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The Pacific Canadian Oct 14, 1893

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Array 33
Vol. I.
No. 5.
J   1,1.  BLAIKIE, dealer in Choice Wines.
,    Liquors,  and  Olgars.    S L'EA.MliOAT i
KXOHAiNGE, oornor oi Front und litli Sts., \
New Westminster, H, C.
.$1   per   Year!
\ I EKCI1 ANT'S HOTEL, corner of MoNeely
1>J und Columbia Streets, Jit.-st Wines
and Cigars kept constantly on hand. ..JAS.
CASH, Proprietor.
ROOM. Meals at all hours, dished up
in any stylu. Open day and night. Moderate
charges.   W. E. MOKTIMEli, Manager,
GROTTO HOTEL.    This House lias been
thoroughly renovated and refurnished.
and the proprietor solicits a share of public
patronage.   MEALS. i"i cents,   While rooks.
UEKN'S HOTEL, corner Olemont; nnd
Columbia Streets. 0. H. WILLIAMS,
PTfapriotor, First-class In every particular.
Pure Wines and Liquors, unci choico brands
of Clours.
rpilE TELEGRAPH HOTEL, Front streot,
X opposite to tbe Kerry Landing, Nothing1 but choicest of Liquors and olgars Telephone Kill, P. O. Box 80. 11UGAN BROS.,
CLEVELAND HOTEL, opposite Bell-Irving'& Patterson's dock. First-class cooks
and attentive waiters. The bur is studied
With prime Wines, Liquors and Cigars,
'BEENNAN BROS., Proprietors.
CENTRAL HOTEL. Columbia Street. New
Westminster. The leading Hotel. White
cook, clean beds and moderate charges. The
best of Wines. Liquors and Utgars. Try us
and you will always come again, COLLIER,
OCCIDENTAL HOTEL, corner Columbia
aud Begbie Streets, New Westminster.
B.C. Kates tor Board and Lodging: Pet-
day, $1.00; per week, $5.50, The best of Wines.
Liquors and Cigars dispensed at the bar.
.1. 0. GRAY. Proprietor.
DEPOT HOTEL, Columbia Street, New
Westminster, The best $1.00 a day house
in Canada. The rooms are superior, and tlie
Hotel Is well adapted to the needs of families,
to whom special rates are given. Board by
the week at reduced rates, r*. O. BILODKAIj,
rilHE HOLBKOOK HOUSE, Front Street.
J_ New Westminster. This is the popular
hotel of the city. Airy and well furnished
rooms. Cusiuc department carefully supervised, and the dining tables supplied with
all the luxuries ol' the season. Bunquets
spread to order. Late suppers provided at
snort notice. Choice Wines, Liquors and
Cigars in the sample room. A. VaCHON,
VI ANN & SMITH. Liffht aud heavy dray-
*VJ- Ing of ull kinds. Household furniture
carefully removed, and special attention
given to removing pianos, safes, etc. Mill
wood teamed to order. Express at all hours.
Telephone **.
Mainland Truck and Dray
Diayuig & Teaming Promptly
Al.eiiued to.
Agents for T. Hembrough & Co.'s Brick,
Tile and Pottery Works.
Orders received for Gilloy ,fc Rogers'Coal.
Practical Watchmaker & Jeweler,
Columbia Streot, N."W.
All kinds of Watches mid a great variety
of Solid and Plated .lewelery kept
in Stock.
The publishers of the Pacific Canadian, in order to reach the people of this
Province, have decided to place the subscription price, at the very low ligure of
��1.00 per year. This places the paper
within the reach of all, even in hard
times, and there is no other way that a
dollar can bo invested to better advantage. In the family circle a healthv
newspaper is almost invaluable as an
educator. Have the Canadian come to
your hearth and make the whole house
glad. Try it for three months for
2r> cents,
Special attention  lo Repairing
High-Grade Watches.
Orders from the country promptly attended to.
Columbia Street, New Westminster.
The Latest and Choicest Patterns ] n Scotch
and English T*eeds, Etc., for tall and winter
Get Prices!
Indian Agent Devlin is on an official
trip to Pemberton Meadows.
Dkai.kim In game appear to be well
supplied with wild ducks.
Thk salmon market Is glutted. Dealers
pay about livo cents per lish.
The Hon. Pebmieb and Mrs Davie re-
returned to Victoria at the beginning of
tho week.
Hon. Theodore Davie will attend the
Delta exhibition at Ladner's on Wednesday next.
Fisherman still report abundant
catches. Unfortunately the market is
Wednesday's train from the East was
about nine hours late, mainly resulting
from mud slides this side of Kamloops.
Complete returns from Cariboo confirm the election uf Mr. Adams by a majority ol twenty-three votes.
The annual meeting of the Surrey
Agricultural Society will be held to-day
(Saturday) at Cloverdale.
The third annual agricultural exhibition of tlie Okanagan district, held at
Vernon on the 4th, 5th and 6th inst.,
proved a great success.
Mr. W. J. Jackman, of the Chilliwack
Progress, was in town on Tuesday and
Wednesday, He was accompanied by
Mrs. Jackman, and both enjoyed the
It Is believed by fishermen that the
run of sockeyes is about over, aud that
another day or two will liuisli it. Cohoes,
It is expected, will oe in good supply till
about the middle of next mouth. {
A large quantity of  salmon  Is  being
put up in salt this season, fur which there j
is likely to  be a fair demand later on. I
Holders are now offering at from SU to 48 j
per barrel.
The heaviest gale of thu sesauu so far
was in full force on Wednesday morning.
The Gulf was very  rough,  and  various
crafts kept close.     Thero  was  no  mail j
from Victoria till Thursday.
The annual  exhibition  of  the  Delta
Agricultural   Society   wiil   be   held   at j
Ladner's on Wednesday  next,  18th inst. ���
If tho weather proves at all  favorable
the show is certain to be a great success, j
and will be attended by a large throng of
The Vancouver school board is not vet i
by any means a harmonious institution,
but al tlie meeting on  Tuesday   evening
the members had sense enough to agree
to the appointment of Mr. It. 11. Dow to ;
tlie vacant position  of  principal of the ,
East end school.
Mb. VV. II. Kent, manager of  the W. j
& D. I. Telephone Company, is  In  town I
getting ready for the laying of the river
cable to connect with the old  telegraph
line from Brownsville to   Li.ducr's.     As
soon as the cable arrives, u will  be laid;
and the line to the Delta  will be put in
working order.
The ten-mile bridge un the Yale road !
has been lu bad shape fur some lime. On ,
Sunday Mr. McCulluin almost met with I
a serious accident there, and lo save the ,
unwary, he spent some time making
needed repairs. Something should be \
done to keep the trunk roads, at least, In :
good repair.
Mr. 1)   McKen/.ie, of Clover Valley,
was in town on Tuesday, and paid a visit
to the s.s. Grandholin, loading salmon at I
the lion Accord cannery.     Tbo crow ot ;
the vessel are all Scots, and two or three
of them were from the locality  where
Mr. MeKenzie sported in joyous boyhood i
That well-known and popular hotel,
the llolbrook House, has changed bands
this week. Mr. A. Viichou, who made
BUCb a success of tin: dining department,
has bought Out the Interest of Messrs.
Cash & Elley, and now  enters   into full
possession. UndorMr. Vachon's manage-
ment tin: llolbrook Is  certain   to  retain
the high reputation It has beld In the:
Messrs. Jos. McCallum aud  It.  Wat-j
kins, of Clayton, wore in town on Thursday livening on their way lo Pemberton i
Meadows to Inquire into tbe prospect of ]
opening up a stock  and  dairy   farm in j
that district,   if the out lay provessat-
isfactory they will   register claims and j
prepare for  active   operations   In   tbo |
spring.    They  expect to  be gone about
three weeks.   In any event, Mr.  M cCal-
1 ii in will continuu to make the homestead
In Surrey his headquarters, his chief
concern being to secure a suitable location for his son.
Mn. .1. W. Gallagher, formerly of
the Vancouver Telegram, was lu town on
Wednesday, lie has about completed
arrangements to commence the publication of a morning paper at Nanaimo,and
expects to issue the first number about
tho beginning of next month. Mr. Gallagher has plenty of "go," and Is certain
to turn out a creditable sheet. Tho new
paper Is to be called the "Telegram," and
will be independent in politics.
Ax industry worthy of encouragement
is the pork-packing establishment of Mr.
P. H. Robinson, on Front street, whicli
opened up for business a few days ago.
M. Robinson contemplates putting lit)
hams, bacon, etc., for the Chinese market, and has about completed negotiations for regular shipments to that country. The quantity of pork in this
Province being limited, he will in the
meanwhile obtain liis supplies from tlie
North West territories, from which he
has already received one prime car-load.
Mr. Robinson thoroughly understands
the pork business, and will supply the
retail trade with choice cuts, sausages,
and other prepared meats of superior
The fotll'-masted American schooner
Salvator. of Ban Francisco, 444 tons,
Capt. Wells, arrived Tuesday evening,
and will load lumber al the liruuelle
Mills for Port Plrlfl, South Australia.
She will carry away about 580,000 feet
of lumber.
Lulu Island gunners are accused of
shooting pheasants.
I foundings.  Still he thinks he will be back
i again in two years or less.
Mr. K. Pindlay has nearly completed
bis dwelling house, and proposes moving
in in the course of a few days. Mr.
Pindlay intends to raise small fruit,
poultry and rabbits, for market.
Tlie Glenwood  gold  mining boom has
1 been very much hindered by the water
in the shaft. It seems impossible to proceed unless more powerful pumping machinery is procured, although Hie prospects are considered highly satisfactory,
and those interested are quite confident
that there is good pay in tlie ground and
lots of it.
Thursday's Blow.
There was a very good attendance of
buyers at the market yesterday, and the
suuply of produce, though short in some
lines, was fair. The quantity dlsnosed
of was satisfactory.
There was a scarcity of poultry,chickens being about the only thing in that
line offered. They brought84.50 to$5.60
per doz. alive. Dressed birds sold for 05
cents each.
Beef was in fair supply, and brought
5 cents for fore quarters, and 7 cents for
hind quarters. Cuts sold for 7 to 12cents
per pound.
Mutton was in good supply, and realized 9J to 10cents by the carcase. Cuts,
11 to 13 cents.
There was no veal.
Putter brought no to 00 cents bv the
roll, and eggs 35 to 40 cents per dozen.
Roth were scarce.
Hay is quoted at 8112 to 813 per ton. Oats
823 to 827.50. Wheat, .827.50 to 830. No
Potatoes were not plentiful, and
brought 814 to 815 per ton. There is an
active demand for potatoes of good
Turnips sold-for 810 per ton. A few
mangolds brought 87 per ton, White
carrots are quoted at 810. Red carrots,
% to 1 cent per pound. Cabbage, 1 cent.
Onions, \)i cents,    Beets not offered.
Apples brought 81 to 81.10, with ready
demand for good quality. No plums.
Pears in demand, but not offered. Mushrooms asked for. Green tomatoes brought,
2 cents.
Game not offered, but called for.
The high wind of early Wednesday
morning, while lierce enough in Hi Is city,
was probably not so severely felt as in
more exposed locations on tho Gulf.
Speaking of the effect In Vancouver Hie
News-Attcertis'-r savs :
Tho wind oarly Wednesday morning
blow a regular hurricane, which increased in force and kept up until early morning. Fortunately) however, very little
damage was done to property inside the
City, though In the country considerable
injury was done to fruit and other trees,
aud nearly all the roads leading to the
City were blocked by fallen trees yesterday.
Tho telephone and telograph companies
were the chief sufferers from the storm.
All the trunk linesof the New Westminster and llurrard Inlet Telephone Company were down, but owing to the
prompt action of Manager Kent and his
staff, the lines were very soon in work-
iutr order again, lu the City the system
escaped with a few crossed lines, owing
to the strength of the poles and wires
now in use.
The C.P.R. Telegraph Company report
heavy storms both east and south, aud
their service was completely demoralised.
Hy night communication was established
as far east as Winnipeg. The service to
the island was also "knocked out," aud
Nanalrao ana Victoria were shut off from
communication with the world for the
At sea the force of the gale was felt
even more than on shore. Small steamers did not venture outside, and the Premier and Cutch both reported rough passages, and nearly all the passengers were
affected with mal de mere. Quite a little
damage was done to some of the shacks
alongside the foreshore, and the wind
seemed determined to aid Sheriff Hall In
his unrelished task of demolishing ttie
same. One cabin was seen gracefully
gliding through the water yesterday
after..'.������on in the direction of the Narrows.
Correspondence of Pacific Canadian.
A meeting of the Agricultural Association will be held in tbe t.O.O.F. Hall on
Saturday, at 1 p.m., for the election of
officers and paying of  prizes.
Mr. .1. McMillan left on Monday for
Port Moody, where he intends looking
up old friends.
Last Sunday, communion was held in
the Presbyterian Church. A goodly number partook of the sacrament.
Wild geese are frequenting the fields
here, and have already afforded some of
our sportsmen many a wild goose chase.
Ducks are not very plentiful as yet, but
will projably arrive with the heavy
rains. Grouse are not scarce in these
parts. Rlackbirdsare to he found in the
Fish���The dark waters of the Ser-
Bontlue sparkle with silver trout.
Deer are, mot witli occasionally.
We are sorry to hear that Mrs. (,'hiircli-
land, of Surrey Centre, is ill. She is
suffering from an attack of brotichetls,
but we hope will soon recover.
Mr. W. Round left for Vancouver on
The threshing machine, belonging to
Mr. Swanson, of Aldergrove. has returned heme after finishing its good
work in this locality.
Mr. .1. W. Shannon took a load of
Wheat into town this week.
The carpenters will soon be at work on
Mr.  W. ,1. Robinson's  new mansion,
The funeral sermon of the little son of
Mr. and Mrs. F.Boyce was conducted by
Rev. Mr. Mugee, a't Langley, last Sabbath.
There was not a very large audience
in tlie Presbyterian Church to hear Revs.
McLaren and Magee on Wednesday evening. No doubt the Inclement weather
kept many at home. Those present
were much Impressed by Hit! truths that
were brought home to them by the reverend gentlemen���tho need for home and
foreign mission work.
Last Sunday evening Rev. Mr. Howell
delivered an excellent temperance sermon, from the text, "lie not drunk with
wine wherein is excess, but be Oiled with
the spirit."
Heavy winds this week���good roads
Correspondence of Paetfio Canadian.
It Is rumored that parties from south
of tliu line Intend to open a general
store business, together witli express and
telegraph office, at lla/.elmere. In fact
they are now working preparatory for
the eroction of the building. This
will be a groat advantage to the settlers
in this part of the district.
Owing to the lato heavy rains, thoro Is
still some late grain out, but fitin weather having again set in It will all doubtless be saved.
Notwithstanding an occasional spell of
wet weather, British Columbia has many
advantages over some other places, that
require to be known to be appreciated.
Our old friend and neighbor, R. Stewart,
(at present in Mashonaland, Africa),
writing on the 20th July, says If ho had
to choose botwoon B. C. and S. A., he
would say B. C. every time. As It is he
has to make the best of his present sur-
Owing to the lowness of the water in
the Fraser at present, steamboat men
11 nd great difficulty in running up the
Somas rapids.
When a funeral party got to the Nanainio cemetery on Friday last they
found Hie grave only partiy dug and the
caretaker and his wife both drunk.
A meeting of Kaslo citizens was held
on the 20th ult., for the purpose of electing a mayor and aldermen. The following were placed in nomination: For
mayor, R. Green, G. Kane; fur aldermen,
Sam Green, A. McKay, Tom Devlin, Al.
Cameron and Dave Kane.
A miner, named D. R. Davis, and a
Welshman by birth, was, on Wednesday,
killed in Hie Fast Wellington mine hy a
fall of rock. A colliery truck ran off
the line, knocking down a prop, whicli
caused the fatal fall of coal from tlie
roof of ilie working.
G. M. sprout, stipendiary magistrate,
Inflicted a 820 lino on one of tlie Nakusp
wagon road men for assault. This will
most, probably have a wholesome effect
oil the railroaders, and others, who have
had little or no experience of the law on
this side of tbo line.
The -Nelson ,fc Fort Slieppard Railroad
continues to be pushed forward as rapidly as possible, and the track-layers have
reached a point not more than 2ti tulles
distant from Nelson. The track-hiving
is being done with machines, and as
much as two miles pin' day can be covered. There are 100 men on the track-
laying and surfacing gang. Tlie surfacing is kept, within one mile of the track-
F. A. Mckinon. owner of the Maple
Leaf mine al lllecillewaet. has returned
to Revelstoke for the winter. He has
been doing development work at tlie
mine, and says Hie vein Is looking exceedingly rich. The present prleo of
silver, however, prevents any active operations on the property.
A small screw steamer arrived al Revelstoke this week from tlie coast. She
belongs to Mr P. Genelle, of .Nakusp,
nnd will be used towing logs on the Arrow Lake lu connection with Mr. Gen-
olio's saw mill. Her dimensions are:
Length, 38 feet, hy s feet beam; depth of
hold, S feet. Tile engines will be pill lu
here, and will be about 20 horse-power.
Advices from headquarters stale that,
Hie Great Northern Railway Is now ready
to handle Slocan ores with every degree
of dispatch and safety, making tlie
transfer at Bonner's Ferry promptly,
and landing tho ore shipped over this
line in Tacatno or San Francisco at least
two days ahead of cordpotitors, The
present rates on ore in carload shipments are 811 per ton to San Francisco,
and 80 to Tacomca.
It Is reported that tho recording of-
flca at Rock Creek has taken lu 8145 in
a half day on records in the new gold
district. Over 82,000 worth of nuggets
was brousht Into Rock Creek and exchanged thoro by Chinamen.
The clean-up recently made at the
Van Winkle mlno, resulted in 82,500 for
a 20 days' run. This Is considered very
satisfactory by the owners, as thoy were
troublod with a shortage of water caused
by the cold weather.
An effort Is to be made at Victoria to
send a good collection of 11. C. vegetables
to the California Mid-Winter Fair.
A trail is to built at once from Alberni to China Creek, the seat of the
present gold mining operations on tlie
Island. Nearly 40 miners are there
It is reported that abov named Jeffrey
and an Indian named Jim Wilson have
been drowned off Lasqiiitti island. Jim's
Klootehmaii says the Uour. etc., found
Boating around belonged to Jim.
Last mouth 11. C. supplied San Francisco with 51,000 tons of coal out of
110,400 tons there imported in all, a great
advance on the figures of September,
1808, when the Vancouver Island eoller-
ics exported to San Francisco only about
one-fourth of Hint supply.
The sale of seal skins lu London will
probably not take place until somo time
in November. There is a disposition to
put It off as long as possible, but there
may be some private sales In London this
month. The postponement will give late
Shipments an opportunity to reach Lon-
; don In time for the sale.
The dispute over the election of school
i trustees in tho South  Vancouver school
district has   become   so  involved   that
i either Dr. Pope or Inspector Wilson is
! coming up on Saturday  morning to try
I to adjust matters.     Mr.  Hone was unseated because he lived outslic the dis-
' trict and at the  meeting  at   which the
successor was elected it is claimed that
there was not a quorum present. Though
Mr. Hone lives outside the section  he is
not much more than  half a mile from
the school house and no objection  was
takon to his election till two mouths after
his election, while the Act requires such
steps to be taken within one month.
About 11 o'clock on Monday night,
Henry Elliot, steward of the steamer
City of Nanainio was drowned at Nauai-
mo. Tbe deceased with his brother, and
the second engineer were up town, when
the steamer blew her whistle, and started to go round to Departure Bay to coal.
The*three men hurried down to tho
wharf and oti getting thoro the steamer
was a few feet out. Deceased jumped
but missed his fooling, falling into the
water. Chief Engineer Stevens plunged
in after him, aud swam around for some
minutes, but he was never seen again.
Tlie body so far has not been recovered.
The deceased was an Englishman, and
was very popular.
W. A. Vauor,  P.L.S.,  has just come
from Kaslo, having leit there last Friday.    He states that there is great improvement noticeable in business circles
in that town.     Fully  3,000  tons  of o;c
are now awaiting shipment.     Everyone
seems jubilant at present over the prospects.   Just hefore he left,  Col.  Russell
brought down quite   a   number of ricli
specimens from the dry ore belt north of
Hear   Lake.     Tho   ledge's   average   is
85,800 to the ton in silver.    From 0 ozs.
of ore, out of the Silver Glance claim, he
got Hi ozs. of refined silver.  The Miner
Hoy on the   same   ledge  Is  still  richer,
average specimens  going 86,800  to tlie
ton.    Six ozs. of smelted ore  from  this
claim gave two ounces of refined  silver.
The wagon road to Kaslo is  now in very
bau condition, rendering It a hard task to
haul ore,  but preparations   are   being
j made to ship large quantities  as soon as
the snow Hies.   Several miners are now
j busy getting their winter quarters ready.
I The Minneapolis syndicate lias returned,
j and from what Mr. Bauer could learn, it
I lias taken up all its old   bonds,  its men
'��� are all paid, aud it Is now proceeding to
I develope its properties.   It does not pur-
| pose, however, to do anything  with the
j townslte of Silvertoii.    Everyone seems
: to have confidence In the mines of Koote-
j nay.  Mr. Middaugli lias triven a contract
I to break up the b\a boulder, which is to
lie shipped out shortly,    Tlie idea of
moving It en bloc on a special car  had to
be abandoned.
The Mnrtler of an Alaska Teaohev,
Washington, Oct. 10.���Captain  Healy
of the Hear, in a report to the Treasury
Department,   incorporates  a  statement
i from W. F, Lopp, as   to  the   killing by
i Indians of  Mr.  II. It. Thornton, U. S.
j teacher at Point Prince of Wales.     The
I killing took place on the night of  l'.ith,
j and the Hear reached   there  on   August
88th.    The body was still   unbiiried.    It
was subsequently  interred with proper
i ceremonies.    The natives soon   knew of
the killing, lu which one man  and Iwo
boys.  111    years  of   age  wore  engaged.
j They sought out the murderers, caught
two and killed them.    Tu show their detestation for tbe crime they fed the bodies of tlie murderers to  tlie  dogs.    One
boy who was simply an accessory escaped.
; Mrs. Thornton, the teacher's wife, was
shown  the greatest < slderallon,  and
escorted lo Hie Reindeer station many
tulles away. The Thorntons were the
only white people at the Point of Prince
of Wales. The motive for the murder
wus niercennrv. hut, after Mr. Thornton
was killed, the men had not tlie heart to
murder Mrs. Thornton. Thornton. It
wus said, was very rough In ills manner.
which made him unpopular. Iloth of
the murderers are well known thieves,
and had froquetltlv been delected stealing from Mr. Thornton and from Hie
school house.
Then. II. Davies. guardian of Princess
Kaiulanl, has given 8250 to thoY.M.C.A.
Pending the return from Ottawa of
City Solicitor Hamcrsley, tlie local lawyers interested in the quashing of the
Market By-Law, have agreed to let the
mattor lie in abeyance.
I Eight patients in the city hospital,
afflicted with typhoid, are rapidly recovering. Tim Healy, of Seattle, suffering
from Injuries recelvod by being struck by
a C.P.R. engine, remains In a pocarlous
Word has been received from Alemeda,
Cal., of the marriage of Mr. R. A. Welsh,
of Messrs. Welsh Bros., Water street, to
Miss M. Lindsay, sister-in-law of Timber
Inspector Skinner. The ceremony took
placo in Christ Church last Tuesday,
and after a short tour through California th<! con;,le will return to Vancouver.
On Tuesday Mayor Cope received tho
following reply from Hon. J. C. Patterson, at Ottawa, to a despatch urging a
speedy decision in the matter of the reservoir to be ^placed in Stanley Park:
"Matter before Council: I think decision will be favorable. In meantime
go on witli the work." There is much
gratification in Hie Water Works Department over tlie news.
Si. Raul's Hospital has been selected
as the name by whicli the structure shall
lie known, funds for whicli are now being
collected by tlie Sisters of Charity. It
will be ISO feet in length, the lirst wins
of which will be erected early in tho.
spring. Tlie clearing of the lots is pin-
grossing slower than was intended, the
,vet weathor being accountable therefor.
The Sisters hope that all the physicians
of the city will patronize the institution
by placing patients under their care.
The fame of St, Mary's Hospital, New/
Westminster, bespeaks opportunities for
services for the one to be started in Vancouver.
The annual charity ball, in aid of the
Alexandra Hospital, held in tlie Hotel
Vancouver on Tuesday night, passed off
very pleasantly. Scarcely so many people attended as a year ago, but the line
large dining room of the hotel, where
the dancing took place, was well lilled
with a gay and festive throng. Reynold's orchestra of nine pieces discoursed
sweot music, to the notes of which the
dancing was kept up with zest till a
seasonable hour next morning. Quite a-
number came in.from New Westminster
and Victoria, to take part in the morry-
making, among them being several
oficers from the navy.
The Fast Mantle Service.
The Montreal correspondence of the
Toronto Empire, in recording the departure of Mr. Van Home, President of the
C. P. R., to Europe, says: "The departure of the great railway president, accompanied by Mr. R. B. Angus, for Great
Britain, and the presence in Montreal.of
Capt. Hamilton Gunn, who has given tho
question of a Canadian fast service a
great, deal of attention, causes more than
a revival of interest in this undertaking.
Capt. Gunn, who was seen at the St.
Lawrence Hall by tho Empire correspondent, made the statement that everything was progressing satisfactorily on
the other side. Conlidence was peine restored, and that there would be important developments In the matter of a
quick service in the near future.
Capt. Gunn. while discussing financial
matters, made the important announcement that the Argentine Republic was
coming out all right, and that Barings
were fairly on thoir feet once more.
There can be no dobt, he remarked, that
Milford Haven will be the poll)*, of departure on the other side for anv rapid
line that may be established, and although the papers have named Halifax
as the Canadian winter port, the correspondent observed that, ('apt. Guild's preferences are for Canso, N.S."
North Sydney, N.S. Oct. 12.���Tho ship
County of Yarmouth, the largest sailing
vessel in Canada, is ashore a mile insido
of Lowe Point light. Tugs have been
sent to her assistance.
Winnipeg. Oct. 11.���Mr. Hugh John
Macdouald, M.P., denies tlie report that
his resignation has been placed in tho
hands of the Speaker, but says that ho
is ready to resign as soon as another candidate is selected.
Winnipeg. Oct. 12.���J.W. Jackson, the
Treasurer of Portage La Prairie Municipality, pleaded cuilty to-day to embezzling ilie funds of the Municipality, and
was sentenced to 23 mouths' Imprisonment In the Portage La Prairie jail.
Ottawa. Oct. 12.���An Order-in-Council
was passed to-day making Mackintosh
Licutenaiit-liovernor of the North-west.
The order was taken to-day hy the Clerk
of tho Privy Council to Quebec and will
be signed by General Moore, who acta
for Lord Aberdeen while the latter is at
tlie World's Fair.
Detroit, Oct. 13.���A rear end collision
on Hie Michigan Central is reported from
Jackson, Mich., to-day. It is said 150
persons were killed and injured. Ten
bodies have already been taken out of
the wreck.
Rome, Oct. 13.���The Aeronaut, Char-
bonuet, nlici ns married three days iil'o,
set out with his bride and two friends to
go lu a balloon over the Alps to France.
Yesterday the balloon struck a glacier
In the Italian Alps, the car was smashed
and all the traveller* were thrown out.
Charhonnet was killed Instantly, and liis
wife and friends were Injured severely.
Chicago, Oct. 12.���Frenzied with fright
and driven Into a stampede by a raging
lire that broke out early this evuuli i in
tlie Wallace street hams of sue Chicago
Citv Railway Co., live hundred horses
were either suffocated or burned to death.
Thu loss on the building is 825,000, on
the horses about $',0,000, and tbe contents of the barns, cars, feed, etc., will
bring the loss un lo about $110,000.
World's Fair Grounds, Chicago, Oct.
12.���The special committee recently appointed to consider the question of keeping the Fair open alter this month, has
practically decided in favor of dolus so
as long as the weather will permit, and
as long as the people come in sufficient
numbers to make It profitable. Tho
plan Is to continue charging the present
admission fees, aud to induce as many
foreign and American exhibitors to keep
their displays intact as possible. Many
foreign exhibitors have already agreed
to do so, aud everyone who has an exhibit was given a permit for its removal
from the Fair upon application. Tho
Department of Admission and the executive offlcors of the Fair are making
their arrangements for November as if
the plan had been formally adopted. NEW   WESTMINSTER,   BRITISH   COLUMBIA,   OCT. 14,   1S93.
The Wonderful History of Petroleum and
Its Treatment.
Iii the annual report of the Pennsylvania bureau of industrial statistics,
just issued, Professor Albert S. Holies
has inserted an elaborate historical and
statistical account of the production of
petroleum in Pennsylvania, Its consumption and exportation. Scarcely thirty
years have passed since the lirst barrel
of refined oil was offered for sale. Notwithstanding tlrfs the exports rank
fourth in tho list for value, and are surpassed only by cotton, breadstuff's and
provisions. For the year ending June
80th, 1804, the total exports were 23,-
000.000 gallons. Five years later they
had increased to 100,000,000 gallons, In
1��74 to 200,000,000 gallons, and in 1801
to 700,000,000 gallons. A larger percentage of the oil product is sent abroad
than of any other except cotton. The
exports are principally to European
The reduction in the price of petroleum in the United States is ijnito as
noteworthy as the increase in production, quantity and exportation. Pipe
lines aggregating 25,000 miles In
length have been laid, and 0,000
tank cars havo been built, which.
if forming a single train, would
extend (15 miles. Besides these cars and
a number of bulk sailing and other vessels, 50 bulk steamers are now employed
in transporting Hie oil to foreign countries.' The value of the Pennsylvania
oil lands and wells is estimated at more
than 887,000,000. Sixty-live million dollars more must be added to cover the
valuo of the plant employed In producing crude petroleum. This valuation
does not include the pipe lines, tank
cars, tho great fields of tankage, the
costly refineries, -locks for exportation,
nor the fleet of bulk vessels carrying the
product to foreign shores. The estimate
of total capital required for tho production, manufacture and transportation of
petroleum and its products is not far
from 8300,000,000.
The   chief   reasons why coal oil  has
fallen to so low a prico in the   United
States, and to a certain extent in Canada,
is to be found in the  improved methods
of refining and tho making of money out
of what was formerly regarded as waste
material.   At one   time  the   refineries
annually   bought    huge    quantities  of
wood or coal  for   fuel.    Whole   forosts
were purchased to provide the  Intenso
heat needed lor a series of stills.    But a
London man invented a means whereby
the waste tar that   had "formerly been
run    into    streams  or   buried   in   the
earth   could be tunled to account  for
fuel, and an enormous saving was effected by the refiners of both countries. Today the by-products of the refineries of
tbe United States are of decided  and
growing importance, and an expert tells
us that  the question  is,  given  super-
abounding by products, what new applications can  wo find for them?   In the
marke of 05,000,000,  the answer is in
scores of shelves laden  with  proof that
the oil well is a formidable rival  to the
cotton seed, the olive tree, the pitch pine,
the asphaltiim lake, the gas retort, and
even to the busy bee as she spreads her
wax.  Speaking broadly, this expert tells
us, when dilating on  the oil exhibit at
the World's Fair, the treatment of crude
oil   is  by   dlstilation   and   little   more.
Petroleum  as It  flows from a well may
be considered as a mixture of a variety
of substances ranging all the way from
gasoline to tar, each with its own boiling
point.   If heat be gradually applied in
a still and increased the gasolines and
napthas pass off lirst, then the Illuminating   oils,   next   the   lubricators,   until
nothing is left in tho still  but an almost
solid black cake. This kind of treatment
is called  fractional  distillation.    Fractional distillation is often  modified, and
for a good reason.    Hy a happy accident |
befalling,  and  a  quick eye  to see the
golden hint in it, Mr. Joshua Merrill, in
1807, began   to  apply  heat  to a still   in,
such a way as to augment  the   yield  of:
illuminating oil.  while at the same time
its quality is improved.     In processes of
this type, know as '���cracking," the elements of the crude oil re-arrange themselves   into quite  a different group ot I
products from  those obtained by fractional distillation.    One of the products
due to tho treatment originated by Sir-
Merrill is an odorless engine oil: a speci-
mens of it used   for ninety days on ma-1
chtnery at Hie fair is shown at Chicago nca(]
unimpaired in lubricating quality.
Let us glance at the products of the
stills, successively ranked as they arc
from a benzine, two-thirds tho specific
gravity of water, to a carbon pressed foi
navigation of the air fuel oils  may yet
play an important part.
When from petroleum all the oils have
been driven off there remains in the still
a residuum which looks about as worth-
Importaut Exploration.
Strange as it may seem, the great
MacKonzie River, the mightiest stream
on the American continent, excepting
only  the   Mississippi,   lias   never   been
less as anything can.    And yet, plied bv j traced to its head, aud up to the present i
modern alchemy, from that murky sedi- : the source from which it issues has only
ment is derived parafline, a mineral soap | been known from Indian  report.     That
mystery has, however,  now been solved <
by Mr. R. G. McCouncll,  of  the Doinin
stock, wax white as snow, usphaltuin for
paving, tar for roofing and carbons to
shine as petroleum's haughty rival, the
electric light. The parafline is made
into candles, and renders leather, wood
and paper waterproof, as testify certain
waterproofs for cartridges, pasteboard
egg eases, sheets of caramel tissue, and
butter plates of thin veneer. Wax, in
its unrefined state, is applied to building
paper; purified and bleached, it is moulded into the  semblance  of   fruits  and
The Very Latest; in
i Ion  Geological  Survey, who has just returned from  a  four month's exploration
i trip in those regions.
Mr. MeConnell arrived in British Columbia from Ottawa in June, and started
out on liis trip from Quesnelle on the 0th
of that month. That at least may he
said to be the commencement of his trip,
as on that day lie left civilization behind
^^^^^^^^^^^_^_^^^^_ him.   Tlie party numbered six in all,
flowers: it is even worked up into chew-; and consisted of himself,  liis assistant.
Wishes to call the attention of all who
j are in need of his goods or services, they
ing gum. Of kin to all these are the
vaselines, perfectly deodorized, which
never grow rancid, and which areshown
at the Chicago show in a wide variety of
emollients and faco paints.
These facts are given to show how it I
has become possible for the United States
refiners, after thirty years' experience,
to reduce the cost of their coal oils, in
bulk, from 58 cents a gallon in 1801 to
3}�� cents a gallon during tlie past year.
In what other industry has science
permitted such wonderful improvements I
and adaptations in the same space of j
will do well to inspect his goods,
before buying elsewhere.
Painless Dentistry.
"Does It hurt very much to have a
tooth pulled?" Inquired a tall man of a
Tremoiit-street dentist.
"That depends," was the reply. "If
the affected tooth happens to Oe a molar,
with the roots at right angles to each
other,  or If  It is decayed so as to leave j fafls'over'sOO feet
Mr. Russell, who, by the way, Is one of
the leading hookey players of Canada,
two whites he got at Quesnelle, and two
From Quesnelle the party proceeded in
canoes up the Fraser to Giscome Portage. This is 73<J miles long, and after
crossing it they proceeded down Crooked
River to Fort McLeod. The route, then
lay down Parsnip River to the Forks,
where Findlay River meets the Parsnip,
and gives birth to Peace River.
On reaching  Findlay  River,   Mr. MeConnell really commenced liis summer's
work, as the chief object of his trip was
to explore  that  river,  and   if   possible i P.O. Box
Hie Omlneca also.    Mr. MeConnell ac-l
cordlnglv went up the Findlay  River to '
its junction  with  the Omlneca, and fol-
lowed the latter river to Its head, returning down  It again  to tlie same   spot.
This river is easily navigable on the upper portion, but in  tho lirst 30 miles it
and  is consequently
A Pirst-Class Assortment of Furniture
always kept iu Stock, Carpets and all
kinds of House Fur. ishings.
liil.KI'lll'NU   lTli.
Comer of
Agnes ,i- McKcnxtc sts.
the nerve, nncovered,__or if Jtjs^worn | 07traneTy rapid and difficult to ascetid.'
down even with the gums, so that it is
necessary to dig Hie flesh away in order
to get a good hold with the forceps,
then the ohances arc that you will kick
a little."
Then the tall man trembled from head
to foot, and in a shaking voice said:
"What do you think of that ono?" accompanying the words by opening his
mouth to its fullest extent, and indicating with his finger, the seat of his
Tho doctor took up a small instrument
with a little round looking-glass at one
end, and running it into the cavern that
yawned before him, made a careful inspection of the interior.
"That looks like a stubborn old fellow," replied the doctor as he replaced
the Instrument upon his working table.
"What would you advise?" timidly Inquired the tall man.
"Laughing gas," replied the doctor.
"Will 1 bo oblivious to the pain?"
"Entirely so."
The tall man settled himself in the operating chair, and the doctor inserted
between the patients teeth an old chaui-
Mr. MeConnell then procoeded up the
Findlay River. Whites have been up
the Omlneca River previous to him, as at
one time that was a famous gold country, but Mr. MeConnell and his party
were the first whites ever to ascend the
Findlay River to its head. Tho river is
about 250 miles long, and is navigable
for the greater portion of the way in
canoes, though, owing to rapids, the
party had to proceed the last 50 miles
on foot, an arduous task, owing to the
roughness of the country. The country
is very mountainous and though at the
lower part of the river the valley is six
miles wide, the mountains come right
down to the water's edge in the upper portion.
At its mouth the Findlay is about as
wide as tbe Fraser at Quesnelle. It is
not very deep, except in the canons,
where the current is very strong, and
owing to the numerous rapids and eddies,
progress is very slow.
At the head of Findlay River is a lake,
known in the Indian tongue as Lake Fe-
hutade, whicli being lnterepreted means
narrow   waters   between   mountains
That the only Insurance and Real Estate
Firm in the Province that can provide
you with:
Waterproof and   Mackintosh Coats.
on    Monthly    Instalments
INTEREST is to be found
pagne cork.     Then he placed a funnel; J ThTs'lake is "thei reaf source of" the~Mac-
shaped piece of rubber over the tall
man's mouth and nose, and told him to
breatlio heavily. Gradually consciousness gave way under the Influence of the
gas, but not until the man to be operated
Kenzie River. It is between 25 and 30
miles lone, and not more than a quarter
of a mile wide, and is enclosed by high
mountains. Around the edge of the lake
are glaciers,   and the scene is a very
upon had suffered the sensation of being ! p^tty one.' The mountains rise 5,000 to
smothered under the old-fashioned fcath- j ��� 000 feet above the lake, while they are
er pillow. ���
The tall man was now In dreamland.
He first imagined that he was on his
way to the World's Fair, and when the
train was on the down grade and goiuir
00 miles an hour the wheels left the
track. The air brakes broke and the
cars rushed along at a terrible speed. It
was with the greatest difficulty that tli
some 0,000 feet above the level of the
After exploring the lake. Mr. MeConnell started on his homeward journey
about the end of August, and It was none
too soon, as Ice began to form on tliu
river, and while on the Parsnip tho party
experienced a snow storm.
One of the principal objects of the
i trip was to find if the gold range ,vhi,ii
| dreamer kept in liis berth.    Tremendous
I jolting was caused by the wheels running I crosses the Omineca River extended
over the ties.   The suspense was some- Uar a8 tn0 Findlay River.    Mr.  MeCou-
! thing awful: the wreck of the train was   m,,| folllld that u,is 8urm|8e Wils ccl,Tect,
���inevitable.    The car was filled with the  as be found gold all along the rivtr and
: shrieks of the terrified passengers, inin-   |ts numerous creeks and tributaries.   He
gled  with   tlie crash  of  glass and the ' hlls brought down  a  number of   speci-
| rattle of the train,   Suddenly thero was mena ot roc,lia, etc, with him, aud ox-
a deafening report and a tremendous con-  pr088erj tne opinion  that it would  pay
cussion,. and tho cars appeared to crum-   prospectors to go up there.    The only
ble away.   The tall man found himself  drawback is Hie cost of getting supplies
lu as thero are no roads or even  trails.
724 Columbia St., Mew Westminster.
H. G. ROSS & Co.
American Blue Riveted Overalls, $1.00 Per Pair.
Mens' Wool Sorts, Nine Pairs for $1.00.
Leading Clothier & Hatter.
709 tc 711 Columbia St.,   -  New Westminster.
in total darkness, but suddenly, to liis
horror, he discovered a streak  of lurid
flame through the wreckage, which told'
him that he would be roasted alive if Im-
mediate succor did not reach   him.     lie'
could hear voices directly over him, but I
do as he would not u sound could he ut-
ter,   The flames were making rapid pro- i
gross toward  the  place  where  he  was
coilHnod. and their hot breath was beginning io singe his whiskers.    Then came
| the crash of an axe directly over his
The lirst blow struck him squarely in the back of  the  neck   and he felt
that his time had surely come. The next
one cut oil' his left ear,  and the third
opened up a space  In   liis  cranium tlie'
,,,,,,.,  ,,     ..���   -���-   -    i size of a saucer.  Tho lire had now crept
duty in the arc.lamp.   Gasolines deodor- j up l0 ,lls feet llnd tue |eItol
ized lill jar after jar. one particularly
fine brand being used for the intense
clear lliime in which the bamboo filament
of an inciidescent bulb unites with tlie
platinum wire which is to lead in its
electric current. Other brands melt tiie
solder in tlie canning machines, (laso-
llne, we can see. has an ample variety
of chemical applications; it dissolves
rubber for waterproof clothing, it removes grease from tlie fleeces of sheep,
flaxseed reduced to meal is placed with
it in a percolator, effectually separating
tlie ilux oil. With uarc. gasoline can be
made to destroy moths lu furniture and
clothing: an euloiiiolugist witli a pint Of
it can destroy thousands of Insects,with,
what Is of Importance to him. the least
possible distortion  of leg  of   ,ving.      lu
the manufacture of paints, varnishes and
lacquors, deodorized nuptluis have manifold utility. As substitutes for turpentine they ant used as thinning ingredients: In such japans us are baked naphtha is bettor than turpentine, in tbat it
dries quicker and does not run. Naphtha
goes to form a oapltal wood stain for
sblnifles. aud ii wood liiler serviceable ns
a lirst coat to the painter aud viirnishor.
Combined with rosin and cheap metallic
oxides it makes a paint good enough for
barrels and the like. Besides all this it
yields inexpensive lacquers fur the decoration of iron and tinware. At the
other pole of usefulness with the brush,
let It be said that a French artist has
recently proved that naphtha is an admirable medium for color, as It mixes
perfectly with tlie pigments of a pallette,
und on the canvas soon evaporates completely.
Petroleum is also used for find, but
not to any great extent In Canada, because of the relative price when compared witli coal and wood, Weight for
weight, it lias twice the efficiency of
coal, as captains of naphtha launches
are well aware. Iu Russia locomotives
use petroleum, and sodosteamers on the
Black and Caspian seas, with much benefit in replacing tbe frightful labor of the
stoker with the gentle motion of an automatic pump.   It is quite likely  that In
^^^^^^^ was slowly
roasting. When another blow from the
axe, greater than all tlie rest.knocked his
head clean from his body. He experienced a singular buzzing in his ear: there
was a gleam of light in tlie distance, and
with a bound he returned to consciousness.
Tlie doctor was standing over him,
holding a double tooth iu his forceps.
"That was an old stager and no mistake. How he did hang! It took all
my strength tu dislodge him,' and the
doctor wiped his dripping forehead witli
his handkerchief.
"Where a-a-am IV was the first Words
of the tall man.
������Why, right here lu my office," responded the doctor. "Yon would have
had a tough time if you hadn't taken the
������Well, If it had been rougher than it
actually was 1 would now be a corpse."
and the tall man paid the81.(10and went
mil Into the street feeling   us if lie had
been walking in a treadmill for a week.
���Boston Herald.
Al San .lose, t'ul.. recently a divorce
case was heard behind closed doors und
the judgo forbade the publication of any
pari of the proceedings bv the newspapers. Tlie San dose Mercury disregarded the Injunction and next day lis proprietor was arraigned and lined 8100.
An appeal was taken to tlie Supremo
Court, the petitioner challenging the
justice of his punishment! First, on tlie
general ground of the liberty of the
press: secondly, on the ground that the
court can command tlie action of persons only who are before it; third, on his
If only a trail was built numbers would,
he thought, soon Hock in. The creeks
on the Omineca are nearly worked out
now, and where there were al one time
over :.'.nun miner.-, there are scarcely a
dozen to-day, and the few tbat are left
are grumbling at the hick of coinnnini-
eation At present all supplies liave to
he packed in from tlie Skeoua, to whicli
river there is a trail, but that costs 31
cents per lb. There was al one time a
trail from Fort McLeod to the Omlneca
River, bin that has been blocked up lur
some time.
Game, Mr. MeConnell found in abundance, moose and carriboo being especially plentiful, and several were shut by
him and his party. Lake Tehutade is
also very plentifully stocked with trout.
Game are especially abundant near the
lake,   as tlie   Indians   in  that   district,
known as tl Sicanies," believe a big
devil lives near the lake, and are afraid
to venture up tlie river. In fuel tbuy
warnad the party not to go up prophesying they would never return again.
The country. Mr. MeConnell says, is
only good for mining and hunting, as
there Is no agricultural land, ii being too
far north to grow anything. The weather
was very wet all the time tlie party were
out. though Mr. MeConnell learnt from
the Hudson's liay Agent at Fort Graham
(commonly called "Klu." Hear hake outpost), tlie most northernly post lu this
district, that though tlie winters are long,
it is not so very cold.
During the trip Mr. MeConnell estimates he travelled by canoe and on foot
1,700 miles. For SO miles they had to
poriuge their canoes. The trip was made
fortunately without any accident oi'mishap of any kind, and all the party returned iu good health. Mr. MeConnell is
a brother of Mr. 0. s. McConnull of this
city, and Is spending a few days with
him previous to Ids departure for Ottawa to prepare his report on the season's work. .Mr. MeConnell has been connected wuh the Dominion Geological
Survey for 1:.' years, and has explored a
considerable portion of British Columbia and tlie western part of the Northwest. Amongst other parts, lie has made
surveys of the Yukon and Mackenzie
Clivers, and so has played no unimportant
part in discovering the resources of this
British Columbia of ours.���News Advertiser,
right to reveal to public anything and
everything that forms a part of the ' C. 1'. XL engine No. 408, on which poor
Official acts of tlie court, provided the Steve Whyte lost his life iu the Fraser
publication is not Itself contrary to good River last March, was put on board a
morals; fourth, that tlie publication It- scow at Bevelstoke wharf and taken
seir was Innocent. The Supreme Court, down to Naksup on Monday morning
unanimously sustained the appeal In all Mr. C. II. Temple had charge of tho
points and annulled the proceedings of work of loading, and went to Naksup
the lower court. Ihe right of the public,: with the engine, whicli weighed about
to know how justice Is administered Is 80 tons. The water on tho lake was:
ono that should be observed.  Every pro-1 rather rough and those on  board the'
the quickening of ocean transit and the I f"""??,0' Public officers should be open j scow had an  anxious timo  with such a
to public criticism. l1(.ttVy deck load.
Leading Lines:
l.\ The Inneh OBtranB or the Hiisi-
nkss (linc.K.
Oor. Columbia and Mary Sts..
Having placed in a complete new outfit of Job   Type,   we
are prepared to do all kinds of
Municipal and Commercial
All Work Guaranteed.
-     a     h 35
Mr, J.  B.  Quigley, the Well-Known  La-
cross Player, Passes Away.
Sunday's News-Advertiser.
A few minutes after 0 o'clock last
night Mr. J. II. Quigley passed away at
his parent's home, 617 Hornby street,
after a lingering illness. Mr. Quigley
has beon lu poor health for somo time,
and recently had a stroke of paralysis
from which he never recovered. The
death of Mr. Quieley, or "Harry," as he
���was known amongst his friends, will be
lamented generally here on account of
his prominence In amateur sporting
circles, and his manv sterling qualities
of head and heart. The late Mr. Quig-
lev< came from Shcrbrookc, Quebec, to
Winnipeg in 187!). afterwards graduating at Manitoba University in 18811. Ho
brought a love of the national game with
him from the home of lacrosse, and was
one of the organisers of the Assinlboine
lacrosse team in 1881, being an active
member of the club until it disorganized
in 1884. Iu 1885 deceased voluntoored
for the rebellion, enlisting in the 02nd, a
company under the command of Colonel
Scott. At the dlsbandment of his battalion deceased joined the 00th and organised the famous 90th Lacrosse Club,
being Its active and indefatigable secretary until 1880 when he left for the
coast, reaching here on June 9th of
that year.
Of the last game played witli the 90th
before he bid good-bye to Winnipeg, the
Free Press gave considerable spacu and
spoke of the playing of Harry Quigley,
the famous centre fielder, as superior to
anything of tho kind seen  in the west.
Deceased was also a brilliant player on
the old Collegiate Association football
Lacrosse was in Its infancy when tlie
late -Mr. Quigley arrived at the coast, lie
beinc among the lirst delegates on the
British Columbia Association meeting.
He continued to plav lacrosse here fur
two years, taking up the study of law in
the offices of Mr. L. (i. Mcl'hillips
where  he  was  engaged    until   a
hand (he never   gets  bitten), and   puts
them in his bag.
The writer knew one who used no bag,
but always carried the rats in his breast,
where they might be seen running round
and round inside his vest, and occasionally poking out their sharp noses from
under his chin.
In reality, however, his modus operandi is very simple. He places traps
baited with aniseed, in all the corners of
the hold and bllues; and so fond are the
rats of this odorous substance, that two
and somctlinos three are found in ono
He uses neither dog nor ferrets; there
is no room for tho former, and the latter
j would get lost iu the endless mazes of a
! ship's bottom.
As long as the old wooden  hulks last,
I which lie rotting in our harbors, occupa-
j tion will  always   be   found for Hor Ma-
I jesty's rat-catchers.
Wreck of the Leaner.
From Victoria Times of the Oth lust.
First Officer Stocktleth and the eight
surviving members of the crew of tho
Chilean bark Leanor, which was wrecked
on Capo Johnson on the 4th inst., arrived iu the city last evening on the tug
Discovery. Tlie mate and the crew
walked from Cape Johnson to Neah Hay,
where they joined the steamer. They
were walking for three days, all barefooted, and nothing but breeches and
shirts to cover their bodies. At night
'hey wrapped themselves up in a couple
of Hags, the only articles saved from the
The lirst officer, this morning, gave a
Times representative full partlculas of
the wreck. It was 1 o'clock on the
morning of the 4th inst. when the ship
struck. The wind was blowing a hurricane, the rain was pouring down and
the night was as dark as pitch. The
lirst notice of danger came from the
man aloft, who called out, "a ship on
weather bow." What- tho lookout
few i thought was a ship proved  to be a rock.
Is the Cheapest Newspaper published in
British Columbia.
months   bofore his death.    During   his
lacrosse career he was Secretary of   the !
Vancouver Club, and one of  the chief I
pushers in bringing lacrosse to the high I
standard it has atttained in the Province
After his retirement he took  up row-1
The ship was eased off and a few minutes
afterwards was on tho rocks at the leeward. It was then found that there
were rocks on every side and there was
no chance of saving tho ship. Capt. P.
V. Jonatch Immediately took his wife in
his arms and jumped overboard. The
ing and was one of the'four-oared' junior i carpenter, cook and one of the sailors
crew who wrested the championship also jumped overboard. Tlie sailor
from the Yankees at Portland two years i reached shore, but the captain, Ins wire,
ago. At the keen regret of his associ- j the carpenter and the cook were
ates ill-health soon compelled him to en-; drowned. Mrs. Jenatch's body was
forced inactivity, but to tho last his Picked up on the beach next morning,
valuable services wero eagerly sought The rest of the crew, consisting of
and his voice was attentively listened to ' mate   and
at an executive meeting of the lacrosse
board on all questions of athletics. His
loss is a loss to the community.
This is a price that suits the times, and no home
need be without a good Home Paper.
the crew, consisting of tho
the men, remained with the
ship, which immediately commenced to
break up. About an hour after she
struck a portion of the stern of the vessel, on which tlie men had sought refuge,
drifted on shore. The second mate and
a sailor fell of! and were drowned. The
! mate reached shore four hours later in
an exhausted condition. Tlie distance
from the wreck to the beach was about
200 yards, and on account of the high
sea that was running the passage was a
difficult one.   Nothing at all was saved
from the ship, and the men had to start j circulation in every district
for the nearest habitation with the |
scanty amount, of clothing that they
were able to obtain after the. vessel
struck. About seven miles from Cape
Johnson they came to a cabin, where
they obtained provisions. Thev then
walked to Neah Hay through the bush,
all bring cut and bruised, their feet suffering terribly.
They were a rather rough looking set
upon their arrival there, their clothing
being In rags and many were without
shoes. Hefore reaching Neah Hay they
were without food  for three  days   and
Sensation in St. Punt.
St. Paul., Minn., Oct. (i.���A sensation
has been caused here by the preferring
of charges before the Methodist conference in Minneapolis against the Rjv.
Thomas McCleary, I). I)., pastor of the
Bates Avenue Methodist Church. The
charges originated with the Rev. Mr.
Pilling. Dr. McCleary is accused of
having attended a performance of America while at the World's Fair, aud of
having published his experience and
Impressions in the Methodist Herald. In
his letter to the newspaper, Dr. McCleary says that the show on tlie whole
was pleasing, although some parts of it,
particularly the chorus sirls and dancing, shocked him. He, however, considered the amusement harmless. The
Rev. Mr. Pilling takes a different view.
In his accusations, he says that the
theatre  is a place whore  one  loses his
virtue, conscience, self-control and grace, I of t,](,m ^ st|), suflerlng trom tho
and says that Dr. McCleary s offence has , efleet3 ()f the(l Involuntary filst, llnd the
drenching  they received  on  the way to
Will find the Pacific Canadian the best medium to
reach the Public, as the Low Price, backed by earnest
friends  in  all   parts  of the   Province,   will   insure   a  wide
no redeeming features.    Mr. Pilling also
scores the  Herald for  printing Dr. Mc-
Cleary's description.    In a letter to the
editor, he says: ,-l  am  astounded   that
you would print an article by a minister
of our church describing a ballet  show
and play, and also  advising  our  people
to go, in the words 'tho best of them annually attend.'   It is a  disgrace  to  tbe
Methodist Herald, tho church and to the j
Rev.  Thomas McCleary.    You  are  not;
responsible for his views, but  you   are i
responsible for allowing such  an  article
to go in.   The question Is not an   open
one.    It is unlawful   for a minister or a
member to attend  any play or theatre,
no matter how little they think of  their
solemn promises to tlie  church  of   Cod. |
Unless   you   make   some   statement  iu
yout next issue,  deploring  this article
and putting  your  paper   right, I   shall
use my Influence to try to have  every [
copy of the  Metliodist  Herald stopped in
mv   neighborhood.    I   am   against   the I
theatre in every form and shape.    I   am
trying to get all people  I   come  in  eon-
tact witli to keep from it. but this article i
is directly against tny influence and  tlie
law   of   the   church."   Methodists   are
taking side* in  tlie  matter, and   should
any severe  sentence be imposed  on   Dr.
McCleary a split in  the church is predicted.
It is the especial aim  of the Publishers to  make  the
Pacific Canadian
the beach
The men were met at Neah Hav by
Chilean   Consul    Macondray,   of    Port
Townsend, witli the tug Discovery. The
1 consul said he could do nothing for them
|so they obtained what clothing they
I could and came to Victoria.
I Cape Johnson Is about 20 miles south
| of Cape Flattery, on the Washington
i coast. The coast is a very rocky one
��� and ships as a rule keep  well out from
The Leanor was a  wooden  bark  and
! was owned in Valparaiso.    She was  801
I tons   register   and was   fully   insured.
I She  left  Iqulque on August  Itith   for
Port Moody for orders,   it. p. Rithet &; and healthy in tone, and   with reading   matter  to  suit the
i Co,, Ltd., are her agents.
commons of Canada. Pastes of old and young, so aa to be a delight to the circle
Toronto,  Oct.  2.���The  annual chain- ,  .,      , ,
plonship games of the Canadian Athletic j arouna   tnC   neartll.
Association were held at Rosedalo in the
That will go into the homes  of the  Province, clean, pure,
c. Mcdonough
Groceries, Flour and Feed, Dry Goods, Boots and Shoes, Hats and
Caws, Crockery, Glassware, Etc.
Men's and Boys' Suits,   Great Variety of Household Articles.   Also Grain, Seeds,
Potatoes, and General Stores.
N.B.���Farm Produce bought at market rates or sold on commission.   Orders from tho
interior promptly attended to.
llcr   Majesty's Ral-catcher.
The rat-catcher has almost disappeared as an everyday adiiuaintance.
Improved methods of building and better sanitation, assisted, perhaps, by
"Rough on Ruts," and similar preparations, have left him, liko Othello, without occupation.
Rut he still lingers In the Royal dock-
presence of 3,000 spectators, including
Lleut.-Gov. IClrkpatrlck and a government  house   party.     Tlie  bicycle  races
created most enthusiasm, especially little
Fred.   Young's  victory   over   Champion
; Hysloi) in the half iniie.   In the too yard
'��� race, run In heat8i Wuod,   of  Winnipeg,
i took  second  place  in   the  second heat,
. and third iu the final.   Stage won handi-
i iv by a yard, witli Carr a foot in front of
Woods.    In the hundred yards run C. W.
Stage,  of Cleveland,  was   lirst,   H.  D.
j carr, of Montreal,  second, C, E. Woods,
of Winnipeg, third; time, 10 2-5 seconds.
| Iu the 220 yards, Chas. Stage was  first,
I J. II. D. Carr second,  and 0. E. Woods
' third; timo, 23 seconds.    Iu tho one mile
! rnu, George Orton, of Toronto, was first;
I S. H. Ewlng,  of the  Authenaeum Club,
second;    time,   4   minutes   30   seconds.
yards, and is occasionally to be seen In
-. , . . ,      .., ,   . u      .     ,. BHVUU,        Mill,;,      1      mtuuuvo      ���,.'      HWIHHi
,t.h0���0!iW0^:,.^atr]rhi,?8 PMJlLM I Three mile walk, W. 11. llaxlett   of To-
ronto,  lirst,  R.  Maddock,  of  Toronto,
time, 80:80.
in a row, (Rotten   Row  it   Is generally
called, in our naval ports I second} time, 86:80.    One  hundred and
Her Majesty's royal naval rat-catcher L        ��     ^ h   d,    F ,,������   of N
8 hut an humble Official, it spite  of  his ;,,        ^ c   '���   t   Ue0. Moffatt. secono;
long title, his remuneration being   hat   ,              J    , Fom ,mI1(lred     d
of   an  ordinary dockyard laborer eigh-  ,             d           , w oi���or(]   ()t M
teen  shillings  per week, in   addition to \ ^ ft        ,  ������, , of  V|,;torla, R c
1,0,lU I second; time
penny per
which he Is  allowed
for each rat caught.
Rat-catchers are not, alas! superior to ;
the temptations uf ordinary humanity;
and it was discovered some lime ago that!
the same rats used to appear over and |
over again, to be counted for the roden-1
llal capitation grant. Since then Bitch
batch has been cremated lu the presence i
of the chief boatswain of  tlie dockyard, i
The rat-catcher makes periodical
visits to the infested vessels, and seldom
tails to bring away with him a bagful of
his living prey.
Nobody ever sees him at work, lie
descends into the bowels of the ship, and
is lost tu sight and sound until he
emerges laden with his victims. An atmosphere of mystery surrounds Ills
rusty brown, silent figure, in the eyes of
the blue jackets.
He is popularly supposed to possess i
some of tlie occult power uf the "Pled
Piper of llatnlln," aud to go down to the i
haunts of tlie rats, gently whistling, and
reeking with sonic strange odor, when j
they at once Hock round him, aud hu |
simply picks them  up with  his   naked
,   n" 8-B.     Running   broad
jump, Fred. Puffer, of New Jersey A. C,
iirst, 21 feet 7 3-4 Inches; 1). Robinson,
Toronto police, second, 10 feet I 1-8 inches. Two mile run���Orton, of Toronto,
was the only starter; time, 10:20. llair-
mlle; bicycle, F, W. Young, Wanderers,
lirst; W. Hyslop, Toronto, second; time,
One mile bicycle race, W. Hyslop,
F. W. Young, second, .1. F. Heck,
time, 8:88 2-5.
Subscribe for a Year, and learn how much pleasure you can
bring home for $1.
Deer Park, Mich., Oct. 8.���A disaster
on Lake Superior, In which no less than
eight lives were lost, camo to light today, when a drifting boat was picked up
bv the crew of the Miiskalunglife savinir
station. Tlio derelict was sighted this
forenoon, and by the aid of strong glasses,
It was found that thu craft was disabled
and drifting. The crew put off and
came to tbo wreck just west of the station. Tlie craft was found to be a lisli-
iug boat of large size, which operations
on this part of the lake make necessary.
Notjraoo of the six occupants, known to
have been in the boat, could be found.
The Pacific Canadian,
Orders   by  Mail   Receive
Prompt Attention,
Corner Front and MeKenzie Streets,
(Directly in rear of Bunk of Montreal.)
Subscription, $1.00 per annum, in advance
5 per cent. Rut favorable as was the | The estimated revenue was SI,000,000.
condition of the Province, when its 3 I As regards the million dollar ioan, as it
per cents., selling at 02, were ranked i is called, netting only 8800,000, the obll-
third among colonial securities, how | gation was not SI,000,000. but ��070,000
much prouder her position to-day���and | only. The stock was sold, as well a she re-
it was only by the newspapers which had ; membored, at S3, or at a discount of 17
Transient Advektisments���Ten cents per
line, for each Insertion.    All transient
advertisements to be measured us solid
nonparlel���13 lines to the inch.
-Jojuieiicial ADVEitTisE.MENTs-in displayed j the Mainland for the benefit of Vancouv
come to hand to-day tbat he bad ob
served it recorded that the Rritish Columbian securities bad actually gone to
the top of the list, being quoted at 03,
with Can ida's at 02%."
Touching tho erection of public buildings in Victoria, a mea ,ure that has
caused more  or less dissatisfaction, and
per cent, amounting to 8100,000 or then
about. This accounts for the net sum
realized neing $800,000, or iu that neighborhood. The loan was floated at 3 per
cent, interest, and. of course, the same
as the loans of other countries carrying
so lew a rate of interest, had to be placed
on the market at a discount. Taking
into account   this discount,  tho actual
approval of the action of the Constltu-!
tlonal League in the matter of the said j
3. That tills Convention condemns the
action of the Government in falling to
re-adjust tho representation of thecoun-
Kate Field on the Bagpipes.
Tlie bagbipe is not, as is generally supposed, an exclusively Scotch instrument
and unknown to other nations. It is,
indeed, the National instrument of Scotland, but it is also that of the Hill coun
try before proceeding with   legislation I tri08sln India, and Is sttll popular amoDK
'l"?.��fll! heaVV ll"amiial burdens on the   tlle mouDtaIneers of Turkey, Roumania,
Bulgaria,   Hungary,   Italy and  Sweden.
(Successors to W. H. Vianen.)
which has been  represented as robbing  cost to the Province was equivalent to
paying about 3Jj percent interest on the
type:  Special rates, made known on application,
Professional and Business Cards��� Not to
occupy a space of mure Hum one inch, and.,., ..,,.,. . , ,
set solid in uniform stylc.Jl 2Tiper month,   that contention, in the following words :   per cents  at   par.    Anyone,   therefore,
or by yearly contract,'$13.00. "The  proposed  expenditure  to which : could see that there was no  point what-
Smai.l (Advertisements  of Wants, Lost,  ���YPn,,flinn   wlls  t,.,u-mi. was S-,25,000, for I ever in showing that the 8970,000, called
er   Island,   the Premier spoke   to   the   wnol�� loaD',   '" other. wnrdf'  9,el"n8 3
,    ,        .    , I per conts at 83, or a discount of 17 per
point, and showed the utter falacy of | oenti wa9 ttbout equivalent to selling 3H
.  Lost,
one Inch
4. That this Convention desires to put; It was known ,��� c,li|m centur,eg aK0,
upon record its emphatic opinion that: a|,d js t t0 DR hcard afc Thibnt ^he
no legislation binding the Province to PfiI.slall9 nad a bagpipe. and so bad the
any expenditure other than that neces- B y t|an8 and ,��� th(, Bl.itlsh mu8eum
sary to the carrying on of the ordinary : ma bp soon a ?et of sma], , w|t|).
work of the country should be passed i out the ��� nf t,](, tim0 ���f Moses_
by the present Parliament. It is C1,,.tili���  that the bagpipe was in i
5  At any re-adjustment of the repre- { u8e amo    the Hftbrow8 and (1,(!0ks, and ��
senation of the country we are of opinion   it is supposed the Romans   borrowed it   FISH     AND    CAME
that the present number o   representa-1 frmn the jatter>   The Groeka ,oar|u,d |t9 i r I o n    ������   v. m ivi e.
tives,  33,   Is  tho  outside   limit for  the'
present representation of our white population.
Found, etc., of not more t
space. $1.00 for three insertions.
BEADING Notices���20 cents per line, each insertion, unless otherwise contracted for.
Births, Marriages and Deaths���50 cents.
New Westminster. B, O.
��he  yactftc   GtintaMcm.
An Important public meeting was held
at Kamloops on the Snd of October.
There was an unusually large attendance, and the present political situation
was thoroughly discussed by the various
speakers.   Judging from the reports to I borrowed for
hand concerning this meeting, it appears j ing fund of l per cent, per annum would
be set aside.    This   amount,  together
exception was taken, was SiiS
$75,000 had, without objection, been
voted for a lire-proof laud registry ollice
the year before, and formed part of the
total estimate of 8000,000. The existing
buildings, erected ill early colonial days,
with a framework and foundation of
wood, veneered with brick, had exceeded
their life, and were insufficient for the
public requirements, and new buildings
of some kind were a necessity. Victoria
was the capital and gateway of the Province, the lirst port of call for the increasing lines of stamers from the Orient and
the Australias. Tumbledown shacks, or
mean buildings there, would afford an
index for the rest of the Province. As
public buildings had lo be erected, tlie
Government had decided that what was
worth doing at all was worth doing well,
and to erect building which would be a
credit to the Province. In raising tlie
amount ol' 8800,000, which would be
term of 50 years, a sink-
in round numbers, the Si,OOO.OOO loan,
netted the Province only 8800.000. As
already explained, British Columbia
threes had advanced to 02 or 03. Hence,
any future borrowing, as explained by
Mr. Vernon, will be cheaper still���II J.f,or
in that neighborhood.    So the large dis
ci. That this Convention calls the attention of the electors to the fact that
as our present Legislature is not fairly
representative of the people, it has no
more right to legislate for them, and
further that it is pledged to readjust the
tho representation; vet, iu the faco of
these facts, the Premier of  tlie Province
countoflT perconlhad served the purpose : has publicly declared it to be the inten
of placing British Columbia stock on the 1 tion of the Government to build certain
market, and in  future  transactions tlie  railways at the cost of the  people, and
reasonably clear ��� that the Government
side fairly carried the audience. Hon.
Mr. Davie, there is no doubt, made a
masterly address, which Impressed the
people of Kamloops very favorably. The
political sentiment of the locality has
been heretofore fairly divided between
the Government and its opponents, but,
as elsewhere, there is an apparent reaction In favor of existing authority, and
for reasons not far to seek, the strength
of the Mainland Opposition movement is
slowly but surely passing away. Itcould
hardly be otherwise in a law-abiding and
conservative com 111 unity.
The com prehensfveness of Mr. Davie's
speech is noteworthy, lie reviewed the
the whole circumstances of the
Province, and dealt with thoso matters in dispute so clearly and so candidly
with the interest, amounted to the yearly sura of 835,384, payable in 50 years, at
the end of whicli time the debt will be
extinguished. This amount distributed
throughout the Province would not appreciably increase taxation, nor be felt
in any way; tho appropriations for public works would be unaffected.
"lie had been told by some one who
had met him that day that the Government were spending all the public money
on Vancouver Island. He would quote a
few figures. During M years last passed
the amount expended upon public institutions, education, roads,streets,bridges and
wharves, upon Vancouver Island, had
been 81,005,430, upon the Mainland it
had been 52.877,773, or well  011  towards
Province would have the benefit of it.
As to Mr. Kitchen's contention that the
Parliament buildings were wrongly placed because they might be blown to
smithereens by a hostile gunboat, all he
had to say was that the rest of the Province would be in a pitiable plight If ever
an Invading force passed Esqulmalt. lie
had not claimed that the buildings would
be an advertisement for Victoria. What
he had said was, that situated as they
were: right in the gateway of Ilie Province, they would afford a splendid Indication of its prosperity and stability.
As for the assertion that the Province
had every year since 1887 exceeded its
revenue, there Is no point in that, because the money which bad been borrowed had been raised for the express purpose of being used In excess of revenue
so as to prosecute works for development.
Such a policy will be necessary, and the
Government can well afford to pursue
the same course for some time whilst the
credit of the country is in the favorable
condition to which tlie Government has
raised it. The Government cannot, of
course, open up every road and needed
development at once, but they would
lose no time���and the expenditure of tlie
Parliament buildings would not stand in
I the way. Mr. Davie referred to tbo
Capital buildings at Ottawa,  contracted
make a present of them to unknown
parties, masquerading as railway companies. This Convention affirms that ,
any railway built wholly or in greater
part by public money, should be, tlie
property of tin' public and should be
kept free from promoters' fees and per- !
7. That the representation should be
divided into three classes, each having a
ratio of population to a member of Its
own. the classes being, first, city constituencies; second, districts contiguous
to cities; third, rural outlying districts.
Ill the evening a public meeting was
held, at which Messrs. Cotton and Brown
spoke at length from the Opposition
point of view, and, no doubt, acquitted
themselves creditably. No Government
speakers wore present, and the meeting
was not a largo one.
All things considered, the Opposition
can scarcely hope to reap any benefit
from tho Convention. Indeed, the Immediate prospect is decidedly weakening.
\ use from   the  CeHic   races  with   whom
1 they eanio in contact, the music, of the
pipe having always had a peculiar fas-
dilation for the Celts.
In Its primitive state the  instrument
consisted of a simple chanter and drone
with bag attached.    The pipo called the 1
chanter is a kind of oboe, a tubo with [
eight holes, and is handled like that in-1
I striimeut.       The drones are pipes that j
sound each only one continuous low note. !
Tbe music proceeds from the chanter
: and drones, whose  mouthpieces are in-
j serted In a leather bag, which the player
Inflates   by   blowing   with   liis   mouth
through a tube, tbe wind being   forced >
out by pressing the bag under  the  arm.!
During tlie sixteenth century another
drone   was  added,   and   from the early
part  of the eighteenth century till the
present time   all   Scotch   bagpipes have ;
had  three drones.
Tho music played on the bagpipes is
called the pibroch, and has a, wonderful power in exciting the martial instincts <
and hilarity of tlie Scotch Highlander, j
To 1111 American Its rhythm is so Irregular, and Its notes in stirring pieces appear to he so jumbled Unit lie can hardly
reconcile his ears to them, but those who
understand pipe music affect to discover
iu a well-composed pibroch the Imitative
sounds of march, conflict and pursuit,
and all the movements of a desperate
Although not the most tuneful of instruments, no sound, however melodious,
can thrill tho hearts of Highlanders,
whether Scottish, Swedish or Indian, like
a burst Of their, own wild native pipes.
On tlie battlefield it has animated those
who   followed it to the inteusest  frenzy
SHIPPING. HOTELS and FAMILIES supplied at lowest prices.
All kinds of FURS and SKINS purchased;
highest prloes glvon.
Warehouse and Store���Front Street.
Telephone No. li.
Freezer, Ice House. &o.���-Lulu Island.
I', o. Box MO.
O BALED TENDERS, endorsed "Now
O    Pari!
Complaint is being made of the shooting of pheasants on Lulu Island.   The
liaineut Buildings, Victoria,
Contract No. 2,'' will be received by tlie
Honorable Chief Commissioner of Lands
and Works up to one o'clock p.m. of
Thursday, 30th November, 1803, lor the
when all Other music has been drowned I several trades required in tlie erection of
! by the confusion and carnage of the new Parliament Buildings at .lames Bay,
! scene it has been borne Into the thickest! Victoria, B.C.. viz.:���
1. The excavator, mason and brick-
as to  leave  little   for   the   subsequent
speakers to enlarge upon, or to find fault I other way.   Still, every Government had
with.    Tho Inland Sentinal,   published at  conceded the rightof the .Mainland to far
Kamloops, a journal inclined to tlie Opposition cause, appears to have caught
double. The relative white populations, I for by Upper and Lower Canada at an
! as shown by the amended census returns, j expense of 80,000.000. Has anyone, said
, whicli   the  Government    bad  secured,
showed .Mainland, 37.293; Island, 27.007.
a difference of a little over 0.000. It was ; penditure had to be met with money bor-
! only of recent-years  that  the Mainland 1 rowed upon far less favorable terms than
population has exceeded Vancouver Is-1 we are borrowing. So far from the Go-
; land,  at one time tlie excess was the | vernnient having neglected New West-
he, claimed successfully that the money ! t,       shou]d  bo storn|y  prosecuted.   If
was not wisely expended?   And that ex-1 .,.,��,       ,.
not carefully protected the few breeding
of the light, where its followers could be
game guardians should Inquire into the j always found struggling fiercely to its
matter, and If the culprits are discovered
larger expenditure than the Island, irrespective of population, and properly
so. on account of its much greater area.
The Government had never proceeded
upon toe principle of dividing the expenditure according to tbe population;
had it done so great injustice would have
been done the Mainland. Take the estimates for the last year, for instance.
The grant for roads, streets and bridges
upon tlie Mainland was 8159,500, upon
Vancouver Island   it  was $50,000,    For
ilnster district in the matter of appropriations during the four years from
June, 1888, to Juno. 1898, there had been
expended in public institutions, education, roads, streets, bridges and wharves,
works and buildings and surveys in New
Westminster district 8331,145, and in
New Westminster city, 8388,470.
tho force of the Premier's reasoning, and
in its editorial columns says that: "The
" Premier may congratulate himself up-
" on tho success of  the meeting called
" by him on Monday  evening last, for
" although  the   feelings   of   the   large
" gathering appeared  pretty evenly di-
" vided, there can be no doubt that ere
" the meeting broke up, bis explanation
"of the policy of the Government and [ it was 810,900.     For surveys the Main  .
I land estimate was $48,000, and the Island j attendance was very small, and some of
83,000. Upon education the Mainland j the best districts in tlie Province wero
got 8110,020; upon Vancouver Island, 1 entirely unrepresented. That can be no
878,820.    Upon  hospitals and   asylums, | representtttiye gathering of British, Cor
ing birds will soon be destroyed, which
would be a grievous matter to true sportsmen, and, indeed, to the general public,
who hope within a few years to see the
settled districts of tho Mainland coast
well stocked with theso beautiful birds.
It may not ahvays be judicious to severe-
lavers' work.
strange, weird notes. .,. T|���, carpenter and joiner's work.
And not only on  the battle field, but j        3. The slaters and plasterer's work.
on their return from foreign campaigns, |        4. The coppersmith's work.
It has welcomed them back to the home ",. The smith and ironfounder's work.
of their loved ones and the hills of their I        (i. The plumber's work.
nativity In strains that recalled the mem- ���        7. The painter's work.
ories  of   the   past   as   no  other music .    Tenders will bo received for any one
colll<1 <l0- trade or for the whole work.
Many remarkable instances have been 1 The plans, details, etc., as prepared by
j recorded of the effect of the pibroch on \ F. M. Kattenbiiry. Architect, can be
i the Highlanders of Scotland. When seen at the office of the undersigned on
j they marched across the dessert sands of ; or after Monday, October lilth. 1803, and
[Egypt, beneath the burning sun. under ! complete quantities clearly describing the
! command  of Sir Ralph Abercronibie, at 1 whole of  the work can  be  obtained on
The meeting of Constitutional League
delegates at Kamloops last Tuesday, wa
Each tender must be accompanied by
an accopted bank cheque equal to two
buildings and schools the Mainland grant j as  suggested   in   the CANADIAN  a  few
was .581,300, and upon Vancouver Island j weekg ag0_ a discouraging failure.    The
" his proof that they had kept their pro-
" mises, seemed to convince most of
" thoso present: and tho acrid feeling
" with which many came to the meeting
" was considerably modified and ��� iu
" many cases removed. The meeting was
" a large one, and may  be  looked upon
tbe Mainland receives $41,550, and tho
Island 810,300, showing these totals:
Mainland, .'5132,270: Island, 8104,420;
total, .5590,000. A per capita division of
this sum, according to the white popula-
" also as a thoroughly representative j tion of the amended census, 05,200,
"one; and  it is  a pleasure to say that would give $9.14  per bead, or upon  tho
.        ,  i basis of 37,203 to tlie Mainland,  and 27,-
" it was thoroughly orderly and good-
" humored. The speakers on both sides
" were accorded a patient and attentive
" hearing, and no complaint can be
" urged tbat both sides had not a fair
" opportunity given them of expound-
" ing their different policies. Tbe Pre-
" mier. as will be seen in the report of
" the meeting published elsewhere iu
'" this paper, gave a very clear and cotn-
'" prehensive account of the acts of the
"Government, and their reasons for the
"' same, and evidently proved to the
"larger poitlon of the audience that
" many of the charges made against the
"Government were without foundation.
997 to the Island, 8340,853 to the Mainland, and 8255,832 to the Island, instead
of tlie existing division of 8432,270 and
$164,430.   The separation petition alleges
iinibia where .districts such as Surrey,
Delta. Richmond, all of Vancouver Island, Cariboo, Coquitlam, Burnaby,
Chilliwack, and so forth, are not heard.
Even of those delegates in attendance,
there is reason to beliove the majority
represented no one but themselves. Tbo
Hat Creek delegate was chosen by two
voters,  assisted  by Mr. Kitchen.    Tho
ly prosecute Infringements of game and
lish laws, but in thecaso of the imported j the beginning  of th'o   present century, j payment of 820 for each  trade.     Thi
pheasant tho case is different,  and if a j weary, footsore, short of water, the pipo sum will be returned to the contractors
few examples were mado of inoonsider- i 8truce up "Lochaber No More."     Tears j nn receipt of a bona,fide tender.
,     . ,,.       u ,     ,     ...   ,   ' filled the eves of many  stern soldiers as
ate person.-, who deliberately shoot birds    lu,])|ajntivo m(,,ody  m|(,(1 th(, ai|.   ,u|d
intended for breeding,   the  treatment  first one and then another faltered in the
I would be approved of by the community,   march and lagged bobiiid.
i. Ono of the officers, on noting tbo men
falling out, ordered the pipers to play
the "Cameron's Gathering." The tune
worked like magic. The stirring memories of a thousand years were aroused,
tho stragglers fell into line again, tho
ranks wero closed, and all marched resolutely forward to victory.���Kate Field's
i of the revenue and the Island one-third.
j Assuming this to be a fact, it  would be
1 allowed that the Government had not al-
J lotted Vancouver Island one-third of the
1 expenditures, or anything   like  it.    The,
Government  had  dealt and   would deal
with the Province as a whole,  according
to the best interests of tho  whole country.      The figures he had quoted wore a
conclusive answer  lo  those who alleged
partiality   towards   Vancouver   Island.
For the Shuswap & okanagan  Railway,
and   the  Nakusp  &  Slocan,   the traffic
bridge across  the  Fraser at New  West-
Scntinel'sreport, which are well deserving
of careful perusal, and which, with what
has already appeared in tbe columns of
the Canadian, will give our readers a
very fair presentment of the Government's position on tlie various matters
now exercising the people. Touching
the finances of the Province, Mr. Davie
"As beforo roniarkod,   the Government In all Its enterprises, wore not un-
duly burdening the country, nor imperil-  chllllwaok banquet
ling Its credit    It   Is  quite  evident that
the Financial World takes  the same view,
and has every confidence In tbo way in
which the Government is managing tlie
finances of  the   country.      Investors lu
Government securities watch clusely the
financial methods of a Government, and
if those methods are reckless or ill-advised, public confidence Is withdrawn, and
tlie stock of that Government falls in
price. But witli British Columbia how
was It? When the lasl loan was floated
the Province was in tlrt: proud position of
finding its securities, its British Columbia 3 per conts., ranking third
amongst the colonial securities of the
world, that of the Dominion of Canada
being first, the colony of Ceylon second,
and British Columbia  third.    Contrast
that the Mainland contributes two-thircs ! Vancouver delegates refused to attend,
barring the illustrious Twigge. who has
done more harm to the Opposition cause
than any other one man could do. G. F.
Walker, from Chllllwack, must have appointed himself, for at the mooting there
to select delegates, Mr. Kitchen In tho
chair, it was decided bv a vote of three
lo one not to appoint any. The full list
of delegates is given In the Neios-Adrer-
User as follows: VV. B. Cornoek, Langley;
('. J. Sim, Matsqui; Norman -McLeod.
Spalluinacbeen; D. O'Hara, Ashcroft; T. j
Seward, Lytton; A. Postill, .Mission Val-
ley; I). McLaren. Kettle River: Thomas
Boadley and .1. T. Edwards, Kamloops;
Robert Carson, Pavillion: William Walker, Hal Creek: E. Dougherty, Clinton;
J. Twigge, Vancouver City; James Johnson and George Kennedy, Westminster
City; G. W. Walker, Chilliwack. There
were also present the so-called Independent members, namely: Messrs, Cotton, Brown, Kitchen, Sword, Foster and
While the meeting was In no souse
representative, It was nevertheless of
proper quality to do th�� work Intended
for It, and It is needless to sav no valuable time was taken up In illuminating
debates. The business of the meeting
was the passing of a series of prepared
resolutions,  constituting a platform  for
Savs the Victoria Timet' representative
at the Kamloops Convention : " The
original object of the convention���the
division of tbe Province���bad no advocate among the delegates, and there is
a very general feeling that it was a mistake to exclude Island Oppositionists
from the meeting." Certainly it was a
mistake, but In real truth the Constitutional League-Opposition.was constituted
of mistakes from the beginning. Tho
combination started off bad, and in
solemn conclave it has been sot aside as
unworkable. The political partlos of
01 British Columbia now consist of: The
Government party, representing tlie
whole Province; the Island Opposition,
representing the Vancouver Island section; and the Mainland Opposition, representing the Mainland section. Comment is needless.
The belief, for some time current on
Kootcnay Star: Now that Slocan ore is at
last being shipped out via the Columbia
river and Revelstoke, the plea put forward by the smelter company���that the
amount of oreobtainable was Insufficient
to keep the smelter in operation���will no
longer hold good. With tlie completion
of the Nakusp and Slocan Railway to
Three Forks, tlie present output will
probably be increased ten-fold, and if
Revelstoke Smelter Co, were not blind to
their own interests they would at once
set about putting the smelter in repair
and endeavor to divert a portion, at least,
of the stream of silver now passing their
doors. By doing so they will go far to
remove the stigma which now attaches
to the company���of having built merely
to obtain  the Government grant of 300
.acres of   townsitn land.     Mine owners
the  lower  Fraser,  that  the   people   of  WOuld 00 doubt  prefer to pay 83 or 84 a
minster, and other enterprises on the
"and that their policy had been Fair Mainland, tho Oovemuient had engaged
"and equable to the Province goner-; the public revenues and credits to the
11 a|]y," j extent of millions, In comparison with
���. 1    f ,1     1 ,���  which tho expenditure upon tlie Parlla-
Of course, In a speech of the Character I    en, ,i|i(J povMornment bund|uga Was in-
delivered by .Mr.  Davie, reference had ; significant.'
necessarily to be made to subjects al- In regard to the redistribution nieas-
ready fully treated of 011 _ former occa- I ure, Hon. Mr. Davie went at length Into
sions. From his latest utterances, how- an ample explanation of the grounds for
ever, we select a few extracts from the  not bringing  in  the bill  at the last ses
sion of the Legislature. Tho Canadian
considers this a matter of small consequence, and, indeed, it is now so looked
upon by almost tlie entire population of
British Columbia. The point of real and
unqualified Importance Is Unit a just and
equitable measure of redistribution shall
be passed at the session now approaching, and on this point tlie leader of the
Government had already committed his
party In uncqulvlcal language, at tho
At Kamloops the
pledge was renewed In the same terms,
that "the promise which had at lirst
" been given would not be departed
���" from, and that lu redistributing the
" seats, the balance of power theory
'��� would be cast aside altogether, and a
" fair measure of redistribution Intro-
" duced."
Chilliwack are preeminently supporters
of the Mainland Opposition, and thatMr.
Kitchen is held by them iu exceptionally
high esteem, must be {or over set aside.
As time passes it becomes more and moro
i evident that the late banquet to Hon.
Mr. Davie, at Chilliwack, was a genuine
outburst of popular sentiment, and that
the good people of the valley Intended to
manifest thereby their change of ideas
regarding Provincial politics. Respecting the Chilliwack delegate to tho late
Convention, the following, from tho
Progress, published In tlie town, may bo
accopted as the correct story:
ton to Revelstoke
than $11 a ton to San
per cent, on tlie amount of each trade
tendered for, whicli will be retained as
part security for the due performance of
the work. The cheque will bo returned
to unsuccessful competitors, but will he
forfeited by any bidder who may decline
to execute a contract if called upon to
do so.
The lowest or any tender  not necessarily accepted.
Deputy Commissioner of Lands
and Works.
Lands and Works Department,
Victoria, B.C., September 28th, 1803.
Importer and Manufacturer of
Harness, Saddles, Etc.
New York, Oct. 11. ��� Advices from
Rome are to the effect -that the Pope
has completed the ���preparation of the encyclical upon which he has been engaged
for several weeks, and in which lie impresses upon Roman Catholics the necessity of earnest devotion to tho "most
holy rosary." The document will rank
among the most Important issued by tho
Pope in several years. It is also announced that the consistory, which was
to have been hold during tho first week
in December, has boon Indlflnitely postponed, owing to the fact that all the
documents relating to matters to bo considered by tho body, including those hav-
A meeting was hold on Saturday in tho Ing reference to the nomination of arch
exhibition building, according to adver-1 bishops and bishops, were destroyed by
tlsoments, to appoint a delegate to rep-! the recent lire In the Caffarelli palace,
resent Chilliwack at the Convention of and in which the papal auditor, Arch-
tlie Constitutional League, soon to take bishop Pausti, had his. ollice and resl-
place at Kamloops. Reeve Kitchen took [ donee apartments,
the chair, and stated the object for which
tills meeting was culled, and objects
sought by the league. lie tried to beat
t Into the heads of his audience that tin
the Mainland Opposition,  all of which | Convention  at  Kamloops was to be 11011-
were passed "unanimously," of course,
that being the calculation. The platform itself bears token of past folly;
otherwise It Is In much the same strain as
Opposition platforms usually arc. The
following Is the text of It,
1. Resolved, that this meeting of delegates of  the  Mainland  Convention, as-
As necessary to a full understanding , SOmbled at Kamloops, send greeting
political, but his hearers evidently could
not see the point.
Chicago, Oct. 0.���It has been decided
to-day that the Viking Is to leave Chicago by the way of the canal into the I
Illinois river, passing St. Louis and Now I
Orleans, and proceeding round the const
to   Boston, where  she  will  arrive   next
It was  moved  by Guy  Walker,  and  8Prln?'   Clll't.  Andersen  states that ho
of the Government's position, we take
the following from Mr. Davie's remarks
In foply to Messrs. Kitchen and Setnlin,
the Opposition speakers:
*   ��   ��    " As for the statement of Mr.
Scmlin, that 8200.000 only went toward'
this with tlie condition  of the  Province i the development of the country, the facts
not, many years ago, when a loan was
witli difficulty floated tit <i pel' cent; or a
little further buck and considerably less
than 20 year:' age, when, to borrow 830,-
000 at s per cent, the Government bad
to pay a broker a commission of 8000, or
were thai the vote lust year gave 8181
855 for education other than school
buildings; 8130,600 for buildings Including schools; 880,000 for surveys; 8815,000
for roads, streets, and bridges, and 88S.-
4Lis for miscellaneous, a total of 8008j858,
the inhabitants of Vancouver Island and
cordially invites them to unite with us
In our demands for justice, economical
and responsible government.
2. Whereas, a petition has' been presented to tho Governor-General, praying! was |,,
Ills Excelloncj to veto the act author-'
��� .! i' the building of now Parliament
Buildings so that the same will have no
force or effect until aud unless It bo assented 10 by a majority of members of
n House, fairly representative of the
peoplo of the Province, resolved that this
Convention hereby expresses Its  Warm
seconded by Coun. Smith, thai Coun. A.
S. Vedder be appointed delegate, which
motion was lost bv a large majority.
Aftor others had expressed thoir opinions, L. W. Paisley moved, and Coun.
Atkinson seconded, that tills meeting is
of opinion that It Is in tlie best Interest
of Chilliwack, that no delegate be appointed, which was carried by an overwhelming majority, after which tho
meeting adjourned.
After the dofeat of the league meeting
on Saturday a hole-and-corner meeting
In Guy Walker's store, at which
live were present, and appointed Mr.
Walker as delegate to the Kamloops
would rather spend tlie winter down Hie
Mississippi and the Gulf of Mexico, than
let the ship stay In Lake Michigan.
Capt. Anderson will, on his arrival at
Boston next spring, visit tbe different
places of Interest lu Viueland, connected with Leif Hrleksou and liis followers,
voyagers to this country lu the tenth
century. Tho Viking will then start for
Norway, whoro the captain hopes to
arrive on May 17th, tho Norwogian day
of independence.
Milwaukee, Wis., Oct. 0.���It is learned
here that an application will be made to
the United States Court in Chicago tomorrow morning  to  appoint  a  receiver
for the Chicago and Northern   Pacific
} Railway.    Tho  attorneys say_ thero Is
The telephone lino between Nelson and , no doubt  the receivers of the 'Northern
Kaslo has been sold to the Canadian Pa-  Pacific Railway, Messrs.  Oakes, Rouse
cllic Co. for 83,200 cash. I and Payne, will be appointed.
547 Front St., New Westminster.
Manufacturer of
Mineral Water,
Etc., Ere.
Factor}' in rear of Oily Brewery.
Cunningham St., New Westminster, B.C. 31
Cholera Blots.
Hamburg, Oct. 10.���Another fatal riot
occurred last night in St. Paul, a suburb
of this city, growing out of tbe attempts
Of the sanitary officers to enforce the j
regulations for the prevention of the |
spread of cholera. As in the previous
riot, when a policeman was brutally
kicked and stamped to death, tho scene
of last night's trouble was in one of the
districts of the village inhabited entirely by the poor and ignorant classes, who
seem to have a horror of beinu compelled |
to observe cleanliness and the ordinary j
sanitary regulations. When tbe sanitary officials attempted to put extraor-
dinary regulations in force, trouble at
once resulted. Tho sanitary officers
were accompanied by a number of police-
men, but tbe presence of the hitter had j
no effect upon the violence of the mob
that quickly gathered when it became
known that the sanitary officers were
about. The mob made a descent in force
upon the police, storming them and using
clubs. Tbe policemen were unable to
quell the rioting, in fact they could
make no attempt to do so, being compelled to fight desperately to protect
themselves from the fury of the rioters. ;
While some of the mob thus engaged the
police, others devoted themselves to the !
furious onslaught upon the sanitary of-
licers. One of tbe latter was captured
by the mob. His comrades could make no
attempt to rescue him, as they had all
thev could do to defend themselves. The
officer in the hands of the mob was
struck on the head with a large stone
and knocked to the ground. Then the
mob jumped on him and kicked him
about the head and body until life was
extinct. In the meantime the crowd had
succeeded in knocking a policeman down
and he too soon met his death. The rioters, with liendish delight, kicked bis face
until it was a pulp. Even after he was
dead some of the mob danced upon his
body. Tho light was waging desperately, with the odds in favor of iho mob,
when a detachment of troops who had
been hastily despatched to the scene arrived. The officer In command of the
troops ordered the mob to disperse, but
they paid no attention to the command
and continued their attack upon the policemen and Banftary officers. An order
was given lor the troops to lix bayonets
and when the gleaming steel bayonets
were fastened to the rifles the soldiers
were ordered to charge the mob. With
bayonets lowered they moved forward on
the double quick, and the rioters, seeing
the bristling wall of steel advancing upon them, attempted to disperse in short
order. They ran in every direction, save
in the direction of the troops, aud disappeared in alley ways and the doorways
of the tumble-down tenements with whicli
the district is filled. Many of them,
however, were not quick enough to escape the police, who began to chase them
the moment they saw the crowd beginning to break up. At least a dozen of
the mob were arrested. The bodies of
the policeman and tbe sanitary officer
were taken to the police station.
What every Man is worth.
An interesting exhibit at the national
museum shows the physical ingredients
which go to make up the average man
weighing 154 pounds, says tlie American
Analyst. A large glass jar holds the
ninety-six pounds of water which his
body contains. In other receptacles, are
three pounds of white of egg, a little less
than ten pounds of pure glue���without
whicli it would be impossible to keep
body ami soul together���four and one-
half pounds of fat, eight and one-fourth
pounds of phosphate of lime, one pound
of carbonate of lime, three ounces of
sugar and starch, seven ounces of fluoride of calcium, six ounces of phosphate
of magnesia and a little ordinary table
salt. Divided up into his primary chemical elements, the same man is found to
contain ninety-seven pounds of oxygen-
enough to take up under ordinary asmos-
pheric pressure, the space of a room 10
feet long, 10 feet wide and 10 feet high.
His body also contains fifteen pounds of
hydrogen, whicli, under the same conditions, would occupy somewhat more
than iwo such rooms as that described
To these must be added three pounds and
thirteen ounces of nitrogen. The carbon
in the corpus of the individual referred
to is represented by a foot cube of coal,
it ought to be a diamond of the same
size, because tlie stone is pure carbon,
but the national museum has not such a
one in its possession. A row of bottles
contain the other elements going to make
up tlie man. These are four ounces of
Chlorine, three and one-half ounces of
fluorine, eight ounces of phosphorus,
three and one-half ounces of brimstone,
two and one-half ounces of sodium, two
and one-half ounces of potassium, one-
tenth of an ounce of iron, two ounces of
magnesium and three pounds and thirteen ounces of calcium. Calcium, at
present market rates, is worth 8300 an
ounce, so that llieaniountof itcontaineil
in one ordinary human body lias a money
value of SlS.:u)0. Few of our fellow
citizens realize that they are worth so
much intrinsically.
First Train Load of Ore.
Two years ago the Nelson depot was
the scene of a striking event. It was
when the first crowd of pioneers struck
out for the Slocan. Two flat cars were
loaded with canoes, boats and supplies;
and anions the prospectors were men
whose names have since been Identified
with some of the biggest mines in tbe
Slocan. The whole population turned
out to wish them godspeed.
The scene at the depot on Tuesday afternoon was not, perhaps, so stirring or
so romantic, but it was none the less
significant for the future of the country.
OukTuesday, for the first time, all the
available carrying space on the road was
loaded to its full capacity with ore.
The shipment comprised 00.000 pounds
of ore from the llluebird mine, 33,000
pounds from the Uardenelles, and 213,-
000 pounds from the Noble Five, or 153
tons in all. The approximate value of
this one ore shipment is 825,000. it
will be followed by a shipment of from
40 to 00 tons from the Washington, as
well as the before mentioned mines, and
later by continuous shipments from the
Mountain Chief, and before the snow
flics many other prospects will bo In a I
position to add their share. Fifteen
hundred tons has up till now been actually booked iu addition to 500 tons
which bus been shipped during the last
three weeks, lint there is little doubt
that 15,000 tons is a small estimate of
tlie amount that will lie actually produced during the coining winter. Tlie
Canadian Pacific will have its resources
ill tbe West Kootcnay taxed lo the uttermost to handle this freight, lint
the attention of the coin puny has at last
been aroused to tlie possibilities of the
ore traffic, and in consequence will make
a supreme effort to keep communication
open, at least, during a part of tlie win-
tor. The road from Revelstoke will be
built to the mouth of the Illeslllowaet
within the next 3d days, and it is maintained Hint this will keep eommunication
open till well on in the season.
Tho rate of Sll a ton from Kaslo to
San Francisco allows a fair profit
to road. Tbe Columbia and Kootcnay
Steam Navigation Co. gets SI.50 a ton
for the haul from Kaslo to Nelson and
SI.50 from Robson to Revelstoke. Tbe
freight can be carried very cheaply from
Revelstoke to the coast, and when the
Canadian Pacific gets its projected system in West Kootcnay in working order
it will probably lie able to handle the ore
even more cheaply than at present.
Contracts are being let now to haul
ore from the mines to Kaslo for Slii a
ton just as soon as the. sleighing bngins.
This rate, together with the Sll rate to
San Francisco, will effect such a reduction in cost of transportation tbat it
will be much more profitable to mine
silver In West Keotenay this year than
last, in spite of the fall in the price of
silver. Everything points to the fact
that the country is on the eve of a tremendous advance, an advance not caused by an inrush of investors, and their
attendant train of boomers, but based
upon the solid foundation of a large output of wealth. Oil timers might well
think when they saw Tuesday's ore laden
cars and realized what effect, the large
returns from so many and various mines
must have on the outside world, that
West Kootenay, having fought a long,
up-hill light against the forces of ignorance and prejudice and the natural difficulties of her position, had at last,
just when everything looked darkest,
conquered the situation, and stood confessed as tbe great silver-producing country of the North American continent.���
Nelson Tribune.
M hers were the Police '/
At 8 o'clock on Tuesday morning, in a
well-known down-town drinkcry, in tlie
presence of a large and select audience,
an Englishman and a German, large,
powerful men, discarded their outer garments, and squared off for tho settlement
of a burning grudge, A referee and other
officials were duly chosen and the men
warned tbat foul play would be actively
resented by the spectators. Ry mutual
agreement gloves were dispensed with,
and the men threw up their big, bony
lists, ready for the call of time. It was
a delightfully bloody business from the
start, and the spectators were simply enchanted throughout the whole entertainment. The German would knock the
Englishman down; then the Englishman
would batter the German until the blood
spurted again. Tlie bare knuckles cut
like meat axes, and the countenances of
the two combatants soon looked like
fresh-killed beef. Thirteen rounds of
tliis sort of thing glutted tlie spectators,
for none of them seemed sorry when the
Englishman came out of his corner like
a baited bull lu an Anduliisian bull-ring,
rushed at bis foe and smashed him down
withhorrid,blood-splashing blows putting
the determined Doutscher hors do combat, and ending one of the most ferocious
man-fights that ever took place in tills
city. Two famished wolves could not
have fought more savagely over a morsel
of food than those two Christians over a
difference of opinion.��� Victoria Tunes.
Madrid, Oct. s,���In the last three days
thero have been 104 fresh cases of cholera, and 41 deaths, In the Provlnco of
Rlscay, whose capital is Rllboa.
Concerning Chewing Gum,
The origin of chewing gum may he
:- traced indirectly back to the time when
��� contenders in manly sports in the amphitheatres kept their mouths from parch-
; inn by chewing tlie leaves of plants
whicli were capable ol producing an in-
J creased flow of saliva; but the modern
'. chewing gum, with all its alleged benefits
} and its various flavors, i- strictly a pro-
: duct of the present aggressive age.
The medicinal value of chewing gum
of any kind may well be expected to be
slight. Aside from its employment In
some cases as a sialogogue, or saliva producer, it is likely to become positively
harmful if persistently used.
We may,  perhaps,  excuse its use by
public speakers and singers,   and  by all
l those whose throats are exposed to the ir-
j ritation of constant use, as by means of
it tho throat may bo kept moist and free
from irritation, but even then It is doubt-
i fill  whether other  methods  would  not
j prove quite as officious without being so
harmful to the digestive system.
It is easy to explain why the digestive
system is likely to be injured by the persistent use of chewing gum. One of the
chief functions of the saliva is to stimulate by its presence in the stomach an
increased flow of the gastric juices. Rut
: the increased flow of saliva induced by
constant chewing is generally thrown
Into an empty stomach. This explains
the gnawing tbat persons unaccustomed
to the use of gum experience after chewing It for a while. There Is no food for
tbe gastric juices to work upon, and so,
of course, an artificial appetite is set up.
This might be turned to account In
somo phases of indigestion, if It were not
for the suplimentary fact that thu saliva which comes from prolonged stimulation Is always Inferior In quality in direct
proportion to Its increased amount. And
not only Is this superficial saliva weakened In Its power of stimulating the gastric juices, hut another Important function, that of changing starches to sugar,
Is correspondingly Interfered with to a
great degree.
Then, again, we must not forget the
frothy condition of saliva produced by
the chewing of gum, nor full to appreciate the uncomfortable and even harmful
results of forcing such quantities of air
into the stomach, disorganizing Us working.��� Youth's Companion.
Tim Editor's Dream,
I would from tlie cltv's rule and law���
from Its fashions  and   forms out loose���
and go where  tho  strawberry  grows on
Its straw and  the  gouseberry  grows on
its goose; where the catnip tree is climbed  by  tho cat  as  she  clutches for her
prey, the guileless and unsuspecting rat
on tlie rattan bush at play.   1 will watch
with ease, the saffron cow and thecowlet
In their  glee,   as  they   leap In joy from
bough   to   bough   On   top of a  cowslip
tree, and list while the partridge drums
, in tho wood and   the  dog  devours  the
dogwood   plum   In   prlmalive   solitude.
' Oil  lot me drink   from the moss-grown
| pump that was  hewn from the pumpkin
1 tree���oat mush and drink from a rural
1 stump in  form  and  fashion free���new
gathorod mush from the mushroom vino
and milk from the milkweed sweet���with
luclons pineapples  from  the pine���such
food as the gods might eat!    And then
to   the   whitewashed   dairy   I'll   turn,
where the dairymaid hastening hies, her
ruddy  and  golden-red butter to churn i
from the milk from the butterflies.   And
I'll   rise  at  morn with the earliest bird, j
to   the   fragrant  farmyard   pass,   and |
watch while  the farmer turns his herd
of grasshoppers out to grass.���The News-
paper Man.
Beer Consumption.
The Paris Temps publishes some interesting particulars with regard to the j
quantity of beer which is now brewed in
Europe;the figures given representing the
average of the last live or six years. Ac-
cording to these figures, the total quantity brewed is 3,105.000,000 gallons,
Germany coming first with a production
of 1,071,066,108 gallons, of which 644,-
752.505 gallons are brewed In North Ger-
many, 344.830.805 gallons' in Bavaria,
70.053,750 gallons In Wnrtemberg. 56.- j
445,840 gallons In Radon and 17,083.305
gallons in Alsace-Lorraine.
Great Britain comes next, with a total
of  874,102.275   gallons,   while   Austria- j
Hungary is third, with  a total of 308,-1
880,075. while France follows with about
888,000,000 gallons each.
These are the only countries in which
the production reaches 100,000,000 gallons: but relatively to their population.
Denmark with 49,188,000 gailons brewed,
and Norway with 88,304,000, have a
much larger production than most of the
others. Hut Russia, with Its vast area
und large population, produces only 65.-:
802.87(1 gallons, while the quantity of
beer produced In other countries Is:
Switzerland, 26.604.405 gallons: Spain,
23.1162.500 gallons: Turkey, 3,150.000
gallons; Italy, 3,000,365 gallons; Rou-
inunia, 2,225,000 gallons; Luxemburg
and Servla. 2,002,500 gallons each, and |
Greece, 150,345 gallons.
The  Temps   adds   that  tho  average j
quantity of beer brewed out of Europe is j
830.668.815 in the United States, 36,258,-
040 in Australia and 4.060,020 In Japan.
The Position at Rio.
New   York,   Oct.   11. ���The   Herald's
Montevideo cable says: "Tbe fact that
the    bombardment   still   continues   is
thought here to be due either to a oer-
: lidious  breach of   promise  on   the part
; of Admiral Mello, or what is more likely, to the fact that President Poixoto lias
refused, as he said he would, to disnian-
' tie his batteries and  has persisted in
shelling the ships and thus drawing their
i fire upon tho metropolis of Brazil.
Much anxiety is felt in Rio. Mm Her-
'aid's correspondent there, savs, to know
what action President Cleveland will instruct Minister Thompson to take with
'. regard to the question of supporting the
Argentine and Chilian ministers   in   Rio
iu their protest against local diplomats
of other nations interfering between the
belligerents.   They have raised the cry,
���'America for America ns,"and assert that
this is just the  timo when the Monroe
rdoctrtne should bo unmistakably asserted.    They  declare  that   other   governments aro well able to do all Interfering
, that is necessary between the Brazilian
', contestants and they are looking to the
; leader of tlie American  nations to come
to the front now and assort himself.
The Herald's correspondent  says  that
I while  those  In  Rio  who   are the most
familiar with the situation are still In
doubt as to what course Minister Thompson will decide to pursue.    They believe
1 he Is opposed to the proposed intorven-
] tion of European powers, and  thev  will
finally act In concert with the legation of
I Chili   and   Argentine.     Only   Uruguay
; among South  American nations ropre-
j sented  in  Rio remains   neutral in tills
j matter.
The rebel Admiral Mello has issued another manifesto in   which  ho   declares
1 that In ease of his success over President
Peixoto  he will  adhere   rigidly  to the
. Republican   institutions and   forms  of
Government.   This is a heavy blow to
j the hopes of those who thought his revolt
i cloaked a loyalist plot torostore.toBrazil
a deposed monarchy."
Big Bend.
Several new quartz claims havo been
recorded in tho Rig Rend country during the past month. J. W. liaskins and
W. Miller went up last week, and will
probably stake a claim each before they
return. Mr. G. C. Marsh, has been up
and down several times and has staked
two promising locations, one 011 llownie
and the other on MeCulloeh Creek. He
says the Consolation mine on French
Creek is looking splendid, and the four
partners ��� Messrs. Lafnrme, Sweeny,
McCreary and Williams���are wearing
happy smiles, they had been taking out
S8 a day per man, and had struck a rich
pocket just as he left. The means of
transport to and from the Rig Rend is
still an unsolved problem. A light
draught steamer should be in readiness
for tlie opening of navigation next
spring. Stamps for crushing the quartz
on the spot should also be erected.
Several men have decided to winter
there. The Hardpan, recently located
by John iioyd at Carnes Creek, is a
claim of great promise. The quartz assayed 23 oz. of gold to tbe ton, and active
work will be commenced as soon as tlie
spring opens. A large cabin is to be
built forthwith. Mr, Kellie, M.PP. has
an interest in this mine.
Geo. Laforme and Pete Levecque arrived down with the pack train on
Thursday, and will leave again for the
Big Bend to-day. The men at the Consolation mine had been taking out813.80
per man per day for the past week or
two and the last six days' working had
panned out 8480. George brought a splendid collection of nuggets���one a very large
one.���Reveletdke star.
Hop Lee's Laundry.
The above Is the popular Laundry of the
City. Rates are moderate, and the work
is done in a satisfactory manner.
Stables for Sale.
For Sale, the Stock and Good-will of the
TRANSFER and LIVERY STABLES COMPANY. The location Is the best. In the city,
and t lie establishment stands high in popular
For Sale.
For Sale, a Thoroughbred Berkshire Boar.
2 years old. The animal may be Inspected lu
the Agricultural grounds. Westminster, during the Exhibition.
Brownsville or Clover Valley.
THevi WestiniiiNter.
Corner of ColumMa & MeKenzie Sts.,
CAPITAL, all paid up, $12,000,000
REST,    ���    -    -    6,000,000
The product of this Brewery is second
to none in the Province, and ranks
first-class wherever known.
Death of Piper Ross.
Henry Ross, to whom was awarded the
lirst prize for bagpipe playing at the Caledonian gathering In this city on tho ISth
of August last, and whose playing was so
much admired bv all present on that occasion, died at his residence in Xauiiimo.
on October 1st, greatly regretted bv all
who knew him. 'lie had manv friends
in this city who wore acquainted with
hlin while a resident of Bruce County,
Ont., where he resided at Liicknow for a
great ninny years. Few here on that
eventful Saturday realized that ho was
so sick as he was. It. appears ho was a
sufferer from a cancer iu tlie stomach,
and having caught a Blight cold whilst
in Vancouver upon his return to Nanainio he became seriously ill, and after In-
. tense suffering he passed away, as already stated. Deceased was a native of
Tain, Kosshire, Scotland. He was interred on Tuesdav afternoon, clad In his
Highland  costume;   a  large   number of
l friends and citizens followed the remains
to the grave as a token of respect.   Fln-
I lay McLennan, of  Vancouver, was notl-
I find of Mr. Hoss' doath by Alex. Ileoton,
to whoso pipe-playing tlie latter danced
at tho gathering on Brockton Point.���
Vancouver World.
Christiana, the capital of Norway, has
been connected by telephone with Stockholm. The King of Norway and Sweden
opened eommunication by discoursing
i from Stockholm with the Norwegian
Prime Minister at the other capital.
] Tho King expressed the hope that the
j close connection by telephone might
serve to cement the union, which had
shown some tendency to fall apart. Tlie
Prime Minister of Norway said that he
too hoped so. These are worthy aspirations, but If tlie hope rests only on tlie
telephone It has a poor foundation. Any
"hello girl" Could explain that great quarrels and unhappy divisions occur between towns, business linns, and even
families closely connected by telephone.
New Orleans, Oct. tl.���Over 2.000 persons killed and nearly S5,otio.otli) worth
of property demolished is the record of
the great (lulf storm in Louisiana. There
has never been anything approximating
! it since the country was settled.     More
than half the population In   the  devast-
i uted country is dead.    Everything was
wrecked and tlie survivors are  without
food, shelter or clothing.   Confirmation
has been received In  tho eases of 2,(10(1
j dead and 70 others are reported lost in
j the  bogs at various places.     Over 120
| fishing vessels were  on the Gull fishing
l when the storm broke over Chenlere. Not
I a word has been heard from them or their
crows since.
Battle with Emin's Murderers.
A very exciting account of the campaign by the Belgian Congo company
against the Arab slavers of the Upper
Congo districts appears in one of the
recent English papers. Maiiyuema. tlie
district where the Arabs have hitherto
been all-powerful, Is to tho cast of the
Lualaba, or the main tributary of the
Congo, between the Lualaba and Lake
Tanganyika. The Arab stronghold was
Nyangue. a great native town on the
right bank of the Lualaba, or about
two hundred miles west of Lake Tanganyika and about eleven hundred
miles as the crow Hies east of the mouth
of the Congo. Here tbe last of a series
of great battles between tho negroes
commanded by Congo officers and the
Arabs was fought and won by the Europeans. The conquerors were too weak,
however, to do more than hold the town
and wait for reinforcements.
The following is an extract from a
letter written by one of the officers from
Nyangue, where were found the papers
of the murdered Erain Pasha :
"We are still hero waiting for reinforcements and cartridges to attack Ivas-
songo, a town well fortified, and as big
as tli is, where all the Arabs are collected. It is just fourdays' march not hurry
up. You know there are about 2(1 days'
good marching from LusambO. The reinforcements are now 57 days arrived at
LusambO, and we do not know what thoy
are playing at. They know we have
scarcely itoo men left and not loo rounds
per head, and yet they do not hurry up.
You know there are about 5,001 men on
foot 'to resist the Arab movement," and
we have, with scarce 400 men, defeated
the Arabs in five big battles, and after
six weeks' sioge taken Nyangue, the capital, so there is, no doubt, any amount of
jealousy, and the three columns on tbe
march would not object to have the
pleasure of rescuing or avenging us.
"We are lu a curious state   of   mind,
and feel as If in a dream.     Now, after
three weeks' rest in Nyangue, we cannot
i believe we have succeeded.     Nyangue
| had about 50,000 people here when  we
I attacked   it.     It   is  entrenched���mud
I walls,   loopholed���and   you   know   the
I Arab houses, some dried brick in hollow
square, each side thirty or forty yards
j long, and loopholed.     in Nyangue Itself
I counted over 200 houses like this.    Of
course, if thev had not got  a panic we
would have lost all our men  taking one
house.   Oh, I forgot to tell vou about
the battle of Lualaba of   tho 20th.    I
had a hot time.     My  bodyguard of 15
men had two  killed  and   live wounded.
I Tlie Arabs had   given orders   for their
men to lire at the  whites   throw down
' their guns, and rush iu  and  take them
witli their knives and  lances.     Another
: White man and 1  wot  suddenly   lulu the
��� head of the Arab columns.     We do not
i know how.    Wo had   only  about sixty
I men to them, and were   in   high  grass,
I with   Arabs   all   round      We   were  in
-single line, with two guides, supposed to
I be friendly in front.    The roadwas only
; two feet wide, aud we were  blocked by
the guides.     The Arabs rushedjin���now
I know���to take De  Woturs,  who was
twenty yards In  front of me.     I gave
them   a right-left  of   buck  from   the
twelve-bore, and the whole  front   lino
i went down.   This   let   me see  De Woturs was not alone���our men were firing
at random���over their  heads mostly���
they killed a lot  a couple   of   hundred
yards in the rear.   One big Arab caught
a soldier, and was dragging blm off by
the belt, but thu  soldier  lopped  off his
hand with his knife.     Then I lired 27
cartridges from my repeating rille.    You
know how a man shoots when he expects
every shot to be his last.
"I)e Woturs and 1 were then about
ten yards apart, back to back, and he
knew nothing about the rush behind
him, being fully engaged In front. After,
when he saw the corpses; he said, "Who
killed them? Thoy must have almost
got me. "He is a splendid lighting chap,
but will get killed one of these days, for
he Is not quite cool enough lo look round
him. I hold that If an officer lias to
shout be should Hoor a leader every time.
It's a good example for the men. I
have often thoiiuht when in tlie act of
tiring, of one of the last things you said
to me, "Don't lire at n man If you can
possibly avoid It," and I am sure you
would have added, If you bad thought it
necessary for me, "but If you do, don't
miss him." I remember you said to
me, when I was going to school lirst,
"My boy, don't you ever lilt a man, unless you mean to knock him down," aud
1 never have.
A Savings Bank
has  been  opened   in  connection   with
this Branch.
Orders left at the Merchants'Exchange T-i.     i  in      j   in .��
or the llolbrook House will be promptly   MM AlluTO St CllITIillt Ifc
attended to.
At present three and one-half per cent.
(Successors to BOUCHERAT & Co.)
San Francisco, Oct. 0.���Wmlc is progressing steadily on the ground, and
buildings for the mid-winter fair at tho
Goldon (late Park. Tlie lirst floor, the
four sides and galleries of the Mechanic
Art buildings are in place; the foundation of the Agricultural and Horticultural building is partly in, and the floor
of the Manufacturers' and Liberal Arts
building will be placed this week. The
Fine Arts building Is steadily rising.
The   plans   and   specifications   for  tlie
Administration building will be ready
Special Attention pen to tie Mainland Trade.
P. O. Box 405.
Telephone 74.
Hungarian   Flour,   $1.25   per  sack;      Oregon   Flour  $1,25
per sack;  Wheat, 100 lbs. $1.50;   Black  Tea, 6 lbs.  for
$1.00 ; 5 Tins Choice Jam, 65 cts; Mixed Pickles 20
cts.   per  bottle; Green   Peas   10   cts.   per  tin.
Free Delivery toi Any  Part of The Citv.
New Westminster, B C.
Visitors and citizens to tlie Exhibition wil
seo tho groatest attractions in the
Ever shown Iii WESTMINSTER at tha
Toronto Shoe Store,
Wo have studied the wants of the
people for a year, and we believe wo
know what they want, and have the
goods Solid, substantial lines from the
best manufacturers In the business.
Prices to suit tlie times, and that means
at figures unknown iu British Columbia
before our advent. We have taken the
lead In that respect, and we are going to
koop It.
Established 1862.
Wholesale and Retail Dealers
Carpenters' Tools, Farm and Garden Implements.
Shears, Scissors and Razors, Table and Pocket Cutlery
Axes, Picks, Mattocks, Shovels and Spades.
Cross-cut Saws, Buck Saws and Hand Saws.
Peevies, Canthooks, Wheelbarrows and Scrapers,
Baling Wire, Russel Barb and Woven Wire Fencing.
Iron and Lead Pipe, Pumps and Sinks. '
While Lead ami Hed Lead, Dry and Mixed Colors, tiiiauicl and Car-
riauc I'aluls and Artists' Tiibl> Colors.
Lubricating and Paint Oils, Kerosene Oils, Cycle and Sewing
Machine Oils.
"I gave you credit for more firmness.
Not kill a man? What is there so terrible in it?"
"You misunderstood me, my lord. We
did all we could towards killing him,
but he escaped us."
"Hold!" cried the duke, starting forward and grasping the priost by the
shoulder. "You do not mean that Ruric
Nevel has escaped you?"
"He has, my lord."
"Hut not entirely? You do not mean
that he has fairly gone from out your
"He has, my lord.    Hut listen���"
"Listen, thou bungler: What story
can you tell to make that smooth and
reasonable? You had bim in your
power, and you should have kept him."
"Hut, my lord, .Satan himself is working for that man. We went lust night
to kill the fellow, and I wailed all of two
hours for Totma and Viska, but the rascals did not come, and I engaged others."
"And did thev prove treacherous?"
cried Olga, in sudden passion.
"No, my lord���thev did their best, but
they were intercepted by that accursed
black monk, who came backed by some
dozen men."
"What! Do you mean that Vladimir
came there?
"And with a band of armed men'.1''
"Then, bv the gods, there's treachery
"I know not what to think, my lord,"
returned Savotano, in nu 'uneasy, perplexed tone. "The only men who life
iilisent are Lesko Totma and Frederick
Viska; and they are surely our best
"Hut you sen plainly that there must
have been treachery!" exclaimed the
duke, passionately. "Oh! how I would
like to know the mat.! And did this
monk carry oh" the giiiiinaker?"
"He did. And he captured four of
I escaped without being seen."
Tho young countess did not answer at
I once. She pressed her small white hand .
j hard upon her brow, and thus she remained for some time buried In profound thought. At length sho raised ;
j her head, and the fire of determination
I was In hor eye.
"1 will go," she said. "I will go to
j the emperor. He will help me if he has
; a human heart."
"You  have one satisfaction, my mis- |
tress: he cannot harm you."
"I mean that you can but be  made to
marry with Olga;  and   all   other harm
: would   be   as   nothing   compared with
! that."
"Aye,  you   are   right,   Zenoble.   We'
will go this very night."
The more Rosalind pondered upon
this new resolve the moro hope did she
derive from it. Erelong she conversed
moro freely with her attendant, and at
times that old smile would struggle for
a moment upon her face. Yet she had
gloomy moments, too. Her fear was too
deeply lixed to be swept away so easily.
The afternoon passed away, and as
tlie shades of night gathered over the
great city, the two girls were astir.
Zenobie gathered trgetlier such articles
: of clothing as would be needed, and proceeded to prepare her mistress for tho
"Fear not," she said, us she drew on
Rosalind's robe of fur, "for there can be
no danger worse than that we flee from.
Try only to remember that you lice from
the duko."
Tills served to norvo tlie fair young
countess up  to  the tusk, and her frame
ci'iiseii its trembling,
"I shall not falter now," she said,
"But shall we lind tlie emperor at this
late hour?"
"liless me, 'tis not late. Hut even If
we do not see liini to-night, we can do It
In the morning. We shall And plenty iu
tlie Imperial palace who will shelter us
till then."
The girls were now ready, and all that
remained was to start on their strange
mission. With noiseless step they left
i the apartment where they bad dressed,
and proceeded along the corridor to tho
great staircase. Zenoble knew there
would  be  less danger there than to go
,,   ,    ������.,   , ...   ,    ,, ,  I army, and he saw   it  was  the  Duke of
\  J,  ,���'S      d0theWOrk|Tula.    Yet the duke  had  an  enormous
eoa vantage. , j hump upon his back, and instead of the
and I can  havo  him  tried and    ,  ���'.,���  .       .,,���   .   ���, ���
only last evening that I got a clew upon
them. We found them In an old building near the river, here in tlie kremlin.
and this same Ruric Novel was with
them.   Hut he mado his escape."
"I do remember me now that tho fellow had a bold bearing and a fearless
look," said the emperor, half to himself;
"and if such a villain there must be danger in It."
"Aye, sire���you speak truly. And
now, with your order, I can apprehend
the fellow at once. "
"1 can send and have it done, my dear
"But your officers may not find bim.
I know where he Is and can have him
taken at once. Ho has several hiding-
with nior
disposed  of  without  further  trouble to
you, sire."
"No, no. I wisli to see him," returned
the emperor. I will give you the necessary order, and you may bring him here."
Peter then turned to his secretary, and
bade him lil! an order for Ruric Novel's
arrest. The stout master-at-arms looked
on with a troubled countenance, and his
glances toward the duko wore anything
but loving lie did not seem to relish
the business at all, ami the expression of
his countenance would seem to indicate
that lie did not believe all that the duke
had said.
llowi" 'M'. the order was soon In the
duke's possession.
"Remember," said Peter���you must
bring bim before me."
"You -hull be obeyed, sire."
If  tin   emperor   did   not   notice the
strange, dark  look of tlie fluke, as he
turned away,  the Greek did;   and  he
fancied,   too    that   lie   ki. w   what
tneant.   Hut he said nothing more.
Olga bowed low us 1. ��� clutched the order, und liuving once more promised
obedience, ho hurried from the Imperial
presence. As lie passod out through the
wide court hu walked slowly and thoughtfully, and with his bead bowed; but soon
lie started iij>���his hands  came together
And this is our little Zenobie, is it?"
The attendant looked up. but she made
no   reply.     Then Olga  turned   to   the
"Savotano. hurry off your men in the
morning, and then come to me. I'll have
work for you to-morrow.
And then,   with   a  sinking,
heart, Rosalind Valdai was led
wards the ducal palace.
back to-
RuricNevel  dreamed  that  he was a
great general, and that lie was upon the
I eve of  an  engagement.     He gained a
! view of the commander of the opposing
usual uniform he  wore the garb of a
priest.   This was very strange���at least,
j so ran Rutin's thoughts in  tbe dream.
'Soon tlie engagement commenced, and
the   loud-mouthed  artillery opened   Its
thunder.    The din  was deafening and
strange, and Ruric shouted in vain to his
aids, for the cannon roar drank up his
words direct from bis lips.     Louder and
more loud grew the crash,  and  finally
, Ruric started for the charge.    His horse
was shot under him,  and   with   a  quick
i leap he reached his feet.
"RurleI" RurleI" My master.'"
Slowly the youth opened his eyes, and
Paul stood before hi in In his night-
cotlies. He guzed about blm, and found
that ho had leaped from Ills bed, nnd
now stood shivering upon the floor. The
: boy held a lighted caudle lu ills hand.
"Don't you hear that   racket   at   the
j door?" asked Paul.
"What!���ha!���there   Is     some     one
It I knocking I"
"And have you not heard it before?"
"Why did you leap up thus?"
"I was dreaming."
"I thought't was tlie noise below.  Why
they've been making a perfect thunder
of noise down there.    Shall I go down?"
"Yes, go, Paul, and i will dress as soon
our men.
"That is fortunate-
"I mean that the monk did not see me down the other way among the servants,
���nor did any of his followers. Hut the Having descended these stairs they came
gunmaker saw me."
"And do you think lie mlstiusted you
cooking and heating stoves,
stove furnishings and castings,
parlor grates, tiles,
Tinware,   Woodenware,   Enamelled  Iron   Ware,    Lanterns,
Baskets, Pails, Tubs, Brushes, Mops, Brooms
Churns and Wringers.
had any hand in the matter of his Imprisonment?"
"I should judge so," returned the
priest, with a peculiar twinge of vengeance about the lips. "The villain
knocked me down."
"Aye���the moment he saw me ,"
to the great hall, which opened one way
nto  the salons.    They took the former
course, and were soon In the court. The
I onlv trouble now was in passing the por-
i tor's lodge at  the gate, for they knew
the great gate was not open, and to gain
I the street they  must pass through the
room  where  tho   porter  always   staid.
Zenobie went ahead and looked in.   The
porter sat by tho lire playing with his
"Hut do you think he knows anything dog-
about it?" "My mistress,"  whispered the girl, as
"No, I do not think ho does.' He can  she cani(J bucli>   "olcl J0"11   is   '"   ll"'
only suspect." lodge, and we need have no fear.     He is
"Then we'll be prepared   for   him, if ; a simple, good-iiatured  fellow, and I am
Paint & Varnish, Whitewash, Scrubbing 8c Blacking.
Manilla, Cotton and Lisal Rope, Baling Rope, Binder Twine,
Hop Twine, Salmon Twines, Sack Twine, Lath Yarn, etc.
SHADES, lire.
your own men are to be deponded upon.
But leave that to me. I'll fix that matter with the emperor. I'll see him
this very day, and be sure he shall have
a story that can destroy all evidence
which these fellows can hatch up."
"But I must flee, my lord."
"Not yet, Savotano. I must have
your help within a very short time. Tho
Countess Rosalind Valdai shall bo my
wife within the present week. I'll place
the seal of fact upon that mutter at
once. Fear not, for I know my influence over tho emperor will shield you
from all barm. Why, Peter would
sooner lose his right arm than lose me."
"Then most surely I will remain, my
lord, for I much wish to perform that
ceremony for yon. But who is this
black monk?���this Vladimir?"
The duke started across the floor, and
for some moments he continued pacing
to and fro. When he stopped he brought
his hands together with an energetic
movement, and looking the priest sternly in tlie face, he said;
"Let that monk be who ho may, I'll
destroy him! I have the power to arrest him upon suspicion of conspiracy.
I'll do it.    Where is he now?"
"I know not."
"Never mind. I'll to the emperor
lirst. I'll study my plan, and ere the
sun sets it shall be carried out. I'll be
bullied thus no more. I could have
wished that this gunmaker had beon
quietly out of the way, for then all
would have been clear and plain, and I
should not have feared the trouble of
liis clamoring about my ears. Hut let
him go. f would not give much for the
life he has left.,. ..I'll disposeof liimsoon.
Hut that monk���he dies at once, and
without consultation with the emperor;
for I can swear he is a conspirator."
"Good!" ejaculated the priest.
And thus the business was arranged
for tlie present. Passion helped the
duke wondrously iu his conclusions! und
tbo with was made into the power. Hut
even before the priest left the stout
nobleman began to wish that he had a
very little more power. It fact, as he
came to reason lie began to doubt; but
he gave up not one   idea of  the  plan he
sure I can get bv him. Do you go in advance���cover up your faco���don't look at
him; and be sure you don't tremble.
Leave it all to me. Remember now;
you have���"
"Fear not, Zenobie.   Go on."
So on they went, and when they readied tho lodge Rosalind went in lirst and
stood by the wicket, while Zenobie followed, and opened the door that looked
into tlie porter's room.
"Good John," she uttered, in anxious
tones, "come and open the wicket for me
quick. My good mistress is very ill, and
Tilda and I are going for the doctor.
Come���be qu'ek."
"But why don't some of the men go?"
asked John, as he started up and forced
his dog back.
"Because 'twould take them longer to
do the errand than 'twill us.    Hut don't
with an emphatic movement, and he ! as possible. What time is It ?"
moved on more quickly. He had gained
the street, ami nppoaehed a small court,
within which stood a liouso of entertainment, where be stopped. In a few moments moro a man ciimo out from the
inn, and as soon as he had satislied himself that the new-comer was the duke,
ho spoke.
"Olga���is't you?"
It needod but a single  glance in the
dim starlight to recognize the form of the
hump-back priest.    He  walked quickly
to  where the duke stood,  and the
moved off together.
"Now, what luck?" Savotano asked,
as they gained the street, once more.
"Good���as got ii as I could even hope
for," returned the duke. "I have the
power of arresting tho gunmaker."
"And for exeei ting him?"
"It amounts tc i ue same. I am to
bring him before th ��� emperor: but that
is easily managed."
Here the duke ttopped and guzed
about him, and then bending his head,
so that no word could possibly puss beyond his companion's ears, lie continued:
"You can call upon throe of your best
men, and I can furnish two from among
my own servants. Early in the tn ruing
���by the timo the sun is up���they must
be at the giinmaker's dwelling. They
must make him angry���ef course, hi will
resist���and then kill blm. It I very
simple���very. They can easily dispatch
blm thus, and then we have only to tell
the ompror that 1 i resisted imperial authority even utr.c death. So ) "u see
this is even better than  it would  have
detain us.    We shan't be gono long."      . .    . , ,   ,. .      ,    ,
The honest  porter had orders not t0 > been had I received direct authority for
had forini
so madly
d for the
vengeance  his  soul
"I dare not!   Oh, I dare not!"
"But it is your only hope."
"And whither shall we go?"
"AnywliH'o, rather than remain
Oh! my mistress, If   you stay here
know the fate which awaits you.    There
is no other   means of escape   from   the
wicked duke's power."
And I must thus cast myself among
Lime, Plaster and  Cement,  Drain Pipe, Terra Ootta strangers-ioso ay an ot earth-"
r��i ��� TV "Hold, Rosalind,    There Is sure
Chimney Pipe.
Ill lies. Sliol GlIMi llevolvcrn, Cnrlrlilijc IIcIIn ami OlID t'liHCM,
< ni'lri��lK��'N, MIicIIn, WihIn, C��|>m mill I'rlmcru, Sliol mill
HiiIIcIh, Powtlur In hull, ami In HiimUm,
(���lime Trap*, lClc, ���-:���<���.
Prices Reasonable.     Correspondence Invited.
Country Orders will receive Prompt Attention.
Iv one
In Moscow who will   help   you.    Let   us
I go   lu  the  emporor.    Oh, if   lie   be  the
man I have heard, he will surely listen."
"Ah,   Zenobie, the   duke   Is   high In
| power, und  liis Influence is groat at
court. Peter would not dure to thwart,
"It limy be so, Inn I do not believe It.
And yet, my mistress, Just think, for
one moment, bow you stand lu that respect. Vou have nothing to lose. Tills
life of earth. With all Its pal US and sorrows, anil with Its most exquisite tortures, holds nothing worse for you within the bounds of possibility than to become the duke's wife. If there wore
but one chance iu the thousand, you had
better try It. Kenieinber���you cannot
possibly lose anything, but tlie chances
are for you.    Lot us go to the emperor."
"Hut how, Zonooio?"
This evening���after the darkness of
nlgni has gathered over the city���let us
go. I tell you I do not believe' tho emperor will deliberately sillier a great
wrong to be done for the sake of pacifying the duke. He has more noble Independence than that."
allow the countess  to  pass  out,  but lie
thought not of that now. He had known
the gentle girl from a child, and so well.
did he love  her that he might not have ;
stopped her even had be known   be was -
there waiting to pass out.  A   all ivents,
he could not refuse the present request,
so he ciime out and opened the wicket
without further question, and the girls
passed through.
"Now-���now." said Zenobie, in nervous
haste, "we are clear of the palace. Here
is the street.   Our walk is not long."
Rosalind answered not, but drawing
her robe more closely about her to keep
out the cold, biting wind, she hastened
along by tbe side of lier companion.
Hope was now alive within lier, She
turned one glance behind her. and she
could see tlie the light which she had
left burning in hor chamber. It seemed
at. that moment to be the fiery eye of a
demon gazing after her, and instinctively
she quickened her pace.
*        *���        *        *���        *        i:-        *
Twice diirrng the day (lid the fluke of
Tula call at tlie Imperial palace without
being able to find the emperor; but in
the evening he wus more fortunate.
The emperor wus in, and Olga was admitted at once to his presence.
"Well, my lord duke," said Peter, as
Olga approached, "what business calls
vou from home at this hour?"
"Business of Importance, sire. Business of loss moment to me than tlie
"Ah!   Proceed."
Only  two  attendants were  with  the
emperor,  one of whom  was Demotrus,
j the Greek, ami the place of audience was
, one of the private  apartments  near the
1 bod-chumber,   whore  only    prlvlledgud
ones wero ever allowed to come.
"Sire," commenced the duke, "you remember the gunmaker who was beforo
you not long since?"
"Ah���yes. Tlie one who took my
.Greek's sword from him?"
"The same, sir. Have you heard from
him since?"
"I had well ulgli forgotten tlie follow.
Yes, yes���1 remember blm well now.
lie wus a right stout knave."
"Aye���and a dangerous one, too, sire.
A dangerous man." said the duke, with
1 a dubious shake of his head.
"All���what lias lie done?"
"Why���he has been engaged iu various
robberies lo  my certain knowledge; and
only a   few  evenings   since   he   kockod
down one of our holy priests and   robbed
. him of all he had,     He Is at tlie head of
! u numerous baud of despuradoes."
"Is It possible?"
"1 know It, sire."
"1 should net have believed this."
"Nor would I have believed It, sire,
: had 1 not received proofs not to bo questioned. I, as Is my duty, have long been
anxious to ferret out this gang of robbers���"
"But I have never heard of them,
Olga," Interrupted Potor.
"Ah, siro, because 1 gavo directions
j that you should not be troubled with
i this affair.    But I have them now.    It Is
his death; for then scito form of trial
would have been necessary, but now wi
have only to go to bis house���provoke
him to quarrel���kill blm���and then tell
the emperor ho-, it happened. What
think you?"
"Why,"  returned  the  priest, with a
wicked chuckle,   "1  can  inly say that
Master Nevel  is done fi
"Exactly. Nothing could be better-
After the explanation of this fiendish
scheme, the two walked on Borne distance
in silence.
".Stop," uttered the duko, catching his
companion by the arm. "There come
two persons this way. Wo must not
meet them. Here���mto tills passage���
quick !"
It was a narrow, dark passage leading
to the next street, in i which tliu duke
dragged bis companion, and hen, hi
meant to remain until tlie two persons
had passed. The fact 'as, the duko did
not wish to bo seen wit.i tho priost ut
that hour in the street, i.nd it is no matter of surdriso that he ohouid i.'j that
moment been iii"ueneeJ by guilty fear.
The two pedestrians came on, aud passod
the spot where the men stood. They
were females, and ono of them the priest
saw In the face. T' o features were upturned to tlie starhjMu, a'.id he recognized them, Ho caught tho duke quickly
and nervously by tho arm.
'Twus the countess I" ho whispered..
"Rosalind!" gasped Olga.
"Yes���as suro as duuth I"
"Thon come���quick I"
Savotano understood tlio meaning of
tills, and lie followed tlie uuko quickly
out. At a few bounds olga reached the
females, and ono of them he caught by
the arm. She uttered a sharp, quick
cry, and as she turned her (ace up sho
revealed the fulrfeati res of the Countess
Rosalind Valdai! Tho priest had no
need to stop the otbul girl, for she stop-
lied of her own accord as soon as she
found that her mistress was captured.
"Aha!" Olga uttered when he saw her
pale lace "What now. eh ? Where are
you bound at this unseemly hour?"
"Oh, God I" Itwii- -ill the poor girl
could utter, Shetav the dark face of
her hated and feared guardian, and the
lust glimmer of hope ' led I
'It must bo near daybreak."
And thus speuking, "Paul turned and
wen*, in his jwn room, whore ho threw
on 8n outer garment; and then he went
down. Ar, the door ho found a stout
man, wrapped up in furs, whilo close by
stood a sledge with two horses attached
to it. In the east the golden tints of
morn were already visible.
"A gunmaker named Novel lives here,
does ho not?" asked the applicant, after
having first made sonic passing remark
on the trouble  he  had had  in  starting
two j some one up.
Paul feared that there might be something out of the way, but ho dared not
tell a falsehood where it could not possibly of any use, so he answered in the
"Then let me see him as speedily as
"He is preparing to come down, sir.
If you will walk in you may seehimverv
"The stranger followed the boy into
the kitchen, where it was quite warm,
the lire in tlie furnace having been burning all night. Ere long Ruric came down
and the visitor started up.
"How ?" said the gunmaker, starting
forward and extending his hand. "Demetrius ?"
"Aye, my friend," the Greek roplied,
with a smile. "1 am an early visitor,
eh ?"
"I should say so; but early or late, you
are welcome."
"Thank you. But we must not spend
much time here now. My sledge is hero
at your door, and I wish you to accompli ny me.
"But wherefore Is this?" asked the
y utb. in surprise. "What(las happened
now ?"
"I'll tell vou: "Last night Olga, the
duke, came to see the emperor. I hail
just been cr', mg his majesty some exercise at tho sword, so I was present at the
intirv'ow. The duke wished for power
he is a dead i to arrest you; and iu explanation of the
request, he stated that you were at the
head of a band of robbers here in the city,
and that you had already committed
several robberies. 1 needn't tell you all
he said, but hi made you out to be a most
unmitigated villain, and with this tbe
emperor grained his request. Olga
wished for power to execute you at once,
but Peter wouid not go so far as that.
he save the power of arrest, but ordered
the duke to bring you before him."
Ruric stood for a few moments like one
"Then he must carry me to the em-
per r." he said at le..gth.
"Ah," returned Demetrius, with a
dubious shake of the head, "be not too
sure of that. 1 saw a look upon his faci.
when he turned away that meant more
than he dared to speak. As suro as fate
ho nover means that you shall see the.
emporor. . Know it���I saw it in his evil
"But he will not da'" disobey tho
"Yes, for he hopes to escape by falsehood.    How easy for him to swear that,
he had to kill you to take you."
"I see���I see."
"Then come with me."
"Did the emperor send you ?"
"No ���, but 1 take tho responsibility.   I
wlil take you to him myself.    Bo suro
the duke's hirelings will bo hero before
long.    Trust lo nic and all shall bo well."
Ruric ooudered n few moments, and ho
saw that his friend was right.
"Lot me go am. Si" my mother, he said,
"and then 1 will go with you."
"But make haste," urged tho Greek,
"for the duke's mon maj be hero soon,
and I do not wish them to see yon. And
���tellovour mother to ��� fo.m whoever
may call, that sho know., nut where you
am gone, but that you will be back at
The youth noddud assent, and then
went Into his mother's room, where he
om her I explained to her what had happened, and
what lit was about to do.
U"ltls fortunate I have found you,"' "And how long must tin so things bo?"
the duke resumed, fastening his grip! the mother rled, gazing eagerly upon
surely upon the maiden's arm, "for you ! her son.
might have fallen Into dilliciilty else, i "Not long," returnod Ruric. "1 may
Vou were bound for tlie imperial palace, i do much towards settling the matter to-
eh ?" j day.    But fear not. for ' am now safe,
At first Rosalind thought of struggling  and shall be unt.'l I sen you again."
for escape, but she felt the strong grlpo j    The widow prom, ied .��� II that hor son
upon her arm, and she knew that such a j asked, and soon beenn assured that all
movement could result only in  her own j was well; but Paul was left with the
harm. |duty of attondtug to tho.se who might
"Say," repeated the duke, " were you I come for Ruric, though they might seo
not bound for the palace?" i tbo widow If thoy persisted.     The boy
tho coun- j premised to toll all that asked for his
tho man's ! master that he was gono away on busi-
from your  noss, and would not return till evening.
"Aye, pcoud duko, 1 wus,'
tess replied, gazing up lute
face. I wus trying to esbapi
'Aha I"    But  come-wc'l
turn  to
wards home.   You'll bo bettor off thore.
The mother came out bofore Rurle was
ready to start, and her ox nutation of the
Greek's countenance seemed to be satis- 39
laotory, for the anxious look left lier
face, and she   looked   upon   the visitor
As Ruric entered the sledge the dawn
of day was plainly announced In tbe cast,
and the stars were paling iu the sky.
The Greek did not take the direct road
to the Kremlin, but struck off to tlie
westward, nnd so entered by the Neg-
An hour later a party of live men drove
up to tlie gunmaker's cot. Thoy were
dark, villainous looking men, aud murder
wus plainly stamped  upon thoir fact
shall I return, but 1 cannot convey you
away thus.    I am sorry that���"
The monk slopped here for at tbat
momenta heavy footfall sounded without. He had started up from bis scat
when tbe  door   opened, and   the   stout
; duke entered. The countess uttered one
low, quick cry, and sank down. Sim
would have sunk to tlie floor had not
Zenoble caught her  and  bore her to the
i couch.
The monk stood erect, witli his anus
folded across his breast, but his right
band was hidden within tlie bosom of
his   robe.    The  duke  started back like
nieiits ere he  cuiild  gain  the   power of
speech.    He turned lirst as pule as death
i aud   then   the   blood   mounted
They   entered   the  dwelling,   hut   thev .
found not their prey. They stormed and j oue thunderstruck, and it was some mo
1 ,       . I  ninnto  in',.   1..1     ,...nbl     i>nl,i     +1...	
they swore, but lo no purpose, and when
they were convinced that the gunmaker
wus not there ihey went away.
An hour later still, and another party
drove up to the same cot. It consisted
of two men In a double sledge, one of
whom was Vladimir the monk. The fat,
mystic man entered the cot, and there he
remained for some time.    When became
out the widow and Paul accompanied i palace, dog? lint you havo ventured
bim ; and they all got into the sledge and i "'"l "1IC(! ,0() ott""' As sure ils 'aero is
drove off together. '<][[ti'" ,","' J',0" 8�� '��" henoe alIvf'
What did it, mean? "Hold, Olga!' spoke the monk; and so
strange and powerful was the tono  that
though tin- duke had turned towards the
dead. Then she started up, with her
bands clasped, and raised her eyes towards heaven. She did not speak aloud.
but her lips moved, and she slowly
tittered a prayer to God-���and it was
none the less eloquent because it was
silent. Then she turned to her companion. Her lips were sot and colorless,
and a deathly look had overspread hor
whole face.
������Zombie," she said, in a tone which
bore no feeling more than the hiding of
cold, icy sound. ������! am ready. Once
more, before the last joy of earth departs from me, let mo bless thee, and
press thee to mv bosom."
"She opened her arms as she  spoki
and when she closed them again Zenoble
hotly, j was within their embrace.
fiercely, to his brow. j     "Bless you���bless  you ever! God keep
"How came  you here?''he gasped, in j and  guide   you   to  the end of   life, and
a hissing, frantic lone. j then receive you home to Himself!    Kiss
"To learn of your wickedness, Duko i me.   There���I am ready now!"
of Tula," calmly responded Vladimir. The   broken-hearted   girl  wiped   tho
"Ila! do  you   beard me hi my very ] tear from her eye, aud In a moment more
she was  as cold  and   passionless as before.
,   "Lead on, Zenobie.    I shall walk without help."
Without looking  around  tho   Moslem
maiden   led the way to the hull.   She
It was  past   noon.    The   proud duke  door, yet   lie stepped     "This  lady tells   walked   slowly,   and    she   fancied   she
was once more alone in liis private room,
and lie was pacing uneasily to and fro.
There was a cloud up his brow and
trouble iu his soul, liis lips was firmly
set, and his hands clenched, Ever and
anon lie muttered lo himself, and when
lie did so Ills hands would work nervoii
me you mean lo make her your wile?   Is , could hour the beating of hor  mistre
it so?" heart.    In tile hull stood  the  duke with
"Out, accursed monk!    Who gave thee : some half-dozen of bis own   male   alten-
rlgbt to question mo?" 'dams,   lie took the b,and of the coun-
"Proud duke, you shall know that tess as she approached blm, and gazed
anot). Hut listen: If vou force this lady ' earnestly into her face; but, be did not,
to that thing  you do it at,  your   peril! I speak.    He led her towards one of  tli
ly and emphatically,    lie looked often at   Vou had belter seek tlie fabled potion of   drawing-rooins, and  when   thoy entered
his watch, and often he stopped near the ' the gods, a, d drink   and   be a dog, than
door and darkened.
Al length came that well-known shuffling, uncertain, cat-like tread. He threw
open his door, and the dark priest glided In.
"Ila, Savotano, I've waited for you,"
the duke uttered, sinking into a chair,
for liis nervous walking had mude him
weary. "Now tell me the work is done.
Oh, don't tell me again of failure!''
"Alas ! my lord���"
"Hold, Savotano!" You are not going
to tell me of failure !"
"Not really a failure, my lord," tbe
priest returned, nervously. "Hut our
men did not find the gunmaker at home.
He had gone when we got there, and no
one knew where
do that tiling:-
"Hold a moment, monk!" cried tlie
duke, now nearly blind witli passion.
"You go not hence alive! What ho.
there! Without, 1 say! Zenoble, pull
that bell-cord! Quick! Hack, monk!
You pass not here alive! What ho!
Without, there!"
there   ,tbey    found     the    liiinip,backed
priest   already  In  waiting.     Rosalind
came well-nigh fainting when she saw
ibis miserable villain ready lor bis work.
She knew now that  the  priest was  like
the master.
"You  see, my  dear  Countess," spoke
the   duke, lu  a  low, hypocritical   tone,
that we have all prepared.    1  trust wi
"Beware,  Olga!" spoke  the monk, as j shall  have no trouble   before  this  holy
calmly as before, at the same time draw-  man."
Ing a heay pisto! from his bosom and
cocking It. "I would shoot you as I
would a dog! Offer one motion of impediment to my passage and you die on
the instant!"
Instinctively the duke moved on ono
side. There was something In the look
and tone of   the strange   man   that he
"No one knew?   Did  not his mother dared not cope with  then.   The   monk
know?" ! passed out, but as soon  as be was Bone
"No.    She said  he did not   tell   her i the  duke   stung to the   bell-cord   and
where he was going.    He only left word
that lie wus going on business, and should
not return till evening."
"By heavens! 1 think he bus tied."
"No, my lord.   1 do not think so.   I
think be must have had business'"
"But what time were you there?"
"Shortly after sunrise."
"And had he gone then ?"
"Aye, he had been gone an hour."
"It  looks suspicious.    But the. men
must be there  this evening.     lie  shall
not escape me now."
���There is no fear of that, mv lord.    1
pulled it till he broke it. In a few moments more tlie servants came rushing
"Out, dogs!" the madman shouted,
and stop that monk from leaving the
palace. Kill him on the spot where you
lind him if he dares to oiler tlie least resistance! Kill him���you have my orders,
and I am alone responsible."
Thus speaking the duke rushed  from
Tills last sentence was spoken in a
threatening tone, but it had no effect
upon Rosalind. She hardly beard the
words he spoko.
"Come, father," said Olga, turning
now to the priest.    "We are ready."
Savotanu moved forward and mumbled a Latin prater. Then he looked
upon tlie twain before him, and directed
them to kneel.
"No! no! no!" gasped the fair countess, trembling for the lirst time. "1
cannot do that!"
"Kneel!" hissed the duke, between liis
clenched teeth. And as be spoke he
grasped the maiden more firmly by the
arm and forced her down. She uttered
a quick cry of pain as she felt the unmerciful grip, but she could not resist
the strong arm-of her persecutor.
Now  go on!" the  duke   cried  as lie
the apartment to start moro of ills house-j held the maiden down. "Go on, Savo-
hold, first to tlie gate of ihe court he I tano, and let the business bo done us
went, but the monk was not there, nor  soon as possible."
had he been there.   Then  be rushed to
will see that he is apprehended as soon as i the  postern, but   that was   locked, and
he returns." j the snow wus untrodden  before  it.    He
'Right, Savotano���riant!    And now returned to the hall, and oue by oue tho
What is
to the other matter,
this afternoon!"
"Ah, so soon ?"
"Yes; 1 waste no more time
the use?"
"None, my lord���none at all."
"Then you must remain, for the ceremony shall be performed as soon as
"And does tbe countess know of your
determination ?"
"Yes. She knew it ere she rested last
night. 1 told her she should not escape
again tiil she could carry my name with
1 am lo be married 1 servants came back from the search.
No monk could be fuund!
At lirst Olga was tempted lo believe
that bis servants deceived him; but he
quickly set that thought aside, for he
could see hy their countenances that
they were as much astonished as lie.
The search was renewed, but the strange
man was not to bo found. There, was
some wonder, and���some uneasiness.
her. By the mass, sir, she sealed her: Pale as death sat tlie fair voung coun-
pwii doom! Ila, ha, ha! the Duko or toss In her dressing-room. She did not
lulu will have his cullers idled again, tremble now. for every nerve hud be-
Money must come somehow, audhow else  come tixed iu utter despair.
so easily as tin
"Sure enough," returned the priest, '���
witli tbat old coarse, wicked smile���"sure j
enough, my lord,���how?"
"In no way. Hoi I'll put the seal
upon that budget, and stamp it���iidne!\
So here you remain until 1 am married.
To-day���until that ceremony is performed, I am not sure; but to-morrow they a!���;il; ji
cannot harm me. Oh���sin. shall be mine
then '. She shall be mine, Savotano.
To-day She is my wife���and to-morrow
all the powers combined cannot undo
the work. 1 have wailed lung enough,
I have worked and schemed, and nave
puzzled my brain to ono great purpose ;
and yet eacii step] have marked out, has
failed me. Damonoff lives���the gunmaker lives���tbe Black Monk lives. Inn
I live (eu. live! Ha! / (we Savotano!
and now the work shall be done as it
might have beon done at lirst, bad I
been so disposed 1"
The duke had arisen to his feet while
speaking thus, and bis manner had been
frantic and excited. As lie ceased speaking lie sank buck Into liis chair and gazed
the priest in tbe lace, lie was all iron
now. Every nerve and muscle was set,
and a lierce determination was in liis
It was a voice of thunder which shoke
thus, and it came from the door. The
duke started to his feet, and beheld
Ruric Nevel, the gunmaker, approaching the spot. But the youth came nut
alone. Behind him came the huge bulk
of Vladimir tlie monk. And more still
��� back o( the monk came the widow,
Claudia Nevel, and the boy Paul. And
then there wus, besides all this, a heavy
tramp of feet in the hall, and tbe clang
of steel.
"Hold! Stop this accursed mockery!"
Ruric shouted, as he strode up the
"Miserable dog!" gasped the duke,
mad and frantic with rage, "how dare
you come hither?"
"Hook yuu, proud duke," tlie monk
interposed, coining quickly forward, "I
urn at the bottom of all this. J have
come to prevent this foul work!"
Rosalind had started to hor  feet when
"Will you not change yoiu dress, my
mistress?"   asked    Zenobie,   in   a   low, ,
tremulous tone. she lirst beard  Rurlc's voice; and  now,
"No. nu," the maiden replied; and as the monk spoke, a ray of hope darted
lier voice sounded strangely oven In her tu her soul, and with a quick bound
own eur.it was so low and hollow. I she reachoi her lover'ssid
"Why should 1 dress for the sacrifice?
The   dumb   beast   may suffer   garlands
neck before being led to the
beutl.en altar: but, alas! God has not
given me u brute's ignorance to help mo
now. No. no. Zenobie. I will nut dre-s
fur the bride."
"Hilt tlie dllke expects it."
"1 care nut.    lie cannot ask me to  do
He   may do   ail   be wills, lor  I   am
here, but he dare not ask."
my   dear   mistress."   cried   tin1
Rurie! Ruric!" ll was all she could
sav: and witli a gushing, whelming
Hood of tears she pillowed lier head
upon liis bosom, and liis stout arms were
wound fondly about her.
������Fear not," lie whispered, "for oh!
Rosalind, thou art safe now."
Tlie mad duke saw the iiioveineni, and
witli a bitter curse he started towards
"Now by the living gods!" he shouted,
witli   his   fists   clenched   and   Iii
faithful girl, throwing  her arms about, ��� flashing lire, "you   have come to   your
tbe neck  of her mistress, and weeping death!     What,    bo,    there!���Without!
Zenobie   looked
she did not speak.
There is one more scene lu the ducal
palace, and it goes on at the vo'Y lime
while the duke and liis tool are together.
Vladimir, the monk, was iu the chamber of the countess, und the fair occupant and her maid were there with him.
"And von are sure he means to make
you his wife tu-day?" said the monk, in
COUtlnuatlon uf a conversation vliicb bad
been going on for some moments���"Hint
he will have the ceremony performed
whether you consent or nut?"
"Vos,   sir,"   the  countess  lniirniured.
"Ood will   sunn
wretched    maiden
that I   Slaves, where are yuu?''
In a moment more tho side door was
thrown open, and a dozen of tlie duke's
servants came rushing in.
"Ha!" Olga cried, "yuu are in time!
Seize these dogs! Kill tbem on the spot
My sorrow will soon ' if they offer one act of resistance. At
them now!    Down witli the dogs!"
"lloi.n!" It was Vladimir who spoke,
and every arm dropped as thoy heard
that voice, ll was different from the
voice they had heard the fat monk use
The duke started as though a thunder-
she   did   so. "would   to  (iod
could bear this for you."
"I thank you all the same, my dearest
friend." the countess replied, gazing
gratefully up into lier attendant's face:
"but it matters nut much now. 1 shall
not  suffer   Ion
inquiringly   up,  but,
take  me  home," the
murmured,   after   a
pause.    "I feel the chill hand  upon  my
heart oven   now, and 1 know that  earth
cannot bind my spirit,  long witli   such a   bolt had burst at his feet.
curse upon it!
Zenobie had no words of consolation
more to offer, so she did all she cunld
du. She drew the head of her mistress
Upon lier bosom, anil there she held it
for a long lime. She held ll thus until
Hie door of the apartment was opened
and a female domestic entered,
"Lady," the new-comer said, trembling perceptibly while she spoke, "tho
She guzed into the strange mail's face a  duko bade me tell you lie  awaited   your
few moments after >bo had spokon, and i dug below in thu hall."
then, starting quickly up, she threw hor-
se|f upon her knees before him.
"Oh!" she cried, with her clasped liunds
raised bofore blm, "can you not help me
In this bitter moment? Do not say no.
Oli, I know yuu have some strange power
���and yuu may help me.    Yuu  cannot
She stopped bore, and seemed   tu wall
for   uu  answer: Inn   Rosalind   did   nut
"What answer shall I give him, lady?"
Al, tills the countess  started   up, but
she sunk buck again without speaking,
Ten bim we will  come," interposed
know the misery I suffer.  Oh I earth has   Zenobie. who  saw thai   the   aniiounci
no pangs  more   cruel !
catalogue of woes there
���Who art thou?" he gasped, staggering further back.
"Olga���Duke of Tule," spoke the
monk, lu tunes which sounded strange
for him. because they were so different
rroiii those ho had been wont to use, "I
am thy i tasterl"
As lie spoke he throw open the long
black robe which enveloped his person,
and east It upon the Hour at his feel, and
there lei It lay. a huge pile of wadding
and stuffing! Tlie vast, rotundity of Ills
person was gone, and the strange man
now Stood III Ills own lair form, His
chin���that proiiiliieiitc.bin���was no more
bidden, and he wus but ii small minium much more than the buy I'uul who
tin id near him. Next lie placed his
hand lo his head and lore away the tight
skull-cap, and tlie ring ol grey hair cam
In the   whole  ment bad taken the last powor of effort  away with It, leaving a cluster of glossy
Is   untiling inure   from lier inistn
bitter.    Sir���"   and   the  maiden   raised
both hands toward heaven   as  she  thus | as the messenger hesitated and gazed
continued���"sooner than be that man's  quisitively Into her face.
wife I would with my own hand let mv
life-blood, were not the act a sin against
my God!   But you may help me."
"Alas, lady! I cannot help   you now."
"Oh���say not so.
flee from here���you
"Yes���yes," whispered   the   countess,
And with   this  the woman   left   the
"My dear mistress." spoke   Zenobie.
hair float ing down over the neck aud
"It is the Hmi'Kuuu!" gasped Savotano,
staggering back.
"Aye," cried Peter, turning his darkly
Ilasliinir eyes upon tlie staggering duke,
"1 am your Emperor    Paul, go and call
hiding-place���somo    place   where    my
days  can  be spent in safety from   tills
great evil."
"Hut how can I help vou away, lady?"
"Because you  know some secret en
You  can   help me j to her aio, "nil  means of   help and es
can  lind  me   some; cape we have  tried  In vain.   The   time
has come
"Oh, God have mercy!" groaned tha
"And we must meet it, since there Is
no further hope.   It will be better to go
trance to the palace. You know some i down at once than to arouso the bad
secret passage, else you would not be I man's anger by more delay. Wore there
here now." the least glimmer of hope, wo would not
"True," the monk replied, In a per
plexed tone, "I do know such a way, for
by that way I  came, and   by that way
now calling all her power of self-control [ the guard.'
Tbe boy hastened from the palace, and
when he returned he was followed by a
party uf the imperial guard.
"Mercy! mercy! sire!" gasped tho
duke, sinking down upon his knees.
But the emperor answered blm not.
He onlv turned to his guard and bade
tbem secure tho dukeand tho foul priest.
Rosalind Valdai gazed upon tho transformed man until the strango truth
worked Its way to her struggling mind,
and then sho turned onco more to Ruric.
���She gazed up into his face,  and she saw
go; but there is not.    You know what I
A few moments Rosalind  sat like one
the holy smile which rested there. The
joyful truth came to her now, and with
one long, low cry of frantic hope and
bliss she sank on her noble lover's breast.
She could not speak���she could only
cling closely and u ore close to lier beloved protector, and with lier head pillowed on his breast close by the heart
that beat for her. she wept away all the
grief of her opened soul.
"Olga," spoke the emperor, after the
nobleman bud boon firmly bound, "your
race of iniquity is run."
"No, no, sire," the duke cried, iu humble, supplicating tones, "say not, so. In
ibis single tiling I may have been wrong,
but let my mud, consuming love be some
palliation fur my offence. Oh! you will
not crush me with public shame for tills, j
You will not cast from you one who loves -
you well."
"Oh! miserable man,'' said Peter, with
a look of utter contempt upon the base j
wretch, "add not perjury to your already j
accumulated crimes. Hark you: Some j
mouths since 1 knew there was a conspiracy in my capital, and I knew there
was much of evil, too, which was never !
reported to me, 1 resolved to ferret it I
out, and to that end I meant to mingle
among my people without their knowing
me. So I had that rube made, and so
stuffed and wadded, that 1 could even
hide my chin in Hie seeming fat. 1 as-
sumed the garb, and iny own master-at- j
anus did not at lirst know me. Once In '
a while I mude my page assume the garb,
and be seen in it about the city, and thus '
all thought of Buspoctlngine was cut off,
I have been at work, Olga, and 1 have
found out all 1 sought. It was a mere
accident that threw me in the way of
th'is young gunmaker, and It was ny accident, too, that I overheard the Count
Damonoff and his companion discussing
tbe subject of their mission to the gun-
maker's simp. Of course, I followed j
that scheme up, and 1 should have
snatched our fair countess fiom your |
grasp ere this, had I not boon desirous of
arriving at another point lirst. Perhaps |
you know that the Princess Sophia and |
the Minister (lalitzeu have planned a
grand overthrow ot my throne. Ah, you
tremble! And now, my noble duke,"
the emperor continued, in a deeper tone,
"I have learned of your own guilt in
that affair. 0! you love me, do yon?
But I know vou. Two of your poor
tools are in my hands. They are named
Totma and Viska. They havo made a
full confession, and I know all your villainies. Dl know what you have planned
against this noble countess, and against
her noble lover; I know what you have
planned against Count Damonoff; and I
know, too, what you have planned
against the emperor. Not a word, sir!
You are the Duke of Tula no more. A
more worthy man wears the ducal coronet from this hour. Rurle Nevel shall
assume the station you have dissraced,
and I know he will enoble it once more."
As Peter ceased speaking ho waived
liis hand to his ollicers, and they bore
the prisoners from the room. The priest
said not a word, but Olga cursed bitterly
and loudly.
When the villains had gone, Peter
stepped forward and took Rosalind's
hand. Their was a tear in bis bright
eye, and ins nether lip trembled.
"Fair cousin," he said, in a low, soft
tone, "I could not promise thee that
thou shouldst not wed with the Duke of
Tula, for I had even then planned that
you should do that thing. But it will
not be very hard, will it?"
The countess gazed up, and a murmur
of thanks was upon her lips; but tlie
gushing flood started forth anew, and
she could only look the joyful blessings
she could not speak. Peter imprinted
a kiss upon her pure brow, and then
gave her hand to Ruric, and as he did so
lie said, with a warm smile:
' You must be her guardian hereafter,
and should you tire of the duty your emperor will be ever ready to grant her the
asylum she needs.''
���;:-        *        ,:���        ���:-        *:���        a        ^
A week had passed away, from the
time of tlie strange scene just recorded.
The former duke, Olga, bad been convicted uf treason, and was now on his
witv to tlie eternal wilds of Siberia. But,
let me say here: He never reached the
land of bis banishment, liis proud
heart broke on the road, and he died.
unknown and uncared for. in a peasant's
cot among the rugged mountains uf
I'ralia. lie had begged uf tlie nlliccr
who guarded him not lo tell his station,
and the peasants supposed they were
burling a common traveller when Ibey
laid away tlie mortal remains of Olga in
tlie cold grave they had prepared.
Savotano, Hie liumped-backed priest,
was executed as a common murderer,
while his companions in crime were punished as their various degrees of guilt
And nuw come tlie closing scene.
Within the largest upai tinoiit of the
ducal palace were assembled a brilliant
company, and tho emperor himself was
master of the ceremonies.
RuricNevel, the Gunmaker of Moscow,
knelt at the emperor's feet; and Peter
drew his sword and laid the glittering
blade upon Rurlc's shoulders. And as
lie diil su he said :
"Arise, Sir Ruric, Duke of Tula, and
receive thy just title and bunded instruments."
Tlie youth arose, pale and trembling
with Hie strange exclleinent uf Hie moment, and llicn the emperor handed bim
a biuad parchment roll, with Its heavy
seals and vlgnutlo bearing the arms uf
the dukedom.
"Now," cried Peter, whose brow was
flushed wllb the joy he himself was making, "let  the rest, of  the  work  go on.
Conic, holy father, wo i d vour help lo
perforin tho rest, of the ceremony."
Rurle was pale no lunger.    As be fell,
the warm bund of Rosalind trembling
wiiliin Ills uwii the rich blood mounted
Iii liis brow and temples, and in his dan.
eyes Ilie strange love-ligln danced like
reflected sunbeams.
Tlie word was' spoken��� tlie bond of
union was made, and alter ull, Rosalind
Valdai had become Duuhoss of Tula.
The widuwed mother was thu lirst, to
bless thorn���und the emperor camo next.
Then came Paul and Zenobie, hand in
"Aha," spoke the happy duchess, as
she caught the new light of Zeuobiu's
eye, and then turned to the glowing face
ot Paul, "yuu are playing at the game of
"You will not object," whispered the
fair girl, hiding her face upon the bosom
of her mistress.
"No, no, Zenobie."
"And you, my master." spoke Paul,
gazing eagerly into Rurlc's face, "you
will not say nay."
"No, no, my noble Paul. If you can
win her you have my consent."
She was won already.
There was yet one more to come.  Conrad, Count Damanoff, somewhat pale and ]
weak, but yet on the sure road to health,
moved slowly forward and took tlie hand
of the joyous bride.    Then  lie reached !
forth the other hand and took the palm !
of   Ruric,   and as   lie   thus held both j
their bands, he said :
"My lord and lady���and, I must say, |
my best friend���let this moment atune
for all the darkness between us in tlie
past. Be you happy both, and may God
bless you. Let me be accounted among
vour friends, and let the future show
grateful 1 can be."
"Aye," cried Ruric, grasping the
count's hand more firmly, "let the future show how grateful we can all be for
the blessings of this hour; and while we
look to God for help we will not fail to
remember in our prayers the authors of
our joys���our noble emperor���Peter of
And so the scene closed as it should���
with one long, long shout of,:
"God bless our emperor I"
Peter never forgot that moment. In
the long years thereafter, when hesoine-
times let the clouds of passion settle upon
his soul, he remembered that scene and
that shout. It was one of tho bright
spots iu tlie memory of his youth which
he cherished always.
I't'lIK   I'.XD.l
A Country Home.
Pot* Sale, a House and Two Choice Lots in.
a progressive (own in the country, convenient iu New Westminster, Within stone's
throw of railway depot. Suitable for a jobbing uarpontor. Price $200, on easy terms.
Tlie material of the building cost, si"1'. F"r
particulars apply at office of the Pacific
Canadian. New Westminster, or to tlie
owner. JOSEPH SHANNON. Cloverdale,
Pure Bred Berkshire
The undersigned, breeder of Pure Bred
Berkshire Swine, bus always on hand pigs of
all ages, whicli will be sold at reasonable
prices.   Applv to
��� Cloverdale, B.C.
ii. Abbott and .1. M. Buxton, of Vancouver, are back from Cariboo, where
they went to inspect the work being
done on the mining claim on Horsefly
Creek, In which they are Interested.
The water [or this mine has to be
brought a considerable distance, but the.
drain Is almost completed. The company has also found it necessary tu put
through a road fur 45 miles from the
108-mlle post on the Barkerville stage
road in order to be able to get the machinery in to the claim. Of this road 88
miles have been constructed and the remainder will be completed in tbe early
spring. Tlie Chinamen along the Quesnelle appear to bo doing very well. Most
of them wore very reticent, but one said
that a man with a rocker averaged from
���$10 to $50 a day. They brought some
very good samples down with them, and
from what they saw thoy aro both convinced that old Cariboo has vet much
mineral wealth awaiting tho coming of
thoso who dare risk the cost of seeking
commencing at in a.m., on the
18th day uf October. 1808, I will offer lor
sale a great portion of the land known ax
"The Commonage," between Okanagan
and Long Hakes, and mostly situated on
the shores of those lakes. There ar��
'J.V.i lots, varying from one acre to fortj
acres iu extent.
Tkiims of Sai.k.���The parcels of land
Which front on the lake will be offered at
an upset price of $10 per acre, and the
remaining parcels at 82.50 per acre.
Payments,���One-third cash and tho
remainder in six and twelve months, with
Interest at six per cent.
Maps and catalogues may be obtained
from Government Land Ollice, Victoria,
and Vernon.
Assistant Commissioner of Lands
and Works.
Vernon, August 30th, 1803.
Corner MeKenzie ant CoWia Street IKW WESTMINSTER,
SHAVING   PARLOR  ATTACHED.       D. Walker, Manager.
D. S. CURTIS & Co., New Westminster. 8
Ottawa, Oct. 10.���Lord Aberdeen has
taken a pew lu St. Andrew's Preseyter-
ian Church.
Brockville, Oct. 10.���A. F. Merrill,
publisher of the lirst daily paper in
Brockville, is dead, aged 50.
Loudon. Oct. 1(1.���John Henderson, a
well-to-do farmer at Nissouri, was killed
near Tliorndale bv lightening.
Albert Gainsb), aged :ii, wis drowned
In Rainy river while attempting to run
the rapids In a canoe.
Toronto, Oct. 9.���Henry Smith, for the
past quarter of a century one of tho
most prominent business men in Bradford, died in this city yesterday, aged 82
Agiiicourt, Oct. a.��� Miss Richardson,
neice of Mrs. W. R. Matthews, who was
killed by the Canadian Pacific train here
on Saturday, died last evening from injuries received in tlie same accident.
The street railways In Toronto earned
893,738 during September, the greatest
earnings in the history of the road. Of
this the city gets 87,41!) as its share.
The number of passengers carried was
3,318,015, exclusive of transfers.
Ottawa, Oct. 9.���Thero is likely to bo
a repetition of the trouble at Oka among
the Indians there. Chief Timothy is
here to see the lion. Mr. Daly, Minister
of the Interior, and says that the old
feuds between the Indians and Seminary
over certain lands are again brewing.
Cornwall, Ont., Oct. 10.���The Presbyterian Church, at Winchester, was somewhat damaged by lire last week, i ,r-
cumsluiices make it appear that some
person or persons entered the church
and poured the contents of an oil cuu un
the floor and set lire to it. Luckily tlie
Haines were noticed earlv.
London, Oct. 9,���After a trial at the
assizes here, lasting four days, the jury
brought iu a verdict of manslaughter
against tho three Freeman brothers,
culorod.on trial for the murder of Policeman Rankin, of Chatham, while attempting to arrest one of the brothers. Geo-
Alexauder and William Freeman were
each sentenced to life imprisonment.
It is rumored that a now line of steamers will ply between Toronto, Niagra and
Lewlston next spring, lu opposition to
the Niagara Navigation Company. The
New York Central Railroad is said to bo
the promoter of the new line, which will
endeavor to re-capture the traffic which
has beeti diverted to tbe new electric
road running along tbe Canadian side of
the Niagara river.
Ono of the heaviest failures in Toronto
for a long time took place on Saturday,
when Laughlln M. Livingston made an
assignment for the benefit of bis creditors. The trouble involves over a quarter of million dollars' worth of real estate
situated on the principal thoroughfares
of tho city. The Bank of Commerce and
tbe Bank of Hamilton are largely Interested, but aro well secured.
Port Hope, Out., Oct. 11.���Lust night,
as Hooper was about to be taken back to
Cobourg jail at the close of the inquest,
Provincial Government Detective Carpenter, of Montreal, handed the coroner
a warrant from the Quebec authorities
for Hooper's arrost, and demanded his
prisoner. Hooper was accordingly handed over to him, and the two left at midnight for Montreal. Much indignation
Is expressed here over the matter, the
coroner's jury protesting loudly.
Toronto, Oct. 10.���Messrs. E. B. Osier
and Hugh Ryan, of Toronto, A. M. Na'u-
tou, of Winnipeg, Senator Ferguson, of
Niagara Falls, and Senator McLaren, of
Perth, aro applying at Ottawa for incorporation as tbe Canada Meat and
Packing Company, with a capital of
8350,000, and headquarters at Toronto.
They propose to carry on the same sort
of meat packing business as Armour,
Swift and Hammond do iu Chicauo. The
abbatoirs will be located iu Manitobauud
the North West.
A long and useful life of a brave seaman and soldier was brought to u close
by the demise of Captain Robert Douglass Stupart, R.N., who has for a number of years resided iu Toronto. He is
a son of Admiral Gustavus Stupart, who
fought under Neisou and who was in
constant service during the long period
of French wars. When the Crimean war
broke out Stupart sailed under Admiral
Sir Charles .Napier to tbe Bultic, aud
while there attained the rank of commander.
hurrying   to   Honolulu   in   advance   of
Minister Willis, who is now  on   his way
to this city, and expects to leave on the
next regular  Hawaiian  steamer.     It is
stated that Mr. Mills is engaged to marry
Marie Along, daughter of a prominent
Chinese merchant of  Honolulu.     Marie
Along is now in Chicago with lier mother
I and married sister, but is expected to return  with them next month to prepare
for  the  celebration  of  the  nuptials of
Captain Whiting and   Miss  Etta Along,
| which occurs In December.
San Francisco, Oct. 10.���The Mid-Winker Exeeutiue Committee will prepare a
programme each day while the Fair is
open. Under this plan there will be
California day. and a day for each county in the State, with a day for each city.
There will also be an Oregon, a Washington, an Arizona, and a Utah day and
so on. There will bo English, French,
Irish, Austrian, Gorman and Spanish
days, and days for other prominent nationalities. Native Sons, Masons, Odd
Fellows, Forresters, Knights of Pythias.
Workmen and other beneficial organisations will have some period In which special feature may be made of their aims
and work. The recognised holidays occurring during the season iu whicli the
Fair will be in progress will necessarily
take precedence, and Washington's birthday will be the chief.
An Alaskan correspondent of the Post.
\Intelligencer writes as follows! "Tlie coal
j mine   opened  at  Port   Union,   some (!()
; miles east   of   Unlmak   Pass,   has boon
given up by the  company owning it on
account of failure to lind the coal In sufficient Quantities to pay.    The quality
of coal found at this place was excellent.
I specially adapted for steamer purposes.
but tlie development Of the deposit showed tlie coul to be in pockets, and as there
wus no prospect of a true vein being discovered, work was discontinued this
spring. All of the coal so far found
In Alaska Is llgnltic and Is not so well
adapted for steaming purposes as the
bituminous coals found further south;
It Is highly probable that tho coal fields
of Washington and Vancouver Island
will continue to supply Alaska with coal
for many years to come "
Washington, D. C, Oct. 3.���Mr. S. W.
Lamorcaux, the Commissioner of the
general land ollice, in his annual report
to tho Secretary of the Interior, shows
that during the fiscal year, ending June
30th, 1803, thore were patented for the
benefit of railway companies, under Congressional grants, 1,730,17!) acres.
Washington, Oct. 9.���The circular Issued by United States Superintendent of
Immigration Stump, to carry out the
agreement with Canadian transportation
Hues as to the inspection of immigrants
bound for tho United States, who landed
In Canada, provides for an immigrant
certificate which entitles the holder to
admission into the United States when
properly certified by the United States
Commissioner at the port of entry. The
certificates describe the immigrants.
The circular also provides for tlie payment of head tax by the steamer landing
the immigrants. The pn-ts of Halifax,
Quebec, Point Levis, Vantou.... '"id Victoria, are the only ports at which such
Immigrants shall be landed.
j condition of Italy, anil the probable effect i
of this condition on her relations  to the I
Triple Alliance.    Recently  the  position j
of the Italian Government was so uiicer- i
tain that a Berlin syndicate hesitated to
advance the 40.000,00() marks  necessary
foi the payment of the January coupons.
French financiers,   doubtless incited by
the Carnot Government,  had   suddenly
placed   tbe   Italian   Government  in   an
awkward predicament..   The Paris bunkers, with whom  tlie  Italian rentes were
mortgaged for a loan of 45,000,000 francs,
demanded    Immediate    payment.      At
about tlie same time the Italian treasury. I
although canvassing every financial con- \
tre for a prospective rente loan of lioo,-
000,000  francs,  issued an order making
tlie payment of coupons  in   gold abroad
subject  to  sworn  affidavits   and   other
vexatious formalities, evidently designed
to delay the delivery of the coin.
The Cost of Ancient Ltncact/.
The following extracts from an ancient
account book give an idea of the style of
living in Paris at tlie end of the seventeenth century. The household of a
grand seigneur consisted of an In tendon t,
an almoner, a secretary, an eciiyer, two
valets, a janator, a steward. 1111 officer
of the butler's pantry, a cook, a butler's
pantryman, two kitchen attendants, a
kitchen maid, two pages, six or four
lackeys, two coachmen, two postillions,
two carriage attendants, four stable
boys, a "Swiss" or porter, an intenilent's
valet, an almoner's valet, a secretary's
valet, an ecuyer's valet, and a steward's
Groensbiirg, Pa.. Oct. 10.���One ol the
bloodiest battles that lias taken place in
this country for years occurred at Sutcr-
ville lust evening between Hungarians
of tlie Black Hall and Hlylliedule mines,
In which clubs, stones and knives ligui-
ed as the  weapons,   and  during   which
three of the Hungarians were terribly
Injured, two of them fatally. None of
the participants has yet been arrested
Sau Antonio, Tex., Oct. 10.���Marcus
Koeniiiglieiin, a wealthy pawn bo k or of
this county was found murdered at his
home here this morning, His body was
horribly mutilated, ll is supposed the
crime was committed by burglars, as his
safe was rill-d of several thousand dollars worth of diamonds und jewelry
The family of the Koeuiiiglielin's  are In
the north visiting.
A letter from Dutch Harbor. Alaska,
(Ays thai tlie annual quota of 7,500 seals
allowed 10 be taken on Hie seal Islands,
have all boon secured with tho exception
01 160 which tho Company have loft to
be secured later in Hie  season, so us  lo
give the mil Ives 11   chance to | ire  the
leal cureasses for food lor Winter use.
The native sea otter catch Is placed ill
350, which Is very low. und It Is feared
many Indians will suffer this winter.
New York. Oct. ll.���A Recorder special
from Topeku, Kims., says : J. Arrell
Johnson, of Topeka, announced yesterday that he had discovered a liquid preparation that would change the color of
the African and make blm u white man.
He says he has experimented on two
negroes and that Ids preparation does
the work. He suys lie will open an establishment lo put, his discovery Into
operallo 1. lie thinks his fortune will lie
made when his id. a Is Introduced lu the
South. Johnson Is a rusuectcd and reliable citizen.
San Francisco, Oct. 10.���Mr. Ellis
Mills, of Virginia, formerly secretary to
Minister Blount, and only recently appointed American Consul General to Hawaii, arrived In tins city last night and
departed for the Islands this afternoon
on the steamer Oceanic.     Mr.  Mills is
The almoner's salary wus Sll), the
ecuyer's 880, tlie steward's 9H.0, tho
cook's S00, and so on, the entire expenditure In wages of .'Hi persons for one your
amounting to 8803. Tlie entire expenditure in food, drink, fuel and light of 3D
persons for one year amounted to $1,-
907.50, The grand seigneur's table,
served by twelve persons twice 11 duy,
and kitchen, laundry, fuel and light.
cost In all per year, S3,370.15. The
grand seigneur had 14 horses for bis
carriages, and 10 saddle horses, and
their cost in food and treatment was, per
year, ��3,117.
Thus the maintenance of a well regulated household, comprising 30 servants
and 30 horses, cost in Paris, in 1700, at
the most liberal estimate, about .$7,500.
If the grand seigneur was married, the
lady bad at her service an ecuyer, a
maid, whose function was ,to do honor
to her and be her constant companion,
a chambermaid, who combed and dressed
her hair, washed and ironed her line
linen, and repaired her laces; a valet.
who was a man milliner, a page, a steward, a cook, a butler, a kitchen maid,
four lackeys, a coachman, a postillion, a
boy, seven carriage horses and four saddle horses.
If there were children, tb ere were a
governess, a nurse, a preceptor, a valet,
two lackeys, a servant for the nurse, and
the additional expenditure on wages
amounting to only 8403. A gentleman
who lived In a inn, and was content with
one valet, two lackeys, and a hired
coach, if he lived luxuriously, spent
8004 a year.���Providence Journal.
Rome, Oct. 8.���Two fresh cases of
cholera are reported to-day in Leghorn.
In Palermo there have been 34 fresh
cases, and 14 deaths iu the last 34 hours.
Brussels, Oct. 9.���A despatch from St.
Paul de Luanda says that the Belgian
troops have won an important victory
over tbe Arab slave traders near the
Stanleypool, and have taken the Arab
stronghold of Kasongo.
Berlin, Oct. 10.���It is apparent that
Prince Bismarck's return to Friedrichs-
riihe from Klssingen has been of great
benefit to him in liis convalescence. He
is growing stronger daily, sleeps well and
every day has taken a drivo with Dr.
Schwenlger, his physician.
Cincinnati, Ohio, Oct. 10.���Alarming
reports concerning the missionaries in
Persia have come to the Presbyterians
bore. Letters just received declare that
Mohammedans have petitioned their high
priests for an old-time h��ly war. Murders have already begun, one Christaiu
merchant having been hacked to pieces
after nails had been driven Into his body.
Christians have petitioned the Shah to
allow them to surrender their property
and leave for America. A general massacre is feared. .Much anxiety is felt bv
relatives of Joseph Potter and F.G.Coan.
wlio are stationed at Oroomiali, in tlie
centre of Persia.
London. Oct. ll. ��� The formal announcement will lie made here to-day
that the contract for building tlie much
talked of railroad from Haifa, in Syria,
to Damascus, has been awarded to a
Chicago firm. Hiiss ,t Townsend, who
have built several Mexican railroads for
English capitalists. Mr. Townsend said
to a correspondent to-night that the
equipment, engines and cars would probably be of American make. Tho contractors will sail for Haifa on October
18th, and will Immediately begin work.
They expect to complete the road In 18
months. The project contemplates an
extension of the road to India if Persian
concessions can be obtained.
London, Oct. 10.���The Chronicle's cor-
' respondent at Paris says: The unexpected resignation of Qen, Mathelln,
commander of the Flftoonth army corps,
i who, iu ordinary course, would have
taken command of n French campaign
against Italy, bus caused a sensation lu
Government and  army circles.     This
fooling,    the   correspondent,   savs.   has'
1 been Increased by a telegram  from Mar-
I Sollies to fiOS Jour,   which   telegram the
authorities caused to be Burprossodi suiting that iii higher military circles no)
surprise would he felt if the Italian
troops should pass the frontier to-morrow. The telegram also said Qen. Mnth-
ellli, 0 a lug to the coin!it Ion of his health,
did not feel equal to the tusk with which
I he would lie confronted If the Alpine outposts were doubled. It said further
Hint the attitude of the officers and men
1 toward Italy had become so aggressive
that even Germany was counselling
calmness and prudence. The correspond-
| ent adds that probably the reports of
anti-Italian feeling are somewhat exaggerated, but he savs It is difficult to imagine u greater unpleasantness short of
positive hostilities than now exists between France and Italy. Gen. Vuiilgren-
ant will succeed Gen. Miitbcllti.
"Berlin, Oct. 10.���While Prlnco Bismarck absorbs an Interest which nevor
tires of the minutest details regarding
him, official and diplomatic attention has
been  directed to tbo critical   financial
A simple barometer can be made by
filling a common, wlde-monthed pickle-
bottle within threo Inches of tlie top with
water. An ordinary French oil Husk
should be washed thoroughly and stripped of its straw covering. This should
be inverted and its neck plunged as far
as it will go into the pickle bottle. This
gives a complete barometer. In fine
weather the water will rise into the neck
of the flask higher than the mouth of the
pickle bottle; iu wet or windy weather it
will fall to within an inch of the mouth
of the Ilask. Before a heavy gale of
wind, and at least eight hours before the
gale reaches its height, the water has.
It is said, been seen to leave the flask
Few people, and, indeed, few yachtsmen, have any idea of ilie enormous cost
of building and racing a "cup defender."
When it is estimated that the cost of
building and racing tlie Vigilant thus finis nearly 8100,000, the 1 rutli of the old
yachtsman's remark, that International
vacht racing has become, and will here
after be, the sport of millionaires, becomes at once evident. The sails alone
of the Vigilant, some of which are largely of silk, cost 814,000, and this for material oniy.
in Tin: city.
Leading Lines:
In Tin: Inner Centre of TnB Bust-
nkss OlRGIiB,
Oor. Columbia and Mary Sts..
Have Decided to Remain.
Mr. Dolierty retires about Janury Jst, Mr. Campbell will continue the business.    Although
times are hard, Ave are doing by far the
largest  Tailoring Bnsiness in the
Province, Employing at present
-   -   -   17 hands.   -   -   -
A Few Reasons Why we do the Largest Bnsiness.
1st. We give Satisfaction in Make and Fit; there is an
artistic get up about our suits and people know it.
2nd. Although we have the finest store (consequently
high rent) and pay the highest wages,
We Sell the Cheapest.
You say, How is this. The secret is we turn out 20 suits
where others only turn out 4. If we made half the profit the
others do we make more than double the money.
20 Suits, $5.00 profit on each suit would be $100.
4 Suits, $10.00 profit on each suit would be    40.
Balance to our credit
We are making all wool good business suits for $16.00.
Irish Serge, blue and black for $18.00 and $20.00. Fine
Black Worsted cuits for $25.00. Pants for $4.50, fine black
pants for $5.75.    Overcoats for $16.00, extra quality $20.00.
We also keep on hand a select line of Ready Made Clothing���None but first-class of its kind- ,but we would advise all
who want a suit never to invest in ready made clothing when
you can get a suit to order for $16.00 and a good overcoat
for $16.00.
Samples and rules for self measurement sent promptly on
application.    Perfect fitg uaranteed.
You will flDd us in the Curtis Block.
th: store with the granite pillars.
City of New WestmiiiMter.


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