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The Pacific Canadian Oct 6, 1916

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Array THE   PACIFIC
��**y> Victoria,  B.l.
Weekly News Digest and Journal of  Observation and Comment.
Vol. I.
NEW WESTMINSTER, B. C, FRIDAY, Oct. 6,  1916.
Numbev 31
WOMEN'S ENFRANCHISEMENT.
Though woman suffrage is now, by the vote of the
people on the referendum in connection with the general election, last month, an accomplished fact in British Columbia, de jure at least���de facto, it will not
come into effect until March 1st next, nor into actual
operation until after the women have become duly enrolled on the voters' register and get an opportunity
to exercise their newly acquired franchise at the first
election that may he held in the Province thereafter,
whether that shall be a Provincial or a Dominion election���most likely the latter.
In this connection, the Toronto Globe seems to assume that legislation by the Dominion Parliament will
be necessary before women in the Provinces that have
adopted woman suffrage will have the right to vote in
Dominion elections. As the Provincial voters' lists in
this and other of the Provinces have for some years
now by Dominion enactment been accepted as the lists
for Dominion elections, we cannot see, to use, a colloquialism, what business it is of the Dominion Parliament what additions we make to our voters' register,
either by adding a lot of new male voters as they become of age from time to time, or by enfranchising
the mothers and sisters of these fledgling voters.
However, the Globe opines that "a dozen words" at
Ottawa will do the business, and, if they think they
have any "say" in the matter, they'd better say the
"dozen words" and be quick about it; for neither the
women of British Columbia, Alberta, Saskatchewan,
or Manitoba, who have all been accorded the franchise
within the year, nor the new Liberal Government of
British Columbia on behalf of our women, will stand
having the franchise clipped of any of its privileges.
While these little preliminaries are being adjusted
���the ground cleared, so to speak, for the newly enfranchised "better half" of the electorate to get to
work���and there is no reason why it cannot all be done
before the first occasion offers for the exercise of that
franchise, the interval can be profitably employed by
the women themselves and the friends of the suffragist or feminist movement generally in the necessary
work of preparation and education for the new duties
and responsibilities soon to be assumed and exercised.
As has been well said elsewhere, with the mere attaining of the legal recognition of the right of women to
vote, women's battle is not over. Nay, it has but begun. The passing of woman suffrage has but placed
in woman's hand the golden key of opportunity, and
the plain duty of the women who led in securing that
key is to inaugurate a wide-spread campaign of popular
education in the use of it, which, happily, there is
every indication the women realize and are preparing
go to do,
The men, have not, on the whole, so seriously realized the importance and sacredness of the ballot or so
conscientiously and wisely used it that they can afford
to talk down to the women or assume lofty or patronizing airs on the subject. They can assist in "educating" the new electorate, however, in some phases of
political knowledge, theoretical and practical, which
the masculine mind naturally most readily grasps, and
it will be to the interest of both that they should do
so. The exercise of the franchise is, after all, as has
been said, an important part of the political education
of the voter. To ask women to be politically educated
before they vote is to ask people to learn to swim before entering the water or to ask the aviator to master
his art by sticking to terra firma.
There can be no reasonable doubt that the supplementing and complementing of the exclusively masculine element and spirit in politics and legislation by its
feminine counterpart will have elevating and beneficial
effects, that will become increasingly apparent after
the new electorate shall have time and opportunity to
become effective.   Those timid or super-conservative
��� ���    * souls of box sexes who, even with woman suffrage enacted, fear that we have launched upon an uncertain
"sea of troubles," mav console themselves by contemplation of the apparent inevitability and rapidly approaching universality of the reform.   To go no further, it is nothing short-of phenomenal the way it has
swept the whole of Western Canada, beginning with
Manitoba, into the fold, within less than nine months,
after long ago overrunning Australasia and more recently a large part of the United States,   besides capturing Scandinavia and setting its cap, with promise
of early success, at the verv bulwark of conservatism,
Great Britain.   Yes, we are in good company,  and
woman suffrage has evidently come to   stay.   British
Columbia, therefore, might as well set its house in order���it has made a good beginning with prohibition
and a new Govei nment���for a life of "double blessedness" politically,
THE FRASER FISHERIES.
We noted a suggestion, last week, made by Mr. H.
0. Bell-Irving, at the sitting of the Dominions Royal
Commission in Vancouver, to the effect that a Royal
Commission should go thoroughly into the somewhat
large and varied subject of the fisheries of British
Columbia, and that, in the meantime, no new canneries
should be permitted on main rivers in the Province,
and that, from 1918 to 1920, both years inclusive presumably, the Fraser River should be closed to fishing
to allow it to recuperate from a condition which he
said was deplorable. Sir George Foster, Minister of
Trade and Commerce in the Borden Government, said
he would place Mr. Bell-Irving's suggestions before
the Government.
No one else, so far as we have observed, backed up
those suggestions. There was once a man, according
to Mark Twain, who was willing to sacrifice all his
wife's relations on the altar of. his country. Mr. Bell-
Irving may be distantly related to that patriot. At
any rate, his willingness to close up the Fraser for a
period and inhibit the placing of any more canneries
on main rivers is not entirely disinterested. Mr. Bell-
Irving has, we believe, one cannery on the Fraser
and a large and varied assortment of canneries elsewhere on the coast, from Puget Sound to Alaska. The
price of salmon is pretty good now. Limiting the canneries and closing the Fraser would enable it to be
boosted another notch, which would leave Mr. Bell-
Irving a nett gainer (no pun intended) whatever happened the Fraser River fishermen, packers, and others
interested solely or principally in the fisheries of this
river.
As to the alleged "deplorable condition" of the
Fraser River salmon fishery, the present year, the returns for which have not yet been made up, is admittedly a record "off year." Being the last in the four-
year cycle before the expected "big year," a poor
season was looked for���not quite such a fall down, so
far as the sockeye run is concerned, as eventuated;
but the season has been a very peculiar and remarkable one���an unusually wet, cold and late spring,
which would naturally delay the run and cause the
fish to swim deep; and every inlet and river in British
Columbia has witnessed the same thing���a short run
of sockeye this year. Another most unusual phenom-
on is the reported presence of large numbers of sockeyes outside at this late date. At the same time, the
hatcheries up river have obtained an usually good supply of salmon for spawning purposes.
It will thus be seen that it is too early to jump to
conclusions from the admittedly disappointing experience of the fishermen this year, so far, on the Fraser.
Going back to last year, 1915, the total Fraser River
pack, 289,199 cases, considerably exceeded the expectations for that season, besides heading the list of
fishing districts in the Province, and the comparative
packs of a number of immediately preceding years
does not give ground for indulgence in any extravagant pessimism as to the fisheries of the Fraser. Here
they are, working backward: 1914, 328,390 cases;
1913,732,059 (the last "big year"); 1912. 173,059;
1911, 301,344; 1910, 223,148; 1909, 567,203 ("bigyear"
again, and nearly 200,000 cases short of 1913); 1908,
89,184 (how is that for a fall-down?) The "bigyears,"
going farther back, show; 1905,877,136; 1901,990,-
252; 1897, 860,459, Next year is due to be a "big
year" again, and the way things have been going it is
not unlikely to be quite up to average,
There are some other interesting facts bearing upon
the development and value of the Fraser River fisheries to the fishermen and others directly interested and
the community generally. One is, that, while there
has been some falling off in the sockeye runs (which
the hatcheries it is hoped may repair), there has been
an increasing and profitable utilization for some years
of what used to be considered inferior and non-
marketable runs, such as dog salmon and hump-
packs. This has had the tendency to extend the fishing season over a large part of the year, instead of
being compressed into about six weeks chiefly during
the sockeye run. The benefits of this tendency, industrially and economically, are not hard to see. One
result is to give the fisherman a uniform and much
better price for his catch. This, by the way, is an important compensatory feature of ' 'off years,'' whereof
the prices this present year are a telling illustration,
ranging from 60c or 65c each for springs to 25c per
for the once despised dog salmon.
On the whole, we don't think we'll have the Fraser
River closed to fishing to please Mr. Bell-Irving,
of Vancouver, and, even though he might be one of
the chosen to draw down $30 per, Sundays included,
on��his suggested Royal Commission, the several hundred thousand that could easily be thus squandered (a
la Bowser et al.) would be much better expended in
developing the fisheries in various ways, including the
hatcheries.   Borden Government papers please copy.
HERE AND THERE.
Monday next, Oct. 9, is Thanksgiving Day, set
apart for national thanksgiving and recognition of a
bountiful and overruling Providence in the affairs of
men. As Canadians, we have much to be thankful
for, even in connection with this terrible war in which
we are, as an integral part of the Empire, worthily
bearing a part, but whose worst ravages we have been
spared.
"In a recent book by Stephen Graham, one of the
highest living authorities on Russian affairs, it is stated that Siberia���Asiatic Russia-has two million more
inhabitants than Canada, or a little more than 9,000,-
000, and yet it has only three cities with a population
of 100,000 each. The desert aspects of Siberia are disappearing and a "healthy promise" of future affluence
is opening before the land.
About the middle of August, we were told that Sir
Robert Borden had definitely abandoned his proposed
trip to Great Britain, and that he and Sir Thos. White
would tour the west the latter part of September and
deliver a number of "patriotic speeches" here and
there. These stars of the first magnitude haven't appeared, however. In their place we have had Sir Geo.
Foster, Hon. Martin Burrell, and Hon. Dr. Reid, but,
with the exception of the first, they haven't made
much of a splash. Can it be that the severe frost at
the Coast on Sept. 14th had anything to do with
changing the Ministerial plans ?
Theodore Roosevelt, speaking, the other day, on
behalf of Chas. E. Hughes, Republican candidate for
President, attacked President Wilson's foreign policy
as "the policy of vacillation," and in the case of the
Lusitania outrage as "humiliating and ignoble." "I
have been asked what I would have done if I had been
President when the Lusitania was torpedoed," he said,
and answered: "I would instantly have taken possession of every German ship interned in this country,
and then I would have said: 'Now, we will discuss
not what we will give, but what we will give back.' "
The statement was wildly applauded.
President J. A. Cunningham of the B. C. Manufacturers' Association, is of the opinion, says the
Province, that the Dominion Government might get
over the difficulty of appointing a Canadian customs
officer at New York by using the two steamers it
bought from the Hudson Bay Company and which
have been running to the West Indies as direct carriers
via the Panama Canal from Eastern Canadian to Western Canadian ports. Mr. Cunningham thinks that the
fact that the Government owns a wharf in Vancouver
should be a point in favor of this proposition. British
Columbia, he says, has been suffering from a lack of
tonnage and this proposal might afford some relief.
The frightful destruction of forests by shot and
shell in Belgium and Northern France is described by
a recent writer in American Forestry. The writer
says: "It would not be at all surprising to learn,
when the war is over, that there remains on Belgian
soil no timber of commercial value; that her scenic
forests have been wiped out; and that thousands of
her roadside and street trees have been used for fuel
and for other purposes by the Germans. In northern
France, on both sides of the fighting front, great
damage has been done the forests, not only by the
tremendous bombardments which have marked the
fighting there and by the hail of bullets from small
arms which have swept divested spaces, but by the
trench-builders, the road engineers, and others who
needed timber for construction work."
The British spirit in this war, in fact, the spirit of
the Allies generally, was well expressed by Rt. Hon.
David Lloyd-George, Secretary of State for War, in a
press interview lately: "Britain has only begun to
fight. The British Empire has invested thousands of
its best lives to purchase future immunity for civilization. This investment is too great to be thrown
away." Asked how long he figured this can and
must go on, Lloyd-George answered: "There's neither
clock nor calendar in the British army to-day. Time
is the least vital factor. Only the residt counts���not
the time consumed in achieving it. It took England
twenty years to defeat Napoleon, and the first fifteen
of those years were black with British defeat. It will
not take twenty years to win this wai, but, whatever
time is required, it will be done, and I say this recognizing that we have only begun to win." Lloyd-George
paid equal tribute to the loyalty and determination of
the Allies, particularly France and Russia. His statements were apparently opportunely intended as a notice to any intending neutral peace-patchers that their
services will not be required till the Allies finish the
job on behalf of civilization and posterity that Germany has imposed upon them. Page 2
THE PACIFIC CANADIAN
New Westminster, B.C./Oct. 6, 181ft.
THE  PACIFIC   CANADIAN
Published every Friday from the Offices, 761 Carnarvon Street,
New Westminster, B. C, by the Pacific Canadian Printing
& Pdbushihg Co-, Ltd.
GEO. KENNEDY,
Editor and Manager
Subscription Prices;��� $1.00 per annum [in advance];   50c.   for six
months; 25c. for three months; 10c. per month;  5c. per copy.
Advertising rates on   application
Game  Persuaders
-.3-0
mWM IW M*V m I
ABOLISH PATRONAGE.
With the unmistakable mandate received by the
Liberal party, under the Leadership of Mr. Brewster,
from the electorate of British Columbia, to take over
the administration of the affairs of the Province���a
mandate only awaiting formal declaration after the
deferred counting of the soldiers' votes has been proceeded with and completed - there is a not unnatural
spirit of curiosity or inquiry abroad, both among supporters and opponents of the new Government to be,
as to just what is involved in one reform to which the
Liberal party was conspicuously committed by its leaders during the campaign���to wit, the abolishing of the
patronage system of the Bowser Government.
There would seem to be latent, lurking doubts as
to whether the policy is to be a passive or an active
one, or partly passive and partly active; whether it is
to be a case of let well enough, or ill enough, alone; a
policy of hands off, or hands on in a thorough overhauling and reconstruction of the civil service of the
Province, and the patronage question generally, on a
radically reformed basis. As the Liberal leaders are
enjoying an interval of enforced inactivity of a full
month between election day and the counting of the
soldiers' votes, imposed upon them by
Mr. Bowser's leisurely regard for their
over-worn nerves, these questions will
have to await an authoritative answer
until the slowly moving governmental
machinery, of which Mr. Bowser still
holds the lever, automatically turns the
Bowser Government out of office and the
Brewster Government in.
While not authorized to speak for the
Liberal leaders, who have had no oppor-
tun ity as yet to get together as a Government and work out the details of their
policies, it seems to us that it is not altogether impossible, by the rules of common sense and a little deductive reasoning, to reach a fair approximation of
what is to be inferred from the declared
Liberal determination to abolish the patronage system, taken in connection with
other related utterances, as to smashing
the machine, and giving returned soldiers the preference, according to qualification, in appointments to the civil service of the Province. A merely passive
policy���that is, leaving everything just
as it is, to gradually regulate itself���
would hardly be compatible with such
declarations of intention. On the other
hand, we do not expect to see a violent
and precipitate attacking of the problem,
���making changes for the sake of putting some people out and others m���but
a deliberate and sane procedure, including a general retrenchment by the
abolishing of unnecessary offices and officers, looking to an eventual thorough
reform of the service along the lines indicated.
"Smashing the machine" must inevitably be a consideration and objective
in the working out of such a policy. The
"machine" has been "smashed" in the
solar plexus���put out of business as an organic whole but it has, in the very nature
of the case, its ganglia and tentacles insinuated in and through the body politic
throughout the Province. These it will
be a work of absolute necessity, but requiring time, patience, and discrimination, to separate and remove from the
healthy and legitimate growth of an
honest, non-partisan, and efficient civil
service. We look to see fitness, efficiency, honest service, and a fair
deal all round, with no hide-bound
party favoritism, such as we have
had exemplified to the limit, the
controlling motives and principles in all
matters of patronage as handled by the
new Liberal Government.
S MODELESS
MODEL.      I6JA
To make Ducks and Drakes,
Grouse  and Pheasants
come  to Hand
DOMINION
Use   Our   Never   Failing
Smokeless Shells
Anderson   (St   Lusby
634 Columbia St.
Royal City Pork Butchers
(KENNEDY   BROTHERS)
737 Columbia St. 309 Sixth St.
We make a specialty of Cooked Meats.     Our
Properly Cooked Hams, Veal Loaf, Etc.,
are in great demand.
NEW WESTMINSTER, B. C.
Phone 219
^������^���������������������������^���������'���������������������������������������������<
4
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1
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Kenzie, reply by Reeves Sullivan and Lougheed; Our
Guest, by Lieut.-Col. F. H. Cunningham, reply by
Lieut.-Col. J. D. Taylor, M. P.; The Army and Navy,
by Mr. Geo. H. Cowan, K. C, reply by Major C. E.
Doherty, M. D., and Capt. Groves.
The banquet was an excellent and enjoyable one
and well served, and the tone of the speeches was cordial and patriotic throughout, with a tone of deep
feeling as befitted the occasion. Several much appreciated musical numbers were given by the orches*
tra, as well as solos by Mr. Marsh,
PHONES   15 and 16
GILLEY BROS, m
 Dealers in	
Crushed Rock, Sand and   Gravel,   Lime,   Cement. Plaster. Drain Tile, Etc.
Forge, House and Steam Coal.   Agricultural Lime
902 Columbia S reet
* New Westminster, B. C.
Subscribe for The Pacific Can-
adian-the coming paper-to-day
4
t
Farewell Banquet to Col. Taylor.
In anticipation of his early departure,
with bis battalion, the 131st, for overseas, Lieut.-Col. J D. Taylor, M. P.,
was given a hearty send-off banquet in
the New Westminster Club, Tuesday
night. Sixty-five representative citizens,
irrespective of political or other lines, as
well as a few visitors and guests of honor, such as Mr. Geo. H. Cowan, K. C,
ex-M.P., and Major C. E. Doherty, Assistant Director of Medical Services, C.
E. F., who was home on a brief visit,
were present.
Mayor Gray presided, and toasts were
proposed and responded tu as follows:
The King, drunk with musical honors;
The Dominion, by Mr. W. G. McQuarrie,
reply by Mr. Geo. Kennedy; The Province, by Mr. C. A. Welsh, president of
the Board of Trade, reply by His Honor
Judge Howay; Our City, by Mr. J. R.
Grant, reply by Aid. Goulet and Johnston;  The Fraser Valley, by D. E. Mac-
Indications point to big business in OVERCOATS this
Fall. We have anticipated this and are prepared to
meet the demand. Our overcoats are graceful in design and fit, handsome in pattern, and consistent with
good value.   What more can you ask for?
Prices $15.00 $18.00 $20.00 $25.00 to $35.00
Reid & McDonald
Men's, Young Men's and Boys' Clothing
707 Columbia St.    New Westminster, B. C. New Westminster, B.C.. Oc. 6, 1916
THE PACIFIC CANADIAN
Y��3
Page I
LOCAL AND GENERAL.
A. W. McLeod, the well known local
insurance agent, has been gazetted a
notary public,
Mr. Justice Murphy will preside at
the criminal assize to open here on October 16. Mr. W. G. McQuarrie is Crown
counsel. There are just five cases on
the docket.
There were registered during the
month of September in this city 80
births, 32 deaths and 24 marriages. For
September of last year there were 94
births, 28 marriages and 29 deaths.
Gordon Houghton, son of Rev. C. W.
Houghton, has enlisted for overseas service in the Queen's Battery, Kingston.
Edgar Baker, son of the late Captain
Baker, has joined the 231st Seaforths.
Sergt John Evert Paton, who left the
city as orderly room sergeant of the 47th
Battalion, is reported wounded. He was
formerly bookkeeper at the Brunette
Sawmills, and rather well known.
"SERVICE" is my motto, and it is
my aim to give the business of all clients
prompt and careful attention, not only
in writing the policies, but also in dealing with claims, rates or future changes.
Alfred W. McLeod,   the Insurance Man.
Night classes in motor construction,
engineering, dress-making and commercial subjects were organized at the
Duke of Connaught High School this
week. It was intended to teach a greater number of subjects, but the enrolment
was not sufficient.
Judgment of the Court of Appeal in
Lucas vs. The Ministerial Union, arising
out of "Crisis in B. C," has been given,
ordering a new trial, on the ground that
certain remarks in the charge of the trial
judge, Mr. Justice Morrison, were prejudicial to a fair trial.
Record prices are being paid by the
canners on the Fraser River for all varieties of fish. Qualla, popularly known as
dog salmon, are fetching 25 cents each.
They never used to be worth more than
five cents. Cohoes are fetching five
cents a pound and red springs six cents.
A religious census of the city will be
taken on Thursday afternoon and evening, October 12, according to a decision
of the Ministerial Association. It was
also decided to make an effort to have
all of the residents of the city attend
church at least once on the first Sunday
of November.
The funeral was held, Saturday afternoon, at Ladner, of the late William
James Brandrith aud was largely attended, interment taking place in the
Boundary Bay cemetery. The pallbearers were Messrs. S. S. Wright, J. Perrin,
A. Davy, R. Smith, G. Love, and E.
Foote.
Receipts at the local customs office in
September totalled J21.771.69 as compared with $16,467.01 for the same month
iast year. At the Crown timber office
the total receipts for the first half of the
fiscal year were $57,600.33, compared
with |36,374.74 in the corresponding
period of 1915.
Postoffice receipts tor the month of
September were as follows: Money orders issued $17,227.13, on which commission was $128.08; money orders paid,
$21,767.63; stamp sales, $3,433.25; box
rents, $32. This shows a considerable
fncrease over the business done for the
same month last year.
The local prisoners of war committee
will appreciate suitable donations for the
Christmas parcels to be sent to prisoners
of war in Germany. Donations should
reach the Carnarvon street rooms by
next Tuesday, as arrangements are being
made to send the parcels at an early
date. Donations of sweet cakes, candy,
tobacco, gum, socks, mittens, etc., wili
be appreciated.
A new time table goes into effect on
the B.C.E.R. Fraser Valley line next
Sunday. There is no decrease in the
service, but the running time is lengthened slightly to allow for winter conditions. The first and second passenger
trains leave this city at same time as at
present���9:20 a.m., aud 1:40 p.m.���but
the third leaves twenty minutes earlier,
at 6 p.m., and, returning, leaves Chilliwack at the same hcur.
Another New Westminster man who
gave his life for his country and the
Allied cause in the recent heavy fighting
on the Somme is Pte. Matthew Knox,
who died of wounds on Sept. 24th. Pte.
Knox was also a 104th Regiment man.
He was 23 years of age when he was attested. His mother, Mrs. J. G. Knox,
resides on Tenth street. In OctoBer,
1915, he transferred to the 72nd Battalion, Seaforth Highlanders. Sapper
Frank McBroom, formerly of the city
Health Department, is reported wonnded.
Young five year old Jack Tetley, 215
Regina street, was the victim of an unusual accident, Tuesday last, as the result of chopping a block of stove wood
with an axe. He struck what is assumed to have been a detonator, which,
he declares, was embedded in the wood.
The resultant explosion hurled the axe
back on him, inflicting a severe gash on
the head, and literally peppered him.
When his mother rushed into the shed
she found the boy unconscious', but he
qliickly revived. Dr. Walker, who was
called, had the wounded juvenile removed to Royal Columbian Hospital,
where he rested easily and out of danger,
after having a deep cut in his head sewn
up and pieces of metal extracted from
his leg and other wounds.
Capt. Sangster Killed in Action.
Mr. Alex. Sangster was officially notified Tuesday of this week of the death
of his son, Capt. Henry Walker Sangster, who was killed in action on Sept.
26. This news, coming so shortly after
word of the death of T. S. Annandale,
son of Capt. Annandale of the 47th,
shocked the community, as both were
particularly well known. Walker Sangster was prominent in lacrosse and athletic circles. His military training dated
back to 1902, when he joined the local
company of the 6th D.C.O.R. On the
formation of the 104th he was made a
lieutenant, and shortly after the outbreak of the war promoted to a captaincy, but transferred to the 29th Battalion for overseas service as a lieutenant and gained promotion to a captaincy
again on the field.
Of Scotch descent, the late Capt. Sangster was born iu Argyle, Minnesota, in
1886, moved with the family, two years
later, to Victoria, B.C., where they resided eight years, and lived for the last
twenty years in New Westminster, deceased having been a member of the
staff of Brackman-Ker Milling Co., Ltd.,
this city, for years. A brother, Louis
Sangster, is with the 131st, at Vernon,
shortly to go overseas, and another
brother, Philip, with the 196th (Western
Universities'), at Camp Hughes,  Man.
Capt. Sangster was killed almost to a
���day within a year from the time he first
entered the trenches, Sept. 25, 1915,
being killed Sept. 26, 1916, in the recent forward movement on the Somme
in which the Canadians took a prominent and gallant part. Besides the brothers mentioned, he leaves his father and
mother, Mr. and Mrs. A. Sangster, this
city; two sisters, Mrs. Russell Purdy, of
White Rock, and Miss Nellie Sangster,
of this city; and two brothers, Mr. Ru-
fus K. Sangster, of the Pacific Canadian
Printing Co., this city, and Mr. George
K. Sangster, public school teacher in
Burnaby.
Citv   Market.
������Thanksgiving market was an unusually
large and lively one. Meats were in
good supply and demand, with little
change in prices. Local turkeys did not
show up iu any numbers, the season
being too early, but there was a fine
display of poultry generally, particularly
chickens, which sold at last week's
prices. Some prime geese brought 25c
per lb. Eggs retailed at 50c, wholesale
���45c to 46c; butter, 35c to 40c retail. Potatoes brought $16 to $18 wholesale.
THE CITY COUNCIL.
Continued from   Page Four
Smoker at Haney.
The electors of Haney and Hammond
foregathered, last night, in the Haney
Agricultural Hall, to the number of
nearly a hundred, in a congratulatory
smoker in honor of John Oliver, member-elect for Dewdney, who was the
guest of honor. Mr. Jas. Riddle occupied the chair and dispensed a bright
and entertaining programme of short
speeches, interspersed with songs and
musical selections of a high order. The
speeches of the evening were delivered
by Mr. Oliver, Mr. Hector Ferguson,
and Mr. W. J Paris, and there were
others, but a more extended notice is
impossible in this issue.
that did not invalidate his argument.
Aid. McAdam, with a few words in
support, seconded Aid. Bryson's motion
to table the Dominion Water Power
Branch's communication, which was
carried unanimously.
More Letters Dealt With.
A communication was received from
the City Solicitors, enclosing copy of
letter by the City Solicitors to the chairman of the Board of Investigation under
the Water Act, 1914, relative to the city's
right and title, historically and technically speaking, to the water of Coquitlam Lake required for the city's water
supply past, present and future. Briefly,
the Board of Investigation, at Victoria,
under the Water Act, 1914, asked the
city to file with the board a statement of
its claim lo the rights held and enjoyed by the city in the premises, and
the reply of the City Solicitors is in effect that the rights of the city have been
fully dealt with and determined both by
the authorities at Ottawa and Victoria,
confirming to the city "for all time to
come the fullest supply the city may require and in addition thereto 1000 inches
of water," and that the city's water
rights, therefore, do not come under
the jurisdiction of the Board of Investigation.   Received and filed.
From the Hassam Paving Co., Ltd.,
with accounts for interest on contracts,
amounting to $356.05.
Aid. Jardine, with regard to a portion
of this interest, for the Columbia street
contract, explained that the bond had
lapsed in October, the Council was not
notified till January, and the work was
not completed till the following August.
He claimed, therefore, that the ctty was
not iiable for that portion of the interest.
On motion of Aid. Goulet and Jardine,
the matter was referred to the Board of
Works and the Finance Committee to
report.
From the secretary-treasurer of St.
John's Ambulance Association, asking
that the use of the Council Chamber be
given on Tuesday, the 6th inst., for the
annual meeting of the association. On
motion, the request was granted.
Reports.
Aid. Bryson, chairman of the Finance
Committee, reported, re application of
C. P. R. Co., for a deed of Lot 1, block
3, city, recommending that, as the lot in
question has been iu possession of the
C. P. R. Co., and is included in the station grounds, the application of the
company be granted and a deed issued
accordingly.    Adopted.
Aid. Jardine, chairman of the Board
of Works, reported, recommending that
permission be granted the Canada Products Co. to erect a temporary shelter
on Front street to store supplies. Also
that a four-foot sidewalk be laid on
Hastings st., at estimated cost of $15.
Adopted.
Aid. Eastman, chairman of the Light
Committee, reported, recommending
that the City Treasurer be instructed to
pay Mrs. Clausen $10 in consideration of
city being allowed to use the poles she
paid for situated on D. L- 172. Adopted.
Aid. Dodd, chairman of the Water
Committee, reported, recommending,
among other things: That meters be
placed in buildings using water power lo
run elevators; that Port Coquitlam be
billed for arrears for fire protective service, at $10 per month, overlooked by
this city since August, 1913; that water
rates be amended, making maximum
charge for manufacturers using not more
than 250,000 cubic feet per  month, $100
�������
��� 1 ll
LIMITED
$r*4rto4rfr4r#<rtrir4<r9rfr&Q<r&Wf&^^
i *
X
is i r^r i t1 EzrS~\
The People's   \
Grocer
PHONES:
Main Store     -     193 and 194
Sapperton branch       -       373
West End branch       -       650
Three Big Stores
of  Plenty
For
Thanks=
I giving
�� Cranberries, 3 lbs. for 25c
Y Pumpkin, per tin 10c
f APPLES, GRAPES,   BAN-
4 ANAS, ORANGES, CAN-.
I TIEOPE, PEARS.
? Crabapples, Hyslop and Tran-
% sendants, per lb 3c
a Quince, 3 lbs. for  -25c
X Concord  Grapes,   make fine
% Grape Jelly now.     Per bask-
t et 75c
v
5 See our main store window for
* 10c Specials.
i      ���
LIMITED
Ww-����������w��������������w��<
nett per month; and that a rate of 3c
nett be charged for every 100 cubic feet
in excess of 250,000 feet; and that for
80,000 and under 125,000 cubic feet the
rate be 10c per 100 cubic feet, subject to
the usual discount.    Adopted.
Aid. Bryson reported statement of receipts for taxes up to end of Sept. as
follows: Land, $204,628.35; local improvements, $26,374.93; received by
mail, $3,000; total, $234,003.28; tax arrears, including tax sale, $85,823.53;
grand total, $319,826.81.     Adopted.
Aid. Gouiet reported that the dredge
would remove the rock in the channel
which was referred to in the letter of
the pilot at previous meeting.   Adopted.
Aid. Eastman referred to the letter of
the Western Canada Power Co. as to
supplying electric power for lighting
purposes and their arrangement with
the V. P. R. Co. in that regard, and, on
motion, it was decided to invite Mr. McNeill, of the Western Canada Power Co ,
and Mr. Russell, of the V. P. R. Co.,
to meet the Council on Tuesday, the 10th
inst., at 2:30 p. m., to deal with this
matter.    Adopted.
Aid. Dodd stated it was advisable that
meters be used for some water services
that now pav flat rate, and recommended
that a needed 3-inch meter be purchased,
at a cost of $200.    Adopted.
Unfinished Business, Etc,
The Fire Prevention By-law, 1916 (consolidation) came up for second reading,
and was laid over.
The Mayor reported verbally that he
had taken up with Mr. Duncan, manager of Ihe Vulcan Iron Works, Ltd.,
the question of meeting representatives
of the city and the petitioners in the
matter of securing a suitable site for the
works in question, and Mr. Duncan had
declared his readinesa to take part in
such a meeting, for which a definite date
would be fixed as soon as a suitable site
or sites could be submitted for discussion.    Adopted.
A communication received at previous
meeting from the Nanaimo City Council, asking endorsement of a resolution
protesting against the release of interned
alien enemies for employment by certain
large corporations, particularly in the
coai mines, was taken up by the Council, and the resolution endorsed, on motion of Aid. Goulet and Jardine, after
expressions sympathizing with the object
of the resolution by the mover and seconder, the Mayor, and Aid. Dodd, Johnston and Eastman.
A communication, previously received,
from the Niagara Falls Council, re Dominion Government Pensions Bill, recommending that war pensions be the
same for privates as for officeis, and asking, endorsement of a resolution to that
As Smart as Suits Can Be!
::
Have You   Seen the Charming :;
New Suits for Misses and
Women at Smith's
Of Serge, Cheviot, Poplins, Gabardines
Some of the Suits are trimmed with
Beaver, Hudson Seal, and other popular fur trimmings. Many of the prettiest
Suits with deep rippling collars confine
their trimmings to Buttons, Braids,
and Fancy Stitching.
They are Priced from
$20." to $45.���� |
���;y.��:~>#.>:��>.>.>.:.��:~>^x j
::
^~>.x.-hkk^kkkk~:��hk~xk~x^^
���?
I       ROYAL CROWN
t
% Soap, 7 bars for ,..-25c
% Cleaner, per pkg 5c | ~y
Naptha Soap, per  pkg -,5c X %
D BLACK and
Y      BLUE
W^    More permanent than pack
With   our   Chemical    Dye.
More permanent than ]
age dykes.    Just in at-
H. Ryall
Druggist and  Optician
NEW WESTMINSTER, B. C. PHONE 57
Valuator    Money to Loan    Farms
for Sale
H. A. EASTM0N
Notary Public
Guichon Block, Columbia and MeKenzie Sts.,    NEW WESTMINSTER
COAL
New    Wellington,
Lump, Nut, pea
and SlacK
JOSEPH MAVERS
Foot Sixth St.        Phone 105
WOOD
AND
COAL
at prices that  are  RIGHT
Quality, Quantity and Service is our
motto
Phones:   150-732        .
Belyea & Company, Ltd.
827 Carnarvon Street
effect, was then discussed, nearly all the
Aldermen taking part, aud a resolution
expressing the Council's approval,
moved by Aid. Kastman and seconded
by Aid. Goulet, was carried unanimously.
Aid. Bryson was disposed to go farther. Why, he asked, should officers
get more pay than privates?
New Business.
Under this head, Aid. Jardine called
attention to the necessity of grading and
macadamizing Simcoe street from Eighth
to Mclnnes street, and, as this was contiguous to the Provincial Government
gaol property, he. moved, seconded by
Aid. Johnston, tliat the Government .be
asked to bear the expense of the work,
which was carried.
Tenth street, it was pointed out, also
needed fixing, and a resolution was
passed referring the question to the
Finance Committee to report as to funds
being available for the work.
The matter of appointing delegates to
the U. B. C. M. convention at Vernon,
on the 11th and 12th inst., was then disposed of, the Mayor and Aid. Goulet
and Johnston being chosen.
The Council then, on account of Monday next being Thanksgiving Day, adjourned to meet on Thursday afternoon,
5th inst., and also arranged to meet at
the same time a representative of Cleveland & Cameron, the firm who made
the "special survey" of the city some
years ago.
Compare Your Car
with the Sum of $8
Your car might catch on fire
any day.    For
$8.00
you can buy   a   Fire   Extinguisher at
T. J. TRAPP & CO., Ltd.
Phones:
Store 59      Office 196
Machinery and   Auto Dept.  691
SPh
one
498
fire Insurance (Igeqcies
Mutual Fire Insurance Co. of B.C.
Mount Royal Insurance Co. of
Montreal. Glens Falls Insurance
Co. of New York; Nationale Insurance Co. of Paris, France.
Minneapolis Insurance Co. of Minneapolis.
"OUR RATES ARE LOWER"
Wm. McAdam
Room 1, Hart Block rw*
THE PACIFIC CANADIAN
New Westminster, B.C., Oct. 6, 101&
MAN-EATING  COUGAR     THE OITY COUNCIL.
Of Cowican Attacks Two YounK Children, Who Bscapa After Plucky
Fight, Severely Wounded���The Beast
Afterwards Shot.
Natural history experts have assured
us that the British Columbia cougar or
panther, whatever the habits of his
congener the California mountain lion
mav be, will rarely if ever attack a human being. Even the man-eating tiger
of the tropics, it is said, is not normally
a hunter of men, but becomes so through
the infirmities of advancing age, when,
his more agile prey, the beasts of the
chase," getting beyond his reach, he
haunts the vicinity of human habitations
for the easier quarry which he there
obtains. This may, and would almost
appear to be, the real explanation for the
remarkable case of a,cougar attacking
and severely mauling two young children
of Cowichan lately, which is told by the
Cowichan Leader of last week, Sept. 28,
the story being no less remarkable on
account of the plucky, heroic, and fortunately successful, fight for their lives
made by the two children���a boy and a
girl, aged respectively eight and eleven
years.
The editor of the Cowichan Leader,
from which we take the recital, it is of
some interest to note, is none other than
Mr. Hugh Savage, formerly of the Columbian, this city, and the Province, of
Vancouver, and who while on the latter
paper was himself the principal hero in
the slaying of the cougar of Stanley
Park, exhibited in the windows of the
Province office at the time, some two
years ago.
Follows the story from the Leader of
the Cowichan cougar, his murderous exploit, and the tragic end which fortunately soon overtook him:
On Saturday last, two young children,
Anthony, aged 8, son of Mrs. Farrer,
and Doreen, aged 11, daughter of Mrs.
Ashburnham, Cowichan Lake, swinging
their pony bridles in their hands, went
up the trail to the field where their
ponies were grazing.
To their surprise they found a panther
lying quite still and naturally turned to
run away. The animal, however, heard
their footsteps, sprang up, jumped on
the girl's back and knocked her down
The boy used his bridle with such effect
that he drove the cougar off his companion. But the brute was not defeated
and rose on his hind legs to attack again,
when the children ran at him aud fought
him with their fists. The hungry creature managed to knock the little fellow
down on his side and began tearing his
scalp with his claws.
Filled with anxiety over Tony, the
girl jumped on the animal's back, trying
to drag his head back. Then she gouged
at one of his eyes. Finally, seeing he
was intent on chewing Tony's head, she
thrust her arm in his mouth and freed
the boy. Having accomplished this, she
instructed Tony to run while she held
the panther. Sitting on his back, she
put the snaffle, which happened to be of
a larger size than usual, over the cougar's nose and practically muzzled him.
She then ran from the beast.
The boy arrived home covered with
blood, and with his scalp hanging loose.
Mr. Ashburnham and Mr. 1^. Marsh
went out and shot the panther, which
measnred over seven feet.
The animal was apparently blind, and,
on opening the carcase, there was no appearance of food in its stomach. The
Jiody underneath the fur showed many
bruises as the result of the children's attack with their bridles. A dog which
came to the rescue was badly mauled
and had to have several stitches in its
chest.
The pluck of the children is more remarkable as they are both very timid by
nature. The girl was most anxious
about her boy friend,,and her remark to
her parents "Don't worry about me,
take care of Tony," is worthy of commendation. She also told her friends
who marvelled at the bravery of both
children, that "I had to save Tony because I was the oldest.''
As often happens, conveyances were
out of order, and Mrs. Ashburnham had
to row herself across the lake to Dr. R.
N. .Stoker's residence, leaving the children under the good care of others. Dr.
Stoker rendered first aid to the patients,
easing them of much of their pain.
Dr. Dykes, with the matron of the
Duncan Hospital, arrived from Duncan
within two hours of the accident. With
him was Dr. Ernest Hall. Tony Farrer
received 39 stiches and was taken to
Duncan Hospital by motor, Mrs. Stewart kindly giving her car and service.
Doreen Ashburnham had her arm bitten
right through as a result of putting it in
the panther's mouth, also her hand was
damaged, and she had several other serious scratches. Both parents are full of
thankfulness for the attention given by
the doctors and the hospital staff The
boy is progressing well, and, unless
blood poisoning sets in, will soon be
about again.
The girl was brought to Duncan Hospital, yesterday afternoon, for treatment.
Mr. Chief Justice Hunter, who was
staying at the Lake, says the deeds of
this boy and girl are worthy of the Roy-
al Albert medal. He will place tlie facts
before the regular authorities,
Mr. and Mrs. Lawrence Ashburnham
live not far from Bear Lake, five miles
from Riverside. Mrs. Farrer lives with
them.       ^*
The afiimal would not have attacked
the children had it not been blind and
ravenous. About 25 years ago, an Indian was attacked near Campbell Lake
by a cougar. He had meddled with its
cubs.
Preliminary arrangements have been
completed for the tag day in this city,
on Friday, October 13, in aid of the
liritish Red Cross. Those who will
have charge of the different tagging stations are: Mrs. Webb, Mrs. R. Bryce
Brown, Mrs. G. M. Corbould, Mrs.
Shad well, Mrs; R. M. C Souper, Mrs.
\V. H. Elsoil, Mrs. Butler, Mrs. Godson, Mrs. J. ft, Payne, Mrs. B. Lewis,
Mrs. Muir, Madame Gauvreau, Mrs. J.
H, Watson, Mrs. H. C. Major, and Mrs,
Stilwell Clute.
Echo of Old Ooquitlam Controversy
Revived���Release of Interned Aliens
Protested���Equal Pensions for Privates and Officers Approved.
There was a full Aldermanic Board,
with His Worship Mayor Gray in the
chair, at the regular weekly meeting of
the Council Monday night, and an echo
from an old burning municipal question
on which more than one civic campaign
was fought rang through the chamber,
with Aid. Bryson, doughty champion of
the safeguarding of the Royal City's
water supply, holding the floor���the occasion being the receipt of a long delayed
communication from the proper Ottawa
Department, explaining why the clearing of the reserve round Coquitlam Lake
had not yet been completed by the B. C.
F. R. Co.
A protest from the Nanaimo City Council against the release of interned alien
enemies for employment by large corporations, in the coal mines principally,
embodied iu a resolution which this
Council was asked to endorse, had the
warm sympathy and endorsement of the
Aldermen, as did also a resolution from
Niagara Falls, Ont,, Council in favor of
the Dominion Government revising its
pension schedules so as to provide equal
pensions for all, privates the same as
officers.
Communications,
The following communications were
received and dealt with in order as read:
From the Westminster Mills Co., Ltd.,
Lulu Island, asking to have a new roadway, 16 feet wide, on Duncan street.
Received and referred to Board of Works
to act.
From the Chief of the Fire Department, reporting the fires during the
month ot September, nine in "11, and
stating the Department was in good order.    Received and filed.
From Mayor W. H. Smith, of Vernon,
B. C, extending an invitation to the
Mayor and Aldermen to attend the Union
of B. C. Municipalities convention, opening on the 11th inst. Received and
filed.
From Jane Allen and other ladies,
asking for a light at the corner of Nanaimo and Jones streets. Referred to
Electric Light Committee to report.
From J. A. Guy, asking for a three-
plank sidewalk from Alder street to
Eighth avenue. Received and referred-
to Board of Works to report.
From the Building Inspector, recommending that the extension to the life of
Thomas Ovens' building next to the
Central Hotel to same time as hotel
building be granted. Recommendation
adopted.
From Reeve Hugh M. Fraser,' Burnaby; re U. B. C. M. at Vernon, mentioning that he was informed that legal representatives of railway and telephone
companies would take up the matter of
railway aud telephone rates respectively
before the convention, and suggesting
that the municipalities ought to have
legal representatives present, offering to
share expense if New Westminster had
City Solicitor McQuarrie accompany
Council's delegation to convention.
On motion of Aid. Johnston and Goulet, this suggestion was complied ^with,
and resolution passed accordingly.
From the Deputy Minister of Marine
and Fisheries, pointing out the desirabiL
ity of the masters of Canadian vessels
being British subjects, owing to war
conditions and the necessity in that connection for imparting confidential information on occasion to masters of vessels.
Received and filed.
Westminster's Water Supply.
The next communication was from  J.
B. Challies, Supt. Dominion Water Power Branch, re clearing around Coquitlam
Lake, in reply to inquiries from Council.
The letter stated that the total acreage
around the watershed of the lake was
found lo be some 766 acres. Of that, 620
acres had been cleared. The remainder
consisted of scattered areas at considerable distance from  the   intake.    The B.
C. E. R. Co. had expended in this clearing work, under direction of the Government engineers, $650,000. In addition, they had many analyses of the
water made, at considerable expense,
and had installed an intake system that
was second to none in America. The
analyses showed the water to be actually
purer than it was before the works were
carried out, and established New Westminster water supply to be in the very
first rank. Altogether, the Department
did not deem it necessary or advisable to
comnel the B. C. E. R. Co. to carry out
any further clearing opsrations at the
present time. That was about the purport of the communication, which was a
lengthy one.
Aid. Bryson, the old time champion
for the safeguarding of New Westminster's water supply in Coquitlam Lake,
was on his feet as soon as the reading of
the letter was finished, with a motion to
have the communication laid on the
table for a week. He wished to verify
the particulars given in the letter. The
question, he said, was nol whether the
water was better than it had been. There
was an agreement entered into, and
there were three parties to that agree-
ment-the City, the B. C. E. R. Co.,
and Dominion Government, The city
had carried out its part. The Government, as the third party to the agreement, should see to it without quibbling
that the undertaking of the B. C. E- R.
Co. was carried out. He (Aid. Bryson)
was a firm believer in the sanctity of
' 'scraps of paper,'' for which the sons
of the Empire were shedding their
blood in thousands on the battlefields of
Europe. The German Kaiser thought
he could do as he liked with Belgium,
and make it all right. But Great Britain
said no. The letter spoke of separate
scattered places not cleared, continued
Aid. Bryson. In his recent trip to Coquitlam Lake, he had failed to see those
scattered places. A portion appeared to
be cleared around the lake, the remainder was dense forest down to the lake,
no breaks at all. As to being far from
the intake, all the water had to flow
past the intake, so that argument would
not hold.    Instead of spending so much
on the installation of the intake where it
was, it would have been much better if
the intake had been taken farther up the
lake, as the city wished. Mr. Freeman,
the Government engineer who had been
particularly charged by the late Government with safeguarding New Westminster's water works in this respect, had
declarrd strongly for the necessity of
this clearing being thoroughly carried
out. Now, under a different regime, he
appeared to be accommadating his views
to theirs.
Aid. Dodd remarked that all the water
of Coquitlam Lake did not flow past the
city water works intake, as a portion
flowed down the Dake Buntzen tunnel,
to which Aid.   Bryson  agreed, but  said
Concluded on Page Three
Labrador
Salt Herring
JUST ARRIVED
Extra large fish,  per doz. 60c
Dejong's Cocoa, per lb.--60c
Pearline, 5 ten-cent pack^
ages 25c
Peanut Butter, per lb 20c
Broder's Jams, Strawberry,
Raspberry, Black Currant, 4-
lb, tins.., ...-75c
Khiva Marmalade; per jar
at ....25c and 50c
4-lb tins ������ 65c
Cream of Wheat; per pack'
age 20c
Peaches, for preserving; per
crate $1.00
Rogers' Svrup; large jar...25c
No-Water Soap; large tin,
for  25c
Cooking Eggs;  2 doz 75c
Van Camp's Spaghetti; two
tins 25c
Model Grocery
Matheson & Jacobson
Underwear
Week
A Special showing of many lines which comprise our immense stock
ofWomens', Girls', Boys' and Infants' Underwea: for Fall 1916.
Even if you do not need underwear at present, we want you to see
for yourself the values represented. We have given over a large
space to display, which together with our windows will enable every
person to see sample of almost every line in stock.
Flannelette underwear:    Watson's, Turnbull's, Hygeian, Harney and other kinds of reliable Canadian and English manufacture.
308 Sixth St.
East Burnaby, 2nd St.
Edmonds, Gray Block
Sapperton, Guhr Block
Phone 1001-2
Phone 598
Phpne 1111L
' Phpne 1012
Watch daily paper for prices and descriptions,
special prices on odd lines,
Watch for the
W. S. Cqllister.& Go.
The Store  for Women's Wear
P, O. Box 933
Westminster  Iron  Works
JOHN  REID,   Proprietor
General Machine Work, Engineering and
Blacksmithing
Manufacturers of  Structural and Ornamental Ironwork
Agents for REGAL GASOLINE ENGINES
Office and Works:
TENTH STREET
New Westminster, B. C.
James & McClughan
PLUMBING
and
HEATING
Auto Tires & Accessories
HARDWARE
New Westminster, B. C.
Frpnj: and Sixth Sts.    Phpne 302
W.R.Jaynes
 FOR	
Oxy-Acetylene
Welding and Brazing
Auto and Motor Boat Supplies and Fittings
First Class Machine Work
New Westminster
Phone 275      724 Front St
The Necessity
For an Independent Newspaper, devoted to the interests of New
Westminster City and the Fraser Valley, and in sympathy with
the New Progressive Provincial Administration that will shortly
be formed, with which the City and District have allied themselves, has not ceased, but only begun, with the placing by the
electors of the party behind that Government in power.
The Pacific Canadian,
If properly supported, can give the City and District such a
paper, and steps are in contemnlation to that end. As important political developments may and probably will transpire before the new Government is formed and established* it is desirable, if not necessary, to maintain the present weekly publication in the interim,
The Publishers
Will, therefore, appreciate, as some small immediate aid and
evidence of support toward the materialization of their plans, if
those who have been receiving the present paper will enclose or
bring appended subscription blank, together with amount of
subscription in advance for 3, 6, or 12 months, at 25c, 50c, or
$1.00, as they may prefer, for which they will receive full credit
on any publication that may succeed this.
SUBSCRIPTION BLANK.
PACIFIC CANADIAN PTG. & PUB. CO., LTD.
NEW WESTMINSTER, B. C.
Enclosed please find ��� .subscription
*                        /
for The Pacific Canadian for , ,.
Name ,...,,,	
P. O	
Date	
Ihe Pacific Canadian Pig. S Pn��. C����� LM.
I

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