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The Pacific Canadian Jun 16, 1916

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Array "Provincial Library, Victoria, B.S.
THE   PACIFIC   CANADIAN^
Weekly News Digest and Journal of  Observation and Comment.
Vol. I.
NEW WESTMINSTER, B. C, FRIDAY, June 16, 1916.
Number 15
BREWSTER VS. BOWSER.
Among other bon mots perpetrated by Premier
Bowser, in his "triumphant" tour of Vancouver Island,
last week, is this alleged answer, given at a Nanaimo
smoker, to that portion of Mr. Brewster's writ which
raises the question of the validity of the last Legislature after the 14th of March: "Mr. Brewster had occupied a seat in the Legislature and taken a part in
the proceedings from March 14th, when he claimed
the Parliament ceased to exist, until May 31st, when
prorogation took place. He had also accepted his sessional indemnity and $1500 as leader of the Opposition.
If the Liberal argument, was- correct, anyone would
have the right to sue Mr. Bowser for the recovery of
this $3,100 of public funds."
One might think that it was a half witted school
boy, instead of the Premier of British Columbia, that
had put forward such shallow piffle as that as a serious answer to a serious question. Anyone can see
that it doesn't touch the question at all, and is an impudent insult to the rudimentary intelligence of any
audience. Mr. Brewster's position with regard to sessional indemnity is exactly the same as that of any
other member, including Mr. Bowser himself, and, to
"answer a fool according to his folly," the portion of
the session that was undoubtedly legal would'warrant
the drawing of sessional indemnity. Mr. Brewster
does not arrogate to himself to decide that the session
of the Legislature after March 14th last was illegal,
but he knows, as does Mr. Bowser, that there is a
serious question as to its validity, involving also that
of the next Legislature���which is even more serious���
and he wants the matter squarely met and settled by
the courts now, with the least possible amount of demoralization and dislocation of the political and business interests of the Province.
��� Like a reckless gambler, Premier Bowser, who can
not see an inch beyond the* winning of the present
election by any and every means, does not care what
happens so long as he can sinch his dictatorship for
another five years. If he should fail to do that, he
would not care what happened either���he would rather
than not see the Province tied up in an embarrassing
constitutional (or unconstitutional) knot of his own
contriving. With the validity of the next Legislature
involved in doubt���and Attorney-General Bowser has
avoided so far referring to that important point raised
by Mr. Brewster���Premier Bowser would be more
than content, evidently, to leave the whole matter undetermined until he knows what the political complexion of the next Legislature is going to be. It would
be very handy, if the Liberals won, to have the whole
thing thrown into the melting pot again, regardless of
consequences to the public welfare.
While indulging in light persiflage, instead of seriously meeting a serious issue, with regard to that portion of Mr. Brewster's writ having to do with the
validity of the Legislature, there can be no doubt that
what gives Premier Bowser much more concern, and
accounts to some extent for his affectation of levity
over an incidental phase of the writ, while side-stepping the main object of the action, is that main object
itself���which is the bringing of Attorney-General
Bowser to account for his law-breaking activities on
behalf of the P.G.E., to the extent of nearly seven
million dollars,. That is the barbed hook that sticks in
the Premier's vitals, and which he would fain obscure
and conceal by an exaggerated emphasis and lightness
of treatment of a sufficiently serious but relatively secondary matter.
It would be much more to the point if Premier
Bowser would quit his school boy play to the galleries and act as the Premier of a great Province should,
��� by accepting the responsibilities and consequences of
his own acts, instead of weakly and cowardly trying
to evade them and, like a petty law-breaker hailed be-
��� fore the beak, reviling the policeman who arrests him.
There is much more at stake in these actions than the
political fate of Premier Bowser and his Government.
They cannot and must not be side-stepped or sidetracked, 'and the sooner they are tried out and determined the better will the public interests be served.
Hon. Wm. Manson, who has been airing his new
found honors as Minister of Agriculture by "doing his
bit" as one of the chorus in Premier Bowser's "triumphant tour" of Vancouver Island, undertook to explain to a farmers' conference at Qualicum Beach how
this paternal Government was going to "accommodate" the farmers, this general election year, in working out the provisions of the Agricultural Aids Bill,
"Loans to be made to farmers," he said, according to
the News-Advertiser's report, "would be divided into
three divisions. A farmer could anply for a season's
loan, being sufficient money to tide him over till his
crops were Harvested and paid for, he could ask for a
sliort term loan extending over a period of from 10 to
20 years, or for a long term loan for a term up to 36f
years. The interest charges in connection with each
loan would be the same."
THE PRESIDENTIAL CONTEST.
A straight fight between champions of the two
historic parties of the United States is practically assured as a result of the Republican and Progressive
nominations in Chicago, last week. Charles Evans
Hughes, former Governor of New York, and at the
time of his nomination Justice of the Supreme Court
of the United States, received the Republican nomination on the third ballot, which stood: Hughes, 949��;
Roosevelt, 18J: Lodge, 7; Dupont, 5; La Follete, 3;
Weeks, 3; absent, 1. Total, 987. Senator Lodge was
the compromise candidate presented to the Republican
convention by Theodore Roosevelt for reuniting the
Republican and Progressive parties. The compliment
was returned by the presentation of Hughes' name to
the Progressive convention, sitting also in Chicago at
the same time. There was never a moment's doubt
after the convention got down to business that Hughes
was the choice of the Republicans by an overwhelming
majority, and the Progressives with tremendous enthusiasm nominated Roosevelt by acclamation, without a ballot.
In the case of the Republican nominee, it was emphatically an instance of the office seeking the man.
Although his name had been canvassed for many
months, Mr. Justice Hughes had scrupulously refrained from any utterance which would give the slightest
clue as to whether he would accept the nomination or
not. His answer to the chairman of the convention,
announcing the nomination and asking his acceptance,
was the first intimation of any kind from Mr. Hughes
on the subject. "I have not desired the nomination,"
he said in his telegram of acceptance, sent within an
hour of notification. "I have wished to remain on the
bench. But in this critical period of our national history, I recognize that it is your right to summon and
that it is m.y paramount duty to respond.'' Just as
prompt, as brief and business-like was the telegram
sent at once to President Wilson, his future rival, resigning from the bench in these few words: 'Thereby
resign the office of associate justice of the Supreme
Court of the United States." The President's reply
to the man who will contest his claim to a second term
was hardly Jess formal: "I am 1\: receipt of your letter
of resignation, and feel constrained to yield to your
desire. I therefore accept your resignation as justice
of the Supreme Court of the United States, to take
effect at one*."
It is to Col. Roosevelt's credit that he resisted the
temptation, which to his temperament must be a compelling one, to hurl his hat into the ring at once and
make another third party fight for the Presidency, at
the head of the enthusiastic Progressive or Bull Moose
party. In response to the notification of his nomination by acclamation, Mr. Roosevelt sent a brief message to the convention from Oyster Bay, conditionally
declining to accept the nomination���the condition for
adhering to.his non-acceptance being if the Progressive National Committee found the subsequent statements of policy of Charles Evans Hughes, the Republican standard bearer, such as they could approve. To
newspaper representatives who called upon him, Mr.
Roosevejt unhesitatingly said that he was out of politics. If he adheres to his determination not to accept
the Progressive nomination, it is a safe guess that Mr.
Roosevelt will be in the contest as a strong and influential supporter of the Republican candidate.
From the brief intimation already given by Mr.
Hughes of his attitude on the foreign policy of the
United States, the question of over-shadowing interest
at the present time, his views, previously unuttered,
would appear to be pretty much in harmony with those
of the great Progressive protagonist. In his telegram
of acceptance, Mr. Hughes announced his stand for
the firm and unflinching maintenance of all the rights
of American citizens on land and sea, for an Americanism that knows no ulterior purpose, for a patriotism that is single and complete, and for preparedness
entirely adequate and thorough, both in army and
navy. His criticism of the foreign policy of the Wilson Administration is vigorous and incisive enough to
suit even Roosevelt: "While not impugning motives
or underestimating difficulties," says Mr. Hughes, "it
is most regretably true that in our foreign relations
we have suffered incalculably from the weak and
vacillating course which has been taken with regard
to Mexico���a course lamentably wrong with regard to
both our rights and our duties. At the outset of the
Administration, the high responsibilities of our diplomatic intercourse with foreign nations were subordinated to a conception of partisian requirements and we
presented to the world a humiliating spectacle of ineptitude. Belated efforts have not availed to recover
the influence and prestige thus unfortunately sacrificed, and brave words have been stripped of their
force by indecision."
N      Though at time of writing the Democratic National
HERE AND THERE.
The Premier and his Ministers to-day made a tri-i
umphant tour through both Alberni and Comox ridings.���Extract from Government paper. That means,
we may suppose, that they got through all right���no
"busted tires," bad eggs, or anything of that sort.
But it's a little early to talk about "triumphant tours"
���the electors are perfectly aware that the Premier
and his Ministers are out to beat them, if possible, but
it's a little too early to sav which wins.
Premier Bowser started his characteristic kind of
campaigning in Nanaimo, last week. The admiring
organs, without a visible blush, report him thus: "He
invited the residents of Nanaimo to urge anything
they would like done, and, if the Government
could conscientiously do so, they would be very pleased
to carry out the suggestion." "Conscientiously do ,
so," is sardonically humorous in that connection. If
the Government can "conscientiously" bribe you with
vour own money, good people of Nanaimo, they'll be
very pleased to do so���and to repeat the performance
all over the Province.
"The trip of the last few days was in no sense a
political one," explained the Premier.���Government
press bureau report of interview with Premier Bowser
on his return from his Island tour, Saturday night.
Sort of a pastoral visit, we suppose. But Bishop
Bowser evidently forgot his high mission before he
had fairly "hit the pike," and talked the rankest sort
of politics from first to last���according to the enthusiastic reports of his own organs. If that "was in no
sense a political" trip, Bishop Bowser will certainly
stagger humanity when he starts out on the real
article. Probably have the whole boodling, plugging,
perjuring brigade belonging to his party along with
him���making day  and night hideous.
Notwithstanding the fact that hundreds of thousands of her soldiers have been away from home fighting the battles of the Empire during the year; notwithstanding the fact that somewhat drastic measures
restricting the hours and conditions of sale of liquor
have been in force for a considerable part of the year,
the British Isles spent more money for drink in 1915
than they did during either of the past two years. The
national drink bill in 1915 amounted to over nine hundred million dollars, 01* an average of about twenty
dollars for every man, woman, and child in the British
Isles. Some other startling facts are that 1,800,000
tons of barley, hops, etc.,' were destroyed in the manufacture of the liquor, while it took 1,600,000 tons of
coal to brew it. And these materials were worth over
one hundred and twenty-five million dollars. And
there were nearly a million acres of land devoted to
the growing of material for the manufacture of the
liquor that the people of the British Isles drank last
year. When will Britain shake this enemy off her
back?-War Cry.
A "disgusted prohibitionist." writing to the Victoria Times about the Bowser Government's Prohibition Act to be submitted to a referendum, describes
the Premier's feat in these lurid words: "By another
supreme contortion, he has landed with his feet in the
prohibition roost, his head on the soft pillows of the
liquor interests, while his heart is���but Parker Williams says Bowser has no heart, which long ago became merged in his gizzard." The "disgusted prohibitionist" concludes as follows: "Beyond the fact
that the Prohibition Act stops the open sale of intoxicants in bars and liquor shops, it doesn't do a durn
thing to remedy the evil. Exportation and importation are unrestricted and unchecked except by the
financial limitations of the importer; it simply means
that, instead of having a dangerous river running between two fences which are now guarded bv some
kind of licensing laws and restrictions, we are going
to tear down the river banks and let the whole stream
slop over into private homes, co-operative booze clubs
and blind pigs."
convention, in session at St. Louis this week, had not
completed its work, the nomination of President Wilson as standard bearer of the party was a foregone
conclusion making the Presidential contest for 1916 a
straight fight between the Republican and Democratic
parties, on the Administration's foreign policy or record, chiefly. Possessing a very strong candidate in
Mr. Hughes, and with the Progressive split (the decisive factor in Democratic success in 1912) healed,
the Republican party would appear to have more than
even chances for a come back this year, especially in
view of the unsettled and unsatisfactory Mexican situation and the precarious nature of foreign relations
generally. There may be developments and happenings before November, however, that might materially
affect the political situation in the United States and
the fortunes of both parties in the contest. Page 2
THE PACIFIC CANADIAN
New Westminster, B.C., June 16, 1916
THE  PACIFIC   CANADIAN
Published   every  Friday from the Offices,   761 Carnarvon   Street,
New Westminster, B. C, by the Pacific Canadian Printing
& Publishing Co-
GKO. KENNEDY,
Ltd.
Editor and Manager
Subscription Prices;���$1.00 per annum [in advance];   SOc.   for six
months; 25c. for three months; 10c. per month;  5c. per copy.
Advertising rates on   application
Britain's navy, to take the places in the ships that are
building and to be built. Since the great naval battle
of the 31st ult., the need for men is not less, though
the four or five thousand who gave their lives for the
Empire there took greater toll, in both men and ships,
of the enemy. Newfoundland has announced her intention of contributing a thousand of her incomparable
seafaring fishermen to help maintain and increase the
supremacy of the British navy.
SIGNIFICANT UTTERANCES.
i
The Meredith-Duff Royal Commission inquiry into
the Kyte charges in regard to certain fuse' contracts
let by the Shell Committee, which netted a million in
commissions, of which Col. J. Wesley Allison pulled
down $200,000, concluded its hearing Friday evening
last, after sitting six weeks, with one week's adjournment. During the addresses, of counsel, particularly
during the address of Mr. J. F. Hellmuth for the
Government, some very interesting and significant expressions were voiced by jx>th Commissioners, especially by Mr. Justice Duff.
Mr. Hellmuth, in his final address to the Commissioners, again argued that practically the only question at issue was as to the honesty of the Minister of
Militia and the members of the Shell Committee.
Both the,Commissioners intimated, however, that
they were not disposed to think that their duty was
limited to a finding as to the honesty of the parties
concerned. They indicated that their report would
cover a wider range and would include the connection
of Col. J. Wesley Allison with the fuse contracts.
The question of Allison's commission figured largely
at the morning sitting, when G. F. Henderson, counsel for Allison, was speaking on behalf of his client.
A portion of the dialogue between the Commissioners and Mr. Henderson relative to the Minister and
Col. Allison was as follows :
Mr. Henderson���I have heard the names of many
prominent men connected with these contracts, and I
think it would have been better if they had been here.
You must pardon me if I say that. 1 don't think there
was anything illegitimate on the part of Col. Allison
in this matter.
Commissioner Duff-The whole thing is that Col.
Allison, the confidential agent of the Minister of Militia and Defence, dips his hand in the till to the tune
of $200,000 in connection with these contracts.
Mr. Henderson���That is a strong expression.
Commissioner Duff-Of course it is. I intend it to
be strong.
To Mr. Henderson's argument, later on, that, if
Col. Allison had openly insisted on his right to a commission, he would have been accorded it,
Commissioner Meredith commented -If that argument for commissions had been before the Shell Comptroller to be signed, what would have happened?
Commissioner Duff���If General Pease had seen it,
for instance?
Mr. Henderson It probably would not have been
signed.   That is an extreme suggestion.
Commissioner Duff-  Do you think so?
Commissioner Meredith���We don't want in this inquiry to unduly castigate the small men.
Mr. Henderson���We have'to realize that big profits
are made on war contracts because of big prices.
Commissioner Duff referred to an incident where
Mr. Balfour had been accused on the hustings of making his money out o, war profits. Those who said it
had tp apologize. "Everyone knows," he said, "the
odor which hung around war profits during the Indian
Mutiny and the Crimean war.''
Mr. Henderson Yes, but the armies must be
equipped.
Commissioner Duff- You recollect the incident
where General Picton threatened once to shoot a war
contractor. The war contractor told the Duke of
Wellington, and Wellington told him he had better be
careful, because Picton was just the sort of man to do
what he said.    Don't you think he was justified?
Mr. Henderson--We cannot get along without war
contractors.
Commissioner Duff   Then try to make them honest.
HERE AND THERE.
The Mexican caldron, in a state of chronic unrest,
appears to be getting ready to boil over again. Anti
American feeling is being fomented in different sections, and the irrepressible Villa is reported to oeonce
more on the war path, having attacked a rear guard
force of the American punitive expedition and captured several truck loads of supplies, Uncle Sam will
have to grasp the Mexican cactus more firmly, or he'll
get stung.
On top of what, with fuller information, has turned
out to have been a great and most pregnant British
naval victory over the Germans, a fortnight ago, Rus.
sia has since won smashing military successes on the
Eastern front, from the Pripet marshes to the Rou.
mania border, breaking the Austro-German front for
a hundred miles and taking over a hundred thousand
prisoners, with corresponding equipment and supplies,
The French have continued to make the Germans pay
dearly for any small local gain'"* at Verdun, while our
own Canadians have borne tlie it. unt of a terrific concentrated'artillery and infantry attack at Ypres, and,
though suffering heavily have performed prodigies of
valor in stopping the German advance and gallanty retaking temporarily lost ground.
Men for the liritish navy are being sought in Canada. Ottawa advices, before the date of the recent
naval engagement, stated that Captain the Hon. Rupert Guiness, M. P., was at the Dominion capital,
making arrangements for the recruiting of men  for
Now that Joe Martin has blessed the Liberals, after
Baalam's back-handed style, according to an interview
in a Conservative paper, and, with an easy breeziness,
has declared Mr. Brewster's writ to be "absolutely
ridiculous" from a legal point of view, perhaps Premier Bowser will pluck up spunk enough to quit
dodging service and let the judges give their opinion.
They might approach the subject with more sense of
responsibility than "Fighting Joe," who believes in
hitting any sort of head wherever he sees it. In the
same interview, Mr. Martin condemned the Government for overpaying the P.G.E., said "Bowser is going
to have his work cut out to carry the country." and,
"If the Liberals should win, who have they got to administer affairs? Why, they haven't anybody!" They
can-t have Mr. Martin's services for love or money,
anyhow, as he is off for London- on the way to "mix
it up" in the Imperial Parliament for a line or two.
Instead of squarely facing and facilitating the determination of the very serious action that Mr. Brewster has entered against him in the Supreme Court.
Premier Bowser is trying to side-step and make
political capital out of it by all sorts of silly subterfuges. At Nanaimo, he is reported to have said: "The
result of the success of that writ would be perpetuation of a dictatorship greater than that of Russia. I
would bean absolute dictator in the Province." Absolute dictatorship would be but a continuation of Premier Bowser's familiar role���that doesn't trouble him
at all. But that sort of by-play settles nothing. If,
through Attorney-General Bowser's blundering and
worse, the validity of both the last and, as Mr. Brewster claims, the next Legislature is undermined, it is
only the part of cowardice and crookedness to try to
cover up such a state of things, instead of having it
cleared up and remedied once and for all, before worse
complications ensue. Quit your drivelling and trifling
with serious public interests, for mere political effect,
Mr. Bowser, and play ball!
The News-Advertiser lifts the veil of futurity and
ejaculates in awe-struck tones: "Hereafter Sir George
Foster may be addressed *as Right Honorable," Lest
it might be inferred that Sir George Eulas might feel
"chesty" over this, the N.-A. hastens to add: "It is
more important to him that under the present order of
things he will before returning to Canada meet with
the Imperial Cabinet for intimate discussion." Whereat we are supposed to hold our breath again. The key
to these mysterious utterances is contained in a London press despatch of the 9th inst., which conveys the
interesting information that: "Sir George Foster, the
Canadian Minister of Trade and Commerce, who arrived in England yesterday, has been appointed by the
King a member of the Privy Council. Sir George has
accepted the Government's invitation to attend the
conference of the Allies at Paris. He will go as one
of the representatives of the British Government."
As the News-Advertiser remarked, Sir Wilfrid Laurier,
Sir Robert Borden, and Sir Charles Fitzpatrick are also
Imperial Privy Councillors. Premier Hughes, of Australia, was accorded the same distincwon on the occasion of his recent visit to England.
Every one knew that Sir Sam Hughes, together
with his admitted energy and driving power is
possessed of a colossal egotism and an amazing indiscretion and unrestrainednes's of speech, especially
where political considerations are involved. But he
has excelled himself in a recent interview in the Ottawa Journal. "The last time I saw Kitchener," he
is reported to have said, "I strongly urged that the
Ypres salient be abandoned. 1 pointed out that it was
being held more out of sentimental than military considerations. I told him how the losses among British
troops holding this bloody angle had been 10 per cent.
Kitchener was deeply affected by what I said. There
were tears in his eyes as he spoke of the British losses
in this sector, and he was altogether sympathetic with
my view. He told me to give him my proposition in
writing and that he would communicate it to Gen. Sir
Douglas Haig, the British commander-in-chief. Next
day, however, I received a cable informing me of the
charges made against me in Parliament. There was
nothing left for me to do but to come home and face
my accusers; the question of holding the Ypres salient
remained in abeyance, and our boys were left to hold
a position that was almost untenable. Had I remained
in England, I believe 1 would have succeeded in convincing Kitchener to abandon the salient, and the
bloody battles of the last few days, with their loss of
our best and bravest, would have been avoided." A
censorship of Sir Sam Hughes- a gag, or, better still, a
guillotine���is needed to prevent such exhibitions of
execrable bad taste, to characterize it in the mildest
terms.
Fit Doors and Windows
with Screens to Keep Flies
Out and Let Cool Air in
Screen Doors - $1.50 to $2.25
Complete with Hinges Each
Screen Windows
All Sizes
25 to 75c
s
Fly Swats     -     -      10c each
Balloon Flv Traps ��� 25c each
Wire Screens Cut to Order
ANDERSON & LUSfW, 634 Columbia St,
Royal City Pork Butchers
(KENNEDY   BROTHERS)
737 Columbia St. 309 Sixth St.
Wholesale and Retail Dealers in All Kinds of
Fresh    and     Home   Cured   Meats,
PorK Pies,   BlacK and   White
Puddings,   Ayrshire   Bacon, Cambridge PorK
Sausage
All Kinds of Farm Produce Bought for Cash
NEW WESTMINSTER, B. C.
Phone 219
^USI.   E.   FAL
Pioneer Furniture  Dealer
and Undertaker
Is Doing Business as Usual at the Old Stand
cor. Mckenzie and ag-nes sts.,
New Westminster,, B. C.
Fair Dealing, Goods of   Quality   at   Right   Trices.
 Phone 176 ���-
m
Friday  and   Saturday
Pauline   Frederick
In Israel Zangwill's Masterpiece
"The Moment Before"
Be Sure You See It
PHONES   15 and 16 v
GILLEY BROS.,LTD
 Dealers in ���
Crushed Rock,'Sand and  Gravel,   Lime,   Cement, Piaster, Drain Tile, Etc.
y   Forge, House and Steam Coal.    Agricultural Ljme    1
| 902 Columbia Street ��
& New Westminster, B. C.
WESTMINSTER TRUST
COMPANY
HEAD OFFICE-NEW WESTMINSTER, B. C.
J. J. JONKS, Man.-Dir. J. A. RONNIE, Sec.-Ties.
OUR BUSINESS
Acts as Assignees, Liquidators and Receivers.
Agents for the Sale of Real Bstate,
House and Property Agents,
Insurance in all its Branches in Standard Companies.
Safety Deposit Boxes for Rent, $2.50 and up per annum.
Agent for the Canada Life Assurance Company.
We act as Executor and Trustee under Wills, and  we  will   be
pleased to advise and assist you in drawing up your Will.
Westminster Trust Company INFORMATION TARGET
Not available at time of filming
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LJ Best copy available
D Other:
(Explanation)   flaqe. ^   ehouad   rend
June, iu,  l<U(o
ARS115(U|Lib8)(WScpl) 5<\
New Westminster, B.C., June 9. 1916
THE PACIFIC CANADIAN
Page 3
LOCAL AND  GENERAL.
Your friends can buy any thing you
can give them���except your photograph.
Hurndall does fine work at 624 Columbia
St.     Phone 125R.
The Pacific Highway from this city to
the boundary, a distance of 21 miles, is
to be given a dressingof crude oil, which
will prove a boon to autoists and other
users of this important road.
Mr. Harry K. Burnett, law student
with Whiteside, Kdmonds & Whiteside,
and son of Mr. H.J. A. Burnett, has
joined the Canadian Army Medical Corps
in Vancouver, for overseas service.
An advance party of the 131st Battalion left the city to-dav, under Jyieut. J.
G. Knight, for Vernon, to prepare quarters for the main body of the battaiion,
which will leave early next week.
Students of Duke of Con naught High
School, on Monday, presented Mr. Robt.
Stephen, of the teaching staff, who has
enlisted for active service, with a wrist
watch. The presentation was made by
Miss C. Nelherby and  Mr. Percy Smith.
We are utill doing DUSinosa at tlie
old stand. If there is anything we
can Uo for you in the plumbing, heating or sheet metal line, 'phone 586.
Mannerlng & MacKenzie will give
your needs their immediate attention. ���
H. H. Lennie will be pleased to receive vour application for Fire Insurance. He represents good strong companies and can give you the best rates
possible. Delays are dangerous. Insure
now with H. H. Lennie, 657 Columbia
street, over Johnston's Shoe Store, New
Westminster, 11. C. *
Four inmates of the Provincial Asylum
made their escape Monday. The police
were notified and, with the assistance
of members of the 131st Battalion, all
were recaptured but one man, named
Crowder, aged 39 years, 5 feet 7 inches
in height, weight 147 pounds, ruddy
complexion.
The Italian, Giovanni Gario, alias Jules
John, convicted of the theft of a letter
from the post oflice, was sentenced by
His Honor Judge Howay, Mondav, to
one year's imprisonment at Okalla. Nic-
odeinus Simonetto, for forging a change
of address slip in connection with above
letter, was sentenced to two months.
About one thousand berry pickers are
wanted by July 7th to pick raspberries
and other small fruits in the Mission-
HaUic district. The pay is 35 cents per
crate, and a good picker can make good
wages. Sleeping accommodation, fuel,
and utensils are provided. Mr. Thos.
Tumbull, city labor bureau, has been
authorized to employ women and girls
for this work.
Closing exercises for the school year
for Columbian College were held last
evening. During the afternoon the
young ladies of the college held a garden
party iu aid of the Prisoners of War
Fund. Music was provided by the 131st
Battalion band. A feature of the evening's programme was the unveiling of
the college honor roll, composed of
ninety names.
Miss Bvelyn Major has been elected
Queen of the Roses and will preside over
the Rose Festival to be held at Queen's
Park to-morrow (Saturday) afternaon,
under the auspices of the Imperial Order
Daughters of the Empire, Her attendants will be Miss Mary Keary and Miss
Esther Kirk. Roses and favors will be
sold on the streets during the morning
and the rose fete at the park in the afternoon. Music will be supplied by the
131st Battalion Band.
The funeral of the late 0. A. Crandell
took place on Saturday afternoon from
the Sapperton Baptist Church. Rev. Andrew Grieve, of the Sapperton ISaptist
Church, officiated, assisted by Rev. R.
McCulloch of the Edmonds Baptist
Church. Members of the Orange Lodge,
Royal Templars and the 104th Regiment
attended. The pall bearers were Messrs.
L. B. Lusbv, J. A. Drake, A. Sangster,
J. O. Henderson, T. W. Haslam, and C.
R. Matthias. The late Mr. Crandell was
for many years principal of the Queens-
boro school in this city.
The Saturday half holiday referendum
was carried in the three cities, Wednesday, by big majorities. In this city the
vote was: For Saturday, 1,(136; Wednesday, 191- Vancouver: Saturday,
5,522; Wednesday, 1,654. Victoria: Saturday, 1,853; Wednesday, 1,183. The
half holiday Act passed by the Legislature will now become effective July 1st
next, whicli falls on a Saturday and also
happens to be Dominion Day, a full general holiday
Mr. John Oliver was in the city Wednesday, looking quite iii for the impending political Iray. Mr. Oliver, as an old
parliamentary band and one of the best
equipped public nun of the Province,
rendered yeomen service   to   the   small
but most effective Opposition party at
Victoria during the recent strenuous Bes-
sion. He will without doubt in spite
of Mr. bowser's fervently expressed
wish to the contrary��� have a   seat in the
House himself, as member for Dewdney,
alter tbe election, and is very confident
tbat the Liberals have a winning cause
throughout the Province.
Por Church Union.
The General Assembly of the Presbyterian Church of Canada, in session at
Winnipeg, declared, Wednesday, by an
overwhelming majority, in favor of the
organic union proposal with the Methodist and Congregational Churches. The
vote stood: For, 408; against, 88; absentees or not voting, 117. Of the ministers voting, 222 voted for and 45
against; of the elders, 184 for and 43
against. The east voted four to one for
union and the west five to one for union.
Some time must elapse before union can
be made effective.
City Municipal Matters.
At tbe Council meeting, Monday evening, a communication was read from
Gilley Bros., suggesting that the Council, other things being equal, should buy
local products, and compel city contractors to do likewise, instead of helping to
build up the industries of rival centres at
the expense of local concerns, instancing
the Inlying of most of the crushed rock
used by the city in Vancouver, instead
of here, wliich meant less employment
in this city and more in Vancouver. The
communication was referred to the
Board of Works to report.
The City Engineer was asked to report
on the allegation of the British Columbia Electric Railway Company that two
of the bents in the I.ulu Island bridge
leading to (Jueensboro had settled about
two and a half inches, causing cars to
rock when they pass over it.
Aid. Johnston reported thatA. W. McLeod had been able to secure lower insurance ratings on city buildings, which
would effect a saving in premiums of
$305 in three vears on the Horse Show-
building, and a reduction on the Market
building, The Council expressed appreciation, ami will pay expenses.
A petition was received from the residents of Ninth and Milton streets, asking that necessary improvement work,
which had been overlooked for years, be
done in that vicinity. This was referred
to the Board of Works.
It transpired incidentally that no date
has vet been set  for the tax sale.
Keep Cool!
Phone 397
ROYAL   ICE   WORKS
424 Victoria Street
Perfectly Pure  Ice
Made on premises by most modern
appliances     Delivered to any part
of city or district
W. PhilpOtt, Prop.
ifoyal City Laundry
We make a special rate
for
Family   Washing
Deliveries both ways
WHITE  LABOR ONLY
Electric.   Ironing and every
modern appliance
HOYAL CITY LflUNDHY  CO.
Phone 183.     814 Royal Ave.
Valuator    Money to Loan    Farms
(or'Sale
r|. A. EASTM0N
Notary Public
Guichon Block, Columbia and MeKenzie Sts.,    NRW  WESTMINSTER
COAL
New     Wellington,
Lump, Nut, pea
and Slack
JOSEPH MAVCRS
Foot Sixth St.        Phone 105
Royal lee Works.
This seasonably warm weather, there
is something refreshing in tiie very
thought of ice. '1 he real article, of the
purest quality, made (rom Coquitlam
water, is materialized on the premises by
the Royal Ice Works, W. Philpott pro
prietor, 424 Victoria st., this city, to the
extent of twenty tons per day, This is a
local industry equipped with the most ay
to date ice making plant, known as the
Prick system, actuated by a 50 h.p, electric motor. By the brick air system,
every particle of dirt and sediment is
eliminated from the water in the process
of freezing, making the ice blocks perfectly pure, Delivery is made to all
parts ol ilit- city and a considerable shipping business is done with the district.
The works are a model of compactness
and neatness and will well repay inspection.
W.R.Jaynes
.��� FOR
Oxy-Acetylene
Welding and Brazing
Auto and Motor Boat   Sup-
lilies and Fittings
First  Class Machine; Work
New Westminster
Phone 275      724 Front St
i:
LIMITED
::   The People's   I
*        Grocer        x
1&TH.SMI
w^
I is �� yvg / nr e:��3
X
PHONES:
Main Store - 193 and 194
Sapperton branch - 373
West End branch       -       650 |
Three Big Stores       |
of  Plenty f
x
V
4
X
X
Citv   Market.
There was another good market today, and trading was pushed briskly in
the earlier and cooler morning honrs.
The supply of meats was paaticularly
large, with good demand in all lines.
Early potatoes made their appearance
for the first time in any quantities, selling at 6c per lb. Prices generally speaking ruled the same as last week in all
lines.
I SPECIALS
A
| Monarch Brand Flour
?  We guarantee  this  flour   1st
* class quality in   every partic-
X  tilar.
'j* We  sell   on   a   money back
* basis.
t
X Special Price per sack���
*     S1.50
B.C. MILK
Regular 20-ounce tins, 2   for
25c.    Special price, per
tin 10c
Mackerel in Tomato Sauce
Regular 2 for   25c.     Special
per tin 10c
Royal   Crown
Life, 3 tins for 25c
Cuts Dirt.    Use it   in sinks,
for greasy spots, etc.
I Our Hosiery   Section   is
Teeming with Special Values in Stockings for Wo-1!
men and Children
Childeren's and Women's Silk Lisle Hose.   Women's in Tans  ][
and ���Children's in Sky, Pink, White, Tan and Black.  Sizes .5 to 10
Extra Special 19c
Women's Fibre Silk Ankle  Hose,    Black   and   White.      Sizes
8 1-2 to io
Special 33c
Kiddies' Plain Shades and Faucv   Socks.     Sizes   4 1-2 to 8 1-2
Special   15c
Summer   Underwear for All  in ::
* r
Wanted Qualities Specially Priced |
I   Women's Cotton Vests    -    15,18,25c ii
I   Women's Lisle Vests     -       35,45,75c ii
\        Women's (Summer Combinations
:| 33, 50, 75c  and up
ft.
UMITKI)
* i p
.. ,.
no
it  .>
no
��� ><>
on
i. it
ii ii
< > , ,
i i i i
<> ,,
OH
<> ..
l|<>
llo
II   ll
II II
llo
Liiine and Sulphur Spray. Blue Stone.
Whale Oil Soap, Etc., at
Ry all's Drug Store
Phone :>7. 701 Columbia Street
Reduction aixdThrift
CANADA'S CALL
FOR SERVICE AT HOME
Produce More and Save More
The Empire needs food. If you are not in the fighting line you may be in the producing Idne. Labour
is limited -all the more reason to do more than ever
before. Grow food for the men who are fighting for you. The Allies need all the food that
you can produce. Every little helps. You are responsible for your own work. If you
cannot produce as much as you would like, produce all you can. Work with the right
spirit. Put fighting energy into your effort and produce now when it counts. The more
you produce the more you can save.    Producing and saving are war-service.
Make Your Labour Efficient
In war-timi do not waste time and energy on unimportant and unprofitable work. Economize labour.
Put off unproductive work till after the war, and, if
possible, help in producing something needed now. Let us not waste labour. Canada
needs it all. If possible help to feed the Allies. Make your backyard a productive garden.
Cultivate it with a will.    Make your labour count for as much as possible.
Do Not Waste Materials
There should be no waste in war-time. Canada could
pay the annual interest on her war expenditure out
of what we waste on our farms, in our factories, in
our homes. Every pound of food saved from waste is as good as a pound of increased
production. The way for a nation to save is for every individual to save. France, is strong
to-day because of thrift in time of peace. The men and women of Great Britain are not
only "doing " but are learning to "do without."
Spend Your Money Wisely
finance the war.
better investment
Practise economy in the home by eliminating luxuries.    Wasting our dollars here weakens our strength
at the  Front.      Your savings   will help Canada to
Save your money for the next Dominion War issue.    There can be no
THE   GOVERNMENT   OF   CANADA 6
THE  DEPARTMENT OF  AGRICULTURE THE  DEPARTMENT OF  FINANCE Page 4
THE PACIFIC CANADIAN
New Westeninster, B.C., June 16, 1916
WOMEN'S WORK IN WAR.
Mrs. Pankhurst, the Great Suffragist
Leader, Gives Inspiring Addresses in
Victoria and Vancouver.
The Province has been having a visit
from the great suffragist leader, Mrs. Em-
meline Pankhurst, who has been delivering most stirring and inspiring speeches
in Victoria and Vancouver on different
phases of the war, illustrating the necessity for recruiting and descriptive of
women's great work in the war. Whatever may liave been thought of Mrs.
Pankhurst and her methods as a militant
suffragist, there can be but one opinion
about the splendid, patriotic work she
and her associates are doing, in the Old
Land and throughout the Empire, in
contributing to the success of the tremendous conflict in which Britain and
her allies are engaged.
In what the Time.', describes as a wonderful address delivered at the Old Victoria Theatre, on Wednesday evening of
last week, Mrs. Pankhurst took as her
subject "Ideals of National Service,"
which gave the opportunity for a statement ol the claims of women, "not for
lights, but for responsibilities."
Tribute to Kitchener.
The chair was occupied by Mr. II. C.
Brewster, Liberal leader, liis introduction of the speaker was brief, and was
coupled with a request that the audience
stand as a unanimous tribute to the
memory of the late Karl Kitchener,
"that gigantic figure who had given his
all, even to life, that his country might
be saved in this crisis."
Mrs. Pankhurst's first words were of
the same great soldier. She had been
in Oregon on Tuesday when the news of
his death came. There, in a neutral nation, she had heard only one expression:
sympathy with the nation who had lost
so great a leader, so towering a figure.
The trust of the common people of the
Old Land, confidently reposed even
when Kitchener was meeting with the
severest criticism in some other circles,
had not been misplaced. Time had
proved how splendidly he was able to
justify the confidence of the masses. He
had made an army out of nothing in a
country where the people were accustomed to think that it was no particular
person's business to supervise "preparedness." And more than that. He had
the courage to tell the truth at the very
beginning, where other statesmen held
back from fear or ignorance. He nad
said it would be a very severe, serious
and long war. And he was right.
Two Great Acts.
There were two great acts for whicli
the women should and would hold the
great soldier in special esteem. First,
that at the very outset of the war he hail
given instructions to the army as to
what its attitude was to be with respect
to women. In the midst of his duties
he had foreseen how much the country's
honor depended on the relations of the
army to' the other sex. Never before had
any other army been brought under
moral influence as had the British army
been in this great and unprecedented
war.
A second reason why women were indebted to Kitchener was because of his
stand in the matter of prohibition, said
Mrs. Pankhurst. The King had been
the first to declare a pledge not to use
intoxicant liquors during the war.
Kitchener immediately stood forth and
did likewise.
"Together, to-night, we pay tribute to
the memory of the great . soldier,'' the
speaker continued with suppressed feeling. "The fact that he has lost his life
through a stab in the back and not
openly will only serve the more to nerve
the heart and mind of those who are
fighting."
Spiritual Issues at Stake.
"It is not merely the material existence of the Empire, nor the question of
the preservation of our national independence," Mrs. Pankhurst urged. "It
goes deeper. There are great spiritual
issues at stake in this war. This is not
only a man's war. It is a woman's war.
It is of the woman's point of view I want
to speak now. All that we women have
hoped and longed for is in the balance.
If we lose this war, the things spiritual
and unseen, which the women prize beyond all else, will be lost to the race;
civilization based on justice and right
rather than on force will disappear; progress will be pushed back. lu the first
months of the war we heard of German
treatment of the civil part of the population in Belgium and France. I was one
of those people who hesitated to believe
that anv army could be capable of such
things. But since I have both in Fug-
land and Prance seen people who have
told me at first hand that they are true.
The Germans have been saying since the
war began that they have a divine mission to the world. If what they have
done is a type of what they consider
civilization, then there is a gulf between
their civilization ami ours which can
never be brigded."
British Too Trustful.
Mrs. Pankhurst pleaded for sterner
measures being taken to safeguard the
nation from betrayal by enemies within
its midst. The British were a trustful
race, and too easily let spies pass detection. She had been reminded of this in
coming back from the United States to
Canada. Instead of a rigid cross-examination by the immigration authorities in
Victoria she was causually and pleasantly
welcomed. "We have been paying for
this over-trustfulness ever since the beginning of the war," she declared. "If
this last terrible disaster is to teach us
the lesson, it will not have been altogether without its compensation."
"I want to make you feel what we at
home feel about the possibility of an inconclusive peace," said Mrs. Pankhurst.
"We in England are prepared to fight,
and fight, and fight as long as there are
anv of us left to fight. The men ami
women of to-day will uot betray the
trust handed down to them by their fore-
fithers. I have heard people say they
think Britain has done her part iu the
war when she provides the great navy.
1 do not agree. The responsibility is on
us to-day a great deal more than ou any
���of the other allied nations, if  we  are to
maintain our place. If little Belgium
and Serbia can make the gallant sacrifices they have, we, the British people,
the greatest empire on earth, are fully
prepared to die for our cause as well."
Woman's War, Too.
"It is a woman's war as well as a
man's. You can measure a nation by
the position of its women. If women
are protected and cherished, ihen that is
a great nation. No matter how rich a
nation is, if the women are degraded and
coarsened, then that is not a great nation Germany, with all her great organization, cannot meet the test as well
as Great Britain. There is no civilized
country where the women's movement
has made so little progress as in Germany. It is true that German women
in the present war are playing a great
part. But it is not a voluntary part.
When we women of Britain came into
tbe war, the men were opposed to it.
They thought they ought to do Jill the
lighting. But in Germany the women
were part of that perfect organization ���
very efficiently aud autocratically organized from the top down. It is a very
different matter to organize nations on
democratic lines. All the organization
vou get from democracy is worth having,
because it comes from the bottom instead
of being forced down from the top. The
women in Germany came in under compulsion, five hundred thousand of them
engaged in making munitions. The women of Britain asserted their right to
work for the country, and they won the
right for themselves. They determined
to take a pait, even if they met with opposition'���which thev have."
Women as Doctors.
Very rapidly Mrs. Pankhurst rehearsed
something of what the women of England are doing in connection with the
war. First attention was given to the
women doctors, who, as a profession,
had been active women suffragists for
many years, lt was onfy in recent years
that they had won the consent of the
authorities to be allowed to practice. Two
of the women doctors, Dr. Garrett Anderson, jr., and Dr. Flora Murray, both
Scotch women, had been militant suffragists before die war. One had served
her term in prison for breaking a window. (Applause here interrupted the
speaker,) When the war broke out these
two women hrd gone to the Briiish Government and had offered a fully equipped
and staffed hospital for the treatment of
wounded soldiers. The slow and prejudiced Britisli Government had hesitated
so long in giving an answer that the two
women surgeons had gone over to
France, and in Paris set up a hospital,
entirely staffed with women, which became one of the most noteworthy hospitals among the allied countries. After
seven or eight mouths, the heads of the
Britisli army medical staff, yielding to
the general admiration of the women
physicians' work, sent for these two ladies and asked them to equip in London
a military hospital in the full sense of
the word. This had been done. The
officer in charge is Col. Flora Murray.
All the doctors are women with military
rank and military powers over the soldiers in hospital. With from six to eight
hundred soldier patients, there was absolute discipline in the hospital.
Eagerness to Help.
"Some people," said Mrs. Pankhurst,
"have looked upon the war as an opportunity for making money or winning
personal honor. The women's only idea
has been to serve the country. After
the war cume, I have seen women with
the same sort of expression on their faces
as the old men who stood by the young
recruits and wished that they were young
again that they might go and serve their
country. It was this intense eagerness
to help that brought the women together
and made them find a way to play a part
in this war. /
"Last summer, we women went
through the stage of ammunition making. In addition to that we engaged in
all kinds of work that men used to do.
We became train conductors, elevator
'boys,' street cleaners. The latest development is in regaad to agriculture.
The Government is now recruiting an
army of women 400,000 strong to fight,
not in the trenches, but on the land, to
take the place of the men." Canada,
said the speaker, would have to face an
emergency of the same kind, if the war
went on.
Caring for the Children.
"We may be losing our charm, so
much boasted, but so difficult to fix. But
we are remembering the homes olid
thinking of the children." And here
the speaker launched into a description
of one of the finest and biggest works
undertaken by tin' women since the war
began the care of the "war babies."
While actual statistics demonstrated that
the number ol illegitimate births were
on the decrease rather than on the increase since the war, the question still
remained a very serious and terrible
problem, the number of illegitimate
children annually born in Ivnglaml being
40,000, The militants in England had
decided to take the first step iu the solution of the problem. The W.S.P.U.
babies, "Mrs. I'ankhurst's Babies," as
they were popularly called, were being
brought up on a farm, under the most
favorable conditions, and with every regard to the budding talent whicli was
already apparent in some of the children. They were to be trained in whatever way their capacity called for.
In conclusion, Mrs. Pankhurst said it
was wonderful how the war had drawn
the nation together. All criticism and
condemnation was submerged in the remembrance that they were just one
family fighting for the great traditions
of their race. When the war was over,
they were going on as an undivided
Empire, to be greater and nobler, a better example to the world than ever before.
A vote of thanks, endorsed by the
whole audience, was moved by Very
Rev. Dean Schofield, seconded by Dr.
Scott, and Mrs. Bowser, wife of the Premier, presented a bouduet of red carnations to the speaker of the evening.
A collection for the War Babies' fund
was taken, and the proceeds at- the door
were divided equally between that fund
and the War Emergency Association.
Seasonable
Suggestions
Al Peanut Butter, lb 20e
Libby's Salad Dressing-.. 15 & 35c
Salad Oil, bot 25 and 50c
Sweet Pickles. We have sampled
these and find them   verv nice.
15c tin  for 10c
25c tin   for 20c
Libby's Peaches, large  tin--.25c
Orchard City Peaches, 2 tins..35c
Delinonte Royal Annie Cherries
tin    15c
Underwood's Devilled Hani,
tin 20  and 35c
Lyons Natural Lemonade,   bottle 25c
Lyons Lime Juice,  50c size
for     35c
Rose's Lime Juice 10 and 50c
Monk & Glass Lemon Crystals,
pkg  15c
Eiffel Tower Lemonade, tin- -25c
Lemons, per  do/ 25c
Model Grocery
Matheson & Jacobson
308 Sixth St. Phone 1001-2
East Burnaby, 2nd St. Phone 598
Edmonds, Gray Block Phone 1111L
Sapperton, Guhr Block Phone 1012
Painting Season
NOW
use MARTIN-SKNOUR'S
100 Per Cent
Pure Paints
It pays to use the best
T. J. TRAPP & CO., Ltd.
Phones:
Store .S9       Office 196
Machinery   and   Auto   Dept.   691
James & McClughan
PLUMBING
and
HEATING
Auto Tires & Accessories
HARDWARE
New Westminster, B. C.
FRONT and SIXTH Sts.
Phone 302
MILLINERY
Special sale of Ladies' Trimmed Millinery Friday and Saturday. Ke^ular
$5.00 for $3.50. These are exceptionally good value.
MISS DSVEVS PARLORS
McLeod Block
WOOD
AND
COAL
at prices that   are   RIGHT
Quality, Quantity and Service  is  our
motto
Phones:   150-732
Belyea & Company, Ltd.
827 Carnarvon Street
Women's & Children's Underwear
"WATSON'fe" Knitted Cotton
Underwear and "ECLIPSE"
Whitewear, two "Made in Canada"
brands which cannot be surpassed
for quality and style.
In Knitted Undergarments there
are weights suitable for every kind
of weather, ut present the demand
being for Fine Lisle and Cotton
Undervests and Drawers, Combinations, all sizes for little tots to
the extra large outsiz.es.
WHITEWEAR
in fine Cambric, Nainsook and
Muslins���every needed kind for
present wear.
Special prices this week on many
odd lines.
W. S. Collister & Co.
The Store  for Women's Wear
P. O. Box 933
Westminster  Iron  Works
���JOHN   REID,   Proprietor
General Machine Work, Engineering  and
Blacksmithing
Manufacturers of  Structural and Ornamental Ironwork
Agents for  REGAL GASOLINE ENGINES
Office and  Works
TENTH STREE
'Si  New Westminster, B. G.
INSURANCE
We write Fire, Life, Accident, Plate Glass, Automobile, and Livestock
��� Insurance ���
Our Companies'  Assets Exceed $650,000,000
See Us for Rates
Wm. McAdam
Real Estate & Insurance Broker
Phone 498 Box 801
Room 1, Hart Block
New  Westminster,   B. C.
ii        ��� i        ii.
Doughnuts
Some doughnuts seem to be
made to wear, but Grant's
doughnuts are made to eat.
As brown as ripe berries inside, and solid and mealv
when you break through.
Per doz. 15 cts.
T. H. GRANT
Baked in the bakery on  Columbia, cor. of Begbie
0,
m
m
%
m
m
m
m
%
m
EDISON
Special  Attraction
Friday  and   Saturday 1
Triangle Pine Art Play
MARY BOLAND
with
WILLARD MACK & FRANK MILLS
in
'The Edge of
the Abyss'
HALE HAMILTON
with  PAULINE   MORTON   in
"Her  Painted  Hero
A Triangle Keystone Comedy
Mack Sennett Production
�� ��&��& 05> is�� i��3��
w WWW www

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