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The Pacific Canadian May 5, 1894

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Array Vol. I.
NEW   WESTMINSTER,   BRITISH   COLUMBIA,   MAY, 5,1894.
No. 34
BUSINESS   CARDS.
HOTELS. Etc.
T\J EROIIANT'S HOTEL,OQrnoroCMoNeely
1VJ unil Oolumbla Streets, Host wines
and Cigars kop1 constantly on band. JAS.
i'Asii. Proprietor.
MERCHANTS'     EXCHANGE     DINING
ItooM.  Oysters fresh dally. Allgamo
In soason.  Oi lay and night.   Meals at
all hours,   Flrst-etosscusine. No Chinamen.
IIARItV lIliiiiiKs, Proprietor.
GROTTO HOTEL, This House lias been
thoroughly renovated and refurnished,
and the proprietor koIIoIih u shareof publio
natronago. MEALS, SSconts. While cooks.
0. It. SMALL, Proprietor.
ri'lll', TELEGRAPH HOTEL, Front street,
I opposite in tho Ferry Landing. Noth
inir but uliolcost of liquors and cigars. Tele-
phono  108.,   I'.  0,   llnx 80.   IHKIAN  BROS.,
Proprietors,	
IjlIOICOKF HOUSE, oqrnor Front and
'j Uogblostroots, New Westminster. First
iilOKK lm nil iinil lodging. Dost wines. liquors
ami cigars supplied ai tho bar. HUFF &
BWANSON, Proprlotors.
OOOIDENTAL HOTEL, comer Oolumbla
iiinl llogblo Stroots, New Wostmlnstor.
II. i'.    Hales for  Hoard  1  Lodging:  Per
day, 11.00; por woek, IB.80. The be,-i of wines,
Liquors mni Uigurs dispensed lit ihe bar.
J. 0, GRAY. Proprietor,
DEPOT HOTEL, Oolumbla Street, NeV
Wostmlnstor, Thobesl ll.OOaday houso
In Oanada. Tho minus mv superior, and the
Hotel Is well adapted to the noods of families,
to whom special rates aro given. Hoard by
ihe weel; ill reduced rales. P.O. BILODEAU,
Proprietor,
ml IK HOLBKOOK HOUSE, Front Street,
1 Now Wostmlnstor. This Is tho popular
Hotel of tbo oity. Airy mid well furnished
rooms. Cusine aepartiiuMit enrefully supervised.mid Ihe dining tuhles supplied wlih
all the luxuries of the season. Banquets
spread io order. Lato suppers provided at
snort notice. ��� Oholoo Wines, Liquors and
Cigars in the sample room. A. YAOHON,
Proprietor.
Pure Bred Berkshire
Pigs.
The undersigned, breeder of Pure Ilred
Berkshire Swine, has always on hand plus of
all ages, which will he sold at reasonable
prices.   Apply to
THOMAS SHANNON.
Olovordale, B.C.
One Dollar per Tear,
The subscription price of this paper is
SI per annum. Tbe Pacific Canadian'
is tho only 81 paper published in liritish
Columbia, and is certainly the best
paper published for the money in any
of the western Provinces of Canada. A
newspaper is an educator, and no
family should be without one. The
Canadian Is designed font family paper,
and is ahvays free, of objectionable
mutter. Every homo should have it.
Only SI per year.
CITY   AND   DISTRICT.
IN CONVENTION.
i.
Dressed, 50 c
Thoo
:(i   per  doz.   allVI
l'.V 0
it8i.se
Corner of Columbia fe MeKenzie Sts.,
HE 9f WESTMINSTER.
CAPITAL, all paid up, $12,000,000
REST,   -    -    -   6,000,000
A Savings  Bank
Department
Has  been  opened   in   connection   with
this Branch.
Merest Allowed at Current Rates.
At present tkrec and one-half pa- cut.
GEO   O.   BRYMNER,
Manayer.
Mainland Truck and Dray
Stables,
NEW WESTMINSTER.
GILLEY BROS.
Draylng & Teaming Promptly
Attended tn.
ALDER AND I'Mlt WOOD AND BARK
ALWAYS ON HANI).
Agents for T. Hembrough & Co.'8 Brick,
Tile and l'ottery Works.
Orders received tqrQIlloy & Rogers'Coal.
E. J. NEWTON
Importer and Manufacturer of
Harness, Saddles, Etc.
SATISFACTION GUARANTEED.
STOCK SADDLES A SPECIALTY.
547 Front St., New Westminster.
Tiik District Methodist Conference
was in session here this week.
.1. W, (i.w,i,A<iiii-:i:. of the Nanalmo
Telegram, has assigned.
The time arrived on May 1st for Mr.
C. I'. Band to have his contract under
way.
TiiKiiK have been 200 men discharged
on the Pacific division of tbo C.P.R. owing to tho dull times.
Tiik Chilliwack Agricultural Society's
fair will bo held on the 3rd, 4th and 5th
October next.
Tiik Chinese employed by the C.l'.R
| havo been docked   five   cents   an  hour.
Tlie price now paid is 15 conts per hour
at the freight sheds. ^^^~
Tiik Dewdney convention to choose an
Opposition candidate will be held to-day.
It is expectod that Mr. Sword will be the
I nominee.
i
About 800 Chinaman arrived in Vancouver tills week by tbe Empress of
China. Their destination is said to be
tlie West India Islands.
F, E. Wadk, an old timer, died at
Wade's Landing last week of heart
disease. Deceased came to B.C. in 1858
from Quebec, and was 57 years of age.
Tiik liritish barque Thermopylae was
towed to sea ou Tuesday by the tug
Active from the Brunette Sawmills after
loading (ioo.ooo feet of lumber for Shanghai.
Tun Government is offering 8250 reward for information tbat wil lead to the
covlctlon of the party or parties who
shot Mr. W. J. Moggridge on March 30th
last.
THB Coquitlam Dyking Commissioners
met this week and awarded to Messrs.
McLean Bros, the contract of dyking
:t,:i()ll acres of tlie Pitt Meadows. The
contract price is between .$05,000 and
$70,000.
Two Japanese boats and nets were
seized on Wednesday by Capt. Grant,
Fisheries Guardian, for infraction of tho
fishery regulations. In one case the net
wns longer than allowed by law and tlie
oilier had omitted to comply with thu
numbering regulations.
Tiiosk names thai have been dropped!
Irom Ilie list of the Electoral District of'.
New Westminster City will be found in ;
another part of this paper. Any person
finding their inline there who has a right j
to a vote should notify Mr. Townsend ]
and have his name at onco put on the!
list.
Construction operations   were commenced on Tuesday on  tbe new  line of
railway running iu to Blaine, just south
of tbe bouiulury line.    The  new  road is
only to be some thirty   miles  in   length, j
but ii will form a connection  with other [
lines, and is said to   be   bucked   by  the
Chicago,   Burlington   _  Qulncy.    The I
real estate owners of Blaine and vicinity j
bonused the undertaking liberally with I
city and suburban proporty. The people
of Blaine are feeling quite elated.
At the last meeting of Ilie Chilliwack
Council the following resolution was
passed: "That Ibis Council submit tlin
following proposition to the Chilliwack
Railway Co.! We would propose to submit a by-law re said railway to the
electors for their approval. The said
by-law  to  guarantee  it  per  cent,   on
87,000 per mile for 211 miles. The railway lo give the council as a guaranteo
2o per cent, of the gross earnings and
832,000 of tho Dominion subsidy, given
absolutely to the said Council."
Mil. C. I). MOGGJUDGK, of llcllcuicadc
Kami, and his bride, paused through this
city en route from England on Tuesday
morning. Mr. Moggridg'.sholiday In the
Old Country was cut short by the deplorable calamity that overtook his
brother a few Jweokl ago ut tho hands
of tramps, whilo superintending the farm
near Blalno, ami he returned to li. 0, at
short notice, ihe trip from England occupying only ir. days. The young couple
woro gfoatly rollovod on arriving here to
learn that tbo Injured brother wus much
Improved in condition, und tbat there
was u good prospeol of full recovery fnini
ilie murderous assault,
Tiik Atlantic express did not pull nut
of Vancouver on Tuesday till aftor the
arrival of tbo Empress of Clilnn at nearly
ii p.m.. and ihe delay wus principally on
account or one man, Uo li u representative of Pearson's Weekly, a London,
Mug., publication, and he lofl Charing
Cross Blatlon In that   tropolls of tha
world on the morning of March 12 at ii
a.m. for the purpose of circling tho
world in 0(1 days, lie Is now 48 hours
ahead of his schedule, und if he hns
the good luck to roacli New York In
timo to catch tho North Gorman Lloyd
sieuiner Trano, Instead of tha .New fork,
which lie wus scheduled to travel by, bo
will bavo{accompllshod Ids trip in about
tv.',}, days, after using only ilie ordinary
means of travel mui aro available to
everyone. The C.P.R, will do ull lu Its
power to land Mr. Griffith at Moiitroal
lu time to catch the express for .New
York to connect wlih the liner mentioned, but ovon If he fulls in Hint lie
can take, the City of New York, and will
reach London within the. Olj days.
���soil, 50 cents each.
10Only other poultry offered wus one
j goose, which brought 81.SS.
er roll.      EggB,
Id
���0096, which Di'ougnt S1.2E
Butter, 55 lo 00 cents pe:
li to 80 eellls per doz.
Pork, $8.50 to 89.     Very little offered.
fork, HJ8.50 to so.     very little olrored.
Heel CailUOt bo quoted better than 1
cents for forequarler und 0 cents for
hindqiiui'ters, but there is practically
none coming in, und tlie demand is
constant.   Cuts, 8 to i2.!j conts.
Mutton, none.    Cuts are quoted  a! II
 in, non
to 1SJ cents
'tits are quoted  ut l i
o 1SJ cents.
Veal, live, fljjf cents; dressed i) cents.
Hay, Sll to 813 por ton.    Not  much
moving.
Oats wanted but  none,  offered,  H21 to
830 per toiris a safe quotation.
Wheat, 825 to 830.
Potatoes, 818 to 819 per ton.   Turnips,
SO; mangolds, none; carrots, none; beets,
j 1% cents per lb.; parsnips, ij cents per
pound.
Rhubarb, 3 cents per pound.
Great Northern Strike Ended.
Minneapolis, May 1.���The strike on tlie
Great Northern Railroad whicli involved
its 5,000 employees on its 3.700 miles
of line, and which has suspended traffic,,
both freight and passenger, for two
weeks is over. This was accomplished
by the adjudication of the ���Claims of tho
employees and the road rather than by
arbitration, the court being a joint
committee of the representatives of leading business organisations. This committee was organised at a conference
of St. Paul and Minneapolis business men
held at the Commercial Club iu this city
last Sunday night. It consisted of
Messrs. C. A. Pillsbury, B. F. Nelson, J.
T. Wyman, IS G. Winston, and F. R. Ilea-
cock, of Minneapolis: Dan II. Moon, P.
II. Kelly, Geo. R. Finch, C. VV. Hackett,
Richard Gordon and O. C. Seabury. of
St. Paul. President Hill, of the Great
Northern, at onco expressed bis willingness to leave tlie settlement of the striko
in tlie hands of these men. Tho strikers
at first demurred, but finally agreed
that they would meet Mr. Hill before
the committee. Tbe conference began
shortly after 4 o'clock iu thu rooms of
the St. Paul Jobbers' Association. President Debs, Vice-President Howard, of
the A. R. U., and L. W. Rogers, editor
of the official organ of the American
Railway Union, were present on behalf
of the, strikers. The result of the conference, which lasted until lute in the
evening, is that the strikers gain nine-
teen-lweutieths of the points made. President Hill conceded without argument
tlie restoration of the wages of the engineers, firemen, conductors, brakemen,
boilermakers, trackmen, sectlonmen and
blacksmiths. Tlie reduction inthocases
of thoso men was 10 per cent. The committee took up the cases of the car inspectors, car repairers, oilers, operators,
etc. In these cases the wages of the men
were practically restored, there being
only minor points of difference on which
there could be no serious disagreement.
The meeting progressed with the best of
feeling throughout. Mr. Debs did most
of the talking for the strikers, President
Hill replying for the road. At tha closo
there wus great rejoicing and the following telegram wus sent out along the
line us official notice that the strike was
off: "To tlie strikers of tho Great Northern : A settlement has been reached.
Report for duty at once. (Signed) Debs
and Howard.''
To-morrow Messrs. Rogers and Howard will accompany the representatives
of the western section of the strikers
over the line to personally notify the
employees and instil them with a good
feeling towards the road. The final settlement arrived at by the committee,
on the cases of the men which President
Hill was nol willing to concede without
argument, was that 75 per cent, of the
reduction In wages since August should
be restored.
The first train on the Westminster
Southern branch of ihe Great Northern
system, to reach the Eraser liver, pulled
up at Brownsville ou Thursday evening,
and the line is now In full operation
with the regular trains.
The wreck of the whulebaek Wetmore,
i which went ashore at Coos Bay, is being
rapidly enveloped in sand. A bar is ex-
l lending out towards her, aud if it kcops
! on forming us rapidly us It has tho past
; year It will onlv be a short time when a
! person cun walk aboard of her. The machinery, valued at about ��30,000, is still
i In the wreck and tlie owners will now
| wail for Ilie laud to go to tho ship before
i attempting to take it out.
In order lo make f lie provisions of tho
j Labor act passed last session thoroughly
! illidnrsl I by those   concerned   therein.
the Government are preparing and will
shortly issue copies of the act and the
regulations thereunder, in pamphlet
form. Tho regulations und schedule
| of forms ure ample and complete, and
mako the procedure for taking advantage of tho act so plain that it can be
readily understood. Copies will in a few
I diiys'lie obtainable at tlie offices of the
| dapartniont. It Is to be hoped thatlabor
disputes in tlie Province will keep in tho
far distance, but should they arise tho
present net provides simple methods and
ut government expense, whereby any
differences between employers and employes may he amicably ami equitably
settled, and cordial relations maintained.
D. S. Curtis the choice of the Ministerial
party in New Westminster-
An Enthusiastic Meeting.
The meeting of the supporters of
the .Ministerial party hold iu tlie
central committee rooms on Wednesday evening lust was a most, nn-
tbusiastic one. There wns a gratifying
attendance, the large room being packed
full, und among those presoill wore
icaiiy all the prominent business mon of
ihe city, witli u largo sprinkling of members of the Young .Men's Political As-
soclatlon, who were very boartlly welcomed, Tlie business wns oponed by u
neat address from the chairman, Mr,.las.
Cunningham, who made nn Interesting
commentary on the current  politics of
tin- Province, and expressed his pleasure
at the presence of Hon. Premier Davio,
who would nddross the meeting.
Secretary Loamy then read iniiiules of
the last meeting, to the effect thut the
names of several leading men of the city
had been brought forward as prospective
candidates for tlie representation of Now
Westminster in tho next Legislative Assembly, while also there was a strong
desire that lion. Mr. Davie would consent to receive the nomination and be
elected member for New Westminster
City. The business for which the meeting was now assembled, was lo reach
conclusions in regard to the choico of a
candidate, as It was now time the
nominee of tlie party was in the field.
Hon. Mr. Davie arose amidst loud applause, and assured his hearers of his
high appreciation of the honor conferred
upon him in requesting him to become
i a candidate for the representation of
J this city, lie might say that advances
in tliis respect hud first been made to
him some months Since, and he bad at
that time been favorably disposed to tlie
nomination, witli Mr. .1. C. Hrown for an
opponent. But that gentleman having
since retired from Provincial politics, lie
(Mr. Davie) felt that the conditions were
changed, and he would not like to place
himself lu a position where opponents
couid say that he had become a candidate after his chief antagonist was out
of the way. The Government hud been
blamed by the Opposition for the retirement of Mr. Brown, but he could assure
all present that neither himself nor any
of his colleagues had moved either
directly or indirectly to bin Mr. Brown
from the Legislature. They could very
easily have done so by adding a few lines
to tho Election Act, barring Dominion
officials from seats in the Legislature, a
rule that has long beon In force In
Ontario and Quebec, and no doubt all tbe
other Provinces. It was, on the contrary, a fact that thn members of the Government were well satisfied to have Mr.
Brown continue in the House, for they
must expect to have un Opposition to
contend witli, and no opposition could
bo weaker than that of Mr. Hrown.
unless perhaps it was that of Mr.
Beaven. It wasn't for lack of ability,
but because of trails of character that
rendered them perfectly unable to attach
or to hold followers. Continuing, Mr.
Davie said he was well assured from the
information lies had received regarding
this constituency, that whoever was
chosen by this meeting to be lis candidate would have little difficulty In Winning an easy victory, whoever might be
the candidate of the Opposition. Any
one of thoso whose names had just been
submitted could carry the city with ease.
and he did not think It would be right of
him to leave the part of the Province to
whicli he properly belonged und come
over here to represent a .Mainland constituency. \\ bile deeply honored by the
trust offered to him, he (ell he would
have to decline the nomination aud
would be much in favor of a local mau
being chosen to be the standard bearer
of tlie causo. Proceeding, the lion.
Premier next went at length Into some
of the election cries raited by the opposition in the hope of being able to
deceive tho electors. Tho iNukusp A
Slocan railway guarantee lie discussed al
length, tracing il from Its very Inception.
Tlie Vancouver News-Advertiser, and lu
fact the entire press of the Province hud
urged upon the Government the pressing
need of immediate action In ihe construction uf a Canadian railway to tup
the Slocan mining country, and thereby
secure to tho pjople of this Province a
large trade whicli would otherwise inevitably lind its way to American cities.
The Government bad already taken
power from tin: Legislature to aid this
und other rouds by guaranteeing Interest
on the cost of construction to the amount
of 835,000 per mile at 4 per cent, for:.';,
years. Tho Shuswap _ Okanagan was
built under this system and the cost hud
amouuted to tlie full limit of Ihe
guarantee. Iu negotiating for the construction of the Nakusp it Slocan on the
same basis lie had consulted witli sonic
of the best Canadian linancors, ami it
i had been demonstrated to blm that the
system of guaranteeing interest wus a
ruinous one for the country, lu the first
place the rate of Interest wus higher,
while, the bonds had to be sold at a heavy
reduction in order to meet Intending
purchasers. Under the system the cost
of the road would amount to the lull
��25,000 authorized by the Legislature,
while if it method could be devised
whereby tin) security of tho bonds could
be made satisfactory to capitalists, tho
immediate result would be reduction of
interest and the prevention of the heavy
discounts. At the same time tlie cost of
construction would be greatly reduced.
Tliis suggested method of financing was
new to him (Mr. Davie) and his colleagues, and indeed to tlie whole Legislature, hut the advantage of it to tho
Provlnco was manifest, and he was not
so tied to any scheme that he would not
change if for a bettor. After examining from every every point of view the
advisability in the public interest of
guaranteeing both principal and interest,
and"finding ft every way advantageous,
the Government had adopted that plan.
The result was that; the construction of
the road was reduced from 835,000 a mile
to 817,500 por mile, a clear saving of
87,500 per mile. Hefore entering into
these arrangements, however, every care
was taken lo protect Ihe interest of the
Province. An agreement was entered
into with the C.l'.R. Company, under
which that company is obliged to operate
the [ond for 25 years, paying therefor a
sum equal to 40 per cent, of all the gross
earnings of tlie roud. Then the eon-
-i ruction company, bofore being awarded
a contract, were required to pay over to
the Provincial Treasury the full amount
of the Dominion subsidy, being8118,400,
wliich was accordingly paid over. It
will readily bo seen that the interest of
tlie Province was protected on overy
side and that under the. arrangements a
very large saving was effected iu the
revenues of the Province. At a low
coinpiitatioii.of traffic returns, the 40per
cent, of earnings to tie paid by tlie
C.P.R. will of itself be more than sufficient to provide Interest and sinking fund
to cover all the obligations undertaken
by tho Government in connection with
the road. Tlie Opposition endeavored
to create tho impression tliatlhuNaktisp
& Slocan railway wns a badly built line,
equipped with second-hand material.
Tlie absurdity of this contention must bo
apparent to every man acquainted with
the circumstances. In the first place
tlie construction company had, as already slated, advanced the Dominion
subsidy of 8118,400, expecting, of course,
to gat it from the Dominion on the completion of the road. But all roads, to
obtain the subsidy, must be constructed
up to the Dominion standard, which is a
high one, and must be Inspected and
passed by the Dominion engineer. Therefore, If the Nakusp road Is not up to the
standard, tne construction company will ]
lose their 8118,400. This is not to be j
believed, lu the next place, the C.l'.R. j
company have contracted to operate the \
road for 25 years, paying to the Province i
nearly half of the entire gross earnings.
for rental. It Is perfect nonsense to |
imagine that a company like the C.l'.R. I
would consent, at so heavy a charge, to
take over and operate a faulty road.
What more guurantee would any reasonable man need. Then as to the cost, it
Is a fact that the Nakusp it Slocan is tlie
cheapest railway ever constructed in
liritish Columbia. It cost the C.P.R.
with all tbe advantages of Its large plant,
823,000 a mile to build the Mission branch
apart from the bridge over the Fraser.
The Fort Sheppard road cost between
819,000 and ��520,000 per mile. Tbo Columbia ,t Kootenay cost 882,000 per mile,
The same is true of all other roads in
B.C., including thu main line of the
C.P.R. In view of this, no one not in-
teuiioiially unreasonable would accuse
the Government of paying too dear for
the Nakusp roud. But tho gentlemen
of the Opposition were worse thun Intentionally unreasonable. Without a
shadow of proof and contrary to all the
evidence, they bad in a convert way,
sought by miserable inuendo to create
the impression that the Ministers of the
Crown had been guilty of dishonesty in
the transaction. The Government invite! inquiry, but that was not Hie purpose of the Opposition, for they knew
that Inquiry would  show   the  falsity of
the Insinuations advancod. Finally, one
opposition member, more Indiscreet than
the ol hers, committed himself m a
definite accusation, and tin1 Government
were prompt to seize the opportunity to
move for a Royal Commission to Investigate the baseless charges.     This  action
fell like u bolt in the Opposition camp,
und un attempt was made lo distort. Ihe
scope of the commission so as to destroy
the whole purport of  the  Inquiry.    But
the Government was not  to  no thrown
oh* with a red barring, und u full Investigation would bo gone into before the
Commission thai would nettle for ever
the truth or falsehood of the accusal urns
made by the Opposition. The mombers
of the Government courted rigid inquiry,
and were coiilideni that tbe Integrity Of
their notion would lu due time he mude
munifesl lo every elector. Tbe Hon.
I'rciuics said he would like to touch
upon other mailers upon whicli the Opposition sought lo make election capital, but
he had already lukcii up il   good   ileal Of
time, and would leave his further remarks (or a futur eiisiou.   Mr. Davie
look his seat   iiinidsi   a   Vflrj   storm  ol
applause,
Aftor  the  applause   hud   subsided,
several calls were   maile   for   Mr.   D. S.
Curtis, whose name has i n prominently
mentioned 'or months hack in connection wiiii Hie Legislative representation
of New Westminster, Mr. Curtis cume
forward amidst enthusiastic manlfostn
tions of approval by  ull   present,    lie
referred bl'lolll lo affairs ot polities,
pa) ing a tribute of respect lo Mr. .1. C,
Ilrowu. with whose polilical record, however, hi' was nol in accord. lie discussed   ihe   position   of   II Ilv   al   some
length, and adverted lo his own private
affairs, which he said required ull his
ult en lion, and though rejoiced ami elated
at tbo manifestations ol good-will that
hail just boon given him   by   his   follow*
citizens, lm diii not si,,, tbat be could
accept, ihe nomination.
This  latter  statement  was received
with tokens oi disapproval, and It was
quite evident that Ihe unanimous wish
of the meotlng wus In Invor of Mr.
Curtis. .Mayor Hoy spoke briefly to this
purpose, and then a Hood of enthusiasm
swept over the iiudienee, and Mr. Curtis
was urged to accept, the nomination with
an earnestness that he found himself
unable to refuse. On bis intimating bis
acceptance, tho audience roso to a man
and cheered and applauded in tho most
inspiring way.
Mr. Curtis mado a fitting response, and
the business of tho meeting being completed to the eminent satisfaction of all
present, an adjournment was ' made
until Friday evening. Of the largo
throng of people in attendance, It is safe
I" say every individual returned to his
home with the solid conviction that Mr.
1). !���>. Curtis will be the next M.P.P. for
New Westminster.
Anarchist Henri Sentenced to Death.
Paris, April 30.���Emil Henri, the
bomb thrower, has been convicted and
sentenced to death. During the trial he
replied to the judge's questions coolly
and impudently. He admitted that lie
tried to escape, but only iu order to resume the manufacture of bombs the next
day. Continuing, he said: "I aimed at
tho mob at the centre of the. cafe, where
tho orchestra was playing, but I throw
the bomb too high." .fudge Potior here
remarked: "However, you killed one
person and wounded 20 others." The
prisoner interposed, crying, "No, 1 in-
jurned only 17." "In any case," the
judgo continued, "you intended to kill
20." "Certainly," replied Henri, with
ostentation, "certainly I did." "You
took great care in making the bomb,"
was the next remark of the judge.
"Vaillant declared that if Uo meant to
kill he would have put bullets and not
nails in his bomb. You put 120 bullets
in yours." "Precisely," was the calm
reply. "I wanted to kill and not wound."
"The jury will form its own opinion on
this subject. They have seen the vain,
inglorious cynicism with which you
avow your intentions." The prisoner
hero interposed, exclaiming hotly: "It
is not cynicism, it is conviction. 1 admit that I wanted to kill somo of those
bourgeoise, and tried to kill my pursuers." "And you desired to destroy a
building'.1" asked the judge. In reply to
this question he said contemptuously;
"I did not care a snap for a bull ling. 1
struck at the bourgeoise." "You mean
you deliberately tried to kill innocent
persons?" "No," exclaimed Henri, no
bourgeoise is innocent."
Tho prisoner, refusing later to relate
his connection with the anarchist chief
Oritiz, the judge warned hiin against
maintaining silence, which caused Henri
to exclaim contemptuously: "Pooh, pooh,
1 am certain of being condemned to
death, whether I maintain silence or
whether 1 do not."
The judge then resumed: "You are
silent because you do not wish to admit
that voir hand is stained with blood.
You took money from a thief."
This caused the prisoner to retort insolently: "If my hands are stained with
blood red as your robe 1 am proud of
what I have done."
M. Gaupit, a witness for the defence,
expressed the opinion that Henri was
mentally affected. This called forth an
excited protest from tbe prisoner, who
asserted that ho was perfectly sane. As
to the Terminus affair he said it was to
revenge wholesale arrests of anarchists.
He wished the bourgeois to understand
that starving men had no respect for
human life, and had no mercy in the war
against the bourgeois.
Henri's address ended with the words:
"You have killed anarchists, but what
vou can't kill is anarchy, whicli will end
by killing the bourgeois." M. Route],
counsel for the prisoner, made an eloquent speech in Henri's behalf.
The jury brought in a verdict of
guilty, and Henri was shortly afteward
sentenced to death. The prisoner received bis sentence laughing and shouting: "Courage, comrades; nice. I'anarcliy."
lie was removed under a strong escort of
Republican guards.
New York, April 30.���A special from
VVilkesbarre, Pa., suys: Cornelius Bayle,
a miner of Baltimore No. 2 mining camp,
near here, was married two weeks ago to
Miss Sarah CulllngS, his lirst wife having
died two months before, leaving four
small children. The second Mrs. Bayle
settled iu ber new home on Monday, and
every day since then she says she has
been visited by the ghost of the last Mrs.
liuy'o. Just.alter entering the bouse she
was somewhat surprised to see the table
and chairs upset, and every time she
righted.them they would again overturn.
The next day she was lu the kitchen
when tbe spirit appeared suddenly aud
Irli il tu lay violent hands upon her. Sho
shrieked and then fainled. On Tuesday
and Wednesday Mrs. Bayle called the
neighbors to witness the rioting of tho
lule Mrs. Bayle. Some of them said they
heard sounds, and shortly afterwards ran
out ol the house with ashes on their
heads.    Shu claimed they  were  thrown
hy   the  spirit.    Tic  wraith appeared
again on Thursday, and she mustered up
sufficient courage to question it. Thn
spirit, she said, told nor to be good to thn
children and keep lliem   warm.     She is
positive in her statements of Hie visitation, and is supported In thom by her
sister. The slsler suys she has frequently
beard the racket, hut us yet bus not,seen
anything. Mr. Bayle left the house yesterday und suys she will never enter it
again,
An arrungelueiil I]OS been made forlhc
, construction of an electric railway for Ihe
| ell y of Nan a I mo, witli an ox I on sion to tho
town of Wellington.    The line   will bo
, about ten miles in length, and the equip-
I incut ihe best system now iu use. Among
j ili<isi! Interested are several Victorians,
I from whom It Is learned that the mud
i will be pushed through without delay,
and likely to be iu operation by the 1st
I of Sopioinhcr. By the construction of
this railway the city of Nanaimo will be
greatly bonollttod, as il will bring the
towns of Norihliehl and Wellington
within easv access of the Coal City.
Prom present Indications there is nu
doubt that the enterprise will bn a
success. 'NEW   WESTMINSTER,   BRITISH   COLUMBIA,   MAY, 5,1894
THE PACIFIC GASMAN
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Address:
THE PACIFIC CANADIAN.
New Westminster, B.C.
mtc   lUteiftc   ��mutMmt,
NEW WESTMINSTEE, APEIL38, 1894.
Thebe are no loss than three Government candidates in the-lield for North
Kootenay. Tho Opposition there is evidently considered of no account.
A mk.kting of the Delta Political
Organization is culled for Saturday,
May 12th, at Cloverdale, for tho transaction of general business. On May 19th
a convention of delegates will be held at
tho same place for tho selection of a candidate in tbo Government interest.
Thk nomination of Mr. D. 8. Curtis for
New Westminster City in the Government interest is attracting a good deal
of friendly criticism In the Provincial
newspapers. Mr. Curtis is evidently
widely known and everywhere held in
high esteem. A man of sound common
sense, of good business talents and of
unquestioned honesty of purpose, he
possesses the sincere respect of all classes
of the community.
Premier Davie, who came ovor to
Westminster to attend the convention
of Government supporters on Wednesday
night, returned to Vancouver on Thursday evening. J'c was greatlv pleased
with the nominal on of Mr. Curtis, and
during his brief tl.y in this city was
able to obtain an insight into political
feeling here, that more, than satislied
him that two-thirds of tho electors of
. New Westminster a>'u in hearty accord
with the Government.
Is there any excuse or justification for
a politican -deliberately vllllfylng and
misrepresenting an opponent',' There
should not be. There is no apparent
reason why a man who holds a representative position in trust from tho people,
should follow a line of conduct that in
the Ordinary affairs of life would brand
him as a contemptible maligner of personal character. Tlie people do not ask.
and do not want, such degrading service,
from their representatives. Yot it is a
fact that al| through the. last session of
the Legislature, the mombors of the
Government, holding the highest position
in the gift of the people, had continually
to contend againt a set policy on the
part of their opponents of wretched
Insinuation, calculated to operate, like
other poisons, In effecting what could
not be accomplished in manly fashion.
The retirement of Mr. Hrown from the
Legislature is a caso in point. While it
is clear that the post-master of this city
should never have been permitted to sit
iu the Legislature, and that tlie Dominion authorities were under necessity
to put a stop to the anomaly, nevertheless the opponents of Mr. Davie's Government seek to make capital out of the
action of tho Postmaster-General, and
by accusing Mr. Davie of using his influence with the Post Ollice Department
to have Mr. Brown's political career cut
short, endeavor to create sympathy for
the Opposition by implying that tho,lion.
Premier had acted ina cowardly manner.
It made no matter that Mr. Davio and
his colleagues expressly and emphatically
denied having taken any part iu the
forced retirement of Westminster's postmaster, the calumny was only the moro
eagerly circulated, the deliberate intent
being to damage the Government by
resorting to misrepresentation andJalso-
hood, knowing it to bo such. Mr. Barnard, M.P., has communicated with the
Post-ofiice Department on the subject,
and the. correspondence has boon published. Thus ll, has been made manifest
that the Opposition calumniators had
not a shadow of ground for their false
accusation, and that the whole thing
was a low am! contemptible attempt to
injure opponents by a resort to means
that would be considered foul amongst
the most degraded of men.
Mb. McGii.i.iviiav, who was nominated
a short time ago lo opposo Mr. Kitchen
in Chilliwack, has since withdrawn from
the nomination in favor of Reeve Cawley,
who was considered by somo to bo a
stronger candidate. Mr. McGillivray's
manly action is to be commended, and
will not be lost upon tbe friends of good
government in Chilliwack. Mr. Cawley
is an exceedingly popular man, and at
the lato municipal election was elected
Reeve by an overwhelming majority,
Mr. Kitchen's lieutenant being left
almost out of sight. People well acquainted with Chilliwack express themselves as certain that Mr. Cawley will
obtain an easy victory over Mr. Kitchen.
The Mainland Opposition party is
pretty well broken up. The indications
are that thero will be nothing left of the
old party when the elections are over.
The loader is under a cloud, and according to a public statement of his own,
may even be in jail before the date of
the election. Mr. Brown is out of
politics to save a good public ollice. Mr.
Kitchen has small prospect of being reelected. Mr. Suord is hunting for a
constituency. So is Mr. Foster. Roallv
it is getting to be a very cold and
melancholy time for the patriots who
wuuted to mismember the Province.
Never was there a political party so unscrupulous In method and so imbecile in
accomplishment. Imagine the Mainland
Opposition party forming a Government
with the material available. lt would
lie a sick Government, and in u very
little time this would be a sick country,
Ox Friday evening of last week a meeting of young men of this city was held
In the committee rooms of the Govern-
 nt supporters.   The purpose of it was
lo consider whether it would be advisable to organize an association of young
men to work in concert with the Central
Committoo of the Governmont party.
After u number of young men and some
older heads had expressed approval of
Ihe project it was resolved to form the
"Young Men's Political Association."
The meeting then pr 'ded lo the election of ii stall' of officers, and a great
deal of interest,  was   manifested   ill   the
proceedings.   It Is said  that nearly 60
per cent, of the electors of New West-
mlnster come fairly under the head
(if young men, us understood by the
junior association, so that the movement inaugurated on Friday night is
certain to make Its Influence felt in the
political contest now approaching. The
roll of membership is already a large
one, und the young men are working up
a keen enthusiasm lu the work of the
association. A voto taken to souse the
wishes of members in regard tu a candidate, showed tin1 members lu be unanimously lu favor of Mr. 1). >S. Curtis.
The Nanalmo Free Press of April 20th,
referring to the world-wide celebration
of the Oddfellows fraternity, offers its
readers the following interesting historical sketch:���
To-day. in every civilized country in tho
world, will be celebrated, so to speak,
the "diamond wedding" by the Independent Order of Oddfellows, which during
that "diamond" period of time.has increased from live members to almost a
million, The official records only reach
to December 31st. 1892, and up to that
date no less a sum than ��01,000,000 hud
been spent In the relief of sick and distressed members, burial of tho dead,
assistance to widows and orphans. Tiio
annual relief now amounts to considerably over ��3,000,000, while the net yearly
increase of members exceeds 50,000. In
the 20 years between 1872 and 1892 the
Order more than doubled itself in membership and financial standing.
Following is a brief synopsis of tbe
salient features incident to tho the inception of the IndependentOrder of Oddfellows, with a transcript of the original
charter from Duke of York Lodge, of
Old England, which will no doubt prove
interesting to very many of our  readers:
The Order of Oddfellows originated in
England In the Eighteenth Century. In
the early part of that century the celebrated Daniel De Foo mentions th , Society of Odd Fellows, and In the Gentle-
���man's Magazine for 1745, the Odd Fellow's
Lodge is mentioned as "a place where
very pleasant and recreative evenings
are spent." The poet James Montgomery, In 1788, wrote a song for a
bud/ of Odd I'd lows. The Odd Fellows'
Keepsake stato that the early English
Lodges were supported und their members relieved by each member and ,'isiior
paying a penny to the Secretary on
entering tbe Lodge, These allusions arc
stii'lioient proof of the existence, of tlie
Order at the time, but tbey tell us nothing of Its aims, objects nnd characteristics,
l'roni other sources it is known that
the Lodges wort originally formed by
workingmen for social purposes, and for
giving tlie brethren aid and assisting
them to obtain employments when out of
work. When n brother could not obtain
work he was "given a Curd und funds
enough to carry him to tlie next Lodge,
and if unsuccessful there, that Lodge
facilitated his further progress in tlie
same way.
Where lie found employment, there he
deposited his card.
At lirst there was little or no Ritual,
ami uo formal method of conducting the
business of tlie Lodge. These were matters of gradual and slow growth. Tlie
English are and were very conservative, and do not readily yield to innovations, Time, however, works wonders,
so that in tlie end many radical and necessary changes were made in the Order.
Even to this -Jay some of the orginul and
characteristic features of the Ordor are
still practised iu Ihe English branch of
the fraternity. In tho early days of the
institution, after tlie formal business was
transacted, conviviality and good fellowship became tlie order of tbe night, and
the brethren, glass and pipe in band,
mude the welkin ring with the melody
of their favorite songs.
Wildey, thn father and founder of
American Odd Fellowship, brought with
him to this country the seed, which cure-
fully sown and nurtured, bus grown to
such a mighty tree that. In the shade
produced by lis wide-spreading branches
the brethren may seek and obtain solace
and security from most of the storms incident to human life.
The natal day ol American  Odd Fel
lowship was the-2Gth of April, 181!). The
attempts mude, prior to this date, to establish tho Order here, failed, or the
sickly and sporadic growth became absorbed in the more vigorous family planted by Wildey. The circumstances attending tliis historic event are here
briefly presented.
Thoflias Wildey was born In London
on the 15th day of January, 1782. On
reaching manhood he was initiated into
an Odd Fellows Lodge in which ho distinguished himself by his zeal and integrity.
Tliis was prior to the formation of
Manchester Unity, so that the. body to
whicli he belonged, existed aud worked
according to the early mode of self-institution.
Desirous of spreading the Order to
which he was so ardently attached, be,
with others, started a new lodge, styled
Morning Star Lodge, No 38, locatod In
London.
Until 1817, ho continued to be actively
interested in the work of the Order and
more than onco passed through the
chairs. The cheering news and the favorable reports received by him from
countrymen here decided bim to seek in
this new and highly favored land, a fairer
fortune. He possessed hope, health and
industry, sure passports to prosperity
anywhere. The exigencies of commerce
had greatly mollified the hatred and animosities engendered by the late war, so
that be had every reason to expect the
full fruittlon of liis hopes.
As wus natural to a stranger in a
strange laud ho Immediately sought t
make the acquaintance of his fellow
countrymen residing in the City of Baltl-
niore. Among tho lirst of thoso whom
he mot wus John Welch, an Odd Fellow.
Animated by his former zeal for the
Order, and feeling the loss of his wont,od
Held of labor and its allied social pleasures and advantages, ho at once took
steps to form a Lodge. Tbo requisite
number was fivo so that witli three the
way to success would be clear. They
advertised for tho lacking number in tbo
Baltimore American, at lirst with partial
success.
Tho last advertisement brought to the
rendezvous a certain Richard Enshworth
who with John Duncan and John Cheatham, whom they had met a month beforo, completed tho charmed number.
They had all been initiated into the
Order in England, and so far their qualifications wore correct. On that memorable 36th day of April, they, in accordance witb tho ancient custom, self-instituted themselves a Lodge, whicli they
named "Washington Lodge of Odd Fellows."
Thus their frail bark was launched
upon a wide and unknown sea. How
would tho voyago end and to what haven
go? Still their buoyant spirits and energetic natures augured woll for their ultimate success. They presented the Order
to the world���God's problem, awaiting
man's solution. The seed that was to
grow into such a mighty oak was this
day planted. They could not forsee the
result, the soil to them was unknown,
untried: thev contributed their all to
success, patient labor and constant, vigilance, and that", too, in the face of bitter
opposition.
They met at the public house of Thomas
Lupton, the place designated in the
advertisement, and aft>r tho formal
opening of the Lodge, Thomas Wildey
was installed Noble Grand and John
Welch, Vice-Grand. The other ollices
were distributed among the rest of the
brethren.
Tho Order was now started on its mission to fraternize the world and disseminate every whoro its peculiar doctrines of
Friendship, Love, and Truth. In 1817,
the Manchester Unity made a number of
radical changes in the Work of the
Order. In fact for several years prior to
this date, the Unity was engaged in evolving order out of chaos, in constructing a suitable Ritual and a practical Code
of Laws for its better regulation. As
these changes and additions were unknown to Wildey and his brethren, tho
work performed by them was necessarily not in harmony with that of tho
Unity. They learned this fact from a
Henry M. Jackson, who arrived in Baltimore shortly after the institution of the
Lodge.' It appears that Mr. Jackson
came to America with the prime object
of introducing Odd Fellowship. He was
ignorant of the fact that tho Order already existed here. Ho visited the
Lodge at the "Seven Stars" and obligingly instructed tbe brethren aright in
the work and placed them in possession
of all the information necessary to work
iu conformity with the regulations of tho
Unity. In September, 1819, the Lodge
numbered nineteen members. This incident showed tbem the necessity of fraternal union witli that rapidly growing
branch of the Order in England, tho
Manchester Unity. At this timo and
while the brethren were in this frame of
I mind, P. G. Crowder, of Preston, England, visited Baltimore. Brother Crowder, al their request, promised that on
liis return ho would present to the proper authorities their potition f.>r a
Charter and for future fellowship. Upon
his return he presented his petition to
his own Lodge which promptly granted
tin: original charter for Washington
Lodge, of which the following is a copy:
No. i.
WASH INGTI IN'S LODt I IS
I'luribiis IJnitiu.
THE GRAND
LODGE OF MARYLAND,
ANII  111' TIIE
UNITED STATES OF AMERICA,
of 'nu-:
INDEPENDENT ORDER
OF
ODDKELLOWSIIIP.
Thomas Woodward so long as five Brothers are agreeable to hold the same���In
testimony hereof we have subjoined our
Names and allixed the Seal of onr Lodge
this tbe Frst Day of February, One
Thousand Eight Hundred and Twenty.
James Maudley, g.m.
John Cottiim, N.G.
Geo. Nailor, V.G.
John Eccles, Secy.
John Crowder, P.O.
Win. Topping, P.G.
Saui'l Pemberton. P.G.
Geo. Ward, P.G.
John Wulmsley, P.G.
Gee. Bell, P.G.
EDUCATION OFFICE,
PROVINCIAL.
A brunch of tlie Protestant Protective
! Association as been organized in Vancouver. They cleim to have a membor-
I ship of 150 and to control 1,000.
William Barker, the veteran miner
who gave Ins name to "Cariboo's capital,"
is very ill with cancer at tho Old Men's
Home, under treatment by Dr. George
Duncan.
The Alberni paper mill isnowall ready
for operations,tlie machinery being tested
ou Saturday and found to work most
.satisfactorily. Operations begin this
week for turning out a regular supply of
paper.
A lire, broke out at Oak Park, Quanii-
chan lake, Sunday morning,  destroying
I the residence of Mr. W. II. Elkington and
j nearly all the contents.
Trouble bas arisen between Vancouver
city and Its firemen. Tho city has presented a contract to tbe firemen for slg-
j nature resigning all claims to damages
from accidents which occurred while
they were on active duty. The firemen
refuse to sign, and there tho matter
stands.
Work on tho erection of a new Chinese
Joss house in Victoria will shortly be
commenced. Tbo building is to cost in
tho neighborhood of 84,000, and will, it
is understood, bo a two-story frame
structure. It is to be built for one of the
societies in connection with the Yune
Wall Company, of San Francisco.
Captain Napoleon Fitzstubbs arrived
in Victoria from Nelson ou Sunday and
was immediately taken to the Jubileo
hospital, where he now lies dangerously
ill. In travelling from Nelson to Nakusp on official duty, Capt. Fitz Stubbs
took tho road from Kaslo to Nakusp; it
was still blocked with snow, perilous and
very difficult. The result was that on
reaching Revelstoko Capt. Fitz Stubbs
was completely prostrated, nor has be
yet recovered from tho ill effects of his
hard journey.,
Charles Burko, first mate of the ship
India; now loading coal at the Northlield
wharf, was killed Monday morning by
falling down the hatch of that vessel.
Burke was superintending the loading
of the. vessol and while so engaged walked through an open hatchway, falling
headlong into the hold, landing on the
coal twelve feet below, fracturing his
skull. Death ensued six minutes later.
Burke was a native of New York, aged
50. He was married, bis wife residing
at San Francisco.
Cure of Lnmps. ^
Atleastonce a month tbe wicks shonV.
bo taken out of kerosene lampti, thi
burners unscrewed and boiled in water
to whicli pear_ue or a little wnshitic,
soda has been added. This will remove;
the coating of grease and dust, and add.
much to tlie clearness aud power oi' the
light.
Lamp chimneys are best cleaned by
holding them ovor steam, then wiping
with a dry cloth and polishing with
newspaper.
For Dally Komeiubrance.
Strive with thy thoughts unclean before they overpower thee. Use thet' ���
they will thee, for if thou sparest tlie:i
they take root and grow, know well, these
thoughts will overpower and kill thee.
Beware, disciple, suffer not. e'en though
it be their shadow, to approach. For it
will grow, increase in size anil power,
and then this thing of darkness will absorb thy being before thou hast well
realized the foul monster's presence.���
Light On The Path.
NOTICE.
April mit, 1894.
Whereas the Council of Public Instruction is empowered, under the "Public School Act," to creato School Districts in addition to those already existing, and to define tlie boundaries thereof,
and from time to time to alter the boundaries of existing Districts; it is hereby
notified that the Council has been pleased to create tlie following tract of laud
to be a School District, under the title,
of "Huntingdon School District:"
Commencing at tlie south-east corner
of Section 1, Township 10, Westminster
District: thenco due west three miles to
tbe south-west corner of Section 3; thence
true north to the north-west corner of
Section ll); thonce In a right line oust
to the township line; thonce directly
south to the point of commencement.
Also that the Council has been pleased to creato the following tract uf land
to be a School District, under the title
of "Langley Prairie School District:"
Commencing at the south-west corner
of Section :i, Township 8, Wostmlnstor
District; thenco due east to the township
line; tiience north one mile to tho northeast corner of Lot 1107; thence true west
one and a half -niles; thence north to
the centre of Section 14; thence west to
tlie middle point of the western boundary lino of Section 15; thenco iu a direct line south to the point, of commencement.
Also, that the Council has been pleased to alter and ro-deflne the boundaries
of "Belmont School District," as follows:���
Commencing at tins north-east corner
of Section 30, Township 7, Westminster
District; thenco south two miles to tbo
south-east corner of Section 25; thence
directly west to thn south-west corner of
Section 27; thencj truo north to the
north-west corner ol Section 34; thenco
in a direct lino east to the point of commencement.
Also, that tho Council has been pleased to alter and re-define tho boundaries
of "Clayton School District," as follows:���
Commencing at the north-west corner
of Section 30, Township 8, Westminster
District; thenco due south to the Yr.lo
Waggon Road; thonce. south-easterly
along said road to tlie south-east corner
of Section 10; thenco north to tho middle point of the western boundary lino
of Section 15; thence, directly cast one
mile; thonce due north one mile to tbe
centre of tho eastern boundary lino of
Section 22; thence true east two miles to
tlie centre of tho east'irn boundary of
Section 34; thence due north one and a
half miles to the north-east corner of
Section 2.1: thence true west six miles
to the point of commencement.
Also, that the Council bus been pleased to alter and re-define tlie boundaries
of "Prairie School District,.' us folows:���
Commencing at the middle point of the
eastern boundary line of Section 21,
Township 11, Westminster District;
tiience true west live miles to tlie midt'li
point of tlie eastern boundary lino ol
.Section 22, Township 8: thonce duo
south one mile; thence oust to the centre of Section 14; thenco south ono an'
a half miles; thenco truo east to tho
township line; thence south one mile;
thence, cast one-half of i mile; thenco
north to tho centre of !��� i i ion 0, Township 11; thence directly east to the middle point of the western boundary of
Section 3; thence due north to the point
of commencement.
Also, that the Council has b )en pleased to alter and re-define the boundaries
of "Abbotsford School District," as follows.
Commencing at the north-west corner
of Section 32, Township 10, Wostmin=ter
District; thonce true "outh to tho International Boundary Line; thonce ca^t
two miles to tho south-oast, corner of
Section 4; thenco north to the north-east
corner of Section 9; thenco in a direct
line east to thn township line; thence
due north to tho north-east corner of
Section 30; thence true west to the point
of commencement.
Shorthorn Bulls for Sale.
FOR SALE, two thoroughbred Shorthorn
Yearling1 Mulls. Registered pedigree. For
particulars apply to
H. D. BENSON, Ladners, B. O.
CLYDE SfALLIoI
Tho thoroughbred Clydesdale stallion.
"Pbinob Charlie,'' registered No. 514, will
make tho soason of 1804 at LiuhiersCSunvy,
and Langley! commencing on Monday, Oth
A/iril, 1894.
TERMS���To insuro, ��15, payable on 1st ol
March) or when mare is known to be in foal.
11. D. BENSON, Proprietor
Qualification anil Registration
of Provincial Voters.
NOTICE is hereby given that in accordance with the provisions of Section 10 of the "Legislative Electorate
ai.d Election Act, 181)4," I shall hold a
Court of Revision at the Court House on
the 28th day of May, 181)4, for tho purpose of hearing the claims of an; person.'.
who allege that their names have been
Improperly struck oil, or omitted from
the List of Voters for tlie Electoral District of Now Westminster City.
Win. 11. TOWNSEND,
Collector of Voters.
VANCOUVER ISLAND.
A EL placer claims and leaseholds in
Vancouver Island and adjacent
islands legally held may be laid over
from thn loth day of Novembor, 181)3,
until the 1st day of June, 1894.
F. d. VERNON,
Gold Commissioner.
Victoria, B. C. (ith December, 1893.
-AT-
A. meeting of the Stockholders of ihe New
Westminster Gas Company, Limited, will be
held ill the works of the Company, New
Westminster, ou Monday the Slst duy of .May
1804, at 10,80a. in., for the purpose of considering the annual report of the Trustees. Increasing theI'apiiiil stock of the Company
to$_5,000., the election of officers anil goner-
ally transacting such other business us may
legally lie transacted :it such mooting.
Dated this lit h day of April, 1804,
JAMES  OTTNNINGHAM,
HENRY ELLIOTT,
WALTER THOMAS,
Trustees.
Mcdonald bros.
Best Hungarian Flour, $1.10 per sack.
Bost Oregon Flour, $1.10 per sack.
Best Ceylon Tea, 35 cents per lb.
Granulated Sugar, 30 lbs., Si.
1 Yellow Sugar, 21 lbs., SI.
Currants, 15 lbs., 81. Raisins, 15 lbs. 91
J Japan Rico, 18 lbs. SI. Deans, 4c. per lb
] Tomatoes, 10 tins, $1
Corn. Peas, and Heans, 11 tins, $1.
American Coal Oil, J1.60.
Corn Starch, 1" cents per lb.
Bird Seed, 10 cents per lb.
..lilk, in cents per tin.
Sago, ii cts. per lb.   Tapioca, G cts. per lb
Pickles, 20 cents per bottle.
Worcestershire Sauce, 20 cts. per bottle.
Blue Point Oysters, 20 cents per tin.
Column's Mustard. 25 cents per tin.
Pearline. �� lbs., $1. p
Fresh 'round Coffee, 25 cents per lb,
Pruies. 12 lbs., SI.
Ev. Ap.ioots. ii lbs., $1.
Balance ofcCroclery and Glassware at
a sacrifice.
All other [goods at equally low prices.
��2T Cash i .ust accompany all orders.
720 ColnmMa street,
New Westminster, B. C.
J. HENLEY
Manufacturer of
Mineral Water,
ISTOTTOE
To all whom Itmay concern this Warrant
or Dispensation, is a free gift from the
Duke of York's Lodgo of the Independent Order of ODDFELLOWS���IP,
liohlen at Preston, In the County of
Lancaster, iu old England, to a number
of Brothers residing in the City of Baltimore, to establish a Dodge at the House
of Brother Thomas Woodwards, in South
Frederick Street in tlie said City; llail'd
by the Title of "No. 1, WASHINGTON'S
LODGE, the Grand Lodge of Maryland,
and of the United States of America"
that the said Lodge being the first
established In the. United States hath
power to grant a Warrant or Dispensation to a numbor of Brothers of the
Independent Older of ODDFELLOWS-IP, into any State of the Union, for
the encouragement and support of
Brothers of the said Order, when on
Travel or otherwise���And bo It further
observed that the said Lodge bo not removed   from   the    House    of    Brother
EDUCATION OFFICE
Victoria Map 3rd, 1894.
NOTICE is hereby given that tlie annual examination of candidates for
certificates of qualification to teach in
the Public Schools or the Province will
he hold as follows, commencing on Wednesday, .1 uly 4th, at ii a.m.:���
Victoria���Iu South Park School Building.
Vancouver���In High School   Building.
Kamloops���In Public School Building.
Each applicant in ust forward a notice,
thirty days before the examination, stating the class and grade of certificate,
for which be will be a candidate, the optional subjects selected, aud at whicli uf
the above named places he will attend.
Every notice of intention to be an applicant must be accompanied with satisfactory testimonials of moral character.
Candidates are notified that all tlie
above requirements must be fulfilled before their applications can be filed.
All candidates for FlratClass, Grade A.
Certificates, including Graduates, must
attend in Victoria lo take the subjects
prescribed for duly 14th and Kith instants, and to undergo required oral examinations.
S. D. POPE,
Suprinteiidant of Education.
Lease of Ti_ib>-Ji "Limits,
Ta__sh   Harfocrar,
Smith's S'j_tid.
SEALED TENDERS will be .'cceived
. by the Honourable tho Chief Commissioner of Lands and Works up to 4
o'clock p. in. on Monday, 81st May next,
from any person, persons, or corporation
duly authorized in Unit 110111111', for por-
miBSion to lease tlie 111 del mentioned
lands for tlie purpose of 1 attlng spurs,
timber, or lumber, subject to ihe provis-
onsof the "Laud Act" and amendments
herein,   viz:���
Lots 30, 31, 32, 33, 50, 51, and 52,
Range 2, Coast District, containing in
the aggregate 18,898 acres
Tlie competitor offering the highest
cash bonus will, subject to tho fulfillment of the provisions of the Lund
Act" and amendments, as aforesaid   bo
! entitled to a leaso of the  pr "nlsos' for a
: term of twenty-one year-'
Each tender must bo accompanied by
I a certified bank cheque to cover the cost
of survey, Si,042.70. tho lirst year's rental, $1,380.10, and the amount of tho
bonus tendered! and if the person tendering is not the  owner    ,f   a   properly
! equipped saw-mill in some  part   of  the
\ Province appurtenant to the limits tendered for, he must enclose another COl'tl-
1 lied cheque for SI.389.20, as a guarantee
fur the erection of a suitable  mill within
, two years.   The cheques will be at once
returned to unsuccessful competitors.
W. S. (IORE,
1 Deputy Commissioner of Lands ��� Works.
Lands and Works Department,
( Victoria, B. C, 25th April, 1894.
Syrups,
Es:3nces,
Etc.. Etc.
Factory in rear of City Brewery.
Gunning-am St., M Wtitmnster, B.C.
After Feb, 1st,
Bennett, the feeler,
will be found in the Store next to Tramway office, lately occupied by
Davidson  Bros.
Best   ai_d   Largest
Stock in Town.
Any   Style  of  Jewelry
made to order.
Sir We make a specialty of repairing
Chronographs, Repeaters, and all line
and complicated watches.
Orders by mail solicited.
JOHN  D. BENNETT,
New Westminster a��>
NEW   WESTMINSTER,   BRITISH   COLUMBIA,   MAY, 5, 1894.
FUNCTION AND  FIELD
OF GOVERNMENT IN THIS COUNTRY
CLEARLY  ELABORATED.
The Imperial, llnmlnlon anil Prorlnolal
Government* und Their Bxeeotive, Legislative and Judicial Functions Mado
So Clear That tho Ordinary May Understand.
Herbert B. Ames, of Montreal, in a
recent lecture discussed "Somo Canadian Questions of the Day," and ill the
course of it illustrated the field and
function of government in the following
table:
FUNCTION.
Executive Lkuisi.ative   Judicial
1
a
w
a
y.
c
|
s
0
I
Ch
Queen
Imperial
Privy
Council
English
Parliament
Juilieiary '
Commission    |
Imperial
Privy
Council
Q
UI
_>���
_
Governor-
General
Cabinet
Ottawa
Parliament
Supreme
Court
Lieutenant-
Governor
Cabinet
Quebec
Parliament
Queen's
ltonch
lxjcal
Courts
___ w >��_.
Legislative Electorate and
tion Act, 1891
The Executive administel'R law.
The Legislative enacts law.
Tho .Tudiclul interprets and enforces law.
After a lengthy disquisition anil elaboration of the system of government
and parliamentary procedure, the lecturer said: Our constitution, as it now
stands, lias been modelled on that of
Great Britain and that of the United
States and being of later date, 1887, is
free from nnich that still trammels the
growth and freedom in even these so-
called free countries. Canada's prospects are therefore of tho brightest. In
the three executive fields were united
the voice of tlie Canadian people and
that of the Imperial Crown. The only
salary paid for British pro ection is that
of the Governor-General, $50,000 per
annum. He is generally appointed by
the Queen for six years, and is assisted
in his office by a cabinet of seventeen
ministers, heads of the diffcient departments, selected by the Premier in power
and approved of by the Governor-General.
In the bodies legislative he contrasted
the functions of the Canadian Parliaments with those of the United States,
to the considerable detriment of the
latter. The individual Slate's rights in
the United States, not beinsr. definitely
specified, conflicted frequently with tlie
country's rights, ami by the nature of
the existing constitution, this conflict
couhl not be settled in the proper way.
In Canada, us a contrast, thu Provincial
rights are distinctly marked, and anything beyond tiiese is settled by tiie
Dominion Government. There are 81
seats in the Senate and 215 in the House
of Commons.
In Quebec there aro two house���the
Legislative Council (24 members) and
the House of Assembly (05 members).
The other provinces of the Dominion
have not all two houses. The Imperial
Legislative body has alone tho right ot
making treaties.
, In regard to the judical functions the
criminal law was similar for all the province, although the civil law differed,
in some being based on French law and
in others on English. The judges are
chosen for their probity and learning by
the Governor or Lieutenant Governor.
Then followed a most interesting description of tlie opening and operations
of our Dominion Parliament, prorogation, dismissal and summoning of which
is iu the exclusive right of tho Governor. The formalities to be observed at an
opening and the titles of officials hud dignitaries take us back to me_83val times.
As to the passing of hills there is no
"rushing legislation," but a slow process
of presentation by individuals or committees, followed by two readings; then
the bill is taken to committee and appears for a third reading in anything
but its original form, it having perhaps
been tattered to pieces by Opposition
member.', i:i committee, it ia then voted
on, the Clerk of the House calling twice
over eacii member by name, the first
timo for ayes, rhe .second for nuys. If
it passe the Commons, it gees through
the seven stages of ihe Senate, and then
if passed, to tlie Governor-General who
can pans it, veto it or tako it "en deli-
here" for two years, after which time it
goes by default. If it passes tho Commons and not the Senate, a period of
haggling and compromise ensues and
may end by the bill going by default or
by its being accepted, and then the Go
vernor has the nual decision.
Tim Mechanical Whltewasher*
Master MechanicF, 13. Griffith, of the
Delaware* Laokawanna cud Western
road, has adapted to whitewashing the
method used at the World's Fair for
painting the buildings, says the Railroad Gazette. He has fitted up a freight
car with two reservoirs and tiireo ordinary air pumps. Si,-ain is taken from
the loooniulivo or any stationary couplings, The air is conveyed from these
reservoirs I lirough piping or hose to the'
operator, who Bpraj's tho lime over tho
building tu bo whitewashed. To each
nozzio nre attached two lines of hose,
one currying tiie whitewash and the
Othor tho air, and the flow of each is
regul ited by valves. Tho nozzles may
be uf ached at tbe end of a long arm,
enabling the operator to roach heights
inaccessible to tho brush, except by
scaffolding, ���
Meaning of Curtain Names.
Christopher is Greek, signifying Christ
Bearing.
Reuben. Jewish name, signifies the
Sou of a Vision.
Murk is of Roman origin, meaning
The 11 immer.
Honora, a Latin name, signifies the
Honorable One.
Ophelia comes from tbe Greek, and
means a Somen t.
Aurora is from the Latin, Morning
Splendor.
Horatio, an Italian MEM, means
Worthy to Be Seen.
Ignatius, from tbe I_tiO, tfg__t��
$ob FierT Man.
Philip," from tbe Or��el\ OWMU ���
Lover of Horseflesh.
Wnlt.cr is an old German word, mean-
irs Co' ,':.: r
NAMES OF PERSONS WHO ARE
DROPPED FROM THE CLOSED
REGISTER OF NEW WESTMINSTER CITY ELECTORAL DISTRICT :���
8   Armstrong, .fames, inillman
12 Alexander John, carpenter
14 Alexander, C. .)., laborer
20 Angus, John Or., millman
22 Adair. Peter, ship carpenter
2.1 Allen, William, C.l'.R. foreman
28 Andrew, David, moulder
30 Ayling, Harry llonoriiis, bricklayer
1)1 Anderson, Richard, laborer
(18 Armatage, Robert, butcher
89 Apploton, George, painter
40 Arnold, Richard, laborer
41 Adams, Charles, laborer
-12 Adiunsoii, Anthony, painter
Alverson, Goo, Win., sawyer
61  llegsby, Judson, fisherman
88 Harnuin, T. O., laborer
07 Badcook, .lames, mariner
101  Burnett, .lames, carpenter
108 lliircholt, Edwin, cook
10.") Hunter, Jacob, barkeeper
110 Beadle, Arthur, bricklayer
114 llrisson, John, lumberman
120 lieriningliiini, David, laborer
120 Hone, (Jeorge, lumberman
127 Buckler, Alfred, cooper
128 Barr, Robert, teamster
12!l Bijou, Fred., logger
131 Bangs, Ernest Jas., niillhand
182 Hrown, Arthur, laborer
133 Beetnan, Arthur, laborer
135 Bonfield, _., fisherman
130 Berry, John, laborer
137 Bennett, H., clerk
138 Hrownley, William, engineer
189 Harnett, Robert, blacksmith
140 Barclay, James, machinist
141 Harry John, book-keeper
142 Buddun, Frank, barkeeper
143 Baker, John P. II., com. merchant
144 Brewster, Gilbert W., fisherman
140 Bice, Sam, laborer
147 Blake, Adam, bartender
151 Broadstock, Wm. H., shipwright
158 lireinner, Robert, laborer
Intm llrodie, William, electric lineman
,,   Brown, James A., laborer
,,   Barclay, Wm. M., laborer
,,   Blackburn, Robert, laborer
183 Clarence, Edmund, logger
li)5 Cunningham, lly. M., tinsmith
201 Clements, Andrew, lumberman
202 Cardinal, Felix, lumberman
204 Cossiir, Arthur, dairyman
200 Curran, Pat. H., Il.C.P. guard
208 Culbort, James, niillhand
210 Connor. George, carpenter
211 Cavanagh, John, laborer
2i!i Collie, John, lumberman
221 Campbell, Sam. John, lumberman
230 Condell, u., lumberman
232 Cunningham, Thos. M., clerk
23!) Cummins, Frank, loggei
240 Creighton, D. IS, carpenter
213 Currio, Joseph, blacksmith
247 Cooper, Mahlon, turner
256 Carson, Harry, laborer
257 Craddock, Alex., lumberman
258 Carroll, Charles J., laborer
201 Cunningham, Bernard, logger
202 Collier, Win. 11., millbaiid
264 Corney, John, niillhand
2115 Carter, James S., laborer
200 Cameron, Farqiihar. carpenter
207 Cannell, William, fisherman
208 Campbell, Peter A., laborer
271 Courtial, Alcide, laborer
273 Cattanach, L. C, miner
274 Chlsholiu, A., lumberman
275 Connolly, Aiex., laborer
277 Cannin". Edgar, harness-maker
280 Copo, Silas, laborer
281 Clair, Peter, laborer
287 Cunningham, Jas. Alex.,lath sawyer
287 Carroll. James, millman
200 Craig. Howard W , agent
297 Chalk, Abel, laborer
299 Clapp, Charles, laborer
IntuiCarman, John F. Ernest, motoriuan
307 Dayer, Daniel, guard at B.C.P.
313 Dunn, John, laborer
323 Davis, John P., lumberman
328 Dliidsdale, William, laborer
330 Dowd, W. C, milUiand
335 Ditmnss, Jeremiah, master mariner
330 Donnelly, Samuel, painter
838 Dundas, Henry, laborer
340 Dory, John, miner
341 Dunn. Joseph, fanner
342 Doras, John Wm., butcher
343 Despar, Joseph, longer
315 Dessuraux, Charles, farmer
348 Dubois, John W.. lumberman
350 Dickinson, James, laborer
351 Davles, Charles, mariner
359 Doiill, Alexander, salesman
Intin Harry, James, millman
307 English. Abraham, gas-fitter
372 Earle, Edward, ship carpenter
373 Ettinger, Hugh, brickniaker
371 Ettinger. James (!., brickmakcr
37s Edwards, Henry .I., niillhaiul
381 Evans, Charles J., butcher
3si Edwards, Evan Edwin, carpenter
390 French, William Jas., butcher
390 Fraser, William S.. teamster
HO Freeman. John, mariner
���III  Fansel, Win., James, logger
413 Fall,. John E., s. s. band
423 Flowers. .Iiiines, caponier
���124 Forrest, George, logger
���128 Freeland, A. _., laborer
433 Finney. William, contractor
436 Filzpatrick, Thomas, laborer
440 Forster, John, tailor
Intin Farrarid, Charles, laborer
,,   Prlohetto, Napoleon, millman
480 Gledhlll, Wm. N., lumberman
���189 Green, Robert.I., watchman
490 Gray, George, lumberman
496 Galpln, Walter, laborer
504 Gligor, James, laborer
1   506 Gilles, Miii'dock W., carpenter
j   r,08 Gillis. I). S., ship carpenter
509 Graham, Daniel, laborer
i   610 Gray, Robert, laborer
j  512 Gray. Prank, laborer
:  516 Gufrane, Frank, laborer
I   51(1 Gilley, Walter Andrew, carpenter
;   518 Gilchrist, Neil, carpenter
519 Grace, William, carpenter
5*22 Gilchrist, George, carriage builder
IiitiiiGoriinson, Leon, laborer
,,  Gibson, Wm. Heslop, engineer
,,   Graham, William, laborer
Intra Gunn, Roderick, fisherman
528 Hughes, Henry Wm., printer
538 Hutchinson, George, B.C. P. guard
539 Harkin, Patrick, gardener
512 Hickey, Robert, logger
513 Hume, John Archibald, carpenter
655 Hamilton. Leander. lumberman
550 Howard, Moso, lumberman
557 Hamilton, Burton, carpenter
502 Harrison, Frederick, builder
505 Hayward, John, niillhand
500 Hlggins, William 11., lumberman
507 Hardy, George, laborer
572 Hoathcoto, George, clerk
573 Harkness, John W., lumberman
570 11 anbury, Herbert, machinist
579 [lanes, Arthur, livery stable
581 Herbert, Henry, clerk
584  Harvey, Charles, baker
591 Ililtz, Philip, laborer
598 Harvey, Hugh, laborer
590 Howe, Charley ()., laborer
597 Howard, William, barber
598 Haw, William, laborer
599 Hamilton, Burton, laborer
002 Hlland," James, millhauii
003 Barker, Albert Edwin, lnillhand
004 Harrington, Edward, laborer
005 Hallos, John, miner
007 Hall, Richard, laborer
010 Beaton, Geo. Nelson, sawyer
011 Hanson, Hiram, logger
013 Hughes, Edward, carpenter
020 llailey, Ernest, laborer
I ntin Harris, David, millman
020 Irwin, Henry, cleric iu holy orders
027  Isles. John 1)., carpenter
o.Mi Jocelyn, William, butcher
(152 Jacob, I'hillipe, expressman
050 Jones. John II., fireman
000 Johnson, Ainel, mariner
001 Johnson, Andrew, laborer
663 Johnstone, James, laborer
005 Jordon. Hugh, merchant
070 Kayo, Frederick, fishmonger
070 Kersting, Heinrich, steamboat man
084 Kennedy, John, engine-driver
085 lvellaway, Henry, millhand
680 Kitson, Charles, plastorer
089 Kenny, Charles, time-keeper
090 Kerr, Samuel A., lumberman
092 Kent, William, gentleman
697 King, James, laborer
098 Kendall, Wm. D., machinist
700 Kertula, John, lumberman
701 Kenny, William, laboreer
702 Kendall, Owen Edward, millwright
700 King, William J., laborer
Intin Karlson, Carl, contractor
714 Lcithbridge, Henry, bricklayer
710 Lancaster, Henry, keeper P. A.
722 Latham, James, gardener
724 Leask, George, engineer
720 Lewis, John, millhand
730 Laberge, Alfred O., millhand
732 Lewis, G. M., hotel keeper
739 Lehonllier, Peter, logger
742 Lane. E. W., millhand
743 Lassonde, Paul II., photographer
744 Lavoie, John B., carpenter
747 Lee. William, mariner
748 Langley, Henry, plasterer
751 Lee, James P., clerk
752 Lusby, Luther B., accountant
753 Little, Erza I!., cook
758 Leraav, Napoleon, carpenter
Intra Loney, John, plasterer
704 Murphy, Arthur, laborer
708 Morrison, Robert, laborer
774 Miilvaney, John, laborer
777 Martin, James, cook
780 Matheson, J, P.. carpenter
793 Milbnrn, William A., carriage maker
795 Mouatt, Henry, millhand
798 Morgan, Samuel, niillhand
799 Morrison, Norman, millhand
801 Mercer, James, laborer
802 Morrison, Robert, lumberman
805 Murray, Martin, R.R. hand
800 Morton, George, laborer
807 Mitchell, Samuel, logger
808 Martin, Adolph. Catholic priest
811 Mallery, Charles, engineer
814 Munro, E. S., teamster
819 Murphy, A. J., teamster
820 Morrison, Alex. J.
821 Mainwaring, Wm., laborer
822 Murchison, James, carpenter
823 Martin, Win. Thos., grocery clerk
825 Maneer, Wesley, carpenter
827 Murray, Martin, laborer
831 Million, Edward, butcher
834 Mabee, Ernest St. Clair, painter
837 MofTatt, James. laborer
838 Manning, R. P., laborer
843 Miller. James, baker
845 Mori'iin, Angus, fisherman
840 Murray, Arthur, laborer
848 Matheson, Alex. M., farmer ��� logger
850 Morrison, Noble, carpenter
800 Montgomery, William, teamster
802 Manson, Robert, plumber
501 Marshall, John C. fisherman
088 Matheson, Kenneth, fisherman
Intin Milton, James li., laborer
,,   Morrison, Norman I).,  stone-cutter
,,   Millie, Robert, laborer
,,   Miller. William, carpenter
,,   Morrison, Angus, logger
873 McDonald, William, farmer
875 McLeod, John, laborer
877 McNeil, Malcolm, farmer
879 McDonald, Alex. R., Il.C.P. guard
878 McRoberts, John, trade instructor
904 McDonald, W, N., logger
905 McPhatten, Archibald, lumberman
900 McMillan, Peter, lumberman
907 MeKenzie, Samuel L., mariner
90S McKinnon, Fred., carpontcr
911 McLean, Allan, B.C.P. guard
910 McRae, Kenneth,  B.C.P.  trade instructor
917 McLean. Isaac, brickniaker
924 MeKenzie, Calvin, spinner
925 McLean, Dan., lumberman
929 McWblrtter, Alfred, millhand
930 McCaffray, Thomas, lumberman
939 McDonald, A. G., carpenter
951 MeKenzie, Laiiclilan, lumberman
959 MoDaniel, William, laborer
900 McLellan, Arthur, contractor
902 Mclllmoyle, Thomas, cook
903 McDougall, .1. II,. ship carpenter
904 McLennan, N. II., miner
905 McSween, Michael, laborer
907 McKay, William, carpenter
971 McErcher, James, laborer
977 McMiirphy, Wm. J., laborer
983 Mclver, James, laborer
992 McLean, David J., laborer
003 McCabo, Peter, laborer
994 McBride, John, teacher
999 MeKenzie, Hector, carpenter
1002 Mcintosh, Alexander, carpenter
1004 McRae, Geo. W., teacher
1005 McMillan. John, millman
1013 McKnight, George, moulder
loir, McNicol, I). Peter, fisherman
1010 McLean, John, carpenter
Intra McLean, David J., express drivor
,,   McDonald, Dan. D., laboror
,,   McAskglll, Allan J., laborer
,.   McDonald, David, tailor
,,   McCrlmmon, Donald L., laboror
1019 Nicholson, Richard Lee, lumberman
1023 North, Samuel, millhand '
1024 Nicholson, John, carpenter
1025 Nankwell, John, painter
1020 Nolan, James B., laborer
1027 Nicholson, Robert, stone-mason
1028 Neelands. William, farmer
1030 Nolan, John, painter
Intin Nelson, Peirry, fisherman
,,   Nicholson, Nell, stonemason
,.   Newton, Adam, laborer
1030 O'Connor, Frank, ship carpenter
1037 Owens, James, mariner
1038 Orford, Peter, carpenter
1039 Owens, Samuel J., clerk
IntraOrphang, Martin, fisherman
lo50 Pearce, Charles, laborer
1064 Preston, James, logger
1007 l'ardell, Fred. II., engineer
107:.' Parker, Ernest A., millhand
1073 Parr, Frank A., millhand
1074 Perry, W. J., watchman
.1077 Paterson, Alexander, factory hand
1078 Phair, Ed., millbaiid
1086 Pei'cival, James, railroad man
1091 Parnell, William, laborer
1002 Pnrcill, William, laborer
1093 Polrlrer, William, logger
1090 Power, Richard, laborer
1103 Patterson, William II., farmer
1104 Parker. William, carpenter
1107 Philpott, Wilfred, laboror
Intra Plester, Henry, laborer
,,   Plester, James, laborer
,.   Patton, Nelson, lineman
1111 Qulnn, Peter, cook
tuard
1114  Reynolds, John, laborer
1119 Roberts, Thomas, li C.l1
1120 Ryan, Patrick, miller
1120 Robinson, Joshua, lumberman
112S Resendes, Albino, cook
1131 Richardson, Charles, laborer
1133 Robinson, George, lumberman
1184 Robertson, William, lumberman
1130 Riddle, Thomas, blacksmith
1137 Rainey, David L., machinist
1143 Russell, Harry, laborer
1140 Reynolds, Hugh, laborer
1148 Riddell, Michael, laborer
1150 Roussell, Edouard, logger
1152 Radloy, James, cook
1155 Ranch, E. IS, lumberman
1159 Roxburgh, Richard W., printer
1103 Ryan, Thomas, mariner
1105 Read, Alexander, farmer
1160 Roulston, George, farmer
1171 Russell, John, fisherman
1173 Robertson, Chas. E., cabinet-maker
Intra Ross, John, millman
,,   Ross, John, clerk
1194 Strickland. Fred. G., millwright
1197 Sinclair, Donald S.
1200 Salter, Richard, painter
1209 Smith, Ward, millhand
1212 Soeley, George, laborer
1213 Sutherland, George, laborer
1214 Smith, Alexander P., farmer
1217 Smith, Roberts., millhand
1219 Saul, Joseph II., fireman
1227 Smith, Ira, carpenter
1228 Scott, Frank, mechanic
122'.) Stevens, John, fisherman
1230 Smith, D. W., teamster
1232 Shiel, James, laborer
1233 Sutherland, Alex., carpenter
1238 Smith, Samuel, laboror
1210 Stirling, Alexander, gentleman
1241 Scbmid, Stephen lly., hotel-keeper
1243 Stout, George, mariner
1214 Smith, George, livery
1245 Simpson, J. II., tallyman
1247 Sheare, George, moulder
1248 Short, P. M., pattern-maker
1249 Smith, Win. IS, salesman
1254 Smith, II. S., carpenter
1255 Stewart, Daniel, laborer
1259 Stewart, Joseph, tinsmith
1200 Smith, Thomas, laborer
1205 Sayer, William, laborer
1209 Smith, D. L., contractor
1274 Sbackleton, Thos. A., miller
1277 Stott, James, yeoman
1278 Smith, Robert, laborer
Intra Smith, George, millwright
,, Shotton, Horatio, plumber
,, Shaw, Fletcher, electrician
,,   Sullivan, Richard, workman
1290 Tidy, Stephen George, carpenter
1301 Taylor, John, painter
1304 Taylor, John, laborer
1306 Travnor, Henry, laborer
1307 Tavlor. Colin, blacksmith
1308 Tille, Thomas, lumber
1309 Thompson, Henry, laborer
1310 Toane, Joseph, teamster
1311 Thompson, Samuel II., laborer
1313 Thompson, Henry Alister.carpenter
1314 Taylor, Burton, shipwright
1315 Taylor, John Robert, carpenter
1316 Taylor, John, clerk
Intra Turcotte, Louis Chas., blacksmith
IntmUrquhart, Malcolm, laborer
,1320 Vermouth, Joseph, fisherman
1328 Vigeant, Danuise, lumberman
1330 Vilandre, Henry, lumber
1339 Wellborne, John, fisherman
1350 Wilson, Charles, farmer
1358 Warren, Frederick, engineer
1359 Welch, James, lumberman
1301  Wonnacott, John, machinist
1301 Walter, William, teamster
1305 Walker, Thomas, saw filer
1307 Walker, Richard, shingle-inaker
1430 Walker, Arthur, carpenter
1309 Wise. llonry John, plasterer
1371 Wyatt, William, carpenter
1377 Wilcox, Harvey, painter
1381 Webb, Newton A., bartender
1383 Woods. Samuel, saloon keeper
1384 Watklns, John, logger
1385 Whvte, John C, merchant
1391 Wynn, Robert, laborer
1392 Windsor, George, IS, clerk In store
1397 Williams, George, laborer
1399 Winters, Francis, railway foreman
1400 Worth, Eli. machinist
1103 Winger, John W., brick-maker
iioi Williams. IS, laborer
Mil  Welch, Geo. Russell, cornice maker
1413 White, .Munro. carpenter
1414 Wallace, George, jr., waiter
iiio Weston, Jerry c, fisherman
1422 Watson, Charles II., musician
1423 Wellon, Charles, mariner
1425 Wheeler, Arthur (>., land surveyor
1420 Walgreen, Pette. fisherman
1427 Wain. Thomas, fisherman
Intra Williams. Geo. II., hotel-keeper
,,   Wilson, Robert, Insurance agent
1434 Youmans, Benjamin, laborer
Intm Yuill, Robert, carpenter
Wm. B. TOWNSEND,
Collector of Voters.
Electoral Division of
Now Westminster City.
NEW WESTMINSTER, B.C.
MANUFACTURERS   OF
Timber,   Lumber,   Shingles,   Lath,   Pickets,  Doors,
Windows,  Frames,  Mouldings,  House Finish,
Mantels,   School     Seats  and  Desks,
Fruit  and  Salmon  Boxes,
Sec,    Sec,    Sec
Importers   of  Plate,   Sheet,   and Fancy Glass
I.iiiiiIm'i'   accurately   Sawn.
and
Orders   Promptly   Filled.      .
The Toronto
Shoe Store.
We have much pleasure in tendering our second holiday
greeting and wishing you all the compliments of the season.
Our stock is large, of the best goods, and prices are all in
favor of the buyer. We believe in keeping the money moving, small profits and qnick returns, and as times are hard and
money scarce, we will help you out by cutting the profit to the
bone. The trade may squeal, as they have, but it is our customers we wish to please, and we are bound to do that with
Good Goods and Low Prices.    Call and see us.
M. W. MINTHORNE.
Importers   of  Hardware,
Paints, Oils and Window
Glass,    Lime,    Cement,
Leather   and   Rubber
Belting,      Crockery,
Lamps and  Glassware,
SEND for PRICES
THE BON ACCORD
Tbe abovo steamer makes regular trips
between Westminster and Langley, taking Parson's Channel and tli us calling
regularly at llenibrougli's brick yard,
Port Kells and all other Intermediate
points. Parties anxious to reach Cloverdale and other points in Surrey, aud who
miss the train, will often  find this boat
convenient.
Leaves Westminster every day at 3 p. m.
except Saturday, when she leaves at
2 p. iu.
Leaves Langley every day at 9 a. in. except Fridays, when  she   leaves at 8
a. m. for Westminster market.
Extra trip on Saturdays, leaving Langley at 5 p. in.
No trips on Sundays.
Furniture : ani : litataliiitj.
E.
F
J.FALES.
L
E
S
IHE LEADING UNDERTAKER !
OPEN   DAY   AH-   NIGHT.
TKI.Kl'lIONU till. Corner of
I'.O. BOX 58. Amies ��
ALEX.McRAE
MERCHANT TAILOR,
ColnmMa Street New Westminster.
THE  OLD RELIABLE HOUSE.
GOO-   STYLE,
GOOD  FIT,
GOOD   WOBK.
GOOD   FABRICS.
The Latest und Choicest Pattornsln Scotch
and English Tweeds, Etc., for fall and winter
wear,
Oct 1'riccs!
---������MUNICIPALITY OF SURREY.
CASH TALKS.
Hop Lee Lin Kee.
LAUNDRY.
7H'i Columbia street.
P. O, Itox S
First-class work in best style.   Washing and
Ironing of all kinds, the most perfect and
cheapest in the city.    Hop Lee Lin Kee does
his business himself, and docs it right.
WHEN YOU AlilO BUYING
Court of Revision.
VTOTIOE is hereby given that the Oourt of
IN Revision of tho Assessment Boll of the
Municipality of Surrey, for the year 1H!M.
will he held in the Town Hall. Surrey Centre,
on Saturday, April 98th, 1.11)4.
A. A. WOHMOND,
Clerk Municipal Oounoll.
COOKING, *       Q
S HEATING o     !>
<jAND T   |
k PARLOUR \
2 ���CALL  AT���
M SHIRLEY i>
& HOY'S, 2
I   Dupont Block, Columbia St..
j>      Estray Horses.
' 'O i'n Vint iniii   i lu>   nfamlano     if   tiio
WE SELL FOR CASH ONLY.
Strayed into  the premises   if  the un-
derslgned In the   month of   December
last, one stay gelding and one bay mare.
' The owner is hereby required to call and
' prove   property, pay  expenses and tako
1 the animals away.
W. ,1. ROBINSON,
Cloverdale, Surrey.
Cloverdale, March 6, 1804.
T_A._3_L._U
Showing the Dates and Places of Courts
of Assize. Nisi Pruls, and Oyer and
Terminer, and General Gaol Delivery
for tho year 1804.
SI'RING ASSIZES.
' Nanaimo Tuesday 1st May.
New Westminster   "     8th May.
Vancouver Tuesday 15th May.
Clinton Monday -8th May.
, Victoria Tuesday 39th May.
Kamloops Monday 4th  .lime.
Vernon Monday 11th June.
���Donald Friday 15th June.
���Nelson Tuesday 10th June.
���Special Assize.
I NEW WESTMIN'STKr    BH1TIRH   COLUMBIA,   MAY. 5,    1894.
DICTIONARY MAKING.
THE THUGS OF INDIA.
THE  PRIMARY   OBJECT   OF   A   LEXICOGRAPHER   IN   HIS   WORK.
The Estoein In Which Ureal Literary
Men Hold a iioixl Dictionary���Something About the Method! tn Vogne
While the Making Proceeds.
Dr. Holmes is reported to have said
that if he could only have three books
he would choose the Bible. Shakespeare
and the Dictionary. He added that lew
people fully appreciated tlie interest as
well as usefulness of a dictionary.
Theophile tiaulier said: "Do you read
the dictionary? It is the most fruitful
and interesting of books. Words bave
an individual and a relative value' They
should be chosen before they are placed
in position. This word is a mere pebble ; that a fine pearl er an amethyst."
The primary object of a lexicographer
is not so much to establish new rules or
new standards of authority as to ascertain whut the world, through its greatest specialist, has agreed to accept as on
the whole tho best derivation or the
best form of pronouncing, spelling or
deiinintr a word. Webster and Worcester both erred in this regard, perhaps
because ill their time it was mure difficult to obtain a consensus of opinion,
and perhaps, also, because there was
too much of "a one man power" in control of their dictionaries. The differ-
euoe between lexicographers is not unlike the difference between statesmen.
One watches the trend of popular
opinion and lends by going with it.
Another regards more what ho wishes
to be than what can be at the lime, and
waits for the people to catch up with
him. Perhaps tbey decline to follow,
ami he is then considered a doctrinaire
���a dreamer. The practical lexicographer belongs to the former class.
If, iu time, the existing standards
change, then it is for his successors to
record such changes.
For example, take the word aluminium or aluminum. It is a recent scientific term. The spelling has varied, some preferring the
first form, others the second. In such a
case, in favor of which shall the lexicographer decide? If he gives both as
equally authoritative, nothing is settled.
if he decides in favor of one, from his
own standpoint, the public may ultimately decide on the other. What he
properly does, therefore, is to write to
several hundred scientific specialists,
asking them to state their preference.
Tlie one which receives a sufficient majority to indicate decidedly how opinion
is verging, is either given the preference or is stated as the authoritative form. This is the true principle to
follow in dictionary making, with only
rare exceptions.
Besides gathering information regarding words directly from many individuals, the work of all reputable authors
must be searched in order to learn the
various meanings in common usage.
With the growing demands of civilization, the coinage of new words does not
keep up with the demand, and hence
there is a constant tendency to make
new applications of old words, often
metaphorically. A sailor, a poet, an
artist or a lawyer may all use the same
word, but each with a meaning adapted
to his own special calling. All these
words and meanings must be searched
out hy the lexicographer, and must all
be entered alphabetically into handy
reference books with the utmost accuracy.
This enormous vocabulary having
been finished, each word is copied on
separate numbered blank cards, which
are bunched in groups of twenty-five.
Four of these packages aro given to a
definer. Here begins the really original
work of the new dictionary. The definition is the basis of such a work; it is the
frame to wliich all the other parts of it
are subsidiary. The work of the definer
is of great difficulty. Not only must he
give a clear and concise statement of
the meaning of a word, gathering a correct sense of that meaning from the row
of dictionaries before him, but he must
be extremely careful that his definition
docs not infringe on the definitions of
other dictionaries. When a definition
has already been given of a word which
is complete, one can perceive that it is
not easy to frame another equally satisfactory definition. Nor is il easy to define some simple words except by terms
so much more difficult as to make the
definition more obtruse than the word
defined. It ha ��� been the usage of lexicographers to define some words by merely
giving their synonyms. But that system is abandoned in our latest dictionaries. From thirty-five to forty defiuers
are employed ou a modern dictionary,
many of them specialists on various
classes of words, such as scientific
terms. Compound words are in charge
of a scholar who has made a study of
the subject. There must also be specialists lor cross-reterences.
When the "deliner's" work is done,
then the definitions go up to the "reviewer" oraub-odilor, who adds to them
ns occasion may require, but moro often
finds it necessary to draw his pen ruthlessly across word after word, diffuse-
ness in definition being one of the greatest difficulties to overcome. Then follow tho quotations, gathered from the
whole ramie of literature nnd science,
giving the authorities for the variants
ill the meanings of a word. This is a
most perplexing task; for thi-editor of
tins department not only has to Belect
from many score of quotations offered
liim, but be must have so wide and
I borough a literary knowledge an ;���> be
'till? to make tic weightiest selections,
l'ho package >>f definitions nnd quotations are then Beul to thu pastor's room,
where the selected quotations are attached lo the respective words. And
now we come to the type writer's room.
What trouble and cost might havo boen
saved to ihe lexicographers of old if but
the type-writei' hud been known to
them I The amount of work involved
simply iu this copying process before a
single page bis bi '-:i "set up," i indicated by tbe fm t that oiglile, u copyists
were engaged for three yeurH in typewriting half of one of the new diction
aricii. Tlie type written copy must
then go through the bands of several
editors for final revision.
WOMEN RIDE ASTRIDE.
A Terrible System  Itroken Up After Gen.
turlcK ol' Horrors.
Thuggee and Thugs, what do they
mean'; The names are well understood
by persons connected witb India. To
some, though, they may convey only the
idea of ordinary criminals who used
strangling as a method of murder, and
it is 1ml a f< w who are conversant with
the details of the criminal system which,
by combining religious superstition
with desir lor plunder, existed for ages,
and till within the last sixty years disfigured the progress of civilization in India, making life and property alike in-
���secure throughout the continent.
The Thugs' could claim ancient descent, and are said to have been with the
army of Xerxes. It is generally believed
their descendants accompanied the
Mohammedan invasions into India, and
settled in the neighborhood of Delhi.
History assorts that in the time of
the Emperor Firoz Shah, about 1290,
A. D. numerous strangle��� were
on account of their ill repute, deported
towards Oude. Later on mention is
made of robbers infesting the roads between Delhi and Agra, "who cast a rope
with a running noose so skillfully round
a man's neck that they never failed to
strangle him in a trice." During the
reign of the great Akhbar, it is also recorded, Thugs were at different times
seized and put to death.
From such records it may bo assumed
that the Mohammedans originated tho
motbod, and on their arrival in India
Initiated the Hindoos into their system
of crime,Jwlio in their turn inoculated
their teachers with their own superstition, and so converted the system into a
divine inilitution, ordained by the Goddess Kalee, also called Bhowani and
Dovi.
How the Thugs Worked.
To convey some idea of tbe way in
which a gang of Thugs worked, an extract from "The Confessions of a Thug"
will be of interest. It is the account of
the first undertaking of Amir Ali, afterwards a most notorious loader, wherein
a native banker, with a valuable collection of Benares cloths laden on bullocks,
was mado away with. "The whole
scene is now before me. The bullocks
and their drivers, with the Thugs, were
all in a confused group in the bed of the
little stream, the men shouting and urging on their beasts; but it was easy to
see that every man had a Thug close to
him awaiting the signal. I tightly
grasped the fatal handkerchief, and my
first victim was within a foot of me. I
went behind him as being preferable to
one side, and observed one of the others
do the same to a servant. The banker
moved a step or two forward. I instinctively followed him; I scarcely
felt that I stirred, so intently was I
observing him. '.ley fKaleel' shouted
my father (the leader)-, it was the
signal, and I obeyed it. As quick as
thought the cloth was round his neck.
I seemed endowed with superhuman
strength; I wrenched his neck round, he
struggled convulsively for an instant
and fell. I did not quit my hold. I
knelt down ou him, and strained tho
cloth till my hand ached, but he moved
not; he wus dead. I quitted my hold
and started to my feet. I was mad with
excitement. My blood boiled, aud I felt
as though I could have strangled a hundred others, so easy, so simple had the
reality been. One turn of my wrists
had placed me on au equality with those
who had followed the profession for
years. We then passed up the bed of
the stream, and near the month of a
small tributary, the bed of which was
dry, were shown the grave. ��� The corpses
were dragged to the brink and thrown
in. Incisions were then made in the abdomens, and sharpened sticks driven
through them. When all was finished,
quantities of stones, wliich had been
collected, were thrown upon the bodies,
afterwards thorns, and the whole was
covered up with sand, which was carefully smoothed."
lt may seem incredible, but yet it is a
fact that this terrible system of Thuggee nourished almost unheeded for centuries, and it is stated that the (Jovern-
ment of the old Fast Indian Con.,.any
did not realize its existence till about
1810-12, Several notorious Thug leaders were seized, who, when tbey found
that their only chance of life lay in fully
disclosing their criminal careers, mercilessly denounced their former associates, and generally continued their
statements by pointing out exactly
where their victims had been buried.
With such energy did the special department work that within six years
the system was virtually broken up,
upwards of 3,000 notorious Thugs were
accounted for, and the names of those
Btio at large wero to a great extent
known.���From Ll.-Co). NewiU's book.
SOME COUNTRIES WHERE THIS FASHION IS THE COMMON CUSTOM-
Speeches and Investments.
"So," said the old gentleman, "you
think of becoming a politician'.'"
"Yes. father; 1 have ambit ions ill that
direction."
"Well, you will of course be moro or
less of an orator, and 1 want to impress
ou your mind one admonition. Be brief.
Kciueiubur that a speech is not likes an
investment. You cannot increase the
interest by waiting."
Largest l.rlllgO in the World.
The  Southern Pacific railroad company's bridge to be built over the Miss-
| issippi River at New Orleans, La., will,
it is belived, be the largos   i-teol railroad
bridge in the   world,   considering the
quantity of metal used in  its   construction and its length.    It will bo a double-
track  bridge,   about   10,500  feet long.
The  approach   spans   will   vary   from
twenty-live to 15(1 feet in length, accord-
j ing to the   height  of the towers.    The
I main river bridge will   bo built on the
i cantilever principle nnd  will   bo  1,070
j fei t in length, with spans of 008 feet ou
J either side.    The pier foundations  will
extend from a  point eighty feet below
I the bottom of the river, and will be sunk
by open dredging. The estimated weight
of nietiil required is 26,000 tons, or ">(>,-
. 0OO.0OJ pound?,    The cost will he about
$5,000,000.
The bridge will givo the Southern
Pacific s'..'11'iii an all-rail entrance into
New Orleans, and form a most iinpor-
! taut link in railroad communication
between Texas and the Southwest and
tli������ i lull States east of tho Mississippi
; River.
The largest railroad bridgo completed
is over the Firth of Forth lu  Scotland.
Tlie main structure is   5,880   feel, long,
but the approaches are said to be shorter
than  tho Now Orleans bridge.
A  Comic   Interlude.
A healthy Indian is a well red man.
It is better to take a reef in the sails
than for a shipto sail on a reef.
Many a man who would like to reform
the wo.-ld has a front gate that won't
' stay shut.
About the first thing a wild young
lawyer proceeds to do is to dissolve tho
, injunctions of his father.
"Now, Ton.," said Aunt Sarah, "re-
| member't when ye git on the witness-
stand tney'11 atlact yer character fer voracity."
"Idleness covers a man with nakedness," wAa the profound observation of
a gentleman in the Crown Lands Department, noted for his flowery eloquence.
The Recent Failure to Make It in Vogue
In New York���No Especial Reason for It
as tho Side Snddle Makes as Strong a
Seat as a Man's,
The recent attempt in New York by a '���
few pretty horse-breakers to introduce
the habit of riding man-fashion was as
dismal a failure as the attempt to intro- i
duce reform dress in the streets of Bos- !
ton. says Col. Theodore A. Dodge in the
Buffalo  Express.    It   seemed   to   most
people that for a woman to bestride a j
horse was not only an immodest but a
socially dangerous innovation.  We can- i
not easily  cut loose from the con ven
tionalism of our civilization.    But the [
fact is that women  have always ridden ,
astride in some countries, and still  do j
so today.    It lias of  course, been com- j
mon everywhere for girls up to 10 or 12 I
to learn to ride just like their brothers, j
Yon see them in the country near all j
onr largo Eastern cities; and one young I
lady 1 used almost daily to meet out on !
horseback with   her father rode on a
man's saddle up to 10 or 17 years of age.  ]
At a ranch that I wot of out West, the |
daughters of the superintendent ride in j
true cowboy style, and break their own
ponies.    And yet most of us have never
seen a lady astraddle.
Thore  is  no  special   gain in such a
sent.    If tlie side-saddle is firmly girthed in place, a woman's seat in as strong
as a man'-.    No doubt it is a one-sided,
crooked Beat; no doubt excessive riding
might injure the development of a.voung
girl; no doubt it is not  the natural way
to sit a horse; and few women are erect
and even at all gaits.    Especially on a j
trot is a woman apt to be awkward, un- I
less she is an expert and has an '-.{.ay i
horse.    But after all said, tho old sent
is better for her, and she may avoid its
evils if she will occasionally vary from
left hand to right-hand saddle.
The Hawaiian woman ia not tho
only one who rides astride. The Egyptian dues the same, but with stirrups so
short that her heels are up close under
her thighs. The Syrian woman rides
astride with her legs hanging down at
full length. In South America many
ladies use a man's saddle. The women
of all uncivilized races���our Indian
squaws, as an instance���if they ride at
all, bestride a horse just as men do.
But the Hawaiians are the (shall we say
civilized?) people nearest our own shores
among whom the women habitually
ride precisely as their fathers and
brothers do.
What the native Hawaiian country
maidou of the inland may do has little
concorn for us. But in Honolulu there
are many natives who are quite as civilized as tho foreigners; and thero the
ladies of all nationalities ride astraddle.
The common riding dress of the country
is attrocions. The everyday upper garments are worn, but a sort of overalls,
of glaring, figured prints, twice as long
as the riders legs, and of enormous
width, are pulled on over the ocuei garments, and when in the saddle, hang
down to the ground, or on a small horse
even drag. An Amazon thus arrayed is
far from an entrancing object; but when j
you find an Hawaiian ludv. with a snug ;
Habit and well cut divided skirt of ;
cloth, sitting at ease ou a good looking
horse, you have the other side of the |
picture.
The Sandwich Islands are not attrac-
tive as a whole.   There are many pretty j
spots, but there is a vast deal  more of I
bare,   barren,   desolate-looking stretch,
which reveals too strongly their volcanic
origin to be agreeable to the eyo or the
sense of beauty.     It is usually called a j
tropical climate.; semi tropical would be
better.    There is, however, a delightful
setting for the, equestrienne,   and all
women   who can afford to ride do so. !
Honolulu   has  some  pretty drives and
rides.   Tho town itself is embowered in
trees, though the suburbs, so to speak,
yet wear the new cast which one BJOs in i
towns   whose   growth is still new and
rapid, and the trees there ar.t but small.
Lyitlg on the sea, there is good air at all
times, and people can ride throughout
the year.    Vou seo whole families in ihe
saddle; father and  inolh'T on   sturdy,
steady going cobs, and ihe uliildretl on I
mounts perhaps more lively���i.ii simply
astraddle.    As a rule a lady has uo need
of nn escort; a man is a mere convenient
vehicle for company, fun or tlinatiuti;
the ladies go bantering about anywhere
and at all hours, by themselves.
I saw some very trim   riding suits in i
Honolulu.    Cut substantially 11y;e ihose
of the illustration, tlie skirt was so much !
shorter as to bo merely  a pair of extra- i
wido riding  trousers.    Tho toes  were j
freely thrust into the stirrup, instead of
being hampered by the voluminous folds j
of the skirt; tile foot showed and  yet it ]
was decently draped, and tbe   skirt   lay
well back and, as the horse cantered ou,
flowed gracefully to the rear.    Many of |
theso Amazons showed that our coin mi- !
tionalities might  bo cast to the winds j
and that our own women might appropriately and acceptably ride en cavalier '
���if they wero really ambitious to do so. |
No such lesson can, however, be learn- '
ed from the Egyptian  woman or from
i her Syrian cousin, who aro tho alpha
i and    omega  of   female   horsemanship.
; One (fan, of course, not expect to apply
the habits of Mohammedan women to
onr more fortunate ones; there is a r.u'.i- ,
cal  difference,   The   Oriental  woman
rides merely  us a convenient means of
transportation,   our   women   ride   for
pleasure     When   tho   woman    of   the
harem goes out. of doors, she bbveilsand
becloaks herself so as to bo as unrucug
nizable as   possible; while our women
ride, not only for the pleasure of riding,
but for tiie pleasure of being seen.   Tim
ono has no temptation whatever���or at
leasl she may not indulge it���to make
herself look well; the other has  every
reason for so doing.
This matter of Oriental women veiling
Is generally misunderstood. There is
no Bp'i ciln: command in Ilie Koran as to
Women covering their faces. In some
Mohammedan countries most of thom
do veil -as in Egypt; in others again
they do not, generally do so -isin Syria;
ill Turkey they wear so very thin a stuff
that the face is merely coquettishly
tricked out. as with one of our own
veils, and you can see every feature soft
ened down by the  clear  while gauze,
III all Mo'in edan land.-, .tu,'  \,-,, ..-u
oi ihe ricu and the powerful veil; hat in
ninny only half of the Women of the
people lire veiled. Even where veiling
is considered proper it is not obligatory.
Tin- Hawaiian woman is u good rider
ami quite at homo in the saddle; the
Oriental woman is no rider at all, ami
rarely bestrides anything but an ass.
She can sit in tht ��_ldlo all <Uy, II need
bo, but she makes no pretense to do
more than that; she rlopsnot even guide
her horse; but leaves that to ner attendant. An Indian squaw, on the other
hand, is p.pl to be as good a rider as her
buck, and quite as c.ip.ihle oi i ing the
worst pony in the tribe. P.-iMaps our
own women in the South ride more than
others; cert liuly ;���. much a- thev do in
England; and thn Sonthorn gaits are
better suited lo pro,luce an erect and
elegant carriage in tho saddle than an
English trot.
EARTH'S  LYRIC.
S   OF
NICE   FOOT-WEA!
April.    You hearken, my fellow,
Old slnmberer down in my heart?
There's a whooping of ice in the rivers;
The sap feels a btart;
The snow-melted torrents are brawling;
The hills, orange-misted and blue,
Are touched with tlie voice of the rain-bjjd,
Unsullied and new.
The houses of frost are deRerted,
Their slumber is broken and done,
And empty and pale are the portals
Expecting the sun.
The bunds of Areturus lire slackened:
Orion goes forth from hia placo
On the siopes of the nigbt,  lending homeward
His hound from tho chase.
The Pleiades wenry and follow
The dance of the ghostly dawn;
The ravel of silence is over;
Earth's lyric comes on.
A golden (lute in the cedars,
A silver pipe in tlie swales
And Ihe hIow large life of the forest
Wells back and prevails.
A breath of the woodland spirit
lias blown out the bubble of spring
To tliis tenuous hyaline glory
One touch sets awing.
���BUSS C'aioun, in Harper's Bazar.
Health Alphabet.
The Ladies' Sanitary Association, of
London, give following simple rules for
keeping health, which wo find copied in
the Sanitarian:
A���s soon ns you are up shake blanket
and sheet.
B���etter be without shoes than sit with
wet feet;
C���hildren, if healthy, are active, not
still;
D���amp beds and'damp clothes will both
make you ill;
E���at slowly and always chew your food
well;
F���reshen the air in the house where
you dwell;
G���armentfl must never be  made too
tight;
H���onies should be healthy,  airy and
light. .   t
I���f you wish to be well, as you do I've
no doubt;
J���ust raiso up the windows before you
go out;
K���eep the   rooms   always  tidy   and
clean;
L���et dust on the furniture never be
seen;
M���uch illness is caused by the want of
pure air;
N���ow to open our window be ever your
care;
O���Id rags and old rubbish should never
be kept:
P���eople should see that the floors aro
all swept;
Q���uick  movements  in   children    are
healthy and right;
B���emember the young cannot thrive
without light;
S���eo that the cistern is clean to the
brim;
T���ake cure that your dress is all tidy
and trim;
U���se your nose to find if there be a bad
drain;
V���ery sad are the fevers that come in
its train;
W���alk as'much as you can without
feeling fatigue;
X���erxes   could   walk   full    many   a
league;
Y���our health is your wealth, which your
wisdom must keep;
Z���eal will help a good cause and the
good you will reap.
Some Canadian <;elebrites.
Albaiii. the famous singer, is a native
of Montreal.
Grant Allen, who resides in England,
was born at Kingston, Out.
Miss Madge Robertson, of Harper's
Weekly, is a Colllngwood girl.
Miss Sara Jeanette Duncan, author of
"An American Girl in London," was
born and raised at Brantford.
Readers well acquainted with the
nom de plume. "Sam Slick." are not all
aware ih.it it is tin! pseudonym of Judge
Haliburtb'i of Nova Scotia.
Miss Eihelwyn Wetherak}, formerly
' the editress of Wives and Daughters,
: now of the Ladies' Journal, has some
1 fame iih an author as well.
Palmer Cox, who makes $10,000 a year
by his clever brownies, is   a   Canadian
and has just honored his native laud by
sending the elfish little folk through the
I Northern Dominion,
Miss Emily Pauline Johnston, whose
| father was a Mohawk chief, is a Canadian poetess of note. Her "As Redmon
Die" and 'The cry of an Indian Wife'
are types of a new element in the poetry
of tins continent.
A long list might be given of Canadians
. who are supposed to be natives of England or tin- United Slates because of the
Cosmopolitan   character   of their writ-
, ings, but a few names may suffice to
show that we have outgrown the narrowness of youth.
J. Macdonald Oxloi who has been
predicted by English critics to take the
place of King ton ami Henry as a writer
lor boys, is au Ottawa man. Mr. Oxley
used to be in the Marine Department of
i the civil service, nut gavo up his post-
, lion to devote himself entirely to literature.
Miss Nora Clench, who has become
famous an a violinist, was educated at
Hollnitith College and completed hor
musical studies ut Lelpsic. in her recent cower; tour iu Europe, shi com
pic, ���!;>��� conquered her audi mces, and
thu iispassiouato English and continental prees wore loud in their praises of
ber. She played before the Cjneeii at
Osborne, and Her Majesty presented her
with a handsome diamond aud ruby
brooch.
Sins of the Fathers,
Fair Girl���I am sine papa would not
object to you, but I am afraid mamma
; will.    Sbo  suys your family havo depraved tastes."
Rich Grocer's Son���Good gracious!
j Whir ��� did she get that idea?
Fair Girl���I think sho judges by the
buttui thut your father used to recommend us good.
Go to SINCLAIR i GO'S,
who  are  giving  special  bargains, so  that every person may
have a new pair of shoes for May-day.
SINCLAIR &CO.,
Opposite Tramway Office,   603 Columbia Street.
MEDICAL HALL
One of the Best and Largest Stocks of
IN
BRITISH COLUMBIA.
D. S. CURTIS & Co.,     -      Druggists.
New   Westminster.
WIE ___��3-__ID
-AT THE-
PARNELL ^ GUNN, Prop's.
20 lbs. Granulated   Sugar $1.00.
21 lbs. Yellow Sugar $1.00.
15 lbs. Raisins $1.00.
15 lbs. Currants 81.00.     ,
"1 lb. lioxes Uncolored Japan Tea $1.00.
5 lb. lioxes Extra Choice Black Tea:SI.50.
Shorts (Oregon) 81.15 per Sack.
Bran (Oregon) IK) cents per Sack.
100 lb Sacks Wheat (No. 1)81.50 per sack.
100 lb. SacksGran'l. Sugar 84.1(0 per sack.
11 Tins Green Peas $1.00.
11 Tins Corn $1.00.
10 Tins Tomatoes $1.00.
1 lb. Tin No. 1 Baking Powdor 25 cents.
90 lb. Sacks Rolled Oats 83.40 per sack.
45 lb. Sacks Rolled Oats $1.85 per sack.
SDK 'b. Sacks Boiled Oats $1.00 per sack.
7 lb. Sacksjlolled Oats 35 cts. per sack.
Remember the Address;
DEPOT HOTEL BLOCK,
Opposite C. P: R. Station, Columbia St.,
A. GODFREY,
SUCCESSOR TO THOS. DUNN & CO.
-WHOLESALE & RETAIL DEALER IN	
SHELF & HEAVY HARDWARE,
PAINTS, OILS, GLASS, ETC.
PRICES THE LOWEST.
Orders   by   Mail   Receive
Prompt Attention.
ODDFELLOWS BUILDING,
��� MM
NEW WESTMINSTER.

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