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The Pacific Canadian Feb 9, 1917

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Array Provincial Library, Victoria, Be(
Weekly News Digest and Journal of  Observation and Comment.
Vol. I.
Number 49
So far as human foresight can judge, the colossal
tragedy that has held the world stage for over two
years and a half now has entered upon the last act.
With varying fortunes the tremendous action has progressed, through the hard testing time, the strenuous
period of preparation, of holding fast against enormous
odds, until, with the definite mastery and initiative
passing, as demonstrated especially in the first phase
of the battle of the Somme, last summer and autumn,
from the German aggressor to the acceptors on behalf
of humanity of his ruthless challenge, the climax of
the great struggle is now in sight, each new development hastening with irresistible movement as by the
remorseless march of fate the inevitable denouement.
The realization that the die has been cast, that the
day of fate is near and cannot much longer be deferred, evidently dawned with full force, some weeks ago,
upon Germany, as her almost frantic efforts to forestall that fate by filching a fraudulent peace from her
foes through the intervention of neutrals has strikingly shown. Balked by the vigilance and steadfastness of the Allies to their high purpose of achieving,
through complete victory, not only a lasting peace, hut
justice and security to the world, from this terrible
war of Germany's willing, the next step by this desperate criminal of the nations, now consciously in the
toils woven by her own misdeeds���a step conceived in
the dark counsels of malignity and despair-was to
withdraw the grudging and oft violated promise
wrenched from her, last spring, by President Wilson,
to mitigate in some degree the inhumanity of her submarine outrages, and proclaim defiantly to the world,
through the President of the United States, the determination henceforth, beginning with the first of the
present month, to conduct a perfectly unrestricted,
"sink on sight," submarine campaign against the shipping of belligerents and neutrals alike, on the plea of
military necessity to starve Great Britain !
It does not seem necessary to presuppose any great
diplomatic subtility behind this devilish declaration.
It was the logical, almost obvious, and consistent, and
it might be added, expected, thing in the circumstances for Germany to say and do. - Tt ia true there
might have been in the downright and psychologically
speaking marvellously dense German mind the lurking
expectation that the announcement might work upon
President Wilson, the American people, and the other
neutrals as a trump card in the great peace bluff. As
if Germany should say : "Get us peace, if you arid
your women and children don't want to be murdered
at sea, or dragged into the war-and get it quick."
In the event that the announcement did not work as a
bluff in that way, it might possibly scare some neutral
shipping from the seas, and the wholesale submarine
murder policy was a solid German asset to be carried
out in the final event, on the same lines as the Lusitania outrage that inaugurated it.
The Kaiser and his councillors reckoned without
their host, at any rate, if they counted on President
Wilson and the American nation, with all their long-
suffering forbearance, swallowing this last capital insult and outrage of the withdrawal of even such a poor
thing as a German half-promise to partially behave
and flaunting in its stead a defiant declaration of unrestricted and indiscriminate submarine murder at
sea. To the honor of the President and the great nation for whom he speaks, he recognized that the time
had come when patience had ceased to be a virtue and
a further argumentative exchange was worse than futile, and lost no unnecessary time in redeeming the
promise and the warning which he gave in the Sussex
correspondence, last spring���by severing diplomatic
relations with the German Empire altogether.
While this action of the United States is diplomati-
, cally described as an "act shortof war." it has usually
been the sure precursor of war, and could only fail to
be on this occasion on the very unlikely supposition
that Germany has been simply and solely bluffing and
should exercise scrupulous care in future not to do the
very things she has declared her deliberate intention
of doing. The moral effect, however, of the President's action���which is the chief thing, as it would
take some time for the United States to get effectively
into the war- will be very great, and must have a
powerful influence on the few remaining neutrals,
whom, in fact, President Wilson has asked to follow
his lead.
It looks as if the league of the nations to enforce
and secure peace was going to materialize hefore the
end of the war.. Germany has made this such a war
that there can, in the strict sense of the term, be no
neutrals. In some respects, that must make for increased horrors and hardships, especially to prisoners
of war, the civilian population in enemy occupied territories, and non-combatants generally, for the remainder of the war.   It behooves, not only the Allies,
The Post Office Department at Ottawa announces
through the press that it is in receipt of a cablegram
from the British authorities stating that no parcels
containing foodstuffs or articles of clothing should be
forwarded in future from Canada for prisoners of war
in Germany.
The British authorities represent that it is absolutely necessary that the above regulation should be complied with. Therefore, on and from the 1st February,
1917, the Post Office Department will refuse to accept
any such parcels for prisoners of war in Germany.
The Department is advised by the English authorities
that such parcels cannot be accepted for transmission
to the prisoners, and could not get through.
The Canadian Red Cross Society, through its London office, undertakes that every Canadian prisoner
shall receiye adequate relief in food and clothing,
sending one parcel every week to each prisoner. There
fore, existing organizations should continue their work
of collecting funds to be sent to the Canadian Red
Cross Society; and it is most desirable that they should
not relax their efforts in this respect.
Persons desiring to have additional food or supplies
sent to a Canadian prisoner should send money for
that purpose to the Prisoners of War Department,
Canadian Red Cross Society.
A letter containing a remittance and asking the
Prisoners of War Department, Canadian Red Cross Society, to send food or other articles to a prisoner of
war should be addressed to the Prisoners of War Department, Canadian Red Cross Society, and should
contain information in the following form :���
No. 12345, Private A. G. Robinson,  58th Highlanders,
Canadian Contingent, B. E. F..
Canadian Prisoner of War, Gottingen. Germany,
care Prisoners of War Department,
Canadian Red Cross Society.
The remittance should be in the form of a post
office money order drawn in favor of the Prisoners of
War Department, Canadian Red Cross Society, for the
prisoner of war in question.
Any person wishing to send a remittance direct to
a prisoner of war may do so by mea*ns of a post office
money order, which is issued free of commission. Instructions as to how to proceed can be obtained from
postmasters of accounting post offices.
Parcels for prisoners of war, containing articles
which are not prohibited, may be sent fully addressed
to the place of destination in the form above, care of
Prisoners of War Department, Canadian Red Cross
Society, London. England, to be forwarded after they
have been censored.
Detailed regulations respecting communication with
prisoners of war are being issued by the postal service
generally, and full information may be obtained by
making application to any postmaster.
In the debate on the address in reply, at Ottawa,
last week, Mr. J. G. Turriff, of Assiniboia, Liberal,
gave two verv good reasons, in addition to many others
which exist, for being opposed to a further extension
of the Parliamentary term : "Because there were
nineteen vacancies in the House due to death and resignations. In addition, it was unfair to the whole
western country, which was entitled to 22 more seats,
not to have an election. In his opinion, an extension
of Parliament should come from the people and not be
voted by themselves. However, he was prepared to
wait until the resolution was introduced in the House
before giving his final judgment. If there were elections, and the soldiers' vote was properly taken, it
would be strongly against the Government.
When the Royal Flying Corps was organized in
1912, it was estimated that in case of, war the entire
personnel would have to be renewed every six months
���that that period would represent the average life of
an airman in active service. In the first five months
of the present war, however, during which the corps
was almost continuously engaged in scouting and raiding expeditions, the total loss was six airmen killed by
the enemy, five killed accidentally, five wounded, and
five missing or prisoners, a total disablement of less
than three per cent, of the airmen on active service.
While no exact figures, either of losses or of the number of troops engaged in the field, have been made
public by any of the powers engaged in the war, it is
certain that the percentage of losses in land fighting,
both of officers and man, has been very much larger
than this in each of the armies. -Exchange.
therefore, but the league of the nations as a whole, to
do everything possible to cut short the horrors which
German frightfulness, in its death throes, will endeavor to inflict upon the world, hy hastening the inevitable end, which was plainly in sight even before the
significant developments of the last few weeks.
A writer in the Victoria Week of a late date says
that produce market prices in the three markets nearest Victoria���Vancouver, New Westminster, and Seattle���are on the average from 15 to 25 per cent, lower
than at Victoria, and quotes the following interesting
comparative figures from market prices the same week
at Victoria and this city : Victoria, fowl, per lb., 27c;
New Westminster, 22c. Victoria, chickens, 30c; New
Westminster, 25c. Victoria, beef, lie to 22c; New
Westminster, beef, wholesale, 7c to 9c. Victoria,
pork, 18c to 25c; New Westminster, wholesale, 12c to
16c. Victoria, veal, 18c to 25c; New Westminster,
veal, wholesale, 12c to 17c. Victoria, butter, 55c; New
Westminster, 50c. Allowing for the difference between wholesale and retail prices, ' 'the margin in the
case of meat," comments the Week, "isenormous, and
can only be explained on the ground of combination."
The Hon. Dr. MacLean, Minister of Education, in
co-operation with the Hon. John Oliver, Minister of
Agriculture, has made arrangements authorizing the
establishment of fruit-packing schools in certain of the
fruit-growing sections among the senior classes in the
public and High Schools. These will be conducted
along the lines at present in vogue with educational
classes. The formation of these classes is in the way
of an experiment, and, if found beneficial and popular,
will in future be extended to other districts as the
available funds will permit. The schools will during
the year 1917 be held at the following centres: Duncan, Haney, Grand Forks, Creston, Penticton, Sum-
merland, Kelowna, Vernon, Nakusp and Salmon Arm.
The classes will be held during the school hours and
the course will extend over six days. Full information
with details of formation and organization of such
classes will be issued shortly.
The following is from the Victoria Week (Conservative): "The British Foreign Office states that the
nickel cargo of the Deutschland was Canadian nickel
and that it got into German hands through a breach of
faith on the part of an American firm. The Foreign
Office finally accepted ip its entirety the accuracy of
the report published by the Providence Journal, and
we now know that the International Nickel Co. flim-
flammed the Canadian Government. Many people
knew it all along and were unable to understand why
the Hon. Frank Cochrane was so positive in his denial.
Evidently he too was flim-flammed. He has probably
been instructed to say that the cargo of nickel now
awaiting shipment at a United States port on the next
merchant submarine which arrives from Germany is
not Canadian nickel. If he accepts this statement, he
will again prove that he is an easy mark, for there is
no nickel in the United States available for shipment
which did not originate in Canada."
A recent Victoria despatch is responsible for the
alleged rumor that Sir Richard McBride had either
been offered a London constituency by one of the British parties, or he is after one, being ambitious to enter
the arena of Imperial politics. This rumor is capped
by another, originating in the Provincial capital, tpthe
effect that efforts are being made to get Sir Richard to
return to British Columbia to again lead the Conservative party. , It would be a sporty thing for Sir Richard
to do, if he is getting tired of retirement, and can
patch up his quarrel with Bowser, as his first lieutenant again, but this time in Opposition, which neither
of them would fancy. And there are more picturesque
possibilities in the Imperial Parliament, especially now
that Joe Martin has decided to hang up his hat there
permanently. With Dick and Joe on the opposite sides
of the House, where they were wont to be, or struggling during prayers for the seat of the "leader of the
Opposition," as they did on an historic and history-
making occasion at Victoria, there would be something
doing���for the Sergeant-at-Arms.
Great Britain is not only determined to win the
war, but to devise measures in advance, in co-operation with the Oven ms Dominions, to consolidate and
develop the Empire after the war. This is evidenced
in a most striking way by the stupendous proposition
put forward, last week, in London, by the newly-
formed Empire Resources Committee, of which such
men as Earl Grey, Lord Desborough, Lord Plymouth,
Lord Selborne, Rudyard Kipling, Rt. Hon. Horace
Plunkett, Rt. Hon. Sir Starr Jamieson, Colonel Grant
Morden, and Moreton Frewen, M. P., are members,
and backed by the public endorsation of Lord Milner,
of the British Cabinet. The proposal of this great
voluntary committee was in effect that an Imperial
Development Board be formed to arrange with the Dominion of Canada for the purchase of a two hundred
million acre area of land in Alberta, Saskatchewan,
Manitoba and British Columbia for, say, ��40,000,000,
paid by Great Britain at the rate of ��10,000,000 yearly,
on the condition that the Dominion Government spends
the whole capital in immediate development. Page 2
New Westminster. B.O., Feb. 9, 1917
Published every Friday from the Offices, 761 Carnarvon Street,
New Westminster, B. C, by the Pacific Canadian Printing
& Publishing Co-, I,td.
Editor and Manager
Subscription Prices;���$1.00 per annum [in advance];   50c.   for six
months; 25c. for three months; 10c. per month;   5c. per copy.
Advertising rates on  application
Not much short of a year has now elapsed since the
first ill-advised and equipped and insufficient Anglo-
Indian expedition against Bagdad, in Mesopotamia,
came to grief by the forced surrender, through lack
of food and supplies, to the TurKs at Kut-el-Amara,
of General Townshend's force of about ten thousand
troops, two-thirds of whom were Indians. To the
dogged British spirit that was only a temporary setback, and Mesopotamia and Kut-el-Amara have again
been figuring in the despatches. British forces, we
are told, have lately established themselves on the
Tigris, and their artillery controls at short range the
mouth of the Hai river, opposite Kut. They have
also captured considerable sections of Turkish trenches
in the vicinity, and we shall.hear any day probably of
Kut-el-Amara being in British hands again. And then
on to Bagdad���some ninety miles distant���capital of
Germany's coveted Asian Empire. Transportation
and other problems necessary to the success of such
an expedition are doubtless far better in hand than at
the time of the first ill-fated effort, and Russia's
trans-Caucasus forces will also probably be within cooperating distance.
Vorwaerts, a German Socialist paper, makes this
naive, apparently unconscious, confession both of Germany's principles and predicament, in commenting on
President Wilson's utterances in severing diplomatic
relations between the United States and the German
Empire: "The Americans have it. easy in talking
about the sacred laws of humanity wnich the Germans
are treading underfoot. They are not threatened in
their existence: they know nothing of the pleasures of
life in the trenches, and when they want bread, butter, bacon, cheese, milk and eggs, they go to the next
shop and buy what they want. Under such circumstances it is easy to exalt the laws of humanity. Americans have as little right to make moral representations to us as a portly citizen has the right to judge a
poor devil who comes into conflict with the law through
dire distress." "Poor devil" is good, although not
quite strong enough as applied to Germany, which
seems to think that the "dire distress" which that
country brought upon itself ought to justify it in
every devilish outrage and violation of the laws of
God and man.
None of the other neutrals has yet foi lowed President Wilson's lead, as he suggested, and severed
diplomatic relations with Germany, although Brazil
may do so. Spain, the Scandinavian league, and the
smaller European neutrals have con'e.ited themselves
with protesting against Germany's announced "sink
at sight" submarine policy. It has been pointed out,
with much aptness, on behalf of the smaller neutral
states contiguous to Germany, that it would be a much
more serious matter for them than for the United
States to sever diplomatic relations with Germany���
to say nothing of the disadvantage of having no neutrals to look after non-combatant interests in the
various belligerent countries.
Opera House
Jr/day  and Saturday
3>eb.  9-/0
I. O. D. E.
Will I-reseni the   Fatuous   Screen   Heauty
Marv Miles Minter
In a Fascinating Interpretation   Entitled
"Youth's Endearing
Special Music & features
Programme commences���Matinee 2:30 p.m.    Evenings 8:15
Prices.    Matinee 15c; Evening, 25; Boxes, 35.
Phone 068
Home Shoe
Cobbling Sets ���
containing all the
necessary tools
Half Soles and
Heels, Shoe Nails
and Rivets
"Economy Begins   at
Anderson   (St  Lusby
634 Columbia St.
Royal City Pork Butchers
737 Columbia St. 309 Sixth St.
We make a specialty of Cooked Meats.     Our
Properly Cooked Hams, Veal Loaf, Etc.,
are in great demand.
Phone 219
���_. -*��� A -* m\  * ���*   *   *   *- -���- m\ -��- -���- -���- -���- m\ -*-     ���. j
r ������������ WFWWVWVW 9*1
The daily press has given currency to to the report
that Col. J. D. Taylor, M. P., will try his luck in the
Chilliwack-Dewdney Federal electoral district (known
officially as Westminster District), when the elections
come on, leaving New Westminster District (embracing the city, Delta Riding, and the municipalities of
Burnaby and Richmond) to Mr. Adam S. Johnston,
who is understood to have been "cutting out" the
gallant colonel in this part of his present constituency.
Of course, the Liberals will have something to say
before the representation of either of these constituencies is disposed of, but it looks as if the foregoing
might be the Conservative scheme; .for a recent news
item in a "friendly" paper gives this interesting little
snap-shot of the colonel cultivating the Dewdney end
of the Westminster District: "Col. J. D. Taylor
visited Nicomen Island, Jan 29, and, after having
lunch at the home of W. V. Hill, walked up the dyke
to see where the river banks were endangering the
dyke. He met most of the settlers at the home of
Mr. Topping. All seemed to be pleased with his talk
and promise of support. Two hearty votes of thanks
were extended to him, one for his aid in securing the
Indian taxes, the other for his untiring effort on behalf of this community."
PHONRS Jl5 and 16
 Dealers in	
Crushed Rock, Sand and   Gravel,   Lime,   Cement. Plaster. Drain Tile. Etc.
��� -
;;    Forge, House and Steam Coal.    Agricultural Lime
902 Columbia Street
New Westminster, B. C.
New Brunswick is going to pull off a general election this month���nominations having been scheduled
for the 17th and polling to take place on the 24th inst.
It may be a "cold day" to "go to the country," but
that doesn't fizz on the "Blue-noses."
Canada's war vote for the financial year beginning
April 1st next-which was passed unanimously by
Parliament���is $500,000,000 (half a billion dollars,
just double the amount voted at the last session.) Sir
Robert Bordon, in introducing the resolution, explained
that the amount asked for includes large sums to be used
for the financing of the purchase of war munitions in
Canada for the Imperial Government.
Hon. Dr. Roche, Minister of the Interior, made the
important announcement in the House of Commons,
last week, that he intends, after the House reassembles
in April, to introduce a bill to amend the Immigration
Act, permitting Chinese students to enter Canada
without the payment of the $500 head tax. Dr. Roche
pointed out, in this connection, that the American law
works much more liberally on this point than does the
Canadian law.
After a record short sitting, the Dominion Parliament, which assembled on January 19, adjourned
Wednesday, Feb. 7, until April 19, to enable the Prime
Minister, Sir Robert Borden, to attend the forthcoming
important sessions of the Imperial War Cabinet. On
motion of Mr. Fred Pardee, Liberal member for Lambton, the House appointed, before adjournment, a
special committee to consider during the recess the
important matter of returned soldiers.
New Westminster, B. C
Surfaced Oak Buffet- With oval
plate mirror; smart style and
roomy.    Sale price $16.75
Surfaced Oak Buffet���Smart appearance, with leaded glass
doors, four drawers and cupboard, oblong bevelled mirror.
Sale price ...$18.50
Fumed Oak Buffet���Smart and
neat; well finished; linen drawer;
large cupboard, and two small
drawers.    Sale price -$15.95
Fumed Oak Buffet -With plate
mirrors and leaded glass doors.
Sale price $21.75
Heavy Quarter Cut Buffet���Large
size and very roomy; with bevelled plate mirror; in either
fumed or golden oak. Price. .$60
Dining Room
Smart William and Mary design;
quarter cut fumed oak suite, comprising set of six chairs, extension table, buffet and china cabinet.   Sale price $170
Queen Ann Design Suite in gum
wood; walnut finish; chairs,
buffet and extension dining table.
Sale  price $78
Serviceable Fumed Oak Suite,
comprising buffet, six chairs and
exteneion tables.   Price $51.50
Dining Chair Sets
Each suite comprises one arm and
five small chairs
A set of surfaced oak Diners.
Good useful chairs. Price-$10.75
Surfaced Oak Diners with leather
padded seats; good design. Sale
price  $15.50
Golden Oak Set with leather
seats; new design. Price...$21.50
Golden or Fumed Oak Sets; well
finished and strong; leather padded seats.   Sale price $23.25
Fumed Oak Sets���Brown leather
padded  seats,   neatly   finished.
Sale price $21.50
Fumed Oak Sets-Useful Diner
in   smart  design;    good  color;
leather seat.  Sale price $22.25
Quarter Cut Fumed Oak Set with
slip leather seat. Sale price $31.50
Davenettes, Chester Beds, Davenports, Extension Dining
Tables and Beds of every description at Snap Prices
Carpets and Rugs, Mattresses and Springs at Special Cut
Prices.     We invite comparison \%
New Westminster, B.C.. Feb. 9,1917
Page I
Have your "tag money" ready for the
Dabghters of the Empire, to-morrow, in
aid of the Y. M. C. A. overseas work.
The ladies' gymnasium class of the
Y.W.C.A. will give an exhibition of
their work in the Y.M.C.A. gymnasium
on April 25.
The plant of the Canadian Western
Lumber Co. at Fraser Mills is operating
again after having been closed down on
account of snow.
These are all Kodak days, if you only
thought so. Hurudall the Kodak Man
shows you how. Don't be afraid to
ask him. tc
Protect your salary in case of sickness
or accident, with the Merchants Casualty Co. W. B. Blane, 206-207 Westminster Trust Building.
Donations to the local Prisoners of
War Relief Fund last week totalled $71.-
45, the largest donation being jjli.25,
from Columbian College Literary Society.
Vital statistics for month of January,
1917, showed births 101, deaths 48 and
marriages 19. In January, 1916, there
were registered 61 births, 52 deaths, and
32 marriages.
Customs receipts for the month of
January are more than double the returns
for the corresponding month of a year
ago. For January, 1917, the receipts
totalled $27,485.74.
Mannering & MacKenzie, plumbers,
heaters, and sheet metal workers, have
removed to new and commodious quarj
ters, 55 Sixth st. (Matt Knight's old
stand), where they will be glad to see
you.   Telephone, 922. tc
Hon. Ralph Smith, Minister of Mines,
has received word tliat his son, Lieutenant John W. Smith, who left Vancouver
with the 72nd last year, had been wounded at the front. No particulars were received.
Found wandering about the streets of
Sapperton in a dazed condition, an elderly lady with white hair was taken to the
Royal Columbian Hospital for care. She
was unable to give any information
which would lead to her identity.
Fire may occur at any time and in a
hundred different ways. There is one
sure way to forestall serious loss by fire;.
That is to see W. B. Blane, The Man
Who Insures, 206-207 Westminster Trust
Building tc
A whist drive was held at the home of
Mrs. Nels Nelson, Queen's avenue and
Second street, last evening, under the
auspices of the Women's Benefit Association of the Maccabees. The proceeds
will be used in furnishing a bed in the
retnrned soldiers' wing of the Royal
Columbian Hospital.
The recently organized local branch of
the Canadian Red Cross are holding a
"tea shower" in the Columbian block,
to-day, when donations of anything
saleable will be appreciated. They propose conducting a "variety shop" in the
rooms in the Columbian block, the proceeds of which will be nsed for Red
Cross work.
Dominion land office receipts at this
point for January are more than three
times as great as in the corresponding
month of last year. For January, 1917,
mining land receipts totalled $1,501.25
and patents $44.36, a total of $1,541.61.
For January, 1916, mining land receipts
totalled $332.27 and patents $87.50; total
More than double receipts in the Crown
timber office are recorded for the month
just concluded. For January, 1917, the
receipts in this department amounted to
$8,132.87 and for January, 1916, $3,954.-
28. For the ten months ending January
31 of this year the Crown timber receipts
here amounted to $85,740.16 and for the
corresponding period last year $65,454.
The local Ministerial Association, at a
meeting, Monday, decided to cooperate
with the people's prohibition movement
in the event of the soldiers' vote overseas showing that prohibition has been
defeated. The reports of alleged irregularities in taking the soldiers' vote on
prohibition question were discussed, but
no definite action will be taken until the
vote is counted.
Robert Chambers, driver of the B. C.
Telephone Co. auto truck, sustained a
compound fracture of the leg, Monday,
when the machine he was driving struck
a telephone pole on Clarkson street. He
was standing on the running board operating the steering gear when he was
crushed between the machine and the
pole. He was taken to the Royal Columbian Hospital for treatment.
Word has been received that William
A Hard, son of Mr. Jason Allard, of Fort
Langley, has been awarded the military
medal for gallantry. "Billy," as he was
commouly known, enlisted in this city
about two years ago, but was later transferred to a Montreal regiment, the unit
he was with when he earned his medal.
He has been wounded, once being shot
in the hand, so that he lost certain parts
of his fingers. He has just been enjoying a short holiday with his brother, who
is also at the front.
Who will be seen at the Edison Theatre,
Monday and Tuesday next, in
Railway Company  Enlistments.
Mr. E. R. Vigor, engineer, of the Columbia llitulithic Paving Co., has been
granted a commission in the Railway
Construction Company being recruited
in this Province by Major V. L. Marsh
for overseas service. Mr. Vigor will have
the rank of lieutenant.
Sergt. J. H. Vidal, of the orderly room
staff of the 104th Regiment, has joined
the above company and will go overseas
with this unit. Sergt. Vidal has been
connected with the i()4th Regiment for
many years and was captain of the New
Westminster Civilian Rifle  Association.
Sergt. V. Heber Brown, also of the
104th Regiment, has joined Major V. L.
Marsh's company, retaining the rank of
sergeant. He has had considerable military experience, having served in the
Queen's Own Rifles of Torouto, and with
the 104th since its reorganization.
City Council Notes.
Among tbe communications received
and acted on at the regular meeting of
the City Council, Monday night, was one
from Hon. W. Norman Bole, K. C,
advocating a minimum wage of $3 per
day for all city employees. The Council will consider the recommendation.'
A request for a reduction in the light
rate for electric light supplied the Provincial Government for lighting the
Fraser River bridge was made by Government Agent F. C. Campbell. The
Light Committee will consider and report on the request.
On recommendation of Aid. Lynch,
three of the Board of Works horses will
be sold, by tender.
At the Opera House.
In '"Youth's Endearing Charm," at
the Opera House, to-day and Saturday
(afternoon and evening), under the auspices of Col. Burnaby Chapter, 1. O. D.
E., the famous screen beauty, Mary
Miles Minter, gives a fascinating interpretation of the role of a desolate little
orphan bound out to the family of a
brutal farmer, but saved from a life of
sadness by a keen sense of humor, which,
with her wonderful beauty and winning
personality, raises her from her a life of
poverty and hardship to the very lap
of luxury.
Irene Fenwick and
Owen Moore
Citv Market.
The market was itself again to-dav, alter the "off" event of last week owing
to the heavy snowfall the night before.
Tbe scene this morning was one of wonted activity, with full supplies in nearly
all lines, especially meats and poultry,
and brisk and lively trading. Pork and
veal were the big features of the meat
section, with prices about the same as
last week: Pork, grading heavy, medium and light, bringing all the way
from 12 to 17c; veal, ditto, 12 to 18c;
beef sold from 7 1-2 to 9c. The corner
devoted to poultry was crammed with
vocal produce and buyers, buying being
spirited, at prices ranging: For hens,
23 to 26c; springs, 25 to 30c; ducks, 35
to 37c. Eggs were plentiful and registered another slight drop, the retail
price being 40 to 45c per doz; wholesale,
35c up. Butter retailed at 50c as usual.
Potatoes were scarce, the price holding
at $1.50 to $1.75 per sack and $30 to $35
per ton,
Coney Island
story carrying  the   atmosphere
of New York's Resort
Mon. and Tue.
Vivian Martin
"The Right
An Interesting Waif Story
y*'    r
Is �� /V_f I T��SO
I   The People's
Main Store     -     193 and 194 % "I
% Sapperton branch       -       373
% West End branch       -       650
Three Big Stores
of  Plenty
| Everyday
1 Shoppers
Table   Raisins;    regular   25c
per lb   special price 15c
Tea Garden Honey;   reg. 35c
jars, special price 25c
Purity Wheat Flakes; reg. 25c
pkgs., special price 20c
Corn Flakes, 3 pkgs. for 25c
Climax Jam, including Raspberry, Strawberry, Plum, Apricot, Peach, etc., 4-lb tins,
each  50c
X *
'( .,
$    .,
X "
��� i..
Take Notice
That we guarantee onr C. A.
W. special 35c  or 3 lb for $'1
Tea to be the  equal   of   any
50c Tea on   the market,
if you want a better, try
of   "Welsh's Best"   at
Equal to any 60c Tea.
A Splendid Selection of
New Petticoats
that will please any taste
Priced for $1.2 5to $10.00
fl SO L/'LL be delighted with this
��5r   showing of New Petticoats
that are  here  in   splendid
styles and the values are all interesting.
Sateen Petticoats $1.25 to $2.50
Heatherbloom Petticoats $2.25
to $3.50
Moive Petticoats $3.25 to $6.00
Silk Petticoats $4.50 to $10.00
Make this store your shopping
place for Dress Goods. You'll save
money. Big stocks bought months
and years ago, that are now selling
less than the mill prices to-day.
You can save on every yard purchased at this store. Make a comparison   ::::::::::
Eyestrain and Wrinkles
Go together���both are brought
on by attempting to read or
work WITHOUT Glasses when
Glasses are NECESSARY !
We can fit you with becoming Eyeglasses that will enable you to see
clearly without Eyestrain or Wrinklt*
Let us supply the Glasses to-day.
H. Ryall
Druggist  and  Optician
A Dandy Concert.
The concert given in St. George's
Hall, Wednesday evening, to a capacity
audience, under the auspices of the sergeants' mess of the 104th Regiment,
was one of the best New Westminster has
been favored with, and was much appreciated from start to finish. The artists,
all from Vancouver, were. Mrs. (Dr.)
W. h. Coulthard. soprano: Mme. Este
Avery, contralto; Miss Helen Badgley,
elocutionist; Miss Margaret McCraney,
violinist; Sergt. I). A. Jones, C. A. M.
C, baritone; Bandsman Jolly, 231st
Batt, 'cellist; and Mme. Pratt-Stuart,
A. R. A. M., accompanist and solo
pianist. Over $100 was realized for the
recruiting fund of the overseas company
of the 104th.
Parlor Do-r Show,
The Terminal City Kennel Club will
hold a parlor dog show in New Westminster on Saturday, February 17, in the
store building at the corner of Fourth
and Columbia streets. Mr. Albert
Greenwood, of Clayburn, will act as
judge. The local committee in charge is
composed of Messrs. J. J. Jackson, A.
Hogg, and John Thomson. There will
be two classes, one for pups of all breeds
3 to 9 months, and the other for dogs 9
months and over. There will also be a
number of special classes.
St. Andrew's Annual Meeting.
At the fifty-fifth annual meeting of St.
Andrew's Presbyterian Church, held last
week, reports presented showed the
church to be in a satisfactory condition.
During the year practically the whole of
the $6,500 mortgage on the church had
been pledged by the congregation and of
this $1,600 in cash had already been received. The envelope collections were
the largest since 190S. The year's receipts totalled $6,247. During the year
fortv-fivt. new members were added.
The new members of the church board
of management elected for three years
were Messrs. J. D, Kennedy, D. Mcpherson and J. Donald.
Agent for 7 strong Fire Insnrance
Lowest rates possible   and   absolute security guaranteed.
Wm. McAdam
Room 1, Hart Block
at prices that  are  RIGHT
Quality, Quantity and Service is onr
Phones:   150-732
Belyea & Company, Ltd.
827 Carnarvon Street
At the Edison.
"A Coney Island Princess," featuring
Owen Moore and Irene Fenwick, will be
the attraction at the Kdison Theatre,
Friday and Saturday. Many of the
scenes for this photo-play were taken
around New York's great play ground,
Coney Island.
For Monday and Tuesday, Vivian Martin will be seen in "The Right Direction." There are many good human
touches in the photo-play, in whicli Miss
Martin has the leading role, that of
Pollv Eccles.
N. P. R. Will Build at Once.
Mr. II. W. Harrison, of Sloan & Harrison, building contractors, has received
notification from the St. Paul offices of
the Northern Pacific Railway Co. that
his tender for the construction of the
company's freight sheds on the waterfront adjoining the C. N. wharf, right
in front of tlie Market Building, has
been accepted. The contract price is in
the neighborhood of $11,500. Construction will be begun immediately, and is
expected to be completed within eight
weeks. The building will be 200 feet
long by 50 feet wide, sheeted with corrugated galvanized iron and with a tar
and gravel roof.
Advertise in The Pacific Canadian
War Savings Certificates
$ 20.00   for   $21.eo
OO.OO      " 43.00
100.00      " 86.00
JAN. t, WIT !>���*�� *
New WeBtminflter. B.C.,   Feb. 9, 1917
In His Letter Resigning Cariboo No
mlnatlon, Joe Martin Declares Emphatically Against Parliament Extension.
As briefly announced in last issue, Mr.
Joseph Martin, K.C, M. P., has announced his iutention to leave for the
Old Country presently, there to reside in
future, and divide his attention between
Imperial politics and journalism. Mr.
Martin, who is now 64 years of age and
in better health than he has been for a
dozen years, informed the press that,
with careful personal attention, he believed he could easily win again, when
the eiection comes on, in St. Pancras.
Iu Parliament he intends to give special
attention to Canadian affairs in their relation to Imperial problems.
The letter of resignation which Mr.
Martin considerately indited to his at one
time prospective Cariboo constituents
was addressed to Mr. D. B. Johnstone,
president of the Liberal Association of
that extensive Federal riding, and will
be found well worthy of perusal, if only
for ils vigorous and incisive criticism of
the war record of the present Ottawa
Government, and its emphatic condemnation of the proposal for another Parliamentary extension, A general election should and must be held, Mr. Martin savs, and he has no doubt of the
result or of the fact "that a change of
Government is much needed in Canada ''
Tlie text of the letter to the president of
the Cariboo Liberal Association   follows.
When I left England in July, 1914, it
was because of the smash of the real es-
I tate boom which had raged in this Province for some years, placing my affairs
here in such a condition that it was absolutely necessary for me to be on the
When I accepted the nomination as
Liberal candidate for Cariboo in September, 1915, it did not appear to me at all
likely that I should be able to get my
affairs into such shape as to enable me
to rtturn to London to live, and I was
quite willing to undertake the campaign,
and, if elected, to serve at Ottawa.
On account of the general improvement in British Columbia I have been
able to again get my affairs in British
Columbia in such a condition that I feel
justified in returning to London, and
when I left in 1914 I promised my supporters in the constituency of Hast St.
Pancras that if at any time I found myself in a position to do so I would return
to serve them as a member in the House
of Commons.
Looks for Election.
Under these circumstances, I have
made up my mind to leave Vancouver,
and to again take up my permanent residence in London, and for that reason I
beg to tender my resignation as vour
My successor will have my very best
wishes. I beiieve it is in the interest,of
the people of Canada that the present
Government should be defeated and Sir
Wilfrid Laurier and the Liberal party
again placed in control of Canada.
Shortly after the war started, the present Government showed every sign of
intending to bring on a general election,
and I believe that they applied to the
Governor-Geheral for a dissolution, but
that they met with a refusal.
At that time I was very much opposed
to a general election in war times, under
the circumstances which existed then.
The life of the Parliament expires
next October, and it is quite plain that
the Liberal members at Ottawa do not
intend to agree that the time should again
be extended by the Imperial Parliament.
The result will, therefore, no doubt be
that a general election will take place
some time between now and October.
I believe that the circumstances have
entirely changed since 1914, and that it
is very much iu the interests of the Canadian people that a general election
should come on as early as possible.
I believe that the present Government
has shown itself  entierlv  unfit to   have
charge of   the  government   during   the
continuance of the present war.
Sir Sam and Ross Rifle.
The Department of Militia was handed
over by Sir Robert Borden to Sir Sam
Hughes, and his administration of that
department has been, I submit, a public
Millions of dollars have been wasted,
favoritism has been rampant, immense
profits have been made out of war expenditures. The enquiry before the
commission at Ottawa showed that Colonel Allison had been placed in a position
to make a very large sum of money out
of the expenditures of the nation, without giving any value whatsoever for it,
and no proper explanation was given by
him as to what became of this large
sum. The investigation gave rise to a
reasonable suspicion that oilier persons
than Colonel Allison must have benefitted from the transactions which were exposed.
It has developed that large sums of
money have been thrown away under (he
administration of the late Minister of
Militia in connection with tlie purchase
at great cost of equipment for Canadian
soldiers, which equipment lias been
scrapped as soon as the soldiers reached
The use of the Ross rifle long after the
Government were well aware that it was
quite unfit for a weapon to be used in'
actual warfare, showed that the Government was not protecting the Canadian
soldiers as it should have done.
Enormous sums of money have been
spent uselessly in travelling expenses of
officers going from one part of Canada lo
another, without any reason whatsoever.
The constitution and management of
military camps from one end of Canada
to another has been a scandal,
More About Sir Sam.
The Government are not in a position
to shoulder the responsibility, for this
state of affairs upon Sir Sam Hughes.
No doubt he was personally one of the
most unfit men that could have been
chosen for the important position wliich
he had to fill. Sir Robert Borden, however, continued him in office long after
it was evident to everybody that lie whs
not fit to fill the  position in   which  he
had been placed.
While it has been proved that graft has
been rampant in connection with military expenditures, no prosecution has
yet taken place. Sir Charles Davidson
was appointed commissioner by tbe Government to enquire into matters of this
kind, and, although a long time has
passed since these enquiries took place,
only a partial report has been made.
The Government have adopted a system of registration under the direccion
of Mr. Bennett, M. P., who has been
made the head of the National Service
Bureau. The only possible object of a
registration of that kind is for th. purpose of introducing and carrying out a
conscription law, and yet, while the registration has been carried out, we are
informed by the Government that it does
not intend to introduce conscription.
For these and many other reasons
connected with the war administration,
1 contend that a change of Government
is much needed in Canada.
After the war, there will be many questions to settle, and it is of the utmost
importance that the Premier of Canada
should be a man who will not be carried
away by passion, but will proceed in a
cool and deliberate manner to define the
policy of Canada in connection with any
suggested changes.
Sir Wilfrid Laurier bas shown on the
different occrsions in which he has attended Imperial Conferences that he can
be depended npon to fight against militarism, and to insist absolutely upon the
complete autonomy which Canada now
enjoys within the British Empire from
being interfered with in connection with
anv proposals of change. Yours truly,
We wish to announce to the public we
are still doing business at the old stand,
cor. Eighth and Carnarvon sts., New
Westminster, B. C. When you require
plumbing, heating, sheet metal work or
repairs, phone us on our old  No.���586.
Fire Department Reorganization.
Higher wages for city firemeii if the
efficiency of the City Fire Department is
to be maintained was the recommendation of Fire Chief Watsoii to the City
Council in Committee of the Whole, last
week. The chief stated that nine of the
best men in the department are now with
tbe colors. Three more had tendered
their resignations, to take effect this
week, and he understood that four more
were prepared to do so unless an increase
of wages was granted. As a matter of
economy to offset the increase in wages,
Chief Watson suggested closing No. 5
fireball in the west end of the city and
moving No. 3 hall from (jueen's Park to
a more central location somewhere near
Moody Square. This would effect a saving of about $4,500 per vear, but would
detract from the present efficiency of the
department. The chief was finally instructed to prepare a schedule of wages
for firemeii so as to get the best class of
men for this work.
Valuator    Money to Loan    Farms
for Sale
li. A. EASTM0N
Notary Public
Guichon Block, Columbia and MeKenzie Sts.,    NEW  WESTMINSTER
New    Wellington.
Lump, Nut, pea
and SlacK
Foot Sixth St.        Phone 105
Will keep your tea or coffee
warm and you will enjoy
your lunch.
We can sell vou Thermos
Bottles and Lunch Kits.
T.J. TRAPP KO., Ltd.
Store 59       Office 196
Machinery  and    Auto   Dept.   691
Braid & Co. are
their fanous
Teas and Coffee
at our Sixth St.
Butterick Ouarterly
For Spring
Now on sale at the Pattern Counter, a revelation of the many
approved styles for coming Spring and Summer wear. Secure
a copy now and have before you every day the safest guide for
fashions for 1917.
25c   PER   COPY
Which includes a Coupon, good for 15c, on the purchase of
any pattern.
��� ft
Butterick   Transfer*
Line Will be  Operated.
Definite assurances that the Canadian
Northern Lulu Island line between this
city and Woodward's Landing will be
operated in the near future were made,
last week, by Mr. M. H. McLeod, gen
eral manager, in a conference with Mayor Gray and Aid. Jardine. It will take
a couple of months to ballast the track
and get it in shape, and Mr. McLeod
stated that, if satisfactory arrangements
could not be made with the B. C. Electric Railway Co. to operate a train service on this line, the C. N. R,, would
themselves put on a service. 'Irie suggestion of the city's representatives, that
a through service between Port Mann
and Woodward's Landing by means of a
gasoline car be established, will be given
consideration. The C. N. R. officials
have given assent to practically all of
the conditions in the agreement now ]
being prepared for the route of the
C. N. R. line through this city.
With every 3 lbs. of Tea or
Coffee a 25c bottle of Braid's
Flavoring Extracts will be
given away FREE.
Come and sample a cup of
good Tea or Coffee.
Braid's Tea,  lib 50c
Braid's Coffee, 1 lb 45c
Big Four Tea. 1 lb 40c
Model Grocery
Matheson & Jacobson
308 Sixth St. Phone 1001-2
East Burnaby, 2nd St. Phone 598
Edmonds, Gray Block Phone 1111L
Sapperton, Guhr Block Phone 1012
Another popular book filled with hundreds of new illustrations
of Stamping Designs. In the new number are several popular
designs for evening and street dresses. Per copy, 25c,
which also includes a coupon good for 15c on the purchase of a
transfer pattern.
W. S. Co-lister'& Co.
The Store  for Women's Wear
P. O. Box 933
Westminster  Iron   Works
JOHN   REID,   Proprietor
General Machine Work, Engineering  and
Manufacturers of  Structural and Ornamental Ironwork
S   New Westminster, B. C.
Office and  Works
James & McClughan
Auto Tires & Accessories
New Westminster, B. C.
Front and Sixth Sts.    Phone 302
Let Us Do It?
You needn't   do   your   own
Washing or send it to a
The Royal City Laundry
(White Labor Only)
will do it for you.
PHONE 183.     814 ROYAL AVE.
mmrt_hi.t er finance
Principal repayable 1st October, t*M.
Interest payable half-yearly, 1st April and let October by cheque (free of exchange at
any chartered Bank in Canada) at the rate of five per eent per annum from the data of
Holders of this stock wW have the privilege of surrendering at par and accrued interest,
as the equivalent of cash, in payment of any allotment made under any future war loan issue
in Canada other than an issue of Treasury Bills or other like short date security.
Proceeds of this stock are for war purposes only.
A commission of one-quarter of one per cent will be allowed to recognized bond and
stock brokers on allotments made in respect of applications for this stock which bear their
For application forms apply to the Deputy Minister of Finance, Ottawa.
OCTOBER 7th, 1916.


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