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The Pacific Canadian Apr 14, 1916

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THE   PACIFIC   CANADIAN
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Weekly News Digest and Journal of  Observation and Comment.
Vol. I.
NEW WESTMINSTER, B. C, FRIDAY, April 14, 1916.
��� =
Number 6
RAKED WITH A POP-GUN
That political enfant terrible, P. J. MacKenzie, according
to the indulgent and admiring Columbian, has been "raking
the Opposition in the Legislature fore and aft in his effective
speech in support of the Returned Soldiers' Homestead Bill."
P. J. (to give him his full military title, which is something
like the copper-toes to the small boy of an earlier vintage)
Lieut. P. J. MacKenzie has quite a characteristic preciosity for
saying smart and saucy things at his political seniors and betters, but he is not taken very seriously, as may be imagined
from tlie role which he fills and the inconsequential and unconvincing nature of his jejune lucubrations. A sort of bored
amusement Is about the only reaction to these performances,
and the "raking fore ami aft" exploit we find to be no exception to the rule.
The criticism of ^the Bowser Government bill referred
to, by the Liberal leader, Mr. Brewster, in the Legislature, on
Friday last, was characteristically thorough, serious and
analytical, clearly distinguishing uetween the principle and
general purpose of the measure (borrowed bodily from the
Liberal platform), of which he approved, and the numerous
defective and objectionable features which an examination ot
the bill by clauses disclosed, which he unhesitatingly condemned and pointed out the better way. Among other criticisms Mr. Brewster made, was the evidently set purpose of the
Government to yet favor the speculator from whom these lands
were supposed to revert on account of non-payment; the tying
up, out of any other use, of hiuch more land than would
probably be availed of by returned soldiers; and the manner
of allotment and selection���Mr. Brewster pointing out in this
connection that the Government had spent thousands of dollars of the public money on an expensive Ttoyal Commission
(Agricultural), which had toured the world practically to
obtain for the Government information on all matters affecting the industry of agriculture, "and yet," said Mr. Brewster,
"the bill proposed to perpetuate this system of scattered settlements which the Agricultural Commission condemned as leading to expense to the Government and dissatisfaction to the
settler."
It could not be expected, of course, that a docile political
neophyte of the McBride-Bowser school, brought up to swallow
at a gulp, aad with an upward jerk of the thumb, every unbaked concoction of the.chief cooks placed before it, could
understand such a thing as approving of the principle of a
measure and yet criticising the details. Such a thing was
never heard of in the "golden age" which produced the Dominion Trust, C. N. P., P. G. B. and similar freak and fraud
legislation, with all its dire consequences to the people. Could
anything be more fair, straightforward or statesman-like than
Mr. Brewster's concluding sentences in his review of the
Bowser Government's alleged new land policy bill: "Until
such time as the Government sees fit to introduce such amendments as will make this work out, I would say that, while we
will not oppose the second reading, and want to see an act
which will give every soldier his just due, and a chance to
every settler, we reserve to ourselves any action we consider
wise in committee In order to make this a good and workable bill."
But Lieut. MacKenzie didn't approve of this sort of criticism, so he trained his pop-gun on the leader of the Opposition, and, as the esteemed, but too indulgent and complacent,
Columbian declares, "raked him fore and aft," with such foolish prattle as this, according to the Columbian report: "The
leader of the Opposition took every method possible to damn
the bill. He first accused the Government of stealing his
policy, liis 'thunder,' so to speak, and then proceeded by a
lengthy argument to prove it was no good anyway, even if it
was his idea, as he claimed. Does it not seem too bad, sir,
that that narrow, partisan view should show up so prominently, rather than a broad, healthy, statesmanlike stand on a bill
of this nature." And so on ad nauseam, concluding this part
of his mimic fusilade by declaring that Mr. Brewster had
threatened to "torpedo" the bill���because he had intimated
the intentions of the Opposition to make it a "good and workable" measure. Anything, everything, but an attempt to
answer Mr. Brewster's serious and detailed criticsms and really
discuss the measure.
The people have stood for so much of this "make-believe"
public discussion, this toy politician bombast, with its almost
tragically serious consequences, in the past decade or so, that
their patience seems to be considered inexhaustible. We miss
our guess, however, if the people are not really more than
"fed up" on it all, and waiting, with what patience they can
command, for their long denied opportunity to end It and its
perpetrators with one good, swift, decapitating stroke���where
the chicken (we beg the chicken's pardon���Tisdall and Plum-
erfelt) got the axe! %
THE SINEWS OF WAR
We heard a good deal before this war, and have heard
more since, about German thoroughness, efficiency, effectiveness, as manifested in the systematic and scientific organization and mobilization of the military and industrial resources
of the country, in deliberate preparation for the present great
.struggle, and we have been compelled to admit the tremendous
initial advantage which this ruthless thoroughness and foresight have given to the Prussian aggressor. We have even
felt disposed at times to accord to Great Britain an unmistakable back seat, in the military procession at least, with the
gratifying reservation that she wae rapidly remedying that
defect and supplementing her unquestioned naval superiority
by the raising and equipping of an army, contributed by every
portion of the Empire, that will be one of the greatest in
Europe.
In addition to her acknowledged mastery of the sea���
which has been and is destined to be a paramount and compelling factor in this world war���there is another vital destiny-
controlling particular in which Great Britain has been easily
supreme from the first, and in which, after nearly two years'
strain and stress of the titanic conflict, her supremacy is more
apparent than ever���that is, in her possession and command
of what has been aptly termed the sinews of war: the financial
resources and reserves, required to an almost unlimited extent,
and without which all the colossal activities of the war must
falter and stop and the country relapse into helpless bankruptcy.
Never was Britain's splendid supremacy in this respect
more strikingly illustrated than in the fourth war budget presented by the Chancellor of the Exchequer, last week, which,
in the coolest and most matter of fact terms, called for an
expenditure in the current financial year of nine billion dollars���nine times the record expenditure of the year before the
war���an expenditure estimated at $25,000,000 a day! These
estimates of expenditure included, it was explained, the sum
of ��450,000,000 covering anticipated further advances to Britain's allies and the Dominions. Considerable increases in tax-
tion were forecasted, to make up the total estimated revenue
of ^509,000,000, the balance required to be obtained by borrowing.
In explaining his budget, the Chancellor said he had first
to obtain sufficient revenue to meet the country's obligations;
secondly, to pay as large a proportion of the cost of the war
as possible; and, thirdly, to distribute the burden as far as
possible. There wae no suggestion that the country was getting near the end of its resources. Owing to the expansive
power of British trade, it was noted, the estimated revenue of
the past financial year had been exceeded by no less than ��32,-
000,000, while the year's expenditure had been nearly as much
below the estimate. The Chancellor was able to draw an interesting comparison with German finances, in that, while
Great Britain "had been raising more than ��300,000,000 annually by taxation, the Secretary of the German Imperial Treasury was announcing a "doubtful increase" of ��24,000,000.
In these strenuous and stressful times, it is something to be
proud of and profoundly thankful for -that Britannia
���due in large measure, no doubt, to more than
half a century of British freedom of trade���still
rules the wave, and has given ample demonstration as well
of possessing unimpaired, as yet, those essential financial resources and reserves���those pussiant sinews of war���which
will go far toward turning the scales in favor of herself, her
Dominions, and her Allies^, in the final and crucial stages of
the great world conflict that "has now, to all appearances,
about reached its climax.
The good old Victoria Colonist, whose long since repudiated pledge to go back on the Bowser Government if it didn't
implement to the full its legislative programme as laid down
in the speech from the throne, appears to have suffered from
a momentary recrudescence of conscience, on a recent Sunday
morning, concerning that pledge; for it actually, in a grandmotherly way, warned the Government, in its leading editorial,
that "there exists a very general desire on the part of the
public that the Premier shall bring down in the form of- bills
the Government programme for the session at the earliest
possible day." Why, bless you, Premier Bowser is so busy
bringing down bills growing out of various political jobs in
which he is more or less interested, for the people to pay,
that he has no time to think of "bills" in the legislative sense.
And as for legislative programme, he has forgotten that he
ever had any. It was only for use In the by-elections in any
event, and, anyhow, he has one ear glued to the receiver of
the Prohibition 'phone and the other lined up by the Merchants' Protective Association, while listening between tinles
Tor the voice of his master, the Liberal leader, whom he'
recognizes as in touch with popular requirements and demands, in the hope of being able to patch up soni'.1 borrowed
legislation that will catch the most vUes.
TRIMMING GERMANY'S COLONIES
Referring to the fall of Erzerum, gateway to Asia Minor,
to the Russians, over a month ago, an American writer says:
Serious as this loss is to the Turks, it means far more to the
Germans, for it is the Initial move in the passing away of what
was, for commercial purposes, a magnificent German colonial
possession, rich in mineral and agricultural resources, with unbounded possibilities of future development and trade.
When the war began Germany, directly and Indirectly, held
sway over other lands of backward peoples whose total area
was twelve times as great as her own. Asia Minor was not a
colony, but was rapidly passing under German economic control. The Bagdad Railway concession closely resembled a
monopoly of everything in those parte that was upon or beneath the earth, or In the waters thereof. Here was an undeveloped land so large that Germany, Austria, Hungary,
Prance and Belgium could be encompassed In its area, with a
population of but 20,000,000.
Coal, iron, copper and petroleum are among its minerals.
Wheat, corn, cotton, fruits and vegetables, silk, wool, sheep,
horses and cattle are included in its agricultural possibilities.
Capital, engineering skill, business capacity and enterprise are
needed to make this land what It was when its cities teemed
with life. With this land developed and supporting the German overflow population, its trade possibilities would strike
the imagination like an Arabian Night's Dream.
In Africa, China and the South Seas also, Germany possessed a colonial area six times as large as herself. The
colonies were:   .
. ' Sq. Miles
German   East   Africa    384,000
German Southwest Africa    323,000
Cameroon in Africa    191,000
Pacific   Islands         96,000
Togoland      34,000
Kiaochow  200
HERE AND THERE
Villa is reported to have lost a leg���to have lost his life���
again and again. One thing is certain, he is still lost to Uncle
Sam's pursuing soldiers, whose task will not be finished till
they get the elusive bandit, dead or alive. More power to
their elbow!
The first act of Major-General Sir Sam Hughes, on receiving Premier Borden's summone to return to Canada and explain himself re fuse contract frauds, was to cable ahead re-
taing three of the best lawyers in Canada to help him explain.
Must be a complicated case!
A Macedonian cry has gone out to Hon. Martin Burrell,
'Minister of Agriculture at Ottawa, to come out to B, (.'. and
try, as captain-pilot, to salvage the Bowser wreckage. It would
be a patriotic task, but, as it would be submarine���In the cold
shades���for years, we doubt if Mr. Burrell will leave his happy
home to follow that sub-aqueous gleam.
To run the very expensive political machine down at Victoria, it requires nine Ministers now, a new one just having
boen created, at $6,000 "per, with extras, travelling expenses,
retiring pensions, etc., etc. That means three vacancies at
the Cabinet round table, which the Government dare not fill,
until the eve of the overdue general election, which they are
afraid to bring on.
Premier Bowser, in defending the Agent-General (London) building extravagance,, in connection with the whole
money squandering deal, which it has been shown will cost
the Province about a round $100,000 a year, is reported to
have said that it will be a credit to the Province. It will certainly not help the Province's credit, on top of the general
reckless financial management of the Government.
The failure of the Dominion Trust Company, without
legal liability for vast sums obtained from confiding depositors,
whose money was taken illegally through legislation obtained
from the Provincial Government of which Premier Boweer was
Attorney-General, is going to cost the people of British Columbia a quarter of a million dollars, that sum having been
voted last week in the estimates. The Province was taking a
chance, explained Mr. Bowser, on securing the fulfilment of
guarantee bonds covering that amount. If it failed, the tax-
payere would have to bear the loss. Of course, as the Government was responsible, the people will have to pay.
J. P.'s Weekly, edited by tbe varied, versatile, and virile
"Bruce" of the late Saturday Sunset���in propria persona, J.
P. MeConnell���is good enough "from the lofty pedestal of its
twelve week's seniority" in this vale of tears and meal tickets,
to welcome The Pacific Canadian as an "up to date weekly
journal of comment." We try to keep up with the almanac,
as to date lines at least, and, although we can't.follow J. P.'s
rather sharp political curve as a tangent from the Saturday
Sunset of shining memory, we Lope it's only a sort of loop-the-
loop experiment which will land the daring aeronaut right side
up again.
One of the big four, who broke away from party bondage,
and registertd their votes, last week, in favor of Sir Wilfrid
La'urler's resolution calling for a thorough and unrestricted
inquiry into the Shell Committee charges, was Hon. Andrew
Broder, recently made a Privy' Councillor, and enjoying the
sobriquet, "Honest Andrew," who told Premier Bo.rden that
he would have to vote against him if an investigation were
decided against by the party. "I am getting too near the end
of my life," he said, "to be expected to object to holding an
investigation into the work,of the Shell Committee." Evidently, the Royal Commission, confined to the fuse contracts only,
did not strike "Honest Andrew" as an adequate investigation,
in the circumstances.
One might imagine, from the line of talk the Bowser Government and its apologists are putting up with regard to the
various scandals being probed by the Opposition at Victoria,
that nothing would fizz on these gentry short of disclosures*
landing two or three of the Ministers in jail, a la Sir Rod-
niond Roblin et al. So far have they progressed in cynical
disregard of all sorts of political remissness and crookedness,
that they would only laugh at anything short of a true bill or
a policeman's warrant. The high court of the people, however, takes cognizance of offences against the common weal
more colossal and fa^-reachlng than many under the criminal
code, and the Indictment was complete even befor? the corroborative evidence of the scandal investigations was adduced
1,028,200
Even with the limited population in these countries, the
roreign trade aggregated $100,000,000 a year. All that now
remains to Germany is a precarious fragment of the East
African possession. Judging the future by What has gone
before, lt ie safe to say that before the war ends a writ of
ejection will be served for this possession also, and the last
vestige of a vast colonial empire will have been ��horn f"om
The Sir Charles Davidson War Contracts Royal Commission is still sitting���occasionally���and has not yet reported.
Last week lt took another little Instalment of evidence regarding the B. C. Government'e purchase of two refused submarines nearly two years ago at $550,000 per, a big advance
over the price at wliich they were contracted for by ('bile.
The latest witness, examined last week, at Ottawa, was G. C.
Davidson, vice-president of the vendor company, who said
Chile's reasons for refusing the boats were trivial. Mr. Davidson also put forward the opinion, as evidence, that these vessels had protected the Pacific Coast from invasion at the
time the German squadron was supposed to be snooping around,
and boldly declared: "If tlie German vessels had put in an
appearance, they would most likely have been sent to the bottom by these submarines."    Now, will the Germans be good?
the German crown.
It is a pathetic ending to thirty years of striving lor a "place
in the sun," but at the beginning of the war Germany announced that the colonies of Prance ware to be taken from her.
The result is the arbitrament of the sword to which sho appealed, under the delusion that her own trade could be broadened only by the destruction of others, and here is th<? first
Instalment of the verdict. Page 2
THE PACIFIC CANADIAN
New Westaiinster, B.C., April 14, 1916
THE   PACIFIC   CANADIAN
Published every Friday from the Offices, 761 Carnarvon Street,
New Westminster, B. C, by the Pacific Canadian Printing
& Publishing Co-, Ltd.
GEO. KENNEDY,
Editor and Manager
Subscription Prices;��� $1.00 per annum   [in  advance];   50c.   for six
months; 25c. for three months; 10c. per month;  5c. per copy.
Advertising rates on application
a ���  ��� *****
RETURNED SOLDIERS' AID
Summary  of  Report  of  Returned   Soldiers'   Aid   Commission
Laid Before   Provincial   Legislature���A   Non-Partisan
Matter.
The Returned Soldiers' Aid Commission, of which Hon. Dr.
Young, ex-Minister of Education, etc., is chairman, was laid
before the House recently. It is generally recognized that this
important question should be discussed and dealt with in _a
non-partisan spirit throughout. It will be the duty of the
Opposition, of course, to criticise details of definite Government proposals in the matter; but. as to the desirability and
necessity of land and other aid along the lines suggested by
Ihe Commission, there is only one opinion. The extension of
such aid to embrace a general land settlement policy is. it will
be recalled, in harmony with previously announced and strongly advocated Liberal policy.
Dr. Young, in explaining in the House, the vote of $15,000
lor carrying on the work of the Commission, gave his fellow-
members a resume of the report. In addition to helping the
returned soldier, he pointed out, the community settlement
idea would help the ordinary pre-emptor and remove many of
his difficulties. Incidentally, Dr. Young remarked that more
work had been done for the future of the soldier in British
Columbia than in any other province. In a conversation with
the leader of the Opposition, he said that gentleman had expressed the opinion that the Board of Commissioners should
not be the board to be appointed under the Agricultural
Credits Act. In this view he (Dr. Young) acquiesced. The
care of these men who had fought for the Empire was the
concern of the people, and should be looked to in a nonpartisan spirit.
Mr, Brewster heartily congratulated Dr. Young on his
work on the Commission, his report, and the speech the House
had just listened to. He hoped that the latter could be delivered in an expanded form at. a public meeting. Mr. Brewster spoke of the importance of the permanent Commission
being a thoroughly non-partisan one, and suggested that it
should be appointed by the Legislature and be responsible to
it alone. The responsibility was one which would be cheerfully accepted by every citizen, and it was too great a responsibility to allow any suggestion of politics to affect it.
A summary of the report of the Returned Soldiers' Aid
Commission, as presented, shows that 149 applicants from
returned soldiers had already been received, with 114 men
provided for. There were 29 in the convalescent Jrome at Esquimau and nine in Tranquille Sanatorium, so the Commission accounts for 152 men. The bulk of the men returning
from the war to be dealt with, it is said, will be handled at
Victoria, Vancouver, New Westminster, and Nanaimo, in each
of which cities are strong local committees.
Land Settlement Recommendations.
On the matter of land settlement by returned soldiers, the
report says:
"In the recommendations embodied in our accompanying
report, your Commission hae endeavored to lay before your
Government a plan which will not only express our appreciation of what is due from the people of Canada and this Province to those men who have fought and suffered in the defence
of our national liberties, but which also contains the nucleus
of a plan or system which may be enlarged to meet the requirements of a far greater number of settlers than we can
expect to find supplied from the ranks of our returned soldiers.
"Our primary consideration, however, has been the recognition of what is due to our returned soldiers, and in our recommendations we have endeavored to place before him a not
unattractive plan, by which he may go on the land and become
self-supporting under the most favorable conditions.
"To briefly summarize the advantages to be enjoyed by
the holder of an allotment in one of our suggested co-operative
settlements, we would point out: He becomes the owner of a
'picked' farm with enough cleared land to enable him to make
an immediate start; buildings, live etock, and machinery are
supplied in accordance with his expressed wishes, at rates far
more reasonable than he could hope to obtain by buying individually; he enjoys good transportation facilities; the support of a co-operative system of purchasing al! supplies and
selling all surplus produce; the benefits to be gained from
having the assistance and advice of experts always at his service; the ability to avail himself of courses of instruction in
agricultural matters and the advantages of social life as compared with the isolated condition of the majority of our
settlers.
Co-operative Settlements.
"We have recommended that the advantages of these cooperative farm settlements be available to all returned soldiers. We have made no discrimination, and think they should
be open to any man who has served the Empire either under
our own flag, that of the Motherland or any of the other overseas dominions.
"It is readily conceivable that this Province, owing to its
climatic and other advantages, will attract large numbers of
those settlers who will after the war seek new homes in Canada, and that we will be called upon to make provision for
those who left this Province for the front.
"It will be seen, therefore, that the problem or providing
for these is not in any sense a local matter. It is one in which
not only the provinces of our Dominion are equally interested,
but which is of vital interest to the Empire at large, and we
feel that the responsibility and cost of making provision to
meet the problem is one which should be shared by all those
interested.
"The problem is of so complex a nature as to probably be
the subject of a federal Inquiry. No doubt, however, each
province will be required to devise some plan in accordance
with ils own resources, and this your Commission has endeavored to do in so far as this Province is concerned, but we arc of
the opinion that the matters of the allocation ol' the lands and
the adjudication of the expenses in connection with the entire
scheme should be borne In part, at least, by the Imperial and
Pederal governments.
Imperial Suggestions.
"There has recently appeared in the London Standard a
summary of the primary features of a report issued by the
departmental committee appointed by the Earl of Selborne,
president of the Board of Agriculture, to investigate and make
recommendations with regard to the matter of land settlement
for discharged soldiers and sailors.
"With the exception of a clause relative to 'tenancy,' the
recommendations offered by this Imperial committee coincide
exactly with the principles which had been already formulated
by your Commission.
"The Imperial committee, in concluding their report, em:
phaslzed 'that preparations must be made at once to meet the
need which will arise when the war is over. Unless demobilized
men obtain regular work without delay, there is some danger
that they may acquire habits of idleness or swell the ranks of
casual labor.' The force of this will be apparent to all who
have given consideration to the matter,"
.Winner of Allotment.
The recommendations' of regulations on which land grants
should be issued include the appointment of an independent
hoard of commissioners to select suitable lands, direct preliminary land clearing or equivalent improvements, approve
of the purchase of stock, Implements, etc., and to adminliter
funds in connection with co-operative settlements. The land
grant should take the form of farms of such acreage as might
be best adapted to the different classes of farming to be followed���poultry-raising, market gardening, fruit growing, mixed farming for dairy farming���in block? in such districts as tlie
Board of Commissioners select of such size as to provide for at
least sixty allotments.
These blocks to be laid out in such a way as to leave sufficient area for a demonstration farm, central organization
plant, roads, recreation grounds, all to be within easy access
of the farms. The central organization plant to comprise a
general store, creamery, blacksmith shop, carpenter's shop,
public hall, school, and residence to give temporary accommodation lor soldiers going to look over land and suitable to take
in their.wives as well.
Those eligible to be all returned soldiers irrespective of
point of'enlistment and without distinction or rank or length
of service, son of eighteen or over of a deceased or permanently disabled soldier (with provision lor mother or guardian
to take up allotment until he is eighteen), daughter of a deceased soldier if there is no son, wife of a permanently disabled
soldier, or widow or a deceased soldier; only one allotment to a
family and only to be made where it is the intention of the
beneficiary to make bona fide settlement on it. "It is not
intended that these allotments shall be made available for
purely speculative purposes," says the report.
Improvements and Loans.
Improvements, to be confined to land clearing, draining
and fencing, to be made at the expense of the Provincial Government at a cost ol' not over $500 for each allotment. Further assistance to be given in the way of a long-term loan
(maximum $1,350 to an allotment) at a low rate of interest
lor the erection of buildings, purchase of machinery, stock,
seed, fodder, household necessities, etc., or further clearing,
draining or fencing, purchases to be approved by the board
and remain the property ot the Government; the loan to be
a mortgage against the farm. Taxes to be remitted lor the
year in which an allotment is taken up.
Training and Education.
That arrangements be made whereby a limited number of
returned soldiers receive assistance in establishing at the centre of the settlement such industries and occupations as, in the
opinion of the board, directly contribute to the need of the
settlers. That full opportunities to obtain training and instruction in agricultural matters be placed at the disposal of
returned soldiers who may wish to avail themselves of this
opportunity to acquire land, under the direction of the College
of Agriculture of the Provincial University; that a short course
of three months' duration be ofrered in general agriculture,
and repeated as often as deemed advisable; that in this course
laboratory work constitute the major part of class-room instruction, and that practical work in the fields, orchards and
stables receive special attention. Tuition to be provided by
the Provincial Government free of cost; board and lodging to be
provided by the Dominion Government. A trained agricultural adviser to be appointed ror each settlement, to undertake field demonstrations in co-operation with the farmers and
generally to assist them in conducting their work according
to beet farm practice. It is recommended that where a returned soldier had taken up a pre-emption before enlisting he
may be assisted in the form of land improvements to the value
of $500 to be made by the board in not less than three years
nor more than five years.
Technical Instruction.
Recommendations with regard to education, technical and
agricultural training and employment are made calling for
provision to the extent or $14,600, to be borne by the Dominion Government. It is recommended that arrangements for
training men tor civil lite be undertaken���by obtaining admission to business colleges, by apprenticeship and by supplementing this by study at central classes���in commercial
courses, lettering and show-card writing, stationary engineers,
care and operation of gasoline engines, electrical work, modelling and designing and navigation. That suitable places be provided for hoard and lodging, and provision ror maintenance be
made by the Military Hospitals Commission. That classes in
general subjects, as English, arithmetic, etc., he established
at the Convalescent Home, Esquimau,' that work-rooms be
provided and instruction given in manual arts, such as woodwork, light metal work, basketry, brush-making, etc., and also
that equipment be laid down for developing a factory based on
economic lines for brush-making and basket-making.
Employment Bureaus.
Regarding the establishment or Provincial employment
bureaus, the Commission says:
"We are of the opinion that the establishment of such bureaux will do much to benefit the employment-seeker, the employer, and the Province at large.
"In order that our recommendations may not work any
unfair hardship on really deserving employment agencies
already in existence, we have recommended that the Board of
Commissioners appointed to deal with this matter be given discretionary powers with regard to the renewal of the licenses of
such agencies. This is aimed to provide for the continuance of
bodies doing a business of proven respectability and legality,
and is intended primarily to apply to such bodies as the Y. W.
C. A., the Salvation Army, and other similar organizations
which deal principally with the supply of female domestic
labor."
A STRIKING PARALLEL
To the Editor.���iDear Sir: I notice in the Columbian ot
April 1 where Mr. Taylor has been telling a few of the faithful that graft does not exist in B. C. I would like you to teU
us about the following cases: What about the Price coal
rake-off? What about the Price Ellison episode; the Young
affair; the Green scandal (some years ago); the Songhees
Matson deal; the Alexander Read holdup; the land rrauds,
mining and timber deals; Mackenzie & Mann favoritism; the
McBride-Bowser jobbery in connection with Turner's job in
London; the Bowser oyster beds at half price; the Hannington
case; the dredging scandal at Victoria? These are all in this
Province. What about the great Roblin robbery; the Pallis
horse deals; the boots ror the army rrauds; medical supply
frauds; the horse I'eed rrauds; the shell frauds? Why, Mr.
Editor, the whole country rrom sea to sea is one mass of corruption.
I came across, the other day, a description or the deplorable
state or arfairs which existed in France in 1643, which I think
very aptly deecribes the condition of afrairs in this Province
in this twentieth century.
"During the twenty years immediately following the death
of Henry IV, the superintendents of the finances either gorged
themselves with wealth���all the other financial officers following their example���or, if they were upright men, they did
not have sufficient penetration to perceive the abuses, malfeasance, thefts and waete which went on under cover of their
authority, and even under Fheir eyes, so that the state was
always in need. Their maxims were: This realm can only
exist in contusion and disorder. Tlie secret of finance consists
solely in making and unmaking; in bestowing emoluments and
new honors on old officers; In creating new offices of every
kind and character; in alienating rights and sources of Income;
withdrawing these and then re-establishing them once more.
In causing the payment of taxes on all kinds of pretexts; in
consuming for current expenses the ordinary and extraordinary
receipts of the two years following; in giving the opportunity
to the treasurers of the public funds, other financial agents,
and Tanners or the revenue, of making immense profits; maintaining that the grandeur or the state consists in having a small
numiber of persons who can furnish prodigious sums and
astonish foreign princes."
JOHN FORRESTER,
Electric
Specialties
for mild weather
Electric Irons $3, 3.50
"   Stoves $4 to 6
"   Toasters $4.00
Mazda Electric Globes   -   30c Each
Columbia Electric Batteries 45c Each
Anderson & Lusby
634 Columbia St. ��� New Westminster
��� ���
Royal City Pork Butchers
(KENNEDY      ROTHERS)
737 Columbia St. 309 Sixth St.
Wholesale and Retail Dealers in All Kinds of
Fresh   and     Home   Cured   Meats.
PorK Pies,   BlacK and  White
Puddings,   Ayrshire  Bacon, Cambridge PorK
_, Sausage
All Kinds of Farm Produce Bought for Cash
NEW WESTMINSTER, B. C.
Phone 219
For Best Values in-
TOall papers
GO TO
Hudson   Decorating   Store
61 Sixth St.     Phone 511
 Papers all Reduced
NOTICE!
IF you want anything in our line don't purchase  until
you get our prices on Pianos, Victrolas, and Edison Diamond Amberolas
We are making Special Prices on  Sewing Machines
for two weeks, from $10 up.     Easy payments if desired
Write us for prices.    It will pay you
J. fl. TODD'S MUSIC HOUSE
New Westmiqster, B. C.
Get yours while the cloth   is O. K.    You  may  be  disappointed with future shipments.
J.   7f.   J&'tchison
Importing Tailor
Spring Showing
Our first showing of	
20th Clothes for Men
are now ready for your inspection
SEE THEM AT
M. J. PHILLIPS, 071 Columbia St
WESTMINSTER TRUST
COMPANY
HEAD OFFICE-NEW WESTMINSTER B. C.    ��
J. J. Jonks, Man.-Dir.        J. A. Rknnib, Sec.-Tres.
OUR BUSINESS
Acts as Assignees, Liquidators and Receivers.
Agents for the Sale of Real Estate.
House and Property Agents.
Insurance in all its Branches in Standard Companies.
Safety Deposit Boxes for Rent, $2.50 and up per annum.
Agent for the Canada Life Assurance Company.
We act as Executor and Trustee under Wills, and  we  will   be
pleased to advise and assist you in drawing up your Will.
Westminster Trust Company 3l3
New Westminster, B.C., April 14, 1916
THE PACIFIC CANADIAN
Page 3
LOCAL AND  GENERAL.
Mrs. W. H. Elson left, on Tuesday,
for London, Ont., on account of the
serious illness, there, of her brother.
There is a growing movement in Canada in favor of some form of conscription, which may materialize in action
soon.
Your friends can buy any thing you
can give them���except your photograph.
Hurndall does fine work at 624 Columbia
St.     Phone 125R.
The Women's Auxiliary of Knox Presbyterian Church, Sapperton, will hold a
concert in the church this evening in aid
of the auxiliary work.
The City Council, at its last meeting,
decided against participation in the advertising scheme put before it by representatives of the Vancouver Rotary Club.
A special meeting of the B. C. Lacrosse Association will be held at the
Russell Hotel, Tuesday next, at 4 p.m.,
when plans for the season will be discussed.
Richard Harding Davis, famous Am-
ican war correspondent and novelist,
died suddenly, Tuesday last, at his home,
Mount Kisco, New York, at the age of
fifty-two.
Two thousand soldiers���the 121st and
131st Battalions at Queen's Park���will
march in the May Day procession, May
5, making an interesting and unique
feature of the celebration.
The final session for this term of the
Senior Literary Society of the High
School will be held this evening at 8
o'clock in the school auditorium. Parents aud interested friends are invited.
Mr. Frank .Major, son of Mr. C. G.
Major, and one of the Royal City's most
popular native sons, has heard the call
of his king and country and this week
joined the ranks of the 131st Battalion
for overseas service.
We are etill doing busine��i at the
old stand. If there is any. Mag We
can do for you in the plumbing, heating or sheet metal line, 'phone 586.
Mannerlng & MacKenzie will give
your needs their immediate attention. *
Joint action is being taken by the City
Councils and Boards of Trade of thiscitv
and Vancouver to protest against the
proposal of the Canadian military authorities to concentrate at Vernon, this
summer, all Mainland troops in training,
instead of leaving them in their present
training quarters until sent to the front.
This week the girl pupils of the city
schools are voting for the young lady who
will have the honor of being crowned
May Queen, at the annual festivities to
be held this year on Friday,' May 5th.
Candidates must be between the ages of
10 and 13 years. Polling will take place
up to Saturday noon next at the Columbian office.
Mr. Justice Irving, Judge of Appeal
Court Court of B. C. for past seven years,
died at Victoria, Sunday, at the age of
59, after an illness of some months. Out
���of respect to his memory, the flags of
court houses throughout the province
���were half-masted. The late Justice Irving is survived by a widow and two sons,
both on active service in France.
The death occurred, on Saturday last,
of Mrs. Daniel Hanna, 1214 Nanaimo
street, aged 80, and a resident of this
city for the past eight years. She leaves
one son, Daniel, meter inspector in the
city waterworks department, and one
daughter, Mrs. Alex. Christie, of this
city. The funeral took place Monday
afternoon, to the Fraser cemetery..
Five sons of Mr. Joseph Savers, 109
Oakland street, have enlisted for active
service. They are: Wilfrid, with the
the Naval Reserves in England; Thomas,
with No. 5 Hospital at Saloniki; Stanley
:and Clarence, with the 131st, and Robert, a High School student, who has
joined the Western Universities' Battalion, now being formed in Vancouver.
The annual meeting of the local branch
of the Auxiliary Bible Society was held
in the Reformed Episcopal Church,
Wednesday evening, Warden J. C.
Brown, of the Dominion penitentiary,
presiding. Dr. John Knox Wright, provincial secretary of the society, and Rev.
Dr. Sanford, principal of Columbian
College, gave addresses, and Miss Eileen
Gilley sang.
On Monday last, in County Court,
Judge Howay dismissed an action of
#1000 damages, brought by Charles and
Mattie Bombard against the B. C. Electric Railway Company. The action arose
out of a collision between the automobile
of the plaintiffs and a Fraser Mills B. C.
E. R. car. The learned judge held that
the plaintiffs had failed to prove negli
gence on the part of the defendant
company.
Premier Bowser, as predicted he would
do, has announced his intention of sidestepping woman suffrage bv submitting
it to a referendum, instead of allowing
his followers to vote for Mr. Place's
bill, which would give the women the
���vote at once. By the Bowser plan they
won't be able to vote for the next Legislature or on the prohibition referendum either. It's a gold brick Mr. Bowser is handing the ladies.
The battle of Verdun, which has passed its fiftieth day and has cost the Germans over a quarter of a million men, is
stillbeing continued intermittently, with
no advantage gained. The Canadians,
who were holding a difficult position at
St. Eloi, near Ypres, are reported to
have been engaged in some very heavy
artillery, rifle, and hand to hand fighting lately, of whicli particulars have not
been received.
The whirlwind campaign for recruits
for the 131st Battalion to bring the unit
up to strength is now in full swing and
the recruiting committees report gratifying response in the city and throughout the Fraser Valley. The canvass of
industrial and mercantile establishments
is being pushed. Recruiting committees
are busy looking up every man whose
name and address is turned in by men of
the battalion as a possible recruit. The
liattalion paradeil through the streets
again this afternoon,
Valuator
Money to Loan
for Sale
Farms
H. A. EASTMAN
Notary Public
Guichon Block, Columbia and MeKenzie Sts.,    NEW WESTMINSTER
The Westminster Symphony Orchestra,
Tuesday evening, gave one of their
popular concerts iu the Opera House, to
a much smaller house than the performance merited. The soloists were Miss
Eileen Maguire, Mr. Emerson Abernethy,
Mr. Oliver Wrenals, of Vancouver, and
Miss Alvina Munn, this city. The accompanists were Miss Vass, Miss Elsie
Alexander, and Mr. Maurice Taylor.
The piano was very kindly loaned by
Mr. J. H. Todd. The proceeds will be
divided between the St. John Ambulance
Voluntary Aid ami the Returned Soldiers'
Fund.
Will Show War Movies.
Sergt. Fred. F. Wells, of the 104th
Regiment, who lost an arm at Ypres last
April, being also gassed, and was taken
prisoner by the Germans and subsequently exchanged, will arrive in this
city next Sunday morning at 10:30. Arrangements are under way to give him a
fitting welcome. The City Council has
authorized Mayor Gray to extend all the
courtesies of the city to Sergt. Wells,
and the Council will meet next Monday
afternoon in order to leave the evening
free to attend the show in the Opera
House, when Wells will lecture. The
104th Regiment will probably march to
the C.P R. depot on Sunday, and the
bands of the 121st and 131st Overseas
Battalions will furnish the music.
The films of Canada's fighting forces,
with the accompanying lecture, will be
given on Monday, Tuesday and Wed-
nesdav evenings of next week, with
matinees on Tuesday aud Wednesday
afternoons.
Tercentenary of Shakespeare.
In connection with the observance of
the tercentenary of the birth and death
of Shakespeare,' in New Westminster, a
lecture will be given in the auditorium
of the Duke of Connaught School, on
the evening of the 19th inst., by Mr. J.
Francis Bursell, F. R. Hist. S., under
the auspices of the Fellowship of Arts.
His Honor Judge Howay will preside.
The lecture, which will be entitled,
"Shakespeare, the man; his home; his
haunts; his friends," will be fully illustrated by lantern slides and will be interspersed with Shakespearen music,
vocal and instrumental. Mrs. Marshall,
Miss E. Gilley, Miss Harris, and Miss
M. P. Cave-Brown-Cave have kindly
promise d to take part in this portion of
the programme. The Society has also
invited the ministers of the various
churches in the city and district to make
some reference to the works and influence of the great poet and dramatist, on
Sunday, the 30th inst., and many have
consented to do this. Announcements
will be made in due course.
POULTRY.
Hens	
Springs 	
Poultry, dressed, young..
Poultry, dressed, hens ...
Ducks, iive weight	
Poultry,  live weight lb..
Geese, each	
VKC,KTAIH,KS.
WHOI.ESAI.K MKAT
Beef, carcass	
Beef, hindquarters,,,.
Heef, foremiarters...,
Pork, per lb....;	
Pork, heavy, per lb...
Veal, No 1, per lb. .
Veal, No. 2, per lb	
l.ive pigs, young	
Grant's
Doughnuts
II A sure - thing bet to
stake against a morning appetite and particularly to - morrow
morning.
IF 15 cents a dozen.
T. H. GRANT
?*^s****************
^���<��x��xkkkkkkk^^<m^-*<^h~:^'**->
OTJJ.SM
^^ I ��s �� r-JTT
f Here  are Wonderful Values  in f
Women's Suits.    All New
Spring Models
COAL
New    Wellington,
Lump, Nut, pea
and Slack
JOSEPH MAVERS
Foot Sixth St.        Phone 105
GARDEN
TOOLS
SHOVELS, SPADES. HOES,
RAKES, TROWELS, SPADING FORKS, GARDEN
 BARROWS	
SPRAYING MATERIALS
Lime, Sulphur and Salt  Mixture,
Black Leaf ' '40,'' Spray Pumps
and Fitting
T. J. TRAPP & CO., Ltd.
Phones:
Store 59       Office 196
Machinery  and   Auto   Dept.   691
...JpZb.UU...
%
This  wonderful  offer  comes  like  a good gift from the clouds. X
Nothing could he more opportune.    Nine women out of ten are X
on the look out for New Spring Suits.    Eight out  of   nine have .��
a leaning towards Suits at what  are termed   "popular  prices." X
Not one out of the nine but wants a  really Good Looking Suit, ��
made of best materials, cut a la mode,   and   perfectly  tailored. ~
The regular prices of these Beautiful Suits are up to $32.50.
On Sale Easter Week
$25.00
i^x��x^~:~x��x~x-W":~x^~:~>^:~:^K">^
���I*
Citv Market.
Good market to-day, in attendance
and supplies. Practically no change in
prices, except in case of onions, which
have advanced from $ 1.50 per sack to
J2.75 to $3. Potatoes in little better demand, at $17 to $20 per ton. Veal and
pork were an average supply, with demand, at quoted prices, considerably in
excess. The first oolichans of the season were on the market, at 10c per lb.
The following prices ruled:
I.
LIMITED
The People's
Grocer
i
*?
4
4
'4
Grass and Glover Seeds
We have a complete stock of No. 1 Government Standard Seed,
the best that money can   buy
Seed Grain
New Victory, B. & K. Garton,  American   Banner,   Swedish  or
Alberta  Oats,   Marquis  Wheat  (the  best  yielder   for
B. Ci),   Golden  Vine Peas,    Beardless    and
Hulless  Barley,    Crompton's   Early,
Minnesota No. 13 and White
Cap Yellow Dent Corn
Sutton's Mangels, Swedes and Carrots. Send us your order
Catalogue mailed on application
Cbe Brackmtm=Ker milling Co., EM.
.   New Westminster,   B. C.
4
4
phones: :���:
Main Store     -     193 and 194 4
Sapperton branch       -      373 4
West End branch      -      650 %
 19c to 22c
 20c to 23c
 24c to 25c
 22c to 24c
 26c to 27c
 21c to 22c
 $1.50 to $2
Potatoes, per ton...: $17 to $20
Potatoes, per sack !)0c to $1
Onions, per sack $2.75 to $3.00
Carrots, per sack ..75c
Turnips, persack : 75c
Cabbage, peril) 'Wc
Beets, per sack. 75c
Parsnips, per sack 75c
FRUIT.
Apples, per box $1 to $1.25
EGGS AND  BUTTER.
Hggs, retail ....30c
Eggs, wholesale 25c to 20c
Butter, dairy, retail 37)��c to 40c
Three Big Stores
of Plenty
x
���f
k
X
X
X
y
i
::
<-
Fraser River Fish Co.
Retail ?re$l> Ji$b
Wholesale Smoked
Sail and Kippered ?i$b
MONK & CRAIG
W.R.Jaynes
 FOR	
Oxy-Acetyleue
Welding and Brazing   ,
Auto and Motor Boat Supplies and Fittings
First Class Machine Work
New Westminster
Phone 275      724 Front St
..lOKctoUKc
 13c
 lie
. ...12c to 14c
 8c to lie
 lie to 16c
 12c to 13c
 $3 to $4.50
���>
TRAVELLERS' DIRECTORY,
For tha busy business man nnd the
travelling public, the following' concise
summary of the railway time table*, giving times of departure, etc., of passenger
trains or trams from this city, will be
convenient  for reference!
B.   C.   ELECTRIC  RATIjWAY.
Westminster Branch (Central Park
Lino���For Vancouver: 5.011 and 5.40 a.m.,
daily except Sunday; 0.00 u.m., dally; 0.20,
0.40 and 6.60 a.m., dally except Sunday;
7.00 a.m., daily, and every twenty minutes
until 11.20 p.m. Last ear, daily, 12.00 midnight.
Fraser Valley Uraneh���For Chllllwack
and way points: 7.20 a.m., daily except
Friday (for Janline only); 0.21) a.m., Friday only, for Mt. Lehman; 9.20 a.m.,
dally, for Chllllwack; 1.40 and 5.05 p.m.,
daily,   for   Chilliwack.
Lulu island Branch���For Vancouver and
Steveston: 7.00 a.m.. daily except Sunday;
9.00 and 11.00 a.m., and 1.00, 3.00 and 5.00
p.m., dally; 6.00 p.m., dally except Sunday; 7.00, 9.00 and 11.00 p.m., dally; 12.30
midnight, dally.
Burnaby Lake Branch���For Vanenuyer:
5.30 and (i.30 a.m., dally except Sunday;
7.30 a.m., dally; S.30 a.m., dally except
Sunday; 8.80 and 11,80 a.m., dally; 12.30
p.m., Saturday only; 1.30 and 8,80 p.m.,
dally; 4.30 p.m., dally except Sunday; 5.30
p.m. dally; O.OO p.m., Sunday only; 0.30
p.m., dally except Sunday; 8.30 and 10.30
p.m., dally.
EASTER
GROCERIES!
Easter Candy Eggs
3 for 5c.    5  for 5c and 40c
per lb.
Easter Chocolate Eggs
2 for 5c, 5c each & 10c each
Easter, Ducks,   Roosters, Etc.
Each 10c,  25c.
Bacon
Finest Sugar  Cured  Back,
per lb. 24c and 28c.
Eggs
per doz. 27 l-2c.
Buttercup Milk
Per 20-ounce  tin   10c.
Royal  Crown  Naptha
Soap
Per  large cake 5c.
Phones 15 and 16
,,Ltd. |
T
?
x
*?
?
?
s
X
%   Crushed Rock, Sand and Gravel, Lime,  Cement, Plas-
| ter, Drain Tile, Etc.
-Dealers  in-
���,   ,	
Forge, House, and Steam  Coal.     Agricultural  Lime
902 Columbia  Street
New Westminster, B. C.
The Cake Palace
Cor. of Sixth and Columbia
When in Town Call at
Quick Lunch-Cafateria Style
Ice Cream Parlor
A. HARDMAN,      -     -     -     Manager
<. ^���������������������0^<^><'����M'<HM��;��'fr��H^<~;..K^^
t
Lime and Sulphur Spray. Blue Stone.
Whale Oil Soap, Etc., at
Ryall's Drug' Store
Phone 57. 701 Columbia Street f Page 4
THE PACIFIC CANADIAN
New Westminster, B.C., April 14, 1916
LOCAL LEGISLATURE.
ter of Mines, Minister of  Public Works,
Minister of Railways, and  President of
��  i        i a~ �� b..���������.;i,ii    the Council.    The two latter do  not  re-
Government Acknowledges Responsibil-  ���fe &ny ^        y dutieg  q{  Minister
ity re Dominion Trust, and Taxpayers Qj ^aiiways being by statute performed
Must Pay���Nine Ministers Provided by the Minister of Public Works, and the
For--A����nt-Gencral Deal Put Through  president never being . paid, as  he  does
not administer a portfolio.
As noted briefly in last issue, the $11,- The Tondon Extravagance.
000,000 (to be exact, $11,301,374) esti- whtn the vote {or the Agent-General's
mates of expenditure for the year be- office was reached, Mr. Place (Nanaimo)'
ginning the first of this month���against thought that an explanation was needed,
an estimated revenue of  only $5,933,015      Premier Bowser stated that the  salary
of the A^ent-General would be increased
Prunes
the
and
and
col-
���were all run through the big Government majority legislative hopper, early
last week, practically as presented, without change, although the small but vigorous Opposition of four, representing
more than half the population of
Province, questioned, -halienged,
protested against many o. the items
votes. There is not space in these
limns to report at length the discussions
in Committee of Supply over many of
the appropriations presented' and put
through by the Government, but the
following, from the proceedings of Monday, the 3rd inst., will serve as an illuminating illustration:
Protection of   Game,
The vote for game protection   (including temporary  salaries,   travelling
from $10,000 to $15,000, which accounted
for the increase in the total vote from
$30,000 to $35,000. The reasons for the
increase were many. In the first place
the Agent-General had left the old office
and moved to Regent street into commodious offices which were a great credit
to the Province. Naturally the man and
the expenses would mean a greater cost.
In the past the Province hail paid Mr.
Turner's income tax, which was 3s. 9d.
in the pound, or nearly one-fifth of his
salary. Sir Richard McBride would pay
his own income tax, something under
i.'6(IO sterling. The expenses of living
in London had increased about seventy-
live per cent, since the war began, so
instead of decreasing the salary there
was every reason for increasing it. Sir
Richard was a striking figure iu London,
not only on account of his being so popular but through his knowing the Province so thoroughly  from boyhood    until
pe'nses aiid incidentals of oflice) was$31,- to-day. No one knew it better than he.
700. This was in addition to $44,000 He had been doing splendid work since
already voted under the head of civil he took oflice, in working for the release
government for the administration of the of interned German ships to place them
Oame Act by a game warden, four clerks in the lumber trade, etc. If he was
and thirty-nine deputy game wardens.       worth anything to British Columbia, he
Mr. Williams urged that the Province was worth $15,000. In the position he
could get along with fewer game ward- occupied, a certain amount of style was
ens. The positions were only useful to necessary, and a certain amount of en-
give jobs to heelers, anyway. tertaining was needed.
Mr. Macdonald called for an entire re- Half Was Not
Told.
Mr. Brewster said the impression from
the Premier's remarks would be that,
after all, this was a modest increase and
the Province was to have a better service. Why did he not take the House
and country into his confidence and say
that this was but one phase of the increase? He did not say that there was
to be a retiring allowance of $6*000 a
year for the retiring Agent-General, a
sum of something like $5,000 as a cash
bonus, and a continuance of tlie allowance at a smaller figure to Mrs, Turner
should she outlive her husband. On
top of this, the Province was called upon
to keep up an establishment which has
cost $199,000 so far as had been voted, a
further sum being voted this session and
a sum of .��60,000 being carried by the
contractors for 30 years at a tremendously big rate of interest (7 1-2 p.c) for
London, so that the Province was sssum-
irtg something like an obligation of one
million dollars before this mortgage fell
due, and an annual amount which would
closely approximate $100,000.
Further Opposition Criticisms.
Mr. Williams dealt with some of the
things that it was claimed Sir Richard
would do as Agent General.  It was no
use saying that he would bring labor or
settlers to the Province, when we were
jS^"  ! I11"'  shipping labor out and settlers were leav-
pu.uuu  in   tie   |     in shoals   It was equaily USeless to
m1 L0;:.S :' talk about bringing capital here. The
investor, especially the British investor,
had been hopelessly skinned aud robbed
iu recent years, and, if capital front the
old country was netded, the soft smoothness of Sir Richard McBride would not
bring it. The Canadian Northern operations might be adduced as a horrible example of what happened to the old country investor.
Mr. Macdonald referred to thcextrava-
gance of erecting a palatial building in
London . No province spent anything like
the amount on its Agent General iu London that British Columbia did, and none
had suffered one lota from following along
business lines and maintaining offices on
a business basis. Ontario paid its Agent
General $6,000 a year, and $3 a day for
expenses; Alberta paid $6000, and Quebec
$6000 with a proviso that the aggregate
of salary and all expenses shall not exceed $11,000. The Agent .General for the
State of Victoria, another McBride, had
just been reappointed for three years at a
salary of .0,500 ($7,500) a year, and he
represented a population over three times
that of British Columbia.
There was no answer to these criticis-
ims, but, of course, the obedient Govern-
ernment  departments  during  the   year  ment majority did what was expected of
$15,000  was voted,   and   for   telephone
service $22,500.    On votes of $25,000 for
temporary   assistance   and   $75,000   for
"miscellaneous, not detailed in estimates," Mr. Williams and Mr. Macdonald protested that the Government should
be able to   estimate   more   closely  what
unforeseen expenditures were  likely   lo
aggregate,    instead   of   taking  a    large
blanket vote which might be  made  use
of   for   any purposes   the   Government
chose.
The  Premier's  explauetion  was   that
there was something turning up  all  the
time for which there  was  no  vote, and
the Government did not want to  ask for
more special warrants   than   were  absolutely necessary.
Mr. Brewster pointed out a payment
to the Colonist  for  printing in   1914-15
which was included under miscellaneous
instead of under the   printing  and publicity vote.
"And right under that is a payment of
$5 for burying a dead horse,"  said   Mr
Williams.    In   the  laughter  which   the
remark brought out  he   hinted   that   a
change of government   might result   in
more dead horses.
Nine Ministers for  Province.
adjustment and reduction iu the outside
service. The only game that game
wardens looked after was political game.
There was no reason why the provincial
police, properly reorganized, should not
look after the duties of game and fire
wardens as well as constables.
The Premier accused Mr. Macdonald
of scolding and of wanting to see the
protection of game wiped out. lie asserted boldly that politics had absolutely
nothing to do with the appointment of
fish and game wardens, the duties of
which office took a peculiar class of men.
Mr. Macdonald said he was, quite content to leave to the judgment of the
House and country who was more addicted to scolding. In what he had said
in this matter he was simply voicing a
growing conviction of the need of retrenchment in this and other branches
of provincial service. If the Province
had a mounted police system, with some
sort of military discipline, there would
be an increase in efficiency and a great
saving in expense both in this branch
of the administration of justice and the
fish, game aud fire wardens.
Taking It Out of the Taxpayers.
The sum of $250,000 was voted to the
Minister of Finance as an advance for
administration purposes on account of
the Dominion Trust Company under the
two guarantee bonds of
Loudon Guarantee & Accid<
and of $200,000 in the Railway Passen
gers' Assurance Co.
The Premier explained, in reply to
Mr. Macdonald, that litigation was going
on over the larger bonds and was near
the point of trial. In the case of the
smaller one, a writ had not yet been issued, but was being considered. The
delay was due to there being not enough
information from the liquidator of the
Dominion Trust. Both bonds applied
only to depositors and beneficiaries of
trust funds in this Province. There were
difficulties as to who were entitled and
on what basis the distribution was to be
made, and this entailed a legal reference. The Province was taking a chance
in securing the fulfilment of these two
bonds, and, if it did not secure the payment of them, the taxpayers of the Province would have to bear the loss of the
quarter-million dollars.
Mr. Macdonald remarked that this in
itself was proof that, even in the opinion
of the Government, it had a serious liability in the failure of the Dominion
Trust Company.
"Miscellaneous" Again.
For telegrams to be sent by the  Gov
Before the House adjourned bills were
introduced respecting the Department of
Agriculture and amending the Constitution Act so as to provide  for  a separate
it aud stolidly voted the appropriations
asked.
Eggs and Retiring Allowances.
The estimates having been railroaded
through, night sessions were discontinued after April 3, and the afternoon
of Tuesday, Aprii 4, registered a considerable slowing down of the legislative
machinery, the principal matters before
the House being: A resolution urging
the passing of legislation by the Dominion Parliament whereby eggs coming
from China or other foreign lands should
be distinctively marked, showing their
origin, when exposed for sale; the
second reading of .he bill providing a
bonus ami retiring allowance for Hon.
J. II. Turner, retiring Agent-General;
and amendments to the Constitution Act,
providing that the duration of future
Legislatures should be five years from
tlie return day named in the election
writs.
Everybody was in favor of labelling
Chinese eggs. With regard to the $5,000
bonus for Mr. Turner, it developed that
this was to liquidate certain London
debts incurred, of which the Government
wouldn't give particulars nor bring
dowu correspondence regarding the
whole McBride-Bowser-Turner ileal, on
the pretext that it was "private and confidential."
The sitting  of   Wednesday,   April  5,
Department of Agriculture, independent was chiefly devoted to a thorough ven-
of that of Finance, with which it has tilation by the Opposition of the appro-
been nearly always connected. priations for the Agent-General's office
There will now be nine Ministers for and the Government's refusal to give
the Province, seven receiving a salary of full information thereon. Among other
$6,000 each in addition to their sessional things, Mr. Brewster pointed out that it
indemnity. These are the Provincial was evidently intended that the Province
Secretary (who has always administered would have to pay income tax as well on
the Department of Education}, Attorney- Mr. Turner's retiring allowances. A
General, Minister of Lands, Minister of division was demanded, and the deal
Finance, Minister of Agriculture, Minis- carried by a straight party vote.
A
Few fruits can boast of higher
food value than Prunes, for they
contain large amounts of Protein
and easily digested sugar. They
are also valuable as a laxative.
They are always in season, and
can be used in a variety of
ways.
Prunes, large size,  per lb 15c
"    per box of 25lbs $2.85
medium size, per lb--12 1-2
per box of 25 lbs $2.65
Smaller .size,  per lb 10c
"    per box of 25^1bs $2.35v
Mission Black Cooking Figs
3 lbs - 25c
Choice Peaches,  3 lbs 25c
Choice Apricots, lb 15c
Table Figs, lb 15c
Table Raisins, 1 lb. pkg.   20c
value 15c
Model Grocery
Matheson & Jacobson
308 Sixth St. Phone 1001-2
East Burnaby, 2nd St. Phone 598
Edmonds, Gray Block     Phone 1111L
Sapperton, Guhr Block     Phone 1012
James & McClughan
PLUMBING
and
HEATING
Auto Tires & Accessories
HARDWARE
New Westminster, B. C.
FRONT and SIXTH Sts.
Phone 302
e\ p p >.
Pacific Meat
Market
Fresh Supplies of Meats
Daily from our Packing
House at Sapperton
Support your home concern
735 Columbia St.
New Westminster, B. G.
WOOD
AND
COAL
at prices that  are   RIGHT
Quality, Quantity and Service  is  our
motto
Phones:   150-732
Belyea & Company, Ltd.
827 Carnarvon Street
Up=to=Date Shoe Repairer
Quick Service and   Best Workmanship Guaranteed
GOODYEAR WELT SYSTEM
65S Clarkson Street
Opp. Court House. New Westminster
Gossard Corsets
Now Made In Canada
The leader in the realm of Lace Front Corsets
The growing demand for Gossard Lace Front
Corsets is owing to the fact that well dressed
women are quick to realize that a well-fitted
Gossard Corset means a perfect figure ���the
foundation for comfort and stylish appearance
in dress. The demand amongst Canadian women
was such that the makers*"iof Gossfrd Corsets
established a Canadian factory, hence lowered
prices on every style of this make. Arrange for
private fitting.
New Dress
Muslins
Some of the most attractive Spring 1916 Wash
Fabrics yet to hand include wide strips in voiles
and creapes, flowered voiles, blue and white
middy suiting, sheer batistes, wide and narrow
pique. To see them is to appreciate their worth
and appearance. Spcial showing Saturday.
W. S COLLISTER^, <& CO.
New Westminster.  B. C.
The Merchants Limited
We beg to announce to the public generally that we
have bought outright the entire stock together with the
fittings and fixtures of
7/fcj(llisiers jCunited
New Westminster, B. C.
We have also acquired the lease to the building recently occupied by that firm and it is our intention to
carry on the business of a department store.
Our buying facilities will enable us to retail goods at
the lowest possible prices, and new merchandise will be
immediately added to the present stock.
Your patronage is solicited for
The Merchants Limited
P. O. Box 933
Westminster  Iron  Works
JOHN  REID,   Proprietor
General Machine Work, Engineering and
Blacksmithing
Manufacturers of Structural and Ornamental Ironwork
Agents for REGAL GASOLINE ENGINES
New Westminster, B. G.
Office and Works:
TENTH STREET
Pioneer Furniture Dealer and Undertaker
Is Doing Business as Usual at the Old Stand
Cor.  McKENZIE and AGNES STS..
New Westminster, B. C.
Fair Dealing, Goods of Quality at Right Prices.     Phone 176
Phone 1198
Phone 1198
(Sorfcon Si Walters
The People's Gash   Store
Special showing of���
Ladies' Suit�� and Stylishly
Trimmed Hats
For the Easter trade.    Make this store your headquarters for Easter shopping
We can show you the best in merchandise.     Our prices right.
50 and 52 Sixth Street

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