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The Pacific Canadian Nov 24, 1916

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Array r~'>v; id*]   hi :.     y    vi -totia,  B. ?.
THE   PACIFIC
Weekly News Digest and Journal of  Observation and Comment.
Vol. I.
NEW WESTMINSTER, B. C, FRIDAY, Nov. 24,   1916.
Number 38
HINTS TO HOUSEKEEPERS.
In these strenuous days of the increased and continually increasing cost of living, when measures, are
being taken in the Old Country to put the nation's
food supply under Government control- as was long
ago done in Germany-and when even the powers that
be at Ottawa are seriously talking about assuming the
responsibility of investigating the high cost of
living in Canada, the universal practice of domestic
economy, which includes getting the best as well as
the most value for one's money, will be conceded to be
a prime duty of the careful housekeeper. In this connection, the maxim that the best is the cheapest, when
it comes to foodstuffs especially, is well exemplified by
the following observations on the subject by a writer
in an Eastern contemporary :
"One of the most pathetic instances of ignorance
and faith mixed together is that of the housekeeper
who buys and uses indifferent supplies, and expects
her husband and children and friends to think that
her culinary products are as healthful and nourishing
and tasty as those of the careful buyer who knows one
cannot get something for nothing. A great deal of
the ill health of our country, and certainly much of
the unhappiness, comes from the ill-advised distribution of the housekeeping funds in many houses.
"The other day, I saw a housekeeper put together
rank, evil-smelling butter, packed eggs, milk on the
point of turning, cheap baking powder, indifferent
flour, and imitation flavoring, and then call on her
family to testify that the cake she produced was delicious. She had the money to buy good materials,
but by skimping a little here and there she was able
to put into her purse a little sum from the housekeeping funds.
"And when it comes to putting up fruits, faith
reaches higher heights than in cake-baking. Women
buy half-spoiled, over-ripe, under-ripe, decayed fruits
because they are cheap, and spend hours separating
the little good from the bad, feeling sure they are
economical and are getting preserves and canned goods
just as good as if they paid a reasonable price for
sound fruit. There are women who would not cheat
any one out of a penny, yet they cheat themselves and
their families into eating trash-yeS, trash-year in
and year out in the interests of economy.
"There was a time when women could plead ignorance of the make-up of all the things that came from
the stores; but nowadays, when there is so much publicity on the subject of pure foods, there is no excuse.
And it is this indifference to the cause of pure foods
that makes it hard for the pioneers in the movement
to accomplish all they would like to do. When a good
woman will buy a a five-cent can of baking powder
that she knows is impure and injurious simply because
she can save something for her private purse, it is hard
to convince the poor and ignorant that they are putting
poison in their mouths by buying unhealthful products. Near our house there is a store made up of
bankrupt stocks from dozens of little country stocks
years old, yet women in society and women with independent means patronize this store quite as freely as
poor women. Things are cheap���there is no denying
that���but the quality is cheap. A woman who bought
a fifteen-cent can of peaches found it contained nothing but juice, and very ancient juice at that; yet,
when her husband pointed out that in these days of
high prices no reputable dealer would advertise first-
class peaches at that price, she refused to be convinced, and continued to look for bargains in canned
goods at that store, after making the merchant refund
the money for the peaches.
"Now, there is nothing in the chemical process of
baking that will transform rancid butter and stale eggs
into wholesome food nor will boiling fruit that is overripe or under-ripe make it healthful to eat. When
\vill women learn that it takes good materials to make
good products, A woman who won an enviable reputation baking cakes and other home products almost
had her trade ruined when a helper slipped in inferior
supplies and sold the good ones. The helper did not
want to ruin the woman's business. She simnly had
faith that baking would make the inferior stuff quite
as good as the first-class articles.
"The best housekeepers recognize the fact that a
fair price must be paid for good materials, so when
they economize they do not begin with the vital foodstuffs they want their families to thrive upon, They
eut down on luxuries and fruits and vegetables out of
season, but what thev do buv they insist must be of
the best. And these ate the women who aie helping
the pure food cause immensely, for they are making it
possible for merchants to can y ihe bes; and most reliable products."
THE GREATEST CANADIAN.
In Government or in Opposition, in peace or in war,
the figure of the grand old chieftain of the Liberal
party of Canada, Sir Wilfrid Laurier, who celebrated
the seventy-fifth anniversary of his birthday on Monday last, easily stands unrivalled as the greatest living
Canadian���as Sir John A. Macdonald, late Conservative chieftain, did before him���and all petty attempts
to tarnish his fame or lessen the all but universal esteem in which he is held, by decrying his oft proved
loyalty and patriotism, only recoil upon the heads of
the miserable and shameless caluminators. The latest
attempt to discredit Sir Wilfrid Laurier, because he
declined to be made a political catspaw to help pull the
Conservative chestnuts out of the Government's Militia Department mismanagement, culminating in the
rsignation of Sir Thos. Tait and the forced retirement
of Sir Sam Hughes, was no exception to the rule.
Speaking at a dinner at the Chateau Laurier, in-
Ottawa, in connection with a convention of Eastern
Ontario Liberals, on Thursday of last week, Sir Wilfrid
Laurier reviewed and justified the course of the Federal Liberal party, under his leadership, from before
and since the war. It had always been his aim and
endeavor, he said (and Canadians generally will bear
him out in that), to unite the different races in Canada, and he hoped that it could at least be said in the
future that he had opened the way for a united Canada. On the policy of a united Canada, he reminded
his hearers, the Liberals had won in 1896, and for fifteen years had governed the country in a way which
would be long remembered. Defeat had come in 1911,
by a coalition of antagonistic elements, which, although victorious, said Sir Wilfrid with a prescient
prophesy already being fulfilled, would prove to be the
undoing of the Conservative party.
Referring to the war, Sir Wilfrid said that Liberals
had considered it to be their duty to assist in the prosecution of the war. It was still their duty to assist
in that great project. War measures introduced bv
the Government had been given ioyal support. There
had been opposition only when the proposals of the
Government could not be reasonably supported. He
instanced the increase of the duty on British goods, a
policy which he said, was both an error and a crime.
This action was contributing to the soaring prices of
commodities. The Government must be compelled to
revise their policy in this respect. If they did not, it
would be so much the worse for the Government and
the country,
Touching on the Borden-Hughes correspondence,
Sir Wilfrid Laurier said that it showed that from the'
start there had been jarring disputations and quarrels
in the Government. It showed that not at any time
had there been a firm hand at the.helm. Under such
circumstances, it was folly for the Canadian people to
expect efficiency. Sir Thomas Tait, chairman of the
National Service Commission, had been compelled to
resign because of this jarring and discord, and on the
very day that Sir Thomas Tait had resigned Sir Robert
Borden had coolly asked him to take part. To have
accepted, Sir Wilfrid declared, would have been to
condone the existing condition of things. As to the
charges that he had not done his duty in recruiting, Sir
Wilfrid said, as everyone is aware, that there was no
truth in them. He had done his duty in the past and
would continue to do it in the future. The pnly thing
that really mattered, he said, was the winning of the
war. That was more important than the triumph of
any political party.
With regard to the announcement by Hon. A, E.
Kemp and Hon. Arthur Meighan, that Parliament
was to be asked for another extension of time, and
that, in the event of a refusal, the responsibility would
be placed on the Liberal party and himself, Sir Wilfrid
said; "I am not afraid of responsibility. I have taken it upon many occasions, but always having in view
the welfare of Canada. The question of responsibility
has no terrors for me, but we shall await the proposals
of the Government: we shal see the 'arguments' they
put forth, and then we will be equal to the responsibility."
The British forces at the Ancre River, on the Somme front, won very striking successes, last week, completely surprising the Germans and taking five or six
thousand prisoners, by the unexpected and rapid advance of the Infantry, following a heavy artillery barrage, and carrying important towns and trench positions in the advance toward Baupame. These successes, there has been every indication since, were but
the prelude to other advances. In the Balkans, on the
Macedonian front, the Allies, including the reorganized
Serbian army, compelled the German-Bulgar forces to
fall back, and recaptured Monastir, though the Roumanians and Russians, who had checked the Teuton advance; are, by latest accounts, again being
hard pressed,
HERE AND THERE.
"Mawsh," says a contemporary, is the term now
used in the United States for political candidates whose
chances of success are considered to be slim. It is
coined from the initial letters of the words "might as
well stay at home." What on this side of the line we
include in the comprehensive classification of "also
rans."
The United States Bureau of Fisheries has recently
again tried the experiment of transferring from G.000
to 8,000 lobsters from the coast of Maine to Puget
Sound. Former attempts to acclimatize the eastern
crustacean on this coast have, it is stated, met with
but poor success. British Columbia will be not a little
interested in the eventual outcome of the experiment,
as the coasts of this Province would furnish a fine field
for similar exploitation.
Over in Vancouver, the Fire Department is agitating for the double platoon system so the firemen may
work in shifts, instead of being continuously on the
job and only having a chance to see their families
about once a week. As a poignant illustration of the
situation, they have resuscitated and locally adapted
this old story, which is good enough to repeat: A
little boy was playing in the road, in danger of getting
run over. A man came along, picked him up, and
said to him in a severe tone : "Sonny, you get along
home or I'll have to spank you." The boy ran home
to his mother and told her about it. ' 'A big man said
he'd spank me,'' he said. ' 'What big man ?'' ' 'That
one that stays here every Wednesday."
Commenting on the recent Presidential and Congressional elections in the United States, a Provincial
paper observes: "The Democratic majority in the
House is very small and a few colds on the Government side of the House might defeat the Government."
That would be impossible under the American system,
where "the Government" is simply the official family
of the President, appointed by him and responsible to
him alone, and without seats in Congress. The President himself, of course, canngt he defeated. He is in
for four years, unless removed by natural death or
assassination ���as three of the Presidents have been���
when the Vice-President succeeds. Administrative
(in other words, Presidential) measures or policies
might, of course, and very often do, suffer defeat from
a hostile House of Representatives or Senate.
The British Columbia Federationist (official Labor
paper of B. C.), which evidently expected nothing
from the Bowser Government, has this suggestion in
its issue of last week : "If Premier Bowser retires
next week and Premier-elect Brewster assumes Government control, the Federationist again suggests that
the first official act of the new Executive Council
should be to 'can' Chief Inspector of Mines Graham, on
the grounds of gross incompetency and inefficiency.
The casualties of the past few weeks in British Columbia mines are increasing at an alarming rate, and no
time should be lost in enforcing existing laws governing the operations of mines." In the same issue the
Federationist has this note m its news columns : "Two
more employees of the Britannia mines have been
killed within the past week. Three-others were seriously injured. These casualties resulted from the
bursting of an air pipe at the portal of the mine, a
piece of the broken pipe swinging round and knocking
down the five men. About all the comment that is
made by the local press is that 'one of the men killed
was an Italian and the other a Frenchman.' * * *
As has already been mentioned by the Federationist,
these mishaps are of not infreqent occurrence at the
Britannia industrial shambles."
On Saturday, Nov. 11, as previously noted, the
Duke of Devonshire, Canada's new Governor-General,
accompanied*by the Duchess of Devonshire and their
two daughters, Lady Maude Louisa Emma Cavendish
and Lady Blanche Katherine Cavendish (the rest of
the family of five daughters and two sons have apparently been left in the Old Country for the present)
arrived by British man-of-war from England at
Halifax, where the Governor - General was at
once sworn it, in the Executive Council Chambers,
before a great assemblage of Government, military,
and naval officials and invited guests. In typical Ottawa winter weather, the viceregal party arrived at
the capital, the following Monday morning, and after
a brief but hearty reception at the Grand Trunk railway station, were whisked away to their new Canadian
home, Rideau Hall, where the Duchess would not be a
stranger, having lived there in the eighties, when her
father, the Marquis of Lansdowne, was Governor-
General of Canada. About one of the first duties
the new Governor-General had to perform at Ottawa,
after he had had a "cold snack," was to look down
the hole that Sir Sam Hughes had been blown out of,
and vise the spicy exchange of compliments between
that bold knight and Sir Robtrt Borden, and release
same ior publication. Pane 2
THE PACIFIC CANADIAN
New Westminster. B.C., Nov. 24, 191b
THE  PACIFIC   CANADIAN
Published   every  Friday from the Offices   761 Carnarvon^Street
New Westminster, H. C, by the Pacific Canadian Printing
& Publishing Co-, LID.
GKO. KENNEDY, - - Editor and Manager
Subscription Prices;-$1.00 per annum [in advance];   50c.���   *����*
months; 25c. for three months; 10c. per month,   5c. per cop>.
Advertising rates on   application
OLIVER ON SUFFRAGE.
Mr. John Oliver, Liberal member-elect for Dewdney, addressed an audience, composed about equally
of men and women, Wednesday night, in St. Stephen's Church, under the auspices of St. Stephen's
Brotherhood, on the question of woman suffrage, with
a view more particularly to the exercise of the franchise in the near future secured to the women of
British Columbia by the referendum submitted to and
approved by the people in the recent general election.
Mr. Oliver, who was introduced by the chairman,
Principal Little, of the Duke of Connaught High
School, after some preliminary remarks of a general
nature on the subject, read from the Woman Suffrage
Act of last session (which he described as one of the
good measures put upon the statute books by Mr.
Bowser), showing that by the act women were given
the right not only to vote but to become members of
the Legislature as well. All that was now required
to bring the act into effect, on March 1st next, the
date set in the act, was the proclamation of the Lieut,-
Governor-in-Council, which would be duly forthcoming.
In going forward to exercise their newly granted
rights, Mr. Oliver said he could assure the ladies
they would find a very receptive and sympathetic
public. The splendid work which women had done in
Canada, including British Columbia, and throughout
the Empire as a whole, in connection with the war, had
opened the minds and hearts of men generally as to
their ability and worth in public service, and the
women of this Province had signally demonstrated
their organizing and executive capacity as well by the
way they had carried out the campaign on behalf of
woman suffrage, which had been so successful..
With these illustrations that women had given of
their capacity for effective patriotic and public-spirited
work, Mr. Oliver continued, there could not be much
doubt that they would worthily exercise the franchise,
and he exhorted women to study the new instrument
for service that had been put into their hands, and to
that end to study and seek to understand the constitution and system of government of the country. It
was an ideal constitution, because it gave us absolutely
self government. If the people understood and intelligently exercised their rights of self government,
they had the power to remedy all grievances and to
have the country governed as they wished. It was
only through ignorance or indifference that we could
be misgoverned. In this connection, Mr. Oliver emphasized the necessity of the men taking steps to cure
their political ignorance and indifference, and asked:
How many of the male electors could get up and talk
intelligently for five minutes on the constitution of
this country���of the Dominion and the Provinces���as
laid down in the B, N. A. Act ? If we would get the
full benefit of the electoral franchise, we must understand our constitution and system of government, and
he believed the women would not be behind the men
in this respect.
Mr. Oliver then touched on some of the stock objections to the possession and exercise of the franchise
by women. It was argued that the married woman
would go as her husband went. Well, he had been
married some thirty years, and he had not always
found it so. (Laughter.) But, granted that the wives
of good husbands would vote as their husbands did���
which would be a good thing what about the wives of
bad husbands -and it must be admitted that there
were such would they vote with their husbands ?
Would they not be much more likely to vote for the
betterment of conditions for their homes and their
children? And what about the women who had no
husbands ? What about the old maids ? (Laughter.)
Why were there so many old maids and old bachelors ?
It was a serious and not a laughing matter, continued
Mr. Oliver. It was all wrong that these things should
be so. An answer to these questions would have to
be found. The social and economic conditions were
wrong that permitted them. He believed that by the
women biinging their reasoning powers to bear with
men in public matters, a solution for some of these
vexed questions, which the men alone had been unable
to solve, would be worked out. And what about the
widows ? And the industrial workers among women ?
Would they not all vote to better the conditions for
themselves, their homes and their families ?
The exercise pf the; fianchise, together with the
study which he believed would go with it of social,
economic, and political conditions and questions, would,
Mr. Oliver said, broaden women's minds.   Even the
A Knife
for the Pocket in Pearl, Ivory, Ebony.
Nickle, Gunnietal or  Buckhorn handles
25c to $2.50 Each
for the Table���Dessert and Dinner size,
Fruit, Butter or Carving���Silver Plated
or Shear Steel, in Metal, Ivory, Celluloid; Ebony, Cocoa or Buckhorn handles
Our Cutlery is Best���Sheffield and
Other Warranted Brands
Anderson   (St  Lusby
634 Columbia St.
Royal City Pork Butchers
(KENNEDY   BROTHERS)
737 Columbia St. 309 Sixth St.
We make a specialty of Cooked Meats.     Our
Properly Cooked Hams, Veal Loaf, Etc.,
are in great demand.
NEW WESTMINSTER, B. C.
Phone 219
most frivolous would sit up and take notice and an interest in bigger things than pink teas and society
functions. It would not only improve and elevate
women, whose natural home-loving instinct would ever
be the ruling motive, but it would improve and purify
public life as well���and the scandals and corruptions
from east to west showed that was badly needed.
Higher standards in public and private life would, he
believed, result, with such betterment of social and
economic conditions as would lead to an improvement
of the race from generation to generation, when, with
the coming in of the perfect man and the perfect wo*
man, he could glimpse���the millenium.
The chairman followed with appreciative remarks
on the address, after which a vote of thanks, moved
by Rev, Robt, Lennie and seconded by Mr, Alex. Menzies, was put and heartily carried.
| PHONES   15 and 16
| GILLEY BROS.,LTD
5  Dealers in	
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X (Brushed Roc*, Sand and   Gravel,   Lime,   6e-
4 ment. Planter, Drain Tile, Etc.
2 Forge, House and Steam Coal,   Agricultural Lime
902 Columbia S reef
I New Westminster, B. C.
I
mmmmmmmmmmmmm
E DISON
mmmmtmmmmmmmmmmmmmmmmmmmmmmmmmmtmmmmmmmmmKmmmmmmmmmmm
Friday and Saturday
Marie Doro
-IN-
"THE   LASH"
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Monday and Tuesday
Valentine   Grant
 IN	
THE DAUGHTER
OF IVTGREGOR
Monday, Tuesday,  Wednesday
Dec. 4, 5, 6
The Battle of
the Somme
EDISON \5\
New Westminster, B.C., Nov. 24, 1916
THE PACIFIC CANADIAN
Page i
LOCAL AND  GENERAL.
^ Donations to the Prisoners of War
Relief Fund for the past week amounted
to ��21.25.
In response to an appeal from Lady
Jellicoe, the local Council of Women are
holding a tag day in the city to-day in
aid of British sailors' relief work.
Pour new members were elected to the
Board of Trade, Tuesday evening, as follows: Messrs. Anthony Sprice, F. T.
Hill, W. H. Stewart, and A. C. Eddy.
The City Council will consider the revision of the wage schedule of all civic
employees as a result of the application
of city firemen for increased pay. A
recommendation may be made to next
year's Council.
The appointment of Mr. J. W. Cunningham as representative of the Board
of Trade ou the advisory committee of
the Returned Soldiers' Association was
confirmed by the Board at its last meeting.
The aged Emperor of Austria-Hungary, Francis Joseph, passed away on
Tuesday last, in his 86th year and the
68th year of his reign. He will be succeeded by his grand-nephew, Archduke
Charles Frederick, 29 years of age.
Mrs. Caroline Beckett, aged 67, died,
on Monday evening, at her home, 313
Third st. She was born in the United
States and had resided for two years in
Surrey municipality, moving to New
Westminster only a short time ago.
Mr. Gordon Thompson, formerly a law
student in the office of Bole & Braden in
this city, has been listed as missing. He
went overseas with the 47th Battalion.
His brother, Councillor Ronald Thompson, of Pitt Meadows, was killediin action recently.
The important consideration of an insurance policy is the payment of claims
in case of loss. Have your policies
placed in the strongest - Companies
through an experienced office, and insure with Alfred W. McLeod, the
Insurance Man.
The Wideawake Club girls gave a successful rendition of the operetta "The
Japanese Girl," in St. Andrew's Lecture
Room, last Saturday evening. It was
given under the direction of Mrs. F. C.
���Fisher, while Miss Peebles took the
leading part.
Next Sunday evening the 33rd anniversary of St. Paul's Reformed Fpiscopal
Church will be observed. Rev. C. E.
Wincott, the rector, will preach a special
anniversary sermon in the evening. The
following Wednesday evening an anniversary social will be held.
James Saul, a resident of New Westminster for nearly a quarter of a century,
was found dead in bed in the Royal City
Hotel, Tuesday morning, heart failure
believed to be the cause. He was aged
about 60 and unmarried. A brother, J.
W. Saul, lives in the city.
Members of the New Westminster
Business Men's Association have decided
to inaugurate the transfer card system
whereby Fraser Valley shoppers in New
Westminster stores wjll be paid their return fare when their purchases in any
pue store amounts to a specified sum.
^n exhibition soccer match for patriotic purposes will be played on Queen's
Park pyal on Saturday afternoon between
a team from tjre 225th Battalion and a
civilian team made up of many of the
Westmlnster-Coquitlam soccer players
who are still in the game here. The
game will commence at 2:30 p.m.
A special niusfoal service was given in
St. Andrew's Presbyterian Church, last
Svnday evening, the choir being assisted
by Mr. Emerson Abernethy, baritone, of
Vancouver, who sang two sojos. Others
on' tire'programme were Messrs. Graham
and McKellar and Misses Wilson and
Vass, Mr. Maurice Taylor presided at
the organ,
The honor roll of the Sons of England
Lodge, containing twenty-five names of
members who have ioined the colors was
formally unveiled, Tuesday evening, at
a whist drive and dance given in Odd
Fellows' Hall. Lieut.-Col. McKay, officer commanding the 225th Battalion,
officiated at this ceremony. There was
a large attendance.
On Tuesday of last week, there passed
away at Princeton, a fopner well known
fesideut of this city and district, Mr.
James M. Wright, editor and proprietor
for some years of the Similkameen Star,
pf Princeton, and before that connected
in various capacities with the press oi
the coasf. Mr. Wright, who was married at Princeton, leaves a widow and
one son.
The Dewdney Conservative Association
Have unanjiiiqusly selected W. J. Man-
non, the late defeated member, to contest
the seat in the Conservative interest, in
the event of Mr. John Oliver coming
back for re-election as a result of acceptavit*! a portfolio in the llrewster Government, "Uewdnoy 11)11" wants a real
good licking.
A wire was received from Ottawa,
Tuesday morning, announcing that William O'Brien Keary, youngest son of
ex-Mavor W. H. Keary, oil tn<s city,
now of Armstrong and Reeve of Spallumcheen municipality, was killed in action Nov. 13. He was a driver with the
46th Battery Canadian Eield Artillery,
and was a native son of the Royal City
and aged -21.    -
The need of better transportation for
C. N. R. employees from Port Mann
who are living in this city was discussed
at the Board of Trade meeting, Tuesday
evening. At present some thirty-five
men work at Port Mann and live iu New
Westminster, and when the Port Mann
car shops open it is expected there will
be many more. The question will be
investigated.
On Mondiy, the local Liberal Association sent the following telegram tp the
Right Hon. Sir Wilfrid Laurier, on the
occasion of the 75th anniversary of bis
birthday. "Nov. 20, 1916. To the Right
Hon. ��ir Wilfrid Laurier. The New
Westminster Liberal Association extend
birthday greetings and tlitir grateful appreciation of your distinguished services
[if Canada, R. C, McDonald, president."
That proper care on the part of property owners wovld greatly reduce British
Columbia's annual fire loss, which is
much larger than in other parts of
America, and nearly twenty times greater than in Europe, is the opinion of Mr.
A. W. McLeod, local fire insurance expert, who points out that this is the
surest way to secure a reduction in rates.
The proper protection of heating apparatus and prevention of the accumulation
of inflammable rubbish was  emphasized.
Mr. William McDermott, for many
years a resident of East Burnaby, and
one of the first Councillors of Burnaby
municipality, died, Saturday evening
last, at the Royal Columbian Hospital,
this city, aged 78 years. The late Mr.
McDermott was for twenty-one years a
member of the 2nd Scottish Black Watch
and spent several years in India. He
was a lifelong member of the Orange
Lodge and an adherent of the Presbyterian Church. He leaves, besides his
widow one daughter, Miss Margaret B.
McDeflnott, stenographer at the Burnaby
municipal hall. The funeral was held
Tuesday afternoon, when a detachment
of the 104th Regiment acted as a firing
squad.
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Royal Columbian Hospital.
The board of management of the Royal Columbian Hospital, at a meeting held
Monday afternoon, confirmed the appointments made tentatively at a meeting last week, Miss Kate Stott having
accepted the position of assistant superintendent. The full stall now is as follows: Superintendent, Miss Gertrude
Sinclair; assistant, Miss Kale Stott; head
of maternity department, Miss McAllister; surgisal nurse, Miss McCue; dietitian, Miss I'otter. Tliey will assume
their new duties on December 1. All are
graduates of the Royal Columbian Hospital.
At a meeting of the Women's Auxiliary of the Royal Columbian Hospital,
Monday afternoon, it was decided to hold
a dance on the evening of Dec. 6 in one
of the wings of the hospital building.
The orchestra of the 225th Battalion will
be asked to furnish the music.
Jury Blames Driver.
The coroner's jury in the case of the
North Arm bridge tragedy of Nov. 11,
when a loaded auto went through the
open draw, found that the nine victims,
including the driver, came to their deaths
through the negligence of the driver,
Geo. C. Smith, and added the following
recommendations:
"We recommend that the gates be removed to a distance of not less than 200
feet each way from their present position, with a red light attached at each
end, in the centre of the road.
"We further recommend that all drivers of automobiles carrying passengers
be compelled to undergo a rigid examination by capable men before being granted a license in any part of the Trovince
of British Colambia and that no passenger car be allowed to earn any more
people than its seating capacity."
Death oC Mrs. A. M. Herrine,
The deatii occurred, on Friday last, in
this city, of one of tlie best known
pioneers of the city and Province, Mrs,
A. M. Herring, wife of Mr. A. M, Herring, a pioneer druggist of New Westminster,
Mrs. Herring, who was born in Ping-
land; came to New Westminster in 1874.
She taught school at the old Hudson's
Bay post at Fort Langley in the early
days. She was associate editor of "The
Commonwealth," in the interests of women, and for some time a correspondent
of the Toronto ' 'Globe.'' She was tl\e
author of ^ large number pf short stories,
while among the better known books
written by her are "Canadian Camp
Life," "Among the People of British
Columbia," "In the Pathless West,"
"Nan." "Other Pioneer Women of the
West," "Ena in England" and "Ena
in Hawaii."
The late Mrs. Herring is survived by
her husband, and leaves besides three
sons and one daughter: Dr. Arthur
Herring, of Chicago; Sidney, at Pitt
Meadows; Victor, overseas, with the
131sWBattalion; and M,rs. (D,r.) Q. T.
Wilson, of this cify,
The funeral was' held Tuesday at 2:30
p.hi., from the residence, 1117 Hamilton
St., to Holy Trinity Cathedral and thence
to the Church of England cemetery ^t
Sapperton,
Change of Government.
It's Premier Brewster now. He was
sworn in, immediately following the resignation of Premier Bowser, yesterday
afternoon���whicli in turn followed the
official declaration o( the result of the
recent Provincial general election by the
Deputy Provincial Secretary, the Agent-
General's certificate of the overseas soldiers' vote having at last arrived from
London. Mr. Hrewster will announce
his Cabinet early next week. In the
meantime, Mr, Brewster is the Government of British Columbia���tne first Liberal Government of the same.
Reception and Banquet.
Arrangements are all complete (or the
reception and banquet at the Hotel Russell, to-morrow night, in honor of David
Whiteside, M. P. P., to begin with the
public reception in the rotunda at 7
o'clock, to which all are invited. At the
banquet, in the (lining room of the hotel,
Aid. Jardine, toastmaster, will give
"The King," to be honored in the usual
way. Proposers of and responders to
other toasts will be: Aid. McAdam, Col.
McKay; L. B. Lusbv, Mayor Gray; R.
C. McDonald, David Whiteside, M.p.P.;
J. G. Robson, Premier Brewster and
John Oliver- R. C. Higgins, Mrs. J, R,
Gilley. A good orchestra apd gongs will
en|iven the proceedings,
Alderman Bryson, to u.^e a Rooseveltlan
expression, has thrown his hat iu the
Mayoralty ring, to relieve the majestic
loneliness of Aid. Eastman's head-gear.
This will insure an interesting and illuminating civic campaign, eveu if the
worthy Aldermen don't talk through
their hats���and there may be others.
The People's   |
Grocer        |
PHONES: 4
A
Main Store - 193 and 194 $
Sapperton branch - 373 %
West End branch       -       650 '!*
I
Three Big Stores       |
of  Plenty ��
These New
BILLIE BURKE!
Dresses
Depict New York's Latest  Style jj
Creations
Cooking
Pears
Tlie hist of the season. If
you have missed canning
pears this season, don't miss
this opportunity. Special
price, per box
S1.00
$ Heinz Apple Butter; reg. 25c  X
X seller.     Special .15c  |
% Armour's Condensed   Mince  $
Y  Meat in pails; each 50c   X
�� By the addition of water or X
\ cider there is enough in these x
X  pails to make eight pies. $
�� Robbie  Burns Shortcake, per .��
4 tin 35c |
���?  Robbie Burns Shortbread, per  ��
6  tin   50c  |
!*' Emit Cake, 1 lb. tins, each 35 |
|  Plum   Puddings,    l'-lb.   tin,   *
X each 35c
These articles  are   specially  '��
packed for overseas. y
f Nutri Ox, 16-ounce jars $
% eacli ....... $1,00   "
S
These are shown in a charming selection of styles; daintily trimmed
with touches of wool embroidered
with tinselled effects; satin and silk-
poplin collars and cuffs; the shades
included are new burgandy, nigger,
blue, navy, black, etc.: in sizes for
misses and women. The prices
range from
$15.00
to
$27.00
��X"X~x~>:~>:��;��friMifr.:. ��������������
\
���~'.~'yjSr'.~'y."'r^
' ���       in
LIMITED ��
D BLACK and
BLUE
With   our   Chemical    Dye.   A
More permanent than pack-   ^
age dykes.    Just in at ���
H. Ryall
Druggist  and   Optician
-,-    NEW WESTMINSTER, B. C.
S
ROYAL THEATRE ������ Dfl;j
THE DISTINGUISHED ACTOR
William Feversham in
THE  RIGHT  OF   WAY
Monday and Tuesday
FRANCIS X. BUSHMAN
WOOD
AND
COAL
at prices  that  are   RIGHT
Quality, Quantity and Service  is  our
motto
Phones:   150-732
Belyea $ Company, Ltd.
827 Carnarvon Street
���IN���
"A MILLION A MINUTE"
Under the   Auspices of
104th Chapter I. 0. D. E.
City  Market.
The B. C. E. R. market train not getting in till ahout 10:30 to-day, considerably delaved heavy trading ou the market. Up to that time, with a good attendance and a representative lot of produce, prices were about the same generally as last week. Eggs were selling at
65c to 7Uc per do/.., and butter, accords
ing to quality, all the wav from 40c to
50c per lb. Potatoes were firm at ,$27
per ton and 5(1.35 to Ski,50 per sack.
There was a fine (ot of apples, at last
week's prices,
The Mission City Liberals will banquet "Honest John," at the Matsqui
Hotel, Thursday next, Nov, 30, at 9 p.m.
Hon, A, E. Kemp, Minister without
portfolio In the llordeu Government, succeeds Sir Sam Hughes as Minister of
Militia. He will be a stricrly civilian
head to the Canadian war oflice.
A patriotic benefit, under the auspices
of the 104th Chapter, I. O. D. E , will
be given in the Royal Theatre, on Monday and Tuesday next The attraction
will be Francis X. Bushman in "A Million a Minute."
Phono    498
Let us help   you   to
Protect Your Property
From Fire
by  writing   Insurance   in   sound,
reliable Companies.
Wm. McAdam
Room 1, Hart Block
A
THERMOS
BOTTLE
Will keep your tea or coffee
warm and you will enjoy
your lunch.
We can sell you Thermos
Dottles aud Euncli Kits.
T. J. TRAPP & CO., Ltd.
Phones:
Store 59       Office 196
Machinery  anil   Auto  Dept.   691
Valuator   Money tn Loan   Farms
for Sale
H. A. HASTEN
Not ry Public
Guichon Block, Columbia and MeKenzie Sts.,    NRW VJfSTMIHSTER
COAL
New    Wellington,
Lump, Nut, pea
and SlacK
JOSEPH MAVERS
Foot Sixth St. Phone 105 Page 4
THE PACIFIC CANADIAN
New Westminster. B.C., Nov. 24, 1916
THE CITY COUNCIL.
The Island is suffering at present from
verv serious invasion of hordes of
'dusky horned owls." This is a calamity the gravity of which mav not haye
Curfew Must RlnK Again, Says Correspondent-Big Saving by New Electric System-Columbia St., Sapperton, to be Macadamized.
While the City Fathers are kept pretty
busy all the time with committee meetings and extra sessions of various sorts,
the business before the regular weekly
Council meeting, last Monday night, was  scribed as Huns of the bird tribe.
The big dusky horned owl   is   one
not up to the average in extent or time
consuming properties. Nevertheless,
several matters of considerable importance were brought up in communications,
reports, etc., and were dealt with.
Among other things, an urgent recpiest
was made by a correspondent (or the re-
establishment of the curfew ordinance.
An interesting and important rtport was   Unown big game hunter  and   naturalist
been' sufficiently realized either by the
sportsmen of the Island or the game
wardens. Following the severe weather
of last winter, which threatened to exterminate the pheasants and quail, but
for the measures taken to feed the birds
wherever it was possible, comes a devastating army of  what   may truly be   de-
��f
the very few birds which does not do as
much good as he does harm, and has no
redeeming virtue. He has no taste for
vermin, such as his lesser cousins of the
owl tribe are fond of, and his favorite
victim is the cock pheasant. That he is
here in his thousands is the positive
statement   of Mr. W. Burton, the   well
presented by the Light Committee
showing a great saving in the cost of
street lighting by the installation of the
nitrogen instead of the arc system.
Other important items of business were
the resolution to macadamize Columbia
st., from Brunette st., to the Royal Columbian Hospital, and tbe decision of
the Council to take steps to look into the
burden of local improvement taxes on
Second and other streets.
Communications.
There were onlv three communications, as follows.
From the Department of Marine and
Fisheries, iu reply to tbe protest from
this city against the removing of the
lightship at the sandheads, stating that
the Department was not aware of any
proposal to remove the lightship from its
present position .    Received and filed.
From Wm. F. McLean, calling attention to alleged   mischievous behavior  of
who has made birds his  lift
is   probably   more   familiar
of this city
study, and
with the habits and characteristics of the
birds of this Province than any other
man. Mr. Burton h.-is shot some of the
marauders himself and dissected them,
and in every case the post-inortem has
proved that birds aud nothing else have
formed the diet of tbe "monsters."
Within the last mouth no fewer than
il of tile pirates have been killed on a
few acres of the Oak Bav golf links,
and, where the pheasants were formerly
seen in nunibeis by the players on the
links, there are now no birds to be found
at all, not even with the aid of a good
dog.
The cock pheasant falls an easy prey
to the big owl by reason of his very incautious habit of making a great noise to
proclaim his retiring to the roost. The
owl is all ears at the pheasants' roosting
time and easily locates the  spot  chosen
boys and girls on the streets after hours,   for phasianus torquatus for   his   resting
place for the night. He then quietly
flits to the side of his prey, and, having
claws like an eagle, the rest is tragically
simple.
There was formerely a bounty on these
birds' heads, but it has  been   removed,
and urging that  a  curfew ordinance   be
again enforced.
On motion of Aid. Ooulet and |ohn-
ston, the communication was refeired t"
the Police Committee to see what could
be done.
From the City Engineer, with   certili-  and Mr. Burton suggests that, in view of
cate for $1,653.99 in favor of the Columbia Bitulithic Paving Co. Ordered paid.
Reports.
The Light Committee reported, recommending that application for street light
on Essex and Cumberland sts. be not
granted, but that a light of greater power be placed at corner of 8th ave
Cumberland St., instead.    Adopte
the fact that this is the worst visitation
of these pests that has occurred in his
recollection, unless the game is to be exterminated completely���and it is already
very scarce���the bounty might well be
replaced, It is also suggested that here
is a field for practical activity by the
lml game warden's deputies, Unlike many
of their genus, these owls do not confine
their depredations to night-time, but are
Aid. Eastman, chairman of the   Light ���     .    ,        ,,,.,. , ,,   ���
Committee, presented a  report from the   .> be seen in broad daylight, one of their
City Electrician, stating that the change
m street lighting  lrom the   arc   to   the
nitrogen system had now been completed, the city being the first on tbe Pacific
Coast to make this exclusive change.
Under the arc system, the cost per year
was $12 244.77, and under the nitrogen
system $4,673.07, a difference of $7,571,-
70, of which the saving in current alone
amounted to $5,024.12. The amount of
current used under the arc system was
662,862 K.W. hours, and under the nitrogen system 260.132 K. W. hours.
Other savings were in cost of carbons,
trimmers' wages (two being dispensed
with), etc.     Report adopted.
Aid. Johnston reported that the Insurance Committee had met on the 17th
inst., with Mr. A. W. McLeod. and had
considered several matters in the schedule with a view to some alterations
when the schedule would be reprinted.
The committee recommended placing
$900 insurance on the Light Department
��ruck, and asked for further time for additional report.    Adopted.
Aid. Dodd, chairman of the Police
Committee, reported that a transportation company wanted permission to establish an office in rear of Central Hotel
and also to stand motors on Alexander
st. Permission granted to first request;
second referred to Police Committee to
act.
Aid. Jardine, chairman of the Board of
Works, reported that there was the sum
of $2,500 available out of money voted
in 1913 for general street improvements,
and recommended that this sum
favorite grounds being on the rocky
places in the pheasant coverts, In the
present scarcity of game, sportsmen
might do worse than spend some of their
time hunting and destroying the pests,
while the younger generation of gunners
might find additional zest added to the
hunting of owls when they are told that
the local Chinese purchase the dead owls
readily for the price of from 35 to 50
cents each. It is also suggested that it
might be possible to relax the regulations forbidding the use of firearms in
the municipalities so far as the shooting
of owls is concerned. One of the districts to be most severely stricken with
the pest is the Uplauds subdivision,
which has hitherto been one of the finest
sanctuaries in this part of the Island for
the pheasants, where they multiplied undisturbed, and had become extremely
numerous.
It is necessary to take action without
delay, as the situation is undoubtedly
very serious, and, at the present rate of
damage to the stock of pheasants, there
will have to be a fresh stock of birds imported next season if there is to be any
pheasant shooting at all in years to
come.
The birds are likely to stay here until
February, They are early breeders,
their nesting time being in February and
March, and they have never been known
to breed here. They will leave for their
breeding grounds on the mainland at the
season, and between now and then they
have the opportunity to inflict irretrievable damage unless drastic measures are
pended to macadamize Columbia st.   be-   taken to combat the plague
tween Brunette st. and the Royal Colum- __^_______
bian Hospital.   -Adopted.
Aid. McAdam, chairman of the Library
Committee, reported, recommending
that the purchase of books, etc ,   be   di
city, and, on motion, the chairman of
the Library Committee was empowered
to act accordingly.
New Business.
Aid. Goulet stated that a Mr. Dau-
phinee complained that he paid more
local improvement taxes at the corner of
Socond si. and Fifth ave. than was paid
on the lot on the opposite side of the
street. Aid. Ooulet, therefore, moved,
seconded by Aid. Johnston, that the City
Engineer and Assessor look into the
matter and ascertain if any irregularity
existed in assessments for locai improvements, and report.    Carried.
Aid. Jardine at this juncture brought
up the question of tbe burden of local
improvement taxes on Second and other
streets, aud suggested a meeting with
the property holders to consider the
matter.
His Worship the Mayor pointed out
that it would be necessary for the Council to confer on the matter first, and a
meeting of the Council, in Committee of
the Whole, to consider the question, was
arranged for this (Friday) evening at 8
o'clock.
The Council then adjourned.
THE OWL NUISANCE.
Great Horned Owls That Were Lately
Preying on Royal Oity Poultry, Now
Exterminating Vancouver Island
Pheasants.
The great horned owls that made their
unwelcome presence very manifest in the rounding up these bears unless they pro
poultry yards of this vicinity, some weeks
ago, have, according to recent Victoria
advices, turned their attention lately to
devastating the game preserves of Vancouver Island, with a particular penchant
for cock pheasants.     The   work   of   the
cure big game licenses.    Will the
ers of such licenses lend a hand?'
hold-
Voters' List Revision.
All of the objections, 101  in   number,
that were filed by the   local Liberal As-
feathered marauders is thus described in   SOciation on the Westminster voters' list
a Victoria despatch : v. ere sustained at tlie semi-annual court
of revision conducted by Registrar of
Votes F. C. Campbell, on Monday. The
majority of the objections filed were
"ceasing to reside" in the riding for the
past six months. Three objections were
filed by a Conservative, and on this list
one was sustained and the other two retained.
On the Dewdney list 405 objections
were filed for being absent and 31 as
dead. Of the latter, three were not sustained, as it was learned that two of
them were soldiers. Of those objected
to as being absent, 53 were not sustained. The majority of those that were
objected to, on the absent list, were
made by members of the Conservative
party in Dewdney.
Bear Hunters Wanted.
Cowichan would appear to be a regular
howling   wilderness"   for   big   game,
vided among the several stattofiers in the  This was the home   of   the  man-eating
cougar who tried to chew up two children, some weeks ago, but he met his
match and bis death  shortly afterwards.
According to the Leader, a Mr. Rowland Dunning and his young son have
been having adventures with wolves,
bears and deer, and holders of big game
licenses are given the Macedonian cry to
come over and help the Cowichan people
clear out some of the inconveniently
plentiful denizens of the forest.
After mentioning that Mr. Dunning
had recently chased a timber wolf off his
premises, the Leader relates that he and
his son Ernest, aged 14, while walking
along the Island Highway, one night recently, saw three bears in the bright
moonlight, which walked towards them
and followed them until near a neighbor's house, where they procured a gun,
when tliey hunted the bears, but without success. An animal which they af-
terwards heard running down the road
towards them proved to be a deer. i
Bears have been seen in this vicinity
frequently, says the Leader, which adds:
"Residents iu this locality would welcome the dispersal of these animals. It
is not that tbey are dangerous and will
attack people, but their presence may
very easily prove the source of a very
serious accident to travellers with horses,
to ladies or to children. There are quite
a number of children iu the district, So-
nienos school being not far away. Holders oflbe ordinary gun license are not
allowed to shoot bear. Under the circumstances,   they   are   prevented   from
COOKING
EGGS
The demand for our cooking
eggs is increasing daily. Customers that try (hem once
jjenerally come back for more.
Per doz  40c
Canned Tomatoes, the large
size tin 15c
Canned Corn,  2 tins 25c
Canned Peas,   2 tins 25c
White Swan Naptha Soap, 5
cakes  25c
Old Dutch Cleanser, 3 tins 25
Canadian Sardines, per tin 5c
Rolled Oats, large drums,
each [for 25c
Dill Pickles, doz 15c
B. C. or Buttercup Milk, 20
ounce tins 10c
Jackson's Floor Wax, tins
 ���������^25c, 40c, 60c
Monarch Bread Flour, 49-lb.
bag  $2.50
Model Grocery
Matheson & Jacobson
308 Sixth St. Phone 1001-2
East Burnaby, 2nd St. Phone 598
Edmonds, Gray Block Phone 1111L
Sapperton, Guhr Block Phone 1012
A SPLENDID ARRAY OF
XMAS HANDKERCHIEFS
It is the early buyer who will secure the choice she desires. Conditions are such that we cannot expect to repeat any numbers
which may be early sold out. This store has always featured an
extensive range of handkerchiefs. This year's showing we consider the best of any we have yet featured. A variety of popular
priced styles in Crepe, Silk, Lawn, Linen,   Batiste,   Soisette;   etc.
Each 5c to   $5.00
LINEN HANDKERCHIEF CENTRES
Sizes 7, 9, IO, 11 Inches
Two shipments received bringing long delayed grades of White
Linen centres, so much in demand for using witli tatting or crochet edgings.    Each 20c and 25c
White Cashmere Hose 75c Per Pair
Sizes 8 1-2, 9, 9 1-2. 10, in White Cashmere  Hose,  just received.
Per pair 75c
W. S. CoMster & Co.
The Store  for Women's Wear
P. O. Box 933
Westminster  Iron  Works
JOHN  REID,   Proprietor
General Machine Work, Engineering  and
Blacksmithing
Manufacturers of  Structural and Ornamental Ironwork
Agents for  REGAL, GASOLINE ENGINES
Sh'���   New Westminster, B, C.
James & Mclughan
PLUMBING
and
HEATING
Auto Tires & Accessories
HARDWARE
New Westminster, B. C.
Front and Sixth Sts.     Phone 302
Let Us Do It?
You  needn't   do   your   own
Washing or send it to a
Chinaman
The Royal City Laundry
(White Labor Only)
will do it for you.
PHONE 183.      814 ROYAL AVE.
Co Sttbegtorg
THOSE  WHO,   FROM  TIME TO TIME,   HAVE  FUNDS   REQUIRING
INVESTMENT,   MAY  PURCHASE AT PAR
DOMINION OF CANADA DEBENTURE STOCK
IN  SUMS OF  $500  OR ANY  MULTIPLE  THEREOF.
Principal repayable 1st October, 1919.
Interest payable half-yearly, 1st April and 1st October by cheque (free
of exchange at any chartered Bank in Canada) at the rate of five per cent
per annum from the date of purchase.
Holders of this stock will have the privilege of surrendering at par and
accrued interest, as the equivalent of cash, in payment of any allotment
made under any future war loan issue in Canada other than an issue of
Treasury Bills or other like short date security.
Proceeds of this stock are for war purposes only.
A commission of one-quarter of one per cent will be allowed to recognized bond and stock brokers on allotments made in respect of applications
for this stock which bear their stamp.
For application forms apply to the Peputy Minister of Finance, Ottawa.
DEPARTMENT OF PINANCB, OTTAWA,
OCTOBER 7th, 1916.
THE HOME OF THE VICTROLA & EDISON
Thousands of Records, all the latest, to select
from. A large stock of Victrolas; every style and
finish. Comfortable parlors to see and hear them.
The same privacy and convenience as though in
your own home. A small cash payment, balance
easy terms, makes you the owner of one.
Pianos Sewing machines Organs
J. H. TODD'S MUSIC HOUSE
521 Columbia St.,
New Westminster, B. C.

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