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The Pacific Canadian Feb 16, 1917

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Array Provincial Library, Victoria, B.J
W
THE   PACIFIC
Weekly News Digest and Journal of  Observation and Qbmment.
Vol. I.
NEW WESTMINSTER, B. C, FRIDAY, Feb. 16,  1917.
Number 50
VOLUNTARISM VS. COMPULSION.
While there is much to be said for the voluntary
principle of military service, which has seemed to be
more in accord with free, democratic institutions and
the genius of the Anglo-Saxon peoples than any form
of compulsion, the fierce crucible of the present unprecedented war is putting that principle to perhaps
the severest test that it has yet faced, with the result
that it has measurably broken down as the ultimate
means of mobolizing the manhood of the nation in an
extreme crisis such as that which is upon us.
In the emergency on a lesser scale which confronted
the people of the United States in their great internecine struggle, a little over half a century ago, the draft
had finally to be resorted to to save the Union, In the
present war, even before it has reached its climax, the
compulsory principle has had to be invoked in Great
Britain, the home and motherland of free institutions,
to supplement the very large voluntary response, and
we have come in Canada, however reluctantly and
haltingly, to recognize the necessity for the adoption of
similar measures in the immediate future. It is significant, in this connection, to observe that our American neighbors have definitely failed in their recent
"preparedness" efforts to appreciably augment their
military and naval forces by an appeal for voluntary
enlistment, and are now talking seriously, in view of
a possible early participation in the world war, of the
necessity of resorting at the outset to some form of
compulsion.
Without going at length into a discussion as to
whether universal compulsory military service, as in
the republic of Switzerland (not the brutal, aggressive
German militarism, but the rational course of military
training and discipline prescribed for every youth so
that he may be fitted to rally to his country's defence
at need) is not after all fairer and more democratic
than a system which invites the relatively few to sacrifice themselves for the many and puts a premium on
the slacker and shirker, there can be no question at
all that, in an emergency such as the Empire is faced
with at the present time, where everything worth
mentioning is at stake, and voluntarism, as administered, has only been able to carry us a certain length,
we must, without unnecessary loss of time, provide
for better administration or changed system, or both.
To introduce the compulsory principle, it is not
necessary as some seem to assume, for the Government of Canada to seek new powers from either the
people or Parliament. It has in The Militia Act all the
powers it requires. The framers of that act apparently contemplated and provided for every emergency.
In the interpretation clauses of the Act the word
"emergency" itself is thus defined as meaning "war,
invasion, riot, or insurrection, real or apprehended,"
and section 26 provides that, "When men are required
to organize or complete a corps at any time, either for
training or for emergency, and enough menl do not
volunteer to complete the quota required, the men required to serve shall be drafted by ballot."
Section 4 of the Act practically constitutes   the
Militia of Canada, subject to the Dominion Government and Parliament, of course, as part of the forces
of the Empire, in the last resort.   "The command in
chief of the Militia," it proceeds, "is declared to continue and be vested in the King, and shall be exercised
and administered by His Majesty or by the Governor-
General as his representative."    Other sections provide that all male inhabitants of  eighteen years  and
upwards, and under sixty, being British subjects, shall
be liable for service in the Militia and may  be raised
by voluntary enlistment or  by ballot; while in a supreme emergency the Government  (which   in   every
case, means, of course, the  Governor-in-Council   in
other words, the Government) "may require all male
Inhabitants capa ble of bearing arms to serve   in   the
case of a levee en masse."   The exceptions of those
liable to regular Militia service include  Dominion and
Provincial Ministers   and   Deputy  Ministers, judges,
ministers of religion, wardens of prisons and asylums,
college professors and teachers in   religious   orders,
revenue collectors, policemen and firemen,   telegraph
clerks employed, pilots during navigation season, sole
support of widowed mother,   disabled  persons, "and
those having religious scruples against  bearing arms')
under certain prescribed conditions.
Section 29 contains the provision under which the
Militia of Canada may be called upon to serve outside
of Canada, and would appear to give sufficient discretionary power to the Government as to include service
on the battle front in Europe as for the defence of
Canada. "The Governor-in-Council," it declares,
may place the Militia or any part thereof on active service any where in Canada, and also beyond Canada,
for the defence thereof, at any time when it appears
advisable so to do by reason of emergency." Section
15 classifies the Militia according to age, etc., and provides the order in which they shall be called upon to
serve, when necessary, as follows: ,	
FREEDOM OP THE PRESS.
A question round which many heated controversies
have raged in the past, which has been the storm
centre of not a few history-making episodes in the
evolution of representative government and free
institutions in Great Britain and her world wide Dominions especially, came up by a sort of side wind at
the meeting of the City School Board, last week,
according to the daily press, on the suggestion apparently of the propriety or otherwise of excluding
representatives of the press from certain meetings of
the Boards -Committee of the Whole meetings, as we
understand it, the press being freely admitted without,
objection to the ordinary meetings of the Board.
Opinion would appear to have been pretty evenly
divided among the seven members of the School
Board, nearly all of whom took part in the discussion
at the last meeting, which, on motion of Trustee Bole,
was laid over until the next regular meeting of the
Board, next month, when presumably it will be thoroughly threshed out and a decision arrived at. To a
better understanding of the question as discussed so
far by the Board, a brief resume of the views of
different' members of that body, as credited to them
by the daily press, will contribute. Trustee Wade,
who is credited with having introduced the subject,
is thus reported: He was aware that there were some
matters that should not be discussed publicly, but
during the past year he had kept close watch on the
Board's actions and knew of nothing but what might
have been published. His Honor Judge Bole agreed,
stating that, from his legal experience, he had
learned that the press was very helpful to every institution. Trustee LeBrun concurred with Trustee Wade
in his remark, while Trustee Lewis strongly dissented,
adding that "the reports from the teachers and the
principals would not be the same if the press were
admitted," to which Trustee Bole retorted: "Then
they are not doing their duty.'' The chairman of the
School Board, Mr. T. J. Trapp, who has given many
years public spirited service in that capacity, is credited with maintaining that the reports referred to
were private documents and not to be laid before the
public; and, while stating that he had nothing to complain of with regard to the newspaper reports last
year, most emphatically declared that the proposed
admittance of the press to all meetings would never
pass while he had a say.
As the School Board has to do with matters vitally
and intimately concerning the interests of the people
generally���viz., the education, the character development in an important sense, of the future men and
women of the city, Province and country as a whole���
and, as the question that has been raised as to
the limitation of the exercise by the press of its freedom and function with regard to certain meetings of
the Board is a fundamental one. the public may well
manifest a keen interest in the further deliberations
and final action of the Board on the question. While
not wishing to prejudice the discussion at this stage,
when there is more information to be adduced on the
subject, we might, from the relatively aloof attitude,
as compared with the 'daily press, of a journal more of
observation and comment than a chronicler of daily
events and happenings, remark that, on general principles, the press is bound to jealously guard, conserve,
and maintain, in and for the public interests, the freedom that has been won and bequeathed to it, after so
hard a struggle, in the great deliberative assemblies
of the nation and of the freedom-loving world���a
freedom which extends in parliamentary bodies to
reporting the proceedings of committee meetings, especially Committees of the Whole, and which as a rule
the press has proved that it can be trusted to exercise,
without abuse, in the public interest.
We are free to admit, at the same, that matters
may occasionally come before a School Board that in
the public interest need not and in justice to private
interests ought not to be published; but the discretion,
responsibility, and honor of the press can usually be
relied upon in such cases, especially when actuated by
a suggestion or request from the body whose proceedings are the subject of report, as has been demonstrated hundreds of times in similar cases. The
alternative of excluding the press altogether, or appreciably impairing its freedom and functions, is one
which the public, on general principles, with the lessons of history behind it, and in view of possible
worse consequences than a possible occasional abuse
of that freedom, will hesitate to approve.
thirty;
HERE AND THERE
An interesting item in connection with the opening
of the first session of the fourteenth Legislature of
British Columbia, Thursday next, is the fact that the
Clerk of the House, Mr. Thornton Fell, who it is announced will be continued in that capacity under the
new Government, has served in the same office since
1879. This, it is staled, will be his fortieth session as
clerk and he will have served under ten speakers.
The presence in Great Britain of many Canadian
civilians who are not performing any useful service to
the Empire and in some cases are unable to maintain
themselves or to return to Canada, and thus become a
burden upon the British Government, has led the Dominion authorities to devise measures to restrict the
movement of Canadians to the Old Countrv during the
war to a minimum. An order-in-council has been
passed for this purpose, stating that "passports enabling civilians to leave Canada for the United Kingdom shall not hereafter be issued until the Department
of External Affairs is satisfied that the reasons in
favor of the issue of passports are weighty and urgent
and until the applicant satisfies the Department of his
financial ability to maintain himself in the United
Kingdom and to return to Canada."
Two popular and deserved civil service promotions
have recently been made in this Province by the Dominion Government. The first that of Mr. J. F. Murray, Asst. P. 0. Inspector, Vancouver, to be Chief
P. 0. Inspector, vice the late Inspector Greenfield, recently deceased. Mr. Murray, who has exceptional
qualifications for the important office to which he has
attained, entered the service of the Postoffice Department many years ago, twentv-five at least, in Victoria,
and has been Assistant Inspector for the Vancouver
District for over ten vears. The other popular promotion referred to is that of Mr. W. E. Ditchburn, of
Victoria, who for the past seven years has been Inspector of Indian Agencies for the southwest portion
of British Columbia, and who has just been appointed
Chief Inspector of Indian Agencies ytor t)ie Province.
Incidentally, Mr. Ditchburn was widely and favorably
krjown, a few years ago, as a true sport and patron of
Canada's national game���lacrosse.
Pending the great concerted advance of the Allies
on the western and other fronts, for which the time is
not yet quite ripe either in a seasonable or a military
sense, pressure, especially on the Somme, where the
Anglo-French forces made such important and permanent gains last summer and fall, is never relaxed���the
knuckles of the Allies are ever at the German throat,
as it were, and continually new advances and gains are
made and consolidated���not much perhaps at any one
time, but amounting to considerable in the aggregate,
and demonstrating again and again that the offensive
and the initiative have definitely passed from the enemy's side to ours and steadily reducing both his power
of resistance and morale. Such was the capture of
Grandecourt, on the Ancre, by the British, last week,
followed by other advances since, which are steadily
bringing the Allies nearer to their immediate Bau-
pame-Perronne objective and the important German
railway commnnications which will be thus intercepted.
In this steady and resistless, if slqw, forward movement, the Canadians have been distinguishing themselves by characteristically daring and brilliant raids
Upon the German trenches, which appear to be uniformly successful.
1. Eighteen years and upwards, and yniter
unmarried and widowers without children.
2. Thirty years and upwards, and under forty-five;
unmarried or widowers without children.
3. Eighteen  years and upwards, and under forty-
five; married or widowers with children.
4. All those of forty-five and upwards, but under
sixty years of age,
It is a question of very vital interest, not only to
the belligerent nations but to the whole world, just
what degree of success, from the German point of
view, is going to attend Germany's effort by means of
her unrestricted submarine campaign, which was.
scheduled to begin on Feb. 1st, to starve Great Britain
and incidentally all countries neutral as well as belligerent that depend upon sea-borne commerce. For the
first week of the "unrestricted" order, a computation
made at New York from cable reports of ships sunk
by German submarines or mines showed some speed-
ing-up-^no less than fifty-nine, of which thirty-two
were British. In the last forty-eight hours of the
period mentioned, it was computed that the loss was
33,000 tons more than for the five previous days of the
campaign, which would be an alarming rate it continued. The second week started with a very marked
diminution of sinkings, according to Lloyd's, which
led to the reasonable conjecture that the sudden drop
was due io the getting down to work of the British
defensive measures and destruction of submarines ���
which reassuring deduction has been strengthened.
rather than otherwise as the week has progressed. In
fact, it seems hardly premature to suggest that German "frightfulness," judged at any rate by what it
hoped to accomplish, has scored another failure, and
that the submarines will follow the zeppelins off the
stage, with Germany "seeing her finish" next! Page 2
THE PACIFIC CANADIAN
New Westminster. B.C., Feb. 16, 191/
THE  PACIFIC   CANADIAN
Published every Friday from tlie Offices, 761 Carnarvon Street,
New Westminster, B. C, by the Pacific Canadian Printing
& Publishing Co-, I/td.
GEO. KENNEDY.
Editor and Manager
Subscription Prices;���$1.00 per annum [in advance];   50c.   for six
months; 25c. for three months; 10c. per month;   5c. per copy.
Advertising rates on   application
DEATH OP RALPH SMITH.
Mere words ill express the sense of deprivation and
loss, to the public life of the Province, to the community as a whole, to the new Liberal Government of
British Columbia, just getting down to its arduous
reconstructive task, and to a Dominion wide circle of
staunch friends and admirers, not to mention the
nearer personal relations, conveyed in the announcement of the sudden and unexpected death, Monday
night, at Victoria, of Hon. Ralph Smith, Minister of
Finance in the Brewster Government. Though reports
of his indispositiun had appeared in the public press,
it was not realized until Monday evening, when it
became known that members of his fp.mily in the
Province had been summoned to Victoria, that the late
Minister was seriously ill���that what was supposed to
be merely a bad attack of lagrippe, aggravated by
over-work in devotion to his strenuous duties since
assuming office early in December, was in reality a
fatal combination of ailments based upon the recurrence, under the unfavorable circumstances noted, of
an old internal malady.
The late Ralph Smith, though a comparatively
young man, compared with many veterans past and
present who have adorned public life, had compressed
a great deal of hard, downright, good work, mental
and physical, honorable achievement, and valuable
and distinguished public service into his shortened
span of fifty-nine years, as the following brief biography will testify. Born at Newcastle-on-Tyne,
Northumberland, Eng., Aug. 8, 1858, Mr. Smith got
his early education in the Newcastle and district
schools, and entered the coal mines as early as 1869.
He came to British Columbia in 1892, at the age of
thirty-four, not before he had begun to tane an active
and promising part in the public and religious life of
the Old Land, among his other activities preaching
with power and acceptance as local or lay preacher
of the Methodist Church, both here and there. He
indeed contemplated entering the ministry, but destiny
had marked him for a public political career. Shortly
after coming to Nanaimo, where he engaged in coal
mining, Mr. Smith was, in 1895, chosen agent for
the Coal Miners' Association of British Columbia, and
was afterwards president of the Trades and Labor
Congress of Canada for five years. Mr. Smith was
elected a member of the Provincial Legislature for
Nanaimo in 1898, and again in the general election of
1900, resigning the same year to run as a Labor-
Liberal candidate for the representation of the Federal
district of Nanaimo in the Dominion Parliament, when
he was elected. He was also re-elected as Liberal
member for the same constituency in the general
elections of 1904 and 1908, being defeated, with the
Liberal partv, in the reciprocity campaign of 1911.
On the 14th of September last, Mr. Smith was elected
as second on the victorious Liberal ticket in the city
of Vancouver to the Provincial Legislature, and was
endorsed as Finance Minister in the new Liberal Gov-
Edison Theatre
Friday  and Saturday
Je6.   16-/7
Norma Talmadge
Is the Slar of the latest Triangle  Play   to be
shown at this Theatre,    You'll love it.
"The Social Secretary"
Is the title and in it Norma takes two
entirely different parts.   One of the
best Triangle plays.    We know you'll
enjoy it.
EDISON   THEATRE
Home Shoe
Repairing
Cobbling Sets ���
containing all the
necessary tools
$1.00
Half Soles and
Heels, Shoe Nails
and Rivets
"Economy Begins   at
Home."
Anderson   (St  Lusby
634 Columbia St.
Royal City Pork Butchers
(KENNEDY   BROTHERS)
737 Columbia St. 309 Sixth St.
We make a specialty  of Cooked Meats.     Our
Properly Cooked Hams, Veal Loaf, Etc.,
are in great demand.
NEW WESTMINSTER, B. C.
Phone 219
a>x��x~:��;-:-X":~m��:->m~:~x-:-��->*^+'W
PHONES .15 and 16
ernment by the largest vote ever polled in Vancouver
or British Columbia.
The late Mr. Smith was peculiarly happy in his
domestic life. Married at Newcastle-on-Tyne, in 1883,
to Mary Ellen Spear, he had four sons and one daughter, the latter Mrs. John Carr, of Victoria. One son,
Lieut. J. W. Smith, was recently wounded, on the
western battle-front, and is in hospital in England.
Another son, Richard, is in business in Regina, and
two, Ralph, jr., and Robert, reside in Vancouver.
Mrs. Smith, whose social qualities and exceptional
abilities and activities as an organizer and public
speaker, in connection with patriotic, benevolent, and
women's work generally, especially the recent successful movement for the enfranchisement of women in
British Columbia, have made her hardly less well and
favorably known than her distinguished husband,
contributed not a little to his success in public life, as
the late Mr. Smith was wont to proudly and affectionately acknowledge, and, with her family, will
receive the universal and heartfelt sympathy which
the sad occasion evokes.
The funeral, which was a public one, Premier
Brewster and the members of his Cabinet attending
in a body, was held at Vancouver, to-day. Flags all
over the Province were flown at half-mast out of
respect to the memory of the late Minister. On
account of important legislation which the late Finance
Minister had in hand, it was found necessary to postpone the meeting of the Legislature from Feb. 22nd
to March 1st���one week later. The vacant portfolio
of Finance has been assumed, for the present at least,
and perhaps permanently, by Premier Brewster.
GILLEY BROS..M
*  Dealers in	
���h Crushed Rock, Sand and  Gravel,   Lime,   Ce-
�� ment. Plaster, Drain Tile, Etc.
\
��� Forge, House and Steam Coal.   Agricultural Lime
i
j. 902 Columbia s reet
| New Westminster, B. C.
I
ests had been turned down by the Fisheries authorities���the proposal for an embargo on the exportation
of raw salmon from the Province, this season, and the
suggestion that the Fraser River should be closed to
salmon fishing for the three seasons 1918-19 20.
HERE AND THERE
The announcement is made that the Militia Department is arranging for the immediate calling out, under
the Militia Act, of from 25,000 to 50,000 of the Active
and Reserve Militia of Canada, for training and for
home defence, and to release forces mobolized for
overseas service.
"Criminal conspiracy," in raising and fixing the
price of sugar, is the charge laid against the B. C.
Sugar Refining Co., Vancouver, by the Dominion high-
cost-of-living Commissioner, and Attorney-Generals of
B. C. and Alberta are asked to prosecute. "Not
guilty!" says Manager B. T. Rogers, in effect, but
increased cost of oroduction and particularly of water
transportation since the war are blamed for the result.
Chief Inspector of Fisheries F. H. Cunningham
announced, after his return from Ottawa, last week,
that two proposals put forward by certain B. C. inter-
The B. C. Fruit Growers, in session at Victoria,
this week, passed a resolution recommending that "the
embargo on the immigration of white labor be removed
during the war, and that Chinese be allowed to enter
the Province free of the head tax for agricultural
labor, with permit to remain for a limited period."
They also asked the Provincial Government to pass
laws to prevent Orientals holding land either under
lease of freehold.
THE   MERCHANTS   LIMITED
New Westminster, B. C
Whitewear Sale
NEW SPRING WHITEWEAR JUST ARRIVED
To Introduce these New Styles in Dainty Undergarments
we are having this sale for one Week Only
Newest Designs and Best Makes in Underwear
Ladies' Nightgowns
In any style you  like.     Sale   prices  from,   each
75c up to $3.50
Ladies' Corset Covers
A big range and  the   values   are  extraordinary.
Sale prices from
15c to $ 1.25
Ladies' Drawers
All styles.   Plain,   lace or  embroidery trimmed.
Sale Price
25c up to $1.25
Underskirts
Plain tucked frill and embroidery   trimmed   (all
with dust ruffle.   Sale prices, each
50c to $2.95
I
Also a Big Variety of    WHITEWEAR    in &11 sizes for Children
 AT    SALE   PRICES	
Also Shirts, Drawers, Nightgowns, Etc. Try the Merchants
_f��'j-ii_f��ra \��\��\
Kew Westminster, B.C., Feb. 16,1917
THE PACIFIC CANADIAN
P����l
LOCAL AND GENERAL.
These are all Kodak days, if you only
thought so. Hurndall the Kodak Man
shows you how. Don't be afraid to
ask him. tc
After spending over a year at the
front, Sapper V. E. Andrews, a former
newspaperman of this city, is now enjoying his first leave in Engiand.
Mrs. George Rawlinson, of Mission
avenue, Edmonds, fell and broke a leg
on Sunday. She was taken to the Royai
Columbian Hospital, where Dr. Rothwell
reduced the fracture.
Mrs. J. J. Forrester, St. George St.,
left for Victoria, this week, to attend
the annual meeting of the Victoria Women's Council, as a delegate from the
Local Council of Women.
Mrs. McDermid, of the ready-to-wear
and Mrs. Phelan, of the dressmaking department of the T. H. Smith Co. Ltd.,
will leave to-morrow to attend spring
openings in Seattle, and will return toward the end of next week.
Manneriug & MacKenzie, plumbers,
heaters, and sheet metal workers, have
removed to new and commodious quarj
ters, 55 Sixth st. (Matt Knight's old
stand), where they will be glad to see
you.   Telephone, 922. tc
The Hassam pavement on Columbia
street in front of the Central Fire Hall
is being torn up by a Board of Works
gang to fill in an old cedar culvert laid
years ago and which is decaying and
causing the paving to sink.
The cases of eighteen Orientals captured on Saturday afternoon in a daylight police raid on an alleged Chinese
gambling joint was called in Police Court
Monday, and as a result the city treasury was enriched to   the   extent of over
4
TENDERS.
PROVINCIAL  GAOL, NEW WKSTMIN-
8TKK,   It. C.
SEALED TENDERS, endorsed "Gaol
Supplies,'' for the supply of:
Groceries, Drugs, Beef, Coal, Lime,
Fish, Bread, Hardware, and such other
supplies as may be required for the
above institution from the 1st of April,
1917, to the 31st March, 1918, will be received by the undersigned up to 12
o'clock noon ou the 1st day of March,
1917.
All supplies lo be delivered to the
Provincial Gaol, New Westminster, B.C.,
as required, without extra charge.
All articles for use in these contracts
to be of provincial manufacture as far as
practicable.
Forms of tender  will   be supplied on
application at the Provincial Gaol, where
samples of supplies may be examined.
A. T. TURNBULL,
Warden Provincial  Gaol at New
Westminster, B. C.
March 1st, 1917. 2t
TENDERS.
PROVINCIAL   PRISON    PA KM,   OAK-
AL1.A,   B. C.
The death occurred, Monday, of John
Eldon, infant son of Mr. and Mrs. R. C.
Higgins, 319 Fourth st. Mr. Higgins is
president of the Young Men's Liberal
Association of this city. The funeral
was held Tuesday morning from the
family residence to the Oddfellows'
cemetery.
The latest enlistment with the British
Columbia company of the railway construction battalion is that of Mr. R. P.
Dauphinee, a native son of New Westminster. He resides at 51 Columbia St.,
and has been employed at the Edison
theatre for the past seven years.
The news was received in the city this
week that the death of Mr. W. J. Kerr,
a well known former resident of this
city, had occurred in a hospital in Winnipeg. The late Mr. Kerr was one time
a prominent real estate dealer in this
city, and achieved more than a local
fame as a "good roads" advocate.
DON'T DO IT���"Got vour hogs insured?" "Yep." "Got your life insured?" "Nope." "Well, by ginger,
if I didn't consider myself worth as much
as a bunch of hogs I wouldn't insure my
life either."���W. B. Blane, The Man
Who Insures, 206-207 Westminster Trust
Bldg. lt
A city tax sale lot situated at the corner of Kelvin and Thirteenth streets was
sold, Monday evening, by the Gty Council to Mr. James A. Rennie for $450. The
lot is assessed at $1150. Tenders had
been called for the purchase, and Mr.
Reunie's was the highest. Aid. McAdam opposed selling for less than half
the assessed value, but the majority of
the Council thought it better to turn this
tax sale lot into an asset liable for taxes
than to hold on for an indefinite period
waiting for values to be restored,.
TENDERS, in duplicate, sealed and
endorsed "Gaol Supplies," will be received by the undersigned up to noon
on the first day of March, 1917, for Groceries, Flour. Feed, Meat, Fish, Drugs,
Drygoods, Cloth, Tailors' Trimmings,
Shoemakers' Findings, Leather, Hardware, Coal, and such other articles as
may be required at the Provincial Prison
Farm at Oakalla, B. C, from April 1st,
1917, to March 31st, 1918.
Forms of tender will be provided by
the Warden, on application therefor, at
the Provincial Prison Farm at Oakalla,
where samples of articles required may
also be inspected. All such articles
should be of provincial manufacture, as
far as practicable, and delivered free at
the said Provincial Farm at Oakalla as
required, without any extra charge.
WM. G. McMYNN,
Warden.
Provincial Prison Farm, Oakalla. B.C.
February 14th, 1917. 2t
Mr. S. J. Currie, of the T. H. Smith
Co., Ltd., is now in the Hast on a buying
trip, and is visiting Chicago, then Toronto, Montreal aud New York.
X
X
X
4
I
4
��_���
LIMITED
t is �� i>��!iM nr e: r*
The People's
Grocer
PHONES:
X  Main Store
f
$  West End branch
x ..
A    ,,
Sapperton branch
Three Big Stores
of Plenty
193 and 194 .��. *
-    373 $ ;;
650 | ;;
��� ,,
��� II
1000
Pounds
Small Red
Kidney Beans
Special while they last
I Per lb 5 Cts I!
l\'
I iooo lbs
Small White
(b��f Beans
Special while they last
Per lb 7 Cts
Advance Showing
of Wash Materials
for Spring Wear
The woman who wants a distinctive dress or blouse will find
here a great variety of new and striking materials in the
newest floral and striped effects. These Perfection and
Chiffon Voiles arrived from New York yesterday. They are
40 inches wide, but prices vary. .50c, 75c, 85c, $1.00 and $1.25
Exceedingly Good Value
these Lovely Wash Silks
at  $1.35 Per   Yard
Obtainable in a Beautiful Array of Shades.
Japanese Crepe
Gjtv Market,
The weekly Friday market this moni-
Jtfjj partook of the quality of the day,
being brisk and breezy. Meats were in
fair supply, at about same prices as last
week���8 to 9c for beef, 12 16 l-2c for
pork, and 12 to 17 1-2 for veal. Poultry
was well represented, with prices ranging: Hens, 23 to 24c; springs, 25 to 27c;
ducks, 30. to 35c. Eggs were plentiful
and prices maintainad���40 to 45c per
doz retail and 35 to 38c wholesale. Butter held at 50c per lb retail. Potatoes
were gold nuggets, and as hard to get, at
$40 to $50 per ton and $2.20 per sack.
Even the humble turnip rose in the
world, bringing $1 a sack���$20 per ton---
while onions were out of sight at 5c
per lb.   Apples held at 75c to $1 per box,
'{     ROYAL CROWN SOAP
I
�� 7 generous bars 25c
X.
A   -
^LIMITED
Valuator    Money to Loan    Farms
for Sale
\\. A. EASTMAN
Notary Public
Guichon Block, Columbia and MeKenzie Sts.,   HEW WESTMINSTER
Norma Talmadge in her two roles in
new Triangl. feature, "The Sucial
EDISON THEATRE
Friday and Saturday, Feb. 16-17
By a timely purchase we are able to offer you Japanese
Crepes at the old prices in all the wanted colorings. There
are numerous blues, green, pink, coral, moss, rose, helitrope,
grey and a variety in stripes; width 30 inches.   Price-....25c
Eyestrain and Wrinkles
Go together -both are brought
on bv attempting to read or
woi k WITHOUT Glasses when
Classes are NECESSARY!
We can tit you with becoming Eyeglasses that will enable you to see
clearly without Evestrain or Wrinkles
Let us supply the Glasses to-day.
H. Ryall
Druggist  and  Optician
NEW WESTMINSTER. B. C.
t**************^*^*******^^*^1^*
PHONE 57
There is enough of the gambler in most
people to "take chances," when there's
something to win. To "take chances,"
when it is only a question of loss���as in
the case of fire���is the height of folly, as
W. B. Blane, The Man Who Insures,
206-207 Westminster Trust Bldg., can
tell you. lt
At a meeting of the Local Council of
Women held on Monday it was decided
to hold a tag day in this city in the near
future to raise funds to aid in supplying
linen for the military ward of the Royal
Columbian Hospital.
"SAFETY FIRST"
Protect yonr property by Insuring
against loss by Fire in strong, reliable Companies.
"OUR RATES ARE THE LOWEST"
Wm. McAdam
Real Estate and Insurance Broker
Room V, Hart Block
WOOD
AND
COAL
at prices that  are   RIGHT
Quality, Quantity and Service  is  our
motto
Phones:   150-732
Belyea & Company, Ltd.
827 Carnarvon Street
Advertise in The Pacific Canadian
The girl who rushes into marriage is a  fool     More   young girls'   lives  are  ruined   by  hasty
marriages than by any other process.��� Thomas Dixon.
Every Mother, Father and Child should see this  Great Production.    vSpecial Matinee .Saturday
Afternoon for the children.
CLARA    KIMBALL   YOUNG
 IN	
"THE   FOOLISH   VIRGIN"
Special Photoplay Edition of Thomas Dixon's Great Novel.
Author of "The Birth of a Nation."
An intensely dramatic story of the disillusionment of  a romantic girl who conies face to face with the
realities of an  unromantic world, proving that life is built on realities and no: romance.
Special Orchestra Afternoons and Evenings
PRICES MATINEE
Adults 15c
Children 10c
Boxes 35c
This performance is being given under the auspices of the Admiral Ar-
buthnot Chapter I. 0. D. H. Tlie
proceeds from which will buy comforts for our Boys at the Front.
PRICES EVENING
Admission 25c
Boxes  35c
Performance starts :   Matinee 2:15.    Evening 8 o'clock sharp.   Tickets on sale at Hill's Drug
Store, Ryall's Drug  Store,  Ira fteid's, and Edison Theatre.
OPERA HOUSE,   Friday - Saturday,   Feb.   16-17
MAKE YOUR DOLLARS
FIGHT
AT  THE   FRONT.
BUY
DOMINION OF CANADA
���________.-_..___________-__M_.-__-Mi -------- �����______._____��._.---.-.--��
THREE-YEAR
War Savihcs Certificates
$ QS.OO   for   $21.50
OO.OO     U 43.00
100.00    "      ee.oo
INDIVIDUAL PURCHASES LIMITED TO ���IBM.
FOR FULL PARTICULARS APPLY _VT ANY BANK
OR ANY MONEY ORDER POST OFFICE
JAN.  S.  1*17
��u   dmartmint
Ottawa Pw*
THE PACIFIC CANADIAN
New Westminster. B.C., Feb. 16, 1917
MASTERY OF TflE (Ult,
} rltlsh Aviators Maintain a Dacldid
Superiority over Huns on Western
Front, both in Machines and in Their
Management.
Details of the latest aerial developments and the work of the Royal Flying
Corps along the battle-front in France
have been made known by Flight Lieutenant Lloyd Faulkner, of the Royal
Flying Corps, who was recently invalided home to Canada, after being shot
down near Abele, in the Ypres salient.
He told also of a new aeroplane for
which great things are claimed by the
Allied airmen.
"The machines used on the battle
front are much in advance of any used
over here," he said. "Our battleplanes
weigh two and one half tons and are
driven by two Rolls-Royce motors of
240-horsepower each They have twin
propellers and can make more than 100
miles an hour. Their motors are water-
cooled. Other big planes have 300-
horsepower motors driving one propel-
lor.
"The smaller machines, which carry
only a pilot, are much faster. The Sop-
with 'pup' makes 138 mile-; an hour; the
Nieuport 'bullet' 135 miles; the Spat 140
miles, and the new machine, whose name
may uot be mentioned, 138 miles an
hour. This is the great surprise. It is
only arriving at the front now. lt can
ascend straight up without banking, and
has reached 15,000 feet in seven and a
half minutes. This makes it the ideal
machine for Zeppelin Work as it can get
height quickly enough to catch the dirigibles. This unnamed machine is the
greatest fighting machine iu the world
and will guarantee that we maintain the
supremacy of the air so necessary in this
war.''
Lieut. Faulkner's home is in Toronto,
where he enlisted nearly two years ago.
After receiving his preliminary training
at the Wright Aviation .School in Dayton,
Ohio, Lieut. Faulkner was sent to ling-
land about a year and a half ago.
"There 1 was sent to the Centisl Flying School at Uphaven, on Salisbury
Plains," he said, "and after live mouths'
hard work, flying every day, nn matter
what the weather, I received my military
pilot's certificate and wasseiitto France.
There I was sent to Abele, where the
First, Second and Third Canadian Divisions are entrenched.
Four Classes of Wovk.
"Once at the front, I found that our
work was divided into four classes. The
fi.st is the reconnaissance, during which
we sometimes flew from 100 to 150 miles
back of the German trenches. This
work is done by regularly organized
squadrons, in which the most important
machine is the one carrying the camera.
The reconnaissance unit is composed of
five battleplanes and ten or twelve Nieuport scouts or Sopwith 'pups,' little fast
machines, making closs to 140 miles an
hour and carrying only one. pilot and
machine gun. These little machines are
the destroyers, or guards, for the big
battleplanes. The big machines each
carry at least two men and two guns.
' 'When in flying and working formation, the reconnaissance squadron,, is arranged iu this way. " The camera battleplane flies at about 5,500 feet, with a
fighting battleplane on either side, flying
at about 6,000. In the rear, directly behind each of the fighting battleplanes,
are two more battleplanes, flying at 7,000
feet. These five machines fly 100 to 110
miles an hour. The little destroyers with
their faster speed fly all about them, always ready to attack an enemy squadron.
"If the little fellows happen to be off
on a bit of their own and the battleplane
squadron sees enemy machines, the pilots
fire their alarm pistols and call the de
stroyers, who drive off the enemy, unless
he is in much superior force, and then
there is a fight.
"Flying at six or seven thousand feet,
the observation machines are always
being 'archied,' whicli means they are
being shot at by every sort of gun, even
those firing five-pound shells. Hits by
antiaircraft guns are one of the natural
risks and we used to bank back and
forth, or zig zag through the air, so as to
throw the gunners off. That does not
always work, as I found out when a
/shell carried away one of my ailerons and
"I landed in a smash that sent me to the
Royal Flyinj Corps Hospital.
"While doing this reconnaissance work
it is always necessary to look out for
Fokkers. You'll see five or six black
spots up twenty to twenty-five thousand
feet and when they gel over you they'll
suddenly nose-dive and drop. These
Fokkers drive by at a tremendous speed,
firing as they go, and then they scuttle
for safety.
No Fleht on Equal Terms.
"The only times the Germans light
us iu the air is when they have forty to
fifty aeroplanes to our twenty or thirty,
Then they will stand by for a time, but
never for long.
"The second important use for aeroplanes is artillery observation work.
I.irst Lieutenant Vernon Castle was flo
im: this when I last saw him in the late
fall and had been mentioned in despatches for his excellent work. Before
going up the pilot arranges his signals
with his battery. He uses wireless, what
we call a clock Morse code, and as soon
as he finds his objective, usually a German battery, he lets his gunners know
where to fire. In connection with this 1
learned that it takes a 15-inch howitzer
shell weighing about a ton, forty-five
seconds to travel 22,000 yards. I'd Rive
the directions and signal, and fortv-five
seconds later the shell would land. If
it destroyed the German battery or other
object, we'd move on to another place
that needed attention from the howitzers.
"Observation pilots also watch every
movement behind the enemy's lines, it
has been arranged that if they see a huge
or important movement, such as the
march of an army division or a large section of transport, they can give a certain
signal whicli will call for help from every
gun in that section. Where we were
this meant that at least 500 great guns
would be slamming away iu no time.
Three hours is the flight time lor an observer - it is nerve-wrecking work and
few can stand it   longer.    The machine
is always being fired at.
"A third use to which we put our machines is night flying, which is mostly
bomb work. The Germans, for some
reason or other, do not fly at night. Our
bombers travel in squadrons of fifty to a
hundred. Thev start out in the dead of
night and fly very low, not more than
300 feet up. It is practically impossible
to hit them, and there are few casualties
among our men. This night bombing
was forced on us by the fact that the
Germans moved their troops and stores
at night. We usually tried to destroy
some railroad junction or station, or a
depot where ammunition was stored.
Zeppelin sheds were also sought after.
The Royal Flying Corps has done very
efficient work in these night raids���engines have been blown off the tracks,
trains wrecked, and much other devastation accomplished.
Airmen Led Somme Attack.
"There at the Somme our aeroplanes
were used for the first time in conjunction with the artillery and infantry attacks. After thirty-six hours of incessant
gunfire, which badly battered the German trenches, the signal was given aud
squadrons of fifty to one hundred aeroplanes flew over our lines to the German trenches. They flew at 100 to 300
feet, and each one used its machine guns
ami dropped bombs. Following ihe devastation of the guns, this raid hail a
damaging effect on the German morale
and made it possible to recover the territory we got back during the early days
of tlie battle.
"Following the aeroplanes came the
infantry. These had theif bayonets and
bombs and completed the work. In
some places we broke through to beyond
the German third line. While this aero-
infantry attack was going on, the guns
were maintaining their curtain of fire in
order to prevent the Germans from
bringing up reinforcements."
NOTICE.
We wish to announce to the public we
are still doing business at the old stand,
cor. Righth and Carnarvon sts., New
Westminster, II. C. When you require
plumbing, heating, sheet metal work or
repairs, phone us on our old  No. ���586.
MKRKITHKW  & RAMSAY.
Rat Catching Extraordinary.
While the Britisli navy are quietly
snaring and "putting out of business"
the German submarine rats ou the high
seas���and saying next to nothing about
it, beyond a significant admission occasionally, with no details���it is some interest to learn of a smaller, though
similar, undertaking to mitigate to some
extent the subterranean plague of rats
in the trenches. According to a letter
received, the other day, by a citizen of
NeV Westminster from his son, a former
employee of Schaake & Co., this city,
but now serving in the trenches "somewhere in France," this young soldier
has been "doing his bit" against the
four-legged rats, on the side, so to speak,
by devising a trap, constructed out of
barbed wire, whicli takes the noisesoine
rodents alive wholesale, uo less than 400
at one captu.e being the record. Details
-are not given, but the 400 rats were carried in the mesh of barbed wire to the
river and consigned to a watery grave���
ominous of the fate which is speedily
overtaking their German submarine confreres.
Military Hospital Campaign.
As a step towards a vigorous campaign
to raise funds to equip 300 beds for the
military wing of the Royal Columbian
Hospital for the care of returned soldiers,
the New Westminster Military Hospital
Auxiliary, met Monday and elected the
following officers: Chairman, Mayor A.
W. Gray; vice-chairman, Mrs. R. Bryce
Brown; secretary, Miss Armstrong; treasurer, Airs. C. A. Welsh; committees:
Finance, Mrs. W. G. Mcljuarrie, Mme.
Gauvreau, Mrs. J. Stilwell Clute; Appeal to Fraternal Societies, Mayor Gray,
Mrs. Ferguson, Mrs. Diamond; Concerts
and Entertainments, Mrs. H. C. Major,
Mrs. A. C. Kddv, Mrs. G. K. Drew-
Tag Day, Mrs. Clute, Mrs. W. S. Collis-
ter, Mrs. W. II. Hlson; Public Subscriptions, Mm. Gauvreau, Mrs. Meyuarrie,
Mrs. Iv. M. Phillips; Sewing, Mrs. C.
H. Diamond, Mrs. H. A. Gordon, Mrs.
Shadwell; Purchasing, Mrs. Brown,
Mrs. Forrester, Mrs. W. T. Reid, Mrs.
J. B. Kennedv; Publicity, Mrs. McQuar-
rie, Mrs. Kddv, Mrs. G. dell. Watson;
Home ���S'lilertaiiiments, Mrs. Phillips,
Mrs. Shadwell,  Mrs. Bison
COAL
New     Wellington,
Lump, Nut, pea
and SlacK
JOSEPH MAVERS
Foot vSixth St.        Phone LOS
A
THERMOS
BOTTLE
Will keep yonr tea or coffee
warm and von will enjoy
y<nir lunch.
We can sell yon Thermos
Bottles and Lunch Kits.
T.J. TRAPP & CO., Ud.
Phones:
Store 59       Oflice 196
Machinery  and   Auto  Dept.   691
Doubtless You Will   Purchase   Your   Supplies
where you can get
Quality & Price Combined
That's Here
The MODEL
Oat Meal Soap,   8 cakes...25c
Castile Soap, long bar 25c
Apples - heavy pack and
every apple wrapped; several
varieties to choose from. Per
box $1.75
Bon Ton Fancy Natural Sultanas, 16-o/.. pkgs  15c
Nol-a-Seed Raisins, 2 packages   25c
Fancy Seeded Raisins, 2 pkgs
for 25c
Lard Compound, per lb-..20c
Heinz   Tomato   Catsup,   per
bottle 30c
Genuine Eastern Dry Salt
Cod, 2 lbs.   for  25c
Pimento Stuffed Olives; large
bottle 25c
Queen   Olives,    extra    good
value, per  bottle 35c
Van Camp's Pork and Beans,
extra value; contains almost
as much as two 20c tins. Per
tin 25c
Model Grocery
Matheson & Jacobscn
308 Sixth St. Phone 1001-2
East Burnaby, 2nd St. Phone 598
Edmonds, Gray Block Phone 1111L
Sapperton, Guhr Block Phone 1012
NEW CURTAIN MATERIALS
In anticipation of almost immediate house-
cleaning operations do we make this announcement regarding our new Draperies.
There is always something new iu our
House-furnishing Section and we invite
inspection. ::::::
Bordered Scrims -In cream, white or ecru grounds, with plain or
hemstitched edges; colored Borders in neat small designs. Per
yard 20c to 60c
Plain and Hemstichcd Scrims, also   Novelties���In spotted   muslin
with plain woven border.    Per yd 20c to 50c
Bungalow Nets - In small or large designs; many new ideas; 36
to 50 inch widths.    Fer yard      20c to $1.00
Colored Draperies in many attractive colorings, suitable for side
curtains, doors, chairs and coUcli coverings, cushions, etc. Per
yard  l5cto85c
Novelty Curtains in applique, scrim,   muslin, etc.    Per yd $2.5U
to    $6.50
W. S. Collister & Co,
The Store   for Women's Wear
P. O. Box 933
Westminster  Iron   Works
. JOHN   REID,   Proprietor
General Machine Work, Engineering  and
Blacksmithing
Mamda tutors of  Structural and Ornamental Ironwork
Agents for  REGAL GASOLINE ENGINES
Oflice and  Works:
TENTH STREET
New Westminster, B. G.
James & McClughan
PLUMBING
and
HEATING
Auto Tires & Accessories
HARDWARE
New Westminster, B_ C.
Front and .Sixth Sts.    Plione 302
Let Us Do It?
^mum
You needn't   do   your   own
Washing or send it to a
Chinaman
The Royal City Laundry
(White Labor Only)
will do it for you,
PHONE 183.     814 ROYAL AVE.
THE    MINISTER    OF    FINANCE
REQUESTS
THE    PEOPLE    OF   CANADA    TO
BEGIN NOW
-_-MM__3_MBM��
TO   SAVE   MONEY   FOR   THE
NEXT WAR LOAN
bbp_.iit_.bnt or rouMc*
-AH. % Itl- OTTAWA
N
TO INVESTORS
1
HOSE WHO, FROM TIME TO TIME, HAVE FUNDS REQUIRING
INVESTMENT MAY PURCHASE
AT PAR
DOMINION OF CANADA DEBENTURE STOCK
IN SUMS OF
OR ANY MULTIPLE THEREOF.
PMndpat repayable 1st October, 1t19.
Intent, payable haH-yearly, 1st April end 1st Octobor by cheque (free of exchange at
any chartered Bank in Canada) at the rate of five per cent per annum from the date of
pwrckaee.
Holders of this stock will have the privilege of surrendering at par and accrued interest,
as the equivalent of cash, in payment of any allotment made under any future war loan issue
in Canada other than an issue of Treasury Bills or other like short date security.
Proceeds of this stock are for war purposes only.
A commission of one-quarter ef one per cent will be allowed to recognized bond and
stock brokers en allotments made In respect of applications for this stock which bear their
stamp.
For application forms apply to the Deputy Minister of Finance, Ottawa.
DEPARTMENT OF FINANCE, OTTAWA, P
OCTOBER 7th, 1918.

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