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The Pacific Canadian Dec 22, 1916

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Provincial Library,
Victoria, B'""
Weekly News Digest and Journal of  Observation and Comment.
Vol. I.
NEW WESTMINSTER, B. C, FRIDAY, Dec. 22,  1916.
Number 42
Vancouver made up handsomely this week, in election excitement, for the lack of contests elsewhere
throughout the Province in the hy-elections made
necessary by the eight Ministers of the Brewster Government going back to their constituencies for approval
of their acceptance of office under the Crown.
In the case of Vancouver, two Ministers���Hons. M.
A. Macdonald and Ralph Smith had to seek re-election, and the somewhat mixed problem was put up to
the electors of the Terminal City to approve one and
turn down the other���to elect Mr. Smith and reject
Mr. Macdonald ���the formula for accomplishing this discriminatory, not to say recriminatory, result in the
three-cornered Christmas puzzle being: "Vote
Ralph Smith and D. E. McTaggart, and leave M
Macdonald at home." As Joe Martin, whose
Italian hand, as well as genius for a family row, were
omnipresent in the plan of campaign, naively said, in
a grand council of war held by the insurgents, Saturday night: "We have got to be careful. There are
three candidates for the two vacancies, and I believe
the Conservatives will do the right thing. All of us
must vote for Ralph Smith and McTaggart. If we
don't, we might elect Macdonald and McTaggart. We
don't want to do that."
In an interview given to the Province Saturday
night, as well as at the largely attended public meeting
held under the McTaggart-Martin auspices Saturday
night, Mr. Martin, who was described by the Province
as "counsel for the McTaggart interests in the by-
election," stated the issue from the point of view of
his client and coadjutor, with considerable lucidity, not
to say adroitness, thus: "There is no doubt a general
desire to give the new Government an opportunity to
carry out its pledges, The opposition to Mr. Macdonald does not involve that question at all. Mr. McTaggart is a Liberal and will give loyal support to the new
Liberal Government, if elected. The public should
also understand that the opposition to Mr. Macdonald
is not for the purpose of asking th.o electors whether
Mr. Macdonald is guilty or innocent of the charges
made against him. The whole question is whether a
man who is charged under oath with committing a
serious crime, and charged by a man who has been intimately acquainted with him for months, and was
one of his active supporters at the election during
which the crime is alleged to have been committed,
should be the Attorney-General of this Province while
that charge !s pending." Mr. Martin added to this
definition of the by-election issue an assertion that
Mr. Brewster had assured him (Mr. Martin, as counsel for J. T. Scott), that, pending a thorough investigation and determination of the election irregularities
charges, Mr. Macdonald would not be offered the position of Attorney-General or taken into the Cabinet.
Premier Brewster, in a statement given to the public after Mr. Martin's utterances, categorically denied
Mr. Martin's assertion last above noted, and clearly
explained and defended his action in taking Mr. Macdonald into his Cabinet as follows:
"The duty to form a Cabinet was then laid upon
me. The man reasonably entitled to be asked to assume the portfolio of Attorney-General was the Hon.
M. A. Macdonald, by reason of his being the senior
member of Vancouver city, a barrister in good standing and a Liberal holding the confidence of his party
as evidenced by his return by an overwhelming majority after every possible use had been made of
charges involving him in election irregularities.
"True, he was named in Scott's statement, but
Scott had absconded even though assured of immunity.
"Therefore, to allow Scott's charges to prevent Mr.
Macdonald's appointment, would have been to condemn, prejudice and injure him before he had a chance
to defend himself, and before the allegation against
him had been proved or disproved.
"I asked him to become my colleague, and he accepted, with the full understanding between us that
the inquiry into election irregularities should be proceeded with as promised the public precedent to the
election, and, at Mr. Macdonald's request, it was determined that I should have independent legal advice
in all matters relating to the investigation. My own
solicitor (Mr. R. T. Elliott) has, therefore, had free
scope in preparing for the investigation."
While the issue as outlined by Mr. Joseph Martin,
K.C, for McTaggart (who is also a lawyer) and by
Mr. McTaggart for himself, was one of pure political
morality, Mr. McTaggart previously, in an open letter
to Premier Brewster published in the News-Advertiser
of Friday last, rather detracted from his high ground
by reciting that, after a conference with the Premier,
he had decided not to oppose Mr. Macdonald, and had
so informed the press, but had finally decided again to
go on with his opposition because, as   he  alleged, the
Sir Robert Borden, Premier of Canada, as briefly
noted in our last issue, reached this city and Vancouver on Friday last, accompanied by Mr. R. B. Bennett, M. P., Director-General of the National Service
Commission, and addressed a large public mee:ing in
the Wesley Church auditorium, Vancouver, the largest
in the city, besides an overflow meeting in the Hotel
Vancouver ball room, the same evening. The main
meeting was presided over by Mayor McBeath and the
overflow by Mr. Justice Macdonald. The speakers of
the evening, all on the patriotic question of National
Service, included besides Sir Robert Borden and Mr.
R. B. Bennett, Hon. M. A. Macdonald, and Hon. Ralph
Smith, on behalf of the B. C. Government.
Some of the Prime Minister's utterances especially
on this great question, it is important to reproduce:
Nearly 400,000 Canadians, he said, had taken up arms
in this fight for justice and liberty, and all had offered themselves. We knew that the enemy had made
preparations for 35 or 40 years, but we did not realize
the extent of those preparations. We were not wanting war, but when it came and the cause was a great
and just one, as in this instance, our men were ready
to make the supreme sacrifice and showed themselves
worthy of the race from which they had sprung, and
the name of the land they bore upon their shoulders.
"A still greater effort is necessary," he added, "and
I know that the people of this Dominion, from one end
to the other, will not be found wanting."
The recent fighting on the Somme, Sir Robert Borden said he believed, would prove nothing to the great
offensive which would come next spring, when the
Germans would realize for the first time the strength
of the British Empire and its Allies. In this connection, he said: "And let me tell you this���as compared
with the strength of the Allies July 1, 1916, when
January 1, 1917, arrives, it will see our strength
doubled." Referring to Germany's recent peace overtures, Canada's Premier said, amid the applause of the
vast audiences aggregating over three thousand: "As
far as peace is concerned, the people of this country
want no peace until this war has been brought to the
conclusion that will make German aggression impossible. All the blood that has been shed will have been
shed in vain, if we do not continue until the end that
makes the Allies' cause triumphant."
Regarding the National Service post-card shortly to
be circulated, containing twenty-four questions and
designed to elicit information as to the capabilities of
service which the people of Canada would be able to
give, Sir Robert said: "This information will be of
inestimable value, not only in enabling the Government to throw the whole power of the nation into
the war, but it will also aid in estimating the best
means by which we shall provide for conditions after
victory has been secured, and we are faced with the
problems of peace. All sections of the community
are asked to help us and see that the responses to
the earns are sent in. We are asking the people, so
far as we can urge them, to join us in this good
work and to make the first week of the coming year
a National Service week in order that these cards,
properly filled in, may then be tabulated and the information asked for obtained."
"We cannot prevail," said Sir Robert Borden, in
the concluding portion of his address, "without effort, and we are realizing, perhaps more to-day than
ever before, the amazing preparation for world domination the enemy have made. There are those today who are speaking of peace. I believe the spirit
of the Canadian people, the spirit of the whole Empire, the spirit of all the Allied nations, can be expressed in the words of Abraham Lincoln in the midst of
the Civil War, 1864, when he said, 'We accepted this
war for an object, a worthy object, and the war will
not end until that object is attained. Under God, I
hope it will never end until that time.' We in Canada
accepted the war for a cause which we believed to be
just and righteous, and, under God, we hope that war
will never end until its purpose has been fully and
completely accomplished.''
Attorney-General's Department was proceeding (pursuant to instructions given originally by the late Attorney-General) to estreat the forfeited bail bonds of
J. T. Scott, put up by two young Vancouver Liberals,
friends of Mr. McTaggart.
Vancouver has been fairly agitated and convulsed
all this week with discussions public and private,
through the press and on the platform, on the street
and in the office, club and workshop, by the wayside
and within the home circle, over this strenuously
waged and all but unique internecine political-personal
contest, which had its roots in the mysteriously procured "plugging" of February last. Overflow public
meetings, in which the keenest interest has been manifested, have been held every night by both parties.
Premier Bowser and Hon. Ralph Smith have stood
loyally by their colleague, Hon. M. A. Macdonald, and
eloquently asked for his return; while one of the lately
elected Liberal members from Vancouver, Mr. J. S.
Cowpjr, ranged himself with his opponents. The verdict rendered by the electors in Thursday's polling
will bo found elsewhere.
In his famous Guidhall speech of Nov. 9, 1914, Mr.
Asquith, Britain's late Premier, voicing the practically
unanimous determination then and now of the British
peoples throughout the Empire, said: "We shall never
sheathe the sword until Belgium (and Serbia, he added
afterwards) recovers in full measure all and more than
all, that she has sacrificed, until France is adequately
secured against the menace of aggression, until the
rights of the smaller nationalities of Europe are placed
upon an unassailable foundation, and until the military
domination of Prussia is wholly and finally destroyed."
Accounting for the considerable rise in wheat, which
has temporarily dropped a little of late, a contemporary recounts the world's shortage this season, aggregating around one billion bushels, as follows: Drought
in Argentina has reduced the estimated surplus from
100,000,000 to 45,000,000 bushels; neither Russian nor
Rumanian production, which is 12 to 25 per cent, below
normal, can be exported; Australia's crop is 25 per
cent, less than in 1915; Canada's crop is less than half
of last year's; India's exportable surplus does not
reach 50,000,000 bushels, while the total United States
production is less than the normal consumption in that
Following is the protocol binding the Entente Allies
not to entertain or make any separate peace terms with
Germany, which was signed on September 5, 1914, on
behalf of Great Britain, France and Russia by Sir Edward Grey, Paul Cambon, French Ambassador to the
Court of St. James, and Count Beckendorff, Russian
Ambassador, and later on by the Italian Ambassador;
"The undersigned, duly authorized thereto by their respective Governments, hereby declare as follows: The
British, French and Russian Governments (Italy was
added later) mutually engage not to conclude peace
separately during the present war. These Governments agree that when the terms of peace come to be
discussed no one of the Allies will demand conditions
of peace without the previous agreement Of each of
the other Allies."
Following is the text of the American Government's
"friendly" but "solemn" protest against Germany's
deportation outrages in Belgium: "The'Government
of the United States has learned with the greatest
concern and regret of the policy of the German Gov ���
ernment to deport from Belgium a portion of the civilian population for the purpose of forcing labor in Germany and is constrained to protest in a friendly spirit
but most solemnly against this action, which is in contravention of all precedents and of the humane principles of international practice which have been long
accepted and followed by civilized nations in their
treatment of non-combatants. Furthermore, the Government of the United States is convinced that the
effect of this policy, if pursued, will, in all probability, be fatal to the Belgian relief work, so humanely
planned and so successfully carried out, a result which
would be generally deplored, and which, it is assumed,
would seriously embarrass the German Government."
Mr. W. J. Bowser, after getting released from the
cares of office, much against his will, took a trip east
early this month on a visit to his old Nova Scotia home.
While en route, he dropped off at Ottawa, and incidentally endeavored to cheer up his friends the Federal Ministers with this dope, according to the papers:
Mr. Bowser said that his defeat was mainly the frame
of mind, depression following quickly upon great prosperity. Mr. Bowser declared that, from a Federal
standpoint, things in British Columbia are verv favorable for the Conservatives. "I look," he said, "for
the return of a substantial majority of those supporting
the Borden Government." As to prophesying, people
who remember the clinical bulletins and hopeful prognostications issued by the late Premier of British Columbia relative to the prospects of his own party, then
in the throes of dissolution, will not consider his promise of Federal Conservative success in this Province
a very happy augury.
The Central Powers will find that Italy is yet to be
reckoned with, in addition to the good start already
made, as a verv potent factor in the remaining rounds
of the great world war. An American-Italian editor,
recently returned from a six months' visit to the Italian front, gives a most interesting account of his experiences in the San Francisco Bulletin, in which he
states that the heroism,' valor and skill of the Italian
soldiers has made the downfall of Austria certain.
"In the wonderful vchievements of the Italian armv,
which has commanded the admiration of the world, I
see, strange as it may appear," he says, "the death
sentence of militarism. Italy has accomplished in one
short year of war what it took Germany and Austria,
with their militarist system, twenty-five years to do.
At the outbreak of the war, Italy had 300,000 soldiers;
a year later she had 4,000,000 men, thoroughly armed
and equipped, and all men of from 20 to 40 years of
age. Thev are taken from every trade and profession,
and, after a few months of strenuous training, are
sent straight to the front, where they are displaying
the most surprising efficiency, besides bravery and
heroism. t��MC�� ��
New Weeteninster. B.t    Dec. 22,1816
Published every i ridav ffpni lift (
New Westiiiin^tfi'. f��. C, Wy lilie
& Publishing Cc-, ! tp.
es,   761 Carnarvon  Street,
i i  Canadian Printing
Editor and Manager
Subscription Prices;���$1.00 per an
months; 25c. for three month
Advertising rah'
��� nm i
;  10c.
ii advanre
per month
50c.   for six
5c per copy.
���The words of the age-old. familiar greeting will
seem to thousands this Christmastide - the third in
which the embattled hosts of Europe, including our
own Cauadian boys, have been encamped on the hard-
fought, blood-drenched field-as almost an impertinence and a mockery. To us even in Canada the great
and terrible world war, whereof the end is by no
means yet in sight, has come home during the last
twelve months more closely and keenly than ever.
Tens of thousands more of Canada's sons are overseas and in the trenches than were there a year ago,
and many more chairs are vacant in Canadian homes
that never will be filled. The iron has entered into
the souls of thousands in this land, who have joined the
vast fellowship of world-wide suffering which the war
has created. In this dark Gethsemane of loss and pain,
which many have experienced to the full and which
hangs like a dark pall over all, the light-hearted usual
Christmas thoughts and greetings seem sadly out of
place and inadequate to express feelings and emotions
too deep and poignant almost for expression. And yet
is not the dark pall glorified as with a golden radiance
by the spirit of high courage, noble endeavor, and
generous devotion���of unselfish giving, to the last full
measure���of frefly offered sacrifice, even to the
supreme sacrifice���which those who have gone from
us, some never to return, have manifested in their
lives and in their deaths ?���the true Christmas spirit,
exemplified and sanctified once for all by the Great
Exemplar whose Incarnation we commemorate in the
day, and of whom it is written: "He gave His life a
ransom for many." Who left this testimony to the
ages: "He that would save his life shall lose it; but
he that will lose (or give) his life shall find it."
Of those who have answered the call of this greatest
Crusade, even with their lives, may we not feel with
something of pride and something of envy that they
have given the supreme gift which they had to bestow in a great and an enduring cause and shall not
fail of their reward, in the grateful remembrance of
-humanity and posterity and in the finding again many-
fold of that which they willingly laid down ? Because
of the sacrifices made by these and others by land and
sea, not forgetting those in the home lands who give
up and for the loved ones in the fierce fray, and including those who have fallen and who yet shall fall
and those who still fight on or retire battle-scarred,
"Merry Chrisimas" shall yet come again to countless
children and children's children in many fair lands,
else ground, hopeless, beneath the iron heel of the
oppressor and destrover.
The famous Scott confession is out���that is one
thing accomplished by the latest Vancouver by-election.
It was published first in the Vancouver press open to
the opponents of Hon. M. A. Macdonald, after the
latter had challenged them to publish it, if they wished,
and assured them of immunity from prosecution so
far as he. was concerned. Certainly, it proved a very
harmless Damocles sword to "M. A.," once it was
released, as was proved by the third triumphant win
he has just scored with the Vancouver electorate.
Still hanging suspended over his head, uncertain,
darkly suggestive, mysteriously menacing, it might,
had Scott's standing been other than it is, have lessened somewhat the emphasis of Macdonald's third
consecutive endorsement within the year.
Taken as a whole and in connection with other conflicting sworn testimony by Scott himself, and directly
contradictory sworn statements by another political
operator of at least equal credibility, and unexcep-
tkrahly supported, Scott's so-called confession, while
containing an adm'ssion (inferentially denied in other
sworn testimony of his own) that he himself did attempt to procure some "pluggers" in Seattle, to
counter-balance alleged* Conservative efforts in the
same direction, certainly does not implicate Mr. Macdonald or any other responsible Liberal in responsibility for such work, and fails altogether in the crucial
matter of indicating from whom he got the money
($2,500 altogether, he says) for the Seattle operations.
A heavily-built, dark-complex icned stranger, abut
five feet seven, about forty \ ears of age, and wearing
a bla k moustache ;md a coon-sl in coa . was the nearest he could como ro idemir- mj' d <��� man with the Lag.
As to $250 "which he deotar.'!- he r<e!ved from Macdonald for campaign liquidation pt-'n'ot'es, but which
he (Scott) says he on nis own initiative, paid to
Annance to defray the hitter's trial and defence on
the charge by the Li e als of procuring impersoration,
Annance, in his sworn statement, savs he never received a cent from Scott, and Annance's solicitor, Mr.
Dugald Donaghy, says Annance had no money and he
defended him for not!.ing but a promise to pay some
Round or
Cake Pans, plain tubed and scalloped, 15c to 50c each
Story Cake Pans, round and square,    40c to 75c each
Cooks Knives, Mixing Spoons, Kitchen Forks, Etc.
\nderson   (St   Lusby
' 634 Columbia St.
Royal City Pork Butchers
737 Columbia St. 309 Sixth St.
We make a specialty of Cooked Meats.     Our
Properly Cooked Hams, Veal Loaf, Etc.,
are in great demand.
Phone 219
time in the future.
Another noteworthy and pi incipal feature of the
Scott narrative is the admission, rather the matter-of-
fact recital, that he was engaged to do regular and
legitimate political work, and was paid in a regular
and certified way, and that even the Seatttle work
which he set out to do was perfectly regular and legitimate���namely, to secure Vancouver registered voters
who had removed to Seattle or vicinity, and also to
"keep tab" on irregular operations which there was
good reason to believe Conservative agents were carrying on with the object of securing "pluggers" from
Seattle. Afterwards, Scott naively suggests, it was
found so expensive to mobolize the legitimate Vancouver registered voters in the adjoining State, that
it was decided to substitute the same number of
"pluggers," at least sufficient to balance the "pluggers" which he had positive evidence the Conservative
agents were assembling in Seattle for the Vancouver
election. This Scott apparently considered justifiable,
and, while he does not directly state that M. A. Macdonald or other Liberals were parties to this departure
from his regular, legitimate activities, ambiguously
seeks to convey that impression. At the same time,
he relates that Macdonald repeatedly told him, on election eve, when suspicion had got round in Vancouver
that crooked work was to be attempted in both camps,
to prevent it, if possible, by the Conservatives, and
"cut it out" so far as the Liberals were concerned.
As illustrating how little dependence is to be placed
in even the "half truths" of Scott's "confession,"
at any rate until after the document and its putative
author had been subjected to a searching cross-examination, we have, besides Scott's own conflicting
testimony, tSie voluntary sworn statement of Peter
Annance, convicted at the instance of the Liberals of
"inciting to personation" in the same election, that:
"I never heard M. A, Macdonald's name used as
having supplied any mpney or being a party to any
money being paid out $n! connection with my defense
or in any wav in connection with said by-election,"
To which he added the rather significant statement
that Scott had told him, on a certain occasion, that, if
he "knew of any of the Liberal candidates who were
mixed up in this plugging proposition, that he would
absolutely make them 6ome through"���a suggestion
that Scott contemplated} adding blackmail to his other
diversified violations of the moral and criminal codes.
PHONES   15 and 16
 Dealers in	
���    Crushed Rock, Sand and  Gravel,   Lime,   <2e-
%' ment. Plaster, Drain Tile. Etc.
Forge, House and Steam Coal.   Agricultural Lime
902 Columbia Street
New Westminster, B. C.
According to late despatches, the Greek Government (that is, King 'Tino's) has completely complied
with the terms of the Allies' ultimatum, and asks the
resumption of "traditional relations with the Entente,
based on reciprocal confidence." It also "hopes the
Entente will reconsider the blockade decision." Which
recalls the ancient warning to beware the Greeks,
bearing gifts.
In all the Allied countries unmistakable public expression of distrust of the Kaiser's so-called peace
proposals has been given, and the united formal answer of the Entente expected shortly will doubtless
demand the Kaiser show his hand before peace negotiations will be considered. Complete restitution,
full reparation, and effectual guarantees for the future was well expressed by Lloyd-George in his maiden speech as Premier as the minimum Allied basis
of peace negotiations with Germany, In the meantime, the war is being pushed by the Allies more vigorously than ever, while President Wilson has broken
out in another long note, in which he asks all the belligerents to say what they are fighting about and when
they will probably get through, as it's getting on
Uncle Sam's nerves. ���
/ JTiday and Saturday
More Sensational Than  "The Cheat"
Charles Chaplin
"ONE A. M."
97/ondai/ and Zfuesday,   2W. 25-26
A Thrilling Picturization of the Stage Success
LIFE   OF"   ��]
0f Special Santa Claus Matinee for the Kiddies
9 \un
New Westminster, B.C.,  Dec. 22, 1916
Page I
LOCAL AND GENERAL.   THE OITY COUNCIL.   *^>><^>>m,,m^^*<^>��^-&**<m( ',^x.**.x~x-:^k^^x~:~x^
The $28.35 raised by the Business Girls'
Club at the ir recent sale of work and tea
will be used to bring Christmas cheer to
\     deserving local people.
Mr. F. L. Kerr, the enterprising proprietor of the Qaison, has taken over
the Opera House and will run it as a
side show.
As next Monday is Christmas day, the
City Council held the meeting due for
that date on Thursday (yesterday) afternoon at 4 o'clock.
Dr. S. C. McEwen, who was operated
upon for appendicitis at the Royal Columbian Hospital on Sunday, is making
satisfactory progress toward recovery.
Major Cyrus W. Peck, son of Mr.
Wesley Peck, of this city, is now Lieut. -
Col. Peck, O. C. 16th Battalion, Canadian Scottish, winning his high honors
on the firing line.
A recruiting concert to raise more men
for the 242nd Foresters Battalion was
given Wednesday evening in the Columbian block. Mr. David Whiteside, M.
L. A., presided and a good programme
was given.
The City Council is considering giving
employment to some old men to pick out
waste paper at the civic garbage dump.
An offer of $4 per ton for waste paper
has been made by a paper making company.
The marriage of Mr. Walter Campbell
Brown, youngest son of Mr. and Mrs. J,
C.Brown, Columbia \ street, and Miss
Maude McBraire Smith, will take place
on Dec. 27 in St. Mary's Church, Oak
Bay, Victoria.
Mr. W. A. Handcock is the latest
Aldermanic candidate to throw his hat
into the ring and jump on it. He says
he'll eat the hat if he isn't given a show
to talk through it at the Municipal round
table. The chances are "Billy'��" need
an emetic.
The 225th Battalion band under Bandmaster F. W. Smith gave a concert Sunday afternoon, in the Industrial building
at Queen's Park. Sergt. Severn and B.
(j. M. S. Hadden sang two solos. It is
proposed to make these Sunday afternoon
concerts a regular event throughout the
The formal opening of the Returned
Soldiers' Club in this city took place last
evening, having been postponed to that
date from last Saturday. The club is located on the whole of the second floor of
the Thompson block on Columbia street,
above the Ford garage, and almost opposite the City Hall.
At the regular meeting of the Women's
Auxiliary ol the Royal Columbian Hospital, held Monday afternoon, it was decided to hold a wlSst drive on the evening of January 4th, the receipts ol the
same to be used for the purchase of linen
for the use of the hospital. The place
will be announced at a later date.
At a concert held in the Kdison Theatre, Sunday evening, in aid of the Canadian Tobacco Fund, Judge W. \V. B.
Mclnnes, of Vancouver, delivered a vigorous and eloquent patriotic address.
Those contributing to the musical part of
the programme were Messrs. Walter J.
Stevenson, Alex. Wallace and A. G.
The 225th Kootenay Battalion will give
a dance in the Hotel Russell this (Friday) evening, commencing at 8:30. The
battalion orchestra, under Bandmaster
F. Warner Smith, will provide music.
Bandsmen P. Halliwell and A. Brown
will act as masters of ceremonies. The
proceeds will be donated to the battalion
ba'nd fund.
Pte Gordon Drew, nephew of Dr. G.
K. Drew, of this city, returned to New
Westminster on Monday evening. He
went to the front and was wounded anil
taken prisoner on April 19. It was lound
necessary to amputate one arm, and, after spending less than one month in a
German prison hospital, he was exchanged,
Capt. D. K. Carleton, of Chilliwack,
and formerly City Clerk of Chilliwack,
has been appointed to command the
overseas company of 250 men being recruited by the 104th Regiment. Capt.
Carleton went overseas with the first
Canadian Expeditionary Force in command of a company. At Festubert in
May, 1915, he was wounded in the foot
by shrapnel, and was invalided home,
but has now fully recovered.
There is a good deal of uncertainty as
lo what retail stores in the city will keep
this week, which is the last shopping
week before Christmas. Some oi the
merchants intend keeping their stores
open every evening this week including
(Saturday. Others announce that they
will be closed on Saturday afternoon aud
'���veiling but open the other evenings in
the week. The hardware merchants announce that their stores will be open on
Friday evening and closed ou Saturday
as usual.
A memorial service was held in Knox
Presbyterian Church, last Sunday morning, in memory of the late James Walker,
superintendent of Knox Sunday school,
who is believed to have perished when
the halibut fishing steamer "Onward
Ho," was lost off tlie coast of Alaska
nearly one year ago. At the evening
service, a second honor roll was unveiled
liy Lieut.-Col. Mackay of the 225th Battalion, assisted by Lieut.-Col. F. H.
Cunningham of tiie K)4th Regiment,
One company from each unit attended
the services.
' One of the latest to announce himself
as a candidate for Aldermanic honors at
the forthcoming municipal election is
Mr. S. P. Mark, ar- ident of this city
I i the pant eighteen years. Mr. Mark
�� 11 run a policy of strict economy He
believes that every department of the
civic administration ulit-uld he nvcsti-
gated. He would go after ev ry industry
possible for this city. Bx- Mil. Lynch
has also declared his intention of entering the contest. The others so far ii
the field are: Aid. Wm. HeAdan , Mr.
A L Lavery, and Mr. Stun Wade. It
is possible that two or thrt- mo < i.f the
retiring Aldermen may stand.
Government Control of All Nickel Mined Endorsed���Resolution for Nationalizing Patriotic Fund Negatived���
Christinas Grants to Hospitals, Etc.
The City Council, at its regular meeting Monday night, endorsed a resolution
from the Duncan Board of Trade, wliich
will be forwarded to the Dominion Government, asking that all nickel mined
in this Province be placed under Government control. In this connection, it was
pointed out that SO per cent, of the
nickel in the world is mined in Canada,
and it is believed that a large proportion
of the nickel mined is going to Germany.
The Government will be asked to erect a
smelter to handle the nickel mined in
A resolution from the Langley Municipal Council, urging the Dominion Government to assume control of the collections for the Canadian Patriotic Fund,
was not endorsed by the City Council,
the Aldermen expressing the opinion
that the fund was well handled under
the present system, and that more money
could be collected by the voluntary system than by taxation.
The question of securing a rebate from
the Dominion Government of the charge
of $1,125 for the use of the Dominion
dredge King Edward in removing sand
from the river bed for the laying of a
water main over the Fraser River, will
betaken up with Mr. II. S. Clements,
M.P., who is acting for Lieut -Col. J. D.
Taylor, M. 1'., while the latter is at the
front, As the main was laid for Richmond municipality, the account will also
be sent to that municipality.
A rebate of approximated $11 will be
made to the Canadian Products Company
Limited, being the discount on its water
and light accounts for November. The Co.
complained that it did not receive these
accounts in lime to have them forwarded
to the head office in Vancouver for payment, so as to take advantage of the rebate. In future such accounts will be
rendered more promptly.
The Council msde the following grants
to hospitals and other benevolent institutions: Royal Columbian Hospital, $100;
St. Mary's Hospital, $50; Providence
Orphanage, $50; True Blue Orphanage,
$50; Salvation Army, $25. The annual
grants provided for in the estimates,
$500 to the Providence Orphanage, and
$180 to the True Blue Orphanage, were
ordered paid.
To replace the two light standards on
Columbia street, broken recently by automobiles, the City Council authorized
the Light Committee to purchase two
standards from Mr. G. Allers Hankey,
at $75 each. These are now in use on
Carnarvon street in front of the Hotel
Russell and will lie removed. New lights
were ordered placed at the corner of
Wintrip and Richmond streets, and 6th
and Blackford streets.
The contract for printing the new voters' list for the city was awarded to the
Jackson Printing Co. at $1.60 per page,
provided the work is done in the city
Aid. Eastman tabled plans for electric
hoist gates for the Lulu Island bridge.
The installation would cost some thousands, he said.
Protest Against Proposal to Close Fraser River Fishing���Premier Brewster
Invited to Address Luncheon.
Among other business transacted by
the Board of Trade at its regular monthly
meeting, Tuesday night, was a resolution
of protest to the Dominion Government
against the proposal of Mr. Ylenry Bell-
Irving, of Vancouver, that the Fraser
River be closed to salmon fishing for
three years from 1918. It is pointed out
in the resolution that such action would
be useless unless similar regulations be
made affecting the Puget Sound waters.
The Government will also be urged to
greater efforts to reduce the hair seal
herds which prey on spring salmon. The
Board decided on this action after discussing the whole question at a number
of meetings, at one of which Mr. F. H.
Cunningham, Chief Inspector of Dominion Fisheries for British Columbia gave
his views. The Board also decided to
hold a series of luncheons in the city, at
which men prominent in public life in
the Dominion and prominent visitors to
the coast will be asked to speak. The
first of these will be held shortly, and an
invitation will be sent to Premier Brewster to deliver an address.
Mr. L. B. Lusby was delegated by the
Board to take up with the Provincial
Government the question of having the
bridge tolls on a daily C. N. R. workmen's train between Port Mann and this
citv remitted, At present this train stops
al ihe south end of the Fraser River
bridge, and Port Mann employees who
live in New Westminster walk across the
bridge Into town. This train will run
right into the city if the collection of
tolls is waived.
Mr. C. O. Stewart, manager of the local branch of the B. C. Grain Growers'
B. C. agency, was elected a new member
of the Board.
The People's ��|
Main Store     -     193 and 194
Sapperton branch       -       373
West End branch       -       650 1
Three Big Stores       $
of  Plenty I I
V/fAY this Christmas Season be
a Bright and Happy one to
11 all, is the wishes of the manage-
^? ment and staff of
O all our Friends and
|   M.     Customers we wish ;;
and a Bright  and  Pros- f
I is i /vr / t,je:jo~\
,;  <^����<^<>��<����<>����M'������i>��<������������������������������������������������������������������
Eyestrain and Wrinkles
Go together���both are brought
on by.attempting to read or
work WITHOUT Glasses when
Glasses are NECESSARY !
We can tit you with becoming Eyeglasses that will enable you to see
clearly without Eyestrain or Wrinkles
Let us supply the Glasses to-day.
H. Ryall
Druggist and  Optician
J++A+++4++++++*1*>A*+**++*<* ����������������������������������������������������������������?
If you are Looking for Real
SNAPPY Things, where Style,
Distinctiveness, and Originality
are dominant factors, then select your MEN'S GIFTS at
at prices that  are   RIGHT
Quality, Quantity and Service  is our
Phones:  150-732
Belyea & Company, Ltd.
827 Carnarvon Street
611 Columbia St.
New Westminster
The Vancouver Election.
The expected happened in the Vancouver by-election of yesterday, both
Ministers appealing for re-election being
returned by handsome majorities. As
the opposition of the dissatisfied Liberal
faction was all direc^d against Hon. Mr.
Macdonald, his vote was naturally some
what pulled down, being 5,011 to Hon.
Ralph Smith's 7,319, and D. E. McTag-
gart's 3,866, The Brewster Government
is to be congratulated on the return of
all its Ministers, the country on the fact
that the Government can now get dawn
to its great reconstructive work; Mr,
Macdonald on his emphatic vindication
again, and Mr. McTaggart and his lackers on Un- fact that they have shown the
proverbial independence of the Liberal
party wi'lin itself.
The Vancouver ho i e vote in Ihe general election gave M cdoi aid 7.126, Ralph
Smith 6,537, and Bow>er (the highest
opponent) 5,463.
City  Market.
Turkeys to right of them, turkeys to
left of them, turkeys all round them
gobbled and grumbled. Some of the
turkeys were geese���geese galore !���and
a lot were chickens. And some weren't
saying anything at all���because they had
got it wliere McTaggart got his. But all
were the teal thing���and soaring out of
sight. Turkeys, live,J35c to 37c; dressed, 42c to 45c; geese, 20c to 25c; ducks,
25c to 30c; hens, 18c to 23c; springs, 22c
to 25c, Meats were in good supply, at
usual prices, and the market generally
was an excellent and lively one. Eggs
condescended a little, going at 35c to
40c wholesale, and 45c to 50c retail.
Butter was going strong at 50c. Potatoes were quiet at $20 to $25 per ton and
$1.25 a sack. Apples stood at 60c to $1
per box.
"Service" in connection with your insurance may he worth more to you in
case of fire, than the amount of premium
paid, and I give it free on business
placed with me. Alfred W. McLeod,
the Insurance Man.
Phono   498
Let us help  you  to
Protect Your Property
From Fire
by writing   Insurance   in   sound,
reliable Companies.
VHn. McAdam
Room 1, Hart Block
Will keep your tea or coffee
warm and you will enjoy
your lunch.
We can sell you Thermos
Bottles and. Lunch Kits.
T. J. TRAPP & CO., Ltd.
Store 59       Office 196
Machinery  and   Auto   Dept.   691
Money to Loan    Farms
for Sale
Notary Public
Block, Columbia and Mc-
Reuzie J
New    Wellington,
Lump, Nut, pea
and SlacK
Foot Sixth St.        Phone 105 Pa*e4
New Westminster. B.C., Dec. 22, 1816
Thinks "Tanks' Served Purpose.
On the occasion of his recent visit to
Washington, where he spoke before the
National Geographic Society on the
"Human Side of Trench Warfare," Capt.
John Hay Beith of the Argyll and Sutherland Highlanders and widely known
in the United States as Ian Hay, author
of "The First Hundred Thousand," in
answer to numerous questions, threw
interesting sidelights on phases of the '
European war which are not touched
upon, customarily, in despatches from
the front.
"The widely-heralded British 'tanks'
have served their purpose, and I doubt
very much whether they will play any
further important role in the war,'' declares Captain Beith, who was one of
the machine-gun officers having charge
of the training of the gun crew for the
"The 'tanks' are essentially a weapon
ot surprise. They made their advent on
the firing line at the supreme psychological moment, Our troops had virtually
reached an impasse in the Tbiepval
woods, which the Germans had fortified
and refortified until it seemed humanly
impossible to make any further headway.
Then came the 'tanks,' secretly made,
piece bv piece, all over England and
shipped to a point of assembly ou the
Somme front. Not even the men whom
I was training as a gun crew for one of
these ponderous but astonishingly flexible death-dealers knew the kind of juggernaut in whicli they were to opi-rate
until they were readv lor the terror-
spreading assault. The surprise to the
Germans was complete, and Tbiepval
was ours. But now that the limitations
of the 'tank' are known to the enemy its
usefulness is no longer exceptional.
"While there must still be a vast
amount of important fighting on the
western front, it is the general belief of
many of our officers that the war will be
won from the southeast. Firm in this
belief, the British, French and Italians
are making phenomenal preparations at
Saloniki, and in the spring the world
will be amazed bv the gigantic stroke
which will be delivered from this quarter."
Another Oliver Banquet.
About one hundred and fifty people
gathered in the Agriculiural Hall, Coquitlam, last Saturday evening, to celebrate by a banquet the return toy accla
mation, that day, as member for Dewdney Riding, of Hon John Oliver, Minister of Agriculture and Railways in the
Brewster Government. Both ladies and
gentlemen participated in the banquet,
and among those present were a number
from this city, including Mr. David
Whiteside, M. 1\ P., Aid. Jardine, and,'
Messrs. R. C. McDonald, D. Douglas
and R. Buckland, president, secretary,
and treasurer respectively ef the local
Liberal Association. Mayor MeKenzie, of
Port Coquitlam, was toastmaster, and
among the speakers of the evening, besides Hon. John Oliver and Mr. David
Whiteside, M.P.P., were Aid. Jardine,
Dr. Sutherland, Rev. Mr. Campbell,
Aid. H. Keith, Maxwell Smith, and D.
McLean. The banquet proper whicli was
served by the ladies of Coquitlam, reflected credit on their hospitality and
ability as caterers.
the production of these commodities.
Other speakers of the evening were Dean
Klinck, of the University of British Columbia, and Mr. E. W. Hogan, of the
Agricultural Department. Hon. Jthn
Oliver, Minister of Agriculture, presidtd.
He congratulated the exhibitors on the
splendid specimens at the show. He
also stated that he was willing to assist
the producers of the Province in every
way that was in his power.
Australia and Conscription.
"The referendum on con-cription
which we have had recently in Australia
has shaken the political life of the Commonwealth to its very foundations. But
I would like to emphasize that Australia
is just as patriotic to-day as she was the
first day of the war, and the spirit of the
people "is that they are quite as determined to win as ever. Australia will be
one of the last countries to quit, and 1
say this despite the impression which
seems to prevail in some quarters to the
contrary, and despite a big headline
which I saw in a San Francisco paper
saying 'Australia Quits,' " said Mr. 1.
Symes, proprietor of the Tingha Advocate, and general manager of tlie Tinejia
Consolidated Tin Mines, Tingha, X. S.
\V., to a representative of the Province
at the Hotel Castle the other day. Mr.
Svmes is on a world tour via Chicago,
New York, London and Paris, and, besides being interested in the newspaper
and the mines referred to, is a member
of the Guyrashire County Council, X. S.
W., and is a strong advocate of conscription in Australia.
When asked why the conscription referendum in Australia failed, he attributed the result largely to Premier Hughes'
delay ,in putting the question to the
"When Hughes came back, the entire
country was ready for him to ask it to
consent to conscription at once, but he
wasted too much time flying kites to see
how the political wind was blowing. The
people were like a horse keen on the bit,
but the driver hesitated and the horse
got cool," he said, speaking metaphorically of his estimate of the situation.
'By this delay, Hughes gave his political and personal enemies ample time to
undermine his prestige, and they did it
effectually," he went ou lo say. "In
the meantime, the papers and associations all over the country were asking
him to say what he wanted. The workers of Australia, too, were prepared at
that time to accept conscription and
would have voted for it, and, if the Premier had not hesitated, he would have
carried the country with him The women's votes also counted for a good deal
in the fight. The forces against conscription sent out tons of literature, much of
which 1 believe contained untrue statements, but it had the effect of making
the women's vote an emotional one, in
which the proportions of the question
from the standpoint of the Empire at
large were lost sight of," said Mr.
Liberal Organization Meeting.
Ou Friday evening last, a meeting of
representative Liberals of the New Westminster Federal District���embracing the
municipalities of New Westminster City,
Burnaby, Richmond, Delta, Surrey, and
Langley���was held in the liberal Club
rooms, Westminster Trust block, this
city, to further the matter of organization, begun at a previous informal meeting at the same place about a month ago,
on which occasion a committee was
formed to draft a constitution.
At Fridav's meeting, which was presided over'by Mr. R. C. McDonald,
president of the local Liberal Association,
and at wliich Mr. Thos. Kidd, chairman
of the first meeting was also present, the
committee on constitution, consisting of
President McDonald and Secretary D.
Douglas, presented a complete draft of
the proposed constitution, which was
provisionally adopted, with a few minor
amendments, by the meeting, and referred, for filial review, to a subsequent
general meeting, which the president
and secretary were authorized to call. ,
On motion, the date for this general
meeting was fixed for the third Friday
in January, the 19th prox., at the same
time and place. It will be of a more formal nature than the previous meetings,
composed of delegates representative of
the entire Federal district, on the basis
of one delegate to every five hundred
registered voters.
The Sons of Canada, and who are tliey?
The Challenged lo a deadly fra\,
With heart of steel, to dare, to do.
To   play   the   game,    in    God's    way,
Their gallant best;   iu soul array,
And these are they !
The Sous of  Canada, and who are thev?
The men who feel the forward swav,
Till blood-red hand of Iron Will
Has spent its frightfulness, its ill;
So note them; hark them; they obey--
And, these are they !
.'he Sons of   Canada, and who are they ?
Xo pretence at a vain display,���       " \
The men who make   the   battle   strong,
For right, for honor, ���with a song !
The men who smile on hope's dim day,
And these are they !
The Sons of  Canada, and who are they ?
They struggle for a later day,
When world of pain   and   strile   forgot,
The stars still shine, forget them not!
And mark their splendor while you may !
For these are thev !
The Sons of Canada, and who are they ?
The marshalled hosts on Heath's highway,
Who grapple with   the   hour's   despair,
And smite the evil lurking there,
Then pass, with  glory,   from  the  day,
And these are they !
(Alice Irene Wood in N.Y, Tribune),
New Westminster's Battalion.
It is reported that Lieut.-Col. J D.
Taylor, M.P., who went to England, is
now on his way back to Canada, accompanied by Paymaster Capt. T. H. Smith,
though a later repo.t says Capt. Smith
is remaining on duty in England.
Lieut.-Col. Taylor paid a visit to the
lighting front in company with a number
of other M.P.'s It is stated he will engage iu recruiting work upon his [return
lo Canada. A report has also been received that Capt. G. C. d'Kasuni, chaplain, has resigned his commission and
gone to France in the ranks. The 131st
has ceased to exist as a unit, being transferred to the 30th Reserve in England,and
a number of the 131st, including Lieut. F.
J. MacKenzie, are reported to have been
already drafted to the front. Sergt. W.
R. Burr, who had the option of instructional work in England, is also reported
to have gone to the front.
The Half Holiday Question.
At a largely attended meeting of the
Retail Clerk's Association, held Monday
evening, in the Labor Temple, plans
were made for the starting of a vigorous
campaign in opposition to the movement
to abandon the Saturday half holiday for
retail stores. It was proposed to divide
the city into districts and to make a personal canvass of every voter and householder in support of the Saturday half
holiday. As soon as the Christmas holidays are over, public meetings in the
interests of Saturday will be held. It
was also proposed to publish the names
of all the merchants who are in favor of
retaining the Saturday half holiday and
all of those who want it abandoned.
Meanwhile the committee from the
merchants are preparing to circulate a
petition for signature asking that a plebiscite be taken at the January civic election on the half holiday question. Those
opposing the Saturday half holiday are
asking that Wednesday be named as the
half holiday for retail stores instead of
Nilli Producers' Convention.
The first convention of the l'Vaser Valley Milk Producers' Association was held
in this city, Monday, with Mr. E. D.
Harrow, M.L.A., of Chilliwack, acting
as temporary chairman, and Mr. J. A.
Parks, of Pitt Meadows, as secretary.
Several recommendations of vital interest to the betterment of the milk industry in the valley were discussed, including whether it is in the best interests
for the organization to sell the stock,
how much should be handled, and the
price per can as a basis for securing the
stock subscriptions. Messrs C. E.
Eckart, of Chilliwack; John W. Berry,
of Fort Langley, and Chas. E. Evans
were the committee on resolutions.
There were about forty milk dealers
from all parts of the valley in attendance.
B. C. Seeds the Best.
That in all cases the seeds that are
grown in British Columbia are far superior to those imported from other sources
was the statement of Prof. Davidson, of
the Dominion Experimental Farm, Sidney, speaking at a public meeting, Friday afternoon last, in connection with
the Provincial seed fair held in this city,
The speaker further stated that he had
tried at the farm certain tests with home
grown seeds and imported seeds and had
found in every case that the germination
of the home grown seeds was in excess
of those of the imported. He was dealing with the production of field root and
vegetable seeds and was proud to say
that British Columbia he considered was
one of the beat places in   existence  for
Xmas Stockings 25c to $1.50
Local Fresh Eggs, doz 50c
Xmas Crackers...25c to $1.50
Good Cooking Eggs, doz-40c
Chocolates,   fancy  boxes,   at
10c to $1.15
Beef Suet, chopped, 2 lbs 35c
Table Figs, lb. 20c
Mixed Candies, lb. 17$ to 40c
Fancy Table Apples,   highly
colored, every apple wrapped,
box ��� $1.75
Table Raisins,   1 lb 20c
Two lbs. for 35c
Mincemeat,  lb....l7J and 25c
Jap Oranges, box 55c
Crystallized Cherries, lb...80c
Glace Cheiries, lb 75c
Dates, pkg 15c
Mixed Nuts, best quality, per
lb. at 30c
Model Grocery
Matheson & Jacobson
308 Sixth St. Phone 1001-2
East Burnaby, 2nd St. Phone 598
Edmonds, Gray Block Phone 1111L
Sapperton, Guhr Block Phone 1012
Still Confronting You ?
There are many who find it difficult to decide what to buy.
'As the hours before Christmas grow fewer the problem looms
larger. A person naturally likes to give what will prove most
satisfactory and acceptable. Have you thought of using one
of our
Merchandise Certificates
or Glove Coupons
We issue them for any amount and the recipient can  redeem
them at any time.
W. S. Gollister & Co.
The Store  for Women's Wear
P. O. Box 933
Westminster  Iron  Works
JOHN' REID,   Proprietor
General Machine Work, Engineering and
Manufacturers of  Structural and Ornamental Ironwork
New Westminster, B. G.
Office and  Works:
James & McClughan
Auto Tires & Accessories
New Westminster, B. C.
Front and Sixth Sts.     Phone 302
Let Us Do It?
You  needn't   do   your   own-
Washing or send it to a
The Royal City Laundry
(White Labor Only)
will do it for you.
PHONE 183.      814 ROYAL AYE.
PUBLIC NOTICE h hereby eiven i  der the authority of the "Wsr Measures
Act, 1914," that during t'.e fist \.eci< ia January, 1917, an inventory will be made
by the Post Office Authorities, or every na'e between the ages of sixteen and sixty
five, residing in Canada.
National Service Carda end addressed envelopes for their return to Ottawi
have been placed in tie hands of ,11 Postmasters for distribution amongut the
persons required to fill in such cards. Every male person of the prescribed i er
is required to fill in and return a card enclosed in an envelope within ten ro ���
of Lt8 receipt.
Any person who fails to receive a card and envelope may obtain t! t same
upon application to the nearest Postmaster.
Ottawa, 15th December, 1916.
Director General.
No. 4 ...$21.00
No. 6 $33.50
No. 9 $66 50
No. 10 $102.00
No. 11 $137.00
Thousands of Records, all the latest, to select
from. A large stock of Victrolas; every style and
finish. Comfortable parlors to see and hear them.
The same privacy and convenience as though in
your own home. A small cash payment, balance
easy terms, makes you the owner of one.
Model 30 $40.00
Model 50 $68.50
Model 75 $100.00
Violins, Mandolins, Banjos, lite.    : :     :      :
Pianos Sewing machines
521 Columbia St
New Westminster, B. C.


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