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The Pacific Canadian Feb 23, 1917

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Array brary,  Victoria. ���
* j
cHOV
THE   PACIFIC   CANADIAN
a
Weekly News Digest and Journal of   Observation and Comment.
=4.
Vol. I.
NEW WESTMINSTER, B. C, FRIDAY, Feb. 23,   1917.
Number 51
THE LAST GREAT ROUND.
With the realization that the present year is to be
the decisive and fateful one of the war, and that all
the forces of the Empire mnst be rallied to insure that
the Allies shall be able to meet and overcome the last
desperate shock of arms that the Central Powers are
straining every resource to prepare to launch against
the encircling and constricting cordon of their foes,
comes the further realization that, this year, the far-
flung Dominions of the Empire must gird up their loins
to bear their part as never before in the titanic struggle. And time is the essence of the whole matter. It
is unnecessary to say that there are no illusions about
the possibility of Germany throwing up her hands and
admitting defeat until this last terrific round of Ar-
maggedon has been fought to a finish. And that the
fighting, in scope, number of men engaged and required, and in sustained intensity, will dwarf anything
heretofore seen even in this war, goes without saying.
The previously undreamed of volume of artillery fire
that the war has witnessed thus far, a military writer
suggests, will be as spray as compared to the terrific
storm of'shell and shrapnel that shall deluge the battle-
fronts for hundreds of miles. The forces of a sort
which Germany alone has scraped up for this final fatal
throw will exceed, it is said, the greatest number she
has yet had in the field. So no easy victory is before
the Allies.
Such being the situation, What does it demand ?
We can not do better than to quote the answer to that
question which an Eastern contemporary, a religious
weekly of high standing, the Presbyterian and Westminster, supplies: "It demands action, swift and
tremendous. It demands that now, at this final crisis
of the war, every ounce of energy possessed by the
Allies should be thrown into the conflict. That the
Motherland is acting upon this principle is evident.
But the other British Dominions must follow her example. At such a moment none can afford to take a
chance. No available assistance can be spared. Are
we doing our best in Canada ? The answer can hardly
be doubtful. We are not. We are neither doing our
duty to our countrv nor the brave fellows who represent us at the front. We have four divisions (that is,
a little over a hundred thousand) in France. We could
furnish one or two more if we wished to do so; but we
are not even sending the necessary reinforcements for
those who are there. Men who went over with the
first contingent, some who have been repeatedly
wounded, are in the firing line. Every one who has
been at the front has the same story to tell of battalions
far under strength carrying on and doing the work
that should properly fall to a whole battalion."
Canada has deservedly received credit for the
promptness with which she responded to the call of
the Empire and the cause of humanity on the outbreak
of the war, and for the many splendid men she has
voluntarily contributed, who have won undying fame
on the battle field; but the situation for some time,
with the need growing greater, and the supply of men
from the Dominion falling off, when even the number
promised by the head of the Government is 150,000
short in effective strength, is creditable neither to the
country nor to the Administration of its military and
other affairs. Unless speedily remedied, in fact, it
must be keenly felt as a reproach, if not a disgrace, to
Canada, which began so well but failed to rise to the
occasion in the hour of supreme need, even to 1he extent of supporting its own brave sons which it sent to
the front. It is little wonder, then, that the demand
is becoming widespread, almost spontaneous, throughout Canada that something must be done to remedy
this highly unsatisfactory and discreditable state of
things.and that without delay- and that judgment must
begin with the responsible Government of Canada,
whose imperfections and non-effectiveness, born of its
non-representative, narrow, partisan character, must
be remedied by a radical reconstruction on broad coalition or national lines. The press of the country is
more and more echoing such a demand, and representative public bodies as well, such as the Ministerial
Association of Winnipeg, which lately passed a resolution reviewing the facts and calling for the reconstruction of the Government on thoroughly representative lines, so that it will "possess as far as
possible the confidence of the whole people of Canada,"
and be able to "command the utmost contribution of
men and munitions and wealth that Canada can furnish" and "meet the difficult problems of the reconstruction that will follow the war."
It is significant in this connection that the strong
Hughes Government of the Australian Commonwealth
has finally had to succumb to the demand for a more
MASSACRE  BY FAMINE.
As one result of the deliberate policy of extermination of the non-Mohammedan peoples of Asia
Minor practiced by the fitting ally of the atrocious
Hun, the "unspeakable Turk," a terrible famine is
ravaging the Holy Land, as set forth in a recent appeal for relief in the London Times, signed by the
Bishop of London, the Bishop or Jerusalem, Rev. Jno,
Brown, Moderator of the Church of Scotland; Rev.
Geo. Smith, Moderator of ihe United Free Church,
Scotland; Henry MacMahon, chairman of the London
committeo, and J. Deacon,  honorary treasurer.
The appeal states that the latest news reveals extremely serious conditions in Syria and Palestine, and
many thousands of the inhabitants are starving. In
one district alone, a careful estimate made on the spot
put the deaths from this cause at fully 80.000. Many
villages have lost fully half their population. Cholera,
typhus, and other diseases are rampant. Children are
being sold in the streets at a Shilling apiece.
One eye-witness thus describes the harrowing
scenes in the famine devastated districts : "We passed women and children lying on the roadside with
closed eyes and ghastly pale faces- It is a common
thing to find people searching garbage heaps for orange
peel, old bones, or other refuse, and eating them greedily when found. At three different places we visited
were camps of women and children where any man
could select a child or woman and take them with him,
dragging them along by the hair. This widespeead
suffering has been caused by the deliberate policy of
starvation." Lord Grey is quoted, in support of this
statement, as having declared, in October last, "that
there has gone on in Turkey, on a scale unprecedented
and with horror unequalled, an attempt to exterminate
the Christian population. Massacre by the swoM is
terrible enough; massacre by famine is tenfold worse."
"At the moment," continues the appeal, "we seem
powerless to meet the appalling situation. "If, how-
ever, the success of the Allied operations permits, it
may be possible to bring relief to the sufferers even
before the close of the war. In any case* needed supplies of food, medicine and clouiing should be poured
in as soon as ever this becomes possible. They can be
bought and stored in Egypt, whence they can be conveyed in a few hours to the ports of entry in the Holy
Land when opportunity offers. A small beginning has
been made, but at least ��50,000 should be forthcoming
if anything like an adequate supply is to be ready."
"No country on the face of the earth," the influential British relief committee above quoted concludes,
"should make a stronger appeal to the people of all
classes in tho British Isles than that in which Our Lord
lived, and to which we owe the Scriptures and our
whole religious inspiration. Now is the time to help.
We appeal with confidence of help in trying to meet
the needs of those innocent sufferers. An office has
been opened in a church house in Deans Yard," Westminster, by the honorary secretary of the Syria and
Palestine Relief Fund."
"If, however, the success of the Allied operations
permits, it may be possible to bring relief to the sufferers even before the close of the war," says the
appeal of the Bishops and their coadjutors on behalf
of the tortured and murdered Christian peoples of
Palestine. "The enfranchisement of populations subject to the bloody tyranny of the Turk; the expulsion
from Europe of the Ottoman Empire"���were among
the objects sought by the Aliies, as set forth in the
Allied reply to President Wilson, a little over a month
ago. Where is the spirit of chivalry and knight*
errantry, to say nothing of vaunted liberty and common humanity, in the Greal Republic, that even yet
they arc chaffering and jockeying with the bloody-
minded Hun, aider, abettor, and out-doer of his
infamous accomplice the Turk instead of, at; this
eleventh hour, hastening to join this last and greatest Crusade, to rescue, not the Holy Sepulchre from
defilement by the infidels, but the quivering and bleeding body of Christendom, in Europe as well as in Asia,
from the hands of its ravagers and murderers?
representative war Government, which the despatches
announce has been formed on coalition lines, with the
leader of the Opposition holding ono of the most important portfolios. When our Dominion Parliament
resumes in April, after Sir Robert Borden returns
from attendance at the sittings of the Imperial War
Cabinet in London, it will be up to the Borden Government to take the people of Canada into its confidence
with as little delay as possible, and say whether it is
lo be a thorough reconstruction on non-party lines for
the remainder of the war at least, or a general election. One oi the other it must be; for the people "will
not consent, jn this vital world-, Empire, and Dominion
crisis, to have things continue in the government of
Canada as they are.
HERE AND THERE
Trying to do business without advertising, remarks
a sophisticated contemporary, is like winking, at a
pretty girl through green goggles. You'know what
you are doing, but nobody else-not even the pretty
girl���does. There are people, though, dense enough
to try to do business on those lines.
How about a little National Service in the sugar industry? asks the B. C. Federationist, and adds: "If
the Government 'Dominion) had the sagacity or sincerity of a gopher, it would make short shrift of B. T.
Rogers' game of graft by immediately commandeering
the whole works, to be operated hereafter in the public interests. But what can one expect from a man
like R. B. Bennett, who is himself a direct beneficiary
in the sale and manufacture of war supplies."
The difficulties of journalism in the outposts of
civilization, at this season of the year, are thus graphically summarised by the Omineca Herald in a late
edition : "Our editorial writers all have the grip this
week. The devil and all the mechanical staff are also
laid up. The type is frozen and our wood is about
gone. If your subscription is not paid, send it along
now. There's the doctor to pay and the devil to pav,
and nothing to pay them with." Even in this favored
portion of the Province, this is a good time of year to
pay up subscriptions.
The Attorney-General of Alberta has fallen in with
the request of W. F. O'Connor, Dominion Commissioner on the high cost of living, by granting permission for the prosecution under the Criminal Code of
the B. C. Sugar Refining Co., Ltd., on the charge of
"criminal conspiracy" preferred bvthe Commissioner,
in connection with the raising and fixing of the price
of sugar. At this writing, British Columbia's Attor-
neyrGeneral had not taken action. It would be some
satisfaction to the consuming public to have the matter
threshed out in the courts so as to know why they
must, if they must, pay so much for sugar.
The B. C. Federationist despairs of the sanitary
condition of logging and other industrial camps in
British Columbia being improved except by such heroic
expedients as the Government going into model sawmills, coal mines and salmon canneries. That is a
rather large order, especially with the much depleted
finances left by the late Provincial Administration.
In the same issue, the Federationist gives this sensible
advice in another matter, which we would commend
to it on the industrial camp sanitation subject: "Both
wage-workers and employers should .be patient with
the new Provincial Workmen's Compensation Act
board. Necessarily it will take a little time to get
things running smoothly."
The suggestion has been made that Vancouver
Liberals may offer the nomination for the vacancy in
the representation of that city caused by the death of
the late Finance Minister to Mrs. Ralph Smith. The
woman suffrage law,, it is pointed out, becomes effective on March 1st���if the soldier vote on woman suffrage, which is being counted with the belated prohibition vote, shall then be counted and officially declared. Women will thereafter be eligible as candidates,
as well as for voters, on the same terms as men. The
offering of the Liberal nomination in Vancouver to
Mrs. Ralph Smith, and her election by acclamation,
would be a most fitting and graceful tribute to the
memory of the late Hon. Ralph Smith, as well as a
deserved recognition of Mrs. Smith's eminent fitness
for the position and a most worthy and suitable inauguration'of the political enfranchisement of women
in the fullest sense in British Columbia.
We find ourselves inclined to sympathize with the
B. C. Federationist's remark that " 'Company' orcor-
poration-owned towns are the curse of British Columbia, and breed much more than unsanitary bunk-
houses." In this connection, the following from the
Omineca Herald on the same question is most apropos
and illuminating : "There arc several closed towns in
B. C, and those towns are all conducted bv foreign
capital that secures our natural resources for a mere
pittance, and the Province derives no benefit, and the
finished product is shipped out of the country. It has
been stated that at Anyox, where the Granby people
prohibit all persons opening a business, there is sufficient business for forty merchants. The Granby company pa\ s a license of $20 per annum to handle all that
trade. At Ocean Fails a similar state of affairs exists." Reminds one of the old Crown Colony days in
British Columbia, half a century ago, when H. B. Co.
special charter privileges, until cancelled, thwarted
and strangled individual enterprise. The strict regulation and limitation of such essentially monopolistic
and oppressive capitalistic developments certainly
OJg'it to have Governmi nt attention. Pa.?e
THE PACIFIC CANADIAN
New .Westminster. B.C.,   Feb. 23, 1917
THE  PACIFIC   CANADIAN
Published every Friday from the Offices, 761 Carnarvon Street,
New Westminster, B. C, by the Pacific Canadian Printing
& Publishing Co-, Ltd.
GKO. KENNEDY.
Editor and Manager
Subscription Prices;���$1.00 per annum [in advance];   50c.   for six
months; 25c. for three months; 10c. per month;   5c. per copy.
Advertising rates on   application
THE LEGISLATIVE   SESSION.
For the  first time in a long time, the people of
British  Columbia  will be able to take a more than
perfunctory and  languid   interest  in the doings of
their Legislature; for the House that opens on Thursday next will present a startlingly different aspect in
every  respect   from   that which had been wont to
assemble at James Bay time out of mind.   The man
from Mars wouldn't be able to believe his eyes.    Both
in personnel  and  political complexion there has, as a
result of  the  general   election, been an almost complete house-cleaning, and principles and policies have
been changed no less radically.    We have a brand
new and strongly constituted Liberal Government, as
well as a new Legislature, headed by Premier Brewster, while ex-Premier Bowser, just returned rejuvenated,  it   is  reported,  from  a recuperating trip to
California,  will have  to adjust himself to the novel
situation of speaking from  the left of Mr. Speaker
as leader of the Opposition.    With a "baker's dozen"
behind him, the Opposition should be able to function
properly at least, in   the coming session;  while the
fact that there is nothing of the "rubber stamp" about
the three-to-one majority behind the new Government
guarantees, in any event, that the important Government measures to be brought down and all legislation
that may be introduced will have that close scrutiny
and thorough discussion at ali stages which it is the
especial duty of the people's representatives to give,
and which was so marked by its absence in our Provincial Legislature of late.   The recent death of Hon.
Ralph Smith, fated never to take his seat in the new
Legislature,  of which he would have been one of the
strongest and most experienced and useful members,
as he was of the Government, will cast a note of sadness and solemnity over the opening days.
HERE AND THERE
The term "Returned Soldier," as defined by Mr.
James H. Hill, secretary of the Returned Soldiers'
Commission at Ottawa, in a communication to Secretary Macpherson of the Burnaby committee, includes
any one who enlists for active service and is returned
from Great Britain or the front or is discharged prior
to proceeding overseas.
Sir Charles Hibbert Tupper, in an address at the
annual banquet of the Canadian Club in Seattle, Saturday night last, surrounded by consuls of the Allied
nations, described Canada as springing liKe the dog
unleashed when the war broke out. "We did not wait
a moment." he said, "because this conflict was between liberty, freedom, and democracy on the one
side and autocracy on the other." Canada having
contributed so largely by its volunteer system, he
added, would go further, and there would be no
slackers. He declared it was the sentiment of the
people that, "if the slackers don't go voluntarily,
they shall be taken by the scruff of the neck."
EDISON
Ttfonday and vuesday
Jed. 26-27
FAMOUS PLAYERS
Presents
PAULINE FREDERICK
-IN-
"The Slave Market"
A Romantic Tale
of   the  Spanish Main
Home Shoe
Repairing
Cobbling Sets ���
containing all the
necessary tools
$1.00
Half Soles and
Heels, Shoe Nails
and Rivets
"Economy Begins   at
Home."
Anderson   (St  Lusby
634 Columbia St.
Royal City Pork Butchers
(KENNEDY   BROTHERS) !
ii
737 Columbia St. 309 Sixth St. |
We make a specialty of Cooked Meats.     Our
Properly Cooked Hams, Veal Loaf, Etc.,
are in great demand.
NEW WESTMINSTER, B. C.
Phone 219
&Ar*&>+WrWrMrtrMrMr<r'**+*<r'.
PHONES .15 and 16
As a result apparently of an acrimonious difference
of opinion which developed between Mr. Justice Martin, of the Supreme Court of British Columbia, in his
capacity of local judge in Admiralty (to which he was
appointed in 1899), and Mr. Justice Cassels, of the
Admiralty Court at Ottawa, relative to the question
of jurisdiction in the matter of the prize Leonor now
held at the port of Victoria, the Lords Commissioners
of the Admiralty have revoked the warrant conferring
jurisdiction on the local judge in Admiralty in prize
matters. This order was a direct result of the remitting by Mr. Justice Cassels of the whole of the
proceedings in the case to an Admiralty Court in
London.
After a searching inquiry into the circumstances
under which Mr. Joseph Martin, K. C, obtained an
order from the court naming him as counsel in the
Dominion Trust insurance case before the Privy Council, at a fee of $5,000 if the suit failed and $10,000 if
it were won, Mr. Justice Murphy, on Monday, cancelled the entire former proceedings, which were in
chambers, and ordered that any further proceedings
must be in open court���stating at considerable length,
inter alia, that his former order had been based on
certain misunderstandings, including the supposition
that there were to be no further counsel fees, and that
he would not permit the court to rest under any imputation of giving largess or being a party to jobbery.
After two full weeks-Feb. 1 to Feb. 14-of the
much heralded and boasted German campaign of extra
submarine frightfulness, which was to end the war in
six weeks by reducing Great Britain to starvation, the
results have been authoritatively summarized as the
loss of less than one ship in every hundred plying in
and out of British ports, between the dates mentioned.
In this statement, issued by the British Embassy at
Washington, the tota) sailings are gjven at 4,514 and
the arrivals at 4,777���not including ?. Jpt pf smaller
������������--���-���������������-���������.������������������������I
GILLEY BROS.,tfft
 Dealers in	
$    Crushed Rock, Sand and Gravel,   Lime,   Cement, Plaster, Drain Tile. Etc.
?    Forge, House and Steam Coal.   Agricultural Lime
993 Columbia S net
New Westminster, B. C.
ix^^^*************************************
fishing and coastwise vessels. And the loss, as stated,
has been less than one ship in every hundred. The
only satisfaction Germany will have will be in the
ruthless murders committed, and that will probahly be
more than balanced by the submarines lost���concerning which Britain maintains her usual grim silence,
General Sir Douglas Haig, Commander-in-Chief of
the British armies in France, recently gave out some
remarkably candid and optimistic statements to French
newspaper correspondents with regard to pending
operations by the Allies on the western front particularly. They are ready, he said, to mtet the Germans at all points, and "we shall strike with full
force till the total destruction of the German army has
been achieved." The present year, he added, "will
be decisive." With respect to the Allies' supply of munitions, this remarkable statement was made : "As
regards munitions, we have realized the maximum.
At this moment, we can supply the Allies in excess of
their needs. We must, however, have more artillery,
especially heavy artillery. The point is not merely to
be equal to the enemy, but to overwhelm him with the
whole of our strength."
���
THE   MERCHANTS   LIMITED
New Westminster, B. C.
___������_------------_.___--.__���_---_*-_-*_������--���������__������~m~mm**~~~*~.^--���~mmmmmm���mmi���mmmmm^^mmmmrm*mmm~mmmm*mmmmmmm~mmmim^rim*mrimm^'~t
Now is the time to commence on your Spring   Sewing.
To-morrow we make a special showing of New
SPRING PIECE GOODS
Wash Goods
This season our stock is larger and more varied, comprising New Cloths and in a wide array of shades,
spots and stripes; are strongly favored and some
smart Paisley and floral designs are shown.
Muslins, Organdies and Voiles with white or tinted
grounds; from, per yard  12 1-2c to 45c
White Piques; all widths of cord and many qualities.
Per yard 15c to 50c
White Goods, as Voiles. Marquisettes, Organdies, and
many other sheer cloths; either in the plain weave or
in striped  designs.    Per yard 35c to 65c
Indian Head and Middy Cloths. Our values equal
any previous showing. Prices from, per yd 20c to 50c
Also big range of Prints, Ginghams, etc.; new designs
and fast colors;   from,  per yd 15c
Dress Goods
All the popular weaves are here as well as the novelty
cloths for smarter gowns.
Black and White Checks -Again this serviceable cloth
is amongst the foremost for Spring; our showing embodies all qualities; ranging from, per yd 35c to $1.75
Navy and Black Serges -The showing here gives you
a wide choice and qualities suitable for school wear;
up to the finer suitings; varying in price from, per
yard '. 65c to $3.50
Grey Suitings���No shade is more serviceable and
Fashion pronounces it a leader for early Spring; the
assortment includes the newest weaves, at all prices
from, per yard 85c to $2.95
Also Noveltv Cloths in the leading shades, as mastic,
purple, Copenhagen, new greens and browns.
BIG VARIETY OF
Buttons,   Notions,  Linings,  Etc.
Pictorial Review Patterns
For the Home Dressmaker we recommend this Pattern as the most accurate and giving the newest styles. We
carry a full range March Patterns now on sale. The Spring Fashion Book is a great help in the choosing of
styles at home.    Price 25c Each, entitling you to any 15c Pattern FREE. W5
New Westminster, B.C.. Feb. 23, 1917
THE PACIFIC CANADIAN
Page f
LOCAL AND GENERAL.
These are all Kodak days, if you only
thought so. Hurudall the Kodak Man
shows you how. Don't be afraid to
ask him. tc
Word has been received by Supt. Furness, of the Hoard of Works, that his
son, Pte. Ernest Furness, who was reported wounded in the arm, was at latest
accounts seriously ill.
Cable advices were received in the city,
last week, mat the draft of SOO men from
the 225th Kootenay Battalion, Queen's
Park, which left here a few weeks ago,
had arrived safely in England.
Pte James I<ewis Sangster, reported
seriously ill in hospital in London of
lobar pneumonia, has since been reported out of danger, in a cable received a
few days  ago  by his family in this city.
Manneriug & MacKenzie, plumbers,
heaters, and sheet metal workers, have
removed to new and commodious quar
ters, 55 Sixth st. (Matt Knight's old
stand), where they will be glad to see
you.    Telephone, 922. tc
Burned out of house and home���no
less than two families in this city or
vicinity within a little over a week.
Don't let it get you. See W. B. Blane,
The Man Who Insures against fire, 206-
207 Westminster Trust Bldg. tc
The third considerable snow fall of the
winter visited this part of the Province
this week, beginning on Sunday, since
which over twenty inches has fallen intermittently, making a total for the winter
of about 75 inches, as compared with
80 last winter.
Mayor Gray, President Welsh of the
Board of Trade, and Mr. David Whitb-
side, M. P. P., were down at Victoria
this week, interviewing the Provincial
Executive about various matters of importance to the city, and report satisfactory progress.
Elmer Warwick, a well known native
son of the Royal City, and Alf. Daly,
one of the first postmen put on the city
postal delivery service, both of whom
went overseas with the 131st, have paid
the supreme sacrifice, according to reports received this morning.
Fire, Sunday night, completely destroyed the residence of Mr. Reuben
Butcher, Sixteenth ave. and Eighteenth
street, Burnaby. A high wind which
was blowing at the time prevented saving
the building. The fire started in the
kitchen. The family got out of the
building safely, and succeeded in saving
some of the furnishings.
The Royal City has been called upon
to mourn the death of another of her
brave young sons, Pte. Thos. Hughie
Stoddart, nineteen years of age, who
went overseas with the 131st and tell
fighting on the Somme on Feb. 7. In
lacrosse and local athletic circles generally, Hughie Stoddart ranked high
and was deservedly popular.
The Department of Agriculture has
made arrangements for a number of lecturers to attend the spring meeting of
the Farmers Institutes of the Islands
and the Lower Mainland. The first
meeting of the Lower Mainland institutes was to be held at Ladner, on Friday
(to-day), Feb. 23. The chief speakers
scheduled were Prof. P. A. Boving and
Prof. A. McLean.
At the annual meeting of the Board of
Trade, Tuesday night, a very interesting
and encouraging review of the work and
progress of the year and the immediate
prospects was given by President C. A.
Welsh in his annual address, and also
by the chairmen of committees in their
reports. Mr. C. A. Welsh was re-elected
president by acclamation, and Mr. A,. P.
G. Macdonald and Mayor A. W. Gray
were re-elected vice-president ane] sep-
petary-treasurer respectively.
The Burnaby pour-ier (Cowan & Brook-
house, publishers, and. T- Wiedmaiiu,
editor), * bright four-page fcfflr-colmnii
weekly, which was launched during the
municipal ejections early in January, ap-
pears to have brought its knitting to the
journalistic tea-party find settled down
comfortably to stay anil bear the old
established Burnaby Record fraternal
company. Well, tljey say two can live
more cheaply than one, anyhow. Perhaps because they have to,
Mr- N. H. McQuarrie announces that
he will continue to fight, through the
courts if necessary, for his right to build
three cabins or small houses on a 66-foot
Jot owned by him on Third street between the residences of Aid. J, J. Johnston and Mr, Henry Schaake. The City
Council blocked the project by rushing
through an amendment to the Building
By-law, this week, making buildings of
the proposed size illegal within certain
areas. Mr. McQuarrie also threatens a
libel suit against Aid ^oulet for some
alleged allegation about mo,'"ex.
TENDERS.
PKOV1NC1AI.   (UOl,  NKW WKS-1 M1N-
.STBK,   It. 0.
TENDERS.
FKOVlNCIAI.    I'KISON    KAKM,    OAK.
A 1.1.A,   H. O.
TENDERS, in duplicate, sealed and
endorsed "Gaol Supplies," will be received by the undersigned up to noon
on the first day of March, 1917, for Groceries, Flour, Feed, Meat, Fish, Drugs,
Drygoods, Cloth, Tailors' Trimmings,
Shoemakers' Findings, Leather, Hardware, Coal, and such other articles as
may be required at the Provincial Prison
Farm at Oakalla, B. C, from April 1st,
J.917, to .March 31st,  191S.
Fonis of tender will be provided by
tlie Warden, on application therefor, at
the Provincial Prison Farm at Oakalla,
where samples of articles required may
also be inspected. All such articles
should be of provincial manufacture, as
far as practicable, and delivered free at
the said Provincial Farm at Oakalla as
reqmred, without any extra charge.
WM. G. McMYNN,
Warden.
Provincial Prison Farm, Oakalla. B.C.
February 14th, 1917. 2t
.BLANCHE   SWLET/zv
v " THE Evil EYE''       y
LASKY'- PARAMOUA/T ���������
EDISON THEATRE,
Friday and Saturday, Feb. 23-24
X
t
LIMITED
I Is �� r^j �� TEES~\
SEALED TENDERS, endorsed "Gaol
Supplies," for the supply of:
Groceries, Drugs, Beef, Coal, Lime,
Fish, Bread, Hardware, and such other
supplies as may be required for the
above institution from the 1st of April
1917, to the 31st March, 1918, will be received by the undersigned up to 12
o'clock noon on the 1st day of March,
1917.
All supplies lo be delivered to the
Provincial Gaol, New Westminster, B.C.,
as required, without extra charge.
All articles for use in these contracts
to be of provincial manufacture as far as
practicable.
Forms of tender  will   be supplied on
application at the Provincial Gaol, where
.samples of supplies may be examined.
A. T. TURNBULI*
Warden Provincial  Oaol at New
Westminster, 11. C.
March 1st, 1917. 21
The People's
Grocer
PHONES:
Main Store
Sapperton branch
West End branch
Three Big Stores
of  Plenty
193 and 194  2
373  |
6.50 :*:
I
4
%
Lieut.-Col. J. D. Taylor, M. P., has
returned from Ottawa, and expects to
remain over the adjournment of Parliament, until April 19th next. Col. Taylor brought the assurance from Ottawa
that the Military Hospitals Commission
had accepted the offer of the Royal Columbian Hospital to provide 300 beds for
rethrned soldiers.
BUY CANADIAN
MADE PRODUCTS
Isn't an article made
under the flag employing
local labor, and spending
their money locally, entitled to your patronage.
Quality and price being
equal.
Pacific Milk, 20 oz. tins
each 10c
Clarke's Pork and  Beans
2 tins for 25c
Clarke's Tomato Ketchup
per bottle 30c
Clarke's Soups, Vegetable
or Tomato, special per
tin   10c
"Blackeye"  small   white
Beans, special price
while they last,  per
lb 7c
Advance Showing
of Wash Materials
for Spring Wear ij
The woman who wants a distinctive dress or blouse will find
here a great variety of new and striking materials in the
newest floral and striped effects.      These perfection and  j '<
Chiffon Voiles arrived from New York last week.    They are
40 inches wide, but prices vary.-50c, 75c, 85c, $1.00 and $1.25
Exceedingly Good Value
these Lovely Wash Silks
at $1.35 Per Yard |
Obtainable in a Beautiful Array of Shades
Japanese Crepe
By a timely purchase we are able to offer you Japanese
Crepes at the old prices in all the wanted colorings. There
are numerous blues, green, pink, coral, moss, rose, helitrope,
grey and a variety in stripes; width 30 inches.   Price 25c
�����^-���m���wm
Study Seeds     I
Why Not Attend to This Today?   f
< >
We have a fine stock. Several | J
varieties grown in Westminster $
District.
We Specialize in HOME PRODUCTS
-AT-
H. Ryall
Druggist  and  Optician
UMITED
NEW WESTMINSTER. B. C.
PHONE 57
At the Opera House.
"The Marriage of Molly-O," the new
Triangle play featuring Mae Marsh and
Robert Harron. is a romantic tale of
Irish people, laid in the most romantic
location, Ireland itself. It is said that
there has never been a play presented on
the screen so true to the national spirit
as this. There are jaunting cars, land
agents, pigs, cabbages, potatoes, fights,
and a real Irish fair. This plav should
please everyone, as should "Manhattan
Madness," with Douglas Fairbanks, who
is second only to Chaplin himself. These
Triangle productions will be presented
at the Opera House on Friday and Saturday, Feb, 23-24, under the auspices of
Major I,atta Chapter I. O. D. _$., and a
good attendance is desired.
"SAFETY FIRST"
Protect yonr property by Insuring
against loss by Fire in strong, reliable Companies.
"OUR RATES ARE THE LOWEST"
Wm. McAdam
Real Estate and Insurance Broker
Room 1, Hart Block
WOOD
AND
COAL
at prices that  are   RIGHT
Quality, Quantity and Service is our
motto
Phones:   150-732
Belyea $ Company, Ltd.
827 Carnarvon Street
H-K_R_!--��ll!!-!55
Reeve A. D. Patterson, of Delta, has
been re-elected president of the Stockbreeders' Association.
At the Edison.
Pauline Frederick has played ninny
great roles on the screen, ranging from
"Zara," the French actress, and "Bella
Donna," tbe English adventuress in
the Orient, to "Audrey," the simple
American child of the forest, and the
primitive French-Canadian "Nanette of
the Wilds." Now, the great Famous
Players star appears at the Edison Theatre, on Monday and Tuesday, in the role
of a proud Spanish beauty, in the paramount picture, "The Slave Market,"
With her is Thonias Meighan, former
Lasky player, who makes his first appearance in a Famous Players production
in this picture,
Citv Market.
The week's heavy snow and cold spell,
with the consequent hard going in the
roads, reacted unfavorably on to-day's
market, which fell considerably below
the average. There was, however, a
fair supply of meats, particularly pork,
prices ranging about the same as last
week. Poultry was a very slim showing, and registered an advance, hens
bringing 22 to 25c, springs 25 to 28c,
and ducks 33 to 37c. Eggs jumped to
50c retail, 43 to 48c wholesale. Potatoes
were quoted at $45 to $50 a ton in carload lots. Apples sold at $1 to $1,25
per box.
..OPERA HOUSE..
Friday and Saturday
TRIANGLE FILM   CORPORATION PRESENTS
Douglas   Fairbanks
The Inimitable Comedian in
"MANHATTAN MADNESS"
 ALSO	
Mae Marsh & Robt. Harron
 IN������-
"The Marriage of Molly-o"
A Charming Romance with an Irish Setting
���Seed Grain-
Grass and Clover Seeds
NOW is the time to get busy on   your  requirements.
We are all ready with  the  finest  No.   1   Govern-
ment Grades of Timothy and Clovers in B. C,
Also Seed Oats, Wheat Barley, Peas, Corn, Etc.
Write us for Price  List.    We have enough   for all.
The Brackman-Ker Milling
Company, Ltd.
NEW WESTMINSTER,
B. C. *>���*�� *
THU PACIFIC CANADIAN
New Westminster. B.C., Feb. 23, 19i?
SYMPOSIUM ON PEAT.
Mr. Thos. Kidd Would Pump Sub-Stratum Sand to Surface to Improve Soil
���University Professors Do Not Aeree
A decidedly interesting discussion on
the best method of treating peaty soils,
of which there are considerable areas here
and there in the Fraser Valley, so as to
supply' lacking constituents and bring
them eventually to full productivity, developed from a suggestion to that end
made recently in a communication to the
Vancouver Sun by Mr. Thos. Kidd, of
Steveston, a former representative of
Richmond in the Provincial Legislature.
Mi. Kidd'spractical suggestion, which,
in a word, was the pumping of underlying sand to tbe surface to mix with the
peat, was taken up from the theoretical
scientific standpoint by Dean L,. S.
Klinck and Professor Clement, ot the
University of British Columbia, who, in
an interview in the Suu, disagreed with
Mr. Kidd's suggestion and conclusions.
Then followed a communication from
another practical farmer of Lulu Island,
Mr. B. W Garratt, who upheld Mr.
Kidd's view and reminded the professors
that "practice some times overrides
theory and results favor practice."
Mr. Kidd's Proposal.
Mr. Kidd elaborated bis suggestion at
considerable length and supported it by
a well reasoned argument based on experience and observation, as follows:
"1 read, a short time ago," began Mr.
Kidd "that some of Mr. John Oliver's
constituents had drawn his attention to
tbe lands of the Pitt Meadows with a request that he have an analysis made of
tbe soil and to take any other steps he
might deem advisable to lead to bringing
them into a more profitable condition.
'This is certainly a worthy object, for
it is a pity to see such a large tract of
land on which so much money has been
spent, producing so little, and unfortunately this condition is not con fined to
the lands of the Pitt Meadows, tor there
are large areas of the alluvial hinds of
tbe lower Fraser having similar characteristics���in Richmond, South Vancouver, Burnaby, Delta and Surrey municipalities.
"Everyone who knows these lands
will have observed that the land along
the edges of the water courses is higher
than the land further awav from them,
unless the area is old enough to have had
a growth of peat added to the latter.
When any area of these alluvial lands
were being formed it would be almost
uniform in quality until it reached a
height when the water carrying the sediment whicli formed it did not spread
equally over it, but when such a height
was reached a difference would begin to
take place, for on its outer edges would
be deposited the coarser and heavier particles of the sediment, while the inner
portions would be overflowed by the water partly relieved of its load and carrying only the finer and lighter part
thereof.
"In all such areas this process would
continue until the inner portions would
become shallow lakes, wherein would begin a growth of vegetation from whicli
we have peat formations and which in
time grew too high for any overflow from
the river to cover them. And it is these
formations, in different stages of growth,
that have to be dealt with.
"As is well known, none of the common farm crops can be grown on soil
consisting mainly of peat or humus, and
the problem to be solved is how to convert these peaty areas into crop producing soil.
"I think it is well known to those who
have had experience witb peaty lands
that the lack of silica or grit is the first
thing to be supplied, after drainage, and
1 feel sure that silica would be one of the
chief elements a chemist would report
lacking in these lands. If this is so,
then tbe application of sand or grityclay
would be the solution of the difficulty.
"As it would be tbo costly to import
such material from any great distance,
how is this sandy matter to be supplied?
In answer to this, I wish to make a suggestion.
"Under all the land I have tested on
Lulu Island (and I think it will be found
the same in respect to all the lands mentioned ) there is a substratum of sandy
deposit from four to seven or eight feet
below the surface, which 1 believe is the
best material that can be got for the pui -
pose in view. And surely we are advanced far enough in mechanical appliances to bring this sand up and spread it
on the surface at a cost tbat will not be
excessive. A portable gasoline engine
with a pump and spraying apparatus
suitable for tliis purpose is surely within
the reach of our mechanical  knowledge.
"If this work were undertaken in the
winter time on any of these lands, when
they are full of water, the sand underneath would run to such a pump in suf-
licient quantities to cover the area of
ground convenient to be covered in such
a process.
"This thought was suggested to me
some years ago by observing that, ou
areas which had been covered with peat
and burnt off, there are sand knolls left
of considerable size, between which ami
the substratum of sand below there is a
layer of the gray sediment deposit. This
shows beyond a doubt that these sand
knolls were lorced up bv increasing pressure from the more solid stratum above
through tbe holes and cracks kept open
by the marsh gas excaping from underneath, a phenomenon well known to
those who have dyked or drained witli a
spade on these lands, and which lias
proved a costly 'ignis fatuus' to those
who thought it indicated a deposit ol
mineral gas or oil at no great depth 1) -
low the surface. I am encouraged to
iliink that this sandy material when
brought Up and mixed with the peaty
oil will have the desired effect, because
! have noticed that on these sandy knolls,
clover, grass and other crops grow much
liett r than on the surrounding peaty
,-oil,"
The Professors' Comment.
"The situation is a new one to me,"
said Dean Klinck, of the B. C. University, regarding Mr. Kidd's suggestion,
"but 1 am afraid Mr. Kidd is not connecting cause and effect   properly.    He
speaks of the hummocks producing better crops than where the land is lower.
I think that is not due to the sand, but
to the fact that the small elevation is
better drained and oxydizalion takes place
better.
"I do not see how the addition of sand
would increase crop production. If he
added clay and cultivated the soil, he
would certainly get better results though.
I have not had experience of sand added
to clay in the manner suggested, nor
have I seen what is described; but 1 certainly would not expect the results Mr.
Kidd speaks of.
"Lands of that particular kind can frequently be improved by turning cattle on
to them. Tbe cattle cut up the earth
and then by deep ploughing it is possible
to mix clay with the peat ou the surface.
I do not think clay could be pumped
up."
Professor Clement took practically the
same view of tbe case.
"The idea is comparatively new,'.' he
said, "but my opinion of it is that the
poor soil is probably poor because there
is so much peat that it does not provide
food for plant life. Also il is probably
acid.
'Adding silica would not add any
pi nt food. Silica is just pure aand and
there is no element ol plant food in it.
To improv. the soil it would be neces-
saay to add clay and not sand. 1 think
sand would lie a detriment "
The scheme suggested did not appeal
to him as feasible, Mr. Clement said.
Mr. Garratt's Come-back.
"1 am inclined to agree with Mr.
Kidd's idea of pumping silt and sand
from below the surface and mixing with
the peat as a means of fertilizing and
making the peat land productive," said
Mr. B. \y\ Garratt, in a signed letter to
the Sun.
"With all due respect to Dean Klink's
theory in this regard, we all know that
practice sometimes overrides theory and
results favor practice.
"I have had some experience in peat
land cultivation on Lulu Island. In the
centre of a peat field was a sand knoll of
an acre or more, on which grew no vegetation. In 1894, or about that time, a
tidal wave forced up by a strong wind,
flowed over the dykes and covered the
land to about two or three feet with water. Some of the peat adjoining this
sand plot had been loosened by au attempt to blow the field. These lumps
of pure peat floated and were driven by
the wind upon this island of sand, and
wherever this peat lodged vegetation
started and grew prolific. This peat, in
its original place, would produce only
brush or sour sorrel.
"I believe, sir, that peat has some fertilizing qualities that could be made use
of to good advantage if treated right.
"I understand Mr. Kidd's plan would
be to pump only sufficient sand aud silt
to mix witb tbe peat surface���not to
cover so deep that the peat could not be
reached by cultivation.
"If this or some such plan could be
made workable with satisfactory results,
many hundred acres of Lulu Island lands
could be reclaimed. 1 do not wish in
any way to disparage Dean Klink's or
Professor Clement's views of the matter,
for this Lulu Island peat business may
be new to them, but after a further
knowledge and test, something very useful and beneficial might be developed."
Condemned as dangerous to public
safety by the Building Inspector and Fire
Chief, the vacant building at the corner
of Fourth avenue and Ninth street was
ordered torn down by the City Council.
Another old building oil Front street,
close to the Schaake Co. machine shops,
was ordered destroyed.
NOTICE.
We wish to announce to the public we
are still doing business at the old stand,
cor. Eighth and Carnarvon sts., New
Westminster, B. C. When you require
plumbing, heating, sheet metal work or
repairs, phone us on our old  No. ��� 586.
MKRKITHEW & RAMSAY.
Valuator    Money to Loan    Farms
for Sale
II. A.EASTM0N
Notary Public
Guichon Block, Columbia and MeKenzie Sts.,    NEW WESTMINSTER
COAL
Nr/w     Wellington,
Lump, Nut, pea
and SlacK
JOSEPH MAVERS I
Foot Sixth St.
Phone 105
A
THERMOS
BOTTLE
Will keep your tea or coffee
warm aud vou will enjoy
your lunch.
We can sell you Thermos
Bottles and Lunch Kits.
T. J. TRAPP & CO., Ltd.
Phones:
Store 59       Office 196
Machinery  and   Auto   Dept.   691
GROCERIES
Baker's fresh grated Cocoa-
nut; excellent for puddings,
cukes and pies,  per tin ��� 15c
Steer's Bouillion Cubes, per
box of 10cubes  .-.������������25c
Succatash (Junker Brand, two
tins  25c
Molasses in bulk, per lb���'������10c
(This  is  genuine first-grade
Barbadoes)
Whole Cod, Eastern Atlantic,
per lb  12 l-2c
Dill Pickles, per doz 15c
Marmalade Oranges, large,
per doz "40c
Tuna Fish,   per tin 10c
Waxed Paper, 12 large sheets,
per pkg 5c
Useful for wrapping lunches
and cooking.
Maple Butter, per jar 20c
Model Grocery
Matheson & Jacobson
508 Sixth St. Phone 1001-2
East Burnaby, 2nd St. Phone 598
Kdmonds, Gray Block Phone 111 IL
Sapperton, Gnlir Block Phone 1012
SHEETING    SUGGESTIONS
An item of timely interest to any housekeerJer. ��� In offering
values such as are here listed we know that present prices are
25 to 59 per cent, less than will be asked for all future shipments.    Buy now and profit by so doing.
White Cotton Sheets
Plain Hemmed Sheets���Size .72x90, in three grades. Per
pair $2, $2.50 and $3
Size 78x90.   Per pair $2.25, $2.75 and $3.50
Bargain Sheets���A special purchase of heavy cotton sheets,
hemstitched, but on account of slight imperfections in hemstitching we bought at 25 per cent, discount. We offer them at
prices less than usual retail prices before any price advances.
If you want quality, ask to see these special sheets; sizes 8-4,
9-4 and 10-4. Will sell them singly.  Each...$1.50, $1.75 & $1.95
Plain and Twilled Sheeting
Price lists from manufacturers now show the wholesale prices
up over 75 per cent. We therefore know that our sheetings are
remarkably good value and we advise immediate buying by
those who need sheeting. Best English and Canadian makes
from 04 to 90 inches wide.     Per yard  40c to 85c
W. .S. Collister & Go.
The Store  for Women's Wear
P. O. Box 933
Westminster  Iron   Works
JOHN  REID,   Proprietor
General Machine Work, Engineering  and
Blacksmithing
Manufacturers of  Structural and Ornamental Ironwork
Agents for  REGAL GASOLINK ENGINES
?^Sl sSS   New Westminster, B. G.
James & McClughan
PLUMBING
and
HEATING
Auto Tires & Accessories
HARDWARE
New Westminster, B. C.
Front and Sixth Sts.     Phone 302
Let Us Do It?
You needn't   do   yonr   own
Washing or send it to a
Chinaman
The Royal City Laundry
(White Labor Only)
will do it for you.
PHONE 183.      814 ROYAL AYE.
Glanville's Bargain Store
NEW  LOCATION:
Next Door to Anderson & Lusby
Two Big Specials for  Thirty Days
5ftft   PAIP^    ftF    ^HftF^ Travellers'   Samples  for   Men, Women   aud   Children,
tJl/V   I Ally J     UI      JlIULJ"""seiiint, at less than manufacturers'  price.    These  Shoes
are of the best quality leather and latest styles.    A look will convince you.
Men's and Boys' Blue Serge, Tweed and Worsted Suits '
At actual wholesale prices.    Boys as low as $4.95 and Men's at $7.50.    This will help re-
ducejthe high cost of|living.
|HOSE who, from time to time, have funds requiring
INVESTMENT MAY PURCHASE
AT PAR
DOMINION OF CANADA DEBENTURE STOCK
IN SUMS OF $MO OR ANY  MULTIPLE THEREOF.
Principal repayable 1st October, 1919.
Interact payable half-yearly, 1st April and 1st October by cheque (free of exchange at
any chartered Bank in Canada) at the rate of five per cent per annum from the date of
purchase.
Holders of this stock wlH have the privilege of surrendering at par and accrued interest,
aa the equivalent of cash, in payment of any allotment made under any future war loan issue
in Canada other than an issue of Treasury Bills or other like short date security.
Proceeds of this stock are for war purposes only.
A commission of one-quarter of one per cent will be allowed to recognized bond and
stock brokers en allotments made in respect of applications for this stock which bear their
stamp.
For application forms apply to the Deputy Minister of Finance, Ottawa.
DEPARTMENT OF FINANCE, OTTAWA, 0
OCTOBER 7th, 1916.

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