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The Pacific Canadian Mar 30, 1917

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Weekly News Digest and Journal of   Observation and Comment.
Vol. 2
NEW WESTMINSTER, B. C, FRIDAY, March 30, 1917.
Number A
"The horrors of war" has been a well attested
stereotyped phrase for ages, but it has been given a
new, enlarged, and intensified meaning in the lurid
light of the present terrible struggle, illustrating the
deadliness and destructiveness, magnified a thousandfold, of the science of wholesale killing and devastation, by means of titanic mechanical and chemical
inventions, into which modern warfare has been developed, as compared with the sufficiently gory but hopelessly outclassed days of the cross-bow, the catapult
and the battering-ram.
The world has been brought up standing, within
the last week or two, by the sudden wholesale trek
of the German armies in northern France away from
a hundred-mile sector of their previously boasted
"impregnable" front ��� reluctantly releasing nearly
a thousand square miles of French territory; which,
with characteristic Teuton malignity, they have wantonly left a blackened waste, robbing the miserable
civilian inhabitants, at the same time, of every vestige
of food, and adding the refinement of barbaric cruelty
by tearing hundreds of women, young and middle-
aged, from their wretched families, and driving them
ruthlessly like cattle, into slavery and worse, behind
the retreating German lines. In these respects, the
annals of warfare, ancient or modern, so-called
civilized or savage, Christian or pagan, will be
searched in vain for anything to outmatch the calculated brutality, wanton destruction and devilish cruelty
of "the horrors of war" as practiced by the modern
Hun barbarians.
Some appreciation of the reasons why the
of  the Huns were  forced, as we  have  seen thjj
to leave their "impregnable"  intrenchments
Somme, some appreciation also of the full
might be termed the legitimate "horrors
they as combatants were compelled
drink to the dregs���a full and     	
of the malign medicine that GenrJBpW!tught and
constrained the world in sell'-c'JpRrse to compound
and administer���may be gathered from the graphic
and vivid description by a, war .correspondent at the
front of one of the recent battlefields from which the
Germans were driven, afterwards traversed bv the
pursuing British forces. "As I went over the battlefields to-day," savs the correspondent, "it became
visible to me that the enemy has suffered the most
devilish torments in the ground from which he is now
retreating. All north of Courcelette, up by Mirau-
mont and Pys and below Loupart, this wild chaos is
all so upturned by the shell fire that one's gorge rises
at the sight of such an obscene mangling of the mother
earth, which is strewn with bodies of dead German
soldiers. They lie, grey, wet lumps of death, over the
great stretch of ground, many of them half buried by
their comrades, or by high explosives, and most of
them still above the soil, with eye sockets to
the sky."
"I stood to-day in a ravine to which the Regina
trench leads, between Pys and Miraumont," continues
the reciter of this gruesome tale, "and not any morbid
dream of an absinthe-maddened vision of hell could
be more fearful than what I stared at, standing there
with the rain beating on me, across the battlefield,
and the roar of guns on every .side, and the long,
rushing whistles of heavy shells in flight over Loupart
Wood. The place was a shambles of German troops.
They had had machine gun emplacements here, and a
deep dugout under cover of earth banks, but our guns
had found them out and poured fire upon them. All
this garrison had been killed and cut to pieces before
or after death. The bodies and fragments lay in
every shape and shapelessness of death, in puddles
of broken trenches, or on the edges of deep ponds, in
shell craters. The water was vivid green about them,
or red as blood with the color of high explosive gases.
Some of our dead lay among them, but, out of 850
lying hereabouts, 700 were German soldiers."
"Where I stood," continued the correspondent
"was only one patch of ground on the great battle-
field. It is all like that, though elsewhere the dead
are not so thickly clustered. For miles it is pitted
with ten-foot craters, intermingling, and leaving not
a yard of earth untouched it is one great obscenity,
killing for all time the legend of war's glory and
romance. The secret of the German retreat is here
on this ground. To save themselves from another
shambles, they are falling back to new lines, where
they hope to be safer from our mussed artillery; but
as I saw it to-day our gunfire is following them closely
and forcing them back at a harder pace, and killing
them as they go. The horror of war is still close at
their heels, and will never end till the war ends,
though it may be long, 0 Lord from now."
A very distinct and significant echo of the reciprocity campaign of 1911 throughout Canada was
awakened in Toronto, a* few weeks ago, when the
United Farmers of Ontario, in convention, 450 strong,
unanimously adopted a resolution approving of reciprocity with the United States, and demanding that
the question be submitted by the Dominion Government to a referendum. The following clauses of the
proposed national farmers' platform were also unanimously adopted:
1. Tl at the customs duty on goods imported from
Great Britain be reduced to one-half the rates charged
under the general tariff, and that further gradual
uniform reductions be made in the remaining tariff on
Bril ish imports that will insure complete free trade
be' ���/een Great Britain and Canada in five years.
That the reciprocity agreement of 1911, which still
remains on the United States statute books, be accepted by the Parliament of Canada.
3. That all the foodstuffs not included in the reciprocity agreement be placed on the free list.
4. That agricultural implements, farm machinery,
v .nicies, fertilizer, coal, lumber, cement, illuminating
f   I and lubricating oils be placed on the free list.
j    . That the customs tariff on all the necessaries of
fne be materially reduced.
c\ That all tariff  concessions  granted   to   other
ntries be immediately extended to Great Britain.
To provide additional revenue, the convention
ed the following recommendation for direct tax-
���:   That a direct tax   be levied on unimproved
. values, including all natural resources; a sharply
mated income tax upon all incomes over $4,000 a
; a heavy graduated inheritance tax on large
tes; and a graduated income tax on the profits of
���orations over ten per cent,
Ohe following radical policies were also endorsed
the farmers' convention: Nationalization of rail-
ay, telegraph and express companies; short-term
ases granted by auction of natural resources: direct
legislation, including initiative, referendum and recall;
publicity of campaign fund contribution before and
after election; abolition of the/patronage system; provincial autonQnnj' in liguorje^fclation, including roanu-v.
facture, export and import; ^at the extension of the
franchise to women shall automatically admit them to
the Federal franchise.
From all of which it will be will be seen that the
United Farmers of Ontario are "up to snuff," and are
going to be some thorn in the flesh to any restriction-
ist, reactionary. Conservative combination, such as
the Ottawa Government, when next it has occasion to
go to the country on its record and to seek a renewed
lease of power. The British preference and reciprocity in trade with the United States, the main features of the United Farmers' platform, were, it will
be recalled, also the cardinal planks, with the imme-'
diate construction of a Canadian navy, of the policy
on which the Laurier Government appealed to the
people in the general election of 1911. Through counter appeals to passion, prejudice, and a deliberately
perverted pseudo-patriotism, a majority of the Canadian electorate, Ontario and Quebec deciding the issue,
were hoodwinked into turning down the Liberal policy and the country's true interests in all these particulars, at the same time. The platform of the
United Farmers of Ontario is not the only indication
that the people of Canada generally have seen a great
light, and that the verdict of 1911 will be reversed at
the first opportunity.
The false prophets of restriction and a spurious
patriotism deceived the people once, but they will not
be able do so again; for events have completely exposed the insincerity and falsity of their pretensions
and predictions. The enlightened Liberal trade policy, both with regard to Great Britain and the United
States, the people were told, would, if adopted, plunge
the country, from the admitted height of prosperity to
which fifteen years of Liberal rule had brought it,
into the depths of depression and ruin. These false
predictions were heeded, and the Liberal policy rejected. Everybody knows what followed���call it cause
and effect, coincidence, what you will?���the Conservative term of power since has been coincident with
decline of prosperity, depression, the hardest of hard
times that Canada had known since the Conservative
regime that ended a decade and a half before, relieved
onlv of late in parts of the country by the hectic
and essentially temporary prosperity derived from war
orders, war prices, and publicwar expenditures. The
war long ago demonstrated to Canadians the great
opportunity for advancing the interests, the honor,
and the prestige of Canada, as an integral part of the
Empire, that was thrown away when the Laurier
naval policy was turned down, at the same time that
the reciprocity and increased preference policy was
The Trades and Labor Council of Vancouver, at its
last meeting, reversed a decision of last year not to
take a hand in politics as an organization, and decided,
instead, to go into it with both feet, as it were. The
first opportunity available, the forthcoming Vancouver
by-election to fill the vacancy caused by the death of
the late Hon. Ralph Smith, will be taken advantage of,
and two labor candidates, possibly, put in the field-
though why two, except for the running' exercise,
when only one is to be elected ? The candidates will
be selected from nominees sent in to the Trades and
Labor Council by the various affiliated unions.
In reply to a question as to whether the women of
British Columbia and other Provinces that have adopted woman suffrage will be entitled to the Dominion
franchise as well, Mr. E. M. Macdonald, of Pictou,
at the meeting with local Liberals, last week, at which
Hon. Geo. P. Graham was also present, explained that
to insure women the Federal franchise a verbal amendment���merely the striking out of the word "male"���
in the Dominion Franchise Act, would be necessary.
Such an amendment had been introduced by Hon.
Wm. Pugsley, of the late Laurier Administration, but
its passage so far had not been facilitated by the present Government, which controlled the House. " The
Liberals proposed to push it through, if possible, when
Parliament resumed next month.
According to daily press reports, notes the B. C.
Federationist, a goodly number of the Japanese residents of British Columbia, many of them naturalized,
want the franchise extended to include them. They
claim that this right has been granted them in all the
provinces of Canada save this one, "There can be
no particular objection," savs the Federationist "taken
to this request by wage-earners. The latter can
scarcely argue that the Japanese could or would make
any worse use of their vote than they have themselves. But, in passing: Can the Japanese guarantee
that the same right will be extended to Canadians who
have become citizens of Japan ?" Passing over the
unappeasable grouch which the Federationist, for some
"reason, seeftis to1' HaveSgaihst lffie~Canadian wage-
earner as an elector, it might fairly be held that
citizenship ought to carry the electoral franchise and
that the color-line is a very crude and inconsistent
test of qualification.
Professor Stephen Leacock, of Montreal, who has
contributed an informing and stimulating booklet on
"National Organization for War" (copies of which
may be obtained from the National Service Board,
Ottawa, or from any National Service director),
recently uttered the following warning in an address
before the Housewives' League of that city: "We
are in sight;" he said, "of a terrible food famine,
such as the world has never seen. We must take steps
betimes if we wish to avoid national and world-wide
disaster. We must at all costs increase our food
supply." It is difficult for Canadians, at so great a
distance from tho full horror, devastation, and waste
of the war, to realize that such a menace as Professor
Leacock, an undoubted economic authority, foresees
may overhang even this fair country, as a reflex effect
of this terrible world war, the end of which is not
yet in sight; but we shall be on the safe side if we
heed all warnings to more and more practice economy
and increase production.
The Ottawa depatches heralded the unique announcement, last weeK, that Hon. P. E. Blondin, the
lately appointed Postmaster-General in the Borden
Cabinet, one of the anti-British Nationalist bunch
with whom the Conservatives formed an alliance, and
who has sedulously inculcated non-participation in
Britain's wars, in Quebec, had actually tendered his
resignation, as a member of the Cabinet, for the purpose of enlisting in the overseas forces. Sir Geo. E.
Foster, Acting Premier, lost no time in cabling the
striking announcement to Sir Robert Borden, at London, who immediately replied by cable, congratulating
Hon. Mr. Blondin, so says the despatch, "on his determination to raise a regiment," but declining to accept
his resignation! This is passing strange. The one
thing needed at the present time in Canada, as Sir
Robert Borden is keenly aware, if only to preserve
unimpaired the honor of Canada, is something, anything, to stimulate recruiting throughout Canada, and
especially in Quebec. And yet Sir Robert Borden
seems determined to hold back his now professedly
repentant and devoted Nationalist lieutenant from
flinging himself upon the altar of his country. It
looks suspiciously, at this distance, like a piece of byplay for political effect. ^.s^ CDP4
New Weatenin��t��r_ B.C., March 30, 191
Published every Friday from the Offices, 761 Carnarvon Street,
New Westminster, B. C, by the Pacific Canadian Printing
& Publishing Co-, Ltd.
Editor and Manager
Subscription Prices;���$1.00 per annum [in advance];   50c.   for six
months; 25c. for three months; 10c. per month;   5c. per copy.
Advertising rates on   application
"Civil service reform," "abolish patronage,"
"smash the machine," these were phrases frequently
heard on Liberal platforms and from the mouths of
Liberal speakers, the leaders especially, during the late
general election campaign. The party stood pledged in
its printed platform to the abolishment of patronage and
the establishing of a non-partisan cwil service. The
gross and crying abuses of the patronage system or
machine built up, not only at Victoria, but throughout
the Province, by the late Government, gave more than
sufficient warrant for the prominence assigned to patronage and civil service reform by the Liberals and
to their determination to effectively deal with the
issue. Their reiterated promises to do so made it
imperative, obligatory.
With the prominence given to the issue, and the
clean-cut, overwhelming return of the Liberal party
to power as the result of the elections, the mandate
from the people was clear. Just how the problem was
to be attacked -whether by a gradual, careful elimination of the objectionable features and firm, progress-
sive improvement of the service along the lines of
certain fixed principles strictly adhered to, allowing
at the same time that breadth and elasticity of treatment which history, alike with nature, show to be the
secret of sound evolutionary progress and reform���
or whether by the immediate substitution of some
radical and rigid, ready-made, cast-iron system of
civil service and patronage reform ���that was the question for the Government. It chose the latter, in all
sincerity, we doubt not, believing it to be the better���
or, perhaps, the easier-way.
Having chosen that method of grappling with the
problem, by proxy, as it were���having determined to
hand over the wild team, Civil Service and Patronage,
ruined by the reckless broncho-buster Bowser, to an
expert trainer to lick into shape, instead of undertaking to do the "breaking" themselves���having, in
another horsey figure, put a spring lock on the Civil
Service stables, and locked themselves out and the
expert trainer in with the bucking bronchos we have
no doubt at all that the Government used the soundest sort of judgment in their choice of a trainer, and
will do their best to do no worse in picking the permanent driver who will take charge when the team is supposed to be broken and harnessed. But���we promised,
a week or so back, to give some "night thoughts," one
of these fine days, on this subject, and here they are:
If we had had the ear of the Government over night
���a pretty large order���we should have gently suspir-
ated the same advice, with regard to what might
be called the proxy method chosen by the Government
for dealing with this question, as Punch is related to
have offered, long ago, to a couple contemplating
matrimon y ��� "Don't!"
For reasons following: It may be easier, and may
appear to be safer. Which remains to be demonstrated. However unexceptionable and admirable a cut-
and-dried, cast-iron, automatic civil-service and
patronage system, working under a patent independent, insulated commision cut-off arrangement, may
appear to be theoretically, we all know from experience that practice and theory are very different matters, and that the more rigid, non-elastic and automatic
a contrivance is, the more likely it is to go smash or
knock the "living lights" out of something else, when
"the juice" is turned on and it fails to adjust. Even
the sacred persons of the Ministers might not be immune; for flying fragments of an exploding political
machine or the wild calisthenics of a stampeding Government team going back to grass are no respecters
of persons.
In probable adjustment or non-adjustment to the
present circumstances and conditions of the country,
to its present stage of political and economic evolution, having in mind also the grossly one-sided partisan
civil service and patronage situation that has obtained
in the Province for a decade and a half and which this
Government takes over as a legacy, to graft its new
scheme upon, so to speak���upon things like these must
rest the test which shall determine whether the Government would not have acted more wisely in attacking the problem less from a c ist-iron mechanical and
more from the personal equation and human interest
point of view.
As we remarked on a former occasion, and advisedly, "There's lots of personal equation and
human interest stuff in the patronage question, that
no wise Government will wholly overlook." As an
illustration (the case, letussav, is suppositious), take
a present Minister in the present Government, a few
short months ago a struggling Opposition candidate
with dubious chances and little hope of election, and
who made no secret of telling leading supporters who,
against their own personal interests, had been working
for years for a necessary change of Government in
British  Columbia, that in  effect he would be very
ALABASTINE for Walls, Fi,UGLAZE for Furniture & Floors
MAPLE I,HAF Ready Mixed Paint for outside and inside use,
Wood Dyes. Enamels, Varnish Brushes for all purposes.
Anderson   (St  Lusby
634 Columbia St.
Royal City Pork Butchers
737 Columbia St. 309 Sixth St.
We make a specialty of Cooked Meats.      Our
Properly Cooked Hams, Veal Loaf, Etc.,
are in great demand.
Phone 219
seriously inconvenienced if the elections did not go
right. The elections having gone right, and he having incidentally (from the "human interest" point of
view) "landed the good job" that was coming to him,
fancy the feelings of supporters referred to being told
by the new Minister or member, as the case might be,
in effect, that they were "hungry office seekers" and
more or less nuisances, if they expressed a desire to
serve the public in some less exalted and considerably
less remunerative position than the Minister himself.
Multiply that illustration, which is only typical
and natural, by whatever number within reason that
you like, and add intricate questions of patronage proper
that cannot very well be indexed or classified, and
the difficulties of putting the matter outside practically of political personal control, at this stage
especially, as seems to be contemplated, become
more apparent.
PHONES  15 and 16
-Dealers m-
erushed Rock, Sand and   Gravel,   Lime,   tie-     '!
ment. Plaster, Drain Tile, Etc. '���
*    Forge, House and Steam Coal.    Agricultural L,ime
The total area of French territory liberated from
the German invaders by the Somme offensive up to
March 21 was 858 square miles, situated in the four
departments of Pas de Calais, Oise, Aisne, and
Somme. It includes 366 towns and villages, t|j
homes normally of 181,935 Frenchmen, now mos,
ruins. The Germans are still in possession of 7,
square miles of French territory.
902 t'oldmbia Street
New Westminster, B. C.
X>xm..v* .v��v;..��!��r-c~v:~x-.;-.t- ���:~x~x~x~:��'X"X'.:"W��x^x~>.:- ���'
Premier Brewster, this week, in answer to a d|
gation advocating the early completion of the Prir
ton-Hope highway, said the Government could
promise to undertake this immediately, for it was
the position of trying to stretch a revenue of $6,5C
000 this year to cover a desirable expenditure 61
$10,000,001). He intimated, however, that portions
of the work might be undertaken.
The atmosphere gkffounding the- Irish question,
says a late London despatch, is changed, and Ulster
now shows signs of a willingness to make great concessions, so as to secure a settlement and have the
whole country united in the prosecution of the war,
British Unionists have virtually abandoned opposition
to Home Rule, provided Ulster's rights are guaranteed.    Parliament wants a settlement, and the Nation
alists find themselves almost swept off their feet by
the dramatic change.
Practically   the   whole of the great war is being
kfought  over historic ground, but the Mesopotamian
impaign particularly, which has as its scene the very
^dle of the race and the vanished civilizations of the
klent world, links up the present with the remote
a way that appeals strongly to the. imagination
jistoric and romantic sense.    Speaking of the
expected junction between the British
 ^tesopotamian forces closing in on the
lyn^T^HMkt instance, one of the recent despatches meW^Bl incidentally that the anticipated
junction between "TPavalry detachments under General
Maude and the Russiau forces would occur in the very
area that tradition represents as the site of the Garden
of Eden, just over the Persian border to the northeastward of Bagdad. The up-to-date Interest is well
sustained by the concluding statement: The strategy
of the British and Russian eastern armies contemplates a junction which would squeeze the remaining
Ottoman armies into surrender.
New Westminster, B. C.
���_����������������� l_____.1ll_>_���__.  .!._���,      i ������-.������������ ,������ i...f..  �������������������������������� ���������- n i-hmwi.! mwww ���   h I �������������������_������        M       ^m -__^-^_^M���ii^���piW| , ��.���������
Easter Apparel Here in
Great Variety
Special in Ladies' New Spring Coats
Checks stripes and plain cloths are included in this lot, a
good range of colors and many different styles to choose from;
all the newest Spring Models, all sizes; Friday Special->$11.95
Ladies' and Misses' Sport Coats $6.95
Made of heavy white Chinchilla cloth in sports style with belt
and pockets-; good length, all sizes; Special $6.95
Corduroy Velvet Coats $7,50
Also made in sports stvle and lined with white silk, colors;-
Rose, Purple, Green and Fawn; good heavy quality, a good
assortment of sizes;   Special $7.50
New Blouses just in for Faster; many different styles and
materials are included, all made in the verv latest style with
wide sailor collar, all sizes; regular values to $1.75 for-..$1,25
Beautiful heavv quality Silk Moire, with deep accordeon
ideated frills, real wide skirt; colors:-Green Purple and Black,
all sizes and lengths, onr prices $3.75 and $4.50
Easter Will Soon
Be Here
Our Spring Dress Goods have .arrived and
we have a large assortment of all grades of
goods fot your Spring Suit, Coat and
Dress. Prepare for the holidays and buy
tye have a big ninge of the newest
Tweeds for Suits and Coats; also a large
showing of Wool Crepes, Serges and other
fancy cloths for Dresses, Etc.
The new Silks, for Spring are being
shown in a large variety of colors and patterns, We have, in all shades, the new
soft Taffeta for Dresses, also Palettes
and Messalines.
Georgette Crepes will be used entirely
this Season and we are ready lo meet all
demands. New Westminster, B.C.. March 30, 1917
Page I
LOCAL AND  GENERAL. PUBLISHER'S NOTICE. ����������������������������� WM��t����wtt ��*^~>>*x^k~>>��^~>x~>>.^^^
xt.,���*   t��i .__..      a���:i     c    ...:n   u�� ,..,,..  .  X     _*\ II ������ _"_"��_"   _^W��     X    O ���. .  *
Ne::t Thursday, April 5, will be tag
day in this city, under the auspices of
the Women's Auxiliary of the Royal
Columbian Hospital.
A memorial service was held in St.
Mary's Church, Sapperton, Sunday, for
the late Charles A. Patchell, who died of
pnenmonia, in France, last week.
The City School Board are negotiating
with the Y. M. C. A. for the use of the
gymnasium and swimming pool for two
periods per week for High School students.
Mr. Joseph Irwin has rtsigned from
No. 4 fire-hall, Sapperton, and, on the
recommendation of Fire Chief Watson,
Alexander Beck has been appointed to
fill the vacancy,
Weather probabilities are fine for Ko-
dakery. Don't forget your films and
other supplies at Hurndall's, The Kodak
Man, 648 Columbia street, New Westminster, tc
If you don't see what yon want in the
fine display windows of Mannering &
MacKenzie, plumbers, heaters, and
sheet metal workers, 55 Sixth st. (Matt
Knight's old stand), go inside ami ask
for it. They will be glad to see you.
Telephone, 922. tc
The directors of the local Y. M. C. A.,
through Mr. F. J. McKellar, general
secretary, have offered every local returned soldier a complimentary six
months' membership ticket in the Y. M.
C. A. as a mark of appreciation of their
services for the country.
Two more New Westminster men were
killed in action on March 16, according
to official advices from Ottawa, Pte. Jno,
M. Linn, son of Mr. John Linn, 1029
Aucklaud street, and Pte. Ernest Mun-
caster Turner, whose wife resides at 73S
Second street.
A preliminary meeting to arrange (or
this year's May Day celebration will be
held in the Board of Trade rooms, next
Tuesday eyening. If the weather is
suitable, May Day is usually celebrated
in this city on the first Friday in May,
which this year falls on May 3,
The first of a series of Board of Trade
luncheons was held at the Hotel Russell, Wednesday, when Rev. Father
0' Boyle, of Vancouver, delivered an
interesting address on "Community Spirit." There was a large attendance. The
president, Mr. C. A. Welsh, presided.
The junior matriculation class of the
Duke of Connaught's High School presented Shakepeare's "The Merchant ot
Venice" in the High School auditorium.
to a large and appreciative audience, last
night, and will do so again to-night,
under direction of Miss Helen Badgley.
The New Westminster Returned Soldiers' Association has appointed the
president, Mr. Thomas A. Walsh, to
represent the local organization at a
Dominion convention to be held in Winnipeg during Easter week to form a
Dominion Association of Returned Soldiers .
Permits for three tag days were grained by the Cjty Council, Monday evening
���to St. Mary's Hospital, to hold a tag
day early in April lor the military wing
of that institution; to the Royal Columbian Hospital Military Auxiliary, for a
tag day in May; and to the Red Cross
Society, for a tag day in September���
exact dates to be fixed later.
Some $36,000 has been raised in this
city in the three-day campaign just
closed for funds in aid of the Canadian
Patriotic Fund. The local committee
was asked for 550,000 as a fair contribution from this city, and Mr. D. S. Curtis,
chairman in charge of the collections,
expects that sum to be fully realized
when final returns are in.
The savings of a lifetime, invested
in a home to shelter yourself and family,
your house and furniture, may be reduced to ashes in an honr through some
carelessness or accident beyond your
control. It is your duty to guard against
such a calamity through insurance. W.
B. Blane, 206-7 Westminster Trust Bldg,
The Man Who Insures, will make you
safe. tc
A Saturday half holiday for five summer months in the year for retail stores
was advocated by the majority of New
Westminster merchants who went to
Victoria, last week, with a delegation to
interview the Government. The Government has asked each organization to
forward their suggestions regarding tbe
holiday in concrete form for consideration.
Two well known local men, Mr. R.
Bryce Brown, broker, and Mr. Richardson Smith, stationery engineer, have
enlisted with the Forestry Company being recruited by Major V. L. Marsh for
overseas service. This company is now
fifty-one strong, and as soon as it reaches
125 lt will go overseas. Captain Cosmo
Bruce has already left Vancouver with
a similar draft.
Mr, J. C. Gwynn, Registrar of the
Provincial land registry office here, has
received formal notice from the Provincial Government of his appointment as
Registrar-General for British Columbia,
with headquarters at Victoria, lo take
effect April 15, at which time Mr. T. O.
Townley, of Vancouver, will take charge
pf the local registry office, a position he
held a good many years ago,
The funeral of the late John Craig,
qf thjs city, whose death occurred on
Sunday last, in his 86th year, was held
Tuesday afternoon, from the residence of
his daughter, Mrs. <;, jj. Cross, ,S02 Second street, to the Oddfellows' Cemetery,
Rev, R. J, Donglas conducted the funeral services. The pallbearers were
Messrs. H, J. A. Burnett, A. Lamb, Jno.
Forrester, David Adams, II, C. Airth,
and Geo, Mannering.
Dominion Land Agent Magee has been
advised from Ottawa of a change in the
homestead regulations, with a view to
stimulating production, providing that
during 1917 a homesteader on Dominion
lutldil who works as a farm laborer on
another man's farm will be entitled to
count the time so spent as if he had been
iu residence on his owu homestead.
With this issue, The Pacific Canadian
as a weekly issue will suspend publication. It had been the aim and purpose
of the publishers to graduate into the
daily field, but a thorough canvass of
the business situation showed this to be
impracticable at the present time, on
account of the heavy inevitable discrepancy between expenditure and reasonably anticipated revenue, until business
conditions should greatly improve, which
it is impossible to definitely forecast.
It has been decided, therefore, the present
weekly publication not being profitable
in the meantime, to suspend publication,
as stated, and while the business situation continues as it is.
Those who have paid subscriptions
for any period in advance are invited to
present their claims for settlement at
the office, 761 Carnarvon street, at any
time between now and the end of April
prox. Those in arrears and who think
they owe anything for value received
are invited to call and settle during th
same period.
I   The People's   |
:: Grocer 4
Main Store - 193 and 194 |
Sapperton branch - 373 %
West End branch       -       650 4
Three Big Stores       ��
of  Plenty
Every  Woman   Will I
Want New Easter    !
Citv  Market.
To-day's market was a very good one
in all lines, and remarkable for the
fact that prices generally showed no
change to speak of from last week, eggs
remaining at 30 to 35c per doz., the latter
figure representing the retail price, and
potatoes holding firm at $40 to $50 per
ton and 52 to $2.50 per sack.
Interviewed the government.
While in Victoria, last weok, Mayor
Gray and Aid, McAdam took up with
the Provincial Government a number o(
matters affecting this city. They asked
that an amendment be introduced providing that, before a deed for laud is
issued at the registry office or an agreement of sale, a receipt must be produced showing that taxes have been paid
to date. Tne question of the Government replacing the old cribwork on the
south side of Columbia street, opposite
Albert Crescent, was again taken up.
The Government, however, have not yet
admitted liability for this. No difficulty
is anticipated in securing from the Government right-of-way through the Provincial jail property on Lulu Island for
an industrial spur track.
I Shop at the j
& We have three big Grocery Stores
a at which to shop, crowded with
T   good things to eat.
We specialize on service, giving a
quick Auto Delivery to all parts of
the City  four times a day.
Service is also quick and courteous.
Death of Mrs. W. P. Edmonds.
The death occurred at midnight Monday, at St. Mary's Hospital, this citv, of
Mrs. Beryl Dixon Edmonds, wife of Mr.
Walter F. Edmonds, well known insurance aud financial broker of this city,
and daughter of Mr. and Mrs. T. L.
Briggs, 302 Royal avenue. The late
Mrs. Briggs had a large circle of friends,
besides relatives, in this city and elsewhere, to whom the announcement of
her early and unexpected death came
with a keen sense of surprise and loss.
She leaves a young son, only sixteen
months old, besides her husband, ber
father and mother in this city, two asters, and six brothers, three of whom,
Lieut. Stanley K., Capt. (Dr.) John A.,
and Sapper T. A., are overseas. Mr.
W. I. Briggs, barrister, lives at Revelstoke, Mr. Ilarry C. at Victoria, while
Errol C. is attending the University of
Washington. The Misses Naomi and
Manuelia Briggs live at home in this
The funeral was held yesterday (Thursday) afternoon, from the home of the
parents, Royal avenue, to Holy Trinity
Cathedral, thence to the Masonic cemetery.
! ZOG?
X   the  new   magic   cleaner;   cleans
X   painted   woodwork,    tiles,   glasn,
etc., per tin
Let us give you a hint if you want to have the very best  selec- %
tion.   Right now is the very best time to choose your new Easter f
Apparel, and never were we so well prepared to please you,   for X
here are scores of America's most charming models in   Suits, $
Coats, Skirts and Dresses.     It will be an  education   to  inspect
these new garments whether you buy now or later.
New Spring Suits $20.00 to $60.00
New Spring Coats $10.00 to$37.50
New Spring Dresses $15.00 $50.00 1
Study Seeds
Why Not Attend to This Today?   ?
We have a fine stock.    Several   $
varieties grown  in  Westminster
We Specialize in HOME PRODUCTS
H. Ryall
Druggist  and   Optician
^h����mg_^^.>.>����^>��j^��k>:��,:_>>.^_4i��{^h>J ��** v : ;^����~����*x~:-:-x��x-t"��-:- ��^XK~>x��:��x^<~x^>.>*��x~>��>*��<��<iWK>'
A very successful musical and literary
entertainment was given in St. Stephens' Church, Wednesday evening, in
aid of the choir fund. Features of the
evening were au address by Captain
(Dr.) T. B. Green, home on leave from
the B. C. Hospital at Salonika, an exquisitely rendered solo by Miss McLennan, and a recitation in chorus of ''The
Famine" scene from Hiawatha by nine
young ladies picturesquely attired as
fndian maidens, this weird and impressive dramatic presentation bsing under
the skillful direction of Mrs. Benner.
The whole entertainment was evidently
appreciated by the large audience present.
Kindly remember that ,-e stock
WARE and we want to bell ii io
T.J. TRAPP & CO., Ltd.
Store 59      Offic; 196
Machinery and   Auto  Dept.   691
In all Us   branches written at
this oflice.
Companies Assets Exceed
LOWEST rates obtainable
Wm. lie Adam
Real Estate and Insurance Broker
Room 1, Hart Block
at prices that   are   RIGHT
Quality, Quantity and Service   is  our
Phones:   150-732
Belyea �� Company, Ltd.
827 Carnarvon Street
Let Us Do It?
You  needn't   do   your   own
Washing or send it to a
The Royal City Laundry
(White Labor Only)
will do it for you,
PHONE 183.      814 ROYAL AYE.
Valuator    Money to Loan    Farms
for Sale
Notary Public
Guichon Block, Columbia and MeKenzie Sts.,    NEW  WESTMINSTER
James & IHcClughan
Auto Tires & Accessories
New Westminster, B. C.
Front and Sixth Sts.    Phone 302
New    Wellington,
Lump, Nut. pea
and SlacK
Foot Sixth St.        Phoiw 105
Seed Grain-
Grass and   Glover Seeds
T^TOVV is the time to get busy on your requirements.
1 ^ We are all ready with the finest No. 1 Government Grades of Timothy and Clovers iu B. C.
Also Sef d Outs, Wheat Barley, Peas, Corn, Etc.
Write us foi Price List.    We have enough   for all.
We wish to ...nounce to the public we
are still doing business at the old stand,
cor. Eighth and Carnarvon sts., New
Westminster, B C. When you require
plumbing, heating, sheet mcUl work or
repairs, phone us ou our old iTo.-586.
The Brackman-Ker Milling
Gompany, Ltd.
R. C. Pw *
Kew Westminster, B.C., March 30,  1917
Premier  Brewster   Introduced   Much
Discussed and Lone- Heralded Civil
Service   Bill, on Monday.���Principal
Features of Measure.
The long heralded and much discussed
in advance civil service reform or "abolish patronage" measure of the Brewster
Government was the star feature of the
Legislature during the week, having
been introduced by Premier Brewster
himself, in a carefully prepared and
comprehensive speech, on Monday, in
the course of which the Premier publicly
thanked Professor Adam Shortt, chairman ot the Civil Service Board at Ottawa,
for his service and advice in connection
with the present bill, which was practically the work of Prof. Shortt, who,
Premier Brewster said he considered,
was the foremost exponent ol civil service on this continent, and who had
given the best that was in him in the
preparation of tliis measure.
Premier Brewster dealt with the bill
in its broader aspects. Retention by
any government of the patronage system, iie declared, was a fatal mistake,
not only to the interests of Ihe country,
but to the party as well. Patronage was
a promoter of partisanship and tended
to degeneracy. The present bill would
make for greater efficiency, economy,
and better service, ll would also protect the civil servant, who need no
longer fear the professional politician as
in past days, when a man trembled in his
shoes every time au election came round.
As to the statement that ninety per cent.
of the civil service positions were held
by employees of the old Govern men t,
appointed under the old patronage system, the Premier declared that they
could not remain if they could not stand
the test of competition. The Premier
was willing to admit that the bill might
not be perfect in every respect, though
one of Ihe best measures that bail eyer
been introduced in this House. Tlie
floor of the Legislative Assembly was
the place to make amendments, and he
expected the aid of the Opposition in
perfecting and passing the bill.
Some Features of the Bill.
The new act purports to cover ail persons holding office under the crown in
all departments and branches, who are
paid a yearly salary voted by tlie Legislature. The seryice is to be placed under
a commission, consisting of one or more
commissioners, having rank as a deputy
minister, aud removable only by the
Employees, for the purposes of the
act, are divided into four principal classes
as follows: First class, consisting of
administrative and executive officials, in
grades "A" and "B." members of which
must be at least twenty-five years old
before they can be admitted to examination, aud who shall be paid from S2.40O
to $3,000 in grade "A," and from $2,-
1OU0 to ��2,400 in Grade "B."
Second class, consisting of those having administrative, executive or technical duties of the same nature as, but of
less importance and responsibility than,
those of Class 1, also divide 1 into two
grades. To enter, candidates must be
over eighteen and less than forty-live,
and the salaries will run from 21,800 to
$2,100in grade "A," and from ��1,000 to
$1,800 in grade "B."
Third class, consisting of clerks performing duties of minor importance aud
of a routine character, including stenographers aud typewriters, who can enter
from seventeen to thirty-five, and be
divided into three grades, with salaries
running from $540 to $720, $720 to $1,-
080, aud 81,080 to $1,500 for "C," "11"
and "A" respectively.
Fourth class, whicli may be entered
between sixteen and forty, and whicli
will consist of constables, jail guards,
game wardens, fire wardens, messengers,
janitors, aud others, whose duties arc-
not clerical, and with salaries running to
a maximum of $1,200,
It is provided that, on report of (rood
work and conduct by the deputy, eon-
cuned in by the minister, there may be
given, until the maximum is reached, an
annual increase of $60 in the two lower
grades of, third class, of $72 in grade
"A" of the third class, of $100 in the
two grades of the second class, and ol
$120 in the two grades of the first class.
The age limit in the service is fixed at
sixty-five, but an official may be retained
for a year longer if in the interest ol the
public service. The present system of
retiring allowances is continued. The
widow of an official who dies after being
in the seryice for two years will lie entitled to a gratuity equal to two months'
Outside influence upon the commission
to secure an appointment is prohibited.
Annual Meeting of Dewdney Dlitrlal
Liberal .uaolatlon, -Kleotlon or otil-
oori and  Paailng of Important n<-��o-
111 tioni.
The annual meeting of the Dewdney
District Liberal Association was held at
Mission Citv, .March 22nd, Pn :;ident
Marmont in the chair.
After ihe reading and adoption ol the
minutes and the appointment of Credei -
tials ami Resolutions Committees, adjournment was taken for dinner.
<)n resuming, the reports of theae
committees were received, also ihe report
oi the Constitution  Committee, articles
1:12 being adopted as read, with liddi-
tion as amended, and a vote of llianks
was tendered the committee,
The election of officers was the next
order, ami resulted as follows: Hon,
president, Rt. Hon. Sir Wilfrid Laurier;
hon. vice-presidents, j Ion. II. (.'. Ilrew-
sl'-r and lion. Jno. Oliver: president,
Maxwell Smith; vice-president, Ceo.
Murray; sec, trea... John il. Murtyu;
auditor, [.. MeKenzie.
A hearty vole ol thanks was, on motion, tendered retiring secretary Croke,
:Ko ihe retiring president, for their
;; ivices.
On   recommendation  of the I.esolu-
something for his
Some can bear arms
Some can produce food
Some can make munitions
Some can give money
It is the privilege of all to help.
Fighting���W orking���
Are YOU doing your part?
A LL EYES turn now to
jr^ the Canadian Farmer,
for he can render the
Empire Special Service
in this sternest year of the
But���our farms are badly undermanned���25,000 men are needed on
the land.
With insufficient help, the Man on
the Land fights an uphill fight to
meet the pressing need for Food.
can help.
Municipal Councils, Churches and
Schools, and other organizations,
both of men and women, can render
National Service by directing all
available labour to the Land.
Farmers themselves can exchange
labour.   School boys can assist.
Were you raised on a farm ? Can you
drive a team? Can you handle fork
or hoe? If you can't fight, you can
produce. Spend the Summer working on the Farm.
Let every man, woman and child in
the Dominion who has access to
Land, no matter how small the plot,
make it produce Food in 1917.
For information on any subject relating to ���
the Farm and Garden write:���
tions Committee, the convention passed
a cordial vole of thanks to Capt. D, 11.
Martyr] for liis good work in the interest of the Liberal party; also recording
their appreciation of the active part, he
is taking ill Ihe Imperial crisis, ami
wishing liini a safe and speedy return:
also that a copy of the resolution be forwarded to Capt. Martyn; all of which
was passed witli three cheers and a tiger.
Resolution No. 2, recommended by
the Resolutions Committee, recited that,
whereas it appeared the Agent-General
in London had been conducting the soldiers'  overseas vole "iu a most partial
manner," therefore ''we petition the
Merit.-Governor in Council to remove
tlie [present Agent - General, on the
ground of economy, from office, aud
replace him with a "competent man at a
reduced salary " The resolution was
adopted by the convention.
Resolutions to the following effect,
presented by the committee, were also
That lio clause limiting assessments
on telegraph lines to $70 per mile be
.struck out of i he Municipal Act.
Tbat. Sir Wilfrid Laurier be asked to
bring   on a Federal election at the ear-
Time for New Draperies
Probably a new cover for a chair, couch or cushion, a side drapery
for windows, a door curtain, or a dozen other purposes may suggest themselves as Spring rolls around. Many new designs have
a place iii our showing.
Floral and   Striped   Chintzes,  Shadow Chintzes,  Soft Cretonnes,
Reversible Cretonnes, Bird Kffects; 36 to 46-inch widths, per
yard 30c to $1.25
Cretonnes, iu 25 to 32-inch widths, in designs suitable for box
coverings, kitchen sofas, stools, etc.    Per yard 15c to 35c
Curtain Scrims
New bordered effects in ivory, cream, white ecru; plain edges;
plain hemstitched or fancy lace effect edges: neat colored borders
also in evidence; always serviceable aud sightly; launder easily,
and easily made up; everything to commend them, including the
present prices on the entire range.    Per yard '20c to 60c
Lace Nets
New designs in Bungalow Nets; with plain woven borders, scalloped edges and hemstitched effects; 36 to 50-inch widths. Per
yard at 25c to $1.23
Madras Muslins, in sash or wider widths; cream and white. Per
yard  20c to 75c
W. S. Collister & Go.
The Store   for Women's Wear
P. O. Box 933
Westminster  Iron   Works
JOHN   REID,   Proprietor
General Machine Work, Engineering  and
Manufacturers of   Structural and Ornamental Ironwork
Oflice aud  Works:
New Westminster, B. C.
Let Us Do  It?
You  needn't   do   vour   own
Washing or send it to a
The Royal City Laundry
(White Labor Only)
will do it for you.
PHONE 183.      814 ROYAL AVE.
litst possible moment, Westminster
District, along with many other districts,
having been absolutely without proper
representation, and to remedy the matter and to correct the corruption that is
at present ripe at Ottawa,
That a Provincial convention be held
not later than 20th June, 1917, such a
convention being imperative in the interest of the Liberal party, in forming an
active executive and revising a policy
that is acceptable to the party as a whole
and not a few members who are desirous
of gaining a few votes and causing a lot
of dissension in the ranks.
That the Provincial Government undertake the- reclamation of all lauds
requiring dyking or drainage, and that
the cost be levied on said lands, on a
system convenient to actual settlers.
That we favor the principle of a collector of votes in each Provincial constituency, that such office be attached to
some Provincial official already appointed, and that courts ol revision lie held
at all important centres, for the convenience of the public.
That this association express its admiration for and satisfaction at the businesslike manner iu which the Government
is undertaking the reforms and investigations promised in the general election
A delegation of ladies, headed by Mrs,
Wells, from different ladies' clubs, was
received, being introduced by Mr. Watson.
The following resolution, submitted by
the ladies' delegation, was endorsed by
the convention: We, the ladies of Mission City, wish lo request the Provincial
Government, if it be that thev find
prohibition has been defeated, that we
insist that they during this session enact
legislation closing the bars in the Province until after the war.
On motion of Messrs. Latta and Mc-
Neice, Port Moody was named as the
next place of meeting.
On motion, the president was instructed to arrange for a convention, and
communicate witli other districts, re
holding a convention of the Federal
Ou motion of Messrs. Thompson and
Watson, the following resolution was
passed: That we reiterate our confidence
in Hon. J. Oliver and the position he
has taken and firmly stand behind any
action he may take in future.
A resolution of condolence to Mrs.
Ralph Smith and family was passed.
The chairman, in a short address,
referred to tin- worth of the present
Government, the unusual debating talent of the new Legislature, and congratulated the association on the election
of its officers,
Let the MODEL
be Your GROCER
The goods sold here are backed by
this unconditional guarantee, that
if not satisfactory we will exchange
the goods or refund the money.
It will be to your advantage to
deal here. Our service is good.
Our prices reasonable,
Castile Soap, 8 cakes 25c
Castile Soap, long bar 25c
Wax Paper, per roll 5c
Not-a-Seed Raisins, 2 pkgs 25c
Table Raisins, 2-lb pkg 30c
Del Monte Catsup; special 25c
Libby's Tomato Soup, 2 tins
for 25c
The name Libby on the label is a
guarantee to the purchaser that
he is getting quality goods, This
applies to Soup as well as Peaches
or Asparagus.
Ceylon Tea, 3 lbs $1.00
Choice Blend Coffee, 3 [lbs.. .$1,00
Roger's Syrup, quart  jar 30c
Robin Hood Porridge Wheat, large
drum 25c
Model Grocery
Matheson & Jacobson
308 Sixth St, Phone 1001-2
East Burnaby, 2nd St. Phone 598
Edmonds, Gray Block Phone 1111L
Sapperton, Guar Block Phone 1012
Valuator    Money to Loan    Farms
for Sale
Notary Public
Guichon Block, Columbia and MeKenzie Sts.,    NEW WESTMINSTER
The Provincial Chapter of the Daughters of the Empire will hold their annual meeting 111 New Westminster, on
April 19 and 20. Approximately 150
delegates from all parts of the Province
are expected to attend.
James & (HcClughan
Auto Tires & Accessories
New Westminster, B. C.
Front and Sixth Sts.     Phone 302
     .   . i .


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