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The Pacific Canadian Sep 23, 1893

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*\
Vol. I.
NEW   WESTMINSTER,   BRITISH   COLUMBIA,   SEPT.   23,   1893.
Xo. 2.
$1  per   Tear ',
The publishers of the Pacific Canadian, in order to reach the people of this
Vi'oviiico, have decided to place the subscription price at the very low figure of
SI.00 per year. This places the paper
within the roach of all. even In hard
times, and there is no other way that a
dollar can be invested to better advantage; In the family circle a health y
newspaper Is almost Invaluable as an
educator. Have the Canadian come to
your hearth and make the whole house
glad. Try It from now till the end of the
year for 25 cents.
CITY   AND   DISTRICT.
Itr.n iiKMi.U'ii's is the place to get first-
class meats.
A sale of laud for taxes will lie held
In Surrey Municipality In December,
Ax attempt is being made to raise, tbe.
sunken scow near the C.P.R. wharf.
Mit. Hihbons, a rancher at Whonnooh,
died suddenly In bed on Tuesday evening.
A PUBLIC meeting is to be held this
evening in the City Hall for the election
of delegates to the Kamloops Convention.
If vou want first-class meat go to
Eelchenbaeh's Royal City Meat .Market,
Columbia-street.
Mbssrs. I). M. Robertson and W. Mc-
Isaacs. of the Serpentine Valley, Surrey,
were in town on Tuesday.
FOUB carloads of cattle arrived from
the interior for this place, Vancouver
and Victoria, on Sunday last.
THESE were five Sound detctives in
Vancouver looking for Krug, the Seattle
defaulter, on Monday last.
H. M. S. Garnet will be here on Monday. The vessel will remain here until
after the exhibition.
Mr. E. Hutchison, inspector of In-
sect Pests, was In town this week, lie
ordered several boxes of fruit to be destroyed.
Anoi.rit KnutJ, the defaulting city
treasurer of Seattle, was captured in St.
Paul. He was in Westminster about a
week ago.
Ci.Eiti; Rawlison, of Limgley, and
Clerk Wade, of Surrey, dropped in to
pee the new .journ alistic boy on Tuesday
evening.
Quite a number of new houses are
being erected at Langley. and soiiki of
the citizens are contemplating putting
uo extra fine buildings at an  early day.
A itgi'i.istic encounter, with four
ounce gloves. Is reported to take place at
a hotel on Sunday evening. The light
will be for a purse, the amount of which
is not known.
If you want a nice fitting boot, and
great wearers, don't fail to call at Sinclair tt Co.'s, as they are giving extra
bargains until the end of this month.
Tun steamer Courser has been withdrawn from tlie regular Chllllwack service, but will make trips on the old time
when sufficient inducement offers.
A large number of our citizens went,
up the Fraser by Thursday's steamer to
take in the Chllllwack fair, and were
followed by others the next dav.
THIS Decoration Committee Intend to
decorate all the principal street corners
from Eighth street to the Queen's hotel
with shields, draperies and Hags.
Tin-: editor of this paper, Mr. .1. P.
Galbraith, has devoted his attention this
week to reporting the, agricultural fairs,
somewhat to the neglect of his editorial
duiies.      .
The funeral of Geo. Head, a member
of the Salvation Army, took place on
Thursday afternoon to the Sappertou
Cemetery. The army mourning colors
were white and red.
Mr. Anderson, manager of the Western Fisheries Co., reports a large run of
sockeyes this week. The twelve boats
that have been out averaged over 200 lish
to a boat, one boat catching 300.
Arthur Davidson, of Surrey Centre,
aged 70 years, was married in Vancouver
this week to Mrs. A. Clay, aged 59 years,
who arrived from Nova Scotia. The
couple were lovers In their younger days,
but fortune parted them to meet In their
old age.
John Evans, alias Patrick Nelll, of
Wonnoek. died suddenly from over drink.
It appears he purchased live gallons of
whiskey in this city ami taking It home
started in to have a good time, but It
proved to be too much for him. lie was
an old soldier, serving :.'} years In II.M.
14th Foot.
Sf.riui'.s complaints are biting made of
boys carelessly discharging firearms In
Buniaby municipality, Mr. Hazard having been very nearly shot while returning home a few evenings since. Windows
have been broken and other depredations
committed by the same phalanx of New
Westminster Invlnclbles.- Victoria Colonist.
A fire broke out in the drying house
of the Pacific Coast Dumber Co., on Monday morning at about 7 o'clock. The
continuous whistle at the mill gave the
warning, and tlie firemen made good
speed, and in a short time had it under
control, but not until damage to the extent of 55,000 had been done.
J. Edwards G. Gregory, proprietors
of two express carts, matched their
horses for a race at 825 a side. The race
took place at the Queen's Park on Wednesday evening. Onions, who was Gregory's jockey, had his horse all decked
out In ribbons, but failed to win the race,
as Neil, who rode Edward's horse, managed to come in a length ahead, much to
the chagrin of Onions, who was seen to
have tears In his eyes over the defeat.
The distance was half a mile.
Mr. J. Kridcott, of Blaine, was united
in  marriage to Miss Julia Pollicott, a
young lady just arrived  from  Forrest
Hill, Oxfordshire,   England.     Rev.  U. j
Irwin tied the knot in the presence  of a :
few friends at St. Baranbus Church, on ���
Wednesday evening.    The happy couple j
left for tlie Sound on their honncyinoon
trip.
A movement Is on foot in Winnipeg to
transfer the government of the city from
the City council to a board of commissioners, which Shall consist, of salaried
men who will hold office during good behaviour. The project seems to have met
with much favor, it having been felt, for
a long time past that some radical change
in the system was necessary.
.1. \V. Mcl'iil.i. arrived home from Ottawa this week, and says that ho heard,
while there, that there is no immediate
prospect of an additional Supreme Court
Judge being appointed for the .Mainland
at present. There will be a County
Court Judge appointed for Vancouver
judicial district, and he will have local
jurisdiction of Supreme Court Judge.
T. II. Cross of the P.. 0. Milling Co. or
J New Westminster was in the city this
week in tlie interest of his firm.    Mr.
i Cross is a genial gentleman and well  ad-
! apted for his business.   This mill being
a home industry should be. patronised by
tlie people of this Province.��� Mission Citi/
Newt.
Gun friend Mr. Oy Stor is again fairly
before the public.    He  and  his  friends
R out ot the swim, so to speak, and back
' again in the soup.    He "May" return to
the swim in the spring; bnt, in the niean-
: time, those who are most thoroughly in
the swim themselves will   not  feel  that
they are losing caste by cultivating his
. acquaintance.
Mrs. D. Sfu.tvAN, of Cloverdale, with
, a very sick child, was driven  into   town
! on   Monday by Mr. Chas.   MeKenzie   to
obtain medical aid.    The child, a bright
little  girl,  has   been   ailing  for  somo
months with   a   painful   affection   that
puzzled the local nurses, and  hence  the
trip   to Westminster, when  it  is  hoped
medical skill will  speedily succeed in re-
' turning the little one to sound health.
Geo,  Head, a young man  about  25
; years of age, a native of Newfoundland,
who lives in a small cabin opposite the
electric power house, was found dead in
his bed on Thursday morning last.  Heart
i disease was the cause of death. A few
yo.ing men, friends who lived with him,
say that he was in good health the night
before, and at live o'clock in the morning he moved about as if in pain. Half
an hour afterwards on attempting to
wake him they found he was dead.   The
; deceased was a member of the Salvation
\ Army and has lived It. thiseountry about
j four years.
.Mr. K. K. Peiseb, traveller for a wholesale grocery linn of Victoria, arrived in
Westminster on   Thursday,   from  the
; Kootcnay country. He says things are
looking up lu the silver mining district,
and there is a noticeable change in trade.
The boat in wliicn he returned to Revel-
stoke was delayed some hours through
being heavily loaded with a shipment of
eighty tons of ore, which is being forwarded to Tacoma. by Mr. W.   S.   lline-
' line, who has a contract of shipping 200
tons by the C.P.U. to the same destination.   The ore is the product, of several
' mines, and some 2,000 tons are now at
Kaslo awaiting shipment.   Mr. Pelser is
' ef tlie belief that the people of British
Columbia do not know anything about
hard limes, and refers to the. stato of
thiiigs lu the Sound cities as evidence of
the fact.	
The llaliu ami the Small Hoy.
Unddr the heading "The New Baby,"
I the   Columbian of   Saturday, very neatly
: and feelingly extends the hand of   fra-
: teruitv   to   the    guileless     journalistic
youngster that put lu a first appearance
: in Westminster on that   day.    Undoubt-
j edly the Pacific Canadian was exceedingly young on Saturday morning.   The
I fact could   hardly be   avoided.   In   the
course of time this   fault  mav bo  overcome, and   meanwhile  It is very nice to
have an older brother who can tell   nice
stories and make entertainment for the
innocent, little stranger, who takes kindly to the Increasing How of pap that offers from all sides, and thrives so that,
on the quiet, liis daddy is very proud of
him.    Big brothers, of course, don't like
pap���wouldn't have it.    Ashamed. They
just  want  glory.   There  Is  only  one
thing   that  mars   the    situation:    liig
brothers   are   inclined   to    be    bossy.
They   know so much, and   the   kids, of
| course, don't know anything.    Horn that
I way.   This may be lirst, rate for a time
���unite agreeable to  all parties.    Hut in
the natural course of things, there comes
a time when the youngster   developes to
the stage of pants!    lie loses a gootl deal
' of his giillelessucss. and the old   stories
make him sick. Just, like grown   up   persons.    This   crankiness   on   the   part, of
.tlie baby breaks the wonted  harmony,
and the brothers don't play together any
more.    Down   at   the   bottom, they still
perhaiis hold each other In great esteem,
i but they won't swim in the  same   pond.
Licencing Hoard Meet.
The  Licensing Board held a meeting
on Wednesday morning, there, being present the following: Mavor Curtis, President , T. J. Trapp, John MeKenzie, Chas.
' MoDonougll and II. Hoy.
The application of G. Mead for transfer of licence of Grotto Hotel from A.
Drummond to himself was granted.
A. H. MeKenzie applied  on behalf of
: S. Guichon for a licence for the premises
! known as the Guichon Hotel, which was
; granted.
The board then adjourned to, meet In
| three months from date.
Boneless Salmon.
Mr. Alex. Anderson, the oldest fisherman on the Fraser River, where he has
plied his calling regularly every season
since '77, and is consequently widely
known throughout the Province, has
started a new venture, looking to the exchange of Fraser River salmon into good
currency of the realm. He has erected
at Brownsville "a suitable smoke house,
and proposes to put up salmon in a manlier similar to the well-known boneless
eod of commerce. Mr. Anderson has
been connected with I hi' fishing industry
all his life, and there is probably no man
in British Columbia better qualified to
prepare a first-class article of dried fish.
Coheos unci spring salmon will supply
the material to work upon, and only the
bellies, the best portion of the lish, will
bo utilized. So far tho Indications are
that the spring salmon will prove too
oily to be successfully manipulated, and
tlie smokehouse is now full of cohoos, a
much drier Jlish, and the curing process
appears to be working in a highly satisfactory manner. On Tuesday morning
a representative of tlie Canadian interviewed Mr. Anderson, and had the satisfaction uf tasting a piece of the prepared
fish. The llavor was admirable, and indeed very similar to prime smoked haddie.
The salmon will be put up witli very
little salt, and the lot now undergoing
the smoking process will probably be put
upon the market this week. Every grocer in the city should encourage this
venture by placing a trial order. Not
only is the new industry a desirable one
in tlie fact that It utiliz.es a prime fooi
supply that would otherwise go to wastes
but if successful it is bound to reaejj
large proportions, as salmon put up in
this shape can successfully reach markets otherwise not open to us.
LANGLEY-GLENWOOD   SHOW.
CLOVERDALE.
London, Sept. 18.���The distress in the
mining districts increases and there Is
no appearance at present of tho strikes
coming to an end. In tnc Wakefield
districts 4,000 children are being fed by
charitable organizations. In Derbyshire,
where there are 50.000 people Idle, the
strike fund Is exhausted.
(Correspondent Pacific Canadian.)
Everyone here is on tip-toe for the Fair,
and all is fair���fair, except tlie weather.
Miss Fraser, of Vancouver, who has
been visiting with Rev. Mr. and Mrs.
McElmon, returned home on Saturday.
The Methodist Society here had their
Church opening lust Sunday. The Rev.
Mr. Hall preached excellent discourses
morning and afternoon, which were much
appreciated by these who heard them.
The dedicating service took place at the
close of the afternoon discourse. It was
short and full of deep pathos, and well
adapted for Its purpose. Miss Richmond
presided at the organ with her usual
ability. Tlie whole service was ably
conducted.
On Monday evening an entertainment
was held in the Methodist Church. Tho
proceeds of which went to the building
fund. The evening proved also the anniversary of the rainy season, and it came
down in torrents. It was thought, at one
time that people would not come out, but
as the time for tlie entertainment drew
near, a good sized crowd was fuund in
the Church, and with a good programme
the evening proved most enjoyable.
Master Thomas Shannon who has been
attending the Vancouver High School,
has returned home for a few weeks.
The Crandall family, who recently
purchased Mr. W. Smith's ranch, havo
arrived at their house, and will no doubt
make a success of their new venture,
Rev. Mr. Hicks and family camu over
from Maple Ridge to assist in tlie entertainment and their old friends are glad
to see them again.
Mr. Ellsha Pickard of Nicomekel, has
been busy at his hop picking for a week
or more. He has live acres of excellent
crop, which is pronounced first quality
by those acquainted with the hop growing business. Mr. Pichard is the pioneer
in the hop-growing in this neighborhood,
and Reserves credit for his enterprise.
The picking and drying are carried on
simultaneous. In the hou yard some
twelve to fifteen persons are employed
picking.
Mr. A. Brown, of Hall's Prairie, was
over to our burg on Wednesday, and
mado his bow at the collector's office.
Miss Marv Brun is home from Elgin
visiting her parents for a week.
Mr. It. B. Hill went to town to secure
a stock of goods for his trade during the
Fair.
The managers of the Agricultural Association aro having the O. F. Hall fitted
up for the display of exhibits.
Rev. Mr. Howell is regaining his usual
strength, after the severe experience
with his runaway horse last week.
Quite a number of people from this
section will attend the Fair at Langley
Prairie, and no doubt carry tlie sweepstakes.
We regret to learn of the death of Mr.
and Mrs. J. Johnston's baby at Elgin,
the latter end of last week. The burial
took place last Monday at the Christ
Church cemetery, Surrey Centre. We
extend our sympathy to the bereaved
parents who have lost their dear son.
MARKETS,
The market, was not so largely attended   hy   vendors   yesterday   as   the   week
before. There was a considerable number of purchasers, and the demand for
Chickens and vegetables was good.
Potatoes were sold at 81 per sack or
814 per ton. Cabbage at 81 per hundred
pound, or 5 els. a head. Corn 21 cts. a
dozen ; onions four bunches for 25 cts.,
or S2.50 a hundred pounds: plums,75cts.
a box.
Heath.���Beef ranged from 85 to 87 per
hundred for quartiirs, ami by the pound
from 8 to 15 els. Veal from Sit to 811.50
tier hundred pounds. Pork, none offering. Mutton, none offering. Chickens
were scarce, and brought 88 a dozen.
Pure bred chickens sold at 80 a dozen.
There were no goose, turkeys or ducks
offered.
Butter was quoted at 50cts. and 55 cts.
for two pound roils; there being a fair
supply offored. Eggs sold at 35 cts. a
dozen, there being only a few boxes on
sale.
Mrs. Majir and Miss Ritchie, of Victoria, are the guosts of Mrs. V. 8. Barnard at the B. X. ranch, Vernon.
The. above exhibition was held at Mur-
| ray's corners on Wednesday last.    Unfortunately, the  weather was wet and
unfavorable, but, nevertheless, the show
| was a decided success all round.    There
] was   a   fine   display of   fruit, and   the .
! ladies's department was very complete
and   attractive.     The    exhibit   in   the i
draught horse elass was   excellent, as It
also was  in  thoroUghbrod   cattle.   Tin'
fair was opened hy Mr.  Hutchinson, of
Ladner's in a brief hut pointed address, ���
in which lie congratulated the people on
their progress and lino exhibit of produce.
Following is the list of
PRIZE WINNERS.
THOBOUXWnmED  CATTLB.
Hull, 2 years and over, 1st, J. M.
Johnston: 2nd, W. II. Cornoek; 8rd, M.
ii. McLennan.
Hull, 1 year old, 1st, Win. Murray.
Cow.   3   years   and    over.   1st,   Win.
i Murray;   2nd,   .1.   M.   Johnston.
Heifer, 2 years old. J. M. Johnston;
2nd.\V. I!. Cornoek.
Heifer, 1 year old, 1st, J. M. Johnston;   2nd, W.  B.  Cornoek.
Heifer calf, under 1 year, 1st, J. M.
Johnston.
riRADED   CATTLE.
Cow, :i years and  upwards,  1st,  Jas.
Nelson; 2nd, S. Towlos   3rd, Win. Innes.
Heifer, 1 year  old, 1st,   Jas.   Nelson;
j 2nd,  Win.    Innes;    3rd,   Jas    Nelson,
Yoke oxen, 1st, W. Towle; 2nd, J. Nelson; 3rd, R. Manahan.
Fat  ox   or   steer, 1st, J. Melrose.
I
HORSES���DRAltnilT.
Stallion, 1st, J.  A.  Morrison
Team, 1st, I). Johnstone; 2nd, S.
Towle.
Brood mare, 1st, A. Mavis; 2nd, S.
Towle.
Sucking [colt, 1st, A. Mavis; 2nd, S.
Towle.
Colt,  2   years   old.   1st,   Geo. Towle.
GENERAL   PURPOSE.
Stallion. 1st, G. G. Record.
Team. 1st, J. C. Murphy; 2nd, D. Cameron.
Brood mare, 1st, A. Mavis; 2nd, Pat
lllckey.
Sucking colt, 1st, Z. O. Page; 2nd, R.
Oakes.
Colt, 1   year old, 1st, D. Cameron.
Colt, 2 year old, 1st, W. Inues; 2nd. R.
Oakes.
Best carriage team, 1st, Win. Murray;
2nd,   E.   J.   Newton.
Best single driver, 1st, J. E. Murchi-
son; 2nd, E. J. Newton.
Most graceful and accomplished lady
rider, 1st, Miss L. MeKenzie; 2nd,
Sophia Bower.
SHEEP���L0XG-W00LED.
Ram, 1 year and upwards, 1st, Geo.
Underwood.
Ewe, 1 year and upwards, 1st, Goo.
Underwood; 2nd, Pat Hickey.
Spring lamb, ram. 1st, Mrs. Campbell; 2nd, Geo. Underwood.
Spring lamb, owe, 1st, J. Mcintosh;
2nd. Geo.   Underwood.
KHORT-WOOLED.
Ram, aged, 1st, J. C. Murphy.
Ewe, agod, 1st, Pat Hickey; 2nd, R.
Bruwn.
Spring lamb, rain, 1st. R. Brown: 2nd,
R. McKec.
Spring lamb, ewe, 1st, R. Brown; 2nd,
Goo. Underwood.
���   Bushel   Early,   any   variety,  1st,  D.
Towle; 2nd, Geo. Boothroyd.
Bushel Buibauk seedling, 1st, D. Nelson.
Bushel any lato variety, 1st, ,T.  Mcintosh; 2nd, W. Collishaw,
Mangold  Wurtzel. long red, 0, 1st, J.
Mcintosh; 2nd, W. Collishaw.
Mangold  Wurtzel, globe 0.  1st, Thos.
BIggar; 2nd, .1. Mcintosh.
Six sugar beets, 1st, J. Mcintosh; 2nd,
W. Collishaw,
Six   carrots, long   red
shaw; 2nd. S. Manahan.
Six carrots, long white
tosh; Snd, Thos. BIggar.
Turnips, Sweedish. 0.
2nd, W. Collishaw.
Turnips, any   oilier
Nelson.
Pumpkins,  2,   1st.
I). Towle.
Two heads cabbage
2nd, Jas. Dunlap.
1st.  W.
Boar, thoroughbred, 1st, Thos. Shannon.
Brood sow, thoroughbred, 1st, Thos.
Shannon: 2nd, Thos. shannon.
Graded sow, 1st, R. Brown; 2nd, R. W.
Riddell.
Graded sow, with litter, 1st, R. Brown.
POULTRY.
Turkeys, pair, cock and hen, 1st,
Thos. Culbort.
Gander and goose, 1st, Thos. Biggar;
2nd, E. Anderson.
Leghorns, white, trio, cock and 2 hens,
1st, S. Towle;   2nd, D. Towle.
Leghorns, brown, trio, cock and 2
hens, 1st, Thos. Shannon.
Plymouth Rock, trio, cock and 2 lions.
1st, 1). Nelson.
Any other variety, trio, cock and 2
hens, 1st, T. Shannon, 2nd, M. Mathe-
8011,
Drake and two ducks, 1st, Thos. Shannon.
Hens' eggs, 1 dozen, 1st, L. MeKenzie.
DAIRY   PRODUCE, ETC.
Butter, 2 rolls, 1st, John Armstrong;
2nd, E. Anderson; 3rd, J. Mcintosh.
Butter, crock or lirkln, 25 lb., 1st, Jas.
Johnston: 2nd, John Mcintosh.
Home made bread, loaf, 1st, E. Anderson; 2nd, John Mcintosh; 3rd, Mrs.
N'orrls.
Assortment of pastry, 1st, John Meln-
: tosh; 2nd, Pat, lllckey; 3rd, Mrs. Norris.
Assortment of cakes, 1st, Pat lilokoy;
���2nd, J. Mcintosh; 3rd, Mrs. Norris.
FIELD PRODUCE,
Spring wheal, bushel. 1st, I'at lllckey:
2nd, (ieo. Boothroyd.
Chevalier barley, bushel, 1st, W. Colli-
; shaw.
Rough barley, bushel. 1st. I'at Hickey.
White oats, bushel, 1st, E.   Anderson;
2nd, A. Beaton.
���     Blackouts, bushel,   1st,   Pat  Hickey;
'. Snd, Thos. Maxwell.
Field peas, any color, bushel, 1st, Win.
i Murray; 2nd, 1). Towle.
Seed, timothy, half bushel, 1st, D.
| Nelson.
Hops,  cured,  not   less   than   5   lbs,
! grown lu New Westminster District, 1st,
E. Anderson: 2nd, Pat lllckey.
Potatoes, collection of not less than
one dozen of each kind, 1st, Thos. Big-
gar; Snd, A. Brocklc.
Bushel Early Rose, 1st, Jas. Johnston;
Snd, D. Towle.
Bushel Beauty Hebron, 1st, Thos.
I Maxwell.
1st,   J.
1st,    1).
Colli- i
Mcln-
Towle;
kind, ii.   1st,  1).
I
I. Mcintosh: 2nd, |
1st, J.  Johnston;
GARDEN   PRODUCE.
Six carrots, short, 1st, E. Anderson;
2nd, J. Mcintosh.
Six onions, 1st, E. Anderson; 2nd, J.
Mcintosh.
Six parsnips, 1st, E. Audeiaon; 2nd,
J. Johnston.
Six beets, 1st, John Mcintosh; 2nd,
Thos. Biggar.
Cabbage, 2 heads, 1st, John Murray;
2nd, J. Michand.
Cauliflowers^2 heads, 1st, J. Johnston;
2nd, Thos. BIggar.
Cucumbors, 2, 1st, G. Brookman; 2nd,
T. Biggar.
Tomatoes, 12, 1st, J. Grey; 2nd, J. Mcintosh.
Squashes, 2, 1st, Thos. Biggar; 2nd,
W. Collishaw.
Citrons, 2, 1st. R. A'. Braden.
Vegetable Marrow, 2, 1st, D. Towle:
2nd, G. Trigg.
Watermelluns, 2.
String Beans, green, quart, 1st, D.
Towle; 2nd, Jas. Grey.
Green Peas, quart, 1st. R. Brown; 2nd,
Thos. Culbort. ,
Celery. 2 bunches, 1st, Thos. Biggar;
2nd. W." Collishaw.
Table Corn, 0 heads, 1st, J. Mlchaud;
2nd, Jas. Gray.
Rhubarb, 1st, C. T. Purvcr; 2nd, W.
Collishaw.
FRUIT.
Apples, twelve, early, 1st, A. Jannand;
2nd, C. Isaacson.
Apples, autumn and winter, 1st, J.
Jolly; 2nd, J. Jolly.
Pears, Bartlett, twelve, 1st, George
Boothroyd; 2nd, R. McKce.
Pears, winter, 1st, J. Norris; 2nd, Goo.
Boothroyd.
Plums, dessert, 1st, Geo. R, otluoyd:
2nd, Win. Murray.
Plums, cooking, 1st. J. Jolly; 2nd, J.
Jolly.
Crab Apples, 1st, J. Jolly; 2nd, D. Nol-
son.
Poaches.
Prunes, dried, grown  in the Province.
Dish Blackberries, 1st, A. Jannand;
2nd. John Jolly.
Disli Raspberries, 2nd, A. Jannand.
Dish Red Currants.
Dish Black Currants.
Dried Fruit, best assortment grown in
Province.
Best Preserved Fruit. 1st, Jos. Drink-
water; 2nd, Mrs. Norris.
FLOWERS.
Two Geraniums, in pots, 1st, A.
Thompson.
Pansies, twelve, cut, 1st, J. Mcintosh:
2nd, R. A. Braden.
Dahlias, collection, 1st, R. A. Braden.
Zinnias, twelve, 1st, M. Matheson.
Bouquet, table, 1st, S. C. Biiuingartner.
Bouquet, hand, 1st, S. Manchern; 2nd,
J. Mcintosh,
Collection of any variety, 1st, A.
Thompson.
ladies' work.
Araslno work, 1st, Thos. Shannon.
Chenile work, 1st, Thos. Shannon.
Outline work, 1st, A. Thompson; 2nd,
Mrs. Robertson.
Crochet, insertion, 1st, A. Jannand;
Snd, L. MeKenzie.
Crochet, edging, 1st, A. Jannand; Snd,
C. T. Purver.
Lace, knitted, 1st, C. T. Purver, 2nd,
Thos. Black.
Trimming, rick rack, 1st, A. Jannand;
2nd, M. Matheson,
Embroidery, on cotton, hand, 1st,
Thos. Shannon.
Embroidery, on woolen, hand, 1st,
Thos. Shannon.
Macrame word, 1st, S. MeKenzie; 2nd,
C. T. Purver.
Berlin Wool work, 1st. Thos. Culbort.
Quilt Patch work. 1st, A. .Taiinand:
Snd, F.  Hayes.
Quilt, log cabin, 1st, J. Johnston; 2nd,
j A. Jannand.
Quilt, crazy, 1st, A. Jannand: 2nd,
Thos. Shannon,
I     Pillow Shnins,   1st,  ('. T. Purver; 2nd,
L. Mckenzie.
Tidies.  1st, A. Jannand; 2nd. L. Me-
1 Keuzie.
Ladies' Handbag, with monogram, 1st,
L.   MeKenzie.
Sofa    Pillow.   1st.   J.   Mcintosh:   2nd,
i Mrs. S. Robertson.
One   set   of Table   Mais.   1st, J. Jolly:
, sud. A. Jannand.
Ornamental Design, any material, 1st.
A. Jannand; 2nd. J. Johnstone.
Mat, home made, 1st, Mrs. Robeitson:
2nd. Mrs. Robertson.
Apron, fancy, 1st, S. MeKenzie: 2nd,
| John Jolly.
Apron, work, 1st,Thos. Shannon; 2nd.
S. MeKenzie.
Dress, home-made in cut and finish,
any material, 1st, Mrs. Guest.
Button Holes, six, 1st, John Jolly; 2nd,
���I. Johnston.
Patching or Mending, 1st, Mrs. Guest.
Stockings, knit, woollen, 1st, R. A.
Braden; 2nd, F. Mclnnis.
Gloves, knit, 1st, R. A. Braden.
Mittens, knit, 1st, Jas. Johnston; Snd,
C. T. Purver.
Socks, darned, 1st, E. Anderson.
Socks, knit, 1st, A. Beaton; 2nd, F.
Mclnnes.
PR0VINCIL .MANUFACTURE.
Harness and Saddlery, assortment, 1st,
E. J. Newton.
Shakes, 100, 1st, F. D. Boyes.
SPEC..'.!, PRIZES.
Howay & Reid, best all-around display
in Division .1 (flowers), A. Thompson.
1). Lyal & Co., best map drawn and
painted by pupil, 15 years or under,
atlas, F. Mclnnis.
Johnston & MacKenzio, best half
'! izeu rolls of butter (distinct entry), 5
iu. box choice English breakfast tea,
E. Anderson.
J. E. Phillips, best saddle pony, 1 pair
legging, H. Miller.
T. ,1. Trapp, best crock butter, not,
less than 25 lbs. (distinct entry), churn,
Jas. Johnston.
A. J. Tolmie. Douglas House, host,
rider on bucking horse, ,1. McLeod.
,1. I.. Browne, best pair knit woolen
socks for girls, 15 years or under, half
dozen cabinet photos, F. Mclnnis.
Daily Columbian, (Kennedy Bros.) larg-
j est and best collection  of   fruit, named
j and grown by exhibitor, (distinct entry)
Da Hi/Columbian 1 year, Thos. Biggar.
John I). Bennett, best collection of
garden produce (distinct entry), clock,
Thos. Biggar.
E. J. Newton, best colt, general purpose, 2 year old gelding or lilly (stallions
excepted), bridle and martingale, Wm.
Innes.
E. J. Newton, most graceful and accomplished lady rider, lady's riding or
driving whip, L. MeKenzie.
Thos. Dunn it Co., best and largest all-
round exhibit in Division E, poultry, 1
smoker's set, Thos. Shannon.
A. J. Holmes, doctor of dental surgery,
best, dozen home made dough nuts, tho
same to be given to the Secreiary for the
donor after the exhibition, otherwise no
prize, gold filling in tooth or cash, M.
Matheson.
David Douglas, best team heavy
draught horses, 1 set of best leather
Hy nets, from head to tail, D.  Johnston.
An Bon Marche, best all-round display
of ladies' work, useful fancy work box,
A. J. Annanc.
Ogle, CampbcM and Freeman, best all-
round display of ladies' fancy work,
goods, Jas. Johnston.
H. E. Hall, doctor of dental surgery,
dress, home made in cut and finish, any
material, cash, Mrs. Guest.
Cunningham Hardware. Co., best and
largest all round exhibit in Division "A,"
(cattle),(.double harpoon hay fork, J. M.
Johnston.
11. Moray & Co., best Rider, for boys,
15 years or under,  book,  Amos Culbert.
D. S. Curtis & Co.. for best carriage
horse, (single), goods, J. E. Murchinson.
R. G. MacPhersoh, best Painting, by
lady amateur, goods, L. MeKenzie.
W. E. Fales, best display of Honey,
gent's rocking chair. L. MeKenzie.
S. Huff, for best Lady Driver, L. Mc-
McKenzie.
P. Blladeau, Depot Hotel, best display
of Dairy Produce, cash, John Armstrong.
H. H. Lennle & Co., best Crazy Quilt,
mantle drapery, A. Jannand.
James Gray, best bushel Potatoes,
(Rural New Yorkers), J. Johnston.
M. D. McLennan, best pulling team,
(owned by farmer and driven by owner),
in New Westminster, Dan Johnson.
E. Htitcherson, for exhibit of Red
Astracan Apples, 1st, Thos. Biggar; 2nd,
F. O. Boyes.
The Chilliwack Show.
The agricultural exhibition at Chllllwack, which was opened on Wednesday
by the Hon. Premier, proved a very great
success. The whoather was, on the
whole, favorable, and there was an admirable exhibit of produce, and a highly
satisfactory attendance of visitors. The
entries were more numerous than on
any former occasions. Unfortunately,
we did not secure, the list of prize winners in time for this week's issue.
Excursions from Victoria,
During the next week the C.P.N. Co.
propose Issuing round trip tickets at
single rate, good from Sunday night
until the Saturday following. Attached
to each tickbt will be a coupon, giving
admittance to the exhibition grounds.
The company will also Issue tickets from
Victoria, good to go by steamer Yose-
mlte. leaving Victoria on Wednesday and
Friday mornings, at 7 o'clock, and returning hy direct boat leaving Westminster on Thursday and Saturday, at
81.50 for round trip, to which exhibition
coupons will also be attached. The
Yosemlte will leave Victoria on time,
and run right through to Westminstor,
arriving here about noon each (lav.
Chicago, Sept. 19,���Members of tho
Masonic Order of High Degree have taken
possession of the city to-day. It Is the
BUt annual session of tlie Supremo Council of the Northern Masonic jurisdiction
which will continue in session for three
days, and lor which Invitation was ex-
tenoed   some   months   ago    lo   all   the
supreme councils of the world. The
session of the mi promo council was called
to order at 10 o'clock this morning with
thu usual ceremonies.   During the past
weei;   exalted   degrees   have   been   cou-
leri'i'ii on a larg inibor uf candidates,
and ai the opening session this morning
the attendance was extremely large. An
elahoraie programme of social entertainments has been provided by the local
lodges, and consistories and the visiting
brethren will be entertained on a scale
uiiparalled in the history of local
masopry,
San Francisco, Sept. 10.���The effigy of
President Cleveland was found this morning hanging to a tree near the State capital. On Its breast was pinned a Latin
Inscription, of which the following Is a
translation: "Greeting to my plg-tallod
friends of the Orient: I am that American, Grover, whom thou dldst.suborn.
See now how blessed Is the fate of traitors." On a placard were other Insanp-
tlons, such as: "Public office Is a public
trust, but should not bo a Wall Street
trust." NEW   WESTMINSTER,   BRITISH   COLUMBIA,   SEPT.   23,   1893.
Kick Gold field.
From Tuesday's Colonist.
Last fall a ledge of gold-bearing rock .
was discovered in the mountains at the
head of China Creek, running into Al-I
berni canal. This creek had been
worked by miners, principally Chinese,
and at times good pay secured. Some
remarkable returns were bad from samples of quartz assayed, and the owners
determined to develop the find. Little
was done until this summer, the snow
being very late in going off the mountains. The returns secured from further
assay tests, as work progressed, more
than justified the belief that a rich
strike had been made, and many locations were staked on this and adjacent
ledges. Other prospecting was done,
and new find? made. The news recently
received from the district was so gratifying that Hon. Col. Baker, minister of
mines, dispatched Mr. H. Carinicliael,
Government assaver, to the field to examine and make a report. This he successfully accomplished, returning to
Victoria on Thursday last. Below will
be found his report to the minister, and
it establishes the fact that within a!
day's journey of Victoria exists a gold j
quartz field of greater promise than any
yet known in this Province. That it
should have remained so long undiscovered is most remarkable, and only I
further proves that "far off fields seem I
greenest," for it has long been known
that placer gold existed In China Creek
and adjacent streams, in the Nitinat and
San Juan rivers, which all head from
this group of mountains.
To the. Honorable the Minister of Mines:
Sib,���I have the honor to report to
you an examination made of the country drained by the head waters of China
Creek, in Alberni district, British Columbia.
I left Alberni settlement with a pack-
horse, and followed the new trail partly
built by the Government this spring; it
goes in a southeasterly direction, behind
the range of mountains which borders
the east snore of tho Alberni canal.
After twelve miles of a gradual ascent,
China Creek Is reached on the left ascending bank, running W.S.W. towards
the canal. This is where a large part of
the alluvial gold has been derived from.
The trail follows the river for a considerable distance, and, gradually leaving it, winds up and along the range of
mountains, of which Mount Douglas is
the principal peak. Some deep gulches
are crossed here, which make the trail
dangerous and difficult for pack horses.
These gulches are formed by somo small
streams which flow into China Creek.
They could be avoided by crossing the
creek where first met, and following the
right ascending bank instead of tlie left,
which would necessitate a small bridge
being built over the creek.
The trail  continues   along the side of
the mountains till the head of the valley
is reached, when   the   creek   is crossed, I
which   is   at   this point  only a  small
stream.   The eamn   is   a   few hundred
yards across, on the right bank of   the I
creek, and has an elevation of 2,023 feet
aboye the sea level.   The journey was
made in nine   and a half   hours.   The
trail is little   more   than   a few of  the '
biggest trees cut down and the direction
blazed, but even this for two miles had
not  been   done.   Fortunately  there   Is I
very little underbrush in this part of the j
country, but   considering   tlie   distance
(about 24 miles) and the   sum   at   their;
disposal, not much more could have been
done.   Pack-horses cannot   get   higher
than the camp.
Leaving camp, we rapidly ascended a .
range of mountains on the south side of
.the vallev.   We nearly at once got into '
an   open   country, clear of   timber, and
continued the ascent of a ravine full of'
boulders, some    many     tons     weight,
Higher up. the ravine is tilled with snow.
packed hard, 12 to 20 feet deep.   This
made walking   easier.    After ascending
250 feet, we arrived at  the  base of  the
mountain, which rises at an angle of 40
degrees.
The vein upon which the principal
work has been done rises from tlie snow
in the ravine at the base of this mountain, which we called "Mount Saunders."
This is a distinct vein, and can be
traced for a long distance up the mountain, The width is about I to :> feet:
tho direction   N, '.'0 degrees, E. magnetic
equal to about N.N.E. and S.S.Wl, and
the dip 48 degrees eastward.
About 3(1 feet above the gulch, and
730 feet above camp, several shots had
been put in to open up the vein, which
is of nearly similar character to the vein
matter in the main tunnel. The vein
has been ligafn opened higher up, but
the principal work has been done in
driving a tunnel 200 feet about where
the first work was performed.
The ledge at iliis point has clearly de-
defined walls, and averages 4 feet 0
inches in width. The tunnel has been
driven IS feet into the vein, which Increases in width as it advances. The
ledge is formed of a number of small
veins, as Is shown by the appended
sketch No. 2, and the wall-rock is principally quartzlte and other sillcious
rock The height at this point is 2,07.3
feet above the sea level. We again ascended 373 feet, over precipitous and
rough ground, tu examine a vein lu a
gulch, running nearly parallel to the
main vein, at a distance of some 311 feel
eastward. A skeich (No. 3) of this vein
shows Us general formation.
Looking at the Mount Spencer range
from below, distinct quartz veins stained
with iron can be seen in different places
over the mountain, nearly all running in
the same direction; this range forms a
continuous   belt, completely closing   the
head of  the valley, and forming a basin
Which is drained hyCliinn ('reek. Glacial
and local drift lills the valley for a considerable depth ho that ii is probable
that the creek is not, now flowing on iis
original bod, and that If this was discovered, alluvial gold would llkoly hi��
found iii quantities. The surfacu drift
nearly in all cases shows minute specks
of gold-hearing pyrites. The general
character of the gold In t lie vein matter
Is refractory, existing in the mlsplckol
or arsenical pyrites, but where this is
found decomposed, as It Is In some small
veins, the gold Is free, and   can   lie seen
Iii considerable quantities.
In iny opinion the Pest, method of
treatment would be to crush the rock on
the sput, for which there is ample water
power, save the free gold and concentrate the sulphurets, which could then
be shipped out or treated by somo of the
processes for refractory ores.
Tho veins seem to run through the
mountains southward to Hlwatches
Creek, as rock of nearly Identical character has been found there, and In this
creek much coarser gold In China Crook,
and 1 have little doubt that Hlwatches
Creel; will turn out equally as good a
gold country as China Creek. Up lo tho
present there has been very little prospecting.
Two good pack trails to the heads of
the above creeks would help prospectors
enormously.
The assays given show the richness of
various parts of tho veins, and the map
and sketches will give an Idea of the location. The principal points have been
taken by prismatic compass.
I have the honor to be. Sir,
Your obedient servant,
Hkbhebt Cahmichakl,
Provincial Assayer.
Victoria, September 18, 1893.
ASSAYS.
Much decomposed Iron cuurtz.$23,2(1
(Surface) quarto, pyrlt��s and
galena none
(Surface) quartz, pyrites and
galena V>
(Surface) quarts bure trade
(Surface) quartz, pyrites uud
giili'iin none
About2 feetiu quartz $4'.'.:i5
      (i.00
About 5ft. iniitii vein, quarts
and pyrites  40.00
Eighteen feet in:
Slue quartz from main vein.,368.40
Kusty quart z 237.57
Quartz galena and pyrites  .    5.no
lllue 11ii;u l / 158.55
Rusty quartz B80.00
Quartz and mixed sulphurets 51,08
:i",oz.
Mot
PiOZ
ll'ioz
88.101!
ll'tiiz
"The sub-committee are further of the
opinion that the suggestion of the petitioners that 'every Chinaman or woman
in Canada be taxed to the amount of
S200 each year, and that said tax be
paid Into the treasury of the municipality or city In which they may be found,'
is a question for the consideration of
others than the Government of the Dominion.
"The committee of the Privy Council
concur In the above report, and advise
that a certified copy of this minute, If
approved, be forwarded to the secretary
of the Trades and Labor Congress of
Canada."
John J. McGeb,
Clerk of the Privy Council.
Returned From Alaska.
Mr. A. C. Talbot, C. E.. who has spent
the summer on the Alaskan boundary
survey, arrived lu the city on Sunday
and leaves for Ottawa to-dav or to-morrow. Mr. W. A. Boultbeo, wliu was
with one of the parties, also came In on
Sunday.
Mr. Talbot, in speaking of his summer's work said that another year or
more would be required to complete. It.
In 1870 Mr. Hunter, an American surveyor, erected ono iron monument at the
mouth of the Strlcheen Blver and
another ten marine leagues up the
stream from which, according to the
treaty with Bussla, tho boundary followed a line drawn between the highest
peaks of the mountain range running
parallel with the coast and about that
distance from it. When tbe engineers
this year went up tlie Strickeen they
found the land upon which tho monument is said to havo been erected had
been washed away and the land mark
could nowhere be found. The parties
started from there and made a photo-
graphical survey by ascending the highest peaks and taking views from there |
then proceeding to the next and doing
likewise. In this way the seven Canadian parties covered about 4,000 square
miles of territory.
Mr. W. F. King was the Canadian
Commissioner directing the work and
Mr. Mendenhall was the American. The
parties were distributed as��follows: O. J.
Klotz, Burrlngton Bay to Bradfield
Inlet; A. Saint Cyr, between Burrlngton
Bay and Unak River: A. C. Talbot,
Stickeeri River to Bradileld Inlet; ,1. A.
Gibsons, Stlckeen River to La Comic
Bay; A. .!. Brabazon, from Ilolkhiim
Bay going south: .1. ,1. MeArthnr. Holh-
ka-ra Bay to Taku Inlet; N. Ogilvie.
Taku Inlet going north.
The American parties were: O. II.
Tittnian. Stlckeen River: J. E. McGrath.
Holhka.ui Bay;  Mr. Ogdeu, Taku River.
They found it would be impossible to
locate any well defined chain of mountains, these occurring in groups rather
than chains. The Held notes will bo
worked out upon plans during the winter mouths and the work continued from
where it was left off this  year
Fire at Katnloops.
The town of Kamloops has again been
visited by fire, and a large amount of
property has been destroyed. The fire
broke out about 4 o'clock on Sunday
morning, and a strong breeze blowing at
the time carried the flames from one
building to another, notwithstanding the
1 os I strenuous efforts made to stop its pro-
inu'e '��� Rn'ss. The disaster seemed likely to be
������ j almost general, when, fortunately, the
wind veered round, and the progress of
the lire was then checked. It commenced In tho tlnshop of Mr. Vair. its
origin hoing still a matter of uncertainty,
although It is rumored that evidence has
been discovered of burglars having been
in the place on Saturday night or early
on Sunday morning. From Vair's the
lire spread along the street, and before
it was overcome the losses In buildings,
stocks of goods and furniture, will aggregate nearly 8100,000, If not more. The
citizens of Kamlooops will receive tho
sympathy of the people of all parts of the
Province on the disaster which has occurred. With the energy which has always marked tho residents of the Mainland capital, arrangements for rebuilding
are already In progress, and the town
will soon appear moro substantial than
over. The following Is an approximately
correct list of the losses: James Vair,
hardware store, loss, $9,000, Insured. ��2,-
500; Wing Fong, laundry, loss. $500, no
insurance; Kwong On Wo, general merchandise, loss, $8,000, insurance, $1,500;
Chong Lee, general merchandise, loss,
$0,000, Insurance, ��2,750; Harry Quinii.
boots and shoes, loss, SI,00(1, Insurance.
S250; Mrs. Sinclair, confectionary, loss,
SI,(Kit), no Insurance; W. Simmons, contractor, loss, SI,(K)(i. no Insurance; Lewis
Campbell, building, loss, SI,500, no Insurance; W. II. Stephenson, Jewelry,
loss, $50(1, no Insurance: II. Duhamel. i
hair dresser, loss. $250; Victor GufII- :
aiinie, building, loss. $500, no insurance: ,
E. G, Prior & Co , hardware, lo.-s, $45,-
000, insurance not known; Dominion
Land Office, loss to building, $1,000,
books and documents nearly all saved:
W. II. Whittaker, barrister, loss, $3,500,
insurance. $1,000; G. B. Nelson, loss to
furniture, $800, no Insurance; W. Fortune, loss iii buildings, $8,000, no insurance: .1. A. Mara, M.P., house and furniture partially destroyed, loss not
known.
EUROPE.
this work is completed commissioners
from the two countries will meet and decide upon where the boundary line is to
be located, but should they not agree on
thai point, as it is hardly likely they
will, some other agreement will have to
be readied. In any case the country
from all reports is not, a rich one. few
minerals of any value having been
found in the parts covered so far.
Mr. Talbot reports that none of the
parties met with accidents of any consequence., but the weather was very rainy,
a circumstance which interfered materially with the photographic part of
the work. They also escaped sickness.
The' Petcrboro canoes the party look
with them answered the purpose very
well, only false bottoms had to be put
on to protect them from grating on thu
rocks when launched.���Tuesday's Van-
fjnr,..- Ne\ct. Advertiser
Lisbon, Sept. IS.���Tho health authorities have rai-ed the quarantine
against vessels arriving from the porj of
New York which had been established
in consequence of reports of the appearance of cholera in Jersey City. The decree declares that both New York and
When I Jersey City aKe free from cholera.
Chinese Emigration,
Last year the Trades and Labor Councils of Vancouver und Victoria, scut a
petition to the Dominion Government,
asking thai the capitation tax on Chinese
be $500, and that they be made to pay
S2(j() annually to the .Municipality. The
following is the reply that was received a
few days ago by the secretary:
"Thosub-committee of Council have
had under consideration a copy of resolution, hereto attached, adopted by tlie
Dominion Trades and Labor Congress on
tho subject, of Chinese Immigration, praying lor consideration and such relief in
tlie premises as Ills Excellency may deem
just and right.
"The sub-committee observe that this
question, hy reason of divers interests
and conflicting opinions, lias been frequently brought to the attention of the
Government of the Dominion of Canada,
and has engaged its most thoughtful and
considerate attention, and such action
has been taken by it In relation thereto
as has beon considered best in the interests of all concerned, keeping in view at
all times Canada's botindon duty under
treaty obligations existing betveen
Great  Britain and China.
������Whatever syinpallnes may exist, and   pariieSTltoa  alt led  II
whatever views may bo hold on tho sub- Uedmond was received
jeet generally, or more particularly with
reference in Chinese exclusion, or in
such restrictions as are demanded by the
petitioners, they must, in the opinion of
tho sub-coinmltteo, in so far. at least, us
exclusion li concerned, he held to he
subordinate to the obligations solemnly
entered Into between two great and
friendly nations, and that no action
should he taken which could bo construed by the Imperial Government as
Inimical, or as Infringing upon treaty
rights.
"The sub-committee are
opinion that iii view  of tin
Rome, Sept. 18.���The Pope has sent a
letter to Mgr. Satolll In the United
States treating op religious questions.
Among other things the Pope expresses
his satisfaction at the union of the.American clergy through the efforts of the
Monsignor. As a protest against the
anti-church policy  of the  government,
I the Pope will order on tho 30th Inst, an
extraordinary    collection     throughout
I Italy for the Peter's Ponce fund, The
relations between the government and
the Vatican are again strained owing to
the friendship shown France hy the latter. Arrangements are again being considered at the Vatican to exile tho I'ope.
I The Vatican has applied to Spam on
the subject of affording a refuge for the
Pope.
London Sept. 17. The St, Petersburg
correspondent of tho Central A'nuwsays
that an Imperial ukase will shortly lie
Issued abolishing the practice of knoutr
ing by the police. ll is staled that the
initiative has been taken by the Czar
himself, who ordered the governors of
different provinces to report on this Kind
of punishment     The  reports, submitted
i to the Czar revealed the fact that tbe use
Of the  knout  was  often   resorted to for !
j the most trivial offences, that, women and j
oven children wore not exempt from it.;
i and that frequently they were in allied
lor life.    All the governors favored its i
\ abolition.
Dublin, Sept. 17.���More than 12,000 j
persons attended the amnesty meeting in
Limerick to-day. Mr. William Redmond,
Parnelllte, M.P., and Mr. Pierce Ma-
honey, made addresses in favor of the !
release of Irish political prisoners. The J
meeting passed resolutions censuring
Home Secretary Asqiiith because he opposed the liberation of these prisoners,
and denouncing the liberal party for
having abandoned its promises to do'them
justice, Mr. Gladstone was also blamed
for his apathy In the cases of Irish political offenders, and his alleged indifference to their fate was contrasted with
the sympathy he manifested towards the
oppressed in foreign countries, Noautl-
mooting, Mr.
witli great enthusiasm, and the resolution.- were passed amid cheers.
London, Snpt, is.���The question of the
situation at Rio Janeiro ea  up in the
Hoiiso of Commons to-day. in responding to a question asked him on tho subject. Sir Edward Grey,  the  I'ai'lia il-
ary Secretary of the Foreign Office, said
that the British warships, Slrlus and
Beagle, are now al Uio Janiero protecting the life and property of British sub
jeets.   Warships of the
ilso of tho I France, Germany,  Italy
commercial i were also on the spot,
United States,
und Portugal
He lidded that
relations of Canada with China, It Is not I communications had also been received
'expedient to change the provisions of the from Mr. Wyndliam. the British Minister
Chinese [migration Act, as it at present, to Brazil, but that his reports had been
exists, nor lo take any action that might! brief. These communications stated
be considered by tho Chinese Government that trade was paralyzed, and that It
as an evasion of the spirit of treaty obll- was impossible for vessels In the harbor
gatlons, or as an unfriendlv act. Thoy , to unload, owing to the scarcity of labor-
therefore consider It Impolitic and un-! ers and lighters. Sir Edward further
necessary  In  the Interests of Canada to
recommend   the   alternative    expedient
i suggested of raising the capitation tax
to SfiOO.
said that on Saturday the commanders
of the neutral warships endeavored to
prevent the bombardment by tho fleet of
the Revolutionists.
CAMPBELL & DOHERTY
THE NEW YORK TAILORS
Have Decided to Remain.
Mr. Doherty retires about Janury 1st, Mr. Campbell will continue the business.    Although
times are hard, Ave are doing by far the
largest  Tailoring  Business in the
Province, Employing at present
-   -   -   17 hands.   -   -  -
A Few Beasoiis Why we do tlie Largest Business.
ist. We give Satisfaction in Make and Fit; there is an
artistic get up about our suits and people know it.
2nd. Although we have the finest store (consequently-
high rent) and pay the highest wages,
We Sell the Cheapest.
You say, How is this. The secret is we turn out 20 suits
where others only turn.out 4. If we made half the profit the
others do we make more than double the money.
PROOF,
20 Suits, $5.00 profit on each suit would be $100.
4 Suits, $10X0 profit on each  suit would be    40.
Balance to our credit
$60.00.
��
We are making all wool good business suits for $16.00.
Irish Serge, blue and black for $18.00 and $20.00. Fine
Black Worsted suits for $25.00. Pants for $4.50, fine black
pants for $5.75.    Overcoats for $16.00,  extra quality $20.00.
We also keep on hand a select line of Ready Made Clothing���None but first-class of its kind but we would advise all
who want a suit never to invest in ready made clothing when
you can get a suit to order for $16.00 and
for $16.00.
good  overcoat
Yon will find us in the Curtis Block.
THE STORE WITH THE GRANITE PILLARS.
City of Xew WemtmiiiMtcr. 11
NEW   WESTMINSTER,   BRITISH   COLUMBIA,   SEPT.   23,   1898.
11PIK CANADIAN
Is the Cheapest Newspaper published in
British Columbia.
\W     ONLY
#i
PER YEAR!
This is a price that suits the times, and no home
need be without a good Home Paper.
Advertisers
Will find the PACIFIC Canadian the best medium to
reach the Public, as the Low Price, backed by earnest
friends in all parts of the Province, will insure a wide
circulation in every district.
It is the especial aim   of the  Publishers to  make  the
Pacific Canadian
- A FAMILY PAPER -
That will go into the homes of the Province, clean, pure,
and healthy in tone, and with reading matter to suit the
tastes oi old and young, so as to be a delight to the circle
around the hearth.
o. Mcdonough
McGILLIVRAY'S BUILDING, FRONT ST.
DEALER IN GENERAL HERGRANDISE.
Constantly on Hand an Extensive Stock op
Groceries, Flour and Feed, Dry Goods, Boots and Shoes, Hats and
Caps, Crockery, Glassware, Etc.
Men's and Boys' Suits,    Great Variety of Household Articles,    Also Grain, Seeds
Potatoes, and General Stores,
N.H.���Farm Produce bought lit market rates or sold on commission.   Orders from the
interior promptly attended to.
Uneasy JSitrope,
Berlin, Sept. 16.���It is popularly believed here that Franco has consented to
allow Russia to establish a naval station
on the French Mediterranean coast, but
the question is, which port will be given
up to this purpose'.' The rumor had its
origin in the newspaper Le Son; of Paris,
which says that Villefraneho, the well
knowd port In tho department of Alpes
NariUmos, will bo given over to the use
of tho permanent Russian squadron that
tho Czar intends to establish on the
Mediterranean. This rumor, however,
is not entirely accepted here, and It la a
qucstion|whotherVillefranche or Ajaccio,
the capital of Corsica, orBlsertalli Tunis
will be turned over to the Russians for
their naval purposes. The Mediterranean squadron of tho United States
once had tho privilege to revictual and
recoal at Villefranche. Russia, it may
be pointed out, already has a naval dopot
there, to which is attached a hospital, so
it would bo no new Rift. Then Ajaccio
has a good anchorage, and there is
ample laud area there on which to erect
the buildings necessary for a naval
depot, but Blserta, which has the capacity for becoming the first stronghold
of the Mediterranean, and which, owing
to the Improvements recently made in
its defense by Franco, would be a grant
worthy of France's trust in hor great
ally. The joint occupation of Blserta by
Franco and Russia would compel England to immediately strengthen her
naval forces in the Mediterranean, and
would ultimately compel her to close
connection with the triple alliance.
The French newspapers servo up the
visit of the Czar's fleet as if it was the
momentous Incident in the history of the
Republic. The German semi-official
newspapers are apparently trying to
keep the French excitement lit fever
heat, giving prominence to every rumor
that has a tendency in that direction.
The completeness of her preparations
gives to Germany a feeling of security
while waiting on the yet uusurmisable
event which will parclpitate war. The
Toulon demonstration will not do so. As
a matter of fact, it can lie stated that
Russia's acquisition of a naval station in
the Mediterranean is absolutely denied
in official quarters, and England's cooperation with the triple alliance is now
officially considered to be Immeasurably
further off than when Lord Salisbury
pledged the aid of an English lleet, if
tho latter nation should be attacked by
France. The Czar's government has
practically disclaimed responsibility for
this furore in an official wnmunication.
declaring that to impart to the presence
of the ileot at Toulon anything like an
aggressive character would be an entire
misrepresentation of the intentions of
Russia. It was Intended as a purely
friendly courtesy towards France, while
affirming that thore is a cordial feeling
between the two countries.
SIR A. T. GALT DEAD.
One of the Fathers of Confederation
crosses the River.
Montreal, Sept. 1'.).���After a lengthened illness Sir Alexander Tilloch Gait,
G.C.M.G.,   died   this   morning   at   3.30
j o'clock at his homo on Mountain street.
Aware of the approaching end, all the
| family wero present with the exception
I of one daughter.
I Sir A. T. Gait was born at Chelsea,
England, Sept. 0, 1817, and came to
Canada In 1833 in tho service of the British and American Land Company in
whose interests ho worked as commissioner until 1856. In 1849 he was elected
to Parliament and was a member of the
Crown in Sir George E. Cartler's government from August 1858 to May 1862.
After confederation in which he was one
of tho prime movers, he was Minister of
Finance until 1867 when he retired for
private reasons. He was created a
O.C.M.G. in 1878 and In 1880 was appointed High Commissioner for Canada
and a delegate to the International
Monetary Conference at Paris In 1881,
having in the meantime served the
Dominion In several important positions.
He resigned the High Commlsslonership
in 1883 and returned to Canada, where
he remained until his doath, always being
closely allied with the most Important
projects, financial andcommerclal.whtch
had in view the advancement and progress of his adopted country.
A. GODFREY,
SUCCESSOR TO THOS. DUNN & CO.
 WHOLESALE & HETAIL DEALER IN-
Subscribe for a Year, and learn how much pleasure you can
bring home for $i.
Address:
The Pacific Canadian,
NEW WESTMINSTER,  B.C.
SHELF & HEAVY HARDWARE,
PAINTS, OILS, GLASS, ETC.
Don't Agree.
Washington, 1). C, Sept. 18.���Claus
Spreckles and Minister Thurston, of Hawaii, aro In tho city, eagerly watching
developments in Hawaiian matters as
soon as tlie repeal bill is out of the way
of the Senate. Spreckles epitomized the
situation  as  follows:   "The  provisional
I government of the Hawaiian Islands is
; mude up of sugar planters and tlie missionary  element, who hope  to  profit by
i annexation   through  holding offices and
I receiving a bounty on sugar.   The na-
| tiyos are overwheiningly opposed to annexation, and but for pacilie counsels the
Queen would have swept the Provisional
Government out of existence long ago.
' Make  nu mistake  about it, the natives
aro brave and will  light.   They would
have whipped the forces of the Provisional Government,  and the sailors and
I marines of Boston too, but tho leaders
' knew  the  uselessness of attempting to
light tlie United Statos.    Thore will bo
no trouble whtlo the decision is pending."
On tho other hand, Thurston, the representative of the Hawaiian Provisionii)
Government, says;    "Tho attitude of
Spreckles Is simply a matter of business.
He wants cheap coollo labor, and knows
that system would be done away with if
the country was an American State."
Thurston says the affairs of the Island
are most prosperous, which in itself indicates tho success of the administration
of the Provisional Government.
PRICES THE LOWEST.
A Great Italian Convict Prison.
Tho British Consul at Leghorn in his
last report describes the great prison at
Orbotello, which has in connection with
two prisons at Ercole, on Monte Argen-
tario, both occupying what wero in
former times fortresses built by the
Spaniards to defend the approach to
Orbetello. In the three prisons there
are about 800 convicts In the custody of
an armed guard, similar to the prison
warders in England; the exterior of the
prison is, moreover, guarded by military
sentries. There is no solitary confinement, except In punishment cells, the
prisoners living very much together in
wards very much resembling barrack-
rooms. Each convict has a wooden bedstead, which is folded up during the
daytime, and he wears a chain which Is
rivetted to a shackle round the ankle;
by night the chain is secured by a padlock to the bedstead or to a ring on the
pavement as the case may be. The
convicts are clean-shaven and close-
cropped, the barbers being all convicts
themselves, but a few of the worst characters may bo seen wearing beards, not
as a privilege, but because it is not considered prudent to place a razor within
their reach. At Fort Filippo, situated
on a height above Ercole, and at one
time a vory important fortress, occupying a position of great natural strength,
the worst characters aro under confinement. Tho consul was shown there
three convicts under punishment who
were confined in a vaulted chamber, so-
cured constantly to rings In the pavement and deprived of their beds. The
t chamber was lighted by a solitary small
window, iron-barred, but was well ventilated and spacious. Tlie convicts are
clad in rough woollen material, with
stripes of a brownish color. Formerly a
red jacket was worn, not unlike that of
the British infantry, and even now all
the old stagers retain tho red jacket.
Tlie cap is without a peak, and tlie duration of the penalty is indicated by a
stripe on the cap, green indicating a life
sentence As capital punishment does
not exist In Italy, many of the convicts
are murderers, and green stripes are frequently to be seen. The director complained of tho absence of work for the
convicts, as the latter are much more
easy to manage when they work than
when they are Idle, but work is scarce
at present, not only for convicts but also
for free laborers, and, an outcry would
be raised were the convicts to be employed in any public works to the exclusion of a corresponding number of
laborers. Strange though it may appear, not 'infrequently some of the aged
convicts, when their term has expired,
beg to bo allowed to remain in the prison,
alleging as a reason that they havo no
longer any friends in tho world and do
not know where to go or what to do for
a living. The treatment Is humane, and
the food Is bettor than very many of the
poorer classes In the country can obtain,
but a great defect Is the absence of
work, which renders the words "hard
labor" quite a misnomer.
The Northern Pacific.
New York, Sept. 18.���The opposition
which is to antagonize the Northern
Pacific's Railway's management at the
coming election in October, is gathering
force. The members of tho Proxy Com-
mltteo, appointed by the Northern Pacific directors, have sent out circulars,
nnder date of September 15th. to the
stockholders, in which it is stated that a
radical change in the Northern Pacific
management is necessary. "It cannot
be denied," savs the circular, "that under Its present management the road has
gone from a conditon of prosperity to
bankruptcy. When the present Board
was elected, in 1890, the 5 per cent. Consols were selling above 90, and Preferred
Stock above 80, the Common above 30,
and the road had practically no floating
debt. A policy which has resulted in the
present crisis of the Company's securities, and has placed upon it a floating
debt of $12,000,000, requires little comment. It speaks for itself. The issue is
a plain one. Will the stockholders continue in authority those who have been
unsuccessful in the management of the
property, or will thoy make an effort to
secure directors who will work with soul
and intelligence for the company and for
it alone."
Kaslo's Railway.
The Vancouver World of Monday last
savs:    Mr.  Robert  Ward, .1. P., passed
i through the city yesterday on   his way
! home to Victoria from a business visit to
j tbe interior.    He  spent a week  in  Koo-
! tenay and left it with tlie mostfavorablo
impressions,   That country, said he, Is
bound to be an Important factor in  the
I growth and prosperityof this Province.
II was   truly   surprised,  he   remarked,
I with all I saw.   Nelson is a solid   town
and has a bright future before it.    Witli
Ivaslo I was agreeably disappointed,    i
| had no idea of its extent and  the   busi-
| ness transacted there, dull   and   all   as
the times aro.   The construction of tho
Kaslo and Slocan railway is giving employment to a large number of men, who
I arc clearing the. right of way and grading   for  a  considerable   distance  out.
Once this line  is  completed   ore will  bo
brought from the mines and shipped to
the   smelters.     The   country   is   being
opened up rapidly bv railway construction and roads built by the Government.
Mr. Ward evidently enjoyed his trip, for
he looked well, and, us usual, was in the
| very best of humor and spirits.    lie wit-
j nessed the   lire   In   Kamloops, in which
i some of his companies are  interested as
insurers.    Business,  generally, he said,
I Is looking   better, and the outlook   altogether is an encouraging one.
Orders   by   Mail   Receive
Prompt Attention.
ODDFELLOWS BUILDING,
NEW WESTMINSTER.
Hanged to a Tree.
Arkansas City, Kas., Sept. 19.���Asa
Yoomans, who formerly lived near Carthage, Mo., went Into tho Cherokee
strip near Blackwell, as a "sooner."
He was in tho employ of a real estate
syndicate. Ho held two claims, one of
which he represented, belonged to his
brother. While parleying with a band
of settlers, he drew a revolver and held
them off. They asked to see his certificate, which lie ref us< d to produce. They
accused him of being a "sooner." He
did not deny It. but defied them. A
movement whs made In his direction, and
he opened Are, wounding a young man
named Simpson. This enraged the settlers, who rushed in and overpowered
him. Simpson became insensible from
loss of blood. Thinking ho was dead,
the settlers bound Yoomans und hanged
htm to a tree. They then left tho place,
taking young Simpson with them.
Probably the oldest timber in the world
that has been subject to the use of man
has been found In tho ancient, tern ole
of Egypt, it is In connection with stone5
work, which Is known to bo over 4,000
years old. Those timbers were used lu
the form of ties designed to hold the
stonework together and wero the only
pieces of wood used in tho building.
When two blocks of stone wero laid In
place an excavation about an Inch deep
was mado In each block, Into which one
of these wooden ties, shaped like an
hour-glass, was fitted. They are mado
of timarlsk or shittini wood, tho same as
that from which the ark was constructed.
The revenue of South Australia for tho
year ending the 30th June shows a deficiency of $815,000. The treasurer (Mr.
Playford) estimates the revenue for the
current year at 813,185,370, and hopes to
bring out a credit balance of 833,045 next
Juno. The deficit is attributed chiefly to
the miners strike at Broken Hill and the
depreciation lu silver, together bringing
about a loss to the colony of 82,000.000.
Bad seasons, low prices and bank failures
wero also factors of the financial troubln.
A bill his been missed to reduce tho
Governor's salary from 823,000 to890,000
and to limit his allowances to 812.500.
The Governor's establishment Is stated
to have cost 84.1,000 por annum. NEW   WESTMINSTER,   BRITISH   COLUMBIA,   SEPT.   2��,   189,s.
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Address:
THE PACIFIC CANADIAN,
New Westminster, B, o.
ffeu; U/e$tmir;ster, Sept. 23, '93
FARMING IN BRITISH COLUMBIA.
In last week's issue of this papor, reference was made somewhat briefly to the
promising condition of agriculture on the
Canadian l'acilic coast, and the exceptional market that exists for all the products of the farm. On the present occasion we propose to enlarge somewhat
upon the suggestions of last week.
First, it may be well to remind our
readers that while all over the world
agriculture and its kindred industries
aro in an exceedingly depressed condition, and have been for somo years,
the coast district of British Columbia offers an unmistakable exception to the
rulo. While tho farmers of other provinces and of other countries have been
laboring under the hardship of not being
able to obtain a remunerative Drico for
what they had to sell, on this coast there
has continually been a ready market,
and the prices of produce have not only
been good, but actually the best obtainable anywhere in the world. The position is the same to-day. The dullness
that affects trade interests, does not in
any senso extend to our farmers. On
tho contrary, tho elfoct is even beneficial
to tho ranchers as the tendency has been
to induce a reduction in the prices of tho
Roods that they require to buy. The
soil continues just as fertile, the culti-
vatablo area must be as large and in
many instances is considerably extended,
and the market price of the products is
quite as good. Necessarily, therefore.
110 man who takes his income from the
soil can justly complain of dull times.
The unsatisfactory weather of the past
few weeks is the only cloud on the agricultural horizon, aud tt is quite likely
tbat the unseasonable rains that have
checked tho present harvest represent no
moro than the stormy spell usual at
equinoctial time, to be followed by weeks
of bright fall weather. The crop generally is reported good, and as yet no serious harm has been done.
Lot us now proceed to make good the
assertion of the superiority of the farmers' market here. It will be held in
mind that the peculiar situation of the
coast district of British Columbia insures
tho ranchers against undue competition,
and provides at tho same time the bulk
of tho population as consumers, while
other attending circumstances render it
highly improbable that the supplv will
exceed the demand for many years to
come. Now, to get to the point straight,
it will be admitted, no doubt, that England, being the most considerable buyer
of agricultural   products of   any of the
completes Prof. Robertson's quotations,
and, as far as they go, it Is quite evident
the advantage is with the farmers of this
coast.
Of fruit, not much can be said, because the quantity as yet grown here is
in very small proportion indeed to the
quantity consumed. Apples sell here
wholesale for about SI.00 per box. In
England the choico varieties average
$4.00 per barrel.
Undoubtedly, the farmers of the coast
district aro entitled to realize handsome
prices for what thoy can produce, because the expenso of getting a bush
farm under cultivation is a very heavy
charge. But it is because of this same
heavy charge that B. C. offers such favorable inducements to men of competent
means to clear and till the land. It gives
assurance of a stability in prices that
otherwise would not exist, and this in
turn provides a guaranteo that the man
who puts a piece of land under cultivation has solid value for his outlay. For
Instance, taking the hay crop as an easy
ono to investigate: Careful observation
goes to show that any piece of meadow
fairly attended to will yield an average
of 1)4 tons to the acre. All through
district south of the Fraser, farmers cal
readily dispose ot their surplus hay at
810 per ton, usually in tho barn, and
that is considered on the whole a low
price. This year the bulk of tho crop
will bring a good deal more. The estimate for cutting a ton of hay and putting it in tho barn is 82.00, and for bailing, 8X00. Wo thus have a charge of
$5.00 per ton, which leaves the grower a
prolit of an equal amount, 85.00 per ton.
This means a clear gain of 812.50 per
acre; and 812.50 per acre, capitalized at
10 por cent., means that the land is
wortli 8125 per acre. Choico ranches
can be bought at a much lower figure,
almost anywhere in the district.
Hon. Theodore Davie Ban-
quetted at Ohilliwack.
A fair Report of the Premier's Reception
in the Opposition Stronghold.
Our citizens aro a prosperous and eon-
tented people, and unless thoy have a
genuine grievance, which they desire
redressed, it is not often they are heard
from.
Your presence will betaken advantage
of by many of ns to lay before, vou matters which relate lo the welfare of our
valley home and common country, particularly the dyking and reclaiming of the
I was  world-respected  Grover  Cleveland. I
The speaker then remarked  that it had
seemed to him   to-day that   Providence
! was kind to Chllllwack.    The weather,
was very unsettled, but  under  the  umbrella of Hope the programme of the day
had been   regularly proceeded with, and
: the. threatened rain had lovingly held
off till the address to the Hon. Premier
hail    boon     presented,   the    last   word
THE FINANCIAL OUTLOOK.
Contributed.
The present financial crisis which this
continent has undergone, has not been
felt in Canada or New Westminster to
anything like the extent on the other
side of the line, and yet we hear people
on tho street overy day complaining
about the hard tunes, and if a stranger
happens to come to the place they will
tell him, with the greatest lamentations,
that the city is ruined and will never
amount to anything. If tho citizens aro
desirous of making this place one of the
foremost cities of the Dominion, they
will havo to unite, and if a stranger
comes to the place, show him the advantages that are to be had hero. How
that this is tho headquarters of all the
fishing and canning industries, and that
there is to be an iron bridgo put across
the river shortly, whereby tho Great
Northern will outer our city, and in the
near future wo hope to have tho river
dredged, so that ocean vessels will bo
able to come hero tD load, and that this
city has the largest and best farming
district surrounding it of any place on
tho coast.
We havo every reason to be thankful
that all within tho city have sufficient
to keep them, although they may not bo
able to lay by anything. We would say
to those who aro dissatisfied, do not move
across the line, for if you do you will regret it, as will be shown by the following
Ir.tter, written from California to the
Winnipeg Free Press, by a former Winiii-
peger:
"I went down to our fruit market today to get prices of fruit to send In this
I  found grapes  selling for one
pound,  peaches the same, and
letter,
cent a
nations, may be taken as the top market j plums three-fourths of a cent and pears
for   all   countries, and if   the   prices of
farm produce are higher here than they
are in England, this must be an exceptionally line field for farming operations,
Wo have before us the last report of the
Ottawa Department of Agriculture, containing a paper by that well known high
authority   Prof.   Robertson.     In    this
paper, the professor incidentally  refers
to prices current in England In  regard
to several articles, and  it  Is with   those
that a comparison is to be made.   First,
then, Canadian  bacon   is   quoted at 8%
cents, and   the   American   article at 7
cents; B. C. farmers realize from '.I to 10
cents per pound for green  pork   in the
carcase  on the  Westminster    market.
The supply of pork  is very limited, and
most ranchers regularly purchase bacon
from their grocers at 14 to 16 cents per
pound.    As to  butter, the   choicest   article is supplied to England by Denmark
and the price realized   is   24   cents   pel-
pound, while the prime Canadian article
brings only WA cents.    In   British Columbia few butter makers sell   for   less
thai. 25 cents, and the  price   obtainable |
ranges    to    35   cents,   with  probably
about    27     cents     as      an      average.
In     England    choice     foreign      eggs
bring   about 21 cents   per   dozen, while
here the bottom price is 20 cents, ranging from that to 50 cents during the winter.   Turkeys bring in England about 25
cents per pound.    Here a turkey from
the ranch will sell  for about the same
price.    In  grains,  Prof. Robortson does
not quote wheat, but farmers hero regularly realize 00 cents per bushol, which,
in the condition of the world's markets,
must be estoemed a  very   satisfactory
price.   Poas are quoted lu Liverpool at
1)0 cents per bushel, while here they seldom go lower than  that figure, and aro
often much higher.    Oats bring 50 cents
in Liverpool, which is somewhat better
than  usually rules here.      This about
it one-half a cent per pound, and toma
toes for 20 cents for a lio-pound box. or
one-third of a cent a pound. Melons
from half a cent to six cents a piece.
Now, methinks I hear overy Manitohian
say, I wish I lived there; but what does
this all mean? It moans poverty,
Chinese labor and many other evils; it
means that the American money market
is so disturbed that our banks will not
lend any money, the canneries cannot,
in consequence, get money to buy fruit,
so aro closed down; the rancher (that is
the fruit grower) in consequence cannot
sell his fruit and get money to biro help,
so fruit of all kinds is rotting on the
trees and vines, and everyone sees poverty staring them in tho faco. What
little fruit is picked is sent to the commission merchant and sold for little or
nothing. Things look vory blue in this
country for the working classes; on all
sides there is trouble and distress; it is
estimated by the best authorities that
moro than ten por cent, of the whole
male population of California aro to-day
idle and their families in want. All this
carries me back to Winnipeg. I well remember how 1 used to think times hard
there and complain, but I did nut know
what I was talking about, for times there
are good as compared with times all
along the coast.''
A despatch from St. Paul gives the
outlook in that district as follows :
"The railroads and overcrowded streets
have ceased sending laborers to the. harvest fields of the Northwest. Early In
the season there was a scarcity uf men,
but within a month this was mado known
and thousands of men flocked to Minnesota and Dakota. Since then there has
been a surplus of help, and as a result
the threshing crews are beginning to
cut wages. Tho lirst salaries paid were
82, but now 81.50 Is paid. Many threshing machines and crews aro Idle, and
they offer to thresh for one cent a bushel
all round. Thls-ls a cut o.f over 50 per
cent. Even at this less than three quarters of tho men In the lieldcan find work,
and thero will soon bo as groat an Influx
to cities as thero was to harvest fields
two months ago.
	
P. O. Buch, collector for Maple Ridge
Council, sent in his' resignation at the
last meeting.
On Wednesday morning it became
known to tho PACIFIC Canadian that a
political event of somo consequence was
on the boards at Chilliwack, as a sort of
preliminary to the opening there of the
Annual Agricultural Exhibition on the
following day. Accordingly the editor
of this paper, in capacity of reporter,
took the 10:50 train and proceeded to the
scene of activity to investigate. Tho
following is a fair presentment of what
ho saw and heard:���
On the train wero about a dozen residents of Westminster, likewiso bound for
Chilliwack,and at the Junction, the, train
from Vancouver swelled the number by
a score or two more, On arrival at Harrison, the company proceedod across lots
to tho river, whore a stoamboat was In
waiting to carry them over to their destination. At Harrison the party was
joined by Hon. Theo. Davie, wife and
children. On arrival at the Chilliwack
landing, a considerable crowd of men and
vehicles was observed on the river bank,
and as the stoamer.drew to shore a band
of silver cornets led oil' with the impressive strains of "God Save the Queen," at
the conclusion of which three rousing
cheers wero given for "Our Premier."
The band then struck up the "British
Grenadiers," and the visitors landed.
Proceeding up to the town, our reporter
found the streets neatly decorated with
evergreens and bunting. Near tlie Agricultural Hall a handsome arch spanned
the street, across the top of which was !
an inscription, "Success to the Fair."
Further on was another arch, inscribed
With "Welcome to the Cabinet," and near
the Queen's Hotel was yet another, which
bore on ono side "Welcome to our Pro-
mior," and on the other, "Welcome to
our Dominion Member." Tho townspeople at their shop doors appeared in
high humor, and on enquiry it transpired that the town and surrounding country had entered into elaborate arrangements to do honor to Premier Davie, aud
a number of invitations had beon issued
to citizens of Westminster and Vancouver to bo present on the occasion. The
numerous carriages on the river bank
had been provided to transfer the guests
to tho town, aiid presently the procession
of buggies, etc., containing the visitors,
and drawn by high stepping horses, rattled up to Henderson's Corner, where a
halt was made. The band again struck
up an inspiring air, at the close of which,
Mr. John Henderson, one of the leading
merchants of the town, stepped upon a
platform and presented to Mr. Davie the
following address:���
To the Hon. Theodore Davie, Q. C,
Premier and Attorney-General:
Sir-
On behalf of the people of Chilliwack.
we extend to you a cordial welcome to
this section of the Province of British
Columbia.
Wo are fully sensible of the honor you
have conferred upon us by your presence,
and sincerely trust that this, your first
visit to our settlement since assuming
tho onerous duties of your respective
offices, will be a pleasure to you, as well
as one long to bo remembered by us.
In being present on the occasion of our
Annual Agricultural Exhibition, wo infer
that tlie Government of which you are i
the rospected leader and a distinguished
member, is beginning to give increased
attention to agricultural mutters. Wo
have observed, with satisfaction, that
already the Department of Agriculture
has begun the collection of data from all
sections of British Columbia relative to
this industry, which is yearly increasing
in importance, and publishing the same
for the information of the people of tho
Province, as well as those residing at
a distance. The remarks made by
yourself at the opening of the Victoria exhibition, a few weeks since, relating to the establishment of a School
of Agriculture at some future period we
trust to witness being fully carried out.
We quite appreciate the difficulties
which beset you in governing a country
such as British Columbia is, but the
manner in which you have administered
its affairs in the past leads us to
hope that progressive as has been the
legislation introduced, and successfully
carried through the House by you, that
even more beneficial measures will, in
duo course of time, bo credited to the
Administration.
Tho policy pursued by your Government in regard to the opening up and
development of the country by extending liberal aid to the railways deemed to
bo in the public interest, meets with our
approval. Your action in reference to a
railway through this valley, the construction of which would give us direct
connection with the railway system of
the continent, was wise and judicious,
and we sincerely hope that the dav is
very near when our anticipations In this
respect will be realized.
We believe that before you depart from
our settlement its Importance will so impress you that the necessity for public
buildings commensurate with the place
and its requirements will force Itself
upon your attention, evincing as well
the Interest tlieGoverninentmanifests in
this section of the country.
Having the fullest confidence In the
integrity of the party now In power, we
believe that the full measure uf justice
promised the Mainland, when tho correct
census returns were made known to you,
will bo carried into effect during the approaching session of the Legislature
Sunias prairie, and knowing that you are | spoken and the company safely housed.
i of
There aro many acts and  matters of
public interest to which we might refer, I believed   the   system
In tho framing of which you, sir, took a : beneficial   one.   The
conspicuous part, but time will not permit of doing so at present.
We aro not unmindful of the many
favors which tho lato lamented Premier,,
during his representation of this district,
and ��� incumbency of office, extended to
always desirous of meeting the poop]
your adopted country, for whom you so
ably legislate, we hope that  in  this respect, also, your visit will be a pleasant
and instructive one.
Hoping that you, sir, and Mrs. Davio
and all the lady and gentlemen visitors
who are with us this afternoon will
accept of the hearty welcome extended
by the people of Chilliwack, who are
proverbial for their hospitality, we beg
to sign ourselves,
S. A. Cawlev,
And one hundred others.
Mr. Davie, in reply, expressed his
great pleasure at the honor conferred
upon him by tho presentation of the address. He was more than glad to find
it there stated that the inhabitants of this
fruitful valley wero contented and prosperous, and although it was not practicable at this time to deal with the several matters introduced in the address,
he could assure the people of Chllllwack
of the desire of tho Government to assist
them in overy reasonable requirement,
lie had been invited to attend a banquet
later In the evening, and he would avail
himself of that occasion to speak in
greater detail on the several subjects referred to in tliu document with which he
had been presented. He would say.
though, that he had to admit that members ol the Government had not been as
frequent visitors to the outlying districts
of the Province as tliey should havo boon.
But he could assure his hearers that not
only was it his own desire to make himself personally acquainted with tlie various localities, but also of his colleagues.
Mr. Turner had fully intended to be
present to-day, but at the last moment
had had to forego the visit on account of
sickness in his family, and postpone to
another timo the pleasure of becoming
personally acquainted with this flourisli-
settlomout. With fresh assurances of
i appreciation of the honor eon forced upon
I him, the Hon. gentleman took his seat
j amidst applause, and, with the other visitors, was driven to the Queen's Hotel.
Our reporter now proceeded to institute a series of inquiries regarding this
public reception and its purport. Being
an absolute stranger, and not one of the
invited guests, this was a comparatively'
easy matter. A number of business
men, taken at random, were interviewed,
and in response to leading questions tho
i following Information was obtained :
[ Some time since tlie managers of the Agricultural Association had decided by a
unanimous vote to invito Mr. Davie to
! be present and open tho annual exhibi-
! tion. and he had accepted. Thereupon a
| meeting of the principal business men
and prominent farmers was called, at
which tlie desirability of tendering the
Hon. Premier a banquet was discussed,
favorably considered, and telegraphic
communication immediately had with
Mr. Davie, then in Carriboo, who wired
his intention to be in attendance. The
necessary arrangements were then completed and the event awaited, Our reporter was assured that the banquet was
in every sense a popular demonstration,
in respect of which town and country
wero practically in accord, and, it was
I said, many of the promoters of it (some
| of whom wero named) were, at the time
! of the last election, strong opponents of
Mr. Robsou's Ministry. The several Informants stilted further that of late a
great change had taken place in the political sentiment of tho valley, and that
It was getting to be very generally agreed
that a change of Legislative representative would be desirable. A movement,
we were told, is in progress to select a
proper candidate to contest the constituency at the next election, and if a judicious selection is made, his return will
be quite a foregone conclusion.
The banquet was served in the Queen's
Hotel, at six' o'clock. The host, Mr. G.
I. Lundy, always noted for his excellent
table, excelled himself on this occasion,
The dining room was handsomely decorated with drapery, the word "Welcome," in tasty colors, being a prominent
feature. Besides tlie invited guests, a
large number of the residents of the
town and neighborhood wero present to
take part in the reception and dinner.
Seventy-five persons sat down to tho
tables, and for wantof room manyothers
had to be refused admittance. Among
those present from Westminster wore Jas.
Punch, J.C. Brown, S. 1). Brymnor, C. S.
Scoullar, A. .1. Tolmio, F. Swartz and E.
Burns. From Vancouver wore Mayor
Cope, Col. Pierce. American Consul, Aldermen McCraney and Collins, Clerk Mc-
Gulgan, Treasurer Baldwin, ox-Mayor
McLean, Mr. George Ward, and others,
There were also present a number of
ladies, several of the above gentlemen
being accompanied by their wives.
After full justice hud been done to the
elaborate menu, the toasts of the evening were proceedod with. Wines wero
conspicuously absent, and the pledges
were drunk in cold water. The chairman. Mr. S. A. Cawley. called the assemblage to order, and proposed tho first
toast, "Tlie Queen and the Royal Family," to which tho entire company responded by singing "God Save the
Queen."
Mr. J. C. Henderson then proposed,
"The President of tho United States,"
coupled with the names of Col. Pierce
and Mr. L. II. Merahon.
Col. Pierce, on rising, said he had como
from the White Mountains of New Hampshire,   There the farmers met  together
on periodical  occasions to hold fairs and
mingle together in  friendly Intercourse.
| So It was  in  Chllllwack   to-day, and ho
was a wiso    and
farmers   aro   tho
The sky then dropped its shower, and
while it rained the clouds again parted
and a band of bright sunshine bathed
the mountain side, while up above tho
arch of a brilliant rainbow stretched
across with   one   foot   on   the   flowing
and seems reasonably certain that the
monetary depression in other countries
is but temporary, but tlie people of British Columbia may well rejoice that here
there is no real depression, and congratulate themselves thatthev have but to contend with a passing period of dullness.
In the address reference is made to the
increasing attention given by the Ministry to the agricultural interests, and satisfaction is expressed with what tho.
Government is doing. One result has
been the gathering of evidence to show
that no less than 82,800,000 was paid
away last year for articles that should
bo produced upon the farms of this Province.     This is startling, aud far beyond
Fraser and the other on   the_ southern j what was anticipated." A year ago he
symbolical as  ho  thought  of   the
hearty friendship that existed between
the two states.    (Loud applause.)
Mr. Mershon responded to the toast in
a  few   well    chosen   words,   and   was
pleased  to endorse the remarks of  Col.
Pierce.
Tne next toast was  proposed   by tho
chairman, and was "tho Governor-General of Canada and His Honor the Lieut.-
Governor of British Columbia," to which
the response was, "For they are  jolly
good fellows," by the company.
The next was "the Provincial Legislature," proposed by the Vice-Presidont of
the  Agricultural Society,   and coupled
with tho names of Jas. Punch and J. C.
Brown.
Mr. Punch, on rising, said ho did  not
feel quite equal to tho occasion, at the
; same time he Would stato that he be-
1 lieved tlie members of the  Legislature,
though differing on points, worn one for
; the  welfare   of   the   I'rovli  and   ho
j could not help but think that the Gov-
i eminent had the interest and prosperity
! of   the   country   at   heart.     lie    had
carefully       watched       tho       progress
made during the pest years, and his observation and experience   had   satisfied
him that if the people and the government would work together, this should
be the lirst   province in  the Dominion.
(Applause.)
Mr. Brown said ho didn't know that
he was to be called upon  to respond to
the toast.    Ho felt himself in a peculiar
position.    A   personal   toast   could   be
easily replied to, but a Legislature has
two sides, and   on   an   occasion of   this
kind one wishes to ignore party divisions
and desires to speak well of all members.
They wero all on good terms personally
and no doubt respected each  other, but
one thing militated against a uniformity
of opinion amongst them  and that was
the great distance that separated   many
of them in  point of   time.    The  conse-
quonco was   that  some riembers wero
not as well  posted   as   thoy should   be.
Ho did not  think it was tho duty of a ^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^
member to put forth every effort to grab I Encouragement   had    also
for his own  constituency and ignore the \ tended   to   tho   road  from
(Mr. Davie) knew that the Importation
of butter alono amounted to 8395,000 annually. For oggs, 890,000 wont out last
year. Hams, bacon, etc., were in proportion. If these millions can be held In
this country by wise legislation bearing
on agriculture, tho accomplishment of
so great a gain Is devoutly to be wished,
and tho Government Is false to the people if it does not foster the farming interests. It is not as though B. C. was a
barren waste, or a sea of mountains, as
It was once described. Thore aro moun-
tains,certainly,but where there aro mountains thore aro valleys���for Instance, as
in Cariboo where thero aro thousands
and thousands of acres of choico land
all ready for tho plow. There the great
trouble is tho market, which at tlie present time is irregular and uncertain; but
with a sure market thore can be no
question of tho abundant production of
articles that aro now obtained by Importation, A few short years ago, this fertile valley of Chllllwack In which we arc
hero gathered, now the garden of the
Province, was lu its primeval state, and if
other sections would follow the example
set them here, there would soon bo little
need of sending inonoy out of the country for ordinary food supplies. And
ovon this productive district could be
aided to a yet higher prospority than it
now enjoys. Mr. Davio next preceded
to refer to railways. The members of
tho House, irrespective of party, h0
said, were unanimous in the desire to
assist now railways in ovory way poss|-
slble, so long as not to bo burthensome
on the public. The Shuswap-Okanagan
road had beon assisted, and tho result had been of groat benefit to the
Province. In liko manner much good
could bo accomplished in Cariboo. A
scheme for a narrow gauge railway into
that district is now on foot, negotiations
being in progress with tho owners of the
Gait narrow gauge road, which is shortly
to be changed to a standard gauge.
Overtures have been made, which it is
expected will culminate beforo long,
been    e.x-
  Rcvelstoke
Province as a whole.    Members should j in   Kootenay  reaching    to   the   mines,
strive to be posted, and  he was pleased  which was ono of great urgency to save
to say that Mr. Kitchen was now out
gathering information for tho benefit of
the whole.    (Applause.)
Mr. S. Mellard thon proposed the
toast of the evening, "tlie Government
of British Columbia," coupling the name
of the lion. Premier of tho Province of
British Columbia.
Hon. Mr. Davie arose amidst repeated
applause. He said ho didn't know how
to give expression to his thanks for tho
kind manner in which ho had boon received by the people of Chilliwack, and
the hearty tokens of approval that had
been expressed towards himself and the
government, of which he was loader. In
responding to this toast, which was certainly a political one, ho felt like Mr.
Brown tho difficulty ho was placed in
through the desirability of refraining at
this time from touching upon questions
of a party nature, especially as some of
the matters alluded to in the address he
had been honored with that afternoon
were more or lessof a controversial char-
actor. In replying to the several matters introduced he would bo as brief as
possible, and, first of all, he wished to
express the pleasure it gave him to find
it stated in the address that the people
of Chilliwack arc a contented and a
prosperous community. He was glad to
know such was tho case. He maintained that public contentment and
prosperity were largely Influenced by
the governing powers, and ho was certain that if government and people endeavored band in hand to promote tho
public welfare this should beaconten cd
and prosperous community. Wo live
under what might be called two systems
of government, and what tho ono has
accomplished by wise measures is apparent when wo look on other countries and
note tlie wave of financial calamity that
has swept them with effects actually ap-
paling. Strongmen in tho publicstroets
weeping over wrecked fortunes, and
families unprovided for. How gratifying it is to turn from this scone
of calamity, and be assured that
lu British Columbia there is prospority and coiitontmont. Whatever
mistakes the Government of the Province may have fallen into, it was quite
certain tho laws wore conceived with
good purpose. It could not be otherwise, for the members of tho Ministry
wore not men in need of office, and were
a great deal more desirous of promoting good measures and thereby holding
the good will of the people than of retaining their political positions. Returning to financial matters, what, ho
would ask, was the ground of the prevailing prosperity lu this Canada of ours.
Undoubtedly, the primary reason was a
sound banking system. The Provincial
Government, of course, sought no credit
for this, because It was not within the
province of the Legislature, and It is
only just to give credit where credit is
due. On tlie other side of the boundary
line the banks aro feared, but on this
back bone of every country. Tako
away agriculture and thero was little
left. He \,cts gratified with the welcomo
that had been extended by Chilliwack to
her visitors. The peoplo of the valley
had acquitted themselves magnificently.
Chllllwack,   Of late, however, we regret i Ho could realize the significance of what
to say, for some reason or other, theso
have been few and far botwoen. In a
young and growing settlement, such as
ours is, there is always a pressing demand for public Improvements, such as,
tho opening up of no* roads and the construction of bridges, etc., all of which
require, money to carry them to comL
pletlon. Our roads, as vou will observe,
are fairly good, considering that they
havo been built and are maintained out
of the taxes of the ratepayers of the
municipality.
he had seen that day. Here wero tho
kind of peoplo to mako a flourishing
country. Descended from old Puritan
stock/ho hacLnrido In tho. raco from
whicli he sprung, and felt that In English, Irish and Scotch wo had the best
olood that oxlsts In this wldo world.
And hero mixing with tho farmers today, thore was brought to his mind an
Illustrious man, President of tho United
States, who. receiving his education on
the farm, had advanced to the highest
office the people had to bestow. That man
the large trade of that   important   district from passing to the  other   side of
the   lino.   The   proposed   railway from
Chilliwack to the coast had also received
the, attention of the government, and he
hoped to see such  aid   givon   as would
soon make that road an   accomplished
fact.   Without tho railway, development
would not progress to any great  extent,
and the government would therefore extend aid to tne utmost of its ability, but
in   regard   to   railways    generally,   it
would not carry its aid to the point of
bankruptcy, and on no account would it
go beyond its financial ability.   Proceeding, tho   speaker said ho hoped on the
morrow to   take   a   drivo  through the
farming   lands, and   examine   into   the
needs of   the  agricultural   community.
Ho would pay attention to tho dyking
requirements    and    could    assure   bis
hearers   that   tho   government was   always willing to help any schemo of that
kind when put in business shape.   The
lion, gentleman next reforrod to the  redistribution measure, and In introducing
his remarks, oxpressed his dosire  not to
tronch upon what might  be considered
party politics, this  question   being one
about which thore had been a good deal
of controversy.    Ho would first say that
when ho made a statement on this subject, there was not the slightest ground
to discredit his utterance.   Ho was not
going to leave tho country, and there was
no occasion to deceive   Ho would   not
say that the government's redistribution
measure would please their opponents.
That was not tho intention.  Liko similar
moasures in other provinces, it would no
doubt  bo called a gerrymander.    The
government proposed to consult the interests of the country and ho felt he
could  safoly   assure  his  hearers   that
when the bill was brought down it would
bo accepted as fair and  just, and   give
satisfaction to overy reasonable  man in
tho Province.    It would break what has
been called tho balanco of   power, and
leave  no  ground of complaint on'that
score.   Ho was pleased at tho Healthy reaction which had sot in, in favor of the
Government.    At   the proper time and
proper place ho was   quite   prepared to
offer a perfect defense for all tho actions
of the government on   this   and   other
questions.    There was  no   measure introduced by ministers which thoy wero
not abundantly ready to defond on proper occasion.     Mr. Davio then  referred
to tho kindness and good will shown to
himself and his government here, and in
Kootonay   and   Cariboo, and   hoped   to
find fufnro   occasions  for   many  such
visits, for he was willing to admit that
tho complaint of tho nogloct of ministers
to mako themsolves acquainted with the
several sections of   tho Province was a
just  one, and   he  and   his   colleagues
would endeavor to rectify It in  tho future.   Last year, ho was simply a pris.
ouor In Victoria, owing to tho work entailed by tho smallpox epidemics.   This
year he had visltod Kootonay and Carl-
side .the people jiro not afraid of closed | boo, and thus set a good example for tin
bank doors. Even when, as may sometimes happen, a Canadian bank suffers
tho misfortune of being permanently
broken, there is no wide-spread distress,
nor has not boon since the passing of tho
Banking Act. The failure of the Commercial Bank of Manitoba shows this,
and the reason Is that the Govornmont
provides against loss to tho people.
Banks aro required to pay in to tho Government a doposit of 5 por cent, on their
circulation, and this doposit forms a fund
to protect tho circulation of banks generally. This fund now amounts to somo
millions of dollars, and is resortod to, if
need bo, to redoom tho notes of broken
banks. Besidos, whon a bank closos Its
doors, the outstanding notes Immediately
commenco to carry an interest of 6 per
cont., and this makes them not only safe
but ovon allows of a little profit. Theso
and others are the reasons why the banks
of Canada aro solid and sound, and tho
Government of Canada Is entitled to tho
thanks of tho public for tho wiso measures
\ that have been adopted.  It is to bo hoped
Opposition, which Mr. Kitchoii was now
following. Tho Hon. Promlor took his
scat amidst hoarty applause.
Mr. D. McGUlivray next proposed
"Our Agricultural Interests," and
coupled with It the names of A. D. Mc-
Rao. A. C. Wells, C. J. Hlgglnsoii and
J. H. Best.
Mr. McRae had much pleasure in
Doing present on this occasion, but
didn't expect to bo callod upon for a
spoefch. He felt it, howover, an honor
as well as a privilege to respond to that
toast. In Canada the * agriculturists
comprised seven tenths of the population. No profession stands higher in
the estimation of tho public, for of them
all, tho farmer is tho only one who by
improving himself, Improves his neighbor and his country. Wo were here today in tho garden of B. C. Ho had mot
a couplo of typical Scotchmon who, aftor
traveling wldoly on tho continent for
throo months, had reached Chilliwack
and expressed tho opinion that hero was
tho  best  farming  district In Amorlca. VJ
NEW   WESTMINISTER,   BRITISH   COLUMBIA,   SEPT.   23,   1893.
fhuu the visitors examined   the   farm
pduets now being stored in the agri-
ifltural hall for exhibition, be was sure
ay would find good evidence that this
|as one of the most progressive districts
the Province.
I Tho   other   gentlnien   named  did not
kspoiid.
[The next was "Our Municipal Institu-
lovis," proposed by Mr. L. W. Paisley,
Hio named as responders Mavor Cope,
W-Mayor McLean, Aldermen McCraney
Ifid Collins, and Councillors Atkinson,
Campbell and Kennedy.
Mayor Cope   thanked   the   people of j
thilliwack for their kind reception,   He '
lid  not   find   that    municipal    affairs I
fnoved along quite as smoothly as a Sun-
Jay school.   Ho was glad to know that
Chilliwack was prosperous and still pro-1
dressing,   aud   ho    could    assure    the j
fanchers of   ready market for all their j
produce down In the good city of Vancouver.
Mr. McLean was delighted to be present.   He had taken an interest in agriculture from  the time he came to the
Province.   He would   like to speak at
ireater length, but there was a dramatic
Iperformance In the hall   that  evening
lunder the patronage of the Hon. Premier
land his lady, and to keep the  company
Ithere till morning listening to his (Mr.
iMcLean's)   speech would  bo  very unpleasant.    (Laughter.)
Mr. McCraney was glad to have received
I invitation to bo present and pleased to
Ibe here. Around him ho saw every evi-
Ideuce of prosperity, and he trusted it
I would continue. Down in the cities, all
I tlie produce tlie farms could raise was
I needed.
Messrs. Atkinson, Campbell and Ken-
| nedv stroke briefly.
"Our Banking  Institutions" wa.-
Tho company thon adjourned in haste
to Henderson's Hall, where the comic
drama "Among the Breakers," was presented by amateur performers under the
patronage of the Hon. Premier and Mrs.
Davie. Tlie Pacific Canadian reporter
did not attend, being engaged with other
matters, but all who were present spoke
in the very highest terms of the real excellence of the presentment, Mr. D. E.
Stevenson's rendering of the keeper of
Fairport light was said to be specially
good, and Miss J. Lundv, as Bess Star-
bright, was greatly admired. Indeed,
all who took part aro endited with having acquitted themselves admirably.
The other parties in tho play wero
Messrs. O. C. Dasterhoeft, C. B. Reeves,
C. Hutch. S. Souter, B. Dasterlneft,
Mrs. W. J. Cramer, Miss G. McRae and
Miss Ballev.
We would like to add something about
Chilliwack and its promising future, but
may not do so in this Issue.
posed by Mr. J. A. Campbell, who named
Messrs. G, D. Bryinnor and ,1. R
Whitelay to respond.
Mr. Brymner said his training in advancing loans and discounting notes did
The Surrey Exhibition.
The annual exhibition of tho District
of Surrey Agricultural Association was
held at Cloverdale yesterday, and was a
great succes. Full particulars will appear in our next. It Is not possible to
prepare a detailed report for this Issue.
Hon. Premier Davie was present In the
afternoon, and was presented with an
address, of which the following is a copy:
To THK Hon. Theodore Davib, Q. C,
Premier  and   Atiobnkv-Genkrai.
ok British Columbia :
Sir.���Your unexpected visit to our exhibition  this  afternoon  has placed the
Board ot Managers  of  the Surrey Agricultural Association,   and  the  people of
this Municipality generally, in a rather
pro-1 difficult position.     We welcome you and
your most estimable  lady heartily',  but
we, feel that more than this is due from us,
and in tlie press of  time we donot know
what measures to take.
Be assured that this hastily construct-
not particularly qualify him for making led address is but an indication of the
a speech, and he did not intend to make ; pleasure your visit affords us. Surrey,
one. But he wished to thank the people j as you no doubt are aware, Is by natural
for their kindness, and to remind them qualifications one of the most promising
that Vancouver was  not the only city  of the municipalities of the Province.
that wanted their trade and produce,
and they could be made just as comfortable in Westminster.    iLaughter.)
Mr. Whitley expressed his thanks for
having his name coupled with the toast,
but would not speak at length on this
occasion.
Rev. Mr. Allen, in a neat speech, proposed "The Learned Professions." and
named Hon. Attorney-General, Dr. Henderson and E. M. N. Woods to respond.
Hon. Mr. Davie referred to the fact of
four of the judges of the Province residing in Victoria, which, he said, the Government did not believe was right. In
times past most of the judicial business
was conducted at Victoria, where the
Here we have hill aud dale and bottom
lands, all the conditions, in short for tho
culture of grasses, cereals, or fruits, and
in cattle, sheep, and other live stock our
ranches have successfully competed with
tho whole Province. But the very diversity of our soils renders the making
of roads, and the maintaining of them, a
burdensome charge upon our sottlors.
Our roads, we regret to say, are not as
good as they should be for tho needs of
tde considerable population of tho municipality, and although wo believe in
���'helping ourselves," our abilities are not
always equal to the demand put upon
them.
Here in Cloverdale   you   are   In   the
bull; of the population then was; but the \ midst of a small community that is suf-
Provincc had grown out of that,  and j foring for the want of  communication
there was now on the Mainland a city
nearly as largo as tlie capital. An endeavor would be made to set this matter
right. Arrangements had been
made for a weekly session in Vancouver, but this had only been kept up
for a time. Recently, a delegate had
been appointed by the Bar of the Main
with the Yale road, which is tho chief
thoroughfare of the, district. Tho people of this community fooling well satis-
lied if the desire of yourself and your
colleagues to forward deserving public
Improvements, have already petitioned
your government for assistance in completing the opening of the Clovor Valley
land to interview the Minister of Justice | road between Cloverdale  and the Yale
on this matter,  and he (Mr. Davie) had \ crossing
supplied that delegate with a suitable
letter of introduction, recommending
him as a man deserving of being listened
to. The Minister of Justice thinks
that the   Legislature is competent  to
We, who are participating in this exhibition of agricultural products, have
learned with regret tbat your osteomod
colleague the Minister of Agriculture,
has this year deemed It advbiablo to re-
deal with the subject, and whatever can j duco the grant to the District of Surrey
be done that wav will be done. In the j Agricultural Association. The fact
County Courts some districts are in a | bears rather hardly upon our socioty,
like condition, as Yale, for instance. Ho i becauss the prize list had been published
did not wish to speak behind the judges I beforo the association was informed of
back, and the judge at Y'ale was the i the reduction in revenue,
peer of a*iy one, but he would have to
learn that the judge was for the accom- j
modatiou of tlie Province, and not the |
Province for the accommodation of tbe
judge, In regard to the endeavor to secure the appointment of a judge for Vancouver, he was quite in accord with the
movement, except on one point, and
that was the proposal to appoint a judge
from the East. This country grew men,
and it could grow judges, too, famous
and great.    (Hear, hear.)
Mr. Pelly responded with a song, which
was rendred in good style.
Mr. Dickson believed in brevity under
existing circumstances.
"The Press," was proposed bv Mr. J.
Tytler. and tlie names of the The World,
The Colonist, The Pacific Canadian,
and The Progress, were coupled with the
toast.
Mr. MoLagan thanked the proposer of
the toast for the handsome manner in
which he had presented it. Proceeding,
he said ho had been told that it would
not be safe for the editor of the World to
come to Chilliwack, but a llighlandinan
fears not. The speaker was always
ready to do battle for the right. The
journal he controlled had had occasion
to differ with others on political questions, but so long as he believed he was
right, be cared not though he should be
as one to ninety-nine. Through another
channel he had learned that some parties
in this town had recommended that the
World be boycotted. This was striking
at the bread and butter of his family,
and any man who would do that he regarded as his enemy. He had no objection to a manly opponent, for there are
two sides to all questions, and ho was
quite aware that there was a good deal
to say on the other side differing from
the World. But ho wished it understood
that his paper was no servile instrument
of tlie Ministry, and lie felt himself quite
as Independent of the Government as
Mr. .1. 0. Brown, or any other man. lie
dictated his own policy, and was controlled by no one. should the Government fail to bring down a fair redistribution bill at the next session, ho would
promptly part company with them.
The representative of the Colonist expressed hearty thanks, but excused himself as the hour was late.   ���
Mr. J, F. Galbraith, for the Pacific
Canadian, believed a free press was
synonymous with a free people.
The Prourcss would not take up time.
Mr. L. W. Paisley proposed "The
Ladles," with Mr. C. B. Reeves to respond.
Mr. Reeves said he was a great admirer of the ladles, but a good many of
them were up in the hall anxiously
awaiting the opening of tho dramatic
performance, and the best thing their
husbands could do was to join them.
The final toast, "Our Host and Hostess," was proposed by Mr. W. M. Wood,
coupled with the names of Mr. and Mrs.
Sir, our pleasure, at this your lirst
visit to Surrey is lessened because of our
lack of preparation to provide entertainment for yourself, Mrs. Davio and tho
children who are with you.
(Signed)   Jos. McCai.lum,
Pres. Surrey Agri. Asso.
And 60 others.
BOARD OF TRADE MEET.
Royal Agricultural and Industrial Society of B.C.
EXHIBITION AND GRAND GELEBRATION!
���AT-
ZtTZETW   WESTMINSTER,   B.C.
-ON-
Tuesday, Wednesday, Thursday and Friday   -   September 26, 27, 28 and 29, 1893.
$15,000    ���   prizes   -    $15,000.
This Exhibition-Celebration is the Largest in the Dominion West ot* Toronto, ana the Liberality of the Premium List is
Unequalled in Western Canada.
FIRST ANNUAL MEET, DIVISION No. 11, CANADIAN WHEELMAN'S ASSOCIATION,
To decide Provincial Championship.   The most Important Cycling Event ever held In the Province,   bicyclists will attend from all parts of British Columbia.
Washington and Oregon.
ACQUATIC   SPORTS  AND  CANOE  RACES
WHICH WILL INCLUDE INDIAN KACES IN  WAR CANOES,  BETWEEN   REPRESENTATIVES OK THE  DIFFERENT TRIBES.
ENTIRELY   NEW   FEATURE   OF   A
LOG-CHOPPING      CONTEST!
In which a largo number of tho best Axemen in tho Province will take part.    This Competition is open to ALL COMERS, and Handsome Gold Medals will be
awarded the winners.
HORSE   RACES.
CHAMPIONSHIP LACROSSE MATCH
Victoria vs. M Westminster.
JUNIOR LACROSSE TOURNAMENT FOR CHAMPIONSHIP TROPHY.
Rugby and Association Football Match.
Sailors1  Sports, Field Sports, Rifle Matches.
Grand Ball and Promenade Concerts.
The Westminster City Band and other Bauds will bo present and dispense music throughout the Exhibition-Celebration.
Special accommodation will be provided for visitors.    Excursion Rates have boon secured over all tbe Railway and Steamboat Lines for visitors and for freight
rates on exhibits.    There will be no charge for exhibits crossing the Eraser at New Westminster.
For further particulars as to prizes, sports and celebration, seo Society's Prize List and small programmes of celebration.
Further information will be gladly furnished on application to
A. B. MACKENZIE, General Secretary.       T. J TRAPP, President R. A. & I. Society.
D. S. CURTIS, Mayor, Chairman Celebration Committee.
A   Proposition   for   the  Erection of Cold
Storage Discussed.
A   special   meeting of   the  Board of
Trade was  held   on Tuesday afternoon
last.   There were present T.  .1.  Trapo,
president; D.  S.  Curtis,  vice-president;
D.   Robson,   secretary-treasurer; .1.   C.
Brown, M. P.  P., ex-Mayor  Townsend,
I Inspector of   Fisheries   McNab,  1).   J.
Munn, W. A. Duncan, Jas. Johnson, II.
\ O. Ross, Capt. Cooper and Ceo. Kennedy.
.A communication was read from J. B.
; McKllltgan, of   Victoria, on   behalf  of
! English  capitalists, as  to  tlie  Inducements to bo olfered for the erection of a
: cold storage  at this place.   The   letter
\ which was read by the secretary was as
! follows:
"I am authorized to inform vou that a
I syndicate of English capitalists are dis-
1 posed to undertake tho erection and
maintenance of cold storage warehouses
! at Victoria, Vancouver and New West-
; minster (at either of these places or at
I all of them), if reasonable prospects can
I be shown that the volume of business in
I perishable foods likely to pass through
I the warehouses annually will be such as
1 would warrant their erection, and also if
I sufficient inducement is extended to-
I wards tlie enterprise to Insure, at least,
! a moderate interest on the capital neces-
, sarlly embarked.
"Tho Importance and present pressing
I need of cold storage at these ports must
] be apparent to the business men  repre-
; seated by your Board.    Few eitlesof uny
| importance are   without  cold   storage,
��� and wherever  they  have been  established the results In the development of
business in perishable foods, and in other
businesses, have   been   extremely satisfactory.
The communication further stated
that In order to make tho introduction
of cold storage a suecoss the business
would have to be gone Into on a largo
scale in order to supply the futuro possibilities of the city.
The estimated cost of a cold storage
capable of holding 75 car loads would
cost 876,000 to $135,000, depending on
construction of foundation.
The communication was, on motion,
received and tho following committee appointed to reply to It:
Moved by Mr. Brown, seconded by Mr.
Townsend, that a committee consisting
of Messrs. T. J. Trapp, D. S. Curtis, D.
J. Munn, Jas. Johnson, W. A. Duncan
and D. Robson bo appointed to reply to
Mr. McKilligan's letter, giving  him In-
Lundy, but neither responding, a gentle-iformat,on   as t0 pi,0bable  trado   assls
man of the company arose and  in a few I tBnce llv thc ovent of tuo establishment
neat sentences   expressed  the high   es- j 0j a co|,j 9t0rage.
teem in which   Mr. Lundy and   his   es-     Mr. Brown's aiid ThDs. Cuniiiiigham's
timablowife wore held In the community | mlIU0S wero
of Chilliwack and wherever known.        j committee
afterwards  added  to  tho
Tho following report on late Fraser
River soundings, by Geo. W. Robertsou
and II. R. Jones, two pilots, to tho Pilot
Commissioners, which had been forwarded to tho Board, was then road:
"The result of a careful series of
soundings (many hundreds In number)
taken between a.m. 10 and p.m. 7.42 of
tho 1st inst., has satisfied us that there
is nowhere less than 24 feet on an O. H.
water in the ship channel between tho
'S. heads,' and 'Annlcville bar.'
"Wo took five linesof soundings across
'Annieville bar,' and conclude that, although thero may be from 9 to 12 inches
moro water on tho southern bank, the
channel is so tortuous, it would bo imprudent to attempt it without the aid of
buoys. Along the northern or 'Annacis'
bank, the least water we found was 19 ft.
3 In. to 19 ft. 0 in., on a (0) six foot rise,
and this we judge to be tho best channel.
"We would respectfully suggest that
the best practicable channel across this
bar should be buoyed, and also the middle bank below the Brunette sawmill,
for turning and handling ships. For
coming up river, a tidal gauge below the
bar is very necessary."
On motion of Messrs. Townsend and
Duncan, the report was received, and
the secretary instructed to send a copy
or abstract to Mr. F. C. Gamble, Dominion Government Engineer, Victoria,
and to ask him to carry out the recommendations thorein.
Pnre Bred Berkshire
Pigs.
The undersigned, breeder of Pure Bred
Berkshire Swine, has always on hand pigs of
all ages, which will be sold at reasonable
prices.   Applv to
THOMAS SHANNON.
Cloverdale, B.C.
Limited.
(Successors to W. H. Vianen.)
WHOLESALE AND EXPORT
FISH  AND CAME
MERCHANTS.
UUNGRY FOR LAND.
The Public Domain  of the   United  Stales
Down to a Corner,
Arkansas Cltv, Kan., Sept. 18.���A hundred thousand peoplo settled upon tho
Cherokee strip on Saturday. At noon
the signal was given and the great raeo
began. As far as the eye could reach in
either direction could be seen men
mounted in wagons and on foot, closely
packed together, making a solid column,
200 feet or more wide in tho middle, and
tapering away to a mere streak of black
in the distance. Confusion reigned
everywhere, so closely wero the contestants packed together. Exactly at high
noon the report of the revolver of the
commanding officer of Uncle Sam's representatives rang out the signal for the
start. Pell-mell, helter-skelter, hurry-
hcurry, the great speculative army began
a rush fur the line and raced for home
and fortune. Shouting, cracking whips,
rattling wheels, clattering hoofs and the
explosion of firearms combined to make
a confusion of sound in keeping with the
general disorder of the start, and to render tho scene one of Indescribable pandemonium.
James H. Hill, of Kingston, N. J., was
shot and Instantly killed by soldiers at
the southwest corner of tho Chilcotho
reservation. Ho started Into tho strip
before the signal was given. Tho soldiers warned him to stop, but ho did not
need thoir orders and thoy fired upon
him. Ho had $500, and It was turned
over to the sheriff. In thu race many
men wero injured and some killed. Of
tho latter two were murdered, ono being,
stabbed, and tho other shot through the
head. Many dead horsos aro on tho
prairie. Soldiers shot four sooners near
Stlllwator, O. T., and Arkansas City,
SHIPPING. HOTELS and FAMILIES supplied at lowest prieos.
All kinds of FURS and SKINS purchased';
highest prioes given.
Warehouse and Store���Front Struct.
Telephone No. (1.
Freezer, loo House, &e.���Lulu Island.
P. O. Box 449.
Mainland Track and Dray
Stables.
NEW WESTMINSTER,
GILLEY BROS.
Draylng & Teaming Promptly
Attended to.
ALDER AND Fill WOOD AND BARK
ALWAYS ON HAND.
Agents for T. llenibrough & Co.'s Brick,
Tile and Pottery Works.
Orders received for Gllloy ,t Rogers'Coal.
CAMPBELL'S
Corner MeKenzie ant MiMa Street M WESTMINSTER,
BRITISH   COLUMBIA.
SHAVING   PARLOR   ATTACHED,       D. Walker, Manager.
RESTAURANT IN  CONNECTION.
SAMPLE   ROOMS   FOB   COMMERCIALS.
The steamer Saskatchewan, plying on
Lake   Manitoba,   was   burned,     Loss
��25,000.
CORNER.
OLDEST BUSINESS PREMISES
IN THE CITY.
Leading Lines:
CLOTHING, MEN'S FURNISHINGS,
HATS AND CAPS,
TRUNKS AND VALISES.
In The Inner Oentiie of the BUSINESS   ClHl'l.l'..
Cor. Columbia and Mary Sts..
Westminster.
1'. 0. Box 405.
Telephone tj.
PARNELL *   GUNN
.A-IVE SELLI1TG
Hungarian   Flour,   $1.25   per  sack;     Oregon   Flour  $1,25
per sack;  Wheat, ioo lbs. $1.50;  Black Tea, 6 lbs.  for
$1.00 ; 5 Tins Choice Jain, 65 cts; Mixed Pickles 20
cts.  per bottle; Green   Peas   10   cts.   per  tin.
Free Delivery to Any Part of The City.
COLUMBIA STREET, OPPOSITE C. P. R. STATION,
New Westminster, B. C. NEW   WESTMINSTER,   BRITISH   COLUMBIA.   SEPT.   23,   1893.
THE GUNMAKER OF MOSCOW
(SUCCESSORS TO JAMES CUNNINGHAM.)
ESTABLISHED 1SG2.
Wholesale and Retail Dealers
IN FOLLOWING LINES:
HARDWARE.
Carpenters' Tools, Farm and Garden Implements.
Shears, Scissors and Razors, Table and Pocket Cutlery
Axes, Picks, Mattocks, Shovels and Spades.
Cross-cut Saws, Buck Saws and Hand Saws.
Peevies, Canthooks, Wheelbarrows and Scrapers.
Baling Wire, Russel Barb and Woven Wire Fencing.
Iron and Lead Pipe, Pumps and Sinks.
(continued.)
This mention of his mother drove tlie
last lingering doubt from Kuric's mind.
Again bo struck the onposing point
down, and then lie pressed his own point
upon tho count's bosom. He avoided the
heart���he tried to avoid the vitals���but
ho threw his arm forward, and his glittering blade passed through the fool's
body. With an expression of pain upon
his features he started back, and rested
his reeking point upon the trodden snow.
The count came furiously on again, but
he struck wildly, and at random, Ruric
merely warding off his blows, until finally his arm sank. On the next momont
his sword drooped from his nerveless
grasp, and he fell fainting back into the
arms of his attendants.
PAINTS.
White Lead and Bed Lead, Dry and Mixed Polors, Euaniel and Car.
rinse Paints and Artists' Table Colors.
OILS.
Lubricating and Paint Oils, Kerosene Oils, Cycle and Sewing
Machine Oils.
STOVES.
COOKING AND HEATING STOVES,
STOVE FURNISHINGS AND CASTINGS,
PARLOR GRATES, TILES,
STOVE PIPE, ELBOWS, Etc.
HOUSE FURNISHINGS.
Tinware,  Woodenware,   Enamelled  Iron   Ware,   Lanterns,
Baskets, Pails, Tubs, Brushes, Mops, Brooms
Churns and Wringers.
BRUSHES.
Paint <fc Varnish, Whitewash, Scrubbing 6c Blacking.
CORDAGE.
Manilla, Cotton and Lisal'Rope, Baling Rope, Binder Twine,
Hop Twine, Salmon Twines, Sack Twine, Lath Yarn, etc.
CROCKERY.
DINNER    SETS,   TEA   SETS,  CHAMBER   SETS,  FISH  AND GAME SETS.
FRUIT SETS.
TEAPOTS, JUGS, CUPS AND SAUCERS, FANCY CHINAWARE, Ere.
STONEWARE JARS, CROCKS AND CHURNS, CUSPIDORES, Etc.
TABLE    AND    HANGING    LAMPS,    GLASSWARE,    CHIMNEY   GLOBES,
SHADES, Etc.
WINE AND LEMONADE SETS, TABLE SETS, WATER JUGS AND DECANTERS, GOBLETSi TUMBLERS, SYRUP JUGS AND CRUET BOTTLES,
BAR GLASSES, FRUIT AND HONEY JARS.
LEATHER AND RUBBER BELTING, ENGINE PACKING.
Lime,  Plaster and  Cement,  Drain Pipe, Terra Ootta
Chimney Pipe.
Uillcs. Miot (>iiiin, Itcvol verx, Cnrtrldfrc Helta wild Umi C'hncn,
Carlrhlk��'n. Shell*, WimIn, < h|��n and l'l-linerm, Miot and
lliilleta, Powder In bulk mid In HiinIim,
tannic TrwoN, Etc., Etc.
Prices Reasonable.     Correspondence Invited.
Country Orders will receive Prompt Attentioo.
Street  ��� Ifew Westminster.
CHAPTER VI.
BEFOBK THS EMPKKOB.
"Is he dead?" asked Ruric, starting
quickly forward.
"Hold, my son," said the monk, laving
his hand upon the young man's arm.
"Surely you have nothing to fear. It
was none of your work���no more than if
you hud run your sword to the heart of
a wild beast that had attacked you."
"But I did not touch his heart,"
quickly returned the youth. "I was
careful of that. I would have struck
him up the head with the Hat of my
BWOl'd, but I feared I might break Ills
skull."
"Ho Is not dead yet," answered the
Burgeon, as Ruric pressed forward and
askod the question a second time "Ho
has only fainted from the shock of the
blow, coupled with his own fears and
passions."
"But will he die ?" Rurlcasked, kneeling down hy the fallen mini's side.
"1 cannot yet tell, the doctor said, at
tlie same time willing tlie blood away,
which was flowing freely.
"But why not probe the wound now'.1"
suggested the monk. "Now is .the best
time, for the place is not yet Inflamed ;
and while he is thus insensible he will bo
free from pain."
Tlie surgeon at once saw the truth and
propriety of this, and he proceeded to
act iiiion the suggestion. Havingseleot-
| cd a probe which appeared applicable,
he examined the wound. Ruric watched
him eagerly, and with a painful expression.
"I do not think this wound Is.mortal,"
the surgeon reported, as he carefully felt
his way along the course the steel had
taken. "It had passed blow the right
lung, and only severed some of the
smaller blood-vessels. I think, with proper care, he may recover."
"Thank God!" fervently ejaculated
Ruric, with his hands clasped.
"But why so anxious ?" asked Urzen.
"You were ready onough to accept his
challenge."
"Aye, else you would have called me
a coward," answered the gunmaker, with
a flashing eye. "Had I refused to meet
him, that fatal word would have met me
at every turn. I knew that such a man
as he was no match for me at any game
whero strength of arm and sleight of
hand were required. So I meant to disarm him, and thon give him up his life,
believing that such an act would end the
combat. You know how I labored to
spare him. But I could not. Yet I
would not have the life of a fellow-being
���a countryman���upon my hands In such
a quarrel. My father died fighting for
country, and so would I die if my death
must come from the hand of man; but to
die thus would be a curse upon my name
���and to Inflict such a death upon another
would bo a curse In my memory."
"I believe you, my son," the monk
said. "Only if the count dies you should
not allow such feelings as you mention to
overcome you. In no way are you to
blame for this."
"True, father���you speak truly," added the surgeon. "The voung man has
acted most nobly, and no blame can be
attached to him."
Ruric seemed somewhat relieved by
these assurances, and having seen tlie
count's wound dressed, and assisted in
bearing the insensible form to the sledge,
he took Alaric's proffered arm and proceeded to his own team.
"Who Is that monk?" asked the lieutenant as they entered their sledge.
"1 only know that ho is called Vladimir," replied Ruric. "I have only seen
him once before. Have vou ever seen
liini ere this'.'"
"Yes, several times abou tour barracks.
Ho has been there when some of our pour
fellows have been sick and dying.     lie
seems to be a good-hearted man. and. I
I should judge, quite intelligent."
'���I agree with you there." our hero
i said. "I think ho Is a good man; but
there is nevertheless a mystery about
him which I cannot solve. His countenance Is familiar to me, and yet I cannot
' toll where nor when I have seen him."
"Aye," said Alarlc, quickly and eager-
J ly, "that Is precisely the case with me.
I inn sure I  have seen  that man under
j different circumstances,    And others of
I our company have thought the same."
"Tlie two men watched the movements
of the monk while they thus spoke, and
they noticed that he entered his sledge
and drove off towards Borodino.
"Ruric." said tlie lieutenant, after he
had ridden same little distance, and at
the same time gazing wondoringly into
big companion's face, "you handle the
sword like a magician. I'd give all I
own at this present moment���my commission and all���If I could handle the
��� sword as you can."
"I do understand the weapon passing
i well," the youth modestly answered;
"but I liavo worked hard to gain the
; science."
"All,'tis not all FClonco," the officer
' added. "That wondrous strength of
i yours Is u host in Itself."
"And yet," said Ruric, "I have seen
weaker men than myself who would
overcome mo'easily��� or, at least, might
overcome me."
"Hut they are not In this city," suggested Orsa, with a peculiar shake of the
head.
"True, Alarlc. I am not In the habit
of mentioning my own powers, but yet
I may say that there Is no man in Moscow who is my superior In tho use of any
sort of offensive arms."
The lieutenant roadlly admitted the
truth of this, and then the conversation
turned upon the subject of tho count,
and tlie course lie had pursued with
respect to the event which hao just
transpired. This conversation lasted
until they had readied the door of
Rurlc's residence, und  having thanked
his friend for his kindness, and expressed
the hope that at some time he might
have opportunity to return some adequate favor, tlie gunmaker entered the
house.
The widow sat in her great chair by
the lire, and she was pale and anxious.
Her brow was supported by her hands,
and at every sound from without she
would start up with a frightened expression and listen. At length tho sound of
bells struck upon her ear���they came
nearer and nearer���and they stopped at
her door. She would have arisen, but
she could not. With her hands clasped,
she bent eagerly forward, and listened
witli a frantic interest. Soon the door
opened. Surely no one but him would
enter without knocking! She started to
her feet���the inner door opened���a male
iocaa stood beforo her.
"Mother!"
"Ruric!���my boy!���safe!"
She tottered forward and sank upon
the bosom of her noble son, and while
she wound her arms tightly about him
she murmured her thanks to God.
By and by tho widow became more
cairn, but still thero was an earnest,
eager look of fear upon her face. Ruric
saw It, and he knew well what it meant.
"Mother," he said, "the count is not
dead."
"Nor wounded?" she exclaimed, quickly and eagerly.
"Yes���badly. Hut listen : I could not
help It." And thereupon ho related all
the Circumstances connected witli the
conflict. When he had concluded liis
mother pondered a few moments, and
then she said :
"Surely, my son. I will try and suffer
nothing from this, even should the
wicked man die. In all you acted but
upon the defensive. Prom tlie lirst lie
lias only been intent on attacking you ;
and on tlie battle-ground he would have
killed you if lie could."
"Most surely he Would, mother. Aye
���lie would not have hesitated to stab
me in the back could he have gained tlie
opportunity, lie was mad beyond all
relf-i'ontrol, and his eagerness to kill
me was only equalled by his chagrin at
being overcome by one whom lie had
hoped easily to conquer."
After tliis Ruric went to his shop, but
Paul manifested no great emotion upon
beholding him.
"Vou seem to take it as a matter of
course that 1 should   return  alivo and
j well," said tlie gunmaker. with a smile.
:    "Why���of course," returned the boy,
composedly.    "What would  a score of
! such men as he ho to you? Conrad Dani-
j onolf hold a sword before Ruric Nevel?���
No, I only smiled when 1 heard his ohal-
J lenge.    I should have as soon thought of
i being anxious about your return from a
| marten hunt."
Ruric smiled at his boy's peculiar
eagerness of expression, but he felt a
degree of pride in his words nevertheless.
It was towards the latter part of tho
afternoon that Ruric was somewhat
startled by seeing some of the Imperial
guard approaching his houso; and ere
long afterwards his mother came to him
pale and trembling, and informed him
that ho was wanted by the emperor's
officers.
"Oh!" she groaned, with clasped hands
and tearful eyes, "they will take you
from me now."
"Fear not, mv mother," tbe youth confidently replied. "The emperor will not
blame me when he knows all the particulars.   But come���let us go In."
Ruric found the officers���three of them
���in tbe kitchen, and he asked them if
they sought him.
"We seek RuricNevel, thegunmaker,"
returned the leader.
"I am the man, sir. May I know what
is wanted ?"
"Cannot you guess?"
"Why���yes, I suppose it must he on
account of the duel which was fought
this morning."
"Exactly."
"And who wants me?"
" Who   should   want  vou   but   the
emperor ?"
"Ohl thoy would not take my noble
boy from me !" cried Claudia, catching
the officer by the arm. "Tell our good
emperor that Russia has taken my husband from me���that lie fell in his country's cause. Tell him mv boy was not to
blame���"
"Hush,   mother,"   interposed  Ruric.
"Fear not yet."
"Come," said tlie leader, "it is growing
! late, and Peter will not brook delay."
"Hut they will net harm him!" the
: mother frantically cried, clinging now to
j her son.
"No, no, my mother.    Rest you easy
, here until 1 return."   And then turning
to the guard he added. "Lead on, and I
[will follow."
"Now rest you easy, my dear mother :"
and with these words Ruric gently set
her back into her chair, and then lias-
i tened out after the officers. In the entry
| lie put on his bonnet and pelisse, and
then followed his conductors out to tlie
street, where stood a double sledge, with
two horses attached.
"Yon seem to look upon the killing of
a  Russian nobleman   as   a  very small
affair." said one of the officers, after they
i had started on their wav.
"Is ho dead, thon?" Ruric quickly
!asked.
"The doctors think Ills case Is a critical
j one.   But that  is  not the thing: You
would have killed him If you could."
"No, no.    It Is not so.   All who were
present will swear that I tried to spare
,111m."
"Very well," rotumod tho officer, "we
shall see about that when  we  come to
tlie palace.    Perhaps you may go clear;
j but I would not willingly occupy  your
I place.
"Ruric cared not to argue the point
with those who knew nothing about the
| circumstances, so he remained silent dni-
! Ing the rest of the ride. It was near
: sundown when they reached the Imperial
1 palace, and Ruric was conducted atonco
I into the emperor's presence.
The Emperor Peter was in one of tho
smaller audience chambers, sitting at a
large table covered with purple velvet
heavily wrought with gold, and upon
either hand stood some of his private attendants. He was a young man, not yet
so old as Ruric by somo throw years, but
his face already wore a mature look.
His frame was solid, but not large���being rather slight than otherwise in
physical bulk. His dress botraynj negligence and carelessness, and was lu
marked contrast witl. the rich garbs of
his attendants. , Such was Peter of Russia���yet a youth���small. in frame, and
careless of those graces which go to
make up tho sum of court life; but still
able to bear the affairs of a great nation
upon his shoulders. Within that head
worked   a   mighty   brain, and   In   that
bosom bent a heart thirsting more for
the cood of Russia than for self or
kindred.
Ruric saw Stephen Urzen and the surgeon there; and he saw the Duke of Tula
there. Ho mot tho duke's eye, and a
peculiar sensation of fear ran through
his mind as lit saw tlie stem, threatening expression that rested upon Olga's
face.
"Sire," spoke the leader of those who
had conducted tho prisoner thither,
"Ruric Nevel stands before you."
"Ah," said Peter, casting his eagle eye
over the forms before bin. "Novel-
advance."
With a bold yet modest step, Ruric
advanced to the table, and with a low
bow he awaited tho emperor's pleasure.
There was a shudder percoptlble In tho
frames of thoso who wished the prisonor
well, fer well they knew their mighty
ruler's Iron will and sternness of legal
purpose.
CHAPTER VII.
A STABTLINQ TBIAI.
Iii order to understand the circumstances under which Ruric was brought
before tho emper r it will bo necessary
to go back a few hours. Tho autocrat
had occasion to sond for the surgeon,
Kopani, who attended at tho duel, and
as he was some time In answering the
summons, he was questioned, when ho
did come, concerning his tardiness. Ills
: answer was, that ho had beon attending
j tlie Count Damonoff.
"And what alls the count?" asked tho
emperor.    "Ho was well yesterday."
"Yes���but he has met with an accident to-day."
"Look yo'u. Kopani," tlie young ruler
cried, wlio saw in an Instant that   something unusual had happened* "think nut,
lo tonceal anything from  me.    What. Is
, it, now?"
"Sire, I meant not to hide   anything
from you.   Tlie count hath been engaged
i in a duel."
j     "Ha!���was he challenged?"
"No, sire���ho was the challenger."
"So,   so.   And   who   was   the   other
I party?"
"An humble gunmaker, sire, named
RuricNevel."
"Nevel���Nevel," soliloquized Peter.
"The name is familiar."
"His father was a captain in tho last
war with tho Turks. He rose from tlie
ranks under Fcodor, and was ono of tho
bravest of the bravo."
"Captain Novel. Ah, yes. I remember now. He and Valdai wero the first
two that mounted the ramparts at Izlum.
So the old despatches read."
"Yes, sire. Poor Novel was shot a
month afterwards while leading his
bravo company against a whole squadron
of Turkish infantry; whilo Valdai camo
home and got a colonel's commission."
"And afterwards received a title,"
added Peter.
"Yes, sire."
"And this gunmaker is that captain's
son?"
"Yes, sire."
"And methinks Valdai left a child."
"He did, sire���a daughter, who is now
with Olga���she is his ward."
"Yes, yes. And the count fought a
duel with young Nevel, and got beaten,
eh?"
Before the surgeon could answer, a
page entered the chamber and announced
that the Duke of Tula wished to see his
imperial master.
Tbe emperor directed that he should
be admitted; and ere long afterwards
the proud duke entered the apartment-
He was a tall, stout nan, with light hair
and blue eyes, and not far from five-and-
forty years of age. His bearing was
haughty, though ho was forced to a show
of respect now that he was before his
master.
"Sire," spoke the duke, after tho
usual salutations had passed, "I have
come to demand justice at thy hands.
My young friond, the Count Conrad
Damonoff, has been most brutally murdered."
"Ha!   Say you so, Olga?"
"Yes, sire."
"But how was It?"
"Thus it was, sire: On the day before
yesterday 1 sent tho count with a message to one Ruric Nevel, who is a gunmaker in the Sloboda. Ho went, as I
wished, and, while there, the gunmaker,
who is a huge fellow, provoked a quarrel, and knocked the nobleman down.
Of course the count was offended, and us
the ruffian threatened to repeat the offence, and as he furthermore grossly insulted a noble lady whom the count held
most dear, ho could hardly help challenging him. The fellow aeeopted tho
challenge, and has succeeded by the
most cowardly manoeuvring, in inflicting
upon him a mortal wound."
"This is a serious affair," said tho emperor, who had nut failed to notice the
astonished look of the surgeon while the
duke was telling his story.
"It Is most serious, sire; and surely
the ruffian should be at once executed."
"Rut did you not say that the count
challenged him?"
"I did, sire; but you must remember
that it was an instinct of self-preservation with the noble count. The fellow
would have undoubtedly murdered lilm
had he not taken this course."
"Wore you present at tho duel, my
lord?"
"No, sire; but 1 have a friend without
who was present."
"Then you may bring him In."
The duke departed, and when he returned Stephen Urzen bote him company.
"This Is the man, sire." Olga said, as
he led his companion forward.
The emperor gazed upon Urzon a few
moments In silence, and then he said:
"You were present at this duel, wore
you not, sir?"
"I was, sire," tho man answered, bowing low.
"And ho wus at their first meeting
also, sire," interposed the duke.
"Ah���yes. Then you know all about
tho affair?"
"Yes, slro," answered Urion.
"Then tell me about It."
"First, sire," commenced the man,
easting a sort of assuring glance at tho
duke, "the count went to tlie gun-
maker's shop to get him to���to���"
"Let me explain here, sire," Interrupted the duke, as bis puppet hesitated.
"This man may not know properly about
that mission. Living with me is a voung
girl���a ward of mine���a gentle, timid
being, who has been somewhat a comfort
to me In my loneliness, In childhood
she was acquainted with this- Ruric
Novel, and now the fellow bas presumed
thereupon several times to insult her of
late with his disgusting familiarity. Sho
dared not remonstrate with him for fear
of violence, so she referred tho moitter to
me. The count has been anxious to win
her for a wife, so I thought him not an
improper person to send him on the delicate mission. Accordingly I wrote a
sort of promise���in tho form of a voluntary assurance���pledging the signer not
to make himself familiar witli the lady
any more. And at the same time he received tlie assurance that his presence
was very disagreeable to the person
mentioned. This, I supposed, ho would
sign at once; and as tbe count aspired
to her hand 1 deemed It no morn than
right that he should renaer her this service. Now, slro, this gentleman may
continue."
Thus bidden, Urzen rosumed:
"Tho noble count was desirous, sire,
that I should accompany him, and I did
so. Upon reaching tho nan's shop we
found him at work upon a gun-lock, 1
think. He received tho note, but refused to sign it. The count urged him
to sign, in mild, persuasive language,
until the fellow became Insolent. Then
he used some stronger terms, and I think
ho mado somo threat of what he would
do If his Insults to tbe lady were repeated; and thereupon the gunmaker
struck him a furious blow in the faco
and knocked him down. I cannot remember all tho threatening language
which the fellow used, but It was
fearful."
"And how about the duel?" asked the
emporor
In answer to this Urzen related what
he had prepared on the subject; and It
need only be said that the report was
about on a par with what we havo already heard. He ovon went so far as to
swear that the count had tried repeatedly to compromise matters after the
conflict had begun���that lie begged of
Novel to give up the battle; but that the
latter, thirsting for tho young nobleman's blood, kept  hotly, madly at It!
It was at this juncture, and without
reference tu tlie surgeon, that tho emperor sent for Ruric; and having learned
that a lieutenant of the Khitagorod
guard was present at the duel, ho sent
for him also. Orsa arrived first, and
was present when Ruric came.
And now Ruric Nevel stood before liis
emperor. Peter gazed upo'i him for
some moments, and then he said:
"Sir, thy bearing is bold."
"Why should it not be, sire, when 1
stand before one whom I honor and respect and do not fear?" So spoko Ruric,
calmly, and with peculiar dignity.
"Not foar?" repcatcl the autocrat,
sternly.
"No, sire. Peter of Russia is not a
man to be feared by thoso who love and
honor him."
"Insolence!" uttered the duke.
The emperor looked up into his face,
and he added:
"Now, sire, you can see for yourself
some of his traits of character."
"Aye," returned Peter, "I see. They
are wonderful. 1 knew not that among
my artisans thero wore men of such
boldness."
The duke knew not how to Interpret
this, and ho moved back a pace.
"Now, sir," resumed Peter, turning to
tho gunmaker, "how dared you strike a
Russian nobleman?"
"1 did not, sire. Conrad Damonoff
came to my shop, and be brought me a
paper, in which I was required, or
ordered, to relinquish all claims to the
hand of���"
"Sire," Interposed the duke, "he misstates���"
"Never mind," broke in the emperor,
with an authoritative wave of the hand,
"we will hear nothing about tbe lady
here.   Why did you strike the count?'"
"Because, sire, he descendod from his
station and struck me. He threw itwav
that peculiar shield which should protect the nobleman, and struck me without provocation."
"And then   you knocked him down?"
"I did, sirn."
"And perhaps you wouid have done
the same to me?"
"Sire," answered the youth, quickly,
"when Damonoff tried by threats to'
malic me sign his paper, I told him that
there was but one man on earth at
whose order I would do that thing. The
man who has the right to command shall
never have occasion to striko me."
There was something in this reply,
and more in the tone and bearing of him
who spoke it, that made the duke tremble. He saw plainly that tho emperor's
eyes sparkled witli admiration as they
rested upon the gunmaker.
"But now about this duel," resumed
the emporor. "How dared you take advantage of tho count in the conflict?"
"Advantage,' sire?" repeated tho
youth, in surprise.
"Ave.    Did he not, Stephen Urzen?"
"Ho did, sire," roplled tho man thus
addressed.
"And wbicli of the two do you call
the beat swordsman?"-Peter asked.
"Why, sire, tho count Is, or was,
vastly his superior."
"And what say you, Sir Lloiitenant?"
Alarlc trembled, for this was addressed
to him. Ho know that the duke was
anxious to crush his friond. and he
feared to draw the wrath of that powerful nobleman down upon his head. But
a happy thought came to his aid.
"Sire," be said, "1 would rather you
would Judge of that for yourself."
"I judge?   And how am 1 todo that?"
"hot Ruric Novel's skill be tried here
before you. If I mistake not, you have
somo good swordsmen near your palace.
There is Demetrius, the Groek."
"What���my Master-at-Arms?"
"Yes, sire."
"Why���ho is the best swordsman In
my empire. I think our young adventurer would fare badly In bis hands."
"Sire," spoke Ruric, modestly, but
vet frankly, "It wero suro no digrace to
bo overcome by your tutor."
"Aud will you take a turn with him
at the swords?"
"Yes, sire���If so It please you."
"Then," cried the emperor, leaping
up, "we'il have some diversion out of
this trial. What ho, thore! Light up
thu chamber. Let overy lamp bo lighted,
for wo want sight now. Send Demetrius
here���and toll him to bring his round-
edged swords!"
Both the duko and Urzen stood aghast
at this new turn; but thoy had one hope:
Demetrius might overcome the gunmaker so easily that Poter should not
see his real power.
Demetrius soon came, and under his
arm he carried tbe swords. They were
of the common size, but with round
edges and poluts on purpose for play.
Tho master-at-arms was a powerfully
bul.t man, and possessed a splendid form.
He was a Greek by birth, and was now
retained by the emperor as a teacher of
tho sword exerclso.
"Demetrius," said Petor, "1 havo sent
for you  to entertain   us with a show of \5
NEW   WESTMINSTER,   BltlTISH   COLUMBIA,   SEPT.   23,   1893.
your skill. Hero is a man about whose
power there is some dispute. Mind you
���it Is all In kindness. Ruric Nevel,
take your weapon."
The youth stepped forward and extended bis left baud for tbe sword, and
the right hand he extended for the other
to grasp. It was taken warmly, for tho
Greek saw In an instant that he had a
noble man to deal with. And thoso two
men wero not much unlike In form.
Demetrius was an atom the taller, but
Ruric showed the most muscle.
The night had come on, but the great
lamps were all lighted, and the room
was as bright as day.
"Sir," said Ruric, addressing tbe
Greek, "this is none of my seeking,
though 1 confess that for a long wnile I
have longed to cross a playful sword
with you.   I play well."
"I like you," the Greek replied bluntly
and kindly; "and if you beat mo I will
not like you less. I can afford to be
beaten once, seeing that thus far I have
never been since first I offered to fence,"
"Come,   come," cried  Peter, who was
Impatient for the entertain ment, "let's
see tho opening,
tlemen."
Like two twins stood those swordsmen
as their weapons crossed with a clear,
sharp clang. The Greek led off carefully, and Ruric as carefully warded
every stroke. Then the former assumed
a guard, and Ruric led off in turn. Ere
long tho swords clashed with sharper
ring, and soon sparks of fire. Hew out
from the clanging steel. Louder and
louder grew the clang, and quicker and
quicker grew the strokes. The thrusts
were made with skill and force, but as
yet neither had been touched.
The emperor was in ecstasy. He
clapped his hands and shouted bravo with
all his might.
By and by Rurlc's eye grew more intense In its meaning fire. His opponent
saw it, but he could not toil what it
meant. The youth was about to risk
the most daring feat of all he know.
Steadily burned his eye, and his lips
were set like steel. At length he saw
that the Greek was playing for a trust,
"I told him you did love Ruric. I told ��� "As a little child," answered the maid-
hiin bow you bad been children together : en, trembling violently.
���and how you would now give your "No, no, my sweet one. I pondered
hand to him sooner than to the proudest '��� and I studied; and I examined myself
noble In tbe land. He asked me some . carefully; and I found that the memory
things about the duke, but I would not, of my departed wife was fast fading
toll him that. Whon I must tell of evil ! away before the rising of another one
if I tell the truth, I will not speak If I ! just as pure and just as holy, Now do
can properly  avoid It." , you understand ?"
"Y'ou were right, Zenoble.    You were !    "No, no���Oh, no !" the maiden uttered
very right���about this last part; but you  in a frightened whisper.
should not have told all you knew concerning mo and Ruric."
"1 hope I did nothing wrong. Oh ! I
should be proud to acknowldge my love
for such a man."
"Aye���and so am I, my little sprite.
I love Ruric with my whole soul, and I
would be proud to give him my hand
this day; but that Is no reason why you
should tell of it,"
"Surely, mv mistress, I meant no
harm," the young girl crlod, eagerly.
"Hush, Zenoble. I do not blame you.
Only I would havo you careful."
"And I would be careful. But Oh I
you could not have, resisted him. He
drew it from me almost ere I knew it.
Then listen further," continuod the
nobleman, in a low, earnest tone, and
with a strange tire In his deep blue eyes:
As you charms of both mind and "per-
' son were gradually developed I came to
look upon you with new feelings, or, I
should say, with the old feeling more
fully developed. I looked around me. I
saw my sumptuous palaco without a
legitimate female head. In my parties I
had no companion to assist and guide me,
and in my loneliness I had no mate to cheer
and enliven me. I wished not that such
should be the ease. At length my eyes
were opened, and I saw plainly the spirit
that was moving upon my soul. 1 looked
upon you, and 1 knew that 1 had found
Now, stand aside, gon-1 He put his questions in such a strange  the woman who was to give me joy once 1
manner that I could not speak without j more.    Rosalind, 1 love you truly, fond-1
telling him  what he waited to know. ! lv;   and I  would make you my  wife.
He did not say,   'Does she love Ruric  Now you cannot fall to understand me���
Nevel ?'   but he took it for granted that ', can y'ou ?"
such was the case,  aud then ere I was ,    Rosalind gazed up into the face of her i
aware ot it he had made me say so.   But '��� guardian, and she was pale as death,
he surely does not mean you  harm; nor i    "You do not mean���Ob I"
does he mean  harm to Ruric,    He. Is a      It was a deep, painful groan, and the
good man, 1 know.'' ; fair girl clasped her hands towards the
"I wish 1 could seo him," said Rosalind, half to herself.
"You cannot mistake him If you ever
do see him, my mistress. He is a strange-
looking man; and then he dresses differently from most of our church officers.
He dresses all in black���to-day it was in
man before her
"Hold," be said, almost sternly. "1 ;
am not trilling now. I am not only
serious, but firm in purpose. When you
were placed under my charge your father
bade me do as I would; and now 1 would
make you mv wife.    Tlie Count Damon-
black velvet. But his shape Is his most; off was the lirst who came for your hand,
striking characteristic, lie is the fat- ! aud had be been a proper man, and had
test man in Moscow, and his chin seems l you loved him, I should have Interposed
to sink clear out of sight. Ho would be ! no objections; but you did not lovo him,
a funny  man,  and he would make me | and that affair is passed.   Now 1 lay my
laugh, If he did not .puzzle me so.
"And did ho ask vou about anything
else ?"
"No���only he asked me if I knew how
and he lowered his point. Demetrius ! the duko stood with the emperor, and 1
saw the chance, and drawing his arm told him I thought he stood pretty well,
quickly back he made the thrust with Then he said he had heard tbat they had
all his power.    He was sure now he had ' had some dispute concerning the due
won. for there was no earthly way in between Count
which his point could be struck down or
up But see! With a gliding motion���
a motion almost imperceptible���Ruric
raises the sword and the other slides
upon its side, and the other point, instead of touching his breast, is caught
In the cross-guard ot his haft. Then,
quick as lightning, aud with all his
might, Ruric bends his elbow downward
with the whole weight of his massive
shoulder, and throws his wrist upward.
On that instant the Greek Sees and feels
what meant that strange lire, of the eye.
He feels bis point caught, but before be
can close his grasp more firmly the haft
is wrenched from liis baud���it strikes
the vaulted colllug with a dull clang.
and descending, is caught by Ruric
Nevel fairly by the hilt!
For a moment all is still as death In
that chamber. Ruric is tho lirst to
break the silence. He advances to the
Greek, und us ho hands back both
swords, he says;
"Demetrius, remember your promise.
I know you arc a bravo man, for I can
see it In your forgiving glance. You will
not like me letsjor this?"
"No!" the noble Greek cried, dropping
bntli t'.:e swords, and extending both
bauds, which the gunmaker grasped.
"I honor you!   1 love you!"
Peter Alexiowitz. tho impetuous emperor���then In the zeal and lire of youth
leaped from his standing-place and
caught Ruric by the hand.
"By St. Michael!" lie cried, earnestly
and loudly, ������yuu stand clear of all Illume,
for full well do 1 now know that had
Vou so desired you could have slain Conrad Damonoff at your lirst intent."
"Sire." answered the youth, new
speaking tremulously, "twice did I (Usui m tbe couni, and yet spare him. And
when in my rage 1 broke his weapon in
twain to bring him u his senses, lie
seized u second sword."
"Sir Duke." spoke the oinperlor, turning towards Olga. who stood trembling
with rage und mortification, "you see.
you must have labored under a mistake.
Y'ou can retire  now.    Not   n word, sir!"
With quivering lip and trembling step
the duke left the aparttuont, and after
him went Stephen I'rzen.
"Now, Ruric Nevel, If you leave Moscow without my consent, you do so at
your peril, i would not lose sight of
you.    Yuu arc at liberty."
In an hour moro Ruric was upon his
mother's bosom. Ho told her all that
had happened���all but tho last words of
the emperor. He did not toll her of
those, for he knew not whether they
bodied linn good or evil.
Damonoff   and    Ruric.
But 1 told  him  I guessed that bad resulted In no estrangement, for the duke
was as much at court as ever. And after |
that he told tne about the duel, as he was
| there and saw nearly the whole affair."
And Zenoble went on and told all that
the monk related about Rurlc's bravery,
and  Rosalind   listened  now  attentively
and   eagerly.      li,   was   a   theme   that j
; pleased  her.     The.  attendant saw how 1
gratefully   the  account  cainu upon the '
ears of hor mistress,  und she closed the
recital  witli some opinions of her own,
wherein  Ruric  Nevel   was  held up as a
claim  upon  you,  and my  fortune  and
title 1 lay at your feet."
"And what is to become of my estate?"
the maiden asked, quickly and meaningly, for the thought Hashed upon her.
"Why, we'll have the two united," returned tbe duke with some hesitation.
"No, no," Rosalind cried; "you will not
do this. Oh, SDitre me from such a
fate'."
"Spare thee, girl ? Spare thee from
becoming the wife of one of the most
powerful in the empire? Y'ou must be
crazy."
"My guardian," said Rosalind, now
looking her companion steadily in the
face, "you only do this to try me. When
you know that such a union would make
me miserable forever���when you know it
would cast out ail the joys of life, and
extinguish the last hope of peace from
my soul, yon surely will not press it."
"Rosalind Valdai. 1 have resolved that
pattern after which all men who wished ' you shall be my wife.    Mind you, this is
to win the love of women should be made.
But before any answer could bo made
by Rosalind the door of the apartment
was opened, and tbe d'like entered, lie
smiled very kindly us ho bowed to his;
wind, and then, with a wave of his hand ,
he motioned to Zeuobio to withdraw: and
utter the attendant was gone lie took a
seat close by bis fair charge. The maiden looked up Into his face, and thought
there was no very serious look there as
yot, still she could plainly see that he
hud something of more than unusual
importance on his mind. She shuddered
as she gazed upon him, for she could notj
help it. There was something in tlie
look of the man���a sort of bidden Intent
which came out In his tone and glance��� ���
a deep meaning���something which lie
had never spoken of, but which was yet
manifest���that moved her thus. What
it was she could not tell, it was the
prompting of that instinct of tlie human
soul which may repel un object while yet
the working mind detects nothing evil.
But she was not to remain in the dark
much longer.    The  evil  one  was loose,
and liis bonds of resistance were cast off. !
He had marked his prey, and the meshes
were gathering about it.
"Rosalind," said the duke, In a tune
whicli he meant should have been easy
and frank, but which, nevertheless, was
marked strongly with effort, "thero Is
sonic, talk iiiiinng thu surgeons now that
Count Dumuiioff' may recover."
"ii!;, 1 am glad of that," Rosalind
earnestly replied.
"Yes.   I  suppose, so,"  resumed Olga, I
eyeing her sharply.     "lint you have no
particular cure for him, I presume."
"For���for���the count ?!'
Aye���it wus him l wus speaking uf."
1   cure   only   for him   as i
who need to become better
"No,  sir.
! care for all
ere they die.
the one linn, fixed purpose uf my soul:
and those who know tho Duke of Tula
best, know that he never gives up a purpose once fixed In liis mind. You cannot mistake tne now."
Slowly the stern fact dawned upon
Rosalind's mind. Thore had been it
lingering hope that lie might be only
trying to see if she loved him, or if she
would willingly become bis wife. Awhile
siic. remained with her head bowed, and
her bosom heaving with the wild emotion
thus called up, but at length she looked
up and spoke:
"Sir." she said, faintly, but with
marked decision, "you cannot make me
your wife."
"All ! and why not ?"
"liccause I will never consent."
"Ah ! say you so'.'
"1 do; n i,ti mean it."
- -1 In. hu. ha ! You know little of mv
power if yuu think you can thwart niein
my purpose. 1 tell thee, us sure as the
(led of heaven lives, yuu shall be my wife!"
"Nu. no. Hefore heaven, 1 protest
against such an unholy union. You cannot have iny heart, and such a union.
You cannot have my heart, and such a
union would bo but foul mockery."
"Oho���now you come to tin: point. I
can't have your heart, oh? Perhaps
your heart is given to the gunmaker ?"
Rosalind's eyes Hashed in an iustuntr.
The words of the duko were spoken
suourtngly and contemptuously, and they
jarred upon tho fair girl's soul.
"Aye," sho quickly uttered, and boldly,
too, "1 do lovo Uurlc Novel; and be is
worthy of my love."
������Now. my pretty ward." resumed
Olga, in u loao uf peculiar irony, "yuu
have spoken as I hoped you woull speak
���plainly and to the point; so I can answer just as plainly. Know, then, that
iturie Nevel can never be your husband.
stands  charged with a horrid crime,
CHAPTER II.
THE    .MASK   FALLS    ANT)    BEVEAL8     THE
HE AM'.
It was early evening ere Zenobie entered the apartment of her young mistress. As she opened the door she found
dark within. She moved into the room,
and shadiiiB her candle with her hand,
she gazed about. The wind still howled
fearfully without, and the snow came
Driving about the windows. When the
girl had reached the extremity of the
place, she called her mistress's name,
and was answered by a low groan from
the couch in the comer. Thither she
hastened, and there she found her mistress,
"Rosalind! My mistress!" she cried,
kneeling down.
"Who is it?" the maiden asked, starting up, and gazing frantically around.
"It is I���Zenoble. Say, my dear good
mistress, what Is it? What is the matter?   What has happened?"
With a quick movement Rosalind put
hor attendant away, and sat up; and
having gazed about her for some moments, murmured:
"Where am 1?   Who is here?"
"It Is I.     You are in your own chamber.   Come, you are cold here."
Without resistance the maiden suffered herself to be led to the place where
the heated air came up from the furnace
below, and there she sat down.
"What is it?" again asked Zenoble,
eagerly.    "What has happened ?"
Rosalind bowed her head upon her
hands, and after some moments of
thought she looked up. She was very
pale and a fearful tromor shook her
frame.
"Zenoble," she uttered, In a low,
strange whisper, "ask me no more now.
1 am not well. Oh, ask me no moro
now."
"My mistress," returned the faithful
girl, placing one arm auout Rosalind's
neck, "you know what you may tell me,
and what you may not; but whom will
you trust If you trust not me? Oh, give
I me your love, and if I can serve you let
j me do so."
"I would trust you with life itself," the
j maiden  replied;   "and   some  time  you
| shall know  all  that has happened here;
1 but not  now���not now.     Oh, I cannot
speak it now."
i    "Say  no  more, my mistress; only let
I me serve you.     You will have some refreshment���something to eat?"
"You may bring me some wine, Zen-
! obie."
And thereupon the young girl hastened
; away.
In the meantime the duke was in his
private room below.     He was pacing to
and fro across the floor with bis hands
behind him, and bis brow was dark and
lowering.    Ever and anon he would stop
', near the door and  listen, and then pro-
: ceed.    At length there came a rap upon
j tlie  door,   and the duke said, "Enter."
I It was  a  priest  who entered the apartment���u small, deiormed man, somewhat
about fifty years of age.     His  face  was
very   dark;   his  features  sharp and angular; his eyes dark and sunk deep Into
I into his head, his brow heavy above the
; eyes, where the shaggy brow hung over,
'< but sloping  buck  from  thencr,   leaving
; tlie   points   where phrenologists locate
! Benevolence   and   Veneration   deficient
and flat.     Upon his shoulders hu wore a
huge, ungainly hump; and all In all, he
was just such  a  man   as a timid person
would shun.   His name  was Savotano.
ilheiduke had been the means of getting
him tutu the chflroh,  and  in consideration thereof he had bound himself to do
; the duke's evil work.     lint this was not
nil.
Some years before tber^ hud been a
murder in Moscow, and Savotano did tlie
bloody deed.   It was a work of pure vengeance.      Olga   had   him   apprehended;
but. he was not brought tu justice.    The
duke found him  to lie  a shrewd,   unscrupulous wretch, willing lu serve those
who would   pay   him  well, and ready to
I let himself thon  tu any  one  who could
i save  his  life.     Olga was a man of.plots
lima  schemes.     He  fancied Unit such a
man as Savotano might be of use to him;
��� so he proposed tu save, the wretch if lie
would  serve liiiu.     The vllliau wus glad
��� enough to accept the, proposition, and
the bargain was made. Could Savotano
outer tlie church, and assume the sacred
[garb, In! might in many cases work to
better advantage, The wretch readily
agreed lo this, too; und through Olga'l
power and Influence he gained a place in
! the church,
held   bis  very
The Very Latest in
ENGLISH,
AMERICAN
AND
CANADIAN
HARD AND SOFT FELT HATS,
Waterproof and  Mackintosh Coats.
American Blue Riveted Overalls, $1.00 Per Pair.
Mens' Wool Ms, Nine Pairs for $1.00.
J. E. PHILLIPS
Leading Clothier & Hatter,
709 to 711 Columbia St.,   -  New Westminster.
III!
lite
THE
HAl'TER VIII.
THE
Aha. yes," .-aid  the duke,   biting his II
lips, for in hi- own mind ho had the and tho emporor only waits to seo whoth-
fraukness tu acknowledge that bo was er the count recovers or not,  ere   he
about as  needy nf virtue  as  was  the awards tho punishment.  Tlie gunmaker
count.    "Kut," he resumed, with a faint
smile, "you never loved th
villain s
MASK   FALLS   FROM
FACE.
It   was  about  two  weeks after the
events recorded that Uosalind Valdai sat I Olga spoke thus,  be smiled  again,
in her own appartment, with Zenoble for! moved his chair nearer to Rosalind.
man .
"No, sir." the maiden answered, gazing up into her guardian's face with an
Inqusitlvo look.
So  1  thought���so I  thought."     As
nd
���*1
her companion,    it was In the afternoon  am well aware
and a severe storm was raging without,  affections hav
"Now.  Zenoble," spoke the beautiful j any one who
maiden,  "we have  a  moment alone���
the  lirst since morning,    'And now tell
me about the black monk'.    What did he
say liis name was?''
"Valdimir."
"Ah, yes, I have heard bis name, and.
If I mistake not. he Is it sort of mysterious being."
"lie Is, my mistress; and I am just as
confident  that I have seen him before us
I it ii ��� that 1 have seen vou before."
"HOW '.'    Seen   him   hefore ?"
"Yes."
"But where'.'"
"Ali," returned the young girl, with a
dubious shake of the head,   "there is tlie
mystery.   For the life uf me i cannol
tell, lie knew me���be knows everybody���and yet he has not been long in
the city, if one might Judge from his conversation."
"But what did be stop you for? Where  She lived witli me  four short
was it ?" asked Rosalind, eagerly, 'years.     In  that time  we were
" lie resumed, "that your
i not  yet been set upon
is capable of making a
proper companion  for you  through all
the ups and downs of coming life.''"
Rosalind's eyes dropped beneath the
steady gaze of tlie speaker, and her
frame trembled. Hut ere she could make
any reply the duke went on:
"My dear Rosalind, 1 have come now
upon a business which 1 may justly call
the most Important of my life. I have
not approached this subject lightly, nor
wllh over zeal; but I have comn tu it
through careful consideration and an\-
Inus study."
Here the llnlie Stopped Unci gazed into
Rosalind's f(tce. She met Ills gaze, and
her eyes dropped again. She trembled
more than beforo, and a dim. dreadful
fear worked u- way to hor mind,
"Rosalind," tho nobleman continued,
"when 1 was but nineteen years uf age |
wus married with n glr! whom l loved.
happy
blessed
is forbidden, on pa ill uf death, to leave
i tlie city. So you may cast him from
your thoughts as soon as possible."
"What crime is Ruric accused of?" tha
maiden asked.
"(if murder."
"In wounding the count ?"
"Yes."
"Ob, how can you bring your tongue
i to such speech V You know the noble
j youth was not to blame lu this allulr.
: lie was���"
"Hold. Rosalind. 1 want no argii-
1 ment on this question. You have heard
what 1 have said, and lie assured that 1
i mean It. 1 had hoped that you would
receive my proposition with mure favor;
hut 1 ilid not outer Into the plan until
my mind was all made up, and the tiling
all fixed. You will become my wife within a iiiontli |"
���i   will   lice to tl mperor," gasped
Rosalind.
"Yon will not leave this place again
until vou are tlie Duchess aj' Tula!"
������I will never -peak   tho word that Is
i ssary to mako me yourwlfo���never!
At the altar, if you be by my side, my
lips shall be sealed, und no power mi
earth shall loose them I"
"Do yuu  moan  this'.1" whispered thu
duke.
"As Qod lives.  I do."
Then   mark   me."   The  stout,  durl
knew  that the duki
and he failed not lo
I servo Lsiin-    His clerical robes shielded
him from suspicion: and. moreover,  the
place gave him additional advantages to
work at liis dlobollcal trade.    His saliirv
from government was sufficient for his
support   while  an  occasional sum from
liis master enabled him to enjoy many of
i those luxuries which wore denied to most
!of bis brethren,   (llga feared not to trust
this  man, for the fellow bad nothing to
gain by betrayal, but everything to lose.
And such  was the  man who now entered  the duke's private room,    lie en-
I tered with a bold air. for though he was
somewhat In the duke's power, yet there
i was a  peculiar satisfaction in knowing
that when  be fell  the noble lord must
fall with him, part way, at least,  lireth-
\ ren in crime cannot count ton much on
respect,
"I   have conic,  my  lord,"  the priest
said, as he shook the snow from his robe,
and  then  took  it seat by  tlie fiiriiacc-
1 pipe.
"And how is the count'.'" asked Olga.
"lie Is recovering, 1 urn sure."
"Does Kopani say so'.1"
"Yes.     He Bays ho will have him out
within a month."
"No, no I Savotano, this must not bo,"
"I'.ui  leii me, my lord,   what is tho
particular need pf  tho count's dupart-
] ing?"
The duke gazed
iiients In tho faco,
"Why, since  the
I'll tell vou.     Thus
JOB PRINTING.
Having placed in ;i complete new outfit  of Job   Type,   we
are prepared to do all kinds of
Municipal and Commercial
WORK AT PRICES THAT DEFY COMPETITION.
All Work Guaranteed.
CALL AT OUR OFFICE OR WRITE AND GET
PRICES.
promptly all your dm
so much longer iinlosi
of our points work,
the decrease fast.     I
lis   visitor a few luu-
iiml then said:
affair Interests you,
far 1 havo paid vou
-, but  I cannot do
wo can make some
My property is on I
havo  nut enough I
"It was in the church he stopped me��� with two children,  but thoy lived nut nobleman gaxod fixedly. Into themalden's
in our Church of St. Stephen. He was long to cheer us. And then my bcautl-
at the altar, and he beckoned to me us I j ful wife died, and the world wus all dark
arose to come out,     I  went to him and j and drear to me.     1  thought. 1 should
he asked me about you.
"About mo?"
"Yes���and about Ruric Novel "
"And what about us?" the maiden
asked, blushing.
"He asked me If I thought you loved
the young gunmaker. Ho was so kind���
and ho seemed so anxious to know���and
then be seemed to tako such an Interest
in Ruric, that I could not refuse to answer him."
"But what did vou toll him ?"
never love again. Time passed on, and
you wore placed in my charge. When
you first came I  loved you; and I won-
face as be spoke, and in liis look and
tone there, was a fiendish expression
whicli could not be mistaken. "Rosalind Valdai," be hissed, "you shall be my
wife. My will shall bo your muster.
And if you attempt to set me at defiance,
dered If you  were to take the place of i I will  find  means to make you repent
the children I had lost.     But you grew | your  audacity,   with  tears of anguish
quickly. Your mind was expanded, and
your heart was largo. 1 found that 1
could not make a child of you; and then
I sat down all alone and asked myself
what place It was you had assumed In
my heart. Can you guess the answer,
Rosalind."
every hour of your life."
With one deep, soul-dying moan, the
poor girl sank Jown shivering and pale.
The duke caught her as she fell, and
having laid her senseless form back upon
the couch, he strode from the appartment. i
left to live on. Within the past three
years I have made so.nu bad ventures.
1 put into��� But never mind���suffice it
for me to say that I am at the end of my
fortune." \
The duke was about to say that he had
placed large sums In the bands of the
Minister (lalitzin for tlie purpose of carrying out tho conspiracy by which the
Princess Sophia was to have been placed
upon the throne, with Galltzln for her
prime minister, and himself also high in
power. He chose not to tell this���and
no wonder, for heads had ere then been
taken to pay for such indiscretion.
C To be continued,)
ROBINSON & MOORE
JOB  PRINTERS
PACIFIC CANADIAN OFFICE. 8
NEW  WESTMINSTER.   BRITISH  COLUMBIA,   SEPT.,   93,   1893.
VANCOUVER.
PROVINCIAL.
The Hudson's Hay Company opened
the grocery department of their new
premises for business yesterday. The
stock of dry goods is now being removed,
but the liquor business is still carried on
in the old store.
On Saturday, Chief George, of the Cap-
ilano tribe, bis klootch and another Indian, was run into by a steamer while in
a conoe. Chief George hud in his canoe
his strong box containing $900, and liis
fishing outfit. Tho cargo was all lost,
and the Indians barely escaped with
their lives.
A   break in the  water  works   main
across the  Narrows   occurred   about 3
o'clock on Sunday afternoon, leaving the
city without its usual   supply of water
and the normal condition will not be restored till Wednesday at  the   earliest.
The new main was got   in   readiness on
Friday when tbe hauling   began.   Tho j
pipes were put together  on   the   north !
side of the Inlet and placed In a shute or \
runway that thev might be hauled across
with   greater  case.   Clamps were   put
around the piper at various  places, and
from   these  three   steel wire   hawsers
stretched across to capstans placed on
the   southern   bank.   On   Friday afternoon, Saturday and Sunday good
gress was made.
Mrs: Cooke, widow of the late Mr. ft,
P. Cooke, passed away on Sunday night
at 10 o'clock at her residence on Oppou-
lieiiner Si reel. Tho deceased lady was a
native of Mullen, Roscommon County,.
Ireland, and at the timo of her death,
which was caused by anaemia, was (16
years and 0 months old. She was married to Mr. Cooke in St. Patrick's
Church, New York, on May nth. 18S3.
Three daughters survive the deceased,
Mrs. Lofovro and Mrs, Fred Gibson of
this city, and .Mrs. Fred linker, of
Donald. The funeral will be from Dr.
Lefevre's residence this morning at 10
o'clock to the C. P. R. station, as the remains will be taken to Hroekville for interment, beside those of her husband.
Hy the Empress  of
Consul Kito left for his native land.    In
Tom Lehman caught twelve hundred
pounds of sturgeon in one night last
week.
Port Hammond farmers are through
harvesting and report tbe yield to be of
an excellent quality.
Tho harvest thanksgiving services of
Port Hammond English Church are to be
held on the 24th of this month.
Mr. II. Judd, of Mission City, is
anxious to find some remedy to keep
bears from destroying his garden.
Mr. P. Berkeley, of Maple Ridge, it is
said, intends forming a Negro Minstrel
Club and do the cities this coming
winter.
McLean Bros, arc about starting to
dyke Pitt Meadows. When this work is
finished it will leave a fine tract of laud
ready for the plow.
The Messrs. Cyr and Cossit, of Ifatzic,
will soon have it million feet of logs in
their drive. These gentlemen will increase their plant, and thus have a
greater output next season.
Joban Wullfsohn, of Vancouver, left
Vernoh for homo on Tuesday iiigh's
train after spending several days hunting and fishing. While in Vernon, Mr.
pro-1 WulfTsohn was the g^tost of V. S. and
Mrs. Barnard at their summer cottage
on tho B. X. ranch.
Wheat is selling at S17 a ton, at Vernon, fresh eggs at 40 cents n dozen, and
scarce at that. Okanagan possesses
every natural advantage possible for
I ml try raising. Vet with these con-
ulilons in their favor few ranchers seem
: two-bunded enough to make poultry-
raising one of the paying adjuncts of
roncblng.
It. is rumored that the Or an go  fraternity of this city will hold   an   entertainment   on  u  rather   extensive   scale
about the .trd   day of   November   next.
Speakers from abroad arc expected to be
'present,    It will be a magnificent affair,
1 and tlie most brilliant undertaking  that
j has ever been witnessed in this  city.    A
Japan, Japanese j i10|,. we understand, will be indulged in
"   tt the close.���Mission Citu News.
Thomas hirst, a wealthy property I their productive capacity. The like was
owner, fell from the Esplanade wharf at never known before. Yet with all this
Nanaimo on Sunday night, and had a ; tremendous expenditure of energy, the
narrow escape frcm drowning. After j supply is inadequate to the demand. For
going under twice, he was rescued by | three weeks the refiners have been cam-
two sailors from the steamer Grandbolm, pletoly snowed up with orders.
who jumped  overboard when   they saw 	
him Struggling In the water. Persistency.
E. Hutcherson, fruit pest inspector,! Money and brains, a rair combination,
confiscated a number of California pears : oftmi fails t0 unlock the door of success,
in the city yesterday because of their j Money can buy tlie goods whicli the
being affected with  the red  scale.   Mr. | brain selected,  but it takes something
Hutcherson noticed the pest first in New
Westminster, and as the source of supply was the same he thought likely that
thero would be some in Vancouver also.
He found ono box, the entire contents of
which wore affected, in the store of Mr.
Silverman, who at once withdrew the
condemned fruit from salo. The red
scale is tho result of the sting of an interesting insect which will be found in
the centre of the blemish he has
on the cheek of the fruit.
more than either to build up a business
and gain a reliable foothold in the world.
Often the most brilliant minds are anchored to an impatient disposition which
cannot brook delay or await development.
The bright intellect may evolve a good
scheme to increase trade, but if the body
is unwilling to bestow the tedious labor
necessary to carry out tbe project nothing is accomplished. Ten men out of a
mado | dozen can readily and clearly define what
Furniture: and : Mertaii
'. E. FALES
Wishes to call the attention of all who
are in need of his good oi services, they
will do well to inspect his goods, etc.,
before buying elsewhere.
BUSINESS   QARD.S.
f  HOTELS.
rnHE TELEGRAPH HOTEL. Front .street./
1    opposiie to the Ferry Landing.   Nothing tun oholcest of liquors und cigars.   Telephone MB., P. O. Box 80.   1IOGAN BEOS., I
Proprietors.
I ���	
\ I EKOflANT'S HOTEL, corner of McNeelyl
i ill    and Columbia Streets.    Best  wines!
und Cigars kept constantly on liund.   J AS. I
CASH. Proprietor. '
A lirst-Class Assortment of Furniture
always kept in Stock, Carpets and all
kinds of House FurLishings-
course to pursue to achieve success, but
! hardly one, will  have  the  persistence to
A story comes from Wellington of the, ' faithfully take up In turns the various
attempt of a girl, aged 15, to murder her aetaii wWoh are e8sent|al to the result.
father by poisoning. A week ago tic
father went to work in the mines, and
after taking it drink from his pii.il he
wus Seized witli severe pains, followed
by vomiting. He became so ill that lie
had to quit work and go home. Ho remained ill all day without finding out
tlie   cause.    A   day   or   two   after   his
Tlie streets of every largo city are
lined with smart men who arc going
down hill. They are men who have intellects above the average, and are well
posted in matters of general interest. .
Many of them at some timo handled
round .sums of money, and been In liusi-,
ness with Haltering prospects. They
daughter  confessed to   putting ������rough  |Ivea ,��� 3e0 whill tnoy Mvl(, ���s|ow men���
THE LEADING UNDERTAKER !
OPEN   DAY   AJTD   liZGKT.
Tki.kciionk 176. Corner of
P.O. box 58. Agnes ,? MeKenzie du,
OCCIDENTAL HOTEL, corner Columbia
und Begble Si reels. New Westminster.
B.C. Bates for Hoard and Lodinni.': Per
day. $1.1)0; per week, J5.B0. The best of Wines,
Liquors and Cigars dispensed at, the bar.
J. C. GKAY. Proprietor.
CENTRAL HOTEL. Columbia Street. New
Westminster. The leading Hotel. White
cook, clean beds und moderate charges. The
best of Wines. Liquors and Cigars. Trv us
and you will always come again. C'OLLfEH,
Proprietor.
WHAT THE PEOPLE SAY !
on ruts" in liis pall, aud when asked why
she did it. replied thai, a young man told
her to do it. Her friends claim she is
demented and are keeping a close watch
on her actions.
Japan it is customary to hold a family '
reunion when the father reaches the age ; A glimpse at the Coldstream hop yards
of three score years and ten, and as Mr. at Vernon would almost lead a visitor to
Kito's father will see his 70th birthday ' believe that a congress of nations was in
In a few weeks, ho applied for six ! session. In one corner of the garden is
months'leave of absence to be present I a camp of Chinese; just across a little
at the celebration, his request being creek, which flows through the field, the
promptly responded to. Mr. Kito will, j Siwashes have pitched their tents;
however, combine business with pleasure j further up the stream arc a number of
on his trip, and will bring several mat-! white men. All of these members of the
ters to the attention of his government, i various races are not hiiluing a congress,
He will urge upon them tlie need of the | but arc engaged in the more humble oc-
appointment of a vice-consul atPortland pupation of harvesting the bountiful
under his jurisdiction, as   the  principal  c|,op of hops.
business between Portland and Japan is Mr. K C. Wathcrlcy, aged 24, died at
via Vancouver. He will also call the' Kaslo tho other day. Deceased was
government's attention to tlie mutual j taken ill of malarial typhoid���a disease
advantages that would accrue to both | that is prevalent here now���while in tlie
Japan and Canada if the tariff on certain i hills, and a few days beforo his death at
articles was changed.    During   his   ab-1 the liuuna Vista restaurant, was brought
THE  DOMINION.
The receipts of the Toronto Industrial
Exhibition amounted to 873,681.
Montreal, Sept, 10.���Some unknown
person fired a shot through a window In
the residence of Mr. Filiafraiill, editor of
Li Candida Rente. The bullet passed close
to the head of Mrs. Filiatrault, but as
her husband has of late received threatening letters, it is supposed that the intention was to kill him.
Hamilton, Sept. 19.���Tho Spectator says
prominent Liberal workers have been
notified to prepare for the local elections
puss them on the road to wealth, and
this, In spite of their bright ideas and
once ready cash. Tho simple roason
why so few men succeed in business Is
not because they arc not brilliant, but
I ause they are not patient for results.
Building up a business may be likened
to making a brick wall. Each individual brick must be carefully and faithfully
placed, and not until this simple operation lias been repeated thousands of
times will the wall commence to assume
Importance. It does not take any extraordinary amount to brains of map out
in a single hour sufficient business plans
to consume a year's exertion, but it requires a high degree of persistence to
follow out the details six days in the
week, and fifty-two weeks In the year.
Tlie opportunities which we often hear
about, are at our feet, and  not over our
Thai the only Insurance and Rool Estate
Firm in tho Province tbat can provide
you with :
BURGLARY, TIES, ACCIDENT. LIFE,
MARINE AND PLATE GLASS
INSURANCE.
LIKEWISE
next month. Tlie Legislature Is to meet I neighbor's fence, as too many imagine,
in February. Hamilton and Toronto \Ve know a successful businessman, past
will bo granted additional members. | middle age, who has worked his way up
John Leys, Q. C, an ox-member of the from a small beginning. Speaking of
Ontario Legislature, left Toronto rather J liis life, he remarked that the greatest
suddenly and is not expected to return. I enemy he had to conquer was a natural
He handled a large amount of trusts and j disposition to try a new field of labor,
other moneys. There had not been a year since lie start-
Distowell, Sept. IS).���At Gowanstown, j c(1 in business but, be had been tempted
about four miles from here, early yoster-1t0 experiment in some other line of trade
A    HOME   on    Monthly    Instalments
WITHOUT INTEREST Is to bo found
724 Columbia St,, New Westminster.
!. O. ROSS & Co.
sence Mr. S. Shimezu will act as consul.
About 11 o'clock yesterday morning
some Indians coming in at the Narrows
found the body of an Indian on the
beach near the Brockton Point lighthouse. They picked it up and took it
to the Hastings saw mill wharf from
where the police were notiliod. The
corpse was taken to the morgue. Sergeant Haywood remembered thaton Sunday night at a late hour he had seen a
Slwasb with torn and very wet clothing
and at once went down to the ranchcrie
where the man was found and arrested.
He gave the name of Johnson, and said
he belonged to the Fort Rupert tribe.
The story he tells is that he and Charlie,
a Capiluno Siwash, and the deceased,
who is Billy, a Cape Mudge Indian, were
in a canoe at the Narrows. They landed
at the point and be was talking to the
lighthouse man for a long time during
which Charley and Hilly got into a row,
and the former threw Billy out. Charlie
bad been found lying dead drunk on tlie
sidewalk on Sunday night and taken to
the police station. At the court In the
morning lie was lined $5, hut had not
been  released  when word   came of   the
into town for treatment. Dr. Bruner,
medical attendant, embalmed the body,
and cabled to the relatives of the deceased In London, Eug., as to the disposition of tlie remains. No answer
having been received, the funeral took
place yesterday to the cemetery, a large
following of friends being present at the
interment.
Business men will do well to remember
what The Sunbeam says for their instruc-
j tion and encouragement: "What a man
j needs more than anything else to achieve
success is confidence and determination.
] Let him decide what he is going to do,
; and then have confidence in his decision
and determine to carry it out with all
the force of his will.    If he loses conli-
[ deuce he loses determination, and then
' everything else he  has   is threatened.
Confidence begets confidence, and determination almost always wins."    We do
well not only to have confidence in ourselves, but to have every legitimate con-
lidence in our conditions and surround-
: ings���not to be forever talking of and
looking forward to bad times, for the
, times to no small extent are materially
: influenced by ourselves, but if we have
drowning.   The two were then   held on I "ot confidence In them we cannot hope
suspicion.   There are only a few slight! for much.
day morning, a dwelling on tho old Mar
tin homestead was destroyed bv lire
Mrs. Martin being burned to death
Albert Thomas, an English youth em
ployed on the farm, Is missing
play is suspected.
Ottawa, Sept. ID.���It is reported in
official circles that the constitutionality
of the law imposing a head tax of $~>t) on
Chinese will be tested before the Supremo
Court. It is contended that the law is
in violation of the treaty between Great
Britain and China.
which promised more profit. To tin
fact that lie had not yielded to this feeling he attributed liis success. For, as he
stated, only two of tho young men who
and foul' were his competitors at the start were
now Independent, although they had in
the meantime tried a dozen other occupations.
Thero Is only one road to success, and
that is a bee line from where you stand.
Steer straight and you will reach tlie
goyl. It takes more persistence to-day
than it did twenty years ago, for the avenues of trade arc more closely populated.    It was possible once for iy bus!
Quebec, Sept. is.���In the presence of
Sir John Thompson, the premier, and j nesVman to mako'a fortune ouTofVsln-
nearly all the members of the cabinet. gia idea with comparatively little per-
and a large and brilliant assemblage, i sonft] effort, but there Is to-day a surplus
the Larl of Aberdeen was to-day sworn j 0f schemes, and too few persitent work-
in here as Governor-General of Canada.
The ceremony took place In the Legislative Council Chamber In the Provincial
Parliament building. The oath was administered bv the Chief .lustfee, Sir
Henry Strong, of tbe Supreme Court.
Tbe New York World prints interviews \ajth leading men in all branches
of commerce, and   the   result   indicates
ers. Every merchant knows a scoro of
"short cuts" in trade, but it is only occasionally that we find one who has the
patience to faithfully work out his ideas.
For Sale.
.    For Sale, u Thoroughbred tto"kslilre Hour.
~* years oltl.   'xbo animal may bo inspected in
1 the Agricultural grounds, Westminster, dur-
the coming of good times in  tlie  United  lug tho Exhibition.
! States.   Certainly   the   depression   has
passed.    Foreign capital has returned to |
the  extent of   more   than   545,000,000,
! Tlie banks of New York hold  a  surplus
j reserve of several millions where  there '
was a month ago a deficit of more thon
| S16,000,000, and   the extraordinary condition   of  domestic   exchange, which 0
I month ago paralyzed all business opera-
| tions, has righted itself again.
marks to be seen on the corpse, none of
whicli look lo be deep and may easily
have been caused by the body having
grazed tlie rocks. Capt. l'ittendrigh has
been notified and will hold an Inquest
this afternoon. This is the third Indian
to meet his deatli by violence in tlie city
within a week.
Roy Killenna, who was released from
New Westminster gaol last week on
promising to leave the country for Honolulu, is now in the hands of tho Vancouver police.    He came  in  on   Friday.
The sampling work's at Kaslo has been
running steadily during the past week,
a force of fourteen men being employed.
The ore crushed came from the Mountain Chief and Idaho mines. Monday
night the Nelson took out 40 tons from
the sampler for shipment to San Francisco via Vancouver, while the Idaho
took out another large consignment
from Hughes' Wharf, for Spokane.    It is
j estimated at a very low average, that
Si',OOP worth of ore per day is coining in
; over the wagon  road.   Every available
UNITED  STiTES.
ALEX. ANDERSON,
Brownsville or clover Valley.
A Country Home.
For Sale, u house ami Two Choice Lots in
a progressive town in the country, convenient to New Westminster. Within stone's
throw of railway depot, Suitable lorn joining carpenter. Price JSUU, on easy terms.
Tlie material of tho building cost $300. For
particulars apply at olliee of the PACIFIC
Canadian, New Westiiiinsier. or to the
owner. JOSEPH SHANNON. Cloverdale.
and, took a room at the Cosmopolitan wagon is being pressed Into service lor
Hotel. By Saturday noon a valuable ] the hauling of ore. Last night four
pair of opera glasses and a pocket book ! four-horse teams were brought in on the
containing valuable papers were missing ! Idaho, and tills morning departed for the
from the room of Mr. Harry Graves, who I hills, in charge of A. L. Mitchell. Ar-
llves in tlie same building. About one rangemeiits are being made by the
o'clock on Sunday morning he was arrested for the larceny. He must have
only a few minutes previous to arrest
taken an injection of morphine, a practice to which he is addicted, for shortly
after being taken to the station convill-1
slons began and the whole jail stair with
owners of the Lucky Boy, in the Jackson
Basin, to begin shipping ore at once, the
first consignment being 50 tons.
VICTORIA.
New York. Sept. Is. Five new cases
of small-pox and seven suspected cases
were reported to the police authorities of
Brooklyn this morning. They were removed Immediately to the pest house.
The cases are declared to be of the most
malignant type. The house in whicli
tlie cases were found i< 11 tenement, 00-
I cupfed by about eight families, or about
40 people.
Chicago, Sept. IP.���Nine persons were
j killed, and twenty injured, last night! In
[ the fearful rear end collision between
two sections of the Big Four, near Miui-
teno, Illinois Central Railway. The
wreck was the worst that hits occurred
on the Illinois Central system in two
years. Several of the injured are boil Is probable that
will   be  swelled to
R. 6. MAGPHERSON
two physicians labored almost till daybreak with him. The convulsions were
the most severe anyone there had seen,
and for half an hour his jaws were
locked and his limbs distorted into the
most unnatural positions. He recovered
somewhat, however, but on Sunday
night the same trouble returned, but In
that  instance  the  malady wns not  so
severe. Yesterday he was considered too
unwell to be brought up lu court. The
young mail Is said to be a good musician,
but usually exercised his talent fortune
III the worst resorts.
Kansas City, Sept. 19.���Fifty butchers
at Armour's  packing  house  struck this
afternoon, bocauso several non-union
men from Chicago were omployod, The
remaining twent-flvo butchers will continue work until tin' present stock of
beeves is exhausted, when it is probable
they will ai'si, strike.     If they do so they
will throw nearly 2,000 persons out or
employment, The strlko may extend to
other packing houses,
Word bus beon received of tlie failure
of Moore it Smith, a heavy [timber linn
of San Francisco. Tho liabilities are
given by Dun's .Mercantile Agency as
8675,000, including both those of the linn
and lumber companies. The assets are
$2,(111(1.(1011. A meeting of creditors has
beon held at which Mr. Moore stated
that the principal and interest would be
paid. The tight money market Is tbe
cause of the suspension. The companies
involved are the Moore ,fc Smith Lumber
Company, the Port Discovery Lumber
Company and tlie Kings River Lumber
Company.
American bark Hesper, 004 tons,
Capt. Sodergren, has been chartered to
load lumber at Hastings sawmill for Australia.
Andrew Bozzle, for stabbing Frederick
Bltce at Wellington on the loth Inst.,
was sentenced yesterday to four months'
imprisonment with a line of 850 In addition.
Among the sealers reported by the
schooner Marvin, just arrived, were   the
Volunteer of Seattle, on the 4th Instant,
witli   V,   skins, the  Arletis. on   August
29th, with 1,000 odd, and the Umbrlna,
a few days before, with 3,500,
Edward Holmes, the pedestrian, who
undertook   to walk   from   Montreal   lo
Vancouver along tlie track of thoCP.R.,
bus admitted over   his   own   signature,
that through tho mountains he had rides
on hand curs und freight trains,
Michael Maxim, who still keeps dear
of the police, was seen on Saturday
morning,   armed    with     u     loiut-hladod
knife, lio chased a young girl through
tho bush ut tlie buck of the Half-Way
House. East Wellington. Tbe opinion
prevails that lie Is out of his mind.
Chin Sing, a Nanainio Chinaman,
through Kev. Mr. Gardner, tlie Methodist missionary, bus made an offer in
raise the San Pedro, lie explains that
lie is not a novice at the work, a number
of vessels wrecked on'the const of China
having been raised by the linn of which
he Is a member, after having been abandoned hy Americans and Europeans.
lie has asked Capt. Lacliliiu for the loan
of his machinery, In return for which he
offers to share the profit should he be
successful.
BURNS BLOCK
yond recovery, and
the list of futalitie
14.
Washington,  Sept.   Hi.���Yellow fever
continues on the increase at Brunswick,
Ga.   Surgeon General  Wymau to-night
received a telegram from Dr. Gultoras at
j tbat place, stating  that  there were two
new   cases,   but   not In the same   part
of   the   city.     The detention camp at]
I Wnynesvllle,  25  miles from the affected
city, will be opened at once,  where all
persons  leaving   Brunswick  will   he de- i
tallied for a sufficient length of time to
demonstrate that they are free from the J
disease.
Nashville, Tonn., Sept. in.���With simple but solemn, ceremonies, the remains
of .1. Klin* Poll;, the tenth president of
llm United Suites, and those of his wife.
Mrs. Sarah ( blldcrs Polk, were to-day
removed Iroin tlie tomb at Polk place,
tin'old family resting place III this city,
in a picturesque spot on the State Capital grounds, and there ra-tntorred.   At
Polk place und Capital Hill ll erliuoii-
ies wore very Impressive, and the occasion was observed with due honor und
respect by tie' suite, tlie city, the church
and the public.
Now Voric. Sepi. 10.���Tho WorU tomorrow will say: "Nover before in the
history of sugar refilling In this country
hu�� there been so great a product from
the various refineries as is being turned
out ut the present time. All the works I
under the control of the Sugnr Trust. '
which is another way of saying that all i
��� the works lu  the country lire working
full time and overtime, by night us well ���
. as by day.   In Boston, Baltimore, Phlla- I
dclphln,   Jersey   City, New   York   and   llr���,   mrnrniuflrrn
Williamsburg  the enormous concerns   NFU/   WESTMINSTER
whose machinery, a few weeks ago, was [ "u"    wmhiiiiiiuiuii
either stopped altogether or running sol      """"������"���"mm^m'
languidly as barely to be In motion, are |
! now humming with the full force of all I ,
THE DRUGGIST
COLUMBIA STREET
IALE OF GOVERNMENT LANDS HY
PUBLIC AUCTION.
\ TTIIE COURT HOUSE, VERNON.
j, X commencing at hi a.m., on the
l-J111 day of October, 1893, I will offer for
suli! a great portion of the land known as
"The Commonage," between Okanagan
and Long Lakes, and mostly situated on
the shores of thoso lakes, There are
259 lots, varying from one acre to forty
acres in extent.
Terms ot- balk,���The parcels of land
whicli front on the lake will be offered at
an upset price of $10 per acre, and the
remaining parcels at 83.50 per acre.
Payments.��� One-third cash and  the
remainder In six and twelve months, witli
interest at six per cent.
Maps and catalogues may be obtained
from Government Land Office, Victoria
and Vernon.
M. LIIMIIY,
Assistant Commissioner of Lands
and Works.
Vernon, August 30th, 1893.
Visitors and citizens to the Exhibition will
see the greatest attractions in the
BOOT AND SHOE LINE
Ever shown in WESTMINSTER at the
Toronto Shoe Stor
We have studied the wants of Unpeople for a year, and we beliove we
know what thoy want, and have the
goods Solid, substantial lines from tlie
best manufacturers in tlie business.
Prices to suit the times, and that means
at figures unknown in British Columbia
before our advent. We have taken tho
lead in that respect, and we are going to
keep it.
M. W. MINTHORNE,
DUPONT BLOCK.     -     -     SION OF THE BIO BOOT.
MEDICAL HALL.
THE  LARGEST  and
THE BEST  STOCK  OF
DRUGS and
SPECTACLES
IX BRITISH COLUMBIA.
D. S. CURTIS & Co., New Westminster,

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