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The Pacific Canadian Jan 12, 1917

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THE   PACIFIC   CANADIAN
Weekly News Digest and Journal of   Observation and Comment.
Vol. I.
NEW WESTMINSTER, B. t, FRIDAY, Jan. 12,  1917.
Numher 45
TWO   ELECTIONS   PREDICTED.
Mr. H. S. Clements, M. P., member for Comox-
Atlin, at a meeting held in this city, under the auspices of the local Conservative Association, last week,
suggested that there might be a Dominion general
election within three months, and another Provincial
general election next summer. As to whether there
would be a Dominion general election, he said, depended altogether on the Federal Opposition or Liberal
party. As to the Provincial situation. Mr. Clements
maintained that the. Government certainly ought to
bring on a general election, if true to constitutional
practise, on account of the coming into force of woman
suffrage on March 1st, and the consequent addition of
a large body of new voters to the electorate.
Premier Borden and his colleagues, Mr. Clements
had no hesitation in saying, thought there should be
no election until after the war, and in this they were
supported by the rank and file of the Conservative
party. If there was any necessity for an election now,
Mr. Clements is reported to have said, "the same
necessity existed a year ago, when the Liberals were
so anxious not to have one." Mr. Clements must
surely have been misreported; for he knows, of course,
that the Liberals consented lo join the Conservative
party in asking the Imperial Parliament to enact legislation extending the life of the Dominion Parliament
for a year, which was done, the extended time expiring
on October 7 next. If the Borden Government had
wished to disappoint the allegedly "anxious" Liberals.
all the Government had to do was to have refrained
from asking for an extension and brought on the election.
If another extension is now refused by the Liberals
and an election made necessary during the present
year, the onus, we are told, will rest with the Liberals.
All the way through, not only in the remarks of Mr.
Clements, but in the comments of Conservative speakers and press generally on the subject, the impression
is sought to be conveyed that the Conservative Government at Ottawa has been uniformly opposed to an
election during the war, and that the Liberals have
shaped their course on the question from political considerations. The fact may thus be obscured, but it
will not be forgotten, that the Borden-Rogers Government deliberately determined to bring on the election
before the war was a year and a half old, and to that
end shipped tons of literature and ballot papers to
England. If they called off that election and have
not wanted one since, and more than ever shrink from
one now, it is, evidently, from their very record in the
matter, purely a question of apprehended political exigency, and not of patriotism at all.
When we have seen such a free criticism and overturning and turning inside out of governments in the
Old Country since the war, and in the other great Allied capitals besides our own Empire centre���governments charged at first hand with the supreme issues
of the war���one is led to wonder what peculiar delicacy, sacredness, or divinity doth hedge about the secondary politico-military plexus at Ottawa, that we
should not dare disturb its repose or secret workings
until after the war. In the interest of the war, the
major war governments of the world have had,
through the force of public opinion, to be reconstructed
during the war. If our democratic institutions in this
country are so immobile to public opinion that that can
only be made effective through the periodical upheaval
of a general election, there might be worse things for
the country, even with a sole view to the war and the
problems that must immediately follow, than to inject
into the situation the healthy stimulus and thorough
ventilation and stirring up of a general election -more
especially as Canada's participation in the great struggle has admittedly not been satisfactorily maintained
for some time.
While Mr. Clements, as representing the present
Conservative attitude, would like to put the snuffers
on any suggestion of a general election (though the
last was in 1911) at Ottawa for the period of the war
presumablv if the war should continue for years yet
he would, with a delightful inconsistency, like to see a
fantastic interpretation of the constitution so as to
plunge British Columbia into another expensive general election, a few months after emerging from one
and a long and exhausting course of Bowserism, and
when the Province more than anything else l__3
much need to get down to reconstructive and recuperative work. The fact, that there is a Conservative Government at Ottawa, that almost certainly
would be dismissed from office as the result of a general election, and a Liberal  Government  in   British
FRANCIS JOSEPH'S   SUCCESSOR.
When the aged Emperor Francis Joseph���that most
interesting royal link between the twentieth century
and as far back as the early Victorian period of the
nineteenth- was finally gathered to his fathers, full
of vears and troubles, a few weeks back, there succeeded to the throne of the Hapsburgs a young grand-
nephew of the aged monarch, the Archduke Charles
Francis Joseph, whose succession was brought about
by the same tragic pistol shot, down in the Balkans,
that, early in 1914, ended the life of Francis Ferdinand, an older nephew of Francis Joseph, cousin of the
present Emperor, and exploded the powder magazine
that started the war.
Whatever dark clouds may hover over Austria-
Hungary nationally speaking at the present time, the
atmosphere of personal and domestic tragedy which
invested the throne during the incumbency of the late
head of the dual monarchy would appear to have cast
no shadow over the lives of the young Emperor and
his charming consort and cousin, known before her
marriage by the euphonious and romantic name of the
Princess Zita of Bourbon-Parma. A true royal romance it was, of the same simple and ideal character
as that which marked the union of our former Queen
Victoria and the Prince Consort, that culminated in
the marriage of the Princess Zita, one of nineteen children of the Duke of Parma (the twelfth by his second
wife) to the then Archduke Charles Francis Joseph,
in October, 1911. Though a Hapsburg, the young
Emperor, like his wife, would appear to be simple and
democratic, rather than autocratic, in tastes and character. This was illustrated in their early married life,
when the Princess followed the fortunes of her husband as simply an officer's wife, refusing to avail herself of any privileges above that station, and now,
when raised to the throne by an accident, is described
as "never happier than when in the nursery with her
children," of whom she has four, though she "never
forgets what she owes to the country and to the people" and "gives all her young heart to the duties of
her exalted station." With personal beauty and charm
added to her exceptional character, she is said to have
won a remarkable place already in the affections of
the people of Austria-Hungary.
The young Emperor���he is in his thirtieth year and
the Empress five years his junior���is described as one
of the most promising among the men of his time, upright, brave, true, and a man absolutely without sham.
At the beginning of the war, he placed his sword at
the aged monarch's command and entered into the
struggle in no perfunctory manner, leaving home and
family for the life of a soldier, and after a few months
was made commander of one of the armies engaged
in the mountains of the Southern Tyrol. Of late, the
young Emperor has been heard of a good deal in connection with bringing pressure to bear upon the German Kaiser in the interests of peace, failing which he
is credited with a determination to pursue a separate
peace on behalf of his own country.
With tastes, dispositions, characters and sympathies altogether foreign to those of their present alliance���animated by a spirit of devotion and patriotism
to their own unhappy country, which they must be
perfectly aware Germany has been using and enthralling and is prepared to sacrifice if necessary to
her own selfish interests���and possessing undoubtedly
a large measure of influence over the diverse peoples of
the dual monarchy���the young Emperor and Empress
of Austria-Hungary constitute beyond all peradven-
ture a personal equation that is to be reckoned with in
the ultimate, perhaps early, determination of great
questions now trembling in the balances in the war-
convulsed chancellories of Europe.
Columbia, that might be hindered and embarrassed in
its work, may be two reasons why Mr. Clements deprecates an election in the one case and demands it in the
other.
While other neutral nations seconded the peace
move of the United States, they showed much more
restraint and discretion in their communications than
President Wilson did in his famous "peace note."
Switzerland was one of those, and Norway, Denmark
and Sweden sent a joint note. All expressed a natural
desire for peace, but none attempted to lecture the
belligerents or to put them all on the same gross level
as the Germans. Spain refrained from taking a hand
at all, candidly and wisely expressing the view that
the time was not opportune. There can be no doubt
that the best opinion in the United States was misrepresented by President Wilson, both in the ill-timed effort
and in the unfortunately expressed terms of the note.
One wonders how he could have perpetrated such a
faux pas, which does not even do himself justice,
HERE AND THERE
Gen. Sir Douglas Haig, Commander-in-Chief of the
British forces on the western front, has now, it is
stated, two million troops at his disposal, which can
hardly be referred to as a "contemptible little army."
In his recent review of the Somme and Verdun fighting since July 1st last, Gen. Haig points out that, as
one important result of the serious reverses suffered
on those sectors by the Germans, the latter will face
the big Allied spring offensive with a distinctly weakened morale on account of the knowledge that has
been forced home upon them this season of the ability
of their opponents to drive them back.
M. Radistcheff, a pro-Russian member of the Bulgarian Parliament, and who had to flee on that account
when Bulgaria threw her fortunes in with Germany,
has reached'London recently by way of Russia and
Sweden, Speaking of his own unhappy countrv,
which, in the loss of Monastir to the Allies, a few
weeks ago, has begun to reap what it has sown, he
says the people are sick of the war and never were in
sympathy with Czar Ferdinand in his German attachment. A revolution, in which Ferdinand will lose his
throne at least, he says may come at any time.
In reviewing a recent speech, at Prince Rupert, by
Hon. T. D. Pattullo, Minister of Lands in the Brewster Government, the Prince Rupert News remarks
that Mr. Pattullo fully realizes the heavy responsibility
which has been placed upon his shoulders, and adds:
"The doing of wasteful or unnecessary work, simply
that money may be distributed, will have no place in
the plans of the new Minister of Lands. His aim, and
the aim of the Government of which he forms a part,
is to provide opportunities for the real development of
the natural resources of British Columbia so that these
resources may be allowed to support the population
which is now here, and the increased population which
must come here following the termination of the war."
President Wilson has been "slated" even more
strongly, if possible, by public mej; and, the, press . in
the United States for his ill-advisea peace essay than
in the Allied countries. Col. Roosevelt naturally excels in picturesque characterization of the President's
"bad break." Mr. Wilson "has taken a position so
profoundly immoral," he says, "that high-minded and
right-thinking Americans, whose country this note
places in a roughly false position, are in honor bound
to protest. * * * It is wickedly false to say that
Germany is fighting for the same thing as the Allies."
The statement that the United States was eager to
guarantee the peace of the world, Col. Roosevelt declared to be absurd, saying that' 'the spectacle of the
President trying to guarantee the peace of any nation,
with the aid of Messrs. Daniels and Baker, is as comic
as anything ever written by Artemus Ward." A
sample American press comment regarding President
Wilson's attempt as premature peace-maker is the following from the Butte (Mont.) Miner, a good Democratic paper, too : ' 'The very worst thing that could
happen to civilization and humanity would be to stop
this war while the German people imagine they have
the best of it in any quarter, as to do so would simply
add fuel to the militaristic element in that empire, and
increase the swashbuckling and saber-clanking proclivities of the members of the warlike cabal in that
nation."
Sir Wilfrid Laurier, leader of the Liberal party of
Canada, expressed himself thus on the question of
woman suffrage, in a speech at London, Ont., in October last: "No public man at this stage of Canadian
development, witnessing the inspiring' influence and
part of woman in the greatest crisis of history, is justified in evading an earnest request for an expression
of his conviction on the question of woman suffrage.
There are signs, not a few, that Ontario will adopt it
shortly. There is a two-fold advantage in the granting of woman suffrage; to remove the grievance of
those who feel they are being denied generous justice,
and to secure for the state in our new and important
problems the dedication of larger thought, cleaner and
clearer ambition and higher purpose. In this war,
women in Britain have risen glorious and immortal to
the greatest and most sacred duties of service and sacrifice. Thev have heroically and cheerfully assumed
the heaviest burdens of the state. They have become
the nobler part of the citizenhood, and have well earned what some of them have long been asking for. I
look for them to get the franchise at the next British
Parliament. Woman is winning by service what she
failed to win bv argument or force, and as we witness
in this Dominion the glorious part that noble woman
is taking in the common sacrifice for the highest and
best in civilization, my personal contention is that
there is no reason why she should longer be denied
the right of the ballot." F����l
TIIE PACIFIC CANADIAN
New Westminster. B.C,Jan. 12, 1917
THE  PACIFIC   CANADIAN
Published every Friday from the Offices, 761 Carnarvon Street,
New Westminster, B. C, by the PACIFIC Canadian PRINTING
& Publishing Co-, l/rn.
GRO. KENNEDY,
Editor nnd Manager
Subscription Prices;���$1.00 per annum Tin advance];   50c.   for six
months; 25c. for three months; 10c. per month;   5c. per copy.
Advertising rates on   application
CONSISTNET INCONSISTENCY.
Mr. W. J. Bowser, ex-Premier and Attorney-General of British Columbia, would evidently rather be
consistent and wrong than inconsistent and right,
especially when by maintaining the former position
he can gratify at the same time a perhaps not unnatural political grouch. With regard to the constitutional
question, affecting the validity of all legislotion passed
by the Provincial Legislature after the 14th of March
last, raised by Mr. (now Premier) Brewster's writ
against then Attorney-General Bowser, it suited Mr.
Bowser, on account of political exigencies apparently,
to take up from the start the fundamentally fals<-J
position that the constitutional difficulty had been
created by the writ which called attention to and
aimed to determine it, whereas, of course, it was
caused by circumstances of Mr. Bowser's own contriving, or lack of contriving, anterior to and altogether
independent of the writ.
Without pressing further the clear responsibility
for the trouble upon the late Government, the doubt
as to whether the last Legislature was legally constituted after the 14th of March last undoubtedly arose,
and still exists. Mr. Brewster's writ aimed, among
other things, to set that doubt at rest, so that it could
not be raised by possibly interested parties, some time
in the future, to the possible prejudice and detriment
of the public interests. Mr. Bowser, however, for
reasons suggested or others, took the view, and has
stubbornly adhered it, that, because he was personally satisfied of the validity of his eleventh-hour
emergency extension of the last Legislature, therefore it was valid, and, consistently with that view,
he persistently refused, whiie Premier and Attorney-
General, to co-operate with Mr. Brewster in any one
of various reasonable proposals for resolving the doubt
and setting the question at rest.
To be perfectly consistent with himself, Mr. Bowser
has just turned down another reasonable proposal, this
time from his successor in the Attorney-General's
office, Hon. M. A. Macdonald, to lay the invalidity
ghost which haunts' the dying hours and the belated
galvanized resuscitation period of the late Legislature.
To exorcise the spectre once and for all, with neatness
and despatch, Mr. Attorney-General Macdonald, by
letter, invited the co-operation of the late Attorney-
General, and now presumptive leader of the Opposition, in securing the consent of the Imperial House of
Commons to an act valdidating all legislation passed
between March 14 and Mav 31 last. But Mr. Bowser
declined, referring to his previously expressed opinion
that there was nothing to valdidate, and characteristically adding: "I can see no reason now for taking an
inconsistent position with reference to that view by
assenting to Imperial legislation."
The Brewster Government may now either put the
writ against Mr. Bowser through the courts or apply
to the Imperial Parliament for validating legislation,
without Mr, Bowser's assent.
HERE AND THERE
A very important and significant war council composed of representatives of the main Entente Powers
was held in Rome, early this week, under the presidency of Premier Boselli. of Italy. Premier Briand,
Gen. Lyautey, Minister of War, and M. Thomas, Minister of Munitions, represented the French Cabinet;
Premier Lloyd-George and Viscount Milner the British
Government, and Gen. Palitzin the Russian army staff.
The conference, which among other things is reported
to have drafted an ultimatum to Greece, was regarded
in Rome as a sign of closer union of the Allies and as
marking the beginning of more vast and formidable
efforts, demonstrating that the Entente, instead of
being weakened by Germany's peace manouvie, is
resolved firmlv to continue the war until the objects
of the Allies are attained.
Hon. Martin Burrell, Minister of Agriculture in
the Dominion Government, in an address at Montreal,
the other day, in connection with an appeal in behalf
of National Service, is reported to have said that he
did not think that conscription would be a wise or
proper thing to put into effect in Canada at the present time. He added, however, that he would not
oppose conscription if it were found that this was the
only way to preserve the country's liberties. Hearty
applause, it is stated, followed this last remark. Mr.
Burrell said further that Canada had not risen to her
full obligation, and he attributed this to a large extent
to the mixed population. This was a round about way,
we may suppose, for suggesting that recruiting had
not been up to the mark in Quebec Province. For
which, it might be added, as has already been pointed
out, mistaken and perv rse tactics and methods of the
Dominion Government s military administration have
to a large extent been responsible.
Covered
Roast
Pans
Round or
Oval
75c��$2
Cake Pans, plain tubed and scalloped, 15c to 50c each
Story Cake Pans, round and square,    40c to 75c each
Cooks Knives, Mixing Spoons, Kitchen Forks, Etc.
Anderson   (St  Lusby
634 Columbia St.
Royal City Pork Butchers
(KENNEDY   BROTHERS)
737 Columbia St. 309 Sixth St.
We make a specialty of Cooked Meats.     Our
Properly Cooked Hams, Veal Loaf, Etc.,
are in great demand.
NEW WESTMINSTER, B. C.
Phone 219
The death of Senator J. B. R. Fiset, at Rimouski,
on Sunday last, makes the fifteenth vacancy in the
Upper House, notes an Ottawa despatch, and reduces
the Liberal representation in that body from 42 to 41.
Conservatives number 31, and, when all the vacancies
are filled, the Government will have a majority of five
in the Upper Chamber. Immediately after the dissolution of the present Parliament, the Government will
have authority to name additional Senators from the
Western Provinces, bringing the Western group up to
24, or the same as the Ontario, Quebec, and Maritime
Provinces groups, which  was provided for in the bill
passed several sessions PacK. The desire to have
leisure to fill the Senate vacancies and get certain
legislation through a Government-dominated Upper
House, that could not be made law while the Liberals
controlled that Chamber, has not improbably something to do with Conservative anxiety for another
extension of the Parliamentarv term.
GILLEY BROS.,LTD
''
PHONKS  15 and 16
 Dealers in������
||    Crushed Rock, Sand and  Gravel.   Lime,   Cement. Plaster. Drain Tile. Etc.
j;    Porge, House and Steam Coal.   Agricultural Lime
902 ��oiumbia Street
New Westminster, B. C.
The extra adventurous and hazardous nature of the
aerial branch of the war service may be gathered
from the following review in a late Londoii despatch
of aeroplanes brought down each month since June
last, on the western front. Incidentally it illustrates
as well the superiority of the British air service over
that of the enemy particularly. Owing to the suspension of fighting on a large scale, on account of
recent bad weather, says the despatch, the number of
aeroplanes destroyed or driven down more or less
damaged, on the western front, in Decembef, was 94,
a smaller number than in anv month since June. In
that month 73 British, French, and German machines
fell. In July the total was 165; in August, 189; September. 322; October, 171; and November, 112. Of
the 94 brought down in December, 10 were British, 63
German, and 21 French. Of the 63 German machines
35 fell to British airmen and 29 to the French. Virtually all of the 63 ftll in aerial fighting.
Greece, as controlled bv Constantine, the puppet
of the Kaiser, has been constantly, through all professions and pretensions, shufflings and turnings,
gravitating surely to one bad end, and that is to find
herself committed openly and hopelessly to the Kaiser's lost cause. Things have been speeding up to the
inevitable denouement lately, until it reached the
situation, as reported in recent Paris despatches, that
"the Greek royal army is only awaiting orders from
Germany to attack the Allies." With the reservists,
recently mobolized under German direction. Constantine, it is said, will have an army of seventy-five
thousand. The Allies, meanwhile, have been tightening the naval blockade of Greece, and, it is reported,
issued a joint note having the effect 0f an ultimatum
from the Allied war council at Rome, early this week,
requiring prompt compliance with all the previous
demands of the Allies and notification of the acceptance of those demands by the Greek Government
within a period stated to be not longer than fortv-
eight hours. If Germany is not yet ready, with her
Balkan allies, to strike in concert at the Allied position
at Salonica, Greece may be expected to pretend compliance again, pending the favorable moment to do
the knifing act.
THE   OPERA    HOUSE
Fridav & Saturday, Jan. 12-13
Under the auspices of the Admiral Sir Robert Arbuthnot Chapter I. O. D. E., the management
of the Edison Theatre will present
MISS MARGARET CLARK
The International Favorite, in
44 ��*���
Miss George Washington"
A story about a Girl who couldn't tell the truth
MISS MARIE OSBORNE
The World's Cleverest Child Actress, in
Shadows and Sunshine"
A Bewitching Photoplay of Tf ars and Laughter
DON'T  MISS  IT!
t.
Friday and Saturday Matinees 2 to 5 p. m.
Evening Performance (doors open at 7:30)-from 8 to 10:45
Two Shows Daily-Special Music Afternoon & Evening
Prices===Matinee, 15c; Children, 5c;   Evenings, 25c; Box Seats, 35c New Westminster, B.C.. Jan. 12,1917
THE PACIFIC CANADIAN
Page I
n<\
LOCAL AND GENERAL.
Mrs. George T. Wilson and children
left on Saturday on a trip to Southern
California.
Court Registrar J. J. Cambridge has
been granted two months' leave of absence on account of his health.
Mr. and Mrs. H. A. Belyea have returned from Victoria, after spending a
few days as guests at the Empress.
The report of the Provincial Mental
Hospital for December showed a total of
1,272 patients under treatment here and
at Rssondale.
Mr. F. H. Cunningham, Chief Inspector of Dominion Fisheries for B. C, left
last week for Ottawa to attend the semiannual meeting of the Fisheries Advisory
Board.
Market Clerk MeKenzie reported to
the City Council Monday afternoon that,
during the month of December, 1916,
the receipts totalled $241.
The Allies' reply to President Wilson,
which has just been made public, is even
more emphatic and explicit as to the impossibility of peace at this juncture than
the previous answer to Germany.
Corp. G. K. Burnett, of the firm of
Burnett & McGugan, civil engineers of
this city, left, Monday, for the Fast,
with a draft of the 6th Field Company.
Canadian Engineers, Jor overseas service.
The two local Orange lodges, at a joint
meeting last week, unanimously endorsed the National Service cards which the
Dominion Government are asking to be
filled in and returned to Ottawa.
Dr. C. S. McEwen left Monday for the
East to visit Rochester, Philadelphia,
Chicago and New York and take postgraduate work. He will be absent for
two months. Mrs. McEwen will visit
relatives in Philadelphia.
The next regular meeting of the City
Council will take place on Monday
morning, Januaiy 15, at 11 o'clock,
when the bnsiness for the present year
will be wound up. This will be followed
by the first meeting of the new Council.
In the Edison Theatre, Sunday afternoon, a concert will be given by the Returned Soldiers' Association. In addition to an excellent musical programme,
addresses on interesting topics of the
war will be delivered.
The funeral of the late Patrick Bowler
took place this morning at 9 o'clock
from the family residence to the Roman
Catholic Church and was largely attended. Interment was made in the Roman
Catholic cemetery.
The marriage took place on Saturday,
January 6, in St. Mark's Church, of
Miss Jeanette Marian Julia Peele, daughter of Mrs. Adolphus Peele, of this city,
and Mr. John Mclutvre of Powell River.
Rev. Canon Hilton, chaplain of the
225th Battalion, officiated.
Mr. James A. Rennie has tendered his
resignation as manager of the Westminster Trust Company, the position he was
just recently appointed to. At the present time, Mr. T. J. Trapp, president of
the directors, states that a committee
from the board will look after the duties
of manager until a new one is appointed.
The local postal authorities, who have
charge of the distribution of the National
Service cards, have been notified that
the cards must be filled in by Chinese,
Japs and Hindus, the same as other
men, between the ages of 16 and 65.
The cards are now coming in fast, already about 2,000 having  been received.
The City Council, in regular session,
Monday afternoon, adopted the report of
the Harbor Committee, which stated
that the citv tug Hero had been leased
to the Pacific Dredging Co., Ltd., at a
monthly rental of $125, the contract
being the same as the one for the dredge
John A. Lee, under lease to the same
company.
Under the auspices of the Admiral Ar-
buthnot Chapter of the Daughters of the
Empire, special moving pictures will be
shown at the Westminster Opera House
this (Friday) and Saturday evenings.
Miss Marguerite Clark will be seen in
"Little Miss George Washington," while
Baby Osborne will take the leading part
in ''Shadows and Sunshine." Part of
the proceeds goes to the I.O.D.E.
The regular monthly meeting of the
Women's Liberal Association will take
place next Monday evening in the Liberal Club rooms, Westminster Trust
block. All women are urged by the
president and secretary to come prepared
with paper and pencil, also with a question to be answered and to be ready to
take a question home with them to study
up for the next meeting.
Liberal Annual  Meeting.
The annual meeting of the New Westminster Liberal Association was held in
the Liberal Club rooms on Saturday
evening, when officers wore elected an
delegates selected for the Federal Association meeting on Jauuary 19. R. C.
McDonald, retiring president, reviewed
the work of the past year nnd thanked
all those who had assisted in making
the local campaign a success. lie referred especially to the campaign manager, Mr. L. B. Lusby, and to the work
of the Young Liberal Association. He
paid a tribute to the work and integrity
of Mr. David Whiteside, the Liberal
member for this city.
Resolutions of confidence in Sir Wilfrid Laurier, leader o'. the Liberal party
in the nonunion; Premier II. C. Brewster of British Columbia, aud Mr. David
Whiteside, M. L. A. for New Westminster, were passed, the various speakers
expressing appreciation of the work of
these leaders. Officers elected were as
follows:
Honorary presidents, Sir Wilfrid Laurier. Hon. C. II. Brewster, and Mr.
David Whiteside, M.L.A.; president, J.
H. McDonald; first vice-president, Aid.
J. R. Jardine; second vice-president,
Alex. Matheson; third vice-president,
L. B. Lusby; secretary, David Douglas;
treasurer, Robert Buckland; executive,
Messrs. R. C. McDonald. Capt. Kenton,
H. M. Streight, K. Mercer, W. II Ivl-
800, II. Ryall, and Aid. Johnston. The
president and secretary of the Voung
Liberal Association were made ex-officio
members of the executive.
Delegates to the Federal Association
meeting on January 19 are the members
of the executive, with Messrs. Aid. Goulet, ]. P. McMurphy, A. Menzies, J. J.
Forrester, J. McClughan, Aid. McAdam,
W. E. Pales; P. J. O'Connor, Oeorge
Adams, Andrew Halcrow, T, A. Barnard, Hugh Gunn. Alternates, J. W.
McDonald, K. K. Reid, W. J. Johnson,
A. Hantaan, H. T. Kirk, W. C. Curtis,
A. R. Deans, E. Lovering, !. B. McDonald, and W. Philpott.
���~:��:.*4..x^x..Mm;��>+4m5h.:.,:.^.x_>j^hsw>
5   x
mM.sn
^""^   I Is �� /v/7
The People's   if
|        Grocer        1
% 4
* PHONES: ?
A X
X  Main Store     -     193 and 194 $
f Sapperton branch       -       373
X
X West End branch
Three Big Stores
of  Plenty
r
I
650  V
X
I Are You Interested
l
in
Specials
Armour's Concentrated Mine
i
|
X
4
%
�����  Here are a few real ones from
X  stocktaking -
1
���}���  Meat; regular 60c paiis;   spe-
X cial 35c
Cquncil Endorsed     Holiday Changed.
As a result of yesterday's civic elections, every member of last year's Council who offered -and all did in one
capacity or another���was re-elected���
with the exception, of course, of Aid.
Bryson and Eastman, who, having entered the Mayoralty contest with Mayor
Gray, will be missed from this year's
Council Board, through the re-election
of Mayor Gray, who won out by a big
plurality and a substantial majority over
both his opponents, the vote standing:
Gray, 1,126;  Bryson, 614;  Rastman, 246.
Aid. Johnston look the senior honors
for Aldermen held by Aid. Bryson laat
year, the votes for the various contestants yesterday standing thus: Johnston,
1.255;' Jardine, 1,230; Dodd, 1,077;
Mathers, 1,018; Lynch, 1,000; Goulet,
914; McAdam, 833 Call elected); Mark,
762; Stuart-Wade, 687; Livery. 606;
Hardman, 537.
judge Bole got the bumper vote of the
day for School Trustee, the vole stadiug:
W. N. Bole, 1,363; T. J Lewis, 964;
Mrs. J. R. Gilley, 914 (elected); S.
Bowell, 700; W. B. Blane, 9��9.
The half-holiday plebiscite declared for
a change to Wednesday from Saturday,
by 1,086 to 6S9. The change, it is said,
will become operative Feb. 1, though in
Vancouver, where they also changed to
Wednesday, yesterday, by 5.2SO to 3,934,
Mayor McBeath interprets the act to permit the coming into effect of the Wednesday half-holiday next week. Nanaimo also declared for a change to
Wednesday, by about 500 majority. Victoria diil not raise the question this
yeor, and so retains Saturday.
Heinz Mince Meat; regular
30 and 50c tins; special-.-20c
  and 35c
Gold Seal Milk; reg. I5ctins;
special, each  10c
���  Oval Glycerine Soap;   reg.   2
h cakes for 25c; special 3 for 25
4
X Jap Oranges
'**
V  .Per  box 60c
V
2   Extra large  Naval   Oranges,
���|��   per doz	
The   Midwinter   Sale   Closes I
i
SATURDAY, JAN. 20
Make the Most of the Remaining
Shopping Days
Women's and Misses Winter Coats.    Two Hig Specials.    Priced   {
ut $7.50 and $12.50
Every garment wortli almost double the sale price. Made of
excellent grade all Wool Fabrics, in medium and dark colors.
With or without belt; with lots of fulness in skirt and good
length.
Cloth Skirts���regular values to $8.50.    Sale price $5.85   ii
Many styles are in new models. Serges iu pure all wool quality.
In shades of Brown, Navy, Green and Black, and Black and
White Fabrics.
Wool Dress Fabrics priced for quick selling.    Lots
at , 33c, 48c and 98c
Many half usual price and less.    See these bargains early.
i Roval Grown
X
X Castile Soap, per box...
25c g
30c %
4
x
I.
I	
Go together   both are brought J
on by attempting  to read or <*
work WITHOUT Glasses when 2
Glasses are NEGESSARY ! j
We can fit you with becoming Eye- *
glasses that will enable   you   to   see
clearly without Eyestrain or Wrinkles
Let us snpplv the Glasses to-day.
H. Ryall
Druggist  and  Optician
* rLIMITKD
NKW WESTMINSTER, B. C.
PHONE 57
i
<>
��� >
< -
i >
<��
&"X^xk~x~xk~X"X~x~x~x��:~x~ fre-*************************
Don't  miss   Charlie  Chaplin,   to-day
and to-morrow, at the Edison, in his
greatest and funniest stunt, "The Rink."
Fannie Ward will also be seen in her
great success, "The Cutter Magdalene,"
a story of how the Salvation Army saves
a girl from downfall aud brings her up
to sate others.
During the absence of Premier Brewster in the East, lion. John Oliver,
Minister of Agriculture and Railways, is
acting-Premier, and he's making the
railways stand round.
Valuator    Money to Loan    Farms
for Sale
II. A. EASTM0N
Notary Public
Guichon Iilock, Columbia and MeKenzie Sts.,    NBW  WESTMIHSWR
According to cable despatches from
England, Lieut.-Col. J. D, Taylor, M.
P., who went overseas in command of
the 131st Battalion, is on his way back to
Canada, the 131st having been broken
up into drafts to reinforce battalions at
the front.
Phone   498
Let ns help you   to
Protect Your Property
From Fire
by writing   Insurance   iu   sound,
reliable Companies.
Wm, McAdam
Room 1, Hart Woek
WOOD
AND
COAL
at prices that  are   RIGHT
Quality, Quantity and Service  is  our
motto
Phones:   150-732
Belyea $ Company, Lid.
827 Carnarvon Street
City  Market.
The bright weather brought out a better market to-day, attendance, produce,
and trading being fully up to average
for this time of year. Meats were in
fair supply, aud the demand, for pork
especially, sent the price up a little, to
15 1-2 to 16c. Heef held at 7c to Klc,
and veal at 14c to 17c. Poultry showed
np better, and prices were maintained,
hens selling at 22c to 25c per lb, springs
at 25c up, and ducks at 30c. There was
a fair supply of eggs, the ruling price
being 50c per do/, retail and 45c to 47c
wholesale. Butter held at 50c per lb.
Potatoes were firm at $25 per ton and
$1.25 per sack, with but little movement.
Onions brought $2.25 per sack and cabbages $1. Apples sold at 75c to $1.25
per box.
SALE OF GOYERNMENTPROPERTY.
SEALED TENDERS, superscribed
"Tender for Junk," will be received by
the undersigned up to 12 o'clock noon of
Wednesday, the 31st day of Januarv,
1917.
The junk can be seen in the basement
of the Court House, New Westminster,
on application to the Janitor.
The highest or any tender not necessarily nccepted.
F. C. CAMPBELL,
Government Agent.
Government Agent's Office,
New Westminster, B.C.,
10th January, 1917,
EDISON,
SCENE FROM "SHADOWS AND SUNSHINE," PATHE GOLD ROOSTER
PLAY.    PRODUCED  BY  BALBOA. ���
Which will be seen at the Opera House Friday and Saturday
f
CHARLES
CHAPLIN
IN-
"The Rink"
Charles'   Greatest   Comedy.     His
antics on roller skates are
very  funny
FANNIE WARD
���IN-
"The Gutter
Magdalene"
Storv of Salvation Army Life
A
THERMOS
BOTTLE
Will keep your tea or coffee
warm and you will enjoy
your lunch.
Wc can sell vou Thermos
Bottles and Lunch Kits.
T. J. TRAPP & CO., Ltd.
Phones:
Store 59       Oflice 196
Machinery  and   Auto  Dept.   691
COAL
New    Wellington,
Lump, Nut, pea
and Slack
JOSEPH MAVERS
Foot Sixth St.        Phone 105 Puirn 4
S^ESV GDpq
THE PACIFIC CANADIAN
New Weet-minater. B.C,Jan. 12, 1917
AN AVIATOR'S DEATH.
Passed Unscathed Thi-ouKh Thrilling
Encounters with Huns In Mia Air, to
Meet Death In Practice Accident.
Last week, Mr. T. J. Trapp, of this
city, received by mail particulars of the
aeroplane accident on the Somme front
which resulted, on Dec. 10th last, in the
death of his son. Flight Sub-Lieut. Stanley V. Trapp, an aviator at the time with
the British naval air service. The letter
containing the detailed information is
from G. Rhodes, Bennett, olflcer commanding R. N. A. S., attached to 22nd
Wing R. F, C, and is as follows:
"I-regret to inform you that your son,
Flight Sub-Lieut. Trapp, was killed in an
aeroplane accident, yesterday afternoon.
He went up to test his machine, and, in
doing a very steep nose dive low down,
tried to pull her out of it too suddenly,
with the result that the machine collapsed in the air at about 150 feet. Vour
sou was killed instantly and could have
suffered no pain. He was buried this
afternoon with naval honors, and we
have erected a cross made out of propeller
blades to his memory.
"I cannot express in words how deeply 1 feel his death, and in this I am
voicing the feelings nf all his squadron
mates. Your son came to me at Dover
for a final course, before proceeding on
active service, and I never had a whiter
man or a better pilot through my hands.
That is saying a very great deal, but it is
no idle tribute, I assure you. The promise he showed at Dover was more than
justified when he went abroad, and at
the time of his death he had several Germans to his credit and was universally
considered one of the finest and most
lion-hearted pilots in the air service.
"Apart from his pilot's duties he was
a splendid officer and a perfect messmate. No matter what the weather,
what the duty or what the game, he was
never anything but absolutely 'full out.'
Popular alike with officers and men, and
with a distinguished future before him,
the Naval Air Service has lost in hint a
very gallant officer and a true type of
gentleman."
Flight Sub-Lieut. Stanley J, Coble
also wrote, tendering the deepest sympathy ol the officers of "B" flight, and
saying: "He was :u my (light, and we
lived in the same hut together. He has
repeatedly proved his worth, and was a
very gallant officer and a splendid messmate .
and right away from them into the sun.
I shook them completely, and then went
around till dusk looking for bunches
that didn't have quite so many in them.
"Well, I am mighty, proud of my little
machine, as she took some strains that
ought to have broken most any machine
in two, and I will certainly go into my
next fight with a much greater confidence than I have ever done before, and,
if it is mv luck to be the goat next time,
I'll feel that I'll at least have taken two
Huns with me."
yards, keeping its eyes on her the whole
time. Though she made noises and
waved her basket, the animal was quite
uncohcerned. She shouted for Mr.
Nuttal, and he and Mr. Forrest came
with guns. In the meantime, the' animal had quietly glided through the fence
and disappeared. The panther, from
the description given, was a young one
and Mrs. Thompson did not feel so much
fear at the^time as she did after the encounter.
Death of Pat Bowler.
A pioneer in electric lighting on the
Pacific Coast passed away early Saturday
morning in the person of Patrick Talbot
Bowler, City Electrician of New Westminster for almost a quarter of a century,
and the man who installed the first electric street lighting systems in this city,
Vancouver and Victoria.
Born in Ireland, Mr. Bowler came to
Canada as a child and grew up in Montreal. He came west 26 years ago as
electrical engineer for the Royal Electric
Company of Montreal and installed systems in the three coast cities, remaining
here as Citv Electrician, where he built
the city's own lighting plant and also
installed a domestic lighting system. He
had a considerable reputation in electrical engineering circles from coast to
coast, and more than once was sent for
by other cities to advise in difficulties to
their lighting systems.
Since the death of Mrs. Howler, some
vears ago, he had been in failing health,
and a year ago resigned the post of City
Electrician on that account, being succeeded in the position by his assistant,
M. J. C. Digby. Last week, he went to
St. Mary's Hospital, where he was operated on, and  died  Saturday morning.
The late Mr. Bowler is survived by a
cousin, Mrs. Jas. A. Bailey, a sister-in-
law, Mrs. Kerfoot, both of this city, and
a cousin, Mr. Thos. Talbot, of Montreal.
Sir Frederick Borden Dead.
Sir Frederick William Borden, who
was Minister of Militia and Defence in
the Laurier Administration from its formation in 1896 until its defeat at the
general election in 1911, died at his home
at Canning, Nova Scotia, on Saturday,
January 6.
The death of the ex-Minister of Militia
did not come as a surprise at the Capital,
as it had been known for some time past
that his health had been failing rapidly.
Sir Frederick spent but little time at Ot
of   the   "
tawa since   the   defeat   of   the   Laurier
Messages of sympathy and regret have   Government in 1911, and  his   own   per-
also been received bv the family from
the Keeper of the Privy Purse on behalf
of the King and Queen, from the Lords
of the Admiralty, and from Rev. P. H.
Wilson, chaplain of the 22nd Wing.
A letter received by Mr. Trapp a few
days after receipt of the cable announcing his son's death, illustrates the daring
and hazardous work in which the gallant
young aviator and native son of the Royal City was engaged up to the time of
his tragic death. The letter described a
thrilling battle in the air over the enemy
lines somewhere in Flanders, as follows:
"Yesterday was the most exciting day
1 have yet experienced in the air. With
a number of other machines, I was patrolling in 'Cohoe,' a considerable distance behind the enemv's lines. While
so doing I noticed three enemy machines
flying in formation about three thousand
feet below me. Not being able to attract
the attention of my chums I picked out
the last one of the bunch and getting
the sun directly in line behind me I
dove for him and came up under his tail
at a terrific speed, probably near 150
miles an hour. My indicator only shows
130, but it was well past the end of the
dial and part way round again.
"The Hun was in a big two-seated
machine. They are fitted with a gun
fixed solidly to the centre of the top
plane, which is directed by the pilot by
the steering of the machine, and which
shoots directly through the propeller,
being synchronized so that it does not
fire when the propeller blades are in the
direct line of fire. They also have a
gun which is fitted with a turret mounting aft, in which the gun layer or observer sits, and which has a very wide
range of fire, as it can lie shot in practically any direction. When a scout attacks one of these machines this turret
gun is the one to be most carefully
watched, as the gunner has nothing else
to do but get his sights on vou, while
yon have to manoeuvre your machin
well as handle the gun.
sonal defeat in Kings Comity, being only
an occasional visitor, Despite liis failing
health, he was a candidate for re-election.
Sir Frederick Borden was born at
Cornwallis, N. S , in 1847, and, after
graduating from the Harvard Medical
School, settled down at Canning to practice medicine. This was in 1868. Next
year, he became assistant surgeon of the
68th Battalion, and in the general election of 1874 he was elected to the House
of Commons for King's County. He
was re-elected in 1878, but defeated in
1882. In 1887 he was re-elected and remained a member of the House until defeated during the reciprocity campaign
in 1911. He joined the Laurier Administration on its inception in 1896, and
retained his portfolio until the defeat of
the Ministry a little over five years ago.
Sir Frederick was credited with the
efficient organization of the Canadian
contingents to South Africa, and for this
was knighted on the occasion of King
Kdwar'd's coronation. He attended the
Imperial conferences in London in 1907
and 1911 and the Imperial Defence Conference in 1909. He leaves no children,
his only son having been killed in South
Africa.
Sir Frederick was a first cousin of Sir
Robert Borden, both men being great-
grandsons of Perry Borden, a native of
Rhode Island, who settled in the Cornwallis Valley in 1760.
New Westminster Assessment District.
apparently thought he was safe because'
he was with two others, and before he
had time to realize what was coming I
was within fifteen yards of him and under his tail so that he could not get at
me without shooting away his own tail.
1 got mv sights square on him and felt
that he was as good as dead and pulled
the trigger. My gun fired one round
and jammed, aud I was so close to bim
that I nearly cut off his tail with my propeller. I just managed to clear him and
shot past so close tbat be ought to have
filled me full of lead, but I was going so
fast that 1 must have completely unnerved him, for he didn't get a single
bullet into me.
"I got my gun working again in about
half a second and found myself directly
behind the next one, so I got under bis
tail before he could get his sights on me,
and this time my gun fairly spurted lead,
and I put about 100 rounds into him at
point blank range in less than a quarter
of a minute. Well, this finished that
poor beggar, and I shut off my engine
and slowly circled round following hiin
down, so that I could be sure he wasn't
shamming. I took mv eyes off him for
an instant and saw the third one coming
straight for me. I prepared to fight
this one when I saw there were two more
with him, one on either side. 1 then
turned around and saw three of a different type coming for me from the opposite direction. This began to look like
a rather unhealthy spot, as I was in the
centre of a circle with Huns closing in
in all directions.
'Cohoe' surelv stayed bv me in good
shape, and 1 bluffed one fellow by
charging straight (or him, and when it
looked as though we were going down in
a crash I pulled back  on  my 'joy stick'
NOTICE is hereby given in accordance
with the statutes, all Assessed Taxes Assessed and Levied under the Taxation
Act and the Public Schools Act and
amendments are now due and payable
for the vear 1917
All   Taxes   collectable   for   the   New
Westminster    Assessment   District   and
Well, Mr. Hun-School Districts of Hatzic Prairie. North
Nicomen, Nicomen, Dewdney and Abbottsford, are due and payable at my office at the Court House, in the City of
New Westminster, B. C, and this notice
in terms of Law is equivalent to a personal demand by me upon all persons
liable for taxes.
Dated at New Westminster, B. C, the
2nd dav of January. 1917.
J.  W. CREIGHTON,
Assessor and Collector,
New Westminster District.
New Westminster Assessment District.
NOTICE is hereby given that a Court
of Revision and Appeal under the provisions of the "Taxation Act" and "The
Public Schools Act" for the New Westminster Assessment District, and for
Abbottsford, Dewdnev, Nicomen, North
Nicomen, and Hatzic Prairie will be held
as follows:
The Court House, New Westminster,
B.C., on Tuesday, Thirtieth day of January, 1917, at 11 o'clock in the forenoon.
Dated at New Westminster, B.C.,
This 4th day of January, 1917.
W.  F. HANSFORD,
per J.W.C.
Judge of Court of Revision and   Appeal,
New Westminster Assessment District.
The Panther Pursued Her.
Cowichan, the paradise of panthers,
has furnished another hair-raising episode, which the Leader thus relates:
Mrs. C. H. Thompson encountered a
panther on Tuesday afternoon, Decem-
bet 26th, in broad daylight, near Mr.
Nuttal's gate. She backed through the
gate, which was open, and  the   panther
GENUINE
Kasterii Salt Codfish, per lb.
at   12 l-2c
Dill Pickles,  doz 15c
Cream of Wheat, pkR 20c
Dr. Price's Baking Powder;
the best on the market; tins
at 20c, 40c and $1.15
Lard Compound; fine quality;
11)  20c
Heinz Pure Vinegar, Malt,
White Wine and Cider; 40c
bottles for  30c
Apples -Winesaps, Spitzen-
burg, Rome Beauties; heavy
pack; every apple sound; of
good color, and wrapped. Per
box   $1.75
Seeded Sultana Raisins; note
weight;  16-oz   pkgs 15c
Monarch Bread Flour, 49-lb-
bags $2.50
Edward's Dessicated Soups;
15c tins;   3 for ....25c
Broder's Pure Jams; 4-lb.
tins .-75c
Oatmeal Soap; 8 cakes 25c
Model Grocery
Matheson & Jacobson
308 Sixth St. Phone 1001-2
East Burnaby, 2nd St, Phone 598
Edmonds, Gray Block Phone 1111L
Sapperton, Guhr Block Phone 1012
45 Pairs of Reyniers Kid Gloves 95c Pair
A careful going-over of our Glove Stock during stock-taking operations brought to light these few Gloves, which are slightly mussed
and soiled. They are all good sizes from 5 3-.4 to 7 1-4, in tan,
grey, brown and other shades, our regular $1.5o, $1.75 aud $2.00
Gloves.    Your choice of the  lot  for ��5C
Women's Handbags,   95c Each
Clearing some two dozen only odd leather, silk and mesh bags-
regular values up to $2.50.
SMALL PURSES,   15c BACH
Three dozen only Boys'   Leather Change  Purses;
silk and other odd lines.
small   knitted
Big Reduction on All Dress Goods Remnants
Look for the red price mark on every remnant on the bargain
table. The January Sale re-marking means reductions from 10 to
50 per cent, off regular prices; 95 per cent, of the pieces are old
qualities and old dyes.    Your best buy is among these remnants.
Knitting Wool, $1.85 Per Lb.
Our Special Scotch Fingering is firm; strong and durable; it knits
up into a splendid sock, which the wearer finds stands the rough
use; shown in four shades of grey.
W. S. Collister & Go.
The Store for Women's Wear
P. O. Box 933
Westminster  Iron  Works
JOHN   REID,   Proprietor
General Machine Work, Engineering and
Blacksmithing
Manufacturers oi   Structural and Ornamental Ironwork
Agents for REGAL GASOLINE ENGINES
Office aud  Works;
TENTH STREET
New Westminster, B. C.
James & McClughan
PLUMBING
and
HEATING
Auto Tires & Accessories
HARDWARE
New Westminster, B. C.
Front and Sixth Sts,    Phone 302
Let Us Do  It?
You  needn't   do   your   own
Washing or send it to a
Chinaman
The Royal City Laundry
(White Labor Only)
will do it for you.
PHONE 183.     814 ROYAL AVE.
tsa-t-Wj-
TO INVESTORS
HOSE WHO, FROM TIME TO TIME, HAVE FUNDS REQUIRING
INVESTMENT MAY PURCHASE
AT PAR
DOMINION OF CANADA DEBENTURE STOCK
IN  SUMS OF *500 OR ANY  MULTIPLE THEREOF.
Principal repayable 1st October, 1919.
Interest payable half-yearly, 1st April and 1st October by cheque (free of exchange at
any chartered Bank in Canada) at the rate of five per cent per annum from the date of
purchase.
Holders of this stock will have the privilege of surrendering at par and accrued interest,
as the equivalent of cash, in payment of any allotment made under any future war loan issue
in Canada other than an issue of Treasury Bills or other like short date security.
Proceeds of this stock are for war purposes only.
A commission of one-quarter of one per cent will be allowed to recognized bond and
stock brokers on allotments made in respect of applications for this stock which bear their
stamp.
For application forms apply to the Deputy Minister of Finance, Ottawa.
DEPARTMENT OF FINANCE, OTTAWA,
OCTOBER 7th, 1916.
and my bus just climbed over their lieads leisurely   followed  her  for   about   ten
THE HOME OF THE VICTROLA & EDISON
VICTROLAS
No. 4 $21.00
No. 6 $33.50
No. 9 $66 50
No. 10     $102.00
No. 11..... $137.00
Pianos
Thousands of Records, all the latest, to select
from. A large stock of Victrolas; every style and
finish. Comfortable parlors to see ar.d hear them.
The same privacy and convenience as though in
your own home. A small cash payment, balance
easy terms, makes you the owner of one.
���   ��_���______������
Sewing machines
J. H. TODD'S MUSIC HOUSE
EDISON
Model 30 $40.00
Model 50 $68.50
Model 75 $100.00
Violins, Mandolins, Banjos, Ktc.    :    :     :     :
Organs
521 Columbia St.,
New Westminster, B. C.
m ��mm -pi
mm

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