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The Pacific Canadian Sep 16, 1893

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S&sV  dDPM
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��-Acidic-II a
Vol. I.
No. 1.
$1  per   Tear!
Tliu publishers of the Pacific Canadian, In order to reach the people of this
Prov'nce, have decided to place the subscription price at the very low figure of i The reverend
$1.00 per year. This places the paper
within the reach of all, even in hard
times, and there Is no other way that a
dollar can be invested to better advantage. In the family circle a healthy
newspaper Is almost invaluable as an
educator. Have the Canadian come to
your hearth and make the whole house
glad. Try it from now till the end of the
year for 2.1 cents.
Rev. Mr. Bowei.t.. the esteemed pastor of the Methodist Church, in Surrey,
came to Westminster on Tuesday, and,
shortly after crossing the river, nu t with
a severe accident, through his horse taking fright at a passing railway train.
gentleman was thrown
from the buggy, the wheels of which
passed over him, but fortunately no
bones were broken, and after being carefully attended to for a time liv Mr. Mcintosh, of the Caledonian Hotel, Mr.
Howell was able to gut around again. A
number of people from Surrey were making anxious inquiry into the matter.
oads of lumber were
'l.e   Royal  City   Mill
TllRKE oai
ped east bv
Mn. Thomas Shannon, of Clovedalo,
was In town yesterday, and made a Hying trip to Vaueovvor.
If you want a nice fitting boot, and
great wearers, don't fall to call at Sinclair & Co.'s, as they are giving extra
bargains until thu end of this month.
The   steamer   Courser, Capt,
has been put on tliu   up-river   route to
make diurnal  trips, leaving Chllllwack
at ii a. in. and this port at 12 noon dally.
Tiik fine new Hotel Uulchon Is being
fiirnishod so as to be ready for guests exhibition week. Mr. Roos, the manager,
is sparing no cost or effort to have everything in perfect shape.
The father of ex-Alderman Calblck
died at Godorlch on Monday last, at tho
age of 80. lie was a piouoer of Huron
county. Six of his sons are residents of
British Columbia.
On   Wednesday,  the 27th    inst., the
morning before the   formal   opening 0f
the exhibition, Mayor Curtis will prose
Lieut.-Governor and Mrs. Uowdney win
an a.'dross of welcome to New Westmi
ster, on behalf of the citizens.
A very pleasant party was given by
Rev. Mr. MeElmon and Mrs. McElmon,
in the Manse at Cloverdale. on Thursday
evening. About forty friends were in
attendance, and a highly entertaining
evening was enjoyed.
Parties interested in thoroughbred
swine will note Mr. Thos. Shannon's advertisement in this issne. If Mr. Shannon succeeds as well at the coming exhibition as he has on former occasions, his
strain of Berhshires will have to be admitted the best In tho ProyUaM"-
V ��<���'SS>*a. _   ���
A.\ Ottawa despatch auj^ too uurpora-
tion of New Westminster has deposited
with the Public Works Department at
Ottawa plans showing the bridge contemplated to be constructed across the Fra-
ser River, and will ask authority from
the department within tho month.
Tkeasurkh Krug, of Seattle, who
skipped from that city with about 8200,-
000 of the public funds, and is believed
to have come to this city, has put the de-
tectivos at fault. While there is good
reason to believe that he is hiding in this
locality, all definite track of him is lost.
In the lacrosse match at Montreal, on
Wednesday, tho Victorias won an easy
victory over the Moutreals, to the great
astonishment of the 1,600 people in attendance, and Indeed ->f all eastern lacrosse players. Montreal is, In a sense,
the  home of  lacrosse, and the victory
The Reception Committee lii oonnoc
t.ion with the exhibition celebration has
been appointed by the City Council, and
Is composed of the following: The Mayor
and Aldermen, (1. E, CorbOUld, M.   I'.. .1.
C. Brown, M. I'. I'.. lion. Justice Mc-
Crolght, W. J. Armstrong, II. V, Edmonds, John Hendry, Alex. Ewen, I!.
Douglas, ,1. S. Cluie, I. Ii. Fisher, G. D.
Hryniuer, E. A. Wyld, ('. (I. Major, John
MeKiin/io, Chas. Warwick, 1>. .1. Munn,
John Wilson. John MoNab, Thos. Cunningham, J. A. Webster, M. M. English,
Geo. Kennedy, Jamos Loamy, K. R.
Glover, W. B. Towuseinl. .1. S. C. Eraser
and Peter Grant.
On Tuesday moruli)g, Mr. L. J. Colo,
of the mercantile linn of L. J. Colo &
Cooper, iCo.. was united In marriage to Miss Addle
M. Pride, daughter of Mr. W. A. Pride,
of Ash Street. The ceremony was performed by Rev. J. II. Best at the residence of the bride's father. Mr. E. L.
Webber was groomsman, and tho bridesmaids were Miss Nellie Pride and Miss
Flora Calhoun. A goodly company of
appreciative, friends sat down to the
breakfast table. The newly married
couple left for Victoria on their honeymoon trip amidst very hearty good
wishes and congratulations.
James Stansuuiiy. champion oarsman
of the world, was driving about Westminster on Thursday last. Ho came
over from Vancouver to have a look at
the Royal City and the Fraser River.
Probably Mr. Stansbury would like to
take the Frassr home with him as there
is no river like it in Australia. He is
going back to his home in New South
Wales, having failed to make a match
with Gaudaur; but lie says that if Gau-
daur likes to come to Australia he will
allow him $500 expenses and row him for
all he is worth,
On Thursday, before Stipendiary Magistrate Pittendrigh, W. II. Steves was
charged with having broken into and
stolen an organ from the house of J. M.
Donaldson, at Steveston. It was elicited
in evidence that Donaldson, acting as
sheriff's bailiff, had in hi* possession a
seized organ, and Steves, #hile Donaldson was absent from home, broke into
the latter's house and removed the instrument. The bearing of the ease occupied the whole morning, and, at its
conclusion, the court committed the defendant for trial, bail boing accepted.
A yoiino couple, John Beach, aged 24,
and Eliza J. Daniels, aged 10, arrived in
Westminster on Tuesday, from South
Vancouver, and were very anxious to be
promptly married, as they were afraid
the father of the young lady might put
in an appearance and delay the ceie-
mony. They were mistaken in the latter
point. The old gentleman did drop in
rather suddenly, but, instead of being opposed to the match, he smilingly gave
the couple his encouragement, and the
marriage was Joyously proceeded with.
The steamer Estelle, of this city,
picked up two shipwrecked Vancouver
(Correspondent Pacific Canadian.)
The recent  rains  were very untimely
for the harvest.     Mr. Jos. Shannon was
caught in the middle of his, but all the
farmers aro now into it. full tilt.
Anglers are reporting fine baskets of
trout from the Serpentine and Nlcoinokl.
Unfortunately tho season closes nu the
15th, about one month sooner than It
ought to.
The cohoe salmon are now running up
tho streams.
I hear Mr. Smith has sold his farm adjoining the town. The price is said to
lie $24,000.
Mr. John McMillan, municipal tax
collector, paid a business visit to your
city tills week. No doubt owners of land
In Surrey were just aching to see him.
Worthy citizen llrene was also in town
on Monday, buying stock for bis extending shoe business.
School teacher Matthew removed bis
family to Cloverdale on Monday, and Is
now comfortably located In bis new
home. More pupils for our flourishing
Tho school grounds here will speedily
be in line shape. A good well has just
been completed, and Mr. C. McCallum is
hard at his contract of graveling the
play grounds.
The posters are out for the Surrey Ag-
lienUural Soelclie's Exhibition, which is
to lie iii'ld here on Friday, Sept. 22nd.
It Is generally believed that tho show
will be a great success, and a large attendance of visitors from Westminster
and Vancouver Is expected. Some big
guns in the political field are to open the
exhibition with addresses. It is much
more convenient for visitors to attend on
this occasion than formerly, as the
Great Northern Railway train pulls up
just in front of the exhibition hall, and
will be regulated in time so as to accommodate the crowd.
Our athletes and sprinters are laying low for the sports on exhibition day.
and horses that arc supposed to be at all
fast may be observed occasionally mak-
making tho dust lly. Just send along
your city record-breakers, and see what
Let me say here that the Board of
Managers of the Surrey Agricultural
Society are deserving of commendation
for the interest and zeal they are displaying in tlie business placed in their hands
by the shareholders. No effort is being
spared to insure, a fine exhibit, and along
with that of a system of conducting
things that will be satisfactory to all concerned.
The good prospects of having theClover
Valley Road, from Cloverdale to tho Yale
Road crossing, put In shape for traffic, is
a source of great satisfaction to tho people in this neighborhood, and the residents of Cloverdale, especially, are very
proud of the Reeve and Council.
Mr, John Elliott, who built the Clover
Valley school house, is now at work on
the construction of a line house for Mr.
McKay, south of the Nlcomekl.
Grouse are scarce.   An occasional deer
is seen, and there are a few bears.
Cloverdale, Sept  Htb, 1893.      O. K.
won by the Victorias must be esteemed | |tea off  tho Sand heads on Thursday of
a high honor.
The next l-crosso match to decide
which of tho Westminster teams will
play In the junior tournament during
the exhibition-celebration, will be played
at Queen's Park lo-day, between the
Westminster Juniors and the Sapperton
Brunettes. Both teams are practising
hard for the event, and a good match
may be anticipated.
Mr. Wii.uam Smith, ot Clovor valley,
on Monday last, disposed of his fine
ranch of 210 acres for the handsome
sum of 824,000. This land was marsh
when Mr. Smith went upon it, seven
years ago, but Is now, undoubtedly, one
of the most profitable farms In the dis- >
trlct. On Saturday Mr. Smith also (lis-
posed of 100 acres of Pitt Meadows for j
REV, E. Hudson   Is about  to  make  a j
tour through the  Kootonay country lecturing at half  a dozen   places.    He will
then  go  on   to   Redwing, Minn , and j
afterwards to the congress of   religions1
at the World's Fair, at which he will represent  the   Ministerial   Association of
British Columbia.    He will   also   attend
the advanced prohibition  convention   In
Toronto, and other gatherings  at which
church  and social   work   will   bo   con
We do not  hold ourselve* responsible for
tbe views expressed by our correspondents.
last week. They were found clinging to
the keel of their sail boat,.and were almost exhausted.
Ir Is said that a couple of Taeoma men
aro negotiating the purchase of the
Westminster woollen mills outfit and
that the machinery will likely be in full
swing again this fall. Many farmers
will be glad to hear this.
Si'OKTSMEN report grouse scarce everywhere, and attribute tho fact to the cold
spoil of last winter. The cause is more
likely to be the cold, rainy weather of
th(! spring.
Hon. Mackenzie Howell visited this
city on Wednesday and was in attendance at a meeting of the Hoard of
Trade In regard to tariff matters.
It Is said the. frog   crop of  Pitt,
dowa  is  turning out well,   it is
reaped by a number of Italians
foreign market.
On Monday night  there   was  a  light
frost at Chllllwack.
An Anntvrvmtril   Itf. union
of   the  most esteemed Tamil
A uiieat many old friends from Surrey have been good enough to cuil upon
the editor of this paper during the week,
and   express kind wishes.    Amongst the
number wero Alex. Anderson, Arch.
Murphy, and Thos. Shannon, of Clovil
Valley; II. .1. Thrift, of lLill'.--Priiiile ;
J. I. lirenn, Win. Richmond, Jos. Shannon, A. C. Matthew and J. McMillan,
of Cloverdale ; E. T, Wade, or Surrey
Centre, and many others, whose name-;
have escaped n*.
At Tin. weekly meeting of the citizens'
celebration committee, on Wednesday
evening, a' great deal of business was
satlsfaclorlally got through with. From
all the indications It is reasonably certain that the coming exhibition and celebration will be the most successful affair
of the kind over held in B. C. A great
many new and attractive features have
been added, and Westminster Is fairly
surpassing herself in providing entertainment for all who come. Arrangements have been perfected in every
detail, and no effort has b,icn spared by
the several committees to make the exhibition of '03 one to he long remembered.
Editor Pacific Canadian:���
Sir,���I think 1 can conscientiously
say: Thank God, we .are no longer left to
the tender mercies of the Columbian, Wo
can, at least, see now the opinion of the
other side, and form our opinion of the
merits of questions discussed. There
has been so much arbitrary ono-sided-
ness displayed for years, that people are
becoming nauseated. It never was a
trait in the character of the Columhaii to
speak well of any person who did not
agree with them, and it has been a
policy of theirs to always be in opposition to the Govern ment, never counting
the loss it has occasioned this city and
district, which has Buffered from neglect
caused solely by the rabid opposition always displayed by our only paper,
backed up by our representative. Sir,
1 believe it is time for this city to study
its own interest and turn over a new
leaf, and at least he a little more reasonable in our opposition, and In justice to
put the blame of lnisguvemiuont on the
shoulders of the guilty party. Sir, there
is much the present Government is
blamed for which Is naturally the outgrowth of former governments, the evil
effects of which coining home to us now,
naturally cause us to complain, and unjustly to blame the present governing
power. As I before Bald, it Is lime for
this city to bolter look to its own Interest, of which It has been very relax,
botli In municipal and parliamentary affairs, and lilt cannot accomplish this I
wllh the present party, far bettor form
another, us I believe a hciillhv opposition can accomplish much. We have
given the present parly a patient trial,
anil got nothing, but placed ourselves In
bad odor with the Government, therefore a   party change   must   be   for   Hie
Province, i. t... Indulging in personal invective and throwing dirt at political opponents, to the neglect of tho best interests and development of the resources of
the Province, It is no advantage to the
readers of a newspaper to have a continual rehash of the failings and weakness of one and another of our public
men, and In blackguarding them and
misrepresent lug the country at large.
Prospective investors and capitalists are
not particularly impressed with the capabilities for tho profitable investment
of their money, by reading In the public
prints that'the country Is on the verge
of ruin and bankruptcy. I trust the
Pacific Canadian will pursue a policy
that will reflect credit to itself and as-;
slst ill extending and developing the immense natural resources id' the Province
so that through its Influence large mini- i
hers of settlers may lie Induced to come j
in and locale among us. There are verv ,
many opportunities for the profitable
employment of capital, Particularly is j
that so In this "Surrey of ours." The
lands arc of excellent quality, a large,
amount within easy access of the cities .
of the Province, These all have to be |
fed. Not one-twentieth of the 80,000 acres
in the corporation Is under cultivation, j
and we are importing a ruinous amount
of foodstuffs, a large proportlou of j
Which we. ought to and could raise in the j
Province. The outlook for fruit culture \
could not. be brighter than It is here, I
when Intelligently gone Into. There aro ���
many other openings that will be referral to from time to time and as occasion occurs. Possibly in opening I
should have remarked that whilst
only a small proportion of our lands
aro profitably occupied, I trust you
will not infer that Surrey is behind the
times in regard to internal development
and advantages of modern civilization.
We are not. Wo have at all events a
species of Home Rule governing the affairs of the corporation. There is an extensive road system that is being continually extended and improved. A
railway also traverses the whole length
of the district. Schools, churches, post-
olfices galore, and very many other comforts and conveniences, unknown to a
great many places. Last, but not by
any means the least, we have an Incorporated Agricultural Association, that
was gotten up a few years ago for the
advantage and to assist in the development of the district. It has been a groat
success from Its inception to the present
time. Tho annual exhibition will be
held at Cloverdale on tho 22nd of the
present month, whoti wo anticipate liav-
a grand time. There will be athetotic
sports of various kinds, for which valuable cash prizes will bo given. All entries are free in the sporting events. We
are an'.iA,is to.induce the people of the
cities ufvisit us on that date and try the
salubrity of the air and observe the geography of the district south of the Eraser
River. The cost of the trip will be but
trifling, the advantages to be derived
are Immense. The Great Northern Railway will gladly furnish the means of
coming and returning to all who wish to
avail themselves of this opportunity for
a day's outing with which maybe included the instruction and profit of seeing tbe exhibition and the fun, etc., of
the sports. Do not give it away. Mr.
Editor: We expectcto be. honored with
tho company of some of those gentlemen
who are directing the affairs or state for i
the Province, etc., etc. Yours, etc.,
Henry T. Thrift.
Hazel mere, B. C, Sept. 13. 1803.
in Vancouver
Twenty tons
islied article  are being
The new cement works
are proving satisfactory,
per day of the flu
turned out.
Rev. Father Eiiinmelin, rector of tho
Church of Our Lady of tho Rosary, is
calling for tenders for clearing ground
lu sub. 1S5, on which Is to ho erected the
new Sisters' Hospital, a structure which
will be a monument to Catholic enterprise in Vancouver
Owing to the Illness of bis father, Mr.
Chas. MeEacblan, of Messrs. Shannon &
McLaehlan, Intends returning to England. The South Vancouver Council
will thus lose an energetic member, as
Mr, McLaehlan intends to resign his
position on that Hoard, lie has also
given up the office of secretary of the
Sqnamish Valley Hop Growing Co.,
which has been taken by Mr. .1. '/.. Hall.
Father Euiuiiiclin slates that ho received a right royal reception from the
Indians at Seclielt on his recent visit.
Fur some days past the Indians had been
making elaborate prepaiations for the
event, and everything was prepared
when lie arrived there. A large platform had been erected and was beautifully decorated with flowers. On the
evening of the first day addresses of welcome were delivered by the two Chiefs,
to which Fathci'JEuuiniclin replied, and
then the ceremony of handshaking was
gone through,- as to which he was not
sorry when it was concluded, as there
were 700 Indians present, and his arm
ached not a little towards the close. The
same ceremony was repeated the night
before, their departure. Father Eum-
meliu took his phonograph with him
which greatly astonished the Indians,
one of them remarking that it was the
devil talking.
In the current issue of the B. C.
Gazette, notice Is given that application
will be made to the Legislative Assembly
of the Province of British Columbia, at
its next session, for an act Incorporating
a company to construct, equip, operate
and maintain a line of steam or electric
railway, and a telegraph or telephone
from some-point in the city of Vancouver to a point in or near the elty of New
Westminster, with power to build a
branch or branches from the main line
of the said road to a point in Hastings
townsite and In Port Moodv, and also to
some point at or near the mouth of the
Fraser river, with power to mako connection with any other lino or lines of
railway or steamship company, and to
build branches for that purpose, with
power to construct and use ferries, and
for all othor
privileges.    The name of  the  company
ltrako Vp in Disorder.
On   Tuesday evening   the  Vancouver
school trustees met for  business and Immediately proceeded to wrangle over the
chairmanship, all the members taking a
band in it.    Finally Trustee  Toinpletoii
used unparliamentary language to Trustee   Collins which   the   latter   resented,
and the offensive  remark was  promptly
repeated.    With   this,   says   the   Newt-
Advertiser, Trustee   Collins   got   up and
went round the  table  to where Trustee
Tcinpletun was   sitting   in  a   pugilistic
manner:   Tomploton  got  up  and   advanced to meet him.   The  pair  met at
, the end of   the   table   near   the vault.
Collins struck the lirst blow, but  It was
: without effect.    Teinploton   closed In on
i lilm. and several blows were exchanged.
I Then   Collins  with   main   force   threw
I'Completion on the Door, and there they
I lay lighting and kicking for some seconds before they were parted by the
amazed spectators. So furious were the
two men that It. was with trouble that
they wero parted, although It must be
slated that, the spectators were somewhat tardy In their attempts to check
them, Paper, pencils and hats were
alike strewn all over the Hour, and both
belligerents were somewhat, tbe worse
for the encounter, Aid. Collins having a
bad mark under Hie left eye.
Aid. Collins Immediately left the room
and went home. Trustee Templeton
waited a while, as though expecting
another encounter. Amongst the spectators was a woman who added to the
excitement of tho fray by loudly screaming for the police.
Tile meeting then broke up In disorder.
Rutfllde in   1 Irtorln.
A mysterious suicide is now engaging
tlie attention of the police in Victoria.
it is that of Frederick Schlldcr, who was
round In his bed at No. 155 Yates street,
Tuesday morning, In a comatose condition, as a result of having taken a dose
of morphine. Dr. Fraser was Immediately summoned, and although ho and
Dr. Frank Hall, who was afterwards
called in. did all In their power to restore
the patient, it availed nothing, and ho
died about 10 o'clock. Nothing was
found in tlie room to indicate the cause
of death, but the doctors think it was
due to morphine. No reason is givon
why the deceased should have taken his
life, for although he had not any money
he had appeared to be in good health and
Schlldcr came here about a fortnight
ago, from Seattle, with Alexander M.
Wood,   who   was    rooming    with   him.
Wood met him  In  Seattle, and having
usual powers, rights   and \ k"��.wn him .some years ago was surprised
: to find on the coast.    Schlldcr, being out
of  work,  agreed to come  to Victoria to
is to be tho Vancouver Central Railway .,,.,,���
Company;  with   headquarters   at, vaV-.'���'.;"ass for Wood, who is ar. artist, and
The old steamer Amelia is being
to pieces.
A lady, Mrs. Anna Harris, preached at
the Conteniilal Methodist Church on
tboy took the, room where the suicide occurred. Wood says they had met with
fair success here. When ho went to bod
on Tuesday night, Schlldcr had already
retired. They had a conversation, in
which Wood asked his friend what luck
1 he had had during tho day. Schllder's
reply being  that ho had not taken any
| orders, but expected a good one noxt day.
'After some general conversation they
went to sleep.   Yesterday morning Wood
New \\.
A   VulCE mOU sri/Hh'Y.
tbe Municipality oT Surrey, Is that of Mr.
Duncan Mackenzie, of clover Valley, a
I pioneer of  the district,   and, together
| with his kindly and amiable wife, known
far and wide for their hospitality anil
I many other good qiialltOS. Mr. Mac
I kenzle Is now lu his seventy-fourth year,
i and Is still as vigorous and hearty as
many men in the prime  of   life, ami his
good   lady   Is   yet  as   fresh-loiiklng as a
matron  of  forty.    On Saturday last tl.a
couple  celebrated   the   forty-first   anniversary of their wedding,   by  driving to
; Westminster and there gathering around
] them  tlie   "balms"   that   made   Joyful j Journal Is very approprlati
I their hearth  during  tlie   passing years. | will. I  am   sure, be   most
, Father and mother, three daughters and
! live sons, sat together for a photograph.
I The family circle, to be complete, lacked
| one,   the eldest son, who  is a thriving
resident of Ontario.    It Is not often that
in  the  shadow  of  declining  years  the
heads  of  a  numerous   family can have
the happiness of gathering around them
a circle of grown  sous  and  daughters,
still fond, and all esteemed and prosperous residents of their several localities.
13, I MCI.
iMil'll lit I'ACI
to Canadian:
name  cliosen
The Nanalmo Em: Prest states that Mr.
Michael Donohue, of Point Holmes, Vancouver Island, found a panther fallen
into his well on Saturday woek.
for  the new
The papor
heartily welcomed by those whoso aspirations are toward a distinctive Canadian nationality,
To a casual observer there is very little,
national feeling manifested among a
large number of our Inhabitants, or, for
that matter, the press either. With
very few exceptions the press of the
Province appears to give more prominence to events occurring across tho border to the south of us than to purely
Dominion affairs. I trust while advocating and extending the principles of
Canadian citizenship and nationality you
will maintain the l'ttcifircharacter of the
paper, and refrain from the all too common practice of the newspapers of   the
Editor Pacific Canadian:���
Sir,���I see by tlie Halifax Acadian Recorder tbat the Toronto Umpire gives fishermen in both hemispheres credit for adding largely to the wealth of the Dominion, although heavily handicapped bv
laws which bear hardly on fishermen. In
the shape of high taxes, etc. The yield
last year was about 819,000,000, not including the fish caught and used by Hie
Indians in 1!. C. Capital invested, nearly $8,000,000. Men employed, nearly
64,000. Talking of being handicapped,
there is none so hardly pressed as I!. 0.
fishermen. They must pay the high
tiirili, and an outrageous license for the
privilege of fishing, besides the crushing
freights. No fishermen on the Atlantic
aro subject to as many drawbacks as II.
0, fishermen. The llsh must pay for all.
even the removal of fish offal, the doing
of which has done fishermen more serious injury than any other law passed
and carried out. by the department in
the three previous years. Tlie offal as
deposited has caused the nets used by
fishermen to rot and become useless, before tbe season ended. Besides, the
number Jo f licenses Issued to persons who
should be disqualified bas, even in tills
year of plenty, been a serious drawback
to fishermen making even good wages.
The Dominion Government has collected
for licenses about. ��22,000, and what do
we receive in return V Arbitrary laws,
which place obstacles In the way of success. Over Sit,ono.ouo worth of lish has
been   taken   in   II. C. this season,   under
inni>y disadvantages, What might not
the Industry come to If at least some of
the disabilities were removed, such as
high tariff, freights and licenses. There
Is certainly good prospects opened to iis
by tin1 lino of steamers which run to
Australia, a place which we can depend
on taking large quantities of our lish,
and 1 am sure fishermen will avail thof '
selves of the. privilege.
New Westminster, April 12, 1808,
Victoria has been troubled lately with
boy burgulars, two of whom have been ' got up about 10 o'clock,  dressed, and
caught and are now in jail. i went  out,   Schilder  being   still  asleep.
The Protestant Orphan's Home has' About T?'',i �� returned, and found the
inst received a legacy of Sr.oo under the ' debased In the same position. He went
will of the late Mr. M. W. Waitt. I over and shook him, but l.e did not stir.
I Dr. Fraser was then summoned,  and ho
The law advisors of the Victoria City called in Dr. Frank Hall to assist, but
Council havo stated that the surface ' the efforts to save the man's life were In-
drains of the city cannot logally be used effectual. Tho room was searched yes-
for sewers. j terday  morning,  but no  bottle, or evl-
Six coal companies advertise that on dence of a drug of any kind  was found,
and after tlie 18th Inst, tlie best screened I a"d, the 4Ueatlon now Is,  if the deceased
coal will be sold for 87 per ton, and slack ! to��k. morphine, where did he get t?
at SI, cash to accompany the order. a bo8e w>"? klinw Schilder describe him
as  a  sociable chap, and one of the last
The tug Lome of Victoria has been ! in the world who would bo expected to
fined 8000 by the United Stales authorl- j take his own life. He had no nionoy,
ties for towing a tug Into Port Angeles , but was not. completely strapped, and
In breach of restrictive coasting  regula-   there does not at present seem to be any
reason for the act. An Inquest will bo
held by Dr. Basel to-day. In the meantime an autopsy is being made.
The body of W. F. Bailey, who disappeared on August 83rd, was found on
Friday morning on the beach at Henley's
Point. There aro suspicions that he
committed suicide. lie was a contracting bricklayer.
James Hunter, of Knight's Inlet, came
into Victoria a few nights  ago, with the
heads of three wolves he had shot at the ��� & Qulncy Railway, a very powerful or
Inlet. lie made the customary declara- gaiilzatlon, had been purchasing real es
atlon   and   collected   the   8,1   per  head | tate in and about this city on the quiet,
Another lenihrm/.
The Vancouver World is responsible
for the following: For some time past It
has been known that prominent persons
connected with tho Chinago, Burlington
A man named C. Cowhig fell into the
Columbia River at Golden on Monday
week and was drowned, lie Is supposed
to have been Intoxicated.
Tlie man Freeman, who was killed
near Mission City the other day by the
Upsetting of his cart, had only lately
given an acre of his land at Aldergrovo
for a cemetery, reserving one lot for
himself. His death makes Ills own the
lirst burial In tho ground gifted.
bounty allowed. Besides this, the skins
arc worth about 82.no each.
Collector Milne and Captain Gaiidin,
tlie agent of the Marine and Fisheries
Department, are not making much progress wll.ii tlie claims of seaman ami seal
hunters, having only succeeded in paying out, up to the (dose of last week,
about 88,000 of the British award of 82ft.-
(ion.  of the award of 176,000 to captains
and owners, about 870,000 has been paid,
Mr. W. J. Mageo, son of Mr. Hugh
Magoe, of tlie North Arm, died on Sunday last at the Jubilee Hospital, Victoria,
where   the  deceased   was taken ill Willi
tho diphtherial     Mr. Mageo wont down
to Victoria on mining business, and hud
only been there a few days before his
death.      lie was one  of  tlie best known
mining men lu the Province.
Collector of Customs Milne, on Wednesday, fined ('apt. J. G. Arthur, of the
Australian steamer Warrinioo, 8400 for
���arrylng Victoria freight to Vancouver
alter touching here. Collector Milne
said that the captain's act was a direct
violation of the well understood custom
law. He con v. have had an amended
manifest on application, and it was his
duty to have applied for the same.
Henceforth he would not, allow the Warrinioo to bo cleared until every scrap of
Victoria freight was landed.
Port Simpson is becoming quite a shipping port. On one afternoon there were
counted In Its spacious harbor tho
stoamors Boscowitz, Princess Louise,
Nell, Caledonia, Chieftain, C. K. Patterson, Htssler and Thistle.
Those through whom these transactions
were carried on were enjoined to obsorve
tho strictest secrecy. It is now, however, announced that this company is
heading for the coast rapidly. Construction work is now being carried on
for an entrance Into Untie and Helena,
Montana, and a service to those places
will, lu all probability, be lu operation
this fall. From those points to the
coast exploratory surveys are In progress
under a corps of engineers, who will run
a lini to the Sound, and likewise one to
Hurranl Inlet. It Is quite probable that
some place opposite this city, In North
Vancouver, will be selected as the terminal point. Those in a position to know,
aver that this move on the part of the ('.,
It. & Q, has been on the tapis for some
Thr Cholera,
London, Sept. |2. ���A death occurred
at Leicester on Sunday last, the attendant symptoms being considered suspicious by the physicians attending the
ease. An examination was made which
has resulted lu a certificate that death
was due to Asiatic cholera.
Another death from Asiatic cholera
has occurred at. Rotherhani, In the West
Hiding of Yorkshire. The physician's
roport as to the two deaths at Retford,
County of Nottingham, confirms tho
statement previously sent in these despatches that they were caused bv Asiatic cholera. A death that recently occurred at Gainsborough is now declared
to have been due to the scourge.
Lisbon, Sept. 18.���The Portuguese authorities have declared New York to bo
a cholera Infected port. ^..!*i>\\:
W     j"
After Kangaroo.
Dipping down into a wooded hollow,
we presoutly came upon a group of kangaroo, squatting on their immense hind
legs, and leaning down foeding. Directly they saw us they pricked up their
long ears and away they went, each leap
they took being longer than the last.
Among them was a very large one���six
feet high, at least, it seemed to me���and
this the black fellows singled out from
the rost, sending the dogs after him with
aery of "Soolie, soolle ! s-s-s-s soolie !"
which drove them to a pitch of excitement. The hunted kangaroo knew by
instinct that the dogs wore In pursut of
him. He looked wildly behind him for a
moment, and then took a succession of
tremendous bounds, which left his companions far behind, and gave tho impression that he would very soon put himself
out of danger. For a few miles, indeed,
neither dogs nor horses had the slightest
chance against him, and if he had kept
up his speed uniformly, he would easily
have gone away from us beyond pursuit.
Instead of that, however, he shortened
his leaps as soon as ho got a good long
start of tho dogs, and even stopped ouco
or twice to look back, renewing his flight
in a leisurely way when he saw us behind him, and only putting forth all his
jumping power when the dogs gave
tongue from tho excitement of overtaking him. He had a most curious appearance, leaping a surprising distance from
the leverage of hind legs two feet six or
threo In length below the joint, coming
down square on the legs and cloven feet
every time with his huge thick tall
stretched straight out behind, so as to
balance him exactly and enable him to
start again with scarcely a moment's
rest. Ultimately he evidently began to
realize the situation and settled down to
steady jumping In a style that CO iverted
the hunt Into a regular race for life.
This was exhilartlng, as it led along open
grass, and even a post-and-rall fence, or
two presented no obstacle to such loap-
ers as we were on, but rather added to
tho fun. The kangaroo, however, made
for covert, as soon as ho found that wo
wore gaining on him, and then the chase
became much more exciting than amusing. The pace was terrific and the trees
were so numerous that tho long slender
dogs looked almost like snakes, winding
in and out among them. As for me, iny
chief care was to guide, my horse so as
not to have my brains knocked out
against a trunk or bough���for many of
tbe trees had branches drooping to the
ground. I had never had such a ride he-
fore in my life, and, though I have had
many liko since, I never had a faster or
more thrilling one. Of courso such a
helter-skelter, headlong rush could not
last long, and without seeing far ahead
It was easy to feel that tlie speed was
slackening steadidly after tbe first twenty
or thirty minutes. Tho truth was the
kangaroo was beginning to find It too
hot for him, and as ho lessened the
length of his leaps, the dogs shortened
their spring and the horses their stride.
It was now only a question of hanging
on to the trail until the "old man" should
conclude that tho game was up. There
was no longer any chance of his getting
away. He kept on pluckily, though, for
some miles further, and took us through
a bit of half burnt scrub, which was the
worst thing we had to negotiate the
whole day. At last he leaped wearily
out into open space, and I saw that at
each leap ho nearly toppled over., and
was unable to recover himself for "a fresh
leap without an ���effort. Suddenly lie
turned and faced us, and, as the dogs
rushed at him he struck the foremost
one a blow with his horny foot that
skinied the whole side of the poor
brute's head, and sent him howling to
the ground. The others instantly had
the kangaroo by the throat, and would
have torn him to pieces, had not the
black fellows interfered with their stock
whips. Drawing their sheath knives,
they took tho hide off the kangaroo and
cut off his tail for our supper. All parts
of a kangaroo are good enough���very
like hare or small venison: but the tall
is the only part which has much meat
on it, the rest of the animal being extraordinary spare and lean. The tail is a
thick, tli-shy thing, nearly as large as a
man's leg; and, broiled on the embers lu
Its own skin, which draws off afterwards
like a glove, or made into soup or hash,
is a dish fit for a prince.
Seattle, Sept. 12.���Adolph Krug,
city treasurer of Seattle, has left the
city and when heard from late this even-
lug was at New Westminster, B. C.
Krug has been buying city warrants
with city funds, expecting to be able to
redeem them when the city sold 1800,000
lu bonds. The bonds were not sold as
he expected at the time, and Krug was
left with 8168,000 lu city warrants on
his hands. To-dav was the date for the
semi-annual examination of tlie City
Treasurer's books, anil Krug, fearing detection, lied to British Columbia. He
will be brought back. This city will
lose nothing, as the warrants can be secured and Krug's bondsmen arc solid
London, Sept. 9.���The Standard's cor
respondent at Shanghai telegraphs:
"Viceroy Chang, notorious for his hatred
of foreigners and for encouraging the
natives in the barbarious treatment of
Europeans, is reported to have addressed
a petition to tho throne openly advocating the extermination of foreigners in
China, especially the English, as necessary to prevent the eventual partition of
China among European powers. The
hostility to foreigners in the provinces Is
The Vernon public school has  now 7?
children enrolled in its two divisions.
Sharks in the English Channel.
A corresponhent writes from Cornwall
to the London Timet to convey tho
rather startling intelligence that the
waters of the western portion of the
English Channel abound this summer
with sharks of such size as to rendor
them dangerous to human life. "Both
professional and amateur sea fishermen,"
he says, "can bear testimony to the presence of theso unwelcome visitors. As I
writo, the pilchard divers on the quay
are repairing the rents made by sharks
biting away the meshed fish together
with the net that held them. Last week
three out of four lines that I had down
for whiting were carried away, but I
caught tho depredator���a share five feet
long���and recovered the gear. One pilchard boat alone caught six of theso lish,
another four, and all Buffered by damage,
to nets and gear. Two of the sharks
hauled up alongside exceeded nine feet
in length, and a larger lish carried away
.'in fathoms of line. All this happened
within two miles of the coast. Having
lived for years on the shores of a shark-
infested sea, and knowing that monsters
of this size are dangerous to life and,
limb, 1 trouble you with this letter In
order that bathers���between Plymouth
and Falmouth at least���may take warning and avoid a real and serious risk."
Paris. Sept. 18.���M. Charles de Los-
seps, who was released from prison yesterday, after having served about six
months of the sentence Imposed upon him
for bribing M.  Bablut, ex-Mlnlstor or
Public Works, to vote for the Panama
Canal lottery bond bill, said he would
rest a while at Lachesuase, his father's
residence. When his health is recuperated, he will devote himself lo the management of the Suez Canal Company, of
Which he is a director. De Losieps added that the English were altogether loo
eager to monopolize I lie direction of the
Suiiz Canal
London, Sept. 18.���The regatta committee has awarded the Prince of Walos'
yacht, the itrittanla, the victory lu yesterday's race for the Cape May Cup.
The Britannia was over the Hue when
the starling shot was IIred, and her triumph was protested by Mr. Carroll, the
owner of the Nil valine. An allowance In
time was made by the judges and the
victory was awarded to the llrltannia
by 2'.; seconds.
that the, national finances are in a less
complicated state, the admitted importance of the object to the country will
effect any change in the attitude of congress.���Bradstreel't.
Hiram F. Smith, pioneer of the American Okanogan country, and known
everywhere as Okanogan Smith, died In
Seattle on Saturday evening. He was
one of the oldest and best known men on
the Pacific coast.
Why Women Live Longer than Men.
In the forty-ninth registration report
of Massachusetts (1890) the compiler presents the statistics of 203 persons who
were reported as having died during the
ten years (1881-90) at tho ago of one
hundred and over. Of this number Ift.1,
or "ft.4 per cont wero females. (Hy the
State census of 188ft tho number of females living ovor eighty yearsof ago was
nearly double that of males.) The greater exposure of men to accidents, to
weather agencies, to the constant strain
of business life, to tho anxiety of providing for tho family, all tend to shorten the
lifo of men. Tho deaths by accident
among men aro moro than three-fold
greater than among women, and men
commit suicido in about a three-fold
ratio as compared with women.���Medical
Nicaragua Canal Insoleent.
The events of the past six months have
hardened the public to announcements
that corporations of every kind are in
financial difficulties, and that the courts
have been called upon to appoint receivers therefor. Tho latter class of occurrences seem, Indeed, to be regarded
In a new light. Normally an evidence
and consequence of disaster, the present
exceptional position of general business
and of the money market has rendered
an appeal to the protection of the court
a favorite method of preserving the Integrity of a corporation's estate, and protecting both security holders and creditors. Such being the general position,
the announcement that the Nicaragua
Canal Construction Company has suc-
Bumbod, and, having defaulted on its
maturing obligations, has been placed lu
the hands of a receiver, is naturally regarded as a more incident, and only as
another item lu the long list of similar
occurrences. Tho fact that the enterprise in question has been devoid of speculative features, and has been known to
be In unprosperous circumstances for
some time, is a further element In Hie
case, although the fact that it may involve the future of an enterprise of national importance, renders the circumstances, and their possible effects, worthy
of examination.
The. Nicaragura Canal Construction
Company Is separate from tliu Maritime
Canal Company of Nicaragua. The latter, Incorporated by act of congress, is
the owner of the concessions from tlie
government of Nicaragua, and the bene-
licary of tho various conformatory powers and treaty obligations given by the
United States and Nicaragua. The Construction Company, under contract with
the .Maritime Canal Company, has engaged to construct and complete the
canal, receiving In payment, therefor the
Obllgatlans of the canal company proper.
It will be seen that the canal company
ilself is not directly affected by the present rociorvcrship, and that the latter
event, while a blow to the progress of
the enterprise, affects none of the rights
of the concessionary.
While the Immediate cause of the receivership was the failure to secure
funds with which to pay small iinmedl-
late demands, It had been well understood that a result of this kind was not
unlikely. The construction company, It
Ig believed, has expended about 80.000,-
ooo upon the canal works, mainly in preliminaries to the heavy part of the undertaking. At the same time the building of a harbor at Qroytown, and the
work of dredging the lirst SOCtlOU of the
canal had made considerable advance up
lo January 1st, when,   it,  Is  stated,   the
lack of funds and the Impossibility of
securing aid, ellher from congress or
from the cieoperallon of capital in the
Undertaking, caused a curtailment of
active operations on Hie Hue of the canal,
followed within a short time hy a complete luspenslon of the work. A floating
debt of about, 1800,000 made an appeal lo
the stockholders necessary, but under
the existing financial strain no arrangement of thai kind could be carried out,
the action being, as In many oilier cases,
a Joint proceeding on the part of the
company ��u<l "S creditors.
The probable Influence of this failure
on the future of the canal is difficult to
estimate.   The Influence of the Panama
fiasco has been sulliccutlo head off European capital from the Nicaragua!! enterprise, and II, has been the misfortune of
ex-Senator Miller and his associates In
the management that their efforts to
build the cadal with American capital
have  coincided   with   a   period   during
Four Italians at Mount Vernon, N.Y.,
and two at New York are dead from eating toadstools In mistake for mushrooms.
The former gathered them themselves,
the latter bought them from a pedlar.
James Smith, aMellta, Manitoba farmer, was killed by falling from a load of
hay.   He belonged to Milverton, Out.
The residence of Rev. J. W. Hamilton,
Methodist missionary at Saltcoats, Manitoba, was struck by lightning and burned
to the ground.
The Trade and Commerce department
aro ad/isod that the barley crop will bo
short. There is lidely to be a good demand on Canadian barley.
Montreal, Sept. 18.���The Montreal
Presbytery last night found Prof. Campbell guilty on tho first count of the libel
for heresy by a vote of 21 to 12.
The Conservatives will organize a
grand demonstration in honor of Sir John
Thomson and Sir Charles Hibbert Tup-
per on their visit to Nova Scotia.
The Earl of Aberdeen is expected to
reach Canada on Sept. 17th. tie will be
met at Quebec by the Premier and several of the Cabinet, and will be sworn lu
The Rev. Arthur II. Manning, of
Queen's College. Cambridge, the curate
of St. James' Cathedral, has resigned to
accept a similar position at St. Luke's
Church, Toronto.
There Is trouble in the linn of Cooper
��fe Smith,iniinfactiirers of boots and shoes,
Toronto, and the firm may go under. The
trouble arose through the Junior partner,
Smith, overdrawing his account to the
amount of 870,000,
IIalifx, N. S., Sept. 13.���Thomas McCoy, aged 45, in a drunken light with
Paul White, aged 24, smashed in the hitter's skull with an axe. McCoy is held
for mauslatigtcr.
Toronto, Sept. PL���Mary Brltton,
widow, aged 00, was run down by a trolley car, on King Street, West. Her legs
were so badly crushed that they had to
be amputated. She is still living, but
there is no hopes of her recovery.
Toronto, Sept. 8.���William Outhwaith,
plasterer, and James Carr, farmer, Shel-
biirne, came to this city to see tho Exhibition. Thoy stopped at Peacock's Hotel,
blew out the gas, and lu the morning
Outbwaito was found dead and Carr unconscious.
Tho Finance Department has made up
a final statement of roveuue and expenditure on account of the last fiscal
year. The revenuo is 838,131,707; expenditure, 830.74ft.121; surplus, 81,308,-
580, or about 8130,000 higher than estimated by the Finance Minister.
The Department of fisheries is advised
that tho total pack of the Eraser River
cantiers this year amounts to the enormous total of 20,500,000 one pound tins,
or in other words 425,200 cases of 48 cans
each. The weight of this enormous pack
aggregates over 10,000 tons.
The Hamilton Bridge Company are the
lowest tenderers for the Sault Canal
gates. Their bid is so low that they are
reluctant to sign the contract. If thoy
decline, Ryan & llaney will get the contract, they being second. It Is valued
at about $75,000.
Mr. Lefebvre, of Montreal, had an Interview with tho acting Commissioner of
Customs recently, relative to the Importation in bond ot machinery for manufacturing sugar from beetroot. Mr.
Lefebvre wants to start up a factory at
Farnhani, and, if successful In a few
months, he will then willingly pav the
duty. If It does not turn out a succcess,
lie would send tho machinery out of tho
Vkrnon, B. C, Sept. 9.���Win. Spauld-
ing, of Dundee, Scotland, aged 30, who
was manager of Sir Lester Kaye's farm
lu the Northwest, and who has been
looking over the country with a view to
purchasing land, opened the cellar door
of the Kalenialka hotel by mistake, last
night, and fell In head first. Ho must
have struck the bottom with fearful
force, being a heavy man. When found
teu minutes later he was dead, concussion of the bruin being the cause. An
inquest will bo hold to-day. Deceased
was a general favorite.
WINNIPEG, Sept. 8.���Tlie bye-election
for Brandon Olty, to-day, resulted In tho
election of Mr. Charles Adams, the
Oreenway Government candidate, by a
majority of 30. The vacancy was caused
by the unseating of Mr. W. A. MacDon-
ald, the Conservative, and leader of the
local Opposition. Mr. MacDonald Was
again the candidate to-day. Ills majority
at the last election was 12. This Is the
first bye-election since the general election In 1892, when the (ireonway (iov-
eriimunt was returned to power by a
sweeping majority, and there was
great Interest in  the event.
The Doiiilnioui (lovernmeut lias refused to ratify the agreement entered
into   with   the  steamship  and  railway
transportation companies, by which it
was   proposed   that  an  officer of  the
American llovcrninent should be stationed at, Quebec to Inspect all Immigrants passing through en route to the
rolled States, to save the trouble and
delay of Inspecting at the boundary line.
The proposed arrangement had two objects lu view���the one to meet the re-
qulreineiltl of the alien labor law, and
, the other to ensure a rigid quarantine
Impaction, the Immigrant! passing Inspection tube furnished at Quebec with
a    cerlllleate,  or   passport,   which,   on
presentation, would onablo them to puss
Into tin United States without further
delay at the International boundary.
A great Liberal demonstration was held
at Shubieiueiidie to-day. Special trains
were run from Halifax and Truro, ami
the attendance numborod several tbous-
1 and.     Speeches  were made hy the Hon.
! A.    (1.    J s,   ex-Minister   of   Militia;
I Premier  Plelding,   lion.   L.   II.  Davles,
I leader of the maritime Liberals; D. C
Eraser, M. P. for (Iiiysborougli; and Dr.
Borden, M.p. for King's. These gentlemen are all excellent stump speakers,
similar demonstrations are to bo held
this week and next week at Weymouth,
Harrington, Liverpool and other portions
which no undertaklngnf sucli magnitude j of the western counties.    Premier Field
could hope to attract the necessary pub-1 Ing is taking an   active part lu the Lib
lie support,, unless the aid or guarantee
of the government were extended to it.
Sentiment has, on the whole, been unfavorable to the latter method of completing the work, and It remains to he
seen   whether  in  tliu future, assuming
oral campaign, and it is understood that
he will he a candidate for the Dominion
Commons at the next election, and lu
case of a change of (loverumout he will
enter the new cabinet as the Liberal
leader for Nova Scotia.
Have Decided to Remain.
Mr. D'oherty retires about Janury 1st, Mr. Campbell will continue the business.    Although
times are hard, we are doing by far the
largest  Tailoring Business in the
Province, Employing at present
-   -   -   17 hands.   -   -   -
A Few Reasons Why we do the Lariest Business.
ist. We give Satisfaction in Make and Fit; there is an
artistic get up about our suits and people know it.
2nd. Although we have the finest store (consequently
high rent) and pay the highest wages,
We Sell the Cheapest.
You say, How is this. The secret is we turn out 20 suits
where others only turn out 4. If we made half the profit the
others do we make more than double the money.
20 Suits, $5.00 profit on each suit would GeSlUL
4 Suits, $10.00 profit on each  suit would be     40.
Balance to our credit
We are making all wool good business suits for $16.00.
Irish Serge, blue and black for $18.00 and $20.00. Fine
Black Worsted suits for $25.00. Pants for $4.50, fine black
pants for $5.75.    Overcoats for $16.00,  extra quality $20.00.
We also keep on hand a select line  of  Ready Made Clothing���None but first-class of its kind   ,but we would advise all
who want a suit never to invest in ready made clothing when
you can get a suit to order for  $16.00  and  a  good  overcoat,
for $16.00.
You will find us in the Curtis Block.
City of New Wenlui luster. NEW   WESTMINSTER,   BRITISH   COLUMBIA,   SEPT.   16,   1893.
Is the Cheapest Newspaper published in
British Columbia.
\W    ONLY
This is a price that suits the times, and no home
need be without a good Home Paper.
Will find the Pacific Canadian the best medium to
reach the Public, as the Low Price, backed by earnest
friends in all parts of the Province, will insure a wide
circulation in every district.
It is the especial aim of the  Publishers- to  make the
Pacific Canadian
That will go into the homes of the Province, clean, pure,
and healthy in tone, and with reading matter to suit the
tastes oi old and young, so as to be a delight to the circle
around the hearth.
Constantly on Hand an Extensive Stock of
Uroccrles, Flour and Feed, Dry Goods, BoolY, and Shoes, Hats and
runs, Crockery, Glassware, Ktc.
Mbii'b and Boys' Suits.   Great Variety of Household Artieles,   Also Grain, Seeds,
Potatoes, and General Stores.
N.B.���Farm Produce bought at market rates or sold on eomir ��� olon.   Orders from the
Interior promptly attended to.
Subscribe for a Year, and learn how much pleasure you can
bring home for $i.
The Pacific Canadian,
Orders   by   Mail   Receive
Prompt Attention.
London, Sept. 8.���Although It was
generally understood that the House of
Lords would reject the Homo Rule Bill
to-night, the House did not All up till
after the dinner hour, popular Interest
centering in the speech of the Marquis
of Salisbury, who was not expected to
rise until towards midnight. In the
meantime, Lord Halsbury, Lord Iler-
schell, Lord Monkswell and the Bi��hop
of Ripon had spoken to half empty
benches. After 9 o'clock, tho scene outside and Inside the House livened up as
members and visitors began streaming
in. The peeresses', strangers' and diplomatic galleries showed few vacant seats.
Conspicuously occupying a portion of
the area of the House were twenty-two
bishops, attired in their robes with lawn
sleeves. The Archbishop of Canterbury,
the Bishop of London, the Bishop of Oxford, and every notable church dlgnitarv,
were present. Members of the House of
Commons crowded the recesses and standing room around the Throne. The lobbies held so many people that they wore
impassable until tho police received orders to clear them. Outside of tho Parliament houses, organized bauds from
Conservative worklngmen's clubs, sped,
ally formed to Incite a Jubilant demonstration on the rejection of the Home
Iiuin Bill, began to assemble at 10 o'clock-
Some hint of their intention having
reached the Radical worklnginnn's clubs,
and the Irish societies, small detachment of these soon appeared on the
sceno. As a brnwl was feared, the police,
having boon reinforced, broke up tlie
different groups, and kept them moving.
Many of the Tory clubsmen, finding their
ovation scheino baulked, then cleared
off, and the crowd outside diminished as
time passed without the announcement
of a division. Tho debate in the House
reached the acme of dullness in Karl
Morley's maunderings against the Bill.
A number of other peers were on the roll
to speak, but a sense of weariness af-
fecLud 'hem, as well as tho House generally.
So Lord Salisbury, seizing a chance,
during " momentary pause, rose at 10:30
o'clock, amid rapturous cheers, and began his speech. Lord Salisbury said he
felt that there was some satisfaction In
occupying the position he occupied, that
of tho lust person to speak against Home
Rule in the course of the present session.
But although it was a position of much
distinction, it had many incovoniences.
In particular ho found that the debate
had already been so fully occupied, that
there was little new left for him to say.
Throughout the debate the one question
constantly present in his mind was: Why
had the Government Introduced such a
Bill ? On this point the House had received no sufficient enlightenment. Some
peers, who had defended tho Bill, had
made able speeches, without much refor-
erence to the real nature of the Bill. The
Lord Chancellor had virtuallytold them
that he did not quite believe with the
Government on one subject, that In dealing with the retention of the Irish members at Westminstor, which was an outrage on England, so enormous and so
grotesque, that it was a surprise that
It had ever found a place in tlie proposal
emanating from a responsible Government. The Lord Chancellor had declared
thr.t hn was not Inclined to associate
himself with so desperate a clause, but
would prefer some other arrangement.
Then ir. dealing with tho abandoment
of the landlords, the Lord Chancellor
had admitted that their late would be
terrible, but said that they had brought
i. on themselves. Finally tho Lord Chancellor had linished his account of his
mi intellectual position by protesting
with a vigor thoroughly sincere, against
anybody desiring to know tho real opinion of any Cabinet niembor upon a Cabinet Bill. The Secretary of Foreign Af-
fafif. (Lrrd Rosebery), also had avoided
the burning subject underlaying the
Government's policy. Tho problem which
the Foreign Secretary seemed to have set
himself to solve was in an hour's speech
to avoid giving pledges that might be
Inconvenient in the future; and ho had
solved the problem with absolute success. (Laughter.) The Foreign Secretary had surrounded the dawn of the history of Mr. Gladstone's Home Rule In
1885, with a brilliant atmosphere of legend that would doubtless delight poetic
critics in the future. He had Implied
that in 1885 the Conservatives had sud-
dtnly erupted the current of coercive
legislation, and had taken the ground
f om under the feet of the Liberals, rendering it impossible for them to assume
that policy in the future. But In Juno,
1885, when tho division was taken that
terminated the existence of the then Lib-
oral Government, they had not produced
a single clause reviving or perpetuating
coerclo'.i. During the short subsequent
poriod in which the Conservatives had
held office, their Intention was announced
to strengthen the T ish Criminal Law.
Those, therefore, who had professed a
change of opinion because the Conservatives had not been sufficiently prompt In
enforcing the Criminal Law had made
most miserable excuses. Much had been
said of the benefits of autonomous government, but there had not been for a
ci i tury a statesman bold enough to pro-
poBO that an autonomous colony should
send s.i members to tho Imperial Parliament, representing no Interest in England, lieu ',nund by no responsibility with
respect to th" possible application of laws
that Parliament passed, The absurdity
ot such a position was enough lo send a
man to Bedlam. 'low could they get
rid of Irish question.- lu the presence of
90 members SCOkil o make themselves
marketable wares ' negotiations with
the ministers'.' Would these men, sent
by Archbishop Walsh, be quint on questions of religion and education V What
appeared to shine visibly through all the
arguments was that Home Rule was a
po Icy of despair, the Liberals having
said: You have failed, wo do not know
how to succeed, but we will try something that nobody has tried before."
What moral or political right had any
government to embark on such an nx-
porlnienti.l pol'cy lu Ireland, divided to
her base bv p-iity i > ifllcts, which during
seven eontu'i s English rule had Increased rather tha u diminished? Representative Govoriiiiu , t never nourished on a
soil whore homogeneity was wanting.
This policy would bo madness in dealing
with ordinary men, and more than madness In dealing with i race that lor centuries had hated England
L.ird Salisbury reminded tho House of
the opinion the country held before this
terrible change occurred, when tho Liberal party was solely in the hands of
Liberal politicians sir..', not in the hands
of deserters. Then, ho said, however
much they might nave disagreed on local
and Internal questions, he felt sure that
on all Imperial questions their hearts had
beaten true to the Empire as had the
hearts of the Conservatives. Macaulay,
when he sat with the Liberals and Gladstone, when ho sat with the Conservatives (Laughter), had said that they
would regard the repeal of the Union as
fatal to thomselves and would never consent to It. If England had told their
lordships that she wanted this horror the
case might havo boon different, but he
believed that to be impossible. As long
as England was true to herself, she
would never allow this atrocious dismemberment, this treachery, this revolution. Their lordships would be untrue to
tho duty which devolved upon thorn from
a splendid ancestry, and untrue to their
highest traditions it they failed to reject
the Bill.    (Loud cheers.)
Lord Salisbury spoke for an hour anl
a quarter. Ills conclusion was marked
by quiet eloquence. Some signs of waning vigor were noticed In him, but those
are in part at least attributed to tho oppressive heat in the chamber.
The Earl of Klmberlcy, the Lord President of the Council, and the Secretary of
State for India, briefly replied to Lord
The Lord Chancellor then put the motion for tho second reading of tliu Bill.
lie caused some merriment by crying:
"I think the 'contents' have It." Very
loud and determined was the rival cry:
"The ' non-contents' have it." The House
divided at midnight and the result wus
the rejection of the motion by a vote 01
���110 to 41.
English Miners.
London, Sept. 11,���Maddened by troops
killing their comrades the striking coal
miners have now assumed a more threatening attitude, and very serious trouble
Is apprehended. At Nottingham the
strikers saturated throe coal cars with
tar and paralinn, sot them ablaze down
an Incline toward tho pit entrance, and
severely stoned tho police who endeavored to prevent the outrage. They dispersed only after a desperate struggle.
In view of the serious outlook a detachment of a Northern regiment has been
dispatched lo the Midlands, and a Suffolk regiment and a force of cavalry aro
held In readiness to go at a momoiit's
Lord Inasham's colliery, near Ponte-
fract. was so badly wrecked that It will
require at least throe wooks to repair It.
The shooting there by troops of eight
rioters, two of whom havo since died,
has caused much commotion among tho
strikers, who are gathering from all
points, vowing vongoance. From different sections of Yorkshire come reports
that tho striking miners are rioting and
destroying the property of their employers. Troops have been sent to all sections where there aro troublosoccurring.
The people are much alarmed. Thousands of pounds of damage has already
been done, and the work of distinction
continues. Shops and saloons are being
pillaged and crops destroyed.
On the other hand 90,000 Welsh miners
have resumed work, and it is hoped their
action may have a beneficial effect upon
the English miners, who are now in a
stale of extreme excitement. The North
Staffordshire miners have also agreed
to resume work at the old wages. There
is great distress ���.inong the miners at
Derbyshire. The men there are literally
The minors of North Staffordshire
havo returned to work at the old wages.
An effort in the House of Commons to
bring about a discussion of tho coal miners' riots, was pronounced by the Home
Secretary as premature, and was not successful.
Uoie an Oyster Grows.
The oyster at the commencement of Its
career is so small that 2,000,000 would
only occupy a square inch. In six
months each Individual oyster is large
euough to cover half-a-crown, and in
twelve month a crown piece. The oyster is its own architect, and the shell
grows as tho fish Inside grows, being
never too small. It also bears its age
upon Its back, and it is as easy to tell the
age of an oyster by looking at its shell as
it is that of horses by'looking at their
teeth. Everyone who has handled an
oyster-shell must have noticed the successive layers overlapping each other.
These are technically termed shoots, and
eacli one marks a year's growth, so that
by counting them the age of the oyster
can be determined. Up to the time of
its maturity���that is, when four years of
age���their shoot are regular and successive, but after that time they become irregular, and are piled one upon another,
so that the shell becomes bulky and
thickened. Fossil oysters have been seen
of which each shell was 0 Inches thick,
whence they may be guessed to bo
more than 000 years old. One or two
million oysters are produced from a
single parent, and their scarcity may be
accounted for by the fact that man Is
not the only oyster eating animal. The
Star-fish loves the oyster, and preys upon it unceasingly. A variety of whelk
Is also very fond of young oysters, to get
which It bores right through the shell
and sucks the fish up through the hole
thus made. 	
The Attnoaphero of Stellar Spaee.
Not only are the planets moving
through the planetary space, but the
sun and all Its space are moving through
the' interstellar satelltes. Astronomers
are agreed that we are moving, but tho
direction of the movement is much better
known that the pace. The rate is sometimes set down at about ill) miles a second; certainly not an extravagant estimate. But at liny rute wo are going,
and leaving tho Interplanetary atmosphere, or some of It, behind. Bvon If
the solar system had no such motion,
the process of dill"' inn must gradually
carry the Interplanetary atmosphere
into regions 1, lynnd, and, unless this diffusion wore compensated by accession of
air from wl ,hout, tho planets must
gradually lose their atmospheres until
the loss be stopped by tho cooling effect
resu ting from tho loss of their quickest
particles. After countless ages wo have
manifestly not reached that stage, so wo
must conclude that interstellar space is
pervaded by an atmosphere, though It
be of very great tenuity.
The Inspector of Penitentiaries states
that there are fe"wcr prisoners by one
hundred in Kingston Penitentiary, than
at any time during a score of years.
One reason given for this is tho fact that
most of the plckpockots and light lingered gentry of the Contiubiit have this
year mane a prolonged business visit to
Chicago and the World's Fair, whore
they have found mauy victims, NEW   WESTMINSTER,   BRITISH   COLUMBIA,   SEPT.    16,   1893.
(Directly lu rear of Bank of Montreal.)
Subscription, $1.00 per annum, in advance
Transient Advertisments���Ton cents per
line, fur each insertion. All transient
advertisements to bo measured as solid
nouparlel���12 lines to the Inch.
Commercial Advertisements���In displayed
type: Special rates, made known on application.
Professional and Business Cards���Hot to
occupy a space of more than one Inch, and
set solid in uniform style, 11.86 per month,
or by yearly contract, $12.00.
Smalt. Advertisements of Wants, Lost,
Found, etc., of not more than one Inch
space, $1.00 for three insertions.
Keaiiinii Notices���20 cents per line, each Insertion, unless otherwise contracted for.
Births, Marriaoes and DEATns���50 cents.
New Westminster, B.C.
|feu/ U/estmirjster, Sept. 16, '93
In choosing the above title for this
Journal, the publishers had it in view to
select a name in some measure characteristic of the publication. Oddly enough,
tho newspapers of this Province aro almost all conducted by gentlemen whose
sympathies are either purely Provincial
or elso pass beyond Canada and centre lu
those islands of the sea that some millions of people on this continent are
proud to call the "Mother Countrv."
This statement is not made In any spirit
of ill-nature or ovon of fault-finding.
Newspapers are toned to their constituencies, and we readily confess that
there aro writers on the Press of British
Columbia whoso talents we greatly admire. None the less, there Is a lacking
of appreciation of Canadian methods and
Canadian sentiments that is noticeable
to the newer population of the Pacific
Province. Few people can throw off the
prejudices of birth and early training,
and, indeed, as regards nativity, few
want to, for patriotism Is measurably an
The true sous of Canada feel quite as
fond of their native laud as do the children of Albion, Scotia, or Erin. Of course
Canada Is young and crude, but that will
pass away; and though Canadians may
not boast a long record of ancient and
present glories, still they are not without some pride of record in war and
peace. The path of national glory leads
up, usually, from tho carnage of the
battle field, and Canada may well be
pleased to offset glory with substantial
happiness in generous measure.
The fertile territory of Canada is
large enough to contain and fcod a dozen mighty nations. The natural resources of tho Dominion are sufficient to
enrich a continent. The system of Government is the freest on earth. The
laws are tho product of wisdom, and are
administered without fear or favor by a
Judiciary that has deservedly earned and
Justly holds tho esteem and respect of
the Canadian public, and tho admiration
of other publics. The children of the
soil are trained in resource from tho
cradle up, and shoulder to shoulder
know no superiors anywhere, and aro at
a premium in other countries for positions of responsibility. These are Qualifications that should make a great nation,���and they will. Only, no undue
And so the paper has been named the
Pacific Canadian, and It goes to tbe
public avowing that its chief interest Is
In Canada and Canada's welfare. We
have a clear sense that our opinion on
current transactions in the old country
for instance, would not carry very great
weight. Wo are even of opinion that If
all the newspapers of the Dominion,
backed by the whole power of all tho
Legislatures, wore to declaro solidly for
or against, say the Home Rule Bill, it
would not vury astoiindingly affect tho
progress of that measure. Therefore we
will not weary our readers with disquisitions that accomplish no more than to
make people tired. We will supply the
news, and our readers can make their
own comments. This Is not to say,
though, that this Journal will have no
opinion to offer on British and foreign
affairs. We shall use our discretion in
that regard, and will not ho fearful of
making greater blunders than British
Journals occasionally tumble Into when
dISCUBlIng passing events on this continent.
Columbian may bo to its friends and supporters, it is certain that a very largo
number of residents consider themselves
aggrieved by that Journal, and are very
much opposed to Its policy. Hence this
new publication. The large section of
the community to which we have referred, feeling themselves entirely unrepresentative by the established journal,
opened negotiations for the printing of a
paper that would In some moasuro be a
mouthpiece for them, and the result is
the founding of the Pacific Canadian,
a journal quite as free as any newspaper
needs to be, the organ of no man or sot
of men, but the advocate, as well as may
bo, of a large public opinion affecting
both Provincial and civic affairs.
In deciding to limit tho journal to a
weekly publication for tho presont time,
tho publishers have duly considered tho
financial strain of the times and do not
feel Justified In venturing the unavoidably heavy expense? of a daily Issue at a
time when all business men complain
somewhat of a contraction of trade. It
is trui' wo are thus put at disadvantage
in competing for a city subscription list,
but In the rural districts wo have a fair
Hold and have good confidence that we
will get a liberal patronage. Meantime
our office is very thoroughly equipped
with all the requirements for a first-class
morning paper, and when the present
monetary depression passos away, as
there Is every reason to believe It will
before long, tho Pacific Canadian will
take the daily field with good confidence,
and will earnestly strive to satisfactorily
serve Its constituency.
There probably Is  not on   the American continent a town of  the size of New
Westminster Journalistically represented
by one newspaper only, ami It Is I'eiillv
strange that so fair a business opening
remained soloug unoccupied. Of course,
tho Columbian, which we esteem an excellent newspaper, bus served the city
well from Its point of view, and being
long established, wus, and Is, a strong
business competitor for a new venture
to contend with. Still we hope to get
our share of patronage, and we aro
quite sure that tho people of Westminster will agree tbat tho publication here
of another journal will be a benefit to
the city. Men's minds are differently
constituted, and there are two sides to
all questions, especially touching public,
matters. No one newspaper can be in
sympathy with the whole of oven a
small community, much less a population so considerable as there is here, and
however  satisfactory the policy of   the
It has long been deemed tho proper thing for a political candidate, in presenting himself for the favor of a
constituency, to offer for the approval of
the electorate a more or less elaborate
statement of proposed policy. The custom has likewise been followed by public journals, and Is certainly judicious, If
tberc Is an intent to criticise measures
regarding which there may be grave differences of opinion, a condition that constantly attaches to political questions in
'a free and enlightened country. Certainly the Pacific Canadian intends to
havo a voice in the discussion of matters
of public policy as the occasion may call,
and In order that future readers may
not have ground of complaint against
our presentment hereafter of public issues, we aro pleased to submit the following as fairly covering the line of
policy upon which this paper asks tho
patronage of the peoploof this Province.
In Dominion politics, this journal accepts party government as being as satisfactory a system as any likely to be devised, and sees in the existing party
organizations, a perfoctly natural, and
therefore desirable, division of political
sentimont. It Is true, tho titles of Conservative and Reform are somewhat
anomalous, and are no way descriptive
of modes of thought or of action, for
within tho last twenty years Canadians
have witnessed a Reform administration
weakly Conservative, and a Conservative
ministry strongly Reform. Still the
titles are familiar from the Atlantic to
the Pacific, and are applied without confusion to tho great parties that are controlling the destinies of half the American continent. The history of the Dominion Is almost a history of Conservative
administration, thoroughly capable and
abundantly progressive. The Pacific
Canadian will give tho Conservative
party a cordial, but not a slavish, support.
Inasmuch as tho political standing of
Canada has of late been the subject of
discussion, it may be well for this journal
10 place itself upon record in regard to
that momentous question. The first
consideration Is the good of this laud of
Canada, and there nowhere appears any
sufficient ground for important change.
No people in the world are blessed with
greater political freedom, or more
economical political administration than
Canadians may truthfully boast of. If
tho bond that holds tho sons of Canada
to that loved land of their fathers, In
whoso glories Canadians share by inheritance, wore one of power thatchaffed
and fretted, re-arrungeiiieut might bo
Warranted) but It Is not so: the bond Is
of good-will, and sits looselv and kindly,
easy to throw off, but strong to support
and protect. Canada Is at this hour an
Independent nation In all essentials, enjoying every llberly of sclf-governmenl.
and In all regards so happily placed that
any change lu political connection at
j this Juncture would have the appearance
I of reckless experiment. These sentiments are dictated by n loyally that pays
, first tribute   to ''iiuuila, and that would
! not hesitate at any readjustment that
would add to the well-being   of   the people of this Dominion.
In Provincial  politics, the  people of
British Columbia have undoubtedly acted
wisely in tabooing the  Introduction of
means to overcome them if unhappily
engendered. Undoubtedly there Is
usually great difference of opinion as to
what constitutes an abuse, but no great
wrong can bo imposed upon tho Province,
so long as tho people hold the right to
freely pass upon all such questions at
the polls. In a short timo the exercise
of this right will bo In the hands ef the
electors. The present Legislative Assembly meets once more and thon dissolves by expiration of term, and representatives will have to be again chosen.
At tho next session of the Legislature
tho duty will devolve upon tho members,
before being dismissed, of re-arranging
the constituencies so as to bo more in accord with the present distribution of
population, which has largely increased
on tho mainland. This done, no abuse
can exist that does not rest entirely in
the hands of tho people to correct, and
the minority of opinion, whichever way
It may bo, must adapt Itself to the will
of the majority. It Is the lirst duty of
every good citizen to support the constitution, for If that safeguard be destroyed, the shadow of anarchy Is on
our homes. If a large public expenditure In a time of severe financial depression bo an evil. It Is assuredly a greater
ovll to attempt correction hy overturning established constitutional order,
It Is probably not neeessary to refer at
length to social and economic subjects,
tho merits of which largely depend on
attending circumstances. Certainly the
labor question Is rapidly developing info
one of great Importance. Everywhere
the working man Is asserting himself,
and not always wisely, lie Is catered to
by politicians, and draws .support from
all ranks of society, for the sentiment of
human brotherhood grows upaco. It Is
so easy to "go with the crowd," and so
pleasant In many ways to champion the
cause of labor, that it Is constantly requiring increased courage to bo just to
the employing classos. This journal
will ondeavor to bo Just according to its
Lastly, It will be tho policy of the
Pacific Canadian to strivo for truthfulness and reliability, and to be fair and
courteous to those who differ with it In
j Dominion party lines In the discussion
and transaction of tho governmental
business of the Province.    Local  affairs
; should be conducted on local merits, and
there being no Conservative  or  Liberal
' issues, an entanglement with  Dominion
1 political machinery could hardly fail of
being hurtful.
British Columbia, like her sister provinces, is blessed with responsible government, a system of aU others least
likely to encourage abuses, and providing  the readiest   and   most   competent
If there is anything that the people of
the Pacific Province should be especially
proud of, it Is their newspaper Press.
The energy and enterprise displayed In
that connection would do credit to a
population live times as great. A little
while ago there were no less than nine
first rate daily journals published in
B. C. Of course, this was rather overdoing it, and now the number is reduced
to six. Hut even so, considering tho
limited population, the enterprise displayed is really astonishing. Manitoba,
with about three times as large a reading public as we have, finds it difficult
to sustain two good dallies, and the city
of Toronto, about twenty years ago,
with a population of some tiii.OOO and
backed by a well settled ���province, was
served by two daily papers only, several
others having struggled for existence
and failed. Here, our people, In this, as
in other things, want the best of service,
and they certainly get it in tho line of
journalism. How it fares with the publishers Is another side of the question,
but along the line there is no apparent
want of courage and enterprise, and
olther newspaper owners here are satisfied with smaller returns, or the reading
public of British Columbia makes up in
genorous patronage for the shortness of
numbers. However, that may bo tho
daily press of tho Province is certainly
deserving of all praise. Nor are the
smaller ventures a particle less enterprising In their several circumstances.
The I In In town of Mission City boasts a
very good weekly paper, so does Chilli-
whack. Nelson has two vigorous Journals
and Kaslo had a like number until a few
weeks ago, when one was suspended owing to the collapse in silver mining properties. Of the several other weekly
papers published in the Province, we
cannot vcrv well give an opinion for
lack of acquaintance, but, along with
their contemporaries, they are no doubt
fully up lo the murk, and altogether the
press of It. 0. Is a credit to the people.
The Honolulu Commrrcial Ailvt'rtisrr has
the following to say regarding the recently established steamship service between  this  Province   and   Australia!
"Since the establishment of the British
Columbia steamship Hue there has been
Increased activity  in Hawaiian  trade
with the north.     Its benefits have been
fell in mercantile circles hero.   To those
foreign correspondents who have been
able! to reach their newspapers by wire
at Vancouver the new route has already
proved a great convenience, and tin* arrival and departure  of the steamers of
the new line has suggested that Improvements In the Hawaiian mall service, by
way of British Columbia, might also lie
made. Up to date no general mall has
been received at, or sent from Honolulu
hy this route. There will be no regular
mall for San Francisco for about three
weeks from date, although one of the
British Columbia steamers is due horo to
leave for the coast on August ;iist. If
arrangements could  be made by   the
Postmaster-General for the transmission
of malls by this route, it would prove a
great convenience to the merchants of
Honolulu. Letters can arrive at Vancouver from points oast and south very
nearly, If not quite, as soon as at San
FranolSCO, and such arrangements, If
feasible, would fill a gap in the Hawaiian
mall service which has boon especially
folt In Honolulu since tho now line of
steamers started."
Strangers sometimes wonder if the inhabitants of New Westminster have a
realizing sense of the advantages they
live under. Probably no point on the
continent offers greater or more numerous inducements to the seeker after
health, wealth and happiness. It Is
true, city and Province alike aro just
now passing through a period of comparative dullness, a sort of reaction from
tho previous period of great prosperity
and consequent extravagance. All
towns of importance can show theso
halting movements in the record of pro-
gross, and in the after years they aro remembered as but a pause on the pathway, a rost for future effort. So it will
be with Westminster, founded as she is
on a sound basis of trade and industry.
Here Is a natural trade centre. The
most Important agricultural districts of
the Provlnco almost encircle the Royal
City and swing to the very doors of her
merchants. The groat river that washes
her wharves and rolls on In navigable
channel to the sea, a few miles away, is a
never ceasing source of wealth, and during the past three or four months has
yielded lu the lish product alone no less
a sum than 18,000,000, while tho thousand tributaries of this wonderful waterway of rlehos reach up Into endless
forests of mighty timber that will engage
the Industry of our lumber mills for generations to coino. With good courage,
Indeed, may the people of Westminster
examine Into the realty they have, and
face tho future with every assurance of
an increasing prosperity and a sure reward for persevering industry. The
tributary resources of tho city are yet
but half developed, and when this gen-
oration has passed away, there will still
bo open ways to wealth for those who
coino after. Men waste their opportunities even when thoy realize them,
but In this now country possibilities
exist that are not yet thought of, and In
tho developing of which the enterprise
and energy of New Wostmlnstor will
play an important part.
As to tho city itself, the streets are
well constructed and easily kopt. Many
of the business blocks aro massive structures that would grace any city of the
cast, while the numerous handsome, not
to say luxurious, residences are a surprise to all visitors. A fine civic water
works system suppllos to citlzons In
abounding quantity the purest of wator
direct from the mountains, beyond the
reach of contamination. Tho city has
also providod for her people an excellent
electric light system, and likewise found
occasion to insure tho construction of a
railway and traffic bridge connecting
the city with the rich agricultural districts south of the Fraser. Surely
enough has been done for now, and it Is
time to take a breathing spell, knowing
it for what it Is, a restful pause in the
arduous occupation of building a nourishing city. With tho construction of
the Fraser bridge and connecting railway line, the clatter of prosperous business will again bo here. The wildornoss
period of British Columbia is at an end,
and tho struggles of tho pioneers were
not in vain. A stage has been reached
when progress engenders progress In
constantly accelerating dugree.
That country has not yet been discovered where the natural conditions of
llfo are perfect; but there aro a few
regions on the face of this globo that by
common consent aro agreed to be especially favorable for the habitation of
man. Amongst these the coast district
of British Columbia takes prominent
place on account of Its mild and equable
climate, freedom from teriiifylng and
destructive storms, and noted salubrity
of atmosphere, while the broad valleys
that Intersect the mountains of tho Inland portion of the Province offer almost
any variety of climate that man can
wish, and all equally under conditions
favorable to health and the enjoyment
of life. It Is true that on the coast the
winter season Is not agreeable to some,
because of tho tendency to rain, yet
those months are not all wot, and some
of tlie most delightful winter weather
Imaginable Is occasionally enjoyed about
the holiday season. To the wrltor of
this article, no other portion of the earth
offers a more pleasant abode lu Its natural surroundings than obtains here.
Of the wealth resources of the Province, It is bardly needful to speak In
detail on this occasion. In the first rank
we pluoe our fruit anil agricultural
lands, an urea  Immensely greater  than
, people unacquainted with B.C. have any
idea of. We believe the day Is approaching when   the  fruit   product of   British
1 Columbia will take front rank in the
wealth   of   the   Province.    The   soil   Is
; right and Die climate is right, while just
j east of tlie mountain chains is a vast
Canadian territory that will provide an
over-growing and never-satisfied market.
Nor are our agricultural interests to bo
reckoned of small account. In the view
of easier and quicker roads to wealth It
is easy to forget that here In British Columbia termors aro bettor placed than
are their fellows In any othor part of tho
world. We make that statement deliberately. To the poor man who seeks to
make a farm home, the prospect here Is
not good, for tho tillable laud has to be
reclaimed from tho forost and tho
cost   is   heavy;   but to men of   moder
ate means who wish to engage
in agriculture and stock raising the outlook is promising indeed. The soil Is fertile, and the market nowhere equalled.
Every acre of cleared lar.d In New Westminster District Is worth $100, and tho
test is, that if fairly cultivated it will return a profit equal to a handsome Interest
on that amount.
As to our mining resources, we havo
tbero an unknown quantity. Many
millions of dollars In gold have boon
washed from the mountain streams of
tho interior, and in the way of silver mining enough has been accomplished In tho
last year or two to establish beyond a q ues-
tlon the existonee of vast riches in our
mountain ledges. The wealth of coal is
ovidenced by the prosperous city of Na-
nalmo, built upon coal by the product of
the mines. And not far off aro stores of
iron that will yet yield fortunes to Individuals and fill the Province with the
contented homes of industry.
Tho fishing interest of tho coast waters
is yet in Its infancy, and although a salmon pack of ��3,000,000 is a great item
for the small population of tills Province,
still It must not be forgotten that our
ocean waters aro yot practically untouched, though they teem with marketable fish, while up the const the valuable fur seal yields handsome returns to
all engaged In the business.
Lastly, there are the vast forests of
timber trees, barely entered, but for
many years a source of large and reliable Income, as they will ho for many
years to come.
As a Province, groat aro our resources,
bright our prospects. Evon now, It Is
doubtful if there can anywhere be found
an equal population producing as large
an amount of good, circulating money.
It Is only of lato years, comparatively,
that the people of Canada havo learned
what a magnificent country is in their
charge. Fifty years ago the huge district of British North America, as shown
on the maps of the timo, was a vast
wilderness, with a small population on
the Atlantic coast and on tho borders of
the great St. Lawrence River. Even at
that date, tho interior of tho now nourishing and populous provlnco of Ontario
was essentially "the bush," as it was
called by Immigrants from the old country. Long before this, the United
States, with Its Republican Institutions,
had become an attraction for tho oini-
grant classes o* all Europe, and the tide
of settlement having set firmly in that
direction, the territory north of the
boundary with its conservative ways, received but little increase of population
from the hurrying throng. In one way
this was a gain, for it resulted In the
slow sottling of Canada with steady,
law-abiding people, free from that unruly, lawless class who were attracted
by the "fastness" of our southern neighbors, and wiio have always boon troublo-
some and aro now rapidly becoming a
menace to constituted authority. But
all the time, tho "slowness" of Canadians
carried along with it substantial work,
and, what Is of more consequence, sound,
healthy modes of thought. Good work
requires time, and Canadians aro building for future generations. Solidly the
foundation has been laid, and now when
tho United States is overrun with tramps
and starving workmen, threatening the
vory base of things, we Canadians are
proceeding steadily with what wo hope
to make i glorious superstructure. Not
again for a timo will our American
cousins be disposed to snoer at
the conservative methods of Canada, for
the pride ol "fastness" Is humbled, and
the "greatest nation on earth" is in sackcloth, its monetary Institutions paralyzed, Its wealthy rltizens in financial
panic, factories closed, workmen idlo,
and a huge unscrupulous class anxious
for the overthrow of all order. A gloomy
picture, indeed. Now, turn to our own
laud, and heboid tliu steady confidence
of a people who have builded well. Of
cotirso Canada is bound to bo affected to
some extent by tlie troubles of her neighbor; but there are no collapsing banks,
no closing factories, or starving laboring
mon. Tim shock of a financial panic
that lias spread to all civilized nations,
scarcely touches Canada, ami all along
the line of our fair Provinces the people
continue undisturbed In the pursuit of
prosperity and happiness,nml tbe development Of the COUntryV manifold resources.
More than this, the landed estate of the
people has not been wastefully squandered, and almost every Province still
contains within Its borders it sufficient
heritage of public lands to Insure good
hollies for Canada's children and all deserving settlors.
All Religion! Meet.
CHICAGO, Sept. IS,���The delegates to
the World's Parliament of Religious
separated Into suctions this morning according to the respective creeds. A
general union meeting was opened at 10
o'clock In tho hall of Columbus, Dr. F.
II. Nlohol presiding, lie Introduced
Rabbi Isaacs, the first speaker of tho
day, who, taking for his subject, the
Theology of Judaism, gave an eloquent
exposition of the Jewish faith. Dr.
Alfred W. Monorie, of London, spoke on
tho moral evidence of a Divine existonee.
Hon. Justice Ameer All spoke on the
Faith of Islam and other addresses were
made Including one on the Hindoo religion. In the other balls the proceedings were under the auspices of Catholics,
Cougregatlonallsts, Uulversallsts and
Lutherans, and Interesting papers wero
Pelagic Sealing.
Ottawa, Skit. 8.���Hon. C. H.Tuppor,
who was yesterday knighted, in recognition of his services in connection with
tho Behrlng Sea Arbitration, said lu tho
courso of an Interview to-day that the
British side in the arbitration had to
light hard to secure permission for pelagic sealing, and that they did well to
got the regulations thoy did. "At the
same time," he added, "they aro no,-, my
Ideas of what the regulations should be,
even as a means of preserving seal life.
They are neither in the interest of the
United Statos nor Canada in that respect, and markiimy words, next year's
catch of British vessels will bo tho largest In the history of pelagic sealing.
That this great slaughter will occur at
a time when It may be mostly destru-
tivo to the seal speclos, will bo the fault
of the regulations, not of our hunters,
who must take when they can."
In connection with above, Captain Cox,
tho President of the Sealer's Association,
says : "That babling assertion should be
silenced. Tho prophecy is a falsehood
pure and simple, and if his words bear
any weight In London, it will injure the
price of skins taken this year. We have
a good catch, probably the last that we
will ever make, and havo counted on
getting a fair price for It. The skins are
not sold yet, tho most of them being en
route to London for the October sn'es, and
If It Is believed there will bo any kind of
a catch next year, prices will bo grievously affected. Young Tuppersays that
next your there will be 'a great slaughter' and that the catch will bo tho largest
in the history of pelagic sealing. Ho
must have known this to have been false
when ho uttered It. Anybody who has
read the regulations knows that it will
be Impossible. Thus wo fear most that
there will be rules made at Ottawa for
the carrying out of the Paris regulations. Ignorance may load thorn to bind
us both hand and feet. I bcllevo sincerely that tho future of tho industry
Is destroyed. Wo may have to do something in the first season ending Juno 1st,
but I would not send a white crow out
after August 31st Thoy can get no
seals outside of tho sea and cannot enter
It. Tho Japan soa offers little relief.
Tho hunting grounds arc small and too
many schooners render It unprofitable.'
This year only about nlno schooners
made good catchos there. You see the
season is longer and it takes a bettor
catch than this side to equalise expenses.
As to the scheme to memorialise the
Government to purchase our vessels and
outfits, I do not think much of It. What
can they expect from a Government not
in sympathy with them ?"
Mr. Joseph Boscowltz, of Victoria, a
gentleman much interested In tho scaling
industry, deprecates the attacks now
being made on Sir Uibbert Tuppor. Ho
stated that Sir Hlbbert worked Indofat-
Igably for B. C. Interests, and that the
award Is in general opinion more favorable than expected. The United States,
Mr. Boscowltz says, produced evidence
from persons engaged on British Columbia soalors, to show that 98 per cent of
tho seals killed in Bohrlug Sea were females, a fact which threatened the total
exclusion of B. C. sealers from the Sea,
as by the killing of females, often heavy
with young, there has beou a seriously
threatened depletion of tho seal fishery.
Mr. Boscowltz adds, that tho sealing
award saves tho B. C. sealers from a
worse result, for the United States Counsel declared meaningly, that if no protection wero given, his Government
would encourage the killing of every seal
in the Pribyloff Islands, malo or fomale.
Mr. Boscowltz thinks that tho future
limitation of the catch will result in good
prices for furs, which otherwise must
have depreciated vastly in market value.
The Rev. Dr. Jardine, of Prince Albert, has left the Presbyterian ministry,
feeling out of harmony with some important points of the VVostmlnster Confession of Faith.
Hamilton, Sept. 12.���The will of the
lato Mr. Griffith, manager of the Hamilton Street Railway, has boon ontered for
probate. Tho gross value of tho ostate
is estimated at $108,000.
Ai.viston, Out., Sept. 12.���Early this
morning James Johnston awoko to find
his house on lire. Ho at once rushed to
the rescue of his two Httlo girls, aged 5
and 3 years, but aftor he got to thorn ho
was cut off, and In attempting to get out
of tliu window he foil and dropped the
children inside, whore they perished lu
the burning building. Johnston was
badly hurt and burned.
QlIEBKO, Sept. 12.���Among tho passengers on the Lake Huron which arrived
hero from Liverpool this morning was
tho Hon. Edward Blake, M. P. for
South Longford, Ireland. Mr. Blako refused to be interviewed with regard to
English politics. During a conversation,
however, he declared that the position
of tliu Liberal party wus still unchanged.
lie positively refused to give an opinion
as to the future action of the Liberals
regarding the Home Rule question:
"The question," ho says, "Is pretty
much tho same now as what It was when
Lord Salisbury wont out of power."
Concern Ing the Irish factions, Mr. Itlako
said that thoy were also unchanged and
he declined to speak any further on tho
Pew people, says the Engineering ami
Minimi Journal, realise that there still
exists on the North American continent
a region about which evou less Is known
than about Central Africa. The Interior
of Labrador Is a blank 011 our maps, and
the great region extending frniu Luke
St. John ami the headwaters of tho
Siiguuiiuy to Hudson's Hay Is almost entirely unexplored. So far as known It Is
a barren and desoluto region, with a
winter climate so severe us to prevent
all thought of permanent settlement.
From time to timo tho Indian and kalf-
breod hunters havo brought rumors of
the great Lake Mlstasslml and of lurgo
rivers and great waterfalls In tho Interior, but these huvo never been oven
lu purt voriflud by uctual observation.
The Canadian Geological Suruey has
now undertaken tho exploration of this
region, and a small expedition was sent
out In June to work Its way from Lake
St. John across tho country to tho coast
at Ungava Bay. Winter work Is Impossible in that country, but If successful
this season tho exploring party will
start next Summer to contiiiito Its work
from Ungnva northward to tho trading
posts on Hudson's Bay.
The hops In  tho  Squumish valley  are
reported to be In splendid condition. NEW   WESTMINSTER,   BRITISH   COLUMBIA,   SEPT.   16,   1893.
Justin McCarthy's Views.
New York, Sept. 12.���The Irish National Federation of America has re-
ceceived tho following cable dispatch
from Justin McCarthy. M.P.: The rejection of the Homo Rule Bill by the House
of Lords, opens a new chapter In the
struggle for Irish liberty. On the one
side we, tho elected representatives of
tho people, tho sympathies of the British
democracy, and the unconquerable spirit
of tho Irish race; on the other side is a
hereditary and Irresponsible chamber,
concentrating in its ranks all that Is
worst in English prejudice, wealth and
arrogance. The result is not doubtful.
The House of Lords has made a similai
stand on every great reform sent up to
them by the House of Commons. In the
long run progress, and the people have
invariably triumphed, and tho insolence
of the privileged classes has been chastised. But the struggle will be a bitter
one. We have to fight against an unexampled combination of wealthy aristocrats desperately struggling for their
privileges by appeals to every weapon of
defamation, bigotry and corruption. Wo
have to look to our faithful countrymen
in America for tho means of sustaining
our party through the incessant sacrifice
imposed upon them, and of carrying on
an ae.tlvo campaign in the English constituencies against the Insolent enemies
of Irish liberty. Thoro was never a lime
when Irish-American assistance was
more urgently needed, or when It could
produce more splendid results in securing to our country tho great measure of
Irish national self-government, which
sprung from the genius of Gladstone,
and which the House of Commons has
once for all solemnly pledged Itself to
carry Into law.
The Normal Condition.
Montevideo, Sept. 12.���Brazil's naval
rebuts aro having a hard time of It.
Hemmed in within the Bay of Rio, thoy
fear to run the gauntlet of forts ami torpedoes at tho entrance and put to sea,
and an attempt to land has been repulsed
with considerable loss of life. The Brazilian minister hero has received a telo-
gram, saying that tliu rebels' squadrons
had firod upon Nictherey, a suburban
town near the entrance to the harbor of
Rio. The insurgents then tried to effect
a landing with some of their men from
small boats, but were repulsed by the
police, reinforced by some troops with
Krupp gnns. Fifty-one of tho rebels
were killed and 30 more wounded. Tho
government losses In the encounter are
not reported. The land forces and tho
garrison in the forts remain loyal to
President Pelxoto. Rio and Nictherey
have beon declared in a state 0' siege
for the last 10 days, and this condition
may be extended to any purt of Brazil
where it is deemed necessary. The
rebel's squadron shows no Inclination to
leave tho bay. Tho situation is practically unchanged and commercial cable
despatches are still prohibited. The
Brazilian gunboat Bahla has gone up to
Paraguay Rlvor with orders that In case
of any of the ships at Natto Grosso join
In the revolt against Polxoto, to engage
with them.
Panama, Sept. 2.���A strange vessel,
flying a red flag, and cruising off the
coast of Magdalena recently, was pursued by the Columbia gunboat La Popa,
but effected her escape, sailing eastward.
It is believed that sho had arms on
board for the revolutionists. She Is
probably the same vessel that has beon
captured since by a Vcnezenlun revenue
cutter off Maracaibo.
Destruction of Wild Animals in India.
A resolution by tho chief commissioner
of the central provinces In India on various reports relating to the damage
caused by wild animals and the extermination of the latter, contains some observations of more than usual Interest.
Among the animals killed for which rewards were paid were 274 tigers, 442 panthers, 131 bears and 85 wolves. In tliu
past four years over 1,000 tigers, 2,000
panthers, 500 bears and 300 wolves have
been destroyed. Last year 317 persons
wero killed by wild beasts lu the provinces, while the number of deaths from
snake-bite was 090. The destruction of
cattle Is astounding, showing an Increase
of about 1,200 over the previous year.
Sir Anthons Maedonnoll accounts for
this by saying that during his recent
tours he noticed a great scarcity of deer
In the jungle tracts- They ure being
cleared out by tho native huntsmen, and
the decrease In the natural prey of the
tigers and panthers Is marked by an Increased loss of cattle. On tho subject of
rewards for tho destruction of wild animals, tho experiences of tho central
provinces seoms to show that the system of offering special rewards for the
destruction of particular animals or
classes ot animals is a sound and effective one. The resolution mentions Instances of this. In July last it was decided to Increase the reward from ten
rupees to SO, when It was proved the
animal was a man-eater; again, a reward
of 50 rupees was offered for the destruction of bear, which had been doing much
damage in the Balaghat jungles, while
300 rupees was offered for a man-eating
tiger in the Cliaudu forests. It Is said
thai special rewurds offered in March,
lust year, for the destruction of wolves
lu the Saugor district, hud the result of
reducing the number of deaths attributed
to wolves lu that district from 11 lo 1.
The chief commissioner also notices the
localization In a few districts of most of
the deaths caused by tigers and wolves.
For Instance, out of OS deaths caused by
tigers lu the central provinces, In 1803,
hi, occurred In the adjacent districts of
Chanda, llushunguhud and Halpur.
The Chinese.
Los ANGELES, Sept. 9.���The Attorney
General of the United States lias come to j
the same conclusion as that reached by
Judge Hoss several days ago. He has
sent a telegram to United States Marshal
Gard, which was received by the Marshal to-day, which telegraph instructs
the Marshal to enforce the Geary Act,
section 0 and all. The Mnshal is further
Instructed to carry away all Chinamen
ordered to be deported, and to see to it
that the orders are carried out. The
telegram again instructs Marshal Gard
to carry out the law until lie is informed
that there are no available funds for the
purpose on hand.
Fresno, Sept. 9th.���Six white men
raided R. II. Metzler's vineyard, three
end a half miles from town, last night,
The bunkhouse was fired into and broken open. Two Chinese were severely injured. It was about midnight when the
six men ordered the Chinese laborers at
the vineyard to vacate their quarters
and leave the place, at once. No attention was paid to tlie demand of the raiders and, becoming enraged, they commenced firing shots Into the houses occupied by tho Chinamen. None of them
were Injured bv the shots, and the Mongolians still refused to leave. They lay
cowering in the bunkhouse not daring to
venture out for fear of being murdered.
Tho raiders commenced pulling the flimsy
bunkhouse down upon the heads of the
terrified Chinese. When they were
finally forced to leave the place, the
raiders fell upon them and gave  them a
terrible beating,   Three or them were
badly wounded, hut were compelled to
march before their infuriated tormentors
along the road to Fresno. When a point
near Butler's vineyard was reached, the
wounded Chinese fell lu tlie road from
exhaustion, and the raiders, fearing
that their wounds would prove fatal,
fled. The sheriff is making every effort
to learn the Identity of tlie criminals,
but so far has not found a trace of them.
The cltizens'are thoroughly aroused to a
realization of Hie necessity of putting u
stop to this lawlessness.
New York, Sept. 9.���The long fight
over the admission of Chinese at this
port came to a head in rather a sensational manner to-day, when the officials
of the Ward line of steamships landed
two Chinese against the protest of the
United States Customs officer on tlie
dock, and the orders of Collector Kil-
berth, who decided that the men should
not land, and must bo returned by the
steamship company. This is the lirst
case of tho kind that has occurred here,
and created much excitement in Customs
houso and steamship circles. Tho two
Chinamen, Yung Ki and (lee Tele., arrived here last Monday 011 the steamer
Saratogo, from Havana, Their documents wero not satisfactory to the collector, who decided that they were laborers, coming in under the guise of
students, and he directed that they
should be prevented from landing. The
Saratoga was to sail to-day at 1 o'clock,
and just before that time tbe steamship
officials ordered the Chinese to take their
baggage and go ashore. A customs
officer had been placed in charge of them
to sec that they did not land, at d he protested against tho movement, warning
the steamship officers of the offence they
were committing, and the penalty. Tho
latter said that thev would assume all
responsibility, and told tho United States
officer to stand aside. The Chinamen
were put on tho dock, and the steamship
sailed. Tho officer took tho two Chinamen to tho Custom House and related
what had occurred to the collector. At
the same timo a lawyer appeared and
told the collector that he was going to
apply to tho United States Court for a
writ of habeas corpus in behalf of the
two celestials. The collector was so sur-
| prised at the action of the steamship
I company, that be could hardly toll what
j to do. He finally turned the case over
I to Inspector Scharf, who took the two
j Chinamen to the tooinhs, where he had
them lucked up on a charge under the
Act of July 5th, 1884, "authorising the
arrest of Chinamen unlawfully In the
United States." Inspector Scharf said
that he would at once go to Washington
and report all the facts to the Secretary
of the Treasury. The penalty for landing Chinese, against the orders of tbe
collector of a port, Is a fine, not to exceed fl,000, and one year's Imprisonment, for each Chinamen landed. This
is the first ease where an open defiance
has been shown in the matter, and the
collector had ordered that it be made a
test case.
Em in Pasha-s Death.
London, Sept. 4.���All doubt as to the
truth of the report that E111I11 Pasha, the.
noted African explorer, Is dead, aro set
at rest by a story told the Associated
Press by A. J. Swan, missionary from
UJIJI. He says he has it from undoubted
authority and from several sources, that
as Einln was making his way to the
coast, he and his band were surrounded
by the natives, set on by Arabs.
One of the native chiefs coming up behind E111I11, with the stroke of a large
curved knife, beheaded li I in. Einln's
native followers were then slain, and the
bodies of the whole party, Including
Finln's, devoured by the savages,
Dr. Curl Peters, tlie African explorer,
discredits the last story about Brain Pasha, that he anil his party had been killed
by natives and devoured by them.
An Historic Lemon,
Who ever thinks ol connecting such a
commonplace article of diet as the lemon
with the romantic history of ill-fated
Anne lloleyn? Yet, Indirectly, she wus
the cause of Its first Introduction into
England and so Into popular notice.
Henry VIII.���who, If he rid himself of
Ills wives like a brute, certainly won
them like a prince���gave such splendid
feasts and pageants In honor of tho
coronation of Anne and of their previous
nuptials as had seldom been accorded to
queens of the blood royal. These klnglv
entertainments were In turn followed by
the great civic feasts of Loudon, for
which the whole world was searched for
delicacies to add to tho splendor. At
one such banquet, graced by the pros
cnee of the roval pair, a lemon was Introduced as an elegant novelty. To an
epicure such as Henry the acquisition of
a castle in Franco would havo proved
less acceptable, and such was the Importance attached to tho discovery���so
says an old biographer���that a speelul
record was mado of tho fact that the cost
of this precious lemon was six silver
pennies!���Kate Field's Washington.
A Curious Wedding Custom,
The Muudingoes, who Inhabit a tract
of country In Africa, are strict Mohain-
uiedsiis lu religion; but curiously enough,
thuy still retain many of the superstitions of the negro races from which thoy
sprung. Consequently their marriage
I ceremony Is a mlxturo of the two; and,
although It is performed by u uiuruhout,
| or holy man lu the mosque, It contains
one very ridiculous element. Next In
importance to Hie marabout is the bridegroom's sister, who, when  the marriage
ceremony roaches the point where tlie
visible, bond, usually typified In civilization by the ring. Is Introduced, steps forward, and lu place of the ring presents
the lady with a pair of trousers, which
are Immediately donned. The ceremony
Is concluded by a very mournful song
sung by the companions of tho brldo,
who then conduct her again to tho homo
of her parents, as, owing to tlie extromo
probability of ono or tlie other retracting at any moment, by reason of an unfavorable omen, no bouse is built until
the ceremony Is completed. Polygamy
Is the rule, but each wife has her own
house, to keep her from quarrelling with
the other wives. They are the most
tyrannical wives In Africa, and, hating
each other, band together against their
husband, and rule him with a rod of
Iron.���Ladies Home Journal,
loyal Agricultural and Industrial Society of B.C.
Tuesday, Wednesday, Thursday and Friday   -   September 26, 11, 28 and 29, 1893,
$15,000    ���   prizes   ���   $15,OOQ.
This Kxiiibittoii-Ci'fchi'iltlon Is the I arrest in Hie Dominion West of Toronto, and the Liberality of the Premium List is
Unequalled ill Western Canada.
To decide Provincial Championship.   The most Important Cycling Eveut ever held In the Province.   Bicyclists will attend from all parts of British Columbia,
Washington and Oregon.
In which a largo number of the best Axemen in the Province will talto part.    This Competition Is opon to ALL COMERS, and Handsome Gold Medals will be
awarded tho winners.
Victoria ys. Hew Westminster.
Rugby and Association Football Match.
Sailors' Sports, Field Sports, Rifle Matches.
Grand Ball and Promenade Concer
Tho Westminster City Hand and other Hands will bo present and dispense music throughout tho Exhibition-Celebration.
Special accommodation will bo provided for visitors.   Excursion Rates have been secured over all the Hallway and. Steamboat Lines for visitors and for freight
rates on exhibits.    There will be no charge for exhibits crossing the Eraser at New Westminster.
For further particulars as to prizes, sports and celebration, see Society's Prize Eist and small programmes of celebration.
Further information will be gladly furnished on application to
A. B. MACKENZIE, General Socretary.        T. J TRAPP, President R. A. & I. Society.
D. S. CURTIS, Mayor, Chairman Celebration Committee.
The Victorian's Complaint.
Vancouver World: A great deal of
noise is being made in Victoria because
tlie Warrimon did not discharge all her
freight there on the day of her arrival.
In view of this It may be as well to give
a short statement of the facts of the
case us obtained in an Interview with T.
W. Harvey, of Honolulu, who represents
the Hawaiian Planters,, amalgamated,
and whose name has been made use of
by the Victoria papers in a manner
which entitles him to an explanation.
Said Mr. Harvey: Tho Victoria merchants had consigned to them 700
bunches of bananas, of which 200 wero
landed. The Hawaiian Planters, amalgamated, had 3,800, of which 800 were
landed. Now the explanation of the
matter is this. Tho Haytlan Republic
lias for somo time, as is well known,
been tied up. and the freight for Bound
ports has been carried by the Danube
from Victoria. For various reasons it
saves a let of bother to have, thlsjfrelght
carried by an American bottom running
from Vancouver, and for this purpose
the Signal has been chartered. Before
the freight, as I have said, was taken
from Victoria to the Bound, and when
we left Honolulu wo had no Intimation
that the new arrangement had been
made. The freight there came down
late, ami witii the understanding that It
would all be put off at Victoria, and the
Sound and Victoria freight was all put
lu promiscuously. The Planters, amalgamated, had so much Stuff, to send that
it could not get down till .lust before the
Steamer sailed, and having been put In
last was, as a natural cousoquonco, tho
lirst to greet tho stevedores on opening
the hatches. If the wishes oT the Victorians had been complied with It would
have entailed the taking out uf  all   the
freight, and the putting uf two-thirds of
if buck. Tlie Victoria freight was not
on top and there was no other way uf
lining it. Had the sli'iimnr wailed tn
carry out this plan the Vancouver freight
WOUld have to he bundled three times
and the Sim ml freight live times, besides
being delayed a couple uf days. We did
nut know till we got to Victoria that the
Signal had boon chartered to curry the
Sound   freight   from   Vancouver.    The
matter could have been arranged differently If there had been a cable line to
Honolulu, but as matters stood wo did
what if was ibought would give the
quickest dospatch that Is, put the Victoria mid Sound freight lu together,
thinking that If would be sorted by the
truckers as It came uut at Victoria. The
company did the very best they could
under the clri'umsfaucas.
Tho ElUborn, Man., Advocate, is responsible for the story that Robert 10.
Wilson, who lives about six miles south
of that town, recently tried the experiment of hatching chickens by setting
eggs in a manure pile, lie puts six eggs
on the top of a pile of manure and covers
them with canvass, placing the uggs in
such a manner as to allow a certain
amount of air to pass up from beneath.
In three weeks three chickens mado
their appearance. If this bo true every
barnyard is supplied with an Incubator,
and all that is wanted is something that
will keep the hens laying straight along,
and the supply of spring chickens nood
never run out.
Pure Bred Berkshire
Tho undersigned, breeder or Pure Bred
Berkshire' Swine, has always on hand pigs n(
all ages, which will be sold at reasonable
prices   Apply to
Olovdrdalo, B.C.
(Successors to W. H. Vianen.)
BHIPPiNG, HOTELS and FAMILIES supplied lit Lowest prices.
All kinds of I'MTits and SKINS purchased;
highest pi'kcs glvon.
Warehouse uud store���Front Btroet,
Telephone No. <>.
freezer, lee House, &0.���-Lulu Island,
P, t). Hex 4W.
Mainland Truck and Dray
DrayliiK & Teaming Promptly
Attended to.
Agents fur T. lleinhruugh ,t Cn.'s Itrlck,
Tliu and Pottery Works.
Orders received for (lllley A. Rogers'Coal.
Leading Lines:
In Tub Innkh Okntiik of the BUB-
1NKHH OltlOtiBi
Cor. Columbia and Mavy Sts..
f   K
a,    av       ,7��
Corner Menzie and Colombia Street NEW WESTMINSTER,
SHAVING  PARLOR ATTACHED.      D. Walker, Manager.
Sample - Rooms - for - Commeroials.
Aestaurant in Connection.
P, li. Ilox 106.
I'iii.i:\iiiinl: .1.
Hungarian   Flour,   $1.25   per  sack;     Oregon    Flour  $1,25
per sack;  Wheat, 100 lbs, $1.50;   Black  Tea, 6 lbs.  for
$1.00 ; 5 Tins Choice Jam, 65 cts; Mixed Pickles 20
cts.   per  bottle; Green  Peas   10   cts.   per  tin.
Free Delivery to Any Part of The City.
New Westminster, B. C. NEW   WESTMINSTER,   BRITISH   COLUMBIA,   SEPT.   16,   1893.
A good serial story In a newspaper
calculated to circulate largely In the
country districts, Is cortalnly an attractive feature. In the hurry of getting
out this first issue, there was scarcely
time to look over '.the newer books, and
we preferred therefore to select an old
story certain to give satisfaction, rather
than venture an untried one that might
not be appreciated. "The Gunmaker of
Moscow" will be found entertaining reading. When it is concluded we will have
one of tho latest good stories ready to
proceed with.
The timo at which we open our story
Is mid-winter and towards the end of the
seventeenth contury. Russia had passed
through the long and bitter ordeal of
Night. Tho Tarter yoke had been worn
till tho vory boons of the nation were
galled; and when this was thrown off
civil dfsscntlons  and insurrections com- | thinking much of late, my mother
niencnd. Tho Poles and Swedes plundered the country, and amid general tumult
and confusion  somo  half a dozen men
whole hour without speaking, or oven
moving, and his mother did not interrupt
him, as she supposed he might be solving
some mechanical problem that hud arisen
to bother him. But these fits of thought
had become too frequent, too lengthy,
and too moody for such a hypothesis,
and the good woman waa forced to believe that they were caused by something more remote than the business of
the forge or the lathe. The youth now
sat with Ills' brow resting upon his hand,
and his eyes bent upon the hearth. For
half an hour he had not moved, and his
faco wore an anxious, troubled look.
"Ruric, my son," spoke the mother, at
length, in a low, kind tone, "what is it
that occupies your thoughts so much ?"
The young man started and turned his
gazo upon his mother.
"Did you speak to me, my mother ?"
he asked, after having recalled his mind
to things about him.
"Yes, my boy," she said. "I did
speak to you. I asked you what it was
that occupied your thoughts."
As she spoke thus she moved hor seat
close to where Ruric sat, and placed hor
hand upon his arm.
"Toll me, my boy," she added, In a
low, porsuasive tone, "what Is it that
dwells thus upon your mind."
Ruric reached out and took his mother's hand, and having gazod for some
moments Into her faco, he said :
"1  was thinking���and   I   have been
wero   clamoring   for   tho   throne.     At i forsook her cheeks.
of���Rosalind Valdla.
Claudia Novel  started   as she  board
that name,  and  for the while tho color
length a few patriotic citizens, pledging
everything thoy hold dour on earth to
the cause of freedom from this curse of
anarchy, and headed by �� noblo prince
and an humble, patriotic butcher, made,
a bold stand to save the country. Moscow was retaken, and Michael Romanoff was chosen Czar ; and this Illustrious
family still occupies tho imperial throne.
And now tho day of Russian greatness
dawned ; but tho sun was not fairly up���
the broad light opened not upon the empire���until Peter came to the throno.
In the department of the Sloboda���the
suburbs of Moscow���and vory near tho
river Moskwa, stood an lntmblo cot, the
exterior of which betrayed a neatness of
arrangomont and show of tnstc that
moro than made up for its sniallnes of
size. Nor was it so small In fact, but
only in contrast; for near at hand about
It stood many large, shabby, dirty-looking structures that overlooked tho prim
cot, as bleak mountains may look down
upon a verdant hill. And within, this
cot was as neat as without. Tho two
appartments in front, ono of which was
only used in winter, were furnished not
only with neatness, but with a fair show
of ornament and luxury. Back of these
wero a cooking and dining-room, and
two small bed-rooms ; and back stili from
these was an artisan's shop, and other
out-buildlngs. This shop was devoted to
the manufacture of firearms, mostly.
Some swords, and other edged weapons,
were made here upon special application.
The gunmaker now stood by his forge,
watching the white smoke as It curled up
towards tho throat of the chimney. He
was a young man, not over thrcc-and-
tweuty, and possessed of a frame of more
than ordinary symmetry and muscular
development. He was not large���not
above medium size���but a single glance
at the swelling chest, the broad shoulders, and tho sinewy ridges of the bare
arms, told at once that ho was master of
great physical power. His features were
regular, yet strongly marked, and eminently handsome; his brow, which was
full and high, was half covered by tho
light brown curls that wavod over It,
while his eyes, which were of a bright,
brilliant, deep grey In color, lent a cast
of genius to tho intellect of the brow.
His name was Ruric Novel. Ills father
had been killed in the then late war with
the Turks, and tho son, leaving his
mother with a sufficiency of sustenance,
went to Spain soon after the bereavement. There ho found work In the most
noted armories; and now, well versed in
the trade, he returned to his native city
to follow his calling, and suport his
What, my dear boy���what of hor
have you thought?" she askod tremulously.
"What, but of one thing could I think,
my mother ?   You have seen her?"
"Yes, Ruric."
"And you have marked the graco���
tlie loveliness���the surpassing beauty of
tho noblo girl ?"
"I know she is beautiful, my son ; and
also that she Is good���at least, I think
"Then what but love could move with
deep thought of her? Oh, my mother,
I do love her. I love her with the whole
strength of my heart aird soul."
"Alas, my Ruiic, sho will never dare
love thee."
"You know not that," the youth Quickly roplied, his eyes burning deeply, and
his open brow flushing. "Did I not
know she loved me, be sure I would
nover have allowed my thoughts such
range We were children together, and
even then we loved. Fate has dealt differently by us In the years that havo
passed since those, childhood times; but
yet I am sure her love for me has not
changed, save as Increasing years must
change all the emotions of our natures
into doeper, stronger lights and shades."
"But think, my boy : You, a mere
artisan; she, the offspring of nobility
and the ward of a duke���a stern, cold
proud aristocrat, who looks upon people
of our station only as harsh masters look
upon their beasts of burden. I fear you
will find little else but misery in such a
course of thought."
"At least, my mother, I will see Rosalind ; and If she loves me as I love her,
and If sho would accept my hand���"
"Hush, my boy. Do not chcrisli such
hopes. Why should she mate with thee
when tho richest nobles of tho land
would kneel for her hand ?"
"Hold," crlod Ruric, starting to his
foet���ills handsome face Hushed, and his
bright eye burning. "Speak not thus���
at least, not now. I flatter not nivsolf,
but I claim a soul as pure, and a heart
as noble, as any man in the land. My
mind Is as clear; ray hopes are as high ;
ray ambition as true to real greatness,
and ray will as firm as any uf them. If
Rosalind seeks the lovo of a true heart,
and the protection of stout arras and determined success, then I fear not to place
myself by tho side of any suitor in the
land. But if she seeks immediate wealth,
and the glitter for some high sounding
title, then���ah, I know she does not.
Hut let It pass now; I will see hor."
Claudia would not oppose the wishes
of her son, and she said no more upon
tho subject.     For a while nothing fur-
after his guest had somewhat recovc; ed
from the effects of tho cold.
"Aye���that have I, my son," the monk
returned, in a deep, rumbling tone. "I
left the Kremlin this morning, little
thinking of such a change. This storm
has commenced since 1 started on my return. About half a mile from here my
horse got foundered in the snow, and I
left him with an honest peasant, and
then started to make tho rest of my way
on foot; but I reckoned wildly. The
driving storm blinded rae, and the piling
drifts swallowed me up at every dozen
steps. My body is not very well adapted
to such work. Ha, ha, ha I But 1 saw
your light, and I determined to seek
shelter here for the night. By St. Michael, but this Is a most severe storm ! yet
you aro comfortable here."
"Aye, father, wo try to be comfortable," said Ruric. "My mother could
hardly survive a winter In some of the
dwellings which stand hereabouts."
Tho monk made no answer to this save
a sort of commendatory nod ; and shortly afterwards the youth asked :
"Do you belong here In tho city, good
father ?"
"Aye���at present I do," the monk replied. And then, with a smile, he added:
"I suppose you would like to know whom
you have thus received? My name is
Valdimir, and my lioine Is wherever I
chance to bo on God's heritage. At present I am residing here In Moscow. There
���could you ask me to be more frank ?"
Ruric smiled, but ho mado no direct
reply. He was too deeply Interested In
tho face of the monk to enter with much
eagerness Into conversation. At length
the guest asked If lie could be accommodated with some sleeping-place, and bo-
Ing answered in the afllrmative, tho
youth lighted another caudle and conducted him to a chamber which was located directly over the kitchen, and
which was very well wanned by means
of sovoral Iron tubes that connected with
the furnace below.
"Mother," said Ruric, as soon as he
had returned to the kitchen, "who is
that man ?"
"How should I know ?"
"But have you nover seen him before?"
Ruric asked, in an earnest, eager tone.
"I cannot tell, my son. Ills faco most
surely calls up some strange emotions In
my mind, but I think I never saw him
"And yet ho seems familiar to iuo,"
the son resumed. "Those eyes I surely
have seen before, but to save my soul 1
cannot remember when or where."
And so Ruric pondered and pondered,
Out to no avail. After he had retired to
liis bed he lay awake and thought of tho
strange face ; and all through the night
his dreams were but startling visions of
the Black Monk.
Near by stood a boy���Paul  Pcepon���   ther was said, until Ruric remarked up
a bright intelligent   lad,   some   fifteen j on the Increasing force of the storm,
years of age, who had hound himself to |    "Hark !" exclaimed his mother, bend-
the gunmaker for the purpose of learn- ; Ing her ear in a listing attitude.     "Was
ing the art.     His hair and his eyes wero j that a knock upon our door?"
darker than his master's, and if lie pos-1     "Surely no one Is out on such a night
sessed  not so much sound Intellect, he , that could seek shelter here," continued
did surely possess an unwonted degree of '��� Ruric.    "You must have���"
keen, quick wit,  and  a principle of un-1    The youth did not finish Ills sentence,
swerving Integrity. j for at that moment tho knock camo so
The sun had been some time below the ; loud that it was not to be mistaken,
horizon, and tho only llgl.t of any couse-1 The youth caught up the, candle and
quencc that made things partially visible hastened to the door. He opened It, hut
within the shop came from Ihedull blaze the blast came roaring in, whirling a
of tho coals on the forge, as Paul ever ' cloud of sno'w Into Rurlc's face, and ex-
and anon born down upon the brake that tliigulshlng tlie light at once.
moved tho bellows. Suddenly Ruric "Is there nnv one here?" tho gun-
started back from the forge as Ills mind   maker asked, bowing his head and shield-
When Ruric came down In tho morning he found the monk already there,
and breakfast nearly ready. Hut little
was said luring the meal. Tho monk
seemed busy with thoughts of his own,
and Ruric was wholly engrossed lu studying tlie strange man's features, and pondering upon the various doubts and surmises that had entered his mind. After
tho meal was over the monk accompanied the gunmaker to his shop, and
there lie spent somo timo In examining
tho quaint articles of machinery that
were used In the manufacture of arms.
Ruric was engaged in finishing a pair
of pistols, and for somo minutes the
monk had stuod silently by his side
watching his movements. At length the
youth stopped in his work and laid the
pistol down.
"Excuse rae, good father," he said,
rather nervously, at'tliu same time looking his visitor in the facu; "but I must
ask you a question. Where have I seen
you before ?"
"How should I know ?" the monk answered with a smile.
"Why," resumed Ruric, with some
hesitancy, "I knew not but that you
might enlighten me. I have surely seen
you soinewhorc."
"And are there not hundreds whom
you have seen lu this great city���aye,
thousands���whom you might recognize
as you recognize uie."
"All���It may be so ; but not like this.
There may be a thousand faces I would
recollect to have seen, but not one of
them would excite even a passing emotion in my soul. Hut your face calls up
some powerful emotion���some startling
memory of the pant���which bothers me.
Who are you, good father ? What are
you ? Whore have wo met before ? Was
it in Spain ?"
"No," said Valdl nlr, with a shake of
the head. And then, with a morn serious
shade upon  his  face,  he added���"Let
broke from the deep reverie Into which
he had fallen, and having bale his boy
to sec that 'natters were all properly dis
posed  for the night,  he turned towards   gian  darkness.     "In Heaven's inline let
. this pass now.    I will   not deny  to you
Ing his eyes from the driving snow with   tbat   t|iere   Inav  bo  ,���������,   g|.0l,n(js ror
one hand. your strango fancies ; but I assure you
"Yes," returned a voice from the Sty-1 most  Baoredly  that  until  last  night   I
never came into direct companionship
me In, or I shall perish. j w|t|, V()u before���at any rate, not to my
"Thou  follow quickly,     said   Rurlo.   knowledge.    You  have  acted the (lood
"lime, give me your hand.   There���now  Samaritan towards me, and 1 hope 1 may
: ''nine. ' ,    ,       ,    , ' sometime return the favor."
llie  youth  found  the   thickly-gloved!     -Mo, no," quickly res|iouded tho youth;
the door, and was soon In the kitchen
where his mother had supper all prepared and set out.
Claudia Novel was a nohle-looklng
woman, and the light uf her still handsome  countenance  was  never   brighter
than when gazing upon her boy. She ; having led the Invisible applicant Into I n0 more. I have only done for you what
had seen the snows of fifty winters, and the hull, he closed the door, and then led every man should do for his neighbor;
If they  had  left some silver upon her   the  way  into tho  kitchen.    As BOOH ail an(j 80 far from needing thanks for my
the candle was re-llghtcd,  Ruric   turned
hand    gloved with  the softest fur���and j ,.|f v������ ,.,.,���,.��� |t  tlll,��� (l wm u(, a fllV0I.
head, and some age-murks mum her fa 16,
the sunshine of full us many summers
had left her with a thankful, loving
heart, and a prayerful, hopeful soul.
"It Is snowing again, faster than ever,"
remarked Paul, us he took his seat at
the table,
"Ah," returned Ruric, resting his
knife a few moments while he bent his
ear to listen   to  the   voice of   the still in
and gazed upon the newcomer, fie was
a monk- and ha Idled sinnelliing like
one of the Hlaek Monks of St. Michael,
lie was ol medium height, and possessed
of a rotundity of parson which was comical to behold. He was fat iitul un wieldly,
and waddled abiiiif with laughable steps.
His huge, black robe, which reached
from his  chin   to  his   lues, was secured
"Never  mind,"  spoke tliu daiiie, lu a,
trustful, easy tone, "It must storm when
if lisletli.   and  we  can  only thank God
that we have shelter, and pray for those .
who have none."
"Amen I" responded Uurlc, fcvcrcnily.
After this the. trio remained some niin-
"I had hoped 'twould snow no more, for   about the waist with a sash uf the same
the  present.    The snow Is deep enough   color, and the snow, which  lay Upoll his
shoulders and hack, presented a striking
contrast. Ruric brushed away the snow
with his own hand, and having taken
his visitor's thick fur bonnet, the latter
took a seat near '.he lire.
Hefore a word was spoken, the youthful host carefully examined his guest's
I features; and the latter seemed equally
utes silent, seeming to be busy lu listen- j deslrious of discovering what manner of
Ing to the storin-mites tlial came pealing i people lie had fallen in with. The
about the cot. Tho wind was high, and ' monk's faco was a peculiar one. The
the snow came dashing upon the win- features were very dark and prominent,
dows with a dreary, melancholy sound, and almost angular In their strongly-
The meal was at length eaten, and the ; marked outlines. Ills brow was very
table set back, and shortly afterwards fair In mental development, and his eyes ! on'jy ai,
Paul retired to his bed. It was his wont j were dark and brilliant. The slight cir- dubious
to retire early, for ho rose betimes to cln of hair that escaped from beneath
build the lires and prepare for the labors the light skull-cap which he retained
of the day. upon  his head,  was  somewhat   tlngod
Ruric drew his chair close up to tlie \ with silver,  though his face did not be-
fireplace, and leaning against the jamb   tray such advanced ago us this silvery
hair would seem to Indicate.
"You  havo been caught lu u severe
storm,  good  father,"   said   the   youth,
he bowed his head and pondered again.
This had become u habit with him of late.
Sometimes he  would sit thus during a
services, I would rather give them for
the occasion, for I know of no source
of joy so pure and uiicuiitamiiiated as
that feeling In tliu soul which tells us
we have done a good act."
"The dark monk reached forth und
took tliu youthful artisan's hand, und,
with mure than ordinary emotion, said :
"You touch the harp-strings of the
soul with a noble hand, my son ; and If
nnv deed uf kindness cun give rae joy It
will be a deed for you. We may meet
again, and until then 1 can only say,
(lod bless and prospur thoo."
With these words the monk turned
uwuv, und, ere Ruric could command
presence of mind to follow him. he hud
gone from the house. The youth wish-
to say something, but amid tho varied
emotions that went leaping through his
mind ho could gather no connected
After the monk had gone, Ruric returned to his bench and resumed ills
work. Ho asked his boy if he had ever
soon the strange man before, but Paul
shook   his   head,   and   answered
What do you mean?" tho gunmaker
asked, looking tho boy in the faco. "Do
you think you havo seen him before?"
"I cannot tell, my master. 1 may havo
seen him before and I may not. But
surely you would not suppose that my
memory would serve you butter than
vour own."
Ruric was not fully assured by this
answer. Ho gazed into Paul's face, and
he fancied be detected some show of intelligence thore which had not been
spoken. But he resolved to ask no moro
questions at present. lie had asked
enough, he thought, upon such a subject, and he made up his mind to bother
himself no mohi about It, feeling sure
that if his boy knew anything which
would be for his master's interest to
know it would be communicated in due
season. So ho applied himself anew to
his work, and at noon the pistols were
Towards the middle of the afternoon,
just as Ruric had finished tempering
some parts of a gun-lock, the back door
of his shop was opened and two men entered. Thry wero young men, dressed
in costly furs, and both of them stout und
good-looking. Tho gunmaker recognized them as tho Count Conrad Damon-
oil and his friend Stephen Urzon.
"I think I speak with Ruric Novel,"
said tho count, moving forward.
"You do," returned Ruric, not at all
surprised at tho visit, since people of all
classes wero in tho habit of calling at his
placo to order arms.
The count turned a shade pale." than
before, and his nothor lip trembled ; but
Ruric thought that might b I the result
of coming from the cold into a warm
atmosphere. However, ho was soon un-
dccelved, for tho count's next remark
wus slgiiilicunt.
"\'ou are acquainted with the Lady
Rosalind Valdul ?" ho said.
"I am," answered Ruric, now beginning to wonder.
"Well, sir," resumed Damonofl, with
muuh haughtiness, "perhaps ray bust"
neess can bo quickly and satisfactorily
settled. It Is ray desire to make the
Lady Rosalind my wife."
Ruric Novel started at those words,
and he clasped his hands to hide their
tremiiluiisiiess. But lie was not long
debating upon an answer.
"And why have you come to rae with
this information, sir?" ho asked,
"You should know that already. Do
you not love the lady ?"
"Sir count, you ask rae a strange question. What right havo you to question
me upon such a themo?"
"The right that every man has to pave
the way for his own rights," replied
Damonofl, sharply. "But if you choose
not to answer, let it pass. I know you
do lovo the ludy. And now I ask you to
renounce all claims to her hand."
"Sir Count, your tongue runs into
strango moods of speech. / renounce all
claims to Rosalind Valdai's hand ?���
Was't so you meant ?"
"Aye, sir���precisely so."
"Perhaps you will inform mo what
claims I may have in that quarter,"
Ruric replied, with some Iremiilousness
in his tono, for the subject was one that
moved him deeply.
"Ruric Novel, you shall not say that I
did not make myself fully understood,
and hence 1 will explain." The count
spoko this as speaks a man who feels that
ho is doing a very condescending thing,
and In the same tone he proceeded:
"The Lady Rosalind is of noble parentage and very wealthy. My own station
and wealth are equal to hers���my station, at ull events. She may possess the
undivided right to more property than 1
do. But that matters not. I lovo her,
and must have her for ray wife. I havo
been to soo the noblo duke, her guardian,
und ho objects not to my suit, But he
informed mo that there was one impediment, and that was her lovo for you. He
knows full well���us I know, and as all
must know���that sho could never bocouie
your wife; but yet he Is anxious not to
Interfere too ranch against her Inclinations. So a simple denial from you, to
tho effect that you can never claim hor
hand, Is all that is necessary. You understand mo, I trust. Wo seek this only
for tho fair lady's own good. Of course,
you must be aware that tho duko would
never consent to her union with you;
and yot ho would wish to have your
denial to show to Rosalind when he announces his decision. I havo a papor
here all drawn up, and all that will be
necessary Is simply your signature.
Here���It Is only a plain, simple avowal
on your part that you have no hopes nor
thoughts of seeking tho hand of tho lady
in marriage."
As the count spoke ho drew a paper
from the bosom of his marten doublet,
and having opened it ho handed It towards tho gunmaker. But Uric took It
not. He drew back and gazed the visitor
sternly in tho face.
"Sir Count," he crlod, in a tone full of
noble Indignation, "what do yen suppose
I am ? Do you mean to tell mo that
Olgu, Duko of Tula, has commissioned
you to obtain such a renunciation of
me ?"
"Stephen," spoke the count, turning
to his companion, "you heard tho Instructions the duko gave me this morning?"
"Aye," returned Urzcn, directing his
speech to Ruric. "I did boar ; and you
have stated the case plainly."
"1 may be as much surprised as yourself," resumed the count, haughtily, "at
this strange taste of the duke. Why he
should seek this signal from you 1 can
only imagine upon his desire to call up no
regrets In the bosom of his fair ward.
He knows that she was once Intimate
with you, and that she now feels a warm
friendship for you. For her sake ho
would have this signal from you."
"But how for her sake?" askod Ruric.
"Whv," returned Damonofl, "do you
not see? Rosalind, In the simplicity of
her heurt, inuy think that you���a���that
you might claim her love; ami out of
pure principle grunt It to you simply because you wore the lirst claimant."
"Hut I never claimed hor love," suld
Uurlc, warmly. "If slit loves me, she
loves me from hor own heart. With tho
noble duke 1 never spoko but once, and
than ho camo here for me to temper his
sword. If you would marry the lady, do
so; and If you seek help in tliu work,
seek It from those who have some power
In the matter."
"You mistake, sir," said tho count,
hotly. "I seek not jweernow. Ionlyseeka
simple word from ono who may nave some
Influence���evon as a boggur, having
saved tho life of a king, may, through
roval gratitude, wield an Influeice. Will
you sign the papor?"
Now, all this seemed vory strango to
Ruric, and ho know that thero was something behind tho curtain which ho was
not pcrmittod to know. Ho know tho
proud and stubborn duko woll enough
to know that ho novor would havo sent
such a message, as this but for some
design more than had yet appeared. In
short, he could not understand tho mutter at all. It looked dark and complex ;
such conduct was In direct conflict with
the nature of tho man from whom it now
appeared to have emanated. Ruric pondered upon this a few moments, and he
made up his mind that he would on no
account yield an atom to the strange
demand thus made upon him.
"Sir Count," he said, calmly and firmly, "you havo plainly stated your proposition, and I will as plainly answer. I
cannot sign tho paper."
"Ha I" gasped Damonofl, In quick passion.    "Do you refuse ?"
"Most liutly "
For a few moments tho count gazed
into Rurlc's face, as though ho doubted
the evidence of his own senses.
"It is the duko's command," ho said at
"The Duke of Tula holds no power of
command ovor me," was the guninaker's
calm reply.
"Beware I Once more I say: Sign the
paper I"
"You but waste your breath, Sir
Count, in speaking thus. You havo my
"By heavens I Ruric Novel, you shall
sign this I" the count cried madly.
"Nover, sir."
"But look you, sirrah I Hero is my
whole future of life based upon ray hopes
of union with this fair girl. Her guardian
bids inn get this paper of you ere I can
have her hand. And now, do you think
I'll give it up so easily ? Ne ! I'll havo
your name to this, or I'll havu your
"Now, your tongue runs awuy with
you, Sir Count. 1 have given you my
answer. Be sure that only one man on
earth can prevail upon mo to place ray
name upon that paper."
"And who Is ho ?"
"I mean the emperor."
"Hut you will sign It I" hissed Damonofl, turning pale with rage, "hero it Is
���sign !   If you would live���sign I"
"Perhaps ho cannot write," suggested
Urzon, contemptuously.
"Then he may make his mark," rejoined the count, In* tho samo contemptuous tone.
"It might not require much more urging to induce mo to make my murk In a
manner not at all agroeablo to you, sir,"
tho youth retorted, with his toeth now
set, and tho dark veins upon his brow
starting more plainly out. "You have
come upon my premises, and you have
sought your purpose. You now have
your answer, and for your own sake���for
my sake���I beg you to leave me."
"Not until your name Is upon this
paper I" cried Damonofl, shaking the
missive furiously and crumpling it in his
"Are you mad, Sir Count ?. Do you
think mo a fool ?"
"Aye���a consummate one."
"Then," returned Ruric, with a curl of
utter contempt upon his iinoly-chlselled
lip, "you need have no further denlings
with me.   Thore Is my door, sir."
For some moments Conrad Damonofl
seemed unable to speak from very anger.
He had surely some deep, anxious purpose in obtaining Rurlc's name to that
papor; and to be thus thwarted by a
common artisan was maddening to ono
who, like him, based all his force of
character upon his titlo.
"Sign I" he hissed.
"Fool!" cried Ruric, unable longer to
contain himself In view of such stupid
persistence. "Do you scok a quarrel
with ine ?"
"Seek ! I seok what I will have. Will
you sign ?"
"Once more���no 1"
"Then pou shall know what it is to
thwart such as me !    How's that ?"
As theso words passed from the count's
lips In a low, hissing whisper, he aimed
a blow with his list at Ruric's head. The
gunmaker had not dreamed of such a
dastardly act, and ho was not propared
for It. Yet he dodged it sufficiently to
escape the mark upon his face, receiving
the blow HgLtly upon the side of his
head. But he stopped not to consider
now. As the count drew back Ruric
dealt him a blow upon the brow that
felled him to the floor.
"Beware, Stephen Urzen I" he whispered to tho count's companion, as that
individual mado a movement as though
ho would come forward. "I am not myself now, and you are safest where you
"Tho man thus addressed viewed the
gunmaker a few moments, and he seemed
to conclude that ho hud better avoid a
personal encounter, for his fists relaxed,
and ho moved to the side of his fallen
friend and assisted him to his feet.
Conrad Damonofl' gazod Into his antagonist's face, a few moments in slloncc.
His faco was deathly pale, and his whole
frame quivered. Upon his forehead there
was a livid spot whore he had been
struck, but the skin was not broken.
"Ruric Novel," he said, in a hissing,
maddened tone, "you will hoar from mo.
The mad spirit of a vengeance such as
mine can overlook your plobclan stock."
And with this ho turned away.
"Paul,"said the gunmaker, turning to
his boy aftor the men had gone, "not a
word of this to ray mothor.    Be sure."
1,0 VE.
That night Ruric Novel had strango
fancies while waking, and had strange
dreams while sleeping. Long and deeply
did ho ponder upon the strange business
which had culled Count Conrad lo his
shop, und in no way. under no light,
could he see any reuson for It. Why he,
a youth who hud never spoken with tin
proud duke, save once on common business, and who wus so fur down In the
social scale, should havo been thus called
upon to glvu a virtual consent to the
bestowal of Rosalind Valdai's hand, wus
beyond ills ken. lie wus hut a poor
artisan���sho, a wealthy heiress and a
scion of nobility, and she was under the
legal guardianship of the duke, whoso
word, so far as slin wus concerned, was
law. And again, Conrad Damonofl was
a count, and reputed to bo weulthv. To
bo sure, ho wus somewhat dissolute, but
then a majority of his compeers were the
same. Now, If this count loved the
Lady Rosalind, and had asked for her
hand, and the duku was willing ho should
havo It, why had this extraordinary proposal been sent to I ho poor gunmaker ?
Ruric asked this question of himself a
hundred times. Ho would commence
and lay down all tho premises In his
mind, and then he would try and make
the deduction; but no reasonable ono
could ho arrlvo at. One thought clung
about him, like a dim spoctro at night,
which Hope would make an angel, and
which Fear would paint a demon. Could
it bo possible that Rosalind had told hor
love for him, and that the duko would
pay somo deforonco to It ? He trlod to
think so. Hope whispered that it might
be so.   But Fear would forco itself in,
and spoak in tones so loud that they
could not be misunderstood. Finally
the youth resolved upon the only reasonable course. He concluded to let the
matter rest, so far as his own surmises
wero concerned, until he could see Rosalind,���and that he was determined to do
as soon as possible.
On tho following morning, as he was
preparing for breukfust, ho saw Olga,
the duke, pass by, and strike off into the
Borodino road. Now, thought he, Is the
timo for tho visit to Rosalind ; and as
soon as he had eaten his breakfast, he
prepared for the visit. Ho dressed well,
and no man in Moscow had a nobler look
when the dust of toil was removed from
his garb.
"Paul," ho said, entering the shop
where the boy was at work, "I may be
back at noon. At any rate, such Is my
intention; and if either of those men
calls who were hero yesterday, you may
tell him so."
"But," returned the lad, "If tbey ask
mo any questions?"
"Answer thorn as you think best."
"And If thoy should ask me If you
would fight?"
"Tell that I hold my life too dear at
the expense of an Insult."
"But surely, my mastor, tho count will
challengo you."
"I think he will. And," added Ruric,
as an entirely now thought cume to his
mind, "mayhap became hero to croato
a quarrel to that end. I think lie did."
"I am sure of it," said Paul.
A moment later Rurlc's fruuio quivered
with suppressed passion, and then he
"Let them come, and If thoy come, or
If either of them comes, while I am gone,
toll them, or him, that I am their vory
humble servant In all things reasonable."
Paul promised and thou the gunmaker
turned away. In the hall ho threw on
his heavy fur pelisse, and having reached
the noarost hostelry, he took a horse and
sloigh and started off for tho Kremlin,
within which tho duko resided.
Within one of tho sumptuously furnished apartraonts of the Duke of Tula
sat Rosalihd Valdai. She was a beautiful girl; molded in perfect form, with
tho full flush of health and vigor, and
possessing a face of peculiar sweetness
and intelligence. She was only nineteen
years of ago, and she had been ten years
an orphan. Her hair was of a golden
hue, and the sunlight loved to dwell
amid the clustering curls. Her eyes,
which wero of a deep liquid blue, sparkled brightly when she was happy; and
when sho smiled tho lovely dimples of
her cheeks held the smllo even after It
had faded from the lips. There was
nothing of the aristocrat in her look-
nothing proud, nothing haughty; but
gentleness and love wero the true elements of hor soul, and she could only be
happy when she knew that she was truly
loved. She liked rospect, but she spurned that respect which only alms at outward show, while the heart may be redk-
ing with vilest selfishness.
Rosalind sat thore in the apartment
which was hers for her own.private use,
and sho was sad and thoughtful. One
fair hand supported her pure brow, while
with tho other she twisted the ends of
tho silken sash that confined her heavy
robe. Thus she sat when the door of
hor apartment was opened and a young
girl entered. This now-coraer was a
small, fair creature, bright and quick,
with tho to raven hair and those large,
dark eyes of dreamy light which bespoak
tho child of Moslem blood. Her name
was Zenoble, and sho was now about
sixtoon years of ago. Rosalind's father
had pickod her up un the battle-field
from which tho Turks had fled, and
being unable to find any claimants, he
had brought her home, then almost an
Infant. And now she was Rosalind's
attendant and companion. She loved
her kind and gentle mistress, and would
have laid down life itsolf In tho service.
"How now, Zenoble ?" asked Rosalind,
as she noticed the girl hesitate.
"There Is a gentleman below who
would see you," the girl replied.
"Then tell him I cannot see him,"
said Rosalind, trembling.
"But this Is Ruric Novel, my mis-
tross. "
"Ruric I" exclaimed tho fair maiden,
starting up, while the rich blood mounted to her brow and temples. "Oh I I ain
glud ho has come. My prayers aro surely
answered.    Lead him hither, Zenoble."
The girl departed, and ore long afterwards Ruric entered the apartment. He
walked quickly to whore Rosalind had
arisen to her feet, and taking one of ber
hands In both his own, ho pressod it to
his lips. Ho had had a well-formed
speech upon his lips when ho entered the
room, but 'twas gone now. Ho could
only gaze Into the lovely face hefore
him, and murmur the name that sounded
so sweotly on his lips. But the emotions
of liis soul became calm at length, and
then ho spoko with freedom.
"Lady," he said, aftor he had taken
a seat, "you will pardon me for this visit
when you know Its cause. And you will
pardon rae, too, if I speak plainly what
I havo to speak."
"Surely, sir���"
"O���call me Ruric. Lot us not forget
the friendship of childhood."
"Then I am not a i.adv," said Rosalind, smiling.
"No, Rosalind."
"Ah, Ruric."
"As wn wore in childhood," whispered
the youth."
"In all but years," returned Rosalind,
lu the same low tone.
"And I may wear the same linage In
ray heart?"
"1 cannot cast It from mine If 1
"Tho Image of childhood, dear Rosalind?"
"Aye���save that It has grown to manhood, dear Ruric."
What more could ho ask for lovo?
Ha had not aimed at this confession so
soon. But he put It not from him now.
He gazed a moment into tho fair maiden's oye, and as ho saw tho love-llt tear
gathering thore, and tho happy smile
working Its way about the rosy lips, and
away Into tho joyous dimples, he opened
his arras and clasped the fondly loved
one to his bosom.
"Oh, I am not docelved in this," he
murmured.    "Spoak doarest one."
"I cannot forget tho lovo of the happy
times agonc," tho noblo girl replied, gazing up through her happy tears. "Oh,
how many and many an hour have I
prayed to God that those days might
return, and that the one true heart of
earth I loved might bo mine once more.
Ruric, why should I hide tho truth, or
why set It aside ? To ma thou art all lu
all. I have no ono elso to lovo, and none
to love me else, savo the noble girl who &EST   CltfH
ggg WESTMINSTElCi ^ITOg   ^^^M
I can  tell you no
brought you hither
Happy Ruric ! Happy at that moment
���forgetting all else but tho lovo that
gleamed out upon him then, and clasping the cherished object so ardently to
his bosom.
But the moments flew on. and, at
length, his mind came to the subject of
his visit.
"Rosalind," he said, holding one of her
fair hands In his grasp, "you know the
Count Conrad Damonofl?"
"Aye," replied tliu maiden, with a
shudder. "He Is here very often, and
he has forced himself upon my companionship when, if ho had sense, ho
must have known I liked it not."
"He is a suitor for your hand, is he
"He was; but he is not now."
"Not now?" repeated Ruric, with surprise.    "What mean you ?"
"Why���simply that he has asked tho
duke for my hand, and that he was answered in the negative."
"Did you hear the duke answer him
"No ; but so the duko assured mo he
had done so.   But what moan you ?"
"I will toll you. Yesterday the count
came to my dwelling, accompanied by
Stephen Urzen. He had a paper drawn
up by the duke's own hand, in which I
was made to say���or rather, by which
the writer said, that ho disclaimed all
pretensions to your hand, and that he
wished not to murry you���that he freely
gave you up, meaning to seek within the
sphere of his own social circle gome com
panion when ho wished. And tills I wus
askod to sign."
"By the count?"
"Yes,���by the duke's orders."
"Oh���It cannot ba," cried Rosalind,
"And he further assured mo that the
duko had requested him to obtain my
signature thereto, so that ho might receive your hand without Impediment."
"So that the count tnlgh receive ray
hand ?"
"But tho duke assured rae only yesterday that I should not bo troubled any
more with tho count. May there not be
some mistake ?"
"There can bo none on my part.   The
Instrument was In the duke's own hand."
"But you did not sign It ?"
"Ask mo if I  took tny own life���if I
made a curse for all I loved?"
"It is strange," the maiden murmured,
bowing her head a few moments. "And
yet," she added, looking up into her companion's faco, "I do not think the duke
would bo treacherous?"
"He may be," answered Ruric. "He
knows how lightly our noblo emperor
holds empty titles, and perhaps he fears
that If this matter came to tho Imperial
ear, and you should claim the right to
marry with whom you pleased, Peter
would grant your prayer. Hence he
wished to get my claim set aside so that
he may have a clearer field in which to
move. Do you know how the duke's
affairs stand at present?"
Rosalind thought awlle ere she answered ; and then, while a startled expression came to her face, she said :
"Ruric, I do remember now that between the duke and young Damonofl
there U some matter of dispute. There
is some question of property."
"Ah I" uttered tho youth earnestly.
"How is that?"
"Why, as near as I can understand It,
there was a dispute between the duko
and the elder Damonofl* concerning the
ownership of Drotzen, the estate on the
Don, in Kaluga ; and since the father's
death Conrad has maintained his family
claim. You know the duke and the old
count married sisters, and this estate belonged to them."
"And now," suggested Ruric, "may
not tbe duke mean to compromise tills
matter by giving your hand to the count
and taking Drotzen In exchange?"
"Oh, I cannot think so," tho maiden
returned, earnestly. "The duke would
not do that. Ho Is kind to me, 1 am
sure. He loves me as though I were his
own child. I know he does, for In a
thousand ways he has shown it. He Is
mindful of my comfort, and anticipates
every want. No, no���If lie is deceiving
any one be must be deceiving the count."
Ruric started as the new suspicion
flushed upon him. Had tho duke sent
Damonofl upon that mission on purpose
to get him Into a quarrel ?
"Aye," thought tho youth to himself,
"the duke knows that I have taught tho
sword-play, and he knows that the count
would be no match for me. So he thinks
In this subtle manner to make me an Instrument for ridding him of a plague."
But tho youth was careful not to let
Rosalind know of this. He thought she
would be unhappy If she knew that a
duel was likely to come off betweon himself and the count.
After somo minutes of comparative
silence, Ruric touched upon a point which
lay very near his heart.
"Rosalind." ho said, taking both of her
hands in his own, "there Is one point
upon which we have never spoken ; and
1 know you would have me speak plainly
and candidly. You know my situation.
My father and yours fought side by sldo,
but my father foil, while yours returned
to his home. For his eminent services
your father received a title and a noble
estate from the grutoful Feodor, while
my father was only forgotten. Hence
our stations are now widely different.
Yet I am not poor. Nu other man In the
empire can compete with me lu manufacture of arms, and from my labor I derive a handsome Income. You know all
that. And now, If other obstticles were
removed, would you give rae your hand,
and become mine for life?"
"Ayo, Ruric," the noble girl answered,
with beaming eyes, ami a joyful explosion of countenance. "Were yuu reduced to tliu lowest estate of poverty, so
long as your gonornus, pure soul wus
free, I should only be the more anxious
to lift you up. Oh, my lovu knows only
the heart whereon It Is secured, and for
my future of Joy I ask only the truth uf
my husband's love."
"Bless you, dearest," Ruric murmured,
as ho drew the muidoii to his side; and
then he added : "Yuu will not allow tliu
duke to give away vuur hand?"
"Never, Ruric."
"If he asks for your hand to bestow
upon any of his friends, you will tell
"That my heart is not mine to give,
and that my hand cannot go without It."
"O���bless you, Rosalind���bless you.
God keep and guard you ever."
Ruric then took leave of Rosalind, and
was soon in the open court. Here ho
entered his sledge, and then drove to the
barracks in Khltagorod, where ho enquired for Alarlc Orsa, a lieutenant of
the guard.     The officer   was  quickly
;����� met Ruric his saluta-
-.d cordial.     He was a
, ver five-and-tweiity,
'ooklng soldiers in
found, and as h
tion was warm  ai.
young   man,  not
and one of the finest
the guard. ..ker, after tlie
"Alarlc," said thegunma V AaBserj "i
first friendly salutations baa    '    . gjunt
may have a meeting with Con,     ...re)	
Daraonoff.     He has sought a qn    ,. '
insulted rae grossly���aimed a blow a ' Vy((
head���and I knocked  him  down.     .    ,t
can judge as  well as I what the resu.
must bo."
"Most surely ha will challenge you,"
cried the officer, excitedly.
"So I think," resumed Ruric, calmly.
"And now you will serve me in the
event ?"
"With pleasure."
"I may refer his messenger to you ?"
"Yes���surely. And how shall I act.
What will you do?"
"Knock him down again under the
sarao provocation."
"1 understand. You wish to retract
"No. Listen : I will tell you all, since
I seek your aid."
And thereupon Ruric related all that
hud occurred at the time of the r nut's
visit to his shop.
"Goud I" said Aluric, us the gunmaker
finished. "He must challenge you, and
then you'll punish him. He's too proud
now. Ho can bundle some of his lilly-
tops who associate with him ; and perhaps ho thinks he can do the same when
he comes  out  among  the   harder  men.
Hut never mind���1 will be punctual und
Ruric reached home just us bis mother
was spreading the board for dinner. Ho
often went away un business, und she
thought not of asking 111 in any questions.
.,...,.,���.���. . ...   , ho has
not mentioned' 'tlilr; mind  you      . morp
not; but, Ii las'his friend, deem.i,t no ��� '-ou
than right toispoak'of jfc'M Id trust' '
will chooeo a; gontleman's weapon
tho use of the pistol or the gun-he isir.ot
versed." union    uui'i >���   nil   "1
"While you imagine I am," said Ruricj
with a contemptuous curl of tho Up,  fori
he knew that the  man  was  lying.    He
could see by the man's vel-y' lotiksitkat
Damonofl   had    commissioned1' Uiin'-toi
broach this matter. '"'    ""''���
"Of course you aro," returned Urzen.
"And the count Is  most excellently
'Oil  In the use of the sword, is he
verir    ���
not ?
alive J shajl thank God
spared ;.' but; ata'S!' Iffy ji
iihat  you are
, joy will beclouded
._  With'the tbiught'-af1 Wood'upon yooH-i
t; >''   ' Hands, a'lid the'-kHdwlBUgb'th'afiuy joyHr
���:" "jy" Mother's grief;"'"" "" '" l"""1 "'   m: .7.11
'He Is
accounted a fair swordsman."
11 thought.   But it matters
not to me.
mind   before,
swords   would   b. '
thought of.    Howex
with yon.   I have gh
tions at all, save tosorve
proper, and to act upon tin.
lug that if I have  given 0:
count 1 would do tliu same aga
Iii the afternoon Ruric retired to his
shop, where he went to work upon a gun
which had been ordered some days before.
As yet he had said nothing to Paul concerning the affair of the day previous
since his return from the Kremlin. Ho
asked him now, however, If any one had
"Only the monk," returned Paul, without seeming to consider that there was
anything very important In the visit.
"Do you mean tho black monk���Valdimir ?"
"Yes,  ray  master.    Ho   called   here
about the middle of the forenoon.   Ho
wanted 0110 of the small daggers with the
pearl haft."
"And did you let him havo 0110 ?"
"Certainly.    He paid rae four ducats
for it, and would have paid  moro had 1
been willing to take it."
"And did lie mako any conversation ?"
"Y'es.    He asked  me  why  the Count
Daraonoff came hero yesterday."
"Ha!" How did he know of their
visit ?"
"Ho was waiting at the inn for a
sledge, and he overheard the count and
his companion conversing upon the subject."
"And did he ask  you  any  questions
touching the particulars ?"o
"And how answered you ?"
"I told him the whole story,  from beginning to end.   I found ho knew something of  their purpose  from  what lie
accidentally overheard, and rather than
have him go away full of surmises, I told
him all."
"Of the message, too?"
"Yes, ray master.    I told him all that
happened, from the showing of the paper
which the duke had drawn  up,  to the
departure of tlie angry man."
"And what did the monk say ?" Ruric
asked, very earnestly.
"Why, ho said he knew the count, and
that he was a proud reckless fellow, and
worth but little to socletv. That was all.
Ho did not seem to cure much about it
any way; only he said ho should have
done Just as yon did, and that every law
of justice, would bear you out. He hud
moro curiosity than Interest, though I
am sure ull his sympathies are with
"Veiy well," returned Ruric. "It can
mutter but little what the monk thinks
about it, though I would rather havo
him know the truth. If he must know
anything, for 1 would not be misunderstood."
"He understands It all now, my muster ; and 1 trust you are not offended at
the liberty I took lu lulling him."
"Not at all, Paul���not at all."
Here the conversation dropped, and
tho work was resumed In Silence. It was
past three o'clock when Rurlc's mother
camo and Informed him that a gentleman, lu the house, would speak with
"Is   It   Stephen   Urzen ?"  asked  the
Ills mother said It was.
"Then bid him come out here."
Claudia retired, and in a few moments
more the  gentleman   made   his  appearance.
"Ruric Novel," he said, bowing very
Stiffly and haughtily. "1 bring u message
from the Count Duraouufl."
"Very well, sir," answered the gunmaker, proudly, "I urn ready to receive , my country's good
The idea had pot entered my
save   that    I   supposed
the   only   weapons
er, Orsa will settlo it
en  him no direc
Mile as bethinks
'iiioc to the
��u under
7 ?".
I do, sir," replied Urzon, in a cho..'l)1S
"Then wait a moment, and I will give
you a message to Orsa."
Thus speaking, Ruric went to liis desk,
and upon the bottom or tliu missive lie
hud received from the Count he wrote:
"Dbau Ai.ahk;: I send this to you by
the sunie hand that bore It lo me, and
you are hereby empowered to act for rae
as you may deem proper. I sbull be
governed strictly by your arrangements,
Having written this be showed It to
Urzon, and asked him If he would bear
It to tliolloutouant, An affirmative reply
was given, and then simply folding the
note in the opposite way from the original fold, thu gunniuker superscribed It
anew to the lieutenant, and banded It to
bis visitor. Urzen took it, and with a
stiff bow, but without speaking, he turn-
ned and left the place.
That evening, about eight o'clock, a
sledge drove up to Rurlc's door, and
Alarlc Orsa entered the house. Ho called tho youth aside, and Informed him
that tho arrangements had all been
"Damonofl is In a hurry," ho said, and
wn have appointed the meeting at ton
o'clock to-morow forenoon. It will take
place at tho bend of the river j ust beyond
the Vlska Hill."
"And tho weapons?" asked Ruric.
"Swords," returned Orsa. "The count
will bring his own, and he gives you tho
privilege of selecting such a one as you
"I thank you, Alarlc, for your kind
ness thus far, and you may rest assured
that I shall be prompt."
"Supposo I call bore In the morning
for you ?" suggested tho visitor.
"I should be pleased to have you do
"I will, then. I shall be along In good
season with ray sledge, and we will both
reach the ground together."
Thus it was arranged, and then Orsa
took his leave.
When Ruric returned to his seat by the
fireplace he noticed that his mother
watched him narrowly, and with more
than ordinary Interest. He had once
made up his mind that ho would say nothing to his mother about the affair until
It was over; but as the time was sot, and
tliu hour drew nigh, his mind wavered.
When It was over where might he be!
But ho wus cut short In hlsrelleutionsby
the voice of his parent.
"Ruric," sho said, and her voice trembled as she spoke, "you will pardon me
for prying Into your affairs, but I can-1 up betimes,
not hide from myself that something of
more than usual moment Is on the tapis
with yuu. Why are these men calling to
and fro? and why are you so thoughtful
and moody? You know a mother's feelings���and you will pardon a mother's
"Surely, my mother," the youth replied, gazing up for a moment, and then
letting his eyes droop again. At length
be resumed���"1 had mude up my mind
to tell you ore you spnkc."
There wus something deep and significant In Rurlc's tone, and his mother
quickly cuiight the spark.
"What Is It?" she tremblingly asked,
moving her chair nearer to her child's
"Listen," tho young man said, and
thereupon detailed the circumstances attending the visit of the Count Damonofl
to his shop. Then he told of his own
visit to Rosalind, and Its results; and
then of tlie visit of Stephen Urzen.
"And now, my mother," he added,
without waiting for any reply, "you
know It all. You see how I am situated.
Remember, our nation has reached Its
present point by successful wur. The
soul of the nation Is built upon mll'tary
honor, and since our noble emperor lias
opened the way of advancement to the
lowest of his subjects who are brave und
true, the coward Is looked 11 pun with
disgust upon all hands. Yet, my mother,
1 would have, you speak."
For some moments Claudia Novel was
silent.    Hut at length she said,  while a
tear glistened In her eye :
"I have given one loved  being  up  to
Russia took my liu
'rib1,' raV ,mbWei^ etidd; ��dttc
' abd :eaTnesWl''l\vtrt ���Jbt'iha'W
���nulaklv' *Vd":dWn8s'W;"'I',wm mitihav*
,wHU,t*ke,l,Js,;, i:���� ffi^&L"*"
hunself^aUr^Kll.-i.af110 WtiRffiftJ1*
own,.a.id> the: f4��3il��ffalM
challenge laihls���a��d|inpjjg ^jlfRfj .tlr#*eO
���spoiisihillty his ���also ?",.���!>,,������! ..in- '.'"',"".
,,..|>H,Ismvy,,;30i��*;SQ ...far.i��fi,;h,p.|alo'n,e'ls
aono.er.ned., j;f,,y,QM baYPf.a responsibility'
It must) hOitP yquriOwift1spul,(.iBu,t,te'friifcl^
���has not tho emperor made some'law
touching-thia,practice of dueling <?"~'r'^''
"Yes, but only-the challenger Is'Vei)-
ponslblfl. The,party ,c|ialfyu��e4/ Is b'ela,'
free from blame !u tliew^plrthe law.'''
"Then I shall Interpose tro uioft!Objections," said the mother.1 11 She.,trieditfl,
speak hopefully, but she oould .not. hide,,
the fearful sadness of her heart, "CfiMld
fervent prayer avert the blowilt shquld
not fall ; but I can only pray as one
without power."
A long time after this was passed ilia
silence. Both the mother and son seemed.
'0 have something upon their minds
which they wished to say, but dared not.
But the former at length overcame hor
"Ruric," my son," said she, keeping
buck the tears that struggled for utterance In their silent speech, "Is there liny
little word you would leave?���any mutter of moment���"
"No, no," Ruric answered, speaking
calmly by effort. "I am yours, and all
Is yours.    Hut I shall not full."
"Ah, be not too confident, ray son. Let
no such assurance lead you to forget
your God. 1 have heard of this count.
It wus he who slow Rutgor; and M0111-
Jnko, too, he slew In the duel. He Is an
expert swordsman, und surely means'to
kill yuu if ho can."
"I am aware of that, ray mother. But
do you not know that we are all prone
to overlook our own powers when wondering upon the feats of others ! I may
be pardoned for assuring you that the
only man who has vet overcome tho count
at the sword-play was one ef my own
scholars. While In Spain I practiced
with some of tho best swordsmen In
in the kingdom. But listen : I will send
one word. For yourself I can tell you
nothing which you do not know ; but yet
you may see Rosalind. If you do, toll
hor��� But you know my soul. You can
tell her as you please. But I shall not
It was now late, and ere long Ruric
kissed his mother, and then retired to his
And the widow was left ulone. With
her eyes she followed the retreating form
of her beloved son, and when ho was
gono from her sight sho bowed her head
and sobbed aloud. When she readied
her humble couch she knelt by the side
thereof, and poured forth her pent-up
soul to God. When hor head had pressed
tho pillow she tried to hope���sho tried to
fasten ono hope in her mind; but she
looked only into tlie night. Not one ray
if light reached her struggling soul.
Sho opened her eyes of promise lu vain
���for she looked Into a gloom so utter
that out of its depths loomed only the
blackness of despair.
Sleep on, Ruric. But oh, couldst thou
know thy fond mother's heart is rucked
there'd be no sleep for thee !
��l>��lr('W'llrB"d-'W��'&��rrff��f from tho "^WWVWMlk was half burled in the
plafab('ii'itt<'ith8''ufcii K
on   his
dlcd^ia��d'paWa'&ut!.,'',,l   ii*"""  .,,,,""
^'^I'a^uybtf^'igJad'We'ap'o'.i^  asked
""H.'hWve'.a flirVpne! ^���"rW^'irWiKiiiat
���'���"'i lttSMai',;'iMsuniedMo
Vboji'the wodpi
"Fear not
count staf
tyatyttlibff's'aVWa'feil' t'6fflll 'side,
,   ,,,,���    sir,"
til He'd, tiacjc'w
Ith.both lyin
*Wp Mm W WaiAjd' maVtlo'd' his
;^'By''St   'lW^'cWed^th'r sun
' y.tfnHfia'llf farret*if fflffl':' 'find
��' ''N'rt!"V,A' WtiWcUllfed^lh'an
as tho
ds rais-
and a
" 'Tn'aVWasJjut;;(. sjfp.
d)s'6bm'flted'     ...
up'wiHV'ra'g'e and
itj'fj s/lV "
I am
af,ter ifOrae' 'f itf the!
m . p^ul'Iir'.'.Hfri'
U-*_ 1 nil 1, '.ii   a' -
leMa.l^inp oi
sc'ssKm'of' It'.1
,'at tend tog1
' c'lr.'diijpsfaiieo'i
laJu^'aJf ft��,lubu,(', moro 'sSfeLMkm
1. o 1,111 it 1111111   .jin-.t 'IM... ,1,iii   1D11.1  1.>,.<>.
���-, ,  -,'-.n        frKirrrie   nak:'iiot',v'"tlhy; coiin'f unco
iffitfatHfmgmfa��M 11 s ��M$l fa eS;
'a'/id^iiatobttig' li')'/,'''ni'.l''r-'1
:\   "'   ><Sl|.*'niiWlWl WMHr3fJJftUJl>W��Liw.Jl-i_._
.   JlUt'niaXwr'rHq
]:rfe)s'lSf6*el4s:' Hlhnfii'i
If uh'c.llbnses.','r'11   "��"
6rl)ilitjy^j()Veii, mow your
b injiy.ruu'yoii,through
Thereupon I'rzen drew a sealed note
from Ills pocket, and handed If to Uurlc,
who look It and bToke the seal. He
opened It, anil read as follows:
Riliir Nkvki. : An Insult uf the most
aggravating nature bus for thu time
levelled all distinctions uf caste between
us. Your blood alone can wash out the
stulu. I would not murder you outright,
and In nu other way but this can I roach
yuu.    My friend, the bearer uf this, will
make ull arrangements,   if yuu dure not
meet me, say so, that all may know whu
is the coward.
" Damonoff."
When Uurlc had read the missive he
crushed It In his hand, and gazed Its
bearer some moments in the face without speaking.
"Will you answer?" asked I'rzen. He
spoke more softly than before, for ho
saw something In tho gunmaker's face
which ho dared not provoke.
"Aro you acquainted with Alar lo Orsa,
a lieutenant of the guard ?"
"Yes, sir���I know liitn well."
"Thon let 1110 refer you to him. He
will mako all necessary arrangements,
and I shall hold myself bound by his
plans.    I trust that Is satisfactory?"
"Yes sir."
"Then you and I need have no more to
"Only on ono point," said Urzen with
some little show of confusion. "You are
tho challenged party, and you will have
the choice of weapons.    The count has
bund from me, and I could  III  all'urd to
lose tnv son.    Yet, rather than one stain j
should rest iipun his inline,   I   would sec
hIin dead before me.  O, Uurlc, you know [
whether dishonor would   rest  upon  you
were you lu refuse this challenge,"
"I will speak plainly, my dear mother,"
returned the youth, in a tremulous tune, 1
fur his parent's kindness had moved him.
���in my suiil I should feel perfectly Justi-
On the following morning Ruric was
and at the breakfast table-
not a word uf the one all-absurblng
theme was uttered. After the meal was
finished the 'gunmaker 'went out to liis
sliop, and took down from one of the
closets a long leathern case. In which
were two swords, both of the same make
and finish, only different In size. They
were Toledo blades, and of most exquisite workmanship and finish. Ruric took
out tlie heavier one, which was a two-
edged weapon, with a cross-hilt ot
heavily gilded metal. lie placed the
point upon the Hour, and then with all
his weight he bent the blade till the pummel touched the point. The lithe stoel
sprang back to Its place with a sharp
clang, and the toxturo was not started.
Then ho struck the Hat of the blade upon the anvil with great force. The ring
was sharp and clear, and the weapon remained unharmed.
"Haul, M08C0W dues not contain another blade like that. Damascus never
saw u better."
Thus spnke the gunmaker lo his boy,
as lie balanced the beautiful weapon in
ills hand.
"I think you are right, my master,"
the boy returned, who had beheld the
trial of tbe blade with unbounded admiration. "Hut," he added, "could yuu
not temper a blade like that?"
"Perhaps, If 1 had the steel. But I
have It not. The steel of these two
blades came from India, and wus originally In one weapon���a ponderous, two-
banded affair, belonging to a Bengal
Ohieftan.   The  metal  possesses  all thfl
hardness of the finest razor, with the
elasticity of the must subtle spring. My
old muster at Toledo guve mo these us 11
memento.   Wore I to mention the sura uf
monoy ho was once offered for this largest uue, yuu would hardly credit It."
"How much ?" asked I'uul, with a
boy's curiosity.
"It was a sum equal to about seven-
hundred ducats."
"And yet ho gavn It away ?"
"Ayu���for Us price was but Imaginary,
while  Its  worth   lu  hint   was only com-
lied  In   refusing  this   mooting,   for   no | meusiirate yvlth the gnud It did I1I111.     Ifi
principle of real honor Is utcsttike. Hut
were I to back out now from this. 1
should never meet another generous Inok
lu Moscow.   Every ono would pol tthe
linger of scorn at me, and the word
coward would ring always In my mrs.
It may be a false state of things���1 feel
that It Is really so ; but how can I help
It ? It Is the curse of all groat military
epochs. Battles ulone muke heroes, and
so all must measure
force of their arms.
even now upon ills brow the mark of ray
blow, and all will say he has a right to
demand satisfaction; though I know
that he provoked thequarrolon purpose.
I cannot refuse him on the ground of
station, for ho is above me In that. I
must moot him."
"Then," said tlie mother, In a low,
calm tone, but witli much effort, " you
shall not feel that your mother would
thwart your design. If your own good
judgment says go���then go. If they
bring your body to me In the stern grasp
of death, I shall bow with submission,
and such resignation as I can, to tho
cruol blow.   If you come back to me
anu;li1ul.h.tUf ft��,iJiou,('); mprj? MpVjMeWiO'
foejapJolrft^flppLj 'Tbe$ay,j��fus noahi-
Mfp,l. .,T'h,p sufl Bhone toig'jit,Iy ^noii'the-'
WMwJwk i.suffiw^.aMjdi $iy,���ft,lr.���.,was;'Wt|lf ���
aiid^,eu|m...iiT(mli*liu(riui frasttfl^.the'ttt-'
mosphere served.aujju.jpj,ft{acfi ^lio'sfj's1'
jtqm.Kp.jtud Ruric l)))i'()W;Ope'ii,ili|ls' pelisse,
,f,liu,tibe,inl.Sbil':bi'.e^ihuiptpre, f'roidy. ' lie
utos.jwnoii the qthortpurivV qantiilti sbjht
around, the bend,,of,M\o l'($tW>iii I   '
As sooni/asvthei eu,iint ,aud, jiis.secq'iid1
had arrived,, and the, horse,* 1 hud been'
secured, the lli(qtmi|l,ut tOJOWftC/f that
they should repair to tUolu|ildl|ig. w)ilcl'i'
was close at baud.,,1 This ���wim,!�� Ifirtjb'
open boat-bouse, wliipbiitas immAed'atuT
deserted lu the winter, and ,,ltuwas p'fo-
piuod to go Iii there because, Jjhe rHfUiB-
tlnn  of  the  strung  suu-llghit1jjfji;pm '.'llio
bright snow was calculator] to bliud'lti'iid
and blur the eye.
"Ha! what means that?" exclaimed'
Orsa, as he saw a sledge just turning tlie
bend of the river, with an officer lu It.
It is only a surgeon," replied Damonofl, "1 would nut cut a mini's (lush without giving him a fair chance to survive
"And then you may find him serviceable to yourself, oh ?" suggested the
"Of course. There Is no telling what
may happen."
In a moment moro tho new sledge
came up, and Ruric recognized its In-
mato as an armv surgeon whom he had
seen before, though he know not his
"How for tho old boat-house," cried
"Aye," added Damonoff. "Lot us
have this business done, for I would bo
back to dinner. I dine with Olga to-day,
and a fair maiden awaits my coming."
"Notice him not," whispered Orsa,
who walked close to Ruric's side. "That
is one of his chief points when engaged
in an affair of this kind. He hopes to
get you angry, and so unhinge your
"Never fear, answered the gunmaker.
"Be sure lie only brings new danger to
himself, for such efforts will find their
point lu the muscles of my arm."
The party halted whou they reached
the interior of the rough structure, and
the count threw off his pollsso and drew
his sword. Ruric followed his example.
"Sir Count," tho latter said, as he
moved a step forward, "ore we commence this vork I wisli all present to understand distinctly how I stand. You
have sought this quarrel from the first.
Without tho least provocation from me
you have insulted me most grossly, and
this Is the climax. So, before Uod and
man, bo tho result upon your own head,"
"Out, lying knave���
"Hold," cried the surgeon, laying liis
hand heavily upon the count's arm.
"You have no right to speak thus, for
you lower yourself when you do It. If
you havo coino to fight, do so honorably."
An angry reply was upon Dainonoff's
lips, but he did not speak. He turned
to ills antagonist and said :
"Will you measuro weapons, sir?
Mine may be a mite the longest. 1 seek
no advantage ; and 1 have one here of
tho same length and weight us my own,
if you wish It."
"I am well satisfied as it is," replied
"Then  take  your ground.    Are you
ready ?"
"I am."
The two swords were crossed In an Instant, with a clear, sharp clang.
There was some contrast between tho
two combatants, but not much, apparently. Tho count was a little the taller,
and Ruric was some the heavier. Hut to
a close observer there wus a peculiar
contrast lu tbe two men. That buiast,
swelling out su nobly, and those massive
shoulders, made for the seat of physical
power, wore Rurlc's alone to possess.
Yet Conrad Damonofl was accounted a
strong man. Inthe athletic sports of the
club-court ho had few superiors, and not
many equals. But Ruric Novel had
nevor shown his strength there.
Now, for the first time, that con-
temptous look passed from the count's
face. As his cyo caught his antagonist's
position���as lie noticed the calm, dignified, quiet ease of every limb; and as he
caught the deep, mystic fire of those expressive eyes, he knew that he hud
110 common amateur to deal with.
At length Conrad Daraonoff started
back, and a quick cry escaped his lips.
Ills antagonist's point had touched his
bosom���it had pressed against Ills heart,
and had nut been driven home. Well he
knew that his llfn wus his nu lunger, for
t be gunniuker hud gained It, and���spared
"You fence well," bo gasped, struggling to regain his composure,
"Ton are not a novice," returned
Ruric, calmly, at the same time allowing
Ills point lo drop.
"Coino on," the count cried, gathering
all his energies for another effort.
And again the weapons were crossed,
Tills time Daraonoff was more guarded.
Beforo ho had been Impelled by Ills own
.her.fc spoke'R'u'ric,'caliiily.
bift *H|( u|ai'kod'contempt, '���"'you'should
iiM blame We'tq'r; w'h'iil' �� havfe'doiie, for
tllr'lce Itaye you t.r'fed:to break u'iy'sword."
, "Th'ep try It1 again!" Duuuiiioff ex-
ejalmOd, ''Take: tuy'sw'ord.'.agiUp, if you
can,,,   '
, . jur'lierq retorted.
"Rut, be iSiii;!), yrtur iSWOfO shall be used
10  inure  nfler  t.lils'il-iv " '
afler this'day.
'If  you
he luld tlie truth he loved me, and Ihesi
he gave rae us 11 parting gift, us the best
patterns I could wish for when mailing
"After this Ruric put up the smaller
sword, and then gavo I'uul u few directions about  the  work,   promising to bn
back bofore  night.    The faithful boy 1 assurance; but uuw he was forced to re
shook  his head  dubiously  as he heard ' gard his opponent's power. Ruric quick-
this promise,  but ho said  nothing, and : ly found that his  foe was morn careful
their honor by the  shortly afterwards Ruric went Into the  than at first, and  he carried his own
The count carries  house.    Just then Alarlc Orsa drove up , point accordingly. At tho twelfth stroke
to tho door. ! the count made a stroke to the left���then
Ruric was all ready but putting on ills [ at the throat,  and then, with a quick,
bonnet and pelisse.     His mother was In   lightning-like motion, he thrust straight
the kitchen. Ho went to her with a
smile upon his face. Bo put his arras
about hor, and drow hor to his bosom.
"God bless you, my mother. 1 shall
come back." He said this, and then he
kissed her.
"God keep���and���"
It was all sho could say.
Ruric gazed a moment Into her palo
face���then ho kissod her again���and
again ho said:
"God bless vou, my mother. 1 shall
come back."
at his antagonist's heart. But his mean
lug had been read from tho first by
Ruric. Tho youth caught the motion of
tho eye, and he saw that his heart was
the place looked to. His own movement
was almost instinctive. Ho received his
antagonist's sword midway upon his own
blado���thon moved his arm quickly forward and caught his enemy's point un-
dor his cross-guard |���then, with all his
power, ho wrenched his arm upward and
backward, and the count's sword went
flying across the building.   It struck the
8 fifdllq   ���:��� ,
The  cnticlusiun  of th9���sonlpn;
drowned by the nus||.pf steel,,
/>,!/tlie, second awoke tbe'cniiiit made u
^prions, tji'rust.ut liis iMitiignn'fs'l's heart.
Riirfc'sprung quickly 'aside, 'uii'd with
tho Whuie power of hlsgpqiV rigl'i't arm lie
struck Uuinoiuiff's blade ciusc'lo'the baft
und, broke It lp, t.'wiiin. ,(   '..,',,.','
,','jMj'oilier sword'! my 'other sword I"
tpe count shouted, now b| I piled by absolute madness, "Oh,, give nie ijiy oilier���"
.^''jlpld!',' .cried .bpjth,' jtuy ,'sjir^eoii and
Sl^plieii^tyrzmi,: (11 eo'ii^Qr^. ','��� Aro V'!
mad. Conrad?, ",' , iu ' ,,,' ,,.',, i'
''jM'tul !nQ)i, I.slta'i;. lip, nviii,!';,.,Whuro
is my.sword !; .f-hq'.', reel.less maii.'yelled,
ousting .the bludeloss pnin|fto,l down,
"But will you .up't p'iHuii'qiie���r
"Away, i1sa'y.'r'"yjial,l, I .'givft' up be.
cause my sword ijs'.Wo^e'n^, ,'Jly. ,1^0 gods,
tlie weapon dacelV^pi|m.Oru'.j\yiilorp Is thu
other?" ' ,,,,', jyjj, lu,
"Deceived thee, Cdiirm;?', j repeated
the surgeon, sarcastlcly. 'jljla.^,t)|jv head
received a hundredth part of ^hf^t blow,
'twould not be upon thy shoulders now."
But the count was beyond ail reason.
In his madness he saw not that his sword
had boon broken on purpose. Ho did
not seo that he had been at his antagonist's mercy.   But his friends saw it all.
"Ha! whom have we hero?'" cried
Alarlc, whoso eye had caught a dark '
form at the entrance of the old building.
It was Valdimir tho monk.
"Hoyv now? What seek you hero?
asked Urzen, as the fat, burly monk
waddled towards tho party.
"I heard the clash of arms, my son, as
1 rode by, and 1 stopped to see what It
was. Surely, where the work of death
Is going on, a child of the church may
come ?"
Aye," cried the count, "come In welcome, but meddle not. Now !���my
sword I���where Is It?"
Reluctantly Urzen brought forward
the second sword, but ere lie gave it up
he said:
"Beware, Conrad. You had bettor���"
"Peace, babbler !" tlio excited fool hissed, snatching tho weapon, and then turning quickly upon the gunmakor.
Thus fur Ruric had remained silent,
hut he felt rt his duty to speak now.
"Sir Count," he said, In a tone so stern
and authoritive, and witli a look so commanding, that Damonoff was hold in
abeyance by it, "I must speak ono word.
You hBve provoked a quarrel with me���.
and you have challenged mo. 1 have no
fear of doath when duty calls for my
life, but I would not die thus, nor would
I slay a fellow-hoing thus. Six separate
times to-aay, slneo our swords lirst crossed, havo I sparod you life."
"And twice have I had you bofore 1110
unarmed," Ruric continued, without
noticing the interruption. "I had hoped
this would have shown vou that I sought
not to harm you ; and, furthermore, tbat
you wore no match for me at this kind of
"Out, fool I" yelled Damonfl, now fairly frothing with rage. "If you dare nut
cross swords again, say so, but do not
crawl off like a coward I"
"One word more," said Ruric, paling
for an Instant beforo the unmerciful insult of the senseles tongue that assailed
him, and ho stood proudly erect while he
spoke, "before these men here assembled, and before my God, I swear that
thus far I have spared you; but my own
life may be tho forfeit If I triflo with
you more. So now���beware ! You have
had sufficient warning I"
Perhaps tho count really overlooked
the facts of which Ruric had spoken. In
his ungovernable rage ho may. havo
fancied 'twas only accident that worked
against him. However, he started forward oneo more, and made a furious lunge
at his anlagoiist.
"Now," he gasped, "play your best,
for ray sword's my own I"
But Ruric spoko not. He saw that
the count was stronger than beforo���for
his rage seemed to give him a maniac's
power���and that he was earnest only for
llfenr ileal h. Ho struck quickly und furiously, and his movements were strange
and unprecedented. He threw up all
rules of exercise, and cut und thrust
only In wild madness. Twice Uurlc came
nigh being run through.    He lost all run
of his opponent's play, and quickly saw
that he must put a Stop to the collletor
run the risk of leaving a childless mother In his home lo sen that day's sun
"Will you give o'er?" he askod, us ho
struck  the count's down.
"Nevor ! Submit to such as you ?
Hah I"
A few moments morn the conflict lusted. One more opportunity he had at
Dunionoff's heart���and he spared him.
All present saw It suve the madman.
"Fool!" muttered thu monk, who
trembled from head to foot with excitement, his huge body slinking like a bag
of Jelly, "will you throw away your
own life, Ruric Novel? Shall I tell
vour mother you loft hor of your own
(To lie continued. J
Arrangements aro boing made for the
putting on of a regular ferry from Vancouver to North Vancouver. Capt.
Webster and the North VancouvorCoun-
cll have the matter under consideration.
If the plan now bofore them is carried
out the steamor will be a sido-wheol
double-ondo*, capable of carrying vehicles or cattle and hav ,,g ample passenger accommodation. 8
A Crazy Act,
Iii Vancouver,  on Monday afternoon.
Eoitob Pacific Canadian:���
Sin,���Through the medium of your
paper the Board of Directors of the District of Surrey Agricultural Association
wish to address the farmers, frult-
giowers and other residents in the corporation and vicinity. In tho first place
they wish to Inform the public that the
exhibition will bo held at Cloverdale.
This place Is readily accessible from all
parts of the corporation and surrounding districts, owing to railway and other
facilities. The directors fool they have
thus acted in the interest of the Association In particular and of the Municipality at large, In thus holding the exhibition in a place where they might
reasonably expect to make a success of
It. Secondly, they wish it to ho distinctly understood that this is only a
temporary arrangement, that the question will be submitted to the members at
the annual meeting for their concurrence or otherwise. As tlie efforts of
the officers and directors have been put
forth in the public interest, thu public
are earnestly requested to perform their
part In contributing to the success of the
annual exhibition by at least being present thereat, and, If possible making an
exhibit uf something or other; all are
iuterostod equally In this matter to the
extent of the advantage to be derived
from the introduction of now settlers
and new capital Into our midst through
the Inducements offered to strangers
from seeing what products can be raised
here and nowhere can such be seen to
better advantage than at the Fall exhibitions. This view of the matter, aside
from the purely personal one of prize
money to be obtained, should (when the
large extent of wild laud compared with
that at present under cultivation is considered) stimulate all to make an extra
effort to show what maybe accomplished
by well directed and intelligent enterprise and application, in the way of exhibiting the produce of the farm, dairy,
orchard, garden, etc., etc., and our capabilities to supply at least a portion of
tho requirements of tho citios with our
surplus farm, etc., products.
It Is therefore hoped that the people
will take hold of the exhibition matter
In a thorough progressive spirit and assist the Association by bringing along
their entries and exhibits with tlie determination that thoy are going to havo
tho best exhibits shown in tho various
classes, etc., with the consequent satisfaction of recoivlng the amount of the
prizes in full. Tho exhibition will be
held on Friday, Sept. 22ud. No entries
received after 9:30 o'clock on that date.
A grand programme of sports has been
provided and everything possible will be
done to promote the pleasure and comfort of visitors.   Henhy J. Tuhift,
Hazlemere, B. C, Sept. it, 18113.
at 4 o'clock, a man named Walter Sangs
ter shot and killed Squamish Tommy, an
Indian from Now Westminster. The
affair occurred In a lane in the rear of
Dupont street. Sangster had the de-
lerium tremens. The. Indian was sitting
on a log near False Creek. Sangster
passod him, and then turned back u few
steps and deliberately shot htm, the ball
going through his head. The deed was
dono with a 38-callbre revolver. Sangster then went up Hastings street, met
two men, and fired at them. A policeman interfered, and Sangster attempted
to shoot him, but was prevented. Sangster was arrested and is now In the lockup, but is acting in a very peculiar manner. He never saw tho Indian before.
An inquest has been ordered on tho remains.
Capt. Plttenprlgh, of New Westminster, the coronor, held an inquest on the
body of tho Squamish Siwash Tommy,
on Tuesday. The police court was
crowdod with peoplo anxious to see the
prisoner and hear the details of the
shocking tragedy,
The following Jury was sworn in, and
after viewing the body at the morgue,
returned to the police court about 10:30
o'clock: .loliii Rounsefell, Thus. Veltch,
Findluy McLennan, John McLennan,
John Costello, F. W. Mitchell,
The prisoner Sangster was a very subdued man, and was so overcome he could
scarcely walk up to the court room.
During the Inquest he did nut utter a
word. Mr. E. A. Mageo appeared In liis
After the eviduico hud been taken,
which showed the crime to be u most
wanton one, the Jury found a verdict of
Walter Sangster declines to say anything about where he came from or who
his folks aro, In the hope that they will
never learn the misfortune which bus
befallen him, He lived in a small shack
in a lane off Can-all street, between Hastings and Dupont, with two other young
men, named Blair and Fiynn. lie has
been in the city only ubout a week.
Blair worked witli him In the lumber
woods among tho White Mountains in
Now Hampshire, and camo west with
liini to Tacoma two or three weeks ago.
They wero in Victoria a few days, and
then came to Vancouver. Neithor of his
companions knew anything about his
people, but often hoard him spoak of
Quebec City. Flynn says he did not
often drink, but on Monday morning,
feeling downcast, through being out of
employment, he bought a bottle of whiskey, and drank most of it. In the after-
noo�� bo appeared crazed through it, and
bought another small bottle. Instead
of taking the cork out of it he broke the
top off, but spilled most of tho liquor.
He was vory much oxcitod when ho took
the second drink, and would not bo per-
suadod to loavc the revolvor behind. Ho
did not usually carry the weapon.
B��ii/,- of II. N. A.
At a meeting of the shareholders oi
the Bank of British North America, held
in London on the 5th inst., a dividend of
35 shillings per ��50 share was declared.
H. J. G. Kendall, director, presided. In
the courso of liis remarks be referred to
the satisfactory freedom from all financial panic exhibited by Canada at present, when so much depression exlstod
elsewhere. This, he contended, showed
the soundness of the Canadian banks,
and tho stability of its banking system.
The prospects of the country's business
and industries and harvest outlook were
good. All of which Is gratifying news
coming from such a quarter.
The Ainoha's Case.
Ottawa, Sept.   9.���The   Minister   of
Murine   and   Fisheries    received   from
British Columbia the papers  In connection with tho seizure of   the sealer Alno-
ka by a Russian cruiser.    A technicality
has arisen in consequence of tlie captain
of   tho schooner not   having   complied
with tho orders of the Russian commander to proceed to Yokohama, but ho explained that the hunters refused to bu
taken there, and thev tar out-numbered
tho white   men   on  board.   Ho   alleges
that ho was lusldo  the  80-mile  limit at !
the time of the seizure, but that this was j
In   consequence of contrary winds, and |
that for six days previously no bnuts hud |
been lowered.
The Union mine's coal exhibit at tho
World's Fair took a lirst prize.
Fine grazing land Is reported to havo
been found in tho Nltinat Valley of Van
couvcr Island.
iron ore, alleged to run lu a vein 75
feet thick, has lately been brought in
from Baruluy Sound.
A lire Tuesday week destroyed nearly
?5,ooo worth of lumber in the saw mill
company's yard at Golden.
John Bessou, of Hatzic Prairie, lost
his barn and whole crop of hay last
week by lire; loss, $700.
John Wolf, Westminster road,' is
mourning tlie death of his wife, aged 34,
which occurred from typhoid fever on
it is proposed to form a society of
sheepowners at Duncan's to Insure
against loss by panthers on the mutual
A butcher's combine, lately formed at
Nanainio, has been dissolved and meat
prices are falling, much to the general
An old offender, named John Henderson, has been sent to Jail at Nanainio
for a month with hard labor, on uchurge
of selling whiskey to Indians.
Very good recounts come from the
Sooko district of Vancouver Island, us
to the contentment and general welfare
of the rural population of  that  district.
Pre-emption is much in vogue at present in and around Nakusp. A new valley has been discovered about 50 miles
down Arrow Luke, which bids fair to
equal the most fertile parts of Jthe Province.
Mr. II. Carinlchael, Provincial assayer,
Is inspecting tbe gold reefsof the Albernl
district, wllb a view to ascertain whether
they are rich enough to justify the making of trails to  them   by the  Provincial
On the morning of the 7th inst,, the
body of James Lamb wus found threo
miles east of North Bend In u horribly
mutilated condition. He had been
struck by a west bound passenger train.
Tliu coroner's Jury attached nu blame to
A sudden squall off the Cupper Island
coast caused some lime since the capsizing of a boat belonging to tho sealer
1 awn and the loss of the three men out
lu her. The Fawn returns with some
900 skins aboard. She reports generally
unfavorable weulber ami a diminishing
Quick work bus been done on the \'u-
kusp und Sloi'iiu railroad. The roadbed
has been graded lor some distance, the
rails laid, switches completed In every
detail and part of the  track Is ready for
the roiling stuck.   The completion of the
road lu the head Of Slocaii   Lake will, it
is thought, be celebrated   In   September.
Complaints aro beard that tourists who
lish in tho ICootouay, bolow Nolsou, allow their catch to rot on the river bank.
If this lie true, efforts should be made to
regulate the sport, to the end not only
tbat the lisii caught should not be
wasted, but that the river be not depleted of a food supply that our people
may ere lung require.
On Tuesday night, at Nanainio, an
Indian woman named Alary l'olpertim,
in a drunken stupor, fell over a high
bluff near Chinatown, a distuncu of 00
feet, and broke her neck. Her body
was found next morning. An Inquest
will be held. Mary was supplied with
liquor by a halfbroed. who, after tho recovery of the body, made himself scarce
and has not been caught yot.
A. Graham and 111, Flanagan report
the discovery of a mineral belt to the
northeast of Grizzly Creek, a now and
unknown region.
An effort is being made to arrange a
collection of Kootcnay and Slocan ores
for the forthcoming Portland and Sail
Francisco exhibitions.
Another find of nickel has been made
in the Lardeau, but the fortunate discoverer refusos to have his ore assayed
in the district, so no particulars arc obtainable.   The ore appears to be rich.
An assay from the Morning claim, on
White Grouse. Mountain, near tlie Big
Four, on the divide between the St.
Mary's and tho Goat River country,
shows a return of 89 ozs. silver and 24
per cent, copper.
At a public meeting of the residents of
Kaslo it was resolved to accept from the.
townslto company lots 17, 18 and 19 lu
block 30 for school purposes. It Is mentioned that a select school Is one of the
probabilities of the near future.
J. A." Mara, M. P., has been tolling
the Casio press that ho would like to
see a Canadian mint established In ISril-
Uh Coluiunii . ami that be is lu favor of
tlie Canadian Government redeeming the.
$1, $2 and <-4 bills and coining silver to
take their place.
The owners of the Washington mine
are erecting winter quarters for the men
and otherwise preparing for a big season's work. Thirty minors are at present employed, which number will be Increased to 511 on October 1st. A contract
has boon let to haul out 1,Otto tons of
The Dardanelles has begun to ship
ore; tlie Washington averages about 10
tone per week; the Idaho Is sending out
ull that the puck train is able tu handle;
the Mountiil'i Chief bus a steady output
ot about 20 tuns per week; the Blue
Bird is making strenuous efforts tu nil
her 125 ton contract, and the Wellington
Is shipping as fast as teums can be procured to haul.
On tho divide between the Lurdu and
Duncan rivers Is an extensive lime and
marble bolt, called the lime contact,
This extraordinary formation stands out
In bold relief from the adjoining walls,
and at any point In Its several miles uf
length and lilt) feet width, mineral can
he found. Prospectors and experts who
have seen it pronounce if a must wonderful spectacle and assert thill it Is plainly
visible at a distance of 20 miles away.
Old CarlbOO Still looms us, proving
every day that the people have grout OX-
noctatlons of ii onntry.   Mr. A. l>.
Whit tier returned    the   other   day from
London, England, and at once proceedod
up country in Wi'llauis Creek, Nearly
two years ago an expert was engaged to
Investigate the property, and bis report
Ollly confirmed the  owners' belief uf the
richness of  the claim,   it is estimated
that some 820,000,000 bus been taken out
of the locality, but, instead uf being exhausted the expert was of opinion that
It wus rich enough to yield as much
more. Consequently negotiations took
place, which called Mr. Whlttlor to London, where be bus been for the past 18
months. The result is the formation of
a company with lots of capita' backing
it, whOSO Intention Is to commence work
right away and push It along as fast, as
possible, the Idea being tu havo as much
machinery as can be placed lu position
before the winter sets in.
Yang Vu, the now Clilncsu minister,
has beon assured bv Secretary Gresham
that Chinese exclusion will not ho enforced.
British  Wheat Crop,
Toronto, Sept. 9.���Tho Umpire to-day
publishes the following special cablegram dated London, Sept. 8.���A new estimate of the British wheat crop for
1893 was published tu-duy. It puts tho
crop lu round numbers at 54,000,000
bushels, which Is slightly under .the last
estimate given out. The imports continue large and the receipts from Canada
are expected to be greater with a British
consumption of 230,000,000 bushels from
all sources. It Is believed there Is a
possibility of higher prices.
Arrangements for the coming tour of j
thu Premier are practically completed.
After a great demonstration In Montreal
this week In tho first place, Sir John
will visit Belleville, where be will attend
a banquet given In Mr. Corby's honor.
The further programme is as follows:
Elmira, North Waterloo, Soptcmbor
25th, afternoon; Berlin, 25th, evening;
Clinton, West Huron, 20th, afternoon;
Stratford, 26th, evening; Walkerton,
East Bruce, 27th: Tara, North Bruce,
28th, afternoon; Southhampton, 28th,
evening; Durham, 29th, banquet In the
evening; Arthur, 30th. Sir John Thompson and Hon. George E. Foster will visit
all these, places and different points.
Their other colleagues will attend and
speak. Tho Premier is simply deluged
with invitations from different portions
of the country to visit cities and towns
to deliver addressed, but it is a physical
Impossibility to accept thuut all. In arranging tho tour the Liberal-Conservative Union had In view the selection of
central points for different constituencies, in which  meetings will  bo held.
W. Challoner, of Melbourne, has written to Mayor Cope that tho people there
are evincing considerable interest in
Vancouver, and asking liini to send to
the writer somo descriptive literature
and maps of  the city.
So far no settlement has beon reached
in the tailor's strike, and the situation
remains unchanged, both masters and
men being adverse to any compromise.
Men have been sent for from the cast,
and the tailors oxpoct to fill tho places
of the strikers In a few days.
On Tuesday afternoon, an elderly Indian of the Fort Rupert tribe, known as
Poutlet, was run over and frightfully
mangled by a freight train opposite the
ranclierie. The yard engine, on which
wore T. J. Coughlfn, John Dunn, II.
Purdy and others, was shunting cars on
tho Hastings Saw Mill siding. Poutlet
was walking along the track away from
tho train. Win. Anderson, a colored
man who lives in that vicinitv, saw tho
Indian's impending danger and called to
him, but Poutlet wus either drunk or
deaf and took no hood. A moment later
the car, which, in this Instance, preceded
tho engine, struck him, throwing him
beneath the wheels. The bead was almost sevcrod from the trunk and the
body was otherwise horribly mangled,
The police were notified and the remains
taken lo the morgue. Thu Inquest took
place Wednesday afternoon.
EsTAiir.n.iiKD 1802.
Wholesale and Retail Dealers
The Government uf New Zealand has
definitely deckled to take no part Iii the
movement for colonial federation. This
determination is received without any
feeling of surprise   in   Australia; indeed
j it is hold that the federation of Australia and Tasmania will be rather facilitated thereby than otherwise. Separated as New Zealand is from tho couti-
| nent by 1,200 miles, she is awkwardly
situated for a combined defence scheme
] Fanners in   thu  other  colonies, too, aro
J generally opposed to New Zealand being
taken into a confederation on account of
her prolilic production of outs, maize
und barley, with which she floods the
continental market despite the heavy
duties put on by some of the colonies to
kuep it out of conipotiou with hor local
growers. Now Zoaland's exports are
half as largo again as her Imports, and
confidence in her own strength, as well
as her isolated position, account for tliu
stand she has tttkoii.
Carpenters' Tools, Farm and Garden Implements,
Shears, Scissors and Razors, Table and Pocket Cutlery
Axes, Picks, Mattocks, Shovels and Spades.
Cross-cut Saws, Buck Saws and Hand Saws.
Peevies, Canthooks, Wheelbarrows and Scrapers.
Baling Wire, Russel Barb and Woven Wire Fencing.
Iron and Lead Pipe, Pumps and Sinks.
While liCiui mid ilod Lend, Dry ami Mixed Colors, Enamel and Car.
ringe hihils and Artists' Table Colors.
The output of sugar in Queensland this
season is estimated at 80,000 tons. Tho
areas under cane are considerably in excess of last year.
It is stated that several engineers, engaged by tho C. P. R., arrived tlie other
day at Grand Prairie after seeking a
pass between the Kootcnay and Okana-
gan mountains for a proposed continuation of the C. P. It. route through the
Crow's Nest l'ass.
\ t EltOIIANT'S HOTEL, cornerof MoNeely
\\   and Columbia Streets.     Best   Wines
and Cigars kept constantly on  hand.   .IAS.
CASH. Proprietor.
OCCIDENTAL HOTEL, corner Columbia
and Beg-bie Streets. New Westminster.
B.C. Kates for Board and Lodging: Per
day, $1.00: per week, $S.r,0. Tlie best of Wines.
Liuuors and Cigars dispensed ut the bar.
.1. o. OKAY, Proprietor.
Lubricating and Paint Oils, Kerosene Oils, Cycle and Sewing
Machine Oils.
\j  Westminster, The leading Hotel. Whit*
cook, clean bods and moderate oharges.  rJ
best of Wines, Liquors and Cigars.    Try m
and you will always come again.   COLLfER.
Columbia Street. New
"' Re
The Very Latest in
Tinware,   Woodenware,   Enamelled   Iron   Ware,    Lanterns,
Baskets,  Pails, Tubs, Brushes, Mops, Brooms
Churns and Wringers.
Paint & Varnish, Whitewash, Scrubbing & Blacking.
Waterproof and   Mackintosh Coats.
American Blue Riveted Overalls, $1.00 Per Pair.
Mens' Wool Socks, Nine Pairs for $1.00.
Manilla, Cotton and Lisal Rope, Baling Rope, Binder Twine;.
Hop Twine, Salmon Twines, Sack Twine, Lath Yarn, etc.
Leading Clothier & Hatter,
709 to 711 Columbia St.,   -   New Westminster.
D. S. CURTIS &. Co., New Westminster.
Lime, Plaster and Cement,  Drain Pipe, Terra Cotta
Chimney Pipe.
iciiics. siioi Onnii Revolvers. Cartridge itcliH ami (Jim c.'hhch,
4':ti'li'l<lK'<'M. Nli��vll*. Wu��ln, Cap* ami I'rinu'is. Nhot iiimI
ItnlletH, I'uwdcr In bulk and lu Hanks,
<>aiii<> Traps. KU%, Etc.
Prices Reasonable.     Correspondence Invited.
Country Orders will receive Prompt Attention.
Street  ��� New Westminster?


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