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The Pacific Canadian Mar 3, 1894

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Array W3
Vol. I.
No. 25.
MERCHANT'S HOTEL, corner of McNeely
and (Jolumbin Streets. Best Wines
nnd Cigars kept, constantly on band. .IAS.
CASH, Proprietor.
ROOM. Oysters fresh dally, All game
in season. Open duy und night, Meals at
all hours, FIrst-elusscusine. N'u Chinamen.
HARRY HUGHES, Proprietor.
GROTTO HOTEL. This House lias been
thoroughly renovated and refurnished,
and the proprietor solicits a share of public
patronage. MEALS. 26 cents. White cooks.
(I. K. SMALL, Proprietor.
mllB TELEGRAPH HOTEL, Front street,
1 opposite to tiie Ferry Landing. Nothing inn choicest oi' Liquors and cigars, Telephone 163., I'. O. BOS Wl. HOllAN ISKOS..
1,M('KotT  HOUSE,    corner    Front
1j  Bogblp st reel-*. New Westminster
elass lioil-d and lodging.   BobI win
and cigars supplied   ill
SWANSON, Proprietors
ii lift
li -
One Dollar per Year.
The subscription price of this paper is
$1 per annum. The Pacific Canadian
is the only $1 papor published in British
Columbia, and is certainly tho best
paper published for the money in any
of tho western Provinces of Canada. A
newspaper is an educator, and no
family should be without one. The
Canadian Is designed for a family paper,
and is always free of objectionable
matter. Every home should have it.
Only $1 per year.
to tin
OCCIDENTAL HOTEL, comer Oolumbla
and Begbie sireeis. New Weatmtnsi
B.C.    Ratal for   Hoard   I   Lodging    '
day, $1.00; por woek, (6.150. Tho be
l.iiiuors  and Cigars dispell
.1. c. oua v. Proprietor,
ed   lit
ihe bar.
DEPOT HOTEL, Oolumbla Stroet,   New
Westminster, The best 11,00 a day house
in Canada.   The rooms are superior, aud the
9 well adapted to the needs or families,
'ial rales arc given.    Hoard bv
Hotel Is
to whom spec
the week at reduced rates.
HOTEL DOUGLAS, corner of Columbia
and MeKenzie Streets. New Westminster. American and European plan. Shaving
Surlor attached, under the management of
'. Walker. Restaurant open day and night.
Sample room for commercials. A..T.TOLMIE,
Proprietor. Telephone 111.
"P.O.BOX 284.
rpHE HOLBKOOK HOUSE, Front Street,
J_ New Westminster. This Is tho popular
Hotel of the city. Airy and well furnished
rooms. Cusine department carefully supervised, and the dining tables supplied  with
all the luxurios of the season. Banquets
spread to order. Late suppers provided at
short notice. Choice Wines, Liquors and
Cigars In the sample room. A. VACHON.
FOR Sale or exchange for property In B. C.
One hundred acres of land In Munitoulin
Island���SO acres cleared, balance good hardwood and cedar. Four miles from county
town, 1 mile from school, good house, good
water, Title good. Adress. SUBSCRIBER
Office Pacific Canadian.
Pure Bred Berkshire
The undersigned, breeder of Pure Bred
erkshire Swine, has always on band pigs of
II aires, which will l)e sold at reasonable
Berkshi.. .-, ,
all ages, which
prides.   Applv to
Olovurdulc. B.C.
35 MeKtmzlu .struct, Now Westminster,
Clote Cleaned, Repel Dyed.
Ladies' Dresses, Gents' Suits and Overcoats
Cleaned, Dyed and Pressed Equal to new.
Gents' Clothes neatly repaired. Velvets,
Plush, Silks, Feathers or Gloves cleaned or
dyed. Sunshades, Black Silk Umbrellas,
Blankets, Sheep-skin Uujrs. beautifully
cleaned or renewed in color.
Cff"    Rubber Coats   Dyed,   J��\
SPECIALTY���Lace Vnrtaiitn Moaned or
JDj/ed in all the Lalenl Shades.
Mainland Truck and Dray
Draylng & TeamiiiK Promptly
Attended to.
Agents for T. Hembrough & Co.'s llriek,
Tile and l'ottery Works.
Orders received fortlllley &. Sogers'Coal.
lilt. Tikis.   SHANNON,
returned yesterday from
Tins river has   been   free of ice   from
tho beginning of the  week,   ami  tho
boats are ull running their rogular trips.
A man named David Reld) who hud
arrived from Surrey on liis way to Victoria, was beaten and rolilied of $20 on
Thursday night.
Mil. A. CAMERON, of Lochiel, was ovor
to Victoria this week, delegated bv the
settlers of the 2}.; mile bolt, to try and
obtain a grant for roads and other needed works In that promising settlement,
Mr. A. 11. H0WELI.8, of the Mission
City News, and Mi. A. E. Campbell, of
the Nanaimo Telegram, were in town on
Thursday, on business connected with
their respective papers.
A new weekly paper to bo called The
Province is expected to make its first appearance to-day. Tho head-quarters of
tbe journal will bo in Victoria, from
whence It will be distributed to the four
cities of the coast.
Tiik woollen mills here aro shortly to
be in operation again. They have been
leased for f term of four years by Messrs.
Booyer & Co., of Vancouver, who will
start In Immediately to put the establishment in working order.
Somk of our citizens mourn the departure for parts unknown of Reginald
C. Blaker, who has resided hero for several years, lately following the occupation of auctioneer. Hefore leaving he
issued a uumbor of bogus cheques hero
and In Vancouver.
Mn. 11. P. Bayles, of Dewdney, a well
known and highly esteemed rancher of
that promising municipality, was in
town during the weok. Mr. Bayles
thinks the ro-distribution bill Is a first-
rate measure, with the exception that
the cities of Victoria and Vancouver are
given too many representatives.
The man O'Leary, accused of inflicting terrible injuries on William Glen at
Arrow Lake a couple of weeks ago,
came from Seattle on Monday and gave
himself up to Governor Moresby, of the
Provincial jail. He claims to be able to
prove his Innocence, while Glen, who is
now likely to recover, admits that he
may have been trod upon by a horse.
On Monday morning at the Royal City
Mills, Nowton Brown and Robt. McCul-
lotigh wore doing some work on some old
tanks, when the breaking of the frame
they were working on nearly caused a
fatal accident. McCullough did not fall
far and was not seriously hurt, but
Brown fell a distance of 35 feet, alighting on some old timbers, and was badly
injured, though It is believed thut ho will
Reeve Kelly, of Coquitlam, is in high
feather just now, having received word
a few days ago that the Governor-in-
Councll had decided to extend tho limits
of the municipality as petitioned for last
year. The new area comprises tho Ross-
McLaren mills property and a section of
the municipality of Maple Ridge, on the
west side of Pitt River, of great importance to Coquitlam for dyking purposes.
Mr. Kelly has been zealously working
for tills extension for many months, and
the success of bis efforts will be of very
great advantage in many ways to thd
municipality ovor which he so ably
The people of Dewdney municipality,
we are told, are desirous that Mr. Thos.
Cunningham, of this c'ty, should oiler as
a candidate for Dowdney   electoral   dis-
Corrcspomlencc of Pacific Canadian.
Thero was a large turn out on the
evening of the 21st ult., to hear the Debating Society discuss the question,
"Which is the most wonderful, the works
i of Nature or tho works of Art?" Wm.
McMenemy led for Nature and .1. Biggar
for Art. The question was decided in
favor of Nature. At tho close of the
debate, tlie evening's entertainment was
filled in with song.
Since the weather has settled down to
hard pan, the settlers have commenced
to burn down lir trees, logs, etc., preparing for spring. With one exception we
are all looking for an curly season. The
exception is Mr. Bourque, who bus lost
faith in tho weather and Capt. Poele;
also lu Brown, Sword, Kitchen and all
othor self-appointed tribunals. So swears
lie   will   leave   the   country,   if    wurni
wenl her will oomo to help him out; but It
is hoped he will change   liis   mi ml
stay awhile.
John Murray, of Langley Prairie, is in
our settlement, with A. Cameron, scouring the win ids witli hounds iii pursuit of
panthers und wild cuts. It is u melancholy time for wild animals, as nothing
Can escape those two bold hunters ami
their (logs. After they get through their
hunt, traveling in the woods will be
Dan. Gunn left for the Royal City logging camp this week.
Shields & Flcmmiiig are clearing land
for Murdock Kirby.
A. Cameron is making good use of his
spare time in getting all tlie names possible on tlie voters' list for the coming
election. Neighbor Sandy gives it as his
opinion that the country wants no more
brown-cotton, kitchen-swords, or wide-
tire racket; that loss jaw and more roads
will fill the bill to the genoral satisfaction. Spent gas on the platform is poor
food for a man who has to wade knee-
deep iu the mud to procure the necessaries of life, and It is the man who talks
less and helps tho roads that may expect
to be helped at the polls.
Lochiel, Feb. 22, '94.
A' rise tae   a  question   o'  privilege,
Maistor  Editor.     What the   de'il's the
matter wi' oor representatives at  Victoria ?   Ha'e. tho a' gaon  daft, or ha'e i
they   been   ha'eing   a  wee  drap  ower j
rnuckle hot Scotch  tae put some spirit
intao tbo puir  Opposition   bodies.     If I
trny're troubled wi' a surplus o' heather j
dew, jist tell them to sen'some o'it oot!
here tae Surrey and we'll see  that tliey i
dinna hurt thomsel's.    The  worl'  is no'j
com in' tae an  end sac soon  that tliey
winna ha'e time  tae  pass  tho estimates
witboot  turnin' nicht into day an' gaun j
on  like a  lot o' daflies.    A'could  get;
half a dozen   auld  wives  that  would do
more business  in   ill minutes thun they
did a' lust   Friday nicht,  wl' a' their
feebtin' an' ilooln' off the handle.
A'm  unco sorry to tell  you  that wo!
ha'e diphtheria wi' us again.   Maistor '
Leinster. o' Hall's Prairie lost one o' his
bairns yesterday, and Johnny Armstrong
went tae Westminster to-day tae get
and j certificate to bury tho remains,
Samuk McLaooan.
Correspondence Pacific Canadian.
Since tlie late frost has gone, tbe
roads Id this neighborhood are in a very
bail condition, tlie present storm Increasing their almost Impassable state.
A few days ago Mr. A. Bamford met
with a very unfortunate accident. Ho
had been fixing a feed cutter, and in the
operation by some means got his left
thumb into the gearing, Inflicting a very
painful wound.
Tho work on the Anderson creek and
road is progressing satisfactorily, and
will bo of great bonefit to the locality.
The mean temperature at this station
for tho month of February was, max.,
41.08 ; min. 29.24 ; precipitation, 3.07.
March 1st, 1894.
Imnorter ami Manufacturer of
Harness, Saflftles, Etc.
64-7 Front St., New Westminster.
Maister Editor:
Ye ha'e heard or read Mrs. Caudle's
Lectures a'vo nao doot, but, man,|thoy're
nacthing ava tae Mrs. McLaggan's
when sho gets on the war path. A' tell
'e the storm that burst aboot ma lugs
tbe last nicht a' wrote ye, when a' opened oor bedroom door, was something
awfu'. A' hae seen and heard in ma
travels shinin' samples o'flytin' vulgarly
ca'd "jawin,"'���even in oor ain neighborhood we ha'e some dandies, somo on
whom the Lord has poured his richest
blessing In this respec'���but, losh me,
oor wife fairly capped them a' that nicht.
A' was most damfoon'ered, an stood wi'
tbe door in my ban', swltherin' whether
tae gang in or no. Suddenly she stopped
in tlie middle o' a burst o' indignation,
an' said she, "Sandle McLaggan, what
paper was yo writin' for this nicht? tell
me ye auld scapegrace." A' said timidly, "The Paceefic Canadian, ma'm."
Says sho, "Why did ye no' tell me that
beforo, yo goukye? Come here till a'
kiss ye���a' thought ye was writin' for
that confoonded Columbian or the Victoria Times. Noo, mind ye, whatever
ye dae, keep the fair side o' the Government, Sandie, for they're turnin' gracious." She drew ma face to hers, for
bv this time a' had shuffled up tae the
bed side, an' gi'ed me a kiss that soonded
a' through the hoose, remarkin' as she
finished, "They might gi'e us a post
oflice, Sandle, ye kon."
By the bye, a' had a confab wi' twa o'
tlie dykers the ither afternoon. "What's
the matter wi' ye noo," a' said, "that ye
want to start hoosekcepin' on your ain
book? Is the auld hoose no big enuff,
or is it ou'er big ?" They looked at ane
anither an' then at me, an' said, "It's
agin the rules to tell tales oot o' skule."
"Never mind the tales," said I; "gi'e
me tlie heads, then, they're better than
the tails ony day." A' might as wool
held my wind to cool ma parritch, for
de'il a thing a' could get oot o' them,
either heads or tails. A' felt mysel' in
the same ship wi' the Glasgow police
magistrate beforo whom a street arab
was brought: "Whaur dae ye leeve
callan ?" said he. "Dae yo ken 2115 Eg-
linton streot?" said the boy. "Yes,"
replied tlie worthy official, "Weel it's
no' there," returned the urchin wl' a
grin. "Come, come, a'll ha'e nae foolin'
here," said the Bench.    "Dae ye ken 3(1.",
Council mot on I?eb. 24. Present���
Reeve R. B. Kellv and Couns. Atkins.
Fox and Morrison
Communications were read and dealt
with as follows:
From solicitor Aulay Morrison, re
municipal extension. Received and
FromProv. Secretary, re polling booth
at Westminster J unction. Received and
From Dr. Beekingsale, re his assessment.   Received and filed.
From Wm. Dodd, re payment of taxes
during Mr. Proud's term as collector.
Received and filed, and the Clerk directed to write Mr. Dodd, explaining the fact
of the case.
From Prov. Librarian, asking for
financial report of the Municipality.
Recoived, and tho Clerk directed to forward cony of printed statement.
From Mr. Tregent, of the Yorkshire
Guaranteo Co.    Roceived and filed.
On motion the Reeve and Clerk were
authorized to transfer the business of
the Council from the Bank of Montreal
to the Bank of British Columbia, New
On motion, the Reeve and Clerk were
directed to lend the Sinking Fund to
parties in this municipality giving proper security.
A motion of condolence was passed
expressive of the sincere sympathy of
members and officers of this Council to
Mr. Corbould, M.P., in his very sad
R. D. Irvine, assessor, returned the
Assessment Roll to the Council, completed for the year 1894, and parties
desirous of examining it can do so by
calling at the Clerk's office, Westmistner
On motion a resolution was passod expressive of the approval of this Council
of tbe Government giving all reasonable
aid to the construction of tho Delta,
New Westminster & Eastern Railway.
and of a free traffic bridge at New Westminster, and tho Clork was directed to
forward a copy of said resolution to the.
Bills ordered paid: Joseph Norman,
bounty on noxious animals, 28 cents;
Geo. Mouldio, bounty on noxious animals, 75 cents; Commercial Printing Co.,
$12; J. McLeod, 82.50.
Council adjourned.
A petition from W. B. Hall and others
directing tlie attention of the Council to
a large tree standing in a dangerous
position both to life and property. Coun.
Hookway to have it seen to as soon as
On motion, Coun. Gordon was authorized to let the repairing of the II. P. road,
near tlie brick and tile works by competition, giving duo notice of same, tlie
work not lo exceed 850.
The committee appointed to enquire
Into and adjust the trouble arising out of
tlie dam in the Clover Valley road ditch
having beon removed; also to see about
tiio corduroy and flood gates near the
Nicomekl river on tho above road, and
Hood gates near the Nicomekl river on
the Coast Meridian road, agreed to meet
at the bridgo over the above river on
the 0. M. road at u a.m., Saturday,
March Brd.
Coun. Hookway wus authorized to call
for tenders for corduroying aboul eighty
rods ou the Wade roud, lenders to he in
al nexl meeting of tlie Council.
it was decided not to have tho audi-1
lot's report published, us it wus a lengthy j
document and had been read beforo a
large number of the ratepayers, owing
to the cost of printing it. It will bo
open for Inspection at the Clerk's house
and at thu Hall at eacli meeting of tlie
The Reeve and Clerk were authorized
to get all papers aud necessary Information concerning tho sales of land for
taxes, and havo them confirmed by a
judge as soon as possible.
On motion the Attorney-General be
requested to havo the rules governing
appeals amonded as follow:���Sec. 63,
Supremo Court rules governing appeals,
insert at end as follows: "or upon any
decision of a judge on a question of law
upon any appeal from a court of revision in sec. 109 of the Municipal
Act 1892."
The offer of S. A. Richmond to take
care of tho hall for the ensuing year was
Accounts as follows were ordered paid:
B. C. Gazette, $2.50; Geo. Figg, 83; Wm.
Figg, $1; Commercial Printing Co.,
$34.50; E. A. Wyld, $1.39; E. M. Carncross, $10; J. C. McLennan, $10.
Tho Municipal Officers By-law was
passed sermtim.
The amendment to tho Improvement
Exemption By-law recoived its first reading.
On motion it was docided that the
Council should meet every other Saturday, next meeting to bo on the 10th of
March at 1 p.m.
We do not hold ourselves responsible for tlie
opinions of correspondents.
trlct at the approaching elections. Mr. | Sauchicliall stroet," then retorted the
Cunningham Is not a new man to the araD\ "Indeed a' dae," said tho Court.
Legislature, having formerly sat iu tlie >.\Veol it's no' there eithers," said the
House for two terms.      He Is largely in- J boy, trying bard tae conceal liis satisfac-
terested in Dewdney municipality, where Ujon at having ootwlttod tlie law again,
he owns an estate of some live hundred | "AMI  ha'e yo  put in jail If ye don't tell
acres, which lie Is improving with commendable enterprise, and In such manner as to se'jure tlie good will of that'
community. I'lidoubtedly, Mr. Cunningham would make an efficient representative.
Wanted���a position as short-hand and
type writer. Lawyer's office preferred.
Koforencos furnished.    Apply,
A. B., care Pacific Canadian.
Yesterday wus a very quiet day at tlie
market. There were no special features
to note. Pork lias taken a turn lor the
belter. The following are eiirreiil limitations:
Poultry scarce. Ileus, 80 per doz.|
chickens, live. &8.60.
Butter. 50 to lib cents per roll. Eggs.
25 lo 311 cents per doz.
Pork, whole, 8 tu 9 cents: cuts, li to 11
lieef. furequurtcrs. $0.50,; hindquarters, Wl cuts, 8 to 12JJ cents.
Mutton, 9Ji cents by the carcase: cuts.
8 to 12 cents.
Hay, SI2 to $13 per ton.
Oats, $27 to $30 per ton. Wheat, $28
to $30.
Potatoes, $20 per ton, and a little
weak. Turnips, $9; mangolds. $7;
white carrots, $9; red carrots, $10 to
$11; beets, 114 cents por lb.: cabbage,
none; parsnips, 1J cents per pound;
onions, none.
Applos, 91 to $1.25 por box.
me at once, yo little blackguard ye."
"Weel, yo ken thu stane pump In the
Brlggate, diuna ye, Maister Magistrate?"
"Yes," responded the official. "Weel.
yo can gang an'pump It, [or you'll no'
pump mo."
Ae thing a' did lind ool, an' that was
that they'll1 vera anxious tae see the
valuable  lands  o'  the Serpentine   Huts
ideemed at as early a period as possiblo.
Tho Council met on Saturday, Fob. 24,
at 1 p.m.
Present���Reeve Armstrong and Couns.
Hookway, Gordon, Keery, Johnson.
The minutes of last meeting wero read
and confirmed.
Communications wero read as follows:
From Peter Brodie, complaining of the
removal of timber from his land, and
claiming $250 for same. The Clerk to
reply that the Council liavo no knowledge of the removal of any timber from
those lands, but referred him to soc. 207
Municipal Act, 1892.
From Mr. McMillan, ro Youdall &
Sinclair's statute labor vouchers not produced. There was no action taken iu
tlie matter.
Cuun. Gordon reported the Hull's
Prairie road In a very bad state near the
It's tae the Interest of'tho municipality I Brick and Tile works.
generally that sueh should be the case.
It would seem also, from their side o' the
story, that appropriations that ha'e been
for the Improvement o' baltb tbe Nicomekl  an'   Sepentlno   rivers,   ha'e   1 n
Utilised iof the Nicomekl alone, leavln'
the Serpentine oot in the cold. There
are a great many points o' interest ou
this subject a' would like tao discuss,
but a' ha'e nae time tlie noo. There is
nae doot something will be done wi'the
dam soon, either by the Government or
by a syndicate o' the dykers themsels.
The sooner the butter for a' concerned.
A'm awfu' rnuckle afraid that the
creamery business is gaun' up spout. It
bad an airing ae duy last week, but
Chris Broon fairly knocked tlie stuffin'
oot o' It. Chris, would sneer tho bottom
oot o'an empty barrel or butter firkin
ony day. llooever, the matter Is left iu
tbo ban's o' a committee, tae gather up
a' information available.
lie   was  author
repaired, work to
after   due   notice,
ized to have the road
be let by competition    	
bill not lo exceed 850.
Tho Reeve reported that the report of
Mr. W. Murray on the draw lu .Shannon
bridge, was that it would cost 8700 to
put similar one iu the Elgin bridge.
This amount was u.ore than had been
calculated upon, and that ho (tlie Reeve)
hud employed Mr. I). Stewart lo open
tlie prosent draw whenever necessary to
allow steamers to pass through.
From J. A. Forin. re Thrift vs. Surrey,
taken up from lust meotlng, a notice
of judgment against Mr. Thrift for tlie
municipality of $164.05, The Reeve reported that Mr. Thrift had paid this
A petition from Thos. Watson and fivo
others, calling attention to tbo bad state
of tho road on the top of Lester's Hill.
Coun. Gordon was authorized to attend
to this as soon as possiblo.
To the Editor of the Pacific Canadian. ���
Sir,���Permitme through your columns
to reply to your Hazelmere correspondent. He appears to think that "One
Interested" is employed by a "clique."
who are trying to run tho affairs of this
most glorious and beautiful corner of
Surrey, to do what he terms their "dirty
work." He also goes on to say that he
"has the same right that any one has to
sympathise with these in distress."
There is no one with any common sense
that would say otherwise ; but that does
not give the required anewer. He says
"the jury did Mr. and Mrs. Bamford a
wrong In censuring them." Well, what
gall the man must have I How does he
know ? This is rather a previous position for him to assume. Allow mo to
say for tho information of him and others, that tho jury never censured anyone, aud if he will look up his dictionary
and lind out the meaning of the words
in tbe verdict, it may bo beneficial to
bim in future.
lie further savs, "he wrote a note to
Mr. and Mrs. Bamford expressing his
deep regret that they were about to
leave this country," etc. Why does be
not speak the truth and say that he
went to their door with a very long faco
and asked them "if ho could be of any
material use to them in their hour of
trial." What was said or did In the
house I cannot say, but the next thing
was 11. T. T. was running round to find
his "estimable friend," to ask him if he
bad seen the last issue of the Canadian.
What a glorious and noble piece of work
he bad performed in censuring tho jury
and injuring them (Mr. aud Mrs. Bamford)
in taking up a subject he knew nothing
about. Any one acquainted with tho
friendship existing between them, knows
about the extent of their love for each
other. Thu weight of It would sink an
iceberg in a calm sea. and the power of
it. If brought iu contact, would shatter
the rocks of Gibraltar and deprive old
England of her great Stronghold whicli
she prizes so highly.
Let all who aro Interested refer back
to ll. T. T.'s lirst communication, also
his two replies, und judge for themselves.
If they cun make head or lull of them
I tliey beat me. They are misleading and
| contradictory,  as  nearly all items from
that quarter are.   lu my opinion "It Is
I easier for a camel to go through the eye
' of a needle." than it is for him to write
the truth on any subject. I deny those
"Indisputable facts," which lie speaks of
ill his first letter, is he alluding to hi n-
self when   he   says,   he "cannot   but oh-
servo the ignorance of tbe parties interested"? Did lie hour the evidence given
, by Ms'clierislied friends or any portion of
jit? II so. let bim come out und say
| what it was, so that the peoplo may
judge for themselves, whether tbe jury
j returned a proper verdict or not.
For your correspondent's information,
and 1 trust benefit, allow  me to say I do
not  consider him   ignorant,   only,  but
I downright   ignorant.     Further,   in   my
i opinion, lie is   woll   qualified   for  three
' things���falsehood,  audacity and meanness.   I consider   It   is   impossible   for
respectable peoplo to  get  down  to his
level, and I dare say that accounts for
his being allowod to misrepresent affairs
to the  public   so   long   without   being
I exposed.
As regards his friend desiring him to
givo an unqualified denial to tho statement concerning his confession, permit
mo to say that I can bring sufficient
proof that he did make that confession.
I would like to say that, outside of your
correspondent, the settlers of Hall's
Prairie are getting along at present with
more friendly feeling towards each
other than ever existed hero before, and
if II.T. T. would emigrate to tho "Greon
Isle" or learn to mind his own business
nnd let other people's ulone, this would
be ono of the most peaceable and Chris-
tlan-llke communities one could lind In
any part of this most glorious and beautiful "Surrey of ours."
One of the Clique..
To ihe Editor of Paoiflo Canadian,
Sir,���With   your permission I   should
like in reply to the communication in
your last issue signed by II. T. Thrift.
Indeed. I feel I should helloing the jurv
tu tlie case in question and the respectable people of Hull's Prairiee great Injustice were 1 to allow it to puss unnoticed.
As for signing my Dame to anything I
shull write on this subject, 1 beg leavo
to Inform his august majesty that 1 am
not ashamed of my name, but am not so
anxious to see it iii print as ho is, therefore I shall not sign it unless requested
to by some higher authority than he.
His remarks about "clique," otc.,
clearly shows tho envy that reigns in his
corrupt heart. Let me tell him that tho
people, in this community, as well as tho
majority throughout this municipality,
are vory thankful (and with great reason) tbat he no longer runs affairs in
any part of Surrey. 1 beg leave to call
attention to the fact that the articlo he
wrote is a fair specimen iu prevarication
and misrepresentation of all his former productions. Why, any one not
acquainted with tho facts woold be led
by his statements to supposo that the
people here aro not much bettor than,
barbarians, and that they had manifested no sympathy for his bereaved friends.
Now, if he really believes that, he must
be judging others by himself, for as far
as I kuow thoro was no lack of sympathy manifested except by himself and
his family. Other neighbors dropped in.
to offer, not only their sympathy, but
likewise any assistance that might be
needed, not only on the day of the funeral, but as soon as they learned of the
sad event. He and his remained away
with tho exceotion of twoor three of his
children who camo to the funeral, and,
judging by their actions and remarks,
one would be led to think they came to
criticiso instead of sympathise. When
he maintains that the jury knew woll
that "Death from natural causes" was
not the verdict, he states an unmitigated
falsehood, as that was the. verdict. But we
asked for Information, and notwithstanding his superior knowledge, he has failed
to impart any light to us poor miserable
creatures. Neither has he mado It any
better for his "esteemed friend." On
the contrary he has drawn him into a
greater muddle than ever. I wish to
say that I am prepared to prove the
truth of the statement concerning his
friend's confossion, otc.
In conclusion, I would state that If ho
has been studying tho Scriptures all
these years with a view to his moral Improvement, he has made but vory slow
progress, as he has not even learned to
mind his own businoss, which is implied:
in the injunction, "Be not a busy-body
in other men's matters." And as for
besmirching the character of others, I
consider there is no one who is moro
guilty of that sin than he, as his past
history in this community certainly
evinces; and pray what Is he trying to
do in this case but to injure the reputation ot those who are vastly suporlor to
him in morality and respectability ?
One Interested.
Hall's Prairie, Feb. 28th, '94.
[The subject discussed in the communications abovo seems about exhausted, and the controversy has devolopod
into a merely porsonal affair, of no
concern to tlie general public. No good
can come of continuing it, and as tho
views of all parties have already boen
fully ventilated, we do not think tho
disputants have any further claim upon
the use of our columns.���Ed.]
Old Cariboo's prosperous days as a gold
producer do not by any means belong to
the past, and before long her present
output of a quarter of a million to tho
world's stock of gold will be increased
very materially. This Is tho opinion of
Mr. John Biiwrou, gold commissioner at
liurkervillc, whose position and thirty-
five years experience iu the country on-
I iltlo Ill tn to be considered a pretty good
authority.    Quito a number of miners
are going Into Carib'io this spring, and
witli tlie big undertakings that are under way there now. a new eia is beginning In that part of the province. The
\\ hillier syndicate are hard at  work on
1 Williams' creek, getting ready to operate with tho hydraulic lift process, and
tlie mines In the South Forks and elsewhere are going ahead.     It is  certain
! that tlie use of dredgers, similar to those
now being operated   on   Ihe   Fraser   at
, Vale, will before long bo   introduced   Into Cariboo,   and   there  seems  no   doubt
tbat they will do well.      Mr. Cox, an ex-
1 pert who has  had   considerable   experience In other parts of  the  world, says
that   they   are   working   dirt   in   New
Zealand that only goes five cents  to the
j cubic yard and  making   it   pay,   while
! along the Fraser any quantity   of   dirt,
running fifteen cents, can  bo  had,  and
from that running up, of course, to very
ricli pay dirt.     Poople are also looking
forward confidently to the day  when a
railway running into Cariboo will tako
iu supplies   cheaply,   and  servo  as   a
moans of bringing  in settlers on their
way to tho fertile Nechaco  country   to
tho north.    Another year or so will llke-
' ly doublo tho amount of gold now  being
annually produced from Cariboo mines.
' ���Colonist, 'NEW   WESTMINSTER,   BRITISH   COLUMBIA,   MARCH, 8,  1S94.
Job Printing.
This Department of the
OHiUlN i
������S'C.H LAW.
Tho Onlp Firm tn tbo World Which !!����� An Exciting Raee Still Often Referred to
Preserved   tho   Kiddle  Age*  Plan  of j by Old Timers���"Border Itufflan'a" Oreat
Keeping Their Dullness Processes Secret I Deed anil His ICeward-Snatched from
���Tbo Kwulti. the Gallows.
Is one of the
In the Province.    The presses are good and the type modern,
with no end of variety.
Commercial   Printing
Is exactly in our line, and we can turn out
Bill Heads,
Letter Heads,
Note Heads,
Memo Heads,
And every -thing in that line in a way that will give satisfaction
to our patrons.
Fly Sheets;
Fvery thing in short in the line of Job   Printing is  welcome
Crist to our mill.
We Charge the Prices Current in  the   City, and
Guarantee to give SalisfacJiou.
In the time of the middle ages almost
all trades or handicrafts had their
mysteries, and a -workman who was
taught all the processes of the work had
to take a solemn oath not to betray the
secret. It is very different now. If you
visit the great factories the proprietor
or foreman will show you how the complicated machinery works; papers and
books are crowded with articles explaining various processes.
Still, somo of the secrets of handicraft
remain. One of the most interesting of
these is the wonderful art of the Blasch-
kas, which no other worker in glass has
been able to learn or in any way to imitate. The work is so unique and beautiful that you will be interested in hearing
of the exquisite and marvelous results,
even if all tlie processes of manipulation
must remain a mystery. Leopold and
Rudolph Blaacbka���fathor and son���are
from Bohemia, acountry famous fur its
work in gloss. The father is upward of
70 years old, bnt both he anil liis son
are active and skilled workers. Por a
long time they worked iii glass, making
models of sea creatures for museums
and colleges. About seven yoars ago
they began making the works for which
they are now so famous, not only tlie
must exact reproductions in glass of
(lowers in their natural size, so perfect
that the rich red cactus blossoms look
soft and velvety, and our yellow cowslip
shows its satiny sheen, and the little
white anemone trembles and bends on
its slender stalk, "nut also all the micro
sconio parts of the flower���almost invisible to the naked eye���on such a magnified scale that a student' m<.y at any
lime study these hidden things of the
plant world without a lens or a specimen.
The Blaschkas live near Dresden.
Tliey have thero a fine collection of
tropical plants���orchids being a specialty. Rudolph Blasohka, the son, has
made several journeys to South America
to obtain rare specimens of these queer
plants of vivid colors, spotted and
streaked with scarlet and gold and
green, or marked with silver and gold
traceries and powdered with copper
dust. Besides tlie tropical collection
there is a large "garden" of what we
call weeds and wild Mowers, for the
Blaschkas' handicraft shows us Borne
exquisite arrangements in our common
roadside flowers.
The Blaschka work is especially in
teresting and fine in its models of the
orchids���those velvety, fluttering air
blossoms of the tropics that so wonderfully mimic insect life in their strange
shapes. It was. in fact, the exhibition
of the golden butterfly orchid, with its
long, antennmlikc petals and wings, as
if just poised for flight, at a Loudon
iiower show that started orchid culture
in England. The spider and bee orchids
often deceive the eye at first glance, and
a branch of the moth orchid, which
grows ou the limestone rocks of the
Philippine Islands, looks like a crowd of
downy, spotted moths about to fly
away. Other strange likenesses are
found in the pure white dove and swan
orchids, the lizard orchid and the lvux
Iiower. Some are veritable clowns "and
jesters of tho forest world, with elongated petals like "odd, wagging lips,"
and tongues thrust out in derision, or
growing apparently on their heads in
midair, as if engaged in a continual
trapeze act   Owing to the fine botani-
al garden and greenhouses nt .Cambridge a visitor to tho Blaschka'work
lias a rare opportunity of comparing
the living flowers and their marvelous
reproduction in crystalline texture with
each other. Ho will find that these
modern glassworkers of Bohemia have
not only ingenuity and manipulative
skill, but a wonderful artistic insight as
Creatures That Tumble Upward.
It is only reasonable to suppose that
the ability to sustain an enormous
pressure can only be acquired by animals after generations of gradual
migrations from shallow waters, says a
writer in the Popular Science Monthly.
Those forms that are brought up by
the dredge from the depths ol the ocean
aro usually killed and distorted by
the enormous aud rapid diminution of
pressure in their journey to the surface,
and it is extremely probable that shallow water forms would be similarly
killed and crushed out of shape were
they suddenly plunged into very deep
water. The fish that live at these enor-
mouB depths are, in consequence of the
enormous pressure, liable to a curious
form of accident If, in chasing their
prey or for any other reason, tliey rise
fo a considerable distance above the
floor of the ocean, the gases of their
swimming bladder become considerably
expanded and their specific gravity very
greatly reduced. Up to a certain limit
th" muscles of their bodies can counteract tlie tendency to float upward and
enable the fish to regain its proper
sphere of life at the bottom; but beyond
that limit the muscles are not strong
enough to drive tho body downward,
and tlie fish, becoming more and more
distended as it goes, is gradually killed
on its lung and in voluntary journey to
tbe surface of tlie sea. The deep sea
lish then, are exposed to a danger that
uo other animals in tne world are subject to���namely, that of tumbling upward'; That such accidents do occasionally occur is evidenced by the fact
that some lish. which are now known to
bo true deep see forms, were discovered
dead and floating on thusurfm f tho
ocean long before our modern investigations were i uiunioiiceil.
In an eastern paper of recent date reference was made to the Border Ruffian,
a, famous old race horse, whose name
many of the latter day generation of
sporting men have probably never heard.
Yet Ruffian was a wonderful animal
and contested in some of the most not:
able turf events that have stirred the
hearts and affected the purse of old-time
sporting element of the west. His most
famous race, and one whioh involved
the largest purse ever ran for in the
west, took place in Denver over ISO years
ago. The race is still often referred to
by old-tuners who witnessed it. One
morning early in May of 1800, relates
ihe St, Louis Globe-Democrat, two men,
astride of one horse, arrived in the thon
frontier settlement of Denver, from the
old Salt Lake trail. Although it was
nol an unusual sight to see two men rid
me horse, Mexican style, there was
:e ing about these particular men
aud tho appearance of their horse that
gave them un air of mystery, and the
ews ni' their arrival quickly spread
roui cabin to cabin, liv the lime tho
i v.'u strangers hid reached the elephant
corral, where -thoy pnl up their hoi e, u
iuiIIv sized crowd of people were al
ready there, anxious to form their ae
quaintance. The strangers were dressed
in full suits of buckskin, and heavily
armed; their horse, a bay, seemingly
jaded and tired, was spiritless and hoof
worn. liis sides were covered witb
streaks of foam and alkali dirt, aud his
back was raw from the chafing of tho
heavy saddle. Altogether, the animal
was in a pitiable sight, and the predictions were made that tlie next morning
would lind liim dead in the stall.
" Give old Ruffian tlie best feed you
have got," said one of tlie strangers,
" for lie deserves it. He has stood by
us in a mighty hard ride and has saved
our necks. If it had not been for
him we wonld have been swung off by
the Mormons long ago."
The two strangers were none other
than Jim Harrison snd Tom Hunt, the
notorious Utah outlaws, and the horso
was Border Ruffian, the famous Salt
La e race horse. For several years
Ruffian had reigned the invincible king
of the Mormon race track, and under
saddle had never been beaten either in
'.ong or short races. His name was
familiar to everybody in Tj tali and the
idjoining territories, and bis victories
afforded themes for many interesting
���torics. No amount of money could induce his owners to part with liim. Hunt
and Harrison, who were prof ��� sional
;u ubiers, had lost a good-sized fortune
netting against Ruffian in various
find finally decided to steal the
and take him to some new count
there nni re np what they had lost against
him. 1! lore they had complete 1 their
plans Hunt killed a prominent Mormon
at Salt Lake. and. after n very short
trial, was found guilty and sentenced to
bo hanged. A gallows was erected on
the or.tskirti of the town, near the old
overland road, and all preuarations
were ma-'e to swing him iu due aad im-
iressive form. During the excitotnent
Attendant upon the prop iratibns
for the event and on the morning of the day on whioh Hunt
was to bang Harrison entered the stable
whore Ruffian was kept and spirited him
away. Mounted ou another horse and
leading Ruffian, Harrison rode to the
gallows without being observed, and,
slipping two six-shooters into Hunt's
hands, told him to "hurry up," at the
same time, acting on his own suggestion,
he wheeled his horse and charged npon
tiie crowd. Hunt was not a moment
behind ami ihe two. at a speed which
defied pursuit, fled down tho Weber
canyon trail aud were soon out of sight.
Before thev were out of range, however,
the horse ridden by Harrison was struck
by a bullet and shortly afterward had to
be abandoned. It was thet that Hainan
was compelled to carry thwdou���. .����d
whinfc he took into Denver. Niu"*��id
day the ii>f-.dated Mormons p .r����i*d
Harrison ���-..������: Hunt, but wero une,*���� to
over!-.--- tbem, so great was the speed
ami enduradco of the stolen horso. "Wnen
fully in-) mil'-, from Salt Lake the two
desperadoes made their first stop for r��st
and food mid on the morning oEth�� U<.i-h
day they ro le into Denver, a distauoe of
000 miles from Salt Lake.
an 1
An 1;<-Im> True lu Nature.
At, Mine. Arrbolle's the conversation
turned upon echoes, and a lad." o. ��ie
company declar 'd that sho ku��- ������' ��' one
that repeato 1 a sound n or in ci-��-��������
"Poohl that is nothing," said the
Manjuis; "I have an echo that can beat
yours into fits."
" Impossible I" said everybody in
'' Y ou can put it to the test if you
"Very well, we will step across tomorrow to hear for ourselves."
"Yes, come without fail." and so say-
| ing tlie Marquis took his departure,
i meditating a little scheme of his own.
| I In reaching Ids mansion ho sent lor his
I lackey, Sancho by name.
"Yon are up to all sorts of tricks,  old
| chap.    Do you think you could manage
i to play the part of an echo';"
"Certainly, my lord; you ha
Job Printer.
A Wommi Revolutionist.
It is said that one of the leaders of tho
Brazilian revolutionists is a woman-
Madam o do Mat os, Siie is described as
about thirty years old, with blue eyes
and blonde hair. In the field she Is attired in a dress which is a mixture of
men's and women's attire, Many anecdotes of hor courage are told, as also of
her great kindness and generosity. She
seems to consider herself as a sort of
Joan of Arc, and similarly culled to the
service of lier country. We wish her a
kinder fate.
A Word   to  Breeder*.
In choosing a male for breeding purposes, you want to select a typical aai
tnal of some established breed. Yon
can calculate then with reasonable certainty upon the result
lave only to
shout 'Hal not'and 1 repeal the same."
"Very well; to morrow afternoon you
shall go and stand in that clump ol'trces
behind the lake aud repeal 80 times any
call that yon inny hour, gradually low
Bring your voicu; but mind���mum's the
Next day his lordship's friends came
trooping into the park. Sancbo was at
his post, pricking up his ears. "Now.
ladies anil gentlemen, your doubts will
soon be dissipated," said tlie Marquis;
"will you be tlie first to try the experiment, Madame?"
"No, (hanks, Marquis, your voice is
louder and more effective for tho purpose than mine."
Whereupon the Marquis inflated his
lungs und callod out at the top of his
"Are yon there?"
To which the echo made answer:
"Y'es, my lord, I've beon here a couple
of luursi"���Ga Famillo.	
Milk Needs Water]
A successful farmor is reportod assaying that ho prefers whey to skim milk
for pigs when the prices are two and a
half aud ten cents respectively for the
same quantity. He grows his" pigs on
these and grass, with pure water to
drink. Any animal that lives on milk
needs water.
; Just,   Inexpensive,       Lucking Wholly
Hit. Brutality of the Present Method.
Lynch law had its origin iu Virginia,
according to the conclusions of a gentle-
! man who has boen investigating tlie
i early history of that State, lt wus uot
mob law, as it is now understood. It
was orderly, methodical, and fair in its
processes, and was strongly opposed to
violence or mob rule. Its distinctive
feature was simply that its decrees und
findings were executed sternly and
swiftly upon the spot of their delivery.
Charles Lynch, whose name is associated with the summary proceedings
now known as acts ot "lynch law," was
a Revolutionary soldier, and after the
war ended took up his residence in Pittsylvania county. The region in which he
lived became atone period of the Revolution infested by bands of Tories and out'
laws, whose depredations upon the defenceless people extended from the lower
parts of North Carolina a d Virginia to
ilie passes of the Blue Ridge and the
headwaters of tbo James and other
mountain streams. Deserters from both
armies added strength and a semblance
of organization to their operations,
Wherever they appeared the terror-
stricken inhabitants were plundered,
harassed and subjected tu ever;. \ ariety
of insult and outrage. A remedy was
ii-1 le I fur this Insufferable state uf
i in . i, a remedy that should .-.i once
strike sneh terror tu these u iscroants in
would relieve a community already suffering from the effects of hostile invasion. Col, Lynch was the man to tak"
ihe lead in such an emergency. He sue
11 led in organizing a body uf patriotic
citizens, men of known character and
Having laid  his plans before them,
I and securing their approval, beat onco
I proceeded to put them into exeontion.
At    the    head    (if    his    followers   he
. promptly gut upon ihe track of tlie nn
i suspecting enemy,  captured many and
j caused the others to flee frotn the country.    When   any of these mil laws fell
into his hands  tliey  were nut taken at
once to a tree  and  hanged  or tied to a
stake und shot,  as is now  done under
the perverted system of the prosent duy.
This wns not according to the code of
Col. Lynch und his followers.
So far from such a lawless procedure,
a jury was selected from Lynch'a men,
over which he presided us Judge; the
captives wero tried separately, the accused allowed to make his own defence
and to show cause, if he could, why he
should not be punished. If found guilty
the punishment wus indicted on the
spot. The general impression has been
tbat in nil cases of Lynch law the penalty was death. This is a mistake. A
writer who knew Col. Lynch well was
assured by him that he never willingly
condemned a criminal to capital punishment, thut prisoners were fre uently
let oft with a severe flogging und then
liberated on condition that they would
leave the country.���Cincinnati Commercial Gazette.
Oiling the Voice.
The voices of singers need an occasional "oiling," ami some peculiar remedies have been in vogue among the singers which it is interesting to know,
When Gallineyer, the famous soubrette,
visited England siie confessed that she
treated her throat before each perform-
ane to a good rubbing with rum and
glycerine. This statement led to further
investigations in this line with the following results: Labatt, the great
Swedish tenor, ate two suit pickles before going on to siug. Wachtel used the
yolk of an egg with sugar.
Other noted vocal stars drink beer,
champnrrne, soda water or punch. Wal-
ter, tiie tenor, drinks cold coffee without cream, aud Geistiuger relies oa a
glass of grog. Zelia Trebelli. the famous contralto who died not long ago. always drank lemonade before sue went
on the stage. Kindermau chewed dried
prunes during the intervals and So it!-.
eim swore bv a pinch of snuff be.ore
each aria. Some singers who lire passionate smokers refrain from smoking
on the days on whicli the}" are to sing,
while a number of cantatrices believe
that their voices are vastly improved
by the smoking of u cigarette just, before the curtain rises.--Million.
One of TyndnIi'R Heroic KxporlmeutA.
In 186"1 Tyndall performed the experiment of separating light from heat.
In the coarse of the investigations
which enabled him to do tins he made
one of the most during experiments thut
ever a scientific man ventured on.
Knowing a layer of iodine placed be
fore tiie eye intercepted the light, lie
determined to placo his own eye in the
focus of strong invisible rays. He knew
that if in doing so the dark rays were
absorbed in a high degree by "tho humors of the eye the albumen of the
humors might coagulate; und, un the
other hand, if then' was no high ab
sorption the rays might strike upon tlie
retina witli a force sufficient to destroy
it. When he first brought his eye undefended near the dark focus the heat
on the parts surrounding the pupil was
too intense to be endured. He. there
fore, made an aperture in the plate of
the metal, and, placing his eye behind
this aperture, lie gradually approat oe !
the point of convergence of the invisible rays, First the pupil aud next th"
retina were placed in the focus without
any sensible damage. Immediately af
forward a sheet of platinum foil placed
in the position   which   tlie  retina  had
occupied became red hut. 	
An  Extreme One.
A German professor was remarkably
absent-minded,   Whenever he was very
busily engaged in liis studio solving
somo abstruse problem, the wife wns in
the habit of bringing liim his dinner
His favorite dish was pancaked and mo
lasses. (Ine day his wife brought hiin u
large pancake and jug uf molsMises, and
went down to the kitchen.    Pretty soon
she heard the professor ring the' bell.
" Why is it, Gretchen, that you bring
me nothing to oat except molasses? Why
huve   you   brought   me no    pnncuke ?'"
asked the absent-minded professor.
"Ach, Hitnmell" exclaimed his wife,
"you have tucked the pancake around
your neck, thinking that it was a napkin. "
Where They  Were.
Two gentlemen who wero playine
cards at a New York club houso were
vory much annoyed by other members
who stood behind their chairs and interested themselves in the game. Finally one of the players asked one of tho
spectators to play a hand for him until
he returned. The spectator took the
cards, whereupon the first player left
the room. Pretty soon the second player
followed the example of the first. The
two substitutes played tor some time,
when one of them asked the waiter
where the two original players were.
"They are playing cards in the next
room,   was the waiter's reply.
Something About the Yoraeiou* Bavtilei
lired  at ltortleaitx.
In viow of the great strides made by
simple,   everyday  surgery  during the
past half century, it would seem that
the use of the  leech,  for blood-letting,
should be a relio of barbarism; but, as
a matter of fact, while teeth are pain
lessly extracted,   and   drastic   doses of
medicine have  given   way  to equally
effective sugar-coated  pills, neither cap
nor sculpel has wrested the leech's supremacy.
Nothing else can draw from the hu-
i man system a superfluity of blood as
| gently and thoroughly as this loathsome
I black worm,  and  many thousands of
i people  devote  themselves   cultivuting
! his appetite for  blood,  and improving
j his breed���i.e.,  eulurging  his stomach
and reducing his external bulk.
The reservoirs from   which flow the
supplies of the choicest nnd  hungriest
' leeches for the whole world are situate!
. near Bordeaux, in France,   and consist
of acres of dark brown mud, of an average depth  of about   lour  feet.     The
ooze is very light,  and   seems   to be in
[ an unending state of fermendation.
This is due partly to the movements of
the leeches themselves, fur the water is
alive with them, but chiefly perhaps to
a number of living springs at tlie bottom of the quagmires,   which keep the
unsavory mass always in a semi-liquid
The fasting leech is a very different.
looking creature from the same worm
after he bus dined. Before eating, lie is
a small, slim and very active reptile.
A satisfactory meal  fully  trebles his
size and renders liim quite torpid.
"Pate cannot harm me: 1 have dined
today," seems to bo his motto, fur a
needle might lie passed through him, or
lie might be thrown on a hot frying pan.
while lie is in this comatose condition,
anil he would show no indication of suffering.
As liis appetite, rightly applied, is his
only marketable quality, it may bo gathered that he is not often fed���perhaps
once every three or four weeks.
It takes a healthy, vigorous leech h
long time to starve to death, and when
such a calamity is imminent, he makes
no secret of his distress. The slimy mud
heaves over the writliings of the famishing blood suckers, and millions of them
show their shining attenuated forms
above the surface.
Then a shocking scene may be wit
nessed by those who are sufficiently
morbid to bo interested in it. A lot of
old or decrepit mules and horses thut
have outlivedtheir usefulness nre driven
into the ooze until their logs and the
lower part of their bodies are covered.
Millions of the voracious leeches f listen
npon them, and when the torture.!
brutes attempt to rush out out of th ���
death-pit they are remorselessly force, i
back. The leeches must be fed, and
there is no escape possible for their vie-
As soon as one swarm of reptiles, surfeited with blood, drops off, another,
fresh an ravenous, takes its place. Th"
old horse boou drops into the mud ane
is smothered to death, but the leeches
continue to suck- at the carcasss aB long
aa any blood will flow.
They never consume any of the flesh,
and though countless microscopic holes
are punctured on the body, they are only
skin deep.
The leeches are only removed from
the beds when large orders cull for them
���which happens at least once a Week,
for there is an enormous foreign demanu
for them.
They are caught by a curious and
gruesome process. If they are wanted
for a nearby market, a day or two before
the regular feeding-time a party of mi ..
���whosepoverty, not their will, oonsenlH.
and who must be nearly as hungry as
the leeches themselves���strip their
lower limbs and wade into the slime,
In an instant the exposed parts of their
bodies are covered with tlie blaok
worms. But the creatures are by no
means allowed to enjoy their meal in
Their teeth, though sharper than
needles, are very small, and it takes two
or three minutes to enable them to get
the gluelike hold that nothing but deatii
or repletion can break.
Long before their skins nre fairly
pierced, the men have hastily waded
out, carrying their loads with them, nnd
attendants are in readiness to sweep tli"
parasites, with camel's hair brushes.
into soft bags.
A man must be, literally and figura
tively, thick-skinned who earns his living
in this way: but the "leeohers," as they
are called, are not sensitively moulded.
The worms are packed iu boxes of wet
moss, and sent to the uttermost parts of
the earth. Those going very long distances are caught as soon as tliey have
sufficiently digested their last meal to
enable thom to make room for another;
thoso lor nearer markets should be sent
awav with nearly empty stomachs. Tin-
great object of tiie French dealers is to
have them hungry and ready for work
when they arrive at their destination.
 E. L.
Armies and Education.
Italy expends every  year  #9(1.000,00(1
for her soldiers, and less than #4,000,000
! for schools.    In Spain it costs $100,000,-
000 to maintain tlie  army,   and   only
$l,500,000"tO educate the children; btit
then, it is the oxception to find a Span
ish farmer who is able to reud or write.
Germany boasts of being in tlie  fore-
: most rank  among tho  nations in the
, Kulturkampf of the  world;  vet she ex
: pends (185,000,000 on her   army, while
$10,000,000 is deemed  sufficient for the
education   of    lier   children.      France
maintains an  army at  the  expense of
$151,0(10,1100 and   supports   hor   schools
with $81,000,000,
An lEIeolrle (letting tiun.
An olectric motor attachment has
boen applied to the Gutting gun whicli
promises not only  to  more than double
the destructive capabilities of that pur
tioular machine, but to effect a great
advance in tlie efficiency of all machine
guns.   The motor is detachable, is of one
horse iiower, is very small. Weighingbut
j a trifle over fifty pounds, and is placed
j in tho breech of the gun, amply protect-
j ed. The motor increases tho present
' rate of firing, I,W0 shots a minute to
1 more than U.UOO shots a minute.
An  Awful Forest   Wait*.
A million acres of forest are out down
every year to supply European railway
companies with ties.
What It Has IT Artlitie.
The artistic hand  has a large thumb,
with taper fingers, often crooked and always pointed.
When Tin and Copper Wae Money.
In the year 1030 England ooined tin
shillings, each having a stud of copper
set in the center.
> I��t5
Synopsis "f Proeeedlnys.
I ho r        niised.the
ih whati
' when n
in act
Tiiuiisdav, February :;2.
Tbe Speaker took the chair at:.' p.m.
Hon. Mr. Beaven objected In the budget
debate being proceeded with, been use he
held tbat the standing rules and orders
of tbe House provide a dlfferc rder of
procedure, which he maintained liould
supersede the order triadi ill isl ad-
journment that this dubate should bo
resumed ut the next sitting, The mutter ;
was discussed by Mr. Boavi u, Mr Brown
and Dr. Milne for half an hour
Hon. Mr. Davie suggested thai    s  the |
matter was one   hardly   V irlh
now to a deeisini
House should pn I w
ness naturally hud pn
Slime the budget debut
the regular wav.
After sc  furl her discuss
agreed to.
Mr. Ke.ilh moved the sec
the coal mines regulation  'ill
Hon. .Mr. Davie said it would Im
than useless for the House Lo pi
which would mil huve the effect desired
to be attained by it, and thai would he
set aside hy ihe eon ns on I he ground of
unconstitutionality, b icau ��� it ;i pa red
to be aimed al only a class li is very
questionable if any such hill doallngouly
with Chinese or Japanese ivould ho constitutional. It is ten because �� mi it he-
lungs to the Chinese or the Japanese that
he is ;i dangorous porson, bill because ho
bus not sufficient Intelligence or sufficient knowledge of the English language
to understand the orders given llllil or to
mako his presence safe, and unler the
terms of this hill equally dangerous persons are not prohibited from working iu
tlie mines. An Indian who knew no
English, or Chinook even, could he employed under this bill, and so could a
Hottentot. While perfectly prepared to
admit that Chinese labor in the mines
should not be encouraged, he felt that a
bill of this kind must be aimed in all
dangerous people to be effective, and
must deal with the subject in a comprehensive wav. As he had already Informed the bouse the Government have now
in courso of preparation a bill whicli will j
provide for the exclusion of all danger- j
ous persons. Ho raised tlie point of |
ordor, and asked tho Speaker's ruling j
upon it, that the bill being unconstitutional should not bo considered by I
the House.
Mr. Keith���Why did you pass it be- j
Hon. Mr. Davie replied that the mat- j
tor was not in tlie same position before. [
It is quite true that tho House did pass a
measure that has proved a dead letter, |
and this being the case what is the use |
of passing another.
Hon.   Mr.   Beaven   argued   that  the
Speaker should not be asked to take the I
position of a judge ot tlie Supreme court >
In deciding a point of constitutionality.
The Speaker ruled the bill to be out of I
order on the same ground as that stated I
with respect to the motion by Dr. Watt |
for a tax on employers of Chinamen.
Mr. Keith appealed from the ruling of
the chair.
lion. Mr. Beaven supported tlie appeal,
holding that the Speaker was assuming
higher authority than that possessed by
the Supreme Court of Canada, whose
decisions might be reversed by the judicial committee of tlie Privy Council. He
held that if tlie Legislative Assembly
sustained the decision it would be closing
tbe doors of the courts of the country
against all those who may wish to have
the point decided there. He bold that
the Provincial Legislature should not
consent In this way to limit their
WOwers, but should srasp all thoy can
Hon. Mr. Davie, after further discussion, pointed out that on the 27th of
March last a decision on a precisely
similar question had been given by the
Speaker, on a motion by Mr. Kitchen respecting dyking in Sumas, and another
decision on a motion bv Mr. MeKenzie
respecting the E. & N. railway also
afforded a precedent. He held that the
point involved in sustaining tho Speaker
or otherwiso was whether or not the
House should confine itself to passing
offectlve legislation, or whether it should
stultify Itself by passing a measure
known to bo unconstitutional and useless. Ho was satisfied that when tho
House saw the bill he would bring in,
the members would bo satisfied that tho
measure would deal with the matter in a
thoroughly effective wav which would
stand the test of the courts.
Hon. Mr. Vernon thought it would be
well to postpono a decision so that the
members might havo ample time to make,
their minds clear npon the matter. Ho
therefore moved the adjournment of the
debato on the appeal.
Motion agreed to, and debated adjourned until Mondav next.
Mr. Horno moved tho second reading
of his bill to amend the wide tire act, so
as to provide that it shall be brought
into force iu any municipality only on
the passafce of a by-law to that effect.
The bill also gives councils power to alter
tho provisions of tho act to suit local
Hon. Mr. Davie, after a long discussion mainly adverse to tho bill, said he
thought it would be a mistake to refuse
a second reading, for there woro defects
in tho act of last session whicli It would
be well to remedy now, which he thought
might be done If the bill were allowed to
go to committee. It would then bo a
matter for conslderatlonwHetherltshould
be passed In the present stato or amended In some, respocts.
The motion for tho second reading was
lost on division of 0 to 10.
lion. Mr. Davio said as thoro appeared
to be some question as to whether the redistribution bill should havo boon brought
down by a message from the Lieutenant-
Governor, and as ho wished to proceed In
a perfectly regular way���though he
thought it was In order as already introduced���he presented a mossage from His
Honor transmitting tho bill.
Tho former order for a second reading
was discharged, the message presented
and set down for consideration at next
Hon. Mr. Davie movod that tho bill to
amend the legal professions act bo road
a third time.
Motion agreed to and bill read a third
time and passed.
Hon. Mr. Davie moved tho second reading of tho B. C. railway act amendment
Motion agreed to.
lion. Mr. Davie moved the second reading of the county courts' act amendment
bill He explained that the object is to
adopt in the county court tho practice
now prevailing in  tho  Supreme Court,
whereby if on an appeal being heard
between two judges tl.ey disagree, the
matter may be argued again beforo a
bench of three judges.
Motion agreed to.
Mr. Punch moved tho adoption of the i
report from committee on the Delia and
New Westminster railway bill.
Agreed to.
Mr. Booth moved  that  the  House go!
Into committeo on the hill respecting the
Victoria, Vancouver & Westminster rail- '
w.-u bill.
.Motion agreed to; bill reported from
The House adjourned at 5.55.
I'tuiivv. February 23.
The Sneaker look the chair at :.' p.m.
Mr. Martin   presented  h   reporl from'
the private hi I is committee reporting the
bill respecting certain  improvements  in
the municipalitv of Richin I.
Mr. Eberts presented several petitions
(rum residents of Sumas respecting the
dyking bill.
The buduel debato was here once more
resumed, when it soon becamo clear that
the Opposition had determiner., on a
nollcy of obstruction. A wandering discussion was kept up all Friday night
and the Mlnistei'ials adapted themselves
in thn game of thoir opponents, and continued tho session till nil the items were
At 12.55 on Saturday the com ml tto rose
and reported the resolutions and as >���'.
leuvo lo sll ugalu.
The House wenl Into oorarqltteo, M r,
('roll in tne chair, to consider the message from His Honor the Lieutenant-Governor respecting tbe Redistribution
Hon. Mr. Beaven asked thai tho Ai-
tornnv enoral should givo unmo oxpltt-
ual Ion Itli regard to the bill Ho oon-
led ��� inn it hud not bei n introduced
i 0 'oper way, us il should have
co iii committee ol the whole iu
u -sill resolutions���the proper con-
s i iniiiil way. He could not'say, aftor I
Ihe Ii nglh of lime it has been In incubation, that it is a wonderful document
now i hat It is brought forth.
Hon. Mr. Davie���Is it not satisfactory'.'
Hon. Mr. Heaven���What I said was
that It is not a wonderful document. Ho
proceeded to argue respecting the manner
in whicli it hud been introduced.
Hon. Mr. Davie hoped the hon. loader
of the Opposition would not press for a
departure from tho ordinary rule in the
matter and ask liim to explain the bill in
a subordinate body, which the committee
of tho whole. House is, in place of in the
house. All that was desired now was
that the committee should go through
the formality of reporting the bill.
Mr. Sword objected to considering it,
oven in a formal manner, as he thought
the Government should ask His Honor
to reconsider tlie bill witli a view to
amending it. lie did not feel competent
to deal with it in any way in the absence
of the. revised census figuras and other
information upon which it is based.
lion. Mr. Davie pointed out that all
this Information would be in the members' possession when the bill camo to be
considered un Monday or sueh other day
as might he agreed ou.
Hon. Mr. Heaven contended that to explain the bill now would not be contrary
to usual parliamentary practice, though
it is true it would be contrary to what he
considered Hie wrongful practice which
lias been followed in Ibis Legislature. As
he said before, tbe matter should havo
been dealt with iu the form of a series of
resolutions, which could afterwards have
been embodied in a bill.
Mr. Sword asked for delay, pending
the furnishing of the census returns and
other information promised.
Hon. Mr. Davie said the Government
had no Intention of rushing the bill, but
desire to give full opportunity for its discussion. As to Mr. Beaven's suggestion,
it involved having two committees upon
the bill, and an entirely useless duplication of procedure. He appealed to the
good senso of the hon. members not to
follow an obstructive course in this
The committeo reported the blll.whlch
was read a first time, and set for second
reading on Monday.
Tho House adjourned at 1.J.B p.m.
Monday, February 20.
The Speaker took tho chair at 2 p.m.
The private bills committee reported
the preambles of the bills respecting the
Horsefly and Cariboo hydraulic mining
companies proved.
Report received.
Hon. Mr. Vernon presented a report on
the Crown lands surveys for the year
ending 31st December, 1893.
Dr. Watt moved : "Whereas thero are
large soctions'of the interior of our Province in which irrigation is necessary to
the successful cultivation of thosoil: and
whereas it would bo desirable in surveying the Crown lands in such sections of
the I'rovlnco that information should be
obtained for tho use of intending settlers
as to the practicability and cost of irrigating ditches for the benefit of such
lands; and it is also expedient to amend
and extend our present laws with regard
to water rights for irrigating purposes;
Therefore be it resolved, that a select
committee, composed of Messrs. Smith,
Semlin and the mover, bo appointed to
consider tho subject of irrigation as
affecting our Province, and to report
thereon to this House, with such recommendations as to legislation as may be In
the Interests of the Provlnco.
Motion agreed to.
Mr. Watt asked leave to introduce a
bill Intituled "An act to amend and
consolidate the act to regulate the practice of dentistry In the Provlnco of British Columbia."
Bill read a first time.
Mr. Smith moved for a return showing
tho amount of timber royalty collected
during the period from 1st July, 1890, to
this date In the districts of Yalo.Carlboo,
West Kootonay and Lillooet, giving
amount collected In each district,
names of the parties, and amount paid
by oach.
Motion agreed to.
Dr. Watt asked leavo to introduce a
bill Intituled "An act to further ainond
tho Pharmacy act, 1891."
Bill read a first timo.
Dr. Mllno movod that a select committee, consisting of Messrs. Grant, Beaven, Kitchen, Eberts and tho mover b.;
appointed to consider a bill to amend tho
municipal act, and to report tho same to
tbe House.
Motion agreed to.
Mr. Foster moved for a return showing, as at 30th June, 1893, tho amount of
rent, if any, due and unpaid on timber
leases, witli the names of the lessees, the
location of Hie limits, and tho years during which such rent accrued; also the
amount, if any, of royalties duo on timber cut, tho names of those  in arrears,
with the respective amounts, and tbe
years in which such arrears accrued.
Motion agreed to.
Mr. Adams moved: "Whereas the portion of the district of Cariboo, known as
the Horsefly country, is at present without mail facilities; and whereas the above
Horsefly country has already a large aud
rapidly increasing population; therefore
be it resolved, that a respectful address
he presented to His Honor the Lieutenant-Governor, praying liis Honor to
urgently requesl the Dominion Government to lake immediate steps to have a
mail service established between the 150-
Mile House, un the trunk road, and the
Horsefly country.
Motion agreed to.
Mr. Rogers moved that a select committee be appointed, composed of
.Messrs. Martin, Stoddart, Adams. Semlin
and the mover, with instructions to prepare a bill to amend the cattle act, and
to report the samp to the House.
Hon. Mr. Turner remarked that in this
connection In had teceivod many complaints from tne upper country respecting the greal number Of wild horses running over the district and doing very
serious damago.
Motion agreed to.
The resolutions reported from the
supply committee lyuru taken Into consideration, a mol Ion by the Hon. Mr.
Turner tbat they he taken as read a
lirst time being agreed to. Thoy woro
then road a second timo clauso by
Il.ni. Mr. Beaven, on the lirst clause,
providing for Intoresl on tho public debt,
moved iii amendment that it be referred
hack to the committee to Increase tho
amount provided (or to l per cent.
of the whole amount of bonds now outstanding, as he held that the house had
no right tu as-u  tbe conversion, and
lo do su was to commit li breach of faith
with the bondholders.
lion. Mr. Turner said it was verv ro-
rreshinir to see that the members of the
Opposition bad al last been arousud to
the Importance of protecting the interests of the Province so far as the public
debt is concerned. But this resolution
lie felt was only a roundabout way���a
wily way���to make the people, think that
the House had not been asked to vote
enough to pay the interest. The fact
was that there was nothing in tlie objection; it was as thin as air, a bladder
which if pricked with one small pin
would dtsappoar. In the first placo, the
Provincial credit could not ho affected by
this vote, becauso it is not necessary to
ask such a vote at all, as tho statute
provides that the interest, whatever it
is, must be paid by the Government; and
nowhere else is the appropriation dealt,
with iu this way. As to the amount
asked, however, it had been carefully
calculated, for the Government do nothing of this kind without advice from
those who are in a position to form a
sound opinion; and what tliey had done
was to ask for adequate provision for the
sinking fund for the year. He thought
they had asked a fair estimate, and that
it would be simply an absurdity to pass
this sly attempt at a vote of wantof confidence.
Hon. Mr. Davie showed that tho
amendment was not in order, aiming as it
did to increase an appropriation, which
can only be done on the recommendation
of the Crown.
lion. Mr. Beaven held that his motion
was in order because it did not propose to
increase tho appropriation, but simply to
refer the resolution back to committee,
with that object.
Tho Speaker asked what would bo tbe
utility of going Into committee, for as no
member of the Government would there
move in the direction desired the
committee would simply have to riso
Hon. Mr. Beaven then claimed that his
amendment did not aim at an increase in
the expenditure, becauso tho full interest
has to bo paid in any event, under the
Loan Act.
Tho Speaker finally ruled It out of
order, as something that could only bo
moved by a minister of the Crown.
Hon. Mr. Beaven���Well, I've dono my
duty; if you take the responsibility of
ruling it out of order���you do what you
think fit!
On resolution No. 2, respecting tho
sinking fund, Hon. Mr. Beaven moved
an amendment to the same effect, and
Speaker repeated his former ruling.
On resolution No. 9, respecting tho
salary for a Minister of Education and
Immigration, Hon. Mr. Beaven argued
thTit tho condition of public affairs does
not justify tho payment of salary to a
fifth minister, becauso, ho said, tbe present ministers do not spend "one-tenth
of their time iu attending to their public
duties," and that "the present Attorney-
General is almost all the time in court on
privato business." He claimed that when
the present Mr. Justice Walkotn was
Attornoy-Goneral ho allowed his private
practice to be altogether neglected.
Several voices���No ! No !
Hon. Mr. Beaven proceeded to talk
about the private affairs of tho ministers.
The Speaker���Will tho hon. gentleman
kindly confine himself to the question.
Hon. Mr. Beaven objected to having
any such restriction put upon him, as lie
held that upon the motion for the second
reading of these resolutions he had tho
right to enter upon a discussion of a
genoral nature. Ho hoped that ho would
not bo further interrupted and that there
would not bo a repotltion of thedlsorders
of tho other night.
Several members���hear, hear!
Hon. Mr. Beaven proceeded to argue
against providing a salary which would
make It possible to appoint a fifth minister, when he thought the House might
better move In tho other direction, as
throe active mon could do the work. Ho
moved an amendment to strike out the
Hon. Col. Baker said thoso remarks
wore on a par with those usually hoard
from the hon. gentleman, who said now
that threo ministers are sufflclent.whero-
as when ho was In offico, and tho public
business was very much loss that at pro-
sent, ho had a larger number. The
statement he had mado that the prosont
ministers do not give ono-tenth of their
timo to thoir duties was no doubt Intended to mislead the workingmen occupying
tho galleries, but their own intelligence
would tell them that It was absurdly untrue. For his own part ho got to his
offico about 10 o'clock every morning,and
it was generally between 4 and 5 o'clock
before lie get away.
Addresses woro made by Messrs.Brown
and Semlin, and Hie amondment boing
then put was lost by 9 to 17.
On resolution No. 20, providing for a
salary for the Provincial librarian, lion.
Mr. Heaven moved to reduce it to $300,
but this amendment was lost.
For  Extra  Choice   Fresh
and Prepared Meats
Opposite Reid & Currle's Foundry.
Of all kinds on baud.
A Gall Solicited.
Manufacturer of
Mineral Water,
Etc., Etc.
Factory in rear of City Brewery.
Cunningham St., New Westminster, B.C.
Tenders for a License to cut Timber on
Dominion Lands in the Province
of British Columbia.
SEALED TENDERS addressed to tho
undersigned and marked on tho
envelope "Tender for Timber Berth 120,
to be opened on tho 19th of February,
1894," will bo recoived at this Department until noon on Monday, tho 19th
day of February next, for a license to
cut timber on tho North half of Section
24, In the fractional township lying
West of Township 39, in the Dlslrict of
Now Westminster, in tho said Provlnco,
and containing an area of 274 acres moro
or loss.
Tho regulations undor yvhich a license
will be issued, may bo obtained
at this Department or at tho offico of
tho Crown Timber Agent at New Westminster.
Each tender must bo accompanied by
an accepted cheque on a chartered Bank
in favour of tho Deputy of tho Minister
of the Interior, for tho amount of tho
bonus which the applicant is prepared to
pay for a license.
No tender by telegraph will bo ontor-
Department of the Interior,
Ottawa, 18th January, 1894.
The above steamer makes regular trips
between Westminster and Langley, taking Parson's Channel and thus calling
regularly at llombrough's brick yard,
Port Ivells and all other intermediate
points. Parties anxious to roach Cloverdale and other points In Surrey, and who
miss the train, will often find this boat
Leaves Westminster every day at 3 p. m.
except Saturday, when she loaves at
2 p. in.
Leaves Langloy every day at 9 a. in. ox-
copt Fridays, when sho loaves at 8
a. m. for Westminster markot.
Extra trip on Saturdays, leaving Langloy at 5 p. in.
No trips on Sundays.
Importers   of   Hardware,
Paints, Oils and Window
Glass,    Lime,    Cement,
Leather   and   Rubber
Belting,      Crockery,
Lamps and  Glassware,
Continued ou 4th page.
Constantly on Hand an Extensive Stock of
Groceries, Flour and Feed, Dry Goods, JJoots and Shoes, Hats and
(Japs, Crockery, Glassware, Etc.
Men's and Boys' Suits.   Great Variety of Household Articles.   Also Grain, SeedgV
Potatoes, and General Stores.
N.B.���Farm Produco bought at market rates or sold on commission.   Orders from tha
interior promptly attended to.
P. O. Box 405.
Look at PAENELL & GUM'S prices:
Beaver Milk, 8 tins for $1.00
3 lbs. Soda Crackers, 25 conts.
1 lb. tins Oysters, 2 for 25 cents.
100 lbs. sacks wheat, $1.50.
100 lbs. sacks Shorts, SI.25.
100 lbs. sacks Bran, $1.15.
0 lbs. Black Tea, .$1.00.
5-lb.  boxes
Hungarian Flour, $4.45 per barrel. . ^,
5 lb. chests uncolored Japan Tea, $1.65 eachW*
Lake of Woods Strong Baker's flour, $4.15
Coylon Tea, 40c. per lb. 5 lbs. for $1.75.
1 lb. tins good Baking Powder, 25c. each.
5-lb. tins English Breakfast Coffee, $1.10.
5-lb. boxes No. 1 Black Tea, 81.50.
good Black Tea, 81.25.
Opposite C. P: R. Station, Columbia St.,
D. LYAL <fe CO.,
Books, Stationery, Fancy Goods,
Pianos,   Organs,   Music,   etc*
B.  O.
D. S. CURTIS &. Co., New Westminster. JSTEW    WESTMINSTER,   BRITISH   COLUMBIA,   MARCH, 3,  1894.
is pubiisbed every Satvjhday, by
Corner Front and MeKenzie Streets,
(Directly in roar of Bunk of Montreal.)
TTkansient Advektisments���Ten coots per
line, for each insertion.    AU transient
advertisements to be measured as solid
Tionpariei���12 lines to tho inch.
DOHMBBOlAli Advertisements���in displayed
type:   Special rates, made known on application.
Professional and Business CAiins-Notto
occupy a space of moro than one inch, and
set solid in uniform style,$125per month,
or by yearly contract, $12.00.
Smai.i.   Advertisements   of Wants.  Lost
Found, etc.. of not  more than ono inch
space. $1.00 for threo insertions.
Fading Notices���'JOconts por lino.each insertion, unless otherwise contracted for
Births, Marriaues and Deaths���51) conts.
New Westminster, B.C. j
Business Manaoer.
matter appears to be entirely In the
hands of the municipal clerk, and no
elector has any guarantoe that he is recorded as a voter until ho goes to the
poll to exercise his franchise. It does
not appear that the powers vested in the
^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^ clerk in this regard havo up to the pre-
Subscription. $i.oo per annum,ina&vance | sent time been deliberately abused,  but
lt is a well known fact that through
negligence or error ratepayers have
frequently been deprived of their elective
rights. Measures should bo taken for
the compilation, advertising, and revision
of municipal electoral lists, so that the
humblest ratepayer may rest in confidenco tbat ho will not be deprived of a
right which every free man holds dear.
In the Municipality of Surrey at last
election more than half of the ordinary
votors were struck off the list on what
might be callod a technicality, many of
them without their knowledge and with
flagrant injustice although no ono in
particular appears to blame. The provisions of tho existing Act must certainly be very faulty, when so scandalous a
proceeding is possible.
��ltf   Unctftc   QtrtttuMau.
Continued   from   page   3.
On resolution No. no, respecting the
museum. Mr. Grant advocated tbat more
attention should bo pakl to this, for the
information of visitors to the Province.
On resolution No. 100, for repairs to
Government house, Mr. Grant said he
thought the time had come when a better and moro pretentious building should
be provided.
Mr. Brown said this was a good suggestion; but in theabseuceof other funds
tbe Government might use the deficit for
the purpose.
Tbe remaining items were read a second
timo without comment or division.
Hon. Mr. Davio presented a message
from His Honor tho Lieutenant-Governor
transmitting the bill respecting the Nakusp & Slocan railway. Ho announced
that the papers in connection with tlie
matter would be Immediately distributed
with the exception of somo ordcrs-in-
council���merely formal in their nature���
which he found bad not been included,
but would be brought down later on.
Hon. Mr. Davie said witli respect to
the bill relating to the bureau of labor
statistics and councils of arbitration and
conciliation, some timo ago  introduced,
In the Legislature on Monday last. Dr.
Milne moved for a solcct committee to
consider a bill to amend tho Municipal
Act. The motion was agreed to. No
doubt tho Municipal Act needs amendment in various directions, and in the
Eastorn Provlncos as well as here great
difficulty has boon experienced In dovislng
a measure that would satisfactorily
cover all the points to bo considered.
It may almost bo said that all the municipal legislation in Canada is as yet
more or less oxperlmentary, and scarcely
a session passes in any of the Provincial
Legislatures in which attempts aro not
made to improve upon the existing municipal law. In B. C. the organization of
tho municipalities is so recent, that if
experience here is to bo tho only basis of
amondment, it will bo many years before
a fairly perfect measure can be reasonably hoped for. Meantime municipal
bodies can but go on as best they may with
tho machinery provided for them. Dr.
Milne's committeo is a move In the right
direction, and may be able to accomplish
important improvements, though at this
late period of a rather turbulent session,
it is doubtful if tho study and application can be given that is needed to form
a fair understanding of an Act so minute
in its details and so wide in its application.
Tho time being fitting, the writer of
this article, having had occasion to observe tho working of the existing Municipal Act, may be pardoned for offering
a couple of suggestions. First tako the
matter of auditing tho accounts. There
appears to be something very faulty
here, for it is a fact that a neighboring
rural municipality, one possessed of a
large revenue, has not yet givon to the
taxpayers any further information of tbe
handling of tho finances for the year
1893 than could be gloaned from the
reading of an abstract statement at a
meeting of tho Council. This is, of
course, radically wrong. The ratepayers
are ontitled to have the accounts put
befqjjf them in such a shape as to enable
them to obtain a clear insight into the
manner in whicli the revenues have beon
expondod, and it would bo a bright intellect indeed that could form a just
conclusion from the mero reading of a
formal   document.    The accounts of a I bridge
Since our last issue, tho delegates appointed by the Cltv Council to look after
bridge Interests,have returned from Victoria. Their formal report will not be
made public till tbe regular meeting of
the Council on Monday next, but it is
generally understood that the Government has consented to aid tho bridgo to
such an extent as to insure Its immediate construction. Indeed, an experionc
ed engineer lias been in tho city during
tho week, examining the site and other
local conditions, with a view to preparing plans for tho important structure.
From present indications it would appear that Mr. Davie's Government has
weakened on the proposed aid to tho
Delta railway, on the ground of the
large obligation that would bo involved.
This will cause groat disappointment
throughout the district to bo served by
the Delta Railway and the peoplo of this
city. Readers who tako the trouble to
examine the text of the railway and
bridgo petition published in another
column, will seo that tbe obligation tho
Government was asked to undertake is not
one that should justify the withholding
of the needed aid, In view of tho interests to be served and the unanimity
of tho comparatively large population
concerned. Pooplo may bo allowed to
differ, and In our judgment tho Delta it
Eastern Railway is a work much more
deserving of strong assistance from tho
public purse than tho line from Nakusp
to Slocan Lake. Not that it was not
judicious to open the moans of communication to a promising mining district,
but that here is a great agricultural
section, already partly developed anl
only needing tho intersecting railway to
insure a flow of wealth, perhaps as great,
and certainly more permanent than any
mining district on this coast has yet
proved to bo. Of course one can understand the difficulty Mr. Davie was placed
in. Representative men arc not usually
very urgent in forwarding interests of
no special concern to their own constituencies, aud it is, in this matter, an
unfortunate fact that Mr. Punch, who
had the Delta Railway enterprise in
hand, was practically alone in tho House
in pressing tho claims of New Westminster City and District upon tho
Ministry. Foregoing events evidence a
willingness on tho part of Ministers to
forward the joint scheme of railway and
but Ministers arc not absolute,
municipality arc entitled to tho same
publlcy, within the limits, as those of the
Govornment. It would, moreover, bean
undoubted advantage, and tend greatly
to the judicious expenditure of public
money, if the law required that a full
and authoritative statement of receipts
and expenditures for the year last past,
should be available to the electors prior
to each annual election. Ratepayers
would then be able to judge Intelligently
of the past management of their affairs,
and would vote accordingly, instead of
voting blind as tliey now do, resulting
often in the election of officers absolutely
unlit to conduct the   municipal business,
as Is frequently manifested by the municipal accounts when brought under Investigation. Another matter, of even more
pernicious tendency, is  the custom in
vogue of a  retiring   council   being  per-
Mr. Kellie asked leave to introduce a
bill intituled "An act respecting the incorporation of tramway, telephone and
telegraph companies in West Kootenay
Bill read a first time.
Air. Kitchen asked leave to withdraw
the notice ho had given of his intention
to again move tho very lengthy resolution presented through him as an amond-
j ment to go into supply, lie understood
I it was out of order, having boen voted
| upon already.
Motion accordingly dropped.
Hon. Mr. Beaven moved: "Whereas
the reports presented to tho Legislative Assembly show that the appropriations made last session for tho present
fiscal yoar and the money illegally expended by the executive since tbo commencement of the said year, and the
money asked for by tbe present estimate
for the same year, show a deficiency of
over $400,000; and whereas tho amount
available from the money recoived from
the Loan Act. 1801, to moot the said de- and when they did
ficieney Is quite insufficient to  meet the j as   they    do    now.
*:hc |,"-'d,m! f!ai^?.��f,.*hi!..".ej!  ""?*.'. S bers of tho Govornmontfby the "estimates
of revonue   presented   at  the   last and
and tho policy of a Govornment is
largely shaped by the views of its supporters. It was here, we imagine, that
the Delta Railway project was weak,
and had Mr. Punch been backed by tho
other representatives of tlie lower
Fraser, as tho important interests at
stake entitled he should be, tho south
side of tin! Fraser, it is reasonable to
believe, would havo made a busy and
prosperous appearance before this time
twelve mouth.
However, it is well to bo thankful for
tlie good we have, and although we may
regret the competing line of railway, a
highway over tho Fraser will undoubtedly bo a blessing alike to city and district,
and iu the hopeful prospect of the accomplishment of that long-desired connection, our people may look ahead
cheerily to a day not far off when the
Coveted railway will  become  an  estab-
inltted to provide for   the   audit of   Its
own accounts.     Of   all   tho  Provinces, I lishcd fact.
British Columbia probably stands alone
Id that vicious practice. In tho East It Rhfbbbimg to the Item In this
is the new council that audits tho ac-' paper last week announcing Reeve Kelly
counts of the old one, but that system ! of Coquitlam as a likely candidate for
lias the drawback of not permitting the | the representation of Dewdney in the
electors an opportunity of judging of tho ' next Legislative Assembly, thu Columbian
financial merits of their officers until the | suggests that Mr. Kolly's name was
new olection Is ovor, while In the mean- : used without that gentleman's consent,
time corrupt or extravagant represent!!- Our cotemporary Is evidently piqued at
tlves may have been re-elected becauso of j the Idea of Mr. Kelly offering as a Minis-
the lack of knowledgeof the elective body. I terlal candidate. Surely the Columbian
The only way out of the difficulty ap-i does not Imagine that a man of tho In-
poars to be to provide for ono auditor to ' telllgonco and sound common senso of
be elected by the people, and one to bo ' the popular Reeve of Coquitlam would
appointed by the council.     Theso audi-j think for a moment of  allying himself
nre proposed to make the awards of the I
arbitrators final, conclusive and bind- j
Ing ou all parties. Since the
bill bad been prepared there had
been received the report of tho royal
commission appointed in England to inquire into such a proposition made there.
This report he found strongly condemned
the principle which Is the main feature
of tbo bill. As tbo volume contained an
immense quantity of evidence, It wus no
light task to study it, and until the Government bad an opportunity to fully
consider the matter bo felt it would be a
very bold stop to adopt tho principle
apparently condemned in tho mother
country. It might Do, however, that
what is tho bost policy in England and
throughout Europe Is not tho best here;
and that the oxperioneo in this country
of tho conditions existing between employers and employed might make it
seom wiso to adopt an entirely different
plan in British Columbia. He could not
pronounce definitely on this point now,
but he considered it would be tho height
of temerity, under tho circumstances, to
go on with tho bill. Consequently, it is
not the intention to proceed with it this
session. The prosent statute would, of
course, remain in force in the meantime,
and could be called into requisition if unfortunately the occasion aroso for so
doing. As tho Government aro impressed with the importance of having all the
information possible bearing on the condition here, as well as in England, it is
their1 intention to recommend that a commission issue to take evidence during
the recess, and to gather all the local information that can be bad. With this at
hand the whole matter can bo brought
up before the now House, and tho Government of tho day can deal with it
Intelligently, and with no lack of information. He thought it bis duty to make
this explanation in moving as he now did
for the discharge of the order for tbe
second reading of tho bill.
Motion agreod to.
Hon. Mr. Davie moved tbat the order
for the second reading of the bill to
abolish tlie right to light by prescription
be discharged.
Motion agreed to.
The Houso wont into committeo on tho
B. C. railway act amendment bill, Mr.
Adams in the chair.
Mr. Hunter, entering while the committeo were considering the bill, expressed regret that it had reached this
stage, becauso he said the railway act
had been proved unworkable, and he had
several amendments to make.
Hon. Mr. Davie pointed out that the
amendments provided for in this bill do
not affect tho working of tho act, but
refer only to tho registration of mortgages. He suggested that it should
bo passed through committee now, and
the committeo could ask loave to sit
Bill accordingly reported.
Mr. Keith presented a petition from
Thos.Ilarvey of Nanaimo, respecting tho
pharmaceutical association.
The Victoria, Vancouvor and Westminster railway bill (Mr. Booth) was reported from committee, read a third time
and passed.
Dr. Watt moved the second reading of
the Cariboo railway bill, whicli extends
the time for commencing and completing
the works and alters tho name from
"Ashcroft and Cariboo" as formerly.
Mr, Semlin said he did not wisli to appear as opposing the road, but tho house
bad not been informed whether the parties holding the charter had done anything even to determine the route.
Mr. Adams spoko of the discontent in
Cariboo because of the delay In the matter of this road, and said that while he
would support the prosent bill it would
not be with very good grace.
Mr. Semlin pointed out that the bill
proposed to transfer to the now corporation all tho rights and privileges enjoyed
by the old one, including the land grant,
which be thought called for very serious
lion. Mr. Davio said that the Govornment are anxious to seo the line constructed. There had been correspondence upon the subject, and an intimation that If the Province would grant
$30,000 a year for .'10 years, and a land
grant of (1,000 acres a mile, In alternate
blocks along the route, tlie road might
be financed. Regarding the land grant,
some 8,000,000 acres,   a  provision that a
policy of administration as favorable to
settlement ns that of the Government
would protect the Interests ol tbe public.
lion. Mr. Beaven moved the adjournment of tin! debate.
The House adjourned at 0 p.m.
Tuesday, Feb. 27.
I'ho Speaker took the chair at
was simple; it was to tako the debit of
the account only. To uso a simple illustration, lie was, like a grocer, for instance, would be, who, if he had a
customer with a running account, would
keep all the purchases added up on one
side and give the customer no credit for
the payments on account made every
month or every three or four months.
This was exactly parallel to what the
hon. gentlemen opposite did whon they
failed to take into consideration at all
what the Province got in tho saving in
intorest and in the sinking fund released
by the conversion. Against tho cost of
conversion there had to bo placed $450,-
000 relased from tbe sinking fund and
885,000 a year saved in interest. Respecting the suitors' and intestate estate
funds, be read from tho financial statements of former years, when Hon. Mr.
Beaven and his friends were in power,
to show that at that timo the samo funds
wero used as part of the ordinary revenue, without any legislative authority,
not carry interest,
_^^_^__^^^_B With regard to
special warrants, ho showed that in
a country liko this it is practically impossible to get along without
resort to the.-e, but, as tho member for
Comox showed tho other day, the proportion whioh the amount of the special
warrants bears to the total expenditure
^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^ Is much less now than it was during the
present sessions have erroneously Shown ' term of ollice of the party opposite. Tho
same; and whereas tho executive liavo
used special and trust funds amounting
to 8277,000.10 to meet tbo said deficiency
and it is evident that a much larger
deficit will exist at tbe end of tbo present fiscal year: and whereas   the  mem-
that a surplus, instead of a deficit, existed and would exist on 1st, July, 1S04.
This Bouse Is ot opinion that the members of the! Oovomment have committed
a grave offence in endeavoring to mislead
as to the financial position and liabilities
of the Province.
leader of thi! Opposition had nol attempted to controvert this statement.
Hon. Mr.   Heaven���I   don't   think   It
worth tabling about.
Hon. Mr. Davie proceeded that that is
a very convenient way of getting away
from tlie question, but surolv If the special warrants were right in 1874  tliey are
.,      ..    , .,       .11,   1 not wrong In 1804, whon the necessities
^w.1.ir!Ltl,'a." ^1"'.1',(;:'.',eo.,!.U?,m^1!���'!!'0,.llll.S I of the Province are so much greater. Ho
Hon. Mr. Turner said no ono   Is bettor
1 who I
Is In
just spoken how littlo truth there
his contentions. Ho had
heard, In tlie eight years he had beon in
tho House, such Infamous language as
that used this session towards the ministers and members generally on the Government side, from tho charge mado at
tho opening of tho session that ho (Mr.
Tumor) had written lying lotters from
Montreal, down to the sweeping denunciation of all tho Government supporters
as "blackguards" mado by the leader of
tho Opposition tho other morning. He
showod that thero is no foundation whatever for tho statement of the financial
position mado in the resolution, but that
tho incontrovertible fact is that according to all probability thero will be a
balance of 8105,000 to the good on 30th
of June next.
Mr. Booth said he objected entirely to
the whole tenor of the resolution and
the remarks mado by Hon. Mr. Beaven
in support of it, and he movod tho following amendment:
"That all the words aftor the second
'the' in tlie lirst line, down to tho end of
the resolution be struck out, and in lieu
thereof insert tho following: Revonue for
tlie present year, to the 30th Juno next,
is estimated at ��1,058,002, and that on
the 1st July, 1803, thero wero on hand
available funds amounting to 8375,266,
and tbat in addition to this thero was
received from the Nakusp .t Slocan railway company, ��118,400, which, under the
railway aid act, reverted to tho revenue
of the Province, making a total real and
estimatod sum of ��1,552,338 available for
the ourront fiscal year, ending 30th
June, 1804, besides tho balance for tho
timo being of suitors fund deposits and
intestate estates moneys; and whereas
tbo total estimated expenditure, including provision for special warrants and
all sums shown in tho supplementary
estimates after deducting lapsed balances
will amount approximately to81,425,000,
showing approximately a surplus of more
than $125,000, oxclusive of suitors and
intestate funds, in favor of revenue,
which will bo far moro than sufficient to
meet any contingent liabilities ou account of railway guarantees; therefore,
bo it resolved that in the opinion of this
House the estimates of revenue and expenditure have been prepared with a
due regard to economy and the requirements of tho public service."
Mr. Brown spoko for twenty-five minutes, stating, amongst other things, that
thero is nothing beforo the country but
certain bankruptcy.
Hon. Mr. Davie referred to tho prediction of bankruptcy and blue ruin by tho
hon. gentlemen opposite. British Columbia is, however, not alone in having
public men who uso such cries, and ho
read a quotation from a Winnipeg paper
to show that In thoProvinceof Manitoba
also thoy aro troubled with such peoplo,
that paper pointing out that the injury
they wrought arises from tho fact that
it is not known abroad that the object of
theso statements is merely to injure political opponents, llo thought it was
oulv those who, liko the leader of tbo
Opposition, have no substantial interests
in tlie country but keep all their money
in the bank, where they can draw it out
never before I uoclared tliat tho uo,l(:y of tll(i l'arly op-
1 posite is ono only of obstruction and
dolay, the reason for which is that thoy
know perfectly well that the Government aro anxious to go to tho peoplo,and
instead of expediting the business to permit of tho elections being speedily hold
they try to delay It as much as possiblo
in the hopo that thoy may bo ablo
yet to invent something to deceivo tho
Messrs. Sword and Semlin spoko
against tho financial policy of tho Government.
Mr. Turner explained at length tho
soundness of tho Government's financial
Dr. Watt in a brief address robuked
Hon. Mr. Beaven for the bad example he
he had set the House in the violent and
abusive language he had mado uso of
during tho past fow days.
Mr. Grant made a forciblo speech in
demonstration of tho fact that tbo state
of the Provincial finances is one calling
for congratulation rather than fault finding. He said that whilo the resolution
moved bv Hon. Mr. Beaven might be
correct so far as the words go, ho could
not voto for it becauso the evident intention was to giyn a black oye to the credit
of tlie Province.
Dr. Milne spoko briefly In support of
the resolution.
Mr. Kitchen moved tho adjournment
of the debate, which was agreed to.
Mr. Brown inquired when tbo Government will bo prepared to get down to tho
business of the session, and in tho course
of a dissertation on the alleged backwardness of the Government in bringing
down the measures to bo considered, said
that so far this session thero had not
been more accomplished than would be
done at an ordinary night session of a
town connoil,
Mr. Keith asked when the information
he had asked for about tho bureau of
labor statistics would be laid before the
Hon. Col. Baker informed him that the
return had been presented to tho House
yestorday (laughter) and is now no doubt
being printed.
Mr. Kitchen inquired what had come
of tho examination of tho census schedules, as ho noticed there was nothing
about them in the return presented to
the House.
Hon. Mr. Davio replied that these
schedules are at Mr. Kitchen's disposal
if ho wishes to examino them, but It
would tako two or throe months to print
them, to do which is therefore out of the
Hon. Mr. Davio presented a message
from His Honor the Lieutenant-Governor transmitting a bill respecting the
maintenance of a public library and a
bureau ot statistics.
Hon. Mr. Davio said that boforo adjournment he wished to state that, as ho
supposed the gentlemen opposite aro now
prepared to proceed with the discussion
of tlie redistribution bill, tho Govornmont intend to take it up when the want
of confidence motion now before the
House is disposed of.  In connection with
tors should then bo required to perform
the duties of their offico between the
close of the year and the date of tho
new election, and provision should be
made for the Immediate printing of the
roport and the circulation of it amongst
the electors.    Men would then be able to
vote intelligently.
Another matter that needs attending
to Is tho registration of the municipal
voters.   At present this very Important
with a weak Opposition, divided into
factions, and discredited from one ond of
the Province to tlie other.
Tiik failure is announced of tlie well-
known banking firm of Green, Worlock
&Co.,of Victoria. The assets are said
lo be ��010,510 and the liabilities aro
placod at ��444,000. If not too greatly
pressed tho firm hopo to bo able to pay
all liabilities in full.
^^^^^^^^^^ gontle-
ht it safe to say that so
business  being  behind it
advanced   than   at this
session   in   any previous
any day they decide to move out of the j what had been said by one hot
country, who spread tbe-o stories of im-1 ^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^
pending disaster; while the solid men of
the community, the men who have invested their money In real estate and in
groat public, enterprises look forward
witli confidence to the ftituro of tho
country, spealc cheerfully of its prospects
and support the Government. ll�� proceeded to deal witli the possible cost of the
Shuswap & Okanagan railway guarantee,
and showed tbat tbe Dominion subsidy
and the 40 per cent, of the gross receipts
to bo paid to the Province would In a few
years amply secure the Province against
any loss.    Ho pointed out   that  the one j
man. he thou
far from the
Is now furthi
stage of the
Mr. Kitchen���We are not complaining
about a delay in the  business, but that
there are important bills yotcomlngdown
which will have to lie put through in a
Hon. Mr. Davio said it would be soon
that tbo hon. gentlemen opposite do not
agree very well in their opinions as to
tin! progress of business. It was not live
minutes since one of them  had boon loc-
reason why the receipts  are  not  larger ! turlng the Government for having  done
already Is that the Canadian Pacific rail- J nothing, going so far as to  make the re-
way company  had  beon bound  uot to
charge any but a low rate, and whilst on
this account the  Province   as   a  whole
inlgh for a time Incur a small  liability,
the   country   through   which  the road
passes reaps the  benefit.     He  believed
that after a few years the 40  ptr cont.
I would meet any liability   for  which tho
"'���      Government is liable, this percentage at
P-m.   i tho present time yielding about $12,000.
Mr. Grant Inquired when evening sit-1 Respecting tho Victoria and Sidney road,
tings might bo looked for, because ho i tho party chiefly responsible for the
said some of the committees found thoy guaranteo Is the City of Victoria, which
would have to moot In tho evening, and ���
thoy wished to make their arrangements
according to the Intention of the Government.
Hon. Mr. Davio said the House may
safely calculate upon night sittings on
Mondays, Tuesdays   and   Fridays.    Of
had guaranteed throe-fifths of tho
amount, while tho Government guarantee was for the remaining two-fifths.
The hon. loader of the Opposition was
the man who initiated tho guarantee.
Hon. Mr. Beaven���I Inltlatod lt?
Hon. Mr. Davie���Certainly;  you wero
Wednesdays and Thursdays ho would say I Mayor of Victoria at tbo time,
nothing because they are private mem- ~ -- - ^^^^^^
bers days.
The petition of Thos. Harvey, of Nanalmo, a "druggist" and herbalist practising since before the formation of the
pharmaceutical association, asking for
such legislation as would effectually prevent the Interference of that association with Ids business, was read and received.
Hon. Mr. Beaven���What had I to do
with it?
Hon. .Mr. Davie suid Mr. Heaven was
clearly responsible, because as Mayor lie
had power to send the by-law back to
the council, which he did not do. Tho
same hon. gentleman had repeated today the oft-refuted statement that by
the conversion scheme the country would
loso upwards of $000,000.    His method
markable statement that the wholo business so far transacted could have been
disposed of at one night sitting of a town
council, and now another says that they
have uo complaint ou that side about
lack of business.
Mr. Brown hero rose to modify his
former complaint, saying that what he
complained of was that Important bills
had not been brought down until a woek
or two ago.
Mr. Sword again brought up the matter of tbo census schedules, asking for
particulars as to the population of whites,
Indians and Chinese In the Dominion
electoral districts.
Mr. Kitchen said unless tho information Is laid before tho House It will bo
impossible to discuss the bill properly.
Hon. Mr. Davie remarked that this was
rather a contradiction of the argument
used   last  year,   that  the Information
which these gentlemen now so  urgently
I desire, and In the absence of  which the
1 Government last year postponed the bill,
j was altogether useless;   and the demand
I thev aro now making Is surely a justlfl-
j cation of tho course of the Government
I in deferring the preparation  of  the bill
I until they could obtain access to It.
|    Tho Douse adjourned at 0 p.m.
Wednesday Feb. 28.
The Speaker took the chair at 8 p.m.
Hon. Mr. Turner asked that the House
proceed to the orders of tho day, and dispose of the motion of want of confidence
moved by Hon. Mr. Beaven respecting the
financial position.
Hon. Mr. Beaven held that this being
private members' day tho private bills
on the order paper should be proceeded
Hon. Mr. Davie expressed surprise at
this contention on the part of the leader
of tho Opposition, who had ovor and over
again argued that no other business
should be proceeded with while a resolution of want of confidence remained
undisposed of. It seems, however, that
ho is perfectly willing to throw aside his
own rule when tbe occasion suits, and to
deviate from the practico he bas himself
laid down.
Hon. Mr. Beaven contended that he
had said nothing inconsistent with the,
principles he had always laid down, becauso ho held that it was quite proper
that private bills should be proceeded
with though none of the public business
of the Province could bo taken up.
Hon. Mr. Pooley said it appeared to
h' that the Government should not
allow any business, private or otherwise
to be disposed of in tbo House if thoy
have lost its confidence and tho point
could not be determined until the want
of confidence motion was disposed of.
The Speaker said he could find no
authority making any distinction between public and private business in tills
respect; and he therefore called tho adjourned di bate.
Mr. Kitchen roso to a question of privilege respecting the schedules of the
Dominion census returns, which he said
were in tbo library when he inquired for
thom last evening, but had sinco beon sent
back to the Provincial Secretary's office,
lie asked that the standing orders bo
suspended so that tho House could
pass an order that thoy be sent down
Hon. Mr. Davie said if tho papers had
beon returned to the Provincial Secretary's office as stated, they could be sent
for without any suspension of the rules
or any such order as proposed, and Mr.
Kitchen may consult them either in that
office or in tho library, provided that at
night the papers aro returned whero
they may bo In somo safe custody, as a
matter of ordinary precaution.
Mr. Sword rose to a question of prlvi-
| lego rospoctlng the return In connection
with tho Nakusp & Slocan railway. He
hold that whilo tho railway aid act provided that tho Government should not
guaranteo bonds in excess of tho cost of
tho road, there were included in the return no papers showing what that cost
is ostimated at, and he therefore moved
that an order of the Houso issue for thi!
production of any reports by ongineers
as to what the cost will probably be;
copies of the conditions upon which tenders for tho construction were called for;
and copies of tho tenders received.
lion. Mr. Davie said the hon. gentleman would find that the action tho Government had taken is perfectly within
the authority given by tho railway aid
act, and that an entirely conclusive and
satisfactory answer can be mado to the
point lie had raised. Tito Govornmont
had taken good care to supply themselves with the best information obtainable as to tho probable cost of the work,
though a groat deal of this information
had been verbal.
Mr. Semlin admitted tbat tho order of
tho House with respect to the production
of papers had been complied with to the
letter, but he would liko the additional
information asked for.
Hon. Mr. Davie said there was no objection to producing this, but thoro was
no necessity for tlie resolution.
Mr. Kitchen resumed tho debate on the
motion of censure of the Government
moved by Hon. Mr. Beaven respecting
the financial liabilities of the Province,
and the amendment moved by Mr.
Hon. Mr. Beaven, no one else rising,
remarked that he had something to say
before tho question was put.
Mr. Hunter said ho hoped the Speaker
would not declare the debato closed when
Mr. Beaven spoke, for he wished to add
a fow words.
Hon. Mr. Davio asked for a ruling upon the point whether when an amendment is movod tho right of roply is
retained by the movor or tho original
motion aftor ho has spoken on tho
amendment. The practice of tho hon.
gentlemen opposite had been to wait
I until those whom they wished to attack
were precluded by tbe rules of tho Houso
from replying, and then to mako thoir
most untruthful insinuations.
lion. Mr. Heaven rose to a point of
Hon. Mr. Davie continued that ho was
not surprised to find the lion, gentlemen
opposite averse to hearing what lie had
to say. It was, as be said, their plan to
wait until there was no opportunity to
reply and then to introduce new matter,
as for instance had been done to-day by
.Mr. Kitchen witli respect to the material
of the C.P.R., which he had told the
Ilousn was to bo used on the Nakusp &
Slocan and ou the Cariboo railway.
lion. Mr. Heaven again rose to a point
of order.
lion. Mr. Davie said it wasqulte in accordance with tho plan ho had mentioned for the hon. gentleman to call him to
order now.
The Speaker, on the question put to
liiin, suid that If the mover of a resolution spoke on an amendment he had nn
further right of roply.
Hon. Mr. Heaven said he quite understood that If ho spoke now he would
have no further right to spoak. Proceeding with his address he took up the
subject of special warrants, and disputed
tho statements which ho said had been
made by Mr. Huntor with respoct to the
Issue of such warrants by Mr. Beaven's
governments from 1873 onwards. He
declared that tho system of special warrants had been Inltlatod by himself but
only In 1879.
Mr. Hunter explained and repeated the
figures with respect to tho ovcr-expondl-
turos which ho had given before and
whicli Hon. Mr. Heaven now challenged.
lie said ho had not roforred to the Issue
of "special warrants" In 1873, because
they wore not then so described, but he
showed that from that dato down to 1879
there hud been a total of $225,284 expended In excess of tho votes or without
any vote at all; and that "special warrants" had been systematically Issued by
Mr. Heaven's government from their Initiation��� when tliey succeeded the "over
votrs" and no-votes"���down to 1883. In
the face of these facts the leader of the
Opposition had tried tho other day to
create the impression that the present is
the   Government   which   inltlatod   the ,1
practice of spending money on special
warrants. In 1880, while the Lieutenant-Governor was buckling on his sword
for the propogation ot tho Legislature,
Hon. Mr. Beaven was already hard at
work writing out special warrants; and
though he now criticises the Government
for want of foresight, it is found that In
the year just mentioned, tho first after
these warrants were initiated, that tren-
tleman was engaged during tho whole
session of the legislature In drawing out
special warrants for which no voto was
asked until the following year. And the
next session the same thing wont on all
the timo the House was sitting.
Mr. Cotton spoke in justification of tho
conduct of the Opposition in obstructing
the proceedings on Friday night, holding that his side wero in no way responsible for what had occurred.
Mr. Croft said as he is chairman of tho
public accounts committee, and the reports from that committee had been very
largely quoted in this debate, he thought
lie should make a fow remarks, lie proceeded to deal with the matter of the
special warrants and to show tbat they
were issued for necessary works, the
carrying out of which the members opposite do uot object to, the only fault
they find being that the special warrants
were asked   for  the appropriations, a I
measure of aid as that given to the other
"Then no guarantee has been given to
any railway upon tho lower Mainland,
although railways in the upper country
and on the Island have been thus assisted,
whilo it is only on the lower Mainland of
all places within the Province that a railway has been built without any Government aid whatever, the city of New
Westminster having secured the construction and operation of the branch of
the Great Northern built from the proposed site of this bridgo to the boundary
"But it is conceived that this company
has much stronger claims upon ths Government for aid, and that to a greater
extent, than any other company which
has been aided: (1) Because of tho securing of speedy communication between
the Island and the Mainland. Tho Government buildings in courso of construction wore recognised as necessary
to permanently secure the existing relations of Victoria and tlie Island to the
other part of the Province, and prevent
agitation which can only, or may at
least probably, from one point of view,
result in tlie dismemberment of the Province. The present undertaking, by
practically anchoring tlie Island comparatively close to the Mainland, will, it
though the practice of the leader of  the   is perhaps not too much to suy, have at
Opposition when iu  oflice  wns  to   avail
himself of such warrants.
The amendment and tlie resolution as
amended were, adopted by 18 to 9, a
party division with the exception that
Mr. Grant voted with tlie majority.
The bill to Incorporate the Delta and
New Westminster railway company
(Mr. Punch) was rend a thiid time und
The House went Into committee on tlie
bill to incorporate tlie Great Western
telephone company (Mr. Eberts), with
Mr. Grant In the chair.
Tho committeo reported tho bill complete with amendment.
The Houso wont into committeo on tho
British Columbia Southern railway bill,
Mr. Stoddart In the chair.
The bill was reported complete with
The House adjourned at 10.40 p.m.
000, the bonds to bear interest at  4 per
cent, per annum, and to favorable consideration in the future as regards the
remainder of the proposed railway.
"On behalf of the deputation.
"(Sd.) II. Uov,
"Mayor of New Westminster, B.C.
"Dated at Victoria,  this 23rd day of
February, a.d., 1894."
The Lower Wraser Deputation ask Government Aid for Bridge and Railway.
The following Is the full text of the
petition presented to the Government,
praying for aid toward tho construction
of the Delta, Westminster & Eastern
railway and the Fra9er river bridge:
"The Hon. Theodore Davie, Q.C., Attorney-
General, Victoria.
"Sir,���In again pressing upon your-
Government tlie claims of the Delta,
Westminster & Eastern railway company,
to aid in connection with the proposed
construction of n combined railway and
traffic bridge across the Eraser raiver, at
the city of New Westminster, as part of
the company's line of railway, subject
to the conditions that tho traffic portion
of the bridge should be free, and that all
railways desiring to use the bridge should
be allowed to do so on fair terms, to bo
settled, unless agreed upon by the Lieu-
tenant-Governor-in-Council, we are glad
to be able to point out, that our position
has been materially strengthened since
we first waited upon you in this matter.
"Since then tho Municipalities of Chilliwack, Sumas, Matsqui, Langley.Surrey,
Delta and Burnaby, have forwarded to
your Government through us, resolutions
passed unanimously by their respective
councils, urging the favorable consideration/if the request for aid mado by us on
therformer occasion, and we are also
supported by a resolution of tho Council
of the city of Victoria, while a similar
resolution, of which notice was given for
the last meeting of the Council of tho
city of Vancouver, was withdrawn only
becauso of the absence of tbe Mayor of
that city In Victoria at tho time when
the meeting took place, and of the
Dresenco of a quorum only of tho aldermen.
"But your knowledge of the situation
of Vancouver, and the interview whicli
the Mayor of that city has had with you
since our former interview, will enable
you to judge of the accuracy of the statements then made by us as to the feeling
existing thore with reference to this
"On behalf of those whom wo represent, or are ontltlod to speak for, or who
aro in accord with us on tho Mainland,
the question of tho construction and
maintenance of the free traffic bridgo
across the Eraser river at New Westminster is of tlie first and utmost importance, and there can bo no doubt that any
opposition to this company whioh may
exist anywhere is confined to the combination of railway Willi traffic purposes In
this undertaking, and this for local reasons only.
"A journey recently made through the
district of Westminster by some members
of our deputation confirms our belief that
while the claims of tlie company to aid
from tbe Government in the existing circumstances is recognised and supported
by a great majority of the residents of the
least an equal effect in Ihe. desired direc
tion by making each place easy of access
from the Other, th us removing the sectional feeling Which bus done so much
In its results to stir up discord in tin.
Province, and materially injure It abroad;
(:i) lieeunse ns regards the traffic portion
of the bridge, It is really  a   work   of  a
Provincial character.   There is no traffic
bridge over the Frnser rkeron the lower
Mainland, and the absence of roads and
bridges on tho north side of the river
leaves tlie trunk and other roads on tlie
south side the only available highway to
tho coast, only needing the bridgo to bo
complete; (3) The proposed undertaking
would provide for the maintenance of the
bridgo, excepting only the planking for
the traffic portions, which would be tept
In repair by tho municipalities interested; (4) The Government Is already committed to a guarantee in respect of the
Sidney branch, which entails an expenditure of 80,000 a year, without any definite prospect of ceasing, unless by the
construction of tho line to New Westminster; (5) The Government has also
granted 815,000 a year to New Westminster for seven years In aid of the
bridgo, which sum would be no longer
necessary if tho aid requested be given.
"It is confidently anticipated, and wo
think that in view of tlie nature of the
proposed undertaking of tho company,
in the existing circumstances, it can
easily be seen that thero is good reason
to expect that tho company would bo
able to pay a fair dividend from tlie completion of the first section of its railway
and the bridge, and to believe that nothing but the present extraordinary
financial depression could make it necessary to ask for a guarantee by the Government of the company's bonds, which
iu good times might be expected to bo
saleable without it, though of course not
upon equally favorable terms. But the
proposed undertaking also differs from
all the others mentioned by affording In
itself substantial security against loss by
reason of the proposed guarantee altogether apart from the ordinary revenues
of the company.
"Firstly, by tolls upon railways using
the bridge. Since our last interview Mr.
Hill, president of tlie Groat Northern
railway company, has telegraphed to the
Mayor of New Westminster that his company would not only use the bridgo but
would exchange traffic with this company. Secondly, if necessary, tho Government could impose tolls upon the
traffic over the bridge. The operation
of tho ferry by tho city of New Westminster enables us to say that ten thousand dollars is a fair estimate of revenue
which could bo derived from this source,
and this would naturally steadily increase oach yoar.
"Tho extreme limit for the amount to
be guaranteed as asked is 8750,000, interest upon which, at four por cent, per
annum, Is 830,000; which, for tho next
sevon years, would certainly bo covered,
if tho necessity should arise, by tho
yearly payment already granted of 815,-
000, and the railway and traffic tolls,
apart from any ordinary revonue from
the railway, and at the end of that time
tho ordinary revenue, combined with the
tolls upon traffic, if necessary, may be
counted upon as sufficient to protect the
Government against loss.
"If any doubt npon this point should
exist, we earnestly press upon tho Government that in view of the comparatively small amount required to bo
guaranteed  us against   the   amounts
guaranteed for the other railways referred to. und the more favorable conditions under which this company undertakes its works, the people of tho lower
Mainland would not be unduly favored
by affording them similar aid to that
given elsewhere, nnd that for tha reasons
suggested, this company is believed lobe
entitled to mure aid than could justly be
expected by It apart from the consideration of the general and Provincial, as well
us special grounds whicli wo have mentioned.
"Although tho undertaking lu Its pre-
Gladstone to Resign.
London, Feb. 27th.���Inquiries mado by
representatives of the United Press tend
to confirm the roport that Mr. Gladstone's resignation is inevitable within a
few weeks. Since Mr. Gladstone's return from Biarritz, the cataract which
lias been formed in his eyo has ripened
fast, and Doctors Bond, Grainger and
other physicians, whom he has consulted
consider an early operation advisable.
Tho treatment will necessarily involve
seclusion in a darkened room for a long
time, probably three months, with a
complete cessation of all work attended by
brain strain, or worry. Mr. Gladstone's
colleagues wisli liim to postpone ids resignation of tlie Primiersliip until the last
possible moment and to retain a sinecure
seat in tlie cabinet; such as by taking
the office of Lord Privy Seal.
The Liberals are divided in opinion as
to whether Mr. Gladstone's retirement
will be temporary or permanent. Mr.
Gladstone liim self freely tells his friends
that, his hearing is going witli   eyesight. I
i Ills health otherwise,   however, Is   still;
j vigorous.      ills voice in last night's   do-1
bate in the Houso of Commons was  full I
I and clear, and his bearing was upright
and firm. The Radicals, who believe
him an obstacle to the reform of tho
House of Lords, hold that Mr. Gladstone's withdrawal from the ministry,
lu a few days will be final. The story is,
however, officially denied. Mr. Gladstone's followers, the Tory pross assert,
have become agitated almost to tbo verge
of a panic by the statements of his intended resignation. Though there aro
still many doubters, tho reports of his
Immediate withdrawal from office find
most credonco amongst his supporters.
Anarchist Actio ty.
Rome, Fob. 28���In tho Chambor of
Deputies to-day Signer Crispi, tho Prime
Minister, oxplainod tho Government's
reasons for proclaiming a state Of sioge
in Sicily. Tho documents which camo
into the posesslon of tho authorities at
Massa di Oarrari proved tho existonee of
Socialist and Anarchist plans to reorganize and repeat thoir uprising on a scale
approaching the proportions of a revolution. With this view the foreign Anarchists leaders wore Hocking to Sicily.
At a meeting of the foreign and Italian
Anarchists held recently in Marseilles,
he said, it was resolved to organize an
uprising of the peasants In Sicily, promises to be mado to the peasantry to
divide the Island among them. This
outbreak was to occur during 1894,
when, according to the representations
of the conspirators, a foreign war would
break out; Piedmont would be invaded
and a Russian fleet would occupy Italian
waters. These revelations having been
discovered, the Government promptly
seized all tho anarchists' Droperty and
documents to bo found and proclaimed a
state of siege. The statement of Premier
Crispi, together with the submission of
the documents he mentioned, made a
profound impression in the chamber.
Dislikes the Company.
Chicago, Feb. 24.���Prendergast, who
was to-day sentenced to be hanged
March 23 for the murder of Miyor Harrison, grew surlier as the day advanced
after receiving his sentence. When a
reporter called at the jail to-night and
asked the assassin if he had anything to
say regarding his sontonce, he cried out:
"No, not to reporters. 1 don't want to
see reporters nor to talk to them. The
press has no interest in me further than
to get news out of me. The newspapers
of Chicago are against mo. No man is
safo from vlllification, abuso and poisonous attack. I have nothing to say to the
press. It has plenty to say about me."
Thomas Hlggins, also sentenced to be
hanged on March 23 with Prendergast,
was disgusted whon he learned the news.
'���I have a notion to commit suicide," said
the murderer and burglar. "When it
conies to my turn to shuffle off, I want
Irish liomp and a green shroud, but I
draw the lino on boing compelled to pass
out with Prendergast. Somehow I can't
appreciate that fellow's greatness. Perhaps I am obtuse. Anyway, if I am allowed my voice In the matter, I shall not
line upon the scaffold with tho man who
killed Carter Harrison."
tims in the old boat. The last one came
to the top pretty close to daybreak. He
was a savage-looking old-timer. He wan
what with propriety we might call n
hard shell 'gator. Ho looked at me in
an insulting sjrt of way, and I resented
his impertinence. 1 brought hiin into
the boat. There is just where I made
iuy mistake. That alligator wasn't nil
the way dead. He seemed to have lota
of energy stored up somewhere, nnd h"
turned on me. We had a fight right
thero in the boat. Before I could pump
some pills into him he had me. What a
wrestling match it was! Young man,
that's what's the matter with the end of
that arm."
Origin of the Mtu-y of Creation.
In a summary which in its profound
thought and fearless integrity does honor
not only to himself but to the great po
sition which he holds, tue Rev. Dr.
Driver, royal professor of Hebrew and
Canon of Christ Church at Oxford, h��r>
recently stated the case fully and fairly.
Having pointed out the fact that the
Hebrews were one people out of many
who thought upon the origin of the universe, he says that they "flamed theories
to account for the beginning of the earth
and man;" that "they either did this for
themselves or borrowed those of their
neighbors;" that "of the theories current in Assyria and Phoenicia fragments
havo been preserved, and theso exhibit
points of resemblance with tho biblical
narrative sufficient to warrant tho inference that both are derived from the
same cycle of tradition.
Aftor giving some extracts from tbe
Chaldean creation tablets, he says:
"In the light of these facts it is difficult to resist the conclusion that the
biblical narrative is drawn from
the same source as these other records. The biblical historians, it is
plain, derived their material from the
best human sources available. * * *
The materials, which with other nations
were combined into the crudest physical
theories or associated with a grotesque
polytheism, were vivified and transformed by the inspired genius of the
Hebrew historians, and adapted to become tbe vehicle of profound religions
Not less honorable to the sister university and to himself is the statement
recently made by the Rev. Prof. Ryle,
Hulsean professor of divinity at Cam-
bridge. He says that to suppose that a
Christian "must either renounce his
confidence in the achievements of scientific research or abandon bis faith in
scripture is a monstrous perversion of
Christian freedom." He declares: "The
old position is no longer tenable; a new
position has to be taken up at once,
prayerfully chosen, am. hopefully held."
He then goes on to prepare the Hebrew
story of creation with the earlier stories
developed among kindred peoples, and
especially with the Assyro-Babylonian
cosmogony, and shows that they are
from the samo source.���Andrew D.
White, in the Popular Science Monthly.
Strange as it may seem to some, tbe
ingredients of the witches' cauldron in
"Macbeth," at least a part of them,
were once standard remedies among
Europeans. In the tenth and eleventh
centuries a sovereign cure for ague was
the swallowing of a small toad that had
been choked to death on St. John's eve,
and a splendid remedy for rheumatism
was to fasten the bands of clothing with
pins that had been stuck into the flesh
of either a toad or a frog. Physician?
frequently recommended the water from
a toad's brain for mental affections, and
that a live toad be rubbed over the dis
eased parts as a cure for the quinsy.
A Sublime Road Truth.
The inhabitants of sparsely populated
regions must, of necessity, submit to the
inconvenience of poor roads; but as the
country becomes more populous, and
the area of cultivated land is increased,
and the product of human industry
multiplied, with the augmented wealth
tbat these conditions induces, the roads
can and should be improved and perfected. There is no reason why every
thickly settled and productive region in
this country should not ba npplltd
With good roads.   .    ,     _
lower Mainland of the Province general- .
ly, tbo feeling Is practically unanimous Bent form lias only recently boon brought
there, that tho erection aud maintenance | to the attention of the Government, the
of a traffic bridge by the Govornmont as ' different portions of It, and the purposes
a Provincial work Is no more than they j whicli will be achieved by It, have been
are entitled to, and Is at the present timo I prominently before the  House   and  tlie
most, urgently required In the, Interests
of the people of the lower Mainland
"While this Is so, the making of this
bridge a part of the line of some railway
company not only has the advantage of
securing the operation and maintenance
of this bridgo without any expense
to the Government, but seems to parties
concerned also to enable the Government
to afford to tho company aid to which It
would appear to have strong claims, not
moroly In respect o' Its line of railway
alone, but also, and chiefly, because of
tho purposes intended to bo served by tho
company's undertaking as a wholo.
"Wo desire to state briefly what aro
tho claims which wo believe entitle our
request to the favorable consideration of
the Government.
"Roforring first to tbo grounds common to .all railway companies In this regard, the comparative cheapness of that
portion of tho railway (less than twenty
miles) forming the first section to bo
built, because of length and cost of con
country for years. The securing of more
speedy communication DOtWOOn the Island and the Mainland has beon freely
und publicly discussed, and has boen tlie
object, or one of tho objects of undertakings for which some charters have
been obtained, and more have boon attempted; and the necessity for providing
for the crossing of the Eraser by means
ut lirst of the existing ferry, which has
proved Inadequate, aiid thon by a bridge
undor tho proposod agroement with
another company, under tho act of last
session, was of courso forcibly urged
upon tho Government and tho Houso.
"We would, therefore, most earnestly
urge upon your Government that an undertaking recommended to favorable
consideration as this Is, having for Its
objects results so much to bo desired
from a Provincial as woll as a local
standpoint, being supported by so mr.ny
special claims, and lu tho peculiar existing circumstances so woll secured against
loss under any guarantee, Is entitled to
favorable consideration of tho request of
Sinclair & Go's
Opposite Tramway Office, ColiMa Street
Stallions for Sale.
For Sale, two thoroughbred Clydesdale
.Stallions, weighing about 1,70(1 pounds
each. Will be sold on easy terms. For
further particulars apply to
Mount j\ernou, Wash.
Estray Steer.
Strayed into the promises of tho undersigned, on or about 1st December
last, a red and whito steer. The owner
Is horeby notified to prove property, pay
expenses, and take the animal away.
Jan. 13, '94. Elgin, B. C.
Corner of Columbia & MeKenzie Sts.,
CAPITAL, all paid np, $12,000,000
REST,   -    -    -   6,000,000
A Savings  Bank
Has  boen  oponed  in   connection   with
this Branch.
structlon as compared   with the linos of; a guarantee of tho Interest and principal
railway already guaranteed by the Government, and the fact that the proposed
railway would supply an existing local
want, instead of, as In the other cases,
boing designed to create a traffic, seem to
entltlo this company to at least the same
of the bonds of tho company to an
amount not exceeding tho actual aud
necessary cost of tho first section of tlie
railway and the bridge, as certified to by
an engineer to be appointed by tho Government, but In no   caso beyond &760,-
II Is Fine Sport but Familiarity with th��
Kepiih'h Is Dangerous.
Col. Streeter, a Floridian, told the zoo-
logical reported o, mo V\ ash. gtou Star
a good alligator story. One of tbe Colonel's bands was missing, and knowing
the section from which he hailed, tbe
reporter naturally expected to gel a
first class war story. But he didn't.
Tbe hand was not lost in tlie fratricidal
struggle. It was the work of an alligu
tor, or, as they call them in the land
where the reptile builds its nest, and
rears its young, a 'gaitor. "Well, it
happened a long time ago," said Col,
Streeter, "and if I had not told the
story so often I think I should have
forgotten it. When I wiw a young
fellow, ohuckful of dazzling dreams
and ambitious schemes. I used
to hunt 'gators for a living. Tho hide
of one of those brutes is worth all the
way from one to four dollars, according
to sizu, condition and age. I hail a biir,
flat-bottomed boat, sort of a compromise
between a batteau and a sand-scow, and
I used to cruise nt night on a lako not
far out of Tampa. One dark night 1
shoved off. After I had reached the
most alligatorial part of the lako I lit a
fire on one end of tho boat. These crafts
are arranged especially for this, so there
isn't much dangor of tho wholo thing
going up in smoke. Woll, when my
rosin knots liegan to blaze and sputter
and sizzle as rosin knots will, it wasn't
long before a big 'gator raised his head
out of the lake to see what tiie illumina
tion meant. To a newcomer there isn't
any more horrible sight this side of the
other world than a great, long 'gator
lying close to you and grinning at you
with his ripsaw ivories under tho weird
glaro of pine knots. But I didn't think
of this, for I was an old haud at tliu
business. Bang I and a Sharpo gun relieved that 'gator of all earthly care and
trouble. I hauled hiin in and stretched
him out in the bottom of my boat, lt
was a good night for the sport, and tbe
'gators seemed to be especially inquisitive as to tbe moaning of that fitful
light. That trusty riflu spoke again and
again, and ono by o:ie I lall led tbo  vie
To Contractors.
SEALED TENDERS, endorsed "Tender," will bo received by tlie Honourable the Chief Commissioner of Lands
and Works up to 4 o'clock p. m., of
Tuesday, Oth March next, for tho erection of a Provincial Home for Aged
Persons at Kamloops.
Plans and specifications can be soon,
nnd forms for tender obtained, at the
oflice of It. MacKay Frlpp, Esq., Architect. Vancouver, at the Government
Ollice at Kamloops, and at the office of
tlie undersigned.
Tbe lowest or any tender will not
necessarily be accepted.
W. 8. GORE,
Deputy Commissioner Lands & Works.
Lands and Works Department,
Victoria, 11. C, (ith February. 1894.
Merest Allowed at Cnrreit Rates.
At present three and one-half per cent.
Columbia Street, New Westminster.
Tho Latest and Choicest Patterns in Scotch
and English Tweeds, Etc., for fall aud winter
Oct Prices!
and: Ditelalii.
S   .
Ti:i,i:enoNi': l?u. Corner of
P.O. Ilox 58. Agnes .It MeKenzie Sts,
After Feb, 1st,
Bennett, tbe Jeweler,
will bo found iu the Store next to Train-
way ollice, lately occupied by
Davidson  Bros.
Best   and   Largest
Stock in Town.
Any   Style  of  Jewelry
made to order.
��2T We mako a specialty of repairing
Chronographs, Repeaters, and all fine
and complicated watches.
Orders by mail solicited.
New Westminster
<j AND
& HOY'S, S
I   Dupont Block, Columbia St. ���
ALL placer claims and leaseholds ia
Vancouver Island and adjaconfc
islands legally held may bo laid over
from tho 15th day of November, 1893,
until the 1st day of June, 1894.
Gold Commissioner.
Victoria, B. C. Oth December, 1893.
"Fire Insurance PolicyAct, 1893/'
NOTICE is hereby  given  that  HW
Honor  the   Lieutenant-Governor
in Council has named tho
in lieu of tho 1st day of January, 1894,
as tho date upon  which "An Act to secure Uniform Conditions in Policies of-
Fire Insurance," shall come into force.
Provincial Secretary.
Provincial Secretary's Offico,
20th Decombor, 1893.
NOTICE is hereby given that Assessed
and Provincial Revenue Taxes,
for the year 1894, are now duo and nay-
able at my offico, Court House, New
Westminster, at the following rates :���
If paid on or before 80th June :
One-half of one por cont. on tho
assosscd valuo of real estate.
Two por cent, on  the assessod vain
of wild land.
Ono-tlilrd of ono per cont. on tho
assessed value of personal property.
Ono-half of ono per cent, on thn Income of overy person of $1,(100
or ovor.
If paid on or after 1st July :
Two-thirds of one per cent, on the
assessed value of real  property.
Two and one-half per cent, on thn
assessed valuo of wild land.
One-half of one per cent, on the assessod valuo of personal property
Three-quarters of ono per cont. on
tho Income of ovory person of
$1,600 or over.
Provincial Rovenuo Tax, $3 por capita
(New Westminster and Vancouver Cities
All parties whose taxes are In arrears
up to .'Ust Decombor, 1893, aro requested
to pav the samo forthwith, or costs will
bo Incurred at an early date.
All taxes due on property in thoTown-
sites of Hastings, Port Moody, Mission
City, Abbotsford and Huntingdon aro
also payable to
Assessor and Collector for Ihe Electoral Districts of Westminster, New Westminster
City and Vancouver City.
Now Wostmlnstor, Jan. 10th, 1894�� g��ST    COpt)
NEW   WESTMINSiElt,    liiUi
Is the Cheapest Newspaper published in
British Columbia.
gF    ONLY
This is a price that suits the times, and no home   need be
without a good Home Paper.
will find the PACIFIC CANADIAN a particularly desirable
Advertising Medium. It reaches the people that merchants
and others want to reach, and in the chief agricultural districts of the Province, the CANADIAN has a larger circulation than any other newspaper whatsoever.
It is the especial aim  of the  Publishers to  make  the
Pacific Canadian
That will go into the homes of the Province, clean, pure,
and healthy in tone, and with reading matter [to suit the
tastes of old and young, so as to be a delight to the circle
around the hearth.
Subscribe for a Year, and learn how much pleasure you can
bring home for $i.
The Pacific Canadian,
(Continued from last woo:..
"A long time ago I left a play witli
you. This afternoon I saw it acted at
Palliser's theater, your name on the programme as its author."
This was tho moment of   supreme dis
simulation, and Tom knew  it.    All Deforces   within   him  were   roused  to   n
throbbing  sense   of   self preservation
But ho could not lie to  him.    He could
be vory wicked  but  for ono strain  iii
herent in his nature.    Tho waywarrtnei-
rolled like a sea, only to break uponihir
us upon a bar and surge back  stren  i
less and abortive.    No, he c.oulu not I
to him.    His glance wavered, the cigai
dropped from his   trembling   lingers, hi
moved a littlo noaror Felix Dawson, his
heart in his oyea.
"What will you do? Wait bofore yon
speak. Hear me." lie stopped sudden
ly, pierced to Ihe heart. "My God
what must you think of me?"
"What do 1 think of you?" aBked Daw
son, the low, resonant voice suddenly
quivering with contempt. "1 would not
touch your hand for all tho money in
tho world if 1 starved tomorrow. You
seem to me like a rich man who searches
through a beggar's rags and steals his
last coin. Yon aro utterly detestable to
mo.    Yon coward!    You thief!"
Tom started and Hung back his head.
"No, I'm not. that. I'm not what you
believe, 1 didn't rob you of your ono
possession and add it to my many. 1
took it when 1 waa mad with despair.
You must beliovo mo���you must. It
was hero in this very room," and ho hold
out his arms, looking around the placo.
an almost childish pleading i.i his eyes
"1 came in knowing I had failed. 1 accepted defeat with what agony perhaps
you can guess. It waa then I read your
play for the first time. More than a year
had passed since you left it, and I thought
you dead. It would mean nothing to
you, everything to me. 1 took it. 1 ask
yon again, what will you do?"
There was understanding in Felix
Dawson's eyes, but no softening. His
heart was like a wrung out sponge���it
knew no extremes. The one passion left
him was a morbid love for tbe play he
had written.
"Poor, wronged dead men. They cannot all come back as 1 have done. But
unfortunately for you," he said, with a
Blight curl of his lip, "I was not dead. I
came here three times in the summer
following. The place seemed shut up
The rest of the time 1 havo spent in a
hospital. Facing doath and oteruity, 1
forgot life, I forgot you. God has
cursed mo for many years, and 1 never
bent to the rod. And now, when I had
thought the long, bitter day was to end
in storm and darkness, there is a promise of a now dawn."
"You mean?"��� and the worda were a
terrified breath on Tom's lips.
"What can 1 mean but that you are to
give me my play?" he cried.
"I can't. Don't you see that it is impossible���now?" The prayer had gone
from Tom's voice. It was dogged, desperate. "I'll givo you overy lieuny I got
for it, but my name must stand as its
author. To acknowledge your right
would be confessing my theft.   That 1
refuse to do.   It would mean social dis-
irrace.    Do you understand?"
Dawson's face was terrible in its scorn,
"Money won't content me."
"See here. I could have denied your
right to this play���lied to your teeth.
But I didn't. Face to face in this silent
room I have been honest with you. I
would undo it all if I could, God knows
how readily." He paused, and his voice,
though quiet, wae like the strokes of
steel upon steel. "But before the world
it will be different. If you have no
mercy on my position, I'll have none on
you, I will swear if need be that the
play is mine from the first word to the
last. I tell you it will be an unequal
struggle, and I will win. Cranks and
blackmailers abound in New York. You
will be classed among them and be forgotten. You'd better accept my terms.
Think again. Take the money. I'll be
glad to give it to you. But the play
must remain mine. It is too late for
iinything else. Dont you see? Can't
you see?'
Dawson seemed scarcely to listen to
him. He was looking past him, a faint,
dre-my smile upon his pale lips.
"That's your view of the situation.
Now hear mine. I've been trying for 15
years to touch success. I've always just
iniaeod it. I mado my last throw when
1 wrote 'Dr. Fleming,' and it won.
Monoy? Do you think money will mako
up for tho loss of the thing most precious
tome? Deny me as you will; I'll take
my chances. You've robbed me of what
I love. That play was friend and sweetheart, fire and food, to me for a year. It
Is part of mo. All I have hoped and
suffered appears ia ita lines like a reflection in a glass. Oh, yea, I'll hove H
He walked to the door, the bluish dusk
shading his white, earnest, clear cut
face, and clothing him with mystery.
Long after he was gone Tom stood
listening to the splashing of tho rain.
His brain was afire with questions.
Dawson would accuse him, but it
would amount to nothing; he wonld be
thought a man driven frantic by misfortune. But the money���that was a different matter and an unpleasant one.
He would never put another penny of
the play's payments to his own use. They
must be saved for Felix Dawson���saved
secretly���aud some day he might be induced to accept them. This meant sudden poverty for himself and might excite
curiosity. He could say he was paying
his debts, or some of the speculations
recently indulged in might be fortunate.
He was not afraid.    He felt secure.
Coffee and liquors wero on the table
when Delatole rushed in.
"Pass over the absinthe, Tom," he
said, with a smile and a comfortable
kind of shiver. "Gad, this room looks
cozy after the rain. Hear it, splashing
in bucketfuls. I had to go to Emerson's
and have a bite with him���listened to
nothing hntpratrps of yen from the soup
i....... i ...w.u (���     _^���;j , i'L    Lj
says you're a genius. But that's nothing new. Haven't 1 always said you
stood alone? This last play settles the
point beyond dispute. Tho Russian color
is admirable! How the deuce you caught
it I can't tell, whon you nevor had your
nose in Russia. But who can explain
; no vagaries of genius? When you wrote
that play, Tom, you prepared a delight
For posterity."
AU. a   was  to  hear words like thoso
thiil   I   !ix   Dawson  demanded what he
i      Money,   after   nil,   was  the
lallest    part    of   the   triumph.     Tom
���ii   -elf and found Delatole smil-
i   in  his  must  engaging  way.
- were  usually very expensive
..    . augured  frowns fur somo-
mow, Tom," mid   Ins black
i    ��� looked down  at the
qnor   swaying   under  the
..<s  fingers, "the time has
in can do mo a favor?"
���i' ���.i I   ii    ied?"
''    i  iii        seem overjoyed," he said
[inrriug tone.     "Look hero.    1 know
.eve bad a  lew small differences, but
can any two people of marked individuality live together m a stato of unrulllod
|ioauo?   Tom, give mo your baud."
There was a craven malignity in every
lino of his sneering face. A longing almost irresistible gripped him to knook
Tom down and kiok him until the hot,
brutal desire for retaliation had beefi
"Stumped, by Godt" he muttered.
"Oh, yes, I'll how* U bock."
"Don't be mawkish. Oomo to the
point You want something. What is
"Why, you're positively brutal, you
uncompromising young dog!" said Dela-
iiile. with a laugh, and then loaned confidingly on his arm, something terrier
like in the intensified sharpness of his
'ace, "but here goosl I know you'll help
mo. now that yon are a Croesus again
I'm tired working for The Challenge.
Tho pay. large as it seems, is beastly
mall for all I do. Emerson is anxious
o sell The Morning Cry. and 1 want, to
ony it. Whew! What a chance'for me
I'd make it yell. Why, I'd be rich in a
\ car. Now, if 1 can only pay him a third
of the required amount down, it's mine.
I want you. Murray, to lend it to me.'
It was triumph that flickered deeply
in Tom's level glance. How often in his
luckless moments this voice had sharply
prodded him that now, sunk to a caressing tone, asked help of him!
"Quite impossible, my dear Delatole,"
as laid promptly, with a shrug. "1 need
jvery penny just now."
"You're jestiug." And Delatole grew
visibly paler. "What is your pressing
need, pray?"
"1 must pay my debts. As you so often reminded me, they are legion. I owe
you nothing more���thank God for that���
but there are others."
"Murray, this is bosh. Let them wait.
I should certainly be first with you.
This is a critical moment foe me. You
oan't refuse."
"I do.   I refuse."
There was a sullen, red point in Delatole's purplish pupils. He felt very
much as an elderly hen does who sees a
half feathered chicken leave the shelter
of her wing and with a defiant chirp
make its hesitating way alone. It was a
moment before he could control himself
and speak.
"Surely Mrs. Baudoine'H money"���he
commenced with a forced, insulting
"You've talked a good deal about that
money, Delatole. I'm sorry it must be
left out of your calculations. The engagement's off. Sink or swim, I go it
alone. Mrs. Baudoine understands, and
we remain good friends."
"So that's tho way the wind lies? You
muBt be growing sentimental again.
Well, then, your own money will answer. You're drawing big royalties from
your play, and it's one to last. I tell you,
Murray, if you refuse to assist me you
are a contemptible iugrate." Ho stood
up, placed his palms upon tho table, his
voice coiling serpent wiso around the
wordB. "It was \ who mado you. Don't
forget that, my friend. You are an unformed stripling, a youngster groping in
the dark, without polish, without suavity.    Why, without me"	
Tho blood rushed to Tom's face.
"Don't remind me of what I was���
without you. Don't lot mo think of
what I have become following you," he
interrupted ficrcoly. "You mado me,
you say? I havo ruined myself, rather,
and you havo ably assisted at the wrecking. You can no more remake me now
than can I myself."
He stood up, his eyes flashing with
| their old impulsive passion.   The worda
came slowly, deliberately:
"Perhaps it's Just as well we speak
plainly at lea*. Detntokyyon'Te robbed
"Yes, you've lived upon ma successfully for two years. Fm negligent about
money, and I let you go on, but I'm not
a fool. You have bled me in a most consistent and masterly manner, doubled
my expenses with a lavish recklessness,
and I knew it all the time. But I kept
the peace, for I had made up my mind to
end it at the first opportunity." He
leaned forward, his face close to Delatole's, and his clinched hand rang on the
table.   "It's ended now."
During his adventurous life Anthony
Delatole had many times been surprised,
but never so thoroughly confounded before. He stood leaning upon the table
and watched Tom out of  the room.
Tho next fortnight saw an important
ohange in Tom's lifo. Ho left tlie University building and took a cheaper
suite of rooms on Irving place, one of
tho bivouacs of Bohemia. Delatole and
he had parted in a silence that was sultry.
I lis plunges in Wall street kept him
well supplied with money for tho timo
being, and of the aituro he thought but
Tho secrot had changed its aspect. He
no longer cared to face it. It was now
.a monstrous fear maddening him with
whispers of a hundred possibilities, prodding him, sending out false alarms and
slowly chilling his assurance into an
ever present premonition. Since the day
Felix Dawson left him with the declaration, "Oh. yes, I'll have it back," he bin!
not seen nor heard of liim. This absolute withdrawal was moro significant
than threats. Suppose llo had Incontestable proof, after all? What If ho
lied when ho said ho had nocopy? What
if hi' could produce witnesses to prove
ho had written tho play? Would this
man somo day appear again, relentless
in his quiet way, and hurl tho bombshell that would bring his false lifo in
ruiuB about his ears?
His rupturo with Delatole���that, too,
made him uneasy. Oh, it was a load
from his heart to have told him the truth,
to have seen the sullen surprise deepen
into a stolid hatred in his horrid eyes. It
was a relief, a balm, but it brought a
danger in its wake. Suppose they met,
these two who for different reasons
would rejoice in his overthrow. Then
indeed might he shudder. J^elatole would
follow tho scent insatiably. He would
come like a vulture to pick his bor. jS.
Even if proof were not possible ho would
so damn him with suspicion, so besmear
him with the trail of his innuendoes, so
riddle him with the darts of his acrid
humor, his prestige would be lost forever. Delatole had the power, tho opportunity and the unswerving patience
to write an enemy down and out of existence.
These dangers lay in wait for him at
some turnmg in the darkness beyond liis
vision. But there was something more
terrible���a voice that spoke to him as no
living voice could. Mystic and personal, it came from his soul. Conscience,
I liko tho giant of fairy lore, sometimes
awakens refreshed and hungry from a
seven years' sleep. In this interval of
inaction it was impossible for Tom to
look back on the Bhort life he had so
j quickly and completely degraded and
tool no pang.
The heartburning, the anxiety, left
j their haggard marks upon his face. He
J grew thin, he became morose and melancholy. His world lost sight of him,
but hidden in some corner of the crowded theater, driven there by a restless fascination, by the same resistless impulse
which forces the murderer to feast his
shrinking eyes upon his victim, he nightly watched the play that told him in
every Hue he was a thief.
His nights were sleepless and filled
with fears���intolerable links between
morbid, feverish days. He drank heavily, trying to find in the flaming odors of
brandy an assuagement for the ache in
his heart.
This was Tom's life now. And across
this waste, like a pale ray trembling
from pure, open skies, came a longing,
persistent as a thirst, to see Virginia.
He could not account for it. It was
not that he fancied their friendship
might be in any degree renewed, indeed
he never seemed farther from her than
at this period, never more undeserving
of a glance from her eyes. But the desire was there, not forcible enough to
send him seeking her, yet with him always. While fearing, half expecting to
come face to face with Dawson, he was
unconsciously looking for her on the
streets, in shops and at the theater.
Two years had passod, and he had never chanced upon her. Such a thing oould
only he possible in a city liko New York,
where interests lie so widely apart and
lifo rushes in great circles, one within
another, never meeting. Virginia waa
scarcely a mile from him, yet not seeking oach other thoy could not have been
more separate had they livod in different
towns. Bohemia ai I Chelsea squaro are
antithetic���the one all fever, struggle,
laughter, frailty, tho other somnolent in
an odor of sanctity, ruffled only by tremulous ohimea aa tbe days walk demurely
Yet, so strange is the affinity between
thought and sequence, Tom felt scarcely
any surprise when one night at the theater ho lifted his languid eyes and saw
Virginia in a lower box.
There she was as he had so often pictured her through these useless, feverish,
fear haunted days. His sick soul raged
with yearning, and in all the crowded,
half lit house he only saw her face. Ha
scarcely seemed to breathe. His eyes
devoured her. The dear focal There
waa no other like it in the world.
The light waa in her eyes, the red in
her arohing lips, the soft fire of expecting, exulting youth not one whit
dimmed. It ia only in books women
show upon their faces when they have
passed the first milestone on the path of
Would sho see him? He hardly knew
whether he most longed for or dreaded
her glance. How would she look if she
knew the truth about the play she
watched so earnestly? What would her
eyes say then?
A coldness began to steal over him, a
desire to shriek. His head was whirling.
Was ho going mad? This dull, inarticulate grief preying upon hia Uiojrt--oh, if
ho couktaigh it awayl
Saw Virginia In a lower box.
And all the whilo in the rosy gloom
thrown upward hy the footlightB Virginia's faco shone liko a star. And all
tho while tho old passion grew with the
si'conds. no longer single and pure, the
ideal lovo of a man's youth, but a reckless, dominant craving for her, the fruit
of past experience and prosent despair.
He remembered nothing moro until he
stood before her, their hands looked.
Oh, that moment!
Ho was dimly conscious of a strange
man with Virginia and of an introduction to him, but ho seemed an interminable distance away through a maddening red blur. The crowd, tho music,
too, had receded, and Virginia's upraised
eyes, her warm, confiding palm, were
the only realities.
What ho said to her ho never knew���
something muttered, incoherent���words
seemed of such little value then beside
the longing to crush her to his sore heart.
Then for a moment he looked away,
his eyes drawn upward as by a spelL
A cry wavered from his paling lips;
be reeled backward and flung her hand
from him. Above, among the sea of
faces, was Felix Dawson's, the light
from his eyes shooting through Tom's
guilty heart like a vein of electricity.
To his blinded, maddened senses the face
seemed distorted by a terrible menace.
His doom was written there.
In a moment ho was fleeing from it,
pushing through tho waiting crowdaiu
the aisles as a man breasts a sen.
Virginia, at the door of the box, stood
facing the crowd whero Tom had disappeared. A shudder shook her from head
to foot. Sho still seemed looking into a
pail' of tormented blue eyes alight witb
a shifting ila me; tho choked, broken accents of a familiar voice wei ^ in her ears.
And yet���oh, could it be?���was it really Tom who had stood there? That
gaunt figure aud sickly face, the dissolute eyes and coarsened mouth \, ;c
like a travesty on tho memory cheriehed
so tenderly.    The pity of itl
Her raised arm drooped against the
curtain in the shadow, and she laid hex
face upon it, closing her eyes and letting
tho slow, heavy tears fall as they would.
A love born of long association is not
an easy thing to kill. Virginia's died
hard in that piteous moment, but it died
surely. She scarcely knew it herself, sa
keen, so deep was the rush of comp*��
sion, almost maternal in ita intensity, ^��
that took its place.
But gradually as the tears fell and the
throes of the awakening continued she
saw the truth. The passion that had
held her to the past was like a wornout
coil whose strands in the weak places
she bad persistently kept mended until
Tom's own hand had cut it tonight, leaving in her grasp only a handful of worn-
out shreds. The old feeling was liko
something done with and put away forever. Weak and morbid natures cling
to a sentiment when the ideal that projected it is lost. A proud and virile
heart leaps exultant, free.
But there was none of the triumph of
freedom tempering the first acuteness of
Virginia's awakening. She was thinking of Tom as she had first Been him
years ago. He had stood on the steps of
the chapel that April morning when the
square was a glory of white clouds and
yonng, rustling loaves. The stiff student
cap threw a pointed shadow across his
glowing eyes. His gown was pushed
roughly back, one hand deep in his
pocket as he laughed aloud and snapped
his fingers at a little terrier rolling on
the grass, mad in the caress of the sunlight.
Tne then and nowl Ages had rolled
between that moment and this one. Was
thore nothing to be done���no price she
could pay, no sacrifice she could make���
to give him back that innocence and
know him again aa he waa.alaai. dajf
i ec
*���     -VWghhiaf
There waa a new significance-in Richard Monklow's touch upon her arm, light
as it was. She felt it in her blood. Then
was a sudden shyness in her glance. She
drew back, a new recognition startling
her, and looked intently at the broneed
face under the shorn white hair. How
composed lt was, how earnest and gentlel
"You know who that waa," she said;
"you've heard father revile him often
enough." She paused, and again a biting mist swam acrosB her sight. "Poor
T'-'! !"S bitterest enemy might pity
mm now." m
M PISH   COLUMBIA,   MARCH, 3,   1894.
"Perhaps you would like to follow
him. Would your If be lives ulvua.
has no one to help hitn"	
"What do yon meant" Andher burning baud was on his arm.
"He soeniod to mo on the verpe of :i
collapse. 1 saw a Bailor on oe wbost tiwi
woro that look, He shot himself If hi-
hadn't, i think hewouldhavegouainud.'
She threw out her hands iu u, gesture
of pnin.
"Yes���come. We can get his address
at the box office. If not, I know when'
the manager lives. Come. You will go
with me. won't you?"
He made no answor in words, bnt gazing down into ber questioning eyes n
flood of fealty poured from b:s, a long
yearning, inspiring glanco of passio:j
that thrilled her to the eor�� of bar troubled soul. 	
Scarcely 10 minutes Inter Tom entered
his sitting room. It was dark, He hated
the darkness Ho wanted light���light to
keep the terrors from erowdin;; npon liini
���an invisible, awful liurde, He lit the
lamp, stif.'gered to tc Miii.it,;,' fire and
fell [���;. latiM il itil i n i hail. \, luu ��� lie sal
with heavily hauling nrnin hihI bund
fall n foryrard. liis breath came in
spurts, his heart w s in hi I hru it. his
v. ide, i ircl d oyes were ,-.. (hilt ������>. bill his
Inward vision was llio mure bideousl.i
acute. Oh, Uod, the jiatlios of what he
saw 1
Ono after another ho reviewed the
wickednesses, the degradations of his
life, How closely tbey pn ssed to.^etlier
���a series of i tops, em b one I iver, fonu-
ing a stairway and de con . ug into a
gulfl -lb' mood faltering upon the edge
of the last,, the darkness hungry for Ins
soul, tbe roar of an incoming torrent iu
his enrs.
Tonight he lind stood face to face witb
Virginia, not with the white memory
which bad always followed him. but
with the living woman whose warm,
fragrant lips had surrendered to his kiss
lor ono ocs.utio moment, long, long ago
Oh, that fervent, remembered kissl Oh,
her deep, mystical eyes!
Those eyesl Ah. tbey had read him
through and through, making his blood
leap and shiver! lier power was still
unshaken in liis soul���nay, she was indeed his soul, for near her he felt and understood more keenly, and life tooK on a
deeper meaning. She waa ins light, his
breath, his revelation, with power in the
small compass of one glance to save
him even from himBc:f.
But. she was lost U him forever. With
the sight of Dawson's face had come the
thought of what ha was���not tit to stand
before h"v, uot Ct to touch her hand.
With a cry like an animal strangling
he threw out his arms. Oh, if he could
be better���or worsei But to have al
ways seen the good and loved it, aud yot
witb unstable feet to have drifted away
to all that was vile, even while keeping
his eyes fixed upon the beacon, that shed
its light in vain for liim���tins was torture. 0.1, if ho could go backl If he
only could like a child go back and begin all over again!
He got up slowly and fumbled among
the glasses on the table until he found
the bottle he wanted���a little wine to
kelp quench this aching regret, this self
reproach in every heart throb! Ho
drained the glass thirstily, let his folded
arms rest upon the table and laid his
head upon them,
Tiie things of the actual world slipped
away, and his sleep was troubled by a
He was alone. The night sighed around
bin), tue moon swung in the high, misty
spaces. He felt a sense of predestination as he moved along, as if each step
had been ordered by a will other than
his own. as if he must walk that ruud
nnd eventually see what lay ahead in the
ntyskiwy of tho far, bine shadows.
His ������ision became clearer, and he saw
himself clad in a long, whito gown, made
pilgrim fashion, a staff in his hand. The
'Iverat his feet became tho sand of a
beach, and the sweet, monotonous wiiis-
P'.-r stealing through tbe desolate whiteness the incessant sobbing of the sea.
Yes, he was walking on tho very edge of
the fretting waters.
A'warm hand slipped into his, and
Virginia walked beside hiin. Her hair
was unbound. It softly lashed her
cheeks, and sometimes he felt its silken
caress. He drew her to him, seeking
her lips.
"Stay with me, dear," he whispered.
"Stay with me now."
Hi felt the warmth of her young, red
mouth on bis, but her eyes remained
wide and beseeching. Sho murmured
his name and led him on until tbey
stood before a building of austere and
awful structure, lt seemed to have riaon
from the waters. The waves broke in
grc nish tongues upon its steps, und
within ho saw a fallen lamp sputtering
before a ruined shrine. As thoy paused
in the shadow of its door thoy heard tho
sound of bare foot whispering upon
stone, and slowly up one staircase and
down another a silent multitude poured,
all garbed like Virginia and himself in
ilie simple vestments of tbe antique
world. Many of bis friends wore iu the
throng, many of  his old chlBi lliutosi his
enemies, too���Delatole and Dawson,   it
was a curious thing that those going up
smiled at him, but those returning
ponied down and passed him with reviling glances or cold faces turned away.
T-'""    ll  lift J
m\\\ll"    -.���"" '.'V . ��� , ��� :'���-", t""~"."'~'"
2ft Mt Mt folded arms rest upon tto tabU
In silence, with his love's hand clinging to his, they joined the ascending
line. TJ]>, up, until hia body was weary
and his veins throbbed with pain, and
still beyond were other shadowy stairs
under appalling arches. Faint and buttling for breath, they reached the top ill
last. A vast ball wrapped in luminous
gloom stretched away into immeasurable space. From its strango circular
windows they could see this green of the
sea, far, far below, the waves rolling in
with a languorous movement.
Tom felt a numbness seize him. He
sighed again and again, at length tearing away the white folds of cloth from
his breast in on effort to ease its burning.
"What placo is this?' faltered from
his dry lips.
Virginia did not answer. She seemed
stricken dumb with grief.
Before a door leading to an inneT
chamber an old man stood on guard.
His shoulders were curved as if he hud
toiled with the spade. His hairy, labor
twisti i hands were crossed upon a staff.
One sentence only lelt his lips inamo-
notonous sing song;
"Tho   . ill of the Sinful Copy."
Tom usiti ted b ' n bim, joy welling
in bis heart. Thesii iple, trusting, adoring old man was hia father, Oh, here
he v.    Id find love i   spoakablo.
"Fni er!" be whispered, with vcho-
mi 'ii ten li mess.
Qui ; io worn, gentle face took una
look of rod il hud never worn in life,
The gnarlnl fingeri flung his arms away.
"1 b;;i riiici d mysi If for yo i. Hunger,
despair wore my portion many a time
thai v ui mi hi be i ��� ipy, free aud somi
day grant. This 1 did for you, but yon
have poisoned eternity for me," were the
words that left his lips with the fury of
a malediction.
Tom could not linger to question or
appeal. The throng pressing behind him
bore Kim on to the center of the inner
hall, whore a presence, awful in its austerity nnd grandeur, hung like a shadow,
with eyes of fire abovo a parchment outs', read upon a marble ledge. Around
tliis ,1 he crowd circled, looked and moved
on one by one.
Ho bout over it eagerly. Here lay the
explain: I ion.the quest of this vast throng.
Ho looked, and his breath seemed to
cease, lief ore his eyes lay tho stolen play.
ft pages were charred as if it bad been
passed through flame. It was blotted
with tears and smeared with blood. His
name was written there for all to see.
and far off he still heard his father's
quavering, husky voice���tlie voice that
once sang lullabies to him���repeating to
the curious thousands:
"The Hall of the Sinful Copy."
The dews of terror for some unknown
but approaching disaster broke from
every pore, and ho sank to his knees.
drawing Virginia with him.
"Oh, kiss me once, love," she whispered, her White cheek hard upon his; "we
must par; so soon!"
"Don't leave me," he pleaded. "I love
you. To be near you is delight even ia
ibis fearful place. I'll give back the
play. In the light of truth I will stand
i. unasked. I'll do it gladly, let them
revile me as they will. Then I'll have
j-mco���and your love, dearer than all
the world.''
Ob, lier lovely, melting eyes, her kiss
heavy with farewell!
"It is too late," she sighed, and he felt
her lips upon his throat. "All that is
past." Aud for another moment she
clung to bim.
"No, no. Wo will be happy yet," he
cried iu anguish.
But the words were hushed upon his
lips. In some occult way the truth was
revealed to him. Ho knew that all tho
faces ho had looked npon were thoso of
ihe dead, lie too was dead, and Virginia. Life and earth were gone forever.
Repentance was vain, redemption impossible, parting, shame and despair
In the sudden blackness that swept
down liko the shadow cast by a monstrous wing Virginia's body slipped from
his lou;,:i!g arms, and he was alone.
The cry Hint broke from his humiliated si id sent tin; vision whirling, and
lie awoke, conscious of a burst ing heart
and a quivering body bathed in cold
dews. Ho made an effort to rise, and tiB
he did BO felt a hand upon bis shoulder,
beard u voice speaking his name.
"What else?" he cried, flinging back
bis bead, his evos flashing a maddened
defiance and clouded with blood. "What
else'i   oh, Cod!"
Mr. Plunket's commonplace faco was
close to him.
"Murray, you must be ill. You've been
dreaming���crying out ns if some one
were hurting you. Wake up. Don't
stare bo, man.   Wake up."
Staring, trembling, bis tongue thick,
Tom sprang up. Tin sense of utter loss,
the tragedy of Virginia's lual kiss, worn
still with bim. In- hull.ui around, startled, dumb, Yonder in the crimson circle
east by tlie lamp Blood Delatole smiling,
���fust beyond hi,a were the gaunt form
and lonely eyes of Felix Dawson. Both
were wailing.
"My dew Murray, I am here under
protest," said Plunket, wringing his fat
hands in a loose, soli, helpless way ns ha
stood with his head on one side, "This
man's story is iiliMirtl���now be quiet,
don't get angry, but���but���be says your
last play was one ho sent you and which
you ��� er ��� er ��� er ��� appropriated. He
hasn't a shadow of proof. How oonld
he? Why, it's preposterous! As if I
wouldn't know your style anywhere! I
poohpoohed him, but Mr. Delatole persuaded me to lot him face you with his
story. That is all, my dear Murray;
that is all."
Tom regarded him vacantly while he
spoke. Ho started blindly forward and
paused midway In the room, leaning
upon a chair.
He was not dreaming still? No; these
were men, not shades. This wus his familiar room���Virginia was not faraway.
All was not over. The living moment
was still his. Considerations so important bnt a littlo whilo ago wero lost
sight of; his tortured sensibilities overleaped them all in a maddening thirst to
redeem himself in his own eyes whilo he
could, to purge the soilurefrom his soul,
so that   never���oh, never���might   he
really know that sense of awful, final
condemnation revealed to him in a
"Speak up, Murray. Throw the lie
in his teeth," cried Plunket.
A pallor suddenly struck Tom's face
from brow to chin; a pale smilo came
aud went upon his lips.   Wretched and
wild though  his  face was, there was i
something of  inexplicable triumph in :
that smile���a light above a wreck.
Ho looked straight at Plunket:
"The lie?   No!   Tho lie was mine. Do
you hear?   Tho  horrid,   damnable  lie
was mine.   The play was his.   I stole it.
I called it Tn the Name of the Czar,' j
and when he came to me I wouldn't give ]
it up.   I wouldn't do it,   But now���oh, !
take it���and with it remove the curse
that has followed me!"
A groan of agony came with tho words.
His eyes looked past the amazed and
startled group to the open doorway.
Was Virginia's gray, drawn face as he
had seen it in his dream still before his
fancy? He looked again. Then he saw
she was really upon the threshold, her
eyes mirroring the pity and horror her
trembling lips could notspeak, Shehad
heard all.
The snow was falling through the black
night. Chelsea square was silent, and
the wind among tiie line of trees standing sentinel wise camo like a tremendous
sigh ascending to a moan. The year
would die and the new year be born iu a
whirling whiteness, winding sheet und
baptismal robe in one.
The lights in the lamps flared lone-
somely or bent to the rush of the wind.
Their uncertain flicker fell upon Tom :
and sent strung", leaping shadows across
his face. He walked as one without pur-
pose and kept close to the palings.
Following his confession had come !
Delatole's attacks in the press, each word
an adder bite. He had expected them,
but they drove him mad, and for a week
he had been hidden in the nether circles '
of the city. Such a week!���a conflagration in which he had tried to burn every
vestige of honorable manhood left him.
But ho had not succeeded. No, for ho
was here in this last hour of the year,
making his indeterminate way for a last
look at tho peaceful old square he had
once thought so stupid, a last look at
the walls that had frowned on his fro-
ward hopes, perhaps a last word with
Virginia. And then? The river���a sleep
in the snow���an end somehow.
At the tree where the knowledge of
his love and power first came to him he
paused. His arms were loosely folded
on his breast. His eyes were shadowy
and grieved as those of a beaten animal
thoroughly cowed.
Suddenly the shade at Virginia's window was raised, and Bhe Btood with her
body pressed against tlie glass, her hands
arched over her eyes as she peered into
the night. Oh, wus she watching for
him?   Oh, had she one thought for him?
With a yearning sob Tom made a
movement forward and then retreated.
He could see the whole room. A man
had entered. He remembered him as
Virginia's companion at the theater. He
carried a bunch of flowers as white as
the snow clinging to his broad shoulders,
and as Virginia went toward hiin he
took her hand and gave them to her.
What words was he speaking now?
Tom could see his strong, quivering face,
his moving lips, his submissive yet impassioned attitude.
He loved Virginia. Yes, and the enchanted whisper of his love seemed to
Btcal out to the watcher through the
drifting snow.
A moment they stood closely together,
then Virginia was in his arms, clinging
to him, and he had kissed her.
A sharp breath of longing broke from
Tom. To shut out the picture he turned
his face to the wet hark of the tree,
shuddering and sobbing like a woman.
Virginia another's, lie not the slightest influence in her life ever again���fallen into darkness, utterly forgotten.
Faintly the first chimos floated from >
the belfry, nnd he looked up.
Virginia had left her lover, who stood
just behind her. She was again at the
window, still under curved hands looking into the darkness, and now ho conld
plainly see the pity, the tender, searching look in tho wide, clear eyes.
golden promise, hetoro ui.ii iu d tuo
west aud tho falling nighl stretched a
new road, nnd toward this his faco was
set. But he looki tl back once over the
blue prairie, back to the oast, a farewell
in his eyes. It was a moment's halt���a
littlo space for dreaming and regret.
Tom's nerveless bands fell down. He
gave a quivering sigh, liko a man coming up to breathe aftor the water had
passed over him.
His artistic life was complete in its
terrible incompleteness. This was his
moment of transition. Was there a new
road for him? Its beginning might Uo
in shadow, but did it lead anywhere?
Could he go on? Where? How? He did
not know.
Bnt Virginia in the window still
watched for him, and now the chimes
were pealing like mad. Oh, their rise
ami fall, their wingod clamor, their ecstatic repetitions reasoning down his pitiful hesitation!
Ho turned his faco from where tho
river lay and walked eastward through
the falling snow. Ilia heart was bathed
in a Btrange, warm peace, Tlie chimes
followed him���a silver, celestial voice,
Campbell & Doherty
The Color ol ltlootrlolty.
At a meeting of the British Meteorological society at London, Shelford Bid-
well mado a remarkable experiment,
showing tho effects of electricity upon
steam. It. is a well known fact that the
shadow of a jet of Steam east, upon any
white background under ordinary circumstances Is of feeblo intensity and. of
a neutral tint. But, however, if the jot
bo given a discharge of electricity just
at tho moment when it comes in contact
witb the air, tin'density of tiio shadow
is amazingly increased as a result of condensation, and it assumes a peculiar
orange brown hue with linos and waves
merging into inky blackness.
Mr. Bidwell, tho only parson to my
knowledge who has ever made these experiments scientifically, suggests that
tho oleetricity promotes a coalescence of
the exi dingly minute particles of water contained in the jet of steam, thus
forming drops large enough to obstruct
tlie more refrangible rays of light, but
why the color of the shadow should
change from neutral to shades Of at least
three well defined colors lie does not attempt to explain, From one of his late
articles I gather ideas which point to the
Intense blackness of thunderclouds being due to similar causes.���St, Louis Republic.
Tho Cheapest & Largest Tailoring House
in tlie Province, employing at present
20 hands.
Wo make men's suits from $!i to 815 cheaper
than others, and yet make more money than "tbe old
time big profit," small business, slow coach Tailors.
Ifc turmil hU faoe train whore the river
Ho was not forgotten.    No, no, not
even in  this Iirst  moment of her new
happiness,   It was for bim her gaze tried
to pierce the deep gloom, for him���poor
wanderer���the light burned brightly in
her window, us if she knew, who knew
him BO well, he might stray buck that
He sleppod into tho deeper shadow,
but his spent heart felt one quivering
thrill of hope. A tumultuous, anguished
craving to live again swept through him.
If ho were worth her remembrance, if
she wanted him hack, might he not yet
make something of the ruins of his
youth���not tho marvelous structure he
had once dreamed of with turrets in the
clouds���yet something���something	
He covered his faoe with his crossed
arms, and tho bitterest moment of his
life was upon him.
A picture seemed to rise boforo him,
thrown outward in bold lines upon a
misty whiteness. Ho saw a disheartened
miner laying down his spado before a
worked out mine which had failed in its
Their Sly  Habits  in Their   Moments
Hunger  Described.
The following is a fair sample of how
cunningly crocodiles, in common with
all other wild animals, can conceal
thetnseives in moments of danger, says
a writer in the Westminster Gazette.
After a happy week spent in the jungle
witli a friend of mine, we halted tor
breakfast, beforo making the last stage
for headquarters aud home, at a plac)
called Poonarhvn���Anglice, garden i i
flowers���and while at breakfast were
amused by watching a number of crocodiles, about eight or ten, sunning themselves on the surfaco of a small lake, or
tank, as it is there called, of about nn
acre in extent. A sudden thought
struck me.
" 1 say, Murray, what fun it would be
to try and catch some of these beggai s
in a net." "Bravo'.''' said he. "Lei's
try it presently. A'ppu, send the horse-
keeper to the village and tell him to
bring up all the men he can find and
some long fishing nets. Wo will give a
good saiitosnm " (present).
The villagers scented some fun. and
with the further stimulus of a santosum
very soon turned up to the number of
thirty. It was now 11 o'clock and scorching hot, the air quivering over the bare,
saudy plain in which the pond was situ
ated. It was breast dee]), as we knew,
including about one foot or eighteen
inches of heavy mud. We tied two nets
together so as to make ono long enough
to reach across the tank, about thin..
yards, and this was heavily weight! d
along th- bottom and arranged to bo
drawn witli long ropes from each shore.
immediately behind thenetcatne a line,
and men about a yard apart, with long,
.;, ted poles with which to prod the
tun i along tho bottom of the net, and so
drive the malingering gentlemen into
proper position in front of tho net. :
'< -nd and liis servant ifor 'all entered
���i.- '.tic sport) followed close  up to tl
- I  line.    At lt wo all  now  wont
., ��hing, sho ���.tin ". stumping and I
...   bin ��� a big bnl  -not a sign did w
>i I of a single ono of the brutes thai n
��� 1 si eii before us when wo came to ;
- ..��� ii. th ��� water,   We nragge I t
��� -i,v ii-.' iward and forward more than
..   ��� ���. 1....   ,":' only reward  was II ilei   .
������ r.- ' i.. : I d us till late thai nig: .
I   "v lit!   bun owed di eper Into I   ��� i     I
ii.n wi  I lencli them, for nothin
I doiihl i even a rat could have escaped       ���  . out oi the water,
Tim Uimtii ��o  the noutloltat1.
The Canadian tourist for several years
has complained that the obtrusive western spirit is slowly transforming the
memorial spots of the i lid World.
Sotnsbody made a plaint nol long ago
that ho found nu advertisement of "The
Mastodon Minstrels" on the Castle of
i . lion ami struck a steam elevator in
the tower of a medtmval pile on tho
[thine still more pathetic Is the wail
ii tiio religious pilgrim wbosays thai
the tool of the locomotive Interferes
with meditation now on tho Beaof
Galilee and tho messenger boy jostles
you at the temple gate Sherbet nnd
sons pomegranate wine have givon wuy
in Damascus to absinthe and gin li:',,;,
nnd ncoplo who have wandered in the
imi-teeps of "Eothen" on the Trout
complain of the western explorer's
uiouhd I of dirt.
If there is any plaoe where the
musing tourist loved to linger and
breathe ths sunshine mixed with Tuscan melodies, lt is Venice; and if thore
was anything in Venice that, charmed
tho fancy and delighted tin ear, it was
the gondolier, sacred in romance and
Well, the gondolier has met his
doom. Ho must disappear like tlie
sacred and picturesque brigand who has
reigned so long in opera with a red sash
and a velveteen jackot. A Yankee
firm has made a contract with the city
of lagoons to put naphtha launches with
all modern conveniences on tha Grand
Canal. So perishes the romance of the
Soitlg if������-���Our List.
All "Wool   Business  Knits SIS.    Old price $35.
Irish Serge, heavy weight 820,     "     "    S.io to 3,r>
Fine Worsted Suits, $35 to 835.     "     "    885 to 45
All Wool  l'ants, -        84.50.   "      "     80.50
The fact Is we would   like  to  have  a look at tbo
man who sells cheaper than we do.
Waterproof Ulsters & Overcoats
to order from $14 np.
Cloth sold by the yard.    Sails cut and trimmed ii
you want to make them at home.
| Aii   Immense   stock of Ready Made
Clotliiiif: for Men and Hoys.
>; 'l '.eon
���SM**"""    ""    Samples am,
:l rules for self measurement sent on
You will find us In the Curtis Block���the Store with the Granite Pillars.
of Wall Paper.
To make room for New Stock, we will give
A Discount of 10 per cent
on all Cash Sales, for 30 days only.
G. F. WELCH  &  SON,
Corner Agnes and 6th Streets, Westminster.
(Successors to BOUCHERAT & Co.)
Spcial Attention liven to the Mainland Trade.
The Toronto
Shoe Store.
We have much pleasure in tendering our second holiday-
greeting; and wishing you all the compliments of the season.
Our stock is large, of the best goods, and prices are all in
favor of tlie buyer. We believe in keeping the money moving, small profits and quick returns, and as times are hard and
money scarce, we will help you out by cutting the profit to the
bone. The trade may squeal, as they have, but it is our customers we wish to please, and we are bound to do'that with
Good Goods and Low Prices.     Call and see us.
Oldest Business Premises in the City.
Clothing, Men's Furnishings,
Hats and Caps, Trunks and Valises
Try a Pair  of $2.50  or $8.00 Pants.
A   Fine Assortment   oJ
Gentlemen's  Japanese  Smoking Jackets
Corner Columbia and Mary streets, New Westminster, t
IM Daadllneas Due to the 1'otaon Contain
ing Living Oermi.
The heads of most of the venomous
anakes, including the "rattlers," bulge
juBt beyond the neck. Without exception they have fangs, either always erect
or raised and laid back at will. These
fangs nre long, sharp-pointed teeth,
with a hollow groove running their entire length. At the root of each fang
is a little bag of poison. When the
snake bites the motion presses the poison
sac, and its contents flow down through
the hollow in the tooth into the puncture or wound. The harmless little
forked tongue is often spoken of by the
uninformed as the snake's "stinger,"
Now, there is no propriety in the name,
as the poiBonous snakes do not sting,
but bite their victims. There is no
creature, even if brought from foreign
countries where "rattlers" do not exist,
but will halt and tremble at the first
warning sound of the rattle.
Dr. S. Weir Mitchell, with others, has
been making experiments with the
venom of different serpents. He has
found that, aside from its poisoning
qualities, it contains living irerms, which
have the power of increasing enormously
fast. So, you see, when an animal is
bitten these tiny bits of life entering
with the poison cause harmful action
to begin almost at once. Dr. Mitchell
has found that the nervous centre controlling the act of striking seems to be
in the spinal cord, for if he cut off a
snake's head and then pinched its tail,
the stump of its neck turned back and
would have struck his hand had ho been
bold enough to hold it still.���Ht.
Turklhh  Great Gum.
In 1478 Mohammed II., in formingtho
siege of Scutari, in Albania, employed
fourteen heavy bombards, the lightest
of which throw a stone shot of three
hundred and seVentv pounds' weight,
two sent shots of fivo hundred pounds,
two of seven hundred and fifty pounds,
two of eight hundred and fifty pounds.
one of twelve hundred pounds, fivo of
fifteen, and one of the enormous weight
of sixteen hundred and forty pounds,
enormous even in these days, for the
only guns whose shot exceeds the heaviest of these are our eighty-ton guns,
throwing a seventeen-huiidred pound
projectile, our one-hundred-ton throwing one of two thousand pounds, and
the one-hundred-and-ten-ton throwing
an eighteen-hundred-pound shot with a
high velocity. The stone shot of
Mohammed's guns varied between
twenty and thirty-two inches in diameter, about the same height as a dining-
table; twenty-five hundred and thirty-
four of them were fired on this occasion,
weighing, according to a calculation of
Gen. Lefroy's, about one thousand tons,
and were cut out of the solid rock on the
spot. Assuming twenty-four inchoB as
the average diameter of the shot fired at
this siege, the total area of tho surface
dressed was nearly thirty-two thousand
square feet. At this Biege the weight of
the powder fired is estimated by Qen.
Lefroy to have been two hundred and
fifty tons. At the siege of Rhodes, in
1480, Mohammed caused sixteen basilisks, or double cannon, to be cast on
the spot, throwing balls two to three
feet in diameter.���Chamber's Journal.
Ancient Words.
' Among the words many people think
antiquated, that are in fact new and
most of them American, is curlicue,
which h vi been traced back no further
than 1858 in an American publication;
while cyclone is older than has been
generally supposed, an example of its
present use being found in 1848, Kane,
the explorer, wrote it quite as correctly
"cyclome," and according to accepted
authority the y in it should be short,
notwithstanding that it is generally pronounced long. "Crank" is another
Americanism, with a long history. In
the year 1,000 it was a handle or treadle
to turn a revolving axis. In early German and Dutch it meant by derivation
a persom easily twisted or revolved, a
weak creature. Milton spoke of quips
and cranks, fanciful turns of speech.
By the middle of this century it had
come to mean a twist of the mind.
From the twist itself it became in
American slang the person whose mind
had become twisted. The sense of monomaniac, in which it is admitted Bince
the trial of Guiteau into dictionaries, is
probably a growth from the machine
used in prison by which convicts were
compelled to turn a revolving disk under
regular pressure a number of times
every day, gradually breaking their
mental force down by its exhaustive
persistence in a single direction.
The 8wl.ll (ioml-Mglit.
Among the lofty mountains and elevated valleys of Switzerland, the Alpine
horn has another use beside that of
sounding the far famed Hanz des Vaohes
or Cow Song, and this is of a very solemn and impressive nature.
When the sun has set in tho valleys,
and the snowy summits or the mountains gleam with the golden light,   the
herdsman, who dwells upon the highest
inhabited spot, takes his horn, and pronounces clearly aud loudly through it iib
lhioiigii a speaking trumpet, "Praise
the Lord God!" As soon us the sound
is heard by tho neighboring herdsmen,
they issue from their huts, take their
Alpine horns and repent the same words.
This frequently lasts a quarter of an
hour, and the coll resounds from all the
mountains ami rocky cliffs around.
All th" herdsmen kneel und pray with
uncovered heads.
In the meantime it has   become quite
dnrit.    "I lood uignt!"  at  last  calls the
highest   herdsman   through   his   horn.
"Good-night!" again resounds from all
the mountains, the boms of the herdsmen and  rocky  cliffs,    Tho mountaineers then retire to their dwellings and to
reBt.   ______________
The Educated Uoosler Goekroaoh.
While a gentleman was at his oflice
desk a day or two ago one of these disreputable insects run across Ihe paper
on which he wns writing. He fiippod it
against the wall with his finger ami it
bounded back on the desk, ligiilingnpon
its back, lt remained motionless lor
some time, until it recovered from the
shock, and then endeavored to get upon
its leet again, but in v.iin. Smaller
roaches passed by their prr..; fata broth
er. without noticing it, but n larger one
cume along pretty soon, stopped, went
over to the one that lay upon its hack,
Straddled across it, and, giving it u
quick jerk with its forelegs, lauded it
deftly upon its feet, and the two disappeared logelher over tho edge of the
desk.���Indianapolis News.
A SolentlJIt) lljiclv   Xuniher.
.Railroad men Bay the iron axle is a
back number. No hot boxes occur
where those of steel are used.
He Think��� the Hunkering After Golil
and SilverjLurgeiy Duo to Tradition and
Cuilnm -Ilie Ilest Dollar Conld De
Hade of Gompresied Wheat.
Thomas A. Edison, the great inventor, has apparently turned a portion of
his attention to the financial problem.
In a recent interview he said:
"The hankering after gold and silver
is largely traditional. People allow
themselves to be governed by the old
ideas on the subject of coinage formulated at a time when national credits
did not exist and currency would only
be token at an intrinsic value. What
we need is a now standard of value. I
think that the best dollar could be
made out of compresBed wheat. You
take a bushel of wheat and squeeze the
water out of it and then compress it
into a hard cake the size of a silver
dollar and stamp the government mark
upon it. That would represent actual
value and labor performed and then you
could eat your dollar, for when you
wanted to uso the wheat all that would
be necessary would be to put your
money to soak. We should then havo
the bushel of wheat as a permanent
unit of value whicli all farmers would
appreciate, and the currency of the
country would represent actual worth
nnd labor performed. Both gold and
silver could then bo dispensed with
and  tho  present  bimetallic    problem
sol ved.."	
Aluminium is silvery white, two and
a half times heavier than water, and
only one third as heavy as steel. It
does not tarnish like silver when exposed
to tho air, and although it is not ao hard
as iron some of its alloys with copper
and other metals are intensely hard and
strong. It can be spun around wiro so
fine that weavers turn it into cloth, and
it can be hammered so thin that ajbreath
will blow it away. It is already being
used for kitchen pots and pans, because
it is so light and strong, and in Germany
it is made into equipments for soldiers
for tho same reason. It is expected
some day to replace iron wares for
carrying electric currents, since it is
much lighter than iron and will not
rust. BoatB are being mado of it, though
salt water corrodes it, and the first practical flying-machine is likely to be built
in large part of aluminium.
By the aid of electricity it is now possible to extract aluminium from clay
cheaply, and the usob of the metal are
being increased every year. Up to the
present there has been one Btrong drawback to its use. Mechanics have been
unable to make a solder that would
unite two pieces of it firmly. If such a
solder has been invented, as claimed,
then the uses of this most abundant
metal have been increased a hundredfold.���Harper's Young People.
Some Definitions.
Cuff was once a mitten or glove.
Coupon���something to cut off���was devised by Thomas Cook, author of Cook's
tours, in 1HH4. but it ia not among his
testaments that it shall bo called "kew-
pon." Cnltnrist .is Americanese, from
cultivator of fish or other natural products to a cultivator of culture. Chinook "cultns" means of little worth.
There is a cultns cod which will probably give us a significant term in due
time. There was an honest simplicity
in the elder meaning of custard. It was
egg pie. Among the fanciful modernizations stands pre-eminent cynosure���
literally the dog'B tail���which, by the
way, Prof. Moultoe ought to pronounce
"siiiesure" to bo oonslsteat with
"y.-iythe," and which, from its original
meaning of the polo star, the train of
Ursa Major, and spelt "cinosura." waB
carried by Benjamin Disraeli to its full
present sense, a centre of attraction or
There is absolutely nothing that will
help you bear the ill's of life so well as a
good laugh.   Laugh all you can.    If tho
clothes-line breaks, if the cat tips over
the milk and the dog elopes with the
roast, if the children fall into the mud
simultaneously with the advent of clean
| aprons, if the new girl quits iu the mid
I die of hoti.-iecleaniiig,  and  though you
search tho earth with candles you find
j nono other to tako her placo:   if  the
i neighbor in whom yon have I rusted goes
1 back on you and keeps chickens, if the
! chariot wheels of the uninvited guest
draw near when you are out of provender
j and the gaping of an empty purse is liko
' the unfilled mouth of a young robin,
| take courage if you have enough sun-
\ shine in your heart to keep a laugh on
your lips.
Europe .slowly Growing Colder.
That the continent of Europe is pas-
! sing through a cold period has  been
i pointed   out   by  M.   Flaminarion,   the
! French   astronomer.    During the past
1 six years the mean temperature of Paris
has been about two degrees below tho
! normal,  and Great   Britain,   Belgium,
Spain, Italy, Austria and Germany have
also  been  growing cold     Tne  change
seems to have been in progress in Franco
for a long tune, tho growth of the vine
having been forced far southward since
the thirteenth  century; ami  a  similar
cooling bus been observed as far away
as  Hio  de  Janeiro, when)   the annual
temperature   hns   buuu    going   down
for     some     years     past.���Scientific
When Children Grow.
The British Medical Monthly offers
some interesting statements, which our
readers may test for themselves if they
will, as to the times of growth of tho
human body,
The year of greatest growth in tho
boys is the seventeenth; in girls the
fourteenth. While girls reach full
height in their fifteenth year, ihey acquire full Weight lit the  age  of twenty.
Boys are stronger than girls from
birth to the eleventh year; then girls
beconio physically superior until the
seventeenth year, when the tables aro
turned, and remain so.
From November to April children
grow very little and gnin no weight;
from April to July they gain in height,
but, lose in weight, and from July to
November they increase gruatly in
weight, bnt not in height,
A   II u.sltHiHl'.s Uohuko.
"How do I look?" said Dr. Kallowmell
to his young wife as he exhibited his new
j     "Dressed to  kill I** sae exclaimed en-
; thusii���t'cally.
"My dear," replied her husband gently, "you shouldn't talk shop."���Judge.
DAIN I ItS    f-u.t   JUnN   CHINAMAN-
Ab Sin   Ilevels   In   Diahes   Which   IjmiU
Curious to Occidental Eyes.
Every day in New York you can see a
score of pigtailed gentlemen in the
neighborhood of Mott streot oach carrying a huge brown bag. If you could
open these mysterious packages you
would   find   desiccated    shrimps    and
firawns. picked Amoy cabbage, delicate
ittle tubers known as "ma-tai" bitter
cucumbers, dried devil fish. Awabi
clams from Japan, smoked oysters, preserved sharks' fins, pots of sweetmeats,
funny looking sausages and lots of dainties for which there is no name in
English. A poor laundryman will
spend a quarter or a third of his
income upon these luxuries, and will
devote a half day of his precious time
to cooking them in approved Mongolian
style. The table is a queer work of ort.
The china and porcelain are superb, so
beautiful that in thia land of collectors
they would be placed in cabinets.. There
are no knives and forks. The Celestial
mind regards cutting and carving a
labor unworthy of a guest, and relegates it to a cook. In lieu of forks nre
chopsticks���long, slender bnrs of ivory
tipped with silver or gold. Tho spoons
are films of porcelain; the white glasses, cups like those in children's doll
houses. Yonr plate is a saucer and your
napkin a silk towel held by a servant.
Tho table is handsome nevertheless. It
is nearly covered with dainty plates
containing hors d'eeuvres piled up in
slender pyramids, One pile consists of
peeled bananas, cut into little drums;
another of pineapple, carved into tiny
bars, like miniatures of laundry
Boap; a third of crystallized dwarf
oranges, moistened in honey; a fourth
of fine onion sprouts and a fifth preserved eggs, dark green and suggesting cucumbers, other plates contain sliced
sausage, pickled cocks' combs, hard
boiled pigeons' eggs, sweet: pickled
shredded ginger, sliced water chestnuts, dried fish segments, desiccated
prawns, smoked lish roe, and a score of
other und equally incongruous dainties.
You help yourself to any of these,
both before and during the banquet, In
tho meantime the waiter or tho "singsong girl" has filled your teacup with
fragrant Oolong and your winecup with
boiling wine. From this point neither
cup is permitted to remain empty
nor grow old. If it stands longer
than the time allotted by Mongolian etiquette it is removed and
replaced by a hot one. After
a few minutes of nibbling and sipping
the courses begin to arrive and continue
to arrive as long as there is a sonl at the
board. Soups and stews, omelettes and
entrees, roasts and boiled, ragouts and
fricassees, croquettes and vol au vents,
sweet dishes and Bour follow one another
without apparent rhyme or reason. At
the end of every half hour you take a
recess of from five to fifteen minutes.
Everybody lights a cigarette or puffs a
water pipo. A fow retire to one of the
bankB and smoke a pipe of opium. The
' 'sing-song" girlB perform a brief concert,
vocal and instrumental, and again
the meal proceeds. It is a poor dinner that has less than twenty courses.
Some have forty and fifty, and
a few pass the hundred mark.
You eat what you please and as much
as you please. Scarcely any dish is simple;
some contain twenty ingredients. The
averago banquet uses pork, fresh, salt
and smoked; pigs' brain, liver and kid-
ney, chicken, duck, pigeon, quail and
goose; fish, fresh, dried, salt and
smoked; eggs of at least four kinds, rice,
pastry, beans, peas, cabbage, millet,
lentils, onions, garlic, leeK, cucumber,
squash, melon, gourd, potatoes, white
and sweet; yam, ma-tai, beau, sprouts,
spinach, turnip, parsnip, carrot, devil
fish, dragoon fish, fish roe, clams,
oysters, crabs, sea weed, mushroom
and tree mushrooms, bird's nests,
shark's fins, chilliss, orange peel, ginger,
cocoanut, macaroni, and heaven knows
what not.
Interesting Experiments.
The Armstrong Gun Company has
shown some very interesting experiments with the latest ordnance. A 0
inch gun was fired four times in twenty
seconds, an 8-inch gun three times in
thirty seconds. A torpedo was driven
satisfactorily with cordite ns powder.
There was a search light which would
keep its beam upon au object no matter
how violently the vessel rolled. A ID-
inch thirty ton gun, when it was fired,
opened the breech screw by the recoil
and wound up a spring, which, when
released, would close the brench again.
A 4 7-10 field howitzer anchored itself
after the first discharge by driving a
spade-shaped plate into the ground,
after which its recoil was met by a
jacket which surrounds it. A (! inch
gun, with light portable disappearing
mountings, for a siege train, could be
taken apart so that no portion weighed
more than thre" tons, ton hours being
required to mount it. A 6-inch naval
gun fired five rounds in sixty nhi" seconds, oach time at a different range nnd
target. A plate uf special steel d( signed
for a shield received rifle and t iatling
gun firo at 100 yards range without u
single penetration, while the plate
hitherto used was penetrated ot every
shot, the Watling gun almost cutting it
in two.
Freeing a Well of Koul Alr~
" I biiw," says a writer in a Western
papor, "a curious method used, the
other day, in Illinois to take the foul
air ont of a well.    ''   e well wns to be
cleaned, but the man that took the job
was afraid to go down until he had
ascertained the quality of the nir at tho
bottom.   He let down a lighted caudle,
ami when it had deceuded to about six
feet of the bottom it went out as sudden ���
ly as though extinguished hy a whiff of
air. That wns all be wanted to know,
lie wns then sure that the well had
poisonous gas iu it, and took a small
umbrella, tied a string to the handle and
lowered it open Into the well. Having
let it go nearly to tho bottom, he drew
it np, curried it a few feet from the well
and upset it. Ho repeated this operation
twenty or thirty times, with nil the bystanders laughing at hiin; then again
lowered the light, which burned clear
and bright oven al the bottom, lie then
condescended to explain that the gas in
the well was carbonic acid gas, which is
heavier than the air. nnd therefore could
be carried in nn umbrella just as though
it were so much water. It, was a simple
trick, yet perfectly effective."
Sara's Opinion.
Madame Bernhardt has expressed her
opinion regarding several of her fellow-
players. Mary Anderson sho considers
very beautiful and graceful, and a���a
good actress, but uot great. Mrs. Lang-
try is beautiful, beautiful! "But Ellen
Terry is the artist 1 love. Oh, she is a
great, a grand artist���so graceful, so bewitching; and Mr. Irving is an artist,
too���moro artist, however, than actor."
Hundreds of Thousands of Human Beings
Find All These Dlessings from Its Exlst-
���noa.-.Sonio of Its Chlof Characteristics
In Detail   Worth of Its Fruit. 1
The cocoanut grows only near the
shore, where its roots penetrating the
sandy soil may drink freely from clear
underground springs. Of all trees it is
regarded by Garden and Forest as the
most useful to man, furnishing food,
shelter and employment to hundreds of
thousands of the human race. In tropical countries, especially in southern
India and in Malaya, the cocoaniit supplies two wholo communities with the
chief necessities of lifo. Every part is
useful: the roots are considered a
remedy against fevers; from the trunk
houses, boats and furniture are made;
the leaves furnish the thatch for houses
and the material from which baskets,
hats, mats and innumerable othor
articles are made; the network of fibres
ot their base is UBfd for sieves and is
woven into cloth; from the young
flower stocks a palm wiue, called toddy,
is obtained, from which arrak. a fiery
alcoholic drink, is distilled. The value
of the fruit is well known. From tho
. husk, which is called coir, commercially.
i cordage, bedding, mats, brushes and
i other articles are manufactured. In the
! tropics, lamps, drinking vessels and
Simons are made from the hard shells.
The albumen of the seed contains large
quantities of oil, used in the east for
cooking and in illuminating; in Europe
| and the Suited States it is often made
into soap and caudles, yielding, aftor
the oil is extracted, a refuse valuable as
food for cattle, or as a fertilizer. In
some parts of the tropics the kernel of
the seed forms the chief food of tliu inhabitants. The cool, milky lltiid which
fills the cavity of the fruit when the nut
is young, affords an agreeable beverage,
and the albumen or the young nut,
which is soft nnd jelly-like, is nutritious
and of a delicate flavor.
As might be expected in the case of a
plant of such value, it is often carefully
and extensively cultivated in many
countries, and numerous varieties, differing in the size, shape and quality of
the fruit, are now known. The cocoa-
nut is propagated by seeds; the nuts are
sown in nursery beds, and at tho end of
jix or eight months the seedlings
are large enough to plant. The plants
are usually set twenty-live feot
apart each way in carefully prepared
beds filled with rich surface soil. Once
established, a plantation of cocoannts
requires little care beyond watering,
which ia necessary in its early years to
insure a rapid and vigorous growth. In
good soil the trees usually begin to
flower at the end of five or six years, and
may be expected to be in full bearing
from eight to twelve yoars. Thirty nuts
from a tree is considered a fi>ir average
yield, although individual trees have
been known to produce an average of
300 nuts during a period of 10 years,
An application of manure increases the
yield of the trees, al.bough probably the
value of tlai additional crop obtained in
this way is hardly large enough to justify such expenditure. In recent years
the cocoanut has been cultivated on a
very large seal;) in British Honduras,
Jamaica and other parts of Central America, as well as on the northern const
of South America and the West. Indies.
Cocoanuts bring all tho way from $10 to
$38 per 1,000, according to quality.
The  Names of Tilings.
Once in a while, not very rarely either, we are led to wonder why names, not
only absolute rediculotis.  but  in  themselves disgusting, are iiicHe.i to articles
of food.   The  other d y  sou.e  ladies
were looking over a magazine nu i discussing the making of what,  svas set
down in the publication as a "Toad in a
hole," this nondescript term  being applied to some fruit or other ingredient
wrapped up iu a bit of paste ami cooked.
In tne same sense wj read of "little pigs
iu   blankets,"   and    various    "deviled"
articles.     There certainly   can he no-
j thing appetizing in the   idea that ono
j is eating an article modeled after his 6t_-
! tanic majesty or in the simitude of the
j Inhabitants of  a pig-sty.    Neitlier of
[ these mimes has pleasant suggestions,
i yot  some of  them  are  generally  in-
I dulged in.
In the same  general  line   we have
! beasts of various sorts more or less repulsive n�� trademarks for good products.
! Well-regulated families would  do well
to refuse to take some of these edibles.
We are not so poverty stricken in the
i way  of   names,   terms  and language
' generally that we should 'be obliged to
fall back on objects that excite unpleasant emotions.    It is high time that a
; halt wero called and reform demanded
j in this respect.
The Lost Brides.
While two wedding procession were
fighting for tho road at one of the gates
| at Hankow the chairs holding tho brides
' got mixed and each lady was taken to
the wrong bridegroom. The gentlemen
never having seen their wives before,
according to the Chinese custom, knew
no mistake, When the next morning
the mot hers of the two brides went to
present the usual hair oil to their daughters each found a stranger installed in
her place, Neither mother, moreover,
had any meant of finding out where her
daugnler had gone. After a very difficult search of thu city the brides wero
both found and then the idea of malting
the best ol tilings was blocked by tha
fact that one of the brides, who was
rich and Intended for a rich husband,
had fallen into the hands of a very poor
man.   The problem remains unsolved.
ObeylUg the Wife.
A Scotch clergyman, just as he had
told the bridegroom to love and honor
his wife, was BUl'ul'ised to hear the man
interject the words "and obey." A few
years afterwards the clergyman met the
man. "D'ye mind, sir. yon day when
ye married me, and when 1 wad insist
uiion vowing to obey my wife? Well,
: ye may now see that I wns in the right.
Whether ye wad or no. I have obeyed
her and, behold. 1 am the only man that
has a two story house in thehuletoun."
Now Examine these Prices:
Steel hatchets,    -   -    35c. up
D. B. Axes    -
$1 35 up
Claw hammers    -    -    35c.  "
S. B. Axes    -
70 "
Compas saws       -    -    20c.  "
Handled Axes
90 "
Hand saws          -   -    35c.   "
Xcut saws per foot -
38 '���
Draw knives       -    -    50c.  "
Brush hooks   -
1 00 "
Bench axes          -    -    1S5C.  "
75 "
A1 Pencils per dozen   45c.  "
Grub hoes
60 "
Augers, per inch      -    50c.
65  .��
Set 12 Auger bits &{*$���% $2 00
Hay Cutters
1 00 "
Set 12 Chisels     -      -      3 85
Curry comb & brush
25    ..
Brushes���Wall, 15c; Oval, 10c; Varnish, ioc.
Hoes, 35c. Rakes, 35c. Spades, 6sc Shovels, 60c.
Forks���Hay,  45c;    Manure,   75c;    Spading,   95c.
These  are all first-class   Goods, and we are bound to close
them out.    Come and see them.
Timber,   Lumber,   Shingles,   Lath,   Pickets,  Doors,
Windows,  Frames,  Mouldings,  House Finish,
Mantels,   School    Seats and Desks,
Fruit and Salmon Boxes,
&c,    &c,     &c.
Importers   of Plate,   Sheet,   and Fancy Glass
Lumber   accurately   Sawn,
and   *
Orders   Promptly   Filled.
"Kl Katat,"
The welcome fact that Oriental women are waking up from the lethargy of
compelling custom, ia strongly evidenced
in the appearance of a paper published
hy a Syrian lady in Alexandria. It is
culled El Fatat (The Young Woman),
and is edited by Miaa Hind Noufal, from
Tripoli, in Syria. It appears bi-monthly, mid all iu article* art written by
Orders   by   Mail   Receive
Prompt Attention.


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