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The Pacific Canadian Mar 2, 1917

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Array r-r.vioil   Library, Vio-���*-����� B,';_
Weekly News Digest and Journal of   Observation and Comment.
Vol. L
NEW WESTMINSTER, B. C, FRIDAY, March 2,   1917.
Number 52
Premier Lloyd-George's remarkable speech, last Friday, in the British House of Commons, in which he
warned the country that very drastic measures would
have to be taken immediately to restrict the importation of unnecessary articles and increase home production, so as to economize tonnage and obviate a threatened food shortage, would strike the average reader at
the first blush as an almost sensational admission that
the situation in the British Isles had, on account of
Germany's submarine campaign and other causes,
reached a very critical and alarming stage. A more
careful perusal of the Prime Minister's utterances,
however, would carry the reassuring conviction that,
with characteristic foresight, shrewdness, and thoroughness, he perceived clearly in advance what was
necessary to prevent disaster and command success,
and was determined not to be caught napping nor to
allow the country to drift along under any false sense
of economic security until it should be too late to avert
the calamity which the prompt and drastic measures
he outlined would forestall.
Before a crowded House and with representatives
of the overseas Dominions, including Premier Borden
of Canada, and Premier Massey of New Zealand, in the
galleries, Lloyd-George began by stating that the ultimate success of the Allies' cause depended on the solution of the tonnage difficulties with which the nation
was confronted. Before the war. British tonnage had
'been just adequate, and since that time there had been
an enormous increase in the demand for tonnage.
More than one million tons of British shipping had been
allocated to France alone and a very considerable
amount had been set aside for Russia and Italy. In
addition a considerable amount had been sunk. For
some time there had been a shortage of tonnage
required for the general needs of the nation and even
a slight shortage in the tonnage for military purposes.
The nation should realize absolutely what the conditions were. The stocks of food in Great Britain at the
present time, continued the Premier, were lower than
they had ever been before. This, he explained, was
not due to submarines, but to the bad harvest. It was
essential for the life of the nation that every possible
effort be made to increase home production. "If we
take drastic measures," he said, "we can cope with
the submarine menace, but, if the nation is not prepared to accept drastic measures for dealing with the
menace, disaster is before us."
The "drastic measures" declared to be necessary,
the Prime Minister outlined as follows: "The Government is hopeful of finding means of dealing with the
submarine menace, but we should be guilty of folly if
we rested tranquilly upon the expectation pf realization
of that hope.   We have to deal ruthlessly and promptly with the tonnage problem  by measures which will
impose great sacrifices upon   the cpuntry.   There are
three sets qf measures.   First, by the  navy, as  described by Sir Edward Carspn, First Lord of the Admiralty; second, the building of merchant ships; third,
dispensing with unnecessary commodities from abroad,
and production of as much food as possible at home,"
As an encouragement to home production, the Premier
announced that the Government would guarantee a
a price of 88 shillings, 6 pence for oats this year, 32
shillings for the next two years and 24 shillings for the
three following years.    The price of  potatoes would
be guaranteed, for the coming season  only, at  ��6  a
ton.   For wheat the  Government  would  guarantee
minimum prices per quarter as follows:   For the present year, 60 shillings; for 1918 and 1919, 55 shillings;
for 1920, 1921 and 1922, 45 shillings.   It was also prp-
ppsed to fix a minimum wage pf  25  shillings weekly
for agricultural workers   an increase of frqm 50 to 60
percent,   Brewing would be cut down to 10,000,000
barrels annually, and a similar  reduction   would   be
made in the output of spirits.   The importation  of
aerated, mineral and table waters would be prohibited,
Books, periodicals and other printed matter would be
excluded entirely,   All essential articles of food would
be on the free liBt, but certain articles would be reduced or prohibited.   The stoppage of importation of
coffee, tea, and cocoa for the time being was due to
the fact that'large supplies were on hand.
Among the articles of importation from this country especially which the Prime Minister said would
have to be greatly restricted, to economize tonnage
for absolutely necessary purposes, were canned salmon
and timber. Canned salmon importations it was proposed to reduce 50 per cent. With regard to timber,
investigation was being made as to the best methods
pf economizing timber behind the lines and in England. One method was to make the army in France
but for the world at large, including the United States.
President Wilson, exercising preternatural circumspection and patience, since ,his action of Feb. 3rd in
severing diplomatic relations with the German Empire, felt constrained this week, in view of the
expiration of the present Congress on March 4, to
come before that body, convened in joint session of
Senate and House, on Mondav afternoon, and ask
authority to take all necessary steps for the protection
of American shipping on the high seas and a sufficient
credit to provide adequate means for such protection,
which included, in the President's words, the supplying "of our merchant ships with defensive arms, if
that becomes necessary, and with the means of using
them, and to employ all other instrumentalities or
methods that may be necessary and adequate to protect our ships and our people in their legitimate and
peaceful pursuits on the high seas."
While declaring that the "overt act" which would
compel the United States to resort to extreme measures had not yet been committed by Germany, President Wilson sees "indications of expression of purpose
on the part of the German press and the German
authorities which have increased rather than lessened
the impression that, if our ships and our people are
spared, it will be because of fortunate circumstances
or because the commanders of the German submarines which they may happen to encounter may exercise
an unexpected discretion and restraint rather than
because of the instructions under which those commanders are acting." Therefore, the President concludes, "Since it has unhappily proved impossible to
safeguard our neutral rights by diplomatic means
against the unwarranted infringements they are suffering at the hands of Germany, there may be no
recourse but to armed neutrality, which we shall
know how to maintain and for which there is abundant precedent. It is devoutly to be hoped," he adds,
"that it will not be necessary to put armed powers
anywhere into action. The American people do not
desire it, and our desire is not different to theirs. I
am sure that they will understand the spirit in wliich
I am now acting, the purpose I hold nearest my heart
and would wish to exhibit in everything I do * * *
that I am the friend of peace and mean to preserve it
for America as long as I am able."
"I am not now proposing or contemplating war,"
continues the President, "or any steps that need lead
to it. I merely request that you will accord me by
your own vote and definite bestowal the means and
the authority to safeguard in practice the rights of a
great people who are at peace and who are desirous of
exercising none but the rights of peace to follow the
pursuits of peace in quietness and goodwill -rights
recognized time out of mind by all the civilized nations
of the world. No course of my choosing or of tneirs
will lead to war. War can come only by the wilful
acts and aggressions of others." While asking the
authority that he does from Congress, the President
reminds Congress that the constitution gives him what
he asks, but he wishes to have the support of the
people's representatives in every step he takes.
Even if not prepared to go the length of fighting,
or involving his country in war, for great humanitarian principles, if that can possibly be avoided, President Wilson shows at least that he cherishes and
appreciates such principles and recognizes that Germany by her violations has made them a live issue in
this war. "It is not of material interests merely that
we are thinking," says the.President in the peroration
part of his messge to Congress. "It is rather of fundamental human rights, chief of all the right of life
itself. I am thinking not only of the rights of Americans to go and come about their proper business by
way of the sea, but also of something much deeper,
much more fundamental, than that. I am thinking of
those rights of humanity without which there is no
civilization." And the Allies are laying down their
lives for those rights, not only for their own lands,
self-supporting in this regard. The French Government already had placed two forests at the disposal of
Great Britain, and he was afraid the Government
must ask the French to make further sacrifices. Another method was to gejt sufficient labor to increase
the supply of home timber for pit props and other
purposes, Touching on the shipyards, Mr. Llovd-
George said it was necessary to get as much work
as possible out. of them, not merely for Ihe mercantile marine, but for building boats to cope with
The Premier declared that "Farmers can increase
even now by hundreds of thousands of tons for this
year the food supply of the country," and he reached
the reassuring conclusion that, if the whole-programme were carried out and if all those who could
help in production .did help, "I honestly can say we
can face the worst the enemy can do, and tint is what
we ought to be prepared to do.''
In his report as chairman of the Mining Committee,
at the annual meeting of the Board of Trade, last
week, Mr. L. B. Lusby forecasted good prospects of
developing a rich mining area practically at the door
of this city. A number of rich mining claims in the
Pitt Lake district, carrying copper and gold, had been
bonded recently, he was informed, by American capital, for a sum in the neighborhood of half a million
dollars, and would probably be developed this year.
The British military authorities are developing a
scheme under which women will be substituted for men
in a number of non-combatant posts, both in Great
Britain and France, such as cooking, canteen work,
store-keeping and clerical work, thereby releasing
thousands of men. Already, it is stated, 30,000 women are employed in army work as cooks, waitresses,
motor drivers, and similar occupations, but the new
scheme will open vacancies for many thousands more.
Hon. M. A. Macdonald, Attorney-General, takes
the position, a Victoria despatch announces, with regard to the proposed prosecution of the alleged sugar
combine, that as a Dominion matter the costs should
be borne by the Federal Government, and in any case
there is an inquiry talked of in Ottawa, awaiting the
outcome of which he would be averse to instituting
criminal proceedings which might be abortive and cost
the Province heavily. There speaks the "canny
If the shoe men can help it, the present abbreviated fashion in women's skirts will not be changed.
Every inch added to the length of women's dresses
means a loss of $10,000,000 a year to the shoe business, A. D. Anderson, of Boston, told the delegates
to the convention of the Pennsylvania Retail Shoe
Dealers' Association, iast week, at Philadelphia, and
urged them to co-operate with the designer to keep
the short; skirt in fashion. The less skirt, the more
and costlier shoe, evidently.
The Judicial Commission to investigate those year-
old alleged election irregularities In Vancouver will be
composed of the following Justices of the Supreme
Court, who, it is stated, will serve without fees: Mr.
Justice Gallagher (chairman), Mr. Justice Murphy,
and Mr. Justice W. A. Macdonald. Mr. Douglas
Armour, a well known Vancouver barrister, has been
appointed counsel. It is understood to be' the intention of the Government to bring in a bill to give the
Commission the scope to act and to make the inquiry
most thorough and searching.
Now that, we are through with February���and
winter���it is of interest to note what the weather
"probs" have in store for us in March, the blustery
and uncertain month, upon which we have just entered. This is how Foster, the great continental
meteorological expert, dopes it out���make what you
can of it: March promises about normal temperatures; warmest near 1, 11, 21 and 31, and coolest near
4, 18, 23, and 27. Not much rain or snow during
March (we should hope not!). Storms of March will
not be great, Most severe storms and most precipitation will occur near March 5, 15, 23 and 31.
To cement the friendship between the United
States and Canada, says a recent news despatch, 500
American newspaper editors and publishers, with
their wives and families, will tour Western Canada in
July next, travelling in four sections of trains. They
will proceed westward as far as Vancouver, visiting
many places of importance en route. In the party
will be representative newspapermen from forty-eight
states and Alaska. Some procession that!���and what
a boost for Western Canada! As for cementing
friendship, well, if printer's ink won't do it, it's
bseecau it's past sticking.
Prohibitionists are not worrying unduly as to how
the badly muddled soldiers' vote on the referendum
eventuates, as they anticipate that a measure similar
to that of Ontario will be introduced in the session of
the Legislature which assembled yesterday, providing
for absolute prohibition during the period of the war,
after which, when the soldiers have returned home, a
new referendum will be submitted. As the civilian
population of the Province voted for prohibition by a
large majority, the Government are expected to take
the not unreasonable position that the country should,
on all accounts, including the vital considerations of
economy and greatest efficiency in these stressful war
times, have prohibition in the meantime. When the
war is over and the soldiers return, it will be no more
than fair that the whole question shall be submitted
for confirmation or revocation again. As the women
will then have the vote, there can be no question how
another prohibition referendum will go. Page 2
New Weetainster. B.C.,   March 2, 1917
Published every Friday from tlie Offices, 761 Carnarvon Street,
New W'estmimster; B. C, by tlie Pacific Canadian Printing
& Publishing Co-, l/td.
Editor and Manager
Subscription Prices;���$1.00 per annum [in advance];   50c.   for six
months; 25c. for three months; 10c, per month;   5c. per copy.
Advertising rates on   application
Important successes in two widely separated fields
of action have fallen to British arms within the week
���in both cases the culmination of months of ceaseless
effort and unrelaxing pressure, in which our own
Canadians have bon.e a noble and brilliant part,
especially in the raids and trench-fighting on the
Somme and Ancre.
In the case of the somewhat startling withdrawal of the German forces on a front of thirteen
miles for a depth of some three miles, involving the
evacuation of Bapaume, the key to the enemy's position on the Somme, this result, while the steadily
pursued British objective since July last, came rather
sooner than expected. Minimize it as the Germans
may, under the euphemism of a strategic retreat, the
falling back to a stronger defensive position, it is on
its face an admission of defeat and of being forced
to assume the defensive role after being driven out of
positions they had been years in preparing and which
they held to be impregnable. The blow te German
prestige and morale will not easily be assuaged, even
though a more desperate resistance or even attempted
offensive may succeed this unprecedented German
It is with peculiar pleasure that British people
everywhere will have learned of the recapture of Kut-
el-Amara, early this week, bv the British force under
General Maude���a result which has been clearly indicated for some weeks. Thus the surrender of General
Townshend's gallant men to the Turks, on account of
starvation, nearly a year ago, has been gloriously
avenged. We read in this connection that the British
gunboat Firefly, lost on the retreat from Ctesephon,
last year, has been recaptured, and in addition one
Turkish ship taicen and another destroyed. British Columbia boys, we know, are aiding in this river flotilla
work on the ancient Tigris and Euphrates. The British are pursuing the shattered Turkish forces far beyond Kul-el-Amara, and the enemy, it was announced
in the British Columbia, yesterday, would reach Bagdad only a disordered mob. We may hear soon that
Bagdad, famed in song and story, has fallen to
British arms.
The Conservative Caesar of Canada has been "getting it in the neck" all along the line in the Provinces,
for the last year and a half, until there is now none so
poor hardly as to do him reverence. It started with
Manitoba, late in 1915. with a complete overthrow of
the Roblin-Rogers combination that had held things
down and whooped things up for nearly fiftteen years.
Before the smash-up, Rogers manaetd to transfer his
activities to the  "big spending department" (Public
Pri. and Sat., March 2-
Charlie Chaplin
Mon. and Tues., March 5-6.
"The Wax Model"
Pri. and Sat., March 9-10
The Canadian Armv in
Advance of the Tanks
Home Shoe
Cobbling Sets ���
containing all the
necessary tools
Half Soles and
Heels, Shoe Nails
and Rivets
"Economy Begins   at
Anderson   (St   Lusby
634 Columbia St.
Royal City Pork Butchers
737 Columbia St. 309 Sixth St.
We make a specialty  of Cooked Meats.     Our
Properly Cooked Hams, Veal Loaf, Etc.,
are iu great demand.
Phone 219
Works) at Ottrwa, being foxy, like our Sir Richard,
who also got out before the Conservative cataclysm in
British Columbia���which is a matter of recent history.
Between times, early in June last, the strong Liberal
Government of Quebec, under Premier Gouin, was
returned again, and with an increased majority, after
eleven years of power, getting the long end of a 74 to
7 Legislature. Followed Nova Scotia, on the 20th of
the same month, which, after twenty years' trial,
again endorsed the Liberal Administration, with Hon.
G. A. Murray now at its head, by an increased majority ���32 to 11. Saskatchewan and Alberta set up
Provincial housekeeping with Liberal Governments,
and have so continued to date.
That left only Ontario, New Brunswick, and Prince
Edward Island. Ontario has had a Conservative Administration since the Government of the late Sir
George Ross, following twenty-five years of unbroken
Liberal rule under Oliver Mowat, went out; but of
late the Hearst Conservative Government of Ontario,,
as disclosed in the by-elections, has begun to grow
wobbly and shaky on it pins. And now good old New
Brunswick, with what was thought to be a safe thing
for the Conservative Government of Hon. J. A, Murray, who controlled forty-three out of the forty-eight
seats in the late Legislature, has gone to bat���on
Saturday last���and another Conservative Government
is in the discard, the huge Government majority being
wiped out and the Liberals having been returned with
a working majority of 27 to 21. W. E. Foster, leader
of the Opposition, though sharing the fate of three of
the Ministers, in being personally defeated, will be
given another constituency.
The foregoing is just a general sketch of what
has happened to strong Provincial Conservative Administrations, east, west and middle, throughout
Canada, op the one hand, for the last year or two, and
the renewed suppprt which has been accorded to
strong and long continued LiberaJ Administrations, on
A++&AA44444AA4AI&444 fr^x~:��;"S��8>����>���������� *********'
X "PHONES [15 and 16
���>  Dealers in������
* Crush d Rock, Sand and  Gravel,   Lime,   Cell ment, Plaster, Drain Tile, Etc.
J Forge, House and Steam Coal.    Agricultural Lime
!���''- 902 Columbia S reet
New Westminster, B. C.
4 :
the other. As an observation of political facts and
tendencies, it is at least interesting. Of course, as
some wish to assure themselves, there may be no
necessary connection between this very pronounced
and on its face rather significant trend of events in
Provincial political affairs in Canada and the Federal
situation and forecast of what is likely to happen the
Conservative Administration at Ottawa, now considerably overdue, as judged by normal practice, for trying
its fate. Apart altogether, however, from the great
use which such consummate machinists as Bob Rogers
and Bill Bowser were able to make of the Provincial
buttresses as bases of operation for the Federal field,
the fact that the Conservatives have now lost nearly
all these out-works, and that their record per se is not
exactly t- bulwark of strength, may well induce cold
shivers at the early prospect of the central citadel
being assailed.
Advertise  in   the Pacific Canadian
New Westminster, B, C,
New Spring'
The very newest styles, made from the most up-to-
date materials, in plain cloths, the new checks, and
smart novelties; all sizes and prices,
from $11.95 up to $35.00
Billy BurKe
This style is a big favorite, and we can give a large
assortment in serge, silk, etc., all sizes.    Our prices
from $9.50
Easter Apparel for Men
Men's Neckwear
We have just received our new Spring Shipment of
Neckwear; in all the new and popular styles, with
the very latest patterns and designs, which are too
numerous to mention. It will be well worth your
time to inspect this beautiful stock at reasonable
prices 35c, 50c, 75c, $1.00 $1.25, $1.50, $2.00
Men's Hats
Before buying your new hat for Spring,  inspect our
new array of Fedoras, Chesterfields,  Telescopes, and
Derbys, which we are sure will please the most
critical $1.50, $2,00, $2.50, $3.00, $3.50, $4.00
Our first shipment of Smart and Stylish Hats just
to hand. See these in our Ready-to-Wear Department THIS FRIDAY.
waEsxmnt aoi
New Westminster, B.C.. March 2, 1917
Pago J.
LOCAL AND  GENERAL.    LEGISLATURE OPENED.   ^������������������������������������������������������������������������i ^^���<^xk����k~X">^:k"^x.^
Donations to the local prisoners of war
fund for the week ending February 24th
totalled $35.
These are all Kodak days, if you only
thought so. Hurndall the Kodak Man
shows you how. Don't be afraid to
ask him. tc
Congress, yesterday, gave President
Wilson more limited powers than he
asked to protect American shipping,
but it is expected the Senate bill, giving
full powers, will finally be adopted.
The Edmonds Energetic Elves, a group
of voung ladies at Edmonds, Burnaby,
have promised to raise $50 to supply
linen for one bed in the military wing of
the Royal Columbian Hospital for returned soldiers.
Manneriug it MacKenzie, plumbers,
heaters, and sheet metal workers, have
removed to new and commodious quarters, 55 Sixth st. (Matt Knight's old
stand), where they will be glad to see
you.    Telephone, 922. tc
Under the auspices of the Teachers Institute of the citv, Mr. Moses B, Cotsworth will give a lecture this evening in
the Connaught High School auditorium
on "Calenders, Old and New," to be illustrated by lantern slides.
An appropriation of $350 will probably
be made by the City Council this year to
make alterations to tbe method of operating the swing span of the Lulu Island
bridge. These contemplated changes
will reduce the time of operating tbe
draw by one-half.
On the British Columbia division of
theC. P, R. for the coming year there
will be expended a sum of $1,250,000,
was the statement made recently bv Mr.
F. W. Peters, general superintendent.
This is the amount that was asked from
headquarters and that has been appropriated.
. The fifty-fifth anniversary of the establishment of St. Andrew's Presbyterian
Church in this city was observed Wednesday. In the morning the sacrament
of the Lord's Supper was observed and
in the evening Rev. Principal John Mackay, of Vancouver, spoke on "God in
Human History." Special music was
Fire, Monday night about 10 o'clock,
totally destroyed the unoccnpied bungalow of Mr. Robert McGibbon, Thirteenth
avenue and second street, Burnaby. The
city Fire Department was notified, and
although the fire was outside the city
limits, the brigade from No. 3 fireball
responded and did good work. The
building was insured.
" All gone up in smoke ! That's what
you would have to sorrowfully exclaim
if you should be the next victim of the
fires that are occuring every week and
your house and furniture should be destroyed uninsured. A fire is bad enough,
but you can guard against loss by seeing
W. B. Blane, The Man Who Insures,
206-207 Westminster Trust Bldg.      tc .
There is a possibility that the city tax
rate may be raised this year from the 22-
mill rate net prevailing last year. The
year's estimates have been completed by
the City Council, but are still subject to
some further paring. A 10 per cent,
general reduction in the land assessment in the city has been made this
year which will mean a depleted revenue
at the old rate.
"There is nothing 1 have to say for
the papers. I just intend to let things
take their own course," was the reply of
Mr. B. T. Rogers, the other day, when
asked if there were any fresh developments in connection with the prppcise'^
Federal inquiry into the affairs of the
Britisb Columbia Sugar Refining Cqni-
pariy by Mr. W'. p. O'Connor,,-*.{.., the
post of jiving commissioner.
That the Provincial Government is not
responsible for the maintenance of the
crjb work on the south side of Columbia
street, opposite Albert Crescent, which is
in nee(} pf repair, is the decision of jjon,
John Qliyer, Minister of Railways, in a
letp-r to t}ie City Council tins week. The
crib work stands on |aqd leasee} by the
city to the Qovepinient. The matter
was referred to the City Solicitor  for ye.
One of the old pioneers of this citv mid
district died Monday evening at Aldergrove, in the person of Mrs Sarah Ann
Jackman, wife of Mr. Philip Jackman,
Mrs. Jackman came out to this country
in 1862, but a few years after her hus-
baud, who is one of tbe few surviving
members of the corps of Royal Engineers. The funeral was held Thursday
afternoon, from the family residence at
The grading and macadamising of Columbia street from Brunette to Hospital
streets, at the estimated cost of $1,500;
the improvement of St. Patrick street
from First to Third streets; improvements to Tenth and Simcoe streets, and
the possible hard surfacing ol Eighth
street. These are some of the street
improvements planned by the Board of
Works this year and an effort will be
made to finance the work.
The funeral was held Sunday afternoon
of the late Mrs. Maucle Messjnger flard,
aged 24, from the chape] in Fales' mortuary to the -flasonic cemetery at Sapperton. Rev. Frank Plaskett, of Holv
Trinity Cathedral, officiated. The de"-
ceased lady was a native of this Province, She was a daughter of Mrs. Mary
H. Ryan and a grand-daughter of Mrs,
George Black, an old-time resident of
this district The family now reside
near Portland, Ore. The late Mrs. Hard
died in Detroit, Mich.,  on  February 17.
Claiming that her children had noi
sufficient clothing to enable them to attend school, a Sapperton woman appeared in Police Court, on Monday, to answer a charge of failing to comply with
the School Act and send her children,
who are between the ages of 7 and 14, to
the public school. She stated that her
husband was unable to work and it was
all she could do to provide the children
with the bare necessities of life. The
magistrate allowed her to go upon securing a promise that she would send
the children to school when the weather
First Session of Fourteenth Parliament
Formally Opened Yesterday, with
Unusual Public Interest���Synopsis of
To the accompaniment of the usual
official ceremonies and an unusual degree
of public interest, the first session of the
fourteenth Legislature of British Columbia was formally opened yesterday, March
1st, by His Honor Lieut.-Governor Bar-
uard, after the election of Mr. John
Walter Weart, member for South Vancouver, on nietion of Premier Brewster
and Mr. J. W. Bowser, leader of His
Majesty's loyal Opposition, as Speaker.
The usual speech from the throne, a
more than ordinarily lengthy and meaty
document, a brief synopsis of whicli follows, was then read by His Honor.
The speech naturally referred, in
opening, to the change in the incumbency of the Governor-General's office
during the year. Reference was also
made to the war and to the irreparable
loss of many brave men. In this connection it was announced that the old
Court House site in the city of Vancouver
would be set apart as an open space and
for the erection of a suitable memorial
to British Columbia's fallen heroes of
the war.
Sympathetic ami appreciative reference
was made to the loss sustained by the
Province iu tbe recent deatii of Hon.
Ralph Smith. Reference was also made
to tiie conference a few weeks ago at
Ottawa, in which Premier Brewster took
part, to devise ways and means to aid in
the settlement and employment of returned soldiers.
The speech notes a marked improvement in business conditions throughout
the Province during the past year, announces that a complete audit is being
made of Provincial affairs, ami declares
that agricultural production is in a very
unsatisfactory condition. In this connection, it is announced that a measure
will be presented designed to open up
and assist in the settlement of many of
the fertile areas of the now unproductive parts of the Pfdvince and provide
homes and employment for returned soldiers and others.
Legislation is also promised for the
improvement of the Agricultural Act, in
regard to irrigation, and for the systematic prospecting of mineral bearing districts and providing additional smelting
A marked increase is noted in the demand for timber, including wood-pulp,
a thorough inquiry into P. G. E. matters is announced, and the statement
made that the Province has been called
upon for large sums in railway guarantees.
Steps to conserve the fishing industry
are promised; also lulls for the reform
of the civil service, to assist technical
education, etc., to provide for equal
guardianship of children, to amend the
Elections Act to provide for woman suffrage, etc., and providing for payment
of wages fortnightly in certain industries. The necessity of increasing the
revenue is noted, and the statement
made that the most expert advice is
being availed of on scientific taxation
and the equalization of assessments.
K4SONDAI.K,   H.    C.
TENDERS.in triplicate.endorsed "Provincial Mental Hospital,'' for the supply of clothing, dry-goods, boots and
shoes, shoemaker's fittings, meat, fish,
groceries, flour, coal, mattresses and
betiding, fodder, etc., for the use of the
said institution, from the first of April
next to the 31st of March, 1918, will be
received by tbe Honourable the Provincial Secretary until noon on Saturday,
the 10th of March, 1917.
Lists of the articles required can be
seen at the Hospital, at wliich place
samples can also be inspected.
All supplies to be delivered at the
Hospital without extra charge.
Two sufficient.sureties for the due fulfilment of each contract will be required.
Tenders will not be considered unless
made out ou tbe forms, which can be
obtained from the Bursar of the Hospital or the undersigned.
Deputy Provincial Secretary.
Provincial Secretary's Office,
February 24th, 1917. 12
I'l-OVINCIAI.     IIOSI'I l,\l.     I Hit    THK
INtANK,     NfJty     YVKHTMIN-
SiTKR, H. (J,
TENDERS, in triplicate, endorsed
''Public Hospital for the Insane,"
for the supply of clothing, dry-goods,
boots and shoes, shoemaker's fittings,
meat, fish, groceries, flour, coal, mattresses and bedding, fodder, etc., for the
use of the said institution, from the 1st
of April next to the 31st of March, 1918,
will be received by the Honourable the
Provincial Secretary until noon on Saturday, the 10th of March, 1917.
Lists of the articles required can be
seen at the Hospital, at whicli place
samples can also be inspected.
All supplies to be delivered at the
Hospital without extra charge.
Two sufficient sureties for tbe due fulfilment of each contract will be required.
Tenders will not be considered unless
made out on the forms, which can be obtained from the Bursar of the Hospital or
the undersigned.
Deputy Provincial Secretary.
Provincial Secretary's Oflice,
February 24th, 1917. t2
The People's
Main Store - 193 and 194
Sapperton branch - 373
West End branch 650
Three Big Stores
of  Plenty
^"^  l is �� r^i~i_
Em Up
Bath-Tubs,   Minors,   Toiletware,  Marble, Glass,  Mirrors
Something new, imported
direct from England. Use
one tin and you would never
be without it. The cost is
small, only, per tin
Old Dutch Cleanser 3 tins
for 25c
Royal Crown Naptha Soap
large cake   5c
in "Easy Street"
Friday and Saturday,  March 2-3
The Canadian Northern Railway Co,
hi(s inaugurated its freight and passenger
service ou its Lulu Island line between
New Westminster and Woodward's Landing. It is proposed to run the train
from Woodward's to New Westminster
in the mornings and return iu the evenings. A passenger coach will be attached
to the freight train for the accommodation of Lulu Island and Delta farmers
coming into N'ew Westminster. At this
city connection will   be   made   with   the
Queen-borough end  of the B, C. H. R.
Citv  Market.
There was a good market to-day, with
full supplies in most lines, and brisk
demand. Meats were well represented,
especially pork and veal, with prices
about the same as last week, though
veal preferred rose a l 'tch, ranging 17
1-2 to IS l-4_ per lb. Poultry was plentiful, last week's prices ruiing. Eggs
registered a sharp decline, to 31c per
doz wholesale, up lo 40e retail, flutter
held at 50c per lb. Potatoes remained
firm at $48 to $50 per ton and $2.75 per
sapk. If the Ottawa order to prohibit
export, reported to be in contemplation,
goes through, some drop in prices is
Smart  Designs   and   Fabrics  in
Women's Spring Suits and Coats
The smart designs for the coming season are arriving daily. The models
are delightful in shade as well as material and are pleasing and spring-like.
Variety of design is our specialty and you will find here a wonderful selection. You can see a few of these models in our window display, but do not
fail to see the showing in our Ready-to-Wear Department.
Spring Neckwear
We always carry a great variety of the newest in Neckwear, and now offer
you the newest sailor shapes in georgette Crepe. Some designs are priced
as low as $1.25.
FANCY VERTEES in Georgette Crepe with turn-down collar, from..$2.50
Kid Gloves
Special line of white and black Kid Gloves; in all sizes.    A splendid value
at, per pair j125
Kid Gloves with self and white stitching at, per pair $1.50
Also white and black stitching at the same price.     Ask  to see our gloves
 $1.75, $2.00 and $2.25
Art Needlework
Stamped Nightgowns 85c up
Corset Covers 35c up
Combinations and Envelope Chemise. $1.00 up
Our Telephone Number is 240
If you cannot come down, Phone 240.    We will give
you prompt service.
Study Seeds
Why Not Attend to This Today?
We have a fine stock.    Several
varieties grown in Westminster  ; \
We Specialize in HOME PRODUCTS
Ii. Ryall
Druggist and  Optician
phone 57 ;;
Protect yonr property by Insuring
against loss by Fire in strong, reliable Companies.
Wm. McAdam
Real Estate and Insurance Broker
Room 1, Hart Block
at prices that  are  RIGHT
Quality, Quantity and Service  is  our
Phones:   150-732
Belyea $ Company, Ltd.
j 827 Carnarvon Street
���Seed Grain-
Grass and   Clover Seeds
TVTOW is the time to get busy on your requirements.
*~ ^ We are all ready with the finest No. 1 Government Grades of Timothy and Clovers in B. C.
Also Seed Oats, Wheat Barley, Peas, Corn, Etc.
Write us for Price List.    We have enough  for all.
The Brackman-Ker Milling
Company, Ltd.
NEW WESTMINSTER,   -   -   B. C. P��We4
New Westminster. B.C.,   March 2, 1917
night-time the worst came.
"The  ship  was struck by the biggest
  sea  she  had yet, on the starboard side,
Three Plucky Sailors Stick to Their and she heeled right over. Didn't seem
Ship in Fiercest Atlantic Storm, after to me that I 'd get her in after all. Lash-
Remainder of Crew Desert, and Bring ings on the deck snapped like cotton,
Her into Port. the anchor broke loose, the dynamo
For downright pluck, daring, courage shaft in the engine-room was smashed,
and  endurance  the  annals of even the and all lights went out.
, . ,  .                 ; And  then   another sea came on the
present war, in which instances of splen- port   s|de  and   force(1  the boat back to
did heroism are numberless, could show something like an even keel, and she got
nothing finer than the story recited in a her balance again.    Say, that was some-
recent London despatch of how three
sailors, battling with one of the fiercest
gales the Atlantic has ever known,
brought the tug Vigilant into port,
when it had been abandoned in mid-
ocean bv the rest of tbe crew.
All three men were American citizens,
though Robert FergusSon, leader in the
exploit, was a Glasgow man by birth,
having served his time on British ships.
San Francisco, where his three children
live, has been his home for eighteen
years. "I'm an American citizen," said
Fergusson to tbe reporter of a London
paper who interviewed bim. "Hut I
wasn't born iu Glasgow for nothing. 1
knew the British Government wanted
that ship. That was enough for me. I
made up my mind I'd get ber in somehow or die in tbe attempt." Thomas
Welch and John Smith, who stuck to
their leader through il all, are born
Americans. Mr. Fergusson was awarded
,��2,500 in tbe Admiralty Court for his
magnificent salvage services, while each
of his comrades received ��1,250.
The story as told bv Fergusson, in
the homely lodgings m North London,
where the heroes of the adventure stayed'
aster they left Cardiff, is as follows:
"The Vigilant left Xew York on Oct.
1.5, bound for Bristol via Canadian ports.
On the way to St. John we struck a
rough patch of weather. We had to put
in north of Halifax on account of the
storm, and when we reached St. John's
on October 17, one of tbe crew quit.
That left sixteen of us.
thing like a miracle! It gets me sure
bow it happened, but happen it did, and
I set to work again to pull her through,
making all the while for the Irish coast.
"We sighted the coast at last and met
a patrol boat, who offered to pilot us
into Bantiy Bay. But she had no lights
and we had none and I kept losing her
in the dark. There came along a Scotch
boat, The Flying Fox, and there at last
we got help. Six seamen came along,
and 1 got the steering gear fixed, and
we got to Castletown, where we lay for
six davs, and at last I got her into
"Tbe American consul there was real
good to us, and told us what to do. I
came up to London, where I've been
working on rigging, but T guess I'll be
going back to Amerita soon. I've been
in a few shipwreck- in the Pacific, and
saved a few people off tin- Mexican coast.
but I'm better pleased to bave got the
Vigilant in than I've ever been before."
Going to have a very gay time with
tbe salvage money?" he was asked.
"Didn't 1 tell vou 1 was born in Glasgow?" Fergusson said quickly, with a
smile on bis kindly, clever face. "I
guess 1 shall put a canny bit, if not all,
in the war loan."
"We're doing the same," chimed in
Welch and Smith.
And then Welch put in a word
"Something was said about miracles,"
be remarked quietly. "I don't know
much about that. Guess I'd call it
damned good seamanship.   Some boss!"
Sailors   would   call   it  that, but  the
"Capt.   Ince, a New   Yorker, was the   British people, whose heart responds so
readily to tales of courage on the sea,
would call it something else, and they
would be right.
The story was outlined in the Admiralty Court, where it was stated that
Sunday, October 29, was  well known as
boss, and I was second officer. Wi
started off the same day, and il was still
blowing pretty fiercely We made slow
progress, but we covered a fair amount
of ground. Only the gale didn't gel
down at all.
"About seven or eight hundred miles   the   date of one  of the fiercest gales of
off the   Irish  coast the  captain decided   recent times.
to send out an S. O. S. This was on Mr. Laing, counsel for the salvors,
Friday, October 27. Oueenstown ie- said the story was' one wliich ought to
plied with a message that a patrol boat live in the memories of mariners who
would be sent out. Meanwhile we put talked about such things and discussed
out distress signals and sighted a vessel deeds of daring at sea.
about two miles lo the north. These men staked their lives, all they
'We reckoned help was coming along, had to stake, continued counsel, and had
But it didn't come. We watched that won the stakes they played for. They
ship go by without getting an answer to had grasped the opportunity of their
our calls. We looked out for the patrol lives to make a substantial sum ot money,
boat���and it didn't come along. On the There could not be a finer example of
Sunday morning - this was October 29, real salvage service. Every factor was
and the gale was one of the fiercest I've- there for enhancing the award. The ship
run up against all the years I've been would have gone to certain destruction
seafaring���we got a message from the except.for what these men did.
great Holland-American liner Rynlaud, Sir Samuel Evans, the president, in
that she would be along with help about giving judgment, said the courage, fine
6.30 in the evening. spirit, and  absence  of all physical fear
"Tbe Vigilant was about 1,500 horse- displayed by these men commanded ill-
power and of 200 tonnage. She could stant and unstinted admiration, and one
make about 13 1-2 knots an hour. At liked to think of it as illustrating the
St. John's she had been fitted with courage of British seamen on the waves.
strong wooden 'whalebacks,' to strength-   The   vessel, woith ��20,000, was almost
certainly saved  from total loss by these
men, who were led by Fergusson.
Money to Loan
for Sale
Notary Public
Guichon Block, Columbia and MeKenzie Sts.,    NEW  WESTMINSTER
en her against the winter Atlantic. Her
triple expansion engines were pretty
powerful, but the captain reckoned she
was a bit heavy. He was afraid she
might turn turtle. And when that mes- ])r. E. H. McEwen, of this city, has
sage came from tbe Rynlaud he gave been appointed coroner for New West-
orders that the Vigilant was to be aban- minster by the Provincial Government,
doned. Since the resignation of Dr. R. E Wal-
"This was about 4:30 in the afternoon, ker as coroner this office has been ya-
I didn't believe it when I heard what cant, and Dr. Doherty, coroner at Port
the order was. 1 went down below and Coquitlam, had been performing the
saw the crew dressed in their best clothes   city coroner's duties.
with   life-preservers   ou.     They   were       "         am-*.
Americans, Norwegians and Spanish. __1______________^_^_^
" 'Say,' I asked, 'won't some of you
chaps stay on with me?' They thought.
I was kidding. '(Juit fooling,' laughed
one of the Americans.
"Well, about 6:30 the Rynlaud came
stumbling along. She sent out a message, and I answered with Morse code
and electric flash. I meant to stick to
the boat if I were the last man left, but
I wanted help. I went down to the
engineers to find Welch, the oiler, and
looked at bim strgighl iu Ihe face. He
was all packed up ready to quit.
" 'Show your Yankee spirit and stay
with me,' I said. That got bim. He
said he would. Smith, the fireman,
agreed to stay on as well, and the three
of us told the captain what we meant to
" 'You're fools,' said the captain.
'What's the use of throwing your lives
" 'Well,' I replied, 'if I lose my
clothes and my instruments, 1 might as
well lose my life.    Me for the ship.'
"Tlie captain said he would take, the
ship's papers, and with that he left us.
We stood there ami looked at the waves
forty feet high, aud we watched the
.officer iu charge of the Rynland's boats
take off our crew. There was the great
liner there, with its thousand souls
aboard all cheering, and there was the
bitter wind blowing in our faces all the
while, and tbe shivering and shaking of
the boat.
" 'You'd better come along,' said the
olficer in charge. 'Nothing doing,' I
said. We quitted company. The liner
went her way anil we went ours. This
was al 7 o'clock.
"Welch   went  down   to look aftei the
i ngiues���a pretty tough job for one ma:'.
Smith  stripped to keep the fires going.
I  stuck  to the bridge.    Iciutdn't
drink   of   water;    1   kept  myself;
by   chewing   American   tobacco in
the time.
"That night was pretty li.nl,
o'clock came next nio idug, and I <i_hi-
c-<l a patrol. I gave m\ name, lltu .in-
Couldn't get near, and she was lost again
very soon iu those seas, like great walls,
' lilt kept rolling up to as and then
I ambling down on the tug.
"Then Ihe steering-gear got jammed.
I shouted down the speaking-tube, and
Welch tried to get up; but be got jammed himself in a ventilator, and couldn't
: el near. There was no food and no
drink, and we were sick with tiredness
and hunger. Seas all around getting
bigger and bigger every moment, anil at
New    Wellington,
Lump, Nut, pea
and SlacK
Foot Sixth St. Phone 105
ist o
Will keep your tea or coffee
warm and you will enjoy
your lunch.
We can sell vou Thermos
Bottles and Lunch Kits.
T. J. TRAPP & CO., Ltd.
Store 59      Office 1.96
Machinery   and   Auto  Dept.   691
We wish to announce to the public we
are still doing business at the old stand,
cor. Eighth and Carnarvon sts., New
Westminster, B. C. When you require
plumbing, heating, sheet metal work or
repairs, phone us on our old  No.���586.
Seville Hitter Orange, 2 lbs
for 25c
Navel Oranges, 2 doz 25c
California Grapefruit, 3-25c
Table Raisins, Is 15c
Grated  Parmesan   Cheese,
bottle 25c and 35c
Dry Chipped Beef, lb .50c
Lard Compound, per lb-.20c
Heinz, Tomato Catsup, bottle  30c
Ripe Olives, 65c tins 50c
35c tins 25c
Santa  Clara   Prunes,   5-lb
tins  75c
Van Camp's Hominy, tin.,20c
Map of Italv Olive Oil, quart
tin  .... 90c
Pint tin 50c
Quaker Succotash; corn and
Lima beans; 2 tins 25c
Model Grocery
Matheson & Jacobson
308 Sixth St. Phone 1001-_
East Burnaby, 2nd St. Phone 598
Edmonds, Gray Block Phone 1111L
Sapperton, Gnhr Block Phone 1012
60   Cents   to $1.25 Per Yard
It is the most varied showing of cords we have ever shown that
we offer this season. Orders placed two years ago are now
coming to hand. We have picked them from various sources;
greens, browns, blues, reds, greys, fawns, many shades in all
these; also black and white in various weights and widths.
See our showing this week. We emphasize present buying because we cannot replace those sold out.
$1.50 Each
Always some new styles being shown in waists at this price.
Just now there are a dozen or more new models; fresh from
the manufacturer; neat white muslin and voile waists; sizes 34
to 44.   Each $1,50
W. S. Collister & Go.
The Store  for Women's Wear
P. O. Box 933
Westminster  Iron   Works
JOHN   REID,   Proprietor
General Machine -Work, Engineering and
Manufacturers of   Structural and Ornamental Ironwork
;���%w  New Westminster, B. G.
Office and  Works:
James & NcClughan
Auto Tires & Accessories
New Westminster, B. C.
Front and Sixth Sts.     Phone 302
-I.       -     W~WW��MI��
Let Us Do It?
'- -   i ii    ii mm -jjiih. in.ni.ijn.iin
Vou needn't   do   your   own '
Washing or send it to tt
The Royal City Laundry
(White Labor Only)
vyil) do it for you.
phone 183.   m mm ave.
Glanville's Bargain Store
Next Poor to Anderson & Lusbv
Two Big Specials for  Thirty Days
Sfll   PA IPS    AF    SHOPS Travellers'  Samples   for   Men. Women   aud   Children,
V\JV   I /Ul\J    VI     JIIULi3TT!fsellinp at less than manufacturers'   price.    These  Shoes
are of the best quality leather and latest styles.    A loo), will convince you.
Men's and Boys' Blue Serge, Tweed and Worsted Suits
At actual wholesale prices.    Boys as low as $4.95 and Men's at $7,50.    This will help re-
ducejhe high cost ofjliving.
Principal repayable 1st October, 1919.
Interest payable half-yearly, 1st April and 1st October by cheque (free of exchange at
any chartered Bank in Canada) at the rate of five per cent per annum from the date of
Holders of this stock wtll have the privilege of surrendering at par and accrued interest,
as the equivalent of cash, in payment of any allotment made under any future war loan issue
in Canada other than an issue of Treasury Bills or other like short date security.
Proceeds of this stock are for war purposes only.
A commission of one-quarter of one per cent will be allowed to recognized bond and
stock brokers on allotments made in respect of applications for this stock which bear their
For application forms apply to the Deputy Minister of Finance, Ottawa.
OCTOBER 7th, 1916.


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