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The Pacific Canadian Jun 2, 1916

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Array Torino la]    1 brary,   Tlotorit
' s
Weekly News Digest and Journal of  Observation and Comment.
Vol. I.
Number 13
The votes for Soldiers Bill introduced by Premier
Bowser last week is a long and involved measure, dealing with a unique situation which admittedly has to be
met by unusual measures. A regrettable fact in connection with the desirable extension of the franchise
to the thousands of men who are absent from their
homes serving their king and country in this terrible
war is that it furnishes more than the ordinary opportunities, in the very circumstances of the case, for a
proved unscrupulous Government to defeat the will of
the people. Apart from undue influences or manipulation of the vote afterwards, the great majority of
the men themselves, given opportunities for correct
and up to date information, which unfortunately, in
the circumstances, they could hardly have, could be
absolutely trusted to poll an intelligent and patriotic
By the provisions of the bill, every soldier who has
served or is serving in the Canadian or Imperial army,
and who has lived in the Province for six months before enlistment, and in a particular district for one
month, will be entitled to vote, without any regard to
what his age is or whether he has ever taken the
trouble to have his name placed on the voters' lists for
the electoral district he has lived in.
After the nomination of candidates in each constituency, the Returning Officer is to wire the names
of the candidates to the Deputy Provincial Secretary,
who will cable them to the Agent-General. The latter
is empowered to appoint a presiding officer for the
holding of a poll at each military camp or base or administrative unit in the United Kingdom where volunteers are on duty or being trained, and at each hospital or convalescent home where they are found to be
located. "If at the time of such election, the holding
of such polls is found to be practicable," says the bill,
the Agent-General will appoint officers for the holding
of polls in France and Belgium and anywhere else on
the Continent, and at any place in Africa.
When the Agent-General receives the list of candidates he will have ballots printed for all the constituencies where there is a contest and furnish a sufficient
number of each and of envelopes. The Deputy Provincial Secretary will furnish ballots for the prohibition and suffrage referendums, and the same official
will supply the election ballots to presiding officers appointed by the Government for the holding of a poll at
each military camp or base at which volunteers are
being trained or are on duty in any part of Canada
and in Bermuda.
Every volunteer���by which is meant every soldier
entitled to vote���who applies to the presiding officer
for a ballot paper shall be given one, and also referendum ballots, on his making an affidavit as to his residence in the Province, his sex and his British citizenship. There is no restriction upon the presiding officers as to the time for receiving affidavits and votes
for candidates, but none must be taken after the day
which is the actual polling day in the Province. The
prohibition and suffrage referendums may be taken up
to December 31st. The affidavit is to be printed and
written on the front of an envelope, on the back of
which the presiding officer endorses a certificate, and
the ballot paper is to be sealed up in the envelope by
the voter. These envelopes are to be placed in a bag
by each presiding officer, with a slip stating how many
there are, and the bag is to be sent to the Agent-General at London, if the votes were taken in Europe, or
to the Deputy Provincial Secretary here, if taken on
this continent, by registered post "or other safe and
expeditious means."
The Agent-General and Deputy Provincial Secre-
��� tary shall each keep a record of all bags sent to them
and shall preserve them sealed and unopened until a
time of which notice is to be given, which is to be not
leae than ten weeks nor more than eleven weeks from
nomination day. At the time named they are to open
the bags in the presence of the scrutineers "if present." There are to be four scrutineers appointed by
the Lieutenant Governor in Council, two on the nomination of the Prime Minister and two on the nomination
�� of the leader of the Opposition. One each will serve
in London and here, but "no such scrutineer shall be
entitled to any remuneration from the treasury of the
Province." The two to watch the count of the ballots
in London, if appointees resident in this Province, will
apparently have to get there on their own charges.
When the bags are opened, the envelopes are to be
sorted into electoral districts, the names of each voter,
with his rank and corps and the name of the presiding
officer, entered in a poll-book for each district and the
ballots taken out and placed without being examined
in ballot boxes. When all the bags have been o; ened.
the ballot boxes are to be opened and the ballots counted. The Agent-General is to cable the vote in each
case to the Deputy Provincial Secretary, who himself
The Government majority committees have whitewashed the Government in all the scandal investigations of the session, which is only what they were expected to do. The real value of the investigations is
the light, despite strenuous efforts to divert and distort it, thrown upon Government methods and transactions, by means of which the people are perfectly
able to arrive at their own verdict���a very different
one from the foregone party pronouncement.
Mr. Brewster introduced an effective measure into
the Legislature, last week, to make "plugging" practically impossible, by having the application forms
with each voter's signature placed in sections at the
polling places. Doubtful voters could then be required
to write their signatures for comparison. Premier
Bowser, with the evident purpose of killing the Liberal leader's bill and cribbing the credit for himself, has
appropriated the principle in an amendment of his
own to the Elections Act, but has made it practically
worthless, according to a habit of this Government in
trying to adapt good Liberal principles to Bowser purposes, by simply providing to take the voter's signature.
We devote considerable space to-day to another of
the characteristically clear, thorough, and informing
criticisms of leading Government measures by which
Mr. Brewster, Liberal leader, has, during the present
session alone, demonstrated his eminent fitness for
leadership���not of the Opposition alone, but as head of
the new Administration to which the people will
shortly call him. His exposition of the Provincial
finances, reproduced in this issue, incident to an examination of the Government's $10,000,000 loan proposal, shows him to be possessed of qualities, including
statesmanlike grasp, thoroughness, and conscientiousness, that have been conspicuously lacking in the administration of Provincial affairs for years and which
the country can no longer afford to be without.
The Government papers signalized the closing of
the Government's case before the "plugging" inquiry
committee, last week, by circulating broadcast a mysterious announcement, repudiated by the chairman of
the Government majority committee, but traced, it is
said, to the Attorney'General's office, that J. T. Scott,
late assistant secretary of the Provincial Liberal organization, Vancouver, would not give evidence before
the committee, as a warrant had been issued for his
arrest and he would be arrested on sight. Mr. Brewster complained of these intimidation tactics, stating
that Scott was to have come to Victoria from Seattle
to give evidence, last week, but. on account cf ihe announcement, had not: done so. If arrested, he could
be prevented from giving evidence before the committee. The announcement was evidently inspired by the
Government, who seem determined, for some reason,
to prevent Scott taking the stand, for fear, apparently, that he might completely uncover the Bowser nigger that is showing up more and more in the Government "plugging" committee woodpile.
will have dealt with the votes taken in Canada and
Bermuda in the same manner, and the totals of the
soldiers' votes in each case are to be added to the totals as reported by the Returning Officers of the vote
taken in the districts, when the Deputy Provincial Secretary "shall forthwith openly proclaim" as duly
elected the candidate or candidates having the greatest number of votes.
In order that the vote may be kept open, the power
of the Returning Officers is being curtailed. Instead
of these officials declaring the majority candidate
elected as soon as they have made their final counts of
the ballots, they are to make out a certificate of the
number of votes cast for each candidate and return it
with the writ of election and all other documents to
the Deputy Provincial Secretary.
It would appear from the bill to be the intention,
while the referendums are to be taken in the main at
the same time as the vote for members, to have deferred votes taken on these questions up to December
31. The Agent-General is to keep parcels containing
these deferred votes until one week from February 1,
1917, when the ballots will be counted.
If any bag is not received by the Agent-General or
the Deputy Provincial Secretary before the time fixed
for counting the ballots, or if the bag "appears to have
been opened," it shall not be opened nor its contents
examined, and ultimately it will be destroyed unopened. Further on in the same section it is stated that
the bags received late shall be openechand dealt with.
Copies of all the different Election Acts and the
Prohibition and Suffrage Bills will be supplied to the
The following lucid and masterly exposition of the
deplorable condition to which thirteen years of McBride-Bowser reckless misrule has brought the Provincial finances was given by Mr. H. C. Brewster,
Liberal leader, in his speech on the second reading of
the Government's new $10,000,000 loan bill, in the
Legislature, on Monday, May 22nd. It should be carefully read, pondered, and acted upon by every Provincial elector, at this crucial time, when an impending
general election gives the electors their one opportunity in years to take a controlling hand in the government of the country:
"This bill will attract the attention of every taxpayer in the Province, and is one which I would ask
the Legislature to very carefully consider before giving
it the sanction of their vote," said the Liberal leader.
' 'The Prime Minister delivered a characteristic speech
on the second reading, carefully avoiding giving real
information as regards the financial condition of the
Province and using figures to produce an effect which
could not be obtained from them if they were studied
by the average voter.
' 'The bill is a three-fold affair. We have in this
measure a Provincial loan, a loan from the Province to
the Pacific Great Eastern, and the validation of bor-
rowing for which arrangements had been made previously.
' 'The Prime Minister made a very remarkable statement. He showed that, if we went back far enough
into ancient history, the Province was not so badly off
now because it was not so much poorer than when it
started. I can imagine him as a manager of a company going to his directors and trying to explain to
them that, having disposed of all the assets, he at one
time had nine million dollars in the bank, but that now
it was gone and sundry borrowed moneys and all the income of the intervening years with it by the board, and
the shareholders need not worry because they were
only a few million dollars worse off than they were at
first. I can easily imagine that the feeling would be
strong among the directors that the management of
their affairs was in poor hands, and that for the protection of the shareholders a change must be made
without delay.
Received Castigation.
"The Prime Minister accused the Opposition of
misrepresentation of the true situation to the public
and we received a severe castigation from him. I
would just point out to him that, if the Opposition was
looking for an opportunity to criticize on that ground,
they would not need to go beyond this bill. It purports to be for a loan of ten millions, but I find���and
contained within itself are the facts which prove this
���that it will actually be a loan for $11,800,000, practically twelve million dollars. But it gives it a little
bit of a sugar-coating to call the pill a ten million-dollar loan. Under the bill as drawn, and it must have
been put in purposely, we find what we have to pay to
retire the $2,700,000 of treasury bills which we sold in
the latter part of 1914, some four hundred thousand
dollars more. In fact, in the last section of this bill it
is to be found that the Province is plebged to the extent of $3,130,000. We heard nothing of that from
the Prime Minister.
"That is not the worst feature. We are given to
understand that the credit of the Province is at high
water mark and that our criticism has no foundation.
We get a comparison of loans from the Prime Minister, but we must remember that the Provincial loan
was for twenty-five years and we pay 5.63. while the
Dominion loan is for fifteen years and yet they pay
only 5.50. What is to be taken from that? Either
that we expect money to be dearer or that our Provincial credit is not as good as it is claimed to be by the
Prime Minister.
Failed to Reveal Situation.
"The Frime Minister spoke of the bonded indebtedness of the Province. He left the impression, perpetuated in the public prints, that we have only a debt of
eighteen millions, and that this is not serious for our
Province. He failed to show the real situation, even
taking the balance sheet. From it we find our bonded
indebtedness is $18,023,146, with the addition of outstanding treasury bills, but we now find that, instead
of this latter amount being $2,700,000, it is up to $3,-
130,000. We find no account taken by the Premier of
anything that has transpired since the end of the fiscal
year closing over a year ago.
"But beyond that, with this bill before us, which
is nearer twelve than ten millions, the Province has to
face a bonded indebtedness of thirty million dollars,
and there is this���something which did not appeal to
the Prime Minister���that, while the bonded indebtedness is no serious factor as far as this Province is concerned, the great factor is  the  responsibility placed
(Continued on Page Two) Page 2
New Westoninster, B.C., June 2, 191C
Published every Friday from the Offices, 7M Carnarvon Street,
New Westminster, B. C, by the Pacific Canadian Printing
& Publishing Co-, Ltd.
GKO. KENNEDY, - - Editor and Manager
Subscription Prices;���$1.00 per annum [in advance];   50c.   for six
months; 25c. for three months; 10c. per month; .5c. per copy.
Advertising rates on   application
Continued from Page One
upon the people of the Province in the guarantee of
railway bonds, principal and interest. Some hon.
gentlemen told us only a short time ago, and we heard
it thundered from the hustings, that the railways
would not cost us a penny, but, when the Premier
moves the second reading of the loan bill, he forgets
to mention that we are paying already' for them, that
we are responsible to this same company (the P.G.E.)
for $900,000 a year interest and have started by paying $316,000. Between that and the bonds guaranteed
for the Canadian Northern Pacific there is $1,692,890
annually of interest which we are pledged to make
good, and which the Dominion Minister of Finance
has stated this Government will have to make good
its share of after the first of July.
Not Frank with People.
"There is no question that the Prime Minister was
not frank with the people and did not give a true statement of the position of the Province. We have placed
upon the people, according to the figures taken from
v our own statistics, the responsibility for eighty millions principal of railway bonds. I take that to mean
that these guarantees will have to be met, because already some of these great railway magnates have been
at Ottawa this year and have received enough to pay
interest for the present. In giving to the House the
financial statement of the Province, the Premier could
not, unless he wilfully did it, have overlooked the responsibility which the people of this Province have in
this connection.
"The Premier went to a great extent to paint an
optimistic picture of the future, but before doing that
he said I had spoken so pesssimistically in the east
that, if people took me at my word, it would have injured the credit of the Province. I defy the Premier
or anyone else to point to one statement of mine regarding the finances of this Province which they can
honestly question as to its truthfulness. If the Government is frightened to have the truth regarding the
finances of British Columbia known, then its members
are not fit to be in charge of them. If I painted a
pessimistic picture, what did the Premier try to do,
when he painted a picture of the Province as compared
with the municipalities? And the argument! Where
was the argument, when in the one breath he practically warned the people to beware of the municipalities
because they were spending so much and prided the
Province on spending so much less?
��� "He lost sight of the fact that the municipal, pro
vincial and federal debts all fall upon the same people,
and that, if we have a great municipal or federal indebtedness, it makes us so much weaker to bear the
provincial debt. It was a disingenuous argument, designed to draw your minds away from the present.
He went into the future to tell you what was there for
us, which no one disputes. I take second place to no
one in my belief that this is the richest Province in
the Dominion, but, when he enters on that sort of argument, he must look facts in the face and give a
statement of the assets which were under our control
when he took charge and those which we have left today. If he does so, he will be convicted out of his
own mouth.
"This is true of the timber. We do not have to go
to any considerable length to make the argument, so
apparent to anyone, that under the present law the
royalty figured in the manner he did is largely a
myth. We do not have to go far to find it is a myth.
We have had it shown that, within a few miles of
Victoria, are lands which the crown let go under a
fictitious description as second class agricultural land
at between $17,000 and $18,000, which are assessed at
$421,800, and claimed to be worth $629,000 in a prospectus issued by the company now owning them. This
means a loss in royalties of $324,000.
Railway Controlled Government.
"In the Pacific Great Eastern portion of the bill,
which is by far the greater portion of it, we have a
section which enables the Lieutenant Governor in
Council, where we have restrictions, simply to set these
to one side if they do not suit the railway friends of
the Government. It is claimed that there are multimillionaires behind this road whose money can put it
through���and we all agree it must be put through to
bring to the north development and to the south a
share in the prosperity which its opening to a junction
wth the Grand Trunk Pacific must bring on. We have
guaranteed their bonds to the extent of $42,000 a mile,
and now they appeal to us for more aid.
"Taking the reports that have been presented to
us, we find that we have paid to them $20,160,000 and
have paid for them $316,160 interest, while the total
amount they have spent on the road is $18,800,000. If
the Government is going to put all the money into the
road, we should insist that the giving of the money is
so hedged about with safeguards that an Order in
Council or the Administration cannot carelessly set
these restrictions aside.
"We find in this act an attempt to make the company pay interest on the loan. They seem to have no
assets. The Development Company has assets, but
we have no knowledge whether or not they are clear.
Until we are in possession of all. the facts, it should
not be asked of this House to put further moneys after
the first. If we are to loan this money, we are entitled
to insist that the contract should be open to public
competition and that the lowest tenderer who can put
up bonds for the successful completion of the work
should be given the contract.
Contracts Without Tender.
"So far as the information before this Legislature
goes, the contract has been let to one member of  the
syndicate or company, without public tenders being
called for, and the prices being paid are fabulous. The
company is obligated to finish this road and the Government was to pay over the proceeds of its guaranteed
bonds in proportion to the amount of work done. But,
instead of that, the Government has permitted one
hundred per cent, of the money to be released and the
company has only completed 62 1-2 per cent, of the
work. Hedging the agreement round with safeguards
is little use evidently. What is to be accomplished by
this, when we have hedged about the funds in the
original agreement, only to have the safeguards flouted
by the Prime Minister and his associates?
"We have no guarantee that we will not have these
men back again for a further contribution of the taxpayers' money to complete the road they are themselves obligated to complete. The six millions we are
giving will not finish the line. The Government engineers say it will cost twice that sum, and I think it
will be three times this six millions before it is completed to Fort George, so you see it is more than probable that we will have them back here.
"Then there is the general policy of this borrowing
of money. We have had put before us the getting of
money either by the sale of our assets or by borrowing, and then flinging it about the Prouincc in an effort to galvanize prosperity. There is not a man but
knows that this has not been a success, but, on the
contrary, has been a great evil. Now we have the
Government, on the eve of an election, doing the same
thing, not to create a true and lasting prosperity, but
to try to make people think something is being clone
and so secure this Administration another term of office for five years.
Burdened with Taxation.
' 'The general public are to-day so burdened with
taxation that they will not willingly assist this road
any further without knowing what has become of the
money already spent. The people are just about
through with any Administralion that simply tries, for
political effect, to create a fictitious prosperity.
"We are told that some of the money has been-put
into the road by the company and the contractors
themselves. I have searched through the answers
and the returns given in the House and I find from
t,hem that we have paid the whole price. _ The Government is paying for the road and allowing other
people to own it.
"The Premier tried to make a point out of the comparison between our indebtedness and that of the
other provinces. In this we rank close behind Ontario,
which can well afford to carry a heavier burden because it has so much larger a population. Quebec's
debt is $33,000,000, Ontario's is $40,000,000, New
Brunswick's $3,500,000, Nova Scotia's $12,500,000,
Manitoba's $18,000,000, Saskatchewan's $20,000,000
and Alberta's $22,000,000. In the three latter, the
Government owns the telegraphs, telephones, terminal elevators and other public utilities. British Columbia has its public debt now of $30,000,000 and a small
population. In 1913-14 the per capita expenditure of
the provinces was P. E. I., $4.75; N. S., $4.15; N. B.,
$4.22; Que., $4.07; Ont., $4.09; Man., $10.52; Sask.,
$7.47; Alta., $9.04: B. C, $32.30. With these facts
staring us in the foce, we have a right to demand of
the Government that they must protect the people in
the expenditure on this road. The bill before us and
the actions of the Government in the past prove that
this will not be the case.
Typical Argument.
"The Premier could not rise above the conception
that all the Liberal Opposition or anyone else wanted
to reach office was to be near the treasury. That is a
typical Bowser argument which is hardly worth replying to. If that is his conception of the desire of the
Opposition to reach the treasury benches, rather than
from a desire to try and pull this Province out of the
financial quagmire into which it has been plunged by
the Conservative Administration, I certainly consider
it beneath notice.
"It is doubtful if ever before, in the Dominion of
Canada, there has been offered the spectacle of _ an
honorable gentleman, standing up in his place as Prime
Minister and Attorney-General, pleading the cause of
a corporation and asking that money be borrowed on
their account and loaned to them, while he himself
stands there at the same time as head of the legal
firm which act as solicitors for the very company for
which he is pleading.
"These are circumstances and facts which I ask
the general public to consider when they are asked to
give their approval to the Government which is going
to lend six million dollars���which will mean nearer
eight million to the people of British Columbia- to this
"It is for the people to protest, and protest vigorously, that no more money shall go after that which
we have already paid until we have had a close seriating into past expenditui-e and hedged future outlay in
this connection about so surely that even the Attorney-
General cannot break through the safeguards,"
As Mr. Brewster pointed out in committee, the
Bowser Prohibition Bill evidently doesn't contemplate
having British Columbia take advantage of the recent
Dominion legislation prohibiting the importation and
exportation of intoxicating liquors in the case of Provinces that adopt prohibitory enactments. The Bowser
Bill expressly permits the manufacture, exportation,
and importation of liquor. As the preamble recites, it
is a measure for "prohibiting Provincial transactions
in liquor" alone.
Alas and alack ! "The best laid schemes of mice
and men aft gang agley!" The Bowser mousery has
been turned topsy-turvey, in so far as the South Vancouver nomination is concerned, by the high court of
the Methodist Church, sitting in Annual Conference,
last week, decreeing that Rev. Mr. Boulton, who lately
accepted the Conservative nomination of South Van
couver (after it had been held down a spell by C.
Stuart Campbell), is to be removed to another scene of
ministerial duties, to wit Rossland. Possibly, the
church authorities, having in mind the good old copy
book motto, that "evil communications corrupt good
manners," are determined to save Rev. Mr. Boulton
from himself and���Bowser!
Nozzles &
' Reliable" Hose,   50
ft.   with   nozzle $4
Warranted Hose  10c
to 15c per foot
Sprinklers,   $1.25  to
$3.25 each
Nozzles,   50c  to  60c
Couplings,     Clamps,
Menders  & Washers
Hose Reels and Carriers
ANDERSON & LUSBY, .684 Columbia St
Royal City Pork Butchers
737 Columbia St. 309 Sixth St.
Wholesale and Retail Dealers in All Kinds of
Fresh    and     Home   Cured   Meats,
PorK Pies,   BlacK and   White
Pudding's,   Ayrshire   Bacon, Cambridge PorK
All Kinds of Farm Produce Bought for Cash
Phone 219
Pioneer Furniture  Dealer
and Undertaker
Is Doing Business as Usual at the Old Stand
New Westminster, B. C.
fjjP Fair Dealing, Goods of  Quality  at  Right  Prices.
 Phone 176	
Friday and Saturday
..Marguerite Clark..
In her big Famous Player Feature
Note���Friday is 131st Battalion Ladies'
Aid Day.   6-Piece Orchestra and
Other Added Attractions
Monday & Tuesday
"Madame X"
The Startling Stage Sensation
J. J. JoNKS, Man.-Dir.        J. A. Rennik, Sec.-Tres.
Acts as Assignees, Liquidators and Receivers.
Agents for the Sale of Real Estate.
House and Property Agents.
Insurance in all its Branches in Standard Companies.
Safety Deposit Boxes for Rent, $2.50 and up per annum.
Agent for the Canada Life Assurance Company.
We act as Executor and Trustee under Wills, and  we  will   be
pleased to advise and assist you in drawing up your Will.
Westminster Trust Company 51
New Wesfminster, B.C.,  June 2. 1916
Page  3
Illustrated talks on prohibition were
given on Friday and Saturday evenings
to good houses by J. W. Bengough.
Your friends can buy any thing you
can give them���except your photograph.
Hurndall does fine work at 624 Columbia
St.      Phone 125R.
Five Acre Lot in Surrey, splendid
land, easily cleared. Only j!S0 per acre.
Easy terms. II. H. Lennle, 657 Columbia st., over Johnston's Shoe Store, New
Westminster, B. C. *
The Gosden perjury trial came on at
Victoria yestsrdav, before Mr. Justice
Murphy, with yv. C. Moresby for the
Crown. It was expected to take about
two days.
Mr. Robert Stephen, a member of tbe
Duke of Conuaught High School teaching staff, has resigned his position to enlist for active service with an overseas
At the annual session of the Provincial
Educational Club, held iu Columbian
College, last Friday, Mrs. C. A. Welsh
was elected president and Mrs. Or. Sip-
prell first vice-president.
What is described as the greatest effort
against Verdun, extending over a three
mile front and lasting for three days,
May 27-30, has ended in fearful losses to
the Germans and the French recapturing
lost ground.
The City Council, at its last meeting,
confirmed the appointment of Dr. G. T.
Wilson as medical health officer and city
bacteriologist, vice Dr. A. L. McQuarrie,
who is leaving with the 121st Battalion
as medical officer.
It is reported that a company has been
formed to take over the plant and yards
of the Coquitlam Shipbuilding Company
and that preparations will be made to
resume the industry of building wooden
ocean-going vessels on  the Pitt River.
Carranza, in a 12,000 word note, has
demanded that U. S. troops get out of
Mexico. President Wilson got the note
translated and is on the job of answering
ingf. ft was thought at Washington Carranza was bluffing, for political purposes
���they know how it goes.
Arrangements have been made for
girls' swimming classes in the Y. M. C.
A. tank one day per week throughout
the summer, commencing June 7. Applications to join this class should be
made through Mrs. E. A. Tubman, secretary of the Y.W.C.A.
Mr. J. E. Brown has donated a cup
for the player with the best batting average in the City Baseball League for this
season. Three other trophies in this
league are the championship cup, for the
greatest number of home runs and for
the greatest number of stolen bases.
We are etill doing businooo at thp
old stand. If there is anything wu
can do for you in the plumbing, heating or sheet metal line, 'phone 58 6..
Mannering & MacKenzie will give
your needs their immediate attention. *
Struck on the head by a swinging log
which was being hoisted, Fred. Runge,
hooktender at the Hazelmere logging
camp of the Campbell River Lumber
Co., near White Rock, was instantly
killed last Saturday. The deceased was
35 years of age and leaves a wife aud
one child at Blaine, Wash.
Mr. Henri Aubeuau, lessee of the
Hotel Russell, has made an assignment
to Mr. A. IS Kellington, who has been
acting as manager of the hotel for some
time. At a meeting of the creditors,
Monday, tentative arrangements were
made to continue the operation of the
hotel under the direction of Mr. Kellington.
The remains of the late Mrs. George
Yeomans, of Deroche, B.C-, who died at
the Royal Columbian Hospital, on Friday, were sent to Mission, and the
funeral took place from that point on
Sunday. The deceased was 63 years of
age and was born in Ontario. Her husband aud one daughter reside at Deroche .
The marriage took place on May 23 at
the home of the bride's parents, Port
Moody, of Miss Esther Alice Rhodes,
daughter of John Lindle Rhodes, Esq.,
and Mr. Frank Salt, son of Mr George
Salt, of New Westminster. Rev. E. C.
W. MacCollofSt. Andrew's Presbyterian Church, Port Moody, officiated. Mr.
and Mrs. Salt will make their home in
New Westminster.
At a crowded and enthusiastic meeting
of the retail clerks of this city, held iu
the Board of Trade rooms, Tuesday
night, plans were made for, the forthcoming campaign in connection with the
voting on the weekly half-holiday bill to
be submitted by the Provincial Government to the cities of New Westminster,
Vancouver nnd Victoria, on June 14
The Methodist Conference, which concluded a busy and important session in
Vancouver, yesterday, had under earnest
consideration, among other questions,
the continuance or discontinuance of
Columbian College, this city, on account
of financial stringency, and the decision
was practically unanimous that this long
established educational institution should
be maintained.J
The Westminster Marine Railway Co.
and the Star Shipyards at Queensboro in
this city have been asked by Messrs.
Price, Brown & Johnston, representing
eastern capital, to tender on the construction of two or more auxiliary schooners. The vessels required are five-masted schooners, 225 feet long, forty feet
beam and twenty feet deep, with a carrying capacity of a million and a half
Mr. and Mrs. Wm. Battson, this city,
received news, last Saturday, of the
deatii bv drowning, the day before, of
their son Frank II. E. Battson, at Des
Moines, Iowa, where he was studying
for the ministry at Drake University.
The young man, who was formerly on
the news staff of the Columbian, this city,
was in his twenty-first year. He was
drowned while attempting to save
, By a vote of 4 to 2 the School Board
has decided to make no reductions in
school teachers' salaries this year.
George Digby, electrician at the plant
of the Canadian Western Lumber Company, Fraser Mills, was drowned in the
river there, about 1 o'clock Tuesday
evening, having apparently slipped off a
log when attempting to cross a boom,
with a heavy block and chain tackle
slung over his shoulders. His dog was
observed running wildly about, and the
bod}' was recovered about an hour afterwards. The late Mr. Digby was about
forty vears of age and married, but had
no children. He was a native son of
New Westminster, his father being the
late Charles Digby, of the Royal Engineers.
Flight Sub-Lieutenant Stanley V.
Trapp, Royal Naval Air Service, writing
to relatives in this city from Chingford,
Eng., tells of an exciting experience he
had recently when making a flight from
Hen don. Everything went lovely until
on the return trip, about twelve miles
from home, his motor ' 'started to quit.''
"Fortunately," he says, "I was about
7,000 feet high, and by nursing the motor along managed to glide down into the
aerodrome. I felt rather shaky for a
few minutes away up in the heavens, as
it looked as though I'd have to make a
forced landing when I was well in sight
of home,"
Two Death Sentences. ,
The jury in the trial of Chong Li, the
Chinaman charged with the murder of
Ying Hop at Sumas Landing, last December, returned a verdict of guilty,
Friday afternoon last. Mr. Justice Macdonald pronounced the death sentence,
the hanging to take place on July 13th.
Rocco Ferrante, the self - confessed
murderer of Nick Forcale, a fellow workman at the Vedder Mountain station of
the B.C.E.R., was found guilty by the
jury, Tuesday, after being out only a
few minutes. Mr. Justice Macdonald
pronounced the death sentence, setting
August 15 as the the date of the hanging.
A Costly Fire Bug.
Recalling the great Sunday fire of
June 13, 1886, which swept the young
Vancouver of that day out of existence,
the Terminal City had a most serious
waterfront conflagration last Sunday,
which destroyed the Alberta Pacific Grain
Company's premises, including an elevator with 90,000 bushels of wheat, and
practically destroyed the huge plant of
the New England Fish Company. The
total loss is estimated at well over half
a million dollars, and 500 men were
thrown out of employment. No time,
it is announced, will be lost in rebuilding.
A sensational sequel to the big conflagration was the arrest of Abe Craib, an
eighteen year old youth, at South Vancouver, Tuesday afternoon, after a confession that he had started last Sunday's
fire and several other recent smaller fires.
"I love fires," he said, "I love to see
the fire wagons go whirling past."
Death of A. E. McColl.
The death, at the Royal Columbian
Hospital, Sunday morning, at the early
age of twenty-eight years, of Angus E.
McColl, of the firm of Corbould, Grant
& McColl, aud son of the late Chief Justice MlOoII, came as a shock to the
many friends of the well known and
popular young barrister aud native son,
whose mother, Mrs. A. J. McColl, predeceased him so lately as February last.
He leaves one brother, Mr. A. S. McColl, of the Dominion Immigration service.
A large number of the members of the
legal profession in this city attended the
funeral, Tuesday morning, Rev. Canon
d'Easum conducting the service at Holy
Trinity Cathedral. Members of Post
No. 4 Native Sons of British Columbia
attended in a body. The pall bearers
were Messrs. G. D. Brymner, Roy English, J. J. Cambridge, H. L- Edmonds,
G. E- Corbould and J. R. Grant.
Valuator    Money to Loan    Farms
for Sale
Notary Public
Guichon Block, Columbia aud MeKenzie Sts.,    NEW WESTMINSTER
ifoyal City Laundry
We make a special rate
Family   Washing
Deliveries both ways
Klectric.   Ironing and every
modern appliance
Phone 183.      814 Royal Ave.
Timber Lauds at Ottawa, entering a vigorous protest against permitting any
logging operations on the reserve around
Coquitlam Lake, the source of the city's
water supply.
Prorogation and Election.
The thirteenth Legislature of British
Columbia was formally prorogued Wednesday evening at nine o'clock, about
three hours before it would have died a
second time this session���the first date
being March 14, when an extension to
June 1st was taken.
One of the last acts of the expiring
House was to receive reports from the
select "plugging", and "blind pig"
committees ��� Vancouver and Victoria
respectively���which were the reverse of
"select" in the kind of company they
courted. These reports, of course, "put
it over" the Liberals aud dealt tenderly
with the Conservatives���but the people
are to be heard from yet.
Just when the people will get their
chance, Premier Bowser wouldn't say.
He caused a minute of Council to be
passed, Wednesday, however, fixing
July 5 as the date for the issue of the
election writs, and, allowing a week or
two after that for nomination and six
weeks, already decreed, for polling,
would make election day fall about the
end of August or first of September.
Citv  Market.
To-day's market was a good average
one in all lines, and was characterized
by an especially full supply of meats, especially veal and pork, which sold readily at: Veal (according to quality;, 12c
to 18c wholesale; pork (light), 12c to
14c, (heavy), 8c to lie. Young pigs,
live, of which there were a few on the
market, brought from $4 to $6 each. A
fair showing of poultry was in evidence,
and spring chickens brought 22c to 28c
per lb. Eggs ranged at 28c to 30c wholesale and 35c retail. Potatoes still registered no demand.
James J. Hill, the great railway magnate, whose name has been a household
word throughout the United States and
Canada for a duarter of a century at
least, passed away, at his home in St.
Paul, Minn., Monday last, at the age
of seventy-eight, following a serious
Mr. Brewster, Liberal leader! had a
writ served on Premier Bowser, in the
.Supreme Court, charging him with violation of the law in paying moneys to
P.G.E. contrary to statutory enactment,
and also calling in question legality of
extension of Legislature last March.
City Municipal Matters.
At the City Council meettng, Monday
evening, the by-law fixing this year's
tax rate at 22 mills was finally passed.
The completed estimates show estimated
expenditures as $717,560 and estimated
receipts $714,560. The annual loan bylaw authorizing the borrowing of $330,-
851'to provide for current expenses pending the receipt of this year's taxes was
given its first reading.
The City Council instructed the Health
Committee to investigate complaints
from city dairies regarding people selling
milk from two or three cows which they
keep in the city. The dairies complained
that this was not fair, as they were compelled to operate under heavy loss last
winter and now had to face new competition which did not comply with city
The Council approved a letter drafted
by the City Solicitor to the Controller of
The People's
Main Store     -     193 and 194
Sapperton branch       -      373
West End branch      - ^     650
Three Big Stores
of Plenty
While fresh fruit is scarce
use JAM.
Empress' pure jams in 1���lb.
Plum Greengage, Apricot,
Gooseberry, etc., per jar.������ 25c
Aylum or Wagstaffe's Strawberry Jam, 1-11). jars 30c
Empress pure jams in 4-lb.
tins.    Per tin 75c
Robertson's or Wagstaffe's
Strawberry or Black Currant
Jam, 4-lb.  tins 75c
Climax Compound Jams, in
4-lb. tins, including'Peach,
Apricot, Strawberry, Plum,
Raspberry, etc., per tin 50c
"Five Roses"
Attractive   Silk   Mixture
Sport Coats
Cap and Coat to match on white ground with colored stripes. 5
In shades of Rose, Canary Paddv, Saxe, and Black. Made with '��
belt.    Sizes 34 to 42. |
I     Plenty of Wash Attire for    !
the Kiddies 85c and up      $
If you want to see how far a little money will  go   towards   the   J
dressing of your   boys and girls, let us show you these pretty
little frocks:
Black Suits for Boys. Blouses and
Trousers, 2 to 6 years, 85c
I Children's Rompers in goodly selec-
I tions, 45c to $1.50
| Girls'  Middy  Dresses and  other $
|     pretty little frocks at 85c to $4    !
at prices that   are   RIGHT
Quality, Quantity and Service  is  our
Phones:   150-732
Belyea & Company, Ltd.
827 Carnarvon Street
Special sale of Ladies' Trimmed Millinery Friday and Saturday. Regular
$5.00 for $3.50. These are exceptionally jjood value.
McLeod Block
James & McCIughan
Auto Tires & Accessories
New Westminster, B. C.
Phone 302
New    Wellington,
Lump, Nut, pea
and SlacK
Foot Sixth St. Phone 105
Welding and Brazing
Auto and Motor Boat Supplies and Fittings
First Class Machine Work
New Westminster
Phone 275       724 Front St
Phones 15 and 16 *
-Dealers   in-
���1;   Crushed Rock, Sand and Gravel, Lime,   Cement, Plas-
% ter, Drain Tile, Etc.
��   Forge, House, and  Steam  Coal.     Agricultural  Lime
902  Columbia   Street
New Westminster, B. C.
*   ���      ^M$MgM(M$<(N|H{H��l0MfM>4HfMgM^*4{MQ^
Quality Flour made of best
selected Manitoba hard wheat,
per 49-lb.  sack $1.75
Lime and Sulphur Spray. Blue Stone.
Whale Oil Soap, Etc., at
Ryall's Drug' Store
Phone 57.
701 Columbia Street
��<�����������*�������������������������*�������������������}>����� ?�������������������������'�������������������������������*����������������������������������������������������������������������������������<' Page 4
New-Westminister, B.C., June 2, 1916 *
New Bowser Loan Bill Keenly Criticised by Opposition���Fixing the Election
Laws-Government Mutiny on Prohibition Bill.
When the House resumed on Monday,
May 22, Mr. Brewster, who had moved
the adjournment of the debate on the
$10,000,000 loan bill, the second reading
of which had been moved by Premier
Bowser on Friday, made an unanswerable arraignment of the measure and of
the Government's financial mismanagement generally, coupled with deliberate
deception of the people in regard to the
true financial condition of the Province.
As the subfect is of prime importance to
the public, an extended report of the
��� speech is reproduced on another page.
No one on the Government side replied to Mr. Brewster's telling criticism
of the loan bill, notwithstanding the importance of the measure. Itf fact, with
the exception of Premier Bowser's introductory remarks on the second reading,
no Governmeht speaker took part in the
Parker Willie ms Follows.
The debate was continued by Parker
Williams, another Opposition member,
who recalled that, in the case of the P.
G. E. especially, in whose interest the
larger part of this loan was being made,
the House was told by Premier Bowesr,
a few years ago, what strong men the
Province was making a bargain with.
But the strong man's strength was
quickly passed. No sooner did these
strong men get the Province into a weak
position than their own strength became
weakness. Two years after they had
been lauded as strong men. they were
only saved from the bankruptcy court
and the poorhouse, according to the Premier, by his breaking the law, becoming
a law unto himself, and'giving them
about six million dollars more than they
were entitled to. Eren that did not save
these multi-millionaires from danger of
further disaster, and thev were now
begging for a loan of six million dollars
to tide them over for a while longer.
The contractor for the road was one of
the owners, pointtd out .Mr. Williams,
and not only had they got the Government to pay for the construction of the
line, but this individual had made a tidy
sum out of it. The prices charged by Pat
Welch on a contract which was let to
him without tenders being called was
scandalous. The P.CJ.K. affairs had got
into such a pass that, if there were no
other reason for a change of Government, it constituted one.
Referring to the Premier's recapitulation of the Province's assets, Mr. Williams pointed out how the natural resources had been allowed to slip out of
control of the people. The Province's
quarter-interest iu one hundred and
fifty townsites was scoffed at as any real
asset. The railway townsite swindle, he
said, had been worked by some of "the
most unscrupulous skates that ever cursed B. C," and the Government's interest had given these exploitations a stability which they did not possess.
Macdonald Scores Bill.
M. A. Macdonald reminded the House
that the Premier had had to go back to
1903 to get a set of figures which would
show some sort of favorable br lance
sheet, fictitious as this was. The serious
feature in connection with the financial
situation was that, in the past four or
five years, no genuine attempts at retrenchment had been made. With no
increase in the population, there had
been an enormous increase in the public
debt. The last four years accounted for
about twenty millions of the indebtedness, which would now be $30,000,000, a
terrible load for a Province like' this to
have to carry.
There was no guarantee, pointed out
Mr. Macdonald, that the six millions
now to be loaned would go into the construction of the road. The amount the
company had named to pay themselves
for the building of their own road was
not its actual cost; that actual cost was
the amount paid to the sub-contractors
who actually built the line. 'I here was
no undertaking in the bill thaf part of
these six millions would not go into construction profits. What balance was left
of the new loan after meeting the demands of the Pacific Great Eastern
would go the same way. But the loan
would not even meet the purpose which
it was intended to meet, the completion
oftheP.G.E. to Fort George,, if the
House took the figures of the Government engineer.
A great deal, said Mr Macdonald, was
made by the Premier of the security the
Province was getting. Bnt of what
value was the forty-nine per cent, of P.
G. E. stock? It could only represent
what the owners themselves put into the
road, and that was practically nothing at
all. If their personal covenant was any
good, why was it not made use of by
them to obtain funds to complete their
road themselves. If the Province was
to get forty-nine per cent, of the stock,
why not fifty-one per cent, and so have
Provincial control of the road.
The second reading was carrie'd by the
usual Government majority, without a
word from any one in reply to the Opposition criticisms.
Fixing the Election Laws.
Elections and election laws figured
prominently in the proceedings of the
House at the afternoon and evening sessions of Tuesuay, May 23rd. These were
the Votes for Women Bill, the referendum measures providing for the referring
of the prohibition and suffrage measures
to the electorate, and amendments to
the Provincial Elections Act which are
necessary to put off the polling day to
such a time after the candidates are
nominated as will permit of the taking
of the votes of the soldiers at the front
and anywhere in Europe, Africa or on
the North American continent.
Ordinarily, the electors know who are
elected fourteen davs after the candidates are nominated in a geuer.il elec
tion. Not so this time. Six wee!<s after
the nomination day they will think they
know, but it will not be for at least
eleven weeks- probably twelve ��� that
they will get the news of who actually is
elected.   For weeks at a time the ballots
will be at the mercy of practically anyone, and as there will have to be an unlimited supply of ballots for every one
of the thirty-nine constituencies sent to
every point where there is a camp, a
hospital or a unit, it can be seen what
chances there are for tampering with
the result. The result in the Province
will be known for five weeks before the
result of the vote in the trenches and
camps is commenced to be counted. The
provision for the vote of the men overseas applies only to soldiers. The men
of the navy and munition workers are
left out, but as an offset to this evervone
in the military from the drummer boy
up can vote.
Prohibition and Compensation.
The House did not sit, of course, on
the 24th���Victoria Day-��-but resumed for
the transaction of business on Thursday,
May 25th, when the piece de resistance
was Premier Bowaer's long promised,
but delayed to the eleventh hour, Prohibition Bill. In a preamble giving an
historical review of liquor legislation
since 1909, Premier Bowser adroitly led
up to the rather stunning declaration to
the many prohibitionists in the gallery
that it was the intention of the Government, "in the event that prohibition
carried," to go into the question of com-_
pen Ration, for he "admitted that the
people in the liquor business hail a
grievance." If the referendum carried,
he said, an investigation of the compensation question would be made by a
Royal Commission of three judges, with
one representatiye from the liquor interests and one from the proaibitionists.
Speaking particularly to the Prohibition Bill, Premier Bowser said he had
fashioned it after the Hugh John Macdonald Act of Manitoba, but this Act
would be more effective. In B. C. the
Government would be the official vendor
instead of druggists, and the vendors
would be under tlie direct supervision
of the Provincial police, who themselves
also would be vendors. 'He promised
the Government would not try to make
a large profit. Under the bill, he declared, a person could import all the
liquor he wanted for his own use in his
own home and it was not the object of
the Government to interfere with personal liberty to the extent of stopping
one from drinking on one's own premises
if he so chose. Brewers and distillers
could manufacture as usual for export,
but not for use within the Province.
At the evening session on Thursday,
Mr. Brewster, Liberal leader, expressed
his satisfaction with the fact that the
principle of the referendum was to be
used in connection with the prohibition
question, and declared that] this was a
Liberal principle under which the question would have been submitted to the
people. He did not think the measure
was stringent enough, though apparently satisfactory to the prohibition advocates. He thought that prohibition
should be made prohibitive by restricting
the importation of liquor into the Province. He twitted the Premier with having all along catered to the liquor vote
and having suddenly changed his attitude when that vote did not prove
strong enough to support him in the by-
By way of implementing the Premier's
declaration of the intention of the Government to provide for compensation,
H. B. Thompson (Victoria), Conservative whip, introduced an amendment
providing for the appointment' of the
promised Royal Commission on compensation, within thirty days of Uie passage
of the referendum on prohibition, if carried, and further providing that, "If
the finding by majority vote of such
commission is that compensation should
be paid, such commission will report as
to whom and to what amount compensation shall be paid."
Bowser Grilled by Supporters.
The sittings of Friday, May 26, both
afternoon and evening, were taken up
until after midnight by a determined
filibuster made against the Prohibition
Bill, in committee, by a comparatively
small coterie of mutinous Government
supporters, embracing Pooley (Esquimau), Thomson (Victoria), Maclean
(Nelson), Forster (Columbia) and Caven
(Cranbrook.) The insurgents introduced
numerous troublesome amendments and
made things particularly unpleasant for
the Premier, who was termed a "steamroller," was informed at one stage that
"he ought to be ashamed of himself,"
and his prohibition bill was denounced
as an amateur piece of work, unfair, un-
British, a vote-catcher, and other uncomplimentary things.
Toward the close of the razzle-dazzle,
by which time the harried Premier's
temper was worn nearly to a frazzle, Mr.
Brewster, Liberal leader, made a telling
contribution to the discussion, He had
abstained, he said, from discussion in
committee because the bill had to go before the people anil the prohibition people semmed to he satisfied with it. He condemned the onus of the proof upon the
accused section as un-Rritish. The prohibitionists, to his surprise, had not gone
in for real prohibition bv taking advantage of the Doherty (Dominion) law,
but were allowing inter-provincial liquor
At 12:45 a.m. the bill was reported
from committee and stood for third reading.
Roasted and Whitewashed.
With the life of the Legislature drawing to a close, and a congestion of business yet to clear off, the House sat on
Saturday last week, both afternoon^-and
evening, the afternoon session being almost wholly devoted to a continuation of
the grilling of Premier Bowser, in committee, on the Prohibition Bill, by his
own recalcitrous supporters, who could
not take the sharp curve with Maclean,
of Nelson, was particularly caustic, likening the Premier "flop" on the prohibition question to the antics of the ,
tufnbler pigeon as it rolled over and
over from the roof.
The whitewashing report ol the Public
Accounts Committee and the discussion
of a motion for its adoption occupied the
evening session until the clock pointed
to midnight, and the House had to adjourn to avoid encroaching on the hours
of Sunday,
Seal of Alberta
Is a high grade flour guaranteed
to give ypu absolute satisfaction.
49-lb. has $1.70
Canned Blackberries (California), large tins. Regular 35c
for  20c
White Swan Cleanser, large pkg.
2 for 15c
Pearline makes washing easy.
By taking advantage of this offer
you get 1-4 more Pearline than
you would in a 25c package. 5
ten-cent packages for  25c
Stuffed Chicken, per tin 25c
Macaroni, 3 pkgs  25c
Marmalade, 4-lb. tin 55c
Welch's Grape Juice, bottle
 10, 25,,50c and $100
Assorted Biscuits, per lb 20c
Coffee, special blend, good value, per lb  25c
Dyson's Sweet Pickles, reg. 30c,
for 25c
Buchanan's Jams, regular 25c,
per jar ..20c
Rolled Oats, 6-lb. bag ..25c
Model Grocery
Matheson & Jacobson
308 Sixth St. Phone 1001-2
East Burnaby, 2nd St. Phone 598
Edmonds, Gray Block Phone 1111L
Sapperton, Guhr Block Phone 1012
Now in Stock
Paton'sRose Wheeling, Canadian 3-ply Wheeling, Bonworth Fingering, Scotch Fingering, Saxony and Baldwin's Beehive Wools. A
splendid range of khaki, grey, white, black and other colors.
Special discounts to knitting clubs, church societies. Let us quote
you prices on any quantity needed.
New Shipment of New White Felt
Hats at $1.00 Each
White Felt Hats in sizes'. 6 3-8 to 7 3-4, suitable for girls' and women's outing wear. The first lot sold speedily with many demands
for more which can now be met in our Millinery Department.
Each $1-00
50 Dozen Swiss Handkerchiefs
25c Each
An assortment of fine Sv^iss Handkerchiefs with narrow lace edges,
embroidered corners and sides, narrow hemstitching. Regular
value up to 50c     A special mid-season  offer, each' 25C
W. S. Gollister & Co.
The Store  for Women's Wear
P. O. Box 933
Westminster  Iron  Works
JOHN   REID,   Proprietor
General Machine1 Work, Engineering and
Manufacturers o,   Structural and Ornamental Ironwork
Office and  Works:
New Westminster, B. C.
Garden Hose
8c to 18c per ft.
. Nozzle free with 50-foot length
Watering Pots
Lawn Sprinklers
Lawn Mowers
Screen Doors and
Screen Windows
T. J. TRAPP & CO., Ltd,
Store 59      Office 196
Machinery  and   Auto  Dept.   691
We write Fire, Life, Accident, Plate Glass, Automobile, and Livestock
 Insuraw "	
Our Companies'  Assets Exceed $650,000,000
See Us for Rates
Wm. McAdum
Real Estate & Insurance Broker
Phone 498 Box 801
Room 1, Hart Block
New  Westminster,  B. C.
Some doughuts seem to be
made to wear, but Grant's
doughnuts are made to eat.
Af brown as ripe berries in-
sit ?, and solid and mealy
when you break through.
Per doz. 15 cts.
Baked in the bakery on   Columbia, cor. of Begbie
Big Triangle Feature Friday and Saturday
Iully Marshall and Thomas Jefferson
On the same bill is a Keystone Comedy entitled
"His Father's Footsteps,"  starring  Ford Sterling


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