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The Pacific Canadian Feb 2, 1917

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Array Provincial Library,   Victoria,  IB       ^j
THE   PACIFIC
_, ^ -. ..
Weekly News Digest and Journal of  Observation and Comment.
Vol. i
NEW WESTMINSTER, B. C, FRIDAY-, Feb. 2,  1917.
Number 48
THE DORCHESTER ELECTION.
What is described as "one of the most hittter
political contests ever witnessed in a Dominion by-
election." took place in Dorchester County, Quebec.
last week, and resulted, on Saturday, in the return of
Hon. Albert Sevigny, fromer Speaker of the House
of Commons, who sought and thus obtained, by a
somewhat reduced majority, the approval of his constituents of his acceptance of the portfolio of Inland
Revenue in the Borden Government, vacated owing to
other Cabinet changes following the recent death of
Hon. T. Chase Casgrain, Postmaster-General.
The Minister of Inland Revenue was opposed by
Mr. Lucien Cannon, a Liberal member of the Quebec
Legislature for the county, who resigned his seat in
the Provincial Assembly for the purpose of opposing
Hon. Mr. Sevigny. The contest would appear to have
been of much more personal and local concern than
political interest and significance in a Dominion sense,
though a section of the Conservative press has tried
to read political significance and importance into the
fact that the Minister won���a rule to which there are
not many exceptions in Canadian by-elections���by a
majority of about 250 over his Liberal opponent, something like 80 less than his majority in the general
election of 1911. The significance, if any, is further
lessened by the fact that Dorchester has a record as
a Conservative stronghold.
But, beyond the effort to extract ordinary political
capital out of the result, there has been the habitual
Conservative attempt, in the English speaking part of
Canada, at any rate, to make it appear that the Government candidate stood for loyalty and the Liberal
candidate for disloyalty to the Empire���a pretty hard
proposition to prove, seeing that Mr. Sevigny was
elected as a Nationalist supporter of the Conservative
party in the last general election, and that Mr. Cannon
has been a supporter of the Gouin Liberal Government
of Quebec, which has demonstrated its loyalty, no less
than the Nationalists of the Bourassa school, in league
with the Dominion Conservative party, have given
voluble and practical evidence of the contrary. Misrepresentation, however, it would appear, was freely
called in to aid in the difficult task (our Conservative
friends could not be expected to stop for a little matter
like that), and Mr. Cannon had the courage to correct,
as follows, some of the misstatements and distortions
with regard to his utterances and platform which appeared in an eastern Conservative newspaper:
"Your report of my speech in Dorchester is greatly
misleading. I understand you are obeying the order
of your bosses in a vile attempt to divide the Liberals
and create ill-feeling between both races in this country, when a united effort is necessary. My programme
as expounded to my electors is as follows :
"1. I am proud to be a British subject, and wish to
remain so.
"2. I believe that Canada should give to the Mother
Country all possible help in money and men, but most
strenuously object to being robbed, as we were at Val-
cartier, and I do not think, moreover, with Lord Shaughnessy, that our country should be drained of all her
manhood and resources.
"3. I am opposed to conscription, especially if it
should commence in Quebec, as suggested by Sir Sam
Hughes, when Minister of Militia. Vancouver, Winnipeg, and many other cities think as I do in this respect.
"4. I think the Government should ascertain the
available resources of the country in men and wealth,
but believe that the National Service cards are badly
worded, and not the best means to attain the object in
view.
"I believe the present Federal Administration corrupt and incompetent to deal with the problems we
now face, and opportunity should be given to the electors to express their views.
"6. A change of Government here will be for
the good of the country, as it has been in England,
France, Russia and all other countries now fighting,
because, in such a crisis, the Government should at all
time's possess the full confidence of the country."
Certainly, Mr. Cannon is not a Nationalist���that is
not their brand of talk. We can only hope that Hon.
Albert Sevigny, with his Nationalism tempered, as it
would appear, by office, may be able sincerely to maintain, for whatever time the fates may vouchsafe him
the enjoyment of his place and emolument, principles
as good as those of his opponent in the recent by-election.
In the opening of the debate on the address in reply to the speech from the throne, at Ottawa, last
week, Sir Wilfrid Laurier offered an adjournment of
the House to enable Sir Robert Borden to leave early
this month to attend the Imperial War Cabinet sessions in London. If the Government would postpone
all controversial measures, the Opposition, said Sir
Wilfrid, would pass a war vote and interim supply bill.
Sir Robert thanked the leader of the Opposition for his
suggestion of an adjournment, and said it would probably be accepted, as a call to the Imperial Conference
could not be declined.
"THE   BONNE ENTENTE."
In contradistinction to the mistaken and unpatriotic
disposition of a certain political party in Canada to set
one race and section against another and misrepresent
each to the other if need be���that is, if political exigencies demand- is is pleasing and hopeful to be able to
note the inauguration of an organized effort to do just
the contrary���to break down prejudice and misunderstanding and promote good understanding and good
feeling between the two great racial divisions and sections that constitute Canada.
This beneficial and patriotic movement originated,
or materialized at least, it would appear, in a suggestion made, last summer, bv Mr. J. M. Godfrey, of Toronto, that a good purpose would be served if a delegation of representative Ontario men were to visit
Quebec and thus ascertain the chances of a more
friendly feeling being developed. Such a visit was
carried out in October. The Ontario representatives
met with a most cordial reception, and a return visit
was arranged for. Early last month, this return visit
was made, and the men from Quebec were entertained
at Toronto, Hamilton, and Niagara Falls. The best
of feeling prevailed, and the unanimous opinion of all
who had to do with the affair was that a real step had
been taken in the promotion of a better understanding
between the two races. As a result, a permanent organization, to be known as "The Bonne Entente," was
formed, with Sir George Garneau, of Quebec, as chairman, and Mr. George M. Godfrey, of Toronto, as vice-
chairman.
At the dinner given to the visitors at the King Edward Hotel in Toronto, says an Eastern contemporary,
among many fine speeches, one of the best was made
by Mr. N. W. Rowell, leader of the Provincial Liberal
party of Ontario. One of Mr. Rowell's sentences in
particular is well worth remembering. "In a few
months," he said, the fiftieth anniversary of Confederation will he celebrated in Canada; could we celebrate it in any better way than by dropping the hyphen and saying we are all Canadians." With the
object lesson of what the hyphen has done for, or rather to. the kindred commonwealthno the south, Mr.
Rowell's suggestion is an inspiration that may well
become a national aspiration for Canada. Long live
"The Bonne Entente."
THE PROHIBITION BALLOT.
Though the official count has not yet been made and
declared in London of the supplementary overseas soldiers' vote on prohibition- that is, the vote on the
referendum, taken, according to special provisions by
the late Bowser Government, after the date of the
general election, Sept. 14, and up to Dec. 31st���enough
has leaked out with regard to this extra balloting to
cause advocates of prohibition to fear that the majority of over 5,000 obtained in the regular voting up to
Sept. 14 has been wiped out and the measure thus defeated.
The leaders of the prohibition movement in British
Columbia, from advices received from their agents
who were endeavoring to look after the prohibition interests in Europe while this long-strung-out balloting
was going on, have laid serious charges of irregularities and illegalities in regard to the taking of this vote
before the Provincial Government, with a request for
an investigation by a Royal Commission of the manner
of the taking of the vote and the conduct of Sir Richard McBride, Agent-General, in the matter, coupled
with a request that an auditor be appointed to attend
upon and check the counting of ballots in London and
report to the Provincial Secretary thereon, and that
an official stenographic report of all proceedings at the
counting be taken and transcribed.
These matters, in considerable detail, were laid before the Provincial Executive, on Friday last, in
camera, at the request of Jonathan Rogers, president
of the prohibition movement. The replies of Premier
Brewster and of Attorney-General Macdonald, how
ever, were given publicly. In his reply, Mr. Brewster
remarked that the Government had had representations from the Licensed Victuallers' Association, in
which they asked to know what charges had been
made and that they wished to bring in evidence in refutation. "This," added Mr. Brewster, "does not
change the situation or anything that we may decide
to do to safeguard tha^ precious thing, the ballot. *
* If there has been something wrong, then we
must take steps lo correct it. As to the investigation,
I am not sure that we have authority to go beyond the
Province, and even if it should be found that there
have been irregularities, I would think that it would
be ha1 d to inflict punishment, or to get any benefit
from it. This is a matter on which we expect to be
advised at an early date."
Mr. Brewster further, in his reply to  the  deputa-
HERE AND THERE
Experiments have been made for some time in the
making of paper from kelp (sea-weed) pulp. So successful have thev been that a'plant is being constructed
at San Diego, says an exchange, to go into the business extensively.
While other society girls were busily engaged in
sewing and knitting socks for soldiers, 18-year old Mav
Sutcliffe, a Berkeley (Calif.), high school girl, occupied her spare moments in making a pair of pink silk
pajamas for King George.
Captain R. A. Bartlett, navigator for Perry in his
dash to the North Pole in 1909, is having a vessel built
on the Pacific Coast for his polar trip of 1918. He
will be accompanied by Captain Amundsen, the discoverer of the South Pole. The new trip will be made
in the interests of science.
A French soldier who took part in the battle of the
Marne has been asleep for the past twenty-seven
months. His eyelids are closed, respiration is regular,
but the pulse is rapid. Doctors who have examined
him say that it is a case of hysterical lethargy and
that the patient will eventually waken and resume his
normal occupation.
Premier Brewster has picked out a good man to assist him in his reform of the civil service, Prof. Adam
Short, of Toronto. Between them they should be able
to evolve something that is an improvement on the old
patronage system. Nevertheless, our honored Prime
Minister has tackled a job that is beyond doubt one of
the most difficult to be imagined.���Trail News.
Interurban jitney licenses were increased as almost
the first official act of the new 1917 City Council. The
by-law was amended, making the licepse fees of motors plying between this city and Vancouver $50 per
year and $10 per year from this 'city to any other
point. An amendment _was also passed making it
compulsory for interurban jitneys to have their waiting
rooms on the ground floor.
Universal military service, as practised in the Republic of Switzerland, bears heavily upon none, because all share the weight of it. It is only at the very
beginning, before a young man has started his career,
that he is required in Switzerland to give up two
months of his time to military training. Thereafter
all that is required of him is the maintenance of his
marksmanship and participation in the annual training, which lasts for only one or two weeks.
tion, stated that he did not believe there was politics
in the demand made upon the Government for investigation, etc., since the deputation was composed of
gentlemen belonging to both political parties. Inasmuch as the counting of the ballots in London started
on February 1st and ended on the 7th inst., whatever
action was decided upon, he remarked, would have to
be almost immediate. He had already, he informed
the deputation, on account of very serious charges and
bitter complaints reaching him from France, cabled,
on Jan. 23rd, to the Agent-General, as follows, realizing that he had no authority to command him to do
this or that: "Reports of grave irregularities taking
of prohibition referendum reaching here daily. Anticipating investigations will be demanded, would suggest every care in counting ballots. If any poll suspicious, please keep separate, if possible, so as to pro-
lect all interests in case of recount.   Imperative."
Sir Richard McBride thus knows, continued Premier Brewster, the attitude of the Government as to
this vote, and concluded: "We believe in the protection and the safeguarding of the ballot. That is the
one thing that, must be kept as pure and undefiled as
possible. This Government will go as far as it can to
see that the will of the people is carried out and will
undertake to protect that ballot as far as possible and
to see that the people are not tricked out of their object, which was for a pure vote,"
Attorney-General Macdonald also made a brief reply to the delegation along the same lines. It would
appear, he said, that a prima facie case had been made
out, and a heavy burden was placed on those who
would say it had not. The Government, he added,
should take the strongest steps to see that, when the
vote is counted, it is counted under proper conditions.
A statement given to the press by the Attorney-General, on Monday, shows that the Government has
taken steps to comply with practically every request
of the prohibition deputation for safeguarding the
counting of the ballots and to check . any irregularities
that may have been committed, Page 2
THE PACIFIC CANADIAN
New WeetaiiiBter. B.C., Feb. 2, 1917
THE  PACIFIC   CANADIAN
Published every Friday from the Offices, 761 Caimrvon Street.
New Westminster, B. C, by the Pacific Canadian Pricing
& Publishing Co-, Ltd. ._���
ORO. KENNEDY,
Editor and Manager
Subscription Prices;���$1.00 per annum [in advance];   50c.   for six
months; 25c. for three months; 10c. per month;   5c per copv.
Advertising rates on   application
SERIOUS SANITARY SITUATION.
A correspondent who signs himself S. T. Mahon,
General Delivery, Vancouver, writing in a recent
number of the Vancouver Daily Sun, calls attention
to what he describes as "the unsanitary, overcrowded,
and generally unhealthy accommodation provided for
the workers in logging camps on the British Columbia
coast. There are generally," he goes on, "between
twenty and eighty men housed together, and the only
means of light and ventilation usually is by one small
window at the back end and another at the front
near the door." In this one, half-lighted, ill-ventilated room, where they must sleep, they have to dry
their clothes, too, when wet, by hanging them up
around the stove, and "you can imagine," says the
writer, "what the atmosphere must be like at times,
not only from the lack of air space, but also from the
steam from wet working garments."
This state of things, the writer shows, militates
against the employment of Anglo-Saxons in the lumbering business of the Province, as men of other
nationalities will stand for more intolerable conditions
as regards comfort, sanitation, etc., and are actually
given the preference on that account by some employers of such labor. Referring in this connection to
prospective large tourist traffic up the coast, Mr.
Mahon observes that' 'those awful dens called bunk-
houses and the general unsanitary appearance of the
majority of the camps along the coast will leave a very
unpleasant and lasting impression on the visitors."
The writer concludes by referring to Government
camp inspectors in other Provinces and States, but
declares that, while he has met game wardens and
fire wardens without number, he has never met any
appointed by the B. C. Government whose business it
was to look after the welfare of the men who work in
camps."
The concluding statement above is a very serious
one, if the implication is true, and a serious reflection
upon the late Government. The implication, however,
is not altogether true; far there are officers under the
Provincial Board of Health, termed Sanitary Inspectors, whose duties embrace just such work as the Sun
correspondent refers to as being done elsewhere by
Government camp inspectors. It is a remarkable fact,
though, and one the reverse of creditable to the late
Government, that the Chief Sanitary Inspector under
the Provincial Board of Health, our own townsman,
Mr. F. S. DeGrey, who has proved himself to be a
most efficient, conscientious, and capable official, has
been vainly urging upon the Government for years
the urgent need of a suitable power-boat being furnished the inspection branch of the Provincial Board
of Health, to enable this verv work of the sanitary
inspection of logging and other camps along the coast,
up the rivers, and among the islands to be adequately
and effectively done.
The very lucid and comprehensive report made by
Mr. DeGrey to the then head of the Department, Hon.
Dr. Young, Provincial Secretary, in 1913, which will
be found in the Sixteenth Annual Report of the Provincial Board of Health, contains a very striking corroboration of Mr. Mahon's complaints, in the following
sentences: "I regret to say that industrial camp
inspection, so far, has been sadly neglected, through
the lack of a suitable power-boat, and this in the face
of numerous and varied complaints and requests from
camps, mines, mills, etc., along our coast and islands.
It seems regrettable that * * * we have been
compelled, through lack of suitable conveyance, to
neglect the coa3t camps and rapidly developing industrial plants of kinds too numerous to mention, where
70 per cent, are British or American, and capable of
appreciating any efforts of this Department to improve
the sanitary conditions for the preservation and protection of life. * * * Radical sanitation reforms
are very much needed amongst the logging, mining,
pulp, lime, and various other fast-growing industrial
camps located chiefly along ou. coast line."
That was the situation in 1913, and every year since
Mr. DeGrey's reports show that he has been persistent
in urging upon the Government, so far without success,
the necessity of furnishing the power-boat required,
to enable this vitally important inspection work to be
adequately done. The late Government did not even
have the poor excuse; in such a case, of extra cost, to
justify their determined inaction; for Mr. DeGrey, in
the report above quoted from, says: "The operating
expense of a suitable boat would not exceed the cost
at present incurred in chartering and travelling per
steamer on cases of urgency and in investigating
specific charges." Now that we have a new Government at Victoria, pledged to reform and to economy
and efficiency all along the line, we may confidently
Home Shoe
Repairing
Cobbling Sets ���
containing all the
necessary tools
$1.00
Half Soles and
Heels, Shoe Nails
and Rivets
"Economy Begins  at
Home."
Anderson   (St  Lusby
634 Columbia St.
RoyalCity Pork Butchers
(KENNEDY   BROTHERS) ���
737 Columbia St. 309 Sixth St.
We make a specialty of Cooked Meats.     Our
Properly Cooked Hams, Veal Loaf, Etc.,
are in great demand.
NEW WESTMINSTER, B. C.
Phone 219
expect that this vitally important matter will be looked
into and attended to with the least possible delay.
����������������>��MHX^��<^0^^��<����iMiH>��<^,����<,����l����������������
PHONES  15 and 16
| GILLEY BROS.,1^
HERE AND THERE
Sir Wilfrid Laurier, in the debate on the address in
reply, last week, referred to the fact that Canada had
been particularly fortunate in the character of her
Governor-Generals. They had been men eminent in
character and ability. None of the Governor-Generals
on leaving our shores, he added, have been followed so
much with the blessing and respect of Canadians as
the Duke of Connaught. This was not due to his connection with the Royal Family, but to his devotion to
duty, simple, honest manners and democratic ways.
He referred to the fact that the Duchess of Devonshire had lived as a girl at Rideau Hall. She returned
now as lady of the manor. They offered her double
welcome for auld lang syne.
-Dealers in-
Crushed Rock, Sand and  Gravel,   Lime,   Cement. Plaster, Drain Tile. Etc.
Forge, House and Steam Coal.   Agricultural Lime
In order to augment the supply of labor in the fruit
growing districts of the Province, the Department of
Education, through the Minister of Education, Hon.
Dr. MacLean, has made arrangements to permit of the
senior classes in the public and high schools assisting
in the work of picking and packing fruit. This is a
temporary arrangement, and will, to a certain extent,
obviate the necessity of employing Orientals, and will
supply the shortage of labor due to the war. The pupils in these senior classes will not be required to return to school until October 1, the school time so lost
being partly made up by a shortening of the Christmas
and Easter holidays. A circular letter embodying these
changes will soon be issued by the Department.
902 Columbia Street
New Westminster, B. C.
organ, which is evidently dreaming of other days,
when its friend Hawthornthwaite, as a pretended Socialist, while feathering his own nest, helped Bowser
bunco the countrv, says "Jim" is a "live wire" (he
certainly sputtered like one) and that he is needed to
make a "great rattling of dry bones in the charnel
house of graft and exploitation," at Victoria. There
has been an election since that state of things existed
at James Bay, but the Federationist has evidently been
asleep and isn't vet awake.
The B. C. Federationist yearns to have ex-Comrade
Socialist-Conservative-Capitalist "Jim" Hawthornthwaite win a seat in the Provincial Legislature in the
approaching by-election to fill the vacancy created by
the resignation of Parker Williams.   The alleged labor
Germany's next step, after the Allies refused to
fall for her desperate and impudent peace bluff, was
what every one expected���the playing of her last
card, of unlimited and unmitigated frightfulness by
land, air, and sea���particularly the latter. Beginning Feb. 1 (yesterday), the submarine campaign is
to be pushed with an unrestrained ruthlessness-if
there are any degrees in that direction not yet taken
bv Germany���in the determination to starve Great
Britain and end the war in a few weeks. This amiable
intention has been communicated by the Kaiser, in a
note, to President Wilson, who has been practically
told to keep his people at home if they don't want to
be murdered. What will Wilson do about it? is one
question. Convoyed and armed merchantmen and
more vigorous pushing of the war, is Britain's answer.
THE   MERCHANTS   LIMITED
New Westminster, B. C.
One Week's Sale of Men's and
Boys' Clothing
COMMENCES  TO-DAY
It is advisable to shop early for these Special Bargains, in
Men's and Boys' Clothing, as these lines cannot be duplicated
MEN'S TWEED SUITS-Come in good, strong,
serviceable Canadian Tweeds; in the popular dark
colors; reliable workmanship; good fit assured; all
sizes; values to $10.00.    Reduced price $9.95
MEN'S FRE \CH WORSTED SUITS - Come
in stylish greys, browns and pin stripe effects;
workmanship in these suits is perfect; coats are
made from very smart models, with the new cut
lapel; values to $22.50.    Reduced price $14.95
EXTRA SPECIAL-Men's Wool Blue Serge Suits,
made from medium weight twill serge; fast indigo
blue; best quality linings; all sizes. We defy competition at this price  $14.95
MEN'S OVERCOATS-In best quality black
beaver; with or without velvet collar; jf length.
If you are wanting a coat for better wear, secure
one of these; reg. $22.50.   Reduced price $14.95
���������������������.���.-������-���������.������BaB&ia
MEN'S TWEED OVERCOATS-In greys and
browns with the popular convertible collar and
strap at the back; all sizes; regular $25. Reduced
price $16.95
MEN'S PARAMATTA RAINCOATS-Made by
the best British manufacturers: colors brown,
fawn, and grey; have storm collars and strap on
cuff; all seams are reinforced, cemented and sewn;
regular $12.50.    Reduced price $7.95
BOYS' TWEED AND WORSTED SUITS - The
famous Lion Brand mane; in the popular Norfolk
styles; have knife pleats and stiched on belts;
bloomers are full cut, with patent Governor fasteners; regular $8.00.   Sale price $4.95
Regular $8.50.   Sale price $5.95
Regular $10.00.    Sale price $6.45
BOYS' PARAMATTA RAINCOATS-The celebrated and reliable Felsprufe make; ages 6 to 16;
regular $7.00.    Reduced price $4.49
*���
1 \<\\
"New Westminster, B.C.., Feb..2,1917
THE PACIFIC CANADIAN
Pixel
LOCAL AND GENERAL.
These are all Kodak days, if you only
thought so. Hutndall tiie-Kodak Man
shows you how. Don't be afraid to
ask him. tc
Ou the recommendation of Fire Chief
Watson, Mr. R. Booth, a returned soldier, has been appointed driver for the
auto truck at No. 2 hall.
The body of the late Thomas Denton,
whose death occurred at the Royal Columbian Hospital, has been shipped for
burial to Victoria, where deceased's wife
lives.
Owing to the very frequent accidents
��� and the growing demand for Accident
and Health Insurance, W. B. Blane has
taken over the general agency for this
district of the Merchants' Casualty, of
Winnipeg. tc
Starting Monday forenoon, there was
a brief but violent snowstorm which considerably hampered street car service,
especially ou Sixth street. But the
company's officials soon ordered the
sweeper out aud by 2 o'clock everything
was running smoothly again.
Three basketball teams from the Duke
of Connaught High Sbhool defeated corresponding teams from King George
High School, Vancouver, Saturday evening at the Y.M.C.A. gymnasium. The
locals girls won 10 to 2; the junior boys
by 78 to 18; and the senior boys by 51
to 20.
Preparations are practically complete
for the concert to be given on Wednesday evening, Feb. 7, in St. George's
Hall by the sergeants' mess of the 104th
Regiment. A programme of unusual
merit has been arranged. The proceeds
will be used in aid of the recruiting fund
of the overseas company of the 104th Regiment.
The City Conncil, meeting as a committee of the whole, Monday afternoon,
decided to advance the Royal Columbian
Hospital the sum of $1,500 on the yearly
esiimates. Secretary Withers, of the
hospital, who was in attendance, explained to the Council that the money
wonld help the directors at the present
time meet certain accounts that had to
be met within the next few days.
COAL
New    Wellington,
Lump, Nut, pea
and SlacR
JOSEPH MAYERS
Foot Sixth St.        Phone 105
^������J-X^M^^^^M^^W*?,   ��4��W��0����8!<f��Mw-��g'4'M>W^
LIMITED
The People's   |
Grocer
^^   I Is �� IXlT^T
nr&o 1
PHONES:
At the Edison.
Marguerite Clark, iu ''Snow White,"
will be the feature extraordinary at tlie
Edison Theatre, Friday and Saturday.
"Snow White" is the play that Miss
Clark scored such a pronounced success
in at the Little Theatre, New York, in
which it ran for two years.
The City Council is unanimous for
change of "rule of road" in B: C. from
"turn to the left" to "Un��n to the right."
According to the readings of official
meteorologist, H. A. Wilson, the record
in the recent cold snap was 5 (leg. above
zero, Tuesday night.
Mannering & MacKenzie, plumbers,
heaters, and sheet metal workers, have
removed to new and commodious quar!
ters, 55 Sixth st. (Matt Knight's old
stand), where they will be glad to see
you.    Telephone, 922. tc
Mrs. C. A, Welsh, Provincial vic&-
president of the Women's Council, has
announced that a Provincial conference
of the various B. C. Local Councils, representative of about 200 societies, will
be held in Victoria, Feb. 27 and 28.
For stealing chickens a Chinese named
Kye was sentenced to three mouths in
jail by Police Magistrate Edmonds, Monday. Another Oriental, Toy, alias Charlie Toy, was fined $50 and costs for
supplying liquor to an Indian girl.
Want ot forethought is the great bane
of life. See W. B. Blane, the Man Who
Insures vou beforehand against loss by
fire. Offices 205-206 in New Westminster's big central office building, West
minster Trust block. Take the elevator, , tc
Joe Martin, K.C, M.P., is off for Lon
don again���tliis time to stay, he says,
and cultivate his St. Pancras seat, devoting his spare time to journalism. As
an evidence that he means it, he's resigned the Liberal nomination for Cariboo. Good-bye and good luck, Joe;
you're the only one of the kind.
West End branch
Main Store     -     193 and 194 %
Sapperton branch 373 %
650 %
4
4
X
X
X
X
I
Three Big Stores
of Plenty
I
ORANGES
i
I
i ��
We specialize in -extra   large  ',',
juicy Sunkist Naval   Oranges
to sell  per doz 25c
Small Oranges, 2 doz 25c  . >
Grape Fruit
California, 3 for 25c
Florida, each 15c
Start the day right by eating
a Grape-fruit. The acids it
contains nre a tonic to the
stomach.
;;::
The New
Spring Goods
ARE ARRIVING
11
i
T"*HIS will be an interesting store
��� during the coming weeks, for
every day brings forth some new
arrivals in Spring Wearables.
Smith's styles are always correct.
Buying from the best manufacturers gives this store exclusive rights
to the choice of America's best in
Garments for Women, Misses, and
Children. Visit the store. In the
near future there will be many
new displays of interest   :   :    :   :
^������fl"************************1**
��� '.������#**/t��*0
RecrultlnR Engineers Here.
Major V. L. Marsh has returned to the
city from Ottawa, and will recruit a company of 250 men, with officers, as B. C.'s
share of a new railway construction bit-
talion for overseas service. Tuesday,
with a large party of Canadian Engineers, he went over the buildings at
Queen's Park lo place them in readiness
for the men to be quartered in. A commission in this company has already been
granted toM. J. W. B. Blackmail, Citv
Engineer, who has decided to offer his
services to the Empire. Lieut.. Black-
man will apply to the City Council for
leave of absence while he is on overseas
duty.
NOTICE.
We wish to announce to the public we
are still doing business at the old stand,
cor. Eighth and Carnarvon sts., New
Westminster, B. C. When you require
plumbing, heating, sheet metal work or
repairs, phone us on our old No.���586.
MERRJTHEW & RAMSAY,
Mrs. T. J. Lewis Dies Suddenly.
Death came suddenly to Mrs. T. J.
Lewis, wife of Mr. T. J. Lewis of the
Brunette Sawmills, Friday afternoon
last. The deceased lady had been down
town during the morning, and was apparently in her usual good health, when
she was taken suddenly ill between 11
and 12 o'clock, and died about 3:30 the
same afternoon.
The late Mrs. Lewis, who was born in
Goderich, Ont., forty-one years ago,
came to this city about twelve years ago,
making her home, together with her little daughter, Bessie Henderson, by a
previous marriage, with her brother,
Mr. Sidney Malcolmson. Besides her
own daughter, Mrs. Lewis leaves her hus*
band and four step-children, Glen, Gordon, Merle, and Miss Audrey Lewis, to
mourn their loss.
The funeral was held Monday morning
at 10.30 o'clock, from the residence, 30
Leopold Place, to the Oddfellows' cemetery, Rev. F. W. Kerr, of St. Andrew's
Presbyterian Church, of which deceased
was a member, officiating. The pallbearers were Mayor Gray, Aid. J. J.
Johnston, Messrs. W. 11. Klson, G. A.
Allen, M. ]. Phillips, ntidE. A. Riddell
%       No. 3 Jonathan Apple
Fine Cookers.     Special price
S   per box  $1.30  x
% 	
I       Rcval Crown       |
X Naptha Soap, per cake 5c  y
X
ft.
{LIMITED
k>-k~x~x-:~x-w��< ��&���^<'���^>������,^������,-' <>*****���*$**+**** ��� j
A
Eyestrain and Wrinkles %
Go together���both are brought
on bv attempting to read or
work WITHOUT Glasses when
Classes are NECESSARY !
We can fit you with becoming Eyeglasses that will enable you to see
clearly without Eyestrain or Wrinkles
Let us supply the Glasses to-day.
H. Ryall
Druggist and  Optician
NEW WESTMINSTER. B. C. PHONE 57
SALE OF  GOVERNMENT PROPERTY.
SEALED TENDERS, superscribed
"Tenders for Horse, Harness and Rig,"
will be received by the Honourable the
Minister of Public Works, Victoria, up
to 12 o'clock noon of Saturday, the 10th
day of February, 1917.
The horse is a light driving horse���
weight between eight and nine hundred
pounds���age about eight or nine years.
Rig a light road-cart, harness to match.
The outfit can be seen at the Government Stables, Cloverdale, B. C.
The highest or any tender not neces-
sariiy accepted.
P. C. CAMPBELL,
Government Agent.
Government Agent's Office,
New Westminster, B. C,
2t 24th January, 1917.
Citv Market.
Record market to-day, but record the
wrong wav. Last night's fresh snowfall of ten inches, with resultant unbroken roads this morning, did the trick,
keeping most of the producers at home,
and the consumers struck out of sympathy and from similar weather conditions: Consequently, not much to buy,
and not many to buy it. Meats and
poultry were down almost to the vanishing point. Pork, preferred, rose a point,
selling at 15 to 17c; veal, ditto, 16 to 18c.
The high price for hens jumped from 25
to 26c, and for springs from 27 to 30c.
The ruling price for eggs was 45c per
doz, a drop from 50c, last week's high.
Butter was in brisk demand, at 50c per
lb. Potatoes held at $30 to $35 per ton,
$1.50 to $1.75 per sack, with neither
supply nor demand.
Valuator    Money to Loan    Farms
for Sale
li. A. EASTJUP
Notary Public
Guichon Block, Columbia and MeKenzie Sts.,   HEW WESTMINSTER
The City Basketball League has been
organized, with five teams competing
for the trophy. Two from Columbian
College, the Adnacs, a team from the
Y. M. C. A., and a five to be captained
by Dave Taylor, will make up the schedule. The first contest will take place
this evening, in  the  Columbian College
Mayor Gray left Tuesday night for
Victoria where he went to attend an executive meeting of the Union of British
Columbia Municipalities. While at the
Capital, the Mayor will take up with the
Provincial Government certain citv matters which need to be dealt with- at the
present time. He is expected to return
to-morrow. During his absence, Aid.
Johnston has been acting Mayor.
INSURANCE
IS OUR BUSINESS
Agent for 7 strong Fire Insurance
Companies.
Lowest rates possible   and   absolute security guaranteed.
Wm. McAdam
Room 1, Hart Block
WOOD
AND
COAL
at prices that  are   RIGHT
Quality, Quantity and Service is o\u
motto
Phones:   150-732
Belyea $ Company, Ltd.
827 Carnarvon Street
Advertise in The Pacific Canadian
MiGVEVmOAWvih
*  Fdmouj      TlayerJ   *
EDISON
Friday and Saturday
MARGUERITE   CLARK
-IN���
"SNOW  WHITE"
An adaptation of the Beloved Fairy Tale.   This play ran for two years in New York.   It is Miss
Clark's greatest stage and screen success.    It scored heavily in Seattle and Vancouver recently.
PRICES:   Matinee-Adults, 15c; Children, 10c
Evening���All Seats, 15c
MAKE YOUR DOLLARS
FIGHT
AT  THE   FRONT.
BUY
DOMINION OF CANADA
THREE-YEAR
War Savings Certificates
$ 25.00   FOR   $21.50
OO.OO      " 4-3.OO
100.00      " 86.00
INDIVIDUAL PURCHASES LIMITED TO 11800.
FOR FULL PARTICULARS APPLY _HT ANY 1ANK
OR ANY MONEY ORDER POST OFFICE
JAN.  9,  1017
riNANOI     D|P>ARTMINT
Ottawa
1 Fa**
IBS J?ACmC CANADIAN
New WeetaainBter. B.C.. JFob. 2,191T
EMPIRE  WAR   COUNCIL
t-loTfi-George, Bri#v-irt Ptpa&pr. 0]B<_-
' lines Jftaa pS Great itaw^rfcatytt*.
Conference in London, This Month.
Right Hon. David Lloyd-George, Prime
Minister of Great Britain, gave an important interview last week on the 8Ub-
}-_*. of the forthcoming Imperial War
Council. "I do not wish," he said, "to
interfere in any way with the affairs of
the great self-governing Dominions, but
we took the step of urgently inviting the
Dominions Premiers to London, despite
the fact that it might cause much inconvenience locally, because we desired their
advice and assistance in coming to decisions about the conduct of the war and
the negotiating of peace." The Imperial
War Council, Mr. Lloyd George said he
regarded as "marking the beginning of
a new epoch in the history of the Empire. The war," he added, "has changed
us, it has taught us more than we yet understand, it has opened a new age for
us, and we will go into the age together
with our fellows overseas, just as we
have come through the darkness together and shed our blood ard treasure
together.''
"The Empire War Council," continued the Premier, "will deal with al! general questions affecting the war. The
Prime Ministers or their representatives
will be temporary members of the War
Can let, and we propose to arrange that
matters of first rate importance should
be considered at a series of special meetings. Nothing affecting the Dominions,
the conduct'of the war or negotiations
for psace will be excluded from its purview. There will, of course, be domestic questions which each part of the Empire must settle for itself���questions
such as recruiting in the CJnited Kingdom or home legislation. Such domestic matters will he our on'- reservation,
but we propose that everything else
should be, so to speak, on tlie ta'jle."
"Will the discussion include such matters as the fate of the German colonies?"
asked the interviewer. "That is one
obvious question; but there are many
questions of equal moment. All tlie difficult problems connected with making
peace, as was stated in the Government's
invitation, will be threshed out; the war
policy of the Empire will be clearly define'!, and of great importance is what I
may call the preparation for peace. That
-vtil involve not only-demobilization, but
���,iioh after-the-war questions as the ini-
/ration of-our people to other part" oi
the Empire, the settlement of soldiers
on tho land, commerce and industry."
"You have not hesitated to depart
from precedent?"
"We certainly have not," said the
Premier. "But in these days we cannot
hesitate, beevse we are breaking precedents. The -impire ha.s thrown itself
heart and soul into the war, and we
would be failing in our duties if we did
not take ever possible .step to s e that
its leaders get together from time to
time. You do not suppose that we think
'.he overseas nations can raise and place
in the fieid armies containing an enormous proportion of their best manhood,
and uot want to have t say, and a real
say, in determining the use to wh'*ch
th��y are to be put: 1 aat seems to us an
impossible and undemocratic proposition . That is why one of the first acts
of the new Government was to __k the
O'-ersets Premiers to come ov.r, not to
a formal Imperial Conferet *��, but to sit
in Executive Cabinet of ths Empire.
That is wLv we have arranged for a representative of India, which has rendered invaluable service to our common
cause, to be present also.
"This implies that the Conference
should meet as soon as possible?" suggested the correspondent.
"Certainly," replied the Premier.
"The war �� not won yet, and   we want
10 conce* t our efforts so that we may ex-
trt our maximum strength at the critical moment. Further, we are most anxious that, during the las' _nd most trying
plu ^e of the war, the British Empire
may present to the world an absolutely
uttitiirl front. Ijp to the present, the
British Government has shouldered responsibility for th - policy of the war
alone. It now wishes to know that in
it.', measures for prosecuti ig the war to
n finish, and in it�� negotiations for peace,
11 will be carrying out a policy agreed
npon by representatives of the whole
Umpire sitting in plenary council together. '
"What about after the war?" was
asked.
"li yon mean by that constitution reconstruction," replied Mr. Lloyd-
George, "I can'only say tliat it is too
soon to talk about 'after the war ' bnt I
can say this: Things can nev<;r Le the
sain? after the war as before ii. Five
detnecracies, all parts of one Empire,
cannot shed their blood and trea'sure
with a heroism and disregard of cost that
has beeu beyond all praise, without leaving memories of comradeship and great
accomplishment which will never die.
Of this I am certain. The peoples of
the Empire will have found a unity in
v 'r such as never existed before���a unity
not onl" :'i history, but of purpose.
Whi practical change in Imperial or-
g ii itation -liat will mean I do not venture to predict. That it will involve
some change is certain. I believe that
all the statesmen of the Old Country and
the dominions, who have spoken about
it are unanimous on that point The
forthcoming war council, howevei tan-
not deal with the.-,e fundamental pi ,;
war problems, but it may alTord some
iiiM.s'ht into the form they may take
"Then you are sanguine about the future of the Empire?"
"It we see the war through, I certainly
am. Yon do not suppose that the great
Combination of peoples who make up the
Empire ccn have stood steadfastly together with their allies, in order to discredit and overthrow the most brutal and
inhuman machine for the destruction of
human liberties that the world has ever
seen, and not have discovered a new
ground of friendship?"
"We stand at this moment, on tie
verge of the greatest liberation that the
worlt. has ever seen since the French re-
volutioi:     Do you tell me  that peoples
who have stood together and staked literally everything in order to bring that
liberation about are not going to find
some. Way pf perpetuating that unity afterward on an equal basis ? I am certain
that they will. There will be much for
them to do. Peace terms will be only
a beginning. After they are sufficiently
arranged, we shall have to set to work
to build up that ordered lreedora and
fraternity which is the only security for
human peace and progress which militarism has destroyed; and is it not certain that the nations which have borne
the heat and burden ol the day in overthrowing that militarism will take a leading share in building that new earth
which they have made possible by their
sacrifices ?
"No; if we endure to the end, 1 have
small fears for the futdre; and not the
least important of the foundations for
the work we shall have to do together in
that future will be this war council of
the Britisli peoples."
Death of Ii. F. Bonuon.
In the deatii of Lewis Francis Bonson,
at St. Mary's Hospital, this ciiy, Friday
morning last, there passed away another
of that sturdy and historic band, the
Royal Engineers, now sadly diminished
in numbers, insepaiably associated with
the founding of the Royal City, in 1859.
The late Mr. Bonson, who had reached
the advanced age of eighty-five, and
whose wife prc-deceased him, in August,
1915, had been in failing health for some
time and had been a patient at St. Mary's
Hospital for the past three months, so
that death was not unexpected.
A pioneer of the pioneers and one of
New Westminster's most useful and respected citizens during half a century of
its history, the late Mr. Bonson, who
was a native of Peebleshire, Scotland,
also participated in notable events before
coming to British Columbia, having, as a
member of the Royal Engineers Corps,
taken part in the Crimean war, from
1855 to 1856, when he was transferred to
Gibraltar, and afterwards to special service in Central America, returning to
England in 1858 and leaving the same
year for British   Columbia, via  Pauama.
Mr. Bonson was a builder and contractor by trade, and pursued that calling after retiring from the Royal Engineers in
1863. He served ablv and faithfully as
Provincial Road Superintendent from
1876 to 1880, and afterwards purchased
and worked au extensive farm at Keat-
sey, near this city, latterly living in this
city, at 211 Carnarvon st. He took an
active part for years iu volunteer militia
organizations, was lieutenant under the
late Capt. Peele in the New Westmihster
Rifles, a member of the N. W. Rifle Association, and one of a group of crack
pioneer target shots.
The late Mr. Bonson is survived by
three sons and two daughters���Mr. Rob-
bett F. Bonson, of this city, former Provincial Road Superintendent; Mr. Chas.
Bonson, Lewiston, Idaho; Mr. James
Bonson, Port Coquitlam; Mrs. Harry
Hoy, 57 Elliott St., this city; and Mrs.
Stuart Campbell, Marine Drive. South
Vancouver.
The funeral was held on Sunday afternoon, Jan. 28th, at 2:30 o'clock, from the
residence of Mrs. Hoy, Elliott St., to the
I.O.O.F. cemetery, with full military
honors, a firing party and a large detachment besides of the 104th Regiment
being in attendance, and many old friends
and prominent citizens followed the remains to their last resting place.
Donations to the local Prisoners of
War Fund for last week amounted to
$56.20.
The Pedagogs won the championship
of the City Bowling League at the Y. M,
C.A. bowling all.ys.
Mr. and Mrs. W. R. Gilley left, Wednesday, for a visit to California, wht?re
Mr. Gilley is going for his health.
Mrs. A W. McLeod and childreu
': ive left for California, where they will
spend a .short holiday.
A
THERMOS
BOTTLE
Will keep your tea or coffee
warm and you will enjoy
your lunch.
We can sell you Thermos
Bottles and Lunch Kits.
!. J. TRAPP & CO., Ltd.
Phones:
Store 59      Office 196
Machinery and   Auto  Dept.  691
According to a letter received, Monday, by Mr, G fi. Martin, Jois spn-i.n-
lavr, Lieut, R. G. Ward, has been slighlp
ly wounded. He went overseas with the
131st Battalion but was transferred to
the 102nd. He is the first officer of the
131st to be reported wounded.
Appeal for the Hospital.
An appeal is being issued at the suggestion of the Board of Management of
the Royal Columbian Hospital by the
Woman's Auxiliary of the Royal Columbian Hospital to the women of the city
and the surrounding districts for assistance in supplying the required equipment for the beds which will be needed
upon the arrival of the wounded soldiers. Each bed will require four sheets,
two draw sheets, one pair blankets, one
coverlet, two pillows, pillow cases, one
dressing gown, one nightshirt, bedroom
slippers, and towels, at a cost of approximately $50. All organizations of
women are iuvited to send representatives to1 a meeting to be held in the
Council Chamber, Tuesday next, Feb.
6th, at 3 p. m., and any woman interested is cordially invited to attend, and
i' is suggested that it will greatly facilitate matters if all who attend will be
prepared to say what thev or those whom
they represdnt can contribute.
Cold
Weather
Hints
Oxo  Cubes, tins 10c, 25c
Nutri, Ox, 16-oz.  jar 85c
Liftby's Tomato Soup,   2 tins
for 25c
Skinner's Tomato Soup, large
tins,  2 for 25c
Van Camp's  Soups,   2   tins
for 25c
De Jong's Cocoa, per tin..15c
Fry's Cocoa, per tin 25c
Local Comb Honey, jar.-.25c
Reindeer    Coffee and   Milk,
large tins ,25c
George  Washington   Coffee,
per tin  35c
Postum Cereal, per pkg.-.25c
Instant Postum, tin-30c, 50c
M. &J. Coffee, best quality,
per lb  40c
Also at per lb. 25c & 35c
Model Grocery
Matheson & Jacobson
308 Sixth St. Phone 1001-2
East Burnaby, 2nd St. Phone 598
Edmonds, Gray Block Phone 1111L
Sapperton, Gnhr Block Phone 1012
Warm Mitts and
Gloves
Boys, Girls, Men and Women can obtain iu our Glove Section  tlie
necessary gloves and mitts for use during the cold snap.
Infants' Mitts in silk, wool, corduroy;  per pair 20c to 50c
Girls' and Hoys' Mitts in white, grey, black, navy, red and brown:
Per pair 25c to 45c
Boys' Gloves in  dark   grey   aud   heather;    heavy weights;    per
Pair  40c to 60c
Girls, Gloves in red, black, navy, brown, white   and   fancy   mixtures; per pair ....25c to 45c
Women's Gloves in wrist length; white, black, navy, brown, grey,
etc.; per pair   35c to 75c
Women's Gauntlet Gloves; something  extra heavy; in white wool
gauntlets;   per pair $1.00
Men's Lined Kid Gloves;   per pair  $1.75 to $2.75
W. S. Collister & Go.
The Store  for Women's Wear
P. O. Box 933
Westminster  Iron   Works
JOHN  REID,   Proprietor
General Machine Work, Engineering and
Blacksmithing
Manufacturers of  Structural and Ornamental Ironwork
Agents for REGAL GASOLINE ENGINES
Office and  Works:
TENTH STREET
New Westminster, B. C.
James & IHcClughan
PLUMBING
and
HEATING
Auto Tires & Accessories
HARDWARE
New Westminster, B. C.
Front and Sixth Sts.    Phone 302
Let Us Do It?
You needn't   do   your   own
Washing or send it to a
Chinaman
The Royal City Laundry
(White Labor Only)
will do it for you.
PHONE 183.     814 ROYAL AVE.
THE    MINISTER    OF    FINANCE
REQUESTS
THE
PEOPLE   OF    CANADA    TO
BEGIN NOW
TO
SAVE   MONEY   FOR   THE
NEXT WAR LOAN
JAN.* wir
m-MRT-MNT Of FIN*
OTTAWA
TO INVESTORS
>
HOSE WHO, FROM TIME TO TIME, HAVE FUNDS REQUIRING
INVESTMENT MAY PURCHASE
AT PAR
DOMINION OF CANADA DEBENTURE STOCK
IN SUMS OF
OR ANY MULTIPLE THEREOF.
Principal repayable let October, 1MB.
Interact payable half-yearly, let April and let October by cheque (free of exchange at
any chartered Bank in Oanada) at the rate of five per oent per annum from the date of
purohaee.
Holdem of thia etock wW have the priviieae of surrendering, at par and accrued interest,
aa the equivalent of cash, in payment ef any allotment made under any future war loan issue
In Canada other than an issue ef Treasury Bills or other like short date security.
Proceeds of this stock are for war purposes only.
A commission of one-quarter of one per cent will be allowed to recognized bond and
stock brokers on allotments made in respect of applications for thia stock which bear their
stamp.
For application forms apply to the Deputy Minister of Finance, Ottawa.
DEPARTMENT OF FINANCE, OTTAWA,
OCTOBER 7th, IBIS.

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