BC Historical Newspapers

BC Historical Newspapers Logo

BC Historical Newspapers

Okanagan Mining Review Sep 30, 1893

Item Metadata


JSON: omr-1.0311682.json
JSON-LD: omr-1.0311682-ld.json
RDF/XML (Pretty): omr-1.0311682-rdf.xml
RDF/JSON: omr-1.0311682-rdf.json
Turtle: omr-1.0311682-turtle.txt
N-Triples: omr-1.0311682-rdf-ntriples.txt
Original Record: omr-1.0311682-source.json
Full Text

Full Text

Vol. I, No. 6.
$2.00 per Year.
Bank of British Columbia
Capital paid up
S *iv «y» *i'. *jv .'4»"ViV * j> *i» «? /(v *jV .-iv cK>
Incorporated by icoyal Charier, U82.
Reserve Fund .      .      .     £260,000     $1,300,000
Head Office: 60 Lombard Street,  LONDON,  ENGLAND
3B3Et-«-Iir03HCE3S3 :
In British Colcmbia In the Ukited States
Victoria, Vancouver, New Westminster San Francisco, Portland,
Kanalmo, Kamloops,  Nelson (Root-nay Lake.) Seattle and Tacoma.
AuE.vi'8 axi) Correspondents in Canada and'tiie United States :
Hank of Montreal, Canadian Hank ot Commerce, Import;-! Hank of Canada; Bank of
Montreal, New York and Chicago.
Telegraphic Transfers and Remittances to ami from nil points can bo mado through this
Bank at current rates.   Collections careful'.;: attended lo and every description of banking business transacted.      Gold Dust purchosod.
\js \j* \1a «.j» ».v *&Mii*»t» •.;> "-Iii!* j!-' '^lXiJ^*J^>J'^t!ii!4ljJtjt'*i'I<,iJ'i.*.!'ii!i,i''^I-i
v;^jjv^i'?<jv''rr;v<i?»iwi?"v^iwSv'>;\'vl!» Sv*--1   '' .■
■. ■
t- 4
J. a
' Hi
i :
tf     I
A j. KJ IV* A   w v> ± «
Dealer In.
• '"-*    s
•^ [ *
'fl .'.31
Dry Goods
Boots and Shoes
CIoho Prices For C'iikI
A Bird's-Eye Glance at Camp
m«   '-
Main Street
Okanagan Falls
toekniise I
Everything Required in a Mining Camp
•___pj^'-z^-tnr_iZ3a~%xr.   33.  o.
> * «ijM^»iJitJiiii'«!«''M:*<ll*:^t4''«l*'*T
<f. o> *v \V «.v 4T* 5.V «.v «x* v> s»* «.> At* ;'x «.'* *.'-» si* <1>'__±yt^li^-_,__^,_____il_^l-'_:li._iii.
Green, Worlock & Go.,
Successors to GABESOHE, fiBEEN & CO.,
Government Street, Victoria, B.C.
[Established 1873.]
Deposits received in Gold, .Silver a
deposits.   Gold dust and U.S. currenc .'
id  (J.S. currency.   Intortmt paid on tho sarin: on time
purchased at highest market rates,
" Sight drafts aiid'toleipaBtiio tran'sjers issued, payable at over 10,030 eitien in Canada, the
United States, Europe, Mexico and l%ia-
Kic-hanirr Oil J«uiA;.<, a..ci
of Crod»».'ssucd on the prlnoipi
—$___._?_•*____.•_&   foi-   "Wells,   Jfc""ta,aiv.S'*>   '^r.   Oe».
Should write for
at     •
. .cMibli; in %' parts of Kuropo, England, Ireland and Scotland. Letters
oip'ii ."ittes urtho United States, Canada bud Kuropo.
Baac*   -~n
Fine Fishing and
Shooting in the
'     ' LESAlilLISriED 1S8i>.
„■"'" "%\'holesalo nnd Itetail Dealor in. and Importer and Manufacturer of
The largest establishment oi' Its kind on the mainland of r.i-ltisii Columbia.
Tho loading CARPET HOUSE iu tlie Oity.  A full lino of Carpets, Square Rugs, Mats, etc:
Also Linoleum and Floor Clothe, as woll as Ilnnse Farnishings of every dosoripunu. '
(P.O. box 2.)
21 & 23 Cordova Street, VANCOUVEB, B.C.
Hamilton   Powder  Co'y
Ok Montkeal.        iNConroBATED 1861.
Mar.ufacturcrs of Dynamite, Blasting and Sporting Powder.
Wholesale Dcaleru in Safety Fuse, Detonators and Electric Blasting Apparatus.
Okkice: Victoria, B. C
1ST-     OT.     SOOTT
General Agent for British Columbia.
(EstabliHbed 180'.
Crockeiy, Glassware, Wall Paper, Lamps, Cutlery, Agate Ware and
eoniplote House Furnishings.
Largest Stock in British Columbia,
51   to   53
Fort   S'fcz-cseib.
Write tor Prices of anything required.
si *° ss       -   -    Victoria,   3B. O.
ManufaoCtirora of
g ana lining
Hoisting and Pumping Engines Itolls and Concentrating Machinery
Copper and Lead Furnaces
Only Steel and Iron Ship Builders on the PacUno Coast.
Marine Engines, Bailors and All ClasBOB of Marino Work.
First and Mission Streets
Now York Ofllco: 115 Broadway.
Cable Address, "Union."
Vlctox-ia,   22.0.,
Fanning. Implements. and. Hapdwar
TXOTCUaZjL,     15. 0.
Manufacturers of Hydraulic Pipe, (Hants, and
All' Kinds of
in the City Dailies and tho
Magazines for city orders,
but you will not get the
country trade through these
tsr It, requires the Local
Weeklies to reach the pocket-
books of those people who
live, and live well, too, in
the agricultural and mining
districts of the Province.
is the best, medium for reaching the people of the Southern Interior of British Columbia.
Reported for Tun JTininc Review.
Around the Wide West are a group
of claims a good many of which were
staked under the old law which permitted Hi'.' Location of extension claims
without requiring mineral in sight, and
between this and the main belt is another row of claims among which may
be mentioned thoQladstone, Lukavlew,
Minnesota, EcliBse, Silver Bow, Orphan
Boy and Ivanhoe. The North Star is
an extension of the Wide West;. It is
located under the new law granting
square claims of lutJO feet and thus for
a part of the distance heins in on both
sides the Wide West, which is only U00
r'eet wide. This claim belongs to Mr,
W. T. Thompson,
To attempt to enumerate all the
claims In camp would be useless effort,
but mention must be made of the Joe
Dandy, which was taken up by W.
Poole and E. Morris and afterwards
sold to Patrick and Clemens by whom
considerable development work has
lieen done. Adjoining it is the Morris
mineral claim owned by Mr. E. Morris.
Oil to north-eastward from the Wide
West aro the Empire and Granite
claims, tlie former of which is owned
by Kline and Boyer and the latter by
Bowen and Sharpneck, aud work
enough has been done ou them to show
up a good large ledge. The Victoria
claim to tlie northward of the Brown
Boar and Stem winder belt is owned by
WilKison and Carmichael, who have
done a good summer's work on it and
best of all they have made the ore from
the miue pay 1 ha shot. Evan Morris
has a claim the Wild Horse, which he
located in '91 on a ledge lying east and
west, which runs over into the Similkameen. Thos. Woodland has a claim,
the Black Diamond, on a different
ledge from that of the Morning Star,
but adjoining it; and a prospective
millionaire is Jack Martin, whose claim
the Halo Quash is said to contain untold wealth, In it the gold lies very
i,V :ji ;t.,U omy •,.-l1:ih''.-. d. v '■"[>" ■■ '-■
Jack despises superficiality and it is as
bad in a mine as anywhere else. The
Bard was taken up by Manson McMul-
len in 188S. He is also owner of the
Silver Bow.
An estimate has been mode which is
to the etfect that :,he nun her of claims i
staked out covers about .80 miles of
count.'y. Prospectors : re still at work I
in the surrounding country and oc-
cassionally new finds are made in various  points,  but  unfortunately   for a
number of these prospectors, tlie market for prospects is slightly overstocked, and propositions that would
formerly command ready sale at good
prices can now scarcely be given away.
Leaving ('amp Fairview behind, the
traveler who wishes to take in the
mining camps of the Boundary aud
Rock Creek vicinities, have their choice,
if by saddle, of two routes ; burj if they
wish to confine themselves to the luxury
of wheels they must choose the Osoyoos
route. Taking the latter, the road i'6r'
miles lies through a sultry arid flat oS
which the cactus, sage brush and grease-
wood luxuriate during tiwBttriy oas'
of the summer, but when the scorching
rays pf July and August have had
their sway, the prospect is not exactly
i inviting. Over this flat - the property
j of the late Judge Eynes—there once
roamed large herds of cattle, and tha
; mountain sides also contributed to the
j large extent of range upon which cattle
| by the thousand havo been fattened.
This land, if irrigated, would make
very desirable fruit land, and as it is
shortly to be subdivided and offered
for sale in plots which will suit the
pockets of men of moderate means, it
is possible that a few years more may
work a wonderful transformation dn»
the general appearance of this locality.
Osoyoos lake is a beautiful sheet of
watuMcvhich never fails to excite the
admittWion of those who pass through.
On the narrows where the road crosses
the lake Mr. Kruger's residence is
welcomed by way-farers who may
refresh themselves on their toilsome
journey and obtain a good night's rest,
for mine host Mr. Kruger and his
estimable lady make their guests at
home. Mr. Kruger is also Collector of
Customs at this point, and jealously
guards the revenue, though settlers,
miners and prospectors coining into
the country have had frequent cause to
appreciate his kind consideration towards them.
ground covered by the McDougall
lease, where several men had been
employed prospecting. The extent of
the gold-bearing gravel had not been
learned, but the gold was distributed
all through the gravel. Mr. John McDonald, an old and reliable miner informs Judge Tunstall, of Kamloops,
that this new find shows the test
gravel that he has seen since ho Jeffc
Cariboo. Great excitement prevails
and the country in the vicinity is being
rapidly staked off. It is taken up for
hydraulicing, and is not suitable for
individual mining on account of the
expense of getting in w;ii,er. and being
situ -i'-.1 back oh I he benches.
CITY A^B-VrGimj'Y.
Mr. Snodgrass left
for Vancouver on
CjS COeS Qvas
Analytical Chemist
And Assayer
(Terms Cash in Advance)
Silver, Gold or Lead, each $1 50
Silver, Gold and Lead combined  3 0(1
Silver and Lead combined  2 50
Silver, Gold and Copper   I 00
Silver and Copper  II 51*
Silver and Gold  2 00
Assayer to the British Columbia Government
of all Specimens sent from tho
Provinoo to
Steamer Penticton
Leaving Penticton
Wednesday Morning
October 4th	
And Returning Leaves
the Landing on
Saturday morning.
THOS. RILEY, Captain
ining Ma
J. J. FORD, Proprietor
First-Clasa Table
Single Meals 50c.
Board per Week $fi.00
Main Street, . . Okanagan Falls
Subscribe for THB REVIEW.
Mr. Atwdod left by Monday's stage
for Montreal.
Lvfi'. -A^'istroiig im.-; gone/ to Uraiine"
Creek on business for Mr. Thompson.
Most of the 400 men who went over to
Kettle River have returned and report
the discovery as being "Chinese diggings." j
Mr.  Aclamson,  the   freighter,  has j
been hauling "nee k-oil" for Mr. Moffat, j
and groceries for Mr. T. Elliott during
the past week.
Mr. Geo. Powell, representing the
Dominion Pants Co., Montreal, came
in on Tuesday and secured a number of
ordi irs for custom made clothing.
Dr. Boyce had the misfortune to
accidently shoot his blue - buclffiKin
horse, Blucher, on Monday last while
hunting deer. As ho was riding
through the woods a branch caught
the trigger and discharged a heavy
load of bucKshot into the faithful
animal's head, Killing him instantly.
The doctor escaped uninjured, but his
feelings were somewhat hurt at having
to tramp six miles to get homo.
"Woe worth the chase, woo worth the day
That cost, thy life, my gallant grey!"
Mr. R. Kelly, traveller for Opperi-
heimer Bros., wholesale grocers and
tea merchants, Vancouver, arrived on
Tuesday on a business trip. He was
accompanied by Mrs. Kelly. On Wednesday morning they visited the Brown
Bear and were shown through the
mine by Mr. Sam Hays, who has charge
of the work being done, and very
kindly explained to them the manner
of developing a mineral claim. Mrs.
Kelly is the first lady who has ever
visited this mine and the second who
has lodged at the Moffat House.
Mr. Jas. Hislop, of Vancouver, ia
spending a few days  hunting in the
Mr. Geo. Powell was here on Friday
in the interests of the Dominion Pant*
Co., of Montreal.
Mr. Patrick Gallagher complains that
he and other settlers hereabouts have
been unable to obtain employment on
the roads being made in the vicinity,
averlng that outsiders are given the
Bob Graham and Alex. Matheson
have secured a contract to cut 500,000
feet of timber on Bear Creek for the
Leqtiim Bros., of Kolowna. Billy the
logger has taken his team up aud will
do the hauling for them.
Hon. G. P. Vernon, Chief Commissioner of Lands and Works, and Sir
Richard Musgrave were in town lor a
short time on Thursday when they
were returning from Keremeos and
Fairview. Thoy report game plentiful
and having made good bags. Mr. Vernon thinks it will not he long before
tho Falls is the foot of navigation in
this district as a canal could be cut between Okanagan and Dog Lakes. This
would enablo freight for tho lower
country to he transhipped here and
forwarded by the new road at considerable lower rates than at present as the
heavy hauling over the hills to the
west of Dog Lake would b^avoidecl,
cr,.! pi., .w.iu.rrtm. l.''jife?5Wtrt;i"R Umm
level. Sic-Richard was (jveatly tsk«a-
with the appearance of the river near
the Falls as a fishing ground, but as
the time was limited did not "throw a
Several hydraulic claims have been
toKen up at Granite CreoK, some of
them including portions of the old
townsite. The Pogue company has
strucK good pay in its tunnel, which is
now over 1000 feet long, and is being
extended to intersect the old WorKingS
in order to get ventilation.
An old Chinese company, which has
been worKing for some years at the
confluence of the Similicameen and
Tulauieen in the bed of the rivers, i.<
reported as having great success this
season, taK ng out $15 per day to the
One of the moat important gold discoveries in British Columbia in many
years was made a short time ago at
Princeton, near tho junction of the
.Similkameen and Tulameen rivers. It
is an ancient channel of the Smilka-
meen in a bench about half a mile back
from the river.    It was found on the
Harvest Home services will lie hold
in the Episcopal church to-morrow.
Mr. Soadding, of Kelowna, is visiting
his father the C. P. R. agent here.
Mr. Schubert is having the road repaired between tho wharf and Mr.
KIlis' place.
Rev. Mr. Green received word that
Bishop Sillitoe would not arrive here
until Weduesday.
Mrs. Day and Mrs. Jones, of Trout
Creek, left here Thursday for Mr. R,
L. Cawston's ranch at Keremeos.
The Penticton will run an excursion
from here for the Vernon Fair, leaving
on Wednesday morning, Oct. 4th, and
returning on .Saturday.
Mr. J. Thurber, of Hotel Penticton,
returned from a three weeks' visit to
his home in Montreal on Wednesday.
He was accompanied by his sister, who
intends residing hero.
Mr. A, J. Mara, M.P., and Mr. J. O.
Graham, of tlvi Hudson's Bay Co.,
Kamloops, came down on Monday's
boat, and left next morning for damp
McKinney, Boundary Creek and Kettle
Captain Riley is now owner of the
steamer Penticton, and she will continue to leave here every Monday,
Wednesday and Saturday as formerly,
notwithstanding the rumors that she
was to be laid off. The captain deserves
a liberal support as were she not running freight and passenger rates would
be considerably higher than at present.
Constable Geo. Inch arrested H.
Mitchell tit Kelowna on Tuesday for
supplying liquor to Indians and started
for here by the Penticton. Thinking
that, as long as the boat was steaming
along his prisoner was safe he removed
the handcuffs and allowed him considerable liberty. Shortly after passing Squally Point the constable became
uneasy and on taking a look around
discovered that his man was gone, as
was til so a row boat of Mr. C. B. Carpenter's which had been in tow of the
steamer. The steamer was turned
about, but as it was dark several hours
of diligent search failed to revoal any
trace of the fugitive. George says he
has his eye teeth cut now and that the
next one won't have any chance to get $
The Farmer.
BY 8. B W.
Tho Janrter is a loyal man,
A lor.l. a i'lnsr.
He works oa God's primeval plftP
Of him I sing.
Responsive to his daily care
Earth yields her trust.
He plants: he sows, and harv cats f»''
Spring from thodust.
Delicious f'tiils.a countless store,
O'er earth's fair breast,
Around him their rich treasures pour
Toniike him blest.
Not one in all earth's boundless rango
So grandly free: ,
Though seasons rest am' wwons change,
Firm ai a tree.
On "terra flrma' strong he stand9,
On earth's green sod; ,
Though'toiling wilh his sun-browned  hands.
Communes with Uo.1.
In all earth's serried ranks -behold I
He a Bcepter sways.
The Millionaire, with wealth untold,
His homage pays.
The monarch of tha railroad guide
Must bend the knee,
The farmer Coeds him, lo! he's filled
Withholds -where's he?
Then for I he farmir shout hurrah.
The basis strong
Of nations free ; sound his eclat,       ^^^
A votive song. —*1m^~
lOhio Parmer.
Pc:ia Hen Lore.
It is well to feed hen-kin! during this
season of the year, but if one can not find
time to both fee.1, and water, it is better to
economize by omitting the feed. Of insects
there are many, while around the stacks
and barns plenty of good wheat can generally be found. If worse comes to worst.they
can commence shucking the sweet corn.
But of pure water there is not much available at this time except at the hands of men.
And such sights of it as the growing chick
can make away with in the course of a day,
too !
Place a number of dishes in diffeicntand
shady parts of their run and look to them
three times a day. Kvery morning rinse
tliem out thoroughly for the good of your
pocketbook. Hens, unlike most other do-
mestie animals, are not very particular as
to what they drink. Unless one wants to
reduce his stock quickly, aud has plenty of
time snd good implements for grave digging (ground digs hard when baked) it is
well to keep filthy water away from poultry at all times, and especially during the
hot months. Pure water ! A pretty good
drink for man, most excellent drink for the
I have had but little difficulty in holding
the small red mites in check so that my
houses have never been overrun with them.
■Such a thing as a louse running at large
seeking whom he may devour I have never
seen on our premises, though I have seen
poultry houses it was not safe to enter.
You come out alive ? Oh, yes, and lively.
I keep them in check by having two sets of
perches, using one set for a week or ten
days, then removing and saturating them
with kerosene. After a week out in ihe sun
and air they are ready for service again. The
arms where the perches rest want a dose
of kerosene too. Movable perches are a
great help in the warfare against the red
Rats and  weasels   hare  to be warded
__»&**(.*!*'»»*■■*jyrliiR ere troicaeni, &__**_.'-;-_.
.night. Coops that were plenty large enough
for twenty-five small  chickens become too
Sopuloua when filled with, half-grown ones.
esidea, have not you known twice twenty-
five to crowd into one eoop when a brood
has been left by the mother? They seem
to think it not good to dwell alone. I have
found coops literally packed with chickens
when I went around to secure them for the
Notwithstanding my coops all have quite
an open place (covered with wire netting) I
do not dare to leave them two or three
deep of a hot night. Death from suffocation takes off many a young chick just before it gets into the pocketbook.
Death lurks in another form around the
hen yard. That meek-eyed pussy-oat is
not meditating on spiritual themes so constantly as she would have you think. Half
asleep she seems, yes, but she is terribly
awake inside. Quietly and serenely she
drags herself about the yard ; she would
hardly catch a mouse, you think, were it to
walk up to the door of her stomach seeking
admission. You go into the house for a
few moments j what is that you hear'!
(sometimes you don't hear it). Merely the
screech of a young ehick. What ia that
you see ? (sometimes you don't see it). The
old cat disappearing under the kitchen,
You rush after her. With melting tender
Hess you implore her to come to you. She
conies, but too late to save the chick—
that is this  chick.    How about the rest;
Reform her ? I have been trying that
with a favorite cat, but am a little afraid I
have not succeeded. Possibly we shall have
to spy of pussy as has been said of the red
mar. ; the only good cat is a dead eat—that
is, where one is growing chickens.
Farmers' Boys-
Nature has bsen wonderfully lavish in
her bestowments of latent or reserve power
in the minds of tho young men of the
farm. They enter the arena or development under more favorable conditions than
the young of our towns and cities, or even
than the youth of our country villages.
They usually have more of strength of
constitution so favorable to the robust
development of powers of mind, their attention is less diverted by the undue stimulations of the never ending excitements
which are the bane of the city boy. Hence
when youthful mind from the country
comes in contact with youthful mind from
the city, the latter is often sent to the
wall and so uniformly are these indications
manifested, that in order to sustain the
intellectual standard <tt the city it must
needs be constantly recruited from the
country. Hut while this exodus of mind
from tlie country to tho city is largely a
loss to tlie country, it is not a loss to the
state. This can only take place when the
inherent powers of mind lie dormant altogether, or waste their energies to no purpose.
Herein consists one of the greatest mistakes of country life. The residue of mind
power that remains is largely dormant or
aimless, and hence the comparative slowness of tlie advance that the farmer makes
in the material, intellectual or social advancement. The waters of Niagara collected in an inland sea hemmed in by lofty
mount _>is could only float upon their bosom
crafts 'mailer or larger for purposes of
pleasnc or of profit, but rolling anil tumbling w  tlie  rifo*  bed, they  are capable of
generating sufficient power to drive a
number of spindles equal to those employed
in making garments for the entire human
family. So the latent powers ot rural mind
if energized are capable of achieving in the
aggregate, an amount equal to what is now
accomplished by the sum total of human
effort, and even a great deal more than this.
But as the waters of Niagara unutilized are
incapable of driving a single spindle, so the
powers of the human mind running riot are
incapable of producing one atom of gojd.—
[Prof. Thomas Shaw.
Pointers on Dairyinj-
W. W. Grant, Lakefield, Ontario, in a
paper on dairying in the Ontario report
said, that the shrewd, enterprising manufacturer is continually on the alert to find
the machine that will do the greatest possible amount of work. If he is not personally a practical manufacturer, when he
hears of such a machine he employs an expert to investigate it, and if it seems to be
all that is recommended he purchases it at
once. It is not wholly a. question whether
he can afford it, but whether he can afford
to bo without it while some rival manufacturer may get it and thus have the advantage of him.
When the machine is purchasd and
placed in his factory, then comes the additional study in finding the fastest possible
speed at which it may run, without injury
to the quality of work. Finally comes the
question of a man to attend the machine,
or the greatest number of machines that
one man oan oversee. Alter this ia ascertained and the possible capacity of the
machine figured out, the employee is expected to come up very near tlie figures
worked out by the agent and his engineer.
If ten yards ot cloth are estimated to be a
fair product in a certain number of hours,
no fault is tound if he accomplishes only Of
yards, but if lie only accomplished 9.J yards
yards he is discharged and someone else
employed in his place.
It is only by the most careful study and
the utmost crowding, so as to reduce the
cost of production by increasing what one
man or one machine may do, that there is
any profit. But the success of manufacturing, is not entirely in having the best
machinery and running it in the fastest
possible way. Sometimes in mills having
precisely the same kind of machinery, the
difference between success and failure depends upon the way the machinery is arranged in the mill, a more convenient
arrangement, saving labor and promoting
the economical  process of  manufacturing.
In some instances, prosperity andsucces3
are due to buying the raw material, as a
slight difference in percentage of the waste
might wipe out all the profit that there is.
Supposing cotton sells at three cents per
yard and the raw material costs one and
one-half to one and three-fourths cents,
The study of the management is to run
factory so that one and one-fourth to one1
and one-half cents per yard will pay all the
labor, wear and tear of machinery and
buildings, interest on any money which
may have been borrowed and a dividend on
the stock.
Assuming that a man trained in such a
school as this was made acquainted with
the fact that the average dairy cow of this
country produces about 3,(WO pounds of
milk yearly, (and that is putting the average high), and a number of farmers through
the country have herds that yield 5,010
pounds per cow, and that ihe annual cost
of keeping a cow is say $20 and the average
price of milk per cwt. is 80 cents net to him
(supposing, of course, he is sending his milk
to a cheese factory). The manufacturer
looking into the matter would find that the
man with the 3.000 pound cows, is proem'
ing mirfe at a cost of 06 2-3Vents per cwt.,
and the man whoso cows yielded 5,000
pounds at a cost of 40 cents per cwt. and
Doth selling their milk in an open market,
where it is worth 80 cents per cwt., the ono
is making a profit of 131 cents per cwt. and
the other a profit of 40 cents per \ewt. on
his milk. Surely he would say that manufacturing would not stand such a disparity
of production.
I think I have put the ease very mildly,
as I firmly believe there are cows in this
country that cost their owners more than
they earn. But I think the day will soon
be gone when the farmer gets paid fer his
milk by the hundredweight: it will not be
the cow that produces the large quality,
but the cow that gives the best quantity of
milk, and the man will get paid for the
productive qualities of his milk.
skeptical about new things in these days of
farm writers, whose words profusely conceal a lack of real ideas. One fact will
bear constant reiteration. If you don't
know what your crop actually cost, you
can never see prosperity. You can so farm
that you will know, if only sufficient paina
be taken.    Will you do it ?
Reversible Falls " ia the St-  John
River. .
But the .nost picturesque, as well as the
most striking, manifestation of the ti&l
rise and fall ia at tlie mouth of the St. Jo!*
River, at St. John, New Brunswick. Hole
may be witnessed on every tide a change'of
conditions as sudden and as complete aava
quick change of scene in a drama; the
beauty of the landscape, enhanced by this
handiwork of man, adding greatly to the
impresaiveness of the phenomenon. Thisls
locally known as the "reversible falls," although "reversible rapi^u" would be more
appropriate. In a map of St. John and its
environs, drawn in 1784 by an officer of toe
St. John's Loyalists, the matter is referred
to in a marginal note : -
"The falls in this river arc justly rank*l
among the curiosities of the world : thegy
are at the mouth of the river, about one
mile from the entrance, and are navigable
four times iu twenty-four hours, whioh
commands great attention, as only a fey
minutes arc required to pass in safety,      »
"The tide rising from twenty to twent*
four feet, at high water is six feet higher
1 liar; the river, which occasions a fall ia
the river as well as out, the whole water op
the country having to pass between t
rocks sixty yards distant."
The scene of these rapids is  a  boautifi
gorge through  which, in remote  ages, thrf'.'
river appears to have its way.    For twent^UI
minutes  on  each  ebb and flood the riv^Ti
here is as  placid  as a mountain lake on a
tranquil day.    Suddenly a slerak of whitV
spreads across the gorge, and in a few minutes the calm ia succeeded  by the turmoU |<
of rushing, whirling waters. The reflections
of   she   rocky   shores and of the graceful
outlines  of  the  suspension and cantilever
Chased by Wolves-
The winter of 1850-7 was about auch a
winter as the one just past, 1892-3, a little
the coldest of the two, but not quite as
stormy. The thermometer ranged from 30
to 40 degs. below zero, 34 dega. being an
every day stroke of Jack Froat for days at
a time in Minnesota where I then lived.
The snow was two feet deep on a level all
over the country and report said three in
this latitude, northern Illinois.
My parents had moved from Illinois to
Minnesota a few yeara earlier, when times
were flush there and everybody an'l hia
brother were heading for that great northern eldorado. But this extra cold winter
found hard times in full possession and
many a family found it hard keeping the
wolves from the door.
Speaking of wolves brings to my mind an
adventure of mine that winter with a pack
of hungry timber wolvea, on a day cold
enough to make a polar bear hunt his hole.
We were then living in Stillwater, and aa
times were so hard and I waa nineteen
years old and wished to do my part, I was
driving the team between Stillwater and
Taylor Falls, a tov/n at tho head of the
lake, distant about thirty miles. Although
always heavily loaded with merchandise
on the up trip, it wis not a hard journey,
aa the lake generally closed by the loth ol
November, and after that date there waa a
smooth track over the ice from Stillwater to
Taylor's Falls. I often bad a load of venison, skins, tubs, barrels and other things
on the back trip, and sometimes a passenger.
It had been snowing continuously for a
couple of days and I had stayed at home,
but .on January 8 the weather turned off
olealt and cold, and although it waa cold
enough to freeze an Esquimaux, I started
With my load, not very early, however, but
1 had a span of strong young horses, fast
walkers and good travelers, at any gait, so
Hill lilies     ,,t      leiU     DU.jjeeeeciiuie   ue,».»    •*....-..-.-..
bridges which span the mouth of tha gorgr-4 anew I could mike  the thirty  miles be
• -j   ...ij—i.-   tnri. dark if T dieln'f.   freeze  nn   the  road
are obliterated aa if a mirror had suddenly
been ruthlessly shattered
.Practical Pointers-
Take good care of the old horse, or give
him a painless death. Do not let his last
days be days of torture.
Small growers of fruit should always look
for a market near home, and depend o.i that
chiefly. __
I think if farmers would raise more small
fruit and cultivate the garden better, they
would get more profit in it than almost anything else they have on the farm.
The best quality of meat is secured from
a pig and not horn a hog. Therefore wc
should crowd our pigs from birth so aa to get
them fit for market at the earliest possible
age—six months.
There are many agricultural products
that have never been attempted in this
country, simply because attention has not
been called to them. Experiments [are
now being made with a view to widening
our variety of production.
Any one may bo always suspicious of a
horse if a man cracka a whip over him and
makes him " dance around" in the stall.
This ia done for tho purpose of limbering
the horse up, especially if he has a spavin.
—[A Veteriuary Surgeon.
In our opinion it was sheer laziness that
was responsible for the abandoned farina in
Massachusetts. When a farmer gets lazy
he ia the lazieat creature that disfigures
nature, and in return she always refuses to
reward the work of his indolent hands.—
[Cheshire Rupublican.
Enjoyment of the boasted comforts of
country life should be the watchword of the
home. The boy who is compelled to sleep
in u hot attic, while the cool bedroom remains closed, awaiting no expected visitor,
will not value his home, and why should he?
The best is none too good for the ownors—
the parents and their children.
This month is an excellent timo to clear
up the waste places on the farm, cut the
bushes, to clear all obstructions to the
mower and rake, and the best time to cut
down trees for fuel. If deciduous trees are
fallen now, and are allowed to remain without any trimming of their limbs for a month
or so, their value for fuel or timber is greatly increased.
What is money that we should worship
it, and what are large farms to ua when we
form habits in their acquirement that prevent us from getting the beat of life? The
young members of the family cannot see
the worth of a life that ia one continual
"grind," and then comes unrest and a longing for the attractions that ihcy think are
seen in towns.
An agricultural writer must of neceasity
repeat facts.    The avirago rural reader is
A Youth ct;„rcil lo Dentil.    1
The popular pastime of bull fighting is'
conatantly the source of triction between
the authorities and the people in Spain'
Quite recently the Civil Governor in Madrid
had to despatch mounted civic guards to
Vicalvaro, an important military station
near Madrid, in order to preserve the peace,
which waa threatened in consequence of his
refusal to permit the employment of strong
bulls, with bare horns, at the annual rustic
^e r*ull lights at that place. Iu view of the
attitude of the people, the Governor eventually had to give way, and to limit his actio*
to preventing unqualified amateurs from
entering the ring. That these precautions
were wise has just been illustrated at the
village of Leganes, where, in spite of orders
to the contrary, etrong four-year-old bulls
were used in the fight. Thirteen animals
were bro'.ight into the ring, and a number-
of amateur toreadors were tossed or trampled upon, but none of them seriously hurt.
The fourteenth bull, however, a very for;
miiiable beast, chased his assailants round
the ring, and gored one youth to death, In-
spite of this tragic occurrence the fight
continued; several fresh bulls were brought
out, and the fighters were tossed or throi"
to the ground, nobody, however, bet
killed.       ________
One of this Light Brtjaie.  I
Many of our old military readers will
interested in thia item : One of the veteran
"Death or Glory Boys"—the old bugler of
the 17th Lancers, Harry Joy—will give nu
more trumpet ca'ls, nor answer any until
the great roll-call summons all regiments together. He died at Chiawick in his 75th
year. Joy came from an old Yorkshire,
family, joined the 17th Lancers as a boy,
and served the whole of hia time (28 years;
in that regiment. When the Russian war
broke out he was trumpet-major of the
regiment,wentout to the Crimea with it, was
present at every action where cavalry was
employed, and was trumpeter to the Staffo!
General the Earl of Luoan, in command o!
the cavalry brigades at I5.dakla.va. His
was the bugle from which the regimental
trumpeters received tho order for the celebrated Light Brigade charge, and he himself was close behind Major Nolan when'
that officer was killed at. the commencement
of the charge. The bugle is still in possession of tho family. After Joy loft the army
the Duke of Cambridge, the colonel of the
17th, gave him a position in the War Office.
Finally he retired on account of ago,obtaining a civil pension in addition to the military one he enjoyed by right of his long sor-
vice. Ho possessed four medals and foul
clasps, His death takes away one more ol
the famous Light Brigade.
Bpur them on, began to tell on their speed,
and the wolves, which gained in numbers
and courage each moment, began to surround the sled, and one ugly brute made
several leapa at the meat and soon they
were leaping atjua from all sidea ; but the
horses were still going fast and none of
them gained a footing.
"Throw the meat to them ! Mary screamed above the uproar."
Matters were getting desperate ; I must
throw the meat to them or they would take
it, but before I could nuke a move to do so,
several of the wolves had gained the sidea
of tlie horses and were snapping aud snarling at them, while the franiic horses were
plunging, striking and kicking at such a
rate that I could hardly hold on to them,
but grasping the lines firmly in my left
hand I endeavored to hold them to the
track, while with my right I played my
keen blacksnake over the heads of the
bloodthirsty devils whenever 1 could reach
one. Suddenly one savage fellow made a
spring at Dolly's nose and she struck him
down with her sharp-shod fore feet, an
sprang on and over him, crushing the vicious breath out of him ; but she swerved a
little to one side and the right runner of
the sled shot up on the bank of snow at the
roadside and we ttooc. up almost edgewise
for a brief space of time.     Frightened  and
Tlie Wonderful Wealth Awaiting ftn.ci-
opmi'iu- Some Force] VVtlcli may
Have Hindered Hie rrogreri or the
Iron Indmlry.
The Province of Ontario ia one of the
richest mineral countries in tlie world. Tlie
whole northern portion literally teems with
the most valuable ores knowi to science
and civilization. Vet up to a very recent
dale few people, unless it were geologists
such as Sir William Logan, appreciated
the possession of these sources of wealth.
Latterly, however, a Mining Bureau has
been established in Ontario, aud its Annual
Report this year furnishes a large amount
of information and exhibits, in connection
with iron especially, a wealth of reaourcea
suchaa was hardly dreamt of before by the
average citizen. It ia safe to say that the
Address presented by the Port Arthur
Counoil to Sir Oliver Mowat the other day
was well within its bounds in saying that:
"Iron mining on the north shore of lake
Superior will play as important a part in
the in lustries of Canada as it has for years
in the States of Michigan, Wisconsin and
Minnesota. The smelting of this ore under
the fostering care of our Governments will
undoubtedly soon follow. That of itself
should make 1'ort Arthur a city which will
horrified, trying to guide tho te im and keep ! ho the Pittsburg of Canada.'
- « •< . .1 __!-   C 1 e.    ..   lelle!        (j;_V
Irish Trades I'niontsis Adopt a Socialistic
A Belfast special says: -The Trader
Unionists Congress pissed by a vote of 137
to 97 a resolution " that labor candidate-
for Parliament who received financial assist
ance from trades unions shall bo required
to pledge themselve to support the principle
of collective ownership nnd state control o'
the means of production and distribution.
The resolution waa opposed nn the ground
that it committed tho Congress to Contin
ental socialism. Several speakers said thai
tho resolution was a fitting declaration o1
the Congreaa's belief in tho great socialist
John Burns, M. P., supported the resolution, he said, because it cut right to the
kernel of the social labor programme It
did not hide the bugbear which some
Unionists thought must be coneealod under
everything called socialistic. The principle
involved waa like many other principles, for
instance, the nationalization of mines and
railways, which formerly were promulgated
only by Socialists, but, now were recognized
aa part of the Trades Unionists programme.
A Shower of Ants.
A curious phenomenon has just occurred
at the village of Gamlingay, in Cambridgeshire, Eng. A dense cloud waa observed to
be passing over, which suddenly burst, and,
to the astonishment of the villagers, it was
seen to be a shower of anta and similar
wiiuteoVinsects. People and the ground
became smothered with them, and they
swarmed in millions. Every step taken
crushed hundreds of them.
What's within our ken, owl-like, we blink
at, and direct our search to farthest Ind in
quest of novelties, whilst here at home,
upon our very thresholds, ten thousand
objects hustle into view of interest wonderful.
fore dark if I didn't freeze on the road,
which, as I was young and strong and used
to the cold, I did not fear, but when I got
to Taylor's Falls I was willing to sit by a
good fire that evening and liaten to the old
tumberman'8 yarns ; and my team, Fan and
Dolly, were quite as willing to stay in a
good stable and eat hay and oats, and no
doubt listen to gossip of the old pinery
horses, that 1 dare say could have told
wonderful tales, too, if we only could have
understood Latin.
That night was a singer ! 40 below zero, [
and the next morning, although the sun
shone and there waa but little wind, the
cold did not seen to moderate, and aa I
had but little load. I threw on a couple of
empty pine boxes, as I expected to have a
fair passenger and did not intend to let her
freeze her hands or feet, not if I had to
build a fire on the load. I didn't expect to
need them, but thought best to be prepared
for any emergency en such a long, cold trip.
1 always carried matches, an ax and a
scoop shovel to be prepared for snowdrifts
or a breakdown.
On this particular day my load consisted
of tho carcasses of two deer, a pinery ox, a
box of tallow, a couple of boxes and barrels
and a large iron kettle that a man wished
to aend to his brother in Stillwater, and
several ox and deer hides, and a bearskin ;
and last but not least in value, a young
lady ;aged about' eighteen. She had been
visiting a married sister iu Taylor's Falls,
Tuffier parents lived next door to mine she
concluded to ride home  with me.    We ate
'dlunercjAt l.or oiotor'o,aliel telilougl* olit.ttctiii^
amrlaiighing with Borne girls that droppci
in, did not got started until about 2 o'clock.
^A$ the mares' heads were turned homeward they sprang away at a lively rate and
only for the recent heavy fall of snow and
almost unbroken roads, could have made
home soon after dark ; but aa the deep snow
made traveling slow and heavy they were
glad, at the end ot a couple of milea, to
come down to a walk. But as Mary aud 1
wore fur coats, cap3, gloves and shoes, and
were well provided with robea, we thought
we should be able to keep quite comfortable.
The lake was not much over a mile wide at
any point, although fully thlrtysix miles
long, The road seldom ran more than one-
fourth of a mile from the wooded bank,and
ohen very near the shore.
The horses tossed their heads and stepped
along at a swinging walk, breaking into a
trot now and then without any urging. The
3now w.is deep and the sun shone over an
expanse of inteu3e whiteness to the east,
until the white in the distance mingled with
the dark forest beyond, and to the west ihe
pure white was soon lost in the dark green
of tho pine woods ; while to the north and
south as far as the eye could reach extended
one vast white plain.
But we were young and full of life and
health, and our blood bounded through our
veina with a strength and heat that made life
a thrill of gladness, the air in these cold
latitudes being the true elixir of life.
We had travelled about sixteen miles
when Mary atopned in the middle of n laugh
to exclaim : What ails Dolly? Look at
W ears I and '''an, too ! They see something unusual."
I ue road here ran but a few rods from
the shore, and just aa I looked ahead three
large, lean, hungry-looking timber wolvea
stepped from behind a clump of hazel bush
on the bank. The horses snorted and pranced, shying and passing the spot nn the
jump. The wolves pointed their sharp noses
,u us and sniffed at our load of meat, but
"tho horses did not atop for them to investigate, but tore past like the wind. At length
I got them quieted down to a walk, when
Mary remarked ;
" [ am glad they are not Russian wolvea,'
" And th it we are not Russians," I answered.
" Driving in Russia," said Mary.
And then, because we wero young and
happy, we laughed.
In a few minutes, feeling somo curiosity
to know if our wolvos were still in sight, I
looked back and, although not frightened
waa certainly surpriaed to aee as many as
eight big fellows trotting no more than a
quarter of a mile behind. Mary was telling
about the New Year's ball she attended the
week before at Taylor's Falls, so I did not
tell her to look back, but felt a desire to do
so myself. Soon we both gave a start and
looked back as a chorus of yella saluted our
ears and the frightened horses nearly jumped nut of the harness, but aa good luck
would have it the wholo rig was strong
and away we went away with a gang of
hungry, howling devils at our heels. I
could not look back, but from the clatter
they made there ought to have been at least
a hundred of them and Mary, who watched
them for a while, said they seemed to be
coming from the woods and brush and joining in tho cbaae and ear-splitting savage
yells every moment till the ico fairly
swarmed with them.
1 Our horses were true grit from the fine
distended nostril to the gracoful limbs end
Arm feet; but a run of five miles through
(Jeep snow over an almost unbroken track,
With the yella of nearly fifty demons to
my balance, I cast one despairing glance at
my companion to meet her white face and
horror-filled eyes as she started to slip over
into the snow among the wolves.
I never knew how it happened, but just
aa I had given Mary up for loat tho horsea
gave a desperate spring, tho sled righted
and when I came to my senses enough to
try to stop the team I felt Mary clinging to
my arm. Well, then I believe I tried to
faint; but she didn't give ine timo.
" Now is your time to throw out the
meat!" she gasped. " Some of it rolled out
and they arc lighting over it."
" Can't you drive ?" I asked.
" Yes; give me the lines."
"Now, for God's sake don't let them
upset us, or wcare loat]" I said as I handed
the reins to her, and rising went to the back
end of the sled and prepared to throw the
load out. Suro enough, one or two of the
hides had rolled out and they were tearing
them and each other. I rolled an ox hide
out and under it was a large iron kettle
which put a lucky idea into my head. 1
had uy pocket knife, which was very large
and sharp, in my hand and hastily splitting
aome splinters and shavings off an old pine,
I lighted a bunch of matcher, and soon had
a blaze; then seizing my ax I cut up boxes
and piled into the kettle, then threw tallow
on tho flames and soon had a big fire blazing
in the hind end of tlie sled. The sun was
down and it was getting toward dusk, but
was still too light to let the fire caat a very
bright glow, but I thought I would try its
effect on the yelping brutes. By the timo
I had my fire lighte.l they were again in full
pursuit and aa the horses could no longer
keep at full speed they were soon snapping,
snarling and leaping at the sled. One old
she-devil, making a desperate spring, landed with paws and nose over the edge of the
kettle and with a wild yelp tumbled backward into the snow and was lost to sight
as the reat rushed over her. Another hung
with hia fore feet over the edge of the sled
and I chopped one of them off and he was
willing to let go. I made a large torch and
aa they stuck their ugly muzzles near enough
I struck them in tho face with it.
The fire seemed to check their onslaught,
in a measure; from the first, and now it was
fast becoming  dark.
It would soon be as dark as the while
snow would admit. I kept piling in boxes
nnd tallow, and the blaze row leapt unite
high and seemed to inspire our pursuing
demons with a proper respect. Soon they
allowed the tired horses to gradually gaiti
on them, and finally shut up some of their
blood-curdling yells, and at laat stood still
and watched our fire ; then began to slink
off, a few at a time, but when we were at
laat aome distance apart they gave us a
parting salute that fairly caused the
heavens and the earth to quake and the
poor, tired horsea to set off at a renewed
I did not dare to throw the fire out, but
left it at the risk of burning the sled, box
and everything in it. Wo were still about
four miles from home when I stopped feeding my fire and took the lines from the tired
and frightened, though certainly brave,
girl. She hadn't uttered a word after
taking the lines, but put all her strength
aud attention to guiding and controlling
the horses ; but now, aa ahe paased them lo
me, she said, with a little quivering smile :
"Thank  goodness I"
The horses were reeking with sweat and
trembling in every limb, but I had to keep
them going, not only to get home, but to
keep them from suffering seriously from
their mad run.
Aa soon aa possible I turned to Miry and
" I thought you were lost Biire ; how did
you ever save yourself from falling into the
jaws of those ravenous wolves ?"
" Well, I really don't know ; when I
found myself going I threw out my hands
and, like a drowning man, seized the first
thing in roach ; it happened to be, first, the
iron rods in the back of the seat and your
arm next," she anawered.
We did not laugh, nor even talk much
during the remainder of the journey ; and I
never took that trip again without being
armed and as well prepared as possible for
the varmints j and my horses never forgot
to snort and quicken their pace when passing that clump of hazel brush, but we never
encountered more than a half dozen wolves
on tho while route after that day ; but I
waa careful to start early enough to make
it before dark. I never heard of any one
being molested by wolvea on that route after
ward ; but about five years earlier a man
waa devoured by wolves on the aamo road,
about eight or ton miles from Stillwater.
His team came into town alone about il
o'clock one night, and a party going out to
search for him found his remains, a few
bonea and pieces of hia clothes strewn over
the ico. The wolvea had evidently been gone
but a short time, frightened away probably
by the approaching party. It was a bitter
cold night and as a whisky bottle was found
among the ghastly remains it was thought
that, being stupefied by cold and drink to
gether, when the wolves began tho pursuit
he loat control ol his horsea, as the sleigh
had been overturned and dragged for some
distance,       _^^^^^^^^^ ^^^^
It was many years ere I ceased to hear
those fiendish yells in my dreams, and to
always seemed a miracle that we escaped it
tell the tale.
Nearly all the farm work in Paraguay is
done by women, while tho men lounge
around, play carda, and amoke. Farming
ia the chief industry of that country, and
tho men are so happy and indolent that they
view with alarm any enterprise which would
call for masculine labor.
The United States has 1235 lighthouses
and beacons, thirty-two light-ships, 107 fog
signals worked by steam, 187 by clockwork,
1701 river lights and 4:280 buoys of various
So far back as 1810, Sir William Logan
wrote a report in which ho announced the
probability that the banks of the Ottawa
river and its tributaries, as well as those of
tho St. Lawrence, were supplied with vast
stores of iron ore. Referring to the evidence
of these mineral riches, .shown at tho Lon-
lon Exhibition of 1851, he said that the
British miner, accustomed to follow beds of
__________*_________,      -ir»oeni' **iroD'DH^'
urally regarded with ssTJiriae great blocks
of the precious metal yeliding 00 or 70 per
oet. of metallic iron. As the quality of
Canadian iron is very similar to that of
Sweden, which is favored by British smolt-
ers for steel, Sir William pointed out that
it only remained to show where fuel was to
be obtained in paying quantities in order to
make Canadian mining a great success.
There now seems little room to doubt that
cheaper transportation and convenient
railways have made this possible in a
thousand directions.
In the Canadian Naturalist and Geologist not long since there appeared an
estimate of the capabilities of some of
the districts in the Ottawa basin by Mr.
Billings, for many years conneoted with
the Geological Survey. The Hull mine, he
thought, touched a vein which underlay
the country for many milea and contained
probably 250,000,000 tons of pure iron.
Ol the Crosby mine on the Rideau canal
he was very optimistic. This ia estimated
to contain 500,000,000 tons, a bulk of metal
which would tako the whole mining force of
Britain and the States one hundred years
to exhaust. In South Sherbrook he speaks
of abed 01) feet in thickness and having 100,-
000,000 tons of pure metal. The beds from
which the Marmora iron works were then
supplied might be estimated as containing
100,000,000 tons -enough oil told to yield
1,000 tons a day for 3,000 years. And
yet, as he very properly pointed out, these
deposits were only a part of the known iron
wealth of the Province. But through Mr.
Billings' estimates have never been questioned, it is hard to understand how audi
immense reaourses could lie idle so long
when iron on the line of the Rideau canal
could be mined, loaded, delivered at Kingston and transferred to boats for Cleveland
and Oswego at $2.25 nertivs. when iron ore
for many yc-ars waa selling iu YKuburg at
§0 per (-•on. Even at present pricei there
is a, fair profit. Lack of capital, «ck ot
cii^r. Bm m fiscal policies, lae*rT.on 0f
the necJjgaary energy, may have all been
factors. V j
North of Kingston; .Jtylleville md Coburg
large deposits are known*tte j^x3t, aud_so.
far back as 1823 a blast furnace wa%-efected
in Marmora township. Large portions of
Addington, Frontenac and Hastings also
possess iron ore, and the Howse iron mine in
Bedford township was well known for many
years. In order to open up these and othe';
districts the Kingston and Pembroke rail
.vav has been constructed, and $2,000,000
waa spent upon the Central Ontario Railway, Mr. Ledyard, of Toronto, owns a
mine at Belmont which is leased to an
American Company and is to be shortly in
operation, and the Bancroft Iron Company
are building a railway to connect their
mines with the Midland, while iron interests
in Algoma are being resolutely pushed to
the front. That the industries in Ontario
connected with iron are neither small nor
unimpotrant ia apparent ffjom the following
table which wo take from Mr, Blue's Mining Bureau report, and compiled Loin the
censua of 1881 :
Km- Valuo
Industries. ploycs.      Wages      of
Agricultural    im-
3.000,5 '0
Car   nnd   ldcomo-
tivo works	
K Igcd tool   works
SOS 000
Fire pr oof    safo
Fittings and foun
dry work in iron,
brass, lead, etc...
1,388; 805
Foundry   anil ina-
Nail and lack fac-
Ilivet factories —
Rolling mills	
100,0 w
^ ■ 1 W       11 till      til 14       IMI I   -
'    .In       llllll     'lit      UUIl
Scale factories —
"crow lactorlos...
Sewing    machine
Spring   and  axlo
Steel making	
Sieel   liarb   fenco
Tin and sheet-iron
Wire work 	
Total 21,900  17,103,6113   123,000,257
Many of these establishments, numbering
in all 4,027 and using raw material valued
at $'.1,883,420, have greatly expanded in the
paat ten years. %
Space will not permit of considering the
great Lake Superior minerals a j length.
Suffice it to say that the great iron ranges of
Minnesota extend into Ontario and that
they teem with iron ore to a desroe unequalled in the State they originate in. Mr.
Conmee, M. P. P., statea that his firm has
a contract to ship 1,000,000 ;or«i of iron
from these sections at tho rate of 100,000
tons a year, to American centres for smelting or other purposes. Mr. Peter McKellat
speaks of the great iron deposit); in the Atik'
okan range, and doubts if there is in all
America a deposit equal to it in quantity,
quality and advantages for mining. There
should be no great difficulty in getting this
industry into full play. The iron can bo delivered at a Lake Erie port for $£ 10 aud it
is worth $0 a ton in Clevelaud.
We can not control the evil Wlgues eH
others, but a sr?v<'. ,Ur. *.u»bl#» wj-So despisl
| Two Tisier Oats Take Possession   of the
Brig Dolphin-
tos and Mill Build Hoil or llir- Mysterl-
oai Firing Dutchmen, 114 11 Story or
Such a Vision Shows-Ship Towed ror
mile* liy Some Marine Monster.
At 10 o'clock of a September evening
twenty years ago the brig Dolphin, bound
from Demerara to 1'ernainbuco, ws.s oil the
mouth of the Para river and making about
two ki'.uts an hour in the light breeze when
the lookout reported the hulk of a vessel
dead ahead. He had not been keeping a
vigilant watch or he would have seen the
obstruction sooner. It was not ahu'k, but
a tree with a very large top, and before the
helm could be shifted the brig ran slap into
it. The collision was not a violent one.and
under ordinary circumstances we should
have been put to no more trouble than using
the axes for a few minutes. Ail of ua in
the watch on deck at the time knew that it
waa a tree we had run iuto, and all were
called forward to assist in clearing it away.
Only one man had reached the heel of the
bowsprit when a couple of large tiger cats
came over the bows growling and spitting,
and every man rushed aft. Wo were thirty-
five miles offshore, and had there been anything like a breeze we should have been in
a bad situation. Everybody aboard was
soon made acquainted with the state of affairs, but that didn't help the case any.
There wasn't even a single-barreled pistol
aboard, and it soon became evident that
visitore. They had probably been afloat
two or three days at the least, for they
were Buffering with hunger and thirst.
They scented the fresh water in the scuttle
butt at the foremast, but of course could
not readily get at it. They climbed over
the caBk, scratching, biting, yowling, and
while aome of the men took to the rigging
of the mainmast the remainder found shelter in the cabin.
The helm being deserted, the brig slowly
broached to, carrying the tree fast to her
bows,butas she waatakenaback theobatruc-
Lion waa cleared. We could not see these
things from the cabin, but knew when they
occurred. Fortunately for us the wind kept
falling and the weather was steady. Had
it breezed up Bmartly we should have met
with disaster. A ship's scuttle batt or
water barrel is ai stoutly made aa a cider
barrel. It did not take the tiger cats over
a quarto?: of an hour to pierce one of the
heads with their strong, sharp teeth, and
as the water poured out on deck they fought
to see which ahould get tho first taste. It
waa a good half hour before their thirst was
assuaged, and then they were ready to
rummage around for something to eat.
They came sniffiog and yowling about the
cabin doors and skylight in a way to make
our hair stand on end, but they could not
get at ua. The Dolphin had a fo'castle iu
place of a deckhouse, and in roaming around
the decks the tiger cats came to the opening, the slide of which was pushed back.
The scent of something attracted them, and
after a little hesitation they leaped down.
We in the cabin did not know this, and no
id vantage would have been taken butforthe
■lourage of one of the sailors aloft. He aaw
the animals go forward, but only suspected
that they had entered the fo'castle. He
descended to the rail, pulled off bis boots,
and then —n forward and closed the-Slide
and fastened i_    We were then free to
I  take possession of the decks and get the
l^brig out of heuhr,
We had raptured tht eats, but they had
captured the fo'castle. For about two
hours they kept up auch a racket that every
man waareadyto spring aloftat an instant's
notice. Being turned out of their quarters
the crew had to bunk on deck, but it waa
after midnight before any one felt aleepy.
We had no means of
and it waa finally decided to feed them and
take them into port. Thia plan we carried out.but we had better tried some other,
oven to starving them in the fo'castle. We
could find no one who would buy them,and
had to pay a government official $15 for
the services of six soldiers to kill them.
The men were half a day in accomplishing
this, and fired over a hundred bullets into
the fo'castle. When wo had a chance to
inspect the place we were amazed at the
havoc wrought. Everything in the line of
bedding and clothing had been torn to
shredb, and the four missing pairs of rubber
boots must have been devoured by the
hungry beasts when they first entered tho
place. The bad luck did not stop there.
in securing the claws as relics one of the
men received a deep scratch on his hand,
and within a few hours blood poisoning aet
iu and resulted in his death.
The landsman calls the sailor superstitious
because the latter sees and relates things
which cannot possibly happen to the former
and for that reason he denies that thty can
happen at all. It would be next to impossible to find a sailer, no matter what hia
nationality, who believes in the legend of
the "Fiying Dutchman," hut there are hun-
dreda of them who have witnessed strange
things in strange crafts at sea.    We were
I off the coast of Liberia, bound from Liverpool to St. Paul de Luanda, when I turned
out on watch one night at midnight. We
were storming along like a railroad train
when 1 got u hail from  the lookout, who
j was an oldish man and one to be 'depended
on. I went forward in answer, and he looked foolish and confused as he explained
that he too'ig'it he had sighted a ship dead
ahead of us. I took a long look with my
glasses, but nothing was to be seen. It
wasn't over ten minutes before the man
hailed me again, and it  turned out  as be-
| fore.
"I'm sorry to have troubled you, sir,"
said the man aa he shaded his eyes and
peered into the gloom  ahead,  "but on my
I honor I waa sure 1 made out a craft ahead."
He waa   to be commended for hia vigil-
I ance rather than reproved for hia delusion,
but nevertheless when I went  forward in
I reap»nso to his third hail  and could  see
I nothing he got a blessing intended to
sharpen his eyesight.    I was still speaking
I when
on our port bow and not a cable's leng
away. Everything from mastheads dov
to rail, waa clear enough to the naked eye?
I but the decks were shrouded in a sort of
haze.    Thr.vig'.'. my glasses I saw a man at
I the wheel, an officer walking the quarter
deck, and a man on the lookout. We
gained on her foot by foot. .She waa just
out of our road, but when we came abreast
of her she was noft 100 feet away. I hailed
her three times, but not one of the figures
I on her decks turned hia face our way. Foot
I by foot wo dropped her aatern, and though
Idid not believe I hml seen a ghostly craft
I 1 waa obliged t'j admit that she was at least
a mysterious one. Ne::t day the wind died
out, and ^e were overhauled Vy the bark
St.  Charles of London   boiwi) V> Congo.
I Toil wor U"! craft tfe tad passed the night
before. We were the better sailer in a top
sail breeze and had, therefore, overhauled
and paaaed her. Aa the wind decreased she
had the advantage and recovered her position. The lookout had sighted her through
rifts in the haze which hung about ua, but
which the naked eye could not detect.
They had not heard my voice because the
wind carried it forward. The only lookout
kept on a ship is forward, and so they had
not seen orr craft.
In the month of August, 18G8, the whale-
ship Phantom of Boston was bearing up for
Christmas island off the aouth coaat of Java
to replenish her wood and water. We were
about forty miles due south of the island
and were rolling about on a ground swell
without breeze sufficient to fill a sail, when
a Javanese craft of about 103 tons burden
was sighted coming down upon us from the
souih at a apead of seven or eight knots an
hour. There waa no wind, and she had no
sail set, and when ahe passed us a quarter
of a mile away we were tilled with speculation and astonishment. It would have
been a mysterious yarn to spin ashore had
we not been boarded by one of her crew,
aa she was passing, and swam to U3. He
explained that she waa a craft belonging to
tho government of Lombok, one of the islands to the east of Java proper, and that
the governor and hia wife aud oflieia's were
aboard of her. She had reached Christmas
island just at daybreak and cast anchor,
but half an hour later something bad picked up her anchor and towed her cut to aca.
Having but the one anchor and there being no wind it was perhaps good aeamanahip
not to alip the cable aud let the marine monster carry off the mass of iron. The sailor
had been ordered by the governor to leap
overboard and request our captain to tender
such assistance as he could as soon as a
breeze sprang up. This we were ready to
do, but it waa nearly six hours before the
wind came. Meanwhile the native craft
had beenperformingsome curious evolutions.
She ran to the south for three or four miles
and then returned almost over the same
course. For an hour she waa towed about
in a circle. Then she ran to the uaat—turned to the north—swerved around to the
west, and finally came back to ua. No one
could make out what sort of a monster had
hold of her anchor. Had it been a whale he
would have had to show on the surface
sooner or later, and he would have run
straight away in hia fright. Nothing that
we had ever seen seemed strong enough to
tow that craft the best part of a day without a moment's rest. 1 have asked several
naturalists what it could have been,
and none of them was clear about it, though
leaning to the belief that it waa a species of
devil fish.
The craft was two miles away when the
breeze finally came, and she was being
towed in a circle when we got near enough
to lower a boat and carry a rope to her. No
sooner had
felt the strain of our ship behind him than
the anchor waa loosened. When it waa
brought to the surface there were no evidences that it had been torn loose from gills
or mouth, and it ia a myatery how it was
carried around ao long.
There ia no stranger tale of sailor life than
that to be related of the fate of a portion of
tho crew of the French ship Empress,
wrecked on one of the Maldivh islands, in
the Arabian sea, fifteen years ago. She was
a laree ship, making a voyage to India, and
had a crew oj eighteen men. She was blown
far out of her course by a gale and badly
damaged, and one night at midnight she
'      -k Hreuf three milea off the oouth nWcrc
I of Addoo island. She soon broke up, and
ten of the crew reached the shore on the
wreckage. The island was not inhabited
but they found plenty of freah water and a
great deal of stuff drifted ashore from the
wreck. They set up a tent and made themselves comfortable, and as all the officers
had perished the men determined to have a
good time of it before being taken off. To
the east of their island and separated by a
channel not over 200 feet wide, through
deep enough to float a ship, was an island of
about an acre in extent. It was mostly of
rock and had neither water nor verdure.
One day while the men were bathing one
of them crosaed the channel to this island
and found some ourlous carvings on a rock.
He jumped to the conclusion that there was
buried treasure there, and upon his return
his story so excited tho others that they set
out at once to see for themselves. He waa
tired with his swim and did not go with
them. They had been on the island three
weeks and had bathed in the channel daily
without seeing a shark. Francois Moran
waa the name of this man, and he related
that the swimmers had scarcely reached the
rocky island when
made their appearance and began patrolling
the channel. It was a matter for jest at
first, butafter an hour or two the men on
the rock began to realize the fix they were
in. While the weather was warm they
were without food or drink, and they were
also tormented by gnats.
Tho crossing was made about 10 o'clock
in the forenoon. Soon after noon sonic of
the men entered the water to return, thinking to shout and splash and frighten the
sharks away, but two of them were quickly
seized and drawn under and two more large
sharka made their appearance. This put an
end to all further idea of quitting the rocks
by swimming while the sharks remained. The
survivors drew away to the centre of the
iBland and there apent tha rest of the day
and all of the night, but next morning
thero were five sharks patrolling up and
down the channel. The sailors had rescued
several barrels of beef and pork from the
Boa. Moran was instructed to throw all
this meat to the fish and thus satiate them,
and he oponed tho barrels and heaved every
piece into the waters of the channel. The
result was what might have been anticipated had the sailors reflected a bit. While
the five sentinels doubtless got Home of the.
meat, the splashing or the scent of food
called up a school of ground sharks to
devour the bulk of it. The sailors flung
rocks at the fish until their arms ached, but
they would not be driven away. Whenever
a man approached the water they made
ready to ruBh at him, and it would Birrply
have been going to a horrible1 death to attempt the passage.
Moran exerted himself to the utmo3t to
relieve his shipmates. He tried to float
logs and planks across them to make a raft,
but there was a current to baffle him. He
c||islructed a fire raft end floated it through
trie channel, but it did not frighten the
monsters in the least. Had the men on the
small island kept their heada he would have
saved them. Ho built a raft, attached
length inough of rope to cross the channel,
and then by means of a stone heaved a stout
cord across. This was on the third day of
their captivity. They wero so eager for the
raft that they broke the string in pulling
over tho rcpo. This occurred several times,
and when they finally got tho ropo they
fought over it and tho raft got loose. It
took Moran two days to complete another,
but by that time the sailors were lying help-
leas and could not be aroused.   The seven
of them huddle! together and ded, and
they had been dead for three weeks when a
craft put iu and rescued Moran, who waa
little better than a lunatic for long weeks
The Grew or (he Brl-; timid Sol Save lllm
Haw-ever   Hard They   Tried.
At midnight tha night of Aug. 28, ISO 9,
the order waa paaaed along the decka of the
ship to stand ready to heave her to. We
were midway between the Island of St. Paul
and the Cape of Good Hope, racing for the
cape. For eight hours we had been driving
on like a wild locomotive, followed by the
mighty waves of the great Indian ocean,
but the ship could no longer outrun them,
though driven by the power of a hurricane.
She must be brought head to the sea to save
her. During the next ten minutes the
chances against her were as twenty to one
and at the critical moment her decks were
so deluged that the great ta'nric seemed to
be settling down under out feet. Men cried
out and then shut their eyes and ceased to
breathe. It seemed an age before she swung
around to meet the waves head on, and
the wheel was lashed to keep her on tho
port tack, but when that had been done
human hands could do no more.
Running oil before the gale we had not
felt its full force, but now it waa enough
to appall the atoutest heart. The roar of
Niagara would have been drowned 101)
timed over. There waa such ashrieking and
screaming from up aloft that one became
cowardly in spite of himself, aud the motion of the ship obliged every jpan to lash
himself where he stood. It wafthc brightest of moons and the clearest of skies, and
yet that hurricane came out of the .west as
if driven by all tho steam power of a continent. Now the ship almost stood on her
rudder as she went climbing up the slope
of a wave which seemed to roll higher than
our mastheads ; now ahe went racing down
on the other side with the speed of a railroad train, and it seemed aa if the abysa
waa 1,000 feet deep and that she must find
bottom. From 12 30 to daylight it seemed
simply a question of how quick the ,end
would come.
Aa the sun came up the wind dropped a
little, but the spectacle was one on which
many of the men refused to look. The great
ocean was a bed of froth, and rising out of
the froth were regular walls of green water
crested with foam, which reared themselves
to a height of forty or fifty feet and raced
into the eastern horizon at a speed of a mile
a minute. Sunrise found us lashed where
we were at midnight, and noon had come
belore any man dared move about. The
gale had broken and the spoondrift was no
longer flung over us like fresh snow, but it
would be houra before wo could get the ship
on her course. The men were nibbling at
the only food to be got at when the lookout
gave an alarm. On our Btarboard bow,
drifting at the same rate we were and now
hidden by froth and now heaved clearly into
view, waa a man lashed to a hatch cover.
He waa not above fifty feet away,and as we
gathered at the rail he waved his hand to
us. Somewhere to the weat of 113 his ship
had foundered during the night.
Aa we had the wind and sea in our favor,
we tried to float him out a buoy. It would
almost roach him and then whirl away
aatern, as if carried by some current created by the hull of the ship. If he shouted,
we could not hear him, but each time we
pulled the buoy back to make a fresh trial
he encouraged us with a gesture. We made
a doaen attempts before we gave it up, and
then;we got out the signal gin and tried to
fire a line over-him. With ah ordinary
sea running his chances would have been
good. If too rough for a boat, we could
have got the buoy to him or sent him a
line by the gun. With the gale still piping and the waves running so tremendously high we could do nothing aa i: ought
to be done. Twice the line fell fairly over
his float. Once it waB just as the foam
smothered him, and ho could neither see
nor aet, and again he got hold of it with
his right hand, but he could not stand the
strain of pulling in, and had to let go. It
was a horrible thing to stand and watch
that man and imagine his feelings. A
hundredifset, from him was certain salvation, but he could not reach us, and we
could not reach him.
After he let go of the line he seemed to
realue that it wa3 a useless tight, and he
waved his hand to us as if to say that we
need make no further efforts, but we tried
both buoy anil cannon again. The sea was
determined to have his life, and after two
hours' work the mate signalled to him that
we could do 110 more until the sea went
down. Juat then some mysterious action
of wind and wave began to increase his distance from us. He noticed it as soon as we
did, and making a gesture which meant
"good-by" he turned his face away from us
and was soon out of sight, drifting away
into an expanse whose nearest shore was
the coast of Africa.
" Poor man !" sighed the mate, when he
could no longer make out anything through
his glasses.
" Poor man I" sighed everyone else
aboard, when it was known that he had
disappeared, and that another sunrise
would witness a corpse lashed to tho wreckage and tumbling about on the still angry
bosom of old ocean.
Her Majesty's fnvate Lawyer-
Little is known by the ordinary public of
the late Sir Arnold White, private solicitor
to Her Majesty and other members of the
Royal family, but ho waa a man who exercised a considerable influence in the private affairs of eminent personages. The
Telegraph says that those quiet rooms iu
Great Marlborough Btreet, which Sir Arnold
White oocupied for bo many years, could
tell many an interesting talo were their
walls endowed with the gift of speech. The
senior partner—tall, lean, gray-haired and
clean-shaven, but with an eternal cigar
between his lips,—looked to perfection the
part which had been assigned to him in
life. He had made marriage settlements
for all the members of the Royal family who
in his time had entered the holy estate of
matrimony.and had also prepared their willa
for signature. The mysteries surrounding
the last will and testament of the Prince
Consort, as to whioh so much vague and
utterly baselesa hypothesis has been indulged, were locked in his faithful bosom.
No Disappointment
Can arise from the use of the great sure-pop
corn-cure—Putnam's Painless Corn Extractor. Putnam's Extractor removes corns
paiidessly in a few days. Take no substitute.    At druggists.
The sheriffs of London annually pay into
U12 British exchequer six horseshoes with
the proper number of nails as rent for a
piece of ground iu the parish of St.
Clements. In 1234 this lot was rented
from the criwn by a blacksmith to build a
shop on, and afterward the property came
into the handa of the city corporation at
the same rental. The horseshoes and nails
have been annually paid ever since the date
The Thonght of Her-
I Are not whether the skies arc blue,
Oi the clouds hen.'.over me—
A sweet thought comes with the thought of
You love me dear, you love me.
When iho world is cold  and it's friendships
And toil ^ee!n^ a Vain endeavor,
A sweet thought sings to my soul of you
And the world is sweet forevcrl
And love—my love-with tho bright eyes ! rue
And the red lips kind with kisses,
There is no love like my love for you—
No joy in the world like this is!
And whether I he skies aro black or blue,
Willi starsor storms above inc.
My life will shine with tho thought ot you —
You lovo me, dear, you love me I
The Clover-
Some sing of the lily and daisy and rose,
And the pinsics ami pinks that the summer
time throws
In tho green, grassy lap of the modiler, that
Bllnkln'UB at tho skies through the sunshiny
But What ll Ihe lily, anil all of the rest
Of the flowers,   to a man  with a hoart in his
Thathasili;ipcilbriininin'fullof the honey and
Of tho Hwcet clover blossoms  nil  boyhood
I neve r selhcvcy on 11 clover field now.
Or fool roiiyiil a liable, or climb in the mow.
But my clililliiiod comes hack just as clear and
as p'.-Un
As the snuCl of the clover I'm snitlln' again ;
Anil I wii.' iii- away In a hare-font ed dream.
Where 1 lA'cS'le my loos in the blossoms that
With the rjaw of tho dawn of the morning of
lCrc it Wflf 0 er the   graves that I in weeping
And so I love clover.   It seem? like a part
Of tho sacrcdest porrows and joys of my heart;
And whorover it  blossoms,  oh! there let 1110
And thank the good Lord as I'm thankm Ilim
now, ' ,      ,      1
Ami pray to Him still for tho strength when I
To go out in tho clover and tell itgood-byc,
And lovingly nestle my face in its bloom.
While my soul slips away on a breath or perfume,
—[James Whitcomb lliley.
That Hat.
I won llor "Yea!" I kis«od her lips,
1 searched her eyes with thought elate:
Her deep  blue cyea  wero   fraught with
How could my darling hesitate ?
I coaxed tho cause of trouble forth ;
She murmured " Is my hat on straight?'
Weeks flew, she was my wedded wife ;
The carriage stood boside the gate
To bear us to our dear new homo,
My joy was quito intemperate.
I'whispered low, " my love, my own ?"
As forth wo fared in bridal state,
With cyolashes nil wet with tears
She answered " is my hat on strni ghtl
Reverses dimmed those early years,
My downfall was precepitat.e,
Igently broke the news to her,
My nngel wife and loving mato.
Our llttloa.il was at the dogs
And we should have to emigrate.
She trustingly made answer brave,
With continence for any f .to.
• 'You'll make another fortune dear,
Bui, tell mo, is my hat on straight 1"
Sho snatched our baby from its death
Upon an engine's path irate;
She spoke a speech with much applause
Upon the day wo celebrato :
She sinjflehanded warned and fired
A serving man intoxicate,
But attar every feat supreme.
Whsil my pride would intimate,
'   Jno would always say ;
' Hbfnice! But. is my hat on straight!
■i 1   'Jioar lo I'lod anil man;
1 WhaSails your graceful little pate I -
Why IsZliat |;\voot, delightful hat
j8olHJtoulttoiiavigat,d I
Knowledge of good and evil you
Ere you were summoned to vacate,
SnatclHSl at In Eden and secured
With penalties commensurate.
But will you never, never know,
Fronmow till beauty's doom and dato,
Past poradvontureof atloubt,
Whether you have your hat on straight?
—[A. L. Townsond.
Cm Old lire Company-
"That waa a gay old company that we
belonged to, Joe, away back in 'OS, when
you and I 'raft with the machine.' Do you
remember that big fire in Hotel Row, one
freezing night, when fifteen people were
pulled out of their burning rooms and came
down the ladder in their night-clothes ; and
how 'Dick ' Greene brought down two 'kids'
at once— one in. his anna, the other slung
to his back? Poor 'Dick'! He got the
catarrh dreadfully, from so much exposure,
and suffered from it five years or more. We
thought once he was going in consumption,
sure. But, finally, he heard of Dr. Sage's
Catarrh Remedy, and tried it, and it cured
him up aa sound as a flint. I tell you, Joe,
that catarrh remedy is a great thing. It
saved as good a man and as brave a fireman
as ever trod she leather."
Seeing ia not always believing. For instance, we see liars frequently.
The first Roman brass coins weighed J000
Farmer .Bruihfence—" Haouw did old
Pothook ever, pay thet heavy doctor's bill
he ran up all winter?" Farmer Hoecorn—
" He got the doctor to come out an' board
with him f«r a week this summer."
Hood's gai'siipa-
,'il'a now levant to bow
ami say
• >.   Mrs. riiislf'y.
' TrtaPlk You'
1 wasbadly-nffectedwith
B> zernin anil Hcrol u In
*<i;'c«, covering almost
the whole of ono side of
my face, marly to the
top of my head, llunnlng sores discharged
front both ears, afyoyes vera very had, the
< i< lld» no lore it was painful opening or
closing them. For nearly a year I was deaf.
1 went to the hospital niul had nn operation
performed for the removal of a cataract from
one eye.   One day my sister brought 1110
Hood's Sarsaparilla
which I took, and gradually began to feel better" and stronger, and slowly the sores on my
eyes and in my ears healed. 1 can now hear
and see as well as ever." Mrs. Amanda Paisley, 17(1 Lander Street, Newburgh, N, Y.
HOOD'8 PlLL3 euro nil Liver Ills, jaundice,
lick headache, billuuauess, sour atumaeh, nausea;
Rubber Stamps
(.let City RobberStamp Works. Toronto
An Important Scientific Discovery-
Nerviline, the latest discovered pain
remedy, may safely challenge the world for
a substitute" that will as speedily ami
promptly check inflammatory action. The
highly penetrating properties of Nerviline
make it never failing in all cases of rheumatism, neuralgia, cramp3, pains in the back
and side, headache, lumbago, etc. It possesses marked stimulating and counter
irritant properties, and at once subdues all
inflammatory action. Ormand k Walsh,
druggists, Peterboro', write : " Our cua-
tomera apeak well of Nerviline." Large
bottlca 25 cents. Try Nerviline, the great
internal and external pain cure. Said by
all druggiata and country dealers.
The " benefit of clergy" waa a legal diatom which allowed prie3ts to withdraw
their cases from a secular to an ecclesiastical
court. The evidence of being a clergyman
waa an ability to read. If a man could
read only a single verse he was entitled to
the benefit of clergy.
Dr. Harvey's Southern Red Pine for
coughs and colds ia the moat reliable and
pericct cough medicine in the market. For
ale everywhere.
The English are often slower in starting
on an undertaking, but more solid in building, leas visionary and theoretical, than
oilier nations.
(lootlie states that he one day saw the
exact counterpart of himself coining toward
A. P. (170.
Best inthe World!
Get the Genuine!
Sold Everywhere!
The Wealth
Is in Pure Rich
Blood; to enrich
the blood is like
putting money out at interest,
Of Pure Norwegian Cod Liver Oil J
and Hypophosphites
posseses blood enriching properties in |
a remarkable degree.   Are you all run I
down ? Take Scott's Emulsion, Almost
as Palatable as Milk.  Be wre and (
get the genuine.
Prepared only by Scott & Bonne, Belleville.
IMPROVED central Toronto Properties to
exchange for farm lands.   Money to loan,
neatly. Illai'lislock,  Xcsliill A   liindwlrli,
53 Wellington Street E., Toronto,
TYEACHERS il old»r Scholars can make
money canvassing for "Farmers' Friend
and Account liook." Send foi circulars. WILLIAM IIUItHJB, Publisher Toronto.      	
mORONTO cU'i'l'ljN'i; school ort'l'.Kb
J. unprecedented facilities for acquiring a
thorough knowledge of Cutting in all its
brunches; also agents for the McDowell Draft-
ng Machine. Write for ci rculars,123 Yongo St.
Bleotrioal Supplios, Bell Outfits, &c. Repairs prompt and reasonable. School and
Experimenters' Supplios nnd Hooks.
35 & 37 Adelaide St. W„ Toronto
MANUl'ACTl'ltlCltS  Of
Lodge Seals, School Seals, Office and Bank
Slamps, Stamps of every description.
10 King Street West, Toronto.
Write for Circulars.
 Agents everywhere.
That people would havo been regularly using
our Toilet Soaps since 1815 Iforty-soven long
years) if thoy had not been GOOD! Tho publio
are not fools and do not continue to buy goods
unless they are satisfactory.
For Circular Address,
■n NortUcote avc, Toronto
The l.oavill Dehorning Clip
pers will tako thein off with leas
iroublo and less pain than any
other way.
Send for circular giving price,
testimonials, etc,
;; Craig  Street, Montrenl,
for Bale by the Saint Paul
' ' & Dii.irrii Railroad
Company In Minnesota.  Send for Maps and Circulars.  Thoy will be sent to you
Address       HOPEWELL CLARKE,
Land Commissioner, St, Paul. Minn,
A well-known Berlin physician states i
"A healthy stomach
is cholera-proof." K.
1). C. will restoro
your stomach to
healthy action and
fortify you against
KEW GLASGOW, Ji.fi., rlMlll,
Mention this paper.
Free sample mailed to any address.
Royal   Dandelion,   Cottte.
2 BAY ST.,
" I inherit some tendency to Dyspepsia from my mother. I suffered
two years in this way ; con&ilted a
number of doctors.    They did me
no good. I then used
Relieved In   your August I'lower
aud it was just two
days when I felt great relief. I soon
got so that I could sleep and eat, and
I felt that I was well. That was
three years ago, and I am still first-
class. I am never
Two Day 3.     without a bottle, and
if I feel coustipated
the least particle a dose or two of
August Flower does the work. The
beauty of the medicine is, tint you
can stop the use of it without any bad
effects on the system.
Constipation While I was sick I
felt everything it
seemed to me a man could feel. I
wa3 of all men most miserable. I can
say, in conclusion, that I believe
August Flower will cure anyone of
indigestion, if taken
Life of Misery with judgment.   A.
M. Weed, 229 Belle-
tontaine St.. Indianaoolis. Ind." 9
The High Speed Family Knitter
WW l:nlt 10 piilri dockt p*
_ dfiy. Will do nil work any
pltiiii clreiilnr It nit tine machine
will do. from homespun or factory yam. Tho most practical
family Knitter on the market. A
child cun ('iK'raie It. Siroiv:,
Dnrnhle, Blmplo, Rapid. Wo
guarantee every machine to do
Rood work. Beware of imltatloni.
Ageuta wanted. "Write for paras Knitting Ma^hlr.s Co.. Dundas, Ontario,
•1 al a fi u M,« S JilfiWIuU
To think that you must
wear   wide,   ill-looking
shoes to have comfort.
Our  shoes  are  both
easy and elegant
nice to look at
whilo in wear.
The J. D,  KING CO. Ltd.,
7i) KllNO   12A.01.
Toronto, can
Your machinery with etc., standard, ana
Machine Oil
We will t?ive a substantial rowaril to anyone bringing us profit of Other oil being
sold as our peerless machine oil.
None genuine except from packages
bearing full brand, and one name, and sold
only by reliable und regular dealers.
Solo manufacturers.
From nil Stations in Ontario, llohr.-n Rates to
Bstevan    "\
Deloraine      Ann fin
Moosomln -   vPZO'UU
Reston      ; •
Mooseiaw      5l>Oll'UU
Yofkton   ;
feiST ) $3500
Bdmpnton     $40.00
AUG. 15, return until  OCT. IS
AUG, 22, "      " OCT, 22
SEPT.   5, "      " NOW. 5
Parties ticketing from other poiab should
arr nge to arrive at TororV* in tfuw to con
ncct; with the 10:15p,r-   trhin   (wy,  above-
dates. '
-   THK   -.
Okanagan Mining Review
Published weekly in the interests of the Southern Interior of British Columbia, In which aro
Bituatcil the following mining camps: Fairview,
Boundary Creek, Bock <'rock, Camp MoKinuey,
Granite Crock and the Similkameen ana Kettle
River ranching districts.
Subscription Price. (2.00 per annum, payable
in advance, either yearly or half-yearly at the
option of the subscriber.
Advertising Rales sent on application.
Address all communications
Tho Okanagan Mining Review
Okanagan Falls, B. C.
While oUr columns are always open for Ine
dismission of any relevant subjects, we no not
necessarily endorse the opinions of contributors.
Anonymous loiters will not be published.
On Foot From Hope to Lower
End of Dog- Lake.
imil R'tt. ax
jg-zag road/
about   t\v<i
Aboufc 3 o'clock in the afternoon, just
as the beginning of the ascent of Hope
mountain was reached, i meba cowboy
with ono led horse. lie enquired the
time and told me 1 was just about half
way to Allison, which he had left at
sun-up. The climb by the zi
to the summit occupies about
hours, perhaps three if you loiter t<j
pick huckleberries as I did. The aijf
gets appreciably lighter as you neat
the top and goes along way todissipflila
"that tired feeling" naturally induce 1
by the ascent. Evidences of a camp
fire under the shade of a fir tree suggested a stop for the uight, and tho
experience of the previous evening
cautioned the choice of a site before
Rekindling the Are, cooking some
bacon and making a tin cupful of tea
and refreshing the inner man, left time
and light to secure twig's for a very
comfortable couch. The night was
clear and bright.
I had just finished breakfast and was
putting my traps together for another
start, when I saw advancing an aged
pilgrim  with  a  bulky   pack  on  his
shoulders and a well-scrubbed rifle in
his hand.   I hailed him and enquired
whither  he  was bound.    Ho replied
that  he was bound for his cabin on
Whipsaw creek, a branch of the South
Similkameen, about 0 miles from Allison.   I was delighted to have his company, and although a little cool at first
he soon began to thaw out. He spoke in
just a slightly foreign accent and I was
inclined to think from his facial appearance   that  ho   was  of   Scandinavian
descent.   Bu*- in thV 1 was mistaken,
for ho told me bo was a French-Canadian, born 1830_uear Glengary, and was
-_AfXa**»J spc*1.. »■«»«!.■ ,,-;i.ii Jiis  litem
T Highland playmates..   He  had  been
away for many years from his native
province  and had   not the slightest
desire to revisit it, although when I
mentioned pork and beans as prepared
in the lower Canadian lumber camps,
and pea soup, liis eyes glistened at the
remembrance.   As we sat there resting
and  taking  shelter from  the rain-
hungry both of us—he fairly made my
teeth water with his description of the
"chaudron" and   its  pork aud   beans
a la Canadienne.    A  mess  of  them
would have gone pretty well at that
present juncture.     The  17 miles we
walked together passed very pleasantly
and but for the rain would have been
most enjoyable,    I succeeded in bagging five partridges with my revolver,
but I had no great desire to add to the
bag as they began  to feel as heavy as
if they were stuffed with shot..   About
a mile beyond the crossing of 9-mile
creek we left the main trail and descended by a winding path the canyon
of the Whipsaw, where my companion
had his cabin.   It was a well-constructed log building, on  the door of which
was tacked his free miner's license and
a portrait of the iHUrdered Archbishop
of Alaska, whose slayer my friend had
helped to capture.    His tut-of-door
kitchen, fireplace and dining table were
all as he left them a fortnight before,
but not so the   larder pf  provisions
within.   There appears to be an unwritten license among miners Ilia I, helping ones self  when hard  pushed for
grub, even  to   breaking into  an absentee's shack Is quite pardonable, The
one that helped himself in Mr, L< Due's
absence  must  have  been on the verge
of starvation, for be loft only enough
for a stinted meal, But bannocks,
bacon and canned salmon with good
coffee are not to be despised at any
time especially when one Is wet, tired
and hungry. We made a hearty supper
and then my host fell into one of his
anecdotal moods and treated me to
reminiscences culled from a wide field
of experience.
The topic that seemed to lie nearest
to hlB heart was hunting, He was one
of the Karl of Lonsdale's party when
they made the trip uito Alaska and
the territory lying arotmd the mouth
of the Mackenzie river. He nod no end
of praise for his lordship's good qualities of heart and head, but   had  -.,<■
for him as a shot, Although provided
with firearms of the most approved and
expensive sort lie made such poor use
of tb em that bee,mill not pick out a
ptarmigan from a covey of forty,
Darkness having set in we collected
the embers of the fire and carried them
Into the cabin where with the addition of
a few more logs a roaring Are was soon
filling tho placewith warmth mil li| ht.
A candle, too, th Ij one left hj the
depredator, added its tiny share to the
general cheer. Hanging our wet
clothes over the backs of home-made
easy-chairs, wood-box and other articles of furniture we prepared for bed.
My bunk was fitted up with deerskins
and 1 laid my head on a pillow that
came all the way from Alaska. If it
had come from Nova Zembla it could
not have boon softer nor answered the
purpose any better. The old man's pet
squirrel, rejoicing at his return, kept
us awake-tor some time by dropping
fir cones on the roof from his perch in
the tall tree overhead, and when the
lire got a liitle lower he came down the
chimney and amused himself by cutting holes in the empty flour sack.
I spent all the next day with the old
man, a plentiful supply of provisions
having been secured at a neighboring
ranch. Ho showed me over his claim,
Which he asserted was rich in coarse
gold aud platinum, He has often shot
deer from his cabin door,and tlie creek
is well stocked with small trout. The
evening, like the last, was spent in
reminiscence and anecdote and enlivened by a vl.it from aneighbor named
Smith, who is famous along the frail as
the man who attempted to come from
Hope to the Similkameen with a wheelbarrow. j>Jr. Smith was unsuccessful,
however, and bad to dump bis barrow
at the Lakehouse and bis bear traps,
etc., farther on. He was anxiously
awaiting ihe arrival of his employer
Mr, "Beib" Stevenson, who is a« well
and favorably known in this region as
he is in Cariboo.
After a comfortable breakfast, and
many good wishes for a prosperous
journey from my host, I set out at 9
o'clock that fine Sunday morning for
Allison. Although I carefully noted
the point of departure from the trail
I must have made a mistake for I got
mixed among themunerous cattle bracks
and had to make a way of my own
to within half a mile of the bridge of
the Similkameen, Here I met Mr.
Smith of the wheelbarrow, accompanied by a portly gentleman named
Cameron, who had been to the store
for supplies. They told me that a very
lively game of draw was going on at
the Chinaman's store at the bridge in
which most of the male inhabitants of
the settlement 'were engaged. Mr.
Cameron had been for many years in
Australia, but In his estimation no part
of that country could compare with the
Similkameen. Early spring provided
a perfect artists' paradise, dale, hill and
mountain on all sides and as far as the
eye could reach being covered with
greenery and a profusion of wild-
ilowe. s of most enchanting loveliness.
He Mould ho perfectly satisfied to live
there were it only for the scenery, but
I afterwards learned he had considerable interest in a gold bench on the
'jciiiiaiiu'eu. bucn CUufga mlglit give
even a Goth an eye for the beautiful.
Half an hour brought me to the bridge
where a knot of loungers were hanging
round the store door watching the
poker game. I enquired bow far It
was to Allison and if I could get anything to eat there. The man I addressed pointed to a group of tumbledown buildings about a quarter of a
mile off and with a knowing contraction of the left eye stated that thero
was a camp of prospectors from Vancouver about 500 yards off on this
side of the river, where the best grub
in the district was obtainable. I took
my knowing friend's tip and after
passing a number of Chinese cabins
built on their claims which extend to
tho middle of the river and aro kept
clear of water by means of undershot
wafer wheels with long creaking
wooden shafts, and crossing an improvised bridge thrown over an affluent
which joins tho main river here, I
found myself in tho canvas village of
the prospectors of the Similkameen
Gold Qravols Exploration Company.
It being Sunday afternoon few of the
inhabitants were to he seen. Making
my way towards a fire which was
smouldering in front of one of the
trimmest looking tents I found a gentleman seated on a soap-box reading the
Review of Reviews. He turned out to
be Mr. Edwards' the well-known photographer of Vancouver, Our bulking
awoke. Mr. i'., an old Vancouver
acquaintance of mine, who was enjoy:.!)'; a siesta in the tent. He bold
me another old friend, U —, was in
camp but was then out hunting and
expected bock shortly, Tho threo had
left Hope on horseback thn e days later
than I did, and had noticed my footprints all along the trail for 60miles to
where I turned off with Le Due. 1 was
their "mysterious man with the fine
boots," It was raining when they left
Hope and one of the party invested in
.an oilskin coat which fitted him so
closely that getting if off remiilded
them of the operation of flawing. So
much of the waterproofing was "deposited on his under-coat that leaning
against a tree or taking a roll on his
camp bed were pastimes to be indulged
in with the utmost caution. My friend
will excuse my referring to this matter,
I am sure, if the reference should prove
a warning to others liable to fall into
a oimiliar error of buying cheap goods.
After an excellent supper at an open
air table round which was .;e,ifed a full
muster of tho camp—16 men in all—-
among whom i noticed two very
characteristic old-timers, a pipe by the
camp fire was next in order and yarns
on many subjects were swapped freely
i ill bedtime,
UVorn '.vhei.t I could learn the prospects
found were verj encouraging and quite
sufficient to warrant hydraulicing.cn
an extensive scale. Their success had
prompted a neighboring farmer to
make prospects on a bench on his farm
and he was also sanguine of profitable
results. When speaking to Pete Me-
Intyre, an old tinier and miner at Sawmill creek, on the subject ho said "They
must know of some better way of holding the gold than we did. The Tula-
meen and Sinilkameen are rich in fine
gold but it is hard to keep a hold of."
When this company begins operations the district will receive an impetus never known before in its history,
and the lethargic inhabitants will
find they have nothing wherewith lo
supply the demands of an increasing
population. I noticed no cultivated
fields or orchards or even kitchen gardens. Stock seems to be the only thing
they deem worthy of attention and
that Is limited to the killing of a single
lieef a week. A monthly mail which
comes in by way of Nicola is at present
quite sufficient for the wants of the
community, but letters often find their
way by the courtesy of the cowboys 10
the post office at Hope. Princeton
another name for this aggregation
bumble-down  shacks and   dil
snake fences.
Manufacturer of
Of Every Description
Okanagan Falls, B. C.
Advertisement* under the heads of Lost, Found,
For Hale or To Let and Situations Wanted
will be inserted at the rate of one cent a
word each insertion. Payment always in
advance. No advertisement received for
less than twenty-five cents.
II7ANTED -Advertisers to use the columns
Vy    of the Mnrara Ritvmw to extend their
trade in the Soul hern Interior of B. C. 1
WANTED - Subscribers  to   the   Minino
REVIEW at Si.OO per year, or ?1 for six
months, in advance. 1
Main Sthbet
OIe»X3.ecs>EcXsx   JfallH,    ~\t. C
Fine Fishing and Shooting.
Comfortable Ronnie.
Good Table.
L. HOLMAN     Manaokr
_$A \i*_lj>_l* \V *V-vf£ViAV.
Nothing In business pays hotter;
but thero is very little of it, and it
pays all the bettor on that account.
What wo mean by good printing is
b ioh as bofits your business; neither
above nor below it; not moan in any
way, nor extravagant; but businesslike ; proper; corret.
It costs no more than inferior work,
and you aro benefited by the favorable
impression which the use of neat and
cleanly printed office stationery makes
on those with whom you deal.
Tho little extra attention required
on our part to turn out a good class of
work is compensated for by gaining
and retaining your custom.
The Okanagan
Mining Review
Okanagan Falls
British Columbia
Corner Alexander Street and
Westinliislur Ave.
Speed,  Safety,  Eobnomy  of
Time and Money!
Daily Through Ixpress Trains
Uencrnl   Founders, Engineers, Boiler Make.
and Manufacturers of All Classes
of Muchinery.
Saw Mill and Murine -Work a Specialty.
All Work Guaranteed.
Keep in Stock a Full Supply of Engineers' an 1
Mill Supplies, Pipe and Fittings, Era**
Goods, Steam Fittings, Etc.
Estimates for Boilers nnd Engines on Applied -
tion, r
Sole Manufacturers of tho Kendall Band Mil!
II. C. Shingle Machines. Steam Log Hi'.iilinr.
Machines, Marion Steam Shovels, Improved
Winding Hoist, River and Harbor Dredges,
Kini,' Dil.rhing Machines, Wrecking Machine-'-,
Ballast loiloaders, etc.
Agonts for Ottuma Mining Hoist, Electric
Hocl; Drill, and Reeve's Wood Split Pulleys.
To Toronto, •'tooe^TOiBAr.,* Hamilton,
Ottawa,   Halifax, • Portland,
New York,'Boston, Chicago
and St.  Paul.
Passengers Booked To and From All
European Pol.its.
For time-tables, rales, and full Information
apply to
District Pass. Agent, Vancouver.
A lew City possessed of a Wonderful
Combination of Advantages.
It is tha natural Distributing Point for the whole
,- of the Lower Okanagan Valley and the
famous Kettle River eountpy.
Moil Orders Itccoivo Prompt Allonllon.
J. R. W. Macfarlane, Managfi
J. W. Campion, Sea-Trans,
In Connection
INCE the announcement was made that a new City bearing the name of Okanagan Falls, had started into life
there have been numerous enquiries bearing on the subject. It has for some time been a sink qua non that a
city of importance must spring up somewhere in the Okanagan
country, which for several years past has been attracting the
attention of capitalists, not only on this continent but in Great
Britain as well. Its combination of resources so richly aggregated, comprising mining, grazing, fruit-growing, etc., must of
necessity evolve a city in its midst,, which will, be one of *kc
centres of the Province. This is just as certain as the fa;-t that
tit the terminus of the C.P.R. on the Pacific coast therS was
bound to be a sea-port city of importance. The question of
location is to be decided by the conditions most favorable to
urban growth. These conditions, as will be shown in answer
to some of the numerous received, are all comprised in the
.situation of Okanagan Falls.
One question asked is, "Where and what is Okanagan
Falls?" In reply, it is the nucleus of a city, the prospects of
which are not surpassed by any other on the Pacific coast;
situated at the foot of Dog lake, in the famous Okanagan valley, B.C. Had the conditions for a prosperous and populous
city been especially stipulated and ordered as the work of nature,
they could not have combined more favorably to produce success. The first and most natural question to arise in the mind
of any common,-sense man is, " What is there to make a city
at Okanagan Falls ?" Unless such a question is fully and fairly
answered, any person endeavoring to place in the market town-
site property, backed up with glittering promises of a rich
retnrn, may fairly be regarded with suspicion and distrust.
Readers are requested te carefully consider the reasons here
advanced in support of the strong faith the promoters have in
the future of Okanagan Falls.
In the. rust place, Okanagan Falls is likely to be the
terminus, of the Canadian Pacific & Okanagan Steamboat line; il is in th^ line of the only possible pass which
can be utilized by the C.P.R. south of the present line, or, in
other words, via the Crow's Nest Pass route to the Pacific
Coast; it is the proposed terminus of the Spokane & Northern
Railway, and of the Okanagan & Osooyos Railway, to connect
with the Great Northern at the boundary. It will be preeminently a railway and mining centre.
It is the natural outlet for the greatest gold mining region
on the continent, a country which also possesses immensely
rich deposits of silver, lead, coal, platinum, iron, etc. For
proof of this, see Dr. Dawson's reports and the annual reports
of the Minister of Mines.
In the next place, it is being built by the side of a magnificent waterfall, capable of generating a horse-power of between 50,000 and 100,000 at a very low cost, sufficient to
operate all the mining machinery, reduction works, tramways,
saw.mjll5.and other industries in it or in the country surrounding it. Being easy of access and having unexcelled transportation facilities i« prospect, Okanagan Falls will naturally attract
all the industries referred to which the country will demand.
The country also abounds in Coal and Wood.
Shortest Bovte to Spokane Falls,
Seattle, or. any point
East or "West
Stago loaves Loomiston at 12 noon Tuesdays,
Thursdays and Saturdays.
■ Stage, arrives at Loomiston at IU a.m. Mondays,
1.. edncsdaysand Fridays.
Stage leaves Oro at 7 11.111. Mondays, Wednesdays Hid Fridays, arriving at Penticton at (i p.m.
iSStago leaves Ponticton at 7 a.m. Tuesdays,
^Thursdays and Saturdays, arriving at. Oro at
6 p.m. \
Makes connections at Penticton with C. P. It.
streamer Aberdeen and trains to all points.
For further particulars apply to
„    '• Manager, Oro, W11,
Or Giso. McL. Drown,
Disk Pass, Agent. C.P.H., Vancouver.
General Agents
s Street, Vancouver, B.C. -


Citation Scheme:


Citations by CSL (citeproc-js)

Usage Statistics



Customize your widget with the following options, then copy and paste the code below into the HTML of your page to embed this item in your website.
                            <div id="ubcOpenCollectionsWidgetDisplay">
                            <script id="ubcOpenCollectionsWidget"
                            async >
IIIF logo Our image viewer uses the IIIF 2.0 standard. To load this item in other compatible viewers, use this url:


Related Items