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Okanagan Mining Review Oct 7, 1893

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Vol. I, No. 7.
$2.00 per Year.
Bank of British Columbia
Capital paid up
Reserve Fund
Mead Office : 6o
Incorporated by lloyal Charter, 1802.
^^^^^^    Lombard Street,  LONDON,	
In British Columbia In the United States
Victoria, Vancouver, New Westminster San Francisco, Portland
Nanaimo, Kamloops,  Nelson (Kootenay Lake.)
Aoents and Correspondents in Canada and the United States :
Bank of Montreal, Canadian Bank of Commerce, Imperial Hank of Canada; Bank of
Montreal, New York and Chicago.
Telegraphic Transfers and  ltcmillauecs to and from all points can be nuulc through this
Hank at current rates.   Collections carefully
itcss transacted.      Oold Ilusl purchased.
Seattle and Tacoma.
ih    III  aitll     I I'lJIII  .en   |,eeeei .-, ........      ,	
attended Ui and every description of hanking Irani-
■~'.!.i]i. ,!'ii!4*!i^!'.i!ii!4*!i^!'i!iv!4i'ilv<i'''i!4.*'ii,ii'ii'ii'ii''> _&£ *,_$1_i1t<''
*** .-jv •iV.erv *,iv /r» *»wt» •rTv,e> <r» •ivViCssvJvVjVVj'wi^IwICVj'vVl'^^
W. T. Thompson
Dealer in.
,K^v.-taaj. mca aw
General Merehandise |
Everything Required in a Mining Camp
S*-auX3K.-VXXfVir.    s.   o.
>1? •/!? JJ^Jiv JJv ViC^iCVi?Vi02?Vi?>i>Viv';
Green, Worlock & Co.,
Successors to GARESCHE, GREEN & CO.,
Government Street,    .....
Dry Goods
Boots and Shoos
Close Prices For Cash
Inviting1 Landscape, Rich Grazing Lands and Quartz
Main Street '
Okanagan Falls
[Established 1873.]
Deposits received in Hold, Silver and U.S. currency.   Interest paid on the same on time
deposits.   Gold dust and U.S. currency purchased at highest market rates.
Sigh! drafts and telegraphic transfers issued, payable at over 1(),IKK) cities in Canada, tho
United States, Europe, Mexico and China.
Exchange on Loudon, available in all parts of Europe, England, Ireland and Scotland. Letters
of Credit issued on tho principal cities of the Unitod States, Canada bud Europe.
___O__._y0__-__.-bm   foJE-   "Wells,   JE"t3.x-Bro   __   Oo.
Should write for
Hotel • . I
Fine Finning and
Shooting in the
Svitisli.   Ooliuiibln
Wholesale and ltctail Dealer in, and Importer aud Manufacturer of
The largest establishment of its kind on the mainland of British Columbia.
The leading CARPET HOUSE in the City.   A fuli line of Carpels, Squaro Uugs, Mats, etc.
Also Linoleum and Floor Cloths, as well as Hous'.' Furnishings of every description,
Undektakinu in all its buanches.     Stock complete.
(P.O. box 2.) 21 & 23 Cordova Street, VANCOUVER, B.C.
Hamilton  Powder  Co'y
Ok Montreal.       Incorporated isfli.
Manufacturers of Dynamite, Blasting and Sporting Powder.
Wholesale Dealers In Safety Fuse, Detonators and Electric Blasting Apparatus.
Omen: Victoria, B.C. BC>    JT.    SOOW
Works: Nanaimo, B. C. General Agent for British Columbia.
Reported for The Mining Ueview.
The traveller who pursues his investigations of the Lower Country beyond
the harrows of Osoyoos Lake will leave
the hospitable roof of Mr, Kruger with
a grateful sense of the advantage he
has enjoyed in .seeming rest and good
cheer to enable him to proceed on his
way. A general view of his surroundings before getting into the saddle will
disclose a beautiful valley iu which is a
grand sheet of water extending, like
the valley itself, down into the realms
of Uncle Sam. -With the exception of
tho Government office and look-up,
where Mr. 0. A. II. Lam hi y, the Government Recorder transacts business
with prospectors, miners and ptemp-
tors and with the assistance of constable Bullock - Webster looks after
offenders against the law, no other
dwellings are to be seen than those of
the Haynes estate farther down the
lake. This fact and the genera! appearance of the country shows him that
stock-raising has been the industry
from which a livelihood had been
sought. In the earlier months of the
spring and summer the green rich
bunch grass of the valley and hills on
either side, dotted over with the prarie
sunflowers and syriuga roses, will
please, the eye and delight the senses;
but if viewed under the burning skies
of late August or early September,
when the summer dog-days have laid
their blighting touch upon vegetation,
the grey sage brush, the darker grease-
wood and occassional knots of cactus
give a somewhat less inviting appearance. But even these, wi th the mark ed
contrast furnished by a beautiful sandy
beach upon which the tiny wavelets of
Osoyoos are lapping, renders it a
delightful spot and little wonder is felt
that the place is so strongly implanted
in the affections of Mr. Kruger aud his
family.   AVith proper cultivation also,
I these broad acres would make the best
'riA ii.Lilo .-iiiit, aiK.  uivi' rutuii. 1IHC.J jt.j'
see this wide waste peopled with a
happy prosperous population, whose
dwellings will relieve the broad expanse at present unmarked by human
(Established 1S02)
Crockciy, Glassware, Wall Paper, Lamps, Cutlery, Agate Ware and
Complete House Furnishings.
Write fop Prices of anything vequlred.
Largest Stock In British Columbia.
Manufacturers of
.   .   Mining and Milling Machinery
Hoisting and Pumping Engines Hulls end Concentrating Machinery
Copper and Lead Furnaces
Only Steel and Iron Ship Builders on the PnellHc Coast.
Marine Engines, Boilers and All (.'lasses of Marine Work.
First and Mission Streets
New York Olflco: MS Broadway.
Cable Address, "Union."
Victoria,   S.O-,
Farming. Implements. and. Hardware
Manufacturers of Hydraulic
All Kinds o
IVlieels,   XS-fco.
in the City Dailies and the
Magazines for city orders,
but you will not get the
country trade through these
its" It requires the Local
Weeklies to reach the pocket-
books of those people who
live, and live well, too, in
the agricultural and mining
districts of the Province.
is the best medium for reach- >:^
ing the people of the South- £>£
ern   Interior of  British Col- &''
umbia. gci
Dealer in
Analytical Chemist
And Assayer
habitation, but roamed over by cattle,
with occassional visits of the festive
cowboy. If after nightfall the traveler
scans the mountain range on the Western side of the valley, be will likely
note an occasional camp fire glimmering high up the mountain side, for here
too the prospector has been at work
and tmariz has been struck of very
much the same character as that in
Fairview. Messrs. Geo. Bnger and W.
Kellew have a 7-foot ledge of good-
looking rock, and other strikes have
been made and claims located, The
claims located by Bnger, Kellow and
party are the Bollevue, Black Horse
and Llrilniiic and are known as the
Blitanlo gioupe. Captain Adams, of
Montreal) and friends also own here
the Hope, Golden, Freeman and Austen
Friars claims.
it was in 1S07 that Mr. Kruger first
came lo the Narrows of Osoyoos Lake
where he was chief factor at the Hudson's Bay post, then carried on at this
point, His attention is now principally
taken Up with his duties as postmaster
aud collector of Her Majesty's customs,
though he also keeps a stock of needed
supplies for the Indian trade and that
of prospectors, and is licensed to pro-,
vide the "drouthy" traveler with a
mouthful of mountain dew.
Mr. Kj'Ugei's location is a good one
and many look forward to the time
when a town will mark the spot where
the road crosses tlie narrows of
Osoyoos Lake. With the dividing up
of the Haynes' estate and selling it out
in small holdings, and the fact that
in addition to the through traffic of
the Okanagan to and from the .State
of Washington, the Similkameen trade
may be tapped from this point, while
that of Anarchist Mountain and a considerable part of that of the Golville
reservation, when thrown open for
settlement, Will naturally find its outlet here, it will be seen that the hope
indulged in of a town at Kruger's is
hot an idle one.
Leaving the Narrows, now crossed by
a bridge recently constructed by the
Government, the road passes down the
eastern side of the lake and the residence aud out-buildings of the late
Judge Haynes is reached. The late
Mr. Haynes was the pioneer of
the lower Okanagan on the British side
of the line. His earliest operations in |
Stock-raising , he™ wmi. rnivl'i«'--\rl __i,'n
partnership with Mr. G. W. Simpson,
now of Okanagan Mission. After a
few years they repeated the history of
Abraham and Lot, the one choosing to
chance his future in the Mission Valley,
the other taking for his choice the
broad meadows traversed by the
Okanagan river and Osoyoos lake. At
one time Mr. Haynes' herd numbered
some 3500 head. Thy estate is still
owned by Mrs. Haynes and managed
by her brother, Mr. Harry Pittendrigh.
Leaving Hynes' and following the
trail to the left on American soil, a
steady ascent is begun, over the open
country which marks the hillsides of
this part of the Colville reservation
and after a few hours' ride in an easterly
direction we bear slightly to the north
and find ourselves again on British soil
Hearing the summit of Anarchist
mountain at an altitude of about 3600
feet, while that of Osoyoos lake, which
was just left behind, was only about
000 feet, To another letter must be
left due reference to the ranch of Mr*
Sidley and his fellow settlers ou the
Silver Conference in Brussels has given
added prestige to his utterences.   His
letter is as follows.
" ' Sir : It seems to me clear that
the commercial world can never again
know stability until the pedestal of full
money on which the world's business
si anils is enlarged by the addition of
silver to the world's volume of full,
final, exportable money. To such res.i-
tution of silver to its ancient function
I see no safe or sure road stive through
international agreement; to this thero
is, to my mind, no other certain means
but the cessation of silver purchases by
the United States, So long as we continue to purchase silver, Europe will
Cully expect to see us soon upon a silver
basis, That, of course would relieve
the silver troubles of Great Britain,
Holland, Germany and France for an
Indefinite time to come, and would
render it unnecessary for those nations
to take any action on the subject. But
if we stop buying silver the gold price
of silver will so fall as to render the
new British experiment in India a total
failure. Another result would be a
fHither appreciation of gold (fall of
prices) in England itself, so terrible that
the most obdurate mi nomet.il list would
at last begin to see the ruin which the
execution of his theory must entail. In
consequence, I believe that Great Britain would bo forced to make common
cause with us in this most important
interest. The other nations of Europe
would also join, and the problem be
solved. Yours, F. Betij. Andrews.'
" If our Western friends, with whose
ultimate view and purpose we have no
contention, would but calm themselves
somewhat and weigh economic facts
more carefully, it would seem to us
they would see that the governmental
policy of buying and storing silver must
be abandoned, and further that free
silver coinage cannot, in the true interest of silver, be adoptetl by the United
Stales alone. It seems to us, therefore,
that (1) the Sherman aet ought to be
abolished; (2) the banking system
ought somehow to be revised in the
interest of a more responsively elastic
currency of bank notes; and (3) we
should so shape our policy in general
as to bring Europe to a realizing sense
of the insufficiency of gold, whereupon
(i) we should urge the adoption of an
international ratiofor tho free aud uu-
en e , f__*i   . , ■y.j.v.   ____m/t   ,^     ,j< . * , ...    ■   •)►    -   '   —.   - —
is full' legal tender, and (o) should tlnsu
make hon-enforcible all contracts to
pay either gold money exclusively or
silver money exclusively."—Review of
Insufficiency of Gold to Supply the World.
What Can Bo Dono Fop Sllvop.
Money and a Day's Work.
I have read with interest and profit
your editorial in the June Century,
"Has Gold Appreciated in Value?" It
occurs to me that there is a primary
measure of value, which you do not
mention, but tried by which the value
of gold will be found to have deviated
but little in thirty years past. I refer
to labor,—not the price of labor, but
'days' works.' I have not at hand exact
data, but practical miners tell me that
the average result from a day's work in
gold mining is not perceptibly different
from thirty years ago, while the average day's work in the silver mines will
produce three times as much as in leSSo.
On the theory that the natural relative
price of commodities is determined by
the brawn expended in thr production,
while demand is but a modifier of the
rule, it would seem that much of the
mystery relating to the deviation in
values may be explained.— Doane Robinson iu the Century.
(T'crniH Cash in Advance)
....tl to
 3 (10
 2 01
 i (10
^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^_  I 511
Silver and Gold  2 00
Silver, Oold or Lead, each	
silver, Gold and Lend combined.
Silver and Lead combined	
Silver, Gold and Copper	
Silver and Connor..
Assayer to the British Columbia Govepnmont
of all SpooimonB neiit from tho
Proviuco to
Steamer Penticton
Leaves Penticton Every
Monday, Wednesday
and Friday
And Leaves Okanagan Landing Every Tuesday, Thursday and Saturday.
efctr Through  Freight Rates  to Lower
Country Points.
«ar For Freight and  Passenger Rates
Apply to
THOS. RILEY, Captain
" We agree emphatically with the
West and South that silver ought, to
be a full money metal. The logic that
makes gold the standard of value in
India cannot rest satisfied until China
mid South America are ou that same
basis; and the depressing effect of this
successive conquest can but bo very
severe and very widespread. Gold
monometallism cannot stop at the
present lines; and its universal adoption would iu our judgment be more
baneful than a transfer to silver monometallism.
But it does not follow that the
American silver party is wise in its
practical programme. We think it
extremely unwise. Nothing of permanent benefit could be gained by
making this an exclusively silver country. The interests that would suffer
immediate detriment are so vastly
greater than those that would gain,
that a reaction would be inevitable,
silver would be discredited, and the
cause of universal gold monometallism
would be tremendously accelerated.
What then can be done? For out
part we are much included to adopt
precisely the views expressed in a
letter from President E, Benjamin Andrews, of Brown University, to the
editor of this magazine. Dr. Andrews
is a sound economic scholar, and his
experience as member of   thu recent
The largest apple at the World's Fair
was sent from British Columbia. It is
10', in. In circumference and weighs iitj
The death is announced at Toronto
of Mrs, John Mara, mother of J. A.
Mara, M.P., of Kamloops, She was7ii
years of age and bud resided iu Toronto
til years.
Geo. Dixon, the Halifax negro, still
stands at the head of liis class in tho
pugilistic arena. He easily knocked
out Solly Smith in seven rounds at
Coney Island on the 26th ult.
For the first time since the establishment of a smelting plant in Leadville,
ni it one of the six large ones there is
running. The last to close down, the
Bi-Metallic, was blown outlast weeK.
Mr. Gladstone severely criticized the
members of the House of Lords in his
speech at Albert Hall, Edinburgh. He
says they represent nobody but themselves and must not be permitted to
stand in the way of the country's progress.
At the Vernon fair a bottle of catsup
was arrested for working on Sunday, a
jar of pickles that got a second prize
was very sour over it, and a loaf of
bread that got no premium at all was
very crusty. Next year, no doubt, the
lemons will object to being squeezed in
the crowds that will attend. '■
Wlir.l a Scotch Tourist 8nw En Rome lo luc
World's I'alr.
The   Scottish tourist, say3   a writer in
7r"oW<2 Travel, who determines to visit Chicago during the World's Fair will naturally
desire to see as  much as  is possible during
the time at his  disposal,   and to tra»J '>s
cheaply and as comfortably as he can.    He
will als- desire, if it   be at all possible,   to
pee something of Canada.    Many  schemes
for cheap travel have  been   originated in
connecti'in with the World's Fair, and any
number   of   " tours"   and    " co-operative
plans" have been designed, but it is doubtful whether   any   of   these   will meet  the
wants tf the great bulk of Scottish tourists.
As for cheapness,  any  levelheaded Scotsman can sit down in   Edinburgh,   arrange
his route and buy his steamer  and railroad
tickets there, and at the end of his journey
find that he has travelled cheaper, covered
more ground, and got a better- idea of Canada and the United  StateB than though he
had united with any party or joined in with
any schome.
It is with the view of indicating a route
by which Scotch tourists may travel, an.l by
means of which they may include all the
advantages above referred to, that the following information is presented.
The ocean passage should be by one of tho
Allan, Dominion, or Reaver Lino steamers,
which sail regularly during the summer
between Liverpool and Quebec. This trip
will occupy possibly ten days, but the steamers are staunch and comfortable, and the
time will speedily and pleasantly pass away.
As (.iiii/jee ii ncared, tho traveller will Bee
some of tho grand scenery of the lower St.
Lawrence—possibly the most magnificent
river in the world.
A couple of days may easily be spent in
Quebec, one of the most noteworthy of the
cities of the world, and the city in the
western hemisphere which has the most
historic associations. Its history datis
from 1608, when it was founded by Samuel
de Champlain. Its fortifications, churches,
and quaint streets are worthy of close attention, and among the traditions current
are many regarding the old Highland
regiments, stories of whose military prowess
is a prominent feature in all the legends of
the old place. Tourists should not fail to
visit the Plains of Abraham, and see the
spot where Wolfe died, and either the Falls
of Montmorenci, of Lorette, or of Chaudiere
ought to be visited.
The next stopping place is Montreal, the
commercial metropolis of the Dominion and
its Urgest city. About one-half of its inhabitants are French Canadians, and the
municipal government of the city is largely
in their hands ; but the Scottish population
is a large and important factor in the affairs
in the city,and most of the financial institutions s.re run by men who are natives of
Scotland or proud of their Seottish descent.
Tlie same is also true of a large proportion
of the mercantile establishments, and, indeed, it is generally admitted that Montreal
owes its commercial supremacy mainly to
the enterprise, shrewdness,conversation and
honesty of those ot its citizens whose birthplace was " the land o' cakes."
Thero is a great deal to lie seen in Montreal, and the visitor can spend two days or
a week in it as his time permits. The view
from the summit of Mount Royal, from
which the city takes its name, is one of
the finest on the American continent, and
on one of its sides is the principal cemetery.
There is an abundance of hotels, from the
Windsor at 16t. % day, to a score or more
where the rate is about 5s.; and a cab may
be hired foe about 16s. a day, and the
quarters at one of   the  hotels   in Suspension Bridge, and nuke hi3 way to the Falls
by a horse car; but in the village of Niagara
Falls he will find plenty of hotels—if money
.s no object to him. Three days ought to be
spent  around  the   Falls.    The   first   day
should mainly  be   devoted   to   a   general
trip, and the   best way is to   hir-s   a   conveyance at the hotel and   mak', a   bargain
for    seeing    everything—American   Falls,
Horse-Shoe     Falls,     Goat    Island,     the
Sister Islands, and all the other attractions
ou botli the American and Canadian sides—
and leave the driver to act as  guide.    The
second day should be  devoted,   first,  to a
pedestrian tour iu l'rospect Park (where the
best view of the Falls is to be obtained) and
Goat Island ; then a trip on the " Maid of
the Mist," which sails on the river as close
to the Falls as is possible, several hours can
be spent  in rambling through  the  Queen
Victoria Park—in sight of the Falls—and
a return to Suspension  Bridge  village can
be made either by the " Maid of the Mist"
ferry, or, what is better  still,  by  crossing
the new suspension bridge that almost hangs
over the basin of the cataracts.    The third
day might be devottd  lo a carriage   ride
along the upper rapids,  and  possibly to a
restful trip to tome particular point, say, to
a lounging survey of the many beauties of
the Sister Islands.
At Suspension Bridge village a train can
bo had for Chicago, giving the privilege
of stopping at Hamilton, a Scotch town,
as its name indicates. From there the
route carries tho visitor along tho slioro of
Lake F.rie, through a rich agricultural country, dotted with such thriving towns as
Simcoe, Paris, St. Thomas, and London,
until Windsor is readied. There a farewell look may be taken of the Dominion,
for across the river is Detroit, and tho remainder of tho journey, as here outlined,
is la United States territory.
As the purpose of this article is to show
that a visit to the Chicago Exhibition may
easily include a run through Canada, and
also to indicate the attractiveness of puch a
run to Scottish tourists, it is only necessary
to briefly outline the remainder of tho route.
^driver'wiH JBnenUy. be.found^njionest
m^^_C___^^_W_\\\_f_i__Wf^^^{)_,_, _. im**u ..*».
slderatlon) wlfl no* only act aa guide, but
will see that his patron ia not overcharged
at any of the places he may visit. Notre
Dame Cathedral and the ecclesiastical
structures of the city deserve careful study,
and nuch places aa M'Gill University
(foundad by a Scotsman) will be found full
of attractions. Visitors should get a local
guide book and noto the principal places,
buildings, and routes, for these are too
many to be enumerated here. But such
places as the Victoria Bridge and the La-
chine Rapids should be seen even . though
the tourist can only spare a single day for
the inspection of thiB beautiful and remarkable city.
The westward journey can be diversified
by a trip  on the   St. Lawrenco   River to
Kingston, but as the tourist may be a tittle
tired of water travel, lie had better perhaps
go by rail to Ottawa, the official capital of
Canada.    It is a   pleasant ride   through a
country which   has thoroughly   been converted from a wilderness into a succession
of fruitful farms.    The Government buildings are  the main   attraction at   Ottawa,
The scenery around it is very beautiful, but
the city itself has no reason for existence
beyond tho political one of being the centre
of the Executive  and Parliamentary Government   of the  country.    The  vice-regal
residence at Rideau Hall is a rather mean
and     ramshackle      structure,     although
its   interior   is comfortable  and   its appointments  and   furniture  elegant.   One
day will be sufficient for seeing Ottawa,but
theie the tourist should rest for the night,
and tako an  early train  on the   following
morning for Kingston, a city second in importance in the history of Canada  only to
Quebec.    Near Kingston aro The Thousand
Islands, and, if possible,  a day   should bo
devoted to   their inspection.    In   the city
itself t here is not much to be seen,although
its educational  institutions aro worthy of
inspection.    Leaving Kiugston,tho railroad
journey is s very interesting ono.with Lako
Ontario   on    the    ono   side,    and    what
is generally  spoken  of as tho  Garden of
Canada, nn the other.    This is the  earliest
populated Bcclion of the Dominion, and the
nourishing farms,    prosperous   townships,
and thriving villages   which aro passed in
rapid succession   are  the  result  of stern
work   and dogged   perseverance of   many
generations.     Such    places    as   Cobourg,
l'or* Hope or Whitby,   which aro passed,
lire Hue provincial   towns, (nit  when   tlie
train rolls into Toronto, a town is reached
which is certainly tho Queen city of Ontario
and destined at no very distant   data to be
the co imercial metropolis of Canada.    Toronto lies on Lake Ontario, and is in every
respect & beautiful   place.    Its   buildings
are imposing ,   its   streets  aro   wide  and
regular, a>.iiit has an  appearance of busi-
no50 prjeperity   which  is   equalled   in  no
other town in Canada except Montreal.    It
has many fine hotels, and at any  of them a
guidebook   can be   obtained,   which  will
give the Visitor an idea of where to go and
how to goto everyplace worth seeing. Here
s in every other town in Canada, the .Scotch
element' comes to the front, and a   kindly,
hospitable lot the Toronto Scots are.
A trip '. ;ross lake Ontario lands the traveller at Lewiston, under the stars and
Stripes, and from Lewiston a short railroad
trip along the bank of tho Niagara River,
passing tit Jough the Niagara Gorge, brings
the visitor to tho village of Suspension Bridge
on the banks Of tlie famed Niagara Rapids.
The village *; Niagara Falls is about two
miles away, ,-.<id near it aro the Cataracts
from ?hi<&t il tikes Its name. If the visitor is  ociaaitr-iSoal,  ho   will   take up hi
I>on't lie Discourage <1,
Don't be discouraged if in  tho outset of
life things do not go on smoothly.    It  seldom happens that the hopes we cherish for
tho future  are realized.   The path of life
appears  smooth and  level,   but when  we
come to travel it we find it all up hill and
generally rough enough and one scries of
obstructions. The journey is a laborons one
and beset with difficulties, and whatever
our condition, we shall find it to our disappointment if we have built on any other
calculation. The incidents which will come
to dampen our ardor as we struggle along
to reach the zenith of our ambition must be
met manfully,   with courage and cheerful
submission to the interventions we did not
anticipate and for which we are not responsible  or   blameable.     To  accomplish   our
purpose we must push alonsr and "elbow
our way"  through the great crowd or be
trampled upon by the cavalcade of pushers
behind us. Keep hoping and striving is the
best way.    It may bo hard and is alwayB
more or less venturesome, and with a will
the summit can be obtained.    Don't let a
"failure" or two discourage you nor dishearten you in your efforts to keep a little
in advance of your neighbor on your way
to reach the desired goal.    Accidents will
happen and miscalculations will sometimes
be made; things will turn out differently
from our expectations,  which is the wind
that, blows down our corn and sometimes
our fences; right them up and crack your
whip to regain your place and resume your
. vantage ground.    It is worth while to re-
I member toAfc fnr*>.na ;« c~M„ ui.-.e-i.- -i-ip.,
in April wealner; not always clear nor fair j
weather for your plowing and seeding, and
it would be tolly to despair of not seeing
tho sun again, because to-day is stormy,
or the weather bureau tells you it will rain
tomorrow.    Thii  would  be   unwise   and
foolish.    Take what eotnes, though  "fortune frowns."   This you cannot avoid, but
trust her for she will   smile   and smile
A Determined Prisoner,   v
One of the most remarkable  cases of escape from prison was that of Baron IsC'.nek,
who, for a political offence and outfof per
sanal   enmity,   was   imprisoned  by   King
Frederick the Great in the fortress of Glatz.
The  biron  was  hardly  twenty  yeara old
when   his  imprisonment began.    Tjie first
time that he escaped he cut tlie ban of his
cellwithaknifeof which he had made* toothed saw, and let himself down from awindow
by a rope made of strips of leather from hit
travelling bag and pieces of a sheet. He fell
into k bog   that surrounded   the citadel.
When he had sunk in the mud upto-his lips
he had to call the sentinel, and  wai taken
back to a cell.
Eight days later he seized the svord of
the prison inspector, fought his way to a
rampart, and jumped to the ground Without
injury ; but in his flight he was caught by
the foot in a palisade long enough to be recaptured. He was dragged back til prison
pierced with bayonets and half.de/id, but
had hardly recovered from this adi'enture
before he made another attempt.     '
He and a companion eluded their'gaolers
and jumped from a rampart. His companion
broke bis ankle. In Tenek'B delicate looking
figure were the muscles of an athlete. He
took the disabled man on his shoulders,and
ran with him for a quarter of an hoijr. He
crossed a stream and wandered About a
mountain in the snow all night, llethought
he was tar from Glatz, and his heart sank
when lie heard the Glatz clock strike four.
However, ho was not discouraged. He
seized two hors s from a peasant, and with
his companion rode away at a gallnp until
they reached Bohemia and safety.  "
Eight years afterwards Trenck  vas imprudent enough to go to Danzig on business
He fell into the king's hands, and \tis hur
rledaway to Magdehourg prison,
prisonment was more terrible  tha
the others.    His cell was a  more
the wall.    It waa almost pitch da'
was given just enough bread and
keep him alive. Lb»»»bb
The horror's of this captivity developed
hia ingenuity and perseverance almoat incredibly. He broke one of the bars of hia
cell, and made of it an instrument with
which he cut a hole in the wall. He succeeded in concealing the hole from the gaolers. The debriB made by the work he
crumbled to dust beneath his feet, or made
into balls which he blew out of the loophole through a paper blowpipe. It was a
work of infinite care and patience.
At the end of six months the hol.| in the
wall was large enough for him to.'escape
through it. Then it was discovere'it The
night on which Trenck expected t'i escape
he was transferred to another ce11.'. Thia
cell had been planued for him by the king
hmself. -
Now the very idea ef escape seemed in
sane, but Trenck'a courage was not exhausted. He had been able to hide a knife from
the gaolers. With this he picked the locks
of three of the dungeon doors. In picking
the fourth his knite broke. That was too
much. With the broken knife he opened
veins in his arms and legs, and lay down to
bleed to death.
After a little while he roused from the
lethargy into which he had sunk, and in a
fit of fierce anger demolished the masonry
of his cell and  made a barricade of ft.    He
my father's side. ' Is the hole cleared f
asked my father. ' Inshalia, it is. See
you yon dark outline of hills'; A stream
runs from them, and in its bed we have made
the bhil, or burying place. You will say
we have done well. It is half a diss (one
mile) from here' All were warned to be
silently at their posts, and each man or
pair of men hung close on the rear of those
assigned to them. A man came from the
front, whispered a few words to my father,
and again went his way. From the top of
a   bank   we   looked down   upon   a small
THE    Till liS OF INDIA.
Wliolcstle Murder by Men Whose Kcllslon
Was Enmity Tor Ihe Human Race.
Thuggee, summarily defined is, or rather
waa, & profession by which, century after
century, thousands of Indian males, Brahmins, as well o.i Mohammedans, bound
themselves by the most solemn oalhs, and
under religious ceremonies carried out with
the sublimity attaching of old to the Eleus-
inian Mysteries, to unite in secret societies        umMt_     ____
whose purpose it was to punish the human   Btream, with high and steep sides.    Una
race, and thus to merit the approbation of   T {e[t jntuitivelv was the spot, ami at that
Bhowanee, by whom  men and  women are   dread moment my father, in a low voice,
"     " """•L  murmured    'Hooshiaree!'    (caution).    He
abhorred. This punishment took the form
of enticing rich travellers to become the
companions ot armed bands of Thugs, who,
pretending to be merchants, or soldiers
seeking service with the Nizam, or with
Golkar, Scindiah, or others among the
powerful feudal princeB, offered protection
and companionship to defenceleSB bunneas,
or traders, to sahoucars (sowcars) or bankers, to zemindars on the road to big cities
laden wilh rupees, bars of silver, or bills of
exchange, which they had received in payment for their crops. Even professional
robbers, or dacoits, were followed for days
and nights by wary bodies of Tbuga, who
attacked and murdered them when a convenient spot in the road or jungle waa
reached, and robbed them of their plunder.
All this homicide was wrought by the
simple apeney of a silk handkerchief Hung
from behind over the head and throat of a
victim, who was
and in most cases his or her neck dislocated
by the dexterous application of the bhuttoto
or stranglor's knuckles, under the victim's
ears.    One   essential   preliminary   to   the
Bucccssfid and undetected  perpetration  of
all  these   countlesa crimes   was that the
lugghaes, or grave diggers, attached to each
band of Thugs were Bent in advance by the
commanding  officer—the   organization   of
these bands waa strictly   military—to   an
indicated spot some miles ahead,   in order
to prepare the grave for the victims about
to be murdered.    Great skill was shown in
selecting a fitting spot for the execution  of
the   murders and the preparation of the
grave, so that  no  evidence  of  tho crime
should meet the eye.    The   spot   Belected
was often on the edge of a bushy stream
where the unconscious victim wa3 asked to
descend from the vehicle in which  he wa,
travelling, so as to lighten the load of   the
bullocks or horses which had to climb the
high bank on the other side.    Scarcely had
the poor wretch's foot touched the  ground
before the doadly handkerchief was round
his neck, and tho foul deed was accomplished.    The burying party then ran forward,
caught up the body, and carried it to  the
gra\ e prepared   for it, either among  the
bushes or rocks, or in the bed of the stream.
Every member of the murdered man's party
or escort,  including women and children,
was killed simultaneously, by  other bhut-
totes, or stranglera, and within a few minutes the bodies of all were buried together
in one long and deep grave, into which huge
rocks were flung, to prevent the keen-acent-
ed jackals from burrowing down  and  devouring the prey.
The murderous band of robbers then be-
then went to the side of the cart and
represented to the sowcar that the bank
was so steep and the bed of the stream so
stony, that he would have to descend. He
did so, and the whole scene ia now before
me. The bullocks and their drivers were
all in the bed of the little stream urging on
their beasts ; but it was easy to see that
every stranger had a Thug behind him,
awaiting the signal. At tha1. supreme moment I eagerly clutched the fatal handkerchief and kept within a foot of my uncon-
Bcious victki. 'Jey Kaleo !' shouted my
.father. It was the signal, and 1 instantly
obeyed. Quick a8 thought tlie cloth wa8
round the wretch's neck. I seemed endued
with superhuman strength.
I wiiKNi'iti'.i) ins HKOK)
deep into which 1 had thrust my knuckles ;
ho struggled convulsively, and was dead
before he touched tho ground. I was mad
with excitement; my blood boiled. One
turn of my wrists hud placed mo on an
equality with others who bad followed our
holy profession for years. *        *        *
" We   descended   into   tho  bod  of the
stream, and were  led to  the grave.    We
proceeded along the bed for 100 yards, the
eight bodies being carried each by a couple
of men.    Passing through   thorns, which
tore our garments at every step, and iu
profound   darkness—the   moon   could not
pierce the dense foliago above our heads—
we came suddenly upon the grave.    There
was only one big hole—it occupied almost
the whole breadth of tho stream.    It waa
very deep ; the lugghaes were sitting at the
end, sharpening their stakes wherewith to
pin down the  bodies.    My father complimented the diggers upon their dexterity.
' This,' he murmured, in a low, clei.r voice,
' is a grave that would bailie  even the nose
of a hyena.'   As each body was thrown in
an   incision   was made   in  the   abdomen,
through which  stakes were driven, and in
this way room waa made for tho gasea to
escape, so that the corpses might not swell.
The hole in the bushes through which we
had crept was closed with  great care, and
after the grave had been filled with huge
rocks and stones, and covered with prickly
busheB at the top,  we turned and went on
our way without a word.    The hindmost
man broke off a thickly leaved branch, and,
trailing it after him, obliterated every footmark in the dry sand."
koast^d iir.it < nuns hand.
Hi III II on n Hot Stove I ill,- It IhhmkI
nearly to the Bone—Mrs. Asrces lie; Hi-U
Accused or Fearful t'rui'Iir.
A despatch from New Yor!) saya :—A
case of great cruelty to children was brought
to light in Orange, N. J., recently. Mrs.
Agnes Branch, colore.l. who live?, at Orchard and South-streets, beat her 1 year-old
daughter mo3t cruelly, and held the child's
hand on a hot stove till the flesh was terribly
The woman was married in Virginia where
she had two children, George and Maud.
The former is 8 years old and the latter 7.
Some years ago the mother left these two
children in care of her mother, Mra. Henrietta Grigga, and came to Orange. There
she was married to Branch, by whom she
has two children, a boy and a girl.
On' Aug. l.r> Mrs. Grigga went to the
Orange Police Station and asserted that
her daughter bad beaten the children with
the hickory rocker of a hobby horse and
that the girl was a mass of bruises.
Mrs. Blanch was arrested on Aug. 16
and taken before Judgo Davis, but the
grandmother was prevailed upon by her
daughter not to press the charge. Two
days later Mrs. Branch again beat tho
children terribly, and Bhe was arrested
and put under $-00 bonds. Mrs Griggs
left the house and is living in Cuutiold-
On Thursday Mrs. Moody, who lives ou
tho floor above the Branch family, went to
tho station house and reported that the
abuse of the children had continued. She
said that the mother had on that day not
only beaten her children terribly, but had
taken the hand of the little girl and placing
it on the hot stove held it there, despite
tho struggles of the child, till the flesh was
burned almost to the bone.
Detective Conroy went to the house and
found tho mother absent and the children
there. Ho drew from the little cnes their
story and found that, the report had not
been exaggerated,
George and Maud presented a pitiful
sight yesterday morning. Their cadaverous faces told of misery and lack of food.
The little girl was in a pitiable condition.
One hand was disabled from the cruel
burning, and on one cheek and eye were
large black and blue marks. On her head
and neck were lumps and scars.
The boy, too, had acara on his head and
welts on his body. On the mantelpiece was
a buckle strap about two feet long with
which the mother had beaten him nearly
every night of bis life.
ule a barricade of ft.    He I     '■•"""""•"""' »■—- --
behind this like a soldier, itook themselves once more to the road after
n. delav of a few mlnutBSi  and  auch  was
Do not be discouraged il you are deceived in tho people of the world whom you
have most befriended ; they are more often
than otherwise "rotten to the core."
From such sources aa these you may be
most unexpectedly deceived, and you will
justly feel the vonom of the adder's ating.
But to auch aa these you will become accustomed, and they will lose the novelty
and " charm" they had over you before
you grow very gray, and you will learn to
trust them more cautiously, or rather distrust them altogether, as you shall examine
their character more closely before you allow
them to further injure you. Don't be discounted under any circumstances. Go
steadily forward—turn not to the right nor
the loft! Let " forward march" be your
motto—fearless ot atorma and misadventures—as the intrepid soldier advancea to
the field of victory to unfurl the trium flag
of hia country. ConBult your conscience
rather than the opinions of men first ; and
afterwards consider their opinions the
the better to adjust your compass. The
opinions of good men should always be regarded. Be industrious, be sober, be honest,
dealing in perfect kindness with all who
come in your way, exercising an obliging
and friendly spirit in your whole intercourse ; and if you do not prosper as your
individual associates in tho battle for individual success, depend upon it you will
at least be as happy as they iu the consciousness that you have Improved yur
opportunity to the beat of your ability.
determined to die	
When the gaolers came he fought Hie one
demented, and they offered him /terms.
Trenck surrendered hia barricade as if it
had been a citadel. I
Then followed another horrible period of
imprisonment. Liter a new warden was
appointed, and Trenck was trnslsd less
cruelly. Now he secretly consWictxd a
subterranean   gallery   57   fast  m,   A
:.*W-» cTUTA   */3'*<s,  *>'>"*■* -i.~r\ _~\-l*-t XTe»..'V'i^flp^»X.—»J
to test Frederick's generosity. >
He proposed to the warden that on a
certain day  at  a  certs in   hour  he and
all the prison officials should come to hia
cell. He promiaed that they should find
the cell empty, and that he would appear
among them from the outside of the prison.
They laughed at him.
Then, before his astounded gaolera,
Trenck threw off his chains as if they had
been a garment, showed them his tools,
lifted the pavement of the floor, and allowed them his subterranean passage, ai neatly built as if it had been the work of an
This time admiration accomplished what
pity had never been able to do. Frederick
pardoned him, and after nearly twenty
years of cruel imprisonment Trenck was a
freo man. In 1794, for some political offence, he was executed in France.
I'll! on ill of Members.
Now that  the Imperial  Parliament baa
resolved upon the payment of its  niembore
anything bearing upon tho  subject is considered interesting over   lliore.    A  pallia-
me ntary paper just issued gives the various
amounts paid to legislators in the different
colonies.   In   Newfoundland members receive an allowance of SI'2)  a session, but
have neither travelling expenses nor free
passes on railways.    In Australia and the
Cape, where railways are controlled by the
colon y,members have in all caaesfree railway
passes, and in some cases it is made  a condition in the contract for the maila that the
mail coaches shall carry members fiee.    In
Natal an allowance of 12. a day is paid during   the   session.     Members   of the Cape
Parliament receive one guinea a day,  and
to thoao living at a diatance from the Parliament house  an  additional allowance of
15a   a   day for poraonal expen8ea is paid.
Members of the Legislative Council of New
Zealand receive  1502.   a  year,  and of the
House of Representatives 2402. a year, with
reasonable  travelling expenaca, but deductions aro   made   for non-attendance.      In
Queensland, New South  Wales,  and Victoria,  salariea   of   3002. a year are  paid.
Iu Ottawa the rate is about S10 a day during the session ; in Ontario it averages SO a
day ; Quebec, §600 the  session.    Payment
in Nova Scotia is §500 a session.    This rate
is also paid to members  of the Legislative
Assambly of the North  West Territories
with travelling allowances
In these days of bank stringency it takes
an artist to draw money.
The New (.'olonlnl Parly.
Whatever name may be given   to the
new political organization just formed in
England for the furtherance cf colonial interests in the imperial parliament  taere is
undoubtedly a wide field of useful work
before   it.   In   far distant Australia and
New Zealand,  aa well as in the  British
House of Commons, beneficial mov'3inents
may bo pushed forward.   At the. preliminary meeting mention was made of the necessity for improved cable communication with
the Coloniea,  the abolition of the postal
anomalies, the cessation of the transportation of French convicts to New Caledonia,
and reform in the appointment of Colonial
governors.    Many other mattera might bo
readily suggested as tending  towards tho
realization oi the great idea of Imperial
Federation towards which Lord Rcsebery
looks forward.    Near at hand, and with a
promise of immediate beni-lit.lies the Ocean
Penny Post, which Mr.   Hcnuilier Hcaton
•upports  so   energetically from   the  ful-
n s*   of   his   knowledge   of   Australian
life.     Sir   .lohn    Gorst   owes   much   of
hia   all-round    knowledge    of   men   and
affairs of state  to  tho diversified Colonial
experiences  Unit   he  passed  through.    In
this country Mr. Blako'a failure ils a politician was due to lack of sympathy wilh his
party and not to any want of ability.  If Sir
John Thompson could journey from Ottawa
to Paris to take part in tho Bearing Sea
arbitration, why may not a Canadian Minister of the future travel to London to sit
with the rulers of tho Empire in the British
Parliament ?   Let the door be opened, and
we have the examples of Sir Henry Parkes
and Sir John Macdonald to provo that men
of strong character will not be lacking.
This, however, is looking into the future.
For the present, we are glad to see that the
new party propoaes to begin quietly.    It
will embrace all niembeis of tho House of
Commona who happen to be connected with
self-governing coloniea.   Instead of interfering with, it will help on any work of the
official representatives of Colonial governments in London.    Had such a party been
in eyistenco a year ago Sir Charles Tupper
would not have had to struggle almost alone
against the Imperial Board of Agriculture,
which continuis  to forbid the importation
of Canadian live cattle.    A compact group
LUU1V  LlieillSteirve  ,   wuw   •••    -
a delay of a few minutes, and such was
their knowledge of tho country in which
they were operating that, under the dexterous guidance of their loaders, pursuit was
Scouts were continually thrown out in
advance, on the flank, or in the rear of
'* Bhowanee's faithful children," and such
lives; of thousands of rich victims were-
sacrificed year after year that for centuries
total immunity, not only from punishment,
but even from stis-deion,. was the reward
accorded by Bhon...iee and her bloodthirsty
husband, Siva, to these scourges of the
human race.
Meadows Taylor, in his three volumed
work entitled "Confessions of a Thug,"
tella us that moBt of the information supplied in his work came from a ruffian called
& meer Ali, who told him that, before he
turned informer to save his worthless life,
he had, aa a Thug, put to death with his
own hand 719 victims. " Ah 1 Sahib," he
added, regretfully, " If I had not been in
prison for twelve yeara, the number would
certainly have been 1,000." When Ameer
Ali was five years old hia father and mother
were killed by Thuga. The boy was spared
through the interposition of one of the band,
and was reared as a Thug. A chapter in
Meadows Taylor's work tella how Ameer
Ali's father had persuaded a rich sowcar to
accompany the band of Thugs which the
old man commanded from the sowcar's home
in Nagpoor to' Hyderabad, whither thoy
were all bound. The Bowcar imagining
himself to be in honest handa, informed the
head of tlie band of murderers that he was
about to carry a
together with aome  valuablo jewels   and
merchant! iae, from Nagpoor to Hyderabad.
"Juat at nightfall," said Ameer Ali,  "the
sowcar came to our oamp in a small travelling cart, with two servants and three ponies
on which his tent and baggage were laden,
and  with ten bullocks and their  drivers.
Altogether there wore eight men, including
the sowcar.    He was a large, unwieldy man
and I thought him a good subject for my
first trial.    My father, to whom I mentioned my thoughts, was much pleased with me,
* * * Daily did 1 repair to my  instructor,
an old and accomplished bhutlote, in order
to make myself perfect in  my profession,
Our journey lay through the richest manufacturing districts  of  Hindustan  until we
approached Oomniulio, between which  and
Munglnor   throe stagos interpose.    "Soon,"
whiBpored my father to me, "I shall decido
on the place for onding this matter, among
soino low hills and ravines not far ahead."
Tho guides wero called in and gave a  very
clear description of a spot admirably adapted for our purpose.    I now  felt that my
time had almost come.    Perhaps it was  a
youth's weakness, but from that moment I
kept out of sight of the sowcar as much aa
possible.    An   involuntary   shudder  crept
over me when I did see him ;   but  it was
too late to retract and I had a character to
gain.   It was   generally known throughout our band that I had the sowcar assigned
to me, and all looked forward to my first
trial cheering and encouraging me with a
few words whenever I drew near them. The
handkerchief   was   then   intrusted  to me
by the Gooroo, with the   solemn words:
"Take this sacred weapon, my son;   put
thy   heart into   it.   In   the holy   name of
Kalee Bhowanee, I bid it do thy will 1"
"Wo remained in conversation aome
time, and then threw ourselves on our carpets to snatch a brief rest.    Before long we
Cholera In Europe.
From neanj every country of Europe,
and also from Egypt and Arabia, we have
had reports of the existence of cholera
within the past month. Its ravages in
Russia, where it first appeared in the spring
of last year, have continued ever since that
time, and are even more widespread now
than they were in the summer of 1892 ; they
were distressing in Italy during the past
month, but they are now lessening ; they
have for weeks been severe in Austria-Hungary, especially in the Hungarian part of
the empire ; they have decreased as the disease advanced westward, entering Germany,
-tx.au.«J ..T).-.;t—..-•*, JB..^*, Jwjr.w.^ji^.
sin, in which "Ve countries there hare
been between -wo hundred and three hun
drcd cases, about one-third of them fatal.
In England, the place most seriously affected is the port of Grimsby ; in Holland, it
is Rotterdam ; in Belgium, Antwerp ; in
France, Nantes ; in Italy, Palermo (since
the subsidence of the disease in Naples) ;
and in Germany, perhaps Berlin, though
the cases there have been few. We have
not heard of more than one case at Hamburg thia year, and that was in July. The
infected places in whioh wo are most directly interested are, of course, those at
which emigrants take ship for this continent, and these at this time arc, Antwerp,
Rotterdam, and Marseilles. There is never
any emigration from Russian ports ; there
is not any now from Italian porla ; there is
not any from the small English port of
Grimsby. But it is unusually large this
year from Antwerp, Rottendam, and Mar-
aoilles. The Jewish Ruasiana who are debarred from Hamburg go to the Belgian
and Dutch porta ; many Italians go to tho
French port on the Mediterranean. Every
week immigrant-carrying ships arrive in
New York from one or other of these ports.
The Russians aboard of them are from a
country in which cholera has been epidemic
for eighteen months ; the Italians may be
from the infected rogions of Italy. They
are all, of course, inspected before they can
procure passage tickets ; and it is Baid that
it would hardly be possible to keep a
closer and more rigid supervision over
them than is kept oonatanly at the port of
Now York. Tho sanitary authorities of all
the countries and cities of western Europe
are displaying lemarkahlc energy this year
in the enforcement of measures against the
oholern. The recent discoveries in aoience
aro of great service to thorn ; and the syatem of sanitary co-operation thatwra provided lor laat year, has proved to be especially advantageous this summer. Novor bo-
fore during all the ages of the ravages of
tho great Asiatic plague has it met with
such resistance west of the HlaoK and Baltic
seas as in the year 18!!.'). The results thus
far have certainly justified the maintenance
of thia resistance. It calls for tho utmost
vigilance on the part of tho Canadian
authorities along the border, to prevent tho
entrance of immigrants from the infected
Europaan ports until after tho most careful inspection
A Wonderful Procession.
The most unique procession that has
ever taken place in the world's history
marked the opening of the world's parliament of religions at the art institute in
Chicago on Monday, It was a procession
that had a world of meaning in it—one that
would have been impossible not many years
ago. Jews marched with Gentiles, and
CatholicB marched with Protestants. The
religious beliefs of India, of China and of
Japan were represented, as well as those of
the English-speaking nations, all attired in
their priestly robes and wearing the insignia of their office, marched to the platform while the audience rose and cheered
at the sight. First came Cardinal Gibbons,
escorted by President Bonney. Then came
Mrs. Potter Palmer and Mrs. Charles Hen-
notin, representing the Board of Lady
Managers, and then the following with
their suites: Archbishop Redwood, ol
New Zealand ; Archbishop Dionysio Latas,
*>*-  "r-i—  ti.._„ _,*_.
, of Zante, Greece ;/ Rer. John Heiry Barrows,   oi   t/iucago;   KicaOrsribj, ifeeniaT,
Count A. Bernstorff, of Berlin;   Dr. Carl
Von Bergen, of Sweden;  Prof. C. N. Cha-
harar, D. DharmapalaandP.C. Moosomdar,
of   India;    Rev.    Augusta    Chapin,    of
Chicago;   Rev. Alexander   D.   McKenzie,
Pung Quang   Yu,   of  China;   Dr,  E. G.
Hirch, of Chicago;   Miss Jean Siribi and
Khorsedji   Laugraua, of Bombay ;   Biah.op
Bwarnette and Mra. Laura Ormiaton Chant.
Even more inspiring was the scene when tho
vast audience arose and joined in singing
"Praise Godfrom whom allBlessines Flow,"
and later when Cardinal Gibbons led thoso
of all nations   and all roligions in reciting
the Lord's prayer. The regular proceedings
of the parliament of religions were opened
auspiciously by an invocation by Cardinal
Gibbons   and addresses by President O.C
Bonney   and religious lights from various
parts of the world,    President Bom .ley, in
Lis address of welcome, said they should
all give thanks for being able to take part
in 80 grand a  congress, one that  so fully     exemplified    peace    and     progress
and     which    would    have     so    great
an    influence     on   the  world.   Cardinal
Gibbons replying said that though all did
not agree on matters of faith, there was one
platform on which they wore all united,
that waB charity,  humanity and benevolence.    He said that he could not impress
too strongly on everyone that each was his
brother's   keeper.    That   was, tho whole
theory ot humanity.    If Christ had cried
with Cain, " Am I my brother's keeper 1"
wo would still bo walking iu darknesj,
Tbc Vrcnlest Wrplh to Which n Diver tan
Thia variesaccordingto the personal physique and skill of the diver, A depth of 25
falhoniB, or 150 foot, is tiBiially oousiderei
tho ordinary limit for safe working amongst
those engaged in that occupation, and it is
only divers of the greatest skill, strength,
and endurance that can safely descend below that depth, while many aro so constituted as would make it unsafe to dcsauid ho
far. A diver named Lambort descended off
the Canary Islands to a depth of (17 fathoms
or 102 feet. A much greater depth, how-
over, was accomplished by a diver named
Hooper, who made seven descents to a depth
of 204 feet, or 1)4 fathoms, in connection
with the cargo of tho ship Cape ")Iorn,
wrecked off the coast of South America and
at ono time he remained forty-two minutes
under water. Siobe gives the greatest depth
to which auy diver has ber n known to do-
scend as 210 foot (S3  fat loms,) which is
      _f   do)IK      in   lUa
Professor Huxley was formerly a naval
United States Acting Attorney-General   80em, ttB _lV) „„„ ,„„ ,„,,.„„
Whitney has   declared   that  bicycles aro   equivftlent to a pressure of 8841b.  to the
personal effects,  and   are entitled to free   8quare inoh,    alight men of muscular build,
of Canadian live cattle.    A compact group   pets to ouatejH „,,..„, o
of Colonial members, acting together for ths   were roused, and all moved out togotner.
1 ' '    " ' ' ,..l.-.,-«•»! the virniT  WAS BEAUTIFUL,
Ol   V^OlOlllHl   UIOIIiee.,«|» ^ O--	
common good, should be able to render real
and lasting service to the State,
"Life is a song," said some poet, and he
told the truth. Btit it is a sad reflection
that a man may make his existence as obnoxious to society aa some popular tunes
get to be.
the road excellent, and we pushed on in
high spirits. The booty wc were about to
secure, the tact with which tho whole affair
bad been managed, would mirk it aa an
enterprise of superior craft nnd skill We
had proceeded about two cosa (four miles')
when ono of the scouts made his way tj
pei'SUUil.1    Clkeevew,     ......       _,___      	
entry into the country as such, when neccs-
sary to the comfort and convenience of the
Dr. Bosse, Prussian Miniater of Public
Worahip, haa announced in a circular that
children whose families have no religious
faith need not receive religious instruction
in the Public schoola except at the requeBt
ot their parents.
Letters juat received in England from an
officer ot Emin Pasha'B expedition confirm
the report of the murder of Emin, and an-
bounces the finding of a box of hia de8patch-
es written shortly before he was murdered.
Jones—"Robbins gave me this cigar.-
Brown—" I don't blame him."
Nearly twice as much coal is used in
England as in any other country, in proportion to population.
More than one-third of the total revenue
of the United Kingdom is derived from al-
oohol and tobaeco.
square mwu,    ^..K...—	
with good circulation, sound hearts, sJ^ady
nerves, and of temperate habits make tho
best divers. There are great perils iu the
lifo of a diver, and the pay when in work is
good. A diver in full employnmry, earns
about £15 per week, but can earn, this
amount only in fine weather whes tii* sea
is smooth. The question of raising t<tc Victoria has been debated, but as she lies in 70
fathoms, or 420 feot of water, reproteiiting
a total pressure of about lS61b. to the c«iare
inch, it is clearly Impossible to ndae Ci'r by
the aid of divers.
Central America has ninety active vol-
The Prince of Wales rs an atie^t «• i.'n-
juring tricks.
Paper Btockinga aro the latect riiy*-;^ ill
| Germauv, /
rheESoiyofBrldy. Whomever Wa<i Ready-
Once or. a time lived a dear little boy,
Moreover, a very queer little boy,
Who always wasoalllng " Please wait!"
He }%_ -uiverraady for morning prayers,
He wcS last to rise and la-t upstairs;
At breakfast, dinnor, and lunch, his bead
I'oppsd Into the room when the  grace was
He was always a little too lato ;
And all the time it was, "Hurry up, Eddy,
You're sure to be late, you never are ready!
Hi went in undignified haste, poll-mell,
Into the school al the tardy-bell.
Forgetting his book and his slate;
He walked to church and to Sunday-school,
Because to ride it. was always the rule,
To be on time. It was mother's dread
He'd not get in till tho lesson was real.
Because lie was always too late;
And every Sabbath 'twas " Hurry up, Boar,
Yon're suro to be late, you never arc ready !
Vacation time came, they were goin? abroad,
Harry and Susy and Nelly and Maud ;
Thoy wont through the steamer's gate.
The plank was drawn in to the grief of the
When Eddy rushed breathlessly out on tho
His fathers-aid from the deck, "We roam,
But von must spend your vacation at home.
For this habit of being ton late."
And the waves   seemed   to mock him  with
"Hurry upKdily.
You're always laic, you never aro ready!
He grew to a man: but habits are things
That boys must battle,thoy do not take wings.
He never was useful nor great.
Thoy plucked him at college, in business you'l
He never succeeds who is always behind.
The girl that ho loved had patience sublime.
Hut was won by the man who was always on
She said, " You're ftllttle too lato,
For Cupid don't wait for a laggard. Kddy."
The will that achieves is prompt nnd Is steady,
The world moves ahead if a man isn't ready.
The First Wrong Aot,
I was in the town of B on business for
flic firm with which I was connected. A
famous trial was in progress at the courthouse, and it was the topic of conversation.
William Moreton, a young man, was on
trial for burglary. What attracted attention was the intelligent appearance of the
prisoner, his good conduct while awaiting
his trial, and his seemingly sincere repentance.
He was a stranger in the town. Ho hail
come there a day or two before the burglary, and had been caught in the act. He
would not toll where he came from nor anything about his family or his past life. No
one believed that he gave his true name,
and this air of mystery added interest to
the case.
Getting through with my business early
in the afternoon, I dropped into the courthouse to pas3 away the time, as I could not
leave town until the next day. When I got
a good look at the prisoner I knew him.
Hia name was Morton Williams, and he had
been a schoolmate of mine.
The case was given to the jury a few
minutes after I arrived, and in half an hour
they brought in a verdict of guilty, and he
was sentenced to two years in the penitentiary.
That evening I obtainod permission and
visited the prisoner. He knew me. He
recognized me, he said, the moment I entered the court room. I had not seen or heard
of him foi fourteen years.
"I am sorry to find you in thia condition,"
I said after shaking hands.
"I am sorry you find me in it," he said,
"but it's my own fault."
"When I loft Millbury, fourteen years
ago," I said, "you had just commenced to
clerk for DeLong, in his store."
"Yes," he replied, with a eigh, "there is
I want to tell you about it. If young men
who are tempted could only aee the end of
• the road they enter when they commit tlie
first wrong act, they would never commit
He waa Bilent for a while, evidently calling up events in his past life. He was the
son of a farmer. His father and mother
were worthy, God-tearing people, and his
only- -sister was a teacher in the public
schools of hia native town.
"I was sixteen when I entered DeLong's
store as a clerk," he resumed. "I was
thrown into the aociety of other clerks, and
young men in various positions. I was
constantly invited to drink beer and smoke
cigars, and though I refused for some time,
I at last fell. I took my first drink. It was
not long until I oould smoke and drink beer
without thinking much about it. Then I
was enticed to billiards and cards.
' 'All this time I kept my new accomplishments from the knowledge of my parents
and my employer. I did not neglect busi-
noss, and every Sunday I would spend at
"We had a kind of a club, composed of a
dozen young fellows about my age.     W
rented a room whe.e we met at night to
play cards, drink, smoke, sing, and 'enjoy
■ ourselves,' as wc termed it.
" My salary was not large enough to
stand all this expense, and I got into debt.
I owed a hundred dollars that I lost in
gambling. I did not dare to ask father for
money, and my debts must be paid. It was
my duty to deposit tho day's surplus cash
iii tho bank. One day the cash amounted
to just §1,120. I kept the $120 and deposited the thousand. I had a fountain pen,
and alter getting back to tho store I went
into a private room, erased tho necessary
figures, and made them correspond to tho
amount I received. I knew tho false record
would bo discovered, and that night I left
Millbury.    I had boenmo acquainted  with
two or throe traveling men in C , and I
went thero.
" Fathor settled tho matter with De
Long and there was no fuss made. I got
nil'easy, and it encouraged mo in the downward course. I could got no employment
in C—— for some timo, but finally secured
a place behind a bar. A month before this
I would have considered it an insult to be
told that I would ever drop so low as to
attend bar. But I was ' hard up' and besides, my conscience was becoming calloused A year before I would have resented the
thought even that I could ever become a
drinker and a gambler. But it is easy to
go down. All you need to do ia to let go.
" A bartender is thrown with men of the
worst classes, and in their company I soon
found myself without any anchor. I was
adrift on the sea of sinful pleasures and
" I drifted from one thing to another for
years. I often reaolved to abandon the life
I was leading and go back home. But ihe
memory of my first crime kept mo back.
Two months ago 1 became a 'tramp,' and
begged my way to this place, sleeping in
barns and outhouses or under haystacks.
You have heard of the burglary here, and I
need not repeat that Bart of my story.
" I have been in this cell a month, and
have had time to reflect. My punishment
is just. I shall serve out my sentence, and
then, with the help of the Almighty, I shall
load a better life. If I ever can win character and station, I shall go back to my father
and mother, and try to make some amends
for the pain nnd sorrow I have caused them.
" I changed my name when I left Millbury.    My  pa;en's   believe   I   am  dead. I
Don't undeceive them. Promise that you
will never let any one know who I really
am until I give you liberty lo do so."
I gave the promise and left him bowed
down with remorse but animated by a desire to become a better man. Alas, it was
too late ! A year later I saw the announcement of his death in the prison.
Boys, beware of the first wrong act. Preserve your innocence. If you never take the
first drink you will never acquire the accursed habit,and will never be a drunkard.
Drink leads to all other crimes. It destroys
character, conscience, manhood, health,and
tlie soul itself. Preserve your innocence.
It will be worth more to you some day than
all else besides. Keep away from places
where drink is sold. Shun all immoral
places. Avoid companionship that will
pull you down, and choose that which will
lift you up and will help you to an upright,
honest, clean, noble, Christian manhood.
Keep your souls clean. You can never get
rid of the effects of sin. Every wroug act
leaves a scar that will always remain, even
though by repentance the wound is healed.
l»r..lotinslon.llic African Traveller Thinks
Emlu Mllll Lives.
Dr. elamef. Johnston, of Jamaica, West
Indies, who is well known in Toronto, but
who is now in New York, was naked by a
reporter his opinion of the iatest story about
Emin Pasha's death.    Thedocter said;
"I do not believe Emin is dead. Everything I know about tho man. leads mo to
doubt that he could poasibly have come to
his tleith in any such way as the foreign
despatches tell us. Emin Pasha, is a diplomat, skilled in the finest attributes of tho
art. None knows better than he how to
deal with the Arabs and Mohammedans of
Central Africa. He knows their leaders,
their customs, and their strength and vin-
dictivencss, and ho surely would not be
foolish enough to go into their fastnussos,
as he is said to have done, and wreak summary vengeance on men whose thousands of
friends he could be certain would more
than pay him back in kind. He is a
politician, and there is nothing foolish in
hie make-up. There i8 not in Africa a more
skillful tactician than he.
" No, you can rest reasonably assured
that Emin Pasha is not dead I do not believe it, and will not not until some white
man who has seen either hia remains or
some indisputable proof of hia having been
killed, cornea forward and tella the 8tory.
" Thsse tales of death in equatorial
Africa are frequent and unreliable. Moat
of them come from natives, and a few travellers, who have seen heads exposed on poles
have, when they reached the coast, told
strange tales of the deaths of explorera.
" I waB not far from Emm's locality about
eight months ago, arid heard from him
frequently. He was then a little south of
Victoria Nyanza, and everything thereabouts waa in perfect peace. He sent me
word he had never been on better terms
with the Arabs, and that he had regained
with the people of Central Africa nearly all
the prestige that he had previoualy lost.
His prospects were bright, and there was
not a cloud on his horizon of success, These
reports of his death are periodical and, as
you know from experience, utterly worthless."
a passes merchant-
Krllish Itule  In  Inilln-Wuut Eacb Baee
Deslres-ETils/f the Tariff Wall.
E.C. Banatwala/a Paraee merchant, of
Bombay, was in Toronto the other day op
his way from fi'iina, via Vancouver and
Vjtiifcago, *- fojkm;—gHnniiei" lifttrat' ih
the World's IjRir was that of establishing
an Indian trade-wfth- thia continent. " Hon-
esty~is* the beat policy," ia a cardinal
article in Mr. Banatwala's business creed.
The Parsees, who have become wealthy in
business, he remarked, amassed their fortunes because of their thorough integrity.
They could be trusted, and were trusted
when many of them Were poor, and the
trust thua reposed was a backing better
than gold. Cliaracter has told in Parsee
success in Bombay, and he testified to the
large number of his countrymen who
deserved the name of honest men.
Speaking of the position of British affairs
in the Eastern Empire, Banatwala eaid the
Hindus would be glad to aee one of their
own race rule in India, and hoped it might
be an actuality before long. They were
opposed to any revolution for the purpoae
of aecuring this, because they feared that
in the struggle the wealthy would lose all
and the poor gain nothing.
The Mohammedans made no seciet of
their desire to see the Sultan of Turkey
ruler of all the faithful. Their desire does
not appear to be within the bounds ot probability.
Regarding Banatwala's own people, the
Parseea, the distinguiahed traveller said
they desired the continuance of British
rule, and would resist any attempt by
Russia or any other power to upset or
weaken the influence of Britain in India.
He thought the Christians who really
desired to benefit India should send out
carpenteie, weavers and mechanics generally to teach the natives how to work.
Frozen Air-
The recent experiments in France In
measuring tho temperature of the higher
regions of the atmosphere by means of balloons furnished with automatic recording
instruments have suggested the queitlon
whether the air continues to be "air," iu
the sense in which we understand it, at a
very great elevation from the earth.   The
diminutions uf temporature aro bo rapid as
to indicate that in interstellar apace it must
sink at least as low as 450'' or ,"ilJO Fahrenheit below zero, and perhaps much lower.
But at far less extreme degrees of cold
than these, oxygen and nitrogen, tho principal constituents of air, have been experimentally liquefied and solidified. What
then is the condition of the air at heights
where the temperature is so low?
M. de Fouvielle answers that the air
thero "loses its gaseous condition and becomes changed into a series of minute crystals or drops which follow the earth in its
motion through space, and are constantly
vaporized when falling in regions whore the
temperature is somewhat above their point
of liquefaction or evaporation,"
What an astonishing thing, in its effects,
is temperature! On the earth iron is a
solid, in the Bun it ia a vapor; temperature
makea the difference.
At the equator water is always a liquid,
in the polar regions much of it is continually a solid—-difference of temperature again.
The air wc live-in is gaaeoua at and near
the surface of the globe, but if M. de Fouvielle is right, at an elevation of a few miles
above the ground air is either liquid or
solid, or both. And once again variation
of temperature plays the chief part in
producing differences in condition.
So long aa ho must fight his way, the man
of genius pushes forward, conquering and
to conquer. But how often is he at last
overcome by a Capua ! Ease and fame bring
sloth and slumber.
Dr. McBrldc nml Ills Uueer Aerial Traveling  Outfit.
Dr. R. C. McBride of Orange, Va., probably drives the queerest team ever put to
harness since that golden day when young
Phaeton ran away with his father's celestial
outfit and set the world on fire. Writing
of his novel team the doctor says :
"If you will allow me space in your columns I will give for the interest of your
readers my experiments with a team of five
wild geese raised ou my farm in Virginia.
I was giver, by a friend living on Chesapeake bay a pair of wild geese, and from
them raised eleven the first year, five of
which were ganders. I commenced training them as soon as hatched by driving
them about the yard tied together, and
soon got them so I could guide them with
perfect ease. I then made for them a har-
neaa consisting of a piece of leather to fit
over the breast and top of the neck. The
tiaces were fastened to that on either side
and held in place by a thin strap that encircled the entire body juit in front of the
wings. The traces then joined each other
eighteen inches behind the goose and were
fastened to the end of a cross bar made fast
in tho center to a strap which represented
the polo or tongue of the weight to be
drawn, they being hitched like a five-horse
team and held together by a little strap
joining the two collars of the geese opposite each other. I then constructed a little
wagon and began teaching them to draw it,
which they did with but little trouble,
pulling easily, after they were 1 year old,
thirty pounds apiece, 150 pounds,
"There is a Ipke near my place over a
mile in circumference and I had made for
them a light skiff of tin, weighing only
twenty-eight pounds, and began boat rid-
ingby letting them draw me over the water
by swimming. Then I commenced teaching them to fly, and in a few days I could
skim over the water at the rate of one
mile a minute. It is an experience never
to be forgotten and something to be perfectly enjoyed. I can guide them with
perfect ease and have them as much under
my control as a pair of gentle liorseB.
"Last winter I made of light, well-seasoned wood a little frame with steel runners—a trieyele sleigh—and made a mile
and a quarter per minute on the ice, riding
in a circle. The feeling of going at that
rate through the open air is something
grand and wonderful. The wiud whistling
by your ears like a tornado, causing the
tears to flow thick and fast, made it neces-
aary for me to use a glass over my face to
keep from freezing.
" I am now completing a balloon, oblong
in shape, that will just bear my weight,
and intend visiting the world's fair in September, making an aerial trip, and will
there exhibit my team by flying in a circlo
over the fair grounds. I think f can make
thirty miles an hour against a wind blowing twenty-five miles, and keep up that
rate for ten consecutive hours. I shall
offer the use of my team to Capt. Symmes
to make hia Arcfic trip with. After he haa
gone aa far north as ho can by water he
could then, in ten hours, the wind being
favorable, with my aerial team, leave his
steamer and go 300 or 400 miles north, make
ob8ervationa and return to his vessel to
supper. I have other suggestions to make
Capt. Symmes of far more importance, if
he wiBhea, and will correspond with or meet
him at Chicago the latter part ot September." '	
Shocking Scene at an Execution-
Australian papers to hand give shocking
details  of  the scene at the execution of
finfttjffl Mwtiil)   Arnhei;, ftliM Fuller,, f_
Banana Peel on the Sidewalk-
Th* streetcar had passed, but to eutch it ho
So he ran like a deer, and shouted and beckon-
I   ed.
Till he planted his heel
On a smooth bit of pool-
Then he saw half a million of stars in n second.
He was in too great a hurry ; better have
waited for another car. There are cases,
bowuver, where haste is tieeessary. If you
have night-sweats, feverishness, weak, sore
lungs and a hacking cough, do not lose an
hour in obtaining a supply of Dr. Pierce's
Golden Medical Discovery. Delay in such
e ises is dangerous ; it may be fatal. Before
the disease lias made too great progress,the
" Golden Medical Discovery " is a certain
cure. In fact, it's guaranteed to benefit or
cure, or money paid for it promptly refunded.-
•'   Early Mention of Niagara Falls-
The St. Louis Republic says; The first
historical notices of Niagara falls are given
in l.esoarbot's record of the second voyage
ot Jacques Cartier in tho year 1535. On
the maps published to illustrate Chaplain's
discoveries (date of maps either 1613 or 1014)
the. falls are indicated by a cross, hut no
description of the wonderful cataract is
given, and the best geographical authorities
liv.ng to-day doubt if tlie explorer mentioned ever saw the falls, Unnson's work on the
contrary notwithstanding. Father Henue-.
pin is believed to have written the fiist
dettrlption of the falls that was ever penrv-
od by one who had personally visited the
spot. The editor owns a map dated 1557
which does not figure either the great lakes
or the iu.Ha.
An Affectinir Inoident •
LirdGillford, flag lieu tenant of tlie Victoria,
ha'l to face a trying ordeal at Osborne when
tin Queen asked him for a minute account
of ihe disaster in the Mediterranean. Her
Majesty's strongly emotional nature is lsss
unter control now than it was in former
da/s, and as Lord Gillfora proceeded with
his story the Queen so completely broke
down that his narrative had to be postponed
until sho had in some measure regained her
composure. The Sovereign's grief is not to
be wondered at, for a direct account from
aneye-witnessof the fearful occurrence must
ha/e been thrilling in the extreme, besides
bringing forcibly before the Queen the enormous number of valuable livos which were
sacrificed. It is well known that her Majesty is devoted to her navy.
An Important Soientifio Discovery •
Nerviline, the latest discovered pain
retiedy, may safely challenge tho world for
a lubstitute that will as speedily and
promptly cheek inflammatory action. The
hiflily penetrating properties of Nerviline
mike it never failing in all cases of rheumatism, neuralgia, cramps, pains in the back
and side, headache, lumbago, etc. It poa-
seises marked stimulating and counter
initant properties, and at once subdues all
Inflammatory action. Ormand & Walsh,
druggists, Peterboro', write: "Our cus-
toners 9peak well of Nerviline." Large
btttles 25 cents. Try Nerviline, the great
inernal and external pain cure. Sold by
0.11 druggiata and country dealera.
Every author in some degree portrays
hinaelf in his works, even if it be against
hii will.
Or. Harvey's Southern Red Pine ior
enjghs and colda ia the most reliable and
pc-'fect cough medicine in tho market. For
ah everywhere.
Honoring: Scott-
The Duke of Argyll, the Earl of Ro3ebery
and the Earl of Aberdeen were among the
distinguished Scotsmen who sent wreaths
of flowers and heather to decorate the statue of Sir Walter Scott in Glasgow in honor
of the hundred and twenty-second anniversary of the great writer's birthday. The
monument, which stands in George square,
Edinburgh, was magnificently decorated.
About 10,000 people were present at the
meeting around it, and speeches by local
dignitaries were loudly applauded. The
keynote of the orations waa contained in a
sentence spoken by Rev. T. Somerville :
"Of all the kings, mighty men of valor.and
princes whe have adorned and exalted thia
laDd, Scott waa undoubtedly the chief."
They that govern make least noise, as
they that row the barge do work and puff
and sweat, while he that governs sits quietly at the stern  aud scarce is seen to stir.
So Disappointment
Can arise from the use of the great snro-pop
corn cure—Putnam's Painless Corn Extractor. Putnam's Extractor removes corns
painlessly in a few days. Take no substitute.    At druggists.
Example is a dangerous lure ; where the
wasp got through, the gnat sticks fast.
A. P. 677.
of Cod-liver Oil and Ilypophosphilcs
is both a food and a remedy. It is
useful as a fat producer and at the
same time gives vital force to the
body.    It is beneficial in
because it makes fat and gives strength.
It is beneficial for
because they can assimilate it when
they cannot ordinary food.
It is beneficial fdr
because it heals the irritation of the
I throat and builds up the body and
I overcomes the difficulty.
I     «'CATJTIOST."-Bow>re of substitutes.
r Genuinn prepared by Scott .t Bowne,
fl Belleville.   Sulci by all druggists.
j| 6tlo. and $1.00.
Rubber Stamps
q uotn City Rubber Stamp Works, Toronto
rofufc-hr tsnftck
Darlinghurst Jail, Sydney. Archer was at
one time among the foremost of Australian
jockeys. He^ h«jd,been _fonj/ici_i of jthe
nimftler of a woman named Emma Harrison,
at a place called Woolloomooloc last March
under circumstances of terrible brutality.
The victim was first outraged and then
strangled to death. After a sensational
trial, lasting over five days. Archer was
convicted ot the crime, and sentenced to
death. He fervently asserted his innocence
to the last. In an interview with his wife
on the day before the execution, he said
the detectives had sworn his life away.
The execution was fixed for nine o'clock,
but it was ten minutes after that hour
when Archer, perfectly composed, emerged
from the condemned cell and walked to the
scaffold, hand in hand with Mr. Meagher,
his solicitor and friend. Arrived at the
scaffold he, being grantod permission to
to say a few words, addressed those preBent.
Ho declared that he died with a clear conscience, and added " For being in this
position I have to tender my worthy thanks
to Sergeant Sawtell and Detective Roche.
If they had spoken Ihe truth I would not
be where I now am." The white cap was
then adjusted, the rope made fast round
Archer's neck, and at a sign from the hangman, Howard, the lever waa pulled. Immediately a horrible sight presented itself.
It was seen that the noose had slipped upwards from the neck, and that the unhappy
man was being slowly strangled. He kicked and plunged wildly, giving utterance
the while to fearful cries. The spectators
and officials were too horror stricken to do
anything, and for ten minutes were the unwilling witnesses of a terrible struggle for
life. The legal term of twenty minutes had
elapsed when the body was cut down, and
even then the doctors wero not certain that
life was extinct. An examination showed
that neither the windpipe nor neck were
broken, death having been caused by gradual strangulation, The horrible scene Indelibly impressed itself on tho memories of
all present, and great indignation at the
liungliiu.' of thoso responsible iB felt
throughout tho colony.
An Improved Gatling Gun-
The British naval and military authorities are engaged in testing an improved
Gatling gun. The only perceptible difference in the weapon is that it is provided
with a new kind of foeder ; but thia exercises
a great effect upon its valae. The old
method wae to drop the cartridges into an
opening, whence they were carried to their
position, but, aa the result, the gun could
not be used when pointed upwards or downwards, except to a moderate degree. The
result of the new foeder, it is claimed, is
that the gun can be fired in any position at
the rate of 3120 times per minute, or should
a small electric motor be used, at the rate
of 5000 times a minute, while another asserted advantage is that the cartridges are
thus shielded from the effect of the rain.
The present testing of the gun by our
authorities is with a view to its extensive
In China before a letter is mailed or delivered to the carrier its contents are displayed, and the keeper of the letter shop
then signs his " chop," or sign, so that its
point of origin may be determined. Parcels may bo transmitted in the same manner,
the charge for carrying being a percentage
of their declared value. The Bhopkeeper
gives a recoipt for the letter or package,
and he thus becomes responsible for its safe
delivery or its return to tho sender with
seal unbroken.
ing Is from Mrs. J. W. Tlllbrol
Si of tlie Mayor of McKeesport, Penn.:
"My little boy 'Willie,
now six years old, two
years ago hud iv bunch
under one ear which the
doctor said was Scrofula. As it continued to
grow he finally lanced it
and it discharged for
some time. We then began giving hiin Hood's
Sarsaparilla and he improved very rapidly until the sore healed up.
Lust winter It broke out again, followed by
I!ryiiipr!mi. We again gave him Hood's Sarsaparilla with most excellent results and ho
has had no further trouble.  His cure is due to
Hood's Sarsaparilla
He has never been very robust, hut now seems
healthy and daily growing ■Irouger."
HOOD'S PlLL8   do  not   weaken,   but   aid
iigestion and tone tho stomach. Try them. 25c.
Willie Tillliroiilc.
IMPROVED central Toronto Properties to
exchange for farm lands.   Money to loan.
ISenlly, Klni'liMock. Ncuhllt .V   Clindwlck,
58 Wellington Street K., Toronto.
_l    money canvassing for
d older Scholars  can niako
Farmers' Friend
and Account Book." Send for circulars.   Wll-
I.ll.H KUIUI.S, Publisher Toronto.
|_ unprecedented facilities for acquiring a
thorough knowledge of Cutting in all its
brunches; also agents for tho McDowoll Draft-
ng Machine. Write for circulars,llii Yonge St.
llsli.convtuitly on hand,also prime American
Hog's Casings. Full lines Now Hams, Long
Clear Uncoil, Itolls, Cliocso, Lard, otc. PARK
Hl.AiKWKl.t.efc Co. Ltii.,Successors to Jambs
P.v UK H Son, Toronto.
Agents everywhere.
That people would havo been regularly using
our Toilet Soaps since 1815 I forty-so von long
yearsi if they had not been GOOD! Tho public
arc not fools and do not uonlinuo to buy goods
unless thoy aro satisfactory.
Lodge Seals, School Soars, Office and Rank
Stamps, Stamps of overy description.
IU King Street West, I orfinlo.
Write for Circulars.
The High Speed Family Knitter
Win knit 10 pain Bocks per
_ day.    Will do  nit  work any
plnln   circular kiilttlnf? umclilno
will do, from homespun or factory yarn.    The most practical
family knitter on (he market.  A
child    can   operate It.    Strontr,
Durable,    Simple,   Rapid.    Wc
guarantee every mnclilno to do
>g       ■____ ____*>    Rood work. Beware of tiiiltatlonn.
O-       JSe=W^    Agents wanted.     Write fur particulars.
Dundas Knitting Machine Co., Dundas, Ontario.
Best inthe World!*
Get the Genuine !j
Sold Everywhere!
Every Music Teacher in Canada should know where they
can get their Music cheapest.
Write us for Catalogues; also
sample copy of the Canadian
Musician, a live monthly journal with $1.00 worth of music
in each issue. 88 to $6 per day
madeh.y canvassers. See premium list. We carry everything
in the Music line.
To think that you must
wear   wide,   ill-looking
shoos to have comfort.
Our   shoes   are   both
easy and elegant
nice  to look at
whilo in wear.
The J. D.   KING CO.
'' We are six in fam-
A Farmer at  ily.   We live iu a
_ „ _ „ place where we are
Edom,Texas, £nbject   to violent
Says: Colds   and Lung
Troubles. I have
used German Syrup for six years
successfully for Sore Throat, Cough,
Cold, Hoarseness, Pains in the
Chest and Lungs, and spittiug-up
of Blood. I have tried many different kinds of cough Syrups in my
time, but let me say to anyone wanting such a medicine—German Syrup
is the best. That has been my ex*
perience. If you use it once, you
will go back to it whenever you
need it. It gives total relief aud is
a quick cure. My advice to everyone suffering with Lung Troubles is
—Try it. You will soon be convinced. In all the families where
your Germau Syrup
is used we have no
trouble with the
Lungs at all. It is
the medicine for this
country. ®
6. G. GREEN, .Sole Man'fr, Woodbury.NJ.
Isaac Pitman
Tho Complete System
thoroughly taught by
Mail for only 1 Dollar.
Thcchnnceof a lifetime. Every
boy and girl in Canada should
commence it at once.   The articles will soon commence.—
Success guaranteed.—Send In your Dollar immediately, to commence at tho beginning.
Host Method in tho World for Im-
• parting Shorthand.
Barker &Spence's Shorthand &
Business School, Toronto.
A well-known Berlin physician states :
"A healthy stomach
is cholera-proof." K.
D. C. will restore
your stomach to
healthy action and
fortify you against
NEW GLASGOW, .VS., t'A.N'.tlt.t,
Mention this paper.
Freo sample mailed to any address.
Chas Cluthe
Toronto, can.
Your machinery with etc., Etandard and
Machine Oil
We will give a substantial reward to anyone bringing us profit of other Oil being
sold as our peerless machine oil.
None genuine except from  packages
bearing full brand, and one name, and sold
only by reliable and regular dealers.
Sole manufacturers.
The Craze of the Season*
Quija "1rVe-Ja"
(Patented May 10th, 1892.)
Most wonderful Invention of the lllth Century.
Now York, Boston, Baltimore, Philadelphia nnd all tha cities of tho United states arc wll
ovor IU   A mysterious Parlor Clamo and Puz/.lo.
PBICE  $1.50  ZElA-CIEI.
Stationers and Fancy (ioods Dealers havo it.   Writo for our list of Wintor Evening Oamo
On tho receipt of prico wo will send any game postpaid.
ci.a,br: CO. LTU.,
Manufacturers of Games and Stationery
TOEONTO,       -      03STT.
Company In Minnesota,
ten. They will bo sent to you
for sale by the SilHT Faui,
.* Bui.rni Railroad
Seud for Maps and Clrcu*
Land Commissioner, Bt. Paul, Minn.
Feed your Stock chopped grain.
To do this economically buy a
Can be run with any 1 to 12 horsepower.
WATEROUS, Branfforfl Canada, J-
r-    Tillll    ->
Okanagan Mining Review
Published weekly in the interests of the Southern Interior of British Columbia, in which arc
situated the following mining camps: Fairview.
Iloiiiuliiry Creek, Rock Crook, Camp MoKlnnev,
Granite Creek and the Similkameen ana Kettle
River ranching districts.
Subscription Price, 12.00 per annum, payable
iu advance, cither ycarlj or half-yearly at the
option of the subscriber.
Advertising Hates sent on application.
Address all communications
The Okanagan Mining Review
Okanagan Falls, B. C.
While our columns are always open for the
discussion of any relevant subjects, wo do not
necessarily endorse the opinioiiHof contributors.
Anonymous letters will not be published.
On Foot. From Hope to Lower
End of Dos? Lake.
You can never learn directly from a
Ohinamarj whal pay he gete from his
claim, but there .i"e indirect ways "f
arriving nt an approximate estimate.
When you ask him straight how much
he is making a day ho shrugs hi.s
shoulders and says "Oh. not muchee
goiid, sometime fourbltee, sometime
one doliah half, that allee sameebelee
good." This it. what lut considers
wages sufficiently low to protect him
from any opposition from the white
man, and Iih says it in the tone expressive of long-suffering humility universally adopted by tii* gold-washing
class of celestials. If John did not
make this much at least lie would not
be there, and the stakes on the gaming
table furnish a pretty good criterion of
the distribul ion of wealth in their com
munity, When the claims are paying
well no estimate oan be formed from
any extra expenditure in the way of
equipment and operating plant, nor
can any evidence be adduced to show-
that the Chinaman wants a better
quality of food or better clothes, for it
is "cully and licee all day to-day, and
cully and licee all day to-morrow," and
the same blue frock and pants and gum
boots Sunday and Saturday. But the
rent in John's armour of sullen stolidity
becomes apparent when he gets en
tangled in the subtle fascinations of
poker and' it is then that his hard
earned scratchingsand hoardings come
to the surface of the board in the
chance of making "heap plenty" or
being "dead bloke." Of course, China
men, like "Christians," are not all
alike. There are many who are poker-
proof and gin-proof both, and can
never be caught off their guard. They
are financiers and skilful speculators
ilni ijlhi win !* tnriiiihi ftHjiWiyjl i m aajt
white man, .but they axe the exceptions.
The game that was in progress that
Sunday at the bridge was one that bore
evidence of considerable wealth among
the parties immediately interested,
There was plenty of "dust" on the
table, and it certainly was not supplied
to any great extent by the white or
Siwash participants in the gentle pastime. The gold up on that game came
out of the beds of the Similkameen or
Tulameen and was caught and held by
machinery and appliances of the most
rudimentary character. The rich pus
sibility of this locality—tlie focus of so
many gold-carrying streams—is only
now beginning to get its fair share of
attention. Even the tailings of the
gold and platinum from Granite Creek
if they have pit down this far would
be no mean stuff to work. The old bed
of the stream, which can be distinctly
recognized in the high benches on both
sides of the valley, is undoubtedly
higher game but would require for
their proper development the money
and energy of wealthy individuals or
well-organized companies. In my judgment .such a company as the on." now
at work need have nothing Ui fear with
Hope at the prow and Chance at the
As the wagon road from Nicola Lake
to Granite Creek is now almost completed, the means of getting in supplies
will be greatly focilited and the rust, of
freight reduced, By pack tralnfrom
Hope the cost of carrying Is Be. n pound
fqr ordinary merchandise bul (or such
things as furniture, which are bulky
aud awkward to carry, as much ,'is7o.
a pound is demanded. My advice to
the good people of this neighborhood —
and they can take it or have it alone as
they choose—is that they "get an everlasting mighty big hump on themselves" and be. prepared to feed, clothe
and accommodate with comfortable
lodging the great influx of I'ortune-
seckcu'. that the next spring and summer will bring t.i their doors, That
such an important jlistiict should lie
beholden to a few Chinese I'm' th;' only
store in the place and to the .Si washes
for oats, hay and garden produce is :i
state of things that, cannot long continue,and the wonder is that it has
been so long tolerated.
I had intended to make some purchases of bren i and tinned meat at the
store lint on asking for a loaf was told
he hadn't any. The supercilious celestial in charge was standing on the doorstep listening to the harangue of a
broad-chested, leather-lunged, old Si-
wash who was dancing and gesticulating before him as if his life depended
on the impression lie made, The Chinaman's face was resolute and fixed
although   his eyes  followed every 1110
t ion of the excited aboriginal. Tlie
bone of contention appeared to be this.
A sick Chinaman had to be got down
to Hope and the storekeeper had made
a contract with this Siwash to take him
down for $0. But the Siwash had
found out that a cowboy had been
offered $10 to do the same service and
had refused and now was kicking
himself for agreeing to do it so cheap.
The only provisions 1 noticed in the
store were tinned beef at six hits a can
and a quantity of dwarfed onions.
Without moving from his position or
taking his eye off the Indian he asked
if I wanted any of his corned beef.
Declining, and wishing him good day,
I resolved to take the chance of replenishing my stock farther on.
At Mr. Allison's, where the post
office is, I was kindly provided with
pen and iuk, but was rather chagrined
to find when 1 had sealed my letter
that the mail for the month had just
gone out. My anxiety was relieved;
however, by the appearance of the old
Siwash, who had come to see if Mrs.
Allison had Buy commissions he could
attend to lor her at Hope, He said he
would post my letter there, a promise
which he faithfully and expeditiously
performed, The now very gentle savage received his instructions in the
vernacular from Mrs. Allison, who,
although a lady of culture and refinement, is not above using the every-day
language of the Siwash. It is as necessary to know Chinook in this country,
she said, as to know how to ride a
cay use. People here hardly know what
it is to walk, and never think of performing even the shortest journey on
foot, so that when a stranger appears
among them without a horse he is considered a rara avis. On remarking to
the lady of the house that I had not
been able to proeuie provisions at the
store, and enquiring where I might be
able to seciire enough to carry me to
fftremeos, she told me that people
here just baked enough bread for one
meal as a rule, but thought she might
be able, to dig me up a loaf. Of course
she did not use that expression; what
she said was that she might be able to
find some bread for me although it
might be a little hard.
One unconsciously gets into the way
of using such expressions as "dig up
for find or get; "pack" for carry, and
the like, so much affected by the male
portion of this community where the
ii'livening influence of ladies' language
is so little felt. Mirable dictu, I had
not seen a woman for a week 1 It
seems to me that railway and townsite
companies when booming places in the
vast interior of British Columbia are
guilty of a grave oversight (among
much other guilt) in omitting from the
advertisements intended to attract the
attention of people iu the coast cities,
jjhq tort that there km luuidrndst nay
thousands; of respectable, industrious,
well-bred, young ranchers and miners
in this country ou whom a kind of
careless apathy and lack of interest in
their life and work is settling, which is
primarily induced by the almost total
absence of female society of the right
kind. The towns of tlie coast have
much more than their share of equally
well-bred, industrious and respectable
young women, ageing (whisper the
word) in maiden meditation unattached. Where those companies fail to
perform their proper functions is in
got providing trustworthy information
and rational means of transport between those two great elements of any
country's progress. Let them do their
part and bring together the two ends
of the rope : propinquity, human nature
and the parson will do the rest. Tlie
gold dust of the wild bench-land requires to have brought to it the quicksilver of civilized places before a proper
and profitable amalgamation is accomplished. No country can be stable and
progressive, but will always be shiftless and shifting, without a proper distribution of the sexes. In this respect
British Columbia stands in as much
need of remedial measures as in that of
the redistribution of seats in the House,
and in the event of the Kamloops con
veiition proving productive of good il
will he in order to set about ordering
a similar convention equally novel and
quite as necessary. Here is the chance
of a lifetime for the speculative philiin
throphist or M.P.P., who wants to
Stand Well with his constituents.
Wagon roads, narrow-gauge railways,
bridges nnd canals all have their hobbyists anil lobbyists, but the doughty
champion whom everlasting laurels
await, who will do battle for the cause
of the lonely bachelor of the Interior,
has not yet appeared in the lists _ f
political strife.
Untold Mineral Wealth.
Mr. J. H. Thain, of Thaine <te<Jo., of
this  city   this  morning   showed   tin
World   some specimens of~~gold  and
silver brought by him from the Graiiitt
Creek district from which he has just
returned.   The nuggets of gold were as
good evidence as is required  to convince the most skeptical that in th<
interior of this Province is hidden untold wealth awaiting the industry ol
the prospector.    At Granite Creek tht
company has staked off several hydrau
iic claims from which big returns an
expected on account of the favorahb
location and  the abundance of  watei
and dumpage.   He has also fine specimens of gold and platinum  from tin
newly found bed of the Similkameen
to which  many  miners are now flock
ing, the discovery of this old-time
stream having created quite an excitement. The territory believed to be
rich in mineral extends south and east
of Princeton, in which vicinity James
Orr, ex-M.P.P., of this city, at one
time extracted an ounce of gold per
day. Hydraulic bench and ground
sluicing will shortly he prosecuted and
is expected to yield excellent results,
fine specimens having been procured
which lead to such an expeetation.-The
WANTED-Advertiscrs to use tho columns
of the Mining Review to extend their
•■trade in the Southern Interior of 11. C. 1
WANTED — Subscribers   to   the   Mining
Rkvikw at *'2.0U per year, or $1 for six
months, in advance. 1
If      MAKE YOURSELF A     ♦     ♦
X       ♦     MINE  FOREMAN,
Otrperlstoidat, Hbiiig EsgutMr (Coil or Sbttl), or Ciecen-
ful Froipoctjr by devoHse you idle bout to BOUE STTO7,
ler ths mitciuii or
To begin, Student, Deed only iieieew how to reen-l soil write
Dining Hall
J. J. FORD, Proprietor
Kirst Class Table
Single Meals tor..
Hoard iier Week 18.00
Main Street, . . Okanag'an Falls
Advertisements under the heads of Lost, Found,
For Sale or To Let and Situations Wanted
will be inserted at the rate of one cent a
word each insertion. Payment always in
advance. No advertisement received for
lees than twenty-five cents.
Main Stiiket
Olzauag-EUl.    •___-__..* 1 m_.u     __, o.
Fine Fishing and Shooting.
Comfortable Rooms.
Good Table.
L. holman    Manages
Manufacturer of
Of Every Description
Okanagan Falls, 6. C.;
«* \1A \1f *T» ck'* «_f *V *»♦ *V
Nothing in business pays better;
but there is very little of it, and it
pays all the better on that account.
What wo mean by good printing is
such as befits your business; neither
above nor bolow it; not menu in any
way, nor extravagant; bnt businesslike; proper; corret.
It costs no more than inferior work,
and you arc benefited by the favorable
impression which tho use of neat and
cleanly printed office stationery makes
on those with whom you deal.
The littlo extra attention required
on our part to turn out ftgood class of
work is compensated foi by gaining
and retaining your custom.
New City possessed of a Wonderful
Combination of Advantages.
It is the natural Distributing Point for the whole
of the Lower Okanagan Valley and
famous Kettle River country.
'- ■■''■■'■■;
The Okanagan
Mining Review
Okanagan Falls
British Columbia
Review . ,
B.   €?.
Corner Alexander BtTOSt and
Westminster Ave.
CeiK-ral  Founders, Engineers, Boiler Mukon
and Manufacturers of All Classes
of Machinery.
Saw Mill and Mnrine Work a Specially.
All Work Guaranteed,
Coop in Stock a Ful! Supply of Engineers'and
Mill Supplies, Pipe and Fittings, Brass
tloods, Steam Fittings, Etc.
Ustimnlcs fur lloilors and Engines on Application.
Sole .Manufacturers of the Kendall Hand Mill
I.C. Shingle Machines. Steam Log Hnulinp
Vtacbineii, Marlon Steain Shovels, Improved
Winding Hoist, River and Harbor Dredges.
Iving Ditching Machines, Wrecking Machines
llallasl I'liloadcrs, otc.
Agents for  Ottuina   Mining  Hoist, Electrlt
Ruck Drill, and Reeve's Wood Split Pulleys.
Mail Orders Receive Prompt Attention,
J. B. W. Macfart.ane, Manager
J. W. Campion, Soc.-Treas,
Speed,  Safety,  Economy of
Time and Money!
Daily Through Express Trains
Coast 3E*o±xx-te
INCE the announcement was made that a new City bearing the name of Okanagan Falls, had started into life
there have been numerous enquiries bearing' on the subject. It has for some time been a sine qua non that a
city of importance must spring up somewhere in the Okanagan
country, which for several years past has been attracting the
attention of capitalists, not only on this continent but in Great
Britain as well. I ts combination of resources so richly .aggregated, comprising mining, grazing, fruit-growing, etc., must of
necessity evolve a city in its midst, which will be one of the
centres of the Province. This is just as certain as the fact that
at the terminus of the C.P.R. on  the Pacific coast there was
To Toronto, Montreal, Hamilton,
Ottawa,   Halifax,    Portland,
New york, Boston, Chicago
and St.  Paul.
Passengers Booked To and From All
European Points.
For liuui-labli.'s, rates, and full Information
apply In
District Puss. Agent, Vancouver.
In Connection       _f*
with *-* -
Shortest Route to Spokane Falls,
Seattle, or any point
East or West
Stage leiivos Loomiston at 12 noon Tuesdays,
Thursdays and Saturdays.
Hbigenrrivcsat Loomiston at 10a.in. Mondays,
Wednesdays and Fridays.
Stage leaves Oro at 7 a.m. Mondays, Wednesdays and Fridays, arriving at Penticton at 0 p.m.
Stage loaves Penticton at 7 a.m. Tuesdays,
Thursdays and Saturdays, arriving at Oro at
ii p.m.
Makes connections at Penticton with C. P. R.
streamer Aberdeen and trains to all points.
For further particulars apply to
„   ,.      ,   „ Manager, Oro, Wn,
Or G-BO. Met,. HitdWN,
Dlst. Pass. Agont, C.P.K., Vancouver,
location is to be decided by the conditions* most-favorable to
urban growth. These conditions, as will be shown in answer
to some of the numerous received, are all comprised in the
situation of Okanagan Falls.
One question asked is, " Where and what is Okanagan
Falls?" In reply, it is the nucleus of a city, the prospects of
which are not surpassed by any other on the Pacific coast;
situated at the foot of Dog lake, in the famous Okanagan valley, B.C. Had the conditions for a prosperous and populous
city been especially stipulated and ordered as the work of nature,
they could not have combined more favorably to produce success. The first and most natural question to arise in the mind
of any common-sense man is, " What is there to make a city
at Okanagan Falls?" Unless such a question is fully and fairly
answered, any person endeavoring to place in the market town-
site property, backed up with glittering promises of a rich
retnrn, may fairly be regarded with suspicion and distrust.
Readers are requested to carefully consider the reasons here
advanced in support of the strong faith the promoters have in
the future of Okanagan Falls.
In the first place, Okanagan Falls is likely to be the
terminus, of the Canadian Pacific & Okanagan Steamboat line; it is in the line of the only possible pass which
can be utilized by the C.P.R. south of the present line, or, in
other words, via the Crow's Nest Pass route to the Pacific
Coast; it is the proposed terminus of the Spokane & Northern
Railway, and of the Okanagan & Osooyos Railway, to connect
with the Great Northern at the boundary. It will be preeminently a railway and mining centre.
It is the natural outlet for the greatest gold mining region
on the continent, a country which also possesses immensely
rich deposits of silver, lead, coal, platinum, iron, etc. For
proof of this, see Dr. Dawson's reports and the annual reports
of the Minister of Mines.
In the next place, it is being built by the side oi a in. g-
nificent waterfall, capable of generating a horse-power of between 50,000 and 100,000 at a very low cost, sufficient to
operate all the mining machinery, reduction work.1:, tramways,
sawmills and other industries in it or in the country surround
ing it. Being easy of access and having unexcelled transportation facilities in prospect, Okanagan Falls will naturally attracl
all the industries referred to which the country will demand,
The country also abounds in Coal and Wood,
General Agents
605 Hastings Street, Vancouver, 6.G.


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