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Okanagan Mining Review 1893-09-16

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Vol. I, No. 4.
Bank of British Columbia
Capital paid up
Reserve Fund
Head Office : 60
Incorporated by Royal Charter, 1802.
 £600,000      $3,000,000
 £260,000      $1,300,000
Lombard Street, LONDON, ENGLAND
In Bnrnsn Columbia In the United States
Victoria, Vancouver, New Westminster San Francisco, Portland,
Nanalmo, Kamloops,  Nelson (Kootenay Lake.) Seattle and Tacoma.
Agents and Coiuiesi'Ondents in Canada and toe United States :
Bank of Montreal, Canadian Dank (if Commerce, Imperial Hank of Canada; Hank of
Montreal, New York and Chicago.
Telegraphic Transfers and Remittances to and from all points oan bo made through this
Bank at curront vales.   CollootiouB carefully attended to and every description of banking business transacted.      Hold Dust, purchased.
1' L—   ..
$2.00 pep Year.
W. T. Thompson
Dealer In.
Dry Goods
-General Merchandise
Everything Required in a Mining Camp
PAiUVIE-W,     J3.   O.
Green, Worlock & Co.,
Successors to GAHESCHE, GBEEN & CO.,
Street Victoria,
[Established 1813.]
Deposits received in Oold, Silver and U.S. curroncy.   Interest paid on tho same on
Boots and Shoes
Close Prices For Cosh
Main Street
Okanagan Falls
Bird's-Eye Glance
Itcportcd for The Mining Review.
Proceeding southward from Penticton, the first of tho milling camps,
which aro yet destined to render famous
as a mineral producing country the
Okanagan and tributary valleys, is that
Camp  Fairview, which is reached
  and U.S. curroncy.
Uold dust and U.S. currency purchased at highest market rates.
tat drafts and telegraphic transfers issued, payable at over 10,(100 cities in Canada, the
Stetos, Knrope, Mexico and China.
Exchange on I*»nd<
■ -ol ©«erHH*»a.4 iK. U.- ,/.
m, available in nil part* «>l Kuropo, JEng'anrt, Ireland and Scotland. Letters   "
ij-.'lfr.i;>.M elfcLM-of lii'j U.illud ..'laUm.t '.ru.l'Ui l;im ICufupCT* — ' '      ' ~~L
for   "WT'
7»iftod i.-Uilcrt,'
'•Una,  *•:
cwfgro   £n   Co.
■. . .-,■   .
Sk.lBL'JC, :-
Wholesale and Retail Dealer in, and Importer and Manufacturer of
The largest establishment ol' its kind on the mainland of British Columbia.
The leading CARPET  HOUSE in the City.   A full lino of Carpets, Square Ungs. Mats, etc.
Also Linoleum and Floor Cloths, as well as Hoaso Furnishings of every description.
Unuijutaicino in all its iihanciiks.     Stock complete.
(P.O. box 2.)
21 & 23 Cordova Street, VANCOUVER, B.C.
Hamilton  Powder  Co'y
Ok Montreal.
Manufacturers of Dynamite, Blasting and Sporting Powdor.
Wholesale Dealers in Safety Fuse, Detonators and Electric Blasting Apparatus.
Office : Victohia, B. C
Wohks: Nanaimo, B. 0.
.     BOOTT
General Agent for British Columbia.
Should write for
acc< mi modation
Hotel. .
Fine Fishing juid
Shooting in the
(Established 1862)
Crockeiy, Glassware Wall Paper, LampH, Cutlery, Agate Ware and
Complete House Furnishings.
« Largest Stock In British Columbia. Wrlto for Prices of anything required.
-    -    ITictox'ia,,   IS. C*.
SI   -to    BS
"o»-t   Sti»oot,
MnnufuclurcTH of
.   .   Mining and Milling Machinery
Hoisting and Pumping Knglncs Rolls and Concentrating Machinory
Copper and Lead Furnaces
Only Steel and Iron Ship Builders on the Puddle ('oast.
Marine Engines, Boilers and All Classes of Marine Work. «
First and Mission Streets
New York Oillce: 143 Broadway.
Cable Address, "Union."
Victoria,   B.C.,
laming. Implements. and. Hardware
Manufacturers of  Hydraulic 1
All Kinds of
, Giants,
in the City Dailies and the
Magazines for city orders,
but you will not get the.
country trade through these
ts~ It requires the Local
Weeklies to reach the pocket-
hooks of those people who
live, and live well, too, in
the agricultural and mining
districts of tho Province.
is the host medium for reaching the people of the Southern Interior of British Columbia.
Analytical Chemist
And Assayer
(Terms Cusli in Advance!
Silver, Gold or Load, each	
Silver, Gold und Lead combined]
Silver and Lead combined	
Silver. Gold and Copper.
Silver and C<
Silver aud G
.»i n
,. :i on
. i m
. :i so
.. 2 III)
Assayer to the British Columbia Government
of nil Specimens sent from tho
Province to
after a somewhat, toilsome journey by
stage coach. Toilsome, we may say,
on the principle that all staging is more
or less tiresome, hut that Newman's
Express may he any more so than the
average coach will depend entirely on
the position of the mercury, the depth
of the dust mill the direction in which
the wind may he blowing. A thoroughly sociable fellow is driver Newman.
His stage coach is of the old famous
overland type, which in old ante-U. P.
days traversed the western plains, and
in Mr. Newman is a worthy successor
of Yuba Bill, as he deftly handles his
four-in-hand, flourishing the lash of his.
long-handled whip over the backs of
the leaders and chirping a
cheery "get-ep" to the team on the
pole. A long twenty-eight miles is
that which lies between Penticton and
mouth of Heed Creek, but one by one
such landmarks are passed as White
Lake, Spring Station and Myers' Flat
and the first thing we know
a quick turn is made around a projecting spur and Fairview bursts on the
Years ago when the first discoverers
of the camp, Messrs. Reed and Ryan,
came upon the scene, a beautiful limpid
stream frolicked down the gulch, casting a cooling freshness upon all-around,
but saying nothing of tho hidden riches
which is passed ou its way from its
springy source high up the mountain
side. Reed Creek they called it and
Reed Creek it remains though to-day its
milky appearance, as it bears down the
whitish, semi-drab colored slag from
the quartzinjll totheflatsbelow, shows
"^"^'tfif! fe'oMeJf 1&cTcT'WliiAi iliTnoo
laughingly concealed is now being
wrung from it every day; but higher
up the gulch the sparkling spring
which trickles by the "Miners' Home"
boarding house, kept by Epli. Morris,
will help to show the extent of its old-
time purity. *
While Reed and Ryan were earliest
upon the scene, they can scarcely be
said to have the honor of discovery.
Quartz out-crop they Undoubtedly saw,
and mineral claims they had, but they
turned their backs upon the locality
leaving nothing to show their connection with it except the name Reed
Creek. To another set of discoverers
must really belong the honor of its
discovery as a camp. These were
Messrs. Geo. Sheean and Fred Gwat-
kin, who, in the.fall of 1887, put up
their stakes on the Stem winder which
is known in camp as the discovery
claim, and is situated upon the main
ledges running up the mountain in a
north-westerly and south-easterly direction, on which were afterwards staked
out a number of valuable claims.
From these it was that the Stratheyre
Co. made their choice last season when
they first became interested in the
camp. The location of their properties
and that of the other claims on this
and other ledges we will give further
At the mouth of the gulch is the
Golden Gate Hotel owned and kept by
Mr. F. R. Kline, though the dining
room of the institution is kept by Mr.
and Mrs. Smith. Proceeding further
up the cabins of miners and prospectors
are found at intervals along tho
way. On the left hand side!
is the boarding house of Miv
E. Morris which he calls the;
"Miners' Home," and the surroundings
aro all neat and tidy. On the right,
and further up stands tho old boarding
house of Burke & Honsingor, which is
now vacant. Ahead is heard the
rumble of the heavy machinery in the
stamp mill, situated at a sharp turn in
the road which here leaves tho course
of Roed Creek and after winding around
a hill leads up a valley with mines on
either side. The residence of the company's representatives and managers,
Messrs. Atwood and Reynolds, stands
on an eminence over-looking the quartz
mill. Near hero too is tho residence of
of Dr. Boyce the popular physician of
the camp, and adjoining it the apartments of Messrs. Forbes and Hind.
Following the main road through tho
camp,the liextrcnoheiHstholargosloie
of Mr. W, T. Thompson, in which is a
very large and varied stock of goods
suited to flu' mining trade, for Mr.
Thompson has been about mining
camps since boyhood, and understands
thoroughly the business of outfitting
prospectors. Passing several cabins a
few  hundred   yards  further up is the
stoi'e of AV. T. Shatford, which was
opened out during the past summer,
and is steadily working up a trade.
Passing numerous shafts and tunnel
/mouths of various mines, among a
cluster of cabins is the saloon of Mr. J.
Moffatt, which is a resort of a great
many miners and prospectors, who
congregate nightly to discuss the situation, and partake of Mr. Moffatt's good
cheer. At the head of the gulch is the
store of Mr. Thos. Elliott, the pioneer
merchant of the camp, who still continues to study the vants of the miner
and provide him with food and clothing.
 K  I
Mr. R. G. Sidley, of Anarchist
Mountain, is supplying dealers in Fair-
view with a large quantity of hay and
oats. The hay is pressed on his own
ranch and he is delivering it in Fair-
view with a four horse team.
Thursday was a notable day at Mr.
Krugor's town on tho Narrows of
Osoyoos Lake. A remarkable outbreak of litigation marked the occas-
sion, there being two cases coming up
for hearing at one sitting of the Bench
of Magistrates. The bench was composed of Mr. 0. A. R. Lanibly, Government Agent at Osoyoos and Mr. Atwood, of Fairview.
The first case heard was that of
Hicks, of Fairview, on an information
laid by Lucy, an Indian woman, accusing him of assault, committed on
the first of July last at Fairview. The
charge was brought in a much milder
form than that which might have been
brought, according to the version of
tile affair given by the klootehm.in,
though Hicks' statement to the constable on arrest, and afterwards repeated to the bench on Constable Bullock-
Webster's request, made out that the
assault merely consisted in his horse
running away and running into that
ridden by the klootchmnn, whom he
caught hold of when the horses collided
to save her from being thrown off.
This piece of gallantry on his part was
very commendable, but unfortunately
for him the additional information
obtained fvoin the lOootehljWn's
■K-iO.fcr-T^, ;'!.«. f^'d^feAa^IitCI?' iT-vi-'.'
'matter, and showed that if his anxiety
had been to save her from a tumble
when the horses struck together, it was
not necessary for him to get his arms
around her neck, nor to got hold of her
foot, nor to show her a flask of whiskey,
nor to clawahandkerchief off her head,
which he has since failed to return.
This wtis a form of gallantry which the
Bench could not understand, as it was
so entirely different from what they
themselves would have done iu like
circumstances, and they assessed the
damages to Her Majesty's peace at the
modest sum of $10 and costs, or iu default of payment, 14 days' hard labor.
Tho prisoner paid the fine.
The other case was brought by the
same Indian woman against her spouse,
Mr. Frank Richter, for thrashing her
with an axe handle. Her evidence was
substantiated by that of her son, Joe
Richter, who came upon the scene of
action and stopped the fray by taking
the axe handle from his father and
throwing it away. The defendant, in
cross-examination of the plaintiff, gave
the Bench to understand that his
klootchinan was jealous of his white
cook, and made an onslaught upon him,
tearing his suspenders and otherwise
disarranging his toilet, He then attempted to administer a little
chastisement which ho described in
detail, but which to save our blushes,
we will nierelydescribeas "a spanking,"
This method of family correction proving too juvenile for an adult a more
able-bodied rod of correction was used,
and with it damage was indicted which
the Bench placed at tho mild estimate
of $50 and costs.
Mrs McCuddy has recovered from her
recent illness.
Alex.   Matheson and   Bob Graham
left for Vernon yesterday.
Mr. J. J. Ford rounded up his stock
this week and put his brand J J on them
Rev. Mr. Green, the esteemed Church
of England pastor, at Penticton, went
to Fairview and Osoyoos on Saturday
last and held services there on Sunday.
Mr. Verral, of Victoria, Superinten-
dant of Indian affairs, and Mr. Mackay
Indian Agent at Kamloops, paid the
fnkanieep Reservation a visit last week.
All the Indians of the Reservation M-
gambled at Cheeky Johnny's to redeye
the tyees who had come to visit them.
The following are the scores made at
the first weekly practice of the Dog
Town Gun club:
Mike Glemion 01010-00010-11111-11001-IOlOl-M
Jtm Ford 11101-01100-00111-00011-flOOOO-U
Alex. Furd llIOl-OOOiO-lOOlO-lOOOO-01010-10
H. do Batigy 00010-10100-11001-01000-11000- 9
T. Iloman 01000-10011-lOOll-OOlOO-MOO]— 9
L. Holman 00100-OOHO-01011-0100(W»110- 9
W. Spaugh 00000-00000-OOIOO-00000-00000— I
Billy the logger, says he was the only
one who made a bull's eye and that 13
is apparently his lucky number.
The following is the list of consignees per itr.
Aberdeen :—
J. It. Brown, T. Ellis, Mork Howard, W. A.
Mace, S. R. Almond, J. Thurber, Rev. Father
Marchail, Penticton
J. Manning, W. J. Snodgrass, Okanagan
W. T. Thompson, W. F. Shatford, J. R.
Kline, Fairview.
T. Daley, Kcrcmos.
Mr. and Mrs. Brown have taken up
their abode  in their new cottage on
Ellis Avenue.
Excursion tickets, Vaacouve:
Subscribe for The Review.
Mr. Reynolds, of tho Stratheyre Mining Co., returned from Montreal on
Tuesday, bringing with him a very
handsome Irish setter.   JLD >v
Mr. and Mrs. Tholl have lost three
more of their children from diptheria.
This makes four deaths inside of two
weeks, and all were under 11 years of
ago. Much sympathy is felt and expressed for them in their bereavement.
Messrs. W. F. Arnold and C. B.
Ja'iies, of Seattle, are inspecting the
many claims in this vicinity. These
gentlemen have visited the Slocan,
Lardeau, Big Bond and the Kootenay
mining district generally lately and
pronounce (he Okanagan district far
above their expectations, ami superior
fn anything in tho former places. Mr.
Arnold is a thorough mining expert
having spent most of his life among
the Mexico, Colorado and Nevada
mines; one named after himself selling
for $50,0(X) but a few years ago.
help to navigation.
The work of grading Van Home St.,
the main business street of the town,
was commenced in earnest by Riley &
Hyatt on Saturday last, and is proceeding as fast as circumstances will permit.
Mr. Marpole, Superintendent of the
B. C. Division, C. P. R., was here laat
week, and it has been decided to erect
a large aud commodious warehouse between the two docks. Work will be
commenced on it Immediately.
Another old landmark is gone. The
large pine tree which blocked the approach to the dock has fallen a victim
to the axe of the wood chopper. Thto
will enable the street graders to complete the approach to the dock, an improvement which is very necessary.
Mr. Thurber, the proprietor of Hotel
Penticton, has gone to Montreal to
visit his parents, before settling down
to the winter's work. He expects to
bring his sister back with him to be
the housekeeper in the new hotel. It
is rumored that he may also bring back
a life partner.
Hotel Penticton will soon be ready
for the furniture, and Mr. Mace has
instructions to telegraph for it as soon
as he is ready to place it. No doubt
it will be ready for the accommodation of the public before the 1st of
October, but the formal opening will
not take place until that date.
Mr. Ellis has purchased from Donald
& Riley, of Kelowna, a very neat
covered plueton built by the Brockville
Carriage Works. He has also purchased a very handsome double scull
pleasure boat built at Ganonoque, Out.
Appropo to pleasure boats; There will
bo an opening here for an enterprising
boat man when thenewhotel is in operation. Summer visitors will require the
use of boats, and any person who
will build a boat house on the beach
and equip it with good liottts will be
able to make good interest on his outlay.
On Monday the Aberdeen brought
down a very distinguished hunting;
party, consisting of Prince Ferdinand^
of Austria, and suite of six Austrian
gentlemen and six servants. Accompanied by a train of ten pack horses
and fourteen saddle horses they proceeded to the mountains on Tuesday
morning, where it is to be hoped they
will have good sport, although they are
too early for the best hunting. Their
outfit and pack train was provided by
Mr. T. Ellis. The Aberdeen will make
a special trip on Sunday to take the
Prince and suite book, ns they proceed
to the Kootenay district by Columbia,'
river on Monday.
( ^4t^ji_
A^-Cr*.    £a*^ i
Mollies Problems-
There'" }*ti of things I cannot understand.
It re-».?»y makes no matter how I try.
One's why the brown comes on my little hand
Because the sun U hot up in the sky.
I nov _-r understood why birds cat wornn
Instead of pic and puddings full of plums.
Isan'i !Da why a baby always squirms,
Or i£? big boys s'-o '/raid of little sums.
I cannot undersea a why fioules bark
instead of talking sense like* on and me:
And why tho sun don't shine when it is dark,
Instead of when it's light, I cannot see.
I wonder what it is makes children grow.
And -i-hy they have no wings like little flies;
But pusglingeat of all tho things I know
Is why Grandma wears windows on her eyes.
—[Harper's Yo»vg People.
An Experience With Tramps-
Perry Dakin had been eagerly scanning
the " Help Wanted " columns of tha daily
papen for several days. He needed some-
' tiling to do. His father had died after a
brief illness, leaving no property, and a
widow and two little girls, besides Perry.
The boy must care for them. He was
seventeen years old, strong and active.
Terry faced the situation manfully. He
had intended to go to college, but he gave
up his high hopes without bemoaning.    He
Erocured some good letters from men who
new him  well,   vouching for  the  sturdy
character that he bad proved.
He 7;as toady to do any honest work
that a boy of bis years and experience
could do to earn even a small salary. Ono
day he read this notice in a paper published
in the city where ho liyed :
WANTED.—A young man of from eighteen
to twenty years of age lor a responsible
position a few miles from the city. No previous experience required. .Must come well recommended as tochnrnctcr, and be ready to go
to work at ones. Call between nine and cloven
this morning at 2'J9H Street. Room 11.
Perry was at 2G!) B street, armed with
his letters, and standing at the door of
room 14 at eight o'clock, where, by nine,
twenty-five boys and man had formed in
At nine o'clock the door. wa3 opened by
an elderly man, who gave an exclamation
of surprise when he sew how many were
waiting.   Then he said :
" Well, 'first come, first served.' Sorry
I can't employ all of you, but I need only
one.    511 talk with you."
He nodded toward a tall young man at
the head of the line, who stepped briskly
into the room, and the door was closed.
The young man came out five minutes
later looking a little crestfallen. Then the
gentleman came to the door and said,
The next young man came out, too, and
then it was Perry's turn.
He was asked regarding his age and
family, and his recommendations were examined.
- "Those are all good," said the gentleman. " Now do you know where lake
Windom is?"
" Yes. sir."
" If I engaged you, I would want you to
go out there and stay until October."
" Very well, sir.
" Have you ever been out there ?"
" Yes, sir, I went out there to a picnic
one day last summer."
" There are picnic parties at the lake
nearly every day from the middle of May
to about the 10th of October. The owners
of the lake and grounds want some one to
go out there and cake charge of  the   boats
.^mzmtm^M.&vito picnic
i done,
i of it  at
' Wouldn't there be anyone else there at
night but re.yself ?'
' " No; you would be entirely alone. There
is a cafe there and a peanut stand or two,
and a man who takes tintypes. But thc3e
people go to their homes in Crofton.a town
about a mile from the lake, at night. We
should v,'ant you to stay at the grove for
several reasons. I think you'd be safcenough,
but it would be lonesome." '
"yesi I suppose so," replied Perry.
Visions of long.lonely nights passed through
his micd ; but his need of money was
"I'll be glad to go if the pay suits me,"
he said.
"Well, I will give you ten dollars a week
and your board at the cafe and a ticket on
the railroad, bo that you can come to the
city every Saturday night and stay till
Monday morning."
It was more than Perry expected. He
had not hoped to receive more than seven or
eight dolhrs a w cek for anything an inexperienced boy like himself could do.
"Thank you, sir," he said. "I will report
tor duty to-morrow morning."
"All right. There is to be a big picnic
out at the lako to-morrow, and the young
man who had charge of the boats and swings
last year will go out with you and instruct
you in your duties. I would like you to go
out on tho seven o'clock train. Call here at
about three this afternoon and get your
road ticket for six months."
Lake Windom, twenty miles from the
city, was a clear, deep body of water about
threefourths of a mile long and half a mile
wide. The grass grew to the very edge of
the water all around, and at ono side was a
large and pretty grove fitted up for picnic
parties that paid for the use of the grounds.
Thero were thirty-five or forty small
boats for hiring out al fifty cents an hour to
picnickciB. It vyas Perry's duty to tako
lull charge of these boats aud to collect the
money lor their use.
There were some swings with box seats
for lour persons near tho boats. Ten cents
nn hour was charged for the swings. Then
there wus a bowling alloy in charge of a
young man named Hule, who lived in Crof
ton. Ho went to his home every evening,
after turning over the receipts of tho howl-
ingalioy to Perry.
The total nam thus placed in Perry's
charge sowetimes amounted to seventy-live
Perry's SI'gallon was a pleasant one in
anytime, wnen the grounds were often filled
with merry piene'e parties but tho silence
and lon.ilinesa that followed their departure
were depressing. The lake was secluded,
and as night came few sounds were heard
except the dismal hooting of owls in the dim
woods or tho mournful song cf tile whip-
As thi shadows of tho trees lengthened
on the lake and ihe water darkened in the
twilight, Parry would sometimes take
boa!, and row for an hour or two, af'er
walking around through the deserted woods
to nick up things lost by the picnickers.
-   v;r of  the  cafe alwnjs set  out
[it, and then left far Crofton.
ig hia lonely meal, lime wo"1'1
:;,i;lrrm!ll"i:.e o'clocki
.or ihe night.    He
a little room at ons er.d r.f the
i I'liug—in ;n pciiiiicl and unp'atter-
Pcrry's nights came to an end, but he would
have preferred solitude to the company that
then resorted to the grounds. Nearly every
night the place was visited by trampi, whose
thouts and quarrels and brawls increased
she disagreeableness of Perry's situation.
The tramps would wander around the
grove, picking up and eating the food
thrown away by picnic parties,before going
to sleep in the dancing pavilion or on the
long severed piazza in front of the cafe.
Here little that could be stolen or eaten
was kept over night by the proprietor, who
took his stock in trade to Crofton every
evening and returned in the morning before
the arrival of picnic trains.
The tramps never came around in the
daytime, and Perry tried to believe that
they were ignorant of the fact that he had
money in his possession. Usually they paid
little attention to him.
Perry's instructions were that he should
send to the city evary Thursday morning
his receipts for the three previous days,
and bring with him on Saturday night the
money taken during the three closing days
of each week. On Wednesday night of the
fifth week of his stay his takings from
three large picnics on successive days
amounted to nearly a hundred dollars.
The money made a package of considerable
size. Almost half was in silver, and the
rest in bills. Perry had it all tied up in a
Tho third picnic party left the grove at
five in the afternoon and Perry was alone
on the grounds, sitting in one of the boats
counting the money. He had made the silver into piles of five dollars each, and the
bills he was running over in his hands.
Suddenly he was startled by a shout.
Perry looked up. Two tramps, whom he
had never seen about the place before, had
come from behind a small building on the
shore, and were looking at him with interest.
"Good evening," replied Perry, gathering up the money and putting it back into
the handkerchief.
" Kind o'struck it rich, aint you, young
feller '!" said ono of the men.
" No," replied Perry. " I haven't. It
isn't my money."
"Oh, it hain't! Whose might it be,
" It belongs to the company that owns
the grounds."
While he was speaking he picked up the
oars atid sent the boat out from the shore.
"Where are you going?" called one of
the men.
"Nowhere in particular," said Perry,
still rowing.
" Well, wait a minute, we want to talk
to you."
" I haven't got time," called out Perry,
rowing faster than ever.
The two men exchanged a few words,
which the boy could not hear. Then they
jumped into another boat and rowed after
Perry, who now threw off his coat and
rowed as hard and as fast as he could.
He had learned to row very well at the
lake, and was well out on the water before
the tramps started. But they were two to
one and he soon realized that they were
gaining on him.
They shouted to him to stop, declaring
they meant him no harm ; but he paid no
heed, and rowed on steadily. They were
gaining, and Perry feared that the two
boats would reach the opposite shore at the
same time. But one of the tramps broke
an oar.   The men became angry and called
out- j      in
" We're after that  money,    and we 11
have it, boy ! It'll be worse for you if you
don't stop I" ,     ,        .....
Perry's boW grated on the pebb'e bank
boat twenSy «*»t «i sAraaoafi+U M"
_n', Tliejoy jumped imt and ran swiftly
through a narrow atrip of timber to a wagon road, on the opposite side of which was
field in which a tall, thin, elderly farmer
waB cutting graBS with a scyth. I erry
slipped between the raila of the fence and
ran toward the farmer.
" Help me to defend myself 1   he shouted to the astonished man. "There are two.
tramps after me.   They're after money that
isn't mine.    Here they are!"
The tramps came running across the
road, jumped over the leuce and advanced
" Hand over that money of ours, you
voung thief, you !" said one, and shook his
fist at Perry, who was standing close to tho
farmer's aide.
" Your money?" said Pcrry.indignantly.
" It isn't your money, and you can't
touch it!" ,
" We can't, hey?   See if we don t!
He advanced a few steps.
" Hold on, my friend," said the farmer.
"Jest stop right where you air until we
talk thiB matter over. Now, boy, you go
on and give us your aide of the case.
" It belongs to the owners of the lake
grounds. 1 have charge of the boats over
there, and these fellows have been trying
to take it from me."
" Well, if that ain't a good one ?" sneered
one of the tramps. " But it won't do, boy.
The monoy'a ours, and we don't feel called
on to aay any more 'bout it, 'cept that we re
goin' to have it. Stand aside, there, old
" I reckon not!" said the farmer. 1 ve
heerd both sides o' the case, an' if you'll
'souse me fer speakin' ao plain, I don t
b'lieve a word you two rascals have aaid—
a purty pair you air. This is acloan,
straight-for'd-lookin' boy, an' you ain't nary
the one nor the other—no you don't—no
you don't! Not a step uigher !"
He held up the Bcythc threateningly.
"I wouldn't want abetter weepin than
this old coythc to defend myself agin a dozen sich fellers as you be. You jest come
within swing o' my scytho if you think it'll
be healthy fer you. Law ! I'd cut ye down
fer the two wuthless weeds o' the airth that
ye be 1 Hero, boy ; jest slip your hand down
into the pocket of my overalls and you'll
find a knife there with a blade six inches
long. You take the knife, an' I'll hang to
the scytho an' I reckon wo kin hold the fort
for quite a spell."
They did not have to hold it lope, for the
two tramps soon took their departure. But
they were not allowed the privilege of departing in peace.
An hour later the farmer drove over to
Crofton with Perry, and notified the authorities. The deputy sheriff there had
been looking for two such men, who were
wanted for burglary.
A posse was organized, and before nine
o'clock tho two men were in the Crofton jail.
They were tried, convicted, and sent to the
Perry remained at the lake the rest of
that summer, but sent the boat money to
the city ever day, and was never molested
anaiu. —[J- J- Harbour.
'ihe t
After <
drag i,lt
. When h
'. PIF P".   ill
A Prominent  Minister  Relates   Hia .Remarkable Experience With the Grippe- '
Uow be Was   AU'ecii'il And  How he Will
Cued.   An   Article   Tbat  Every   ont"
Shoulil Kracl ami Remember. . _«
(From the Philadelphia Item.)
Rev. Thomas L. Lewis, who resides at
2549 Neff street, and is pastor of the Rich
mond Baptist church, relates a very interesting account of hia experience with Li
Grippe and how he secured relief by taking
Lir. Williams' Pink Pills for Pale People
Mr. Lewis is thirty-nine years old and i*
recognized as one of the most popular
preachers of Philadelphia. V
He is an alumnus of Bucknell College a{
Lewisburg, Pa., where he attained the di/*
gree of Master of Arts. With his other
work he edits and publishes The Richmond
Baptiat, a monthly journal devoted to thf
interests of the church. He looks upon tly
practical side of life, both preaching acd
publishing, the importance of good healtlfl
and when asked to tell whit Dr. Williams'
Pink Pills had done for him, he went before
Eugene Ziegler, a Notary Public at '27,%
Nell street, and cheerfully made affidavit
to the following narrative :—
" I began taking Dr. Williams' Pink Pill
lor Pale People two weeks ago this Sunday1,
I had the grippe for more than two weeks.
I had great trouble during that time wita
my eyes and head. The disease abroalFecteil
my appetite and my stomach. It required
great determination and cflort on my part
to do my work as pastor, and I did it whey
I should have been in bod.
" In a week's time the effects of the gripp:
were completely removed. I then continued
the remedy on account of my stomach difficulty, being confident that it would remove that. I want to recommend tho unc
of Pink Pills to all those who are affected ad
I have been. I believe that they will buili
up grippe patients.
" As for myself, I cannot say too much
for them. 1 went on tha scales two week)
ago to see what I weighed, and again today, wearing the same clothing. I found I
had gained two pounds—a pound a week.
" On account of the Bedentary habftr
natural to my occupation, and to some inf
ternai injuries sustained yeara ago, I havs
had a severe stomach affection, and have
been troubled, besides,a greatdeal, with indigestion. Since taking the Pink Pills iny
appetite has improved, my digestiou is better, and my stomach has been relieved of
its pain.
" I was struck accidentally in the stomach
by au iron bar and once I was kicked by a
mule in the same place. It was 20 yearn
ago when I was hurt first. Since thattiin*
1 suffered much from stomach difficulties.
I was treated frequently, but not cured. I
feel better now than at any time since I wa-i
hurt, and I am so pleased with my improvement that I am glad to let the public knovr
of my bettered condition. I have hoard of
other cures effected by the Pink Pills, bui
I prefer to speak only of my own case. ^
Thus. L. Lewis. ■
Sworn and subscribed before me this
29th day of April, A.D., 1893.
[seal.] Notary Public, j
The discoverer of Dr. Williams' Pink
Pills for Pale People certainly deserves th9
highest tribute than pen can frame. Hib
meihciue lias done more to alleviate ths
sufferings of humanity than any inedicii
known to science, and his name should '
handed down to future generations as
grated op tne p*™"'"""jlgreatfst *?t<i_nt of the present a.
feet Ih fc^fi?j»*_?!*;_r^ AnTa-ftrsS? phi*. ihanLW
Pink Pills contain in a condensed form
the elements necessary to give new life ai
richness to the blood, and restore shatters
nerves. They are an unfailing specific for
such diseases aa locomotor ataxia, partial
paralysis, St. Vitus' dahee, sciatica, neuralgia, rheumatism, nervous headache, the
alter effects of la grippe, palpitation of the
heart, pale and sallow complexions, that
tired feeling resulting from nervous prostration ; all diseases depending upon vitiaj-
ted humors in the blood, such as serofulay
chronic eryaiplas, etc. They are also »
specific for troubles peculiar to fern ilea,
such as suppression, irregularities, and all
forms of weakness. They build up the
blood and restore tho clow of health to pale
and sallow cheeks. In men they effect a
radical cure in all cases arising from mental
worty, overwork or excesses of whatever
Although prepared in quantity and handled in the drug trade as a proprietaiy arti'
cle, Dr. Williams' Pink Pills are not a
patent medicine in theaense that name implies, They were first compounded as a
prescription, and used as such in general
practice, So great was their efficacy that
it was deemed wise to place them within
the reach of all, at a price which anyone
could afford to pay. They aro now manufactured by the Dr. Williams' Medicine
Company, Brockville, Out., and Schenectady, N. Y., and are sold in boxes (never
in loose form by the dozen or hundred, and
the public are cautioned against numerous
imitations sold in this shape)at 50 cents a
box, or six boxes for $250, and may be had
of all druggists or direct by mail from Dr.
Williams' Medicine Company from eithtr
address. The price at which these pilla
are Bold makes a course of treatment inexpensive as compared with other remedies or
medical treatment.
The Law of Estrays-
The laws of Ontario provide that a person
taking up any estrnyed stock shall give
notico of such taking up by publishing a
notice three times in a woekly newspaper,
if one is published within tin section where
the catray was taken up, and if the property
is not called for within three weeks after
the first insertion of the hnder shall go to
the justice of the peace and tako oath to
tho finding and advertising. If tho property
is not claimed within one year and should
not exceed §50 in value it then belongs to
the party taking same. If over $50 it shall
bo advertised by tho justico and Bold, and
tho excess over all expenses shall be paid
over to tho country treasurer. Any person
taking up any estray and neglecting to
cause the same to bo advertised and appraised shall be liable to a fine of $20. The
estrayal appliea to any other personal property which may be found in  like manner.
She Knew Her MistreBa-
"Bridget," Baid the head of the house
arreyed in evening dress, "I am un expect
edly called out for the evening, and I want
you to sec that your mistress gets thia note
aseoon as she comes in, without fail."
"Yis, sort," responded Bridget. "1*1
lave it in the pocket of tho trousers ye've
just taken off, then she'll he sure to find
cV wit
'' itrued
Spotted Him-
C!ustotner-"I want anew suit, but cannot, take it unless you give me ninety days.
Tailor—"That will be all right, sir. How
did you enjoy the fair?"
Most of the fine cojal known to commerce is
obtained by divers lit      *he coast of Italy.
Fl.'ly Vessels Roaming Around «bc Allan
tic wiiiioiu Crew*.
There are, according to the most recent
official reports, fifty derelict vessels floating in the Atlantic Ocean that are regarded
as dangerous to navigation. The larger
number of these abandoned bulks are in
the sailing route to the equator, and the
record of their movements shows that they
cross and recross the track. Some of them
have made long journeys since they were
deserted by their crews, who took refuge
in some passing vessel when their own
craft threatened to sink or had become
hopelessly unmanageable or waterlogged
and uninhabitable. Some of these travel so
near the regular ocean lines that an almost
unbroken record of their wanderings is reported and sketched on the Atlantic pilot
charts. Ono of the latest of these well-
known ocean wanderers heard fnm is the
bark Ocean, which original!y appeared just
north of the southern track ot ihe western
bound steamers in .September. It haa since
been reported at periodical intervals and
haa gradually drifted south, almost lo the
sailing route from the equator. The last
report previous to its recent hailing was in
March, since which lime it has taken a
northwesterly ciurse towards the Bermudas, and was seen in about longitude
60 and latitude30 on May .'10. The schooner
Fannie ____), Walston, which was abandoned
on October 15, 1801, off tho Carolina OOMt,
was also reported a few days ago. She
drifted half way across the ocean by the
following June, and 'Jicn retraced a part
of her course by a series of circles, and
after a southerly drift was last heard of in
May down in tho northeast trades. Near
tho Walston when seen last was also the
schooner May Gibbon, which has been Irift-
ing since August 22, 1892, when she was
abandoned in a Newfoundland fog. Some
of the abandoned veBsels have valuable cargoes of lumber, and could they he towed to
port would prove rich booty. One of the
most notable of Ihe derpliots, whose jour-
neyings were well recorded, was the Maine
schooner W. L. White, which, after being
abandoned off Delaware Bay in llarch, 1888,
after ten months and ten days, arrived oil
the northwest coast of Scotland and went
ashore at Stornoway, having traversed 5,—
000 miles of ocean and been reported
forty-five times by passing ships.—[New
York Evening Post.
An Important Soientifio Disoov ery.
Nerviline, the latest discovered pain
remedy, may safely challenge tho world for
a substitute that will as speedily and
promptly check inflammatory action. The
highly penetrating properties of Nerviline
make it never failing in all cases of rheumatism, neuralgia, crampi, pains in the back
and side, headache, lumbago, etc. It possesses marked stimulating and counter
irritant properties, and at once subdues all
inflammatory action. Ormand & Walsh,
druggists, Peterboro', write ; " Our customers apeak well of Nerviline." Large
bottles 25 cents. Try Nerviline, the great
internal and external pain cure. Sold by
all druggists and country dealers.
An ordinary iuno contains a mile of wire
Dr. Harvey's Southern Red Pine for
coughs and colds is the most reliable and
perfect cough medicine in the market. For
ale everywhere.
It was justly said by Themistnoles that
speech is like tapestry unfolded, whore the
"ery appears  distinct ; but   thoughts,
jjjftpWtryiii thebaic, *hcrc-tho fig-ire*
roiifd up together.
That Tired Feeling
The marked benefit which people ovecconie
by That Tired Feeling derive from Hood'3 Sarsaparilla, conclusively
proves that this medi-
cine "makes tho weak
strong." J.B. Emerton,
a well known merchant
of Auburn. Maine, sajs:
"About live years ago
I began lo suffer with
very severo pnin in
my Htouincb, gradually growing worse. I
took Hood's Sarsaparilla, being convinced
that I was troubled with Dyspepsia complicated with l.iv«r mic! Etiilney troubles. I
improved at once and am certainly very much
better and feel more like working.
Hood's Sarsaparilla
always gives me relief and great comfort.   It
is a God-send to liny one suffering as I di 1."
HOOD'S PlLLS euro Habitual Constipation uy
restoring peristaltic uetion of tlie alimentary canal.
Air. J. 13. Knierton.
IMPROVED central Toronto  Properties to
exchange for farm lands.   Money to loan,
lien My. ISInchoinrk. NeHblll A   Clindwlck,
53 Wellington Street K., Toronto.
m BACKERS    (1 old°r Scholars can make
5     money canvassing for "Farmers'   Friend
and Account, Hook." Send for circulars.   WILLIAM ISHIUI.S, Publisher Toronto.
unprecedented fadlitios lor acquiring a
thorough knowledge of Cutting in all its
branches: also agents for tho McDowell Draft-
ng Machine. W'rilo for circulars, 123 Yongo SU
Agent? ovcrywhoro.
That people would havo boon regularly using
our Toilet Soaps since 1815 (forty-soven long
ycnrsl If they had not been GOOll I The public
arc not fools and do not continue to buy goods
unless they aro satisfactory.
No Disappointment
Can arise from the use of the great sure-pop
corn cure—Putnam's Painless Corn Extractor. Putnam'a Extractor removes corns
painlessly in a few days. Take no substitute.   At druggists.
m-av pnoosss
Rubber Stamps
Queen City Rubber Stamp WorKs, Toronto.
QfMits Diplomas in Commercial Seionce
Music, Fine Arta, Elocution and Collegiate
tAT Candidates prepared for Matriculation
and for every grade of Teachers' Certlflcatos.
Will reopen
Send for Calendar.   Address
Lodge Seals, School Soals, Ofllco and Bank
Stamps, Stamps of every description.
10 King Street West, Toronto.
Write for Circulars.
There aro some patent medicines that
are more marvelous than a dozen doctors'
piescriptions, but they're not those that
profess to cure everything.
Everybody now and then, feels "run
down," "played out." They've the will,
but no power to generate vitality. They're
not sick enough to call a doctor, but just
too sick to be well. That's where the right
kind of a patent medicine comes in, and
does for a dollar what the doctor wouldn't
do for less than five or ten. We put in our
claim for Dr. Pierce's Golden. Medical
We claim it to be nn 'ineijualedremedy to
purify the blood and invigorate the liver.
We claim it to be lasting in its effects,
creating an appetite, purifying the blood,
and preventing Bilious, Typhoid and Malarial fevera if taken in time. The time to
tako it ia when you first feel the signs of
murine** and weakness. The time to take
it, on general principles, is now.
The Tr.rtars take -. man by the ear to invite him to eat or drink with them.
The Laplanders rub their noses against
the nose of him whom they would honor.
Are you thinking of sending your young
people to school? IT so, mill Hie ndv. of
Pickering tijUexeand xeiul r.ir caleii lar.
Montreal parties, it is said, have been
shipping currency to Nov/ York last week
at a premium of 2 per eout.
A. P. 674.
indeed is he whose blood is poor,
who has lost his  appetite   and   his l
flesh and seems to be in a rapid decline; but
Of Pure Norwegian Cod Liver Oil and i
can make it rich again by restoring appetite,,
flesh and rich blood, and so giving him energy |
, and perfect physical life, cures Coughc, Colds, |
<j Consumption, Scrofula and Bronchitis.   IT IS I
Prepared only by Scott A Bnwno, Belleville.      j
For Circular Address,
77 Northcoto Ave., Toronto
Electrical Supplies, Boll Outfits, &c. Repairs prompt and reasonable. School and
Experimenters' Supplies and Books.
36 & 37 Adelaide St. W„ Toronto
Fire and Burglar-Proof
In use oil ovor tho Dominion. We sell direct to
tho uaor. thus giving tho
buyer tbcdU count usually
paid in Commissions. I'at-
loguo on application.
S77 Craig St., Mcntroa
High Speed Family Knitter
Will knit iu pain Hncki p:-r
__ fifty. "Will do all work any
piniii circular knitting machine
will do, from liomesnun or factory yarn, Tho most practical
family knitter on Ihe market. A
child can opi'ratclt. Htroner,
Dnrnblc, Simple, Rapid. We
guarantee every machine to do
Rood work, iiewareof Imitations*
Agents wanted*   Write for par*
es Knitting Machine Co., Dundas, Ontario.
Company in Minnesota.
Ian. They will be sent to you
for Bale by the Saint PauTi
& DeiXTH Railroad
Eend for Maps and Circa*
Land Commissioner, 8t. Paul, Minn,
Perhaps you do not believe these
Statements concerning Green's August Flower.    Well, we san't make
you.   We can't force conviction into your head or nied-
Doubtlng       icine   into   your
throat.   We don't
Thomas.        want to. The money
is yours,    and   the
misery is yours; and until  you are
willing to believe, and spend the ona
for the relief of the other, they will
stay  so.     John   H.   Foster,   112a
Brown  Street,  Philadelphia,  says:
" My wife is a little Scotch woman,
thirty years of age and of a naturally
delicate disposition.    For five or six
years past she has been  suffering
from Dyspepsia. She
\/bmlt became so bad at last
that she could not sit
Every Meal, down to a meal but
she had to vomit it
as soon as she had eaten it. Two
bottles of your August Flower have
cured her, after many doctor:; failed.
She can now eat anything, and enjoy
it; and as for Dyspepsia, she does not
know that she ever had it." •
Best in the World!
Get the Genuine!
Sold Everywhere!
Don't wait till spring
is past, beforo trying K
D.C It cleanses and
heals the stomach, invigorates and tones
the system. No other
tonic needed. Tade it
Mention this paper.
Free sample mailed to any address.
After five years' ra
fcrins? from  !)>>pcpsl
my wife (tot   entirely
cured in ono month by
tho free use of
Tho happy transition it
brings is uranil and permanent. We prize St,
Leon so highly wo will
take pleasuro in an -wer
ing liny inquiries.
Joseph Price.
319 Dovcncnurt   Road,
Hotel no-v open.
M.  A.  Thomas,   JIgr
Branch - 440 Ycnge
To think that you must
wear   wide,   ill-looking
shoes to have comfort.
Our   shoes  are   both
easy and elegant
nice  to  look at
while in wear.
Tho J. D.   KING CO.
Royal   Dandelion   Coffee.
2 BAY ST.,
and get adjusted a
Which has no equal in the wcrld.
Honors tho last 2'> years, Paris, Philadelphia,
Toron onnd wherever oxhibiled.
fl«po.-l'^i"ssin llous*
Your machinery with etc., standard und
Machine Oil
We will give a substantial reward to ony-
ono bringing us profit of Other Oil Leing
Eold as our peerless machine oil.
None genuine- except from packages
bearing full brand, and ono name, and sola
only by reliable mid regular dealers.
Sole manufacturers.
From all Stations in Ontario, Return Ratos to
Mooaomln .-
Blnscartb I
Roston ;
Reslna 1
MooBejaw J
Yorkton I
Calgary 1
Prince }
Albert I
Edmonton     $4000
AUG. 16, return until  OCT. IB
AUG, 22. "      " Sr?-^2^
SEFtf.   6, "      " NO v\ t»
Parties ticketing from other points should
am nge to arrive at Toronto in tiiie to con
nectjwith tho 10:15p.m, trhio an abone
dates. V.
^eaaral Eaview of the Farmers' Pro3p9cts,
•ail Wheat an Average Yield of Fair
Quality—Spring Wheat a Failure-Barley First Class in Colour—Oals   Below
• n Good Uriel-Fens Fair—Potatoes
Have Suffered on Account or Brought
—The labour Market
The fallowing crop and live stock bulletin
has been issued by the Ontario Bureau of
Industries :—
Fell Wheat.—Harvesting began in the
south-west about July 7th ; on August 10th
wheat was being cut in Algoma, and on the
loth in the north-eastern section of the
province. Tho great bulk of the crop was
cut between July loth and July 25th. As
to yield, the reports indicate an average
for the entire province of 19.6 bushels per
acre. Some threshing had been done, but
most of the reports were estimated in the
sheaf. As the reports of thin straw and
small and shrunken grain are quite common
from all parts of Ontario, and the fields are
somewhat uneven, our later reports from
exact threshing results may show a yield
lower rather than higher than this. Tho
yield per acre appears to be a little higher
than the general comments of the correspondents would support. The condition is
up to the average ; reports of rusting aro
rather numerous, but little or no damage
from insects is mentioned. The grain in
many sections is reported as having filled
a little too lapidly and to be small or
shrunken. On the whole, the prospects,
according to our correspondents, point to
an average yield of fair quality.
Spring Wheat.—This is probably the
poorest grain crop of tho present season.
Everything appears to have been against it.
Fir?t the wet Bpringgave a late anil uneven
start to the wheat. Then the drought of
many districts cau-ed too rapid filling, and
has produced much shrunken and inferior
grain. Rust has been common in all parts
of the province. The midge and other insects are reported as being very destructive
this year, especially in West Midland,
Georgian Bay, and East Midland districts.
Grasshoppers were more numerous than
usual, and in the Georgian bay and neighbouring counties did a large amount of destruction. Maturing of the crop has been
very uneven and harvesting has been early
in some counties, quite late in others. On
the whole spring wheat promises to be a
very poor crop, small in quantity, and below the average in quality—in fact, from
the reports of correspondents, it might
almost be set down as a failure.
Barley.—This crop had a Inter start than
usual ; then, in most parts of the province
the growth of straw was checked by dry
weather, and filling of the grain and maturing took piace too rapidly. The straw, as
a consequence, is somewhat short, and the
quantity is below the average yield per
acre. The grain is on the whole of fine,
bright colour, but smaller and lighter in
weight than usual. The yield per acre is
below tho average. The six-rowed variety
appears to have done better than the two-
rowed, the short glowing season being
against the perfect development of the latter. The barley crop reports may be summed up thus : Total yield tor the province below the average, grain lighter in
weight than usual but first-class in colour.
Oats.—The oat crop haa not turned out
bo well as its condition on July 1st indicated. The excessive dry weather checked the
growth of straw, which, aa a consequence,
will be somewhat shorter than usual, and
•jiU,<(wg ___. lighter yiehi per acre. The grain
has not filled perfectly, and will be a little
light; the yield will be only fair. Some
damage by rust haa been reported, but the
almost universal complaint is from grasshoppers. Four-fifths of the correspondents
from the Lake Erie oounties refer to them.
From Lambton, Simcoe, Middlesex, Northumberland and Durham, Prince I'.dward,
Lennox and Addington, and Frontenac,
come reports of great destruction to every,
thing growing in the fields. Correspondents
report them more numerous and destractive
than for many years. Although the acreage
originally sown to oats was larger than
usual, the total yield will, contrary to earlier prospects and indications, probably fall
considerably below what would be considered a good yield lor Ontario.
Peas.—This crop promises to be fair to
good. The vines podded well but the
drouth has prevented the pods from filling
i perfectly, The "bugs " aro again reported
I aa doing extensive damage in the West
r.'Midland and Lake Erie districts. In going
1 Over the entire province the crop appears to
I Tie somewhat uneven, very light in some
I places owing to drouth and rapid maturing ;
] damaged by the pea bug in others, while iu
I Borne townships it is excellent. On the
1 whole the crop will be about up to the
I average. Harveating had begun August lat
1 in a few places, was still in progress Aug-
| ust 15th all over Ontario.
Rye.—Much of the rye has been out and
I fed green ; the small quantity left to mature
I has turned out a fair crop in most cases.
I Drouth checked its growth somewhat.
Beans.—The harvesting of the bean cron
lis being somewhat extended  in timo this
I yearowing to the difficulty anddelay in plant-
ling.    Early planted has yielded an average
Iquauttcj of good quality; late planted will
Iturn out below the average in both quantity
land qualitty owing to the drouth.    Reports
[indicate a   largely increased acroage, and
lonly a moderate yield on  the whole.
1 ^.Timothy and Clover Hay.—The hay har-
|vest began about  the   last week  of June,
and ran on to tho last weok of July.    The
earliest cutting reported to   ua was June
JiOth ; on August 12th some hay was yet to
be out in Muskoka.    Clover is  by far the
best ciop of this season, timothy second.
Not a single report comes to ua of less than
bne ton to tho acre, some give three, and a
Jew even go over three up  to four.    Tho
lveuther was on the whole very favourable,
Lnd the crop housed or stacked in fino coalition,    Some of the early out was injured
ly rain ; some of the latest cut  was interfered with by the wheat harvest, and matured toj much. Farm help was short about
Ihe middle of July,  when hay and wheat
larvesting were both in  progress,    A few
nple comments may be  given : *' could
hot be hotter ;"   "secured in  good  condition ;" "best in 20 years ;" " in some places
llovcr had to be  drawn from  the field it
'onto dry."   Although the  1S92 crop
tasvery large, that of 1S93 is larger by
178,719  tons.    The second crop of clover
tas practically  a failure.  This report oil
lay is final.
Corn.—This crop is cultivated in the
Lake Erie district more extensively than in
Iny other district, and the crop is reported
|n the average to be very fair though the
oulh has allectcd it. In other districts
that corn is grown is reported to be fair.
Jill corn is excellent, while ensilage is not
'.'(IB mark.
"excellent," with   the   preponderance in
favour of the latter term.
Potatoes.—Potatoes will only be up to
the average, and probably not that. In
several of the districts, particularly in the
western part ol the province, this crop has |
suffered from drouth, while in the other
districts they are, as a rule, reported small
and scraggy without any cause being assigned.
Roots.—The reports regarding roots are
encouraging.    They appear to  have had
A Great Germ Killer.
In view of the possible advent of cholera
in this country, many cheap and simple
disinfectants have been proposed for the
use of the people. Of these, one of the
most effective ia common soot. Soot ia
composed of pure carbon, and is formed by
j the hot vapor of the hydro-carbon coming
l from burning fuel striking the cold walla of
good start, and in spire of the drouth com-   the ehimney-or 8tove    , - and  conJensing
plained of in many quarters they give good ; tnereon r L
igns of yielding above the average I     ft ^ „ , d .       j    M
Fru.t.-lhe reports regardingthii   crop d / n|   '0Pharcoal    wmc'h g the
indicate that apples are a complete failure   „„,_. _i'    „„. ;       jo-       . *   „
., ,     ..i,„. „.„ „     ir„„„ {__,„ -„l„  I same element in a diderent form,  possesses
throughout the province.    Very few sche-   ,u        .     e     i_     , • j      z •  •
■■ .i.   .    . ' the property of   absorbing and  retaining a
dules give one-third of a crop, while in the
majority of instances the answer to the
question is either ' complete failure" or
"none." In the Lake Erie district grapes
appear to be exceptionally fine, while pears
and berries are above the average. In the
Lake Huron district berries are good, and
cherries and grapes fair. In the Georgian
Bay district, cherries are a fine crop in Grey,
while in Simcoe the berries arc excellent
and grapes fair. The St. Lawrence and
Ottawa, East .Midland and Northern districts do not report favourably on anything
but the berries. Several of the fruits do not
appear to be cultivated in many sections.
Pastures and Live Stock.—The reports
from all districts show that pasture, up to
July 20, was good, but after that the fields
began to suffer through lack of rain. Pasture therefore, for the past lew weeks has
been a failure, save in the Northern, East
Midland, and tho northern portions of tho
St. Lawrence and Ottawa districts. In
thoso the pasture has been and is good.
The stock, however, have done well, considering the season ; and the indications are
that fall and winter fodder will be ample.
The supply of dairy produce, considering
the province as a whole, is about the average. Complainta are made that there is a
scarcity of butter in the west, owing to the
dry weather causing the supply to lessen.
In the northeastern part of the province
there are no such complaints
Bees and Honey.—From every quarter
the bees are reported to be in a healthy
condition, and they have not suffered from
any complaint during the summer. From
the Georgian Bay district il is reported that
a large number of colonies were destroyed
by the severe weather of the past winter.
Swarming all over the province wherever
bees are kept was good. The supply of
nectar, in field and forest, in one or two instances only, is reported to have been
deficient, but in all othera it is good, except
in a few cases, where it is given as superabundant. The average yield per colony is
variously stated. This depends largely
upon the manner in which the bees are
cared for. Some colonies are reported as
yielding 20 lbs., while the average appears
to be 401bs.,with not a few ratingatSO, 100,
and 150 Iba. In West and East Midland,
Northern, and Georgian bay districts bees
are not extensively kept, nor are they in
the counties of Huron and Bruce in the
Lake Huion diatrict. The anawer to the
question, " are ' bees in a thrifty condition at present I" ia unanimously in the
Farm Labour.—By the answers given to
the questions on this topic it would appear
that fanners do not have much additional
help in the harvest. They appear to hire
men for the greatest part of the year, say
seven or eight months, and trust to machinery to enable them to secure their
crops. In the Lake Ontario district there
appears to be a scarcity of farm labourers,
with wages in harvest time ranging from
SI. 25 to £2 per day.and from $15 to $40 nor
month. Wrom the St. Lawerence and Ottawa district some sections report a scarcity because the young men are in the lumber mills. In the East Midland district the
supply of labour is given aa fairly good,
and the wages SI.25 per day, and $20 to
$30 a month. Other sections ot this district report the anomalous condition of
the scarcity of labour and low wages. In
the Northern district the supply was not
sufficient, save in Algoma, whore quite a
number could not get work. The supply
in the Lake Erie district^ appears to be
"not quite sufficient," and the average
wages are quoted at $1.25 per day, and $25
per month. In the Lake Huron district labour is plentiful, except in the County of
Bruce, while thore is a scarcity in the
Georgian Bay and West Midland districts.
The average rate of wages for harvest hands
throughout the province is about $1.25
per day, and S24 per month.
flax and Hops. — T lax nnd hops aro not
lenerally grown but where they are culti-
latod the oroy varies  from   "failure" to
Lice on Cattle-
An old agricultural writer says that some
twelve years ago ho noticed his bull was
free from lice when the rest of his cattle
were not. Thinking the matter over he
came to the conclusion that the bull's habit
of throwing dirt over himself must have something to do with his freedom from lice. So
he tried dry earth ou the reat of his cattle
with good results.
"Since then 1 have used dry earth and
have frequently put itou cattle having lice
and have found it perfectly efficacious, both
as a preventive and a cure.    If in winter I
think it needed and cannot get it otherwise,
I go into my cellar and got a few quarts.
There   is no danger iu using  too    much.
Dry it on the stove.then  sprinkle  it over
the back from head to tail, and working in
and through the hair it soon   destroys all
lice.   I believe the earth to be just as effica-
cious.leas dangerous and leBS expensive than
tobacco or any of the acids recommended."
A common remedy for treating cattle lice
is   cocculus indicus,  of which use  one-half
pound for each animal,   pulverizing  it and
mixing with two quarts of vinegar,   allow-
ing it to simmer ono  hour on  the stove.
This should bo applied thoroughly by rubbing it well into the hair over  tho infested
parts.    A kerosene emulsion made of  two
gallons of kerosene and one-fourth pound of
whale oil soap in a gallon   of  water is also
very effective.    Tho solution of soap should
be heated before adding  the  kerosene  and
the mixture churned for five or ten minutes
to make the emulsion.    This should be diluted with eight parts of water and  applied
wonderfully large amount of gas.
The great danger of disease about sewers,
drains and other places is almost entirely
due to gas given off by decomposing matter. If soot be sprinkled about these places
it will absorb the foul gas. When cholera
was expected in Baltimore some sixteen
years ago, Dr. Piggot, a celebrated chemist
of the time, announced that the old disinfectant with which cholera could be at all
effectively eombatted waa copperas or sulphate of iron, and he made a composition
of charcoal and copperas which was said to
have been invaluable in ita disinfecting
The general idea in disinfecting is first,
to provide a means for absorbing the death-
dealing gas, carrying with it milliona of
diseased germs, and then to have the necessary agent to destroy the germs after they
aro absorbed. Charcoal has always been
regarded as an excellent disinfectant, but,
as a matter of fact, soot is superior to it
from containing some of the unoxidized hydrocarbons contained in the smoke from the
fuel, and among these hydrocarbons is
creosote, a germ-killer of wonderful power.
Cnly Healthy Parsons Snoezs-
This is a point alluded to by Mr. Jonathan Hutchinson in a recent number of his
"Archives." He does not recollect himself
to have seen any but fairly healthy persons
sneeze. He puts the question with especial
reference to the widely-spread popular superstition that sneezing is a sign of health
and good luck. It is possible, he thinks,
that this may have had its origin in the
fact that it is for the most part an act restricted to those in fair health. Taylor, in
his "Primitive Culture," gives interesting
facts as to the prevalence of this creed and
as to certain customs associated with it,
and traces it in part to doctrines of animism, but Mr. Hutchinson thinKs thesugges-
tion he has given may also have some value.
No evidence of advancing years is so unwelcome as wrinkles. W rinkles are but
the expression of the inner life, thought,
and feeling as the years go by. The best
remedies for wrinkles are altogether preventive. A cheerful spirit, contented mind,
plenty of sleep, exercise in the open air,'and
a healthttil diet will insure against the
appearance of wrinkles almost entirely.
When once developed, these measures stand
among the best cures known. We may,
however, aid in the removal of these unwelcome marks of advancing years by sponging the face with hot water and daily taking
a face message with some oil that is readily
absorbed, as lanoline or malvena salve.
These lines are traced as the expression
of the face gives them existence, and are
encouraged by the absorption of the fat
which underlies the skin ; when this is developed by massage, thb removal of the
wrinkles is hastened, but the principal thing
to be attained is to prevent thoir existence
by a change of thought, condition of mind
and heart.
Waste of Fores-
A source of dyspepsia is emotional waste
of nervous force. The nerve force is to the
physical system what steam is to the machine. In the normal condition of things,
it is renewed as fast as it is used. But nature makes no provision for the immense
amount expended by excessive care, by fuss
and worry, by hurry and drive, by explosions of passion and by tho undue excitements of pleasure. All these are like a
great leakage of steam. The stomach is
the first and largest sharer in the loss.
Something Like a Jump-
An extraordinary carriage accident is reported from Clandeboye, Lord Dufferin's
Irish residence. It appears that Mrs.
Fegan, wife of Surgeon Fegan,a well-known
practitioner in Belfast, with six members of
her family,went out for an afternoon drive.
While proceeding down the avenue from
the house, tho horse, a valuable hunter,
shied in a wild manner, and with a remarkable spring, cleared the gate, six feet high,
at a bound, carrying the four-wheeled carriage and its occupants, to their great
terror, to the other side. The carriage was
smashed at the shafts, and several of the
occupants, who were precipitated with
great force on the road, sustained injuries of
a serious character.
When  meeting a   friend, the  Chinaman
shakes his own hand instead of his friend's.
A New Discovery About Jupiter-
From the beginning of his work with the
telescope Professor Barnard has given
special attention to the planet Jupiter. In
1890 the planet was observed by him on
forty-nine nights with the 12-inch equatorial, aud careful measures made of all the
markings on the planet. In September
of that year he observed the singular phenomenon of a double transit of the first satellite across the disk of Jupiter. Projected on the face of the planet it appeared
distinctly double, resembling a close double
star, the components being slightly uu-
eqnul. This remarkable appearance has
not yet been accounted for. It was probably due to a bright belt en the satellite,
similar ti some of those on Jupiter. The
observations would imply that the satellite
in its revolution about Jupiter rotates on an
axis nearly perpendicular to its orbit, as in
the case of our own moon. The observations might also imply that the first moon
of Jupiter is really double, though this explanation is hardly probable.
In July, 1892, he commenced t^ use regularly the large telescope on ono night each
week, and naturally bog an systematic observations of the great planet. It was but
a short time before the superiority of the
largest telescope in tho world for this work
was made manifest Indue course of mail
the writer received at Chicago a letter from
Professor Barnard, written on Saturday
morning, September 10th, stating that on
the previous evoning (Friday), at about
midnight, ho had observed an extremely
faint speck of light very closo to Jupiter ;
that it seemed to be moving with the planet;
and that he stionijly suspected it was a new
satellite. He said that it was so difficult
with the large telescope that.he was unable to
see it except by shutting out the light of the
planet. The suspected star was found by
the observations of the following night to
be a new satellite, and on Monday morning the whole astronomical world was elec-
trifisd by the announcement that Jupiter,
observed more than any other planet for the
past three hundred years, had a fifth moon,
revolving about it in less than twelve hours,
at a distance from the surface of the planet
of about 70,000 miles.—[S. W. Burnham, in
Harper's Magazine.
Raynor—"The best thing to do with your
boy, it seems to me, is lo let him follow his
natural bent." Shyne—" His natural bent?
Great Scott! ho rides his bicycle three
fourths of the time already !"
Mrs. Jones—" Is yourwife at home, M
Wilbur?"  Wilbur—"Not certain,  but >.
you'll hold  that screen door open  half
The annual consumption of tea in England per capita is a little more than five
The exports of coal from Belgium last
year amounted to 4,538,118 tons, a slight
decrease from the previous year.
Street car conductors in Hannibal, Mo.,
are forbidden to aid women in getting on or
off cars except when requested.
Spirit Lake, Iowa, is situated upon the
pinnacle of one of the most elevated regions in the state—1,650 feet above sea
A Texas widow sued an editor for $10,000.
She gained the suit and then the editor
married her in order to keep the cash in the
Th.eemiles per hour is about the average
speed'of the gulf stream. At certain places,
however, this speed is iacreased to fifty-four
miles an hour.
More than 40,000,000 young trees, it is
officially repotted, have been planted in
Switzsrland ia the last seven years in the
effort*} " reforest" that country.
The largest desert is the Sahara. It
coven- an area of 3,000 miles from east to
west, 1,000 from north to south, altogether
3,000,11(10 square miles.
While riding in her buggy near Iron
Mountain, Cab, Mrs. Kamene saw what she
thought to be three little dogs playing in
tho road. She stopped to admire their
antics when a mountain lioness sprang from
tho bui.ii and planted two paws on the buggy.
She st.-uck the animal on the head with her
whip, lashed her horse and escaped. The
"little dogs " wero young lions.
The dreaded "death watch," as it is called, is i small beetle which has a very powerful joint in its neek, and calls its mate by
tapping with its head on the wall or on any
surface where it may happen to be located.
The noise is similar to that which may be
produced by tapping with the finger-nails
on a table, and the insect can frequently be
made to answer such taps. Many country
people call it the "blacksmith."
It may have surprised some folks to learn
that it would require five years for the mints
of the United States government to coin
107,000.000 silver dollars, but the time is
not so surprising when one has done a little
figuring, Tho mints have scarcely 300 full
working days in the year, or less than 700,-
000 wording minutes in five years. To coin
167,000,000 in that time, therefore, it w 'tild
be necessary to turn out more than 250 dollar pieci 3 p»r minute*
The Polype is the most remarkable creature on earth. If cut transversely or longitudinally into several parts each will become a perfect animal. Trembly turned
them inside out and they ate and enjoyed
themselves as much as ever. He slit two
longitudinally, placed the halves together
and united them into two animals, he divided two transversely and created one with
two heads; he pushed one down the throat
of another, a third down the throat of the
second and thus formed a creature with
three he^ds.
Wonderful Scene iu Connection With the
Toronto Military Tournament.
What Occurred When tho   Band -Flayed
These Two Popular Airs.
A very .touching scene occurred at the
repent-Hilary tournr.mcnt iu Toronto.
The grounds were orowded to overflowing
with one of the most brilliant and fashionable gatherings seen in this city this summer,
the enthusiasm was intense, and when the
hoarse voice of the officer who was officiating as director of ceremonies announced
that the band of the contingent would play
a selection a momentary pause passed
over the multitude. The band struck up a
few bars, and then it dawned upon the
crowd that it was playing the " Maple
Leaf," and a loud cheer burst from a thousand throats, completely drowning the
music. Every passage was applauded to
the echo, and at the end the enthusiasm and
cheering was intense. Men waved their hats
and ladies their handkerchiefs. The bandmaster graciously repeated the number, and
again the applause was repeated, whilst the
author, Mr. Alex. Muir, who is president of
the Army and Navy Veterans, and who was
in the officers' box, was warmly congratulated by Mrs. Kirkpatrick. When the applause had subsided the band played " Rule
Brittar.ia," and a sinilar sceno followed,
Next came ' Auld Lang Syne," which toon
the people by storm. The incident wax very
pretty, and the bandmaster caught the
crowd to perfection. In was perhaps ono of
the finest demonstrations of sentiment ever
seen in Canada.
L'xeoution of an Austrian Murderer-
I n presence of about a hundred speota
tors, a dangerous convict, named Emi
Brunner, was executed by strangulation-
the method practised in Austria, in the
courtyard of the prison at Kre-ne on Saturday. He was condemned to death for having, while undergoing a term of 16 years'
imprisonment, instigated a revolt in the
prison which resulted in the murder of the
chief superintendent, while three warders
were seriously injured. The courtyard in
which the execution took place is used as
an exercise ground for the inmates of tho
prison. All the windows looking upon it
wero occupied by convicts when Brunner
was brought out from his cell in charge of
eight warders and accompanied by the prison chaplain. As tho condemned man
walked towards the gallows he muttered a
ptayer, and said a few words ol farewell to
those about him. He was then pinioned,
and placed with his back to the upright
stake forming the gallows. The process of
strangulation, which was accomplished by
the nooso of a rope nnd partly through
compression of the wind passages by the
hands of the executioner, occupied five
minutes, and it was not until two minutes
later that the prison doctor certified tho
extinction of lifo.
Are Facts Narrated by a Journalist From
A Grandmother at Twenty—Mall El Hassan Rules a Vast "Cesspool orBotten
ness " us an Absolute Tyrant.
A man of mysteries from Morocco, Mr.
Budgett Meakin, editor of the Tangier
Times, who is now on a tour of America,
was interviewed by a Montreal reporter the
other day. Of Mr. Meakin the Review of
Reviews "had said that he "is one of the
very few Englishmen who knows something
of that mysterious Empire (Morocco.) No
one knows all about Morocco, no not even
the Moors themselves, but Mr. Meakin
knows a great deal, and as he is going to
lecture round the world on the subject at
his heart, the general average of information on the subject is going to be raised."
In a half-hour interview Mr. Meakm made
it clear that he had neither been libelled or
flattered by the Review. Ho told of a land
that has receded from a foremost place
among the nations of the world to the most
hopeless, helpless stagnation. It is a land
where women becov.e mothers at twelve and
fifteen and
Indeed, it is recorded, says Mr. Meakin,
that at least ono Moroccan woman became
a grandmother at twenty. And every
authority on Morocco will agree that the
average Moorish woman is old and wrinkled
and graceless before she has seen a quarter of
a century Mr. Meakin knows, for he lived
there upward of nine years on intimate
terms with the Moroccans, speaking their
language and wearing their costume. As a
result of that acquaintance, Mr. Meakin has
written several stories of Moorish life,
"Sons of Ishmael," "Brown Barbary,"etc,
which competent critics have pronounced
stand urd works.
" It is," said Mr. Meakin, speaking of
Morocco, " an immense cesspool of
rottenness. Despotism and anarchy are
there seen to be the complements of each
other. Muli el Hassan, the Sultan, is a
man of thought and reading, but his conceptions of human liberty, if he has any, are
very vague. He maintains his absolute
sway by playing off one European nation
against another. And his governors hold
from him, as Vicar of God, power ot life
and death over all Morocco, and they use
it. Periodically, by the permission of the
Sultan, the more powerful tribes literally
eat ths weaker ones up, enslaving or
slaughtering the men and desolating the
land by fire.
If Europe does not interfere, this once
powerful people will sink into the lowest
depths of barbarism, and eventually die off
the earth.
But if tho country be opened up, Canada
will have a competitor greater than India
in the wheat markets of the world. For today, with an export duty of about 60 per
cent, on wheat, and over 100 per cent, on
maize, large quantities oi ihese cereals are
exported from Morocco.
minute you'll hear from her."
A Day in a Gorilla's Life-
At the Aquarium in Berlin there is a big
gorilla whose habits are about as correct as
those of most of his distant relatives. He
gets up at eight o'clock in the morning,
takes a bath and uses soap without hesitation. When his toilet is completed he
takes a cup, of milk, after which he eats
two loaves of bread with Frankfort sausages
and smoked Hamburg beef, all of whioh
he moistens with a glass of Weiss beer. At
1 p. m. he takes a bowl of soup, with rice
and potatoes, and a wing of a chicken. He
uses his knife and fork aud a napkin like a
human being ; but when he thinks that his
keepers are not observing him he discards,
the impediments of civilisation and plunges
i- his muzzle into the bowl, as if to give evi.
dence of the melancholy fact that even a
gorilla can he a hog.
;    Women in English Politics.
The part the women play in an English
election is one of the things which no
American can accept as »n improvement
over our own methods. It may either amuse
him or shock him, but he would not care
to see it adopted at home. The canvassing
in the country from cottage to cottage he
oan understand; that seems possible enough.
It takes the form of a polite, visit to the
tenants, and the real object is cloaked with
a few vague inquiries about the health of
the ohildrcn or tho  oonditiou  of  the crops,
and the tractlike distribution'1 of campaign
documents. But in town it ia different.
The invasion of bachelor apartments by
young Primrose Dames is embarrassing and
un-nice, and is the sort of thing we would
not allow our sisters to do ; and the house-
to-house canvass in the alleys of Whiteohap-
el or among the Bavages of Lambeth, whioh
results in insult and personal abuse, is, to
our way of thinking, a simple impossibility.
The English, as a rule, think we allow our
women to do pretty much as they please,
and it is true that they do in many things
enjoy more freedom than their British cousins, but the men in our country are not so
anxious to get into otlice.greedy as they are
after it, as to allow their wives, iu order to
attain that end, to be even subject to
annoyance, certainly not to be stoned
and hustled off their feet or splattered with the mud of the Mile-End Road.
Any one in England who followed the election last year knows to the wife of whioh
distinguished candidate and to the daughters of which cabinet minister I refer.
I have seen women of the best class struck
by stones and eggs and dead fish, and the
game did not seem to me to be worth the
candle. I confess that at the time I was so
intent in admiring their pluck that it appeared to me as rather fine than otherwise,
but from this calmer distance I oan see
nothing in the active work of the English
woman in politics which justifies the risks
she voluntarily runs of insult and indignity
and bodily injury. A seat in the House
would hardly repay a candidate for the loss
of one of his wife's eyes, or of all of his
sister's front teeth, and, though that is putting it brutally, it is putting it fairly.
It would not be fair, however if I left the
idea in the re ider's mind that the women go
into the work unwillingly j on the contrary,
they delight in it, and some of them aro as
clever at it as the men, and go to as great
lengths, from Mrs. Langtry, who plastered
her house from pavement to roof with
red and white posters for the Conservative
candidate, to the Duchesses who sat at the
side of the member for Westmtnstor and regretted that it threatened to be an orderly
meeting. It is also only fair to add that
many of the most prominent Englishmen iu
politics are as much opposed to what they
call tho interference of women in matters
political as they are to bribery and corruption, and regard both elements of an electoral campaign with a pronounced disfavor.
The reply which tho present President
of the United States mado to those eu-
thusiatic and no doubt well-meaning women
who wished to form leagues and name
them after his wife, illustrates the spirit
withwhichthe interference of women in politics is regarded in this country. But then
it is a new thing with us, and it is only
right to remember that from the days of
the Duchess of Devonshire's sentimental
canvass to the present, English women
have taken a part in general elections ; that
thera is precedent for it ; and when you
have said that of anything English, ymi
have justified it fbr all time to come. The
young American girl who would not think
it proper to address men from a platform
and give them a chance to throw things at
her, must remember that the English girl
would not give tho man she knew a cup of
tea in the afternoon unless her mother were
in the room to take care of her. And I am
sure the women in My Candidate's campaign almost persuaded me that they, as
the political agent declared, did more than
himself to win the election.—[From " A
Geueial Election in England," by Richard
Harding Davis, in Harper's Magazine for
Dates of Notable Inventions and Discoveries.
Gas was first made in England abou*
1792, and for many years was umd only to
illuminate the residences of royalty and the
nobility, It is now so plentiful and cheap
that as much employment is found for it in
cooking as in illumination.
Curved stereotype plates were invented
in 1815, but were little used for half a century after that date. Since 1865 they have
come into general employment in every
newspaper office in the country whose edition is printed on a fast steam press.
The first almanac was printed in Hungary
in 1470. One medical firm in this country
now prints and circulates over 3,000,000 a
year, and it is estimated that the total
number printed annually in this country
does not fall short of 150,000,000.
Needles were first made with very rude
machinery in 1545. At that date a workman
did well if he turned out ten a day. It is
estimated that the present product of the
United States exceeds 80,000,01.0 a year,
while England makes HO.OOO.OCO.
The first forks made in England were
manufactured in 1008. Their use was ridiculed by the men of the time, who argued
that the English race must, be degenerating
when a knife and a spoon were not sufficient
for table use. Last year a Sheffield firm
made over 4,0C0,0O0.
Tobacco was discovered in 1499. In 1892
tho United Statea raised 5(i5,755,000pounds
on 757,320 acres of ground. In 1884 the
world's production was 768,000 tons on
2,020,000 acres. In 1892 there were manufactured in the United States 2,877,779,440
Carpets wero brought from the East in
1589. At first they were made by hand,but
the development of machinery in their manufacture is such that one English firm makes
400,000 a year. There are said to be in this
country over 70,000,000 daily[trodden by the
feet of our population.
Calico printing was invented in 1670. The
number of yards annually manufactured is
too great for computation. One girl of 12
years employed in the Lancashire mills will
make 35 yards a day, and iu a year can turn
out enough to clothe 1200 persons in India
for the same length of time.
The electric light was ir vented in 18 46
and as late as 1876 was pronounced by a high
scientific authority "a pretty toy," and the
prediction made that it would never be anything else. At present over 200 cities and
thousands upon thousands of offices ani
dwellings are lighted bv means of electricity.
The American post office was put in
operation in 1710. Last year there wero
447,5i)l miles of mail routes and 67,119
post offices. The revenues of ■ the department were $70,930,475. There were carried
3,800,000,000 letters. The world's annual
mail comprises 8,000,000,000 letters and
5,000,000,000 papers.
* The shoe-pegging machine was invented in
1853. By its aid it is estimated that the
labor of one man can turn out 399 pairs of
shoes a day. One factory near Boston
makes more shoes every year than the 32,»
000 shoemakers of Paris. In 1880 3100
shoe machines wero at work.producing 150,-
000,000 pairs of shoes a year.
Rreech-loading rifles were invented in 1811,
but did not come into general use for many
years. It is estimated that over 12,000,000
are now in actual service in European
armies, while 3,000,000 mere ate reserved
in the arsenals for emergencies. Statisticians siU/ that there are 100,000,000 Ana of
all kinds in the world. >-—       (       _        t
Morse's telegraph was made practical in \
1837. The Western Union now has 739,-
105 miles of wire and sends 62,000,000 messages a year. The world's business is transacted partly by means of 246,000,000 messages sent every year. In 1881 there were
in Europe 41,150 telegraph offices. The
world in 1888 had 767,800 miles of telegraph wires.
Acid etching was first done in 1512.
Little practical use was made of the process,
however, until about twenty years ago,
when it was improved to such an extent
that "process reproductions" became the
cheapest means of preparing illustrations
for the press. At present this method is in
use in the art departments of publishing
firms, magazines and newspapers.
Coal first came into use in England in
1234. During the last ten years there
were produced ll,0S6,O0O,000 tons, and
coal fields have been discovered in every
country in the world. It is estimated that
the coal fields now known will supply the
constantly increasing demand for 1000
years, which will give the world time to
look round and either discover more or
find a proper substitute
The harvester was inventol by McCor-
mick in 1831. Since that time this machine
has been brought to such perfection that,
it is said, it will cut and bind an acre of
grain in forty-five minutes. To such an
extent has machinery superseded hand
work in the grain farms, of the Northwest
that it is estimated that the labor of one
man will raise enough gram to support a
thousand men for a yoar, while the labor
of a second will transport it to market,
and that of a third will prepare it for
Lost and Found-
An old womau hai just died in a Vienna
hospital whose history is worth recording.
When this woman waa 25 years old and
had been happily married three years, her
husband suddenly disappeared, and though
ho was sought by the police and advertised
for, no trace of hitn was found. Thirty
years after tho disappearance of her husband Magdaleno Wildhofer was entitled by
the Austrian law to have her husband de«
clared dead and to marry again. He wa(#
again advertised for, and as ho did noli
come, she married ono who had long beet*
htr suitor. After two years of happineBl
the first husband, who waa 68 years old at
the time, returned, and the woman did not
hesitate to let him take his old place and
had a judicial separation from her second
husband, who perfectly understood that he
must give way to prior rights and withdrew. Frau Magdalene nursed the first
husband faithfully until he died a few years
ago, and Bhe never heard of her seconr1
husband again.
The Temptress.
"They say that stolen kisses are the
sweetest," he said, as they sat on the steps
looking at the moon.
"Indeed?" she said.
"Yes.    What do you think aboat.it?"
"Oh, I have no opinion at all, but it
seems to me, if I were a youug man, I
wouldn't be long in doubt as to whether
they were or not."
"I have a sure way ot getting mosquitoes
ont of a room," said the melancholy man at
the seaside boarding honse. " How doyeS
doit?" asked several people at ones, '' I go
put of doors myself," h<\ rcpliod. r-   THE   -
Okanagan Mining Review
Published weekly in the interests of the Southern Interior of British Columbia, in which are
situated the following mining camps: Fairview,
Boundary Creek, Rock Creek, Damp McKinney,
Granite Creek and the .Similkameen and Kettle
River ranching districts.
Subscription Price, $2.00 per annum, payable
in advance, cither yearly or half-yearly at the
option of the subscriber.
Advertising Rates sent on application.
Address all communications
The Okanagan Mining Review
Okanagan Falls, B. C.
While our columns aro always open for the
discussion of any relevant subjects, we do not
necessarily endorse the opinions of contributors.
Anonymous lotters will not be published.
"Silver will never come back. There
was a time when silver was worth
ninety-odd cents an ounce: now it is
worth between fifty and sixty cents.
Silver miners are hopeless in the United States of producing the metal profitably and the mines are being closed,
hut in the Kootenay district of British
Columbia I feel certain, and everyone
conversant with the facts feels certain,
that silver can he produced at thirty
cents an ounce, and heaps of it. If this
he the casts why do the silver agitators
endeavour to disturb the United States
by fixing a silver standard enormously
higher than the cost of production?
When you mix silver and money you
make the silver question difficult by
importing the financial phase of it.
If you mix money and wheat in the
same proportion the wheat question
becomes as difficult of solution. Wheat
will never come back to a dollar a
bushel; seventy-five cents will be a good
price. Silver will never come back;
it won't lie many months before forty
cents will be a good price for what is
now  contained  in  a   Yankee   silver
*   *   «
What we must not forget is that the
world is being re-created; old things
are passing away. Street railway fare
spme day will he two cents instead of
four or five. In Winnipeg ro-day you
can buy twelve tickets for a quarter on
the horse cars. Railway fares will be
cheaper. All things must come down,
»nd gold itself would come down if it
■were not the standard of value. Even
if it were discovered in enormous quantities and mined at astonishingly cheap
^ates as silver can be mined nowadays,
it' would remain the standard and
regulate values. We must not forget
in our calculations that old standards
of value, except the one of gold always
regulating values, have ceased to be
useful, that aa standards they are no
longer in existence,—Don, in Saturday
Kiafct j ,     ~ •
?      x- -r- i
The sitting of County Court at Fair-
view which had been postponed from
time to time to the no small disgust of
those who had cases coming up for adjudication, was held on Friday and
Saturday of last week before His Honor
Judg;> Spink*. The docket was not
particularly large, but as some of the
cases involved questions effecting the
welfare of miners, the event was looked
forward to with a great deal of interest.
Nicholson vs. Dalrymple was a case
in which the ownership of a mineral
claim was involved. Defendant was in
possession of the claim, but as the
corner stakes marking the claim were
not of the regulation size, four inches
square, the plaintiff who had jumped
the claim in his wife's name was given
the property ou this technicality. The
case, it is expected, will he appealed,
and a court of equity may reverse the
Di ctz vs. Cameron, was an action to
reco/er for loss which he had sustained
in connection with the estate of Stronek,
deceased. The case is a somewhat
mixed up affair and has been hanging
on in the courts for over a year. Judgment was given for the defence.
Thompson vs. Mankin, Judgment
for plaintiff for $135.
Kruger vs. Snodgrass. Judgment for
Thompson vs. Tburley. Leave was
granted to amend particulars, and the
caiie postponed till next sitting of the
COL. \,
Thurley _■?. Thompson non-suited.
Jim Grant was acquitted on the
charge of selling liquor to Indians,
there not being sufficient evidence.
H. Mankin who was tried for threatening to shoot several miners, including his former partners in the old Battler mine, was acquitted for lack of
climatic conditions are perfect, you
have a rich soil and the soil at present
is very cheap.
In the surrounding tribes of Indians
will lie found an ample supply of pickers. The ground is all ready for the
plow and water can be had at a small
cost. We expect to produce hops at a
price between 6 and 7 cents a pound.
This is less than what it can be done
for on the Sound or at Yakima. The
first year the anticipated yield will be
700 pounds per acre; the second 2000
pounds; and the three following years
we hope by soientifli; cultivation to
have a crop of one and one-half tons
per acre. I fear no trouble from lice
here. Our poles will lie seven and one-
half feet long, with wire connections,
as now in vogue in the best modern
yards, and they will be set eight feet
We will, in irrigating, pump water
from the Okanagon river, and will use
the reservoir system of irrigation.
As to profits we have found it about
correct to figure the average price of
hops at 15c per pound; this would net
us here about 8c. or, at a yield of 2,000
pounds, $100 ppr acre. You see, if we
had our 1,000 in -res in full bearing we
would clear this year at the present
price of hops, about $250,000. Which is
alxmt as good as a gold mine, is it not?
And yet there is a time coming, not
far distant, either, when there will be
many hop yards in this section. It has
too many natural advantages to remain
in dormant condition long.
There is very little danger of an overproduction of hops. In England nearly
all of the yards have been in cultivation so long that the soil is entirely exhausted and many of the farmers are
ploughing up rather than use expensive methods of fertilizing. In New
York you will find the same conditions
existing. Of course the great advantage of Western yards is in their freshness and consequent larger yield, with
no comparative greater expense in
It has been reported throughout the
Okanagan and neighboring districts
that the Okanagan and Spallumcheen
Agricultural Society did not intend
holding their Annual Fall Fair at Vernon this year.
The Society wish it distinctly understood that the rumor is an idle one and
that the fair will be held as usual at
Vernon, Oct. 4th, 5th and 0th.
The President, Directors and mem-
ben of the Socieiy are doing their
utmost to make the exhibition a success,
anwi would a?k tho i^saistance of members and others in outlying districts to
have their exhibits sent in not later
than Tuesday, Oct. 3rd.
The prize list will be issued in n few
days. Donations and membership fees
are urgently solicited, Any particulars
can be obtained from Mr. A. J. Venn,
the Secretary of the Society.
English Growers to Plant 1000 Acres-
Laigest Yard in the World.
The following statement was made
by an English gentleman, who, from
business motives, wishes his name
withheld for the present:—
"I am here representing several old
hot; dealers of Kent, England who noticing tbe excellent quality of the bops
raised in this state, sent me out to look
over the country and see what inducements could be bud towards a yard.
After looking over the country and
studying the situation thoroughly, my
observations have led me to believe
that right here in this great Okanagun
basin a better quality of hops, and
cheaper, too, oan be raised than in any
other portion of the Northwest.   The
A school of mines will be opened at
Kingston, Ontario, about Oct 15th.
Cholera is epidemic in Europe, and a
few cases reported at Jersey City.
The S.S. Sarnia has arrived at London it tow of the Allan S.S. Montevideo.
. The advocates of free coinage of sil,
ver are letting the matter rest for the
The General opinion at Ottawa is
that A. W. Boss, M. P., will be the
next Lieut. Gov. of Manitoba.
Large numbers of immigrants are
said to have been evading the contract
labor law by entering the U. S. byway
of Canadian ports.
Two eminent French engineers have
de'darc-d the Sault St. Marie canal
to be a fine work and state that nothing
in Europe will surpass it.
Canada is wining the trade of the
West Indies from the U. S. on account
of the superior quality of her products
and more careful manner of shipping.
Hon. Mackenzie Bowell, is to visit
Australia to confer with the several
Governments regarding trade matters
between Canada and the Australian
Tile Irydi Homo Rule Bill has passed
its third vending in the British House
of Commons, the vote was, yeas 801—
nays 207. The House of Lords, however
rejected it by a vote of -111) to 41.
Intense indignation is expressed because of the Austrian army nianceuvers
being ordered. It is feared the cholera
will be spread as many of the troops
have been stationed in cholera districts
of Galioia.
The healthy condition of Canadian
finance and commerce is the subject of
comment here. Frequently references
are being made to the prosperity of the
Dominion as compared with the position of affairs in the United States and
Australia. And special reference is
made to the soundness of Canadian
A syndicate composed of J.B. Hag-gin,
John W. Mackay and Senator Jones of
Nevada, has about concluded arrangements for the purchase of all the gold
mines and interests in the Beauco mining district, in the province of Quebec.
These mines are located about
seventy-five miles north of the city of
Quebec, and are known as the Gilbert
River Gold mines.
Corner Alexander Street and
Westminster Ave.
General Founders, Engineers, Boiler Makers
and Manufacturers of All Classes
of Machinery.
Saw Mill and Murine Work a Specialty.
All Work Guaranteed.
Keep in Stock a Full Supply of Engineers' and
Mill Supplies, Pipo and Fittings, llran
Goods, Steam Killings, Etc.
Estimates for Boilers and Engines on Application,
Sole Manufacturers of the Kendall Hand MM
B.C. Shingle Machines. Steam Log llaiiliuu
Machines, Marion Steam Shovels, unproved
Winding Hoist, Rlvor and Harbor Dredge*,
King Ditching Machines, Wrecking Machines,
Ballast L'uloadei'K, etc.
gouts for  Ottuma  Mining  Hoist, Electric
jk Drill, and Roovo's Wood Split Pulleys.
Mail Orders Recoive Prompt Attention.
J. E. W. Macfaulane, Manager
J. W. Campion, Sec.-Treas.
Manufacturer of
Of Every Description
Okanagan Falls, B.>C.
■ — r—    w—
Advertisements uuder the heads of Lost, Found,
For Sale or To Let and Situations Wanted
will bo inserted at the rate of one cent a
word each insertion. Payment always in
advance. No advertisement received for
less than twenty-five cents.
iaf ANTED-Advertisers to use the columns
VV of 'he Mining Kkview to extend their
trade in the Southern Interior of B. C. I
WANTED — Subscribers   to   the   Mining
Rkvikw at ?2.00 per year, or $1 for six
months, in advance. 1
Main Stkket
Fine Fishing and Shooting.
Comfortable Rooms.
Good Table.
Nothing in business pays bettor;
but there is very little of it, and it
pays all tho better on that account.
What wo mean by good printing iu
such as befits your business; neither
above nor below it; not mean in any
way, nor extravagant; but businesslike ; proper; corrot.
. It costs no more than Inferior work,
and you arc benefited by the favorable
impression which the use of neat and
cleanly printed office stationery makes
on those with whom you deal.
The little extra attention required
on our part to turn out a good close of
work is compensated for by gaining
and retaining your custom.
The Okanagan
Mining Review
Okanagan Falls
British Columbia
Review . .
.   .   $2 PER YEAR
#    PACIFIC . .
Speed,  Safety,  Economy  of
Time and Money!
Daily Through Express Trains
Coast Poixxts
To Toronto, Montreal,  Hamilton,
Ottawa,   Halifax,   Portland,
New York, Boston, Chicago
and St.   Paul.
Passengers Booked To and From All
European Points.
Fur time-tables, rates, and full Information
apply to
District l'ass. Agent, Vancouver.
Dining Hall
J. J. FOBD, Proprietor
First-Class Table
Single Meals 80o.
Board per Week K00
Main Street, . . Okanagan FaJs
In Connection
O. X». XL.
Shortest Route to Spokane Falls,
Seattle, or any point
East or West
Btago lcavos Loomiston at 12 noon Tuesdays,
Thursdays and Saturdays.
Stago arrives at. LoomiHton at 10 a.m. Mondays,
Wednesdays and Fridays.
fitago leaves Oro at 7 a.m. Mondays, Wednesdays and Fridays, arriving ut l'onticton at 6 p.m.
Stage leaves Penticton at 7 a.m. Tuesdays,
Thursdays and Saturdays, arriving at Oro at
6 p.m.
Makes connoctlonii at Pen(ioton with V. P. R.
streamer Aberdeen and trains to all points.
For further particulars apply lo
i   „       „ „   „ Manager, Oro, Wn.
Or Geo. McL. Biiown,
Dist. Pass. Agent, C.P.R., Vancouver.
A New City possessed of a Wonderful
Combination of Advantages.
It is the natural Distributing. Point for the whole
of the Lower Okanagan Valley and the
famons Kettle River eonntry.
INCE the announcement was made that a new City bearing the name of Okanagan Falls, had started into life
there have been numerous enquiries bearing on the subject. It has for some time been a sine qua nOn that a
city of importance must spring up somewhere in the Okanagan
country, which for several years past has been attracting the
attention of capitalists, not only on this continent but in Great
Britain as well. Its combination of resources so richly aggregated, comprising mining, grazing, fruit-growing, etc., must of
necessity evolve a city in its midst, which will be one of the
centres of the Province. This is just as certain as-the fact that ^.
at the terminus of the C.P.R. on the Pacific coast there was
bound to be a sea-port city of importance. The question of
location is to be decided by the conditions most favorable to
urban growth. These conditions, as will be shown in answer
to some of the numerous received, are all comprised in the
situation of Okanagan Falls.
One question asked is, " Where and what is Okanagan
Falls?" In refily, it is the nucleus of a city, the prospects of
which are not surpassed by any other on the Pacific coast;
situated at the foot of Dog lake, in the famous Okanagan valley, B.C. Had the conditions for a prosperous and populous
city been especially stipulated and ordered as the work of nature,
tKey could not have combined more favorably to produce success. The first and most natural question to arise in the mind
of any common-sense man is, " What is there to make a City
at Okanagan Falls?" Unless such a question is fully and fairly
answered, any person endeavoring to place in the market town-
site property, backed up with glittering promises of a rich
retnrn, may fairly be regarded with suspicion and distrust.
Readers are requested to carefully consider the reasons here
advanced in support of the strong faith the promoters have in
the future of Okanagan Falls.
In the first place, Okanagan Falls is likely to be the
terminus, of the Canadian Pacific & Okanagan Steamboat line; it is in the line of the only possible pass which
can be utilized by the C.P.R. south of the present line, or, in
other words, via the Crow's Nest Pass route to the Pacific
Coast; it is the proposed terminus of the Spokane & Northern
Railway, and of the Okanagan & Osooyos Railway, to connect
with the Great Northern at the boundary. It will be preeminently a railway and mining centre. 1
It is the natural outlet for the greatest gold mining region
on the continent, a country which also possesses immensely
rich deposits of silver, lead, coal, platinum, iron, etc. For
proof of this, see Dr. Dawson's reports and the annual reports
of the Minister of Mines.
In the next place, it is being built by the side of a magnificent waterfall, capable of generating a horse-power of between 50,000 and 100,000 at a very low cost, sufficient to
operate all the mining machinery, reduction works, tramways,
sawmills and other industries in it or in the country surrounding it. Being easy of access and having unexcelled transpor- '
tation facilities in prospect, Okanagan Falls will naturally attract
all the industries referred to which the country will demand.
The country also abounds in Coal and Wood.
General Agents
605 Hastings Street, -Vancouver, B.C.


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