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Okanagan Mining Review Nov 4, 1893

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& ^ey-LU^ ^ Ptu. ^-~* olk_ujl fastest - <*_* j^ c
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JBl AJPI Avjr A IN
• Vol. I, No. 11.
OKANAGAN FALLS, BRITISH COLt
Batik of British Columbia
$3,000,000
1
Incorporated by Royal Charter. 18C2.
Capital paid u»     ....... £600,000
*    ■' WITH l'QWEH TO 1S0BBA8K.
He-serve Fund      .........     £260,000      $1,300,000
.tl Office: 6o Lombard Street, LONDON,  ENGLAND
IN ',..:! i-SM COLUMBIA \~ TBK UNITED STATES
Viotorla, Vanoouver, New Westminster San Francisco, Portland,
Hanaimo, Kafliloepc, Kelson (Kootenay Lake.) Seattle and Tacoma.
AOKNTM ANU C0KRE81-OSDENTB IN -CANADA AND THE UNITED STATES '•
Bank of Montreal, Canadian Hunk ot Commerce, Imperial Bank of Canada; Bank of
Montreal, Now York and Chicago.
Telegraphic Transfers nnd B omittances to and from all points can be made through this
Hank at current rates.   Collections carefully attended to and every description of banking buui-
neM transacted.      Gold llust purchased.
» * ^>f \'.' •■'» \i* i_\______ «.VaV *-V.KC>V.>''» *■'* ^Ml» _\\__lt *"**
■■•i
*»
W. T. Thompson
Close Prices For Cash
Dealer in.
General Merchandise I
#
§
Everything Required in a Mining Camp
\WAJBBi V X3ETW,
f
f
m
elOItuLJaL-fci.ata.gr
3E»aa,srfcx<oas
Green,, Worlock & Co.,
timwm to GARESCHE, &BEEN & CO.,
Govern Went Street, Victoria, B.C.
lEstablished 1873.] ...    .
Denoslts roocived in fluid, Silver and U.S. currency.   Interest paid on the same on time
.' ■lieTSits.   Gold dutit and C.S. curroncy purchased at highest market rates.
Sight drafts and telezraphto transfers issued, payable at over 10,000 cities in Canada., the
- iiited States, Europe, Mexico and China.
tixchAcaseon London, available in all parts of Europe, England, Ireland and Scotland. Letters
-.i' iVotUt issued on the principal cities of the United States, Canada bud Europe.
;33.ts   fos<  "WcX-Um,   fiii-B'O  _\c   do.
•*mp
&A jf-HM3.KS.VT I. - .      i
^ 5».   w.   iac ABT, >.
Wholesale and Retail Dealer in, and Importer and Manufacturer of
[ESTABLISHED 1686.
Should write for
accommodation
at	
Hotel •
Pentictoi
Fine Fishing and
Shooting in the
vicinity....
IJRNITURE
The li
i    hi,
The largest establishment of Its kind on tho mainland of British Columbia.
A full lino of Carpets, Square Rugs, Mats, etc
Ing CAIII'KTHOUSEin the City,
,iuo!  '
id'i'.T  lint isk in tnc iai.y.   ft luiiuncor i;nrpeiH, square tuiga.mu
n and Floor Cloths, as well as House Furnishings of every description.
UNIil ItTAKING IN ALL ITS BRANCHES.       STOCK COMPLETE.
1)0x2.)
21 & 23 Cordova Street, VANCOUVER, B.G.
amilton  Powder Co'y
Ok Montreal.
Incorporated 1881.
Manufacturers of Dynamite, Blasting and Sporting Powder.
Wholesale Dealers in Safety Fuse, Detonators and Electric; Blasting Apparatus.
Victoria, B. 0.
Nanaimo, B. 0.
-T.    ffOOVT
General Agent for British Columbia.
WEILER BROS.,
(EetabHehoa 18C2) .'    '« '
Crockoiy, Glassware, Wall Paper, Lamps, Cutlery, Agate Ware arid
Complcto House Furnishings.
Wi
Largest Stock In British Columbia. Write for Prices Of anything required.
-    -    VicrfcOJr-ia,   IB. CJ.
.,  i«.—,      ft      .'.>.»_.■■    ■■.I...-'.'.» 'j.j„ ■.'.'. .■I.?.
ax *,--■_> an
'.' xsiHa i~i■_._•<__!>&■_,
lime    >     MfW
IRON W9RKS
Mnnufacturors of
•'    .letting and Pumping Engines
puing m
RoHs and Ooncentratlng Macl
Copper and Lead Furnaces .     •
**
Only Stool and Iron Ship Builders on the Padfflfl -Coaat^J -
Murine Engines, Boilers and All ClausoMct Maj-ift* Wotk.     J*
at and Mission Streets
New York Ofrlec: 148 Broadway.
V   SAN FRANCISCO
;.«*• Cable Address, "Union."
NICHOLLES & RENOUF
-V$.*j-bo-_--_._%,   3B.O-.
Faraing. Implements. and. Mware
ALIOS IBBN WOBKS CO., LU,
■vio^osiMa,   a». o.
Manuf«ettirer« ot Hydraulic Pipe, Giants, and
FINING MACHINERY
in the City Dailies and the
Magazines for city orders,
but you will not get the
country trade through these
mediums.   -
tzr It requires the Local
53 Weeklies to reach the pocket-
cw. books of those people who
'"""   live,  and live  well,  too, in ,r,,.
the agricultural and mining ^y/
districts of tiie Province.
The
Okanagan
Mining
Review
ING
p^   111      ^
IT
IRDAY, NOVEMBER 4, 1893.
$2.00 pep Year.
GAMP FIRES
Wi.Klllinl of '58—Rock Creek
saM, then at!d Now.
Sdary city ajid fut.
1 Mitral Advantages For a Ppo-
f           sperous City.
Ppft ■
I tor The Minins Bsviev.
</Oo«m~v~zi ■ ':'($
rly as 18»k#ela^trie4. titer*
utte » .Wire iMiMlrtiltalpt, the
i** llocWfcwW i-tt«atMtM9i'iH'«-r !»T**ioa »» saw
imd<*liH<hMr>«ll»of *ow\l>rth« mf^tiwi
st4Mk ii*
:»«uMp«Miii
of tfiiiiisfcsompitto^eV
alirigit.   The fJrloe wu#«»c».
and its popMatiod vfArt out
if to thia new Eldoradsi, sten
i-keeper wtlor had ' drir>>« a
tttede  among   the   miners,
Ig the bar as it stood witk the
tho example of their white brethren
and taken brides from among the
dusky Siwashes .and are rearing a
sprightly progeny, which would go to
show that the fusion of Mongolian and
Siwash is sanctioned by procreative
laws. Of the old-time element among
the Chinese, Ah dee is the leading representative, as he has been mining on
Rock Creek for about 30 years. He
has lately sold his house and garden
and it is said is contemplating a return
to China.
Among the more recent attempts to
carry on mining on a lrtrge scale at this
pla* was that of the Laura Hydraulic
Mining Co., which  from 1888 to 1898
took out considerable gold from tftft
grave j, but their expenses being too
high tliey were forced to succtuuU ajjd
the property was sold by sheriff's sale
in November 1882.   Tho work dune by
this company consist^ in bite building
of a mile jftid a half of •winti and flic
Mil at the. mouth of
.machinery for which
iriT>to(w«i t  <P" £.» « «*■     'IV  t«ul
dhioiuit %xp«tided  by <•»-•» if said to
on  the  shelves to follow the' i w.hich have been washed over in search itni- relative distance from oilier centres.
The only .white man left was
Hovci-1'.i.-toiii.    vAooreelei',   J uliu   S.
i w hi i  had  to stick to his post,
id the liquid and solid resources
i whole town to enable him to
up his combat with dreary soli-
Some time after  this it is said
found in a delirious condition
i result of his enforced  solitude,
t grave up on the bank marks the
If this mournful iucident conuoct-
Ith the early settlement of Rock
pv the place, with the exception of
Bhites already mentioned, is occu-
Jl»y Chinese, though the Camerons,
and Doitgal, Donahue, Hilton,
j some  othere cortsidor  this their
IqitiU'Usrs when engaged in placer
ia  the creek,. A nuniber of
bese houses andv cabins are lined'
|g the river bank.   Some of them
i fine looking gardens and there
|two stores kept by Chinese.   Of
, one is owned by Thos. "Elliott, of
I'view, and run by a Chinaman
r Ah *wj.- Wk-tqib-*MtB sort of
resort for the Chinese of the whole
district.   Some of them have followed
was formerly owned by Louis Eholt,
and his was a ranch known all over
the country. The beauty of its location
on the bank of the Kettle River embracing a large flat with a background
of beautifully terraced benches surmounted by higher and more distant
mountains, and the abuudailk water
supply furnished by the Jtettls Uiver
and Boundary Creek, leaves nothing
farther to be desired, On it Mr.
Eholt coidd grow in profusion anything
in the way of grain, vegetables, roots,
etc. Tho ranch was bqught nearly *
year ago by Mr. IfelinerstcvX,« gentleman from Spokane, for <B*t., (Adjhin
of Montreal, who has had It kid out as
a townsite and registered awe'jeb. under
the same of Bonadary City, though it
Is possible that this mify yet. be changed
owing to the^M't that sever*) others of
tlie Kawe rmiriH have already been
(-egifc'teri'rt md Ac confnsii^ Arising
mitkt fSim rrrif llrn tlfn orVin rtnw of places
ninttes fe 4e*)rabtfe rtf-al, n»*lw» li^
chosoo,
Thf- fr.ct or * place  giving Ijeen
Pteke>i onV us* i»4itjt for ai town «ftt.lir-
heeii eybogt OBO.fW), and at the "i_y fnvitca htqulry as to it* claims to
«•«««, the11
nut %xMnd
•heriCe sale th^elaiy satA appurtenances were rMht'% Mejers. Had-
'digan, McCuaig>and tjt* OamCronn for
about $8Qa
A walk around the old place, and
over the  wide  beds of course  gravel
this distinction. lownVare supposed
to bo the result of certain natural
causes, eompiiliiig a centralization of
trafflo, Among these are the existence
of streams for water-supply, power,
etc., the configuration of the country.
is ttie'TicHt -rVieftiuin for reach- ^:
ing the peop)e«^f the. {South- lfi<
era . Interior or - llriUeh dot*
unibia. '' ' t'-I
W. PELLEW HARYEY
Analytical Chemist
And Assayer
GOLDEN,   -   -   -   BRITISH COLUMBIA
ASSAYING  RATES
(Tonns Cash in Advance)
Silfer, Gold or Lend, each ft fl
Silvor, Gold anil Load combined 3 Sn
Silver and Lead combined ,.., t_)
Silver, Gobi nnd Coppor 4 DO
Silver and Copper S fiO
Silver and Gold I 00
Assayer to the British Columbia Government
of all Specimens sunt from the
lYovinoo to
THE WORLD'S FAIR, CHIUAijp, UK.
Steamer Penticton
Leaves Penticton H»ery
Monday, Wednesday
and Friday
And Leaves Okanagan Laiad-
ing Every Tuesday, Thursday and Saturday.
/Br Through Freight, Rates to Ltfwer
Country Voints.
/tar For Freight and Passenger Rates
Apply to
fBOS. RULET. Cet^iin
of gold, is productive of  the  keenest j
interest,   for  fancy will   conjure  up I
scenes  enacted  in the  halcyon days
when flushed with luck and youthful j
hope men  patiently plied   their task
believing every minute that the next
panful would reveal thejr hope's quest.
"Perhaps Eonic friend of thirty years still lingers
here to raise
To Weary heariH and tired eyes tho beacon of
old days:
Perhaps —hut, stay; 'tin gone! and yet once
more it lifts as though
To meet our tardy blundering stops, and seems
to move, and lo I
While by us in a rush of sound—tho vanished
funeral pyro
Of hopes and tears tliat twenty years burnt in
tlie old camp fire."
Few though are left of those who in
the old days followed the route to Cariboo, and left the gravels of this point
for more patient miners in later years.
Jolly Jack Thornton near the mouth
of. Boundary Creek is one, and associated with him at that time may be
mentioned Okanagan Smith, Tom
Currie and Messrs. Myers, Nicholson
and Price, though some of these were
connected with later operations.
Leaving the mouth of. Rock Greek
the road follows 'ihe south bank of
Kettle River, post the ranches at
Inghram (late Thos. McMynn), Jno.
McCallum.'with Bubar across the river,
and John McDonald where it crosses by
a bridge, and from here follows the
north bank. Between here and the
mouth of Boundary Creek are some
good ranches among which may be
mentioned those of Mackay Inghram,
Jno. H. East, Jackson, J. J. McBride,
F. H. Black, Sullivan and W. H. Murray, which latter lies alongside of the
townsite of Boundary City, formerly
known as Eholt's ranch. All this
tract between Rock Creek and
Boundary Creek is known as "Boundary Flat." The soil is good atid with the
irrigation' from the Kettle River,
Itighram's Creek and other streams no
difficulty is experienced iu producing
fine crops.
The eastern terminus of Boundary
Flat is where Boundary Creek empties
into'the Kettle River from the north, i
Boundary Creek is a beautiful stream
which drains a large section of mountain country. The matchless put-fly of
its waters, as it tumbles in places ur<
rocky cataracts covered with bufts of
snowy foam from contact with numerous ja'gged rocks iii, the bud of the
stream,' or ,when confine*! between
WAlJs<>f/ro«lc narrowing it in to'one-
Jourtfi its w*ith it tushes forming past
to widen out itgain, always has a cooling and invigorating effect upon the
traveler wlio traversers the numerous
^•riilhualox; its banks or leading up the
Mtymtifin sides, boundary Ctvek it Is
cAih'ii because iby civ^luenaa-wiih the
Ksitle River occurs at a point almost
^h the iutarfkitional boundary Uri«4)#
twleu th* United Stetes ant Canada,
and .VthiVpomt *•»<£? Kettle River
takes a marked tWtmk to southward,
entering for the first time American
territory and giving Qpttie Col villi-
Reservation the benefits of this opportunity to obtain irrigation. The
physical harrier which oauaes this detour of the river is a similar desira on
tho part of Boundary Mountain to go
abroad for this too crosses the International boundary line, and any further progress east is to be made either
the actual certainty or probabflity, as
thf; cast- may be, of occupying an advantageous position in the aailway
systems of the country, and also
numerous local causes such, as the ex-
isteuce iu the near vicinity of mines,
quarries, coal lied?, etc. In most of
these particulars Boundary City shows
up very favorably indeed, though it is
quite possible that in some of them
there aro other places proposed that
have aiso very good reason to indulge
in tlie hope of Incoming in time important centre--;. The natural course
for the 7'ailway which will yet connect
this important locality with Spokant-
and other American points will undoubtedly be that along the banks of
tha Kettle River, and must pass
through this aiace m its way through
Boundary Flat.
(TO im CONTINUBI))
CITY ABa.VJCJSIJY.
SOMcrihe foe i
-Courts of Re*
beheld at Osoyoos on Nov. 16th, an*
Rock Greek on Nov. 20th.
County Court will be held at Fair*
view, Osoyoos and Rock Creek on Nov.
15th, 17th and 20th respectively.
Dr. Word, of Victoria, who arrived
on Tuesday intends to spend two or
three months hunting in this neighbor*
hood.   He Is staying nt Moloney's.
Messrs. Brumley and Wilkinson, of
Fairview, were here on Monday, and
expressed surprise at the size of the
city and of the hotel accomodation.
The selection of Mr. Leonard Morris
as successor to the late Moses Lumby
as Government Agent at Vernon is
received with much satisfaction here.
Major Clias. Conyugliam'.Ellis, R.E., ft
of Bengal, was in town on Monday. He
and hia  brother, Capt. Ellin, of the \
name arm, are on a visit to their bro-  '.
thel\, Mr. Thos. Ellis, J.P., Penticton.  \,
hy following the Kettle River through
American territory; or climbing this i
lgfly divide by the old Dewdney trail l
ot some of the more recen*,. ails out by !
lnincettrs between the various camps that |
dot the mountain.
BOUNDARY CITY.
The large wide tract of perfectly "level I
land at the mouth of Boundary Oieek I
Dr. Bell-Irving and his brother U. 0.
Bell-Irving, of the lato Jirm of Bell-
Irving & Paterson, of Vancouver, ar-
•f rived on Sunday for afewvjlays'shoot-
lJ ing and put up at Moloney^. They
left tin Friday having secured a fmd
specimen of u mountain ram and
several bucks. "Greek" rjullivan waa-
in charge ef tladr pwk troi*.
Mo»' Thompson reunited on Thursday afr«fcn«oii from Vernon, where he
hud 4'Xir to 1'iiili'i'Kh a surgical operation. Dr. Osborne Minrk did his week
iu a rni'si".'! !;• cUSnuti'T iuii»nuw Moso is
"fist up good tunc*;;" lit is hmd in
pi aisc of vie good folliS «»f V«ruiKi and
Miu»^i«,sH ilclntosl^'f t!*» Vernon
Hotel, Wtere be put u|) \Vhen sick, ait<4
of the "tniBisfriAg ungel" wlio attend-
od at his bedside.
Mr. H. C. Newman, of the Penticton
■te Oro stage line, 'was here on Wednesday to soe if tha now road was ready.
He was disappointed, however, to find
that work had been-suspended, and it
had been left unfinished, as he
considers this route better, especially
i ri winter time, t han the old one. Someone has blundered, and a whole season's work has been lust ii the road is
left in its present state.
Sir 3. .f. 0. Abbott is dead.
The Silver Repeal Bill passed the
.Senate by a vote of 43 to o2.
Carter Harrison, Mayor oi Chicago,
win; ossassi p." ted onOct. isth by Eugene
Patrick Predergaat, a disappointed
office seeker.
< The Scarlet Tunic.
Wora hj 'J__?Aa'a Northwest Mounted
Folios it is ths SfmbslofLaw aad
Order From the Red River to the
Ro'.cdes —A Semi-Military Orjaniza-
tioa Which Mai Won the Admiration
■vi the W^y.
By J- G. Creiijhton, in October Scribner's.
The Canadian Pacific Railway made such
UJexper.'ieil progress that in 18Su definite
plans could be made for the permanent
stations of the force, which was then raised
to a Jtreugth of sOO. Regina, the capital
of the territories, was chosen as headquarters, and Fort Walsh and Wood
Mountain wereabandoned, though the latter,
from its commanding situation, has since
been re-established as a permanent outpost-
Substantial barracks begun to replace the
original quarters that the troopers had
built for tlieniseWes of cotton-wood pickets,
roofed with poles and thatched with graaa
and clay. Comforts were provided in the
shape of libraries, recreation rooms, and
canteens for the supply of small luxuries and the beverago known froir, its authorised strength as " four percent, beer,"
and the Police seitleiWown to tlicir new
and ever-increasing oTities as a permanent
garrison. All seemed to be going well for
threo years, and then dma " the psychological moment" in the history of the Northwest.
HacA the warnings of the Police been heeded tha rebellion of the half-breeds under
Louis Kiel would have been impossible.
Tho actual outbreak found them re((|j', bin
though the strength at the northern posts
had bi in increased to'209, all deciai^action
depended *tan orders from Ottawa, 2,000
miles away. At a day's notice Colonel
Irvin*, with 4 officers and 86 men, all the
force available, left Regina, and marching
201 milea in seven days in the depth of a
Northwest winter, passed right through
the district held by the insurgents, outflanking them by his quicknesB and upsetting Riel's plans to seize Prince Albert, the
key ol the sitt:ition.    Twenty-four hours
all the posts undoubtedly checked a general I El Dorado, waifs and strays
rising of the Indians.    At  Macleod   in par- 'where   anil   of   every   calling
ticular, the tact   and personal  influence of   found in  the  ranks.    Tho
the   officer   in   command,   Major   Cotton I show many defaulters if no
aided   by    the     same   qualities     in   his
• former     chief,     Colonel     Macleod,    and
! backed up by the admirable conduct of tl.e
; rank and file, kept the   Blackfeet,  Bloods,
i and Piegans   from   disregarding the loyal
' counsels of old Crowfoot  and joining Riel. I and    many    are    universiff
I Had they done so, every Indian in the ter- I In   these   days   of   short
ritories would have risen,their friends from i charged   soldiers  are    glad
across the border would  have joined them, j Queen's   shilling   again,    so
been
to any   name but  his   own. I
and   still   may    be,   at    leas!
iu the   force;   several    of
entitled   to   more   than   t
mental number as a handle ;
and there would have been massacre and
rapine throughout the whole Noithwest.
Immediately after the outbreak the
strength of the Police was increased to
1,000, their present number. In 18SC Colonel Irvine resigned, and was succeeded by
the present commandant, Colonel Lawrence Herchmer. And now it is time to
say something of the composition and routine work of the force.
The Northwest Mounted Police, like
the Royal Irish Constabulary, on which
it was modelled, is, in the eye of the
law, a purely civil body; its officers are
magistrates, the men are constables.
Rut so far as circumstances will allow,
its organization, internal economy, and
drill are those of a cavalry regiment,
and when on active service in a military capacity, the officers have army
tt-iuk. The Queen's Regulations do not
apply to it,however, and discipline as strict
aa in the army, is enforced under a concise
and comprehensive enactment which provides a maximum penalty of a year's imprisonment and a fine of one mouth's pay.
teOTeh
leaving iCtoihe discretion of the ofii eers
to make the punishmen^ fit the crime.
Kven the sameOeOi's vievSnatuRlly nary,
and if this erovison were rtnMe a little r^ie
definite so that tbe^far^fcr, yhosa. military "crige con.swU lMeuttons insuf-
ficieiifl$ litniiishcd, or'fn rniscalculaTiou df
the* time availarhle to *e   liis- sweetheart<|ao  livnd-qu
home b«Jare^"lasr*,<jpst"   sounds,  mighL,t'
nieoe^ingrejsniiorrafnle, a grievance would! v
be cflmoved
ejsniforra&ie, a grievance would
.   IJaiUUVCUi^^ Dv-teeeue   eeee.e.  ibiiuou   ccue.ueee    ..nee
Tno'i'iairlwf the torce are managed by a' ia'''military sea*, and inciden
distinct depirtment of the Government at
Ottawa, uudejjthe political supervision of
one of the Cabinet Ministers, at present the
President of the Privy Council. Mr. Frederick White, formerly Siruohn Macdonald's
Secretary,   has  for  many years been   the
ONE OF TKE RIDERS.
were occupied in organizing the defences of
Pi ince Albert, and before daybreak Colonel
Irvine, hoping to quash the rising by a
prompt antf decided movement, was on the
way to reinforce Fort Carlton. Unfortunately, that very day Major Crozior had
Bent out a party to jocure provisions and
ammunition at Duck Lake from falling into
the insurgents' hands. Resistance was
made, and he went out himself, with, all
told, 99 Police and Prince Albert volunteers, and fell into a trap skilfully planned
by the rebels whom he had no reaBoa to
think were in force. They were between
3')0 and 400 strong, however, and almost
surroundtd him. Crozier's men made a
splendid stand, though fighting in deep
snow which made their one field-gun almost
useless, and with no bitter cover than
their sleighs, while the enemy were concealed in thick bush. After losing 12
killed and 12 wounded thee retired as
steadily and coolly as they had louglit
bringing off tlicir 'wounded and the
gun, and got back to Fort Carlton just
as Colonel Irvine arrived thero. It was
the only chock the Polioo have ever experienced.
That they would havo retrieved the situation by themselves no ono who knows them
has ever doubted, but thoy never had a
freo haii'i. < Mineral Middleton, the Imperial officer in command of the Canada militia,
was on his way to Winnipeg to direct a
campaign ; they were already placed under
his orders and "tho ceremonies of thu wars
iniiBt lie kept,"
" What aro tho Police doing';" was tho
question on every lip for anxious WMBI,
Their enforced inaction, and the consequent
loss of prestige trf&t hud ho often enabled u
handful of troopers to disperse liiindnieU
of armed warriors, emboldened whole bands
of Indiana to join tlie insuigents and heartened them to a determined resistauco thai
eost many brave lives to overcome* All
that was soon known ; but until the inner
history of that sharp little campaign is
written tho injustice and misrepresentation
will not be revealed which they were made
to bear that others might make sure of
reaping all the glory aud reward. It is
impossible even to outline here the cvevits
of 1885. Tlie recc Is "nd the gravos on the
prairie toll what tin. ,-olice did whenever
and wherever they got their chance. Their
indispensable and invaluable aid has been
frankly acknowledged by commanders in
whom selfishnessdid not mar personal bravery,and their soldier-comrades were the first
to testify that they did their full share, and
more, of marching, hard wok , and fighting. But no man in the force wears the
medal that decorates many a volunteer who
never was within ,'100 miles of tho front, and
saw all his active service at-the base of supplies or in the Home Guard of his own settlement. And why ? Let red-tapedoin
answer for itself : "The Mounted Polico
were doing their ordinary duty." A prouder distinction it would he hard to invent.
The duty done so w 11 was not confined
to those who were witk. the threo columns
in the field. Those le It behind had heavj
Korkand responsibility. The firm front
B^ocTj aid tho prcparr lions for defence at
Controller of the department, its permanent
civil head. The executive command is held
by an officer styled the Commissioner, and
ranking as lieutenant-colonel. The Assistant-Commissioner ranks with a major, and
after three years' service with a lieutenant-
colonel. Ten Superintendents, with captain's rank, command the divisions, with
about thirty-five Inspectors as Bub-
alterns, who correspond to lieutenants.
Paymaster's and quartermaster's duties
are done by the offiesrs of oaoh division,
and the Superintendent of the depot division acts as regimental adjutant; an inspector performing similar duty for each of the
individual divisions. The medical staff
consists ot a Surgeon, five assistant-Surgeons and two Veterinary Surgeons, the
small number of the latter being supplemented by veterinary staff-sergeants. The
non-commissioned officers are, ae in the
army, sergeant-majors, staff-sergeants of
various sorts, sergcatits, and corporals,
while the troopers aro called constables.
The officers' pay is not large. Tho Commissioner receives S'2,400 ; the Assistant-
CominisBioner, $1,000 ; the .Superintendents
and .Surgeon, 81,400; the Inspector $1,000
a yoar, with, of course, free quarters, rations, light, fuel, and forage, iiiu promotion is very slow, and these are thu rates of
twenty years ago when the force was small,
i Im duties far less imniorous anil exacting,
and the life far more attractive The men,
however, aro well paid, and without thu
vexatious deductions which in tho army
reduce Tommy Atltius's pocket-money
to a inure pittance. The noii-uoianiis-
aioned officers get from a dollar to a dollar
and a half a day ; thoeoiiBtalilos fifty cents
wilh an ii Idiii'iii of live c.-iiih ivrieii i-iu
ployed as clerks or artitioore. Hotaollicora
iiiiiiiicn Hie provided, w.ili liberal pensions
grimed acuordimf to length of service, and
attainable after ten years. Ratfrma^are of
excellent quality anil largo* quantity, and
< aa be supplemented Vary cheaply with
little luxaArieajfrajn tlia^ca^Mtn, which is
now a fcWur.q_of every division post. At
most place*!, e^ioeially in the north, there
is a fair supply of small game in the season.
The Niaflleod and Calgary districts abound
with find trout.
Tho rank aud file are not eurpa'ssed by
any picked corps in any service, A recruit
mint bo between twenty-two and torty-fivo
years old, of gocd character, able to read
and write English or French, active, well-
built, and of sound constitution. Ho is also
supposed to be able to ride, and a man who
knows something ot horses is preferred,but
these two requirements are broadly interpreted. The physique is very fine, the average of the whole thousand being five feet
nine and a half inches in height and thirty-
eight and a half inelies round the chest.
There has always been an unusual proportion of men of good family and education.
Lots of the young Englishmen who come
out to try their hand at farming in Manitoba, or ranching In Alberta, eventually
drift into the Police, as do also many
well-connected young Canadians. Farmers' sons from Onlario, clerks tired
of city li1"? and poor prospects, immigrants   v No   nave    not   found    their
won  in   England's   continual!
at the other end of the world j
usual,   end not a tew   officer^
borne Her Majesty's commissi*)
as simple troopers.    In the adv
fancy of the force these element
more numerous than nowadays!
an odd rencontre,has occurred i
who had  last met at the rness-i
crack regiment, in a swell Lond
an English country-house.    Thl
listment is five years, but many-|
' take on" again, especially sin
tablishment of the pension sy
charge may be obtained by pi
the small number allowed to
selves of this privilege, only thiji
and the long delay in getting m_\
often useless unless available
constitute a serious grievance and
suppressive cause of desertion. -
and monotony, especially to th
to work and discipline, proxii
border, the inducements ot hia
civilian life, and -droad of punii
some oirencelar-uiiprcmediatcd
trivial enough in anyone lm
frequently make deserters. 1S_
casually a -Bed ridgata-gf to tHeisl
whose gooiyecaid is liol spoiled j
■■'"■ ,ble b]"y)JfasTieep.   ' umm
tire   o^Swr
allowance,   thesil
,ers  *for   training!
re Is  tliMof  a .cavalry solj]
rid over, ^e  undergoes
ool that refined torture whiclff)
countless thousands following each other
3e j in single file, remain to tell of the bulfalo ;
Plii aud the great " fall hunt," in which the
sd halt-breeds laid up store of robes for "the
Company," is now a legend. The " Sun
Dance" is no longer a mystic rite to tear,
the would-be warrior's fortitude, but a
means of extracting a little money from
tourists, and the youthful Indian slaves at,
pothooks and hangers in the school at the
|is- Reserve. The glamour of the early days is
gone. Yet the endless prairie is never far
from the barrack-gate, and whether it be
bright and swset with Its summer carpet
of flowers, brown and bleak in spring unci
autumn, or blinding in brilliance of winter
whiteness, its deep silence, broken neither
by the cool breeze, sweet to man an.l horse
after the scorching heat of a summer-day,
nor by the deadly rush of the icy blizzard,
strikes deep into the soul.
(Tf  ini rasTiN'tmn.)
any
pen
|me
.or
f^n-
pen
-es-
Kth,
SIGHTS IN THE BANK OF ENGLAND-
able bladas
jer  f1Wri|
1th- o#al
'•Me?
1
lor
lid
pre
pes,
■much  of the peculiarities of
broncho. After a trial of Moun
drill, tho force has returned to
cavalry system, in  the simpler
of which  it  ia   thoroughly  exel
field-artillery  drill has  also to
Rifle and   revolver practice., m
dismounted,and instruction in p
complete the professional  train!
is   plenty to  do   in the   way
stables,   guard   mounting,   ordtfftfj
escorts, and " fatigues."   He alsoTsi
drive a transport waggon and bur
two vehicles constantly  in uae fi
travel—bo that  merely a» a sole
to master  the work  of all arms
vice, besides those of a police co:
The uniform is very like that
lish dragoon, the  full  dress  coj
scarlet tunic braided with yellov
breeches with a broad yellow s
the sfde, riding-boots and spurs
polished, and white helmet with
brass epike.    In undress, with h''
ting jacket, round  forage-cap
three hairs, and silver-mounled
swaggers down   the   street of
Northwestern torn,  thero is i
cavalry regiment in Her Majeet;
that can show a smarter trooper,
officers and  sergeants wear
rank and file are armed with
carbines und   Enfield revolvers,
ridges   for   which  are  carried
leathor bandoleerB   and   waist-bi
Policeman's kit is of excellent q
unusually   varied  in description!
many varieties  of climate and di
Diddrn- -uniformr trdibVril «up_
underclothing,.the usual toilet necessaries,
brushes and cleaning apparatut for himself
and his horse,  blankets  and bedding on a
liberal scale, and table necessaries, thore
are such items as fur cap, buckskin mitts,
moose-hide   moccasins,   and   long   woolen
stockings to wear with them, a waterproof
sheet, a rug, aud a red worsted tuque, the
picturesque   and   piratical-looking   winter
head-dress of the French  Canadian habitant.    A long blue cavalry cloak and cape
serve well enough at ordinary times, but
for out-door duty in  the bitter frost of the
Northwest a coat of black  Russian lambskin is the best substitute that has yet been
found for the old-time buffalo  coat, which
is now as scarco and valuable as one of its
original wearers.    Duck clothing iB provided for the not less trying summer heat, and
stout pea-jackets for spring and autumn.
On patrol and at the outposts the cowboy's
comfortablo felt hat is a frequent substitute
for tho stiff liolmetandshadolcss forage cap.
Experienced   officers   advoca-.e a " prairie
suit" of neutral color, keeping the pre3ont
uniform tor parade use ; anil  now that the
red-coat has served its purpose so effectually
it might well make way for the more'suit-
able working dress. ,
The Depot Division and another of the
ten into which the force ia divided, about
two hundred strong, are stationed at headquarters, three milea from Regina, and
form a little prairie town of themselves on
the banks of the Wascana. Tim English
of this euphonious nime, which hardly
compensates for absence of water in Bummer and intense inuddiness at all soasons,
is Pile-of-Bones Creek, so called from
tho stacks of buffalo bones once upon a
lime stored there to lie carried away by
rail and converted into fertilizer!, SO that
Kisturu cattle in their turn might benefit
by the einmouts of tho rich prairie grasses.
The barracks, a number of wooden buildings—many of them merely portable houses
-■•grouped round a prairie-ground, do not
miku an imposing display of architecture.
On one siele tlto officers' quarters form a
low of dotached oottagm i barrack-rooms,
sergeants' quarters, orderly-room, guard-
Inflli.o, prison, canteen, recreatioii-roonis,
stables, .Mid storn-lfiuses complete tho
square, and the UneYi .Jack (lies from a
llugstalf ovorall. Outside are the hospital,
moro storehouses, a Uno riding-school, and
a small cluster of married men's quarters,
nut. .-yedeSfk is. an insi itulion jiot favored
by the authorities. All round is the opsn
prairie, reaching to the horizonStn long uh-
dulatious unbroken except by Government
House near by. the distant roofs of Regina,
and ths straight line of the Canadian P»;ii-
fb Railway to the north. The aspect is
peculiarly bare, even in summer when the
rough clay soil, in which tress will not
grow, yields its abundant harvest of
wheat.
The other Divisional Posts, scattered as
they are through such an extent of country,
vary much in situation and local color,
but all have tho same family likeness.
Times have changed mush since the Police
first came into tho Great Lone Land.
Towns and villages and farm-houses stand
where only the tepees of passing Indians
Iroke the horizon line. Wagon trails sear
the plains with broad brown bands, but
the creaking " bull train," drawn by long
teams of oxen, wincing under the resounding crack of long whips plied by wild-
lookinR drivers volleying strange oaths
from under the canvas-t'jps of I ho " prairie
schooners" that slowly dragged out mile
after milo, is almost extinct. Only blanched skulls  and  the deep furrows worn by
Mnrvd-li-Hnly   Dollcnte   Instruments    Tor
Wcljjlilnst Coin—Printing oM'im-cucy.
One of the firat objects of interest upon
entering the Hank of England building is
the bullion office, where all the gold and
silver that enters or leaves the bank passes
through to be checked. On the right is tho
gold ; on tho left the silver. The prominent feature of the room is tho " grand
balance," or scales, constructed by the
Messrs. Napier. This marvelous instrument is a ponderous and peculiary built
weighing machine, standing nearly seven
feet high and weighing about two toiiB.
The wholo is under a hugo glass case, ao-'
oess bciDg gained thereto by a sliding panel
The scale is worked by hydraulic power,
and is the most sensitive weighing majhine
in exiatence. On each side the scales are
fitted with weights amounting to 400
ounces. The gold is mado up iu 400 ounce
bars, and the difference of one-thousandth
part of an ounce can be detected. Hy a
manipulation of the machine, so tiny a
thing as a postage stamp can be weighed,
y ifor on the same being placed upon the
r | Bcale the index will jump a distance of no
less than six inches, it is the only balance
of its kind in the world, and cost about
010,000. The silver scale is not so finely
balanced, and the two are respectively
christened " The Lord Chief Justice" and
the " Lord High Chancellor." In another
room are several
MACHINES FOR. WEIGHINO _ _^^^
sovereigns and half sovereigns. Each machine consiats of a complicated system of
counter weights, and it is not unlike a oew-
ing machine as to its lower half, the whole
being completely enclosed in glass. A long
tepdor, like a tube cut in half down its
length, and made of brass, is set at an angle
of forty-five degrees, and is filled with a
long roll of sovereigns. These turn as they
slip down on the circular movable plate,
slightly larger than a soverign. If the coin
is of the right weight it slips down a metal
tube into a till below. Should, however,
it prove to be lighter than tho standard the
delicate machine turns to the left and condemns it to the guillotine. These machines
weigh coins at the rate of twenty-six per
minute, and a day's weighing at the bank
amounts to about §500,000. Another interesting feature is to be found in the vaults
containing the defunct paperjarcutation of
the bank. Some idea can-toe gained of the
quantity when we say that they are over
77,000,000 in numberjand that they fill 1400
boxes, which if placfed sid9 by side would
reach two and a halff miles. If the notes
were placed in a pile they.wquld reach a
"iBigrix of five and alialf miles; or if joined
end to end, would', form a ribbon 12,455
miles long. Their/superficial extent is
little Iobs than Hyda Park , their original
value was over £1,750,000,000 and their
weight exceeds ninety and a half tons.
Amongst them ia a note for £1,000,000, also
tho first bank noto over issued (one for
£500), and another for £250 left at the bank
for 111 years, whoso accumulated interest
raised its value to £00,000. The printing
of
THE EXISTIKO PAPER ClIHBENaV
is an interesting prooeas. The notes are
struck off two at a time on hand-made pa-
per,which,upon being cut.gives three rough
edges and one smooth edge to each piece of
paper—a distinguished feature oi a bank of
England note. The paper iB manufactured
at the bank's own mill, and the production
of it is entrusted entirely to the members of
one family. The ink used in printing the
notes is made from the charred stem of the
Rhenish vine, which is believed to produoe
the richest black of any ink in the world.
Each atrip of paper haa to be strictly accounted/or, the whole process being under
effective supervision. The bank can boast
of possessing tho wealthiest room in the
world, in the shape of a kind of vault surrounded from floor to ceiling by iron safes
containing rows upon rows of gold coin in
baga of $10,000 each and pile upon pile of
bank notes. The amodnt of specie contained ia not less than £80,000,000 sterling.
Not the least interesting feature in connection with tho bank is the fact that the
whole system from beginning to end is under
constant police espionage, in addition to
military protection, and the electrio arrangements are so complete that communication with all parts of tho building can bo
affected at a moment's notice.
AS BIG A3 A WAR SHIP-
Hiijwlflcenee or iiie Herman   Emperor's
Yell! UoheusollertL.
The Iloheiizollern is a magnificent vessel,
and looks more like a cruiser than a yacht.
She is built ol steel, painted white aril propelled by   twin screws,   connected  with a
i double t-et u! engines.    Her average  speed
I IS nineteen  knots an hour, and,  according
i to the London Queen, this can be increased
I to over t^tatTty   kntjts in the  hour.    The
j Bohenzofce'rn has' two wheels,   one at the
stern, the other near the  bow, the latter
I worked by steam, the former'by man power
I both being painted  white  and gold,   With
I nickel spokes.    The yacht is  armed  with
ei^ht quick firing Krupp guns, and,  with
her graceful outlines, sits high in tho-water
Sho has three masts mid two tunnels, painted yellow,   ihe  gilded   imperial German
crown on ihe prow, and the  Hohenzoliern
coat of arms iu black and silver,  surrounded by a laurel v/reath,   on the stern. _  The
deck is covered with linoleum, and over a
large part there is an awning where, in fine
weather, the emperor has luncheon and tea
parties.    In the lore part of the vessel is a
bridge reserved for the emperor.    It   is approached by a mahogany  stairway and has
mahogany railings.
The emperor'ii apartments on the middle
deck amidships are on the port side, those
of the empress and her children on the
starboard side. Wainscoting, doors, and
staircases, as well as other fitting" and
furniture, are of very light-colored, almost
whito, maple wood ; the ceilings white,
pickod out with geld; tho rococo chimneys of nickel, and the Walla covered with
cretonne, varying in pattern in tho various
apartments. The lofty and spacious dining
saloon on tho middle deck is 25 feet broad
by 75 feet long, and by an ingenious arrangement of portieres can be made of any
size tho emperor pleases. It is unphol-
steiud in grey and white, and like the
wholo of the vessel, lighted by electricity
and warmed by steam pipes. On the center table stands the queen's cup, won by
the Meteor at the recent royal yacht
squadron repatta at Cowes ; and on another
table the County Down cup, won by the
Meteor at the royal Ulster regatta in 18U2.
Above this saloon is the promenade deck,
with tho smoking-room on one end and the
emperor's bridge on the other, The
smoking-room is very comfortable, furnished and lined with porcelain plaques, ou
which illustrations of German battles by
sea and land are painted. On the upper
deck is one of tne emperor's working-rooms,
furnished with a telephone. Hanging on
the wall is the log book and on a shelf are
Borne nautical books. Another workroom
and a conference-room are on the middle
deck, their walls being decorated with
water-color sketches and photographs of
the queen, the Empress of Germany and
her children.
The rialoon,intended for family gatherings,
is decorated in blue and silver and fitted
with furnituro of maple and a fireplace of
marble and nickel. The empress' bedroom
contains a bedstead of nickel, with a counterpane of red silk and hangings of gray
satin. Adjoining the emperor's rooms aft
are the apartments and the messroom of
the imperial suite, while the officers' mess-
room and cabins, fitted up with oak furniture, are situated forward. Ihe kitchens
on the deok below are splendidly fitted up.
The Hohenzoliern is 110 meters long, with
14 meters beam, her tonnage 2,400, displacement 4,200 tons and power 20,000.
BRI0K MAKING-
j
Old
Thinking for His Master-
An old gentleman who was very absent •
mindod, often had toringforhlsservontaiiJ
say : " Thomas 1 anvloosing for something,
and now I can't remember what it is."
And thou Thomas would suggest, "Your
purse, sir I or spectacles ? or cheque-book?"
anil >o ou, Un!# the old gentleman would
say at Inst : " Of course, that's it. Thank
you, Thomas."
One night tho Did gentleman had gone to
his room and all were in bed when Thomas
was startled by hea'iiig his maiterje bad-
roim bell,
lie rushed upstairs and threw open the
door.
•t" Thomas," said tho old gentleman, " I
came up here for something and now I can't
remember what it was."
" Wasn't it to go to bed, sir 1"
" Of oourse," said the old gentleman; "so
it was. Thank you, Thomas."
Brashin; Clothw-
A man who always looks well with but a
limited wardrobe says : The fineat clothing
in the world won't make a man look well if
his collar or cuffs are soiled.
On the other hand, if tho linen is clean
and fresh, if tho clothes are well brushed
and if there is a lloner in the button-hole
one always looks presentable. But whisk
brooms simply ruin clothes : you should
have a good bristle bruah, not too stiff.
Then brush as ofton and as much as you
like, and your clotnes »ill look the belter
and wear the better for it. This is of
especial interest to women because they
have to look out for tho stock of clean
linen and to often apply the clothes
brush.
An Inilnsrty  That la  Almost
History.
The art of making bricks is almost as old
as the history oi civilization, the most
ancient records bearing mention of the industry, showing it to be older than any
other branch of pottery. It appears that
the early inhabitants of Babylon, descendants ot the sona of Noah, were the first
clay-workers of whom we have authentic
knowledge, for in 2247 B. C. (Genesis xi.,
3-4) they used the o'ay or mud which was
found on the plain of the land of Shinar
and formed bricks therefrom, which were
thoroughly burned and then used in the exterior construction of the walls and mounds
of Babylon, the largest of these mounds, it
is supposed, being the tower of Babel. The
mortar or slime used as a binding material
for the bricks was probably the semi-fluid
bitumen found in the stoneless valleys of
Euphrates and Tigris. The interior of
the mounds was tilled with unburnt or sun-
dried bricks partly laid In clay and bonded,
every five or six courses, with layers of
reeds and partly laid in very tough lime
mortar. *
Many ancient Egyptian buildings and
pyramids, nude ia a similar manner of
sun-dried bricks or adobes, are still standing in a good stato of preservation, the
pyramid of Howara, ten leagues from
Cairo, being a nobble example. The manufacture of brick seems to have been an
important industry with the Egyptians and
the enslaved Israelites, for it ia frequently
mentioned in the Old Testament, in connection wiMi their history, one of the principal occupations of the slavoa being the
making of sr.n-dried bricks, in which grass
or straw and stubble were intimately mixed
wilh tho clay to bind the mass firmly together. Tho brioks made in Nineveh wore
usually sun-dried, measuring from six to
sixteen ineheajhieh, while the Babylonian
bricks were iroro frequently burned in a
kiln and were about thirteen inches square
by threo inches thick. In addition to
those, there wera triangular bricks for corn-
eraof walls, and wedge-shaped bricks for
ar*os: They were also variously colored,
inottly red, yellow or blue, though groon,
buiok and white bricks wore not uncommon.
Manjr, notably all those made during the
reign of Nebuchadnezzar, bad his name
stamped theroon. Evidences of tho per
monency of oolor of these bricks and of the
inscriiJtions on somortro constantly being
found in the ruins of Babylon. Many that
havo been gathered are coated with a thick
enamel or glaze. The dry, warm atmos
phore and the preaerving climate of Egypt,
Assyria and Babylon have probably been
nibre conducive to kooping these sun-dried
brickain a state of preservation for over
3,000 yoars thau the great perfection attained in the making of thorn, although tho
ancients devoted an abundance of timo to
their arts.
Sun-baked bricka of ancient date havo
been lound In tho mud wall of old towns
of India and ,Iava, while the Chinese have
for ages made excellent bricks, usually of
a slaty-blue color, lo 8ome of which they
givo a glazed surface, like porcelain. The
great wall of China, built in 211 B. C, waa
constructed of burnt and unburnt bricks.—
[Cassier's Magazine.
Among the degenerate Romans from A.D.
100 to A.D. 500 titles were graded with
almost mathematical exactness, and men
of different social rank insisted on being
addressed aa Illustres, Spectabiles, Claris-
simi, Perfectissimi, Egregii, and so on,
according to their position.
MISCELLANEOUS ITEMS-
The first American counterfeiter, so far
as known, was one William Buol, of Vermont.
The Aztaes filled quills with gold dust,
sealed them and passed them fiom hand to
hand as'coin.
The tao, or knife coins, of China, made
current B.C. 2453, were of irca, in the
shape of daggers.
The Swiss postoifice-.conveys anything
from a postal card to 'bSfrrels of wine,
scythes und bundlis of old iron.
Chinese burglars wear not a scrap ol
clothing and artfully braid their pigtaill
full of fish hooks for obvious reasons.
There are at the present moment t'.even
pretenders to the various thrones iii El/Tope
trying to make good their claims.
■ The Honorable Artillery company of the
City of London, which dates from the time
of Henry VII., is the oldest volunteer corpi
in England.
Augustus was not the public benefactor he
is represented. He was the most, exacting
tax collector the Roman world had up U
his time over seen.
Columbus did not foretell an eclipse of the
moon to frighten the natives of Jamaica
into rendering him assistance. There was
no eclipae of the moon at that lime.
The desideratum of printing photograph8
on marble has now been realized to such a
degree a8 to insure a genuine artistic result,
and this by a process both simplu and
economical.
A suit over the burglary of J! 1 in the
court at Centerville, N.Y., has already
cost tho county and the several parlies in
the suit over a hundred tunes the amount
of the original loss.
A church at Fostona, Ohio, has decided
to purchase 400 little wino glaaaes.that each
communicant may receive the wine out of
a glass no other person has used, in ordei
to avoid microbes.
Alexander the Great did not weop for
other worlds to conquer. There is reason to
suspect that his army met with a serious
rcverso in India, a fact that induced hira t«
retrace his steps.
The immense burning glasses wi^h which
Archimedes burned the ships of the besiegers of Syiacuse at ten miles distance were
never manufactured, and it is now known
that they eould not be.
A Montana man has just completed anf
applied for a patent on an automatic ma
chine that bids fair to revolutionize the cut*
ting of precious stones. This machine can
do the work of at least twelve men.
The existence of the Colo3sua of Rhodes
is considered by some historians as extremely doubtful. There is no evidonee
that the ancients were able to cast pieces
of metal of such size as must havo entered
into its composition.
Some tribes of North American Indians
punished matricides by hanging them by
their hands to the limbs of a tree, at a
height just sufficient to permit the wolves
to reach them from the ground. They were
left to be eaten alive.
A four lined silver fork bearing the
name of the old steamboat S.B. Bayard,
which went out of service twenty yeara
ago, was found in the stomach of a forty-
pound catfish hauled out of the Missouri at
Louisiana, Mo., a few days ago. Where
tho folk has been for twenty years.andhow
long it has been serving as ballast in tht
cattish, are matters which havo been submitted to the river foVk for disousaion.  k-
It ia not for the tickling of the palate but
for drunkenness that the average western
Indian seeks firewater, and the worst drink
that would produce a wilder jag he would
rather have than the finest Bourbon. About
Tokoa, Wash., the sale of whiskey to Indians being forbidden, the red men buy an.l
eagerly drink lemon extract and Bimila*
preparations, which.being largely composed
of alcohol, have a much more vivid effect
than whisky.
Several prominent sportsmen of Brazoria
and Matagorda counties, Texas, are abovt
to organize an association for the protection
of alligators—an odd sort of game protection
—which they believe will bring a good.
financial return. Hundreds of young alligators are shot every month oi the warm
season by people who are desirous to kill
something and do not know or care for tho
value of alligator skins and teeth. There
arc now several alligator farms in Texas,
which are regarded as ^ood investments,
for, besides devouring the carrion that
makes the wator injurious to stock, the
alligators clear It of the gars that are so
destructive to black baas and the fish tha
southerners call " trout."
The ticket agent and telegraph operator
atone of the stations on the Adirondack Railway has an unquenchable horror of travel in
any way save on foot. He fears that horses
will bolt and that engines will jump the
track, and the perils of navigation nothing
would induce him to encounter. When
business calls him to Saratoga—so far the
limit of his journeyings since birth—he bids
his family a solemn farewell, and rejoices
greatly on a safe return. He is a well read,
thoroughly sensible man, lint try as he will
he cannot overcome his Bread of all forma
of rapid transit.
An admirer of Jonti Greenleaf Whittier
has gone through his poems stanza by stanza
in order to ascertain what (lowera are mentioned by him. She lound forty-nine, as
follows : A/.aloa, aster, amaranth, asphodel,
brier rose, buttorcup, crocus, clothrallower,
cardinal Mower, daffodil, dogwood, elgan-
tine,fern, gentian, goldenrod, harebell, heliotrope, honeysuckle, hcathcrboll, jasmine,
loouit, lily, llloeverlasting, lotos blossom,
lilac, Mayflower, mignonette, myrtle, magnolia blossom, nightshade, orange blossom,
orchis, pansy, pink, passion flower, palm,
primrose, poppy, rose, rexia, sumach, swoet
clover, starmist, starllower, sunflower,
siiowbsll, tulip, violet, windflower.
Near the little village of San Jose, Peru,
on the bleak and barren shores of Lako
Titicaca—tho most elevated body of water
of any considerable size in the world—are
three large pillars of Btono. If thoy were
uot of unequal height they would resemble
gate post8 or piers upon which at some
lime iii the far past great archoa had been
erected. To the different tribes of Peruvians they are known by words which
signify "standing stones" and "tall stone
gods," Upon the north side of each of these
huge bowlders the rude features of a human
face have been deeply carved, the other
threo sides of each being chiseled with designs of various shapes, kinds and sizes.
These carved symbols ore all supposed to
have some reference to buu worship, which
the ancient Peruvians are known to have
practiced. Although the ancient inhabitants of that couutry wero highly civilized, and probably had many mochanical
appliances, it is believed that they were
unequal to the task of placing these gigantic monoliths in their present poiiiion.
The evidence rather points to theit   hi'.viuji
ri-
originally been wandering or erratic bcrs
ders deposited b» iorne C-siting gincier. IV)
Ir-wra-T*
A ftlOBIOUS FIGHT.
The Memorable Battle of Crysler's
Farai.
YANKEES PUT TO FLIGHT.
An Intercoms Description or the Important Event Iu I'anaillnii History
Tint lias Never Ilccii Dwelt on al
lOugl'i  in the Public Press.
There are three spot3 in Canada where
every true Canadian should take oil'hia hat
and thank Providence that brave men havo
lived and died for the rights and privily -leges, for the very soil that now aro ours.
At tb.a Long Sault on the Ottawa in 1060,
Adam Danlac, with sixteen other brave
young French patriots, for five days, without food or water, held at bay seven hundred Iroquois, arid thu3 wis it determined
that the northern half of North America
should be European in its races and civilization. On the "plains of Abraham, in the
grey light of that memorable September
morning,
wolfe's glorious death
in the hour of victory, male Canada British. And fifty-four year's iater, at Crysler's .'arm, when Wilkinson, with a large
body of troops, had run the gauntlet of the
Canadian and British forces that guarded
the St, Lawrence, aud had approached
wilhin eighty miles of Montreal ; when
Wade Hampton, advancing by the lake
Champlain route, was pressing towarda tho
tame strategic point to make a united de
icent on that city; once and for all, against
idds of five to one, it was decided that
Canada should be Canadian,
It will be just eighty yeats next 12th of
November since the quiet farm lands of
John Crysler, of Williamsburg, in tlie
county of Dundas, were
THE SCENE   OF TIIE SAVING OF OOP. XATIo'.
All that took part in that notable event
are under  "the  daisies pied  and   violets
blue   : *
Their swords aro rust,
Their bones are dust,
Their souls aro with the Lord, wo trust.
But the 12th of November and Crysler's
Farm should be familiar to every Canadian
as long as the maple flourishes green and
free.
To understand the battle of Crysler's
Farm, it is well for us briefly to note some
of the preceding events in the war. The
year 1812 had been marked by a series of
wonderful successes to British arms in
Canada. Then came the gloom and dopres-
e'on of 1813. The capture of "Muddy Little
York" waa followed exactly a month later
by the taking of Fort George ; and two
months after we were repulsed at Sackett's
Harbor. The British squadrons had been
swept from lake Erie, and Proctor's retreat
and defeat had left the whole west largely at
the mercy of the foe. The month of June
bad brought •
SOME HOPE TO CANADIAN HEARTS
in the success at Stoney Creek, but it re'
mained for November to drive away com.
jle.vly the dread of American possession
In the elation that came from the successes
of the year, and in the belief that the British fleet was completely hemmed in at the
western extremity of lake Ontario byChaun-
cey's squadron, Armstrong, the American
Secretary of War, planned a two-fold expedition. He had long desired to capture
Kingston and Montreal and thereby to con
|-» -tn>l~-th.f-fit. La■ ieaee. -la-pursuance) of
this plan Wade Hampton with 4,000 men
waa ordered to penetrate to Montreal by
lake Champlain and divert attention to
that point, while the chief command was
given to Major-General James Wilkinson,
who at once took charge of 10,000 men to
go against Kingston and the St. Lawrence ThiB plan, as we shall see, after?
wards worked out on lines very nearly th4
same as Montgomery's wretched failure of
1775.
gen. Wilkinson's ciiara cm.
Wilkinson was a man totally without
character, aud with a very unsavory record
Unlike Froth in "Measure for Measure," he
bad solidity enough for crime, but he was
entirely too light for virtue. He had won
hie brevet through deceit and lo3t it through
treason. A pensioner of Spain for yeara, he
outwitted by his craftiness every effort of
his Government to bring his treachery home
to him. He surpassed Marlborough in base'
ness and his own compatriot, Benedict
Arnold, iu perfidy, and yet had not oue of
the virtues that cast a bedimming halo
round the weaknesses and vices of both these
heroes. He had led Aaron Burr into treason
and had then betrayed him to the government they had injured. In addition to his
innate vici-iusness and meanness he had
acquired the habit of drinking and for days
he had to keep secluded from his army. The
deceit of Iago, the bombast of Thraso and
the thirst of Fallstalf all blended in him
IN IMMACULATE   AND   UNRIVALLED   PERFECTION.
Had wo not the most undoubted statements
on these counts, one would easily imagine
this reality to bo merely a caricature.
To such a man then was committed the
task to conquer Canada. The other lead-
ins' spirits were Armstrong, the incapable
secrular; of war, and the aristocratic Wade
Hampton, of princely estates and princely
fortunes, who would not brook the settlor-
ily of the plehei.iu and arrogant Wilkinson. Even without their mutual jealousies and prejudicus, threo more unlikely men
to conduct lo a prosperous issue a great enterprise oould scarcely bo found,
Wilkinson's troops massed at Sackett's
Harbor, hut, owing to his consummate
ability in frittering away time and thc*con-
sequent atrcnglhcning of tho Kingston garrison, Prescott and Montreal became the
objective points.
After frequent delays, on October 17th,
300 largo boats, consisting of scows, bat-
teaux, Durham boats, sailboats, not including two sohooners, two brigs and 12 heavy
gunboats, left Sackett's Harbor amid a
etorm of sleet and rain that oost them 15
boats and some lives. Wilkinson, never
trouble.! himself about time, aud the evening of Guy Fawkes1 day saw the expedition
only at Morristown. At every available
part of the river
HE HAD MET VALIANT   RESISTANCE,
and tho British gunboats were even then
pressing close on his rear, annoying him at
every movement.
Giving up the notion of running the guns
of Fort Wellington at Prescott that night,
Wilkinson debarked his troops three miles
above Ogdensburg, They travelled by land
past the fort and returned to the boats at
the "Red Mill," the uiins of which still
stand, walled in by the foam of the South
Gallops, about four miles below Ogdensburg, Tho empty flotilla safely passed the
guns of Fort Wellington, booming forth in
the darkn-ys across a river stretch nearly
two miles wide, but Wilkinson had to be
taken ashore dead drunk. On Sunday evening tlis 8th, they were dropping  down the
swiit current that circles Point Iroquois,
when a picquet ot Canadian militia fired
into them, the boats here literally covering
the narrow swift-flowing stream. Two
hundred militia came to the bank and
FIRED SO EFFECTIVELY ON THE FJE
that the rear guard landed on the Canadian
side above the point, and marched in vain
pursuit a mile below tho village of Iroquois
while the fleet rounded to and swung into
the still waters of the long American bay
opposite. After a council with his six generals, Wilkinson decided to send Gen.
Brown with his brigade across below Iroquois village to"jora"th'e force already there
and to guard tlie further descent of the
troops.
On the following Tuesday, Wilkinson has
got two miles further on hia way, for he
dates a general order from Tuttle'a bay, a
little further down stream.
On Monday the British forces were close
at hand. Lieut.-Col. Morrison of the 80th
Regiment, had fallowed from Kingston as
rapidly aa the cumbersome gunboats would
bring him. At Prescott he had secured
lighter craft, and on Monday evening as he
rounded Point Iroquois he could aee
THE WHOLE AMBRl'cAN ARMY ENCAMPED
down tho river. Troops wore debarked at
Iroquois to pursue the enemy by land.
Morrison had in hiscomman I only "a small
forco, not exceeding 800 rank and file,"
with which to meet 10,000 troops that had
been receiving constant accessions since
they had left Sackett's Harbor.
The morning of the 11th finds Wilkinson
about tou miles further down the river, encamped near tho farm of John Crysler. He
had sent Gen. Brown forward the day before with 3,000 men to clear the way and
to seiz6 the military stores at Cornwall, and
was awaiting tidings. In tho bay formed
between Cook's point and Weaver's point,
that jut out here into the stream, he could
See hie gunboats; the flotilla were hidden
by the eastern shore of Weaver's point,
while in the wide bay above Cook'a point
lay the British gunboata that had anchored
there the night before.
A OUNCE AT THE FIELD OF BATTLt.
To a sailor on one of those gun boat & an
animated scene would present itself about
2 o'clock in the afternoon. Directly opposite,
wNere the two grey streaks of road met,
stood the commodious farm house of Capt.
John Crysler, and as tho eye followed the
road stretching northward could be seen the
compact little body of British troops, formed " en echelon," that is, in a series of steps.
The nearest are the companies of the 49th,
not far from the zigzag fence' in front ; a
little to the rear the Canadian Fencibles
stand marshalled by Lieut.-Col. Pearson ;
still further back from the fence am arrayed
tho regulars of the 89th and 49tb, under
Morrison himself j to the extreme left, on
the edge ot a black ash swamp, and in a
tongue of second growth wood that roaches
out thirstily towards the river are a few
Indians and Voltigeurs, seeking the cover
of tho trees. To the east, a mile or bo, aro
the weather stained tents of tho Americans,
that are to echo to the groans of famine and
aicknesa beside tho Salmon river before the
winter is over. Between the wood aud the
river lie the troops of the Americana, upwards of 7,000 stretching across the largest
of three brooks that separate the quarters
of the two armies, with their gullies and
ravines. On the edge of the bush to the
north is a little hut, and the shot that rings
from the rifle of an Indian hidden behind a
quaint old bake-oven is the signal tor the
American forces to advance.
It is just about the same time that Mor
rison's little band remove their great coats,
and as
THE RED TUNICS OF THE BRITISH VETERANS
FLASH
on the eyes ol'the enemy they realize that
they must cope now with no raw militiamen.
Swartout's brigade dashes into the little
tongue of wood and tries vainly to turn the
British left. There is not one change in that
Solid formation, and from it comes an answering storm ot Bhot and shell. There is
a gun opposite Capt Barnes that is causing
some annoyance. He charges for it. J nit
then Covington on a white horse dashes
down with his cavalry on Barnes and the
left wing, is repulsed, and the gun is taken.
The fight now becomes general. The
enemy concentrate to resist the British
advance. But charge after charge cannot
beat down those solid squares.
VOLLBY    AFTilR   VOLLEY     TOUR    INTO    THE
Scrambling along the rrjuddy* slants of the
ravines. Two hours of persistent attack
dees not break them. I The! second America^ dragoons dash down tnontn'e-miloroad.
Cavalry charrfes iip-Stre'raVme to tarn their
left flank. Thabra^OeCpyington lies mortally wounded, AH their efforts are vain.
As they press across the tavine the fire is
so galling that they halt. They cannot get
artillery through the mud and up those
banks in the face of those volleys. The
skirmishers from the woods on their right
are keeping up an incessant fire. Shot and
shell from the gunboats.are thinning their
rear ranks. By 5 o'clock tho Americans
give way at every point. Swartout's brigade, the first to enter the fight, is the first
to leave, Cole's division follows, and
COVlNOTOS's    BREAKS    UP IN   TUB WILDEST
DISORDER.
The British press on to outflank Boyd's
division and capture tho cannon. The
light infantry advance to cover the retreat,
but Poarson's forco drives them back.
Panic had now soized tho wholo American
army und the flight was fast becoming a disorderly rout when 000 infantiy under C.ipt.
Upham, came on the field and gave confidence and safety to the flying troops. They
took to their boats and hid their flight and
their shame in the darkness of tho November night.
The losses during tho engagement were :
British, 22 killed, 157 wounded and 12
missing ; Americans, 102 killed and 237
wounded.
The day boforo Wilkinson had despatched
Brown's brigade of 3,000 and a body of
dragoons that had joined him that very
morning, to seize the Government stores at
Cornwall and clear the coast. On the morning of tho battle news came that the Sault
could be run without risk. They had been
commanded to embark when it was announced to Wilkinson in bed, dozing off the
latest spree, that the
BRITISH HAD  FORMED
beyond the ravine. The order was given to
charge, and the general dozed on in his
tent, roused at times by the varying reports
of the fight.
The reat of tho story is soon told. The
next day the main army joined Brown at
Barnhardt's, near Cornwall, and before sunset Wilkinson heard for the first time of
the defeat of Wade Hampton's 4.00C by the
active and vigilant De Salaberry with 300
or 400 French-Canadians at Chateauguay.
From Ogdensburg he had written Hampton,
ordering a junction of their forces at St.
Regis, opposite Cornwall. Hampton's loiter further informed him that he had given
up all thought of reaching Montreal through
the Chateauguay valley.
At Cornwall the army retreated across
the St. Lawrenco, and, sailing up the Salmon river, went into winter quarters at
French Mills, now Fort Covington. Here
sickness and famine preyed upon them until February, when the broken remnants of
the largest army the St. Lawrence has seen
were recalled from the north.
THE IMPORTANCE OF THE BATTLE.
The importance and affect of the conflict
at Crysler's farm cannot be overestimated.
By diverting the expedition from Montreal
it. completely frustrated every object that
its leaders had set before them to accomplish.
"It was tho battle of Montreal," writes
the Rev. Arthur Jarvis of Napanee. For a
mere handful of men^to defeat the largesthos-
tile army that has ever set foot on Canadian
soil added prestige to British and Canadian
arms, completely demoralized the Ameii-
cans, covered the generals engaged with
ignorqjny and discredit, and virtually finished the war. It came at "a crisis'point
in our history, and gave confidence to the
struggling nucleus of a nation so recently
settled in Upper Canada. It waa the moat
scientific and boat fought battle in the wholo
war and forever put an end to American
hopes of the conquest of Canada.
A MONUMENT TO THE  DEAD.
Of the house of John Cryslor that served
aa a home to the British officers on the evo
of victory, as a hospital afterwards to tho
victorious and vanquished wounded, only
tho chimney stands, solo monumett of the
brave and noble dead that sleep near by.
In childhood tho writer gave a quarter out
of liis allowance of pocket money to help
build a more substantial monument. Tho
plan came to naught. In 1881, Dr. C. E.
Hiokey, member for Dundas, urged the
Government to rocognizo the spot with a
monument; and last session, the present
member for Dundas, Mr. H. H. Ross, of
Iroquois, revived the plan. And perhaps
the present generation may see this labor
of love aud patriotism accomplished and
Hono r come, a pilgrim g-ay
To bless the turf that wraps their clay.
—[Wayfarer, in tho Empire.
Origin of th. Peaoh-
Nothing is now more universally accepted
than the fact that the peach is an improved
variety of the almond. The almond has a
thin shell around the stone, which splits
open and shows the stone whon mature.
This outer skin has simply beoomo fleshy in
the peach, so that it ia all that gives it its
specific character. It seems now clear from
investigation in history of ancient Babylon
that in their gardens, nearly 4,000 years
ago, the peach was cultivated then as it
now is. It must have been many years be- \
fore tins that the peach was improved from
the almond, and this fact goes to show the
great antiquity of the fruit. Possibly gardening in Borne respects, at least so far as
it relates to many of our cultivated fruits,
was as far advanced G.0CO or 8,000 or perhaps 10,000 years back as it is to-day.
PhiBuicians.many thousands of years ago,
as is proved by the records, had in their
gardens almonds, apricots, bananas,citrons,
tigs, grapes, olives, peaches, pomegranates,
and even sugar cane was in extousive cultivation. Certainly this shows how far advanced these nations were in garden culture
many years ago.
The Advancta of Science-
Doctor Bragg and Dr. Sawbones are not
now good friends; the eoolnesi betwoen
them arose in this way. They met the other
evening at a dinner party, when conversation turned upon-tha rJtnarkable'advance
made during the last decade in medical
science.
" To give an illuitratftn," remarked Dr.
Bragg, " a highly interesting oase came
under my observation last week. A patient,
who had been given up by one of the old
school, sent for me, and would you believe
it ?—with my new special treatment, I had
him out and about in a few days."
"Q uite so," said Dr. Sawbones, " that i
quite correct, for I met him only yesterday
going to be buried I"
Bulging From tha Tou Downward-
A great bnilding of twelve stones in
course a? construction in Chicago presents a
sight that would dumfouad an architect of
the old school. Tlie steel skeleton framework
is finis! id up to the twelfth atory, and the
stonework is done from the foundation up to
the first story. Then thero ia a skip of two
stories, and the exterior walls of terra cotta,
in imitation of stone, have been started at
the thirl story and are being run up from
that pot'it. In other words, tho exterior
of the upper part of the building is being
completed while the lower stories, are mere
skeletons of uprights and cross-p-eces, but
being ol'iron, they furnish a strong enough
support for the operations of the builders.
This method of construction is becoming
very conmon in Chicago, and it is thus explained : According to contract, the build-
muat be ready for occupancy by next May,
and 'contractors can not afford to waste
any o, he brief time allowed them. The
walls o: the first three stories are to be of
stone, and as this portion of the work will
not be"ompleted for two months yet, the
contractors started the terra cotta section
of the walls where tho stone will leave off
and are travelling upward, leaving the stone
work oil the lower stories to follow. The
terra cotta blocks are ao made that they fit
exactlyfatound the big upright steel beams.
At the rame time steel rods, or anchors, aa
they are called, run through the wings
of the beams, thereby anchoring the former
to the Litter. It is these anchors that hold
tho teria cotta wall in pla.ieand furnish the
supports for the blocks to rest upon.
 *ee>	
Nature Has Provided
A remedy for every ache and pain, and
science through ceaseless activity and ex-
pcrimo'it is constantly wresting the secrets
of her domain. A neat and wonderful discovery has recently been made by means of
which tens of thousands will be freed from
pain. (Nerviline, or nerve pain cure, represents in very concentrated form the
'most ,'otent pain relieving substitutes
known to medical science, and strange to
say, it is composed of substances solely vegetable in origin. Poison's Nerviline is the
most prompt, certain, and pleasant pain
remedy in the world. Sold in 10 and 25
cent bottlea by druggiats and all dealers in
mediciues.
ijcrria'y and Austria have about 150
cookintjsehools. Afouryears'courseisnecessary e'/e a diploma is granted. Most of the
hotel chefs havo diplomas from those
schools.
A. P. R80.
Patienoa-
"Didn't you tell mo when I helpel you
yeara ago," slid Dawnattheheel to Upinthe-
air, " that you'd always remember it, and
that you'd share your„last crust with me?"
•' I certainly did ; -and I will when I get
to it."
a>     ■
1    .      -The Fire Bulls
Ring out, an alarm and it'Is* heeded. This
is to notify you that base substitution is
practised when the great sure-pop corn
cure is askod for. Pntnam's Painless Corn
Extractor never faiis to take cams off. It
makos no sore spots and gives no pain. Be
sure and get" Putnam's.   -
Diseases are often difficult to remedy.
OF PURE NORWEGIAN COD LIVER \
OIL  AND   HYPOPHOSPHITES
OF LIME AND SODA,
will restore a lost appetite- lost flesh, |
ansjlecccihec!' wasting diseases, especial-1
ly in children, with wonderful rapidity.
Coughs and colds are oasily killed by a
few doses of this remarkable remedy, i
PALATABLE AS MILK. Be sure to get
the genuine, put up in salmon-colored),
wrappers. y
Preparedonly^Scott&Bowne. Belleville. I
The Beauty Standard-
The standard of female loveliness varies
greatly in different countries and with individual tastes. Some prefer the plump and
buxom type ; some admire the Blender and
sylph-like, and some the tall and queenly
maiden. But among all people of the Caucasian race, one point of beauty is always
admired—a pure,clear and Bpotless comp.ex-
ion—whether the female be of the blonde,
brunette or hazel-eyed type. This first
great requisite of loveliness can be assured
only by a pure state of the blood, active
liver, good appetite and digestion, -ill of
which are secured by the U3e of D.-.Pierce's
Golden Medical Discovery. It is guaranteed
to accomplish all that is claimed for it, or
money refunded. If you would have a clear,
lovely complexion, free from eruptions,
moth patches, spots aud blemishes, use the
"Golden Medical Discovery."
Mrs. Bustle (to rai'road ticket agent)—
'Will you please tell mo how soon the 9
>'clock train will start?" Agent (consulting
his watch)—"In just ton minutes, ma'am."
Mrs. B.—"Will you be so good as to tell
me what timo it is    ow?"
Jr»     TfiE-MQj>T
*WeJRKSll
fgTgACOgSp
erman
Syrup"
G. Gloger, Druggist, Watertown,
Wis. This is the opinion of a man
who keeps a drug store, sells all
medicines, comes in direct contact
with the patients and their families,
and knows better than anyone else
how remedies sell, and what true
[ merit they have. He hears of all
the failures and successes, and can
therefore judge : "I know of no
medicine for Coughs, Sore Throat,
or Hoarseness that had done such effective work in my
Coughs, family as Boschee'a
Sore Throat, GermanSvrup. Last
winter a lady called
Hoarseness, at my store, who was
suffering from a very
severe cold. She could hardly talk,
and I told her about German Syrup
and that a few doses would give relief; but she had no confidence in
patent medicines. I told her to take
a bottle, and if the results were not
satisfactory I would make no charge
for it. A few days after she called
and paid for it, saying that she
would never be without it in future as
■ a few doses had given her relief.!'   _
.
Mill;
Best in the World!
Gat the Genuine!
Sold Everywhere.!
ACRES OF LAND
for sale by the Saint Paul
      _ Duldtii Railroad
Coitr-ANY In Minnesota.  Eend for Maps and Circu*
Ian. They will be sent to you
moyONTO CUTTING SCHOOL OFFHUS
X unprecedented fatillltios lor acquiring a
thorough knowledgo of dieting in all its
brancnes; also agents for the MclJowell Draft-
ng .Machine. Write for circulars, 121 Yonge St.
F YOU WOULD SAVE TIMi AND MONEY
BUY A
m WILLIAMS SElflVG MA01H..E
 Agents everywhere.
AUBNT4, HKlti: lor .IKE, -Snmantha at
the World's ITair. byJoslah Alien's Wife.
Over 1IX) Illustrations. Nearly li it) pagis, No
Torrllory assigned. Ho.id $1,QJ for orospoctus
and push tho canvass if you went. 10 make
money. WILLI 111 llltll.l.-, Tsmperance St.
Ton nto.
AGENTS WANTED, BSS2?ffi
1   ei.r; ce-ll. tee  e.erj   k ee.
JUV. David SI. Jordan
of Kdmoston, N. Y.
Colorless, Emaciated, Helplocs
A    Complete    Cure    by     JlOOlt' ■
SAItSAPAIlILLA.
This is from Mr. D. M. Jordan, a ti
tired farmer, and one of the motst re
spected citizens of Otsego Co., N. Y.
"Fourteen years ago I had an attack of t!
gravel, and have sinco been troubled with 1
Liver and Kidneys
gradually growing worse. Throe yeilrd &.■_;*'
got down so low that I could scarcely wi Ik
l looked more like a corpse than a living bib,'
had no appetite and for live weeks I n."
■olfeing ;>ni£ni,'!, t was badly eniacir.te-
and had no more color than, a marble mnlur
Hood's Sarsaparilla was recdiiunehneit and '
thought I would try It. Beforo I had finishc:
the first bottle I noticed that I felt better, sin'
fercd less, tho inflammniion of the bind
der had subsided, the color began to return b
my faco, and I began to (eel hungry. Aftei
! had taken three bottles I could oat nnvi bin;
without hurting me. Why, I got so hungr;
that I hail to eat 5 times a day. I havo nov
fully recovered, thanks to
Hood's Sarsaparilla
I feel well and am well.   All who  knov
mo marvel to see me so woll."   1). M. Jommn
HOOD'S PlLLB nro the best after-dinner I'i'.i,
•cWaiut .llw.Bli.en   cier.e licaeleie-lili UIlll biilOlUUOgg
SAUSAGE CASINGS MST*!
Ilsh, c'i'wt intly o'i hand,also piiinc Amorican
Hog's'lasIngs. Full lines New Hams, Long
DionrH icon, Itolls, Oheeso, Lard, otc. Park
BlackV/BLL& Co. Ltd., Successors to James
fAKK & 80N, To onto.
MUSICI
Every MMtloToaohor In Canada should know where lliuy
cull get their Music cheapest.
Write us for Catnloi-'ucs; also
sninplo copy of the Canadian
MUilOUK.allvo monthly Journal with 11.00 worth of music
I11 each issue i'.\ to W per day
lnncleby canvassers, Bsftpremium list, Wc carry everything
in the Music line.
WHALEY, ROYCE&CO.
l.'iS YDNCE.'T  T  tlOKTO.O'.'T.
ClrpWlif IN SHORTHAND
Isaac Pitman
SHORTHAND
The Complolc System
th'jrougUly t'night  by
Mail for only 1 Hollar.
Tho chanco of a lifetime. Every
boy and girl in Canada should
commence it at once.   The articles will soon commence.—
aucco'S guaranteed.— Send in your Dollar im-
meiliatolv, to commence at the beginning.
Host Method in the World for imparting Shorthand.
Barker &Spence's Shorthand *
Business School, Toronto.
IS THE
GREATEST
OK    ALL    EAnTlILY
POSSESSIONS
FOB YOUR
------l_El_A.___t____Z_W-_A._a'--
DRINK
Royal   Dandelion   Coffee.
ASK YOUR GROCER.
ELLIS &  KBIBHLBI
SOLE lelANUFACnritKIlS,
2 BAY ST.,
I'OROisr'xo.
Address
HOPEWELL CLARKE,
Land Commissioner, St. Paul, Minn.
J3B3.W
=d
ChasCluthe^
^* DPPD5ITE RD55IN HOUSE]
Toronto, can;
E :S-rV*BL!l SBED .$®&7\L
Ilk
-:o:-
Made from ORIGINAL DESIGXS and
:-:   Patterns   :-
They we ftiperb in Rrifili,
OIL
Your machinery with etc., standard and
reliable.
Peerless
Machine Oil
We will ojive a substantial reward to anyone bringing us profit of other oil being
sold as our peorloss machine oil.
None genuine except from packages
bearing full brand, and one name, and sold
only by reliable and regular dealers.
Sole manufacturers,
SAMUEL  ROGERS I CO,
TORONTO.
ai\d Superior in Quality of
Material & Workm.ansli.ip,
They Excel in Bal^in^ Qualities, and in Economy of
Fuel and Convenience
:: They nro made to burn wood ex-
:: cluslvely.or Coal and Wood.and
:: In a Groat Variety of Sizes, nnd
:: are therefore adapted to the re
:: aulremcnts of Large or Small
:: Families, In any part 01 tho Tit-
:: minion.
Every Stove Warranted. :
If you aro in want of a Cook Stove or Base
Burnor,— don't buy until you have6eon this
Elegant Lino. Sold by lending Stovo Doal-
crs everywhere.
Manufactured by
Tiie GURHEY, TILDES Co,, Ltd
Hamilton, Ont.
A Parlor Game For Two,
This Ganio is Blmplo In mothod butadapts Itself to tho ability of any players, to chess tiperts
as fully as to children.
Pa»ioo   35 crfcis.
i not (his Game In Stock write us.—
 ^_\ Homl  post-paid.
Send us your address and wo will mall you Illustrated catalogue.
f your nearest doalcr has not (his Game In Stock write us Upon rocoipt of price will
semi  postpaid.
THE GOPP CLARK CO., LTD.,
TOIROIISTTO,   OJNT
LWAKE
SOAR
Manufactured only by
IDavidMorton&sons
HAMILTON,ONX. cuiusi Okanagan Mining Review
Published weekly in the interests of the Southern Interior of British Columbia, in which are
8ituated ihe following mining camps: Fair* lew,
Bounilarv Creek, Hoek Creek, Camp McKiiinoy,
Granite Creek anil the Slinllkamflon aim Ketlie
River ranching districts
Subscription I'ricc. S'i.D!) per annum, payable
In advance, either yearly or half-yearly at the
option of the subscriber.
Advertising Hates sent, on application.
Address all communications
The Okanagan Mining Review
Okanagan Falls, B. C.
While our column^ are always open for tho
discussion of any relevant subjects, wo do not
necessarily endorse the opinions Of contributors.
Anonymous letters will not be published.
OUR PROSPECTOR
On Foot  From Hope to Lower
End of Dog Lake.
(OONTINUBD)
FBy the time a couple of miles of the
damp trail had been covered the sun
hnd emerged sufficiently over the
eastern mountains to make his rays
grateful and comforting. As the lust
throe words are suggestive of cocoa and
kindred comforts, I may statethat 1
was by thia timo beginning to feel able
to t!o jusfifee tu i more varied brt aJcfast
than 1 knew the contents of my pack
could ft i hi iii-. all i had was the deer
meat anil the heel of a loaf, 0! salt I
plenty, of water abundance. The
cynical pa.-t. of a man will say what
more could you desire, and in a case
like this, fact- and common sense are at
one with cynicism. Hunger is a pood
sauce and necessity can be made to
look like a virtue; for where the caution of the ancients "appetitus ratione
pareat" does nut. apply there is little to
(ear in the w.iy of evil after effects.
After breakfast E washed a pan or
two of dirt, for 1 had noticed while
building the Are the great abundance
of black sand in patches all airing the
bank of the river, but was not fortuii-
;ih' enough to get even a single - ilor
liD Ftftei ti  mil    --! so of' !■'■ n
".'■• i-   :i-    vail ■ ■'   '"■ t   -       widen
meadows nud cultivated p ! abi s
■ into view. 8iwashes aud half-
': might lie seen here and there on
outh slde-of the trail getting to
ii- crops of beans and oats,
riKtUiefor L.ont^ht. (iniiig to bed in
the dark and getting up before daylight does not give much scope to
describe the interior .arrangements of
one's sleeping apartments. Suffice it
to say that after much cautious groping round a manger in the corner, the
elder of my two companions and I succeeded in finding some steps let into
the wall and leading to a trap door in
the floor of the loft. Here on the hay
we spread our blankets and slept more
or less comfortably till about 4 a.m.
when wedescended to terra firma, where
companion the younger had a Are
lighted and breakfast in course of preparation. Some fresh eggs, secured
the night before, bacon and sausag-;,
with the usual concomitants of bread
and butter and coffee, made a right
royal foundation for the steep climb
over the hill to Fairview.
iTO tlE CONTINUED)
V/E WOULD LIKE TO KNOW.
Why work has been stopped on the
road between here and (lamp McKinney at the rock bluffs along Vaseux
Lake, and the men put to work on another portion of the road.
If this is a proper and business-like
way of carrying on such undertakings?
It' th*- Superintendent has i^ot flfls-
construed his instructions ?
if this manner of doing public work
docs not show that such work should
be done by contract ?
If, as is said, two weeks'work (?)
would complete the rock work, why
nor. complete it or leave a sufficient
number of ruon at it, to do so ?
.»-
A BUSINESS CHANGE,
Trie
has b
of  th
alien;!
bre
the
thei
I learnt of no white settlers in. this
district, although the land seems (erupting enough for anyone. TheAshnola
River joins the Similkameen from the
south about seven miles from Mere-
tneos. The mountain shi ep of the
Ashnoia attract the mighty Nimrods
of all nations, i wasovert. sen.vrithin
threo miles of Dnly'.-i by ! .vo Atljetican
- /proimectors - on. thei/jvay put after'
their season's work. After a pleasant
chat, for half a mile or so they rode on
promising to see me at Daly's where
they would order supper for three.
Near the court house lives a hospitable
Chinaman who provided ine with
several cups of tea which made me feel
like recanting all the hard things I ever
said about his countrymen. John
cultivates a little fruit and vegetable
garden by the wide of the Keremeos
Creek, but his fruit trees are not yet of
bearing age. Crossing a rude wooden
bridge that here spans the stream,
Daly's farm-house and stopping-place
comes in sight a mile distant. The
road is fenced on each side and crossed
here and there with shallow irrigation
ditches. A half-breed hired man was
at work in the corner of a hold threshing oats after the manner of the Jewish
patriarchs by driving horses round in
a circle to tramp on the sheaves. He
was not so considerate of his cattle,
however, as the Jews were supposed to
be for although not muzzled, the
animals were bitted enough to prevent
their hurting themselves to any marked
degree. Their 'Liver was evidently
working by the day for he found plenty
of time to stop, consult his watch and
chain, give me the correct mean local
time, remark thai it was about time to
quit, that he had to get up so early
that it seemed like getting two suppers
iu the one night, and that he always
brought, his rifle to work with him in
the hope of gelling a shot at a stray
deer,
My American friends bad already sat
down to supper when I reached Mrs.
Daly's hospitable door. The enquiry
if I could be provided with a square
meal was answered rather hesitatingly
in the affirmative. Not that my looks
mightn't have suggested even cubical
refreshment, but h was t-.is«l in t he -Mf-
deprecatlng manner of a landlady accustomed to welcoming hungry stran-
SEpers, The table literally groaned with
tootilvuune viands, prime bacon, fresh
i, .'■-■. home-made bread, apple pie and
delicious jam all vied with oacii other
for recognition and attenti in and with,
thr.v such appetites to Butisfj as we
provided, they had no long to go,
a-begging. My American fi iends had
been working .til summer on a copper
claim on the Tulamemi and wore well
satisfied with the prospects, They
.. re now on their way home 1'or the
-•'.■ i i-1- -c ingca ihed about
of provisions and appli ncci to 1
f:;i' ai .-.. i .'■: ueicl ;e-.-
tl ■ ■".' ■- c.i oi' much to
mai y i i'uj<  ta iucluding ol com
list ii       .      'into   i-.rni     i
(I    i-   uf   ■     ;.- -ii! ii     ■-.        .    , I
ill isiti .i      hi e-   ,-.    ai! joined   of
'■■    ■ ■ '•',      ■ '■   '        , '■
■-     .-.; " .';'..-; ny.  _ tho
firm of Henderson <fc Megraw
en dt3solved. The former con-
he l:u siness and the latter goes'
i asHttme control of a journal
In his valedictory to the readers
Vernon News Mr. Ainiley Me-
gi tw, who was also interested in the
Mxnisq Review, writes as follows
concerning his recent trip through this
section :-—
"To the people of the Lower Country
whose hospitality he enjoyed during a
ride of'.tune. 201 miles in the saddle in
visiting settlements and mining camps
in order to 1 now more accurately the
wants ■"•' the district, he wishes to say
that with the permission of the new
editor he will compute the short
wtite-n i to !e! the public know
what ii- heivig done iu the more remote
j):..;-,.-; ol the district, and- also to
us-e ■ r- fc'.eru that iu writing for another cie.-s of readers iu old Ontario
he may yet do good missionary work
for this district by giving eastern people
more accurate knowledge of this
country and its wonderful resources.
The ride over those mountain trails he
will never forget, and the nights spent
with tho sturdy miners around their
camp-fires will always remain one of
his most pleasing recollections/'
Eipi
Ta-'iulce: for tor: id liver.
Dissolution of Partuepship
T1^'
iTNKBSHIP BUSINESS HEIIE-
carrind or by Geo. (1. Henderson
and Alnsic; Megraw, under the Arm name of
Hen.-lixfjtm & Megraw, at the City of Vernon,
as tho publishers and proprietors of "The
Vbknod Kbws and Okanaoan Farm and
Live Stooh Journal." and at Okanagan
Falls as the publishers and proprietors ot the
''Okanagan Mining Riovjbw, has this day
been i!if,ioi,'od by mutual consent.
Mr, Henderson will aseumo tho liabilities nf
the firrn an .1 will receive the outstanding debts
due the said firm.
Dated at Vernon, November 1st, 1893.
GKO. 01. lll'.NDEKBON
AlNSLKT MRORAW
Ranch For Sale
1~r\ A.0KB8 in the Okanagan Valley-.Buit-
JiU '»r fniit, grain or roots I abundance
of water for Irrigating; reasonable prico and
terms.   Apply
W. W., care of The Ukvikw.
WANTED-K
I.,--  BW
thlKiti-.'iii-i.
irrosi
in all
sndonto for IIioMinino
(he camps throughout
j^KANAGAN
HOTEL
_l M us Stiiekt
_,*
fgava.   ______* _r___._a_wa,   Z_%. O.
Finli Pishing and Shooting,
fjumf irtabic Hoomit,
'ruble.
X
L. HOLStfN,
GKAOTLGAN
MANAGER
J8.00
lain 5t ■ ' . nagan Falls
ARE YOU  A\ HUNTER ?
Send Postal Card for illustrated Catalogue of
Winchester
Repeating   jTvlilpO
k
Repeating Shot Guns,
To.
Winchester Repeating Aphis Company
,-vottt1''' Om&mu
f
f
§
W. J. SNOMASS
Manufacturer of
LUMBER
Of Every Description
HILL STUFF A SPECIALTY
MILL AND OFFICE:
Okanagan Falls, B. C.
i
trade in tl
ANTICI) - Advertisers to use the eatumns
if the Mining Review to oxlend their
the .Southern Interior of l^G. 1
OKANAGAN
FALLS
tlTANTKn— SubnoFiban  to  the  Mining
VV    HitviKW at ^'.i>;i per year, or «1 for six
niouths, in advnuce.
iii^ii&i^iiS.iiii^teii&i.
Good
I
ft
t
H     MAKE YOURSELF A     ♦    ♦
A      ♦    MINE FOREMAN,
Btjorhtsndeiit, Mining ZitjiiiNt (Coal er VtUl), ot Snooaif
ful Frospootsr by devotiae ?»"' idla hoars to BOIU 3701?,
BT THK MKTUtU, OF
THE CORRESPOHDENCE SCHOOL OF MINES, SCSAHTdH. PA.
To bc-gio, Stnelents need onlj kuow how to re»el sod wrlt«.
M0DERATK OUABGCS.   .-   SKNU  FOB le'KKB  CIKOOLAB.
SUBSCRIBE FOB   .
Okanagan
Mining
Review . .
.   .   $2 PER TEAR
IB.   O.
M WORKS CO.
Corner Alexander Street and
■•■■   Westminster Ave.-;
In
VANCOUVER, B. 0.
V
General founders, Kngincors, Boiler Makers
aud Manufaoturora uf All Chwxes
of Machinery.
Mining1
Machinery
S&vr Mill and Marino Work a Specialty.
All Work Guaranteed.
Keep in Stock a Full Supply of Engineers' and
Mill Supplies, Pipe and Fittings, Brass
Goods, Steam Fittings, Etc
Estimates for Boilers and Engines on Application.
Role Mannfaoturorfl of the Kendall Band Mill
B, 0. Shin.'tle Machines. Steam Lo,? Hauling
Mr.oi-.ines, Mi.-.-ion t-toani s3h"vels, Inn'riiveii'
Wind.:::? iioi.-.. Ri-e.i' an'i iiicrlior i>rodges,
ICipg i.'itcl-.itii.', .VlacIiuiOB,.VVrucking Machiirjes,
Bailosi Unloadcrs, e:.:,
.\Ki'iit.s In' .lltiiin.". Mininu Hoist, EloetriC
Hook 1,1-ill. nn.I Uoov.'B W'ooil iiplit Pulleys.
iluil Orders l'.ecoivc Prompt Altontlpn',
J. If. W. MAttp.\itLA>'E, I'.fanagor
J. W. Campion, Soc.-Treiw.
-   v    . • -.     -;■ .     *-
NotTiihg invbjisines*-T»y»'bo«-er
but there is very little of it, and it.
pays all the better on that, account.
What we mean by good printing is
such as befits your business; neither
above nOr below it; not mean In any
way, nor extravagant; but business-
>JrV„like; prop.or; corrct.    ..,.-,
''- '' tt costf&riomorethan-iiifcrioi"work,;
nnd you aro benefited by tho favorable
imprcfsiion which tho use of neat and
cleanly printed office stationery makes
on thoHp.'with* whom yaU'deal.
The little extra Attention roquirod
on our part to turn but a good plass of
work is compensated for by gaining
and retaining your custom.'
The Okanagan
Mining Review
0,V:n''agah Falls
British Columbia
m^mm^
CANADIAN
*   PACIFIC .
RAILWAY.
THE HIGHWAY 1)7 raWGBLB
Speed, Safety, Eco:*omy of
)        Time and Money!
Daily Tfe?ciLgfc Expras Trctes
VHOlt
CJoasoi3*£i 3Po£sa.icS8
BY THE FAMOUS
-DIRECT ROUTE
to tohonth, montbkax, hamilton,
Ottawa,   Halifax,   Portlakd,
Nkw York, Boston, Chicago
and St. Paot.
Passenger* Booked To and From All
European Points.
 a. j , .*. ..
For tiiiic-tablce, rates, ami full information
apply to
QFa>. Mil* BROWN,
District Pass. Agent, Vancouver.
LOOMISTON
ORO AND
PENTICTON
STAGE LINE
In Connaetion ■   jf"<l       "KB
with *-* -    JBr'
Shobtest IlotrrB to SpokaSie Falls,
Seattle, on any point
East Ob West
Stago leaves Loomlstoii at _\ norm Tuesdays,
Thursdays and Saturdays.
Stage am vos at Loomiston at 10 a.m. Mondays,
Wednesdays and Fridays,
l&Rtairo leaves Oro at 7 a.ui. Mondays, W-odnoa-
»ys and Fridays, arriving at Pentioton at 6 p.m.
t 'Stage leaves Pentioton at 7 a.m. Tuesdays,
rfciVKilays and Saturtlays, arriving at Oro at
(ini.
.; M\il'.i-s v inmi'-ll-iiih al Penticton with C. P. K.
stTBainev Abeivlc.eii anil trains lo all points.
For'further piu'ii'.uiliir.s apply 1-'
11. 0. NKWMAN,
i '• Managor, Oi i, Wn.
Or Gr.a. McL. I'.iiown,
H Ul:-i. Pass. Agent, ''.!'.!!.. Vancouver,
A Sew City possessed of a Weiii,
Mination of Advantages.
0 1
i\k\
ft is the natural BistribaUng Point te the whole
of the Lower Okanap Talley and the
i.;      famous Kettle Sliver
.< ■      ;,'. ■ ■■■ -'   oV.te'rt   '    ■>' '•- , >
? \   ''.       '   «.'  " ■     -
SINCE the announcement was made that a new City       "
ing the name of Okanagan Falls, had started in.. v
%^    there have been numerous enquiries bearing on the . ',.
■^    ject.    It has for some time been a sine qua NON-th,.'
city of importance must spring up somewhere in theOkan,:., .
countfyi which for several years- past has been attracting the
attention of capitalists, not only on this,continent but in Gre;*tf
Britain as well.    Its combination of resources so richly aggregated, comprising mining, grazing, fruit-growing, erf,c.,  must ol
necessity evolve a city in its midst, which will b$ ''one of t!i<
centres of the Province.    This is jvsLas certain as the fact tint
at the terminus of the C.P.R. on the;pacific coast theie, wai
bound to be a sea-port city of importance.    The question o
location is to be decided by the conditions- most favorable' E64"
urban growth.    These conditions, as will be shown m answer
to some of the numerous received, are ali- cw^-ised iii tiie.
situation of Okanagan Fallsv   :
One question asked i^. "Where and what fe Okanagan
Falls?" In reply, it is the nucflsus of a city, the .prospects of
which are not surpassed by any other on the Pacific coast;
situated at the foot of Dog lake, in \he famous .Okanagan valley, B.C. Had the conditions for a''prosperous and populous
city been especially stipulated and ordered, as the work of nature,
they could not have combined more favorably to produce success. The first and most natural question to arise in the mjncl
of any common-sense man is, " What is there to make a city
at Okanagan Falls ?" Unless such a question is fully and fail ly
answered, any person endeavoring to place in the market tow n
site property, backed up with glittering promises of a rich
retnrn, may fairly be regarded with suspicion and distrust.
Readers are requested to carefully consider the reasons here
advanced in support ©f the strong faith the promoters have in
the future of Okanagan Falls.
In the first place, Okanagan Falls is likely to be the
terminus, of the Canadian Pacific & Okanagan Steamboat line; it is in the line of the only possible pass which
can be utilized by the C.P.R. south of tiie <pYe-se'nt line, or, in
other words, via the Crow's Nest Pass route to the Pacific
Coast; it is the proposed terminus of the Spokane & Northern
Railway, and of the Okanagan & Osobyos Railway, to connect
with the Great Northern A\ the boundary. "It will be; preeminently a railway and mining centre.
It is the natural outlet for the greatest gold mining region
on the continent, a country which also possesses immense!;
rich deposits of silver, lead, coal, platinum, iron, etc, Foi
proof of this, see Dr. Dawson's reports and the annua! reports
of the Minister of Mines.
In the next place, it is being built Jry the side of a m
nificent waterfall, capable of generaung a horse-power of 1 .
tween 50,000 and  100,000 at a very low cost,  sufficient   U ■
operate all the mining machinery,, reduction works, tramways
sawmills and other industries, in it or in the country surrounding it.    Being easy of access and having unexcelled transportation facilities in prospect, Okanagan Falls will naturally attract
all Tthe industries referred; to which the country will demand.
The country also abounds in Coal'and Wood.
S0LI1H
C   1 - ii
General Agents
5 Hastings Street, YanMvery BX.
»*i

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