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Okanagan Mining Review Oct 28, 1893

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 Vol. I, No. 10.
OKANAGAN FALLS,  BRITISH COLOMBIA, SATURDAY, OCTOBER 28,  1893.
$2.00 p6r Year.
Bank of British Columbia
$3,000,000
$1,300,000
ENGLAND
Incorporated by Royal Charter, 18G2.
Capital paid up £600,000
WITH rOWER TO INCREASE.
Reserve Fund £260,000
Head Office: 60 Lombard Street, LONDON,
laSX-S-ffluKTCJIErjESSI s
In Ukitisb Columbia In the United Status
Victoria,, Vancouver, New Westminster San Francisco, Portland,
Nanaimo, Kamloops, Nelson (Kootenay Lake.) Seattle and Tacoma.
AOKSTS AND CORRESPONDENTS IN CanjuiA AND THE UKOT5D STATES :
Bank of Montreal, Canadian Hank of Commerce. Imperial Ilauk of Canada; Hank of
Montreal, New York and Onicogo.
Telegraphic Transfers and Remittances to and from all points can bo mado through this
tluuk at oin-roni rates.   Collootions carefully a,tended ki and every description of tanking biisi-
c.eii-i ii'aiisactcJ.     Oold Dust purchased.
I
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Thompson
Dealer- in.
tlfll
StPUPprI RflppphSTirii:
And.
iii.
iii.
9
Everything' Required in a Mining Camp
__tBm^Jcstirsr__z~s~Kr.   33.
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I J. IAMG
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as
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Dry Goods
FttPnishings
Groceries
Boots and Siioes
Close Prises For Cosh
Main Street
++
Okanag-an Falls
BY THE CAMP FIRES
Rock Creek and Vicinity.—Fine
Grazing Lands.—Rich
Placer Claims.
• --"*"•*:■ >*^c,"-e-.;«-e>^fa-.i.;«
r'tQip
n, Worlock & Co.,
i?
SuscassDPS to li/iMESeHE, GREEN & CO.,
BS J&. Bff :&§: 305 3E& S3,
Government Street, Victoria,
B.C.
[Established 1873.]
Deposits received in Bold, Silver and t;.h. currency.  Interest paid on the pamo on timo
deposits.   Gold dust and U.S. currency purchased at highest market rates.
Sight drafts and telearaphio trahafors issued, payable at over 10,000 cities in Canada, the
United States, Europo, Mexico and China.
Exohahgo on London, avaiiable In all parts of Rurope, England, Ireland and Scotland. Loiters
of Credit issued on the principal cities of the CJnltod States, Cauoda bnd Europe.
-/!b_3ro3erc.-*«   itoa-   ~_WG__.____-___.a_a,   ■Kf-ea.K-gra   <£s   Co.
Tlf'l'PIONESa.]
_§_*'_
\ -._■
'-f-V       m      ^    '   _-—____■*_, .rtfcib-. rOLOJ
Wholesale and Retail Dealer in, ami Importer and Man
[ESTABLISHED 1385.
if act .r.'or of
jr
%
IT?
The largest establishment of its kin
Tho loadiiifc' OAHI'ET HOUSE in tho Oil
Also Linule'um and Floor Cloths, us well n
on Uu malninnd of British CoSum'oi.i.
K foil line of Carpets, Square Rllgs. Mats, etc.
House Furnisliings of every description,
(P.O. box 2.)
Undertaking m ali, its branohes.     Stock complete.
21 & 23 Cordova Siraot, VANOOTO
n,
Hamilton  Powder
u
B.C.
y
Should v/rifce for
' accoramodation
at	
Motel
Fine Fishiug and
Shooting in the
vicinity	
r^I^JL-fc-SLteeill.       iCJCSi.-VIXCJL'toS.il,
Ok Montreai,
Incorporated ism.
Manufacturers of Dynamite, Blasting and Sporting Powder.
Wholesale Dealers in Safety Fuse, Detonators and Electric Blasting Apparatus.
Office: Victoria, B.C.
Works: Nanaimo, li. C.
e-    J.    SOOTT
General Agent for British Columbia.
(Established 1So2)
^^mEWTTBL-m,
Orookoiy, Glassware, Wall Paper, Lamps, Cutlery, Aga
Oompleto Ilouiio FurnlsbingB.
Ware and
Largest Stock in British Columbia.
£33.   -fcc-j   £33
- v-fc   Street,
Write for Prices of anything required
^tf^ii
Reported for The Mintno Hkvikw.
(CO.S'TINUEHi
Leaving Camp McKinney the trail
for the mouth of Rock Creek koeps on
a southeasterly direction through
thickly timbered country. This trail
is fairly well defined, for over it most
of the supplies for McKinney are
packed and tho placer miners along
both the north and south forks of Rook
Greek also use it. All the way to the
point where the McKinney trail crosse.-i
the north fork the altitude decreases,
and a sudden descent into the gulch is
by as steep an ascent to the beautiful
range land beyond, upon -which large
herds of cattle belonging to the Haynes
estate have their summer feeding
grounds. A short distance along this
bi'ings us to where the trail from
Osoyoos and Anarchist Mountain joins
on and thence the course is due eastward with Rock Creek on the right.
But before proceeding on our six
mile trot through the open to the
mouth of Hock Creek, we will retrace
our steps a few miles to ascertain
where all this muddy water is coming
from when the sky is cloudless and not
a drop of rain has fallen for weeks. By
taking any one of the trails branching
off in a southward of southwesterly
direction tho creek invariably comes
into view, and often on its banks a
mountain cabin is seen where Chinese
and an occasional white man are found
washing out gold. Crossing over near
the junction with the south fork, and
where the trail from Osoyoos crosses
the creek operations in placer are being
carried on somewhat extensively by a
company from Fairview who have
leased from the Government a mile
and a half of the crack, which represent
a number of placer claims, and are
about 11 or 12 different parties, among
whom may be mentioned 0. B. Boeing,
-jNiak Thpil.^A. pairymple. fcJj.T)ear-
gglTdoirV K •••BiTl6e7TK ' Rankin, "Jno."
Cj51 Blougn and others.   Their intention is
to sink a sliaft alongside the creek,
running it down to bed rook and drifting out under the stream. Their first
attempt was baulked by striking a bed
of quicksand at a depth of 20 feet or
thereabouts. In their next, water
interfered seriously at a depth of about
36 feet, but iu their next shaft, at
which they were working at the time
of our visit and which had got down to
about 50 feet, the indications were fair
that they would be able to curry out
their programme without farther sori-
ous hinderance and the}' expected to
strike it rich along about Christmas'.
They were working straight along
three shifts a day, and if Christmas
finds them in possession of thestrike
which they expect it will prove
Christmas-box well-merited.
The trail along the range I;u:d   tc
wards tho mouth of Rock Creek passe
CITY AND VICINITY.
Subscribe for The Review.
Courts of Revision and Appeal will
be held at Osoyoos on Nov. 15th, and
Rock Creek on Nov. 20th.
County Court will lie held at Fair-
view, Osoyoos and Hock Creek on Nov.
loth, 17th and 23th respectively.
Mr. Stroatflekl, of Vernon, well-
known in   ihis vicinity, wa3 here on
through beautiful open country, brokenfOur ai
occassionally   by a creek   or smal
ravine running into Rock Creek, and a
Tuewlaj on businew connected with
I! ■••■ iitrrmite.
A, if. Brot, late chef Hotel d'Ecouo-
!ii>, iuis gone upiii bear Cieck, pro-
fer,ing ii"' fjiu'et of n country life to
ii;-.' tin iiiicil and strife of the city.
iioiv vain theregi'ots wlion Lhesubstauce has
flodl
[*0ul7 JiLpn oari Htiaiain to the end
Bn, wo irteh all good luck to the l.vd that is
speii-
rugun,JTijiiiii'-an4-friee««h—
33B.
••+_______* j. i ' -iy
in the City Dailies aud the
Magazines for city orders,
but you will not get the
country trade through these
mediums.
fw It requires the Local
Weeklies to reach the pocket-
hooks of tiiose people who
live, and live well, too, in
tho agricultural and mining
districts of the Province.
ihe
Okanagan
UNI2N IRO
*~     a —__
Manufacturers of
"s\1
Mining
UUU
•■■n MaeMnepy
Hoisting and Pumping Engines
Iilliilg
U-iile- and Concentrating Machinery
Mining
Review
is the best medium for reach- S-™
ing the people of the South-  1$$
Copper and Lead I'lii'iinco.!
Only Steel and Iron Ship Builders i
Marine Engines, Boilers and All CI
First and Mission Streets
New York Ofllcc: 145 Broadway.
in tho Pooifno Const,
issos of Marino Work.
Cat de Address,
FRANCISCO
"I'nion."
NICHOLLES & RENOUF
~~-r-Z.a-t,c>_*_*____._____.,   _TS,.<C!._,
Farming. Implements. and. Hardware
ALBION
wo
Manufacturers of Hydraulic Pipe, Giants,
All Kinds of
and
MINING MACHIN;
"TfiTiBij-fc-et-jsp
"3:iL^^Ats,   HES'&c
ern   Interior
utubla,
of  British
m
W
Analytical Chemist
And Assayer
GOLDEN,
BRITISH COLUMBIA
ASSAYING   RATES
(Terms Cosh in Advance)
Silver, Hold or Lead, each $1 «0
Silver, Gold and Lead combined 3 00
Silvor and Lead combined  2 to
Silver, Gold and Copper  4 00
Silver and Conner  3 ftO
Silvor and Gold  2 HO
Assayer to the British Columbia Government
of all .Specimens sent from the
Province to
THE WORLD'S PAIR, CHICAGO, 1892.
__i
m
I
«te*
m
Dealer in
General
And Miners' Supplies
FAIRVIEW,
B.C.
Steamer Penticton
Leaves Penticton Every
Monday, Wednesday
and Friday
And Leaves Okanagan Landing Every Tuesday, Thursday and Saturday.
_W Through Freight Rates to Lower
Country Pomes.
S&" For Freight and Passenger Rates
Apply to
THOS. RILEY, Captain
____________________________    11
more desirable piece of rangeland could
scarcely be found, for the growth of
grass is rich and there is an abundance
of pure water obtainable at almost any
point. No attempt to till* it seems to
have been made anywhere, but in time
this will do doubt, support a good
population, for often high bench land
is found capable of wonderful growth,
aud on this at points where the sward
was broken .the soil looked rich and
capable of better things than that of
wild perpetual pasturage.
A ride of about 7 miles from the
crossing of Rock Creek brings us to the
eastern edge of this beautiful tableland.
The view to front and right convoys
the idea that one is standing on the
parapet of huge breast-works heaped
up against an imaginary foe. for right
ahead and away down almost perpendicularly below is the Valley of the
Kettle River, with its narrow fringe of
open between the embankment and
water'3 edge, and on the right Rock
Creek is the moat at the base of the
works while the northern flank is protected by high mountains.
BOCK OBKBK.
After viewing for a few minutes, in
the gloaming, tho quaint little hamlet
of Rock Creek down in the valley with
its string of log and frame houses
straggling along the right bank of the
Kofctle River to where Rock Creek
empties in and a few hundred yards
ejJtesMiej* Aevfttf w*-l«^k^w-Ueset*!rc#i
steep, difficult bridle-path which in a
few minutes more lands us at the door
of what still goes by the name of Had-
digan's Saloon though it is now kept
by Mr. Malcolm McCuaig, a brawny
Scot from the maritime provinces. At
Malcolm's hostelry the traveler gets a
wholesome! substantial meal and good
night's rest at a moderate charge. His
establishment consists of three departments, each in a separate building.
These are the saloon, dining apartment
and sleeping rooms, and each are on
the ground floor, so that neither landlord nor guest need worry about tho
flre-escape3 and no heart-rending intelligence of holocausts need bo expected
from this burg for several months to
come. The entire white population of
the place is made up of Mr, McMynn,
Recorder, with his wife and child, Mr.
Jas. Haddigan, the Postmaster, and
mine host. The recorder's residence
is situated on a slight elevation a few
yards up the river from the saloon.
Here Mr. McMynn represents the Government in the new recording division
formed during the past year, including
the Kettle River and its tributaries,
which embraces all the country lyinf;'
to the east of the divide between Rock I
Creek and the Okanagan water system. |
Besides transacting all tho business j
with pro-emptors, miners and prospec
lis year the date of Thanksgiving
J)ny has been changed, and instead of
being held on the .second Thursday as
heretofore, it is fixed for the fourth
Thursday of November- -the 23rd. This
is the same date as the United States.
Mr. Akroyd's hunting party left on
Monday for Ashnola in charge of Harry
Sliuttieworth. Mountain sheep are
plentiful there and they will doubtless
secure some flue specimens. Donald
McLean, Ed. Reed and A. Beaucage
were also engaged by the party.
Billy Tlie Logger paid us a visit on
Tuesday, having come down to settle
up his business here. He and Bob
Graham are doing well at Bear Creek
getting out logs, and he says their
camp is a regular Dog Town colony ___.
most of the lioys working with ttum>
aro from here.
Tiie dwelling house and store, with
proposed wharf facilities, which Mr.
Snodgrass has in course of erection
present a fine and imposing appearance
to the west side of the town. They are
by all odds the best buildings so far
erected here, and a credit to the owner
and Mr. Brown, the builder.
Tommy Doman left on Wednesday
on the hurricane deck of a cayuse for
Vancouver via the Hope trail. He was
accompanied by a cowrie of the carpenters who were working on the Hotel
Penticton. His departure is much regretted as his genial manner has made
him, a primj^ favorite with all..
Mr. AlphatotiSal Brown's nipw yacht
is still on the stocks but will be pushed
towards completion and the water as -
soon as possible. She is built on the
lines of the Last Chance but is likely
to be better finished and altogether «
more seaworthy craft. It is whisperefl
that all the town will turn out to aee
the launch and that she will he
christened the the "Dernier Resort."
A petition has lieen forwarded pray-
tho Government Agent at Vernon to
enquire into the matter of building 'a
fence across a pttblic road in the suburbs. The road in question has been
used as a wagon rood for the post eight
years and as a trail for years previous,
and it is a gross imposition on the
public and the settlers more immediately affected for the builder to thus
block a common highway.
OBITUARY.
Tlie news of the death of Mr.
Moses Lumby has been received
on all sides with the keenest surprise
and deepest regret. The sad event
happened on Sunday morning last and
the funeral took place -on Wednesday
at Victoria,
Mr. Lumby had been ailing for some
time, and after his return from Victo-
tors, he has the constabulary work of j ri»i in llio latter part of August, and a
the district to perform, and his enforcement of the law is performed in a manner to make it respected, for fairness
and thoroughness characterizes all his
work and the Government are indeed
fortunate in their selection of so eiri
cjent a public officer. Mr. McMynn
also hits a meadow near Camp McKinney and a ranch which will take up
any of his time that is not required for
government business. Messrs. Haddigan and McCuaig also turn their attention somewhat to farming when
their other duties do uot'take up their
attention. Two pre - emptions have
lately been taken up adjoining the
Haddigan ranche, and there is a
rancher 12 mile3 up tho Kettle River
from here and another 25 miles up.
The villago itself is ono which might
occupy the attention of an observant
visitor for days and esiiecially if he bo
one who can take an interest in its past
history, n, mere outline of which would
occupy more space than we have at our
disposal. Columns might he written
upon the incidents attending its earliest
settlement that would read almost like
romance, for the first operations in
Rock Creek reach back to a period before the richest strikes were made in
Cariboo.
(TO BE UONTIN17EU)
trip whioh he made to the lower
Country, his condition became worse
though he stuck to his office for weeks
before finally concluding to go to the
hospital. His principal trouble on
leaving was considered by his physician
to be heart disease, but on his arrival
in Victoria symptoms of typhoid fever
appeared to havo developed, and to
this is ascribed cho immediate cause of
death. In his demise the Okanagan
district loses a good friend and a
strong helper, for his every thought
was the advancement of the district,
and liis position as Gold Commissioner
and Assistant Commissioner of Lands
and Works for the district gave him
opportunity to accomplish a great deal
in its behalf.
 1 _
The beautiful clear days and occasional frosty nights which render the Okanagan October so bright and joyous,
are now here, and their effect on the
foliage is to be seen everywhere. Tlie
deep crimson of the sumach and the
yellow of the cotton wood form our
greatest contrast in autumnal foliage,
and at the present time the beauty
which they impart to tho mountain
sides complete a charming picture to
those who enjoy nature in all her
moods. I]
_s___
Ik Starlet Tunic.
Worn b> Qi._a.'i_Sii 13 wthweBt Mounted
Ta'Ai.i it is the Symbol of Law and
' -Order Prom the Red Rivar to ths
Soo'.'ies-—A Seaii-Militarr Organiza-
" tion Which Has Won tho Admiration
of thd World-
ByJ.G. A. Creiijhton, inrOctoberScribner's.
Iu 1S73 the Dominion of Canada had
a serious problem Co face. It had bought
Rupert's Land from the Hudson Bay Company fcur years previously. The establishment of the Province of Manitoba had required tl.a Wol?o)ey expedition of 1870,
aud the maintenance of a garrison at Winnipeg, which was juat springing up round
the WMden palisades of old Fort Garry.
Bat all beyond the Red River was practically unknown, and 30.00J Indians held the
plains over which the buffalo herds then
roamed. An army of regular troops seemed
necessary to take and keep possession.
This was done by a force of three hundred
men, which for j>ears practically ruled a
region as large as France and Germany,
dealt with unruly populations and most
exacting conditions, and really brought
about the civilizing of this vast district by
personal bravery, judgment, and character.
This paper proposes 10 toll something of
the story epitomized in the badge and
motto of the Vorthwest Mounted police,
whose scarlet tunic is the symbol of law and
order from the Red River to the Rocky
Mountains, anil from the United States
border to Peace River and tho Saskatchewan.
Though organized when the late Hon.
Alexander Mackenzie wag premier, the
Mounted Police were one ol Sir John Mac-
dona'd's inspirations, and after his return
to power, in 1378, they always remained
under his own eye. The red coat was no
mere concession to historic sentiment, but
his crafty appeal to Indian tradition of the
gooi faith and fighting qualities of the
"Kiug George's Man," whose ally their
brethren in the Eist had been, and to
whom even the great Hudson Bay Company
owed allegiance.
The nucleus of the force was got together
in Masitoba, in the autumn of 1873, under
the command of Lieutenant-Colonel French,
of the Royal Artillery, who had done Can-
idagood selvioe in organizing her artillery
thools, and who, after winning   fresh dis-
BAl/OD OF TUB NORTHWEST MOUNTED POLICE
tinotioh in Australia, recontly retired from
the Imperial Army u a Major-General. The
r«tt, making the strength only three hundred ia ill, went from Toronto! to Fargo by
rail, jinJute, IfiZA, and Jht/t» foretostsjof.
~iwtfcy el 160" miles to
lf*i in, on tho Wuthern frontier of Manitoba. Wooding out the weaklings, and
leaving a few gold men to forma depot and
send a detachment to Fort Ellice on the
Assirv.boine, the Mounted Police -began
their record and scored from the outset,
With two fieldguns and two thortara, and
relying on their own transport train for
supplies, they marched 800 miles westward
through an unknown country inhabited by
.39,000 Indians and a few score, white desperadoes, till tho Rocky Mountains were in
eight. Leaving Colonel Macleol, tho Assistant Commissioner, to build a fort in
the very heart of the country of the terrible Blackfeet, where no white man's
life was then safe, and sending another
detachment north to Edmonton among the
.-•Asainiboinei and Wood Crees, the main
column turned   bask.    They   crossed  the
. plains northward by way of Qa'Appelle to
Fort Pelly, butfinding theirintended head-
. quarters were  not  ready   they  returned
" to Djifferin. The thermometer, which had
stood at 100 ° F. in the shade when they
marched out, marked 30 ° F. belowzero ou
their return. In four months, to a day,
they travelled 1,959 miles, besides the
distance covered by detachments on special
service. Once beyond the rich prairies of
Manitoba, hard work in the gravel drifts of
the Missouri Coteau and among the broken
gullies of Wood Mountain and the Cypress
Hills told heavily on their animals. Many
(food horses lived through want of water
and food in tho arid plains where cactus
and sage-bruoh are the only vegetation
round the alkaline lakes, to die from the
effects of unaccustomed forage, or from tho
bitter cohl that came on early iu the autumn, though officers and men gave up
their blankets to shelter their chargers.
But the three hundred policoaccomplished,
without losing a life, what had seemed work
for an army—the taking possession of the
Groat Lone Laud.
One object of the expedition was to drive
out tha gangs of whiskey traders, outlaws
of the worst kind from tho Western States,
who kept the Indians in a chronic state
of doviltry, and only the year beforo had
committed a number of murders and outrages on their own account. Tho forts in
which Ihey wero reported to he entrenched,
at the junction of the Bow and Belly
Rivers, proved to ho merely trading posts,
built of logs, and the inmates had taken
themselves off without giving tho police
a chance to tire a shot. Another object
was to establish friendly relations with
the Indians. This was soon accomplished,
and their confidence in the police has
lasted from that day to this. Their suspicion quickly wore away, and they became outspoken in their expressions of
gratitude to the Government for sending
them such protectors. As ono chief told
Colonel Macleod, " Bifore you came the
Indian crept along, now he is not afraid to
walk erect." They were given a general
idea of the laws, told that theso would be
the m-no for white man and Indian alike
and that they need not fear punishment
excopt for doing what they knew to bo
Jprong. They were promised that their
ands would not be taken from them,
but that fair treaties would be made in
solemn council—promises the faithful
fulfilment of which has saved Canada from
Indian wars, before Ihe end of 1S74
Colonel Macleod was ablo to report that
the whiskey trade was completely suppressed, that an aaarmei man could ride safely
over what had been tho bittlo-ground of
th".s; horeo'i'iary enemies tho Blackfeet and
Grees. 'u»d t*i" f-he only  Indian d'lhcalty
to be apprehended was the meeting of war
parties from the different tribes. The bosi
result of the expedition was the immediate
establishment of a prestige which has
served the Police in good stead in many
a "tight place" since, and has enabled them
to disregard immeasurable odds against
them.
Colonel Macleod succeeded to the command upon Colonel French's resignation.
During tho next two years the Police were
busy building themselves posts, establishing supply farms, and exploring the couutry.
Those were the golden days of tlie force 1
the life tt.as.onc of constant excitement and
adventure,. and the duties were almost
purely military, forno settlers then went
beyond Manitoba. The great herds of
buffalo still ranged the prairies, and it is
strange now to read hi the old order-books
prohibitions from shooting more animals
than could be used for food. The grizzly
bear had not beat his final retreat to the
mountains, and there were antelope in
abundance. The Indians often came into
conflict over encroachments upon each
other's hunting-grounds and were quick to
appeal to the red-coats as arbiters and protectors. At that time the Police had the
whole management of the Indians on their
shoulders. They had to reconcile them to
the coming of the whites, and to protect
tho surveyors, who had already begun parcelling out tho country and exploring the
route of the railway. Their abilities as
diplomats were evidenced by the readiness
with which the Indians entered into the
treaties concluded between 1S75 and 1S77,
and their soldierly qualities by tho bearing
of the detachments that escorted, the commissioners. Convoying the large sums of
money and stores of supplies required for
the annual pay nents to each head of a
family was a perilous duty. The distribution of them required firmness, tact, and
insight into the mystery of Indian character. But these are qualities the Police have
always shown in a marked degree.
In 1877 nearly the whole cf the little
force was concentrated on thesouth-western
frontier to watch and check the 6,000 Sioux
who sought refuge in Canada after their defeat of Custer on the Little Big Horn. Fort
Walsh, in the Cypress Hills, was made
headquarters instead of Fort Pelly ; a pas-
commanding the trails from the Upper
Missouri was established at Wood Mount
tain to the eastward, and the garrison of
Fort Macleod was increased. A tirc.e of
great anxiety ensued. The Canadian Indians, especially the Blackfeet, were strongly opposed to the presence of tho Sioux—
the more so as it was already apparent that
the buffalo would be extinct in a few years.
The temptation was great to smoke the
tobacco sent them, by Sioux runners, and
thus hind themselves to join in an effort to sweep out once and for all tho white
men, whoso numbers eeemed so scanty.
But—chiefly under Crowfoot's influence-
it was resisted, and they helped the Police
by refraining from hostilities, and affording information as to the doings of the
new-comers. Sitting Bull and his warriors
were met with a quiet resolution that
astonished them, and won their immediate
respect. They were told that so long as
they observed the law they would be protected, but could expect nothing more,
and would not be allowed to settle per-
menently in Canada, and they were finally
induced to surrender peacefully to the
United States authorities in 18S0-S1.
The coolness and pluck of the Police
during that critical period waa amazing
Their confidence in themselves is curiously
evidenced by a report from tha officer in
command at Wood Mountain, recommend
. ing that at least 60 men should be station
Le44h<M«r-M Utere <wv_-&v\i&i.' &$&&-8iout-'
camped in the vioinity I On oue oooasion
an attempt by the Sioux wivrriori to rescue
by. force one of their number who had
been arrested, was faced and stopped
by 28 troopers. Such exploits were
frequent. In 1877 Inspector Walsh, with
Doctor Kittson, a guide, and 15 constables,
charged down at daybreak one morning on
a war eamp of 200 Assiniboin s, who after
lllusing and firing at some Saulteaux
camped near by, had threatened to serve
the Police in the same way if they came
Surrounding the war lodge erected in the
centre of the camp, he arrested and took
away the head chief, Crow's Dance and 19
of the principal warriors. Then assembling the remainder ot the chiefs in council,
he warned them of the results of setting
the law at defiance and ordered them to
let the Salteaux go in peace.
Oh one occasion a settler struck an In
dian, whose comrades,.some 500 in all, not
understanding how such an insult could
be atoned for by a fine, promptly proceeded
to destroy the settler's- property. Getting
worked -up. into wild excitement they
soon began firing .indiscriminately, and
threatening to take the lives of all  whjie
man        Pnlonnl     Tr-^hl__ ' ftnel    hia   Ad 111tirrli'-
of settlers came responsibility for lives and
property scattered over an area of 375,007
square miles. Trading posts developed intJ
towns, new centres of population sprang uji
like magic, the cattle-ranchers occupied tile
region at the base of the mountains, an-'
the whole face of the country was changed-
Simultaneously with this coming of tP?
white men ths buffalo became extinct,
and the Indians, reduced at once to poverty, and no longer masters of the plains,
felt their position bitterly. Among taj
thousands of immigrants there was naturally a large proportion of the rougheiY
class, and the thought that a settler's taunt
or hasty action migiit precipitate an Indian
outbreak added largely to the cares of the
Pilice, On the other hand, the Indians,
accustomed all their lives to look upon
other men's horses and cattle as. lawful
plunder, found in horse-stealing and cattle-
killing substitutes for the excitement oj
the war-party  and the  chase,  and serioni
ATHUiJSSTOBY.
A Man Who Murdered 719 Person*
Ameer Ali Idsciilioi llic Way in Which he
Strangled hi- rirst Victim,
A writer in Baily's Magazine says :
Thuggee, s-immarily defined, is, or rather
was, a profession by which, century after
century, thousands of Indian males, Brahmins as well as Mohammedans, bound
themselves by the inost solemn oaths,
and under religious ceremonies carried out
with the sublimity attaching of old to the
•Eleusinian Mysteries, to unite in secret
societies whose purpose it was to punish the
human race, and thus to permit the approbation of Bhowanee, by whom men and
women are abhorred. This punishment
took tlie form of enticing rich travellers to
become the companions of armed bands of
Thugs, who, pretending to be merchants,
or soldiers seeking service with the Nizam,
_^-for with Holkar, Sciudiah, or others among
tha powerful feudal princes, offered protection and companionship to defenceless
bunneas, or traders, to sahouoars (sowcars)
or bankers, to zemindars en the road to big
cities laden with rupees, bars of silver, or
hills of exchange, which they had received
in
PAYMENT FOR THEIR CROI'S.
Even professional robbirs, or dacoits, were
followed for days and nights by wary bodies
of Thugs, who attacked and murdered them
when a convenient spot In the road or jungle was reached, and robbed them of their
plunder. All this homicide was wrought
by the simple agency of a silk handkerchief
flung from behind over the head and throat
of a victim, who was instantaneously strangled, and in most casoi his or her nook dislocated by the dexterous application of
the bhuttote, orstrangler's knuckles, under
the victim's ears. One essential preliminary to the successful and undetected penetration of all these countless crimes was
that the lugghaes, or grave diggers, attached to each band of Thugs were aent in
advance by the commanding officer—the
organization of these bands was strictly
military—to an indicated spot some miles
ahead, in order to prepare ths graves for
the victims about to be murdered. Great
skill was shown in selecting a fitting spot
for the execution of the murders and the
preparation of the grave, so that no evidence of the crime should meet the eye.
The spot selected was often on the edge of a
bushy stream, where the unconscious victim was asked
offices, of the jiounted
DRESS.
POLICE   IN   FULL
men. Colonel IrV'me' and his Adjutant;
Captain Cotton, happened to bo near by.
Though unarmed they rode straight into
the infuriated baud. Rifles were levelled
at them from all aides, but their coolness
told, and the Indians aullenly obeyed the
order to disperse. Incidents like this, however, could be told of every officer who ha3
aorved iu the Mounted Police, nor hive the
rank and tile been behind their officers in
daring and firmness. It was then as it is
now, an every-day matter of duty for a
single constable to enter an Indian camp
and make an arrest. Momentary indecision, or tho display of temper would have
often meant not only failure but certain
death.
In 18S0 Colonel Irvine, who had been
Assistant Commissioner for some years,
succeeded Colonel Macleod iu the command,
the latter becoming Stipendiary Magistrate,
and eventually being appointed a judge
when the Suprsmo Court of the Northwest
Territories was organized in 1886. Their
names will always be associated with .the
rapid and successful development of the
country, and a record of the distinguished
services which both began as Canadian
officers in Lord,VVolseley's Red River Expedition of 1870, would itself be the history
of tho Northwest.
The modern era of that history began
with tho building of the Canadian Pacific
Railway. The rapid progress of this was
largely due to the sen ices of the Polico in
preventing annoyance and attacks on working parties by tho Indians, maintaining
law and order among the thousands of navvies employed, and preventing entirely the
introduction of liquor. An ai my of camp-
followers—gamblers, thieves, and the scum
of the Western border States—flocked in
for their expected harvest, but wero kept
in perfect order. The Police did good
work, too, in quelling strikes, which at
times threatened to become serious disturbances. Mr. Van Home, the President of
the Company, has borne the most telling
testimony to their services in these words
written to the Commissioner: " Without
the assistance of the officers and men of the
splendid force under your command it
would havo been impossible to Accomplish
as much work as we did. On no great
work within my knowledge, where so many
men have been employed, his such perfect
order prevailed."
Till then the Police had mainly their own
safety to consider.    With the rapid influx
encounters were frequent. Another in
stance out of many, which I wish there were1
space to give, will further show the coolness and determination with which the<
Police always act. It happened in 18S2,f|
but is typical of any time in their history.:
A sub-chief of the Blackfeet, named Bull
Elk, stole some beef from a white man and
fired at him. Inspector Dickens—a son
of the novelist by the way—ordered hist
arreat. Sergeant Howe and two constables;
went with the Inspector to the reserve and;
took their prisoner through a mob. Though
they wero knocked down and the Indians
began firing, they stuck to thsir man,-
while the Inspector kept tho Indians back
with his revolver until the reit of tho man
quartered there—only ton of a reinforcement—came to their resoue. The prisonr-
was to bo sent to Macleod for trial, "
Blac1ffe^#arrio«,arm'WwWwhiol
surrounded the post, taunted the sen trie*,,
and tried to exoito the Police to fir* on
them, which, of course, would have ended
everything with the little detachment. On
Crowfoot's intercession and promise to go
bail, the prisoner was allowed to go for a
time. This happened on January 2d, it
was reported at Macleod, 100 milas aiay,
by Sergeant Howe, on the 4th, and by the
evening of the 6th Major Crozier, with
every ai-ailable man, wa3 at the Blackfeet
Reserve, having ordered the field-guns to
bo ready if wanted, The post was hurriedly fortified by eleven the next morning, and
the pri aoner was sent for. Crowfoot asked
if they meant to fight. The reply was,
" Certainly not, unless you commence."
Crowfoot was then in turn asked whether
he meant to do his duty as a chief, assist
|.the Police in their duty, and make aspeeoh
to his people saying the Superintendent had
done right. Tho Indians wore evidently
greatly impreaaed, and after a vigorous
harangue from Crowfoot, endorsing the
action taken. Bull Elk was sentenced atid
marched off to prison. Tho: policy of separating tho tribes, settling'them on reserves
and tdaoliing them to farm, was distasteful
in the extreme to these born rovers ; but.by
great tact the Crees and Assiniboines were
perauadod to move north from the Cypress
Hills to the Qu'Appelle Valley and the
Saskatchewan, guarded by the Police from
the attacks of their old enemies the Bloods,
whoso war-parties wore on the alert to seize
such a chance. They did not all go quietly,
however, for Big Bear, so notorious afterward in the rebellion of 1885, ami another
worthy named Pie-a-Pot,gave much trouble.
The former led 150 braves to sack Fort
Walsh, but tho sight of 10) red-coats,
and two mountain gum on its wooden
bastions, changed his mind and kept
him civil for a time, though soon afterward
Colonel Irvine, with one offher and 22 men,
had to take their lives in their hands by
riding into his camp of 510 lodges to enforce
the surrender of suno horses stolen from
Montana Territory.
(TO  HE   CONTINUED.)
A Easiness Head-
Old Bullion (on his deathbed): " All my
property is willed to you, but I'm afraid
my children by my first wife will make a
contest, and thei the lawyers will get it."
Young Wife t " Don't worry, my love ;
I can easily fix that. I'll marry one of
the lawyers."
After the fair is over-
After the bills for hash ;
Many may be in clovor,
But few at the best in cash I
.TinkB—"Did you ever read 'The Man
Without a Country?"' Winks-"No,
hut I can sympathize with him. I am
' The Man Without any Relatives in Chicago. '"
" Is the boss at home?" Housemaid—
" No, Tuesday is bargain day, and she
never gets home until real late in the afternoon."
She—" If you married a girl  in the hops'!
that she would one day come into a fortune
wouldn't you feel guilty over it ?"   Ho'-
" Not if sho got the fortune."
A remarkable woman dwells in Mo'i is-
ville, Pa. Hernanois Mias S.Uliu jv.o:n-
ginnie, and although she waa born without
arms, and haB but three toes on eich for.t.
She mikes patchwork cushions, plays tha
organ, peels potatoea, sweeps and scrubs,
and does other household work.
TO DESCEND FROM TIIE VEHICLE
in which he was travelling, so as to lighten
the load of the bullocks or horses which
had to climb the high bank on the other
H aide. Scarcely had the poor wretch's foot
touched the ground before the deadly handkerchief was around hia neck, and the foul
deed waa accomplished. The burying party
then ran forward, caught up the body, and
carried it to the grave- prepared for it,
cither among the binhes or rocka, or in the
bed of the atream. Every member of the
murdered man's party or escort, including
women and children, was killed simultaneously by other bhuttotes, or stranglera, and
within a few minutes the bodies of all were
buried together in one long and deep grave,
into which huge rocks were flung, to prevent the keen-scented jackals from burrowing down and devouring the prey. The
murderous band of robbers then betook
themselves onco more to the road after a
delay of a few minutes, and aujh was their
knowledge of the country in. which they
were operating that, under the dexterous
c^tdjawe ofcftlwir laatUrs, jiur+uit »m virtually impossible. Scouts ware continually
thrown out in advance, on the flank, or in
tne rear of "Bhowanee'a faithful children,"
and such was the skill and vigilance under
which tha Uvea of thousands of rich victims
were sacrificed year after year that for centuries total immunity, not only from punishment, but even from suspicion, waa the
reward accorded by Bhowanee and
HSR BLOODTHIRSTY HUSBAND,
Siva, to these scourges of the human race.
Meadows Taylor,in his three-volumedwork
entitled " Confessions of a Thug," tells ua
that most of tho information supplied in his
work came from a ruffian called Ameer Ali,
who told him that,before he turned informer
to Bave his worthless life, he had, as a Thug,
put todeath|with his own hand 719 victims,
"Ah I Sahib," he added, regretfully, " if I
had not been in prison for twelve years, the
number would certainly have beeen 1000."
When Ameer All waa five yeara old his
fathor and mother were killed by Thugs.
The bpjcj.was9p.ared through the interposition of one of trie band.aud was reared aa a
Thug. A" chapter * in'.. Meadows Taylor's
work tella how Ameer-Ali killed his firat
man. Ameer Ali'a foster father had persuaded a rich sowcar toacoompany the band
of Thugs which the old man. commanded
from the sowcar's home in Nagpoor to Hyderabad, whither they were all bound. The
sowcar, imagining himself to be in honest
hands, informed the
HEAD IIF TIIE BAMD OF MURDE?.EH1
that he was about to carry a good deal of
treasure, together with some valuable
jewels and merchandise, from Nagpoor to
Hyderabad. "Just at nightfall," said
Ameer Ali, " the sowcar cams to our camp
in a small tra'etling cart, with two servants
and three ponies, on which his tent and
licig/agn wore laden, and wilh ton bullocks
and their drivers. Altogether there wero
eight men, including tho sowoar. He was
a large, unwieldy man, und I thought him
a good subjoct tor my first irial, My father,
to whom I mentioned my thoughts, waa
much pleased with me.
Daily did 1 repair to my instructor, an
old and accomplished bhuttote, in order to
make myself perfect in my profession. Our
journeyiay through the riohest manufacturing districts of Hindustan until we approached Oomraotie, betweon whioh and
Mungloor three stages interpose. ' Soon'
whispered my father to me, 'I shall decide
on the place for ending this matter, among
some low hills and ravines far ahead.' The
guides were called in and gave a very clear
description of a spot admirably adapted for
our purpose. I now felt that my time had
almost come. Perhaps it was a youth's
weakness, but from that moment I kept out
of eight of the sowoar as much aa possible.
An involuntary shudder crept over me
when I did see him ; but it was too late to
retract and I
HAD A CHARACTER TO GAIN.
It was generally known throughout our
band that I had the sowcar assigned to me
and all looked forward to my first trial
cheering and encouraging me with a few
words whenever I drew lien them. The
handkerchief was then intrusted to mo by
the Gooroo, with the solemn words : 'Take
thia aacred weapon, my son ; put thy heart
into it. In tho holy name of Kalee Bho.
wanee, I bid it do thy will 1' We remained
in conversation some time, and then tnrew
ourselves on our carpets to snatch a brief
rest. Before long wo wero roused, and all
moved out together. The night was beautiful, tho road excellent, and we pushed ou
in high  spirits.    The booty       were about
affair had been managed, would mark it as
an enterprise of superior craft and skill.
We had proceeded about two coss (four
miles) when one of the scouts made his way to
my father's side. 'Is the hole cleared?' asked
my father. 'Inshalla, it is. See yoj yon
dark outline of hills? A stream runa from
them, and in its bed we have made the bhil
or burying plane. You will say we have
done well. It is half a coss (oue mile) from
here. All were warned to be silently at j
their posts, and each man or pair of men
hung close on the rear of those assigned
to them. A man came from the front,
whispered a few words to my father, and
again went his way. From the top of the
bank we looked down upon a small stream
with high and steep sides. This I felt intuitively was the spot, and at that dread
moment my father in a low voice, murmured ' Hooslnaree ? (caution.) He then went
to the side of the cart and representee! to
the sowcar that the bank was so steep and
the bed of tho stream so Btony, that he
WOULD HAVE TO DESCEND.
He did so, and the whole scene is now before me. The bullocks and their drivers
were all in the lied of tho little atream urging on their beasts ; but it was easy to see
that every stranger bad a Thug behind him
awaiting the signal. At that aupreme moment I eagerly clutched the fatal bander-
chief and kept within a foot of my unconscious viotim, "Jey Kalee!" aliouted rny
father. It was the signal, and f instantly
obeyed. Quick as thought the cloth was
around the wretch's neck, 1 seemed endued
with superhuman strength. I wrenched
his neck, deep into which I had thrust
my knuckles -, he struggled convulsively,
and was dead beforo he touched the
ground. I was mad with excitement; my
I blood boiled. Ono turn of my wrists had
placed me on an equality with others who
had followed our holy profession for
years. * * We descended into the bed of
the stream, and were led to the grave. We
proceeded ulong the bed for 100 yards, the
eight bodies being carried each by a couple
of meD. Passing through thorns, whioh
tore our garments at every step, and in profound darkness—the moon could not pierce
the dense foliage above our heads —we came
suddenly upon the grave. There was only
one big hole—it occupied almost the whole
breadth of the stream. It was very deep ;
the lugghaes wore sitting at the end sharpening their stakes wherewith to pin down
the bodies. My father complimented the
diggers upon their dexterity. 'This,' he
murmured in a low, clear voios, ' is a grave
that would bailie even the nose of a hyena.'
As each body was thrown in an incision
was made in the abdomen, through which
stakes were driven, and in this way room
was made for tho gases to escape, so that
the corpses might not swell. The hole in
the bushes through which we had crept waa
closed with great care, and after the
grave had been filled with huge rocka aud
stones, and covered with prickly bushes at
the top, we turned and went on our way
without a word. Ths hindmost man broke
off a thickly leaved branch, and, trailing
it after him, obliterated every footmark in
the dry aand."
HOW OLD IS OUR WORLD ?
Four Ways of iMiinnllii.; It, anil All Involve Staggering Figures.
There are four principal ways of estimating geological time, aocordiug to Mr. W. J.
MoGee, of the United States Geological
Survey. Two of these—one baaed on sedimentation, the other on erosion—are geolog-
ioal ; the third is,physical, depending on>
the earth's temperate und supposed rate of
cooling; and the fourth is astronomical,
resting on inferences as to the cooling of tho
auu and other cosmic changes and condition.
Usually it ia assumed that the rate of degradation of the land ia a foot in 3,000 to
7,000 years,and that in the long run the rate
of sedimentation ou the sea bottoma of the
globe ia the rame. The unit rate commonly
accepted ia that determined by Humphreys
and Abbot from measurements of the matter
transported by the Mississippi liver, on one
foot in 6,000 years. The aggregate thickness
cannot be lesa than fifty miles, representing
a period of 1,501,000,000 yeara for the deposition of the stratHed rocks. This process of
deposition may have been Bomewhat more
rapid at an earlier time, but it constitutes
only the closing episode in the history of the
earth, and agea must have been required for
the antecedent cooling and encrusting of
the planet. Until recently the erosion estimate t. as been seldom applied alone, and
is now of little value except for studying
the latter stages of development from the
wearing of Niagara and o'her river gorges.
Combining the erosion and the sedimentation methods, it ll found that the maximum time that can be allowed for the
latest geological period—the post-glacial—
ic23,000years; the minimum 1,175, and tho
mean 7,003 ; and the maximum allowed for
tha age of the earth is 5,000,000.000,000
yoars, tho minimum 10,000,000, and the
mean 6,001,000,000. The maximum estimate ia quite as probable as the minimum,
whilo the mean is inoro probable than
either. These geological estimates are
based on known but variable factors, and
in this respect, are more satisfactory than
the non-geological estimates.
able of that they woul£ k-ing agG have
been governing us. But wc o-tn give them
perfect freedom, in everj' set** in wh'.ch.
freedom is not a mere itic ' cuit -nd
gabble ; we can see fair play b-;:-< fsa them,
wo can offer careers of reasouab!/; brill'-ancy
to their most promising representatives,
and we can be" good lord to good man,"
not the least reasonable and not the least
noble, on both aides, of possible relations
between human beings.
All else is bosh and marJc ntft, the latter sure too soon to undergo a change into
a nightmare's nest of the 1357 tpye.— [The
Saturday Review.
ITEMS OF IHTEBE8T.
The Isle of Man has no pawnshop.
More people die in spring than In any of
the other seasons.
Ireland is larger than Bzotlsi-&t;," Iwelve
hundred square miles.
Business worries are eaid to be tho caua"
of 12 per cent, of the cases cf insanity.
The Australians have more churches il
proportion to population than any other
people.
Tho Mohawk word for stove polish ia
"Do- yell- nonh-ae-deh-ri-ha-da- ste-ra-
ate-ra-he -ta-kwa."
Wine represents 3 per cent, of the alcohol consumed in England, spirits 'zi per
cent., and beer 71 per cent.
There are over six thousand persons fed
three times a day at Dolma-Bagtoh Palace
while the Sultan of Turkey is there.
Bridget Pendcrgast, after a eleep of two
years' duration, recently shook olf her
drowsiness, in the Central Hospital at Indianapolis.
Statistics show that 23,010,000 inhabitants of the United States are maintained
by agriculture, 15,620,000 by coramerce.and
11,520,000 by manufactures.
To prevent boots from creaking the soles
should be soaked in linseed oi by letting
thein stand in it on a plate; this alao
makea the soles resist witer.
At the present rate of increase there will
lie 63,000,01)0 people in the British Islos iu
fifty years' time, and 191,000,000 in the
United States.
The majority of accidents in manufactories
occur during the last two hours of the
working day, when the employees are
usually tired and carcleaa.
The Honourable Artillery Ccmpa-iy of
tho City of London, which dates from the
time of Henry VII., ia the oldest Volunteer
corps in the couutry.
The highest suspension bridge in the
World is at Fribourg, in Switzerland,where
one is thrown over the gorge oi Gotturon,
which is 317 feet above the valley,
Mr. Gladstone is one of the greatest opponents to divorce in ths English-speaking
world. He believes that niarriajj t is a contract for life.which only expires when life
itself expires.
A patent has been granted in Auckland,
Mew Zealand, for a net to catch whales.
The mesh ia big enough for a calf to pass
through, and it ia said to have been used
already with great sucje3a.
"Did your husband swear he loved you
before you married him?" "No, he did
not; but you ahould hear him awoar now
when he has to walk the floor :vt night with
the baby."
In some parti oi Mexico,  the   party in
Dnsland, India, ani tha Stiok-
If there ia one thing that hurts the tender feeling) of those who meddle with things
Indian inoro than another it is to be reminded that what we represont in India ll
" the stick."
From Travancore to Hunza, wilh very
trilling exceptions, ivi got it by the
stick, and from Hunza to Travancore
wo must keep it by tho stick. And,
as may be aeen in this remarkable instance, it is for the exercise of tho stick thai
the very natives themsoWos look to us.Thoy
—that is to say, the Hindu part of them,
nnd a part of that part only—may congress
and conference and write leading articles
and cram for Givernment po3ta and cultivate a taste for representative institutions.
But when it comes to the pinch, it is thoy
who cry to us to come and protect them
from tho adversaries they would be so glad
to rule, who actually complain that wo do
not come Boon enough to their protection.
Now are cow protection societies, ami
things of that kind, to be overlooked and
anoered at. We know, by unfortunate experience, that it ia quite possible for Hindus
and Mohammedans to be at each other's
throats one moment and at oura the next.
And it is equally indisputable that notbinc
but our presence prevents them from being
chronically in the first state, and that it is
impossible to strengthen our rule too much,
in order to prevent disaster to them as well
as to ourselves.
Every one who knows the facts, who is
capable of drawing inferences from them,
and who has the courage and honesty to
look his own inferences in the face, kmws
that We are, and alwaj's must be, nothing
in India but a garrison an army of occupation.
,n ......  Du„.^     *..= ..„„..,        ....... „„™v,     We cannot teach the natives of India to
to wnire, the tact with  which the  whole I govern.themaelves, for if they had been cap-
power maintain their positions by ttutiwhig
into jail, their political oppouenta %n the
ove of aa eieatiou.» Wheu> tha 'eaUo^ou «*."%
decided, the disfranchised are released.
A miniature fort has been erected in ths
playground of the eons of the German
Emperor. It is furnished with little cannon,
and tho lads are taught to fice tlism, and
bombard a hostile camp scienlilicilly.
A lady physician attends tha Queer, of
Ourea, and receives piy #t the rate oi
S15,(;00 a year. When the queen is sick,
the salary stops;.mil of course the ptitslaUu,
at auch times, feels almost as wretched aa
her noble patient.
To induce people of small means to empty
their financial stockings, Detroit hi3 iBsuo.l
bonds in as small denominations as $25.
These are being taken up rapidly and ihm
the hoarded dollars are returning to tha
usual channels of trade.
Frederick Hurlbns, of Woodbrid^e, Va.,
having been spurned by the woman he loved,
committed suicide. In obedience to bis
dying request, he has been bu.-ied where
the woman who rejected him can view his
gravestone from her door-way.
Christine Nilsson's bedroom, in ho; Madrid home, is rathereceen trically decorated,
Its walls are pipered with sheets of music
from the various operas in wh'.ch sho has
performed. Her dining-room walls are
covered with hotel bills sho has paid in
various parts of the world.
Tho Turkish Sultan Irtely decided that
his 167 wives ahould be vaccinated. A doctor was called to the harem, and lie stood
on one side of a temporary wooden wall,
through whioh a hole wa3 bored. No outsider is ever permitted to gaze upon tlie
faces of the Sultan's wives. All arm oi
each woman was passed through tho aperture, aud tho doctor vaoslnalod them all
without getting a glimpse of their faces.
Statistics show that the entire ajfrioulttire
of the world furnishes employment to 380,'
001,000 mon aud represents an invested
capital of 8254,000,000,000. Tiie annual
produot ia worth over 820,000,000,000. Il
ia estimated that civil.zed nations pcy annually for food £18,700,000,000,
The River St. Lawrence, it is estimated,
covers t) 1,000 square miles : and ;is nearly
the whole of this area averages C JO feot in
depth, tli3 aggregate volume, o; water cau-
not b i much short of 10,800 solid miles. It
is computed that a body of water of thu
size would require more than 13 years to
pass over the Falls of Niagara at the rate of
1,000,000 cubic feet in a socond.
Tho limit of vision varys with elevation,
condition of the atmoa^nere, eto. -On a
cloar day an object raised one foot above a
level plain can be seen at a distance of 1.31
mitoa ; one ten feet high, 4.15 miles ; one 20
feet high, 5.SO miles; ono 100 feet high,
l.'i 1 miles, and one a milo high (as the top
ot a mountain), almost 96 miles—to bo exact
95.23 miles.
There is a large bowller lying in a field
near Foremark, England, which is known
throughout Derbyshire aa " Hangman's
Stone." The exposed portion of the bowl-
di r rises about 6 feet above the surface of
tho surrounding field and has a narrow
ditch or indentation running aoross the top.
Tho mark,so tradition says,was madeiu thii
way ; A sheep thief in the dead of night,
while leaning against the bowlder to rest,
placed his booty above on the flat surfact
of the stono. The man had the sheep tied
with a.rope and in its effort to escape tin,
creature slipped on the opposite aido and tlw
rope, catching under tho thief's chin, choked him to death. The indentation in theroo'a
was made by the friction o! the rop« xriiill
the dying man waa ena&g-:d '-1 as effai* in
extricate WiniueU- r*
fV)
YOUITO FOLKS
Harry's Go.vinj-
Pari
M. !-. I). S.
: broight me ho-ne simci tools,
A -cm'.-, a nice tn-l lio-i.
And Mamma, sho z we mo tlie soei
From wliicli Bweol tl iwjrs ge'o.v.
And ivhen I'd dug up with my ^p lie
Anil raked out nil the weeds,
I niariea lovelv littlo b :il
And planted my nice seeds.
And then I went ont every day,
Hut days go very slow,
1 did not know it took wo lone;
For 11.. -.vor.i from s-^e 1 to grow,
But then you boo I'm only five
Ami so I didn't, know
You llrst must take the wrapper ''..
Before the seed can grow!
ily.and the only way to keep it was to have
its owner, too.
So Esben got the Princess  and  half the
kin-lorn, and they lived happily and well
il£W3 Of ELECTRICITY.
A Mnvirii-Ai. tax os __________%■tihcity.
The  inhabitants   of   the   little  town
Vigan, Fran-:
of
.,»., ... e,are anxious to have the ele.?-
trie light, but they are likely to be disappointed. There was great excitement at the
civil tribunal of the town when a very
curious question was recently disposed of.
It appears that the town had rented out its
municipal taxes to a shrewd and enterprising gentleman named Carriers, and among
the dutiable articles over which he thus acquired control were petroleum and candles.
Pjjjjjjjjj^Pjj---,^-^.^.^^^^^^^^^^       So  when  the  municipal   authorities gave
,  their sanction to an electric lighting scheme
m,     M p. and permitted the new mode of illumination
ins taa-Tic npo- to •     untaxed) u. Carriere put his foot
I here was a king in Norway, long, long (iown aml crie(i a imh- He arr_,ued tllftt if
ago, who ov.'iied some wonderful hares. He t!ie eleeti ie light were use,! there would be
wanted ft keiper for them, and the word » fulling off in the con-umption of candles
was that only a pretty bright s?rt of a fellow ami oiU< t0 Uu, prejurlioe of bis bargain with
need app y. the municipality,  and he  appealed  to the
At the foot of thu c is'.le hill lived a poor cWi\ authorities. The result of his complaint
man with /ill three sons. The boys were wa3 Ul!lt be wag act,0,.ueii damages to the
growing up fast, but never yet had earned | amo,ml 0f SS0, and it was decided to hold
i b' ii- ii ill.    Peter and Paul, the elder sons, j t;ie electric light company responsible to the
59 AND 18.
One to the Youngster-
The following story is told of a littlo boy.
The boy was tired  out with a hard day's
play, and when he retired he was too sleepy
Two Esperienoaa in Kemptvills Ot interest \ to say his good-night prayer.    His   mother
To Other* i tr'e(i in Vain to have hiin say it, and finally
I sent the-father in.    He found the boy  just
sinking into  a tired  sleep, and  demanded
that ho should get up  and say his  prayer.
,^,^,^,^,^,^,^_ The little fellow arose  wearily, sank do- pi
OsmtlsrHelallea Itter Mm-h Suffei-ins; j upon hi, knee,  ,,y the beilgido  an,I began,
" O, dear Lord ! please make papa say his
prayers sometimes when he's as tired as I
am.    Amen."
Mr. Hugh  Brnvrnlee  TcIIh  Bow tie Was
—Hlsi llrlm Jl: in Siiir.-i'.-.l From Trim
hie Im-iitini to GlrlUood—Her Case
(lilii'lil    ElllV, M'.e' round llelcuso.
found nothing near at hand good enough for
them to do, and strutted about like lords,
waiting for an opportunity to prove what
great men they were.
The place at the castle was just to their
taste. Th :y wouldn't servo any one less j
than a King, they said. It was agreed tlmt '
Peter should try his luck first. Hin father
warned him to be careful, for the King
WC* to mark three red stripes on the back
of him who lost even one of the hares.
Peter thought there was uo danger of
this in his case. So he Btrode up the hill,
all puffed up with pride, and soon strode
down again in disgrace.
Precisely what happened to Peter happened to Paul, aud neither could see that
he was to blame.
" Esben, the youngest Eon, was an odd
chap, always digging and delving, and trying to find the meaning of all the strange
things in this strange world. His brothers
laughed at him when he declared he could
manage the King's hares, for they thought
he wasn't likely to do better than they.
His father didn't want another of his sons
to wear the Kind's red livery, but the lad
was so determined to go that at last he got
leave. He put some lunch in his scrip and
off he started.
On hia way up the slope he met an old
woman, bowed and trembling with age.
" For the love of mercy, give me a morsel to eat, my pretty boy," cried she.
"Wha*.lhave mother,"said Esben, kindly, " I'll gladly share with you."
" No one ha3 called me mother this many
a day," croaked the old crone. " Your fine
brothers mocked at me when I asked them
for food; Well, they've had their desserts,
and you shall have yours."
So they sat down, and the old woman ate
the lion's share of the lunch. Then she
gave Esben a pipe and said if he blew into
one end he could scatter what be chose to
the four winda-of heaven, while if he blew
into the other end all would gather together
again. If the pipe wero lost Esben could
have it a*ain for the mere wishing.
" That's something like a pipe," said Es-
| ben.
At the. ca3lle the King promised him
good pay if he would tend the hires. If
he held out long enough he should havo the
Princess and half her kingdom. At the
■ametime he thought it right to remind
Esben bow it Had fared with his brothers.
Eaberik'new/wHat lie "knew, and *as
ready to do his part. He found the hares
quite docile at first but before the wood
waa reached they scampered over hill and
dale.
"Ho! Stop!" cried Eibsn but they would-
| n't stop.
Then he tried his   pips   and   soon   they
I were rr.ngo i before him in rank and file like
a troop of soldiers.
." A pretty good pipe this," says   Esben.
He took his ease now, thinking and plan-
Ining,'while the   hures gamboled   to   their
I heart's content.  At eventide lie drove them
| peacefully back to the castle.
Tiie King and the Queen with their Prin-
Iccss daughter witched him from the  castle
tepM and onunted tho hares as   the   King
| might ; not one w is missing.
He's not a bad boy," thought the Prin-
|ce«s.
Toe no.;', morning the Q/.ieon Bent her
ii lid to t'i i woo 1 to Isirn how tne new
neper mtiu'jid tflie hams. Esben wasn't
ilow'in s'mviiT^ Inr his pipe and ..what he
lOuUl dewithsit. .. .- ..'**
'fhemiid offered a fluhdrod   dollars   for
lie pipe:-'     ■  -   ■ -';': -'■
" it is not for 3 no," Seiid, J'liben   baj^you
|may have it. "'.
So sr.e.^'ll t.hopipni'b'ut brjforc shttreaoli-
nl the Ci.nlo it. was gone.
They   s:nt tho   Princess, tlie next day.
ISiis was as blithe as a lark and as beautiful
as tlio moaning,    Eihen wis hap,.y to show
her his treuurc.    She Offered him $200 for
it.
The pipe,WW  not for sale, Esben  said.
IS.ill iliu I'riiioesa might have it lor 839'J
and n liis! for every dollar.
The   Princess (node a terrible fuss, but
|Jv<!-c:i got ivh.it he asked.   She held fast to
the | ipo,  but  b-jf.ire  long it had  slipped
I in igh horlingim,
II.r father laid hi would teach that hares
rit iiumpared away, then oamo trooping
ether   at  the sound oi   the  pipe.    He
ViKild give 81,000 for it, ho said.
11 don't care to sell it," Esben said :
|" but yoii may have it for the thousand
dollars,   Your   Majesty,   if   you will kiss
the white mare alan iing behind yonder fir
reo."
The King mado a very wry fioo at this
proposal, but the pipe was to be had at no
ither price. So getting leave to put his
dlk handkerchief over his mouth, he kissed
ihe mare, lituided over tho thousand dollars
ind grasped tho magic pipe. He put it in
lie purse, buttoned this up in his pocket,
.n^ started home, but when he went to
how the pipe he found he had fared no
letter than others. It was gone, and tho
Ling's fury knew no bounds.
That night the King told Esben he must
fie for his wicked pranks,
" Does the Printiess want me to die?" ask
\d Esben, in a low, tender tone.
The beauteous damsel blushed rosy red,
\~t never a word spoke sho.
"Does the Queen want me to die!" he
text usked.
The Queen looked at her fair daughter,
Ind she looked at Esben. He seemed more
ke a young prince than a keeper of hares,
nd the Queen had never Been a man she
'ould rather havo for a son. Her eyea-turn-
1 wistfully to the King, but she said noth-
g.
" Would the King truly put hia servant
i death?" asked r";ben, but before tho King
jould reply ho continued in hia moat coax-
Jig tones:    " That would be to break our
|argain, and Ihe King's word is sacred."
tThen the King ceased to be angry and re.
embered his promise. After all, tho pipe
ould be a uaslul thiug to have In the fam-
municipality in respect of anv  further  injury to the taxation.
I THK KI.ECTItlC I'AI'TKHY   FOB    MF.ATMAV.KIN'I,.
The report of iheseleotCommittoo on the
Marking of Foreign Meat in England has,
after a lengthy investigation, been issued.
The committee state that they are disposed
to believe that after public attention has
been called to the system of marking by
electric cautery, the improvements of inventors and the experiments of agricultural
societies and oilier bodies interested in the
matter, may develop a plan which, either
alone or combined with that of affixing
metal tags through the shank bones, would
still further protect tho customer. This
statement is in tereatingas showing the strong
feeling which obtains in England of the
superiority of English meat, and the determination to have native and foreign meat
so clearly differentiated that ihe butcher
can practice no imposition on the public by
charging full prices for the imported article.
The fact of greatest interest, from an electrical standpoint, developed by the committee was that owing to the greater thickness of the skin, the application of cautery
to the sides of the aniuial was attended with
considerably less injury both to skin and
flesh than was the case with the shoulder or
legs.
IMPROVED  LIOnTNINQ CONDUCTOR.
Several serious accidents have been caused by the destruction of the lower part of
the iron bar  of  lightning conductors.    In
ono ease such destruction was caused by the
vapors escaping   from  the mouth   of the
chimney, and the  heavy iron  bar at the
upper  end of   the   conductor fell   to  the
ground with disastrous results.   In another
case, where   the bar was   of copper, the
lower part became completely oxidized, and
the bar bent over and fell.   Such contingencies as these are now provided against
by inclosing the parts exposed to injury in
glass tube3 of a special  form.    The apace
between the metal and the t-laas ia filled up
by a specially  prepared  kind  of cement.
The upper end of the highest tube is covered hermetically  by a small conical  glass,
allowing only the platinum point of the
bar to project.    It ia in many cases of the
greatest importance   that the number of
times   a lightning   conductor   is   struck
should be known, especially  where   it  ia
desired to locate veins of metalliferous ore,
and a German firm of electricians has devised an apparatus for thia purpoae.    This
instrument registers, without in any way
interfering with  the conductor itself, the
number of times the lightning conductor ia
struek.    It ia of very simple construction ;
a cast-iron box carries the working parts,
consisting of a simple iron  bar, which is
magnetized by the current in the conduc
tor, and deflected against the control of a
apring, moving the. hand one diviaipn at
each impact.    All the works are fastened
to the cover of  the box so as  to be easilj'
accessible,an 1 the sensibility is so arranged
that a momentary current of at least 250
.mperes is required to move tho pointer.
electricity: is  the  future OF AGKICl'n-
TUI.E.
Prof. G. D. Shephardson takes very practical views of  tho part that electricity is
likely to play in the agriculture of tho future.    An agricultural problem of signal importance ia the dragging of a plow, harrow,
seeding midline, reaper or loaded   wagon
across a field, in a straight line and back
again.    The electric motor is particularly
adapted to auch work, since it  ia simple,
ban exeareise'- ample 'pbwer .wtithout. excea-
sivo weight, cirri.es neither iu.el.nor water,
aiu) can easily lie protected  as to its few
weiring   parts'.-from, (l.iifft   and.' wetjther.
Practically everything that ia.now done by
hand in farm work can hi done by electricity,  and at a greatly reduced coBt.     The
electric lighting, apart from the inoreaaed
convenience,   so .'educes the   fire  risk  on
farms that *.lio increased cost is moro than
compensated for.    By the employment of
portable  electric   light   plants  harvesting
operations can be carried on at night with
double gangs of   men.    Tlie   ability to do
this ia found  to be of immenao service in
bad weather, as a  crop,  whioh  otherwise
might be ruined, can be got in in half the
ordinary time.    This plan is largely adopted in Germany,   and it is found  that the
farm laborers make a hotter showing when
working through the cooler temperature of
night.    Prof. Shephavdson has also made a
critical analysis of experiment! to date on
vegetation   with static electricity, on the
soil with current, oloctricity, and on growing   plants   with    electric   illumination.
While commending much of tho work that
has been done in these departments, Prof.
Sliephardaon is of opinion  that further investigations of a more quantitivc order are
necessary   before   it   can   bo   determined
whether tho action  of oleitrieity  in  these
experiments is absolutely beneficial to the
crop, and whether the application of it can
be effected with profit.
from the ivemptville Advance.
One of the best known men in the county
of Grenville and the adjacent county-of
Carltton, is Mr Hugh Brownies, of Kempt-
ville. Mr. Browulee was born in Carleton
county in the year 1834, and until about
five years ago resided in the township of
North Gower. Having by industry and
good business ability acquired a competence
lie deternrned to retire from tlie somewhat
laborious life of a farmer, and taking up
his abode in a beautiful home in the village
of Keinptville, has since continued to reside
here. It is well known to Mr. Brownlee's
friends and acquaintances that he bus Buffered for years from Sciatica of a violent
form, and it has lately been understood that
haa at laat been relieved from the
pangs of this excruciating disease. Recently
while in conversation with Mr. Browulee, a
reporter of the Advance asked hiin to give
his experience for the benefit of other sufferers which he gladly consented to do.
" You are aware," said Mr. Brownies,
that most of my life haa been epent upon
a farm, and In addition to farming 1 followed the business of buying cattle, sheep and
lambs. Iu doing so I was exposed to all
sorts of weather and over-exertion, which
brought on severe attacks of sciatica. I
suffered for about ten years, trying all sorts
of powerful remedies, but without doing
me a particle cf good. During this long
period of suffering I was deprived of much
sleep and many a night I tumbled about in
bed nearly all night long suffering the most
excruciating pains. In fact I was rapidly
approaching the condition of a chronic
cripple. I had tried so many remedies that
I was becoming discouraged, and almost
despaired of obtaining relief. ,\i hilo in this
condition I was induced to try Dr. Williams' Pink Pills. I took tho pills for some
time without any noticeable results, but
feeling as if they were a Inst resort I continued their use. Then came a alight change
lor the better, and every day added to my
steady improvement, until now after the
use of about eighteen boxes I am nearly
as well aa ever I waa, being almost entirely
free from pain. I am still using Dr. Williams' Pink Pills and feel confident that my
cure will be permanent. You may be sure
that I am grateful for what Pink Pilla have
done for me and I am only too glad to bear
testimony to their merit. Indeed I believe
they are deserving of every good thing that
can be said of them."
Mrs. Browulee was present nnd said that
she, too, could vouch tor the beneficial effects derived from the use of Pink Pills.
She had suffered for nearly four years with
terribie soreness and pains in the back of
the head and ntek, accompanied by frequent
attacks of dizziness which caused great
distress and inconvenience. Having observed
the beneficial eflecta Pink Pilla had upon
her suffering husband, Mrs. Brownlee determined to try them, and from the outset
found relief, and after the use of four boxes
found that the soreness was all gone and
tor the past three months she had been
almost entirely free from pain. She haa
tho greatest confidence in Dr. Williams'
Pink Pilla and believes them the greatest
medicine of the age.
Speaking of alow-going people,. the   mon
in charge of the watch counter in a jewe Iry
store is generally behind the timea.
Be careful of your conduct, please?
Whet'.you are married,clearest daughter;
Love's blind in courtship, but it sees
In wedlock more than ifhad oughter.
Role—"Couldn't we get up a   lottery for
the benefit   oi the   church';''    Daisy—"A
lottery!    Our  minister   is  so   opposed to
lotteries that be has conscientious scruples
about performing   the marriage   services."
We oft call flattery "soft soap,"
And this the reason why :
We readily detect ill each
The presence of the lie.
Fair customer—"Is it true that milk is
soured by lightning?" Thoughtless milkman—"No; by thunder." And to this day
he doesn't know why she transferred her
patr-sia^e to a rival  dealer.
Since iheestablishmeiit of the public bath
and waihhouiea of the parish ot St. James
Westminster, forty years ago, the numbe
ot visitors has been no less than six an
three-quarter millions.
"I should like to know when you are
going to pay that bill. 1 can't come here
every day in the week." "What day would
suit you best?" "Saturday." "Very well,
then yon can call every Saturday."
Kaiser Wilhelm is reported to havo gone
through-the Hebrew quarter of Berlin re'
cenlly in the guiso of a Hebrew pedlar, with
a view to obtain an idea of the condition of
the poorer Jews.
They Spsak for Themselves-
T'icion, Fb. 17.—This ia to certify that
I have used Poison's Nerviline for rheumatism, an'd have found it a valuable remedy
tor all internal pain, and would greatly
recommend it to the public.—N.T. Kings-
lev.
Leeds County, Jan. 9.—We are not in
the habit of puffing patent medicines, but
wo cannot withhold our testimony as to the
groat value of Nerviline as a remedy for
pain. We have pleasure in recommending
it as a never-failing remedy.—Rev. H.J.
Allen-, Besj. Dillon, and many others.
Sold by druggists.
"A EackBnmber-"
This is the slighting remark that is often
applied to women who iry to seem young,
though they no longer look so. Sometimes
appearances are deceitful. Female weakness, functional troubles, displacements and
lrregulariries will add fifteen years to a
woman's looks. These troubles are removed by the use of Dr. Pierce's Favorite Prescription. Try this remedy, all you whose
beauty and freshness is fading from such
causes, and no longer, figure in society as a
"back number." Its guaranteed to give
sati:-cfaction in every case, or money, paid
for it returned. See
wrapper.
For Dyspepsia.
A. Bellanger, Propr., Stove Foundry, Montagny, Quebec, writes: "I
have used August Flower for Dys-
*• pain > pepSia.   It gave me great relief.    I
guarantee on bottle- j *e(fommend \ to all DySpepticS ES a
_    * j very good remedy."
"I told you to go to the devil wi'.'.i mat
bill," exclaimed the angry editor. "And I
went," said the cool collector, "but the
devil said yon were owing him, too."
Little stocks of Water,
If mixed wilh proper sand,
And floated on the market,
Stiff rates oft, command.
What is JNesdsd
By every man and woman if they desire lo
aecure comfort in thia world is a corn ahell-
er. Putnam'a Corn Extractor shells corns
in two or three days and without discomfort or pain. A hundred imitations prove
the merit of Putnam's Painless Corn Extractor, which is always Mire, safe, and painless. Sec signature of Poison k Co., on each
bottle.    Sold by medicine dealers.
A machine for making mortar has been
for some mouths in successful operation in
Philadelphia.
A. P. 680.
Ed. Bergeron, General Dealer,
Lauzou, Levis, Quebec, writes: "I
have used August Flower with the
best possible results for Dyspepsia."
C. A. Barrington, Engineer and
General .Smith, Sydney, Australia,
writes: ' August Flower has effected
a complete cure in my case. It acted like a miracle."
Take care that your drafts on
\ your physical endurance don't come
J back to you some day marked "no
funds."    Take
Sale of Frozen Milk-
An important industry has arisen in
France, the selling of milk frozen solid in
cans. It haa been discovered that milk car
be kept perfectly fresh in a frozen condition
for moro than a month. It ia frozen by
means of an ordinary ice-making machine
and despatched by road,rail or Bteamertol*
destination. The customer who purchase
tho frozen milk has simply to thaw it when
t ia required for use.
Always Fresh.
He : What a fresh complexion Mias
Flirtie haa."
She (rival belle) : " Yea, fresh every day,
I believe."
Conundrum—"What's tho difference
between a eat and a legal document?"
Answer—"The one has clawsos at the end
of its pawsos; the other has pauses at the
end ot its clauses."
A YOUXl! LADY h exterience.
Having heard that Miss Delia Main, a
young lady who lives with her parents not
far from Mr. Browulee's residence, had alao
been greatly benefited by the use of Pink
Pills, the reporter next called upon her.
Miss Main is a handsome young lady, eighteen years oi ago, with the glow of health
in her cheeks. In reply to enquiries, Misa
Main said that some two years ago she began to be affected wdth weakness peculiar
to many young girls. Her face was pale,
sho was troubled with heart palpitation, and
the least exertion left a feeling of great
tiredness. She had good medical treatment
bnt without getting relief, and at last her
condition became so bad that her parents
and friends feared she was going into a decline and almost dospairod of her recovery.
At this juncture Miss Main was induced to
try Er. Willbtms' Pink Pills, which are an
mifailing specific in cases of this kind.
Having - lost all confidence in medicine,
Mias Main to»k Pink Pilla irregularly at
firat.but finding that they wero helping her
she began to take them regularly according
to directions. From thia time out improvement in her case'was steady and rapid, and
after-the use of a dozen boxea alio found her
health fully reatored. "I believe," aaid
Misa Main, "that if it had not been for Dr.
Williams' Pink Pills I would not be alive
to-day, and I btrongly recommended them
to all girls who find themselves in a condition similar to what mine was." Misa
Main'a mother was present and fully endorsed what her daughter said, adding that
eho fully believed Pink Pills had saved her
life.
Mr. Angus Buchanan,
is also reeve of the village was asked if
many Pink Pills are aold. His reply
was that they have a larger salo than any
medicine, and still the domain! ateadily
increases, which is the heat evidonce that
Pink Pills aro a great remedy, and there
can be no question of tho groat good they
accomplish.
Dr. Williams' Pink Pills contain in a
condensed form all the elements neco88ary
to givo now life and richness to the blood
and restore shattered nerves. They are an
unfailing apocific for such diseases aa locomotor ataxia, partial paralysis, S„. Vitus'
dance, sciatica, neuralgia, rheumatism,
nervous headache, the after affects of la
grippe, palpitation of the heart, restore
the glow of health to pale and sallow com-
plexiona, and relieve the tired foeling re-
aulting»from nervous prostration ; all diseases depending upon vitiated humors in
the blood, such as scrofula, chronic erysipelas, etc. They aro alao a specific for
troublos peculiar to females, such as suppressions, irregularities and all forma of
weakneaa. In the case of men they effect
a radical cure in all cases arising from
mental worry, over-work or excesses of
whatever nature
These pills are manufactured by the Dr.
Williams' Medicine Company, Brcckville,
Ont., and Schenectady, N. Y., and are sold
in boxes covered with the firm's wr»pp;r
and trade mark, (never in loose form hy t_»
dozen or hundred and the public are caution
ed against numerous imitationa sold in this
Bhape) at 50 cents a box or six boxea for
S'2.50, and may be had of all druggists or
direct by mail from tho Dr. Williams' Medi-
cino Company from either address. The
price at which these pills are sold makes a
course of treatment comparatively inexpensive aa compared with other remedies
or medical treatment.
Of Pure Cod Liver Oil&Hypophosphites
to increase your energy and so make good
yonr account at the bank of health.
IT CUKES
CONSUMPTION, SCROFULA,
t BRONCHITIS, COUGHS, COLDS
i and al! forms of Wasting Diseases,
I     Almost as Palatable as milk. Be stlh:
iyougrt the genuine as there are poor imi-
i tations.
i     Prepared only by Ser.rl & Bowne, Belleville,
-ns___Kii   HWccc—IWWMW ——__—._.,.
Best tattie World!
Get the Genuine!
Soid Everywhere!
Mrs. II. D. West
ot Coruwallis, Nova Scotia.
$200Worth
Of Other Medicines (Failed
But & Bottles of Hood's Sarsaparilla
Cured.
"It |3 with pleasure that I tell of. the great
benefit I derived from Hood's Sarsaparilla.
for (3 years I havo been badly afBlclcil Witt
Erysipelas
breaking out with running sores during hot
summer months. I have sometimes not baen
able to use my limbs for two months fit a time,
lieing induced to try Hood's Sarsaparilla, I got
one bottle last spring, commenced using it; felt
fa much better, got two bottles more; took
;,iem during tho summer, was able to do nitf'
Housework, and
Walk Two Miles
whioh I had not rione for six years. Think \
am cured of erysipelas, and recommend any
person so .".filleted to use
Hood's Sarsapari!l!a<
Four bottles has douo more for me thnn ,?200
'vorth of other medicine. I think it tho best
jIooi! purifier known." JIns. 11. D. West,
CllUl'oll street. Coruwallis, N. S.
HOOD'G Pll t_S cure liver 111 j, constipation  biliuuinnm    jnirnnlpi-, c'ci- s-,-..!-.-!,-   nn
The High Speed Family Knitter
^ ■■ Will knit 1U put™ nocks  pw
dny. "Will do nil work any
,..nin ofroular knitting m&otilno
will do, from hoi nun nun or factory yarn. Tlio most pmnilcal
family knitter on the market. A
child can operate it. Strone,
Durable, Simple, Rapid. Wc
guarantee) every machine to do
•S        IHBR1&']   ff(>od work. Beware of imitationa,
tfc,        _$_%__§>**/■ I   Agents wanted.    Write for par*
Lieu I are.
. Dundas Knitting Machine Co.. Dundas, Ontario.
IT IS A GREAT MISTAKE
To think that you must
wear   wide,   ill-looking
ahoea to have comfort.
Our  shoes  are   both
easy tnl elegant
nice to look at
and
comfortable-
Geo. Gates, Corinth, Mir.s.,writes:
" I consider your August Flower the
best remedy in the world for Dyspepsia. I was almost dead with
that disease, but used several bottles
of August Flower, and now consider myself a well man. I sincerely
recommend this medicine to suffering humanity the world over." ®
G. G. GREEN, Sole Manufacturer,
WoodbuKf, New Jersey, V. S. A-
ACRES OP LAND
for salo by the Shut Paul
^^^^^^^^^^^ & Dcr.UTri EAir.r.OAD
CoMrANY in Minnesota. Eend for Maps and C'irou"
tare.  They will be sent to you
Address
HOPEWELL CLARKE,
Land Cominiasiouer, Bt. Paul, Mian*
ArtifieialLiffi
J.DOAN&'$OX
For Circular Address  .
77 Nortl]Colc Ave.Tororito
while in wear.
The J. D.
KING CO.
79K1KG EAST.
Ltd.
COMPLETE COURSE IN SHOHTHANO.
Isaac Pitman
SHORTHAND
The Complete System
thoroughly taught by
Mail for only 1 Dollar.
Tho chance of a lifetime. Every
boy nnd girl in Canada should
oommenco it at once.   Tbear-
— tides will soon commence.—
Succc-s guaranteed.—Send in your llollar immediately, to commenco at the beginning.
Best Method in the World for imparting Shorthand.
Barker &Spence's Shorthand &
Business School, Toronto.
TBCBJ BE3T IS
ALWAYS THLJSHEABfi8IU_w
* en
09
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03   -O
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£ I
It lias STOOD  TH1C  TEST for over    40
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claim.
. Wo still GUARANTEE it to be MORE RE
LIABLE IN STORMS than any othor wind
mill mado.
i Wo moke several other styles both for
PUMPlNGWATERnnd DllIVINO MACIIIN
JERY, it WILD PAY YOU to WRITE US
forlargedos'criptivc catalogueb'fore purchasing olsewbere. ONTARIO PUMP CO.
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> vs.
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unprecedented facilities lor  iionuiriug a
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To   r.'il   uur n«w ««"'•
TORONTO ELECTRICAL WORKS.
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Agents everywhere.
A«FA"M. IIF.UE YOII AHE,—Samantha at
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Over 109 Illustrations. Nearly liJO pug is. No
Territory assigned. So.id Sl.Utl for urospectus
and push tlio canvass If you want to make
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A GAME OF SKILL.
finny to le Jim—Exclllng lo nlny.   A great favorite Willi i'oVcrs'or Winter Evening C!nn:cs
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THE GOPP CLARK CO., LTD.,
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OHSTT.
"THE IMPROVED
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FARMERS
"USES THE BEST FRENCH
BUHR STONES."
STOCK
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Food your Stock chopped grain.
To do this economically buy a
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Can bo run with any 4 to 12 hor-cpowor.
SIMPLE,
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WATEROUS, Branlfordr Canada
SAUSAGE CASINGS IKS"
Hah constintly on luvnd.ftlso primo American
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THE NORTHEY MFG. CO.LTD
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TOROMTO, ©KT. r-   THE   ^
Okanagan Mining Review
Published weekly in the interests of the Southern Interior ol British Columbia, in which are
situated tlie following mining camps: Fairview,
Boundary Crei k, Ro-.:k Creek, Camp McKinney,
Granite Creek mid the Similkameen and Kettle
River rauobing districts
Subscription Prise, 5'J.OD per annum, payable
in advance, either yearly or half-yearly at the
option of tlie.- -.I'ec-c --iber.
Advertising Bates sunt on application.
Address all communications
The Okanagan Mining Review
Okanagan Falls, B. C.
While our columns arc always open for the
discussion of any relevant subjocts, we do not
ncosssarily endorse tho opinions of contributors.
Anonymous letters will not be published.
OUR PROSPECTOR
On
Foot From Hope to Lower
End of Dog Lake.
(Continued)
My friend came with mc ;ts far as
Brumly's, a mfle or bo beyond this
raneherie. We found Mr, Brumlyjust
finishing tin' gate of a corral he Ind
been making for liis cattle. Hi' has a
very (foodranch and \'.\-.\.' _wo.ee, very
pressing invitation to spend the night
but I declined aa ( was anxious to cover
a few miles before dark. Damping by
the hunk of thu river two miles farther
oh, i was busy frying some deer
steaks in a tin plate when an Indian
passed along the trail at a hand gallop,
He returned however in a few minutes
and came down to my fire. I was too
much engrossed in the new business of
cooking mowitch to heed him much
and the first intimation of his presence
was a remark that he thought my mess
was; well enough done. I enquired his
business and found that he was out in
search of a handkerchief dropped somewhere along the trail by liis "woman;"
as he was pleased i.o call the partner of
his joys and sorrows. Ho wanted to
know it' I had seen it and if I could
oblige him with a piece of chewing
fiobi ••■'-•. T bad not observed~anything
ii the shape oi i "very good silk liank-
chif cos' two dollar a half," but he was
quite satisfied to make himself scarce,
after declining to join rue at supper,
With a piece of T. & B. which I considered cheaper than his company. lie
was from Nicola and he and his wife
were returning from a visit to her
friends in the lower Similkameen. I
felt more tired this evening than I had
done ou any previous day since! began
my walk and in consequence I must
have given less attention to the making
Of my bed than usual fori awoke about
four in the morning with the impress
of a three pound rock in the small of
lay back. I had had pleasant dreams,
nevertheless, but would not advise
ftybpdy troubled with insomauia to
ify tiie recipe.   -Ju had'.UuVgood effect
too, that it got me upiu good'.tinijB and
to those troubled with somnia (doctors
have a Latin name for everything but
fees) I can heartily recommend the
"rock alarm" properly set the night
before. I did not bother cooking breakfast on this  particular  morning and
thus had a good early start.   The stars
were still visible; the scanty grass and
sage brush were hung with dew : the
trailing  cobwebs   tickled  tlie face in
irritating Impotency, as that darkest
hour they say is just before the dawn
eked itself out  to its largest before it
finally succumbed to the herald of the
morning.     The  sun's   welcome  rays
soon dissipated tho clammy vapors of
the night and set the birds a-singiug.
In passing along a part of the trail that
skirted  a  fenpe  enclosing  a crop of
rusty-looking  oats  I came  suddenly
upon three deer, a doe and two well-
grown  fawns, quietly feeding within
the enclosure, the doe within fifteen
paces of me, and ail within twenty-live.
Standing stock still with bated breath
i  watched   their unconscious  movements.   What a crowd of wishes and
regrets surge into the brain at. such a
moment, the uppermost of each heing
tho wish for a companion to share the
sight and tho regret at the want of a
rifle.   And then comes reflection; what
use would   the killing of this deer do
iiier1   I   have  more mowitch  than I
shall   need   in "iy pack, and I should
only h.'v, to leave it !;i tho already too
well battened  Siwash or the greedy
•   vote.    N'.' irtheless  I   was all the
wltlli tugging al   my six-shooter, the
foresight   having caught in the lining
of the pouch, 'nn! suppressing an Inch 'iti-ion to cough, when a twig under
my foot snapped causing all three to
raise tho{r hei ds at the same instant.
The old lady gazed  unconcernedly out
of her great mild eyes, still munching
tt, mouthful of  grass, the fawns, less
eonflding,   began   with  gi
creasing  bounds toinako
t.ii.-i end of the ri-lii.   It. wi
mother's turn to show her
ilthongh  I  bad   her covered with my
pii i»l for fitlly fifteen seconds had not
-:-'' heart to pull the trigger and break
the spell.     Watching  their graceful
movements till the thicket concoalud
thetri from view 1 proceeded on my
Doubtless the greatest crowd that
over congregated—700,000—-visited the
World's Fair on Chicago Day.
Mrs. Jane Livingstone Hawthorn
' ■-: heon given leave to obtain "samples
i ■   Its air" '.'.: tin   St. Clair tunnel for
the purpose of proving that it is composed of death-destroying elements.
The samples will be used in a suit
against the G. T. Railway for $25,000
for the loss of her husband in the tunnel in January, 1802.
i
iidualiy in-
for the far-
s now their
ility, and
THE SILVER INDUSTRY.
Mr. Albert Williams, Jr., contributes
to the Engineering Magazine an interesting article which he entitles
"Some Facts About the Silver Industry."
" The discovery of gold in the west
preceded that of silver. Nobody
thought of silver, but the gold seeking
had developed a set or energetic and
adventurous prospectors capable of
reaping advantages from the new discovery. Silver mining on an important
scale dates from the discovery in 1.353-
5-1 of the Oomstoke lode in Nevada.
The nest great event Was .the opening
of the Lsttdvillc district in Oblorada in
1878,
In 1892 the United States produced
88 per cent, of tho silver yield of the
world. Of tlilB amount nearly one-half
was produced in Oolorada.'
"'The American silver of 1892 was
worth somewhat more than one-third
as much as the pig iron, one-third more
than the copper, about half as much
again as the gold, and not quite three
times as i.-'ii'.l as the lead, It was less
than' one-sixth the value of all the
metals, embracing, in addition to the
above, tcinc, antimony, nickel, aluminum, etc. Again the commercial value
of the silver was about two-thirds that
of the anthracite, two-fifths that of the
bituminous coal, and more than one-
quarter o: the total coal value. It was
worth one-ninth more than all the
building stone, and two-thirds more
than the petroleum,'
The first silver mining was done in a
very crude manner, the only scientific
aid being rendered by European engineers. Costly experiments and tail-
uves, however, evolved tho present
American system, which is the best
know;', t.'i  the world.
The advance in metallurgy has been
wonderful, At first the cost of milling
or smelting the ore was i|,100 a ton,
With great waste. It has now been
reduced to $4 and $-1.50 a ton, and 95
per cent, of the metal is saved.
A large, proportion of the more important silver mines are not- owned in
the States where they are located.
There is a much larger amount of home
capital in silver mines in Oolorada.than
anywhere else; yet even in that State
probably the majority of the big mines
are owned in the east and iu England.
As a rule, tlie older and more settled a
mining region is, the more homo capital
proportionately is interested in its
mines. The largest silver mining investments in this country are held in
New York, San Francisco, Denver, Boston and St. Louis, in the order named.
Loudon long has been a leading market
for American silver properties. Paris
has not invested so widely, but its
few ventures havo lieen on a large scale
individually.'
It is hard to get any accurate statistics of the number of men engaged in
tne industry; but it may he assumed,
OS a moderate estimate, that until the
recent, shutting down of mines there
were from 150,000 to 200,000 men snp-
porting themselves directly :-..nd indirectly from this business. Until recently tlie wage-' paid to underground
workmen-was from $U to $3.50 a day.
What will become of the silver States
in case silver mining is further curtailed ? It cannot possibly be brought
to a full stop, for it is too closely linked
with gold mining. Ultimately these
States will recover, though very slowly,
and will develop their other natural
resources, beginning with the exclusively gold-producing mines. The immediate effect cannot but be disastrous;
the distress that has already prevailed
iB an index of what may be expected.
A reduced production would have a
beneficial effect upon the price of silver,
without doubt, It will also bo possible
to mine and reduce silver ores more ttt» /_*_
cheaply hereafter, in accordance with! 9,;-/,?jjF
the  general   law  '■!' p'i-,,i-iv.i.-; that has   Ji.Xi'jJfj.
obtained hitherto."1— Review of He-
ARE YOU^WHUNTER
Send Postal Card for- illustrated Catalogue of
Winchester
£ i. i. 'C- v5*
Repeating'
Repeating Shot Guns
Ammunition
To.
Winehester Repeating Arms Company
2Sr__>-xr    _!___:___.
Ccaui.
_VL
f
W. J. SNOBSBASS
Manufacturer of
Of Every Description
BILL STUFF A SPECIALTY
MILL A Nil OFFICE:
Okanagan Falls, B. C.
I %
! Hi.
Ik
*__+
WANTED—Advertisers to use the columns
of tbo Mihinq I tiav new to extend their
lra:!o in tho Southern Interior of 13. C. 1
WANTED - Subscribers  to  tho  Mtnino
Review at |2.00 aes year, or ?1 for six
months, In advance.
\~> \~t «.i> *.T> «t> <"» «> *V \V
•vQ
s
MAKE YOURSELF A     ♦     ♦
*     MINE  FORESAW,
iiLtttiti'.'Mui,,, Hinlug Engineer (Seal a; lustsl), or Sucooaj"
ful Pi'sujiscMr by devoting your Idlo hours to H0U2 DIUDJ,
BV TUB METHOD 09
THE CORRESPONDENCE SEIIOCl OF MINES, SCRAHTOn. PA.
To lee-gin, Students need only know bow to read and write.
MODERATE CHARGES.       SEND FOB l-'ttEU OIBOULelB.
SUBSCRIBE FOR
Nothing in business pays hotter;
but there in wry Utile of it, und it
pays ali the bettor 011 that account.
What we mean by (jood printing is
S'icH as befits your bUHUipB3; neither
above nor below it; not mean in any
way, nor extravagant; but business
like; proper; obrrot,
Tt cost** no more than inferior work,
and you are benefited by the favorable
impression which the us-.i of neat and
cleanly printed oiileu stationery makes
on thoso with whom you deal.
The little extra attention required
on our part to turn out a good class of
work is compensated for by gaining
and retaining your custom.
The Okanagan
mining
w
Review
Okanagan Falls
British Columbia
Okanagan
Mining
Review . .
$2 PER YEAH
S3.   O,
* CANADIAN
* PACIFIC . .
RAILWAY.
THE HIGHWAY OF THE W82LD
Speed,  Safety,  Economy  of
Time and Money!
Blpana Taliuli
-8~-
: for
I; r'i.'l livr.
OKANAGAN
HOTEL
03»:»m.!ra. __■!_____&.   5=»a Jta.au,   XS. CJ.
Fine Fishing nnd Shooting,
Comfoi table Rooms,
Oor.il Tabic.
WOBES
?
w
L. HOLMAN,
Manages
OKANAGAN
mmg
c-i, **. v*_>_.<_, A.
J. J. I'ORR, Proprietor
First-Class Table
Single Meals 50c,
Board per Week $0,00
Corner Alexander Slrcot and
Westminster Ave.
VANCOUVER, ii. V.
Qonoral  Ko'.iinlei'H, Engineers, Collor  Makers
and Manufacturers of All Olassos
of Maelilnory.
Mining
Machinery
Saw Mill and Marino Work a Specialty.
All Work Guaranteed.
Keep in Stock a Ful! Supply of Engineers' and
Mill Supplies, Pipe and Fittings, Brass
Goods, Strain Fillings, ICto.
Estimates for Hollers and Engines ou Application.
Sole Manufacturers of tho Kendall Band Mill
ll. O. BhingJ8 Machines. Steam Log Hauling
.'.iK'-rt'iii--'. M&riou St<iatn Shovels, [niproved
Vvir.diijCjj Hoist, Rivni' una Harbor Drudges,
iCin;-. Ditshing Maohir.es, Wrooklug Kaohiuoti,
Ballast I'n'.oiulers, etc.
Agent
Rnuk Drill
Daily Through Express Tpams
I'KOM
nv TUB FAMOUS
DIRECT ROUTE
I'n Toronto, Montreal, IlA.Mii.TiiN,
Ottawa,    Halifax.   Portland,
Nkw york, Boston, Ohioaoo
AND   KT.    l'AUL.
Pnssongers Booked To and From Ali
European Points.
For time
ipply to
tables, rates, and full Information
GEO. MoL. BBOWK,
District Pass. Agent, Vuueouvor.
Cor Ottuma  Mining  TToist. Eleotrie
, arid Reeve's Wood Split Pulloj's.
Main Street, . , Oksmagan Fall.
Mall Orders Receive Prompt Attention.
.T. E. W. Maofarlanr, Manager
.1. W. Campion, Sec-Treae..
LOOMISTON
ORO AND
PENTICTON
STAGE LINE
€3. 3E». £&,
In Connection
with	
OKANAGAN
New City possessed of a Wonderful
Combination of Advantages.
is the natural Distributing Point for the whole
of the Lower Okanagan Valley and the
famous Kettle Rive? eonntry.
3h6rtbst Uoutu to Spokane Falls,
Seattle, or any point
fiAS." OH WB3T
Btogd leaves Loomiston;
TnurBdaye sml Saturdays.
Stage arrivosat Loomiston a
Wednesdays and Fridays.
12 noon Tuesdays,
10o.nl. Mondays,
Stsge leaves Oro at 7 ii.m. Mondays, Wednesdays and Fridn;-.,, arriving at Pentioton at (I p.m.
SUao loaves Pentielon at 7 a.m. Tuesdays,
Thursdays and Saturdays, arriving at Oro at
i p.m.
Makes connections at Penticton with O. P. R.
streamer Aberdeen and trains to nil points.
. .For further particulars apply to
H. C. NEWMAN,
Manager, Oro, Wn,
Or Gko. MoIj. Bhown,
Hist. Pass. Agent. C.P.U.. Vancouver.
INCE the announcement was made that a new City bearing the name of Okanagan Falls, had started into life
<jj£p there have been numerous enquiries bearing on the sub-
'"' ject. It has for some time been a sine qua non that a
city of importance must spring up somewhere in the Okanagan
country, which for several years past has been attracting the
attention of capitalists, not only on this continent but in Great
Britain as well. Its combination of resources so richly aggregated, comprising mining, grazing, fruit-growing, etc., must of
necessity evolve a city in its midst, which will be one of the
centres of the Province. This is just as certain as the fact that
at the terminus of the C.P.R. on the Pacific coast there was
bound to be a sea-port city of importance. The question of
location is to be decided by the conditions most favorable to
urban growth. These conditions, as will be shown in answer'
to seme of the numerous received, are all comprised in' the
situation of Okanagan Falls.
One question asked is, " Where and what is Okanagan
Falls?" In reply, it is the nucleus of a city, the prospects of
which are not surpassed" by any other on the Pacific coast;
situated at the foot of Dog lake, in the famous Okanagan valley, B.C. Had the conditions for a prosperous and populous
city been especially stipulated and ordered as the work of nature,
they could not have combined more favorably to produce success. The first and most natural question to arise in the mind
of any common-sense man is, " What is there to make a city
at Okanagan Falls?" Unless such a question is fully and fairly
answered, any person endeavoring to place in the market town-
site property, backed up with glittering promises of a rich
retnrn, may fairly be regarded with suspicion and distrust.
Readers are requested to carefully consider the reasons here
advanced in support of the strong faith the promoters have in
the future of Okanagan Falls.
In the first place, Okanagan Falls is likely to be the
terminus, of the Canadian Pacific & Okanagan Steamboat line; it is in the line of the only possible pass which
can be utilized by the C.P.R. south of the present line, or, in-
other words, via the Crow's Nest Pass route to the Pacific
Coast; it is the proposed terminus of the Spokane & Northern
Railway, and of the Okanagan & Osooyos Railway, to connect
with the Great Northern at the boundary. It will be preeminently a railway and mining centre.
It is the natural outlet for the greatest gold mining region
on the continent, a country which also possesses immensely
rich deposits of silver, lead, coal, platinum, iron, etc. For
proof of this, see Dr. Dawson's reports and the annual reports
of the Minister of Mines.
In the next place, it is being built by the side of a magnificent waterfall, capable of generating a horse-power of between 50,000 and 100,000 at a very low cost, sufficient to
operate all the mining machinery, reduction works, tramways,
sawmills and other industries in it or in the country surrounding it. Being easy of access and having unexcelled transportation facilities in prospect, Okanagan Falls will naturally attract
all the industries referred to which the country will demand.
The country also abounds in Coal and Wood.
HOLMAN & LOEWEN
General Agents
605 Bastings Street, Yaneouver, B.C.

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