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Okanagan Mining Review Aug 26, 1893

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$2.00 per Year.
Bank of British Columbia
Incorporated by Royal Charter, 1862.
Capital paid up £600,000
Reserve Fund £260,000      $1,300,000
Head Office: 60 Lombard Street,  LONDON, ENGLAND
In BBiTisn Colvmbia In the United States
Victoria, Vancouver, New Westminster San Francisco, Portland,
Nanalmo, Kamloops, Nelson (Kootenay Lake.) Seattle and Tacoma.
Agents  ni> Cohhksi'onuent8 in Canada and the United States :
Bank of Montreal, Canadian Hank of Commerce, Imperial Bank of Canada; Bank of
Montreal, New York and Chicago.
Telegraphic Transfers and  Remittances to and from all points can be made through this
Bank at current rates.   Collections carefully attended to and every description of banking business transacted.      Gold Dust purchased.
W. T. Thompson
Dealer In.
_ General Merchandise I
Everything Required in a Mining Camp
Green, Worlock & Co.,
Successors to GABESCHE, GREEN & CO.,
Government Street,
Victoria, B.C.
[Established 1873.]
Deposits received in Oold, Silver and U.S. currency.   Interest paid on tho samo on time
deposit*.   Gold dust ami U.S. currency purchased at highest market rates.
Sight draft* and teln-iraphlc transfers issued, payable at over 10,000 cities in Canada, the
United States, Europe, Mexico and China.
Exchange on Loudon, available in all parts of Europe, England, Ireland and Scotland. Loiters
of Credit jssuod on the principal cltios-Of tho United Slates, Canada bnd Europe
Jk.BrcsxM.-t.Es   for   Wells,   .Ccupfsro, <e   €3*».
. JtC> "JL" , 5«
Wholesale and Retail Dealer In, and Importer and Manufacturer of
The largost establishment of Its kind on the mainland of British Columbia.
Tho loading CARPET  HOUSE in the City.   A full line of Carpets, Square itugs. Mats, etc.
Also Linoleum and Kioor Cloths, as woll as House Furnishings of every description.
Undertaking in all its branches.     Stock comi-lete.
(P.O. box 2.)
21 & 23 Cordova Street, VANCOUVER, R.C.
Hamilton   Powder  Co'y
Op Montreal.
Incori-orated 1861.
Manufacturers of Dynamite, Blasting and Sporting Powder.
Wholesale Dealers in Safety Fuse, Detonators and Electric Blasting Apparatus.
Office : Victoria, B. C.
Works : Nanaisio, B. C.
or.    SOOTT
General Agent for British Columbia.
(Established 1662)
Crockeiy, Glassware, Wall Paper, Lamps, Cutlery, Agate Ware and
Complete House Furnishings.
Largest Stock In British Columbia.
51   *o   SB
Write for Prices of anything required.
-    -    "V±o-fco:e»±*a,,   33. O.
Manufacturers of
.   Mining and ling Machinery
Hoisting and Pumping Engines Rolls and Concentrating Machinery
Copper and Lead Furnaces
Only Steel and Iron Ship Builders on the PaclfBc Coast.
Marine Engines, Hollers and All Classes of Marino Work.
First and Mission Streets
New York Oltlce: 145 Broadway.
Cable Address, "Union." -
ITlotovlei,   S.O..
Farming. Implements. and. Hardware
TIOTOBIA,     3B. O.
Manufacturers of Hydraulic Pipe, Giants, and
All Kinds of
"Water "CTlxools,   X3-fco.
Main Street
Okanagaxi.   FEilla,   3B.
Fine Fishing and Shooting.
Comfortable I'ooms.
Oood Table.
$ «^M^mtiiji«^
Dry Goods
Boots and Shoes
Closo Prices For Cash
Main Street
Okanagan Falls
Str.  "Miramichi;'
Towing and Freighting      £.
on Dog Lake.
Apply tg
" -: *L
CAPT. HOLnTATf, Okanagan Fa
in  the City Dailies and the
Magazines   for   city   orders,
but  you   will   not   get   the G»S
country trade through these g§
mediums. Cjfi
EF It requires the Local ($3
Weeklies to reach the pocket- £$3
books  of  those  people who cWo
live,   and  live  well,   too,  in cm
the agricultural and mining ~*
districts of the Province, c5S
in the best medium for reach- r-
ing the people of the South- effj
8y ern   Interior of  British Col- $$
@ umbia. m
m m
Analytical Chemist
And Assayer
(Terms Cash In Advance)
Silver, Oold or Lead, each Jl SO
Silver, Gold and Lead combined 3 00
Silver and Lead combined 2,50
Silver, Gold and Copper 4 (10
Silver and Copper  3 00
Silver and Gold 2 00
The Geographical, Industrial,  Agricultural,
Mining,  Manufacturing and Railroad
Centre  of the Southern  Interior
of British  Columbia.
Assayer to the British Columbia Government
of all Specimens sent from the jV
Province to p
Head of Navigation on the Majestic Okanagan Lakes and Surrounded by an Immense  Wealth of Lumber,  Coal,
Mineral and Agricultural Land
One who travels much through the
West and observes the various conditions which lead to the founding and
growth of towns and cities, learns to
discriminate between the townsite
which is located arbitrarily and brought
to the attention of the world by high-
sounding advertisements of fictitious
advantages, and the town which is, as
it were, located by nature, which advances almost spontaneously because
it occupies a natural 'Centre for the
trade of an extended region and possesses such advantages for manufacturing, and for the shipment and distribution of produce, as are not to be
found elsewhere in the vicinity. The
"boom" town may, for a time attract
most attention and its coiner lots
change hands at higher prices, but in
the course of a few year's it will he
seen that the town located by natural
selection h:is passed its rival in the
race, has established a larger and
more stable business, has created a
mote settled and permanent value for
its real estate, aud by reason of its
obvious advantages hus centred upon
it the trade of the surrounding country, in pursuance of the great laws of
commerce which no "booming," however loud and persistent, can avail to
change. Such a townsite is Okanagan
The district immediately tributary
to Okanagan Fails is exceedingly rich.
Iu fruit-growing, mining, stock-
raising, and the various industries
growing out of these, it has possibilities equal??'if not superior, to
those of any district in the Province,
and certainly no other district combines so many in so great a degree or
extent; while in addition to the economic wealth are the inestimable subsidiary advantages of a charming and
healthful tlimate, 3a picturesque and
facilities for sport
uniivalled coui-
1 ami water, A
will demonstrate
few lo-.alioiis iiat.iuallv
   :ior i.in-  puiwUi ...- t,
large cTiy^Bto that, selected at the
foot, of liOK;Wfc Unusually favorable condiYunisTllct.icted its choice,
some of the more important of which
are referred to below; but so varied
and important are1 its resources that-
auy one of them is sufficient to create
extensive industries and maintain a
large population.
Bach of the gt'eat mineralized areas
of Cariboo, Ya'e and Kootenay have
been claimed by enthusiastic residents
to be the richest in the Province; at
the present stage of development it
is folly lo make so pretentious a claim
when new discoveries aro being made
continually and  we  are  only  begin
pastoral lautlscat
Itttd the pre
ning to realize faintly Of what the
country is capable. This district includes some of the first discoveries in
gold in the Province, being those of
Similkameen, Hoik Creek and Okanagan. The most notable finds were
at Hock Creek, Granite Creek, Tula-
meen, Cherry Creek and Mission
Creek, where coarse gold of an evidently local character existed. Something like one million dollars of placer
gold has been obtained in the region
referred to. It is, however, in quartz
mining that the district is abundantly
rich. Gold predominates, but silver,
lead, copper, coal and platinum occur
in extensive deposits. Remarkable
discoveries have recently brought
Fairview and Boundary Creek more
especially into prominence. The properties at tho former camp are heavily gold-bearing and the development
already taken place has demonstrated
its remarkable richness. Fairview enjoys the distinction of being the first
regular bullion-producing quartz camp
in British Columbia. At Boundary
Creek, Mr. I). (!. Cochin, president of
the Spokane <te Northern R.H., and
other capitalists', have secured control
of over a dozen of the principal claims
and are shipping ore to Tacoma. Such
an extent of claims and variety of
ore, with facilities for transportation
supplied, must result in the establishment of smelting and reduction works.
Fruit-growing—now in its infancy—
may be mentioned as the next most
important industry in the Okanagan.
It is only in the warm sheltered valleys of the Interior that such fruits
as peaches, grapes, melons, tomatoes,
almonds, nectarines and apricots can
be successfully grown   and matured.
Bast and west for long distances are
several million acres of pasture land.
Okanagan and Similkameen districts
have always been largely drawn upon
for the beof supply of the coast cities,
and fortunes have been realized in the
business. With rich, nutritious bunch
grass, admittedly the finest beef producer of all grazing fodder, and innumerable lakes and mountain streams
of the purest water, the facilities for
stock raising and dairying are unrivalled, and it is no great feat of prophecy to predict that in the near future
it will supply not only the live stock
for the butcher, but dressed meats for
export, cheese, butter and condensed
milk in large quantities.
Survey Completed.
Mr.   Burnyeat   has  returned  from
Grand Prairie, having completed the
survey for a road to there.   All the
grade  stakes have  been  placed and
everything is about ready for the work
to be gone on with. The grades are
easy, and the country to be opened up
by this road a magnificent one. He
reports considerable activity at Camp
McKinney aud Boundary Creek.
Investments In  Mines Effected  Less Than
Those In Real Estate.
While there is no denying the fact
that tho present financial stringency
must effect all branches of industry
and commerce, it is equally certain that
mining will suffer less than any other
industry. Whereas, the crippling of
finance quickly depresses commerce of
all classes and correspondingly effects
all realty, bearing down prices on the
most valuable city real estate, the value
of a mine remains practically unchanged, or if there is a change it will
certainly increase in value by reason of
the call for properties whose, values are
not effected by financial depression.
Taking the mine3 of the Cceur
d'Alenes for example, which produce a
quota of ore from month to month,
while the real estate in any of the
towns of that country must depreciate
when an equal amount of money cannot be raised on it today as yesterday
or a month ago. We do not apply this
to the Cceur d'Alenes because it applies
nowhere else, but because the greatest
producing mines of this section of the
country are there. A man may have
his money divided into real estate and
mining investments, say $50,000 in
each; his returns on his mining investment aro the same today as a month
ago, except for the slight fluxuation in
the price of the metals. The money
invested in real estate, by reason of the
temporary closing of a bank or other
depreciatory effects, suddenly becomes
locked up with no chance to realize on
it or to raise a loan on the property, or
if a loan is made the basis of rating is
materially changed and the investment
for the time being is a burden. We do
not condemn real estate investments,
but we do feel some exultation in being
able to point with pride to an investment which is even better and less suli-
ject to financial depression than is an
investment in real estate .    f*..- -. ■«■*.
ine strongest argument against mining investment is that ic. is a speculation, yet let local or general depression
come and no class of investment suffers
so little. The than who produces the
money does not look for a buyer, but
commands the situation. The citizens
of Spokane who are interested in mines
are less effected by the present financial
stringency than he who has all his
money tied up in realty, and we are
glad to add that a large number of our
citizens are interested in gilt edge
mining property. The panic of today
cannot effect the bullion produced from
the mine nor the mine itself, but it may
temporarily paralyze the realty market
and work a great hardship on its
owners. Wo do not venture the above
assertions to disparage real estate investments, for real estate is a valuable
possession when the price is consistent,
but our object is to show that mining
suffers even less in times of financial
depression.—Spokane Mining Review.
A Good Pass Found.
A party of engineers have arrived at
Grand Prairie after locating a pass
through the mountains between the
Kootenay and Okanagan districts for
the Crow's Nest line of the C. P. R.
Beyond the admission of tho fact of
finding a suitable pass they were very
Going Ahead.
Camp McKinney, Rock Creek and
Boundary Creek are all going ahead
and a considerable number of men are
at work. At Boundary Creek the saw
mill is kept busy and a fine large hotel
is under construction. All that is
needed to make things hum at all three
places is better means of communication with the rest of the Province,
To Be Surveyed Into Small Plots and Sold at
Reasonable Prices and Easy Terms.
About 10,000 of the 2D,000 acres which
comprise the Haynes estate are to lie
surveyed into plots of from 10 to 100
acres each and sold on tonus to suit
purchasers. This will be an excellent
opportunity for obtainiug a farm in
one of the finest valleys in British
Columbia, as the land to be subdivided
is choice meadow and prairie. If more
of the large holdings were cut up it
would be of great benefit to the Province and this district particularly.
A Philadelphia youth named Beck is
preparing to cross the Niagara Falls
suspended by his teeth from a trolley
Subscribe for The Review.
Mr. A. Megraw, of the Vernon News,
came in on the stage this morning.
"Davy" Woods is putting the road
along the head of the lake in good
The Lower Country is getting there
with both feet. Lequim Bros, arc shipping lumber from Kelowna to Vernon.
Bob Graham's horse, the celebrated
" Croppy," has gone to the hills again.
He left the saddle and bridle behind
this time.
The following members of Buinyeat's
survey party arrived here on Tuesday
from Grand Prairie: M. G. Ross, Andy
Lcishiiian, Bob Jones, Ed. Heed and
A. Beaucage.
Messrs. Chas. E. Hope, T. R. Mor*
row and Henry Barwick are applying
for incorporation under the name of
The Similkameen Gold Gravels Exploration Company, Ld.
Mr. Manning fell off the roof of his
building a few days ago, but fortunately was not seriously hurt; a slight cut
on the hand and a sprained foot being
the extent of the injvA-ies received.
Mr. A. Holman went down to the
coast on Monday to attend a meeting
of the Townsite Company at which
arrangements for the building of the
bridge over the river and other improvements will be arranged for.
Alex. M ttheson and Alexis Brot went
out hunting Thursday afternoon armed
with a rifle that came over with Columbus and an invalid shot-gun. The rifle
refused to do its duty but the shot-gwi
held out long enough to kill two liters
and a dozen grouse. As a reward for
its faithful performance of duty the
gun is tojiave a new stock put on and
be put in thorough repair.
Good Settlers Coming.
Mr.  W. H. Spaugli has received *
letter from his partner, Mr. J. S. Marshall, of.Island City, Oregon, saying
that  he and bis family will  star$„
here about the 1st September. Mi
Perry Phillips andJ. E. Cavine
-ether 'with theii^Sillies .ac
at Llie same time.   They lnwa
ing some  fine   blooded   cattle |
Billy and His Harness.
Mr. W. H. Spaugli, better known aa
" Billy, the logger," is hauling lota of
timber these days. He has a splendid
logging outfit and on his lead horses
uses what is considerable of a novelty
in this part of the country. It is Sherwood's steel harness. The traces are
short iron rods and are attached to a
curved steel single-tree under the belly
of each horse, a steel double-tree connecting the two, and a chain attached
to the double-tree goes back to the
tongue of the wagon. It is especially
convenient for work in the woods of
ploughing in an orchard.
Mrs. Riley came down on the Pan*
ticton on Saturday and spent Sunday
Mr. G. Ford, Supterintendent of the
Dominion Express Company waa here
a few days ago.
Excursion tickets, Vancouver to Penticton and return, good for 30 days,
may lie obtained for $30.
Mr. R. E. Leonard, Secretary of the
Townsite Company, sold several lots
while here. Mr. R. S. Davis wa» one
of the purchasers. '
The Steamboat Inspector was srt well
pleased with the improvements made
by Capt. Riley on tho steamer Penticton that she is now licensed to carry 10
passengers more than formerly.
One of the features of the town is Joe
Thurber's dog "Potts." An uglier looking nor more good-natured animal is
ot to be found anywhere. 8o well-
known is he throughout the Province
that the first question a stranger asks
on arriving here is "Where's Potts?"
Tho following is the list of consignees per ftr.
Aberdeen to Penticton for the week ending
Wednesday, 23rd August: -
J. R. Brown. T. Ellis, Mark Howard, W. Ai
Mace, J. Thurber, and A. H. Wado. Pontioton.
H. Shuttleworth and J. A. Schubert, Okanagan FallR.
Hardy & Co.. McLaren Bros., and H. Palmer-
ston, Boundary Creek.
W. T. Thompson, W. F. Shatford, T. Elliott,
E. D. Reynolds, and D. G. Forbes, Fairview.
Lum Keo, Rock Creek.
The will of the late James Laidlaw,
of New Westminster, has been probated
in Ontario so as to secure the payment'
to the executors of certain life insurance moneys. The personal estate in
New Westminster is sworn at $70,000.
/l/cru^^^^-^-t^C (P^n^> AGRICULTURAL.
"Fannin' Does Fay-"
It really does one good to visit and have
a" talk vihh a successful fanner. I visited
one recently. He got hia start working by
tho month. Being an extra good hand, lie
received from a fourth to a half more than
ordinary help. He now lias one hundred
acres of land, with firat-clasa improvements.
I enjoyed walking through his forty acres
of wheat ar.d comparing the effects of fertilizers, both home-mult; and commercial.
This wheat promises a yield of 25 or 30
bushels per acre. Tho seed used was re-
cleaned, and the ground put in the best
possible shape and sown early (the first few
days cf September). He thinks one bushel
of seed per acre is about right, and the way
this crop stands on the ground it seems to
be all that is required to produce a maximum
Another interesting part of this wheat
field was a spot where a barn had formerly
stood. Where the floor and bay had been
the wheat was very vigorous, and a dark
green color. Where the stable floor had
been, and also where the manure from the
Stable had been thrown in heaps, there was
not a spear of wheat growing, not even a
weed. There had been a feed lot connected
with this barn; in this the droppings, straw
and stalks, were allowed to accumulate
during the winter and spring mouths.
After the feeding season was over the
manure would be thrown up in long heaps
where it remained until fall, when it was
hauled on the wheat ground. On this spot
there were a few weeds making a sickly effort toward getting a start, but no wheat.
Around thii lot where the fence had stood
the wheat was all right, and suveral inches
higher than tho wheat next to it.
Cau auy one give'* reason for this variation? Did the stock tramp the life out of
the aoil in this lot? If this is the reason
why does not the wheat grow where the
stable floor was ? If it is because there is
an excessive amount of fertility in the soil,
why is it that there is a very luxuriant
growth of wheat in the fence row, where,
necessarily a large amount of manure would
collect ?
The real secret (if there is any) of this
man's successes staying at home and attending strictly to business. When the time
comes to plow, sow or reap, he is ready ;
does not have to "briggle" around a day or
two getting tools repaired and hunting help.
While this farmer has done an immense
aimuat cf hard labor on the farm it is not
all wwk and no play with him. He works
first ; does not stop his work in a busy time
to attend a public sale or spend all afternoon
loafing around the town. He takes time to
use hia lawn mower at the proper time, and
to kesp things neat and tidy about the barn
and farm. No brier patches or weedy fence
corners are to be seen, neither can you see
any farm implements standing where they
were used last. They are invariably
found under shelter when not in actual use.
There is no man of my acquaintance who
enjoys being at a neighborhood gathering,
picnic, fair, or taking a trip through the
west, any better than this one, and he indulges iu these pleasures quite often, but
does not neglect hia business to do so.
I don't suppose this friend will thank me
for writing this article. It was not written
to praise or benefit him particularly, but
for the benefit of a class of farmers who
think there ia nothing in farming, and have
become discouraged, and are not trying to
do anything. Even thou that have inherited home* are letting them slip right out of
their hands. If this friend I visited can
make a  farm pay for itself, thousands of
made' the most out of what he did have.
—[K. A. Trout, in Ohio Farmer.
Spasmodic Colic is a contraction or cramp
of a portion of the intestinal walls, due to
some irritant. Indiscretions in watering or
sudden changes in temperature may also
cause the trouble. The first symptom is the
manifestation of pain. It passes off and
the animal appears well again, but after an
interval the pain returns with increased
severity. As the attack advances the in
tervals are shorter. The pulse seems very
high during the pain but ia normal at its
cessation. This disease may be distinguished from flatulent colic by the absence of
large quantities of gas in the intestines. The
be animal '8 not bloated. It is most likely to
confounded with inflammation of the bowels
but in the latter the pain is less severe, es
pecially in the earlier stages, and is con
atant. The pulae beats slowly, increasing
in frequency while in spasmodic colic, as
has been stated, the pulse remains nearly
normal, except during the spasms. Then,
too, in inflammation of the bowels, the attack
is less sudden and the animal less violent
in hie manifestations of pain. Any of the
following prescriptions will be found of
service in spasmodic colic: Chloral hy
drate, 1 oz; Bulphate of atropia, J gr
water, 1 pint. ;Or: Sulphuric ether 2
07.; laudanum, IA 07.; raw linseed oil,
8 oz; Or: Laudanum, 2 oz ; oil of turpen-
time, 1J oz ; raw linseed oil, 8 oz. Mix and
give any one of theae at one dose and repeat in an hour if relief has not been obtained, If colic has been produced by portions of indigested food or an irritant of
any kind, give a purgative—ono ounce of
Soootrine aloes dissolved in warm, not
boiling, water ; or ono to three pints of raw
linseed oil. Injections into the rectum are
beneficial if properly used.
Flatulent colic ia recognized by the distention of the intestines resulting from
indigestion. It sometimes follows spasmodic
colic but often occurs without. The causes
are similar to those named for colic in general but feeding grain immediately before
or after severe exertion, and large quantities of green food, are liable to cause the
trouble. It is less-ssuddeu in its development. Tile pain is continuous and the pulse
gradually increases in frequency. The belly
becomes enlarged with gas in the intestines,
and gives a drum like sound when struck
with the hand. The treatment is entirely
different. Opium in any form must be
avoided. The objects sought are the
relief of pain, checking the formation
of gas and its removal from the intestines. For the first two purposes
use the following: Chloral hydrate, 1 oz ;
hyposulphite ofsoda, 2 oz; atropia sulphate,
1 gr; water, 8 oz. Give in 1 dose. If
relief is not obtained from this doso and the
pain is still severe, it may be repeated in
half to one hour. If bloating only continues, the hyposulphite of aoda alone may be
given. For the removal of gas which
collects in the intestines several methods
are practiced. Injections into the rectum
are valuable and may be repeated every half
hour until two or three have been given.
An injection of four or five ounces of pure
glycerine is also of benefit in some cases.
But there is no method so effectual and
satisfactory as puncturiug the intestines
with a small instrument known aa the trocar
and canula which ia made specially for this
purpose. The average stock raiser cau use
it with comparative safety.
Dairy Notes-
Do not hurry the cows to and from the
Few aubstancea will incorporate foreign
and deleterious odors more readily than
Do not wean calves too early. Milk is
a very digestible food and should be gradually replaced by grain when the calves are
Give the milk pails, cans and other dairy
utensils frequent sun and air baths after
carefully washing and scalding.
Tho temperature ot dairy rooms can be
lowered by sprinkling the floor and walls
with water. The evaporation of the water
takes up heat, leaving the room cooler.
It it is necessary to mix two portions of
cream which are ripening, mix them thoroughly by an occasional stirring. If this
is not done it will likely be lumpy.
Breed has leBS to do with the quality of
butter than the dairy equipment and the
buttermakcr. A skilled man can make
first-class butter from any breed.
Have a separate room for dairy work on
the farm. A cellar which contains fruit,
vegetables, etc, is a poor place to keep
milk, butter or cheese. All dairy products
take up foreign odors readily.
Parties who put up ice last Winter arc
having no trouble in controlling the tern-
peraturo of their milk, croam and butter
now. It saves much time and one is usually able 10 produce a more uniform product.
Make a first-class and uniform product
If you wish to work up a trade or hold
present customers. A neat packago with
your name or some brand Btcnciled on it
will enable your customers to find it. It
becomes your trade mark.
It ia said that a dairy man who was milk
ing a largo herd of average cowa look five
of tha best and five of the poorest ones,
and keeping an accurate account of the
ccst of feed and care, found that while the
five good ones were paying a fine profit the
other five were actually costing him §7 per
head annually over and above the value of
the milk they yielded. Individual tost is
the only means of ascertaining the profit
and loss in the dairy.
Oolic in Horses-
Bulletin No. 25 of the Mississippi Experiment Station is devoted entirely to colic in
horace and mules, the subject being treated
very fully. Veterinarians usually lecognize
but two forms of colic, spasmodic (cramp)
and flatulent (wind). Inflammation of the
bowels ia closely allied tc spasmodic colic
in symptoms as is acute indigestion to flatulent colic. These four diseases are the most
common ones affecting the digestive system
ft hrirses and mules. For the prevention of
any d'ae-ise an intimate knowledge of its
jausos is essential. Nineteen out of every
Iwenty cases of colic may properly be
•harged to aome irregularity in food and
water. Sudden changes of temperature.
ttHtfufy severe ix^n-tiod, worms, etc., and
feeding on grass when not accustomed to it,
are frequent causes of colic. An animal from
which liard o..- fast work is expected should
never b» allowed to eat green grass, at least
leryttitlt »?:i
Corn Fodder For Sheep-
Beginning on a river farm not adapted to
the cultivation of oats, and with a large
range of rough back land, more suitable fot
sheep than for cattle, I found myself confronted with the problem, how to make the
sheep consume the fodder.   To my surprise
not ftiiy that sheep* will consume "fodder"to
bettey'advantage than other stock, but that
it is better for them than clear Timothy
hay ; and today. If I had cattle and
sheep to feed and had only fodder and
Timothy, I would give the fodder to the
sheep. and the Timothy to the cattle,
though, of course, an occasional alternation
would be advisable for both. Clear Timothy
is sometimes too constipating for sheep,
also for cattle ; but the latter can withstand its effects with le3s injury than the
former, especially where there are pregnant
ewes. I regard clear Timothy aa the poorest sheep feed in the whole category,
straw excepted, of course—and the benefits
of a fodder ration are bo marked as a cooling and laxative feed, that it is well worth
while to let the flock go a little hungry for
a few dayB until they learn to relish it. In
a short time even yearlings and lambs will
come to like bright green fodder, and will
browse it perfectly clean ; cleaner than any
other atock possibly can. Now, for the
flockmasters in the old hay-growing States
of New England, where corn ia ill adapted
and little grown, the above may seem foolishness. But whatever the farmera of the
East may think, for those on the prairies
and rich bottoms of the West, where corn
seems more appropriate than any other
cereal crop, the matter of feeding its foliage
ia a practical one, and the saving of it may
mean the difference between raising corn at
a profit and raising it at an absolute loss.
The great point is to stack the fodder in
the Fall and keep it bright, says a writer in
Sheep Breeder. To do this, it must be cut,
shocked, huaked and bound in convenient
bundles with tarred twine—this being
the best material for lands to prevent
rats from cutting them. About the
last of November or first of Docembcr,
unleae the Fall has been unusually wet,
fodder can be ricked without danger of
moulding. A low-wheeled wagon on a still
lower truck, like thoae in cities, can bo used
to advantage in hauling. It is best to make
the ricks long lor windbreaks—100 feet If
desired. Throw down poles to keep the
fodder of the ground, then begin and lay a
course of bundles clear around, tips inward,
and the bundles lapping about a third cf
their length. Then lay a shingle course
■ traight through the middle to keep it full;
this will givo a downward pitch to the out-
aide cour.es, ehedding the rain. When
built up high enough, lay bundles lengthways along the middle, sharpened up to receive the roof. The latter will consist of
bundles set sloping up steep, like the opposite sides of a house roof. If the butts
are well thrust down into the rick and the
tops laced together, it will take a hard wind
to blow them off and they will protect the
profitable.   The   pastures   furni,
abundance   of feed   and the cowi
good flow of milk  with  small
things have changed. Many of the
are now overgiown with weeds 1
and oroduce but little good feed,
are obliged to buy large quantities/
to keep up the flow of milk thi
summer months.    The grain  bill a!
the profits and keeps the farmersinT
straits all of the time.    The  onto/-.,...
cable way out is to try sheep  raiaaSjip'
for a few years. *^-
Loat spring I turned a flock of aheepjpj*
a pasture that was so overrun with we-
and daisies as to furnish but little ieed^or
cattle. To-day not a weed or adaisyt**0
be seen, and the sheep and lamV- wj'0'1
are long woolled, Cotswotd and Lflicsi?*''
have done finely. In two or thiee yea** 1
expect the pasture will be entirely free fj"11
weeda and daisies and ready for c»."^"e
again. A good flock of sheep well oare</°r
should net the owner at least $4.50 T61
head in wool and lambs and with aptfj*'
care much more may be realized ; alIo-w;DB
fifty cents per head for grain would MTe
you a return of four dollars per head of >sh
in hand, In the towu referred to ™e
annual average receipts for the milk oflhe
cows at the cheese factory is about t3Tfj*r
cow and from this must be subtracted "ie
grain feed.
Hints and Suggestion*
Do not neglect to weed turni
have been  planted in drill  rows
ing can be accomplished with a cultivator.
Farm labor seems to be growing gon«£al
ly more scarce, and wageB higher. This
will give the working farmer an opportunity
to pay himself bettor.
Good land and good stock arc pretty
nearly thrown away on a man who has AOt
a natural liking for agriculture. See that
your boy has some aptitude in that direction
before you insist upon tying him down tqjhe
farm. i-
The farmer who is % good managejjrjJl
not be idle all winter because there is nothing to do. The system of work BhouleVbe
such that there is something to do. Bus
winter idleness often destroys the profit of
the summer's industry.
Every stepin advance, in agriculture, isthe
result of experience. An agricultural ptsjper
makes the experience of one farmer known
to all others, and so ia a mutual helper. J,If
you do not want to keep up with ypur
brother farmers, then don't take an agricultural journal.
Sheds, tanks, vaults and compost hoapV—
or any one of them, will enable us to enn-
serve the full value of the manure. *et
most farmers prefer to waste it in an open
barnyard. *
Every product sold from the farm csrjiea
away some amount qf fertility. If no »ys*
tematio effort is made to restore this, jwn
are Bimply selling the farm by bits instead
of doing it at a lump.
The time at which manure ia applied to
the land ia of much less importance tfean
that the land gets it all. Delay in appljjug
it usually means waste.
It is a good advantage to keep ahead ot
your work, especially when harvesting Ikle
fall crops. To be caught by a storm at-tyis
season usually means some loss.
Farmers whose tables are well suppUed
with irttit and vegetables have few doctors
bills to pay. This consideration alone shoald
induce you to have a garden andorchardL.il
nothing else will do.
UnleBs the 'corn crib is rat proof, it will
hardly pay to hold your grain for higher
When you
wheat for a better
tempting to
the on* that'
■delation. ^^
jsranotner in at-
murket and grow
usually results in
keeping you juif a yeai behind.
The best time to start in the cultivation
of a new crop is when the price for it ia low.
Then you won't be disappointed in the
market, and will have a good chance of
getting in for a rise.
Make changos in your system of farming
with due deliberation. Don't get excited
if there ia a boom in aome particular line
Those who come in fter the boom is started usually suffer.
Field Notes-
Ventilate the vegetable cellar at night
so it will be cooled by the night air and
keep it closed during the day. Cellars need
ventilation and should be kept as cool as
Dig potatoes as soon a the vines have died
and store tbem in a cool cellar or elsewhero
until the air grows coolor outside 'this
Autumn, when they are best taken out and
Do not risk having grain stand in the
shock too long. There are a number oj
small wastes which constantly go on and
which will, in a short time, aggregate more
than the cost of Blacking.
Growth of plants is directly proportionate
to the supply of nutriment furnished thein.
Do not neglect to haul out all of the manure
which has accumulated. It will help next
year's crops.
Many weeds will be destroyed before they
have matured seed if mowed now. Clean
them out of all waste places, such as old
stack yards, orchards, along road sides, itc.
It will save future trouble.
Plow aa much stubble land as possible in
Autumn. It is well to begin it as soon as
harvest is past, and the ground is wot enough.
It will help along the work for next Spring,
and will keep many weeds from ripening
seed. '
Give clover a prominent place in systems
of rotation, ft adds much of fertility to
the soil and is especially valuable as a food
for stock citlur as hay or pasture. It has
the peculiar property of gathering nitrogen
from the air.
Good pasturage is essential to successful
dairy farming in all sections. On a large
proportion of farms these pastures are not,
and very many of them cannot be cultivated,
and aa a consequence those that are'stocked
with cows are slowly being depleted of
their original fertility and brush and weeds
take the place of nutritious grasses.
A short turn since the writer passed
through a hilly town where sheep raising
was formerly the leading farming industry,
but after the collapae of the Merino boom
tho farmers changed from sheep raising to
dairying and for the past 10 or 12 years
cheese making has been their specialty.
Fir a few years this line of farming was
A good cistern with a proper filter is a
great convenience on tho farm. It furnish-
ca good soft water for laundry and toilet
uses, and is pure and healthful to drink also.
Where it is difficult to obtain water for
stock, a largo cistern at tho barn may help
in solving the water problem.
Work on country roads will soon begin.
Let us remember tho good resolutions made
during the past Winter, lay out practical
methods of improving the roads under the
varied conditions, and work them out. Now
is the time to show you are in earnest about
the matter.
If ragweeds are growing in pastures in
great profusion as is so common in many
sections, they can be mowed at this time to
good advantage. They will not be nearly
so plentiful the following year, and if the
mowing is repeated a few seasons it will
practically exterminate them.
jjpefects of Nature in the Noble Animals
are Concealed, as in Women, and by
Much the Same Methods-
lann- Horses Made " Sound" and Olil-
Tiinei-s with the Spavin Rendered 'Serviceable—Tile "Kockcr-Shoe" for Foundered AnlmnlB-Ilow to Inspire a Horse
-with liveliness-
Although, writes H. D. Gill, the celebrated
"Veterinary Surgeon, according to the dis-
tionary, one of the definitions of a jockey
is " a man who rides a horse race," there
are other definitions which describe a jockey as "a cheat ; one who deceives or takes
undue advantage in trade." Other definitions of the word are " to cheat; to trick;
to jostle by riding against." All horse
dealers are not absolutely dishonest, but
there is certainly a very large proportion
of men whose business iB to sell horses, or
to make money out of'them in races, who
dp engage in very questionable practices in
order to advance their intereata. The ethical philosophy of the horse-trader may be
summed up in the saying, " your eyes arc
your cheat," meaning that yon must use
your own judgment in a " horse deal" and
not believe everything he tells you.
Horses are " doctored up" not only for
the purposes of sale, but for racing
purposes, not always, or very often lor
the better class of races, but for tho hundreds ot competitionsthattake placeat state
and county fairs and on private racing
grounds in the rural districts. These remarks I shall make, therefore, about
remedying the defects of horses will apply
not only to horae dealers engaged in selling
and trading horees, but to the jockeys of
the turf ; because it is often the case that
a very poor animal, of good stock, can
with the assistance of artificial methods
win or lose a race. He may die half ah
hour after the contest but if he comes in a
winner his owner will be satisfied.
If a horse has a chronic lameness in
either foot the jockey can inject, into the
foot B solution of cocaine which, for the
time being, will render tho horse sound ;
that is, it will dull the sensibility to pain
for from halt an hour to an hour and a half
and the horae will act as it he was sound.
Another method in a case like this is to
sever the nerves of the foot, there being
two nerves, one on each Bide of the foot.
This deprives the lower part of the limb of
all sensation and the horse will go sound
for perhaps a year when the nerves will
form together again.
1 Foundered horses are made Bound by
nerving them in the manner just described,
and keeping them in a soaking tub or mud-
box. By this method the inflammation is
allayed for a day. In railrovl car stables
they have a series of mud-stalls for found
ered and sore-footed horses and in which
twenty can stand at a time. One day thny
work them and the next day they put them
in thia box. If the animals were worked
two consecutive days they would bo so sore
footed from traveling over the stones that
^they would be unfit for use. Such horses are
generally shod with as heavy a shoe as they
can possibly carry, because the heavier the
Iron the lighter the concussion of the foot on
the ground. It ia on the same principle as if I
put a sheet-iron on your knee; a good blow
would break your knee, but if I put an
anvil on your knee and hit a heavy blow
en that it would not hurt you. For foundered horses thatcome down with tiie heel
first they use s> jjjrtjyhr-j), having a roller
motion, so thafljpKpfhe heel strikes the
foot will roUHRpad of striking the pave-
*Ws5SKgEch *KW«t*r><*«i}i—-w.
The trouble Mamonly called by that name
is due to the wastiag away of the muscles,
on account of atrophy or insufficient use of
the limb, caused by lameness in the foot.
At horse sales and races before the animal is brought out hp is made to appear
"lively." Beforo he is taken from the
stable a man, having saturated his finger
with turpentine or capsicum, will insert it
at the lower extremity of the elimentary
canal. This will have the effect of making
the horse carry his tail in very fine shape.
It makoB him "lively" simply on account of
the pain the agent causes.
If a horse has a spavin before he is brought
out he is jostled about for a while. If a
horse is troubled with spavin the lirBt few
steps or movements he makes are very lamo
and labored, but when he is once in action
he becomes gradually better. Anyone may
be always suspicious of a horse if a man
cracks a whip over him and makes him
"dance around" in the stall. Thia ia done
for the purpose of limbering tho horse up,
especially if he has a spavin.
The leopard may not be able to change
hia spots, but a good jockey can take an
animal and make him a horse of another
color. He will use nitrate of silver (peroxide
of hydrogen) to bleach differentparts of the
body so as to make a team match. Suppose
yon have a team of sorrels, one had a silver
tail and mane and the other had not. The
jockey would bleach the tail and mane of
the latter. If a star waa wanted in the forehead he could put it there or produce for
yon a white nose, one or more white
legs, bleaching them so as to make them
match. If a horse's tail is not big enough
or symmetrical ho can switch in some false
tail just as the ladies do with their hair.
A horse will show hia ngc by the hollow-
ness over his cyos. Iu such a case the jockey
will introduce a little tube and, by blowing
in air, will cause the hollows to putf up,
and if the chest or shoulder of a horse is
utropMcd—what ia knownasswucnoy of the
shoulder--ho will introduce a little tube
and blow up the skin. This condition 111 a
liorso can alwav! be detected by polling the
skin which will ciackle under the touch
it will not have the solid feeling of flesh.
In regard to teeth young horsea, natural
ly, have what is known aa " cupB," cxciva
A Oase for Sympathy-
Withorby—" You haven't seen my new
boy, have you ? They say he takes after his
Plaakington—" If he   takes   the sateea
thing his father takes, I'm sorry for him,old
lions, marked black, which disappear when
theybi-coineohter.reingwornoff. Thcjookey, I
to misleadtlio8e who are interested iu horses,
willartifleially excuvatoor cutout llicsurfcae
of the teeth and blacken them with nitrate
of silver. This can always bo atitched in a
"bishoped mouth," as it is called, by the
absence of the ring of enamel around this
black cup, it being always present in young
The shape of a horse's teeth from youth
to ace are oval, then triangular, then flattened on tho sides; the latter being the
ahape of the tooth itself. The root ia very
narrow and as the tooth wears off, it assumes that shape.
But there are horae jockey tricks especially connected with the races. In a running
race suppose a trainer wanta hia horfio to
lose. To mialead the public he will hiro a
good jockey and, just before tho animal goes
to the post, he will give him a pailful of
water. This of course, causes the horae,
before ho goes very far, to feel troubled
about his wind and, in jockey parlance, he
il called " a deal horse." The jockey is
sot supposed to know anything about this
Srocooding.    A pail of water, or some ano-
yne liko opium will be sufficient to make
a horse " logey" and lazy and cause him to
lose a race which he would otherwise win.
Sometimea a pebble or a nail will be put
under a horae'a shoe to cause him to go lame
so that the owner can scratch rim. Of
course the stewards of a racing ciub do not
allow a horse to be scratched unless there
ia a very good excuse. But if an owner
does not want his horse to run he can put
some foreign body under the shoe, or tie a
string around the ankle pretty tight,which
causes the leg to swell, and the horss to be
lame the next morning.
An injection of hydro-chlorate of cocaine
is often put into horsea to make them run
faster and undoubtedly it does have that
effect. This ia the same medicine, the
leaves of which Weston, the pedestrian,
used to chew when he made his long jour-
neya. To ahow the efficiency of thia trick
I will say that the preparation was once
introduced into a horse called "Spartacus."
He was a very- well-bred animal but wind-
broken. A half a dram of this solution was
introduced hyberdet mically. A strong man
wp.s put on the horae'a back with orders to
jog him until the half mile post and then
let him go for a mile. The horse went along
easily for the first half mile then took tho
bit and ran ateadily for five miles, the
jockey being obliged, from sheer exhaustion,
to fall off. Tho horse was finally stopped
by a row of men stauding across the track.
The effect of thia injection generally lasts
for about half an hour. It ia used a great
At the horse-killing establishment on
Long Island, I once experimented with this
medicine. A number of old horses were
brought in and two of them dropped from
sheer exhaustion half a mile from the establishment. They could not make the
animals move. We gavo each of them an
injection of cocaine, and, in five minutes,
they got on their feet and not only appeared strong but actually ran and appeared
very lively. ThiB illustrates the stimulating effect of the drug.
Electricity is also used to increase a
horse's speed. A jockey will carry a
battery attached to a belt around his body,
the conductors passing to the spurs on each
oot. The application of the spurs to the
side of the animal completes the circuit
and transmits to the horse's body the
electrical impulse and induces the animal to
greater speed. Several jockeys have been
discovered using this appliance.
Running horses are nerved for lameness
in the foot. They are troubled with joint
and tendon troubles, particularly the
ligaments and tendons of the front limbs.
"Breaking down" on the race track is a
rupture of the suspensory ligament of either
one or both the iront feet.
In riding a race the jockeys will jostle
one another and cut one another down. A
jockey will try to throw his companion
over the fence by putting his foot under the
foot of the other jockey and lifting him off
the saddle.
They will foul one another by running ir
regularly across in front. When they think
a jockey is goin(? to hurl them, if the jockey uses his whip in his right hand, another
will come up bo close to him as to make it
impossible for him to strike the horae with
the whip.
One or two jockeya in a race will also combine to defeat another by what is called
placing him " in a pocket," i.e. keeping him
behind and giving him no chance to get
through. Because to do so he would
be obliged to go around the horses,
which would, very often, throw the horse
off his stride, which the horse would be unable to catch again until he had covered considerable ground.
It is very common for joikeys to make
fake starts. They will purposely make a
number of these to tire out their adversaries. There »- S'jnerally some hard-mouthed horses in a' ra<* *m» tnu ti%  tuo»«r* tkise
starts they run away for a quarter or half
a mile; become tired and thereby reduce
their chance of winning. Jockeys always
try to get the advantage of one another in
the start. It often occurs that a starter is-
obliged to fine every jockey in the race,
particularly the short distance race where
a good start is an important factor.
Teaohing 0ilve3 to Urink-
There are just two things required in
teaohing the little calf how to drink, the
first ia a little common sense, the second is
lots of patience. The common sense comes
in when you consider that its nature is to
look up for its food aupply.and if you touch
ihe top of its head or nose, you must expect
its tendency will bo to follow up that direction,to find what it ia after. Don't think
a calf a day or two old could have a great
amount of experience, 80 don't expect it to
show very much reasoning power. You
must do that for them. When your patience begins to waver juat ask yourself how
much more you knew when you were at the
calf's age, aud it may help you to credit the
calf with just a little sense, and you will be
able to overlook a good deal that you might
otherwise attribute to pure cusse.lness.
During the summer, say from June until
September, once or twico each month, 1
sprinkle sulphur on the catties' backs.
Whether it prevents the depositing of the
egg that develops into grub, or whether it
destroys it after being deposited, I do not
know ; but this I do know, that with 20
head now in my stable, there are but two
that have any grubs, and these two are
heifers that ran with the sheep last season
and did not get the sulphur treatment,
Try it.
Beauty Hot a Curse-
The favorite wife of the present Sultan
of Turkey was once a poor girl.livingin the
coal minea of France. She was a beautiful
girl, as aim ia now a beautiful woman, and
some charitable person found her an occupation iua famous dressmaking establishment
in Paris,whore her superior intelligence soon
made her madame's most valuable assistant,
and she waa sent to Constantinople with
dresses ordered by the Sultan's mother.
Nothing more was heard of her for many
yeara, until a little inhaf itance was left her
by a relative, and noticos wore published
asking for her whereabout. In answer to all
these notices, a wonderful equipage, escorted by mounted euuochs, stopped at the
door of the Embassy, and the Sultan's wife
stepped down to declare herself tho once
Fljra Collin, and renounced the legacy in
favour cf her kindred, who were still poor.
It was the old story of love at first sight
between tho Sultan and the beautiful modiste.
Aged Prisoners-
In the Indian jails a large proportion of
the prisoners are very old men. In the
prison at Mooltan there were laat year 17
lifo priaonera whose total ages were found to
amount to more than 1100 years—two of
them being patriarchs of upwards of 80.
This fact is attributed partly to the great
improvements in the economy of Indian
jails, since the exposure of their mismanagement some years ago, but more directly to
the prevalent practice when a crime has
been committed of handing over the least
useful inembir of the family as a sort of
vivacious offering to justice.
Items or Interest to Bnslueas P&apir.
The value of silver bullion is steadily sh>k-
ng, and is quoted in New York at ?ij»
A decline in eugar at 'his time of tfe
year is most unexpected, and refciers did
their utmost to maintain the figure, but ths
lower prices on raws forced them to lower
their quotations. This ia no -Joubt partly
due to manipulation.
Canada's trade with Britain has not been
quite satisfactory the last balf year. Canadian exports amounted to only £1,70S, 109,
a shortage of £385,245, or 29.51) per cent,
for the six months. On the other hand, ths
imports from Britain to Canada increased
from £2,163,191 last year to £2,404,603,
equal lo 11.16 per cent., this mostly in
manufactured goods.
Canada exports to the United States products valued at from $35,000,000 to $40,000,-
000 in the face of the McKinley tariff. Thii
is taken as conclusive evidence of the superiority of many of our productions.
The disappointment of cattle skippers continues unabated. Each succeeding week
shows diminished returns. For the weeks
ending July 15, the exports were 2,299 as
compared with 4,584 the week previous, and
5,780 for the corresponding week of laat
year. It 13 reported that there is practically
no apace now under contract, end that all
the contract cattle have been shipped.
The utilization of energy for electrical
purposes from windmills has been proven
possible, if not commercially feosiMc. The
data on this matter is interesting, and indicative of much yet to be attempted. Experiments made in Great Britain show that
a machine constructed for this purpose developed results that were perfectly satisfactory, the power obtained being sufficient fol
the electric lighting of a ilourmill with
twenty-seven 16-candle-power ltimps and
three arc lights. Experiments made by
Engineer Raou in the north lighthouse at
Havre, France by a 40-foot Halliday mill
were found to give a power of 17.8 measured
on the wind shaft, with a wind velocity of
twenty-three feet per eecond.
Since the coal miners of Great Britain
have refused to accept a roduction in wages
of 25 per cent., reports say that in England
they are on the threahold of a mloasal trade
battle which will involve a atrike of nearly
500,000 men, and enforce idleness on probably aa many more. Thia, if consummated,
willbeimmeasnrabrythebiggest of the fifteen
great colliery atrikea of the paat twenty-five
yeara. The miners maintain that the own-
era are to blame for the low prices and overproduction, aince they have no foreign competition to meet, and that it ia unfair to
make the workmen bear the brunt of the
owners' mismanagement. The price of coal
is still falling,'and iron works forge coal is
now down to from 7s. to 8a., and mill coal
to 8 to 9 shillings.
The number of failures reported to R. G.
Dun & Co. last week in the Dominion of
Canada was 34, as compared with 26 the
week before. They are all more or less unimportant, though two out of Ontario, which
of the provinces had the largest number,
viz., 21, were rated above $3,000, one was
rated above $500, one more had the lowest ■
credit rating with lowest capital rating,
and the remaining 17 had neither capital
nor credit rating. There were only 7
failures in the Province of Quebec, and they
were comparatively unimportant, though
two were rated above $3,000. Four of tho
seven had no rating, and only one more
was above $500.
Trade in wholesale circles has been quiet
all the week. Country dealers are buying
very cautiously, and will likely continue to
do so until the crop prospects; are even more
v^favora^gO'vSt flne^rffij
shortage of forage in Europe it is worthy ol
specialnote that the crops are good in almost all seotions. There has been a general
improvement in crop conditions during the
week. In some parts of .the west tho rains
came too late to ensure a heavy growth.
Collections are generally speaking fair;
Canadian stocks are not so depressed as a
week ago, and prices are steadier both at
Montreal and Toronto. Money is still inclined to be stringent, but may be easier
shortly. Mercantile discounts are unchanged at 6 to 7 percent. Bank clearings
in Toronto which" are a fair index of the
volume of business were 4 per cent, less
than last week, and 17 per cent, less than
a year ago,
A new indr.atry in Canadian lumber is
being developed in the city of Ottawa by
Messrs. McKae&Co., who have secured
the control of a German patent for the
treatment of beech and birch woods. The
great objection hitherto held against these
woods is the fact that they are very difficult
to seaaon, and even when they have boon
seasoned fully 40 per cent, is defective. By
the new process the sap is sweated out ol
the boards by being placed, in a green state,
in steam chambers for twelve days, after
which it is put into the drying chamber fot
two or three days, according to thickness,
and then by a chemical application tht
wood ia atained throughout a rich walnut
color, Tho process has been tried on a
large scale in Germany for tho past eighteen
months, and has proved such a succeas thai
experta acknowledge that wood so treated
is auperior to walnut, and the owners thera
write that they are quite unabls to supply
the demand. No country in the world haa
such forests of beech and birch as Canada,
and tho discovery of this procoss will no
doubt greatly enhance their value. A trial
kiln has been built iu Ottawa, and the first
parcel, tsrned out last week, is so satisfactory that works for tho treatment ol
twenty-five car loads monthly will be erected there immediately, and arrangements
made for the erection of two othir plants,
ono in western Canada and the other in Ihe
Province of Quebec It is probablo that
the bulk cf the first season's out put will
be shipped to England: whore the wood is
well known and can be readily Bold ou a
profitable basis.
linanoial Strinerenoy.
The tramp met the business man on tre
"Pardon mo a moment," ha said, bowing.
The businesa man was for going ahead.
" Pardon, me," repeated the tramp,
" but I understand there is a financial
stringency permeating commercial circles."
" Y03, there is," said the business man,
surprised at thia form of appeal.
" I had heard ao," said the tramp, " but
I disbelieved it, for I havo been told that
atory many, many timea in say experience."
" Well, its true now, whother you be>
lievo it or not," remarked the business man,
and I haven't a blame oent for you."
" I beg your pardon," bowed the tramp,
" I believe what you tell me isnpliaiCy,
and, to show yon I do, and that I do not)
want your money, I shall greatly accept?
your order on the saloon you paemizc for
one or two glasses of beer."
The business man was stumped.
" Here" he said, "take this desi* W? (It
out of the way."
1 I
Striking Contrast With the United States Banks-
One  Fnllnre    Asatnst   105—A   Canadian
View or the Uonaons.
Notwithstanding the fact, says the New
York Post, that the Canadian banks have
important connections and large interests in
this country, and that the sympathetic
eflect of the money stringency here has been
more or lesa felt in Canada, the suspension
of the Commercial Bank of Winnipeg is the
single bank failure in the Dominion during
the present depression, againsf. 105 failures
of national banks in the United Statea recently reported by Comptroller Eckels.
Upon being asked to what he attributed this
striking contrast Mr. Walter Watson of
the branch in this city of the Bank of Montreal eaid to-day : —
"As the best minds in the United States
are now with practical unanimity ascribing
thi causes of the American monetary crisis
largely to that experiment in bi-metaUism
embodied in the Sherman Silver Purchase
Act, there can be no indelicacy in my saying that I thorouzhly agree with them.
Undoubtedly your silver legislation has
been the principal reason of your present
financial plight, and quite as unquestionably
your steep tariff has been a subsidiary reason.
" It would be raah to aay that Canada
had not suffered in some degree from the
troubles which her near neighbor's politics
have brought upon that neighbor.interlock-
ed in interests as the two countries are ;
yet our sufferings have been infinitesimal as
compared with yours, and whereas hundreds of your banks have come to grief,
only one of ours, and that by no means one
of the most important, has had the slightest
difficulty in keeping its doors open and paying oh demand. Nevertheless, the situation
in Canada might have been far from so
pleasing were it not for our admirable
banking syatem, and, per contra, the financial condition of the United Statea would,
in my judgment, certainly be much lesa
unsatisfactory than it is if you had enjoyed
that lame syatem instead of the greatly inferior system whioh you have preferred to
" Tho Canadian syatem, in a word, is the
branch syatem. That meana that the
banking business in Canada is concentrated
in a feievhands, and that these few hands in
a few leading centres reach into the remotest parts of the Dominion, and do the
hanking for the entire country. It is, in
other words, a centralization of the banking
business, and, this being the principal,1 am
the more surprised that it haa been so totally neglected iu the United States ; for
although centralization in governmental
matters ia the " bete noire" o* mo8t of your
people, yet in matters of capital and business few people have carried it further than
you, e/pecially of late years—always excepting in reference to banking. If combination of capital and management has
been found to be so useful and so profitable
in so many other linea of business enterprise, why would it not be a good thing for
Americana to apply the aame method to
their banking syatem ? It ia the system of
Great Britain, and if the Bank of England is bucIi a mighty power in the
financial world, such a bulwark of the
buaineas aecurity of the Empire, it ia
because it haa been built into potency on
the lines of this policy. It ia also, in a less
degree, the system of France and of Germany, and there, too, we find the great
banks—the Bank -of France,   the Bank of
banks—Splendid anchors of financial safety.
That they have not always been saved from
all misfortune is no impeachment of their
great value and servioe ; for the severity of
the storm may be such as to cause the heaviest uichora to drag. Service to a eountry
in any degree comparable to the service
these British and Continental banks have
rendered to their respective countries we
do not find, and cannot expect to find
when the bank capital ia almost infinitely
disintegrated into separate units, and its
direction dissipated into as many independent bands.
" The bank' of   Canada are   a handful,
operating through dozens of branches in the
Dominion and outside of it.    The banks of
the United States are legion,  and not one
has anywhere a branch properly so called.
They have' correspondents,' but each correspondent   has   its own   affairs  to  attend
to, and ia mainly looking after its own individual   interests.    A    bsanch    has   but
une. interest   to   conserve—that   of    tho
bank to which   it  belongs.    It ia  hardly
necessary to point out to any clear-sighted
busineaa man the immense advantages of the
branch syatem, not only to the banks themselves, but to the community.   The three
main advantages, however, may be mentioned : (1) the augmentation of capital by concentration ; (2) the control of thia capital by
a single   governing body;  (3)  the maintenance of immediate, direct, trustworthy
and full information aa to commercial and
financial conditions at all points of operation.    The importance of large capital in a
bank no one doubts ; the £125,000,000 of
the Bunk of England Bpeaks for itself as a
factor in the immense influence of that in-
eitution.     Nor can it bo questioned  that
large resources under one  control can  be
better applied . to safeguard  the financial
eutuation when stringency sets in and panic
threatens than ca n equal resources under
a  number—and  especially a great   number—of  separate  controls.    It may be said
that it [depends upon  the quality of the
single control, and so it does ; but such control is not like'y to come into incapable
hands ; the tendancy of vast, banking institutions ia irtotho most capable and at the
same time tho most conservative hands, as
the example of tho Bank of England  illus
trates.    The third advantage inherent in
the branch ayatem—the furnishing of constant and trustworthy information from all
parte of the field to the ainglo governing
body reaponaible for the direction and conservation of great capital—though last is by
no rreans least.    Your recent and present
experience especially  illustrates   how important it is.    Dozens of your minor banks
that went Under failed largely because they
did not know what was going on outside of
their city or town.   They perished through
isolation and ignorance. Had the Canadian
system prevailed in  the United   Statea,
these bankd trould have been branches of a
few large banks centered in the main cities
of the Union and chiefly in this city.    Th;s
WonM have insured to each of these branches  the   benefit   of   all   the knowledge of
conditions gathered   by   the parent bank
from   all   its    branches,    guidance    from
the   main  office in   the   light of this intelligence, and finally the active support of
the entire resources of the  institution in
any moment of danger—support which the
close-knit   organization   of   the  ramifying
bank would have   enabled the  governing
body to give with the utmost promptness at
the right liiment.    Who can&it boo what
a differed  footing this would have given
your failed hanks?   And who can doubt
that it would have saved most of them and
have prevented in tho buaineaa community
a great part of the alarm and panic caused
by the failing banks ? Standing alone, with
nothing behind them but their own limited
and, in aome caaea, very slender resources,
it ia no wonder that so many of your institutions have succumbed to ths strain.
"The Canadian system ought to be adopted in the United States. There ought to be
in New York a great bank, with a capital
of at least $100,000,000, and with branches
in every important city in the Statea. Ita
influence for good would be speedily felt.
However, I do not expect to see our system
adopted hero, because there aro too many
men in the United Statea who want to be at
the head of a bank. There ia not sufficient
willingnesa to serve.
" In what I have said about the lack of
combination and concentration in the banking system of the United Statea it must not
be supposed that I overlook what has been
attained in that direction through your
clearing house. The isancc of clearing
house certificates seemed to presage a step
towards our system. But the degree of
co-operation obtained through the clearing
house is a very different thing from, and an
inadequate substitute for, that genuine
consolidation and solidarity of bank ng in-
terestJ which are the characteristic of our
A 81eepy Little Eohool-
A funny old professor kept a school  for little
And h-j'd romp with them in play-time and ho
wo-.ildn't mind their noise ;
While in his little schoolroom with it's   head
against the wall.
Was a bed of such proportion it was big enough
for all.
" Its for tired little pupils," he explained, "for
you will find
How very wrong indeed it is to force a budding
Whcne vcr one (crows slocpy and he cant hold
up his head,
I make him lay hw primer down and send him
off to bed!
" And sometimes It will happen on a  warm
and pleasant day,
When the little birds upon tho trees go tooral-
When wide awake and studious its difficult to
One by one they'll get a-nodding till the whole
class is asleep.
' Then before their all in dreamland and their
funny snores begin,
I close the shutters softly so tho sunlight can't
conic in:
After which I put the School-books  in  their
order on the shelf.
And, with nothing else to do, I.toke a little nap
—[St. Nicholas.
Edison's Railway Newspaper-
Had Edison been a ess energetic boy, he
might have remained to this day a vender
of news. But scarcely had he reached his
fifteenth year when he resolved to edit and
publish a paper of his own. For this purpose he purchased three hundred pounds of
old type from the Detroit Free Press,
whose composing-room waa one of his favorite resorts when off duty.
Attached to his train there waa a epring-
lesa freight-car, with room set apart for
smoking. Owing to the bad ventilation,
passengers rarely entered this compartment. Here the newsboy deposited hia
type and set about the publication of The
Grand Trunk Herald. It waa a twelve-by
sixteen-inch aheet, printed by tho pressure
of the hand, and on one Bide only. Ihe
Herald was issued weekly and sold for
three cents a copy or eight cents a month,
and reached a circulation of several hundreds. The columns were devoted to railway gossip,  changes,  accidents, market-
VAnt-tq .&j\rtr'.jivu?<Ll.iii{/vui!£?hv4r.   *"■ '
Railroad men of prominence were among
its contributors, and it became celebrated
as the only newspaper in the woiId printed
in a railway train. The journalistic ambition of the young editor was satisfied
when the Herald attained editorial mention
in the London Times.
Not content with hia success as editor, publisher, and train-boy Edison now
purchased, on the instalment plan, a supply
of chemicals, and having secured in the
railroad shops some old retorts in exchange
for papers, fitted up in the Herald office a
chemical laboratory. Rich in Fresenius's
"Qualitative Analyaia," which he had
thoroughly studied, and the materials now
at hand, he stood on the threshold of a new
world, with the dawning conaoiouanesa of
the message nature's untried forces had
in store for him. Alas, an extra jolt of the
springlcrs car one day played havoo with
the rudely constructed laboratory ! In the
wreck was a bottle of phosphorus from
which the water had evaporated. The phosphorus ignited and Bet fire to the car, and
before he could Bay Jack Robinson, the
hapless young chemist, editor, and vender
was soundly cuffed by the infuriated conductor and thrown bodily from the blazing
train 1
Recalling the incident, years afterward,
Edison, in the laboratory at Menlo Park,
gave bo practical an illustration of the catastrophe that an explosion ensued, filling the
place with stifling fumes and creat ing a stampede among some distinguished scientists
assembled in a room above the laboratory.
Through the blinding vapor they decended,
excitedly demanding an explanation.
"Oh!"said Edison, amused attheirpanic,
" I was only showing the gentlemen how
that explosion occurred on the Grand Trunk
The destruction of tho boy's railroad
laboratory transferred his operations to the
basement of hia father's house in Tort
Huron. In order that his chemicals should
not be disturbed, he labeled every bottle
" Poison."—[August St. Nicholas.
In Her  nnil'-anfl's Absence siic   Installed
Anoiiii-i- Man la Hi* Place.
A Port Huron special says:—A peculiar
state of affairs has been found to exiat in
the family of Jacob Fttlker, prrprietor of
the Exchange hotel in this city. Mr.
Falker left about two months ago for Indiana, where he has been up to Within the
p\st few days. On hia arrival here he was
confronted by .in interesting state of affairs.
His wife claimed to have tired of her former liege lord, and had therefore installed
another person in his place who had come
here from Sarnia, and was known aa Mr.
Moeher. All of Mr. Talker's efforts tore-
gam the place which Mr. Mother vas
occupying seemed fruitless, his erstwhile
wife repudiating him, and to cap the climax
made the aaaertion that she had never b?en
legally married to Falker, although they
had been living together a great many years.
She further atated that she had married
Moaner during the absence of Falker, and
would not forsake hitn. To say that Falker
wa8 hot is expreaBing it but mildly. Not
knowing what further stepa to take in the
matter, Falker consulted Lawyer Murphy,
and together they proceeded to the hostelry
where Mr. Falker took possession during
his rival's absence. The doubly wedded
woman soon made her appearance and
demanded to know what they were at.
After a consultation between the parties,
Mrs. Falker decided to leave her last acquired husband and again install Mr.
Falker aa master of the household.
My Toothache
19 an exe'amation heard every hour in the
day. Toothache is ths most common ailment of young and old, and in the aggregate inflicts more suffering than perhaps
any other single complaint. A one minute
cure is just what every person desires to
posaeaa. Nerviline—nerve pain cure—acts
almost instantly in relieving the agony, and
a sample bottle affords a quantity sufficient
for 100 applications. 10 cents fills the bill.
Poison's Nerviline is the only positive remedy for toothache and all nerve pains. Sold
by all dealers in medicine.
Coming to Life at the Graveside-
Amoet extraordinary case of resuscitation
is just reported from the British colony a',
Lagos, where a woman came to life when she
wasat the cemetery to'be buried. The woman
whose name was Oaeni, was a Mahometan,
and had to all appearance died on the pre-
viouaday. The body was dressed in the way
customary with Mahometans, and put in a
coffin. The mourners assembled at the
cemetery and in accordance with the Mahometan rule the body was lifted from the
coffin to be buried, when several distinct
coughs were given by the supposed corpae.
She was at once released from the cloths
which bound her, and the old woman, to the
surprise and amazement of those present,
sat upright and opened her eyes. Some
gruel was then procured by the astonished
mourners, and the old woman partook of it
with evident relish. Clothe! were afterwards supplied her, and she was taken
home. The woman, who was far advanced
in years, stated that during her state of inanition she received a premonition that she
was to proceed to her own country in the
interior and die there. The old lady was
making preparations to go into the interior
when the report was sent of/.
Slavery in Siam-
o-.tH/has been abolished in name, but
it ciu never be abolished in fact, for the
slavi, 'iave no means of supporting themselves vutside their masters' houses. Every
mem be.- of the Siamese upper classes can
fetter .his servants or throw them into
prison jrithout any kind of trial or permission tflng necessary. One morning I went
to call upon one of the ablest and moat en-
lightened of the .Ministers, a man who has
been M Europe, and who i nee actually got
into sotious trouble for trying to inaugurate
a sort gf woman's rights movement in Siam.
I madt my way by mistake into a part of
his grouiid^where visitors were not expected, ani 1 Bund a slave fastened down to
the gruiml in an ingenious kind of pillory,
in whi^h he could not move hand or foot,
while another slave tortured him with
severe strokes of a bamboo rod at the word
of a mtmber of the family, in order to force
him to confess to some misdeed.
The total quantity of coal, coke, cinders
and fuel exported from the United Kingdom was 6,450,077 tonB, an increase of 239-
537 tons over the first quarter of 1892, and
of 28.TA tons over the first quarter of 1891.
The tverage r.rice of the exported fuel in
: 1S93 was $2.36 ; in 1892, $2.83 ; and in 1891,
Playing cards were invented in 1380. It
'■ is estimated that the preaent annual output
! exceeds 7,000,000 a year.
The apple parer was given to the public
in lS'.Vl. At tho present day one Eastern
firm Stakes over 27,000 a year.
Some fancy tho charms of the lily-white maid,
Of ethereal form and languishing eye,
Who f«ints in tho sunshine and droops In tho
And is always "just ready to die."
But. give me tho girl of tho sunshiny face
The blood in whose veins courses healthy
and free,
With tho vigor of youth in her movements of
Oh, tTfut is themaiden for me I
She is the girl to " tie to " for life. The
sickly, complaining woman may be an object ol lovo and pity, but she ceasea to be a
" thing of beauty " worn down by female
weakness and disorders, subjects to hyateria
and a martyr to bearing-down pains. Dr.
Pierce'a Favorite Prescription is a sure cure
for these distressing complaints, and will
transform the feeble, drooping sufferer into
a healthy, happy blooming woman. Guaranteed to give satisfaction in every case, or
money paid for it refunded.
The Prince of Wales plays the banjo fairly well.
i A P. 672.
St T!iimii:h, Out.
The School of Elocutio i is taught by dis -
tinguiahed graduates of the best Schools of
Expression. The growth of the attefidanc e
haa been marvellous and the resulta of
training imparled in Physical and Vocal
Culture, Gesture, Djlsarte and Pantomime
have won the praise of ths best critics.
Many graduates are now successful teachers.
Young ladies while pursuing an Elocution
coiiren cin also take Music, Fine Art or
Languages. For 60 pp. Announcement address Prbsidknt Austin-, B.A.
She—" Dear uie, I never realized what
, talkers Americana are until I found this
item." He- " What does it state ?" "That
$300,000,000, is spent here for hats in a
Thirty dears' Experience
n treating all chronic diBeaseR gives positive
proof that -Tisane Builders" (Histogenetic) arc
tho beat remedies. Send postal card for
book (free) to Dr. W. Rear, room 10, Gerrard
Arcade, Toronto, Ont. Mention this paper.
Bertie—" You say he called you a
donkey I What did you do?" Fred-
" Nothing." Bertie—" Well, if a man call-
me a donkey I'd kick him with both feet."
Fred—" Just so. Any donkey would do
that !"
Dr. Harvey's Southern Red Pine for
coughs and colds is the moat reliable and
pertect cough medicine in the market. For
ale everywhere. 	
Active Volcanoes in Europe-
There are three well-known centres of
volcanic action in Europo--narr!«ly, that of
Italy, to which Etna, Vesuvius, Vnlcano,
and Stro.-nboli belong, the last named being in more or less constant activity ; that
of Iceland with Hecla ; and that of the
Azores. As a result of the volcanic action
in Iceland and the frequent eruptions which
take place in that country, 2,4G0 square
miles of its area are covered with lava,
while many of its ice hills are the subject
of volcanoes frequently emitting mud and
ashes. The most terrific eruption in Iceland in the present century threw out a lava
stream 46 miles in length and nearly 15
miles in breadth. Stromholi is in such constant eruption that it has been named the
lighthouse of the Mediterranean. There are
nearly 350 volcanoes in various parts of the
world whioh still have eruptiona at longer
or shorter intervala, of which 200 are on
the shores of the Pacific. Auetralia ia the
only land portion of the globe which has no
known volcanoea. There are 116 volcanoes
on the varioua continenta, the remainder
being insular.
 — "fflO-
The ruby in the centre of the Maltese
Cross on the top ot the British crown is the
stone that was given to the Black Prince
by King Pedro of Castille after tho battle
of Najara. Henry V. of England wore it
in his helmet at the bulOt sf Agincourt.
The Cost of "So
It costs to be "in the s
fork BocielyTTrom 525,0ol) toJUOT.000 per
year is the estimate made bjjBm familiar
with the ways of the Four Hundred, and he
tells some dreadful tales out of school:
"New York society in these days sadly
needs ready money. When the tradesmen
begin to shut down the trouble commences.
I remember a year or so ago a friend of mine
called upon a family acquaintance on Fifth
avenue. He was invited informally to dine.
He accepted and it was the most unfortunate thing he could have done: The family
were compelled to send out for dinner, and
I believe it took all the ready money in the
house. Their butcher and grocer had Bimply
shut down on them, and they have since gone
into involuntary retirement. At one of the
Patriarch balls a mother and daughter were
the most handsomely dressed women in the
room. To make a long story short, Mrs. X.
had pawned a magnificent diamond necklace
in order to get her gowns from the dressmaker. Some tune after she redeemed the
necklace, and her jeweller subsequently
discovered that the gems had been replaced
by paste atones. A detective waa placed on
the case, but the pawnbroker learned who
his customers were and threatened exposure
if arrested.    The family did not prosecute."
Eyesight Saved
After Scarlet Fever, Diphtheria, rneumonia
and other prostrating diseases, Hood's Sarsaparilla ia unequalled to
thoroughly purify the
blood and give needed
strength.   Head this:
"My boy had Scarlet
Fever when 4 yeara oh?,
leaving him very weak
and with blood pol*.
oned   with   crtaket
Hia eyes . became  lrt-
flamed,   his   suffering!
were intense, and for 1
CUrr.«lBUckm.». weeks 113co«!dnoteve»
open his eyes.  I took
him t» the Eye ar.d Ear Innrnmrtr, but their
remedies did him no good.  I bigeA giving him
Hood's StvMftpariile
Ml, If not his very HfP«"*jrBiE F. Black-
Yes, but feed it with Scott's Emulsion.
Feeding the cold kills it, and no one
can afford to have a cough or cold, acute
and leading to consumption, lurking
around him.
Of pure Norwegian Cod Liver
OU and Hypophosphites
strengthens Weak -Lungs, checks all
Wasting Diseases an<i is a remarkable
Flesh Ptoducer.   Almost as Palatable as
Milk,Prepared only by Scott ABowne,Belleville.
K.D.C. is specially
prepared for the cure
of indigestion onddys-
pepsia. Cure guaranteed. Try it, and be
convinced of its Great
Mention this paper.
Free simple mailed to any address.
•i(Mi, if not his very 111
HAN, 2888 Washington St., Bolton, Mass.
"'* ■—
H00D'8 P|LL8 are tho best »fterTllnner ruts,
assist digestion, cure headache and biliousness.
unprecedented facilities for noqulring a
thorough knowledge of Cutting; in all its
brancnos; also agents for the McDowell Draft-
ng Machine Write for circulars, 123 Yongo St.
IMPROVED central Toronto  Properties to
exchange for farm lands.   Money to loan.
Kcalty-. Blnchatock, Nosbltt A  VUadwlck,
5S; Wellington Street K., Toronto.
Think of it-
Never before in the history of the world
was there a remedy lor corns as safe, painless, and certain as Putnam's Painless Corn
Extractor, it makes no sore spots and acts
speedily. Try Putnam's Corn Extractor.
At druggists.
* g» 1
BlTWEKN  THE  Ll(lflT8.
Love ! my love ! the snnsat splendor
Left the world an hour ago ;
The- maiden moon, all shy and slender,
Swooning in the fervid glow.
'Neath curtains drawn, tho earth is listing
The wooing sibilants of tho sea ;
O'er land and wave to keep our tryating,
Your constant spirit Bpeeds to me.
Live ! my lovo ! at evening musing,
Apart and lon«, save for your dream,
Memory Past and Present fusing
Into ono swift, shining stream—
Leagues by hundreds numbered, parted
From eyes wan with vigils vain ;
You, O leal and single-hearted !
Answer, throb for throb, my pain.
Lovo i my  Love ! weird fancies throng
As the south winds criap the sea—
Hope and boding, joy and longing,
Havo their minor tone for me.
Yours may be God's calm Forever,
Safe from touch or jar of Fate,
Far as star-sown space can sever
From me who expect and wait.
Love ! my Love I in purple drifting,
Summer duak the valley fills ;
To the leaning sky uplifting
Reverent brows, rise altared hills.
By the meaning hush of even,
By the mirrored deep in deep,
Be your bourne or earth, or heaven,
I know our promised tryst you keep.
What the farmer's boy Bighs for is the
last rows cf summer.
. Gold to the amount of $4,900,000 has been
engaged in London for export to New York,
where money was easier for some dayB at 6
to 10 per cent.
When the Buapicious man Beea a balloon
Bailing away toward the clouda he ia jua-
tified in thiuliiuK there ia something up.
TEACHERS and old->r Scholars can make
money canvassing for "Farmers' Friend
and Account Book." Send for circulars. WILLIAM isitH.t.s, Publisher Toronto.
Agents everywhere.
High Speed Family Knitter
Will knit 10 piitri iocki per
_ day. will do all work anv
plain circular knitting machine
-will do, from homespun or factory yarn. The most practical
family knitter on tho market. A
child can operate It. Btrone,
Dnrahlc, Simple, linpld. Wo
(Tiuirftiitee everv machine to do
Rood work. Beware of Imitations.
Afe-eina wanted. Write for paras Knitting M»«h!ns Co, Dundas, Ontario.
The Loavill Dehorning Clip
pois will lake them off with less
trouble and loss pain than any
other way.
Send for circular giving prlco,
testimonials, etc.
IHT Cralz  Street. Monlrea
That pooplo would havo bcon rogularly using
our Toilet Soaps ulneo 1815 (forty-sovon long
years) if they had not boon 0001) I Tho publlo
arc no 1. fools and do not ran limn; to buy yoodd
unless they aro satisfactory.
Lodge Seals, School Soals, Office and Bank
Stamps,4jtamps of every description.
10 King Street West, Toronto.
^WritoLir Circulars.
Electrical Supplies. Boll Outfits, &c. Repairs prompt and reasonable. School and
Experimenters' Supplioa and Books.
38* 3? Adelaide St. W„ Toronto
For Circular Address,
77 Northcote Ave., Toronto
for aale by the Saint Paul
___________ A Duxutii Railroad
COMFAST IS Minnesota,   Bend for Maps and Circu.
Urs. They will be Bent to you
Land Commissioner, St. Paul, Minn,
Best in the World'.j
Get the Genuine!!
Sold Everywhere!
Grants Diplomas in Commercial Science
Music, Fine Arts, ^Elocution and Collegiate
KST Candidates nropared for Matriculation
and for ovory grade of Teachors' Certificates.
Will reopen
Send for Calendar.   Address
To think that yon must
wear   wide,   ill-looking
shoes to have comfort.
Our   shoes   are  both
easy and elegant
nice  to look at
_____-_.      a'5'e'
while in wear.
The J. D.  KING CO. Ltd.,
This is the query per-
What Is petually on your little
boy's lips. And he is
It For? no worse than the bigger, older, balder-head*
edboys. Life is an interrogation
point. "What is it for?" we con«
tinually cry from tne cradle to th«
grave. So with this little introduof
tory sermon we turn and ask: "Wha$
is August Flower for ?" As easily
answered as asked : It is for Dys«
pepsia. It is a special remedy fof
the Stomach and Liver. Clothing
more than this; but this brimful.
We believe August Flower cures
Dyspepsia. We know it will. W4
have reasons for knowing it. Twenty
years ago it started in a small countrj
town. To-day it has an honored
place in every city and country stortf,
possesses one of the largest manu*
facturing plants in the country and
sells everywhere. Why is this? Tha
reason is as simple as a child's
thought. It is honest, does one
thing, and does it right along—it
cures Dyspepsia. •
G G. GREEN, Sole Man'fr.Woodbury.NJ.
new rnooEss
Rubber Stamps
Quean City Rubber Stamp Works. Toronto.
From all Stations in Ontario, Return P.ites t«
Estevnn    "1
Mpoeomin [   $28*00
Reston       ]
w|- $30,00
Edmonton     $40 00
AUG. 15, return until OCT. 18
AUG, 22, "      " OCT. 22
SEPT.   i, "      " NOV. 6
Parties ticketing from other points should
arr. nge to arrive at Toronto in time to con
nect] with the 10:15p.m. train  on above*
Your machinery with etc, standard and
Machine Oil
We will nive a substantial reward to anyone bringing us profit of Other oil being
sold aa our peerless machine oil.
None genuine except from packagoe
bearing full brand, and one name, and sold
only by reliable and regular dealera.
Sole manufacturers.
Canada's Great
Sept. 4 to 16
Excelling all others
And many other Improvements
Greater and Better than Ever
The People's Greatest Annual Outing
J. J. WITHROW,       H. J. HILL,
President.      manager, Toronto
Aftor five years' sn
foring from Dynpopal
my wife Kct   entirely
cured iu ono month by
tho free use of
Tlio happy transition it
brings Ik grand and pcr<
manent, We prize St,
Leon Kohlfthly wo will
take pleasure In answer
Inif any Inquiries.
Joseph Pkiob,
319 llovcncourt   Road,
Hotel now open.
M.  A.  Tiiomah,   MgA.
Branch ■ 449 Yonge
GET   <>s
Send,for Question Sheet. On Receipt or Answers,
Let Me Select What it Required. Will Send You
PRIOE. Coods are Sent BY MAiL., Reqisterfd,
S»nd Stamp for Illustrated Bcofc .
OKAS. €tX.Xr^l_t_Bi
Suroioal Machinist. 134 Kino Street W. TOR0HY» \y~-
-   THK   -
Okanagan Mining Review
Published weekly in the interests of the Southern Interior of British Columbia, in which are
situated the following mining camps: Fairview,
Boundary Creek, Rock Creek, Camp McKinney,
Granite Creek and the Similkameen and Kettle
River ranching districts.
Subscription Price, $11.00 per annum, payable
in advance, either yearly or half-yearly at the
option of tho subscriber.
Advertising Rates sent on application.
Address all communications
The Okanagan Mining Review
Okanagan Falls, B. C.
While our columns are always open for the
discussion of any relevant subjects, we do not
necessarily endorse the opinions of contributors.
AnonymouB letters will not be published.
At present, as most of our renders
are well aware, the Review lias ample
room for an able-liodied kick on the
question of mail facilities. It is true
the Lower Country as a whole has been
worse off in this connection than at
present, hut that is no reason why an
improvement should not lie effected at
once, for the service is yet anything
but satisfactory to this district its a
whole, and as for Okanagan Falls we
are sure that it should not be very difficult for the Post Offloe Department
to improve on the service to this place,
for we have none at all. A petition
has been forwarded to Ottawa to have
an office opened here, but if it fares no
better than the usual petitions of this
sort, then the people here may be prepared to possess their souls iu patience
for weary months to come. Through
the courtesy of the postmaster at Penticton and also the kindness of Mr. H.
C. Newman, of the Penticton and Oro
stage line, our position is not as bad as
the P. O. Department might wish, but
it is, nevertheless just so bad that constant kicking will be necessary until
the people here are given their just
There is another question also that
should engage the attention of Inspector Fletcher and the Post Office
Department, and this is a feature that
at present does not particularly concern
Okanagan Falls but it does the whole
Lower Country. What we refer to is
the delay in mail matter caused by the
present method of distribution. Vernon is too far away to be retained as
the office of distribution for this whole
lower district. At present mail matter
for the Lower Country reaches Vernon
by the forenoon train each day. The
boat leaves immediately on arrival of
the train at the Landing and the letters
which should be brought down' on it
must lie there in Vernon post office
until the boat makes her round trip,
and starts again for Penticton with
h«jss»-.t)wfc.^Ji»i--laiiLixL.thR Yexnrui-
post office for forty-eight hours. To
illustrate further the injustice which is
thus done to business men in the Lower
Country, let us take another instance.
An express parcel leaves Vancouver by
Tuesdays' train and reaches Penticton
on Wednesday evening; but a letter
containing an invoice of this same
express parcel, and leaving Vancouver
on the same train, does not reach Penticton until Friday evening. Where
has it been all this time ? Merely lying
in Vernon post office. A letter leaving
Vancouver on Wednesday's train will
also arive in Penticton on Friday. The
former, it will be seen, has lain in Vernon office for 48 hours and the latter 21
hours. Now this difficulty could easily
be obviated if the Inspector would
make Penticton the office of distribution for all the mail for this district.
To do this he would only require to
provide mail clerks on the main line
with mail bags for Penticton direct and
thus let us in this part of the district
have through mail without the vexatious delays to which we have so long
been subjected.
It is not surprising that the British
arbitrator and the British public are
well enough pleased with the result of
the arbitration. The decision on the
international law points is a diplomatic
victory at least, and as to the "meat"
of the dispute, that does not concern
them closely. It concerns the British
Columbia sealers, however, very intimately, and it leaves them but little to
be pleased with. The arbitrators impose no restrictions on the Americans.
They are not restrained in the number
of skins they may see fit to take every
year. The regulations as to the close
season and the use of fire-arms will, of
course, apply to them as well as to
others, but it will be of no practical
hinderance to their operations. It
looks, on the other hand, as if these
two prohibitions will be a heavy handicap to our scalers, who have to do their
hunting at sea. We do not lose sight
of the fact that regulations for the prevention of an indiscriminate slaughter
of seals was necessary, but it is certainly singular that the people having
the supreinest interest in the preservation of the herds are asked to make
no sacrifice to that end. There is perhaps, no one to blame, and no help for
the matter, but it asks for an exhibition of too much philosophy to pretend
to be enthusiastic or even pleased over
this award.
The Spanish Government litis decided
not to insist on the payment of all customs duties in gold, as had been proposed.
The .statement of Imports and exports
for the Dominion for July shows an increase in the aggregate trade of $1,100,-
000 over last year.
It is announced that the United
States Senate will take no action regarding the Sherman act until the
House has announced its final decision.
Considering Che enormous wealth of
the land owners of Great Britain it is a
pretty clear indication of what class
controls Legislation when we find that
land only contributes 3.21 per cent, of
the total taxation.
An appropriation is to be made by
the Chilian Congress for an international exhibition of mini nginachinery
and kindred industries, which will be
held in Santiago next April, United
States firms will be specially invited to
The statement of the Post Office Savings' Bank for the year ended June 80,
shows that the bank hits recovered
from the effect of the reduction of
interest font-years ago, from four per
cent, to three and a half, as the deposits
during the year exceeded the with-
drawls by mora than a million, and the
balance at the credit of depositors was
the highest ever known, being $33,163,-
193, an increase of nearly two million
over last year, being eleven hundred
thousand more than the highest
amount ever reached previously.
Don't Hide Your Light Under a Bushel.
We extend an invitation to those
having mining property, to send or
bring us samples and information, and
to invariably pay us a visit when in the
city. Letters referring to mining in
any form, letters of inquiry or explanation of any process in which the public
should be interested will be received
and published. Anyone engaged in
mining wishing to impart knowledge
relating to the mining industry, or
writing up any camp, will receive the
same courteous treatment as one of
older acquaintance.
water can be filtered and used repeat
edly, the only loss  being by seepage
and evaporation.
Or. John Chippe died at Vernon WL
week from ____ stroke of apoplexy. A'
is usual in such ctises, his illness w;v
very brief, and he was unconscioir
from the lime of the first attack, fcwl
days previous to his death.
Dr. Chipp was born in Shropshire,
England ' in Jnne 1833, and wasahuj
sixty yeara of age. He emigrated to
America in 1802, landing in British
Columbia in November of that yen;'
having made the trip from England
around Cape Horn as surgeon of a
sailing vessel which landed him at
Victoria, Here he remained for ,t
short time, but went to Cariboo in th
early sixties where he practised lii^.
profession and was medical attendant
in the hospital at Barkerville until he
left in 18S0. Next he went to Nicola
where he remained until his removal
to Vernon sonic three years ago, as he
wished to hi? near his daughter, Mrs.
Dewduey, who waa the only member
of his family 111 this country.
.dvert isemenls under the heads of Lost, Found,
For Sale or To Let and Situations Wanted
will be inserted at the rate of one cent a
word each insertion. Payment always in
advance. No advertisement received for
less than twenty-five cents.
WANTED— Advertisers to use the columns
of the Mining Review to extend their
trade in the Southern Interior of B. C. I
Subscribers   to   the   MINING
ew at 9'i.lH) per year, or ?1 for six
in advance.
W    Review in all   the camps throughout
-. iew in ol
this district.
for the Mining
ColumbiaFloupingMills C0-
EN11EBI1Y,  B.C.
33.   C
Comer Alcxandor Street and
Westminster Ave.
Difficulties on the Fairview Road Overcome.
The Kettle River Road.        .     J
__   .    u
Mr. Lumby, Government Agent at
Vernon, came down on Monday last to
inspect the Fairview road, and more
especially to see what was best to be
done to get around the over-hanging
bluff along the river. Under his in-
ntnietit-iB at»- SghnhgafoT'tas bad some.
blasting done to .test the nature of the
rock and if it continues as at present
the difficulties will be overcome.
Should, however, it appear that the
cost will be too great other means of
passing this point will be adopted until
the more permanent road can be made.
He is Well pleased with the portion of
the road already completed, and thinks
it is about time the Townsite Co. did
their share by building the bridge at
the Falls.
Mr. Lumby stated to the Review
that it was unlikely that the Kettle
River road would be completed this
year as the appropriation for road work
would not warrant it. He deplored this
as at prespe.nt the settlers and miners
were put to much inconvenience, and
the trade of that district was going
across tho line. Ho, however, is doing
all he can, and when one considers the
large extent of his district, from Sica-
mous to the boundary, it is a wonder
he accomplishes so much.
General Founders, Engineers, Boiler Makers
and Manufacturers of All Classes
of Machinery.
Saw Mill and Marine Work a Specialty.
All Work Guaranteed.
Keep in Stock a Full Supply of Enginoora' and
Mill Suppllos, Pipe and Fittings, Brass
Goods, Steam Fittings, Etc.
Estimates for Boilers and Engines on Application.
1 Sole Manufacturers of the Kendall Band Mil!
B. C. Shillglo Machines. Steam Log HauliiiK
Machines, Marion Steam Shovels, Improved
Winding Hoist, River and Harbor Dredges,
King Ditching Machines, Wrecking Machines,
Ballast L'nloitdors, etc.
gents for Ottuma Mining Hotat, 'Electric
ik Drill, and Reeve's Wood Spilt Pulleys.
Mail Orders Receive Prompt Attention.
Pioneop Roller Mill of the Province.
Manufacturers of the famous
Premier ::       Three Star
Brand ::       Brand
Mill Feed always on hand.
' T8;ii rM erby.
R. P. RITHET & CO., Limited, Agents,
Lake View
Situated at Kolowna and fronting on Lake
Okanagaiii the most beautiful body of fresh
water iu British Columbia, Especially attractive for guests who are desirous of spending n
few weeks whore flsu and game are plentiful.
Within a short distance of Lord Aberdeen's
fruit estate and all points in the far-fiimcd
Okanagan Mission valley. Adjacent to (steamboat wharf, where boats call daily.
A. McDOXALl). Proprietor.
A Placer Gold Saving Device — The Bucyrus
System In the Field.
It is not only possible, but highly
probable, that there will be a greater
production of gold during the next few
years than for many years past. It is
a well known fact that many large deposits of base, low grade ores exist that
are today lying idle for the want of the
knowledge of some cheap process for
the extraction of the precious metal,
"Necessity becomes the mother of invention," which is a guarantee that
this question of cheap methods will be
solved at an early day. It is also a
well known fact that large beds of
gravel exist that are rich in fine Hour
gold that it has been found impossible
to save by the ordinary methods of
placer mining. There are a great
many inventions in the market claiming to be successful, but so far their
operation has either been a failure or
too expensive to leave any margin for
profit. Late last fall a machine was
put in operation on a gravel bed in
Bald mountain, Wyoming. It is a
concentrator and amalgamator, guaranteed to save 00 per cent, of all the
gold in any gravel that is free from
clay. The capacity of the machine is
sixty yards per hour and will handle
the gravel at a cost not to exceed five
cents per yard.
The tests made by this machine last
fall were very satisfactory. Three of
these machines are now being made
for as many different localities and
within thii next three months will have
been thoroughly tested. The machine
uses a very small amount of water, furnished  by a steam  piunii, the same
J. E. W. Mac
■T. W. Campion.
cpaffttANE, Manager
ON, Sec.-Treas.
Manufacturer of
Of Every Description
Okanagan Falls, B. C.
Review . .
Nothing In business pnys hotter;
but the e is vcy liilo o" it. aud it
pars*' the 1>W?' on tint Recount.
What we mean by good printing is
such as befits yq.ir bssue**; ne ihtr
above nor be'ov/jt.; not Dlenn in nny
way. nor exlravs..; uit; but businesslike; proper; carrel.
It costs no nfbro limn inferior work,
and you are heniltictl by the favj:nu!o
lmpressionjakvli the uso of neat ami
_ti office suuVonery makes'
vhoui you deal.
The little extra attention required
on our part to turn out a good class of
work is compensated for by gaining
and retaining your custom.
The Okanagan
Mining Review
Okanagan Falls
British Columbia
Speed,   Safety,  Economy  of
Time and Money!
Daily Through Express Trains
Coast Points
Dining Hall
J. J. FORD, Proprietor   "
First-Class Tabic
Single Meals flOe.
Hoard per Week 50.00
Main Street, . . Okanagan F\Hs
To Toronto, Montreal,  Hamilton,
Ottawa,    Halifax,    Portland,
New York, Boston, Chicago
and  St.  Paul.
Passengers Booked To and From All
European Points.
For time-tables, rates, and full information
apply to
District Pass. Agent, Vancouver.
Penticton and Oro Stage Line
In Connection with C. P. R.
Stage leaves Penticton at 7 a.m. Tuesdays,
Thursdays and Saturdays.
Stage loaves Oro at 7 a.m. Mondays, Wednesdays and Fridays.
Arrives at Penticton or Oro nt G p.m,
IBTMakos connections with C. P. It. Streamer
Aberdeen and trains to all points.
For further particulars apply to
Manager, Oro, Wn.
Or Gko. McL. Brown,
Hist. Pass. Agent. Vancouver.
A New City possessed of a Wonderful
Combination of Advantages.
It is the natural Distributing Point for the whole
of the Lower Okanagan Valley and the
faions Kettle River eonntry.
SINCE the announcement was made that a new City bearing the name of Okanagan Falls, had started into life
y£* there have been numerous enquiries bearing on the sub-
d ject. It has for some time been a sine qua non that a
city of importance must spring up somewhere in the Okanagan
country, which for several years past has been attracting the
attention of capitalists, not only on this continent but in Great
Britain as well. Its combination of resources so richly aggregated, comprising mining, grazing, fruit-growing, etc., must of
necessity evolve a city in its midst, which will be one of the
centres of the Province. This is just as certain as the fact that
at. the* terminus of the C.P.R. on the Pacific coast ;there was '
bound to be a sea-port city of importance. The question ot
location is to be decided by the conditions most favorable to
urban growth. These conditions, as will be shown in answer
to some of the numerous received, are all comprised in the
situation of Okanagan Falls.
One question asked is, " Where and what is Okanagan
Falls?" In reply, it is the nucleus of a city, the prospects of
which are not surpassed by any other on the Pacific coast;
situated at the foot of Dog lake, in the famous Okanagan valley, B.C. Had the conditions for a prosperous and populous
city been especially stipulated and ordered as the work of nature,
they could not have combined more favorably to produce success. The first and most natural question to arise in the mind
of any common-sense man is, "What is there to make a city
at Okanagan Falls?" Unless such a question is fully and fairly
answered, any person endeavoring to place in the market town-
site property, backed up with glittering promises of a rich
retnrn, may fairly be regarded with suspicion and distrust.
Readers are requested to carefully consider the reasons here
advanced in support of the strong faith the promoters have in
the future of Okanagan Falls.
In the first place, Okanagan Falls is likely to be the
terminus, of the Canadian Pacific & Okanagan Steamboat line; it is in the line of the only possible pass which
can be utilized by the C.P.R. south of the present line, or, in
other words, via the Crow's Nest Pass route to the Pacific
Coast; it is the proposed terminus of the Spokane & Northern
Railway, and of the Okanagan & Osooyos Railway, to connect
with the Great Northern at the boundary. It will be preeminently a railway and mining centre.
It is the natural outlet for the greatest gold mining region
on the continent, a country which also possesses immensely
rich deposits of silver, lead, coal, platinum, iron, etc. For
proof of this, see Dr. Dawson's reports and the annual reports
of the Minister of Mines.
In the next place, it is being built by the side of a magnificent waterfall, capable of generating a horse-power of between 50,000 and 100,000 at a very low cost, sufficient to
operate all the mining machinery, reduction works, tramways,
sawmills and other industries in it or in the country surrounding it. Being easy of access and having unexcelled transportation facilities in prospect, Okanagan Falls will naturally attract
all the industries referred to which the country will demand.
The country also abounds in Coal and Wood.
General Agents
605 Hastings Street, Vancouver, B.C.


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