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Okanagan Mining Review Aug 19, 1893

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■&•«..',-*(r^   , oc !., {/V   /*.&rOU*;,
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VoL I, No. 1.
SATURDAY, AUGUST  19,  1893.
$2.00 per Year.
Bank of British Columbia
Capital paid up
Incorporated by Royal Charter, 1S62.
 £600,000      $3,000,000
wren powku to imhkasic
Fund £200,000      $1,300,000
Head Office: 6o Lombard Street, LONDON, ENGLAND
In the Unitkd Hiatus
San Francisco, Portland,
Seattle and Tacoma.
Telegraphic Transfers ami Remittances to and from all points can be made through this
Bank at current rates. Collections enref ully attended to and every description of bunking busl-
MM transacted.
Im British Columbia
Victoria, Vancouver, New Westminster
Nanalmo, Kamloops, Nelson (Kooteii.vy Lake.)
Main Stbekt
Okmiapan   JPeaH—.    D.
Kino Fishing and Shooting.
Comfortable Rooms.
Oood Table.
\ The Geographical, Industrial,  Agricultural,
Mining,  Manufacturing aid Railroad
Centre of the Southern Interior
of British Columbia.
fcaltaiMiciIsji&fll&^jifcifl&^£^a^^attiliJteii£dig »** <>* *** +** at tit *■'*
W. T. Thompson
Dealer In.
_ General Merehandise t
Everything Required in a Mining Camp
Green, Worlock & Co.,
Successors to GAHESCHE, GREEN & CO.,
Government Street, Victoria, B.C.
[Established 1873.] *
Deposits received In Gold, Silver and U.S. currency.   Interest paid on the same on time
deposit*.  Gold dust and U.S. currency purchased at highest market rates.
Sight drafts and tolcrraphic transfers issued, payable at over 10,ft» cities in Canada, the
United States, Kuropc, Mexico and China. .
,- . E»;aa.n<c on London, nvailablo in ail parts of Europe, England, Ireland and Scotland. Letters
~   dlt issued ou tl \j principal -cities of the United States, Canada and Europe.
liWd of Navigation on  the Majestic Okan-
*agan Lakes and Surrounded by an Immense Wealth of Lumber,  Coal,
Mineral and Agricultural Land
Wholesale and Retail Dealer in, and Importer and Manufacturer of
The largest establishment of Its kind on the mainland of British Columbia.
The loaoW'CAKPKT HOUSE In the City.   A full line of Carpets, Square Rugs. Mats, otc.
Also Linoleum and Floor Cloths, oh well as House Furnishings of every description.
Undertaking in all its branches..     Stock complete.
(P.O. box 2.)
21 & 23 Cordova Street, VANCOUVER, B.C.
Old-timers and Pioneers, when visiting
the Okanagan, should stop at the
Victoria Hotel, Vernon.
3B.   «JT.   TROWSOW,   Proprietor.
Every possible convenience and comfort for Guests.
Good Stables and an attentive Hostler.
(Established 1862)
Write for Prlcos of anything required.
Largest Stock In British Columbia.
« *o «?ot    m   .    Victoria,
Freight and Passenger
Line ok  Stages,
carrying  H.M.
THE regular weekly coach running through to Qitksnelle and Barkrrvillk leaves Ashcroft
Station every Monday at 7 a.m.   A regular trl-wookly coach loaves Mondays, Wednesdays
and Fridays at J a.m. for Clinton and Lillooet, returning on Tuesdays, Thursdays and Saturdays.
Fare between Ashcroft and Clinton, $5.00.   Ret urn Limited Tickets, good for four days, 8K.00.
tar ALL    RATES    REDUCED.  TB»    '
Extra Stages or Special Rigs (bugglos or light stages) furnished at short notice.
Feed Stables and Corral at Ashcroft, with water on tho prcinisos, and best of attention givon.
Btatiloai  lasasJL  Oorral  o.-fc  Aalioroft
NICHOLLES & renouf
Farming. Implements. and. Hardware
VICTORIA,     3B. O.
Manufacturers of Hydraulic Pipe, Giants, and
All Kinds of
Str.  "Miramic
Towing and Freighting
on Dog Lake.
Apply to  .. . I   »,;
CAPT. HOLMAN, Okakabax.
in the City Dailies and the
Magazines for city orders,
but you will not get tho
country trade through these
fir It requires the Local
Weeklies to reach the pocket-
books of those people who
live, and live well, too, in
the agricultural and mining
districts of the Province,
is the liest medium for reach- *jc
ing the people of the South- tjS
em Interior of British Col- fcj§
umbia. £iffl
Analytical Chemist
And Assayer (
(Torms Cash in Advance) |
Silver, Gold or Lend, each $1 30
Silver, Gold and Load combined ittOO
Silver and Lead combined  2)50
Silver, Gold and Copper  4(00
Silver and Copper  A 60
Silver and Gold :  2100
^pne who travel^ much through the
Nfiwt  and   ••taeif"? the various con-
tfflhoijs which letvd to the founding and
irtnvUi of towns and cities, learns to
j&tTimiuate   between    the    townsite
SrHich is 1( icatcd arbitrarily and brought
llj&the attention of the world by high-
IWRnding advertisements of fictitious
iBirantages, and the town which is, as
jE*Were, located by nature, whicb advances almost spontaneously because
It occupies a natural  centre for the
trade of im extended region and pos-
^ses such advantages for manufac-
•ing, and for the shipment and dis-
mtion of produce, as are not to be
ml elsewhere in the vicinity.    The
"'jjoom " town may, for a time attract
most   attention   and  its   corner  lots
Wfcinge hands at higher prices, but in
We course of a few years it will be
Wbn that the town located by natural
selection has passed its rival in the
ce,   has   established   a  larger  and
wore  stable  business,   has created a
% { nwW settled and permanent value for
'to real estate,   and by reason of its
bvious advantages has centred upon
the trade of the surrounding cotvn-
,ry, in pursiumee of the great laws of
lominerce which no "booming," how-
ver loud and persistent, can avail to
shange.   Such a townsite is Okanagan
The district  immediately tributary
it Okanagan  Falls is exceedingly rich.
n   ■ fruit-growing,     mining,     stock-
iaising, and   the   various   industries
Snowing   out  of   these,   it  has  pos-
jSibilities equal, .if   not   superior,   to
jhose of any district in. the Province,
(nd certainly no other district  com-
Sines so many in so great a degree or
stent; while in addition to the economic wealth are the inestimable  sub-
lidiury advantages of a charming and
lealthful climate, a picturesque and
toral landscape, fucilities for sport
' the prospect  of  unrivalled  com-
unicatioii  by  laud  uimx   water.    A
lance at the 'map   will  demonstrate
,t there'we few locations naturally
>d-«k.<,,Livif->»-l   +'mi-   i.Lf    n-puvvth". of n.
rge city than that selected at the
food of Dog lake. Unusually favorable conditions diefctcted its choice,
some of the more important, of which
are referred to lielow; but so varied
and important are its resources that
any one .of them is sufficient to create
extensive industries and maintain a
large population.
Each of the groat mineralized areas
of Cariboo, Yaie and Kootenay have
been claimed by enthusiastic residents
to be the richest in the Province; at
the present stage of development it
is folly to make so pretentious a claim
when "new discoveries are being made
continually and we are only beginning to realize faintly of what the
country is capable. This district includes some ot the first discoveries in
gold in the Province, being those of
Similkameen, Rock Creek and Okanagan. The most notable finds were
at Hock Creek, Granite Creek, Tula-
meen, Cherry Creek and Mission
Creek, where coarse gold of an evidently local character existed. Something like one million dollars of placer
gold has been obtained in the region
referred to. It is, however, iu quartz
milling that the district is abundantly
rich. Gold predominates, but silver,
lead, copper, coal and platinum occur
in extensive deposits. Remarkable
discoveries have recently brought
Fairview and Boundary Creek more
especially into prominence. The properties at the former camp are heavily gold-bearing and the development
already taken place has demonstrated
its remarkable richness. Fairview enjoys the distinction of being the first
regular bullion-producing quartz camp
in British Columbia. At Boundary
Creek, Mr. D. I!. Corbin,-preSaentof
the Spokane & Northern R.U., and
other capitalists, have secured control
of over a dozen of the principal claims
and are shipping ore to Tacoma. Such
an extant of cfaims and variety of
ore, with facilities for transportation
supplied, must result in the establishment of smelting and reduction works.
Fruit-growing—now in its infancy-
may be mentioned as tho next most
important industry in the Okanagan.
It is only in the warm sheltered valleys of tho Interior that such fruits
as peaches, grapes, melons, tomatoes,
almonds, nectarines and apricots can
be successfully grown   and matured.
Bast and west for long distances are
several million acres of pasture land.
Okanagan and Similkameen districts
have always been largely drawn upon
for the beef supply of the coast cities,
and fortunes have been realized in the
business. With rich, nutritions bunch
grass, admittedly tho finest beef producer of all grazing fodder, and innumerable lakes and mountain streams
of the purest water, the facilities for
stock raising and dairying are unrivalled, and it is no great feat of prophecy to predict that in the near future
it will supply not only the live stock
for the butcher, but dressed meats for
export, cheese, butter and condensed
"milk in large quantities.
Assayer to the British Columbia Government
of all Specimens sent from tho
Province to
Speelal Rate on Wheat.
In connection with its steamer Aberdeen, the  C. P. R. Co. has  issued  a
special rate on wheat from Kelowna to
Rndcrby  of 2(1 cents  per  VKI lhs.. an
from Kelowna to Vancouver and Victoria a rate of 55 cents per 100 lbs., car
loads, minimum weight 30,000 lbs. The
rate from Vernon to Enderby will lie
8 cents, from Larkin 6 cents.
They out-
Five men are at work on the Brown
A considerable number of prospectors
are at work in this vicinity.
Twelve men have left for
Creek to do placer mining,
fitted here.
Messrs. A. Honsigner and M. Sharp-
nick are putting in a 75-foot tunnel on
their claim i miles below here.
The 10-stamp mill is running in the
day-time only at present and employing 8 men, but as soon as more men
can he put in the mine a night shift
will be put on.
Messrs. Keller and Satterly have
located a 4-foot ledge of gold quartz
just north of the boundary at Kruger's.
It is a true vein and will assay well.
They have sunk a 30-foot shaft. Mr.
Kruger litis also taken up a claim there.
Mr. Massie has taken a contract to
sink a 100-foot shaft in the Wide West.
Twenty-seven men in all are employed
about the mine and more will be put
on stoping as work on the shaft
progresses. The returns arc highly
satisfactory; in fact, much more so
than was expected.
Postal Matters.—Two letters addressed to Mr. Elliott, one with ten or
twelve signatures asking him to again
take charge of the post office, and
the other with about 70 signatures
asking that the present arrangement remain in force, were handed
him on Monday. He expressed him-
.-■>lf as having no desire to again take
charge as he considered the present
arrangement as being more convenient
for the whole towu and entirely satisfactory to him. Mr. Elliott, in May
last, handed everything over and the
post ofik-c business since then has been
attended to by Mr. II. Armstrong at
Mr. W. T. Thompson's store. Mr.
Elliott at that, time saying he did not
wish to act And it would bo more con-
vpiite.nt foK all to hive thfrJ,¥Jsta8}ce hi
a mora central location^ The mail for
his end of the town has since then been
forwarded to him each day in a locked
sack provided by the present incumbent, and also collected f ram him for
the outgoing mail in asiuiiliar way.
Iu this way all parties are accommodated and most of the citizens are
saved the long walk up the hill.
Brown's cottage is completed.
building an addition to
Mr. Ellis is
his residence.
Mr. Scadding has been appointed
agent hero for the Dominion Express
Mr. J. S. Clute, Inspector of Customs,
passed through a few days ago on his
way to Osoyoos.
Excursion tickets, Vancouver to Pen-
ticton and return, good for 30 days,
may be obtained for $30.
Mr. Geo. McL. Brown, the District
Passenger Agent of C. P. R., was here
a short time ago and will return alxjut
the end of the month.
Work on the company's hotel is well
advanced. When finished it will be
the most comfortable building in the
IiOwer Country, and a great convenience to the traveling public.
Mr. It. E. Leonard, Secretary of the
Townsite company, was in town for a
few days inspecting the hotel under
construction and making arrangements
for other Improvements. Ho took a
trip to Fairview and returned to the
coast by Tuesday's boat.
Joe Thurber, of Hotel Penticton, is
so thoughtful for tho comfort of the
boys that in order to save ice for keeping the water cool, and for use in those
delicious decoctions which no one but
he can prepare, he robs his lied of
the blankets to wrap the congealed
water in.
A representative of the Review will
shortly make a trip through the district to the various mining camps for
the purpose of writing them up.
The C. P. R. party locating the line
through the Crow's Nest Pass is now
tit Michelle Creek. It is said by them
that Mr. Van Home is eqpected
through during the fall.
It is said that Mark Twain intends to
write a new book entitled "Another
Innocent Abroad." It will deal with
the varying fortunes of an Englishman
fresh from 'ome working his way
through the Okanagan country.
Suliscribe for The Review.
Mr. F. C. Ellison, of Fairview, was in
town on Monday.
Mr. Manning's building on Main St.
is nearly completed.
Bob Graham and his staff made a
good job of the Review building.
Genial Joe Walker, the engineer of
the Miraniichi, has left for his home at
La Grande, Oregon.
The steamer Miraniichi is kept busy
these days bringing freight from tt*e
landing at the head of the lake.
Mr. Critchlow was here for a Week
helping Mr. Brown to place some ad- ,
ditional machinery in the saw mill.
Mr. James A. H. Peile, a gentleman
from Scotland, has been spending a
few days here fishing and shooting.- •.
Mr. Locwen was here on Wednesday
and Thursday inspecting the improvements being made by the Townsite Co.
An English hunting party is expected here shortly to try some of our
many splendid hunting grounds in this
Mr. A. Holman returned from the
coast on Monday. He reports numerous inquiries regarding this city and
Messrs. Riley & Hyatt have completed their contract on the Fairview
road and have made a good job of both
road and bridges.
Mr Snodgrass' saw mill is busy on
an order for 300,000 feet of lumber for
the buildings under construction by the
Townsite company.
Messrs. Graham ft Matheson, the carpenters, have several buildings under
contract They do good work, and if
a job is entrusted to them you may bo
sure it will lie well done.
Mr. Geo. Turner returned to Vancouver on Friday, after a two weeks'
visit here. He was troubled with
rheumatism and only regrets he!
not remain longer as our f ne cl|
has benefitted him very much.
Mr. Manning arrived back fi
coast a few days ago and broug
part of his stock of dry.gapdiJi
'mm shoes vw#«- tTftnT^Tlftr i
his stock will lie here in a *e
He was glad to get back, and ha
no place he liked better than the"]
while away.
A largely signed petition has Iweri
forwarded to the Postmaster General,
through Inspector Fletcher, for a
post office to be established here. The
Miraniichi is now running regularly to
the landing and carries the mail as an
accommodation, hut it is too much to
expect Captain Holman to get it here,-
as regularly as he would do if he had a
A screw steamer of light draught has
been built in Vancouver and is now
having her machinery put in. She
will have big power and will be put on
the run between here and Penticton.
Mr. Snodgrass has gone down to bring
her up, and is expects to have her here
in about ten days.
Mr. W. T. Thompson, of Fairview,
spent a couple of days fishing here last
week. He reports the mines there as
turning out very satisfactory and the
ore increasing in richness as they are
developed. He predicts that the depression in silver will cause more attention to be paid to gold mining and
feels assured that the Fairview camp
will attract much attention as its riches
become known.
Express Parcels. .
The establishment of an agency of
the Dominion Express Company at
Penticton w dl be of great convenience
to this district. Mr. H. C. Newman, of
the Penticton and Oro Stage Line will—
receive and deliver packages for all
points south.
Road Work Resumed.
Mr. Schubert returned from Vernon
on Monday with instructions to proceed with work on the Fairview road.
The necessary dynamite for the rock
work required to be done has been
brought down and men were put to
work on Wednesday. This is good
news as the delay has retarded other
work which will now be gone on with.
Wo want tho people of the " Lower Country-'
to remember that the Mining Hkvikw is their
representative local paper, and that we shall
be glad to receive items of news for publication
—local, district and personal, and especially reports of mining development, strikes, output
and oro values; such Information will be oagor-
ly road by soorcs of " outsiders " (intending residents or investors) who know little or nothing
of our vast and varied undeveloped resourcos.
Our subscribers and readers gonerally will
always And " our lateh-strlng out." and plenty
of reading mattor, paper, pons, ink, and a typewriter at their disposal. Come in. come often,
and wo will try to make you fool "at home," as
wo know wo would be made to foci in your own
oamporsliaek, NORTHERN _STE A MBOATS-
Three Little Vessels That Ply in the Mackenzie Basin-
single town.    Ouvmap shows, however, how   and tho round   trip
numerous are the trading posts uf the Hud- [seventy-fivedays,
son Bay Company.   They are scattered by
i the score along these great waterways and
would require at
I sometimes are planted far from the  rivers.
  They are places of rendezvous and revictual.
I'srrylnK Freight by Inland Routes rrom ! hug 'or traders and were chosen for their ad-
Clvlll/.niioii to flu- .4 relic Seas Lumber vantages as the meeting places of hunters
Hawnb) HandleHiillilTliein-TlieRap- And tra-ellers. If in the development of
I.I.TIintSc|,«rRleriielr<oiirses-Furlb !thi3reSion villages a'e ever planted they
er Prospects for An-llc stiver Hoals.        I wlU be reare<' uPon the 81te'9 °' the8e P09ts
I just as Quebec, Montreal, Toronto, Niagara
three steamers ply on great Canadian and Winnipeg were built around the forts
rivers far outside the pale of the populous 0f the early Canadian traders,
part of the oontiuent. These waters all flow | Some of these po3t8 nave acquired cele-
to the Arctic Ocean. The steamers belong brity from the fact that famous explorers,
to the Hudson Bay Company, and are a like Mackenzie, Franklin, Back, and Rich-
great convenience to all who visit the north- ardson, visited and described them. Fort
ern part of the Dominion. j McMurray dominates the confluence of the
We have heard how steamers on the Con-   Athabasca and Clear Water rivers       '
go and the Central African lakes were car
ried on backs of men for hundreds of miles
^^^^^^^^^^^^^^ and is a
meeting place for hunters and
At Fort Chippewyan nearly one
,    ... ,       traders.      nv   ruiu   wuhijicwybu  u«m;   vm'w
before they were put together and launch- hundred people live, making it quite a city
ed. it required almost as much effort to jn t|ie thinly peopled region. It was an
Bet the Hudson Bay Company's steamers, mportant station even when Mackenzie ex-
sfloat in the Canadian Northwest. Nearly piored the river that bears his name, and
two years were spent in 1882-83 building the £e called it the "Little Athens" of the
little steamer Grahame at Fort Chippewyan north. Fort Smith, ou the Great Slave
on Lake Athabasca. Every foot of lumber River, is one of the busiest of the posts,
was sawn by hand from pine trees near the Further north, Forts Resolution and Prov-
lake.    Her machinery was carried hundreds , idence,  on the Great Slave   Lake,  were
of    miles
over an almost roadless
and when she was launched the little flat-bottomed stem-
wheeler of 14U tons was not much to look
at. Her companion boat, the Athabasca,
built at Athabasca Landing, on the river
of that name, is a stern-wheeler of the
same capacity ; but she was built at much
less cost, for a portable sawmill on the
river bank ripped out the lumber in short
order.    The third steamboat, one of the few
"-"%. V--V./V
made famous by the Franklin expedition.
Fort Reliance, once an important post, was
long ago abandoned. Now nothing remains of it but a heap of ruins. Fort Rot-,
on a northern arm of Great Slave Lake,
was abandoned, but was restored at the
cost of the British and Canadian Govern*
ments, and was occupied in 1882-83 as one
of the circum-polar stations.
The principal post between  Great Slave
and Great Bear lakes is Fort Simpson, at
Fort Simpson-.—At the junction of   the Mackenzie and Liard rivers.
river steamers that ply within the Arctic
Ciro'.e, was built in 1886 at Fort Smith on the
Great Slave River. The Wrigley, as she is
called, is a little thing, but she cost a round
sum, for every piece of lumber in her was
sawn by hand, and all her machinery was
carried 100 miles by horses over terrible
roads, then taken in scows 250 miles, and
then transferred to the Graliame and carried 300 miles further before it could be
put into the hull ot the Wrigley. The company depends upon the Wrigley to supply
all trading stations along the Mackenzie,
between Fort Smith and the Arctic Ocean.
Unlike the other boats, she is a propeller.
She carries only thirty tons of freight and
her engine drives her about eight miles an J
^\,._ ;bonr. Fort Smith is her most southern
the time she •teams
Peel Rivet
_____ ■*"»■*■ "t-m
ad-trip journey of 2,600
Ttie-reason why these steamers were built
''So far from one another is that they were
'required to ply on portions of the Mac-
I kenzie system that are separated by stretches
of falls or rapids impassable by steamboats.
Each steamboat is confined to its own stretch
of water and freight is carried from one vessel
to another by scoWs or land portage. All
goods which the Hudson Bay Company or
missionaries carry into the Mackenzie basin
ari taken over tli3 Canadian Pacific to Calgary, then on the branch line to Edmonton
on the North Saskatchewan, where they are
transferred to wagons for the portage 100
miles northeast to Athabasca Landing,
where they are loaded on the Athabasca
which plies 265 miles to the head of. the
Grand Rapids. At the foot of these rapids
is Fort McMurray, and here the Graliame
waits for the cargo the Athabasca brings.
The Grahame plies from Fort McMurray
to Fort Chippewyan, about 290 miles, and
also by the Peace River to the Vermilion
?20 miles from Fort Chippewyan. The
total course of the Graliame accordingly is
about 420 miles. These three vessels,
therefore, afford steam navigation along
2,000 miles of river routes, meeting with
only two series of rapids impassable by
The first, of these is the Grand Rapids of
khe Athabasca River, eighty-tire miles long.
[The Huison Bay Company carries its
freight through these rapids in large boats,
sach manned by ten or twelve men and with
* carrying capacity of about ten tons. They
run through ten rapids before they reach
Fort McMurray and some of the rapids are
named from incidents that have occurred in
them. One of them is Boiler Rapid, taking
its name from the fact that the boiler intended for the Wrigley was lost there in
1S82 by the wrecking of the scow that carried it. This accident delayed for a long
time tho building of the vessel. Another
is known as Drowned Rapid, because a
Mr. Thompson was drowned there, and a
little latter Mr. Ogilvie, the famous Canadian explorer, lost one of his men in the
■ame treacherous current. There is plenty
- of water to float a steamer, but vessels with
the present steaming power cannot ascend
the rapids. In the opinion of many, however, the Grahame could be so equipped
that it would be possible for her to make
the journey both ways.
The second and last obstacle is at Smith's
Landing in Great Slave River, where fourteen miles of land portage are required. It
is here that the Cariboo Mountains cross
the river channel, and the result is a series
of formidable rapids and some falls which
aggregate a drop of 210 feet in fourteen
miles, putting all thought of navigation
out of the question. At the foot of these
rapids is Fort Smith, and from this point
navigation is practically unimpeded to the
Arctic Ocean. The total length of rapids
between Athabasca Landing and the Mackenzie delta is ninety-nine miles. Adding
to this the hundred miles land portage from
Edmonton to Athabasca Landing, and w
see that goods may be carried from ane
part of civilized America to the Arctic Ocea
by steam along inland routes except frn
about 200 miles.
The crossing of Great Slave Lake tests
the qualities of the little Wrigley ; for this
inland sea is larger than some of our five
great lakes, mid at times the waves are very
In all tilt- long stretch of country served
by these littlu   steamboats, there  is  not a
the confluence of the Mackenzie and the
Liard rivers. Our illustration shows its
large buildings and the vast bodies of water which meet here ; for the Mackenzie is
the third largest river in North America,
and its Liard affluent is as large as many a
famous European river. The most northern
post is Fort Macpherson on the Peel River,
and it is the only fort worthy of the name.
For many years it has been kept in a state
of adequate defence, owing tojthe attack
made upon it long ago by Eskimos of the
Mackenzie delta.
It usually takes the Wrigley eight or
nine days to make the journey from Fort
Smith to Fort Macpherson, On the return
journey her average rate is five and nine
tenths miles an hour, only a little more
than self her speed descending the river.
Thjrejj-a possibilities of steam navii
i- ■■«SM|sV^SW»fc««wU I»—1m   fch»b
been tested.   Mr,
At present the only source of revenue
all this vast region is fur.    The business
all whites, except the missionaries,   is fj
trading, and they, too, engage in it to
extent.    A   few years ago   the    Cam
Parliament appoiuted a committee to
quire into the resources of the   Macken
basin.    This   committee spent months
amining a large number of  witnesses  '
had lived long in the region and were
petent to testify a» to its capabilities,
report was   published   in   a  large  volu
which contains  much  interesting inform!
tton. On the whole, however, the commitl
took a too roseat view, though there is
doubt agriculture and stock raising may
followed to some extent in the Peace a
Liard river districts,   It will be long, liO|
ever, before this region is turned   to
account; and not until   the  great pra
of southern Canada have become the h"
of many thousands of people will there
any temptation for colonists   to move   f
^t*e  Importance ef   the   Navy   Over the
Army—A Writer Points Out That llrit
^dn Tnn Only lie .Hacked by Lnnd nt
There is no more interesting and attractive subject  just now thau   the  navy   ot
Great   Britain.    It costs   the taxpayer of
the   United   Kingdom   §75,000,000   per
ajraum.    It   guards the  vast   world wide
commerce of the British Empire, amounting all told to $6,000,000,000 in value every
Its vessels have cost over $300,000,-
It protects  half the merchant  ton-
pf the world.     It enables the British
Isles   to   be   fed   in safety   from  abroad,
where a hundred  years  ago their  people
lived upon home grown food products.    It
commands the seas—or is supposed to do so
and thus saves the people from having to
support  stupendous  standing  armies.    It
holds the Empire  together  and wherever
British interests are menaced, whether by
- '\\ Russian or  American ships in the Behring
thcr north : and the three steamers bM Sea or by French men-of-war at Bangkok,
plying in the Mackenize basin are likely i ita cruisers appear and command instant
be adequate to the needs of the country M respect.
a long time   to come. J \*     Hence the deep interest  attaching to an
' unusually well written and thoughtful at-ti-
II Is a «rent Farming Country—There are
Indians 8:111 Llvinson the Island.
From lake St. flair to Lake Brle-sVIll «
Pay When   Itiiilt,
r,       , ,   . ,     , ..       .  ,  i     If the  statements which  are going the
Canada s island province, though genera'    rounds 0f the press are  reliable,  ,he?uur
ly very little   known, is  one  of the   most , ^^ {rQm L £   St. Ciair u _ak« Erie wi;
peculiar and interesting parts of the domm- , , ... r.i_      •,   i_j
■ .u     xt      v    i   li j .u ' soon be under construction.    lets said   of
ion, says the   New York Sun ; and as with | ter8 o{ the aoheme that the money £
Canada it is likely at any time to become a \V has be en subscribed and the new
State of our Union, a few facts about it may \ 1      leKislalion promiaed  by the  Dominies
i ho.
re '■<'
•7 A
be of interest to Americans.
Prince Edward Island lies in the Gulf of
St. Lawrence, separated from Nova Scotia
and New Brunswick by Northumberland
Strait. It is the smallest of the Canadian
provinces, with an areaof2,173squaremiles,
and is in shape an irregular crescent, 105
miles in length.
The shore is indented by numerous harbors, those  on opposite  coasts  twice ap
Primitive   Methods Mill   In   Ise   Amoni
Some Indian Tribe*.
Centuries ago—more.the white men h>
ole it the current Nineteenth Century by
Hon. T. A. Brassey, ex-M.I'. The writer
comes to tho definite conclusion that England's naval supremacy is only
-w——.w.—_.„.„,„.„,„„.„,,..v*. w , and that is France.    Hut he  believes that
fenetrated into the lands ot ike Klamath' we still retain command of the seas and
ueblo and other Indian tribes ot the w«jr seems to think, on the whole, that a war
—wood friction was the method employe, with the French Republic would not seri-
by the north American Indians. The san» ou9ly endanger British power or commerce,
manner of kindling fires can be obseryflj The long struggle with Napoleon is inatanc-
among many of them to-day. No bthSJ ed in this connection. While British corn-
method is employed by the Eskimos ant merce has enormously increased since then,
other northern uncivilized people, and late yet the use of steam, the necessity for
than 1888 wood friction was used to kisstt coaling stations and depots of supply, has
the fire at the white dog feast by the NVI entirely changed the situation and made the
York Iroquois Indians and the OnondaM balance even more favorable to us. From
Iroquois of Canada. The operation of ignlt 1793, and on for twenty-one years, the
ing tinder by wood friction is varied, hlg' whole maritime energies of France were
in every instance it is peculiarly lu^eaieJQ -devoted to the Bubjugation of England
The most primitive form of apparatus 000- through   the   destruction    of   her   com-
sists of two pieces of wood, one of tomevd
loose-grained timber,   which is the piece
be operated upon, and the other, or spind
of hard wood, which must be very dry, Tl
first piece is laid   flat on   ths ground di
to the tinder which is to be ignited, and
small hole is cut in the floor to receive tl
wood powder as it is ground from the loo*
grained wood.    The hard   wood spindle/
then taken between the palms of the hand
and having first pressed the point, stgaiuMj
the other piece of wood it is twirled rapid
ly, causing a
made an extensive journey on the Liard
and Peace rivers thinks that both may be
largely utilized as steamer routes. A
short distance up the Liard is a rapid, but
sufficient water flows over the ledge to permit the passage of flat-bottomed steamers
for most of the summer. If this proves
true, the Liard can be navigated by
steamboats for 200 miles and at the furthest
point the best branch joins it, and Oglivie
says the east branch affords 100 miles more
of navigable waters. Long stretches of
many rivers are adapted for navigation by
flat boats, and it is bslieved that there are
6,000 miles of waterways in the Mackenzie
basin, which in one way or another may
be utilized as highways.
The Wrigley has not yet gone further
down the Mackenzie than the head of the
delta, though it is said to be practicable to
reach the sea and very likely the experiment will be tried this season. Whether
vessels can pass from the delta into the
ocean is still an unsettled question, but it
is probable that bars impede the delta channels at the mouths.
It is evident from this short sketch of
navigation in ths Mackenzie basin that
travellers may easily and quickly reach the
Arctic Ocean by an Inland route. Tho only
difficulty would be to catch the stcomer
Athabasca when she leaven the Landing for
the Grand Rapids. None of the steamers
has a regular date for start in.', their movements being governed 1>< the needs of the
Hudson Bay Company. The Athabasca,
however, usually leaves the Landing about
the first days of Juno, and makes close connections with the stcsinera further down
the rivers. From Grand Rapids it would
take three or four days to reach Fort McMurray ; then only one day would be needed
to reach Fort Chippewyan, anothor day
would take the traveller to Smith's Landing, and another would suffice for the   por-
roe, with the result that 11,000
Tenant vessels were captured dur-
g the whole period, while the num-
ir of British vessels engaged in foreign
rade increased steadily from 16,875 in 1795
jo 2Z,~. j3 in 1810, and those entering and
clearing from the ports of Great Britain
averaged 51,000 a year. And prize ships
and merchandise captured by our cruisers
compensated in value for all that were seized by the enemy ; to such an extent indeed
that the French Directory in 1709 was constrained to admit that " not a single merchant ship is on the sea carrying the French
flag." Mr. Brassey then concludes that
British commerce would once more be reasonably safe if only the navy is maintained
at its proper strength and is efficiently
offioered and manned. That strength is to
his gauged by the impossibility of a serious
expedition leaving an enemy's port without
a British fleet being immediately sent in
r. Brassey   is a firm   believer   in the
and grinding out a little neap of wood pa'
dor which falls  into.'the hole referred t
This generates  a great deal of heat, an
finally the little heap, of wood  dust begin
to smoulder, and in  a little time enough
heat is evolved to produce ignition by »r^~ '
taneous combustion.   Flame is never-"
duced by this operation.    The wood or ooal
must be brought into contact with the tin*
der and cautiously fanned into a blaze.! .       ■    -   . t   .u .   .1..
Another form   is called   the   "pump er[«W"orD ,mP?r'an,ce   °f   the   navy  o the
weighted drill," and Mi. Hough, in the r»-i*W- ■ P™vu,ed the for,"erK ,s 9U*01ently
port of the National museum, says that twT>*renB the EmP're c*n m^ be
apparatus is used  " in only two  looahtierV aitacked by land
in the world" for making fires—viz, among .fat two points—Canada and India.   Should
the Chukchis, of Siberia, and the Iioquois  jhe former   country   be   attacked by  the
Indians of New   York  and Canada.    The iUnite 1 States, its defence would depend on
apparatus is very ingeniously constructed. Jj|ie power of transporting rapidly andssfoly
It consists of a piece of soft or loose-graiste^J-JJritish troops by ses. Should the latter be
wood, as in the first case, and the " passja^finvs-leil by   Russia British  reinforcements
or spindle.    The spindle is made «'sl   BE be landed more chespty and expedi-
aeasoned elm or other hard wood. ■■ lag      jBjsly from a sea   voyage—and  he might
usually about two feet long and has tlfl   ■} added via the Canadian Imperial high
^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^\~. ,.!,«.*.   D vs-?-.!.^"-*., *>p*f
ted   from their distant
m "vimtion 1 of, a flv wheel abo
»»ve nor yet] bottom.   » crossp!
Oglivie,   who   recently  jn the centre large enough for the
to pats through easily is then adjusted as
the " pnmp" handle. Attached to each
end of this handle are cords, which are
fastened to the top of the spindle and twisted around it in such a manner .that moving
the handle up and down will
in alternate directions, thus creating a
maximum amount of friction at the point
of contact a-ith the loose-grained wood.
This was the kind of apparatus used by the
Iroquois Indians at the white dog feast of
1888! The natives of the East Indies and
of Australia used another method for obtaining ignition by means of wood friction,
"Their method is by "sawing." A V-
sliaped notch la first cut lengthwise in a
piece of bamboo—almost penetrating it.
Then another piece of bamboo or other hard
wood is shaped like the blade of a knife,
and this is drawn backward and forward,
after the manner of sawing, until the lo er
piece is pierced and the heated wood powder falls through. Dr. R. M. Luther tells
the following incident of lighting a fire by
this process : " A'Burmese found a branch
of the oil tree, hewed in it a V-shaped
cavity, cut a knife of ironwood, sawed with
it across the branch, and in less than three
minutes had a coal of fire underneath.
This was taken in some dry leaves, wrapped
in a bunch of grass and whirled around the
head, giving a flame in a " jiffy." This
method, however, does not seem to have
been ever used by the North American
Indians.—[Buffalo Times.
The dots show Hudson Bay posts.
tage around the rapids to Fort Smith. In
nine or ten days more the traveller would
be at Fort MacPherson, and if ho desired
to reach the Arctic coast the Hudson Bay
Company would place at his disposal canoes
and canoe men, which now form the primitive style of travelling in the delta. A journey of 4,000 miles from Ottawa would take
the traveller to the Arctic coast. Near the
coast he would find himself in the land of
the midnight sun, and throughout the journey he would likely experience as pleasant
weather as he would find anywhere in Canada.    The journey would cost about $300,
Lightning; Cookery-
Prince Bismarck's old chef, who is now
head cook in a big Berlin restaurant, recently won a novel bet, and gave a surprising
exhibition of his mastery of the culinary
art. He had wagered $50 that he could
kill, clean, cook and serve a chicken, all in
six minuter. The wager was decided at
night in the cafe of the restaurant, in the
presence of a big crowd. The cook appear,
ed at nine o'clock on an improvised platform, upon which stood a gas cooking
stove. He held a live chicken high over
his head, and the fowl cackled loudly. One
blow of the keen carver severed the head
from the neck, and the cook began to pick
the feathers with great swiftness.    It took
i'ust one minute to get rid of every feather,
n less than another minute the expert had
opened and cleaned the fowl, and had
placed it upon a broiler on the gas stove.
The cook busied himself at the broiler,
seasoning the fowl as it cooked. It lacked
just a second of the sixth minute when he
stopped trom the platform and served
the chicken to the nearest guest amid great
applause.—[London  Figaro.
Peai on Bod Ground-
Will some one who has had expert
Kntres.   For a
ign power to conquer partially or hold
briefly either Australasia or South Africa
Would require an army of at least 50,000
men. Under proper conditions their ability to transport them safely would be nil
and should somewhat resemble Napoleon
with his 130,000 men waiting on the Boulogne heights for rearly two yeais a chance
to embark and cross the Channel.
The writer regrets the expenditures upon
Melbourn defences, upon London, and upon
the forts intended to protect Chatham,
Portsmouth, etc. He thinks coaling places
such as Aden, Ceylon, Singapore, Hong
Kong, Cape Town, Simon's Bay, St Helena,
Mauritius, Bermuda, and those in the West
Indies, do well to be protected against
chance attack against one or
but that further expenditure iB a waste.
Their best defence, as that of England's
shores, lies in the navy itself. Not necessarily upon the presence of British ships iu
the vicinity, but upon the navy's ability to
'keep a distant enemy confined to a narrow
circle of conflict. Halifax, Mr. Brassey
considers the one British coaling station
connected with Canada, Australia, South
Africa or India, whioh comes between the
radius of action of fleets in European
waters. Gibraltar and Malta require to bo
specially defended and held at any cost.
So with the Cape of Good Hope. In the
event of war with France Mr. Brassey oon.
■jiders the necessity ami policy of Great
Britain to lie not in effective armies ami
powerful fortifications, but in possessing :
1. Battleahips enough to command the
sea by overpowering any large fleets which
might be. combined for offensive action.
. 2. The maintenance of a sufficient force
of cruisers to act as a sort of commercial
patrol of the seas and to deal with any
•mall expeditions against the Colonies
which might escape our principal fleets.
, 3. The immediate oanture of the enemies,
coaling stations and colonies. The possessions of prance in China, Tonquiu and
Africa with the possible exception of Algeria, Mr. Brassey thinks, would fall an
But, in any case, the author of this most
interesting article considers the navy is all-
important to Britain, and instead of costing
£15,000,000 a year as compared with the
army expenditure o-f £20,000,000, the situation should be K . jrsed.
sowing peas and barley tell me it they have
ever tried plowing in the peas on sod
ground ? I nave some ground that is quite
smooth and had thoughts of plowing one
furrow around the piece and then sowing
peas in the furrow and covering by the
next but am afraid that the peas will not
come up. Last year I harrowed the pets
in but when the first shower came, about
half of the peas were on top of the ground.
Each adult inhales a gallon of air a minute and consumes thirty ounces of oxygens
The Boston Maiden-
I The horror of Boston maidens of slang is
hot a new theme, though it constantly finds
Hew illustrations. Last week a Boston
woman, with her nine-year-old daughter,
Visited a former schoolmate in this city.
The hostess is possessed of a nine-year-old-
boy, and the two at once became fast
friends. When Saturday night came the
tioy was hustled off to the bath-room to be
scoured up for Sunday. The little girl missed him and instituted instant search. She
described her experience to her mother as
follows :--
' "I went into the bathroom. At first I
eould not see him, but when I called he
alowly raised his head to the level of the
top of the tub, looked at me, and said
\ Sneak.'"
\ "What did you do?"
i  "I didn't know exaotly what he  meant,
tut I 'snuck.'" 	
a What is becoming in behavior is honor-
sple, and what is honorable is 1"-—rung.
Government, and that the work will be
completed inside of two years. A little
analysis of the scheme is the.efore not uninteresting. The distance by ths river
route from the St. Clair Flats Canal to the
junction with the proposed cut-off iu Lake
Erie is 105 miles, and by th e proposedcanals 50
miles, makiug a saving in distance of 55
miles. The question whether or not the
enterprise will pay depends on whether the
proaching so close to one another that only I ^.""""i"""" ••■-■ r-j ---i-       .   ~ ,      .      ,     ,
•     r.i_ l. .,     .. ,'    time saved by a vessel s going by the short-
narrow isthmuses connect the three peninsulas that form the island. Many of the
buys terminate in tidal rivers that run far
into the interior. The coasts are bold in
most places high cliffs of red sandstone
rising up from the sea between twenty and
one hundred feet. Part of the eastern shore,
however, is low, and bordered by long,
curving lines of sand dunes, in places broken through   by winding   channels leading
er route will be worth the interest on the
investment required to construct the canal.
The canal will be about 14 miles long,
and will have to be cut through land varying from 5 ft. to 40 ft, above lake level.
No statement has as yet been published
giving the depth and width of the proposed
canst; but to accommodate the steamships
that will be placed in the lake service when
back to shallow, sandy bays.   The island is   ,.    ,mt)rovements  now being made to the
 11..  (1...       „«.i   ,..,.,.li,.,-i.     tnn miirrli    fnr     .    . "  l-.-.J     ...111  H.^i,in
generally flat, and nowhere too rough for
cultivation. The vegetation is very green
and luxuriant, thick turt growing in every
vacant place.
Nearly all the trees native in the Northern States and Canada are to be found in
its dark moss-carpetid forests. There are
large reed-bordered marshes and ponds of
fresh water separated from the sea by only
a barrier of drifting sand, strewn with the
wrecks of many vessels dashed up and lost
in the storms of spring and autumn. There
are large mossy pest bogs, whose products
give off sweet smells in burning, and it is
said that hidden away far under the island
lie seams of coal, too deep, however, for
profitable working.
The soil is usually a layer of decayed vegetable matter over a strata of bright red
loam. It is very fertile and yielda abundantly to the rather primitive farming methods of the natives. Oats, wheat, and barley
are grown in large quantities, and almost
everything does well except Indian corn,
which needs warmer weather than is furnished by this northern "climate. The summers are not cold, but rather cool. The
weather is usually clear and sunny, and
peculiarly free from the fogs which are a
prominent feature in tru climates of Nova
Scotia and New Brim*wick. The island
winter is milder than further south on the
mainland, though to us, who consider zero
cold, the long months of icy weather and
short days would in no way suggest mildness. Northumberland Strait freezes over
solidly, and it was the custom, if it is not
now, to ferry passengers and mails from
the mainlands lo the island on iceboats.
Prince Edward Island is more densely
populated than any other part of the Canadian Dominion, it has about 110,000 inhabitants, or 54 to a square mile. Of
these the greater part are of Scotch and
English   descent,    but   about  10,000  are
lake waterways arc completed, will require
at least a cross-section of 21 ft. depth and
200 ft. width at water surface. Such a
cross-section would require about 20,000,000
cubic yards of excavation for the canal, and
about 3,000,000 cubic yards for channels in
Lake St. Clair and Lake Erie. Assuming
that no rock excavation will be required,
which as yet has not been determined, the
cost of cutting the canal—estimated at 15
cents a cubio yard—would be $3,450,000
which wlth^-ost of entrance piers in Lakes
Erie and St. Clair, land damages, commissions, engineering and office expenses will
make a total of not less than §4,000,000.
Probably no capitalist will care to take
chances in such an enterprise on estimated
profits of less tl.an eight per cent, of the
investment, or an annual net income in this
case of $320,000.
The total tonnage passing Dttroit River
may be estimated at 30,000,000 tons a year,
one-third of wh'eh will go by the river route,
even if the canal route be made free from
toll. Tolls of at least 1 i cents a ton will
therefore be required in order that the
revenue shall bo sufficient to pay interest on
the investment.
By the time this c?.Dal could be completed,the freight ca jers of the lakea will have
a capacity of 2,000 to 5,000 tons each, or an
average capacity of about 3,000 tons, and at
present freight rates will be capable of making about $48,000 gross earnings in a full
season of 200 days.
As the speed of the steamer in the canal
would be about one-third of that in the
open river,the time saved by going through
the canal would be only about one and one-
half hours per passage, the value of which,
as determined from gross earnings for the
entire season, would be, say, $15, or one-
half cent a ton for freight carried.
It is therefore evident that, as the high-
rate of toll that  vessel  owners coulc
French Acadian;.come oyer long ago from afford to ,g onl 0De.third of that need.
«ovu Scotia. They live apart, speak ed to pa/lnterest on the cost of the enter
trench, marry among themselves, and mix priBe>^e promoter8 0f the scheme must
httle with races. On the northern coast still £aVe'some other source of revenue in view,
lives a remain; of the once powerful tribe If CaDada could be annexed t0 the United
of Micr -ac Indians, dwindled now in num- states,the strip of land between the Detroit
here to about 300. They are conservative River and the 0Fanal wou,d no doubt.become
and keep up old customs gliding softly up I valuable> but. until then Jher*. is.-no
the streams m birch-bark canoes or prow- moJ, Maion wh_ , city- ,hould ^ baiU „
ling through the forests, wearing moccasins '■- -     -   ••    «. •■    N
at did their ancestors of long ago.
Most of &a people are farmers, and live I w,v q.
muoh ~WS*oftance. Charlott'etown, the
capital. The Government of the island has
been guilty ot a very common fault. It has
spent more than its income, and is in consequence in rather an embarrassed financial
condition. All this notwithstanding a
large yearly subsidy from the Canadian
Though there is no large four-footed game
left, wild birds are still about in plenty and
the forest streams hide thousands of speckled trout, while a few salmon still remain in
aome of the large rivers. The fresh water
lagoons by the coast are the summer resorts
of enormous eels and countless herring and
smelt. There are the sea fish which swarm
all summer along the coast, mackersl the
moat plentiful, then come halibut and cod.
Of the half dozen ways of reaching the
island, all are part rail and part water. One
along this canal' than'along  the WeUaad
Canal, which it timilarly ertMted.^Be*-. "■.
Shade in Pasturei.
A tew farmers claim that shade Hi pas*
tures for dairy cows is a disadvantage.
These men assert that if shade is provided
the cows will spend a great deal of time in
idle enjoyment which they ought to r.se in
securing food. Fortunately, the great majority of men who pasture cows take a more
humane view of the matter. They believo
that shade should be provided, and that
during the extreme heat of summer, the
cows should be allowed to make themselves
as comfortable as possible. They are sure
that the productiveness of the cows will be
increased by keeping them from suffering,
and regard it is only an act of kindness,
but also as a dictate of self-interest, to
furnish   their  cows   protection   from the
,   , .   .-        ., -       ,       ,    ,    .scorching rays of the summer sun.     „
of the most  interesting passes lengthwise  aiso hold that, if the pastures are so poor
through Nova Scotia, affording a good look I a8 to re(niire the cows to spend every mo
at that interesting old peninsula.
Like everyone else, the Prince Edward
Islanders have half-chimerical schemes for
improvement. Their particular one is to
build a great railroad tunnel under the
Struts of Northumberland to connect Nova
Scotia roads with those on the island. The
island has much railroad for so small a territory, and is also traversed iu all directions
by tolerable country roadt.
English Power in the Egyptian Army-
Tim Egyptian is not a natural fighter, a
is tho Soudanese, who fights for love of it,
but he has .shown lately that when properly officered and trained and well treatod, he
can defend a position or attack boldly if led
boldly. I suggested to the Khedive that he
should borrow some of nur oliliura. those
who have succeeded so well with the negroes
of the Ninth Cavalry and with tho Indians,
for it aeemed to mo that this would be of
benefit to both the ollionrsand the Egyptian
soldier. It was this suggestion that oalled
forth the Khedivo'a admiration for tho
American ntlicers of his army ; but, as a
ma'-ier of fact, the English would never allow officers of any other nationality than
their own to control eveu a company of tho
Fgyptian army, They cannot turn out
those foreigners who are already in, but
they can dictate as to who shall come hereafter, and they fill all the good billets with
their own people ; and If there is one thing
an Englishman apparently holds above all
else, it is a " good billet." I know a good
many English officers who would rather ho
stationed where there waa aohance of their
taking part in what they call a " show,"
and what we would grandly call a " battle,"
than dwell at ease on the staff of General
Wolselcv himself ; but, on the other hand,
if I were to give a list of all the subalterns who have applied to m« for "good
billets in America, whore they aoem to
think fortunes grow or. hedges, half tho
regimental oolora from London to Malta
would fade with shame. And Egypt ixfullof
" good billets." It ia true the English have
made them good, and they were not worth
much beforo the English reeiored order,
but because you have humanely stopped a
runaway coach from going over a precipice,
that is no reason why you should tako possession of it and fill it both inside and out
with your own friends and relations. That
is what England haa dono with the Egyptian
coaoh which Ismail drove to the brink of
bankruptcy. It is true the Khedive still
sita on the box and holds tho reins, but
Lord Cromer aits beside him and holds
the whin.—fHarper's vv«ekly.
ment of their lime, from morning till
night, in securing sufficient food, the evil
should be remedied by feeding green corn,
or other material, at tho barn,
Though most farmers believe that shade
in the pastures iB of great benefit, thero
are many who never manifested their faith
by their work. They wish that their cows
could lie under the trees when the weather
iahotand sultry, but they have never provided the trees. Consequently, the cows spend
their time in the sue. A few farmers have
put up open sheds, which are moderate
substitutes for trees. Their example should
be followed by other farmers whose pastures
are destitute of trees. But these sheds
should be regarded as only temporary expedients to serve until the trees can be supplied. Sheep and cattle pastures, should
also bo furnished with shade, as well as
those whioh are kept especially lor cows.
In pastures which are not already supplied with shade, a few trees should be put
out. Young trees should also be set in
pasture in which the only shade is furnished by old trees, which will soon pass away.
It is not now the proper time for setting
treos,but it is juat the time to resolve that
the work shall receive attention in the fall.
The noed for the trees is now more apparent than it will be in the cool days of
the autumn, and if consideration of the
subject ia deferred until that time, it is
highly probable that the work will then be
neglected. So it is well to make the
resolution now, and put out the trees as
aoon aa the proper season arrives. A cheap,
fence should be provided for each tree, or
each dump of   trees, in   order to  furnish
firoteotion from injury by cattle. Only a
ittle expense will lie involved in furnishing a sufficient number of trees to supply
all the shade that will be needed in an
ordinary pasture. And when they are
fairly started into vigorous growth, the
trees will be an ornament to tho farm, a
benefit to the animals kept in the pasture,
and a constant souroe of gratification to the
Animal Iutelliaronoe-
Watts—1 tell you, old man, I saw the
moat remarkable exhibition of animal intelligence to-day that could be imagine-!.
Potts—Wliat waa it?
Watts—A bridal party started from the
house across the street from where I live,
and olio of the horses attached to the carriage threw a shoe. Now, what do ;ou
think of that?
The abaonce of temptation » Ue ai'fenoe
of virtue AtiiPEHS IN INDIA.
| The 'Errors of Their Life ilepi oted-
lie £*ril -»f ihr tep?rs Thai are I'ncar-
<>5 lor In India .lla.v b" Shown by a
llrsr.'ilpllon or one or Hie Places in
llh    31 Thry are Housed in Uombii
IThia jjiace, called the Dharmsala, is in-
nded for all kinds of  destitute  natives,
lit considerably more than half the in-
Jatea are lepers, who live in a part railed
T from the others. To give an accurate
tscripilon of the horrors of this sad com-
■unity »f 150 doomed ones would be im-
pssible ; suffice it to say  that it requires
> little tuurage to enable one to pass up
id down those chambers of living death,
■here are to be seen wifeless husbands,
lisbandless wives, children without paints, a;id parents without children, who
jive lieec driven out of house and home
their relatives  as   soon as  it   became
Iiown that the fell disease had laid hold
ion them. Wo saw there a man and
ifc, both lepers, who had six children,
veral of whom were living with their
.rents. There were young girls there in
i the disease had only just begun, and
it they were doomed to dwell amongst
ose who were in the last stages of the
rribla malady and see the bteps by
liich they, too, must descend to the
ave. One especially I remarked, very
iung, with a sweet face, and no mark of
0 disease upon her except two fatal
ots upon her back, just  enough to tell
that her  fate was   sealed ;  and   this
lor child had been driven from her home
I had wandered into this, the only refuge
• lepers in the city of  Bombay.    In  the
harmsala there is  no attempt made to
parate the sexes ; men women and chil-
are all huddled together in cells 6x8
|iese I measured with a tape), and in some
s, where there are children,  theie are
bre than two in  one.     Oh,   the awful
ghts one sees here !   I could not bring my-
| to describe everything.    One poor fel-
• was spotted all over like a leopard, an-
her with great swollen hands.one of which
i was having freely bled (to relieve  the
fahiness, he said) by a woman with an old
por.    She was tapping the hand all over
i the top of the blade, and the black
|>od was flowing freely.   As you look at
1 maimed limbs and distorted faces, the
t.ter generally wearing a dull, hopeless
pression, and showing clearly that all
ightness has long since gone out of their
es, your heart is drawn out in pity to-
.rds them,and you rejoice to be able to tell
tender to the leper and whose precious
1 can cleanse them from the still worse
[rosy of sin. We saw there a healthy worn-
with a leprous husband, and a healthy
i with a leprous wife aud daughter ; in
th cases the love and devotion of the
lthy one    must be very real indeed.
jTrom the Bombay" Gazette " we take'the
|lowing :—
' The lepers here are free to live in the
dst of the healthy ; they are  not placed
net any ban ; they are not cared for ; they
[allowed to beg, to starve, to die a hor-
le death, after a loathsome life, and
ther religion, nor benevolence, nor en-
htened selfishness takes thought of
m. Such as it is, the Dharmsala is the
i pi refuge open for lepers. They
iMH a refuge there from the
It&Jreper medical treatment is
•e it even- attempted. iTbey
IPs; even cookinfc utensils the
i hate to supply at best they oan.
lay two pounds of rice and thre» 't ice
JlsJen to each. Very often the leper
i to hire a neighbor to cook for him, he
|iself being too helpless to attempt any-
Dg of the kind.    If anyone begs in the
Itet and is unfortunate enough to be found
, the allowance of three pice for firewood
topped for three days. This is done
iheck the practice of begging ; and to
le extent it limits the exhibition of
tilations in the street. Only those
are very much afflicted indeed can
[taken into refuge; those who are not so
1 are told to go away; that is they are
1 in effect to go and beg, until then bene bad enough to be admitted. It is
1 in the very early stages of leprosy that
atment is of any avail in retarding the
33 ot the disease; and the fact of the
vly   attacked being   systematically re-
Ied at even the   one institution   that is
n to lepers shows   how  necessary it is
t some proper provision should be made,
thin the Dharmsala there are men, worn-
and children.    The   latter are' the off-
_j of  the adults.    They do not, as a
L show signs of the disease till they are
flit fifteen, but it generally lays hold of
i sooner or later.   Children are born to
! parents in the Dharmsala; no separ
i  of the  sexes is  enforced or   even
lught of.    Yet any one who;  gathering
■ether all hisresolution, oan walkthrough
1 narrow passages between the rows of
pets in which these lepers drag out an
jsteuce, that sums up in itself all that is
pt horrible and most repulsive in human
•ing, would counsel an inexorable
laration in mercy to future generations.
Iu and women with their limbs wasted
] only the outlines of bones remain, or
i swollen out of all form of limbs, sit or
Ion either hand; and at every few yards
to   be seen   wretches who   have lost
;ers and   toes,   or   even   hands   and
leaving nothing but useless stumps
Ich continue to waste and slough.    And
none is there either medical  care   or
ical comforts.    The two pounds of rice
tho three pice for fuel to boil it consti-
i their only resources.   Thoy sit in the
> with sad wondering expression on their
omplaining faces,  aa if they could not
Iprehend why a load of woe had been
upon them which was too heavy for
tale to Lear. When they get' very bad '
iry bad 1—they are told  ' to go to the
lital,' but to the hospital   they will not
i forced.    They regard it as merely
portal to the dissecting room and the
|e, and they prefer to die in the Dharm-
No relitive ever visits them or sends
!i food or money. No priest of any faith,
loctor—save one whose name we are
not to publish—no man or woman goes
lgst them to give material or moral
.ilation of any kind. They are aban-
d of God and man ; and were it not
the Dharmsala gives them the half of
-foot cell in which to lie, and a handful
ce with which to sustain life, they
d die in their sores along our streets.
' we hare hinted at the horrors contain-
thin the narrow bounds of the Dharm-
and have called attention to the ap-
ig deat'.ny reserved for those who are
ked by the most loathsome and most
ess of t.ll diseases, we have overcome
spugnance to dwell upon the unwel-
subje-it, in the hope of arousing atten-
;j great suffering and to what may be
at danger in our midst. It is not
Lft. ;« '.; owe safe, thpt theae wretched j
lepers should be left festering, unrelieved
and unthought of, in the midst of a great
city. It is not creditable that such a state
of things as that to which we have adverted
has been permitted to exist so long ; but it
would be a scandal to the Government and
a reproach to the community at large if it
were permitted to continue, now that its
existence has been pointed out."
The "Mission to lepars in India and the
East" has been correcting this state of things
in those parts of India which it has been
enabled to reach. The superintendent of
this mission, Mr. Wellesley C. Bailey, who
supplies the above facts, will again visit
Canada, during the autumn.
How Mines Are Found-
In Western Washington civilization is
confined to a narrow strip along the bor
ders of Puget Sound, and to aome of the
best agriciltural lands that lie in the large
wooded plains about its southern end. All
the rest ia covered with great rocky mountain ranges, cleaved by deep, dark valleys,
and covored up to the line of perpetual
snow with heavy forests of fii and cedar.
Every spring hundreds of prospectors
plunge into this wilderness on a search for
gold and silver, some on their own account,
hut most of them go grubstaked by local
capitalists, that is, all their expenses are
paid, and in return they give a half interest in whatever mines they may discover.
With a rifle, a hatchet, a bag of flour, and
a frying-pan slung over hia shoulder, the
prospector starts on his quest. He goea as
far as possible by st age. or carriage, then
on foot enters the forest and follows for
many miles a narrow trail that winds in
and out be'ween the trunks of great trees,
whose heads, reaching up hundreds of feet,
shut oft the sun and keep the earth in a
twilight so deep that only moss and fungi
can grow. At times the path skirts the
side of a rushing mountain river where in
every eddy are dozens of darting trout.
Then it climbs and winds high up tho
mountain side, grows fainter, and finally
disappears, lerving the gold hunter to
scramble on over fallen logs and around
precipices as best he can.
W hen night comes he stops, usually in
the bottom of a valley by a stream of melted snow water,fries and eats some pancakes,
cuts a great pile of fir boughs for a bed,
throws himself on it, and is asleep in a
moment. All through the night the cold
and damp from the stream and the mossy
ground creep up, and in the morning he is
stiff and scarcely able to stagger on.
He continues thus day after day, seeing
only the trees near about him, and occasionally a bit of dark mountain side through a
rift in their tops. Finally he has climbed
high up and comes out above the forests.and
sees again, for the first time in days, the
full daylight. Here, high above the world,
on the mountain sidea, he spends weeks
searching for silver and gold veins and hunting goat and deer for meat. Sometimes he
loaes himself, or by- a misstep falls thousands of feet from a precipice and ia dashed
to pieces in the valley below.
It fortunate, he locates several claims,
stakes them out, finds bearings for them on
the peaks about, and then, loaded with
specimens, makes his way back to civilization, where his ores are assayed. He has
brought the best specimens only, so they
come out splendidly. People become excited, and a paity,including mine speculators,
goes up to see what he has found. If good,
the mines are sold on the spot to specula-
tort, who in turn sell to rich Eastern or
English mining companies. These cut trails
through the woods, send up machinery
piecemeal on donkey or mule back, hire a
tot of *Uaer<> °t $3- a day, and .the mine i«
started for profit or loss, according to the
way the lead holds out. —[N. Y.Sun.
How He Got His Start-
"I got my start in a queer way," remarked a man of evident wealth, as the drummer finished hia story.
"How was that?" enquired the drummer. •
"Twenty-five years ago," continued the
successful citizen, "I was travelling with a
side-show, and the business went to pieces,
leaving me its creditor for wages to the
amount of $100. My share of the stock-in-
trade was an anaconda about 18 feet long,
and as big around aa my body. It wasn't
fat though, I think, for air was about the
only thing it had to live on for several
weeks before the failure. I took the suake
and started for St. Louis, where I proposed
to exhibit it.
"I had him in a box in the baggage-car,
and somehow he got out and started
through the train on an exploring expedition. Just as he was crossing the platforms
of the second and third coaches the couplings came loose, and there's no telling
what would have happened, for we were
going up a heavy mountain grade, if the
snake hadn't twisted himself around the
brake-roda and railing, and hung on. It
was a big strain on him, but he stuck to it,
and I'm a lawyer if he didn't hold that
train together for two miles, and no doubt
saved the lives of all the passengers in the
rear coaches. They thought so, anyhow,
and made me up the purse of $500."
The drummer coughed.
"What became of the anaconda I he enquired casually.
"He gave me my start,' replied tho narrator. "You see, the $500 wasn't a drop
in tho bucket; but when we got tho snake
oose the strain ou him had stretched him
out 2) feet longer, and I went into St.
Louis with a snake that no other exhibitor
could hold a candle to, and if you don't
believe me I can show you that snake stuffed and hung up in my hall at Denver."
The drummer got up with the air of a
man who was uneasy.
•tYou ought to sell it fori telegraph
pole," he said, reproachfully, and then
went out.
The Olerk's Revenge-
A rather amusing episode took place in
one of the pariah churches in Lancashire a
few years ago.
The minister was going through the service in the church one Sunday afternoon,
when the clerk ventured to ask him if he
would kindly cut the sermon short, as he
had got an invitation to tea at the house
of a friend.
The minister, knowing he was very anxious to go, thought he would play him a
trick. So, instead of shortening his sermon, he preached for more than an hour
and a half.
By this time the old clerk was at boiling
point. Thinking he had been made a fool
of, he was anxious to do the parson one in
return. So he bawled out from the top of
his vbice:
" Psalm 119, Fro1 eend t' eend; he's
prach't o' day, an' we'll fling o' neet."
Condors have been killed in Peru with
wings of forty feet spread.
Prof. Barnard has been engaged for the
past two years in photographing the Milky
Way, and expects that he will complete his
is.sk ut the end of three more years,
How   Two   Sufferers   Revalued
Health and .»trensth-
Mr. anil Mrs. Jas.-Lnsrson Tell The Story of
Their Renewed Health ami Strenitlh-
IIkv Find  Health Alter Many  Heine
dies Hail Failed.
From the Woodvilio Independent.
The Independent has published a
number of well authenticated cases of
most remarkable cures by the use of Dr.
Williams' Pink Pills for Pale People.
Many of these cures have occurred in
our own province, and all of them have
been vouched for by newspapers of well
known standing, whose disinterestedness
leaves no room to doubt the accuracy of
the statements made. But if anything
were needed to convince the skeptical
among our readers (if any there be) and
bring into greater prominence the surpassing merit of this wonderful life-giving remedy, it is found in the fact that
the Independent has been able to give
the particulars of several remarkable
cures in our own neighborhood, every
detail of which can be easily verified by
any interested in bo doing. A short
time ago we gave the particulars of the recovery of little George Veal, which has attracted so much notice and added to the
fame of Dr, Williams' Pink Pills in this locality. A few days ago this case was thi
topic of conversation in one of our local
stores, when a gentleman present said he
knew of a case in town even more surprising. The Independent, alert for anything
that would interest .its readers, asked for
some further particulars, and was informed
that the person referred to was Mrs. James
Lawson, an esteemed resident of Woodville,
who had been utterly helpless for a time,
her recovery despaired of aud who is now,
through the almost magical virtues of Dr.
Williams' Pink Pills, recovered and able
to be about once more. A few days
after this, meeting Mr. Lawson on the
street, The Independent inquired if it
were true, as stated, that his wife owed
her recovery to the use of Dr. Williams'
Pink Pills. Yes, replied Mr. L., and
not only my wife but I was cured
by them also. It you will call at the
house you can have the full particulars if
you want them. Mr. Lawson has bein a
resident of Woodville for over twenty
years, and is well known and highly respected by all. On calling at his house we found
both Mr. and Mrs. Lawson at home, and
quite willing to give the desired information. They are an intelligent couple and
those acquainted with them will have no
hesitation in giving implicit confidence to
their statements. Mr. Lawson stated that
he had been ailing for years, his appetite
failed; he became weak and unable to
work. He received medical assistance, bu t
found it of no avail, and at last he was con -
fined to the house with little prospect of
recovery as was thought. He had read
of the wonderful cures effected by Dr. Williams' Pink Pills and determined to give
them a trial. He soon tound benefit from
them and continuing their use entirely
recovered, and i« now enjoying better health
than he has previously done for years and
is quite as able as formerly to do a day's
Mrs. Lawson also told of her terrible
sufferings. For three years she had been
unable to do housework, and for nine months
was confined to bed, being so helpless that
she had to be lifted like a child. She had
consulted doctors in Toronto and taken their
prescriptions but found no relief. Her
nervous system was wholly unstrung and
she suffered from disease of the spine. The
doctors told -her it would be- necessary te
perform an operation on her spine,otherwise
she could not get relief. She refuted to
have '.he operation performed, knowing that
it would make her a cripple for life, and she
considered that condition as bad as her then
state of suffering. At last she began the
use of Dr. Williams' Pink Pills and had not
been taking them long when she found their
good effects. She found herself getting
stronger, and was able to leave her bed.
At first she had to use crutches, but continuing the use of Pink Pills she was able
to throw away first one and then the other
of the crutches and is now not only able to
walk freely, but to attend to her household
duties as formerly. In fact she says that t he
is now stronger than she has been for many
years. Her appetite has returned, her nerve
aul spine troubles have disappeared, and
Bhe rejoices in complete recovery which she
attri butes solely to the use of Dr. Williams'
Pink Pills, and which she recommends to
those troubled with nervous prostration,
diseases of the spine or general debility.
Both Mr. and Mrs. Lawson attribute their
recovery under Providence lo the use of
this marvellous medicine which has been
such a blessing in our land, and they are
willing that all others should enjoy the
knowledge of their wonderful virtue.
Dr. Williams' Pink Pills are a perfect
blood builder and nerve restorer, curing
such diseases as rheumatism, neuralgia,
partial paralysis, locomotor ataxia, St.
Vitus' dance, nervous headache, nervous
prostration and the tired feeling therefrom,
the after effects of la grippe, influenza and
severe colds, diseases depending on humors
in the blood, such as scrofula, chronic ery
sipelaa. etc. Pink Pills give a healthy glow
to pale and sallow complexions, and are a
specific for the troubles peculiar to the
female system, and in the case of men thoy
effect a radical cure, in all cases arising
from mental worry, overwotk or excesses
of any nature.
These Pills are manufactured by the Dr,
Williams' Medicine Company, Brockville,
Out., and Schenectady, N. Y., and are sold
only in boxes bearing the firm's trade mark
and wrapper, at 50c a box, or six boxes for
$2 50. Bear in mind that Dr. Williams'
Pink Pills are never sold in bulk, or by the
dozen or hundred, and any dealer who offers
substitutes in this form is trying to defraud
you and should be avoided. The public are
also cautioned against all other so-called
blood builders and nerve tonics no matter
what name be given them. They are all
imitations whese makers hope to reap a
pecuniary advantage from the wonderful
reputation achieved by Dr. Williams' Pink
Pills. Ask your dealer for Dr. Williams'
Pink Pills for Pale People and refuse all
imitations and substitutes.
Dr. Williams' Pink Pills may be had of
all druggists or direct by mail from the Dr.
Williams' Medicine Company from either
address. The price at which theae pills
are sold makes a course of treatment comparatively inexpensive as compared with,
other remedies or medical treatment.
Have You Neuralgia?
If you are suffering the agonies ot neuralgia, and have failed to get a remedy that
will afford relief, we want you to try Pol-
son's Nerviline. No remedy in the market
has given anything like the same degree of
satisfaction. Its action on nerve pain is
simply marvelous, and as it is put up in 25
cent bottles no great expense is involved in
giving it a trial. Poison's Nerviline is the
most pleasant, powerful, and certain pain
remedy in the world. Sold by druggists and
all dealers in medicine, 25 centa a bottle.
Hj is Bast-
iter nur.-e the hopeful corn
leoutlin produce   tho harvest
cloud- tho  sunset's  throne
JBB noblest rivers born ;
ts»fra    the  mountain-face
In doOP»*)Hijdftds arc treasured genu mont
Theffirt am  ca'mer reached   through
starniejtt care.
The night otvfcoplng ends in joyful morn ;
Events are iot as first they moot the sight;
The sons of Ofl, by passing criefs aro blest
Amid the di^k He ever leads to light,
Hia purpost, end plans a re always right.
Commit thy \\>y to Him - His way is best;
O wait tor H|i, wait patiently, and rest.
—{Dr. Newman Hall.
TcRaise More Oorn
To the acre .lways use Putnam's Painles.
Corn Extracbr. Always safe and painlesss
Beware of sujstitutes and imitations. Use
Putnam's P.inless Corn Extractot. At
druggists.    /
*"r ■*	
^Cnrtd Him-
A would-h M.P. was addressing a political meetinft^o the North, and in repudiating charges e, untruthfulness contained in
his previous id dress, he said:
" Yes, geulemen, when I was a boy I
waa once thryihed for telling the truth."
"Ay, my ad," shouted out a miner in
the audience^'and it cured you."
Friend : Js^fhy.Elvira, what's the matter ?"
Elvira : %>h, I don't know, only I'm
worried to <k»th. I've had the same girt
six weeks, a.d she doesn't talk about leaving yet."     _
" Shedoeo'tr
" No, not, word. She must be in love
with my huiband."
We'll write it/lown till everybody seen,*
Till every bod- is sick of seeing it
Till cverybodVknows it without sooing it—
that Dr. Sago's Catarrh Remedy cures  the
worst cases J ohronic catarrh in the head,
catarrhal hefdache, and "cold in the head."
In  peifect f.ith, itt makers, the  World's
Dispense-y fledical Association of Buffalo,
N. Y., offer o pay $500 to any one  Buffering from chnnic catarrh in the head whom
they cannot ure.
Now if the conditions were reversed—if
they asked >ou to pay $50 ) for a positive
cure you miihl hesitate. Here are reputable men, w*h yean of honorable dealing ;
thousands of dollars and a great name back
of them and they say—"We can cure you
because weVe cured thousands of others
like you—ij we can't we will pay you
$500 for the knowledge that there's one
whom we cai't cure."
They believe in themselves. Isn't it
worth a trial? Ian't any trial preferable to
catarrh ? .  '
The Army summer manoeuvres will this
year be held m the borders of Berkshire and
Wiltshire, nost probably in September.
Swindon wilf be the centre of the manoeuvring ground,!
" Common Sense" Brand.
We wiah tl draw special attention to the
adv. of M. &.L. Samuel, Benjamin & Co. re
Binder Twine. Tho twine they handle is
the well knewn " Common Sense" Brand,
this - being mw the fourth season for it. It
has in that time established itself as being
by far the rheapett and most economical
twine of ssy in the. market Itt length
per lh is ettati to'the Bed Ctp. It will
aerttinly pjj .all larrneit to give it a trj
Hats cost the American people $300,000,
000 annually.
Thousands of Dollars
I spoilt trying to find a
cure for Salt Rheum,
which I liad 13 years.
Physicians said they
never saw sq severe a
case. My legs, back " nd
arms were covered by
tho humor. I was unable
to lie down In bed, could
hot M-nlk without
crutches, and had V
Mr. S. G. Derry. have my arms, back anu
legs bandaged twice a day. I began to tako
Hood's Sarsaparilla and soon I could see a
Dhange. The flesh became more healthy, the
■ores noon healed, the scales fell oil', I was
soon able to give up bandages and crutches,
and a happy man I was.   I hud been taking
Hood's Sarsaparilla
for se\ an months; and since that time, 2 years,
S have worn no bandages whatever and my
legs and arms are sound and well." S. G.
Deiuiy, 45 Bradford St., Providence, R. I.
iHOOD'8 PlLLS cure liver ilia, constipation,
biliousness, j aui.dice. una sick headache. Try them.
TEA.CHE R8 and older Soholars can mako
money canvassing for "Farmers' Friend
and Account Book." Send for circulars. WIL-
1,11)1 BKItiHS. Publisher Toronto.	
IMPROVKrVcentral Toronto  Properties to
exchange for farm lands.   Money to loan.
Hently, Blnehslock, Neshlll .t   Cbndrt lck,
58 Wellington Street E., Toronto.
unprecedented facilities for acquiring a
thorough knowledge of Cutting in all its
brancnos; also agents for the McDowoll Draft-
ng Machine. Write for clrculars.123 Yonge St.
Lodge Seals, School Seals, Office and Bank
Stamps, Stampr of every description.
10 Kins; Street West, Toronto.
Wrltofor Circulars.
That people would have been regularly using
our Toilet Soaps since 1345 (forty-seven long
years) if thej1 bad not been GOOD I The publlo
are not fools and do not continue to buy goods
unieas they are eatitfaotory.
Electrical Supplies, Bell Outfits, &c.   Re-
Eairs  prompt   and  reasonable.   School   and
Ixpertmentere' Supplies and Books.
SB tk »» Adelaide St. W„ Toronto
li    BUYA
^'gents every where.
RubbOP Stamps
Queen City Rupber Stamp Works, Toronto.
For lOlroular Address,
4*i T7 Mptflicote Ave., Toronto
St. Thomas, Out.,
haa the moat successful School of Fine Ar
in Canada where all kinds of Drawing,
Painting and Decorative Art work are
thoroughly taught. The Art Room is the
6nest in the province and well equipped and
the reccrd in the Government Examinations
is not equalled by any otherSchool. A Diploma
in Fine Art from this College is always and
every whenat asretnium, Fine Art graduates
of Alma readily secure Collegiate appointments. For full Announcements address
President Austin, B.A.
Napoleon's famous road across the Alps,
which excited the wonder of the world,
cost  only $3,000,000.
Tissue Enilding Medicines
Are   the best for all chronic diseases.   Send
postal card for 192 page book  (free) explaining
all particulars,   Address   DR.   W.    BEAR
room 19, Gerrard Arcade, Toronto, Ont. Men
tion this paper when writing.
A New York policeman has resigned because the commissioners wanted him to Bac
rifice about six inches of hia mustache.
Dr. Harvey's Southern Red Pine for
coughs and colds is the moat reliable and
perfect cough medicine in the market. For
ale everywhere.
A. P. 670.
will derive strength and
acquire robust health
by a persevering use of the great
Food Medicino
" I inherit some tendency to Dyspepsia from my mother. I suffcn-tl
two years in this way ; consulted a
number of doctors.    They did me
no good. I then used
Relieved In   your August Flower
aud it was just two
days when I felt great relief. I soon
got so that I could sleep and eat, and
I felt that I was well. That was
three years ago, aud I am still first-
class. I am never
Two Days,     without a bottle, awl
if I leel constipated
the least particle a dose or two of
August Flower does the work. The
beauty of the medicine is, that you
can stop the use of it without any bad
effects on the system.
Constipation While I was sick I
t e 11 everything it
seemed to me a man could feeL I
was of all men most miserable. Icau
say, in conclusion, that I believe
August Flower will cure anyone of
indigestion, if taken
Life of Misery with judgment.   A.
M. Weed, 229 Belle-
fontaineSt.. Indianaoolis. Ind." 9
Best inthe World!
Get the Genuine!
Sold Everywhere!
"C ATj TIOST."—Bewara of substitutes.
Genuine prepared by Scott & Bowne,
Belleville.   Sold by all druggists.
60c. and C1.U0.
Grants Diplomas in Commercial Science
Music, Fine Arts, Elocution and Collegiate
tit Candidates prepared for Matriculation
and for ovcry grade of Teachers'  Certificates.
Will reopen
Send for Calendar.   Address
Fire and Burglar-Proof
In ane all over the Dominion. Wo sell direct to
the user, thus giving the
ouster tbodh count usuall
aieVui Cuiuuilmlisj*. Oe*
■»W »■ Cauiinluilisw
logueon application.
S77 Craig Et. Ventre*
for aale by the Saint Paul
^^^^^^^^^^^ A, Ddldth Railroad
Coupant in Minnesota. Eeud for Maps and Circulars. They will be sent to you
Land Commissioner, St. Fsul, Minn.
K.D.C. is specially
prepared for the euro
of indigestion and dyspepsia. Cure guaranteed. Try it, and be
convinocd of its Oreat
Mention this paper.
Free sample mailed to any address.
Every MusicToachor in Canada should know where they
can get their Music cheapest.
Write U3 for Catalogues; also
sample copy of the Canadian
Jiusician, a live monthly journal with SI.00 worth of music
in each issue. $3 to S« per day
madebv canvassers. Sec premium list. We carry everything
in the Music line.
158 yonceit.tcronto,ont.
Ask for the J. D. King & Co., Ltd., porfoct fl
ing goods, and be happy.	
After five years' su
fet-ing from Dyi-popsi
my wifo got   entirely
cured in one month by
tho free use of
The happy transition it
brings is grand and permanent. Wo prize St.
Leon so highly wo will
take pleasure in answering nny inquiries.
318 Dovencourt   ltoad,
Hold no*' open.
M.  A.  Thomas,   Mgr.
Branch - • ■        • 1 j ■
Cheap and Easy to work. Follows Manila on all machines in good order
without change of adjustment Completely weather and rot proof. Bo sure you
get " COMMON SENSE "  branded on bales, also on tag attached to each bundli
I ain't as pretty as Manila but I
get there just the same
" Common Sense^
If you cannot purchase in  your
vicinity, write for Information to
single 35 JL JbBjnJLwJL
power PXjmjLS?Ss
toronto, ont.
m —,—».,.   —
r-   THE   -,
Okanagan Mining Review
Published weekly in the interests of the Southern Interior of British Columbia, in which are
aituated the following mining camps: Fairview,
Boundary Creek, Ruck Crock, Camp McKinncy,
Granite Creek and the Siinilkameen and Kettle
River ranching districts.
Subscription Price, $2.00 per annum, payable
in advance, cither yearly or half-yearly at the
option of the subscriber.
Advertising Rates sent on application.
Address all communications
The Okanagan Mining Review
Okanagan Falls, B. C.
While our columns arc always open for the
discussion of ony relevant subjects, wo do not
necessarily endorso tho opinions of contributors.
Anonymous letters will not be published.
When new journalistic enterprises
»re launched it is customray, whether
by way of apology or not, to show
cause for adding to the list another
claimant, aud when it can be shown
that any particular interest is at present unrepresented, or that an important district is comparatively unknown
to the outside world, a sufficient raison
d'etre for the journal seeking to fulfil
those offices will have been fairly
With this issue the Okanagan Mining Review becomes a candidate for
public favor, and the Lower Country,
as it is most commonly called by those
in the northern half of the Okanagan
district, having been hitherto dependant upon correspondence in outside
papers to spread abroad the fame of its
resources, has now an organ of its own,
devoted to the setting forth of it3 advantages and thus contributing to its
progress. Like many other new enterprises there are no lack of direful predictions voluntarily given as to its
chances of survival, and while we are
prepared to believe that the field at the
present will be a difficult one to work,
we have strong faith that the Lower
Country will, ere long, justify the confidence which we have placed in it.
The various mining camps of the district will receive close attention and
the news of each will be given a place
in our columns. Owing to the limited
population at hand, from which to draw
sufficient support, we would solicit the
patronage of all who are interested in
the advancement of this portion of the
Province. To tha consideration of
local affairs the Review will be principally devoted, but by local affairs we
do not mean the advocacy of the
claims of any particular location in the
Osoyoos division of the Yale district to
the exclusion of any other locality. In
that portion of the district lying between Okanagan Lake and the American boundary, and between the Sel-
kirks and the Cascades, is a region sufficiently largpund important to war-
rint the Government in dividing it into
two recording divisions. It is a region
of vast resources, the development of
which can scarcely lie said to have commenced, and only the future will determine where its trade will centre. At
present a considerable portion of its
trade is lost to the merchants of British
Columbia, finding its way instead to
the coffers of business men of the State
of Washington. This is not only a
clear loss to the Province, but is retarding this portion of the district by submitting the settlers to a heavy customs
tax and serious delays in the delivery
of freight and mail matter.
To advocate such improvements as
will remove these difficulties is a line
of duty that the publishers of this
paper will at once take up.
The interests of the paper and the
interests of the district are inseparable,
for only through the advancement of
the latter can the former hope to
Unpretentious our publication may
seem, but to our lot must fall the hardships and disadvantages of pioneer
journalism, and when these have been
cleared away we trust the Okanagan
Mining Review will be found fully
able to hold its own with other papers
in the great interior. To every part
of the district we trust that it will find
a ready entrance, and whether read in
the office of the mining broker, in the
cabin of the miner, around the prospector's camp-fire, or among the
ranchers of the district, our greatest
satisfaction will be to know that iu its
columns will be found a trustworthy
representation of the vast resources of
the district. Without more ado we
doff our cap and wish our readers a
cheery good-day.
ture3 and proleng their day.-;. As long
a j they bring plenty of cash with them,
room will be found for their crutches
and all allowance made for their "often
infirmities." The fertile soil of the
Okanagan will "provide their bread"
and "their Witter will be sure"—unless
Dog Lake runs dry.
The depression of the silver market
has given a decided impetus to gold
mining iu Utah and Nevada.
The first step in reciprocity*-reciprocity in wrecking—has lieen taken. If
the sky does not tumble down we may
take another timid step in the same
direction after a while. -—Globe. A step
affecting the mining industry would
be appreciated in this district.
Judging from the large number of
inquiries made regarding the Okana- . jr
gn.n, it would appear that this district V
Is attracting a large number of home-
seekers. It would seem that the
Okanagan has become the hope of
those who are frozen out in other parts
of the country. Here the water-soaked
will come to get dried out, and here
the frozen will come to get thawed out,
while the rheumatic-jointed and weak-
lunged will flock  in to ease their tor-
Osoyoos Division Shows Up Well In Report
of Provincial Assayer.
Mr. W. Pellew Harvey, the assayer
to the British Columbia Government
of all ore speciment sent from the Province to the World's Fair, Chicago,
in his repoi I writes as follows of those
sent from the Osoyoos division :—
" I was particularly struck with the
nature of the exhibits from this district. The ore sivms to contain silver,
gold, lead and copper in paying quantities. In one case I met a heavy
8peciineu of antimony sulphide. The
majority of the claims sent gold ore,
the best assay amounting to $3(50 per
ton in gold, this was from the Stem-
winder. All the ores are concentrating,
having quartz aud arsenical and iron
pyrites as their composition, with the
precious metal i. 'lite gold assayed
from $30 to sjKiO per ton."
In concluding his remarks, on the
whole of the exhibit, he said : "I may
say this, that in individual cases the
assays are below the reported values as
a general rule. This is sure to happen
in a new country where the general
idea is to boom. I have reported as
fairly and conscientiously as possible
and rest assured that the collection
sent to Chicago will be the means of
attracting much attention, and the
splendid average silver, gold, lead and
copper of the specimens forwarded will
speak for itselt."
Mexican dollars are now passing for
50 cents each at Deining, N. M.
England was nearer to a war with
France two weeks itgo than at any time
since Waterloo.
At New York recently Jas. Mitchel
threw the 56-pound weight 38 feet 14
inches, three feet farther than the
previous world's record.
Alluniiiium is being used in Chicago,
though at present only experimentally,
in the making of medical and astronomical instruments, the outer covering
of the hulls of ships, rowing shells,
canteens and other equipments for soldiers, and the filling of teeth. Experiments in the latter use are reported to
be most satisfactory. As filling, to
succeed the present soft or gold filling,
it is said to Iks superior, beeause it docs
not turn block as soft filling, or show
dark, as gold. It can be made to look
almost the color of the teeth, and its
lightness, and the fact that it does not
shrink, peculiarly recommend it. Attempts are being made to form teeth
of the. new metal, aud the scientists
seem to think.'it ^ssiMeTo cliahge its
color so that it will match with tho
color of the teeth.
:a»jBvertlscments under the heads of Lost, Found,
The   following   extracts    fronElthv! '-'•' *■">» Sale or To L*' and Situations Wanted
i!K    iouovwnfc,    exu^i*    iiuiu   «* be lnHerted at Uic ratco, ono centa
■ dine Provecv.ion Act will be of mt»*#'|i^or(l each insertion.   Payment always in
st to our readers:— ■>•* *:$vSj»vaiiee.    >.'o advertisement received for
„ r&nu
None of   the  following   animals if §-■ less
birds shall lie hunted, trapped, talu '  '   '
killed, shot at, wounded or injured,
all or at any time, viz.:   Cow
(commonly known as elk), cow moos*
English blackbird, chaffinch, pheaski '
linnet, skylark, robin quail.
No person shall at any time buy o*
sell, or offer or expose for sali*!HB^.
pheasant, or doe of any age, or an J
deer under the age of twelve months
nor shall any person buy or sell, oA
offer or expose for sale any willow ok
ruffed grouse, before the first day o
October in each year.
None of   the  following   animals
birds   shall   lie hunted, taken, killed;
shot at, wounded or injured during am
night throughout each year, or witbit
the periods hereinafter limited:—
Blue grouse and praii-ie fowl, frou
the first day of January to the twelftl
day of August.
Willow or ruffet grouse and meadow
lark from the first day of January tC
the thirty-first day of August inclusive.
Male mountain sheep, from tne first,
day of January to the first day of July.
Malt; deer and male cariliou, frointht
first day of January to the first day ot
Wild duck of ai kinds are not protected.
No person who is not  domiciled
this Province shall at any time Inn;
kill, or take any of the animals orbit*
mentioned in this Act, without be!
authorized thereto by license to tl
effect; and such license shall in no c
give a right to the holder thereof to
kill, in addition to the birds mentioned
in this Act which may lie killed, more
than ten deer, five reindeer or caribou,
five  mountain  sheep,  five  mountain
goats, two bull wapti or elk or two bull
than twenty-five cents.
ANTED—Advertisers to ubc the columns
fcof the Minino Review to extend their
In the Southern Interior of II. C. 1
ANTED — Subscribers  to   the   Mining
Review at $2.00 per year, or $1 tor six
'oaths, in advance. '
W    Review
this district.
ANTED—Correspondents for the MlNINd
in all  the camps throughout
aipply, our imports of wheat Hour have
'alien from 3o,0U5 barrels in the half
year ending June 30th, 1800, to 10,530
barrels in the l/st six months of this
year.   This reduction of  largely  nil-,
necessary imports will, it is confidentlyl
hoped, continue, now that such excel-}
. lent wheat, ran._be_arid -itmu.ty ,)un\u
grown, and converted into Hour in th
Okanagan country, and readily thence
marketed by means of new a.nd4>ett*H
railway facilities.—News-Advertiser.
Before You Come Here Know Just What You
Are Coming For.
In " writing up " any country thero is often an
unjust feeling of criticism engendered by tho
writer's injudicious attempt to make more of
his subject than tho true facts will warrant.
This fooling Is shown not only by the small local
papers bnt even by tho best journals in their attempts to enlighten the public on the merits of
any favored locality. All excess of enthusiasm
on the part of a bona fide settler of a country on
tho special advantages oll'ercd by his own favored locality may be often overlooked on tho
ground that his assertions do not always proceed from an entirely disinterested motive, and
it sometimes happens that his very lack of
knowledge of other fields which may idler oqual
if not superior advantages to his own to the intending settler will further excuse his clfort to
speak generally on a subject on which ho possesses but partial information. Rut a paper
whose province it is to disinterestedly show up
the resources of the field it operates In has
every opportunity of forming n true estimate of
the claims of each and every locality in its Held,
and any attempt to favor a certain locality by a
misstatement of facts is entirely unjustifiable;
for it is these very olt'orts of irresponsible writers
which go further than anything else in bringing
a country into disroputc.
Thero Is not perhaps to-day in the entire Province a town, however unfavorably located,
whose individual residents aro not imsscsscd of
the idea, delusive as it may be, that this ono
particular town has an era of prosperity about
to dawn on it which will warrant the wlldost
Hchemcs for groat local cntorprlscs, requiring
the expenditure of large suins of money; thero
is not a creek, afi'ording suliicicnt. power to
drive the machinery of a small grist mill, that
is not destined, in llio oyes of these enthusiasts,
to be a "manufacturing centre;" or a eross
roads station that will not be a "railroad contro"
and distributing point for an unlimited area.
Every acre of land, however unfavorably located it may be, in their own particular seel ion,
those same Individuals arc at all times ready to
assure the would-be purchaser is " increasing
rapidly in value " in thu real estate market. A
fow words to thoso intending to locate or invest
in tho Okanngiin may prove of value lo them.
This section, like every other country under
the Bun, has its advantages and disadvantages.
No reasonable man can expect to accomplish
anything here without the same work, tliesimu:
effort and the same self-denial he has been
forced to undergo in the more thickly Nottlod
portions of tho East. Every part, of Uritish
Columbia has its own particular ad vantages to
offor the Intending settler, but with all the inducements of tho several favored localities,
there is one question tho immigrant must bo
able to answer before ho can hope to accomplish anything there, and that is, What is his
object in coming? Docs ho desire to turn his
attention to farming, mining, lumbering, or
does he desire to lend money, purchase real estate, go into business, or follow his profession,
whatever it may bo! The Okauugnn to-day
perhaps oilers better chances for the right man
than it ever did ; but if any man in the East
imagines for a moment that ho can accomplish
anything here without any well formed plansof
the course he intends to pursue on his arrival,
the sooner lie dispossesses his mind of tho delusion the soonor will ho find himself in a position
to appreciate the resources of this most favored
country. For the simple reason that others
have taken this leap in I lie dark and by mere
chanco have struck a competency, signlties nothing. Failures nil over the Pacific States will
warrant the admonition that " before you come
here know just what, you arc coming for!"      <
An Oft-Told Tale.
He pitched his white tent in the wilds.
Fur from the human " set,"
And with a faith just like a child's
He said " I'll get there yet!"
He put him up a case of typo,
A hnndprcss and a " stick,'
And there, where screamed the owl and snipe,
He made the letters " click."
They wondered what ho was about,
When iu the woods they found him;
But when he got his paper out
They built a town mound him!
Columbia Flouring Mills C
Pioneer Rollep Mill of the Ppovinee.
fivr. Manufacturers of the famous
fremier »       Three Star
Wand Brand
Mill Feed always on hand.
TIti rt ert»y.
P. RITHET & CO., Limited, Agents,
§Lake View
A New City possessed of a Wonderful
Combination of Advantages.
Situated at Kelowna and fronting on Lake
Okanagan, the most boautlful body of fresh
water ill British Columbia. Especially attractive for guests who arc desirous of spending a
few wools whoro fish and gamo aro plentiful.
Within a short dlstanco of Lord Aberdeen's
fruit estate and all points in tho far-famed
Okanagan Mission valloy. Adjacent to steamboat wharf, whore boats call daily.
A. McDONALD. Proprietor.
A Reflection on Somebody.
The Spokane papers say that tin-
mineral exhibit of British Columbia is?
equalled by only one other at the fair—
that of New South Wales. But they
say there is no reading matter in ciw
dilation in reference to the mine i
represented, and argue that this ought j
to be looked after by the citizens of I
Spokane, who will benefit. by thcde-J
veloptuent of a great deal of 'the mining
country in question. \-
Okanagan Takes the Bakery.
It is satisfactory to learn that con?
sequent  on  an   increasing provincial
Manufacturer of
Of Every Description
Tho Oldest Established Assayer In B.C.
Mr, \V. I'Kijjiw HaiiVby, whoso advertise*
rnont appears in this paper,hati boon established
in BritiBii Columbia cor nearly three years, He
was several years assayoi* in England with the
leading smelting company in the world, Messrs.
Vivian & Sons, of Swansea, and oan always be
depended upon to give reliable assays. Modt of
the experts who visit this country on behalf of
English mining syndicates take advantage of
Mr. Harvey's skill before making their reports.
The assays of B. 0. mineral specimens for the
World's Fair were made by Mr. Harvey, under
I order from the Provincial Govommont.
Okanagan Falls, B. C.
Review . .
J. J. FORD, Proprietor
First^Class Toblo
Single Meals 50c.
Board per Week 86.
Main Street, . . Okanagan Fain
Nothing In business pays better;
but there is very little of it, and it
pays all the better on that account.
What wc mean by good printing is
such as bctlts your business; neither
above nor below it; not mean in anyway, nor extravagant; but businesslike ; proper; corrot.
It costs no more than inferior work,
and you arc benontcd by the favorable
impression which tho use of neat and
cleanly printed ofHco stationery makes
—on tlwsu with- whom-you deal.
Tho Httlo oxtra attention required
on our part to turn out n good class of
work is compensated for by gaining
and retaining your custom.
The Okanagan
Mining Review
Okanagan Falls
British Columbia
Speed,  Safety,  Economy  of
Time and Money!
Daily Through Express Trains
To Toronto, Montreal,  Hamilton,
Ottawa,   Halifax,   Portland,
New York, Boston, Chicago
and St.  Paul.
Passengers Booked To and From All
European Points.
For time-tables, rates, and full information
apply to
District Pass. Agent, Vancouver.
Penticton and Oro Stage Line
In Connection with C. P. R.
Stage leaves Pontlcton at 7 a.m. Tuesdays,
Thursdays and Saturdays.
Stago leaves Oro at 7 a.m. Mondays, Wednesdays and Fridays.
Arrives at Penticton or Oro at 0 p.m.
iSTMakos connections with C. P. It. Streamer
Aberdeen and trains to all points.
For further particulars apply to
Manager, Oro, Wn.
pr Oko. McL. Brown,
Dist. Pass. Agent, Vancouver,
It is the natural Distributing Point for the whole
of the Lower Okanagan Valley and the
famous Kettle Biver eountpy.
SINCE the announcement was made that a new City bearing the name of Okanagan Falls, had started into life
<vit there have been numerous enquiries bearing on the sub-
"^ ject. It has for some time been a sine qua non (hat a
city of importance must spring up somewhere in the Okanagan
country, which for several years past has been attracting the
attention of capitalists, not only on this continent but in Great
Britain as well. Its combination of resources so richly aggregated, comprising mining, grazing, fruit-growing, etc., must of
necessity evolve a city in its midst, which will be one of the
centres of the Province. This is just.as certain as the fact j^jH^
at the terminus of the C.P.R. on the Pacific coast there *$»';,,
bounds to be a sea-port city of importance^ The questioJ^jrf-:V
location is to be decided by the conditions most favorable" t<S
urban growth. These conditions, as will be shown in answer
to some of the numerous received, are all comprised in the
situation of Okanagan Falls.
One question asked is, " Where and what is Okanagan
Falls?" In reply, it is the nucleus of a city, the prospects of
which are not surpassed by any other on the Pacific coast;
situated at the foot of Dog lake, in the famous Okanagan valley, B.C. Had the conditions for a prosperous and populous
city been especially stipulated and ordered as the work of nature,
they could not have combined more favorably to produce success. The first and most natural question to arise in the mind
of any common-sense man is, " What is there to make a city
at Okanagan Falls ?" Unless such a question is fully and fairly
answered, any person endeavoring to place in the market town-
site property, backed up with glittering promises of a rich
retnrn, may fairly be regarded with suspicion and distrust.
Readers are requested to carefully consider the reasons here
advanced in support of the strong faith the promoters have in
the future of Okanagan Falls.
In the first place, Okanagan Falls is likely to be the
terminus, of the Canadian Pacific & Okanagan Steamboat line; it is in the line of the only possible pass which
can be utilized by the C.P.R. south of the present line, or, in
other words, via the Crow's Nest Pass route to the Pacific
Coast; it is the proposed terminus of the Spokane & Northern
Railway, and of the Okanagan & Osooyos Railway, to connect
with the Great Northern at the boundary. It will be preeminently a railway and mining centre.
It is the natural outlet for the greatest gold mining region
on the continent, a country which also possesses immensely
rich deposits of silver, lead, coal, platinum, iron, etc. For
proof of this, see Dr. Dawson's reports and the annual reports
of the Minister of Mines.
In the next place, it is being built by the side of a magnificent waterfall, capable of generating a horse-power of between 50,000 and 100,000 at a very low cost, sufficient to
operate all the mining machinery, reduction works, tramways,
sawmills and other industries in it or in the country surrounding it. Being easy of access and having unexcelled transportation facilities in prospect, Okanagan Falls will naturally attract
all the industries referred to which the country will demand.
The country also abounds in Coal and Wood.
General Agents
605 Hastings Street, Vancouver, 8.0.


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