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Omineca Miner Mar 24, 1917

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VOL. VI, NO. 30
G.T.P. Steamer Goes Ashore in
Gale While En Route to
Prince Rupert, March 23:���The
G.T.P. steamer Prince Rupert,
which sailed for Vancouver at
midnight,struck on Glenn Island,
in Malacca Passage, at 2 a.m.,
during the height of a gale. The
vessel was only a short distance
off her course. She struck at
high tide and today is high and
dry, with her bow only about
thirty feet from the woods on
The passengers were assembled
on the upper deck and furnished
with life-belts,, and-the lifeboats
were lowered, but so heavy was
the sea that the boats did not
leave the ship. Wireless calls
brought the government steamer
Fispa, which took off a party of
passengers, the rest coming here
today by special train from Inverness.
It is  believed the steamer is
seriously damaged.   Her oil tanks I mously
were leaking and  were pumped
Passengers say the situation
was handled in the most capable
manner by Captain McKenzie
and the officers.
London: The pursuing British
and French troops between the
Somme and Soissons are now encountering shells from the German big-caliber guns, and it is
evident that the Allied advance
has nearly reached the Hindenburg line. Yesterday there was
fierce fighting at aseore of points
along the Franco-British line.
Military authorities believeGer-
many is shaping her forces for a
supreme effort, to regain supremacy on the western front and may
have reinforced her army enor-
Perhaps 500 battalions
have been re-created, and it is
thought the Germans are preparing to stake all on one throw.
Forester Allen Promoted
An important change in the
forest service, announced this
week, includes the incorporation
of the Hazelton and Prince Rupert districts. R. E. Allen, district forester at Hazelton, is to
be in charge, with headquarters
at Prince Rupert. The people of
this town will be sorry to see Mr.
Allen leave. He has always
taken an active and useful part
in the activities of Hazelton, particularly in connection with patriotic organizations. Mrs. Allen
and family will remain in Hazelton for the present.
"White Elephants"
A Red Cross Social is announced
for Friday evening, March 30, in
St. Andrew's Hall. A feature
will be a White Elephant Sale,
with a fixed price of 25 cents for
each parcel. The program will
begin at 8:15,and all are requested to attend early. The ladies
will welcome contributions of re
Methodist Church
Rev. T. Ferrier will preach in
the Methodist Church tomorrow
evening.    Special music.
You are cordially invited to
evacuate  St.   Quentin and Laon
without a great struggle.
A French dreadnaught was
torpedoed and sunk in the Mediterranean.   No details are known.
Paris: French forces pressed
steadily forward at Aillette and
north of Soissons. In nn engagement of masses, Nivelle's trcops
inflicted a stinging defeat on the
Germans north of St. Simon,
driving them back to Grand Ser-
aucourt, with heavy losses.
The enemy is not expected to
Petrograd: After sixteen hours
of desperate fighting the Russians dislodged the Turkish forces
occupying Aliebad.near Kerinza,
and forced them to retreat.
The children of the Czar, who
are suffering from scarlet fever,
took a turn for the worse yesterday. The Czarevitch is very ill.
Czar Nicholas is under detention
at Tsarkoe Selo, where his family
is residing.
England, France and Italy have
conveyed recognition of the new
Russian government.
the verge of a nervous breakdown, and has gone to a health
resort at Homburg.
Items Of General Interest From
Hazelton and Surrounding District
Rotterdam: At least a score
perished in the unwarned sinking
by a German submarine of the
Standard Oil tanker Healdon.five
miles within the German "safety
zone". The survivors landed at
Lausanne: Germany has sent
many of her captives to the front
line of battle, as a measure of
reprisal. The Red Cross is endeavoring to dissuade German
authorities from such a course.
The Hague:    The Kaiser is on
Washington : The Healdon
sinking will be answered by continued speeding-up of preparations for hostilities, which are
now inevitable.
The navy has recalled a large
number of retired officers, and
has advanced the graduation
of two classes at the naval academy.
Ottawa : Canada's Victory
Loan will be considerably in excess of the $150,000,000 called
Galveston: Thousands of Germans have entered Mexico, to
form an army for the invasion of
the U. S.
The Soldiers'  Aid
In accepting the resignation of
., ,,      ,,..     ,,....   , Secretary   R.   E.   Allen, the Sol-
Vancouver, Mar. 22: ��� Chiel of   ,.       . .,   ���        ._       . '       .  ,,
diers Aid Committee last night
Police   Malcolm   B.   McLennan. le|ected him an honorary member
George Robb, and a small boy j ancj passed a resolution express-
passing on the street were killed [ing appreciation of his untiring
when Robert Tate, a drug-crazed , services. In his remov.al to Prince
negro, entrenched himself in a Rupert the organization loses a
house on Georgia St. last night J member who will be hard to re-
and fought a three-hour battle Place.   J. K. Frost.oneof Hazel-
,,,   ..     ,.        ,. n     ,,,  ltmwpi.fiii-���i.ri anlrUows u>ns nWrorl direction of Mrs. Sealy. realizing
with the city  police.    Constable] consieiurnea soiaiers.waseiectea
Cameron and - King, the owner [ honorary secretary-treasurer,and a neat sum.     The Tea, as usual
of the premises, were wounded
by the negro and are in hospital.
The shamrock was very much
in evidence in Hazelton on St.
Patrick's Day. In connection
with the Tea given by the ladies
of the W.A. in the afternoon,the
Irish emblem was sold by a number of young ladies under the
The ladies of the W.A. will
meet at the Mission House next
Thursday afternoon, March 29,
at three o'clock.
New York: Americans are
waiting for the call to arms.
Roosevelt is in favor of an expeditionary force. Unparalled
activity prevails in the army and
navy departments.
Financiers support the proposal
to loan the Allies a billion dollars.
Detective Russell and Constable
Johnston sustained superficial
wounds by flying glass splinters.
The negro refused to surrender
and blew the top of his head off
with a shot gun charge. A
woman of the underworld named
"Frankie" Russell, who was in
the room with Tate, is held by
the police on a charge of murder.
Chief McLennan was killed
instantly when a full charge
from the shot gun struck him in
the side of the bead. He lay
where he fell for two hours while
the battle raged. The house was
riddled with shots.
Both the negro and woman are
on the police records. The trouble
arose upon refusal of the negro
to pay his rent. Two reyolvers,
a rifle and a shotgun were found
in the room, and several partially
used cans of cocaine.
G. W. McKay   was  appointed  a
member of the committee.
Hall Association
The annual meeting of shareholders of Hazelton Hall Association was held on Thursday evening, when a very satisfactory
report was presented by the secretary and manager, J. F. Maguire.
A resolution expressing appreciation of the valuable services
gratuitously rendered by Mr.
Maguire was unanimously adopted, and he acceded to the general
desire that he retain office.
Trustees R. S. Sargent and J. E.
Kirby were re-elected, and the
latter was appointed auditor.
Coming Events
March 29���W. A. Meeting, Mission
House, S p.m.
March 30���Red Cross Social, St. Andrew's Hall, 8 p.m.
April 3���Hazelton Board of Trade,
Quarterly Meeting. Progress Club
Rooms, 8 p.m.
was a complete success, most of
the townspeople putting in an
appearance during the afternoon.
In the evening a danCe was
held in Assembly Hall, and while
it was of necessity a short affair,
it was greatly enjoyed by the
crowd which attended. The
music, furnished by Horace Du-
Hamel, was excellent.
The day's activities netted
$93.50 for the Soldiers' Aid.
Card of Thanks
The president and members of
the W. A. extend their thanks to
the many kind and generous
friends who contributed to the
success of the Soldiers' Aid Tea
by their presence and gifts of
money and refreshments. Also
many thanks are due to our flor
ists, whose art substantially
swelled the finances. Over $65
was handed to the Soldiers' Aid
Motor cars are again in commission in Hazelton.
W. A. Williscroft is down from
Telkwa for a few days.
Hunter Corner is reported severely wounded, in a late casualty
George Berts has sent Mrs.
Moseley a handsome souvenir in
the shape of a miniature German
Harry Hamblin, Dominion constable here, has %gone to Vancouver, with the intention of
R. E. Allen, F. B.Chettleburgh
and E. Kelly returned on Tuesday
from a cruising trip to the Copper river valley.
The quarterly meeting of the
Board of Trade will be held in
the Progress Club rooms on Tuesday evening, April 3, at 8.
Prompt action by neighbors
extinguished a fire which started
from a spark on the roof of Wm.
Grant's residence on Monday
A. A. Sparks, of Blairmore,
Alta.,who is interested in mining,
was here this week, and will return later, to look into various
Chief Constable Taylor leit for
New Westminster on Thursday
with Cunningham and Petzl, who
were sentenced to the penitentiary as a result of their.jail-
breaking exploit.
B. R. Jones, who recently leased the hotel and store at Skeena
Crossing to Ruddy & MacKay for
two years, will leave next week
for a three-months' trip to the
East, on mining business.
The plant for the Northern
Telephone Company's new system has been received, with the
exception of one unit, which was
shipped from Montreal on Feb.
19. As soon as it arrives the
installation will he carried out.
At Monday's meeting of the
Progress Club it was decided that
the circulating library should be
available for the use of all residents during business hours, an
exchange fee of five cents being
charged, with a two-week time
limit for returning books.
There will be an examination
of applicants for positions as
assistant forest rangers on April
16, in Hazelton. Applicants, who
must be British subjects, should
make previous application, on
forms which may be obtained
from the district forester.
Amsterdam: Berlin may be in
the throes of a fierce revolution.
A curious silence is maintained in
connection with the many rumors
of unrest and revolt.and the situation is believed to be unusually
serious. Germans with interests
in danger are hurrying to Berlin. THE OMINECA MINER, SATURDAY, MARCH 24. 1917
Published every Saturday at Hazelton, the Center of the
Great Omineca District of British Columbia.
A. R. Macdonald, Publisher and Proprietor.
SUBSCRIPTION RATES: Canada and British Possessions, Two Dollars a
year; Foreign. Three Dollars a year.
ADVERTISING RATES: Display, $2.50 per inch per month: Reading
Notices, 20 cents per line for each insertion. Legal notices inserted at B. C.
Gazette rates.
Vol. VI.
Saturday, March 24, 1917
No. 30
Lord Shaughnessy may be best known as the president of the
Canadian Pacific Railway Company. When the inner history of
the war comes to be written he will be still better known as one of
the effective organizers of victory. From the beginning he threw
his energy, and directed the energies of his staff, into the national
When asked for a statement as to Canada's greatest needs at
this critical time, especially in making arrangements for returned
soldiers, Lord Shaughnessy said:���
The return of our soldiers will be a tremendous opportunity for
the country. Shall we seize it.or bungle and miss it? That will be
the test of the quality of Canadian statesmanship.
We have always wanted men to develop the country. Well,
there they are, or will be���ready to our hand. Immigration is
desirable, but uncertain. These men of ours will come home as a
matter of cousee.
They will not come back exactly the same as they were, but
some people have an absurdly exaggerated idea of the change we
may expect. The slacker has been changed by discipline and-the
downright steady man has certainly not been turned into a slacker.
Taken as a whole, the men who return ab'e bodied will be found
better men than ever, physically and mentally���moie hardy, self-
reliant, and enterprising; their minds widened by experience. Some
of them will naturally take a little time to settle down and get their
bearings.    But that will be only a passing phase.
I take for granted that the present system of getting ex-soldiers
employment will be greatly improved and developed, for it is barely
able to place the few thousands already with us. But even if the
system is so improved that everv man returning after the war gets
some sort of a job, it does not follow that we shall have any great
cause to boast. We shall have achieved a negative success; but we
must aim at something higher, a more positive success.
There is too much haphazard employment at the best of times;
and with a flood of men having to be placed simultaneously there is
a greatly increased danger of shoving them into phces without
enough regard to suitability. Putting round pegs into square holes
does not pay.
Having still some time to prepare,there will be no excuse if we
do not devise schemes of employment which will use a high
percentage of each man's capacity, instead of a low percentage.
The man and his employer and the country at large will all gain
by this. The man can make most by work that he has interest in
and has skill for. The industry that he is engaged in prospers by
his good work, and the country as a whole prospers or suffers
according to the prosperity or depression of its various industries.
I am plad to hear that the national service commission is taking
steps to discover the previous trade or calling of each man now
under arms, and his intentions or capacities for his future career,
at any rate in the matter of agriculture. That is the foundation
industry of the whole country. Farming should be made so profitable, by educational and financial aid, and the social conditions of
rural life should be so improved that thousands of men with natural
inclinations that way will be attracted to agriculture and >\ill
succeed at it.
But even when that is done the great majority of the men will
have to be provided for in other kinds of work. I should like to
see thousands of them,not now highly skilled,given special training
to equip them with the skill they lack. I am sure it would pay the
country to give it them.
We must use brains and ingenuity in forming our plans for
doing the best that can be done for -and with���the returning men.
Good people often say to them, "Nothing is too good for you."
It is easy to talk like that, in vague generalities. But we have got
to come down to particulars, and find out in detail what is best for
the men���yes, and for each particular man, with his individual
capacities and aptitudes.
By doing that very thing for men returning disabled the
Military Hospitals Commission has given the country a splendid lead.
This lead should be followed in dealing with the mass of men
returning later on	
We want to get out of ruts. We do our thinking in ruts, and
that keeps us acting in ruts.
Take agriculture,for instance. People have a habit of thinking
and saying that intensive farming is not suited to Canadians; and,
accordingly, it is not developed. But Canadians pride themselves
on their adaptability; and many of them might transfer their
energies from extensive to intensive farming with great advantage
to themselves and to the country.
This is a line of industry which partly disabled soldiers, with
sufficient training could carry on both easily and profitably.
It involves thorough co-operation, of course. But is it too much
to hope that co-operation, or government organization, of buying
and selling���in other words, national co-operation���may be applied
in the near future to the agricultural industry ingeneral,intensive
and extensive alike?
While we must avoid impracticable schemes, we must not
turn down a scheme off-hand as
impracticable just because we
have had no experience of it.
Nor must we be scared of big
things just because they are big.
We must investigate all plans
that seem to contain any promise
of usefulness; experiment with
those that still seem promising
after being subjected to rigid
examination; and boldly adopt
those that stand the test of
At a critical time like this, with
tremendous problems to solve,
we must be bold, without rashness, and not flatter our timidity
with the name of caution.
I said just now that the Military Hospitals Commission had
given a good lead by training
men for the occupations they
were found most suited to. And
there is another very striking
feature of .its'work that offers a
good example for the whole
country to follow.
When a soldier is found to have
tuberculosis, he is given the most
scientific treatment in a sanatorium, for as long as his case requires. And he is taught not
only how to conquer the disease
in himself, but how to avoid
spreading it to others. If the
same systematic care was applied
to civilian consumptives,the gsin
in health and wealth to the country would be simply enormous.
As many Canadians have been
killed at home by tuberculosis
since the war began as have been
killed by the war itself. Yet it
is an entirely preventable disease.
If we stop its ravages we shall
more than make up for the ravages of the war. If we stay in
the rut, and let this enemy go on
killing our people at home as fast
as the Germans can kill them at
the front, then the less we talk
about our national intelligence
and enterprise, the better.
Railway Material  Higher
Montreal, Mar. 21:- Railway
executives declare that the steady
increase in the price of materials
used in large  quantities  on   the
railways presents a serious problem.      Figures quoted by one of
j the officers of the  Grand   Trunk
| system  show  that  many of the
staple products used by the  line
| have  more than doubled in price
during the last year.     Brass has
increased   over two hundred per
cent in  price,   and  the  railway
uses more than a million dollars'
worth   of  this  metal each year,
i Copper has risen over one hun-
jdred  per  cent  in   value,   while
'steel bars,   plates,   angles,  etc.,
j hundreds of tons of which go into
j railway maintenance each year,
are costing three times as much
as they did before the war, and
delivery   is   difficult   to   obtain.
Springs for engines and cars are
other items which require  to  be
constantly  replaced,  and   these
have increased in price about one
hundred and eighty-five per cent.
It  is almost impossible for any
railroad  to  obtain new motive
power, which is badly needed. A
type ot  locomotive   which  two
years ago could have been bought
for $27,000 cannot be ordered for
future   delivery   at  any   figure
under $45,000.
Commercial Printing at
Which assists the  wives and families of Canada's gallant
soldiers, requires millions of dollars to keep  the soldiers'
home fires burning.
District Treasurer: Stephen H. Hoskins, Government Agent
Hazelton Committee:
J.   E.   Kirby,  R.   E.  Allen,  J. K.  Frost,   J. R. Barker,
and J. G. Powell.    Monthly Subscriptions are Solicited
The  Hazelton  Branch  requests the support of all in its
efforts to assist in the noble work of this great humanitarian
Honorary Presidents: Mrs. (Rev.) John Field; Mrs. (Rev.)
W. Hogan
Chairman:   Dr. H. C. Wrinch
Vice-Presidents: S. H. Hoskins; Mrs. E. R. Cox; W.J. Carr
Honorary Secretary:  Miss J. C. Grant
Honorary Treasurer: H. H. Little, Manager Union Bank
Executive Committee:
Mrs. H. C. Wrinch,   Mrs. R. G. Moseley,   Mrs. Chas. Reid,
Miss Hogan, Rev. John Field, Rev. M. Pike, H. H. Phillips
Large or Small Contributions will be Gratefully Received
Endeavors to supply soldiers from Hazelton distriat wit!
such comforts and necessities as cannot be readily obtained
at the front, and will assist them to re-establish themselves
in civil life when they return. The Committee is acting in
co - operation   with   tlie   Provincial   Returned   Soldiers'
Commission and the Military Hospitals Commission
Contributions to the Soldiers' Aid Tobacco Fund are Welcome
Chairman: A. R. Macdonald
Honorary Secretary-Treasurer: R.E.Allen, District Forester
H. H. Little, J. K. Frost, F. B. Chettleburgh
H. B. Campbell, H. F. Glassey.
The World's Doings in Brief
News Notes from Many Sources
Copper, 33; silver, 725 lead, 9|.
The Labor party will again enter politics in B.C.
Prohibitionists will hold a convention at Victoria.
Naturalized Japanese are asking for votes in B.C.
France will send necessary
foodstuffs to Switzerland.
The new government of Russia
has been generally recognized.
A growing demand for Canadian war certificates is reported.
A strike has closed down 1500
building jobs in Cleveland, 0.
Provincial reports say the population of B.C. is now 383,380.
China has occupied the German
concessions at Tientsin and Hankow.
Fifty thousand militiamen will
be enrolled in Canada, for home
War taxes and excise duties
have increased Canada's revenue
fifty millions.
The Marquis of Queensbury is
operating mining property on
Porcher Island.
German agents are reported to
be exceedingly busy in Holland
and Switzerland.
U.S. foreign trade decreased
$190,000,000 in Febiuary as a result of the submarine scare.
The illness of Sir Richard McBride will delay the completion
of the prohibition vote count.
An investigation of P.G.E. affairs is being held by a committee
of the legislature, at Victoria.
The New Zealand farmers'
union is ready to build its own
ships, to ensure transportation.
As a result of non-deliveries,
the Dominion has cancelled the
contract held by the Ross rifle
The funeral of the late Duchess
of Connaught took place at Windsor on Monday. Premier Borden
U. S. copper companies agree
to supply government demands
at a price ten cents a pound under the market. '
Professor Shortt, who drew up
the new civil service bill, may
he appointed chief commissioner
undpr the act.
On Wednesday a man, believed
to be insane, gained entrance to
Lloyd George's home. He was
arrested after a struggle.
Asquith,in an eloquent speech,
rebuked the committee which
blamed Kitchener for the failure
of the Dardanelles campaign.
The first session of the Imperial
war   cabinet,   attended   by   Sir
j Robert  Borden   and  other over-
[ seas premiers, was held on Tuesday.
A supreme court decision that
the eight-hour law is constitutional removes the danger of a
nation-wide railroad strike in the
American Socialists are expected to register a protest against
participation in the war when the
party convention is held in St.
Louis on April 7.
Canada's contributions to the
Red Cross in 1916 were over
$4,600,000. of which $1,157,800
was in cash. B. C. was fourth,
with  cash payments of $78,284.
Prairie farmers maintain that
artificial conditions prevent the
shipment of grain by Pacific
coast ports. They demand the
| removal of monopolistic restrictions.
Evidently fearing the effect of
the Russian revolution on public
opinion in Germany, Chancellor
Hollweg, i n a parliamentary
speech, hinted at constitutional
reforms to follow the war.
J. F. Maguire
Manufacturers' Agent
One Dollar per day and upwards
25c. auto service to and from all trains and boats
Up-to-Date Drug Store
Kodaks and Photo
Toilet Requisites
A   Fine  Line   of Stationery
Green Bros., Burden & Co.
Civil Engineers
Dominion, British Columbia,
and Alberta Land Surveyors
Offices at Victoria, Nelson, Fort George
anil New Hazelton.
F. P. BuitDEN, New Hazelton
Provincial Assayer
Hazelton,      -      -      B.C.
Steamers sailing between Skagway, Juneau,
Wrangell, Ketchikan, Anyox, Prince Rupert,
Ocean Falls, Vancouver, Victoria, Seattle.
Leave Prince Rupert for Ocean Falls, Vancouver Victoria, Seattle,
Friday at 9:00 a.m. For Anyox Wednesday at 12 midnight. For
Ketchikan, Wrangell, Juneau, Skagway, Wednesday, January 10, 24,
February 7, 21, March 7, 21, at 1 p.m. Fortnightly sailings to Port
Simpson, Stewart, and Queen Charlotte Island points.
Arrive Prince Rupert from the South every Wednesday at 10:30 A. M.
Eastbound trains leave Hazelton: Passenger, Wednesday and Saturday,
7:10 p.m. Mixed 1:66 P.M. Tuesday.     Wayfreight 12:30 p.m. Saturday.
Westbound trains leave Hazelton:  Passenger Tuesday and Thursday,
9:46 a.m.    Mixed 6 a.m. Sunday.    Wayfreight 11:36 A.M. Sunday.
For further information apply to any Grand Trunk Pacific Agent.or to
G. A. McNicholl.Ant. Gen. Freight ami Pnnengor Auont.Prlnce Rupert, B.C.
I Hudson's Bay Company |
2 Groceries, Drygoods, Boots and Shoes, Hardware, Wholesale Liquors    8
| Huntley & Palmer's Biscuits: |
g Breakfast, Brown Meal, Cafe Noir, Cinderella, g
| Creamy Chocolates, Colonial, Coronation, ��
�� Digestive,   Milk,   Nursery,   Sultana, |
fi Thin Arrowroot, Thin Social, Tea, p
g Wheatmeal. per package, .20. g
�� Put up in 4-lb. packages. ��� ��
Baking Powders in 1-lb. tins:
Featherlight, Empress, Magic,
per tin, 25,
|  LOCAL EGGS, strictly new laid, doz., .65 ��
The Prince Rupert Empire man,
who is a candidate.for the house
of commons for this Riding.
This is to introduce the man
who always fights for the rights
and interests of the masses
rather than for partyism.
Express, General Drayage and Freighting
/ IVFRY art A *\TAflF^i We are prepared to supply private
LtlVLim UflU OI/i\JLnJ and public conveyances day and
night.     Our stages meet all trains at South Hazelton or New Hazelton.
Consign  your shipments in  Our
Care  for Storage or  Delivery.
Address all communications to Hazdtun.
Ruddy & MacKay
���W" %���
Food Supply
Tf J ^ 1
rf p I
Make Victory-
AM assured that
my people will re-
spend to every call
necessary to the success o) out cause���with
the seme indomitable
ardow and devotion
that iiave fdled me with
pride end gratitude
since the war began."
His Majksty King George
OUR soldiers must be fed; the people at
home must be fed. And���in spite of
Germany's murderous campaign to
cut off the Allies' Food supply, by sinking
every ship on the High Seas���an ample and
unfailing flow of food to England and
France must be maintained.
This is National Service-
Not to the Farmer only���
But to YOU   to everybody���
This appeal is directed
WE must unite as a Nation to SERVE
���toSAVEafid to PRODUCE. Men,
women and children; the young, the middle
aged and the old���all can help in the
Nation's Army of Production.
EVERY pound of FOOD raised, helps
reduce the cost of living and adds to
the Food Supply for Overseas.
For information on any subject relating
to the Farm and Garden, write:
Department of Agriculture
PLANT a garden���small or large.  Utilize
your own  back yard.     Cultivate the
vacant lots.    Make them all yield food.
WOMEN of towns can find no better
or more important outlet for their
energies than in cultivating a vegetable
Be patriotic in act as
well as in thought.
Use every means available--
' Ovtrlov,i\ nothing.
Dominion Department of Agriculture
������em���in���in iiiiiiii^irei'i.aaflZMwsttit.ii THE OMINECA MINER, SATURDAY, MARCH 24, 1917
===:^i |added   to  the Allies'  holdings,
London : Strongly fortified
positions long held by the Germans in the Somme and Oise regions are now in the possession of
victorious British and French
troops, after terrific bombardments which drove the Kaiser's
forces from their strongholds.
The British success extends for
a distance of sixteen miles along
the Somme front, from Le Transloy to Monchy au Bois, including
Bapaume,Achiet le Grand, Achiet
le Petit,Bocquoy and other towns.
The Germans regarded Bapaume
as a "second Gibraltar". In retreating they burned the city. A
French airplane.in retaliation for
this wanton destruction, bombarded the German city of Frankfort -
French advance guards entered
the important town of Roye, and
French troops have occupied German trenches on the entire front
of fifteen miles between Andechy
and the Oise, comprising powerfully fortified lines which the
Germans have held for more than
two years.
Petrograd: After abdicating
the throne, Ex-emperor Nicholas
returned to general staff headquarters. The decision whether
Grand Duke Michael Alexandro-
vitch shall occupy the throne is to
be left to a plebiscite of the Russian people, according to a manifesto issued by the Grand Duke.
The attitude of the armies at
the front, in the face of the new
developments, is unknou n here.
It is believed the appointment of
Grand Duke Nicholas as commander-in-chief will be received enthusiastically by the troops.
A constitutional assembly will
be convened at the winter palace,
which has been proclaimed public
General Brusiloff, commanding
the armies in Galicia, authorized
the publication in Kiev of despatches announcing the revolution.
Apart from the killing of a few
officials,including the reactionary
governor of Tyver, the loss of
life was slight. Confidence in
the duma seems to be the guiding star of the movement.
The garrison of Sveaborg, the
fortress defending Helsingl'ors.is
reported to have mutinied and
refused to join the revolution,
Paris: Premier Briand and the
cabinet have placed their resignations in the hands of the president
calling upon him to interpret the
situation in the best interests of
national defence. The ministry, i
which was reorganized last De-
cember.has been made the object
of repeated attacks, on account
of its economic policy.
The Russian colony here is
elated over the probable choice
of Grand Duke Michael as successor to Nicholas.
German and Austrian officialdom is considering the possibility
of entering into negotiations with
the new Russian government.
to   the
Although there is general rejoicing   over   the    success    of    the
"Push",   experts are inclined to
; put the soft pedal on the popular
jubilation, and deprecate the tendency towards over-optimism.   It
i is pointed out that the German
retreat   is   not   a   rout,   but  a
methodical   turning   back   from
untenable   positions   to   others,
i doubtless long and carefully prepared.    The retreat undoubtedly
has been accelerated by the Allies'
unexpected superiority,   but  reports  do not show any consider-
town was systematically  looted.
The old German line on the
front of operations has been entirely dissipated. British troops
are still pursuing the retreating
enemy, but the retirement of the
Germans has slowed up. This
is attributed to the stormy
weather, but it may mean that
the enemy is reaching his new
line of prepared positions.
Forty more villages have fallen
into the hands of the British.
Sir Melville Chamberlain, director of national service, in an
address today declared that the
German retreat will cease soon,
has been achieved by Hindenburg
against the Entente, forestalling
the great spring offensive.
Amsterdam: There are rumors
of serious riots in Berlin, requiring the presence of troops.
Petrograd: The government
has declared a political amnesty.
Plans for the unification of the
empire are progressing favorably.
Washington: Hourly the war
is looming nearer. A tremendous
appeal for immediate action comes
from all sources. Wilson has
called an extra session for April
2. The Union League Club, a
great   Republican   organization.
able losses of men  and  material !and said-  "It's a long way from
by the Germans, indicating that Bapaume to Berlin.      There's no declares that a state of war exists
the withdrawal is far from being Iuse  hidin^ our heads- we've ��ot and calls fot aetion-
a disorderly retreat.
There is much guessing today
as to the new line to which the
Germans are retreating. The one
most favored by military experts
'is that of Douai-Cambrai-St.Quen-
tin-La Fere-Soissons.
to see it out.
Rumors concerning a probable;
revolution in Germany are spread-
Paris: The French have wrest- j
ed from the Germans over one;
hundred   square miles in the gi-
The Allies are today systemat- '��� ganlic drive from Chaulnes to the
ically consolidating their lines and Oise.     The countryside has been
still pressing forward against the
Germans. On the whole seventy
mile front of operations the Brit-
laid waste by the re treating army.
In this action trench warfare has
been magically done away   with,
ish and French have taken about land the soldiers are sweeping
seventy cities, towns and villages, j jubilantly at the heels of the foe.
In  some places the Allied troops | The  land   is filled with pursuing
are established ten miles within
the territory formerly held by
the enemy.
London: That Hindenburg may
lead a revolt in Germany is asserted by a neutral attache, who
tells an astounding story of plot-
hatching for the overthrow of the
Hohenzollerns, and asserts that
Germany is ripening for a revolution. The wealthy middle classes,
who are in a state of utter recklessness, are conducting secret
Petrograd: The entire Baltic
fleet and the garrisons of the fortresses of Viborg and Sveaborg
have joined the revolutionary
movement. Order has been restored from chaos, and Russia is
settling down to the business of
reformation. The people are very
orderly. The emancipation of
the Jews, who have been granted
free rights of citizenship and the
abolition of the pale.causes much
There is illness in the Czar's
family. The Czarevitch is reported critically ill.
Great Britain will recognize
the new government.
Grand Duke Nicholas has taken
over supreme command of the
Russian armies. He has released
all political prisoners at Baku.
London: In the direction of
Samara the Turks are in full
flight before the British forces.
In Turkish Armenia and in Persia
the Russians are operating to cut
off the retreat.
Washington: The U. S. and
Germany are on the verge of open
hostilities as the result of the
sinking of three American ships.
The freighter Memphis had fifty
Americans aboard. All but sixteen are missing. Fourteen of
the Vigilancia's crew are missing.
The crew of the Illinois was
saved. The Memphis and Illinois
were en route to the U.S. without
cargo. The president may call
an immediate session of congress
to take aggressive steps.
London: The retrograde movement of the Germans on the
western front is coming to a
standstill today, as the French
and British troops reached points
very near the "Hindenburg line".
Fighting between masses may
occur shortly, information leads
to the belief that the Germans
plan an offensive movement for
April 5. Meanwhile despatches
from the front show the tremen-
, dous scope of the Allied advance.
Petrograd:  That Ihe provision- |The t()ta] amount of Fl.ench terri.
al  government   will   use   every
energy and with the  unanimous
consent  of the nation will effect
speedy victory, was the declaration of the foreign minister.
The Grand Duke Nicholas cement
ed his alliance with the people gomm
tory  liberated  up to  March 21
was 853 square miles.
Reports from the French front
indicate that Nivelle's forces
made such rapid progress as to
threaten   the  German   line near
when   it  became known that he
indued the Czar to abdicate.
Athens: The heir-apparent is
being schooled to take Constantino's place if necessary.
Washington: The war situation
is graver than ever. The government is arranging with Great
Britain a system of protection
for merchant vessels.
Despite safe-conduct guaranteed by the Germans, two of five
Belgian relief steamers were attacked. A boat containing officers and seamen was shelled and
all occupants killed. Seven men
on   the  other vessel were killed.
London: News of the greatest
occupation of territory by thei
Allied forces since the Maine j
thrilled Britain today. The German line has given way and near-j London: The Germans have
ly five hundred square miles of | been cleared out of Peronne.
territory between the Arras sec-. The historic church of St. Jean
tor and the Oise river have been I is now a  mass of ruins.    The
London: The big retirement
by the Germans in Picardy is believed to be the forerunner of
Germany's greatest effort in the
west, which cannot now be long
delayed. If the plan was to tempt
the British armies into reckless
pursuit, then turn upon them when
their lines were disorganized, the
ruse failed completely, for the
pursuit is now in the hands of the
cavalry, which can be withdrawn
quickly if a counter-offensive begins.
Despite cold weather and snowstorms, the British troops continue their advance on the heels of
the enemy.
Paris: Ten additional villages
have been occupied by the French
forces in their further progress
north and northeast of Soissons
and to the left of the Laon road.
Ribot, the new premier, in a
stirring and optimistic inaugural
speech, declared that France will
fight to the end.
The food director states that
the Allied volume of supply has
been uninterrupted by the submarine blockade.
Berlin: Germany is retreating
to victory! Another master-stroke
canal, menacing enemy
positions at La Fere, which is
supposed to be one of the basic
points of the Hindenburg line.
There is considerable artillery
activity around Armentieres and
Paris: The retreating Germans
looted even the supply houses of
the American relief commission,
leaving French civilians  entirely
without food. Insensate destruction marks the enemy evacuation.
Petrograd: Correspondence between theCzarina and Propopotoff
proves that the former minister
and others of the late government
attempted to conclude a separate
peace with Germany. The Czar
was against reforms; the influence
of the Czarina and the pro-German ministers was too strong for
the democratic element to overcome. Grand Duke Nicholas is
maintainingdisciplinein thearmy.
Smithers, B.C.
British Columbia Land Surveyor
:::   MINE SURVEYOR   :::
Hazelton, B. C.
Surveys' of Mineral Claims, Townsites,
Timber and Coal Leases, Etc. and General Engineering Surveys.
The obtaining of Crown Grants attended to. tf
Just Arrived
Spring and Summer
Let us show you  appropriate styles and WEAVES
Hazelton, B. C. |
Assay Office and Mining Office
Arts and Crafts Building', 578 Seymour Street
The Estate of J.  O'Sullivan
Provincial Assayers and Chemists
Established 1897 by the late J. O'Sullivan,   F. C. S., 26 years  with
Vivian & Sons, Swansea.
for any period from one month upward at SI per
m<-.nth in advance. This rate Includes office con-
^ultatione and medicines* Bfl well as all costa while
in the hospital. Tickets obtainable in Hazelton
at the Post Ollioe or the Drug Store; in Aldermere
from Mr. T. J. Thorp; in Telkwa from Dr. Wallace;
or by mail from the Medical Superintendent at the
- Vegetable Garden and Flower Beds���J
We have just received a
Large Assortment of Fresh
Flower and QF|7FtoC[ Lawn grass
Vegetable ULiLililJ Onion Setts
Begin now to plan for
the Planting Season
R. Cunningham & Son, Limited
Lowest rates Prince Rupert to all Eastern Points via steamer
to Vancouver and Canadian Pacific Railway.
Meals and  berth  included on steamer
S.S. "Prince���� Maquinna" leaves Prince Rupert every SUNDAY, al 6 p.m
S.S. "Princeai Sophia" leavei Prince Rupert Feb. 16th
26th; March 9th, March 19th and March 30th.
I     J. I. Peters, General Agent, 3rd Ave. & 4th St., Prince Rupert,B.C


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