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The Nicola Herald May 14, 1908

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Array slativ(
MAY 1 o 1908
THE NICOLE
H It LefcM��fcl*0
PUBLISHED AT MERRITT B. C.
Vol. 4, No. 19.
THURSDAY, MAY 14, 1908.
$2 a Year.
a
WHAT IS COAL?"
the-.separation from it cf carburetted
hydrogen (fire damp) and water.
The varieties of coal may be classified in the following manner, according to the relation between the
proportions of ca-'bon and oxygen:
Lignite, lignitic, bituminous, and an-
         ] thracite.
j    It has been remarked as worthy of
Question Not So Easily Answered As note tllat irl 1ne Pacific coast sections
ranging westward  from western  Al-
ITEMS OF INTEREST
IT   OCCURS   TO  FEW TO   ENQUIRE
ITS EVOLUTIONARY ORIGIN
Proved By Lawsuit in England.
Different Varieties of i oal
Described.
The question, " What is coal ? "
would appear a very simple one to
answer.
everyday use, known to be burled in
immeasurable masses, ben ath the
earth's surface, and one cf the pulse-
makers of the universe, it occurs to
few to enquire its evolutionary origin, and to still fewer to determine
its place in relatic n to the economic
progress cf modern industrialism.
That it is a question not so easily
answered after all, is proved by the
proceedings of a famous lawsuit
which involved the Torbane Hill estate, England, in 18,5'S. The owners
of this estate had leased the coal
rights, and in the course of operations the lessees extracted a combus-
A civil action ensued, and geologists,
chemists and mining engineers gave
evidence, on both sides. The judge, in
summing up, remarked that after
hearing so much conflicting professional evidence, it would seem -almost
impossible to find a correct definition
of coal.
P'or the purposes of this article,
however, coal may be defined as a
solid stratified substance, varying in
color from brown to black, capable
of undergoing combustion in contact
with air, and not containing sufficient
'earthy impurities to, prevent its being app)i:d as a source of heat.
It is an accepted theory that coal
is the product of vegetable matter,
resulting from 2 suspension of its de-1
Replaces. Th's variety of coal is the
mort abundant, and has been found
in one section of Ontario souih ol
James bay, in Manitoba and throughout the great plains right to the
eastern foothills of the Rocky mountains themselves; isolated areas of
lignite are known to occur at widely
separated points in southern British
Columbia and as far north as the upper part of the Peace river and west
of the Bulkley valley. They, also occur on Vancouver and Queen Charlotte islands.
Bituminous coal contains from 75
tc 90% carbon and from 6 to 197c
oxygen,   and is  more  generally  used
... ,        , ,    ,      .    , ;for steam purposes. Measures of this
composition and consequent chemical!      . . ,���    * j x,      u    u
, ...     , ,    . .     ,.~        .     j variety, are more limited than lignite
change, though geologists differ who- ������+1,01 + 1
occurring in the Rocky mountains and
their eastern foothills, and, like the
lignites, in isolated areas in British
Columbia, and Vancouver and Queen
Charlotte islands. The variety of the
bituminous    coal    possessing   coking
ther it was formed 0:1 the spot on
which the vegetation that produced
it grew, or whether it resulted from
the accumulation of drift.
Exposed to atmospheric influences,
all vegetation decays and its eements ;        t[cs      found
dissipate, but if decompose can be ; J. British Columbia,  and   the
arrested by a natural process,  as by; {       , ion       mi      ,g
the submersion of forest growth, and     , . , ,     ,    . ,...
. uii   ���    4k.       v j-i- 1 which need coke for smelting purpos
while in this subaqueous condition, a | _0 )o n  {���,,.���������+��� ������mhtJ,n+A���
deposit of silt completes the covering (
thereby effectively sealing the organic !
matter against further deterioration,
the first step has been made in nature's laboratory toward the formation cf a coal bed. It is conjectured
that submarine forests have been
treated to this covering process, due
to> changes in the ocean bed, volcanic,
and other disturbances, many of the
exploited coal moasunes of today bearing unmistakable evidences of this
origin.
Buried for count'ess ages under sue-
... ... .   .. ,  1 measures'   have   been   systematically
feeding lavers of inorganic material, I       .   . . ,'     ,.    ,,     '
, . , b    .��� .   B   . . ....'   worked for some years, but the Queen
which nature may have later solidi-  ~,    .    .    . .     .'       '���,. *..'#.
r  , , . ,.,,,���      u-   i_i 4.   iCharlotte islands deposit, except for
fied into rock,, the hex  is subiocted to ...        ..       .v   . '      , ' ��� ���,
.   ��� ' ...    4.    an abortive attempt at development
mmense pressures   proportionate  to *
the weight of the superimposed mass., 11        Jrospec^d'.
and   the  passage -of   time,   and   tho
movements of the earth's crust which
sets up immense stresses.   Peat bogs
afford .an exhibitable example of the
conditions under which nature wotks,
though in this instance the pressure
is lacking. The living plants found on
tho bog's surface are lower down re-
(Contlnued in next Issue.)
WALKEM FOUND GUILTY AND BAIL
IS ALLOWED.
berta these several varieties occur in
rocks of practically the same geological horizon, and it is probable that
at one time all these newer coals existed in the form of lignites. The late
Dr.   G-.  M.   Dawson has pointed out
. , , . that as the foothills are approached
An article of common and jfrom the, plains and thence conti.nuing
westward into the mountain range at
Crow's Nest and Banff, the percentage of water in the lignites gradually
diminishes and the coal passes from
the lignitic to the bituminous variety
and thence to semi and to true anthracite, the change being more marked in all cases as the containing rock
formation is more and more uplifted
and pressed together or approaches
the vertical. It would appear, therefore, that the alteration of the coals i
of this section is to a large extent
due to heat induced by pressure during the epoch of the upliit of the
Rocky mountains.
, ,,        ,    .  ,     ��� ��� , ,      ,      , 1   Lignite   contains from  67  to  70%
tible material which, produced a   arge       , > <        o��� 1    M*
���   ��� .     . u *     u-1. ii     1 ! carbon and from 26 to 30% oxygen,
amount of gas, but which the lessor 1,.  .        . ���   *.   ,   ,   iU ,
claimed  was  not  coal,  and  disputed I " *" a domestlct U,e1' fthe presonce. of
the right of the lessees to work it. I.^e *"��* Percentage si oxygen giving
rt the quality of rapid ignition essential  for  use  in  open   and  semi-open
es is a fortunate combination
Anthracite is characterized by the
large amount cf contained carbon,
ranging as high as SUfc, its oxygen
contents being correspendingly low.
As a fuel for steam purposes and
closed furnaces, it excels, and is> desirable far its practically smokeless
qualities. The known deposits 0! this
form of coal in the dominu n are limited to two points in western Canada
viz, Bank Head, in the Rocky mountains, and on the Queen Charlotte islands.     At   the   former   locality the
Sentence  Reserved Until  Law Points
Are  Argued. ��� Great   Northern
Train Held Up Near Seattle
Tut sday Morning.
George A. Walkem was on Friday
morning at Vancouver found guilty on
a charge of procuring an abortion on
Miss Blanche Bond. Sentence will be
imposed by Judge Cane after the law
points have been argued. Bail is allowed at $20,000.
Walkem has long been a resident of
Vancouver. He is about 36 years of
age and his family is one of the oldest
in British Columbia. He is an engineer
by profession and was for some time
superintendent of the Vancouver Engineering Works. During the last two
years he has been engaged in business
for himself, handling agencies for various engineering and manufacturing
firms.
As soon as court was over, following
the conviction of the prisoner, efforts to
secure bondsmen for $5000 to go the
bail of $20,000 were started. Two bondsmen were finally found at 7000 and 13,-
000 dollars.
Hold Up Great Northern Train.
The Great Northern train which left
Seattle Tuesday morning at 8.30 o'clock
was robbed by bandits within half an
hour after leaving Seattle.
Two robbers pulled off the job, but it
is probable that they had confederates
who helped them to escape After the
robbery.
The robbers must have been concealed in the car when it left Seattle. They
attacked Express Messenger Latham,
who was badly injured in the fight and
rendered unconscious. He does not
know anything of what happened until
he recovered consciousness at about 9.15
o'clock. The train had then left Ballard. The express box and registered
mail sacks for Vancouver were taken by
the robbers, who are supposed to have
leaped off the train at Ballard.
It is understood over $5000 was stolen.
Drowned in the Fraser.
The body of a man was found in the
Fraser river near Cisco this week. A
piece of a letter with a few words written thereon was found in his pocket,
from the Barkerville agency of the provincial government, and from which he
may be identified. The sum of ,S50 was
also found in a belt around his body.
The supposition is that the man was one
of a party of surveyors who was drowned near Giscombe rapids above Quesnel
last winter. Coroner Sanson and Chief
Constable Burr were communicated
with and took charge of the remains.
The closest and most exciting game
of football so far pulled off in the camp
was played Saturday evening between
Diamond Vale and the "Never-sweats"
rognlTed"by"'thrir "forms' only^'whiTe j of Middlesboro, on the latter'sgrounds,
in the compact layers the sturdier |Both teams showed considerable im-
structures alone are to be distin- provement, and the game was marked
guished. I DV some good combination work.   The
The chemical feature of the cbnver- ! result was a draw, the score being 2-2.
sion of vegetable tissue into coal j After the game mine host Mecredy had
takes place by the elimination of oxy- j the Middlesboro bunch work an agree-
gen, which combines with carbon to able extra shift at the boarding house
form carbonic acid  gas, and also by, I on the "elbow hoist."
S. Lundie, of Phoenix. In the bereaved
family are six children, three of them
still quite small. Mr. Horton and the
family wiil have the very truest sympathy of tho community in their bereavement.���Boundary Creek Times, Friday,
May 8th.
Mr. Horton has been employed at the
Diamond Vale coal mine for some time,
and his friends in this section will regret to hear of his loss.
LOO iL NEWS.
PROHIBITIVE RATES
PREVENTED TENDERS BEING SENT
FROM LOCAL MINES.
J. B. Haddad, the Nicola jeweler, was
a visitor to Merritt yesterday.
Mrs. R. M. Woodward and Miss Eva
Woodward, of Lower Nicola, visited
friends in town Wednesday,
Mrs. J. K. Mecredy left on Saturday
for Vancouver, Mr. Mecredy accompan-
ing her as far as Spences Bridge.
Rev. D. K. Allan returned yesterday
from Vancouver, where he had been
attending the Presbyterian synod.
C. B. Sword, fisheries inspector, of
New Westminster, and J. T. Edwards,
of Kamloops, were in Merritt yesterday.
Howard Lawes, of G. B. Armstrong's
mercantile establishment, is enjoying
a week's holiday visiting relatives in
Ashcroft.
John Bourke, an old timer of Revel-
stoke, died recently at the age of 69
years. His son Albert resides in Merritt, being in the employ of Wm. Cooper, the contractor.
Geo. E. Hygh, of the Hotel Merritt,
ha3 started the erection of a sample
room 20x40 feet for the accommodation
of travelers. The upstairs portion will
be used for bedrooms.
A large number of logs were brought
down the Coldwater river the past week
for the Diamond Vale company, and
their sawmill is now working full time
transforming them into lumber.
A. McQueen, well known in British
Columbia lacrosse circles, came over
from the Boundary country last week,
and will probably sojourn for sometime
in the bracing ozone of the coal metropolis.
Jas. Teit, of Spences Bridge, was in
the valley this week. Mr. Teit left last
train for Spokane to determine the origin of a band of Indians who speak the
same language as the Thompson river
Indian, and who are supposed to be a
branch of the Thompson tribe. He is
in the employ of the Smithsonian Institute,       	
Death of Mrs. Horton.
The death of Mrs. W. S. Horton occurred on Wednesday night at the Sacred Heart hospital. Deceased had been
ill only a week and was taken to the
hospital on Monday. Mr. Horton had
been in Nicola and returned yesterday
and the funeral will take place tomorrow at one o'clock from Gulley's undertaking parlors to the Presbyterian
church and thence to the cemetery.
The services will be conducted by Rev.
Wm. Cooper and staff are kept busy
these days with plastering and chimney
building on the new dwellings around
the camp. Several cottages at Middlesboro are awaiting the finishing touches,
and besides these Mr. Cooper has been
awarded several large contracts in the
masonry line in various parts oi the
valley.
BUSINESS LOCALS.
Eight Bulls for sale or trade,
to R. H. Winny, Nicola.
Apply
Vancouver  World  Tells  Why  Nicola
Coal  Company Did Not Tender
For   Supplying   the  Civic
Institutions.
Two weeks hence the Middlesboro mines will be in splendid
shape and everything ready for the
shipping of first class domestic coal
to Vancouver.
Under the circumstances it is
somewhat surprising that among
the tenders for supplying civic institutions with coal, which were
handed to the city comptroller for
tabulation the other evening, there
was none from the Nicola Valley
Coal company. On inquiry at the
company's office it was learned that
prohibitive transportation rates prevented the company from entering
the field, a situation which is the
more regrettable since local people
are behind the enterprise.
The present rate from Middlesboro to Vancouver is $2 a ton,
which means that the C. P. R. is
charging all the traffic will bear, instead of fostering a local industry
by making its tariff as reasonable as
possible.
Fortunately, for the Nicola Valley concern, there is such a thing
nowadays as a railway commission
and the company will be well advised to carry its complaint before
that tribunal. That the company may take this course
and take it with success is a consummation devoutly to be wished
by the local consumer, since it is
about his only hope of a reduction
in the price of the domestic article.
���Vancouver World.
Granted Better Fay.
The minister of justice has withdrawn his motion fixing the salaries of British Columbia court of
appeal judges and substituted one
fixing the salary of the chief justice
at $8,000 and three of the justices
at $7,000 each.
For Sale.���In Nicola, two centre
lots, with house and stable, adjoining
court house; price, $1,200. J. Nash,
Quiichena. 19tf
Cottage For Sale. ��� Dwelling at
Forksdale known as Forksview Cottage
with one acre land ready for planting,
outbuildings, etc.; a bargain for cash.
Apply at Herald office. 3tl9pd
The Diamond Vale Supply company,
of Coutlee, desires to thank the general
public for their patronage at their big
sacrifice sale of Dry Goods, Groceries,
Boots, Shoes, etc., and have decided to
continue the sale until the 27th of this
month. Now is the time to get bargains before the sale closes.
Is Now a O- P. R. Director.
Lieutenant-Governci Jas. Duns-
nu'r of British Columbia, has been
elected a director of the Canadian
Pacific Railway.
Church Services.
Methodist Church:    May 17
���Merritt 11 a.m., A. R. Carrington;
Middlesboro 7 p.m., A. R. Carrington; Lower Nicola 3 p.m.
Anglican Church :
-May 17, Hyland hall, Merritt, 3 p.
m.; St. John the Baptist church, Nicola, at 7.30 p. m.
Presbyterian Church:
���Rev. D. K. Allan will preach at
Nicola Sunday at 11 a. m. and 7.3ft
p. m.
Mrs. A. R. Carrington was a visitor
to Merritt yesterday. THE NICOLA  HERALD
THE- NICOLA HERALD
Published Every Friday
Sutmeription, in Advance, 32 a Tear
Merritt, B.C., May 14, 1908.
THE ELECTION BILL.
Hon. Mr. Aylesworth's bill to
amend the Elections Act is considered more obnoxious and dangerous as its provisions appear.
The bill is very plausible on its
face, but hidden in its terms are
possibilities fraught with the direst
consequences to the white population of British Columbia. The
measure suggests that the provincial procedure regarding the preparation of the voters' lists shall be
followed as far as possible, but it is
open to the federal revising officer
to do as he pleases, to add names
or reject them, according to his
own sweet will. The danger to
British Columbia arises from the
fact that the Governor-in-Counoil
may confer upon the officers to be
appointed all necessary powers in
the preparation of the lists. With
these plenary powers, the revising
officers may add the names of Hindus and naturalized Chinese and
Japanese or people of any other nationality from the Far East. The
provincial qualification may be
completely ignored, and, for party
purposes, the wishes of the white
population may be utterly set
aside.
The bill is regarded as one of the
most iniquitous measures ever
submitted to the parliament of
Canada.
The fight against it is being continued by the opposition.
Photography
Personal, I landscape or
Animal Photographs.
Lifelike enlargements from sitting or
old pictures, finished by hand. Prices
reasonable. H. PRIEST,
Merritt.
"Westward Ho."
Bonnycastle Dale, whose illustrated
nature studies in "Westward Ho" have
attracted considerable attention, has in
the May issue a timely article on the
American navy, being the result of his
recent visit to the Bremerton navy yard
where he secured several fine pictures
of the battleships for the magazine. In
fiction the contents for the month include "The Widow of Baalbek," by A.
N. St. John Mildmay; "Joe and Aileen,"
by Arthur Davies; "The Second Claim,"
by Billee Glynn; "The Trials of Three,"
by G. A. Russell; "The Brain-Storm,"
by L. McLeod Gould; "A Hero of the
Plains," by Charles Doran, and concluding chapters of Clive Phillips Wooley's
powerful serial, "Shakmut." The editor this month has taken Winston Churchill for his sketch in his interesting department, " Men I Have Met." How-
land Hoadley tells the story of Vancouver's new playground���the North Arm,
while Rinaldo Hall deals in an interesting manner with Portland's rose carnival, both articles being well illustrated.
The publishers announce that the June
issue will be a Homeseekers' Number.
GENERAL MERCHANTS
DRY GOODS
BOOTS AND SHOES
Stock is new and first
class goods and of best
quality. Call and look
over our line of Dry
Goods, Boots and Shoes
and you will be convinced that we keep the
best at reasonable price.
GROCERIES
This is one of our strong
suits. A Fresh consignment has arrived and we
can supply the best of
everything in our Grocery line.
Parties building or contemplating
such can be  supplied with all
necessary articles of Hardware,   Material,   etc.
Leave your order and it will receive
prompt attention.
Shivel & Grote
LOWER NIOOLA, B. 0.
WL-
= 3VE =
'M
METROPOLITAN
MEAT MARKET
NICOLA, B. O.
The choicest of Beef,  Mutton,  etc.,
always on hand.
Fresh Fish, Eggs and Vegetables.
T.HE8L0P, - -   PROP
GRAND PACIFIC HOTEL
KAMLOOPS
The nearest hotel to the railway station.
The only convenient hotel for travelers.
Good rooms, good table, good liquors.
Two large sample rooms. Good stabling
in connection.
~\KT.   DOBSOX
PROPRIETOR
-A-   O.   B1.
COURT NICOLA, No. 8911, A.O. F.. meets
second and 1th Thumday in each month
at 8 p. in.. In Pooley's Hall. Visiting brethren
oordlally invited.
Meetings will be hold in Hyland Hall, Merritt,
on flrot and third Thursdays,
T. HKaLOi-, 0, It.
Rev. D. K. Allan, Sec.
NOTICE.
Notice is hereby given that thirty days
after date I intend to apply to the Superintendent of Provincial Police, Victoria,
B. C, for a renewal of the retail liquor
license for the Driard Hotel at Nicola,
B. C.   *
STANLEY KIRBY.
Nicola, B. C, May 1st, 1907.
NOTICE.
Notice is hereby given that thirty r'a/s
after date I intend to apply to the Superintendent of Provincial Police, Victoria,
B. C, for a renewal of the retail liquor
license for the Quiichena Hotel at Quiichena, B. C.
JOSEPH GUICHON.
Quiichena, B. C, May 1st, 1908.
Tho Nicola Herald $2.
HARDIMAN & CO.
Land Mining and General Supply Affts
���rw���
Mining contractors, tarm machinery, buggies,
cut.tern, sleighs etc. Send tor our list of farm
and mining properties. Reports on mining properties through the District.. Cable addretm
"Aurum." Codes: Bromhall, Morcing & Neal.
A.B.O. 4th.
Warehouse���Canford, Niiola Valle   B. O.
NOTICE,
THE attention of the Lands and
Works Department having been
directed to the fact that town lots
in a townsite named Prince Rupert, being a subdivision of Lot 642, Range 5,
Coast District, situated on the mainland
between the mouth of the Skeena River
and Kaien Island, are being offered for
sale, it has been deemed necessary to
warn the public that the said townsite
is not situated at the terminus of the
Grand Trunk Pacific Railway, and is not
the townsite which is owned jointly by
by the Government of British Columbia
and the Grand Trunk Pacific Railway
Company.
F. J. FULTON,
Chief Commissioner of Lands and Works
Lands and Works Department,
Victoria, B.C., May 1st, 1908.      18
UNDERTAKING
Caskets and  Coffins of all Sizes
on Hand.
N. J. Barwlck,      -     Nicola, B. O.
Grand Central Hotel
Ashcroft, B.C.
Everything up to date.   Best cuisine in
town.   Bar supplied with the best wines,
liquors and cigars.   When in Ashcroft
stop at the Grand Central.
GEO. WARD, - PROP.
WATCH REPAIRING
All kinds of Watch, Clock
and Jewelry repairs done in
first class order and satisfaction guaranteed. All work
entrusted to our care will be
completed and returned without delay.
W. M. CAMPBELL * CO.,
C. P. 11. Time Inspectors. Kamloops
SeedsJrees Plants
For the Farm, Garden, Lawn
or Conservatory.
Reliable varieties at seasonable prices.
No Borers. No Scale. No Fumigation
}o damage stock. No -windy agents to
annoy you. Buy direct and get Trees
and Seeds that grow.
Fertilizers, Bee Supplies, Spray Pumps
Spraying mateaial, Cut Flowers, etc.
Oldest established nursery on the
mainland of British Columbia.
CATALOGUE FREE.
M. J. HENRY
3100 Westminster Road,       Vancouver, B. C.
COAL MINES REGULATION ACT.
N"
J   >   01
Notice of Examinations.
OTICK is hereby given that examinations will be held for 1st, 2nd and 3rd
Mass Certificates of Competency under
the provisions 'if the 'Coal Mines Regulation
Act," at Nanaimo, Pernio and Cumberland, on
tho 10th, 17th and 18lh days of June, 1908, and
f <r 2nd and 3rd Class Certificates of Competency, at Coutlee, on the 16 h and 17th days of June
1908, oommonclng at 9 n'olo k in the forenoon.
The subjects will be as follows:���
Fikst Class Candidates���
Mining Act and Special Rules.
Mine Oases.
Ventilation.
General Work.
Mine Machinery.
Surveying.
Second Class Candidates���
Mining Act and Special Rules.
Mine Oases.
Ventilation.
General Worn.
Thiud Class Candidates���
Mining Act and Special Rules.
Mine Gases and General Work.
Application must be made to the undersigned
not later than Fiiday, June 5th, 19<8, accompanied by the statutory fee. as follow:���
Hy an applicant for First class Kxara-
intuiun J10.00
By an applicant for Second Class Exam
in.4liou 10 00
By an applicant for Third Class Examination 5 00
The applications must be accompanied by
testimonials and evldenco stating that :���
(a.) If a candidate for First Class, that ho
is a liritlxh sulj>*ct and has had at least five
yours' experience In or about the praoilcal
working of a ooal mine, and is at least twenty-
fire years of age:
(b.) If a candidate for Second Class that he
has had at leant five yean' experience In or
about the practical working of a coal mine:
(o.) If a candidate for Third Class, that he
tai had at least threo years' experience In or
about the practical working of a ooal mine:
(d.) A candidate for a Certificate of Competency as Manager, Overman, Shiftboss, Flrt-
boss, or Shotlighter, shall produce a certificate
from a duly qualified medical practitioner
showing that he has taken a course in ambu
lance work fitting him, the laid candidate, to
give first aid to persons injured in ooal mining
operations.
Br order of the Board.
FRANCIS H. 8HRPHKRD,
Secretary
Nanaimo, B. C, April 4th, 1908. nolo
Hotel Merritt
RATES $2 A DAY.
MERRITT, B.C
New and Strictly First Class
Table and Bar Second to None
Special Rates to Regular Boarctes.
G. E. HYGH
Proprietor
B. G. BEEF ttARKET
MBIIRITT,   13. O.
DEALERS IN
Prime Beef,   Mutton,   Lamb,   Veal,   Pork and Sausage
Poultry,   Hams and Bacon,  Fresh Fish
CATTLE  BOUGHT  AND   SOLD   BY  THE   CARLOAD
D. McINNES, Prop. I. EASTWOOD, SO.gr
m
COLDWATER HOTEL
WM. McINTYRE, Proprietor
First-class Accommodation.    Best of Cuisine.
Wines, Liquors and Cigars.
MERRITT, B.O.
NICOLA
PORTABLE SAWMILL
Manufaotuuek and Dealer in
Rough and Dressed
Lumber
Is prepared to take contracts for
sawing lumber and getting out
timber.
dieuerul Mill contract.!* Executed
PRICKS MOUKRATK
Mail orders promptly attended to
J. A. MENZIES,    -    Lower Nicola.
LAND  ACT.
Kamloops Land District ��� District of
Yale.
Take notice that I intend to apply
to the chief commissioner of lands and
works for permission to purchase 160
acres more or less of mountain pasture
land, described as follows:
Commencing at a post placed at n w
corner Lot 1328,  marked Wm.  Chia-
holm's s e corner, thence w 40 chains,
thenc n 40 chains, thence e 40 chains
thence s 4o chains to initial post.    The
land is situated in Aspen Grove.
Wm. Chisholm,
per R. Bearisto,
Nicola, May 1, 1908. Agent.
TO SECURE THE BEST BARGAINS
IN GROCERIES
Call at Leonards' Stores, the stock
is all new and fresh and prices right.
Choice Candies of all kinds, Fresh Nuts,
fine line of Fruits, Cigars and Tobacco.
All the Latest Edison Records for Sale at both stores.
J. Q. LEONARD,
Nicola, B. C. THE   NICOLA HERALD
VICTORIA DAY.
HORSE RACES.
Half-mile; heats; free-for-all, winne
barred from other events; first, $75;
second, $30; third, $10.
Half-mile  dash;   first,   $50; second,
$20..,
Quarter-mile dash; first $25; second
$10.
Cowboy race, 200 yards; first, $20;
second, $10.
Half-mile for Indians; heats; first,
$30; second, $15.
Half-mile dash for Indians; first, $20;
second, $10.
Indian cowboy race; first, $15; second,
$10; third, $5.
Indian woman race; half-mile and repeat; fitst, $15; second, $10; third $5.
Slow race, half-mile; first, $10; second, $5.
Entrance fee, 10 per cent, of purse.
Four to enter and three to start -in all
races.
The decision of judges to be taken as
final in all events.
Entries for half-mile free-for-all to
be made before 6 p.m., May 23rd.
ATHLETIC EVENTS
50 yard race, boys 15 years and under,
1, $1.50; 2, $1, 3, 50 cents
50 yard race, boys nnder 10 years, 1,
$1; 2, 75c; 3, 50c
50 yards, girls under 15, 1, $1.50; 2,
75c; 3, 50c
50 yard, girls under 10, 1, $1; 2, 75c;
3, 50c
Running long jump, boys under 16,1,
$1; 2. 75c; 3, 50c
50 yard three-legged race, boys under
16, 1, $2; 2, $1.50; 3, $1
50 yard sack race, boys under 15, 1,
$1.50; 2, $1; 3, 50c
100 dash, men, entry 25c, 1, $6: 2, $3.
100 yard dash, Indians, 1, $2.50, 1, $1
220 yard dash, entry 25c, 1, $7; 2, $4.
50 yard dash, Klootchmen, 1, $2; 2, $1
Half-mile race, men, entry 50c, 1, $10,
2, $5.
50 yard three-legged race, men, entry
25c, 1, $6; 2, $2
One mile race, men, entry 50c, 1, $10;
2, $5
Running high jump, entry 25c, 1, $4;
2,   $2.
Hurdle race, men.    A special trophy
50 yard sack race, 1, $2, 2, $1.
50 yard potatoe race, 1, $3; 2, $1
Ladies egg and spoon race, silk parasol donated by Gait Bros
Running long jump, entry fee 25c,
1, $4; 2, $2
Old man's race, 50 yards, 50 years
and over, 1, $2.50.
Pole vaulting jump, entry 25c, 1, $4;
2, $2.
Putting the stone (16 lbs.) entry 25c.
1, $4; 2, $2
Football kick, (one kick) entry 25c.
1, $2; 2, $1.
Climbing greasy pole, $5.
Tug of war, ten men a side, $20.
Baseball match, $25.
Association football match, half hour
each way, 11 men a side, $25.
LAND ACT.
Kamloops Division���Yale Land District,
District of Nicola.
Take notice that sixty days after date
I, J. A. Menzies, of Lower Nicola, occupation carpenter, intends to apply for
permission to purchase the following
described land:
Commencing at a post planted N. W,
Corner of Lot 1425, thence north 80
chains, thence west 80 chains, thence
south 80 chains, thence east 80 chains to
point of commencement, and containing
640 acres more or less.
John Alexander Menzies.
Dated March 18, 1907.
NOTICE.
Sixty days after date I intend to apply to the chief commissioner of lands
and works for permission to purchase
the following land for pastural purposes,
situated in the Kamloops division of
Yale district: Commencing at a post
planted at the northwest corner of preemption No. 306 on the east line of section 12, Township 89, thence north 40
chains, east 20 chains, south 20 chains,
west 20 chains to point of commencement, containing 80 acres, more or
less.
Lower Nicola, April 10th, 1908.
R. M. Woodward.
LAND ACT.
Kamloops   L/and District.     District   of
Kamloops.
Take notice that William Corkle of Low-
er Nicola, British Columbia, by occupation a rancher, intends to apply for
permission to lease the following described land: Commencing at a post planted
alongside of the easterly angle corner of
lot 1605 and on the boundary line of lot
133, thence following the boundary line of
lot 133 to the southwest corner of lot 133,
thence 10 chains more or less south west,
thence 67.62 chains north, thence 39.5
chains east to point of commencement,
being the ground known as lot 161,
and containing one hundred and seventy-
five (175) acres more or less.
William Corkle,
Barclay Bonthrone, Agent.
Located 11th April, 1908.
LAND   ACT.
Kamloops   Land  District.     District of
Kamloops.
Take notice that Barclay Bonthrone of
Vancouver, mining engineer, intends to
apply for permission to lease the following described laud: Commencing at a
post planted alongside of the north west
corner of lot 164, thence 77.11 chains
west, thence 62.07 chains north, thence
20 chains east, following the southern
boundary of lot 1608, thence 20 chains
north, thence 54.79 chains east, thence
80 chains south to point of commencement and containing six hundred (600)
cres more or less.       Barclay Bonthrone
Located llthApril, 1908.
Clydesdale Stallion
"VANDYKE"
(5329)
A sure foal-getter.   By seeing  Vandyke's offspring it convinces one of the
superiority of this pure bred Clydesdale
stallion.
SEASON FROM MAT 18 TO JUNE! 18
Will be at Coutlee May 18th, Merritt
19th, Aspen Grove 20th and 21st, Princeton 23rd and 24th, Aspen Grove 26th,
Triangle ranch, Quiichena, 27.
Terms���$15 for season, including pasturage. Best care taken of mares at
Aspen Grove.
Pedigree���Vandyke (5329). dam Lady
Vera (452), Nell (b37), Nell, Jean. Sire
Acclamation (4323), Belted Knight
(1395), Clansman (150), Murdock (550)
Farmer (292).   Inspection solicited.
JIM NEWMAN
JIM NEWMAN (2633) 8501
Sire-Pointsman Again (2634) 2858
Dam-Jenness (2723) 7224
Breaders���Ladd & Reed,  Portland, Ore.
Will stand for Service at Win-
ny's Ranch, Nicola, from May
15th to July 15th,  1908.
TERMS :-Single Leap, $10 ;  $25 for
season, including pasturage.
R. H. WINNY.
Dan Munro - Aspen Grove
Nicola Valley Clydesdale
Horse Association
F. 0. PAIGE
General S
Blacksmith
-AGBNT FOB-
Canadian Carriage Co.'s
Buggies
Moline & Spleight Wagons
The famous John Deere
and Fleury Plows
Monitor Seeding Machinery
Frost & Wood Mowers,
Rakes, Etc.
and all classes of Farm Machinery
A  selection  of smaller implements-
Wheelbarrows, Scrapers, etc. on hand.
Bankofflontreal
Capital, all paid up $14,400,000.   Rest, $11,000,000]
Head Office:   Montreal.
SAVINGS BANK DEPARTMENT
Interest allowed at current rates.
DRAFTS BOUGHT AND SOLD.
FARMERS'   AND  RANCHERS'   NOTES  DISCOUNTED.
NICOLA BRANCH
A W. STRICKLAND,
Manager.
LOWER NICOLA, B. C.
NICOLA   ASSESSMENT   DISTRICT
Notice is hereby given, in accordance
with the Statutes, that the Provincial
Revenue Tax, and all assessed taxes
and income tax assessed and levied under the Assessment Act, are now due
and payable for the year 1908. AH taxes collectible for the Nicola Assessment district, are due and payable at
my office, sitaate at Nicola. This notice, in terms of law, is equivalent to a
personal demand by me upon all persons liable for taxes.
Dated at Nicola, January 31st, 1908.
GEO. MURRAY,
Assessor and Collector, Nicola Assessment District.
Nicola Post Office.
LAND ACT.
Kamloops Division���Yale Land District,
District of Nicola.
Take notice that sixty days after
date I, J. A. Menzies, agent for
J. Menzies, Lower Nicola, occupation
married woman, intend to apply for
permission to purchase the following
described land:
Commencing at a post planted 80
chains north of N. W. corner Lot 1425,
thence north 80 chains, thence west 80
chains, thence south 80 chains, thence
east 80 chains to point of commencement, and containing 640 acres more
or less.
Janet Menzies.
J. A. Menzies, Agent.
Dated March 18. 1907.
DIAMOND VALE WEIGHT
DIAMOND VALE QUALITY
DIAMOND VALE TREATMENT
LUMBER
Best Sawed and Best Quality.
DIAMOND VALE GOAL & IRON MINES
LIMITED.
MERRITT LIVERY AND FEED STABLES
A. J- COUTLIE, Proprietor.
Saddle Horses, Single and Double Drivers
Supplied on Short Notice.
First Class accommodation for Horses.
Everything New and First Class.
MERRITT, B. C.
ROSE EMPEROR
(11883)   11801 Imp.
Sired by Prince Sturdy (10112)
Dam, Queen of the Roses, (12302)
WILL STAND AS FOLLOWS :
Mondays ��� Lower Nicola (morning);
Coutlee (noon); Nicola (evening).
Tuesdays, Wednesdays and Thursdays
���Nicola.
Fridays���Nicola, (morning)!   Coutlee,
(nox>n); i/ower Nicola, (evening).   ���
Saturdays���Lower Nicola.
SBASON-MAY 11 TO JULY 11
TERMS���$20 for season, with privilege
of return. All fees payable at end
of season.
R- WINNY, Secretary.
MERRITT
OF 1 INTERIOR
SITUATED IN THE CENTRE OF THE
NICOLA COAL FIELDS
Railway Connection Direct
Heart of Rich Valley
LOTS NOW ON THE MARKET
Intending purchasers will be shown Lots on application
to Wm. Voght.    For prices and terms apply
H. S. CLEASBY, - COUTLEE THE NICOLA  HERALD
LOCAL NOTES
Merritt on May 25th.
Wm. Voght was a visitor to Nicola on
Tuesday.
George Bent, of Nicola, was a visitor
to the camp on Saturday.
Thos. Curnow, of Spences Bridge, was
a visitor here on Monday.
Chas. Day left last week for Nicola,
where he will be employed for a few
weeks.
Jas. Derby received the new? last
week of the death of his father in Grey
county, Ontario.
Rutherford Farr, of Twenty-one Mile,
enjoyed life in Merritt for a few hours
on Monday last.
L. Forschner, proprietor of the local
beer foundry, has been on a business
trip to Vancouver the past week.
The young son of Mr. and Mrs. Val.
Crockett has been quite ill the past
week, but is now much improved.
The fence along Nicola avenue on the
Conklin estate is being moved back on
the line behind the townsite portion of
the estate.
C. F. Law, of Vancouver, spent a few
days in this vicinity last week and is
now in the Similkameen looking over
his mming interests.
A. Stevenson, of Lytton was sizing
up the situation in Merritt and vicinity
a couple of days last week. He predicts
a bright future for this camp.
C. M. Newkirk and family havemov-
ep from their ranch on the Coldwater
and have taken up their residence in
their new house on Nicola avenue.
Wm. Mclntyre is having his hotel, the
Coldstream, painted this week. Chris.
Main has the contract. Mr. Main also
has the brush at work on A. Jackson's
general store.
Geo. Stokes, who has been employed
as C. P. R. freight agent at Nicola for
some time, leaves shortly for Los Angeles, Cal., where he will be engaged
with a large automobile firm. J. Stewart, of Mission Junction, will be the
new freight clerk.
Economy and quality are the two
great business virtues by which we hope
to gain and retain our customers. Full
lines of Diamonds and Precious Stones,
Watches, Jewelry, Electro Plate, Cut
Glass, etc.; fine Diamond Settings,
Wedding Rings, and special designs in
jewelry made to order What we sell
we GUARANTEE. Prices to suit every
purse, and remember���Haddad has it!
Repair work of watches and jewelry a
specialty.���J. B. Haddad, the jeweler,
Nicola, B. C.
BUILDINQ MATERIAL
A complete stock of all kinds of building material, hardware, etc., on hand
at the Nicola Portable Sawmill at Lower Nicola. Large stock of dry lumber
in stock, and 15th of June will be manufacturing lath at $2.50 a thousand.
Parties contemplating building should
get my prices.
J. A. MENZIES,
19 Lower Nicola.
NOTICE.
Notice is hereby given that thirty
days after date, I intend to apply to
the superintendent of provincial police,
Victoria, B. C, for a renewal of the
retail liquor licence for the Quiichena
Hotel at Quiichena, B. C.
Stanley Kirby.
Quiichena, B. C, April 25th, 1908.
NOTICE.
Notice Is hereby given that thirty flayii after
date I intend to apply to the Superintendent r,f
Provincial Police, Victoria, B.O., for a transfer
of the retail liquor lioenso held by me for the
Quiichena hotel, from myself to Josoph
Goichon.
STANLEY KIRBY.
(Quiichena, B. 0., May let, 1908.
FOB, SALE OR RHNT.
Four acres at Nicola, well fenced and
good water supply; house, stable and
chickenhouse.   Apply to
F. W. Jackson, Quiichena,
or A. Jackson, Merritt.
A good place to patronize
Ashcroft  Hotel
Newly renovated. Headquarters for
mining men.. Electric Lighted, Hot
and Cold Baths, Cozy Rooms. Best
Table in Town. Fine Bar. Commodious Sample Rooms.
A. W. ROLSTON, -  PROP
W. H. GRAY
(R. M. Woodward's Sawmill.)
BUILDER and
CONTRACTOR
ROUGH & DRESSED LUMBER
SASHES       DOORS
SHINGLES MOULDINGS
LOWER NICOLA,   -   B. C.
NOTICE
Notice is hereby given that thirty
days after date, I intend to apply to
the superintendent of police, Victoria,
B. C. for a renewal of the retail liquor
licence for the Hotel Merritt, Merritt,
B. C.
George E. Hygh.
Merritt, B. C, April 20th.
NOTICE
' Notice is hereby given that thirty
days after date I intend to apply to the
superintendent of the provincial police
at Victoria, B. C. for a renewal of the
retail liquor licence for the Coldwater
Hotel at Merritt, B. C.
Wm. McIntyre.
Merritt, B. C, April 25th, 1908.
NOTICE
Notice is hereby given that thirty
days after date, I intend to apply to
the superintendent Provincial Police,
Victoria, B. C. for a renewal of retail
liquor licence, for the "Driard" Hotel,
Nicola, B. C.
A. E. Howse.
Nicola, B. C. April 24ch, 1908.
NOTICE.
Notice is hereby given that thirty days after
dato I intend to apply to I he Superintendent of
Provincial Police, Victoria, B. C. for a transfer
of i ho retail liquor liccuKH held by me for the
Driard hotel, Nicola, B. O., from myself to
8tanley Kirhy.
A. E. HOWSE.
Nicoln, B.C., May 1st, 1G08,
C. C. MAIN
Painter,   Paper-Hanger and
Decorator.
merritt, - -        b. c.
DON'T MISS
��� ��
���  ���
IE
-AT-
)   u
1
J,
-ON
Monday, May 25
HORSE RACES
ATHLETIC SPORTS
BASEBALL     FOOTBALL
TUG-0F-WAR
GOOD "PURSES OFFERED
Dance in Pavilion in Even'g
A First-Class Up-to-Date
Stock of Harness and
Supplies, Saddlery, Valises, Trunks, Robes, Etc.
Have your Harness and Saddles
Repaired for the Spring Work.
Barwick's
Harness and Saddlery
NICOLA
M. L. GRIMMETT, LL. B.
BARRISTER, SOLICITOR,
NOTARY   PUBLIC,    ETC.
Solicitor for the Bank of Montreal.
NICOLA,
B.   C.
MERRITT
SHAVING PARLORS
Next Coldwater Hotel.
(W. Mclntyre's.)
E. MACE,  - Proprietor
MERRITT, B. O.
WM. RILEY
General Blacksmith
Borne Shoeing a specialty.
NICOLA HKE, B. C.
The
People's
Store
i
?   JUST ARRIVED
���i������������������������������������
Sovereign  Brand
 OF	
CLOTHING
NEW AND UP-
TO-DATE
IT PAYS TO   DEAL  WITH US
The People's Store
A. R. CARRINGTON,  -  PROPRIETOR
NICOLA
MIDDLESBORO
THE   CORRECT  SUIT
FOR MEN^^	
Splendid  Tailoring
Cleverly    Finished
THE FAMOUS
SOVEREIGN BRAND
WE ARE THE HEAD
QUARTERS FOR
l5
i
OUR STOCK OF BUILDING MATERIAL AND HARDWARE MOST
COMPLETE  IN UPPER  COUNTRY.
���WHO������I������������������������������������   ������ B���������������������������
Spring House Cleaning
Good   Assortment   Linoleums
Carpet Squares and Carpet ends
5000 ROLLS
lr.c:'.T:r-.c.;i
Artistic Wall Paper
Direct from the Factory. All in
Stock. Green, Golden and Red
Burlap to match. See this stock
Our Grocery Stock
Is the Cheapest and Best in the
Valley. The Goods are all New
and Fresh.   Send in your Order
. B: ARMST
MERRITT, B. C.

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