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The New Westminster Times and Vancouver Island Guardian Oct 11, 1859

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 AND VANCOUVER ISLAND GUARDIAN.
^y/^JH^,///^
No. 4.]
[QuAnTEP.I.V (in advance), 10s.]
VICTORIA, TUESDAY, OCTOBER 11, 1850.
[Yearly (in advance), £1 Gs.]
[Price Is.
Tin: following articles which appeared in our supplement to  last week's  "Times," we reprint for the |
benefit of those of our subscribers who had  not the
opportunity of perusing them :—
Nothing could moro forcibly remind us of Shnk-
speare's satire upon the unstable, wavering, and
childish propensities of the Roman citizens in the play
of Julius Ciosiir, than the proceedings at last night's
political meeting. The extenuating circumstance
which might be urged in favor of the Roman assemblage, could certainly not he applied to those who
voted against the motion for re-considering the resolutions which wore presented to the meeting of Saturday
No eloquence of a Mark Antony, nor anticipation  of
I a pecuniary reward could have so greatly overpowered
their reason. Nothing but a culpable negligence, or
ignorance of the grave nature of the subject under
discussion, could have caused them to oppose a measure
ivhich was calculated to extend the franchise -and
political privileges of lhc people commensurate with
Ihe welfare, and progress of this colony. Never, we
jelieve, in any country, has it been known before,
-and least of all in any British colony,—for an assemblage of people to say to their representatives "we
re got all the rights and privileges wo require, and
ask no more."    If we have arrived at this grand
Joint, then the era of Sir Thomas More's Utopia is
iiaiigiiriitod, and we aro lhc happiest people under the
un. Ifthis he merely temporising -vith our demands,
lion what assembly can over put sufficient faith in our
udgment and honesty us to grant any further privi-
at a future day. A groat deal was spoken last
light of experience of free institutions in other British
ninnies, and the mournful result attending their
clion, and the paltry little colonies of Nova Scotia and
'mice Edward's Island wore pointed out as illustra-
liims of this fact. What immense experience twenty-
vc years in such places must teach a man. AVhat J
•isdoiu sat enthroned on the brows of those colonial
olons who wero so eager to become autobiographcrs
f their colonial life. If we really want to take ex-
iiiplcs aud lessons from other Brilish colonies, let us
i the name of common sense go to the proper quarter,
us go  lo that colony which, has outstripped the
mated with the desire to propose or adopt well matured
plans of improvement, without reference to the party
originating them. He must, therefore, be of no party.
The party man is a factious man, and the factious man
is unfit to legislate for a free people.
Every member of the House is a legislator. Ho is a
guardian of the British Constitution here ; the only
constitution in the universe of which the very end and
scope are political and civil liberty.
It will be his duly here to apply the laws already in
existence at home and give them force and effect, as
the occasion and need of llioni shall arise, and to
amend, repeal, or moke loeal laws for the upholding of
the constitution, and the security and advancement of
this Colony. Therefore he should ho intimately
acquainted with that constitution which he is to guard
and uphold.
Further,  he must have  a right conception  of the
the mismanagement of its affairs, to the fact, that a
youth of fifteen, a few years ago, had been appointed
colonel of a militia regiment.
AVe have a good deal of this sort of promotion at
homo, but wo do not believe it will ho prudent to intro-
du 'e tho system extensively into our colonics.—[Sun-
,but
the sj
day Times.
-0-
OFP THE PEIHO.
■iiuractcr ol European pi
oughout it a rescmblanc
I manners, cementing the
and interests, in all of \
t his colony Bland connci
night  to   be in-
In
in n
led.
E
lied
icipi
lid,
lili  that
The following interesting description of the recent
dii .,-trous operations in the north of China, was k-mdiy
sent to us by Captain Henry, II. AL L. I., some timo
since, hut owing to want of space, its publication wm
unavoidably postponed until the present time.. AVe
have no doubt its perusal will give much information
. , which otherwise could not have boon made public.
ical I 28th June, 1859.
I feel scarcely equal to the painful task of attempting
to describe occurrences which 1 am altogether incompetent  to  depict,  in   sufficiently striking and   vivid
vivid as well as correct repre
Uld
general
exists tl
order, a
relation
therefor
Moreover,   ho ou
branch of political science which weighs the political colors, and yet, on the
relations of men. n  Bcienco that in  all ages eminently scntation of which, 1 feel, depends the honor of all*the
attracted tho attention of all wise legislators, in order brave  men  with  whom  1  am serving,—nay more, of
to apply the experiem f the past unto the present. England's stainless flag itself.
And he should also know iho other branch of the same j     As I did not keep a journal of tho previous day's
science which constitutes tho mutual relations of ua- proceedings, I shall confino myself to those of tho ill-
tions, into one system of moral order, with u view to starred 25th.
advance this colony in that "righteo'usness which alone At daylight, on the morning of that day, the gun-
exnlteth a nation." boats weighed, and proceeded to make a last attempt
In   this  way only can ho   possess   the  knowledge ! to remove tho  harriers  that the Chinese had placed
necessary for a lawgiver, because the science of legis- across tho entrance of tho river, and were evidently
lation, the   most   difficult of all sciences,   has   like determined not to remove of their ovra accord,
other sciences, all its sound theories based in practical I     There, however, being composed of strong iron liars
examples, rather than in abstract reasonings. and chains, and successfully resisted all the efforts
Such, generally, are somo of the points ol qualifica- made for their removal,  up to 12 o'clock, when the
tion to entitle the man  ambitious of senatorial honor ; order was given that the men should have their dinners,
to the confidence of the people of this colony, more after which, it was generally  understood, wo should
especially in the present juncture. open tire on tho forts.   Strange to say, during the six
If a Lawyer, ignorant, and therefore conceited, ruin or eight hours, during which these preliminary mourns client, bad though it ho, the rum is but partial und | s
restricted.
Bins
run
If a Quack, conceal his true appellative under the
name of Doctor, and undermine the health which hoi
professes to support.   This evil is also partial und re- j
tret ____ „„_^__
urld  in   its   freedom  of  political   institutions,  and
idiosc rapid strides in social  and commercial great-
loss, are almost on the borders of incredulity—whose
itlucncc  now is beginning  to  lie   felt through  the
ingtli and breadth of Europe, nnd the perfect working
f whoso political system is already becoming the ull-
owerful weapon of reform in the hands of tho groat
uliliciil economists of England.    Lot  us,  wo repeat,
jo to that quarter for example—to the Australian collar of Victoria.    AVhore, c-ven not excepting California,
'as  the legislator or statesman had greater evils  to
Ii apple with—greater obstacles to overcome.   A popu-
Tuiun  which, but  a  few years back, was with  little
Inception  the offscourings of the  British  Isles:   nnd
[ftcrwards, when gold discoveries attracted the world's
ticniion, augmented by a heterogenous and unstable
uple—whore, in nny country could have been found
ich discordant elements—such raw and crude ninte-
Inl wherewith to mould a groat and prosperous nation,
nt out of all this muss of chaos, in the short space of
few years, has sprung a country, unmatched in the
orking of its political machinery—unrivaUed in the
jhninistration and execution of its laws, nnd unequalled
' its commercial credit and standing. To what other
lurco can we attribute this great result, than to the
frfection and freedom of hor legislative enactments.
£20 or Z\2 rental qualifications make representation
Iore a farce, but Manhood Suffrage exists in ils wjsost
d yet least restrictive form—two months' residence,
tli tho tost of intelligence und integrity, being all the
ipiisitcs for n British subject to vote. This, with vote
ballot, form the basis of her political freedom, and at
lame time the groat safeguard against the encroachments of centralising power. What would have been
Io position of Australia at the present time, hud the
ojdc sat down with their bunds in their pockets, cry-
' we are surfeited with freedom and political
tilts, we desire nothing more." Sho would have sunk
that contemptible position which she would have
iritod, unsympathisod by every one. There was
ilhor lethargy nor apathy among hor people, no hulf-
iy or, childish measures attempted to be carried out,
I a will and determination that never rested or re-
ted, until the accomplishment of every article in her
ignificciit political fabric. And who can point out
her social and commercial existence, those dreadful
ils—those frightful bugbears which are held up to
rify the reformer who strives to extend the Franchise'
tho utmost. The matter is indisputably the reverse,
nit prospects, or what inducements can bo hold out
immigrants, when wc toll them our Franchise is less
•onsive than that of England, and that we do not dc-
any further rights or privileges. There is only one
p-holc to get out of the disgrace into which last
ht has plunged the country, in the minds of every
n of reason or honesty, and that is, that the majority
those who voted ugaiust tho resolution, did so
oiigh thorough ignorance of the question or of tlie
Sousnoss of its nature A future and moro perfoct
iiession of public opinion may, ill a manner, confirm
" supposition, nnd redeem in sonic degree the ehur-
i'i' of that portion of the inhabitants. If it be otlier-
^c, why, then, wc must only look to a plentiful sup-
H ul an enlightened and liberal minded immigration,
■ntiise intelligence and progressive wisdom into our
Hthctic and careless population. The confused and
^"•ordant nature of the meeting may bo urged as an
ry for the fatal blunder—for fatal it is as the in-
fitants will shortly find out to their cost—that was
firaitted. But we hold that if even one-third of the
feting hold the sentiments which are involved in the
lion passed lust night, we have too much of the un-
lated-fogy-olement in our midst, to over lay the
diition ofa free and mighty nation, and must only
• as wo havo already said, for tho immediate ad-
lon of a more liberal minded and progressive popu-
ures wore being  effected,  neither wa     0._ „....
iired from the forts, nor was there a symptom evident
that  their occupants wero prepared to defend  them. |
Every embrasure was screened with matting, und not a I
.     . , llc'u' tt'as visible over the ramparts, and this, although !
,,   ''•        . .   ,    .   ,, , ,. I the gunboats were all only from 500 to (00 yards dis-
If a man, ignorant of physical   aws and the great  tant, and were all at sixes and sevens from some get-
leadmg principles of practical  mechanics, should dub  ting aground, while others hud to haul them off, and '
himself  an  architect, and  construct a house  which j the space in which they hud to move being too confinod
tails and bunes m its nuns a whole family, tho calani- j to allow   "
ity, though great, is-but partial and restricted.
But he that sols up for a legislator, unlearned and
inexperienced, destitute not only of political philosophy, but of the art of policy itself is a worse empiric
than all throe, because they ruin a few individuals
only, while he destroys a people.
SIGARD.
of their miinceuvering.
finished   about half-past on
run up to  prepare for action,
PROTECTION FUR OUR COLONIES.
As the parent is bound by all laws,
human, to protect its offspring, so is the mother coun
try, in the hour of peril, under a clear and solemn
obligation, to take measures for the safety of its colonial possessions. If we wish a distant people to look
up to us as a powerful guardian, to oast their lot with
us, and combine, by their enterprise and industry, to
strengthen nnd enrich us in tranquil times, when there
is no sacrifice  to bo mado,  wc  must be  prepared  to
succor aud sustain them when tho hour of need arrives, i „,.,-„,. ,,,■,,, ,.    , ,•-,
It Will not do to reap the harvest, and yet complain of | SteT """tabled
the monov which has been expended in
e money winch litis boon expended in spring time in
committing the seed to the fertile soil. If wc cannot
protect those who have every right to expect protection
from us, we cannot blame them should they seek aid in
other quarters.
Air. Adderley, a very able public man, and who has
made colonial affairs his study, seems to speak otherwise, and advocates strongly the justico and necessity
of compelling our colonists to look after their own
safety, whenever England happens to ho engaged in a
foreign war. Air. Adderley discovers by the returns
which wero lately moved for by the indefatigable and
gallant member for Aberdeen, Col. Sykos, that a sum
of £3,500,000 has been annually expended upon tho
military defences of the colonics ; while the latter only
contributed, ns their share of the expenditure, the disproportionate sum of £337,000 per annum.
Looking deeper into the subject, it does, we must
grunt, look somewhat like a grievance that the taxation
upon the inhabitants of tho United Kingdom, for army,
navy, and ordnance, should amount to £l per head ;
while Canada, for example, with a population of two
millions, pays for its own defences about £40,000;
which would leave fifty Canadians less to pay than one
Englishman. Australia has boon obliged to provide
for its own defences, nnd it is Air. Adderley's opinion
thai Cnnnna and every other British colony should bo
forced to follow the example. Ho directs attention to
the millions which wero squandered in waging war
with the Kaffirs in South Africa, and reminds the
country that the accounts of the disbursements have
never yet been audited in England. Ho contended that
we arc not able lo spare troops for the defence of the
colonies, nnd that if a  European war broko  out wo
Dinner Inning been
i o'clock, tho signal was ^^^^^^
j and tho '• Opossum," Lieutenant Commander Balfour.
with Captain Willes, R. N., and tho "Plover," with our
bravo old Admiral, pushed in, close up to the first harrier. No Soulier did they arrive there, than suddenly,
and as if by magi'', the mats that screened tho guns in
all the Curtain batteries wero triced up, and the whole
of the guns opened lire. Our vessels being all well
prepared, however, tho lire was iinniBdintely returned,
divine and \ and the action became general.
It was at once evident though, that wo had no ordinary Chinese artillery to contend against. Their tiro,
both iu weight and precision, was such ns few men,
and 1 fool certain no Chinese campaigners over before
experienced. In a very few minutes the "Opossum"
several of her crew killed or wounded. In the "Plover'1
the admiral was severely hit; her gallant commander,
R.ison, and Captain JIoKonna of tho 1st Royals, (doing
duly on  the admiral's staff)) were killed,  and almost
While the '-Haughty,"
ant-commander Broad ; " Lee," Lieutenant-commander Jones; " Kestrel," Lieutenant-commander
Bovuii ; and " Cormorant,''' Commander AVodehouse ;
wore so severely crippled that they wero in a sinking
state.    The "Lee," indeed  would have gone  down iat
gone
once, but. for Lieutenant Broad in tho "--Haughty,'-'-
dashing in to_ her rescue, nnd towing her out under a
heavy fire, Nevertheless, tlie bombardment was kept
| up iviih unabated vigor, and in about two hours tho
| enemy's fire-began sensibly to slacken, and although
they had got our range so exactly, that almost every
shot told, while ours, though admirably directed, did
comparatively little damage to their mud"walls; shortly
after four o'clock it became almost silenced.
At about five o'clock, the anxiously expected signal
was accordingly made for tlie troops to land and assault, which was briskly answered by them, every bout
containing them striving to be the first to reach tho
shore. Not a soul in the squadron at that moment, I
believe, doubted our obtaining a speedy victory. Just
as tho first bout touched the shore, however, bang went
again a gun from tho forts, immediately followed by a
perfect hurricane of shot, shell, Gingall bulls, and
rockets, from all the southern batteries, which mowed
down our men by tens as soon as they landed. Nevertheless they all leaped out of the boats with undiminished ardor, (many into water so deep that they had to
swim on shore,) and dashed forward through the mud,
while the ships threw in as heavy a covering lire as
they possibly could.
The enemy's fire, however, continued to lie so deadly
and the mud proved so deep, in most places reaching
up to the men's knees, at least,—often up to their
waists,—that out of the 1,000 men who landed, baroly
liglits, were enabled to discover the exact position of
our then reeling and  thoroughly exhausted  men, and
so to shoot them  down like birds.   Even on arriving
at the water's edge, matters were not improved, as so
many of the boats hud boon  smashed to  pieces by
j round shot,  that there  wort not enough remaining to
I take off the surviving men.    Several were drowned in
attempting to got oil', while many hud to remain for
i more than  nn hour up to their  necks in  water, before
they could got a place in a boat, and even then  their
dangers were not passed, as the lire from the forts con-
tinned  so heavy  that several boats  full of wounded
were struokiiind  swamped,  while pulling off to the
ships.
The " Ooromandol," was made tlie temporary hospital ship, and the scene on her upper dock was truly
horrible. Il was nearly one o'clock before the last boat
load of wounded was brought off io her, and long ere
that hour she was crowded with the mutilated and the
dying. Every exertion, however, was made by the officers of the medical staff, to whom, und especially to
Dr. Little, of tho .Murines, great credit is duo, and long
ore daybreak, every sufferer L.nl had his wounds tended. Every operation, (and their number was sickening), I was gratified to hear, was performed under tho
influence of chloroform.
Our proportionate loss has indeed boon frightful,
■l.'ll killed and wounded. The 1st battalion of Marines
alone, ivhich landed barely 400 strong, has lost altogether 172 killed and wounded. The "Chesapeake,"
2d killed or missing and 31 wounded. No expectation
whatever is entertained of those who are returned missing, being still alive. With such enemies ns the
Chinese, and under the peculiar circumstances of the
case, all such hope is oul of the question.
The belief is universal throughout the squadron that
Europeans manned the batteries as well a? Chinese.
-Men in grey coats, with close cropped hair, and with
Russian features, wero distinctly visible in the batteries, and tho whole of the fortilications were evidently
of European designing. Some of those who advanced
near to the wall, even go so far as to declare Unit they
heard men calling for more powder in Russian; and
this morning, it is reported that two dead bodies
floated out of the river dressed in Chinese clothes, but
having incontestably, European faces. Tho damaged
forts have already boon repaired, and have never ceased
to fire upon the boats that arc still engaged under
Captain Willes and commanders Commerell, Heath, and
AVynniat, in struggling lo rescue tho stranded vessels.
I should have stated that tho "Plover," "Lee," nnd
" Kestrel," all sunk iu the course ot tlie evening of tho
25th, and tho " Haughty" and " Cormorant," (despatch
vessels,) cnjlp next morning, thanks to the untiring
efforts of our gallium tars, the " Haughty" and " Kestrel, " havo under a heavy fire from the forts, been
Qoated again, and are in comparative safety, while all
the valuable contents of tho "Cormorant," "Lee," and
" Plover," have been cither destroyed or saved.
All who have witnessed tlie operations arc loud in
their praises of the gunboat officers, who have all done-
thcir duty like heroes. It has undoubtedly, been a
most unfortunate affair; but whatever befell, no one
can deny that Hfo men did all thnt-mftrtal men could
do. The point selected for landing, certainly appears
to have been ill-chosen, but yet as we could not get
past even the first barrier, it seems that after all, it
was as good as any that wns accessible, and as to the
expediency of the attack being made, at all, I would,
only ask what would they have said in England,—what
would the world have said, had we declined the attack,
when, as far as wc knew, wo had only rascally Chinese
to contend with.
Time, I am confident, will prove that Europeans were
our principal opponents ; and that to have succeeded in
our attempt, we should have had at least 5 times if not
ten times the force we hud.
The grout majority of the men hit, are either dangerously or severely wounded, but I am happy to say they
arc almost all doing well;
The French, out of their small landing party of 60
men, had 15 men killed or wounded. Tho Americans
assisted us considerably bymeans of a small steamer, with
which they towed up several of our boats into action
from the large ships, and also after the action, by
tiiking out to their respective ships, a number of our
men, to whom they showed ever)- kindness. They are
loud in their praises of tho during.our men showed
and sent largo presents of fresh meat and vegetables
for the benefit of our wounded.
should bo obliged to seek the uid of Gorman and Swiss I 100 reached the first of the three deep and wide ditches,
mercenaries to fight our battles, as wo wore forced to which after some iVIO yards of wading through the
do during tho lust Russian war.    He docs not think it J mud, presented themselves before the gallant few who
VESSBIiS  F.N0A0ED.
Coromnndel, 2 guns ; Cormorant, 4 guns; Nimrod,
G guns; Plover, 2; Opossum, 2 ; Haughty, 2 ; Leo, 2 ;
Kestrel; 2; Janus, 2 ; Bunterer, 2 ; Starling, 2 ; Forrester, 2 ; and 1 small French gunboat.
Total killed and wounded,—British, 401, French,
14.    Total, 478.
HINTS ON TIIE COAIINQ ELECTION.
1 sometimes happens in England that men, destitute
'"tgment or capacity for action, find their way into
aainont, alike ignorant of the nntnro and impor-
'[• of tho high trust confided to them, and incapable
iscuarging any of its duties.
i such cases evil consequences are neutralised or
f"y overcome by the learning, experience, and wis-
"hiili are always found to exist in tho numerous
'"bly of representatives, which forms the British
so ol Commons.
"t in a new colony like ours, having nnd to have
a scanty representation, it is impossible to ovor-
"iilo the mischievous results which must How from
ignorance and inexperience even of but one luein-
"' lhc House of Assembly—in which the fewer tho
Iber there is the greater need of wise and learned
' that seeks a scat iu that assembly should bo uni-
would be tuir that the colonists ought to bear equally
with England their Share of tho naval and military
expenditure, because they ure not represented in the
Brilish Parliament, but ho considers it reasonable that
they should supply troops for their own defence. He,
therefore, suggests that the Governor of New South
Wales, as thnt. colony enjo) s representative Institutions,
should ho dirooted to invito the gentleman of that colony to form an artillery corps, and also to acquaint
them that if they do not provide accommodation for
the troops stationed there, that they will be removed.
He would not in a similar way to Canada, which he
states—and we think tlie disclosure is rather ill-timed
and indiscreet—is now greater in population, wealth,
and intelligence than tlie United States, when they
established their independence!
Lord A. Churchill, who, ns n descendant of the
great Duke of Marlborough, is very appropriately
found discussing n military subject, concurred in the
viow taken by Air. Adderley, mill took occasion to mention that the Australian colonists havo observed, with
tho utmost alarm, the presence of a largo French Hoot
in the Pacific Ocean. Tlie French, Lord A. Churchill
asserts, have ten vessels upon the const, and are about
to send out five more, while wc have only five, which
does not cause us to out an imposing figure as a great
maritime power. These are not times when legislators
can, undisturbed, ride their economical hobbies and
propound their theories, ns Air. Adderley must have
discovered to his cost, when he aroused the national
spirit of Air. Haliburton. The speech of the indignant
Canadian contained many home thrusts not unworthy
of the author of "Sum Slick."    He  complained of tho
reached so far ; and out of that small number scarcely
20 had boon able to keep their rifles or ammunition
dry. Nevertheless they boldly faced those new difficulties, und some hi) of them with a crowd of officers,
amongst whom wore conspicuous the commanding
officer of the French contingent, commanders Commerell, and Heath. H. N., Major Parke and Lieutenant
Hawkey, of the Marinos, Major Fisher, and Lieutenant
Alaillatii'i, of the Engineers, succeeded in getting as far
as the furthest bank of tliethiyd ditch, from which they
would certainly have made a good attempt to scale tho
walls had ladders boon forthcoming, but out of the
number that were landed, all but ono had cither boon
broken by shot or hud stuck in the mud. With tho
remaining one, however, ton devoted men sprang forward, throe of whom were immediately shot dead- and
five wounded severely.
A vortical fire of arrows, as well as a constant fusi-
hule wns kept up on the select bund, who now crouched
In tho ditch, waiting but iu vain for reinforcements,
and that any of them afterwards escaped alive is miraculous. Seeing what Insurmountable difficulties
presented themselves, the order was at last given to
retire ; the lion-hoiirfeil ooiiimniider.of the troops, Colonel Lemon, of the Royal Aluriues, who was ono of tho
first in tho furthest ditch, Captain Vanslttart, of the
" Magicienne," and Captain Shadwell, of tho "Highflyer,'' all having been severely wounded. The hitler
was badly shot through the foot, shortly after landing,
but, nevertheless, managed to struggle manfully forward, even to the advanced trench. Poor Captain
Vansittart had his log shot off. Lieutenant QrdVOS, of
the   " Assistance,''   Lieutenant   Clutterhuok,   of   thn
threat that England would withdraw hor troops from | "Coromnndel," young Herbert of the '• Chesapeake
British America, and inquired, if sho could not afford I and Lieutenants Inglis and AVolrigo, of the Royal
an army, what did sho want with the colonies ? "If
sho withdrew her protection," said Air. Haliburton,
" let her give Canadaindopbndonco." This free-spoken
colonist thinks that England has not governed Canada, but misgoverned it, and he points, as a proof of
Marinos, were nil killed while gallantly ohooring ofi
their men. And ut least three-fourths of tho officers
who lauded, wero more or loss severely hit. In effecting tho retreat, even more lives wero lost perhaps,
than in  advancing,   as tho Chinese by lighting blue
TnE following statement, regarding the wants and
character of the miners on the Frazcr, drawn up by
tho Rev. A, 1). Pringle, of Fort Hope, is made public by
permission of the Governor, who has contributed the
handsome sum of fifty dollars, and consented to become
Patron to tho Fort Hope Reading Room and Library:
Four Hope Sept. 22, 1839.
Sin.—In submitting to your Excellency a Prospectus
of tho " Fort Hope Bonding Room and Library," according to your wish, 1 bog to tender you my best thanks
for your support. In u new Colony like British Columbia, such influential support is of tho greatest aid to
useful undertakings, and I need hardly add, gives me
great encouragement in carrying out our scheme.
The Institution contemplates a Reading Room with
I a Circiiliiting- Library, and a Permanent Library nt-
I Inched to it. The first subscription is to ho $5.00, and
afterwards a monthly subscription of §1.00 each member. Tho organization, its promoters contemplate, will
ensure present, and, as far as in them lies, future regard for religion and English institutions. The discussions and intercourse which it will encourage, the
lectures delivered, and the sentiments cultivated will be
such as, we humbly trust with God's blessing, will
unite a mixed population, correct mistaken notions nnd
national prejudices, and prove a blessing lo our township and our neighbourhood. If your Excellency will
<illow mc, I would state our views nt greater length,
in tlio hope of ensuring your confidence and obtaining
for it your recommendation.
Tbo primary object of the founders of the Fort nope
Rending Room and Library is, to offer mental recreation and enjoyment as u restorative to physical exertion nnd labor, not to tho residents of Fort Hope only,
but more especially to that lurgo and important class
of men engaged in gold mining, whoso temporal success
nnd moral and mental elevation, it is our interest as
our ardent desire to further.
Persons unaccustomed to literary pursuits, with
minds uncultivated nnd averse to the trouble of thought,
nro wont, as a general rule, to seek tho antidote to
bodily labor in lower ami loss worthy indulgence.
AVith minors, viewed ns a class, this is not the ense;
tho uninformed observer may surmise, from the avidity
with which I hey devour newspapers, not. always of the
highest class, that their love for politics was great, but
their love for more r.olid literature small.
Moro extended knowledge would rectify this mi.take.
Tho iniiiers as a class are fond of deeper literature.
Iu thoii-cabins may bo founid books   of devotion,  his.
tory, and science, nnd their conversation, tone of feeling, and practical achievements testify to- familiarity
with their contents.
I may go further and state, that not a few of then*
are men of superior position, education and attainments. A clergyman of our district Church, not long;
since, informed mo that he lias had amongnt. his auditors, three members of English Universities. My knowledge is not so exact, but 1 can bear my testimony to
tho position in life of m«ny and unusual intelligence
existing among them. Of course, this is not always
the case ; such a muss of men must produce many exceptions. TiieiniautCAijiHl enjoyment in political diatribes, and books full of horrors, abounding in the
marvelous and untrue. It is to meet tho wants of the
hitter, that I have sought the aid and co-operation of
your Excellency and of all others who are sensible that
real knowledge i3 power, personally and relatively,
while misdirected and superficial intelligence is a weapon dangerous too often to its owner, ami prejudicial
to the State.
Another ground on which I seek such co-operation
will not be doomed unimportant by your Excellency,
(this also is partly conveyed in the foregoing, but deserves moro special mention) we desire to establish a
Reading Room and Library as somo counterpoise to
Restaurants and Billiard Saloons.' The. former is a
convenience and requisite,- nnd billiards a good recreation in wet woiitlier, but these cease to occupy their
proper place when misused, as they generally are, to
promote excessive drinking, gaming, and political discussion. The tendency of such pursuits, personally
and relatively does not require comment. Wc venture
to assert that, the excuses for these evils will not be
groundless so long us miners, traders, and others have
no place of resort in the absence of domestic ties, where
they can enjoy peace and quietness, cultivate friendship with those of their own profession, and others
interested in it, and discuss in a healthy and profitable
niannor, topics of Imperial, Colonial, and local interest
and importance.
Such a mixture of various classes of oar Colonists
and Sojourners would, we think, be valuable to miners,
traders, and the community generally, materially aiding
the circulation of reliable information on the auriferous
and commercial prospects of the Colony, and it would
lead, we trust, should circumstances prove favorable to
her, to increased confidence in her resources ,and the
determination to abide her fortunes.
In addition io what we havo stated, there are negative reasons in favor of establishing our Rending Room
which we do not as Englishmen overlook or underrate.
It docs not exist in Fort Hoi>e, but had it been an American town it would have boon established before.
I am jealous, Sir, if American? outstrip my nation in;
anything. Englishmen have reason to feel proud that
American produce is fabricated in England, and the
solid knowledge and perseverance of our countrymen
are invalublo in the conduct of her gold fields and her
mechanism, »but still we are obliged to own that in
quickness and energy in a now location, as well as in
provision for the tastes, conveniences, and pursuits of
an immigrant population, wo have been hitherto surpassed. In the case even of Rending Booms thin io bo.
There is scarcely a little squatting town in California
which cannot display such provision, filled though it
may be with newspapers only, frequently mendacious
and scurrilous, but still circulating news. In this
respect English, Americans, and Athenians fraternize,
for wo are all fond of hearing the news, still more when
abroad than at home.
1 think there is only one point more which I need
mention in this letter, and that is, our wish to have the
Library nnd Reading Room open on Sunday, between
certain hours. Perhaps this may not be universally
approved of, but at the present stage of society on the
Frascr River, to effect any good, wc must take the peculiar circumstances of society into account, endeavouring to sway, while wo cannot control, public feeling and practice, The miner, as your Excellency is
aware, has as yet few domestic enjoyments and still
fewer tics. AVe can offer no substitute for the pleasures of a well-spent Sunday in a happy home, but we
can offer tlie miner something better than he is obliged
to put up with at present. When we propose to open
the Reading Room on Sunday fora portion of the day,
we insure him quiet and some retirement, and if ho
pleases ho shall have access to books which will hallow
himself, the first step to valuing and hallowing the
day of the Lord. I may now mention, that the time
being about to expire for the first refusal of the building, which I have mentioned to your Excellency and of
which you approved, I have undertaken to purchase it
at the sum of $400, agreed upou, rather than lose a
position so good and so reasonable. This obligation
does not give me much anxiety, for I believe, from the
interest which has been already expressed, it will prove
successful.
In conclusion, we beg Your Excellency will confer
upon the Institution the favor of allowing your name
to appear ns its Patron.
I have Iho honor to be Your Excelleney's
humble servant, A. D. Primglb.
To His Excellency Governor Douglas, C. B.
 o	
BOYISH EXPERIENCE.
At fourteen I was very small,
But didn't know the fact ot all—
Indeed had ninny thoughts of marriage,
A horse, a house, and e'en a carriage.
I thought my heart wnB evor true
To Fanny, who was thirty-two.
I told my love ono hapless night,
And eloquence was nt its height,
When Frances rang the silver bell,
And those cold words discordant foil,
'• Pray, Susan, put the boy to bed,
The wine lie's took has turned his head."
" Father," exclaimed the hopeful son and heir of a
gentleman of our acquaintance, not long since, while
the latter was congratulating the youth upon the
" smartness" of his scholastic studies—the youngest
having attained eight years of age. " Father, I am an
American, ain't I ?"
"Yes, my boy, you arc," responded tho delighted
parent.
" Well, Father, you ain't, arc you 7"
" Not by birth, my son."
Well, thon," snid young America, '■' when I grow up I
shall be able to lick two like you, shan't 1 ?
The poor parent's answer is not recorded.
A gentleman residing in Birmingham has received
tho following apologetic and promissory epistle from
a person who owed him money—the grammatical sequence is rather obscuro :—" Sir,—In consequence of
my not sending to you yesterday I have had a sick
house of scarlet fever which I hope to send you on
Saturday next. Yours, &c, G. II." Doubtless the
gentleman wrote to deelino the intended kindness.
AViiy are kisses like the Creation ?—Because they
aro mado out of nothing, and all vory good.
As angry cook was seen to-day blowing up the fire
because it wouldn't burn.
The fisherman that stubbed himself with nn eel is
pronounced out of danger—having died on Thursday.
'M
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TIIE  NEW  WESTMINSTER TIMES.
'Ijipping   JfiitrUigciur.
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POP.T OF VICTORIA.
ARRIVED.
Sept. 30—Schr RIack Hawk, Adams, Port Townend,
Sloop J (I Caswell, Taylor. Poll  Townsend.
Oct. 1—Sloop Leonede, Alien, Port Townsend.
Oct. 3—Str Heaver, Lewis, .Now Westminster.
Schr Morning Star. McKay, Northwest Coast.
Schr Cadboro, Bolton, New Westminster.
Schr Kossuth, Foster, Poll Townsend.
Schr A'ictoria Packet. Colo, Nanaimo.
Schr Grrtitudc, McP'hnn, Salt Spring Island.
Schr Aliirw Ann, Joins Nanaimo.
Oct. 1—Sir Julia, Bushnell, Port Townsend.
Scha Lone Star. Kimmol, Hellevue.
Schr Thames, Hewitt, Nanaimo.
Oct. .*>—Str Forwood, Locke, Naneimo.
Schr Victoria, O'Mcill Hellenic
Sloop J C Caswell, Taylor. Port Townsend.
Sloop Cot Up and Get, Hoxie, Port Townsend.
Oct. 6—Schr Speck, Jenkins, Port Townsend.
SchiiAfarion, Boyle, Sooke.
Sloop Comet, Alone!!;.-, Hellenic.
Oct. 9—Str Eliza Anderson, Wells Sow Westminster.
Schr Carolomi, Jones, Port Townsend.
Oct. 7—Schr Carolena, Jones. Port Townsend.
Oct. H—Hark Glimpse, Gove, San Francisco.
Schr Reporter, Elgcr, Salt Spring Island.
Schr 11 0 I'ago. Obery, Port Townsond.
Sloop J C Caswell, Taylor Port Townsend.
CLEARED.
Sept. 30—Sloop JC Caswell. Taylor. Purl Townsend.
Oct. 1—Schr Speck, Jenkins, Port Townsend.
Schr Harriet, Coffin, Port Townsend.
Schr II C Huge. obey, i-orl Townsend.
Sloop Leonede, Allen, Porl Townsend,
Oct. 3—Str Beaver, Lewis, Port Townsend.
Schr Black Hawk, Adams. Pout Town eld.
Oct. 4—Str Julia, Bushnell, Port Townsend.
Schr Kossuth, Foster, Port Townsend.
Schr Lone Slur. Kimmell, Hellevue.
Schr .Morn IngStnr .McKay, Northwest Coast.
Seer Saucy Lass, .Millingion Barclay's Sound.
Schr Victoria, O'Neill, Hellenic
Slopp J C Caswell, Taylor. Port Townsend.
Oct. 5—Schr Victoria Packet, Colo. Nanaimo.
Oct. <!—Sir Forwood, Locke, San Francisco.
Schr Speck, Jenkins, Port Townsend.
Schr .Marion, Boyle, Sooke
Oct. 8—Bark Glimpse, Cove, San Francisco.
Str Eliza Anderson, AVells, San Francisco.
Sloop J C Caswell, Taylor, P'ort Alownsoud.
Schr Cadboro, Ayres, Now Westminster.
ftfjc ftcto ^Icsfiiiinstcr (times.
VICTORIA,  TUESDAY,  OCTOBER   11,
Money is the mainspring of the mechanism whence
all progress derives its motion—without its aid neither
could Emperors wage war, or men become merchant
princes—nor, which is to our special purpose i„ this
notice—governors prosecute those works of acknowledged public utility, which are essential to the development of a country's resources. To this law there is
no exception, from the Cape to Iho Caucasus, or from
Magellan to tho Gulf of Georgia, and ii behoves us
not to blind ourselves lo an undeniable, world-wide
axiom.
The question which forms lhostnnibling»block to the
best intentions, be they of tho warrior, tho statesman,
or tho philanthropist, and which equally affects the
savant and the inventor, tho merchant, or the mechanic,
is how.to raise the moans for starling and perfecting tho
designs, of which careful study may, nevertheless, demonstrate to their minds that realization would produce
the desired advantages, and iu this dilemma has Governor Douglas, like all men in power, doubtless long
found himself.   To him, it was evident at the first outset of tho excitement mid unprecedented immigration
to these shores, that law and order must be preserved,
and that communication with tlie seat of labor should
be opened with the least possible delay.    How successfully he effected the former, we have had ample satisfactory proof, in tin, small amount of crime which has
been committod, and in the totnl  absence of violence
amongst the heterogeneous population of those colonies,
containing, as might have boon supposed, tlie very elements for defying authority, and disturbing the public
peace.    Compare the state of crime in the early day- of
California or Australia, and wo find how immeasurably
above their condition is the state of morality, in  these
colonies.   In the maintenance of order, wo must admit
the Governor was well supported bv tho good sense of
the great majority of the people-as evidenced when
volunteers came forward in numbers, to oppose them
selves to a resistances which it suited Tyro militant
personages to anticipate on the occasion of tho "Nod
McGowan"affair,-anaffair,however,morenn absurdity
than a serious riot, and much magnified at the time, by
those on the spot, who should havo bettor advised his
Exceuenov, who needlessly n,,,  the public into  an
expense of some $20,000 to fight a shadow.    So also
in tho matter of communication.   Governor Douglas'
perception led hi,,, to estimate the advantage of the
Lillooet trail, and witli confidence  in his own judgment, lie boldly  undertook its formation, under  circumstances oftho greatest difiiculty-with nut engineers
without accountants, without oven  competent supcrin-
eudents-single-hundod ho essayed to drive the first
trace of civilization through a wild and inhospitable
district, almost unknown to any but himself, and in the
face of all discouragement.    Hero, again, was found
what wo hope may ever continue a bright feature in
British Colonics, a hearty cooperation on the part of
the people with Iho Governor, for several hundred men
came forward, to bind themselves for more nominal
wages, to put their hands to the axe, their shoulders to
the wheel.    It is not necessary that wo should pursue
the history of the Lillooet trail-its conception, it is
our desire to record, nnd if (he scheme which failed in
.execution, merely from tho inferior quality of tho tools
which the Governor possessed, und which ho hud no
option but to use as his agontsrif what was done (und'
much was done) cost nn excessive sum-still   to (lov
ernor Douglas must be accorded the credit 'mid praiso
ho merits, for tlie idea and tho attempt.    For the idea
in  pnrtic.ilar-f„r bus not time proved that had  the
Commissioner of Lands and Works, displayed but one
tilhe of Governor Douglas's energy, und 'followed in
his footsteps, and when Inst Spring, he had 300 splon
did working men, have voluntarily thrown the main
body of his force  upon this partially   made  trail at
which ho has but very  lately, upon compulsion, set to
work.    The Lillooet would ere this have been a waggon
road to its cxtremity-confidencTwould have been engendered early in tho year, and thousands of miners
would have been retained amongst us, who left disgusted at the cost of transit which  made provisions so
expensive, that gain by gold digging, by even the more
fortunate minor, was absorbed in the purchase of the
mere necessaries of life.    Tho preservation  of order
aud prosecution of works, needs means,  nnd this   we
would impress upon the public; for however anxious
a Governor may be to give institutions for the former—
J and to persevere with the latter—he cannot do so with-
| out funds, niul to the raising of these funds His Excel-
| I-KXCV. now thai he has taken the Deportment of Lands
and Works under his more immediate control, will,
doubtless, upon his return, apply himself, and we arc-
sure tlie money will be more profitably employed than
in tbo construction of fancy paths over picturesque
ravines for the luxury of favored individuals, or in the
building of an extravagantly expensive residence for
the Chief Commissioner. The military camp at New
Westminster lias cost more than double .-hat there was
any necessity for expending. It is. therefore, fortunate
hat His Excellency has not ul an earlier period undertaken tlie revision of the financial arrangements of the
' lm .-, but now, that wo trust a slop has been put tu
the . unecessury extravagance of the Lands and AVorks
Department, we think the timo has come for, and the
public will hail wilh satisfaction, a thorough examination of our condition, and with that sound good <omu
which characterises the enterprising population of our
mines, and of these colonic.-, they will cordially assent
to those measures by which the necessary revenue may
be obtained, demanding but one condition—"that it
bo appropriated for works of public utility, absolutely
needed."
Uritis!)  Columbia.
The following letter from an intelligent correspond-
ant, will, doubtless, be read witli interest:—
Cavoosii, September 21, 1859.
Sin,—My friend and I have just returned from Fort
Alexander. Wo made the journey without attendants,
regularly, or, perhaps, more correctly, irregularly
roughing it by the way. -We loft this place on the
afternoon of one day, and arrived at Alexander on the
Stli day, Time did not permit of my proceeding to the
Quesnelle River; but from Iho information, which I
received from tlie miners who had been there, 1 am dis-
poscd to think that, for the very highly colored accounts,
which reached us from that quarl -r. as well as for
tlie reports diametrically the reversi reasonable cause
may be assigned, viz., iu the hiot that the gold is
there in rich spots, whore it has evidently collected,
whilst in the intervals, disappointment would await the
miner, who might expect a continuity of a - prospect"
obtained from one of those golden accumulations, or
who failed to hit upon one of them. .Many men are of
opinion that dry diggings must exist, and cannot long
remain undiscovered. And there would appear to be
reason for this assumption, as much of the gold taken
out of the Quesnelle River, has not, the appearance of
having been washed about for any considerable time,
thus leading an observer to argue that it could not havo
traversed any great distance. .Moreover, gold is found
in the majority ol lie creeks entering lhc Quesnelle at
right angles, evidence that gold must ho in the not-
distant mountains, through which they How, or where
their source,' li".
As regards Alexander there are good claims both
above and below iho station, numerous $8 and $10
ones, and many men told mo they fully intend wintering there, if they can bul lay in u sufficient stock of
provisions to last them until the spring. Provisions
are the stSmbling-block, for tlie miner's pocket is  sel-
cinlly at  Al-
llonds I aro llu sine  qua uon
tlie
state.
have 1
Oi-n American  cotemporarics  nro  over denouncing
tho grumbling propensities of John Bull, but the) do
not do Ii it ii the justico to admit that he generally has
good grounds for his ill-humor.    No sane man could
deny his right to express his dissatisfaction and disgust
at the nncourtoous and altogether unparalleled pre-   dom so lined with cash that he can afford to purehaso
sumption of Gen. Harney, in occupying the disputed
' • Kuiuuer nue3, ami prices win continue iiigii so n
Island of San Juan, when tho Boundary Commission of | communication remains in ils present state.   I!
tho two countries were actually engaged in an amicable
and fair adjustment of this intricate question, and al
the subsequent uncourteous and bombastic proceedings
of the American authorities. But grunting, for argument's sake, that tho grumbling disposition, or tech-
iness, of that " old brute,'' as the " British Lion" is
most flatteringly culled, by one of our " respectably"
conducted cotemporaries, is his peculiar characteristic,
Is it not a good feature of our country ? Docs it not
evidence a determination to stop anything like abuse—
to resent anything like insult—and to put up with
nothing that is wrong that can possibly bo made
right ? Has not this very determination made England
what she is, brought her ahead of other nations in respect of civilization, social and nil other institutions?
It is this very thing, this very desire to remedy every
evil, this attention which wo devote to small things—to
" trllles out of joint," which has laid the foundation of
that great social and political machine whoso perfect
working is the wonder of the civilized world.
The Sun Juan dispute is far, very far, from" Doing
settled, and we do not think that any lengthy discussion
in a newspaper upon tho merits of tho respective positions noil1 occupied by the British and American authorities, would he judicious, but wo rejoice that the
language used by our American cotemporhry has given
us an opportunity of expressing our opinion upon this
outrage, and of denouncing it iu proper terms. The
occupation of Sun Jinin was an act that no honest man
ran justify. Committod at a time ofjirofound peace
between Iho Iwo nations, coming unexpectedly, like u
thief in the night, it fell like it thunderbolt upon our
countrymen, us well ns American citizens. It was
totally uncalled for and unnecessary, as it was directed
against no power then on the Island. It could be to
carry out no principle, save that of filibustering, but
it was an act of insolent presumption, curried out
by an unauthorised official. AVe cannot bring
ourselves to think that the educated and enlightened
portion of the American people will attempt to endorse
Gen. Harney's proceedings, when they aro conversant
with tlie whole of the facts, on the contrary, we
firmly believe they .rill unhesitatingly and immediately
repudiate them, as unworthy of a man in his position,
nnd nn insult to their understanding,, as well as to the
great nation to which they owe allegiance.
Since the above was in type, we are informed that
tho Federal Government has, in some degree, approved
of Gen. Harney's proceedings. Wo must attribute this
to tho circumstance of its having at present only
heard one ,idc of the question, mid if Gen. Harney's
representations to his Government wore us false ns the
statements ho has made, in his correspondence with
Governor Douglas, wo are not surprised at the result.
 o	
l ever
since the Romans taught us how to colonise. What a
splendid commissioner of Lauds and Works old Ciesar
would have made. Wo should have had via something
or another, if his hooked nose had snili'ed out gold bore
a year ago. only ho would scurcel) have driven it SO
straight, as he was wont to do over Britain's undulating
configuration. For four or live months, Ihoro being no
Julius Ciesar amongst us, Alexander will be oust olf,
and, therefore, numbers of miners who cannot stock up
for this period, must descend the Eraser. Alany linvo
already done so on this account alone.
Our route up was by the Brigade trail, which is at
somo distance from the river, and was through a most
bountiful country, grass up to our horses' knees. Giuuo
abounded in an unlimited quantity, duck, grouse and
prairie chickens, the latter yet unscured by the huntsman, if 1 might, judge by the sang froid with which one
of them permitted mo to blaze four barrels of my revolver nt it, ore it condescended to rise. 1 enclose some
specimens from tho Quesnelle, which you will observe
are as largo in diameter m ii pea, and full half the
thickness of a six-penny piece. Cheapen the transit of
goods to the country, and you will open tho road to enterprise and further discoveries, We ore but in the
alphabet of our knowledge of those regions. I hear
that the Governor is stirring up the Lauds and Works
'department and pressing on tho Lillooet trail. Every
minor und well-wisher of the colony, will thank him for
this, as it is the proper route to these diggings.
Wq believe luunyof the mining companies will remain, while others will come down and work on the
lower Eraser this winter. The country between BttoiT-
opiirle river and the Quesnelle, was very beautiful and
evidently well adapted for raising stock. The soil is
very rich und nor by any moans thickly wooded.
Victoria Hospital.—AVo learn that tho amount realized by sale of tickets for tho theatrical performance
on Thursday last, amounts to over £90, and the expenses do not exceed £20—consequently, there will bo
a handsome balance to bo handed over to tho Secretary
One or two more endeavors of the sumo kind, on tho
part of n christian public, will place our poorer fellow
colonists beyond the reach of want in time of sickness.
 o	
I.N another portion of our columns, will bo found an
advertisement which we have been requested to insert
by 1). Bnhington King, Esq., Barrister at Law, and in
doing so, we must request, that as the Attorney General is absent in British Columbia, upon duty connected
with his official position, the public, will withhold their
opinion upon the merits of this unfortunate misunderstanding, until such period us the learned gentleman
can defend himself from the serious charges mado
against his character as a gentleman and n man of
honor.
AVk have pleasure in taking tho following extracts
from sonic of our American eotcinporurios, us they differ widely from the opinion expressed by our friend of
the Pnpcrling:—
" Tun New West.yixsteii Times."—AVe have roccived
the first number of it journal with the above title, published in Victoria, on Saturday. His "printed for (ho
proprietors at tho Government Gazette Office," but
wo look in vain for the names of any parties connected
with its publication. The general appearance of tho
paper is good, and calculated to arrest attention. The
subscription price is £ls 6s. por milium, in advance.—
l'utjct Sound I/crald.
A weekly journal, the first in British Columbia, has
just appeared, entitled, " The Westminster Times."
It is a pretty large, handsomely printed, nnd moderate-
toned sheet.—S. F. Bulletin.
The following letters have boon received, but want of
space compels us to defer their insertion till next publication:—"A Britisher," "Philanthropist," "No Sectarian," "Thomns Estnll."
To the Editor X. W. Times:
Sib:—I have seen tho first copy of your pmpor, and
for your encouragement and the edification of small
would-be wits who criticise its title, allow me to inform
you of its favorable reception where I have heard it
montionod. I am told that its publication at Victoria
is only temporary. If so, we British Columbians will
give it our support, for "New AVestminstor" wo intend
to stand by. Nothing will give us greater pleasure than
to seo the name of our Capital, its property, its status,
supported by those who have influence, but who,unfortunately for the reputation oftho Colony in the eyes of
Americans, nnd for their own motives in leaving the
mother country, have hitherto shown a greater respect
for personal comfort and aggrandisement, than duty to
the hind which sends them forth us her representatives
and rulers. Some steps, however, have been taken in the
right direction, ns far as legislation present and future
extends, mid we who havo boon stigmatized perchance as
grumbles and carpers, will not be behind hand in proving our thankfulness for small mercies. V'our columns
have shown one good result of the Governor's visit to
British Columbia, regard for public outcry and public
opinion on the laud question ; a few notes on an equally
important subject—the " new Mining Act"—may not
bo out of place.
The reception which the new Alining Act receives
among the minors, and the operation of tho Act on the
staple commodity of tho United Colonics of British
Columbia and A'aneouver Island will of course materially affect the rise of New AVestminstor, and Iho existence of Victoria. Under the impression that fair and
careful legislation characterized tho Act, and that minors would view it with consequent favor, 1 have taken
pains to obtain an expression of their opinions, und to
learn from themselves in what respects they considered
it faulty.
Govornmont measures, as we have been made aware
by painful nnd prolonged experience, havo not boon
timely, or distinguished for practical science. In the
hitter point, this measure has to some extent saved its
credit. The minors did not expect any general Act to
be faultless, and satisfaction is expressed with it as a
whole. Whether the sources from which it iscompiled
could not have been consulted before, and more energy
shown in putting tho Aot in form mid placing it before
Iho class most interested in its speedy issue, arc points
on which I leave you to form your own judgment, us
tho minors form theirs, remembering " Jlis dot qui cilo
dul." Next to " cheap and certain justice," every community demands timely and practical, and (when forth-
coining) able legislation ; and the sooner British Columbia has both, ihe better pleased Englishmen will be.
A series of meetings amongst the miners, to consider
the Alining Act, liuve been hold during this week. The
points of mooting wero so fixed us to includo adjacent
burs ; the first took place on Monday evening, tho 25th
inst., at Hill's Bar; this bar has enjoyed notoriety in
time past for tho character of its " diggers " as well as
its " diggings" ; the duty of stating that, while its oo-
• cupunts have improved, its resources do not seem to
diminish, is a pleasing ono for nil connected with the
Fraser, nnd only duo to the miners themselves. It has
gone through a sort of Red Republican crisis, as you
ure aware. But many weeds have boon removed, though
room remains for further moral improvement. Tho
place of rowdies is supplied by bettor spoclmens of
California and America propor; and if the place of the
lawless knows them no more, it is decidedly to tho
advantage of all who remain. Should an influx of
population again take place, wo trust that now comors
may have every encouragement, beginning with British
subjects und passing on to foreigners, but should those
who have obtained nn unenviable notoriety on the
Fraser river see those lines, let me advise them to keep
clour of the country, for the. least possible amount of
sympathy awaits them, while the arm of the law anh
the administration, of justice arc stronger and purer than
when they Mod from hence.
Hill's Bar of the past, has led to this digression—let
us speak a word of its present aspect. The whole.of
lhc bar has boon worked over twice. The sumo number
of men who settled there during the Eraser fever, could i
not  make their  piles now. but like a good book, its
earthly pages admit of more than ono turn, mid yield
wealth to the deeper investigator.    In this view, it has
not deteriorated.   The number of men are fewer than
formerly, but the amount of labor, enterprise and hydraulics inversely greater.    The expenses attendant on
sluicing, though great, are found repaying, and those
I who have struck in deeper, have found a satisfactory
j iinder-criist of pay-dirt.     The  miners' meeting there
consisted of some 70 men. representing the sentiments
oftho bar; tho result of it was an unanimous motion
to send a deputation to the Governor.    Having hnd the
honor of forming one of the number, 1 can lay before
you what took place, while I inform you of the pleasure
felt by the deputation nt the manner in which they were
received, and  the attention  paid to their suggestions.
Let us hope Unit somo others, who are desperately afraid
oftho sound, may take courage    Our chapter ol grievances shall be cut down, and they may rely on being
treated properly, if they will only "show, nnd act."   The
minors made use oftho opportunity of seeing the Governor.    Satisfaction was expressed generally with the
Act, while they represented the size of claims (25x30 ft.)
and the time in which claims would bo forfeited if not
j worked, inapplicable to the working of Hill's Bar; these
i points wero modified temporarily until the appointment
I oftho  ■■ Minors'Hoards," throe months after Ihe Act
I coming into operation, viz.: in January.
The third matter was one of considerable import to
nil sluice makers and users, ns well as housebuildors;
i in fact, to every one in a now colony,  to whom cheap
lumber is next to cheap bread, in advancing their coin-
I fort and  progress.      His   Excellency's  attention  was
directed to iho  following facts:   Complaint was mado
i by tho miners oftho high price of lumber at Vale; the
| lumber hns been sold for u long time, at Iho .Monopolist
I Saw .Mill of Yale, for $70  per 1000 feet, a reduction on
: "$90 per 1000," chargod to the Government nnd minors
I for some timeaftor ii commouced working: the mill at
Fort Hope charges   $00, and   tho  deputation were able
1 to show thai $15 was n remunerative price.   There was
i a lease in the case, and u rental of Sail por month   with
i 20 acres of land  behind   the mill.    Not a cent of the
! lease had been paid until that morning, when 1 suppose
i the presence of the head authority constrained the pay-
I meut ofa moiety.    His Excellency was informed that a
small consideration of "pay-dirt," in the shape of $1000
hud been transferred to Air. 1 licks, late an official, to
'■ ensure the proper working of the mill !    This led to u
1 full ami impartial investigation by the Governor,    lie
took   the  opportunity  of denying  publicly  that   any
monopolist saw mill had been intended or permitted by
the Government; but on the contrary, another 16nse to
erect a mill above A'alo had been granted, but not carried out by a Air. .
1 need not go deeper into thi3 corrupt job. Suffice it
that parties most interested wore warned to appear he-
fore the Alagistrate. They read us another lesson of
the truth of tho Hook of Life and political and private
wisdom—" Be sure your sin will find you out." Meanwhile, the representative of the mill toils the public very
coolly—" It does'nt pay," though nearly as much gold
dust us saw dust has passed through the concern.
Truly, sueh jobs " do'nt pay" in the end ; lot every man
who comes to British Columbia to benefit himself and
the public, enjoy u good profit but a fair ono, while lie
drives his business. Tho public know that largo undertakings require capital, and look for largo returns in a
colony; bul save us from such extortion us the little
specimen above I
I have dwelt on the particulars of. this matter, because
tho Government (though faulty enough oftentimes,)
declares that they do not encourage (as somo say they
do.) monopolies and corruption. As Englishmen, wo
must be ever able to assert to the disaffected or the misinformed of our own countrymen, and still more to
"immaculate" California, that what is too often the
rule south of IH0 is the exception farther north.
I may take another opportunity of addressing you on
miners' meetings, and tho working und aspects of various burs ; meanwhile let us thank God und take
courage. AVhilo we hope bolter measures may keep a
few more men in the country during tho approaching
rains and winter, and propor men may be put in proper
places and not hold too many at once, let us pray that
bettor times may bring a few moro miners and settlers
next spring; unless it is so, we shall havo nothing better to live on than hope deferred.
1 am, Sir, your obedient servant,
Sr-Bs.
Hill's Bar, B. C, Oet. 4th, 1850.
 o———
(To the Editor of tho "New Westminster Times.1')
Sir,—An unusual migration for this season of tho
year, has taken place ; one which will occupy, I presume, a prominent position amongst tho "Arrivals and
Departures," from your little Island and its slowly
rbing town.     The  appearance   of  the  Governor   of
Bitish Columbia, and its appendage, A'aneouver Island,
on the banks of our mighty rebellious Fraser, deserves
some notice in your columns, ns well as in the astonished mind of your fostering ally.
" All right and propor," say the Hope people. AVe've
lived long enough on the moral of our town, lot's hope
we shan't be " deferred" any longer.
If official faces embody measures, wc ought to hail
the official migration with unmitigated satisfaction, for
the Governor and his Secretary, and the Judge and his
Secretary, and 'Engineer officers, and Sappers and Ali-
ners, have boon amongst us almost at the same moment, giving rise to surmises of somo warning shell
having burst unexpectedly and driven them ut last to
their duties at home. Rumors are various, but when
acts take tho place of words, wo shall trust them
moro.
One of " our absent friends," noted for his judicial
method, and the great service he has done as a member
of the "society for the promotion of cheap and certain
justice," has left us for a distant post, on a voyage of
enquiry "into the expediency mid necessity of Sum 11
Debts Courts."
A considerable amount of steam has been acting, as
you aro aware, on the engine, mid public curiosity is
excited. AVo are anxious" to soo what definition of the
" G. W. II." from London to Plymouth will prove correct : " Go worry rapid, or grout way round."
Perhaps you are not awnro that our " doubly-absent
friend," has lately received a new appointment, to
which ho is giving his attention—" Inspector of Land
Nuisances." The object of which is to hinder moncy-
making men, buying up the aores of good hind in the
united colonies, for purposes of more speculation, not
for improvement, or settlement. It is expected that
this ollioo will produce much good; now bona fide and
virtuous sales and grants of bind, are already dreamt
of. Rumor is at work in other directions. Engineer
officers have marching orders to push through river
and mountain, for the best mule trails from Hope and
and Vale, to Boston Bar, and uppor country—"The
promised land" of which wo have hoard so much, and
which (let mo toll you, as tho result of careful enquiry,)
is worth tho trouble, and public, outlay to u few hundreds of dollars on trails. Let us say a good word for
these Engineers, us wo are on the subject of trails.
They belong to a class of men who have not graduated
in the Cnliforniiin school, for their work is well done;
.mil if it is Bometimos rathor "slow," it is owned to bo
" sure."
Trails constructed by Ihem will probably savo perpetual inconvenience and repairing expenses to tho
public; and their performances aro certainly superior
to the work of civilians, for they don't emulate the
flight of birds, or follow Roman straightforwardness.
In trail cutting, we learn by comparison, " that it is
better sometimes to circumvent than overcome difficulties."
AVhether a little more of the "cut-through, nnd go-
ahead system''might not bo combined with "a good
lino of survey," is a question which our military friends
may docido if over they should bo " sent up aloft,' to
Alexander, without rations and supplies left to the tender mercies of puckers, nnd painfully sensible to the
value of present celerity, as well as past certainty.
But wo must allow our countrymen to pursue their
several courses of military duty, and judicial exploration mid recreation after toil, while we return to His
Excel lene.y.
The Governor's  visit has given satisfaction   in  as
much as every ono likes to soo their rulers ai
an opportunity of personal converse and attcntj !"l
public or private grievances.
A'our columns will acquaint your readers of tb»
dress presented to him at Hope, and His Exccfle I
reply. The object of presenting the address Ta°'-|
lead to a public, declaration of a new policy be!'
to be good, but whose light was hid under a bus)"1!
Of this I can speak, having formed one of the aWI
lion. AVo shall wait to see how fur Ihe clear st,*|
ments of your Governor are borne out, by a ranid i
just legislation.
What   "the  citizens  of  British  Columbia,' to • I
Yankee phraseology, require is that, "charity
begin at home, and not end there."
It will interest the public to hear that gold beard
art/,  has  been discovered  in  tho  vicinity of flZj
Some leases, on advantageous terms, have been ta1,,
out, and the  impetus given to prospecting in
producing its good effect oven now.
qll
quart!.!
The quartz, wo all know, exists in sufficient quad
ties: we are convinced there is gold to be found j.|
somewhere, from the quantity of gold on the hunk"
the Frnser,, but whore  to find  the matrix veins is
present the desideratum.
The Government would consult their own intcroiiil
that oftho Colony, and of course, of us all   if a,
offered  several rewards—sny of £100, £ho  £j() i
£20, for the discovery of gold bearing quartz, of 'vail
in proportion   to the   rewards.    After leaving i'l'J
His Excellency came to Vale, in two days. f
The voyage was occupied, I am told, in visiting(
the Bars. Tho Governor was very well received!
every point he visited. Hats were taken off and diet
given, us in duty bound, by the miners. These irtJ
auspicious signs in the eyes of visitors. Some thon<i
destiny would not fix their beds on the banks orM
of the Fraser, but that sweet Victoria would he mj
ncd to, and this horrid country left behind, and all J
productions, animal and entomological, but notmhwj
deserted, for that haven of rest.
At Vale, the Governor's visit led to fervid excitcmes
and   the most   gigantic   things   aro talked of in-'
•trails.    The Vale folks have cause to thank His KkI
leiicy for hi- attention to  this  matter, for trails.»»|
and sp ly, are one of the greatest wants of ounii|
I urn obliged to close for the Bteamor, Suffice...
things don't look quite so dark, and we. who haveU
our country, for the land of promise of the fertileoj
of Printing House Square, though wo don't bless:
veracity, may yet, feel indebted to our own onorgv,!;
a good legislation, mid bless Providenco for brinp
some good out of much that appears evil, nnd isd
hearting.
I urn, sir, yours,
  "SPES.'J
LATEST EUROPEAN   INTELLlGEifJ
ENGLAND.
It is believed that the liberal offer made!
j Mr. Lover, of tho Gahvay line, for the c-lnl
tor oftho steamship Great Eastern, for ii|
first trip  across the  Atlantic  has been r|
joctod.
The Russian steam frigate Grand Admin
had arrived at Portsmouth.
Several members of the Roval houselii
came passengers by the North" Briton, tluJ
visit to Canada having reference  to tlie ptJ
posed visit of the Prince of Wales.
The East India loan has been awarded I
rates all of which are above !)" per cent.
The Russian loan is a partial failure in tt
London money market.
Tlie Government had officially congrat
lat.ed France on tlie event, of the politic
amnesty granted by the Emperor.
Tho House of Lords met at 2 o'clock i
the afternoon of the 13th of August, for tl
purposo of proroguing by commission. T:
Commissioners were as'follows: The L
Chamberlain, the Luke of Somerset, E
Granville, Earl St. Germans and L«
Sydney. Besidos these, the only Peers pi*
cut, were Redcsdale and Lord Boauchamp.-
Tlie Royal assent was given to various bilii
Tlie English fleet in the waters of tn
Adriatic consisted of fifteen linc-of-biitii
ships, seven heavy frigates, and seventft
smaller vessels of Avar, moro than Englai
had in the Black Sea during the Crimes
Vv ar.
[advsbtisement.]
October, 9th, 1853,
milE ATTORNEY-GENERAL, Mr. Gary, having p
•*• licly assailed my honor as a gentleman, and havii
refused to retract and apologise for his offence, I amr
luotiiiitly compelled publicly to denounce him a»
slanderer.
And having, after the receipt of the subjoined lett1
(which sufficiently explains the fuels), persisted inn
tusing my demand, and also having declined to t
friend to support his vindictive and malicious impuU
lion, I  now further denounce him as a coward.
D. Babinqton Rnro
Govebnment-STBEET, October 8, 185'J.
Sib,—You havo now had ample time to reflect uj»
your public outrage upon me—to retract your ofl'cnsi'
expressions, nnd to apologise for them : I regret, i
your own sake, that you have not done so.
It is untrue that I have circulated anything again
your character; and you must now know that il
untrue.
It is true Unit I told Mr. Alston what had aire*
been tnlkod of in the profession ; of your having vi
luted the spirit of tho rulos which you yourself propos
to the Bar here, and which wero accepted by it. Al
this I did with a viow to have the alleged bread)
those rules investigated ; having, in the first instm"
advised my informant, Mr. Wight, who was a party1
those rules, to inform you oftho charge, and afford Ji
an opportunity ot clearing yourself of it.
This communication from mo to a member of tb
body to which you nro responsible—made, too, tltito
gentleman whom 1 know to be on toriiis of closo in1
liiaey with you, with the intent to have the foundati
of it sifted in your presence, in an inquiry strictly to'
confined within the narrow circle of that body—)'(
designated as an attack by me upon your characi
—und further had tho temerity to add that it was m
gentlemanly in mo, not having named it to you befe
naming it to your friend. My answer to which w«V
it is now, that I had done all that was necessary ft'
gentleman to do in tho matter; and I have the sntj-
faction of having this confirmed by the gentlemen oft"
Bar who were partios to the rules in question.
Iu truth you wore very little entitled to considornti"1
nt my hands, in consequence ef your offensive nin'"*;
towards mo, over since I aided Mr. Poarkes by-my suf
gostious, in your attack upon him in n public cow''
an attack of sueh an extent that it became tho topic',
general roprobatlon throughout the town. I i'cqi'ir?
y
at
on to  retract the  offensive words used by you to "'
ml you refused.    I offered to leave tho mutter to'
court"of Honor formed by the  Bur, and you refused*
do the same  Both Mr. Alston nnd the High Sheriff "Jl
you that the words of which I complained wore iinj*"™!
applied to me, and ought to be withdrawn.    And,"10!
withstanding all this, yon still persisted in the ouWj
committed  by you upon mo in tho hearing of "
public.
If, therefore, by tho hands of Mr. Barntson, who be*!
this letter, you do not retract the oflensivo terms tvI",!
you used toward me, although I shall denounce ),(""1
the most public way, ns a slanderer ofme, I desire™
bo spared from adding coward.
I am, sir, obediently yours,
D. Baiungtos R'-**0,
To O. II. Cauy, Esq.
BB THE   NEW   WESTMINSTER   TIMES.
dorrcspofiu'riUf-.
NOTICE TO CORRESPONDENTS.
All communications addressed to the Editor must have
real signatures, not necessary for publication, but
merely us u guarantee of good faith, and must be
written on one side of the paper only.
THE INDIAN OUTRAGE.
We give insertion to the following letter, addressed
to us by Rev. A. Browning,  of Nanaimo; but in doing
go, have to remark that we  consider the source from
which we obtained our information sufficiently authentic
to justify our adhering to tho principal portion of the
statement contained in our issue of 17th September:
To the Editor N. W. Times :
Sib :—Allow me to correct an error or two found in
your issue of Sept.
Cocal Intelligent^
PUBLIC MEETING.
Pursuant to adjournment, a meeting took place at
the Assembly Hall, on Wednesday evening last, to appoint a Committee for the re-consideration of the reso- I Lieutenant Lambe took the character of "Mr. Henry
17th.
I have never boon " taunted,'' during my stay at Nanaimo, with being "dependant" on the Honorable
Hudson Buy Company for "bed and board."
I have given no "legal information " to any ono person of any ono occurrence happening during my residence bore.
I have not boea bought or forced into silence ns concerning any transaction which 1 have thought lit to
approve or condemn.
Erom the representative of the Honorable Company
in these Colonies, (and whoso guest I at present consider
myself,) I have ever received moral countonance and
support; and if Nanaimo in- (as many affirm it is) better than formerly, 1 attribute much of that improvement
to the example and influence of the gentleman referred
lo. I am, Sir, your humble servant,
A. Browning.
Nanaimo, (let. 3, 1850.
 o	
FISHING-.
(To the Editor of the "New Westminster Times.")
Victoria, V. I., Oct. Huh, 1859.
Sill.—The attention of the public has already been
called to Iho liberal system the Americans have adopted
in San Juan Island, with regard to salmon fishing, and
the refusal on their part, to allow persons from Vancouvor Island to fish in their presumed waters.
(As a contrast.) 1 wish to stale u fact with regard to
salmon fishing in Eraser's River, by Americans, ivhich
will indicate the different ideas of liberality held by the
officials of tlie two countries.
Cnpt. Hammond, Into of the firm of Hammond &
Knowlcs, of San Francisco, has taken with his company
of American fishermen in the waters of Eraser's River,
this season about (200) two hundred barrels of salmon,
which are now loading on hoard a schooner which is
expected to arrive hero in a few days, for this or some
other market. The company expected, and wore pvc-
parcd to pickle (1000) one thousand barrels, hut the
li.-h did not run as fust us Yankee notions speculated
upon.
The question for officials and the public to consider
i~ :    Is  an   American to he  allowed to lish in Eraser's
lotions which were read at the meeting on Saturday
previous.    There was an exceedingly large attendance.
.Mr. Selim Franklin, the Chairman, explained at
some length, the object for which the meeting was called, and took occasion to animadvert severely on the
conduct of the gentlemen who had drawn up the Saturday night's resolutions, in presenting them to the
House of Assembly, when Hie meeting hud decided
they should he re-considered by a committee, lie, a?
Chairman of thai mooting, withhold his signature from
tlie resolutions in accordance with that decision, hut
the gentlemen in question, disregarding all this necessary formality, obtained a number of signatures and
laid the resolutions before the members of Assembly,
as the true expression of public opinion in Victoria.
Mr. Holbrook and Mr. Estronach declining to act as
secretaries, the former on the ground of his being a
British   Columbian,  Mr.  Copland was voted  to that
Theatrical.—On Thursday evening lust, a theatrical
representation was given in  Capt. Reid's storehouse,
by the officers of II. M. S. " Ganges," in aid of the Royal
Hospital.    The room was densely thronged, by an ex-I
ceedingly respectable   audience.      The   performance I edition of - ('. 1>. Young's Midnight (sleepy) Thoughts,''
commenced with the farce of "Boots at the Swan." | containing a collection of modern doggerel rhymes, in
the pathetic, didactic, and heroic styles, upon every
topic, which cannot but c-xall the renown of the great
author.
- Must I give way and room to your rash cooler?"
" Shall I lie frighted when a madman stares? "
" There is no terror, Cassius, in your looks."
" Fools are my theme, let satire be my song."
" In Press"  and  will  be  shortly  issued:    A new
NOTICE.
I VfR. CHAS. W. 1YALLACE, Junr., holds our power
•"-*-   of Attorney, will  represent our   interests
Higgins ;" Lieut. G. II. Elliott, " Frank Friskly; " Mr.
Molyneux, "Pippin;" Mr. P. V. .lames, "Jacob Earwig;"
Lieut. E. C.Sparshott, "Miss Moonshine;" Mr. Osmond,
"Emily Moonshine;" Lieut. W. W. G. 15. Willis, "Sally;"
and Lieut. G. F. II. Parker, that of •• Betty." The audience was kept in one continued roar, mid at the end
of the piece iho applause was of the most deafening
description. The next part of the programme was the
"Irish Lion," in which Mr. James took the laughable
character of "Tom Moore," and the rollicking, humor::,!.-.,
and philosophical Irishman, lost nothing of his fun
eliciting characteristic, in the hands of the talentei
office.
Mr. Hint, having boon repeatedly and urgently called i
upon, stated ho came forward with groat reluctance to take u prominent part in the proceedings of
the meeting, when there were others present much
more competent. He, however, felt called upon to dissent from Ihe course adopted by those gentlemen who
had drawn out Ihe resolutions, which wore brought before the previous meeting, lb' considered it was tho
duly of the f'ramers of these resolutions to haw assembled a public meeting iu the first place, and to have
obtained a correct expression of public sentiment on
the various  important questions  involve 1,  and  then
Orn thanks arc due to Messrs. Freeman k Co.'s Express, for the promptitude with which they have furnished us with several favors ; also to Wells, Fargo,
k Co., and \V". F. Ilerre, Stationer, Yutes-strect.
An inquisitive priest having asked a young female
her name, whilst in the confessional, she replied with
as  much  wit as  modesty,  " Father, mv namo is not a
fin."
1 |    PAnTiKs who arc still Indebted for their Tickets of
amateur.   " Squabbs," was made the very beau-ideal of Admission to the late Theatrical entertainment, are
a wealthy, eccentric, and woman-controlled bachelor, I requested to call  and settle with  Mr. Walls,  Union
by Lieut. L.imho, and tho meek air with which he fol- j Wharf.
lowed out the instructions of the grout Mrs. Cerulean    " ■        —"»=• -■■  ,
Fitzgig, was laughable iu the extreme.    " Puffy" was I
well rendered bv Lieut. E. Sparshott, and "Cant. Dixon" I /~i inni-vTr
Lieut. G. H. Elliot, stroked his lengthy mustaches, and ! (J,       ,     , '   ,'
^   I'laiicliard and
C.   V Ell HEY DEN,
«
id
ii
llivor. whilst British  people arc denied even an approach to the troubled waters of San Juan.
THOMAS ESTALL.
P. S.—Priest-ridden Mexico will not allow any British or American fishing in ihe Gulf of California, if
they know it—what fisli are caught there and sailed
is done by stealth and bribery of officials. Will an
English admiral allow this trilling with British rights,
or shall we give them our homes and go a begging.
T. E.
 o	
THAT   MONUMENT.
To the Editor N. W. Times:
Sir :—Seeing by your Supplement of this day that
there is u prospect of a monument being erected at the
corner of Wnddington Alley, to the honor of tho Dictators, in reward tor their disinterested services to the
public, and that tin is the material of which it is to he
constructed, I beg to suggest "brass" us being the
baser and more appropriate metal, und typical of the
inherent qualities of the persons to bo rewarded.
Your obedient servant,
ANOTHER   " DOGBEBRV."
Victoria, Oct. 1th, 1850.   ,
LIGHT-HOUSE CONTRACTS.
To the Editor N. W. Times :
Sib :—Public money, to the extent of §35,000, has
been shamefully frittered away on a set of inconveniently arranged and ill-planned public buildings at
.laniei'Hay. More public money will be thrown away
on the light-houses, if tho designs for them, made at
Hie Laud Ollice, und exhibited to contractors, are followed out.
As one-half the cost of these light-houses is to be
defrayed by the Colony, I object to Mr. Pemberton's
drawings, as causing unnecessary expense, and recommend the appointment of a committee of professional
architects and naval officers to examine them before it
is too late. Taxpayer.
 o	
MR. BUTTS VINDICATES HIS CHARACTER.
" Ho who steals my purse, steals trash—but he who
filches from mo my good nnmo, robs mo of that which
not enriches him, but makes mo poor, indeed."
Mr. Editob,—Upon the arrival of Iho Brother Jonathan, I received n copy of the Alia Californian of Oct.
1st, in which their Victoria Correspondent, in the
meanest manner over attempted by the blackest heart,
essays to cover my name with infamy.   One thing, how,
over, which consoles me is, that iu his heart he is envious
of my position, for no man over attempted to ruin the
fair funic of anothor, unless ho considered that other
above and superior to him.    That I have committed
many errors in my life, I do not deny, but when a person has paid the  penalty of his error, no one,  unless
Ms heart was black with malice, and studious of re-
go, would attempt to force that erring one  to wan-
|<lor, mortified, chagrined,  and lost to all hope amidst
[everlasting darkness and eternal  storm.    No man  is
I period here.    It is of record in the volumes of eternal
ITruth, that perfection on earth has never been attained,
'he best, as well  as the  wisest men have erred—wc
I should always suffer  then,  the  apologies  of  human
I nature to plead for  those that err.    But u few years
Jbuck, one of the greatest statesmen in America, and of
[whom tho United States hud a right to bo proud, had it
tthrown in his teeth upon the floor of the TJ. S. Senate,
jllial in his youthful days, he onoe committed an error.
I't I am acquiring a respectable position in the coniiuu-
1'iily, does  that justify  the author of that slander  to
Jittompt my ruin because he is losing his respectable
(position.    Since I have been on this Island, have I not
■conducted myself in nn honest,  upright, and gentle-
pnanly manner.    If I have erred in the past, 1 intend to
>-,'/ nt least, to  be right  in the future—and  if Mr. It
[the correspondent of tho  Alia Californian, will make
he same resolution, I will agree, for one, to forget and
"i-give all the past errors of his youth.
Respectfully yours,
JOHN BUTTS.
Victoria, Oot. 10, 1850.
"ho following is   the paragraph  which  Mr. Butts
ustly complains of:—
The Hoy Butts in the Field as a Politician.—But
he host joke of all, in connection with this affair is,
he fact that John Butts, our town crier and boll-ringer,
ormerly of Australia, and later from California, where
radnated as a Follow of tho Chain-gang College,
n Sun Francisco, nnd wns long a portion of the stock
11 trade of the press reporters in thnt city, has also
jitored his name as ono of tho competitors in this
I'oqttcred game—Alia Californian. I
have asked them to elect a committee. By pursuing
this step, a committee could have boon appointed possessing tho confidence of the meeting, to draw up reso-;
luiions lo be presented to a future assemblage of the I
people, for their approval. Instead of tin--, the gentle- l
men. in question, desiring, no doubt, to be the first
movers in Iho important matter, oftho extension of
the suffrages, self-constituted themselves into a body to
draw up resolutions, und ask the public at once, to '
sanction them, lie had no desire whatever, to throw
out any insinuations of a sinister character, in connection with these gentlemen's object. But he felt hound
to support the motion of Captain King at the lust
meeting, " for re-considering the resolutions."   Let a
pronounced " doin'il fine" in ifuito a military and patronising manner,     "(.linger," and " McEenzie" were
| delineated by Messrs. Molyneux and Fosberry,    "John
I Long" and " Mr. Slim" wero taken by Mr.  Elliot, and
1 had justicedono them.    " Mr. Partridge," was also well
handled by Mr. Pitman.   As for Lieut. Parker's "Mrs.
j Cerulean Fitzgig," the acting was admirable—no strong-
minded "blue-stocking" could have exhibited il greater
desire to show oil her store of knowledge, and predilection for "lion-hunting;" and the characters of "Mrs,
Crummy," Lieut. W. W. (i. II. Willis, und '• Miss Echo."
Mr. Osmond, could scarcely have boon boiler rendered
I by moro feminine performers. The risible faculties of
I the audience were considerably exercised throughoui
| the piece. Tho evening's entertainment concluded by
"It's all u Farce," and Mr. James showed himself as
much at homo in the character of the unfortunate
"Xiinino' us he did in the previous one of "Tom
Moore." Lieut. J. W. Lambe could scarcely have been
surpassed in his delineations of the characters of "Don
Testy" and "Mirtello," and as for "Don Gortoz," "Col,
Belgardo", nnd  "Sticko," taken by Lieutenants Parker
ontractor, and' Builder, corner of
Kane-streets, near the Church, is
prepared lo contract for or superintend the erection of
Brick Buildings, Frame Cottages, Wood and Brick Fire-
Proof Stores and Dwellings, 4c, nil iu the best stylo of
architecture and in the cheapest mid best, workmanlike
manner.
A long experience in Europe and tho United States,
and a perfect knowledge of his profession, are a guarantee that nny work entrusted to him shall be satisfactorily executed.
Plans, drawings, mid specifications, made in every
style at the shortest notice. ocll-'lm
and
attend to- all business connected with out Firm.
DICKSON, CAMPBELL k CO.
Victoria, V. I., 1st October, 1859. lm
M.   PRAG.
W 'HOLESALE and Retail Dealers in Hardware,
Agricultural Implements, Bar Iron, Steel and
Iron-Mougcry, and Stove anil Tinware of every description. Glasa and Crockery Ware, Wood and Willow
Ware, kc
Begs to inform his friends and the public that he
has the largest assortment of the above on this Islandi,
which he offers for sale at tho fewest rates.
October 4, 185'J. tc
F O U N D ,
"M"EAR BEACON HILL,  A RED  LEATIIE
-I-*  ET-BOOK, containing sundry documents.
and Elliot, and Mr. Fosberry respectively, they would   wUh particulars, to the ollice of the "Now Westminster
havo done no discredit to professionals ot good stand-I Times." )(-ii t-
in;r.     " Dona   Carolcna"   and   " Ursula"   were   nd-	
WANTED.
"MTMEROUS copies oftho " New Westminster Times"
"-"  of the 24th September,    Any person having the
same will confer a favor by bringing them to Iho ollice,
, ate
treet,
SALE   OF PUBLIC LANDS
NANAIMO.
Vahcooveb Island Colont,
August ISth, 1859.
/"\N  and  after Thursday,  the  1st  September   next
^ 30,000 acres of AGRICULTURAL and MINERAL,
LANDS, recently surveyed nt Nanaimo, will be sold at
the Land Office, Victoria, on the usual terms. If any
Case shall'then occur of two or more persons wanting
to purchase the same Land, such Land will nt once be
put up to'competition and sold to the highest bidder.
JOSEPH I). PEMBERTON,
Colonial Surveyor.
DRUGS, CHEMICALS, PATENT MEDICINES, PERFUMERY, Ac, kc,
Ii^OR SALE, Wholesale mid Retail, nt lowest rates, by
LANGLEY BROS.
\TIIER POCK-
Apply,
, . mirably perlornied bv Lieutenants \\ ilhs and Sparshot,
committee ho appointed  and the resolutions examined i ,     ..    ,       ,   . \ , '
_, ,,        ,    .., .    ..   .. , .,       Iu fact, whatever  shortcomings may have presented
thoroughly, und with a microscopic attention, and then
brought before another public meeting for examination
und discussion. Ho would, therefore, propose that a
committee of seven be constituted to carry out that object.
Mr. Shanks seconded the motion, and was on the
point of rendinga series of resolutions and suggestions
when ho was called to order by the Chair.
Some confusion ensued and several would-be witty
gentlemen made some, desperately funny motions and
remarks.
Mr. Hicks moved that the resolutions read on Saturday night bo adopted.
Mr. Waddington seconded the motion, and complained in the most pathetic manner, of the scurrilous
and scandalous way in which he and his colleagues
had boon treated, which elicited the most sympathetic
ebullitions of the meeting.
Mr. Young mado a few remarks in support of the
motion, and composed a very graceful and pointed epigram (containing two latin words) upon a metaphorical
illustration in a speech delivered on Saturday by Mr.
Ring.
Mr. PinwKLi, made a lengthy harangue amidst groans
and hisses, informing the meeting that he was too old
a soldier to bo put down by any such demonstrations.
Ho mado u furious onslaught on all Government paid
officials, which must have been quite consoling to the
poor men who hud 10 per cent deducted u little time
ago from their rightful wages, by a certain contractor,
because forsooth, they desired their wages, which had
not boon paid for a length of time, liquidated in full.
A piece of Shylockism worthy of note.
Mr. C.uiv rose amidst great cheering, nnd stated that
his intention iu coining to the meeting was to glean
some information from the people with regard to their
opinions nnd desires on the extension of the franchise.
Ho was sorry that up to the present time ho hud been
disappointed in this expectation, and from what he saw
ho was hopeless of obtaining any information on the
matter.
Mr. De Cosmos spoke at great length, nnd with a
horrible and crushing impressiveness. The gist of his
speech was that Nova Scotia and Prince Edward's
Island wero totally unfit for responsible government
and free institutions; and by a peculiar process of
ratiocination ho arrived at the philosophical and quite
flattering conclusion thnt liberal measures were not by
any moans desirable in Vancouver Island. He consequently opposed manhood suffrage, or in fact any more
extended franchise Hum a £12 rental.
Mr. Ring mads some very pertinent remarks, considering that if the House of Assembly hud made any concessions in consequence of the meeting on Saturday, it
was the greater reason for their pressing for further
privileges.
Mr. EsTnoNAcn spoke in favor of manhood suffrage,
and elicited considerable laughter by his rather original
but practical views of the question. Ho ridiculed the
idea of being content with the present extension of the
franchise, in a very appropriate manner.
Rev. .Mr. Clarke opposed universal suffrage, principally on the ground that it had not succeeded in
America.   .
Some further discussion ensued, equally practical
and lucid as the foregoing, when the Chairman put the
motion of Mr. Ring, which, by the voice of the meeting,
was declared carried. Cries of " divide," however, accompanying the decision, a show of hands was taken,
when to tho astonishment of nil present, a majority
appeared against the motion. As a number of gentlemen, however, were seen to hold up both bunds and
as the meeting wns in such u confused state that it was
quite evident that numbers hnd not the slightest conception oftho nature of tho motion, the decision cannot
bo regarded as a proper expression of public opinion.
After a vote of thanks to the Chair, tho mooting
adjourned.
We havo scon a turnip at the store of T. Pholan'
corner of Yates and Government streets, which wc are
inclined to think equals if not surpasses anything of the
kind ever raised in California, notwithstanding the
boasted fertility of the soil of that State, and the fact
that Vancouver Island is, according to Thomas If. Benton, "one of the thousand worthless islands in the
North Pacific "—" the derelict of all nations." We give
the particulars of this extraordinary vegetable:—Circumference, 1 feet 8 inches ; weight 05 pounds. Veil
nolmiin's farm, within six miles of Victoria, has the
honor of having produced it.
Considebino that British Columbia and Vancouver
Island are generally spoken of as sister colonies, wc fool
ourselves, us British Columbians, witli regard to tho
hitter, bound to assist her (a sister), finding that the
other " paporlings " are not capable of doing so. Hence
our advocacy oftho rights of Ihe people of this Colony
to an extension of tho Franchise.
Lord Robert, Grosvonor was at Salt Lake City, Utah,
on tho 7th September, and it is more than probable ho
will pay us a visit ere long. This young nobleman is
evidently preparing himself, by personal observation
and experience, for tho important position which ho
will doubtless somo day bo culled upon to occupy in
tho councils of the Sovereign of England's boundless
empire. lie arrived in Sun Francisco via Sacramento,
prior to the sailing of the Brother Jonathan.
Postage stamps for these Colonics are in course of
preparation in England, and maybe expected hero in
the course of a month or six weeks. Their color is to
be yellow, and they will serve for both colonies, thus
facilitating arrangements belwccn the semi-united
domi-severod sisters.
themselves, there is no doubt that tho greatest credit is
duo to the performers for succeeding so well in keeping
the audience in a continued roar of merriment, considering Ihe thousand and one difficulties to bo contended
against with regard to the cramped and confined state
of the stage, und the want of room behind the scones,
and the rather crowded condition of the audience, wo
have only one little detect to notice, in the otherwise
first-rate acting of Mr. James, and that is rather too
quick utterance. There are, however, very few amateur
companies possessing such an array of histrionic talent
us the officers of the " Ganges," and we hope that the
inhabitants of Victoria will have the pleasure of witnessing a series of such entertainments as were given
on Thursday evening, without the discomforts attending
a densely crowded room. The scenery, which was
paintod by Lieut. Elliot, reflects the greatest credit on
that gentleman. The arrangements on the whole wero
creditable, considering the inconveniences and difficulties to he overcome. We regretted exceedingly lluit
the apartment was not Sufficiently largo to have given
elfoet to the splendid bund which formed the orchestra.
We hope, however, that some larger and more commodious place will be selected on any future occasion, not only with a view to remedying this defect,
but to afford sufficient room for the large and respectable audiences which must always attend so talented
and amusing performances.
RuHOB.—Philip Niml, Esq., is said to have been nominated to the appointment of Colonial Secretary of Vancouver Island.
Tut: Great Eastern was about (o start on her first
trip. Sho will call at Sydney nnd Melbourne, and go
from thence to Calcutta, and it is expected that she
will arrive at tho hitter place in 33 days from the time
of her departure from London.
The clipper ship " Aliee Thorndyko" arrived nt Esquimalt yesterday morning, and will sail to-morrow for
Melbourne, carrying a mail for all parts of Australasia.
His Excellency Gov. Douglas is expected to return to
Victoria by the Eliza Anderson.
Gold Dcst.—Tho steamship Brother Jonathan arrived at Esquimalt  yestorday morning,  and loft  at 4
in., with n largo number of passengers and $17,000
dust.
in gol
The U. S. Mail steamer Panama, arrived at Esquimalt
this morning, and will sail at noon, for San Francisco.
 o	
PABODV  ON   VOlTNli's  SLEEPY  THOUGHTS
The weeping   Willow's-tonc is heard to growl  and
moan,
At being styled a paltry newspaperling;—
If Jefferson Brick had a skull not quite so thick
He would never expose himself or his spleen.
llabitl Inidligrittt.
II. M. S. Plumper, dipt. Richards, sailed on Monday
morning for survey duty, above Naiiniino. She will
probably be absent a mouth.
IlEIt MAJESTY'S VESSELS IN ESQUIMALT HARBOR.
GANGES, flag-ship, Capt. Fulford.
Pvlapes, Capt. Do Courcy.
Tribune, dipt. Hornby.
n. M. Satellite, Capt. Provost, is at San Juan, representing a British force at the disputed island.
IIeii Majesty's ship lhc Cossack, 21 guns, screw steam
corvette, Captain Richard Moorman, was recently Inspected at Shoerncss, by the Oommandor-in-ohlef, Vice-
Admlral Edward Harvey. The crow wero paid two
mouths' wages in advance before loaving the ship. The
Admiral remarked upon the very rapid progress mado
in manning and fitting the ship, nnd upon tho very
efficient state of the ship's company though so short
a time entered. The bout lowering apparatus, the
invention of Captain Augustus P. Kynnston. It. N..
0. B., was also tested, and received the approbation of
the Commander-in-chief. The timo occupied, from the
period when the cutter's crew of twelve men and the
coxswain wero piped away, to the time of their manning
the cutter, and her being clear of the ship, was only two
minutes. The Cossack subsequently proceeded on a
trial trip, after which sho returned to the Little Norc,
whence, in compliance with an Admiralty order to proceed direct to Plymouth, she left on Saturday, lifter sa-
luting the Commander-in-chief, who, on leaving her,
said that everything was in excellent order, and the
ship was in such a state of discipline, that she appeared moro like a ship returning from n station, than
one only six weeks in commission.
The Cossack arrived in Plymouth Sound on Tuesday
morning; oil'tho coast, between Portsmouth and Portland, at four o'clock in the morning, she passed a Russian two-docker, going up Channel, The Cossack is
bound to Vancouver Island, with the gnn-boiits Grappler
and Forward, which were in the Hound waiting hor arrival. Captain Moorman and his crow fully merit the
eulogy of the Admiral; a smarter or more efficient crew,
in every respect, perhaps, iverc never shipped in so short
n period in her Majesty's navy, many of them having
served in tho Naval Brigade, and the Baltic and Black
Sou fleets.
'jfiusiitcss Jlirrrtorn.
HENRY MANLEV, M. D.
Surgeon, kc
^FFICE  In  Trounce's-alley,   between   Government
and Yates-stroet, Victoria.
MR. JOHN COPLAND, LAW  CHAMBERS.
rpOWN LOTS, in various quarters, and farming lands
*■  for sale.     Money to loan on real estate,  in town.
Debts   collected,
adjusted.
Accounts
and Average Statements
lm
IT1   PHELAN, cornci of Yntcs and Government-streets
■*■« Victoria, dealer in Groceri
and Glassware.
es, Provisions, Crockery,
tc'
s
\MUEL   PRICE   k  CO.,  Commission   Merchants)
^   Wharf-streeet, Victoria, Vancouver Island.      oclt
SOUTIIGATE k MITCHELL
COMMISSION MERCHANTS, Albert Wharf, Victoria,
Vancouver Island, and Battery-street, San Francisco, California.
JD. CARROLL, Yates-strcet, between  Wharf and
• Government-streets, Importer and Wholesale and
Retail dealer in Wines und Liquors. tc
ROBERTSON STEWART k CO.,
COMMISSION   MERCHANTS,   Victoria,   Vancouver
Island.
DICKSON, CAMPBELL, k CO.,
0MMISSI0N   MERCHANTS,   Corner  Wharf
.Johnston-streets,  Victoria,   V.    I.    Dickson,
Wolf k Co., Merchant-street, San Francisco.
oc
ami
De
A
MODEST! I
The Colonist, of Friday says (speaking oftho political
meeting on Wednesday hist,)* Messrs. Alston, Hicks,
Pidwell, Clarke, and~/?rt3>iono**spoke well nnd sensiibly,
4c It is evident our friend the Editor of the Colonist
is not in want ofa "trumpctov".
FOR   SALE
By  the   undersigned.
Now landing    ex Fnny  Major,
LARGE assortment of Hardware, including Anvils,
Vices, and all kinds of siuith.s tools, Grindstones,
Horse shoes, Horse Nails, Wedges, Hollowware, Spades,
Hoes, Rakes, Rim Locks, and a variety of other Hard-
ALFRED FELLOWS.
NATHAN   POINTER,
Importer and Dealer in Messrs. Davis' and Jones'
PATENT SHIRTS, of New York,
—AND—
L. Atkinson's Improved Shoulder Seam Patem
SHIRTS, ot Philadelphia.
JUST received the latest Btylcs of BALTIC SHIRTS
direct from London.     Also,   a   fine   lot of pure
Baltic Stockings and Hose, gent's Shaker Flannel, Undershirts and Drawers.
A magnificent assortment of gent's silk Scarfs,
A full  assortment of gent's siiperfino   Manchester
GINGHAM SHIRTS,
ON YATES STREET,
Opposite the Bunk of B. N. A.,
V I C T O R I A ,   V .   1 .
He is now prepared to offer the largest  assortment  o
GENTLEMEN'S FURNISHING GOODS,
ever exhibited  in Victoria, comprising nil tho
latest styles of tho celebrated Davis mid
Jones superfine patent white mid colored   SHIRTS.
And  is  receiving by every  sleiiiuor those   beautiful
BYRON SHIRTS of all sizes, running from 13 to 20
inches iirouud the neck.
I shall reccivo Fresh Goods by every arrival from
London.
Ladies and Gentlemen's Kid Gloves.
WE STUDY TO PLEASE.
Business hours from G A. M. to 10 P. M.
October 4, 1850.
CAMPHENI
For Solo, at lowest rate?, by
Langley Brob.
QUICKBILVER AND ACIDS
For Sale, n4, lowest rates, Iry
Langley Buos.
SPERM,  LINSEED,   CHINA,  POLAR,   LARD,   AND'
SHARK OILS,
For Sale, at lowest rates, by
Langley Buos.
SUPREME COURT OF CIVIL JUSTICE OF BRITISH
COLUMBIA.
COLEMAN  VS.  SOLOMON.
INSOLVENT.—NOTICE is hereby given that Mosks
Solomon, formerly of the firm of Solomon & Cunrrill,
ut Lytton, afterward engaged with mules, above Lytton,
and lately a prisoner at Langley Jail, for non-payment
of u debt duo lo Charles Coleman, the plaintiff in the
above suit, did on the 12th September, inst., present
his petition to this Court, praying the benefit of the
Act for the relief of insolvent debtors and to bo discharged from custody, as an insolvent debtor, and that
all his pstnte, rout and personal, might bo vested in an
assignee for the benefit of his creditors.
And Notice is hereby further given that the- sard
Moses Solomon is to tile his Schedule as required by the
said act of Parliament, on or before the 2lith day ot
September, inst., with E, llowiiud Sanders, Esquire, a
deputy registrar of this court, and, further, is to appear
and be, examined personally before this Court, at Fort
Yule, on the 16th October, next.
By order
ARTHUR T. BUSIIBY,
Fort Hope, B. C, Sept. 13, 1850. Rcgistra
BANK   OF   BRITISH   NORTH   AMERICA.
Established in   1830.
Incorporated by Royal Cbartcrin 1'8£0.
CAPITAL 11,000,000.
i) i a b o t o n s r
John Blo.vum Elin, Esq.
Oliver Farrcr, Esq.
Alex. Gillespie, Esq.
Sir A. Pellet Green, R. N.
Francis Lc Breton, Esq.
John Ranking, Esq.
co u nT   OF
Henry Burnowull, Esq.
Thomas II. Brooking, Esq
Robert Carter, Esq.
William Chapman, Esq.
William R. Chapman, Esq.
JaiucsJohn Cummins, Esq.
seciibtabv:
Charles M'Nub, Esq.
rankers ;
The Bank of England,
Messrs. Glyn, Mills k Co.
•
ESTABLISHMENTS in THE COLONIES.
Geneiial Manaukr, Thomas Paton, Esq.
Quebec, Canada.
MoNTllEAL,
do
Ottawa,
do
Kingston,
do
Touonto,
do
Hamilton,
do
Dundas, Canada.
BltANTFORD,     do
London, do
St. Johns, New Brunswick,
Halifax, Nova Scotia, and
Victoria, V. I.
AGENTS IN  NEW YORK :
Messrs. It. 0. Forgnsson, F. II. Grain, 4 C. P. Smith
29 William Street.
VICTORIA BRANCH.
Temporary Offices,  Government Street.
Gold Dust and Bills of Exchange Purchased.
DRAFTS ISSUED ON
LONDON)
New York,
San Francisco,
Canada,
New Brunswick,
Nova Scotia, and
Branches of tho Provincial Bark of Irkmrd,
National Bask of Scotland.
Ollice hours—10 a. in. to 3 p. m.; and Saturday,
10 a. m. io 1 p.m.
F. W. WOOD, Manager.
On  tin
mid Ih
C 11 E A P    F U E L I !
GREAT REDUCTION IN THE  PRICE OF COALS I!
mo enable fnmilies to supply themselves with  Fuel
or the approaching winter, wo shall, until further notice, sell the best
NANAIMO COALS,
in quantities of one Ton and upwards at Twelve dollars
per ton of 2,240 pounds.
JOHN   T.   LITTLE   k   CO.,
Agent Victoria Coal Company.
Victoria, September 23, 1839.
VANCOUVER ISLAND COLONY.
notice of public works.
Land Ollice, Victoria, )
iVugust 24th, 1859.  /
TENDERS in writing, will be rocoived at this office,
for the erection of the whole or portion of either
or both of TWO LIGHTHOUSES, to be erected—one
on Flsguard Rock, in Esquimalt Harbor, and the other
on Race Rock.    Blasting required.
Plans and Specifications at the Land Office.
The lowest or any Tender not necessarily acceptod.
JOSEPH D. PEMBERTON.
TREASURY.
rjlBNDERS are invited for BILLS in sums not less
J- than £250, drawn on the LORDS COMMISSIONERS
of Her Majesty's Treasury, London.
W. DRISCOLL GOSSET,
Treasurer.
September 7th, 1859.
VULCAN   IRON   WORKS   CO.
1. A. Monkhouse, P. Torquet,
S. Aitkcn, C. R. Steigor.
STEAM ENGINE  BUILDERS, Boiler Makers, Iron
Founders, and General Engineers, First Street, near
Gas Works, San Francisco.
Steamboat Machinery built and repaired; also, Saw,
Flour, and Quartz Mills, Pumping and Mining Machinery, 4c, 4c.
Proprietors of Morse's Putent Fire Grates.
Right to Manufacture Tyler's Patent Scroll Water
Wheel.
E. H. King, Agent in Victoria.
^
i i
1
-I
m
I ■IMffiVWiMMVI
THE  NEW  WESTMINSTER TIMES.
ffi
a
Citrratiirc.
THE U 111; TO  HER HUSBAND.
You   took mo, dearest, when a girl,  to your home
and heart,
T
■• Nonsense, vou cannot mean it I I will not really assist in so ridiculous a plot—it is too absurd, you never
cm accomplish it."
••ill,, vi,. I cm. I have arranged il all. Wc goby
mail, and take no si rvant, so II will be easily managed,
and 1 shall enjoy il above all things, for the chances are
or before wo shall  eet used to
To bear, in all your after fate, a fond and faithful part;    vrc shall  greatly  blunder before we shall  get u»ca in
And loll inc. have 1 over tried that duty to forego,       ' our ""'•' situations.    I should no   wonder if     uncon-
Or pined there was not joy for me when you were j scions!)- become stiff, reserved, and stately, in tuc pia -
sunk in woo? <wllcrc ''"' monarch of all I survey, whilst you. unop-
glee.
For though  you're nothing to the world, you're
the world to me.
No 1 I would rather share your tear than any other's ! Prcssed ''-v ,1"' w";""l'' of 'li-',,;'-'' :'" ,flrl.'s C0?nel '",'""
J I duces,  and  exhilirated by the  fresh air und counti)
nH I sports, may perchance give way to the wild spirits and
love of fun ivhich have hitherto been nn distinguishing
characteristics."
You  make a palace of my sued, this rough-hewn !     Two davs after the above conversation, in which, as
bench a throne, we have "shown, Lord St. Clair came oil' victorious, a
There's sunlight forme in your smiles, and music    handsome curricle and pair stood at the gate  of the
in your tone. "' southern lodge of Graham Court Park, waiting to re-
I look upon you in your sleep,—my eyes with tears I echo the nolle cousins, who were every moment ex-
grow dim, ; pected to arrive : ami much preparation had been made,
I cry oh I Parent of the poor, look down from Heaven   and   many bright  anticipations   formed by  the old
on him.                                                                       | servnnt   und   delighted  housekeeper,  who went about
Behold him toil from day to day, exhausting strength ■ from room to room, placing and replacing all the lighter
nnd soul, articles of furniture, and taxing her memory to recall
Oh, look with mercy on him, Lord, for thou canst j nil the tastes and habits of the child she loved j totally
make him whole.
And when at last, returning sloop has on ni) eyelids
smiled,
How oft are they forbade to close in slumber by our
chill?
1 lake the little murmurcr that spoils mv span of
rosl;
And foci il is a purl of thee I lull upon my breast.
There's only  ono  return 1 crave,  I may not  need il
long,
And il may sooth tlico when I'm whore the wretched
feel no wrong.
forgi il'ul of (he lapse of time, or that the infant sho hud
fondled on her knee had crown into a tall and handsome
- h during those ten v.-.<^ that had glided so peacefully fwe on ii head, ns to leave scarcely a trace behind.
Al length the sound of wheels was heard, tho mail
approached and slopped, the two young men descended
from it, ami Jnmcs, Iho wcll-rcincinbcrcd groom, recoiled a nod from Lord St. Clair and a friendly grnsp
fr   Un-  hand  of Alfred, who,  turning toward.- Iho
I, "Though I have been more accustomed
ill!-  than horses, 1  feel a strong de-ire to
guide thcse'ntco little ponies.    What sny you, St. Clair,
shall I take the reins?   You will not fear an overturn
on this lei ol road'!"
His cousin assented.    Poor fellow I his own laughing
'   -v had been fulfilled, for be seemed already ovqr-
■lltTII'll
\r- drivi
id   by his own  importance :
chilis bestow,
Of knowledge which you prize so much,  might I
not something know'.'
1 nsk  mil  for u kinder   lone, for thou  wast ever
kind :
1 nsk not for loss frugal fare, my lure I do nol mind ; ! l"'"l
I ask mil for all ire moro gay—if such us I have got, ■ I"™
Suflico to make rue fair to thou, for more I murmur ' knowlcdgcd the low bows and cordial greetings of Ih.-
—    not.    »— ».  . ..-.._.        U-0<lgc-kcepo1rsl_whilst ^Alfred,   tojitone   foi   it, was
Bill I would nsk  some share of hours that vou on    smiling nnd chatting to"cvery bno*oniTchr.'~*"  **	
They were .-ihnl   as   they drove  through   the park j
perhaps old memories revived within their breasts, or
from admiration it might have been at tho perfect order
j in which il wns kept, or at the size oftho stalely elms, or
Subtract  from   meetings amongst men,  each eve an ] the huge branching onks, underneath whose shade tho
hour lor me; deer were quietly reposing.
Make me companion of your soul, ns I may safely be.        The house camc suddenly in view.    It was a large
If you will read. I'll sit and work, then think when 'and noble pile, in  the purest style  of Elizabethan ar-
you're away ; j chilccture, nnd stood upon a broad, high terrace which
Less tedious I shall   lind the time, dear husband, of i commanded a varied and most extensive view-.
your stay. The silent grandeur of the  scone  affected   both, ns
A meet companion soon I'll ho, for e'en your studi- | their eyes wore riveted upon each well-remembered ob-
ous hours, ject, and their thoughts reverted hack lo her who hud
And teacher of those little ones you call your cottage    once been   the life and light of that splendid mansion,
flowers ; i but whii now reposed within the cold, dark tomb!—hor
And  if wo bo not rich and grout, wo may be wise j eyes would no longer beam on hor son  with fondness,
and kind; i nor her lips bid him welcome 1
And us my heart   can warm your  heart, so may my        St. Clair must have foil this, for coldly and hurriedly
reply-in"- lo tho ongcr greetings of the old housekeeper,
nndtnking no notice of the other servants who bud assembled in tho outer vestibule, he laid hold of his
cousin's iii'iii, and drawing him quickly into the library,
! closed the door with a violence which betokened the
"Dear St,.Claiii,—-I do not wonder at your1 being 1 strength of his emotion,
tired of Eton, and impatient to commence your Conn- | Hastily dismissing tbo inferior domeslic3, the liousc-
nental tour, which ofl'ors so much enjoyment to a young keeper retired with tho steward and butler to tho
man iu your prosont pesition. Willi groat pleasure, I privacy of hor own comfortable parlor, and seating
therefore, I inform you Ihnl lhc gentleman 1 always i herself in the easy chair, which hor young lord had
wished to bo your companion has just returned from given her when leaving tho Court, she gave way to her
France, and ns he bus no ties to bind him to England, | wounded feelings al St. Clair's altered manner, trying,
will, at my earnest request, undertake the offico of pri- [ however, to make every excuse for him ; and when the
vale tutor to you, although ho had  determined, from    other servants praised the affability of his cousin, and
mind your mind.
PEERS  A Nil   I'll (l TEG EES.
ClIAI'TKK   V.
some melancholy event happening to a former pupil,
never again lo fill such it situation.
" 1 can entrust you, my dear hoy, with greater confidence to him than to any other man, because I know,
from a long acquaintance, that both his conduct and
conversation are governed by a firm religious prinr
ciplo, and his talents are great and highly cultivated.
He has promised to attend you in n mouth, and your
carriage and equipments will bo ready about tho sumo
time. 1 have not the slightest objection to your spending a fortnight at Graham Court; it is very natural that
you should wish to sec your birthplace and fair inheritance before you leave England for an indefinite period,
and young Graham may accompany you, too, with all
my heart, if you can prevail upon him to leave his well-
beloved and musty folios for so lung n time; but remember, the other fortnight you are pledged to stay
with me ; it will not be the first time you have had
bachelor's faro at Leland Hall.
"Norton is prepared for your arrival, and will not
have nn easy minute till sho sees you. so you may start
ns soon ns you like. Tho enclosed scrip may bo useful to ii generojis schoolboy, whoso heart and purse nro
open on all occasions.
"Tell Graham his wishes nro complied with, and arrangements mado for his entering liuliol College next
term, when he may strive without delay for u Bishopric.
Lord Edgar would have been pleased if the bar had
been his choice, but he is too fond a father to oppose the
wishes of his son.
" If wo desire any alterations made nt the Court, apply to your old friend and gliardy,        "Alex. Lela.N
drew comparisons between him and the stately lord, she
grew quite angry, exelabriing, " Ay I ay I you're turncoats, every one of you I but 1 am not. to be wheedled
out of my affection to my lord by a few soft speeches
from Mr. Alfred Graham, 1 can assure you. Nasty sly
ways he always had when a child, constantly causing
me trouble or uneasiness, and such a dogged sulky temper, that there was no doing anything with him ; whilst
my young lord, Heaven bless him. was as free and open
as the day, and if his high spirits carried him away
into committing any frolic which ho knew-1 should disapprove of, sure enough was he to return, own his
fault, und ask mo to forgive him I But there's the first
dinner-bell, and I must go and show the rooms which
J have prepared for their reception. The state apartments for my lord, of course, nnd the little blue chamber for Mr. Alfred Graham; it will humble bis high
mightiness a little to bo put into the same plainly-
furnished room he occupied when a child. I'm thinking."
muttered the good old housekeeper as sho bustled on
hor way.
(to he continued.)
The following extract from tho " United Service
Gazette," will be road with interest by those who have
endured the mosquito pest on Eraser River:—
('in- uf the cleverest inventions oftho present day,
und lhc greatest boon to naval and military men, either
traveling or living in camp, barracks, or onboard ship, is
the little apparatus for which M. Ditmont, nFrenchman,
has just obtained  a  patent iu this country, ns  by its
" Heaven bless tho old maul" "exclaimed St. Clair, on j means tbo insect-killing powder may ho blown over
reading the foregoing, mid perceiving that the scrip was j the sheets and curtains ofa hod, so as to allow of sleep-
iififty-pound  nolo.     "If mv dear father had searched i ing in it with impunity, although the room or cabin may
all over England for a guardian, he could not havo met
with a kinder or moro trustworthy one ; but I must seek
Alfred and tell him my petition is grunted, which he,
wiseacre though ho thinks himself, said would not be
the case.'' •■Hero, infidel, read this," cried the lively
young lord, springing through the open window of nn
be swarming with mosquitos, bugs, or other insects.
What, adds to the groat value of tho insect-killer is,
that although it is ns destructive to the whole of the
insect tribe, it is perfectly harmless to birds, animals,
nnd human beings nnd may even be eaten with impunity in any quantity.     The  few pence  asked  for the
apartment, in which sat a lino looking youth   with ' apparatus filled with powder, places it within roach of
eyes  und elbows so  firmly planted  on a huge black- M-'le V017 poorest.
loitered tome, that it required more than ono vigorous j     Tin: married ladies of Fail-mount, N. J, have organ
shake from his moro agile friend to rouse him into con- .ised thcmselv.es into  an   Independent  Order of Odd
Bciousnoss.   "Here's a letter from Sir Alexander.    Oh ! ! Ladies, in order to bo revenged  upon their Odd Fellow
lies tho prince of guardiaus ;  take it, and read it for i husbands.   Their Lodge is kept open at night, half an
yoursolf, for I am too wild with joy to see a single letter. I honr'longer than that of their husbands.   Who takes
We'll leave to-day—no, il shall he to-morrow, and to- j care ol the babies?
night we'll have u  jollificntion, lhc fen it of lollies nnd it-,          ,   •        i                          .1
.1,7(1 ,-„.i        n-i       .       -   i   ■ i   o ji ..u - .inn \x    nshmnn being about  to   oner the  armv, was
the How ol wine.   These treat scs and clerics will make i   ii            i-.i            -.-       n-        n-nr.n    • '    i
„  „„, ;,„, ,    ,,                               ,      -      nm hum nsked by one ol the recruiting officers, " Well, sir. when
a  capital ho lire,   a   very  un'mta h o   sacri  co   lo  Ihe '   •         ,   . ,        -n            ,-  i .                 ■>••    « .i
»i,,„..   „„!   i ,,    ',-    ,    ,.-,,       ,v.    .     •"•''"'"    io  mi y0u  p-et   ]nt0  line, villi  vou   fight  or  run.' —"Ah,
Muses, cried tlie livelv  c  on-, inn,fine even- nnner ho i '• -,i '■•       ,-   i ,i     -n       ■'         -.i              •    i  ,   • ,    .-
..,,1 j'   ,  i,,, ,    ,, ,     ,-,       .   ,'       ■   Y\ , .    •    I" ' "' lm h,'  replied    he    fibernmn, wi h  a comical   Ovist ol
could got  hold ot to  the winds, am   kck ic a lout the i-                               mi i       c.i       i  -  -         i                 .i
class-books will, great activity - his countenance, " 111 bo nithcr do.u , ycr honor, as tho
"Do bo quiet, St Cluir. It is impossible to nnd , m°niy °f J*° d°M-
whilst you arc keeping up such an intolerable riot- I Trin character and style of "turn-out." thnt a man
there goes my essay,, my thoughts on Metempsychosis ! should sport, depends altogether upon tho number of
tho result of such deep study and hard labor I I would > times he has " bust up" in business. While tho first
not lose it for the world. Do mind what vou nro about • , bankruptcy would justify n barouche, the fifth oho may
or lake your letter, it's nn concern of mine, I see."
"Indeed, you are mistaken," replied St. Clair, "it
does relate to you ; but now I shall loll you in my own
way—first, we start for Graham Court to-morrow, that
at least is decided.''
" We ? I should be quite out of my element. I don't
want to go there, what could I do?'' asked Alfred
Graham.
"Hide about over tho country; or fish —thej'O is
cnpilnl sport to he obtained in the broad, stilly waters 1
so well remember ; or, better still, go and preach homilies to the villagers—it will be good practice for you I"
"And what are to bo your pursuits?" asked Alfred.
" Oh, I shall follow the whim of the moment—fall in
love, perhaps, if I can see any beautiful young lady
willing to wait a couple of years for a husband, and
content to tako me for better'for worse nt the end of
that time, but Hint is an after consideration ; so to proceed to tho second part of the letter, in which Guurdy
says that your father has given a reluctant consent to
your entering the church. Next month you go to Oxford."
" Ha I that is right, and welcome news indeed I I have
been long in agitation : but now I know my destiny, I
shall at once conform to nil the duties of my sacerdotal
calling. 1 shall march boldly and firmly onwards, and
perform the promise I have made unto myself."
"And to me also, I hope," interrupted Lord St. Clair
eagerly. " Ay, you may stare, Alfred, but I am Borious.
Many years ago, in a frolicsome, mood, you promisi d to
jtistily a clinch and four.    Such, we understand, are the
rules laid down in many of our large cities.
It is a disagreeable fix to be placed in, when you
essay u bow-to a fair friend, on the opposido oftho way,
lo have an omnibus obtrude itself just in season for
your bow to take offect directly in tho middle of the
crowd of passengers inside, half of whom bow to you
in return, and the other half stare in a puzzled attempt
to recall who you are.
"Really," said Mrs. Plainheart's nineteenth cousin,
after a six weeks' visitation, " I fear if I stay much
longer you will bo made twice glad when I go."—
" Have no fears on that scoio," was the reply, " I assure you I haven't yet boon made once glad."
Ladies arc often annoyed by perplexing questions
from the male gender, and sometimes they oscapo from
a direct answer by a happy hon mot. "What are you
making Miss Knapp?" inquired a familiar acquaintance ofa lady. '• A kaapp-sack," was the satisfactory
reply.
A man asked a celebrated balloonist what ho would
do if in want of refreshment in his aerial voyage, as
there wore no hotels. He instantly replied that ho
should have no occasion for them; he would stop at
some of the "castles in the nir."
A I'orui man in Leeds, who had a gossiping wife, informed a friend of his, "ns a great secret," that bis wife
wont out of Ihe house every day forty times to gossip
aid and abet a certain scheme which it is now my   with somo of her neighbors, and that sho remained out
lordly will and pleasure to curry out.' two hours each time I
Allen, Mrs Emily
Allison, John F
Agassy, Lewis (2)
Alexander, Chns  (2)
1ST OF LETTERS, received at the Post-office since
the 1st of September, and still uncalled fur :—
A
Arbuckle, J M D
Addison, P J
Archer, George
Adams, William,
B
Brown, C
Broderick, Mrs Regina
Brown, A II
Bennetts, Thomas
Blessing, Jacob
Bivis, John
Brassy, Ferdinand
Blackmail, A
Baxter, William
Builly, Lisa' Madame
Buyley, James
Bell, Joseph
Bastide, Eugene
Brown. Robert D S
Bonny,' E B    (2)
Baugaluppi, G
Brotchie, William
Bush, James
Bryant. Joseph M
Bel, Isac D   (2)
C
Curri, k Granoiun
Crawford, James
Carveth, Joseph
Colin, Mrs II
Cooper, Thomas
Cameron, David
Ciissin, Mr
Cnsack, W J
Cnsamayou, Antoinc   (2)   Craig, Albert
Crook, Brutus    (2) Cranor, J
Christie, John Cunningham, James
Cameron, Alexander Carter, Pares
Crane, AS Caulonger, Benoit
(.'liarlos, Porcher Carweth, .1 L
Clarke, FW Cushing, Robert
Cnrncv, W T
D
Davis, John
Downie, William    (2)
Dngenais, Cyprian
Davidson, Daniel
Daugiin, Robert
Davys, Thos Reed
Evans, Capt. Edwd
Edgar, D A
Freeman, James E
Fish, James
Porters, Mons
Fu-..T_ten, J^sepih-W   - —
Fnirbrain, John
Gnurdiiin, Pierro
Gault, Mons
Grinor, Arthur
Grcgia, I)
Gillette, E 0
Grieve, William
Good, Chas
Hankm, Thos
Holbrook, II
Howdlc, John
Hick, William
Harriman, W S
Hill, John
Holm, C F
Hedin, N N
G
Deans, James
Deigliton, John
Davis, HL   (2)
Davies, Thos 0
Dolhighiiii, Owen
Dewdney, Edgar
Emerson, Chas (2)
Eliuondorl'i \\ illiinu
French, Chas
Francis, Jacob
Foster, Major G
KfyMllIiH-, .iuhn	
Fitzpatrick, Win
Glover, Copt
Gonldcn, Mr
Gilliss, Hugh
Gruhmnslaw, James
Girard, Auguste
Gardner. Francis
Grant, Thos
(2)
I
Hyde, George
Hnurigan, It
Home, Adam
llickin, G
Helmore, J C
Hunter, Mr
Harriman, Wm
Henly, Henry
(2)
Ingall, Chas
Isaacs, Lewis
Ivans, Joseph
J
Johns, It II    (2) Jones, II C    (2)
Johnson, W G    (2) Jones, John Q
Judson, Sydney
K "
(=0
Knight, Capt
Langley, & Bros    (2)
Lawry, William
Lawson, James S
Lander, J M
Lester, Peter (2)
Lewis, John
Montgomery, Joseph
McLaughlin, Donald
Munro. .Mrs
.Michael A
.Morris, Mrs L A
Marwiok, David
Mc.Murray, Wm
Maxwell, Wyman
McKay, J II
Myers, II
McDonald, Archibald
Maynrard, Richard   (2)
Manet, P
Miinroo, Alexander    (2)
McCliitchoy, Otis
Martin, Henry
Nauntow, Goorgo
Osborne, Thos A
O'Brien, John
Kinuenr, James
Laurence, William
Lackey, G II J S
Lnkcman, Dr
Logon, J C
Leech, James
Lumloy, Geo
Line, "William
M
Mcrrininn, Peter
McAllister, J C
Moore, Rev J J
Miilliindiiio, Mi-
McKay, Hugh
MoDougall, John
Malawanski, M
McGniffe, Thos
Moystin, T
Moulet, L
MoCrou, J A
Moore, Mrs Francis
Mount, James
McDonald, Mrs C
Martin, Mrs
McDonald, J L
McDonald, S A
N
Karen, Samuel
N&bot, Elisa
0
Ogilvy, David
Ott, George
P
Pnrter. Jnmos    (2)
Patterson, William
Pmize, Mugel    (3)
Piikahina, WW
Pitman, R A   (2)
Parry, Rev. Chas
Potter, Samuel D
Petri e, David
Potter, R G
Peterson, 11 P
Purves, James
Pike, Moses II
Pen no, B
Pratt, William
Q
Hoc, Richard
Rochon, Octavo
Roso, John
Quain, David
R
Riclly, Morris
Rucff, Jules    (2)
Richardson, W R
Rowoll, James
S
(2)
.Sanderson, John
Simpson, John M
Snbaston, Peter J
Stratton, John
Sinton, E W W
Stockand, W R
Smith, II D    (2)
Stevens, Peter   (2)
Stuert, Dr J II
Soulio. Leonce    (3)
Smith, Robt
Sinalloy. Isnc
Sehlokiim, dipt
Stevens, Thomas
Schrcibor, "Wilfred
Thnin, James N
Turnbull, Adam
Trnesdollo, 0 P   (2)
Tays, G E
Thompson, C W R    (2)
Taylor, Alexander II
Th'orndikc, Capt W II
Smith, RobtO
Stephens, John A
Staples, E II
■Stratford, Richard
Simpson, James 0
Stogo, Capt J G
Simson, A
Sinekor, Thos II
Sinners, Paul
Simpson, Henry
Sparrow, I M
Simons, A
Sutherland, II M
Sullivan, John
Sellick,
Tays, Georgo
Trutch, Mr
Taylor Chns
Tu'rootto, 1 B
Thompson, George
Tiedemnn, II 0
Thomas, John
Todd, James
V
Van Cnpendicrht, C Viso, M II
Vaitz, Pierre Vuigl, Julius
Yignolo, Guisoppo
W
"Wilkinson, Dr   (2)
Walsh, Patrick
Watson, R
Williams, Thomas
Weller, Joseph
Wilkinson, J B
Williams, Robert    (
Sept. 20, 1850.
Waldron, Littleton
Wilson, John
Wonliain, Frederick
Wall, Capt
Wood, II A
White, Alexander
Walker, C B
Wright, Capt T
Y
Vents, G W
W. DRISCOLL GOSSET,
Acting Post Master General.
FOR   SALE.
TIIE   undersigned ofTer for   sale Martoll's Brandy,
Dark and Pale in half pipes, Booth's genuine Old
Tom in puncheons,
Swaine, Boord, k Co's Old Tom, in puncheons.
McKenzio & Co's do do       do
Stewart's Scotch Whiskey do        do
Holland Gin, "St. Nicholas brand," in pipes.
Irish Whiskey, in barrels.
Allsop's Burton Ale, also in bulk.
London Alo and Porter, in glass 4 and 1 dozen
packages.
II. Brett k Co's Ginger Brandy, in cases.
Worthington's and Swaine, Boord & Co's Old Tom
in cases.
Wolfe's mid Yolner's Schnapps, in cases.
Claret Wine, in cases.
Orange and every description of Bitters.
101 hhds. of the finest Burton mid Scotch Ales.
Younger & Son's celebrated Jug Ale.
Cider, in bbls, half bbls, cases, kc, kc
And a variety of goods suitable to the trade.
THOS. PATTRICK k CO.,
Johnson st., near*Government,
and at New Westminster, B. C.
BOOKS! BOOKS 11
"VWPIER'S PENINSULAR WAR, Humboldt's Cos-
-*-' nios, Dres Dictionary of Arts und Sciences;
Dunn's Mineralogy; Ewbank's Hydraulics; Mosolcy's
Mechanics of Engineering; Lyell's Principles and Elements of Geology ; Cyclopicdin of Commerce : M'Cul-
loch's Commercial Dictionary ; Livingstone's Travels ;
Dr. Kane's Explorations; Macimlay's England] Alison's Europe; The British Pools compiled In three
vols., 8vo; the Englisn Translations of the Classics,
comprising the whole works of Taciius, Xcnophon,
Herodotus, Thiicydidcs, Baker's Livy; Ciesar, iniu
Snlliist.
PrCSCOtt's Works; Irving's Works; -Node's Ambrn-
sinnii ; the Poetical Works of Longfellow, llooil. Whil-
tier, and nearly all of tlie modern und Ancient Poets,
variously and handsomely bound.
Histories, Bibles, Commentaries : Agricultural, Law,
Medical, O.M-rT-'lovr, und FToemasuntyBotiks; Cutrkirrg
Books, Book Keeping, Dictionaries, Chemistry, Astronomy, School Miscellaneous Books. Also, Novels,
qound and in paper covers.
HIBBEN & CARSWELL,
Stationer's Hull, Vales street.
SELIM   FRANKLIN   &  CO.,
AUCTIONEERS AND LAND AGENTS,
Yates street, Victoria.
rjlOWX LOTS IN VICTORIA AND ESQUIMALT, m
-*- Farming Lands disposed of at public and privat!
sale. Surveys, Plans, Dei ds, Mortgages, and Agrce
mcuts prepared by competent parties attached to thi I
ollice. Merchandise, Household Furniture, kc. *,'
posed of.
Advanter made on Consignments.
Gold Dust Purchased.
0F
Si
DICKSON, CAMPBELL k CO.
FER for   sale,  ex  steamer   "FORWOOD," K
recent arrivals—
Irish Pork and Butter,
Bacon and limns,
Alo, iu bulk und bottle,
Porter, in bottle,
Dark Brandy, in hhds.,
Porl, and Sherry Wines,
Champagne, in pints and quarts,
Claret Wine, iu cases,
Sugar, brown mid crushed,
Rice, Carolina and China,
Blankets und Clothing,
Boots und  Siloes,
Canvas, Twine und Rope,
Tinware,
Oilman's stores.
pt. la, 1850.
lm
N 0 T I 0 E
I" HAVE this day sold all my right, title, and interest I
t •*- in the late Copartnership of Caphon k IIautkhiijI
I Gauiiiei.  Gai.t  Caphon, who  will satisfy nil claimiI
ngiiinls the linn, und receive payment of debts due M
; lliein.
JOHN COPLAND, HENRY BARTER.
Witness. im
6
I;
Colonial Secretary's Office,
Victoria, Vancouver Island, Sept. 2tl, 1859.
The entrance to the Eraser River having boon re-
buoyed, the accompanying " Notice to Mariners," which
bus been furnished to the Government by Captain
Richards, of Hor Majesty's Surveying Ship " Plumper,"
is herewith published for general information.
By Command,
William A. G. Youno,
Acting Colonial Secretary.
NOTICE TO MARINERS.
mTHIE Entrance to tho Fraser River has been re-buoyed.
■*• All the buoys are placed on the Northern or Port
side of the Channel in entering, with the exception of
ono on the South Sand Head.
The following table points out the position, and
gives the description of each buoy:—
OS   SOCTH   SAND   HEAD,
A spar buoy moored in 11 feet at low water. The
spar painted white and black in horizontal
bunds, surmounted by a ball of the same colors
also, in horizontal bands.
f ON   NORTH   SAND   HEAD,
0 I A spar buoy moored iu 11 feet,    Spar black and
' "| white, in vortical linos,  surmounted  by  a ball
I painted in tlie sumo manner.
I ON   NOHTll   RII1E   OF TIIK   CHANNEL,
3 -J A spar buoy moored in 9 feet.    Spar black and
( white horizontally.    Ball red.
fA  spar buoy moored in 12 feet.    Spar, whito
4-j and black  bunds horizontally, surmounted by a
(white diamond, and marked 1.
r f A spar buoy moored in 12 feet.    Spar, white sur-
d \ mounted by n black diamond, marked 2.
A spar buoy moored in 11 feet. Spar, whito
surmounted by a rod diamond, marked 3.
A spar buoy moored in 11 feet. Spar, white,
surmounted by a crescent rod and black, marked 4.
„ f A spar buoy moored in 12 foot. Spar, white
\ nnd black vertically, crescent red. marked 5.
On entering tho River, the Sand Head buoys should
not be approached within half a mile, until the passage
between them is brought to boar N J E, when a vessel may steer in, mid channel, or pass the North Sand
Head buoy and the first one inside it, from a cable to a
cable and a halt's length.
The remaining five buoys on the North side of the
channel may be passed from half a cable to a cable's
length, keeping them on the port hand in entering. After passing the inner buoy, a straight course may bo
steered for Garry Point.
It must bo remembered that tho ebb tide sots to the
southward, over the Roberts bank, mid the flood to tho
northward, over the Sturgeon bank.
By attention to these directions, a vessel drawing
from 15 to 16 feet water, may enter the Eraser with
safety, at half-tide.
The buoys assume a loaning position, varying from
an angle of 35° to 80°, according to the state of the
tide and wind, and can be plainly scon from a vessel's
deck at u distance of throe miles in clour weather.
Vessels bound for the River and coming through the
1 Plumper Puss,' should steer N. N. W. as soon as they
enter the strait of Georgia. This course lends direct
for the Sand Heads eleven miles distant, some slight
allowance being of course made for tbo tide, which
runs from 1 to 2 knots in the strait, and more ns the
entrance of the River is approached.
Vessels from the Southward, passing Robert's Point,
must avoid the Robert's bunk, which is very stoop to :
by not bringing the low part of this point to the Southward of East, the bank will bo cleared.
GEO. HENRY RICHARDS
Captain II. M. Surveying Ship " Plumper.
September 24th, 185!).
"notice TO FARMERS AND OTHERS.
JBEGG, practical Gardiner and Nursery-man, having
• obtained the agency for the sale of Fruit Trees from
some of the best Nurseries in Oregon and California,
will be happy to supply farmers and others with tho
choicest descriptions of Fruit Trees, at the lowest market prices. J. B. will also attend to the planting out
of trees, if required. All trees planted by him will be
warranted to grow, and true to name. For particulars
apply at tho office of the " New Westminster Times."
N. B.—Gardens, Orchards, and public parks, will be
laid out on the best principles, and most reasonable
terms. The fall is the proper season for planting out
trees.
        SACRAMENTO. HOUSE,
Waddington street, neiu Yates street.
rilHIS HOUSE has boon newly fitted up and entirely|
-*- renovated, und is conducted on the European Plnii.l
The TABLE will bo supplied with the best the Markitj
affords.
Board and Lodging  $7 00
Single Monls     o 50
The travelling public are requested to call.
ANDREW ASTRICO.
W.   II.   OLI VER,
Importer aud Wholesale Dealer in
TjMNE   ENGLISH,  French,   and   American Liqnonl
-1-   Champagnes, Clarets, California Wines, kc, John,
son sroet, opposite Wharf street, Victoria, V. I.
TO   LET.
GONZALO   COTTAGE  and farm of TOO acres,  of
which 50 acres are fenced, and under partial cultivation.   Apply by letter only to
lin JOSEPH D. PEMBERTON.
10,000 lbs.  WHITE   LEAD.
JEFFRIES   &  BANKS,
Yates Street,
Have    FOR   SALE
4 LARGE Assortment of WINDOW GLASS, nnd
■£*• Artist's Tools and Colors. Oil, Turpentine, Varnish, Putty. Graining Tools, &c, &c.
Also, a large assortment of WALL PAPER, Borders and Mixed Paints.
Esq., J. Smitli
Pitman, Esq.,
Gaggin, Esq.,
FORT DOPE READING ROOM AND LIBRARY.
SEVERAL FRIENDS to the diffusion of knowledge
^-J and social intercourse amongst Miners, Traders nnd
merchants, kc, on the Eraser River, arc anxious to
establish a Reading Room and Library nt Fort Hope.
Fort Hope is a centra] position of importance in
British Columbia, and the best at present for furthering the above objects. The project of n Reading Room
in connexion with a Circulating Library, is one which
cannot fail to bo beneficial to those for whose use it is
intended, but it is one which cannot be carried out
solely by the residents without assistance from other
quarters.
The sum of $400 is required for the purchase of a
House and Lot in everyway convenient, but the time
allowed for the purchase at this price is short. Ihe
honorary Secretary earnestly asks the assistance of
that large class of persons who are benefitted directly
or indirectly by the connexion of the two Colonies of
British Columbia and Vancouvor Island, for llioir kind
help in any direction they may think fit.
The regular subscription will bo for tho first month
$5 each person, and $1 u month afterwards.
Respectable and readable newspapers of various
nations and politics, together with all the standard
Reviews and Periodicals, will be taken.
Donations have been promised by the following:—
His Excellency tbo Governor, the Lieutenant Governor, the Attorney General and the Chief Justice of
British Columbia. Rev, J. Cridge, 11. P. Crease, Esq.,
Montague Drake, Esq., J. O'Rcillv, Esq., J. P., J. Ogilvy
Esq., H. B. C, Victoria. Philip Nind, ~
Esq., T. L. Stahlschmidt, Esq., It. A
Fort Hope. — Saunders, Esq., J. P., -
Esq., — Elliott, Esq., Vale.
Subscriptions will he received at Victoria by the Rev.
II. Dundas, chaplain to the Bishop.
A. D. PRINGLE,
Honorary Secretary.
Sept. 15th, 1850.
ASSAY  OFFICE,
Yates street,
Third door above Freeman k   Co.'s Express, Victoria, V. 1.
\ SSAYS OF GOLD, SILVER, and ORES of every
-^-*- description, promptly and faithfully made, and
returns given within six hours, in Bars or Coin, at the
Option of the depositor. ADVANCES MADE OX
GOLD DUST FOR MELTING. We would respectfully
solicit from Miners and Dealers their patronage.
As vouchors for the correctness of our Assays, wo
refer with permission to the following Bankers, who
for nearly three years have shipped Burs Assayed by
us (in California,) to Europe and the Eastern States
11. Davidson, San Francisco; Satiiek ife Oiirncii, San
Francisco: Tali.ant k Wii.db, do.; Ahel Guy, do.;
Pauhot k Co., do.; Wkllh, Faikio, k Co., do., und Freeman k Co.'s Express.
Also, by special permission, wo refer to the Bank of
British North America, in Victoria.
MARCHAND, Jn., k Co.
DICKSON, CAMPBELL, k CO.,
COMMISSION   MERCHANTS,   Comor  Wharf  and
Johnston-streets, Victoria,   V.   I.   Dickson, Do
Wolf k Co., Merchant-street, San Francisco.
SCALE OF CHARGES FOR ADVERTISING IN THE
NEW WESTMINSTER TIMES.
£   s. d.
One Inch, oh under,—Ono insertion,  0   5 0
~"             "            On'o month,  0 1C 0
"             "           Threo months,  2   0 0
"             "            Six months,  3 10 0
Two Inches, on less,—One insertion,  0   8 0
"             "           Ono month,  1   4 0
"                           Three months,  3 10 0
"             "            Six months,  6   0 0
Fouii Inches, oh less—One insertion  0 15 0
'              "           Ono month,  2   4 0
'              "          Threo mouths,  6   0 0
Advertisements of larger dimensions, or for longer
periods, as por agreement.
Advertisements in tho " Business Diroctory," not
xcocding threo lines, £1 4s. por quartor.
Printed, for tho Proprietors, every Tuesday, by
Leonard McCliire, at the Offico of the "New Westminster Times," south side of Yntcs-strcet, Victori«i
in the Colonv of Vancouver Island.
u±M*m

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