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The New Westminster Times and Vancouver Island Guardian Oct 18, 1859

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No. 5.]
[Quarterly (in advance), 10s.]
[Yearly (is advasce), £1 Cs.]
[Price Is
®1)«  (English,   $tt00.
The Great Eastern is at length actually
preparing for a trip. Tlie destination of this
vessel is understood to be literally tho establishment of a great trunk line of communication with the East, including Australasia.
The ship is cxpceted to reaeli Calcutta, ils
further terminus, in 33 flays, its speed being
equal to that of an ordinary railway train.
Now, we cannot but hope that this example
will do for tho British empire at large what
the opening of the first great railway has
done for these islands. \Ve trust it will be
the precursor of a system of communication
between Great Britain and all its colonies
and all friendly States. We trust to see
opened by the same inducements of cheapness, swiftness and opportunity, (he like constant and unexampled intercourse between all
with whom we are connected. A dozen or a
score of such vessels ought literally to put us
within visiting distance of all that we could
wisli to travel to, either for business or pleasure. The creation of traffic by the facilities
for traffic is a problem already gloriously
solved on the right side. Suppose that New
York could lie reached surely within six days,
with almost as little unpleasantness of motion as that of a first-class carriage, and with
a freedom of limbs and a means of repose
and change of occupation as well as of posture, with an amount of personal exercise as
well as personal comfort, which no railway
train can by any possibility afford. Suppose
—and as the Great Eastern can certainly accommodate 1,000 passengers for such a trip
Ihe rate is no absurd thing to calculate—the
fare to be limited, with comfortable victualling, to £10. Let it be remembered that the
ordinary risks, too, as well as discomforts of
an Atlantic voyage will be reduced to tho
lowest possible fraction. With 28 millions of
Anglo-Saxons on this side, and 25 or 20 millions on the other, we might expect to seo
a Great Eastern dispatched full from each
sh'V'e every week. We aro not tying ourselves to minute particulars. We expect that
the voyage could be afforded, with all its fair
luxuries of accommodation,J'or £10. Such a
maximum, or something liko it, for respectable passengers would be a sine qua non. Else
all arrangements would soon fall into shape.
This is tlie prime instance, for no other two
termini will give anything liko tho same
populations anxious to traffic witli each other.
Three such vessels would make and maintain
this great Atlantic railroad with all the speed,
and moro, far more, than all tho other advantages of a land rail. Compare the cost of
three Great Easterns with the cost of any
three thousand miles of rail, and the working expenses with those of working such a
line. The risk of the enterprise in capital
becomes absolutely insignificant. Wc look,
therefore, not merely to tho speedy transit
round the Cape of Good Hope from a British
port to Calcutta, and so the opening of a
communication to and fro every ten weeks
or three months, which the single vessel will
achieve for us, but to the application of the
great sea-railroad principle, which will not
only meet all the Avants of the travelling,
commercial, official, and military class, but
will create a tenfold interchange of visitors,
and promote a twofold or a fourfold interchange of commodities. Wc have had the
thing done before our eyes. Many of us can
recollect the despondency which overhung
some of the first great enterprises in British
railways. The doubts and difficulties which
stood in the way of the line from London to
Birmingham, since tho coveted ground of all
speculation, is quite within our memory.
The voyage of tho Groat Eastern from Ibis
hind to Calcutta, will, we trust, bo as tho
opening of tho first hundred miles of what
is now the ordinary, almost tho only, means
of communication among us.
AVhilo we are vexing our brains for tho solid ion of difficulties, how ofton does it arise
that the very circumstances that have brought
<he difficulties about appear to bring the solution. We havo lately been pondoring very
anxiously over the scattered extent of our
empire, and the apparent impossibility of defending it by any but tho costliest armamonts.
From twelve to twenty ships, liko the ono
we now see in tho Thames, ready to start on
jts work, would knit the distant parts together
by links which it would be very difficult indeed for any enemy to sovor. Tho weight
.and velocity of tbo ships would mako them
j «mst formidable assailants to a floet j tho
speed which no other vessel could oxert
would constantly keep them out of harm's
way. The armies that thoy could carry for
Months without a stop would make our forces
liar more nearly ubiquitous than thoso of any
nation in tho world.
All good speed, then, to tho Great Eastern.
Wo are told that Government postal contracts
p'dl hike from her hor natural remuneration
ja.8 il letter carrier. Let the directors prove
jthat sho can do what thoy expoct, and all
jsuch contracts will snap liko cobwebs. The
I'lovernmcnt must as instantly fall into the
hii'i-angements which tho new material cir-
r'limstanccs will suggest and require,.as it
r'm into sending its letter bags by tho rail
[instead of the four-horso coach. There may
|"o a little irritation, a littlo hindrance, bun-
p'ng, and even loss at first, but the public
I'lcetl and determination will soon walk over
till obstacles. Wc sincerely hope to see the
order given not for another ship, but for a
fleet; and that the obvious benefits of the
first essay will justify the hearty and immediate subscription of all the capital requisite
for the undertaking.—[London Dispatch.
" Hlia Belgium a right to fortify Antwerp 7" Sncli is
! the somewhat curious thesis which is now in discussion
■ between .he press of Paris ami the press of Brussels.
j The Patrie and the Constitutionnel ineline to the opinion
j thnt fortifying the harbor of the great Belgian seaport
[ is very like nn insult to Prance. This is so extravagant
! a pretension thnt we should have thought it an uu-
: meaning Impertineuoo on the part of certain Individual
! writers, if tin.- Belgian government had not appeared to
I take a different view of it, and published in tlie Independence Beige a semi-official reply. At first sight it
appears impossible to understand that France can see
cause of umbrage in a neutral I'oiver performing its
duty by keeping itself in a position to make its neutrality respected. France might be supposed to sec a
pledge of peace in every new stone placed t'pon the
ramparts of Antwerp, nnd every new protection added
to its harbor. So far us the records of history extend,
the soil of Belgium has been the cock-pit of Europe.
Every town recalls to mind some one- or more great
sieges. Every name suggests the turning point of some
great war. Every district has given place nnd title to
some mighty battle. Dig where you will, you may turn
up ihe bones of Austrians, and Spanish, and Dutch,
and French, nnd English : look whore you may over
those rich Hats, you will see towns that remind you of
old bloody histories, such as Namur, and Mons, and
('bent, and Bruges, and Liege. Walk or ride hither
and thither over the well-tilled flats, and you will find
yourself passing com districts and villages bearing
such names as Eanden, Oiidenard, Fontenoy, Jemmopes,
Malplacqnet, Itnmillies. and Waterloo. The topogrtiphy
of Belgium is but, a jumble of the histories of European
slaughter. Fertile to its own sons, and ntltucut in rich
Flemish towns, it is a place of blood to the stranger.
It has been walled up by general consent ever since
18*11. No more fighting is to be allowed on those premises. The Belgian government is just now repairing
the wall. It might have been expected that France
would look on approvingly. A comfortable householder
would certainly say " Well done" to his neighbor if he
saw him repairing his dilapidated shutters and putting
a new chain to his door. France doe3 not intend to
break into the house; France has no design upon the
silver forks: France does not intend to steal into the
plate closet in the dark, or force a way into it on a sudden. Why, then, do those writers whose names are
supposed to carry an authority which certainly neither
the wit nor the wisdom of their writings would alone
deserve, come forth to tell us that France is not affrighted, but afflicted, at the repair of the Antwerp fortifications ? It is a question dillieult to answer.
Perhaps, after much meditation, we may. however,
guess nt the cause of solicitude to our allies. It is a
-ensitivf regard for England and her safety which dictates this jealousy of tlie Belgian defences True
friendship is always suspicious. France suspects Belgium ofa secret intention of conquering England. All
the sayings of the old Napoleon are being now coined
into proverbs. The Great Emperor declared that Antwerp was by its situation " n loaded pistol pointed at
the heart of England." Las Casus' reports of the Conversations at St. Helena, are now the Sybillinn book in
which France reads her immediate destiny. The French
are remembering that Napoleon chose Antwerp as the
central point where the chief arsenal for the sbujugation
of England should be established. The Independence
Beige refers its French opponents to the archives of the
French War-oflice for details of the plans by which Napoleon made Antwerp the greatest naval station on the
Continent, and by which he proposed to extend the
harbor and fortifications to most gigantic dimensions.
We read in Las Casus that Napoleon even attributed
his overthrow to the pertinacity with which he adhered
to his design of keeping this "pistol charged against
England," for it mis his disinclination to part with Antwerp that prevented his concluding a peace at Chatillon.
He intended, he said, to have made it by sea a point
whence a mortal stroke could be dealt against his great
enemy, and by land strong enough to receive an army
in case of defeat, and to sustain a year of open trenches.
The Belgians insist thnt they arc not about to do nearly
so much ns this ; Hiut France is suspicious and aftlieted.
France is affectionately unwilling' that Belgium should
retain her hands this "pistol charged against the heart
of England," and that she should keep so firm a grasp
of it that no one can take it from her. She might make
a bad use of it. She might let it off, and England might
be severely hurt. To England this fortified harbor
must be a perpetual menace; to France the land fortifications are a perpetual insult,—to put up bars and bolts
and to lock street doors is an imputation on the honesty
of the neighborhood. Surely it ought to be sufficient
for Belgium to know that France has no intention of
making any attack upon her7 It is true that the old
Napoleon, in the same conversation in which he told
Las Casus that Antwerp was to him a province, a litllu
kingdom, added that "France without the frontier of
Ihe Rhine and Antwerp was nothing ;" but wo are not
to understand that France is going to work out her
Sybilliue book nil at once, and Belgium ought to be
contented with tho word of a French Emperor, and not
to take these impertinent precautions against France,
or to make these offensive demonstrations against England, the ally of France. It leads to bad results to
doubt what Napoleon III. say3. Francis Joseph
doubted the peaceful intentions of the Emperoi, and he
was punished for his incredulity by a war—a war which
we are now come to understand had no other purpose
than to punish Austrian incredulity. " Haze your fortifications, nnd I will spare you; build up defences, and
I will test them." So the Belgians, if they arc well
advised, will draw the charge and blow out the priming
from that pistol so dangerous to England.
Of course we are greatly obliged to our careful and
watchful friends. We should hardly have discovered
the danger if they hnd not pointed it out so forcibly.
Nor, indeed, now that we are made to see it, can we tell
how to avoid it. Tho Belgians will, if we join in this
remonstrance, tell us, probably, that France, whom no
one threatens, and who can never require to put on armor, unless for nggressivo purposes, has fortified Paris;
that Cherbourg, which was the twin brother to Antwerp
in tho love of Napoleon the Great, has been only lately
completed; that we English, who have never known a
foreign invasion since the time of Willinm the Norman,
are fortifying our chief outports; and that the advantages which Napoleon saw in fortified Antwerp are
equally valuable to the natives of the country in which
it is now the only great fortress. Wc confess we should
have some difficulty in meeting these arguments. They
would, possibly, also urge that the word of an Emperor
of France is, after all, only the word of a mortal man,
and that a consistent series of precedents teaches how
immediately Franco falls into her periodical spasm of
republicanism tho first thing she does is to move an
army into the Low Countries and to besiege Antwerp.
They will tell us also that these defences are not against
Franco or against England, but against all tltc world;
that Belgium builds her fortifications us a herald buckles
on hi? sword, not dreading nu attack from n civilized
enemy, who would of course respect his sacred character of a guaranteed non-vomhntnut, but ns a defence
against any chance brawler or robber; nnd the Independence Beige does urge that if n Belgian fortification
is an insult, a Belgian army must be a mortal offence.
Wc must confess that, with all kindly appreciation of
the interest taken in us by our Parisian friends, we cannot see that we are aggrieved, or that they are insulted,
by tiicse Antwerp fortifications. Of course, it is very
unpleasant to have a loaded pistol pointed at you by
any one, but it might be in more formidable hands than
thoso of Leopold.—London Ximes.
In that Palazzo Vccehio of Florence which is so
familiar to every travelled Englishman a scene Is flow
passing well worthy to attract British sympathies. Tho
noblest and the best reputed of Ihe citizens of Tuscany
are diligently employed Upon precisely the same task
which our forefathers undertook and accomplished 171
years ago. They have now, ns England had then, a
Convention Parliament. They may now reasonably
resolve, as our Parliament resolved, that their Sover-
ing, having subverted the constitution of his kingdom
by breaking the original contract between King and
people, having violated the fundamental laws, and having withdrawn himself out of the kingdom, has abdicated the Government, and that the throne has thereby
become vacant. This grave nnd deliberately chosen
Representative Assembly is now re-enacting the part
which was played out iu these islands nt a crisis which
was the turning point of our national fortunes. The
sovereign power lies shattered about them; the very
Hall in which they meet is without a master; they
have nothing to destroy, but they have everything to
construct. They are in every respect, in just the same
position as wo were when the last of our Stuart King.s
had thrown the Great Seal into the Thames and had
gone to take refuge with the Monarch who was then
regarded as the hereditary foe of the English people.
There is an exactitude of parallel between these two
historical events which might well induce the Deputies
now assembled at Florence to study the steps by which
we ou that great occasion advanced to a complete, a
lasting, and an almost unique 3Uccess. Nothing could
be more deliberate and less governed by excitement
than the proceeding by which England forever changed
the dynasty of her sovereigns. When the populace desired to precipitate events-, und clamored for the immediate consummation of the Revolution, they were repressed as sternly, und the magistrates acted as
vigorously ns if the King had been nt Whitehall. No
mob was admitted to cheer and hiss, no popular violence
was allowed to influence the acts of the Deputies, or to
overbear the scruples of the hesitating peers. The
work was done, not by a violent demagogue like Lord
Lovelace, but by shrewd, sagacious men, like Mnynard
and Somers. Vou mny get up a capital street row in
an hour, but nothing requires more deliberate counsel
than the laying the foundations of a durable revolution.
So far as we can yet judge, tn~c Tuscans appear to be
following the spirit of the precedent which our history
offers. We hear of no violent debates and no extravagant demonstrations. Not only is there no symptom of
any such outbreak as that falsely reported by the Austrians to have declined nt Parma, and which occasioned so strong a momentary discouragement to the
friends of Italy, but the whole populace appear to rely
with confidence and in nil security upon the Emperor of
the French, and upon the moderation and firmness of
ti'icir Representatives. Baron Ricasoli assures the Assembly that Napoleon 111. has declared there shall be
no armed intervention, nnd that the wishes of the
country, legally expressed, shall be listened to. The
Government of England lias been appealed to by means
ofa Tuscan Delegate, and has naturally promised that
all her influence shall be in favor of non-interference
with Italian self-government. Tlie Sardinian Commissioner was allowed to depart without any disquieting
manifestation. The Assembly h;i3 placed the bust of
the French Emperor in the beautiful hall in which they
meet. But, with all this, the attitude oftho Tuscans is
firm nnd uncompromising upon the principal point
which they have met to decide. They have formally
decided that the dynasty of Lorraine cannot be recalled
or received again to reign over Tuscany, and they have
resolved that " it is the firm will of Tuscany to form
part of the Kingdom of Italy under the constitutional
sceptre of King Victor Emmanuel." Such is the position. Meanwhile Central Italy is drawing together an
army which, although too weak to withstand any serious
coercion, would be sufficiently strong to make coercion
a great sanguinary scandal. Florence would only yield
as Rome yielded, nnd the Emperor has promised that
this chapter of history shall not be repeated. Upon
that powerful and mysterious Sovereign the eyes of all
the world are now fixed. His lightest acts are interrogated for some indication of his intention. He encourages and reassures the Tuscan Deputies, and Italy is
radiant with joy ; but he receives kindly and graciously
the young Archduke of Tuscany, and Italy is plunged
into despair, lie is looked to as General Monk was
looked to, when all men ivero In suspense whether the
General intended lo restore the old line, or to set up the
tottering Republic, or to seize the crown for himself.
There is Victor Emanuel, the French Emperor's friend,
and comrade on the field of battle, who is very ready to
put out his hand to grasp the crown that is offered to
liiui, but who is not at present encouraged to make any
sign. There is the young Grand Duke, who stays in
Paris, wailing, at the Emperor's suggestion, to see whnt
may transpire. There is also a certain personage who
is now described to be discontented or disappointed,
and whose enthusiasm for Italian liberty is said to have
greatly cooled. Of these three it is probable that the
first i3 only to bo used ns a threat: the second is to be
accepted only in ense of necessity ; but, if that necessity
should occur, then to be accepted handsomely; the
third, sometimes supposed to be the-desired candidate,
is not to be rashly avowed, nor to bo lightly abandoned.
At present the tide rmi3 so strong in favor of Italian
unity thnt the oldest diplomatic heads are puzzled.
We have been told so often that Milan could never look
without jealousy upon Florence, nnd that both could
never look without contempt upon Turin, that we can
well imagine great, diplomatists requiring a little time
to rub their eyes before thoy commit themselves to a
recantation of their ancient belief. Perhaps the Emperor of the French may suspect the permanence of this
strong feeling for amalgamation, nnd may test it by a
little delay. While he mildly advises the restoration of
tho Grand Dukes by the month of his accredited ngont,
and while ho gently represses tho gravitation towards
Sardinia, he leaves open a third alternative, to which it
is just possible that the popular favor may at last turn.
Thus a conjuror forces n curd by rapidly withdrawing
from the offering finger and thumb every card other
than the one he destines to be taken ; thus a gambliiig-
housc keeper makes the revolving ball in a roulette-box,
after canoning and rebounding from a dozen compartments which his secret spring has closed, leaps at last
into the number which alone he hud left open.
At this moment, however, we believe that the llaliiins
have their destiny in their own hands. Napoleon 111.
is not insensible to the public opinion of Europe. Even
he cannot afford to close an epic so magnificent in its
commencement by a ridiculous conclusion. The Emperor of the French very well knows that words spoken
on Wednesday night by Mr. Cebdeii, at Rochdale, con
vey in simple language the universal feeling of this
country witli respect to the policy that must be pursued
<rith regard to Italy, lie knows that England will
never be brought lo sanction by a public act any settlement of Italy which is not made by the Italians
themselves. He knows that an enterprise to force
upon Italy, by the agency of the !)0,000 Frenchmen now
there, or by connivance ut nn Austrian invasion, any
other Government than that the people may approve,
would bo met by such universal execration that even
the French army would feel a reluctance to execute the
la.SK. If Italy bo true to herself, and if the Tnscnn
parliament exhibit as much firmess and perseverance ns
they have hitherto shown moderation and unanimity,
their present decision will be tho law of many future
generations of Italians. If they do not know their own
minds,—if, when they cry Victor Emanuel, tiny mean
Prince Jerome,—if their constituents, electing by universal suffrage, should differ from them in their views
of what is good for Italy, and if it is upon the
cards that the imnie of Jerome may leap from tho ballot-box when that of Victor Emanuel was expected, it
would be hard to blnme the French Emperor for interposing ft little delay for tho sake of such a result.
Come what may, however, it is highly improbable that
any force will bo used, and Tuscany and Modena nre
themselves responsible for their future Constitution.—
London Times.
My Lords and Gentlemen,—"VVe are commanded by Hor Majesty to release you from
further attendance in Parliment, and at the
same time to convey to you her Majesty's
acknowledgements for the gi'eat assiduity
with which you have applied yourselves to
the performance of your important duties
now about to cease.
Varioiib circumstances which have occasioned interruptions on'thc usual course of business, prevented tbo completion of important
measures which Her Majesty pointed ont to
the attention of her Parliment at the begin-
ing of the present year, but Her Majesty
trusts that those matters will bo taken into
your earnest consideration at an early period
of the next session.
Tho war, which had broken out in Northern Italy, having been brought to a close by
the peace of Villafranca, overtuixj.s have been
made to Her Majesty with ft view to ascertain whether, if conferences shall be held by
the great Powers of Europe, for the purpose
of settling arrangements connected with the
present stato and future condition of Italy, a
plenipotentiary would be sent by Her Majesty
to assist at the conference j but Her Majesty
had not received the information to decide
whether Her Majesty may think fit to take
part in any sueh negotiations.
Her Majesty would rejoice to find herself
able to contribute to tho establishment of arrangements calculated to place tho general
peace on satisfactory and lasting foundations.
Hor Majesty, in accordance with the stipulation of Tien-tsing, has instructed Hor Plenipotentiary in China to repair to tho Celestial
Court of Pekin, and trusts that such direct
communication with tho Imperial government
will have a beneficial effect upon the relations
of the two countries.
Her Majesty commands ns to inform you
that she looks forward with confidence to the
continuance of those friendly relations which
so happily exist between Her Majesty and
all foreign powers and States. Her Majesty
is glad to he able to congratulate you on the
complete restoration .of tranquillity in Hor Indian dominions. It will be Her Majesty's
earnest endeavor to promote their internal
improvement, and to obliterate the traces of
thoso conflicts which Hor Majesty witnessed
with sueh deep concern.
Tho financial arrangements of that portion
of Her Majesty's empire will continue to engage Her Majesty's serious attention.
Her Majesty has had great satisfaction in
giving her assent to the bills which were presented to her for tho formation ofa naval and
military reserve. A complete and permanent
system of national defences must at all times
he an object of param rut importance.
Gentlemen oftho House of Commons—Her
Majesty commands us to convey to you her
cordial thanks for the readiness and zeal with
which you have provided the necessary supplies for the service of the }-ear.
My Lords and Gontlcmen—Her Majesty
commands us to express to you her heartfelt
gratification at witnessing tho general well-
being and confontment which prevail throughout her dominions.
Tho happiness of Her Majesty's poople is
tho object nearest Her Majesty's heart.
In returning you to youi' respective counties you will havo duties to perform intimately connected with tho attainment of this
great end, and Her Majesty fervontly prays
that the blessings of Almighty God mny attend your exertions in tho performance of
those duties for the common good of all
classes of Her Majesty's subjects.
A French corps d'armce is being concentrated on the frontier of Belgium, and Marshal McMahon has heon appointed to its command.
His headquarters is to bo at Lillo.
It is supposed that this concentration of
troops has heon ordered in consequence of
tho projected additional fortifications at
Tho Belgian Chamber of Deputies has
voted in favor of tho proposed fortifications
by a large majority.
Another account says that largo numbers
of troops aro being concentrated at Lile.
The rumored duel between Marshal Can-
robert and Marshal Niel proved to have been
It is reported that General Cliangarnier
would refuse to accept tho amnesty offered by the Emperor Napoleon.
. The Emperor has ordered that 20,000 men,
whose term of service expires during the
present year, be disbanded, and allowed to
return home in September.
Tho French fleet was rapidly returning
The steamship Wosor, of the Bremen and
New York line, has been withdrawn at Bremen for repairs.
A wealthy manufacturer froia the west of Scotland,
while at Edinburgh on business, called upon Dr, Gregory for his advice. He was a man of middle stature,
rather corpulent, with a rosy complexion, nnd whose
exterior altogether spoke the comfortable liver. After
seating himself, ho said—"Well, Dr. Gregory, I ha'
coinc up to Edinbio' in the way o' business, and I just
thought I would take your advice about my health."
The following dialogue then ensued:—
Doctor—Your health, sir? What's the matter with
you?—Patient—I'm not just sae weel i' the stomach as
I'd like to be.
The stomach I I suppose you are a drunkard or
glutton, then, sir?—Na, na, Dr. Gregory, ye canna sa
that, ye cannasathat; ye maun ken that I'm a sober
.-non and a temperate mon, nnd a deacon o' the kirk,
as my worthy father was afore roe.
Let us see. What do you eat and drink ? What do
you take for breukfast?—I take coffee or tea, wi' toast,
and a fresh egg, or a bit o' salmon, though I have na
much appetite for breakfast.
Yes; arid then you take something by way of lunch
between breakfast and dinner?—I canna say I caro
ower much about the lunch, but can take a bit o' bread
and cheese, and a glass o' ale, if it be there, but canna
say I care ower much about it.
Well, what do you eat for dinner?—O, I'm not very
particular, tho' I maun say I like my dinner.
I suppose you take soup first ?—Yes, I canna say I
liko my soup.
And a glass of porter or brandy with it?—Yes, I like
glass o' something with the soup.
And then you have fish or beef and mutton with
vegetables! And a glass of ale or porter with them?—
Yes, I take a glass o' ale now and then wi' my meat.
And then yon have boiled fowl and bacon, or something of that.sort, I suppose?—I maun say I like a bit
o' fowl and bacon now and then.
And a glass of something with them?—Yes.
And after the fowl you have pudding?—I'm na fond
o' pudding, but I can take a bit if it be there.
And you must drink wine with the pudding ?—I
canna take ower much o" the wine; but if I ha' a
friend wi' me, I take a glass or so.
And then you have cheese or nuts ?—Yes: the gude
wife is ower fond o' them ; but I canna say I care much
about them.
But you take a glass or two of wine with your nuts ?
—Yes; a glass or two.
Well, you do not finish your dinner without whiskey
punch?—I find my dinner sets better on my stomach
with a little punch, so I take a glass or so.
And yon have tea, I suppose?—Yes, I maun take my
tea wi' the gude wife.
And a glass of something with it ?—Yes, I can take
something if it be there.
But do you not go to bed without your supper ?—
Na, na, Gregory, I canna say I like to gang to bed without my wee bit o' supper.
And what do you eat for snpper?—O, a bit o' anything, a bit o' salmon, or boiled tongue, or cold fowl.
And a glass of something with it ?—Yes.
And can you go to bed without a nightcap of hot
punch ?—I maun say I sleep better for a glass o' punch
tho' I canna say I'm fond o' the habit.
Well, sir, you're a fine fellow! You come to me with
a lie in your mouth, nnd tell me you are a sober man,
and a temperate man, and a deacon of the church, as
your worthy father was before you ; and you make
yourself out, by your own statement, to be a glutton,
and a wine bibber, and a whiskey tippler, and a beer
swiller, and a drinker of that most abominable of all
compositions, culled punch ! Go home, sir, and reform
yourself, and become temperate in your eating and
drinking, and you will have no need of my advice.
School Scknb.—" Boy, you seem to be quite smart
altogether too smart for this school; can you tell me
how mnny six black beans arc 1"—" Yes, sir, half-a-
•' Well, how many are half-a-dozen of white bonns ?"
—" Six."
" Tremendous smart boy 1 Now tell mo how many
white benns there lire in six-black ones?"
" Hiilf-n-do/.en, if you skin 'cm I"
In consequence of this answer, the scholar escaped
being skinned himself.
Who can tell us the age of tho Elder Berry, the number of pnges in the volume of Nature, or even the
width of a narrow escape ?
Qualifications of a Wife.—" If you marry," said an
uncle, " let it be to a woman who has judgment enough
to superintend the work of her house—taste enough to
dress herself—pride enough to wash herself beforo
breakfast—and sense enough to hold her tongue when
she has nothing to say."
Why is a thief who purloins a feather pillow like a
tear?—Because he steals soft down from the head, and
" I am afraid yon will come to want," said an old lady
to a young gentleman.—" I havo come to want already,"
was the reply ;." I want your daughter." The old lady
opened her eyes.
" Mother, send mo for the doctor."—" Why, my son 1"
—" Cause that man in the parlor is going to die—ho
said he would if sister Jane would not marry him—
and Jane said she wouldn't I"
A wag, passing through a country town, obesrved a
fellow placed in tho stocks, " My friond," said ho, " I
advise you, by all means, to pell out."—" I should havo
no objection, your honor," ho replied, drily "but at
present they seem much too low."
" What on earth is tho use of being eminent ?" ox-
claimed, recently, a celebrated politician, on looking
into a picture-shop. " Here have I been iu office for
ten yours—of course everything bad might be said
against me—and yet in all this collection I do not find
a single caricature of myself."
Some of our grocers, says the Dundee Advertise^
have got tea-bags illuminated with scones and texts
from Scripture. Those havo been christened " pious
paper-pocks," and much surprise is felt that such very
orthodox envelopments should not be nblo io exclude
chicory from coffee, or brown sand from sugar.
Sh/ipping   Intelligence.
Oct. K—Bark Glimpse, Gove. San Francisco.
Schr Reporter, Elger, Salt Spring Island.
Schr II C Page, (Ibery, Port Townsend.
Sloop J C Caswell, Taylor Port Townsend.
. Oct. 10—Str Brother Jonathan, Staples, Sun Francisco.
"Oct. 10—Str Reaver, Lewis, Steilncoora
Ship Alice Thorndike, Thorndikc, Port Townsend
Schr Colonist, Thiiin, Porl Townsend
Schr Langley, Dolholt, Nanaimo
Schr Wild Duck, Wolf, Port Townsend
Schr Lone Star, Kimmell, Bollovue.
Schr Victoria, O'Neill, Bellevue.
Oct. 1—Sloop Leonede, Allen, Purl Townsend.
Sloop J C Caswell, Taylor, Port Townsend.
Oct; It—Sclii' Pronto, Church, Port Townsend
Oct. 11,—Sir Panama, French, San Francisco
Bark Fanny Major, Woodlcy, San Francisco
Schr Victoria, OT'oill Bcllevuc.
Oct. 1—Sir Julia, Bushnell, Port Townsend.
Bark Zflndbar, Polack, San Francisco
Schr Wild Pigeon, Saunders, Port Townsend
Oct,  18—Str Eliza Anderson, Wells,   New   Westminster
Schr Black Hawk, Adams, Port Townsend
'..  Schr Kossuth, Foster, Port Townsend.
Schr Morning Slur, McKay, Northwest Const.
Sloop .1 C Caswoll, Taylor, I'orl Townsend.
Get, II—Schr Poller, Maliniey, San Francisco
Schr Harriot, Coffin, Port Townsend.
Schr Elizabeth, Meivin, Port Townsend
Oct.  7—Sloop Oct l'p and Get, Hoxio, Port Town-
Oct. H—Str Eliza Anderson, Wells, New Westminster
Bark Glimpse', Cove, San Francisco
Schr Cadboro, Ayres, New Westminster
SI,mp ,1 C Caswell, Taylor, Port Townsend
Oct.  Ill—Str Brother Jonathan, Staples, San Francisco
Schr Lone Star, Kimmel, Hellevue
Schr Victoria, O'Ncil, liellcvuo
Sloop .1 0 Caswell, Taylor, Port Townsend
Oct. 10—Schr Reporter, Elger, Salt Spring Island
SHir Pronto, Church, Port Townsend
(let. II—Str Panama, French, San Francisco
Schr Wild Duck, Wolf, Port Townsend
Oct. 1-—Str Julia, Bushnell, Port Townsend.
Ship Alice Thorndike, Thorndike, Melbourne, Australia
Sloop Leonede, Allen, Port Townsend.
Schr Wild Pigeon, Saunders, Port Townsend
Schr II C Huge, Obey, Port Townsend
Oct. 13—Schr Thames, Hewitt, Nanaimo.
Schr Langley, Dolholt, Nanaimo
Schr Cnroleiia, Jones, Port Townsend.
Sloop .1 C Caswell, Taylor, Port Townsend
Oct.   11— Str   Eliza  Anderson,   Wells,  New  Westminster
Schr Elizabeth, Meivin, Port Townsnd
£   s.  d.
One Inch, on under,—One insertion,  0    5   0
" " One month,  0 16   0
" " Three months,  2    0   0
" " Six months,  3 10    0
Two Inches, ou less,—One insertion,  0   8    0
" " One month,  I    41   0
" Throe months  3 10   0
.,      " " Six months,...; .*.;  6   0   0
Four Inches, on less—Ono insertion  0 15   0
' " One month,  2   4   0
' " Three  months,  G00
Advertisements of larger dimensions, or for longer
periods, as per agreement. ' ■ '
Advertisements in the " Business Directory," not
exceeding three lines, £1 4s. per quarter.
etc., etc., etc.
Executed   in the   neatest manner,  and   with   the
greatest despatch, at the Office   of the " New West-
jii.nst.eii Times."
F. Herring, New Westminster.
S. T. Tillev, Fort Hope.
D. W. Higgins, Fort Yale,
f'oxon k Co., Port Douglas.
ft   !fofo (•Olcstininsfcr (Times.
^^     In   A'aneouver  Island,   however,
where the conformation of the country, and
its geographical position and advantages render it comparatively easy, those engineering
works, whereon depend the vitality and progress of a country, where circumstances have
established a thriving town, and induced the
settlement of a numerous and comparatively
wealthy  community,  and  where the  Land
Office, with  all its faults, is at least alivo to
selling land, we search in vain fur the slightest
exhibition of interest in this Colony's welfare
on the part of that body whose tint}-it should
especially be, to promote it.   In the interim
of the Company's cession of this Colony, and
the resumption of its control by the Government, it may be  urged that a partial or  divided Legislation  is subjected to technical
difficulties.     But if the Hudson's Bay Company have declined to disburse money for the
use of the Govornmont/ on the ground that
their tenure  of power is possibly limited to
the arrival of the next mail  from England,
and which, after the Duke of Newcastle's remarks upon a recent occasion can scarcely be
doubted, the same expectation nnd the same
arguments should  weigh  wilh the Commons
of this Colony to assume the functions of the
Company, to examine into the state  of the
colonial revenue, and to address themselves
seriously and systematically to the study of
the colony's wants.    The Colonial  Surveyor
of Vancouver Island, with the consent of a
governor whose interest in the progress and
welfare of this Colony admits of no doubt,
has made progress in the settlement of farmers upon the soil by modifying the terms of
purchase.   But even farmers are non-enriching occupants, if their produce be hermetically sealed in their barns, for Avant of roads
to transport  it to   market, and who, without means of  communication,  must cither
absolutely fail, or never advance beyond self-
supporting consumers.    Some will say funds
for making roads are found in the proceeds of
land sales—and very truly so, for to no other
purpose, save to such works, and to assisting
immigration to our shores from tho mother
country, should tho land revenue be appropriated.    Hitherto, however, in Vancouver
Island tho proceeds of land sales have been
applied chiefly to the support of the officials,
police, justice, and tho erection  of government offices   and   such like.     Simply  and
wholly because His Exckixency, the governor, has, in  our opinion, failed, in  his endeavors  to obtain tho aid of the'Legislative
Assembly towards the procural of other revenue, and which  cannot fail to be admitted
as a matter of paramount importance.    Tho
bickerings between the  Assembly and the
Governor, on every occasion of an appeal
to tho former, have been reorded by the press
of the day, at one time assuming functions to
which they had no right, at another ignoring
their legitimate  duties, they presented the
deplorable spectacle, of an Assembly at loggerheads with Her Majesty's representative,
tho Governor of this colony.   With tho inauguration of a new Assembly, the country
will expect tho early introduction of such financial measures, as may enable the Colony
to support tho   general   expenses   without
trenching upon   the   agricultural interests;
otherwise the whole machinery of Legislation must come to  a dead lock, tho colony
dwindle into  her former insignificance, and
disgrace and failure attend the powers that
• "The iiinate sources of wealth oftho Colonv of
Vancouver-' Island, though not so developed
as those of British Columbia, are .none the
less acknowledged. But a source of wealth,
like uncleared land, is a dormant material,
unavailable, unless developed, and until then,
in a large sense, valueless. A question that
may fairly arrest attention at the present
moment is, have efforts commensurate with
tho stake at issue and with the requirements
of tho people been yet made to open out these
resources? In British Columbia, if in the
public works, the improvement of New Westminster, survej's of agricultural lands, opening of roads, &c, the execution has been but
imperfect or dilatory, at least the merit of
an effort to procure means for such works
has to be admitted. Ilevonue has been derived from mining licenses and harbor dues;
customs' duties havo been adopted, bringing
in some £G0,000 a year, and when a sound organization is established by an Executive
Council, when the subordinate departments
aro urged into activity and placed under efficient superintendence, progress will be made,
for the sine qua non, tho money to enable-
them to do so, iu some measure, will be forth-
Gueat undertakers sometimes talk of Stemming a
tide, hut it is a poor tide which any human undertaker,
unaided by steam or other more powerful auxiliary, can
successfully attempt to stem. It is neither an Amazon
nor a Mississippi ; not even a mountain stream. A
stream is frequently successfully turned, hut to.stop it
is beyond the power of man. Who can make that flow
eastward which is flowing westward? Who can make
that, (low up which Is flowing down? To accomplish
such an object, the plane of the earth must lie inverted
—the world turned upside down. It is apparent that
the tide of emigration is nil flowing from Hie East, to
the West, nnd no man can alter the current without
accomplishing the greatest Inversion or subversion of
all existing institutions which the world has ever yet
experienced. No emigration toward the eastward iu
the present day can be successful. It is possible that a
solitary individual may succeed, but the great tide of
humanity can never run in that direction till old things
become new. Had the French known this, they would
never have attempted to colonize Algeria. France has
not introduced civilization there; tho French have
become Algorines — not the Algerines French. No
attempt to form a colony of western civilizcrs in an
eastern eeimtry can be successful. It is folly; experience forbids it. Yet eastern countries have fertile
lands, mighty rivers, and some of them salubrious
climates. Nol these eastern countries, more especially
the Mohammedan ones, are cataracts up which oven the
steamers of civilization cannot ascend.
England is the north-western terminus of the Old
World, and it is for that reason sho now enjoys the
greatest amount of political and religious freedom of
any European nation. It is not exclusively because she
is an island, or because her soil is more fertile, or her
people more industrious and intelligent, but from the
fact that'her people are eastern people, driven westward
on the early surges of the tide. AVe came from Germany, the Germans from Hungary, and the Hungarians
from the Caucasus. Had our forefathers not pressed on
to the ends of tho then known earth, we should have
now been struggling in the East, for those liberties
they long since secured in the land of their destiny.
When nien seek more liberty, they do not go to the
eastward, but away, away to the fur West, where liberty
is developed even in the vvildncss of the interminable
forests. Wc arc not content with the amount of political
freedom our countrymen enjoy in England, bul we want
what every free-born Englishman has; and as there
should be some inducements held out for the encouragement of immigration, we want a freer franchise bill,
and, if possible, more liberal institutions than our fellow-countrymen possess in England. Such we would
doubtless have obtained, had the political meeting held
in flic Assembly Hall been allowed to exercise their
own good judgment, and had they not suffered themselves to be led by "wolves in sheep's clothing,"—
" pseudo friends." We are not of the party who say
that politics alone constitute a civilization, or that they
are all the wants of tlie people that the Press need look
after, for we know full well that no such specimen of
civilization exists, and further that there is no evidence
that exclusive attention to politics has in any way improved the morals of a people. Witness the United
States of America—more especially California—vvlvere
will you find less morality, less brotherhood, and more
dishonesty, unscrupulousness, and political strife than
there? Such deeds ns have disgraced her political
history are unknown in any other portion of the globe;
therefore, it is far from our intention to lead the
inhabitants of Ihcsc Colonies to suppose that political
fnel,nn is all they require j bin we do wish them to
understand that there is a certain amount of freedom to
which thoy are justly entitled. To what extent that
freedom should be carried, we have already stated in
an article in our Supplement of Thursday, nnd again
presented to our readers iu our last publication. Political discussions are to a certain extent necessary, and
are of great Importance to trade and commerce, as the
freer tlie people tlie higher is the standard of civilization, and the higher the civilization the greater are the
requirements of the people. Properly conducted discussions may be said to have a moral effect, upon the
popular mind. Our own countrymen are now so very
different from what they were in Popish times when
Political discussions were forbidden, that upon a perusal of the history of those times we can hardly believe
that wc are the same people. The United States, in
these freedom of discussion principles, to a certain extent
enjoy the benefit of their descent from us. What they
would have been without our tuition, may be conjectured
by reference to the political state of Mexico, Chile, or
Peru, and in fact to nny other Popish colony ; but the
Americans carry politics so far that they have degenerated into rudeness. Colonial prosperity alone attends
English principles, and a due observance of those principles and the principles which have raised Australia in
a few short years from a small convict establishment to
be one of the first countries in the world, will increase
the growth of these Colonies. We see thet the tide of
emigration must continue to flow westward, and that
this country must eventually be the terminus; it is
therefore only natural to suppose that we shall be, if
the fullest political freedom is accorded to us, second to
none of the mighty off-shoots of the English nation.
Wc are the pioneers of a great and enlightened people;
let us strenuously endeavor to obtain a franchise bill
commensurate with the wants of this Colony, and having obtained it, by our moral and political conduct,
prove ourselves worthy of the great honor that has
fallen to our lot.
Bv request, we give insertion to the following Idler, which appeared in the Colonist of Friday 14th
Victoria, Oct. 13th, 1859.
Sin,—The following facts will, I nm sure, relieve Mr.
Ring from the imputation conveyed in your last paper.
The public insult of which Mr. Ring complains, was
given by Mr. Cnry on Thursday last. He refused to
retract, apologise, or be bound by a Court of Honor.
Ho had the whole interval between Thursday and
Saturday morning to yield to Mr. Ring's demand.
At one o'clock on Saturday I called upon him as Mr.
Ring's friend, and delivered the letter which he has
published, wherein Mr. Ring plainly informs him that
iu tlie event of his then declining his challenge, he
should denounce him in the most public way—as lie has
done. Mr. Gary refused all Mr. Ring's demands, and on
the Sunday morning following started for British Columbia at half-past 8 o'clock, that is, not till twenty
hours after he was fully aware of Mr. Ring's intention.
The letter was then published by my advico without
further delay.
I am, Sir, yours obediently,
Jons G. Barnston.
From the above, it will clearly be seen, how unjust
were tho imputations sought to be cast upon Mr. Ring,
in the remarks by the editor of the Colonist of the previous Wednesday, and we rejoice to find that ho showed
equal alacrity in correcting the false impression created
by their publication. We arc not at all desirous of
giving more publicity to this unfortunate misunderstanding than is absolutely necessary, but still, wo
think that up to the present time, the Attorney General
has no cause for complaint against Mr. Ring, upon the
ground that he was not aware that Mr. Ring contemplated laying the facts before the public, and we feel
confident that Mr. Gary is fully prepared to hear of the
steps that have been taken by Mr. Ring, and in this we.
shall bo borne out by the statement made by Mr. Ring
before Mr. Justice Pemberton, on Wednesday last, on
the occasion of his being bound over to keep the peace,
particulars of which will be found in another
column—as well as by the above, letter, at the
same time, wc would have it distinctly understood that the official business which required the Attorney General's attention in British Columbia, was of
such a nature as necessitated his proceeding there at
the time he did, and therefore any insinuation that he
did so from any other motive than a desire to attend to
his duty, would be as unjust as the accusation against
Mr. Ring.
£ocal Intelligence.
The Treasurer of the  Royal Hospital  presents his
compliments to the editor of the '-New Westminster
Times,"  nnd begs he will kindly publish the following
liberal donations :—
Per T. Harris, Esq.,—Nett proceeds of a Ball
given at the Royal Hotel,	
Per Lieut. Lambe, R. N.—Nett proceeds of an
Amateur Theatrical Performance by the Officers of II. M. S. " Ganges," under the patronage of Rear Admiral Baines, C. B	
Thanks, in the name of the Hospital Committee, are
tendered to Messrs. Reed and McDonald, for the use of
a room gratuitously fitted up ns a theatre.
Victoria, 17th Oct., 1850.
On Thursday, Cth inst., a well sustained cricket match
took place on Beacon Hill, between the gentlemen of
Victoria and the officers of Her Majesty's licet now lying
nt Esquimalt.
The gentlemen not being able to get '< an eleven,"
were assisted by Lieuts. Downes and Dunlop, of II. M.
S. Tribune, and another match took place on Saturday,
8th inst., which terminated in favor of the Naval officers.
First Innings.
Mr. Howard cili Brawn,	
Mr. Trutch, sr., b Brown,	
Mr. Bnrnston b Brown,	
Mr. Drake, run out,	
Mr. Young b Brown,	
Mr. Dewdnoy, run out,	
Lieut. Dunlop b Brown,	
Capt. Gordon bPiele,	
Mr. Trutch, jr., run out,	
Lieut. Downes, not out	
Mr. Penrse b Pielc	
Byes, wides, &c. kc,	
.. 7
.. 1
.. 1
... 1
... B
... 3
... I
... G
.. 0
... 4
Total. 53
Second Innings.
Mr. Howard b Picle, 11
Mr. Trutch, sr., b Pielc   1
Mr. Barnston, not out,  2
Mr. Drake, not out,  2
Byes, wides, &c. &c,  2
Lieut. Mayne c Howard b Young,  0
Mr. Hills c Barnston b Young,  0
Capt. Hornby b Young,   1
Mr. Brown b Young,  0
Lieut. St. John b Young,  0
Lieut. Piele b Barnston, 12
Lieut. Owen b Young,  0
Lieut. Philliniorc c Dunlop b Barnston, 3
Mr. Kelso hit wickets, - 1
Mr. Lawson, not out ,  0
Lieut. Fane b Young,  3
Byes, wides, &c. kc  2
Total, 22
Having got the score as above, the rain came on and
prevented the finish ; the gentlemen having the advantage.
First Innings.
Lieut. Dunlop, runout,  0
Mr. Dewdney b Brown, 10
Mr. Barnston e 4 b Lawson,  7
Mr. Drake b Brown,  4
Lieut. Downes, not out  2
Mr. Howard b Lawson,  0
Mr. Alston b Brown,  0
Mr. Young b Brown,  0
Mr. Trutch, sr., hit wickets,  0
Mr. Trutch, jr., b Brown,  0
Mr. Williams c * b Brown  0
Byes, wides, &c. &c,  2
On Wednesday morning last, Mr. Ring was called upon
for his personal security in £500, and two sureties of
£100 each, to keep tho peace towards the Attorney
General, whom he had challenged.
Mr. R. contended that the proceeding was now wholly
superfluous, That he had done with the. Attorney
General now, although that gentleman, was aware of
tlie course which Mr. King was about to take, and had
asked Mr. Barnston why he had not, instead of bringing him a challenge, advised his friend, Mr. Ring, to
go over to his (the Attorney General's) office (mi punch
his head. .Such was the language of the Attorney
General (said Mr. Ring,) pointing out a course which
was as brutal as tlie terms used wero gross and vulgar,
and which he should never adopt. The Attorney General was therefore, perfectly safe from molestation at
his hands.
Ultimately, Mr. Ring's own security in £500 was accepted, and Mr. Bnrnston and Mr. Franklin, who had
volunteered on Mr. Ring's behalf, were uot called upon
to be his further bail,
Thomas Rabson, who was most unceremoniously arrested ou Wednesday last, by the Superintendent of
Police, and fined by Mr. Justice Pemberton for an offence
which he asserts was not proven, purposes bringing nn
action against Mr. Bailey for the illegal iirrest. There
can be no doubt the proper course was to have proceeded against Mr. Rabson by summons.
We should be glad to see some steps taken by t),c
authorities for lighting the streets of this town, now
that winter is stealing on us rapidly, and we do not
conceive thai any inhabitant would object to the small
tax necessary to raise a sufficient sum to accomplish so
necessary an improvement.
We have to call the attention of the Police to a deep
well situated in the vacant space immediately in rear.of
tho jail, which is constantly left uncovered at night
and from its being in the centre of a much frequented
thoroughfare, wc should like to sec some measures
adopted to render it less dangerous.
We learn that the sporting gentry contemplate holding a race meeting shortly, with a view of making
arrangements for the " Nimrods " to show their mottle,
and that Thursday week will probably be the day up.
pointed. It is a pity that a more extended notice was
not given lo those desirous of competing, in order that
a little training might have augmented the interest
always attached to this truly English sport.
 <, .
The range of the thermometer, nt the Boundary
Commission Astronomical Camp of Capt. Hnig, in British Columbia, has been from 2(i° to S30 of Fahrenheit,
within the 24 hours on some days in September. The
trail cut by the Commission to the camp, passes over
an altitude of 6000 feet, and Ihe country thereabouts
is described ns magnificently rugged.
Col. Hawkins, Boundary Commissioner, arrived at
Panama on 1st September, with dispatches from Gov.
Douglas to the English Government. It will be remembered that this officer left us immediately after the
occupation of San Juan by U. S. troop?, and doubtless
upon his arrival in England a correct statement of tho
particulars of this outrage will be laid before the Government by him.
communications addressed to the Editor must have
real signatures, not necessary for publication, but
merely as a guarantee of good faith, and must he
written on one side of the paper only. We are
not responsible for the opinions of our correspondents.
Second Innings.
Lieut. Dunlop b Lawson,  0
Mr. Dewdney b Lawson   1
Mr. Barnston, not out, 34
Mr. Drakeb Brown,  0
Lieut. Downes b Brown  7
Mr. Howard b Brown,  0
Mr. Alston b Brown  0
Mr. Young b Lawson, „. 1
Mr. Trutch, sr., b Brown,  1
Mr. Trutch, jr., b Brown,  0
Mr. Williams b Brown,  0
Total second innings 54
Total first innings, 31
Total both innings, 85
First Innings.
Mr. MolyneUX slumped Howard,  3
Lieut. Owen b Barnston,  4
Capt. Hornby b Young,  0
Lieut. St. John c A b Howard 20
Mr. Hills b Young,  2
Mr. Brown c Bnrnston b Howard, 10
Lieut. Phillimoro b Howard, 17
Mr. Aitcheson b Howard,  2
Mr. Law-son, not out,   1
Lieut. Parker b Young,  0
Mr. Kelso c Bnrnston b Young,  1
Byes, wides, &c. kc, ,  7
Total, 0T
Second Innings.
Capt. Hornby, leg before wicket,  0
Mr. Hills b Bnrnston,  0
Lieut. Phillimoro, not out  6
Mr. Lawson, not out,  8
Byes, wides, &e. &c,  C
Total second innings, 20
Total first innings, 07
Total both innings, 87
Total gentlemen's innings 85
— 2
The Navy winning by 2 runs, and 8 wickets to go
The steamer Eliza Anderson arrived from New Westminster on Thursday, with 80 passengers. His Excellency Governor Douglas, and Mr. Charles Good, Private
Secretary, came down by her. She brought $0,000 in
gold dust, by Bnllou's Express.
By steamer Brother Jonathan—Messrs. Wells, Fargo
k Co., $ 0,030
Messrs. Freeman k Co.,      8,350
Total $17,080
(To the Editor of the "New Westminster Times.")
Sin,—Pray do the English community of these colonies the incalculable favor to give the editors of tho
British Colonist and Victoria Gazettea hint that their correspondents aro much obliged to them, for supposing thnt
the meaning of each paragraph, in any communication
addressed to them is so obscure, ns to need attention
being directed to it, thereby destroying the sense as
well as the appearance of a letter ; I take the Colonist
of last Friday as nn example of this style: " Reply to
Rev. W. F. Clarke," "Voluntary Endowment," "Not
an advocate for a Colonial Church," "Rather dislike*
The above may bo a very pretty American fashion
und, perhaps, needed in " backwoods publications,"
hut, assuredly, the inhabitants of these colonies are indebted to the "able, editors referred to for the jiigh
opinion they evidently entertain of their intellectual
(Editor "N. W. Times.")
Victoria, loth Oct. 1859.
Mr. Editor—In common with the handful of miserable British here, I feel a natural sympathy for you, in
your sufferings under the mighty lash ot the " News-
paperling." Your paper has, doubtless, by this time,
expired under its withering sarcasm, and it only remains for us to hope that the conqueror will be merciful to the vanquished (including the aforesaid British,)
and not attempt to qualify us for a lunatic asylum,
before the prosperity of the colony is so far re-established, as to warrant the erection by the Government
of a spacious building for our reception.
That the hint thrown out above is not unnecessary,
the following incident will prove. On Thursday last,
a friend who had often mentioned to me the dreadful
state of mind lie was reduced to, whenever he attempted to fathom the meaning of a Gazette article—rushed
with disheveled hair into my presence, Gazette iu hand,
and fortunately the table lay between us, or, in his
then excited state, I  should  have been in bodily fear.
Mr. -said  he, at length.    What is a date?   I
answered, controling ray fear as well as I could : A
date is a period or point of timo. " You fool," he
roared, tho Gazette says it is "San Juan Island, Pngct
Sound," and rushed from ray sight. Ho now lies iu a
very precarious state. Unless the valiant Harney
evacuates the date quickly, and takes his tools, Gazette
and all, with him, we may all bo taken in a similar
As certain signs portend thnt this will soon happen,
we shall havo to regret tho loss of much valuable information about ourselves, our Institutions, nnd our
history, that can only be got from the columns of the
Gazette. For instance, we were told on Thursday, that
the Irish famine caused tho repeal of tho Corn Laws,
whereas, in our childish Ignorance wc had hitherto
supposed that they were repealed in consequence of tho
growing conviction of Ihe nation that tlie protective
system was injurious to its best interests. We, also
thought, and in this point are glad to be put right—
that the Corn Laws were repealed in 1840, while the
Irish famine occurred in the winter of 1817-8.
I am afraid, too, thnt our language will lose much
of its grace and beauty, after the departure of tho
Gazelle. You, Mr. Editor, are shockingly ungrninmnti-
cal, therefore 1 shall not ask you the meaning of the
word ainl, but if the Gazette would enlighten us ou tho
point, before it leaves us forever, we Cftuld hardly be too
thankful for such an elegant addition to our tongue.
Its value at present is certainly lessened by our utter
ignorance of its meaning. " Why ainl somebody curing it," is the sentence in Tuesday's issue, I quote from,
and it almost had ns great an effect on me, as tho
astounding news of " San Juan," being a date, had on
my poor friend. Is aint one word or an nbrevittf*Q»-,P.f.
two. If the latter, what is tho first word nbrcviatcd.
I have heard of such abreviations as don't, for do not,
doscn't, for does not, can't, for cau not, &c, but ainl is
too much for me.
When the Editor has answered this, I will trouble
him for a little more information ou the subject of this
grammar, being compelled to go to the only source
where such can bo got; but perhaps—as he has givea
such evident and painful signs of dissolution lately--
he may havo  departed  ere this, and in that case will
causo   no   more   congestion  of  the  brain   to  I
wns going to say an Englishman,—hut am reminded of
the more appropriate and refined term.
To the Editor N. W. Times :
Sin:—It has frequently occurred to me, upon Iicarint,'
thiit tho funds oftho Victoria Hospital aro sadly inadequate for its support, that the monthly salary of $ln0
paid to the Surgeon, Dr. Trimble, is a most unnecessary
expense From my knowledge of tho other medical
gentlemen of this town, I am quite sure they would g
most willingly undertake Dr. Trimble's duties gratuitously, and in"fact, I am sure Dr. Trimhlo himself would
most willingly contribute a share of tho required medical aid to the poor patients who so much need it.
Victoria, Oct. II, 1850, THE  NEW  WESTMINSTER TIMES.
Uritisl)  Columbia.
Asv prospective settler in British Columbia who had
stopped  on his way  to that Colony, nt San Francisco,
and had journeyed thence to Victoria, without entering
tlie above named Colony, would, if his experience had
been ought like mine, have some such an idea of its
character  and  prtspects  as  follows:—That  it was a
bleak, inhospitable region, only to be approached by
entering Eraser's River, which river is a dangerous, rapid
and  tumultuous  torrent,  rushing through  pine clad,
nnd  declivitous  rocks of granite, and  bearing on its
surface fragments of broken canoes, boats, and numerous bodies  of unfortunate  miners  who had perilled
their existence in the search alter the much coveted ycl_
low metal, which said metal only existed in sufficient
quantities here and there ou the liars caused by the declining waters, to prove that it did exist.    Should you
enquire if there were nny agricultural or meadow land
in this most unfortunate of colonies, a dismal shrug of
the shoulders, or an Lndigant negative, would be your
answer, your informant protesting that he had perilled
his lite iu visiting this awful region, expressly for the
purpose   of   satisfying  himself  as   to   its  resources,
thai there was not an acre of good land in tlie colony,
and that its chances of future success were nil.    Such,
sometimes  a shade  better, sometimes n  shade worse,
were   the   invariable  accounts I   received  of Brilish
Columbia.—Iu addition, that the climate was a fearful
one, and  that of nil  horrors,  nothing was worse than
the mosquitos   who    drive    cattle   and    mules   mad,
and rendered living in tlie neighborhood perfectly impracticable to human beings.    Besides these  dangers,
there was another insurmountable one.   Tribes of murderous and thieving Indians were always on  the watch
<o  kill or rob any unsuspecting and friendly traveller,
and this alone, was sufficient to deter the boldest adventurer from  risking his life  iu  such a place,    Mo-
thought 'twas odd; some months parsed in conjecture,
and I  began to be iniiocuhited with the same venom
Against this wretched colony.    But on a sudden the old
saying ''seeing is believing," luckily occurred to me—
so 1 determined to visit this dangerous  locality myself.    1 should at any rule have the benefit of the ex- l
citement which   always   accompanies danger, and  I
should from  my  own  testimony, be able to  confirm
what was so widely slated as truth, so I prepared for
my journey, dreamt of revolvers, with which I killed
hundreds of treacherous savages, loaded  myself with
mosquito  nets, lifebelts, and  preservers, and in fact,
fortified   myself with  every  precaution known   and
unknown against the supposed  dangers nnd difficulties
that awaited me.    A sojourn of some weeks in the districts of Fraser River, during which time I have done
every thing in ray power to ascertain truth, seeing that
I  have  canoed, boated, walked, steamed, and ridden,
camped out and camped  in,  have enabled me to give
you  a pretty fair idea  of tlie enemy, which 1 propose
doing weekly, in your valuable journal, until my experience has   been exhausted.    I dont know by what
simile best to paint my surprise and astonishment ns I
have greeted every new feature,  and each grand  resource of this most maligned portion of Her Majesty's
dominions, and  my astonishment  has for  some  time
parulized  me. and rendered me incapable of wielding
ray pen, but 1 have eventually recovered, and propose
taking  on  me  the  onerous and perchance thankless
office of defending the Colony of British Columbia and
its interests, as far as my   limited [lowers will enable
me.    I shall, therefore, endeavor in n series of articles
to lay before the public the following facts, in respect
to British Columbia, not In any regular method, but ns
they occur to me, viz : The agricultural, mineral, and
various resources tlie prospects of its capita! and other
towns ; the nature  nnd character of the  inhabitants,
civilized nnd barbarian; the means of communication,
present and  prospective, by road and river; the methods of packing, and prices, both by whites and Indians ;  the climate and the scenery ; nnd last, but not
least, the difficult and  tortuous subject  of the  future
connection of the sister colonies of British Columbia
and Vancouver Island, and the probability of their annexation.
neighborhood leads me to think that this would act well
at present were right men chosen ; but this state of
things may change ; and in setting agoing such an institution, where a body of men are brought together, I
don't wish to see strangers come in nnd undo, what has
been well begun, by ignorance, faction, and mere numerical majorities.
To secure the building alluded to in my former letter,
I have been obliged to buy it myself, and be at the risk
and inconvenience involved. I do not think 1 shaii
regret it. The ohject I know is good, nnd the interest
evinced in Fort Hope and on the river encouraging.
The change in my method of management, and in tho
public character of the plan in one sense, does not,
however, preclude my asking for the kind assistance of
any who feel interested in it: snehttid being now viewed
as a loan, bearing 10 per cent, interest, to be returned
wilhin two years, or sooner If possible. On my own
part, any such friends and aiders, may rest assured, that
I will do my best to render the institution a public
benefit. Though in my own hands, the wishes of subscribers shall be studied. I shall invite subscribers to
name newspapers, reviews or books which they may-
wish circulated, and my veto on the admission of subscribers and publications should be exercised with
caution. I do not consider it in the light of a private
speculation, by any means, for 1 shall earnestly nnd
hopefully desire the time when I can make over the
library, house, and half the lot I have purchased, ns
a free gift on approved conditions to this town, in whose
prosperity I feel a very sincere interest, nnd tlie promotion of which I shall seek in every way I can, so long
j as I have anything to do with it.
1 shall esteem it a favor if those who have favored
me wilh their aid already will kindly Inform me of their
wishes, and should they not coincide with Ihe change I
allude to, I will take an early opportunity of returning
their donations.
I am, Sir, your ob't serv't,
A. D. Prixolk.
Fort Hope. Oct. 11 th, 1850.
On 1st January, 1860.
Will   be   Published,
/CONTAINING authentic information upon every sub-
^-/ ject connected with these colonics and a complete
:„i *■„.,,: i i  i>..«s _»   i\; .  ...    ..
official, professional, and Begin
salaries of all Government offiv
Sir,—I nm glad to be able to give you some encouraging news from the Upper Fraser, and more valuable
from being entirely reliable. Two miners, who have
just returned from 100 miles above Fort Alexander, and
who have worked on Canal (QuesneH's) river, and upwards, give, most favorable nccouuts of those parts ns
gold bearing localities. On Qucsnell river, three
hundred men were working with average success, and
making good wages ; the only drawback being tlie
price of provisions. The reports as to numbers of
men having entered from Red river, were not authentic,
nor wns the report of the return of miners in large
numbers, and the throwing away of tools, as mentioned
in the Victoria Gazette, correct. Those men assured
me they sold a few rough tools for $21.
On the Fraser River, above tho entrance of QiicsneH's
river, very prosperous claims wero being worked
at from $10 to $50 per day. The old story about mere
surface diggings, was also incorrect. By all the streams
and creeks entering the Upper Frnscr, oxcellcnt pros-
pectings hnd been made ; in fact everything tended to
prove the extent oftho auriferous deposits of the Upper
Eraser, nnd nil practical miners assert that the gold
discoveries of these regions are quite in their infancy.
The trail from Lillooet's Flat to QuesneH's river is reported ns good ns need be. I may mention that the
miners who gave mo thi., .ltelligence, were possessed
of considerable means, nnd they assured me that the
chances of a miner in this country were, at the present
nigh prices of provisions, on nn average superior to
California, and that when the roads wore open and
prices of food reasonable, they would bo infinitely
superior.    My Informants were Americans.
Your ob't. serv't.
To the Editor N. W. Times :
Sir:—The advertisement of the Fort Hope. Rending
Room and Library and my letter to nis Excellency the
Governor on the subject, have been laid before your
readers. Under these circumstances, I feel it duo to
those gentlemen at Victoria nnd New Westminster, and
in my own locality, who have taken an interest in the
proposal, to acquaint them with any change in the plan,
as I have stated it already; and I should feel obliged if
you would give these remarks the same publicity as my
former ones, to guard against misconception.
I still adhere to my plan of establishing a Reading
Room and Library, for the perusal of newspapers, the
n'!vantages of a permanent and circulating library, the
delivery of lectures, and the promotion of social nnd
friendly intercourse ; (bnt instead of founding it, as a
corporate institution,' I intend doing so on my own
responsibility, and under my own management.
I feel obliged to ndopt this course. The present state
Of society in British Columbia, and its changeful character, make it impossible to arrange a form of self-government, which shall ensure-tho efficient carrying on of
the institution upon sueh a broad and safe basis nswill
•■"sure its stability as a permanent advantage to the
'own and locality.
One or Iwo considerations, I think, will shew this.
« corporate body of subscribing members elect their
PWD. committee.    My knowledge of Fort Hope and the
FlRE.—A little before five o'clock this morning, a lire
broke out in the premises of Mr. Thomas Pattrick, wine
and spirit merchant, corner of Johnston and Government-streets,    Owing to tlie combustible nature of the
stock, the (lames burst forth with a rapidity and extent
that nt one time  threatened to envelope almost  the
whole of the adjoining houses, if not indeed, the town
itself.   Some considerable time elapsed before anything
of a very effective nature could be accomplished, and it
was not until a number of Marines arrived, under Cap-
| tain Bazalgette, that anything like an organized mode
of proceeding was adopted.   Owing to the exertions,
however oi" this body,  aud the  strenuous efforts of a
number of ti;fi inhabitants, Mr. Cusheon's hotel was
fortunately saved, and the fire confined to the building
in which it originated.    The II. B. Company's engine
wns, after a length of time, got to work, and the Haines
were quickly subdued.     The streets   were thronged
with Indians, who evidently considered the occasion n
good opportunity to practise their thieving propensities;
but several Marines being appointed as guards over the
goods which were taken out of the different houses in
the excitement, they were sorely disappointed.   The
fire, it is said, had its origin in the  upper apartments
of the building, tenanted by a French music teacher,
and was  caused  by the careless manner in which  a
StOVC-pipe had been erected.    The loss is estimated at
$12,000.    Mr. Ousheon is aboa loser to a considerable
amount.    We  take this opportunity to urge upon the
inhabitants Iho vital necessity of establishing an efficient lire brigade, and wo hope to see a meeting held nt,
once,  to take the  necessary stops.    For it is an undoubted fact that, had not the rainy weather, nnd the
culm nature of the wind,  fortunately existed at   the
time, all the puny efforts that wc are capabnblc of exerting at present, would not have prevented the total
destruction of Victoria itself.
V ggjral Juteiligcntc.
Directory—with the
Is, kc, kc
Professional, and Business Gentlemen, are particularly requested lo furnish the undersigned with such
information respecting their names, places of business,
kc, ns may be in their power, at the ollice of the "New
Westminster Times."
SO.   49   ST.   JAMES'   8TREKT,
Jmsmcss girfctorn.
Surgeon, Ac.
OFFICE  in   Trounce's-allcy,   between
and Yatcs-strcet, Victorin.
F. S. A.
The IU. Hon. the Earl Talbot, K. O,
B. B. Cabbell, Esq., M. P., F. It. S.,
Henry Pownoll, Esq.
Sir Claude Scott, Bart.
Chairman.—Lieut. Col. Lord A. Lennox.
Pep. Chairman.—T. G. Granger, Esq., M. P.
John Ashburuer, Esq., M. D.
T. M. Baturd, Esq.
J. P. Bttthurst, Esq.
Sir James Oarmichacl, Bart.
John Gardiner, Esq.
Charles Osborn, Esq.
Assurances granted on the lives of persons in every
station of life, and every part of the world, on peculiarly-
favorable terms.
Every facility afforded to persons assuring the lives
of others, so as to render such policies effectual securities.
Persons proceeding beyond the limits of Europe may
effect assurances on payment of moderate increased
Immediate annuities granted on liberal terms, affording great advantage to persons of limited income.
Deferred annuities may be purchased nt rates which
secure a return ot the whole or part of the premiums
paid, in case the age at which the annuity is to commence be not attained,
Also Endowments^ Widows and Children.
Loans are granted, on approved security, to parties
effecting assurances with the Company.
All the Compnny's Engagements are guaranteed by
an nmplc subscribed and paid-up capital.
Prospectuses and the necessary.forms of proposal,
with every information, may be obtained on application,
either personally or by letter, at the Company's offices.
oe!8-tc SBCBETAnt.
For particulars apply to E. H. Kixo, Victoria,
FOR SALE, Wholesale and Retail, at lowest rates, by
11. M.  S.  Plumper  i3  still  on  survey  duty  above
Gaxoes, flag-ship, Capt. Fulford.
Pvlaues, Capt. De Courey.
Tribune, Capt. Hornby.
H. M. Satellite, Capt. Prevost, is nt San Junn, representing n British force at the disputed island.
A    CARD.
IT HAVING BEEN the subject of remark with persons passing the corner of Government and Yalcs-
strects, that the buildings lately removed thereto were
not iu accordance with the general line of the street, I
would state I, being the one attached to the Land Office
whoso duty it wns to make the original survey and
plans, and murk out the property in question,are kindly
authorised by the Surveyor General, public', to assert
that he has personally examined them, an I is fully assured of their accuracy—the error in position of the
Buildings being directly attributable to tho contractors
having removed the fence, on tlie street side of which
the corner posts were nailed, without having previously
marked the corresponding points on the ground.
R. HOMFRAY, C. E., kc
Victoria, October 14, 1850. tc
For Sale, at lowest rates, by
Lang LBV Buos.
For Sale, at lowest rates, by
Lanqlby Bros.
For Sale, at lowest rates, by.
Lanolev Bros.
I    travelling   public,  and  sti
the attention of the
trangers in particular,
to the merit of this house. It was established
under the present management, on the first day
of January, '50, as a FIRST-CLASS HOTEL, in every
Tho Lessee and Manager, with a delicacy not wishing
to encroach upon the merits of otlior houses, cannot
but recall the marked favor with which his enterprise
has been received by a discriminating public, in a constantly increasing patronage of tlie first respectability,
showing conclusively the superior mode in which this
hotel is conducted.
It is contiguous to all of tho most popular places of
amusement, the principal thoroughfares, the fashionable promenades and steamboat landings ; thus rendering
it al, all times, the most DESIRABLE STOPPING Place for
Famii.ikh and SlNOLK Gentleman, during their stay in
San Francisco.
Single rooms, with full board, $2.50 per day.
The " International Hotel Coach" is in attendance at
all hours, to convey Passengers to nnd from the Hotel,
for $1.00 each including baggage. tc
MR. ALEX'R CHAMBERS begs to state to the
public at large that he is ready to take chargo of
any number of cattle on his farm at Rocky Point, (summer or winter, and where it is well known cattle or
horses thrive well throughout the winter months,) at
the low rate of $2 50 per month. Mr. C. will have
men whose sole business will be to look after them,
under his inspection.
Orders for any amount of Cono Wood of every description attended to.
For further particulars apply at tho office of this
paper. ol8-tc
~ jTTflN    WINTER,
(Established 1852.)
CCOMMISSION MERCHANT, 62 California-street,
/ between Front and Battery,-San Francisco, California, Brewers, Soda, and Tanners' Materials, Drugs,
kc, constantly on hand.
Also—Choice Hops, in Bales, half Bales and Zinc.
Orders from any part of thn State promptly attended
to. Prices given, (and samples sent—if desired,) per
return Express.
jp^g- Refer to the principal Brewers, Druggists, kc.
throughout the State.
Vancouver Island Colony,
August 18th, 1859.
ON nnd after Thursday, the 1st September next
80,000 acres of AGRICULTURAL nnd MINERAL
LANDS, recently surveyed at Nanaimo, will be sold at
the Land Office, Victoria, on the usunl terms. If nny
case shall then occur of two or more persons wanting
to purchase the same Land, such Land will nt once be
put up to competition and sold to the highest bidder.
Colonial Surveyor.
Yates street, Victoria.
■*- Farming Lands disposed of nt public and private
sale. Surveys, Plans, Deeds, Mortgages, »i»d Agreements prepared by competent parties attached, to tho
office. Merchandise, Household Furniture, kc , disposed of.
Advances made on Consignments.
Gold Dust Purchnsod.
I RAVE this day sold all my right, title, nnd interest
in tho Into Copartnership of Capbon k Haiiteu to
Gabriel Galt Capron, who will satisfy all claims
ngaints the firm, and receive payment of debts duo to
Witness. lm
W'addington stroet, near Yates street.
rpiIIS HOUSE has been newly fitted up nnd entirely
■*- renovated, and is conducted on the European Plan.
The TABLE will bo supplied with tho best tho Market
Board nnd Lodging...  $7 00
 Single Meals., .nm-.-. rrs.-n     0 f.0   	
The travelling public are requested to call.
Yates street,
Third door above Freeman k   Co.'s Express, Victoria, V. I.
description, promptly and faithfully made, and
returns given within six hours, in Bars or Coin, nt the
option of the dopositer. ADVANCES MADE ON
GOLD DUST FOR MELTING. We would respectfully
solicit from Miners and Dealers their patronage.
As vouchers for the correctness of our Assays, wc
refer with permission to the following Bankers, who
for nearly three years have shipped Bars Assayed by
us (in California,) to Europe and the Eastern States :
B. Davidson, San Francisco ; Satoer k Church, San
Francisco; Tallant k Wilde, do.; Abel Guv, do.;
Parrot k Co., do.; Wells, Fargo, k Co., do., and Freeman k Co.'s Express.
Also, by special permission, wo refer to the Bank of
British North America, in Victoria.
MARCHAND, Jr., k Co.
npOAVN LOTS, in various quarters, and farming lands
* for sale. Money to loan on real estate, in town.
Debts collected, Accounts and Average Statements
adjusted. lm
TV PHELAN, cornei of Yatei and Government-streets,
•*■ • Victoria, dealer in Groceries, Provisions, Crockery,
and Glassware.
Wharf-strccet, Victoria, Vancouver Island
Commission   Merchants,
COMMISSION MERCHANTS, Albert Wharf, Victoria,
Vancouver Island, nnd Battery-street, San Francisco, California.
CARROLL, Yatcs-strect,  between   Wharf and
Government-streets, Importer and Wholesale nnd
Retail dealer in Wines nnd Liquors. tc
r D'
O. Gc
COMMISSION   MERCHANTS,   Victoria,   Vancouver
COMMISSION    MEffCflANTS,   Corner   Wharf   and
Johnston-streets,  Victorin,   V.   I.   Dickson, De
Wolf k Co., Merchant-street, San Francisco.
NUMEROUS copies of the " New Westminster Times"
of fhe 24th September. Any person having4 the
same will confer a favor by bringing them to the ollice,
CHEAP     PU E L I t
rpO enable families to  supply themselves with  Fuel
or the approaching whiter, we  shall, until further notice, sell the best
In quantities of one Ton nnd upwards nt Twelve dollars
per ton of 2,240 pounds.
JOHN   T.   LITTLE   k   CO.,
Agent Victoria Coal Company.
Victorin, September* 23, 1859. lm
FFER for    sale, ox Bteamer   "FORWOOD," and
recent arrivals-
Irish Pork and Butter,
Bacon nnd Hams,
Porter, in bottle,
Dark Brandy, in hhds.,
Port and Sherry Wines,
Champagne, in pints and quarts,
Claret Wine, in cases,
Sugar, brown nnd crushed,
Rice, Carolina and China,
Blankets and Clothing,
Roots and Shoes,
Canvas, Twiue and Rope,
Oilman's stores.
Sept. 15, 1859.
-*-" KT-BOOK, containing sundry documents. Apply,
with particulars, to the office of the "New Westminster
Times." ocll-tc
MR. CHAS. W. WALLACE, Junr.- holds our power
of Attorney, will represent our   interests,  and
attend to all business connected with onr Firm.
Victoria, V. I., 1st October, 1859. lm
M.   PRAG,
TtfHOLESALE nnd Retail Dealer in Hardwcre,
»" Agricultural Implements. Bar Iron, Steel and
Iron-Mongery, and Stove and Tinware of every description. Glass and Crockery Ware, Wood and Willow-
Ware, &c.
Begs to inform his friends and the public that he
has the largest assortment of the above on tbia Island,
which he offers for Bale at the lowest rates.
October 4, 1859. tc
INSOLVENT,—NOTICE is hereby given that Moses
Solomon, formerly of the firm of Solomon k Cnntrill,
nt Lytton, afterward engaged with mules, above Lytton,
nnd lately a prisoner at Langley Jail, for non-payment
ofa debt due to Charles Coleman, the plaintiff in tho
above suit, did on the 12th Sq/tcmrrer, inst., present
his petition to this Court, praying the benefit of the
Act for the relief of insolvent debtors and to he discharged from custody, as an insolvent debtor, and that
nil his estate, real nnd personal, might be vested in nn
assignee for the benefit of his creditors.
And Notice is hereby further given that the said
Moses Solomon is to file his Schedule as required by the
said act of Parliament, on or before the 20th day ot
September, inst., with E. Howard Sanders, Esquire, a
deputy registrar of this court, and, further, is to appear
and be examined personally before this Court, at Fort
Yale, on the ItHh October, next.
By order
Fort Hope, B. O., Sept. 18, l»5». Regislra
GONZALO   COTTAGE and  farm of 700 acres,  of
which 50 acres arc fenced, and under partial cultivation.   Apply by letter only to
10,00«lbs.  WHITE  LEAD.
Yntes Street,
Have   ro*   halm
\   LARGE Assortment of WINDOW GLASS,  nnd
■A-   Artist's Toots nnd Colors,   Oil, Turpentine, Varnish Putty, Graining Tools, kc, kc
Also  a large   assortment of WALL PAPER, Bor-
de.0 and Mixed Paints.
JBEGG, practical Oardmon wnd Nursery-man, having
obtained the agency for the sale of Fruit Trees from
omc of the best Nurseries in Oregon and California,
will be happy to supply farmers and others with tho
choicest descriptions of Fruit Trees, at the lowest market prices, J. B. Will also attend to the planting out
of trees, if required. All trees planted by him will bo
warranted to grow, and true to name. For particulars
apply nt the office of the " New Westminster Times."
N. B.—Guldens, Orchards, nnd public parks, will bo
laid out on the best principles, and most reasonable
terms. Tho fall is the proper season for planting out
Established in   18*16.
Incorporated by Royal Charter in 1840.
CAPITAL £1,000,000.
COURT   of   directors:
John Bloxnm Elin, Esq.
Oliver Farrer, Esq.
Alex. Gillespie, Esq.
Sir A. Pellet Green, R. N.
Francis Lc Breton, Esq.
John Ranking, Esq.
nenry Barnewall, Esq
Thomas II. Brooking, Esq.
Robert Carter, Esq.
William Chapman, Esq.
William R. Chapman, Esq.
James John Cummins, ICsq.
Charles M'Nab, Esq.
The Bank of England,
Messrs. Glyn, Mills k Co.
establishments in the colonies.
General Manager, Thomas Pnton, Esq.
CARPENTER, Contractor,, and Builder, eorner ot
Blanchnrd and Kane-streets, near the Church, is
prepared to contract for or superintend the erection of
Brick Buildings, Frame Cottages, Wood and Brick Fire-
Proof Stores nnd Dwellings, Ac, nil in the best style of
architecture and iu the cheapest and best workmanlike
A long experience in Europe and the United States,
and a perfect knowledge of h iff profess ion, area guarantee that nny work entrusted to him shall bo satisfactorily executed.
Plans, drawings, ami specifications, made in every
style at the shortest notice. ocl'l-3nv
T. A. Monkhouse,
S. Aitkcn,
P. Totojoet,
C. R. Steigcr.
Quebec, Canada.
Dun UAH, Canada.
Brantpord, do
London, do
St. Johns, New Brunswick,
Halifax, Nova Scotia, and
Victoria, ¥tT.
agents in new york :
Messrs. II. C. Fergnsson, F. II. Grain, k C. F. Smith
29 William Street.
Temporary Offices,  Government Street.
Gold Dust nnd Bills of Exchange Purchased.
New York,
San Francisco,
New Brunswick,
Nova Scotia, and
On the Branches of the Provincial Bank of Ireland,
nnd the National Bank of Scotland.
Offico hours—10 a. m. to 3 p. m.; and Saturday
10 a. m. to 1 p.m.
F. W. WOOD, Manager.
Founders, and General Engineer*, First Street, near
Gns Works, San Francisco.
Steamboat Machinery built and repaired ; also* Saw,
Flour, and Quarts Mills, Pumping and Mining Machinery, Ac, kc
Proprietors of Morse's Patent Fire Grates-..
Right to Manufacture Tylor's Patent Scroll Water
E. H. King **«■ Agent in' Victoria.
tho   undersigneds
Now landing   ex Fanny  Major,
A LARGE assortment of Hardware, including Anvils,
Vices, and all kinds of smiths tools, Grindstones,
Horse shoes, Horse Nails, Wedges, IMlowvrare, SpadeR,
Hoes, Rakes, Rim Locks, ami a variety of etlrer Hardware-.
milE undersigned offer for sale Mnrtcll's Brandy,
-»■ Dark and Palo in half pipes, Booth's genuine Old
Tom in pnncheons-
Swainc, Boord, k Go's Old Tom, in puncheons.
McKeuzie k Co's do do      do
Stewart's Scotch Whiskey do       do
Holland Gin, "St. Nicholas brand," in pipes.
Irish Whiskey, in barrels.
Allsop's Burton Alo, also in bulk.
London Alo and Porter, in glass 4 nnd 7 doten
II. Brett k Co's Ginger Brandy, in cases.
Worthington's and Swaine, Boord A; Co* Old Tom
in cases.
Wolfe's and Volner's Schnapps, in cases.
Claret Wine, in cases.
Orange and every description of Bitters.
104 hhds. of tho finest Burton and Scotch Ales.
Younger & Son's celebrated Jug Ale.
Cider, in bbls, half bbls, cases, kc, kc
And a variety of goods suitablo to the trade
Johnson st., near Government,
and. at New Westminster, B. C.
Importer ami Denier in Messrs. Davis' am! Jones'
L. Atkinson's Improved Shoulder Sean* Patern
SHIRTS, ot Philadelphia.
TUST received the latest styles of BALTIC SHIRTS
W  direct from  London.     Also,   a   fine   lot of pure
Baltic Stockings and Hose, gent's Shaker Flannel, Undershirts and Drawers.
A magnificent assortment of gent's silk Scarfs,
A full assortment of gent's snperlino  Manchester
Opposite the Bank of B. N. A.,
ne is now prepared to offer the largest assortment o
ever exhibited in Victoria, comprising all the
latest styles ot the celebrated Davis and
Jones superfine patent white and colored   SHIRTS.
And is receiving by every steamer those  beautiful
BYRON SHIRTS of all sixes, running from 13 to 30.
inches around the neck.
I shall rccciTC Fresh Goods by every arrival from.
Ladies and Gentlemen's Kid (Hoves.
Business hours from 6 A. M. to 10 P. Al.
October 4. 1839.
:   •
A title once could only show
Tlie signs of noble birth,
And men of rank were, years ago,
The grcnl ones of the earth.
They deem'd it just the crowd should shrink
Before the cap and gown :
They thought il wrong lhc poor should think,
And right to keep them down.
These were the days when books were things
"The people" could not touch—
Made for the use of lords and kings,
And only meant for such.
To work the loom, to till the soil,
To cut the cosily gem—
To tread the round of daily toil.
Was quite enough for them.
Time was when just Lo rend and write
Were thought a wondrous deal,
For those who wake wilh morning light
'I'o earn their daily meal.
The man, a moro submissive slave
The less his hcud-plecc knew :
And so lhc mass from habit gave
Their birthright to Ihe few.
Now look abroad', ihe light of truth
Is spreading fiir ami wide,
And that which tills our English youth
Musi shnmo our aucienl pride.
'Tis mind alone can wield the sword,
In spile of wealth and rank ;
The artizan may face a lord,
With thousands i» the bank.
Wc scorn nol those of high degree,
For so 'twere wrong I" do :
Hut poorer men as rich can be,
Ami quite as noble, too.
The prince may act a gayer pari ;
Hut lie who works for bread
Mnvhavo, perchance, a warmer heart,
And, perhaps, a clearer head,
Then grieve not, for " the good old times ;"
Heboid a brighter day 1
The causes of our father's crimes
Are wearing fast away.
Before lhc Pen, Ihe Press, and Kail.
Must old opinions fall;
The mighty project cannot fail—
Then aid it one ami all I
The flower on whose delicate leaves,
. Tho.most exquisite tints are displayed
Oft the hopes of the florist deceives,
And blossoms alas I but to lade.
Ere the minds early promise of worth,
Attains to maturity's bloom,
Thus man, in tlie season of mirth
Is rapidly swept to the tomb.
The mother with joy in her eye;
The charms of her infant surveys,
But the heart of the father beats high
When his son grows an object of praise:.
With success when his efforts are crowned ;
When renown has recorded his mime :
When his worth, by the good is confessed,
And he treads in the footsteps of lame.
While his child is thus fondly discerned,
Dreams the parent, the moment is near,
When his hope to despair shall bo turned,
And his smile shall bo changed to a tear.
Lov'd youth, that once elegant form ;
Thai liu-e that such candor foretold ;
That heart, once so feeling and warm,
In the grave now lies lifeless nnd cold.
To the friends who lamcnl o'er thy doom,
Thus my grief I wilh tenderness join,
And the tear now shed o'er thy tomb—
Mny it ne'er he denied over mine.
II. K.
Chapter VI.
The spring had given place to an early and intensely
hot summer, and London was gradually losing tlie gay
votaries of fashion, whose travelling equipages were
to be seen standing with their imperials and post-
horses at the doors of the dismantled houses, or bowling in their steady course over tlie deserted streets nnd
dusty roads on their way to Ihe continent, or the country residences of their respective owners. But it was
not every noble family who could enjoy the fragrance
oftho country. Parliament was not yet prorogued,
and its members slill attended tho nightly disputation.
Many were detained by business; some wished to j
i secure the captives they had made by affixing the chains
of Hymen to their struggling victims; others- stayed I
from stern necessity, and a few Irom choice abode in
tho British Babylon. Among tho latter class must be
included tho two gentlemen who at an early hour wore
riding slowly and unattended on the Konnlngtoh road,
when thoy found their passage at the toll-gate Impeded
by a multitude of swine, which their driver, a thorough bred Irishman, was urging forward with the
united strength of voice, whip, and rhetoric.
Sir Herbert Willoughby, ever alive to Ihe ridiculous,
laughed outright, and was fully occupied in drawing
forth Paddy's wit ; whilst the "pigs, left to their own
discretion, went every way but the' right, and a war of
words soon ensued between their driver und the gatekeeper.
Captain Murray, pulling up his horse on ono side,
awaited patiently the result, whilst his friend, tired of
his jokes, remarked on the long line of vehicles, which,
t headed by a largo overladen waggon, was by that time
slowly creeping through the gate. Among them was a
dark-green barouche, with servants in the same colored
livery, so unattractive in its appearance that anywhere
else il would have passed unnoticed ; but now, from
having nothing else to do, the friends employed themselves in spcoiilating on its probahlo inmates.
"A riding nursery, including Hie hoir-apparont,"
said Captain Murray, after commenting on the steadiness of Oii'..i'.Liiic)imiin ami horses.
"Pooh! you don't understand it at nil!" said Willoiighby. " There would be a maid on the dicky, and
madam the governess pulling the cheekstring to know
the causa of the delay, if your surmise were correct.
No, it belongs to a red-faced, npopletie-looking man,
called Brown, or somothing like it, and wo shall see
him with bandannas nnd waterproofs, supported by
cushions in one corner, whilst his gouty foot, has quiet
posseesion of the opposite scat. Now," look there, and
I see if 1 am not right."
Look they did, and lo I the carriage contained four
ladies, three of whom seemed to bo the daughters of
the other ; the youngest of the party had thrown off
her coarse cottage straw hon.ict and loosened the drapery about her swan-like threat. Her ungloved hands,
of the most perfect form and color, were extended to
support a tangled web of dark silk braid, which the
lady opposite was deliberately winding, but in such an
awkward manner (.lint the young girl, in her eagerness
to set her right, had unconsciously bent forward in
front of tho large open window, thus affording the two
triends a perfect view of her delicate profile, from the
nose of Grecian outline to the little shell-like ear
which formed the boundary of the bright, luxuriant
hair that hung in wavy masses round her snowy throat,
but left her wild-rose tinted-cheek unshaded.
An irrepressible exclamation, partaking of astonishment and delight, broke from Murray's lips, and reached
the car of the fair girl, who turning hastily round,
came almost face to face with him, whose eyes, Wt up
deep and powerful feeling, were riveted upon her. An
Instantaneous glow, like sunset in a western sky passed over her fair countenance, as with the speed of
thought she dropped the braid, and covering her
blushes witli her bands, sank back into tlie deep recesses of the commodious vehicle, which moving at a
quicker pace was out of ;-ight before Captain Murray
had recovered from his trance."
" 1 say, Murray!'' exclaimed Sir Herbert, touching
his friend's elbow to enforce his attention ; " how do
j you feel now, man ? If you have beheld that celestial
| creature with indifference,! shall believe that you
really are as invulnerable to Ihe shafts of Cupid as you
pretend to be ; but. by the young god, and Venus his
mother ! I have no hope of you yet; for if your heart
is safe, your eyes are strangely wandering after that
green carriage."
"Cease your raillery, Herbert, and tell mo that I
really am in iny sober waking senses ; for I feel as if I
were'under a '.-pell, or had -ecu a vision. Surely she
was Ion bright, too pure, for 0   being of earth's coarser
mould I"
»Excellent 1 Capital! It's nil up with you now I"
roared Willoughby, gazing in an ccstacy of merriment
al bis friend's perploxod and bewildered countenance.
•• Vou, who were above the common lot of frail mortality, that yuii should fall illlovol You, who con- i
sidored thai fourteen years' acquaintanceship hardly
justified a mini in committing a folly so egregious—to
yield your In.ul, with nil il< warm and true alfectiuns,
i ul c> the keeping of a porfeel stranger, whose sole merits
may he a bewitching luce and fascinating manner!
Bill conic, vou are nol heeding me, do turn your horse
about, and lol us pursue our ride; it's no good staring
there, Ibr ihe green carriage has long since disappeared
and Ihe vista, wore your eyes bul open, you would perceive In 1"' tilled up by n scavenger's cart. Look!
you're holding the reins so loosely thai your horse is
calculating on the possibility of getting the bit between
his teeth and treating himself to n gallop ; if you were
not glued to Ihe saddle, he would have jerked you oil'
before this. There's a plunge!—Well, I'm glad he's
roused you at last."
Captain Murray soon mastered tlie fiery humor of his
splendid Arab, and patting his arching neck, led him
gently up to Willoughby's side.
" Well," said Sir Herbert, " I'm glad to find that the
beautiful unknown did not bear away your head as
well as your heart! 1 was just going to ride after her,
and beg her lo return it."
"You know her, then?" said Murray, quickly turning an eagle glance upon his friend. "Who is she?
Where does she live? Tell me!"
" Those are precisely the questions I intended putting to you ; your exclamation and her start of surprise
assure me you have met before."
"Never I I never saw her in my life till now ! But
she started, did yon say?"
" She started certainly, and looked most earnestly at
you for a moment, little thinking of the damage she
was doing to our unfortunate hearts; yours surrendered
without capitulation, but 1 got bail for mine until the
next, interview !"
" What nonsense you are talking, Willoughby !"
"NonsenseI—indeed, it's truth, every bit of it, you
received the first shock, and were prostrated at once ;
I never saw so dead a shot; but luckily for me your
head coming between my eyes nnd her face prevented
my having such a full view of her resplendent beauty
as would have made me go hang myself for very
The deep silence that succeeded was broken by n
loud burst of laughter from Willoughby; the startled,
half-awake look of his friend increased his mirth, but
nt length replying to the inquiring eyes of Murray, he
said, -'Don't look at me, Reginald, with that solemn
brow, 1 shall die outright of laughing if you do—it is
the very finest joke I have ever heard!'1
" What is the finest joke?—my thoughtful face?"
" 1 was takinga review of the last three months," replied the baronet, speaking with difficulty on account
of his irresistible propensity to laugh.
" Well, and what saw you," inquired Captain
" Why, I saw you as you returned from India,
crowned witli triumph; elated by succeess. Brilliant,
witty, love-defying was your London life I Bravely did
you then withstand the whole force of love's artillery
levelled, though the arrows were by beauty, and pointed,
too, with gold 1 Next, home yon go, and openly make
professions of celibacy, frightening the family with tlie
notion that you would eventually become an monk of
the La Trappe fraternity ; then finding that your parents
had in the might of their affection negotiated for your
having a rich lovely wife, you frown an angry negative,
and in n towering passion leave tho house with a determination never to be chained by Hymen, or allured
by Love! Yet after all this rhodomontade you have this
very morning fallen, ay, fallen 1 desperately in love
wilh a child, for she ij hardly more, who was, I do believe, playing at cat's-cratlle I"
" You color highly," said Murray with an embarrassed
countemmcc, "und have contrived to makeyonrpicture
ridiculous enough, I do acknowledge, but I have a tormenting headache which prevents my admiring it as it
" Don't apologise, my dear fellow ; it is quite unnecessary, I assure you, because I know your whole stock
of admiration was exhausted on that little bright-haired
seraph, but 1 won't say anything more about her, as you
have such a heart—ahem !—headache, I moan. Suppose we return to town, perhaps we shall meet with
something there that will relieve it; I'll be sure and tell
you if I see anything likely to have that effect."
Murray shook his head and tried to laugh off Sir
llerbei'l's raillery, but he could not, the iron had entered Into his soul—Cupid was avenged, and the gaily
uttered prophecy of his laughing sister was verified :
Ilia present mind
Was under fascination.   He behold
A vision, and adored the thing lie saw.
Arabian fiction never filled the world       [him.
Witli half the wonders Unit were wrought for
The sun had not yet attained its meridian, nor the
Quadrant its loungers, when the two friends, having
given their horses to their grooms, sauntered arm-in-arm
up Regent Street. Murray, pleading headache, had
intended going straight to his hotel, but a remark from
Willoughby lo tlie following effect induced him to
change his resolution.
" I do not remember," said Sir Herbert, carelessly,
" ever to have seen that great heavy green barouche
before, and yet few equipages escape my observation ;
therefore, I'm inclined to think it belongs to somo quiet
country family, who have come in for u thorough day's
shopping ; so suppose we take a stroll, and see if we can
find them."
"You are tired at being out on bail, then?" said
Murray, casting an enquiring glance upon his friend.
."Lotus Understand each other, Willoughby. You go
to "
" Give my friend a chance of regaining his heart, or
if that is impossible, I would afford the young beauty an
opportunity of losing hers—nn exchange is very desirable in transactions of this sort. Do not look incredulous, Reginald, my affections were before disposed
of, or I, too, should have fallen a victim to loveliness I
never yet saw equalled ; more I cannot say at present,
or you would think mo wilder, more romantic than
yourself, so rest satisfied with tho declaration that
though we may be brothers, rivals we can never be I"
Relieved from his apprehension, Murray slipped his
arm through that of his friend's and together they proceeded through Trafalgar Square, the Haymarkct, and
Regent Street, but no carriage of the description they
sought graced the door of Howell and James, or Swan
and Edgar; neither could their eyes discern it stationed
in either oftho lesser streets which communicated with
the great West End thoroughfare they were now traversing.
On passing one oftho narrow streets leading to nan-
over Square, Willoughby exclaimed, "What a number
of carriages arc there drawn up ! Surely there's a wedding at St. George's ; do let us cross over und see who
the noble bride may be."
Murray felt no interest in nny brido just then, but
not vvishiiiglo acknowledge his indifference, he suffered
his wilful friend to lead him across Ihe street, and among
the crowd of persons and vehicles, whose white and
silver favors, ostentatiously displayed, showed the baronet's surmise to be a true one.
"Hey-day! what have we here?" exclaimed Sir
Herbert, insinuating himself gently through the crowd,
and drawing Murray after him. " A marquis's coronet
upon the first carriage, and a ducal one, surmounting
your own arms, upon the second ! It must be Lady
Edith Murray's marriage. Do let us get in and have a
peep at her."
" Not for the world," said Murray; " on no account
would 1 gratify- her vaniity so much. Look, the door is
opening I—they are coming—I shall go away."
Hut tlie rush was too great for him ; everybody was
so anxious lo obtain a view of the handsome bride and
her beautiful dress, that Murray found his exertions
and appearance alike Jisregarded, and to his extreme
dismay and mortif*cation lie was squeezed with his
friend against one o the pillars of the portico, where
his superior height, rujciviug as it did the advantage ol
n step, rendered him n very prominent and universally
recognised object.
Sir Herheri, after n few murmurs at his friend s exalted stature and enviable position, contrived to find
himself an eyelet-hole, from whence he had a lull View
of all the proceedings, uttering a running comment to
the following effect:—"Hero comes Claremont, leading
his uew-mndo marchioness. Poor follow I if he knew
as much of her as I do, he would hardly wear an aspect
so delighted. How different she nppcars, Her face is
flushed with anger or offended pride I What can have
occurred to call forth her temper now. I wonder? Look!
she saw you, and what a Hash broke from her fierce
black eyes !—There goes tho duchess, her manoouvcring
mother.' with the light of proud satisfaction, but not a
trace of maternal love upon her haughty features ; and
the duke is shiiflling by her side, with a short, ambling
step, as little dignified as his ungainly figure and vacant
countenance. What's the matter? Oh 1 Lord Strnth-
allen's missing.—Shall we wait?—-No we will return
in a cab.—What's that for, I wonder?—Who are these?
The Cavendish's, as I live I—So, then, that frac&a is all
made up. Well, I'm surprised at that, though I may
spare my astonishment, I see, lor the most violent detractors of Lady Edith do not scruple to attend as
friends the bridal of the Marchioness of Claremont I
And this is a fair specimen of fashionable life ! If tho
sun shines, friends, like butterflies, are plentiful; but
should a cloud arise and darken o'er your fortunes,
then—Good Heavens, Murray I are you asleep—dreaming? Do rouse up and behold the object you were
seeking! The identical green barouche is before your
very eyes."
Murray, who had really become so immersed in
thought as to have become unconscious, both of his
awkward position and his friend's incessant clatter,
found his senses suddenly recalled, and waited with ill-
concealed impatience, tlie appearance of the ladies,
who at last came from the church. The elder daughters
first advanced; their features were agreeable, and carriage lady-like, but nothing to attract attention was
visible in dress or person—both were plain to a degree
when-contrasted with the plumed and jewelled beauties
who passed through the same portal just before them.
But the youngest was a being ot a different order, the
simple muslin robe, which hung in fluted folds around
her slender form, revealed the exquisite fall of her low-
shoulder and the curve of her graceful waist. Like a
young fawn did she come forth, with bounding step
and shy and timid gesture ; her hand was firmly clasped
within the elder lady's, who gazed upon her with maternal pride, and then turned round as if to ascertain
whether any stranger eyes were fixed upou her idol.
Murray's steadfast gaze was too visible to escape her
observation. She recognixed him, evidently, and bent
her head towards her companion. The effect of the
whispered communication was soon visible, for the next
instant the large gazelle-like eyes of the young beauty
were raised to liis, and a smile of most bewitching
sweetness dimpled her rosy lips; then, as if conscious
of an impropriety in noticing a perfect stranger, she
bent her blushing face, quickened her pace, and the
next moment her light form was hidden in the spacious
After the first unsuccessful attempt which he had
made to get nearer to the lovely girl who had so deeply
fascinated him, Murray, remained perfectly still, sensible
only of the influence of a new aud thrilling feeling of
delight which pervaded his whole soul; but now tlie
charm of her presence had tied, he awoke from his
blissful dream just as Willoughby was saying, "Surely
it was Lord Strathalhin who has entered a cab and followed the barouche with such lightening speed."
From tlie timo that Lady Edith Murray's engagement
witli the Marquis of Claremont became known, friends
(in the fashionable acceptation of the word), who had
formerly caricatured and reviled her, now anticipating
the future splendor of the rich and beautiful marchioness, whose well known love of gaiety and display gave
promise of the brilliant fetes which would hereafter
fill the spacious rooms of Clurcmont House, had
thronged closely around her, outvying one another in
complimentary effusions and expressions of regard.
Lady Edith, too, was quite ns devoted to the fascinating
charms of ecarte as her august mother ; though from
being au unskilful sho was generally an unsuccessful
player. The duchess, after having onco or twice replenished her daughter's card-purse, had forbidden her
to touch cards ; the consequences of which command
wore alike unknown and unsuspected by her grace;
who, from never having seen her daughter at a card
table, fancied her injunctions were, obeyed, and gave
herself no further concern about the matter.
This was far from being the case, for Lady Edith,
with nil tho wily craft of hor artful nature, seeing it
would be useless to contend with her resoluto mother,
gave up the attempt, and whilst steadfastly declining
to engage in any game of chance or skill in the presence nf the duchess, amply repaid herself for the temporary mortification by entering tlie very vortex of
gaming in her mother's absence.
Money to a considerable amount which she had received from her mother to discharge the hill of ono
importunate milliner, had at first given her the means
of speculating, and ibr the first few nights, sho was
successful beyond her most ardent expectations; but
then the tide of fortune turned, and by a quicker process, sho lost all the glittering heap of gold she had
just before had called her own. With the madness ofa
gamester, she determined on retrieving it by doubling
her stakes and redoubling her energies; but fate or
skill, chance or knavery, was against her, and she
rose from the table with an empty purse, and hampered with debts to the amount of thousands.
This happened the night previous lo tho memorable
ball at Lady Cavendish's, nnd this it was which led
to her resolution of accepting the marquis, for she well
knew her creditors, whether peers or plebeians, would
wait the pleasure of the affianced marchioness, but
make instant demand upon tho disengaged and penniless Lady Edith Murray.
The milliner, on being honored with a very extensive
order for bridal paraphernalia, readily consented to
forego her claims for two months, internally resolving
to remunerate herself most amply for the delay; and
the titled gamesters, who were even larger creditors,
remained quiet for the time, in hope of reaping at no
distant period a richer harvest by their forbearance.
Who, then, so happy ns tho Lady Edith? Courted,
flattered, applauded, and admired, she thought not of
tho future, or believed that it would be even as that
day, and yet still more brilliant. She looked upon her
wedding day as tho birthday of a now existence, when
she could emerge from her chrysalis, and soar a bright
and dazzling being in the fashionable hemisphere.
That day, so eagerly longed for, so anxiously anticipated, at length arrived, and with the dawn  did  she
nrise aud  commence the  operations for  that   toilet,
which was to establish her claim to  be considered tho
reigning queen of love and   beauty,   "the   glass   of
fashion nnd the mould of form,"    And now she stands
before tho altar,  robed in  the richest lace, endowed
With all the interest a bridal veil can give—and—
Jewels flash forth from her raven hair
Like starry dews, 'mid tho rosc3 thero •
Pearls ou her bosom quivering shono,
Heaved by. her heart through its golden zono;
And a brow, as those gems of tlie ocean pale,
Glenm'd forth from beneath her transparent veil.
Changeful and bright was her young check's hue,
as low murmurs of admiration fell graciously on her
ear, and won her attention from the solemn service, the
responses of which were uttered by her lips alone.
Questions of " Who is she ?"—" Do you know her 1"
rang audibly around; but no answering tongue gave
mention of her name. How very strange I She could
not understand it! She dared not raise her head to
look; yet not for one moment did she doubt but that
it was her very self who had elicited all the wonder-
drawn forth all the admiration. Transient was the
deception ; bitter the conviction.
She arose from her recumbent position, and prepared
her features to receive the congratulations with infinitely more consideration than she had thought it necessary to bestow upon the solemn words the priest was
uttering, or the most important duties she had taken
upon herself. But it was a useless care, for no such
congratulations awaited her; every eye was fixed nnd
every mind was occupied by another and fairer object.
Standing on the seat of an adjoining pew was a young
creature just blushing into womanhood, whose loveliness was of so pure, so radiant a character that the beholder's eyes wero fixed on her by the power of her
fascination. The marquis for a time forgot his bride—
that bride forgot herself, ns she gazed with wild, dilated
orbs upon the lovely vision. Envy of her superlative
beauty, nnd an indefinable dread—a feeling which she
could not understand—partaking both of fear and hate,
took possession of her soul.
The Duchess of Avondale appeared for once to share
the emotions of her daughter, her eyes expressed the
same degree of wonder, doubt and fear, whilst her lips
were parted by a vacant stare, and her whole countenance wore the siime look of astonishment nnd terror
as might have been awakened by the appearance of a
visitant from the tomb.
The duke saw nothing of all this; ho was marvelling
on the bad taste which could sanction the erection of
galleries in churches, and devising in his architectural
brain on the best means for their being taken down,
and the edifice proportionally enlarged to accommodate
the persons who at present occupied them. But Lord
Strathiillan made ample amends for his father's insensibility to the charms of beauty, for his bold, vicious
eyes had never left the stranger's face from the moment
he first entered to thnt in which she—on becoming
sensible that many looks were bent upou her—had
shrunk timid nnd abashed beneath the partition of the
pew. Lord Strathallnn, however, the professed, determined libertine, was not so to be baffled—she had
caught his eye, pleased his fancy, and he resolved to
make her his; on what terms he cared not, thought
not. The sight of this pure young girl, in her childlike simplicity, and first blush of loveliness, had raised
an uncontrollable passion iu his breast, and determined
to gratify it, he excused himself from attending the
bridal party, and, taking a cab, followed the carriage,
as before related.
(to re continued.)
LIST OF LETTERS, received nt the Post-office uncalled for from 1st Oct. 1859;—
A ..... .
Allen, Chas W Anderson, Benjamin M
Agassy, Lewis (2)
Banistree, Alick Banficld, W E
Bnswell, Hiram Bagnell, Mons
Barrett, George Beek, William
Bcrnnsconi, Angelo
Crawford, James Cafallo, Pietro
Caweth, Joseph, Charity, C 11
Cooness, Stacy Cameron, John
Crane, A S Chotean, Francis
Craig, Albert Cbidurk, Chns
Corbett, Daniel Clarke, \V F
Creeu, Dr
Davidson, Miss Adelino       Dowson, Rev Richard
Dherliornez, Rev Father      Downie, Major Win
Davis, Walter M Diigan, William
Derchcne, Dr
Emery, John S
Finney, James French, James
Guadagni, Torcllo Glasco, Airs Mary
Gcntir, Chns Gillette, Edward C
Gordon, David Gomband, Henry
Griznrd, F
Ilandcock, Airs II M Hume, John
Havill, .Montague Henncy, Anton
Howe, Horace Harding, Georgo
Holbrook, Henry Harter, Airs Rhodu
Ilittlcbrand, Philip Hyde, Mr
Hooper, John
Johnson, R II Johns, R II
Jackson, Jeremiah Jennings, J G
Jones, Herbert C (2) Johnson, Wm C
Jones, John Q (2)   ' Judson, Sydney
Jackson, J G
Kaufman, D Kirkwood, James
Knight, Capt J S
Lyne, Willinm Lnmastcr, Afilton F
Lclnire, Alons Lisset, Pierre
Leo, Quong
Aluir, William Miller, Edwin
McDougle, John Atagnnat, Georgo
Magee, Mrs Susan AlcCollcm, Robert
Mallandine, Edward (2)      Merrill, F A
Magec, Michael Maynnrd, Richard
Meldrun, Thos (3) Aly'cr, Henry
Nourvon, Mons II Nnunton, Geo
Nnglo, J H Naylor, AVm B
Osbournc, Thos A Oughton, Mrs Al
Powers, R Pollock, Robt J
Pimm, J (2) Purdie, James
Robson, John Roberts, Wm
Smcaton, Air
Sheppard, J L
Scott, Samuel
Stevens, John A
Staples, E H
Savigncy, II P
Smith, John 0
Smith, William K
Spots, Fieldin
Shaw, Thos B
Schrcibcr, Wilfred
Williston & Bartlctt,
Williams, J G
Whitton & Co
Wells, Oliver
Thomson, C W K .  Taih, John
Trolvar, Thomas Tach, Airs Hesto
Thompson, William
AVight, Geo J
Williams, C II
AVaters, Hugh
Watson, J It
Zclner, AArm
P. 0. uncalled for to date :—
George Coxon. H Holbrook
C AV R Thomson (2) Geo Harrison,
dipt Henry Haus. Mrs M AVoolgrove.
Acting Post Alastcr General.
Oct. 13, 1850.
T)IERRE PRATT, Deceased. Information wanted as
-*- to the next of kin to Pierre Pratt, a supposed native
of Aubenas, Department Ardechc, Frnnce, who wns
accidentally drowned whilst attempting to cross the
river in a small canoe, about three-quarters of a mile
above Cayoosh. Deceased had been working on
Thcrcso Bar.
Communications to be addressed to the Colonial
Secretary, Victorin, Vancouver Island. tc
At the Court at Osborne House, A
Isle of Wight, the 29th Day of I
July, 1859: j
The Queen's Most Excellent Majesty.
His Royal Highness the Prince Consort.
Lord President.        Lord John Russell.
Duke of Somerset.    Lord Chamberlain.
Lord Steward. Sir George Grey, Bart.
Earl of Elgin.
HEREAS, the Governor of Her Majesty's Island of Vancouver, with the
Council and Assembly of the said Island, did
in the month of August, 1858, pass three
Acts, which have been transmitted, entitled
as follows, namely:
No. 4. " An Act lo amend lhc Law relating
lo tho licensing of Inns, Public and Beer
No. 5. "Bill of Supply."
No. (i. " An Act to amend the Law relating
to Inns and Beer Houses."
And whereas the said Acts havo been laid
before Her Majesty in Council, together with
a letter to the Lord President of the Council
from tlie Most Noble the Duke of Newcastle,
ono of Her Majesty's principal Secretaries of
State, recommending that tho said Acts
should be left to their operation • Her Majesty was thereupon this day, pleased by and
with tho advice of her Privy Council, to ap-
prove tho said recommendation. Whereof,
the Governor, Lieutenant Governor, or Commander-in-Chief, for tho time being of Her
Majesty's Island of Vancouver, and all other
persons whom it may concern, arc to take
notice, and govern themselves accordingly.
(* A  spar  In
, -I nnd black
( white diain
Colonial Secretauy's Office,
A'ictoria, Vancouver Island, Sept. 2G, 1850.
The entrance to the  Frascr River hnving boon re-
buoyed, the accompanying " Notice to Alarincrs," which
has  been furnished to  the   Government by  Captain
Richards, of Her Majesty's Surveying Ship " Plumper,"
is herewith published for general information.
By Command,
William A. G. Y.oiiNft,
Acting Colonial Secretary.
rPHE Entrance to tlie Frascr River has been re-buoyed.
-I- All the buoys are placed on the Northern or Port
side of tlie Channel in entering, with the exception of
one on the South Sand Head.
The following table point3 out the position, nnd
gives the description of each buoy:—
0>-  SOUTH  SANll  HEAD,
A spar buoy moored in 11 feet at low water. The
I \ spar   painted   white   nnd black  in   horizontal
bands, surmounted by a ball of the same colors
also, in horizontal bands.
A spar buoy moored in 11 feet. Spar black and
white, in vertical lines, surmounted by n ball
painted in the same manner.
A spar buoy moored in 9 feet. Spar black and
white horizontally.    Ball red.
buoy moored in 12 feet.    Spar, whito
bands horizontally, Burmounted by a
iiunond, and marked 1.
r f A spar buoy moored in 12 feet.   Spar, white sur-
\ mounted by a black diamond, marked 2.
-I* A spar buoy  moored in  11  feet.    Spar, white
\ surmounted by a red diamond, marked 3.
( A spar buoy moored  in 11 feet.    Spar, white,
1 \ surmounted by a crescent red and black, mar-
[ ked 4.
RrAspar buoy moored in 12 feet.   Spar, white
\ and black vertically, crescent red, marked 5.
On entering the River, the Sand Head buoys should
not be approached within half a mile, until the passage
between them is brought to bear N J E, when n vessel may steer in, mid channel, or pass the North Sand
Ilcnd buoy and the first one inside it, from n cable to a
cable and a halfs length.
The remaining five buoys on the North side of the
channel may be passed from half a cubic to a cable's
length, keeping them on the port hand in entering. After passing the inner buoy, a straight courso may be
steered for Gurry Point.
It must be remembered that the ebb tide sets to the
southward, over the Roberts bank, nnd the flood to the
northward, over the Sturgeon bank.
By attention to theso directions, a vessel drawing
from 15 to Hi feet water, may enter the Frascr with
safety, at half-tide.
The buoys nssumo a leaning position, varying from
an angle of 35 ° to 80 °, according to the state of the
tide and wind, nnd can be plainly scon from a vessel's
deck at a distance of three miles in clear weather.
Vessels bound for Iho River and coming through the
' Plumper Pass,' should steer N. N. W. ns soon as they
enter tho strait of Georgia.    This courso loads direct
for the Sand Heads eleven miles distant, some Blight
allowance being of course mado for the tide, which
runs from I to 2 knots in the strait, and moro ns tho
entrance of the River is approached.
Vessels from the Southward, passing Robert's Point,
must avoid the Robert's bank, which is very steep to:
by not bringing the low part of this point to tho Southward of East, tho bank will be cleared.
Captain II. M. Surveying Ship " Plumper.
September 24th, 1859.
£  s. d.
One Inch, on under,—Ono insertion,  0   5 0
"             "           One month  0 16 0
"             "           Three months,  2   0 0
"              "            Six months,  3 10 0
Tivo Inches, on less,—One insertion,  0   8 0
"             "           Ono month  14 0
"                          Three months  3 10 0
"              "            SixmonthB  6   0 0
Foun Inches, on less—Ono insertion,  0 15 0
1              "           Ono month  2   4 0
1              "          Three months,  6   0 0
Advertisements of larger dimensions, or for long«f
criods, ns per agreement.
Advertisements  in tho   "Business Diroctory," not
xcceding threo lines, £1 4s. per quartor.
Printed, for tho Proprietors, every Tuesday, by
Leonaud McCluiie, at the Office of tho " Now Westminster Times," south sidn of Yates-stroet, Victoria
in the Colony of Vancouver Island.


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