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The New Westminster Times Feb 25, 1860

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1 >U 151 .TS IIED    EVERY    SAT ERD A Y
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[\ i mu v (rs mh i\< i I ; t sa.
[PlUCR   Is.
' I :        the I'l'f        -'.■'*--
ij'au.v oceorrences demonstrate the  neces
that even tho withdrawal  i't a lew  twelve
and a half cent Subscribers will not influence
,-i   -.,, , , .,*-,,n our policv, which is justice to thosein ai '    '     '"">«'
some irami  l:ate >n   tMSing i.umh     _ . • is a very remarkable aiucle. bearing in some  measure
s the removal ofthe several Indian en- upon ihe question mooted  bv  -. ;,,.*'-. -,-*.-„:
Xo article of ours Las eve
A o article oioursnas ever tended in  the ■'■'          After dx-relUngupon UirPn»biO)le advent ofa
.,mente from tlio vicinitj   i'i   i'ii» xu«u.                                         . ureal Km       -   su .......      ■ .".'      . ■ believes ihen-j
•3V   •'i-utler.irii   i-t.mr-osin -'    tl"'    ■••*•<■   lhreej8l,glltestUegreetoPreJu(ilcet-iePuuhc   mmd could be no doubt as to the result, and proceeds as toi-
I  '   7 ,    - '                    i ,~i   ,    ,,,,.,„,..Kiiivs against Americans  or their institutions,  as lows:—
Gran l .liiiu-, liaw ui-L't'd that some measures    «» .. Eneland stands el
.ii      i    .   i .       i,; ,-     . iiiwirahlA  • u travel iii  tlii-ir country, and  experience ol
lid be adopted to acliieve bo uesirauit   •'" . r
■' England stands alone among   the great European
-.-.i:.- as the t hauiplon of liberty, and wilh her <lo» n-
ified overseers, or agents, in order, I
' 1
■ •     .1    • li , ..    come,    lot mis point unre ,-nii uo   nt"   uu-tiiM-.     iiit-ic
le    ,,ial many traits in their national character wor- la .. .. , SftUonaj Mhoo,00, who ,,„,„, iBUonui, ot „u.
♦din:    i  lu- ii'l'i]..
' -,,,,,,    ,f ,„.,„,,.i-lv their laws have convinced  us  thattherearo (all would be involved iu prostrauon for centuries to
•obj. '■.■!'. ■! : •• ■:- -  'o\'\ ■ -i!".--' •"•''   OJ , _     ,„„„,.   on this point there can be i
,      .  ,. i  ,,.,,.,.,,.   nf thy of the utmost respect, and many   institu. fact that thn British islands alone,  In  Europe, possess
protecting the rights and property   oi i . _«mong Ui, Brsl class Powers-even the forma of free
lonisto, due regard Bhouldbe had fortho tions which we might cop3 with much advan- ins|Uuli*nSi   1;u,si;UVllss,, Austria, France, a« pure
, ■        . .- ,    .,-,1, ...,;,,,.. Hi. i tairc—added to which, many of our personal despotic monarchies, with some slight differences of
'iiiv- ■
-    moral instruction of these inteM- tage—added to which, many of oui' personal despotic monarchies, with some i
friends here are American citizens.    We  are '"■•••-. Free indlridwd action, free expression of opimon.
exist in none of them.   Political rights on we pun   ol
down t'ti those whoso Nationality is dubious, the governed are ignored.   Somefe-a of the minor con-
but honor those who honor their country. tincntal States possess theeiterual indications of liberty, it is true, but, almost without i inception, they ore so
but unfortunately degraded (savages,
hope, that bo Boon as the all-important
ss connected with the enactment of
•r raising the ways and means for Carry-, _ ,.|; •!,. !... ;,! i j.-Vi rnnn lit -i.ail I"' gOl
i^-i.".-':,. thai ii" linn' w;i! )'•• !'-! in J'!-'"■<■• ■!
jjig to tin- - li — i=i — i.-ii "I' wl.a-  :ii.;ir:tf- I" H-. 1"
be tl"- 11■ ->:t ni"-' imi''riant sul-jv'-i—the one
coniH'''t'"l "i'i' tlit*ili-]"'>al "f tin.'-'.- tribes.
i'ilflii- in'''i->-ity  is  i-i-iith-i-f'l  more  forcibly
fl-ppaivii-..  nwil: _' t" tin.- I ':'.'• t -  elicited   DV   the
.Sign- -i ht-1'1 ai tin-  1 '• ■!■>-■- (''.art, yesterday,
a^«l whi.-h \\ :il   Lt- iv-imir.i t"-'iay, mi   the
lldv '•;•;■. vuiinur tmtii a]'i':iiv!iil.\ l'i-!--voen2Q
iaitl -•'>  v,'iii'S   uf  iiL"-,   which   was  found,   I'll
.i$Dii.|uy la.-t. in a nm.t hank above the Esqui-
■IBfllt hi'i'l:;v. tni'h-i* -m-li -n-i-nl'iar circuinstan-
,'^as, that uTiivr ihniht- :ii-i-   I'liti-rtaiiied  whe-
■'jjUpi- a i'.iiiI nun- !'■!• ha-, it h'.i- ti"t I" "n   c"iu-
.agrl'iir  body  was discovered by  a   person
.>|il||liii'i| Stfvuiis.  uii'l   jiarlially   i'lctil tfted   hy
■aUOlht-r,   liain.'l  I.auuht'ili.     Wiii'li   lintinl   il
*Wfls l\*iiiLC "ii thv niml iinih-r :i iuuik  in   tin*-
. ilai-i'.u- ahi.ivi' thf hri'lui.', wnijijit-d in   a   tvi
bhtiiktt, and Indian  niattitiu*,   with   a   nijic
;Tound its neck.    Its state of decomposition is
such, that it is impossible to positively identi-
the uiil'ortunato man but   from  the color
the hair a portion of which was seen, and
KriDed as being auburn,   we are led    to
Brieve that tin- bi'dy is that in'u while- man.
fti-tlit'i-he cnnie by his death from  natural
^Bi-i's, in- fun I   play,   will  probably  ever   re-
■||§iii :t niy>tet-y. but.   we  should  reeoinineiiil
tjial tie' jiuliee institute  most   soai-c-hing en
-vSji-ii'S, which, t-uii],'...«! with, the minute seni-
Ijtev that un fllieieni. (.'oruiier will, doubtless,
*-',#ulii'''l ll"' ea.-e tn, may ye.t lead to thediseo-
vpfti'V nf the real facts of the ease.; and further,
.t:itait such ticeiit-reiii-es sluulld In-liif  ever   put
j».«top tu, l>v   :i]i|ir"pfiatinu; i-c-rl:tin   suitable
localities  for   Indian  villages   at   reasonable
distu H'-cs   li-tiiu the habitations ofthe whites,
Witliin which limits tht-y should be compelled
>kh the head 'Jackasses' the Colonist has a
winded article, and were thc arguments
Snal, or not known to bo written for the
purpose of making a little political cap
thoy might be considered fair.    15ut be-
in  the "Dignity of Labor," "Negro,''
la|d other equally new and highly interesting
they    only    evince,   the    deplorable
Ital imbecility of those who put, them  for-
|d.    It is, however, a source of griofto  us
trBour ably conducted cotemporary cannot
[nate a topic of his own, instead of oon-
ly following in our wake, and reprinting
iments which bear such evident stamp of
gross plagiarisms,  that we   need   not
out thc chapter and verse where they
|o be met with. AVe really wish to see the
\ist prosper, hence our solicitude for its
liter's instruction.     We should like to  see
. :ftbfiie, originality displayed, as wo are tired of
;':"' ""thd iron heel of despotism"  " itcsponsible
rnnieut" and such very  new subjectes,
ro should recommend that the articles
fr cotemporary should be headed "i-rigi-
or otherwise.    This journal only shows
loranec in attempting to saddle us with
fed-respondent's views,   notwithstanding
lote, that we are in no way responsible
iem.    We have never approved of the
tax, but we do not feel disposed to blus-
t%fit the   issuance  of every  proclamation,
because it emanates from our Govern-
But when it is proved to bo contrary
interests of the community ofthc_coun-
Ihich it affects, we shall be the first to
fcntc its repeal.    Wo have  no desire  to
SKsfcfc    any   sort,    of   capital   by  unneeessa-
overshadowed by tbe great military despotisms thnt
they have to exercise such privileges ns they enjo.i
'with bated breath.' and can hardly t
no.  48  sr   J wis   STklUiT,
1. 0 N D U N .
racsri i -
The Kt. lion, the Ksrl Talbot, K  ll. »C
1!. I!.   I'nhbcll. Kst- . . I' . r\ K. .-.. I. S.
Hoary Pownall, Raq.
Sir Claude Scon, H.irt.
Chairman.—l.ieut Cot, Lord A Lennox
Dtp, Chairman.—T. (', 1'i.iiijr-rr. '■'.>,-., \l. P.
John iVshhuruer, Bat)., U. D,
T. C. Batard, Esq.
,t  1' Bathurst, h'si).
sir James Uannlchael, Hurt.
John Gardiner, Bsq,
tli.-irles Osborn, Bsq,
Assurnuces i;ritnteil on the liies of  persons   in every
TO I'K l.KT.
'l^iiK (test DOttim of ihip  UlliidiUR nn  iit»Trntnrnt
-      Sirvet, irttrly i>ivu|iicd by the ItWIrjIal Da . of ih*
Ibuik of British Jforth America' ctunposlai;s i>rpoin-nt
room mu'. l«o   SBMctooj   Anii*  wivi Ktltticii
Apply u» iho Law Chanbea ol
\ m - Street, \ totorta, Feb, sth. iH-tv
n. KLOBR, Hum*.
Will be :it K-i-iiimall on iho  tu rival of lhc SteameMi
from Sim l-'nuu Isco
Freight for Victoria will be t.ikrn m the lowtat r« »•«.
Victoria Kehruarj I, lsr.t«. i\;..-
r. .v. ruiOTT.
JUMKSON  Sl'UKKT. !:ran,'ii!oni:'.i. IntRin
ill  .li-
Mr. John ,1. Pippy, editor  of the Middlesex  Journal,
died at Woburn on tbe 14th  inst.   He wns thirty-two
years of age.   Mr. 1'. wns a  native of Prince Edward I1'
Island, and formerly published a paper in  Charlotte-
low n.
The Hamilton Bermudian reports that a destructive
whirlwind passed over several parishes on th* island
on the morning of Nov. 23rd, nud at the .-.une time a
large meteor, like a bull of lire, of a glaring red color,
j assed over Hamilton harbor, from North to South, and
suddenly disappeared.
The promise made by her Majesty to tlie Canadian
deputation was to tbe effect that either the Priuce of
Wale-or Prince Albert sho^^iait tho North American
provinces next summen^^Scepting a rupture with
some great power, there is every reason to believe that
the promise will be fulfilled. The matter has been sufficiently discussed, and it is understood that the Prince will
not only be present at the opening of the great work
for which royalty was specially solicited, but that lie
will remain a sufficient time in Canada to become
acquainted with its more interesting localities, ami
physical characteristics of the country.—Arcadian Recorder,
.,,   -, . • ■   station t'i lite, and even part ot the world, ou peculiarly     Skim ot nil descriptions carefnlb and <iiiicW.lv iu-v
saiti lo nave a ,, ■ ■ ■ . ,      , • '       •  ■
.     ■ ,.  ,    favorable terms, pared, and made up,
real independence.    In such circumstances It intent   oe      ,,       r   •,       .,■   i  , ■      ,    i-       u   i  ^
,-,.,., ,      ,        .-i-i.it hvon imiiiiv afforded to  persons assurins the lues' uuci a
supposed that Irishmen, whose love oi libcrtv has been    ,    , ■ ■ , ,'      ,. .       ...   ■  , , , , ,,
,,.,,'., . • .   ,. ,ol outers, so as lo render such   policies   elleitual   sccu-i iln t!"    MrniiutiJ quiCKSUVeri
lf-laudation almost  adnattstam, iniulit I ... ' , ,     ,   ■ , ■        u ,,
uties. tlo tlo    Incini; nuiclnncn bt-ltin^,
tultttbic for ttoccasslns,
Person proceeding beyond the limits of Rurope may   liut-w Skin clothing renovated,
effect assurances on payment of moderate Increased I    T, J, P, has invented a process (br taking tin
■ rales. ' smell from skins anil bus.
Immediate annuities granted on liberal terms, afford-1 cSHTiftCATa,
ing greal advantage to persons of limited Income,
Captain Petrie, of the steamship City of "Washington,
was presented with a hnndsome gold chronometer and
chain, for services reudcred by him at sea to the crew
of the American ship Greyoak, which sprang n leak in
March last and was abandoned nt sen. The crew, ns
well as the captain's daughters, were obliged to take to
the boats, and were picked up by Captain Petrie, who
treated them with the greatest kindness. The chronometer bore a suitable inscription, stating it was presented by the President of the United States for
humanity to shipwrecked seamen.
A I'axihi) Avowal-—The Free (!) Press of last Saturday says—•• We avow ourselves tlie willing slaves ol
the priests: and feel happier under their severest ail-
monitiou than the veriest independent who ever gloried
in the impious right of private judgment."—Glasgow
Citizen, Oct.  IS.
Hack HASTILY.—The most attentive man to business
we ever knew, was be who once wrote on his shop
door—" Gone to bury my wife; return in half an hour.''
He wns no relation to the lawyer who put on his ollice
tloor, "Be buck in five minutes," and returned only
after n pleasure trip of three weeks.
Nbw Amkuicax Dress.—At Monmouth, Illinois, u
new style for gentlemen's dress bus made its appearance, it is a sack cont reaching to the hips, with pantaloons closely fitting to the hotly und limbs, und
fastened at tbe knees with lone; stockings, Tassels are
attached to each knee, ami complete the suit.
Examination hi- thk Alphabet.—Which nre. the
most Industrious letters? The Ilee's. Which nre the
most extensive letters?—The Sea's. Which ure the
most masculine letters?—The lie's. Which nre the
tistical letters ?—The Ts. Which are the leguminous letters?—The Pen's. Which are the sensible letters?—Tbe Wise.
Feathers ami Fir.—They tell a story of a man out
west, who had a hare-lip, upon which ho performed an
operation himself, by inserting into the opening a piece
Of chicken llcsb ; it adhered, and lilled up the space
admirably. This was all well enough, until, in compliance with the prevailing fashion, he attempted to
raise a moustache, when one side grew hnir nml the
other feathers!
More Nice than Wise.—The leader of a band of
teetotallers residing in Cropwoll Bishop, wo are Informed, has been admonishing one of his Hock bocauso a
short timo ago he coniltscemleil to riile iu so polluted
ii conveyance as a maltster's cart: nnd sonic days ago
be proved his own consistency by walking home from
Nottingham rather than avail himself of tho proffered
ride in a neighbor's cart,because it contained a tub full
of grains.—Nottingham Mercury.
Sensible Proposition,—A prisoner In gaol lately
sent to his creditors the following proposal, which, he
believed would be for their mutual benefit:—" 1 have
been thinking that it Is very bad for mc to lie hero nnd
put you lo expense. My being so chargeable to you
has given me great uneasiness. 1 know not what it
may cost you in tlie end; therefore, what 1 would sny
is this :—i'tiu iet, me out. of prison, nnd instead of nine
shillings, you shall allow mo only seven shillings
a-week, and the other two shillings go towards tlie
The celebration of the Opening of the Suniiiiry and
Erie (l'n-) Railroad from Erie to Warren took place on
Thursday last. A dinner to fiuo persons was given at
Warren. The part of thc road which is just finished is
sixty-six miles long. Eighty-one miles of the eastern,
and sixty-six miles of the western division are now
complete anil in use.
A man named D. E. Elmer committed suicide in
Cleveland, 0., on Thursday, under the Influence of re-
ligCOUS fanaticism. Ho was a believer in the Second
Advent doctrine. He wasa nativeof Vermont, through
his relatives mostly resided in Massachusetts.
Pierpont Dyer, a wealthy resident of Albion, N. Y.
was murdered on Friday night. lie wasa bachelor,'
nnd lived alone In bis grocery store. A man named
I'ntric Calllgan, who rented rooms of Dyer, bus been
arrested as the murderer.
Dr. Acliilli, whose arrest for immorality at llobokcn
bus been announced, has obtained bail and is now at
Some careless contractors received a severe reprimand
feel interested In sustaining Great Britain In any struggle in which she might be involved with the Powers of
continental Europe. True. Ireland has sustained many
wrongs at the hands of England, aud nol a few of them I
nt too recent date. Hut a nation has a higher duiv to
perforin than revenge.   Were ii otherwise, farewell to,   Vi.Wvvi,d ^^    -   |h,    „,.llils,.,i ;lI ,,,„,, „,,;,.,,it,,,,., j, |»igwMi „„• fc :,„,
human  progress!     lbere  is no   State   or  P~P»0.^MMCUrea   return of the whole or par. of the   premiums! have iHt-tl ol  Ki.Me.n lui.i.ulnt-ture.
would not find its hands full enough of bloody business     .,   . , ,. ,  ', ■.   ■   ■ nnnmnn ». «
.. ..   _,.  ,:..:... .„' : :..i.i...... .1... :..  I paid,  in case the age nt   which the  aunnilv ll lo com-! UUIM/Anjj .v to
Uni'iiee be not attained. Pacific Fouuilry. Mny alii, ISTiS.
Ai-,. endowmetris on Widows Rnd Children.' j Biukskin unl^-jiur Leathers renovated.
Loans are granted, on approved soonrlty, u> parties r'ur« Bought and Bold ou Uonuuluum.    *'
Wt! have UWd   the lacing leather nMuufncluiYil  by
il superior to   anything wti
were it to set about retaliating on its neighbors the injuries of the past.   Tiers ts no chance forhumonity Imii
by burying them in oblivion. No injury done lo-tlay
will redress an injury tlone in days gone by.    Least   ol
all will 11 crime committed against mankind at large
aione for a crime committed by one nation against another; and a treason against liberty is a crime committed
against the whole human race.    Ireland to-day is a free
county,—an equal participator with England in that liberty which she has long bad the happy privilege to enjoy. The freedom which Ireland thus possesses has
come to her far less by nny great efforts of her own
than by the necessary law of its own development,
I luce brought into direct connexion with (treat Britain,
by means however objectionable, and in relations however galling, il is a mere question   of time  when   she
should fully participate ii. thc free institutions which
the former possessed. The period has arrived. No
Englishman can to-day boast of a political right which
tho Irishman does not share. Both have a common
freedom, nml a common interest in maintaining it.
livery reflecting man in Ireland fully recognises
this, ami every honest man will avow it. But, unfortunately, there are many Irishmen who do hot reflect,
and too large a number that ure not honest. The hitter find they can drive a tolerable trade by catering to
tho ignorant prejudices of tlie former. The press affords
the knaves all necessary facilities for supplying provender to the fools ; and though tbe provender be but
thistles, it suits the palate of the animal who devours
it. Thus, while the country Is, in Its material condition, prosperous, not only lo a degree never known
before, but which a few years itgo would have been
considered bibulous If predicted, nnd, in its political
condition absolutely free, we have a half-dozen or so
of rubbishy   newspapers, hero and  tliere, lamenting
our fallen stnte, and spouting a washy and diluted
sedition for the   refreshment of those who   will buy it
for the daily penny or the hebdomadal threepence,
which, according to the laws of political economy, regulate the supply. In these wretched publications the
only free country in Europe, of any real power or Influence, and the freest country thnt the world has ever
seen, is reviled in the name of liberty, while States
whose abject servitude may well excite COntemptllOUS
pity are pointed to ns models of good government, nnd
rulers whose conduct outrages every principle of freedom and justice, are described as wise, virtuous, and
affecting assurances with tbe Company
All the Company's Engagements are guaranteed bj
an ample subscribed and paid-up capital.
Pr08pcctUSCS   and   the   necessary  forms of proposal,
with every Information may bo obtained on application.
either personally or by letter, at the Oonipanv's oflicesi
ocl8-to Secretary,
For parliculers apply to K. II. Kix'tl,   Victoria.
I't   COKElt, Proprietor, having hnd long experience
J»  both iu New York nud Snn I'mnciseo, is eonlidenl
imil he can givo entire satisfaction  in ihe execution ol
all work Intrusted to bis care.
Second baud anchors aud chains bought and sold.
OaV* a Buck skin drainer wanted,
Foil SAliK.
Dealer and Importer of
Paints, Oils, Tools, Colors, and Brashes,
A Xew nnd Splendid Assortment <>f"
Wall Paper  and Borders.
English   and   American.
iioileii and Itnw l.lnseei
XKIl  Ol-   FRONT  STltl'.KT,
Wood     anil    Willow-ware,    Fancy     Housekeeping
('nods, Twines, Cordage, Shoe and Saddlery Thread,
Xets, Snines, Corks, Floats, I'isli-hooks null bines, nnd
Fishing Tackle of every variety,
Agents for ltiirbour's Irish Flux Shoe Thread, Hilling
Thread, <x.c
Agents for the American Not and Twine Manufacturing Co., Boston,  Muss.
Agents for the Dolphin Manufacturing Company's
Sail Twine, t'ordiigc, kc.
The whole comprising the largest stock nnd best 08-
siirlment of the abovo line of goods mi Ihe Pacific Const,
to which they are constantly receiving large additions
by arrivals from Atlantic Cities. The particular attention ofthe trade is selicited to examine our stock before purchasing elsewhere, as we are determined to sell
ut prices to Dki'v COMPETITION. j29-4m
Turpentine, Varnishes, Japan, and Gold
Yates street, next iloor to Wells, Fargo, & Co.
;*V\  BRITISH HARK SKA   NYMPH,  from  London,
25f000 English building bricks, very jupcrior ;
2 ions nss'd English Corditgo. ii-uui i.[ io i in.;
25 bbls Irish l'ork ;
•Ui tuns West Hartley Steam Coals.
Corner Whnrf and Johnson Street, fd'-gAt-iiii
450 Sacks California Outsell)    " '■ Middlings;
800 qr. Sacks I'Tour, Golden Gate;
"io Mats China Sugar;
20 Barrels Corn Meal;
nu Cases 2 I lbs each Green Ten, lib. package-.
200 Cases Chinese. Fire-crackers
50 Oases American cut Kails;
20 Hhds. Tenncttts Ale XXX;
10     '■ «        I'orter XXX j
8 Barrels, Horace Hillings, Hums;
13 Cases Jules & Harrisons Lard
Hi^n Pointer,
JlllOCt!, practical Gardener and Nursery-man, having
Obtained tbe agency for Ihe Niile of Fruit Trees from
timo of tho best Nurseries in Oregon nml California,
will be happy to supply farmers and others wilh Ihe
choicest, descriptions of Fruit Trees, nl the lowest market prices. .1. It. will also attend to the planting Ottl
of trees, if reqnlrod, All trees planted by bin will be
warranted to grow, and true to inline. For pnrlici.lnrs
apply at the office of the " New \\t itmlnster Times."
N. ll.—Gardens, Orchards, and public parks, will bo
laid out on the best, principles, unit most (easonabll
terms. The fall is the proper season for planting out
trees. nlO-.'lm
Palo Brandy, lu cases i
It. Porter A Oo's London Stoul I'orter, In ealtli
,l dor. each :
Bass' ,\le, iii casts,.'' dot snohi
T5 casks Hlbbert'i Honied Beer, ii do?, em-h;
2 eases Fancy t.'lat Pipes:
il Clocks, nud lun cases  assorted Jams  and Pl»
s.wri, i-iucK ,<t oo,
fil-Ug-im Coiner Whnrf nud Johnson »tr.    .
CM — .biniiiica, n superior iirtielo;
I'orl, iu  1  ilo/.rn cases;
Sherry,       do        do
Champagne, in quarts nml pintsi
Pickles, Pie Fruits, Sauces, Ac, ll, Thin's j
Soup, best English, '.'.MIis. boxes,
For Sale bv
jKI-liu Corner Johnson nml Wharf Strvets.
Washington Restaurant,
rpill-: ABOVE llKSTAIMIANTi.il (iuwrnmrnt street,
|_   between Vales nml Johnson streets, having been
thoroughly refitted, is now prepared to supply the wants
of all its old customers aud such  new niifi an iimy bn
di' nosed to give ii a triad
The table is always supplied «llh  rvery rieiicnev in'
season, together with all ihe substantial remtliltoi for
good living.
Excellent Cigars always on hand. urt-lnt
ST Itl'iCF.iVKli and fo? sale
2,'iini IIh itei-giu a Celebrated Family Soap;
400 Un English While do
.'iiui lbs Fri-iii'li Sperm Oitiulin* ;
ruin His New /.aiile Curriints ;
200 lbs candied itrnii:
.'in do*. California Corn Mromn'*, rtwft'd sist*
Salt Salmon in easki for export,
By w. ll. SMITH,     ,
il.i-ie . Cor. Government and Vatcs street
WHOLESALE and Retail Dealer in Hardware.
Agricultural Implements, Bar Iron, Steel and
Iron-Mongery, nnd stove and Tinware of every description, Glass and rockery Ware, Wood anil Willow-
Ware, etc "'
liegs to inform his friends ami the public thnt, he
has tho largest assortment of tho above on this Island
which he offers for sale nt   be lowest rates,
October -i, I8D«, oi-.im
Salt Spring Island Store
III' BttblCrlbor   having  received   cmirsignuH'iittt of
Pious,   Groceries, and  P'rwlsldns, Ury (foods,
Hardware, so,, will open n store nt hUParnson ,s'alt-
spring Island, about the  tf'tb itf.it.   All gouxls will bv
i-nlil lnr cii-.h. i.l  Victoria  prices,. tfOSt of 'riMYspoTtntioiv
All sorts of produce, sitch as shinglon, deer, grouse,
furs. ,<ic., laken in exchange lor Roods.
Positively no credit will lie ir'?ei,.
.1, 1SKGG
N. IV. Choice kinds of  Fruit Trees, kc, always on
IiiiiiiI mil for sale at reasonable rates. (i't
iVK .ll'ST UKCr'IVKl) Ivc "W B SCltANfOX/
nnd i ci.eiil ai'1'iv.ils :
frfi boxes Candies,
inn bbls Self-liaising and t'oklen Onte Klouf,
3000 lbs Bacon (choice),
2fi tirk'ins Ibijie Btlttfr.;
20 sacks Java Codec,
2T, bags Rio Coffee,
Id chests Superior Black Ten,
Lobsters, Oysters,
Worcester Sauce, 1 k ft Lard,
Pickles, Syrup, kc kc.
In store nnd for sale at low rates bv
Yates street, near W»ddinj*|to.',
N. II.—A choice lot of Fiuisii Burma for Furaily -rie.
•ensuring   individuals  until   their no- through the t,oof of the pialntlffs-honse.
Hire proved to be injurious, or objection- awarded to the parents $3,000 damages.
' Reason and argument will accomplish ,,ItU s1'!i,l",;1-t l? ,A?'If*lfc ?h™,tt 'l?1,,!i"slH'lu's;
° ' the usual practice is to take tbo President, to the nearest
"*ao4|thii.n falsehood and abuse, but W0 are tree and servo him in the same manner. The remedy
allfe oiircott'ini'iii-in-v- iU-s not. l.elieve in Is sirt?I)lc- »,nd is believed by some lobe eflicacioua,
;jv     i ,,r but wi< would hardly recommend its introuucuon lierc.
;-|'niS:i.*-1'J|'ti:i'('.     \\ e. can  ,i--ure   our K>AaeHt\-r-AmtTitmJoamsl,
in the New York Supremo Court on  Wednesday.    The  ,.       ...        , ,       ,       .        ,   . ,,,
case was one in  which a child  had  been  killed  by a  l^>get Sonml Lumber Asiiorted Sims,  cither by C%
rock weighing 150 pounds, which was thrown bv n blnsl,,.     ,    .    "F,   ,  ll    '. .       .   ,   ,
Mendoiuno lletlwood Lumber Assorted sizes;
60 Barrel!) I'la.lci of I'mis ;
50     "       Hosendale Cement ;
1,"-00 lbs-. T'lnsterers Hair;
F'M Sale hi'
a AMU EL F'Kicf;
-4'     l.      f^l,.,,^..   ,|v«^*      V     I *"«"•        '.*.t-
& CO..
MOIiKLH, <fc CO.,
RI',Sl'!',UiFUT;iA call liiti aiiviiUoit «f  Cut.   iiu(,i.iis
of Victoria at,d its vicinity to the, choice .selection
of .UltOCKUli'S AXl) PROVISIONS, which the.v now _._„., .,      vv   .,   ,.,.,,,.,,,„    , ,,   . .,
offc-  to  thepuhlS  m  tb-most  reasonable nric.es for rVm: iucv'.W*1-: Vj1 AKKh  ^egslo announce (lua.I.
, - - ,   . . I JL    ,s nl:' irrWntron to open un Monday nti.v*, ntc <hj
CaBn»Usli!lana im-ricun  Sauces,  Jams, Jellies. MuS-L%''tt *b„e. Congregalional  Leetui-e  Room  near  the
,-1 i.-    !-,,;•-   . ••-L   „-,,i  ni„M- ''i'„„. lipisconal Church, an Academy, where a Iiiuittid i-ispi-
tards, ^itieEars   I.    Fruits,   . --a  w  ,'!'ul\,i Wl,» Mstt-sfV^.urjB.tl.tS! „,» i^Ju^.^r (,„ i^-sW
Crushed and Powdered  Sugars, New  V't'leans  Sug-tr,   "    .*-*•—'-•-« ~-—«-- —   ,      ',   . „i-'   ,t v.
,(IS Sugar, Carolina l-:cc,^xtr.i, Clear Pork, in  MMW*?*'.? °      ^ ,        ^"t
I barrels. Mi lUft', and Manilla Obnee./CT-biiiid and nu-Si"njLUJV ^fA5?a: .,  ',,.,, ,.™,.^',t,'lL.:Wt, . % Z'J:,
ground,  Aiiaiiu   .  ' ;\\ a., .;   • Spwrra     an dle^ '-^Urt whiu, ja&lsottin1J08ai t«^l)|^««SM,
Pei-pW, ■iiKi B!,ck Pepper, wiole «n« (rrouud.   -^'J'^^W^^^^^h^'^J^W-
IfJloar TBacon, end Oregoti lli-nis. SsB/lkfcd «ud rickled
! ijalmon, ;' i">i
I ....wsrrTi?; .«•. vOv,-ura also con-ftiutly I'^ijiiiviuy-by; tiijv.iy
..tiftifl'.-r  1' ■■■14-.,
,...„„' -Hoiuw; of fcittioti 10 R>-l'»j.JM>tt-*J;Mii
I *:';Btsi*"tpas-;tuft!;.!v will be *iif(iit:e,i. sud ii<tdadvctsM
mado for lost time. i -•—Sji. '. .:. _^.
V ■ -"-"'"7""—""'■ .";-;r"':^- ^Sliir^-^SS^^i;
■ f. l**!*      " ""*-"""        ~    "
«*4« ivi ad'tasiic.
.Vj-.-torift, HCTi", W»:
, 11
■^Bjaaajtgjaawa'aiTi;*. M&S&* ^-*-*>\
I .Si
5 flipping JJntcIlignitf.
Approach to the Exoixi* Hoosb.—The difficulty experienced by the energetic member- ui' the Hook and
Ladder  Company,  in  extricating the trucl
Yeh.  18—Schr. Marion. John Boyle, Sooke.
Schr. Col. Ebey, Thomas Hare, Port Townsend.
Feb. 20.—Sloop Leonidi, C. F. Allen, New Westminster.
Str. Eliza Anderson. Bushnell. Port Townsend.
Feb. 22—Schr. Cadboro, Briggs, Nanaimo.
Schr. Lalla Rookh, J. Rodgers, Port Townsend.
Feb. 23—Schr. Langley, Delimit, Nanaimo.
Schr. Wild Pigeon, P. Saunderson, Port Townsend.
Sshr. Kossulh, Foster. Port Townseud.
Ship Princess Royal, Trevctt London.
Feb. 23—Str Otter, Mount., New Westminster.
the occasion of the
US as most  lament-
i impr
mud   into which  it sunt on emerging from its snug
position in the engine house
late  tire, has   been described
able.   Why not emplov the convicts in improving the
approach to this  place.   The safety of our lives and
propertv depend   upon,  the  cxistenco   of un efficient
fire' brigade.    Wc trust this matter will   not  be lust
, sight of.
The distance iVmn-  Fort   Hope to Camp dc Femmc
via the Brigade Trail, is not more than 40 miles, and
•from therein the Somilkamecn is under 30 miles.
This will crtair.lv be the main route to the new
mines, and the Snoqualuiie pass will bear no comparison .villi it. Tiic citizens of Hope are looking forward to doing a brisk trade with these mines in the
spring, slwuld they prove to be rich. An Indian
woman arrived at Hope from the Semilkameeii valley
with her.
Tin: Census.—It appears from authentic returns tha'; The  American  half-eagle weighs  12'j _
the population of Victoria Town, exclusive of  Indians contains 900-lOOOth parts of pure gold,
from theI is 2,123f to which may be added seamen on board ves- Thus estimated the half-eagle shows a preponder-
in the harbor;   i21     Total 2,244.   We presume ance over thc British sovereign of 3 grains of fine gold;
upwards of one thousand of our population have left
us for the mining regions in Britsh Columbia.
Departuues fob British Columbia.—The II.R. C's.
steamer " Olier " left for New Westminster with about
seventy tons of freight, and sixty passengers. The Lord
Bishop of Columbia, and Col. Muody the Licut.Gov. of
B. 0., together with tbe representatives of several mercantile bouses were amongst the passengers. Col.
will return short!-,' to Victoria. _
schr Elizabeth, Meivin.
schr Nanaimo Packet. Hewett, Nanaimo.
Feb. 24—Str. Eliza Anderson, Wright,   Port Town-|-n ;; days, having had to pack iii)
Customs Duties—The Customs and Harbor dues-.it
New Wcrtminster, for the week ending  last   Saturday,
CLEARED. ■. reached Hie maximum yet obtained iu one week, having
lounted to above £700.    Were good roads opened  tn
...ii interior of British Columbia the revenue  from   tlie
I Customs would doubtless average £1,000 per w cek,  or
ort j above £50,000 per annum.
Preioht to British Com-miua.—It would appear as
Feb. IT—Bark Anna, Krell, Milliahn.  Tort   Town
•.-,.),.    is—Schr.   Col.   Ebey,   Thomas   liar
Feb. 20—Sir. Otter, Mouat. New Westminster.
Peb. 21—Sloop Leonidi, C. i'. Allen, Port Townsend.
Str. Eliza Anderson. Bnshnell, New Westminster.
Two canoes fur New Westminster.
Feb. 21—Schr Jllary  Ann. ,b lies. Suit Spring Island.
Schr Marion. Boyle, Sooke.
Schr. Carolina  James Jones, Nanaimo. .
Feb. 22—Schr.   Lalla  Rookh, Rodgers, Port Town-
Two Canoes for New Westminster.
Feb.'24—Schr. Nanaimo Pnckett; Hewitt, Nuuaiino.
Str. E. Anderson, Bushnell, Port Townsend.
liouxi-AitY Commission'.—Mr. Lord, naturalist to the
| Boundary Commission, will leave for San Francisco by
■the next mail steamer, lo make arrangements con-
| nected with the supply of provisions, kc lie will
travel overland from San Francisco to the Columbia
river, and thence up the Seinilkimeen. kc, in the
! scene of ihe Commissions's future operations. Col.
i Hawkins is expected to arrive shortly in this colony.
Thau..—It is contemplated to cut a  trail  from New
Westminster to Seniiahiuoo.—See advoi tiscnient in this
: day's issue.
Sjic fitly ©l:stiiunsltr Sines.
if thc Hudson's Bav Company and tin- owners oftho
Eliza Anderson nre determined to run a muck against
each other in the matter of freight—go it say we, there
is nothing like competition.
Pav.—We have been assured by the Stipcn-
istrato of this town, that the story of the Po-
ivithout pay is not true. They having been
thc latest d.te to which their salary is due.
ensure our'cotemporary lind.- in discovering
i'.--i.T.' It i's" it misfortune
lice I
paid up
What n
Frequent representations have been mado
to us ofthe wani of a Harlx
i- Mi
for New
of a bi
Shipping rx Victoria Harbor.—Steamers—II. B. C.
steamers Labouchere, Otter, and Beaver, Julia, Wilson
lc Hunt nnd Caledonia (repairing.) Barques—Senator,
I Sea nymph, Jeanne'tc. and Princess Royal.   Schooners
—Latin Rookh, Kossuth, Cadboro, Osprey, Wild Pigeon.
and C. S. Kidder.
A fire broke out at thc Indian encampment across
the bridge leading to Esquimalt, nboui 12 p.m. on
Wednesday night. Owing tothe combustible nature of
tlie buildings, ihe flames spread rapidly. The inhabitants of Victoria, who were chiefly employed enjeying
the festivities in honor of the birthday of Washington,
Westminster, and wc are induced, at the earnest solicitation of many of those interested .
.   .        hastened from all directions to the spot.   Great alarm
in the Capital of British Columbia  to bring ; wiis ftt nr3l reit, 11S rrom thc direction of the tire it was
the subject prominently   before  the   Govern- thought a portion of Johnson-street was in flames.
' ' .       . ,, Tho Union Hook and  Ladder Company were soon on
ment.    At the present time it would  appear | lhc S])0t llnd sct lowork u,1(Un. the able direction of
that such an officer is indispensable
port of our proposition, wc have only to bring
iorward a statement, of tho number of ships
and small craft entering this porl. Several
vessels have already arrived from San Francisco direct, and from ports on the Sound
and Portland, also two steamers arriving irom
Victoria, and two from up River every week,
and as many necessarily clearing.   The nnm
ber of canoes and boats may be denominated
legion. Tonnage duty ami head money have
to be levied on each vessel, and persons arriving in the colony, and we arc not surprised
that thc Collector of Customs finds his post an
arduous one. The confusion arising from
this amalgamation of departments under one
111 sup- 'Mr. Coker, the superintendent of lire engines, to pre
I vent the rest ofthe enclosure from burning. Their
efforts wi're attended with success, us by a vigorous
use of tlie hooks, a portion of the framework was pulled down and a space cleared. Great praise is due to
the company for their energetic exertions in this, the
first instance that their services have been required,
but we should advise them to pay more attention to
their organization, and let each man have his allotted
place, or their efforts will lack that success that attends
a disciplined company, who pull together and at the
right lime. A good deal of confusion was observed,
but perhaps this may be nttribute.il.jo outsiders interfering, as well as to the want of practice of the company. The marines arrived on the ground with all
promptitude, but their assistance was nol required as
tbe lire had commenced to subside. A Mr. Fitter, of
the store of J. 1). Carroll, fell from a portion of the
building, which was pulled down with the hooks, in
amongst the ruins, but luckily escaped without injury.
The fire is said to have been caused by a boy who was
watching and renewing a fire to keep thoso who
were in bed warm, but from weariness or being ilrunl-
The Grand Jury ha-, ing duly considered tho evidence
in the several indictments  submitted to them,   have
1 given in their decisions to the Honorable Court.
They have to remark that, in the case of Reg, l),
Jones, thoy consider thnt the bail demanded, of twenty
! pounds upon the personal recognizance only of the dc-
! feudant, was insufficient to secure the ends of the law
in a case of so much importance. They desire to coin
mend the zeal and activity oftho officers (
Taylor displayed iu arresting the offender in
and they direct special attention to the necessity of
continued exertion on the pari ofthe police to suppress
the-s-efcrioua sale ofc^.toxieating lirjiinrs to the.Indians,
now so common.
The Grand Jury,—referring to a former presentment
—again direct the attention of the nithoritios  to  the
condition of the  roads   within  the  Town   limits; and
I more particularly to the dangerous state ofthe side-
i walk in the vicinity of thc  new  bridge across  James
I Bay ;—to the bad slate of ihe approach   to the  present
Court House, nnd the Fire engine contiguous thereto;—
and also of that, portion of Yates street adjacent to Buy-
ley's Hotel.
The Grand Jury represent their belief that the principle of hiring out convict labor for private enterprises
in competition with honest labor is erroneous, and the
practice altogether objectionable on many grounds ; and
they recommend that in future, convict labor shall be
employed on Public Works only.
The Grand Jury, while fully aware ofthe several difficult points which environ the subject, cannot separate
without offering their ii(nnjoii_us to the necessity that
exists for devising speedy measures for removing the
Indians from the immediate vicinity of the town—of
appointing qualified age-ils for• superintending Indian
affairs; and otherwise of taking such steps as mny lend
to promote their moral welfare aud permanent interests
of the Indian population, while protecting the rights,
nud the intere.-ts ofthe residents ol Victoria.
Victoria, I "ith February, 18G0.
To His Honor, the Judge ofthe Supreme Court.
which at the present mint standard price in London,
li:: 17 '.nl per ounce, amounts to within a small frni li
of seven  pence.    If compared with   the old sovereign,
as   given   by MeCullocb,   the   difference   would   be
In the face of facts like these, your correspondent
naively enquires, - Now, 1 want to know if war were
to break out between the two countries, what guarantee
have we that we should get 20s. for these live dollar
[}\h>!bh, or \vhelher,.wi-'"iire ii.it certain to have ft repudiation '.'"
0. P. Q. replies ihat. having tho hftlf-cngles, vou
have the mot, rial guarantee in your hand. I odd. being
universally adopted in the commerce of civilized nations us the standard of value, will always command
its price. It is not a question of paper moucv. Had
it been so, the ijiicr. of " British Columbian" would
have been more apposite : the reply of 0. P. I}, possibly different.
0. P. Q, does not quite agree with your correspondent's low estimate ol the mercantile importance of
Hong Kong. Having, moreover, adopted the example
of that colony to illustrate the folly of ignorant legislation iu currency matters, 0. P. Q. dues not consent to
a change ol venue to another colony (Australia) with
the circumstances of which he mny bo less familiar, but
where tho same immutable principles must, necessarily,
prevail. Tho asserted fact that the half eagle in the
latter named colony, bears lhc value of 18s Qd, only
(admitting its very questionable correctness for nrgu-
inetit sake alone) proves nothing. If established it
would only tend to show that   there  was  less demand
If. or
for remittance elsewhere : at other times, for the bitter
purpose a premium would be demanded : just ns in thc
case before quoted by 0. P. Q., the liritish sovereign is
I frequently 'ut a discount of 8 Ti r |n per ceiu. iimi I'lVn
has been known to be ut u discount of 20 percent—sim-
As an honorable English  gentleman, however n p
Q. ' annot but condemn the bad taste, of which there'
only  too frequent a display, and of which  "Britii
Colombian"  has bo  recently given us un example''!-
il'l iudisi riiiiiiiate  abuse  of our  neighbors  ofa kiiui,"
n i race.   The covert sneer, the vulgar tanntfpointlenii
i, their vulgarity as possibly untrue in fact, arenottli
ci weapons wherewith to assail u nation second in u^J
| ness only to our own: a nation which, having don-,,
less, as we  ourselves   have, points  of weakness from
which no  social  community can be  entirely free
hibits nevertheless in ils example many points wortli"
of imitation—-much indeed to applaud.
Your correspondent takes much credit •.••.himself f■•■■
his fervent patriotism. Protestations of patriotiii
however, even as protestations of chastity by a court,.'
/.un. are ever the. more questionable, the more vein-
mcntly urged. The patriotism that founds its orb/
upon ii question of s. d. is at best a spurious i,rl
duct : and O. P. Q. trusts that when next yonr
correspondent urges his claim, it will be upon n un,,,
reliable, or at least less mercenary, foundation.
O. P.
Victoria, V. I.. 21st February, lRild.
The return ol
head is better understood by those resident at ^"^.P' «nd the blaze throying out some sparks
ignited tho building, which was soon demolished.
Xew  Westminster than   we  can describe it.
Wchavc been informed that it isno uncommon
thing ior shippers and merchants to be seen
knocking at tho door of thc Custom House
at 5 o'clock in the morning to get their goods
entered or cleared.    Hail, rain,  or sunshine,
goods are tumbled about On the wharfs and
put into free warehouses.   Vessels arc seen
berthing themselves where and how they can.
All this would bo put a stop to by the appointment of a Harbor Master who could  by
vigilance prevent much smuggling now  carried on  which thc  Collector, cannot check,
owing to the absence ol a proper force of Water Police.   Xo vessels or canoes  could  get
away without paying tonnage, and four-fifths
ofthe spirits now consumed in British Columbia would cease to be smuggled  stuff.   No
later than last week, 300 gallons of spirits
were smuggled up the  river attached to  a
"snag;" this is too serious a matter to be lost
sight nf.   The Home Government wisely prepared fjr sueh emergencies, and  one of thc
first appointments made, was that of Harbor
Road to KsoriMAi.T.—A few weeks ago the proposition to form a connection between Victoria and Esquimalt. by the construction of a Tramway, assumed a
practical shape. Estimates had been made on the
usual bases, aud a jirnft prospectus printed, Cbpjps
of this prospectus are now in the hands of commercial
men of standing, who will at an early date certify as
to whether the hopes entertained by the projectors be
too sanguiho or not, after which numbers will be circulated tor public use. The undertaking is to be looked
at in n business light only, and on this will depend the
extent to which the inhabitants of the district and
others, will take an interest in it. The scheme should
naturally1 engage the strenuous support of the several
members of lhc Legislative Assembly who have been
returned for the towns of Victoria nnd Esquimalt, and
they should be jealous thai no selfish and grasping individuals step in to impede the project. Having that
due regard to economy which ought to characterise
every company in a new colony, the survey will be
llirowu open lo public competition, when the most
practical delineation shall be adoptctl. The selection
will bo made nnd determined by the consulting and
inspecting Engineer to the Company; who must be
a member of the Institute, of Civil Engineers, and not nn
architect, machinist, or land surveyor, only. [Communicated.]
New Westminster, Feb, TU,
so many miners, the really "good mm
ami une   ni mo ••oiier." tvus a sight refrcBli'mr gy
exhilaratlng in thc  highest  degree, to the laiigiiis|iinE
spirit.- of tho ri sidents of our  capital,   who had beau!
to doubt whether  ihe lung expected' influx of Kniof
luil  would ever commence.   The political parson
Hope   has  nl-ii   returned to  where he   was sent.  Tlit I
many nights of weary toil passed  in the concoction of
the pamphlet  styled  •• Pacts   and  Acts," appear ii,
have   given   ••One  of Themselves" quite a  veucrjli't
appearance, but he will have plenty of time to rer-iiur.
ale at the place of bis first and fond love and "Hopr1
lo which be shortly pro. eels,   lie is the personificiitin
of n ■p.'V'tical agit it'.'-;, .''ill  poor-fellow, .be bus nottile i
else to do in his little quite town, therefore, vou mm-
ply because it is not current in the ports of China, aud: nut be too severe upon him.    " Vintor" seems to ban
itiu   tuiu-i  .-   •>■>>'. ......,,.,   ,,,,,.    ...^..      - -
iaroy   and |'•"' tbal particular coin, at the time, than forother (
this case; required either for circulation in the colony   itsel
as a means of remittance was not in demand. Would
it be legitimate to argue thence, that tho value of the
sovereign was depreciated?
It would be vain for 0. P. <.}.. however, to endeavor
to enumerate the contradictions, anomalies, andabsurd-
ities to be found, in Hie system of currency, in the various liritish colonies, li is a tedious but instructive
list, and well worthy ofthe notice of our Government
here, before they enter '.inadvisedly upon measures
which once resolved on, may entail lasting regrets.
0. P. Q. will not enter upon a full review of " llrilisli
Columbian's" mercantile idiosyncrasies ; the question
upon which be plumes his own peculiar tact, is one of
obvious application. But as regards the supposed an-
oinaly iu the value in San Francisco of good bills at
short dates  upon  London, as  compared  with the re-
iiised quite an excitement and people here now
••There's n chid aiming ye t.ikin' notes
And faith he'll print it."'
On Wednesday last, Mr. Brew left for Langley totrr I
some causes in the county court, and returned ci |
Saturday, in the " .Marin."
Mr. Begbie is stopping at Langley with Mr. Bedfori.
The  steamers  " Henrietta,"  and  ,; Maria," left on I
Thursday  for  towns  up  the  river,  well  laden with |
freight, and a number of passenger- ; und two sellout,
ers were taken in low by the latter vessel.
The dissatisfartion with regard to the mule tax don
not abate, and the repeal ol tlie act would lie much
approved of by all classes. The enforcement will In
highly injurious to the interests of miners and trader*.
The trade will be diverted by il via the Dalles through
Oreg tothe injury of all  the inhabitants of llritiih
Columbia, at least such is the general idea.   Slv oil- I
serviition leads tothe  belief thnt ii will he evaded in
i ure
rv differ- every way thai is p
In-  purrh;
si at
ct   are  nlrcndt
.■bled  upon by the \'ic-1 bus too much to attend to. and the ollieials cannot I
equence, for very  con-  everywhere.   I am  informed  that ihe head money it |
limits your correspon-  ""lv   levied  ou   people coming by  -learners, ami lint
nn   nphir.
most uf tit
Heavy Gai.e.—About, 5 A. M., on Monday, a gale
iuddenly sprung up, and continued blowing until about
."i P. M. with more or less violence. At 8 A. M., it was
at its highest, nnd did much damage to shipping in
i lie harbor. The barque '-.Sea Nymph" and - Senator," were driven into contact and slightly damaged.
\i     ,       i    , ■ , The  scow  Mary  Ann  went ashore at   thc mouth  of
Al.iatci, but at that time it was .supposed that the harbor. One or two houses had their chimneys
Esquimalt would be the Tort of entry for all destroyed, kc The side walk near Rousett's wharf
rrrwla flnoi-t.inrl fis,. IS..;.: ,1, n«i u- n ,. ■ was pnriiallv blown nwav. Such a gale is unusual on
goods destined for British Columbia. Captain j this [jlilll(l| acc.onUllg l0' Ult. rcport 0bf the •- oldest in-
Cooper was appointed to  his present ollice habitant."
and we do not doubt is fully equal to the elli-     P'sn Ncgcbt.—By the kindness of Mr. Macdonnld,
i.i.Mii ,i;or,l,.o„„n „(',!,„ ,i„r  , .. i •  i t  -     hanker, of this town,  we  have  been  shown  a most
i tent discna, go of the duties which appertain bcnutiful spechnen ol- tll„ 0arml river gold (Fort Alcx.
to the situation he holds; but as British Co- ander).   Its weight is upwards of 4ounces, and valued
lumbia pays his salary of £400  per  annum   °vcr*75-   A few more nuggets of this description will
, , 1 '  cause another excitement.
and urgently requires his services, we can-     „ „   ... , ,.      ,.
,    , .     .   .    . . . Excociiagf.me.s-t.—It will be seen bv a public notice
not but support Its inhabitants in   thoir just j published in our advertising columns, this day, that the
complaints against his-non-residence amongst Governor of British Columbia, Jjas offered premiujns of
Ti.'V™     -nrU" t« —* »i        1 .   i   , ,. $150 to those parties who shall first place steamers on
them.    He is not the only truant, but his ser-Lie three following lakes: Seton, Anderson and Lilloet.
vices are more immediately necessary.    Nol^1'? regret the sum is not S300 or §looo, as it would
,.„.„„„ ....,,i ii„, ,1 . , i .     . .     , be inonev well invested.
one can assert that the snipping-arrivals are
so numerous or frequent at Victoria and Es      lH™o™*w»rf"Ul []l? nar,ris,on Rivc!' f\aM- re-
1 u     ii.it'nu, ,iuu  ran- moy-ii of impediments at Emory's bar, and  the new
quimalt, as to prevent   ono   Officer   irom  dis- wttBffon  roads,  we arc  led to believe  that the Lands
charging thc duties of Harbor Master of both u"t\0lnSi -arl-ttt last1!novi^ in tb,°. ri&h* direction.
J   British Columbians will never complain about paying
for work well done.
Police Pav.-There can be no excuse for not paying
the Police, ns the fines inflicted upon prisoners through
their instrumentality, amount to something very considerable every quarter. We .presume, however, that as
soon as the "House" meets, ways and means will he
provided for liquidating the various claims against the
Government of this colony, and of paying the large
debt due to British Columbia for the services of her
officials. It would bo infra dig, we say, to accept them
gratuitously alter saying so much about their' being
PniMunuoNin SooiETY.-f-Wo understand that thc
above society purpose giving another concert on Monday next, the -27lli inst. at the Court, House, across St.
James Bav.
V\"e have to congratulate your Honor on the prosperity in store fortius colony. There can be no doubt of
tbe richness of our gold mines, and of our having extensive farming lands in the upper country; both open
since the publication of the lute proclamations. We
also cousider the "The Small debts Act" a great boou
to the public.
Wc press upon thc Government the necessity of using
all possible means to bring to justice the Indian against
whom a true bill has been found; and we also call the
attention of the Government to tlie criminal practice of
selling or giving intoxicating liquors to the Indians ; a'
practice which has evidently been the cause ofthe murder in connexion with which we have been called together. We have to recommend that a Court House and
Prison be erected without delay at Xew Westminster;
that our ravines be bridged over, and that Columbia
street, at least, be made passible. Wc also recommend
that the streets and public squares be at once cleared ot
all buildings; and that tho attention of the resident
.Magistrate be called to the nuisance of hogs running at
large. Wc have recommended that no duties Kboiilil
be levied on liritish Columbian produce ascending the
Fraser river. We have also to recommend that a tariff
value be placed on all goods entering liritish Columbia;
and that ten per cent duty should be levied according
to such tariff value.
We shall consider the speedy erection of the Mint a
great benefit to tbe colony ; as an enormous premium
is now paid for small coin; also, that some law should
be enacted, establishing acurrency for British Columbia.
That the Grand Jury regret to find, that although
much has been said both public and private about thc
officials who properly belong to British Columbia, nnd
who are not necessarily retained in Victoria, still find it
to their comfort to remain in a distant colony, to the
great inconvenience of the people ofthe colony who
have the only right lo claim their presence amongst
them. Wc nlso would congratulate those officials who
have volunteered to come to tho proper sphere of their
duties ou their true patriotism, and self-denial amongst
whom, wc have to congratulate your Honor.
That this Grand Jury deplore to find that thc preemption law allows one man to enter in other names
than his own more than one claim.
We are of opinion that the pre-emption right ought to
be limited to 160 acres, and only for the man .who actually occupies Ihe soil and nolforthc speculator.
Signed: II. Holbrook, (Foreman.) W.J. Armstrong,
John T. Scott, James Kennedy, Robert Dickinson, T.
Maloney, John Robson, J. Smeaton, Wm. Clarcson, Robt
MeClerish, E. Brown, J. Rummage, T. Bennett, Grand
New Wcstminser, Friday, February 10th 18G0.
To His Honor Judge Begbie.
those in canoes and boats escape ; this i.-
dity and  dead  loss  to  tlie  revenue, as
miners come by the smaller craft.
truived -ratinrol the''"!*rw*eringTi7*rs-easi4y-e«<j»irtl*L   My
the sovereign is to be understood the coined rcj>rescnla-
tive of the pound sterling—not the pound sterling of
lirst class bill.   These in I
cut tilings; tlie bard coin   can
even less than the valuation di
toria merchants (and,  by con
siderably less than the fabulou
dent is pleased to assign). Merchants in San
Francisco desire to remit in the cheapest form. Good
bills present themselves and are readily bought at from
-Is-il. to Ind. stg., accordingly as the demand for remittances is greater or less, nnd the consequent competition Toot Continued.
stronger. It is in these fluctuations of Exchange that
the "balance of trade' is to be detected ; and here
that the intuitions of ''British Columbia" are once
more so egregiously nt fault.
The British   Government while  restricting  the legal
tender in Great   Britain to the  Imperial coinage, have
wisely never objected to the circulation of foreign coin
in anv of their  colonics.    On the  contrary, they havo I?
ever been only too desirous to encourage the iraporta- I !*?iacll0,b ■•mJ..1 -•''■'»■•-'-' ''>'' <■'<- consequeiic
li-illi-S tiltii
T„ Ihe Editm
We arc nol responsible for the opinions of our correspondents. Every communication mast have a bona, Jide
signature attached, to ensure publication.
places without over fatiguing himself. Some
doubt whother his Excellency the Governor
has the power to order Captain-Cooper to
New Westminster, but if any difficulty exists
■we should suggest that a proper representation ofthe iiicts should be forthwith made to
tho Colonial office in England with a view to
immediato change.
Coral intelligence.
Assay OFFICR.—The plans are in course of prepara-
Harbison RivBtt.—Wo  understand   that  Lieutenant
Palmer will be  the resident officer  in charge of the
works connected with this river. We should have I tion tor this Building, lt will be constructed of brick
thought it necessary for Captain Grunt himself, to have | ami although not of n verv expensive 'description of ar-
bcen resident lit the time the woiks are going on. No jchitecture, will be substantial, nnd suited for the busl-
delay should now take_place, or else we shall have the ness to be carried on within It, and add much to the
river commencing to rise, when the necessary Improve-  substantialappearance of New Westminster, where there
• ••>->.».....»  .... i...:„•_ !,.,-i,r,„„
[From thc Victoria Gazette.]
To thc Editor Victoria Gazette.
Sin,—Your correspondent "British Columbian,'' still
harps on the Currency Question, and in a long communication, expounds his views under anew pilosis, but
without attempting to controvert the arguments of
O. P. Q.
O. P. Q. has neither the leisure nor the inclination
to enter upon a long disquisition to instruct "British
Columbian" in tlie rudiments of a question which he
fears the latter would fall withal to comprehend, lie
will, however, while referring your correspondent to
tbe previous communication of O. P. Q. for much information which, duly considered, may be useful to him,
briefly comment upon some of " Britinh Columbian's"
more recent statements.
imprimis : O. P. Q. fails to perceive hmr the^dative
value of gold (i. c. the crude metal) In New Westminster, us compared with its value in London, at all,
applies to the relative values of two distinct coinages
of the same standard metal in a manufactured state.
In the next place, when ■■ British Columbian" gravely
informs your readers that the half-eagle of the United
States " contains less fine gold than a pound storling,
although from being alloyed with silver instead of copper its weight is made up." 0. P. Q. tells him, what
be lias already told him, that ho misstates a fact, and
argues upon a fallacy. The British sovereign of thc
Intest. coinage weigh.-' 123-3]Otll grains, and contains
'.".'..'v.tli uarts of mire cold.
tion into the colonies of coin from oilier countries, in
order lo husband the efflux of the coined metals from
the parent country. All they have ever done was to
establish the intrinsic value of the different coins us a
legal tender; audit is in this unreflecting attempt to
regulate and fix that which in its very nature is shifting
that the various anomalies and discrepancies of the
colonial currencies have arisen. The wisdom of the
government in fostering tbe circulation of other coinages than their own in thc colonies, admits of easy
proof. For instance, to go back to the year 1797 ; iu
that year, when the bank stopped cash payments, and
the country, drained of its resources lo provide for
foreign subsidies, seemed ou the verge of a national
bankruptcy, the whole amount of bullion in the bank
was £1,272,000. In the panic of 1825, it was even
less; but in the panic of 1847 the amount left at the
lowest point of the drain was £9,000,000, of which
£8,000,000 were in gold, and of late years from fifteen
to twenty millions have not been deemed an exorbitant
deposit beneath the vaults of the national bank.
The necessity of husbanding the coined or coinablc
resources of the parent country is thus clearly apparent; and when we reflect that for some time previous
to the discovery of tbe Ural mines, the annual production of gold throughout thc world was not sufficient to compensate the annual waste and wear, the
necessity of economy was still more obvious. A'oii'
the supply is large, nnd there nre national coinages
outside Uie limits of tbe parent land. British Columbia, too, as a gold producing country, will doubtless
have her mint, when she can afford it ; but even Ibis
consummation will nowise affect the intrinsic value of
those coins which " British Columbian" seeks in vain
to disparage.
By what rule of that well known Mr. Cocker to
whose authority he previously appealed, und at what
eccentric rate of exchange does your correspondent
convert $111 into £3 8s. r He Is Inconsistent with himself', f»r by his own shewing, if tbe sovereign be worth
$5, l?l(! ought to command only £3 -Isi Surely, one
who undertakes to set the public, right on a subject of
peculiar difficulty, should have considered more
maturely before hazarding a statomont such as this!
And where now is " British Columbian's" asserted difference of 12J per cent, between the vnluc of gold at
Xew Westminster (the crude amalgam or lhc partially
cleansed metal) ns compared with the value of standard
gold in London? ..In the lirst place, the basis of his
calculation being proved to be wrong, the whole superstructure necessarily falls to the ground. In the next,
gold, as being the common standard of value, rarely
varies in the grand exchange marts of thc world;
more than one-half per cent, beyond the mere cost of
remittance between one mart and tbe other. Thus, as
under :
The value of a standard ounce of gold in
London £3 17   9
The value of a corresponding ounce 'here,
for remittance, nt the. commercial par
value of $4.05 per £1 stg., for GO
days bills is £3 16   7
Difference  0   1    2
One shilling anil two pence, that !.s, or a difference of
one-and-a-half per cent.
l). P. Q. is rejoiced to perceive that tho friendly remonstrance conveyed by him in his lust communication
has had the effect of leading your correspondent to
sounder views on the degree nud nature of the penalties for depreciating the coin of the realm, than he had
previously expressed.
In conclusion—for this letter has already extended
beyond the contemplated limits—O. P. Q. will briefly
advert to one or two extraneous points in " British
Columbian's" letter.
"British Columbian'' has chosen to assume, from internal evidence, that the letter of O. P, Q. was written
by an American. Behind the flimsy initials which he
bus chosen to assume, there aro probably few who
fail to detect tho identity of O. P. Q.; and those who
thus identify him, appreciate alike his character, his
antecedents, and his present standing. Whether the
arguments he has adduced upon u subject of grave
public interest, be such as to justify tlie conclusions at
which your correspondent has arrived, il, is for others,
not 0. P. Q. to decide.
ii all goods imported; S3 per gal. on liquor,,
liquor license, und $H extra for  resbiptneilU
ctoria Gazette.
Douglas, 18th Feb.
1 have only time to write you a few lines as I slnrtfur |
.'.iyoo-h flat to-morrow, where many miners arc goiiu,
ind where 1 purpose opening a store.    The ne.v.oftLt
Ti mule tax has been received with undisguised ilissii.
io liriii-i
Columbia.    Tlie packers openly assert  they  will ner:.
submit to it;  and I pray yon louse your inllueiicciii I
show lhc extreme  impolicy  of such a drug  upon the I
miners.   We are a  patient people, nnd we cannot be-
lieve Governor Douglas will enforce a law which hai I
■such   evident  wrong .stumped  upon its face.    10 pet |
j cent.
New   Westminster,  is  as much as we can   bear—don't |
work lhc willing horse to death !
Tub Maki.mthom  a Myth-.—-Mr, Williams   writes inI
•; Through Norway with a u.ipsack : "—It appears tintI
the Maelstrom, which we read about, is an iiiimitigatell
myth. Tliere nro ninny maelstroms, or bud ciirrenU,!
hereabouts. Several of the channels between the, is-■
lands are, in certain concurrent states of the wind nml I
tide, rather dangerous fur small crafts, and even Inrgcr I
vessels, if not skilfully handled, may be drifted against I
the rocks. The channel where we marked the tnael-1
Strom was one of these, but by no means the worst el I
them ; in ordinary states of wind nud title it may b»J
navigated in an ordinary cock-boat. There isnohunl
gulling eddy anywhere about, and 1 believe not in j
nny other part of the world. The ancient Creeks andl
Romans talk of Scylla and Ohnry.bdis, but they wcreil
set of lubberly mariners, as thc narrative of the vi-yipl
of .Kuens nud others sufficiently show. .No true saiiotl
could have invented such a catalogue of mythical Uftl
rors as those feeble old coast crawlers believed in.l
Thev made more fuss about thc small bit of their petty J
Mediterranean lake which they attempted to niivignte,!
than did tho Phoenician and old Scandinavian about tin I
whole Atlantic. The passage between S'-ylln andjOhnr-f
ylnlis is not more perilous than going through the middle I
arch of Putney-bridge against tide. It is just possibk I
to got upset at Putney, but the other channel is so wlJ I
and currcntless, that the idea of danger is simply n>
surd. I have bathed there several times, and though I
swum about in every direction, never found an eddy I
that could whirl me round. Of course the trivvols of I
.i'uens, &o., are only the dreams ofthe poet; buttbtfl
describe the traditions and terrors of the mariners of the I
time, otherwise they would have been laughed at ivheaI
TiiEiirmiunent of the British people proceeds, and in|
the right spirit. Of panic we can find scarcely »r«-i
matning trace: of manly determination no haveraoNl
and more plain assurance. It is true that men »*,|
interrupted in their avocations, that expenditure, ll I
incurred, that our gnins so far are shortened. So I
much tbe better. This English life of late is far K» j
mechanical, far too much the service of a sordid organization. Look at the large establishments by irhid* I
alone trade works. Observe the want of independent!
action, the subserviency to immense capital, the"11']
possibility of any course that is not chalked out. Con-1
siiler the hours spent in one droning occupation, on»|
monotony of existence. Murk the want of hcnlthfia I
manly excitement. See how little sociability there i'i
in our largest communities, how few occasions tliereI
are on which a mini greets his neighbor. Think of th« I
quantity of enervating selfish luxury that surrounds all- r
Then sny if ii be not fur better to work a little k*s|
incessantly, to fare a trifle harder, not to get quitos* I
rapidly rich, and to assert some sympathy with °ur I
great, national interests, anil bringtoniind somoof»,,l
possible changes of n stcrucr fate, and manfully propaf*I
for them. Let the Rifle Corps become permanent ih'i'f' I
institutions, and they will restore Brilish society to«' I
old hearty tone. We shall havo to thank possible dange** |
for  groat realised benefits. **
Tub Rkv. J. S. Haiiden.—The case of the Rev. J- -?• I
Harden, of New Jersey, for the slow poisoning of b|'l
wife, came ou at Bclvidore last week, but was pout-1
poned, the State not being ready to proeeod.
Piiiet Sound.—By thc arrival oftho Eliza Amlorwjj
from the ports on the Sound, wo have received V^'l
to thc 17th inst.    The Pioneer and Democrat says th»
a mining party is organizing nt Seattle,  to leavo «'
place for the Semilkiiinccii mine, via. the Srioqiiulo-*
paps, about thc 20th inst.    it will bs composed of
iwcen 30 and 40 men. w
T HE     N E W    AY E S T MINS T E R    TIMES
The town of Vale is situated on the west bank of
Fraser River, on a plateau of auriferous earth, which
has been worked by sluicing up to the edge of the
street, and in a few months the whole town site would
1,c a scene of desolation, wero permission granted to
take out the gold. Opposite to the town is also u considerable sized auriferous flat, which has been surveyed
and sold in 5 acre lots, and will in years to come be
of great value as garden ground, should Vale prove
a prosperous town, as there is no other available land
in the neighborhood. Vast mountains rising perpendicularly from the edge ofthe plateau frown majestically
,.ii the scene. Nor do their terrors cud here, for uo
friendly valley or puss leads through or over them, save
ut a most inconvenient height, und they offer both from
their steepness, and from the snow and ice which
clothe them during many months, terrible difficulties
for thc passage either of human being or pack animals.
Nor does the valley ofthe Frascr offer at present a better prospect for travellers. About half a mile from
Vale the mountains rise perpendicularly from the river,
with overhanging benches of rock, and oppose
all further progress except to Iho sure-footed Indian.
This point rounded in a canoe, a precipitous pathway iilnng llie bank of Ihe river, rising and falling according to the conformation ofthe slopes, offers Itself,
luii this is wholly unlit for tin- passage of quadrupeds,
bears excepted. This, howeier, is the proposed road
which, by blasting nml bridging operations on a large
■cale, may be turned into a safe, nnd comparatively
•asy mule road, passable utiill seasons of the year, as
I will be taken along the level of the highest water
nark ill summer and below tbe line of the winter's
now. This road once opened to Lytton, a saving of
two hundred dollars a ton on goods transited to Alexander will be effected, securing incalculable benefits both to the miner and merchant,
The scenery ill and near Vale, and through thc can-
ons.'or pusses (i'i the Fraser, is 'of the grandest description. Vou may stand on a nearly perpendicular wall
uf rock, aud see the river boiling nud seething
tumultuously in its rocky 'ied eighty feet beneath
four feet, and you hear willi considerable incredulity
"that, in the high .v.iter season, the Fraser rises these
HO feet, and as tumultuously washes the very spot you
•e now standing on. Description of scenery is always
meflicient to convey the real idea of its character, and
utliing but a visit to these scenes, can give the faintest
conception of the grandeur of the whole picture; the
vastiiess of the dosolation, which is so characteristic
of these parts, or of the beauty of tin-tints which render
these scenes so picturesque*r*rr.i interesting. Occasionally the sound ofa distant rocker comes faintly on the
| ear, and with difficulty you can descry a solitary miner
I who ia at work beneath you nt the water's edge ; should
vou feel inclined to visit him, you will find that he is
"making $.i to $10 u day; be merely moves a few large
-hoitklersy-and--se« ph*^.4fc&-divt-froiai.feeiiastlLihem,.
washes it, and then earns good wages, though perhaps,
linlf his day is occupied in collecting the earth, as the
boulders are very large.
There are several very prominent bars being worked
between Vale ami Shuggessa, lhc chief of which are
Mil'ii-n's and Sailors bar, the wages being from $lj to
S.'io a day to the hand. Large numbers of Chinamen
were nlsu at work hist autumn, from whom no reliable
information could be obtained, us ihey uniformly answered on being questioned as to the amount of their
■innings, "one dollar, one dollar half, one dollar six
bittv."     This    being evidently   a  concerted   scheme
I « ith all the miners of Unit nation.
Tu be continued.
Ox the steamer Henrietta arriving at Vale, the whole
town turned out to welcome her. The number of persons
congregated, recalled forcibly the palmy days of Tin.
Anvils '11111 guns were discharged, nnd great rejoicing
took place. Tbe Henrietta ascended the river with the
greatest ease, and without, meeting with any mishaps.
Tliere isno doubt that Vale will soon assume its right
tothe bead of the navigation of the Fraser; as the Henrietta will continue to ply through the summer, and it
is believed will be able to make the trip at the highest
stago ofthe water.
With regard lo the mule tax, the people of Tale are
determined to resist the collection of it; and we hear
on good authority, that meetings were held ut which
those present promised to assist each other. What the
people of Vale petitioned for was for a smull tax on
mules, to form a fund for constructing a road, and which
they were to have the control of. Petitions will be
forwarded to the (governor, requesting its abolition.
The Thau, from Lytton city to Hat river, is in good
traveling order, and is a saving of 50 miles compared
with the old river route via. Cayoosh. It will be gen-
t■rally used by the packers ivhich leave for the upper
country this year, and reflects great credit on the enterprising citizens of Vale, who subscribed a large amount
for Its construction.
Ax excellent portage for large boats has been constructed at the cannion above Yale. Bonis containing
.1 tons of freight have been forwarded by llus new conveyance.
Tin; gale on Monday was experienced all down Fraser
river where it resembled a hurricane in its violence, u
canoe which was on the deck ot the Henrietta was
blown oil'on her wnv down the river.
New Viiuk Leoisi.atuhe.—The New York Legislature
irgunizcd on Tuesday, the Senate being called to order
llo Lieut. Gov. Campbell, and .lames Terwilhiger being
(elected clerk.    In the  house, De.vitl, C. I.it'tlcjohn was
uted speaker, and William Richardson,  clerk.    The
11 iiivernor's message was read, and in the Senate notice
wns given of several bills, one to repeal the Registry
I.aw.    Iln Wednesday, in the Senate, Mr. Miiuierre, of
Xew York, presented a petition for a law compelling
{citizens to vote.    A  large  number of bills   were  no-
Itici d in the house, one to provide for the appointment
(of Inspectors and Canvassers of Flections in New York,
other to  repeal  the New York Stage. Company act,
laud a l'ersonul Liberty bill.
1'iik Slaved W'axukueu.—The Wanderer is lying at
Illusion, and is the admiration ofthe Boston ship builders. They say that, if ever a vessel went '20 knots an
lour, she can do it. Her crew is under examination,
nnd she has been libelled.
L'taH.—Our Utali correspondence indicates much
failure of crops in consequence of drouth, und a failure
in wood getting from the early snow. Wheat is §1 60
t" $1 7.r> per bushel, lirighiim has not taken his usual
mi'mmer trip into the wilderness.
The Presbyterian,of Inst week says:—"Although it
Ivas the intention of the Rev.  Mr. Guinness to have
cen in New York by iliis time, he is still in Philadelphia.    During the   lirst part of his visit, curiosity was
much In the  ascendant that comparatively little religious impression   was  produced, but  recently things
lave assumed   u very  different  nml far more cheering
spect,    We by  no  means  regard  Mr. Guinness  as a
£rent preacher or as a brilliant  one. but he is certainly
must earnest  laborer in  his  Master's  cause.   For
eeks past he has preached  every night, often  also in
llie afternoon, as well  as three  times on  the Sabbath.
1 ii many things he  reminds   us   of Dr. Nettleton.    Ilc
s not desire singing after the sermon, and frequently
Inquests that the  congregation   will  disperse  without
1'ieaking n. word.    In sonic cases, where the music has
nt suited him, he has  ventured to take things  some-
Hi,it into his own hands, by reading out two lines of
|l»' hymn at a time, and requesting the congregation lo
ling : nud we must say  that tho  success  hai been so
Iniinently edifying  that wo  almost  wonder that from
jliai moraont tiiis  was  not adopted as the permanent
Jtyle lor that part of the service." '
A citizen of Harper's Ferry  has just forwarded,  for
Iresciitation to Gov. Wise, the  pocket-knife of John
frown.   The article in question is now in The. Enquirer
llice, awaiting the Governor's return to Richmond.   It
i an old jack-knife, a bone handle and two blades, and
las evidently seen much service.    A small brass  plate
^i tho handle is engraved with themiine'Uohn Brown."
In one side of the large blade  ure now  inscribed  the
fords " Pirate Chief and JRbbber  of Kansas.   Taken
run his person^   Attack on  Harper's Ferry  Armory,
f t!i October, 1850."    Of. the other sitle of thc blade:
[Presented to Gov. Henry A.  Wise of Virginia, by
Irch'd M. Kitsmillcr."
JTiie Fuiui-ivE Slave Law.—The Grand Jury of the
jailed Stales District Court at Chicago, has indicted
ight citizens of Ottawa, Illinois, under the Fugitive
"avc Law, for participating in a rescue.
-The New York papers chronicle thc death ofa young
Ian who lost his life by skating till lie was tired, and
I'm lying down on the ice to rest. The cold struck to
Vitals, and he contracted a disease which speedily
Iniiiniited his existence.
I The   Providence   Journal says  a manufacturer in
fat city found u twelve-pound cannon bull in a bale o
Jltnii the other day.    In  another bale  wero  found
Pmit seventy pounds of cotton  seed and  lumps of
Thc following particulars of the mining regions of
the Upper Fraser und Quesncll Rivers, nre extracted
from an account written by Gen. Palmer, for the Oregon press. This well known trader has made a packing expedition to the Fraser River mines via the Dalles
through Ihe valley of the Oklnakane and Semilkameen
district to the Thompson and Upper Fraser Rivers.
In u business point of view, his adventures have been
eminently successful;—
A series of desultory prospecting were made on my
expedition of 18."i8—travelling with ox tennis via the
Dalles, Walla-Walla, Okinakane, and mouth of the
Semilkameen river, and along- the great Okinakane
Luke to Thompson's river in British Columbia—aud
gold was found at almost every point from thence to
Thompson's river. Through examinations were not
made, however, at any point on the route, still sufficient to warrant the conclusion that gold does exist
trrr-TTr**rtiT,-tii.tiiis eirtirirregion. FroTrrTh"e Yakiina"m*i-r'
northward, as far as my travel led, the country strongly
indicated a gold bearing character. During the past
year, in passing up the Columbia, wc prospected a fiat
bur near Fort Okinukane, and found as high ns thirty-
two particles in a single shovel full of earth ; and tile
results of several prospects ou the Semilkameen river,
discovered gold in every instance.
Concerning the new mining district of the Quesnelle
rivi r, we glean the following facts :—
About 40 miles above Fort Alexander, a stream of
"."> to 100 yards in width, heading from the southeast,
culled Quesnelle river, empties into Frascr river.
Ascending this stream some UO miles, it forks ; the
south fork is the outlet of a hike, und is but about 12
miles in length from the lake to its confluence with the
oilier ^N. E.) fork ; the lake is said to be 35 to 40
miles iu length—beyond which the Quesnell again assumes ils river form for some distance, and again
spreads out into another lake of greater size, into which
numerous small streams discharge their waters. The
northeast fork of the Quesnell is also tlie outlet ofa
lake—distant about 110 miles from the fork. I saw no
one who hud been to the head of this lake; but it was
reported that parties hud been up and prospected with
success. On this river und its two forks ure, perhaps,
the richest gold mines yet discovered in British Columbia.
There is considerable line gold, but on many ofthe burs
in the gulches, on the bunks, and particularly in the
bed rock are found what is known ns coarse gold. 1
did not visit this district in person, having advanced no
further than Fort Alexander—the present depot for the
supply of the Quesnelle mines; but 1 saw, und traded
with a number of persons who had prospected and
mined on that river, and am fully sutislied that it will
yield from one to six ounces per day, to the hand ;
pieces of gold are frequently found weighing u quarter
of un ounce. Numerous bars on Fraser river, between
Forls Alexander und George (about 100 miles apart)
have yielded from 30 to 40 nnd sometimes as high as
$50 per day to the hand. Parties have prospected up
the river as high ns the foot-hills of the Rocky Mountains, and have found gold at all points. It is confidently believed, by those who operated on the Quesnelle and Upper Fraser rivers, that the coming season
will disclose a rich and extensive gold-field, well rewarding those who mny apply themselves to that kind
of life. No gold bearing quartz lends of any extent
bnve yet been discovered; but a number of pieces of
gold und quartz mixture have been found on the burs
iindiu the gulches. Tbe richest diggings were not discovered until quite lute this lust full, and as winter set
in by the 1st of November, it gave but little time for a
full knowledge of their richness.
* * * # # #
A cei'.taih noted physician was lately complaining
thnt he hud three fine daughter, to whom he would
give ten thousand pounds each, und yet that he could
Hnd no body to marry lliein.—" With your leave, doctor,"
said an Irishman who was present, stepping upund making a respectful bow, '• I'll i*ke too of them!
A good story is told about the recent arrest of a
Turk upon the frontier of the Herzegowina. For some
time past the Turkish Government have allowed their
authorities to wring a little more out of the people by
means of passports and the devices thereunto belonging. But it chances that a great many persons in
power can neither read nor write, and, therefore, a
shrewd fellow may palm any species of oH'c-jLl-U-v-'-'uig
paper he thinks proper upon people as his regular pass;
thus it was that a Turk who bad travelled for some
time in peace with a document of imposing appearance,
which be had picked up in the streets of Constantinople, at lust found some one who could read it, when
it was found to be one of Jean Maria Farina's Euu de
Cologne labels!
PM. BACKUS will sell ut  Public Auction, on at-
„ count of whom i; may concern, at bis sales-room
oil   Yates-street,   Victoria,   on   Saturday,   the   25th  iif
February next, at  12 o'clock, noon, tlie  British  Ship
' CJEALED tenders in duplicate will be  received for a
GOHKLZA, 521 tons register, with all her appurtenances, i Q    Trail to be made from New Westminster to- Semi-
J.   A.   McCREA,
will sell
ON  THURSDAY, MARCH   1st. 1860,
AT  1 1  OCI.OI'K A. II.
Harness,   Saddles,    &c,
Belonging to  Mn. J. Herkimer, at his Store on  Yates-
strcet, consisting In part of
4 setts Double Harness;
3 setts Curt Harness i
1 d'ble sett Carriage Harness, Silver mounted;
2 sens Buggy Harness ;
12 California Saddles;
1 best English Saddle;
Together with an assortment of fine Bridles, Halters,
Whips, Spurs, Curry Combs, Twine, kc, kc
At commencement of sale,
Which can be seen previous to  sale  by application to
Messrs. Morris k Co., Vates street.
Tbe  above sale is  peremptory as the owner  intends
leaving the country.
f24-td Auctioneer.
us she now lies moored in Schick Harbor, V.'. T.
Terms :—Ten per cent cash on the day of sale, and
the balance on the Monday following, when thc bill ol
sale will be ready. __^_
*£ta*<$tt*-att&S'Alia j. full •^SP'WBrf and a top-gallant
Inventory at the Auctioneer's office. janl2-tc
INFORMATION  WANTED  of Jean Bai'tiste Mas-
BKNA,or   Massenat,  a native  of  France,  by  His
Excellency Marshall Pelessier, Duke of Malukoff.
Parties aware of bis wheureubouts will confer a favor
by addressing themselves to
124-1 m Law Ollice, Victoria.
r-TSm-SECOND CONCERT oftho Season-will-take-
jj      place (by permission) at the New Court Room,
James Buy, on Monday evening, 27th February, 1800.
Concert to commence at 8 o'clock.
Members, in addition to their own free admission,
will be entitled to purchase for friends, three Tickets,
at Si 50 cents each, on application to
Acting Secretary.
f2-l-2t Trounce Alley, Government Street.
tment of
From the Manufactory of S. W. Silver k Co.,
North Woolwich,
Consisting of the following :
Non-absorbent Perflated Coats;
do ilo do    with Cupes;
do       buttoned and plain Leggings:
Cambric Sheeting und Alpacca Coats, with and without
Silk Sheeting   and  Alpacca Coats with  aud without
Hoods and Capes *-•
Driving Cupes with and without IIood3 ;
Water-proof und Sheeting Huts and Caps;
Sou'-westers, Napier Huts,  Storm Caps, Sheeting Helmets and Knapsacks;
Vulcanized Water  Bottles.  Brush   and   Soap   Trays,
Buckets and Basin ;
Sitting  Bath,  Wood  side  and  lraiued  do, Foot  and
Circular do;
Mole, Jean, Reeded, Chintz and Pillow Beds, Bed  Bellows, Silk Beds;
Sheeting Bugs, Trunk Cases, Haversacks, Antigropcbos,
Circular Pillows, Bath Sheets;
Reeded. Divided and French Air Cushions;
India Rubber and Canvas Hose.
The above invoice is  open for examination  at our
office, nnd will be disposed of at a moderate advance on
thc sterling cost. SAMUEL PRICE k Co.,
corner of Wharf aud Johnson strs.
Viotorui..V....L_r>b. 2a;..18il(L... .        _j2L-.ini..
East side of Government st. bet. Yates k Johnson st.
puchasing, and leasing property, to negotiating
loans, nnd transacting everything connected with Real
Estate business.
Maps of all the different Districts on the Island may
bo seen at" his ollice, Parties desirous of purchasing
homesteads, or making investments, will find on his
Bulletin Board, Town Lots on nearly every street;
Farming or Gardening Land in evey District, some of
which afford a rare chance for  investment.
Conveyances, leases, kc, drawn up at reasonable
rates. f24-3m
— WILL be—
$8 00 PER   WEEK,
jjSfPayable in Advance.
IA Mu. McClelland writing from the Semilkameen
pr on the 10th Dec, states that, the river is fror.eu
Pi'md that tho only way of prospecting, is in cutting
fay the ice, and taking up gravel from the bed of the
I'er, which is very shoal, not being over thirty inches
its greatest depth of water. By this method wc
felly obtained from 10 cets. to $1 to the pan. The
pr for 12 or 11 miles is ou the American side ofthe
lunda.ry, where the mines, so far as prospected arc
Inlined. Tbe width of tho river is, on an average about
yards; tho gold is ofa coarso quality, the largest
lave yet seen being a piede worth ,*?2,'i 60 j I bavo
fi0 seen many smaller lump;- worth SO cts. to S7 50.
The general feature of the whole country is mountainous, mostly timbered; the more elevated parts with
scrubby spruce-pine, often intermixed with aspen ; the
lower slopes and valloys with Br and yellow pine and
some hemlock. Along the streams, bikes and nlurshes
(which arc numerous) Balm of Gileutl and Cottonwood
abound. Around some of the bikes, and occasionally
on water courses, spots of considerable extent of open
prairie hind aro found, and aro well set with fine
bunch grass; the marshes have a coarser kind, and
many of the forest districts arc coated with line grass.
Vegetation seldom commences before May, nnd to but
little purpose before June, and closes about the 1st of
October. It is said that the snow seldom falls more
than G inches deep before the middle of January ; the
heaviest fall usually in February, and rarely exceeds
three feet. There arc a few localities where horses und
entile find winter pasturage.
By explorations of the country he writes:
Between the head of "lake Okinukane and the Quesnelle river district, I havo uo doubt that a practicable
trail may be found that will reduce the distance of
travel by the present trail from full 75 to 100 miles—a
very material item in considering the cost of transportation by pack mules. The country between these two
points, 1 am confident in the belief, is ns rich iu gold
mines us is the Quesnelle; and should, and doubtless
will, be fully explored nnd prospected the coining season. With a comparatively small outlay in improving
the wagon routes between points of steam navigation,
I nm of opinion that the cost of transporting supplies
would bo lessened to such extent ns would give to us
much of the carrying trade, thereby most directly
securing to us a market, for the products of our valleys ; for it is evident thnt, if trade continues by the
way of Victoria and Fraser river, nearly tbe entire
amount of supplies will, as they have been, continue
to be purchased in San Francisco.
The     distance     from    tho     Semiikimcen     rivet
to   the   foot   of  Lake   Okinakane,   is   between    35
and 40 miles.    The Lake is a beautiful sheet of water
of 80 or ilu miles, but is believed to be wholly in Brit-.
ish Columbia.
Alfred Tennyson has been paid ten pounds a line for
a poem, which is 'announced for the January number
of Macmillau's Magazine. It is entitled, "Sea Dreams;
An hill.
A man residing in Kettering, named John Plummer,
laboring us a factory operative, was a few days since
presented tvith forty pounds from the Queen's Bounty
fund to literary men, for thc several productions of his
Yates Street, below Waddington-strcet, Victoria.
HE subscriber offers tor sale a large  assortment of
all  kinds of Boots and Shoes,  received by
recent arrivals,, including Men's,
Ladies', Misses' and Boys'
Boots and Shoes, at the
Cheapest rates.
Findings of all descriptions.
Parties wishing to purchase will fined it to their advantage to call and examine before purchasing elsewhere.
E N D E R S will  be  received up till Wednesday,
29th inst., for the erection ofa Brick Building, ou
Vates Street.
Plans and Specifications will be seen at the office of
thc undersigned.
The lowest tender will be accepted if otherwise satis
factory. JOHN WRIGHT,
f22-tc Architect, Yates-street.
ahinoo, commencing at a point on the river bank opposite the City and proceeding in such direction, andform-
erf in such a manher as described in Specification which
may be seen al the office of the Chief Commissioner ot
Lands and Works, New Westminster, between the
hours of 10 a. m. and 12 noon, from the 24th inst., up-
to the 15th March next inclusive, after which date m>
Tenders will be received.
The payment for the above named service to be altogether in Rural Lund, valued at ten shillings per acre
with the special privilege of immediate selection from
surveyed or iinsurveyed lands (subject to reservation
by Chief Commissioner of Lands and Works for the Public Service) und the hind so selected will be retained by
Government for the Contracting Party until the work
shall have been completed to the satisfaction of said
Chief ('onnu.ssioncr.
R. C. Moody,  Col. R. E.
and Chief Commissioner of Lauds and Works, B, C.
Victoria, V., I. 20th Feb. 1860.
rilE.VDER.S are required for  the funds  necessary for
j|      the construction of the road   from  Port Douglas
along the II.irrison-Lilloct trail to Cayoosh.
The Amounts advanced will be secured upon thc tolls
levied upon the road, und will be repaid from time to
time out of the moneys received in respect of the tolls.
Further particulars may be obtained upon application
to llie Treasurer of British Columbia.
By order of His Excellency thc Governor.
• '    w, DniscoLL Gosset.
Feb. 20th. 1800.
THE Government of British Columbia will givi a
premium of one hundred and fifty dollars to the
person who will first place a steamer for tbe carriage of
Passengers and freight on Seaton Lake; a like amount
to the person first placing a like steamer on Lilloet
Lake ; and a like amount to the person first placing a
like steamer on Anderson Lake.
W. A. G. Yorxo.
Acting Colonial Secretary.
SEALED TENDERS iu duplicate will be received for
constructing a Wagon Road, extending from Fort
Vale by the rocks along the first pass, to '• Hodges'
House," on Fraser River, a distance of about 5 miles,
more or less.
Specifications to be seen, and information obtained
nt the office of tbe Chief Commissioner of Lands and
Works, New Westminster: and at his office in the Public Buildings, Victoria, V. I., between the hours of 10
and 12 a. m., from the 16th inst, up tothe 15thproximo,
after which no tender will be received.
The', owest or any tender may be rejected.
MHENDERS on tbe above conditions will also be rc-
_|_ ceived from the 16th inst, to the 16th proximo, for
blasting and removing the rocks which impede the
navigation of Fraser River near Emory's Bar.
Victoria, 13th February, 1860.
TENDERS  Will be received up till Saturday, 25th
inst., for the  erection of a Frame  Building, on
Government Street.
Plans and Specifications will be seen at the office of
the undersigned.
The  Lowest tender will  be accepted,  if otherwise
satisfactory. JOHN WRIGHT,
f22-tc Architect, Yates-street.
JUNE, 1859.
NOTICE is hereby given to those persons who may
not have paid in full for Town Lots purchased
by them in the above named City, that the balance due
from them on said lots will be received by the Treasurer
up to the 31st March inclusive, after which all lots for
which the purchase money has not been paid in full,
will be forfeited.
Col. R. E., and Chief Commissioner of \
Lands  and  Works, B. C. /
Victoria, V. I., 18th Feb., 1860.
WANTED.—A YOUNG MAN willing to make himself generally useful as Office messenger,  in a
Government Office nt New Westminster.    He will have
to produce certificates of character, or references.
Salary, $30 per month with Board and Lodging.
Apply to E. II. KING, At this Ollice.
February 24th. f24-tc
veyor, and Auctioneer of Real Estate only.
Government Street, near Post Ollice.
Victoria, V. I.
Perfumery   and  Toilet   Articles,
Of reliable qualities.
Paints, Brushes, Window Glass, Putty and
V arnislios.
Raw and Roiled Linseed, China, Sperm,
Lard, Polar, Neatsfoot, Coal and
E N D E R S will be received up till Saturday, 25th
iust., for the erection of a Suburban Villa, on tbe
South side of James' Bay.
Plans and Specifications will be seen at tho office of
the undersigned.
The lowest tender  will  be  accepted if otherwise
satisfactory. JOHN WRIGHT,
f22-tc Architect, Yates-street.
TIIE A. 1 Clipper Schooner "Nanaimo Packet," Capt.
Hewett, will  sail for the  above Ports  Weekly
For Freight or Passage apply on board.
! fl5-3m
ORGANIZED  MAY,   1852. CAPITAL, $600,000.
For   coal  Oil  and  Burning  Fluid,
&c. &c. &c.
Orders  executed  at the  lowest market rates, and
promptly dispatched. dl'2-lm
WANTED.—Female Servants, Housemaids, Cooks
Nurses ; and also Gardeners, Grooms, and all
classes of Domestic and out-door Servants.    Apply at
this office.
February 6th, I860. f6-tc
of regular Messengers, to Oregon and Washington
Territories and San Francisco, there connecting with
our interior Express to all parts of California, and to
all parts of the United States and Canadas, via Panauu.
and Tchunntepec and Southern Overland routes.
Unsurpassed  facilities  for  dispatching freight und
packages to all parts of Europe.
Shipments direct from England via Southampton and
Treasure Shipped and Insured at lowest rates.
Packages and Letters received up to latest hour oi
Checks on our office in San Francisco.
Exchange on all the principal cities in the United
States and Canada.    Also, on
Receive Deposits, general and special.
Buy Gold Dust, Land Warrants, Treasury Warrants,
Bills on London anil Certificates on San Francisco
Advances made on Gold Dust.
Purchase Goods of every description.
Execute Commissions of all kinds, and make Collections at any point Jn thc United States, Canada, or
Ollice, Yatos street, between Wharf and Government
strcc tR
d3-tc C. C. PENDERGAST, Agent.
ANY person or persons holding titles for town lots
at Langley, may transfer the same in part pay •
m«ut for any lut or lots they have heretofore purchased
or which they may purchase at New Westminster, at
the forthcoming sale of Town Lots by Auction, on th»
5th of April next.
Col. R. E., and Chief Commissioner of \
Lauds and Works, B. C. j"
Victoria, V. I., 18th February, 1860.
Office of Chief Commissioner of Lauds and Works, 1
13th Fobruary, 1860. /
CERTAIN of the Reserved Lot3 on Columbia Street,
and other parts of the city of New Westminster,
will be sold by Public Auction, at New Westminster,
on Thursday, the 5th April next.
H. C. MOODY, Cot. R. E.
Chief Commissioner of Lands nnd Works
1 PERSONS wishing to subscribe to the
Victoria Gazette, arc requested to leave orders
with W. F. IIERRE, News Depot, Yates street, near
Wharf, as we have conceded to him tho sole right to
carry that paper and to furnish it to subscribers.
SEALED TENDERS, in duplicate, will be received
for constructing a Waggon Road, on the following
portions of the Harrison Lilloet Road, viz :—
1st Contract—Extending from a point on the Ravino
above tile ten mile House, along the 20 feet
cutting, to the bank of the Scddall River, near
the 16 mile House, a distance of about 6 miles,
more or less.
2nd Contract—Extending from the left hand or
south bank of the Seddnll River, along the 20
feet cutting, to thc foot of the spur of the mountain projecting into the Lilloet River, nbout 2
" 'miles beyond tho Hot Springs j being a distance
of about 6 miles, more or less.
3ird Contract—Extending from a point along the 20
feet cutting, on the north side of the spur of the
mountain projecting into the Lilloet River, to
tho 28 mile House, a distance of about 6 miles,
more or less.
Specifications tube seen and information obtained
at tho office of the Chief Commissioner of Lands and
Works, New Westminster, and at his office in the Public Buildings, Victoria, V. I., between the hours of 10
aud 12 A. M., from the 16th inst., up to the 15th proximo, after which dale no Tender will be received.
Separate Tenders will be required for each Contract,
to be addressed to tho Chief Commissioner of Lands
and Works, B. C, tho envelope endorsed " Tenders for
1st, 2nd, or 3rd portion of Harrison Road," (as the
case may he). Tbo lowest or any Tender may be rejected.
B. 0. MOODY,
Col. R. E., How Westminster.
Victoria, V. I., Feb. 13th, 1880.
We are nol respontihlc for the opinions of our correspondents. Every communication must hare a bona jidt
signature attached to ensure publication.
[From the Victoria Gazette.']
New Westminster.
On Friday last a special court was held by Hi- Honor
Judge Begbie, to try some  Indians who bud been committed as accessories  in murdering 3 Italians,   ivhich
created so much  stir at the time.    His   Honor briefly
addressed the Grand Jury in appropriate  wen!-, when
they retired and  found a true  bill against  one Indian
known by the name of •' John Chinaman," who has as;
yet escaped justice, and thc others, against whom tliere
was scarcely any evidence,   were liberated.    It may. j
perhaps, be hardly credited, but the cost of keeping
these Indians al Langley is computed to l>e over £200.
Justice is evidently  an expensive article here.   There;
has been but little news of any moment this week for
hip to chronicle for you.    The steamers have been very
busy idling up and down the river.    We miss Captain
Murray very much as tin-re is a movement on foot fo
run him down in his absence,   The "Cliuch" arrived on
Thursday with about 100 tons of freight.    This i- the
second arrival direct from  Sun Francisco,  und lam
credibly informed that she will be followed by several
others."  Thc Victoria merchants will have tu look out.]
as, if this goes on to any  extent,  they   will   have t"
move up here.    By vessels coming direct here from San
Francisco, nearly everything can be obtained at the
same prices ns at Victoria, and miners themselves, who
arc arriving, nut hy.nncs but by tens in canoes, assert
that hud they been aware of this fact, they would have
remained here instead of Viotorifl..
This place has been rife with surmises and rumors
as to the cause of the late distinguished emigration to
Victoria by the "Otter." Their return is anticipated
by the "Anderson," therefore, we shall doubtless be
soon gratified.
I have been told of one case of smuggling of over
200 gallons of spirits, and one trailer here was offered
£10 if he would rinike out a bill us if bought here. He
refused, but some one else must have done it, as they
arc safely passed. Oncol' the dodges is, 1 believe, to attach
the kegs to a snag jusl below the island, near this
place ami enter New Westminster, keeping watch nt the
" snag," as it goes up wilh Ihe flow, then enter in the
customhouse, and clear as miners, and so the goods goon.
It is calculated from tlie amount of spirits that reaches
Douglas and other towns, thnt not above one-fifth pay I
duty.    This is an item Ihat requires looking into.
"The"BrTtTge"acrb'ssllie •"•T.riuieitc'' tS"f'niisife"l-;rt^i-t.
I expect shortly to have to notice its downfall. The
report I gave vou nf«*t in my last was from an able
engineer who bus bad much experience iu building
wharves, piers, and bridges, in New Orleans, and I believe bis views In be perfectly correct.
Rather an anomaly exists here. There is but one
bonded warehouse. I mean by this but one person
who has lodged securities for keeping such. Tlie immaculate collector of customs permits goods to be
bonded iu a free warehouse, therefore there is nothing
to prevent the goods being taken out. and no money
could be claimed, us there are no bonds to come upon.
Is not this a farce? lt is quite time that His Excellency appointed a commission to enquire into the management ofthe customs, and 1 would suggest that they
should particularly devote their attention to devising
menus to stop the smuggling now ruining both the
public and private individuals.
What has the Rev. It. C. Pringlo been doing in Victoria? Why does he not go to where, he. was sent'!''
Would he uot be much more properly at his cure at
Hope instead of turning politician 'f it is quite evi
dent that he is going iu for martyrdom on some side, it
does not signify which us long as he gets notoriety.
I was shown on Saturday a very fine nugget of gold
about 3} inches in length, and 2.1 in width at the luise,
tapering to i inch at thc top, iu"thc shape of a harp.
It was with several others of smaller sizes. These
were obtained iu Dry Diggings at Canal River, in a
very short time in a small hole on a flat, by a Frenchman, who obtained over §2000. This looks well, and
British Columbia has not '- caved" in yet. Tlie wna-li-
mous opinion here is against the mule tax. You must
use your influence to have it repealed, as this repeal is
a necessity. Should roads be required, sny the British
Columbians charge an extra 5 per cent, on the customs for such purposes. The same staff that is here
now would do for collecting this extra duty, and such
extra duty should be kept separate from the 10 per
cent, and the money expended only on making roads.
This would be stood, the other I fear from the character of the country will not, and it is a subject that
should immediately be looked into. It is a pity this
tax should have been devised just now, as it gets up
another cry against the Government, whose recent
measures have been such popular ones.
Great want is felt here for a constabulary force; at
present there is only one constable. Wo want a man
like constable Humphries, of Douglas, energy combined
with bravery. Fancy a constable, when seeing a man
raise his pistol and threatening to shoot, refusing to
take the pistol from such a man. Such happened here
a short time ago. The plaintilf Crawford, in Scott's
case, has taken it before Judge Brew, and the ease will
come on before him on the 1st of .March. Crawford
claims £50 damages.
When is a council to be granted to British Columbia?
wc want, it sadly. The mule tax would never have
been levied did sueh a council exist. Roads would be
made much quicker, nud little more action might have
been infused into the drowsy Lauds and Works. Preempting still continues, nnd great demand for lots.
Ono man told me yesterday that coal bus been found
in several places, but more particularly in tbe neighborhood of False Creek. He came up lo pro-empl
land beyond the second Narrows, but was too lute, all
with water frontage having been previously taken.
Last week one of the settlers at Pitt River hud his cows
attacked by wolves and lost one, a bus milch cow. lie
supplies this place once a week willi milk, a profitable
The weather is still rather severe ou Harrison Lake,
sleigh driving on thc lake is the order of the day, and
a canal through the ice has been cut for the canoes to
go up, but at Ciiyoosh the climate is as mild as Victoria; Captain Lcmpriere leaves to-day by the Henrietta, to survey for a road somewhere" in* the neighborhood of Hope.
      . • *	
To the Editor of the Victoria Gazette.
Douglas, 3rd February, 1860.
Sir:—The monotony of our life has been suddenly
disturbed by rumors of an approaching duel; and 1 hasten
to give you the particulars. One of our most respected
merchants arrived here yesterday, after a short sojourn
in California ; between whom and one of our officials at
this place a personal difference appears to have existed
and dame rumor further asserts that said official had in
some manner slandered him during his absence, and of
which he was informed at Victoria on his return. \«
a hostile meeting is on the tapis, I shall, for the present
maintain secrecy respecting the names of the parties,
giving merely their initials.
The challenge sent, 4th February i—
Mr. D to Mr. H	
Sir:—Upon my arrival from California, I learned that,
you have made use of language respecting me, which
you well know to be u lie, and it only confirms the
opinion I have always had of you, viz, that vou
are an unqualified liar and coward.
My posit'on here renders it impossible, nor is it my
intention, to infringe the laws under which I live,but I
shall be very happy to meet you at any designated spot
in Washington Territory. Tho steumerEliza Anderson
leaves New Westminster for the different places on the
Sound* my friend Mr. W. in Victoria, will arrange
matters for me.
i hear the challenge isocccptc
the fight   emu''.-  off in British
'Mr. D would. I should think, object, as
property at  stake in this colony.    1 will inform
farther particulars as they come to my knowle.dg
The  continual grumbling of certain   parties
lead people to suppose that we British Colum
discontented,   nnd   sunk   into    tlie depths of
ground down by thc " iron heel of de
us   analize—first,  there   is   a  half-c
politician, suffering undera very bud cold and overflow
of bile—who  to tin- Colonv's misfortune possesses
upon condition that "business world, that
ilumbin : ion l-i this|plicity before us we
•I.  u- be has   in
uld ;
inns are'
potism;    but let >
I will c
-reel this, nud say instead, who
I' ihe   risible  faculties of her
is iu these colonic, is an uncom-
. ubstitute for Punch and Judy, only that
looked nose, be has a booked  stick : and
printing pr
in the greai
Majesty's 1
liionly   gOO
instead of
several individuals, who never before have been able to
express their views  through the columns nf the press,
owing to tli"  dislike    which   respectable journalists
usually possess  for the elegant style of literature in I that of thi
which  their class  deals,  and some  dissatisfied office as they nr
with n system of such perfectsim-
hould have so long retained a method so complicated and so utterly wasteful to our burn of siness hours, upon which we are compelled, by ourmo-
I notary ami commercial transactions, and ihe multitude
of our calculations nnd accounts, to set so high a value.
Tlie word decimal is bin lit tlo understood.    The general idea is, that it means something about  fractious
only.    This i-- not the case.   Our simple arithmetic oj
whole numbers is a decimal system.   A decimal coin-
and-tnlk-bimlage would have no more to do with fractions thai,   our
untuar-blind j present British coinage.   With   our   coins   we   write
pounds, shillings,  pence, aud farthings.   Thi- system
gives a world of needless trouble,  because the  number
of farthings in a penny, of pence in a shilling,  and ot
-hillings in a pound, are nil different, and iu,every  calculation of prices, comparative value, percentages, and
interest, in every addition, subtraction, multiplication,
and division, tlie pounds, shillings,pence, andfarthincs
have to be dealt with differently.    They  are   not only
of different values, but they stand in a different arithmetical relation to each other; und in a  relation from
figures in simple arithmetic.    If our  coins
written in our account bonks, stood iu the
For .-uie.
mm-: nori
i-'n  acres  enclosed
dwelling house, ce]
Apply to
-i- 'an  £25
ITU DAIRY FARM, within four miles of
on ihe Saanich mud. consisting of about
ami  250  acres pasture land, with
u-ious barn, kc, kc.
Hudson's Bay
finite dee
the famous
of which I
I   discharged  servants   afford   us   an   in-
i i   merriment.     This   Mr.   editor,   i>
Colonis.'s literary company—an olla podrida
as a liritish Colombian, wish our sister col
ony joy ; and should be perfectly willing to lei the put
continue to boil, feeling certain that it will boil over
before long, or "bust its boiler,'' which ij much of n
muchness: but then why not confine themselves to their
own Vancouver political pot ? WI
into British Columbia's pic? Mi
you will catch it also if you meddb
belong to ynii.   Olio grumbler says
y poke their lingers
id you,  Mr.  editor.
With what does not
'• nothing has been
done to promote the development of the gold diggings
—had roads or even trails been constructed—different
would have been the present aspect of affairs," lie
blames the govcrii'tncnt for this deficiency ftbis-I know
to be unjust for many reasons, and I maintain, that for
one year much has been done, more perhaps than the
goverment was justified in doing under tbe circumstances. There bus been a great outcry against the
Land.-; and Works department—in this I do not entirely
concur—tliere can be no doubting the fact that too
much cure has been bestowed, and money expended on
"fancy paths and picturesque ravines" at New Westminster, which town site is badly chosen; had Langley
been retained ns the capital, a large city would now be
there. Do what you will, the position of New Westminster on the side of a mountain, in the middle of an
impenetrable forest, is sufficient to check all progress.
The Chief Commissioner committed a fault in adopting
the site, let him admit his error, chose a new town site
in a decent locality, and start afresh. The onus of thi.-
selection, 1 presume, rests with the Ohief Commissioner,
and 1 believe he has never attempted or wished to repudiate It-.—Now sir-, iv.aarta.in.. ftump..oraj.pj; above referred to bus said as a great recommendation to popular
favor that he had been in the colony since 1858, and
many other brilliant facts; 1 have been here also since
lR.-pX. and I will tell you also what I have seen. With
the assurance that I can prove what I say, I will remark
that the administration of Governor Douglas has been
one of the strictest impartiality, and the following facts
will demonstrate to any reasonable man that His Excellency, although having a most difficult task to perform, the peculiar position which thc suaden influx of
thirty or forty thousand persons of all sorts of nationality placed him in, mid the creditable manner in which
lie cared for their wants and supplied them, was as
once acknowledged by the Home Government, and he
was rewarded, most inadequately 1 can say, with the
Companionship ofthe Bnth. Look back to the months
of July nnd August, 1858, when numbers were pouring
into our Territory, not only from California, but from
Whatcom, which place, had it not been for Governor
Douglas's promptitude, und foresight, would have been
the scat of trade ou this coast, and our indefatigable
and enterprising neighbors would have reaped the advantages we are now enjoying. Tliere is no "bunkum " about this, Governor Douglas was smarter than
Brother Johnathen in this instance, and mind you in
saying this lam paying both a mighty big compliment,
as the Irishman would say. Flour at Whatcome was
835 and $40 a barrel—what docs His Excellency in
this emergency—why. Mr. editor, he, as Chief Factor of
thu Hudson Bay Company, the ruthless, hardhearted,
grinding, miserable Chief Factor, actually possessing
tlie power of keeping up the prices, owing to the non existence of other mercantile houses, positively continued
to sell flour and other provisions at the same price ; and
what was the consequence? It drew nearly all the
population from the American side, and settled up
this Colony: and for so doing he is now charged, in conjunction with the II. B. Company, with being instrumental in driving people away. To what folly will not
malice be blind! To what wickedness will not some
prostitute the little bruins God has given thcin who will
attempt to controvert these facts ? Had not the Governor, with his usual judgment, imported large quantities of stores on behalf of the Company, and had not
thai Company most liberally disposed of these goods at
moderate rates the majority of those who came here in
the excitement, would have been reduced to the utmost
straits, and Victoria would now have been a place of
no more importance than Whatcom. Now for another
stubborn fact.
Supplies were running short, a small cargo arrived
in Victoria harbor for thc II. 15. C.—an enterprising
resilient offered tn purchase the whole cargo, but Governor Douglas put his veto on this little arrangment,
und gave direct ions that it should be sold in sinuli
quantities and at the usual rales ; many more such instances of the tyranny ot Governor Douglas could I
enumerate, were it necessary to dilate upon circumstances so well known to every liian in the Colony, nud
only denied by somo few parties to suit their own dishonest purposes.
To the Editor Victoria Gazette.
Sin,—A few days since, a keen discussion arose as to
the merits ofthe decimal system, when the subject was
rather clamorously argued.
Many of your readers will doubtless recollect,, that
for a quarter of a century, this important subject has
been agitated. That a committee selected from the
most, intelligent members of the House of Commons has
patiently investigated its details, and has unanimously
reported in its lavor. But a great man, and a noble
lord, a peer of the realm, and a commissioner, has decided against it so late ns July of lust year. What a
negro blot upon the uge! Lord Overstone, forsooth,
must continue to encumber us with the most absurd
and complex system.
It is beyond doubt thai the change would bo a great
national improvement. More than 400,000,000 of the
human race, or nearly one-half ofthe population ofthe
globe, adopt thc system, ami with very great advantage.
An important benefit would be derived in many departments ofthe public service, and in every branch of industry. It would seem to save labor, to economise
time, ensure quickness and accuracy in every description of commercial calculation, and In arranging, keeping, and checking accounts, lt would shorten the period necessary to acquire a competent business knowledge of arithmetic, 11 would save 30 per cent in the
labor of computations, und at least 50 per cent in their
examination, lt would render calculation and per cent-
ages easy und ni| id. It would render more simple nnd
Intelligible the accounts ofthe public income and expenditure. It would save labor and liability to error
in questions of foreign exchange, lt would bring into
general use the table of logarithms which so greatly facilitate calritlalio . It would, doubtless, ensure the
adoption of decimal measurement, which would add
still more benefit. It would reduce immensely the labor of teachers und scholars in schools. It, would, in
our counting-houses and bunks, save nt least one clerk
in ten. It would save the disadvantage to the public,
resulting from a great number of coins, lt would confer large, and important benefits to bunkers, merchants,
engineers, architects, accountants, and actunries. In
Ivuni;i.ri-x nml benefits nre. iniiuiiieriil'le.   nnd
same relation to each other as tlie figures in simple
arithmetic, there would be ten farthings in the penny,
ten pence in the shilling, nnd ten shillings in the pound;
the coins would be decimal, and then- would then be
uo difference between simple arithmetic nnd money
In -hurt, the desirableness of a general system of
decimal arithmetic, is now a matter recognised by
all, and its appearance as a national practice is
become a subject of anxious expectancy. We have
in proof of the utility of the system, the evidence.
not only of men of science, accustomed to weigh every
mi nut i ii of detail with the severity of mathematical exactitude, but the evidence of men of business and accounts—men of incessant practice in every brunch of
trade, corMnercc, and money ;, merchants having trans-
sactions with every portion of the globe, nnd as familiar
as with the multiplication table, with every slight vari-
ence in value of the manifold monies of the world:
manufactures, paying weekly every variety of money to
every class of workmen, skilled nnd unskilled—shopkeepers selling a vast aggregate in the smallest qantity
of goods of ordinatry consumption that can be snid to
I meet the wants of the poorest, and least taught, and who
| havo certainly a knowledge, both of the utility of the
change, and how it would be received by the masses ol
the people.
That the saving of labor is the saving of capital, is a
self-evident axiom, and by the decimal system of accounts, labor would be immensely reduced; consequently, capital increased in the same rates. This mental labor savin'.' system would not only be the cause of
all the great benefits which 1 have already noted, but
would enhance the wealth of our country to an inappreciable extent, and upon which no doubt can for a moment cloud tlie'iii.-cepti'd iiii'liressioTrBf its extraordinary
powers and efficiency. Like nil great facts, '-its simplicity is its truth." The increasing radii ofthe operations of our commerce, our banking, mercantile, and
other extensive establishments, cry aloud for the immediate practical' adoption of this system, and it will
prove to all as a new life, banishing from the brain an
incubus of mental mechanism, which ere long will be
looked upon as absurd, uncivilised, ignorant, nnd bnr-
baroiis. Why then, is the system not adopted, and
the benefit conferred?
1 am. sir, Yours faithfully,
D. G. F. Macdo.nald.
Feb. 18, 1860.
To the Editor
eloria Gazette.
Sir :—A painful confirmation of our position, in being
without a resident magistrate lias just occurred here.
On Thursday morning last the dead body of an Indian
girl was found in the house of a white man named
Westor.—in fact tlie very constable I alliidejd to in iny
last. Evidence went upon the good health of the de-
censed, up to the evening previous to her death, and of
the administering of spirits to her on that evening
by Weston's Indian woman. How she died, or nt what
time of the night is n mystery ! It wns also on evidence
that Weston had been negotiating for the possession of
the person of Ihe deceased for another and a third person named Phillips, this man forming an important
party in the whole transaction. The poor deceased
chid—for child she was, being only twelve years of age,
having already been the victim of n white man's passions
under the guise of keeping house for him.
The three evidences on tho inquest, in the coolest
manner possible, swore to things directly opposite,
and grosser perjury wns never witnessed in a court of
justice. To our minds and the minds of many other
there was method in their madness, and reason for their
After a most painstaking investigation lasting over
three days, the jury decided that the deceased died
from the effects of liquor, administered to her by an
Indian woman, and also that perjury had been committed by the witnesses—leaving the task of designating
them to others.
Here the case ended, the perjured parties being nt
large, and I suppose will continue to be so. 1 would
add that the jury, through their foreman, expressed
their desire for a resilient magistrate, and requested
some influential man (by name) to take the initiation
in this matter. Any steps in this direction are defl'er-
red until the return of our respected manager from
Victoria, who we hope, will bring with him the news
ofa magisterial appointment for Nanaimo.
Yours kc,
Nanaimo, Feb. 11, 18G0.
Royal Hotel.
Board, per week $*" to $8 00
Board and Lodging, per week $10 00
Wine, Ales, and Liquors of the best description.
Private Rooms for Families.
gt^j-j"- A large. HALL suitable for Balls  or Public
d3-te Proprietor.
For sale,
ire invited for BILLS in sums n.'t  lc
drawn on the LORDS COMMISSION!-;!!
of Her Majesty's Treasury, London.
September 7th, 1859. Treasurer.
/,' /•; It     F I S II     M E R C II A \ps
erchants and shippers liberally dealt
Terms Cash.
To Bar-keepers, Hotels, Restaurants, and Private
ll th(
ECEIVED in bond by lute arrivals, and for sale by
he undersigned, a few invoices of line Wines and
Martell Cognac Boniot Cognac, 1851
Sazerac Cognac, Seignette. Cognac,
Bontclloaii Cognac, Jules Robin Cognac,
Champagne, Curacoa,
Murnskino, Anisette,
Hosteller Bitters, Port Wine,
Sherry Wine, of the best quality
Also,—100 cases of Marrctti's London Cider.
6-3m J. D. CARROLL.
between Yates and View sts., and facing Trounce st'
the Kith of MARCH, 1860, will be sold at
ON the Kith
tlie Lot fronting Government street,
aud known as the Hudson's Bay Company's Garden, if
not previously disposed of. Plan of sub-divisions muj
be seen nt LD, LOWEXBERG'S Ollice,
Government street, bet. Vales and Johnson st.
No.   108   California-street,
[TV, have the largest and most varied
Fresh Field nud Gardi
11« Un
we can warrant it,
***      " at th
A few Lois In be di.-i
price paid nt the Government Sale.
proved, iu v
iriiuis parts
—Improved and  Unlm
if tin- Town.
For sale bv SELIM FRANKLIN k Co.
BARRELS of British Columbia Fresh CORXED
BEEF, first quality (grown on the Company's
I'm in), and preserved with great care.    To be delivered
at Langley.   Apply to
F. V. LEE,
Hotel de France.
assortment of
n Seeds in the state.   \\\
I uf our own importations, from the best growers I
United States and Europe, which
give just satisfaction to our patrons
J    Our stock i-iins'-'.s. in pan of Alfalfa of Chill Clover
Seed, pure;  Kc.i and White Dutch Clover;' Tlnjolhi
Grass, Red Top Grass; Millet; Orchard Grass.
Garden Seeds—Cabbages, Turnips, Carrots, Ih-t-ts
Onions, Lettuces, Radishes. Melons, Cucumbers, Toniil
toes, Squashes, Parsnips, etc.
Seeds put up  in  boxes.   100  papers ^assorted ind
labelled for retailing, sent to order.
Fruit Tree and Flower Seeds.
Fruit and Ornamental Trees.
Dutch bulbous mid Hop Hoots.
Budding and Pruning Knives.
Garden Tools.
A liberal discount made to the trade,
fife})"' All orders forwarded   by Mail or Express ti|
meet with prompt attention.
Address,       J  P. SWEENY k Co. Seedsmen,
d'Jl-iiin        No. 108 Calif'ornia-st., Sun Franclico,
Bill Heads,
Legal Blanks,
Blank Notes,
Way Bills,
Show Bills,
Etc, Etc.,
Executed   in the* "neatest manner, and  with   the
greatest despatch, at thc Office  of the "Nkw Wkkt
minstbb Times."
<*        The « Victoria Gazette "
Published every
Price 12 J cmts.
v. I.
A FEW GENTLEMEN of quiet and domesticated
habits can be accommodated with board and residence in the house of a private English Family; where
a good table is kept, In accordance with English
custom; and "where thoy nny enjoy all the conveniences and comforts of an English homo.
Married couples would lind the above a comfortable
A I)VF'BTISRRS m tho Victoiua Gazette, will have
"i\. Vhft privilege, of advertising in the New Wkst-
MiNBTEn Times, which now has thc largest circulation
of any paper in Hie Colony, upon payment of one bill
extra. It is particularly requested that advertisements
sent in may be distinctly marked with the number o
nscrtions required, also whether for one or both
Advertisements for long periods inserted upon the
most reasonable terms.
Nn advertisements received after < p. iu., the day
yious to publication.
Royal Mail Steam Packet Co. Agency,
"V*r(>Tl<'E is hereby given that arrangements bin
X\     been entered into between the Royal Mail Stcii
Packet Company, and the Pacific Mail Steamship Cog. i
l jinny, for  the   forwarding  of treasure to thc Hanks:
England by the steamships of the two companies,b-
means of through bills of hiding to be granted br th
commanders of the ships of tho Pacific Mail Steamihii
Company, for the delivery *.n William Perry. Esq., Aged
of the Royal Mail Steam Packet Company, to be lent |
across the Isthmus, aud embarked on board the thin
of the R. M. S. P. co.     Ml parties who may wish to |
forward treasure to Eu.jpc can now tlo so iu the num.
ner expressed.
Further particulars, if required, will be made knon |
on application to the undersigned.
The steamships of the ii. it. s. co., depart from As. I
pinwnll twice a month, corresponding with the arrival |
here of the Pacific Mail steamship co.'s steamers.
Freight on specie and  Bullion from Panama tot
Bank of England, (I 2-10) one and two-tenths, per cent. |
Dupuy, Foulkes, & Co.,
do-tc Battery street, cor Pacific,
EMBERS are notified that the society will hoU I
its Regular Meetings every Wednesday evenitij, [
ul half past 7 o'clock, iu the building next to tho Port |
Office, Government street, for the purposes of Rehear^
and general business.
d9-tc Hon, Set
Truett, Jones, & Arrington,
WHOLESALE DEALERS and Importers of Foreip
and Domestic Liquors, Wines, Cordials, syrupi.
and every article in this line.
Dealers who may favor us with orders, may rest ns-
ured that we will endeavor to give satisfaction in tin
article, and dispatch in forwarding. Where thc ipnui-
ities are sufficient of Foreign Liquors, we will slii-ii*
100,000 ISSiSSS**
Regalia Britnnicn
the follow}
La Ville ilc Gigon,
Espartero's Tolcmaco
Washington Irving
La Victoria
El Volcano
I ?!
"   Londrcs
rjrlarto " •'
El Valor tie la Rama " "
El Triumvirate " "
This invoice of fine Cigars is offered for sale by'ti'
undersigned at very low prices, by cases, or small lo'-
The brands are all warranted to be genuine, and Cl-
pressly selected in Havana for this market, by Mcsst*
Rousset, Auger, k Co., woU known importers ofHavui
Cigars, in San Francisco, Calnforuiu.
Johnson street, opposite Wharf st,
Cigars and Cignritos of new brands received percvci;
Mail Steamer. dlb-tc
-Swain Board k Co. Worthingtonf
RUM.—Old Jamaica.
PORT.—A Superior Article in half Casks.
SHERRY.—   " " "
SOAP.—542 Boxes, 25 lbs. each, best English.
For Sale by
Corner Johnson k Wharf Street. j*J3-lm
IjIROM THIS DATE, the charges for Wharfage «
'   mcrchnudi/.c landed on Sclleck's Wharf, at Est)'1
malt, will be as follows :—
$1 50, per ton, for all goods shipped to Victoria, W"
the privilege of landing at Kaindlcr's Wharf with0''
further charge for wharfage.
The goods landed on Sclleck's Wharf, and ren-of-"*
by land, will be charged 75 cents per ton.
The undersigned will continue, as heretofore, to * L
liver at Victoria, upon A. Kaindlcr's Wharf, all sorts" I
goods landed on Sclleck's Whnrf, and for which»' I
special order to thc contrary has been given, at tliof»"H
of S.'t.OO per ton, lighterage and wharfage included.
All goods not removed at 5. p. m., will bo stored, V
the rick and expense of consignees. I
fe-J-lin F. J. de Sr. OURS- K
JUST RECEIVED per steamship Panama, a MM
and well-selected stock of Fresh GARDEN, FIU,1*'i
FLOWER, and FIELD SEEDS. They havo been '»'j
ported from tho most celebrated Gardens of the Atli"1 ■
States and Europe. We guarantee them fresh and f ■
to name.
For sale by
CURTIS k MOORE,      ]
fc2-lm Druggists, Yatcs-Stf^B
Printed for tlio Proprietors, every Satiiiiday, ty*L,H
Aiti) McCm-hb, at the ollice ofthe "New Westniiiu'. ■
Times," Ltingloy-Streot, off Vutes-strcet, Victori'i
the Colonv of Vancouver Island.


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