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The New Westminster Times and Vancouver Island Guardian Nov 15, 1859

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No. 9.J
[Quarterly (in advance), 10s.]
VICTORIA, TUESDAY, NOVEMBER 15, 1859.      _yk
early (in advance), £1 0s.]
[Price Is.
$1)1: (!:iicilisl)  })vcss
We fear that wc cannot accuse tlie Alongols who re-
sistcd our attack on the forts of the Peiho of treachery,
however plain it is that the Court of 1'ekiu has deliberately and perfidiously violated a solemn treaty.
There are discrepancies in all the accounts we have received of the precise transactions which took place
between the arrival of the British flotilla off the mouth
of the river and their attack on the forts, but the witnesses ure unanimous in declaring the Chinese to
have stated that they would resist any attempt to force
the booms and the passage of the river, and that our
officers prepared the fleet tor the bombardment of the
defences und the capture of the forts. So far we knew
what we were about; at least, we were warned that
resistance would be made, but it would appear that we
very much underrated the means, extent, and nature of
the opposition.
The Mongols were victors in a hard fight, in which
our seamen and soldiers, if not our ships, were handled
with rash confidence und nn entire disregard of military
principles. The display of high courage docs not excuse the conduct of the affair, for the courage was
displayed to no purpose, and it only aggravated our
unprecedented losses. The soldier is consoled on the
field if he hears the shouts of victory, but it is hard to
be shot down or smothered in a morass of mud, and
lo know your life has not averted defeat and disaster,
nnd that it has been an unavailing sacrifice. Assuredly
we have no desire to press hardly on an officer whose
personal gallantry and devotion have secured for him
the admiration of the survivors of the fatal 25th of
.Iuue, A sense of public duty, however forces us to
express our conviction that had Admiral Hope been
less confident—had he taken the measures which he
would infallibly have adopted if he had been about to
attack French or Russians, the disaster could not have
occurred, It is absurd to suppose the defence could
have been to any great extent conducted by Europeans.
.There may have been Russians, or French, or Germans,
or Americans, or even Englishmen, behind the walls of
the Taku Forts; but it is simply ridiculous to imagine
they insured our defeat, while the stress laid upon their
alleged presence seems as if our officers were trying to
account for the failure of their enterprise by admitting
they would never have conducted it as they did had
they'been attacking Europeans. In fact, their excuse
is that they could not believe the Chinese would stand
to their guns in the manner they did. They could not
believe, though there was a skilful arrangement of
booms, stakes, spikes, and barriers in the water, that
there was any skill at all on land, thnt guns could be
masked in those new earthworks, that trenches and
holes could be dug out in the mud-banks, that Ihous-
ands of men could be coucealcd behind the curtains of
the forts. And why ? Simply because they could not
see anything of the kind. But they must have known
that the Chinese, however we may despise them in the
field, work their artillery with resolution, and will hold
on to their cover till attacked with the bayonet. Are
these barbarians, whom wc are training to warfare by
frequent encounters, never to improve? Are we not
assured they arc imitative in the highest degree, nnd
that they arc crafty, ingenious and false? With such
knowledge as we had of them and of their character ;
with the suspicious circumstances attendant on the
arrival of the flotilla ; with the evidence of their intention to resist us; with the new forts of the Peiho
before our eyes, wc had no right or reason to rush
headlong on in this disastrous tilt without any reconnaissance to ascertain the strength of the enemy.
Indeed, in the Peiho, we seem to hrve taken it for
granted, in spite of hostile indications of an unmis-
takeublc character, that there was no enemy at all, or
one so imbecile that he would fly at the first round of
shell from our steamships. One could have expected
at least that provision would be made, in case the forts
were found to be armed and occupied, for the immediate binding of the men ut some point below the forts,
whence they could have taken those lines of curtains
und open bastions in th» rear, an operation which no
Chinese troops have ever yet withstood. But, no ; it
seems the fashion now-a-days to " send them at it"—
to throw a handful of men at a position of unknown
strength, aud then, if by their matchless valor all
turns out well, to assume the credit of great generalship, and if the attempt is unsuccessful to cry "Who'd
, have thought it?" This phrase, indeed, comprises the
i whole essence of the defence which is made of the
I conduct of the Peiho assault.
No nation can expect to be always victorious. AVe
I must accept a defeat now and then with a good grace ;
| but it by no means follows that we are to accept every
I disaster as inevitable, and "Who'd have thought it?" as
I an adequate explanation. In this case Admiral Rock
liiinde a gigantic mistake—he despised his enemy, nnd
[when, ailer three hours' lighting, he saw his flotilla
[sunk or disabled, he determined to send them "at it."
[The men of the Naval and Marino Brigades were
■inarched under such circumstances as to render victory
■impossible to carry uiibrcue.hed forts by escalade. But
Ilhcir bidders were, as almost always happens, not forth-
Routing. The same thing happened twice ut the Redan.
AVhenever such is the case the men must submit to be
shot down and driven back, unless they can clamber up
Hie defences.
AVe are. now about to enter upon a new war with
tlhina. The perfidy of the Court of Pokin must be
Sharply, fully, and inexorably punished. But let us fully admit that we have a new enemy to deal with ; that
Iho fanatic Mongols are now arrayed against us ; that
Ihcir leader is brave and skilful, and full of strategic
device,—let us even throw in a handful of Russians,—
find, thus prepared, we shall run no risk of defeat. The
news of ibis sanguinary repulse will not only fly through
Jliina, b-' ii .ii! 'ir. ., ■ „., ,,!»',i■■■■MiwP<f" :"
fudiii, aim pci'.etrntc even the ravines ot Mcpiiul. AVe
mist vindicate the predominance of the AVest over the
Mental races at any hazard, or bo content  to see the
a squall, she was loaded with IH tons of cargo, nnd
started from the Tees on her long and perilous voyage.
On reaching Falmouth, the captain and crew, becoming
fainthearted, put into that port, and declined to proceed further. A message was then sent down to Liverpool, with the object of procuring a captain for the little vessel. Ultimately, Captain Richard Brcckon, a
member of the Liverpool Mercantile Marine Association, and the all-hut successful candidate for the
schoolship Conway, offered to navigate the vessel to
Bah in. After much difficulty a crew was got together,
but so fragile was the appearance of the tiny bark, that
one of the crew absolutely jumped overboard no less
than six times in a vain attempt to escape, the gallant
captain on each occasion capturing the would-be runaway. On the 20th of April last, the Little Lucy again
being ready for sea, Captain Breckon hoisted sail, and
fearlessly "steered down channel, his friends at Falmouth bidding him a sorrowful adieu, with the conviction that he never would reach Bahia. The bold
captain, however, had no such fears, he had been to
every part of the globe, was thoroughly familiar with
every trade, and, having confidence in his little craft,
with a full and flowing sail the Little Lucy bowled
down channel, and the result proved that Captain
llrcckon's judgment was right. Nothing of importance
occurred until the vessel reached the Bay of Biscay,
when she encountered two severe gales, but, miraculously ns it seems, she weathered both nobly, rising like
a cork to every wave. There is no doubt that to the
unparalleled seamanship of Captain Breckon was due
mainly the safety of the vessel and her crew. After
clearing the Bay of Biscay, the Phoebe Dunbar, a large
ship belonging to London, with passengers on board,
descried the Little Lucy, and, astonished to see so small
a craft in such a latitude, the master signalled to Captain Breckon his wish to communicate. Accordingly
the latter ran his tiny vessel under the quarter of the
Phoebe Dunbar, when 100 opera glasses and telescopes
were levelled nt the miniature ship beneath. After
parting from the Phcebe Dunbar the Little Lucy encountered tolerably fine weather, and at length, after
a passage of -111 days from Falmouth, Captain ilrcckoi
entered Bahia, where the appearance of his vesse
created, as might be expected, a great sensation. AA'hen
the length of the voyage is considered, the smallness
of the vessel in which it was made, the short time in
which it was accomplished, and the danger and risk to
be encountered, the voyage of the Little Lucy is an
event perhaps without parallel for courage, skill, and
daring. Captain Breckon is now in Liverpool, and it
is to be hoped that the rare qualities he possesses may
linil a fitting sphere for their development.—Liverpool
The Giikat Eastebn,—The Mechanic's Magazine thus
treats of the Great. Eastern as a war ship : AVithout
in the least detracting from her commercial qualities,
or increasing her cost ; Mr. Scott Russell has so constructed her that no less than 300 10-inch guns might
be placed on board of her and be fought, if the Government should at any time desire to convert her into
a ship of war, either temporarily or otherwise. This is
no small matter. She is already, it should bo understood, proof to ordinary round shells, and her speed
will at least be fifteen knots an hour in all probability.
.Moreover, her bow is both fine and strong enough to
secure her against material injury should she encounter
a foe after the fashion of a " ram." She is likewise
divided into numerous water-tight compartments. AA'e
need to take no pains to express the value of such a
ship, armed as we have said, would be to us, as a
weapon of either offence and defence.
At the Preston County court, last week, one of the
witnesses wns asked if the statement was true that he
was a teetotaller. " No," was the indignant reply,
" it's a foul calumny." AVhat an instance of injured
innocence I
What relation is the door-mat to the scraper? A step-
When were c o and y the only vowels in the alphabet? In the days of No(a), before you (u) and (i) were
thought of.
AVhy is a man in search of the philosopher's stone
like Neptune? Because he's a sea-king what never
What's the difference between young maids and old
maids? The one arc happy and careless, the other arc
cap-py and hair-less.
What an Eve Dear.—Among the recent inventions
of science is n false moveable eye, warranted to open
and shut, squint, stare, wink, cry, and perform all the
other operations of which the human eye is capable.
Unfortunately, the inventor cannot promise that the
false eye shall see, though we are well aware that looking at matters with a false eye is a very common practice. Ingenuity certainly goes a very great way in
these days in supplying, by means of objects of art, the
deficiencies of nature. AVe cannot enter an omnibus
without being told through the medium of a conspicuous placard, that there is "No More Grey Hair;"
though we cannot help taking it into our head thai
there is, for our own locks give the white lie to the
llatteriiig announcement. It's true we have not accepted the invitation to go to some Emporium, and have
our poor old head placed in the dyer's hands: for
though we would do almost anything to render ourselves agreeable in the eyes of the world, we are not
yet prepared to dye for it. Besides, we have seen
specimens on some of our female friends, and we have
a great, objection to a prismatic head of hair, which is
the usual consequence of an attempt to turn grey into
black, or a decided carrot into a delicious chestnut. AVe
should like to see the experiment tried of how far the
false might be made to supersede the true, in that decided mutter of form, the human body. Legs and arms
may be, and are, replaced by artificial means ; teeth,
hair, and eyes arc to be bought singly or by the set;
and who knows how many people wc should find with
false tongues, false hearts, and wooden heads, if we
had but an opportunity of detecting them ? AVe must
confess that in the notion of false eyes we seo something very hard to real—ise.—Punch.
Fad relapse into a state of barbarism seven times wor.-e
ihiin the first, nnd to abandon our trade, our commerce-
i>ur connexions, and our colonics, in half the habitable
pobe. The men on whom that task shall devolve
Jiiust possess no ordinary qualities. It is more easy to
found than to restore supremacy, but in the execution of
Ihe duty which devolves upon England and France it is
In unspeakable gratification to find that we may rely,
It all events, on the sympathies of the great Anglo Snx-
j>n Republic. Whatever may be the result of the fight.
England will never forget the day when the deeds and
Vords of kindly Americans sustained and comforted
|or stricken warriors on the waters oftho Peiho.—Lon-
" So far, so good," ns the little boy said when he
hnd finished the first pot of his mother's jam.
Some few months ago instructions were received in
England by Mr. John Watson, of London, who is contactor of the undertaking, to despatch to Bahia a
liuull screw boat to ply in connection with the Bahia
fail way. Accordingly, a pretty little waft was built
steel plates, and it was utterly impossible to steam
Inch a distance, even hnd she been freighted with coal,
I was resolved to send the. Little Lucy to Buhia under
Ml alone. Although only 20 tons register, to obviate
uo great buoyancy, which would have proved  fatal in
"Well, Robert, how much did your pig weigh?"—
'•he didn't weigh so much ns I expected, and I always
thought it wouldn't."
"""An c&1iiu<ry±domestitr- clock hnYlng^iafestaaateip.
run down, it was <d:-orved that it, had come to an untimely end I—Punch.
" I wonder (says a Scottish maiden) what my brother
John sees In the lasses, that he likes them sae well;
for my part I wad ua gie the company o' ne lad for
twenty lasses."
Tho man who climbed a freshly-peeled forty-feet high
poplar-pole, and then drew the pole up after him, has
been engaged to ride a switch-tailed horse-ohostnut-
tree, without stirrups.
" Do you cast things hero ?" inquired a wag, as he
sauntered into an iron foundry, aud addressed the foreman.—"CertainlyI it is our business."—"Ah, well I
cast a shadow, will you ?"   He was cast out.
The Birmingham Mercury says that the following extraordinary notice is posted up in a conspicuous place
in a baker's shop at Wcdnesbury;—" Deepcls vitals
Bact cur n bpyclits niollins Aiiscttcrer has Voushall I"
A Dagucrreotype-takcr recently exhibited a likeness
of a lady which he had taken, to her husband, and
asked him if it was not, a very good one. " Very," was
the reply, " and I only wish my wife wns like it—
silent." "
A lazy, over-fed lad, returning from dinner, to his
work one day, was asked by his master, " if he had no
other motion than thnt." " Yes," replied the youth,
drawling out each letter, " but it's slower."
"Gaiiibai.di's Englishman."—Our readers will have a
lively recollection of the paragraphs which went the
round of the papers during the war in Northern Italy
respecting an Englishman attached to General Garibaldi's
corpse d'armee. Terrible stories were told of his coolness and unfailing accuracy of aim. lie surpassed, it
was truly said, even the sharpshooters of '-Hunters of
the -Alps." But it was untruly stated that he shot down
human beings for sport merely, as he would game, aud
was .indifferent to the cause of Italian independence.
AVe have the honor of Captain Peard's acquaintance,
and, from our knowledge of his sentiments, we are convinced that lie is a fearless and devoted friend of the
glorious cause to which he has dedicated his life. He
requests us to give insertion to the following letter :—
"Quartiero Generale del Generale Garibaldi, Modena,
Sept. 5.
"My Dear Sir:—An extract from the Daily News has
been sent to me from England, containing such gross
falsehoods regarding me that I shall feel obliged (for
doubtless they have been copied into the local papers)
if you will insert this my denial of the statements
there made. I had the honor of being acquainted with
the accredited correspondent of that journal in Brescia;
he knows as far as he is concerned that they are false,
and, more than this, I declare the writer knew them to
be so at the time he penned the lines, lit. 'AVhenever
he hnd kill an Austrian he was seen to mark him down
in his pocket-book.' 2d.—'He was kind enough to show
me his book.' No. 2 is a gross and wilful falsehood. I
never marked down any Austrian either 'dead' or 'uncertain,' and never showed any one 'my book,' lor one
simple reason, that I have none to show. 3d.—'He
assured me that ho professed the utmost indifference
to the cause of Italian independence.' This is false as
the rest. I have never expressed any feeling but one
of devotion to the cause of suffering Italy. Had such
been the case 1 should scarcely have come 700 or 800
miles to join General Garibaldi's corps, have followed
him on foot from the banks of the Po to the shores of the
Lugo di Garda, and afrerwards to the Stelvio, and exposed my life in every one of his engagements, not only
to the Austrian bullets, but, also to an Austrian halter
—for the Ost Deutsche Post announced that I shall be
hanged if made prisoner 4th. 'He is like one of those
Italian Condotieri of the middle age, who made war for
pleasure, without enquiring whether the cause he served
was the wrong or the right one.' Not only is the oppression and tyranny of the Austrian rule such that in
England it can neither be conceived nor credited, but
the gross brutalities exercised towards the persons of
the Italians of both sexes are such asto be execrated by-
all civilised nations. From the days of Attila, the Hun
has marked fair Italy for his pray, but Attila and his
barbarous hordes could not have committed more frightful outrages than those of their descendents. It has
been my pride to carry my rifle in the ranks of the Italian
army, and still greater to have served under and won
the friendship of sueh a man as Guiseppe Garibaldi.
'Dieu et mon Droit' is Italy's motto. May God defend
the right. I have followed my general through the
plains and mountains of Upper Italy, and will continue
to follow him ns long as he draws his sword for this
noble hearted people. Like all the rest of his devoted
followers, it is to me indifferent whether his camp is on
the mountain or the plain, ou the banks of the Ticiuo or
the Po, the Arno or the Tiber. Ho has-snly to sny
' Avnnti,' and the cry that has so often carried panic into the enemy's ranks, 'A'iva Garibaldi,' will rise from
our hearts through the hills and valleys of Italy.   I am,
AYaddington-street, near Yates-street.
(THUS HOUSE has been newly fitted up and entirely
J-   renovated, and is. conducted on ttie European I'lnn.
The TABLE will be supplied with the best the market
Board and Lodging  $7 00
Single Meals     0 50
The travelling public are requested to call.
olO-lm Joun Nicholas & Co.
X A A A Havanna Cigars, (choice brands.)
O U UU 20,000 Manilla Cigars.
10,000 do        Cheroots.
October 25th, 189. Ira
1"1HE UNDERSIGNED invites the attention of the
travelling public, and strangers in particular,
to the merit of this house. It was established
under the present management, on the first day
of January, '50, as a FIRST-CLASS HOTEL, in every
The Lessee -nd Manager, with a delicacy not wishing
to encroach upon the merits of other houses, cannot
but recall the marked fuvor with which his enterprise
has been received by a discriminating public, in a constantly increasing patronage of the first respectability,
showing conclusively the superior mode in which this
hotel is conducted.
It is contiguous to all of the most popular places of
amusement, the principal thoroughfares, the fashionable promenades and steamboat landings ; thus rendering
it at all times, the most Desirahle Stopping Place for
Families and Single Gentleman, during their sUiy in
San Francisco.  -_  -
Single rooms, with full board, S2.50 per day.
The " International Hotel Coach" is in attendance at
all hours, to convey Passengers to and from the Hotel,
for §1.00 each including baggage. ol8-tc
Yates street, opposite the Express Offices,
HOLE-SALE   and   RETAIL   Dealers   in  Boots,
Shoes, Leather, and Findings, of every description.   Also—Ladies' Shoes, of all kinds.
J6@"Boots and Shoes made to order, and Repairing
done at the shortest notice. n8-3m
PIERRE PRATT, Deceased.   Information wanted as
to the next of kin to Pierre Pratt, a supposed native
of Aubenas,  Department  Ardechc,  France,  who wns
IE   undersigned  offer  for   sale Kartell's  Brandy,
Dark and Pale in half pipes, Booth's genuine Old
Tom in puncheons,
Swaine, Boord, & Co's Old Tom, in puncheons.
McKen/.ie k Co's do do       do
Stewart's Scotch AVIiiskey do       do
Holland Gin, "S(. Nicholas brand," iu pipes.
Irish AA'hiskcy, in barrels.
AIlsop'3 Burton Ale, also in bulk.
London Ale and Porter, in glass 4 and 7 dozen
H. Brett k Co's Ginger Brandy, in cases.
Worthington's and Swaine, Boord k Co's Old Tom
in cases.
Wolfe's and A*olncr's Schnapps, in cases.
Claret AVine, in cases.
Orange and every description of Bitters.
104 hhds. of the finest Burton and Scotch Ales.
A'ounger k Son's celebrated Jug Ale.
Cider, in bids, half bbls, cases, &c, Ac.
And a variety of goods suitable to the trade.
Johnson st., near Government,
o4-lm and at New AVestminstor.
DICKSON, CAMPBELL k Co., corner Wharf and
Johnson streets—
Sheet Lead;
Pipe Lead;
Galvanized Iron for Roofing;
Galvanized Buckets;
Hardware, an assorted invoice;
Tinware, do
Cement and Lime;
Gunpowder, best Rifle;
Blasting Powder:
•   Vancouver Island Colony,
August 18th, 1859.
ON and after Thursday, the 1st September next
30,000 acres of AGRICULTURAL and MINERAL
LANDS, recently surveyed at Nanaimo, will be sold at
the Land Office, A'ictoria, on the usual terms. If any
case shall then occur of two or more persons wanting
to purchase the same Land, such Land will at once be
put up to competition nnd sold to the highest bidder.
Colonial Surveyor.
Post Office, Victoria,'V. I.,
October 22, 1059.
THOSE MERCHANTS or residents who would dc**
sire the advantage of private boxes nt the Poa'
Utlice, available at nil reasonable hours to the owner8'
and who would be willing to pay Ten Shillings per
Quarter, finding their own locks in the first instance!
are requested to subscribe their names at the Post
Office or communicate their wish to me in writing, as
accidentally drowned whilst attempting to  cross the  1 am desirous, in devising a new Post Office, to make
river in a small canoe, about three-quarters of a mile provision for, if possible, affording the public a facility
above Cayoosh      " '    '    '   ' ' ' .............
the river.
Communications  to be  addressed
Serctnry, Victoria, Vancouver Island.
Deceased   had   been   working   on
to the Colonial
FOR several weeks past Divine Service has been celebrated every Sunday afternoon at a room in
Esquimalt, which has been lent for the purpose. This
however, is only a temporary arrangement. It is now
proposed to erect a room for the celebration of service
on Sundays and other occasions ; which room may also
be used during the week ns a Class Room for Children.
There are several children in and about Esquimalt, who
are unable, during the winter months, to reach either
Victoria or Craigilower. Arrangements will be made
for their instruction during the week.
The regular celebration of Divine Service, and the
weekly instruction of the young, are much desired by the
my dear Sir, yours faithfully, John AV. Pkabd, l'Inglese j inhabitants of the district, and must tend to benefit
Esquimalt and its neighborhood, temporally and spiri
tually.    A piece of land has been given for the build
con Garibaldi."—Plymouth and Devonport Journal,
The Young AVidow, or only Thirty-Three.—The
census-taker, going his round, called at an elegant
brick dwelling-house, the exact locality of which is
no business of ours. He was received by a stiff, well-
dressed lady, who could well be recognised as a widow
of some year's standing. On learning the mission of
her visitor, the lady invited him to take a seat in the
hall. Having arranged himself into a working position,
he inquired for the number of persons in the family of
the lady.—"Eight sir," replied the lady; "including myself,"—"Very well—your age, madam?"—"My age, sir,"
replied the lady with a piercing, dignified look, "I conceive it's none of your business what my age may be;
you are inquisitive, sir."—"The law compels mc, madam,
to take the age of every person in the ward ; it's my
duty to make the inquiry."—"AVell, if the law compels
you to ask, I presume it compels me to answer. I am
between thirty nnd forty."—"I presume that means
thirty-five?"—"No, sir, it means no such thing; I am
only thirty-three yenrs of age."—"Very well, madam,"
putting down the figures, "just as you say. Now for
the age of the children, commencing with the youngest,
if you please."—"Josephine, my youngest, is ten years
of age. "—" Josephine—pretty name—ten. "—Minerva
was twelve last week."~"JIinerva-captivating—twelve."
—"Cleopatra Elvira has just turned fifteen, and Angelina is eighteen, just eighteen."—"Angelina—favorite
name—eighteen."—"My eldest, and only married daughter, SIT, Anne Sophia, is a little over twenty-five,"—
"Twenty-five, did you say, madam?"—"Yes, sir; is there
anything remarkable in her being of that age?"—"AVell,
no, I can't say there is; but is it not remarkable that
you should Ac her mother when you were only eight years
of age?" About that time the census-taker was observed running out of the house, closely pursued by a broomstick. It was the last time he pressed a lady to give
her exact age.— Commercial Journal.
ing of the school room, and another piece for the subsequent erection of a Church, subscriptions are still
needed for the completion of tho school room, and all
are invited to contribute who desire to forward a good
Chaplain to the Bishop of
Columbia and Vancouver.
The following subscriptions have been promised:
His Excellency Governor       Judge Cameron $25
Douglas, C. B $20
Rear Adm'l Baynes, C.B. 15
Messrs. Howard & Davis25
Mr. Hawkins 25
Mr. Skinner 25
Capt. Richards, R.N 25
Capt. Gossctt, R.E 20
Mrs. Gossctt  5
Capt. Fulford, R.N 10
Mr. Crease 10
Dr. Helmckcn 10
Mr. Finlnyson lo
Mr. Green 10
Mr. J, Burnaby 25
Capt. Hornby, R.N  5
Mr. Good  5
Mr. Ford   5
Rev. E. Cridgo  7
Rev. R. Dundas  5
Capt. Gillingha.n 20
much approved of in New York and other American
Acting P. M. General.
TENDERS  are invited for BILLS in sums not less
than £250, drawn on the LORDS COMMISSIONERS
of Her Majesty's Treasury, London.
September 7th, 1859. Treasurer.
WCAPEL MORISON bogs to acquaint tho public
. of British Columbia and Voncomrer's Island,
that he has established the above office, for Jbo purpose
of facilitating the introduction of capital to 'ibor, and
as a means of assisting persons desirous ot finding
Employment on arriving in this colony.
The extreme utility of sueh a medium as a registry
office in newly settled countries, has been abundantly
proved by the success that has attended their formation in Canada, Australia, and other British colonies,
and the necessity of such an establishment here, has
become a matter of vital importance.
For all further particulars, apply at the office of the
" New AA'estminster Times."
October 25th, 1859. oc2Mc
10,000 lbs. WHITE   LEAD.
Yates Street,
Have   for   sale
LARGE Assortment of WINDOW GLASS, and
Artist's Tools and Colors.   Oil, Turpentine, varnish Putty, Graining Tools, kc, kc
Also  a large   assortment of WALL PAPER, Borders and Mixed Paints. sl0-3m
DICKSON,  CAMPBELL k Co., corner  AVharf an
Jobuson streets—
Blankets, scarlet and blue;
Clothing, an aKsortment;
Boots and Shoes ;
Cordage and Twine.
Mr. Schmidt =- -,--.'.IX -OoUect&d at Esquimalt
Mr. Jackson    5       after Service 20
Mr. AV. Smith..............10   E. Hammond King, ...    5
FOR SALE, Wholesale and Retail, at lowest rates, by
For Sale, at lowest rates, by
Langley Bros.
For Sale, at lowest rates, by
Langley Bros.
For Sale, ot lowest rates, by
Langley Bros.
THE ABOVE RESTAURANT on Government street,
between Yates and Johnson streets, having been
thoroughly refitted, is now prepared to supply the wants
of all its old customers and such new ones as may bo
dicposod to givo it a. trial.
The table is always supplied with every delicacy in
season, together with all the substantial requisites fur
good living.
Excellent Cigars always on hand. n8-lm
Importer and Dealer in Messrs. Davis' and Jones'
L. Atkinson's Improved Shoulder Scam Patorn
SHIRTS, ot Philadelphia.
JUST received tho latest styles of BALTIC SHIRTS
direct from London.     Also,   a   fine   lot of puro
Baltic Stockings and Hose, gent's Shaker Flannel, Undershirts and Drawers.
A magnificent assortment of gent's silk Scarfs,
A full assortment of gent's superfine  Manchester
Opposite the Bank of B. N. A.,
VICTORIA,   V.    I.
He is •'Civ prep.-, red to offi^the largest -assortment
ever exhibited in Victoria, comprising all the
latest styles of the celebrated Davis and
Jones superfine patent white and ool-
orcd   SHIRTS.
And is receiving by every steamer those   beautiful
BYRON SHIRTS of all sizes, running from 13 to 20
inches around the neck.
Ladies should call soon and examine those superior
Ordi rs sent through Express—by sonding the sizo o
the lwok for Shirts, wc will guarantee to fit.
I shall receive Fresh Goods by every arrival froia
Ladies and Gentlemen's Kid Gloves.
Business hours from 6 A. M. to 10 P. M.
October 4, 1859. to
TOWN LOTS, in various quarters, and farming lands
for sale. Money to loan ou real estate, in town.
Debts collected, Accounts and Average Statements
adjusted. sM-t«
ssmm Sl'ijjjjing   intelligence.
Nov. 8—Str Eliza Anderson, Wright, Port Townsend.
Schr Flying Mist, Berry, Port Townsend.
Sloop J. 0. Caswell, Taylor. Purl Townsend,
Nov. 9—Str Wilson G. Hunt, Welch, Port Townsend.
Nov. 2—St Otter, .Mount. Bellevue.
Str Brother Jonathan, Staples, Sun Francisco.
Schr Royal Charlie, Elder, Salt Spring Island.
Schr Morning Star, McKay, North and East Coast.
Nov. 10—Str Eliza Anderson, Wright, New  Westminster.
Schr Wild Duck, Wolf, Port Townsend.
Schr II 0 Page. Oburg, l'm'i Townsend,
Schr Kossuth. Foster. Port Townsend.
Nov. 11—St.- Northerner, Dull, Sun Francisco.
Schr Harriot, Collin, Port Townsend.
Schr Reporter, Ele-er, Port Townsend.
Nov. 12—Schr Colonist, Tliain, Nisqunlly.
Nov. 8—St Eliza Anderson, Wright,New AA'estminster
Schr Speck, Jenkins, Port Townsend.
Sloop Elizabeth, Thompson, Bellevue.
Sfoop J. C. Caswell, Taylor, Port Townsend.
jjov, o— Str Wilson (!. Hunt, AVelcb, Port Townsend
Schr Lalla Rookh, Rogers, Port Townsend.
Schr Harriot. Collin, Port Townsend.
Nor. 10—St Brother Jonathan, Staples, San Francisco
Ce. A'ictoria, O'Neil, Bellevue.
Nov. 11—St Northerner, Dull, San Francisco.
Str Eliza Anderson, Wright, New Westminster.
Ship Carnatic, Mannock, London.
Schr. II. C. Page, Oburg, Port Townsend.
Schr Kossuth, Foster, Port Townsend.
Schr Plying Alist, Bcry, Port Townsend.
Nov. 12—Schr Harriot, Collin, Purl Townsend.
can pi.
On London 49d. per American Dollar.
" San Francisco, 1 per cent, premium.
"    " (per Wells, Fargo k Co.) 1 and 1 j
" New York  none offering.
"   "       "   (per AYells,Fargo & Co.).*>|per ct.prm.
Gold Dust is bought here for cash nt$15 50©$10 00.
In trade it rates generally ut Sid.
ON AND AFTER Saturday next, the 10th inst., the
New AVest.misstkh Times, will bo published on
Saturday, instead of on Tuesday as heretofore.
NUMEROUS copies of lhc " New Westminster Times"
of the 4th October. Any person having ihe
same will confer a favor by bringing them to the ollice,
which will require immediate attention, and
one the importance of which cannot be overestimated.
Finally, it will be the duty of the House to
take upon themselves tho entire supervision of
the revenue of tlie Colony, which of right
belongs to them, for without such prerogative, a representative government is worse
than useless—and as this is one of their
undoubted rights, so it is ono of their
gravest responsibilities In a new* Colony
the equal raising and careful distribution
of tho revenue, affects its present and
future prosperity more than anything else-
Without money nothing can be done, bul
witli money improperly applied, worse than
nothing—considerable mischief will arise.
\Vo believe that with wise and just legislation
much may be even now done for this Colony.
Therefore we should he sure to select only
such men as express the views of the pcoplo
So responsible a post as a seat in the House
of Assembly is not a thing for a man to solicit,
or tho people to give lightly. The man who
undertakes to legislate for a rising colony
must put aside all time-worn prejudices and|wouW bring al,l,ul
one-sided ideas,
experience, clear common sense
is no denying the fact that every man in the
colony longs for tlie hour when the proper
men shall fili their proper places as tho Governor's open responsible advisers acknowledged before all men, and be enabled to bring
their practical business minds lo his assist-
ancc in the administration of this Colony's
affairs, in a more practical manner than they
Island, neither does the Rosqrio Strait elfeei that separation, consequently, neither of the.-e channels can
justly be classed as "tlie channel," of the treaty, and
therefore tho boundary line cannot pass through them,
for it is to be i arried "southerly through the middle of
the said ciiannki..'' that is the channel separating lhc
"continentfrom Vancouver Island."
The principal argument thai we have heard advanced
in support of the American claim, is the fact  of Air.
Benton having staled to the Semite that tl
through the Canal de Hiiro.    I
in: i d the claim that the Canal de Hiiro is " the channel''  the directions
Air. Ling—If the trial go on, then the accused a
fori iblj deprived of the option given them by la* !!j
be tried in a superior court. The special pleadine*!
the Attorney General will not do. lie suyg the 1
which I have quoted does not apply, let him look tot?'!
33rd section, and he will find that it expressly refill
to the act under which lie is proceeding. Acts |J!!|
miu in pari materia should be construed toirctli
Air. King further contended that the former a-l
ite that the line passed should be interpreted by the light of the subsequent! ''I
'pun  tiii- assertion  is | That the Attorney General was bound strictly to punn I
these nets, aud any deviation iv.J
. of the ireniv.   It is a somewhat novel theory in the in-, illegal, for ii was a governing canon of intcrpretatii!!l
ly do as heads of Departments not I tcrin-etation of treaties that the mere assertion ofany|that all penal acts should be   strictly construed   |
issue.] I
holdinjr seats in the Governors council.    The statesmnn, probably made for party purposes, is to out-j against the  Crown—that a  warrant  1
Igh the treaty itself.    AVo presume Unit if Mr^Uenton's | behind the back of the defendants, they should beta
proposition ot a Loan to enable us to proceed ' geographv had been somewhnf morent fanlt,'und he hud trnyed out of the ri: his conferred upon them bv a
in  the construction of those   indi^cn8abloj^Pta!ncd^
1 stones Btrnits, our cousins would then in like manner proceeded with the ense.  I hut us a <"apta»could onlvl.
arteries of our vitality,—Roads in British   Col- and with equal justice, have claimed  that ihe treaty | issued on information uj  oath that the accused »_.
,.       \ ,   , ,     ,,     ,.       i.i      gave them tho whole of Vancouver Island. ul  tu  abscond:  that such  was the oulv fonnitnii.
umbia—has attracted much attention; but do-     Mr ,.,,„„,„-, Bvidonco ia.,, valuable to tl    English for n w.irri.nt-and as no such foundation was laid J
siroiis   as aro tho people for an improvement8''10 of tho question, as  it is to the American.    Ucj warrant must fall.
clearly shews that the United State-hud no previous     The Ilench—AVe must support our warrant.
in our condition, they Will not be   contented title to any of theso waters on this territory, for lie     Air. Ring—-Oh, nol Justice never looks more not'
that  a measure embracing the creation of a ™).hatica#ily   stotw, "Neither  th,   Spanish  discoveries thanirlicn she confesses to have been misled.
'nor our own discovery  and  settlement  oj the   Columbia]    After a  long nrgument,  Mr.  Pemberton at lenm>
lobt shall bo adopted, upou tho dictum Of any   would have given us these waters; their  British
:• ii Idi d, and  Mr. Brew snid that ho should like to hLj
indicate their discovertts, and the line of forty-nine gives the a   istunco of Mr. Justice  Bcgby, whereupon \ul
them toys.'' en own   adjourned to tho following day.
There is another point in Mr. Benton's speech which      On  Friday, at   1! o'clock, lhc Attorney General
. is also worthy of attention, when considered in con- tcrcd Ihe court und said that lie now felt that publul
of (he treaty,   that  the j justice would bo better consulted by tho cases going t(|
one porson. So serious a step should only
he taken by tho Governor, with l lie advice am'
consent of an executive council composed oi  „,.,.,ion w„
Ihe Head of each   Department and some of i" whole of the navigation of the cland straits a superior court, und he would do" nil in his powert'j
....... south of tho 40lh parallel shall be free  and open lo -end them there.     For  this   purpose   there wis  .'•>
tho most influential inhabitants.    iSothingleSS  both parties."   Mr. Denton, remarks:   - adjournment for one week, under the 2G4tli section b|
will satisfy the  people, and  we cannot   but ,   |'Thc proviso to the article strikes some Senators as afford  the defendants nu opportunity of giving .J
J L     x beiijg unequal to the prejudice of the United States; but justices due notice of then'wish to be tried by a sunt.B
point out the  inconceivable change  that it it is not so, tho proviso is perfectly fair and equal, and dor court of law.
' so will appear from the slightest   examination of nny'
in   the   feelings  ol   tho map which shows the Straits of Fuca and the waters      From this it will be si-en that public Justice whidl
U'l,.,i   ,.,.   i  ,'s  colonial I P°Pulfttionof British Columbia towards Go- connected with that strait.   Any map will show that on Thursday imporati ely demanded a trial to be forced
MiKtiwi   wi un is  eoiuiiiiu u   i ^ ... I the Straits open from the sea and penctriitc|tbc continent on before the magistral!  , saw on the next day that her I
and untiring vcrnor     Douglas's    administration.       Our about due east for one hundred miles, and then branches cause would be better consulted by going to ii superi.!
On Saturday, Nov. 5tlirBdi»»»d R,
of B. Evans, 1). D., aged 2d years.
At Buokingham Cottage, A'ietoria, on the 6lh inst.,
G years and !) months, Bridget Louisa, daughter of John
Morris, Esq., Civil Engineer.
%\t |lclu Sfficsfounsfcr (Linus.
Thk franchise bill has become law, and before long the people of this Colony will be
called [upon to exercise those grave and responsible duties which devolve upon them as
electors. AVe trust they will regard those
duties in their proper light, as upon the votes
they will cast in the coming elections, will
depend, not only the present welfare, but the
future greatness and stability of the country;
thorcforo it becomes to each man a matter of
tho most serious importance, to whom he
gives his vote. AVo hope to sec in this now
Assembly men of enlarged and liberal views,
not thoso governed by the wishes or interests
of any particular cliipie or party; but men of
• experience, of education, and common sense,
who will devote their whole timo and energies to the advancement of the prosperity of
this our home.
The new House will doubtless have to originate many measures of vital importance to
our future well-being, and it behoves us to be
true to ourselves and only return men whose
antecedents qualify them for tho responsible
position of legislators for our infant country.
The first and most important duty that will
devolve upon   the new Houso, will  bo the
thorough revision of tlie financial affairs of
the Colony, and it will require much legisla
tive ability and serious deliberation to put
them on a  satisfactory footing.    Tho  land
question must also immediately come under
discussion, and we trust that it will be found
that tho members will bo men who see the
necessity of giving every encouragement to
immigration, and that they will bear in mind
that it is far better to give tho land away to
industrious agriculturalists, than to see it unoccupied, and theso hardy sons of toil loading
for the adjacent  territory.    A liberal  land
system will be the means of populating this
country, and want of population is the main
drawback from which wc are now suffering.
Without an agricultural community, no country can prosper;  at least so experience of
other recently established colonics   teaches
ns.  Tlie agricultural lands of Australia and California, have done infinitely more to advance
them than the gold, although it was doubtless
the gold which first attracted people.   AVe
arc similarly situated, and wc only require
the land to be thrown open to become equal
if not superior to either.    As wc have recently expressed in our columns, farms and farmers aro useless if their produce is hermetically
scaled in their barns for want of means of
conveyance to   market,  therefore  the con.
struction of roads will be  another question
endeavours to improve our condition. On
the other hand, the electors must not be dazzled by false glitter and pretensions, but—
reflecting that this may be the turning point
of (he Colony's history—let them select the
rio-ht men for the right places, men who have
an interest in its advancement—who have
come here as permanent settlers, and if the
electors of Vancouver Island return such
men, they will prove themselves worthy of
the privilege they exercise as free born En-
Kvaiis., only.soil-.glisiriuen?..uii.d. not. only benefit tlicmsolvcs
now, but their children hereafter.
Edttoks, as other men, are liable to the
frailties of nature. An occasional repartee or
a warm passage of tho pen may pass between
them ; but as a class, it can hardly be denied
that tlie conductors of the Tress of Britain
and her Colonies, if not theperfect beings none
should expect them to be, have at least sustained a high character for honesty of purpose and impartiality of opinion. So to
acquit ourselves that wc may not reflect discredit upon the ranks in which we havo
enlisted, will ever bo our aim, and therefore,
when occasion requires it, wc will cordially
unite our efforts with those of the other
journals published here, when the object sought for, is the realization of a
great public good—and by tho following observations, tlie public will doubtless see that
south and north.    The branch, or rather branches, (for court with itl
inir all narrow nnd inland, become our private  waters, |
und ere subject to our municipal jurisdiction.    So el
the waters oftho Strait which go north.    At first   they
open out largely behind Vancouver's   Island and  make!
the Gulf of Georgia; there they  contract into  nnrrowl
ind intricate chanuels,  insomuch that the  island  and
letter-box teems with anneals (from which we ,,
1 L they are in many channels,) w! i-h go I mill also extend
give a few extracts in another portion of our about onehundrcd miles, making Puget's Sound, Hood's
, . , . ... ...    Canal, Admiralty Inlet, and so on; and these wc'"
columns) to organize another petition to IIis
Excellency, to accord to British Columbia
thai   competent  body  of advisers,  without
further procrastination, and  urging tho people of A'ancouyer Island to join in the move- continent were fur a long time supposed tu be united.
„ .,, , ',    ,    . These narrow waters, like those of Puget's Sound, &c,
ment,    tor   with   cool,    calculating    sense,; ft,.e private property, subject to the municipal juris-
our  correspondents  show   flint a   benefit to •'"'"''"" oftlle  British, to whom  they belong.   I hold
the proviso lo be conformable to the law ofnutionsand
the sister colony is a boon to the  Islanders, fair ami equal in itself, and fully approve of it.''
,      •,, . ,. ,, „-, „   , If Great Britain admitted the   Canal de llaro lo be
and neither miners of the one, or merchants !.,,. (,lmmiel of (he ._c;.|v
of  the oilier,
wait   for   an
have a right, ami wlncii  tliev	
°    ' •• navigation ol the Straits ol Fuca to   within 3 miles ol
belter their prospects, and which His Excel- ; ihe shores of the continent, and yet we are to be con-
Pned to only one out of the many channels lending
Straits in our waters lo the Northward,   We
ly dwell upon the absurdity of such a pre-
t BuoTitEn Jonathan :
Well-. Fargo, k Co	
. $51,456
Mncdonald ,v_ Co	
.    11,500
r N'ui: niEitNEli:
W ells, Fargo, .v. Co	
..    5,450
Miicdonnld & Co	
Other shippers	
..    3,500
...  '2:1,(1(10
are   disposed  any   longer   to  equal right in navigate nny of the channels to the Enst-
-.-—.- .- —   - ■--?+  -- ward of it,-and has onlv a joint right to the navigation
institution    to    Which    they Lf that one channel.   AVe have a vast territory to the
ml  which   thev  consider will Northward of 49.    AVe have an equalright  to
This shipment proves that there is tome gold in Prii-
ish Columbia, notwithstanding the continued cronkini
uf some parties.
On- Thursday last, Air
Eliza Anderson, whose c
issue, underwent a f'urtl
lency can authorize if ho please. AVe
allude to, and only repeat what we hear in
every circle—an Executive Council—and wo
will afford our most cordial aid in achieving
so desirable an end • as in so doing wc but
obey the unanimous desire of tho people,—
the taxpayers of the colony, whoso voice we
but echo, as journalists representing public
from thos
need scar
sumption. The very fact of the words "whoh of tin
said channel," having been introduced into the treaty
appears to us conclusively to prove that "the channel"
can only be the space of water situated  between the  the captain and  passengers of the  Caledonia wero oi
points  named,   -the continent cm  one side, and  boarJ ,,,- ll(.,.   respecting whoso fate so much anxietj
had been evinced bulb by the Press and people of this
ins Boyce, puiser of tl
so we referred to in our In
r examination upon the sum
eh irge, nnd wns committed for trial nt the uext session!
Bail being accepted—himself in Ilou, ami two suretieij
in .'.'no each until day of trial.
The Cai/edonia.—The II. II. ('. sloamer Olter, Ctpll
Mowutt, was warmly greeted  on her return from Belle-
rhursday last, ii having become known thai.
Vancouver Island on the other.
Wc believe thot at the time the treaty was mad",
there were only two maps in existenco upon which the
Hue of boundary could be traced, due was A'ancouvcr's
old chart, and being the only one published in England
wns, we imagine, the map referred to by our Government.    The other is Willie's map of the North Pocific,
 O  | an,-' tiiig being an .American publication was, we doubt
Lieutenant-General Scott, the Commander-in-Chief! not, used by tho American Government.   On Vancouver's map.   the Canal de   Hnro  appears  to  run into
of the army  of the  United  States,  sailed  from  this
Vancouver Island, but the channel through which Vnn-
noighborhood in the Mail Steamer Northerner, on the couver passed is prominently marked with the track of I drifted about tho Gulf of Get.
Ilth inst., on his return to Washington, having placed h'B shil>'   On "Willie's map on the contrary, the Canal  „n t h ni-.-.ln v at  0  o'clock, shewas blown"Vn'somi
„ do   Ham is   very   conspicuously   exhibited,   while   the   mcl,fl  „lHiiif  fin-lit   mili>i  from   ("Was  Tslnnri      \l„-ri
natters upon such a footing at .San Juan as to ensure   Vancouver Strnil h qearcolv to bo noticed and we must    t i u     ,      a . •    ,
' ° Vancouver otrait is^scarcet) io nc noiiceu,nnu «i musi |-a|M._Vl Green, West, and Hun-ell, having repaired tin
town, We learn that on Wednesday 2nd inst, the day I
sho left this port, when close to the entrance of tlie 1
Fraser River, the larboard boiler exploded, killing Sir. f
Charles Greer, firoman, who was in the lire room ail
the time; und live others of her crew, including Mr.f
Allen, engineer, wen- mure or less injured. ReportI
says tho boiler plate wns a defective one, and consequently no blamo is attributable to tho engineer. The I
hull of the vessel was uninjured, but she was com-[
pletely disabled. Even her bont was stove in. Shil
orgia for many hours, niutl
Dim I
harmony until the question of the line of boundary be'confess thai had AVillcc's m
finally determined.    What was the exact nature of the  °"r knowledge;  wc shouie
p been the only source of |)0(l. "_m
ertainly acquire the lm- ficultv, on Hond
pression that thore was only ono channel between the
negotiations which took place between Governor Dou-  continent and A'aneouver Island, and that that channel
glas and General Scott, or upon what basis the final | was the "Canal de  llaro;" but on the  other hand
arrangement has  been   made, we are not in n position
A'uncouvcr's map would lead us to infer that the channel through which be passed was the only navigable
we arc ever ready to join beart and hand to say, but from what has transpired, it i3 evident that.  .        , .    ,
• _-,;_<, i      ,i    ""P.     -, ■        •    inoct'fort has  been wanting upon General Scott's parti channem that position.
will)  those lie  tliev  friends  or enemies    ill i.        i ,   «    ., ,       ,        .        ..       ../, A\e think that ma consideration ol these tarts, wo
wiin   mufti,     uc   nn-j    mvnua   ui oniiuw,   111' to make amends tor the rash and unwise action ot (fen. ' . , ., .  .       r ,,      ,,',,   ,
iTT it i      • , ,       •<• ■    ,, ..can accuure some clue to  the oni/m ol the   Unilcu
,.«,,.«-,.      ™.    /%„(•    nf   -n/Ynvro      ii-lincn    nffin-tc!    n vn    IlUVIiey.      Y\ 0  .IfC    IllllCll    1111? tilltCU.  lt   111    the    COUI'SC   Ol ■ ,,.   .,,■,,,. ,   ,     i, V    .   .1     ..1     *     1   -.
power, or out ot  po^ci-whose ettoits are, ^ (]o Mt Ucn. „arncv to lmvo bcc„ .fetntcs claim to the Canal de llaro; bat ttrtttat claim,      .^ scvcrel nfled
directed to tbo advancement of the progress unwittingly a benefactor to both  these Colonies.    To  *"'™v" ft™, '""J,V'Tn'ro   was 'published  bv !     W« are informed that the whole
Of these colonies.     That a Council is urgently  ^i,^ ™ttQ\°J .ttalJL™?°^C0„^a* 5^J.U^ order of the Senltc of the' United   States,  drawn   by  troops with the exception, of on
paired tlie
reaching San Juan with greatdif-
afternoon,   dipt. Provost, of H. Jl.
S. Satellite, with the utmost promptitude despatched i
boat with a surgeon and all available succor to tin
poor fellows i)ho bud been left nn the island.
The .-hips Princess Royal nnd Annislice, were loading
at last dates, in London, for this port, and the OracU,
1 lin; tons, at Liverpool,
A Fir.iiT took place a few nights since at the fiidimi
camp adjoining Mr. Flnlayson's house, when four war-
f the United Statu
ompany under Capt. {
published   by
should be our.:"To' tim-grea-nmiroflthe peoplTof «g« •/ fc^,^ 5fle?DgSte£t boundary lin'es  U-Pt.-   -II be removed immediately-from San ,Hn
demanded by the people of British Columbia,  England, and probably also to the British Government,!       oxhu,iu„,  and  ho ,ine ofboundnry under the treaty  Wand, by order of Gen. Scott.
.     , .        ,,,/-,,-, it is a mutter about which tney do not cure two straws,,    . 18 ,r, :.,.,,,.,,.,,,.,,,,,,,, lllt, .,.,,h   i,.u,,,kd  and tbcii      The steamer Northerner loft Esquimalt on Friday It
there can be no doubt, and  tho  Colonist re- and if the Government of the Un ted Stales had only ^   ^ ',  "j;;;1, l lc v'mc.'uvcr   t.'.it mul straits! of!™™ tor Sau Francisco, with 48 passengers arid a lirj.
,, ,    _ ,,    , .  ,    ,       ,    ,   made  out n  plausible claim  to the Idle, it is notim-l., ,,    ,,"•,. «,,. •   ,. ,„„,,, •    ,.    nmnnnt of trenquvp
cently Statod many truths man article headed probablo that the  Island would  have been ceded to Fu'l't0. !!'P ' a,li": °ml"'    "«« map m valuable intu
"self-supporting,   self-dependant:"    and   al- tllom* ""'!•*nv? iu the Colonies, tho matter would have
11 ' excited  little  interest, for until  within   the  last few
though wo might lie disposed to question tlie  months, the very existence of such an island was pro-
,    r>      ., ,  i . ,   bablv unknown to or forcotten  bv nine-tenths of the
need of qui to such large prizes as arc suggested pDop|e in England.   But, thanks to General Harney, the
in tlio leader referred to, yet, the majority of Island has suddenly sprung into notoriety, and our
, claim to it will now, at all events, be fairly and  fullv
the points touched upon   recommend them- investigated.
selves as worthy of consideration.   « AVI,at   /s',onl'| il bo fo."nd tha'n0 •c?ro,,n,1:: ^ n";,,hc Jine
J ol boundary passing to the eastward ot the (.'anal de
is the delay? why not lone
are we to endure it ?"
IlifO .
of our cotemporary, in tlio following words
" The first serious drawback wo have to contend against is, tho exodus of tlio miners:
thoy, disgusted with absolutism, leave this
much as it clearly demonstrates the "official impression lri;  currently reported that the H. B.C. Steamer
in 18-18, concerning the line ofboundnry,  and the  an- Lnbouehcrc, now at Nanaimo, will sunn run between Sun
thenticity of the document is undoubted. Francisco and this place.    Should  this plan be eurricil]
A  fair consideration of all these circumstances must out, it will prove a great boon  to the public, and wif
lend   to the  conclusion,  that the claim of tho   United   «*o havo luubt, command the support of our nicr-
States to the Island of San Juan cannot be substantia- 'bants,   Besides, somo arrangoment might bo made ttj
ted, and has neither existence in right or equity
£otul Intelligence.
(Before Justices Pemberton and Brew.)
Ai.i.nurri Evasion op thb-Exoise Laws—f-'laiin of pen-
Mr. Ring, barrister at law, (Mr. Wight with him,)
how long  Hnro, we are prepared manfully and honorably to resign
C!    1   •   j ■ • ft" pretensions to tho Island of Sun Juan : but if, on
.-moil IS tlie unanimous  ,i,e eontrnry, our claim to it can be substantiated, we
cry of the inhabitants of British  Columbia,  trust our Government will firmly resist all attempts to
wrest it from us.
Tins cry has been gradually becoming more-    f„ the New York Herald ol October 5th, is published
bitter, until at last expressed in the columns ,£.*aP '!'' ""' Hll!;° lsll,,n,.K with boimdjiry !">os exhi-
1 biting the respective claims of Great Britain and the
United States.    An inspection ofa map on a larger
I scale will show how very incorrect is this rough sketch, I appeared for the defendants, and prayed for an adjourn-
' and that many islands, and in important positions too, ment unto the following day, on the ground that he
have been omitted, but it would seem that even moderate correctness was not sought, for the only nrgument
deduced from the map in favor of the American claim,
is the fact of there being a greater depth of water in
colony for California."   A free born race re-, the llaro than in the Rosario Strait, which fact the
writer conceives must constitute the llaro as the superior channel of the two, and consequently establish it us | lime, Air
Rfc SvatAyr- V>*u vio not remember nny | turnci
receive our mails direct from San Francisco, as it in
very evident, nu good can arise by their making a tour!
of the back waters of Pugct Sound and Its vicinity.
Giikat   Cricket   Match.—The  eleven of  England H
against twenty-two of America, wns played >:u the 'JiiiiH
Octr. at floboken.    The eleven of England won easy in I
one innings, with 50 runs to spare.   The skilful play of ■
the eleven was loudly applauded by the Americans.
Ik there be ul present no law to compel, wc think thnt S
nines under tho Customs Consolidation Act. c(',m""" 1llt,,'''"r-v BhouW  \oinw ptho, contractors and |
This case, which hud  boon adjourned from  the pre-  ^r:}n}^:\^^^v,u:]u ^t.of,tU?,no7_B*n.1!1
viiius day, camo on for hearing at IU o'clock.
is both disgrace-1
eminent which might, !ia\">. tins coiripreTJiTrrr.
stipulation  In  the.  treaty that the  linn of boundary i
an    Englishmen;    no should bo carried through the channel affording the
volts at even the faintest somblanco of gov
ns coTTCpg
and   none more   so
matter how perfect the administration
that despotic government may bo. How
long then are we, the pcoplo ask, to suffer a rule, not, as stated in one "of our late
issues, inflicted upon any other civil colony
of the Crown. Tlio most distant depondancy
of the British Crown, farthest from imperial
aid, or council, docs not British Columbia
doubly need hor own best counsels? And
how long will Governor Doulcias do himself
and tlio colony the injustice, to deny them to
her—by withholding that for which the people havo prayed, both by petition to himself
and through the journals of the day. Some
may try to flatter him for attempting to
control affairs single handed, bul His Excellency's true friends will act otherwise, and there
mtaai '.'!T
the present condition of Iho sido-wa
fill and dangerous.
British Columbia,—The news from the Upper Fraser
and Alexander is daily improving,  and there can bo in)
had only about ten minutes ago  been instructed to up-  ,iul11'1 llmL the curly selling iu of the winter alone pro*
pear, and it would bo impossible for him  al so short u  vontsmostimportanl discoveries, as it is, Million's oxprc'i
notice to do justice to Ihe interests of his clients. j brought down on Saturday by lhc Eliza Anderson $WW
The  Attorney General  resisted  the  application  on 00.0i antl botwoen $15,000 and $20,000, in tho hands Ol
public grounds.   At longth be offered n postponement minors; who to tho number of one bundled came down
for two hours, nnd as the bench .refused to grant more , ty llli;) steamer.    These men were drawn away by tin
King at the expiration of two  hours  re- j severity of tho weather, which they could not oopibal
iii'f-i^ia'iMi>i»Min«^wiM."t.m.iiig»-uHitto.-i. Bfjali.
The. Attorney General was about to open his case, Roads, when shall wo havo thorn? Nearly nil tho atwifo
icn Air. Ring took  u preliminary  objection, that the |,n Rritisli^Columbia are frozen over, and mining ope
Qc\ greatest depth of water. A\'o maybe wrong, but. we proceedings were irregular und void, contonding that itions during tho willtor will bo almost entirely sudpofld'
should conceive that a channel which has sufficient upon the information laid, tho defendants ought to have ocl- It is said that a hoavy fall of-snow has render**!
depth of water for the navigation of every description been summoned as directed by the 2*T0th section of the | f'10 trail almost impassablo being in some plnecs 3 ft(l
of vessel, and at the same tiino has not such depth a
to preclude the possibility of ensuring safoty by anchoring, must, other things being equal, be superior to one
whose bottom can only be sounded with hundreds of
Hut for our own part, we do not conceive that depth
of water, or any other consideration of this kind, in
reference to navigation, has anything to do with the
The words of the treaty are as follows: " The line
shall be continued westward along the said 'loth parallel of north'latitudc, to the middle of the channel which
separates the Continent from A'aneouver Island, nnd of
Fuel's Straits to the Pacific Ocean, provided, however,
that the navigation of the said channel aud straits shall
be free and open to both parties."
Now there is no mention here about deepest channel,
or widest channel, or about llaro strait, or Rosario strait,
but't-ke-idiatincl described ns the channel which separates the continent from Vancouver Island. This is undoubtedly the spaed of water existing between these
two given points, and through tho middle of such space
by the words of the treaty, should tho boundary line
run. The Canal do llaro cannot be considered ns the
channel   which " separates the continent from Vancouver
Act, und  not be apprehended  upon a warrant, und
argued that upon a proper interpretation of tho 266th
section with the 30th section of Ihe subsequent net,
entitled the Supplemental Customs Consolidation Act,
a warrant was unjustifiable and illegal, unless founded
upon depositions mado on oath that lhc accused parties
were about to abscond. He argued Ibut bail having
been given on the arrest, tho proceedings wero lawful
and regular. The accused would be deprived, by the proviso of the 2GI th section, of the right conferred by that.
section to have a trial by a superior court of law—which
they desired.
The Attorney General said ho relied upon the 2G6th
section of the Act of 1853, which ho read for tlie
present proceedings by warrant,
Mr. Wight—lf you look again to tho section you wi
sec  that a  warrant is  issuable only  where a
might issue.
The Attorney General wfls not convinced, and as-to
the act, quoted by Mr. King, it did not apply to this
colony, and ho insisted upon the trial going on.
Mr. Pemberton—Wo have a public duly to discharge
l,et the trial go on.
Air. Wight—You are discharging a public duty by
listening tu the arguments of counsel.
iu depth, licnci'ly speaking, iho up river traders appen' I
to think well of the state of business, and an uniisiml 1
amount of packing is going on, although wo fear Hi1" 3
tho trail will be very shortly in such a stato os to put"I
stop to travelling entirely for some months'
The. Iiiiiul ami Works Department aro being busy"11
New AVestniinsior, at gigantio schemes of excavation*"I
but wo think they might be bettor cxployed in impro*'-|
ing Iho existing roads, aud cutting trails to enable Hi»l
miners to obtain provisions at a reasonable prioe; or i' |
tho weather will not permit of them being iletncln-"' I
from Ihe Camp, In necessary work at our Capital.
Carnatic.—Tho ship Carnatic sailed for England o»l
Salurday evening, Having been towod out by tho   Ott<'<l
Captain Torrens, Ihe hardy and enterprising explotjtfi'l
has safely returned from Ft. Simpson, lie oaino nil
Capiat] Nanaimo by the 11. II. 0. steamer Lab'ottihere and frot»l
thence by a schooner. Tho report of this oxjilornllo"1 j
has not yet been published, but we learn that it bWl
tended still more to prove tbo highly auriferous natii'1!
of tho whole of British Columbia, Major Downio In"!
gone by the Skinner River, purposing to cross to Ale*I
Tim If. !;. 0. steamer Oder, sailed yesterday eveiiton
for Nanaimo,
"•**,!«,•—^e—.«- TIIE  NEW  WESTMINSTER TIMES.
All communications addressed lo the Editor must have
the Authors real signatures, nol necessarily for publication, but merely as a guarantee of good faith,' and must be
written on one side of the paper only. We arc not responsible for the opinions of our correspondents.
Editor New Westmuvstbr Times.
Silt,—There is a report current relative to a letter
which I had written to Col. Moody, a transcript of
which I had sent to His Excellency the Governor,
which conveyed an erroneous view of its tenor, and
calculated to prejudice me unfairly and unwarrantable.
I beg, therefore, that you will do mc tho favor to insert
n copy of the communication iu question, in your
paper, which will do away with impressions which
some persons are prone to promulgate.
I am, Sir, your ob't. serv't,
P. G. I". Macdonai.d.
Victoria, A'. I., 10th Nor. 1859.
id Julv, 1850.
what we must do. AVe want an officer such ns I have
described at the head of the fine body of men we have
here, and then we shall get on, nnd have no more fancy
work executed in a sort of bewildered way. The present
work must be at once stopped; the country has no mony
to carry forward such a plan, and it has tlio appearance
of a trick to get parties who have not paid up, to pay
their last instalments under the plea that they will
grade the streets and carry out the contract made,
which they have not the least idea of doing.
Now Westminster, Nov. 8lh, 1859.
I Stationer's Hall.
Queensborough, II. C, 2i
Colonel .Moody, I!. B,,   Chief \
Commissioner of Lands and AVorks. /
Sib,—f cannot refrain from ex-pressing my deep regret at being compelled to address you on a subject
which, if calmly considered, must reflect on your official position.
A wise author has written  " rend not books alone,
but men."    While I nm not of those who shut one eye
and look with the other through a colored glass, which
has been stained with the opinions and prejudices   of
others, which gives ils   own   hue to everything seen
through   it,  and   parade   unfair   and   unwarrantable
charges  against the officials of a colony, yet I never
hesitate to speak out and enter an earnest remonstrance
against mal-administration, when it stands in bold relief before   me,   however  high   tlie  position   of the
person who disseminates.   Duty to ourselves, and that
which we owe to the colony, demand that our mouths
be not stopped; neither dure we crouch before dignity
and power; but fearlessly and unhesitatingly bring to
bear the public opinion of a free and enlightened people on manifest matters of importance.    My object is
uot by any means to excite strife, but to lend such aid
nsmay be in my power towards placing the management of the   Lands and AVorks   Department  of this
colony, ou the broad bases of honor, justice, and integrity, free altogether from   taint und suspicion, and
from an entangling knot of corruptiouists, who  servilely crouch around the seat of power   for sinister
motives.    It is only by having an   impartial, honest,
and wise management, and by protecting against palpable waste of public money, that our rights and social
prosperity cat. lie secured.    Shall we be passive under
the existing state of things?    Shnll we tamely submit
*.o injustice, and to the extravagant arrangement and
wasteful expenditure of officialism ; or, shall we raise
our voices against the wrong-doing in what we conceive to be, to say the least of it, the unwise exercise
of power?   The  question is not  remote—Ihe matter
appeals to the pockets of a colony in financial exhaustion—to the pockets and rights of the thousands who
may yet people these wastes—and it appeals also to the
j justice doc to those British subjects who have settled
in the colony ns  professional  men, who   have spent
years in study and practice,  and thousands of pounds
also in acquiring a proper knowledge of that profession.   Doubtless, you anticipate the perpetrated wrong
—the grievance complained of.    If nol, it is this:—
1. That you have contracted to have a survev of an
extensivo tract of this colony executed on a system unknown to yourself practically—utterly unknown lo the
Hoyul Engineers under your command, and admitted
by those who practice the method, lo be a system which
is a mere approximation to accurncy, and which casts
the Theodolite into disuse.
That no such large contract ought to have been
[concluded, without the matter having been submitted
[to public competition, in justice to the general body of
[Civil Engineers and Surveyors; and ns n course certain
[to protect the finances of the Colony; several well'qualifi-
led persons being clearly of opinion that many thousands
■of pounds sterling would have been saved to the Trcas-
| ury had tenders been solicited.
That I offered to contract on the 28th of February
ilnst, at your request, to survey and plan "at and after
[the rate of twenty dollars per running mile, for wood
[land, anil ten dollars per running rnile for open land, or, -„
The following arc extracts from some of the numerous communications addressed to us, upon the subject
of a Council for British Columbia, the lettei'3 being loo
pjngthy for insertion :—■
New AA'eslminslcr, 16th Oct., 1850.
" As British subjects, wo have enjoyed the protection
of the counsels of a body in the government we come
from, we have not, wc' hope, travelled thousands of
miles to lose our rights; such is tho wail uttered from
Lytton lo this town, and embodied in our still neglected
petition fiir a council, one you must record iu your
columns if you desire to be an exponent of
Public Opixios."
A'ictoria November Tlh., 1859_
.Sir :—Private letters, if from intelligent and impartial correspondents, frequently convey more formal reports, let me then offer yon the following extract, from
the letter ofa friend, whose position renders him nn
impartial jud
and in whose intelligence have  confi-
A'ours obediently.
After a gossip about the routes to the upper country,
in which lie strongly advocates the Harrison, versus the
Vale line, he proceeds.
Cayoush, Oct., 20th, 1850.
Since my lust, reports of a most favorable nature have
come down from above, and the whole tone of the returning miners is good. Some fresh discoveries have
been made at or near Quesnelle River. I know of one
party, who up to that River vory lately nnd took
into their heads to prospect on the trail, they washed
unless than $90 worth of dust, out of 81 buckets of
dirt, this too at a place that had been passed by hundreds.
I now hear that more miners than I bad previously supposed would do so, intend to winter up above. 1 have
ever feared that they will be very hard up for food
about February or March, as their supplies aro so fains I can learn,   limited.
Again. I urge upon nil to advocate roads. AVhen a
council is formed (I hope such is already the case,) for
the. people demand it loudly, its chief .study sliuld be
internal communications. Vou all seem asleep on this
point; without roads, the colony let the gold be ever
so rich, will dwindle away into ils pristine state. Hundreds of miners would have remained with us, if we had
but roads to enable provisions to reach thorn. I enclose you a specimen of the kind of gold found. You
sec it is about half the size of a one dollar piece, and
about half the weight of u dollar. It comes from
Roses' Bur, ten miles below ; it is part of the loot of an
Indian, the fellow making his wives (the ruffian has
three) pack dirt to him, while he rocks it out, which he
does as well as a white man. The dusky sultan is
milking a capital pile in this way. Apropos again to
roads ; this item is never out of a miner's mind. Since
July nn average of twelve Ions of freight bus come in
here weekly, and yet it does not keep pace with the demand. About once a month the place is minus flour;
in fact, to-day there is not a pound obtainable for love
or money. The three newspapers should unite their
voices to get what the people demand,—a proper set of
advisers for Hie Governor. These advisers would get
the people roads. I write what is the general opinion
on such points, and I must sny what appears to be a
reasonable one in a Brilish Colony peopled with a free
and highly intelligent race.
"British Columbian."
Fort Yale, 22nd Oct., 1859.
"AVhal we feel is that nn one man can be expected to
do tho work of the  colony, he cannot even see all that
is lo be done.    It is by bringing a number of men toother that wants arc elicited and canvassed.    Besides,
New Chinese AVar.—Government had decided on
dispatching sverfil additional steam-frigates and corvettes together with a sufficient number of sailing frigates, to augment the squadron in China. It was also
expected, that a force of 1,000 additional marines would I
be dispatched to China. Great activity prevailed in
England in preparing the Chinese expedition. The London Timet says there are about 5,000 rather wrong-
headed soldiers in the vicinity of Calcutta, waiting a
passage home, and the object should be to divert them
from the west to the east. Assuming, however, their
re-engagement impracticable, there was still in India a
force large enough to overcome even the mighty Chinese
Empire. The London Daily News announces that Government had resolved to send at once a military IWcc
to China, and to send it from India.
The latest accounts state that threeOl-gun ships were
under orders for foreign service at Portsmouth, and four
gun-boats were being prepared with all haste for China.
The utmost activity prevailed at AVoolwich and elsewhere, in gelling off ammunition, &c.
The London Times Paris correspondent says it was
stated that 12,000 French troops had been ordered to
be held in readiness to depart for China. Gen. Wimfcii
i was talked of the command. The Paris papers, almost
without a single exception, express satisfaction at the
announcement of an Anglo-French expedition against
China, aud several of them mid a hope Ihut the union
of tho two flags against a common enemy will strengthen
the alliance between the two countries, and dispel ihe
recent rumors of n rupture.
The Sultan nearly lost his life recently. An Ionian
captain commanding an English steam tug drove his
vessel twice against the Imperial caique, and the Sultan
wns saved wilh great difficulty. The euplnin was arrested, nnd the most .searching enquiry will take place
into the affair.
Letters from Rome state that the health of the Pope
is almost entirely restored.
Isambard K. Brunei, the designer of the Great Eastern, who was prevented _bv sickness from going on her
trial trip, has since died of paralysis.
The Independence Beige says Lord Cowley and Count
AValewski have been commissioned to arrange a basis
of co-operation between England and France, in the
prosecution of the Chinese war.
tub conference.
There hud been a complete suspension ,nf intercourse
between the plenipotentiaries for several days, but on
10th September after the arrival of a French courier,
the representatives of Franco and Austria held a conference, lusting three hours.
The Times' Paris correspondent says if the reports of
the day may be credited, there is a possibility of the
settlement of the Italian question which would satisfy all
parties, and the general impression was, that the political horizon was likely soon to be clearer than for some
time past.
The Conslitulionni'l had given prominence to nn editorial iu which it calls on England to side with France
in the Italian question. The article was regarded as an FORT
appeal to England to assist diplomatically in extricating
the Emperor from the difficulties engendered at Villafranca.
The Daily News announces that Lord Clyde will retire from the command of the Indian army at the end
of the year, and be succeeded by General Sir Hugh 11.
Rose, who played a prominent part in the suppression
of the rebellion. Genera] Mansfield is to be Commander-in-Chief of the Bombay army.
Conflicting accounts are published as to the state of
the London builder's strike, but it was evident that
great numbers of men were resuming work under the
non-society terms proposed by the masters.
A battle for the "championship" had taken place at
Tichurst, Kent, between Tom Savers and Brettle. The
fight only Insteil 2.1 minutes, and Savers was declared
the victor.
TIIE Lower portion of the Brick Building occupied
by the'New   Westminster Times Office, in rear of
Apply to
THE Building on A'ates street, now occupied by the
Proprietors of the New Westminster Times I'rinlii
Ollice.    Apply ou the premises.
HAA'E just received a very Choice Lot of Groceries,
and are c-cliist.tnt'y receiving fresh goods by every
.steamer, which they offer at very low rales.
Families are especially invited to call, ns every thing
is selected with great care for Family use.
Very superior Teas, Sugar, Coffee, and Butter.
JNDEHSIGNED, ex "Gomelzn,"
Of the following well-known brands, viz.
Hibbcrt'8 London Porter und India Pale Ale;
J. AV. Bridges k Son's Best Stout Porter;
Robert Porter k Co's. London Porter, in pts. k qts.
Jones' E. I. Pale Ale and Loudon Stout Porter;
Robert Tooth's London Porter and Burton Alo ;
Saunders k Cameron's Bottled Beer.
Batgcr k Co's London Preserved Fruits, In bottles;
" "       Jams, injurs j
" Lozenges and Scotch Mixtures, in tins.
—a i,so—
Superior Stout Red Port, in 1 doz. casc3 ;
"        "      "     "    in 3 doz. cases.
— ALSO—             	
A select assortment of Gosnell k Co's PERFCAIEBV
consisting of flair' Brushes, Soaps, Perfumes, &c, &c.
of the finest quality.
Alinie Rifle Carbines, brass mounted, elevating Bights ;
"       "       " with hair triggers,       do;
Revolvers and Holster Pistols:
Double-Barreled Carbines, steel mounted;
Rifles and Indian Guns, of various patterns.
Booth's Old Tom;
Burnett k Co's Old Tom, with patent stoppered bottles.
Also, received from London—
Cnpt. G. Rhodes'Patent Field and Guard TENTS, complete ;
Portable Chairs, forming Bedsteads, with Mattresses, kc,
On 1st January, 18G0.
Will   be   Published,
CONTAINING authentic information upon every subject connected with these colonies, and a complete
official, professional, and Business Directory—with tho
salaries of all Government Officials, kc, kc
Professional, and Business Gentlemen, arc particularly requested to furnish the undersigned with such
information respecting their names, places of business,
kc., as may be in their power, at the office of the "New
Westminster Times."
The above Almanac will doubtless have an extensive
circulation. Finding its way into every house and es1
tiiblishinent, it will possess immense advantages as an
advertising medium, nnd we feel convinced that wo
have only to call the attention of the public to its
utility for it to be appreciated. Unlike other publica-
lions iu Ibis colony, tlie Almanac is not one of those
that will be thrown on one side, but will be a constant
book of reference for every inhabitant.
Charges for advertising in the Almanac:
lei of north latitude to the middle of the channel which
Business Cards, (three or four lines) $5.
Half page, $15.
AVhofe page, $20.
The sizo of the page of the Almanac will bo 8 inches
by 5.
Crimean Canteens, 4c, 4c, &c.
TnE ABOVE LIBRARY "Will be opened to subscribing Members on December   1st.    It is due to
Iwliat  is  commonly  called  prairie land, on a  system | remark the strength-it gives to any governor,—it en
'which Mould have called into use the Theodolite, which
jwmilil have rendered testing the accuracy oftho survey
pimple and easy to the Royal Engineers, nnd would not
■necessitate incessant alterations and corrections, to say
|nothing of the amount of litigation laid up in store by
I persisting inn method necessarily entailing an incorrect
division of property, upon which theros no check during the progressof the survey, and for which there is no
remedy afterwards. It mny truly be said; that a ''make
Ishift" process has been adopted, costing the colony iuli-
Biiatrly more than a "make right'' process.
A'oii  will excuse me for making these remarks; they
■nre made from no personal feeling to you, but simply
■nu public grounds.   The matter at issuo involving the
■■position of the profession to which T belong.
Your obdnt. servt.
D. G. F. AIcdonalu.
To the Editor New WESTMINSTER Times.
hear  that a  grade  is  about to  be  fixed by
of I.anils and AVorks, for Columbia
fclreet, and that it bus taken all hands several weeks to
incpiire it; of course you will be prepared for something
Tory extraordinary, und so it has come out a regular
tunner." It is in the high lined principle und we shall
waul a bidder to get up in the  road, for it  leaves
he houses already built, or ncarlv so, in the lurch for
Instance it is 8 feet high ul at Prick's place, and wc arc
Informed will be i! feet higher so ns to give an opportunity to pull down nny store thnt may be built on the fust
trade, and prevent the fireproof stores being put up.   It
■rill cost, calculating the price paid for grading theCus-
Bom House lot at S'J.J- per cubic yard, $20,OIK) to the Trcn-
ury, and $180,000 to the .Gamp, for one-street. It will
Iso enable some more money being laid out on the lots
filling them iu to the street level; for instance Mr. Put-
ick's lot. will cost him $6,000, and Air. Bell's, opposite,
ill cost him$B,000, itjwill nUo have Ihe effect of spoil-
ig the water front.    If wo  were a  rich colony like
ustralia it might lie n good plan to lay out one or two
niflion dollars iu grading a town ;  but in apooroom-
iiinily liko «!!(--*'ir.i)j'^ii!'*t have  something more
, tvfid tniTiur lout from lhc amount "of our cloth.
•In* urery-lraa fine theoretical scheme, but'not a practical
nej what we want really is the (wo ravines bridging over,
nd a temporary road making immediately and leave
luncy work for oilier people something to cost little,
ml serve  every purpose  for years to conic.    I often
lish we had hnd a Crimean officer at the head of this
I'partmcnt,  one  who hnd  seen what   work  is—how
io road was formed from Kniuiesh to the Front the first
infer—how the trenches were made from the Mamclon
> the Redan, in places cut through solid rock, under
heavy  fire—had seen the mines formed  opposite the
ustion du Mat—and  tho grand military road  made
y an English Colonel from  Sevastopol to Yalton,
o$tly oil a ledge of rock overhanging llicsea.  Tho work
f forming a road lo the mines   would  hi;  nothing to
Inch a man, and he would have got, somo company to
kc it. in hand; for instance, why not the Hudson Bay
ompany; thoy sny they hove capital, and were making
proposal a short time buck lo have the whole country
iven   up  to thorn, in order to shut it Up;  however if
ioji will undertake  a rqad and havo it completed in
ivelvo months, to open it out, we will overlook this,
i' ihe goon they will then do, and it will be as good
i invcstin.cnt ns they can make, ns wo will be  liberal
the toll thev can take, and wo shall he able to return thoy havo in tl|C country, instead of letting
wander away.    Thhj is what tlie p'eople of California
;i'l with Qunrf/, mining Co's, and got ten millions ster-
ng put of thorn, which they had the good sense to get
'id out in the country so it'could not leave, and this is
lidos him to do more than he dare venture, on aloite.
AA'e believe that had we had a council months ago, ns
we think we ought, the Commissioner of Lands nnd
AVorks would have been taken to task long ago, and
roads would have been constructed and be where only
wretched trails now exist. Miners would be iu thousands
instead q/ hundreds on the bars, the Customs Revenue
would fiaVc been double if not treble, and thus means
for going on with public works have been forthcoming. Mining laws would have been passed months,
instead of only weeks ago, and merchants and miners
would be enjoying a degree of prosperity which would
relket a splendor on this Colony entitling Governor
Douglas to honor. AVe nsk but little: we nsk for any
form of a council, Government officers and a few of
ourselves, and let the people of A'aneouver Island aid
us in our petition, for their and our interests are too
closely allied for one to suffer without the other suffering too.     This sir, is the  unanimous
A'oick of the People."
There was quite a gathering of politicians at Biarritz.
In addition to the King of Belgium, Lord Cowley, Count
Reist and Count AA'alcwski hud gone-there, and Count
Cavour and the Duke of Alalukoff were expected.
News from Italy leaves little doubt of the determination of the Italians to rely upon themselves. Garibaldi
was preparing a general concentration of troops on any
given part. General Fniiti, Commander-in-chief of the
troops of the Italian League, hud fixed his headquarters
at Bologna. The soldiers disbanded by A'ictor Emanuel
were flocking around him.
The Government of Tuscany had notified the Plenipotentiaries of the Grand Puke to evacuate the place
within three days, nnd in case of non-compliance the
properly of the Grand Duke was to be sequestered.
Fort Hope, 2?th Oct., 1850.
'•' How long are the inhabitants of this Colony to be
deprived of the best advice that can be obtained in the
government of the Colony. AVe approve oftho moderate
lone of your paper, but you must spoak out more
plainly, or you speak but half the truth. Every day's
delay in assembling n council for this Colony, is so
much loss of (he talents of those who would compose
the council. If we owe respect to the government as
one of our duties, wc also.chiim our rights as
l.laual liifflltgcnxc.
Gances,  Captain   Fulford;   flag  of  Rear Admiral
Bayncs, C. B., 4c.
Tribune, Oapt. Hornby.
II. M. S. Plumper, Cnpt. G. W. Richards.
II. M. S. Satellite, Captain Prcvost, is at Griffin
Buy, San Juan, representing a British naval force at the
disputed island.
The Pylades, Capt. Michael de Courcy, arrived in
Esquimalt, on Saturday evening, with the Caledonia in
tow. Riley, the fireman, one of those wounded by the
explosion, is dead.
II. M. S. Pylados will probably take the place of the
Satellite at Sun Juan in lhc course of the week.
To the Editor of the " N. AV. Times."
Sir;—R is absolutely necessary that some alteration
should lake place in our wretched Post. Ollice arrangements here. For instance, the Aluil Steamer arrived
about seven o'clock this morning, and the mail bags
were only being delivered at (he Post Office at half past
ten.'.'! The Mail Steamer leaves at twelve; the Post
Officii!-*r-»'#*^j''«%:•' (*#«•*.'''*•?■**■"'^!**""f**'-'"***•»
all return answers. .... ....
Is this English management, or is it Gorman, Spanish,
or the worst semi-barlmriau Indifference? When it is
considorod that this is not merely a San Francisco mail,
but the English mail, with loiters from nil parts of tho
world, I think if tho Post Office cannot bring the mail
bugs threo miles in three hours, (from Esquimalt), they
hail better contract with the Alail Steamship Company,
or some other company, to wait until they can got their
bugs up and the letters delivered in time lo allow two
hours at least—six hours if possible—to answer our
correspondence, ..
The English Post Offico is the admiration of Ihe
world' here we aro living upon our European reputation. lllA-
Victoria, 11th Nov,
ttiose residents in Fort Hope, who have most liberally
and kindly come forward with monetary loans to meet
Ihe sum expended in the purchase of the house and
ground for the Institution, that such kindness should be
acknowledged, and my best thanks returned for the
same, as well as for the confidence with which they
have met mo in my desiro to promote the interests of
our town.
I now beg to subjoin the List of newspapers with
which tho Reading Room will start, and the Books already selected. Those friends in Victoria nnd else-
whore, who have strengthened my hands by their aid,
received and promised, will thus see what is contemplated. I beg to thank them also for their good will
and help.
Any books which the owners have read or feel inclined to give the Fort Hope Library, will be gratefully
received by mc, through the Rev. R. Dundas, who has
kiudly consented to forward them.
Times, or Evening Mail; European Times; Dispatch ;
Illustrated London News; Punch; Atheiueum: New
Vork Trihune; Alta California; Bulletin; Colonist;
Sew Westminster Times.
3 vols. British Poets; 2 vols. MacCulIoch's Dictionary;
2V vols. AVaverly Novels; 4 vols. McCaulay's History of
England; 1 vol. Arabian Nights; 1 Youatt on Cattle;
12 vols. Shakespeare; 1 Bennett's Poultry Book; 1
Fox's Martyrs; 1 Practical Farrier; 1 Workingman's
Companion; Aytown's Lays; 1 Pilgrim's Progress;
3 Diary of a Physician; 1 Wide AVide AVorld; 1 Becche's
Lectures to Young Men ; 1 Twice Told Tales ; 1 Gulliver's Travels; Salsbury Plains; 1 Life of Columbus;
1 Robinson Crusoe; 1 Lamartiue's French Revolution;
1 Russia During 33 Year's Residence; 1 Hungarian
Sketches; 1 Love Me Little, Love Me Long; 1 Mabel
Vaughan; 1 History of Wonderful Inventions; 1 Agnel
ou Chess; G Modern British Essayists; 1 Livingston's
Travels; 1 Inquire AA'ithin; 1 AVaverly Anecdotes; .'
vols. Magazines; 1 Comb's Constitution of Man; 1 Lay-
yard's Babylon; 1 Irving's Sketch Book; 1 Eliza Cook's
Poems; 2 vols. Longfellow's do.; 2 Hood's do.; 20 Miscellaneous Novels—Marryatt, Bulwer, Lever, and Dickens ; 2 vols. Pcndcnnis; 1 Birth-land of St. Paul; 1
Kuinaraachus Parables; 1 Arctic Explorations; 1 Irving's A'ignett's; 1 Humorous English Poets; 1 Vale of
Cedars; Irving's Tales of a Traveller.
Terms of Subscription ,....,„„ $5 0O
Monthly Subscriptions, in advance     1 00
Honorary Members, without Entrance Fee...   5 oo
A'ictoria, 0, 1859.—nl2-tc Hon. Secretary.
I HEREBY GIVE NOTICE; that I shall, on or before
the '10th day of November in this year, make out
a list of all persons entitled to vote in the election of a
Member to serve in the House of Assembly of Vancouver Islandrftir each of the hereafter named DistrictSj
that is to say, for—
A'ictoria County District,
A'ictoria Town District.
Esquimalt, and Alctchosen County District.
Esquimalt Town District.
Nanaimo District.
Lake District,
Sooke Disrricti
Saanich District.
Salt Spring Island District, including thrj
Settlement of Chemaynis,
In respect of property (or other qualification) situato"
within this District or Town; and all persons so entitled arc hereby required to deliver or transmit to me,
on or before tbo 23rd day of November, in this year, rt
claim in writing, containing the Christian name and
Surname, their place of abode, the nature of their qualification, the name of the street, lane or other like-
place wherein the properly in respect of which
Ihey claim to vote, is situated, and each ,of such
persons so claiming must also at the sanie time pay
to me the sum-of four shillings and two pence.
Persons omitting to deliver or transmit such claim
or ninkq such payment, will be excluded from the list
of voters for this District (Town or City.)
N. B. Any false decimation is declared by law to bo'
perjury; and any wilfully false claim a misdemeanor.
Sheriff of A'aneouver Island.
Sheriff's Office, A'ictoria, V. I.
0th Nov. 18J9.
Victoria,     j
\   San Francisco.-
North-west corner'of Yates and Douglas streets, Victoria,-
ARE in regular receipt of assorted Furniture of substantial quality, which they offer at reasonable-
rates, in part consisting of
BEDSTEADS, all sizes; Bureaus, plain and scroll
front; Tables, assorted sizes; Chairs, cane tirid wood
scat, and office chairs; Rockers, cano seat and hack;
Looking Glasses; Cots, and other articles of iminedi-
.'lit* necessity.
Mr. PIERCE—recently of J. k O. S. Fierce of. Serf
Francisco—now residing there, will give his attention*
to the filling of special orders for any .style of Furniture,
thereby saving time, trouble, and expense, to parties
here. i
Of this particular material for Bedding, we have art-
ample slock in hand, which we offer cither by the bnlo
or in Bedding, at steady prices. It is universally conceded to be equnl lo feathers, and better than curled"
hair for this climate, at half the price of either. Our-'
arrangements with the sole importer of it for California,-
are such that we are enabled to sell Lower than it call
be hnd elsewhere. Straw Mattrasscs, wholesale and*
retail. n8-3m
V-^ Johnston-streets, A'ictoria, A'. I. Diokson, Do
Wolf ,t Co., Merchant-street, San Francisco.   slO-tc
COMMISSION MERCHANTS, Albert AVharf, Victoria,
A'aneouver  Island, and Battery-Street, San Francisco, California. slO-tc
OMMISSION   MERCHANTS,   Victoria,   Vancouver
Island. oc4-tc
Z t—n. 3 - *
FOR SALE.—Per ship " Gomclza,"  from London.
The following materials, &c, yet unsold ;
173 bundles BBH best 18 and 20, 20 aud 2-t, sheet
iron :
0000 best Fire Bricks;
15,000 best Viscountess Bangor Slates;
And a few cases of best English Alo and London
Apply to
Muster on board.
Victoria, Nov. 1850. nl2-tc
DR.  RUAISEY  has  removed  his   offico from   the
Clifton House to tho building occupied  by Dr.
Al.inlcv, in Trounce street. nl-tc
Yates Street, Victoria,
IS PREPARED to furnish designs for nil  kinds of
public and private buildings.
Superintendence, valuation, and measurement of (he
different, descriptions of mechanical work connected
with building. oc25-tc
To the Editor of the N. AV. Times.
Sir—Tho A'ictoria Gazelle nnd .yourself have lately
bit upon ihe righ line in suggesting lhc appointment of
a Road Committee for British Columbia, nnd In again
culling (or an Executive Council. I wish to let you
know how pleased the minors now passing through
hero arc at the idea ol a Press advocating so practical
an object.    Until they linve a Council Ihey hope for no
good, andlsay they will not return. Thoy want the proper
heads In ihe proper places to do proper service for n
line but neglected country, which minors are still leaving
although the gold vield is admitted to bo excellent.
A Friend of tiie Mixers.
1). CARROLL,  Yatcs-street,  between  Wharf and
Government-streets, Importer and Wholesale and
Retail dealer in Wines ami Liquors, tc
QJAMUEL   PRICE k CO., Merchants, Wlmrf-strccct
kJ    A'ictoria, A'aneouver Island. ol-tc
J ANION, GREEN k CO., Commission Merchants
foot of Johnson-street, near tho Bridge, A'ictoria,
V. I. Agent for the Liverpool Underwriters' Association. H12-6
HAVE ON HAND, and are constantly supplied with1
Standard nnd Miscellaneous Books, comprising,
Poetry, History, Mechanics, Agricultural, Dramatic,-
Cookery, Dictionaries,  Bibles, Juvenile  Books, Music
and Soiig Books, Annuals and Gift Books, Law, School
and .Medical Books, Novels, bound and in paper covers-
Sts.plC and Fancy Stationery, comprising,
Letter, Note, Foolscap, Legal,  Parliamentary  Brief,.
Flutciip, Drnii, Folio Post, Blotting, Wrapping, Tissuo;.
Bill and Bill-head Paper, Playing Cards, Blank Books,
full and half bound—Cap, Domi, and Medium—including Memorandums in great variety-
Envelopes, Steel Pens, Inks and) IAikstan'd?,-Copying
Presses, Globes, Date Calendars, Wafers, Seals, Clips,
Stamps, Racks, Drawing Instruments, AVatcr Colors,-
Pencils, Music, Paper, Violin Strings, Dominoes; Drawing, Tracing, and Photographic Paper, Tracing or Vellum
Cloth, Portfolios, Refereneo Files,-Sealing Wax, Chess
Alcn, Backgammon Boards, Slates, Mucilage, Visiting
Cards, Eyelet Machines, &c, kc, &c.
.iiivjiv! ou mm!innnw^sorment of"
Government Street, opposite the Washington Restaurant.
Every description of Boots and Shoes made to order
in tho most fashionable style, and at the lowest possible prices.
All articles guaranteed to bo of the best workmanship.   Repairs executed. nl2-lm
WHOLESALE and Retail Denier in Hardware,
Agricultural Implements, Bar Iron, Steel ami
Iron-Mongery, and stove and Tinware of every description. Glass and Crockery Ware, AVood and Willow-
Ware, kc
Begs to inform his friends ami the public tfrnt ho
has the largest assortment of tho above ou this Island,
which he oilers for sale at the lowest rates.
October I, 1859. o4-3m
TV    PHELANj eornei of Yales and Government-streets
-L« Victoria
mid Glassware.
dealer in Groceries, Provisions, CrooJfOryi
•Ml'SIC.    .,
LESTER begs  leavo to  announce  that   she
Instruction 6ll  the Piano.    Kesideiice,
Vaiicouver-stroot, between Bclot and Belcher.
November Ith. "in. 118
. willgiv.
Yatcs-street over Messrs. Moore k Co.'s,
rpiIE Committee of the Young Men's Christian
|| Association, have pleasure in announcing to their
friends and the public generally, that tho above
Rooms will be open every evening (Sundays excepted,)
from f) to 10 o'clock.
The Secretary will be in attendance every Tuesday
und Friday evening, from 8 to 10 o'clock, to enrol members and receive their subscriptions.
'   Subscriptions, six Shillings or one Dollar and a Half
per Quarter.
November 1th, 1850. I'm. n8
JBEGG, practical Gardener and Nursery-man, having
obtained tho agency for tho sale of Fruit Trees from
oine of the b est Nurseries in Oregon nnd California,
will be happy to supply farmers and others with the
choicest descriptions of Fruit Trees, at tho lowest market prices. J. B. will also attend to the planting out
of trees, if required. All trees planted by him will bo
warranted to grow, and true to name. For particulars
apply at tho offico of the " New Westminster Times."
N. i).—Gardens, Orchards, and public parks, will be
laid out on tho best principles, and most reasonable
terms. Tho fall is the proper season for planting out
trees, *W*3»
,1 '
(See OW last issue.)
Tray who, at Mrs. Matehem's ball,
AVith pretty face and figure tall,
My captive heart did first enthral?
My sweetheart I
Who danced with such bewitching grace?
Who thought it " such a charming place,'1
And smiled so sweetly in my face?
My sweetheart I
Who danced with me four times that night?
Causing her Ma such great delight,
Because she thought she'd hook'd me quite?
My sweetheart I
Who left her handkerchief behind,
In just the spot where I might find,
And call with it, were I inclined?
My sweetheart I
Who at the window chanced to be,
(Thinking of course of ought but me,)
Whene'er 1 culled her Pa to sec?
My sweetheart!
AA'ho's temper never seemed to veer?
Who always cull'd her sister "dear,''
That is to say, when 1 was near.
My sweetheart!
My sweetheart then, but who could sec.
The slightest similarity,
•"'Bctween-her tlwn, and-kttterly?-- —	
My wife !
AVho runs in debt with every trade,
To such a time that I'm afraid,
To think of all that I have paid?
My wife I
AVho spends a fearful sum in dress.
Yet faints if I should e'er express,
A hint that she might do with less?
My wife I
AVho, when at length the day doth close,
And I at Inline would seek repose,
Bores me with her domestic woes ?
My wife!
AVho drives the servant maids away,
By scolding all the live long day,
Till not a single one will stay?
My wife I
In short, upon reflection cool,
1 feel I made myself a fool,
In liming what I ne'er could rule,
A wife!
P E E It S A X D  P R 0 T E G E E S.
Chapter IX.
On their return from the Grove, Lord St. Cluir went
directly to the state apartments, which Mrs. Norton, to
murk her love and veneration for her young master, hud
prepared for his reception: and Alfred, finding that
dinner would not he served for au hour, resolved to
spend the intervening time with the old housekeeper.
The old bnly, notwithstanding her prejudices against
Alfred Graham, who had leased her sadly when a boy,
found the youth who now chatted to her with easy
familiarity, so affable und kind that she soon more than
half went over to the turncoats, as she called those who
had already contrasted the characters ofthe two cousins,
to tho disparagement of the young lord.
She was presently pouring into his attentive ear all
her hopes and fears respecting her beloved young lord,
and heard with tears of joy Alfred's assurance that St.
Clair would never think of marrying a foreign lady and
living abroad, which was her constant fear, but after
his two years' tour it was Ills intention to look out for a
sweet English wife, and settle down at the old Court.
One thing the poor old soul mortally dreaded, it was
that the young earl should be caught by the baby-face
of Angelina Fitzmolton ; but at the same time she
avowed that little Sophy would make an excellent wife
for Alfred Graham, to whom she warmly recommended
Thus they sat chatting till the dinner-bell sounded,
when Alfred, shaking the good ihimc by the hand, ran
whistling up ihe staircase, leaving the old housekeeper
holding the door; and while her eyes yet followed his
graceful form, she sighed to think of the contrast his
warm-hearted manner presented to the reserve of her
still beloved young Lord St. Clair.
The two following days were spent by Henry Fitzmolton and Alfred Graham in fishing, and by Lord St.
Clair at the Grove, where he was always warmly received by the amiable lady, who, happening at that time
to be more than usually busy, was constrained to treat
him in the most friendly manner. His lordship accepted her apologies very graciously, and begged that his
presence might not interfere with her domestic duties.
Mrs. Fitzmolton was all gratitude and servility, entreating that " Angela, dear," would exert herself to entertain his lor hip, hoping that Lord St. Clair would not
find the morning long, or feel neglected by her absence
—and supposing that it was too high an honour for her
to aspire to the delightful privilege of seeing him at her
family dinner-table. But St. Clair was in a most condescending humor, for he accepted the invitation for the
evening, and spent the day in hanging over Angelina's
harp, whilst she touched its gulden chords and exerted
her vocal  powers lor his amusement; or when Mrs.
Fitzmolton proposed a drive to /. , and on the  plea
of business left her daughter under his protection, none
could discover any symptoms ol pride or weariness in
the manner with which he held tho beautiful girl upon
his arm, or in the lover-like glances and attentions he
bestowed upon her. Yet Alfred had urged him, with
all the eloquence he could command, to givo up a suit
whi.di could only end in disapoiutment and disgrace.
* * * * * *
The sweet bells of the village church welcomed in
the Sabbath morning, and crowds were seen—
unheeded,  or only responded toby him with a haughty-
frown, or cold, vacant stare.
Alfred slipped ont as unnoticed ns he had entered,
and after glancing eagerly around the churchyard
strode quickly forward in an opposite direction, anxious,
apparently, to. overtake the wearer of a little brown
bonnet,  who was just vanishing through the turnstile.
"Sopliy I" be exclaimed, on coming up to her, "how
fast you do walk ; I am almost out of breath with chasing you so far."
" How could I suppose you were following me, when
I made Henry stay at home on purpose to entertain you?
Besides, 1 did not think you were at church, for I looked across two or three times to try to see you."
" Then you bad not forgotten mc, Sopliy ?"
"No, indeed! it is so-vcry-lVw wlw -ta'i*-2ay-Ba.ln*.e
of me. that I am not very likely to forget those who do ;
but I could harly hope to bo remembered, for you have
not been near us for two whole days."
I will spend this one
his hiindi
-I I'm
stand at the open door with the handle ii
and then commenced,  "I'm going!" I'm goiuj
° The others in their turn, opened a lire of words upon
him asking all sorts of absurd questions about his
health, his shop, the weather, what he meant by standing there like a fool, and so on.
Finding this of no avail, they rang the bell for the
landlord, who not being on the scent, stared with open
mouthed astonishment at the crazy barber. " Landlord i" thev exclaimed, this man is mad I Have you
ever seen him in this way before ? " Not to my knowledge gentlemen." Then turning to the barber, he
endeavored to coax him homo, but Sam still continued
his "I'mgoing! I'm going! I'm going!"
"Better send for his  wife, poor fellow!    said the
"considerate" friends, and let her take charge of him.
Off went  the  landlord  and soon  returned,
with him, not onlv tho wife but nearly the
the parish, who soon found out that something out of
whole ol
AVell, then, to make up for it, I will spend this one  the parish, who soon found out that somethic
entirely with  vou.   Let me accompany you in yonr the common was the matter.   Wo must spare the leei-
walk ;" and be drew her hand within his arm. . ings of the poor wife on observing the condition ol
"My walk is limited to yonder cottage," replied her husband, and pass over the recital oi ucr sobs and
lo not enquire what made me wish so hysterics, ot her tears and entreaties.    'Oh, u
The truth is, she continued, | oh dear I do conic home, Sam, do conic 1
without wailing for his answer, "that I have for a long
time deplored the fate of our poor village children, who
were growing up ignorant alike of all moral and rcligous
duties.   The nearest school is three miles distant, which
llu-y   could  not,   without  great  expense  and  inconvenience, attend.    In my  anxiety  for their  welfare, I
applied to Air. Dynevor, who told me that he  also had
seen and sought to remedy the evil, but his applications
; "but you it
to see vou again.
poor Sum with (he dread of losing his sovereigns,
which glittered before his eyes on the table, was deal
to her entreaties, and showed no symptoms of quitting
his posl, but still continued repeating, "I'm going!
I'm going!" casting at the same time melancholy and
reproachful glances at his tormentors, who appeared tu
enjoy tho fun immensely.
At length, ihe hour being nearly up, and Sum man-
to the gentry had been of no avail—not one solitary I fully adhering Iu his "I'm going! I'm going!" his
individual, rich or liberal enough, could be found to entertainers suggested to the landlord, the propriety of
join him in the gooil work he had meditated—so, of clearing the house of the villagers, und leaving Sam
course lhc„whole'thing had been abandoned in despair, i to the care of his wife, " Perhaps," they added, " she
Well, not to weary you with the many schemes which can manage him better by herself!" "We will go
successively engaged our thoughts, it shall sullico to away too," they said; and taking up the stakes, as they
say that Air. Dynevor agreed to find Iho books ; an old could not puss through the door, they proceeded to gel
friend of mine, the room; and I, what little time I could out by the open window.--. The barber, seeing them
..jj^'o.t.o_lo..theij.'..inslruction. The result has answered and tlio stakes departing, fur the moment for
our expectation^ and nio're than repaid iiie'fuTihe pains wager,   and   thinking- he   had  ssiltt-.tbo. hjst
____,      *-* 3Bn» (iw»\ (die Valley, am. some 1'roi
■ bw,
Some from the siVte of the murmuring rill,
Some from the cottage, and sonic from the hall,
Yet all obeying the general call ;
Coming from many a different abode,
Yet all approaching the house of God.
St.   Cluir  and his cousin were, of course, nninn'r the
number  who were to  be seen winding their way  up
the slight aclivity, when suddenly the former hurried
forward, and in another moment he was  between .Mrs.
and Miss Fitzmolion, proudly conducting them towards
his family pew.   Alfred loitered on behind, seemingly
unwilling  lo proceed; but on the stopping of the bell
he quickened his pace, and entering at the little chancel
door, seated himself bcido the altar railing, in such a
position  that his cousin's pew, ns well as  that of the
Fitzmoltous, was entirely out of sight.
On the conclusion of the service, the tenantry and
villagers immediately left the church, and according to
their country custom, ranged themselves on cither side
the gravel walk, in readiness to move their hats or drop
curtsies to their beloved young lord ; whilst some, a
grade too high for such humiliating homage, dispersed
themselves in knots about the churchyard, to talk over
St. Clair's looks and conduct, and to speculate upon bis
marked attentions to Miss Fitzmolton, whose more than
usually elaborate trappings and change of place had
attracted the observation and censure of them nil.
At length St. Clair appeared with Angelina hanging
on his arm ; and so absorbed was he in uttering soft
renteuccs to her, that the reverential bows and kindly
greetings showered from all sides upon him were totally
f have taken with the poor neglected children, who
really are desirous to learn, and are for the most part
of a teachable capacity. But alas I the time will soon
arrive when I must leave them: and unless I am so
fortunate as to interest you in their favor, they must
again fall back into the neglected state from which I
took them."
"Nnmcyour wishes, dear Sophy, and, if possible, they
shall be realised."
"Oh I my wishes arc impossible at present," replied
Sophy, gaily, delighted with the eager attention of her
companion ; "for I would wish to have a nice large
school-house built, aud regular teachc-s engaged to instruct the children daily ; but that cannot be even hoped
for until Lord St. Clair comes of age."
"I don't see that at all," interrupted Alfred ; "his guardian is very liberal and benevolent—at all events he
shall be spoken to upon the subject; but as the building will take some time erecting, don't you think that
those two vacant cottages which you were pointing out
the other day would answer the purpose for the time?"
"Indeed I do I But where are the funds to come from,
my good sir?"
'"Out of the St. Clair coffers, to be sure 1" exclaimed
'■AVell! you are very liberal with other people's money.
Pray may I enquire what you intend contributing yourself?" asked Sophy laughingly.
He joined right heartily in her merriment, as he replied,
'•Oh I when I step into Mr. Dynevor's shoes, I will
follow his example, and bestow my blessing and books
on the establisment I But how in the world came you
to think of applying to mc? AVhy have you not pleaded
your cause unto Si. Clair?"
"AVell, I did think of it, and before he camel had
made up my mind to do it, but he looked so stern, so
haughty and forbidding, that I could not summon
courage to address him; and all at once the thought
came into my head that you, whose future life would
be intimately linked with the immortal welfare of those
very children, might be prevailed upon to make an
effort for them now."
"Well then, having promised to exert all my influence
with St. Clair and Sir Alexandor for the advancement
of your views, I hope you will allow that I approach
nearer your ideas of what a clergyman ought to be?"
"No, indeed ! I always think a clergyman should be
full fifty years old, of grave [demeanour and calm impressive features ; gray hair is indispensable, as it adds
so much to the sanctitiy of his appearance."
"And his wife?" asked Alfred, laughing.
"I am not quite sure thnt I could allow him a wife,
at least not without lessening his dignity in my estimation."
'•But St. Paul advocates marriage for a minister ; and
I have heard, more than once, what an exemplary parson's wife Miss. Sophy Fitzmolton would make 1"
"That is Mr. Dynevor's nonsense," exclaimed Sopliy,
blushing, "and not at all according to my notions, I do
assure, yon, for I think a clergyman's wife should be a
pale, thin, mild-looking woman, in a close crimped cap
and sad-colored gown."
They had now reached the school-bouse, and Sophy,
having examined her pupils, und heard them sing a
hymn, the bell again began to chime for prayers, and
they returned to the church. On their way, Sopliy informed Alfred that she was about to leave home, in
order to reside with an aunt, and promised to tell him
all about it after they came out of church.
(to be continued.)
San Judbcrry wns the barber of the village—a
jovial, rollicking, free-and-easy sort of a chap,—free in
his manners, and easy in his shaving, ns his Saturday
night customers could testify. Sam, too, was a licensed talker, nnd used to charm tho cars of his admiring
audience in the stories of sport engaged in,—of races
won, and of the wonderful terriers unit forrits he had
possessed, and so forth. These little, accomplishments
rendered Sam deservedly a favorite in the village.
There was a charm in his conversation. It was unlike
that of your regular professional barbers who, knowing ho has the advantage of you, throws your red beard
in your teeth, and makes light of your ''bald head"
and " tainted hair," dilating upon your misfortunes
with a degree of satisfaction and delight peculiar to
the " sud-dy" brotherhood. Sum was not one of this
sort. A'our hair and beard wero safe in his bauds. Ho
would preserve ns profound a secrecy touching their
condition as a medical man would of his patients
ailments. This, together wilh his good looks ami
.planning._1luajiJi.''j*f»J-_nid vanquished the female heart,
and Sam, m conseqnwlw, the exclusive privilege?
of cutting and curling the ladies and children for miles
Being, as wc said, ofa sporting turn, Sum by universal acclaim, was chosen as general referee in all mutters thereunto pertaining, and was regarded by his
devoted admirers as almost infallible. He was never
known to fail in the accomplishment of nny feat or
trick he undertook—"but once," and that happened as
A party of under graduates, from the University of
Oxbridge, came down one long vacation to Sam's village on a "reading" tour. Of course it was not long
before they made the acquaintance of so great a celebrity as Sam, who soon became as welcome at their
" rooms" as any customer was at his own barber's
shop. One evening, their stock of tricks and jokes being used up, and having thoroughly exhausted the
narrative of his respective feats and exploits, a novel was suggested by one of the party, who
said he had seen it attempted, but never accomplished.
The trick was this: A person was to stand at the open
door, and holding the handle in his hand, keep repeating for an hour, without variation or stoppage, the
words " I'm going." Tho rest of the company were to
endeavor to interrupt him, by talking to him, asking
him questions, in fact, they might do anything they
liked, to divest his attention, but tench him. Sam
thought the affair simple enough and offered to bet five
sovereigns on his success. The -vager was accepter).
and the stakes placed upon the table.   Sam took his
money, hurriedly exclaimed, " No, no, gentlemen, come
now, that's not fair I" The scene which followed can
hardly be described. The noise and laughter that ensued had better be left to the render's imagination.
This only wo need add. that Sam's slakes were forfeited
—though wc afterwards learned they were returned to
him, and he was obliged to confess that for once in his
lite, ho was ''.done."
Established in   18'IG*.
Incorporated by Royal Charter in 1840.
CAPITAL £1,000,000.
Henry Barnewall, Esq.
Thomas II. Brooking, Esq.
Robert Carter, Esq.
AVilliam Chapman, Esq.
William R. Chapman, Esq.
James John Cummins, Esq.
John Bloxam Elin, Esq.
Oliver Farrer, Esq.
Alex. Gillespie. Esq.
Sir A. Pellet Green, R. N
Francis  Le Breton,  Esq.
John Ranking, Esq.
Charles M'.Xab, Esq.
The Bank of England,
Messrs. Glyn, Mills k Co.
General .Manager, Thomas Puton, Esq.
Quebec, Canada. | Dundas, Canada.
| Braxtfoud,    do
I London,        do
| St. Johns, New Brunswick.,
I Halifax, Nova Scotia, and
I A'ictoria, A'. I.
Messrs. R. C. Fcrgusson, F. 11. Grain, k C. F. Smith
"29 AVilliam Street.
Temporary Offices,  Government Street.
Gold Dust and Bills of Exchange Purchased.
New York,
San Francisco,
New Brunswick,
Nova Scotia, anil
On the Branches of the Provincial Bank of Ireland,
and the National Bank of Scotland.
$£$* Office hours—10 a. m. to 3 p. m.; and Saturday
10 a. m. to 1 p.m.
olO-lm F. AV. AVOOI), Manager.
DICKSON,   CAMPBELL k Co., corner   wharf and
Johnson streets—
Brandy, 35 hhds Martell, Alarett's and Imperial ;
Do    200 cases Imperial;
Do     100 ditto Cognac ;
Rum, 25 } csks fine old Jamaica;
whisky, 2 puncheons Irish:
Sherry, 3-1 ,j csks medium and superior;
Port, 28 }     do do
Do 2M do   do fair;
10 cases, a choice article;
Champagne, 65 cases qt3 and pts ;
Claret, 100 cases ;
Alo, 2 j hhds Bass No. .1, new brew ;
Do Burton Brewery Co., and Morice Cox k Co.
in bottles;
Porter, Morice Cox k Co., do.
HE UNDERSIGNED, has just received dirccl from
England, u large assortment of Hardware, comprising:
Double barrel'd Guns;
Similes, Shovels, and Picks ;
Horse-shoes and Horse-shoe Nails;
Smiths' Tools;
Rakes, Hoes and Forks;
Fry Pans;
Tin Ware;
Rim Locks,
Household Bellows;
And a variety of other Hardware; which
trailers ut less than Sun Francisco prices.
.- JiS-ftil'or T_rndcrs. will do.well to cxwainc 11
before purchasing goods below.
ul-3m Government Street.
e olfers lo
e stock
HARDWARE.—Builders', Agricultural, aud General
Joliiisuu slreet.
A'ates street,
Third door above Freeman k Co.'s Express Victoria, V. I.
■<■•*■ description, promptly und faithfully made, aud
returns given within six hours, in Burs or Coin, at the
option of the depositor. ADVANCES MADE ON
GOLD DUST FOR .MELTING. AVe would respectfully
solicit from .Aliners and Dealers their patronage.
As vouchors for the correctness of our Assays, wc
refer with permission to the following Bankers, who
for nearly three years have shipped liars Assayed by
us (in California.) to Europe and the Eastern Stales :
B. Davioson, San Francisco ; Satiier k Church, San
Francisco; Tallant k, do.; Abel Guy, do.;
Paiiuot & Co., do.; AVells, Faruo, k Co., do., and Freeman k Co.'s Express.
Also, by special permission, we refer to the Bank of
Brsh North America, in Victoria.
ul°-u' MARCIIAND, Jr., &C0.
Ex Latest Arrivals.
TAAfAfCA Rum, iu puncheons aud hogsheads.
McKenzie, & Co.'s superior Scotch Whiskey, in
Stewart & Co.'s superior Scotch Whiskey, in punchs.
Superior French Brandies, in qr. casks.
Byass, k Co.'.- Bottled Ale, in pints
Iud & Cope's Burton Ale, in qrts and pints.
Tooth's Bottled Ale in qrts.
Oregon Oder, iu cask and bottle.
Dull' Gordon's superior Pale Sherry.
Gonzales, do        do        do
Superior London Bottled Port AVine.
Bv the Undersigned,
Mats Bat'avia Rice,
ui) kegs Scotch Oatmeal.
2IH) casks superior Salt Beef,
Booksellers and Stationers,
EALERS in Standard, School, and Miscellaneou
Bonks. Novel.-.
Staple and Fancy Stationery,
Blank Books,
Gold Pens,  and line Pocket Cutlery,
Drawing and Photograph Paper,
Tracing Paper and Tracing Cloth,
Gift Books, and .Annuals.
Stationer's Hall, Yatcs-street,
October 25th, 1859. lm
C 11 E A P     F U E I. ! !
rpo enable families to supply themselves with  Fuel
or the approaching winter, wc shall, until further notice, sell the best
in quantities of one Ton and upwards at Twelve dollars
per ton of 2,210 pounds.
JOHN   T.   LITTLE   k   CO.,
Agent A'ictoria Coal Company.
A'ictoria, September 23, 1850. nl-lui
LANG-LET hotel.
\\7" AVINN'ARD, Proprietor. Fort Langley, British
\Y  .   Columbia.
The Proprietor of tin' Langley Hotel, having re-built
and enlarged his establishment, and furnished it so as
to afford First Class Accommodation to the travelling
public, respectfully solicits a continuance ofthe liberal
patronage hitherto bestowed on him. His table is always supplied with everything the market affords, and
served in the best style. Single rooms can always be
had. The sleeping apartments are furnished wilh
good beds. The best liquors will always bo found at
the Bar. Travellers passing up or down the river, may
always depend on finding the best accommodation at
the Lungley Hotel.
p-'i'y"Storage for merchandise on reasonable terms.
Fort Langley, 11. ('., Oct. 20, 1850. no-ltC
APEATT. Boot and Shoe Manufacturer and Lea-
.    ther Dealer,'Wharf street, next to British Colonist Office, A'ictoria, A*. I.
Ctistoin-Alade Boots nnd Shoes always on baud, of
Iho best description and warranted. Repairs done,
neat and durable. Ill
NO.   -19   ST.   JAMES,'   .STREET,
L 0 N D O N.
The lit. Hon. the Earl Talbot, K. G. Ac.
P.. B.    Cabbcll, Esq., . P., F. R. S., F. S. A.
Henry Powuall, Esq.
Sir Claude Scott, Burt.
Chairman.—Lieut Col, Lord A. Lennox.
Dep. Chairman.—T. C. Granger, Esq., Al. P.
John Ashhurner, Esq., Al. I).
T. 0. Biitiinl, Esq.
J. P. Bathurst, Esq.
Sir James Carmichael, Burt.
John Gardiner, Esq.
Charles Osborn, Esq.
Assurances granted un the lives of persons in every
station of life, und cvory part of the world, on peculiarly
favorable terms,
Every facility afforded to persons assuring the lives
of others, so as to render such policies effectual securities.
Persons proceeding beyond the limits of Europe may
effect assurances ou payment of moderate increased
Immediate annuities granted on liberal terms, affording great advantage to persons of limited income.
Deferred annuities may be purchased at rates which
secure, a return oi the whole or part of tho premiums
paid, in case the ago at which the annuity is to commence be not attained.
Also Endowments on AVidows and Children.
Loaii3 are granted, on approved security, to parlies
effecting assurances with the Company.
All the Company* BBgWJfeMWRS »(■••BAl.Wffcv*?''Ty
an ample subscribed and paid-up capital.
Prospectuses and the   necessary forms  of proposal,
with every information, may be obtained on application,
either personally or by letter, at the Company's olliccs.
ocl8-tc Secretary.
For particulars apply to E, II. Kino, A'ictoria.
PJARPENTER, Contractor, and Builder, corner o
*J lilaiichard and Kane-streets, near tho church, is
prepared to contract for or superintend the erection of
Brick Buildings, Frame Cottages, AVood and Brick Fire-
Proof Stores and Dwellings, &<_., all in the best style of
architecture and in Ihe cheapest and best workmanlike
A long experience in Europe and the United States,
and a perfect knowledge of his profession, nro a guarantee that any work entrusted lo him shall bo satisfactorily executed.
Plans, drawings, and specifications, made in every
style at the shortest notice ocll-iim
TOST on the Evening of Wednesday, the 26th, n
j dark leather Masonic Pocactbook, contain! ng
miles, accounts, kc. of no value except lo the own ei\
who will be much obliged if the finder will leave the
same at the ollice of the New Westminster Times.
Scrofula,   Rheumatism, .Stubborn  Ulcers,  Dyspepsia,  Salt
Rheum, Fever Sores, Erysipelas, Pimples, Ililes, Mercurial Diseases, Cutaneous Eruptions,  Liver   Complaint, Bronchitis, Female Complaints, Loss of
Appetite, General Debility, <tc.
A plentiful supply of pure Wood Is at essential to animal Ufa
u light, heat, ami gonial showers am to tlio vegetable kingdom.
When tlie proper circulation of tlio vital fluid la Impeded. Blck.
ness is tho Inevitable consequence, tlie secretions hccoiuo un.
healthy, iho liver becomes clogged with Impure bile, which
forced Into tho system, vitiates ami Inflames tho blood, engendering scrofula and cutaneous and biliary disorders.   The experience of sixteen years has fully established the high reputation
of this Invaluable, medicine!   ils curative powers have been
thoroughly tested In long-standing and olntiunto cases, with
such Invariable success as to call forth the most flattering com-
iiieiidutioiis from eminent physicians throughout the, ooantar,
Tho lollowing recommendation is from one of tho oldest piiysf.
clans in New London, Conn.
Messrs. A. B. A I). Bands : Gentlemen,—Tour Sarsniiarillj
has been very extensively used In this city and iho neighboring
towns, and so far as my Knowledge extends, uniformly with success. Iu a great variety of diseases of loin; standing, and ofa
very dlstros&Tng and dangerous character, which have resisted a
lone, list of remedial agonts, it has been usod—In many of them
with complete success, and In all with decided benefit It Is r.>-
gordod by tho medical profession as a medlutno of treat efficacy
In a numerous class of diseases, such us Inveterate constitutional
complaints, when the system has been long diseased; in eases of
lout; use or abuse of mercury! '" rheumatism of long standing;
In obstinate disean's oftho shin ; in enfeebled conditions of tlie
system ; in chronic abscesses, attended with profuse discharges:
diseases of the bones; obstinate ulcers; chronic pulmonary affections; enlarged glands, and various other maladies connected
with a depraved state ofthe system. lis use Is usually followed
wiih improvement of appetite and digestion, Increase of strength
and llesh, lienor rest at night, tho production of a more healthy
state of mind, and complete restoration to health.
Truly yours,        M'.VL STEI'NK, M. V.
Prepared and sold by ,\. It.  i!b I>. BANDS, Wnoletalt
Druggists, lini Fulton-street, corner of William, New York
For sale by DEW1TT. KITTLE .k Co, It. JOHNSON & Co
ami BEDINGTOS At Co.. San Francisco; HUE At COFFIN,
Marysville; It. 11. MoDONALD At Co., Sacramento; and by
Druggists generally.
lOtt THE ll'UE OK
Of all tho remedies yet discovered for such complaints, this la
ih,. most certain, and leaves no Injurious effects.
It makes a speedy and permanent cure, without the least restriction to iliel, drink, exposure, or change In application lo
business. Ono bottle is generally sufficient to euro an ordinary
case, which not unfreipiently disappears alter six or eight doses.
Prepared and sold by A. 11. A. I>. SANDS, Wholesale
Druggists, inn Fulton-street, corner of William. New York.
For sale by DEWITT, KITTLE A; Co., II. JOHNSON A Oo.,
and REDINQTON *t Co.. San Francisco; RlOE &■ COFFIN,
Marysville: R, 11 MoDoSALI) A, Co., Sacramento; aud by
Druggbta generally.
6<Tofula, Mercurial Diseases, Rheumatism, Cutaneous
Eruptions, Stubborn Ulcers, Liver Complaint, Dyspepsia, Bronchitis, Salt Rheum, Lumbago, White
Swellings, Hip Disease, Enlargement of the
Bones and Joints, Fever Sores, Female
Complaints. Erysipelas. LOM nf An-
petite, Pimples, Biles, General
Debility, &c., &c.
It boa b>n;; been a most Important <le-i(lerutuin in tlie practlc*
of medicine, to obtain a remedy similar to this, and accordingly
wc And it resorted to alumst universally In all tho.*) tormenting
diseases of the skin so trying to the patience, and Injurious to
the health.    It la a tonic, aperient, ami disinfectant    lt acts
il.nultnneoD.8ly upon tho stomach, the circulatiok, ami th*
aow.-.i.s, ..mi thus three processes, which are ordinarily the result
of three different kinds of medicine, are carried on ut the saois
timo through the Instrumentality of this one remedial agent
Its great merit is, that it meets and neutralist* the active prtn
clplo of disease Itself, nnd when that is gone, the symptoms necessarily disappear.  The rapidity witli which the patient rooQ*
irs health and strength under this triple Influence is surprising.
Lynn Cotnty, Oregon Tor,, March 11,1SW5.
Messrs. A. V>. A*, D. Bands, New York: Gentlemen,—In Hit
spring of 1S58, while cm our way from Indiana to this place, oar
eldest boy wns seized with a swelling and severe pains in tho
legs. whiVh day by day grew worse, until his legs contracted.
and because so" painful that he could not walk, and we had tn
cany him about like an infant. Wo readied Albany ou tlie 3d
of October, completely worn out by fatigue. By this time lis
was reduced to a perfect Fkeleton. Here we were enabled to
consult a physician (I>r. Hill), who honestly confessed he could
m>t euro him, although he could give him medicine that, would
relieve the pain. In this exigency something must bo done, or
death whs inevitable. Being recommended to try your Bar***
partita, I procured a bottle. After taking some, be appeared
worse; but persevering with It, \ obtained n second bottle,
which seemed to grapple with the disease, and caused a marked
Improvement: tbo swelling and pain in the legs were reduced*
his appetite improved, and Ids color began to return. Thus on-
conmged. I purchased a third bottle; while taking it, the swell*
lugs In bis legs broke, and some pieces of bone one-eighth of
an inch long came OUt, after which his legs straightened nnd
healed up. He is now perfectly recovered, baa no appearand
of being a cripple, and can perform most kinds of common labor,
as all our neighbors can certify.   Yours, respectfully,
Proparcd  and  sold by A. B. As D. SANDS, Wholesale
Druggists, 100 Fulton-street, corner of William, New York.
For sale by DEWITT. KITTLE & Co., H. JOHNSON ^ Co.,
and REDINOTON & Co., San Francisco; RIOJS & COFFIN
Marysville; H. II. McDONALD &. Co., Sacramento; and t>X
Druggists generally.
Tho dolicato filxucUiri) of tlie eyelt.l renders It peculiarly son
aitlve anil llnlilo to disease. When, from any cause, It becomes
affected, tho Inner membrane rapidly Inflames, and tho cyeliJ
evinces tho strongest predisposition to attract to lUolf burners
from nil parta of the body. Hundreds of persons of scrofulous
habit are dlsllgnred by rawness or redness of tlio eyelids, cuur'
monly called sore eyes, and tortured wilh approhenslons of lur*
paired vision, who, by using this BALSAM, may ob'.uln almost
immediate relict In all eases, the oarlier this remedy is nppli«u
tlio better.
NkwTohk, July 15th, 1850.
Messrs. A. 11. k T>, Sam>» : C.cnlU-mcn,—1 We been trouWet*
tin years wilh an affection of Iho i-ydlds, and have tried a number" of remedies without experiencing any decided benefit. *
few weeks sinco I oblnlncd some of yonr'Hornan Kyb Haw**
and applied II. according to the directions. Tho lirst nppllcatua
produced a decidedly beneficial ed'oct, and 1 had not used It •
t ,'ei'k, before my eyelids wero entirely tVoe from Inflainnistl i
vrhleli had not been tho case before for many yonr*.
YCQM, ic. O. 11. WILLIAMS, SlOU lluoABW    .
rrepnrcd and sold by A. "B. & D. SANDti, V.oioaal*
Druuglbts, 100 Fullon-slfeet, corner of William, Now Y'rk.
For sale by DEW ITT, KITTLK A. Co., H. .1 OilNS'jW £ Cg'
Mil Kl'DlNOTdN & Co.,8»n Francisco; UlOB 'i t)°FV?.
Mafyavitlo; It. II. MuDOMALK It Co., Sacram 'o; aud or
Druggists gonoraHf.
'riiili'il, fur Hie Priiiu-iftow, every TCBBDATf, W
liHnwuni McGi.niK, at Hip Office of tho "New «<■'*'*
minster Times," south side of Yatcs-strcet, Victor";
in tlie Colony of VajicOUYcr Jsliiucl,.


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