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The New Westminster Times Sep 17, 1859

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Array No. L]
[QUARTERLY (IN ADVANCE), .108,]
VICTORIA, SATURDAY, &K£TEMBER 17, 1859.
[Yearly (is advance), CI Gs.]
[Price Is.
r~
TUB HUDSON'S BAY COMPANY'S CHAUTER IN
THE BOUSE OF L'ORDS:
licence of th<
been granted
according to the  vessel's tognngc, her larg
uiisou a iSay  <Jumji;tiiy,  which,  Saving
)inc  42 years ago, expired last May.
'Sow, he differed from the noble earl in one point, because he rejoiced that the question had been left Open
until now, and that the company did not accept cither
j of the offers of the right lion, baronet, though those offers
were, no doubt, made- after full consideration of the
I question, and with tfro best intentions as regarded flic ... .    ,
| company,  the inhabitants  of the district in question j strain, but the anchors have never drawn a single inch.
! and the "•eneral interest.-' of the empire,   lie rejoiced, ] On coming into possession of the vessel the now eom-
,    | ho\vever,nthat the company had not accepted the pro- I pany limughl thai incase of war, theOrem Rosternmight
I' the Government, during the present session, to fajco | pogal to extend the licence"either for one or two years. | prove an  invaluable  auxiliary  10 the  Government, if
-! —-—"—'--rHe wng thoroughly convinced that it was.better to notforMrtyihggtns.yrt^tilftmorceffpctivelyinninning
j settle the question now rather than suspend it for two I down the largest of the enemy's ships, which the im-
I years, for the rapid colonization induced by the gold I menso speed of the vessel would enable her to overtake
1 discoveries in Columbia rendered it very desirable that | with perfect ease.   For this purpose, therefore,  it was
In the House of Lords, on the 11th July, the following explanations were given respecting the intentions
of the (icA'cnrment in regard fo the renewal of the
Hudson's Hay Company's Charter :—
!T1k Karl of Carnarvon in ftsklug Hie Secretary
if !>tate for the Colonics whether it was the intention
must have been 25 tons each. By using TrofHjnn's
anchors, however, the same holding power is obtaihcd
with an anchor of seven jpns. There is ho doubX]
whatever but that none but Trotman's anchors could
have held her immovable at her present moorings
during the dreadful gales of last winter. The chain
cables  have  frequently parted  under the tremendous
K
ny slops in reference to the North American territories
over which hitherto the Hudson's Bay .Company had
held an exclusive licence of trade with the Indians,
.-■aid he would confine himself to that portion of the
great question with regard to the Hudson's Hay Coin-
iny which his notice indicated. The Hudson's Hay
territories might be divided into two parts, that which
Ihe company held.under  their  charter and that which
for year., they had governed Jiy reason of an exclusive j |md e.Vj,:rfta jn \jUy w nu thatremainjd.was to make
licence to trade.    In Wfl   an Act passed whic-U.cm- , <,,„.],  ,,,.„-;.;„., f,,V fne irovernmrihTW the country as
powered the Crown to  issue a licence to trade, and a' | NVus rendered necessary "by, the cessation of the corn-
ears was  granted to  the  company.    If-1 pany's .powers.    The noble earl 1    "
1838 it Wis  renewal for 21   years  more   """"'  *'    "
licence for 21 years was  granted to the company.    In
for 21   years   in
years expired in May of the present year.   Ilia rkjlijt
the Crown should at once decide respecting the rights
conferred'on the company in that district. It was not,
therefore, his intention to recommend the renewal of
the company's licence for any period whatever.    As it
iperiy
I pany's powers,    rue noWc carl had very pre
and those. 21 ] posted that in thal'ja^somc provision should lie ma
friend ('Sir B. I.ytton
for the regulation offlrndc mid the relations existinfe
r. when ut the head of the ; between the while  Peltiers and the Indians.    To carry
Colonial   Department,   gave  full  consideration   to  fhe    out that object   BOUlO legislation would be necessary
subject, mid came to the conclusion that it  was  !"«•- I •  ^™"
pedicut to renew lhc licence on the same terms.
;enernl  opinio!-,  of Canada,  was   equally   _D  ..
ctiewal of the licence. Under those circumstances the
licence was not renewed. Button the other hand it
v.is impossible to overlook the danger and H.-k of
illowing the govommont of large tracts of territory to
Imp without making some provision or substitution
jfor it, mid, therefore, hi.s rjghl hon. friend determined
o offer it renewal ol the licence to the Hudson's Bay
'"inpany for one year. The company declined that
ill'er. His righl hon. friend then offered a renewal for
years. The company declined that proposal also,
ml ill declining it. he considered they incurred a
lions responsibility. Bui he thought that his right
mi, friend was perfectly justified in not extending the
lice beyond two years, and that to extend it beyond
lat period was unnecessary and undesirable. It was
incccssary, because within I v. o years it was not unatonable to expect great changes on the whole
intincnt of British North America, that within that
ue some arrangement might bo made to secure n
nnsfer of the Bed River si ttlement to the Government
the Crown, and that the stimulus ol freqiienl com-
unication between British Columbia and the Red
iver might lead to a greal extension" of colonization,
was undesirable, on the broad and general ground
at all such monopolies were objectionable. He could
iderstand that on public grounds it might be desira-
e to grant such a'uionopoly, and no doubt the licence
is first given under very exceptional circumstances,
was about the time when British North America was
covering from the feuds between the North Western
id the Hudson's Hay Company. Blood had been spilt,
itched battles had been fought, and it was evident
it on any terms peace and tranquillity must be re-
u'eil. In the next place, the administration of those
rritories could not be brought into communication
,ili the colonial system', and geographically it was
must impossible to place theui under the jurisdiction
Canada, lie quite admitted that the circumstances
id the time justified the grant of tho licence; but he
n,elided that circumstances were entirety cmttfjftffl', '
nl that, as it was not absolutely necessary, the Gov-
imient ought not to grant a monopoly which was
iitrary to the spirit of English law. There was. !
never, no doubt, as had been shown by the evidence .
hicli had been taken before a committee of the other ■
iilSC of Parliament, that the Indian tribes were to a j
at extent indebted to the Hudson's Bay Company j
■ almost all the necessaries of existence. In making I
B' change, therefore, in the system which at present
vailed in the territory under the control of the coin-
y, it would be necessary lo proceed with a due
nl to the position and requirements of the native
ibilants. He thought it was desirable that that
itory should, as far as possible bo colonized, and he
i ved il would he found that most of the southern
lions of it were well adapted for the purpose,
en colonization to anj extent had taken place; some i
visional authority might be established in the conn- :
to whose  decision the disputes which might arise j
eeided to  strengthen still more her sharp  powerful
bows by laying dou a three complete iron decks forward
extending from the bows backward for 120 feet.   These
decks are entirely completed.,   They cover 8,000 square
i feet, and afford stowage for ILtoO tons of cargo space.
! They will not, howevcr.be used fur this purpose, bill for
j accommodating the crew of :'.00 or 100 men.    With this
i large increase of Btrength forward the Great Eastern
steaming full   power,  could   cut  in  two  the   largest
wooden linc-of-battle ship th it ever  Boated.    Of the
; other part-: of the ironwork which were contracted for
i at least three quarters are already finished.    The wood-
ual rapidity. All
uid be required for the settle- j these litlings are made on shove by mean- of powerful
i the administration of the law in | machinery, and come on hoard ready to be at once
civil and ordinary cases, and he proposed, either in fixod^n theii places.' W'-faen $o say that the deliveries
tins or the other lipase of Parliament, in the course of j of these prepared materials prior to Up: lsl of Juno
a very few days, to introduce a measure for the ap- included "42,000 feet of T)cading8, 44,000 fectof niould-
jibintmenf of such magistrates; It would not betaoocs- i mgs, 40,000 feet of prepared planking, 15,000 foot ot
sary. he apprehended, al any rate in the first instance, i matched battens—which, if laid on end, would extend
logo to any expense in this mailer in sending out -nearly 30 miles,—our readers will have a fair idea, ol
magistrates from Ijpgland. The better cour.se wjpuld | V,lc work now going on. Everything connected with
he to select the most r
»»ex- | hut it need not be legislation of any very complicated j work, is getting on with almost
The | kind.     Magistrates would be roaulrcd for the settle- | these fittings are made on shorn by
nil  opinion  of this country,  and he  believed the |
ROLES AND REGULATIONS   FOK THE WoltKlXO
OF GOLD .MINKS IN BRITISH COLUMBIA.
Issued in conformity with the Gold Fields Act, 1850.
NL In the
Regulations,
I'cpUg
ernor,
shall bat
Act, 185X
every  mine
ment of dispute
and 'most competent
inhabitants of the district, lie '.bought it would be
ii'' .■ sary, al.-o, to enable Her Majesty to make rules for
regulating the trade with the Indians, and protecting
those unhappy people) v. ho were being pressed back
step by step by the progress of civilization. This
arose from the cessation of the exclusive righl" of the
lluits,	
bv nrivnie trailers  in  n»»i,  .,,.  i,.,.;.. ,jn their own
lat lay upon
1 the vessel i.s on a gigantic scAIcf Thus u requires more
j than six tons of paint to give one coat in the interior
iron works, and nearly eight tun-'to givo one coat to
! the outside from the water-line" to the bulwarks.    When
completely rigged she will ha,vc six masts—one fore-
! staysail mast of wood, three rriainmasts (square-rigged)
! of iron, one mizenmast of wood, and one jiggormast
ni's Bay Company, and  thepowcr now" possessed | (t'<0 last,) also of wood.    The three wooden masts are
account
that'
e  traitors
free from
lo carry on trade
the responsibilities l ^^^
company. (Hear.) In the course of the noble
earl's speech he asked a question as to the encouragement that was. to be given to the extension of colonization in the more southerly parts of the Hudson's Bay
licfehsod territory, and ateo-of-the Hudson's Bay territory on this side of the Rocky .Mountain,'. He did not j J'MtlS, and gaffs
think that it was r,„. the Colonial-office ol litis country I ftnd width, straw
to take any decisive step in favor ot civilization. All
they could do was to take care that no impedimenta
should be thrown in tho way of those who wished to
prohlote schemcsofcoionrzali.nl. (llenr.) He agreed
with the noble earl that a matter of great importance
was the establishment of communication between the
boundaries of Canada on the one side mid tho boundaries of Vancouver's Island on the other. He was
aware that a scheme had been brought forward for
constructing n railroad across the continent. He must
say that he did not look upon such a scheme as being
at all a visionary one, but he did not think that as yet
any plan had been produced of such a character as
ought to be taken up. He was aware of a minor
scheme to carry posts across the continent by means of
| the lakes, and along the line indicated by the noble
earl ; and lie would be most anxious to give every
encouragement to any scheme that war-likely to effect
' such an object.     II
i extension of tho postal
: not say that ii was the intention of the Government to I
; take up any scheme yet  proposed for extending the
j communication across the North American continent.
At the same time ho thought this  was a matter   of
great national importance, and therefore it  would do
his  duty  to  give to it every attention in his   power
(Hear, hear.")
 n	
ilrcady placed, and almost entirely rigged j the iro
: ones will be so shortly. The &ast mast is a single tree
! (Canada pine) about 130 fcetjhigh, and proportionally
■ thick. A finer mast never left Mr. Ferguson's yard,
; though he enjoys the reputation of making the best
! and strongest masts in the Wtrld. The foremast is a
I built mast, as is also the niizeii, but all the topmasts,
re stn"lo sticks, of immense length
  as arrows, and free from knots or
sap. The cabins, as far as they have been yet fitted,
arc amply spacious when compared with the accommodation offered by other vessels. The berths are very
ingeniously made to fold Hat against the. wall during
the day, and so give much increase of room for any
wha.may choose to use their cabins as sitting-rooms.
Both paddle and screw engines are almost completely
finished, and tho former have already been turned by
hand, and will be turned by steam by way of trial in
the course of a fortnight or so. It is quite, impossible
by mere description to give any adequate notion of the
colossal proportions of both' these sets of engines.
The paddle engines consist .of four oscillating cylinders, of 71 inches diameter, an d 11 feet stroke; each
pair of cylinders with its c'fatik, condenser, and air
pump, forms in itself n eoffipfete and separate engine.
Capable of easy discon^:-.-iolt'f;-.,a the other three, so
that the  whole is a combination of four engines.    A
did not contemplate at present any j JHctioii clutch connecting the two cranks is the means
subsidies, however, and could j °r,T,UlcI
THE CHEAT HASTE UN.
Several weeks have elapsed since we recorded the
arrangements which had been entered into for completing this noble vessel for sea. In this interval much of
the work which had (hen been contracted for has been
ueh great and important progress has been
id
ah uld ' mftd° with the most difficult portions of her equipment, ! Each set has about 8.000 square feet of tube surface,
felt of the vessel   not
Iween the various classes of the community might I do
referred, and which,  while it dealt with the minor j
i'lices which   might call  for adjudication, should i
nit those of greater magnitude to some one of the j that not the least doubt  is  now
jliboring   colonies   I
L'istratcs   who,   cxorci     _ __™^^^_ __^_^^
'formed  by  British vice-consuls  in the East, would ! highest praise to the energy and skill with which lhc
niiiister easy justice—would, ho thought, be found a   directors of the new company have exerted themselves,
h the engines can bo connected or disconnected
All the sets of engines, both screw, paddles and auxiliary, are provided with governors, expansion, and
throttle valves. The paddle engines will work up to
an indicated power of 33,000 horses of 22,0001b., when
j working 11 strokes per minute with steam in the boiler
: at 151b., tho expansion valve cutting off at one-third of
the stroke. All the parts, .however, are so constructed
that they Will work smoothly either at eight strokes
per minute, at 251b. wilhoi t expansion (beyond what is
unavoidably effected in the slides), or at 10 stroked a
minute with the expansion valve cutting off at one-
quarter of the stroke. Under the latter circumstances
tho paddle engines alone would give an indicated
power of 5,000 horses. The boilers are immensely
strong, and have been tested to double the pressure
they are required to bear. Their weight, including
donkey engine, pumps, funnels, &c.,-is 210 tons, and
they are  capable of containing  150  tons  of water.
ir  trial.    The appointment of I only being finished in time, but being well at sea before
lisillE   functions   such as   were ! the end of .September.    Saying thisijiuch is irjviurr the
. le and inexpensive mode of meeting the wauls of
colonists in that respect, and might without ditli-
t'ly be adapted to the varying circumstances and
iuirenicnts of the different settlements. To the
Section that lhc climate of lhc territory in question \ desolal
s such as to render colonization impossible, he could
y -ay that iii accordance with the testimi <• which
I been   adduced   before   the  committee of Other
use of Parliament such did not appear to bo the
to, while it was admitted that mnny portions of the
itrv which extended from the Bed River settlement
the base of the Rocky Mountains were fruitful and
■ 1 watered. The same reasons which were now
anccd against the colonization of tho Hudson's Bay
"itory had at one time been relied upon in opposition
the establishment of European settlements in British
lumbia, yet it was well known that the latter at the
-cut moment contained a most prosperous connnu-
Thcrc was also another point, lo which he.
lied to call the ntlention of the noble duke opposite,
was convinced that the Minister who allowed the
at tide of emigration to roll westward without
inpting to set ii)i some balance in cur own territory,
uld incur a very great responsibility. He would
e therefore on the noble duke, with this object, the
ossify of opening up a line of communication bo-
en Canada and British Columbia ; the establishment
■olonies, however small, which might vindicate our
1 lo undisputed sovereignty on the northern side of
boundary ; and in the meantime the formation of
■ovisiona! system of government, and the appoinl-
it as soon us possible of magistrates lo administer
ec there.
ue |)uko of  Nkwcasti.i: recognized,   to tho lull
ut, the importance of this subject, affecting, as it
the I'ulptionship of tho Hudson's Bay Company
irds the whole, of that Irac.l of country lying he'll tho boundaries of Upper Canada on the one side
the Pacific Ocean on the other: and, having paid
adorable attention to the subject for many your
. he was able, though he had so lately assumed the
■ of olllce, to answer decisively the question which
been put lo him, without any fear of doing iu-
ico lo the company ami to the important interests
Ived. It was now', he believed, at leastl'.! years
e, as a private member, ho brought the whole qitos-
hefore the House of Commons, The noble earl
travelled beyond the limits of what, was called the
ami it augurs well for I he general success of their future plans that the first mid most difficult undertaking
if all will he accomplished within the appointed time.
lusive of Hue or furnace, and about 100 square feet
of lire-bar surface. Each is equal to supply freely
with moderate firing steam for an indicator of 1,800-,
horse power when -working with 151b.; but with full
firing can supply frec/y for an indicator of 2,alJ0-hor.ie
power. The fire-places and ash-pits arc fitted so as to
be well adapted for the use of anthracite coal.
The  screw  enffincs   are  constructed  on   the  same
Scarcely  two  months ago and the grea't shipwas as I Improved  principles.    They have   4  cylinders of  81
a wreck, and with apparently as little
chance of ever going lo sea. Now the funnels are up;
three masts are in and rigged ; the paddle-boxes are
in; the engines nearly finished; bulwarks and decks
complete; and a whole army of workmen are busily
engaged gelling forward her internal fittings. Such an
amount of progress, when judged by other ships, may
appear to be no great matter, but when we reflect a
moment on the details, and find that the deck alone requires IS miles of live-inch planking to cover it, that
the paddle-boxes are of rolled iron, that each contains
24,000 cubic feet, mid is equal in size to a vessel of cot)
tons, we begin to see that in point of labor some really
astounding progress has been made.
When tenders for finishing the vessel were first called
for, in March last, the directors were dissatisfied with
all, mid therefore concluded an agreement with Mr,
Scott Russell on the Jill of April,  leaving it to that
gentleman to finish tho ship upon his own plans, and to , -   —-  —. -     ,.
lit her in every respect for sea as a first-class vessel, j water into instead of ballast, and as the webs subdivi-
The contract was for £125,000, to be complotod on the j ding the.-o are made perfectly water-tight, any one or
•lib of September, with a .'premium of £1,000 a week | any number can ho filled at  pleasure.   _'J he trial trip
for curl in
for each com]:
This agreement includes the masts, sails, rigging,
blocks, bouts, cables, engines, boilers, ironwork, and
woodwork, with suitable accommodation for .loo first-
iuclies diameter and 4 feet" stroke. The cylinders are
capable of being worked together or separately. A\ hen
working'45 strokes a minute, with steam on at 151b.
and cutting off at one third of the stroke, these
engines give an indicated power of 4,400 horses, but al
55 strokes a minute, steam on at 251b., and cutting off
at one-quarter of the stroke, the power will reach to
0,500 horses. Thus the united efforts of both screw
and paddle engines will drive the immense vessel
through the water with a power of no less than 12,000
horses. What fleet could stand in the way ol such a
mass, weighing some 3(>,0U0 tons, and driven through
the water by 12,000-horso power at tho rate of 22 or
23 miles an hour? The screw engine boilers are m
three distinct sets. Their weight is iiti'i tons, mid their
capacity for water 270 tons. The probable consumption of'coal when both emrincs are at full work will
average 250 tons per day. The cellular compartments
at the  bottom of the  ship  will bo  used for pumping
riuc.inuT,   wiiii   a   oreiiiniiii   01   .1.1,1100   a   WCCK I '"V    lluuiuv'   v,,u "u   ""*-""«"    l"*"""""   "     i"',- „*„... \", .^
or completion, and a penaltv of XHi.tam a week   will probably lake  place  about the  end ot.nextbep-
coinplele seven  days beyond the allotted time. | tomber.    No destination for this run has yet been fixed,
•100 second-class passengers:    Of COtirS1
0   extensive   is not.   nil  performed   b\
Mr.
1 territory, and had rather encroached  on thai
ion of  territory over which   the  Hudson's  Bay
fpany possessed or claimed proprietary, or quasi-
di.-tric!   held under the charter
otiutions were .-till ponding with
ee t.. th il cli
hon lor  not
portion  of his .subject.     As   n
'en the Uockv Mountain i and
led  t
I I v 1
rictary rights—tin
liarlu !!.' As noi
'ompanj in rol'orei
Id, perhaps, excu
class   and
contract   1
Iviissoll   hiinsulf,   but distributed   in  various branches
among different linns which he has been in the habit
of employing for his other ships.    Thus,  Messrs.   For.
guson, tho celebrated  vnasl-m ikers. Bupply the masts
and all the spars; Messrs. Westhorpo take' the rigging.
Messrs.  Hull, the sails and Messrs. (Yaec the   decora-
Brown, Lennox, .v. Go.  make tho Chain cables.
Wood supply Trotman's anchors, and Messrs.
and  l'01'iesi. the leiats.    Watt & Co. finish the
mgillOS, and Mr. Russell  the paddle engines, and
remaining iron and wood work.    Some of those
.-ions include work enough to bo really rm\-
113 cxlonsivo eontraeis.    Thus  the rigging will
blocks an.! no loss than 70 ions of hemp
n  Ions  of mixed  wire  and hemp  for th
ling rigging,    Her sails will consume nearly 12,000
I'C yards of canvass.)  she is  to have   20 boats lilted
masts and sails complete, exclusive ol' tho two
each  of which is lo  he lo I foi i
i •"'"•"■
i lions ;
Mess,'.
Wool!
screw
sidorod as c
require   lino
ropo, with i
mc
stun
.- |'i-
W i, 11
, but   we  would  advise the directors, if  they  wish  tii
j niaiiitiiin   the  great  reputation  the  ship   has  already
achieved  with the public,   not to let this matter be
overlooked.    A mere experimental cruise and a. trial  ol
:her   different   rates  of speed   will  UOl   ehve  lhc public
I such implicit confidence"in the uurlvalloa cap,.,,,\ „:
tin- Bhipnsifsho ran botwoen two givon points—say,
j from Portland to Gibraltar and back.   On such a trip
. tllOt'O  could   be   no   mistake  whatever as to her  rate ol
spoad, which we firmly believe will surpass even the
nine expectations that havcyel been formed,
lions which   have  been  urged  againsl   this
el arc precisely Ihe'same sort ft? tlinsa-which
advanced against improvements of every
In t  railways, .-team machinery, iron ships,
What would nol  have  been  said  20
t building 'null v.   sola as the Himalaya
what, in laei, wa i not predicted against
iil ?    The l lie,'I   Eastern is, lo
class, and the results which
!Cd we believe will revolution;
marine.    Both as " commer-
nu eniiinoering  triumph   her
heei
nips.
havi
kirn
and   ^^—
yoars ago ;
or the I'd
them when   Ihej were   In
he the  Himalaya of her
lttnined by her up
v, hide mercantile
d ns
wi
la
ill In
Hi
eui'i
,1.1.,
VI.
tier,
allowing him into
the tcrrilot j I;, Injj
ho  Pneili,   OceftU,
u bother he (the Duke ol
ivennuoilt lo renew; tin
lo
11 111
nail  s
llg     \'\
irso pi
I horns
i'(
steamers
vide, of
is
;ii mo
low.'c
0 tons  measurenien
She is to nvvy upward.- of :
■liaiu cables, all ot the most n
ler anchors uro'lU in number, r.i
even ions (the largest), Had
Admiralty anchors, aridhad th
of requiring a certain  weight
do-
, and
thoii.-
is.-ive
gun:- from
.-he    be, II
uld rules
if anchor
rial
SlK'CI
man. in
likely'|„ 1
is not far
one of a
alone  tin
latum ai
now nn
ut of the
.• as lucratH
distant w ii
class ol' .-le
great ship
lotlhted, and   uin'e
;    new   company
tiie  eueif
•.phi
Tin
eat r.
highesl reward which e
can achieve.- •[London
nun's.
i due,
-Veil I
Time
I. iv
.._!! only be
and   Mr, Bruno1, to whom
wiTI .--co in sueh fruit - the
i- great -kill and intoipiUe
construction of the following Rules and
unless there be some contrariety, or
thereto in the context, the i\ ords'• Gov-
Coniniissioner,'' "Mine," "to mine,''
he same meanings n= in tho G»ld Fields
The expression '• Bar diggings'' shall mean
oveKwhich a river extends when in its
most flooded stati\\ :l Dry diggings,''' shall mean any
mine over which a Nver never extends. " Ravines"
shall include water courses whether usually containing
water or usually dry. '-^itch" shall include a lliiiuc
or nice, or other artificial inc\n3 for conducting water
by its own weight into or upon\v mine. " Hitch head''
shall mean the point in a naturoNwatcr course or lake,
where water is first taken into a diVli. And words in
the singular nmeber shall include tu\ plural, mid the
masculine gender shall include the femrmnc.
II. All claims are to be as nearly as\iiiay he, in
rectangular forms, and marked by four pegs at the
least, each peg to be four inches square at rhe least,
and one fool above the jurfuco, ami firmly lixcifS^i the
ground. No boundary peg shall be concenlocKor
moved, or injured, without the previous permission of
the Cold Commissioner.
III. The size of a claim, when not othorwiso established by a by-law, shall be, for bar diggings, a strip
of land-twenty-five feet wide at the mark to which the
river rises when Hooded, mid thence extending down
direct into the river indefinitely. For dry diggings, a
space twenty-five feet by thirty feet. For ravine diggings, :i space of twenty-five feet along the hank o
the ravine and extending up to the lop of each bank.
In quartz claims the size, when not otherwise established by by-law, shall he one hundred feet in
length, measured along the vein or seam, with
power to the miner to follow the vein or seam and
il l spurs, dips, and angles, any where on or below
the surface included between Hie two extremities
of such length of one hundred feet, but not to advance
upon or beneath the surface of the earth mere than
one hundred feet in a lateral direction from the main
vein or seam, along which the claim is to be measured.
All measurements of area are to be made on the surface of the earth, neglecting inequalities. Every claim
is to have a distinguishing number marked on its
boundary pegs.
IV. If any Free Miners, or party of Free Miners,
shall discover a new mine, and such discovery shall be
established to the satisfaction of the Gold Commissioner, the first discoverer or party of discoverers, if
nol, more than two in number, shall be entitled to a
claim double the established size of claims in the
nearest mine of the same description, (i.e. dry, bar, or
quartz diggings.) If such party consist of three men,
they shall collectively be entitled to live claims of the
established size, on such nearest mine, and if of four
or more men, such party shall be entitled to a chum
and a half per man. A new stratum of auriferous
earth or rock, situate in a locality where the claims are
abandoned, shall for this purpose be deemed a new
mine, although the same locality shall previously have
been worked at a different level. And dry diggings discovered in the neighbourhood of bar diggings shall be
deemed a  new mine, and vice versa.
V. The registration of claims shall he in such manner and form as the Cold Commissioner shall in any
locality direct, and shall include, besides tho matters
mentioned in the Gold Fields Act of 185*9, all such
oilier matters as the Gold Commissioner shall think fit
to include.
VI. No transfer of any claim or of any interest
therein, shall be enforceable, unless the same, or some
memorandum thereof, shall be in writing, signed by
the party sought to be,charged, or by his lawfully
authorized agent, and registered with the Cold Commissioner.
VII. Any person desiring any exclusive ditch or
water privilege, shall make application to the Cold
Commissioner having jurisdiction for the place where
the same shall bo situated, stating for the guidance of
the Commissioner in estimating lhc character of the
application, the name of every applicant, Ihe proposed
ditch head, and quantity of water, the proposed locality of distribution, mid if such water shall be for
sale, the price at which it is proposed to sell the same,
the general nature of the work to be done, and the
time within which such work shall be coniplclo; and
the Cold Commissioner shall enter a note of all such [
matters as of record.
VIII. Unless otherwise specially arranged, the rent to
be paid for any water privilege shall be in each month
one average day's receipts, from thesale (hereof, tobc
estimated by the Hold Commissioner With the assistance, if he shall so think fit, of a jury.
IX. If any person shall refuse or neglect- to take
within the time, mentioned in his application, or within
such  further time (if any) as the Cold Commissioner
may, in his discretion, think fit to grant for the completion of the ditch the whole of the water applied for,
lie shall,  at the end of the time mentioned in  his
application, bo deemed entitled only to the quantity j
actually taken  by  him,  and the  Gold Commissioner j
shall make such entry in the register as shall be proper
to mark such alteration in tho quantity, and may grant
the surplus to any other person according to the rules i
herein laid down for the granting of water privileges.     I
X. Evory ownor of a ditch or water  privilege shall j
"TieTiound to take all reasonable means tor utilizing iiie j
water granted to and taken by him. And if any such
owner shall wilfully lake and waste any unreasonable I
quantity of water, he shall be charged with the full rent as
if he had sold the same at a full price. And it shall be lawful for the Gold Commissioner, if such offonco he persisted in, to declare all rights to the water forfeited.
XI. It shall be lawful for the owner of any ditch
or water privilege to sell and distribute the water conveyed by him to such persons, mid on such terms as
they may deem advisable, within the limits mentioned
in their application, Provided always that the owner
of any ditch or water privilege shall be bound to supply water to all applicants, being Free Miners, lu a fair
proportion, and shall not demand more from one person
than from another, except when the difficulty of supply is enhanced. Provided furlher, that no person,
not being a Free Miner, shall be entitled to demand to
be supplied with water at nil.
y.M. A claim on any mine shall, until otherwise ordered by some valid by-law, be deemed lo be abandoned,
and open to the occupation of any Frc' Miner, w hen
Ihe same shall have remained uiiworked by some registered holder I hereof for the space of m-veuly -I wo hours,
unless in ease of sickness, or unless before IllO expiry
of such scveiily-lwo hours, a further extension o
time be granted bv the (iold Commissioner, who
may grant further time for enabling parlies to go
prospecting, or fur such other reasonable cause as
ho may think proper. Sundays, and such holidays as Ihe (Iold Commissioner may think lit to proclaim, are lo be omitted in reckoning the lime of non-
worMng.
Mil. Whenever il shall be intended, in forming or
upholding any ditch, to enter upon mid lo occupy any
pari of a registered claim, or lo dig or loosen any earth
or   rock   within   f! |   feel   of   any   ditch  nol belonging
solely io the ivalatercd owner of such claim, three days'
iioi'n e, in willing, of Biich intention, shall be given, before onloring or approaching within four feel of such
other property.
XIV. If the owner of Iho properly about lo be so
entered upon or approached shall consider three days'
notice insufficient for taking proper measures of pro-
caulioii, or if any dispute shall arise belween the par-
tics as to the proper precautionary measures to be
taken, or in any oilier respect, the whole matter shall
be immediately referred to the Cold Commissioner acting in the district, who A.i>l vi dm vnirtttterval of time
to be observed before entry, or make such other order
as he shall deem proper.
XV. In quartz claims and reefs each successive
claimant shall leave three feet tinWOfked to form tt boundary wall between his claim and that of the last previous claimant; and shall stake off his claim accordingly, not commencing at the boundary peg of the last
previous claim, but three feel further on ; and if any
person shall stake out his claim, disregarding this rule,
the Cold Commissioner shall have power to eoiue and
remove the first boundary peg of such wrong-doer
three feet further on, notwithstanding that other claims
may then be properly staked out beyond him : so that
such wrong-doer shall then have but ninety-seven feet.
And if such wrong-doer shall have commenced -work
immediately'at the boundary peg of the last previous
claim, the Cold Commissioner may remove his Boundary six feet further on than the open work of such
wrong-doer ; and all such open work, and also the
next three feet of such space of six feet shall belong
to and form part of the last previous claim, and the
residue of such space of six feet shall be left as a
boundary wall.
XVI. Every such boundary wall shall l>c deemed tho
joint properly of the owners of the two claims between
ivhich it. stands, mid may not be worked or injured,
snYo by Ihe consent of both such owners.
XVI I. In staking out plots of land for Free Miners
mid traders for gardening and residential purposes, under the powers in the said Cold Fields Act, 1H5U, contained, tho (.Iold Commissioner is to keep in view tho
general interests of nil the miners in that locality, the
general principle being that every garden benefits indirectly the whole locality, and also that the earlier application is lo be preferred ; but where the eligible
spots of hind are few, or of scanty dimensions, and
especially where they are themselves auriferous, it may
be injudicious that the whole or the greater part should
fall into the hands of one or two persons; and therefore, in such eases, the Cold Commissioner may. in tho
exorciso of his discretion, allot small plots only to each
applicant,
XVIII. Any person desiring to acquire any water
priv ilege shall be bound to respect the rights of parties
using the same water, at a point below the placo where
the person desiring such new privilege intends to tisc it.
XIX. Any person desiring to bridge across any
stream or claim or other place for any purpose or to
mine under or through any ditch or flume, or to carry
water through or over any bind already occupied by
any other person may be enabled to do so in propur
cases, with the sanction of the Gold Commissioner.
In all such cases tho right of the party first in possession whether of tho mine or of tho water privilege is to
prevail, so as to entitle him to full compensation and
indemnity. Hut wherever due compensation by indemnity can be given, mid is required, the Gold Commissioner may sanction the execution of such new work on
such terms as he shall think reasonable.
AS  TO  LEASES  IX LAltOKR PROPORTIONS THAN CLAIMS.
XX. Applications for leases are to bo sent in
triplicate to the Cold Commissioner having jurisdiction
for the locality where the land desired to bo taken is
situated. Every such application shall contain the
name and additions of tho applicant at full length, and
the names and addresses of two persons residing in
theaColony of British Columbia, or Vancouver Island,
to whom the applicant is personally known. Also, a
description accompanied by n map of the land'proposed to bo taken.
XXI. Leases will not be granted in general for a
longer term than ten years, or for a larger space than
ten acres of.alluvial soil (dry diggings), or half a mile
in length of unworked quartz reef, or a mile and a
half in length of quartz, that shall have boon attempted
and abandoned by individual claim .:wji>rkers, with
liberty to follow the spurs, dips, and angles, on and
within the surface, for two hundred feet on each side
of the main lead or seam, or, in bar diggings, half a
mile in length (if unworked), along the high water
uiark, or a mile and a half in length along high water
mark, whore the same shall have been ntUmvptcd and
abandoned by individual claim workers.
XXII. Leasos as above, will not in general b«
granted of any land, alluvium, or quartz, which shall
bo considered to bo immediately available for being
worked by Free Minors, us holders of individual
claims. Nor will such a lease in any case be granted,
whord individual Free Minors are in previous actual occupation of any part of the premises unless by their consent.
XXIII. Every such lease shall contain all reasonable
provisions for securing to the public rights of way and
water, save in so far as shall bo necessary for tho
miner-like working of the premises thereby demised,
and also for preventing damage to the persons or property of other parties than the lessee And tho premises thereby demised shall be granted for mining
purposes only, and it shall not bo competent for tho
lessee lo assign or sub-let tho same, or any part or
parts thereof without the previous license in writing
of the Cold Commissioner. And every such lease shall
contain a covenant by the lessee to mine tho said
promises in a miner-like way, and also, if it shall be
thought lit, to perforin the works therein defined within
a time therein limited. And also a clause by virtue
whereof the said lease and tho demise therein contained
may bo avoided in case the lessee shall refuse or neglect
to observe and perform all or any of the covenants
therein  contained.
XXIV. Every applicant for a lease, shall nt tho timo
of sending in his application, mark out the ground
comprised in the application, by square posta firmly
fixed in the boundaries of tho land, mid four feet
above tho surface, with a notice thereon that such land
has been applied for, stating when and by whom, nnd
shall also fix upon a similar post at each of the nearest
places on which miners are at work, a copy of sueh
notice
XXV. Objections to the granting of any such
lease shall tie made in willing, addressed to His
Excellency the Governor, under cover to tho Oold
Commissioner, who shall forward all such objections,
together with liis Report thereon.
XXVI. Every application for a lease shall bo accompanied by a deposit, of twenty-fivo pounds sterling,
which shall be refunded in case the application Miall ho
refused by tho Government, and if the application shall
be entertained, then such sum of twoniy-fivt pounds,
shall be retained for (he use of Her Majesty her holrft
mid successors, whether the application bo alterwuiilr
abandoned  i    not.
An American editor, in the Fur West, In t.indicating
the character of a Iriend who had been charged with
sheep stealing, thus wrole:—"We have known Mr.
Thomas lor twelve years. Our aeqnnlntMee commenced with that great equinoctial storm which blew
down our grandfather's barn. At fiinl lime |)n WM a
young man in the prime of age, and, we think, railed
Ihe best marrowfat peas we over ale. He wim it gnoil
iiiathcnmiicinn, kind to Ihe poor, and troubled with Iil*.
In nil the relations or a husband, father, uncle, and
trustee of common lands, he has followed the ditecl.
slmidiiril of duly. Mr. Thomas is ul this time I'orly-llvo
years of age. .lightly marked with Ihe «mall-pox, an
estimable citizen, a church member, nnd u u,,,,, „f
known integrity for ten ,'icnrn. ■ And as to tthwp nl«ul-
ing, what ho would have done if |i(. could yfot mi op.
porliiiiily is without foundation. |„ ,,„jnt 4)f ^W) yj(,
Thomas could have stolen our lend poticil sini-rul times
but did  UOt do SO,
'■'I
ii
1
I
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'     U
I 1 I..-. .-.A- >M-~--
THE NEW   WESTMINSTER TIMES.
%pq.
ARRIVED.
Sept. in—Sir Forwood, Lock, San Francisco.
Schr Kossuth, Foster Port Town end.
Scar Black Diamond, Howell, Port Sownscnd.
Schr II. C. l'age. Obe  . Fori Town-end.
Schr Royal Charlie, Elder, N'aiialnio.
Sept. 11—Str North encr, H.ill, San Francisco.
Sept. 13—Schr Nevada. Mclntyrc Sail Spring I-laud.
Sciir Niinaiino Packet, Walker,  Niinaiino,
Sloop .1. C.  Caswell, Taylor. I'orl Tow nseiid.
Sloop Gratitude, McPhun, Dellevnc.
Sept. 13—Schr Speck. Jenklngs, I'orl Towmond.
Bark Sea Nymph, Siege, lloug Kong.
Str Julia, Bushucll, Porl Townsend.
Sir Heaver, Lewis, New Westminster.
Sept.   14—Str   Eliza   Anderson,   Wells   New   We I
minster.
Sept. 15—Schr Amelia, Thornton, Porl Towmond,
Schr Wild Pigeon. Saunders, Port Towmond,
Sclir Cnrolcnn, Jonos, I'orl lownsoudi
Schr Harriet, Collin. Port  ToWllHOIld.
Sept. 10—Sloop Victorio. Ciulck, BclloVtIO,
Sloiqi Slur of the Sound, Roberts, Bollel ue.
CLEARED.
Sept. 10—Sir lteuvcr, Lewis, New Wo.-lininsliT.
Schr Marion, Boylo, Sooko,
Schr Black Diamond, Howell, I'orl TowiUCIld,
Sloop Victoria, Cuslck, San Juan  Island,
Sept. 11—Sir Norlhoiier, Mall, Smi Francisco.
Sept. 13—Schr Langley, Delimit, N'nnnlmo,
Sloop ,1. C. Caswell, Tavbil'. Porl Tow IISOIlll,
Sept. 13—Sohr Kli/.aholli, Mill in. I'm I Towii.-eiol.
Sir Forwood, Lock, San Frauds' o,
Schr Ueporler, Tilgcr, Sail Spring I-hind.
Schr Mary, Tobin, Nminiino.
Schr Niinaiino Packet, Walker, Nan ilmo,
Schr Island Quoon, llohorUun, Han Francisco,
Schr Peek, Jonkius, Porl T,,,, i, ■• ml.
Sept. IB—Sir Eli/,u Anderson, Wells, (f0« Wc.-I-
lninslcr.
iSchr Wild Pigeon. Suundni, I'm I Town cud.
Schr  Ameliii,'I'liornloii, I'orl Tow n end.
Sepl. 1(1     Dark SOU Nymph, Siege, I'm I Tow ii . lid.
Sloop Victoria, Ciulck, Hellevue,
Sloop Star of the Sound, Roberts, Hellevue,
Sbc Itcli) oolf.stmin'.ln' SDimts.
It is always one of the most dllllcilll tusks to mblte s
the public so as lo sail all p.irlic . nnd allvn.v nml
more especially so, when writing in n formal in inner,
lutroiluclllg ourselves for Ihe llrl Inne to il< notice,
Willi   Englishmen   fair play   ii   a   ClllCOilod principle
Iherefore we feel |e,< h'<il ilimi   in    p   ,       bi     i| ,,	
11 stale hrielly the objects which have   led   u . In illlro.
(luce lo tllO public the Nkw Wi:sr\ii\-n.a Timhs.
Ii in customary. In mosl opening n Idronoi, lo bring
forward a sort of programme or UudgCl of opinion-,
and of the course to ha follow ed. ' but we shall
Content ourselves by simply Mating   that we will be   in
our iimiio would denote --'he htunblo ndvocato of (he
inlorosl.i of British Columbia, nnd we feel assured Unit,
if we use our best oudeivois lo promote ihe development of its unbounded mi I latent rosouroos, we
shall nol only receive ihe Blipport of lis Inhabitants,
but, of this Island also. Il needs no great exertion of
tho perceptive faculties lo understand, that Ihe interests
of those sister colonies are identical—nay, more : Ihnl
upon tho progress of llrilisli Columbia depends nol
only the well being, but Ihe very existence of Vilritou-
vor Island as n place of Importance. Such being the
case, and seeing the absolute necessity for sonic decisive and Immediate stops to bo liken to make known to
tho world at large, that the British Possessions on this
side of tho continent of America are unsurpassed in
every requisite for making a country groat, and not the
miserable, desolate hind thai some parlies, to suit their
own disguised purposes, would have it supposed,
the Nkw Wksimtn'STkii T'lMKS appeals to the friends
of these colonies for support, and' should il carry out
he before mentioned desirable objects, we have no
' that il will fail in obtaining Ihnl liberal patronage
rich their advocacy mid Ihe advocacy of truly English   principles  will   fairly entitle   il  to   look   for.
It is n common idea amongst newspaper editors or
the prosenl day, that, in order to gain popularity, the
public, is to be played with us u good angler would play
a trout—tube pampered and tickled, or addressed as a
child, and that the lower or more radical (erroneously
termed liberal) the toito assumed the better will be
tho chance of success. Our Oxpcrlonco has taught
us tho reverse; for, although many persons would approve of such a stylo, the intellectual majority would
repudiate it. We have unfeigned respect for the intellectual character of the public; we believe that sin-
cerer and nobler sentiments usually rule its judgment;
consequently we doubt not that, in our present endeavor to establish a well conducted and independent
English-tuned newspaper, (thereby promoting broad
and liberal discussion of public questions, and of
all beneficial measures, lot those measures emanate
from whatsoever sourco they may,) we shall meet with
Home share of public approbation, We feel convinced
that the publication of snob a periodical is under the
present sluto of the political horizon in this distant
country, much needed, and that the step we are taking
is such a one us Englishmen will applaud,
Owing to disappointments which we have experienced—firstly in tho non-arrival of a great quantity of
necessary material expected from Sun Francisco, and
again in tho sudden and serious illness of one of our
principal travelling correspondents—wo arc obliged to
send tho Times forward with all its " imperfections on
its head," and are unable to present our readers with
Hiich a variety of news as we could have wished; but
we trust these difficulties shall have been overcome before our next issue.
Of a attention has been drawn to a lending article in
the Sun Francisco "Weekly Bulletin" of ihe 3rd September, 1860, upon the subject of the occupation of Sun
Juan Island, and its true cause.
The modest and common sense tone always hitherto
pursued by the " Bulletin " has obtainod for it a degree
of respect not enjoyed by any other San Francisco
paper, atlenst amongst the British part of the community in British Columbia and Vancouver Island and
•we conceive we may say, without hesitation, amongst
tLfl sensible American portion also. Therefore, what
would be regarded as naught but Impotent words, in
the columns of a ribald publication, is, in a paper possessing the character of the "Bulletin," entitled to
weight and i ohsidcralion.
We are not in any way complaining of the tone of the
article we allude to. It is written in a temperate, and.
no doubt, a sincere spirit, but we do complain of the
misstatements contained In it : although we are willing
to nbsiilv e the u riler from any dei ire to mislead.
W'c do i in I lure wish to cast any relb ctinns upon the
in t ol (loneriil llaruc; . in covertli seizing the Island of
Sim Juan. Ili< procecdim is now before the world, and
we .ue willing to abide by the judgment that will be accorded to   it.     The   -t.iteineul   thai   it was   lo protect
American citizens from the "insults and indignities
which the British authorities of Vancouver Island have
I'ccciith offered than," i- sufficiently rebutted by Gov-
i'iimui Ibiroi.vs' reply. In that it is emphatically
iluted thai no insults or indignities had been offered by
the British authorities to any of tho American citizens
resident on San Juan, and iho Govsnxon moreover explicitly asserts that, although n complaint has, on one
occasion, been made tu him against an American citi-
/.eii, 110 attoillioil was paid lo it ; and further, that in
any " well-grounded case of complaint," he should
have referred the matter to the " Federal authorities in
Washington Territory, well assured that if wrong had
been committed reparation would have followed.'
WInn a lesson Is convoyed in these few but dignified
winds. Could any Impartial honorable mind require a
inure convincing refutation of ihe charge made '.'
The • Bulletin''asserts that two members of tho Executive I' oil  ol  Vancouver Island (Messrs.  Fkaskji
and Dallas) arrived m San Juan, and calling upon a
Mr. Cl'TLKll, who had shot a hog belonging to the llud-
-nil's Buj Company, informed him that ho hnd committed
M holnoll offence, for which ho was liable to transportation, This, we presume, was the "insult." The "Bui
Hi in" go", on to say, " subsequently a man-of-war was
cut |o ihe Island to arrest Cl'TLBit and to convey him
to Victoria for trial." This, we suppose, was the
" inillgnil v,"
Now to ventilate these statements. Mr. Phaser is
undoubtedly a member of the Legislative, not the Executive Council of Vancouver Island, but such a position
gives htm no executive functions whatever, nnd out of
Mi" Council Chamber Mr, FltASEn has neither power or
lobe, excopt ns a private individual. Ho may have accompanied Mr. Dallas to San Juan, or he may not, we
neither know nor cure, for it is immaterial whicheve1
way ii is For the sake of argument wo will admit that
lie did accompany Mr. Dallas. Wo frequently see him
accompanying Sic. Dallas in his afternoon rides about
Victoria, and therefore he may, perhaps, have paid a visit
in S.ui Juan, In company with Mr. Dallas—but if ho
did, what of it? (.'an it be classed either as an insult or
an indignity? Mr. Dallas is tho agent, at Victoria, of
the Hudson's Buy Company, but is not a member of
either Executive or Legislative Council, and has no
more Executive power in his hands than any other
merchant in the place. It is open to any individual to
threaten another, but wise men generally are not found
lo pay much attention to threats when idly made.
The " Bulletin " further says—" It is disputed at Victoria that a vessel of war, to seine Mr. Cutler, was
sent ; but not denied that the Hudson's Hay Company's vessel was.'' The writer in the "Bulletin''
could scarcely have seen Covkhxoii Doucilas' letter at
the time of penning the article under discussion ; for
wo do not, for one moment, presume ho would attribute
to Govkrnou Douglas the unworthy quibble hero stated.
Governor Douglas not only denies that a man-of-war
was scut, as alleged, but he further denies tho " attempted outrage " on an American citizen, and denies
that any attempt has ever been made In seize an -American citizen, as represented.
To the concluding part of the article in the " Bulletin "' we can say but little. We are ignorant of any
difference of opinion existing between Governor
Dol'clas and Admiral Bayxes. Tho statement in the
'Bullctiin" may be correct, but some rumors have
reached our ears which incline us to doubt it. Bo this
as it may, however, we cannot help being somewhat
amused at tho units which is sought to be cast upon
Coverxor Douglas, for the desire which is attributed
to him, to take active measures to assert the rights of
Groat Britain to a portion of territory which she maintains belongs to her, and which had been clandestinely
seized by an armed force.
No one could deprecate any hasty or intemperate
action more than ourselves. We rejoice to think that,
in this San Juan matter, no collision may ensue : for
Cod forbid that there should ever bo other than the
warmest feelings of friendship and good will between
Englishmen and their kinsmen, the citizens of the
United States; but we must confess that, in this case,
ihe position assigned to Governor Douglas is very
much that of a man who is accused of provoking a
disturbance, because he resists an attempt, to break into
his bouse, the offence of the housebreaker, meanwhile
being quietly overlooked.
 o	
NoTWlTliSTAXniNa the contradictory reports which
continue to be circulated respecting tho mining districts,
there can bo no doubt that the gold resources of British Columbia are equal, if not superior, to those of
California. Our knowledge of tho region in which
those deposits are to be found is rapidly increasing, and
probably ere long some strikes will be made which will
astonish Ihe world ns much as did the discovery of tho
monster nuggets in Australia. Independent of the
value of this colony as a gold producing country, the
necessity of maintaining our rights over tho whole of
this extensive tract is daily becoming more visible; and
ii is. impossible to exaggerate the elfect which the
course we may adopt during Iho next few years may
have upon tho future destiny of these colonies, and
on the English empire at large. If liberal measures bo
adopted. Immigration encouraged, the lands freely
granted, and England's rights manfully assorted and
upheld, there will shortly arise a powerful and wealthy
British community on this coast, which possesses in-
exhaustlblo resource:; iir its coal mines, timber, and
unsurpassed fisheries, w lib an invigorating' and salubrious climate.      I'.ver since California bee,line an Ameri
can state and Oregon began to attract attention, the
Government of the United States have been casting
bmgbig eyes on this too long neglected country; and
unless the mo3t energetic, and decided measures be
taken by the Home Government, to introduce an industrious and loyal English population into it. they m ty at
sonic future period succeed in their too apparent designs. The recent attempt to wrest the Island of San
•Inan from US is but the forerunner ofwn.it we may
expeit, if we do not "nip it in the bid." For several
years past the Americans have been endeavoring to
discover a better and more speedy means of communicating with this coast thou is afforded by tho Isthmus of Panama, mid they have surveyed no less than
four railway routes across this continent, but difficulties, almost insurmountable, are encountered on all
their surveys. They cross barren lauds, over which
there is neither fuel nor water, of a breadth varying
from 300 to Too miles. To construct a railway over
these vva<t"S is difficult, but to keep it open is next to
impossible^ U~is tftsrra fact beyond dispute, admitted
by the Americans themselves, and proved by the authority of the Hudson's Bay Company's explorer, Mr. Thompson, fhal here are no such barren lands in our railway
route, that the fertile prairies, watered by the Saskatchewan run up to the base of the Rocky Mountains, and being rich in coal mines they can supply what is necessary,
not only for the running of the road, but are capable of
supporting a numerous population, whoso existence
would for ever sot at rest our fears for the safety of
these valuable possessions of the British Crown. In
crossing the .mountains the British route has an immense advantage. In the best of the American route
two ranges of mountains must be crossed, and we believe tho lowest practicable pass is 4,000 feet above
Iho plains—as you go north tho ranges are less elevate,,
and Mr. Thompson before referred to, reports a pass
only 000 feel above the level of the prairie. Here is a
magnificent enterprise for tho employment of British
skill, industry, and capital, a connection with China in
25 days, is one of the least advantages. The great
result would bo tho formation of a llrilisli power on
this coast which nothing could shake—therefore, lot us
exert ourselves most strenuously in conjunction with
our fellow countrymen in Canada to obtain the assistance of the home Government towards tho immediate
construction of this most necessary railroad. England
would find it worth the cost, and the advantages she
and we should derive by its construction need only to be
properly represented to be understood. They know-
not tho facilities which the route offers—they know
not the resources which British Columbia possesses,
and still less do they know of the pertinacity with
which our neighbors are working to injure us by
misrepresentations of the country. Let US work
unitedly towards the advancement of the prosperity of
these Colonies which are yet destined to bo tho home
of a powerful, and we trust, happy community.
ERASER RIVER NAVIGATION.
Capt. Richards, U. N., Hydrographer to the Admi-
iltv in these seas, who kindly consented to superintend the buoying of the Praser River, yesterday inspected
Ihe beacons which have been prepared at the Indian
Foundry, and will proceed to lay them down next week.
! Each beacon has a different shaped and colored vane,
diamond, circle, or crescent—a number—and the spars,
corresponding colors, so that on making out any one
buoy, a mariner will know his position. It is said that
the Forwood will trade to New Westminster, when the
Frascr River is buoyed, she may therefore possibly go
hereafter her arrival here next trip.
f oral iufo Stiiviitg tte.
The want of reliable information from tho Alexander
mines lias been long complained of, we are therefore
gratified to learn that Mr. Elvvyn, tho active young
magistrate at Cnyoosh. no longer able to tolerate the
disquieting accounts, one day indifferent, the next day
ilattering, has proceeded to satisfy himself, by visiting
the scene of which we have heard so much, but learned
so little, during the last few mouths. His report will
be anxiously looked for.
The Right Rev. Ihe Lord Bishop of British Columbia,
was to leave England on the 2nd hist., by the mail
steamer, on route to his diocese. An iron Church, of
largo dimensions, having been previously dispatched
which is to bo erected at New Westminster, where His
Lordship has  already expressed hia intention to reside.
The Rev. Messrs. Dundas and Sheepshanks arrived
from England by the Northerner. They are ministers
of the Church of England, and wo believe the former
gentleman is private chaplain to tho B shop. Mr.
.Sheepshanks goes to New Westminster and Mr. Dundas
stays in Victoria.
I r appears by tho Budget of the Chancellor ol the
Exchequer, that £12,000 has been appropriated to
British Columbia.
Wb can vouch for the accuracy of the following:—
Thomas McCillin, of Calloway, Scotland, Junics
Welch, of Ireland, Edward Pierce, of England, Robl,
•Clark, of England, and .lames Lisle, of Scotland—all
highly respectable men—went to the mines in April,
18,'iH, and have remained until now, worked 25 miles
obove the forks of Frascr River,  about  10 months In
tho same claim—which yielded paying gravel from G
inches to 3 feet,—down lo the bed rock. The gold was
generally coarse, some pieces from SO lo $14. "Expenses
were heavy, but we cleared $1000 each. Sold out our
claim for $500. Had sometimes to dig 10 feet to reach
the bed rock."
"Sol. Carter and James Copland are now working a
similar claim, which has paid them $50 average each
for the last two months, and more; the water has now
given out: the diggings aro better there than in any
other part; their dam was 200 foot above water maris
and tho diggings ran hack from 300 to too feel ;
the cheapest provisions cost 30 cents per lb., and they
bought about. :J tons ; they paid as high as $1.50 per
lb for bacon ; the average cost was 50 to 00 cents per
lb. There will bo diggings on the flat for twenlyyoars,
If there bo sulticieut water. On this flat dry diggings
has been found, one piece of gold which was found here
was sold for $8, it was 2 inches in diameter. About
the 2nd December, frost set in causing the cessation of
work, which was resumed in the hitter cud of March.
The proprietors of three vegetable gardens, in the
neighborhood of Foster's Bar, aro afraid that there will
not be sufficient minors to consume their produce. -A
claim upon tho opposito side of tho river has paid oven
better without  working lo the bed rock. '
Aausixa.—We notice that a parallel has been drawn
by our cotemporary -The Victoria Gazette," between
the recent action of the '-civilized'' Chinese in their dis- j
regard of the sacred  obligations of a treaty nnd its i
consequences,  and recent action  with respect to San
Juan, and what might have been its consequences.
Uarriscx Lill'ji-.t  Trait.—We  understand that it ;
has been found impracticable to complete the Harrison
Lilloet Bo.id this winter the Government have, therefore, determined to carry on the unfinished portion, as
a good pack  trail and  50   Indians  are to be added to
the. present working parly by order of the Governor, j
We rejoice at this, as some easier means of supplying ,
the upper country with provisions is urgently demon- ;
ded.
(Iold Exported.—The shipments of gold dust for
the past week were as follows:—By "Northencr,"
Wells', Fargo & Co.,'$9,130-j Freeman, & Co., $3,700.;
by "Forwood," Wells. Fargo k Co., $22,713; Free-
in in & Co., $8,000 ; total, $ 10.510. It is estimated that
each of tho miners who have left by the "Forwood"
and •• Nortliener" took away from $1500 to §2,000, tho
result of a few months', and in miiiy cases only a few
weeks' mining.
Mr. Kells, an American, who has executed m ost of
the Government contracts, at New Westminster has j
absconded, which route ho has taken is not known, but
it is supposed that he went to Somiahmoo, and from
thence escaped. Some hopes are entertained that ho
will vet return as ho has property in British
Columbia. His liabilities aro supposed to be about
$500, but $2000 or thereabouts are said to bo due to
him from the Government, and ho has a house at Now
\Vo3tminster worth $500 or $000.
We notice with regroat the groat increase of drunkenness amongst the Indian portion of the inhabitants
of those Colonic.;, and fear that some more stringent
measures with regard to the sale of liquor to them will
have to be adopted if it is to he slopped.
We  beg to  call the attention   of our renders to mi
advertisement respecting the establishment of a Reading Boom and Library at Fort llopo, and most earnestly recommend it to their notice,
Tin: outcry that nothing is  doing for British Colum-
] Ida will shortly cease, as His Excellency the Governor, i
has at length, it  is said, taken the lethargic  department of Lands and   Work-'   more   under his  own   im.
mediate control, and directed Colonel Moody  to make u
second road from New Westminster to Burrard's Inlci,
to  open   up agricultural  land  in   that  neighborhood,
and to  proceed without loss of time   to grade some of i
the streets of the British Columbian capital, as well as
to  bring  all agricultural  lands into the  market forth- ,
With.
ArrnoACitixo Dissolution-  of the Legislative As- j
semuly.—Elsewhere will bo found tin address from Mr.
Gary,    We  understand that  several  other  candidates j
are already in tue field.
FiKious Riuixc—In the Police Court, on Friday !
10th Inst., tho Attorney General of British Columbia,
George Hunter Cury, Esq., was charged by the police
with furiously riding over the new bridge leading to
tho government offices, and after some argument upon
the merits of the case and the legality of the summons,
tho case was dismissed by Mr. Justice l'embertoii.
The English steamer " Forwood" left Esquimau Harbor on Thursday morning, for San F a 'Cisco, with a
heavy mail and expresses, and we presume by the
crowded appearance of her deck, a largo number of
passengers. This vessel went to Esquimau to have her
compasses adjusted, a very necessary precaution in iron
steamers, and one which is froquentlg adopted by her
cautious mid energetic commander.
Darixg Attempt at Burglary.—At the House of
Washington Milton, this morning, fit 2 o'clock, at the
head of View street, a most daring attempt to commit
burglary, by entering the front room of the house, was
made. It being currently reported that Milton was
possessed of a considerable sum of money, which he
whs supposed to keep in his house, two men attempted
to enter by forcing the window. They were not discovered until one had nearly succeeded in entering, I
when Mr, Milton who was asleep in the sumo room, was
aroused, and seizing a pickaxe, which happened tu bo
near, threw it. at the intruder, which unfortunately
missed him, and thereby enabled the ruffians to escape.
His Excellency the Governor, accompanied by his private Secretary, left Victoria, by the Otter, on Thursday ]
morning, for a tour of inspection in  British Columbia, f
which we have no doubt, will  prove beneficial to the
interests of the community.
We return lhanks to A. do Cosmos, Esq., editor
"British Colonist'' for several favors.
By mutual agreement Commissioners wee appointed
to settle lhc disputed point, pending whose decision a
strict neutrality us to the exclusive assumption of
right, was agreed upon between the two Governments.
This neutrality has been rigidly observed by the Colonial Government supporting thus the good faith of the
Imperial Government, pledged to a friendly power.
i'he Island of San Juan, one of the lluro archipelago
(for years occupied by British subjects) has been re.
cently and without warning, taken possession of
by an armed force of the United Stales regular army,
acting under the orders of the Commander-in-Chief of
the Forces on the North Pacific Station. This Island
lying within a few miles of the Town of Victoria, mil
in full view of its immediate precincts, is forthwith
declared to be under the sovereignty of the United
Stales.
We, therefore,on our own pari, and on the purl of other
faithful subjects of Her Majesty who have made this
Colony their home, respectfully claim from Her Majesty's Government the maintenance of our rights.
The possession of the Islands in question is to us of
vital importance. They command the line of commu-
nicatian between this and the sister colony of British
Columbia, and of the latter with the ocean by the
Straits of Juan do Fnca. Tho United States have
access to nil their territories without approaching San
Juan, its possession is therefore to that power nonessential and desirable only in an offensive point of
view.
The cession of those Islands to the United States
would shake our confidence in the permanunee of Vancouver's Island and British Columbia as British Colonies.
We cannot, therefore, without remonstrance contemplate the possibility of a sacrifice of rights so
vitally essential to our existence as a British Colony,
and we confidently pppcal to ller Majesty's Govern-
incut for its prompt and vigorous interference in n
question of such deep and national importance.
Signed by upwards of 100 of the most respectable
and influential of the inhabitants.
BARBAROUS TREATMENT OF INDIANS AT NANA! MO.
A gross outrage has been committed by some of the
Hudson's Bay Company's or Coal Company's servants
{wek-now not which) afN'miaiiuo, in the. illegal Hogging
ot one Indian, and tho smashing the head and breaking
the arm of another poor fellow. It is said upon the
clergyman of tho station remonstrating with the Company's servants on their barbarity, these persons were
pleased to taunt tho licvcreiid gentleman with being
dopondant upon them for bed and boar d. But, the ser-
vnnt of Cod not being swayed by the threat implied,
has lodged information against, tho breakers of the law,
and it is to be hoped that such an example will he made
of Iho offenders, as will deter individuals from indulgence in cruelties, which not only are a disgrace to the
name of Bnglishingmnn, but may tend to iiubroil us in
an Indian war. The particulars of Ibis transaction,
which took place about a week ago, nnd which there j
has beeen a desire to conceal, we shall endeavor to
learn before next issue.
SAN JUAN MEMORIAL.
At the request of the gentlemen who signed the
olio wing petition wo beg to lay it before our renders.
The Right Honorable His Graco tho fluke of Newcastle, Her Majesty's principal Secretary of State
for tho Colonies, &c., &c.
Tho representation of the undersigned faithful subjects of Her Majesty's, resident in Vancouver's Island,
respectfully slieiveih,—
That, whereas under the stipulations of a treaty
concluded on 15th day of Juno, 184G, between Ilor
Majesty's Minister and tho Minister of the United
Slates, certain reciprocal concessions wore made as
regarding possessions and territories on the North
West coast of America. By that treaty the line of
demarcation between tho British and American territories was run through the contro of the only ship
channel then in use, to tho Straits of Juan do Fttca,
leaving the Ilaro archipelago annexed, as it naturally
is, to Vancouver's Island. Subsequently, however,
pretensions were set up by the United States Government,  to the sovereignly of the   Islands in  question,
THE QUERY ANSWERED.
TO THE EDITOR OF THE " XEW WHSTMIXSTB1I TIMES."
Sir,—Seeing by the Victoria i; Gazette" of September
l.'llh, that it is particularly anxious to ascertain
the color of a Hudson's Bay Company horse. 1 beg
leave to ask you a similar question respecting the Victoria " Gazette," and at the same time I purpose answering  both  myself.     The  color  is    " Dun   (done)
Brown." " Puiuoso."
 o	
ESQUIMALT ROAD BRIDGE.
Sin,-Permit a practical engineer to suggost,in allusion to
Mr. Skinner's just comments in the House of Assembly,
upon the state of the swamp, on Indian Bridge, on the
Esquimalt road, the most economical as well as most
efficient mode of repairing the same, and one which,
from the consequent improvement of lhc portion of
way at present over the steep mound of the Indian
village will, 1 think, commend itself to the minds of
any one imbued with common sense, namely:—
To convert the swamp bridge into an earth causeway
by soil lo be taken from n cutting through the Indian
mound. Such a causeway will, if properly made, he
the driest and firmest portion of the Esquimau roiul
from the fact of being an embankment self-drained.
The, in winter, actually dangerous and sometimes impassable brae at the end of Victoria Ilridgo
will thus be removed, whilst the constant expense of
repairing the swamp Bridge will be avoided in future.
The probable cost of effecting the improvement in
the manner suggested, by the use of Indian labor, (of
course boring  first to determine the  non-existence of
rock), I estimate at less than £100 sterling.
I am, Sir, your obt. serv't.
TWENTY  YEARS AN ENGINEER.
September IDtb, 1850.
CHINA NEWS.
Full particulars of the recent important and disastrous
events, in the north of China, having appeared in the
other papers, published here, wo merely append a list
of casualties on the occasion, nnd .from personal acquaintance with many or the lino fellows who have
been sacrificed to the treachery of these merciless,
faithless Chinese, we can appreciate the loss which
our country has sustained in their untimely fall. Our
views upon the true causes of this catastrophe we defer
for our next issue. We are gratified to find mention
made of the generous assistance afforded by our American friends  on the occasion.
Kii.i.r.n: Lieut. Graves, P. N„ IT. M. S. Assistance;
Lieut. Cluttcrbtick, 11. N., II. M. S. Coroinnndcl; Lieut.
Ruson, R. N„ II. M. S. Plover; Capt. McKonna, 1st i
Royal Regiment; Mr. Herbert, midshipman, II. X.; Lieut.
VVoolbridge, II. M. Light Infantry; Lieut. Inglis, IL M,
Light, Infantry.
Wounded :   Admiral Hope, Conimander-in-Cliicf, se- I
vorcly;   dipt. Vansittnrt,  IL N„ II. M. S. Mugioienm',  \
loss of left, leg below the knoe—since reported ns having
died ;' Cnpt. Shadwoll, Highflyer, severe wound in foot; i
Capt.-Willes, Chesapeake, slightly;  Col. Lemon, It. M, I
Brigade, severely ; Lieut, Purvis, it. N„ slightly ; Lieut.
Buckle, slightly;   Mr. Burniston, Master, slightly;  Mr. j
Armitage, mid., severely;   Mr. Hewlett, mid., severely;
Mr. N. B. Smith, mate, severely; Mr. Philips, 2d master,  j
slightly;   Lieut Longloy, It. E. severely;   Rev. II. IIcvv-
leal, Chaplain, R. M. Brigade, severely";   Capt. Masters,  I
Chesapeake ;   Capt. Slaughter, R, M. Brigade ;   Lieut.
Williams, R. M. Artillery;   Lieut. Crawford, 11. M. Artillery ,   Lieut. Collier. R. M. Brigade ;   Lieut, CarriiL»-  j
ton, 11. M. Brigade; Lieut. Smith,-R. M. Brigade ; Lieut.  I
Perceval, Fury, slightly.
Losses ix Great Battles.—Tho " Military duetto'1 1
of   Vienna  makes  the following comparisons  of lite ]
forces engaged in the hatlle of Solferino and in former I
great buttles.    Some of the numbers  seem, however I
to bo greatly exaggerated :•—" At the late buttle there I
were more than 300,000 soldiers in  the  field, and tlt« j
losses must  have amounted to at least from MO.OOOIn J
37,000.    At the battle of Loipsic, which lusted for three
days, the  330,000 allies   hud against   them  260,0)0
French ;   the   hitler  lost  30,000  prisoners  and 45,000
killed mid wounded, and the former 48,000 killed nml
wounded.   After Loipsic, the most sanguinary bnttli
was that of Moscow, on the 7lh of Soptombor, 181!,
Tho Russians had 130,000  men and 000 piocos of cannon, the French 134,000 men and 587 piocos of cannon:
the former lost G8,000 and Hie latter 50,000 ; the lossc)
were therefore 40 per cent.    At, Bntit/.en on May 2l,
1813,  there   were   110,000 Russians   and   Prussian!
opposod to 150,000 French ; (he latter lost 20,000 men,
and the  allies   15,000  men, and not a single cannon
At Wugruin, on the  5th and 8th of Jnlv, 1800, wo hat
137,000 men, and Napoleon  170,000; wo lost-20,00]
and   the  enemy  22,001).     At Esling we were 75,001
against 85,000; wo  hnd  20,000  killed  and wounded
the enemy 13,000  killed, but he loft on the field 3,(mt
prisoners, and was obliged to send 30,000 to Vienna t<
have  their   wounds  attended  to,  so  that out  of th(]
100,000 men engaged about one-half were put hors d<|
combat.    At  Auslerlltz there wore 70,000 French, at
many Russians, and  i;i,000 Austrinns; the losses wcr«l
2l,ooo Russians with   100 pieces of cannon, 5800 AuS'
triiins, and 10,000 French.    At Jemi there were 142,001
French against ir.0,000 Prussians.    At Waterloo ther*]
were 170,000 men, of whom 70,000 were Fronch, wM
lost 25,000 iiiv.ii and 350 cannon, whilst the allies lo=«]
13,000 men.
m
£ttHHS££B2fi
U ■"'    s
THE   NEW   WESTMINSTER   TIMES.
AN ALARMED TRIO.
A few months since, a son of Erin, about nine o'clock
one evening:, called at a country inn. and demanded
lodgings for Ihe night, It was evident from his ap-
iieariince and actions that he and liquor had been quite
jolly companions throughout the day.
The landlord was a lazy, good-natured soul, and had
imbibed rather freely that day himself. '-If I give you
a light, and tell you where the room is, you can find
the place," said the landlord.
" (Jh. an' it's mesclf can do that most illegantly. .list
show me the way, mi' I'll fiud itazy," rejoined the Irishman.
The directions Were given, and also a candle. He
was directed to go to a room on the second story of the
house By the time he had reached the top of the
stairs his light was extinguished, and he had forgotloii
in what direction he was to go. Seeing rays of light
issuing from a room, the door of which stood Slightly
njar, he reconnoitered the inside of the room, and found
ii lo contain a bed, on which lay a man, and a stand
with a small lighted lamp upon it.    Feeling disinclined
10 make any further search for the room to which he
had been directed, he divested himself of his clothing
ami quietly crept into the buck part of the bed.
lie had been in the bed but a few minutes, when a
young lady nnd gentleman entered the room. The
Irishman eyed them closely. They seated themselves
on chairs in close proximity to each other, and after
chatting merrily for a short time, the young man threw-
his arm around her waist in a cousinly manner, nnd
imprinted a kiss upon her tompting lips. There was a
witchery in it which demanded a repetition. The scene
amused the Irishman vastly, and being free from selfishness, he concluded that his sleeping companion
should be a participant with him in the enjoyment of
iho scone, nnd to this end he nudged him ; but his companion stirred not. lie then put his hand upon him
and found that ho was tightly locked in the cold embrace of death.
Synonymous with this discovery ho bounded out of
bed, exclaiming—"Murtherl Murthorl Holy saints ov
Hiveu, piirtect ine!"
He had scarcely touched the Moor with his feet, before (he young lady and gentleman were making rapid
strides towards the stairway, terror being depicted on
(heir countenances. They hud just reached the top of
ihe stairs when the irishman came bounding along as
though all the fiends of Erebus were close at his heels,
intent on miking him their prey, nnd ihe whole three
wenl tumullug down .-lairs, and il is hard to determine
which of the three reached the bottom of the stairs
first.
The landlord looked aghast ns lhc Irishman rushed
into the bar-room, with nothing on between him and
nudity but a garmnnt vulgarly called a shirt, the hair
on his heal standing upon end. bis eye-bulls ready
to start from their sockets, and   ho gasping for   breath,
11 was a sight that would have made a man laugh who
had worn a vinegar face from the day of his birth.
Nothing could induce him to seek a bod that night
again.
When the young lady and gentleman found that il (
was not the corpse that had so unceremoniously
hounded from the bed, they returned to t'10 room (they
being lhc watchers for the night), mid, doubtless, commenced their courting ut the point where il was so
suddenly broken oil'.
 o	
AN INTRODUCTION TO A ROYAL TIGER.
and twisting his trunk round the top of the young tree,
bent it down across the loins of the tiger, thus forcing
the tortured animal to quit his hold, and affording
Slingsby an opportunity of crawling beyond the reach
of its teeth mid daws. Forgetting my own fears in
the imminence of my friend's danger, I only waited till
I could get a shot at the tiger without running tho
risk of hurling Slingsby, and (lien fired both barrels al
ils head, and was lucky enough to wound it mortally;
The other sportsmen coming up nt this moment, the
brute received his quietus : but poor Slingsby's arm
was broken where the tiger had seized it with his
teeth, and his chest was severely lacerated by ils
claws, nor did he entirely recover "the shock for many
months. And (his was my first introduction to a royal
tiger, sir. I saw many of them afterwards, during the
time 1 spent in India, but I can't say I ever had much
liking for their society."
THE BRITISH MINISTER TO MEXICO CALLED TO
ACCOUNT.
From files of English papers we find that Lord John
Russell staled in the House of Commons that Mr. Otway.
the British Minister at the City of Mexico, had obtained
leave of absence in order to return to London to answer the charges preferred against him by the English
merchants in Mexico—charges that went to show that
he permitted English subjects to be robbed mid murdered with impunity by (he party of Mirmnon, with
whom ho had so much influence ; mid further, that he
was on too intimate terms with that military despot,
thus throwing the moral weight of England into the
scale of Ihe Church party, and aiding them to overturn
the constitutional party and to re-establish the reign
of tyranny, after the expenditure of su much blood and
treasure in the cause of freedom.
Mr. Otway denies the charges made against him;
but Lord John Russell regrets to say that he has not
entered so fully into particulars as to show that, he is
in the right mid the British merchants in the wrong.
Hence his leave of absence, which we trust will end in
his removal, for there can bo no doubt that he has systematically prejudiced the cause of liberty in Mexico,
and lent himself to Ihe cause of despotism; thus
prolonging a war which would have been long since
ended, had he either remained neutral or taken the
same side as the United States Minister has taken, the
side of Juarez mid Constitutional Government, which
would be more in conformity with the spirit of British
institutions than to bolster up a system of military mid
ecclesiastical despotism.
Lord Pnlmcrston' government deserves great credit
for demanding a strct account from Mr. Otway. Other
governments would have paid no attintion to the remonstrances which iiluecd this invest galion, and would
have permitted its representative to continue abusing
his trust, or, perhaps, have secretly instructed him to
back the wrong side, in tho interest of a despotic government and in opposition to the influence of the United
Slates.
I q
Hal
" When I was a young shaver," said Mr. Frampton, I
h.iiing lived in the world some twenty years or got j
was engaged as a sort of supernumerary clerk in the >
mse of Wilson and Brown, at Calcutta; and having:
i one else who could be so easily spared, they delcr-
incd to despatch me on a business negotiation to one j which, in charity   we
I of the native princes about eight hundred miles up the ! During the past  year
nimtry. I travelled with a party of the  Dragoons,
miimnnded by a Captain Slingsby, a man about five
years older than myself, and us good a fellow as ever
lived. Well, somehow or oilier he took a great fancy
to mo, and nothing would do but that I should accompany him in all his sporting expeditions—for I should
t' II you that ho was ii thorough sportsman, and, I
elicve, entertained some strange notion that be should
lhc able to make one of me. One unfortunate morning,
he came into my tent, and woke me out of a sound
sleep which I hud fallen into, after being kept awake
I hull the night by the most diabolical howls and
screams that ever were hoard, expecting every minute
to sec some of (heir performers step in to sup, not wilh
hut upon mo.
" Come, Frampton, wake up man,'cried Slingsby;
her's glorious news.'
"What is  it? said I.   'Have  they  found another
tamper of ale ?'
"Ale,  nonsense!'   was  the  reply.     'A shikkaree
imitivc hunter) has just come into camp to say that a
oung bullock was carried off yesterday, and is lying
iilf-caten in the jungle about a mile front this place;
In at last, my boy, 1 shall have the pleasure of introdu-
ing you to a real live tiger.'
" ' Thank ye,' said I,  'you are very kind, but if it's
inconvenient to you this morning, you can put it
; another day will do for me quite as well—I'm not
the least hurry.    'It was of no use, however; all
Igot for my pains'a poke in tho ribs, and an injunction
i lose no timo in getting ready.
•Before we hud done breakfast, the great man of
lie neighborhood. Rajah somebody or oilier, made his
pipeiirance on his elephant, attended by a train of
jiwnies, who were to undertake the agreeable duty of
■eating. Not being considered fit to take care of
lysolf— a melancholy fact, of which I was only too
jinsiious—it was decreed that Slingsby nnd I should
fenpy the same howdall. Accordingly, at the time
pointed, we mounted our elephant; and having n
•riiiiduhle array of guns handed to us, we started.
As my companion, and indeed every one else con-
I'-ni'l in the matter evidently considered if completely
a parly of pleasure, and seemed to be  prepared  to
|joy themselves, 1 endeavored to persuade myself that
so too; and, consoled by the reflection that if the
or  had   positively eaten half  a  bullock  yesterday
ernoon, it  never could be worth his while to  scale
|r elephant, mid run the risk of being  shot, for the
if devouring me, 1 felt rather bold than otherwise.
for proceeding for some distance through the jungle,
rousing, as it seemed to me, every beast that In d
e out of Noah's Ark, except a tiger, our elephant,
hud hitherto conducted himself in a,  very  quiet
II gentlemanly manner, suddenly raised his trunk,
1 trumpeted several times—a sure sign, as the
hout informed us, that a tiger was somewhat close
land.
• Now, Frampton,' cried my companion, cocking
double-bnrrcl, 'look out I'
'For squalls,' returned I,  finishing the sentence for
' Fray is there any particular part they like to
hot in? Whereabouts shall I aim?'
' Wherever you can,' replied Slingsby ; ' be ready
ere ho is, by Jupiter I and, as he spoke, Ihe long
p-s about n hundred yards in front of us was gontly
Hed, and 1 caught a glimpse of what appeared"!!
and black  streak  moving  swiftly  away in  an
iie   direction — 'Tally-hot'   shouted   Slingsby,
Itiug the tiger with both barrels.    An  angry  roar
fed that the shots had taken effect, and  in another
a large tiger, lashing his sides with   his tail,
eyes glaring with rage, came  bounding to-
Bttmsii Columma.—A correspondent from British
I Columbia takes exception to some remarks in tho "11-
j lustrated London News" upon the subject of that col-
l ony, and the consecration of its new Bishop. Writing
1 from Victoria, under date of the tlth of May, he ob-
orves ;—"In your issue of March 12, 1850, which
reached here yesterday, I observed in an editorial some
very harsh expressions in regard to our population. I
deem it my duty to reply to these strictures, as, if
passed unnoticed, they might be deemed truthful by
some unacquainted iviih the facts. I trust your love of
truth will induce you to give the same publicity to this
statement which was granted to the former mischievous
article, mid thus repair tho wrong you have committed,
hope, was through ignorance.
^^^ 0,000 persons have entered the
country, and sojourned for a longer or shorter period.
The large portion have left on account of climate, or unwilling to endure the hardships which pioneers must
always expect. They came from California, whose character as a lawful and orderly state is none of tho best.
Vet. in spite of this, 1 am unable to present any catalogue of crime or lawless acts sufficient to justify braining the community as ''a multitude of desperate adventurers," "the offscourings of the civilized word," by
which terms you have been pleased to designate us.
Our population is composed of hardy, industrious people: we are engaged in battling with the difficulties incident to a new country, the envious abuse and misrepresentations of Cllllfornians, the dangers of Indian violence, nnd suffering under many other evils, for
the purpose of developing (he resources of a wild bill
fertile and rich portion of the British dominions. In
spite of these obstacles, we struggle on, looking to England for help in the hour of our greatest need. But
those who should stand shoulder to shoulder with us
point the finger of scorn, and hold us up before the
gaze of the world as unprincipled and criminal men.
' This is the niikindest cut of all.' The lawful behavior
and general good conduct of our people have been the
subject of much remark mid self-grutulation. Everything goes orderly and quietly; and I venture to assert
that there are more crime and disorder in the same
number of people taken from the same classes in London than here by seventy-live per cent."
lid
SCALE OF CHARGES FOR ADVERTISING IN THE
NEW  WESTMINSTER  TIMES.
One Inch, on under,—Ono insertion,  0
" " Ono month,  0 1(5
"     •        " Three mouths,  2
" " Six months,  3
-Ono insertion,  0
Ono month,  1
Three months,  3
Six months  C
-One insertion,  0 15
Ono month,  2
Throo months,  G
Two, Inches, on less,-
Font Inches, on less-
ii
s.
d.
5
0
16
0
0
0
10
0
8
0
4
0
10
0
0
0
15
0
i
0
0
0
:>w
Advertisements of larger dimensions, or for longer
periods, as per agreement.
Advertisements in the "Business Directory," not
exceeding throe linos, £1 <ls. per quarter.
COMMISSARIAT.
T
away as quietly
and seizing another
pent,
his
HSU:
'Now what's  to bo done?' exclaimed  I : 'if yon
I bill let him alone, he was  goin
isible.'
slingsby's reply was a smile ,
Iho fired again. On receiving this shot the tiger
tod for a moment, and then, with a tremendous
sprung towards us, alighting nt the foot of a
P tree, not n yard from Ihe elephant's head.
"hat lust shot crippled him,' saidjray companion,
hve  should have had  the pleasure of his  nearer
tuntnnoe—now  for   'ho   ' coup   do   grace,'    Fire
mid  as he  spoke  he leaned  forward  to   take
!''rate aim, when suddenly the front of the howdall
way, and, to my horror, Slingsby was precipitated
the elephant's head, into, as it seemed to me, the
laws of the tiger. A lierro growl, and a suppres-
ly ol agony, proved that the monster had seized
mid J had completely given my friend up for
when the elephant, although greatly alarmed,
rged on by the m.ihout, took  a step  forward,
NDERS are invited for supplying the following nr-
ticlcs, in such  quantities us may he required during Ihe next three months at each of the places named
The prices to bo stated in English currency.
At Commissariat Store, New | At Victoria.
Westminster.  [All duties
nnd carriage to be paid by
ihe trader.]
Address, with samples, duly numbered to correspond
with the Tender to me nt this Office.
BRITISH  WEIGHTS   AM)   MEASURES.
TO THE ELECTORS OF VICTORIA.
Gentlemen,—In the event of a dissolution of the
House of Representatives, I have been requested by
some of the Electors of Victoria, to put myself in
nomination for this town I In soliciting your suffrages for the impending election, I propose to stale the
principles to which I jdedgo myself to adhere, should
you honor me wilh your choice.
The geographical position of your town is such, thai
at no distant period, Victoria ought lo become the
seal of a great trading community, The success of
the whole Colony,—the success of British Columbia,
mainly depend on this. To attain this end it is im-
p ernlive that Victoria should remain a Free Port.
The people of Vancouver's Island, through their
House of Assembly, are entitled mid bound to originate every financial scheme connected with this Colony,
in order to do so effectually, they must have (he entire
control of the money arising from the sale of Land,
and must impose their own taxes, which I believe
should be of a direct character, and based upon the
principle of equalization.
The rapid development of this Colony will be accelerated by the settlement of the agricultural districts.
Pre-emptive rights over the whole Island lo be paid
for by instalments extending over five years, should
he granted at the lowest possible price.
I am firmly opposed to anything like an endowment,
or grant for religious purposes.
If returned, 1 will introduce
form, whereby land may be ns
rendered as safe a security as in
I propose to bring in measures
istration of Justice in this Colony
ing it less expensive nnd more speedy, and final.
I will endeavour to render the duties of jurors less
onerous than at present.
I inn thoroughly convinced (hat our great want i
nu agricultural and industrial population, That every
.farthing of the public money which can be spared
should bo devoted, directly or indirectly towards the
encouragement of emigration to our shores. I will,
therefore,, strenuously advocate the strictest economy
in the expenditure of the Public Revenue.
I shall be prepared to support any good measure for
the improvement and lighting of Victoria Harbor.
lain a warm supprorter of a decimal currency, and
am, and always have been, as decidedly opposed to
any attempt to give nn unnatural and disproportionate value to one coinage over another.
When an opportunity offers, I will in person, afford
a more detailed explanation of the policy which T believe your representative should adopt, and I cnrnestlv
request you will withhold your pledges till then.
GEORGE HUNTER CAREY.
SELIM   FRANKLIN   k   CO.,
TOWN I
F.irmi
measures of Law Rc-
ensily transferred and
any other community,
to reform the ndmin-
, with a view to mak
AUCTIONEERS AND LAND AGENTS,
Vatcs street, Victoria.
OTS IN VICTORIA AND ESQUIMALT, and
ng Lands disposed of at public and private
sale. Surveys, Plans, Dced.s, Mortgages, and Agreements prepared by competent parties attached to the
office. Merchandise, Household Furniture, &c, disposed of.
Advances made  ox  Consignments.
Cold Dust Purchased.
Vi
I'bl
1 A N
I R 0 N
W
0 It K S
CO.
T. A. Mon
S. Aitken,
khou
• e,
P.
c.
Torquet,
R. Steigor.
s;
I'EAM
Fount
ENGINE
lers, and (1
BUILDERS, Boi
enoriil Engineers,
ler
Fin
Makers,   Iron
it Street, near
(.'ai Works. San Francisco.
Steamboat Machinery built and repaired : also, Saw,
Flour, and Quartz Mills, Pumping and Mining Machinery, &c, kr.
Proprietors of Morse's Patent Fire Grates.
Right to Manufacture Tyler's Patent Scroll Water
Wheel.
E. II. King, Agent in Victoria.
THE
Da
I M P O R T ANT.
PUBLIC SALE OF RURAL LANDS AND SUBURBAN LOTS,
SITUATE in the neighborhood of New Westminster,
British  Columbia.    Upset price of Rural  Lands
Ten Shillings per Acre.   Upset price of Suburban Lots,
F 0 R   S A L B .
undersigned  offer  for   sale  Mm-tell's  Brandy,
lark and Pale in half pipes, Booth's genuine Old
Tom in puncheons,
Svvaine, Boord. k Go's Old Tom, in puncheons.
McKenzie k Go's do do       do
Stewart's Scotch Whiskey tlo        do
Holland Cin, "St. Nicholas brand," in pipes.
Irish Whiskey, in barrels.
Allsop's Burton Ale, also in bulk.
London Ale and Porter, in glass 4 and 1 dozen
packages.
II. Brett k Co's Ginger Brandy, in cases.
Worthington's and Swaine, Boord & Cos Old Tons
in cases.
Wolfe's and Volner's Schnapps, in cases.
Claret Wine, in cases.
Orange and every description of Bitters.
And daily expected to  arrive per ship "Jeminetto,"
now due.
104 hhds. of the finest Burton and Scotch Ales.
Younger k Son's celebrated Jug Ale.
Cider, in bids, half bbls, cases, kc, &c.
And a variety of crouds suitable to the trade,
TIIOS. PATTRJCK k CO.,
Johnson st., near Government,
and at New Westminster, B. C.
SOUTHGATE k MITCHELL
COMMISSION MERCHANTS, Albert Wharf, Victoria,
Vancouver Island, and Battery-street. Sun Francisco, California.
DRUGS,   CHEMICALS,  PATENT MEDICINES, PERFUMERY, &c, kc,
FOR SALE, Wholesale and Retail, nt lowest rates, by
LANCLEV BROS.
CAMI'IIHNE
For Sale, at lowest rates, by
Lanqley Bros.
QUICKSILVER AND ACIDS
For Siile, at lowest rates, by
Laxulky Bros.
Twenty l'ouii
The" Rural
Land
has been recently surveyed into
sections containing about llit) acres each. Tho position
and acreage of the Rural Land and Suburban Lots is
shewn on the map which may be seen at the office of
Lauds and Works. New Westminster, British Columbia,
and at the Land office, Victoria, Vancouver's Island.
All the Laud and Lots will be sold on WEDNESDAY
the iith day of OCTOBER, by Public Auction, at New
Westminster, under the following conditions of sale:—
1. The highest bidder shall be the purchaser.
2. No person shall advance less than Is. per acre
for Rural Land, and 5s. per lot for Suburban Lots.
3. The Rural Lands have boon recently surveyed
off into sections of about 1G0 acres, the purchaser shall
pay 10s. per acre for each section, according to the
acreage of each section, as stated in the Plan, nnd
shall accept such section as containing the acreage so
stated, and ns situate as delineated in tho Plan—no
error or miscalculation shall render the purchaser
liable to pay more, or shall entitle the purchaser to
vacate the sale, or to claim the repayment of any part
of his purchase money.
4. The purchaso money shall bo paid into the
Treasury ns follows:
For Rural Lund, 25 per cent, at tho time of sale.
Twenty-five per cent, within one month of tho sale.
Fifty per cent, within two years from the sale.
For Suburban Lots,
Twenty-five per cent, at the timo of sale.
And 25 per cent, in every month subsequently to the
sale, until paid.
Upon the payment of the various instalments, certificates, and upon completion, proper conveyances will
be granted to tho respective purchasers.
By order of His Excellency the Governor,
R. C. MOODY,
Colonel Royal Engineers,
And Chief Commissioner of Lands and Works.
SPERM,  LINSEED,   CHINA,   POLAR,   LARD,   AND
SHARK OILS,
For Sale, nt lowest rates, by
Laxglky Bnos.
W.   H.   OLIVER,
Importer and Wholesale Dealer in
FINE   ENGLISH,   French   and   American  Liquors,
Champagnes
ipngnes, Clarets, California Wines, &e
son street, opposite Wharf street, Victoria, V. I
John-
WANTEI).
±1
A BOUT 50 cords nf FIRE WOOD.
*• to bo delivered in Victoria.
Pine preferred,
APPly to Mr. E. H. KING,
Office of "Now Westminster Times," Yates-strOet.
TO  PURCHASERS OF REAL ESTATE IN BRITISH
COLUMBIA.
SACRAMENTO HOUSE,
Wiuldington street, near Yates street.
THIS ROUSE has been newly fitted up ftnd entirely
renovated, and is conducted on the European Plan.
The TABLE will be supplied with the best the Market
affords.
Board and Lodging  $7 00
Single Meals     0 60
The travelling public are requested to toll.
ANDREW ASTRICO.
JEFFRIES   &   BANKS,
Yates Street,
Have   for   sale
10,000lbs.  WHITE   LEAD.
A LARGE  Assortment of WINDOW  GLASS, nnd
Artist's Tools nnd Colors.    Oil, Turpentine, Varnish, Putty, Graining Tools, &c, &c.
Also,  a large assorttment of WALL PAPER, Borders and Mixed Passor
BANK   OF   BRITISH   NORTH   AMERICA.
Established  in  1936?
Incorporated by Royal Charter in 1840.
CAPITAL £1,000,000.
COURT    OF
Henry Barm-wall, Esp>
Thomas II. Brooking, Esq.
Robert Carter, Esq.
William Chapman, Esq.
William R.Chapman, Esq.
JamesJohn Cummins, Esq.
directors:
John B'.oxnm Klin. Esq.
Oliver Farrer, Esq.
Alex. Gillespie, Esq.
[ Sir A. Pellet Green, R. N.
' Francis Le Breton, Esq.
John Ranking, Esq.
secretary:
Charles MNab, E3q.
bankers:
The Bunk of England,
Messrs. Glyn, Mills k Co.
ESTABLISHMENTS IN THE  COLONIES,
Gkxkhai. Manaokr, Thomas Paton, Esq.
'' '" ' Dundas, Canada.
Qi'eiiec, Canada      	
Montreal,       do Brantford,   do
Ottawa, do London, do
Kingston,        do St. Johns, New Brunswick,
Toronto, do I Halifax, Nova Scotia, anil
Hamilton,        do | Victoria, V. I.
  A'JKNT.'l IN   NEVF~YrtIti» 7
Messrs. R. C. Fergusson, F. IL Grain, k C. F. Smith,
29 William Street.
VICTORIA BRANCH.
Temporary OffiVcs,  Government Street,
Treasury,
opposite the
Gold Dust and Bills of Exchange Purchased.
DRAFTS ISSUED ON
London,
New York",
Sax Francisco,
Canada,
New Brunswick,
Nova Scotia, iiihT
On  Ihe Branches of the Provincial Bank of fnEEANn',
and Iho National Bank of Scotland.
Wtif" Office hours—10 a. m., to 3 p. m.
F. W. WOOD, Manager.
BOOKS I   BOOKS11
TVTAPIER'S PENINSULAR WAR, Humboldt's Cos-
x' nios, Ores Dictionary of Arts and Sciences;
Dam's Mineralogy; Ewbank's Hydraulics; Moseley's
Mechanics of Engineering; brail's Principles and Klei
uieiits of Geology; Cyclopaedia of Commerce; M'Cul-
loch's Commercial Dictionary; Livingstone's Travels-:
Dr. Kane's Explorations; Muciiuhiy's England; All-
son's Europe; The British Poets compiled in three
vols., 8vo ; the English Translations of the Classics,
comprising the whole works of Tacitus, Xenophon,
Herodotus, Thueydides, Baker's Livy; Ciesur, and
Sullust '
Preseott's Works ; Irving's Works; Node's Ambro-
siaiiii; the Poetical Works of Longfellow, Hood, Whit-
tier, and nearly all of the modern and Ancient Poets
variously and handsomely bound. '
Histories, Bibles. Commentaries ; Agricultural, Law,
Medical, Odd Fellow, and Freemasonry Books, Cooking
Books, Book Keeping, Dictionaries, Chemistry, Astronomy, School Miscellaneous Books. Also, Novels
bound and in paper covers. r
HIBBEN 4 CARSWELL,
Stationer's Hall, Yates street.
FORT HOPE READING ROOM AND LIBRARY.
SEVERAL FRIENDS to the diffusion of knowledge-
►J and social intercourse amongst Miners, Traders and
Merchants, &e., on the Eraser River, are anxious t»
establish a Reading Room and Library at Fort Hope.
Fort Hope is a central position of importance irr
British Columbia, nnd the best at present for furthering the above objects. The project of a Reading Room-
in connexion with a Circulating Library, is one which
cannot fail to be beneficial to those' foe whose use it is
intended, but it is one which cannot be carried out
solely by the residents without assistance from other
quarters.
Tho sum of $400 is required for the purchase of a
House and Lot in everyway convenient, but the time-
allowed for the purchase at this price is short. The
honorary Secretary earnestly asks the assistance of
that large class of persons who are benefitted directly
or indirectly by the connexion of the two Colonies of
British Columbia and Vancouver Island, for their kind!
help in any direction tbey may think fit.
. The regular subscription will be for the first month
$5 each person, and $1 a month afterwards.
Respectable and readable newspapers of various
nations nnd politics, together with all the standard"
Reviews and Periodicals, will bo taken.
Donations have been promised by the following:	
His Excellency the Governor, the Lieutenant Governor, the Attorney General and the Chief Justice ei
FAMILY GROCERIES.
MORRTS & CO., Johnson Street, near Government
Street, arc prepared to supply their customers
nnd the public by every steamer with No. I Fresh Butter,
Chickens, Eggs, nnd a varied assortment of Family
Groceries. Goods sent frco of charge to any part of
the city.
DICKSON, CAMPBELL, & CO.,
COMMISSION    MERCHANTS,   Corner   Wharf   nnd
Johnston-streets,  Victoria,   V.   I.   Dicksox,  De
Wolf k Co., Merchant-street, San Francisco.
Fort Hope.    — Saundors, Esq., J. P., — Gaggin, Esq.,
Esq., — Elliott, Esq., Yale.
A. P. PRINGLE,
Honorary Secretary-
Sept. 15th, 1859.
Tea—black,        -        -       per    - 1000 lbs.
Sugar—brown, - do    - 1000 lbs.
t'olfeo—ground, -        do    - 10(10 lbs.
Soup—English yellow do    - 1000 lbs.
Popper—black, ground, do - 100 lbs.
Mustard-—ground, - do - 100 lbs.
Candles—Palmer's English do - 100 lbs.
Matches—boxes, -        do    -      1 gross.
Oil—lamp, - -        do    -      100 galls.
W. DRISCOLL COSSET,
Acting Commissary.
ALL PERSONS requiring the Title Deeds to their
-<-*- hinds in British Columbia may obtain Iho same in
tno following manner:
An application must be made in writing tolthe At-
ornoy-Generiil of British Columbia, Victoria, gtnting
the following matters :
A statement of the purcliuso money paid—by whom
—upon whose account—In respect of what land—of
the inline of the applicant—and if such applicant claims
in any other way than as a direct purchaser from the
Government—by what means or insirunients'tie has do-
rived his title—mid what proof lie can addiico
port thereof.
If the purchnser requires his title deeds by the 1st
October next he must send in his statement by the 20th i
of Seplenilicr. '
Purchasors first complying with the above particulars '
will obtain their deeds in the first instance before (hose
who delay.
GEORGE HUNTER CARV,
„   ,    ,     ,„ Attorney-General.
.September 12, 18.10.
in snp-
ASSAY OFFICE,
Yates street,
Third door above Freeman A  Co.'s Express, Victoria, V. I.
A SSAYS OF GOLD, SILVER, and ORES of even-
-^i- description, promptly and faithfully made, and
returns given within six hours, in Bars or Coin, at tho
option of the depositor. ADVANCES MADE ON
GOLD DUST FOR MELTING. We would respectfully
solicit from Miners nnd Dealers their patronage.
As vouchers for the correctness of our Assays, we
refer with permission to the following Bankers, who
for nearly three yours have shipped Bars Assayed by
us (in California,) to Europe and the Eastern Slates :
B. Davidson-, San Francisco ; Satiieii k Cm-ncii, San
Francisco; Tallant k Wilde, do.; Aiiel Got, do.;
Paiiror k Co., do.; Wells, Fahoo, & Co., do., and Freeman k Co.'s Express.
Also, by special permission, we refer to the Bank of
British North America, in Victoria,
MARCHAND, Jr., k Co.
NOTICE.
In tho matter of the Personal Estate of SAMUEL,
HESELTINE, deceased, Intestate:
PERSONS indebted to the above named dteceased",
Intestate, or having in their possession credits or
effects of said deceased person, are requested to pay-
over the same forthwith to the administrator, at trro-
Registrar's ollice, and all porsons having clteims against
said Estate, are hereby notified to present them to the
Administrator for adjustment and allowance before the
TENTH of DECEMBER next, or they will be absolutely
excluded from any benefit arising from the effects of
said Estate.
THOS. G. WILLIAMS,
Official Administrator of the Estate-of
Samuel Heseltinc, deceased, Intestate.
Victoria, Sept. 14th, 1855.—
NENT OF KIN.
PATRICK CROWLEY, deceased. Information wanted
as to the next of Kin to Patrick Crowley, a native
of Cork, Ireland, who was accidentally killed nt Prince
Albert's Flat, on the 8th August, 185P. Deceased was
formerly in the United Slates Army.
Communications  to  be  addressed  to the  Colonial
Secretary, Victoria, Vancouver Island, tc
ANCOUVER ISLAND COLONY.
NOTICE OK
rilENDERS in writing, will be re
-L   fur Ihe erection of the whole
rrm.ic wonus.
Laud Ollice, Victoria, I
August. 24th, 1850. /
cceived at I his office,
or portion of either
oijooth of TWO LIGHTHOUSES, to be erected—one
on Fisgunrd Rock, in Esquimau Harbor, and ihe other
on Race Rock.    Blasting required.
Plans and Specifications at the Lund Ofliee.
Tho lowest or any Tender not necessnrilv accepted.
JOSEP D. PEMBERTON.
DICKSON, CAMPBELL k CO.
OFFER for    sale,  ex steamer   "FORWOOD," and
recent arrivals—
Irish Pork and Butter,
Bacon and Hams,
Ale, in bulk and bottle,
Porter, in bottle,
Dark Brandy, in hhds.,
Port and Sherry Wines,
Champagne, in pints and quarts,
Claret Wine, in cases,
Sugar, brown and crushed,
Rico, Carolina and China,
Blankets and Clothing,
Boots arid Shoes,
Canvas, Twine nnd Rope,
Tinware,
Oilman's storei.
Sopt. Kith, 1859, hn
PUBLIC NOTICE.
Colonial Secretary's Office, Victoria,
Vancouver Island, 14th Sept. 185ft,
HIS EXCELLENCV the Governor of British Columbia, has removed Pktku O'Keii.i.y, Esquire, Justice
of the Peace, and Stipendiary Magistrate, from Lai»-
gley to Fort Hope, and tho District of Fort Yale, will
in future be included within Mr. O'Reilly's jurisdiction.
Mr. Smith, tho former Magistrate, at Fort Hope, having
resigned his appointment, and Mr. Whannell, the
former Magistrate nt Yule having been discharged, his
services being no longer required.
WILLIAM A. G. YOUNG,
Acting Colonial Secretary.
SALE OF PUBLIC LANDS
IN
NAN AIM O.
Vancouver Island Colony, )
August 18th, 1859. /
/~JN and after Thursday, the 1st September next,
^'30,000 acres of AGRICULTURAL and MINERAL
LANDS, recently surveyed nt Nanamio, will be sold at
the Land Office, Victoria, on the usual terms. If any
case shall then occur of two or more persons wanting
to purchase the same Land, such Land wiil at once be
put up to competition and sold to the highest bidder.
JOSEPH D. rEMBEKT«S,
Colonial Surveyor.
H
I ■
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'<*'
i
I;
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5
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Ei
THE   NEW   WESTMINSTER   TIMES.
literature.
ST All L Kill T.
ORIGIN A I..
What arc ye gems of living light,
That deck the vestal brow of night,
Willi coronet so fiiir;
That Bought of Earth's mcKt valued show—
The diamond's blaze, the ruby's glow—
Can with your charms compare !
Why do your trembling beams impart
A softened influence to the heart,
That yet in grief must dwell?
Why do we gaze on yon blue sky,
As though our fates were link'd on high,
With yours by magic spell?
Say fare ye worlds where pleasure reigns,
Where spirits free'd from mortal pains
Enwreath unfading flowers;
And drinking from the fount of life,
Oblivion of all mortal strife
Beguile the blissful hours?
in the sunbeams, u large and shapeless mass wa   floii -
ing: unmastcd  and  unmanned  was  now that S',lwr
ship!    A   shudder  shook   the   slender  frame ot  l.'.'l;
Blanche, but she  quickened her  steps and hastily ne-
iuscriplioii, " Jane Tussand, Dieppe." Desiring Trcm-
h t lo cany i1 lo the Abbey, and keep a vigilant look
out, both on the beach and on the movements of the
smugglers, she left him nnd pursued her way; but just
'• " "«•- '■'"■ turned, by  an
Blanche, but she quickened her  steps nnd hastily ae- i <"""bb >"•--.	
scendod the steep, irregular stairs which formed the as she gained the top of the dills she
usual means of communication between the Abbcv and . indefinable impulse, and cast bee eyes upon the I.luck
the secluded hamlet, whose whitewashed cottages were Rock, which reared its dark and rugged front nt no
almost overhung by the dark and rugged rocks which great distance from her. A narrow, sleep, and circuit-
towered so high 'above them. Groups of fishermen oils path, frequented only by smugglers, and leading
werescatteredabo.it: some, lounging on the turncd-up   directly  to  it, attracted  her attention, mid on it she
T 1ST OF LETTERS received in the Post office, Vic-
*-^ toria, V. I., between 1st of April and 1st of September, 1850, still uncalled for :—
A
boats, were  eagerly  conversingf others  carefully r<
pairing their  nets and arranging their tackle for th.
oirccuv    oi   u, ..,,,.„ ,,
perceived the figure of an old woman, who inhabited a
miserable hovel on  a neighboring  moor, and bore an
pairing their  nets and arranging their tackle for the] uiiaumuis ■.■,,*.. ....  B...  — .„
evening's occupation ; whilst n knot at n little distance j ill-repute among the labouring jwior. She was stepping
were disputing over, or examining, some object which briskly up the steep ascent, and ever and anon she
rested on the sands. pressed inure tightly to her side some cumbrous article.
As Lady Blanche drew near, Richard Trcmlt-t's voice on which her eyes dwelt with peculiar satisfaction. A
was heard loudly exclaiming, " I tell you she was slight breeze lifting her cloak, revealed its shape nnd
French-built; a little, crazy thing, unlit to weather out > form to Lady Blanche, she was astonished to behold an
a storm. I saw her by the lightning quite distinctly, ivory dressing case, most exquisitely carved, and
at the very minute Hint she struck upon the Black | inlaid with silver, in the possession of a -woman.of hci
Rock bv the  smugglers' cave, and  lain  most positive
•  »-   - -  •' I.....1   oliin
Or are ye orbs where spirits pure
Have since creation dwelt serene,
In innocence and love;
When echoing to tho silver lyre,
TBs voiees of a seraph choir
In softest cadence move?
(iih I for the hour, when leaving earth,
In the first dawn of heavenly birth,
My soul shall wing her flight;
Released for aye from earthly care,—
From guilt—from darkness—from despair,
To yon far realms above I
IIarrikt Kim
Allen, James
Allan, Adam     (•">)
Arbuckle, J. M.D.   (2)
Andcrsson, Abraham
Alford, H.
B
Abbalt, James
Adams, Mathcw M.
Ash, R. V.
Ashe, William
P E E R S   AND   PRO T EGEE S.
description.
For  some  minutes  the  old hag  gloated  over   her
treasure, but at length remembering that strange eyes
might view il also, she hastily  drew her cloak about
her, and, casting an uneasy glance around, she .-tailed
on perceiving the inquiring looks of Lady Blanche. For
a single instant their eyes met, and then she vanished I
— vanished    with   such   rapidity   that   her   ladyship
Lhottghl she must  have fallen from the precipice, and
suspended her breath in terror, as the horrible idea shot
mine.    " L'' llii-oudelh—in    English  I through her bruin; but a little consideration convinced
1 Tiie Swallow.'   This evidently belonged  to a small | her that the cunning old creature had concealed her-
vessel, nnd from the inline. I should imagine it to have    self in some cavity of the rock, or retreated to the safer
been a sort of passage boat between the two countries. | precincts of Ihe smuggler's cave.
What has become of the hapless crew?" '" "10 evening  Mason  relumed, and  gave a most
Drowned, no doubt,   my lady, and  carried   out to   satisfactory account of her young charge.    Mrs. Trem-'
1 let  wlni was a healthy young woman, had undertaken
HOCK   Oy   HIV     .-muj;^.,...,     v...v,
the woman came from her, not from the merchant ship,
which was al the time making signals of distress from
Highboroiigh Head, in quite mi opposite direction.''
"And this here piece of rotlou wood belonged to the
French craft,  eh, Trcmlct '.'    But as you  are the best
scholar amongst us, just spell  these loiters, for   dang it j
if I can put them together at all.'' '
Trcinlct looked, and spelt, and Syllabled, but was
saved lhc necessity of avowing his ignorance, by Lady
Blanche's    exclaiiniuc.    '• 1/ llironilcllc—in    English
let, who wns u healthy young woman, had undertaken
to fill the office of wet nurse, and the dear infant hnd
slept long and soundly in her arms.    The old house-
" And one of thorn, who I am going to sec, has given I keeper  had  token  a  prodigious   fancy  to  the   little
signs of life.    Wail here  till my return. I  would hear   stranger, who she said, she was positive would  grow
more about Ibis frightful wreck,''' said Lady Blanche.        up oven u greater beauty than its mother.
The door of Tremblet's cottngo opened 'at ouce into 1     " H" not, Mason," answered Lady Blanche, " Ihe deai
 ii  „i,„..i '    '   '—•-■' •••■
sea ; two bodies only have been washed ashore, nnd
they are women, whom 1 took up and conveyed to my
own cottage."
" And one of them, who I mn going to see, bus given
■    i   i.i i,,..,,,
Bonl, G. C.
Bishop, E. IL   ('•!)
Bennett, Benjamin F.
Brittain. Peter S.     (!)
Badcock John
Bennett, J. F-
Bassard, Moiis.
Bavvden, Alfred
Bulthuzard, Andre
Burinusicr, Charles   (2)
Barnes, Peter
Bnckncr, Amsted
Bcrri, E.
Bernard, Pore Charles
Brown, II. S.
Brunk, A. J.   (2)
Bryant, Charles
Ball, Chimney    (2)
Bowdcn, Andrew
Bernard, Mons.
Berry, John (1.
Bovver, Samuel
Bcnviin, Mr.
Booth, Iv A.
Brown, John    (2)
Burke, Win.
Bos.-i, Carlo
Bates, Washington
Brow, Alexander
Bonnier, Benjamin
ClIAI'TKIl    I.
One of tho most terrible storms that hnd over filled
the heart of man with fear had suddenly subsided before the rolling cur of day, and a delicious spring
morning—such as wo ore sometimes favored with in
the early purl of March—dawned slowly from the rosy
portals of the East. The sun shone forth ill unclouded
brilliancy, whilst the wind, as if deploring its former
violence, hud sunk into low murmurs, like a repentant
Child sobbing on its mother's breast.
The birds were lightly warbling their early song, the
Hocks listlessly cropping the sweet herbage ; n profusion of evergreen shrubs were gently waving their
graceful branches to .shake off the heavy drops which
yet hung glistening like diamonds in their glossy
leaves. Snowdrops and violets wore raising their
modest heads, and sending forth a sweet perfume upon
the balmy air—a perfume which penetrated the open
windows of the breakfast room of tho Abbey of Walt-
ham, and induced the only inmate thereof to leave her
solitary meal, and stop forth upon the tossclated pavement which encircled the ancient monastic dwelling,
in order to inhale its fragrance, yet more freely.
But the lady's mournful countenance and garb of
widowhood harmonised not, with the gaiety which surrounded her; neither did her pale cheek Hush, nor her
dull eye brighten, us she saw and felt the beauty of the
peaceful scene before her.
Minutes passed; she stood there still ; her gaze was
on the tranquil sea, her thoughts were wilh the lost and
deud. " But ten years since,'' she murmured, " a short
ton years ago, I stood in youth and youthful hopes
upon this very spot; a bridal veil was over me—a
husband's arms around mo I The blessings of my
parents, the congratulations of my friends, wore
showered on my union : 1 was—-
" The homage of u thousand hearts, the fond decj
love of one I
"Row '.hanged is nil become I For five successive
years, a darling babe was bom—born but lo taste
and refuse Ihe bitter cup of life! And thou, my Beaufort I through what yours of long and painful suffering
wort thou to me the kindest, and the best, and tho
most beloved and dourest of all human ties I My
parents nnd my children's loss I bore with resignation,
for thou wort near to comfort and sustain mo ; but
when fpur years ago thy dear remains were laid beneath
the chancel stone, my only hope in life hnd lied, and,
like a wearied bird, I longed to fold my wings and be
at rest I"
A full chorus of feathered songsters broke in upon
the lady's meditations, and roused her into observation
of their proceedings ; some  sweet   choristers,  secure
from  molestation, woro sinning lustily whilst perched
upon Iho  lowest branches of the building trees, others
wore Hying through the air with bils of moss and wool
.to lino  the  delicate  habitations  they   were  about to
■occupy; mid it  few  wore twittering and contending
"upon the gravel walk about a shining bit of straw,
which was evidently of much importance lo the aerial
architects.    Tho low hum of boos was heard, and their
bright forms  wero  seen  glancing on from   llower to
flower,   extracting   their   sweetest   distillations   with
untiring industry.    Lady Blanche  was struck  by their
activity, a  new idea thrust itself upon her mind, and
her thoughts  found  vent in words.    "Those  birds, so
busily  preparing their habitations, those  boos, so industriously providing for their future wants, may  nnd
u   lesson  unto  me ;   you  little   things,   insignificant
though   we   call  you,   fulfil your  purl in creation and
spend your days in cheering  and benefitting mankind ;
but I—what do  I do?    What  have I done  to   benefit
my fcllow-crcaturcs .'    Absorbed in my own sorrows, 1
have  selfishly  shut   myself   out   from   society,   and
scarcely   acknowledge  tho   claims  of kindred   or  of
friendship.    I. have  not gladdened tho  sorrowful  like
those sweet birds, neither have 1 boon so useful or industrious ns the, more humble boo.   Money I have given
but time and  sympathy  have I'withlicld.    Ono  talenl
has  been  employed,  but the   oilier nine  have  been
folded up, and laid aside in idleness and inertion."
A slight movement behind attracted the lady's nttcu-
tentioii, and she turned towards tho window, from
which the housekeeper had just advanced wilh a
quicker and less deferential step than usual.      —«•
"Madam—my lady," exclaimed she, with much ox-
citeracnt of tone and manner, "Iconic for your permission to go down to the hamlet; a dreadful wreck
took place in last night's gale, and the bodies of the
sufferers have been removed from the beach to Richard
Tremlet's dwelling; among them is a woman who has
given some faint signs of life, mid Dr Hinewoll, who
has sent for me, thinks that she must shortly become
a mother I"
" Cood Heavens I how dreadful I— poor creatures 1
Run, Mil on—run to her assistance; take whatever will
be necessary, or send for all you want—baby-linen,
nutriment—all the Abbey contains is at her service.
Stay, I will, myself, accompany you."
Even Mason, occupied as her thoughts wero by the
suffering woman, stared in astonishment nt her lady's
sudden resolution of visiting Ihe sick woman ; for,
since Mr. Beaufort's death Lady Blanche had yielded so
entirely to her regretful feeling as to have become
incapable of the, slightest exertion, and the compassionating housekeeper liudbeen her willing almoner and made
herself generally loved among the poor but honest, people
who inhabited tho little fishing hamlet of West  Creek.
Her surprise was,, therefore,  great, as  she watched
her lady  cross the  room with more agility than she
had displayed for the lust five years: nor was it dimin-
 I,.iii-l   Mini   lmniiet.   hoi
1 lie ui'ui   in    ,,i 11.,,,^ ...
II room, lit the further end of which, On a small chest
bedstead, was extended a tall, skeleton-like form,
whoso expanded eyelids alone gave signs of life. Her
largo, dilated orbs on which tho liliu of death wns
gathering, wore fixed on Mr. Binowcll, who, standing
by her side, was holding, wrapt in the coarsest ser™"
child will have  few1 personal attractions-to boast of;
but a life of hardship such us, poor creature, hers must
have  been,  is  sufficient to  destroy  every  vestige of
beauty I"
!     "A life of hardship! my dear lady, you are deceived.
I very much deceived in thinking the sweet babe's mother
i 'i i -l...
IJV    I ii. I   ,'i„v,   .,,...   ,,,,......
n newly-born female infant,    Ii was  a tiny   thing, but
j very nun ii m,, ,,,,. ,,, ,...
J belonged to the poor or working classes.    Oh, no I she
1     --- I   --' l'..l   T   ,.,,,,  en  linnn_
Basse, Mr.
Bnndlih, C. L.
Baillot, Jules
Bonn, Samuel
Bouret, Mons.
Boulton, J.
Brewster, William
Bavvden, Alfred
Beildinglield, Edward
Brow, W. J.
Build, James G.
Bate, Mark
Busardo, Sol.
Burtlctt, John
Bates, II. T.   (2)
Bourkc, Thomas
Barry, John
Bcss'eloii, Charles K.    (2)
Bets, James
Buily, 0.
Boyce, Anthony
Baxter, Wm. R.
Birk, William
Boles. George
Brown, Mrs. H. II.
Bradley, Mrs. C.
Bulencin, Senra. Dona. (!.
Barllcinun, Mrs.
Burlium, Mrs. L. L.
Basset, Miss Mary Anno
C
its perfect proportions, healthy look, and active limbs
gave promise of a long existence, and its helpless State
and  desolate  condition  culled  forth  all  the pent-up
tenderness and benevolence of the wurin-licarted Lady
Blanche.
Mason  and  herself had  entered  unperccived,  nnd
si I silently by, unwilling to disturb the awful sol-
emnity of the scene. At first all other thoughts bill
those of joy seemed banished from the mind of the
new-made mother; but gradually a full sense of her
approaching death, and her child's destitute situation
appeared to come upon her, changing all so bright and
fair into horror and dismay. She started up and made
a vigorous attempt nt utterance, but speech hnd failed
her, nnd her eyes glanced wildly round in search of
some ono who would understand and commisscratc her
sufferings. Her pleading glances rested on Lady
Blanche, the appeal was understood, and irresistible.
She feebly pointed to the child.
" 1 will," said Lady Blanche ; " she shall bo my cure,
and I will be to her a mother."
The dying woman evidently comprehended every
syllable, nnd for some moments her penetrating gaze
rested on her ladyship's features, as if she would read
her inmost   soul ; the  scrutiny seemed to satisfy her
• I- -   .-..1
was a lady born and bred, and never did 1 see so beautiful a creature I One thing vexes me to the heart—I
could have wept for the dear baby's sake—she wore no
wedding-ring I"
A deep impressive silence followed this unexpected
avowal : so startling to the pure-minded Lady Blanche
was the idea of nursing and cherishing the offspring of
unlawful love—ol bestowing her unsullied name nnd
noble estates upon a being branded with the stain of
illegitimacy I But the moinenlury indecision passed
away ; her kind heart pleaded for the helpless innocent,
and tho remembrance of the vows taken freely and
voluntarily by the death-bod of its departing parent,
made her resolve, at all hazards, to brave the opinion
of the world, nnd the censure of her friends, nnd to
perform a mother's part towards the tender infant .so
solemnly and mysteriously confided to her care.
On the ensuing morning, Lady Blanche again
sought Tremlet's cottage, and after spending some time
in fondling the precious baby, who she fell wns born
to call forth all the warmest fellings of her inmost
heart, she approached the bed. and, with a trembling
hand, drew aside the handkerchief which covered the
I countenance, of its hapless, ill-fated mother.
I     Speechless with surprise and admiration, her lady
    II ■••"I   nt Hint    iierl'e'i
licr inmost, soul; the scrutiny seemed to satisfy her, I     ^l"'''1111™  ••■"• ■ ■■"■i	
for, with a temporary accession of strength, she look ship's eyes rested on every lineament of that perfect
tho babe from Mr. Binowcll and motioned to the bice. A sm|lc (>f' angelic sweetness so illumined the
ground. alabaster skin, that the agitated beholder could scarce
Lady Blanche complied with her expressive gestures,    persuade herself she gazed upon the inanimate features
and   advanced  to her  side,  knelt   down  to   receive   of Iho dend.    Unconsciously she sought her hand, but
the precious charge which wns lo bo consigned to her   shrank   Instinctively  from  its  icy   coldness,  yet  she
sole cure and  guardianship, saying ns she did so, "It    looked upon it   ns it lny uncovered,  rivaling  in snowy
may comfort you, dear sister iii nllliction, to know thai   hue the linen on which it rested.    It wns the left, that
vou arc giving your dour bubo'to one who possesses   hand which should have borne the pledge of honorable
both  the   will 'nnd   the  power  of  befriending   her.   love—,of holy wedlock I but no golden circlet, emblem
Widowed  mid   childless,   1   am  responsible   for   my   of purity nnd  nuptial love, adorned  ils  taper  fingers,
actions to no earthly being, and the nnmo, the tender- \ With u deep sigh   Lady Blanche turned nwoy, grieved
ncss, Ihe wealth my own sweet girl would have iuheri- i l" the soul that one so beautiful  should have  fallen n
ted shall be wholly nnd undividedly hers.    Whatever ■ victim '" ""' arts of the destroyer. Then, sinking upon
her desliiiv by  birth might be, il could hardly 1 think ! m''' lilu"'''-;. ?l"' pvnyed that, the child entrusted to her
be more brilliant or happier than that 1 give unto her,   care  might grow up  in innocence  and  virtue, and be
as  the adopted  child  and  heiress  of  Lady  Blanche   endowed with grace and wisdom from on High.    Com-
Beauforl," resumed her ladyship, after n pniisc, during \ Ported by the action, and strengthened in her resolution
which she had silently received the infant so solemnly   ()t' personally superintending the education of her pro-
placed by its dying parent in her arms. '  * tcg°0isliu entered into some arrangements for the inter-
Scarcely  we're'lhc  words  uttered, when  a violent 1 nicnt of the bodies, and after  again embracing her lit-
sliirl, an exclamation of surprise, u vain attempt at an \ llp foundling, she proceeded to tho vicarage, to consult
embrace, testifying extreme and pleasurable emotion, ; the friendly pastor on  the inscription  which would be
was followed'by'Ihe  sull'oror  suddenly  lulling  back   mosl suitable to bo engraven on the headstones.
lifeless upon   Iho pillow I    Without a  sigh, without a :■     Tho clergyman said that the only difficulty was with
groan,  the  emancipated  spirit  had burst  its earthly I the hidy, as the clothes worn by the woman, supposed
bonds,  and   Lady   Blanche, after offering up a  fervent i to be '»or attendant, wero all marked in plain churnc-
prnyer to Iho Throne of Grace for its reception in Ihe ' tors—" Clandino Tussaud 1" but that he understood the
realms of glory, renewed again her maternal vows, nnd   lady's habiliments, though  of Ihe finest texture, were
giving the infant into Mason's charge, left the  cottage,    unmarked, and of a singular formation.    His wife had
unattended,  and  proceeded  slowly and   thoughtfully | assisted Mrs. Mason in performing the last snd offices for
upon her homeward way. '   I ,,n''1   the sufferers, and had seen all their apparel cure-
,,              .             ,.                      .      „,      ,            ,   S I'ullv  packed  and  conveyed  to the Abbey, under  the
Her attention was diverted by seeing Trcmlct stand- [ im,u.OS9ion thnt it mjeht hereafter bo the happy means
ing where she had parted  Irom linn  about two hours | of restorm„ tll0 ,„,,  k,,, himnl l0 lu,r fnnlUv uml ki„.
buloru, nnd under lltoimpression licit it was a duly she i d,cd
owed her protegee lo lcnrn all the particulars of the „ j, d(Jftr Mr Gm.vftisc>. saW udy Blanche, "if you
wreck which had deprived the poor infant of u parent, valu0 my ,1oaco „r m5nd ncvor agaill n)iudc to the
she stopped and held a long conversation with the p08sibiiity „,- Slicll ,,,, cvon) , Think how, for years, it
young and adventurous fisherman. lm3 ,,m,',,.. fatu t„ ..,,,, each obicct „,■ mv foud affections
It appeared that the evening before, two vessel,, the ,,„.„ ,..,„,, my «rrnsii—lost to my sight forever I "1'is true
ono a heavily-laden trader, the other a small nnd ill- j Bdwftrd um,J ('1(,|U. , .„.,. t ml ,„ ]m, . ,ml Q(,_
rigged barque, were, scon ut intervals, as the vivid ^,,1^^ u.oy are with an increasing family, and settled
Hashes ol   ightumg revealed them struggling with the j ,,,  .(1 t  ft-  aistance, they can ill fill up the aching
billows, which then rose mountains high, feignns of • vok, h| chocrlcss solitarv honrti Accustomed from
distress were given Irom the ship, which struck about ;i Hiihlhood to affection, it is as necessary to mv ex-
niidnight upon a ow ndgo of dangerous rocks, known jslenco us the air I breathe; and now, when ail <hc
by the nnmo ol I ighboroiigh Bead, louul them was flb|>(,3 of m ,,„,,., .,,,, ,,„Uvi„i,,,, round this precious
impossible; tho distance from tho shore, the darkness b]lb , j b;lV,, „i,.cftdy pictured to myself years ol
ol the night, the violence of tho wind, which blew a j duliglltful (,C(.,,pall.,„. in which I may watch her growth,
period hurricane, rendered all attempts to launch a andbdirectUlc expanding powers of lftr youlliful mind
boat, unavailing. But the attention ol iho watchers to yy-mXom and virtuc wouW ..„„ ^j^vc mo of tha.
upon.land was soon attracted to nn object in an oppo- plongur0| an(] j,ive i„„. over to the cure of poor and
site direction, and much nearer shore and the bravest gm,did ,.t.latiou, who might think her an incumbrance,
heart among them quailed, as shrieksI of despairing ,Uid chill her warm young heart by coldness or indif-
terror borne upon the air wore distinctly hoard amid    <■ •»
the pealing thunder and the rush of waters. Tho ill- -J,,. Go,,vaigo s,liu something iniplving his ignorance
rated barque was tossed upon the breakersj, which were of jjnay uinnch0's intentions with regard to the little
roaming on tho shore at the base of the Black hock; a foundHng. but her ladyship heard him not, she was too
rock well known and dreaded by tho simple dwellers nm(.h rl,.,,,„,,! by hol: own thoughts.
at \S est Creek, as within its dark recesses was n cavern .. N „ resumod ',,,,. in(}yship, « I will not resign her.
in which a band ol bold and fearless smugglers evading [Ior „^n „,„„„,,. pincort ,,'„,,;,, my nrmg „,,,, ,u,d h .
all detection, continued to carry on their unlawful in lbe boliof that I would love and cherish her. And,
practices.    A crash was  heard, the little, vessel was In    ,    „„, ,„.,   of ,.Ic j wil] do g0 »
splinters!    Shriek  followed shriek—a plunging sound      -,,.,,, unj'ortimate circumstance wns the result of this
and all was still. . ,    .     conversation; instead of renewing her intercourse with
Tho  watchers  upon   the shore passed Iho  night in    the world n3  ,iK,  the previous morning had resolved
pacing up and down  the  pebbly beach, hoping that   on aoing, Lady Blancho avoided all  society, and lived
 ''->-i " <l.e  \],l,ev. under the ininrossion.
Cramplin, Miss Mary
Cahmels, Mons. A.    (3)
Cambcllin, James
Creighton, William
Cusson, Charles
Campbell, Neil
Calhoun, D. C.
Christopher, A.
Crook, Brutus
(,'artagneto, I'rancisco
Clark, W. B.
Cote, Niircissc
Clcrjon, Dr.
Chase, Whitford
Clemens, Chas. R.
Caurbnt, Joseph
Cameron, William    (2)
Crellin, Thomas
Conk, Timothy
Cnrrie, John
Covert, M. C.
Crother, George
Carter, Paris
Copeland, Capt. W. M.
Dobbs,  Francis A.
Hay, Dan
Downs, Edward
Dickson, Thomas
Deaves, Joseph
Dnrnn, J.
Davis, Thomas C.
Driiiff, P.
Dubois, Daniel
Davis, Alexander
Dnvoy, John
Duncan, Captain
Donovan, James
Dnhm, Carstcn    (2)
Dvvoll, Wm. B.
Drew, John
Dyer, W. II.
Dronaghan, James
Ditmnrs, Tho-.
Davis, Mrs. Jane M.
Eyers, John
Rlliott, W. A.
Kstnll, Thos.
Biking, James
Kphgravs, Amos
Hdwiirds, Stephen
Ivlwnrd.s, Frederick
Gttershunk, Chas.
Kvcrhart, Daniel
End, F,
Court, Martin
Carey, B. F.    ('-')
Covopo, Carlo
Collins,' E. K.    (3)
Ciireh, Mons.
Cntline, James
Cnrr, Robert R.
Crook, John
Cowon, ,1. F.    (2)
Chnrpenter, Bordes
Cane, James L.
Culson, Joseph
Colo, Wm.
Carey, Sninuel
Chouiu, Francisco
Church, George
Carpenter, Dr. W. M.
Clarke, George W.
Castlcr, Dwight    (2)
Cadell, P.
Cloudy, A.
Ciistel'lo, Micliacl
Cliambourgi Mons.
Ciirny, Edward
1)
(2)
(3)
E
(»)
Ford, Michael
Frye, Jesse    (2)
Pagan, Joseph
Filgshlcr, Gnslavo
Fell, E. L.   (-2)
Fiko, B.C.
Fletcher, Josiah
Pagan, 1'.
Foreman, Solomon
Ferris, Michael
Feoney, William
Forbes, David
Fagan, P. J.
drier, Mrs.
j Gordon, James
Crillis, Dan
Gowcn, Chas.
Goldsworlliy, Wm.
Giroux, Isuic   (2)
Girod, Vincent
(loci/., George
Grady, James J.
Grynn, R. Thos.
Dandrcdge, John
Drununond, Hugh
Denvey, Wm,
Deholt, Lorcn
Deigliton, Richard
Dehaistc, Joseph
Davis, I'. A.
Drummond, Jnmes J.
Darrah, Joseph
Davis, Thos. C.    (2)
Duvcrn, Francois
Donavan, Michael
Deignan, John
Davis, Alman S.
Dole, S. R, M.
Dorscy, Patrick
Downs, Suniucl
Deigliton, John
Downey, John J.
Day, Miss Henrietta
Eaton, Miss Sarah J.
Eaton, Levi \V.
Emery, John S.
Elacsandor, Chas.
Evans, Erzn
Eustun, James
Entwistle, John
Bsterbrooks, E. D.
Ellis, G.
Evans, Capt. E.
Foils, M'Guiel A.
Frc/.aro, Mr.
Feerin, Morris T.
Fosbrook, II.
Franquclin, A.
Funslon, Joseph W.
Ford, John
Fernnnde'/., (Iregorio
Fibaldi, Givolamo
Fenso, William
Fool, William
Fit/.gibbon, John
Freeman, Jus. E
G
(2)
l,:" IIJK    "I	
they might yet rescue some poor mariner from a watery
grave, That hope wns not in vain, for jusl as daylight dawned, the body of a woman cam" floating
round ihe point, of the Black Rock, and Tremlcl plunging into the waves, liore it to Ihe shore and laid il
upon his children's bed. His wife seeing at a glance
how mailers stood, urged him to run for Mr. Blnewoll,
which ho l(i.-t no time in doing, and no ono rejoiced
more than honest Richard at tho unexpected birth of
our heroine,
Tremlet's quick eye gave him the advantage over his
companions, and his active limbs brought another body
to the land, but this time he wns not so fortunate as to
re-awaken animation   in the cold and  stiffened corpse
ii,..,  ,...._, _.                   'e yours: nor was it itimin- re-awuiven
ished when,  throwing on  a shawl  and  bonnet, her which he resigned to the core of his wife, hoping that
' ladyship  announced   herself ready  to  enter upon her tho necessity of exertion would wean her thoughts from
mournful expedition. dwelling on tho little one who. but the  day before  hnd
The park was  soon  crossed, and its quiet, verdant drawn its last crasp upon hor aching bosom,
'Ullty escaped  observation from the deeply-occupied
'   '" —'■" ' lii'i. nllondnut ; nil appeared
beauty ^^Sb'and I.erTflcndnnl full appeared
minds of La 1. Lanclie '                   ,     , ,    kcep0rs
as usual within .1^^      ..':';; b,sl, ni,hi's  ,1'„,,.
bad removed ejeryjosUge m ,       m^
But when they gamed     0 cda ,,.„,
gnloliad made     A .hon lyay ni .    i -     ^    .    ,   ,
tvoacltfious mn, whose dnru i	
tfVBH
on iioiii^, i,,i'it» ./,,..,	
-lid more secluded ill the Abbey, under lhc impression
caused by Mr. Gcrvniso'ii words, that her new-found
treasure might be taki n from her.
Tho remwns of the lady and Clandino Tussaud were
interred beneath a widely-spreading yew, in tho quiet
little churchyard of West Creek. Lady Blancho attended the funeral, and immediately afterwards stood at
the font for, nnd gave her own name to, the liltle foundling, who wns directly removed to the Abbey, to bo
under the more watchful caro of ils adoptod mother,
whom we will leave revelling in her blissful anticipations, and make ourselves acquainted with tho personages awaiting our introduction in the next chapter,
(TO I'.K   CONTINUED.)
Barnutn   being   asked   one  day,   the   secret   of -his
success, simply   limghod mid said, " Printer's ink."
■ 1   am happv, Med, to hear the report that vou  have
" And I   urn
Hoggs, Mrs. Mary
Hunter, Mrs. Sarah
Herring, Mrs. M.
Holmes, James W.
Hill, Hugh
Homo, James   (2)
llubbs, Paul K,
Howard, Alexander
I Hitchcock, Milton
| j Inward, ('has.
I Hnlsey, Samuel L.
} Rustler, J. (I.
j Higgins, W. B, S.
I Hlrschlcr, B.
Harvey, Hugh
Harlwell, Henry
Hastings, llo/.okinh
Bead, Bigger J.
Ilelliiir, William
Harrington, Michael
Harries, Essex Lloyd
Hocking, Win.
Harkrader, Win.
Howoth, C, II.
Haywood, Mark
Hale, If /.ekiah
Hugo, J. B.
Hardin, John M.
IJicklions, Chas.
Kahuelipc, George,
Kramer, Jacob
Kinnin, Joseph
Kocrker, A. R.
Kelly, Mrs. Xarcissa
Lung, Miss.
Laughton, Thos.
Lofevrc, Mr.
Love, James    (2)
Lakcman, Dr. J. S.
Lloyd, Chas.
Lemmon, Ceo.
Lyon, Joseph H.
Levingston, Andrew
Leroux, Mons.
Luckett, Luther L.
Law, Thos.
(«)
Kenedy, James P.
Kennedy, James
King, William
Keyer, (.'has.
Kinch, John
Lcavct, John B.
Leueven, D.
Lamastcr, Milton T.
Levetc, John, B. D.
Love, Peter
Lindscy, John
Lewis, Robert
Lavcn, Mons.    (2)
Lewis, L.
Lyn, Joseph II.
Leavers, Geo. W.
M
Martin, Mrs.
Magcc, Mrs. Susan
Morris, Mrs. Lottie
Mcllollister, John C.
Mason, Primus P.
McLaurin, L. F.
McCord, William
McCausland, U. J.
Morin, Gilbert
Moore, David
MeDongall, Robert
McDonald, John N.
Morrison, Harrison
Moorehouse, Charles
Mitchell, John
McGrcggor, John
Morrison, Thus.
Monnhan, John
Margisoir, Capt. Alonzo (
Masan, Gea'd.
McNeil, Henry
Merritt, Robert F.
McNny, Joseph Win.
Moore, John X.
Manlcy, Gcorgo
McCartin, James
Miller, William
M -c
Merril
Franc!
, F. A.
C2)
(2)
Xuson, Jus. II.
N'ahuit, Na S.
Sail, Mathcw
Odin, Ceo.    (2)
I Ousterhoutc, Peter
Mcacham, John
McGrcggor, Alexander
McKay, Ed ward
Marvin. Edward B.    (2)
Marriott, V. R.   (2)
Miller, S. L.
Murrv, R. R.
Miller, Jacob
Morton, John
Mothies, Henrich
Morgans Win
Miller, Mr.
Mitchell, Ceo.
Moll, Xiiver
McKcnzic, Hector
McDougle, John
Mooney, James
Mathews, Ceo. II.
. McPhcrson, David
McDonald, S. A.
McAllcy, Donald
McCarthy, Denis
McDonald, I). G. F.
Murphy, Garret
Mull, J. S.
McDonald, John
Morrison, (ioo.
Moore, John
Morris, John
McBcun, Isnnc
X
North, Constnntlno
Nnhoy, Mr.
Xovvvion, F. do
Xichol, Ceo.
(I
Orok, Edgar
Osborne, Thos. Alex.
Powell, Amos
! Picket, Martin
" Pcnrsc, B. W.
Petisnc, Fran.
1'omior, Jean
Ptirvcs, James
Potior. C.
Bilge, William
Peebles, John
I'opino, Henry
I'iaz/.ioni, Carlo
Pigeon, Moyso
[2]
v%
Ruppe, Madame Cclinn
Roberts. Win.
Ren. Bartholomew
Recce, Jonathan
Roid, Capt, James M.
Rochon, Octave
Robinson, John
Robertson, James
Ruel, Mr.
Itobb,  David    [2J
Reid, Robert
Iteboul, Pierre
Rice. A. J.
Reirdon, James
Roberts, Mr.
[2]
[2]
. II
[2]
Giddings, Edward
Golinsky, David    (2)
Gillcs, W.
('.ruble, 11.
(2)      Gray, Thus. M.
Gareiii, Manuel
Gnllick, W.
Cillall, Septimus
Grant, James P.
Givlor, Martin
Cont'd, Mr.
II
Husnclc, William
Hunt, John
Howe, James R.
Hardwick, Henry    [2]
Hawkins Richard
Hyde, G. Norman
llallnian, P. 0.
Home, James
(2)       Hick, Wm.
Hopping, Jacob D.
Bubbler, Mr.
Hurst, ('has.
(2)        Ilafkey, Isaac
llenicnnvor, Blhis F.
- .       llubiird, Ceo.
Ilnudy, Joshua
llurlbiiil, Jacob
Howe, Horace
Ilodgkiuson, Win.
Hutchinson, F. \V,
lloue, John
Haynos, Josiah
ilodgkiuson, James    (2)
Ilickop, Edward
Hankin T.
lliekin, (I.
llunkin, Clins.
Hathaway, Gldoo B.
Hilton, Mcanard
Scott, Mrs. Matilda
Stephen, John A.
Smith, William M.
Swigcrl, 1'.
Spobnrg, M.
Stockand, W
Smith, William
Stcdman, Isaac
Smith, William
Stern, Samuol
Sopl, Capt.
Saywai'd, W. P.
Subin, J. M.
Scott, J. D.
Smith, II. C.
Socex, William
Sullivan, Jeremiah
Stephens, J. A.
Smith, Olicvcr
Sparrow, A.
Shelfor, W. V.
Smith, William'
Sampson, William
Sullivan, John
Sleod, Henry
Smith, W. II.
Stockand, Peter
Stewart, Dr. Joe B
Tilghnimi, Mrs. H.
Taylor, Chas.   [1]
Townseiid, B. A.
Thomas, James
'Pinion, L.
Tillman, John L.
Tyra, Franklin
Thomns, W. P.
Thcophile, Verner
Toaf, C.
Thomas, James    [2]
Thomas, F. A.
P
[2] Pedro, Mr
Palmii, Juan
Phillips, Andrew
is Poore, A. B.
Philpott, Edward
l'inoere, Eugene    ['.']
Pickett, Chns. B.
Pnttcrson, James A.
Potter, G. 11.    [2]
Price & Seymour
Pitsonin, Carlo
Purler, Robert
Prilehard, Nathan
Q
Qnimlcv, F. J.
R
Ritcr, Joseph I).
Rising, Horace
Richardson, Win. It.    [2]
Ray, William
Robinson, II. R.
Ricks. Thomas
Rapsclgco, J. W.
Richards, Wm.
Riter, J. D.
Raymond, Mr.
Russell, Thos.
Rontlodge, T. S.
Royal, Alexander
Riugo, I' i i in ii t nl
Ries, Stephen
Rath, William
S
Stephen, Wm.
St. Germain, Mons.
Sohultze, Wilhelm    [2]
Stern, S.
Sander, R. K.
Stilletch, Lorenzo
Swift, ('has. A.
Shaw, Thomas
Smith, Thos. M.
Simpson, 1. M.
Segiiornane, Mons.
Sanderson, John
Simpson, Chas.
SchnaU, A. J.
Siirrel, J aequo
Smith, Robert
Smith, Plasuut
Sfoviius, J. A.
Sparrow, A.
Sobb'erg, C. C.
Smith, Capt. T. II.
Srossby, Mr.
Smith,'II. 1).
Shcon, John
Summers, Mathcw
Sampson, .lames
Shaw, Walter
Smith, Bbbct
Simpson, Chas. S.
T
Ticrnnn, Richard
Thompson, Sam.
Toppett, Andrew
Trnnors, Egiistus
Thomson, O. K.
[21        Toy, Peter
Tomlinson, ('. A.
Thomson, William
Tocgardin, William
Thomson, 0. W. Kinglcr
Thomns. Eugene
Tail, John    [2]
I'rhank, Leil
I
Isincs,
In answer to Lady Blanche's inquiries, Trcmlct said i         , r. ; -
he believed the bodies of both Iho women came from succeeded to a, largo lauded properly
the smaller vessel, ns the force of Iho current was too sorry lo loll you that il is groundless."
grcnl to allow anything from the trader lo he drilled \N |,.]sn Advkutiskmknt.—" If the gentleman who
upon Hint shore, lie also expressed his opinion Unit keeps a shoe storo, wilh a red head, will return ihe
whatever valuables the hapless barque contained, would ; im,i„(.|;;, which he harrowed of n young ladv with mi
find ample accommodation in lhc smuggler's cave. 1 ivory handle, ho will hoar of something to her ndvnn-
"This," said he, touching the wood with his ''•"", "was i blue."
useless, therefore, with tho bodies it was suffered to bo j     \ merchant of a certain city, who died rocenlly, left
tier  written to  one of Ills cure-non.
Jamison, Win. G
j Jarvis, Wm..:i\
J .Tones Chns.
Jeffries x Banks
.lone,-, Frederick
Justh k Hunter
Jenkins, Chns.
Johnson, A. D.
.Ice, Richard
(3)
0)
Job
Lewis
Johnson, Georgo
Johnson, Adam
Jacquomon,  Victor
Jordan, William    (2)
Jacob!, D.
Johnson, R. 11.
Jones, John
Jackson, John
John, Rudolph II.
Mrs. Fanny
Valencia, Senra. D'na. G.
Vninberg, E. II.
Van Every, A. W.
Wnid,  W, II,
Williams, dipt. J.
Wims, John
Win-skill, William
Woodard, 0. II.
Williams, Chas. II.
Wright, T.
Whitford, David
Willis, Wm.
Waugli, William
While, J. L.
Wade, W. II.
Wheiirfy, James    [2]
Wier, .Tamos
Williams, C. II.
Waters, W. F.
Wright, Mr.
Wegner, Mons.
Wolf, M. (!.
Weston, F.
Williams, John   [2]
Walker, J. C.
Weeks, Frcem.in L.
U
V
w
Ulll, John
Vnight, Julius
Victoria, J. 0.
Vitilel, James
Wins, John
Wakefield, Joseph
Watson, .1. A.
While, Joseph L.
Wlcr, James
Waters, Joseph
Wilson, II. 0.
Wright, dipt. Thos.
Wandlv, Henry
Willie,'C. A.
Warrington, Henry
Webb, Henry
Watson, Adam
Wollff, L.
Wall, 11. F.
Wright, John
Wilson, C. (<.
Wells, A. B. S.
Wat-skill, William
Wirlh, John
Wood, E. F.
Wright, Thos.
Walker, John
7,
P
Zebbae, Mons.
W. DRISCOLL COSSET,
Acting Post Master General.

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