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The Daily News 1916-02-02

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Ar* an Effective Sailing Pore*
^ Wai%
"*" •' *6»
Eb  WlWiri
* ' -trttpt*
FOL.^1*   No. 250
|$)rop Bombs on Borne Towns and in Rural Sections of
Norfolk, Sulfoli, Derby, Leicester, Stafford an<f
Lincoln, Is Official Announcement at London
l&ennans Beport That All Craft Returned Safely to
lljeir Base and That Birkenhead Docks and Bat-   j
r %i"y Were ftft--<J20 Missiles Dropped During
'•-:Nocturnal Visit—Mist Hampers Foe
:   (By Dally New* Leased Wire.)
''•'.   LONDON, Feb. SV—Commenting
>on tt»» German offiolal atat.m.nt
,«f 1|« J#pa*lln raid en England,
ih* morning paper* deny that any
bomb. w*r» dropp*d in Manchester,
', Liverpool, Birkenhead, sr Nottingham.     , ' '-■   „
•'. '"Neither th*a.   plaen   nor the
cauntl*. In whloh th*y «re .ituatsd
> w*r* even vlaitad by the raiders,"
•aid th* Chroniol*.
'LONDON, Feb.  l.—Flfty-foui- per-
| sop* killed*and 67 Injured was the re-
, *tilt of the raid of German   airships
[ over Norfolk,    Suffock,    Derbyshire,
| 4«lce*ter«hlre, Staffordshire and Lin-
' "nshlre Monday night, according to
i official report of the British gov-
iBMnttn all,   300    bombs    wero
dropped from the aircraft, and consld-
—W* (Material damage was done in
i.part.of Staffordshire.   Berlin re-
t» that all the   airships   returned
safely.to their base, and declares that
l?ojnbe Were dropped in the vicinity of
I Hyerppolari^ Birkenhead docks.
4        64, klli*di 67 Injured.
LONDON, Feb.  1.—Fifty-four pei-
sons were killed and 67 Injured In laat
night'* aeppelln    raid.   The. figures-
!ol*uobl}bn«»8''iny*n o^fjclal state-
, Units! h&» this afternoon and
.. *aaVe.baaati were flropped at
several toWha tod in rural dlstrlcta in
perbyahlre,   Leiceatershlre,    Lincoln-
shire-and Staffordshire,   Some damage
to property waa caused.
■■ It   was officially  stated that  230*
bomb* were dropped by the seppelins
daring the air raid.
(it appear* that the raiders were
hampered by a thick mist: After
crossing the coast the Seppelins steered by various course* and dropped
bomb* at several towns and In rural
district, in Derbyshire, Leicestershire,
Lincolnshire and. Staffordshire.
No Military. Damage
An additional offiolal statement was
Issued thla evening as follows:
"'Further reiiOTts of last night's raid
show that the evening's air attack
covered,a larger area than on any
paevloui oceaaion.   . ..
£Bombe war* dropped in Norfolk,
Mfolk.:  L'neo'n»hire,   Lelcesterahire,
Staffordshire, Derbyahire, the number
being eat'tnated at MO.
"Bitcopt In one part of Staffordshire,
th. material damage was not consider*
aW* an* no military damage was done.
"No further casualties have been re-
Tot*! of 292 Killed
With one. exoeption last night's raid
used the greatest number of casual-
i of any.atnce the beginning of the
On tho occasion of the last at-
k on London, made on the night of
,:. H, 86 p»rs»ns were killed and 114
»unde«7 according to an official
fMt, nig'lit'a *>rald is the nineteenth
■awrtad officially from London. The
flrat oconrred on Jan. 10 of.last year,
le total of casualties reported prev-
P waa 178 Hilled ahd 486 Hounded,
fllch, with, the figures thus far re
ceived from last night's attack, brings
up the number to 282 killed and 530
Claim  They  Reached  Liverpool
BBI1LTN, *Peb. 1.—Wireieas to Say-
ville.—The Gorman admiralty report
on .tht* zeppelin raid on England says
that Incendiary bombs were dropped
on and near Liverpool, Birkenhead,
Manchester, Nottingham, Sheffield and
Gr,?at Yarmou'h. Violent f res occurred, All the airships returned safety;
Tho statement says:
"A- German air squadron during the
night of Jan. 31-Feb. 1 dropped a largo
number of incendiary bombs on .and
neat* Liverpool and Birkenhead docks,
harbor and -factories, also on the Manchester iron works and blast furnaces
and on the Nottingham and Sheffield
factories and blast furnaces, and, finally, on a large number of industrial
establishments on the Humber and
near Great Yarmouth, Norfolk. At all
these places a powerful effect was observed from heavy explosions 'Mi most
serious fires. On the Humber one battery was silenced.
" "The airships were heavily fi»od on
ffom all points, but were^not hit. 411
the airships ,ln spite of the enemy's'
efforts, returned safelyy_-    *:.
Pre.ld.nt Peine*!-* Add*-***** Soldier*
—Neutral W.lfar. D.p.nd. on
D.f.st of th* Emmy
"■ (By Daily Mew* Leased Wire.)
I PARIS, Pet). 1.—"If the task In this
war ls formidable for ua, lt is no leas
ao for our allies, who, like ourselves,
db hot intend to become the prey of
German cupidity," sa'd President Poincare today at a fete In honor ot soldiers derorated wl the Cross of War.
"Neutrals themselves, If they have a
clear notion Of their permanent inter-
eat*, cannot be entirely d'slnterested
In a conflict tn which so Knur nations
are engaged," continued fhe ' president. "Those among them* Who have
shown or affirmed sympathy for us,
those even whose preferences appear
uncsrtaln, all -have a vital; interest In
our victory.   ■ '.,..',*' , '-yy.yJ
"Neither we nor bur .allies .have any
Ill-feeling or prejudice against any- of
them. They h'aye,, Iu- return, everything to fear from tlie invading and
perfidious powers which see in treaties
only scraps of paper and which find a
savage voluptuousness In crushing
small nations."
Snow Tie* Up Railway*' in Minnesota
and Dakota**—Coal. Famine
Become. 8erioua.
[   (By Daily News Leased Wire.)
MINNEAPOLIS, Minn., Feb, 1.—
Mlnesota, North and South Dakota,
and the states farther west, are suffering keenly from the effeots of the
recent storms. ..Coal famines are reported from many points in North- Dakota. Grand Forks in particular. Train
service on the three transcontinental
roads,- the Great Northern, Northern
Pacific and the Chicago, Milwaukee
& St, Paul, is almost completely tied
up. In Grand Forks, according to reports reaching here, tiie dealers are
limiting .the amount - of coal sold to
each customer to just. enough to get
Along on for a few days. The demand
for fuel is so great- that hundreds of
families are without* It.
Trains from the west on the Great
Northern, Northern Pacific and Milwaukee roads are running from 24
hours to 72 hours late. The Great
Northern coast train which* was due
tn Mineapolls last Saturday, has turned, around and gone 'back to Seattle,
according to Information, received
here today. Many trains have been
canceled altogether on account of the
Inability of the' roads to cope with
the weather, conditions.
The snow in the mountains has
hampered the travelers going west.
Several trains have come..'back to
Minneapolis after.having started west,,
only to be stalled ln North Dakota.
Went Enemy in Minor Infantry Engagement*—Artillery Still Bear.
Brunt ef Battle,
I Uy Daily News Leased Wire.)
LONDON, Feb. 1.—'From 'Riga to the
Stripa river there have been several
infantry engagements in which the
Austro-Germaus were worsted by the
Russians, according to Petrograd, but
the fighting qn this front also lias'been
mostly -by the. big guns.
PETROGRAD, Feb. 2.—The following. official . statement was Isued last
nlght::    '■'■
; "A- lively artillery duel continued
ybsterddy to the Riga tegloh: "In* ihb
Oger district the enemy developed a
violent, machine gun fire.    '
"At Fredrchstadt a detachment of
Germans in white uniforms, who tried
to cross the frozen Dvlna, wero dispersed by our fire.
"Near the village of GodutschiscMtl,
east of Svenlsiany, our aviators bombed enemy convoys and a train. Near
Lako Norotcho the Germans fired
shells of largo calibre, emitting a pungent odor.
"Oh Gen. Ivanoff's front weyhad a
successful artillery action on the
Stripa, resulting ln the defeat of the
enemy's offensive in the Wooded re-
Ion northeast of Bouchatache.''    /
■'. (By Dally News Leased wire.)
JWjaSHINGTON, Feb. 1.—Until it is
deoMefl whether the German commander aboard the British steamer Appam,
brought qje ship to an American port
jaaya, prise of war or as a converted
auxiliary cruiser of the German navy,
there will be no determination of the
American government'* course re-
*P«o|ln« the »hlp.
Vtbtp oertaln formalities have been
compiled with the ihlp's passengers,
including 'several British colonial official*, will be released and their disposition y pasted on by immigration
autljorltie*.', ■:;■-...-.
..'/Ml. prisoners of war will be released
bqeatiw international law/ permits no
Prtsoner* to be held in a neutral country, TOeyttnlttd Statta then, finally,
wiu have to deal with the German
cpm under* Llaut. Berge, and if It*
"tMattr* are acoednted >n the naval
(tvlte otiOermany, «* were the crews
ffea^Miti'' '■ Oital Frlederieh and
ft** ,WlMl*uB, already Interned at the
*H«ik aavy yard,-they, too, will ho
interned onuW* their *hlp goea to aea
to run th* oor4»n.«f British erulaers.
■*>..... ' QuMtten• la- Oamplax ,
A* to she dtaSMlMon of th* Appam
tpat'.tf- Uy|»;.:»*l« to be an auxiliary
>fl«la)r. W*;*r*}teuu>der will have the
»pye>n of. lnl.rnTng or putting to sen,
\ titln a ceriAllii time to make* repaJra'
and take provisions. Jf it is declared
i prize tho situation becomes more
'complex and In that event It ls~ad-
|taltted that tho United States will have
ltO''*d*eal with probably the most ndyel
question concerning its neutrality that
has arisen during the war.
A* *one. of ihe: flrst'stepa, the problem' probably will be referred to the
neutrality board, which is an unofficial body. The .boards' findings,
while. merely advisory, have weight
with the state department. t
A failure tb regard the notice to quit
the American waters, would oblige the
-port authorities, supposing they regarded- the Appam as a* prize, tb take
off* and Intern the German prize crew
and to turn the Appam over to .the
nearest British consul, iii order that
it-might be restored to Its civil owners..' *;*       ■■-.;'. -:-' \  *
But iby his declaration to; Collector
Hamilton that hla ahlp wa* a German
atxlliary crulaer, Llput. Berge ha* In-
Jocted a new element Into the problem. This involve* the right of tho
icommaniiihg officer of a prise to
change the character of a ship While
on the high seas front a nlmple merchantman to a war vessel. It ie admitted at tho state department, and
even among naval officer*, though the
latter aro proole <or take-;the Gertnah
View fntihia matter, that thi* whole
question la clouded with doubt.v^
Enemy   Datachmenta   Driven   Back-
Civilian t-opulatien Suffer. Under
Auetrian Artillery Fire
(By Dally News Leased Wire.)
LONDON; Feb. 1.—A single infantry
attack, hear Monte Rombon, where the
Ituhans repubeu the Austrlans, is tne
most Important ope.a.lons, aside from
the usual arilUei y act.ons, reported
from the Austio-ltalian tront.
KoMK, l*eb. 2.—The following official abatement waa issued iast night:
i "ih'tho upper Cordevole region there
has been a lively artillery duel in the
Lionalongo zone. In the Campo Plezzo
district enemy detachments which
tried to approach our positions south
oi' Monte Rombon were repulsed.
1 "On the Isonzo front enemy artillery
threw shells on Cormons railway station and on the Moraro country, there
being some victims among the population:;"     '
Captures Several, Towns in
\      Kamerun
Many Deserters Are Surrendering to Franco-
British Troops
(By Dally News Leaned Wire.)
LONDON, Feb. l.-rSucceaaea for
both the BritiBlV and French forces In
the Kamerun, the German colony ln
'western equatorial Africa, are announced in an official statement today as follows:
''Further Information < from West
Africa states that the French column
under Lieut.-Col. Faucon occupied
Bolowna. southwestern Kamerun, on
Jan. 18 after mee.lng slight resistance,
while the Britten column under Ma.'or
Coles engaged the enemy at Elabe, 20
miles to the northeast; driving back
the enemy and taking 13 Gorman
prisoners. •
"No BrjUsh: European casualties
were reported. - ,   .
Captures Mafaub
"Lleut.-Col. Haywood, arriving at
Bolowna on Jan. 24, immediately took
up the pursuit of -the enemy, captur
ing Mafaub, 17 miles to the south. He
reports that he had 22 casualties and
was advancing on Nkan. On tho
same day the enemy was driven from
Ngat by the French, who had 1-1 casualties. ' '   ■ ■ :    •"• ,
"Gen, Dobcll reports-bn Jan. 25 that
he had received Information that tho
Kamerun coast line itself was clear of
the enemy.
"A report from Bata, .in ..Spanish
Muni, on the coast, states that there
were rijore thir. 700 German Euro
yeans on the Spanish frontier, itany
deserters from thp, enemy ars surrendering to the BriftVh ahd French, fully
"Oh Jan. 28 a company of Belgian
troops arrived ot Ja'nde from duty on
the French line of commuhicati'ms.1
Satisfactory progress by the British
forces' In Fast Africa was announced
today in an official statement-from
Gen. Smith-Dorrlen, which savs:
"Gen, Smith-Dorrlen reports that
good progress Is being made with the
branch line from Vol s*atioh .on the
Ungan'da ra'lwiiy. The line ..which had
been carried as far as Mbuyani. 15
miles east of Tavets, ^Brj^U^h .East
Africa, bevond MaKtca, tias.'i.ow,reached Sereggcti camp, wh*ch ,was taken
iby a Brlfi=h force on Jan. 24;
"With the occupation of. Longldo and
Se»-eggeti the enemy's activity has sen
etbly decreased." '•< :*,
CBy Daily Newa Leased Wire.) '
BOSTON, Mass.,. Feb. 1.—-Wireless
messages Indicating .a collision at sea
between two steamers' at a point near
>Cape Race, Nfld., were picked up by
several stations on the 'Now .England
coast, last night. The identity of the
vessel* was not disclosed. One was
said to be sinking.' The other ship,'
stating it was* badly smashed, sent
word It would stand''by.
; SAUPAX, Feb. l.-^-The' vessel In
collision with the American tank
steamer Silver Shell oft Cape Race
tonight waa the Japanese steamer Ta-
kat*, bound from London to New York.
Wlreles'a messages from the Silver
Shell late tonight said that it -was
feared the Japanese steamer had sunk.
Th* steamer Armenia was standing by
the Sliver Shell, which was 'badly dam..
aiM. -
,-NlbW YORK, Feb. l.j~The Silver
Shell aailcd from Bayonne, N. J., at
noon Thursday with a cargo of petroleum for Dunkirk, it carried a
crow of 49 men. ,  '
PETROORAD, Feb. 1.—"In the
Oauoaabt Our troops are purauing
'.M elwaly pr*aalng th* enemy in
the ' i<*ll*n ef Lak* Torlum and
Khynjr*k*la," saya tenight'a «ffi-
Oial report.
(By pally Newa Lea»e(J-Wire.>
REGINA, Fob. 1.—*A plea for a system Of rural banks throughout Saskatchewan and a statement by the attorney-general regarding certain charges
made in a certa'n section Of the press
against the provincial police formed
the two features of the sitting of the
legislature today. '■''/
A resolution was introduoed by Mr.
Larson of Milestone, urg'ng upon the
provincial government and the parliament of Canada that some system of
rural banks should be Introduced into
the proylnec In order that the farmer
might more easily finance his -undertakings. He was followed by numerous sympathetic speakers. ....
If. Wis
Course For Mambera Opened at Ottawa
—General Hughei Rape Those
Who Are Late.
(By Dally News 'teased Wire.)
, OTTAWA, Feb. l.^-The officers'
training course for members of parliament was organised .today, .Gon.
Hughes addressing the 20-odd members who wero present: .A number of
th* parliamentary press gallery are
also availing thomselve* of the course.
Col. Paplneau of Halifax will j have
charge of the ourae, . ■ . -',...--.'-
' A number of the members as well
as Col. Paplneau,- were a few minutes
late and Gen. Hughes gave them their
first lesson In discipline. He Insisted
that {promptness was ono of the first
necessities of an officer. He informed
Col. Paplneau they did notykeep Halifax hours In Ottawa. ' The minister
pointed out that strong*'business men
are needed as officers.       i
It was decided to have drill four
days a week from »: 30 a.m, to' 10
o'clock and the hours for lectures will
■be arranged later. ...-, '.;
Among those ■present were Col,
George N. Bradbury.. Selkirk;: H. S.
Clements, Comox- Atllns Major Gerald WMto, North B*hfr^wi R. F.
Green, Kootenay-; - rrank , slieppaiM,
NaiKiItjjo; Qoorgo Bilio|t,yNor,ih Mid-,
dlesex; - Capt . T. WJtllaoo a)id A.
Wright, Muskako; Frank Glass, Bast
Middlesex; B. N. Rhode*, Cttntb«r1and;
Col. Cbckehutt, Brantfotd; ,G. H. Barnard, Victoria;. Fred Kay, Mlsslqunl.
Hen. Dr. Roehe Speaks of Anti-Emi*
gpation Prepaqands in United    .
States Rural Press
(fly Pally News Leaned WIn».)
OT*TAWA, Feb. 1—Hon. T>r. Roche,
minister ot ttie,Interior, announces that
a camnaitrn is to be started l\ the
TTnltM States to pecuro acrrlcuUunil
laborers for western Canada, Dr.
Boclio has returned from" Chloasro,
where he his been in conference with
the agents of the Immicration department. As a re$uTt of this conference a
special campaign for farm help is to
b«i' started. The west has been badly
drained by recruiting and in many districts farm laborers are exceedingly
The American immigration agents
nil state that tlie American rural
papers hav* been filled wi*li stories
♦hat there was to be conscription In
Taimda and that thee were Vavv war
♦nx"S <-n l°«'l amniintlne'.°owo a'c^'es
sa(d, to JftOO an acre. T^eto Btorles
we^R rten'e;! by Mon. Dr. Roche, who
explained the nol'cy of the Canadian
ffove»-nment. Th« conf°ren"e wa«t attended a!°o by the premiers of the
pratrle provinces. <
Appam Bails Into American Porj;.
and With Teuton Prize Grew
Aboard From Seven Destrlj
Flying flnn Flag
and Rescued Men
yed Steamers
Wy Be Still at Large-Has
Conceals Cannon Until Victim
Into Close Range~116
Governor of Sierra Leone,
Forecastle, .Which
Has Been  Lured
ers, Including-
on Prize Ship
Servian.    Have  Withdrawn    Toward
Durazzo—Calm in Montenegro,
States -Report from Vienna
(By Dally News Leaned Wire.)
ATHENS, Feb. 1.—Tho Austrians
have occupied fian Giovanni di Medua
and Danilograd, in Albania, The Servian forced in ilie neighborhood of the
towns withdrew toward Buraaao.
Tho French! official statement of
Jan. 29 said thb Austrians have pushed their, vanguard as far a* San Giovanni ' dl Medua, which lies on the
Adriatic to the south of ScuWrla, ahd
that the Servians were continuing
their retreat In good order. The cannon, caissons and ammunition loft 'by
Miem o.t San-Giovanni dl Medua wore
talwn on.'.board Frenoh trawlers and
carried to Brindisl, the report added.
Calm in Montenegro,
HEHiUN, Feb. 1.—Wireless to Say-
vlllo.—Tho Austrian army headquarters communication', received here today says:        .
"The situation In'-'Montenegro 'and
tlio district of Scutari is calm. The
attitude of the inhabitants of theso
districts 'leavep nothing to be desired
(By Daily News Leased Wire.)
NORFOLK;, Va., Feb. 1.—Given up
for lost days ago, the British passenger liner Appam, plying in the West
African trade, sailed like an apparition
into Hampton Roads today flying the
German naval ensign and with Its
ship's company uhder guard of a German prize crew. The vessel brought
word of a mysterious German commerce raider, the Moewe, which now
reams the seas and had on board the
crews of seven British merchantmen
and admiralty transports captured by
the Moewe before they seized the Appam and started it across tho Atlantic
for an American port, with Lieut. Hans
Berge of lho German naval reserve
and 22'mon in charge.
The Appam now lies off Old Point
Comfort under the guns of Fortress
Monroe, waiting for the state department at Washington to determine Us
status—whether ,lt Is a man of war
subject to internment or a German
prize". By tomoi*row the customs authorities here hope to have'orders to
send the ship either to Norfolk or
Newport Ne\v», where tho anxiously
Sunday Train. Ovar Gooae Lake Line
Have Not Y|t Reached Saakatoon
- —Seriou. Famine Threatened.
(By Dally News Leased Wire.)
SASKATOON, Sask,, Feb.- 1.—Tho
Coal situation here is -worse than ever
And Sunday tralnB from the west over
tttaifioose Lake line Have apt yet ar-
ttved. The Canadian Northern rail-
Way superintendent at Calgary evidently gave out the information yesterday that the tie-up wa* east of
Kindersley; the Canadian Northern
railway superintendent hero eayB it is
West Of Kindersley. It is difficult to
£et any satisfactory Information from
the company. Twelve cars, of coal
arrived 'by way of the Canadian Pacific railway today, but there Is only
tlhrco days' supply in the olty, which
(•equtres 30 cars a day for It* needs.
A serious coal famine is threatened in
the opinion of local authorities. Tho
neighboring vlHaroli ■ are in worse
shape than the city.
(By Daily Nows Leases Wire.)
'OTTAWA, Feb. i.—Men training for
overseas services will *bo allowed to
tako part oh the spring seeding
throughout: the Dominion. A short
time ago K. 13. Lewis. M. I-*., called the
attention of the minister of militia to
the fact that it would be doslrablo for
Canada to plant as large an acreage
as. possible this year, that u. great crop
might bo grown and garnered, for the
■benefit of Oa-nadu, of Britain and tlio
allies: <!ep. Hughes Is, therefor, Issuing orders through tho division commanders that men in units throughout
the country may obtain leave, of .absence from their military duties In tho
aprlng ,'for a auffIclent. longth of time
to enable theni to. plant tho need for
the crops in every province in'C'unufla.
In doing this Gen. Hughes is following
the precedent set last Autumn, when
tho soldiers In training wero allowed
td help 4nf the harvest
LONDON, Fab; 1.—By direction
of the naval and military authori-
tia. the police today ordered discontinuance of chime* and the
atriking of hour, by public clocks
between iu met and aunria*, a. a
precautionary measure *g»m*t
aerial raid..
Twenty Dirigibles Have Been Manua-
vering Over Belgium for Daya—
Recent  Raids  Preliminary.
(By Dally News Leased Wire.)
LONDON, Feb. 1.—A squadron of 20
zeppelins, some of them equipped with
tlie newest motors, has been maneuvering over Belgium several days, preparing for a great, "air drive" on London, according to Amsterdam despatches today.
The l'uid upon the eastern, north-
eastenTand midland counties of England last night was only preliminary
to a great attack from the sky, it 1b
believed: here.
A dozen Gorman aviators have been
observed in thb maneuvers with the
zeppelin squadron over Belgium, it is
reported.' The type of aeroplane was
not made out by the travelers arriving In Holland. They report that
Belgian civilians were being excluded
from the country where tho maneuvers are going on.
It was reported in the casualty
liat laat night that Lieut. Forest
A. Ladd of the 18th battalion had
been slightly wounded.
Lieut. Ladd waa a former resident of Nelson having been employed by the Woods-Vallance
Hardware company. .He was a
former vice-captain of the Nelson
Rowing oiub. .His nearest relatives
are living in Yarmouth, N. S.	
waiting British civilians will be,put
Accorllng to the story told -witli
great n serve by Lieut .Berge to Col*
lector fyami'ton when he formally reported Ms presence In American territorial vater* late today, the Moewe
captured the Appam, bound from
Dakar, Trench West A'rlea, for Liverpool, of:er a brief show of resistance
on Jan. 16. 60 miles north of the
Madeira islands. On board the Mo-wo
then were the crows of five vessels,
prevlou'ly captured, all of whom were
transferred to the Appam.
Sunk Australian in Battle
From all   rehcta,  the raider is
converted German merchantman, with,
a faUe
On .Tan.
nf 15
awav a
the water.
ranvas forecastle concealing a
of guns of fairly large calibre.
17 it engaged in battle an
Australian fader, the Clan
sh '1*896 tons), which it sank
u excl'ing combat with a loss .
n k'lled on the Clan Mactavlah.
\puam. which   was   10   mil**
the time, in charge of a prise
framed hurri°dlv back to the
ri rescued four members of the
Chn Muctavlsh, struggling In
under cders from the com-
of   tha .raider,   L'ajt.   Pergo,
his prib" for an American port
an* cat-ted companv wi'h the M-ew*.
N'oth'mr has been s»en or heard of th*
since and the Appam atesmed
he ocean on an uneventful voy-
ev> r«LcMn°* 'he Virginian capes at
6:-15 ths morning.
452 Person. Aboard
On bbard the Appam all told are 458
person?—tlio prize crew of 28, 20 ejftr*-
man civilians who were on their way
to Engand for Internment, 1S8 seamen
captund with the British ships, IIS
passengers on the Appam and the Ap-
pam's iirew of 155.
Lieut. Berge claims the Appam is a
prize of war but government official*
have rot as yet accepted this view.
The Appam had one mounted rifto
aboard when captured but this was removed by the Moewe arid there wer*
no gmig aboard when It reached port*
ercept small arms cairled by the prlae
On jkn. 10 the Moewe captured and
sank the British steamship Farrlng-
ford. cirrying 500 tons of copper or*.
Later nn the ssme'day it captured the
British steamship Corbtidge, w'th a
cargo i'f 6000 tons of coal'.'* The Mnewa
did nol sink the veaaal, but sent a crew*
aboard and held it as a collier. For
three days the Moewe was inactive and
then tne Brithh admiralty transport
Dromoiby hove In sight on Jan. U.
It offered no resists nee and was oap-
tured arid sunk. Before that day was
over tie raider had met and destroyed
the Btitish steamship Arthur, carrying 80( J tons of general cargo, and the
admiralty transport Trader, with 6000
tons or sugar.
Ariadne Was Big Prize
No ihlp of the enemy was sighted,
on Jar .14 but on Jan. IB the British
steamer Ariadne crossed the raider's
path and was sont to the bottom with
Its farjo of 0000 tons of wheat. Next
day, .Tun. 16, there appeared tne big-
IBy Dally News Leased Wire.)
LONDON, Feb. 1.—Exoept for a
German infantry attack northeast of
Arras, which was chocked by a fusl-
lado of hand grenades thrown by the
French, artillery duels arid bombardments havo predominated on the western front.
PARIS, Fob.' 2.—The following official statement was issued last night:
"In Artois there was a rather spirited arllltory engagement to tho south
of Hill 119. To the north of thb road
between St. Nicholas arid St. Laurent,
northeast of'Arras, an enemy detachment attempted an attack whloh was
checked ' Immediately by means of
"Our artillery carried out on the
enemy positions on the road to Lille,
south of The'ius, a bombardment which
caused a fire, followed by explosions.
"Retweeir'thc Avre and the OISo our
batteries shelled the German trenches
at Bcuvi'aighes and Fresnteres, as well
us convoyjj netu* T.asslgny. Effective
artillery lictlnits w"ere carried out
agathst the, hostile works at Beaulne
and, tho cholera "farm, north of the
Aisnc, and also t6 the cast of St. Die,
in Ore 'region of the Fave.river."
Shell German Lin*.
LON|)6N, Teb. 2.—The Britiah official communication issued laat night
"Our- artillery today bombarded at
"In t
his w
this ci
will bt
ent of
Continued on Page Two.)
points German lines between
.*s Anore and Somme.   There
some artillory  activity  on
about the Wulverghef and
leir official communication the
s state that their captures in-
some British. This capture
id of a patrol of five men, of
two goSaway."
Daily News Leased Wire,) m
GRAND FORKS, Minn., Feb.
A. G. Sivaallen, a graduate of
college, Norihficld, Minn., and
were beheaded by gendarme)*
Ua college, Marsovan, Turkey,
according jo letters received
F. E. Lnrton, a sohoolmate of
They were Armenians.
dian P
Dailv N*»Ws Leased Wire.)
B. a, Feb. i.—Cana-
icl£c officials expect that early
w  the steamer Prince** Ma-
of the company's .coast fleet
refloated, following It* accld-
today ln strik'ng a rook tn (ley-
Harrow*, 10 hours' run north ot
Two salvage Bteamere have been
to the scene.
WEDNESDAY,  FEB. 2,  1916.
I      Wher* th* Traveling Publie May Find  Superior  Accommodation*. |
i _ 4
K^i  M*
.(Tl -
^HS; -'*•
■:.-'!:' '-"^■■'-•■■""ia'W
A la Carto Table d'Hoto
George Benwell, Prop.
Special Daily Lunch, 35c.
HUME—Miss. T. McGory. City; Mr.
Farmer, Miss Dorothy Farmer, Castlegar; Dr. Morrison. Mrs. .1 A. McCarthy, Reggie McCarthy, city; H.
Thompson, G. B. Bayers. Vancouver;
A- J. Cuhle, Kaslo; M. D. McKee,
Grand Porks; J. R. Munro, Phoenix;
"W. Garland, Winnipeg; E. Keevit,
Edgewood; D. A. Moody, Vancouver;
S, Danoff, Rock Creek: V. W. Davles,
Vancouver; George Schnarr, Berlin,
Ont,;W. K. Thomson, Cranbrook; R.
Erskine Pow, Creston; J. A. Dun, Vancouver; Mrs. E. A. Wilson, Edgewood;
ItC. Peek, Midway; E. Walker, Grand
The Strathcona
F. B. WHITING, Prop.
STRATHCONA—W. .1. Qreejr Kaslo;
B:"R. Baker. R. Williams, SaiT.ion; H.
Tinman, .r. Watts, New Denver;. T.
Martin, iW. Beasley, J. Good, Silver-
ton; li. 'Norman, Fred* .Jones, Slocan
City.;'.I. Mcliure. T, p. Bacon, Milwaukee, Wis.; It. T. Wilcox, Tacoma; J.
If. \Vatern, H. Arbuthonu.t. Spokane;
J.c^Arcfi.ib'ald', V. J. TJount, M. Watson,
F.'Nookes, Seattle ,i, N. Messervey, J.
B'. Coffee, J. Morris, T. l-Ieathcot<>, Vancouver," R.' Smllley, Victoria, R. iW.
McClure. A. .!. Robertson, Winnipeg.
Queen's Hotel
Steam Heat in Every Room.
Busineaa Lunoh, 85c.
Rate*:.$1.50 and $2.00 a Day.
jQU-EBNS—John T. Price, l'mir.
Madden House
-Cor. Baker and Ward Sts., Nelaon.
I MADDEN—.las. Spiers, Kaslo; M.
Klerbiric, Steve Mellah, W. Seamfsky,
Adam Lottoh, Johan Tghac, Joe Se
Bora, Edgewood.    j
Tremont Hotel
Nelaon, B. C.
European and Amerioan  Plan.
TREMONT—Ed. 'Miller, Andy Brick-
son, Marcus.
Grand Central Hotel
American and European Plan*
W. J. BRODIE, Manager.
We Invite You tt
If you are weak, nervous, rundown in health, you need rest, perfect quiet. Our Sanitarium offer*
you unequalled facilities for restoration. The medicinal value of our
hot water baths are beyond description. Open all the year. Natural
hot water, 124 degree* af hut
Rates 12 per day and up or 112 to
$15 per weak.
Halycon .Hot .Spring .Sanitarium.
Wm. Boyd, Prop.
Halycon, Arrow Lake*
Leland Hotel
T. H. BOHART, Prop.
Steam Heated, Good 8ervie*.
Sample Room*
Phona  9. Sample   Rooma
Room* Reserved by Wire or Phon*.
Crown Point Hotel
We  Are  Crowded,   But Thar*   le
Room for One More,
GRAND    CENTRAL—A.    Jameson.
Silverton; J. C. Potter, Taglium.
Nelson House
European Plan.
W. A. WARD, Proprietor.
CAFE—Open Day and Night—BAR
Merchant*' Lunch; 12 to 2.
Phon* (7 P.O. Box 597
NELSON—E. Watertield, Crawford
BaV; A. C. Robson. Marcus; M. 'McHol-
den, Geo. Solmore, Cranbrook;' Cbas.
Oreen, Peter sillier, J. Magoskie, Coleman.
The Hotel Allan
Recently Refurnished.
Hotel Castlegar
Castlegar B. C, W .H. Gage, Prop.
Excellent accommodation for drummers. Boundary to Coast train
leaves here dally except Sunday at
8:4f> a. m. Evening train from RobS-
lantl and Trail stops for dinner.
Rates, $2.00 Per Day,
Court Ellen. A. O. F., will meet at
the homo of Mrs*. Ludwtg, 414 Silica
street ut S o'clock this evening     (2308)
FOUND—A yellow cat.      Owner may
have   same   on     proving    property.
Apply Dully Xcwa. <2307)
LOST—J'iuk Cameo  brooch    without
pin.    lie turn  to   Daily  News.    Reward. (2315)
No Military Damage. It Done But Explosives Hit One Greek
(By Daily News Leased Wire.)
LONDON. Feb. 1.—A zeppelin dropped bombs on Saloniki lust night, according to Reuter despatch from that
town, destroying a Greek .-warehouse,
containing sugar, coffee and oil. No
military damage was done.
Tbe Berlin official statement today
reported that one of the German airships had attacked ships and depots
at  Saloniki  "with 'great success."
(By Daily News Leaned Wire,)
OTTAWA, Feb. 1.—Gen. Hughes has
received from David Lloyd Oeorge a
cable expressing regret that time did
not nermit him during his recent visit
to France to accept the invitation of
Gen. Hughes to visit the Canadian
headquarters and see the Canadian
01 HAIR,
New Grand Hotel
Best Place ln Town.
.    »1JM* Day Up.   .
Arrow Lakes Hotel
SD8EW00W, B, C.
Tb* .Hotel of Comfort on th*
■-', Arrow Lako*.
25-cent bottle destroys dandruff and doubles beauty
of your hair
Within ton minutes after an application of Dandarlne you can not find a
single trace of dandruff or falling hair
and your scalp will not itch, but what
will please you most will be after a
few weeks' use, when yon see new hair
filio and downy at first—yes—but really new hair—growing all over tlio
A little Danderine immediately doubles
the beaty of the hair. .No difference
how dull, brittle and scraggy, Just
moisten a cloth with Danderine and
carefully draw It. through your hair,
taking one small strand at a time. Tho
effect is amazing—your hair w|ll be
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appearance of abundance; an incomparable lustre, softness and luxuriance.
Get a 25-cent bottle of Knowlton's
Danderine from any drug stoio or toilet counter, and prove that your hair
is as pretty and soft as any—that it
has been neglected or injured by care
less, treatment—that's all—you purely
can have beautiful, hair and lots of
It lt you will Just try a little Danderine.
'Continued from Page One.)
gi-st prize of al*y~the liner Appam,
currying 8000 tons of general cargo,
ii.cH'diiifc a large quantity of cocoa.
One or two shots were fired at the
Appam, bui there was no real fight.
The Moewe approached the liner flying the British ensign and exchanged
salutes with it. When the Moewe was
close enough to cross the Appam's
bows It ran up the German flag and
lowered the false forecastle, disclosing
Its armament. The detailed story of
the capture -still is untold, as no ono
has come ashore except Lieut. Berge
and no ono has been permitted to go
aboard except thbse officials whose
duties required them to do so.
No one knows where the Moewe
came from, except the prize crew
aboard the Appam, nor where it went
after the hattie with the Clan Mactav-
ish. Apparently all of the operations
revealed by the arrival of the Appam
took place in the vicinity of tho Canary* islands.
Saw No Warships
The Appam did not sight a single
British or French man-of-war from
the time it parted company with the
Moewe until it entered Hampton
Roads. Tho regular crew operated the
ship under the German guard. The
Appam ls said to have flown the Brit'
lsh flag until it reached the three-
mile limit.
Lieut. Berge said the Appam arrlv*
ed short of both fuel and provisions
and that there was not enough food
aboard to last through the week. Mr.
Hamilton gave. permission to take on
a quantity of stores tonight,
Among those aboard are H women
and-nnany children .the exact number
of whom has not been determined.
§jir Edward Meriwether, governor of
Sierra Leone, a. British province In
West Africa, and his wife aro passen
gers. There are also several officers
of the British army and navy aboard.
Flies German Ensign. ;
NEWPORT NEWS, Va„ Feb. 1.—
With the German naval ensign fluttering from its stem and in charge of a
German -prize crew, the British South
African liner Appam, given up for lost,
took refuge in Hampton Road's this
morning and brought word of seven
vessels destroyed by German sea raiders off the African coast,
..The Appam. was captured off the
Canary Islands on Jan. 15 by a German raider, four days after it -had
sailed from Dakar, British West Africa, for Plymouth, England.
When the boarding officer left the
Appam he said the vessel had among
its passengers the governor of Sierra
Leone, Sir Edward Merewethcr, and
his wife. ,
Shipping Men Surprised,
LONDON', Feb. 1—The Elder-Demp-
ster line received a. despatch this afternoon from its New York agent advising it of the arrival of the Appam
at Norfolk. The company also received word from the admiralty which
has been, informed officially of the
steamer's arrival. The admiralty advices were to the effect that a German prize crew was in charge of the
vessel. It was said the passengers
were all safe but no information was
received concerning the crew;, *
The admiralty has cabled to Dakar
and all intermediate ports for any information , concerning tlie capture of
tho Appain*. The arrival Of.the Appam at Hampton 'Roads was a complete surprise to shipping men here,
as the steams-hip was -given up for lost
several days ago and a list of the
passengers to the number of 166, was
given out by the steamship company
today. The last word i'rom the Ap.-
pam was a wireless message on Jan.
Several 'other merchant ships were
on the same route .is the Appom, and
the capture of that steamer created
anxiety ^s to tho other vessels.
Gives Warning—Withdraws It.
NEW YORK, Feb. i .—The: British
consul-general here today ' notified
British shipping to watch but for
German submarines in American wat
ers. Information received at. the consulate from private sources leads them
to believe. that a -submarine had ac
companied tlie captured steamer Ap
pam on its voyage across the Atlantic.
NEW YORK, Feb. 1.—The British
consulate's order to British shipping
to beware of submarines In American
waters has been withdrawn. It is re
ported tonight.
According to Capt. Gaunt, British
naval attache, the information back
of the order was not considered authentic.
"We were informed today,'' be said,
"of the possible presence of German
submarines near the American coast,
and'considered the information sufficiently authentic to warrant sending
out a notice to shipping. Later the
sources which had given us our information explained that it was erroneous and we decided t0 withdraw
the warning."     ■
The Destroyed Steamers
NEWPORT NEWS, Va., Feb. 1.—
The names of the steamers sunk by
the raider which captured the Appam
are given as including tho Trader and
some sir or seven others.
Tlie latest maritime records show
that the steamer Trader was a British
vessel of H3.J7 tons and its latest reported voyage was from Callow to
Queenstown. It was last reported as
having arrived at Montevideo, Dec. 4,
The Corbrfdgc was a British collier1
of H332 tons and was last reported as
having arrived at Barry Dec. 22 from
Nantes. It undoubtedly had left Barry
on another voyage when sunk by the
The Ariadne was a British steamer
of 1935 tons, last reported sailing from
Buenos Ayres, Dec. 21, for Las Palmas.
The Dromonby, a British collier of
2363 tons ,was last reported sailing
from the Clyde for the B.iatol channel
Dec. 29, The vessel probably hod
taken on coal, and was bound to some
south European port when sunk by
the Germans.
The steamer Farringford was a British vessel of 1993 tons, whose trading
ports are not given.
The Clan Mactavish was a British
steamer of 3625 tons which left Fre-
mantlc, Australia, Dec. 7, for London.
It was this vessel, undoubtedly, that
carried the large cargo of beef which
was token'qff.by.the Germans before
It was Huuk.
Oo?t Knew Lieut. Berge
No record pr -the Arthur can be
found. ;
The. Howe is given as a ship of 5133
ions net.
The German embassy has no record
of Lieut.. Berge: and officials suppose
he may be an officer of the German
merchant marine in the auxiliary service. • • .
Prince .Hatzfelt of the German embassy iB leaving for Norfolk late today
to take charge of the situation., The
embassy-officials said they hnd practically no-other news than was contained In Jhe news despatches and
were greatly mystified.
Paul Lamarthe Objects to Parliament
tary Bill—Says Bourassa Never
Preached Rebellion.
(By Dally News Leased Wire.)
OTTAWA^'Feb. 1.—T|he debate or
the address- took an unexpected' turn
today when1 Paul E. Lamarchc (Nico
let) rose to the defense of Bourassa
and Lavergne and incidentally pro
tested against the proposal to extend
the parliamentary term for one year.
Mr." Lamnrche announced that if the
term" is extended ho; will on tho cxplr
atlon of'.the regular term send in his
resignation-as a-member of the bouse.
Mr. Lamarche-declared that Messrs.
Bourassa ahd Lavergne had been unjustly abused by the press and certain
members of the house. Tliey had nev
er preached rebellion or said tho war
office was-rotten as a certain Canadian
knight had done, r They, (had only remained true to..thc principles and convictions which theyhad always expressed.  - .
Hon. ChariesMnrcell, who followed
took "■ exception to the statements
Mr. Lama.rcho hud made and pleaded
for a settlement of the bilingual school
Issue In Ontario .as. something that
must be attended to, if.Quebec ils to
do Its full duty to the empire.
Hon. George P. Graham, who spoke
late.in the evening, said that the gov
eminent should -Welcome criticism, so
long as.it does not interfere with the
great object in view, the prosecution
of tho war. Dealing with, ^he charge
that ho was a member of the Canada
Foundry & Forging* Co., which had
contracts 'with the 'shell committee,
Mr. Graham said he was wilting to admit the soft impeachment.
He was a director of the company
long before the war .began. ■ lt was
one of the companies which undertook to make forglngs at the outset.
It was the duty of this, or any other
company, capable of doing such work
to do its best, otherwise no shells would
be made in Canada. TJhe prices received were fixed by the shell committee and he-had nothing to apologlzo to
anybody for.
W. F. Maclean, speaking In the afternoon, advocated the establishment
of mortgage banks, backed .by national
credit, to .provide loans .to farmers ,at
low rates for long terms.
Levi Thompson (Qft'Appelle), who
was the first speaker;' criticized the
government for commandeering wheat,
The debate will be; continued tomorrow by Hon. E, L. Patenaude, min
ister of inland revenue.
Opposes Wheat Seizure. ' :r"~*
Tn reply to Sir Wilfrid Laurier the
prime minister said that he had ,rt!'
celved a. letter from the chairman of
the imperial munitions board staling
that ,T.- A. Vaillancourti had nqt resigned frnm tho bq&filJ!,' as. was reported.
Levi Thompson (Qu'Appelle) con'tin*
ued the criticism of western Liberals
of the commandeering of wheat. He
said that heavy as tho losses of the
farmers had been from the command
eering, the worst effect was the dls
turbance. of trade. If the" action of
the government were necessary in the
interests of the Empire;, no one could
make any complaint.  "* ■
He wild that, tho wheat -could be got
quite as welt Without commandeering. The western fanners ; would
readily sell their wheat to the. government without quarreling as to the
price If it were show,} to bo in the Imperial interests.
"I still have a -carload of wheat left
on my fitrm," he said.?; "I have sold
the rest to satisfy the .demands of the
worst of my creditors and am holding
the rest of them at arm's length and
keeping the whist for .a. rise.   But I
(Continued on Page. Three.)
For   Fifteen   Months   German   8hells
.    Have Rained on Arras—Beauty
'."'  andi Love and War
* ■''"' W'^hriip 'Gibus.)
1 remember a day, 15 mouths ago,
when near the town of St. Pol in Artois, I was caught tip in ono of those
tides of fugitives "which in those early
days of the war used to roll back in a
state of terror before the German invasion. ".Where do they come' from?"
1 asked, watching this long procession
bf gigs and farmers' carts and tramping women: The answer told mo
everything. "They • are bombarding
ArraU! m'sleur." Since then "they"
have neyer ceased to bombard Arras.
From^ many points of'Sfrew, as I havo
come through tlie countryside at night
I have seen the flashes of shells over
that city and have thought of the
agony Inside. Only fonr-days ago it
was bombarded/with 150 17-Inch shells,
each one of which: would destroy a
catbedral.-'-U wasjwlttt a sense of being very near td'dqathr-not a pleasant
feeling,' you understoijid—that I'went
into Arras for the first-t|me> and saw
what had happened to it.
I was very helSr tp the Germans. No
more than ten yards away, when- I
stood peering through. a, hole in the
wall of a house in the srtburbof Slangy and no moro, th;an.;.20b yards away
from.,'the enemyta lines When I paced
up and down the great railway station
at. Arras, where rio'"iirainsJ can come
or gov For.ftore/than^a year the ene
my has been encamped outside the
qity, and for .all that,time have Uried
to .batter a way into and, through it.
An endless battle has surged up
against.the walls.,;but in spite of all
Eventually everybody will go io the
Gam. (2262)
Suffered Tortures Until She
Tried. "Fruit-a-tives"
St. Jkak deMatha, Jan. 27th, 1914.
"After suffering for a long time with
Dyspepsia, I have been made well by
"Fruit-a-tives." I suffered so much
yfhat at last I would not dare to eat for
1 was afraid of dying. Five years ago,
I received samples of "Fruit-a-tives"
and after taking them I felt relief.
Then I sent for three boxes and I kept
improving until I was well. I quickly
regained my lost weight—and now I ea't,
Bleep and digest well—in a word, / am
fully recovered, thanks to 'Fruit-a-tives.'
00c, a box, 6 for $2.50, trial size 25c.
At dealers or sent postpaid on receiptof
price by Fruit-a-tives Limited, Ottawa.
their desperate attacks no German soldier has set foot inside the city except as a prisoner of war and though
the fight goes on Arras Is sure of
its security. Many thousands of young
Frenchmen have given their blood to
save it.
1 cannot describe in good words tho
effects upon one's mind of a walk
through Arras. It is pitiful beyond all
expression. It Is worse than looking
upon a woman whose beauty has been
scarred by bloody usage. t
Beauty and Love—and War
For Arras waa a city of|beauty—a
living expression ln stone of all the
Idealism in 800 years of history, a most
sweet and gracious place. Even now
—yes, even now—after a year's bombardment, some spiritual exhilaration
of human love and art comos to one
out of the city and wandered a little
in Its public gardens before going into
its dead heart—the Grande Placo—I
feel the strange survival. Tho trees
were slashed by shrapnel. Enormous
shell craters had plowed up those
pleasure grounds. The shrubberies
were beaten down.
Garden seats had been broken into
matchwood. But in these gardens, so
spacious, up against the high bastions
of Vauban's old citadel, which still
stands strong in spite of the shells
that have smashed against it, one saw
the spirit of an old-world peace that
once  dwelt  there.
What makes Arras more tragic even
than Ypres, which is but a mangled
heap of stone, is its greatness—for it
was a large city—and its half-finished
destruction. A mutilated man Is worse
to see than a corpse, and so*it is with
Arras. It is mutilated in every part.
Almost every home has been hit, every
building Is scarred and slashed, but for
the most part the city stilt stands, so
that j went through many long streets
and passed long lines, of houses, all
deserted, all dreadful in their silence
and desolation and ruin.
TJien I came to the Cathedral of St.
Vaast. It was an enormous building
of the Renaissance, not unlike our otvn
St, Paul's, ami just as solid in its great
vaulting and substantial piers, magnificent in Hs spaciousness and dignity.
Next to it was the bishop's palace,
with long corridors and halls, and a
private chapel. Upon those walls and
domes the fury of great shells has
spent itself. Pillars as great in girth
as giant trees have been snapped off to
the base.. The dome of the cathedral
opened with a yawning chasm, High
explosives burst through the walls.
The keystone of arches were thrown
out, and masses of masonry were piled
into the nave and aisles.
An Underground Life
Now, as I stood there, rnoks had
perched in tin- broken vaulting and
flew with noisy wings above tlie ruined altars. Another sound caino like a
great beating of wingt,*, with a swifter
rush. It. was a shell and though I do
not think it fell anywhere near, the
vibration of it stirred tho crumbling
masonry and bits of it fell with a clatter to the littered floor.
in the Grande Place of Arras I stood
amazed. Here again beauty still lives,
though battered almost to death. Yet
there are still people living in Arras,
They live an underground life, for the
most part, coining up from the underworld to blink in the sunlight, to mutter a prayer, or a curse or two, to gaze
for a moment at any change made by
a new day's bombardment, and then to
burrow down again at the shock of a
Through low archways, just above
the pavement I looked down into some
of the doep-vaulted collars, where the
merchants used to stock their wine and
saw old women and somotlmes young
women there, cooking over little stoves,
pottering about iron bedsteads, busy
with domestic work. Somo of them
looked up as I passed and my eyes
and theirs stared into each other with
mutual wonderment.
Yet not all these citizens.of Arras
are below ground. There is a greengrocer's shop still carrying on a little
trade. I went into another shop and
bought some picture postcards of the
ruins within a few 'yards of it. The
woman behind the counter was a comedy soul .and laughed because sHe had
no change.
Factory  Aa  Fortress
I walked in the suburb of Blangy by
way of St. Nicholas and came to what
is surely 'the most extraordinary place
lu this western war. Along the high
toad from Arras to Douai was a great
factory-, of some kind—probably for
beet sugar—and then a street of small
houses with back yards and gardens,
much like those in our own suburbs.
Now holes have been knocked through
the walls- of the factory and the
houses, the gardens have been barricaded with barbed wire and sandbags,
and the passage from house to house,
and between the overturned boilers of
the factory forms a communication
trench to the advanced outpost in the
last house held by the French, pn the
other side of which is the enemy. As
we made our way through, these ruined
houses wo had to walk very quietly
and to speak in whispers. In the last
of a fort and a dugout, absolute silence
was necessary, for there were German
solidiers only ten yards . away,, with
trench-mortovs and bombs and rifles
always ready to snipe across the walls
Through a chink no wider than my
finger I could see tho red-brick ruins
New Goods
Come In and See the New
._———.——■-B-g-H—a....—^- .      ,    —   .  „'. _..__._.,___.„    ,.m.„
House Furnishings
Also the New Ducks, Drills,
Piques, Etc.     %
B. P. C. Cordonette
15c per Ball
This store will be closed from 1 to 3 p.m. today, during the funeral,
service of Rev. R. Van Munster. '"'..'•
of the house inhabited by the enemy
and the road to Douai . . . The road
to Douai as seen through this chink
was a tangle and litter of broken
There is another house on the outskirts of.Arras beyond which no man
may pass without instant death a yard
or two away. It Is called the Malson
villa, knocked about by gun-fire, but
with • complete rooms aud cellars. It
still contains some of its old furniture
including a piano, but is not a pleasant.place for a picnic party. I think,
Indeed, it was the most sinister house
I have ever seen, and there was something uncanny lu the whole character
bf it as we went whispering about Its
cellars and peering through loophole;;
at the enemy's position over the garden walls.
The enemy is so close to Arras that
there are many places where one has
to step 'quietly and duck one's head,
or get behind the shelter of a broken
well, to avoid a sniper's bullet, or the
rattle of bullets from a machine gun.
As I have said, the railway station itself is only 201) yards away from the
German lines.    Its waiting rooms aud
buffet have been shattered under shell'
As I left Arras the dusk, was :creop-[
ing down the ruined streets/and groat'
sheila were crashing over the city from'
French guns, answered now and then
by enemy batteries. But in a moment
or rare silence I hoard the chime of a'
church clock. It seemed like.the.sweet
voice of that old-time peace in Arras,
beforo the days of ils.ngonv, and I
shall often think of that solitary/bell
sounding above the' ruins'iri a-ghostly
way.—London Daily Telepraph.-j,     •
consists,   among  others   things,
in their ability to profit by past
mistakes. This ls also our on.
deavor.   •
P. S.—The birtlistono fpr this
month is tlio garnet   and    tho
flower    that    symbolizes    this
month Is tho wild rose.
Watchmaker, Jeweler and Grad
uate Optleian.
I 100 h.p. High Speed Call.
I 13 X IS 90 h.p. Slide Valvo.
I 12 x 16 7C h.p. Slide Valvo.
1 40 h.p. A. C. Motor, 2000 volts.
1 8 x 10 Mine Hoist.
1 4^-j X 2% x 4 Duplex Pump.
1 No. 3 Centrifugal Pump.
1 6 X
Surfacer and Matcher.
1 20 h.p. Vertical Boiler.
1 No. 1 Simplex Ore Crusher.
1 Small Gatos Crusher.
1 Gates' Grinder.
Several large Gyratory Crushers.'
1 Hydraulic Elevator.        .
A Daily News Want Ad
Will do the work for you in the
most expeditious and satisfactory way. The expense is very
nominal and the work is done
while you rest.   Try it.   They
v     ■    .    ■
Always Get Results
FEB.  2.   1916:
• «..♦
News of Sport
Victoria Blank*  Millionaire*  in, Flrtt
Period—Then* Vieltor* Come    .
Back With Ten Straight.
(By Dally News Leaaed Wire)
VafS-HdRIAj $.. C, Feb: I.—After the
Victoria team, had blanked the Vancouver champions here' tonight In the
first period while the Aristocrats scored three goals, the Millionaires developed great scoring ability and when
tihe final count was totaled up had
ithe tally. Ill to 4 in their favor. The
Vancouver team scored 10 straight
Koala in the second period aid to make
the measure good added six more lt
the final period. TJie score ia tihe most
i decisive of the coast league season.
During the first period the lights in
the rliite went out owing1 to a Snowstorm and the fans sat in darkness
.for 1(S minute* wliile repairs were
being made. Summary:
' first jierlod—Nichol, Victoria, 3 48;
Box, Victoria, g':2«f; Kerr, Victoria,
i:*2u.-- '*"' '
-Second period—Patrick, Vancouver,
1:18; Cook, Vancouver, 1:40; MacRfiy;
Vancouver, 6:45;' Cook, Vahcbdyer,
*2S; Taylor, Varicphver, :S0; Co'oK,
,vanSou'ver,' 1:20; Duncan, Vancouver,
3:1S; Cook, Vancouver, :W; Pafrlcli,
Vancouver, 1:46; Tayldr, Variconver,
-. Third jjerloflMrqiyloii Vancouver,
"■M\ Cook, Vancouver, :80; Box, Victoria, 1:5C; Taylor, Vancouver, 1;80[
D'uhtan',' Vancouver, :50; Taylor, Vancouver, 1:50;' Taylor, Vancouver, 7:05.
Vltncbuver, Victoria.
«#j     at   *ob»i.*        ■   '
LeliBtan  McCu'llough
Patrick ..
Taylor ...
Mackay ..
Duncan ..
Oook .....
Right -Wing.
Defeat  Metropolitan!  in Clean  Gam.
by, Seore af Four Goals
''.-.   -to One  '       •    -  --:
(By Dally News Lcsaaea Wire.)
PORTLAND, Ore., Feb. 1.—Portland
stepped o-Jt in the lead tn the game
wltn the Seattle club tonight, defeating the Metropolitans In one of the
cleanest games played here, tit's season by a score of 4 to 1. Seattle got
its only counter In the first period,
after* Which they .were unable to' find
the net. Portland finished in Strong
form, scoring,two .goals..in the final
period.   SummaTyj
, First period—Walker, Seattle, 8:40;
Oatman, Portland, 5:20.
Second     per od—Tobln,     Portland
11:04.       ..;.,..
Third period—Dunderda'e. Portland,
time missing; Tobln,' Portland, time
rvHsing. ._ ...
Seattle. Portland.
Holmes    Murray
Rickey JC.. Irvine
Carpenter ;  Johnson
Foyston : Oatmaii
Morris  '...... Dunderdale
Right Wing.
Wilson  ;....;  Tobln
Left Wing.
Walker   Harris
(lay Daily Sews Leased Wire.)
NEW YORK, Feb. 1.—Jaok Dillon of
Indianapolis knocked out Tom Cowler
L. Patrick I of England lh the second round of a
110-rouhfl -match In Brooklyn tonight.
Ofehgoj    Dillon weighed" in nt 170 pounds and
Cowler at 205.
..... Kerr
* What Is expected to be the fastest
gahieov'glrl'hockey players ever wit
nes-ed on th<j local ice will be played
hCe Oh Thur-flny nirht, when tlie Nel
son foam will endeaVor to defeat the
Holland girls.
TlKrVson girls havo boen practts-
itic^hard, H. p-eparat'pn for this gitno.
Iheyfdlfpwt^g llno-up has been c-iosen
by'-Dea and' Mblriiettd of the'seiilor
*$!$&:*■. ^a*--* - __i *'"  -: -'■■  -■■-■•-<«.
fGoat. M'ss WhltmbreT point Miss
Wol'-e'rr.nn;* 'cover,- Mis5 i* niiabl".;
rSVeft, Miss Sneers: centre. Miss Jordan; rjajit w'l"g. Mlsi Morrison; left
wl'Wfi*, 'mW* tfnonittson; snnr^s, Ml^s
A''nms, Miss t^e^g'Kbn dri'i Miss F^o'e,
TM?i jffWn wl'l st*iH jit 8 p.m. There
Will be skStlng af ler the match.
•eRAr*BRO<,'< pntiiY.tun
.-■'-' fSlWKtfa.V in   Thn   fin,}]*.   v«w,i
yfJRANBBOOlt B. c, Feb. l.^-the
Women's Bowling league schedule Is
its' follow*: Knight vs. Drummond,
Feb. 8; Cameron vs, HickenbOtham.
tteb: IB: .Moth vs. Knleht, Feb,, 22:
Dr'Jminoha ye. Cameron', Feb. 28;
fltb^hce vs. Hickenbothdm, Martin' '7;
Mdtli vs. Dru'mtnohd. March 14; Kblght
vs. Cameron, March 21; Druhimohd
vi, Hlckehbotham. March 28; Snence
vb. Cameron, Aorll 4; Knight vs. Hlek-
ortbotham, April 11; Moth'vs. Camer-
qn, April 18; Spence vs. Knlgho, Aflrjl
26; Molli vs.: Hlekenbotham, May 2:
Spfeiice vs*. DrUmmotid, May i All
.league gomes will -oomhiehce at 8
dfclocK )ii the evening,
CRv T>n,lv Npwp f.pnsed WIt-p \
PITTSBTJHG, Pa., Feb. 1.—Outfielder Paul Smith wa.« today scld to the
Montreal club/Of tjje Internationa)
league by Ihe Pittsburg Piraten. Smith
Was secured from that club by a draft
last fall.
(Continued from Page Two.)
■will Sell it to the government if, if is
really neodedandnit can be purchased at today's price or the prioe of next-
Week, or tho week after. There are
thousands of farmers ready to do the
,-iame." >
; Mr. Thompson said that it Hon. Arthur. Meighen had the, faith of a grain
of mustard seed ho would have dealt
openly and fairly, with the. farmers instead of la"Uhchihg ' the thunderbolt
which caused so much trouble.
Sir Oeorge Foster, he added, he did
not blame so much because he did not
understand the western farmers, but
the solltictor-gcneral should understand them.
Upholds Commandeering.
W. F. McLean (South Vork) proclaimed himself in favor of free wheat
and .thought that the government had
a right to commandeer wheat. Petering to the war, Mr. McLean said that
the commitments and obligations arising out .of the. war.wdtHd'be.such that
It would be necessary to change the
banking' system and currency. There
would have "to be a hatto'nai' currency
established- and "the sooner we pass,
laws providing for this the better."
There would have to 'be provided a
bank of rediscount and reserve banks
as in' the United States. If Is not proposed in ihe United States, ho' said, to
establish national mortgage tanks to
furnish cheap money to' farmers on
long terms. These banks will loan up
to J10,0:6o at 4, per. cent fpr the development oil the farms.; They wf|l be
Ibaoked by the national grsdlt .of .the
United states. J'why," aiked Mr. McLean, "ls this parliament not devoting
some time to. this great reform? National mortgage banks have been successful in New Zealand, Australia and
.;„««!..   ~ii   .--   —ti-v-'fi--!    J3' fei..-—J...
Laat   League   Game: of   Seaion   for
Nalton BtvP— Have Chanoa ta
Tie for Lead
The Nelson Hockey club Will this
evening run a speo'al train from Nel- 	
lv|^-t'Ufi!S ■Wd.ret*«'n tor,,%,1",;  nearly all the cqantr'les di Europe.'.
f^^w'".! w?0*'!.*0 5£ !l*?!? 6" jj  Owing to the cheailness of money in
«veen the two; ttank ' tfreat lnMNil lh6 Unltea gtWe3 Ml, McLean 6n0U3ht
riJ^-M-3 -Sil/*,T'i?Ltt  thM Canada, should float a'great loan
Will be tied in the league. ...
Nelson's victory over Triiil oh Mdn-
day night arid the marked improvement in ;the local teani sihse the be-
fiihihg of1 th6 season Mads the Nelion
ha to be'lievie that the ideal' septet
hW a iooi ' chance of Brlnklng fioiHe
the bacon. :
Al Keating of Rosslahd and Mickey
O'tienry wll) hiindle the game.
• 'T*)ie special, will .leave Ne's'on,.depot
a^-^SO'b'clbcK, itn hour whi-li will en-
ab|S'ine b'u8-.nc«s' men a*id those era-,
pldye'd in the stores aid offices of -Jie
c'fe to make tho trip without Inobit.'l
veffleiice. '    ; :
, ,     HUMiOLOf BEA+EN,
(Bjr.Daljy-.tlewa Leased Wire.)
SASlCAlidON, Sask., Feb. 1,—Sas-
katoon defeated Humboldt in one di
the, 'heat hockey., games -seen in this
citj for some time,, by a score of G to
t tonight: "'...■
.SOSiliANfo,- B. . C, - F«B. 1^-Th«
HoaKjind hockev t«»m left-thl* morn-
liig.by, th* Great Northern to play in
Ph«*htjt tonight.
' fHy Daily Nfiiw Le(t»a».WIrii.l
TOROKTO.yFeoVl—Amatenr hockey
rjMlt'a:.. ,        -...■,,'•'        X   - ,
O. ft' A.' Banlor—BarlHl 7, W*t»rloo 6.
Northern • league, eenlor—Ch»»iey 1,
Mtal*f:». ■-
tion to provide for an early, restora
tioi'i of norfhai conditions' after the
war.   -.
Mr. McLean expressed the view that
Canada should have in regard to the.
war status of an ally. It had been
stated that the Dominion should have
a say ln the peace terms It was 'more
Important ''that Canada. should have
sdmethlnbg to say as to the policy and
strategy of tho War. The Dominion
should have a representative oh the
war council Which was how directing
tlte strategy of She allies.   /
(By Dally News Leased Wire.)
j .VICTORIA? B. C„ Feb. 1.—C. W.
Thomson, for 65 years a resident ot
Victoria, died teday aged 8.8. Hs survived hi* wife less than oho day, fir
she diPd ye84efday at an advanced
age.   TheUjwIll be burieU together. ,
.Mr*. MaVy Ahderaoji.'taii'iT' at Sft
John, and a resident of Victoria aince
1860, also died yesterday.
...   NORRH^ Rtf URNS.'
(By DaUy Nows Leased Wire.),
. WINNIPEG,' Feb; 4a^-Pr«nrl6r Norris returned . today, ftjom. Chicago,
Where lho attended a meeting of ihe
Canadian :immigr«ltt(lrll8 agents for the
purpose of correcting false reports
about Canada which have b'eSB cifcu-
latcd fo the" de'tritneh't dt Immigration.
Mr. Norris was In his Viae* In the
legislature yeiterday. *    , . '
Claims   te   B*   Mdtt   Proaperou,   of
Manufaeturino Town*—Vast Ar.
.   aehal Overflowing With Money.
Birminglrtm used to poas| of. being
tho -best-admihlstered eitv lh the
world. . It, wis a" claim that other
towns, large and small, were sometimes
Inclined lo argue about, arid, at the
presoht time,, Birntlngham people are
not concerned tonssert so empty a distinction. * . ',„.,, .-y.-i'
They'are now content to slap their
pockets and claim to be the most
prosperous manufacturing town in the
universe.* As to that they challeflg*
but do not Sxpecrcontradiction.. The
great town is humming With activity
and rustling with treasury notes. Its
welt-to-do citizens, who delight in being good to the podr, find their beriev;
olence hampered by fhe difficulty of
discovering anv poor to-b'e ifdod to.
There are half a dozen 'eager employers competirig for the services of
evory available;, man, woniart, boy or
"trl of working age or'capacity. Its
newspaper columns feem with adver-
tlsomentsTor labor. It has no neid to
go but looking, for business'.. Orders
for a multitude of; manufactured hardwares ore rained upon it -by every,pbsf
Its hotels are' tlircnged with guests
from near and far, who wait day after
day }n the Often vain, hope of being
able to persllade Its manufacturers to
accept remunerative contracts.
: Famous "Booms" Beaten,
iri Birmingham, tho tremendous energy of the world, war, finds industrial
expression. Jt has e. thousand and one
miscellaneous trades, and: everyone of
them is called upon; to meet somo
urgent demand arising;'directly or indirectly, out of the war, The^town has
known, many times in its* history, what
prosperity means—the. "boom" times
in.jewclery manufacture, the' fUHOiis
expansion of, trade with the application ^of steam nOwer,- arid the great
safety-cyclo "bb*cm."'*'■->    •*
The golden o'ie w'Moh; ol'derty citizens have been SjCcustdnied to recall
was In the time of the Franco-Prussian war, when working guntnakers
are saloftd have drunk champagne and
fed their dogs on rumpsteak. But all
these famous periods of prosperity are
made ,t0 seem insignificant by Blrm-
in-gharp's .present "boom," which is
not'coimn'ed'to this dr that industry,
" "a'.frmiq to nil of them. The British gbyernmeht, today; ft' a thousand
times bigger customer t-hdn' W|s.,tho
French government forty-five years
agU r <        -        ■   • ■   ■■
Thdrd is a factdry- In Birmingham
which is- turning' out more cartridges 'in
a week than the total consumption of
both .cdntbRtan't* ih 1870 aiid "lijzi
Birminuham's Adaptability,.
But its peace industries, .which, for
the most part, .work in metals, can all
turn their hands to the Droduotlorl of
war material Which;'for ths modt part,
is metallic. Jewelers' arc making
badges and all. Sorts of'military'accoutrements, brass 'workers flridl-ttas-'pro-
duction rtf all sorts of munition acedsf.
sories quite in their Hrie. 'There are
few implements or aa"co''*remonrs df
warfare which -arc, hot • pr-oducda by
processes of manul'actu.e which the
grekt. hardware town employes in Its
accustomed industries.
-So Blfmingham, whlcn has ai^a;
prided Itself upon its reud.neSB* to
adapt itself to the woHd's changing re.
flUIMrdprtts. has turned itself into a
vatt afSenal; -vMtose [iroduetivi" capacities are only limited by reason of
thrj vast number of it's young men
who havo joined the army.
BUt It Is not only war, work .that
keeps the {own busy. From all parts
of the globe come demands on Birmingham for its normal manufactures. .
Millions' n EUrope are.trying to kill
one another, but many more mlMlbhsIn
the two hemispheres ire leading their
normal lives and are* needing their
jiorm'a*! supplies. There' 19 a, great demand for what 'Is, known as, hollow-
ware, for.saUcepansyalid cooking pots
for ehamellod dishes''.fend,, tin-plate
goodB, for metallic bedsteads and coal
scuttles, for pens and screws and pin*
*ind needle1!,, fpr P'^nP8 :.^.nd. harmon;.
lums, fdf brddchCs, audychalns* o^f gdid
nnd .sliver., real or Ittiifatidri.' for but *
tons, and clasps, f of*, corkscrews dnU
gimlets, .(for fdwlihg .pieces and f£sb
hoiik*. fdrhootls aini eyeg.dhd buckles
and cla*£s.
'• Family's tit a Week.
If BIrmiiitfliCm doiild o'riiy' minufac
ture labdf', it could do a record export
trade today, but lt has, practically, no
reserve Of iabor to , draw unon. and
much gcod business has tp be turned
away.' BUt, so far as the working
DO*fiulatton are concerned, they are enjoying the time of their lives. Ont*
hears, of working class households, in
which father and eWldr^n bririr be:
tween them fifteen and sixteen pounds
home at the end of the week,
There Is" a story df a workman's wife
who said, |n regretful tones, that then*
was so much money coming into the
house that she was really obliged to
put some of It In ..the bank. All the
children in thd podr parts of the town
lmv« hew bob'ts; and all their mothers
have,, new bonnets ' and. dresses. A
-hdndred'atfaltwentypOunds for a mechanical pianS, and there are none'so
poor that* they cannot afford the luxury of a t'olk'lner machine.
The ordinarily well-to-do classes
have not quite the same jubilant sense
of gdod: fortune that their employees
manifest. They kpow that lt is a.false1
prosperity, th>t Will have to be paid for
ih - the futti**! and they are looking
forward to difficulty and cost iri reestablishing their factories for peace
manufactures when the war i*> over.
■ So' they are*.riot investing their war
profits' in high-powered mCtor cars
costly luxuries. It ls tha people who
ordinarily' get scarcely Jnough of the
necessities of Mfe who n0w seem to
be regarding the spell of war-prosper-
Ity as a permanent coridtton.—London
Dally Mail.
LliUf. riARfjLD dWErTdr
-' 'city D'sllv,.News teased Wire.) j
VANfOUVWR, B. C, Feb.a.T-jPr!-1
vate' cable, today^announces thd,'death
frorn. wqjihiK We'ivorJ at the front; o.f
Lieut. HStofd OWen, son of Hey. C. C.
CVwerV. rtv'tor tit Chr'ii. churrh.- rttvii.
couver. Rev. Mr. Owen 1* at-to«;ftoaf
.phaWam with' tBe.C«futdllfc tW**
f«E   DX1LY   NE^   ^
i^,r. ^J ' "T'T" ~—"--'- '' '" '■       --1- --r-x+_i_jlK_w_mi^
pa(,e THRtt
(By Prof. A. Lakes.)
It fs a Rood thtng to have somo
Itind M a hobtty whicti leads one Into
tU a&ert nir and thatTcs a *aik alohgr
the Bhorea or.banks of the Kootenay
have ah object, - Utett is interestinsf.
Whilst the vlcfhity of kelson a^d the
Kootenay offer many opportunities for
various natural studies anji pursuits a
favorftfe hobby with a nurruer Of t>eo-
ple is hunting foV arid colIenMni? bo
called flint ttiTowheads a*id other antiquities found among- the river pebbles and gravels. Some little account
of what is known of tnpse relics of
oast races may he of interest to tihose
who have not made a. special study of
the .sn'b.lect.
Universality of the Stone Ade,
These stone Weiporis and implements are. found nearly all over tlio
world, flhowlttfc that prior to what we
call civilization, there have heen uncivilized primitive faces- who were
little more than man animals and 'bull ttie superior to the-beasts they, killed,
We notice; however, a s'lfht. tendency
'inwnrrti as sbown in the imolementB
from the etonn a^fis to th«.+ of >>^","»
ind ,the ?eao to the ir^n ae"e and t*io
*ioriod of modern civilization. The
••"lies diicovefert. bore b»»»n f«"tifl_n»i
^e surface Or deeply "buried in river
"ravels attd'Jn' Cf-'^^s a'"d ni-lmUtvp
burvlric: places. Some of those were
■'n'i'"..hfe<ilv of great affe, tiidny thousands of veirs aeo, ,r^>d tlie au'lmra
w»t*e contem^bnlry with Ion<r:ftxtInct
inlmale, su>h as t^ie msimmoth, cave
H°ar aiid hveno, bther relics ' ar**
doubtless of much more recp»t" dt't"
ind the work of Indian's who antedated the arrival of the White man In
'his cotintrv and descendants of,whom
are still among us and Home of them
still rnalte these ^tbne impleiJiientr>
and have hot entirely lost the art, ■ It
Is probable that many, of the .implements wft find Hi this, region, thoueh
many of them are doubtless very old.
are not of the antiquity generally of
some found in B'irope or Ip various
oarts of eastern America. The interest to us, however, is that we do find
them hore, and rnaiiv of ''•em '>re vpi*«
similar In type and- workmanship to
those found in older fields.
The Stone Age Man and Hit Surroundings.
There have been very ttrtcbnt paleolithic or old stone age ahd others grading upwards to more r'ee'ent times. The
early aerPS Were p-'actledlly Universal
as testified by.similar relict fdnml
tn nearly every iiaft <of the world. Tho
Drimltlve mvage made but Orie Implement, a rude tool chipped out oi a hard
stone block or pebble, by blows from
another block. Me knew nothing of
rubbing or polishing,stones oi; ot fine
work'. In Europe at the tiine,W''1«n hej
lived the country was covered bv i'l-'i-i
ilers anil some part cf tlie ,-great North
sea, "The iriatt^ w'as a^savago, without 'lialjitat, fibc'ldty, triiie drgarilzatipu |
or,rec!0^nltion 6{'parGn*aj rr.'filial, oh- \
ligation. He had no, property of his
own und recognized no such rj^hts I"
->tliers. He was cpntomporary with
the cave bear, ro&mmotH,;. flnelpTit hih- ;
oopotnmus ami cav*i byeim and many |
other-animals now <juite ekUnct. His
bones are' found min&led .with.'those
of these an!mavst'ft.^d In one fcave wc
have a, rude sketch, of. a: mammoth
n*«'«fi nn o fossil tusk of tihe same by
a primitive artist. Many of these mingled remains have been found In Hme-
stonix caves, such as those of Tdrd.tio.y
and Brixham in Devonshire, England,
which the Writer has visited, These
eaves Were near the shores or on tMe
hanks of ancient rivers artd.yaileyfi
formed after the glaciers retreated.
The climate of some countrleij in, which
th'69el curios are found was warm and
mobjt, in pothers cold and damp with
giaeHfirfl fti close proximity from which
man sbugKtshelter'ln csverni. Hence
af-ohatebiogiiftH call this the "cavern period.1;- '";
Amtihg other flint Implements f?und
in these caves were flint skin scrapers,
some well made and s^aoed like.a.
laurel-leaf.: in a following-ace the
coldness of the climate is shown by
the -bones' of reindeer, muskox, whl*e
ot* no'ir* boar. <,hamn!<», etc:, arid
many weapons were made from the
bones and horns of these animals,
Some were ornamented by rude etchings/that of. a mammoth from the Dor.
dogne eaves of Franco was an example.
The New Stone Age.
Succeeding this more primitive old
stone or paleolithic age was the new
stone or neolithic period. Neolithic
man may have invaded the country
and driven out the old paleolithic inhabitants. This race was au-'te advanced in ciVllbaUon, knowing., and
practising agriculture, keeolng flocks
arid herds.and making pottery and or-
namettting.'itr.and wearing rude clothing.--* He invented pollsjhed stoner for
Implements;. His stone hatchets or
"celts," were -well ground 'a^d sharp- j
tmefl.*::Hexmade pottery :;tty hand and j
decorated'it. -He 'had workshop^ for'
different 'specialists aiid handicrafts.
He Had a government-oaff tribal or-
i'anlza'tionV'WiiiVt'houses.- ai<d* fc' religion ancl.-:l)\riied his flOad with rites
and ceremonies. His flint Implements
were made:*byiflrst chipping the shapes
out roughly and then rubbing ahd
grinding them. ..Well made and grooved hammers and hatchd's are found
with holes drilled to receive handles.
TheBe people of Europe would seem
to resemble ind correspond very nearly to the- ckve dwelled of western
America, whose dwellings and relics
the writer has vlsltPd in the canons' of,
Utah and western Colorado.
Succeeding- this' so-cnlled neolithic
age came wh^at is called the "broh*e
affe." Veil rtprdsented in Europe, in
which weabdps and ImoiementB were
made generally of bronze, b'ut in some
cases of native^'copper found outcropping at. the', surface. In this age the
burial mdlihda of Kentucky, and Ohio
were tiiatl^.^pm which,so many interesting r^ilojj aiid cuH'os have been
dug, amongst others, some highly or-
no men ted atone pipes.
The Stone Age in British Columbia.
Turnlhg 1»9^F from the #enerf\l- wprld^
wide discoveries and occurrences to
Uiosc^tfeflrenjhome; wo. learn from the
research^, of Mr. Harlan I. Smith,
government archaeologist, and others,
that the makers of the so-called f'-int
implements and .Weapons that *haye
boen found and Whioh we are constantly finding tn British Columbia
were the Old inhabitants and ancestors
of the.present British Columbia Indians. Tlie same re'.ius are found scattered over .the, staie^of Washington
and over the Tbompsdn rt**f &*** ,!i
tbe interior of Britieh Colombia and
probably over thetinUrtoj: of the ,?u-
kon and Mackenzie rivers of Alaaka.
The interior British Coltfrnbia remains
differ sbmewhaf frdm thbii fbiind on
the coast and widely from thoee found
on the great plant aiid to the east. Remains throw light on the Me oJ,a prehistoric race. They are found on the
earth's surface where they, were dropped or lost or by excavating: mto the
sites of old camp8_and villages or
mounds and ancient graves. Researches
show that the general habits and culture ot these prehistoric peoples was
very similar to' that of the Indians of
today. Soft organic remains and tie*
sues have decayed, leaving those of
stone, bone, antler,, shell and in some
cases metal. Skeletons-from groves
show the prehistoric people were physically much like the Indians living ih
the s'ariie regions today;
interior land .trlbed obtained isea
shells from tribes on the coast. Domes.
tic articles were made of stones,
glossy basalt chipped into points for
knives, arrows and drills. Yellow, red
and greenish jasper and fine grained
qiiartzite, chalce'do'n'y, -ftgaie. anijl
odsididn dr volcanic ^lass were used
Skin scrape'fs were' made Hi tiitaftzite
and fish knives of state and mica
schist, which were also used as whetstones, whilst sandstone was used for
grinding and grooving by rubrfipg and
for. smoothing the shafts of arrowo
and fOr grinding and' cutting hard
gfcehstones of nephrite into chisels
Pipes' were made of sandstone or bored
and cut out Of soaps'tOne or elate; Yellow, red and green earth were used as
pigments and red ochre Is daubed on
some of the objects.
Copper pendants, bracelets, j necklaces arid beads were made and green
copper stain Is seen oh the neck yer:
tebra of a Woman taken from a -grave,
showing that the neck was surrounded (by a copper necklace. Copper', in
modern graves came from the. white
men; that in ancient graves, according to Sir. Smith, from native copper
JoUhd in tlie mountains north of Lytf-
|ton, B. C.,. and elsewhere. Galena ahd
;mlea were used as pendants tor for ornamenting ar»d interlaying stone pipes,
also crystals of calcite and quarts
were used as ornaments. Bones and
horns rf wild animals wore made into
Weflpons and ihiplements. arid beaver
teeth were used for dice; bear and elk
teeth for pendants. Bones of whales,
used-as cbjbs. came fromti.the coast;
also perforated abalone and other sea
shells. '."'■j-
Coast tribes, dfe distinguished by'
their Vise,of mar'ne remains. wVst
thoso of the interior used only those
bf .salmon. .They Ityed by hunilncr,
flFihl^g, picking .berries,,. and| dicing
roots. They did not cultivate the land
and had no domestic animal but the
dog. } .
Arrow    points,  , epear    heads i ahd
knives were f'.aked o-it of s*bn,e.s thai
chtpned easily., such as glassy* basalt,
obsidian or jasper.   Some points were
ground . rather  than   chipped . Large
points-were used for knives or scfapers.
Points were set in the split end of a
wi^en  iharidle  and   he'd   tuore.feyi
winding with   wet  thonrs  which .on"j
drying shrunk and held the "knives se-'
curely. - I-arge po'nts were for. spCar"t
heads or knh'es, small polntfe for ar-'j
rows,   some   of   which   are   serrated. I
Numerous unfinished arrow poin's and
flakes are sometimes found near together,   suggesting   tlhere   may   haVe
been.a professional arrow miker like
a village blacksmith in the camp.
Certain grooved stones with a hole
bored at One end were used a# sink'-
.   ('Continued  on  Pege Pevori)
New furs made Up. Old fufi r«pftlrM
and   remodeled,   skins ' dressed   *U6*
mounted at   moderate pHces1.   fW_\W'
100. Best pricee paid for   ttW   Ut_i.
■Manufaeturlnf Furrier, 411 Wertl H,
'arrj  • full  line of all  HUh-Orada
rohaoco ana  BBB  Pipe*    Try • Ua
of Thurman'. Mixture
THUHMAN'S CIO**i STOHt.     .''
i      - .1. —g^-j-jaMejeaBj.
J P. tt0BGAN
-uyfi (or cn'ah a^lovea, Purnliure. Toola
'r     We  o».v  tllEhe.1  "a»f.   »«<**»   ft**
» before you sell  Mlfrort rt- ilv*r«1ir
i? Vemon Street. Neieori. t  C
... '.Two floor,  from   po.t»fflp# i
Farmers,  ranchers and  irappers.  It
toes Hot cost you anything to get our
rash offer on your furs. , Express them
to us.    Wo pay all charges over a 16
valuation,   we make you our offer and.
hold your furs fur youfreply, returning them at  our expense if not   purchased. -Try us.   Ip business .since 1888. h
Maekay&   ptpple^2l8 BlghLh avenue,
west,  CaiKpry *• ■ ■■•;_•■
No other
whisky as
good as
help you to remember
for tha kiddies—
and yourself; its
great benefits to
teeth, breath, appetite, digestion;
its cleanliness and
in the air-tight
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We Have published a
unique little booklet
"Wrirjtfs Mother
fioose," introducing
the Sprightly Spearmen. 28 pages lithographed in handsome
colors! Fun for grownups and children,
Send a postal today
fdr your copy!
Wrlgley Bldg.,    Toronto
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*Jt ;—: 1_	
WEDNESDAY,  FEB. 2,  191*.
'   MERCE RAIDER' •'««;
The exploits of the commerce raider
Aloewe, in, charge of a German crew,
arhlch has., been .destroying British
merchant snipping plying along the
west coast .of Africa, form one of the
romantic inc'dents of the war. In-
formation as to its activities Is meagre
but. an effort seems to have been mads
to save the crews and passengers, pf
th* vessels ient to the bottom, That
the Appam should, have succeeded ln
Crossing the Atlantic and reaching an
American port Is not surprising,
^either British nor French warships
have any reason for, maintaining a
caps? patrol .cut that portloiv pf the
Atlantic. Ay'Ji, ,, j,..;,,,..;: ,'■..."
^The manner |jnrwhlch : ilie MoeW
was secured and outfitted for the expedition Is %n interesting BUbJect for
•peculation; There are many points
Oil the /West" African coast at Which
preparations for the raid might have
been made. The vessel may have been
In hiding for months, it may have been
commandeered by the Germans who
•we now sailing it or it may have been
purchased at, some point on the coast
of one of the, neutral colpn'es In Africa*
***        MINING INDU8TRY
H*n. Lome A. Campbell,- the new
provincial minister of m'nes, has made
public some plans which he has in
view for the benefit of the industry.
The Domln'on government w'U be
asked to continue the geo'oglcal survey
Wo-k and, in order that advice may be
given as to ills localt lea in which new
work oi! this nature should be commenced, the field a'aft of Mr. Campbell's de.itrtimnt will be increased. .
. Tlie minister has also announced
that It is the Intention to give aid to
the making Of trunk road*, bridge* and
ferries where, these are-required for
the transportation of pay ore- from the
different prospects. Before such.work
is undertaken, ln order that the public
interest may be .fully safeguarded,, tho
department of mines will secure, full
riports on the prospects which ate to
he'served ih'thls manner. Mr. Campbell -is also looking into the question
.of ths establishment of two copper refineries' in-tlie.province, one at the
coast and one' in.Ihe in'erlor. Policies
fori encouraging' prospecting and.as-
(Hftlhg the prospector and for attracting Capital are also to he carried out.
il*& :: .—H* _k ■ ■
The British, Empire Is fighting a,
War of defense, a war. whose objects
•1*6 to .make secure i's territory, its
resources aiid, above all, its honor anil
tbe .liberty and f-eedqm which it has
er.Toyed for centuries. It entered the
struggle because lt had no honorable
alternative. .It .continues the war for
the same reason and will not.sheathe
Its sword until the security, for which
It.and Its allies are f'ghting haa heen
rendered safe from violation.
German ideals and the thought of
German dominance are aa abhorrent
to Canadians-as to the residents of
other parts bf the Empire. They, havo
ehpwn it by .en'is*ing to the number
Of a quarter of a million men and by
spending large sums of money ln behalf of the cause.- Today.they are engaged in raising a second quarter of a
million men.
To be assured of winning the Empire must mobilise all Its reso'irces.
JSyjsrv effort, must be directed toward
the one great end—victory, Koo'e"ay
and Boundary* young men who realize
that the time has come for them to
mobilize should Join tho 102nd over-
seas battalion -at once.
X]      ^THB'zeF»«'iiijrj8'^
y Assuming that the Germans are telling what they bel'eve' to be the truth
concerning the aeppelln raid' on England on Monday night, the fact that
they declare tliey bombed the Birk-
COnead dock* and dropped explosives
near Liverpool gives some indication
•f. the difficulties which have made
the dirigible airship practically value-
lass ftoin a military point: ot view. In
staircase tho Lonajjs nowspapers point
tBt that the Mppeltna did not even
inter tb* county, in which Liverpool
•Slid. Birkenhead are situated.
'Theoretically the'zeppelin should be
«M* to eMw enormout  damage te
gry works. In practls* lt ha* been
v that the .peed and height at
thar- hav* to travel and th* tact
that raid* must be rit'erltd, ont at night
make lt impopsinle for bomb* to be
dropped with any'hing approaching
acouracy. If they fly d iring daylight,
at a low altitude or slowly, they aro
in imminent danger of meeting with
disaster f-om aeroplane or anti-aircraft gun attacks. *
Enlist with Warden'* Warriors today. ■   ' '■'•■ \i-XX.
Ju*t to settle the question of the
status of the Appam the Germans
might try to sail it across the Atlantic
and phe? it under the jurisdiction of
a German prize court.
Weather condition* in the prairies
and northern States and Hoods further to the south lead to the conclusion that Kootenay. and Boundary is
a-pretty: good p'ace to live In after all.
Bourassa and Lavergne say that
they do not worry as to what would
happen to Canada If Germany wop.
They.' have, of course, observed how
well Germany treated Sr Roger Casement1 and another renegade to the
Britiah cause. .-y*- -      ■•-.■■>   •
The German zeppelin crews do not
know where they have hit after a raid
on England 'and thev are mighty poor
guesaers. The squad of baby murder-
era on Monday night reached the midland district and thought it was Liverpool.
Mr. Justice Murphy's decision in
which he finds the Vancouver directors
of the Dominion Trust company responsible; for losses totaling several
million dollars, because they de'egated
their authority to they late,W.R. Arnold, is Virtually a decision that-directors must-direct,.'or- share the responsibility  of  the cohsequehces.
-a.lnaiiiinii ma..
.... a a »» a a a a a > nn nun. i
Carefulness,. Prevention and Efficiency
Berlin;;'Ont., is a City of upward of
! 6,000 population. Therefore, when tt
can chronlole a loss to buildings by
fire of bufifta, and to contents, $648,
during'1915, It looks like a very commendable .combination of carefulness
in prevention and efficiency in fire-
fighting.—Hamilton Spectator.
Su.pendtd Sentence and the Church
1 After '13 "night riders" of Missouri
pleaded guilty to charges of assault
and intent to kill, the judge paroled
them on condition that they attend
Sunday school or church every week
and that their good behavior be reported to the court by responsible persons. This judgment of. the .court is
likely to provoke a controversy'* over
whether it does not-make* the chiirch
a punitive InBtUutliDttV-y— Tacoma
Ledger. , .-'..*:.-    .,   .
Hi* Message to Hia Wife.
Some- of the best stories come -from
the base hospitals, and aro"*bestowed
on the doctors in the same spirit that
grateful patients bestow gifts on their
medical attendants in civil life.. One
fold recently lias traveled from the
farthest outposts in Mesopotamia. A
Turkish officer, captured in the Mcso-
potamian campaign, asked and received; permission to telegraph to his
wife when he was brought to Basra.
His messa'tre read: "Safely captured."
—London Times.
Bank Taxation   -*
At the annual meeting of the Canadian Bank of Commerce, the Interesting, statement was made by Sir Edmund Walker that- the taxes paid by
the bank last year amounted to 27 per
cent, of Its nrofifs-^riamelvi; a total of
'650,000. This, of.; course.-Included all
branches of the bank, many of .which
enlov valuable bul'dings, *.and alt forms
nf taxation,! national and municipal.
The special war, tax' on bank notes
came to $123,000 alone: "Banks evidently do , not get av/ay, from taxation
much better, than the. rest of us.—Ottawa Journal.   ." ;" *
Things to worry about—On July, 21
last Nelson's official termbmeter registered, 93 in'the shade.
Wliie—How do  you  like  my new
hat? ....... f
Hubby—Well, my dear, to tell you
the truth— 	
Wifie—Stop right there.    It you're
going to talk that way about it I don't
want to know. "
■Wonder how old  Roxlelgh    came
select such a young wife." ,.
•He didn't.   She selected -Ijlm.''
'I suppose you bought y'bur .auto tp
save time?" "■■"•■
"No, to kill time."
Customer (indignantly)—That parrot you sold us hadn't ..been in tho
house a day before it began tb swear
dreadfully. '.'
Dealer—Tou asked the for oho that
would be quick to learn, mum.
Alice—t take half an hour's beauty
aleep every afternoon.
. Marls—Vou  sholud  make it much
longer, my dear.
.. >♦ *.*-.*:. i	
-. Illlllli a 111 a»*
How is It that all.the clues that lead
from crimes committed here to foreign government*; always lead, as far
as they con be followed, to the Teutonic embassies »nd to others? Our
embassies of the allied and neutral nations here arc never charged or sub-
pected of improper conduct, lt can
hardly be.that we-take more care in
the selection of honorable men for
foreign posts, since'we tak' any man
who has political pull enough, while
♦he kaiser choose*  only   his  arlsto-
had sent only a few words when I
heard the 'beastly little whisper an
inch off my left ear. I knelt down, and
sent a- few more letters and a bullet
passed between hiy arm and body, and
hit the «angar -hi front of me with a
sound like the breaking of a banjo
string. "Then I sllmbed over the san-
gar, and?weht'on with It. but a bullet
hit a rook somewhere near the back
of my neck, deflected, and hummed off
into space.
I got a**blt further down tlie hill, and
tried .to hurry the message through,
but they turned a maxim unto tne map
I was signalling to. ond made things
exciting for him* too, so we were jolly
glad when lt was finished. The worst
of thi*. job i» that you have got to pre-
potted at; - .tye^;
cause ""'everybody   Is looking .at tbe
crats. the men of - noble lineage, the
plite of his land. ..Is-It. then that the S-'Tfir^JSt;,*;;
Teutonic code of honor' differs from 't„l^?J!^„5?in^
♦bat. of the rest.-of the .world?   If so, £™ '_%gff lt w"0rk""onTheocca*:
JU-.    ftninwan    nannli,   na    _.   nal.nl/.   nfr.   nnt *        .      **     "-ap™***"     ■"     •*■—»••
the German people as a whole arc not  ,„„■„ me\bi,_   The 6n,pcr was a Ger.
dvnastv is to blame and the debased
and brutalized group of plotters,who
nreclpltated the war.—Bochester Express.
t.. niiiatiiiaaii......9..*
The best authorities are now of tbe
opinion that'a propaganda for the .betterment of child life, especially ln
'rural districts, .present* the most
hopeful solution of the tuberculosis
problem. The money expended privately and bv public authorities for
healthful schoolrooms with facilities
for baths and exercise, for iiVlsltihe:
nurses • to instruct tale parents: tn the
most -ordinary sanitary measures, of
whloh great numbers are ignorant. Including the' preparation of food aiid
selection of clothing,' the Importance
of temperate and clean "living as an
example for the growing generation-
such outlays would prove a profitable
financial Investment In view of .Jill*
enormous' econ^nitq. burden how resting upon the average community' by
reason of inattention to these well understood and proved measures—New
York Sun.*' ; ,■
"the British government In India has
just opened the greatest irrigation ca-
•nal In the world, greater than that of
even the Nllo system. ln Egypt, and
alone watering as much land, as the
whole of the twenty-five Irrigation
canal systems of the United States.
This.Is the Jhelum river system, in the
northwest of India. It ha* 322 miles
of main line (about the length of Lake
Ontario,: ond the St. Lawrence,.^from
Toront^y to Montreal) and 22,645 riilles
of subsidiary channels. It will water
two .'hundred thousand' acres of hitherto arid land. The. cost direct and
indirect Is about $.70,000,000, but the
watered land will produce crops worth
at least $1(3,000,000 a year. 'This is tile
sort of work British rule docs In India,
and which war floes not stop.
(By bally NeWs Leased[''Win,)
OTTAWA. Feb, ly^api. .Craig has
been authorized to' raise a Highland
regiment In Vermillion, Alta. Col. Hag-
arty has been authorized to v'recruit
another regiment in Torqnto.
Patrol Looking For Enemy Encounters
Two Lions and a Lioness—Where •
Fighting is Cold Blooded    m'iS
The -following extracts frpm the letter of a signaller In the East African
Mounted Rifles, a corps raised in Nairobi at the beginning of the war, and
consisting for the moat part of young
settlers and 'coffee planters.
We started at sunset, our orders be
ing to storm a pioquet—if there—at
dawn, and then hold the ridge. .The
fact that we wero to"' do ' a bayonet
charge worried some of us because you
see, we ore Mounted Rifles and have
nover had' much use for bayonets.
There was moonlight, and dust-and
little puffs" of- cold, nry wind walBiie'i'-
ed. mysteriously through the' Jong
grass,* and the forbidding-looking
mountain we were making for stood
out very black. Towards" morning, the
breeze' got bitterly cold, and the moon
set, and the plain seemed peopled witli
horrible -black shapes—ourselves lh
extended order. We arrived^ at- the
foot of tho ridge before dawn and slept
for.an'hour before fotming up:-for. the
assault. That hill was one of the
steepest over, and we were a"bit disappointed when wo got, to the top and:
found:it unoccupied! If It hadn't been,'
I expect It would have been a bit expensive to take. It finished otir work
for' the:'moment, as It was .still top
dark' to shoot, and the King's African
Rifles were to carry on the assault.
I didn't see.as much of (heir work
as.I-would have liked to, because, being a squadron signaller, I had to keep
a bit out of it if possible. When I
did try to see what was happening the
enemy sprinkled me with a maxim, so
I decided mere curiosity wasn't worth
it. Firing didn't begin till daybreak;
and though quite a lot of people were
moving about the hillsides we couldn't
tell whether they..were.-.Britiah oi
enemy askaris, as their uniforms were
much, alike. Then there was a single
shot, "then a volley,' their the circle of
hills in, whipb we were, rang with the
music. Tne,maxims Joined In and
rattled viciously,,1 providing theV light
•music; the heavy part of the.opera
being-the rumble of rapid fire m
rocky amphitheatre.
A Charg*
Then the X. At B,'* charged. .J heard
the bugle sound and some distant yelling, and the German's maxims stopped
their deliberate work and stuttered on
and on without taking breath. After
a time there came a lull ln the fight-
ing, and the firing sounded rather like
a pack of dogs who had been severely
reproved for barking in the night and
yet can't quite stop. A shot—then more
shots—a. lull ("*top. It, you brute,")
Then an enemy maxim would yap
hysterically, and the whole pack would
be off again.
We were trying to finish off a machine gun, which wouldn't be silenced.
I think we must have worried it a bit,
for it did me the honor of taking a
violent dislike to me personally
our snipers were kept well occupied
by him ail day, and saw him. Several
enemy snipers had slipped through the
K. A." It.'* and sniped from between
them and our snipers, so both lots had
a busy time chasing one another.
A* Man and His Hone
War as waged out here is not the
hell that war in tho European area 1*:
but It is nasty cold blooded business
when yon Shoot at a man on the plain
just as you: shoot at a buck, and exult
when you kilt him, mainly because lt
was a good shot. Those King's African
Rifles men are'wonderful. They marched 20 miles, 'climbed a precipice, fought
a. battle that included a bayonet charge
and , marched back, some, of them
wounded; and this on a water bottle—
no food.. They are always cheerful,'do
not'know what fear is, and no wound
can depress {hem. 1 myself saw a man
shot through. ..the leg limp down the
hill to his horse, feed it and see to the
girths before he thought of looking
at his Wiottnd. ■ '.They fought like demons, ibut the place Is a natural fortress—I know; because I have been
there beforehand the Germans had
dug themselves in.
Did j ever teii you of a K. A. R. man
>vho :was 'in 'retirement somewhere
down the Un*;? .He got fed up wlth.lt,
and. went 'back towards the enemy, returning later with a maxim on his
ahoulder and'.'apologized for not bringing the tripod, as it was too heavy! 1
do not vouch for this, but it Is the sort
of, thing they do.,   ,
I am at tlie main *camp now, but that
Is not free from excitement. Ono of
our men on the bait patrol had a nasty
experience :.a-little while ago. The
patrol is called a' "bait" because 11
consists of a smalt number of men senl
round the camp before dawn to see ii
the enemy are going, to attack.
Well, this;patrol ran Into t*wo Hon;
and'*, lioness with cubs, and she charged the iast'man. Luckily his mult
froze '.stiff with terror, and the Honest-
Stopped. The man Jumped off and
stood-rendy to fire, .but the,patrol hac
ihe.atrlctest '.orders not to.fire, at.anj
gamer-ali'patrols have—so .he could
onl^'do so as a last extremity..'. TKf
tloiieBs.circled.round him and.charged
three''t!mes; bat/pulled- up short every'
time 'because nothing moved. She took
t0:fiiiaklng her head and.crouchIng, but
finally drew off, ahd followed the patrol'till :broad daylight/. Of course it
JsYoJulto/ unusual for a lion-or*lioness
to.jchargeilko that without provocation
■b'i|t;that Is .no. consolation when.,you
are the 'exception, and that man had
"aome"- nerve.
(By Daily News Leaaed Win.)
VANCOUVER, B. C, Feb. 1.—Mush-
Ing for 38 miles over the deep snows,
20 men. passengers ahd crews, stalled
at Pemherton aboard Pacific Great
Eastern train*, tonight arrived here
with tales of their experiences on the
long, trip which took the better part
of tpo day*, and Jdtht*. The party
arrived at Squamiah Utat night and left
that: point thla morning, arriving In
Vancouver toolght.
NCval Correspondent Comments on the
American   Program—Increaaing
','"'*-" Power of 14-Inch  Guns.
»The announcement that Joseptius
Daniels has ordered ' the two battleships In-the American program of 1915
to be built In government yards has a
double Interest, says the naval correspondent of .the London Times. In the
first place it reveals ah attitude of independence on the -part of the navy
department, which has. had to uoa.
with** an awkward situation owing to
the great: Increase hi the cost of ship
construction and materials: The private bids for tho two new battleships
which were opened oh ..Nov. 17, weVe
found to be-at a higher 'rate than that
fixed by congresB. Each snipouiluinb
company tendering kept its price below the limit fixed by the legislature,
but only by omitting certain Items Itj
the specification which, would have
made the ultimate cost far higher.
- On their own conditions the Fore
River Shipbuilding company offered to
build one battleship in '34 months for
£1,527,600; the New York Shipbuilding
company one In the same period foi
Sl',540,000, and the Newport News
Shipbuilding company one In 4U
months for £1,655.000. These estimates were for hull and machinery
only. It Is the custom of the navj
yards to bid also, and their prices,
which wero presumably inclusive of
everything but armor and'armament,
ranged from £1,482.630 of the Mare
Island yard, California,: tor a snip it.
31 months, to that of £1.383,285 ot the
Philadelphia yard for. a' ship -''within
36 months. It is generally anticipated:
however, that If both the new battleships are entrusted to the public yards
their actual cost will be greater thai)
these estimates. - Certainly,: there will
be delay in beginning the work, aa
the -New York navy yard Ib already
busy on the battleship Arizona
(launched* last1 June) and California
(Just laid down), and the Mare Island
and Philadelphia yards have not the
facilities for thb* construction of super-
The' aecbnd pbint of Interest about
the new »hlps'is that." they will be
equipped with'electric propulsion like
the California to which they will correspond lh type. The California, which
was laid down on Oct 14 laat, will be
the firtt battleship in the world In
whloh an attempt has been made tb
utilize the hew motive power in ships
of the largest battleship class. Before
the Instalatlon of the electric system
in her, experiments were carried out
In the battle ot Santiago. At th* laying of the California's keel Mr. Daniel*
aud that the combination of electric
drive and oil fuel would enable thla
vassal at 10 knot* speed to steam for
nine days longer than a coal-burning,
dreadnought, and during that time ah*
could cruise more than 2150 .mtle*
The armament of the California class
will consist of 12 14-inch guns, mounted in fpur turrets, three In each, with
a torpedo defense battery of 22 5-inch
quick-firing guns and four 3-inch antiaircraft guns.' The report bf Bear Admiral Joseph Strauss, chief of the bureau bf ordnance, contains 'the' state-
men that the bureau has increased, the
POWer of the 14-inch guns for the California, by lengthening them to St
calibres and enlarging the chamber capacity. "These gunB," he says, though
of lesser calibre and weight than the
15-lnch gune now mounted aboard, are
capable of penetrating the heaviest Bide
armor at oblique impacts and at the
greatest effective battle -range and
give the advantage of flatter trajectory, with a greater volume of fire,
due to the increased number that can
be mounted on any ship of equal displacement."
The concentration of the principal
guns in a few positions has enabled
the designers to give them protection
by very thick armor. The gunhouses
are 14 inches thick at the base, they
have 8 Inch shield* over the ports and
from 9. inch to 10 Inch at the sides,
with a roof of 5 Inches thickness. The
conning tower, communication tubes
and the uptake to the single funnel are
all heavily armored and the watorllne
belt has a maximum thickness of 14
inches. But while, therefore, the principal firing positions and certain other
vital points ore provided with heavy
armor, the 5-inch batter has no protection whatever, the idea being that
all hbavy shells would pass through
these positions without exploding,, or If
they burst-In the ship it would be
without material, damage to the torpedo
defense armament. ' -
Preaaura ef Swollen Waters ia Wont
in Quarter ef Century—LeVae
(By Dally News Leased Wire,)
LITTLE ROCK, Ark., Feb. 1.—
Western Arkansas Is threatened today
with the worst flood tn 25 years. Rest- -
dents of Its towns and hamlet* cast
anxious oyes at their levees, fearing
that they would not be able to withstand the trcmendouB pressure of the
swollen watei B, The McClennand
levee broke today.
Bight hundred negro convicts marooned at the state farm at Cummins
remained helpless today, . though a
steamer was chartered to rescue them.
The 368 white prisoners wero sent to
Little Rock before the. f.ood waters
broke the levee at Cummins last night
Refugees are flocking. - from tho
smaller towns to those better protect-
de. Relief .measures are urgent, It ls
said,,.  , "        ' y  '
Pour hundred person's on a'leveo at
ArchaVd ferry, across .the Arkansas
river from Redfield, were rescued today- ■   :  ■> null
A sudden drop, of the tomperaturo to
below freezing lent further distress to
tho sufferers in sections already inundated. [
NEWPORT, Ark., Fob. 1.—The Rock
Island levee went out at two places
here this morning, and,, Newport is
flooded. The water is still rising and
residents arc traversing the olty in
aaaaililinill llni
ilia. *i.i
(By Dally News Leased Wire.)
WINNIPEO, Feb. l.-0,abor legislation occupied the legislature at -.short
ssssion today, Hon. T. H. Johnson,
minister of public works, moving the
second reading of a number of bills.
f.Rv Daily  News  Leased  Wire.!
LONDON, Feb. 2.—The steamer
Princess Juliana, plying,-between London and ; Flushing, and one of the
largest and fastest vessels In the
channel service, struck a mine In the
North sea and has been beached at
Felixstowe, Suffolk.
Tho passengers and crew were res-
cued and landed at Harwich.        , .
As the annual number of the Monetary Times went to press, tbe, chart
showing the fluctuation of International exchange quotation* had to be
provided with a special well in order
to show tbe latest drop in the value
of tbe German mark. Last week, exchange on Germany In New York fell
to 73, the lowest quotation since the
outbreak of the war ahd probably
without parallel in the financial relation* between New York and Berlin.
Thla Is equal to about 23 per cent discount The Austrian kroner is at a
discount of more than 38 per cent. On
the other hand, remittances to London
have attained their highest rate* In
months, demand sterling being quoted
at prices representing a depreciation
of less than 2 per cent from the rates
of normal times.
The outside financial world value*
German financial paper at a discount
of 23 per cent. The outside financial
world, even at that, is generous to Germany's worthless paper, which ls backed by vain hopes of the payment of
large indemnities by Britain and the
allies after the war. Just as we have
got the upper hand over our enemies
in trade, finance, shipping and a dozen
other important phases, bo will we in
due course Have the military advantages It may be a long fight and a
hard one. Every citizen's contribution
ln muscle or money is needed, but the
day of complete victory will come,—
Monetary Times.
H. M. E. EVans has been elected
president of. the Edmonton board of
Hockey Special
In Aid of
Belgian Relief Fund
Will   Be  Given  by  Mr*.  J.  A.
McCarthy in
The Armory
The management of the Gem
Threatre'.'has donated the services of its orchestra, which will
be augmented by Miss Robertson, Messrs. F. L. Irwin, Ross
Fleming and A. L. Treglllus who
are giving their services, making an ,
In Our Catalogued
Vou Ar* Offered th* B**t Value*
that are Praduoad in    .
Writ* fer aur Catalogue Today.
Henry Birks & Sons, Ltd.
J*w*ll*r* and Silvanmlth,
Vane*uv*r, !
The Annual Meeting.of the Nelaon,
Conservative Association will be held
in Eagle Hall, Nelson, B. C., on Tuesday, February 8th.' 1916, at 8 p.m. The
officers for tbe year and an Executive
Committee of 25 members will be elect- '
ed at this meeting. .The annual fee of'
|l.oo muat be paid to the Treasurer,
Geo. w. Steele, before the date ot thl*1.
meeting to put the member* In good
Bt|gines8  ^ffjCtOfV
Chemist Box A1108, Nelson, B. C.
Charges: Oold, silver, copper or
lead, $1 each; gold-silver, Jl.60; all-
ver-lead, Jl.60. ' Other metal* on application.
C. A. WATERMAN ft CO., Opera blk.
47*4; phone 18.. i
sale Grocer* and Provision, M*r-,
chants.'' Importers of Te*»j Coffee*,
Spices, Dried Fruita, Staple and
Fancy Groceries, Tobaccos. Cigars,
Butter, Eggs, Cheese and Packing
House Products. Office ahd warehouse, corner of Front and Hall St*.
P.O. Box 1096; telephone 18 and 23.
Civil Engineers, Dominion and B. O.
Land Surveyor*. '
Survey* of: Latida,, Mines, Townslte*,
Timber Limits, .etc. .">•'.
Nelson, 616 Ward street, A. H. Green,
Mgr.;  Victoria,  111  Pemherton Bldg.,
F. C. Green;  Fort George, Hammond
street F. P. Burden.
Pursuant to the provisions of Sections 11 and 13 of this act, notice Is
hereby given of the resignation of G.
Gordon Holmes, poundkeeper of the
pound established in the Proctor School
district BB from the 31st of December,
1916, and of the appointment as his
successor of F. J. Walton of Proctor.
B.C., as poundkeeper for the above
(Signed) A. C. FLUMERFELT,
Minister of Finance and Agriculture
December 81, 1915.
John Burns & Sons■^SS'^
Every Description of Building Material Kept In Stack.   Estlmataa Given
on Stone, Brick, Concrete and Frame Buildings.
P.O.  BOX   134 PHONE   178
for over two year* In the collier Jupiter
violent aisime to me personauy tori*"*."'» *n«crRatea that the,-orui.ing
about ten minutes. It fired at irregu-' rW'™'n«*homlcal speed will be Infer intervals into and over and around ore?f*l6?, 1>er «•»* *vfT °ttlt °' a
my rock, till I felt i was playing an <g'r***>na.\nf vesarf with any oUier
exciting game of roulette, with rather ""^JV ST. *S? *!pllm-T" V
high stakes.,i-i got through abouf'20 »r«ufh'.» mP?'»fV?re "?'• ^he^d*
round* in.that little gamble. ,^- had *J™ a6,?°*fa,'J' ^»clBM to J*"*,
to wait tin they fired non up, Piok up,d*lphla throu*h the Panama canal and
my^Zrk i^thengrovel Sn'judg- K*K $2t f&t .r" J,!S
ing the time between their Surst*,^::.'ELTSfoi«L wS!'^S?£'-SK fTm
dJnot mind the twangof arrcioohet. i^'^L^K SSSiSfei^i^Sl
hi,, th.,.. «A..« *n- .v,_ -ntt throat. Ban FiabciBco to Philadelphia via the
eSlng m«e wbl&JV mfeal'T ■**£•* Magellei In to days, re**-
.Present!? 1^ caij^^Jlaga me.- '"^""an water, te time: to ta«c; part
sage, and beat an undignified retreat
] to what seemed a safer spot, but a
sniper had now started on m« and I
Eventually everybody will ge.to th«
9*m.X ' "■-.: ■ aim
Out of Respect to the
Meirjory of the Late v
Rev. Roy Van Munster* M.A., B.D.
This Store Will Be Closed
Today from 1 p.m.to3 p.m.
—Meets every Monday night tn Oddfellows' hall at 7:80 o'clock.
No. 16, I.O.O.F., meet* first and third
Tuesdays, Oddfellows' hall at 8
o'clock. '
O.F.—Meets v second . and fourth
Thursdays In Oddfellow*' hall at, i
every second Tuesday in Oddfellowe*
hall, at 8 o'clock.  --X
Tuesday night* In K. of P. hell,
Eagle block. . '
t.O.O.F. hall tint and third Friday*
at's pjn.   ' ■   : - ' 'i
i; O. E.—Meets first and third Mon-
daya In K. of P. hall at 8 p.m.
Nelson Hardware Go.
Daily News Want Ads Get Results
Coal mining right* of the Dominion
m Manitoba, Saskatchewan, and . Al-
lerta, the Tukon Terrltoi., the North-
wast Territories, and In a portion of
the province bf Britiah Columbia, may
o* leased for a term of twenty-oil*
years at an annual rental of II per
.ore. . No more than 2,060 acre*.will
ne leased to one applicant .
Application for a lean must be
made by the applicant lh person to the
vgent or Sub-agent ot the district oi
which tb* rights applied for are •Itu.-.
in surveyed territory t.» land muat
no described by section*,or legal pub*'
llvlalona of aactlun* and In unaurvey.
ed territory th* tract applied for snail
ue staked but by the applicant hlmeelf.
Each application must ba accompanied by a fee of |e which will be refunded II ths right* applied for are
not available, but not btherwl**, A
royalty abal Ibe paid on tbe merchantable output ot the mint at tht
rate of five cent* per ton.
The person operating the min* ahell
furnish thai Agent with sworn return*
accounting for the full quantity ot
merchantable coal mines and pay tht
royalty thereon. If- tht coal mining
right* ar* not being operated, auoh
return* ehall b<* furnished at. least
one* a year.
The leas* will Include tht coal mining rights only, but tha lessee may
bt .permitted' to ' purchae* whatever
available surface rights may bt considered neeeaaary tor the working of
the mine at tbe rate of f 10 an ten,
For full information application
should be made to the secretary ot tht
Department o ftht Interior, Ottawa,
or to any Agent or qab-acant of Do.
minion land*. 7 '
W. W, CORY,  -
' Deputy Mlnlatar ot th* Interior.
V, B.—Unauthoried publication oi
thla advtrtlaamtnt wlU not be paid for,.
WEDNESDAY.   FEB. 2,'  1916,
b th* winning number ln our
vrttkly drawing for a pair of »6
Shot*.   Holder   of   thlia   ticket
plea** call.
Ask for ticket with your pur-
R. Andrew & Co.
| No Scot. Nt Clinker*.
Ln* than 3 Per Cent A*h.
Price S8a25 par ten Delivered.
... »      .
W*a§t Transfer
, Phon* Ml Agenta.
[in Spite ef Weather in January Average Perfect Attendance was
About. 9?. Per Cent.
,In spite of tlitf severe weather ox
Iperlonced In* tho*; cirpdurlng tho past
I month, a high average for perfect at-
I tendance was maintained at the .cen-
Itral school, It being about OOm'er cent.
I The lowest class attendance .reported
I for the month' was .80.7-7 per cent.,
I while Division 7 headed .thejlst with
Ian average, for .perfect attendance of
1,95.33 per cent: The reports from tho
| Individual classes'follow: '
DlflBlon I.—M per cent, perfect at-
I tendance.—Nelson Ball. Erma Brown,
I Gladys Brown. Janet Carrie, -Phoebe
ICummins, Allan bill,-Reginald* T>J11,
I Florence 13ytbn. .Mildred Houston, Jack
link, Eva Irwin, Odmuiul .liirvls, Doris
1 Johnson,- George joy. Carol Koch, Edna
I Lean, Joe Lfthadley Mary Moore, Clar-
I unco Richardson, Edgar. Thurman, .lack
I Weir, Jeati Turner, Lewis Ivdpper. Ethel
1 Morrison/ Daphne Rooke, Helen Mc-
Icaslin.: !  *
Division II.—Perfect attendance 05.14
I per cent.—George Burtlett, Ruth Colcy,
Norah Coles, Jack Devlin, .Tesslo Donaldson, Reginald aallaghm*, Roy Hay,
Helen Jeffs", derlmrdt L,oi«mann. Irene
I Laughton, !^aueliut*.-Muaiiuson,,1WJl.hfrt
Mannon, M*ed isicelands,' l*Ive'ly'n Popd,
Erwin Richni,flson,,:R'usscil lticlmrdsoh,
i Lawrence Simp'soh,    Elinoro.   Taylor,
| Gordon Wilson, .Winnlfrert Palothorpe,
| Mary Forrester;- ijernhdine -Yode.r.
"Division   liH.r^-Porfcct ■  attendance,
88.92.—Beul'a'h.yriartlctt;   John   Eyton,
.Arthur -Posoter, Floyd   Irwin,   Percy
[ Jordan,- Gertrude* McDdnld, Tom McDonald, Stanley McNellly, Grace Mil-;
ler, Willie Piillllps, Eleanor Pike, Louis
' Sinclair,    ifeien     Whitjporo: . Percy
( Ypung, Peter' Smith. '-'• . *-
''Division ' IV.—Perfect attendance
92,29 -per cep't^— Qucenlo Annable, Ernest Blakoy Marjorie Bloomer, Susie
Cain, Frank CaBlei*. Ellocn Dill, David
Douilas, Frederick * Fletcher, Cecilia
' Harris, Dorothy Howell. Lily Hunden,
Ciarl, Johnson", Irepe Labadie, Katie
Loewen, Bessie Robertson, Alice Ryan,
Hair Came Out. Scalp Itched and
Burned.* Scales Like Sawdust.
Cuticura Healed In Six Weeks.
. Tho Pus, Manltoba.-^-"Pour years ago
I began to Ioko my luir.. It used to come
out any timo that 1 combed it. ' I tliiuk lt
•paa because my head Was full of dandruff!
"Whenever I brushed lt tbe scales dew off
like sawdust. My scalp also Itched and
burned and' my head was like a dry crust,
.The dandruff showed very plainly.
-.-..- "I-applied several remedies but found no
improvement till I used Cuticura Soap and
Ointment. After uslng.Cuticura Soap.and
^Ointment a few days I found a great difference so I continued with thorn sis weeks
-and they completely healed me." (SlRncd)
X. D. Lockwobd, June 4, 1014,   .
Sample Each Free by Mail
* Although Cuticura Soap and Ctiticnra
Ointment arc sold* throughout tbe world, a
sample of each with 32-p. skin Book will be
sent free upon request. Address post-card:
- "Cotio.il., Dept. I>, Boston, V, S. A."
Martha   Sommers.    Helene   Wallach,
Mary Wallach.
Division v.—Perfect attendance
•0.88 per cent.—Jack Boyce.. Hector
Blakcy. Gordon Burns, Margaret Cameron, Lillian Cassidy. . Ernest Colcy.
Mamie Croll. Delacour DesBrlsay,
Homer Dimock, 'Evelyn Jeff*, Charles
Kelly, Robert Laughton, Ellon Munro,
Murial McGregor, Bylvie Munro, William Munro, James Cassidy.
Division VI.—Porfect attendance
80.77 per cent.—Harold Adams, Edna
Campion, Norman Brown, Walter
Harkness, Creina Horsteou, Graco
Laughton, May Lawson, Agnes Lub-
cbmbe, Gordon Newton, Aulay Mclnnes,
Grace McDonald,' Roland Smyth, William Waldie.
Division VII.— Perfect attendance.
95.33 per cent—Winnie Balliss, Stanley Carlson; Jessie Croll, George Dill.
Margaret.Ewlng, Gooffry Byton, Donald Grant, Florence Graves, Dorothey
Hodgson, Olive Lepper, Millie Machln
Hector Mackehzlo, Marguerite Nat-
tress, June Fhalr, Dorothea Sander-
cock, George Thurman, Wesley Traves
George Walker, Evans Wnsson, Fred
Weir, Ernest Welsh.
Division 8—Porfect attendance, 90.36
per cent.—Clarice Blackwood. Howard Calvert, Alex Cassidy, Hlng Chins,
Duncan Darough, Percy Halllwoll,
George Hamson, Ada Joy, Ida Levine,
Henry Loewen, Eric Moore Teddy McVicar, Edna Paulson, Louisa Ryan,
Harofid Sostad, Shu Tbng, Willie
Stanley, Edward Hamilton. .
Division 9—Perfect attendance, 90.01
per cent.—Jack Annable, John Bamber,
Marlon Blackwood, Gordon Boyce,
Robert Byres, Stuart DeBhriBay, George
Donaldson, Margaret Douglass, John
Forrester; Nance Gracey, Jack James
Carl Johnson, Alta Lammadee, Annie
Mclnnls, Percy Meore, Cecil Relliy,
Louis Santos, Orphl'RIchardson, Edna
.Archer, Gladys Wonth, Kathleon Williams. '}
' Division ' 10.—Perfect attendance,
80.85 per cent.—-Margaret Avery, Le-
dona Ballan, Alex Cassidy, Nelson
Fletcher, Harry Hamilton, Willie
Hnrknoss, Florence Jeffreys, Madeline
Johnson, Edith Lawson, Leslie Maurer,
Jessie Macdonald, Archie Phillips,
Ruth Robertson.
.Division 11—Porfect attendance,
90.52 per cent.—Arthur Avery, Hettle
Blegam, Jean Blggam, Legale Ballan,
Chester Barker, Wilfred Chrlshop,
Mary Campolleto, Gertrude Forrester,
Eva Gillette, Greta Green, Charlie Gallagher, Charlie Hoare, Arthur Jeffreys,
Bruce Mclntyre, George McKeown,
Bennle Martin, Catherine McLeod,
Wilmcr McHnrdy, Roberta Pike, Ber
tha Sommers, Francis Svoboda, Edith
Division 12—Perfect attendance,
87.03 per cent.—'Reggio Chimllowskl,
Eunice Haggitt, Dorothy Hall, William
Jeffs, Sybil Moore, Hazel Murphy,
Gordon McKenzie, Odin Sostad|v Bert
Thorpe, Gilbert Pae-c. May Pa°-e,
Division 13—Perfect attendance,
80.92 per cent.—Arthur Boyce, Gladys
Hall, Rose Hall, Dorothy Hipperson.
Gordon Irving, Elmer Muiiroe, John
Mclnnls, Olive Mclntyre, Willie Mc
Lean, Elsie Nlpou, Elmer Relley, Edith
Ryan, Vera Thor, Don Wilson, Myrtle
McKeown, Bertie Hugh*.. David Cnlln
han. -..,   ' -_t
Division / W—Perfect■■ attendance,
9-1.45 per cent.—Anna Anderson, Stanley Bartlett, Leonard Blakcy, Gordon
Barker, Clifford Burns, Jean Coles, Ag
nes Cassidy, Gladys Fotheriivrham,
Wilfred . Gardiner, Whitney Genest,
Stanley Genest, Eldrend Genest, Cyril
.Taekman. Charlotte Jeffs, Him Kee.
Donald Kurt2, Hedloy Matthews, Or-
pha Manharl, David Proudfoot, Morris
Richardson, Arthur Stormstoad, Elgin
Thompson, Enoch Williams.
Division 15—Perfect attendance,
S9.00 per cent—Lilian Bloomer, Harold Erlckson, Aimer Gustafson, Stan
ley Hall, Eldon Hamilton, James
Hughes, Joo link, Marlon James, Ar
thur Joy, Margaret Kelly, Gerald Mc-
Leary, Emina McLelland, Helen Murphy, Una Phillips, Eric Ramsdon, Sam
Division 16—Perfect attendance,
SS.SS per cent.—Violet Bell, Floyd BIs-
soll, Jack Bunyan, Cameroii Fraser,
Stanley Gustafson, Evelyn Hind, Margaret Hipperson, James Kelly, Olive
jKotohum, Stanley Lono, Willard Lucia, Johnnie McLean, Willie Pngo,
Timothy Paris. Norman Phillips, Gor-
dort Richardson, Rita Robertson, Ethel
Shaw, Frank Svoboda,* Conrad Thor,
Johnnie Fowler.
Division 17-7-Perfect attendance;
83.11 per contl—Carl Arouri, Jack
Byres, Florence <Jrant, Harold Gillette,
Trevor Hughes, .'Rosio Jeffreys, Vira
Kirby, Jack McDonald,.Allan Mclnnls,
Ottilia Olesoh, Georgo Peters, Harold
Richardson, ,.Mary Smith, Otto Thor,
Jack'Thomas, John Wallace, Victor
Kootenay and Boundary
ROSSLAND, B. C, Fob. 1.—The regular devotional meeting of St. Andrew's Young' People's socioty was
Jield In the church parlors last evening, Rov. W. Robertson, convenor of
the devotional committee, occupied the
chair. It was decided that there
would bo no moeting of tho society
on Monday night next, that' being the
opening night of the carnival.
J. White of Troll Is a visitor In the
Feed Taylor Made
'Chic Chop
To your chickens as
a morning mash, and
Increase Your Egg Supply
Results of Promotion Te«t« at End Df
Pt*M Terms Are Made
(Special to The Daily News.)
ROSSLANT>, B. C, Feb. 1.—Thft following are the reault^^f the promotion
examinations- in tli^VRosstand public
schools for the fall 'term ending; on
.Tan. Si:
Central School..
Division 2—To Senior Fourth: Margaret Peters, Tillle Sharpe, Violet Johnson, John BInney Bob Peters, Richard Drew, Cyril Wallace, Jenny Don-
ohue, Nellie HIgglris, Ellen Berg, Harold Helm, Mary. Freney, Helen Bonner,
Percy Treglown, Lome Terhune, Garden Reagen, Emily Gelling, Chailesi
Pooley. To Junior Fourth: Francis
Potestie, Maizie McKenzie, Nellie Coleman, Eva Moir, Kathleen priscoll, Edith Peters, Joseph Thomas, Katie
Coleman. Recommended—John Kier,
Willie Sharpe.
Division 3—To Senior Third: .Tonnie
Sleley, Phyllis Gregory, Flora Palm-
quist, Bertha Helm, Herman Suneson,
Edna Johnson, May Murray, Edmund
Tjukkar, Will Jones, Ernest Chesham.
Fred Bell, May Hirst, Michael Dono-
hue.Inez Whitford, Agnes Seraphine,>
Harry Deagon, An-a Stone, To Secy
ond Intermediate Third: Rose KnoW-
ley; Doininfn Oallinatti, Carrlti Heap,
Mary Kania; Catherine Kier, Frank
Stinson, Elsie McDonaluV, Jean Jbnes,
John Ward, Pearl Bbwditcl.;"Eileen'
Stevens, Ethel Cocking, Roy TsaAcsen,
Jennie Glroux. .'•. Wnino Sildn. . Eva!
MitchelL •*''*
Division 4—fo First Intermediate:
Francis Heldler, Malmlo MolhiiJ^, AI-*
lison Stout, Emily Johnson, Douglas
McDonald, Maud Bowdltch, Tom
While, Lily Paul!, Annie Moir, Mary
Ife, Gertrude Powell, Catherine Pooley, Marlon BlBson, Oerge Nixon.
Elizabeth Armstrott?, Stuart Tetihulo,
Elvira JohnHon, Margaret Oolistro,
Margaret Supple, .Tosephine Vetere,
Olive Mitchell. To Junior Third: Eve.
lyn Brown, Alice Archibald, Eva Holm,
Audrey Boll, Billy Wadds, Florence
Braden, iMargaret Kania, Margaret
MoKeen, Marlon Matheson, Eloie
Dahlman, Stanley Wallis, Margaret
Stead; Alfred Nute, Dora Villemaire,
Armand Gotnoir, Hilda Johnson, Mary
O'Brien, Willie Ross, Cyril Rue-lie,
Division S—To Senior Second: Hol-
mii Xainnr., Clarehcc HaycH.- Sf*.nfrld
Heidler, Grace Newman, Molly .Tohn-
Htone, Alice Pnoley, Jame» Drisooll,
Lome Hlggins, Helen MciDonell, Bdward Hattrup. Ronald Lnngdon, Del-
))crt 1-iiikkur, Frank Singer, Helen McJ
N.ltikol, "Gladys Drew, Fr,a'i,U Grant.
.Mivrgnret Speno. Sain Bldnchi, BI1116
Ternan, Eddie Hirst, Richard Stone.
Willard Kier, ftusscll BisMon, Beatrice
Drew, Esther Peters, Lizzie Ross,
Clara BInney, Josephine Colistro,
Phyllis Hayes, Joo Coleman, Jean
Glendinnlng, Lizzie Wilson, 'Edward
Kobertaon, Norman Nute, Ruth Lill-
(_w\ni Virgil Smith, Arnesto Coello,
Jack Devitt, . Esther Berg, Sigfrld
Beckman, Teddy Emory, Bill George
Annie Byslevlch.
Division G—To Junior Second: Nellie Barrowj Beulali Drew, Fred Villemaire, Morley Newman, Mary Rogers,
.lessle Stevens, Hermine Ruelle, Eliza-
iml.Ii Robertson, Sylvia Bean, Irene
Sharpe, Kate GallinatU.'Emilo Ruello,
Leo Ward, Laina Hendrlcksbn, Hllding
Hendrlckson, Charles Destafane, Amos
Ttiiolle, Roscoe Chenowotih, Meha Colo*
man, Thomas Supple. Artolphus Tas-
ker, Fred Tasker, Thomas Weir, Clar-
ehce iSmith, Katherine KJoine, Jack
rticliards, Willie Wilson, Mo.y-Roberts,
Tony . Vetero. Cornelius * V.f«u;d^ :From
Junior FlrHf to Junior jSe^nd:-Edwin
Nord, G\istav Nord, Stephen-.Vtklnson,
ISdward Rogers. From Junioi* First to
Senior First;' .. Kelonc ftunesen. Maria
Mulligan, Richard SampROl»i-;Ciitric.e.i
Smith, EIgiu.Crbsst Flarittdo MartellOj
Ross Terhune. LizzI.e Lastlri, Andrew;
Grubisic, Buster Binrnett, Walter Siida
Francis Lefaco.v; : Alfred BuotsaU*,
Gniee Singer, Jenny Cuture, Gino Za
nusBi, Hariy Cummihgs.      .  .
Division 7—To Junior First: Isabel
McKinnon,- Ina OBterblad, Myrtle Garden, Basil Molllnare, Ada Nixon, Al-
bertlhe Deschamps, Robert Lawson,
Calllferine Freney, Florence McKenzie,
Hugh Kearney, Allan Lelghton, Walter Weber, Veronica He*ad, Knut Nord,
Phyylis Allan, Morris Wadds, John
Donohue, James Stevens, Annie Johnson, Gladys Junkin, Robert Clark, Aine
Lammi, George Ruetsale, Tom Roberts,
Helen Peters, Harry 'Fefovre, Eddie
Lillquist, Hector McKenzie, Ernest
Coello, iRalpti Lester, Beatrice Dally,
Peter Galllnatti, Vanner Beckman,
Dorothy Blsson, Gcorglna Matheson,
Johnny Destafane , Rose Dysevlch,
Lliulsay Cartor,v Joe Tarehuok, Amelia
Ressi, Germairie 'Roudrier, Stanley
Richards, Floreance Johnson, Dinna
Molllnaro,. Will Tqrchuck, Fred Mitch
ell, Elizabeth Weir, Donald Fraser,
Jean Nicholson, Joo Ranetta, Frank
Potestlo, Raines Doudrior.
Division 8—To Second Low Primer:
Arvo OJa, Arthur OHya. Elsie Stone.
Stephen Deschamps, ^liya Guarnsleo,
Mary aMrtello, Albert Johnson, Peter
Chiarelli, Laura Madero, Carman T-e-
face, Genevieve Richards, >nne Wilson, Aili ■ Wilson. George Deschamps,
Florence.^Couture, EHo Blanchi, Ruby
Dahlman, Doris Lefevro, John Clark,
Marjorie Jones. From Class B to Second Primer: Lizrfe GUI, 'Rose Golli-
nattt-Uly Driscpll, Doris isaasson,
Aldoge Vlllenairn, Evelyn Bilton, Olive
Nuto,1 Erallia Albe, Robert Uiglmdo,
Archillo Ruelle, Fannie Stefanich,.Ell-
wardo Vetero. From Low Primer to
High First Primer: Robert McKay.
Colomblna Goecia, Henry .lohnson,
Nellie Helltkila, Frank Leface, Hilbert
Hansen,, Albert Spina, Ruth Singer,
Alex Nicholls, Edward Ruella, Billy
Ward, iMilio Vetero, Rose Mitchell,
Gladys Hancock.
Cook Avenue School.
Dlbisdon 3.-—To Junior Third—Audrey Varcee, Josephine Roscprla; Harold
Ellis, Albert Woodey, Margaret Golds-
worthy, Leslie Caunt, Arnold Palm,
Fred Schmidt, Cecelia Potit, Mary EN
letson, Julius Rlngqnist, Ruster Holmes, Phillip Johnson, Charles Mlekel-
son, Verna Doige, Henry Smith, Minnie Dally, Willie Hfrynes, Willie Blylhe.
To Senior Second—Willie Jar\'is,
Wong Tong, Doris Eowcott, Ettln John--
son, Billy Henderson, Gordon Harper.
Violet Swanson, T^eonard. . phurchiH
TKomas Haynes, Allan McCpim, E11-
iveod Ellis, Harold Brldgman, Maurice
Wilson, Mlra Keating, Albert Albe,
Division 5.—To Senior 'Second—Leslie Anderson, Gladys Boweott. Arthur
Cham'berlain, Pansy Coulter. Gladys
Fox, Louise Green, Harry Jay, Elizabeth Jorden, Frances Miekleson, Jack
Munro, Alice Nichols May Prest, Harold Preston,, Olive Rontledge, Albert
Sorvold, Willie ' Stanaway, Edward
Tomoch, Cordelia Trovarrow, Mary
<Vilmot, Esther Wliuloll, Chong Wong.
To Junior Second—Harry Churchill,
James Gullonane, Fred? Friedland, Billy
Hogg1, Estlior Johnson, Helen' Peterson, Edith Townsend, Lena Nimsiek,
Doris Lang, Marguerite McDonald, Angus Mcintosh, Richard Triggs. Polly
Division ■?,.—Tb Senior First.—Bessie
Capern, Myrtle Colensn, ([nrold l-Vix;
Ollvo Grotitage, MargnPrlto .Mlehaely,
Eva, Plester, Kalrijm Rosse, Harold
Kcheriemer, Llewellyn Colenso, .(.Hailys
Swnnson. •■     t*
To .lunior First—-Trevessa' Colenso.
Gladys Erlckson, Cora IJarrllng, Sone
Lindqulst, Leslie Mitchell, -Marcel Petit, Rose Petit, Winnie RoittUedge, Louis
Giroux, Jack Wilson, Walter Gill. Portland   Gill. \ . y .
To Second Primer— •liny.' Armisliaw,
Millie Delitcl). Irene Harrison, Edith
■Hawkins, Eva.'H'olmes, Kaftrileen Long,
Florence Mtjaehen, ElBio-lftervoUl, Jen-
irio Woodey, Erma Fox, Ntvil Hniidor-
noji,_ 'Neil Mlelielsen. H a -s
■ .Division 1.—To Second Primer—.Tolm
Miehe'lsnii, -Cecil :Pitl. Snhi Stanuway.
Lewis Blatr, Waldonlar Itolm, Axel
Johnson,« Eva Morrow. Jack McColm,
Bdward SodJ% Doille 'RjU|)h, M:nry
Treviirton, Robert Davidson.   ,
From receiving elass tb''Flrst. primer
—Louise Har-per, Dnllle I2van8f Helen
Walstell, Maporle Cftiint,''Doree\i Mit
chell, ISthei Dwyer, 'Gladys Chesham.
Edith Burby, Charlotte Lowes, Florei
Cook, Le.-ivltt Leighton, Irene Chintz,
Lee Nimsiek, Marshall Thomas,. Gordon Fox, Penrllo Dixon, Claude Judd,
Alfred Albo. Walter Grubisic, John
Slubcwski. Richard Gilbert, Kenneth
Miles. Nellie Resse, Bessie "'Hayden,
Myrtle Cox.  Fliner WIndell.
Hair Often Ruined
By Washing With Soap
Soap. shou}.d. be, used very cajrefully,
if you wnht'fo koe'irydur.hair iobking
Its best Most soaps nnd prepared
shampoos contain too much alkali. This
dries the scalp, fftakes the hair brll
,\e, ana ruins it.
Tho best thing for steady use is just
ordinary mulsified' cocoanut oil (which
Is pure and grcaseless), and Is better
than tho most expensive soaip or any'
thing else you can use.
One or two teaspoonfuls will cleanse
the hair and seal]* thoroughly. Simply
moisten the hair with water and rub it.
In. It makes an abundance of rich,
cream/ lather, which rinses out easily, removing every particle of dust,
dirt, dandruff and oxeossive oil. The
hair dries quickly and evenly, and it
leaves tho scalp soft, and tho hair fine
and silky-, bright lustrous,' fluffy and
easy to manajKi;■ ^SflBaa^    ■
tou can' get muis.ified cocoanut oil.
at"any"pharinacy, it's'very cheap, and
a vfew ounces ,will supply evcrj' mem
W of tho family for months.      -   - -
Bungalow  Under Construction  By   M.
L. Doyle and Nearing Completion Total Loss By Fire
Tho new bungalow which was bei..„
built 1>y M. L. Doy/e, at. Cedar T"oiut.
and which was noa/rinp completion, was
hnrned In the ground early yesterday
Mr. Doylo states that the first Intimation he had or tho• fiYo was ,at
about fi o'clock In the. mbrniug wiien
-he got up. The fire had then Rained
such headway as to be beyond control,
and the 'building soon burned to the
ground. He had just completed the
plastering of tlie walls the day 'before
and was about to begin "laying u.e
floors. Ho states that the building will
be a total loss, which be estimates -at
about.$1300, with nq Insurance", lie it-
unable to give any cause;for tho fire.
Arrangements are.   Being    Made  For
Accommodation— Roughhouse
Burnt to Meet Anderson.
(Spedal to Tho Dally News.)
ROSSLAND, Fob. 1.—Lftst night lho
Carnival executive held a meeting in
the city hall; It was decided that the
Eagles' hand should play for the masquerade and tho first two dayn of tho
carnival;an,d the city hand the remain-
ingxtwii; <lays. .1 Most of the evening
was ,sp«ht in arranging'tlio program,
which is nojt an,easy matter..in view
of- the number, of' scniot hockey- team's
coming. These are Nolson, Traii.'rhne
nix, Grapd Forks, Butte,' Mont., and
Rossland. The prospects .foi* a grand
exhibition of fast hookey ahd for-a
largo influx of visitors are.ttje best,
tho carnival has over had,. The accommodation committoo is making a list of
available (places and wishes to get as
many moro aa possible yiie city
employees aro leveling off the streets.
Lovers of the manly art of boxing
will be able to witness one of the
best contests ever seen In this part
of the couutry when , Roughhouse
Charlio Bums and Harry Anderson
come together next Wednesday night
aj.u;Rossland^' /While i|\u)iifi'; is well
ftiiown oh aycry HSer.efesivo lio^cr. An-'
derson expectsVto offset tills "with his:
§K^t...H,is expected that thb winner of this contest will leave shortly
afterward tp.'galn.more laurels at Cal-
8»rV and other prarie cities:
A beautiful
:'.' —how to Insure It—
The regular use of
Lifebuoy Soap insures
a healthy, clean glow*
ing skin. And because
it is healthy, your complexion will be clear
and velvet like.
The mild carbolic odor vanishes after use, leaving r
sense of utter cleanliness.
Some  Mills  Also  Are   Running—Last'
•  Winter No Mills In Operation
and Only Two Camps
(Special* to The Daily N'ewa;)
CRANBROOK,'Bi-O:,' Feb. l'.—Cranbrook has ID logging camps in operation in this district this winter. Tho
Otis Staples Lumber company's mill
has been running all winter. The
Yahk Lumber company at Wasa Is
running Its sawmill and another mill
is expected tn commence sawing about
tho middle of February. Tlie lumber
business Is much Improved compared
with a year ago. Last winter there
were no mills In operation and only
two logging camps running, Owing to
tlie targe amount of lumber being sold
out of tlie ynrds last fall the mills will
commence sawing operations as early
an possible to replenish, their supply
of lumber.
Mrs. W. .!. Atchison, who has been
suffering from a severe attack of tn
grippe, is abla to be nut again. '
Mis. J. Wf Rutiedge Mr In St. Eugene hospital ^suffering from a relnpso
of la grippe.
W. S. Santo has Just, received word
frnm the military authorities of his
appointment-as a lieutenant In the
107th regiment:
Marshall Kimpton^died at.lbrthomo
nf his daughter, Mrs. Dupont, on his
eighty-fifth birthday. He was born in
South Roxton, Que;, and come to Windermere .'15 years ago, whero ho lived
until a short time ago he came to live
iu Cranbrook. He is survived by a
family of six: R. A. Kimpton of Windermere. B, C, D. P. Kimpton of
Golden, B. C, Fred Kimpton of Keoma.
Alta., Mrs. Jones of Lowell, Mass., .Mrs.
Dupont and Miss Kimpton of Cranbrook.
William Lindsay of Kimberly, B. C,
siient. a few days in tho city, returning to Kimberly this morning.
.Tames Martin wont to Wycliffe and
Kimberly on a. trip .today.
Cold Weather Needs
at Low Prices
Heavy Warm Kimonas at .$5.75
Made nf Blanket Cloth  In  Knncy Dns'.Bns on Plain  Navy. Bedi •
Copenhagen or Green Grounds.    Edgofl with. Satin Blhbon and have
Cord Girdles.   Kiv.es 36 t" ii. *{C 7R
Sale Price Today ...'.....   ■ftllltl
New Brush Wool
Sweater Coats, J
Mado of Soft, Fluffy Brushed Wool,
perfect fitting and good stylo. Finished with fiat seams and well tailored
throughout. White and Saxe-;-Blue
Sale Price, The Sat ......
Smart Winter Coats
at $17.95 Each -
All-Wool TwcedB, Plain Wool Coat-.
Ings and Silk Plush, In Brown. Oe*y'.*.
and Navy. Sixes 34 to 42. Value*,
to $35.00.
Sale Price 	
(Special to The Daily News,)
CltA-VBROOK, M,* C, Feb. 1.—Tlie
Ladies' auxiliary^ of'thp\Y. M. C A.
gavo ;i fint'cesHfiH1 concert lust niKht*.
A. C, Ilai'sliaV-waH' elrairman.' The
program: Insfcinitftental numbor by
Miss Wellma.ii. .sonp \_y Mr. Brnuston,
rncltation by Mra~ .George Moth, song
by Mr. Sheppard, stfrtg; toy, Miss Hewitt,
recitation hy Miss larcpmbo, song b!{
Miss Kilith Caslake*, song 'by Mrs. F.
D. Thompson, recitation b'y, Miss
Roryle Cameron, address by flier, W*.
■K. Thomson. , The preMcntation of tiie
Women's ciiamplonship ibowiing oupto
Miss Adii. Ilickenbotham's team took
place. Mr. liarshuw presented tlie
cup to the girls, Miss Ada HicUen-
bntham, Miss Gladys Spence and Mrs.
R. Knight. Tho last item on the program wan a gnosshiff contest, after
Which refreshments were served.
ties, especially lumber and fruit, placed
on our markets below cost of production. I have-very strong sympathy
with tlie object aimed nt in the resolution and I halve bad the matter
brought to my attention from time to
time, especially in connection with
fruit. As you aro aware tlie dumping
clause was designed to deal with the
situation in which surplus goods would
lie exported to the Canadian market at
a prico lower than the price for whltfh
they were customarily sold in the
United StateB market. Such prices
have been fairly easy to establish In
.connection with what one may call the
trade staples. When unit coines, however, to ileal .wjlji »■ commodity like
fruit, wtolclr has no fixed price in the
country of origin and which in somo
years has had great difficulty iu finding a market at any price in that
country, tlte case lis a very difficult
one, and I can auite sec that there
might he many ami serious difffcul
ties in establishing and proving- costs
of production over a large area in an
other country. The principle Involved
however, I think is sound, and in any
case I am enclosing a copy of flbc reso
lutlon to both tbc miniHtor of finance
and the minister of customs, witli cov-
erinpf letter in which 1 have expressed
strong sympathy with tbe object
named. Even if. however, such
amendment were advisable it may not
be possible to deal with general legislation this session, wiliich will be oe
cupied mainly, if not entirely, with war
measures. Jn any case I. could not
speak definitely on the matter at the
present time."
A splendid musical comedy will bo
given at tlie Empress on Keb. 22, lho
proceeds of which will he. for the benefit of the hoard of trnde.
Grand    Forks    Women    Active—Hon.
Martin Burrell Discusses the
Dumping,Clause Question
)..'   (Special to The Dally Nows.)
CTRAiND FOltlCS, Feb. ''}'.,.— The
Daughters of.tho.Empire to'ipc'co box-
eiydistrlbitted »hout the city wore emptied-today, resulting in tbc following
collections for the months of December and January: City offices, J3.75;
Downey's Cigar store, $2.25; West's
restuarant, $1.'8.1; ttussel Ihotoi, SO
cohts; Yaio hotel. 40 cents; Meagher's
cigar store -IS cents, making a.total
of $9.1ti, and a grand total for tlie
seven months ending Jan. IU of $".1.03.
A larawel! dance was given last
night in Davis hail In honor of Mesrs.
Cooke and Plant, who leave shortly for
Montreal where they wilt enlist with
iti-lY1cG.il university battalion.
Tho hoard of trade met Friday. "W,
Mark DeCew'. •^.'^sident, was' In the
ehuir, when the l.uFowing letter, from
Hon. Martin, .Burrell, dominion minister ' of agriculture, replying to tho
resolution from, the hoard requesting
an amendment to the dumping clause
whereby Commodities would not he
ndmlttod when invoiced below the cost
of production, was read:
".1 am in receipt tit. 'yoyr, icttfr of
tlio St^iiinst., enclosing;'ty.yi>;'hr;*Yeso<
lUtlon 'passed by the/boUrd nf irude
dealing with the dumping clause and
suggesting and amendment, which shall
make it operative as against commodi
certain degree of confusion and d\ft\*
nulty in fixing the -responsibility. TW»
minister and the princlpnl officials
whose energies should -he devoted t6
giving impulsion to tho whole.machinery or tho department, aro called
upon tn decide questions of detail
about which they can know nothing. V
Business Methods J
As a first step, General , Gallioni
makes a clean sweep nf'tjiat'part oif.
the red tape which consists in the,
obligation nf excesfiivo letter-wrltlnrr.
and exaggerated formaJitics. Ho in-!
sisls upon the adoption throughout
.the army -of methods similar to.those
In use-in large business concerns. ■   ;.
The minister further orders ' that
greater initiative he left to subordinate officials. District authorities hence-
forth will im empowered to ma'ko.con--
tracts which do not involve mbfe^'thaU'
aon.coo francs cjMn.noo.) ■   •    '  ■;
Many laws governing army adriltn--'-
istratlon date hack 'fifty years amViVrrl.
not in adequate relation to preaent
conditions. General Gallienl' has announced ids intention, wherever it may
seem desirable, of requesting parlia*
ineni to repeal or amend these; laws:
(Special to The Daily News.)
SOUTH SLOCAN. Feb. I.—Tho first'
annual meeting of tlie shareholders of
tho Slocan-Rootenay Farmers' ex-.
change will he held on Friday evening
al S o'clock anil the Kootenay River
Fanners' institute will meet on Saturday aj 7.30 ip.'m.
Miss Muriel Roberts of Willow Point
is the guest of .Airs. Noel Brown.
Miss Laura. Willey .who ptas been
spending a few days at the home of
her parents Bonnington Falls, returned
to St. Joseph's school. Nelson yesterday.
Mrs. Lee, .Terry Lee. Miss Bennott
and Mrs. (Ilumqhry were visitors to
Nelson yesterday.
W.' W. Renneti of Trail spent tbo
Week-end at. his home, Bonnington
The social evening arranged by Mesdames Willey and Bennett and held
at .the residence of Mrs. Willey on
Friday evening Inst, was a. most enjoyable and successful affair, some 10
people attending, As a result $17.80
has been forwarded to i|he Belgian
consul at Ottawa for the Belgian fund.
(By Dally News Leased Wire.) -
VANCOUVER, B. C, Feb. I.—A man
who registered as J. LeMay was found
this afternoon hanging in a elothos
closet of his room in the Howard hotel.
Ho had tied th»| bed cover around his
heck and fastened tlie other ond to a,
hook in the closet. Empty whisky bottles wore found in his room and suicide
Is believed to have been due to a fit
of despondency following a debauch.
The dead man's identity is unknown
but he is believed to be a logger.
FARIS.—Goneral Gallleni, tlie minister of war, in pursuance of his policy' of decentralizing and modernizing
the methods of administration of Ihe
war office has issued a series of instructions, which are regarded by the
government as almost revolutionary.
Tho general points out that the war
department receives daily an average
ot 1000 documents which have to he
passed' upon.   The result has- been a
How You May Throw■■ *
Away Your Glasses
The statement Is made that thousands wear eyeglasses who .do,'.not;
really need them. If you are one of
these unfortunates, thou these 'glasses-
may lie ruining your eyes; (instead of
helping them. Thousands .jiho" wear
these "windows" may prove-for ;them*
selves that thoy can dispense .,W|(J;
glasses If they will get tlie following"
prescription filled at once: Go.to-'iiny
active drug store and get a. bottle of
Bon Opto Tablets; fill a t^yo-Humee
bottle with warm water and drop! in'
ono Bon Opto tablet. With this hapn-
less liquid solution bathe the eyes two
or four times daily, and you are likely to he astonished at the results right
from the start. Many who have been
told that tliey have astigmatism, eyestrain, cataract, sore eyelids, weak
ej'es, conjunctivitis and other eye disorders, report wonderful benefits from
tlie use of this prescription..-: Oct Ihln
prescription filled and use it; you may
so strengthen your eyes that glasses
will not be. necessary Thousands-who
are blind or nearly so, or ,who w.ear
glasses might never have required
them if they had cared for their eyes
fu time. Save your eyes before !t In
too late: Do not become one of these
victims of neglect. Eyeglasses are
only like crutches and every few yeare
they must bo changed to fit the evef-,
increasing weakened condition, so.bet-,
ter see If you can, like many other? .
got clear, healthy, strong magnetic.
eyes through the prescription hens
given. The Valmas Drug Co., of'Tor-'
onto, will fill the above prescription h'M
mail, if your druggist cannot.
For Sprains,
Lame Muscles
Absorbing Jr., brings quick relief;
Keep it always at hand for instant'
use. Athletes uso Absorbine. .In,* fqr*
the muscle that has been strained, fd^
the cut or laceration that runs' St
chunco of infection; for the abrauloV
ttfat pains and the limbs that are sttft'
and lame from over-exertion.   - .-;;
Waiter Johnson, tho famous pitcher,
of the Washington Americans, s.aysli.
"Absorbine, Jr., is a first class lindp'
ment and rub-down for tired muscles^
i have used It myself to advantage* alio
can heartily recommend it to-fefeiVnlayf
ers everywhere." Absorbine, ' J;.*., iS
a concentrated antiseptic.. lintr
ment—only a few drops required a*
an application. It is sale ahttiltftia^V
ant to use—leaves :no greasy rosiduts':
Sold by most drugfflsts,4I.0fr:and *2.0i»
a bottlo or postpaid. Liberal trtaVho^'
tie for iOc in stamps.-w^F.*. Young,
P. D.F., 455 Lyman's Bid*., Montr«*l,
Canada. /   ir"
*■'''. ■
Markets - Mining - Finance
tniaiMu.aaiaaa.a i'.,,»,ai,iaaa« •
Quoted at 56%—Lead Average During
January at Montreal Was 7.29,
At New York, 6.10.
. (By Daily News Leased Wire.)
NEW YOBK, Feb. 1.—Silver was
quoted at t,6% here today ami at 27
nt London.
LeeH average for January wes 7.2!) at
Montreal and 5.01 at New York. Today's prices: At St. Louis, 6.214 at
■Now York, 6.10; at Montreal, 7.i".7; at
London, £ 31 15s.
Spelter, not quoted; copper, firm,
electrolytic,: 25)50 at 26 for 2nd i|trar-
-ter delivery.
■ At London; Spelter £00; spot copper *9410sr futures £01: electrolytic,
not quoted.
(By Daily News Leased Wire,)
|| NEW YOBK, Feb 1.—Mercantile
paper, 8 at 314. Sterling, 60-day hills,
4.71J; demand, 1.76; cables, 4.76 11-16.
Frates: Demand. 5.SS; cable's, r,.S7y,.'
Marks; Demand, 73 15-16; cajoles, 74J
Kronen: Demand, 1.2%; cables, 12%;
QulldcrS: Demand 42IA; cables. 42%.
Lires: Demand, 6.73; cables, 6.72.
Rubles; Demand, 30%; cables, 30:Kt.
Mining Stocks
At present prices many of tho
mining .shares offer exceptional
opportunities for investment or
Standard, Succets and Caledonia
Pay.^gooa   dividends  on   the  pur-
.choao price.
Slocan Star. Rambler
and many other cheap Issues should
/Udvonce iri price.
W« should be pleased to handle
your orders.
StDenis & Lawrence
Phone 39 Box 1102
Prices Close Strong 3 Centt Up after
Weak Opening—Two Million
/ Bushels Sold.
(By Daily News Leased Wire.)
CHICAGO, Peh. 1.—Huge export
sales, said to aggregate 2,000,000 bushels, flu-aught ahout a decided upturn
today in the vnlue of wheat ulthouRh
at first the market was weak. Prices
closed strong, II at 3% net higher, with
May nt 1.34% "nd July at 1.20. Oats
gained 1%. Jn provisions the outcome
waR a decline of 2 V, to 10c. Wneat
prices more than recovered today all
of the ground lost in .yesterday's
liquidation and the fresh weakness
which developed this morning. Lower
quotations from Liverpool and estimates that the world's available suippjy
exceeded by 45,000,000 bushels all previous reeonls were influential in giving control today to the hoars.
The accompanying decline resulted
In such un enlargement of European
demand, however, that prices advanced
nearly 5 cents a bushel! ubo\;e the low
points of the session, Word or probable crop damage in Illinois nnd Missouri tended to help the advance.
Oats, like wheat, responded to ah
Improved demand from the senhoanl.
Shlptf'inK sates here nmpunted Hi 020,-
000 bushels.
Weakness in the hog m.'irket dragged
provisions downgrade.
The ■bulge In grain wits something' of
an offset for a lime, hut tlie effect
failed to last . >• *
(By Daily News Leased Wire.)
TORONTO, yen L—Business on the
local stock exchange was quiet today,
with few special features. As a rule
prices were firm. Money is quoted nt
6 to fi % per cent, on call,
Cement, which closed at 43 on Monday, opened at 43V'i and roue,to 44'/i-
Dominion Steel sold at 45 to -itffc.
Scotia Steel was 1% higher at flti.
Smelters was tin fair demnnd and higher, closing at 111. Canadian Pacific
railway was higher at 100'^, as compared with 1SG% ibid yesterday.
Total business, exclusive nf mining
issues, wa.s 14,QUO shares.      	
The Consolidated Mining & Smelting Co.
of Canada, Limited
■: , ... Offices, Smelting and Refining Department
**»* »
Purchasers of Gold, Silver, Copper end Lead Ores
Kusa Spelter Company
Purchasers of All Classes of Zinc Ore* and Concentrates
-Newton  W.  Emmens,  Representative
H. V. KHEDITH. Eh.. Pro*.).
*.(.**..£«. tlOMaAW-.il,.
afelHkaMaetaaM. Ha.. iM. Madia.,
ilrllaa. IWMa.r.LC.V.0. C. I. Hoar. t...
XMmrha.Iea. C. B. Cetaea, Eh.
ML DiuaaaeaJ. En. ». Fatk. Am", Eh.
afcFl»aWlakWiaaa»a.TatUf, U-D.,Caarallla»alar.
Capital Paid up . $16,000,000.
Rest • . . 16,000,000.
Undivided ProfiU   . 1,293,952.
Total Aaeeta (Oct. 1915)302,980,554.
may be opened at any branch of the Bank
of Montreal. Deposits of $1.00 and upwards
received, on which interest is allowed.
icao ofrice.MQ'oms*'..
LeB. B. DeVeber, Manager, Nelson Branch.
Winter Carnival
Rossland, B. C.
Single Fare   Round  Trip
On Sale Feb. 5 to 11
Return February 15
J. 13. CARTER, District Passenger Agent, Nelson, B.C.
•flaily Hews Display Ads
Assert Also That   Wilton's   Speeches
Have Been Misinterpreted—Prices
Rally SteacTly.
(By Dally Newa Leased Wire.)
NEW YORK, Feb. 1.—In explanation of today's sudden and general recovery of the stock market from Its
protracted pessimism various reasons*
and theories wefro' offered. Primarily.
it was declared that the purport .of
President Wilson's recent speeches. *hjid
been misinterpreted, that they \tiad
not been Intended to convey u sense
of immediate danger, <l>itt rather to'
awaken a feeling- of patriotism In la
tent /quarters.
Morevor, and this was tho reasoning:
of the hulls* for lon# account, It was
evident that standard stocks had heen
oversold tb levels*where technical con'
ditions on tho bear sido were no less
vulnerable than they had previously'
been for the constructive account.* In
any event, prices rallied easily from
the low levels of Monday, which mark
ed the minimum of recent weeks.
, It Is not improbable, that a partial
eessatIon\ of foreign liquidation arid
some moro remarkable, statements of
railroad earnings, notably those of the
Pennsylvania system, wore marked'
factors too strong tb bo ignored.
Weekly reviews dealing with Industrial conditions also were, taken Into
Rails and other investment" issues
participated more extensively ln the
rise, than did certain of the special tics,
hut tho breadth of tho movement loft*
little doubt that its impulse, in part-
at least, was derived from substantial
United States. Steol, which on ■ the
previous day* foil to 79%, Its lowest
quotation in three months, was easily
tho leader, transactions In that stock
aggregating 'a. large .percentage of the
whole, jpttiol. rose lq' 821£, an extrepie
gain"of 2Vj.' Orttelbie •{jteel was next
Iri activity atid fthe^ddf "United States
Steel in the'extent of its advance, rising . 4 to 7$, while., other war shares
reflected moro-confident buying.
Bethlehem fHfeei' on' few sales rose
If* to 545. Altogether it was-'a disastrous session for the short interest,
whoso , urgent covering of contracts
added to the day's business.
; Total' sales of stocks were. 785,000
Bonds were steady with further
heavy trading in Anglo-French lis at
!M>W. to 94%. Total, sales, par value,
Were 'HSOO.ffOO. , United States bonds
were unchanged on call.
MONTREAL, #'&». t.—New. Yottk'f
rally brought-! some buying, into the
local market Itbday and while It, was,
not eager or aggro'sslv* the dftndiid
demonstrated^ a "notableX scarcity 'ot
stock. Bridge, which had :opened' at
% off at 21!), rose'to 220 and closed at
220% ibid. -      ' .'■ ,.   '•
In all the trading Scotia amounted
■to.)only about liJO'slwires, closing, how*
vei at 100'/.. Uron ra]Jied'.% to. 4ft<
on buying of C^shttres."Steel of CatfV
adajiekl firm at 3i)%, or Vi »P 'fl*
tho day. Car finished With A net galjl
of y2 at «6%, and Cement under a llgtjt
emand rallied 1 to 4V/_. These worfe
tho principal feature%s of tho munition group1.
Scrmo further selling of Khawnignn
for 'London ~wns in evidence but this
was absorbed and closing pvlee df 132
show.ed a net gain of 1%, Potver' wftfc
quoted at 2241W*I-against 223>4 yesterday. ;
Detroit was the most active stbek-pf
tho, list and moved somewhat erratically on dealings In 700 shares. ; It
closed with a 2 point gain at 79'A.
Heavy trading in tho Canadian war
loan bonds, transactions aggregating
$76,000,- was tho ono feature lh the
bond department.   The price held firm
t 91%, or fl7 with accrued'Interest.
MONTREAL, Fab. 1.—The trade Iri
butter and cheese is.qutet but the market ls firm.   Eggs weak.
Cheese—Finest westerns, 1'8>4 at '/j;
easterns 18 at \'t,
iButter—Cliotcost creamery 31 at 35;
seconds 32% at 33.
Eggs—Fresh 35; selected 23 at 30.
Pork—Heavy Canada short' moss
30it; Mnort cll( back< 2ii%.
WINNIPEG, Feb. l.-^-Close:    Wheat
—May,  1.300h ;  .Inly,  1.30.
Oats—May, 41,*%; July, 3$
J'lhx—May, 2.11«4.
Beet,   Retail,   and   Perk,   Wholesale,
Quoted at On* Cent Advance
in  Nelaon,
Fresh killed .beef,- retail, and • pork
wholesale, have risen 1 cent.per pound
In price in Nelson, Beef ia now quoted at from 13^ to 28 cents per pound,
and pork al 15 cents. Thero is no
change in the retail price, of pork.c
Cranberries are off the market.
Flour, 98.11). sack  88.1018)4,20
Flour, 49tlbv sack   1.05#2.03
Parsley, bunch
Potatoes, 100 lbs. .
Onions, per lb. ...
CaUTaage, pet* lb. .
SquaBh, per lo.   ..
Pumpkin, lb.	
Beets, 100 lbs	
Carrots, 100 lbs, ..
Celery, per bunch
Sweet potatoes, lb.
turnips, 100 IBs.-..
Hothouse cucumbers, each
Fresh killed  beef,  retail',
Beefc wholes*!* „ .._,....
Pork, wholesale  > ..
Pork, reta.ll	
Mutton, wholesale	
Mutton, retail 	
Veal, wholesale	
Vesl, retail .................
Han*, .retail _;.„,......
Bacon, retail	
I*rd, retail 	
Chickens, retail  	
Sausage*, retail  ..,...»..
Turkey, per «*.,.../.'....".'.
. i.oo@i.io
.     02® .03
..01'/j«? .02
.20® .35'
13!i® .28
' .150 M
.109 JO
.110 M
W'-DAfcY   NEW&
(By Gabrlelo D'Annunaio in the London
■-■■■:-   Daily Teh.graph).
When, at the end of our yreek pf
passion, we won the bitter battle
against the dealers and the traders, I
was notified ihat the king would do
me tHe honor of receiving me. I
started towards Villa Ada with the
'buoyancy of youtli. There flashed
back io niy memory tlie very distant
day when i saw him, tlien only crown
prince, for the first time. It was on
the field of manoeuvres nearSracelono
which, in the noon hour, under the dog
day sun,' appeared almost to have reverted to'its" pristine volcanic, state of
burning■ tufa, incandescent 'lava; as ln
the' time when tiie lake was a ynwri-
Ing- crater.'
Before my eyes discovered him In
the shady avenue, where'ho awalte'fl
me, I had" again in my memory tho
shary glance of his hlii'd HOldier eyes,
which,' ori' seeing me for the first
time, had "examined me from head to"
foot iri'niy uniform of the Alcixandrla
light cavalry'. He was on horselmek
with Ws officers, towards dusk, on a*
road bordering the lake. I, with a
fellow officer, appeared to the returning frorii IA1 reconnaissance of the forces and the enemy's position, but in
reality from having discovered In
'TrevlghttnO'K old church two canvases
of the -Urhian school, two pictures
after Peruglno, after having sought
among th© castle ruins for Cnesar Bor-
gia't shadow.
Tho crown prince stoppfTfi his horse
and, while wo stood at attention, before
him, scrutinized us with his searching severe'eye from cap to. leggings.
We were in perfect regulation uniform.
Only then he recognised lh me the
young poet of the Unman Elegies, lie
smiled at me, nodding slightly; with
such a .frank' itnlian gentleness as to
cause a great hope to ibloom In my
heart for his destiny. I saw him disappear in (he distance in tho luminous
evening, amidst chirping swallows, i
delghted to follow him with hnart'felt
wishes, this youth destined to he the
future Latin king of greater ;tta#f;
took, delight In, following him with ifiiy
eyes toward tho classic Horizon of
sacred I*atoum,. there whero the Sot-
atte, the Sabine mountains, the peaks
of the Clmlno stood tinged witli purple, while Anguillrtra and Trovlgnano
grew darker on their basaltic lava
promontories. • •
In tho following days T had''the good
fortune of- acting an guide to his regiment during the manoeuvres, and oi"
rldlrtg-for some hours at his side. Two.
things. Impressed me above all else
while ne deigiiFd to converse With mo
in' the course of'tho Weary march—
the.precision of his culture, and his lo'ye
for''the beauties of the landscape; the
faoulty of action and that bf contem-
Italian Courtesy
Both these faculties, but graver and
deeper,, i again found iii him during
m>-recent .visit. -I al.<fo found, that
courtesy of., pure itrtlian quality; . th
tlio sense which nttr fathers of tho 18th
ceritiiry. gave to 'the wdhl{"tbat simple
ytelle 6ourtp.sy.. which .'puomptcd: hhrt
to^come and' meet mo'-'aimost'dft'thd
threshold of ihe gateway, not to honor
me, ibut to honor iu me" the spirit Hint
brought mo, .the love which holds me,
the,Idea f serve."
On arriving at Home Had thrown
myselfs Into the fight without heeding
the trusts. ..Therij was a* nionieuL wlien
we believel ovei-ything Wat? lost—that
moment when the government handed'
the king its resignation. There Was* a
moment when we truly, believed the
ffttherland would he. lidrrifily assassinated, from that moment we fought
With a kind of desperate fury, with;
O.U- minding the hostile thrusts. "With
my words, my acts, i represented the
crudest kind of ."."noslMbn against a
most dangerous j,u,itieian, one who
had been prime minister, decorated
with tho highest regal order.
On May If, at a meeting of the people
I accused him of high treason with
implacable earnestness, with premeditated, precise.coldness} producing proof
of the facts. The whole people responded with the cry of'"I>eath!." The
king, who came toward me along the
shady lane, knew this in. extending me
his hand. He was giving: his hand to
a good fighter. He was receiving the
message of the people. With & gesture
of noblo frankness ho declared on
which sido lay right and-reason; disdained nnd repulsed the defrauders and
traders. No longer fear! That hand
extended to a poet.still warm from the
battle fought,-.Was ready to ttnsheath
the dagger.
I was profoundly moved. Never shall
I forget thnt .wonderful hour, with its
tjtfpbhlng accompaniment of Iron dns*
tiny.' He was, as ever, calm; his voice
tranquil ond steady. His conversation
was measured, clear, but he wa^ already,; wcttring'.tho grey field uniform
of a general, rendy to mount his horse
The whole.army of Italy was deployed
behind him; In the pauses I could heat
the rhythm of innumerable feet.
It waa said the kinrf has hesitated
lortg before taking the supreme step
but truly thero was.no sign on him of
such hesitation, He wofre his lisud:
aspect, tho aspect of'one who prqposcs
to-dischargo his duty to the last wit!
all his;, c'p'nscfencc, faltilli shrniuk.shi
all his conscience, with nil his strength.
Religion of Duty
This is.hlfl'^won'tod aspect, I dorhot
believe .there ever 'ruled on:~earth k
king..more persevering, more sincere
in the religion of duty, a kirtgrwho
discharged with; more stubbornness hit*
duty toward his people, toward.himself,
toward Ills-forefathers,. .To hiny nppllet,
the phrase nt one o£, our'   ptrtfrfe   of
Dante's time, who said, "He has great
powers who only aims'at duty." By the
rigid thorough exercise of his duty,
thla king has succeeded in dominating
hUi fete. Now, after so many years of
religious fulfilment of his mission,
fate obeys Him. After so many yean
of silent abnegation he meets with, a
most glorious destiny and of this destiny he proves himself worthy.
! His ascent to the throne was accompanied toy extraordinary auguries.
Wlien, on the night of July 29, W00,
his august father, who had never
harmed, a sou), fell by a murderer's
hand, he was on the high seas, navigating in the Mediteeranean. On shipboard he received the 'sorrowful news.
On shipboard he became the king of
Italy. The nation, which was dragging
out* its life In a sort of' servitude,
chained to Its odious allies, received.
at the sight of the royal blood, a severe"
shock. Tho; dormant consciences
rtWoke. The youthful energies wearied
by snamo too long endured, had an
Impulse* toward Insurrection.
When the funeral train traversed
Italy from Mourn to Rome the mumur
of mighty crowds accompanied it to
tho Pantheon. Clean;!, mother of ships,
sent to It an heroic greeting, Spetla
sainted It from her forts, her armed
towers. All Rome followed in prescient
silence the royal body, borne on a gun
' carriage. Tr"i)Iy Italy looked transfigured, us If new risen, armed With
new will. Then to the king, enthroned-
by fate on the sea ] said In a poem,
Which today lives again In the spirit
Of the Italians, "Fate chose thee! Woe
to three If thou fall her!" An heroic
necessity appeared to envelop the
young king like art aureole. The poem,
blazing with hope and prophecy; demanded of him. "What will you want
pn the throne? What height Is your
mark? ' Are you looking far ahead?
Anxiously  the poem asked, "Do you
Geese, poV lh,*.. ,J.,;;.,':;.,
Ducks, per. lb. ..„„:.....
New navel oranges .......
Florida grape fruit, 2; for .
Emperor 'grapes	
Apples, por-bosf ...;.......
Bananas, par dozen .....';.
Lemons,  [ier dozen ......
Filberts, per lb. ^.......,
Almonds,  per^ Jl?,  	
gwusha per lb. *.....»...,.
walnuts, per lb	
Qbcoamits,;, each-	
pe.canaj pei?.Jb.\,.,,-......
Figs, cooking. 2 lbs,	
; ■..'-.. Honey --;..'
Syrup, maple, Wrttle .....
Syrup, gallon ...,..,,;:..
Homty. comb, pounfl .....
Honey, locat olover, jari,.
atonv. i-ib. j«rt ;.;>;;.;
V-scfi? .as
• lO-JP
. .^ '■
know how beautiful Is your, kingdom?
Da you know its lnnumertole,*prln»a?
Bo you love Us divine «ea?" Tlje iver-
Se'AHng poem cried to" HIrn, "Opkh to
duf Virtue file doors' of llittirs' domlh-
KjifB." '_     ,
Lift *f Ih* Nation
Bijt the owakenlng of the national
soul was short-lived. We again ferl
into the hands of the aged corrupters.
The man whom I accused and proved
KUilty of treaion b'«ore the people.
Giovanni OloUtttl, a name today execrated by every Italian; corrupted
everything, desecrated Everything, reduced the national life te it-vulgar
comtietitlon of small, equivocal interests, to a 'base mart. Years and.years
Of miry obskurlty passed. But the genius of the race was not. destroyed, tho
deep springs were not dried, up..; An
occult life anlmrucd tlie nation, even
"under daily opprobrium. An inexhaustible spring of creative force, ..a nucleus of latent energies,.subsisted in our
land, for it still possessed such wealth
as to nourish the gernTof the highest
hope, *
Mysterious and infallible, rhythm of
destiny! So mucli misery, so great a
shame, so deep an anguish, so cruel a
travail, were crowned toy the spichdbrs
of triumph!
Suddenly ori a radiant spring morning a voice cries out as in the poem
of liberty, "My brothern, we are free!"
We are free, wo are .ready, wo are
armed, we aro worthy of our destinies!
The king, chosen by fate on a' day of
mourning, is exaitf^* by Fate on a day
of victory! Tho forecast had not
erred the invocation had proved true.
"From our red blood shall a. purplo
dawn arise, for our soul, the soul within, each .individual breast, the soul of
our race.   Thereof we may be certain.
And this king shows himself' worthy
of his fortune. Oil tho battlefield 1>°
discharges his duty as tfou|d he ex-
l»cted of tt descendant of.-
Hubert and of that indomitable Ch
lea Emanuel I., jvho returned to th]
king of Spain the Insignia of tha OK"
of the aplden Fleece with these proud
word*: "'i wish fo'>ip,bonds of honoj
from olie who threaten* hie. .wftrj
■   8im*l., Siren., Intrepid
Tho king of Italy is with ilia soldiers!
Re Is continually at tbe front, whera
tho ebb and flow of our purest blood]
beats fastest
It is to him an untold joy. to feel
every day the force, courage Bnd 'vlrl
tus of hi* whole people flowing eager!
ly toward the spot whore danger is]
greatest and hardship* most trying, Ha
is not a theatrical empCror of bar A
barians, not the leader .of fierce "Land J
knechte." but a latin king—slmpiol
serene, full of intrepidity, one soul
with the soul of his soldiers. Tha
other day, on the line of fire, a shell
burst at the distance of a few yards]
from, the king. He throw tamSelf *
tho ground, like any otitis aoldlen
Remaining unscathed, he. jumped
smiling, all covered with that soil]
which Is already free, and which wliH
remain ours, for all time. 3
[ Amidst tin delirious cheers of thai
soldiery he cried, "Viva. !!ftalia!" Thirl
cry Will sbon bo repeated around the]
streets of Trieste, 'rcyery One of usT
every ono of our soldiers, firmly he4
lieves that he will rejieat it in tile]
streets of Vlenoa, marching past tha
battered ruins of the monument to]
Tegethoff.   "Viva l'lfailoj!"    i
For these reasons, on that May]
morning,' walking along* the aileys ofl
the silent park, the king and the poet|
conversed in subdued tones,, Theyi
both heard, from tho mysterious, un-l
known depths, the approach of' tfilT
riiytiim of destiny, surpassing*, thll
dream of their youth and tlte' e»pccta«f
tion of their faith. V
Daily News Wajit:§M
j t* ■ ."thijse coliihiijs are devoted exclusively to classified fct-iidensed Wanf«dVertiSemeht»,:;
lyhtcfii agpe-al direcUy^to all classes of peoplei in the home, the office, the tradesman, tl\ei
rancher arid all professions.   • '
To get immediate results at a minimum cost, the News Want Ad. will find* a way.
Ratea for
Clasrified_Want Ads
Advartliemanta Undar Any  Heading!
Minimum  charge   ..........
One lnaertion, per word 	
Six   consecutive    Insertion*.
, word  4o
20 ■ consecutive,  insertiona    (on*
month) per wora «.« lie
Birth, one insertion *<?. 60c
Marriages, one lnaertion 60c
Deaths, one lnsertloa .....60c
Card of ThanKs .....J.. 60c
Each aubsequent lnaertion .......2Bc
Death and funeral notice .......11.00
| 'Ala. Condense* MvertHemerita »re
cash in advance.  •
In computing the number of word*
in a classified, advertisement count
each word, dollar mark, abbreviation,
initial letter aid figure a* on* word.
Advertisers are reminded that it la
contrary to the provisions of the postal
iawa to have letter* addressed to Inl-
iala only, therefor* any advertiser de-
airoua of concealing bia or her Inden-
rlty may use a box at thi* office without any extra charge If i piles, are
called for; If replies are to be mailed
to advertiser allow id cents extra, in
addition to price of advertisement to
pay postage..
The News reserve* the right to pan
in any copy submitted for publication
,W, Parker, 309 Baker St., Phono 2S8.
\ViilJTEU, — Postmakors; pOlehialiors,
■ ygooA limber; waitresses and women
Cooks' to roister chambermaid, Waitress general sen'ant English, good
pfain rook, lohd'of children, good home.
Cooks.'.. In   rcf,'Istcr;g'enernT. servants.
5V.iN.TEi}_jtimvrights for r«bulidlrt'g
ySawrhlll at SttcOllIivray n c Ap»
ply.In first instance fiy letter only
stating experience, apd where previously employed, to Riverside Lumber
Co Ltd. .White Sulphur, near Mac-
GllllVray, B. O. (230»>
ments In Condensed Columns, klndlj
■ncntion you saw it in The Nawe—H
vm help von ,  ,,,
__*__-___—_—___' ■
WASrBD^wTxpefienced cook, po"
sitlon in mining or logging camp.
Box 2264, Daily Nows. (2254)
WANTED -— OhanVbermaid,    Queen's
Ijottit'  ; " (2289)
Phoenix. B.C.   For Information,-ad-
dress box 231, Phoenix. B.C.  | (ll?.H.I
ment* la Condensed Columns, kindly I
mention you saw it in Th* New*—lt]
•rill h*ln Ton
WANTED-i-Girl to help with hduso-
wp«d arid chlldrtn.   Mrs. C. Llildow,
nio,      '  .
WANTED—Girl to assist with housework.   Mrs.- McHardy, Falls street.
FOR  RENT —  suites  Of fdrnlShcd
housekeeping    robins    111    Annable
block.   Enquire room 32.
Kr*;#.*i-4*: BLpCK ^  Housekeeping
suites and rooms for rent.   Termp
moderate. A. Macdonald & Co. (2108)
FURNISHED SUITES for rent.   Apply Kerr Apartmohts. (2184)
FOR  RlSNTr—Nicely  furnished. Suite,
all modern,   Apply   Campbell   Art
Gallerjv 716 Bilker.      ■/ (22113)
heifer' calf,  about  10  months  old.
Box 2, Renatd, B.C. (2270)
FOR* SAi^SlIEAP--iTino nearly new
English-billiard table; one registering
clock for billiard' hall, one dozen pool
room chairs, ond set, of Ivory billiard
balls.   Wm. Mack, Nelson,       (2140)
f6R SALE—Mentges newspaper folder; folds 4, 6, 8, 10 or 12 pages.. In
fjrst class condition.   Snap for cash.
The Daily Nowst Nolson. (678)
FOR SaTCe—Twenty acre farmPnear
> Fruitvale. Best land In Beaver valley. Adjacont to governmoiii highway;
Great Northern railway and telephone
lines.- Beaver creek runs through each
farm. , Thickly settled community.
ideal climate. Good home market for
dairy product*, frUtt, grain, hay, vegetables; Soventy.fIve to one hundred
dollars per acre. Five per cent cash,
balance in fifteen years. Five per cent
interest. Wflto owner for map and
description. Save agent's commission.
Send this advertisement to your
friends. GOorge Reith, Fruitvale, B.C.
        , (2202)
PlftCE     BROf£    TA3ira^MlS5S5Jl
Taxidermy work andt'rug and robot
making a specialty.   Price Bros., Tax^l- |
dehnists, Rossland, B.C.   ' (SiWI
and expreas.  Prompt aind  reltabl*. |
. Pay and night.  Phone Mi.
m..K. STRACHAN, 120 Baker street, 1
piumbera* supples," estlmatea ar**.'
'amrk'giiaranteed'y ^hohe'lis."
PO&ITION open for eapcible accouhtii
ant .with well established profitable.'!
huiunesB.  Must iiavc due' thousand dollars  for    Investment.      Apply P. O.
Droiwer 104'i. NelBOll, Ti, C,    , .' (2298JJ j
W;tNTED—To, contract*.our    lumbotf I
hauling,  twenty-flvo-jhbusahd foet |
pel* day pn &\ four, mile' sropa. ■ A', dt
Lambert Company, Ltd., Nelson, B. p. I
.    . (2801); I
FOR SALE-^Tho Frahk Hotel -bunding
and contents,   including  first bias*
bar fixtures adaptable for ice cream']
parlor, or quick lunch counter; barber |
shop outfit, 2 chairs and pool fable*; j
Apply A. Manuel, Frank, Alta,. iiuni 1
WANTED—Cheap rowboat,  complete |
with oars.   Must bo in good condl- |
tion.. Box 2285, pally New^y   (2286)'
FOR SALE—30 acres, 4 in cultivation,
26 fenced,' barn, root house, dwelling, -
4 good coWs, 2 calves, 30 chickens, etc.
otc, Snap If sold inthoti but will sell
separately. Box 124,'Greenwood, B.C.
-.;       ■■   .'...-' .,"-'    '■ ' y(2i82>y
destroyed at the cost of a fow cent*
each by our process; no hard labor
necessary and no explosives uaad.
Write tor particulars. Ideal Stump'
Destroyer / CO., 160 .Broadway Eatt,
Vancouver, B.C,.;) (81tfj)
ed to buy all kind* of   raw. furo,
good price given.   G. Glaser, Furrier,
•c»i«m   R   f ./-- tt}iit
Turn what you have" no use for into money, to buy that which y6ii really rieed.
A *" '   ":"
Wjll do this chfe^ply, quickly and more Satit.factorily than any other method.
It is the "clearing house" for buyer and seller.
Use the Blanl as IMter
'    -    .-■
'.'•'    ■     •'     ■   '.       ,-
*' ' -■:*'■ ':■'
t  '
'       '*.':
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''    V y    -'
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{ijf,                                    '-;  .-
- - :   L'~-   ■      ..
. Store closed from 1:45 p. m. to I
3 p. m. for Rev. Van Munster'* I
funeral. |
•       - ^ ! »
Red Star
8-pound sack
20-pound sack
80-pound sack
Star Grocery
* 'To bave your.dough too cold and
spoil a batch of bread, while you
are sure to have good and wholesome bread If you get It from
us. We deliver all over the city,
and ship to any part of Kootenays. '
Choquette Brcs.
• Sole Manufacturers of
Phone 268 .    516 Baker St.
(By Dally News Leaned Wire.)
OTTAWA, Feb. 1.—In the supreme
■court today the appear In the South
■Alberta Band .company va. the rural
■municipality of. MOLean was taken up.
■ The municipality claimed taxes on a
I large area' of desert land allotted to the
I company by the 'federal 'government on
Icondltion that .It should'be improved
I bv irrigation and sold to settlers wi hin
la fixed number of years. The com-
IpnTjy has expended $5,000,000 ■ on irri-
I go tionwork but will require to expend
I $2,000,000 more before the works can
[be utilized In irrigating the land. In
Ithe circumstances the company con-
I tends that it has no interest in the land
■nor occupation thereof which' renders
lit liable for taxes-under the'Alberta
■statutes.' Chief Justice Harvey de-
I'clded in favor of the municipality and
this judgment at the. trial was affirm-
led   by  the appellate  division  of  the
■ supreme court of'Alberta by the judg-
Iment now applied from,
(Rv Tin II v News Uetj»fd \V\rn.>
WINCHESTER, England, fob. 1.—
{Justice Darling, charging the grand
[.jury at the Hampshire assizes today,
f referred to two charges of murder on
the calendar In which the accused bo-
f. longed to tho forces of the crown from
J his majesty's overseas dominions and
I he deeply, regretted to say that in both
I' eases the man who had come to his
f. death belonged to these- Canadians who
Jihad so. nobly responded.to the call of
Iduty and'the Empire in danger, not
T waiting to be forced to come, as. in-
f deed, tliey coithl not be, but of their
I own free will. ■ Two of these men
| perished and whatever might be the
I guilt of anyone one could not but re-
| gret that the men lbBt their lives bo-
[" fore going to the front, ho said.'
A trim  bill was   returned   by   the
I grand jury in the cases of Coderre aria*
1 Schlovitch.   Coderre's trial was fixed
. tot' Feb. 3.
{ Prized equally in
hospital and home,
» because no other
Coffee is at once
so rich, so strong,
■ so delicate, and so
'"'unfailingly good*
In %, I  and 2 pound can*.
i  alto Fine Ground for Percolator*.
era for fish nets for catching salmon.
Some were club heads or hammer
stones. A sharp stick was used for
On the sites of old villages Mr. Smith
found saucer-shaped depressions whleh
were the foundation of lodges, in the
centre of which was the fireplace.
Similar depressions are found on the
banks of Grohman creek.
In some cases the)* lived in dugouts
under ground. Celts or stone hatchets, chisels or adzes, like those in Europe, were found. These were commonly of volcanic greenstone ranging
from serpentine to a hard semi-translucent rock called nephrite, not unlike
some kinds of jade, Some of these
nephrite chisels wero sharp enough to
cut wood. Scrapers, knives and drills
were made from glassy basalt, jasper,
opal, chalcedony and schist. Some long.
Ish tapering chipped points were used
as drills for boring.holes In making
soapBtone pipes and iu some harder
stones used as hammers or club. Thin
sandstone slabs were used for smoothing arrow shafts, as we use sandpaper. Whetstones were made of mica
schist. Tools used by women were
scrapers and round, smooth pebbles
for preparing skins, and awls of bono
or horn for piercing them and bone
needles used in making clothing.
How the Stone Implements Were Made
Some were chipped from agate, jasper, chalcedony, glassy ba-alt and
obsidian. Hard pebbles of quartzlte
and other hard rocks were used as
mauls and were roughly chipped on
one end to make a cutting edge. Pieces
of antler or bone were used for pressing off the fine flakes ln making
points. Notches were made or drilled
perhaps by a string and sand to help
faston the points in the split end of a
shaft or handle. The Thompson river
Indians, according to H. I. Smith, still
possess the art of miking small chipped arrow points. They break glasay
or vitreous basalt fresh from the
quarry, which is more workable than
when weathered. ■       '
In making a pestle or muller a volcanic boulder maj be pecked with a
hard atone until the ends have been
flattened and the part around tho
middle hollowed out in the process of
reducing It to proper form. Natural
bojijdera and fragments of greenstone,
some of which is a semi translucent
volcanic rock resembling jade, .almost
as hard as steel, called • nephrite, not
uncommon along the banks of some
strfams, are used, especially for broad
chisels. To cut and separate these
hard rocks from the mass to sharpen
tj.nd groove, them for thongs was effected'by small sandstone slabs worn
sharp at the edge and used as sand
saws; '. Specimens of green nephrite
show where grooves were made on
either side of the block to split it from
the main pebble. TheHe nephrite broad
chisels are beautifully. polished and
sharpened to a fine-straight edge.'- A
string may also have been used with
sand and water. A man who had seen
some modern Indians making arrow
heads said that the Indian heated tho
pebble or stone till It flaked off and
then for finer flaking or chipping used
a sharp'stick dipped In water, each
touch of which on,, the stone caused a
small flake to fly off. This appears
to be the most reasonable solution of
the way the fino chips or flakes were
made in the case of. the finely wrought
arrow heads which were far too delicate to have been done by any rude
chipping tool.
Woodchuck or beaver, teeth ornamented by lines or pits were used as
dice In gambling. Large perforated
pecten or comb shells ,from the sea
coast were .used as rattles when dancing. Pipes are usually tubular, bored
out of soapstone and often ornamented
by galena or other metals. Animal
forms aro carved on them. They
smoked a native wild tobacco.
Mode of Burial
In the graves are sometimes found
rolls of birch bark with which the
grave * was lined. With the corpse
were buried some of his belongings,
pipes and hunting weapons. If a woman, awls and needles. Red ochre
paint is often found with .which the
body may have been painted for
burial. Skeletons of dogs are somo-
tlmes found with tiie man's bones.
CJraves were made in the sandy tops of
the foothills, river'terraces and banks
of streams. Another mode of burial
was by "rock slide." The corpse was
placed at the foot of a slide and then
rocks were rolled down on it till it was
well covered up. /
Private Collections
There are several excellent private
collections of these antiquities in Nelson and its vicinity, whilst a good
many people are Interested in hunting for them. Robb Sutherland and A.
E. Pickford-of Nelson and Mr. Bottlng
of Bonnington have very interesting
collections which I had. the pleasure
of examining.
Mr. Sutherland's . is arranged in a
cabinet; with .glass shelves, which show
off the specimens well. ■ On the top
shelf was a small tray, of typical
arrowheads of perfect shape and
manufacture. They were of all sizes
from a.fraction of an-inch to two or
more inches In length and of many
varieties of shape and material,, suoh
as agate, chalcedony, jasper, chert,
e'ear transparent quartz and. quartzlte. The latter material is found in
pebbles along the shore of tho river
ahd lake. One finely tapering arrowhead was of a banded agate and exceedingly beautiful. These were found
In the bluffs above Bonnington Fall*
and on the flats bordering the river,
near the Canadian Pacific railroad station at Nelson.* From this special tray
we turned to the general and complete
cabinet collection. On. the upper shelf,
in addition to arrow and spear heads,
were tools, knives, skinscrapers and
cutting chisels, the latter like broad
steel chisels and nearly as sharp, several inches long, with blades two
inches wide, made of a hard, dark
greenish -and highly polished volcanic
stone called nephrite, resembling the
rare and much prized ..jade'of China
and Japan. The fine cutting edge of
Mils tool, as well as its polishing', must
have been done by some process of
rubbing or grinding, probabjy with
,.. These heavy stone chisels were some
six to eight inches long, tapering upwards from the cutting edge and
rounded on the top. They may have
been fitted to a handle or struck with
a mawl. These chisels were mostly
found in the gravel flats below the
Canadian Pacific railroad station,
close to Nelson.
The shelf below was devoted mainly
to .knives or skinscrapers, made out of
hard,1 flat, thin pieces of slate or
quartzlte with a sharp cutting edge on
one side. With these were some hammer or hatchet heads of hard quartzlte or volcanic rock, with grooves worn
In them to attach them to a handle.
They may have been used alike for
battle or domestic purposes. Some of
these reminded us of the stone celts or
adzes found ln the old country of probably older date.
In the bottom shelf were implements
UBed (n grinding food. These consisted of pestles, mullers and mortars or
kneading troughs or bowls. The
pestles were bell shaped, with flare
ends, and tapering upwards. They
were made of some heavy and hard
volcanic rock, such as nephrite, greenstone or basalt. Near the tapering end
a hole was sometimes drilled for a
thong. The mortars or bowls were also
worn out of some hard volcanic rock.
In Colorado ahd Wyoming we have
seen these trougns made of volcanic
scoria full of steam holes, like pumice,
but very hard.
The kinds of rock represented In this
cabinet were jasper, red, yel'ow, brown
or black, resembling that in Colorado
found in petrified wood, from which
many of tbe Colorado arrowheads were
made. Some lighter colored appeared
to be agates, chalcedonies, pure transparent quartz crystals, chert and
quartzlte. the last found in places in
the region. Some dark specimens appeared to be pitchstone or pearlstone
of volcanic origin, but hone apparently
of true obsidian or volcanic glass. Tho
heavier tools were of greenish volcanic
rock or greenstone.
A Piotured Stone
One of the most Interesting specimens was- a section of a small dark
grey limestone pebble about three
inches Ions and an Inch thick on which
were scratched or engraved at one end
a series of upright or vertical lines
capped with circular discs, like a soldier's cap, whilst at the other end of
the stone and pointing directly to and
at right angles to the upright lines was
a well defined arrow. What thiB pictorial engraving was meant to represent'is unknown. -These ancients, like
those of the cliff dwellers in Colorado
and Utah, were much given lo pictorial representations scratched with
some hard implement on the rocks,
many of which the writer has seen in
the canons of Colorado and Utah, representing battles, the chase ami religious signs and ceremonies. Although
there, was no proof that .these specimens had been brought to tile sDOt
where found from any great distance,
yet .with few exceptions the * material
from which they were made was not
familiar to those who know the rocks
of tho region well. *
In A. E. Pickford's collection many
specimens are duplicates of the same
types observed in Mr. Sutherland's
cabinet, as might be expected, seeing
that many of them were drawn from
the. same region.,. Some of the,arrow
and spear heads of agate, obsidian,
carneliah and jasper gathered from
the coast and eastern States as well
as from the.Kootenay region were of
exquisite workmanship and perfection.
Conspicuous among the larger specimens were tho pestles and mullers, one
of which, from Bonnington Falls, was
18 Inches long, of dark volcanic rock,
beautifully rounded-and polished and
tapering symmetrically at both ends.
With these were some broad spatula -
shaped flattish ones of unknown use,
together with what may be a true
hatchet head from tho vicinity of Balfour, also.a.fine wedge or broad chisel
of green .nephrite from Bonnington,
which shows on either side of it tho
fine grooves ground by a hard, thin
slab' of sandstone to separate the
fragment used from the main rock.
In addition to the specimens were several flat discs of slate perforated with
a hole for a sinker to a fishing net
and many knives and scrapers of
quartzlte and slate. Whilst the larger
specimens were arranged on a table,
Mr. Pickfortl has had a number of the
smaller .and choicest ones' mounted in
picture frames and set up on the walls.
He has also made' a series nf exceedingly accurate and well painted colored drawings of selections from his own
and from Mr. Bolting's collection at'
Bonnington Falls and is systematically
tabulating the same and photographing some of the.most remarkable.
One of the most remarkable of tho
specimens Is a tobacco pipe drilled out
of soapstone about six inches long of
excellent workmanship, shaped with a
bowl like nh,ordinary briar pipe with
the holl6wstem tubular towards the
end. to receive a mouthpiece. The
stem and bowl are perforated in places
with small holes filled, with shining
galena. The pipe Is of a dark blackish
green. It was found by Mr. Ronnie of
Nelson in the. vicinity ot the fishing
pool near Bonnington. Amongst other
fine specimens in Mr, Botting's collection from Bonnington Falls ls a beautifully polished green nephrite hammer
or club'head with a stain of turquise
green copper passing through it. The
head is drilled with a hole to receive
a handle and there are groovlnga for
thongs to attach it to the same.
Best Places to Hunt Specimens
Whilst specimens, may be: found at
many places along the bluffs and
banks of the Kootenay, the' bluffs
and shores in tho vuimlty of Bonnington Falls have so far proven the most
prolific. Other pla-ces are Grohman
ereek, near Nelson, and the vicin'ty of
Balfour and the flats near the Canadian Pacific railroad station at Nelson.
Some of these spots, like Bonnington.
appear to have been favorite camping
and perhaps battle grounds and burying places of these people. A good tool
to use in hunting for these relics
amongst the gravels and pebbles is a
short handled rake with three or four
long tines. Specimens found on the
terraces near Bonnington, a hundred
feet or more above the. stream, are
thought by some to be of considerable
antiquity, since oh lower terraces just
above the stream no remains are found
whe^e they might be expected. It Is
therefore thought that tho river has
cut.down its canon to its present depth
100 or more feet below the upper terrace where the remains abound and
Which was in those early'days the
shore of the stream.
The.police in Fernie are rounding up
ithe hoboes. The other night about 20
around the,coke, ovens were taken in.
A number of the city stores have
advertised that they will close mis
afternoon during the funeral of the
late Rev. Roy Van Munster.
The monthly meeting of the Ladies
aid of Trinity Methodist church will
l>e held today at 3:30 o'clock in the
parlors of the church.
The postponed meeting of the council
of the 'board of trade will be held tonight at 8 o'clock. The draft, of standing committees for the year will be
made for submission to the regular
meeting of the board on Feb. 10, and
other business referred to the council
will be considered. /
Band at Rink tonight.
Eventually everybody will go to tV
Gam. (2262;
Al. White will tune and voice pianos
for 93.00.   Phone 93. (2279)
Dressmaking—Mrs. White, Co-operative building, upstairs. Room 1. (2280)
Skating every afternoon, .3 to. 0 and
evening 8 to 10. Rink phone 98. Season tickets for sale at door.     . tSl'SSj
BORN—At 316 Robson St. to the wife
of Jas. Copeland, storekeeper, January 31, a son. (2302)
Nelson Brand Jam Is made from the
best Kootenay fruits and B. C. sugar
by British Columbia labor. .At ail
grocers. . (2167)
Mrs. .Whellams, Contralto, ■ Silver
Medallist, London. Diploma, pianis-
for voice, piano, violin, cello. Studio
614 Mill, Saturday. - - ■     2305
I Fernie and Lethbridge draught bee>.
and porter, big schooner, 10 cents. Ter
uie and Lethbridge bottled beer .anfl
orter 26c per bottle. Club Hotel. ...
Mrs. Brooke and family wish. Ho
thank their many friends for kindness
and sympathy shown during their recent bereavement. (2304) -'     ■
The annual general meeting of the
Ymir Waterworks Co., Ltd.,  will  beheld in their office at Ymir on Feb.
7th,  1916 at 1:30 o'clock p.m.
(2272) S. F. KOSS, Secretary.
R. D. McDonald, general contractor.
Trail—I have the latest in. moderate
priced homes.. Jobbing promptly attended to; estimates given: also shop-
work of any description done.     (21701
Members of Nelson Lodge No. 23.
A. F. & A. M. are requested to meet
at the lodge room at 1.30 p.m. Wednesday, Feb. 2, for the purpose of attending the funeral of tho late brother
Rev. Van Munster. John Teague, W.M
■ -      '        ■■.-•*        (2297.
D, W. Griffith's master-production
"The Birth of a Nation" will be the
attraction, at the opera house commencing, an engagement of two days
on Feb. 7. i..,.':
■ It'will he, brought here In exact reproduction of tho great attraction
which Is-now in New York, where it
has broken every record ofrthe American stage. Theso achievements alone
have aroused.more comment upon the
subject of this great story than was
ever devoted to a theatrical enterprise
before.     . ■ - .
The merest statement*, regarding
"The Birth of a Nation," leaps to
superlatives because there is Mo other
form in which it can be written. . S'm-
nle facts in relationship to its*'developments, sound extravagant until you
have .seen the production and. realized
atithe of its sweep and power. It
covers the essential details' of American history ranging through- three
centuries. Actual battles are shown
with tens of thousands of soldiers In
the conflict. Eighteen thousand people participated in the telling'■ of the
story. Three thousand horses were
used to give the cavalry and other
thrilling effects of the wild dashes
over miles of territory. Cities -were
built up only to bo destroyed by'fire.
The total cost of the entire production
was in the neighborhood, of ,-"5500,000.
Five hundred costumers and . seamstresses workod for three' months to
make the costumes worn by-'the people; 10,000 yards of cloth were Wbrked
into tbe costumes worn by the women,
while 25.000 yards of white - muslin
were used up in the regalia'of .-the Ku-
Klux-Klansmcn. And yet with all this
a simple, human* story of love and
romance weaves through: the. vast
spread of the notion and^grips the.-
hearts of the audience. The narrath f
is filled with tears and -smiles.,-;A
symphonic score accompanies the' acv
'Ion and lends a potent forco to the
drama. ■  :
The Gem
"Blue Blood and Yellow" Is the .seventh drama In a series of 12 iti:"Whj
Pays," dealing with vital social prob-
'ems and tells the s'ory of 'Anita*
Logan, a-wealthy heiress, who'has an,
ingrown superstition 'With regard to;
the worth of "blue' blood." Alfred;
Scott, aristocratic idler, has an 'inherited conviction:of the'worth- of gold
dollars, and is prouder of his ancestors
than they ever could be of him. -A-
voung mant a student, loves her, but'
his "class" is" a neglig'b'e ouant!ty;:
though tils, mind is clean and his love
has no gold alloy in it. . She chooses'
the "blue blood," and marr!es:hml—•
for her faith in his lineage. He marries her for his faith In the buyjng
power of her money. A pa'sy of fear^
overcomes him when he learns that-
her wealth is forfeited should she
marry before Bhe reaches'the', ago of;
25. He persuades her, "ter. her own
sake," to keep it dark and she Is
touched by his consideration. Under;
cover of-his apparent freedom, Scott
makes overtures to AnitaVslster/ fee*
is apprehended and Am" a, irior^er to
be divorced from tho artiBtocratlc philanderer has to declare her marriage'
and forfeit her fortune. But thij r,*bluo
blood" has one move left. He threatens to compromise Anita's", sister's
name should the suit for' diyArce
be pushed. Anita, to save her s'ster's
name must live out her life witl^.the,
bloode# aristocrat and her sister's part
of tho bargain is ' $q -smiport them.
Paul, tho scientist, can never know the-;
fulfilment.of his love,- ^   p ..:
British Attache Able to Save Papers
Beforo Enemy 8eized Him
On Greek Steamer
(By Daily KewH Leased Wire.)
XOiyEON, Feb, 1.—A graphic stpry
of' His' experiences is given in a letter
to'his sister by Capt Arthur Stanlev
Wilson, a member of parliament, who,
with Col. H. D. Napier, formerly Br;t-
ieh military attache at Sofia, was taken
off a Greek steamer ln the Mediterranean : in December by an Austrian
submarine. r
. Capt. Wilson says he spent 48 hours
on board the submarine, during which
time the vessel fought an action with
an, entente patrol boat The feelings
Of- the prisoners on board the submarine are described as having been
mixed between a desire for the success
of'the patrol boat, and anxiety over
tfteir own safety.
. The submarine, the letter says, sighted ah entente cruiser and submerged,
and afterward the commander of the
submarine Informed the prisoners that
the cruiser had ibeen torpedoed by another submarine. When approaching'
its destination the submarine came to
the surface and proceeded to port, escorted by three torpedo boat destroyed, which later were attacked by an
entente submarine, but escaped.
;Capt, Wilson, in his letter, pays tribute to the submarine officers for the
treatment they accorded the prisoners.
¥he officers, he .declared, were ready
to'fight anything.'
The letter says also that Capt. Wilson was able to destroy tho despatches
h6; was carrying .before he was captured.
■■^VANCOUVER, B. C., Feb. 1.—At a
meeting held in South Vancouver municipal hall tonight, at which preliminary organization of a patriotic fund
campagn was made the following resolution was Dashed:
."That this meeting of South Vancouver residents consider that the
time ihas arrived when the government
of this country should take Its burden
for providing for soldiers' wives and
children, and no longer depend on the
generosity of the public, but Put into
operation some plan of action where-
by funds may be provided."	
l^ljif Budsmfc Bmj (^mig.^
This Store Will Be
Closed Today,
From 1:45p.m. to
3:30 p.m.
For the Funeral of the Late
Rev.R. Van Munster
¥heBudson's BauCompatwi JH
Look Over Your
Office Stationery
And see what lines you are likely to run out
of soon. Then call The Daily News Job
Department and place orders for anything
likely to be needed within the next month. It
will pay you to give advance orders and to
order in large quantities. We can supply
all your needs.
Blank Forms, Letter Paper,
Loose Leaf Systems, Notes,
Envelopes, Cheques, Nemos,
Letter Heads, Receipts, Etc.
The Daily News
Telephone 144
- -■ --. ---—
- ——    .
WEDNESDAY, MM..*' It***-
•    UiMVMlM HP 0*l»f*| UN
W. 1*. TI8RNEV. Central Sal** Agent
^ N*l**n, B.C.
' Can *uppll*d to all railway point*.
ji        ■a.ii.in.nM ■■	
Canada Drug & Book Co.
Bungalow Apron*. ouh ......BOo
Ladiea' Cashmere Hon, 4 pair, .gf
Large Apron* with Bib*, each.35c
Heavy Flannelette, 34 Inch**; per
yard  ••..•ISO
Heavy Factory Cotton, (4 Inches:
P     y»rfl  ••..•v.t...-.JOO
Coasting Boba, per pair....(1,50
W*   Buy   Furniture,   Rum,  ate
for Ca.h.
J. W. HOLMES, MaiMgar,
606 Vernon St
Gem Program
,.   Today
At Our Orpheum, Fern!*,
v   .0   Friday, F*b. 4.
OVERTURE — "Faust,"   by.
.-■'" Gem concert orchestra
■ ma in a series of
twelve on vital quea-
tlons of life—"WHO
pays?" Featuring
Ruth Roland and
. - Henry King. Three
Being the tale of a girl who
Idolized aristocracy and wed
it, and how she found her
golden idol to have clay feet.
Also of a young man whose
blue .blood waa tinged with
ochre, and of another who
studied the stars and learned
of hell.
laughable two act Se-
Hg comedy.
Ladiea'    8ouvenir*    Tonight.
An  acceptable  present  to
each escorjia lady.
Matinee   at   3:30.   Children,
free with parenta. Adults, 10c
Evening 7 to 10:30 p.m. Children, 10c:  Adults,
m. bh
Nineteen Wounded and Three Suffering From 8hock— Kingston Man
Haa Rejoined  Unit.
OTTAWA, Feb. L.—Fifteen men are
posted dead, 19 wounded, two seriously
ill, and three suffering from shock in
laat midnight's casualty list. Patrick
Roach, Kingston, previously posted
wounded and missing, ls now reported
sate with, hi* unit, and Robert Oreen,
a Scotsman in the lotto, ls named 'a
prisoner of war. The list follows:
: ,. ,", 7th Battalion.
Jailed in action—w. H. Williams,
Accidentally killed—W. Coleman,
.-'. Vreviousjy reported wounded and
missing, now rejoined unit—P. Roach,
«Weunded-ffW. E. Collinge, Victoria.
:  - 10th Battalion.
Died of .wounds—<R. Munroe, Scotland.
Previously reported missing, now
unofficially prisoner of war—Robert
Green, Scotland.
Shall shock—A. F. Whlte( England.
We can do any work and all Jewelry repairs and special order work.
The work ls done promptly, and efficiently.
Many persona loose valuable jewelry and gems by neglecting to have
sdttlngB 6r other parts of their
Jewelry renewed. We can-remodel
any old jewelry Into new.designs.
A little work sometimes makes a
wonderful difference on a piece of
We would suggest gold plating
any jewelry that has become
Estimates, designs and suggestion* given on repairs or special order work.
J. O. Patenaude
Manufacturer of Artletlo  J.w.lry,
Expert Optician and Watohmaker.
  I naaniamaa ***.
Nelson News of the Day
It iiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiHiiiHi aa*.
Nelaon  Se*ut Treap  Fellow*  Hurt*
to C*m*t*ry—Many Friend* At-
Und Service at House
The funeral of W. J, Keatley took
n'ace yest»"*day afte'noon from his late
home. 107 Hall Mines read.
A number of frienda attended the
service, which waa held at the house
and was conducted bv Rev. Fred H.
Uraham, rector-of Ft. Saviours chiroh,
and Rev. J. R. Mclntyre, pastor of
Trinity Methodist church. A number
of floral offering* wero received,
i>mon*r which were tributes from the
"-oard of mnnavement* of Trinity
Me'bodlst chiwh, Mrs. W. Middleton
«n*i Mrs. 3. Weir.
The members of the Nelaon Boy
«co"t trboo attended th» funeral ln
""Ifomi and ca-rvlng their staves.
u**ade<1 bv Pcnnt Master Cant. F. p.
Armstrong it followed tha hearse to
*ht ceroe*erv.i where .a short service
«< c-ndxtel at th? graveside. The
-all^earers were J. p. Forde, Jooeph
•"Wer. ,1. A. Irvine*, ry. E. C. Arthur,
Tarry Amas and J. Weir.
17th Battalion.
Hopkins,   motor    accident,   "Lindsay,
18th Battalion.
Wounded—R. Cooper, Hamilton.
B. Stennings, England.
Slightly wounded—Lieut. F. A. Ladd,
Yarmouth. '
22nd Battalion.
Killed in action—T; Robillard, Cal-
imet, Que. -__,\
25th Battalion.
Killed in action—J. Gardiner, Qlaoe
Bay, C. B. .
D.   D.   McDonald,  Victoria  county,
C. B. *
S. B. Bird, Amherst.
Seriously   wounded—A.    A.    Tapp,
Belleville, Ont.
27th Battalion.
Killed In action—A. G. Palmer, England.
D. W. Blackwell, England.
29th Battalion.
Seriously ill—G. Thompson, no particulars.
Severely' wounded—Lieut.    F.    W.
Bird, England.
Wounaed—W.  Gllland,  West Vancouver,
31st Batalion.
Seriously     wounded—W,.   Wishart,
30th Battalion.
Dled-rSergt. C. A. OL'onnell, Montreal.   ^     '   -   j;.- .....: .      :;.  y.
Suffering from shock—Uieut. R. it.
Hopkins, Lindsay, Ont.
42nd Battalion.
Wounded—A. Hindi, Montreal,
E. Mohjeau, Montreal.
J. Saunders, Montreal,
Corp. R. Dalrympie, Scotland.
A. H. Mears, England,
A. Z. Hunter, England.
H. s. Horseman, England.
49th Battalion.
* Wounded—Lance-Corp. L. G. Brown,
Suffering  from    shock—J.    Jones
Wales. %
Prinoesa Patricias.
Died   of   wounds—J.   Kelly, Scotland.
A. OKeefe, Campbelltown, N. B.
Wounded, still on duty—Sergt. W.
Popey, England.
Wounded—H. Halon, Alma, N. B.
Royal Canad an Drasoona,
Wounded—H. A. Twine, ot. ihomas.
6th CM. R.
Died—W. H. Lewis, Ljui'on, Ont,
. '       2nd  Field Artillery.
Dangerously  ill—Guhiie.*  C.    Macpherson, Rldgetown, Qi'~.
4th Artillery Brigade.
Died   of   wounds—Gum er   3.   W.
Wallace, McLean Scotl-n I
It is recognized by authorities that
In the growing of tobacco the quality
of the leaf .produced depends much on
the manner Un which the plants are
started. It is realizel also that expense can be saved by doing this in
the best way. For six years the Dominion Experimental farms have been
investigating the problem of tobacco
culture and in order to give growers
the advantage of the lessons learned
there has been issuel a bulletin entitled "Tobacco Seed Bad*." It Is num.
bered 21 of the second series. This
pamphlet of 51 pages prepared by D.
Charlaoh, chief of the tobacco division, treats the subject in six parts under the following heads: Types - of
beds, the soil and seed bed, shelter*,
seed sowing and maintenance of, bed,
diseases, and the making of a hot
bed. This bulletin, which Is generously illustrated, is free to those who
apply for it to fhe publications branch
department of agriculture, Ottawa.
Rev. Roy Van Munster
M.A., B.D.
Wood-Vallance Hardware Co., Ltd.
Advertisements Art) Real Butlness-GttUrt
■> »•*•-•-• *> •••••• * * »a> » »>»4-* ■ *y
\ Social and Personal ]
' .**-.-.-+++. p.:. .........t.. 1
Mrs. p. A. Wilson of Edgewood la a
guest at the Hume.
Born oi) Feb', l to Mr. and Mrs. J.
Wyatt, pit Hoover street, a son.   -
H. H. Hill will leave this morning on
the Crow train foe Lethbridge, Alta.
W. J. Owen.qf.Kaalp, Ih vlsitinit the
city and Is stayingit tho Strathcona.
S. R. Raker and R. Williams of __n-
don visited the city.vesterday and were
guests at the Strathcona.
H. Norman and Fred Jones of Slocan City were visitors to the cltv yesterday and registered at the Strathcona. .
At a late hour last night R. M.
Bird, who has been suffering from
pneumonia, waa reported as being still
ln a low condition.
Rev, R. J. Munro of Phoenix arrived
In the city last night to attend the
funeral of the late Rev. Van MuhSfw.
He Is a guest at the Hume.
Sergt. E.Keevir arrived In the city
last night from Edgewood with 13
aliens who have been released from Internment.   He ia staying at the Hume.
Pte. Nell McDonald, who enlisted in
Nelson for activerservdee, wa*. taken
to the hospital yesterday mornint* with
a sprained ankle caused by slipping on
a strip of Icy roadway. ,*-7> 35
Rev. M.D. McKee of Grand Forks
arrived in the city yesterday to' be
present at the funeral service for the
late Rev. Roy' Van Munster. He Is
registered at the Hume.
Mm sf 54th Battalion Find Difficulty
In Understanding English Coinage, Say. Erne.t Sheppard.
In a letter to his father in Nelaon.
Ernest Sheppard of tho 54th battalion
tells of his Impressions of England up.
on she arrival of tho battalion ther*.
He says:
"The signal section was lucky
enough to get a first class compartment on the London South Western
railway and lt was most luxurious. Th*
trains at first seemed Very babyish
and small after the Canadian one, especially the engines. These created
amusement among tlie Candtan boys.
They certainly can travel though. We
passed through a number of large
towns and cities and every minute was
interesting. I still think England ls
the prettiest country in the world.
Devonshire ls absolutely grand*. Th*
countryside seems so soft ahd nice
after all the waste land we passed
through in Canada. The fields,surrounded by their hedges seemed as
strange as though I had never seen
them before.   Talk about excitement!
"At the camp we are living ln nice
bug huts, about half the size of the
Nelson armorj and quite.luxurious after tents. It Is just like a model town
as there Is. a postofflce and a number
of banks have branches hero. Of course
they, are Just plain wooden buildings.
aJ.'.S. D„ is very strange to us and
we have to be careful of our change".
I was paid 4 shillings, IK ponce for a
-    (By Dally New* Lowed Wire.)
CHICAGO, Feb. 1.—Hog*: Receipts
33,000; weak; 6 to 10c lower; bulk,
7.70 at 7.85; light 7.40 at 7.85; mixed,
741 at 8; heavy, 7.00 at 8; rough, 740
at 7.70; pigs 6.75 at 0.90,
Cattle—Receipts, 300; firm; native
**ef (tear* 6.40 at 9.00; western steers,
(.10 at 8.20; cows aiid heifers, 3.10 at
8.J.S: calves 7.60 at 10.76. .
' Sheep — Receipts, 8000; strong;
wethers, 7.60 at 8.16; ewes, «.25 at,7.76j
lambs, 8.00 at 10.90 .-- .
Judge Robert B. Carmen of Lincoln
county, Ont, Is dead at St. Catharines,
from heart failure.	
There will be a convention of the
Kootenay-Boundary fruit growers in
the board rooms of tlte Nelson -board
of trade' on Friday to discuss the proposed formation of local associations
for the marketing of fruit.. The meet'-
lng will begin at 10:80 •o'clock In the
It Is said that a large number of
tickets have been disposed of for the
dance that is being.given by Jlrs.J.
A. McCarthy, ln aid of the Belgian Relief fund, at the armory on -Friday
evening and It is expected that from
every standpoint, It will be one of the
most successful events of the season.
A special orchestra Of eight-pieces has
donated' its esrvlces.      . > . -.
There will be no drill parade on
Thursday night for H company. A
shooting practise will be held Instead.
The Boy's Brigade will parade thla
afternoon at 1.30 o'clock to attend the
funeral of the late Rev. R. Van Munster.
The funeral of the late Mrs. James
Saunders, of Winlaw, B. Ci," will be
held at St. Saviour's church, Thursday
morning at 10,80 o'clock.
!> The funeral Service for the late Rev.
Roy Van Munster will be Held in St.
Paul's Presbyterian church this afternoon at 2 o'clock. A special service
will be held by the Masonic order at
th* graveside.
The monthly meeting of the Nelson
and District Women's .Institute will
be held In Knights of Pythias hall on
Saturday afternoon at 3 o'clock. It being children's atternon the following
program will be rendered: Song, Florence Treglllus; duet, Grace Keefe and
Beatrice Matheoon; recitation, Roslo
Halaey; duet, piano, Misses Glazer.
Leslie Craufurd for the benefit of the
children will give one of his inimitable
recitations. Refreshments will be
served. .
Q. M. 8. Jones Writes Telling of Rewards for Bravery Bestowed on
British Columbians.
Mrs. J. Howe of Nelson haa received the following letter from Q. M. S.
C. P. Jones of the 1st British Columbia regiment, at present In Belgium,
in which He tells of the honors conferred upon Ita members for gallantry.
The letter reads as follows:
"I have shown the letter and card,
which I received from you'a few days
a&o, to a few of the Kootenay boys.
Our numbers are very much depleted,
unfortunately. Those who are left' in
the 'battalion you can count on your
two hands, so you -can see that \we are
only a remnant now. TOu have long
ago heard, • t expect, that one'of the
Kootenay boys, now an officer with us,
Lieut. Wrighlon, wag decorated by the
TCing in London, with the Military
Cross. You see we have our fingers
In the pie all  right.
'Toil will be pleased to hear ttittt
this <bnttallon has hod the honor of
doing the most daring, skillful and
successful thing that has, yet heen
done during the war. ^pii may think I
am boasting, but not at all. We are
proud that we are the iboya from British Columbia and you have, of course,
long ago read of what happened at
iquers on Nov. 19. As the result of
that stunt, four oiffcers sot the.D. S.
O. medal, one officer, Lieut. Wrighton,
the Military Cross and eight others, of
different ranks, the P. C. M. medal.
Something to lie proud of L.thlnk.
"It was awfully kind of you ladles
■of Nelson to send us out the parcels,
but for my part 1 would-rather, the
money had lieen spent on some of our
more unfortunate comrades who are
prisoners of war, because we are sure
of our rations, but I am not «o sure
about them, I will tell you one thing
I would appreciate and that is to have
some one send me the Montreal Family Held and Weekly Star, as that is
a good Canadian paper." . -
Purity Oat.
Thee* an Plrat Quality. Th* email tub* to 1
for th* .mail family, while tha Family Site* on
60 oa. net,
Each Family 81s* Tab* contain, a coupon, and I
only tako* a few of the** coupon* to  get  you
valuable premium.
The Brackman-Ker Milling Co.,]
use   OACLV   NfWS   W»NT   * OS  TO   SELL.    BOV.   «6Nt   OB   HIRil
If Yeu Ar* Troubled With Catarrh or * P.rai.tent Celd
in th. Head
It'i th* On* Cur* that Give. Universal Satisfaction.
Don't Fall to Try It-Me.. .     .     .
DONIr couoH-ule aoi
MTV   nDIIP   f*n     forORlK.S.STAHONLRY.^ilson'v
bill   UllUll   UUb     Choioldtes, Phonojiidphs. Lit.
Can depend  on having watches entrusted In my care
Repaired Satisfactorily and
. Returned Promptly.
Charge.  Reaaenabla.
*   Watohmaker and  Jeweler.
Baker Street, Nelaon, B.C.
Quong Chonn Pay* IK Fine for Suspicious  Investigation of  Hotel
Guest's Suite***.
Quong Chong!* Investigation into the
contents of a suit oa«e belong to Mur-
ddoch McKenzie, a guest at the Royal
hotel, led him to the polloe court yesterday morning to face a charge of
examining the grip wl,fh intent to
The Chinese boy, who is 18 years
old, is employed by a laundry and waj
engaged in delivering a package at
the hotel. Entering the room occupied
by Mi*. McKenzie he wa* busy with
the suitcase when he was discovered
by one or tihe employees of the houso
and turne'd over to the city police. In
consequence he appeared before Magistrate William Irvine yesterday
morning and paid a flue' of SS6 In lieu
of spending two months in  Jail.
The FreBbytery of Kootenay    will
meet thl» morning at 10 o'clock in the
t: m. c. a.
The annual meeting of .the Nelson
Conservative association will be (lipid
on Tuesday Feb. 8.
Miss Gladys Attree has recommenced
her classes at the Eagles' Hall and
holds classss every Saturday. For girls
and boys at 3 o'clock; and adults at 8
p. m. Private lessons by appointment
on Saturdaya and Mondays. P. O. Boi
304, Nelaon.
Nelson Opera House
FEB. 7th and 8th.
The   Basil   Corporation   Present*'
D. W. Griffith's 8th Wonder
Of'thp world*
Prices: Evening, 60s to $1.50. Matinee, 60c to $1.00.
Children half rate to matin** only.
Thie Hou** With a Charm All
f It* 0<*n,
Special I       Spwiall       Spaoiall
Al. White
(Trick VWiro*t}
Mr. Whit*, who has on* of th*
funniest violin acts you ever aaw,
will play at both performanoaa
thl* evening.
Thanhouear Drama In 2 part*,
A remarkabl* picture with a fir*
•cane that I* truly wonderful.  *
, Royal Comedy,
Prineeae Drama,
"CHEQUE NO. 130"
Tomorrow—Donald Brian in
"Th* Voic* in th* Fog,"; by Harold MeGrath.   Five part*.
Letter  of  Appreciation   Received   by
Mis. Helen Walbjch of Nelson
From Matron of Hospital.
Tlie following letter of appreciation
has been received by Miss Helen Wallach of Nelson from Matron A. M.
Scott of the Castle' Dauglas hospital,
Scotland, in which she expresses the
thanks of Uer soldier patients fo rthe
gift of picture books forwarded by
Miss Wallach. '„■
s "The soldiers in the hospital wish
me to write .and thank you for ihe two
lovely picture 'books which oyu made
and which were sent on to u* here.
it is indeed kind of you school girls
to use your spare time ln this Way, but
c.nr b'*;iv*« soldiers deserve all we pan
give them, as they an giving a very
great deal for us." • ■:. ..-'
The letter lias the following names
pf soldier patients attached to It: John
Purchase, No. 09624; A. O. C., No.
11322; Pte. J. Donlin, 8 th * Wittallon
Royal Innlsklllen fusiliers; taince-
Corp, O. Rule, No. 1781, 6th Highland
light infantry; Pto. John Hughes, No.
8073, 6th Leinster R. C, and Corp. 3. P.
Dwlken, No. 8515, Connaught ftangera.
Coal and; Wood
«i ..^ imt__  „_,. ■     1-ifc     • ..-■      „ ^M
[Kootenay Columbia FuclCo.^
  CHAS.  ft   MeHARDY,   Agent —
>-.'.'.:,.'r.'.'~-i-;;;.:-.:K:.-,   ;»■ •*>»-■     ' '....,     ■' '" '   r      -:     ■■*
Woman   of   all   Claim   Working   in
Varloua Waya to Do Thslr
A most interesting letter, excerpts
of which have been translated from
the French is published by the Butte
Miner. It deals with the like of Parisian women during the war,' how they
spend their time and how caste and
'class is practically forgotten in an effort, to do their part for the men at
lie .front. ..Say Paris: is not the gay
Pari* of yore. The hearts ot all ln the
city are with their husbands, brothers,
sons and sweethearts at the front,
"somewhere in France," and the former scintillating life of the cafes has
<been replaced hy the- seriousness of
the times.
The writer paints a vivid picture ot
conditions ln the French metropolis
during the present struggle and the
following is well worth perusal: \
Th* Letter  ■
"Do you remember that lot of night
cafe* and night restaurants on the
Place Pigalle where they used tnvart
ably to take tourists and strangera be'
fore the war to show them how: 'real
Parisians' danced the tango? A shower
of little rubber balls, happy laughter
and gay music greeted you. And now,
even. In the Restaurant L'Abbaye. there
is less light and less noise than before,
and if you enter the half darkened
room you notice on the red canopies
along the Walls a number of women
bent diligently pn their sewing.
"Since the outbreak of the war the
place has bee'n rented by Ledrolt Des
fumes and there are aibout half a hun
dred women who were out of work In
ateady employment. They .give them
a frugal breakfast and supper beforo
they go home in the evening and they
also pay them' every 14 day* a few
franc*./ *
"AH kinds of women are asking here
constantly for work; white-haired wkt
ows, wives of worklngmen, but chiefly
midinettes. ..■*. .... ..-.
'"Everyone who wishes to work is
made welcome,' said one iof the.pat
ronesses, when Interviewed, 'and It is
of no consequence to ua as to the char-
acter of the applicant*. We are occupying the women with all kinds of
sewing work and* with the manufacture of dolls, especially of dolls in the
uniforms of tho allies, like the pie.
turesque Scot* and Coasaoks.'
la On* of Many.
"L'Albaye la only one of the many
working shops opened ind success'
fully operated during the past year.for
women out of employment. And It can
easily be understood where the tens
of thousands of midinettes of Paris are
keeping themselves since.the outbreak
of the war, who previously populated
during the. breakfast hour* the boule
wards and. the Rue do la Palx.. .Many
of them left-tor the country but most
of. then found work In the sewing
rooms, while a small number accepted
the offer of the Magdalene *l*t*rs who
offered them shelter and board if. they
were willing to. live, according to-the*
rules of the Institution and to make
'bandages, for the wounded.
"A few days ago I paid a visit to
this home of midinettes. It seemed to
be a cage full of singing birds and It
would make a novef with niaiiy chanters to write about those little midinettes working under the supervisTon
nuns, pour la uatrie.
Soelety ih; Red Cross Work.
"While a good many of the society
women of* Paris are engaged ln their
oharltable activities in l'Abbaye, in the
bazars.the ladies of the exclusive circles : of Parisian society almost all
Joined the Red Cross. At the start of
the war there was quite a bit of hesitation about the groups and patriotic
societies they should join, but now the
women of France are united in one
league and one union. For the society
women, the Croix Rouge is the latest
Parisian salon where everybody meets
everybody. But not everybody has access to this salon. It Is necessary—as
they say In slang-rtp show 'la patte
blanche' and it* has happened' on different' occasions that divorced women
were snubbed and not permitted to
participate in the sewing work, AS
most of the ladies of the Red Cross are
royalists and devout Catholics, 'one
must not be surprised that the repub.
lican laws concerning divorce seem to
be forgotten. . But laws and morals are
two entirely different thing*. Not
very welcome guests among the' ladies
of the Red Cross are even women of
republican circles, and therefore they
have .formed* a so-called dreen CrossT
whloh also takes care of the slick and
wounded—to be differentiated from the
Blue Cross, which Is-caring for horses
exclusively. Even now, during the war
are the social contrasts in Paris so
sharply marked that* organizations of
crosses in all colors of the ..rainbow
sprang up In no time,
:  Even Peace Movers Work.     -
"Then there is la petit bourgeoisie,'
wives of radical physicians or lawyers or teachers, Who never approved
of militarism and who are trying their
best to get accustomed to ths prevailing conditions, of the country,
"The step from'the society-woman
to the woman of the half-world Is not
very big. And surely this letter would
not be complete It- lt did not mention
the lady of theNnight cafe. The actress Is the connecting link 'between
her and good society. The little actresses'all Went to tho country. They
pretended to be going home to tako
dare of a wounded brother or cousin,
and they hav^ not been seen again In
Paris. All of them, nearly, 'came from
the country. Their people own somewhere a piece of land, are farmers and
are glad to welcome back to their family circle the black sheep. All you can.
see ln Parle now are the little trotlnna,
living on 25 sous per day, paid to the
unemployed by the malre of each ar-
No Mora Faahlona.
"How a Paris woman dresses during
the war? I wonder If there la (till &
Parlalan fashion existing? If there Hi,
tt la the so-called scotch 'bonnet, used
now by almost all Parisian ladle* and
Its old name 'bonnet de police' I* again
In vogue. Not much is to be said
otherwise about fashions. That the
Ruaaian blouse with Servian embroidery will, be worn by elegant Paria during the winter seems assured. Scotch
1*~ favored very much tpo. And tha
color schemes will combine the national .colors of the belligerent allleff.
But not'much 1b left;of" the llghtheart-
edneps of; yore—not ln fashions andB
not ln the mode of living. Even tha
greeting on the. street, ha» a grave,
solemn character. Where.la the Jolly
heart pi th* French woman? It is far
away at th* front. There are at present more than four million women who
are wtthout.a.husband, or whose sons,'
'brothers, or sweethearts are In tha
trenches somewhere'out there in danger of life), that ■may call 'at the
front/ |
"A few are fortunate enough to havo
their male relatlvea still at home—those
whose husbands and sons are employed
in the office* of the military administrations, She, 'le femme de l'embus-
quo' la a pathetic little figure. All day
long she Is visiting her friend* while
her husband Is In the off Sec, telling
them that he doesn't wish anything
better than to be transferred to thb
front. \Arid while her poor heart <>is
paralyzed by the Idea that he may. be
commanded, to the front, she feigns
eagerly her desire to see her husband,
to, among the fighters for Fiance's
Particular About
Your Toggery, Sir
Emory &,
-■ ■ '■■■*■'-


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