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The Nanaimo Mail May 2, 1896

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iOL. I.
NO. 46.
The Plaos for Bargains
We do not sell merely cheap Roods—almost anyone ean do that, but we
do sell the BEST GOODS obtainable at astonishingly
I" GROCERIES oar stock is very large, und in every line we have
Something extra good.
TEA-Our "Special" Brand, 25 cents per pound, still leads.   This is
the best value in the country,
COFFEE—Our "Empress" is not easily excelled ; 40 cents per pound.
BUTTER—We keep only the best grades in Creamery, in tubs, lOlbs.,
2'llbs., GOlbs.   Fresh Ranch Butter comes in regularly.   Also the
Famous DELTA CREAMERY, certainly the best butter in this
PURE COMB HONEY in original frames.
PURE JAMS, 71b. pails, 65cts.
CHOICE ROLLED OATS, 30 pounds for $1.00.
COAL OIL-W'c st'" this article lower than the lowest, and In adili-  •
tion we supply  FREE the celebrated Patent Automatic Oil
Can.   Il is a dandy,
So it is in every line we have something it will pay you to use.
SEEDS of all Pints. Field, Garden and Flower. We have a large stock.
BOOTS AND SHOES— We have a very large stuck at figures that
will surprise you.
lie sure you give us a call if only to get some pointers.
Victoria Crescent.
The People's Store,
Nanaimo Will   Celebrate the
25th and 26th.
$2000 to Be Given Away in Prizes.
List of Sports—Programme of
Regatta and Bicycle Races.
X  Have you seen the	
In Men's, Wi linen's and Children's
—at tiik—
Cash Boot and Shoo Store,
No. 17 & 19 Commercial Street.
It Will Pay You to Call and Sec Them.
As the New Spring Season  t\     "\rAi.   Til   •]
is now upon us ^0   l\0t   MU
to come and inspect our stock of
Ladies'i Children's Millinery
Our stock this season we assure you is
complete in every respect and bound
to please. It comprises all the latest
novelties, etc. A very fine and well
assorted stock of Ladies' Sailors and
Children's Galatea, Silk and Lace Hats.
Crescent Store, Nanaimo, B. C.
At the meeting of the Celebration
committee Wednesday evening it
j was resolved to celebrate two da3's—
| the 25th and 20th—instead of one
day, as heretofore decided.
The Vancouver Band, who have
chartered the City of Nanaimo for
an excursion on the 25th, will he
allowed hotel expenses in the event
of their coming to this city.
The Collecting committee reported
$674 cash, $212 in special prizes,
and expected to collect $100 more;
also that the people on Haliburton
street were desirous of holding horse
races, and asked for an appropriation therefor. The estimated revenues were: Collections $586, City
Council $500, anticipated collections
$100, gate money and privileges
$600, total $2086.
It was decided to make Monday
the chief day, and have the regatta
in the morning, the royal salute at
noon, the bicycle races and athletic
sports on the Caledonian grounds
in the afternoon, and on Tuesday
the hose reel contests, the lacrosse
match and horse racing.
The several sub-committees  on
sports submitted their programmes,
and the following events were decided upon in the order named:
MONDAY amount
Regatta, thirteen events	
Bicycle races, twelve events	
Athletic snorts, tight events ...
Hose-reel races	
Lacrosse, one match  	
Horse races (events not settled)
Kilk-shoot, live events         100
The secrulary was instructed to
call for tenders for exclusive privileges on the Caledonian grounds.
Thc following additional committees were appointed:
House Racing—J. H. Cocking,
Qeorge Baker, J. Humphries, w.
Thompson, \V. Scoville, It. Dunlop.
Husk Ki:ki. Contests—R. Nightingale, W. 11. Morton and B. Van
i lioutcn.
The committee adjourned until
Tuesday, May 5, at 8 l>. M.
Kegaila, May 25.
START tt A. M.
first-class Balling race, for hoats 20 to
80 It. water line (timeallowance);course
alioiil 10 miles— Prizes: 1st, $125; 2nd,
.-.tin; Hrd, $26.   Entrance, 6 per cent.
2, Single Bcull rowing watch, for amateurs, in is ft, lapstreak outriggers;
course l)jj miles, with turn—Prises, trophies:  1st, value *|2'>; 2nd, value $1(1;
;i. Double scull rowing match, with
coxswain), gunwale boats; course 1'...
miles with turn; confined lo coal miners—Prise, JIO and cup presented by
foreman i Hardy, value ijio.
•I. Single scull rowing ma.eh for professionals in 21) ft. lapBtreuk outriggers;
course 2 miles with turn—Prizes: 1st,
•2,ri; 2nd, $10.   Entrance, 60c.
5. Peterburo canoe race for amateurs,
double paddles; course l'.j miles with
turn— Prizes: 1st, trophy, value iflft; 2d,
cigars, valuetO, Entrance I'eeSOo, added.
II. One upset Pctcrlmro canoe race,
single paddle; course 200 yards—Prizes:
Isl, til); 2nd, (5,
7.   Log balancing contest—Prize, $10.
n. Indian war canoe race for lo paddles with steerer; course l'^ miles with
tin ii— Prizes, {68 and >'--.
ii.  Klooicliiiiiius'cantie race In Indian
canoes, two paddles--Prizes, lilt and $8,
III. Boys' nice, 14 years and under, in
single scull gunwale boats; course 1 mile
with turn—Prizes, Ashing mils, value $5
an I .12 60.
11. Uirls' race, 11 veins and under, in
single scull gunwale boats; course 1 mile
with turn—Prizes: 1st, Sunshade, value
in; 2nd, dry goods, value $2,60,
12. Barrel race, in costume, broom
propellers—Prizes (value), $6 and $2.60.
18 (ireasy pule walking—Prize, I ham.
Coinmitlei—E. Qiu-itm-ll,  J. llilhert,
(1. P. Oni ne, J.J, Honey man,.I. M. It m Id,
Dr. Ourrle. W,Thompson, J. H. Haw-
tlioruthwnite, V. Thurliurn, X, Dobson;
VV, X, Heddle, secretary-treasurer.
2nd, silver watch ;  presented by \V. AI.:
% mile, standing Btart... .$20 00 $10.00
1 mile handicap  30.00   10.00 I
2 mile        "         35.00   10.00
3 mile        "        40.00   15.00
5 mile        "         70.00   25.00
A third prize of $10 In latter event.
Special Pi-i7.cs.
VV, M. Langton, Bicycle Race,
for ladies of Nanaimo and District, 1st prize, gold watch  25 00 I
Second prize, silver watch     15 00
T. C. Morgan, tailor, for Bicycle
Race, one suit clothes  35 00
Jas. McGregor, Clothier, dressing
gown  20 00
Wm. Stuart,, Jeweler, ono silver
nut howl        20 00
Fletcher Bros, one violin 15 00
The Elite Studio, one dozen Elite
Panels    10 00
W. T. Heddle, one  ham     3 50
J. Sampson,one dozen Paris panel
photos       7 00
E. HugheB, one pair slippers     1 50
It   Throbs   Through
Popular Paper.
which I will have to subscribe to during
the year." Now, I do not see anything
about this to make so much comment of
in the paper. John Hilhert.
A Local Wag Draws a Pen Picture of
the City Council—Another Phase
of the Constable Question.
The Vancouver Odd Fellows have
chartered the Cutch for an excursion to Nanaimo on the 25th.
Nanaimo will Celebrate—with a big C.
Nine years ago to-morrow was a sad
day for nanaimo.
No quorum; no business; iB the record for last Monday'a Council meeting.
Editor Mail: Having visited the
Council a short time ago I thought it
might be interesting to some to know of
their doings. I will commence with His
Worship,who, I must say,deserves credit
for the decorum and discipline he maintains in the Council.
Next is Mr. Foreman, happy go easy,
who looks after the street work very attentively,
Next is Mr, Sinclair, who is a capital
seconder of motions, especially for the
construction of sidewalks.
Next is Mr. Martell, who appears to
have the interests of the ward lie represents at heart.
Next is Mr. Macdonaltl, who is a par-
Xhe weather has not been living up to ti,uu'Rrl? ''"il'-'»i'/U''1 »'."»- <•••<•• has sin-
the season the past week, but it has tour Ble '!x "lwls thttj *'"" '' be. a boon to al
weeks to redeem itself. I working men and worthy of any person's
n,.      ■ i .   , ,    r, • ,       •,    reflecting upon.
Tne right-of-way for Dunsmuir s rail- Next we uome t0 Mr. Westwood, who
road to Oyster hay is boing prepared— reminds nie of parts in the history of
by Chinamen, ol curse. , De.u, Swifl| w|,L,re ■„, 1TU,re t0 the phi*.
Nanaimo Camp, No. 42, Woodmen of usophers becoming so absorbed in their
the World, was visited officially Tuesday thoughts that they required hoys armed
night by Noah Shakespeare of Victoria, with madders, who tapped them in the
Deputy Consul Commander of B. C.   A face to remind them of the subject under
period of sociability followed the busi- discussion.   I would suggest that the
uchs meeting.
The ship El well arrived Wednesday
doming, seven days out from San Francisco.    She brought 40,000 pounds of
Mayor procure a hoy of that description
for Mr. YVestwootl's special benefit.
Next, we come to  Mr.  Bradley,  who
means well but lacks the eloquence of
sulphe.r for the llaniiltonPnwiier Works]  putting his opinions into words
She has been rechartered to load coal at
this port.
A large party interested in the mines
of Texada, the land of "great expectations," went over Monday on the Rainbow (suggestive name). The party included A. R, Johnston, J. Raper, Robt.
Evans and E. Priest.
The next meeting for the purpose of
receiving the report of coinmittee in
connection with the proposed organization of a militia company will he belt!
on Monday evening at s o'clock, May
4th, in the Y. M. C. A. hall.
(In Tuesiluy 800 feet of -wring roils
went over on the steamer Esnermiza to
Kludge Island. At the present time the
company hnve bored over 200 feet, with
Next we come to Mr. I'lanta, justly
nicknamed "the Infant," who is remarkable more for the annoyance he is to the
rest ol the Council than the good he is.
Again I would make a suggestion that
the mayor provide him with a picture
hook or some otlier article of amusement in order to avoid his interrupting
the business of the Council.
Next we Iiml the venerable Mr. Morton, who, if we judge by the multitude
of words, is quite an orator, although he j
reminds mo of the old gentleman who]
boiiml his son to the apprenticeship of ai
French   blacksmith,   a  short  distance,
from where he lived.    After a while the !
old 'gentleman visited the locality where
the WOUld-be blacksmith   was engaged,
and meeting the 'smith of polite man-
Morning service at 11 o'clock; Bible
class and Sabbath school at 2:30 p. m.i
evening service at 7. The pastor will
preach at both services. All welcome. 8.
C.Stewart, pastor pro tern.
Y. P. S, C. E. prayer meeting immediately alter the evening service.
Midweek meeting, Thursday evening
at 8 o'clock.
Services at 11 A. M. and 7 p. si. Sunday
school and pastor's Bible class at 2:30
p. m. Midweek meeting, Wednesday,
7:80 p. m. All seats free; all are invited.
Rev. \V. A. Gunton, pastor, lG'J Farquar
w. 0. T. u.
The regular monthly'Gospel Temperance meeting in connection with the
above society will be held in the Y. M.
C. A. hall on Sunday evening next,
May 3rd, at 8:30. Mr. J. W. Galloway,
of the Indian Mission, Nanaimo, will
be the speaker on this occasion, and
several ladies will (contribute solos and
ducts. All are heartily welcomed, both
old friends and strangers, and the public
Resignation Rcluctautly Received.
At a meeting of the Board of Trustees
of the Wallace Street Methodist church,
helil on Thursday evening, the following
resolution was adopted unanimously:
Resolved, It is with feelings of deep
regret that the Trustee Board of the
Wallace Street Methodist Church learn
from Bro. S. Gough that he wishes to
resign the position of organist of this
church, which he has filled for the last
25 years with so much acceptability to
the board and the church; and as Bro.
(lough has during all those years given
his services gratuitously, we feel that,
although reluctant to accept the resignation, it would only be justice to Bro.
Gough that he be given a well-earned
relief from the arduous duties which he
lias been performing for"so long a time,
and would move that the resignation be
accepted, and that this board place on
record their high appreciation of the valuable services rendered by Bro. Gough
to the church, and that this resolution
be spread on the minutes and a copy of
the same presented to Bro. Gough.
good prospects of soon reaching tho black  tiers, inaul red as to tho progress of bis|
William Jackson had his leg broken
Wednesday afternoon while working in
his stall in Nn. (I shaft of lhe Wellington
collieries. This is only the second
accident since the beginning of the
year in these collieries.
The steamer Wellington passed up nn
her way to Union Saturday night, nicking up en route those if thi1 Costa Rica's
crew who wished to return to San Francisco.   This is the last trip of the Wei
son.   "Oh," said he, "d , I diinno;
he take a piece of hi roll, he hammer all I
day: whatever he look like he call  'Im
da't."   This, in  my opinion,  is a fair]
Illustration  of Mr. Morton's eloquent
Next we eome to Mr. Wilson, who
has Improved very much ; that is in pub. !
lie life, and bids (air to make his mark
in the political arena ere long.
One thing more I would like to refer to
It is In
if you will grant me the space.
i, ,   .      .   .      , ., ...     ,  ,,       reference to our well-conducted hospital,
bigton before being laid up at the latter kmiier the „,,,,, BUpertmendenee of Mr.
,J' | Watson.   Being at the R. R, station the
i Dr. Wnlkem, M.P.P., accompanied by evening the train carried the theatrical
his daughter Phlllippa, left for Eastern troup to Wellington, I could not help
Canada nn Monday, to be absent about noticing with contempt one particular
threeweeks, In Montreal he will consult person who made himself conspicuous
nn eminent, specialist regarding an afien- among the rest. This prominent person
I linn to one of his eyes which threatens I was none otlier than VV. H. S., who last
the sight.
There will h- a sale of work in St.
A Minn's hall on Tuesday, May 6th, commencing at 2:30 n. in. Admission free
during the afternoon and evening.   Rp.
Bicyle Races, May 25.
Starter—Jas. McGregor, M. P. P.
Time-keepers —Wm. McGregor and
Chas. Deeming.
Referee—J. Newton.
Judges—W. K. Leighton and Martin.
Clerk of Course—VV. Edinods, B. D.
Lap-taker—John Shaw, Geo. Fletcher.
let Prize. Ind.
1 mile novice  *10.00 »5.00
% mile amateur  15.00   2.60
1 mile amateur  15 00   7.60
2 mile amateur    15.00   7.60
8 mile amateur  16.00   7.50
6 mile amateur  20.00   7 60
A third prize ol io in last named race.
Ladies' Race—1st prize, gold watch;
freabnienlH and mnsii
A special feature of the sale will be a
candy stall,
The lirst event of the summer sporting sei'Son look place vestenlay, when a
prominent Commercial street fruit dealer defeated one of  the men "in  the
sable" in a hotly-contested one-mile bi-
| cycle race   A small fortune is said to
\ have changed hands on the result.
In honor of the 77th  anniversary of
Odd-Fellowship in North America and
! the 22il of ils Introduction In Nanaimo; |
members of the order to the number of I
about 100 attended divine service at the t
j Baptist church Sunday morning, when
Rev. Mr. Gunton preached an eloquent
sermon appropriate to the occasion. The
anniversary was also celebrated Monday
■evening hy a cOllPort and social in the
Free Press hall, which wns largely at-1
j tended and greatly enjoyed,
Owing to tbe rather unexpected arrival of snipping for the New Vancouver
' Coal   Company   the   mass meeting of
j miners snnnnn 1   to take  place   in
| Maluer's Opera Honse at io o'clock today bus been Indefinitely postponed.
The regular weekly meeting of the
Miners Union, however, will be held
i in the Odd-FellOWS1 hall this  afternoon
I at 8 o'clni k  as usual.    The Company
have decided to continue  work  at No. i
5 shaft for the month of May at least.    |
Oliver Lodge, Daughters, entertained
year stood about one hour at the pay
office of the V. C. Co. on pav day soliciting charitable donations for the hospital. The poor miners not suspecting
the object he had in view, contributed
rill be provided; the handsome Bum of $888.60, or
about;   but   what   was   their  surprise
when they saw the report With  10  per
cent, deducted for commission—$88,80
for n couple of  hours'work.   Who says
wages are dropping in B. C.   But, gentlemen, bud a   miner attempted any-1
thing like that, what would be the con-1
sequence?   The   chain-gang    probably,
at least the scorn of every man, woman
and child of  Nanaimo. 'Thanking you l
for the space I have taken.
    BOOKOLENE,      I
Reply to Ratepayer.
Editor Mail:    Inthe Free Press of!
April 24th I  notice a letter signed "A
Ratepayer," who seems to be a champion
for Constable Thompson  and   a   little
vindictive  towards  the mayor for   the!
action he has taken, but "ratepayer" j
dues not mention  anything about  the
action of Constable Neon, when he found j
an Infraction ofthe Sunday Closing Law,
Which he promptly brought before the'
magistrate and hail the offender dealt j
With accordingly. Now, when Constable
Thompson found a breach of the same
law, he searched the offender, took thej
bottle away from him, kept it. for a week
and then gave it back to tne owner with-
Otlt reporting the matter, because he]
was a respectable citizen of Fraser
Street.    Is this where he got his boasted
Inkerinaii Lodge, Sons, of St. George, to- I popularity over another officer who has
gether with a number of guests, at Hii- done his duty? "Ratepayer" should
hen's hall Saturday night, in honor of- not take all for gospel that be hears, but
the anniversary of their patron saint;'give honor to those to whom honor is:
and full justice was done the occasion. ! due, or perhaps he may bear from the
A bountiful bunqtiet was followed by an Old Man of the .Mountain again soon.
afterpart of toasts, singing, recitations, I Hamlet.
etc., "Auld Lang Syne," sang by the
whole company, bringing a pleasant
evening to a happy termination. Bro.
John Hilbert presided and gave nn interesting review of the history of the
Mr. Hilbert Explains.
Editor Mail:   What I said to Mr.
Norris wus that when  Mayor Davison
put his name down on the Celebration
subscription list he placed (50 opposite
Do  Not Despair because you   have I and then said he intended to give a
tried manv medicines n.id have failed to  lady's bicycle, for the most graceful rider
receive benefit.   Remember that Hood's | in Nanaimo.   He crossed out the ,00
Sarsaparilla cures when all others fail to
do anv good whatever.
Hood's Pills are the liest family cathartic and liver medicine, Harmless,
reliable, sure,
and said "1 will let you know later what j
I will do."   On Wednesday evening he
came to me and said, "I have Como to1
the conclusion that I will give you $10
cash, as there   will be Bevcral  things
A. Huslnin, M.P., was welcomed home
by his many friends Tuesday evening.
A. R. Johnston, R. Evans and W.
Priest returned from Texada by the
Joan yesterday.
Mr. .las. Haggart, Conservative candidate for this district, has resigned his
position as manager of the Wellington
mines, which he has held for over 17
By the steamer Willapa word was received from W. Sloan and party, who
are still camped at Dyea. The weather
was very cold, with Inch winds. They
arc taking altogether 5500 pounds into
the Yukon, which includes sufficient
provisions for over a year's supply. Mr.
Sloan writes in very hopeful tones as to
their ultimate success in the gold fields.
 »»» —
There is a current report in
London that Mr. Chamberlain has
sent a second dispatch to Sir Hercules Robinson, snstructing him to
inform President Kruger that with
regard to the 59 accused Uitlanders
besides the four leaders, the British
will trout execution of their fine,
imprisonment and banishment as
an act of deliberate hostility to
Great Britain, which would be resented by active measures because
it would result in crippling the
mining industry in the Hand. It
is thought that the British Government means to provoke a quarrel.
Advices received at Key West
state that a notable victory has
been won by Gen. Calixta Garcia,
in the province of Santiago de
Cuba. Gen. Weyler is evidently
expecting a simultaneous assault
on Traoha by the forces of Generals
Gomez and Maceo, for he is hurrying to the line every soldier not
needed for garrison duty. In the
next few days fighting may be expected at Trocha.
It is stated thnt a method of making
au aluminum joint without alloy, ami
which, without either being soldered,
brazed, or keyed, Is rendered homogeneous iiiiil practicably unbreakable, has
been perfected, The joint has been
tested by the leading cycle manufacturers for the manufacture of cycle frames
entirely of aluminum, which, with equal
strength, will be 50 per cent, lighter
than steel.
ltriiui O'Lynn had no boots in wear,
So tie ennic io Niuinilnti In buy hlin h pair:
"I'll have one j.iilr ol Utick mill one pair of thin,
II 1 can iiml Whitfield's," »ayi Hrin.ii O'Lynn.
He linntcil the More." ill! along lhe inilili rnuto,
Sitvs In-: '-TherlBnt one I've lint yet foiuitlout.
I want w'hiuici.l—I'll buy only from him.
Fur hu sells the QheapeBt," says llrliui O'Lynn.
He steppod ti little west of Albert street;
lie siiw Whitfield's sign—sure 'twas a ireflt:
He opened the door and George aloud within—
" I've found it ill last," says itrian O'Lynn,
We showed him nur t-alf bouts, kill nml cuwhide,
The ones we praise moat —no seams nt the, side.
We've bt mis nl all kinds from Utiobcc and Berlin.
"Sure yotl'VO boots lur Ute motion," says Brian
O'Lynn, [no trash;
He bought him his bunts, which nt euiirse were
lie paid down his money, fur we sell only (or
Tu llu- nubile hesavs: "He mil taken ii), [caah.
Buy only from Whitfield," says Brian O'Lynn
"H there's a leak In lhe toe nr side of your shoo,
.lust lake It tn Whilllelil, (hat's all you need do;
He will pen it or patch lust while you aro tn,
Ami lhe enargoaoenii like nothing," says Brian
WHITFIELD, the Shoe Man,
VicTouiA Crescent, Nanaimo. OTTO VOX BISMARCK.
Tor<< (1 Into Rotlieineui Hlx Years Ago,He
lv still the   Mosl  Interesting  Figure In
On Wednesday, tbe is: day of April,
the family, friends, tenants, neighbors,
am), indeed, the whole of Genu uny, will
celebrate the oighty-firBt birthday anniversary nf Prince Otto von Bismarck,
the unifier uf ihe fatherland. This grizzly
veteran of statesmanship, diplomacy and
war, though forced Into retirement six
years ago by a headstrong sovereign,
whose very throne was in a great mcas-
ure of uismnrok's making, continues to
be. anil will oont En ub to i o so long as he
lives, the moat Interesting figure in Guv-
many. For that matter, ho is the must
powerful and interesting figure in German history, notwithstanding the inter
venlng kings, and emperors, since Kroil*
eriuk the real So large have beon thn
achievements of this man that the Interest ln him is nnt confined to Germany
alone, ever, in this tune of his old age
and retirement.
Ab a Prussian, Bismarck was anything
but a republican, since ho believed with
unwavering firmness in the divine right
(if the Hohenzollerns tt« rule In that
land: but ho acknowledged that a constitutional and limited monarchy, whore
tho sovereign was but as the cupola of
tho house was the lost- government for
England, and that a pure democracy was
the best kind of government for the
United States. When, therefore, most of
the nobles wore anxiously hoping for tho
overthrew of the American republic, Bismarck exerted, quietly but powerfully,
his groat infiuanoe in favor of non-intervention, which was irj effect a declaration in favor of the onion.
When Bismarck developed a religious bent it Is not hard to see. In hie
youth he was so wild and reckless that
he became known in the army where he
served as the "Mad Bismarck. " and he
kept np this reputation when he had returned to his ancestral home at Scboen-
hausen to heoome a country 'squire and
cultivate tho estate he had Inherited from
his father, the retired captain of dragoons. His mad pranks were held in
such lilsest-oem by his neighbors that be
was no', thought to ho a safe match tor
Frank-in Von l'mtkumer when in 1847
he sought her to be his wife. The country 'squire, by met hods similar to those
of the chancellor of a quarter of a century later, boat down the opposition and
married the lady, of whom in IS78 ho
Bald to the Italian premier. Signer Crlspl:
"You little know what this woman hah
done for nie."
One of the things she did was to
awaken in l.im his dormant retlgl-um
feelings, and we find him writing to hei
in 1*51, that il* it wen- not Cor his faith
in tn-d. his lova for her and  the thoughts
I   i.  . ■ ■'" ■»'■!"
It x£k
ftW, zi * '
t ■ : E' 1.
of t!n* children at homo he w< uld give ni
all IdpnB of public duty and ret am to his
homo anil his forming. The idea through
the whole of Uismarok s life seems t<
have Leon that in serving his king he was
serving God and his country, in his mind
the king was the anointed one and the
peoplo had but ono duty and that duty
was to obey.
lt was la 1H51, I y the war, that Bismarck s in1 I career In any large sense
began, though previous to that he had
been a member of the Prussian Diet and
had championed tho rights ol the throne
as against those of the people. In that
year he weni to Frankfort as the Prussian member of the German Diet-, which
managed the foreign relations of the
kingdom, the various principalities nnd
the free titles. He was then 8fl years old
and there was much wonder that so important a post should have In en given to
BO untried a man, a man who had only
one decoration that giver, to him for saving the life of hit! soldier servant when he
was u lieutenant In the armv. Kvon the
prince of Prussia, afterwards Emperor
William I., by grace of Bismarck's genius and resolution, expressed -urprise
and felt much doubt.
But Bismarck soon Justified himself
and introd-icod the old world diplomats
to tactics thev were a long lime in comprehending He told themtheploln truth
whenever he spoke at ali. and he was al-
ways remarkable rather for candor than
retieenoi—and they were entirely baffled.
His reports to his Minister In Berlin during the eight years he remained in Frankfurt were complete and graphic histories
of all the happenings I'he idea of German unity as at 'hi- time advocated at
the instance of Austria he did not consider to tho interest*, of the Prussian
throne and he opposed it with all his
might, li evi •- seemed at this time that
ho WaB opposed to any kind of unity, but
that was not so his Idea was that I'ms-
sla should form nnd ba the center of that
union and his foresight enabled him to
nee, even then, how that oould he brought
In ono of Motley's letters there i- a little picture of Bismarck's home life at his
home in Frankfurt. He said; "The Bis-
marckf are ns kind as ever. It is one of
those homes where everyone dues what he
likes. The >-how apartments, where thoy
receive formal company, are,In the front
of the house, Their living rooms, how-
over, ure a salon and thmng room at the
hack, opening upon the garden, Here
1hore are young and old,grandparents and
children and dogs all at once; eating,
drinking, smoking, piano playing and
pistol firing (in the garden;, all going on
at the same time. It is one of those establishments where every earthly thing
that can bo oaten or drunk is offered you
—porter, soda water, small beer, champagne, burgundy or claret—aro about all
the time, und (everybody is smoking tho
best Havana cigars every minute."
This is tho kind of life Bismurck has
lived up to this time, and even in his old
age he huH continued to le us much of a
trenobxuan as his physician will permit,
lie used to say: "If 1 am to work well, L
must- be well fed," and most healthy and
sensible people will say amen to such a
doctrine. Bismarck stayed in Frankfort
till 185.*, when ho was sent to st. Petersburg as Minister. To use his own expression, he was "put on ice.'' lie was a
great favorite of the Czar ami became a
per onal friend of the famous and powerful Govtchakoff. When King William, In
ttsuT, succeeded his brother it was
thought he would ask Bismarck to be
Minister, but he was irresolute, while
Bismarck was Indifferent. Wnen, however, in 18(13, the king found himself in
trouble with his parliament, ho asked His-
raarok to I b parliament-tamer and accept
the presidency of the Ministry. But Bismarck declined, pleading had hoalth.
However, ho accepted iho mission to
Front s, While at his post he went to. the
International exhibition in London, and
it has been related that in a company,
of whioh Disraeli was one. Bismarck
i Bhall shortly tie compelled to under*
take the presidency of the Prussian Government My first care will be tu reorganize the army with or without  the help of
j        COLOR   OF   WOMEN'S   EYES.
j The Merc Question of Pigment "Has Settled
Many it Man's 1 ale.
"Did yon ever notice that  men always
\ instinctively put conlideneein a girl with
I blue   oyes, and  have   their  suspicions of
! thc girl with   brilliant   black   ones,   and
■ will you kindly tell mo why" writes Lilian Hell in April Ladies' Home  Journal.
'Is it that the limpid  blue eye, transpar-
i out and   gentle,   suggests    all   tho  soft,
i womanly virtues, and because  he  thinks
j he can   see  throngh it,    clear  down into
; that bluo-eyed girl's soul, that  she is the
; kind of girl he fancies  she is':    I think it
I is, but some of the  greatest little  frauds
[ I know ,,ri the purry. kltteny  girls with
> big Innocent   blue eyes.    Blazing  black
eyes, anil    The  rich   warm   colors  which
dark-skinned women havi*  to wear suggest energy and  brilliance and no end   of
|  intellect.    Men look Into   sueh   eyes  and
seem not to be able to  see below the surface.     They  have nol   tho   pleasure  of a
long,     deep    gaze   Into    immeasurable
, depths    And so tiny think her designing
and clever,   and  perhaps  (God save  thc
murk ! i eve:;  Intellectual)   when  perhaps
she has a   wealth   of   love  and   devotion
and heroism stored  lip   behind  that  Impulsive   disposition   and   those  du,/ling
black eyes, whioh would do and dare more
in a minute   for some   man   she   hail set
thnt great heart of hers   upon, than your
cool-blooded,  tranquil   blonde  would   do
in forty years.    A mere  question   of pigment in the eye has settled many a man's
fate In life, and established  him  with a
wife who turned oul   to be very different
from the girl he fondly  thought  he was
(he diet With tho army plaoetl in a position to enforce respect I shall seize upon
the first pretext to declare war against
Austria, breaking up the Gorman fodern-
aliun. subjecting the minor states and
giving Germany national unity under
Prussia's guidance. 1 have come here to
toll tho Queen's Ministers."
Disraeli, It is said, remarked, 'Take
care ol that man, he mean*- what he
I have no doubt that Bismarck did say
this or something like it It- sounds like
him. Then I have some personal testimony
on this point, lu 1SV8, after the congress
of Berlin, 1 was a vordaut journalist
looking al out Buropu for something to
write ai out. Why not interview His
march 1 3 a-kod myself. N'o sooner asked
than dune, for I hastened to Berlin and
did interview the great German chancellor at his house In the Wilhelmstrasse,
How 1 secured an audience was told long
ago. so 1 may skip that, though I am
quite -ore that t ightuen yoars later and
with a better furnished mind I could
never huvo done what I men so gaily set
about. At any rate, ; Baw him and he
treated me most kindly, amused no
do.n t-;.: my nnconsi lout presumption in
seeking nn  nudienco     lie answered  my
eslione when he thought them suffl-
oiently sensible and p.:: the others by
with a frank courtesy and a smlh that
had no apparent sarcasm In ii
Whon ! s i\v IJlsmnrnt. he was fil years
old and wns a splo; dldly preserved, well
proportioned giant Howasnt the very
height of his power and seemed to hold
the dostlnias of Europe in the hollow ol
his hand. At the congress of Berlin he
had bad i.i- own way and had succeeded
in pleasing the representatlves of the other
powers—Bending, for instance. Disraeli
and Salisbury home to Kngland empty
handed, but half tiokled to doath **nnt
they had brought back "peace with
honor ' And so he continued for twelve
year*; longer and until the present emperor dismissed him from office with as
scant courtesy as at angry parvenu w< nJd
show  to an offundlng butler.
In recalling this-ad episode it is well
also to rum om her v hat the Hohen; oiler n
h< ise owe-, to Bismarck. When Bismarck
roturned from his Parle embassy in 18- .
to take the ministry under William I.
thai monarch was in what seemed tn him
Inextricable trcouble, The chamber had
refused to provide money for the army.
and without the army the king thong hi
there would surely be anarchy. When
BIsmartfk went to him ho found that the
king had written and signed his abdication, feeling that the only safety to tht
throne was in his leaving it.
Bismarck assured the monarch that he
was willing to manage matters without a
budget and the abdication was destroyed.
It was about this time that Bismarck won
the title ol "The man of blood and iron "
To the budget committee of the chamber
be Bald that the great questions of ihe
time wore not determined by speeches
or parliamentary majorities, "but by
blood and Iron." He brought about the
rcere/ania. turn of the army without a
budget and when opportunity arosi four
vents later, -till without a budget, he
saw tills army humble Austria nt the
battle of Sadowa. This battle won popularity for Bismarck for the lirst time and
thereafter the Prussian i hamber govt
him the budget lor the army,
After his dismiss.it tn 181-0 Bismarck
retired to Friedn-h-r :he. a > CBtatO given
to the prlnoo by the emperor after tho
War with Franco, This estate Of some-
Thing like J0.U0U acres is near to Hamburg and has continued to bo the ex-ohun-
col lor * homo. It has been described so
often by American cor.es) i ■ de: tfl tBat I
shall just now refrain, He has not left
there often. Oni e he WOllt to Austria to
Ihe weddu.g of his son, Herbert, and dur
lug that trip I hnve always thought Bis*
mail k ir .ado of himself the only sorry
spectacle iu his whole career. He quarreled with all existing things political,
a: <l exhll ited his sores to all who had the
ir.di lloaoy io express sympathy, I am
sure that at this time the strong man
was weakened by Hint ss and was not entirely responsible for the unwisdom of
his utterances, which were In away characteristic of him, for they no duubt expressed but what e felt at the time. Bnt
bluntness of criticism aud frankness nf
avowal are not the samo In a fallen man
as they are in ono in full power. Tho
next year he was very 111 in Blssingeu
and all the world was prepared tu hear
uf his dt ath. His Illness appealed to the
emperor, who made advances for a reconciliation. This was effected the next year
when Blsmarok) for the first time since
be left Berlin, In 1800, donned hll Uniform as a oUlraBflier and went to -visit the
Lmporor. Ho was greeted In the streets
of Berlin as a returned conqueror and
was unaffectedly pleased by all that hap
penett—Detroit Free Press.
The total of the police force in New
York (ity Dec. :q, 1801, wa* 3,4154, being au
Increase t»ver 1800 of 111*   ■• -—
Elurdettlnt! '-tee! Ity Gui.
The new process of hardening steel hy
gas appears to be making great headway
m Kranne. It is well known that gas, under great heat, deposits carbon in solid
form. Upon this depend its light effects,
und also the formation of the so-called
retort- graphites, a thti k covering of pure
oar hon on tho walls ofthe gaslight retorts, This deposit is loft hy the gas
which strikes tho retort walls. This fact
is the basis tif the. new invention, by
whioh steel armor plates are cemented
together. A very important matter in
the production nl' armor plates is to have
them comparatively soft Inside ami hard
outside. This hardening i- obtainable by
the application of earl on. Formerly the
precess of hardening consisted in covering the plates with layers of coal and
heating them till thoy glowed. Ln thu
new process two plat. 3 are put into a furnace one on top of tho other, with a hollow space between,     Hils  space is made
{ gas tight by means of asbestos packing
put around the edges, and the plates nre
j heated red-hot, while i> stream "of light
gas is poured into the hollow space The
carbon thrown oul by the gas is greedily
taken up by the glowing plates until they
I   are   thickly covered.     The  depth of  this
j  carbon  coveting en be  regulated   by the
j amount of gas admitted,    in order to so-
ure regular and   uniform   action during
I the prooosB, and to prevent the pipes thnt
carry the gas to the hollow space from
nbsorblng any of the carbon, they are
i >i lated In other pipes through which
water is eunstontly • irculal lug Stops arc
now being taken to apply this simple
and rapid carbonizing  process to  many
; ether branches of the steel industry.
The (   j i !'■-» i»|M .
1 ut   little  nddttii  ml  detail has  been
■ furnis'hod concerning tho wonderful
Invention  oi   thc   crypti icope  by   Prof.
j Salvionl. of the L'ntvarBhy of Perugia,
Hy means of this instrument Prof, Salvionl claims thai ho can actually see
the bones oI the living ■ ndy or hidden
oh,eets through the .. d of Roentgen rays,
The cryi * -''pe is simply a I luck cardboard tube, coated inside with a fluoro-
recent matter, such as barium plntino-
cyanide, ■ r - ilphote I calcium. At one
end is a lens, which enables the observer
to see tho liuoresceni surface, Tiie object
to he oxamint d is placed In the light of a
Crookos tube, and the observer looks
through the cryptosci pe from a suitable
distance. Un the fluorescent card board,
whirl: is excited by the Knuntgen rays
passing through tho object, the shadows
can be seen by thi eye as though they
were developed on a pin login] hfc plate.
', duplicate Instrument, mado and tested
f.i !:, me, Is BUld to have shown tho
bone* in the hands, the coins m a purse
or in the i lent bed hand. lhe essential
fact In the instrument Is the substitution
ol .i phos] horescoul or fluorescent screen
for tbe photographic plate, allowing the
rays will) h pass through tbe bo iy to fall
on ihe screen and ex< lie phosphorescence
in il according to their strength, Just as
they excite more or less chemical action in
the sensitive plate, if this Invention
turns out to bu all that is claimed for it,
it wili he ol I nil nl to value to medloal
men in tha; it will allow of immediate
Investigation Into the condition of a patient without thc undesirable delay which
follows nn having tu wail until the pho*
togran Is devt loped.
Tlir H..Hun.n. nnd Hi* Pipe,
The custom of smoking ll so prevalent
in Holland that a genuine Dutch boor.
Instead of describing distances between
places by miles or hours, will -ay a town
or hours is SO many pipe- away. Thus a
man may roach Deltl from Rotterdam in
lour pipes,  but-   if he   go  to    The   Hague.
he will consume sevi n pipes during the
journey, All Dutchmen of the lower
class, and hot a few in the higher walks
of lite, carry in tholr pockets all requisites b r smoking—an enormous box
holding at lofts! half a pound of tobftOCO,
a pipe of clay or Ivory (according to in
dt nation or means I, Instruments to
cleans) It, a pricker to remove oust rue*
tions from the stem,  a cover of brnsi to
prevent the sparks or a-hes from flying
about, and a bountiful supply of
matches. \ Dutchman In Holland without a pipe would he a mra avis and such
pipes I Some nf them are of nn antiquity
whioh entitles them to veneration, but
certainly not to respect, ami in monstrous
in size that us weapon-, nf offense nr defense they would certainly prove formidable.— NOW York Time-.
A I'm-i'* < unto tri i
In the March number of the Cambridge Magazine Miss Alice Longfellow
reveals a pleasant custom of her father,
which    illustrates his kindly and   goner-
otis disposition "Whenever be   saw in a
newspaper any pleasant notice of friends
or acquaintances, a review of a book, or
a subject In which they were Interested,
he cut It uut and kept tho scraps in an
envelope addressed to tho person, and
mailed them when several had accumulated."
I nferonce.
Garrulous Boarder—For ten years my
habits were as regular as clock work, 1
rose at the stroke of '■; half an hour later
1 sat down to breakfast: at 7 I was at
work, dined at 10, ate supper at 8, and
was in bed at D.80] ate only hearty food,
and wasn't ill a single day.
Sarcastic   Boarder — Dear   me I   And
i what wwre jou In fori1 (Awful fcHojieeJJ
Women Employ It us a Weapon *>f Offense
ami   Defense.
"The idea of making the hat pin a
weapon of defense tirst dawned upon me J
when I was in the Fast,'' says a bright-
Byed dame, who is always watching for a
shance to exploit California, climate,
morals and all.
"Of course, you all know that a worn-
in can't go about alone with any degree
of comfort when she gets away from
western chivalry. Well, as I wanted to
study art in Now York while 1 visited my
br< ther In Newark, I was obliged tu use
the suburban trains almost every day. 1
had a bookftil of unpleasant experiences
before I learned the magic power of that
simple little hat pin.
'Finally a man who was packed beside
me In a ear became simply unendurable.
I squeezed myself meekly up against the
window, giving mine enemy three-fourths
nf the seat. Gazing oul into the darkness
1 became positively depressed and lelt
like offering an apology to some; ody for
presuming to cumber the earth.
'Mine enemy made the mistake of encroaching still further upon my territory,
"It was ton much. My wrath blazed
up and I drew my hat-pin. 1 said not a I
word and did nothing to attract attention. Nevertheless that man was glad to
vacate my full share of that seat, end
perhaps a little mora. 1 held my weapon
in a position width Indicated to him ihe
boundary line, and I assure you ihat he
understood the insinuation and lef* me
In peace Kver since that day I have been
ns independent and self-respecting as a
Spanish senorita with a dagger in her
honi -oit. etc ''
This fiery little anecdote, told ever the
teacups, was followed by a perfect chorus
of stories of the uses of the hat-pin. The
pinking of locks, the oilloe of can-opener,
paper-cutter, insect-destroyer, these were
among the lesser things, A tale of the
repairing of a broken harness at a critical
juncture vied for second honors with the
history of the timely mending ol a lorn
sail.     First place  was   given, wlthoul   a
| dissenting voice, to the story of the hatpin as  a   modern   and   always  available
j weapon     of    defense. — San       Francisco
! Chronicle.
Cromwell's Clock.
Probably the oldest timepiece in the
country is the clock which complaoi ni ly
ticks away the bonis of the day and
nights In the building of the Phlladt Iphla
Library Company at Juniper and Locust
streets, Philadelphia, unquestionably first
and foremost in its collection of historical
relies. Bow many ol the daily visitors lo
the Philadelphia library stop tn read the
legend on the card which Informs them
that "this clock was made for ami belonged to * diver Cromwell, the protector, " or think of examining the two other
timepieces whioh ocoupy spaces in the
reading rcom of the library" Yet tlie
Cromwell clock has been part of the furniture of the Philadelphia library since
It was presented to 'I e company in I"!1!.
The remarkable feature ol this piece ol
meohanism Is thn: although fully 140
year- of age, it siiil keeps perfect time.
The Cromwell clock i- wonderfully well
preserved and runs with perfect regularity, It Is one of those old-fashioned timepieces which stand on t he lloor, wii h its
lace about half a foot above i be h a 1 of a
man of average height The face ;*• j lain,
polished brass, with a Bteel circle containing the hours In Koman figures. Tho
minute hand is perfectly plain bui tho
hour hand is ornamented by a sort of
-end! work. Thore Is really nothing i or-
ticulnrly remarkable al out Its workman*
ship or Its general B] pearanoe. its slyh is
familiar ro svery ne .<* thai i f the grai d-
fathor clock of ancient date, Its mechanism ts simple In the extreme, there ba«
ing but a few brass wheels, a weight suspended by a pie- o of twine, ami a pendulum* In very tine script letter- at the
bottom of the face, is tbe name ol Johannes Framantcch, London, who constructed the timepiece.
I'xpcrtmi ul With Unilted Salmon
Lasl year twenty.-six salmon, taught
after a freshet at a boom In thn Weser
River, near Ueynhausen, were marked iy
Introducing n numbered damp of the
kind used to fasten paper together In
the large tin on the ■ n *. Circulars were
then sent by tho German Fish Commissioner^ to all peopb- interested along the
river that those twenty six salmon had
boon returned to ihe river and In the
interest ol pisciculture It wc ula be desirable to know when, where and at what
weight the fleh were caught again. Until
recently hut two of ibe fish had be U
caught, one nf which had ascended the
nver fully seventy-flvu miles, while rhe
other wa- caught at a considerable dis
tnhoe below tho point where they were
lirst taken aid returned to the wet eh*
ment. Both of them had Increased in
weight nnd sire, the ropectWo data having been given to the r ish Commission-
ers    TWO weeks ago three of the Qflll wire
j caught together by one fisherman at the
mouth of the Wt-wr Klvor, where al this
season salmon will ascend the stream in
schools,    i Considering that   it  i* nearly
| a year ami a half slhco these hsh were re
turned to the rlvir it is certainly very
strange that three if them should he
found tOgethl r DOW*
t-li phnnlk' lim ror ul Hats,
That elephants are afraid of I'odentl
was conclusively demonstrated to-day at
iuirnuin t\ H.iiloy'- wlnler headquarters
at Bridgeport, in 'be presence of a tar
load ol New Vork newspaper men. and a
coupteof Vah profeisors Tin sixteen
huge pachyderms In the elephant barn
were ilrrt securely ohelned to prevent
tholr breaking loose, and then an attendant brought In a small rat tied by it-s
mil. at the' end of a   long string.     About
half the elephants exhibited Indlfferonoe,
while the remainder trumpeted ana
tugged at   their   chains   with   every oVi-
dem e of torror ns the rat win. successively
brought tu them. Home of the big cowards made efforts *(, ieHp m ii,0 n\r to
avoid contact with thn dreaded little rodent. In their fright they gave vein to
sounds of agon lied fright pitiful to hear.
Kvon after the rat wis killed by hying
acideulally stepped upon the elephants
were not quieted until the remains wwre
thrown out through a dunrwity. and then
tho frightened ones watched the door in
evident dread of its reappearance.— Pittsburg Ulspatoli,
Figuring on Avalnuchc Bnrra*y«
A French engineer has thought it
worth while to Oftlcttlatl the waste energy
of Ihe great avalanche of iiMiimi, in the
Alps, which fell hist September. He
makes It 1,400,000,000 tons, or, roughly.
throe times the same number of foot
Ions: thai l> so say lhe energy needed to
lift some 13,00U,900,000 tons a foot high.
Tho fall lasted a m-uute. and in that
llmo developed aboui a million horsepower. If the energy could have been
turned into electric current, it would
have fed DO,000 sixteen candle power in-
candescent lamps live n.ut$ a dw.duriojr
i u whule year.
lVlis TttUfflll That "The Love of GoodllCSI
Wns llu- Love of God."
In a number of letters written at long
and short Intervals from 1ST:* to l*i*v, by
Louisa M. Alcntt, to live little girls in
Allegheny Oonnty, Pennsylvania, the
author of "Little Women'' most charmingly and frankly discloses her extraordinary nature, and the missives, edited by
Edward W. liok, are given to the public
in April Ladles' Home Journal, In one
of the t end ores t of these letters, invoked
by:the ead informalton of the death of
oni of the Bisters Miss Alcntt wrote her
soirowing correspondent:
' ' ' 1 wili tell you my experience, and
as it has stood the test of youth and age,
health and sickness, joy and sorrow, poverty and wealth. I feel that it i- genuine,
null seem to get more light, warmth and
help as 1 go on learning more of it year by
ycfr. My parents never bound us to any
church, but (aught ns that the love m
goklness was the love of God, rhe cheerful doing of duty made life happy, and
•hit the love of one's neighbor tn its
weiesi sense was the best, help for one's
bbv. Their lives showed ns how lovely
this simple fnlth was, how much honor,
grUitude and affection It brought them,
anil what a tweet memory they left be-
hl id, for, though father still live-, his
lifp is ever, tu far as thnughl or useful-
nets are possible, Theodore Parker aud
Killph Waldo Kmorson dkl much to help
mt to see that ono can shape life best by
trying to build up n strong und noble
character, through good books, wise peo-
phl's society, an interest in all reforms
tint help the world, und a cheerful acceptance of whatever is inevitable; seeing a
bountiful compensation in what often
semis a great sacrifice, sorrow or loss,
anil believing always thai a wise, loving
mil just Father cares for us, sees our
weakness and is near to help if we call.
Hive you mad Kmersonl Hois culled a
Pimthcist or believer In Nature instead of
Gad, Ho was truly Christian, and saw
God in Nature, finding strength and
oont fori in the same sweet influences ot
thi great Mother as we'd as tho Father of
all 1, too. believe this, and when tired,
sailor tempted (md my best comfort in
lhe woods the sky. the healing solitude
Iiml lets my poor, weary soul find tho
relt, tho fresh hope or tho patience which
only God can give us. People used lo tell
mi' that when sorrow came I sh iuld find
my faith faulty because it had no name.
but they were wrong for wl en the heavy
loss of my dear, glftod suiter found mo
toi fe< ble i" do anv ujng but suffer passively. ! still had n- sustaining sense of
a bvi thai never failed,even when I could
mi- sei why this lovely life should end
wilt ■■ it was happiest;, As a poor, proud,
struggling giri 1 held to the belief that If
1 Ueserv.ed success it would surely come
so long as my ambition was nit. fnr sol-
fist, ends till lur my dear family, and it
did eome. far mure fully than I ever
hoped or dreamed, though youth, hoalth
anil many hope:- wenl to earn it. Now,
when I mlghi enjoy rest, ploasuru and
travel, I am si ill tied by neVv duties ro
mr baby, nnd give up my dreams, sure
that something b tter will bn given me
in time. Freedom was always my longing, bnt I have never had It, so I am
still trying to feci Cut this is tho discipline 1 need, and when I am ready the
liberty will ci me
Pre ven tf ok l'"r«izi i Willi r Pipe*,
Sir James Crlnhti u Browne has offered
a suggestion for the cure of I ro, en water
pipes. Speaking at :. congress ol plumbers, ho pointed oul that water pipes
would never burst If protected by a
vacuum. I n i hi expei I ments at the Royal
Institute up' n liquid air and liquid oxy-
gpn, Uuids wort dealt with ar a temperature of lbu degrees below frei King point.
VI such ■> temperature it would have
been Impossible to work with the fluids
under ordinary conditions, hut In tubes
or I oaki:- with vacuum jackets they
were handled with (ho utmost facility,
and poured from one to another without
dlflinu ty ■ inst thc temperature oould
not pass through thi vacuum. "Why,
asked Sir .James, "could not plumbers
invent ;, vacuum pipe; A space even an
eighth of an inch of a high vacuum
would be i- ,ih. nnt. Inclose the pipe to
ho protected in at. outer tube, exhaust
ihe air from the Intervening space, and
hermetically seal the inclosing tube at
thc ends,thon no > hnnges of temporuturo
could titTecl ibe protected splpo.*1 Criticising this f uggestion, a oorrespondenl
says the idea Is not new. as he suggested
It ten yours ago, He has done more; he
hat) nnd to utilize it, but found that as
lhe inner pipe Joust lie supported
throughout its length,those points of contact form conductors, A simpler plan, he
says, is to Inclose the pipe* in a bituminous cylinder, whioh, when slightly
w-.intoii. can be curved or bent, thus
adapting both tubes simultaneously to
any necessary curves, as well as affording belter facilities for Jointing and connecting.
Making Kmmimi in Case of The Kasy,
A Canadian engineer, -peaking of the
large number of fatal lire- which have
lately been recorded, says that those persistently recurring fatalities render legislative Interference Imperative tn enforce
tbo carrying out of n plan by which any
building used as a manufactory, hotel.
asylum, convent, oolloge, etc, may he
Immediately and simultaneously vacated
in case of a panic—in wit, ,i continuous
iron nailery, or balcony to eat h and every
000Uplod lloor above the first, un to this
lloor lhe Inmates shall he able to step nut
Instantly from every window, thus diving direct aeees-   from eaeli   story to one
or more stairways completely out off from
nil communication with the interior. This
plan has already been adopted extensively
thi out:hoot Canada in lhe const rue: Ion of
public building-. It is also seen In the
lately reconstructed theater at Antwerp,
Flanders, where each of Ihe live tiers of
hose- has been provided with a continuous outer iron balcony or gallery, surrounding the holding, with twenty-live
doors opening thereon from each door, fir
18b exits, 0X0lustVB of those at the ground
level In connection with tho orchestra
seats, the pit and the stage.
P%otographlitu ii Itatlel Punting Through
Pref. Boye has mane a beautiful series
of photographs <>f the Lee-.Metfurd bullet
as It passed through a one-fourth-inch
sheet of glass. A disk nf glass, one-half
the lllmaeter of lho bullet, which was
.303-lnoh caliber, was cut out of the
sheet by the air wave before tho bullet
touched it. AU around the hole thus
made, the glass was crushed into powder
aud driven backward. One picture
showed the glass clinging to the bullet
Tor some ttmo aft or it had passed
through, the disk being driven on lu
front of the air wave at tho point. Another photograph showed the remainder
ofthe glass sheet was intact after tbe
bullet had passed on for a distance of 0
inches. Whon the bullet had reached 16
inches further the abeet of glass broke
and foil to fileces.
fiten Injured More  by   Imprudence '
by (.'out in nous Labor.
A number of successful   business
were engaged   iu  a   most  animated j
versatiou In one  of the  rooms  of nm
town club t :e  other day.   whon  tiio i
vcrsatlon turned  on  a  newspaper pi
graph that   announced   With   greut|
pressiveness that a man   Known
the   civilized world  as a   brilliant w|
and humorist was dying   from ovc
Regrets were expressed at the  condjj
of one who was known to many me
of the (dull, and some comments were"!
dulgod in on the folly o! Working
to death.
A man of 06  or thereabouts broke
the conversation with tho remark:—
"1 don t   believe thnt   any   man
died  of legitimate  hard   work, aud \A
willing to back up my statement .igaf
anv reasonable   proof   that  may I
This naturally created a sensatSJ
and there were, very sharp criticisms 1
this man's position Bill he persist™
and gave his reasons, which were so vM
of common sense and logic that most'
the company woreoompelled to admit; 1
truth ol them.
Men du not   die   of   legitimate  woi
neither do they, as  a rule,   die of w
they dn during   business   hours,     If
man would leave his office ami gu quiet
home   to rest or to  reasnnal lo  rocren&ifj
ho   would   not   be   likely   to   sufferi
health.  But he does not do this,  Jlegq
out of his office to  the  club, to the'
Hard room,   tn   [Ik;   saloon,   the  gamll
house  ur  other  occupations   or   am ml
ments even less reputable.
Many a man  rushes through  his bul
ness, simply that  ho  may  tot  aw.iy ~
plunge  into  excesses   of   various   sorl
There may bo instances In   'which a col
plicated  business,   handicapped  by  |J
of mentis to carry Lt on in  a com tor tal™
smooth fashion, may   wear  on  a maul
mind   during   his   waking  and  sleep)ij
hour-, and eventually   undermine his \
tal ity.    Hut this is nut   legitimate  bul
ness. No man has a right to work againiR
such desperate odds,   it is much better *J
begin nn a smaller  scale,   tu adapt  one
hopes to the means a;   hand and   roniv
her that vital force Is  too  valuable to^
squandered in   straining   fnr  tne  ahm|
Straightforward   ooinmerlal    tranj
lions,   unattended   With   the    01
risks that many men  take, are hoalthfij
and rarely bring bad results.     Indeed,
things  being  equal,    it   is   not   buslnsl
worry that kills,   except  as  a   man   llfq
the bunion of business  worry  on  slum
ders weakened   by   excesses,   dissipation?]
and unwarranted Indulgences.
If men would attribute  their ill-heal*]
to its  just, cause and  would  he  hone-l
with themselves and  the  world,   in  tip
majority of cases thev  would   be  forcX
tu admit that It is  outside   matters  tha
oause iho   drain   on   their   systems and
eventually i ring them  to  broken healtl
and slum- tvd  lnti Hoots,    The  man whj
bus something to conceal, who has unwa
ranted   business   or  domestic  a Hairs
look after, matters about  which ha m
lie perpetually on the qui vlve, lost sonfl
one should detect  him, is tho  man
nine *ime-- out of ten,   will   break   d
and this dissipation is almost  InvariaU
charged to overwork in businoss,
"Poor   fellow  he   was  so devoted
business   that   ho  were  himself   out
it," Is tho verdict, r.tld il more un ..si a
unwarranted one it.  would  be dlllioult I
render. — New Vnrk Lddger,
\   Motor io  Keduee : ir   Lit bur un
Hewing maohlues are usually driven lil
a treadle to which one or both  of Lhe fee
may be applied.    This answers very well
for tht    -;itching   of  exceptionally  stoul
materials, and for tho purposes of vario.il
machines driven with  tbe  foot  hy men|
such ns turners or printers, bul   for ave
age sowing work it lias  the  drawback <
requiring  moro < tTort than   is necessar^i
The BXtra fatigue caused  in this way Is i
serious consideration  in  the case of  I'd
males employed all day long  at   the ma-l
ohii o. A modified troadlo has been lntro|
duoed by which ihe  labor  of tho worke
will bo greatly  economized  without unjj
sacriflci   of   efllclenoy.     The   ordinary
treadle is  horizontal when  at rest,   anv
has to be   forcibly   depressed   by the fo
in order to turn a flywheel by means of
crank.    In tbe new system  the  (lywheel
and crank   aro   retained,   but   the   hurll
ZOntal treadle   Is   replaced   by  a   vertical
one. which is hinged to the under side of
the table on which ttie machine rests, any
hangs down almost to the  tloor, where i
ends in   a   horizontal   platform   fur  tlJ
font,    The worker's lout is not moved ul
and down to drive the  machine by prqsaj
ing   ihe treadle, but produces  the
effect with less   labor by a  gentle swtnj
ing of the  foot   backward   and forward]
The mu sol us  ohiotly employed   are iheT
flexors aud  extensors   nf  the   knee .i'dntfl
and the weight of tho foot and lug is BUp*f
ported by tha platform   on which Hie food
rests.    One nf the most prominent points]
in the now motor is   that In  operating if
tho continual  movements of the thigh,!
Inevitable under the present system, is sot
diminished as to   he  hardly   perceptible.
SuumstrOBSQB, who sit all day at the machine. Und that tho to-and-from movement of the foot is much   loss exhausting 1
than the old alternate upward and down-\
wurd movement,
[ teeirieiil Drylngof rYult.
Fruit dryers are turning their attention to olootrlo  heating, whioh  promisi
tn develop  Into a most   important add 1-1
linn rn their resources.     Freshly gathered J
fruit must    bo dried before   lt Is   parked
The proooHS-   though  apparently  simple)
necessitates great   care, and  If  the i«m«
peraturo is  nut    regulated   to a  nlooty,|
there Is grunt danger of  the  fruit being
damage I. Largo doing rooms are goner-1
ally heated by steam, but In   the smaller
drying factories this system Is not always |
practicable,    Fuel, moreover, Is of ton expensive, and water power, In parts whera
frilll nourishes, Is usually abundant.    In \]
suuh situations electric heating could ho
usotl with advantage.    The perfect   regulation allows  of  any  temperature  being '
obtained,  and,   what  is  of  great conse-
quohec, In many sueh installations, nrac-
tloully no attention   would   be required.!
The eleotrloal plant could also be used fori
lighting, and a   few  motors   to  aid [the '
packing could easily   ho laid down.    The>
gain mode by the shipment of 'argues uf
sound fruit would   far  more than cover
the cost   of running  tho  necessary  machinery.
A London (.'hurlty.
A useful little charity, eullod the London SptoObaole Mission, distributes spectacles to poor needle women and other
deserving persons dependent on their eyesight for their living. Seven hundred and
twenty six applicants were provided with
spectacles last year, against IMS ln 1KP4,
and 381 in 18DU. This work Is done for a
very small expenditure, the total im om*.
of too SOOioty being ouly just   ivvir  UUtf» NAPOLEON OF AFIUCA
Br Has Humbled Italy and Destroyoil un
Army—His Dream to establish tho Ancient Kthinpfan Km pi re la All lw Power
and Glory j
Tho rout of the Italian forces «at
Adow;', ono of the few serious military
disasters of recent yoars, bus served to
bring Into conspicuous and sudden publicity one of tho most remarkable native
potentate-; that Africa has produced since
the tin.o (iI' Raiiieesirtho (stoat of K&pl;,
It also points with startling directness
to lh>3 hitherto unrecognised progress
whioh modern civilization bus mude in
ono of the little known, and, supposedly,
darkest regions of the earth.
Tho, to the Italians, terrible discovery
that an army, drilled, disciplined ami
armed with the deadliest nrstis of modern
warfare bus their march of conquest,
come-, with no less force to the othur nations of Kuropo, Sot only Mcnelek, but
Abyssinia, must bo recognized hereafter
as a military power to be respected nnd
no longer to bo regarded n:s a more tribal
federation armed and ofticored as other
Bemi-hnrbnrian arml03,
Wheu. a quarter of a century ago,
Abysslnl i emorgod into what may bo
termed cho sidelight of nineteenth century knowledge after hundreds of years
ol obscurity and nog lout, sho inspired no
hope for a future, no element ot rospoot
anion;!: the powers ot Kuropo. Thu character of tho reigning monarch, tho prim-
tive social condition of the people nnd tho
savage fanaticism of her priesthood only
deoponed this impression as tho country
became better known through tho conquest of British arms.
In 187:3 Kossat, who was afterward
orownod King John, of Abyssinia, defeated In n great and decisive battle noar
the now fatal spot of Adowa, Gobazie,
Prince of Ambara, a tribal ruler of limited sway. At Axuni un tho -1st of January, LS72, there was celebrated tho cor-
onatioiv of the victorious ffussal, with
barbaric splendor of two weeks' duration,
It was under tlm rule of this wretohod
potentate that the civilized grow to know
morn of tho country over which ho exor-
(Used sway. A more unworthy conductor uf u nation into tho courts of civilization nevor wove tho purple.    Colonel
"Ohluo3Q rdon in 1881 thus  wrote of
King John —
"Ho never smiles, novor looks you In
the face and has a most ungovernable
rem por, Ho cuts off lho lips of those who
uao tub neon, and cuts off the noses of all
those who use snuff.    Ho detoots tho n.is
ol tobacco In any fotm. By means of tor-
sure he has converted 100,000 Mohauicd-
ans to the 1 hrJstian rolfgUiu. His favor-
ite method Is to pour boiling tallow into
the eyes md ears of his victims. !!" Is of
a fanatical disposition, himself latin.'.
and hated by all who come ill contact
with him,"
This was tho prod icessor of Monelek,
who within a month has sprung Into
contemporaneous history as the "Napol-
eon of Africa." His reign wus ono almost unending succession of wars tnd
bloodshed. He was u slave of sttpei •' I
r,iun, oue uf his weird peculiarities being
that h •■ would never go Into battle unless
ono of his four favorite lions was led In
advance of him.
Monelek 11. came to the throne In ISSfl
on fcllO death of King John, if; was
Prlnoe of Shan and was the fathor In law
of King John*" sun. Ills daughter, I'rin
chss Marie, was married to Has Area
Selassie, sun of King John, in March,
188S, Through all the preceding yeura
Meno!ok of Shoa had beon a sullen opponent of the advance of King John's territorial limits, Tho union of their children
did not harmonize thom to any extent,
for six years later tna Crown Prluoe died
suddenly, aud It ts supposed that he was
Tha nuptial faith Itles of Monelek'e
daughter lasted, with feastlug,gam is and
hunting parties, for two week-. Thu
Shoa dynasty, ol which Meuelek Is tha
bead, minis tu be the oldes royal hotisn
in oxli tence, with au unbroken !or ienl
from King Hnlomon of tho Court of Joru-
■alom and the Queen of Hheba, On the
marriage of Princess Marie she received
the most precious heirloom In tho posse*
sion of her father, Monelek, n massive
gnlluii diadem, enriched with tWOlVO
huge rubles, This, It \* claimed, was
onoe the proporty of King Solomou thn
Wise, who bestowed it on the Queen of
Sbebn, or Shoa, when she left Jerusalem,
it has been thu dream of MeueJek ll.
to restore the ancient limits of his country from Lake Xynns.i i>- Khartoum, Including all ai the Galla Country. His am-
bHhm la to co-establish tho kingdom o(
Ethiopia as It was in the day- when tho
Queen of Sheba, hearing uf all ai the glories uf tlte court of Jerusalem, visited
King Solomon with a train of surpassing
Holiness and wealth, the choicest gifts of
hor native land,
"Willi this in view, shortly after his oo-
cession* to the throne, he Issued his ta
inotiM letter tu the rulers of Kuropo,
warning thom to keep hands oft". In that
letter of October, 1801, in which he
signed himself as the "Jdun   Conqueror
of thi» Tribe of   JutUh,  Monelek,   Chosen
of (hid, King of Kings, of Ethiopia," he
declared, with a directness of language
that surprised the Knropenn powers, that
"1 do not propose to he an Indifferent
Spectator while foreign powers aro dividing A felon among t hem selves," ami then
he concludes with an earnest hope "that
Jjbui Christ will dispose tho hearts of
Europeans so that they will ho reasonable
and stay away.'' The Italians wore un
roasima'du and would not stay away, aud
tho result was tho .slaughter at A down,
Nenuluk II., as Stated above, U tho sua
of a botfgur woman to whom  his father
Haalon, tonic a fancy. .Sho still lives in
groat honor as the mother uf tho most
powerful monarch In Africa. Sho wus
never raised to royal rank, hut Monelek
has loaded hor with honors and titles
innumerable. But it is to his wife th is
Mcnelek owes much of his peasant great-
Queen Taifcou, •Tho Light of Ethiopia," Is, if current history is correct,a (It.
successor to the throne of tho Quoou uf
Sheb.v She was a princess by birth, whon
j Menelek married, hor, an£ born of a race
ofLlngs, Site lunerfts nor. only linpurial
manners, but warlike instincts, sho is
the Sum Irani Is ut Africa, Hor m irrlage
W Munolck was a lovo mat th, and over
since then she has been thu power behind
tte tntsm*,
in overy engagement with the Invader,
Queen Tal to u has remained un tho oul
skirt.-, of the battlefield, or seated on i nu I
oonveuionl height in thu rear of her Iiuh-
bund'- inuv ihe has w it died the ihh imi
How of the battle tide, liiuropouna wh i
huvo vi - it »il her say that, despite her ago
—she is past 15—she Is still .i h in Lsoiue
woman of groat ititelligenco, Hor can
tact, limited though it bo, with tho outside v" ir! i bus developed tn hor u tasto
for ICuropean clothes and Kurop.un luxuries, among tho latter being uhumpagne
of thu finest brands
Monelek enters Into no rompact, signs
no decree, farms no alliances without
the consent of his royal spouso. She is
onormuusly wealthy, and when on State
occasions she •Ui.:.i her royal cobos l! is
said that they fairly glitter with gems
and prociouH stones. Shu is the possessor
of tho finest rubles In the world, while
her wardrobe of cloth of gol:f, In the
manufacture of which tho Shoatis aro
specially expert, is suid to hoof surpassing richness and beauty. K.v.oapt when
receiving distinguished visitors, or upon
ono of the f«w State occasions, sho never
wears her robes of oltlce, but invariably
dressos In Ethiopian costume.
Metioluk II. Is descrlhad as ti man nf
ordinary height with heavy beard and
mustache, liis frame is what would hu
culled "sturdy. " He hi possessed of great
porsonnl bravery, and in battle takos hii
chances with his commander-in-chief,
lu his own country Im is known as Abba
Danla, or Just Father, and ho Is hold in
nigh esteem both because of his noble
qualities and distinguished liuongo, He
has a largo share in tho Oriental attuning
in diplomacy .is diowu lu numerous instances in his Intercourse witji the Italians.
During the lirst year of his reign ho negotiated u treaty with tho Italians, by
vhvn hi.-, euuntry became .in Ltalinu protectorate, Ir. i.s becouso, as ho olalius,
that the Italians havo not only violated
that treaty, but tampered with Us text,
that be has engaged In hostilitlon with
them. Ho declares that the treaty of 188!)
is nut In thu form In whl -li ho approved
Lt originally, and hence bus followed thu
jortes ..: mthreaks betwunn ins army and
thu fori :.-■] occupants if Mossowah,
Monelek ■!. has bsen an ardent advocate .i, tho Introduction ot Kuropo m civ-
i);.- ii Ion Inl i A yjsluln. To set un example to tils pooplu lie learned tha trad of
cloakmnklng from an European Instr ; >•
tor. li.' to 11; lessons In gunnery and can
put together any weapon used by hi.-i
army. His total available forces constat
ol H .") I men, oi which fully u ■ half
Is irmod with repeating rlflus, rilled cannon anil tho : i trattloilKO In the m ip
prove 1 Kur >■■■ mn fashion, Metioluk bus
id- own powder fut torles, tnd within tie*
pnsl threo yoars a gun factory has been
Adowa, tho scone of the recotit defeat
of the Italians, is a .-.mull town behind i
row it sugar loaf mountains, Tho road
to the place is difficult to traverse and
winds lit ami uut of tho mountains often
dnng rously narrow and skirting tho
edge n, groat preo.plcos. The placo i.s
.slowly g dng to ruin, and will lib dy
never lw rebuilt.
Tho houses are all of ono story, there
being only ono tw i story lw dlltig, . sort
of palace, in tho place, There ate two imposing native churches, ono called the
Trinity, the other named after tur
Hav lour, lioth have thatched runt's, hut
above tiiaso rise a glided dome surmounted by a glittering cross,
The Abyssinians urn Christians, their
form uf worship being olosaly allied to
that of tho Greek Churoh. For centuries
Abyssinia bus been i sort ol Christian
oasis in the great desert if African Paganism nnd darkness, Last vear Monelek
sent u mlssl m 'ii St, fotorsburg ta ex
press to tho i ;ar of Kussltt the foellng of
sympathy In devotion existing hut .v i in
tho Church of Abyssinia aud tlm Graok
Orthodox Church, The delegation was
warmly received, and it Is owing to thle
nttlnlty in rollglon thai ttussla views
with expressed annoyance tha ampaign
of Italy. Thu decoration if Km pur or
Menolok by tho <"/ n- Is an a ;pr ission of
sympathy for Abyssinhi Mint, Kuropo will
l) well to !: >ed
Tho floods of the Tiber In winter c/irry
; averythtug bef ir 11 hem. The most sub
j itnutial wharves and docks have beon
j sarrled away by tli„i mere forcu of the
l water.
, the nv-i"-. mju-
ii > nam ■ fr nu
Lei ioular au
.iii. < liuiiihorluln nel tin- ii  ,li.
N*ow 11 so happens  that   Mr.  L'hutnber-
lain tu tho '■ ohmlal OiHce i • very far :'i nn
being a person i grata with i vory Inllueii-
I il •! imeiil di the g iv iruliig boilius il all
thc great dopendencies. It niaj tint alto-
jother bo n dlsadvan ige that Mr. Cham
berlain should have It Iranie hi upon him
by his experience of   lolonhtl adiiiluUtm-
ion thai mil II the Irish aro pai ; : ■ I lie
Kmplrc can never bo united Irishmen
ml tide  Irel m 1 ure far more   Influential
ban In their own native country Fhey
iru nol to pow irlul, I  is true, iu the licit.-
ih ilopl m as hi I ho I lilted -~* i1 •■■ but
iherc Is not i town in any pari of the
ivorhl under the Union .luck wbero tb«ro
snot ti section of nie.i who are dthor
Irish born ir of Irish descent, Th ■*• in iu
would be! ■.-, than human If thoy w ■ ■ to
nuke the path nf Joseph i hamberlaln
imooth, The temptation will a I mosl be
jvorwhelniltig to do [unt the ipposlte.
I'h" Lrutotiists may trample upon tlte I; ;-.h
s'.-uiouui movement ut home, but the sous,
;ho brothers and the fricuds ta' IrUhmcu
tbroad will pay them out ;is besl they can
-vhen their tune comes, If Mr, Chamber*
all) Is to hind the Empire together, and to
irlug the colouies Into a closer union with
ihe mother country, he will timl that in
wme way or other he must propitiate tbo
Irish, tt is possible that In this ho may
bid an ally In the one colonial statesman
whose fume i-^ of Imperial dimensions.—
Prom "The night Hon. Joseph Chamber*
ain : a Character Sketch,*' hi tho Bebru*
uv Review of He views.
The I'rnet ice OUgtlt (0 lie   llililr-d.
A good story is told of an advertising
lolloltor who i, employed on a thriving
•uuntry weekly. Ho had become so ac
tuitoiued to Inserting iu tho edit tract
mat tho prloo of the advertisement
mould be taken out in trade, that whon
tho vIIInge undertaker agreed to enter
Into a oontrnot lor a year, thu .solicitor
absent-mindedly wrote In the usual
olauie, Ho did not discover bis blunder
until ROlue time after, and the editor ,d'
tho  weekly    is    now   wondering   which
member of ins family or editorial stall
will bo able   to   balance   thn  ■> *
Syracuse (N, Y. ) l*osu
Thc .I"!"'! of the Ni
tiottc ! in history,    i'
ItB -ihapo, bearing In' fhH particular au
.-vi t :■ ■ .' u'i. ■■u " to-She i^',"^ i",!';i"
Deli -j oi [}.
Tho t'nragmiy Ktver, ao called from the
republic if thu same mime on it.- bauk^,
i-, ;,'i." miles in length. At points In ItS
lower com m iii? from five to tlfteeu miley
T'lie ietigl it il the I ingo is believed to
exce id 'J '0 miles, and tl drains an urea
of 300,OM [mire mlltH In Its lower c mrsu
It Is I '■■ | -u;i; mot ■ thau Ave miles in
Th ■ riv ■:■- if th ■ "0 il i Coast," ,:: WVsl
Africa, ar ■ ri :i in gold. !''■»: 1,000 miles
easl an i ■■ ■ d : ;■ un A - liantee every :; ■ or >
banks yield gold   ti  Ljrcater o: les-i [tun-
The value of prot »ctlv * works for : h I
banks ol rivet's ^ '- known I i the 1! mi.i.iv'
,i i .:v, ■ si retch ol th i Tiber, iu It mie,
above and below thai city, \-.'- proi iot -l
by rove: t tug tho batik -.
( uiiil ng i a ■ M;-.-' -- ;iu; im i MUsouri
as one -^ ream, i ho : dal I ■.•._;■ \\ ol this
gr Mi inlatid o Can i- ovor *». I) m ! ■-.
L'ousidered separately tho Mississippi is
11,310 miles and the Missouri '• . "T.
The Danube Hows through countries in
which fifty-two languages md dhilec -. tr*
spoken. i! Is ^,000 nub-- in length md
bears ou its current four-fifths o the rummer -■ of ICasterti Kurope.
Tho Brahmapootra, from whose hanks
came the fowls that were so popular iu
this country n number of yt'.iv- ago, is
'. "i'1- miles in length. Ii Is **ii tl that cv sry
variety of precious stone has boon fouud
in the saud of it ■» b •■!
The rivers of the Emerald Isle have
geuerall ■■■ a dark color, owing to the fact
that most uf them, at some put ut in their
course, How through pec marshes or
beds, which Impart u dark hue t.. the
The Rio Grande del Norte, between
Texas au I Mexico, i- I.S00 miles long, but
in many places during a dry season oau
easily be forded by fuotmeti. The ttio
Grande de Satituigo, <4 Mexico, is l,:i59
miles in length.
Tho To. in North Italy, is 3tW miles in
length. Thc deposits ur its mouth have
caused tho coast to gain upon the sea so
rapidly that a point which iu the time of
Augustus was ti seaport town i.s now
eighteen miles ft* mi the Adriatic
There tire t liree rivers known as C dor-
ad t. The first is in Ctah and Arizona
and i- 1,9 10 miles long; the second is a
river of Texas, 000 miles lu length; tha
third i-. iu the Argentine Kepuhlh in
Soul h America, nud is 410 mil ■■* long
I he :!■ ■ v [Matte during tho summer is
1 -.' ilong i he greater portion of its cot rsu,
'. lie wate   rutin und irgr it u I,  only nu oi -
isionnl i iol uppen 'lug ou ! li • surface.
By digging nl nosl anywhere In its course
;« supply of i esh, co il water ni ty b i ob-
' i it ■■!
Am   . nn appendix to his heart.
: • - ire our wings, - irrows are ■ tr
A blith ■ hoarl mak • i a bl i lining vis
A lie must bo thatched with another or
it will soon rain through.
The great se :rol of life .■< neve:' to be i:i
the way of others,
Such is the posle love composes, ;i st ing-
ingnettle mixed with roses.
ts not tight grander than (Ire : It is the
same clemout in u state of purity.
Knowledge of all avails tiie human kind;
■ iv nil beyond the grave ure joys uf mind.
Liberality does nol consist so much In
givlngagrc.it deal us iu giving seasonably.
Ho who always* prefaces hi- tale with
! i tghter ;■> poised betweou Impertiueuca
and folly.
The game of ]'■(■■ looks cheerful when
one carries in one's heart the unalienable
Joy descends gently upon us like tha
evening dew, und does not patter down
like a hall si inn.
As 'ii • c infusion of I mgii •-. wns a murk
of separation, so the being of ono language
i- u murk if union
Vou may as well ga about to turn tie:
sun to ice by fanniug iu in*, face with a
p -a ■ > '*. * f father.
We paint : ive as n dtil I v hen lie should
-i t _. i ni in his clouds the great disturbing »pirii ofthe world,
They pass ie--' over ihe world who trip
over ■ | ifcklj. for Lt is b .: ,i bog - if h .;
stop wc dlllt.
Law Is the science in which the greatest
powers uf tho understanding are applied
to tho greatest number of facts,
Were we us olorinout as angels, yet
-ii nt Id ii c please » uue men and som *
women much more by ttstoulna thau I ■■
talk ng
The discovery of what Is true, and the
practice of that whl -h Is good, are tho two
tuosi Imp irtaut obj ■■: - of philosophy.
Mental pleasures never clog; unlike
those 'it : ho body, i Ii *y arc 1 tier ens od by
repel Ition, apprnved ul hy r ihVci Ion, aud
-' i* uigt h 'tied te, -u'i'. tneiit.
Tho heart keeps Its pla o as an ornament.
Thore Is a return to bangles sharply cut
and thin
The ever popular wreath now but-
mounts hairpins of gold and shell.
Tho Mercury wings ure now introduced
In jewels and feathers for the hair.
The most beautiful rings nud omiiv
meiits of the seusou are in opals aud diamonds.
Things nautical die hard. An umbrella
uumlle wrapped In silver cbrdage Is new
Marqulso rings are now three Inches
long. Thoy are evidently intended only
for idle bauds,
A number of now swords nre seen with
hilts of perforated gilt thai aro conspicuously ornamental,
The battle axes of porfur.ited gilt with ;i
gemot the .summit are pretty aud loss
frequent than the sword,
Painted circular brooches set In stones,
turquoise aud tfhunoud, ruby, poarl ami
diamond aro the prettiest thing- to bo
Boen. Similar brooches have Ualiau work
in gold, and arc only less desirable.
The latest variety of nuirquiso ring, Instead of having the center progression of
graded stones in ooloc, has oue large ceu-
tral sapphire, emerald or ruby, and tho
rest of tho setting in diamonds,—Jewelers'
With Ft nam fro ni i>r Lace.
Wo illustrate a pleasing design far reception dross, with t-Mgaro fronts of iaoe.
Tho back of tho bodice U drawn together
at the waist in a few folds; front of bodice and lining tiaoh fastened separately
with hooks ,md eyos. Stuff t white cheviot) arranged plain at neck-opening end
seam in   shoulder,   and   falling  In  loose
pleats  at  tho waist;
part-i i Inches wide,
the   straight  stuH
being   laid Iu  five
1 .'  ^OT,v, \ \
small box pleats, each fastened down
witn very narrow woolen gimp, sn that i
pleated chnmisotfee Is mado. Jacket fronts
sot- into scums un shouldais and undo;'
arms, and made uf laco < Venetian pointi
20 inches long sewn out in :i point, so
that tho front edge Is lv" ■ Inehna Inng.th
lower one s inches lomr. Half-lencth
sleeves sown In several times nt olbow:
square cuff -.': j Inches long trimmed
with fancy braid. Stand-up cnlar of chine
ribbon with laco points In fruit; wing
bow at tin* r-bin of thn same ribbon.
Small mothor-o'-pearl buttons. Plain
skirt with folded ribbon walstbun I ending in the double row at the back.
■£-: i
id Shades i
i S S O RIE S.
>V\v Drslittifl and Shinies In Gl«
Ties, ^;::. Skirts, ParasntH ami Kuns.
Accessories ot the spring toilettes ure.
according to thu costumor nnd her cor
root ly -gowned put run-, un i --s Lui por
tant than tho toilettes themselves.
i lluv 's uvc, perhaps, tho must impor-
tant Item for consideration among thus:.*
who aim to bo constantly well !-■ - U,
and th • nowost stylos offer Bomo Interesting variations. Tho mistake should
not ba mndo this spring of getting om .-
gloves to match tho gown, whothur for
street or house wear, instead tho b'ronch
style Is in vogno of wearing gl ivos of a
contrasting hue, und some vet-y siriking
combinations uro [ired t sd. Tan i. i mi -
im* hack Into favor, and tuny bo worn
with uny I'd ir gown, though it will not
bo considered ro fashionable as i brilliant now si; i-i ■ of light yellow which
is i miblue I with ho ivy blui :..-:. di .:
for itreet wear White and pearl diadcd
uro still popular
Tin' quostl ui of neckwear is engrossing tho attention ol every woman who
i*< planning hor sumiiier wardrobe. Kur
almo-t all of her light gowns she u de-
slgulug fichus, for tho revival of this
pretty htylo is recognlzod us universally
becoming. The lilmy ntl'uir ol whl «
mull with tho frilled border of lace has
the advantage that it, may bn worn with
any style of gown. Embroidered chiffon
is a delicate and pretty material fur a
fichu, and of course tho Madras linen Is
used fur this purpose, a* also foe thu
broad sailor collars that havo failed to
drop out of sight among tho fashions of
a Biimmor ag
{fashions In ti •-.must bo more rigorously observed than ovor, and are practically limited to tho four-in-hand ami the
stuck. With the ordinary shin waist
the simple narrow black stock will be
gouorally worn though the stunning
bvond white satiu ones will appeal to
many tastes.
Belts for summer costumes are for the
most part elaborata affairs wrought lu
spangles und jowols. They hrightou up
the light summer gowns verv effectively
How N'uture's Girts Maybe ISrought to a
Hatter Devfllopment,
Ruth Ashmnru writes of 'Thn Ugly
Duckling,1 a most praotlcal-and useful
article, in April Ladles' Home Journal,
and presents tho helps here given to good
"The American constitution cannot
stand the oold bath Into which the English woman plunges winter iwid summer,
anil Ua which sh« owes, as far 03 oom-
pToxtdh i'j pCJ39a£ued, much of bur ftequiy
Do not ho afraid ta out s'ffa^ on yutTc
laco; TIM plenty of it, und wash it otl
well, first With warm und then with oold
water. This soup bath given to tho fane
will make you feel and look 3Weee and
' v'i^u: if possible, In a oolu room, but
do not sleep cold. By this I moan that
while tin: nit in your room should ho cold
and i lar, y iu Bhoul f have plenty of covers ovor you, und if you wish your skin
to ho beautiful you should never goto
bed with cold feet. A woman's hands
ought t'i bo beautiful, but n beautiful
haud Is not nf necessity, \ chubby hand,
nur a dim] l id ti ir i fat hand, bur it is a
white han I, n «lean land and n tender
hand, Hedness ol th i hands is niton duo
to bodices that aro ight, sleeves thnr
catch you at the arm holes, nr aro too
close-llttlug at the wrists A simple but
Kuoii troatmont for red hands consists iu
bathing thom every niiihi in hoi water,
using : i" this purpoa • plenty of fjood .-oii]>
nnd ,: nail-brush; after ilns hath dry
thorn on a soft towel, and then rub in
sumo simple emollient— 'old rrenm or
mutton tallow will answer—but whatever
you use m ist bo soft; if ne essnry, melt
It bo that what is put on th" bunds can
bo rubbed in gently, Thon tako a pair of
loose gloves, very loose, cut off the linger tips, slip them over tho greased hands
und sleep In them. In tho morning give
the hands u soap und water bath, hitting
sod be topld, and then rinse
with cup! water, so that they
lo firm and not sensitive to
. I^earn to walk well. When I
well1 I la nnj mean walk
yoUr young, rlender body lend
Beveral of The*oStartling A rtlclosof A tl im
Have -fnii Iloen Sent Over Frnm Paris,
New Vut-k women  aro  wearing bluok
tullo nightgowns,
Thore urn halt a dozen of tho ntiw garments in town to-day. To-morrow merchants will havo orders tor fifty or a hundred more—owing to Too World's Bnter
prise in telling women the very latest
news about fashions, Beforo accei ting
tho orders morohnnts will do well io
nink-j u ';u:'nf',!! 3t,udy of the excellent picture »ore preseuted ami <»f the full do-
BcriDtlon which accompanies it, Vox the
black nightgowns worn in New Vork
have nol beeu jnu'ts In this city but in a
great establishment in Paris, atul they
wor" sunt to America for the adornment
uf rli a w mien und Ihe Inspection of
World artists and fashion writers.
The night-robe here shown wiw iu istly
exhibited on a statue. The material in
blaek tulle, and is so made up as to show
tho soft graceful folds 'bur uro possible
otilv ta such n delicate and dlaphunoits
ful rl
A ' p  rolling  nollar  which   forms   i
^ ..: tho nei It Is edged hy a frill ut rich
b'ack laco and is il ready rjcognlzed by
clover iv mien w i most becoming at
ran^omonl for u plump white throat,
b'olds of t lie sw lep i iss tho fro it ol
thu g iwn, whilo tho material Is brought
up at tho left side hem itli tho :oliar aud
caught by u wide how of iream-whlte
gauze ribbon    From this  the tullo  falls
the water ;
tin' soap Ot:
mnv bo mn
the cold ah
suv*  'walk
srjllly.  Let
itself ta  tho  movement   of the foot, and
though you must hold your
will present tho appej
one who has be ti b
board, hut uf .1 hoalt
cabined In her < lothos,
erly and walking ii: t;
lie id up yuti
not of sumo
\ on i bank-
!, not closely
isud prop*
< Imiijrr^ :., |-mxli-th < (Mintry 1 -in*.
A North British nueiist a-iks: '*Are
there mllklads in Kngland?" And he is
right, of course, in objecting tu such a
term. Uut tho j.:'-' in reminds ono that
tho mi Kii ..; I. u feal ir i as :u i '• of Knglish pu . ■.* ti ■ ;' I^iigllah country,life, is
all but ex itiet Ijungagoshs had given
plat .■ : ) tho in n, wli i -t :'.i doos most of
the milk ns. lint h • In turn has given
way, t j m«i hlmry! •*. muchi b is now in
u o hy whl ih I. :. . <;■■■■ . mi bj milked Iu
ten mi : is the Graphic, In nntument-
Ing u; n It says: ■ the i lilkmaid' ir
three uuied"; evldcrtly uuc tisi ions that
she hn 1 t idy de] ar 'd, ''I'm going a-
mil :ln : . di ' -!:■!:' will . ■<■; n note
of ■ cphwi    ion for tho next  g ■■ oral ion,
[nd . tr : rm •■'■ van i *»3ein to ba disappearing. A.I all eve.:; -.u: tu iny pal - I hey
are ■ kow i b'tveond-thlrt y iara igo, in
Vorkshiro, It was the roisu ar arr m *e
m mt u the fan i Inli irers to sleep in t!i«
ii itisu - d il. ■ theii iti mis together in a
v:t-.r klt< hon set up t foi tholr use, Bul
tho ho id whl 'ii unii nl impl lyer and em-
ployed bin : ^en hi o s ;: I'hls shown itself
in oth ir changes . efquis ■ ■-, - . li as
drew i id, aklm milk, fallen fruit, and
gle m     im, were fn dy   gr intod of   old.
Now that tl ' i i'■■■:'" ns un   bond, and
agltatos for higher wage* and shorter
time, these perquisites have naturally
baen stoppatl.
'1 rue home-made bread Is gradually
becoming rm ir, Kvery big village bus Its
thriving baker, who *'rtoes" tho district
with his cart, Of course, ho professes to
no I what lie calls ''home-mado" but thero
i-. little m tufort in thu name
Thatcl lug ii gains out of fashion and
corrugated iron, among*other things, is
taking Its plnro. In sumo disttiots already
only one competent thatchor can ho found
Thu smock frock, although not extinct,
i* slowly going our if use On a market
day in some small country I >wn a wagoner from a remote part may occasionally ba Boon In this quaint, primitive,
pi itun - iu - .md ervlceuble garmeut,
Hut ha is quite singular, end obviously a
. utitl i'::.-.ii;>  Worship ,
probably  no   mistress <if
mid fontinino shoppers aro busy stocking    household  who has not felt rm  unoertain
up a wide variety,    lu   contrast to n-.--,
aro soon the pi.iin, narrow  loathur boll
which are worn with  the simplest  shirt
'] hospitality   at -nt  asking  her guests  to
Tho simplicity of the nklrts of tha
cloth gowns seems to bo tho cause of tho
rapidly IncruaMug ehu oration i f the
silk sltirts that aro worn bouoath thom
The choicest designs in the :. iw silks
are used in making these skirts, which
un- prettily adorned with ruffle* und i iv
bun-, and lined •.*• 1th ruches of softer ma*
tenuis Hllk house gowns or evuutug
gowns d unand silk nklrts that ure ovou
more elaborate, and could hardly bo distinguished from tiio ouror nkln ol ■
Skirts of novelty   silks are  lined with
plain silk, and ure   triuuu ■!   with    i rep
nml (
Of rib
Bouuoes, lat n-bordorei
and thero with bows
scrlhably dainty, ta
silk petn. oats, w :tli
Anothor Indication ol tho i ?t\
Will rclgU when Lent m pus: i, »
the ■-■ore* ot now designs Lu fan
are sot out to tempt the uuwurj
chaser. The Empire fan
prettiest, nnd a group of the new fans
is really .i collection of pa In tod • inla
tures framed in settings of ralnhow-cnl-
ored gauze. Parasols come In til modes,
and uro mure elaborately laco-trtmined
than over before, Parasols to match Oilrt
waists nre among the season's   uovoltlos.
night her
itjvi.    tnde-
tho   whl ia
wealth   of
ui in
y t ur-
:tg H o
stilt Wulsu SHU Popular*
Tho now broadcloth und other woolen
gowns havo not succeeded, so far, In
driving out of favor the custom i f wearing fancy waists with dark silk or satin
skirts. Separata waists, of all colors ami
styles, uro an ever-essential feature of
tiie well-stocked we :d robe, and are .it
tho very height of their popularity. The
Importers are showing some charming
neiv creations. Most of these have an
Lndssorlbably fluffy appearance, and too
BOCloty girl doe* not need to be told that
those dainty little affairs, as light ns
thistledown, are vastly becoming.
Chiffon, gauss or delicate silk aro favorite material-*., and nothing heavier is
employed for decorations than laoe or
brilliant Persian embroidery,
Work bus begun on tt mining tunnel
near Warduor, [da,, which will be moro
than two miles long, aud will tap several
of tho principal mines Id tho Cum?
d'AIeue district
join in hor family  worship.    Every
has ac [iialm mo h   thoy would  nol  h -si-
! tur:- t.i u-i: to tholr table, and would hesitate to ask to tholr home altar    Perhaps
[ tiio roluotanco arises from   i dl similar-
■ ity of erei .1, und n fear nf offense In con-
! sequence,    Moro likely it arises froj i that
! sin of   restraining   spiritual  confidence,
I which is u peculiarly h isettlng on i In th -;
, materialistic ugo,   for  tho  diversity of
creed Is u i bur,  Pr iycr hi- nothing to da
with craed*     L'rayer Is the   universal religion; and men of every orecd, find men
oi no  croon1  m iy  meat   Logotlr>r at   the
feci of ono ifoavonly   father     Tho roluo-
tan o mora likely arises from  thu. weak
s mine fu   ■ Inoss  that I io ofton prev *tn <
Bympathy  between   Crionds on  spiritual
sub  ii ts,    Th ,p-' ire  afraid to ba  misunderstood, smiled ut, crlth Ised
This latter dilemma la one that oven
goou and [real men have not always met
bravely, for when Or, fuller om u had
some guests ot great quality and fashion
— rnd-fonrlng us he was—he omitted
his family w irship on their nee mnt
This foot, which ho bitterly repented, ho
designated us a buhl bash fulness which
durst offend God, whllsi it did mar
m»n." But we should roinomhar with
the grand old preacher, that our guests,
though they be over so high ur rloh, are
yot by nil the laws of hospitality bolow
us while they sojourn under our roof,
therefore, whoever oomes within our
dour should also corao within our household i ustunis and discipline. If they sit
at our table for moat it Is hut kind aud
right thoy should also bow at. It In
prayer. — Ladles' Home Journal,
Principles Make tin- Wan.
Behind at] character there are enduring
principles, and it Is by. those principles,
handed on from sire to sun, but developed
for tho first time sometimes1 hy him In
whom they are illustrated, that greatness is nurtured and tho truest kingship
achieved. We see. now ami then, men uf
the humblest lineage, as the world reek-
oii* buoIi things, who mount to tho loftiest ominencfl from tho lowliest and most
obscure beginnings, and wo seo all along,
In thn history of sueh mon, certain dominant aspirations, courage and majesty
Of rectitude, which rule and mold then:
from the beginning. Sttoh men, whatever
their origin, seam to bo horn of great;
truths and nurtured by grand Ideas, By
those iheir intellects wore nourished,
their wills disciplined aud tholr oou-
soicnuo.i enlightened.
IT   :t W    BRES   SENT    IIBUK   A*  A   PATTEUJf
ttllUTED ON   A  3TA1 UE
straight to the bottom In folds tluit olfng
i isely to the figure, the huttum itself ho
Ing untrlmmed.
The sleeves aro put in very fnll, hut
fall only to the elbow whore thev ure
cnuglrt :n and joined to u dec;' full uf
hu u Th ■ : i;t touch of color is supplied
by the monogram of the wearer, elabor-
ai dy wrought in cr im-i dorud Bilk at
i Im loft of the front.
This particular ornament Is c msldered
all ^etl ."■ indispensable by tha devotees
to t io late : spei Imoti ol the must ch lire
md ixolusive lingerie Kxtraordlnarv und
'-■: ual ■- they m ty -. om, black night
gow. -. pt mils) • ion to become the I aign ■
ing f.td am uu fashionable dames,
NMghtrohe* of all sorl -i show nn Inter-
ostlng 11 varsity of stvlo this season
White tulle is u favorite material an I
when accordion-plaited makes u particularly pretty gown. On • new model had
a yoke of sofl croain lace, from which tho
accordion plaits foil straight to the Hour
In front und hack. The sloe ves wore Itke-
wl.-o aocordton-plalted and bordored with
the same pattern of lace.
Another gown designed for a bride's
trousseau, was novel by reus >n of Its low,
squarely out neck, both In front end
baok. Tho nock was bordered with real
lace. !£he sleeves wero very short elbow
Rleovos nnd were also edged by a fall of
lacv A broad white ribbon wus brought
around rhe waist lu a saBh  arrangement.
Silk nightgowns aro always popular
und the designs shown In this material
are vnriod and exquisite, Dainty colored
silks aro ofton used in place of white.
liii;-.  :troi   Ptirhotows   \ii;i   Utakf! Them
CmitpieuuitHly Uitt'ei-enl I'mm Lust Vem's
A decided roao:lon against tii • extreme
masculinity thai was last year tho only
corract stylo in shin waists Is evident in
thi- season's fashions Tho profuslott of
laces nnd furbelows makes it often difficult to distinguish the shirt waist from
the waist designed fore von lug wear, und
those to whom tho severer styles ure unbecoming welcome tho revival of the
softer and mure airy effects,
.\ sill; lim-d shirt waist sounds impracticable, yot the popularity of silk
lining* is bo fnr from being cheeked
that nearly all the thinner or open work
wui-t.*, ure made up over n simple foundation of colored silk
Persian designs ore entirely new and
among tho most attractive of tbe spring
stylos. Cambric batiste und evon ur
gnudle, In bewildering Porslnn patterns,
ure the materials ol i very pretty class
al waists, and will be especially pretty
wilh tho uoiil uurk siiiL> nml favorite
trimming of gold buttons On nearly
all those waists ire seen the adjustable
white linen oollara md mffs, which nre
an important nnd seusibl i rent uro of tho
coming summer costumo. Starched
effects ure not In favor this year, simple
turn-over cull's of the same material taking tho place of tha slid linen The
waists themselves ure nnt so suggestive
of the laundry as wus formerly considered proper, and many of them hang iu
deoldedly limp folds
Swivel nnd wash .silks ire returning
into favor as shirt waist materials, aud
some of tho very newest waists .we of
very thin silk, quite simply made. A
pretty group ot new waists were ol
gnyly-strlpod silk, made with three plain
narrow box-plaits in front and a yoke In
back, from which tho silk was brought
down neatly to the waist Thero was no
trimming. It is quite correct to wear
tho white linen collars with these,
though It is a matter of preference. Tho
Mime style is used in making .silic waists
of darker colors for tho older women.
Silk is, of course, tho contest material
that can bo used, and the oomfortoble-
U0B8 of these new waists is doubtless the
j u all ty tint will most recommend them.
The simplest waists are thoso made to
ardor by tho ladies' tailors. They are
u -ally fitting affairs, with simple plaits
in the front and back, and,with thom
he adjustable collars uro almost invariably worn. Pinks and bluosa.ro the favorite colors,and many fastidious young
women will consider these no less
oharming than the mare elaborate styles. Gbe IManatmo flfoatl
l!Y  TKK
E. c. Beard, Editor n
id Mi
Btroot, N.milium, It. C.
By ma
1   , ine voir	
SU months	
1 ,,,■' ninnthfi	
'1 ti' [Milti,t  -in
. per
■J. 1800
Tin: general ELECTIONS.
After a delay witliout precedent
in the history nf tin' Dominion, the
general elections nre announced for
ihe 23d of June. In tin' last general!
election a premature dissolution,
after only four sessions of parliament, necessitated tin; use of voters'
lists several years old ami the disfranchisement of thousands of young
Canadians. In the coming election
voters' lists u year old will have tu
lie used because of the prolongation
of parliament into a sixth session,
nnd again the lists will contain the
names of dead men and absentees,
and will omit those of a very considerable number of young men t resources, to on
who ne in justice entitled to the L^e energy of it?
the taking of hasty and ill-considered action without due inquiry into the facts and the exhaustion of
every means of amicable settlement.
They are therefore in favor of the
acceptance of the offer of .Manitoba
to make a thorough investigation of
the conditions of education in Manitoba and to suggest means for settlement without Federal interference. The proposition of the Liberals, therefore, makes for peace.
The Government policy of coercion
i.s one that makes for a continuance
of sectarian strife. Upon this point
issue will be squarely joined. The
Liberals will stand for provincial
autonomy and will resist thenltempt
to Inrras Manitoba and the west
bv Federal interference in educa
tional affairs.
The Liberals will go into thc battle with enthusiasm under a leader
who commands the affectionate loyalty of his followers. lie will be
able to gather about him a ministry
of such strength and ability as tbe
country has not seen for many a
year. There will be no jealousy, no
intrigue, no log-rolling; but an earnest desire to work together for the
good of the country, to develop ils
' irge the scope of
people, to inspire
, hope ttnd confidence in its future as
The Conservaeive parly goes into j a \.m(t 0f peace,plenty and progress
the battle in the throes of the final j .,,„; a source of strength instead of
struggle between the Howell and weakness to the mighty empire of
the Tupper factions in the cabinet. wb.icb. it forms a part. 'The line of
More than a year has been wasted battle has been well and skilfully
in dissension and intrigue, and the] formed. The Liberal leader is the
vacillation and weakness that come foremosl man in Canadian life, the
cause i   nothing less than the wel-
froni divided counsels and personal
jealousies have been continually ex
hibited  in  the public acts oi the
fare and the good name of Canada,
and the e is not a Liberal heart in
Government.  The country is weary the couu try thai will nol rejoice at
of the squabbles-and antics of the the sound of the advance.
men who are playing nt  the business  of conducting public affairs, A TUIKI.V ADDRESS.
and there will be a feeling of intense relief that the opportunity
has at last arrived to bring the
dreary farce to an end.
The Conservatives have now controlled the administration of public
affairs Canada for nearly 18 years.
They obtained power upon promises to check the exodus of Canadians, to hasten the growlh of pop-
lation, to increase the profits of,
farming and the other industries of s1:" " "'
the country, to reduce the public
expenditures, and to obtain a treaty
of reciprocity with the I'nited States.
Every one of these promises has
been broken. The population has
increased at a far lower rate than
in the previous history of the Confederation. Farm values and the
prices of farm products have declined. Tin- public debt has been
increased by 113 millions, and in a
few yearB of the same rate of progress it would be double what ii
was in Mr, Mackenzie's time. The
charges on the debt amount to 12A
millions a year, and the total expenditure is close upon 40 millions, |, ,„ ,,,. ,. , ,, :... . . ,„ ,,,,. ,.,,,
a year. The exodus is unchecked, tion will be paramount in the ensuing
immigration is slow. The failure campaign,aud to nootie can itbeuniin-
of the Government policyis signal P."'''?'-'- A great principle is at stake;
. r      j a        tiie irei-'loiii ui a sister western province
and complete. ^ ^    is attacked; the very future of our na-
We are told that, in spile of this [ tiotial life is threatened.   Let the result,
failure,  Canadian-'  enjoy a    large therefore, of the uomIng elections con-
1 vines all that there is in this Canada,
mul in ont- own   British Columbia, a
mighty latent element that will  uphold
ihe hands of a young province ill its
progress, and will nol Btand idly by and
p,-e ii bulldozed into accepting the effete
methods of by-gone days.  Then will the
intriguers ut Ottawa awakeon tho after-
f their folly, and
to pursue its on-
mmeled by any medi-
neuts of that greatest
liberty — the  public
The Liberal candidate for this
district has just issued an extended
address to the electors, in which all
the issues of the coming campaign,
both general and local, are fully
discussed. On the Manitoba School
question Mr. Mclnnes takes a stand
thoroughly independent of any lea-
j der or parly, and contends for Provincial Rights and non-sectarian
Is. After a frank statement of the fads of the question,
and the future possible complications, be closes by saying:
What will bo the result of this imminent backdown by the Dominion Ciov-
eiiunenl., or how this cleveutll-botir attempt ut conciliation will operate, or
what will In1 the flnul upshot ol ihe whole
\ trouble, time alone ran tell. This much,
however, is rcrlaiii:  if   tbo   Remedial
I Dill is insisted upon und pusses Parliament, ii will  be of none effect and tiie
I whole agitation will end in niter futility,
because any attempt to enforceBuch an
obnoxious system on Manitoba against
the open protest of nine-tenths of her
1 citizens would be such an outrage on the
freedom of a self-governing people us
would not only meet with local resistance, I,hi would ultimately disrupt our
Dominion.   To many of vou thi
measure of comfort and of freedom
from commercial disaster. We do
no! overrule the capacity of the
Government for mischief. We do
not .-oppose that ii can deprive us
of all the advantages of fertility of
soil, of abundance of food, of tho
enterprise, thrift and industry of
the people, of I he benefit of all that j
science is doing to increase tho powers of production and bring within
the reach of all comforts and even
luxuries that a few years ago only
the wealthy could enjoy. Nature
and science are too powerful to be
neutralized by miBgovernment. But
that is no reason why misgovem-
ment should continue, or why individual enterprise should not be aided instead of hampered by those
who make and administer the lawB,
morn to the I'm:;
Manitoba will be
ward course unlr
ffival-minded opp
bulwark of out
On the Trade question an array
of facts is presented with a logical
sequence that is both happy in arrangement and convincing in force
of argument. The Mime may he
said of his treatment of the financial condition of Canada, the Chi-
ne.-e question and other matters, not
forgetting the question of Dominion
ipproprnilions   and   governmental
The basis of the Liberal policy is indifference to this district, which
confidence in the people and in the js bandied   as it should be   -with-
country.   The slow growth of popu- 0ut gloves.
lation and of industry is in large Taken altogether, the address is
measure due to unwise restrictions, one whioh cannot he too widely read
to an  unskilfully framed tariff, to by the electors, as it sets out the
the bok of well* considered schemes i8BUe8 0f the campaign with a force
and olearness which makes it a valuable contribution to the current
election literature.
Great Britain, which protectionists are continually assuring us
must sooner or later come to grief
for the development of the west
and the extension of trade The
Liberals do not expect and do not
promise thai thev can alter this
condition of affairs in a day. But
they do expect to effect a steady
improvement  in the conditions of
trade ami industry by applying through the devotion of its people
sound principles of government, by i to the wretched free trade doctrines,
working with nature instead uf i is the first country to show a decid-
against her, by allowing as free ed recovery from the period of de-
play as possible to the energy and | pression through which the world
invention of the Canadian people, has passed. Sir Michael Hicks-
It is unfortunate that a question Beach, the Chancellor of the Ex-
calculated to arouse sectarian feel-1 chequer, was able to make a most
ing bus been forced into this con- satisfactory financial statement. The
test; but as it is here, it must be surplus for 1895-6 was £4,210,000,
We have come to the conclusion that business must be
done for CASH, and consequently are offering you the
most startling bargains ever announced in Nanaimo,
as thc following prices will clearly show:
Suits that were $45.00 are now $36.00
The Largest, lvaiigo of Goods in tho Citv to Select From.
Cash Tailor,
Commercial Street.
More Money in Silver and Lead at the back of
Than Gold at the Eack of
Twelve months ago     150
To-day      -      -      - 3,500
And estimated to reach
Within 12 months from date
Rossland lots are worth
$1000 to $6000
And out of your reach as a speculation;
I will sell you good
Opposite Gibson Block, Commercial St.
Agent for k Dominion Bull and Loan Association,
Subscribed Capital §2,250,000.
No entrance fees unless loans are accepted.   Money advanced
within 20 days of application.   All tonus und agreements are in black and white, so you can understand thi'iu.
Insuranee  Companies.
Royal, Queen,
London and Lancashire,      London and Canadian,
Quebec of Ontario.
The Most Complete Stock; JflSt BpSRfl- Pi
' Furnishings
Jas. McGregor's
Victoria Crescent.
At $150 to $200.
Easy Termsv*
Other good lots from%50 to $150
These prices ure an advance on last quotations, but
Is beginning to go ahead in good shape.
faced without shrinking. The Liberal policy embodies the idea that
educational questions can be best
settled by the provincial  authori-
the largest ever known, while the
national debt was reduced by over
£8,000,000. The Chancellor's stale
ment   was  altogether   rose-tinted
ties, to whom, in the main, they are j The prophets will have to move the
entrusted by the act of Confedera-' date of Britain's downfall forward,
tion. While they do not deny the' because it is evidently not yet due.
right of appeal to the central au- If Ottawa could give us a little of
thority in certain cases, they believe this sort of "ruin,"  we would be
very thankful.
that it should be resorted to only
upon ample proof of  a gross abuse
of the provincial power.   They do    Comox has been taken off the list of
,   ,.'      ,i   ,   ,, ,  ... ,     offices where customs parcels mnv be
not believe that  the second judg- received, and Cotirtenaybas been added
/went of the Privy Council justifies'!thereto,
If you buy now you WILL make big money.
I should like to see more in Nanaimo interested,
that I can recommend to my clients and others.
The reader of this must acknowledge I am
right, and I will give you an easy, square deal
to suit the times. Business is improving all
along the line
Mining Exchange Department.
Shares in various mines for sale from 10c. up. Also, one-
half and one-fourth interests in some of the best claims
on the Island for sale at reasonable prices.
Cannot bo  surpassed in the
City. We keep a special line, of
Choice Teas and Coffee,
Canned Fruits, Etc.
Don't go elsewhere until vou have tried
-:- THE AECADE ■:-
Where they Defy all Competition,
j. h. McMillan,
16 Victoria Orescent.
I'. O, Dux 122li.
Telephone 7-11.
Nanaimo Meat Market,
Wholesale t»nd Retail Dealers in all kinds of
m.    Fresh and Salt Meats,
"'"   Sausages, Etc. ,
Meats Delivered—
To any part ofthe <;ity free of charge.
Special Attention paid to Shipping Orders.
A Trial Solicited.
City Auctioneer
Al° Commission Merchant
SALES conducted In Wellington, Union
and Adjoining DiHtrielH.
JohiiBton Bloek, Nanaimo.
People who Appreciate »
Have their prescriptions dispensed at
'fheir Trices are Right
Telephone 3.
mm imeiy
We have a Fresh Stock of Choice
Candies in thin week.
donating arid Bottling
MITCHELL & Kl'M.MINO, Proprietors.
Manufttcturors of Lemonade, (linger Ale, Sarsaparilla. riders, KU\
All Orders Promptly Attended To.
Tolopbone JO. P. 0. liox !».
Restaurant and Chop House
Commercial Strbkt.
Oysters in every stylo.
Meals, 25c. ami upwards.
Good Beds, 26c. and upwards.
Spring Chicken always on band.
Try Philpott's Tomato Catsup
25e. mul 60o. per Buttle.
We Never Sleep.       Open Day and Night.
(jubaii Cigar Factory.
Our Cigars are made ol tho choicest llavnua
TobftooOB-    ■ 'ur [ainoiiH
Cuban Blossom *»»
Black Diamond
Are oallod for everywhere, and are Hiiperior to
any imported cigar.   Made by I'nion Labor.
___. M. J. BOOTH, "Wharf Street.      V
c. c. Mckenzie,
Land Agent and Conveyancer,
Town Lota and Forms for Sale.   Money to Loan
on Mortgage at low rates.
Agent for the United Ft re Insurance Company
of Manchester, Kngland.
Lodge Notices.
Inkerman T,odge, No, S25, Sons oftSt.
George.—Regular weekly meeting la held
in Hubert's Hull, Wliarf street, on Sat-
uhbay evening ut h o'elouk. Visiting
brethren eonliiilly invited to attend.
Fbeu. Waobtafk, See, The Ghoulish Delights of the
Auricular Oracle.
It Makes All the Difference Whose
Ox Is Gored—Another Case
of " Suspension."
The Local Luminary treated bis readers to another effuBion on tbe suspension of policeman Thompson on Monday
lust. In iliis llu' Luminary labored to
make it appear that we were tbe special
apologist for Mayor Davison. It is needless to say that our article was never intended as an apology for the mayor, but
.to show the unfair way the Luminary
had treated the subject. We could not
pass over iii silence the hostile attitude,
the Bneaking animus and the bitter warfare the Luminary bus shown to every
act of .Mayor Davison's. Anyone with
a spark of fairness iu bis composition
would see that the mayor neither needed nor expected an apologist after publishing a clear-out statement of his position over bis own signature.
But fairness in the Luminary is an
unknown quantity when dealing with
an opponent. Mayor Davison can congratulate himself on being the special
subject of the Luminary's wrath. The
cause is not hard to bud, but this we
will leave for a future occasion. What
we want lo dial with at present is the
Luminary's legal lore. There is an old
saying, "Give a fool rope enough, and
be will hang himself." We don't insinuate the Luminary is a fool by any means,
but we have a dim suspicion that ill bis
answer to us lie " suspended" himself—
metaphorically. After quoting copiously from the Municipal Act to establish his case against Mayor Davison, he
goes a little further—and lure we suspect he gels his drop—and quotes Mr,
Justice Crease's remarks on the bench.
The learned judge was not criticising the
.action of Mayor Davison, but the action
of the Council under Mayor Quonnell
and the old re..iine, when lhe Council
were clearly overstepping their authority. They were not endeavoring to reduce the force and lighten the burden of
the taxpayers, but they were, by the
most barefaced trickery and wire-pulling, appointing a few of tho favored pets
•of the combination to places in the public service and ai the public expense,
without n single recommendation except
that they were friends of the combination. Did thu Luminary empty tht vials
of his wrath on the devoted bead of
Mayor Quennell? Did the Luminary
emerge from his eclipse and write an
.editorial on the Biibjecl? Did tbe Luminary call on his satellites, Qualicuui
Tom, Bridget, .Michael and Patrick, to
[Contribute abuse? We should say nay,
Pauline. We are inclined to think the
Luminary approved all that was done,
and for the simple reason that he was
the bright particular star in the centre
of that galaxy of wire-pullers, The Luminary wus llien tile acknowledged pilot
of lhe municipal barge.
.Because, the Mail, in its own defense
■ij'aiiial unwarranted abuse nnd lu justice to the public, exposed the methods
by which ibe Ltuniuary sought to deceive ils readers by garbling extracts
{rum our columns nud from the Mnniei-
oal Act, we are dubbed an "apologist"
and our exposure is characterized as
"abuse." It Is gratifying to note, how-
over, that "the Free Press has thrived
upon this kind of spasmodic abuse for
22 years," during which time it "has
ba I the exquisite pleasure of Seeing its
revllers fall by the wayside or enter the
journalistic boueyard." Allowing that
to lie the case, it sliMtkl be truly grateful to us for furnishing it with a modicum of its means of sustenance and also,
as implied, a prospective subject for ils
"exquisite pleasure;" but it is not easy
to understand how, with all this continuous thrift and ghoulish glee lorn period
.of 22 years, it lias been enabled to "continue tbe even tenor of its way," w hen n
brief reference to its " peculiar moves"
Causes its editor to rear ou his hind legs
and whiuingly invoke sympathy from
"its  subscribers   whose  numbers  are
counted in the I i -.amis."
For ourselves, we have no desire or
Inclination to thrive by abuse or to glory
in the fall of others, and the "exquisite
pleasure" of witnessing bom-yard consignments certainly does not attach to
our composition.     It  remains tbe
public, to decide whether this ghoulish
gloating shall be added to ut our expense—evidently a "consummation devoutly to be wished" by the "auricular
oracle." It would make little difference
as fur as we are concerned; but, from
present indications, we don't (ear any
such disaster for many years to eome,
during which time we hope to enjoy life
and witness increased life and activity
in our midst ami number our subscribers 61/ the thousands. The "exquisite
pleasure" of gloating over the departed
wo relegate to the journalistic ghouls of
a past decade, whose bones seem lo
Shake with a sympathetic rattle when
even an Imaginary prospect oilers for
.adding another victim to tholr list.
In our article last week regarding the
subject at issue we conclusively proved
thu fact of garbling on the part of the
"auricular oracle" by supplying deficiencies in quotations made by him—relevant ph ruses which evidently did not
suit his purpose to quote, as they either
weakened or destroyed his contentions;
and for this we are accused ourselves of
garbling. The profundity of tiiis argument is only equaled by the schoolboy's
last resource, " Your another." But it
is some satisfaction to observe that our
"abuse" had the effect, as far as the
Municipal Act is concerned, of causing
the publication of entire sections instead
of garbled portions thereof. Probably
this explains the secret of that "abuse"
upon which the F. P. is said to have
thrived—the kind that compels it to
give correct reports when it would not
do so otherwise; in which ease its " re-
vilers" should be given due credit there-
\ for.
We nether maintained that Mayor
Davison was right nor that the Free
Press was wrong in the main question at
issue. We merely charged, and proved,
that the latter was guilty of gross garbling, with the evident intention of reflecting upon the former and deceiving
its readers. Our only contention was
that the conflicting nature of the law
"would not appoar to corroborate the
promulgations of our local Sir Oracle."
For instance, section 224 says the police
force " shall consist of a chief of police
aud us many constables and other officers and assistants as the Council may
from time to time think necessary;" but
makes the Police Board the sole judge
of the minimum number of police "absolutely required" and gives them the sole
i power of appointment. It. appears, however, the Council have the sole power of
! "fixing" the wages to be paid the police,
which is only right they should have
when they have to pay them. Sec. 22"
"The Council shall fix and pay the remuneration of the police, and shall provide all such clothing, accoutrements
and necessaries as may from time to
lime be deemed requisite lor the accommodation and use of the force."
Now, supposing the Council refused to
tix and pay adequate remuneration, and
provide clothing, etc., to an appointee
j of the Board—or lix the wages at such u
! figure as would practically render null
|and void the appointment—what is the
j Hoard or the appointee going to do about
jit? We simply ask for Information.
This may not be "speaking to the question," but, it comes pretty near it. It.
1 seems to us, if the Council is the only
! power that can "lix" lhe salary, the
difficulty could be easily overcome.
We have no reason to question that
; the Mayor acted in good faith in endeavoring to carry out the expressed wish
of the Council, and certainly ilo not feel
justified iu accepting judgment from u
source well known to be prejudiced j no
impartial person should. If this position constitutes au "apologist," we plead
In Which Our Police Magistrate
'  Is Involved.
Blairmore   capsized  through   bad
seamanship on the part of Nobody,
the   ubiquitous    individual   from
Liverpool.    All the evidence given
was either palpably biased, contra- j
dictory or directly in proof that the !
Blairmore was cranky and that the rj*jle j-regt of traitors Succeed.
drowned men went  into  the hold, „    .       .  , .
with  more than a suspicion  that A   ^'tiod.il  .i; ,-r;i< .-.
they  carried  their  lives  in   their
.1 i:\kr.sl-
Harrison's circular, published ou Saturday lust, says: "During the week thore
have been seven arrivals from the coast
mines with 12,t>(i4 tons of coal, and three
arrivals from Australia with 10,468 Ions.
There ar ■ overdue two vessels from Newcastle upon which extra Insuranse rates
are being paid, as it is feared oue or both
may nol arrive. The sales this week for
domestic uses have been large, as consumption has been materially inerensed
by our stormy  weather.    There are no
noticeable change of values, although
there is a prevailing feeling on the part
ol shippers to fill orders al a shade less
than the quotations of last week. The
general idiot is, better freights will be
paid l<ir carrying grain lhe incoming
harvest, au.l this may lend to weaken
coal freights from Australia and Kngland.
There Is still a scarcity of some characters ol Australian, although consumers
are substituting others (or the moment
rather lluiii pay the advance asked for
the grades which are iu short supply.
The culmination of the Australian strike
will be known ou Monday next, as it.
will then be definitely ascertained if the
colliery proprietors will accede to the
demands of the Strikers or Some compromise may be arrived at." Prices are
quoted as follows;
I'Kll res,
Wellington     its Oil
New Wellington       S DO
South field       7 Ml
Seal lie       f5 00@6 50
lirvanl        fi fill
I'o'os I'.ay       4 lit)
Wullsond        6 60
Scotch    7 50
ilrvnibo     7 50
Cumberland, in bulk (18,50; sucks Hi uu
Pennsylvania Anthracite Egg ... 18 00
Ciinuel         8 UU
Itoek  Springs,  Castle   (lute   and
Pleasant Valley       7 no
British Columbia is the only province in the Dominion thai has
"liodiess schools." In this province
neither priest nor preacher is allowed to act as a school trustee.
Church and state are separate. Yet
in no province in the Dominion are
the people more law-abiding and
less bigoted. Notwithstanding this
well-known fact, the province's delegation to the House of Commons
at Ottawa voted as a unit to compel a sister province to adopt a I
school system Ihat only tends toward keeping alive that intolerant
spirit that prevails in all countries
ruled hy priests and preachers. . . .
Surely the people do not want to
make this province a battle-ground
for warring church organizations,
and the best way to prevent it is to
retire lo private life the men who
would put the church  above the
State.—Nelson Tribune.
- *-**-	
Many a hold adventurer is returning
from Alaska, "busted aud disgusted-"
Based on Facts Already Known and
Published—A Case for the Grand
Jury to Investigate.
Editor Mail : The friction between Mayor Davison and Police
Magistrate Simpson brought facts
to the surface that prove that "the
heathen Chinee and the Free Press"
have not a monopoly on "ways
that are dark and tricks that are
vain;" for the papers called for by
Mr. Foster in the Legislature show
that Police Magistrate Simpson has
a tendency to Btray in that direction. The same papers reveal tbe
fact that thu government of British
Columbia are not above winking at
shady transactions. Perhaps many
of your readers havo not read the
papers referred to (although published in Free Press); let me state
as briefly as possible the salient
points of the case, 'i'he "Magistrates' Act'' provides a penalty of
$21)11 on any magistrate or .1. I', in
the province who neglects or refuses
to make quarterly certain returns
specified in the act, one half of the
penalty going to the informer, the
other lo the government. Now, it
seems that the firm of Simpson &
Simpson found out that there were
three J. P.'s in Comox district who
had failed to niako the returns according to statute, and as a consequence left themselves liable to be
mulcted to the tune of $200 each.
Simpson A* Simpson,doubtless needing some ready money at the time,
laid an information, and then compounded the action for $450; the
government, of course, got nothing'.
Now wo come to the "peculiar" part.
The three,!. P.'s, possibly through
ignorance of law, neglect to comply
with a provincial statute, and are
bled by Simpson & Simpson for
$450, Simpson A- Simpson, for compounding tho action, are guilty of
an indictable offence under section
155 of the Criminal Code, and go
scot free. In a word, Messrs. Simpson & Simpson can practically
blackmail three respectable citizens,
violate a section of the Criminal
Code, and the government, for reasons best known lo themselves, win
at the transaction. Nay, mine than
wink—honors are heaped on them;
for we find that, immediately after
the occurrence, and wilh the full
knowledge of the government, .Mr.
Simpson, Si-., was elevated to the
bench, where he now poses as the
Police Magistrate of our fair city,
and Mr. Simpson, jr., was chosen
on several occasions as a suitable
person to prosecute others on behalf
of the crown. The question arises,
Is there no remedy 7 Is there no
way of bringing offenders like tl,i-
to trial ? in answer to a possible
query like Ibis we answer, Yes, there
is a remedy, a full and ample one.
That good old Knglish law that
deals out even-handed justice in
poor equally with the rich; that respects neither the rank or wealth
of an offender, has placed a remedy
in the hands of the people when
petty officials violate their oath of
uttice by failing to do their dmy.
That remedy is ihe Grand Jury. It
is in the power of the Grand Jury
to make a presentment of any offence of their own knowledge, without, any formal indictment laid before them at the suit of the crown.
In this case we believe il is not only the privilege of the next Grand
Jury of Nanaimo County, but an
imperative duly to investigate Uncharges against Simpson & Simpson thus publicly brought to their
attention, and if they Iiml the facias stated, make their presentment
accordingly. Will they do it ?
Captain C.tw Ualcliultied.
The court of inquiry Into the cap-
sizing of the British Bhip Blairmore
in San Francisco harbor April Uth
has met and adjourned. The result was tho exoneration of Capt.
Caw. The board attributed the disaster to a wind and tide running
in oppssite directions aud to tin
fact that the Blairmore ran ahead
of her anchor and was thus tripped.
Except in the latter particular, the
acquittal of Capt. Caw was the only
thing that could be expected, considering the composition of the court
(being two-thirds master-mariners)
and the fact that tho captain was
under obligation to take risks in
the interest of economy. But the
anchor feature is a reflection upon
Capt. Caw's seamanship. By shifting the helm and setling a rag of
canvas the ship could have been
kept clear of her moorings. In view
of that fuel the verdict of the court
looks like a very thin calciinining.
In effect the verdict was that the
hands.    The public verdict now, as
before, is that the Blairmore cap-,
sized on account of insufficient bal- j 	
last due to the shipowners' principle of economy in everything, sup- sir Mackenzie Howell Forced to Re-
plemented  by contributory negli-       tlre-The Prophetic Words of
■ pence on the part of Capt. Caw.— „     ,. ,     ,,    ,.    ,
Coast Seaman's Journal. Mi''  ''M"r ■■'■■'■'■■'■'■■
A CorrespondenTieflects on Causes     0ttawa ^patches of the 27th alt
of lhe Doctor's Trip. announce the culmination of the
great conspiracy bv the resignation
Editor Mail: I see thai the cup- „- Premier Howell and the succes-
bearer for South Nanaimo is on his Bjon „f sir Charles Tupper to the
wav to Ottawa.   Can it be that the   p,.„,   ■
A Full Assortment ot the Lowest Market Rates,
Promptly Attended to.
All kinds nf
Tin and Sheet-Iron Work.
Victoria Crescent, Nanaimo
Premiership of C
OHlcoTel.30.   P.O.Box 10.   ReBldenoeTel, 101.
31. J. HILBERT & CO.
sccoEssona to
Funeral Director and Embalmer
Graduate nf the Oriental, lhe Eureka,
the New York and Clark's
Schools of Embalming,
], 3 and 6 Bastion St., Nanaimo
jJifllJ Bakery and
liuH Restaurant
Invites Inspection ami Comparison
as to Quality and Price.
Awarded First Prize at the Agri-
oultural Show.
Bastion Street, opp. Telegraph Office
LAMPS, Etc. etc.
Birds ami Animals set up in a thorough workmanship manner.
tin Sand—Four  line   Doers' Heads,
which will liesnlil for price of setting
them up,    Also n line ense of I'.irds.
d. s. Mcdonald.
G8 Hallburt in Street, Xuiuiiiiio.
Commercial Hotel.
Comer Commercial and Bastion Sts.
This long-established Hotel ■« comfortably
fitted lip with superior acennnuoda-
tloni tor travelers and others.
None bul the best brands of Wines, Liquors,
Aloe and Cigars dispensed at the bar.
T. O'CONNFJi, Prop.
Nanaimo Business Directory
BARKER .1 POTTS, Barristers and Solicitor!.
Commercial street.
o    V. CAKE, Barrister and solicitor, Room 11,
V>.    J,,li
JohnBton Block.
McIKNES & MolNNES,  Barristers,  Room 6,
Johnston Block, Commercial street,
AKWooti ,v  vnl'Mi, Barristers, corner of
nieri'liil and Bastion streets.
'r   HARDY, Bqtaulo Dru-tglit, Wlniic'.d Cres
cent. Tr; Hardy's Pile Ointment
Uu mason. Dentist   Extracting a specialty.
tins nml Ether administered.
ollloe, Odd-Fellow's Block, Nanaimo,
\\-   ,1. il'KKV,   O. H. S..Orcen Block.    First-
'' .  olass work guaranteed.
Highest Honors—World
A pure Grape Cream of Tartar Powder.   Frei
from Ammonia, Alum or any oilier adulterant
40 Years thc Standard.
Wholesale and Retail Butchers
P. O. Box 227 Telephone 7-8
JOS. I. BROWN, Watchmaker.
By SPECIAL MACHINERY on the Premises,
Fine tiii'l Complicated Watches inid Clocks
Carefully Cleaned und Repaired
Fine 0YCLOJI F.TF.IIS. for Bicycles, 111 Stock.
Corned Citorob and Ciuti. Stris
pRESCENT PHARMACY, Hai.i. A-Stkaiimah,
* proprietors. Victoria Orescent. liispcmdng
and tamlly rei ipes » spoulalty.
Mi DOM ILL A rKINS, Wats.ix 00.. Limited.
Medical Hall, ooruer ('ommorolal nml lias-
Hon streets.  Telephone 144.
\'.\NMM'i DYE  WORKS.—Dyeing, Cleaning
vi   and Repairing   U Nicol street.
c. cit.uii.Tos, Manager,
Fl.-ll    MARKET.
<i    MARSH, Wholesale  Dealer In  Fish and
at.    Game,
, Bastion Street, Nanaimo.
flRAND HOTEL—W, Stkel, Proprietor—Vlc-
VT  torin Crescent,
l    Proprleli
oprlelor,   Victoria Orescent.
M   WOLFE, Flnnnolal and Insurance Agent,
•   Johnston Block.
I NASH. Houso end Sign Painter, Paper-
•»» Hanger, etc. Comer Albert and Milton
slrecls.   V, 0.box 208,
CiOREMAN A HARDY, Ileal Estate Brokers,
MiisttiHi street
1\   TAYLOR, Healer ill all  kinds nf New and
I'. , nd Hand Furniture, and Fancy Artl-
.1     ,f pvorv i.■ crtptlotl.
\. ■.! to (iuenncH's, Commercial streel. THE NEWS OF THE DAY.
Short   ami   Interesting Paragraphs   tl
Treat of Men and Things In a
General Way.
General elections are expected early
in June.
Lord Aberdeen recently opened the
Toronto horse show.
The i Intario Wheel factory at t-Ana.no-
que was burned recently.
S. Richards, Chicago, is suing ti.e G.
T. R. for 81,000,000 damages.
John Kenip was killed at the Winnipeg waterworks cue other day.
Foster predicts a warm wave about
Aprii loth, and a cold spell on Aim 11 2 I,
Tiie provincial government bas offered
a state fiineral to the remain; . Sir John
Mailer, leader nf the Ontarl.i Opposition, is mention-', for a Dominion sen-
Latest predictions at Ottawa are that
parliament will prorogue on Thursday,
April 28rd.
Samuel Pardy, of Evelyn, lias with*
drawn n- ;hs- independent candidate fcr
Enet -Middlesex.
Brandon citizens have retimed the
CI*. II.'or more frequent train service
ou the Soul is branch.
Robt. -cott. of i**ioal Lake, proposes
going quite extensively into the shipment cf Manitoba butter io the < 'rient.
The Anglican synod of Ontario have
asked the provincial government for
more religious instruction in the public
Michael O'lCeill, of Port Hope, aged
70, committed suicide a few cays ago by
waJkirg into Ihe lake. Insanity was the
cause of the act.
Lieut.-Colonel Denison died at Toronto
trie ether day. He suffered fiom cancer
ofthe liver and has been suffering for
alxrut live months.
A widow named Johnston, aired So,
web killed while oioeeing the C. P. R.
track at Guelph, Ont., being Btitick by an
engine and instantly killed.
The government cf Canada has cabled
the secretary of state for lhe colonies.
Mr. Joseph Chamberlain, cdering a
Canadian militia regiment for service in
the Soudan.
Thon.as ami Hessie Gray, cf Peterboro,
who vseie acqnittc 1 Ins' fall on a chai je
of murdering David Scollie, a:: old man
with whom they lived, were tried recently on a charge cf arson and found not
The cal bran I the journeymen
stonecutters' association, of Toronto.
have eecured from the master stonecutters an agreement by whicl :' : the next
three years the men will r ive the i
former rate of wages 13 cents per hour
and wi ri eight In    ■ a day.
A. writ has been issued at the nstai
of Isabella C, Thompson against Malcolm Molntyre, claiming fifteen hundred
dollars for alleged breach of promise
of marriage. The defendant is a
prominent farmer residing near Belmont
and he married another lady recently.
An interesting ceremony took place
at Obsueken, on the Indian reservation
of Tusoorora, near Brantford, a short
time ago, in laying the corner atone of
the new council house for the Sis Nation
Indians. The ceremony was performed
by Chief NicodemUfl Porter, in the presence cf a large ar'sernV.age of Indian
chiefs and other residents of the township.
Early the other evening a fire in the
big dry goods store of Barnstead and
Southerland, Halifax, on Barrington
street, gutted lhe establishment, stock
valued at $40,000 was destroyed.. It was
Insured for $8,U00. A damage ol 810,000
on the building was wholly covered by
Insurance, Schafer'a jewelry store was
also destroyed. Lose -l i; small insurance.
Commissioner Eva Booth, who i= a
sister of Ballington Booth, and who was
recently sent out from England to the
United states ou a mission of peace, has i
been officially appointed commandant of
the Salvation Army in Canada. This
news was received by Commandant
Herbert Booth the oth ■ lay. Mo time
has been lixed foi tl • arrival oi Miss
Booth in Toronto. Her brother relin*
nuishes In? command at the en.i of May.
and remain there for half an hour. When
he reappeared sergeant Cantlin accosted
him andordered him to the police station.
Summons followed him tactituruly for a
lew steps, when he asked to he let off.
seeing his offence meant his place on the
force- Cantlin replied he must do his
duty, whereupon gammons drew his revolver and shot Cantlin in the stomach,
Putting the gun back in his pocket, he
sat there unconcernedly smoking. When
word was brought'cf the assault upon
Cantlin, the victim wae aide to give an
ante-mortem statement to identify his
assailant, otherwise Sammons would
never have been suspected. Since his
incarceration Summons has made no
statement other than a denial,!" the deed.
Power From Niagara  Falls to   be Transmitted 0> New York City.
Power from the great dynamos of the
I Niagara Power company will be trans:-
l milted into New Vork city over -'''- miles
I of wire on May 6th. The wires for the
I transmission will be furnished by the
Western Onion T iegraph Co.. on one of
its heaviest cables, trie longest distance
that electric cower has ever Been carried
is 110 miles, and that in Europe, The
current will not be a heavy one, but will
demonstrate that by Nicolo Te-la's new
Bystem it can be conveyed almost any
distance. It will be the first practical
test of the =vstem and its pro;*-ctors seem
to fear no failure. \ ice- President Frank
Vi. Hawley, of the company has extended to Governor Morton an invitation to
participate in the opening ofthe national
electrical exposition to be held in New
Vork on May 5th. The particular _ part
to be performed by the governor will be
to turn on the current of electricity
which will be furnished from Niagara,
This will be done by anelectrical button
and the current will turn a model ofthe
Niagara company's plant in New Vork,
and also the cable canal system of towing. The Bei! Telephone company will
have a telephone system transmitting
the roar of the falls so as to make the
thing realistic.
The E a-Lie nt.-Governor of Manitoba, Passes
Away Suddenly at Monterey. Mexico.
Winnipeggen were startled the other
afternoon by the announcement of the
death of sir" John SchulU, K. C. M. G.,
cf that city, in Mexico. The ead news
reached Winnipeg in a telegram from
Lady Schulti to Pr. Oodd, bried.y stating
that sir John had passed away suddenly
at Monterey. Mexico, and that she wa-
This Church Gav« to thn IToild a Beecher
— Hmr Also What the Rev. S. KlollOllS,
a Prominent Toronto Cougr^Rational
Minister. tXas tj Say on the Important
Henry Ward Beecher believed, man's
religious faith was colored largely by tho
condition of his health. He had said
from the puipit that no man could hold
rigb I views on religion when his stomach
was out of order, it is quite certain that
no preacher can preach with effect if his
head Is Btuffed up with catarrh.. It ie not
surprising, therefore, that we find the
leading clergymen of Canada speaking so
highly of Dr. Agnew's Catarrhal Powder,
for cold in the head or catarrh. They
know the necessity better than anyone
else of being relieved of this trouble.
Lev. s. Nicholis.of Olivet Congregational
Church. Toronto, i*. one who has used
this medicine, and over his own signature has borne testimony to its beneficial ihnracter.
One short pull ofthe breath through
i the Blower, supplied v ith each, bottle of
Dr. Agnew's Catarrhal  Powder,  diffuses
| this powder over the surface of the nasal
passages. Painless and delightful to use.
it relieves In len minutes, and permanently cures, catarrh, hay fever, colds.
headache, sorethroat, tonsilitis and deafness. Sixty cents. Sample with blower
sent fori' cents in stamps or silver, s.
G, Deletion, U Church street Toronto.
Winnipeg  with  the body
.' IHN  S.
"What can it he that ha.- come between
Dawson and. his wif,. • They used to be
so happy together.' "Mrs. Dawson got
the onaflng-dish habit," "Oh, too bad,
Poor Dawson I"
Plotting As-abii i he Csar.
A dispatch from St. Petersburg says
that the approaching coronation has
caused a fresh outbreak of Nihilistic plots
to a-sassicate the Oar. A plot to murder
bin at tha great fair of n; rr. Novgorod
has been discovered, Inconsequence -.he
Czar has given up his plan of attending
the fair. A general round-up of all political suspects has been ordered. Martial
law has been declared in Moscow. N'e.r-
ly .r),00o men and women have teen sc
far arres'ed and will be kept in prison
until after the coronation. Hundreds of
students of the universities have been
afforded the alternative cf going home
or going to prison for the same period.
Tho governors of all provinces are carry-
intF" out the imperial command to the
A   Degraded  Bulliilo   Police  Otricer  Resorts to Murder.
At Buffalo the other morning the trial
of Ex Police Captain Michael Sarnmon
for the murder of Sergt. Thomas Cantlan.
was called in the criminal term of the
supreme court. Defendant was formerly
captain of the third precinct, but
was deposed when their came a
change in the political administration
of the police department. When, however, the Republicans axain name in
power ke mado several ineffectual
efforts to recover hlecaptainacy. Instead,
he was still further degraded, being transferred to the seventh precinct. On the
night of the murder SaLimoue was seen
by tho Borgeant to go into a malt house
which was being-embalmed. LadySchults
also asked that Dr. Codd or Ven. Archdeacon Kortin should meet her in St.
Paul en route to Winnipeg. A state funeral will probably be awarded the remains.
.-ir .i'ohn and l.adv Schullz since vacating ciovernnient House last year had
spent their time between Winnipeg.
Edmonton and Ottawa. Not improving
in health as a consequence of his trip to
Northern Alberta Sir .rohn and Lady
Schnltz decided to try a southern climate
and departed fo: Monterey, Mexico.
about two months azo. The change not
having the iesired eflect sir John was
about returning to Winnipeg when death
Keller lu -in Hoars,
Distressing Kidney and Bladder diseases relieved in sir hours by the
Sooth Amu-ican Kjdnky Ccst."
This new remedy is a great surprise
and delight on account of its exceeding promptness In relieving pain
it. the o.adder, kidney*, back and every
part ofthe urinary pa^sai-ee in male or
female. It relieves retention of water
and pain in passim.- it almost Immediately. If you want iiaick reli-sf and cure
this is you: remedy.
Sold by al. druggists.
"To my mind," remarked s,|uiidig,
"Nansen's great difficulty is not Hading
the north pole." "Wtiat is Nansen's
greatest difficulty ?" a ked McSwllllgan,
"Finding hie way back home."
Rheumatism c-ir.-.i In a Day.
Sonth American Rhaomatlc Cure for
Rbuematism and Neuralgia radically
cures in one to three days. Its action
upon the system is remarkable and mysterious. It removes at once the cause,
and the disease Immediately disappears
The first doae greatly benefit;, Seventy-
Bye cents.
Sold by all druggists.
City iady in the country)—I get so
impatient lor the news out here. The
maiiB are bo irregular! Old fashioned
grandmother—La! Ho they was in my
young davs. You couldn't trust 'em at
A COUGH OR A COLD can be quickly cured by Wood's Norway Pine Syrup.
It is a combination of all the.t is best in
lung healing medicines.
"I see you have several books by
Charles Re'ade," observed the visitor who
was looking at the library. Have you
'Hard Cash'here?" "Of course not, sir,"
replied Mr. Boodelle, the eminent contractor, with cooi diguity. "I have a
burglar-proof safe."
ALL KINDS of Coughs, Tickling, Hack-
ing, Distressing, Obstinate or merely
Blight coughs, yield to the soothing, healing etfectsof Wood's Norway Pine Syrup.
Price i3c, all druggists.
Nell—Chollie told me last night he
thought my face would stop an angel in
its flight. Beile—Don't yon think you'd
better practice on a clock" first, my dear.
"It is said there is little difference
between genius and insanity." ■• vVi-D,
there's one important difference—the
authorities protect us from the lunatics."
—Chicago Tribune.
A New Haml.llrz Citlyen    Keles.ed    From
Knur Mouth-,'  Jiii',r)Hi>liin«*iit.
Mr. John Kock. hotel keeper, New
Hamburg, Out . "I have been a great
sutfe-er from rheumatism. The last
uttE k commenced last October, and kept
me in the house four mouths, when two
bottles of .South American Rheumatic
Cure completely cured tne. Had I secured
the remedy when I first contracted rheumatism it w. iiid have saved me months
of pain and suffering."
If you suffer from rheumatism or neuralgia do not delay, but try South American P.heumatic Cure now. It will relieve in a few boms and cure radically
in r. few days.
Sh<* li,mil III. Kara.
A few days ago Rev. A, D. Pickleamier,
a Baptist divine in charge of a church at
Dun up, in the Sequatchie Valley, Tenti.,
went to Mt. Airy, about three miles from
Dunlap, to preach. He was invited by
.!. R. Grimm, a respectable young farmer
to spend the night at his house. Un the
following morning the young husband
stepped out to tie bam to bltoh up a rig
ami take the minister to the depot. In
his absence the preacher tried to take
undue liberties with Mrs. Grimm, and
received a severe boring oftbeeari fcr
1.is pains. Grimm found cut about the
affair later and hunted Ihe preacher wili
a shotgun, but scon coled down. The
affair nus. set the community nil agog.
"Man wants but little here below,"
At least, so he observes
When he compares his wantswith whit
He thinks that he deserves.
GIwl to See Spring.
Another long cold winter is well over
with all its hardships, and now we can
revel in the bright weather and outdoor
life. But—there'll be another winter,
and we will be faced ngain by the problem pf keeping warm without being
burdened by the weight of onriiothing.
A fibre chamois Interlining seems to give
the best results as it furnishes warmth
without adding weight, and is both wind
and water proof.
They Apparently Had Oood Groands for
-ss-fTbelr Report ttn'l on -lie SrrenKlli oft*.
He was Paid a 91,000 Disability lu.-ur-
anrp - another Case In Which Dr William-. Pink Fllla Have Brousht Health
After . 11 Olhur Means Vailed.
From the Mealbrd Monitor.
Mr. Reuben   Pete.li   is   a   resident ofj
Griersville who has been known to the j
editor of the  Monitor for a considerable
number of years.   For several years Mr.
Fetch has been in bad  health, and  has'
been an intense Bllfferer and was declar- I
ed Incurable by a number of physicians,
ar.! was paid a disability In-urance of'
$1,600,    Latelv.  to the astonishment  of
those who had known that he was pronounced incurable, Mr. Petch  has  been
brought back almost to his former health, j
This restoration he attributes to the use
of Dr. Williams' Pink Pills, and knowing!
that his story would  interest the readers ■
of the Monitor, a -eporter  was sent to!
interview him.     The following   is Mr.:
I Petch's narrative as given to thejreporter: '
"I had been sick for live years    I con-1
I suited during that time no less than els
of the best physlo'ans I could find, but!
none seemed to help me so far as medicine was concerned,   Mv limbs and body
were pulled or bloated so I could not  get
my clothes on.   I had lost the use of my !
limbs entirely.    When I began taking
Dr. Williams' Pink Pilis 1 could not drews
myself, and had not  dressed  myself for,
two years previous.     I  could  no:   even
open ir.y mouth to receive anv solid food
'•One of the strong points about this
carpet, ma'am," said the salesman, "ie
that it won't show dirt as plainly as some
others.   Vou wouldn't have to sweep it
nsarly  as  often  as "    "I shouldn't
have "to sweep it at all, young man," interrupted Mrs, GaSWell, with much
sharpness.   "We keep a hired girl."
QUICK RELIEF and sure cure follow
the use of Norway Pine Syrup in all diseases ■-f the'Ihroat and Lungs, Coughe,
Colds. Hoarseness, etc. Price 25c., all
Mrs. De Stoiie—Did you enjoy the
opera? Mrs. Fushion—Very much. We
had a b. x, and the B'Joneses sat right
opposite us in the circle. It was glorious!
Inside aud Ontslde.
Internally used Burdock Blood Bitters
cleanses, purifies and tones every c-nari
of the system. In all cases where sores,
ulcers, blotches, or scrofula, appear on the
surface an outward application exercises
wonderful powers ever the skin and
flesh, healing them complete!-- without
leaving a scar.   Here is a case in point:
After having used Burdock Blood Bitters for scrofula in the blood I feel it my
duty to make known the results. 1 was
treated by a skilled physician, but he
failed to cure roe. I had three running
sores on my neck winch could not be
healed until I tried B. B 3.. which hoal-
ed then: completely, leaving the skin
and llesh sound aud n hole.
As long as I live I shall sneaic of the
virtues of B. B. B., and I feel grateful to
Providence that such a medicine ia provided for -iiii'ernrs.
Mas. W. Bemtktt, Acton V. 0.. Ont.
Mother—Come, Frit-el, why are you
so naughty to-day, just when auntie ;s
paying us a visit V Fritz—Cause auntie
told me that if 1 was a good boy she
wouiil emu for us this evening.
Heart Dis«»ae Believed In 80 rrUautoi.
Dr. Agnew's Cure for the Heart gives
perfect relief in all caeer of Organic or
Sympathetic Heart Disease in SO minutes,
and speedily effects a cure. It is a peerless remedy for Palpitation, Sbornnesa of
Breath, Smothering Spells, Pain in Left
Side and all symptoms of a Diseased
Heart.   One dose convinces.
Sold bv all druggists.
V  <■
v v v \. v, i\ <\ f. r:
A Hedldne that IV ill Relieve Dtstrev-doir
Kidney and l-laditer Disease lu Six
Hour- Deserves Your Atteution.
ThoEe who suffer from Kidney troubles j
suder acutely. Where some kinds of
sickness can be borne with fortitude, it is
no easy matter lo exercise this virtue
when one is sudering from kidney
troubles. Hope may sustain a person
when a medicine 1- being used that I
doctors say will eventually eflect a cure.
But who wants to continue an agoni/.ing
course of treatment when a medicine li«"e
south American Kidney Cure is within
the reach of everyone and that is so
speedy as well as iertaiu in its effects?
This new remedy has been thoroughly
tested by learned physicians, and stands
to-day ahead of auy medicine used for
this purpose. It does not pretend to
cure anything else, but it does cure kidney disea-e.
Crlmsonbeak—-''Do you know Pucker-
ton, the cornetist?" Yeast—"Yes, he
lives within gunshot of me." "Well, you
must be frightfully ba i shot." —Yonkers
Hi-art Disease ot Five \eur„" Stamllntf
Ahiolult-lv Cured by Dr. Aguew'S Cure
For the Heart—Tbe -;r*-ut Lire*Savlng
Itemed*! Gives Belief in Thirty Minutes.
Thomas Petry, Esq., Aylmer, Que.: "I
Lave been troubled for about &\e years
with severe heart complaint. At limes
the pain was eo severe that I was an <le
to attend to business. The slightest exertion proved verv fatiguing necessitated
taking rest. I tried Pr. Agnew's Cure
for toe Heart, and obtained immediate
reiief. 1 have nov taken ft r.r bottles of
the remedy, and am entirely free from
every symptom of heart disease. 1 hope
this'statement may induce others troubled as £ was, to give this most valuable
remedvr. trial."
::nd I had to iie fed with a spoon. I seemed to have lock-jaw. i could not get up
or down the door <teps. and if 1 fell
down I had to lie there until some one
helped me up. i could not get around
without a cane and a crutch. My flesh
seemed to be doaii. You might have
made a pincuehii n out of me and I
would, feel no hurt. The doctors told me
I could never get better. They said I
had palsy on cue side caused I " =pinal
sclerosis, the edect <-f la grippe. You
might roast me and I would not r:weat.
I wgs a member of the Mutual Aid A -■<>•
elation, of Toronto. And as under their
rules 1 -as entitle.', to a disability insurance, I made application for it. I was
examined by two doctor- on behalf of
the association and pronounced permanently disabled, and was In duo time p:dd
my disability insurance of $1,500. Tl'is
was about two years after I first took
Eick. Things went on in this way for a
considerable period, and my helplessness
wae. if anything, on the increase. I wns
continually reading abnut the cures
through the use of Dr. Williams' Pink
Pills: and at lust determined to try them.
After usin^' four or five boxes there was
a change, it nrst made Itself manifest by
my beginning tOSweat freely, Iraade up
my mind to give them a thorough trial,
and to my surprise I have gained in
health and strength ever since. 1 take
no other medicine except Pink l'ills. I
began taklua them when all other medicines and the doctors failed to do me any
good. I could net getori mv chair without help. I never expected to get better
ti'it Pink Pills have rescued me from a
living death, aud now 1 am happy to say
I can work and walk and get around
tinelv. 1 eat he; rtily, sleep soundly, and
feel like a new man. and I ascribe the
cause en irely to Pink Pills. I cannot
esy too much in their praif j and recommend them highly to all similarly a.l'.ict*
The above Is Mr. Petci.'s UDgarnished
Statement of the I ase and we might add,
we know him to be a respectable, reliable
gentl men, who has no interest in making
the statement only to do good to others
who might become Btlllcted as he w:<s.
Tois stronti testimony • roves the rlaim
made that Dr. Williams' i'iuk Pills t ure
wheu other medicines fail, and that they
deserve to ran i aB the greatest discovery
of modern medical science, The public
should always be on their guard against
imitations and substitutes, which some
unscrupulous  deale -,   for  the   sake  of
extra profit, urge upon purchaseis, There
is no other remedy "just the same 3k" or
"just as good" as Dr. Williams'I'iuk Pills
and the genuine always have the full
trade mark. Dr. Williams' Pink Pill* for
Pale People, on the wrapper around
every box.
Calarrh Relieved In 10 tu 60 Seconds.
One short pufl of the breath tlirougl
the Blower, ouppiied with each bottle of
Dr. Agnew's Catarrhal Powder, diffusef
this Powder over the surface of the nasal
passages. Painless and delightful to use,
it relieves instantly, anu permanently
cures Catarrh, Hay Fever, Colds, Headache, Sore Throat, Tonsilitis and Deafness.   60 cents.
Hold by all druggists.
_ The Best Bicycle is
es-Kp     None too Good     *^
,*g For You. «
jig   RIDE A STEARNS   gp
JSg   \rss7ssz    5gh
tern of Piotortiic Materials
Agents for	
Printing. JDeveloping  and   Retouching
for the  Trade.
We deal in first-class materia! only and
glee the best value for the money.
.sun Insurance office.
Ha3tem Assurance Co. i
Quebec Fire Insurance Company.
London and Lancashire Life Ins. Co.
British and Foreign Marine Ins. Co.
Lloyd's Plate Glats Insurance Ootnpany.
-leueral A^-n-
Wlnnlpas, Man.
HE  YOU   •   «   ■
INI BUBS'] ...    .
If so. send address for Catalogue. We
hav.- the lar^.-st range Of class In Western
Canada, covering 10,000 sipiare feet. Cut
Fiowers and Floral Designs shipped
promptly, on short notice. Cut Hoses
and Carnations always ou hand.
V. VRSVrlOIS, Slitiieger.
WINNIPEO,     -     -     MANITOBA.
Letters Come.
j/^yJHLfm^    Letters come da?
..=iIrvfto 1 by -**ay teiung* u*>
that this person has
been cured of dys-
pepsia, that person
of Bad Blood, and
another of Headache, stiii another
of Biliousness, and yet others of
various complaints ofthe Stomach,
Liver, Bowels or Blood, all through.
the intelligent use of Burdock BlooJ
It is the voice of the people recog-
nizing the fact that Burdock BlooJ
Bitters cures all diseases of the
Stomach, Liver, Bowels and Blood.
Mr. T. G. Ludlow, 334.Colborne Street,
Brantford, Out., say-.: During seven
years prior to 1886, my wife was sick all
tlm time with violent headaches. Her
head was so hot that it felt lik,; burning!
up. She was weak, run down, and so
('nebl,* that -.Iio could hardly do anything*,,
and sonerv >us that the least noise startled
lie:-. Night or dzy she could not rest ani
life was a misery to her. I tried ail kind*
ot medicines and treatment tor her bull
she steadily grew worse until I bought
six bottle-, of Burdock Blood Bitters froua
C. Stork & Sou, ot Brampton, Ont., for
which I paid $5.00, and it was the best
investment I ever made in my life. Mrs.
Ludlow took four out of the six bottles—
there was no need ot" the oilier two, for
those four bottles made her a strong',
healthy woman, and removed every ailment from which she had suffered, aud
she enjoyed the most vigorous health.
That five dollars saved me lots of money
in medicine and attendance thereafter,
and better than that i'. made home a
comfort ta me.
milB 500A
FOR       paH " THE
New Canadian Monthly.    Write at once
for particulars to
Trie MJSSSt PRESS, «? Kint St.v.'., TQP3S1T0
Lowest Prices
ever Ciuol-'i.
Writs F.-.r
SCHOOL DESKS     J New Catalogue
|E When we Read or Hear of ^
g- -m
st «j
we naturally think cf     3
OJDY'S HattS, 1
She—Marry John Smedierl If thero
wasn't another man in the world I
irouldn' have him. Uncle George—Con-
6iderin-; the opportunities that would
(jive htm for selection, I think you are
Comfort Outdoors.
The outdoor worker ia alwnyB at the
mercy of changing weather and finde it
haid to jsel clothing that will protect him
thoroughly. If, buying clothing, you
select lines made with Fibre Chamois
Interlining; you are Btiro of tbe best possible comfoit, for this cheap material is
not only completely wind-proof and rainproof, but is very light and adds no bulk
"Did the jury find the prisoner guilty'.'"
inquired a man concerning a burglar. "No,
sir,"  responded   tho   policeman; "they
didn't find him at all.  He got away.''—
i Bull'alo Times.
A Knowledge nf ti Considered Highly lm-
Saysol Its Principles*
John Strati go Winter said o( Chelro,
the apostle- of ptilmistry ns a soionoe* who
Is now lu New York, that she had always connected pnlmlstij with tho
l4bluok art," until sho wenl to him in
London; hut after lin had fully told her
(ihe details of Im* childhood, described
her relation to her parents, the separate
Infiuenoos both hart had In her life, and
what characteristics she had inherited]
she was convinced that palmistry was a
soienco, and that if mothers would take
their children to Choiro 11.17 would get
valuable aid In controlling and guiding
their lives
l asked Chelro why he placed palmistry on a scientific basis.
"Because I have lived most of my life
In India, among the Brahmins," he answered. "They have made palmistry .1
tnu* science. Much even nf tho so called
'blaoK art' of the Brahmins ia laid on a
scientific foundation. They surround the
practice with a hah' of mysticism be-
cause It appeal Bistro ugly to the uninitiated mind, and prnduoes more terror.
"1 remember that a Brahmin once do*
Blred a piece of political Information
from an Knglish man whom tho priests
were holding for this purpose. Tiie man
refused; then said the Brahmin, ' You will
not rise from that .stone till you do tell;
neither will I. move/ And by the power
of hypnotism (when was not then reoog-
nixed by the medical world) ho took the
life right out of the man. making him
tell htm all he desired to know. The
ability to do this thing inspired abjeot
terror; now it is understood as a scientific power.'
"So with palmistry in India. It is
made up of three part--. Some hypnotism, a keen knowledge of human nature,
and an inherited and developed knowledge of the 'markings of God.' "
"What do you mean by the'markings
of God?" I asked,
"I mean that In tho Hook oi .Tub there
in this verse Ami God made marks upon
the hands of mon that the sons of men
may know thom.' This we adepts firmly
"Why do you believe in the markings
*if the hands more than In the features of
the face?"  I asked.
"a Knowledge of   both should be had
But the features  can   be   controlled or
managed by a Una will or subtle nature.
mi ^wm
CAST OF 9 -r.:\  BI imi \".'.  -   PALM.
Nothing can alter thc diameter is tins of
the hand The general manner nf a person,
his look, dross, voice, all goto help tho
reading of his hand.
''1 am not an extreme fatalist. For
palmistry In that case would bo of small
help to folks, 1 am a fatalist so far as
eventa'nro threatened. Hut they can be
tnrned aside if tho danger is known.
"A physician can only tell you when
disease has made Its appearance; l con
tell you when tl Is going to make its
appearance ond how to ot-oapu. A judge
can tell you that yon have committed a
sin ami Imprison you ; I can tell you that
you are tending toward that sin, and
give you a chance to avoid It.
" Kor instance, there i- the case i>f that
brilliant and beautiful woman, Blanche
Roosevelt, tho most favored American
woman tu Lomlon. Sho canto to have
her hand rml; I saw tha; an accident
Was soon to befall her. marked on the
linn of fate corresponding ln date to that
time. When sho left me 1 sketched her
hand from memory and became more
nnd more Wurriod over this 'accident
"Acting on my Impulse 1 got in a cab
..ml drove tn her house, I told her seriously what I dreaded. She was just going
to a dinner and promised to be very careful, laughingly saying, that she would
wait until someone else tasted each dish,
us Khe dreaded being poisoned.
t"I wont homo a little reassured and
nnt at iny window on Bond street smoking, when suddenly I heard a crash, a
volley of oaths, and a woman's scream
below. 1 rushed down stairs and picked a
(alntlUg woman out of the melee, carried
her into my hall, and   found that   It  was
Blttuoho Booseveltl Since then sho has
boen my wannest  friend,  and sent me
lately these pictures."
Ho then showetl mo two three-quarter
length portraits Inscribed. "To Chelro.
the marvelous-—most marvelous.1'
"Will you give me some of your scientific reasons for declaring a person's
characteristics by linos?" I asked him.
"That Is what I wish to do. I make a
practice of explaining as intelligently as
1 can, my reasons for saying 'this line
means that,' and 'that line tills.' I hope
Jn this simple way to demonstrate the
truth of palmistry, ami to make people
believe In AG least tho more prominent
principles. Naturally, having followed
the study all my life, i reach conclusions
incomprehensible tn an amateur.
"The principal points,1' Choiro continued, "to guide a reader aro these: The
shape of the hands and fingers Is the great
guide to character. All hands are divided
into two hemispheres, as lt were, by the
line of Head. The upper hemisphere represents mind, and the lower portion the
materials (Seo diagram.)
"Long fingers show a love of detail up-
parent in everything—in tho decoration
of a room or In tho treatment of a ser- •
vant. Long-fingered people aro strict and
proper in manner, quick to notice small
attentions, and havo a leaning toward
"Short-lingered people are quick and
impulsive, they act by Intuition, they
can't be bothered with little things and5
are inclined to jump at conclusions too
rapidly, Thoy care tint much for the conventionalities oi society.
"1'eoplo with linger.- thick and heavjr.
[IB Well as short, are more or lo--*; cruel
ami selfish.
"A thin. hard, dry palm indicates timidity and want of energy.
"A thick, clumsy, palm tells of brute
force and obstinacy.
"A hollow palm Is a very unfortunate
sign; poople possessing It, though working hard to obtain Buocess, receive but
the wages of disappointment.
"The development of the joints of the
lingers and thumbs is important. With
the first joint largely developed, we get.
ability to reason out difficulties. With
the second joint developed we got a leaning toward science.
1 "Lar^e hands show power of completion*. Small hands denote Ideas too largo
for the poison's power of exoeution.
"When the lingers are 1 urvel inwards
or contracted, they   denote   timidity   and
too math  reserve, whon  supple and   inclined to bend   back,   th('ir   owners  are
harming  in  company,   clever,   and  inclined to extravagance.
"Pointed lingers --how ideality, tho desire for love; they always indicate the Impressionable, Impulsive people,
"Square fingers show a lovo for logic,
for exactness, for politics, and their owners have a talent for mastering languages." .   , r    ,
1 could easily see with John Strange
Winter how a mother might repress or
develop a child aoourdlng to the characteristics of Its hand.
"I consider the nails most important,"
Chelro said, "for they Indicate matters of
"Largo nails, bluish In color, tell of
weak notion of the heart, and bad circulation.
"Thin nails, if small, denote energy
ami delioate health.
"Flute nails, if small, particularly if
wide and curved towards the top. are Indicators ol consumption.
"Short-nailed people are hard to beat
In debates; long-nallod peoplo aro more
yielding, I ut are more enthusiastic at
their work.
"The thumb in its indications is re
garried In India as supreme. With gypsies
the thumb ;« tho first thing they look at
in seel ig 11 Btranger. In Christian rites
and ceremonies It Is used to represent
Rod, tho episcopal blessing being given
with the thumb and two fingers only, tho
three representing tho Trinity, tn motll-
ca I sotenco a 'thumb center' is recognised
In the brain: and any delicacy or pressure
on this 10 iter is Indicated In the thumb
! efort lt lias made itself otherwise visible.
When 1 hildren are bnrn the thumb is protected by the other li' gors, and It U nn
admitted foot thai If ■• child persists in
Iceepil t' the thumb covered it Is a sure
sign of delteuey—mental or physical.
■•Win 11 the thumb is -till' and. Straight
the perBC 1 llmls it difficult to suit himself
tn people or surroundings.
"Those whose thumbs turn backward
are suave, but not always reliable.
'In reading the lines all these paints
rise up to make tho adept's conclusion
definite, l may read a tendency to some
one thing In n lino, but 1 often see a
marked characteristic that Will control it.
"The linos of the loft hand show the
trait* you wire born with; those In the
right show Inst how you have cultivated
ur thwarted them.
"When the lino of life Is long, dear
BisO "t frond color, good hoalth and long
life may bo predicted.
"Whon It is linked or made up of little
pieces it :- a sure sign tif 111 health.
"Whon this line starts from under the
base of the mount of Jupiter it shows a
life of ambition,
"When the line i* closely oonnooted
with that (>f the head, life is guided by
reason and Intelligence, but Us possessor
Is nervous,
"When there is a wide space it is a sign
of too much self-confidence.
" Win n the lines of heart, head and life
are joined together it Is a sign of misfortune.
"A 'cross' or till 'island" denotes trouble.
"Black spots denote disease, aud if
doer, sudden death.
' The lino of llfo is divided into periods
of ten years, bo one can judge time with
correoi ness, \ t the end of the lino a
number of dropping lines toll of the
breaking up of health.
"When tho lino of head is .straight,
clear and oven it denotes practical oom>
nnii Sense and business capability.
"When-doping, a leaning tu romance
ami boliomtnolsin,
" Whon straight and going to tho side
of the hand it shows great Intellectual
"When sloping to the wrist It tells
of a fatal Influence of the Imagination,
"When it runs Into or through a square
it foretell a a critical moment In the llfo
of the person.
" When the line of fate rises from the
wrist and goes straight up the hand, it
is a BtgU ol luck.
"If tho line goes unto tho Mount of
Jupiter, the life and work of tho person
will hu to win ambition and power.
"When stopped by the line of heart,
fortune will be ruined by the interference
ci the affections,
"But as the late line is ruled by the
temperament, disposition and environment, no easy rules can be given to amateurs.
"What! have given are some of the
plain, general rules, proved and studied
in the land of the masters of the art, by
the much reading of hands. A thorough
knowledge of this science makes one a
menial physlo\nn.
"1 do nut wish to pose as a high priest
of mysticism. I am. instead, an ('Xpert
In a science that has not as yet been
properly developed In this country.
" Let me say that J think that every
mother should havo hor child's hand examined before It is a month old.'
Oholro's rooms are fitted up in Indian
itylo, Ceilings, portieres, rugs, all are
from India. A great sacred bull of India
sits in the inner room. K very where hang
onstl of hands of notable people and their
inscribed pictures. it U-
S11  Clever   is That Creature   Sinn  That  Fie
Improves on Nature.
It has been found possible nnt only to
take away from a (lower Its natural odor
hut to make ii yield a perfume derived
from soma other flower.
Tin re are violets which aro humble tc
look upon but which have a sweet fragrance- and there are handsome members
of the violet- family which are almost
odorless. Modern science in Paris has
accomplished tho transfer of the perfume
ot one, to the beauty of thc other. The
African marigold, which is a beautiful
flower, is disliked by many on account of
Its disagreeable odor. This odor has been
removed also. A sunllowor has been made
to smell like a rose aud a chrysanthemum
tike a violet.
The machine for perfuming flowers If
a box lined with ice. The (lowers are
simply laid In the box. Into which lead
pipes charged with carbonic, acid gas laden
with the desired perfume. This machine
if. most generally used In strength on Inn
tho natural fragrance of violet-- and roses,
The In ton SO perfume resultant will last
many days. When it is neoossnry to rob a
flower of its natural odor before giving It
anothor it is soaked in bromated water
and then wa-Iied. In the case uf the African marigold the seeds were soaked in
rose water and musk and then sown. Tie
seeds of the flowers which sprang from
these wen- treated in thu same way and
finally marigolds were produced with 0
most- delicious fragrance.
If flowers are constantly watered with
a dilution of musk thu odor of musk wili
he imparted to the flowers. Trees can he
treated in tho same wav hy pouring 11
thick liquid containing the desired odor
into a hole In the trunk. In Paris roses
aud violets sometimes have poured over
them a solution of alcohol ami perfume
mingled with glycerine, which holds the
perfume, lho perfumes for flowers may
be bought In packages from the Parisian
How TiiiriMnissinti of Disease  in tlte Communion Cui'?3tay be Avoided,
The recent death of a cancer patient as
the result 01" inoculation and tho recognition that consumption is contagious
has suggested the possibility of danger in the common use of one cup in tht
administration of the communion. It \i
known that many partake whoso physical
condition demands individual set-vice,
and there are some who are deprived of
this blessing from a sense of justice tc
other communloants, It is an Interesting;
question whether tho church is exempt
fcom the regulations of medical science
in view of this transmission of disease
made possible by a collective u-o of one
At any rate, the individual cup now
largely used h is met with considerable
opposition because of its apparent exclu-
Blvonesss. To obviate this objection a
communion syphon has been devised
Which retains the idea id unity and fellowship in tli.o presentation of one cup,
nfiootually prevents the transmission of
tho disease and has a cleanliness which
makes it most attractive. It is Intended
for individual use. The wine can In
freely drawn from the cup, but, owing
to Its formation, not one drop touching
the lips can return. It is cosily cleansed
and Is uf pure si Ivor, bo that no unpleasant taste is communicated. The cup is
arranged In two parts, on closed in a
leather ease oi'small dimensions, aud
con von lent ly 1 arrlod.
1 VlcVs Extra, Karly, of Good Quality and
Proline—The American Wonder Vel the
After numerous trials with various
sorts of the extra-early peas, I have discarded the whole lot, with one except lull,
and that is Vtck's Kxtra Karly, and as
this noads sticks or supports I do not
plant it every year, as tho wonder usually gets round by the last days of June.
After trying a score or more of varieties,
wltihn the last "dozen years. I have settled down upon the following suit-:
I will let Vick's Karly head the list.
bcoauso It is one of the finest of the extra
early sorts—generally the small early
peas are of rather pour quality, hut Wk's
is very good quality, and quite prolific,
with luu   pons always well filled
The American Wonder is yet the -land
by, although It has a strong rival In
Null's Kxoolslor, which is ono of the last
peas of recent introduction, The claim
thnt it is earlier than the Wonder does not
prove true with nie, but it. comes along
about lhe same time* it is a strong
grower aud fully as proltllo ub the one ■*
rival-. In quality It ranks   with the best.
BYom n single season'N experience I am
Inclined to name the Heroine as the next
medium early pea. I; is a strong growor
and fairly prolific, but what it lacks In
number uf pod.- it surely makes up in
sl/.o, tho pods often being over foul
Inches long, bearing 10 to 1'.' peas. Thi-
is a green wrinkled pea, grows about '.']•;
feet high ami is of a rich morrow-like
Bliss's Abundance comes next In n.y
plans this year, although some might
prefer to omit this tor the Champion ol
Kngland, an old and good surt when tht
vines do not mildew.
Thu threo last named varieties of peas
may best occupy the ground exclusively.
but with the dwarf Wonder ami Excelsior
1 have found it convenient to alternate
rho rows with strawberry plant-, making
the strawberry rows 2 -, feet, apart with
two rows of peas intervening, liy tbe
middle of July the pea haulm is raked
oil'the ground and the strawberry plants
will hogln to put out runners. Thus
there is no great loss of ground in waiting for thc first year's development ul" tho
strawbi rry plants.
lie swnllowefl tin- Bullets.
"You dtdn'1 know it was loaded, did
you, nuntlor"1 was all that bravo Halt
Harry Quick said after he bad spit oul
three teeth and swallowed thu bullet,
The gun was an old-f ash toned, mu/.v.le
loading rllle. It had reposod amid cobwebs and dust in the garret for year- I >n
Monday Mrs. Qltlok came down town
shopping, first sending Harry to sneuri
t he day with his aunt. A young sun ot
Mr«. Ta\ lor, Intending to bring to a close
thc lives of some rats which Infested the
backyard, and that m'ornlng carried the
rifle down, cleaned, loaded, coked and
placed It on his bed. Here Harry foundf
it. and, lis the rifle was ton heavy for him
to lift, lie climbed upon the bed and pro
oceded to examine the mecbnnlsm from
that point of vantage. Mrf. Taylor saw
her nephew playing there, and although
she 'didn't think the gun wa - Loudo I,'
to make assurances doubly sure, picked
it up and dropped the hammer.
\n explosion followed.
Harry, saying trustingly to his aunt,
"Yon didn't know it was loaded, did
you, auntie?'1 foil to the   lloor.
After tin- smoke had cleared away flu
bullet was found to have entered Ills fact
between the chock bone and tne nose,
passing down into his mouth, whore, vA
ter knocking out three teeth, it abruptly
stopped. Harry, with nleo discrimination, swallowed the bullet and spit oat
ihe teeth. Harry's father was telephoned
for, and hurrying tu the scene, had the
child carried home. A physician was immediately called. He assured tho family
thero will be no serious results from tht
wounds and that only a scar will remain
to tell the st'-ry ol the accident.—Chicago
n«- Was Apprehensive,
'"Souse me, sum,' he said, as he approached one of the nttoohos of the Smith*
soniaii Institution, "but 1 wants ter ax
yoli sumfln V
"What's the matter:- ' was the Inquiry,
"Are you looking far something to
eat:- '
"N'ndei'tl. I ant hungry. I wants
sol'ntlfio Infohmottun, I wants ter know
'bout dose hy ah X rays dot dey's lokln'
do phorsygrafs wl'. Dey done tell mo day
kin take piotors right fro yere; dat whan
dey goes after ye wif one er dem, y. er
skin an' yes olo's ain' no 'teotiou  1 oil."
" That's what they claim. "
"An ef I dun hod chlckln fo dinnnh, I
S'poso dey could Just fro down an' take
a ptcter oh de chick, n."
"1 bLdicvo lho theory is something likt*
that. '
"liar's what I thought, Hat's what 1
thought. Hut yen'- whllt 1 done come
tor ax yer. Dons yer b'licve dat dey could
git or goo.I 'nut,' likeness 'oh de chicken
ter Inablo de ownah ter rec'ni/o 'im'.''
Tlietl tie Went Horn,-.
The young man who had traveled began :
"And there I stood, tho abyss yawning
at my foot."
"Was it yawning before you got there,
or did it begin after you arrived:''' asked
the young woman who had never linen
away, and then the young man found
that he had just time to catch thc last
car. — Indianapolis Journal,
Pastor—My dear friend, wure you born
with your thirst for liquor:-*
De Tanqtio (proudlyt—No. shir, lt'sh
tho roshult of long and shevere training
nnd unlimited capital; iu my case at
leash t.
n«■;l 11 fttr at'l-iiiiioii-,-.
Under the above heading the Corn oil
station has Issued a bulletin. Thu first
subject considered is the heal of forcing
houses, it has summarized the result* of
tho fermer experiment as follows:
1. The temperatures of steam pipos
average higher than those of hot water
pipes,  under common conditions,
13, When the risers or flow pines are
overhead lhe steam spends relatively
more of its heat in the returns, as bottom
Lent, than thc water dues.
.-. The heat from steam distributes itself over a great length of pipe more
readily than that uf hot water,and steam,
therefore lias a distinct advantage for
heating long runs,
I. Steam Is preferable to hot water fur
long and crooked circuits.
5. Unfavorable-conditions can bo more
favorably overcome with steam than with
It finds that the addition oi crooks an'.
angles operates against bnt. water more
than against steam. .Hot water begins to
warm first, but will not heat a house tu a
dosirablo temperuturi ..s soon as -team.
Long pipes operate more against water
thin Bteam on account of friction. L'ho
pipes have to be graded in their [low
toward the boiler more nicely than steam
pines. One hundred pounds of hard coal
gave mere heat when appllud to steam
than whon applied '.0 water, and on the
whole in Its experien u the station finds
steam moro efficient and economical.
'i'he ballet in ui nslders ihe !.■■ le ■--.'
growth of lettuce, of winter cress,of winter pons and methods u controlling greenhouse pests. It says that for luttuco the
night tomporaturj should not rise al ove
-15 degrees ami that the day temperature
should be v, to '■■> degrees,
While light is required, yet they do not
sutler if some distance from the glass,
Solid earth Is preforred to benches. The
famous head lettuce, of Hoston gardeners
requires soil to contain much Band and
very little clay and Rilt, It must bo lo ise
at all times, nor 1)1 Ust It puddle when
worked. A soil made of two parts drift
sand and one of greenhouse soil was used
enooessfally. It advises those lutere-itcd
that, no plant is easier grown under
benches in greenhouses than cross in winter.
It furthermore In its presentation of
miscellaneous subjects, relates Its experience in winter peas. Hut as from a financial piuot it does not advise tho growth
of this crop in the winter, wo refer tho
curious to the bill le) 111,
ot   It,,:
Cutler the heading < f one thousand dollar-an acre for blackberries, Mr. r, '-..
Chapman, beforn the Western Xew York
Horticultural Society, says that bis
neighbor sold ■:'■■■■ won h ol blackberries
from one half aero of ground. He tells
how he lilted 11 piece for himself, Hotted
manure was applied to deeply plowed
land, trenches eight inches deep and
gevon feet upon were mude. Into which
.011 pound- 1 f potash pep /e ffl "were bi al
tcrod and mixed with the -oil, Plants
wi vt Kot two and one half feet apart with
great cure. When tho new growth wa- Is*
Inches high the Ilrsl year and two f'et
the second) tho shoi is were nipped off,
causing the lateral- to start, {frequent
clippings kept tho growth down and
cau sod rriiltfulncss, Tho loss from break*
aye i- lessened and the fruit gathered
faster, besides belnj larger, The weak
cam- are cut out and only Strong,
healthy, vigorous ones a to allowed.
Plants must havo n generoiiB supply of
fresh air and sunshine in spring to reach
great vigor. The yluld was double where
proper pruning was practised. In spring
a light dressing of com mercial fertilizer is
worked in among tie canes, and If cane
growth Is satisfactory only potash and
phosphoric acid aie used. Xo weeds
should bo allowed, ami frequent -hallow
cultivation conserves tho moisture, After
fruiting, immediately cut out all old
canes and burn.
Most Excellent Advice.
The art of advertising is making long
nnd powerful stride-;, and the man who
tails to keep up with It—well, the sheriff
"will get. him if he don't watch out."
Two things are certain : Spasmodic newspaper advertising doesn't pay, and experiment ing with all kinds and styles of newspaper advertising fails to bring the best
Have nn unvarying stylo of your own, a
distinctive, characteristic style. Have an
exclusive border or exclusive fype, if possible. Let the people learn where to look
lor your ads, and have some feature about
then I that, will make people rend them.
Describe your goods in a brief, breezy,
catchy way.
Then let others wrangle aoout what constitutes good advertising; wkUuxuu inak«
Some Stublcn \o  Better Than   tin- mark
Hole vi Cab alia.
From all my observation I am prepared
to say that there is no animal on the farm
from which we esper^t so much and furnish such inadequate accommodations,
As a rule, to which there are exceptions,
1 am glad to say these are becoming
yearly more numerous, the stables are
low, dark, damp, illy ventilated, and
many are so oold that a pick or crowbar
has to be used in winter mornings to
clean out the manure, and into these
cows are crowded su closely that they
have no more air space comparatively
than a man would have if confined in his
coffin For fear the reader may think this
ri fancy sketch, let me give a few Instances taken from actual measurement.
Last -prim: I wns in a stable HO feet wide,
LOG feet long and 7 .feet between floor
and ceiling, and In this stable :o cows
ware confined. Ves, confined if*, the word..
for they were kept in rigid stanchions.
Not very long ago 1 was in tho stable of
a noted Holsteln-Friesluu breeder where
thn cows would average more than lt90U
pounds in weight, and that stable was
only -i' feel wide. 6U feet long and only T
feet in the clear, and in flint s'ablo he
kept in swing stanchions -,'T cows and a
bull. In the lirst of these the COWS would
average between 700 and 800 paunds, and
had only ;;:i? .. cubic feet of air space.
and without a single ventlator. ex.'up!
the two doors through which fodder was
thrown from the loft. In the latter they
find only 318)i cubic feet, and only a
small ventilator 16 inches square. 1
have iu mind several stables fully ae
faulty as these in other states, but- will
not hll space by mentioning their data.
As a rule, the dairymen with such stables
are great sticklers fur "a breath of fresh
air, a bit of sunshine aud a little daily
exercise. ' and no wonder. If my euws
had to occupy such quarters 1 would
leave them out all the time. Better by far
have pure air, all the sunshine there Is
and a chance to run aruund to keep warm
than to be shut up In the 'black hole of
Calcutta." Hut no one must expeot their
cows to du their best or to make dairying
pay, with cows treated in that way.
Milk is a by-product. It comes from the
consumption of food beyond the necessities of tbe animal, and in eider to get
the largest production from minimum
of food, the cow must be made just as
comfortable as possible, be kept warm
and quiet, and have all the pure water
she wants to drink, and have it jtiBt
when she needs it.—J. S. Woodward, in
Prairie Farmer.
A Mill-, inc Stool.
The dimensions tire as follow-: Take a
pino board: 3 feet by 1 toot ;. inches by 1
or 1 ;, inches. About ".' inches from one
end cut a round hole about : lout in diameter which will le: a wooden pail down
about to the ears. Take a strap about 9
feet lonL', tack the ends In the grooves at
AA: take another strap tin- same length
and tack the ends In the   gr mves ut BB;
gQOfl ;
by means of these -traps almost uny -i. * I
pail may be n-e.l. Lore ajioh Ui a ■ ei 0
corner of tbe board for tha lo^s. the ho e
to he slanted, which enables thc stool t-
stand more firmly, A cleat ticrnss toi:
end of the -eat where tie a;:* ire in sorted
wiil keep it from splitting. Mitke the legs
nbouf 1 !■»(-! long, People should hbu
their own judgment obout the length of
tho legs as hardly two persons require
lhe s line .1 '-;:t ll,
lluvinu i iavs i,v 'tots.
TheXortli Carolina Kxperlmeni Station
proj -es a plan ! ir I nylng nnd sn ling
cows based on t!..- yield 1 f their milk, together with the quality of the -ame. as
determine i by ti -t- of milk. The rule .•
tn 1 ay I r "be . e: a: the rate of i :■: 1 er
(ration of milk Eiven per day thai Is r h
enough to <how H . percent, of fat. To
tl le 1 rloi add or subtract one dollar
even one-fourth of one per cent* uf tat
which Is above or below tho '• - per lent.
Hy 1 li is rule, a cow Is bought entl ely
upon i.er merits, lt is believed to be a
conservative plan and ono If adopted
ior one upon a stmll >r plan Wi 1 I llsfi
tbe standard of v ws and increase their
milk ana butter production, lo- if they
cannoi be sold easily for milch cows * hj
will s on ho turned over to the catcher
an I ti be: ter animal be kept, or a Willi"
purchaser ho foil ml. Tbe result cannot
tail ie be bo nol   tu) " all ] .rtles.
Thi .' ove Illy digested plan I- p'i.'.-'
tbe r< at..is of 11,e pn-- We wonder ihat
any >-ne ol good i tislners sense and having any knowledge oi dairying should
propose It, and Hat it should he considered meritorious by any reputable 1 iptr
Cows underfed nr overfed at tin time of
test would make or lose money for either
buyer er Belli r.     Again,   sonic cows   give
heavy amounts u: milk, w! e 1 first drop-
ping their oalvos, ami then aftoi a month
or two drop sharply oft. falling h<*lloath
the ylel I of others that start With a small
yield and hold up close down to the dry
ing time. Hut, again, age would much
modify the value ot a cow, while it is
more thau doubtful whether a llnlsieiu
giving six gallons ami on ihe plan bring
lug |7fl would not bring too much compared with a Jersoy starting oul wilh
three ami one half gallons and H per cent,
of fnt. and bringing in the rule 969, For
196 pounds extra of far on a yield of 6,000
pounds of milk, 160 pounds extra 01 butter would result, worth 11 >t $10 but
$:iT.."iO yearly at .'"> cents per pound in a
given yield for each cow. Now an Inorease
of '1.1 per eent. fat from 3jfc per cent.
Increases the -ale value of a cow but $10,
while an Increase oi ;i.i per cent, ln
milk How from '■<'■. gallons increases
thn sale value $30. Other objections
might be enumerated that would cause
practical men to reject the scheme.
1 or llrldesaml Babies,
Last year the Syracuse (X. V) Host Inaugurated the novel outsom of making a
present to all the babies born in Syracuse
during the week between Christmas and
New Year. This year the Post presented a
souvenir spoon to every baby born in Syracuse between Christmas and Xew Year,
and also a six months' subscript ion to the
Post to every couple married in Syracuse
during Christmas week. With souvenir
spoons fnr tho Christmas babies and the
Daily Post for six months for the Christmas brides, Christmas week was far from
dull in Syracuse.
One Ueason*
May—Why is football so popular here
In America?
Hilly—Ah, think what a generation of
kickers the next ono will b«,i
May—Keformers. ehr1
A.II the Hens Want tsal'laoe 'Mud Looks
sum* what Secluded,
If turkeys are kept at all they should
be kept properly. Instead, however, thoy
frequently get uu attention worthy lho
name. A writer in the American Poultry
Advocate calls attention to one serious
neglect. Ho says that much time i.s annually lost nnd no: a few turkey eggs by
hen- making their Dusts in faraway isolated places, where they are not readily
found, except by the wily crow, skunk
or other sharp-eyed marauders. And
this ]o>- is all the mure inexcusable as it
can readily be avoided by a little ingenuity and judgment on the owner's part.
iie claims to knuw a breeder of quite a
strain of Hnm/H turkeys who noldom
got more than half tbe eggs laid by his
ton or twelve Hron/e hens. There was a
large wood n--ar his house into which
his hens regularly each spring pluuged
and sought lor not.-. He -omplained of
his loss from crows ami other Vermin,
and whon told how easily it could ho
prevented, he expressed surprise, and
was willing to make tbe attempt to
save more of his uirkoys' nests. According iu our Instructions be placed
some rough piles of brush about the
corners of the fence near tbe boUSO and
barn, and in the orchard. He al.-u laid
some ompty barrels about in out-of-the-
way places, putting straw and leaves
in them, and some brush on and about
them. This was done in February and
again in April, and all his hen- wero
laying and all tjie nc^ts were inside his
own ground. The wi rk uf finding tho
nests was reduced about three-fourths
and all the eggs saved. »
AU the hen- want Ie a place that looks
somewhat secluded. Thoy do not cam
for u faraway nest especially, but like a
place that gives .some promise of not being a prominent public curiosity. If a
loose pile of brush is thrown in any
out-of-tlie way place, .-ay behind a clump
of shrubbery and near a fence, in a corner of the lem-e, a barrel covered up
with brush, one end only visible slightly, a few boards leaned against the
fence and covered with rubbish, etc.,
will any or all make a desirable place
for madanie turkey to deposit tier e^gs.
It is best to not disturb the nest too
much when once the hen has begun laying. Let her have her egg*. If the nest
has a proper quantity of straw or leaves
in it the lien will keep the eggs covered
snllicieiitly to keep them from freezing.
Some hens will not mind having eggs
taken out of their nests, but others will
soon b ok for some mure secluded place,
the chances being in favor of being
placed away out in sonic field or aloug
the hill or mountain deep lu tho wood.
Ol' course if the hens get broody before
they art wanted to Bet, the ouys must
be taken out of the mist ami the hens
broken up for the time being.
A (nl tii' Pump.
A plan by which the water trench for
cattle or poultry can be kept supplied
without having them come to the well
'which should never be permitted 1, is
tn tap tho pump cylinder just below the
pump and insert a small pipe, which
run- t > the tank. Whenever any one
draWB water for house or barn, a liberal
percentage of it is forced through the little pipe. Another advantage is, that as
BOO.ll OS the pumping ceases, the wafer
in the pump runs off mul does not. co-
back Into the well or ivevze iu the pumps.
In summer, ihi Immediate draining of
the pump does nol allow it to soak, sour
or decay, and it1-, life is thus lengthened.
j Tlte Connection between pipe and cylinder
j must be tight, aud a little higher than
the top of the tub. At the tub an over-
Mow pipe must be flxeil to carry off BUT-
phiBwator under ground, if a muddy
place about it is not desired A combination force and lifting pump would force
Wafer to the tub np almost any -.-ratle.—
Country Gentleman,
Inl   ol   Mill..
What if Prof, ('oilier proves Si lie evidently seems to hope to prove, that
the fat ul foods is the measure of the fat
of milk, and sijiec the fat of milk is an.
approximately axed percentage, really the
measure of milk production: It minors
little what he proves, for facts are usually lhe best for humanity, let them fall
where they will. If, however fat- are the
measure of milk production, the fatty
foods are thoso must friendly toduirymen.
among these foods will be found cotton
seed meal, old proce-- I In Seed meal, nl«-
tcn meal and palm nut meal. Oatl Carry
a fair latloof fat. or oats Contain more
fat than corn, wheat, harlev, bran, or
than most other foods than those named.
If the fat of fond determines ihe fat of
milk, then it |H probable thai a oloSST
study of the fat of foods will have to be
made than   has a-yet been   given them.
Would it follow  that with fomts poor In
fat. oils from cheap sources will he added
and that a balanced ration for cows will
mean in the future one containing a din*
ratio of fnt or a definite number of
pounds of fat dally! While we have no
expectation that fat ol foods will ba
shown in pc in any more than to a very
minor degrso related in the amount of
fat in milk or to the mill: flow./et all
problems submitted by reputable Invest!"
gators should be watched and studied.
We have before said that it v*ts formerly
held that the fat in foods Is the measure
of the fat in milk, and that this oh! view
i- now verv generally regarded as exploded.
I'imv (un   " '* C*tUM»t
"lint, your honor," said the prisoner,
"I am nur, guilty of this crime, 1 havo
three witnesses who will swear that at
the hour this man wns robbed 1 was at
home in my own chamber taking cure of
the baby,"
"Yes, your honor." glibly answered
the prisoner's counsel, "that is sn-ictly
true. We can prove a lollaby, your
"Atlas? Atlas:'* queried Mr, Hungry
tllggllis, looking up in a pu/./.led way from
hisia-t month's paper.   "Who is Atlas r"
"He wa- the feller that carried the earth
.111   hi-'  back."   Mr.   Weary   Walkui- explained.
■*Kar*h on his back: Hm : We are
them kind of fellers OU 1*8*1 VftS."—>'<•«»
Vork Evening Sun. Increased Coal Shipments for
the Month of April.
Police Returns Maintain the Good
Reputation of the City—Commercial Returns, Etc.
Following is the list of foreign cog
shipments for the month ending April
30, 1806:
iiy tl!". kew vawoooveb company.
Date,        Nami: and Dkstisation.        Tons.
4 SS Peter Jebsen, Sun Diego ... 4,799
4 SS Wtllapa, Juneau        10
8 SS City of Everett, San Fran., 8,002
!) ss Sea Lion, PortTownsond. . 41
0 S|i St. .'oI'M, Sun i'r.iiiciseo , .. 2,7011
9 SS Wanderer, Port Townsend . 02
12 BkGen.Fairchild. Sun Finn... 2,280
12 SS See. Lion, Port Townsend... 51
18 SS VVillapa, Port Townsend ... 00
17 ss Willapa, Juneau         20
21 SS City of Everett, San Fran.. 8,948
22 SS Peter Jelwen, Los Angeles.. 4,«>4
27 SS Willapa, Port Townsend ... 68
20 SS Pioneer, Port Townsend ... 45
2ii ss Holyoke, Port Townsend... 70
20 SS Wanderer, Port Townsend.. 64
30 SS Willapa, Juneau       25
Total 22,817
4 SS rjmatillB, Seattle  1,150
7 SS Alki, Port Townsend      350
8 SS Costa Rica, San Francisco.. 2,550
IS SS Wellington, San Francisco.. 2,600
lis SS Discovery, Vancouver       27
22 SS Progressist,San Francisco.. 4,ono
24 SS City of Puebla, Seattle     800
27 SS Alki, Port Townsend        200
20 SS Willamette, San Francisco.. 2,450
4 SS Alice, Alaska  3
4 SS Progressist, Los Angeles ... 8,820
4 SS Wellington, San Francisco.. 2,400
11 SS Transit, Seattle  504
11 SSMIneola, Los Angeles   8,100
II SS Sun Mateo, San Francisco.. 4,200
Rapid Transit, Seattle      24'
28 SS Mexico, Sitka..
25 SS Mineola, San Francisco ..
Grand total...
I 1,809
. 3,100
56,495   50,006
Customs and Inland Revenue.
Following   are   the   customs  returns
for the month of April:
Duty collected  $8,002 42
Miscellaneous     84 32
Goods Imported free
.if 6,940.00
9,786 00
Total  $10,070.00
Revenue collected in Nanaimo for the
month of April was as follows: Spirits,
1228.72; malt, $786.67; cigars, $120.
Total, $1,180.89.	
Average School Attendance.
Following are the average attendances
at the public schools for April:
Central School—W. Hunter, prin. .21.27
1st Division—,1. Shaw, principal. 42 20
2d Division—J. Galloway  44 10
8d Division—Miss Lawson    41.89
4th Division—Miss Mebius   48.05
6th Division—Miss Hartt 47 80
6th Division—Miss Haarer  ..
7th Division—Miss Muir	
8th Division—Mi--s Woodman
Blood means sound health. With pare,
rich, healthy blood, the stomach and digestive organs will be vigorous, and there
-win be no dyspepsia. Rheumatism and
Neuralgia will be unknown. Scrofula and
Bait Rheum will disappear.   With pure
Tour nerves will be strong, and your
sleep sound, sweet and refreshing.
Hood'B Sarsaparilla makes pure blood.
That is why it cures bo many diseases.
That is why so many thousands take lt
to cure disease, retain good health, prevent sickness and suffering.   Remember
Is the One True Blood Purifier, tl; six for |5.
u       .,    rt...    cure Liver Ills; easy to
flOOU S PUIS take, easy to operate. 2M.
Watch this Space for Particulars of the
White Rimmed
Hyslop Bicycles
And why you Bho'.ild net your WIkm-Ih
repaired nt
^.rliijgtoi} Hotel.
Sir Charles Tupper said he would lay down his life for the cause of the minority—and thus he lies.
I living completed the erection of the Arlington
Intel at NANOOSE BAY, this humlsome and
■ommocUous hotel is now prepared to receive
un! comfortably entertain travelers and others.
- presided over hy Mrs. Thompson, and the
aide d'linie constantly provided with all the
eliearles of the season. Combined with tho
■sant furnished apartments, the visitor duds
io surroundings of the most pleasant doBcrip-
nii Scotch Bakery
Has not ohnngod lianas—only oue ol the
purlnors Inn. retired; but
Our Celebrated Bread
Is made hy the same hands, and eusto-
iners can depend upon getting the same
Sweet Bread and
Fresh Cakes——.—w
From the present Proprietor.
NEW AD] '!■: II Tls EM EN TS.
Queen's Birthday
lsi Division
2d Division—Mi
Ol "1II   WAK11.
.Miss Duncan,.
1st Division*
2d Division-
-!\liss Dobcson.
-Miss Edwards
,69 2J
44 56
Sonera) Statistics.
The vital statistics for April were—
Births, 5; marriages, 3; deaths (thru,
months registrations), 12.
There were eight eases in the city
police court this month, to wit: Supply- i
Ing Intoxicants to Indians, 1; fighting, 2;
drunkenness. '■',; liquor tn possession, 1;
unlawfully disposing ol dead body of a
child, I. '
The Provincial  Police Courl  returns I -
82..60 SEALED TENDERS will he received
I by  tin- Celebration Committee up to
«.85l   Monday, May 11,1890
for the exclusive privilege "f supplying
the following on the Caledonian (j rounds
on Miiy 25 and 20:
1.   Winrs, Liquors and Cigars.
L\   Temperance  drinks,   Ice   cream,
fruits and candles,
:i.   Eatables,
Tenders may in- made separately or
Each tender musl be accompanied by
certified cheque for amount of tender,
Cheques returned to unsuccessful l.i.i-
By order of rommitt.ee.
li. 1). PRESLEY,
Shoving thc Dates and Places of
Courts of Assize, Nisi Priiis, Oyer
aud Terminer, nnd General Gaol
Delivery for the year 1896,
Spring Assizes,
Nanaimo   Tuesday.
New Westminster Tuesday,
Vancouver  Tuesiluy.
Clinton Monday ,
Victoria    Tuosday,
Kamloops    Monday .
Vernon   Monday
•Nelson   Monday
•Donald   Monday .
•Special Assise.
Partnership Notice
Court of Revision
NOTICE is hereby given that Edwin
Matthews has beeu admitted a partner I
in the above business,   lu future the
business will lie carried on bv the un-!
dersigned under the style and name   f
Wilson & Matthews, who will asaun.el
nth  Muv  "" "abilities and collect all debts due
12th Mav I'he said business, and we trust that by J
19th Mav • careful attention tn the needs of our1
25th Mav ' customers, to merit a continuance of the
26th Mav  patronage so liberally beBtowed in the
'.1st June l-asl-
. 8th June Jdhomb Wilson,
.15ili June lMm',*s Mawhkwb,
22ndJune Nanaimo, B. C, April 7,1890.
Kevier House
for the month of April are as follows:  Avrt,OT1-|c1i    \V.. ..i/wl   The Courl of Revision for tho City of
Unlawfully permitting stallions to run  llrOiHMSI     ll MllllHI   .. .,,,   ,  ,,.   .,    ,,.
at large, 2',  supplying  Intoxicants to VASiCUllOl    ii UIIIXVI  Nanaimo will be hold in the Olty Ooun-
Indians, 2; violation ni Game Aet, I;
conniving at supply of Intoxicants, I;
assaault, I; total, 7.
^ •*■	
The Intermediates will play the Black
DiamondB here next Saturday, nnd the
Beavers of Vancouver on tho 28th.
The Seniors nf Victoria and Westminster have patched up their troubles, and
a schedule foi n triangular series of
games has been arranged lor the coming
Thc last Association match of the season will be played next Monday afternoon at Devrll square between the Tar
Flats and the Squaw Hill team.
The first paine of the professional
league series wns played at Victoria on
Saturday between the home team and
tne Scuttle nine, resulting in a victory
for the former by 2 to 1, with only 2 and
3 errors respectively.
The Rifle Shoot.
At Saturday's shoot of the Rifle club
the following scores were made: l'ittcn-
drlgli 76, Wall 88, Barker 74, ,his. McGregor 62, Miller 80, Watson 7ii, Ilittan-
OOUrt 18, l leo. Thompson 50, Deimisey 47,
Leighton 27. The shoot for the Association cup will login next Saturday.
Ains.vorth was destroyed by lire Sun-
rlnv night. It commenced in McNeil's
Halo m and swept all the stores and
hotels.   No lives were lost.
cil ! 'hituihcrs
APPLICATIONS fur the position of
Organist fur the Wallace Street Metho-
ilisl Church will he received liv the undersigned up to II p. ni. on Thursday,
tiie 7th instant. Applicants to stale
their terms.
Seoretary Trustee Hoard.
The Globe Hotel
Has been renovated and re-furnished,
and iB now conducted as a first-class
Mb. Ai.bekt Raccii can be found as
Superior accommodation is provided
for the public.
Tbe Nanaimo Bakery Excels
The Popular Bakers.
Wednesday, May 27,1B96
ul 10 o'clock a. in.,
when any appeal  from  the  assessment
for 18110 will be beard.
By order,
City Clerk.
Johnston Block, Bastion St.
H. McTEIGUTPriptor,
—Full nnd Complete Stock of—
Furniture, Mattresses, Lounges,
Upholstered Good* of nil Kind* Mndo and Re-
puiruii.  KurniMir.1 of all description bought
and Mild.   MnttruHHes repaired mul delivered
the sumo day.   A trial order Kolielted.
Aair   ttW    .'. I ClIAMI'AONK ClIIKll
ASH. 1UI      . \ 8oDA Watkb
Lawrence's (gffiJSL
MnnnlnctiirerofTcmperKilcc nrliik«,Hyrups,Ao.
Delivered free to mi purls of city ana vimnlty.
£-ar- l-ioniiit Rllciition paid lonhliiplliKorderi.
^Telephone 2.4. 1'. O. Box 79. Niiumo.
MRS, JAS.   HAWKING,  (late of the i
Temperance House) desires to ex-1
press her thanks  to the  public  for
former patronage, and now begH to
hi nie that the Kevier House has
been comfortably arranged for the
accommodation of boarders, steady
or transient. Single or double rooms
With hot or cold water baths, and
electric light iii each room. Every-
1111111! strictly tirst-class and charges
moderate. Remember the house, a
half-minute's walk from the old
stand north.
Flmt-clasB Accommodation. Fire-proof building
Terms: Sl.00 Per Day and Upwards.
The Doon Hotel,
JAS. BENNKTT, Proprietor.
Commercial St.,      Nanaimo, B. C.
Market, Bastion Street.
Steamers nnd Shipping supplied on short notice
at Wholesale I'rlcrs.
*.T BROOKS', 50 ym7i^^!tf.'1
The K.P.S.
«  i-
FeKrECT Fitting
Shirt Waist.
The attention of the Ladies of Na-
o is called toour lnrge assortment of
Spring Dry Goods.
In Silks wc are showing beautiful Taffetas, Shot,
Broches, Surahs, Japanese and China Silks, Velvets, Doras Velvets, Plushes, etc.
DRESS GOODS-For spring and summer service.
The rarest and most beautiful to suit the
most fastidious.
WASH GOODS-We have the latest in Crinkle,
Prints, Muslin, Ducks, Sateens, Ginghams.
This unique and attractive assortment of goods being latest novelties
of a reliable kind is calculated to meet the tastes and preferences
of every lady likely to enter our store.   We are always pleased to show goods.
Jack, what made yon look so nice last night  in
Jack—Why Tom, because I had [such a clean shirt
and collar on and such nice polish on them.
Tom—Where did you get them done?
Jack—At the '
pioneer Steam Laundry
Tom—No more Chinamen for me.   They ruib my Bhirts.
Jack—Drop a card in Post Office Box 95 or leave word at lino's Barbor
Shop and the wagon will call on you at onco.
Terms strictly cash, C. O. I).
D. M. STEWART, Proprietor.


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