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The Nanaimo Mail Feb 15, 1896

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NO. 35.
JN Jli V -LJll1   -DJ^-t UKUi mo have Groceries and
all other goods been sold at gUC]] JjQW   PrfceS*
That my prices are at the bottom, ehquiry- will convince
the most skeptical. Note the following, Which are
samples.    Everything else is in the same ratio.
Hungarian Flour—Lake of the Woods $1 25 per sack
Pastry Flour from  1 00       "
Rolled Oats, choice-goods, 301bs   1 00
Small White Beans, extra line, 401bs   1  00
Bayou Beans,"extra fine, 40lbs   1 00
Prunes, very superior, 121bs   1 00
Potatoes, quality guaranteed, per sack       65
Jams,  51b pails       50
"      71b pails *.65 and     75
"      quality first-class, 31b glass jars       40
"      lib tins, 8 tins   1 00
Peas, Beans, Corn, Tomatoes, all new goods,
warranted choice, 10 tins    1 00
Raisins, very choice Valencias, 141b.s   1 00
Good Muscatelles, 20lbs  1 90
Gum Boots and Rubbers—these are down to COST.
Felt Slippers—a very fine line, 25 per cent. off.
Boots and Shoes largely roduced.
The Patent Automatic Oil Can is a dandy; it works to
perfection.     Get one; we don't charge anything
for it.
Victoria Crescent.
Dr. Walkem's $40 Exemption
Bill Passes the House.
Constitutionality oftlie Act Excluding
Chinese From the Mines to Be
Tested—A number of Important Measures.
Clearance Sale
I m m wm vm
Must be disposed of at Sacrificing Prices to satisfy the Mortgagee,
who demands that the entire stock must be sold
For Cash Only.
Women's Strong Lace Boots, 50 cents.
Infants' Button Boots, 25 cents.
Men's Brogans, 75 cents.
Men's Patent Leather Oxfords, $2.00.
j!      E. E. C. JOHNSON,       :      :       Manager.
100 PAIR
of England Cloth.
Your Choice for  -  -  -
OVERCOATS—A fine line of those Heavy
Chinchillas.   Will clear at $20.00.
The Fashionable Tailor,
Commercial Street.
(From Our Own Corresponcleut.)
Mr. Speaker being still ill, Mr.
Booth was chosen acting Speaker.
The Private Bills committee reported that the B. C. Southern Ky.,
the Nelson Electric Light Co., the
N. W. ,& B. i. Telephone Co., and
the N. \V. & Vancouver Short Line
Co. had complied with the usual
A list of the bonds furnished by
provincial employes was presented
by Hon. Col. Baker.
Mr. Smith introduced a bill to
amend the charier of the B.C. Southern Ky., and Mr. Keilie a hill to in-
corporate the Nelson Eleotrio Light
Co. Both bills were read a first time.
Mr. Rithet moved the following:
Wubeeas, A resolution is before this
House pointing out the urgent necessity for a vessel to render assistance to
vessels and their urews in oasu of shipwreck oti tin* west roust, of Vancouver
Island; and whereas, in order to render
auish service of the greatest utility, it is
desirable that telegraphic communication hIhiiiIiI he maintained with as little
interruption us possible; and whereas the
telegraph line now existing between Victoria and Carmanah Point, on the west
coast of Vaneouverisland, is maintained
and operated by u private company,
and communication is frequently interrupted for li>nn intervals on account of
the wires being down ; unci whereas t.iis
service is ut the greatest Importance and
necessity, and might be made of greater
efficiency and utility if managed uml
controlled by some ol the departments of
I tin* Dominion thiverunient at Victoria
Instead of as at present; be it
Retohtd, Thai a respectful address he
presented to his honor the Lieutenant-
tiovernor requesting him to press upon
the Dominion Government the desirability of placing the telegraph line and
service between Victoria and Oarmanah
j Puiiii under the direct management ami
•oniroi of some-department of the Dominion Government at Victoria, with n
! view to Its greater efficiency and utility
< in tlie publi' Interest, humane us well
j us commercial,
Mr. Rithet, in moving this resolution, disclaimed any desire on bis
j part to interfere with any private
j rights.
lion. Mr. Turner said this was a
J resolution of much importance,and
I should puss the House unanimously.
The resolution passed.
A motion for the return of the
report of the Provincial Auditor as
; to the accounts of the East Lillooet
I road superintendent was passed.
llll.l.S   INTUODUCKD.
Col. baker introduced  a  bill to
| repeal the Development of Quart/.
Mines and Amending Act.
Mr. Kherls introduced the following hills:
To Amend the Supreme Court Aet;
To Relieve the Municipality of Langley;
To further Amend the lire Insurance
Policy Aet;
To Further Amend the Sheriffs Act.
These bills were all read a first
Mr. Semlin asked the Minister of
1. At what expense was the office of
Mining Recorder removed from Rich-
I tielii to Barkervllle—- i. •*., to winter
2. H us there any opposition to Stlcll removal on the pari ut the people living there?
3. Why was the office so removed?
: 4.   Is liie ussuver ut llurkervillc competent to assay rcliaclui'y.orcs?
5.  ilus this assuyer ever passed an examination lor assayingi
0. At what 'ost. was the chloriuatiou
works ereeled?
7. Does the Government own the reduction works o Island Mountain? If
so, have they been leased to any parties, and what rental is to he paid ;
also, the term lor whluh the lease is
to be held, and by whom?
1. Three hundred dollars.
2. The Government did not hear of any.
3. Because it was considered more con-
\  idem, as the business centre wasut
4. This question is out of order, inasmuch as it auks for an opinion.
5. The assuyer has passed an examination for assaying.
<>.  (Answer not given.)
7, The reduction works on island Mountain are leased lor tlUO per annum
and 3 pcreent. royalty on ores taken
III answer to Mr. Mncplierson, Mr.
Turner said it was not the intention of the Government to amend
the Assessment Act in relation to
the so-called tax on mortgages at
this session.
Col. Baker brought down a ro-
turn in connection  with the ap
pointment of the Chief Justice as a
commissioner to revise and consolidate the statutes and which was
called for by Dr. Walkem.
Another return was also brought
down in relation to the settlement
of the railway lands dispute between the Province and the Domin*
ion Government.
ON   Itltt'OliT,
The Mischievous Animals Bill
was considered on report and further consideration deferred,
A message was read from the
Lieut.-Governor transmitting a bill
authorizing the sale of public lands
for school purposes.
The House considered this bill in
committee and reported.
Mr. Macpherson asked a number
of questions in relation to grants to
physicians in sparsely populated
employes' wages mix.
Mr.   Kellie's bill to secure employes their wages to the extent of
three months in preference to other
creditors passed its second reading.
This bill was read a second time.
This bill came up for second reading, but the debate on it was adjourned.   House then adjourned.
The acting Speaker took the chair
at 2 i'. m.
The House went into committee
on the message of the Lieut.-Governor in relation the bill to enable
the Crown to sell public lands to
create a fund for school purposes.
On the motion to rise and report
the bill, the Opposition called for
some explanation as to how the bill
was to be worked.
Mr. Turner said it was not customary to give any information at
this stage of the bill, and refused to
give any.
The Opposition still pressed for
information, but the treasury benches remained dumb. At. one time it
looked as though there was going
to be a dead-lock, but at last the
Opposition gave way, and the euin-
iinltee rose and reported the hill,
which was read a first time.
,wf. Martin Wished to proceed
with the second reading, hut the
Opposition objected, and it. was laid
over until Wednesday,
The following  bills  were  introduced and read a first time:
To Amend the Aet In >orporating  the
Nelson >v Vernon Telephone Oo.
To Incorporate the Asheroft A Oariboo
To Amend' the Aet  Incorporating the
N. W. & 1'.. I. Telephone Oo.
To Amend the Aet Incorporating the
.Nelson Electric Light t'o.
Mr. Hunter introduced a bill to
incorporate the Pacific Gold and
Silver Mining Company.
This hill was  reported complete
without amendments and passed its
third reading.
Mr. Eberts moved the second
reading of this bill, which provided
protection for qualified lawyers in
certain courts of the Province from
the opposition of clever unlicensed
men who deprived them of their
legal practice.
Mr. Keilie objected to the bill, as
he thought any qualified voter of
the Province ought to lie allowed to
appear and act as agent in the
lower courts; and as many parts of
Kootenay wore unprovided with
members of the legal profession,
they would like to get along without" them as long as possible.
Dr. Walkem said that, whenever
the interests of the legal profession—
who, by the* way, were the most
pampered wards of Parliament
were at stake, the Attorney-General
was always very officious in throwing around them a cloak of legislation; and he also observed that
lawyers from both sides of the
House sank their political differences and followed suit.
Mr. Helmcken—Hear, hear.
Dr. Walkem said he heard the
honorable gentleman. It was a notorious fact that, whenever any legislation was introduced which interfered in any way with the income
of the profession, the Attorney-General and the members for Victoria
and Vancouver (Messrs. Helmoken
anil Williams) held up both hands
against the measure, and if necessary would put their feet up too.
Hi' was sorry to see the stand they
took in reference to the rights of
the working classes in this House,
lie had the honor the other day to
move the second reading of the $-10
exemption   bill.     What   did   the
House observo on that occasion?
They noticed that the Attorney-
General spoke strongly against the
bill, although he voted for the second reading; while the other two
tried .to kill the bill. It was, however, very much alive, and he would
hold out the olive branch and vote
for the second reading of the hill
at present under consideration, with
the hope that they will return the
compliment; but if these offers were
not accepted,then he (Dr. Walkem)
would do his best to defeat the present bill when it went into committee.
The bill was read a second time.
The bill to grant relief to this
municipality in connoction with the
making valid of certain assessment-
rolls and voters' lists in place of
those destroyed by fire passed its
second reading.
This bill, which deals with policies on property subsequently mortgaged, and aiming at assimilating
the conditions of fire insurance
policies in this Province with those
in other parts of Canada, provides
for the repeal of the following clause:
■ 4. Where the loss (if any) under any
policy has, with the consent of the eom-
pany, been made payable to some person or p"rsons or company other than
tin- assured as mortgagee or mortgagees,
said policy shall not be canceled,altered
or otherwise dealt with by the com.
puny upon the application of tin* assured, and in any ease not without reasonable notice to the Bald mortgagee or
mortgagees. Where the loss under any
policy is, with the consent of the company, made payable to a mortgagee or
mortgagees, proof of loss under any sueh
policy may he mude by sueh mortgagee
or mortgagees.
The debute was adjourned.
Mr. Kitchen's Co-operative Association Hill was read a second time.
Mr. Graham withdrew his Line
Fences Bill, and the House then
The acting Speaker took the chair
at 'J p. m.
Mr. Williams' resolution in reference to the residence of a Supreme
Court judge at Vancouver was the
first matter dealt with.
Mr. Turner said lie was opposed
to the motion, as it seemed to him
to be a most childish one.
The Attorney-General also opposed the motion, us a resolution of
the kind prof itfed was disrespectful
to the judges themselves.
Mr. Keilie moved an amendment
on the same lines, but asking that
the judge should he stationed in
Kootenay, and in support of Ins
amendment stated that Kootenay
had matters of much more vital
importance than anything in Vancouver.
Dr. Walkem said that, in the absence of any information as to the
quantity of work for a judge at Vancouver, he would vote against both
the amendment and the motion.
He (Dr. Walkem) was very much
surprised, when in Westminster last
fall, to. hear that the County Court
judge, who had local Supreme Court
[lowers, was almost incessantly employed On Supreme Court work, and
that it was with the greatest difficulty he could be gut to --it in the
County Court. Sueh a state of
tilings should not be allowed to continue. He understood that the Conservative wing of the Opposition
were doing their utmost to have a
member of the Westminster bar appointed to the vacant judgeship. In
that case it would be as well to let
the matter lay over, as ultimately
there might he no necessity for the
Mr. Helmoken said that he understood the appointment of the
judges lay altogether within the
power of the Governor General; and
knowing that, be held it was derogatory to this House to ask him to
compel any judge to live in any
prescribed district.
Mr. Cotton i-aitl be thought the
House was already aware of the
large amount of business there was
for a Supreme Court judge for Vancouver city. It was a great source
of inconvenience and delay to the
mercantile community to be without the services of such an official.
It was true that Mr. MeOreight resided in Vancouver, but it was not,
perhaps, generally known that he
insisted in holding court within the
bounds of his district—namely, in
New Westminster.
On motion of Mr. Hunter, the
debate was adjourned.
Mr. Sword moved for a return of
the papers and correspondence in
connection with the recent loan of
£420,0(10, and a copy of the prospectus issued with it, and the instructions given to Messrs. Woolas-
ton it Beelon,
An order was granted for the report of the Provincial Auditor in
J connection with the defalcations of
i J. C. Prevost and W. H. Falding.
Mr. Adams introduced a bill to
preserve the trunk road between
Asheroft and Barkervllle.   Read a
1 first time.
The Rossland Water Co.'s bill received its first reading, after introduction  by  Mr.  Hunter; also the
j Consolidated Railway & Light Co.'s
■ bill, introduced by Mr. Helmcken;
also the Inland Transportation Co.'s
bill, introduced by Mr. Rogers.
Mr. Eberts, in reply to Mr. Keilie,
said the reason  Messrs. Moore and
: Wrong were refused  a license was
because the owners of the property
' protested against it.
Mr. Sword asked the C.C.of L.&
■ W. a lot of questions about the log
■scalers which he could have ascertained from the B. C. Gazette.
Mr. Sword asked the Minister of
j Finance—
Did the government receive any intimation that they could have the
amount of the loan of £4120,000 subscribed in Victoria? If so, what wus the rate
offered, and what would have been the
net amount received by the government.
Hon. Mr. Turner replied:
No, the government received a proposal in Victoria torsiibseription in London
I The rate  offered   wus B2)$,   less  flve-
I eighths of one per cent, commutation
tax,for Inscribed Btock delivered; from
this a further deduction hail to be made
j of one-quarter per cent, brokerage, and
one-quarter per cent, bank of issue, and
some Incidental expenses for completion
I of inscribed stock. Not knowing the
amount of Incidental expenses I eannot
state the net amount that would have
been received.
Mr. Sword asked the Minister of
Did you state In Montreal, as reported
in Colonist of 2nd October last, that
paities went to the stock exchange in
Loudon and offered British Columbia
bonds at a lower rute than they were
Belling when you arrived there? What
amount of bonds were so offered? Did
you call the intention of the trustees for
the sinking fund of the province to this
opportunity of making a profitable investment of any fund in their bands!
Hon. Mr. Turner replied—
I stated that I was informed, a short
time before the issue of the B. C. loan,
that parties were endeavoring to depreciate the Credit of the province by
[tearing the Btock, and that offers were
actually made of the stock at a decline
from previous rates.   I cannot say the
ai int so offered. 1 did not advise the
Mr. Turner, in rcp'v to Mr. Cot-
Ion, said no immigration agent had
been appointed in Eastern Canada
or elsewhere.
Hon. Mr. Eberts, in answer to a
question, said the attention of the
(iovernment had been first called
to the irregularities in Prevost's accounts on Aug. 1(>, 1895, and that
the Government had already made
good any court funds he had misappropriated.
I>r. Walkem asked the Attorney-
Does the Government contemplate tak-
ing any steps towards lesting the constitutionality (under the Supreme court
reference act or otherwise) of  that sec-
Ition of the coul mines regulation act
which prohibits the employment of Chi-
i nesc in the underground workings of the
i British Columbia collieries?
Hon. Mr. Eberts replied in the
The Inferior Courts Praetitionms
i Amendment Bill and Langley Municipality bill both went through
Mr. Kitchen's Co-operative Assc-
elation  Bill went into committee, ,
! which, after getting  us  far as the
twentieth clause, rose and reported
progress.  House then adjourned.
Mr. Booth took the chair at 2 p.m.
Mr. Hunter presented the fifth report of the Private Bills committee
t in favor of the petition of the San-
dow Waterworks Company.     The
! committee also asked the meaning
of the word "district" in the rules
of  the   House  where  they provide
thai notices must be advertised in
one newspaper publishedin the district affected  -whether it was the
electoral district  or something else.
Mr. Rithet rose to a question of
privilege with respect to the answer
made regarding the provincial loan.
| As the offer had been made through
! him, he disclaimed doing anything
i in the matter to jeopardise his posi-
i tion as a member of the House.
Hon.  Mr. Turner expressed regret that his answer should have
j given rise to any misunderstanding.
Mr. Helmcken introduced a bill
to amend the ''Distress for rent act,
1895."    Read n first time.
Mr, Graham introduced his
bill to amend the "Lii e
fences and water-course act" anil
amending acts. Read a first time.
Mr. Sword moved for a return
showing the amount received as
fees for log sealing up to the 31st
December, 1895, with particulars
in each case.    Agreed to. THE NEWS OF THE DAY
Short   anil   Interesting   Paragraphs    that
Treat of Men anil Thlugs in a
Returns from four poliinz places in
Dauphin give Mr. Burrows 86 majority.
A sleet storm has demoralized railway
traffic and telegraph communication in
the east.
The Canadian Pacific railway depot at
Parkdale, Ont.. was burned a few day3
ago, loss about $0,000.
The winter carnival at Quebec wae
recently opened by Lieut - Governor
Chapleati amid a blaze of glory.
C. P. II. trartie for the week ending
Jan. 'J 1, amounted to $."41,000. In the
same week last year it was $274,000,
Wm. ti. flay, aged 85, for 40 years one
of Listowell's prominent and public
spirited residents,  died the other night.
The wholesale fancy goods firm of
Kobertson & Co., Toronto, is in the
hands of receivers. The assets and liabilities are each about $30,000.
Mr. Joseph Hobscn has been appointed
chief engineer of the Grand Trunk system, with headquarters at Montreal. Mr.
L'. Hannafoid having recently resigned
that position.
Fred Norley, accused ofsettina fire to
a boat house in the east end cf Toronto
several years ago, was discharged at the
criminal assize.-, judge Robertson taking
the case from the jury.
At a special cabinet meeting just held
at Madrid it was resolved to increase the
duties on imports into Cuba and especially or. foreign goods in order to meet
the war expenditures.
A large  crowd   of several   thousand
people which recently gathered at the [
public drawing of the idobo lottery at
Havana were much incensed to find the
lottery temporarily suspended.
Isaac Ilae, of Chatham, was sentenced
recently to three years in the pemtenti- j
ary for abducting the little daughter of
his wife, who   had  been   placed   in the
home by the Children's Aid society.
A large crowd of unemployed work-
men waited on Mayor Fleming of To- j
ronto the other (lav at the city tali, de- I
cianding work.    The mayor expressed
sympathy, and promised all the assist-[
auce possible.
U. S. Seeretar7 I duey has received by !
cable an appeal from American residents
at Johannesburg, praying that a diplomatic representative of the I'nited .-rates
be sent into tne Transvaal to look after
their interest.
W. 1' Kc-s. of Toronto, a cripple, once
a prominent  jeweller of that city was
recently arrested, charged with stealing
$203 from the I iurney .-tove Manufactur- >
ing com] any. where he had Lees em :
ployed since' failing in business.
A committee ha? been  appointed   to |
consider all smelter propositions placed :
before the city of Vancouver and report
to the council.   Mr. Pellew Harvey, representing a Scotch syndicate, and Mr. t
Monckton will submit propositions.
Flags are at half must on all the gov-1
eminent and municipal buildings of Halifax, out of respect to the memory  of.
Prince Henry of Battenburg.    A resolution of condolence with the Queen was,
adopted by the provincial legislature.
Tho*,. Mouri. of South Yarmouth, was
out shooting the other day with his i
brother Kdwtird. The iatter's gun went
off accidentally, the contents entering
the leirs of Thomas, below the knee.!
Blood poisoning set iu and he died a few-
days after.
The Toronto World's Montreal corres-'
pondent saye it is now said sir William j
Van Home will not leave the Canadian j
Pacific until the road's earning capacity
will be mad'.' sure, and the stocknoiders
are getting back good interest on their
Word has just been received at New
York to the effect that the Raymond and
Whitcomb  special   California excursion
train which left there the other day had
been wrecked at Crooked  Run, Va-. on j
tho Norfolk and Western railway.   None |
of the passengers were injured, but the!
;,ead porter of one of the sleeping cars
was Instantly killed.     The   tram was
bound for Mexico and California.
f)r. Bryce, provincial medical health
oriicer of (mtario has received a communication from Markworth, Northumberland county, stating that tests with
tuberculine had been made on a number
of cattle suspected of being infected with
tuberculosis. Fifteen of the twenty cattle experimented on proved to be tuberculosis. I our were slaughtered and postmortem examinations proved the dicg-
nosis correct in each case.
The reward in connection with the discovery of the origin of the tire th«t destroyed the i isgoodby building in Toronto has been made the subject cf litigation. Private detective James McCul-
lough c aims that information he furnished Ie 1 :o tho recent conviction of
McMillan and has entered actibn against
tho Canadian Fire t'nderwriters for
$1,000, the amount of the reward offered.
About two a.m. ou a recent morning
while Mrs. Patch, wife of a conductor on
the C.P.K, at schreiber was coming
down stairs with a lighted lamp in her
hand, and going for a drink of water for
a child, she stumbled. The lamp fell and
exoloded. The unfortunate woman then
fainted. Ker night dress caught fire and
while unconscious she was terribly
burned from the soles of her feet to the
top of her head and died in a few hours.
General Uichard Lawrence, the last of
the five Lawrence brothers who distinguished themselves in India, has died at
Biarritz, i .eneral Lawrence was one of
twelve children whose father was Colonel
Alexander Lawrence. These children
were born in Ireland, the family being
Irish Protestants. Lord Lawrence, the
the famous viceroy and governor-general
of India, sir George St. Patrick Lawrence and Sir Henry Lawrence, all greatly distinguished in Indian affairs, were
his brothers.
A now railway truss bridge is being
erected over the Assiniboine river at
Headingly. by the Canadian Pacific
Kailway company. The material is of
wood and will replace the old wooden
structure which was erected in 1881. A
large number of men are now engaged
in working upon the   "stringers"  and
"sleepers" already on the ground, The
company is doing the work and has not
let it to private tender. The cost is not
known but will be over $12,000. The
work will be completed before the ice
breaks up.
Jonathan Dunham, a well-known resident of Stony Creek, Out., met with a
shocking death the other day. He and
his wife retired late the previous night
and were awakened early next morning
by the explosion of a lamp left burning
all night. Dunham jumped out of bed
and picked up the shattered lamp with
the object of throwing it out of the window. His night clothes caught fire and
in an instant he was enveloped in flames.
His cries of agony brought neighbors to
the spot and they found him rolling in
the snow endeavoring to extinguish the
fire. His injuries were terrible, and after
lingering a few hours in great agony, he
died.   Deceased was but 2S Years ofage.
Started    by   an    Tni'euillary    Puti.-ut— >'o
I.Ires Lost,
C. L. Mitchell, a patient at the Matta-
wan hospital ■ for the state insane at
1'oughkeepsie, N. Y„ set tire to that institution ;n five different places, and for
a few hours the buildings were threatened with destruction. Fire was at first
discovered in the cellar under the kitchen, •■vhicn is some distance from where
the patients were confined. No sooner
was the effort made to extinguish the
names than it was discovered that the
north wing was blaring, directly under
where over a hundred patient? were located in the wards. Smoke was fast
filling the building and the patients
were terror stricken, especially the women. The pyromaniac had made the
most careful preparations for the destruction of the building, as small piles of
shavings were found so systematically
distributed as to have enveloped the
whole north wing in Barnes had a half
hour's time been lost after the first discovery of the blaze. Meanwhile several
scattered blares were discovered in various sections of the asylum, and soon the
fires were beyond the control of the
hospital attendants, even with their excellent facilities in an emergency of that
kind, and he'p was summoned from Fish
Hill Landing, about two miles distant.
The Beacon" and Tompkins Hose company arrived in a short time, and it took
the combined forces of the hospital attaches and the others until seven o'clock
in the evening to get the fire past the
danger point. The men patients, a do ten
or more, who had every opportunity to
escape, worked heroically ahd it was due
in some instances to their exertions that
the tenor stricken patients were assisted
to a place of safety. Dr. Allison, the
superintendent, says they throughout
the building acted in a manner so cool
and so couaageous us to astonish the
do. tors. Dr. Allison said that it would
be impossible to give an estimate of the
loss.   None of the patients were injured,
The Lautl of tiie  Free   >'ot   Well   Kepre-
rtentetl In Turkey
W. I.. -*achtleben. American cyclist,
who went to Asia Minor, in scar :. for
frank Lear, the missing Pittsburg wheelman, has written a letter to his father in
Altcona, ill. The young American is
still as Erzermoun, and takes occasion in
the letter to strongly condemn Mr, Ter-
reh, I nited States minister at Constant!
nop'.e for hie refusal to assist in the
capture and prosecution of the murderers
of I.en;. Eight cf the twelve men under
arrest for the murder cf Lenr. were
leased from the prison of the Kurds and
made soldiers during massacres at Ers-
ermoun. They were Kurd-, the other
four were Armenians. After things had
quieted down somewhat Satchleben says
fie attempted the re-capture of the Kurd-
released, but Minister Terrell showed no
disposition to aid him. and -achtleben
was well nigh discouraged. Mr. Sachtle-
ben expressed hope of being heme botore
a great while. His aitempts to bring the
murderers of I.anz to justice promises to
be a failure, and at great personal danger
he will leave Erzermoun if opportunity
to do so safely presents itself
I* the Cause of Much Trouhle to the I'. 5.
The genera! manageis of the lines in
the eastern committee of the Western
Passenger association met recently to
consider the 'lueBtion of party rates.
which are making trouble all over the
association territory. Trunk lines have
been requested by the Oceanic Steamship
company to make a material reduction in
overland rates. It wants them to enable
it to oaBe on a j,'1-! first-clase rate and a
.f,',.v"0 rate from New York to San Francisco in the construction of through rates
to Australian ports. Thee- are the rates
which it is claimed the Canadian Pacific
is basing upon from New York to Vancouver and ii desires to be put in a position
to meet the same rateB without cutting
its own share of the tariff. The trunk
lines have referred the matter to the
western roads and the latter will have a
consultation with the Canadian Pacific
before they take any action, as the Canadian Pacific is a member of the Western
Passenger association, and they are
bound to protect its interests against
those of any outsider.
Canada's Power to Embroil (.rear Britain
In War,
Hall Caine, the author, ha- favored the
press with an advance copy cf the report
which he will shortly make at the meeting of the authors' society. In this report he ventures the opinion that nothing in the Venezuela and Transvaal
questions can be found more likely to
breed serious international and colonial
disputes than the Canadian copyright
question. He points out in his statement,
the power that Canada has to embroil
England in a quarrel through unfriendly
legislation towards the United States on
the part of the Dominion, and details at
length how a compromise may be
brought about between the different interests. Commenting on the generous
treatment he received while in America,
he continues : "On my return the Right
Hon. Jos. Chamberlain, secretary of state
for the colonies, expressed much gratification at the prospect of an amicable adjustment of what threatened to become
an awkward question. The parliament
council has revised the draft of the act
with great wisdom, and after considerable research this document has been returned to Ottawa, where it now is in
the bauds of the secretary of state, who
believes that the interests of authors
should be safeguarded. Iu the meantime
we may congratulate ourselves on having
shown Canada a way to protect herself,
aud yet of adhering to the terms of the
Lerne convention. This enables the
I'nited States to retain all of the substantial advantages of the American
copyright, at the same time having reached terms permitting an expression of
peace and good will toward all of the
interested classes of the Dominion.''
Ileferringto Prof. Goldwin Smith's do-
sire for one copyright law for the whole
Empire, Mr. Caine says: -'That would
be our watch-word until the morning
after America abandons her manufacturing clause and joins tho Berne convention.'' In conclusion. Mr. Caine said:
"If we have solved the copyright question by considering it solely as a matter
between Canada and America, which it
is in the main, we have recognized at the
same time that it is only one of the dangers
that lies between two great countries
whose geographical situation may make
the cause of many troubles in the future.
It is hard to conceive ot any just cause
for war oetween England and the United
States, but if war ever takes place, it will
be because of friction between our great
Dominion and the states alongside of it.
An Englishman cannot cross Niagara
river witnout realizing to his great pain
that the lire which burned so fiercely on
Queenstown Heights smoulders still on
both sides of that turbulent water."
Detected lu Selling a Fink Colored Pill,
Which He Represented to be Dr. Williams' Fink Pills—The Court Grants a
Perpetual Injunction Restraints'*: Him
r rum Ottering an Imitation ol This
Great Medicine—Some Facts the Public
Will Do Well to Bear in Hind.
To the U. **. 1'ln.u of   Fixing  the  Bearing
Mi-,* Damage*.
Secretary Olney was called on recently
by Sir Julian Pauncefoote, British ambassador, who submitte i the final acceptance of the British Government of
the plan of a Beliriiu.' Sea commission to
pass upon the clairne of Canadian sealers
seized prior to the Paris award. It remains only for the president to submit
the plau to congress; nnd as the legislative branch has refused to pay a lump sum
for these seizures, it is considered certain
that the commission arrangement will he
approved. It is quite likely that the
president in submitting the pmns to congress, may suggest once more the desirability of a lump payment as the most
expe iient mean- ot settlement, for tiie
Commission of arbitration, if agreed to,
will bind the I'. S, to any payment
awarded, which may for exceed the lump
sum proposed. The commission is to be
composed ol'one American commissioner,
one British commissioner and an umpire,
to be chosen by the two. The personnel
of the commission has not been suggested, but it is believed that tiie president
of Switzerland will be askod to act as
umpire, or some on designated by him if
the session-of the commission necessitate
the presence of the umpire in the country.
In view of the pending request of the
Venezuelan commission to the British
government, Sir Julian's call at the state
department on the Behring Sea matter
let! to some comment as to Creat Britain's probable answer to the ietter of
Justice Brewer, transmitted' through
Secretary Olney, but is understood that
the ambassadur had no information to
impart on this subject, and that the
British foreign otlice has not given any
intimation as yet as to his purpose.
There is no reason to believe, however,
that there will be no action on the Brewer letter within a month or more, as the
request will go through the usual slow
channels of diplomacy. The answer of
Venezuela is expected to be delayed until about Feb. 1-1, as the mail transmission of the request and answer will take
until then.
In the High Court of Justice yesterday
morning, before Mr. Justice Meredith,
the case of Fulford v. McGahey was
heard. It consisted of a motion for an
injunction to restrain Fred McGahey
from selling a pill which he claimed to be
Dr. Williams' Pink Pills for Pale People.
Mr. Douglass E. Armour appeared for
the plaintiffs, and stated that the defendant had been peddling these goods
around Victoria County, claiming them
to be Dr. Williams' genuine Pink Pills.
It was impossible, however, on the face
of it, that they could be genuineTfor he
sold them greatly below what they cost
at wholesale price. The defendant had
given consent, Mr. Armour said, that the
motion should be changed for one of
judgment against him, No defence was
offered, and his Lordship gave an order
for judgment restraining McGahey from
continuing to vend the article 'as Dr.
Williams' Pink Pills for Pale People.
The above paragraph, taken from the
legal columns of the Toronto Globe of the
! "th inst.. contains a warning which
every person in Canada in need of a
medicine will do well to heed, and shows
the care and pains the Dr. Williams'
Medicine Company takes to protect the
public from imposition, and to preserve
the reputation of their famous Pink Pills.
It is only a medicine that possesses
more than usual merit that is worth imitation. Ordinary medicines are not eub-
ject to that kind of treatment as there
is not sufficient demand for such medicine worth while.
Dr. Williams' Pink Pills for Pale People have achieved a reputation for sterling merit, unparalleled in the history of
medical science, In every part of "the
Dominion the romarkable cures wrought
by the use of this great medicine have
given it a name and a fame which has
made the sale of Pink Pills simply wonderful.
It is because of thi3 great merit, and
the consequent enormous demand for
the medicine, Jiat it is being imitated by
unscrupulous persons in various parts of
the country. The imitation is cheap,
usually is worthless, and is only pushed
because the imitator can make much
more money by its sale than he can by
the sale of the genuine i'ink Pills. Hence
the pains lie takes to sell the imitation.
The Dr. Williams' -Medicine Company
annually spend thousands of dollars endeavoring to press upon the public that
the genuine Pink l'ills can only be purchased in one form—namely in packages
enclosed in a wrapper or label,, which
bears the full trade mark. "Dr. Williams'
Pink Pills for Pale People." No one can
buy they in any other form, not even if
they offered many times their weight in
gold for them. Aud yet in the face of
these continuous warning- there are
people confiding enough to permit s 'ine
unscrupulous dealer to convince them
that he can supply them with the genuine Pink Pills in loose form by the dozen
or hundred, or ounce, or in some other
kind of a box. Anyone v. ho pretends to
be able to do this is telling an untruth.
Bear this in mind and relnse all pills that
do not bear the full trade mark, no matter if they are colored pink, and no matter what the dealer says.
Please beai in mind also that the
formula from which Dr. Williams's Pink
Piiis is compounded is a secret known
only to the company, and anyone who
claims he can supply }*ou with some
other pill "just as good " is guilty of
misrepresentation, for he does not know
the ingredients of the genuine Pink Pills
and is only trying to sell you some other
pill, because he makes more money on ita
The It. Williams' Medicine Company-
is determined to spare no expense in
protecting both the public and themselves, against these unscrupulous imitators, and will always be thankful to
receive information concerning anyone
who oilers to sell an imitation Pink" Pill
purporting it to bo Dr. Williams' Pink
l'ills, or "the same as" the genuine Pink
Pills. Such cases will be investigated by
the company's detective and the name of
the person giving the information will
not be made public, while any expense
entailed in sending us the information
will be promptly refunded.
Ask for Dr. Williams' Pink Pills for
Pale People and take nothing else. They
cure when all other medicines fail.
Hnrglarn   Desjioll
.Senator Lotigheed -aj -   it   Will   Certainly
1'ass the Ho,,.*..
('Senator Lougheed, of Calgary, passed
through Winnipeg a few days ago, returning home fiom Ottawa to return to
private business. In the senators opinion the remedial legislation to be iutro-
deced this session will pass the house of
commons, but it will not he a- drastic a
measure as at first contemplated. Any
defection from the Conservative ranks
will be amply made up by the number of
French Liberals who will* vote with the
government. A few Ontario Conservative M. P.'s will vote against tbeir party,
owing to the fact that they represent
large Orange constituencies. There will
be no difficulty experienced in the senate
in passing the bill. After the measure
has become law. the next difficulty will
be to see that it is operative. The' elections in Manitoba did not cause much
surprise iu the east; the resultB were
Salesman—Do you want to have your
goods sent by any particular express/'
Customer—"Certainly, if yon can find a
particular express.   I can't."
The police of New York have been
notified tiiat part of the collection of
antiques has been stolen from Dr. John
B Fast :;0th street. The entire collection
is yalued at CHi.,,<■„, and the stolen pro-
pertV at $20,000. These antiques were
part of a collection known as the Sehllla
collection, bought some years ago by Dr.
John for $340,000, and composed principally of inlaid gold ami silver work, i >u
investigation it was learned the robber
ur robbers gained entrance to the house
through the rear window over a livery
stable. The police have no clue to the
robbers and have not recovered the property. The house where the robbery
occurred has'for nearly a year been regarded with curiosity by the people
around it. It was formerly occupied by
three families who were well known, but
upon their removal a somewhat mysterious business tenant took possession. He
filled the house with a wonderful collection of antiques, part of which were visible from the street. Thare were splendid tapestries, heavy suits of mail, steel
armor, ancient swords, daggers set with
jewels, old silver plate of massive design,
costly bric-a-brac and hundreds of other
articles. The neighbors often wondered
who occupied the place. Not even tho
name of the occupants or of the possible
business tirm was known to anvone in
the block. Not until the robbery was
the house known as a depository of a
famous collection of antiques known as
the Richard I.oms Schille collection,
brought to the United -tales a year ago
by Dr. John, the present owner, with a
view to its sale to some American museum.
The Breath of the Flues.
Coughs, colds, asthma, bronchitis, sore
throat and lung troubles are cured by
Norway Pine (Syrup. Price 25 and 50
cents. It breathe out the healing virtues
of the pine forests.
What have you in the past year won
That vou at other's faults should gooff?
"Too find that in the year you've done
Most all the things that you swore off.
Sick Heailache,
Dyspepsia, Biliousness, Sour Stomach
and Constipation ariso from wrong action
of tho stomach, liver and bowels. Burdock Blood Bitters cures al! diseases of
those organs.     	
The time to shoot folly is not when it
Hies, but before it Hies.
Heart Disease Keller, ,1 In SO Slluutes.
Dr. Agn^w's Cure for the Heart gives
perfect relief iu all caser of Organic or
Sympathetic Heart Disease in 8 j minutes,
and speedily eifectn acure. It is a peerless remedy for Palpitation, Shortness of
Broatb, Smothering Spells, Pain in Left
Side and all symptoms of a Diseased
Hear'..   One dose convinces.
Sold by all drtiggiste.
Only tho most superior woman will admit that ebe is lacking eutirely in beauty.
Coustlpatlou Cureri.
Gems,—I was in very poor health for
ovor four years, the doctor called it Constipation. Not wanting to Bpend too
much cash, I got three bottles of Burdock
Blood Bitters and took it regularly. I
can certify that I am now in the best of
health and feel very grateful to B. B. B.
Montreal, Que.
Is the Verdict I Would Give or Your Wonderful Medicine, South American
I have been a continual sufferer from
Nervous Debility. Indigestion, Dyspepsia
and general physical weakness for a
number of years, and had been treated
by numerous doctors and specialists
without avail. P.ecently while visiting
in Toronto I was induced byafriend who
had been cured of Bimilar complaints by
its use, to try South American Nervine
Tonic, which I did with the most astonishing results. The very first dose
seemed to "hit the right 3pot," and five
bottles completely cured me, and best of
all I have stayed'eured.
Gratitude for what this grand remedy
has done for me prompts me in making
this statement, which I want yon to
publish far and wide, so that otnera who
suffer from these complaints, may know
that there iB a cure, abso.uteand certain,
within their reach and to be had almost
for the asking,
May South American Nervine ever
prosper, and its proprietors reap the reward they so justly deserve, is the nravsr
of      Yours truly" D. G. (.'WEN.
Picton, i Int., Dec. 19, 1S05.
Books and Pictures for
25 Wrappers.
Bend for a list of
400 Books and 6 Pictures
Milburn'sCod Liver Oil Emuision with
Wild Cherry and Hopophoephites combines the curative powers of Wild
Cherry. Hypophcsphites of Lirue and
Soda, and pure Norwegian Cod Liver Oil
in perfectly palatable form. It is the
beBt for coughs and colds and all lung
troubles.   Price "Oc. and $1,00 per bottle.!
It may he -lated as a businees fact that
Cupid doesn't always pay the debts he
Relief In 8U Hours,
Distressing Kidney and Eladder diseases relieved in six hours by the
Sooth America**,* Kidney "Cube."
This new remedy is a great surprise
aud delight on account of its exceeding promptness in relieving pain
in the bladder, kidneys, back and every
part of the urinary passages in male or
female. It relieves retention of water
and pain in passing it almost immediately. If you want Quick relief and cure
this is your remedy.
As to the beat make of
MATCHES is forcibly
illustrated in every grocery in this Canada of
Doesn't the  makers
name occur to you '.•
-/I       s*- taWv v*-*-; i _
Sold bv
The only thing we can recommend to
women for themanagetnentof a husband
is to feed him '.veli and trust to luck.
A Merchant Testllie?.
Gentlemen,—I write to tell you how
good I have found Hagyard's Yellow Oil,
for sore throat.   In oue family alone the 1
Yellow Oil cured several bad' cases, and |
my customers  now recognize  its great
value.   They ?eem  to   prefer  i;  to ail
others. D.OOLMIEB
Wh \e=a!e and P.etai: Grocer,
Canaan station, N. B.
Csturrl:  Relieve:! In JO to Or. Secon,!-.
Une short pufi of the breath through
the Blower, supniied with each bottle of
Dr. Agnew's Catarrhal Powder, dirf'tses
tiiiB Powder over the surface of the nasal
passages. Painless and delightful to t»3e
it relieves instantly, arc! p^raianLntlv
cures C?.tarrh. Hav Fever. Colds. Headache, Sore Throat, Tonsilit'.; and Deafness.   80 cents.
Sold by all drugguK
Norway Pine
Rich in the lung-healing virtue: of the Pine
combined with the soothing; and expectorant
prjpe.-t.js of other pectoral herbs and barks.
Hoarseness, A.ithma, Bronchitis, Sore Throat,
Croup ami all THROAT, BRONCHIAL am!
LUNG DISEASES. Obstinate cougrhswhi,:h
resist other remedies yield promptly to tills
pleasant piny syrup.
prics rac. *no ace. psr bottle.
We always tuink lo-uiorrow never
brings us a* much as yesterday takes j
away.  '
A CouiDaljaloner In H. R.
Gentleman,—Having used Hagyard's
Pectoral Balsam in our family for years j
I have no hesitation in saying that it,
heats ev 'rything else that w'e have ever |
tried for coughs and coids in children as
well as grown up people. It relieves that j
tight binding sensation in the chest. We
would not be without it for anythinu:, as j
we have a large family.
Commissioner in B. R.
 Balmoral, Man.
"How is your wife getting ou ' " ".-he's
improving   slowly.     -he    is  not  we'd:
enough to do her household luties yet,
but yesterday die was out shopping.
Rheumatism Cured La » Da/.
South American Ehuematic Cure foi j
Rhuematism   and   Neuralgia   radically ]
cures in one to three days.   Its action
upon the system is remarkable and rays-
terious.   It removes at once the cause,
and the disease immediately disappears '.
The first dose greatly benerrt-.   Seventy-
five cents.
Sold by all druggists.
Write For
SCHOOL DESKS    . flew Catalogue
Sun Insurance Office.   1    r,„_
Eastern Assurance Co.  )
Quebec Fire Assurance Company.
London and Lancashire Life Ins. Co,
British and Foreign Marine Ins. Co.
L'.ovd's Plate Glass Insurance Company.
General Agent,
^W That Raise Money   fP*^
Largest and most Comnlsts
Goad Seeds, Pretty Flowers, and
Farm Requisites issued
in Canada
BUr£-13       rntl.        ITWILL*-!/
The Steele, Briggs Seed Go.
"Avoid whiskey and water r.iy, son,"
said tlie father: "its a delusion and a
iisntion t-.,3*«p:»
Touonto, 0»r.
F0R    "".AQAZiNE    THE
New Canadian Monthly.   Write at once
for particulars to
HANBV BEOS., Paor-s.
Stobarf Block. 288 Portage Ave.,
mil". := zjpb; oedess promptly atom ra.
It warms, invigorates and
strengthens the system. Well
brewed and thoroughly matured. Recommended by many
physicians in preference to
the imported article.
B B.B. untockulltrie Mcretlorumndremore*
•11 impurities from the system from a common
pimple to the worst scrofulous sort.
BURDOCK PILLS aet mallr »«*
UuHoiwUr im Us Stomach, {.iVtr M4 Bawtuav *%!l$fti$W
Oct Western Herirace the Subject  ot tnls
Column, Which Will lie Fonml  En-
tert&txifDg ami Instructive.
The great curlinc bonspeil opens at
Winnipeg on February :4th.
A St.I,. Hamersley has again been reappointed city solicitor of Vancouver,
Xew 'WeBtmsnster city will ask the
Dominion ffoverutnent to construct a
bridge ever theFraser.
J. G. Fitch, secretary-treasurer of the
•own of O-rberry, is reported short in
accounts to a considerable extent.
The Victoria Hydra '.Ii,' company will
operate their ground on a large scale this
year. A manager will be imported from
Legal action has been commenced to
prevent Vancouver from entering into
an agreement with the Western Electrio
The provincial government of B. C, is
"•ailing for tenders for the right to maintain and operate a ferry acrcsE the Colombia river at Trail, for a term of live
years from Aug. 1st next. Tenders must
oe in by Feb. oth.
Hon. Col. Prior says that the government intends ^to keep to dairy experts
nermanentlv in British Columbia, traveling about from place to place. It is
aiso in contemplation to establish a fruit
farm in the province.
A claim of $17,000. being an old debt
-n favor of the Bank of Montreal, Regina,
has been put in against the eBtate of J. D.
Sibbald, recently failed at Revele»oke.
This is on account of transactions of the
debtor in business at Eeeina.
Michael Cline.of West Selkirk, a young
man IS years old, while scurfling with
other boys in a store dropped dead. He
was in hiE usual heaith all day. and
about his customary work. Heart fail-
are s*s pronounced to be the cause.
XiexiBmioops Electric Light company
:.eTd % meeting the other afternoon for
:hej|llrpose of winding up itsa-airs. The
jioSyreceived from the city for the
plant, after paying some outstanding account*, was distributed among the shareholders.
Mr. Chesterton, architect, has been at
Indian Head in connection with the
tuilding of the new palace for the BiEhop
of Qu'Appelle. which is to cost (5,000,
and also the $8,000 hospital. These
buildings the town has to thank Lord
i'rassey foi,
In the suit of Cunningham vs. Camp*
bell-Johnson, an action brought by a
nursery governess imported from Scotland, to recover $1,000 damages, and 'n
which a verdict for $186 and a ticket to
Scotland wae obtained, the divisional court at Victoria dtsmiesed an appeal
bat reduced the damages to $60,
For the quarter year ending December
;lst last goods to' the value of {244,716
were imported into Southern Kootenay
from the Cnited .States on which $56,230,-
■.'■i duty waE paid. During the same
time tiie erpjrts aggregated J4kl','i41 in
value. The exports were i Ore. $484,405j
hides,$1,748; manufactures, $3,123.
It is positively asserted that the plan
for the big smelter to be constructed at
Kossland in the spring are already prepared and work on its construction will
:-egin early in the season. It will have
a capacity of ? '<i tons per day and to-
together with the Trail smelter wili be
imply sufficient to take -are of all the
ore tnat is produced for some time to
Notices are posted in Neison asking for
tenders for carrying the mail; between
the post-office and Columbia and Kootenay depot daily except Sundays; and
t-etweer: the postofficeandall steamboats
arriving at the Government v.-hp.rf with
mailE, with service to begin on April 1st.
Tenders to be opened at Ottawa on February 28th.
Prince Louis, nephew of Kin? Humboldt, and son of the abdicated Xing of
Spain, with officers of the Italian warship Colombo, were feted by the citizens
of Vancouver, B.C., the other night,
The reception was an unqualified success,
feing attended by dignitaries from all
parte of the province. The handsome
prince is 23 years of age; & graceful dancer and converses fluently ir. English.
Two sailors of the Empress of Japan
out shooting on the north shore of Ihir-
rard inlet, found the body of a man. The
remains have been brought to town and
;.n ii;,;uest will be held. A half breed
fisherman and a duck hunter have been
missing for Eome time and it is thought
it may be one of them. From the appearance of the body the man had been
The Italian war cruiser Christopher
Colombo arrived recently at Vancouver
from Australia on a tour around ihe
world. The Colombo has on board yoirtg
Prince Louis, nephew of King Humbert,
who tscruiaing for his health and naval experience. The oilicerE had not heard of war
.-amors until arriving and were much
surprised and interested. The Colombo
will remain at Ejqulmalt for several lays
when the prince and officers will be
.lionized by English and Canadian society.
The provincial authorities of B. C.
.Save decided that it would be useless to
extradite Truoman who was arrested in
Washington state on the charge of forgery and who was suspected of the murder of John Roy in that province. It
will be remembered tnat a settler found
Roy's hoad, partially gnawed, in his back
yard, w-here it had evidently been carried
by dogs. The rest of the body was dis-
■overed some 1,600 feet away! Roy was
■mown to have Eome money aud there
■vas none of it on him when he was
found. Trueman was the last person
seen with him and he disappeared at the
time when Roy was first missed. These
facts while inviting suspicion, were not
BUffloient upon which to base extradition
A gentleman of Vancouver engaged in
the halibut shipping trade to the eastern
states, wae interviewed recently in regard to the small catches made of late
and the fact that the local market is
poorly supplied with the fish. He states
that bad weather for fishing operations
wae met with on the few last trips,
which was a great disappointment, as
they have a big demand for halibut, and
a chance to recoup from losses sustained.
The season is naturally a brief one, as
when the warm weather Eets in it is not
profitable to ship, and the present is the
season to rush through as many consirrn-
Hients as possible. It pays to almost ignore the local market and let every
pound go fast. The quality of the tish
is generally favorably commented on
where retailed and many dealers prefer it
to that caught in the Atfantic in the summer months. There iE yet a prospect of
large catchce being made and the short
season turning ou; a profitable one.
Karry Abbott, of Vancouver, and Wm.
White, of Winnipeg, general superinten-
tendents of the Pacific and Western div-
isior.s.'.'espectfnlly, of the 0. P. R.. were
j in Montreal recently, conferring with the
company's officials at Windsor street. In
conversation with a reporter Mr. Abbott
said that there was quite an improvement in business on the Pacific coast.
Although prices were not as high a-^ one
would like, the lumber industry had been
fairly active, and exports were quite ex-
tensive in South Australia and to the
mining countries of South Africa. Mr.
Abbott also states that the fisheries of
British Columbia are prosperous, the halibut est eclally, being taken in very large
quantities in the vicinity of Queen Charlotte Islands. An old Cape Cod fisherman remarked, in fact, that a schooner
could be. rilled there as quickly as a dory
in the Atlantic tiehing grounds. The
general superintendent, speaking of
railway matters, said that the company
were building several branches so ae to
accommodate important mining camps,
and he added that the outlook al! round
in Eritish Columbia seemed to be exceedingly favorable.
Canada aud the Canadian* Through Canadian Kyes.
Quietly and unostentatiously, but none
the less erTectively, the great'Dominion
on our northern frontier ie taking its
plae among the foremost nations of the
world, English writers have described it
as the home of the rejuvenated Anglo-
Saxon, isermans point to its- stability,
which makes it specially valuable to investors who care more for certain than
for iar-re returns on their capital. But
the most flattering recognition of Canadian wort comes from *-pain. A mong
the >paniard- who are just emerging
from the lethargy ef centuries, Canada
is regarded as an instance of what a colony ran become under proper management, and many writers of note advise
the reconstruction of the government of
Cuba on Canadian lines. Adolfo Perada.
professor of political economy at the university of Oviedo, has a paper on this
subject in the Kspana Moderns. Madri.
We summari.e the article as follows:
Haety persons persist in believing that
social ills can be cured by the application
of Borne political panacea, some form of
government which they judge only from
the excellent results obtained in the
country of its origin. We have a typical
case :n the Cuban question. The difficulties of the situation of Cuba, in a
great measure caused by our traditional
errors and our backwardness, naturally
call for a solution. "What is tobedone?''
is th? universal cry, "to furnish Cuba with
a prosperous policy .' What kind, of rule
will insure progress and peace erTectively'' People are gradually convinced
that Cuba must have some prudent measure Of autonom) . with more or less liberty.
But the Idea cfautonomv, easy enough
to express in a theoretical way. is far less
easy to carry out practically. In principle
political autonomy is expressed by the
hnglish self-government, and means the
rign; of a certain social entity to administer its own affairs, while yet it remains
within a larger, and in some respects a
superior organization. Oar eye« are naturally turned toward Canada, Rightly
or wrongly, the impression tas gone
abroad that the Pearl of the Antilles
mus* be governed like Canada. The idea
is seductive enough. The Dominion is certainly r. stroiii: argiment in
favor of autonomy, a beautiful case in
Canada Las passed through terrible
arises, has had us interna: dissensions,
has not been free from bloody uprisings,
and looks back on periods when its po-
litloal existence was in gr"at danger. But
Canada has now established herself ae a
state within r. state, baa become a senii-
national power, is strong, prosperous, and
a veritable sohool of parliamentary
tsages—all inder autonouiical government. Canada s progress dates chie.'ly
from IStt", when its federal autonomy
was established. Clearly all this pros*
perity is not due solely to reforms in
political organization, It could not have
been accomplished without the brave
spirit within the race, fit to raise great
empires. Much is due to Canada's geographical situation aud no less to tho
general progress of the world. But it
cannot be denied that a government accepted by the country as satisfactory to
their ideals, a government that Eets no
limits to the expansion of human activity, and whose establishment closed a
series of dangerous crises, substituting a
time of harmony end pea^e, seems very
favorable to human progress.
While thus the. writer showers praises
upon our neighbors, he warns hie countrymen and the Cubans that they must
not expect to see all the outward benefits
of Canada's autonomy in the caso of
Havana as so n as that island is given
self-government. Canadian progress as
well bb i 'anadian autonomy and federation, are solid and staple because they are
of slow growth and the result of such
patient labor. He explains that Canada,
though semi-independent, is a source of
Strength rather than woakness to the
mother-country.—The Literary Digest.
On Trial lor DriiDkenesH.
At the court martial of Captain Healy,
of the reVenue cutter Bear, which win
recently held at >'an Francisco charged
with drnnkeness and unotlicerlik I conduct. Lieut. Ross, of the Corwin, Inld
how the crews from the cutters at Una-
laska, last, .September, were invited to a
whiskey and tobacco soiree on boar.' the
Eritish ship Fhoasant. Accord'- ,* to
Kobs, as Healy was returning lion from
the festivity he was so overcome inat he
walked over the edge of the wharf,
thinking it was his bunk. After his
mishap wag known, witness said tbnt it
caused great rejoicing throughout the
fleet. The defence desires to prove
through Engineer Jones and Lieutenant
Daniels, that he was the yicti.n of a conspiracy on the part of the younger officers. These witnesses disclaim any
knowledge of such conspiracy.
How Butter 18 Made on Baiiuatyu Avenue,
Wlnnlpeg'-Studenta Who "Spill the
Milk".-The Process of Separating aud
Churning the Milk.
Interest in the government Dairy
school in Winnipeg continues unabated,
and certainly few more instructive placeE
could be found wherein to spend a leisure
hour. All eat butter and cheese, and
every detaii of the manufacture of these
great food staples hae its own fascination.
About 2,000Jpoundsofmi)kare received
daily, from different parts of the country,
and eai'h lot is tested separately when it
comes in. Kor this purpose a number of
small tin cups aie kept, which are
numbered, Bay from 1 to 20. The corresponding number is given to a customer who has that number entered opposite
his name on the books. J-laeh morning
thesampleof milk taken from this man's
can is put into that cup and no other,
this prevents any confusion. When the
samples are all ready testing begins, each
student is handed a glass pipette open at
both ends, and a sample of milk. The
pipettes are marked near the upper end
17.,'. cubic centimeters. Itis the business
of the student to draw up that amount of
milk with bis pipette, and placing his
finger on the opening where his mouth
has bonn, convey the milk to one of the
testing bottles standinc on the table. It
looke a very simple thing but it requires
great dexterity to do it in the proper
style, and many are the fai lures. The
milk runs out before the restraining finger reaches the top of the pipette, or it
flies cast the mark into the mouth of the
would be operator, Dr it calmly empties
on the table in ite tranEit from the tin
cup to the testing bottle, or any other of
half a dozen things that it ought not to
do. When the samples are all in the
testing bottles i which are bulbous at the
bottom, and haye long slender necks
marked from zero to ten, an equal
quantity of sulpuric acid ib added. The
bottles are then taken by the neck and
given a centle rotary motion to mix the
milk and acid togetber. At this stage
eome obliging student is sure to hold out
a bottle for a spectator to feel, and if you
are not sharp enough to catch the malicious twinkle in his eye, a pair of scorched lingers ie the result, for the bottles are
as hot as a cooking stove in fall blast.
The bottles are next put into a testing
machine, which is a large round tin pan
with a cover and a crank at one side. In
the centre of the pan is a round piece of
iron which ie connected with the crank,
and into which eight little metal cups are
hooked. Into these cups the testing
bottles are set, the cover put on, and for
Beven minutes the bottles revolve at the
rate of 1,100 revolutions por minute.
From the sound it would seem as if every
bottle must be smashed into a thousand
fragments, but presently the cover
comes oi:' and they seem all right. Hot
water poured into the bottleE drives the
butter fat into the neck so that it can be
measured. The machine is turned for
two minutes and then the measures
taken. Some registered ->.l percent.,
•") 2 per cent, and eo on. Whey tested for
the purpose of finding out if all the fat
had been incorporated in the cheese,
showing:! per cent, of fat. For testing
whey only half the quantity of acid is
After being twice strained the milk is
poured into a large tin lined vat and
heated to a temperature of ''0 degrees
and then run into the separator. The
one being use 1 ie a Turbine Alexandra
No.l. The warm milk falls gently into
a large hollow etoel bowl spinning at the
fearful rate of 7,001 revolutions per
minute. The rapid circular motion
throws tiie dirt to the sides of the
bowl, while the cream being light
rises to the upper part of the
bowl, while it finds and outlet. A little
lower down on the opposite side is a vent
for the Bkim milk. A more perfect picture
of life would hardly be found. The small
thin stream of cream, the good steady
'low of skim milk. Tnis machine separates about 1,000 pounds an hour, r.nd if
you have patience to wait until the
whole take ie separated, you can see the
separator taken to pieces and cleaned.
The . oat ing of dull grey that comes from
the inside of the steel bowl givee you a
"grue" to look at it, especially when
the commissioner tells you in a cheerful
tone, "now that's what you have been
drinking in milk and eating in dairy
butter all your lives."
Beside the large Alexandra separator
stands "The Baby No. 3," de haval, a
separator especially deBigned for use on
farms. It is so light that any ordinary
child could turn it readily. It is claimed
that though the cost of this machine is
$200, a farmer could in addition to making a superior article, save the cost of it
in a little more than two years.
As fast as the cream comes from the separator it is emptied into the ripening vat,
which is surrounded by an ice chamber.
Ripening takes a longer or shorter time
according to the condition of tho cream,
and occasionally is hastened by the addition of a little sour buttermilk.
The churn is a square chest with heavy
metal damps. This chest revolves, and
tho butter is churned by the cream falling from side to side as the chest turns
The table on which tho butter is worked is the circular revolving table with
corrogated rollers, several specimens of
which were on exhibition at the Industrial fair last July.
The butter is put up in pound prints,
wrapped in parchment paper bearing on
one side the legend. "Manitoba I iovern-
nient Dairy School.
Tiie manufacture of cheese is quite as
interesting ns the making of butter, but
readers of the Free I'ross have already
had it minutely described in "A Day in "a
Cheese Factory,'' which appeared some
months ago.
Everything in and about the dairy
school is clean and blight, New tin cans
and pails, bright red separators and
equally brieht yellow vats, together with
the white uniforms of the students mako
upli v?'"y cheerful whole. 1'pstairs is a
large lecture room, where a course of
lectures aro being givon during the evenings,
A day in the school impresses three
things upon the visitor, makers of cheese
and, butter rr. list be patient—spelled with
a vory large I'—careful—no Bmall detail
overlooked or considered insignificant-
cleanly—in this relation of life cleanliness is godliness.—Free Press.
No virtue that is the rosult of fear, can
be taught by example.
The  German  Minister In  Venezuela   ln-
■trncted to Collect Cash.
It is semi-oflicially announced that the
tierman minister at Caracas haB presented a note to the Venezuelan government
demanding pavment of the guarantee
fund due to (ierman subjects, as a result
of the building of the dreat Venezuelan
railway. It is, however, semi-ofliciallv
denied that two German warehipB are
shortly to proceed to Puerto Cabelio.
Venezuela, in order to enforce the pavment of the railway guarantee fund, and
it is also semi-orrieially denied that German marines will eventually be landed
at Fuerto Cabelio. The claims above
referred to arise in connection with the
construction of German capitalists of a
line from Caracas to Valencia, at a stipulated price. The government at Vene*
uela wae to guarantee the capitalists an
income of 7 per cent, on the investment
If the earnings failed to reach that
amount the government was to make up
the balance. 11 i*-ing to the rough condition of the country through which the
line passed, the railway coEt several
times what the projectors estimated it
would, and therefore considerable more
thai: the amount on which the Venezuelan government agreed to guarantee a
fixed income. The proprietors demanded the 7 per cent, on the amount actually
expended, but the government insisted
that it should pay the interest only of
the amount firBt agreed on. Finally, the
Venezuelan government submitted the
question to a number of well known native lawers. The latter decided against
the government, and as a consequence
an agreement was entered into on July
.'1 laEt, by which the government agreed
to pay tne amount demanded, viz , 5,-
OOo.OOO bolivars, or something over a
million dollars.
Provincial Buildings at Portage, Brandon
and Selkirk Crowded.
The public institutions of the province
are rapidly becoming too small to accommodate the number of inmates, which
later is constantly on the increase. The
home for incurables at Portage la Prairie
is more than filled and three persons who
have been examined and found to be in
need of proper care as provided by such
a home, are in charge of the Salvation
Army fn Winnipeg, and two others have
been placed under a similar institution.
The deaf and dumb institution can hold
no more pupils, while the attics and the
basements of the two asylums for the insane—at Brandon and West Selkuk—
will soon have to be utilized, the number
of new applicants each week being surprisingly large. The number of present
inmateB in the two buildings is over 300,
but perhaps ae many as -100 can be accommodated without enlarging the structures. The native insane population is
small, the greater number coming from
other provinces and countries. The proportion of insane persons in Manitoba is
one to every ',00 of the population; in
Ontario it iBone to every 800. Legislation
to provide for increased accommodation
will probably be introduced at the coming session of the legislature.
Manitoba Oranges.
Manitobans in their haste to raise
wheat have neglected to develop the
orange growing industry but no doubt
this will come in time. That Manitoba
is in the orange belt was practically demonstrated to a reporter of The Tribune
by Mr. A. D. Mackay. of the M. ,v K, W.
head offices. Mr. McKay exhibited an
orange cut a few dayB before from an
orange tree owned by Mr. J. C. Henry, of
Portage la Prairie. This tree, though
only IS inches high and growing in a
flowerpot eight inches wide, yet produced four fully developed oranges one
of which was given to Mrs. McKay by
Mrs. Henry. The tree is three years old
and grew from a eiip sent from the south.
It had a profusion of blossoms, but no
doubt owinc to the number of weddings
in Portage and district only four of thee.e
were allowed to develop into fruit. The
one ehown by Mr. McKay is ibout an
inch and a balf in diameter and is the
smallest of the four. Orange growing
will now doubtless lie entered upon by a
number of our citizens.
The American Liner St. Paul Kin  Ashore
in a Fog,
The American liner St. Paul from
Southampton for New York, struck the
outer bar off Hotel Brighton during r.
dense fog a few days ago. The people on
board decided to remain by the vessel as
there was no danger: The vessel struck
head-on. on the sand bar a quarter of a
mile from the iron pier. Her nose ran
about 100 feet in the sand before her engines could be stopped. The wind was
blowing only at the rate of eight miles
an hour, -he sailed from Southampton
Jan. IS, and was in charge ofCapt. Jamison. Ho has refused oilers to land tiie
passengers and they are waiting for tugs
from the agente. There were about four
feet of water over the bar when the s[,
Paul ran ashore. The veESel has on
board 200 bags of mail for New York
postoiiice. Several old seamen along the
shore sav the vessel may not bo Moated
for a week or more.
Shipping drain In Bond.
Assistant Secretary Hamlin, of the
treasury department at Vasbington, has
not yet reached a determination on the
question of whether or not the practice
of shipping grain in ami out of Duluth
and Superior in bond, when destined for
Canadian milling points, shall be allowed
to continue. He said to-day: "The
practice is going on as it has been for a
number of years. 1 think 1 may safely
say that mv decision will in no wise interfere with this practice. It is certainly
a source of profit to American railroads
and .\ merican elevators and so far as I
have investigated the question 1 can see
no oojoction to it. I may amend some
rule or regulation that will go to prevent
any possibility of fraud upon the revenues of the government, although I do not
know now that it would bo possible for
any fraud to be practiced. Certainly so
far as we know none has been practiced.
The Aiijaceut Town Shook as Thouirh an
Earthquake Had Occurred — Rejiorr
That »1rry-Four Men Were Suffocated
—Tales of Some of the Rescued.
Needleson—Yes, we think a great deal
of that parrot. 1 wouldn't take a hundred dollars for him. Pinns—He isn't
very handBome. but I suppose he's an excellent talker. Noedleson—No, he's not
much given to talking. Pinns—-Won't
talk.   Needleson—Can't.
The lesidentsof the town and vicinity
of Tylerstown. which is situated near
Cardiff, Wales, were startled by a teiritic
reverberation which shook the whole
town, and caused people to rush out of
doors, wondering whether tney were
being overwhelmed with an earthquake.
It was ascertained in a short time that
the concussion was caused by an explosion in a neigboring colliery."with disastrous consequences to life and property.
The latest report place; the number of
•lead at 54, though it is feared that the
further exploration of the wrecked mine
will reveal the bodies of more. L'eports
of the number of killed have been con-
.•Uctim:, and there is doubt as to the
actual number of men in the mine at the
: time of the catastrophe.
| The mining population of the localitv
knew all too quickly what the inufhed".
thunderous report of the explosion meant
and rushed to the mouth of the pit. only
to have their worst fears confirmed.
The shaft wae found to be entirely shattered, and it was evident that there was
very little hope that any of those in the
pit could have survived the explosion.
The despair of the women who nocked
about the mouth of the pit was little
more terrible than the horrible anxiety
of those who hoped to find those who
were missing from their sides had by
some chance not entered the mine. The
pit was found to have caught tire and the
hindrance that this caused to the work
of the rescueparties added to the excitement and tension of feeling. It waE
through braving the utmost peril that
the living were able to prosecute their
quest for the dead.
The number of dead grew from twelve
to fifteen and then twenty, and the list of
thoEe known to have been in the fatal
shaft kept growing and with it the number of bereaved families waiting at the
surface. The work of exploration is
goine steadily forward, but under great
difficulty, the numeroiiE cave-in's obstructing the advance and making it impossible to reach the remote part of the
mine, while the defective ventilation
often drives back those who are advancing on their sad errand. The lasc to
come out brought with them rive bodies.
None have been found alive and it is
not now hoped that any will be.
It was reported at midnight that more
bodies had been brought to the eurface
of the wrecked mine and some of those
who were in the minehave beon rescued
aiive and are able to tell something of the
occurence. It is impossible to ascertain
the exact number of the victims, as the
number of men in the mine at tbe time
of the explosion is not known. But
those who have been engaged in the
work of exploration and the tew survivors who have been rescued tell terrible
stories of the Bcenes they witnessed and
the dead bodies they found or stumbled
over, strewn in ail directions as they fell
overcome by fire-damp br hurled by the
force of the explosion.
One of the survivors, a fireman, who
was in the mine itself when the explosion came, started to work his way in the
direction of the entrance .with painful
andalmoBt hopeless labor, making frequent pauses. In one Epot he waE obliged to stop and wait for four hours on
account of the after damp. At the end of
that time he ventured to advance a few
steps further when he had to desist again
and wait another two hours in hopeless
Another fireman who made his way out
of the death pit by a long journey relates
that he passed numerous men on the way
who were unconscious and helpless and
badly burned. He could do nothing for
them and was obliged to leave them to
their fate.
The rescuers continued their work incessantly all through the night, encouraged by the saving of a few. to hope that
still others remain alive in the mine
whose lives may possibly be saved.
That Sca-.ecracfl llouclit.--.
Lord Sholto Douglass, son of the Marquise of Queensberry, is not having an
easy time as manager of a theatrical
troupe. His company recently played at
Proville, Cal. When Lady Douglass gave
her song and dance act, Lord Douglass
rushed upon the stage crying: "My wife
cannot sing to such music as that " The
audience hissed, and the next day the
leader of the orchestra meeting Douglass
on the street, asked if he wanted trouble,
lord Douglass answered in the negative,
whereupon the musician attacked Dong-
lass. Lady Douglass made an outcry and
both ! louglass and the musician were
The Next FUglhlp.
It is rumored on board H. M. S. Royal
Arthur, at Esquimalt, that ehe will leave
shortly for Coxuimbo. homeward bound,
to pay out of commission, and that H.
M.s. lmperiense will be commissioned
at Portsmouth, Kngland, on March 1'ith,
lo relieve the Royal Arthur. H.M.S.
Imperieuse it a sister ship to the War-
spite. She is a twin-screw, 14 -gun armored cruiser of the Sret'Class, 8,400
tons. 10,000 horsepower. fShe is 7< ,0 tone
larger than the Loyal Arthur and a better fighting ship, ou account of her being
armored, although hardly as fast by about
two knots an hour.
A Futat Fire.
Asa result of a fire in the building 4". 7
Broadway, St, Louis, five firemen were
buried in the ruins and one is dead. Four
of the men in the ruin; are thought to
be dead, nothing being seen or heard of
them, while the fifth, Rhinehart .Miller,
of the.Salvage Corp No. 1,could be heard
and it was hoped to rescue him alive.
Owney Hires, foieman of truck No. ti,
waB taken from the burning building
soon after the fire started, badly suffocated and cut, and died on his way to the
hospital. The total loss is estimated at
"You seem sad, my red-skinned brother,'' said the Missionary. "Redskinned
brother's heart heap bad,'' said the noble
son of the prairie. "White man shoot
better, fight better, and now Injun hear
college yell, he know Injun can't war
whoop for pour apples. vVaugh 1 "—Cincinnati Enquirer.
Pertaining Particularly  to  Political Persons.
Mr. T. A. DurrowB has been elected
provincial representative for Dauphin
district.   His majority is given as 14.
Angers, Liberal, was elected in Charle-
vois by 200 majority.
Euchanan, the temperance candidate
was badly beaten in the Wentworth provincial contest.
Dr, Benson, of Winnipeg, is Epoken of
as the Conservative candidate in new
Lord Salisbury's health is said to be
given away under the heavy strain of
office cares.
Mr. C. K. Dodds. of Melita. is out as a
Conservative candidate in Brandon constituency.
He—"Yes: I was out sleighing.    And
froze ail my fingers.''   Sbc  who  wasn't
ig,—I don't see how a voung man
get the fingers on both hands frozen."
Hoax—"I understand you ran "away to
sea when you were a boy.'' Joax—"No;
1 started to. but my father caught me,
and 1 went on a whaling expedition
witii him."
TXiotB    OA.RD
Taking  effect   on  Sunday,   December
16th, 1894.
N. Eonou,
B, Sonne
Boul down
s 1
1   !3
S< =£*!*, te
f   AT
1 SOJ); 8 ltp
ll! 15*| (80s
i oepl s osji
. .Po-taje Junction.
12 27p  5 47a
12 «2p' 2 60p
— .6*.. Ncrlset	
12 40p, 6 07»
12 82P1 2 BSri
12 52pl e sea
11 t«a  ZHji.a.C
 St. Agsthe.—.
1 ICp, 6 !>!»
11 Sla. 21Sp27.*
 Cnttm Point.	
U7pl 7 0S*
ii ora| !0!p ja.5
....stiver Pla'-m.—
1 asp. 7i«m
10 Sla   1 »0p «.<
1 *Sp       «
10 08a   122p4« B
 St. Jam	
1 .'.-r 8 25a
S2*la>12 5gpse.O
2 ITp 8 18a
EOOa 12 Soj 66.0
: ap id**
7 00a 12 20p68.1
— -Fembirji	
2 f(rp;il 16»
1! Ill   • SAa 168
. .Gnvnrl Forks—
8 3CT.1 6 26V
1 SOpi - bba 228
1 E 4fr 453 '
 TlnTmh    ...
7 85a
1 S 40p 4T0 .
.. .ttjRseapoiii.- -.
e '-.,ia
i S OOP 4H |
 St. FarJ	
7 10*
ii ecp sss
i Up
w. boom
Eeti up
Bead down
1.20P  SI5p
R" $
12^6*1 (SOp
7.6CT, lK,p
1 M,pi 800*
6.5Hp:'l<TP| 10
2 Up     44*
6.49pl2«2P! 21 J
2 41p     31*
f,.2Spl2 82p  25,
—   EoJUHl . _
2ESp  9 60*
i.SBp 12 14P1 SS.5
S.58r 1166a   811.«
—   Mi-ml  ._
3 -.' p  0 64*
UlpUSSa  4j.c
._ Deer-rood	
3 i *p 11 44*
!.51pll271   M.l
4 Olp 12 ion
2.16pll09a   62.]
4 -'■. p 12 61f
l,47p 10 65a  68 4
—Swan Lake.„.
4 .-., p   1 22p
■ LIST-10 40a  •n.t
. -Indian Spriuff .
t 61p  164
;S.6Tpl0 30a  78.4
{S.27pl015«  86.1
._. Manure's	
EMp  218B
: >p  2 62*
h.67«10 00a  92.8
1 Up. 8 26p
h.Ua   8SSaiC2
.«—, Belmont. ,n,
I ITp, 4 lfip
,'0.878   S 21a 1087
-fl.UH. 9 05a 117.8
—    wf.'in....
5 ITp  4 63p
.-*. .Aahdown.	
( S4p 6 23p
8.49a   8 6Sa 120
. — Wawaneaa.   .
e 42p  5 47»
8.89a   6 49a 123.0
6 53p  6 04p
8.05a   S :.!a 129 5
,. .£ountn-7&I',£..
8.28a   MS* 1ST.3
.—.Martin vlile	
7 2tp- 7ISp
7.50a  8 00al45.1
7 ltp .8'Op
ho. 157 ftcpf at BaMur for -noaH.
W. bonna  as
EeadDowE |°l
Eead np
MliedNo. -s!
US.       -Si
Every Dar s 5'
Xtcept Son h£
546 pm
G 68 pm     0
For**Lj*e Jnncf.oti
13 S5 am
ru pm     8 5«
. St. ChE.r:at	
■ :'• rta   10 6«
648 pm    16 0"
.. WSite Plains....
' 67 am
70S pm    2S E •
.Grr.vel Pit Srr.r .
- IS pm    2F 2 •
. .LaSaUelank...
" 2fi pm   89 8*
 Bust&oe .—.
'. 0 1 ] am
- 4T pm   39 I •
.... OEkv-'ie	
6 00 pm    4S 2 •
6 30 pm    52 t
Portareia Prairie..
•Fiac Station
. 15 am
Sianone marked—•—cave no agent. Frelglii
men be prepaid.
Number 107 and 108 cave •.hreneb Pcilxoan
Verilbr-Ied During Boom S'eeping Can- twrween
Winnipeg and St. Pb-.i! and MlnneapoUl, Ala*
Paiace Dining Cars. Close connection a: Cnioago
witb eastern lines. OonseoUos a: Winnipeg Jnno>
acn with traina to and from the Pacific Coast.
For rate* and fail informsuon concerning oon-
Ecctions with oilier iines^ etc. apply to any ajrent
ot ihe company, or
G.P.AT.A., St. Paul. Gen. Agt., WInnipet.'
tS6 liain Street, Wlnnlpet'
MARCH 5th, 1S95.
Ec-rr-iar raaenger trains ran as toiiowi:
L«tc Winnipeg at 9,65 on Tnas.lnv, Thnrsday
and Rattiriay for Portage '.a Prairie, MiMiedon*
and iniermeCiflte stations. Mined trains loav*
Klnnedoaa en arrival of paawnger traina as below'
Leave Mlnncdosa red intermedials eiAUonB on
Monday, Weinesdav and Friday. Krxod iralni
amve at Minuedosa astieiow:
Tna... ;
& Sat.
1 Pat*.
! Mon.,
: Wed.
i iFri.
6 66     Lv	
 .ir 21 25
Tnee.,   Mixed
Sat.     Tbur.
18.16. .   U.40   Port. la Frairf
14.06...   16.10      .»t;!adnone.
16.10. .   17.10    . .Netpawa...
16.45..     1S.30    ...Minnedosa,
Mixed    Mon.
Friday.. Wed.
1   18.36       10.10
16.20   i   17.45
14.10      16.15
!   12.411   1   U.45
17.46..,. Ar	
.Rapid City.
 Lv    18.46
Tceaday to
Sf.tr.-day to
Yorkton.   i
Monday from
York ten
Wedu v from
1    Russell.
16.26         Lv
17.40         —
19,00        l_
21.10         i	
22.30         ._
..Shoal Lake..
S.S0         Ar
.. Yorkton...
LV[           4'40
'MealB,   Trains stop at stations between Portage la Prairie and Winnipeg only when signalled
or when -.here aie passtnt'ere to alight.
general Manager Ass'i Gen: Pn. am
/ rtmmw"'
UbeBanatmo flftatl
by tin:
E. c. Beakd, Editor and Manager.
Bastion Street. Is'tuiauno, B. c.
Bv mttll—One year 	
Six months	
Three months	
Delivered by carrier '-•"»'
. jut month
Readers of the Mail are BBeclallv mill-rated
•to examine its advertisements beiore making
purchases. Observutlini mul experienei' have
demonstrated that u Is llieaoiivt*. wMe-awiikc
business man or linn vrho nUvertiw** thai i- Hie
must   lil'enllllllo.lilUll'.'.  S'^ls   tllC   "'Inn I.' si   Hull
deals the must liiiernliv iii every .m -.villi i..:
tuns. The advertisements of im tirlnclpal deal
erg of sunalmo apuear in the coluiuus of tills
tuiiicr. Dent with them watch mil' coliimni
closely for l.ai'tniiiis. iiiid Ir-unn-.s thl tricky,
trashy, traveling transeiu tradi rs,
The Garnishee Law.
I alten-l
Some weeks ago we call*
tion tu the abuses uf our
garnishee law and the hardships
experienced therefrom. In this city
the evil effects uf unrestrained gar-
nisheeing tire especially apparent,
and numberless cases could be instanced where families have cone
hungry and the hard-working husband has been discouraged in the
point of despair by the harsh use of
this remedy on the part uf some
merciless creditor.
We are exceedingly pleased, therefore, to see that an amendment has
been introduced in the Local Legislature providing an exemption to
all laborers of their wages up tu
$40, which is tu apply against all
creditors except those whose claims
are for board. This is more as ii
:should be. It will afford an opportunity to those who are crippled by
the present depression to regain
their {set; it will change many a
man's ^solution lo leave the Province; s.iki, above all, it will allow
the struggling wage-earner tu keep
that obligation- which is higher
than he owes to any greedy suitor—
of caring fur the wants of wife and
little ones.
We are surprised at the opposition raised to an amendment so
timely and eminently just. Such
opposition can only spring from
hard-heartedness or ignorance, ii
is objected that the working man
will, if the proposed amendment
[becomes law, work to the extent ol
earning $40 a month and rest the
balance of the month. Such a contention is not only a libel mi the
laboring class, but   is   based on a
*-• ft 0.
•v'■■-.■-..-■->■.■ --I-...'--.-.; ■■;.*■■• *"'W ©^:*t^#-o.£ ^c^
"A NI'XI' OF TliAITf >I js."-/v,«-/.'r ««'/•
The Queen's speech, read at the
opening of the Imperial Parliament
on Tuesday, is brief and businesslike generally, but wholly disappointing on the burning question
of the day, i.lie Armenian outrages.
The wavering and dilatory policy
of the Government is only emphasized by the following brief reference   in   tl utrageous   state  of
affairs at which the civilized world tooting  labor,
stands aghast: J workmen must
The Immigration committee reported that the United Slates want
protection against cheap Canadian
labor. Over lure it is the products
of cheap American labor against
which the people are to be protected, The Americans try by wrong
methods to protect labor as well as
capital. In Canada protectionists
do nol even make a pretence of pro-
The goods which
my an- I axed and
"The Sultan of Turkey has sane- |exc
tinned the principal reforms in the are
government of the Armenian prov-|]
i.ice, for which, in conjunction will
"lie Emperor of  Kussia  and Presi
dent of the French Republic, 1 fee
it my duly io press."
Other matters are refern d to ai
follows:  "1 haveexpessed niydesin
■ ranclsco
hns lust
verv low estimate of human naturellroc™ neeuient	
generally.    The fact is, that nineU0" th" Venezuelan question], and  to u.e Call, San
men outof ten will pay their honest trust that further negotiations will   ,.,,,,„, o{   -^  Chinese population
I • |   1„„ A     t ,,  l..l.m(..».T    .nttl;iliw>l,1    " ' '
debts if they can; and   this   being
so, we contend that the law shoult'
:«..«.c»**'    Y
Comprise absolutely everything handy
in looiwear, from shoes so good to kick
with thai no one Itieks about them, to
those that touch the top notch of elegance for evening wear. That young
| iiian hasn't, anv douht ahout the poin's
C sentiment, Which resulted 1°'  "»r shoes*,   tl.ev are all  that the*
, .       '      .     ,      . should be from heel to toe, from soles to
in   the  exclusion act, is   having a   l(,|lS. Thoirlihndsonieappeamimeiiiakes
beneficial effect in the I ni ted States it!  pictures in  leather, so to speak,
against Chinese labor.    Accordin
uded, while labor which they
selling, or trying to sell, is ini-
rted  freely and  its importation
materially assisted, with only a
nominal impost on Asiatic coolie
id to a satisfactory
''An agreei it has
lie  *liDDX-*tailVJC    oi    111C 1 ... '
1 not  so  that thcv:''n-|":h }-<V}^\   I'^'iti
be framed fur the assistance of ll
nine men, ant
could be handicapped by an extraordinary remedy intended for the
one dead beat.
Again, it is generally overlooked
that this remedy of garnisheeing is
only one method of collecting a
a debt by law, There are other
methods which can be enforced as
effectually against the poorest wiue-
earner as against the largest property-owner; so that, even if the
prucess of enforcing the payment of
debts by garnisheeing is curtailed,
the creditor has still ample remedies for getting his money from
those who persistently refuse to pay,
We believe, however, the proposed
amendment could be improvei.1 by
drawing a distinction be'.v.v -n married and single men. for it is obvious that the necessary requirements
of a single man must be much less
than those  of  tt  man who  has a
||ed between my Government and the|;
' ■'•i-"'*»eiii.      j within the last eleven  years, which
... .en conclud- p>(,. „, 8howtha, the tide is turn-
while their superior quality causes them
to wear like Patience. Our shoes have
put tiie whole town on a Bolid footing,
and made pedestrinnlsm popular. Bail
shoes tax the feet, and iiijtli prices tax
the pocketboolt,
favor of  white labor.    The
New Fall Goods.
Our Stock is now complete with all
the Latest Novelties in    :    :    :
Ladies' Trimmed and Untrirnmed Hats and Bonnets
of the very latest stylo from London, Paris and
Now York. Sec the charming "Valkyrie," the
pretty "Defender," und the handsome "Trilby,"
mi view in our show window.
Also a magnificent stock of Birds, Feathers,
Wings, Etc _>
J U^Be sure und sec our handsome stock of DRESS
GOODS, imported from the leading centres of
Europe. Ladies' and Children's Jackets. Ladies'
Capes and Waterproofs in Navy Brown and
Black. Ladies' Perfect Fitting Ribbed Wool
J. S. Standard & Go.,
4    LARGE CONSIGNMENT of Fall Goods from
-&       Glasgow—IMPORTED DIRECT.
Also a consignment of fatuous West of England
i m °
IV {   Cloth which are open for inspection.   This con-
•§j|.   sjo'uiiiciit undoubtedly comprise the best material
'ffi/j\ that bus eyer been imported to this city. We
guarantee the latest stylo in suits in every detail,
ami the lit exact.     :    :
Our reputation continues to take the lend over all
/    other establisments,    :    :   ;    :    :    :    :
I       .IAS. A. CALDWELL,
■   Merchant Tailor,      -:-      Commercial Street.
exclusion laws passed by Congress I
principal object the more secure es- )ftin thl, siluatlon ,„ a oonsider-
tabhshmenl of_ the u dependence of | abie extenti ln„ other cftU8es 1|ilV(.
ORR & RENDELL'S.    )\
the kingdom of siam.'
"The sudden inclusion into South
Africa resulted in a deplorable collision with the burgher forces, My
ministers at the earliest possible
moment intervened to prohibit these
hostile actions toward all my subjects in South Africa against taking
part ni' aid in i:. The origin and
circumstances of these proceedings
will form the subji ct of a searching
inquiry. The President of the South
African Republic has agreed toplace
the prisoners in the hands of my
High Commissioner, and I have undertaken to brine to trial the leaders of '.he expedition. The conduct
of the president on this occasion
and the assurances he has given
lead me to believe he recognizes the
importance of redressing the legis-
ative grievances of which complaint
contributi 1. One of them is thai
ihe clannishness of theChinese and
their ali olute holding aloof from
American customs and affiliation
indicates strong love uf their native
country and a desire to return to it
as soon as possible, Besides that,
what would be a bagatelle in America is a princely fortune in China, qt-r pjit|
A Chinaman can generally save
sufficient in five or six years to es-
Cannot   bo   surpassed in  the
City. We keopa speeial line of
Choice Teas and Coffee,
Canned Fruits, Etc.
AIM'. LOW  a so Tin:
have been pre-
family to support: and us it is the , ,    ,   __      .   .
object oi the amendment merely to has ;bwn made by the majority of
guarantee to all laborers a livinp, the inhabitants of the Iran
we would suggest to those who have "'.
the alteration in hand that the ex- Pai'ed w"
emption to a married man be at 1 econonay,
least $10, and that allowed a singl
man be pi»de only $'26,
himself as a rich man in
When he returns, the ex-
laws prevent others  from
his place,
amount   of  money thus  ile-
ipiin  the  country,  a  vast
Don't jrn elsewhere until you have trlei
ih  Ihu  utmost  regard for
tu 11 it- exigencies of the
limes   require   Increased expenditures.   The extension and improvement of  the naval defences of the
The mords of Bishop Cameron's | empire
amount in the aggregate, represents J
not only the extent to which white ■
labor is injured, but also the extent
to which the country Buffers generally, for the money never returns
lo circulation in America in any
appreciable extent.
The diabolical murders of employers by Chinese in California has
also told against them, many persons being afraid tu employ them.
lev Defy all Competition,
j. h. McMillan,
Bui you nan net a NEAT SUIT
ol t'lotlcs made by MoLEOIJ
al any time at a price that cannot be lowered.
tu wl
noli   vnur
(Co.rnm.ign pastoral wherein he de-Meet
nounced the opponents of SirChas, directed.'
Tuppcraiid remedial legislation as! "I regret tosaytha! the condition
"hell-inspired hypocrite;-" are as of husbandry has been disastrous
follows: beyond any recent experience, ami
We meet the appalling Bpeetaele of measures will be laid before you to
multitudes of men, who are loud in their mitigate the distress."
praise of liberty ami justice and religion, i    The speech concludes by announc-
amtyed against remedial legislation, the •„_ the (ollowing |,ill8.   'Fl)1. ftggist.
only available means miner  tnc  consti- ; ,        ' ,      , .,
tution of redressing that wrong, and then, ■""'■■ '" voluntary schools; provid-
doing all thev can to perpetuate a mon- ing for compensation for injuries
Bter evil, subversive of religion, justice | to workmen; to amend defects in
       and the increase
efforts can he
and liberty, in order to attain their own i,
arious   Irish   land   acts
for the
of Irade
the Chinese ran
in the number of white
seeking employment have
to raise Chinese wages and reduce
thoss of white persons, thus naturally operating to the supplanting of
Chinese with white workers. A
gratifying consideration is the fact
that the constant work of organized
white laborers to supplant all the
demands for labor have been a very
important factor in the case.
FIT TO i'i:::i i-xtion   *  „  *
And a larva'and varied stock of
the best material tochoose from,
selfish ends in delianee ol liud.    And to \ "n".''-"-   """"   '"""   '"'■''   '"*   ""w|      I'oi'liinately   for    the   people
.our shame, among those hell-insplred avoidance and settlement of trade ,;,.,..,, Britain, there is no danger of
hypocrites, Catholics are to beloiuid not disputes; to facilitate the building ,,„,;,.,,.,,„,, ,„ the policy ni trade
a few who will vote against iustne being ,,f   j" it   railwavs   in   the      mlcd       , • .•         ,,•,       '       *■    ,   ,  ,i
done to their sorely onnress-edco-rci.- ,'■     i       V          i"    ,i restriction,    when we rejected the
.uorre tu uico soiciv u-j-jicbi .o    i ii..,. Kingdom; for checking the liupur- i
»™» McLEOD,
28 Victoria Crescent,
Restaurant and Chop House
Co.MMKiiciAi. Street.
Oysters in every style.
Meals, 26c. und upwards.
Good Hods, 25c, und upwards,
Spring Chicken always ou hand.
ionists, and who, to add 'insult to injury,
tation of destitute aliens; to insti-
sou of their experience and went;
will move for a commission of iiivesi/ie,,-   lau.m ui  uesutme atic-ns ,   ,o ,„sU-1 ,,.,,.,.   ,(,  exploded   theories,  we de-1
tz^&^£&§^\ ^^^t:^^"? f?rHa mt\for\ [Uu,,los: l'rry phllpott's Tomato Catsu,)
lowest sham by the most competent of ' ' ,ll"*"oe' I trade relations which should exist
living judges on the subject. .
Gomez, the wonderful Cuban in
Already there are signs that may
! between us and the mother country.
• The wire-pullers found it to their
Isurgent general, is  a  nnui  of 80. advantage to tux the produots of
encourage us.    The church is wak- '■ about 5 feet 7 inches in  height and i ||,(, mother country at an average
jng; society is waking; great voices weighing not over 140 pounds,   Ho irate of 22 per cent, and the prod-
26e, and ride, per bottle.
are making themselves   heard  for is described  by an   IMurii
brotherhood; the world of labor is I serving  with  the  rebels  as  alert
itself getting a new consciousness, is cool, calculating and intrepid,
disciplining itself, is learning wit
fftcerjucts of  the United States 11
IW Netrr Sleep,       Open Day and Night,
The City Tea Supply Co.
S Dress Goods and Shoes  \
Arriving Every Day.
 The Beat Values and tin* Lowest Prices at the	
|       N. E. P. SOCIETY.
\   FOE -:—
Dress Goods, Cottons,
Flannelettes, Prints,
Laces, Muslins, etc.
15 Cases New and Nobby Shoes just Opened Up.
We are able to quote the best Groceries nt the lowest prices and will meet
any price lists oat. \
Opposite Gibson Block, Commercial St.
in its own ranks the lessons
Jdarity and mutual help.
of sni-
Vk\ Carpenter,
An American coal company was
the principal backer of the "loyalists'1 in Cape Breton.
cent., a circumstance which served
  to widen   the  cleavage.    We need
 -»♦*——- j ni,i expeel   Britain ,to come back
A   sinister   rumor   comes   from  and wait, for us.    We must move
Cape Breton thai o loffal paper was forward and catch up.
unable to cpmplete a report of ofie -      -»•*-
of 'flipper's speeches because the     Two planks, both bad, protection
supply of I's fell short. I and coprpion,—-Principal Grant.
Are ttlvint iiw.iy ti lew llti
In booka, opiul'llng'*! Bhuli
ell LeAves,   " tciynl Qnllei
Ari," " I'lic Fnvorlto Cook
Kinii.' Promliuiu
lOBpflAra," M UMl-
y ni' I'tielry unit
Hunk," etc	
obtaining ono ot thete book* It onttlloiitUe
ptirohiwor to ti memborsltlp In tbu iilolio
Library AlBootatlon,
Agent for tiie Dominion Building and Loan Association,
Subscribed Capital $2,250,000.    •
No entrance fees unless loans arc accepted.    Money advanced
within 20 days of application,    All  terms  and  agreements are in black and white, so you can understand them.
Insurance  Companies.
Royal, Queen,
London and Lancashire,      London and Canadian,
Quebec of Ontario.
THE MAIL, the People's Paper, $2 a Year   I] "-■•" - ■■- ■ .
P   I III     II    I.IM.MMIII,
Amendments Recommended by
the City Council.
Plan of Reorganizing' tiie Fire Department—Unemployed Miners'
Taxes to Be Remitted.
The Municipal Council met in regular
session Monday night, u full board being
The minutes of the previous meeting
•were read and adopted.
From the auditor, stating he had examined the hooks and accounts for January and found them correct. Received
and filed.
From D. P. Donahue, requesting that
a tile drain be put down on Newcastle
Towirslte, between Union and Fourth
streets. Referred to Street committee
for rejiort.
From A. Bell, secretary of the Athletic
Association, complaining that, through
the recent breaking of one of the drains,
the water had overflowed into their
building and damaged the wrestling mat,
value $10, and the tumbling mat, value
$1K, both of which they asked be renewed at the expense of the city.
Aid. Bradley moved, seconded by Aid.
McDonald, that the report be received
and a committee appointed to ascertain
the exte t uf the damages. Carrie .
Committee appointed — Aid, Hradley,
Wilson and Martill.
From the School Trustees, enclosing
the following estimates for school c\-
penscs for the year:
Caretaker    ...   .
Priming and advertising ..
Rein oi buildings  	
Insurance premiums 	
Rent of land	
Incidental expenses 	
5^'M :
8 i
M Mines liepktion Act J- H. pleace,
Examination for Colliery Manager -Certificate of Competency.
■•".- ..-..-•'■.•-.' -v,. •; i        <**33». vC-'**-
Total $18,(103
Received and tiled and  the estimates
referred to the Finance committee.
From   the   secretary  of   the   School
I'oard, applying for the sum of $1400 for
Gantries for the past month. Aid. Wilson I men elected the same as the A
moved, seconded by Aid. Martell, that, adopt
the amount be placed  to  the credit of
the board.   Carried,
brought Aid. Plants to his feet. He
claimed it ought to be pulled down and
a new bridge erected, as it would be
cheaper in the end; The suggestion of
the committee, however, was ordered tu
be carried out.
The recommendation that tenders he
invited for supplying tile drain pipes
was adopted.
TheCouncil then went into committee
on the report, of tho committee on the
Municipal Act,
On motion of Aid, Bradley, si nded
I iv All. Morton, the recommendation was
adopted allowing a rebate on real estate
laxes of 20 per cent, if paid before July
SI, 16'-;i per cent, before Sept. SO, and
lL"... per cent, before Dec. I.
The recommendation that the ward
system  be done away with, and aider-
v. a*
an examination for Managers' Certificates of Competency undertheaboveAct
will be held at Nanaimo on or about the
Second Thursday of April, 1896.
Candidates intending to present themselves at such examination must, on or
| before the first day of April, 1890, notify j
such intention to the Chairman of the'
Hoard, from whom all particulars can be
Applicants for examination must not
be less than 2,1 years of age, and must
have had at least two years' experience !
underground in a coal mine (or mines;.
Along with the application they must
also send a certificate of service fron
their present or previous employer.
TAKE NOTICE that there 'will also!
be an examination as above mentioned
.ii Union In the month of August, 1890.
Chairman of Hoard.
N iNAtMO, Jan. 21, 1890.
Farm for Kent
known as iheStarks Estate, offered for
rant, subject to approval of the court,
About 50 acres under cultivation, with
all   necessary barns,  dwelling-house
and store buildings.   It also comprises
a splendid orchard of four acres in good
healthy condition.    This farm is situated about six miles from the city.
Received Up to Monday, Maboii 2nd,
For further information apply to
D. S. McDonald,"
Guardian of Estate, Haliburton St.
A Full Assortment ut the Lowest Market Rate.
Promptly Attended to.
All kinds of
Tin and Sheet-Iron Work.
Victoria Crescent, Nanaimo
! i mice Tel. 80.   P. 0. Box 16.   Residence Tel. 101.
Funeral Director and Embalmer
The third section, giving the Council
power to control and operate the scav-
engci'ing won; uf tho city, '■.;.• ado] led.
Section 4, thai the Council  have  the
had the power without passing a by law
for  hat pin pose.
Aid. Morton thought that could easily
b.- got over by assisting thesu miners as
others are asaiet	
A'd Wilson amended the motion that
bey be returned  the .j;i by presenting
tevier Mouse
Graduate of the Oriental, the Eureka,
I he New York and Clark's
Schools of Embalming,
3 and 5 Bastion St., Nanaimo
The Greatest of American Combines.
A New York dispatch says:   The
great coal trust has commenced its
operations by advancing the price
hemselvea to the City Clerk before Sat"  by advancing the price of coal 35c.  MRS. JAS.   HAWKING,  (late of the
a Ion.   This is one of the most po\V- Temperance House)   desires  to ex-
erfiil and far-reaching combinations
The motion carried
Ai.'. I'lanhi moved that the City Cler
be i'mpow"t*eil  to employ a  janitor t...
look a.ter the offices.   Seconded by Aid. of  capital   that  has ever been at-
Sincln r, tempted in tins country, and  the
At the Mayor's suggestion, Ald.WilBon Standard,   Tobacco   atid   Leather
amen  'd thai these outles  lie niMeil to ..... ,                      ,                  ....
the janitor for the tire company. Carried. IU',S aPPe.al   alm"sl ."-Significant
Council then adjonrned, i oy  comparison.      It   involves   not,
——»*-•-  only the leading railroad companies
'-'•'•*' K,t   i.yUALITY. of the country, representing a com-
• , , ,  r        bined capital of more than two bil-
t right to equal free- ,. .', „        ,   ,       , J
lions ol   dollars, hut vast   ureas uf.
until, and  any measure  impairing. t,
thai   right   i.-  wrung:   and, being:
" regions, mil only in
wrung, v.ill worn evil, lor like
forces produce like cocci;-. The
rii in  of ihe individual to freedom
must productive coal   mini]
press her thanks to the public for
former patronage, and now begs to
state that the lievier House has
been comfortably arranged for the
accommodation of boarders, steady
or transient. Single or double rooms
with hot or cold water baths, and
electric light in each room. Everything strictly first-class and charges
moderate. Remember tin- house, a
half-minute's walk from the old
stand north.
All accounts due the Estate of John
llilhert must be paid on or before the
loth of January, 1SI10, to Mary Jane
llilhert, Bastion Street. All outstanding accounts after that date will be
placed in the hands of a collector, with
lull instructions to press for same. In
future the business will be conducted by
Nanaimo, Jan. Srd, 1896,
From the Street committee, reporting I Pn-ver ofappMiiittngone ol theitl Icrmen
,,       . .ii- on tho Licensing Board, was then con-
on  Mrs.  Lees  property, the drain  on    , ,      |
Comox. ruad, the drain on the Indian re- Aid.  Morton sail the way in which
serve and the Millsiruam bridge.   Laid the Licensing Board was conducted ai
over for discussion. the present litne was uuite unsatisfac-
.,,.    ,.    ...             . ,    •,,   , ,i    , . torv, and he a-iproved ol the suggestion.
Incl'.re Wardens submitted the fol- .; ,,   m,,,.,,.,;,.',,,;,,. ;,   ,,,„,,. ffarr|Mn
lowing report: I claimed his right to vote on the board at
We beg to report having interviewed j;l".'' 'ilm'' u"'lv ■""•Id :"' four members,
the coinmittee from lie flic depar'ment, I **}" t,ml 'V'"1'1 '•*' "" ";l" "8 bU" "■ '"'Sl
And the ivJIuwing are the suggestions "• anequal opinnui.	
made by them:   ' Aid. Morion sanl, II Judge  llarrison
"Tha't the city pav active Brettien fl refused to aet as a conimissloiicr, thel
per hour while working at a lire and 50c. matter should he referred to tho i lovum-:
pw- hour while at p-adice, aim mat tney "'."" •''"' L"'1' •' •*m" appointed who
finouild oruotiue t\ri e a montii, ami llia't  ,v''iat,t* .     . ,,,..,.
J.i mem hers oc toe total membership of   , Mayc,r Davison stated the Municipality |
I Act ol  is 2 a'luwetl toe  Milyi
but in oilier states.   The amount of
coal soiii last ye'r by the anthracite 'i1
mining companies and  ilie roads
Bakery and
aorogates .lie right ui  (lie state to . ,
... interested   m   that   industry   was
ntenere wnh  that  Freedom.      he ,..,„„, ,,„, ,                         ■        ,
.  ,                  ,                 .         . 4o,(10U,i.)00 tons, at   an  average of
r gin u   11it* state extends no far- ..„,,                                 ,.
,,r $3.08 a ion wholesale.   It is now
tint than to preserve equity    tosee
ilia: no individual  oppresses or in- ■
,    ,-                     ii      *      i           i u"" oiiu at the same tune
tenures  wnti   the freedom oi  nuv
Invites Inspection and Comparison
as to Quality and Price.
Awarded  First  Prize at the Agricultural Show.
IS Till
prod uc-
tenures  wnn   ino  irniiciu m  auv • ,       ... ,        .,        ,     .   ,
,     '.-ii    ..'i    ,        •        ', increased nrofit I nun 1 be sale ut i he
other lndividua.    i lie law m euiia J   ,      . a.. ..,,,„      .,.,
.     i . •'    , product of about ¥38,000,000.    1 In*
treedoni curidenius the ownership of ;•   ,    , . . , ,
Tiie Nanaimo Bakery Excels
the  planet   bj   individuals
, ' .. first advance which has been made
For it ...
represents an increased cost of more
, .-, .I       C   ill-.-l'illMIll   Nil   ll'.l.-t'UO'M   i'l    llll'll'
pari ul i In- earth can be owned it all .,'     >t,-,.,,, ,„.,,
1      ;                              ,-   ,      , than if lo.000,000 to consumers and
can be, and those so unfortunate as '     ?.    ,    , ,.
     , ,. , :., a correspondingly  large  proiit  to
the producer
ivn none of ll have no rights ill
ii a eoniiitii.n we cannot conceive
of. Exclusive occupation of -Any
part of the planet can only be recon-
The Popular Bakers.
San Francisco Coal Market.
Harrison's circular says: "Recenl arrivals have generously supplied the market  temporarily   with   Australian,   and
tho outlook is favorable for liberal ship-
nun's this year; in fact, importers are
Equal freedom condemns the reil-  already soliciting orders for  large  con-
ullltion  of   trade  bv  governmental   tracts fur late delivery at   a  marked re-
tariffs.   The rif'-'   ' '  ' ;"'
tu  trade where
suii;;: that he infringes on no one's!in colonial waters a few months hence]
Bastion Street, opp. Telegraph Office
i he light of the individual ''"'•""" £'"'" "^"f fMri™f, "/ ?° days
...   . .    ago.    It is generallv believed that there
he will   ;s  sacred,  will besuch an accumulation of tonna-,e
tliecompanv I Act oi  in ; a.ioucu ine   ruavor to •jraiil
"That all actii-e firemen be exempt   teniporary transfers of  liquor licenses cited with  equity by the rendering
from road ami revenue taxes ' during tiie reecss, pruv-iilin-i the II eases  ol   an equivalent value to those ex-
"Thiu the chief of the company be  «eregrunted previous lo April 21, lb»t,  cJudecl.
paid a eainrv, the amount to be fixed by  ;""• '* thoimht that all  licciisos Bhould
the Ctiuiivli. " ■'"' pl'esd on the same looting,
"Tkxt the company elect their chief! •-'"■ Wilson moved, seeomied by Aid.
and all other officers of the company out foreman, thut the Biiggesuon ol the
of their iiumbur. '       j M-'.v"r be carried out.
"We wuuld also suggest the prouurlng. fid.* Morton   favored   the  privilege
qt a new hose wagon, to be drawn  „» being given to the commissiouurs, and
two horses in place ol   the present huso I ""' tu •'">' ""•' man.
cart; also, that a chemical engine would  .  Al".* ■• "Stwouil contended the crant-
be of great cervlue to the company; also, •nn *" a teniporary license shoal ith,   cidodly   infringe   on   his  freedom,  cost fuel    I  the present  moort cost o
as the present.steam engine is too small  fi3Jrrl|iril™.T1BOI101,0"'J  'g        "" Tarifts. being wrong in morals.musl   Swansea' authnu-ite  should  be  muin-
eo^ra-ria ^vcnd^^J^l;:^    'l^'.no;i:n'c:;;ri,,,,an,ithc nmlUeeUrkeVi.,f„    L .will force-ah
tanks lie placed in different portions of, "";" ,''""'.'•.. ""'' e»e<-!'
the city fur lire purposes.                             Aid. Wilson  moved that  the recoin-       Equal treedom condem
"Inorder.to earry out the above sug- mp'1 ;;;'.';V!'.,"'' ,;''";"' ,'" M:':'!' ,','■  ation of rightful individual pr< o - ! shipments of .■oi,n,hdrThercarcaire.:i',iv j attended to.
Kir,;::^:;,::;:;;: ^'££&'%E£iL£££& ^. .,„.,,, mM has bAit'.li-*----*" >™ -■. .««.»»■
House Painters
n   Kalsommers
eeing that he infringes on no one's i in colonial waters a few months hence  v:*:' ' XT       '        11    ' 11'      I
;eei...:.   in  so   doing, and  that  to  t*»-l '« t rates will decline; hen«;e our   ^ . T V^^f >.^   \jlHilllllfl HllSlflftSS     IFftfJOPV
«rrlwu """!1 suJ ^is'"dv- ■S^'xr.sis?t^Wr Sim? Peters MMm uii&iuibunmnj
Ok'illv    llltnnge    On     [US    freedom,   ..ofltfllel.     H thu--rm-nt. Inilmrt tin-**-, nf   *^y     ■=3     V      ■*• 'I lHI:l:ISTIiHS.
LAMPS, Etc. etc.
Birds and Animals set up in a thorough workmanship manner.
On Hand—Four  fine  Ilecrs' HeadB,
which will be Bold for price of setting
them up.    Also a tine case of Birds.
d. s. Mcdonald.
till Haliburton Street, Nanaimo.
Poslolflcfl i
consumers hack to Australian coal who
nuri'ial street
I changed off on account of cheap am bra-      ©flF*Orders left at R. Lukey's Print-
nst lie lax- i,.',,,.. i hi-will largely anirment increased   ing Office, Last ion St., will be promptly
DARKISH & I'iitts. pamatan andSoUetton.
IANE, Barrister and SoUaltor, Iloorall,
Johnston Block.
cal engine—and two paid men,'
We also made Inquiry into the liiiiin-
cial affairs ol the company al present,
ami find tliul they have to' their credit
the sum of *)700, which could be used to
help carry out the above suggestions,
The report was tabled I'm one week.
lire-pir, M,P.P., and tnul he hu asked to
use ins mill, nee lo luivi them udontuih   perty.
« ' *» *•'• M« " -" —■  '"■«-.-. ™ « Weyde, or made himself [S^ess'els will ^ffor Ho'Tavs!
HV-I.AWS, a pair uf booie, or purchased these Thore are about 80.000 tons due to ar-
On   motion, the Aasessmenl   By-law   tilings with the product of his labor,   rive within (10 days, so that there will
be no scarcity of Australian.  As most of
the coal afloat is from outside collieries,
romiiKMvial Hotel,
was affirmed. . .        they belong to him alone. The state
the i •Mined then wont Into committee  • ,-      i , ,   ,-,
on the Ueveuue By-law, IbQH. "a" "" Bhlldow '" '-S1*1  '" them '"'
The following proviaiunavvei-o adopted :U° ;lliy P'H't ol them,
Corner Commercial iiml Bnatlon Sts.
From tbecominittec appointed to sue- i ,u"*",' ''lx' •'-•' I''-''' annum ; aucli iniwrti,
I hliwkers ami peddlers, .50 for every >..\
months;   transient  trade
gest aiiieiidiucuts to the Municipal Act,
making several suggestions, Laid over
for discussion,
FrqnJ dhe road (oreiuan, reporting that
workmen had been engaged during the
week on (.'ununereial Street, Winiicld
crescent aud Nicol street, repairing
sidewalks and clearing drains. Received
and tiled.
The committee appointed to Inquire
into Mr. ,1. (Ionian's case asked for further time to report.   Granted,
The report of the Finance committee
was read showing warrants for the month
of January 89 follows:
Public works 1)1,400 22
Police and jails      ;)!>2 88
City Clerk's ofliee.
■iti; pawnbrokers, |100; laundries, $6; ami bill-
lard or bagatelle tables, .', lor each six
months, the lax on dugs al large was
placed at (2 per annum, ami the Intelligence office license u.e- striekeu out.
The committee then rose.
Aid. Plants moved the lirsi reading of
the Public Health By-law, 1800. Seconded by Aid. Wilson And carried.
(in a motion oi urgency tho by-law
was then put through its various BtageB
and passed its third reading,
Aid. Bradley moved  that the work
lucre niav i.e  a  temporary demand for
lispeoiaily is  Wullsend at full figures, as' the quantity
tin-- true when we see that the si ate  here of this grade i.- nol excessive."
has an ample revenue in the rental        .      , ••* ,,
,-,,,.,     ;        ,-, n    ,, another bona Man Hone "V ronsr.
oi tne common property ol all—the
land. Charles Warwick, the provincial
Orily by obeying the law of equal government a-zent al Westminster,
freedom can tiie true rights of all was placed under arrest in Victoria
men be obtained. When the rights °"Fn,-v oi lasl ffeek l01' 8teal1nB
of man are Becured, it reasonable »'500, the property of the dovern-
inference is that there will be no ""'"1- Lt appears that Mr. Warwick
had been  interested  in some real  \jrmoiinn   \luot  Movlra-f   \Viwwbli* atkins, watson co.,Limited.
.ii   l>ctllttimU    .Ulill    JjU.tU.K6X.   •'■   Mod 1 llail, corner bin
This long.establtslied Unlet is comfortably
liiieil up with superior nccommoda.
lions lor triivolors mul uiheis.
Kone but the besl brands of Wines, Liquors,
Mrs mul (':-Jill's dlspoosod nl I lie luir.
T. i >•( i IN' N Ml,, Prop,
. Ho
Telephone 7.9,
Mi INNKS A- Mi-INXKS,   llnrrl«t,Tf,   Room  6,
Johnston Block, CommerctsJ street,
yAHWOOD .V: Vol'Xil. llnrrlsiers. corner of
loinmorolii) mul Itastlon sirvets.
rp   HAiinv. Botanic llruwlsl, Wtnflold Cms-
J-.  cent.  Try Hardy's I'ileOtntiuent,
DK. MASON, IVntisl,   Kxlnii'liiiK nsin'clslty.
(iiisiiml Bthoradinlnistered,
Olllco, Odd-Fellow's Block, Ksnatmo,
\\* J. illlllV. P. P. s.. liri-cn Blnrk. Mrst-
'• »   class work miiiiniiU'tMl.
/■IlKSi'KVT rllAllMArV. ll.u.l, ASTlUHms,
• proprietors, Victoria Crescent. Dupeustng
an.I family rei Ipes h specialty.
wrongs  tu  lie re, I lessen, and man
kind will have u
upmeiit which they have never had
before, and will refute the slander
llinl   human   nature  is essentially
chance for devel- es*'ale '" Westminster, and tho dull
passed by the lasl year's Council be pro- evil.
ceeded with ahead ol all other work. No      " \\\, honor liberty in name and
Ald.Planti ved that all tho work forin-   We set up
ordered by ibis board be cooled iron, the Bound her praise
VII "I'Dl'l.V  UN HJS(   I'l NT.
her statues anil
Hut  We   have
146.78 minutes and posted in a oawspicuous I not fully trusted her. And with out
1,460 00
-II.'I M
.Total  3,H02.29
The report was received ami the accounts ordered paid.
The Street Committee's report was considered seriatim. In respect to Mrs.
Lee's property, Aid. McDonald moved,
seconded by Aid. Bradley, that tho recommendation of tho committee, that a
tile drain he laid to carry off the water,
be adopted.   Carried
place, an.I that it he done in rotation. By growth so grow her demands.    She  !"'"ini>-. an audi I of his bunks, w:i
limes having seriously impaired its
value, had embarrassed him  limui-
cially, and seeing no way out of thelwhoiesi .     ■ u       ■■ ...   :        ;.;- ,.i
diliii'ulty he went   to Vieturia  and
'threw himself upon the mercy of
the government.
He was formally arraigned before
Mr, Pearson, J. P., on Monday, and,
i   iiiiiiieM'iiil mul Bah-
Telephone i-:i-v
Fresh and Sal) Mi-afs.
vaxumu nvK WOKKS.-Dyolng, deanlni
*■•   iiti.l Kepiuriiii;    l-l MtoolBO-eet,
('. I'haui.ton, Mnnsf-rr.
this means   lie  thought they would i
atblish a good system of carrying out the
Work. Ala. WeStWOod seconded and the
motion curried.
Aid. Wilson asked leave to introduce
tiie annual Loan By-law,   Granted,
Aid. Planta drew attention lo the case
of William Edwards, who broke his |eg| una symmetry an
while at practice as a member of the fire
department, lie asked that the Council render him some assistance, and
made a motion to that effect,   Seconded
by AM. Bradley mid carried.
Aid. Wilson' drew attention to the
unjust levy of the revenue i
The recommendation of the coinmittee I of the miner&who had recently been dis-
reBpeutlng the drain on Coinox road fol- charged, ami who hud to have assistance
lowed the same course, ns also did the ' lo get away. He moved that those who
reconimeiiilati if taking the Water off  presented'a  ticket showing they  were
the Indian reserve by drainage, going to leave the countryhavo their tax
The suggestion of the committee that   remitted.    Seconded by Aid, Sinclair.
Will bave no half service
Ii is a name to conjure with, nol iii
vex the ear in empty boastings; for
liberty means justice, and justice Is
the natural law the law of health,
trength, of fraternity and co-operation, Only in
broken gleams and partial li(*lit has
tho sun of liberty yet beamed among
men, but all progress hath she
called forth."
Stephen Bell lu Typographical Journal.
The "Nesl of fraitors," as Pre
ijjbortvl I ''etmtndecl for seven day- to New
Westminster, where hit,preliminary
examination will take place.
Mr, Warwick was appointed assistant government agent at Westminster Jnne l, 1880, and was promoted on March 7, 1884, to the position of government agent at that
place, lie has always borne the
reputation of being a most efficient
and attentive officer,
The government will not lose the
$7,500, for t hey buhl bonds of the
Guarantee Co. on Mr. Warwick for
'    Sausages, Etc ,
Meats Delivered —
To nay pnrt ofthe City (roe of charge,
Special Attention paid to shipping Ordors.
A Trml Solloltcd.
MARSH, Wholesale lvnlcr in  Fish and
Game. Basltoti Street, Nanaimo,
Lodge Notices.
Itikmiian Lorhje, JYn. .*?,.'.*•, Sons of St.
George.—Regular weekly meeting Is held
in Hubert's Hall, Wharf street, on Sat-
tiitiAV evening at 7:110 o'clock. Visiting
brethren cordially invited to attend.
Fred. W.uistavf, See.
People who Appreciate——8
mler Bowoll aptly 'tyles the "bolt- $50C0, and the remainder of the tuvoi
ere,    with  its concomitant, k" The |gum oan be made up on the insur
fhe MillBtreani bridge  be strengthened |    The .Mayor did not think Hie Council   erly portrayed by our cartoons.
jit-r;    Momentous Incubation," are clev-Ldce policies whioh  Mr. Warwick
i Las Ottered to make over tO them.       Their Wtopsaro uiijiit.
'/i lepuone n.
I; Kami UUTKI,-W. steki.. l'roprietor-Vlc-
'"   inrlii crescent.
>-   Proprlolor.   Vlotoria u-vscent.
\ E. PLANTA, Insuranceand Flnanolal Agent.
Kire, Life, Accident an 1 PlatS mass innurs-ice.
OIHce -i Imri'h Street.
MVVOLPE, Financial and biatirancQ AcrenL
•  Johnston I'lorfe.
/,  II Minv ,t in. Heal Estate llrokers, Button
' • street,
ta  TAYLOR, OiMiler in all kinds of New and
I'. Second ll.ni.l I'liniiture. and Ksncy AtU-
.iles ef nvcry description,
Next to Quennoll a, Cosunenttnl street. I,,'.!!    'I      I. II   I    -   i.   .ih.lM-1
ITS or:gin.
Binsulin i.» gcudsuf tin- South Son Island-
orn—Novlh Aun-rinm Fire Myths-~What
Darwin Ai.Im :|.;tt» r-T!.* Fire AVovslitp-
Koi fJ,0U0 years at .cast man has pondered over the phonomcmi of fire.
To-day no oik knows much more in regard to its origin dlscovory and lir-; use
than does I 'it Buporst ii inns Parsee who
will not approach thosaored Qames(nnd to
him ulj (lames are filtered) without wearing •* Hi ask ovor his mouth for fear thai
Lis breath will poison the divine eli mi nt,
Those wlio would stigmatize thh ns a
too broad assertion arc requested to take
tiioti hand-books of science, encyclopedias
die* and oarofully consull tiie titles,
"Fire/1 Flame," "Heat, ' " ambus*
Won and ' Light " and then set ii they |
tire not still in the dark as •<> what lire
really is, and by what means man firsl
came into possession  of the   'devonrer, '
Wore 11 possible to write a history of
the discovery und flrBt use ol (ire it would
ANTi THE  FlliE.
undoubtedly prove to he one of the most
fascinating ohapters of human knowl-
edge The very first step in search oi
"more light" tin, this interesting subject
takeB t»ne into the misty depthsof mythology.
The mythological story of Prometheus
has had as many intorprotations us commentators. Some conclude that the name
itself (unpersoniflod of course) simply
refers to forethought Qthers would hav<
ub believe that the story illustrates the
power of the human mind and its natural
tendencies to rebel against 'the powers
that be." AU investigators unite in declaring this myth of Prometheus to be
the most ancient of the Greek lire legends.
During the reign "f Zens the gods unci
the rions of men met in a friendly disputation t>n tlio plain neat Meonne, Kaon
company exerted its greatest powers with
it view b outwit the other, liliaHy. as a
gVaml climax, Prometheus out up a bull
ana divided it. into two parte putting the
meat and intestines Into the skin, The
bones In a separate heap covered with the
fat. Tiie mortals then asked Zeus to
choose- He, I wing a god, could see
through the deception, and instantly
made the proper eboico Bui he was
angry at the attempted deceit, and. on
that aooount, refused to lot the sons of
men have lire wherewith to ooofe their
Hut Prometheus was equal to the em*
ergenoy, and finally managed to steal
a few coals, which lie oonoealed In a hollow Btaff, As a punishment for this
thelt '/our brought Pandora and her box
of evils upon the scene, and the human
race, although they had the boon of fire,
was ever after doomed to disease and
Aeschylus gives a somewhat different
version of the legend, but he and all
other ancient writers unite in dei luring
that, while Prometheus may have been
Instrumental in taking from mortals the
gift of foreseeing the future, lie gave to
them  the blessings of hope and lire.
Prof. .Toby declares that the Promo-
thoian fable is of Indian origin, and that
its counterpart may be found In the
Yeih.s the sacred book of tlie Hindoos,
This Indian legend relates that the god
of fire, Agni (compare with the Latin,
Ignis-, had taken the only spark of tire
In the world with him to a hiding place
in a dark cave. Motarishvan, another
god follows him to his lair and forces the
selfish 0re-bearer out and compels him to
communicate his lire making secret to
Manon, the fir-<t man, who line just been
That the Greek lire legend is traceable
to an Indian source may Ik* surmised
from the fart that the very name I'lome-
theUB has been applied to a Brahmin implement used in the fire-making process
—an instrument called the pramatha
Further still, the prefix "ma" signifies
taking by force, which seems to crystallize
Prometheus and the pramatha Into one
and closely crowd tho Wreck and the Indian fire legends.
Among the Greeks, the Persians, the
Phoenicians and the Egyptians there are
several legends which refer to a time
when man was without the comforts Of
Pliny slates that lire was unknown
among the tribes which immediately
preceded the PharoallS, and that at last,
when a celebrated astronomer made them
acquainted with its nature and use. they
were wild with delight, Pompanlon,
Mola, Plutarch and other ancient writers
mention nations which, at tho time when
they wrote, knew nothing of the use of
fire; or. if they did, had but recently
learned it.
Hero the geologist brings Ins science to
hour,anil proves (to the satisfaction of the
aforesaid geologist, at any rate) that pre-
historic man knew all about the use of
fire, and had many modes of producing it.
Some have even gone so far as to attempt 'o prove that lire was known to the
man of the mlocene epoch, not taking into account tho evidence of others which
tends to prove that there was no man in
the mlocene period. The fact upon which
the enthusiastic believers in (Ire in the
mlocene epoch hase their belief was the
finding oi burnt sands and cinders In
she Orleanais drift with bones of the
; The Chinese theory of evolution includes the accidental discovery of fire by
hairless apes.
Some large, hairless apes,, so the story
goes, were playing on the seashore with
Hints and crystals. Becoming tired they
sat down upon some dry sea weeds and
amused themselves by striking the pebbles
together. All at once a spark lighted the
seaweeds and gave the apes a good scorching before they realized what had happened. The process of evolution had made
them hairless, and this calamity burned
their tails off.
They did not howl with pain, however.
nor run Into the water to allay their
suffering, but set about preserving the
tire by carrying driftwood and soaweeds
to feed t. With this fire they cooked
food, the eating of which quickly transformed them into regulation Chinamen.
The South Sea Islanders tell two different b tor tea regarding tho way they came
into possession of fire According ti
one of these q great whale was one1' washed ashore during a hurricane The monster became entangled in it grove of tallow
trees ta spocieB of evergreon whose
branches easily ignite) and. while
gnashing bis teeth m his impotent rage,
struck off a spark which lighted th<
grove and consumed both troes and
whale Fires which are said to have been
perpetuated since the day of the "great
whale lite'' may yet he seen in many ol
the Islands,
The other legend is to the effect that a
great air dragon (probably lightning)
breathed on a tallow tree and set Ite
branches on fire. Prom the coals of this
tree they learned the value of fire, and
ever since have used the element for
domestic purposes and in their religions
They also have a tradition that the time
will come when the dragon will return
for tie' tire, and that no man will he able
to withstand him and save the sacred
spark except he lie a person born with
pink eyes, fair skin and white hair. Fot
this reason the birth of an albino is always hailed with delight, and his or her
person guarded with zealous care so as to
preserve life to its utmost limit. Marionette mentions seeing o "fire guard"
(albino) while on his visit to the islands,
whom he believed to he at least 1BC years
old, and who had always been provided
for by the tribe,
One of the most remarkable of, the
►American Indian fire legends is that of
the Utes.
They tell of a time in the remote past
when all tho world, and the Utes in particular, were without lire and shivering
with (old. One day n spark fell from
heaven and was OUUght in the beak of a
talking bird, an operation which, of
course, smothered the fire. The bird was
one of the migratory species, and to make
good the loss, told an old chief what Sre
was, and where it could be obtained.
The place the bird told of was far to the
south of the Ute country, but it was decided to Nation braves at the distance of
"one run" apart, and in this way attempt
to bring a lighted torch from the land i f
the "fire people.11
The emissary sent on this important
mission provided himself with an Indestructible torch in the shape or n head-dress
made of eagle's plumes. lie then stationed
his men to the distance of one run apart
along tho entire route from the Ute ioun-
try to the "land of tire."
The Ute found the fire people dancing
around a sacred flame, which Issued from
a rock, and he joined them In their rites,
Presently, as hedanced.be dipped his
plumes in the flames, and immediately
he started, his bead all ablaze, towards
rteland. He ran with the swiftness of
;* deer to where the first sentinel was concealed, and delivered t<- him the precious
barge. The first sentinel did as the emissary had done, delivering it to the next
in line, and in this manner the Vies
came by the blessed boon of (ire.
But this Is only part of this curious
aboriginal tale. The Utes laid the torch
at the roots of a mighty tree, and a wind
sprang up and carried the fire into the
forest, where it raged until all t lie trees
In those parts were destroyed. Finally.
after repeatedly appealing to the god
Tawntz,   a   rain came und   extinguished
lllillllllRl|'.*la-- '       ''    i
w "'* iteMiiii
til% SK If'■ '   » ■  iEi
■ ji'—,
the tiro, all except a single ember,
which a turtle sat upon and saved To
this day tho turtle Is popularly known as
the "I'to's fire bird." and the Ctes thorn-
selves are the most careful people in the
world in the handling of tire, seeming to
tie in constant dread lost i* should get beyond their control.
Now a word in regard to so-called
"Fire-worshippers," the modern Parsees,
already alluded to, In spite ol all statements to the contrary, the Parsee is not a
(ire-worshipper. True, fire plays a large
pari In his religions ceremonials, but to
say that he worships that element does
him a great injustice. The educated Par*
see will declare that to him lire is the
emblem of the power of God. Fire and
light of every sort is regarded With reverence by the Parsee. and they always pray
with the face turned to the sun or -ome
other source o* tight, but when that is
said all is said, for They worship but one
Sod, and worship Him as devoutly as
Christians do tho God of the bible
A Tnatni'-.Tw later*
Try it yourself, very slowly and carefully, until you can say it easily. Then
pa-- ii along to your friends,    Here U is:
"She stood at tho gate, welcoming
him in,"
Ten to one a person trying to pro
nonnce the sentence for the first time
will fumble it laughably. These tongue-
twisting sentences, however, are
good elocutionary exercises. They give
you control of your vocal organs, so
that you can enunciate properly, Just as
finger exercises on the piano or organ
give control of the fingers.
What an immense amount of mechanical practice docs it require to establish
anything like a close sympathy between
the brain   and   the   physical   organs.
"You speak of cotton as one of yom
"Yes, we grow some cotton, though
not very much. We generally find that
we can utilise our land and labor to a
bettor advantage in growing coffee, cacao
and other articles of that class which cannot, be grown In those countries where cotton and grain flourish, In short, our
ollmate is too m noh of a tropical one to
make it worth our while to spend time in
raising those things which grow elsewhere
plentifully, when we can produce those
which are in demand the world over and
only produced In a limited area. This
Is especially true of coffee, which is our
great staple,"
"Then you do not attempt much in the
way of manufacturing-"
"Not yet. We grow our coffee and
cacao and sugar, and cattle- for which
there is a ready sale, and sell them to
other parts of the world and In ex oh an ge
wo buy cotton doth from Knglr.nd and
some from the United States; (lour and
lard and hams and machinery from tho
'nited States, and other articles from
Franco and Germany, We buy very
largely, now, from the United States, and
sell a great deal of our ooffoe and other
products to the people of this country.
too. Our commerce with the United
States is growing rapidly, especially with
the direct lines of sroamsh'ps now run
ningi and will, doubtless, continue to
'•You have spoken of your agricultural
products, Mr. Minister. What of the
mines which you mentioned?"
'•bur mines are very valuable, especially the gold mines, They arc situated in
the southeastern portion of Venezuela, a
part of them in the territory now in dispute with Great Britain, They are very
valuable—some of them placer mines.
some worked by other methods, There
are other minerals of value coal and iron,
copper and sulphur. The undeveloped
wealth of our mountain country is very
great, as is also that of the Great Orinoco
Valley, which is rich in woods and stock-
crowing facilities.
'■ The Orinoco is our great highway for
internal commerce. Ii is a great river,
furnishing navigation for a distance of
nearly 6,000 miles, Its valley is a region
of great possibilities in the productions of
stock and also of tropica! production.
There are lines of steamers now operating
on the river, and their work is gradually
opening it up to settlement and the
spread of the dominant classes into that
section, which has bean largely occupied
by the natives in , he past The very
large proportion of the white population,
up to the present time, Is in the nor!hern
part of Venezuela, where they can get a
milder climate by attaining a higher
level in the mountainous and plateau
region. A large share of the country further south is yet largely inhabited by the
"What a?o they like,the natives?" *'Xot
unlike your North American Indians,
in a general way. though, perhaps, move
like the natives ol Mexico, where not
mixed with the invading races. Only
about one-fifth of our people, in Venezuela, are pure white; some of the others
are mixtures of while and native, some
negroes, and some n mixture of the
natives and negroes.1'
"You have not spoken of your cities,
''Caracas, our capital, has 80.000 people. It is located about nine miles back
from the port of Lagnnyra but the distance which the railroad runs to reach it
Is about twenty-seven miles, winding
through the mountains and o limbing up
their sides. Laguuyrn i- our principal
port of entry, though Puerto Cahollo*;
lying further west i* a smoother port;
so much so that it gets its name from our
Spanish word for hair. 'CabeUo.' mean-
lug that it is bo smooth that a single hair
will hold a vessel. Then Lake Maracaibo
is a niagiuticent shoot of water, ninety
miles long and forty miles wide, though
not yet having a good entrance. Over
100 rivers empty Into this beautiful lake,
whose shores are lined with coffee and
cacao and sugar estates,"
"You speak of railroads?"
"Yes, we have m w several railroad
Hues branching out Into the country back
of the coast and developing very materially. "
"What of your Governmontr"
"It is based upon the system of this
country In most particulars. Our voters
are persons over 18 years of age. They
elect- members of a House and Senate,
The congress BelBCts a Federal Council,
't-iid that Council selects a president.
This happens every two years Most of
our revenno is raised by n tariff collected
on a large proportion of the imports.
Our income is nearly ten millions per
year, which about equals the expenditures, t lur imports amount to about $2,-
000.000 per year, and the exports about
SO per cent, more Chan the imports. So,
you sec, we Donrlsh, and if we are able to
maintain our territorial rights wo shall
continue to be a prosperous and happy
Geese That Made an Eclipse,
While I was on a hunting trip last
month at Hunan, Ks.. I saw a sight
which few sportsmen have ever Been."
Bald Cook Herman, "One night just as
it was growing dusk, our party was hunting on a lake where we had been having
good success with duck, Suddenly the
sky seemed to no domled over so that we
thought a storm was coming up, but
looking t<> sec* what was  the  cause of the
sudden darkness we discovered that Immediately over ub was a flight of wild
geese which literally covered the sky for
as far as the eye could roach. 1 do n it
believe I would be exaggerating If I was
to say the geese in that (light were numbered by the thousands. For half n hour
we watched them flying by, forming nil
sort- nf picturesque groups like maps in
the sky. shifting rapidly from one combination to another, They wore (lying
just high enough to be out of gunshot
reach, but 1 managed to kill one tired
straggler, which had fallen behind one of
the big bunches and ventured where he
could bo reached by along shot. It. was
a sight which I shall never forget and I
am still regretting that we could not have
got a crack at them."—Kansas City
Lines Ruled ON QltOSS,
Between 30,000 and 80,000 lines can be
ruled on glass with a diamond. In a lecture at London on the instruments and
methods of spectroscopic astronomy, Dr.
Hugglns explained tho action of the slit
spectroscope, which has given us most
of our knowledge of the chemical constitution of the stars. Many years ago
Frauenhofor constructed fine grating
liy ruling lines on gold leaf backed with
glass; on grease tfie lines could be ruled
still finer; on spfcculum metal as many
as 17,000 parallel lines were obtained in
a single inch. This has now boon still
further improved by the construction of
a machine which rules with a diamond
on glass no fewer than 80,000 to 80,000
lines to tho inch—a marvelous example
of the perfection to which astronomical
Instruments have been brought.
FfiotiMHl* llml lit-* i» Anttclpat-tMliu Uolriing
Him Up,
Tho belated wayfarer was standing In
the shadow of a building with hands
pointing heavenward, while he gazed
into the muzzle of a revolver. One
fpotpad was holding the revolver where
it would do the most good in case of
an emergency and the other was going
through tho victim's pockets. The silence was so oppressive that the belated
wayfarer finally felt obliged to speak.
•Think you're smart, don't you:" he
"We know our business," returned
one of the footpads, gruffly.
"Oi course you do." said the belated
wayfarer with something like a sneer.
'You know that this was my pay d,»y.
1 suppose?"
"Mile." replied the footpad. "That's
why wc laid for you "
"Ho ain't got but \'< cents. Hill," interrupted the one wlto had been searching the victim's pockets.
"Wot!" cried the other
"That's right," said the  belated way- |
faror i heerfully.
••Hut you was paid to-day," Insisted
the man   with the revolver.
"lilght again." admitted the belated
wayfarer In tho same cheerful tone,
"But somebody got in ahead ol you.
and yon thought you were so oil-fired
smart that I'll be hanged if I'm not
glad of it:."
"Somebody got vourr ollV'
"My wife came to the office after it
this afternoon, Oh, you've to got up
mighty early to beat her."
"Where's  the confounded chump   who
edits This paper;"
"Eh!—er—or—eh! I beg your pardon!'1
The Reason Why.
"I wonder it this new-woman movement will result in the erection of monuments to women':'' she Raid, thoughtfully.
"it won't," he replied promptly..
"1 don't -ee why," she persisted. "It
seems to me that women have been
slighted in that line. Why shouldn't
There be statues of great women ns well
as of great men:-''
"How would a statue with puff sleeves
look':'' tie asked.
"1 don't seo why it wouldn't look ail
right, " she replied.
"But bow would it look after pflffod
sleeves have gone out ol fashion?"
"1 never thought of that,"' she answered. "But I don't see why they oouldn t
change the statue as the fashions changed; and I guess they'll do It, too when
women are In full control ol things." —
Chicago Po* t.
Not a lighter.
"How did your great unknown pan
outr" asked the sport.
"We had to drop him," replied the
t miner.
"What's the trouble?"
"At almost the last minute he became
Incapacitated for work,"
"lie lost his Voice.
The cannibal potentate writhed in
agony, while The court physician prepared
a large pot of ginger tea,
"And 1 thought him such an honest,
fair fighter, groaned the king.    "If I had
any   idon he would strike   below   the belt
In this fashion I never would have eaten
Excclh nt Opportunity.
"We may have wet weather for Christmas," remarked tho Major.
"That will give Santa Ohms a obance
to use his rain deer," roplitd the Judga
—Pittsburg (Pa ) Chronicle Telegraph.
Very True,
Professor—It pains me, William,whenever I am obliged to punish you.
William—I know that, sir, but it
doesn't pain you on the-same spot.—
Fllegende Blaeter,
"Exouseme," he said, 'if I seem to be
a little Impertinent but my curiosity has
got so much the best of me that I must
venture a question."
"What, is it?"
"Are you a gentleman going trolfing or
a lady going bicycling;''
Row toSncceed,
"I am rich, very rich, although, when
I commenced business I had nothing."
"That may be, but those who did business with you when you commenced hud
something. "—Journal A musette. ■
Blue eyes are said to be the weakest.f
The upturned eye is typical of devotion.
Wide open eyes are indicative of rashness
Caesar Borgia had prominent half-
closed eyes.
The eye is really a self-adjustable telescope.
Side-glancing eyes are always to be distrusted.
Brown eyes are Bald by oculists to be
the strongest.
The eyes should not be used in weakness or sickness.
Small eyes are commonly supposed to
indicate cunning.
Near-sighted people almost always have
prominent eyes,
Tho downcast eye lias in all ages  been i
typical of modusty.
The proper distance botweon the eyes
.- the width of one eye.
Many  eyes   supposed   to  bo  black are ;
only a ihn i orange brown
People of melancholic temperament
rarely have clear blue eyes,
The chameleon IsalinoBt the only reptile provided with an eyelid.
Thi' eyes of fish and birds are round.
with no angles at the corners
There qfe from four to ^ix grains of
aqueous humor in the eye.
Kyes in rapid and constant motion betoken anxiety, fear er .are
The deer really weeps, its eyes being
provided With lachrymal glands.
Whenever blue incurs In the iris it is
generally the predominant color.
Kyes with long, sharp corners indicate
great discernment and penetration,
Homer attributed n protruding eye to
Juno,    lit called her the ox-eyed Juno*
The eye of the octopus is said to be
black, large, and as vicious as that of a
sua lie.
In mythology, Pluto, and the malevolent deities were representeti with small
The white of the eye showing beneath
the iris is indicative ol nobility ol character,
A bit of gold leafl-ll25th part of an
inch square can be perceived by the
naked eye
In all nocturnal animals the eyes are
placed to look foj ward, ao in the case of
The ey< ol the serj ent seems to have an
express:- -i of intense hatred and malignity.
Mmo. rte BrinvillierB bad larga blue
eyes, the upper lid of which almost concealed the pupils.
Bellsarlus. the Roman general, lost his
eyes through dust thrown into them during a siege.
The eyes of a cat do not shine In the
dark, but by reflection from the light
behind the observer
When the upper lid covers half or more
of tho pupil the Indication is of cool deliberation.
Gray eyes are said by some physiognomists to indicate deceit and instability
of character.
An eye, the upper ltd of which passes
horizontally across the pupil indtoatos
mental ability.
(■ray eyes turning green in anger or
excitement are indicative of a choleric
Kyes which   turn green arc   genorall'y
supposed to belong to persons or a treacherous disposition.
Colored races never have blue eyes.
Their eyes are always dark brown, brownish yellow or black,
That- when one ib accustomed to a low-
necked gown, she may be safe from colds
by bathing her UBuK in alcohol before she
goes out.
That elephant's hide forms the most
useful oi the new shopping: bags, and
they arc very useful gifts.
That by burning a taper of Japanese
lily in a wardrobe closet your gowns may
become delicately scented with the odor,
bill, so slightly as to ho scarcely perceptible.
That for those who cannot afford chinchilla, anew kind of mnulion has been
brought Into use. The effect is of a white
fur, with an overshadowing of black at
the tips.
That the oraze for orepon and orepes
has extended to velvet. The pile of the
velvet goes through a crushing process
which gives a very good resemblance,
That a new sandwich paste to be used
with graham bread is of chestnuts boiled
soft and salted. It is a delightful accompaniment to an informal chafing-dish
That the best way to cook left-over
cauliflower is to scallop it with cream
dressing and a daintily browned crust of
cracker crumbs, butter and choesu.
That* if hot dishes are served, and the
usual table wrappings are not Buffiolont,
mats may be dispensed with by placing
asbestos mats under tho linen.
That plain paste may be improved almost to the flnkey level of pnft paste if it
ih rolled] fold.id and put in the refrigerator over a night
That bridesmaids' boq\$etS are very
pretty when tied with four loops In such
a way as to resemble a butterfly lighting
for a moment  upon the Hi WOTS,
That rice 1b said to bo natter for children ns an accompaniment of meat than
any form M potato.
That for a perfectly-cooked roast their
oven should bo supplied with a gauge
door, which admits enough air with a hot
fire to keep the meat at an even temperature In all parts.
That thin, unbleached muslin is the
best material for a pudding hag, and
clean white tape snould be used with
which to tie it.
That tho "Popular Science Monthly"
has vouched for an ivy poison remedy. It
is a poultice of broad, wet with water,
ami powdered with common soda.
That tho offensive odor of burned milk
has no remedy, but may bo checked by
wiping tho stove with a piece of paper! as
soon as the milk has boon spilled and
burning tho paper.
That a loaf of broad or any pastry
which is cooked too quickly 1b likely to
That Binall heel caps of waste leather
will keep tho holes from the heels of
That a corncob dried and soaked In
kerosene will kindle a fire as quickly as a
fire brick.
That china has succeeded silver in its
use on the dressing table^
MJ*b Mary Kltigsley, who Has Returned
1'i'oiU the Mountains of Went Africa.
Miss M-iry Kingslcy, who. has just returned to England from Africa, has
taken her place among tho most fomoufi
women explorers by reason of what she
has done in the Dark Continent. In her
explorations on the west coast of A fried,
she has penetrated regions in which no
White man has ever set foot. She has
not only secured a logo number of tho
conchologlcal Bpe< imens which she wont
to seek, but lias explored several mountain ranges—one up to the height of
13,700 feet, at which she reached a
Miss Kingsley comes of a famous
stock. Her ZCBt for travel seems to belong to the Kingsloy blood, Charles
Kingsloy, her uncle, had it; so had the
other uncle, Henry Kingsley, the novelist! and so had her lather, Br. Kings-
ley. By the death of her parents, Miss
Kingsley wis loft without Imperative
family ties,, and she found in travel
and observation the natural outlet lor
her activity.
Since her return. Miss Kingsley has
been overwhelmed with invitations to
lecture, and all sorts of questions as to
travelling   In Africa.
"Big outfits art* not at all in my
line/' said she to a reporter. "1 travel
with tiie least possible luggage. Traveling need not bo such an expense as
most peoplo make of It.*1
"Mut how about things for exchange
with the natives!" Had you not to take
a quantity of glass beads and such
"Xo; I did not take my beads. Tobacco 1 found the most useful. Hut tho
Fang Wus1 money i- rather unwieldy.
Only think how you would like to go
shopping with these.'" and Miss Kings-
ley took down from the wall some li-ard-
ware in The nature of croquet hoops and
finer pieces of wire. "Kach of the largo
hoops represents about threepence.
"I am tio great collector, except of
fish—my fish, by the way. are now ut
the British Museum. o\»aiting examination from Dr. Gunther—but I confess
to a fondness for knives. "This," Hho
said, taking up a curious sickle-shaped
instrument, of steel with a brass handle,
"is a sacrificial knife. And here," lifting what looked like a hit of lava, "1b a
piece of the top of the Cameroons.
"1 cannot claim to have done much
more than collect materials, from which
at present, it is difficult to generalize,
though here and there 1 hopo to succeed in bringing out some one central
fact. Perhaps 1 know more about the
particular part of Africv where I have
travelled than other Europeans, because
it is an unexplored county; but what I
know is not enough to be vain  about."
Miss Kingsley will write a book about
her travels.
Some Curious Scottish Prayers,
No country in the world has produced
sui h a plentiful crop of curious prayers
as Scotland, where extempore prayer is
the rule among the Presbyterian oleigj.
Doubtless a great many of the pru,v"»;.i
which one sees in the papers fathered
upon the clergy of tho Land of fakes are
apocrypha), but those quoted 'in this article are undeniably authentic,
**Preacher Geordie,1 'an eccentric itinerant minister, who was famous all over
Scotland at the beginning of tho present
century for his pawky, homely sermons,
was also noted lur hi* ciginal prayers.
On one occasion he ostentatiously as-
con do d the pulpit of a country church
With his fiddle—his inseparable companion—under his arm. He then very
devoutly sot about aiding the precentor
by means of the instrument in raising
tho tune. Observing some little tittering
among the congreaatlon—for tho vigilance of bis suspicion was extreme—ho
took occasion in bis prayer, where, as he
often said, ho found himself least
straitened, to expross himself in these
or like terms: "Unod Lord, Thy people
—Thine own peculiar, chosen people of
old—were wont to praise Thee With tabor and with harp, with s.iekbut and psaltery: and Thy dome and loyal servants
were seen dancing and skipping and
snapping their fingers to Thy prnlso,and
weei xhey were rewarded for it.But nowadays nothing will serve us but sighing
and groaning, and squealing and howling out dismal psalm tunes, wi' feet
nailed to the yird, and faces an ell lang,
and mucklo disloyalty in our hearts
altera'! Gif Thy blessing reach us, it
maun surely lie mair by Thy favor than
ourain guid guiding.  1 trow!"
Geordle's prayer for the magistracy of
Lochmaben was formerly far-famed.
"Lord." said he. "wo pray Thee to remember the magistrates of Kuchmahen,
such as they are !"
An eccentric Argyieshirii minister,
noted for the sumo propensity as the
Keverond (toordie, began service one Sunday morning, after a spree tho night
before, with the following pithy and
original prayer: "O Lord, what are We
this morning hut a parcel of easy osles?
Grant us. a big meat house, and a wise
wrought bouse, and mountains o1 preed,
and. cheese, and whisky like Loch Lomond, and puild a muckle dyke atwoen
us and the tovil. '*
Whatever may have been his other deficiencies, a former minister of tho Cum*
braes ftwo mere specks of islands in tho
Firth of Clyde), seems not to have been
wanting in local patriotism, as ho was
wont to conclude his weekly Sunday
prayer with the following petition: '*(j
Lord, have mercy on Thy servants, tho
denizens of Great and Little Cum brae,
as also the inhabitants of the adjacent
islands of Great Britain and Ireland.'"
A well-known Lanarkshire minister of
the old school, recently deceased, was so
sensitive to any suspicion of plagiarism
that be never allowed himself to niako
the slightest quotation without giving
his authority. He was at .ustomod to assemble his household every morning for
family worship, and on ono occasion ho
commenced his devotions thus: "() Lord
we heartily thank Thee that we have
been awakened from the sleep which a,
writer in the Edinburgh Review has
culled the image of death.1'
We will conclude with tho following
story related by a well-known Glasgow
D, 1).: The doctor, in company with a
brother clorygnmn.was spending a vacation in Cumberland, and on tho first
Sunday of their stay they attended divine
service In a little Scotch kirk in the vicinity, taking the precaution to sit in a
remote comer, so that the officiating
minister should not notice them, But.
tho eagle eye of the minister detected thorn
and in the intercessory prayer he so ox-
pressed himself as to make quite sure of
some aid from them. The good man's
words were these: "Lord, have mercy on
Thy ministering servants who have look-
ed in upon us so unexpectedly; one of
whom will preach in the afternoon, und
ihe other in the evening.1' —Belfast
Weekly News. Ieksodkcesofvekezdela
[ Cofl'flf, Cattle and Sheep are the Chief Items
of Product Ian for Exportation —Little
PEMnufaotiirliiffiUutlCatlroada are iswng
; "Tho resources of Venezuela,1' said
J) inistor Andrado, as lie Hat In the hand-
me parlor of the Venezuelan Legation,
she resouroes of Venezuela are very
eat Agriculture, la Us broadest sense,
,iuy be said to be our chief rosourco, but
o that should be added our miniw, nur
oresns and their products ami our
?underfui facilities ftirtho production of
,;¥» stock, especially cattle."
Seaor Jose And»'lo,Knvoy Kuraordin-
k)*y  and   Minister Plenipotentiary from
fine Republic of Venezuela to the  1'nlted
States, is diplomatic and   reserved   when
{juoetloned  about  the  relations  of his
1 Country to England] but interesting and
ready when asked regarding his own dban-
(try an t its resouroes.   Therefore,   It was
with mi air of relief that he turned   from
""V* vexatious questions of international
t\ foils to that of his own honte and people.
*■) "TWO  and   a half millions   of people,"
\ii:i   be.   ''make up   the   population of
lentMuela.    of   that •number probably
i-liitu are whites.    Most of these arc of
ftntsh   descent,    some   natives    of  the
,'niti t  Stntes, some Knglish,  some Get'-
jUians, mgagad In trade.    But the mass
of   our   white   population  is of Spanish
"Am i the language spoken is  therefore
"V^ that is tho generally used language. Our laws, however, require those
pugagod In law, medicine and other pro-
\ Bslaus tit speak two foreign languages.
I'su vi:^ ^n.-se which art1 chosen are English i fa French, though sonic prefer
[Gorniau. The fact that we have such
Cargo  dealings  with the   Germans and
•i     > .■p^
ti:k i i:om vknezi i.: \.
Wren '..   ns   well as the English and  the
fpo-.pL'   f the United Stntes, makes It ox-
Jjfcremoly Important that those of our peo-
llpif who are engaged in commerce, as well
"is   in   those professions of which I  have
pi k •■.    should  sponk these languages,
Mo y >u see we have n mixed  language as
a I t*; -, mixed population, '
t\ "l: Turning Mr. Minister,  to the original pestiou of the resources?"
)  "Agriculture    nnd stock   production,
fmining  and   the products of the forest,
;:i   brief, an answer  to   that.     Von
intlnued the Minister, as  he pro*
jjfluosJ i map of Venczuoln,  "wo have all
irts   if   climate,   elevations  ami   soils,
id,   therefore,   our products vary very
uol,   aocording   to location,   Running
>ng    mr   western   and    northwestern
Ifljrders   are  high mountains, aud these
na] ply   a varying climate, governed  by
Bhe   juestion of altitude    Then,  at  the
f.south md oast of our territory   are lower
[hands, i one uf them covered with forests,
utome pl ilns—pmlrica they would be call-
id it; this country, I presume.    They are
havered with rich growths of vegetation,
Land as wo have no cold weather there, the
Jptook   tlourlshes the year round   without
Heed •:■ attention,"
/w  "The  production   of cattle,   then, Is a
,iiatt !"■ of little difficulty and very con-
ieri.i.e prolit;-"
* V*-.    It   is considered a certain thing
(jhere Mat the man who has a given niini-
cattle this year may count  upon
paving   twice   as many two years  from
,w.    That Is, if a man has   a  thousand
id :.-lay he knows to a reasonable cor
ijdy that he will have 9.000 head two
trs  " ence,   t,000 two years   later,   and
t')0 In another two years,   So you see,
wk   growing  is very profitable,  even
' ugh  prices   are   uot   largo.     I   have
■wr   times,   though    they were oxoep-
mi    ines, when cattle were s ild at $o
■ bo-id at tho   per;, on   our  northern
ist     But ordinarily, fair prices are nb*
J nlnod. Then, too, there are other classes
|jf stock grown successfully, sheep, goats
-Land mutes, our last census showed near-
fly   M, io.',(u)u   cattle and 5,000,000   sheep
find g Ms, This gives a larger number of
L cattle .or each inhabitant than any other
loimtry. Of course, most of the cattle
J,i*r-jr uriU/od   at    home up to   this   time.
• ljcnig.i the facilities for shipment now
. .ornni:-> to make tlifs feature of our Industry more profitable,M
"Your products for exportation up to
his lime have been—?"
Coffee, cacao or chocolate,  sugar,  in-
■xlgo, Jyo woods, and rubber. Coffee,
{however, Is tho ohlef agricultural prod-
\- -t.    I* is produced at certain   e! -vattous
■ th ' mountain and pluteau regions,
' 11- a safe, reliable nnd always market*
la orbp. There la no difficulty in al-
kva finding a'market for our coffeo at
,!u.d prices,"
'Coffee growing, then, is a profitable
Industry with you?"
Always.    Tho   plants   begin  to pro-
Jjluoe at two years,  aud at four or live are
■maturid  and   produce   a   Cull crop.    In
Tin:,io   localities two  crops   per year are
grown.  The prices obtained for our coffee
l^re^U'.'h that there is a profit of from  100
■»»t por cent, in its production.   That
, we -jot for it from two to throe  times
Irhnt it costs to produce it. Cacao is, too,
Vieroming a   prime   article of   produce,
Ind Is profitable and euro,   Next to this
pines sugarcane,   Wo produce consider-
Ible  sugar  for exportation, though the
taot  that  sugar   is now very cheap   the
Jlwnrld over of course doprossos   tho cane
ftndnstry with us,M
'•31 *w   do you work your   agricultural
actions?    In largo plantations  or small
lection-i owned by tho masses?"
"A good deal of thonglroultural section
FlVndcr cultivation Is now broken up Into
Jin.ol farms or plantations. Formerly,
laving the existence of slavery, there
Pgfre many very largo plantations for the
raising of coffee, cane ami oven cotton.
Hut. n iw many of thorn are broken up,
[hough there are near Caracas a number
[if Jnrgj ones still in operation."
A Curiaii* Habit Which Prevails Among
tli« Very Young.
Dirt-eating is a more common habit
among children than most people would
imagine. A very interesting paper on
this otirious habit is contributed by Dr.
John Thomson to a recent number of the
Edinburgh Hospital Reports, After iriv-
ing some account of the habit as observed
by travellers in different parts of the
world and by agriculturists among unhealthy young animals, ho status that the
dirt has a well defined hygienic value,
and Is eaten by childrun for medical purposes. The physical ailing which brings
on tho appetite for dirt is in most cases
anaemia,or"blooill:issnefl«, " which simply
means a running down of the sytem. In
these eases, Dr. Thomson thinks,the habit
might be formed from an instinctive
craving for oarthy salts, such as iron and
limit, just is a cat or dog, when needing
a little "physio," will eat a blade or so of
In some tests made by the doctor to
prove the soundness of his theory, he
placed  a  number of children m a room
Containing loose wall plaster and -tinders.
Those substances contain lime and iron
salts. The children, who were about
three years of age, were observed from
time to time munching on a lump of the
stult' picked up from the floor, One child
varied tho pastime by pushing the hearth
brush into the ashes and then licking the
dust olT it as a great delicacy. This habit
is common enough among Idiots and Imbeciles, but none of Dr. Thomson's oases
was suffering from mental disorder.
As a cure tile children were placed for
a time :n the hospital, where thev underwent no treatment beyond a forced abstention from their peculiar diet. After a few
days they had apparently lost all appetite
for dirt. Dr. Thomson does not think
that small amounts of ••dirt" eaten by
children will do any harm of Itself, but
the great danger is that they will get
hold of something poisonous or of some
parasite which,onco entering the stomach,
will reverse the operation by feeding off
his host.
A Drop nf Water.
Water that is now tu tho ocean and in
the river has been many times in the sky.
The history of a single drop taken out of
a glass of water Is really a romuntld one,
says a-writer in the "Museum." No
traveler has ever accomplished such dis-
r ices in hlfuSifo, That particle may have
reflected the palm trees oi '.-oral Islands
and have caught tiie sun'sTuy in the aroh
that spans a cloud clearing away from
tiie valleys at Cumberland or California.
It may have been carried by the Gulf
Stream from the shores of Florida, or of-
('■aba, to be turned Into a orystal of ice
beside the precipices of Spitzbergen, It
may have hovered over the streets of Loudon and have formed a part of murky fog
and have glistened on the young grass
blade of April in Irish fields, It has i.een
lifted up to heaven and sailed in great
wool-packed clouds across tho sky, terming part of a ol »ud mountain eaholng
with thunder. It. was hung in a fleecy
veil many miles above the earth at the
close of long seasons ot still weather, It
has desceuded many times over in showers to refresh the eareh and has sparkled
and bubbled In mossy fountains In every
country i:: Europe And it has returned
to Its native skies, having accomplished
its purpose, tu be stored once again with
olBctrlolty to give it now life-producing
qualities ami equip It as heaven's messenger to earth once more.
Glorifying God.
When w-i speak of glorifying God i*
must be understood that the expression
does not imply thatf any creature can add
to the essential excellence and glory of
the Divine diameter. It only denotes
that we perceive somewhat of chls excellence, that we recognize the relations in
which we stand CO Him, and that we are
drawn to lev-, admiration, gratitude and
obedience which the perception of this excellence ought ever to Inspire. All this
Includes an assimilation to that which we
thus admire and lovo, and a reflection of
the glory whiufa we adore In character
and life, as the moon shines in tho borrowed light of the sun. In this way, the
expression, glorifying God, seems to he
used in Scripture. Thus, when .leans calls
<m His Alsclples to let their light ho shine
before men that thev may see their good
works and glorfy their Father who is in
heaven, He plainly moans that they should
so live that others may be Uid by what
they see in thorn to the exercise of lo\e to
God, to admire His perfections, and submit to His will.
From llano to Shoulder,
Thirty years ago J, B, Garrison, of
Plant City, Flo., a machinist, ran a
small sliver of steel into his right hand
at the ba/e of the thumb, Tho wound
was treated *md dually healed,the doctor
saying i.ti it the stool had been expelled.
But over since that time Garrison has
SUHerod With severe pain- in bis right
arm,which ho attributed to rheumatism.
Lust week the pains became very acute
in his right; shoulder. Ilo weut to the
doctor and the doctor drew from just
under the skin of his shoulder the Bteel
sliver that entered his hand in 1805,
The length of Life,
'ihe Dublin Journal of Medical Science
quotes an interesting statement made by
Sir Benjamin w. Richardson concerning
the duration of Ih'e. Ho thinks that if
the ages of the two parents and of the
four grandparents be added together and
divided by ilx the ago of the case in
point will be told with an average variation of not more than two. if the ages
ot tho parents *.ire high, the oil-spring
tends to Improve on them; if low (say an
average of to or lower), the life of tl}e iiT-
sprlng will probably be shorter.
Great River* Great Country.
The Klver Danube Is 8,000 miles in
length, and it. flows through countries
in whloh •">- different languages and dialects are spoken. The Missouri river
beats that by 1,000 mites, and though a
good many languages are spoken in this
country, if a man wore to start in a canoe
near tho source of the Missouri river, and
to float to where Itfl waters empty into the
Gulf, and speak to a man on every mile
of the way, the chances are ten to one
th it in every case he wauld be answered
iii the English tongue.
What it Costs in Glean a City.
Col. Waririg's estimates for keeping
New fork's streets free from dirt during
lH!).i were considered tho othor day, and
Hie sum of $11,020,715 was allowed and
put In the budget. Col. Waring asked
for JO.187,052, divided as follows: .Swooping, 11,408,810; carting, $008,473; Una!
disposition, $508,800; administration
$990,4401 rentals and contingencies, 1100,-
■t'bi, snow nnd ice, $40,000; new stock,
$10,000; total, ii, 147,0.'itf.
About Postal Matter-..
During the throe yoars our predecessor
held tho office of postmaster of this town
his private room in the post-office was the
rendezvous of a gag of idlers and loafers.
When we assumed the reins of govorn-
tuent we publicly announced that no one
would be admitted to this room except on
official business. The gang took it rather
hard, and wo certainly lost prosttgo tis a
good follow, but we carried our point.
Now ami then an attempt has been made
to bring about a return to the good old
state of affairs, but wo have always come
out on top. Last Saturday old .liiu How-
son, who detests progress and despises Innovation, made up his mind to override
us or perish on the spot. When wo entered
the post-ollico after dinner we found him
seated <m the table in our private room.
ilo had his feet cooked up on our last
monthly report, und was smoking an old
pipe and pawing over ollleial documents
and feeling very much at homo.
Mr. Howsoti expected us to stop to
irgUB and protest, and during such interval he would poll bis gun and make us
back water, Whcro wo surprised and
confounded him was in making an immediate attack. The grin with which he
greeted us nnd only covered half his face
when we had him by the nock, l-'or
about three minutes we toyed with the
mistaken James, and then heaved him
out of the window on the sidewalk. He
loft behind him his guns, his hat, one
boot, his coat-tails, a handful of hair, one
eye-brow and two front tooth, and at the
present writing he is under ihe doctor s
care aud anxiously Inquiring If the earthquake destroyed the whole town. We
will state again that tho postmaster's
-private room is for the postmaster alone.
Outsiders are admitted only on official
business. Mr. Hcwsonls now thoroughly satisfied on this point, but it tHero is
any other critter in this locality who has
my doubts about it ho is invited to enter
We Admit It.
Our esteemed contemporary was out
with a sensational article last week holding us up to ridicule for being chased out
of Pine H1U by an indignant &,-■-) 0f
citizens whom wo hail insulted In a grievous manner, The affair is very easily explained. Ten days ago we were invited
to go over to Pine Hill and deliver nur
lecture on -Was There an Earthly Paradise?" Wo deliver this lecture now and
then for tiie benefit of charity, and this
is the first time any audience has found
fault with it. We take the ground that
there was a Paradise, and we enumerate
man- tilings which want to make it so.
Pine Hill Is a town of -.'1:1.saloons and one
store. Nineteen mt of every twenty Pine
Hillers are drunk from Monday morning
to Saturday nlghS, Because we didn't-
mention whisky .\a one of the factors going
to make up an earthly Paradise we hurt
their feelings, and a row was the result.
We own right up that we got off the platform as soon as the eggs began to i!y,
We not only got off tho platform, but out
of the building. Wo were shot at as we
ran for our mul", bur once on his back
we kept ahead of pursuit. Yes, we were
affgod and -toned and shot at and chased
for five miles, but we don't feel very had
over it. There wore 350 men In the
crowd.and we are not idiot enough to Imagine that we can stand off a gang ot that
size. We are tickled to death to think we
brought home our scalp with all the hair
m It, and we grin with delight as we
figure up that the crowd must have
wasted at least 500 bullets. There may
he in editor in this great and glorious
territory fool enough to -tend up to a
mob howling for his blood, but we are
not in It.
>'<», Thanks.
A Chicago dealer in shoes, whose ad-
vortisement will be found in another
column, writes to ask if we will accept a
pair of pointed too shoes as a token of
esteem In which he holds the Kicker as a
family paper and an advertising medium.
We reply that we feel highly flattered but
we can t accept the gift. If we had the
shoes we should feel like wearing them,
and it we put on chose pointed toes and
took a stroll along Apache rvtenue we
kuow |ust what would happen, Jim
Skinner, Hank White, Hob Taylor and the
rest of the crowd lov** us and would tackle
a mad grizzly to prove it, but they don't
lovo us well enough to permit us to crowd
rhe twenty-first century down their
throats. About tho time we got to spitting over our shoulders and slinging on
Broadway style, the boys would out with
their guns and begin shooting, and if wo
got hii'k to the otliee with a toe left we'd
he in great luck. It's natural to us to
bo a sport and a .rim-dandy, and tears
come to our eyes when we think of those
shoes, but we know the feeling of our
people and have no desire to furnish a
victim for a funeral.
The man Is there   \nd he Is feeling out
of -light, too.—Judge.
A Trillin; Difference,
Exohnnge Editor—What makes Dr.
Loader look to Sad to-day:;
Financial Editor—Oh, nothing, only ho
tri.> i to say In an editorial that Wiggles-
tein was a national oharaotur, and tho
compositor made him say that he was a
notional character instead, — Somerville
(Mass,) .Journal.
Did Ft lends,
Material Shape—Hah!    Who are you'?
Spectral Shape—I'm the Colonel Colt
case, who are	
■'I'm a tax payer of Fayette county.
You skip out as fast as the devil will let ye.
or there 11 be trouble I"—Cleveland Plain
All of our turkeys are descendants of the
Wild bird. Tho Wild turkey in plumage is almost identical with our Bronze
variety. It is. therefore, quite probable
j that the Black turkey was produced
from the domesticated Wild, either by
continuously selecting tho blackoBtspecimens, those showing the least tendency
towards bunds, or that through melanism a black specimen or specimens
sported from the common kind, and became the foundation of this variety.
Tho Black is a long-established variety.
In certain parts of England li was, until unite recently, the favorite variety.
The introduction of the Bronze turkoy
into Kuglund has done considerable, in
recent years, to dopose it of its quondam supremacy, The Black Is a handsome variety, All black fowls are handsome, American prejudices to the contrary notwithstanding. Black plumage
mean.-, black beak and legs, or appro.;:
mutely >o. with white skin. Black Is
the most lustrous plumago we have. In
the sunlight tho greeufl and purple- nro
extremely beautiful, l>t;t black In this
country, owing to unreasoning prejudice, is not a popular color. Only one
black variety of fowls Is widely popular
—the [Jangshau, The Minorca narrowly
escapes being popular. But black ought,
to bo popular, lor its wearers are usually hardy nnd always beautiful, r-o, with
this prejudice In view, we need not
wonder that Black turkeys are comparatively few in number. The Black turkey should lie black throughout. The
American Standard makes "feathers
other than black*' a disqualification.
But, despite this rigidity, the variety
often "harks back" to its banded ancestors, and bands will show on wing
feathers and Tail. These hands do not
hurt the   flavor   or' the   flesh, although
\ Probable Result.
Wife—I'm afra!diJohn,that if the hired
mans' indulgences continue, you will
have to discharge him.
Husband—Quite unnecessary, my dear;
he's so loaded all tho time ho will fall
down some day and discharge himself.—
Kiehmand l)lsp>itoh.
they may prevent the bird from winning a prize. If the breeder of Black
turkeys will fatteii all that show these
bands—marks of heredity—and use only
the solid colored specimens fur breeders,
this tendency will be reduced, though
It is impossible ro predict how many
generations it will take to obliterate it
Ureburd Plowing-.
The easier way to plow an orchard is to
throw a fill row * up against tiie tree on
each side. This makes the orchard into
lands with a dead furrow botweoil each,
row of trees, and soon gets the surface in
wry bad shape for growth. It is net
made much better by alternately plowing
across the furrow of the preceding year.
This makes the held into squares with a
tree in th<* center of each one, It removes
the host soil from the center of the rows
where the feeding roots are, and puts it
where tho tree has fewest feeders. What
is wanted i* to plow alternately to and
from the trees, leaving the surface nearly
level. For this purpose whittle trees with
the traces looked to straps on their hack
so that each trace protects the end of the
wfiilllctree are needed. They were In use
many years ago in fruit-growing regions,
and were then patented and hiim priced,
Tho patent has long since expired, and
these whiftletreee ought to he used by
aviary farmer who has occasion to plow
among valuable fruit tree-.
Cleaning tho Poultry iioihi>.
In winter it Is somewhat disagreeable
work to clean out a number of poultry
houses, and those who go about such
operations carry a scraper, spade, wheelbarrow and shovel. They first scrape the
droppings into a pile and then do much
unnecessary work in tho thorough cleaning of the Moors. If rut straw or leaves
are u^eni, or tho floor Is covered with drv
earth only a broom is nocesary. Simply
sweep the floor, add more cut straw or
dirt, and the work is done in a few minutes. "Do ""f aim to save the droppings
except to throw them on the regular
manure heap, as it will be the best place
for them,     i'nder   the   roosts, where the
droppings accumulate at night, the dry
earth or other absorbent material should
be used liberally. No poultry house can
be kept in good condition, however, unless it Is cleaned at least three times a
week, even In winter.
A X no fill Planter for TreoS !,.
Ash. Box Rider, ('atalpa, and other
winged seeds are peculiarly well adapted
for wide distribution on windy days, and
it l.i a rather bnok-achlng job to plant
'hem by hand, step on them with one foot
ami cover them, when a good breeze is
blowing, By making a tube of pasteboard or building paper, about three fed:
long, two inches across at the lower end.
and largo enough to put the whole hand
in at the upper end, a tool Is provided not
only for tree seeds but for many varieties
of garden seed. Every seed can be put
just when* it Is wanted without bending
the hack at all, With most .^ii- a little
earfh can be pushed over tiiem with tile
foot and firmed at the same time, giving
sufficient covering.—American Agriculturist.
When  lo Planl  Slmdc Tl --
The best time for planting shade trees
Is supposed to be in the fall nfter the
young trees have cast their loaves, and it
may be continued until tho ground begins
to be frozcb, some planters prefer tho
early spring, before the buds have put
forth, This is especially the favorite
time for planting fruit trees, but there Is
a great risk in waiting until they begin
to loaf Tree planting Is one of the duties
which the farmer is called upon to perform which requires the special exercise
of his own good judgment, as only general rules can be given to direct him.
It Is not possible to lay down set rules
whereby feeders are to bo governed, or to
prescribe a given ration.
Blueves Shirred into the Arm bole*
An artistic creation for a young matron of the blondc-oeudre typo has a skirt,
uf corn-color satin brocaded wirh a vine
of purple blossoms, the bodice of eorn-
color chiffon is low and drawn In graceful
folds to a belt of satin. Tho color of the
blossom- In the skirt and its only doora-
tion are four narrow horizontal tucks
that surround it a trifle above tho bust
Una,   thorugh   which are run satin   baby
ribbon tho color of the belt, The sleeve
Is shirred into the arm hole and is plain
but. for the four tucks treatetl in thesame
manner and on a line with those of the
Tiii- same idea is carried out in a
white tulle gown for a young girl, with
ribbons of pink, and the four tucks are
run in the skirt just above the hem.
New Styles In Olnvei,
There are fashions in everything now-
a-days, and fashions are always changing, oust at present thure are some
curious and Interesting new fashions in
gloves—ladies' gloves, of course, because
men s gloves don't change much.
There is at least one novelty in the
market that ought to, and in all probability will, make a decided Mt. This
novelty, which Is sold by a large dry
goods store on .-dx';: avenue, consists of a
good kid glove, weU-finished and mad.'
iu tho various fashionable colors, having
In tho palm o.' tho hand a tiny purse,
just the si/e for carrying small change.
The purse fastens with a pretty nickel
clasp, and so elevorb is It contrived that
it Is not in the leas! bit clumsy, and on
first Inspection dlfiers In no respect from
the ordinary four-button kid glove.
Of course the advantages of such an
article must be apparent to every one.
No more need you fui tide In your pockets
for car faros; no mora must you hurriedly
open your pocketbooks, thereby—if you
are like the innjority—scattering abroad
sundry refractory coins which generally
manage to escape as y >u seek for the re-
qtilslta "nickel." No more of this. Buy
a pair of these delightful inventions, put
in the little ppuoh live, ten, fifteen curs.
r as much as ii Will i-.-il-.l, and when you
enter a car, when ; ou Indulge In a
"soda." and In n hundred other instances
you will forever disp ay your superiority
over the rest of womankind.
As ishards evening gloves someone has
already sot the fnshi »n, and with blind
(not to say shoepliko) docility society i-
meekly following the leader. Who is
she? Who but the latest object of our
adoring gush, the one and only Yvette.
Yes, ladies all, there is every probability
of a reutilar epidemic of long black gloves
like those that invariably adorn the
somewhat skinny arms of the costly
Guilbart, Black gloves and white ones
always command a good sale for evening
wear and compete successfully with the
various fancy shades, no matter how
dainty, and this season the black are
going to cut-distance nil tho rest. Tho
tint has gone forth; let the votaries of
fashion bear it well in mind. Black
gloves are trie order cf the day: they may
be suede or they may he lace kid, but let
them be black.
For those, however, who venture to
differ from the prevailing style there is
the usual variety of dainty colors, tho
regular "opera shades," us they are called
—white, cream, pink, blue, green and a
charming butter color that is a little out
ol the common. Lilnoe kids are very
much in vogue and are certainly pretty,
but there is no fear of the suedes being
ousted from their prominent position iu
the favor of the fall sex.
During this cold weather all our
thoughts (to say nothing of all our feet)
turn irresistibly to skating, so it will
probably be a relief to many who sudor
from the biting cold, as most skater.-.
in tst, to loarn of some splendid gloves as
warm and cosy ns can on and at tho
same time not nt all clumsy. They aro
of thick wool, hand-knit, Ihe palm of the
hand only being of kid, The arm is very
long nnd wide to admit of being drawn
ovar the jaokei as far as tho elbow, or else
turned back over the sleeve with the effect
nl A cuff. They arc not expensive, and
two sure to work themselves Into favor.
Thoy should prove a boon to many an
ardent skater whose flesh Is more susceptible to rob! than her spirit to fatigue f-
White gloves for stMflt wear are to bo
as much seen this season OS ever. But
they nhould not bu worn, as they so frequently are. on a morning shopping tour,
h.'cuM.-e uot only Arr. they altogether unsuitable, but they are extravagant, as
naturally they soli quckly, This latter
fact, by the way, would seem to matter
very little, as most ladies wear them
1 eig alter their original hue has entirely
departed and a pale, mud-color taken   its
P l''
Then there are the castor gloves, whloh
:ire always more or loss in demand, and
some new silk-lined kid gloves are rather
alluring, but thoy are more fascinating
on first Inspection than on subsequent
use. Not only do the linings contribute
wry little Warmth, but they give the
baud a bulky and ungainly appearance
anil tear very quickly, rendering the
iLc.es too uncomfortable to wear. The
•tamo objections apply even more   strong-
. ; some now glove- that are lined with
a sort of woolen material.
will, heavy street gloves are supplied
by Dents, the KngUsh manufacturers, but
th.*",- are more useful than ornamental.
being very strong and serviceable, Indeed.
A great many ladies, who suffer from tho
cold, and yet are unwilling to appear in
the strong, heavy gloves that alone give
the requisite warmth, compromise the
matter by wearing over tho ordinary light
in ike of kid a thick pair of woolen mit-
tolls or gloves. These they slip off. when
entering a theater or paying a call, and
thus satisfy the dictates of fashion and
It is only of recent date that tho ratie
of water In butter lias boon a subject
j of discussion, and that its presence in
large amounts has been challenged.
. The trade does not, a-> in milk, do-
| inand a specified .standard of butter in
! reference to water,yet it doesnot.as Mr.
I Harris said at the meeting or the Now
Hampshire Dairymen's Association,take
' kindly to butter that is like some of
our railroad stocks, rich iu water. In
fact, it marks down tho price of such
butter. Butter carrying much water
will not spend as well as chat which
carrie-. little, as ;an be soon at a glance,
That it is a money question ot no mean
Importance, the pencil point makes obvious. Butter at H cents a pound
costs one and one half cents an ounce
If it contains 19 and a third per cent
Of water it has two ounces or three cents'
worth of water. If it contains JS per
cent, then it contains three ounces of
water, or four and a half cents worth.
The maker of BUCh butter receives one
and a half cents more for water than is
received for the first named sample. In
one case there is received for actual fat
37 (■.' cent*, and in the other case #1.89
cents, or over ? per cent more for the
more watery butter. This difference
amount-, to several dollars for u year
It is something more than a question
of standing up well and of taste, it Is
one of economic importance to both buyer and seller. It Ls a pity that the per
cent, of water cannot he determined by
some nearly instantaneous proCBSS and
butter be sold on a uniform basis of
water. The trade prefers butter of some
13 or fourteen per cent of water but
gets it sometimes for th.- poorer sorts ot
over 3d per cent. Before us is an ac-
ount of butter made by an Englishman
that contained 39 por cent, or about one
third water. This butter :ould be
afforded cheap. Expert buyer.-, take the
water Into account In their pur liases but
of course, are liable to over or to underestimate the value of this factor. Some
maker- doubtloss put into their
butter indirectly, by its manipulation, enough to bring the sample
above the average water mark,
Cream It rendu r.
The dairyman knows bow difficult It is
to keep cream at proper temperature in
winter. The cost of fuel to heat, a
whole in ilk room would be a heavy
drain on the dairy, if the Bream is kept
near tiio stove it is uot only Inconvenient, but may absorb the odors and
gases from the looking vegetables To
solve the problem, A. G, Chapman set
a thinking, and he has constructed
what he calls ' A Cream Brooder " Here
Is nu illustration of It
He explains It as allows:—Make a
box wide and high enough to hold a
cream pad ami long enough to hold all
the cream palls you have. Make a cover that can be laid ou and will be
tight.   Cut a hole a foot square Lo   tho
bottom ant line the edges with tin Stop
this up by nailing a piece ot sheet Iron
over it on the outside. Nail on some
legs so as to raise it up from the floor
high enough to put a lamp under it ll
in a room where wind will blow, get a
box without a cover aud pi: a door in
the side and set the box on ;t. Put
your lamp inside and shut the door.
Make a slat rack and pluco inside to sot
the pails on to keep them up from the
bottom of tho box bo that tho air can
pass under them Any ordinary lamp
can be used, but a good-sised burner
and a sheet iron chimney is best By
regulating the flame, one can get just
the degree of heat needed. A little practice and a thermometer are all that are
needed to get excellent results.
Dairy Notes.
Mlik is now successfully sterilised by
subjecting It to an alternate electric current.
it will not require much study to show
many farmers that they could improve
their system ot feeding cows.
Cows do not milk any easier with wot
hands than with dry hands. If tho udder
is covered with dust and mud, it should
ho washed off and dried with a clean rag.
Hoard says that It sounds passing
strange 111 these days of '-heap oats, cheap
corn and cheap barley, and butter at a
good price, to hear farmers talking about
selling their grain. There are three
pounds o£ butter in a bushel of oats or
corn or barley when tod to a good butter
producing cow. Can a man soil his grain
:it any better price, in these times, than
to turn it Into butter I
How many farmers outside of regular
dairymen ever take time to test their eows
and calculate whether or not they are
profitable and paying for their beepf
One good cow should furnish milk and
butter bountifully for any ordinary-si Bed
family, but how often do we see three or
four head kept for this purpose, anil then
the wants of the family are net at all
times supplied. This is a leak that should
he stopped tiie coming year if you want
to Inoreasfl your prosperity.
The general opinion is that feed was
the cause of the bad flavor so generally
reported In November. Now that the
season Is further advanced and cattle are
in the barn, the flavor has improved. This
is a probable view, bun not the only one.
When cold weather comes on the dull
butter-maker is always caught. He
does not take time by the forelock and see
that i>e is prepared to secure the proper
ripening of his cream, He finds it cold
and hunting ripeness, but he warms it up
and goes through tne old motions and
fails In flavor. Frosty feed is one bad
thing, the cows pinched with cold is another had thing,and a sleepy butter*
maker is another bad thing, and all three
make a bad mess of it.
It does not pay to be in a hurry to turn
off a cow for fattening becatiso she will
not breed, Milk her as long as possible
and *;ive her plenty of good feed. If tho
cow Is a really good one. she will more
than pay the cost of keeping through the
winter, nnd will bring a higher price in
spring than if sold now. A farrow cow
to provide milk for family use ts often a
great convenience on farms where nil the
cows aro bred to drop their calves In the
spring. The food should be made as succulent as possible, so as to encourage
milk production rathor than fattening
until nearly spring, when the coming In
of other cows will make the milk from
the farrow cow of less importance. LOCAL LEGISLATURE.
(Continued from First Page.)
Mr. Braden introduced a bill  to
incorporate the Alberni and electric
waterworks    company.      Betid     a
lirsl time.
Fourteen ships wen' loading lumber
tins week at Vancouver, the largest luun-
her on record,
The Provincial Government have declined to admit the public free to the
mining lectures,
A Btroug amateur company ol Vancouver contemplate producing "Ermine" in
Dr. Walkem asked the Minister I Nanaimo shortly,
of Mines why the  Provincial Min-      Business seems to be improving In all
eralogisthad  not   placed Nanaimo  parts of the Province, but business men
on the list of his cities to lecture.
Private Interests Conflict With
Public Interests.
The Hoard   of Trade Are Not  Prepared to Take Up the Chinese
Agitation Question.
here lire anxious i" know when Nanai-I    So far no steps have been taken to demo's turn will come. elde where the E. <S N. Extension mine     «» ,       t .«-;,•,,,   < l, .    4
Col. linker said Nanaimo was on      [t [a nll .e(*  ,|lal,  \|r.  A.. Galloway "oal is to be shipped from.   Although!   lvthpLCllllj;   II1C   ASSChS-
the list, but had been removed on  w,n h,.jng un action against the  Free our  contemporary has  endeavored   to llieilt  Roll
account of  the late arrival of  Mr.  Press, for the publication ol an article create the impression that arrangements
,,    ,  ,   ■    ,, j, :,-,.:!,., .i;.,,.,,,, , iro .rj.iit I,... i*i ii were heing made to ship the coal from
Carlyle in the country ana besides, leneiungon tn.n geuneiuun. »   ,	
M, ,     -    .    ,   . J     ,, ,i,   .,,. ,,,,..,,,1,..,,,,I,;,,,..i Northneiu, such is not the ease, ana the
>■  i -i,.,..,,. ,., .n ,   ,,.,t  i ,,<   mi... ti.     t»    ifiii n ni th,' strong, anucomoineti . ,   . .,,,,. T   ■ ,. ....
i. naive) touicl not liinl lime to     ~   ? ,   ,    religious  institutions   tne matter is no nearer solution now than it  WnBBBAS, It is expedient to limit the
visit   any   place  away   From    his  J ...COUvur Council lonlenmlate the re was months ago.   We are Informed that     time within whitih the.assessment of
neighborhood (Vancouver). peal or amendment of the Sunday-closing ;'" >.iu I ..*r.-t  members of the Board of     real property in the City of Nanaimo
c,,l  RpWcnhaPMi.PMHvinfoi.-iw1   „v.l.i« Crade went to interview Mr. Robins on      shall  lie made, and to lix the time
Col. .Baker subsequent!} infoiynerj  ny-law. tho subject, but as the full board was not |    when the Assessment Roll shall be re-
the member for South Nanaimo thai     A leap year valentine soeiul was given ,,n.sl.|,i, that gentleman expressed ad.-'    turned to the Clerk;
Mr. Carlyle would giye a series of '"'''"^"'V^'^X ,', .tt'KiJg sire for the whole committee top,,, in  lu. u lUnfm t M by tht Municipal
lectures in Nanaimo in .he fall.        jjE-1  ^o b p  sen  '  The" event ^ITsX ffiffi  Ue^one     W "'' ""' '''T'"'1"" "''' ""' <'"'
TheHousewent   into committee ,«„,..., ,„■„,,,„■ .„!,. *£„&& a^^LiX^d^°m-\   ','■' s'""<"""«» M*'
on Dr. Walkem s amendment to the     The   Athletic Club have dooided to Bonal interest in the wharf monopoly.   .**•   Ln,,d sltu»te within the limits of
County   Court   Act.      After   some give an entertainment in the Wellington The matter was further delayed owing  tie corporation p( the city ol Nanaimo
1'eli. to the resignation of 51 r, G. Williams as Klml1  l,e ftlmated lor the purpose ol
sub- assessment ut us actual ''ash value, as it
would lie appraised iu payment of a just
V'OO ot 1      ,   "un    ^\v.i.          .11 ll;,       ^'im ',11 \ u nil i ii i ,i i .ii ii ii., u i   i ii i in    ., , n ,,,,....., , in-    11 i.i ii ei   w uf   I u I I nt'i   iirniirii   nil
slight opposition   the hill  was re- Opera House on Saturday evenitfg, Feb. to the resignation of 51 r, G. Williams
norted   comnlfita withcuit   an-iBiid- •*-'"••   't't'e program will  be similar to president.  Mr. W.K, Lelghton was si
ported   complete   without   amend    . u. uroduced in  the V. M.C.A, sequently elected to till the vacancy.
ments, and, on motion, was read a recently.
The Board of Trade held a meeting on
deli! from a solvent ilel'tor.
third lime and passed, puter Weiglo has appealed against the Tuesday evening, but it was declded'that     -• The Assessor shall make the assess-
Dr. Wakem's amendment I i tin- decision of "lagistraie silmpsuii  iu lu-  nothing be give it fjr publication, un-  ment between the tenth day of February
Homestead Aet   wen.  through   the  posing a total line ul «** continuing less it pass through thesecretary,            and the t hlrlet., ay ofMan i> tneach
t,i d,. I    i. i>li In in I   .,    iiiuimu     I In ■ .-■he, ■   \t ill , lllltl    I.Ill'   A :■ M'r-iillM'l II    Kiill   BMllll    OH
same course, and was read a third '^ in  !,...,..-1"  , ,  IV illL^!.--'.';..*'%•.ho^. Tl"' l'"i;ml "f Tm<l° •■<•••■ •he*r r''K"'"r  reiuiued to the Oily Clerk on ,„■ before
time and passed. brought beiore ilia County Court judge, "".'""'ly meeting on the lllli Inst.            the twenty-seveuth day of April in each
ii,.  tr.r. „,,  .1.   1,1.   tu  ..,„,. .  . rhe resignation or Mr. Gen, Wt lams,   year.
Dr. \Yalkem asked the Attorney- As.a result ol uivic retrenchmenl in mvil,„  t0%\B position   as manager of  ' ••    *-*i •         ,             ,
General when he might expect  tne   Westminster, the city cler easurer, ,,„. &„•,  whi,.|, precluded the posslhil-   .. ?;=„„'!!"   ,'> !'lL"'aL«' "         "9
return from the magistrates of the collector ami chiel i-i the civic offices Its ity of his being drawn into anvthiug  of                   '        '
Small Debts Courts to be  laid be- ''.;'" e,i .n ,,ne,,ih,ei' uhii «nl leeeive troversial nature, was tendered the      Passed  by the Municipal Council on
„„.„ ,i„, n„„ .„                                     i-"'" ith und hire tnsownhelp.and Board,    it,   was  accepted   with  much  the 3rd dav of Februarv, 18PB.
,„     ,                ,         ,              , tne city atturney must be content with regret and Mr, Williams was tendered a      wii,„„.,i t v ,i„. m,„,*..i, „i c „„ ,n   „
w> \it.irm.,' (ro.iov.it ,,,,i Mnlir. viiin-i ,,,,,1111, -.,     1    .-    .1     11       ,    ... -           Aniiiueii i.vine Municipal council on
ine ATioiney-uenerni nniicpij- ii-tuu a liiontn. vote of thanks for the able and elReieut,   ,1,,, 0,11, ,i.,..',,, v .1 .„,.,,.,, ,.,„.
.                             ,.      wii               . 1    >. ..        -          ....      i*  .     1         ... .        I-..       1     1               11     -            iin.ii'iiio,i\oiieiiiiuii!,i.>au.
Ing at once, Dr. Walkem said, if he Nanaimo Spiritualists Association re- manner in which ho had   at  all umes
would not give him  an answer, he quests the public to utieno   a   meeting conducted the business.                               .
f Walkfini wiinldiiH,v..ihi. •niioiii-ii- lM1" >:""" '■'>' BVl!llillS iU s !'• ■•■•1 sharp, W. k. Leighton, the \ Ice-President,    ■,
(.w.ilKnn   woilitmoM tIn ailjouin tn apirituttlists" Hull, Victoria( resceut. was elected President and .1. II.  Pleace,     l~.-
nient of the Mouse and bring on a bhorttalus an questions suggested  by  Vice-President for the   balance of the;	
debate  which   mielit   not   lie  very the audience relutiveto .Spiritualism, by Bseal year.
Pleasant   to  the Government       lie Geo. Campbell President.   All welcome. The' question   of   "transient  traders
hi "
he Attorney-General  said  that :,j,i|,ir, i st.  PaiiPu tsumiay Schooh measures could not be devised to protect
the  honorable  member  for South Tho children have been under the skill- legitimate resident traders from the evil             .,,___,
Nanaimo was hasty. He would say ful tuition ot Mrs. Dr.  Davis, wldch   is { aking Nam,,,,,,,,..dumping  ground   F|M\TL I A  V   TTOTTSF,
the motion nnssprl .ha II,m •,.,,„ ,1,', sufllclenl guarantee that the atlair will lor outside bankrupt stocks.                       L HAx^lllJ 1 i.^    XlUUOLl
themotion passed the House on the rayo eU|1«elltlv SU(.,US8[U|, rhe committee appointed to consder!
oa inst., and on the 4th 32 circulars ,,,,,,     ;    ,                    ,   i   i ;„ the letter from Mr. R. Smith  in bohalfi                         —ox—
weresentout em bodvinu the order ,         '     "          ,    ,1B  "?     ,„io« of the Miners' Union, asking the Board
inn .iiiiiim  euiuouyiug mo oruei nlreiiil' numerous collection ol uomleis
SPRING, 1896.
Just Eeceiyed
New Prints,
New Ginghams,
New Embroideries,
New Factory Cotton,
New Bleached Cotton.
These are direct from the Mills and arc the
latest ideas.
Stevenson & Co.,
Cash Dry Goods,
Furnishers, Etc.
I .1. II. DA VI St IN, Mayor.
Adam Thompson, C*. M, C.
.n*oaie   wiucn   mijiiu   not   oe  very tne audience reiaiiveio opiriLuaiism, uy uaeai year,
pleasant to the Government,    He Ooo. Campbell President.  All welcome.     The question of "transient traders   i\    •         \       r>            i •
aad been served that wav once, but "Rosebud, or the Sleeping Heaniv,"is icense " was . sc.ussed and a committee I ['l*lt\ V||A  J>()iir(l 111 (V
, ,                       ,              ' .   .        ' . - i it- ii-i I,... ,,i i i.' t, .-. ,   in in- ;i iin cii -ii 1 it- ' P '■' IIH( -t I  10 i 0   suit    with    tnG   .\ ; vol    I.   ll  » Ulv    JL/VU i Vli 11 ^*
newouhl not stand a repetition o  ... %. l^lTouse this eieningli sTtdock by ami Aldermen, in order to, see   if  some                                                                 D I
ofihe House; and up^oarte Wallace Street,
plies had  been  received,    lit* (the one   is  a  Bpccia  of   the maiuuth  sea .-     ,     !,      (. Hm-la„   nrasontlnff
A.-G.) would see to it that the mag- A-.emone or plant, and the other is a M,0*%n^kf™,S C,"SIS  "l!TWK,iX Tm -^THODIST CHURCH
istratescompliedwith.be order of S,% sto'f IsT very "gl  "place to ^%^X^£?&X£  ^'"" ' ' ' ^^ BHEWEfiYl
the House,but  i.  would  take at ,„„ supply for a Ll  \. *$*& , ,     , , °      n .
least ten days lo get full returi
hike,man Lodge, Sons ..f St. George, as ihe matter is in ,•nurse  of   litigation:
gave a ilelightful Bmoking   concert in and has also recently been brought be- Thp Mnetfrimnlpff. (Jtnpl-
their  rooms   last Saiurdity evening in hire the Legislature  very prominently,   *-u* umv&i, \juuxyixvs OlUth
Mr  Kennedy's n,     , ■    n re-iaet   ,:'. r ,o{ th! vlsil "' l"'"-   "'" '""'y'   "' " w '' '"" be jutlicloiis nor advisable
mr. ntnne,i\ s molion in h  pect  victoria.   A general invitation wub senl for the Board to take the matter up at
to more Stringent quarantine  regu-  to the Daughters uf St. George,  whore- the present time,
lations  at Albert   Head and  more spondee! Ing I in ,,-.   A very good     Other Important matters were report-
Careful attention   of   the   '•" - ""   brogramine of vocal  and   in,,-,, itttl
lepers on programme ol vocal and  Instrumental <-d on lint are not sufficiently matured to
, ■., i . -   ,  , n.tisic    »as   rendered,   followed   by a be made public,
DAroy island on  the  part   of   the , .umi ,„p,.|y of wirwhrnem., which      [„ conformltv with request contained
Dominion Oovemment was adopted, were greatly eninyed.    111... Bradbury |n ti  letter   from  .lolin   llilhert,  Esq.,
In   answer  to   Mr. Semlin, Hon. was presented with  a handsouie cigar- commissioner at. large   for  the   British I
Mr. Turner said $25,735
received in 1895 onsurveved land.-
ind been  boldei in token of the recognition of his Industrial Exposition, a committee was
service to the lodge. appointed to confer with Mr. llilhert.
, .,... , ,,                                                   Mr. P. Charlton was tendered a  fare- -    - *»•> 	
and.t2,Ut..l.S..iii.n,iii'v»yedliiiKls.iwl.|llii.|ll.til ,,v tt.lv  ,„■  „  , .,.,.,  „„,, SUNDAY   SERVICES.
Ihe select   committee on public dunce, on Tuesday'night, by his friends 	
accounts reported as follow-:              in this city, previous to leaving for San v. >i. o. a.
The committee finds that the returns I Francisco.   Owing to the  short   notice Sunday at-I ),. m,—Ven, Archdeacon
in the city, at
. McGregor s
Victoria Crescent.
submitted by the C, P. R. lessees of the given to the public tin* attendance was Scriven will give the address.   Mr. R.
Shuswnp and Okunagan and the Nakus| I so large as was anticipated,    A very Smith will preside.   At 8:SD, song ser-
and Slocan railways do not futuish  de-  good programme was rendered  and  al vice, in cliarge nf the Y. M. 0. A.
tails of the quantity of freight  or the  tho close Jlr, G. Williams presented Mr, bt. amian's onunoit,
number  of passengers carried  or  the  P. Charlton with the   proceeds  of   ilc     Quinqnegeslma Sunday,   Feb.,   1808. j
rates  charged   for the freight and pus-  evening and expressed the wish of those Holy   Communinn  s a.   in;   Morning
sengers  carried on the suit! railways,  present to hear from the recipient,   Mr, Prayer, Litany and Sermon, 11 a. m,;
in, rare the detailed particulars of  tiie  Charlton feelingly acknowledged the gift Sunday  School   2:ltn  j>.   m.:   Evening
malls or sundries given,   For the qnar-   in a brief Bpeoch, and thanked all those Prayer and Sermon.7 p. in.   Wednesday
ter ending on the 31si  Decernbei, 1885,   who had assisted in a hearty manner. (10th) being Ash Wednesday or the lirst
the amount returned by the C. P. R. Co. "»>•*■ day of Lent, there will be Evening Pray-
wus   (8,686.74.    The   committee   finds PERSONAL. er and address at 7:.W p.  m.   C. E. T.
mat the present rate ot Interest alloweti ,   S, meeting on Thursday "::!() p. m.
on deposit by the Bonk of British Col-     Aid. Merchant, ol Victoria, was in the spirituambm.
uinhi.i is Ii per cent. cilv yesterday, Nanaimo Spiritualists Association will
Mr Helmcken asked the \tt,,n,ev      Mr. ;'"^ Mrs, A. Newman left for the m»t In Spiritualists'hall, Odd-Fellow8' |   •>« olgaranremaaool the ChoicostHavana
lur, iH ti., K   i asKecitneAttomej vesterdan building, Sunday after n, Feb. 18, at Tobaccos.  Otirtoinous
General the following questions:      I'" '-       ' '   ', ''",   !' 8 o'clock. Ladies' Aid meetsfat 2 h. m. n  .       ,„
1. lias the Government sneceeded in ^..5™J.,^.!,„^,,?,,1,.,,!"»i;,i7 T'. rMri,.'..!i;     Circles for lumbers only every Sunday ( lllltlll BlOSSOlll «d
Black Diamond
Arc ,'„!l,'il fur everywhero, and un, superior to
any imported cigar.   Made by Union Labor.
M.J. BOOTH, Wharf Street.
Qtiban Cigar Factory.
Frank Charlton  has accepted  o five-
iweeks' engagement   with' tne Carieton   , ...
bringinga it the conflicting judg-  Opera CouVpanv, and left for San Fran-  '■•l""'-;" 	
ments as to the consututionalily o   ,.;s,.„ ,„, WednL-s av.   He will return tu
the Small Debts Act  beiore   the   mil
Nanaimo al the com lusiun of that term,
Promiscuous circle every Thursday at
;',,l p. u.    All are welcome.
Y. M. t'. A. Entertainment.
The following programme will be rendered at the Y. M. C. At hall to-night:
Songs by Mr. A.  Fox  (in character)
„   *'ljUrt • I unless professional  prospects   make it
2.    i ao, when was the matter argued .'    I ,vortll ,,',. while to remain.
S. « hen will the proposed ameiidment —<,♦.
to the act be submitted to the bouse? I FOOTBALL.
4, Is it the attention of the C.overnment	
at the present session to so amend;    The match between the  Hornets and
thesaidact  as to elimlnalo section   tne   v,n iver   tea „   the   hitter's  and others.
62 and the schedule passed  in pur-  ground last Saturday resulted in defeat- pam   i.
suanee  theieoi? Vng the possibility of the  Hornets from        One Aot Drama—BOX & COX.
Answers land 2.—Not yet. hecomlng the champions for 1800.   It is  Box   Mr. R. Rankin
J. me Government is awaiting full re- to be regrotted that a few of the strong Cox  Mr, E. vV. Freure
turnsfrom the magistrates under the  mon were prevented from going,    It is  .Mrs. Bouncer Miss M.Campbell
Admission ll) cents.
Al the concert   last   Saturday   night
Mrs, Seaton's complimentary entertainment proved to be a very enjoyable  af-
JOS. M. BROWN, Watchmaker.
said  art   before    submitting   any Bafetosav tbut, if a team   wee  chosenl
amendments, and when the ret,,ins |n,pnrtially from  Nam,i  thev could
are   received the liovcrnineiit will win against anv team in the Dominion.
deal with the matter.
Hon. Mr. .Martin moved the sec- An assnclatio i match will heplayed this  hor.   'i'he programme wasone'of Bpee-
ontl reading  ,,f  tl
Lund Hill   and
'ulilic  School
afternoon on  the  Caledonian grounds  iai merit.   Several of .Mrs. Beaton's pn-
ofVa'tch'es Demagnetized si.oru
Hy si'liClAb.M.U'lllNKIiY oa the Premises.
Fine* filiil ,
Trioneer Steam Laundry
and 13. C. Toilet Supply
have opened a Branch Office in the
McAdic Block, Victoria Crescent.
Repairs Neatly done.
Shirts, Collars and Cud's a Specialty.
Parcels delivered  in the city free of
Terms Strictly cash, C. 0. I).
Box 95.
D. M. STEWART, Proprietor.
Brian <>'hy,,„ had ,,,, boots lo wear,
: between the Y. M. C. A.'s; of Victoria, pi|s acquitted themselves with consider-
upported ll   in   n  and the Nanaimo Swif:,s. The last match able credit to both teacher and pupllB. ISohecame to Nanuimn"to biivhtni'a pair
sh/irt speech.    .Mr. Foster followed, i between these two clubs was played at Ven. Archdeacon Scriven, whonrosided, ','J'!1 l",v«.0?S.RaAV1lthloko-'odonojmlrof tliin,
\"i..,,.,.;., ..,,.i ,.,.c.,h...i in -i   .ir,n,.      'Cb,. i -.   -     mil       .i       i   •      ''ill.',,,, in nt wliunelu s,   s„\> Brian 0 Lynn.
-»»«_  , \ letoiia ami ii'Mill'il in a   maw.      I lie deserves credit  lor Idling   the chair  so
home lean,  will  be as follows:—Goal, acceptably,  and also  for his reading,   "      '"     ' "  ' '    " 	
A. Cassiii   full   backs,   ,1.   Hardy,    II. which we're so will   received.    The pro-11 winfWMt
Charlton Pearson has sold out his luisi-
Mei'ill; half baedg,  II.   I.aiser, .1.   Ihn-
i ham, s. Hague; right wing,.I. olds, A.
jicss to his brother, S. Pearson, ,.,   A , ,,     ,        r»i c.,,.    i
.' , ( hull, an ir; loll   wing,  .1.   McUann, ,1.
A. Mewman'soigarand candy business Udanm j  centre,    G.   I',.    Druuimond.
lias been disposed of by A, Davis  under  Keserve .1. Mullaei'ls.
a chattel mortgage. Victoria' Team—Goal,   It. Lorimer:
grain was al! good and well rendered.
Pilot age Returns.
Following  are  the   official returns of
the Nanaimo pilotage authority for the
Messrs. (I. Handle and Albert RandleI backs, II. I,. Holden, VV. Urimer;  half  KSw^v?Ham™ i^ l;",ri
linvei.i.e,,,','   In   thp nlnmliln,   ■  id tin    rtnoki,  P     M-.hwntitmra    !•'    Cull, n     II •      '   the gioM, am,Mint paid to the ! "s„r,' you've boota lor tho million," Bays Brian
na-feopened in in   plumbing and tin-  tmiss, 15,   .-. i.w. n . ,*•,  ,.  i n,.n,    i. B|j. pioW RB the pilots themselves pur-       O'Lynn, tnotnui,.'
smith business nest door to II ans &  Scot I; right wing,,. \i ond,  II.  Booth ;  ,.,,.,,;,. thejr s|(l   s |)n      ,,,    .lml |l,.lvi.!,,,, ,„„„„„ „„„ „,„„„„„ „.„„,„ „r \!^l^m
TAatoisley. left wing,  V* . Vork,  I..  York; centre,  t0 efBclentlv mulntain a sloop and sta-  Ho rlU*- dow" hls money, for wo sell only for
Last week, under this heading, ap- S^W- LmW.    Keserves, G. Snider] tlonflt Entmnee Island, Gulf ^Georgia, llTSn^l^&Zy^Zln^
rTr^.TTT Arli-qaton Hotel
, ,iii,|'lii.ii,,.,l Watches and Clocks    j-t *. v*3 •■   ^A
Carefnlly Cleaned and Repaired
Fine CYCr,OMKTKRS|forBlcyoltjs, in Stock. MR. J. A. THOMPSON
,,,„,,,. . , _.     . „ Saving completed the erection of the Arlington
.ices.,.,, lti,,,i;. , ',„„,„..',.,„l Street, Nanaimo.  Hot(jl Kat Ny[N00SE ,)AY? thta handsome ,„„t
oommodlouB hotel is now prepared to receive
and comfortably entertain travelers nnd others.
In presided over by Mrs. Thompson, nn.l the
Table d'Hote constantly provided with nil the
delicacies of tho season, Combined with the
elegant furniBliod apartments, ib„ visitor ftnda
the surroundings „f the most pleasant desorip*
united the stores all along the main route
'Tin, riu.it one I've mil vol round mil.
lib   I'll boy o,ilv from Inn
For he sells th.
He stepped ,i little
pest," Miy.s Urbl,, ,,'byllll.
est of Albert M,,■■•!•
Bo mov wiiinieM's Blgn -sure'twas h trout;
it,- opened the door ami Uoorge Btood wiUiln—
'* I've found it at last," K,,ys urian O'Lynn.
Weshowed him ouroalf boots, kid „,„l cowhide.
I'l,,. ones we praise inost - no se,,,,,n », it,,. ,.iit
peared the following item:
Messrs. Sloan & Si'oii i-i ill shortly resume poi
Bcusion oi ibe csitiLe now utnler their name.
By some species oi* reasoning peculiar t>
itsel. (be Free Press interprets I bis state
ment in a manner to warrant this reply : j ." fxj^o' u-'i
MeBsrs. Sloan &Soott bn'-f nol us yg| mnde   i^   a,.,*nMBAH
any con, promise with their creditors asreportod
in ii.is morning's Mail.
Comment would he superfluous. Meantime our statement stain,s uncorrected
and uncontradicted.
Following is the team selected to play
at Victoria to-day t   Full-back,  F. Eng-
Nannimo Poultry Society.
The Wellington trophy has been awnrd-
ea to h. T. Peterson ol Gabrlola ish,,„l
for the highest aggregate score with anv
six standard birds, consisting ol one
nude und one female of any three distinct classes, turkeys, waterfowl und
bantams excluded.
and between ttace Bocks and Discovery
island lights.    Pilotage rates charged hi
the Nanaimo district are much lower
lish; three-quarters,  C.   Ilamford, S.  than '•> the other two.districts of British
Webster, II. Medill,  K. Marshall;   half-   Columbia, and we believe are the lowest
ix .1 U Quine* forwards   pilotage rates on the North iraulno coast:
U. Swanson, M. W oodbuin,  .1. Thomp-. , .     _  ,. , PILOTS.
so,,, 0. Handle, M. Duffle, C. Barker, W    J,,,,n ^.^»<h sen. Jas. Peter bendrodt
Edmonds and .1. McKlnnell
Victoria Team—Full batik, 11. Petti-
grew; three-quarter bat'ks, G. Gamble,
.1. Miller, K. Sehoetield, E, \\ igram;
half backs, T. B, Ward, ti. Wan); forwards, A. 11. Crease, W. P. Loveland,
K. Macrae, ,1, H, Austin, .a. I.an^lev,
P. Iliblien. II. Chance, A, Goward.
Reserves, !■'. Wollaston and 1', Smith.
Mr. E, H. iiiiiniinniid, secretary of
the Brltfsh Columbia Footlmll AbsouI-
utlon,   bus received a communication
The following olliccis have been elect. ' from the Bei'fetiiry of the Cowiolmn  ns-
«d: Honorary president, s. M. Robinsjsoulation football club slating that In  I'ntd to pilots,
president', Dr. II. K. McKechnlei vice- consequence of that club's inability to i?.-?£??.1.ieS,?u?1?A,<J	
president, Dr. VV. W. Walkem; Becond   put a team In the Held, they must, be
t/ice president, George Baker; treasurer,  regarded as out of the  league'from this I   (J 0. McKbnshk,
Stanley Craig; sec, W. K. Leighton.       uate. I        Acting Beeretary,
John Sablston, jun. Jus, Christeuson
Daniel Morrison       .las. Edgar Butler
Half pilotage if 1,00 per font
Full pilotage    2 00 per foot
tiulf pilotage    10.00 per day
Special rules for i,,„ll steamers s\id ui'rs.
AMOUNT IlKl'iavnn COB MLOTAOK lilll!H.
Pilotage dues from British ships.   .... f2.lUO.oO
I'll,itage ,1,,,'s friin, fureigu ships , 17,'*."i ,"ii)
Total pilotage lines	
Balance from 18W *   OOlfa   v.
UeoeiptB for isn.i
un. I
SiH.sga 14     1
..   l,;:ti0.70
..    418.88—>atf,aff.ia
"If 11,ore's ii leak In the toe or Bide of your shoe.
JiibI inkeii in Wliiuielil, that's all yon need ,lo;
lie will peg it or patch hist while you arc in,
Anil Mi" etui,''.:,■ seems like nothing,'' says briiu,
WHITFIELD, the Shoe Man,
Victoria Cukscent, Nanaimo.
S. H. WEBB,.
City Auctioneer
-". Commission Merchant
SALESoondnoted in "'elllngtnn, Dillon
mid Adjoining n.sirlcts.
Johnston Block, Nanaimo,
City Market
 . ^
Wholesale and Retail Butchers
P. 0. Box 227
Telephone 7-8
Auk i'nv   .•.      l Champagne Cider
ABR 1UI      .        V SoDA Watbr
Tiiwi'flnf.oa JginqkkAlb
LlilW I eiltt515 ( Sabsaparilla
Mini,,fuelurerolTen,iienmee brinks,Syrups,Ac.
Delivered freo to ,,n parts ,,f olty anavloinlly,
tjgf |>iinn|ii intention iiniit l«, sliii>|ilniiiir.lurs.
Telephone2-4. P.O.Box79.  Nanaimo.
Market, Bastion Street.
Bteiimcrs „„,1 Shipping supplied on short notice
at Wholesale 1'rIcoB.
£L? Scotch Bakery
Hhs not chungorl hnndR**only one <>f tho
imrtuiTH hah totirod; but
Our Celebrated Bread
Is mode by the same hant.B. ami customer* can depend upon Belting tho same
Sweet Bread and
Fresh Cakes
From the present Proprietor,,
—or TUB—
Friday, Feb. 14th, at 8 P.M.
In the Y. M. C. A. ROOMS.
In order that shareholders may
participate in this drawing it will be
necessary to pay up.
J. SHAW, See.
c. c. Mckenzie,
Land Agent and Conveyancer,
Town hots un,. Farms for Bale.  Money to Loan
on Mortgage at low rates.
Agent lor the United .''ire Insurance Company
ol MfiiH'lit'sU'l'. i''.n);l„,„l.


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