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The Nanaimo Mail Mar 14, 1896

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Array tt* prat
NO. 8tt.
Seeds.    Seeds.    Seeds.
—We have just Opened out a Large Stock of—
Prices as Always, Down to the Lowest Notch.
(GROCERIES are still very low in price.    The goods are
the best obtainable.
Potatoes, per sack  65 cents.
Jains, 71b pails  65
Beans, 401bs  1 00
Rolled Oats, 301bs    1 00
California   Table   Fruits,   Pears,    Apricots,
Peaches, quality guaranteed, 5 tins  1 00
Cleaned -Currants, 121bs  1 00
Muscatelle Raisins, choice, 201bs  1 00
Valencia Raisins, extra good, 141bs........ 1 00
Everything else in the same ratio,"and we guarantee quality in
every case.    Send along a trial order and be satisfied.
Goods and Prices and Prices are right.
fa JAMES YOUNG. Victoria Crescent. ^
Mechanics' antl Laborers' Rill
Receives a Sword-thrust.
Return of Papers in tiie Rowc Accident Case—A Number of Private Bills Advanced.
port on ibis bill, Mr. EbertB moved ; made before the passage of the act,
the provisions thereof shall apply
where the trustee or assignee shall
not have made any distribution
among the general creditors.
The House adjourned until Monday next at 2 p. m.
By Mr. Macpherson—Why is it
to insert a schedule of fees such
other companies paid for registration and so forth. This was carried.
The House went into committee
on the Cattle hill. This hill is intended to cheek lhe slcaliiif; of cattle  by providing for  an   accurate
(From Our Own Correspondent.)
Mr. McGregor presented a petition from the Miners' and Mine Laborers' Association of Nanaimo
against the school lands sale hill,
which on motion was ordered to be
received and printed.
Mr. Speaker said he hed been
asked by a certain person whose
name would not be mentioned to be |
accorded the privilege of presenting
a petition at the bur of the House.
This he was not able to accord, as
the proper and only way Was by a
member from his place in the House.
Hon. Mr. Eberts made a return
of the inquisition and all papers in
connection with the death of John
Rowe at Union on Sept. 27 last.
Mr. Mutter was granted an order
of the House for a return of timber
leases granted in Cowichan-Alberni I
district to date.
This hill was read a third time
and passed.
The House went into committee
on this bill, and after some discussion on section 10, which deals with
the sources of the water supply, the
committee rose and reported progress.
Mr. Mutter said he wished to take
tally of lhe brands being kepi of till  that lhe different works on the par-
cattle shipped from  point   lo point
within Ihe province.
The hill was considered section
hy section and reported complete to
the House.
The House (hen adjourned.
liament buildings are not progressing, where the building is advanced
so as lo allow them to begin and
proceed with the work?
Tin-Old Provincial Court House
nnd Jail.
Dr. Walkem  obtained   an   order
for a return showing  the names of
guardians  and administrators   in
the estate of 11. M.Cooper of Xew ' Mr.
Westminster,   deceased,   anil    the
name of  the  judge who appointed
the guardian or trustee.
The Nelson Electric  Light   Co.'s     About two weeks ago the Munici
hill and the Asheroft and Cariboo pal  Council   passed   a   resolution
McGregor, M.P.P., Secures the
Lease at   the Nominal Rent
of $50 per Annum.
Recognized as Belligerents by
the United States.
A Measu/f of International Importance—Relative Strength of the
Navies of the World.
ere Will I Oat
Railway hill were read a third time
and passed,
The House went into committee
on the above bill, and Mr. II,iff,
who opposed the bill, fought its
passage through the House section
by section, but it was of no use, and
after a long discussion the committee rose and reported progress.
This bill was read a second time,
and the House went into committee
on the
LILLOOET AND FBASER RIVER BILL.   | a8 he.'Had tO flf -4 hard   lo   (jet   the
Section 3 was passed, bul section   amount reduced from .*f250per year,
•1  required some amendment, and which'was'tfie original proposition
the committee rose and  reported 0f the Government.    Mayor Davi-
progress. gtm  has received formal  notice of
The House then adjourned. | the action  of tiie Government re-
  j guiding tho matter.
praying Mr. .1. McGregor, M. P. P.,
to use his efforts to induce the Government to lease the old court house
and jail to tbe city or to sell it at a
nominal figure
right in referring this matter to our
city member, as the result has
proven, he having succeeded in obtaining a lease of the property to
■foil per annum.   Mr. McGrecor de
serves great   praise  for   his   able
fforts in accomplishing this object,
Now that both Houses of Congress have passed resolutions according belligerent rights to the
struggling Cuban patriots, it is well
to know what is meant by such
rights, and we feel sure that the
readers of this paper will also desire to know what special advantages belligerent rights concede. On
this point the Chicago Inter-Ocean
says that the resolutions passed by
Congress will have the effect of a
notification to Gen. Weyler, commander of the Spanish forces in
Cuba, that his policy of treating his
opponents as bandits, will be regarded with marked disfavor by
tbe United States. It will have the
further effect of making an open
market in the United States for the
sale of provisions and munition* of
war to the Cubans on precisely the
I lie United States, as a neutral na-
Mr. Kennedy presented a petition I
,  ,   ...   .      asking for certain restrictions on'
exception to a report of the Printing tne ,;' 10). traffio
committee which recommended that     The' t „••„„, oommittee of
returns should not be published in Lhewhol/on   ne     tth ,,.,.  wft8|
the dailv newspapers until passed    ±   , j
in by said committee.    He. would    Jtero80 „9irJfcation in committee, L        ...   „„, „1C „,,. „,„.,„
also l,ke to know who was wpon-|the Llnfl ^^ .^ Water Cour^ United Slates runs very high, and mi8undarBtoo4 hTh    express aZ
bill was reported complete and' the  '? "ft"" '," the °^es soldi,era are' sire for the continuance of friendly
report adopted. , closely protecting the consulates.     lrelations   between  Spain  and the
.      ,   .        .    .. Un motion  to adopt the  report!    A  number of eastern   political  United States, but theyexpress with
theueikot tne Mouse was respon- of foe committee of ihe whole on or^s are endeavoring to form a equal plainness a desire that Cuba
sible tortlie custody ol all papers |thfl Mecnanic8> and Laborers' bill -Republican  parly,  having for its shall he governed bv officers chosen
(Mr. Helmcken), Mr, Sword moved object the independence of Canada, by the Cubans. And they also ex-
the six months'hoist,  which   was      Genera1 Booth stales that lhe ae- press the intent of the United States
tion, can sell arms and food to
either of the belligerent forces,
though it cannot permit the fitting
out of armed expeditions in favor
it needs from  the United  States,
and to run the risk of its purchases
being captured by the enemy as
soon as they are afloat beyond the
three-mile  limit.   The articles of
war of all civilized nations are in
agreement as to the treatment of
prisoners; in no case is the death or
cruel treatment of a prisoner of war
justified.   If  Spain   insists   upon
shooting the captured Cubans as
though   they   were   bandits   after
Agencies are being opened in all|their  belligerenit status has been
parts of the United Stales for the! wogmiedI by  the   United   States
purpose of recruiting volunteers to BUoh .bi}rbar'ty may hasten that
fight for Cuban liberty. ar.m?d  interference at which the
V,    f   ,.     .   j,    . •    , ,1     ]"*nt resolution hints.   The resolu-
}.hVJ^hnp '.:'. Sp:."U„„a?a"?St ih5 tions before Congress are not easily
jsible  for  the  safe keeping of  the
: papers.
J      Mr. Speaker said that, by rule 98,
before the House,
Mr. Mutter said he would like to
further   ask  whether  these docu-
! men ts were accessible to everyone.
.Mr. Speaker said they were open
to the inspection  of members and
I were subject to such further orders
j by the Speaker as he might direct.
Mr. Walkem, as chairman of the
Gash Boat and Shoe Store,
No. 19 Commercial Street.
Strictly Cash.
Printing committee, said that un
adopted on the following division:
For—Messrs. Brydon, Cotton, ■ Iro-
limn, IIiiii.c, Kelly, Kcinic.lv, Ki.lil,
Kitchen, Macpherson, Mutter, .Semlin,
Stoddart, Sword, Walkem, Williams, 10.
Against—Messrs. Adams, Baker,
Booth, Braden, Eberts, lldim-kcn, Hunter, Metiregor, Pooley, Kitliet, Rogers,
Smith ami turner, IS
fortunately the relative positions of;    •]•■„, wide-tire bill for the preser-
tion of Ballington Booth will make to intervene whenever the legiti-
no material difference to the Salva- mate interests of Americans make
tion Army, and that the good work intervention desirable. The latter
will not he impeded. t clause plainly implies an assertion
Cecil Rhodes, ex-premier of Cape of the right to intervene if ever the
Colony, has been arrested on a barbarity of a reign of terror be in-
charge of complicity in the import-1stituted by Gen. Weyler.
alion of arms into  the
[a member with a speaker were such
! as to preclude him from making
some remarks which probably Mr.
Speaker would not care to hear.
He could easily see from whence
this matter sprung, and he would
merely observe that it had been
very well handled.   When any doc-
vation of the Cariboo trunk road
was considered in committee and reported complete with amendments.
Hon. Mr. Martin presented lhe
report on Crown land surveys for
the year h*>;l5.
Mr. Williams resumed the debate
on his motion to petition ihe Do-
umentswere entrusted to him as minion government asking that the
chairman of the Printing committee judge to be appointed totheSupreme
court be required to reside in Vancouver or in the immediate vicinitv
no person (except a member of Ihe
House) should nave access to them
country, for use against the authorities of the republic.
The New York Herald has a cable
from St. Petersburg which says that
two hundred fishermen, belonging
to Iteval, with their horses and
carls, have been blown out to sett
on a piece of floating ice. They had
only one day's provisions with them
and are now missing five days.
Two railroad companies, through
a syndicate, have obtained options
Piling Up the Navies.
The various civilized nations of
the world continue adding new
ships to their navies as though they
expected to really use them, which
is not likely. Improvements and
changes are made so rapidly that
ti vessel of most approved pattern
becomes old-fashioned in five years.
The Indianian says; England's
navy is certainly six times as powerful as that of the United States,
vet last year she added to it three
before the Printing coinmittee had thereof. The motion was agreed to.
decided upon the necessity of print- , The Royal Cariboo Hospital bill
•ng them. | wa8 ,.(,.ui a ge0ond time.
After some further discussion the     in ri,,,iv to Captain Irving, Hon.
matter dropped. I *,|r. Turner slated in relation to the
The House went into committee Bella Coola colony that, on condi- terested in the deal, which threatens those of anv other two nations put
on the Lillooet, Fraser River and tion of 80 or more settlers agreeing the valuableinterests of the Chicago together, even of France and Rus-
Cariboo  Gold   Fields  Go. bill, Mr.
on 10,100 acre? of coal lands in the first-class battleships, besides small-
Grape Creek district, overlying rich er vessels. She has has now under
veins, containing 75,000,000 tons of construction 10 first-class battle-
bituminous coal. George Gould and ships and 21 cruisers. England's
the Wabash road are said to be in- navy could undoubtedly knock out
Walkem in the chair. At a few
minutes to G the committee rose
and reported progress. The House
then adjourned.
Mr. Speaker decided that this
bill should have a careful revision
to bring it within the orders of the
House, and   a   meeting with  the
tion ol JJU or more settlers agreeing
lo form a colony, 160 acres were to
be granted each on the following
conditions: A lease for live years
rent free, with continued resilience;
at the end of live years a crown
grant free if improvements to the
extent of live dollars an acre had
been made. The government agreed
to build a road through Ibe settlement; also to construct a wharf, if |
the settlers contributed half lhe
cost; to lay out the townsite near
and Eastern Illinois road in coal sia. Prance has the second most
freightage from thai distriol to powerful navy after Great Britain,
Chicago,   The^ostensible promoter while Russia comes third, yet the
two together arc not equal to Eng-
of the deal is T. A. BroUghton. vice-
presilient of lhe Crescent Coal  and
Mining Company and manager of
the syndicate, The deal involves
tiie building of a new railroad lo
the coal fields.    New York Press.
Lord Dunraven presided al a
meeting of^tlie Yacht Racing Association o'lr Thursday,    Before the
Speaker was arranged to take place the wharf,'to superintend the build-  meeting was  called' to order,   the
ing of the road, to arrange the hold- question of the advisability of mak-
at 11 a. m. on Wednesday
nigs oi the settlers, and to report
valley for future settlement.
On  motion   of   Mr. Macpherson,
the bill "to inieiul the act to incor-
ither socie-
t imo.   The
in).' a reply to the X. Y. Y. C. regarding the expulsion of Lord Dun-
raven was informally discussed, and
The House went into committee 'upon the capabilities of Bella Coola
on the above bill, and all went well
until section 84 was reached, when
it was proposed  to insert a clause
giving   the city of  Rossland  the l""-"'*-' benevolent and
power to buy out the water rights of tics" "its read a seconi
the company on a basis of construe- object is to extend to these soeieties
tion value, its money-making power the privileges enjoyed by other cor-
not being taken into account; and porations of changing their   name   Mr ,I.  V. Oddie, secretary of the
after a lengthy discussion the coin-  when so desired,
mittce rose and reported progress.1    The Alberni Water ant
SHERim ACT. U'"'k' l,m "■'     '■'"'  : ',!'
Mr. Eberts introduced a bill to
amend the Sheriffs Act, and it was
read a first time.
land. Hut Russia and France are
working with great vigor and hustle
to Increase their water fighting
power They are only less active
than England. The United States
spends only tl5,000,0Q0 a year on
its navy, exclusive of building new
shins, while England spends $55,-
(100,000. If we spent as much
money ;ts England does every year
on new ships, it would take- us five
years tocatch up m where she is now.
The I'nited Stales is only a little
I was decided il  would not he in   naval power, being the  fifth.    Up
good taste to do. so. The matter
then dropped. The meeting devoted its time to tho discussion of the
new ruling rules. Lord Dunraven
yesterday mailed the following to
mil lee,  which   rose
in corn-
N. Y. Y.C.
receipt   of
beg to acknowledge
certified copy of the
to 1890 she was the sixth, but since
then she has passed Germany. What
we are doing in tho way of additions, compared lo the nations of
the old world, may be judged from
the fact thnt we have now under
construction only five battleships,
one cruiser ami a number of small-
On motion of Mr. Helmcken, the
preamble and resolutions passed at er fry gunboats and torpedo boats,
an adjourned meeting of the X. Y. From being the eighth power on
Y.C. on February 27.   My opinion the seas in INK), China got knocked
as to the desirability of continuing down by the war with Japan into
bill to amend the Wages Act, 1894,1 a member of the X'. Y. Y. C. was the nineteenth place.   She has lit-
was'read a second lime.   This pro- expressed in ray letter of resignation erally nothing left in the way of a
On the motion to adopt the re- vides that, in cases of assignments of the in.   Signed, Dunraven."      [navy, PHOTOGRAPHING
A Machine Thai Itcnlly Sltur*—>'»t ,il-'" :»
Phonograph, hni li Lteproritici-a Un* Human Volcent lulUgliest IVi'feci Ion,
Remarkable experiments nre being carried on ut Columbia Colloge by Profs.
ilalleok ami Muekoy with regard to the
tones oi the human voice. The object of
the professors Is primarily to discover a
standard for tho human volco by which all
voices can be judged, Thoy purpose to
construct a machine which will produoe
the notes in three ootnves, just like »
human voice. Tho only difference will
be that the notes from the mnohluo will
be pure notes and Infinitely more beautiful than any human  being can produce.
By means of these perfect or ueurlv
perfect tones a standard can bo fixed
which will represent tho human voice in
its highest perfect inn. Incidm: tally, tho
way for a singer to gel the best effect
with tiie least exertion will be found, besides much "other valuable data. In order
to tio this.photograpbs havo been taken of
the vocal cords in n man's throat while
ho is sinking. This was done by moans of
a laryngoscopy gloss, Tho result gave
tho position of tho cords Cor each different
Musical notes are produced hy tlm
vibration of tho vocal curds, ana their
pitch is controlled by the length* tension
and thickness of the cords. Tho experiments already show that the training of
the arytenoid cartilage whioh controls the
thickness of tho cords plays an important
part in voice production. Most singers
depend entirely upon the alteration nf
the length and extension of tho cords for
singing different notes. The valuable aid
of tiie arytenoid cartilage is not called hi,
and consequently much greater exertion
is required.
Undoubtedly the most interesting experiment, however, is the photographing
of tho voice itself. Tho difference between the tones nf a good and bad voi-;o
when photographed are shown in tho cuts.
Tho lines represent the vibration of a
Same when a note is sounded closo against
ir. A new complicated piece of mechanism, known as tho "monometrlc flnmo
machine." is used t ■ obtain these result.-1.
Kvory note sounded hy the human void
contains ;* number of overtones in addition to tho note- it soli'. When tho note
'.'A" is sungthore ire sounded Inqddltio i
so the fundamental or actual** A" itself the
"AV of two or three octaves higher, as
well ;is of several intermediate tones. W ■
only hear the note as one sound, but
the monometric tlaino detects eighi or
nine others and divides the notes up, as
shown In the cuts. Tne upper tones
give brilliancy and lhe fundamental
tor.es !*i.o voltime and strength.
Now if some of our finest singnrs i in
be induced to have their voices photographed in this way the arrangement und
number of tones in a single note, which
will Ito as perfect as possible, will bo discovered. There is no dUHculty in producing these different tones separately by
means of tuning forks. If thoy were all
sounded at the same time and in tlte
proper degree of loudness the exact
counterpart of a human voice would bo
produced by mechanical means. This
has never yet been done, for (ho metallic,
far-away tones of the phonograph cannot
be compared to a real human voice.
Prof. Koonig, of Paris, has long beon
trying to do this, but without success.
The greal trouble is that the tuning forks
cannot all be sounded at once,and of the
correct loudness, The note that wa hear
is, of course, the loudest, and Is represented in the photograph by tho lowest
and thickest line. All tho overtoil's
gradually taper off in strength until oven
tho sensitive resonators in tho monouietrlo
machine cannot detect, them.
The man whose voice Is to be photographed sings a single note steadily into
a large sounding board. From the sounding board tho note is conveyed to a row
of resonators, eight in number, Whioh are
of various pitches, corresponding to th*
different overtones of tho voice.    In front
the experiments we successful and ihe
projected machine can bo constructed it.
will even be possible for a man to sir.
down in his own drawing-room and play
on a piano, tho notes of which will not
give forth the musical sounds ot wires
struck by felt ami wood hammers, but
tho glorious melody of a human voice.
There will bo no need to go to tho opera
to hoar a famous prima donna, because
the instrument will sing much better
than any human being can. Tho best
points can he taken from a number of
the flnost singers and the issults formed
Into a scale of notes which will be almost
opera will then mean a stngeful of
voiceless Tristan--, and Tannhnusers who
go through the motions while the singing
Is done by machine behind the scenes.
The < oiuitrl Slug*, i- Open to TliRiii--Nutu-
1*1111.1   the I It*.si   Jiisintrt. »r.H.
Maud Powell contributes an article upon ••Women and the Violin," tn February
Ladies' Home Journal, in which she prue-
; Ically discusses the si tub' of the queen of
musical lust rumenu, and tells, in comprehensive detail how to undertake and successfully pursue the work, especially urging tho viuliu to the attention uf women
who seek a musical career. iJcinga performer of conspicuous ability aud prominence, Miss Powells article presents, probably, a summary of her own personal experience, ami is,therefore,of special value
After defoudiug the claim that women
have shown that they cau master the violin she asserts thai they "are daily becoming more serious in their motives, more
earnest in making their -I tidies something
to outlast their girlhood. It is to be expected thai the near future will see women availing themselves more aud more
of tiie opportunities which are before them
«- violinists. Tho coucorl stage is as open
to them as to women singers, The Hold
of i:i-; ruction is un! urally theirs, as they
are usually more sympathetic and conscientious than men, and they possess, moreover, an Intuition material! in its nature,
.in the treatment of young mind- and in
the imparting to them tiie rudiments ol
any art or science. Theirart opens, thus,
various professional ddors. Por those
women to whom ii is merely :i delightful
accomplishment their art may be of as
perfect proportions and development us i-
their love for it."
Idols In the Field Museum.
Kunntng after strange gods is some*
times denounced as oue of tho uvil tendencies ot the age. and perhaps particularly
of American. Por those in whom
this baleful erraticisni is unduly develop*
ed a visit to the Field Columbian Museum
is recommended. If anything can curs
them of their dlseaso it is tha sight of the
strange gods of which the musoum lias
a pretty complete collection on exhibition.
There aro -.torn* idols from the ruined
temples of Mexico, and others from tho-*..
of .lava. There are clay and broirxs
figures of all tho defces of the F.gypttan
theology, which have been found in
Egyptian  tombs,     [sis   and   Osiris   are
m HwMb
■J Mr,*;'] ,.*A>to
rertsu won
Ji/v OciC ft 'OOlI F*0*t
ir a imi
of each resonator Is a little jet of ibimu.
When the voice tones strike on tlm resonators the air inside them is vibrated and
agitates the little Maine which Is in front
of each resonator nozzle,
Tha flames are reflected Into a many-
sided reflector, which is rapidly revolved
while tiio note is being sounded by the
man who is sitting for his volco photograph. Tho lens of a camera Is placed
close against the reflector and a rapid
plate exposed for a second or moro When
developed tiie result shows the vibration
of the man's voice, and consequently its
quality. As a rule the bettor the voice the
more overtones there aro in it and to record a voice like -lean tie Reszke's would
require a dozen or moro flames.
In order to reproduce tho human voice
Prof. Hfllleok will use organ pipes. They
will be very small and inclosed iu bo-cos,
so that no more sound can got out than
Is needed to produce the complex tone.  II
thero. and Ptah and Noptnys, and the
sacred cat, and several other sacred animals, Then there are Idols of wood and
Idols of feathers, and Idols of clay, which
are worshipped by the primitive tribes of
Africa and the South Sea Islands, There
aro the gods of Buddhism and of Hrah-
minism variously represented,
hi room four thero Is a collection of
dnlties tiiat are Indeed fearfully and
wonderfully made, Aeross ono end of
tiie room is n ease marked "Idols of the
South Sea Islands " Any citizen "f this
enlightened laud, however, who displayed
a mad desire to run after these strange
gods would be adjudged as fnr outside
the pale of human sympathies, Their
unrivaled hldoousness is boyond expression.
Prominently displayed in the enter ot
t.his caso of gods is i\ funeral manikin.
An explanatory placard states that ln ihe
Island of Mnlltcolo.Now Hebrides, after a
chief has been buried for souVj time it U
customary to exhume his skeleton. The
head is detached therefrom and mounted
on n manikin made of straw and Dane,
Tills '.-> covered with clay md painted
red and black aud blue in imitation <>f
the skin and tattoo marks of the deceased, The figure is phmed In a special
hut, known ns tha "chief's hut." If has
two or more heads, according tin the chief
tins lost me op more sons.
Grouped all around this figure tire the
gods which, ill lit", the chief worshiped,
In defense of which, porchunco, he died.
Hanging overhead are some idols that,
ut first glance, resemble moro than anything else, great boas ot uutk's plumes,
su h as in these ellmes my lady twists
around lor dainty throat. To-be sure to
use one of these gods nso boa my lady
must needs be a giantess, for they are
Home twelve or fifteen in he- thick,
Closer Study, moreover, reveals that tho
long-drnwmoiu dusters are surmounted
by grotesque black faoHs carved ont of
wood and crowned With ropes of black
wool by way of hair. In some others
ropes pendant from their < hlns represent
their beards, On the manikin's left is a
hideous black figure, intended for a goddess, making it evident that, even among
tho primitive tribes, women aro sometimes worshiped. On the left is a divinity from New Caledonia, It appears*to
he a place of a tiej trunk, about five fee;
high. The tippet nnd is carved into a
rude semblance of humanity, with overhanging brow, bulging eyes and a nose
which Spreads all over the face. Only tho
face is represented, the lower portion of
the trunk being decorated with a geometric design, Scattered around at the
manikin's feet are some hideous masks,
painted iu bright reds and bluos. and
framed in long strings of tow, by way of
hair and beard, These, too. are Idols, as
is an awful red clay head, mounted on a
stick, This lias a huge, knoldjy. misshapen nose, a great, grinning mouth,
white eyes, and a pointed straw headdress.
The greatest of all Lhe gods 1 a thl /case,
| In the matter of sl/.a and ugliness, and
hence, probably, of power, are the sun
and moon gods of tho New Hebrides.
Kaoh is carved from the trunk of a tree,
and they bear a strong family resemblance
to one .-mother. Kach consists o\' two
grotesquely hideous heads, one above the
other, with hands close under their chins.
The upper head in each case has a think
thatch and fringe of blaok wool, by way
of hair, and the lower one ti fringe of
light colored jute. They have been painted lirst red and blue, and then finished
off with a coat of white paint. Kach one
of tho four mouths is grinning broadly
with a smile.    They unfailingly suggest:
Mohamet Kl Backsheesh Begin,
Who was named for the length of Ids grin,
Por a smile that he'd smile
At a jnko on the Mlo
Would extend to a joke in Pekln.
Hut this is frivolity, ami these gods are
pot ai all frivolous. Par from ir.' They
are terrible in their grotesque, grinning
hideoiisness, Two differences nre notice-
able between thom. Drooping from The
hands beneath tho lower of the two heads
of tho sun coil is a carved lizard, which
clings, head downward, to tho trunk.
Tho moon god has no lizard* in the
moon god, too. the eyes aro set in circles,
instead of In the slanting ecllp-os that
surround the sun god's visual orbs. Tiie
eyes themselves are bits of green and
white shell, which have a ghastly resemblance to the real article.
Tn the next room Is a dear little Japanese Buddha, carved out of rosowood,
holding an ivory skull. 'There Is something venerable and scholarly about the
figure that Is attractive, and tbe -eoker
after strange gods concludes that Itud*
dha is the ono to be preferred. But
presently, when he comes to tho Chinese
representations of the ''laughing Buddha"
and the "sleeping Buddha." he changes
his mind. .Inst why tins fat. lolling
llgliro should he so loathsome Is hard to
say. but so repulsive is it that one would
infinitely prefer to worship the moon*
god of the New Caledonians to the Buddha of the Chinese.
If the seeker after strange gad- Is still
unsatisfied he cannot do better than to
seek the Gunning collection in an alcove
to the loft of the north a-one enters.
Here ho will he able to make a comparative sill vey of tho religions of tho world.
To begin with a beautiful ivory crucifix;
and Tiie vestments worn hy tho dignitatis ol a cortaiu Chirstlan sect, and goes
straight through the list. Here are representations of the gods of Buddhism
and Brahamlnlsm, (some of them,
strange to jsay, wnnrlng halos after tiie
fashion of f christian saints), with a!l
their sects ;*id denominations. Hero, ton
nre tho idojf worahipo.1 by all sorts and
conditions'If savages.
J   » Smnrj  Purrol.
'1 -.ere wm an old facto! um hi our family who.used to sew for tis and who occasionally spent several weeks at a time ut
the house She was somewhat of a character, had been married three times, and
to distinguish her second dear departed,
wns in the habll of calling him "my middle husband." ' dd maids she did uot naturally approve ■■!", remarking that they
were the only things not prayed for in the
litany. The old woman was very deaf,
and much shouting was neeil.nl to make
her hear. Ono day many vain efforts were
made to induce tier tu ilu a particular
piece ol work En a particular way, but she
could not or would no! see whai was
wanted, aud.it last, In despair, the lady
of tho house remarked to the nurse: ••oh,
nevermind: when she's gone i; must be
■iliiuv I."   "Ah." remarked the parrot, lu
ti loud, ele r: Voll ■   "ill 'I":''- 110 fool Live All
old fool."
Tho pnrrol had in one morning been
given a bath or. In other words, the gnr-
iteu watering can had been turned upon
him—and he was placed lu from of the
tire to dry, There were : wo small kittens
.'. ho also i Hi ed the warmth of the fire ami
who were fitting mo ou pach *lde of the
cage. The bird walked first i . one side,
and, looking down oul of the corner of
his eye. Inquired, "Are y iu u r md boy"
Then ho-sidled ncrotH t i the  other end of
his perch an.I  mild   ;<   tl ther   kitten,
"Aud are you i good '■■ -y  "
( me il r, i '.-..I . tiflil ■ 'ii of am family visited the house, nnd when nl me n mused
themselves hy in ■■ III vottsl) pulling up
-..oi" I ullp* wlili Ii grew In n pot In the
room, by ihe roots, uf I *r wards carefully
replacing them. A little Inter Molly's
master, to whom i lie plan) - heron jod
came inl ■ ie p -om ind Immedlal •■ j ex-
clulmed: "■ )h, lo >k al my ■ iillpn; r •-• hou
they nre growing.'' folly at once ul tered
l ivo wor Is, [in 1 oulj I w o '1 h"> were;
"Vou a--:" I need liardl - i I lint name
time elnp-ed before the owuei of the tu
HpM Whs mad • ti ((tin ■.: »d with all Ihe
particulars at a*hni had happened,
(JhnuibeiV .lourii il
An7tifu.nl '•"''■'''''■ I'wiH'iou* Prank,
Juvenile Htiverelgus can he very trying
to their e| lers- N -thins of i heir own Importance are up! to crop up very rapidly
in their young lieudu WUhelmlnn L, of
Holland, .- nu! nn exception Sh * had
held her queenly title sen rcely six in out lis
when one morning, nt nu unconscionably
early hour, she left her room and knocked
at the door of the Queen Kegeiit's chamber.
"Who Is there?" nuked her mother.
•■The Queen of the Netherlands,1* was
the grandiloquent reply.
"Oh!" said the Queen Regent, "I nui
afraid It in loo early to receive i he Queen
of the N'etherlniids.bul If my little dnugli-
ter Wllhelmliin 1 • there she may come In.'1
—Arthur  Wurren  In   February  l.adieV
Homo Journal.
Hard to mi.
Reggy—Lawsl night on tho way home
from the club Q great Idea struck me	
Wiltson—Good lionvens I you don't say
so.    I thought you showed symptoms of
1 being saudbagged.
A I'm lift ii- f'ii-iiirt- uf poverty  in   :v   City
lfit.ll nt' (hi 1st tun I'eopif.
Down in ono of the narrow and forbidding streets near the bay and not far
from Jarvis street, as I prowled around
one night, I saw a gaunt and ragged
woman .standing in front of a pawnshop
with a parcel in her hand. It was no new
sight, uxcopt that the parcel was smaller
than people usually carry to such plaoes,
and that tlte woman seemed reluctant to
enter the dingy shop which had beon
visited by thousands of her station In its
time. She advanced and retreated several times, but at last, wiping the tears
from her eyes,and clearing her throat, she
opened the door and hud tiio parcel on
the counter. Looking through the window I saw what* followed. The num removed tho paper and held up a pair of
shoes—a child's shoos, They were worn
and dilapidated, but even a bono from
tho ash barrel has its price these times in
Toronto. Tho pawnbroker threw down
a coin on tho counter. She pleaded with
him. but he. like all his brethren, was
obdurate. Sho sobbed, and he shrugged
his shouldA's, She wrapped up the -hoes
and ho laughed. She started for the door,
hut poverty forced her to turn back ami
pick up tho coin and leave tho shoos.
"You found no pity in there:" I queried
as 1 followed iter half a blook, and
then walked beside her,
"They wore mine. Vou can't arrest
me!" she replied, as she drew away from
"But I am not an o 111 cor. ma'am.
You pawned n pair of shoes back there—
shoes belonging to ono of your children.
Things must be going bad with you."
"What—what  is  it to you;'r  sho hosi-
i tatlngly asked.
"What  is It—husband ill iu bod?"
"Would   you come and  see  for  vour-
; self?"
"Yes—lead d-h."
Two blooks down and up three flights
of stairs. The lower hall lighted—the
two upper In darkness, There was the
odor of garlic, the gloom of tho tenement
—the signs of poverty on every hand.
Now and then wo encountered a than
stumbling his way downstairs and muttering to himself. Hero and there we passed
a child lying sleeping in me hall near
some half open door. Third door—half
way down the dirty narrow hall—into a
room handy larger than the stall given
up to a farmer's cow. A small, cheap
coal oil lamp gave light, enough for one to
soe tho poverty and despair. A man
lying on an old mattress on tha door—a
girl six years old asleep across his feet—
a table, two or three nlu chairs, an old
stove—that  was poverty's home.
'Vou see," said the woman, as she
stood in the middle of the room and waved her hand.
"This is your husband:"
'And that Is your daughtei : It was
her shoes you pawned?"
"Yes—Nellie's shoes. 1 had to doit.
There was nothing else to pawn, v.vqu
if Charles was able to get up to-morrow
ho would have no coat to put on,"
■'Is it an officer, Carrie?" asked the
man who had been lookin.. At mo In a
troubled way.
No," I answered, "I happened along as
your wife entered tho pawn shop with
the shoes,    You soeni to have had a  hard
time of it?"
'1-iod alone knows how hard it-M been
lor us." he repbed. "I got hurt, three
months ago—here In my side—and I've
been lying right hero for twolve long
"What do the doctors say?"
■' I have had no doctor for the last
seven weeks, sir, and the one I bad at
first did not seom to know much about
the case."
'And being out of work, you've had
to part with your things to pay tho rent
and buy food and fuel:"
"Sim took the shoos out to-night tu get
money to buy bread—what's loft to us
would hardly bring a dollar. "
"Did you buy my shoes;" queried too
g/lrl, who had awakened at tiie sound of
my voice and sat staling at me.
"Keep -iiilet," ohldod tiie mother.
'•[ can't go out doors any more," said
the girl, "but I don't care. We have to
havo bread.    Ma. where is the broad':"
"HurIi, child "
"Hasn't help been extended you from
-(imo of tho charitable societies. Surely
with so many societies in the city, some
have helped you."
'Not a dollar, sir," he answered, "I
have sent word to -onto of them, but no
one has called yet. The wife has worked
now and then a day, though her health is
\Qi-y poor, and tho child there has begged
coppers ou rhe Street, Think of tho
shame of it!"
■'As a workman you earned good
wages, I suppose?"
"Right along, sir, and We had the oust
rooms and tho beat furniture in this
bouse. [ hadn't lost but very few days
In the last year when this accident hap
peueil. Itonk at us now—at the poverty
and rags and when the ten cants for
Nellie's shoos is gone tha rest of my
clothes must ho sold. God, sir. but lb
makes mo so desperate that if I had the
strength t i get out of bod I'd fool like
wiping us all out together.''
"Do you drink intoxicating liquors?"
I asked.
■Atas. yes," he replied. ' when at work
I thought I must have my whisky every
day. nnd m my times most of my week'--,
WAffOS Wore -.pent before I got home to
■ What have you done for the drink
while you hnvu been lying hero?"
'i'he lirsi few days, sir, 1 was burning
up with the fever ami would have sold
my soul for a drink. But the doctor said
1 must UOt have it. and Carrie, my dear
wife, prayed me to stop the drink. Now,
ti-v, I promised her 1 would never touch
tt again, and as Uod is my witness, t
u,\vm' will. If we had the money I have
spent lu drink wo would not have to
pawn Nellie s shoes for bread."
"Will vou a1' With me " I asked oi the
little girl.
■'Ye-, sir."
"Then come, Uood night to you.
Nellie will be book In half an hour."
Sho took hold of my hand and we
Walked  down   stairs   and   out,   into the
street,     Near the corner was a shoe store
When the child had baon fitted with n
pair of shoos wo ontor-d a place a few
doors olT aud bought her a hat and shawl
Which had beon sold by somebody else ln
tho grip of poverty. Then to the grocer's
und thu hutoher's, and as i returned with
hor to thi door of the tenement and hand
ed her over the basket, I said:
"Good night. Nellie,"
Sho had hnen as one d.i/od, looking at
me in a pu//,led way, but saying never a
word, and whon 1 bade her good muM
she placed her grimy little baud In initio
for a few second* ami then sat- down beside tho basket and bunt ov,:r ll and
gob bod.
So I left her.    By and by   when   si r
had toiled up tho dark stairs with hor
burden, there must have been rejoicing
in that abode of poverty and despair, but
I was not there to ace and hear.
Btit my heart rejoiced also to think
I had beon able to give comfort, to them.
Truly it hi ■more blessed to give thau to
sniiitr, cake.
■•.Madam,you don't, know how to make
cakot" oxclalmod air, Smith, throwing
a lump of half-uooked dough across tho
room nt a oat. "You never know how
to make cake. Ml' rather oar. wot sawdust. Vou ought to have seen the cake
my mother made—that was cake!"
"Your mother again—always your
mother," retorted Mrs, Smith." "Pity
she didn't  loach you BOIliethlng!!"
'"What do you mean, madamy I'll
warrant 1'li make better oake myself
than you any day."
"Why don'* you try. You'll find
everything In the kitchen."
"Wei;, i can."
"Well, why don't you? V m are all
talk. "
Smith found himself cornered, and
felt very uncomfortable,as he bad either
to surrender unconditionally or to make
good his boast. Ho had never made a
cake iti [a [[to, bad no idea bow cakes
were compounded, but thought ho knew
what    was   In   thom.
"I'll   make   the cake." ho said.
"Well, come into the kitchen and
make it." proposed his wile.
"What, now?"
" Yes. now. I'll got the things for
Smith took off his coat, his collar and
necktie and rolled up bis shirt .sleeves.
They walk.",; to the kitchon together,
and Smith snld :
"What shall 1 mix it up In?"
"Oh, you're doing .it!" Mrs Smith
"Ah, this will do!" he said, taking
up a bowl, "Now bring mo some water;
now some raisin- and currants, sugar
and ginger and allspice, Thcru that
will do! ' Ho put them all into a bowl
and mixed them   with a spoon.    "Thoy
n't -vm to stlok together," he said
"Looks more liko a thick soup than anything else. Fancy I've got too much
water." Smith drained on" some of tho
waier. aud was about to put tho ;ake
into the pan when his wife said .
"Didn't your mother use dour:"
"Oh, yes—yes—ah,yes,Hour,of course'"
Then he mixed in Uour until it was sn
stiff that he could hardly knead it.
"Now," said bo, "I'll take this cake
around to the baker's and bttVO it baked
properly." Ho started off, and, whon ho
reached th.- baker's bo said:
"Will you ju-t throw this ituflf away,
and put In its place one of your base
Thnt night at supper Mrs. Smith had
her mother and sister with hor, Sh ) had
told them of the cake, and they wore expecting groat fun at- Smith's expense,
Tne cako did not come until btipper-tlme
Smith tools It from tho boy and said
"This i^, my cako—something lik > a
cake!" Ho carried in the oako and
pi ft cod it on the table.
"Hero's a note in the paper," said
Mrs. Smith.    "I'll read it:
"Dear Sir,—3 am sorry we are all out
of plum-cake; so I sond you a pound-
cake instead.
" Vburs obediently,
S   (iliOWN, Daker."
1ml: tn Newspaper*.
Little  or   no   capital   is  required   to
start a newspaper In tho Orient.   A fow
rupees will purchase the necessary lithographic apparatus, and the services of
a -mall establishment, comprising o
writer, a "opyi.it, and a pressman, complete tho arrangements. Almost without exception vernacular newspapers are
lithographed,movable type boing for the
most parti uu-uitod for tho presentation
of Oriental characters. A lithographic
press will cost under |7."i complete. The
editor, iu whoso name tho paper I.s usually registered, may by a smart lad
fresh from school ou a monthly salary
of $:>, and there aro f.-w editors who
would not gladly abandon journalism for
a Government post worth -$i.'»ii a year
News U mostly obtain.id by the simple
and uncostly process of translation from
the Kngliah daily papers, the latest story
from the bazar being thrown in occasionally by way of sensation. A native
paper rarely sell-, more than a fow bunded copies, and the working expenses lor
a circulation of 1100 need uot be more
than £.'■) a month, everything included,
from primer's ink to the editors salary.
The price of tt single copy of the paper
range-- from a farthing to a penny, or
thereabout. Wealthy subscribers are expected to pny a higher tale for tho pa-
per than th • poor. Strange devices ara
adopted in order to obtain an addition-
al Income in tho shape of subsidies and
grants in aid. As likely as not tho pa
per !■> the mouthpieco of a society or of
some private patron with a cause to
agita'.e or an enemy to do fame By
many editors blackmail is levied without scruple trom native ollicials and
other-! who would stand well in the eyes
ol tno public and in the estimation .if
the authorities, and from all wh I am
afraid of having their family -.ec.rots proclaimed from the housetops or who wish,
their good deeds noised abroad.—Printing Times and Lithographer
A  Good  Ia-A■*■(>!!.
"I nocd oW,'1 said an ancient monk, so
he planted an (dive sapling.
"Lord," ho prayed, 'it needs rain,
that it-, root*, may drink and -.well Semi
gentle showers. " And the Lord sent a
gentle shower.
"Lord.'' pray.ul tho monk, "my treo
needs sun. Sond sun I pray Time."
Ami the nun shone, gilding tho dripping
< loml.H.
".Now frost, my Lord, to brace its
tissue*;" -.aid the monk; and behold,
the little tree stood sparkling with
frost. Hut at evening it dlod Thon
the monk Bought the cell of a brother
monk, and told his H trail go   experience.
"I, too, httVe planted a lilt!- tree,"
ho said, "and sea, it thrives well. Hut
i entrusted my little tree to its God He
VriiO mail' it knows better what, it needs
than a man like me. 1 laid no conditions. I Dxed no ways nor moans.
'Lord send what it needs," I prayed —
•storm or sunshine, wind, rain or trust.
Thou hist made it,aud thou dost know."'
— Selected,
Nol roiiiplloH-ntary.
A lady looking at a painting in an ait,
gallery was observed hy a very small,
"homely" man who stood near, to havo a
beetle crawling OU the back of her dross
Tho small man stopped up from behind
the lady and said qUltO abruptly:
"Uog pardon, ma'am, but you have a
ilttlo animal at your book"
Tho lady jumped, more at, the man
than at, the booth), and thon said, apologetically.
"Oh!   I didn't know you werotuarei"
Henry M. Stanley pay* » Tribute   t»   the
Uveal: Work They Ilttve Done.
I was (ho only whUe man during ISTt) in
Equatorial Africa, but in 1877, when only
n short distance from the Atlantic, tho
first missionaries landed on the east coast
in response to an appeal that I had written
in is:.'- from L'gaudiL During the years
from is::) to 1884 missionaries followed
closoly my tracks up the Congo, and as a
huudred influences were iu the course of a
few years enlisted In the cause of Africa,
Nyassa Land and the eastern and southern
part of (km trill Africa began to be studded
with Christian missions, and missionaries
have continued to cider Africa ever since,
until now there must be about 300 of them,
and t he number i-. still increasing. Thoy
nre not all reputed to be first-class men,
but it is wonderful what earnestness and
perseverance will do. We have only to
think of (Tgaudu, with its 300 churches
and cathedral and its 50,000 native Chris
tiatis; read the latest ofllelal reports from
Xyassa Laud, and glanco at t he latest
map of Africa, to be convinced of tiie seal
devotion .-md industry of the missionaries
.Mission houses do not grow of them
selves. Gospels are not translated into
African tongues, nor nre converts spontaneous pro duel-, of human lint ore. I am
somewhat familiar with African fact.-,.
and to mo these tiling-, represent immense,
labor, patience ami self-sacrifice; bub .
others expect Africans to fall in love with
the missionary's eyes.
it-is true, though strange, that forth*
first six year.-, oi' so very little visible effect)
is produced by missionary teaching nnd
influence. The mind of a pagan descendant id innumerable centuries ol pagans
appears to be for some time impenetrable
to the Christian doctrine, and no mattei
how zealously n missionary may strive.
with him, he continues to present n wooden dulness, until by and by there Is a.
gleam of interest ; he catch."-, the idea, as
ii were, and i iie interest becomes infectious and spreads from family to family,
and converts multiply rapidly. "Cast thy
bread upon the waters; for thou shall timf
it after many days."
1 hav oi my mind, as I write, the ex
am pi os furnished by the Wngundn, Wuny-
ussu and liakougo. At the town of Banza
Mnutekn, for instance, one day 900 natives*
came io Mr. Richards, the'missionary,
and requested to be baptized by him. lie
had labored among them many years, but
hitherto converts had been few. Tiie missionary imposed conditions on them. lie
said thai, they must first assemble their
fetishes, idols aud stores of gin, andde
stroy all in the market [dace. And they
went forthwith aud did it.—"The Story of
the Development of Africa,** by Henry M.
Stanley, iu the February Century.
A Colonial Ludy's Wardrobe.
Mistress Jane, widow of Cuthbert Fen-
wick, of Ken wick Manor, legislator, councilor, commissioner, died in 10QO, leaving a
will through which wo catch glimpses of
the wardrobe and toilette ol a colonial lady
of the period. To hor stopdnughtcr Teresa
she leaves the little bed, the mohair rug,'
and the yellow curtains, besides her taffeta suit and ht)\- serge coat, all her fine
linen, her hoods and scarfs, "excepttho
great one," and her three petticoat.-, -the
tufted Holland oue, the new serge aud tho
spuugled one. To tier own three boys she
gives that "great scarf" aud all her jewels,
plate and rings, except her wedding ring
which goes to Teresa: and to each a bed
aud a pair of cotton sheets. To heV stepsons Cuthbert and Ignatius nn ell of taffeta; to hor negro maid Dorothy, her red
cotton coat . and to Ksther, the new maid,
all the linen of the coarser sort. To
Thomas, the Indian, two pairs of shoes
aud a niatch-cont; nud to Thomas' mother,
three yards of cotton. TothoKev. Francis
Fit/.herbort, a hogshead of tobacco annually for five years; nnd to hor slave William, bis freedom, provided he pay a hogshead every year to t he church ; and to thu
church, the same William, "to be a slave
forever, if he shall ever leave her communion" ; for had not her loved brothel
William Eltonhend, and many of hei
Drearest friends, 'died by the bloody fangs*
of I'urit.m wolves?"—''Certain "Worthies
and Dames of Old Maryland," by John
Williamson Palmer, iu the February
When Men Were HoneSt.
AI one time ill the highlands of .Scot land
to ask for a receipt or promissory note was
considered an insult, and such a thing as a
breach of contract was rarely heard of, so
strict did the people regard their honor
The Presbyterian Witness tells astory of
a fanner who had beon to the lowlands
aud had there acquired   worldly wisdom.
After returning to his native place he
needed some money and requested a loan
from a gentleman En the neighborhood.
The latter, Mr. Stewart, complied and
counted out the gold, when the farmer
immediately wrote out-a receipt.
"And what is this note, man''' asked
Mr. Stewart, OU receiving the slip ol
"This is a receipt, sir. binding me to
give ye back your gold at the right time,"
replied Donald.
"Binding ye, indeed I    Well, my man, if       •
yecauna  trust   yourself   I'm sure  I'll mt '
trust yo !   Such as ye cnuuii line my gold."
And gathering It up he returned Itto-hts   *
detAc and locked it up
"But, sir. I might die," replied the needy
Sent, unwilling t<> surrender his hope of
the lonn, "and perhaps my sous might rein 40 It ye, but the bit of paper would compel Ihein "
•'Compel thom to sustain their dead
father's honor'" cried the enraged Cell.
"They'll need tompelllug to do right If
thi-is lhe road yo're leading them. Vo
can gang elsewhere for money, I tell ye,
bul >e''l find nano n-boul here that'll put
more t.-ith iu n bit of paper than a neighbor's word of honor and his love of right."
Tenting the KHIelem-y ofa iHotominii.
Many a\ reel rail'.vuy com pan lea are ailvo
to tho fad that themotoruiun Is ono of tho
most important factors Lu the street cat
Service, nnd rewards of various kinds are
now being offered to luotoriuen who havo
run their cars oi.t schedule for a certain
length of time without an accident. Another point from which the railway coin-
pan los are appro.nil ing the quest ion of the
ideal lUOtormutl is the matter of economy
iu the consumption of the motive power uf
tbe cur. It is a well-known fact that two
motoruien cau take the same equipment
over tho same route iu the .same time and
yet, use vastly different amounts of power
This suggests a rigorous mathematical
method of fixing the value of amotormnn.
All that, Is necessary is to let him ran a
car, loaded up to standard weight, ovor a
given track in an exact prearranged time,
making a definite number of intermediate
stoppages. An electric meter iu the car
would give the motornum's figures of merit, which would, of courso, be tbe reciprocal of the number recorded by tha
meter. This reciprocal should lie indicated on his certitl-jate, aud his wages might
be regulated aeordingly. FAMILIAR HYMNS.
John Henry Newman vxti n man ofre-
markablo history. BornTu ISO I in London, wo find him at the ago uf fourteen
studying Paine aud lluino until completely saturated. with infidel tendencies
and convictions. His father was a banker
and noted for his piety. "I was brought
up from a child," says Dr. Newman, "to
take great delighf in reading the Bible.*'
This in a measure corrected the Influences
made upon him by* his infidel readings.
Wo find him soon taking an oath of perpetual celibacy, so thai, ho might serve the
Lord without let or hindrance: strange
was it, not that any man should regard a
noble woman as a hindrance to him In
serving the Lord ?
ilo was a great writer: subjects political,
ecclesiastical and social came under his
pen. He was u great fault-finder; wo might
well call him the universal grumbler.
He filled the various position1- of principal, rector, tutor, historian ami poet. In
perusing his history, as given in tho Century Magazine, November, 1S-S5, we lind a
man so dissatisfied with himself thai it-
would lie impassible for him to be satisfied
with any one else.  .
Ho first attracfed attention by bis hitter
opposition to Sir Robert Peel on the
ground that, he favored tho Roman
Catholics. Ho nexi conn's Into notice by
his attempt to form un Anglo-Catholic
party : and lastly, by having gone over to
Romanism. His cardinal*!-! imi was re-
-ceived in 1S70. Kvidentiy lovo of pro
tain once hatl more to do with his many
volumes than his literary genius.
During a visit to tho continent the tendencies toward Romanism, which be had
already manifested, seem to have (irmly
fixed themselves as permanent principles
in ids mind, (in his return he wrote tlte
lines which originated the Oxford movement in the Anglican Church, an agitation
which con tin nod for ten years, and has
not. even now. entirely abated :
"Time was I shrunk from what was right,
From fear Of vlmt was wrung.
T would not brave ihe sacred fight
Because the foe was strong.'1
Rut now 1 cast that flucrseiise
Aud sorer shame aside:
Such dread of sin was indolence,
Such aim at heaven was pride.
So when my Saviour calls'. [ rise
And calmly do my best:
Leaving to Him, with silent eyes
Of hope and fear, the rest.
I step, 1 mount, where II" has led ;
Men counting' baitings o'er:—
1 know them : yet though self I dread,
1 love his precepts more.
While in Sicily he was very ill with malarial fever. ■■ My servant," he says.
"thougbt I was dying and begged for my
Inst dire, tions. I gave them as he wished;
'hut,' I said. 1 shall uot die. for i have not
sinned against light'" Later ou in the
» ourse ol the disease he became much de-
prcsscd nnd subbed bitterly. His servant,
ask ng what ailed him, could only obtain
the reply, "1 havo a work lodoiuKng-
land." Al last he was able to get off lu
an orange bi at, but was becalmed a whole
week. His mipd was iu u very unsettled
state. !!>• siys, "I wus aching to get
home, and yet for wan-, of a v< --■ ! I was
detained three wif-uks." n-. was satisfied
that his mind hud not fotiud its ultimate
rest b'" au*e of its misu u-t in Pr ivideiico.
While on his way home la- encountered a
storm on the Mediterranean ; sen sickness,
true to its (radii ion. upset his self-possessed nature, unil for n time humbled his
proud spirit, and the. agitated agitator in
politics ami church, with an nngry sky-
above bim, and un nngrlor sen below him,
composed one of ins sweetest hymns. It
may not. be saying too much, that it is
about the only uwei t drop that lias etco-p-
ed from a sen stormed with mental doubts
ami perplexity, physical weakness and
spiritual eon fi lets, and restlessness, and
innj we ■ ot also sny, probably tlm only
bv nm wl   -" sweotm ss tuny be attrlbuti !
to thi   • ha I'm* of sea-sii l.ne	
■ Un !, kiudlj Mg] .."
•ALL M.\ ll. ! Hi; now r.tl
There i« one hymn in ■ nr collection
which always stirs ih like the sound of a
trumpet. Everybody kt.ows the words
end everybody is familiar with I ho t uiiuof
"Coronation*' to which ii Is wedded. The
authorship of this hymn let- been credited
to Rowland Hill, with whom ii was a
great favorite. In very many of our books
it is attributed to one '•Duncan." Hut tho
real author was Rev. Kuward Perronet, a
zealous minister of .Jesus Christ in tlm
ancient futility of Kent, lie was a man
of keen wit and imlomitnblojcourage. lie
became :iu intimate friend of Charles
Wesley, wiio referred to him in bis diary
about tiie year 1750 as "A Christian
brother and companion iu travel," whom
he familiarly called "Ned." Kdw.-ird was
the son of a well-known clergyman.
Hepreaohed for n time in the Wesloyan
connection, ami afterwards assisted the
preachers whom the Coitutess of Hunting-
don sent to Canterbury. Me published a
small |volume of "Occasional Verses,
Moral and Social.'" in ITS5.
lie wrote many verses, but only one great
hymn. That was enough. The man did nut
, live in vain who taught Christ's. Church
her grandest coronation song iu honor of
her King. When and where ICdward
Perronet was born wo do not, know, but
iie died Januan -'. IT02, In Canterbury,
aud went to join the coronation service of
Ono day when lost in meditation on his
own insignificance, and God's incoinprc*
be*iisibFeness, bis soul was llllotl with a
very frenzy of delight, and with a holy
rapture he exclaimed: "Glory to God iii
tha height of His divinity! Glory to God
in the dopths of Mis humanity] Glory to
God In His nll-stlfUcfcucy- and into His
hands I commit my -pirit.** Then ibe
rhymer rose and wrote tho mosl Inspiring
and triumpiiant hymn In tiie Knglish
lunguago, thu Church of God's grand majestic "Marseillaise,'1 known fnr aud wide
as the "Coronation Hymn."
'tun for a Pound.
The drawing teacher had been giving a
leseuu on cubes, and some of the pupils
bad glten examples. Tne teacher Wanted
more, but no one could think of any.
Finally n boy said, " i know a trood oube
—hfill a pound of butter." "Why, that is
excollenti" cried the teacher." "Now,
who can give wo another example, as good
ns Henry's:-" After a long time she saw
a hand waving wittily In. the back of thu
room. '".Veil, Willie, what is it?'1 "Why.
the other half-pound of ihat butter," said
Wiijie, triumphantly.
How » Vessel Captain Saved Some Fine
it randy.
A certain captain included among his
cargo a couple of gallon jars of fine
brandy. Incidentally, he also included a
remarkably smart and intelligent cabin
boy. Tho worthy skipper hod a deep-root-
ed aversion io tbe inconvenient curiosity
of the revomicofticcrs-*In short, be desired to land his brandy without their aid.
Upon berthing his vessel alongside the
quay a plank was placed on to tho jetty,
and ok soon as the officer came within a
few yards, the cabin boy. carrying tbe
jars, stepped ashore ;tml was immediately
accosted by the custom officer,
■•We!!, my lad, what hove you got
there '"
"('an', toll you, sir.''
"Hut you must."
"Captain said I wasn't to, sir."
■•ul,. hut I'm a custom house officer, .my
boy, ami ii vou don't tell mo what you
have there I shall call that constable
yonder and have you arrested."
"Well. sir. captaiu'll just, kill me if he
know*,.   Hesnid I was to take tho jars to
Mr. "   (mentioning  the   officer's
name- "Xo. VI li street, with his
-Oh, yes. I see. tt/s .-ill right. I'm Mr.
 — . Here's a shilling for your honest v. and. see, go mil I his- way.''
The* Mi---: is still waiting for the arrival
of thai boy and brandy, and will have to
\\ it.!.
I rm-'»   l.a.mi-s Lost.
,-.T'.:*-; turn me loose among a lor, of
girls,'' remarked a Berkeley Freshman
with flic pretty chrysanthemum bang.
"ThereV where I shine," und lie dusted a
Httle lint from his vest, gave his downy
mustaclie n downward curve and took another glance at the mirror. "I'm right,
at home among tho ladies, and if.you've
got any pretty girls in this town trot them
"That reminds me," remarked a Senior,
"that n w hole bus load of pretty girls arc
going out for a drive over the mountain
reads this afternoon. *'
"Just,honk me for that, engagement,"
eiiid the Krcshman. "A whole load is just
what I liko."
"Well. I think I can arrange ir for you."
"Thanks, old man. awfully. I'll get acquainted with the whole gang before I get
That afternoon he climbed into the'bus,
mi beside tho prettiest girl and com-
.menced firing bon-mots right, and left.
1*1 ley were met by vacant -tares and an
occasional smile, but not a word could be
goi out of them.
"Queer girls," he thought, and ho applied himself assiduously to tho labor of
| making an impression, lie chatted,
laughed at his own jokes, pointed out bits
j ol Keener j aud asked questions, but, no re-
I spouse could he get, The girls said uot a
!  word, even tu each other.
•'Those fellows have put the girls oil,"
He made several more Ineffectual attempts to draw them Into conversation.
Finally the driver turned around, gave
him nn amused smile and remarked :
"You've made ti mistake, young feller.
Thosi girls aro from the Deaf and Dumb
Institute. They ain't heard a word you
.' was P.'.'Wo'clock when 'he young man
wall < : into Bei keley.- I.. ■■'. Carpenter
..-.'.;';. ticiscu Post.
A In
M ..'lief—h:ih .Iu\v, flint's  a rhnriulng
£•;.'.     .'• ben I i'i-tiim ii	
'!roj. In.
}i(-Vm fH-ct-lQll to bo verv much tilled.
cd by tbe play.
She—Yes. li was Mint homelike iccno
thnt upset mo. When tho woinnri sat
tlown ou tbo flour bnvt-el and boj-rui to peel
(.nit'ii-. ! was so reattstio J was moved to
I Striking Mnillarlt,.
"Jones Is an awful chump. II.' reminds
inr ..f the wise men of tho Nonrhian era."
"What, that Idiot f Why. ha doesn't
know enough to k" In whon it rains."
-Well, neither .ii.l they."
On th,   Desert.
due traveler—If yonder silent Sphinx
rt"uul speak, what a l<.t she would say.
Another traveler--1 don't, think sho
knows very much.
Our-traveler—Why not t
Another traveler- Because the wind i»
always throwing dust In her cyis.
Pokololgh—1 ttuii't tl,mic i couin over
descend to ridlug-i bicycle.
Jokololgh—So, you'd have to in.unit.
', on n;...'li! descend later.
T.in count—All, iii.'i'S. you riinili tne
Mni teiii.in > /Cut was ii foot to be proud
she—J'iinluii me, count, bul you mean
I m
The count—O*o*h I Vmi clluilj it more
inn once l—1'it.ii Mel jt.
A Stift'erer for Twelve Tear. Wbose Trouble Was Aeerravsted t.y Kidney Disease
Tell. How to Regain Health and Happiness. 	
From the Smith's Fulls Record,
since tbe Record began to publish accounts of the cures By the use of Dr.
Williams' Pink Pills, its representatives
have found that half the wondeiful cures
effected by this medicine have not yet
been given to the public. AVomen aa
well as men who have, founu relief are
eager to let the facts be known for the
benefit of other sufferers. Among them
is Mrs. .lames Cotman, of the township of
The lady referred to was lor twelve
years a constant sufferer fro::: nervousness, headache and kidney trouble. Hiving read so much   about  Dr. Williams'
Pink Pills she determined to give them a
trial.   Their use for a short time brought
a great improvement, and after taking I
them  lor jbout a  month the  nervous I
headache  and kidney trouble left her. |
ThedenreeofthankfufneeE felt by one who
receives such benefits as  above can be
better imagined than described.    Here
are Mrs. Cotman's words i "If you could
only know or if I could but tell of the in-
tense suffering which I have endured and
the many sleepless nights I have spent in
mental and physical agony, you would
not wonder at the degree of thankfulness
I feel for mr restoration to health." Her
trouble woe a continual dread to her,
and for a long time prevented her from
doing any work. Since using the pills
she is as well as ever—or to use her own
words—•'fullv restored." In this household Pink Pills are now I joked upon as
one of the necessities.
As is the case with every good cause
Pink Pill? have much to contend with;
spurious articles hfcve been platted on the
market, and though in appearance and
color thoy may resemble the genuine,
they have an altogether diri'erent effect
on the system. The writer was once in
a st3re\'vhen Pink Pills were asked for
bv a ci-.stomber. The dealer hadn't, them
but said he had something "jus: as good."
The public are warned against this "j ist
as good scheme which is too often resort
edtob' some store keener", It should
be borne in mind that Dr. Williams Pink
Pills are a Bpecific for all diseases arising
from an impoverished condition of tbe
blood or a shattered coniition of the
nervous forces, such as St. Vitue' dance,
locomotor ataxia, rheumatism, paralysis,
sciatica, the after effsots of la grippe, loss
of appetite, headache, dizziness, chronic
erysipelas, scrofula, etc. They are also
a certain cure for the troubles peculiar to
tbo female system, correcting irregularities, suppressions aud all forms of female
weakness, building anew the blood and
restoring the glow of health to pale and
sallow cheeks. In the case of uien they
(Ifect a radical cure in all .-ases arising
from mentai worry, overwork or excesses
of any nature, -'old only in boxes bearing the firm's trade mark and wrapper
[printed in red ink), and may be had of
druggists or direct 'ov mail from D.\
Williams' Medicine Company, Brockviile.
< int.. or Schenectady, X. Y.,'at -jO cents a
box, or six boxes for $2.30,
Dairviiian—iM'lfellow,—Live s.,,ek
During this month there have been a
number of gatherings of one kind and
another at Winnipeg. Among others
were the following, oi.'icers as given being
elected i
President—John Hettle, M.P.P., of
1st Vice-President—W. M. Champion,
of Kaeburn.
Jnd Vice-President—Richard Waugh,
of the Nor' West Farmer of Winnipeg.
.Secretary-Treasurer — Miss Pi. Cora
Hind, of Winnipeg.
Directors—llobert Scott. S, J. liroeu-
wood, D. Munro. .lames Bray, Wm. Kyan,
B. K. A. Leach, A. 0. Aliaire. D. W. Mc
Cuaig. and ,J. S. Crcrar.
..1>|.i ll.ton*.
'ifund Master—11. B. Rose, acclamation.
Daputy Grand Master—John Morrow.
• ir.ind Warden—.1. .V. Baker.
• fraud Secretary—R, H. Shanks, acclamation.
tirand Treasurer—D. K.McKinuon. acclamation.
Grand Representative—W, .1. May, the
retiring Grand Master, by acclamation.
llvr: sto. K  DKSEDKRS,
W. Kitson. Bnrnside. President.
W. W. Kisser, Kmerson, first vice-
R. I,, l.aug. Oak Lake, second vice-
G. 11. Greig, sec.-treus.
Directors—sheep : Messrs. McCartney.
Bray, Vnuee and McMillan. Swine:
Messrs. Potter. Montgomery. Graham,
Pomcroy, McGregor and Elder,
Auditors — Messrs. R. Waugh nnd
Naw .tlHrket for No. I Hard.
Tiventy cars of Manitoba wheat were
dispatched west the other day via C. P.
R, for Vancouver, where it will be transferred to a steamer and taken to Australia. The wheat is from .Southern
Manitoba, aud on arrival in Winnipeg
was .lumped into sacks for the long
journey. Australia is a new market for
To be Permanently Fixed bv Act ol Tar-
11am nt.
A reply elicited from the minister of
inland revenue by a question asked by
Mr. Davin in parliament bears out the
report sent bv your correspondent on the
14th, that the abolition of the Grain
Standard's board, and fixing the standards permanently by legislation, was
contemplated. The minister said:
"There is no record of any petition from
Souris, E. i>„ Farmers' institute, respecting the made of fixing grain standards for
Manitoba. I may say, however, that the
department is now considering the whole
matter.and is inclined to view the methods
dictated by the inspection aet as -juite
open to improvement, especially those
bearing upon the annua! establishment
of grain standards. The time has come
when that act has to be viewed in relation
to the export trade rather than as a
matter between the grower and domestic
Your correspondent has been aware for
several days that such progre-s lias been
made in regard to this matter, that even
the grades have been decided upon, and
is now at liberty to make them public.
They are as follows:
Xo. i extra—to weigh not les? than
'ill pounds, to contain SO per cent. R d
Fyfe, and to be free from frost and smut.
Xb. 1 hard—Same conditions as foregoing, but weighing only 60 pounds to
the bushel.
Xo. 2 hard—To weigh 59 pounds to
the bushel, to contain 60S percent. Led
Fyfe, free from smut and frost.
Xo.:; hard—To weigh 68 pounds to the
bushel, aud other conditions the same as
Xo. 2.
Xos. 1 and :.' regular—T.j contain oO
percent, of soft wheat, and weigh 00
and 59 pounds to the bushel respectively.
All wheat below these grades will not
be graded by the proposed new act. Xo
scoured wheat will be allowed in the
three etandards first named.—Free Press.
Northwest Appointment.
The following Xortfe west appointments
are gazetted.
To be commissioners for taking affidavits : Charles Draper, of Moosomin;
James Johnson, of Cociuane, Edmund
Cave, of London, Fngland; Thompson
McKay, of Colleston. Saek.; Charles E.
Kigdon, of Moose Jaw.
To be a notary public : Joseph Cle-
mentson. of Broadview. Assa.
To be a game guardian i Frederick W.
Cochrane, of Wascana, Assa.
Kesignation of issuer of marriage licenses accepted i A. H. Bastien, of Rocan-
ville. Assa.
Kesignation of veterinarian accepted i
Charles E, Wright, of Grenfell. Assa.
Willie Will—My tleah fellow, 1 nevah
use bav rum. Barber—Why not, sir?
Willie Witt—Became it goeB to my head.
Heart Disease Kellev.-tl Id 80 Mlnntes.
Dr. Agnew's Cure for the Heart gives
perfect relief in all caser of Organic or
Sympathetic Heart Disease in 80 minutes,
and speedily effects a cure. It is a peer-
leES remedy for Palpitation. Shortness of
Breath, Smothering Spells, Pain in Left
Side and all symptoms of a Diseased
Heart.   One dose convinces.
Sold by all druggists.
G&dzooks—We don't seem to hear anything nowadays about the coming woman. Zjuu.is—Xo. because she has
already rorne, and is now off on her
new wheel.
"You ask me to put von glass lager on
ablate unt you drunk tree glasses, ain't
it.' "That's all righi: it only proves
ttiere's more in me" than you gave me
credit foresee
A Cotituilsstoner tn B. R.
GK.vn.EMi:>.',—Having used Hagyard's
Pectoral Balsam in our family for years
I have no hesitation in saying that it
beats everything else that w'e have ever
tried for coughs and colds iu children as
well as grown up people. It relieves that
tight binding sensation in the chest. We
would not be without it for anything, as
we have a large family.
Commissioner in B. R.
Balmoral, Man.
' If I only knew whether the policeman is standing there because nothing is
happening because he is standing there.
Slrk Headache,
Dyspepsia, Biliousness, Sour Stomach
and Constipation arise from wrorig action
of the stomach, liver anil boweier Burdock Blood Bitters cures all diseases of
these organs.
Wiilie—Will teacher go to heaven
when she dies, ma'.' Mrs. Ferry—Yes,
dear.   Willie—But will they let her in.
Milburn's Cod Liver Oil Emulsion with
Wild Cherry and Hopopbosphites combines the curative powers of Wild
Cherry, Hypophosphites of Lime and
Soda, and pure Norwegian Cud Liver Oil
in perfectly palatable form. It is the
best for coughs and colds and all lung
troubles.   Price 50c. and $1.00 per bottle.
"All the good things have been said—''
staylate murmured with a sigh;
Mable yawned and shook her bead—
"Well, suppose you try 'good-bye. "
The Breath ol the Pines.
Coughs, colds, asthma, bronchitis, sore
throat, and lung troubles are cured by
Xorway Pine Syrup. Price 26 and 50
cents, It breaths out the healing virtues
of the pine forests.
"Baroness, have you heard "    "Is
it a  secret your  excellency'"'    "Yes."
"Then 1 have hoard of it."
A   Deeperate   Case    That Kxceetled   the
Skill of the Best Physicians.
X'o greater trial comes to parents than
the sickness of their children. And
when this trouble assumes the shape of
Hervousness. the hope of the parents receive; its severest test, for so seldom do
children recover from disease of that
character. They battle with it, it may
be for many years, but eventually the
disease conquers, and the child dies.
Jessie, the little daughter of Mr. H. K
Merchant, of Collingwood, Unt.. had
given her parentE great anxiety, as for
eleven years she had been a sufferer from
nervous troubles. These would take the
shape of spasms and become so severe
that she would be unable to control herself. Her parents spared no effort to
give to their !wed one the health that is
natural to child life. The father writes:
"I doctored with the most Bkilled physicians in Collingwood. without any
relief coming to mv daughter. I must
have spent nearly $500 in this way. It is
not to be wondered at that i was" becoming thoroughly discouraged, and began
to realize that it would only be a short
time when our little one would pass from
us. A friend influenced rue to try South
American Xervine. knowing something
of the wonderful cures it had eiected in
the case of children troubled as was my
ittle Jessie. The medicine was procured
and given to the child, and she has never
been so well and strong assinceshe began
j to use South American Xervine. When
| she began its use she was hardly able to
I move about, but now she ..an run around
I as other children. I am still giving her
the medicin*-, seeing i hat it is effecting a
a permanent cure."
The secret of nervine is that it operates
directly on the nerve centres located in
or near the base of the brain. It is when
these are deranged with nervous trouble
that much other trouble ensues. At
least two-thirds of chronic diseases originate in a derangement of the nerve
, Xervine at once builds them up, fills
the blood with richness, and so strengthens the nerve tissues, that it ie only a
little while when disease drops from its
victims, ae the shackles would drop from
the slave who had received his freedom.
The cures effected by this medicine, ae
withthecase before us. ore indeed remarkable, but such cures are being
elected every day by the use of South
American Xervine.
Cse the remedy for nervous prostration, sick headache, hot dashes, sleeplessness, debility of the nerves.
Relief In Six Hoars.
Distressing Kidney and Eladder diseases relieved in 'six hours by the
South American Kidnei 'CtRE."
This new remedy is a great surprise
and delight on account of its exceeding promptness in relieving pain
in the bladder, kidneys, back and every
part of the urinary passages in male or
female. It relieves retention of water
and pain in passing it almost immediately. If you want quick relief and cure
this is your remedy.
Sold by al! druggists.
Minnie—I never noticed before tha
this mirror had a wrinkle in. it. Mamie
—I thought you were able to see .crinkles
in any mirror you looked into.
Coatttlparlon Cnred.
Gents.—I was in very poor health for
over four years, the doctor called it Constipation. Xot wanting to spend too
much catb. I get three bottles of Burdock
Blood Bitters and took it regularly. I
can certify that I am now in the best of
health and feel very grateful to B. B. B.
Montreal, U.ue.
Jones—Smith is in business for myself,
isn't he.' Brown—For himself.' Well,
I should say he is in business for the
benefit of an extravagant family?
Catarrh Relieved In 10 lo CO Seconds,
One short puff of the breath through
the Blower, supplied with each bottle of
Dr. Agnew's Catarrhal Powder, diffuses
this Powder over the surface of the nasal
passages. Painless aud delightful to use,
it relieves instantly, auo permanently
cures Catarrh, Hay Fever, Colds, Headache, Sore Throat, Tonsilitis and Deafness.   ii0 cents.
Sold by all druggists.
Teacher—Olga, translate the following
sentence into French: My cousin Arthur
is greatly attached to me. olga (quickly)
His name is Max."
Rhenmatlstu Cnred In st Day.
South American Rhuematic Cure for
Rhuematism and Neuralgia radically
cures in one to three days. Its anion
upon the system is remarkable and mysterious. It removes at once the cause,
and the disease immediately disappears
The ti ret dose greatly benefits, Seventy-
five cents.
Sold by all druggists.
A Merchant Testifies.
Gentlemen,—I write to tell you how
good I have found Hagyard's Yellow Oil
for sore throat In one family alone the
Yellow CHI cured several bad cases, and
my customers now recognize its great
value. They seem to prefer it to all
others.        "       D. COLMIF.R,
Wholesale and Retail Grocer,
Canaan Station, X. B.
First new woman at the club —What
makes you so blue.' Second ditto—My
father-in-law has come to stay with us,
and John and he sit at their knitting all
dav, and cry about my treatment of
1 Lowest Prices
!     Ever Q^led.
Writt For
SCHOOL DESKS    J New Catalogue
LESLIE Bf&JliRffil
Sun Insurance Office,   1    F
Eastern Assurance Co.  )
Quebec Fire Aeeurance Company.
London and Lancashire Life Ins. Co,
British and Foreign Marine Ins. Co.
Lloyd's Plate Glass Insurance Company.
Gencml Acent,
Stobart Block, 288 Portage Ave,
Xew Canadian Monthly.   Write at once
for particulars to
3ocke and Pictures for
25 Wrappers.
Send for a list of
400 &-oks and 8 Pictures
Ti-.e most, prompt pleasant an.! per.
feet utre for Coughs, Colds, Asthma,
bronchitis. Hoarseness, Sore Throat,
Croup, Whooping* Cough, Quinsy,
Pain in the Chest and all Throat,
Bronchial and Lung Diseases.
The healintr anti-consumptive virtues
of the Norway Pine are combined in
this medicine with Wild Cherry and
otlter pec:.,tal Herbs and Balsams to
make a true specific for all forms of
d;&tt*se originating from c6Ms.
U Price age. and $oc. S
Just spend his Four
* Quarters for a bottle of it-
Burdock Blood Bitters
as £ll sensible pi-Tie Jo; because it cui-ss Dyspepsia, Constipation, Biliousness, Sick
Headache, Bad Blood, and all
Diseases Of the Stomach, Liver,
Kidnc.Ts. Bowels and Blood from
a common Pimrle to the worst
Scrofulous Sore.
tt That Raise Money 79^
Largest &r..i most Completa
Good Seeds, Pretty  Flowers, and
Farm Requisites issued
in Canada
The Steele, Briggs Seed Co.
«t*»Tioi« this p«pta    Toronto, Oni.
It warms, invigorates and
strengthens the system. Well
brewed and thoroughly matured. Recommended by many
physicians in preference to
the imported article.
.Pl'lll.lSllKU  KVKItY   BATUKDAY   MllltXl.N!!
ity lit t:
K. C. Bbabd, Editor and Manager,
.llastlon Street. Nanaimo, 11. U.
:jr»... permouth
By mall—One veur	
" Six months .  .
"        Threo months.
Delivered bj* carrier	
Readers til ihe Man. are specially requested
tt. examine it*, advertisements before making
purchases. Observation and experience |nivo
demonstrated that it is the active, wido-awake
business inttii ur liriu win. advortfsos that is the
ntitst aooommodating, sells the choapest and
tlt'itls iln- most liberally in every way with put
r.nis. 'I'll,, advertisements ..(the principal deal.
ors of Nanaimo appear in tin lumns of this
paper. Dpal with them, watch our columns
olosoly for bargains, And bewareof the tricky,
trashy, traveling transom traders.
A well-written und carefully-prepared review uf the reign of Queen
Victoria is presented by an anonymous writer in the Edinburgh Review for January, We quote the
following interesting faets:
In the course of the ensuing
summer Queen Victoria will complete the fifty-ninth year of her
reign, and in the course ol" lhe following autumn she will have reigned for a longer period than any
monarch who ever occupied the
throne of the United Kingdom. A
reign covering two generations is
sufficiently remarkable in itself, hut
the immigrant till his house and
stithies are built, his fields plowed
and fenced, anil when to those near
and dear to him remembrance of
tbe wrench of separation from old
ties has been dimmed by evidences
of pence and plenty in this new
land. Expenditures of money are
made from year to year, but still
lhe immigrant in too many cases
fails to stay, with the consequent
loss of the amount paid to secure
his  coming.     The policy that  be
The ultimatum of the Provincial
Government declining the proposition of the projectors of the British
Pacific Railway will, we believe, be
generally approved by the electors
of the Province. Great as the necessity may be for this road, and the
advantages likely to accrue therefrom, lhe Government was justified
in  refusing  to  recommend to the
suggests is the judicious advance-j
ment to the settler of a little capital | Legislature   a   proposition   which
to enable him to carry on   his primary operations.  The Government!
borrows at
lend  to  the
per cent.
e'ttler  at
mil  could
'i per cent.
MAIK II II, lt'jr,
Sir Arthur Sullivan's full name
is Arthur  Seymour Sullivan.    To .ln
avoid the unfortunate combination
of initials  the  second   name  has
been discreetly dropped.
the great feature of interest is the The land, with the improvements
development which has accorapa- madeon it, would be ample security,
nied this long period of sovereignty  -»•«-
which has wrought material changes '
in   the world and which may well
challenge a corresponding period in
any known century,   The world as
it was 00 years ago and as ii is now
the very forefront of progress
and advancement has been (treat
Britain. Por example, when the
Queen came to the throne there
were some 26,000,000 persons living
in the United Kingdom, nearly
18,000,000 of whom weir in Great
Britain and 8,0O0,0P0 of whom were
in Ireland. In the present year
there are probably 39,500,000 person- in the United Kingdom, but of
these 85,Q00,0J0 will iie in Great
[Britain and 4,500,000 in Ireland.
Little wonder, then, that an Irish
party continues to exist and that it
professes, in season and out of season, that the interests of Ireland
have been subordinated to those of
England, Scotland und Wales.
But the striking feature of  Brit-
isb development during the reign
of Victoria is the expansion of territory outward.     England has increased her Ead   Indian territory
by 275,000 square miles, has occupied Aden, has created Hongkong,
has secured control of an additional
2(1(1,000 square miles in South Africa, and extended a sphere of influence almost immeasurable; has oc-
Says an Eastern exchange: "The copied Cyprus, and has succeeded
number of Chinamen  that   came to the administration of lhe affairs
into  Canada  during the   lasl   12 of Egypt, with an influence brought
months is 702, Ihe majority of these  to bear on Turkey which even lius-
British Columbia. In sia has been unable lo overcome.
According to Casscll's Magazine,
il has become a fashionable distinction in England to smoke green tea
in the form of cigarettes.    A large
-.. ... .   number of   the adepts of  this new
ire very different propositions, and pastirae are highly educated women.
! A physician who has  had occasion
to treat patients for extreme ner-
Ivousness and insomnia due to this
To the man of wealth the annual
payment of a two-dollar fine called
a polltax is a trifling matter, but to
the man who is scarcely able to
secure the necessaries of life it is a
hardship. There is no foundation
in justice for any such tax.
Mr. Dawson in the budget debate
said that Canada's "free'' breakfast
table was taxed $.3,500,000 a year.
If all the expenses laid on the
breakfast table by the tariff could
be summed up, it would be found
that the estimate was well within
the mark.
All the votes cast against the
Cuban resolutions in tbe House of
Congress en me from Maine, Massachusetts, Vermont, Virginia, South
Carolina, Georgia, Alabama and
Texas. It was New England and
the South against the rest of the
remaining in
a few years more the working class
of the Pacific Province will he
driven out of their "own their
native land."
The Sultan of Turkey is not a
good Mohammedan. He conforms
to many of the ceremonies prescribed for the faithful,but when he
feels inclined to break the prophet's
laws he bus no hesitation in doing
so. Indulgence in wine and a larger
number of wives than his relig'tui
aljows are among his rebellious acts.
. <,,	
The Prince of Wales has been
much depressetl since Henry of Bat-
tenberg's death. It seems that Albert Edward and Henry had their
Such is a hasty antl incomplete
summary of the extension of tin'
power and authority of ibe British
Empire within the reign of Queen
Victoria, and, from the,recent inci- formerly done the wor
dent in the Transvaal, one may say wages  "than  it  w
with confidence lhe end is not yet.
As to material and mechanical pro-
practice states thai a well-known
authoress whose novels nre widely
rend smokes from 20 to 80 lea
cigarettes a day while working. He
further declares: "At the home of a
woll-kiiiiwn holy whom 1 am attending tea cigarettes are always
passed around after dinner, and I
know three celebrated actresses who
give tea-smoking parties twice a
week. A number of literary ladies
al Kensington have formed a small
club for lhe sine purpose. One
of ray patients spends nearly two
pounds a week to satisfy her mania.
This habit, moreover, is spreading
io such an extent ihat certain tobacco dealers are now offering pack-
, ages of tea cigarettes to the public."
That while men have to underbid
Chinamen in order to secure employment is a disgrace to tbe conn-j
try, and yet this is what occurred
at Wellington recently. According
to the Enterprise, "the contract for
trimming the vessels loading coal
at Departure Buy has been given to
while men this year. Heretofore
Chinese have always done this work,
being able lo put in a much lower
, tender than it was possible for white
men to earn a.living nt. This year
their tender was considerably lower
than the Mongolian, and as a consequence they obtained tbe contract." Query: If Chinese have
k for lower
.iissihle for
while men to earn a living at," how
are the while men going to live now
would entail upon the Government
an expenditure of not less than
$253,000 per annum for 25 years,
together with a gift of 12,000,000
acres of land, while not more than
$200,000 is offered us security for
the whole undertaking. Several
guarantees are included in the offer
to the Government; but, as tbe Premier pointed out, there is no security whatever for the fulfillment of
any of the obligations. The Government is fully alive to the importance of this road, but considers iti
would be unjust lo the people at J
large to jeopardize Ihe financial |
Standing of the Province for a long
number of years for the benefit of a
private corporation, which would in
turn derive big dividends from the
people. If lhe Government is to
take all the responsibility, it might
as well undertake the building independent of private schemers.
The impression that Sir Charles
Topper is the only man on eartli is
fading and falling away—Hamilton
___ that thev have taken  tbe contrat
gress the story reads ns though it .,,   .,  "considerably   lower" figure
might  have been  ta ten  from   the  than the tender of ihe Chinese?
"Arabian Nights:"
"Nothing like leal her," snys an old
saw, speaking of iis endnring Quality.
Certainly nothing can bo firmer than our
shoes. They are symbols of endurance
and proofs of what service good leather
can lie. For the good of your feet and
your health you can't have too good u
si  Whatever you buy here is of gnotl
stuff and well made, and would be cheap
..  at a higher price. Wear tells. Style talks.
When Her Majesty ascended the
throne there was only one railway
in the kingdom. The railways now
have a mileage of more than 20,000
miles,   and    their   capital   exceeds
Ciinn.il   1..
City, Wei
fortunes told bv a gipsy some years £1,000,000,000. Thev carry more
ago. The Prince of Wales was in- tllim 900,000,000 passengers a year,
formed that he would never be King without reckoning commuters, und
of England, and Henry that he the average fare does not exceed
would die seeking glory under a one penny per mile. This progress
tropic sun. Naturally Albert Ed- '" hmd locomotion has been met
ward feels worried.    " ianc* possibly surpassed by the ad-
The estimates
British Parliament cull for more
than $100,000,000 for naval purposes, and Mr. Goschen stated that
the exchequer could supply the
monew without borrowing. Different here. The deficit in tbe Canadian treasury is a hole into which
Conservatives will fall this year, no
vance on   the  sen.     In   1840
submitted to tho I whole commercial navy of the
nation consisted of about 23,000 vessels, lhe steam fleet then comprising
only 770 vessels, with a capacity o(f
87,000 tons, while the tonnage of the
sailing vessels was only 3,000,000.
Steam power bus sn greatly superseded sail power thai u comparison
is hardly possible, and, as a direct
The report of Sir Frederick Pollock on the Venezuelan boundary
dispute, bused on information obtained from the archives of Holland
ami Spain ami the British colonial
office, shows a ease of overwhelming
strength against Venezuela's pretensions of ownership to the west
bank of the Essequiho. Notwithstanding this, the British ease is
declared to be "pitiably weak" at
the Venezuelan legation at Washington, Minister Andrade averring Don't go eleewl
it did not contain an item which
had not been fully met and disproved. No fear is expressed by
the members of the legation as to
the result of the Venezuelan commission's labors. They nre confident that the decision will be entirely in conformity with the Venezuelan contention.
surpassed in tin
repu special linen
Choice Teas and Coffee.
Canned Fruits. Etc.
Ol'K PRICES ARE LOW -so tiik
QUALITY of nut (i s EXOEU-EN'J
until vim have tried
Where thev Defy all Competition.
j. h. McMillan,
15 Victoria Crescent.
matter what kind of platform  is consequence, the building of wooden
•built over it. ships has  fallen nearly into abey-
_! .«.»  ance.
The question of a reformatory in
stitution is one which might well
occupy the attention of the Legislature. What the home and the school
cannot accomplish should he undertaken by the state. To force a misguided youth into the companionship of hardened criminals is not
calculated to improve his morals or
inspire him to better conduct : in
fact, such a course has been the
cause of many a criminal career.
The suspension bridge at, Niagara
Falls is to be replaced with a steel
arch (bridge, wholly contained within itseH, which will consist of a
main arch span 810 feet long and
two shore spans—that on the American side to be 190 feet long, and
the span on the Canadian 210 feet
in length. The arch span will consist of an open parabolic rib 2(1 feet
in depth, with a rise of 105 feet at ■ garrison to evacuate
the centre. The roadway will be their arms ant"'
46 feet in the clear.
The recent crushing defeat that
the Abyssinians inflicted upon the
Italians is the second of u like
nature since the latter attempted in
extend their power in the dominion
of King Menelik. About three
months ago live companies of Italian troops under command of Major
Tosselli were BUrjirised and surrounded by a force nf 26.000 Abyssinians. Tin11 tal inn - made a desperate resistance und fought until their
ammunition was exhausted, when
the Abyssinians charged upon them
massacring nearly ihe whole force.
Fourteen Italian officers and over
700 men were killed.   Only a small
number of the Italians succeeded
in breaking through the beleaguering line and making their escape to
Mukalle. Subsequently the Abyssinians besieged Makalle ami, aflei
practically reducing it, allowed the
the place with
iggage.   Afterward
Messrs. Jones, Spink and Finbow
have disposetl of the Inland Sentinel of Kamloopa to Mr. Wm. Baillie,
former proprietor of the Vancouver
Budget (Liberal). The Sentinel
was always an excellent paper under the former's management, but
the latter proposes cbunges in the
line of improvement.
Mayor Sulro's correspondence to
Washington, eedorsed with il
■.-end, " Huntington wouldn't
a red-hot stove," was refused transmission by the postal authorities.
The authorities evidently believe it
is wrong to make such a statement
concerning Huntington, nnd probably they are right.
SCIENTISTS say the Gomel
will miss the earth. It ii
equally true how MeLeod can Hi
vim si. wonderfully with u suit of
clothes in the very latest style.
See our Stock of Spring und Summer Goods.    :::::::
2i|McLE0D, The Tailor
'2.N Victoria Crescent.
Citv Auctioneer
AN" Commission Merchant
BAIiBS conducted in Wellington, Union
mi.I Adjoining DlstrloU,
Johnston Block, Nanaimo.
  Iseveral   minor   engagements  were
ti    •  i   i i■   V* c ..   .        ,.      fought  until   lust  week, when tbe
rhe inhabitants of that portion | fom,s o{ Kj      M(,1|(,,i|c *;,.-.,.„,,. ,„,.
of Wellington winch has been ln-|ojtner (U1(,  w°rge |1(.f(..a
corporated have now set up a bowl
that they "have to go out into the
country for their mail," tbe post-
office being located beyond the pale
of the corporate limits. Who is to
blame for this state of affairs?
For purposes of distinction, it.
might lie as well to designate the j
incorporate and unincorporate sections of that settlement ns Wellington Within and Wellington Without.
upon   the
combined forces of the Italians.
Sir John Sehullz bus been interviewed by a representative of the
Manitoba Kree Press with reference
to the immigration question. Sir
John seems tn think that the difficulty of getting tho settler on the
land is not. so great as that of keeping him there, the true test of administrative ability'. Sir John says,
lies in lhe mi > adopted to retain
In publishing his thoughts of
South Africa Btuarl Cumberland inserted a blank page headed "What   ^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^
1 Think of Cecil Rhodes." The pub-!	
Ushers have cut out the blank page  nrlanO'Lynn had no boou to wear,
U,        ,      *   ,      ,i    , iii      sn he enitie in Nnnnlinn tn i.iiv him n nnlr
ie legal advice that it would be  »pji have ono natrof {hick una one pair of Hill
In order to assist the unemployed, Situations Wanted and
Situations Vacant will be advertised in "The Mail" free of charge.
•   (4
LA KG E CONSIGNMENT of Fall Goods from
to a consignment of famous West of England,
ith which are open for inspection. This con-
ninent undoubtedly comprise the best material
it has ever boon imported to this city. We
guarantee the latest style in suits in every detail,
and tho fit exact. :::::::::::
Our reputation continues to take the lend over all
other establisments.    ::::::::::
Merchant Tailor,
Commercial Street.
1—at 2ne. per pound.
2—at 40c.   "
P. S.
«      "   3—at 50c.   "
«   4—at()()e.   "
5 lbs. M. M. at $1.50.
-Assam, Souchong, Ceylon, Orange Pekoe,
best produced. Our own Blended Coffee at 35c.   Cannot be beat.
Opposite Gibson Block, Commercial St.
be  ■'■hi h,m o pair of thick Midi
ii I cm and wlillflold's," says iirinii O'Lynn,
(ind is not in the hurricane or in
the earthquake; but in the still,
small voice. Tbe world will not be
reformed by ironclads and armies,
but by woman.
M. M, .MinittiiMiriiiii. Ethical Sueh'iy, N. Y.
It is five years since ihe Dominion Parliament wns elected, l-'ive
years is tbe life of a parliament
under our system.
It remains to be explained how
the ministry in Spain were respons-
ihle for the bail generalship in Africa.
'I he new coal trust bents them nil
foi bigness and jjnoh.—DetmjtJounuil
u.'i.ii'i.ii.'.i n urn.'
Ito saw Whitfield'i
lli' hnliti'.l tin' Mitre- all ill..tin Uii> inillti mute.
sni. he: "The riuhi .me I'vonol rot round out,
I unlit Whitliel.l    I'll l.nv ..lily from linn.
K..r he fell*- the Cheapest,   says llritut O'Lynn.
n-gal of Alter! streetI
i .-lj.il   Niire 'tun* ii Irenl;
Ito opened the door and Oeorae stood within—
" I've round it ni in.t." Myi Brian O'Lynn,
We showed lilm nuroall boota, kid and cowhide,
The ones we praise must no soania..t ihe side.
We've bootaof all kinds from Quebec and Itorlln,
"Mure you've boots tot the million," lays Itrlui.
O'Lynn, [notraahi
lie hniitrhl him hlHhi.iilH, WhlOh nf OOUraO tver.
lie i.ni.i down iii* money, f-.r we tell t.niv foi
TO tUD pllbllP llOinyS! "lie nnl Inl.. ii III.   [cash,
liny i.iiiy from wiiiiiicbi," says Brian Oxynn
"If I here'* ti ten It III lhe hie or M.le. tif vnnr Kline,
.linn Inke II In v. hilllel.l. that's nil yon ttOOd tin:
lie tt III pea II nr patch i'i*|l while yon nre in,
All.I lhe "Inlrite leetni like untitling," says Jlrllltl
WHITFIELD, the Shoe Man,
Victoria ORMostrr- Nanaimo,
Agent for the Dominion Buildins and Loan Association,
Subscribed Capital 82,250,000.
No entrance fees unless loans nre accepted.    Money advanced
within '20 days of application.   All  terms  and   agreements are in black and white, so you can understand them,
Insurance   Companies.
Royal, Queen,
London and Lancashire,      London and Canadian*
Quebec of Ontario.
THE MAIL, the People's Paper, $2 a Year SEWERAGE SYSTEM
Tenders for Plans Invited by
the Council.
Contract for   Pipes  Awarded—Aid.
Westwood Questions the City's
Right to Fire Hall Lot.
A full board was present at the Council meeting on Monday evening, when
the following business wns transacted i
From Tally Boyce, auditor, stating lie
liml examined the aucounts for the past
month ami found them correct. Received and tiled.
From Mr. J. McGregor, stating lie had
received the communication regarding
the oltl court house and jail and would
use his best endeavors toward socurlng
pense should be taken into consideration, ns at present a lot of other necessary work was needed; Aid. Morton
spoke warmly in favor of calling for tenders for plans of the work ; Aid. Foreman
favored the motion, as be thought tbe
work of draining the streets could not be
carried out otherwise; Aid. Wilson was
in favor of devoting the finances to the
purposes for which thoy are raised, not
to spend any special rate for street purposes j A'd. Bradley, while he considered
the grade essential, thought it could be
obtained from the grade as given to
the different lots ; Aid, Morton explained
that a general plan of the grade was
necessary, so that it could be located
when wanted. Finally tbe u,otion carried.
Aid. Foreman's motion providing for a
sidewalk nn Franklyil street from .Milton
street to the hospital was called up, and
Aid. Wilson saitl before <the motion
was put he would like ttiknov what bad
Mayor Davison replied that the rules
provided for the Council were indefinite
and did not go far enough, so that it became absolutely necessary to adopt the
rules of parliamentary procedure. He
was afraid that, if such procedure was
not adopted, some of the meetings would
be beyond control.
Aid. I'lanta stated he did not complain
of tbe ruling, but would like to know
the authority for his own guidance,
The Mayor replied that his authority
was "Cushing's Parliamentary Procedure."
Tbe motion to adjourn was then put
and carried.
San Francisco Coul Market.
Prices of coal are quoted in .San Francisco as follows:
Wellington  *J8 00
New Wellington     8 00
S.mtlilieltl     7 50
.Seattle   $5 00f«5 50
Bryant    5 50
C'ofis liav     4 60
Wnllscud     (i 50
Scotch     7 50
Brymbo    7 60
Cumberland, in built $18.50; sacks 15 00
Pennsylvania Anthracite Egg.... 18 00
Welsh Anthracite Egg	
Caiinel      "     8 00
Rock  .Springs,  Castle  Gate  anil
Pleasant Valley     7 00
Harrison's circular says: "Extremely
lid. Sinclair's motion providing for an light imports for the past 80 days have
  •      ,     ,,i    ' I eight-foot sidewalk on Wellington street served to materially reduce some of our
heiropinion the corporation should bear L        ^ ^  ^ ^  llmlt   Uolonial grades, particularly Wallsend,
the expense of removing the fence from j re. of which there is at present very little in
the street.   Laid over for discussion. ,     ,, . , „    ,      stock and but a small quantity to arrive
moved to DtinBinulr avenue and Bryden iM   the m.xt few ,„„,;,■,„,   gome sales
street, was read. | were made last month of outside grades
Aid. Wilson thought that a six-foot Iof Australian at seemingly very low figures.   We know some poorer classes of
Newcastle are sold below (is., and freights
have been taken at lis,    Freights have
most popular promenade in the city, but; since advanced Is. per tun, ami it is
was willing to accept Aid. Wilson's sug- generally believed that producers will
,,.,„,; mark up their output shortly, so that
.,, « r,     ,,,-.,, , i future contracts will beat better figures.
Aid. McDonald objected, however, and j That is already assured, as better oilers
' said it wns the principal promenade and are already being made without finding
I should have a good sidewalk. i sellers.   The recent welcome rainfall in
Aid, I'lanta—1 beg to remind your worship thutquito a number of school teachers live mi the townslte.
The motion carried.
Aid. McDonald moved, seconded by
Aid. Sinclair, that the contractor for the
       , .,, ,.,.      ,f the sidewalk on Haliburton street be re-
The Street coniinitlee  re petition  Of
quested to sign the contract and com-
todeposit ashes near railroad. Adopted. I m*nLl'e tnB "'"'';■, ,      ,    ,.
,,,,     ,.. ,      ,,, ,   ,.,   i ,i,        ill is nullum led  to a  lengthv tiisi'iis-
llie Hnance committee reported the   . .    . *  .      ,
. ,     . ,   ,    ,. i sum ns lo the necessity for a motion al
io! owing warrantB for February: .... ,',      .
1 ready virtually passed  by the Council,
Finally, however, the motion carried.
,   .    ,    i ,      ..I i become of the report regarding the state-
tie object desired, although the law re- .   ,      ,     \     ,      .. , .
.   ,J ,,     ,,. .   .   ,      ,, ,    ment of work ordered, as it appeared to
quired all public property to be sold by i, .    ,,      ,   ,    , ,,     ,     . ,"    ,
1 ' i    i     - ' I him the whole of the street funds were
lining used for sidewalks.
Aid. Foreman said the statement would
be put in next Monday night.
Aid. Morton thought the work was necessary and should be dune.
The motion was then put and carried.
property to be sold by
unction. Received and filed.
From K. E. Gosnell, stating on behalf
of the Government that it was unnecessary to send a committee re appropriation for schools, as Mr, J. McGregor had
already eattendeil to tbe matter. Ke-
ceived und filed.
From the Hospital Board, stating In
Goal Mines feulafa Act
Examination for Colliery Man-
agei—Certificate of Competency.
A Pull Assortment ut tbe Lowest Market Rutes
The Pending Campaign ftt^"
' '      ' ABOHIBALD DICK,
Chairman of Board
Nanaimo, Jan. 21, 189U.
From 8. Gough, secretary of the School
Board, applying for a credit of $1076.80
for tbe month of February.   Granted.
From the Fire Department, asking for
street line in front of the site of the old
fire hall on Wharf street, as they wished
to erect a frame building thereon. Ke-
oelved and laid over for discussion.
From the Street committee, recommending that Victoria road and Need-
ham si reel, lie graded and slumped ; also
a section of street near the corner of
Wentworth and Kennedy street be repaired as soon as practicable. The former part of the report was adopted; the
latter portion was received ami Bled,
Elijah Bray recommended he be allowed
mt I. A
■timniitlee reported
sidewalk would answer the purpose.
Alt!. Sinclair contended this was the'
surlng us a bountiful harvest, may later
on lead to an improvement In outward
grain freights and will cause shipowners
to seek this port for business. As 80 per
cent, uf the foreign material imported
will lie coal, we may naturally expect
liberal shipments about the last of the
year. There is at present listed to load
and now afloat for this port from Sydney
and Newcastle over 100,000 tons capacity
(all coal), Some of these vessels may
j not load for a few months yet. There is
due tn arrive in the next 60 days from
Australia fully 40,000 tons of coal."
Public works  f1,108 00
'I'.ilice and jails         82S.08
Viiv Clerk's office      255.14
Schools   1,078.00
Cemetery         8.00
Miscellaneous       98.60
Alfred Austin receives a salary of
..iLisn:, o, „;.„  .',.ans. i*360 ,l yeaf as, Poet 1'iureate, and
,    Plans were inspected from Messrs. T. ! (l!'Vl"'s ;l ba(* S1»-!l7 f.r"m the tlme
IIIUST H'MTJ BIDBWALK. ' °f ^tltiySOTt S dentil    .11   1892.      lhe
J* X. Doheson, I. Sharpies and James PeoPle are to bu congratulated that
... 2,054.07 Kelley, and Mayor Davison suggested J16 ls "?! required to write poetry
md the a,- that a co littee he appointed to report :t0 ear" "••-•,■*>•"■* salary—so there is
I on the plans next Monday evening, and Iamutual  beneflt ,n thls arran2<
Is of vital interest to the
people of British Columbia.
In order to keep posted on
the issues of the campaign
Will find it to your interest
to read Tins Mail—not occasionally, but regularly. To
enable you to do this the
paper will be mailed to any
address three months for
an examination for -Managers' Certificates of Competency under the above Act
will be held at Nanaimo on or about the
Second Thursday of April, 1896.
Candidates intending to present them- [
selves at such examination must, on or;
before the lirst day of April, 1896, notify
such intention to the Chairman of the
Hoard, from whom all particulars can be
Applicants for examination must not
be less than I'll years of age, and must
have had at least two years' experience
underground In a coal mine (or mines).
Along with tbe application they must  ~ —
also semi a certificate of service from Office Tel. to. P.O.Boxlo. Residenoe Tel. Ml.
their present or previous employer.
TAKE NOTICE that there "will also 	
be an examination as above mentioned •»,.    -«-    ,,TT,.„^.	
" ion in the month of August, 1896. J[. J#   HUBERT & CO.
Promptly Attended to.
Tin and Sheet-Iron Work.
Victoria Crescent, Nanaimo
Farm for Rent
known as the Starks Estate, offered for
rent, subject to approval of the court.
About all acres under cultivation, with
all  necessary  barns,  dwelling-house
ami store buildings. It also comprises
a splendid orchard of four acres in good
healthy condition.   This farm is situated about six miles from the city.
Received Uc to Monday, Mabcii 2nd,
For further information apply to
D. S. McDonald,
Guardian of Estate, Haliburton St.
Fifty Cents.
Payable in advance; or it
will be sent FREE for three
month.*, to any person forwarding a list of six subscriptions for three months
at the above rate.
The report was received
counts ordered paid.
The Road Foreman reported work done that they remain ns a bridge committee
•during the week on I'rideaux street ami until the work is finished,
the alley-way on the Sabiston-Wileox     Aid. I'lanta moved the appointment
•estate.   Received and filed. of the committee, to consist of Ald.Fore-
The committee appointed re petition'man, Sinclair, Martell and Westwood.
■of R. Guest for informer's fees obtained Seconded by Aid, Bradley and carried,
fuither time to report. Aid. Westwood asketl why the report
DKFEB11ED HUSINRSS. on the lines for lots ii and li on the Hirst
Tbe communication from the Hospital estate was not brought In.
llloard, hy Marcus Wolfe secretary, was,     Aid. Foreman replied that Aid. West-
,on motion of Aid. McOunaltl, seconded w I had promised to furnish him with
by Alii. Wilson, referred to the street information on certain mailers, which
committee to report al next meeting,     ; he lie had failed to do- consequently the
Aid. Bradley moved, seconded bv Aid, report could not he brought in until
jMeDonald, that (lie request of the Fire next Monday night.
Kevier House
MRS. JAS. HAWKING, (hue of the
Temperance House) desires to express her thanks to the public for
former patronage, antl now begs to
slnte that the Revier House has
been comfortably arranged for the
accommodation of boarders, steady
or transient. Single or double rooms
with hot or cold water baths, and
electric light in each room. Everything strictly lirst-cltiss and charges
moderate. Remember the house, a
half-minute's walk from tbe old
stand north.
Funeral Director and Embalmer
Graduate of lhe Oriental, the Eureka,
the New York and Clttrk'H
Schools of Embalming,
1, 3 and 5 Bastion St., Nanaimo
ment in the present instance.
The British propose to spend
$5,000,000 in adding to the military
and naval equipments at Gibraltar.
itled bvAld.
of the Fire
department be granted.
Aid. Westwood asketl what right they
hatl to build on other people's property,
ami opposed any Interference in the
^matter by Council.
Mayor Davison said that was a (pies- to build so closely to their oilier prop
tion between the File Department and erty, which he went on to show was no'
the Hirst.estate. business-like.
Aid. Planta coincided with the Mayor, Aid. Wilson was sure it would be ben-
but thought the department should fur- efleial tn the city If the receiver of the
nish a guarantee thai the land was un- estate would have a Mule regard for the
Aid. Planta said lhe Council had no
right to refuse to give them the line and
moved Ihat it he given them ; seconded
by Aid, .Morton, who took the receiver
of the Hirst estate to task  for deciding
dermlned, an the Hirst estate was required to. He ma.lc a motion to that
effect, seconded by Aid. Sinclair.
Aid. Wilson understood from the communication sent by the engineer to the
.Council last year that the whole of that
property was undermined,
Aid. Morton thought it was only just
that this demand should he made of the
department.   The amendment carried.
The following tenders were received to
furnish the best vitrified tile drain pipe:
George Hay—Delivered free on wharf,
4-inch, 18e. per foot; 0-iiu-h, title; 8-inch, J that further consideration lie postponed
width of the street.
Aid. Westwood claimed that the street
would still be 00 feet wide, and he (ailed
to understand how they were making it
A Id. M a rtell—A s A Id. U'csl wood represents the llirsl estate und also the city,
don't see why he foul I not compromise,
The motion carried.
Aid. Planta moved, seconded by Aid.
Sinclair, that the Council go into committee to Consider the Revenue Amend-
Aid. Bradley moved an amendment
Wiieueas, Under and by virtue of subsection 184 of section' 104 of the municipal Act, 1.HH2, every municipality
may, under the conditions contained
in saitl sub-su'tion, borrow from any
person such sum of money and bearing such rate of interest as may be
requisite to meet the legal current ex-
peiniitureof the corporation which he-
tomes payable out of the annual revenue before the revenue lor the year he-
comes payable by the taxpayers; and
Wiieueas, To meet the legal current expenditure of the Corporation of the
City of Nanaimo for the year 1896,
payable out of their annual revenue
before such revenue for such year becomes payable by ihe taxpayers, it is
requisite for the Ba.d corporation to
borrow the sum of six thousand dollars i
The Best Printing Material
and tho knowledge to use it
to the best ell'ect.
All accounts due the Estate of John
Hilbert must be paid on or before the
16th of January, 1896, to Mary Jane
Hilbert, Bastion Street. All outstanding accounts after that date will be
placed in the hands of a collector, with
full instructions to press for same. In
future the business will heeonducted by
Nanaimo, Jan. 8rd, 1800.
Bakery and
Invites Inspection and Comparison
as to Quality and Price.
Awarded First Prize at the Agricultural Show.
The Nanaimo Bakery Excels
I Bastion Street, opp. Telegraph Office
Try'em Yourself
^ Scotch Bakery
ring not changed hands—only one or the
partners has retired; but
Our Celebrated Bread
Is made by the same hands, nnd customers oan depend upon getting the same
Sweet Bread and
Fresh Cakes .
The Popular Bakers.
- (x\i
House Painters
■ present Proprietor,
s^rliijgtorj Hotel
S^1? Pail?teFS
WHARF STREET.   -  Posloffice Box 71
DP"Orders left at R. Lukoy's Printing Office, Bastion .St., will be promptly
attended to.
LAMPS, Etc. etc.
Bibds AND Animals set up in a thorough workmanship manner.
On Hand—Fonr tine Peers' Heads,
whioh will lie sold for price of setting
them up. Also a tine case of Birds.
p. s. Mcdonald.
69 Haliburton Street, Nanaimo.
28u; 10-inch, 42o; l2,ipqJi,67oi 14-inch,
75c; and 16-ineh, 95c.
J. W. Keller—On board scow in Victoria; 6-inch, 19',,'e; 7-ini'h, 2:i'...c; 8-
inch, 27c; 9-inch, ?Bo; 10-inch, H8c; 12-
incb, 63c; 14-incb, 7;!c;  15-Inch, 88c;
indefinitely, as  be   failed   to sec what
advantage was to be gained by It,   Aid,
McDonald Hci'ondcd.
Aid. Planta said the old by-law bad
so many Maws that it was considered essential  tu  have the  by-law in  proper
16-inch, $1.10;  18-inch, $l.-"0; 2,1-inch, J legal form in which there were no tech-
♦1.47K; 22<-inoh, $1,85; 24-inch, $2.16.
\V. McCapo, for B. C. Pottery Co.—Delivered at railway station: 6-inch, 18c;
8-inch, 20c; 10-inch, 39c; 12-inch, 50c;
and larger sizes in proportion.
Tho prices the Council have been paying for pipes during the paBt year were
compared, and the figures given by Mr.
McCape -were found (ar below them.
Aid. Foreman stated, providing the
quality was all right,lie would favor Mr.
McCape being awarded the contract, and
Aid. Planta moved that Mr. McCape
be awarded the contract fur any piping
■required during the present year.   Seconded by Aid. Morton and carried.
Aid. Martcll's motion regarding the
proposed light on Strickland street was
Aid. Morton's motion providing for
levels being obtained for a sewerage system was adopted, tenders to be called
foi; the plans.
This motion gave rise tn some discussion.   Aid. Bradley though I that the ex-
that   could   be wrongly con-
Aid. Morton spoke iu  favor of Aid.
Planta's motion, but thought the matter |
should he laid over to compare the two '?e 0om.,uil ™ required, beaHnstinterest
1 I at a  rate not excee
Having completed the erection of the Arlington
lintel it! NANOOSK HAY, this handsome und
commodious hotel is now prepared to receive
and comfortably entertain travelers and others,
Therefore he it enacted hy the Mayor and Is presided over hy Mrs. Thompson, ami the
Aldermen of tin Corporation "f the City. Tablod'Hote constantly provided with all tlte
of Nanaimo ae follows: dcllonclos of the season. Combined with the
1.    From and after the final passage elegant furnished apartments, the visitor finds
of this By-law it shall be lawful for tne I the surroundings of the most pleasant desortp-
Mayor and  Finance Committee of the, dim.
Council of the Corporation of the City of J     ; *
.Nanaimo lo borrow upon tbe credit of j CltV  Mtll'lvCt
the said Corporation from any person or | 	
persons, linn or linns, corporation or cor-1 "^
porations, who may be willing to advance the same, the sum of six thousand
dollars iu such amounts ami at such
times as the same may in the opinion of
the Mayor and Finance Committee of
^ommercial Hotel,
Corner Commercial anil Bastion Sts.
This long-established lintel is comfortably
fitted up tvltli superior net'oinniodn-
tions for travelers and others.
i    Notiel.nl ihe host brands of wines, Liquors,
( Ales mul cigars dispensed at the imr.
T. O'CONN Klj, Prop.
Aid. McDonald saitl the old by-law
had been drawn up by n legal gentleman
and he believed it to be equal to tha
present one.
The amendment was lost, and Aid.
Morton then moved an amendment that
Wh((e In committee the by-law be compared with lhe old one.
Before the motion was put Aid. Mur-
tell moved adjournment.
Aid. Planta attempted to speak, but
was reminded by the Mayor that a motion to adjourn was not, debatable.
Aid. Planta said, while he was aware
of that fact, he begged that his worship
would state his authority for his rulings,
as they were entirely new to him, although be had no doubt the rulings were
ipiito correct,     lie   merely  wanted to
know what rules they were goyerppd !>y.
ling nine per cent,
per annum.
2. The moneys so borrowed shall be
expended in defraying the legal current
expenses of the saitl Corporation for the
year 1896, and shall, together with the
interest thereon, be repayable and repaid to tha lender or lenders thereof on
or before the lllsl day of December, 1896,
out of the municipal revenue for the
said year.
B, The acknowledgment of such lia-
lilllty shall be in the form of a promissory note or nolcs signed by the Mayor
and Clerk and the Finance Committee
of the said Corporation.
4. This By-law may be cited as the
"Annual Loan By-law, 1896."
Passed by the Municipal Council on
the 84th day of February. 189,8.
AHirnied bv the Municipal Council on
the 2nd tlay of March, 1SII6.
\Xb.\       j' "• DAVIS0N'. Mam-
—   .\n.ut Thompson, C. M.C,
Wholesale and Retail Butchers
P.O. Box 227 Telephone 7-8
Ask for   -:-      (OhampaonkCidisb
1 Soda >\ atku
Lawrences te^-L
Manufacturer ot Teraporanoe Drinks, svr:ips,,te.
Delivered free to all purls of olty and vicinity.
£ett* I'lompi intention paid to shipping orders.
Telephone8-4. P.O. Box79, Nanaimo.
c. c. Mckenzie,
Land Agent and Conveyancer,
Town Loisiiiut FiirnjB for Bale,   Money to Loan
0*1 MorlKtfitt'ill low rutes.
Agent for the United Ore Insurance Company
ol Mttiichcsler, JjiiKbtud.
I*. O. Box •>->r>. Telephone 7-».
Nanaimo Meat Market,
Wholesale and Retitil Dealers in nil kinds of
_.    Fresh and Salt Meats,
"'"   Sausages, Etc ,
Mi-nts Delivered—
To iniy ptirt oftho City free of eluirjre.
special Attention paid to Shipping Orders,
A Trial Solicited.
Lodge Notices.
Inkerman Lodge, No, 325, Sons of St.
Oeorge.—Re(tular weekly meeting is held
in Hubert's Hull, Wharf street, on SATURDAY evening »t 7:30 o'uloek, Visiting
brethren cordially Invited to attend,
i'HKi). Waostakf, See.
People who Appreciate -,
Have their prescriptions dispensed al
Their Prices arc Right, Telephone 8,
NaMimoBusmess Directory
BARKER .ti POTTS, Barristers niid Solicitors.
Cointneroial sheet.
n   v. cam:. Barrister and Bolloltor, Boom 11,
u.  Johnston Block.
MclXXES A: Mt'IXXU.t,   Barristers, Koom  6,
Johnston Block, Commercial street,
YARWOOD A  Yol'Xii. Itiirrisiers, corner ol
Commercial and Bastion streets.
rp  HARDY, Botanic Drnggist, Winfleld Ores-
J-.  cent.  Try Hardy's Pile Ointment.
Bit. MASOK, Dentist.   Extracting a specialty,
Qasund atheradminlstored.
Oltlce, Odd-Kollow'e Block, Nanaimo.
W.i. COBRY, it D, s., Green Block.
•  class work guaranteed.
«'   proprietors.   Victoria Crescent
ini.l family recipes a
Bsoent. Dispensing
pedal ty.
iitnvKi.i., atkins, WATSON co., Limited.
Medical Hall, corner Commercial and Bastion streets.  Telephone l-8*fi.
VAXAIMO  DYE  WtiliKS.-IiyeliiK, Cleaning
-I*   ami Repairing   U Xteol street.
C. f lUlti.To.v, Manager.
MARSH, Wholesale Dealer in  Kish and
Game, Bastion street, Xaiiaiino.
Pi   lorin Crescent
W. Stkki., Proprietor—Vic
A    Proprietor.    Yietortis crescent.
WOLFE, Fitianciitl ami Insurance Agent,
Johnston Block.
r    Bastion street.
Heal Estate Brokers,
TAYLOR, Dealer In nil kinds (if New and
Second-Hand Furniture, and Fancy Articles of every description.
Next to Quenuell's, commercial strcot.
Aiiy one who has experienced tho vexation of having ;• good fence spoiled by the
posts boins llftoil, and heaved out of place
hy the action o£ tho frost will readily ap
predate a post whioh in not materially
affected hy the caprlolousness of tho
weather. Huch a post Is shown In Fig i.
It i.s made uf \4 Inch round iron, bent as
shown in the 'tit. nnd the ends cemented
in a block of stone in whioh boles have
'■ 0. X
Been drilled to recotvt them. Any rough
sfcono.of sufficient weight will do If nut
too hard to:- drilling. Tho loop is sufficiently wide to receive the ends at the two
rails abreast. Posts made in this way
have great stability for the small amount
of iron used, and will be found strong
enough for any ordinary fence. The
fence can be finished in different styles, if
made an all-rail fonoe winch is the
simplest. Tho rails "paps'' at. the joint
in the post and gluts aro fitted in to kt dj
the rails Hit-., desired dlstanoe apar;. pjgt
9 show*' how a picket fence may be made
in this style, "in oritor to hav, a straight
face for the pickets ami yet fill the space
in tho post, the rails are hutted together
at the posts, and a piece of rail nailed on
the track to ke-op them together. Kip. '■'
ie a combination fence; pieces of rail are
nailed vortical to k,**ep tho lop rail in
place and also to staple the wire to.
1 ht  t «   ntrv Viiril.
The flocks lire pets as well as sources of
profit, and it in when the poultry man has
a fondness for the business that lie makes
It pay. When a man is Interested In
poultry because he has what may lie
termed the "hen fever'' he will know
every member of his ho k. Such person*-
ore novel satisfied unless they are near
tin tup in excellence of breed, and they
will always he found ready to lean, what
the different breed;-*: are, Th*y also usually begin at ihe bottom aud work up to
the head and never venture to keep very
largo flocks until they have experimented
and discovered hy practical experience
what .*- required for snoces-*-. The fan ier
should do tho same, He can bo a fain '.< r
an well as a farmer, am. when he has
learned more about 'he breeds lie wm
find thai hi formerly knew very little
about poultry. There if an opportunity
lor ovary  farmer  to make a profli from
\ I try if he will  stop   our.  of   ihe old
methods and take up the new. It takes
time and money t< make a business nl
poultry, and hew ..-i hut few large poul
try fnrtui- heoaust farmers have not been
willingK pntsufll :ienl oap tal In) onltry,
and an disponed to « xpect tu i much rora
Hmall outlay. With tho markets ol the
large oitto* almost' ..: their door-;, and
watering places and pleasure ivso;*ts with-
iii oasy reach, tlu keeping of poultry ns a
special no m pa tion should he rem urn ra
tivi But tht farmer must learn more.
I?e must abandon the supposition tha;
throwing down plenty of food is alone
Buflloiont The great drawback ts disease,
and overfeeding also becomes a- groat a
mistakt •.*• exposure on 'ho farm in
winter. Poultry is recognized by the
agricultural journals as a eonrce of
revenue to farmers, and every effort it
made to educate thom. If farmers will
take a deepei Interest In poultry they
wiJi have something coining in nearly
every day of th< year, and derive mure
benefit than front larger '■tool:.
livery dollar saved In the fond is an
addition to the profit bnt economy should
never be practised Ln uslntuvny funds that
induce production As leap as an article
Ie giving satisfaction,li pays to use it. and
when tbe lions begin to fall off in laying
it indicates thai they require something
nine To prif-tiso eoonomy.the cost of tho
food must he .i nslderod from tiie stand-
point of profit If corn has given good
results and the hens cease to lay, then
corn if no longer heap. It may no doubt
he purchased at lesi- outlay than any
other food that can be used, hut it will
not be rhoap because it is of no further
use after the hem reach a condition in
which they demand a new article of diet
Lean meat, fresh iron, the butcher, is an
expensive food when it cannot be con
veniontly procured, yet, if tbe hen* demand 11 und the results are favnrahif.it
Ik cheaper than urn, There U nn saving
In baying grain because of Its cheapness
when battel foods are demanded, and i; is
tha- point that the poul try man should
keep in view He should feed for eggs,
no matter what kino of food may be re
tj wired
Late chicks are killed in the fall and
kept ir. oold storage during tho winter.
doming into market soon alter the holiday rush Is ever and the supply begins to
fall off. Tht < old storage chicks are sold
ae early broilers in the sprint*- and bring
good prices. Contrary to expectation,
enid storage poultry, while reducing
prices slightly, opens a market for fall
ohlckens and assists in increasing the
number of fowls on tho farms. In proof
of this it may be mentioned that a review of the markets for the past five
years will shew hotter prices during tho
fall season than existed before the cold
storage process became general. What is
lost in winter prices is gained in the summer and fall. Cold storage stock cannot
compete, however, with fresh, choice
poultry. It-is only the inferior kinds that
are injured in sale by the frozen stock.
The same may he said of limed eggs.
They will sell because thoy possess a certain value,, but they are almost unsalable
after the full supply of fresh eggs begins
to arrive.
Whenever » warm spell comes in winter it can be noticed that more eggs are
obtained, and that as soon as the weatlier
becomes cold again the supply falls off.
This shows that warmth Ir a factor in
tho production of eggs. It is not Deoes*
Bory   to  have  Bummer  weather.   It is
whon the hens escape the extreme cold of
wint-er that they should begin to lay.
If the changes of weather make a differ-
. enoe in laying, then a warm poultry house
should also have an influence. When
poultry must resort to the tree tops and be
exposed to snow, rain, hail and wind,
they can only keep alive, being nnahlo to
assist the farmer by produolng ogps.
In all breeds Will be found noma fowls
that are worthless, Unless careful selection of the breeding stock is made before
March it will be too lato. Whatever the
conditions may be. or the breed preferred,
aim to secure vigor, and especially be
careful not to allow a bird In the flock
that has been sick or that came from a
farm on which were sick fowls. Bo cautious on that point, and il will save many
hours that would otherwise be used in
doctoring the flock.
Ducks become weak in the lees and
die whon fed too much grain, and they
cannot, he fed the same food as the hens
without liability of loss v. i farmers will
feed all kinds of poultry together and on
tho some food. A dnog's ogg is very
large, and as Un ks- lay nearly every day
after they begin, the tax on them ln oge
production is a severe ono. What they
require most is animal food and bulky
material, such as lean meat or ground
moat and uut clover, scalded, though
bran and ground oai». * oistonod, should
also be allowed. Just as soon as thu
ducks indicate lameness it is a sure slg.ll
that too much grain is being fed and tiie
nitrogenous food insufficient.
Geese seem to be BUfJiolontly wise not
to bring forth ther young too soon, but
they hate:; the goslings early enough to
iose some of them unless the farmer is
careful. Tin goslings are coverod only
with down, which permits them to be-
come chilled if they go on points of oold
water before they are well feathered. Hy
keeping them away from tllO water When
they are young they should thrive nnd no
losses occur, as they are usually hardy
und have good appetites,
Hisialwimr in Klttier Sarin or Silk.
We are constantly on the alert for anything new in the way of skirts, and sometimes we grasp at genuinely ugly deslgna
simply because they are new. It is best
to go a hit slow with tlte newest tiling,
Until one can see some unfortunate friend
in one of the new patterns.and thus proilt
by her sad experience,
Two rules are bound to bo observed in
ihe making of skirts, if you wish them
to bo strictly "good form." Firut, they
should tli like a glove about the hips;
secondly, they must Hare like nn umbrella
FAMILIAR   HYMNS.      great AGE OF palmetto trees.
•.rrsr as I am."
y^f %
Cave <»t Son *-■
A Canadian, in an address before a
swine breeders' association of Canada, advises the withholding of all food except
warm drinks for 18 hours aftor farrowing: then feed lightly on ground oats,
bran or shorts for nine or ten days, after
which give boiled feeds ana mi* with a
small qunutlty of bran and shorts. The
youngsters may be given boiled peas
and milk until weaning, which should he
from seven to eight weeks of age. Aftor
this event add shorts to boiled peas by
degrees, changing to ground feed, a mixture of pens, oats, ryv- and bnokwheat,
with ai cess to salt, oharooal ana ashes,
He offered the following advice'
"At three months ol ngt the sow?
shun r. be spayed an operation seldom
performed in this oountry, and one r.hat
is just as necessary as to castrate boars:
sows dii so much bettor when spayed,
After they are old enough to come in.
whenever there art- a number of them together. ■ here is always one to annoy tho
rest; not only that, but when you come
to slaughter them there Is sure to be some
of than, in Season, in which state they
are not tit for killing, Spaying Is an
operation which any ordinary person
can perform. It is only necessary t>
starve th) sows until empty, get two assistants, have the animal held or. Its side,
and with thi use -f u good knife and a
rosh noodle the operation can bo performed in a very short lime, it is not neces
sary te have them starved, only as it. is
easier for the operator and there is not su
much danger, iv •; le iii gem ra! are
afraid *■ try spnving, Do nol be afraid,
II you don't like u undertake It, jusl put
Komt .-; v who has start*'.' t<» take notice
•i woi... It has got to bi learned by practice ; i rformetl myitis; operation sue-
■' ^ :,, ■■ wl i n only in yenrs of ace, without any instruction^. It is all in commencing, If the first should be fatal it
> on v ;. ' io! U of three or four d« liars,
and h< loss you will never regret if you
only keep on There is no more danger
Li staying than in castrating when you
fully understand the ou-dnoss. I would
say do It when they are young, bnt for
an ( rrfinary operator a sow about lifj or 75
indi Is easloi to do, a- there is bo much
mor room anil thi parts to be removed
. ; much easier found Vfter the operatic n feed sparing y for a fi w days until
thoy are well, turn thom with the barrows, and if at a season when ther' is
grass et them have clover pasture, aud
very little feed will be required until
large enough to finish ofl for mar kef.
Then they should be closed up antl fed on
pea meal for a month or live weeks or
until they get to dress aho.it ISM pounds,
which can be done without any unnecessary forcing or pavnpering. and there will
be a far better carcass when slaughtered,
and .-'list rhe hog for tho bacon cur or all
seaborn of the year,"
It 111 (Ten Had Hasp* for ii lUi\.
Grain thesis and other useful fcoi.er
may be made on the farm by anyone
bandy with tools. Tbe farmer who has
a passal le set of tools and ingenuity can
always find some kind of wet -weal her
work mors profitable than sitting around
the nearest grocery, tal ting and smoking.
Our illustrations show how to make iron
hinge! and fastenings without recourse to
a blacksmith,   from a strip of hoop-Iron
are out piece* three Inches long, in each
end of which a hole Is driven with a
steel   punch, and afterward*, reamed  out
to  one  quarter of an inch diameter  by
about the feet, and they must be stiffened
and wired to retain their flare, and not to
be allowed to swish and flop Into ungainly shapes,
Tbt box-plaited skirt is one of the
smart new designs xn-y much in favoi
just now, until something more striking
turns up, It takes an enormous quantity
of cloth to make one of these skirts,
much more thau for the skirt of even
more than ordinary llare.
The skirt is fitted by a succession of
seams about the hips, from whioh the
pleats begin hi flare. The pleats should
lie three times as wide at the foot as they
are at the waist to be properly proportioned. All black coeds are used for
these skirts, and they are especially hand
some in satin or silk.
A smart skirt of this sort, hits the inner.
part of the pleats laid In white satin,
while the outside is rich black velvet
The same effect is tarried out in a skirt
of heavy blaok satin, with under piece of
pale tan hroaucloth.
Skirts of evening frocks are especially
tide made In tills way. with undo.- pieces
of deeper toned velvet than the material.
end the outside of tbe pleats (aid over
with rich bands of cobwebby lace.
-■ben u>ilMrc*\ Hi'
nil rto»,p.
EZ3  E
f'&.i   Mini^e.KQ&pand Maplt.
means of a three cornered file in a hit
brace staples are made of thick wire
and one is driven in at each end of the
hinge and clinched to hold it in place,
The clasp is made In the same manner as
the hinges, save thai two holes half an
inch apart are made at one end, and the
slot connecting them out with a tiio or
cold chisel, Tho hasp is bent to a right
angle, the Upper end stapled to the box
cover, and a larger Staple driven so as to
project through the slot at the lower end,—
American Agriculturist.
That to make a delicious blackberry
sherbet the ingredients required are three
quarts of blackberries, one quart of water,
one pint of sugar and the juice of four
lemons. Mash the fruit and sugar together and lot the mixture stand for one
hour, then add the water and place it on
the lire. Cook for twenty minutes after
the liquid begins to boll. At tbe end of
that time strain and cool, and when cool
\i-t ot Walking Well.
Have you ever noticed how few women
walk well:- Nowadays, when the streets
are full of all sort- and conditions oi
women, you have a good chance to watch
the varieties of gait. Very few walk
gracefully. Onogivesyou tiie idea her
feet are too heavy, so unelastlo is hot
tread; another walks as i: she is pursued.
Yet another walk*! as if every step would
jell her to pieces, and then- nre some
students of Delsnrte who are thinking all
the time just how they must do it. and
the result is an affectation worse than any
awkwardness, French women have n
speclalsstyle of walking, pretty enough ln
Us way, and whirl) makes their dresses
hanc better than they do in America.
Thoy throw their whole bodies forward.
keeping them quit* erect all the while sn
thai a line dropped from the ohtn would
touch tiie bosom and then fall sheer t<
the toos. The difference is so marked
that American women art' known at once
in i arts. Most of the ^'irl- who stay lone
er.; ugh in Paris, however, adapt themselves to the Kri m h manner.
Knglish girls have a distinctive walk,
and sttch a walk! They have a s rldi
which is better adapted to flowing (ireefc
draperies than to gored skirts, and thi
resull move* to amazement rather than
to admiration
Walking is an art that deserves to be
cultivated, especially in these athletic
day* In the nld fashioned novel tho aesthetic heroine never walked :*he always
"moved" or "floated airily" or "glided."
I: is strange that woman doesn't realize
that ll Is her mission to be graceful. We
cannot all be pretty: but the charm ol
grnce, even more potent than that o!
beauty, can be aro,;. red Ly any one who
will take tbe tronble. Why should any
Woman he willing tr. make herself ridiculous!- If you want to walk well, hold
yourself erect; don*t throw your shoulders back, tht ugh you have probably often
heard that piece of erroneous advice.
.ilist keep litem .a a natural position.
Don't put your toes down first like a
dancing master, but try to mala- both
heel and ball of the foot touch the ground
at ones. Hold your body firmly, your
head tip, your chin in. ami walk a great
de.il with these things in mind.
I it hu iii SUiy Straight,
Among tbo new fal-lals for neokweaT
there ts ihhu especially devised for the
woman who has uot the an of putting on
such dainty adornment*, successfully or
becomingly, The new make )«■■ shaped
in front. It is slipped ovoi the head,
and lias no ends, of ouurse, it is composed
of   two  rows of very olote m»i trillings,
edged with lace, which WheQ pot on run-
not fail to BdjUlt themselves gracefully lo
the figure. Some ol the prettiest are
iiu.de of white not or E'tSSe, With patterns
in black applique or of a block ground
with white bice applique,
A fichu of soft, filmy material is a
most graceful adjunct ton waist, and la
almost universally becoming, If it is
not properly adjusted, however, It is dll*
figuring, and there is scarcely anv decorative detail to n corsage chat looks so
frumpy and untidy as crookedly arranged
laces. Busy women who have no time to
sdqrii themselves with leisurely care will
find these self-adjusting fichus useful, as
will those who do no; understand the exquisite art of dainty dressing.
No girl should look unkempt in this
day and generation, There are the gold,
silver or jet safety pin*, to fasten skirt
band anil belt in tiie back to keep tiie
former from sagging. There are patent
shoo buttons that can be put on in a
1 winkle. There are tiny comlis and hair-
pins to confine obs reperous locks that
otharwlso would bung like a mussed
shawl fringe over fhroathand and collars.
and, not least of all, for drossy occasions
theW are these adjustable fichus. A clean
ugly girl is Infinitely more attractive
than a pretty flirty girl, it is shocking
to observe how many neglect the apparently trilling details which would improve
their appearance. Ill-kept teeth, linger
nails antl hair, buttonless shoes, ragged
dress braids, lagging waistbands and
soiled, untidy loflOS would detract from
1 ihe personal charms vi a Venus.
Charlwttfl Elliott.
Charlotte Elliott was the daughter of a
Yorkshire squire, Charles Elliott, and was
born In 178ft. On her mother's side she
was the granddaughter of Henry Venn,
Wesley's friend and companion. She was
a gay young girl, ami by education, accomplishments, and an intensely warm
social nature, she was fitted for the com*
panlonship of the frivolous and gay, and
to be with them was her delight.
, This rendered failing health in very
early life an intolerable burden. Her
bright morning was soon beclouded, and
the best physicians told her that her fu-
1 tire life was to be that of an invalid. She
turned to human consolation, but tomid
no rest. The thought ol separation from
s. cues of gttity, and a life of seclusion and
physical weakuess rendered her very sad.
Asyetslu had no saving trust in Christ.
She was not reconciled to God. Iu >-'*..
through the ministrations of Rev. Dr,
MhIhd, oi Geneva, she was led to look to
to Jebiis, ami be saved. Kr< m that date a
new life \vat open to her. The blessed
Spirit had spoken through tho saintly
teacher; her weary boul was free, and in
t hi t hirty-t hird year of her ..fo she rejs iced
iu the smiles of her Saviour. She had a
fine musical ear and poetical taste. !?he
at once consecrated her talents to Uod,
and Edward Irving said he found in her
ai] excellent co-worker, and the great
Wilberforee says she often greatly encouraged him. Though reconciled to God
she was- not yet reconciccd to her lot. She
said: "! am a child of Cod, but 1 am also
an invalid. I am thankful for the former, may I not also be thankful for the
latter! The lessons of resiguation are
haul for me to learn, but are they impossible for me to master}1 I will now undertake thu tusk.!l
Alter -x lew inontlW of lighting and
praying she says: "Oh, how many struggles, and apparently fruitless one-;, it has
eoM me to he resigned to the appointments
of my heavenly Father. Uut the struggle-
is now over. His grace is suflicient for
me. He knows, and He alone, what it is
day after day and hour after hour, to light
against bodily feeling*: of almost overpowering weaknes8,iangnoui and exho us1 -
iou. to resolve and not to yield to depression and Instability, but to rise every day
and follow oue motto. "If any man will be
my disciple let him take up his cross and
follow nn,"
The first morning when she could say,
"I nin resigned to my lot," she took her
pen and sketched the artless over-flowing
of a simple heart in tin- he a utiful hymn,
"My God, my Father, while 1 stray.'1
She lived to be 82 years old. She died
with these words on her lips, ''Mine eyes
shall behold in His beauty the King who
taught me lo say and to sing "Thy will
be done." The Hev, Henry Venn Elliott
always considered this- hymn ol his sis-
tr;'s to have outweighed in Christian
value all his » tvu efforts as a pastor.
The sou-in-law <■;' tho poet Wordsworth
once wrote Miss Klliott, thanking her for
li.i- hymn, and baying thai it had afforded great comfort to his wife on her dying
bed. "When I first read it he slates. "J
ban no sooner finished thai, she suit! very
earnestly." Phnt is the very thing for me!"
A' least, ti u times thai day ski; asked me
to repeat it, aud every morning (mm that
da\ until the day ol ie; death some two
months later, tho first thiug she asked for
was hei hymn. "New my hymn.*'she
wi uld -ay. and sh< wi .:d ■ [ten repeat ,t
after me, line for Hue. in the day and
night. Her last words were, "O. Lamb of
ti.d. I ••( me, I come."
Ui*. Maluii did not attempt to unravel
nil entanglement*, "lieai Charlotte," be
said, "cut the cable : * ;v:ll take too long
ii nloose, iI i ' he h od blows and
the greal ocean Is before you, : i * ■•;.:!; oi
(iod and i-.i ri.ity." She ■ ut i he cable
''Waiting nol Mid how many sin^e have
been able to follow her example—while
singing n* sin gave utterance to her freed
An   K*ti'H<ird)l ;iry Can-.
Another change ha- bee., rung on the
old bell which jangh - oni of tune only In
the ease of married people. This one
e tues from a young man who was away
last summer on his bridal tour. The
newly-wedded' ouplo had stopped for three
or four days at a qulot springs hotel with
a large park about it. and the regulations
prohibited oonples from silting in this
park after nightfall. The young man
didn't know about this rule, ami in the
evening he and his bride, after a pleasant
walk along the hanks of the near-by
river, strolled into tiio park and sal do.\n.
ln a few minutes a watchman approached
'I am very sorry to disturb you'' be
Said politely, "but it is against the rules
for couples to sit ;n the park after 7
"Hut this is my wife," exclaimed lhe
astonished trespasser.
The wati hman fell bat k as if he hud
beeu bit with something,
'Wt.!:," he said in great doubt. ''1
don't know just what to do in such a
case. I never had one like it before, but
I guess I'll let yon stay. The rules don't
say anything about married peoplo. und
1 suppose the folks that made them never
thought anything like this would ever
happen. Good evening," i»nd the bride
and grei m were left to wonder.
tYfiirhi mul Quality Unimpaired.
A man at one of the hotels the other
Bight told an interesting story of how the
freighters in thr far West used to supply
themselves with whisky. He said that
some years »k<j when all freight ou the
frontiers was hauled in wagons, he happened to make a trip of several hundred
miles with a train of wagons carrying
merchandise to remote, stations, Nearly
every wagon contained one or mors barrels of whisky,
"The first night out I noticed," said
he. "great activity around the whisky
Panels. Tht wagons each had a hatchet
antl a gimlet. They would knock up a
hoop, bore a hole, draw all the whisky
they wanted, then putabout as much line
gravei in the barrel as they had drawn out
whisky, drive a plug In the hole and put
the hoop back in place.
"I learned afterwards that the barrels
were weighed and the whisky te-ted before it was turned over to the freighters,
and that when it .arrived at its destination
it was again weighed antl tested. The
gravel supplied the weight and bulk and
the quality remained the same, and this
was why It wns used instead of water to
supply the place of what hatl been taken
out.—Louisville Courier Journal,
Not Onv.
Johnsey—Jenkins, I believe you have
some oi the elements of success- about
Jenkins—Not a shilling, old man, Honor
origin ! Yen d be welcome to it if J had.
— tj ait McmeutH,
Boron of Those ln Florida Said to be More
Than ::oo Years Old,
It is a well-known fact that some trees
live to a groat ago, the oak, elm, cedar,
hickory, etc., but tho palmetto troes of
the South, and particularly those along
the Indian River, Florida, are really a
curiosity for their lung life. Tbo older
trees are gracefully straight, about forty
or liity feet high, having a diameter of
eight to ten inches, and so smooth that
they look as If they hod beon shaved with
a carpenter's draw knife up to about
three feet of tbe green spreading fan
leaves, which form » top without a
single branch.
Those trees are saitl to be from .J.K' to
601) years old, according to their height.
and aro so tough that thoy will "nend almost tci the ground in a galo of wind,
then spring back to their normal position again, Relatives of mine who have
,'esided on the Indian River for the past
thirty years say that the trees havo not
grown moro than six feet during that
length ot time.
A curious fact about the "cabbage
palmetto." us it is called, is that- it,
grows only from the topi having a cabbage-like head which, when young, is a
palatable food for man or beast, ami if a
riilo ball were to penetrate the center of
it, tho tree.would tiio. Any amount of
hacking or girdling maj bo done to the
trunk, however, without- injury to the
tree, as tiie nourishment; from the roots
passes througli the thickly matted liber,
the entire thickness of the body, to the
head at the apes of the tree.
The Ui'scio- From  the Wreak*
A thrilling story of German heroism
at sea. which goes far to offset some ol
The reports regarding the loss of the Kibe,
comes from Schleswig-Holstein. <>ne
stormy morning last Week, a Ashing village was awakened by a gunshot on" the
ciast. Hastening to tho beach, tho people saw a ship wrecked on a reef a mile
away. The crow were in the rigging. A
lifeboat was run out, but Harm, the
leader of the crow, was absent. Flight
men. however, rowed out to tho wreelr.
The crew were got into the lifeboat.with
the exception of one Who was lashed high
up on a mast. He was half frozen, and
as tiie storm was Increasing ami tin lifeboat overloaded, it was decided that he
could not be taken off. When the life
boat returned to the shore Hurro had arrived. He asked whether - very one had
been saved, and was told that one remained.
"Iwlll fetch h*-\ <«U Harrc. "Will
you go with mrv '
The men refused, saying that it was
"Then 1 will go alone," cried Hnrro,
and sprang into the lifeboat.
At this moment his mother came running down antl beeped of him not to
venture out, reminding him that both
tils lather find his brother two had hi en
drowned, Uwo was his youngest I rother,
and as he h id not been heard from for
years he was supposed to be dead.
"For lovo of me," Harm's mother
begged. ' 'don't g->!"
"But tho man nu the wreck," exclaimed Harro. "Are you sure be has no
mother to mourn his loss?"
Harro1 s mother said no moro, and her
son and four other men went for tbo
wreck,Which was now quite under water.
Tho waves were so furious that it was
difficult to approach.
At last the lifeboat, reached it. and
Harro climbed the mast and fetched tho
half-frozen man down. Ho was laid in
the bottom of the lifeboat, and Harru
lent over him antl remained so until the
I oal wan so near shore thai .his voice
could be heard. Then ho waved his cap
and shouted:
"Tell my mother we have saved Uwel"
— The New York Hun.
Reviving the Husking Bee.
One of the most gratifying thincs in
this much-shouted. long-drawn-out end
of the century is tbo revival ol tho husking bee. The barn party has struggled
hard to get tbe better of It "Barn
party' ' — incongruous name—brings to
mind a hour nicely polished for dancing
to tho music ol the city orcliovt.ru, with
no trace ol hay or straw and tho horses
resting in roomy stalls. "Barn party1'
belongs to the city village, nnd marks a
weak attempt to I ring together ihe old
ami the new. 1:; "husking bee," there
is the odor ol tbo breath of cattle, tho
light of the juok-o'-lautern, tho warmth
of the sum tin.r sun stowed away in the
mows, tiie dancing of bright eyes, the
laughter of red cheeked girls, the gurgle
ol rhe rider jug, and withal tho itching
from the rye-beards that make tbe dust
on tbe rough board floor. "Husking
bees'1 belong to the country cross-roads
and beyond. We know there is a revival
of thom because almost every one of our
state exchanges mentions them in its
eorroppiindoncn, but, unfortunately, not
enougll attention lias yet been given to
them In print, to make a boom. The
nearest it was when it, was written ot a
bee over in Kust Hartford that it was decided to call all the ears rod ears, ami
•'the girlsHked it. " — Hartford   I'ourant.
As  Man j Lives an a Cat,
An ordinary dog with an extraordinary
record was lost by Mr. George Brooks, of
Bellovillo, Conn., tho other day. and a
reward thai would bo large for a big
prlr.0 winner lias been offered for his re-
co very and restoration, Tho dogs record
is that he has liccn poisoned four times,
run over by wagons twice, badly scalded once, has had a butcher's knife thrust
bandit -deep Into him and was once
thrown sixty feet by tho pilot of a loco
motive, When the engine tossed him his
career seemed surely ended. His grave
Was dug and be was about to be placed
•n 11 when BO mo body noticed ono of his
ears twitch, Restoratives wore applied,
In got around, and was soon as frisky as
ever. Mr. Hrouks is anxious to get his
dog bnok. but tho neighbors are even
mere anxious to know whether he Is
dead, and. If lie is, what could possibly
have   taken him off at last.—New   York
in Knew it.
ui   hear   about    young
i?nodgrass? Ho lias only been married
a year, you know, and they tell me he is
*>\[*. nearly ail night every night in tiie
Woi k.
Mrs. Vogg.—There! Didn't 1 always
tell you that—
Kogir. —I suppose I ought to mention
in palliation of SUodgrass* conduct that
hu works on a morning newspaper.
Mrs. Fogg.—I suppose you think you're
funny; but I don't care, I haven't any
doubt that It would be the same way if
ho didn't havo to work nights. Do you
know, 1 havo an Idea it is to have an
excuse to be away nights that induces
mon to Work on morning papers; at any
rate, I can't think of any other reason
why a sensible man should do it.—Boston TrtwiKjnpt.
MUs Hi-)) AmrtR Thai Glrta Car« Least for
the Material Side of   Life.
"If only men would realize that the
material side is what we girls care the
least for," writes Mlss^jlllan Bell iu February Ladles' Home Journal. "Praydon't
think, just because you have built us col*
otiial houses, and have our clothes inado
for us, and never allow butchers' bills to
annoy us, that yon have done your whole
duty by us. It never occurs to most of us,
v-vmo have these dear American men for
lovers and husbands, that we could ever
really get cold or hungry. Vou would
have a lit if you thought any body belonging to you didn't, have all the clothes they
wanted and the best the market affords.
But you think it is a huge joke whon wo
say that we are mentally cold, and hungry
a good deal of the time, and that you aro
aBtorehotlso with all that wo need, right
within your heart* and brains, only you
won't give it to u1-'."
A Cure For l iisomnla.
The latest cure for insomnia i<* cheap,
healthy and efficacious. Tho remedy was
suggested by an old doctor to win,in a despairing young man had gone for advice*
*'(,'i course." said the doctor, "1 could
give you plenty of drugs that would put
you to sleep, but In the case of a young
man, that is always to Ih- avoided. The
ivasun you cannot sleep N because your
nerves are all unstrung. That does not
necessarily mean that you must put your
nervous system to sleep by the use <>f
drugs. What you want i^ a mild excitement, ihat will lift your nervous systemr
out tif the rut it has fallen into. The best
thing in tiie world to do that, i1** a trolley
ride. Don't try to settle upon any parti'*
ular route, Just Jump on any car '".it
comes along. Don1! even ask the cc Juc-
tor where the cur is going to, hut just 150
along with the car. It will surely come
back sonit! time to tho point where you
took it. It the route is eight or ten mllos
long so much tho better. One thing !a
certain, you will cither bleep during the
ride or as soon as it is ever."—Philadelphia Record.
Humor ut. tlif am iii-.
Some funny stories are told about "lie
marriage service. One of them relates
how an old man, brought rather unwillingly to the altar, could not be induced vc
repeat the responses. ".My good man,' it
length exclaimed tho clergyman. "I really
cannot marry you unless you do as you
arc told." Hut the man still remained
silent. At this unexpected hitch tho bride
Install patience with her future spouse,
and burst out with: ''G-oou, you old tootl
Kay it after him just the same as if you
was mockiif him." Tiie same difllculty
occurred lu another case.
The clergyman, after explaining what
was necessary and going over tho responses several times without the slightest
effect, stopped lu dismay, whereupon Tha
bridegroom encouraged him with "Go
ahead, pass'n, go ahead: thou'rt doin1
bravely." Upon another occasion it w:ia?
strangely enough, the woman who could
not bo prevailed upon to speak. When
the clergyman remonstrated with her -.he
indignantly replied: "Vouv father married mo twice before, and lie wasn't ax.a'
me 'any of them impertinent questions at
IIoily a*-a Water Kiiffino.
in Longman's Magazine for December
Sir Benjamin Ward Richardson reprints
the address which he delivered to tho National Temperance League on tho "Physical Foundal ions of Temperance,'1 The
following is his own summary of his
1. That the body as an engine oi life in
n, water engine, nud was never Intended
Ui bo worked.ai the temperature provided
for it. by any other Maid il.au water. 3,
That from a purely physical point of view,
alcohol is too light a fluid tor tho purpose.
3. That alcohol contains an element—carbon—which Is uot wanted fur the natural
par: wa'-or   play-iu tho   living  creation.
4. Thai by well diluting atcol ol It may, as
indeed is too often seen, make a hint) of
living world, but that sttcli a world Is one
having two leading false qualities, a
-hoy; ly-cndowcd bodily mechanism and
an Idiot's mind, neither of which objects
i- of the selection and manifestation in 1 ie
for ttsbj the giver of life.
t *.;■-. mm- Old Corks,
Corks are thrown away in great quantities, and. very few people think that there
[s any value attached to that material
after It has suned its purpose once as
stopper of a bottle. Nevertheless it h.ia
become one of tho most valuable components of a city's refuse. Grout quantities
ol used corks are now used again in the
manufacture of insulating covers of steam
pipes and bolters, of ice boxes and Ice
houses and othur points to bo protected
from the influence of heat. Powdered
cork is very useful for filling in horse
collars, and the very latest application of
this material Is the filling in of pneumatie
tires with cork shavings. Mats for bath
rooms are made ai eurk exclusively, and
it also goes into the composition of linoleum, Cheap life preservers nre now filled
exclusively with bottle stoppers, cut Into
little pieces.—Scientific American.
Through All the Age*.
Through all the ages men have regarded
themselves as being born   only that they
might dio.    That has  always,  been  tho
great molanoholy plaint of life; that has
been tho distress which has always lain
on tho soul, even in its moments of happiness. This being so, is there not something great and stirring in tbe fact lh.it
JesUB takes Up this word of death and
turns it Into an assurance of victory?
Jesus takes Jim dirge'and turns it into a
paean; makos it the very assertion of the |
glory of his ex Is ton 08 on earth. /
"I was born," wo keirhlm say, ''forV
a great, a noble and a splendid   purpose;
that I might through death  destroy him
who hatl) th» power of death—that is,
tho devil.'1 There is something   noble in    1
the way In which Christ thus takes these
words, "We are born to die," so   full of
distress and pain on our lips, and   turns
them into tho psalms  that ring through
tho ages and   glorify   the World;   in tho
way In which ho takes  tho   very    tears
and lamentations  of  our   human   life,  v
and shows how   at   the   very   heart   of   I
thom    arc    victory  aud   joy.—Phillips
A City iitillt In a Cherry Seed*
At the time of the French Crystal Palace Exposition  n Nuremberg  toyonakec
exhibited a cherry stone within the cavity
oi which ho had built a perfect plan of
1 he city of Sevastopol, st reels, railway approaches, bridges, etc. A powerful micro*
scopo was used iu exhibiting this wonderful miniature cily, and it is estimated
that not less thau 500,000 people had a peep
at the results of tho toy-maker's toil.
Kach of these 600,000 sightseers deposited
a franc piece in the hands of the ingenious workman, t.lie total tif the cash thus
taken in netting him a-mug little fortune,
lor Seventy Hours ll« and Hi-* Bleu IJa-
luireit Without Sleep or Ites t-In calculable,-
Value of the Discovery to Surgery and
Otlivr Sciences,
When Thomas A. ffidlson and his chief
assistants, including bis son, left tha
Wizard's laboratory, at West Orange, at
7 p.m. Saturday, they hatl beon working
for seventy hours continuously—that Is,
from '.) a.m. Thursday. During that
t-lino experiments relative to the Roentgen
X rays had beon conducted without interruption night and day, not even tho
snatching of a luuoh by tiie Investigators
ut irregular intervals interfering with
tbe almost feverish search for hidden
truths Mrs. Edison, seeking to break
tibo charm, telephoned her husband several times from their honm in Lewdlyn
Park, across the way and within shouting distance ol' the laboratory, that she
was coming In tho carriage to take the
Inventor driving, but the answer was always: "No, no! I can't go now.'' and on
the stroug-llmbod, big-brained and unpretentious Investigator worked.
"I'm going to give Mm boys a rest tonight and to-morrow," he said, ■"They
have been hard pushed. Xot a wink Of
■leep since we begun."
Notwithstanding the hong ordeal, the
Inventor and his holpcrs.ipoe.ared perfect-
ly fresh in tho subdued light of the laboratory,   and   all   said they felt very well.
No   doubt,   howovor.   they would  have
shown quite haggard In the sunlight
*•! have conflnod my work to-day to
tasting a lo* m vacuum bulbs made last
night The history of each as to vacuum
was no tad down as they were eon led off
the pump.-*: after exh.ius i i Now I am
making shadowgraphs with them, using
always the saute objects from whioh tu
got, the images. Thoy are rhsflu strips,
one each of steol, zinc, aluminium, lead,
hard rubber nnd celluloid, I know what
they are, and they mnko good subjects,
1 give ih.im a uniform exposure of forty
minutes before each bulb, and tho negatives whon developed will tell which tiulh
has given the best results. Knowing by
my uut oh the vacuum of that particular
built or tubs, I shall, of course, know
how much of a vacuum Is necessary ; <;■
our purposes, This onco established I
will nt iinen make IOC bulbs (or the
work ahead, I found thai tho first t|iios«
(ton to solve was thnt of the bulb; tint;
there w:i-i no utility In going abend with
out knowing the exact vacuum within
which the rays can bo producod most;
"Of course, I have mot with troublesome obstacles Slum of tho bulbs lost
vacuum In being sealed nftur exhaustion.
The escape of electricity from the bulb
during exposure aCec'ed my sensitive
plates, mt I un  now placing this thin
• sheet of oolluloid bstween the bulb and
the plat i to acl as a b irrlor to Induction.
We will run the thing down finally, and
the only thing to tin u to pound away
at it.
MHore is onniething queer that I do uot
understand now.'' said the inventor, as
hound tlm World representative stood in
the dungeon-like darkness of the pump'
lng*room,   whore   the  experiments are
^conductud—-udarknassthat was In nowise
rniiov,!,, by tlm steady, deep blue Uuoros-
oanoe of t bulb that was making n pic-
ture—tlm crackling dashes of rho electric
current  it tho point where rho necessary
I vibrations'were produced, and the dull,
bluish   glow  on tha two wires running
fisdruss tho room parrying the. electric fluid
1,0 and from the bulb,
'Keel this." he continued, as h« passod
fcomethiug  Into tho hands of his visitor,
fit was ,in ordinary Incandescent light
bulb with two wlros dangling from its
sealed mouth. Then, taking the bulb
the wlftird pianid it behind tbe slide, with'
.Un which was tho plate upon which the
Imago wns   being produced,    It whs a-.
■jthough ho sought to hide it behind the
slide from   tlm fluorescent bulb on  the
I other side.    The detached bulb iu tlm In-
vontor's hand  took  on  a  light,  vlolel
jugs, a ghost-like phosphorescence, The
Ijsmuu effect was noticed when tho detained
bulb whs held in the full glow of Mm
pull* iu circuit, a foot or more distant
from if, ind also when the invent »r
plnoed his round, fat hand between tt
und the legitimately tltiorescont bulb.
"That  effect Is olectrloal, of course,"
wild Ml'.lCdlsoU, "iuii j:;st how It  is  pro
be rid of the oultarea and thore win  be
no development of bacilli
"I haven't a groat deal of faith iu tha
idea of photographing the brain of a living person, but l am preparing a battery
of bulbs with which to mako tho expert*
mend Monday night. Wo may get soma
untuought of result. There Is no telling
what is to come, The light, ami thosu
bulbs havo many vagaries."
Some enthuslastla persons in tho
Oranges near by tho Edison shop are, iu
their reports to the outside world, making
tho inventor do ami say some things that
must give the scientific world thought if
notebook, For instance, It waasontout
Friday night that Mr. Edison had made
an Important discovery in tho way of
vacuums and would thereafter use .i
celluloid vacuum, that-being his latest
fete an a wleftrd. The scientists ore now
preparing to receive tho Information tha*
Mr. Edison has evolved a. swoet potato
vacuum, producing a nigh order Of
| cathode rays.
This unthought-of data was made pub-
\ lie by several unsuspecting uon-technical
| daily pauers, as was another yarn thought
out by the Oraugers yesterday, ft said
; that Prof, Roentgen's discovery had been
1 eclipsed by Mr. Edison, who had produced
; a light that ponetrated steel ns though ir,
i wore thin air. As a matter of fact, stool
oilers nil almost absolute resistance to
j the rnys. It has proved mote Impeno-
| trable than any of the other metals er
[ substances,
A worn and weary dlstrint messenger
boy reached the Edison laboratory shortly
after dark yesterday, lie hud a note for
Mr. Edison and had boon searching for
that gentleman since n a.m. Tho writer
it;' tho nnto had sent the boy to Menio
Park, but ho found that Mr. Kills,m had
desnrtod his laboratory there far tho ouo
at West Orange eight or nine years before. Afterwards he wandered about
tho country The note invited the Inventor to the delectable experiment >f photographing n tumor Just* what for Mr,
Edison did not tell, bat ho grinned ,-ts he
wrote tho answer. As ho is very obliging,
it is thought ^, have read, ' Miring in
your tumor."
Prof, Kneutgen's-dJscovory is ill that
he claims far It, Ily It you can photograph tbo Interior nf living animal?, of
metal, of a book, of n I oath or case and of
count leas other substances. In ■» fow
months, at tho utmost, it will havo been
developed so far th.it every eleotrlolan,
every photographer and overy student of
physios will no able to mako the experiments for htmrolf. All that Is necessary
i.i the apparatus, and this is rapidly being
fti most uf the books on physics that
have been published within the past; flyo
years you will Und tt description nf the
following beautiful and mysterious
phenomenon: "Take a glass tube in
which an almost perfect vacuum has beeu
oreated, Into one end in-net tho negative
and into the other the positive pole if tho
batter} When tho current is turned on
there will emanate from tho n tgutlve nolo
i strauge Light of groonish huo, delicate
ami subtle,    These are cathode rays."
A few weeks ago wort I came from
VYuriburg  that Prof. Roentgen  had dm-
duood I don't know, ft Is probably in-
fduotlnn, 1 happened to he idly handling
I thin bulb when it suddenly rook on that
I tinge. It doesn't amount to anything
| In value. It -- only envious
'I've thought of one thing tn which
-tlii-'-.i rnys may perhaps be applied in the
Mini.I of medicine. It Is well known Unit
inll light is purifying—an enemy to uftOll-
|ii.   it 'Is highly probiiblo that this new
form of rati Ian OS may prove highly Sterilising iu its action upon water and tub*
panes* befouled with bnotarla,   If so, it
[should be deadly to pblsOOOUl animal-
DUlau In the lungs, and it can hu undo to
Iroacli -md poUQtrate those organs.
"I shall tod it. quality In that respect
\ this way: Two teat tubes will be led
vlth water Into which culture.-! of h.i tor la
Have been Introduced, If left to thein-
•Ives the cultures would develop within
Iday or two and tin; water would cloud
with t!i.i billions uf poisonous atom*. Hut
I shall place ono of these tost tubes under
I fluorescent bulb,while tbe other will be
fnfr aside to allow thu development of the
aoisri.'i If the X rays have tho sterilizing
lusllty the water In the exposed tube will
covered that theso .-.17-;, while 'hey woui l
not penetrate glass, would psss through
certain metals and other substances,
He had found thai they won 1.1 penetrate
aluminum, The words were hardly oul
uf his mouth ere scientists the world over
h.i'i -0: -I'd 'heir vacuum tubes and had
begun experiments in this new direction.
T!:i success of experiments with
cathode rays doponds entirely upon the
apparatus. Tho drawback to photograph
rug objects Ilka tho human hood is th it it
lsdiilluutt to obtain a light or suhTcloni
power With the facilities al bin disposal
Mr. Ostarherg was unable to obtain mors
than 10,000 volts Then, again, whon
you consider that the tube to winch this
electricity passes must be hold within
two ir throe Inches of the object that :s
to be photographod, you will readily see
the danger that attends these experl-
ments, With the least carelessness a
spark might fly from the aluiuluum,
which, if th.* current worostrong enough,
would Instantly kill a man. Kofure tho
experimental stage has passed hundreds
.if thousands nf volte will havo to be employed in making these pictures, i,-ni tbe
leant curolessuess would have frightful
Aluminum case Inclosing * pair if
scissors (silver handle, steel blade) a bnlr-
pln fsteel), a cigar cutter (metal compound), twi nails (wrought Iron). .1 knife
(celluloid,   with   steel    blades),    fancy
Crookes tube about eight. Inohes lan.ix.iud
two and duc die If iuohos tn dlamotor wis
Tho luminosity iu the beginning showed .* boeutt/ul gretui color,  which is  :.'m
Sign of a very hitth VOi num. The Ri If
(aside of the tube booomlug verv hot
tends te tomtit I to and thusgradu >iiv impair tho quality of thu lube. Tha expos
ure was kept u;> for seventeen minutes,
ind the bull) was ibout four to fire in ;hes
1 way from tho ton >>f tha nluiulnum case,
The oasi) Itself was directly above tha
phot (graphic plate, tho sonsltlxed papar nf
course being eovorud ■ ■/ tho plate shut) ir.
'this experiment was Intondod to .how
that the nluiulnum Is trnuspareni
furthermore tn show approximately tha
degree of opacity to tho rnys through the
UtFeroni mod la, and finally the distance
wan so ae looted as to bo fairly confident
that no radiant light would enter thn .'<.-
miuum case.
it Is interesting te observe that glass Is
about as opaque to the Roentgen rays a-*
steel, ami this second experiment on eye-
glasses in their case was made ta show
thlfl to be tho case. Tho feci that glass i.s
Opaque to tho rays i.s very  important
With  some scientists the opinion pro-
vails that glass is necessary for tho production of these rnvs,   if they cannot
pierce glass at all they would have to be
produced ou tho outside of tlm Crookes
lube; if they can pierce glass once there
Is no obvious Foason why they should not
go through two layers nf glass. This may,
of course, bo explained by the law nf Intensity with respect to dis!.m e. that Is
to say that In consequonoo of tibe weak-
nesS Of the rays at anv appr-uikibla distance from the Crookes tube they an net
pass through glass a second lane.
Its utility in surgery Is apparently of
unfathomable value, iuuowiv discovered
physical properties may load  further ind
further into mechanics, physios, ohemli*-
try. etc., but at present wn know too
little about tho mul properties of the rays
to call such reverie anything but Ipeouuv
In -<"l hy tha necIieKa of M ;n IhnmiKjli.
It has come. It is in the concrete, and
It is making itself felt. It may lead to
revolution and bloodshed, it may fill
many asylum.*; for tho hopelessly mad.
and may increase the mortality from suicide, but it i.s hero and it will stay. Cou-
sxtelo Vonderbllt, who is the Duchess of
Marlborough, devised it, and it is named
the '-Marlborough Hat."
Consuelo has revived the Elizabethan
ruff, but her hat is hor piece da resistance,
It Is making a sensation abroad, and is a
success because it is essentially one o\'
the queer things tbe scurrying ruar- at
the'century a end are Hinging off. The
thing itself has a broad brim and a round
top. It may bo trimmed to suit any
woman whose genius is diverted from
usefulness in the direction of millinery.
Hut this Marlborough hat is of petunia
velvet) which covers the crown und brim
in soft, uneven folds. At the left aro
grouped three stately black feathers, and
three shorter ones fall negligently toward
tbe front and repose on the brim. At tha
back is another cluster c*f three that uestls
[m^^~ :■      * ^%,'4
1' ■ w~
oloflo to t!io Y..i\r. A .ri.-inC chryaanthe.
iniini of U10 vulvnt U tuokeil oti tha brim
hi a bandeau Tho Duolmss li.is money
enonah t.., bavo nil tiio h.ifs her honrt
oravos for ind lior beart oravoi, tor vory
n:;i::>*. and Any has thom, iitit they :»ro
ohielly of this ghupo, whioh io Romethins
iiKe tha Gainsborough. The nam.-, so
lite ■ tho other, would ijivu immortality to
tho hat, oven though there wero no genius
hohlmi it. whioh there U. Tho Duolmss
isn't pat'tlonlar shout tho uolor of iior
hats only ln so far as they mast uintoii
the color of hor gowns. She has a few
gross of gowtya and 'here is iiat :'..r -.own
In her closet. The material of the hat is
likewise an Indifferent matter with tiio
Do.'hnss. She doesn't caro what it is if it
only costs enough, Souiotimes slso likes
velvet and sometimes fjit. hut the shape
ramalns constant, She'll havo no ilil
linnoe with tho shape. It's got to lie
5Inrtboroiigh or nothing. Tho Ducht-ss
is pretty, and with the hat and tho ruff,
there's nothing to ho desired, -ho is perfection.— Chioago Times-Herald
I'aililingTIielr llemls.
Ths women o New Vork are padding
their heads. It is a seoret from farls, It
*.su't t.'i.it they wish to iflvo the Inipres.
s-on that tlu-ir brains aro as big is ti;,i
brains of their brethren; it Isn't that the
now-woman Idea has swelled their onini
.mis, it, Isn't an insidious w ly of roven--
ing thomselves on tho public Tor the oru-
sade against the theater bonnet j it isn't
.1 rivalry with the football hlrsutnl
glories, or ilio glory of Paderewskl's ^.'.-:
IHinslvo aureole, It is simply tho latest
1-' >r tt:., sweot simplicity of sleek heads
and parted looks Is passu, and thu pnmpa-
lour Is rovlvod. It is ,1 Huffy pompadour,
ind long drawn out. It is i pompadour,
suit and full, whioh reaches around to the
crown ol the head, where the noil in fasten-
-.1. Such a pompadour i*. not *o lie pro.
ttuced unless milady's orown of glory is
pi mtltul and of the soft, dry quality
which lends ltsolt to tlm crinkling per*
ttiasions of the urllng-tran Kvsn then
the proper uniform bouffant offoot of t.ho
new pompadour is hard to achieve.
ii.'M comes in the seoret from Pari.-.
It is . now inervelllaQsi pompadour
frame, almost llkn i oup—-light, hollow,
springy, and Uttlng neat, beyond thu
•nr,. Invisibility Is tertaln. as these
frames ore composed of real Jialr and aro
iiia.lu in abados to tnatoli .ill colors .>f
tresses, Thoy jr., made only l.r a Efrench
eoltfeure tn thoir original form, though
cheap varieties of th.i pompadour frames
have beon on tbe market f.,r some *:mo.
Tn., Frenoh form Is used by the fashion-
able hairdressers with charming offoot,
aspecially for evening toilettes, when the
lowellod ornaments fur tho hair may ho
itfootlvely lljtod In tiio frame, The hat
;>in of ordinary usage also finds ilrm pinning surface in tiio pompadour frames,
and tho woman with little iialr rejoices
in tills latest Invention because it allows
bur to discard burdensome switches nnd
chignons and ' false fronts" and make tiie
mart of   the looks nature lias **ivnn her.
It. Is moroly i development of tho fern-
inina fad for expansion that has run tha
gamut ol Btlnollned sleovos and skirts,
cheok plumpers and hip nails, hi>t. forms
an.1 bodice fillings, false calves nnd *'lni-
provod" Insteps, .md has now reached tho
• r.iwn of milady's bend with i rounding*
unt oif'ot that promises a proportionate
^:i iranse in bin hats
SUe Sever Tobl Uer A«c.
[t wm the busy seaeon at i great bank,
Long rows if women, some anxious nnd
depressed looking, all »f them with m\
unmistakable ilr of weariness, with walN
in*; their turn with booh.- to be presented
for tha BOml-annual interest. A ooinpous
ind many buttoned uflioial pared back
and forth with .-»look of determination to
keep onler or die on his grim vlsnjm,
Tbo woman nt the window was a new .'s
posltor and them wus a longer wait than
usual, while she answered all tho que*
tions relative to lier genealogy and that of
her sisters and her cousins and her aunts
—Information whioh one must always
give to a great hank before it will con-
Jescend to reoolve, and sometimes lose,
your money.
At last oame the fateful question*
•What ts your ago?"
A   faint   flush   stolo   ever   her  faded
oheekis   the antiquated and oorksorew
oris quivered with ngltntlon, asshenHtr-
mured, "I'd rather not toll, pioaso."
The bank olerk meant business, He
had no lympathy with the maiden
modesty of the trembling aspirant to
financial dignity, "Oh. bub you must
Mil*" he replledi somewhat brusquely,
The blushes grew painfull but then
was still a loopho'e of esoape, At least
all the world should not know her agi\
and r using harsolf 00 tiptoe so as te
bring her   lav  close to the window—for
■dm was short of stature—she said, '.May
1 whisper It, plosse   ' and the woman he*
bind will nsmr know haw old she was.
Nan*; Watts,
Dr. Isaa3 Wares was the .son of a schoolmaster at Southampton and was born in
UQi. His parents were eminently pious,
and suffered much in the persecuting
times of Cherles II., the father having
been imprisoned more than onoe for his
noncoruformity, Iu i memorandum by
Dr. Watts at this time occurs this note :
M1683, my father persecuted and imprisoned six mouths for noncomformity ; after
that forced to leave iii-, family and live
privately for two years."
The boy grew up aud In his eighteenth
year startled th<* grave deacons of his
father's church by declaring that the
hymns they sang In church were sadly
Inoking iu taste, "Give us something
better young man." was the reply. Tho
young man did so, and the church waa invited to close it-? evening service with a
now hymn.
"Behold the glories of the Lamb,
Before His Father's throne :
Prepare new honors for Ili-> name,
And sougs before unknown."
This wus bis first hymn, and to Watts
mu.-.t be assigned tbe praise of liegiunluv.
In our lunvisnge, ■- class of hyiuiis which
has taken a decided hold an the 1 'hristian
mind of the world.
Iu the year 1707 Watts gave r..» the
churches an original volume, entitled
*"ilymn-, and Spiritual Sung-,,-' nnd for th •
copyright he received the munificent -mm
of fifty dollars. If kept to this day it
would have yielded to it?, owner a solid
million. This booh wns followed soon
after by another. In the second volume
the famous "Old Huudred," which began
with the '.void*..
"Nations, attend bafore Hii
With solemn fear, with s;i
;red joy,'
first appeared.   -Tohn Wesley altered these
li:ie» to the grander ones :
"Before Jehovah's awful throne.
Ye nations bow with sacred j^y.''
That he ever composed one sacred song
which can tak ■ rank with Toplady's
"Rock ol Ages" or 1 'harles Wesley's
"J.esus, Lover o*' .My Soul," we do uot
claim. But ho wrote more of tbe great
hymns of our mother tongue than any
other man, No lay of a crucified Saviour
has ever yet approached in pathetic
grandeur that ottering which Watulaid
ut his Redeemer's feet:
'  "When I survey the wondrous cross
On.which the Prince of Olorj d:;--i.
My richest gain J count but loss,
Aud pour contempt on all my pride.''
This hymu was written after hearing n
icrmoii from the text, -(ioii forbid that I
should glory, save in the cross of our Lord
Jesus ( hrist "
He was one of the little great men,
never measuring Ave feet in height, and
Was proportionately narrow. He wus
never a favorite with the gentler sex,
though once he secured the affection:, of u
young I.iily and retained them sufficiently
long lo formulate an engagement for
matrimony, bin was noon doomed to perpetual bachelorhood by her fickleness nnd
fomi 11 c-.-. for a larger ami handsomer man.
His loss in this ease proved a gain to tbe
church, for thin circumstance was the
origin of a hymn, frequently sung iu aome
of our churches to this lay, which was
Written ou the day of tier marriage •
"How va:n are all thing-, h,-:-« below,
How false, and yet how fair ;
Each pleasure has its poison, too,
And every sweet ti snare.
"The brightest things below the sky
Givo but a datteriug light ;
We should stiMpeci ionic dang ir nigh
When wo possess delight.
Wires Inaptly Bestow Tliciu upon Their
ThoJUttle god of love betrays even dig-
uiiied people into the most, ingeniously incongruous terms of endearment sometimes. And this in defiance of the fart
that the real love words of every language
are the most musically beautiful combinations of sounds possible.
So sweetly melodious are our own "darling," "dearest," "sweetheart," that one
is fain to pity him or her who has never
heard them tenderly uttered with a special
application. While the French ''mon
ami," "cherie," "ma mignouue," etc, are
spoken music, and even the German
'• nietue geiiobste " might glorify that
strong language. "Honey," "dearie,"
"sweet," are still on the right side of the
ridiculous, lSveu "pet" Is admissible,
though It ouce occurred to me that to address ti swarthy, six-foot, 350-pound Cuban
ai i public dinner us "petite" might be
just on die borderland.
Uut where the divine passion Is really
dominant, nil those expressions are quite
1 kiiuw a well-built, well-groomed man
of the world, with a strung masculine
face, a splendid athletic figure, standing 0
feet-J inches in his stockings, and stately
and dignified in his bearing His enraptured wifo finds no word so expressive
o( her appreciation of his charms as "Kitten. " She, by the way is u Juno, and he,
not to be oiitdono I': matters of heart, also
calls her "Kitten." S> it i.s Kitten and
Kitten, until I am sure they have torgot-
tea thnt the Kuglinh language possesses
proper noun-., in general usage iu p dite
Then there is a fat man with pudgy
face and protruding figure. Nothing seems
to satisfy tho soul of his doting wife bul
Birdie. Birdie he is, 'lirdtu lie 'un-,t be,
though all the world would blush for ir.
Then i cannoi forget one of my deal
friends whose husband, twenty years her
senior, is a hard-headed business man,
who Is said to sometimes wauder into
"way.-, that are dark, and tricks that aro
vaiu." Happily, I ilo not know [usl what
she calls him during these periods. Bul E
do know that during his temporary lapses
into virtue she is a most devoted loving
wife, ami that wheu her passion for him
is at moderate height she contents herself
with "mall tweetuess,'** and "cunning
single," but wheu it rises to flood tide,
she casts upon him the mosl loving and
languishing glances and calls him
Another rail, gaunt, raw-boned, ill-
favored friend i-- also worthy of passing
mention. His hair is carrot-colored and
scraggly, bis neck so thin that tt resembles
nothlngso much as a snarl of strings,
while his hands, feet and nuatoniy geeor-
aliy call up visions of Iciiabod (Jraiie.
His affectionate spouse could find no name
for dim that so pleased her fancy .*-.
"Puddiu." She scolded him as "Puddlti,''
and loved him ns "Puddin,1' As "Puddiu '
he was cowed, driven aud bullied, indns
"Puddin" he was coaxed, wheedled ind
"Ourtfenrest Joys and nearest frlen lv
The partners of oar blood .
How they divide our wavering minds
And leave but half for Uod.
"The fou Iness of a creature's love,
How strong it strikes the sense;
Thither the warm a fleet ions move.
Nor can we call them hence.
"Hear Saviour, lot thy beauties be
My soul's eternal food,
And grace commanding heart away
L'Vom all created good."
I; is a a evidence oi wondrous versatility of genius that while Watts composed the linos which Uauicl Webster
murmured ou his dying bed, *73how pity.
Lord, 0, Lord, forgive," he also wrote
the most perfect child hymns in our
language, In IttOO he became tutor to Sir
John Rartopp's children, and wrote for
them "How Doth the Little Busy Bee ?"
'{Let Dog-, Delight -^ Bark mid Bitr,"
"Whene'er I Take My Walks Abroad,*'
and "Hush, Mv Hear, be Still and Slumber."
But Br, Watts especially challenges our
admiration by the transcendent vividness
With which h" pictures the life beyond the
grave. Un seem.-, to have lived constantly
oh heaven's border laud. Oue who could
siy, "i can ley my head back tn-nlglit ami
die Without alarm.'' might well write ol
glories thai shone so near
lie died in 1748, leaving over seven
ha ad red hymus, ami to-day 'hey aro being
Sling by God's children nil the world
nuoiiud. Hi-* body rests in BunhUl Fields,
Hi.! Westminster Abbey of the gtoriou.i
Puritans; close by the gate, mid nol far
frnm Duuynti's grave, Ir a plain tomb,
which boars the name of Isaac Watts, th •
Eslhei of the ICnglisIi hymn.
By his own retiuest, at his funeral, the
hytnn so often sung even in ta:*. t.- \ ».
''Why should we tremble to c mv >y
This body to the tomb '
There the dear form of .festts lay.
And left a lotig perfume."
Tradition places the home of Dr, Watts
near the little battery ou Southampton
water, looking out ou the green glades of
the Xew Forest, iie was invited to spend
a few weeks with friends In Southampton,
where, owing to sickness, he spent thirty-
six years.
From this rural home the little invalid
li.ul many opportunities of courting the
itisfise. Nor Is it to be wondered ul that so
many stanzas should be evidently suggested to his mind bygar.lng on the ocean
iu wrathful storm or beautiful calm,
Never did he strike a happier vein 'ban
when one inornlug from tho mainland he
looked across to the Ule Of Wight. Before hint dl'ossed in nil the glory of spring*
tide were the gently rising fields bestnrred
with (lowers. A group Of people lined tho
shore waiting a transport. He touched
the lyre nnd sang of tho green Immortal
slopes, the perpetual blaze Of glory that
kindled on the never withering (lowers,
the narrow stream of death dividing It
from the present -state of being, and the
timorous crowd of mortals ou the hank,
shivering ut tho thought of crossing over.
There i.s a well-known editor ' mo if
this trountry's great papers, ,1 man of stalwart frame, keen countenance, brilliant
intellect T 1 his wife he is "Itty one,1
u::*i die to him Is "Preshy" (precious).
ft is surprising that a delicate, refined,
high-bred woman could best express her
ardor for her hu.sh.ahd in tbe words
k\Snooks" and "'Shoppy,"ye! I have* ku uvu
such to he the rase; and it would seem :j~,
though u dignified professor might inject
I to being called "Hubby." Vr i have seen
him respond to it with 11 smile so wide
that the Cheshire c it wasn't iu it.
One prominent literary man rarely addresses his tiny youug wife ns anything
but l'Kid," which is not inappropriate it
somewhat unmusical, ih:: ir Is usually
the very Little man with the enormous
wife whose ebullitions of sentimental
tenderness can only (lud expression in
calling her "Baby."
These are by n > means the vagaries >f
youth and Inexperience. I was onoe
traveling iu one of the Western State*,,
wheu.i groom of about To came aboard
with a blushing bride of perhaps (Jo They
soon became oblivious, and this con versa
tion was be ir!:
He—"Who's ittle Lamm to ?"
He -"ilo!' of u-.."
j     And perhaps till .ire familiar with the
1 overheard conversation between the Cou-
oortl ScIukiI of Philosophy professor and
the Vassar grail unto ;
\'. i. • "liarl tig  "
I'li  l)     'Yes. darling."
V. ti.   "Nothing  -only darling "
Truly is not tiie god of love the godof
humor aa well
Uitv It VI urke.l.
When the landlord had settled himself
comfortably and got his cigar well started he lookod at the newspaper man ant
"I don't see why you don't rake more
Interest in the affairs if rids suburb,"
"Nothing In It-,*' replied the newspaper
"Oh, yes, t 'ere is," protested tho land
lord, "Besides [should think it would
be a matter of prl Io with you "
"Pride is inexpensive,' Intorjcoted the
newspaper man
■ I don'l Iwlleve I quite follow you "
'•Well,  last year,   t was bo proud   "f
this  plnee, thai my pride  just bubhlod
O ■' ! -. '
l*Vos, I remamber you was ttit*^ *»..
thuslastj . '
•i itopped pe iple In the street to toll
them diout the beauties of tho suburb In
which l lived, I even wrote tu artlole
or t wo about it."
I recall thehu    'i . •
benefit, too."
"They wore
■ In leod they ware,
■*I rather thought thoy tl] i.'
"Because they Impressed you to sueh
an ox\ ont i lint you raised ! he rout for my
house. That's why I think there is suoh a
thing as being too enthusiastic and pub-
tic-spirited. I'm not lining any raving
this year.M—Chicago Kvenlng Post.
were if Inimonso
ltd a lot ot
Utiles for Dlnlug Out,
Tho man who would dine out often
ami attend to hi* business, too, must lay
down four rttloa for himself and obey
thom :
lie must oat very little, and only of
tho solids that are placed before him.
He must drinU very little.
He must smok • very little.
Ha must never,never oat a late supper.
Happy the IJiaU Who does obey thom I
Ho learns tho best thoughts of tho Dost
people in tho free conversation before
dinner, in conversation during dinner,
and In that most delightful conversation
after dinner. He loams public sentiment, he puts himself in touch with
public thoughr. At ft dinner with
agreeable and clever people nrouud tho
hoard, a man learns more thau ho would
by a month of sttuty
Singular Story of ilnxv He fcoit HU fntlec
An old soldier who boars tbo Hears of
several wound**, received in thu late unpleasantness was speaking to the writer about odd incidents of the war aud
among other things said
''Courage is so different in different
people that 1 have been very often sur-
pri-,-d to seo exhibitions of bravery 111
unlooked-for quarters, Thero i-, a man
who used to live In Marion. O. who bus
the index finger of his right hand missing and il' asked the manner of its Iosp
will simply say that ho lost it in tho
civil war. The *tory ot' tho affair ts peculiar, though [ am tola that thero aro
Instances ot' tho samo nature that have
occurred, Ho was married a few months
when tho call fur volunteers was Issued
and he yearned to respond to his roun-
try's invitation His wife put her foot
down at once and said that he should not
go, Two months passed, ami an tho
stories came from the front of the roar
ing 01' cannon ami of blood being spilt.
William, for that was his name, vowed
thnt be would ga to the scene of battle,
one night his wife Haw him got up io
his -leep. and putting himself in a heroic attitude, extend his baud oh though
it clutched a -.word, aud cry U'or-
war.l!" This pr lyed on hor mind bo
that on tho night afterward she asked
him it he fully Intondod to join the
army. He replied emphatically that ho
"That night when William slept sho
aro.-,!', and, with stonicity step and determined look took a hatchet from under the bed and same to the side of her
sleeping husband Sho noted the calmness of his countenance, and bant and
kissed his torch on d as n tear ooursod
down her cheok Then she took the Index linger of his right hand-, and, separating it from tha orher laid it upon
the ?ldo rail and brought the hatchet
down with such force as to sever the
digit. William awoke,' ul what he said
ts nor. recorded, hut he wns made at
sterner stuff than his better half thought,
when rho smoke of battle rolled upon
the Held of l\\:'A Run and Union hearts
beat wildly iu tho tirst great encounter,
the martial sound of William's drum
urged on to glory many an Ohio man
Ho could not handle a musket, but ha
went to war. "—Columbus Dispatch,
Some First Principles.
I', Is reported that. Mr. Lincoln onoe
said to a man who BUggOStod a doubtful
proposition to him, 'I should think that
to anyone wanting .something of that
kind, that something of that kind would
bo about what ho would want "
It i-. the samo way with bloomers.
Those wh 1 admire ftiiom, admire them
Tho.-a who don't, don't     Seo?
The bloomer question is one that Is not
to he settled by 1 magazine article,
Thero are some fundamental truths that
nil may agree upon. Alen who Insist that
n sorts ol skirts are not onmbersomeand
that they do not retard and tire too rider
would, 110 donl r. simply collapse if thoy
were  compelled to wear them.
It seems reasonable that blonrnorg
have some advantages nlong the lines of
comfort and lonventenoo. It isn't presumed thai woman care to bo scorchers.
Tli'-y do like to ride with  comfort,
Tho foei if the bloomor costume aro
opposed to ll tolely on tho ground, of
"tho looks of rhe thing.  '
Thoy -'. iutd bo honest enuu?h to con-
fuss tins, for no one will -ay that bloom-
- :■- mak • ■:■.* :..'u any mora difficult,
Granting thom Ie a physical gain In
wcarina bloomers, is there » moral loss!1
Not necessarily*    A lady's   real   nature
ought, uot to !»e chnn
id by
innge of
For a-gos men havo boon yelling
■ dross reform" at tho other *qx. Tbo
wi-' bewhlskerod lords of creation havo
Insisted that trailing skirts and tight
lacing wei 1 dragging our sisters, wives
and mothers to premature graves
Xow these men nre afraid dress reform
i^ actually omlng The new bicycle
woman, If sho wonts what i* termed tho
"ideal ' costume, has neither trailing
6kirts nor deadly oonet stays
Oh! It's awful to think that some of
these womon am so immodest as to
dress about liko men. And thoy may
become as strong ami healthy,too, Isn't
it a shame'
A great many nay it   Is
say it isn't
And so, until further notlc,
arc advised to dress as their own
of propriety dictates,
No matter what tbo
ens won't fall —L. A
And   many
.'ar, the   heav-
w. Bulletin.
panada!* Orfnk Kills.
The following facts, compiled from the
hiit published Dominion Statistical Year
Book, go to show now the drink traffic
"helps trade ' in Canada Such faots
are well worthy of the serious consideration of overy Canadian citl/.un, no matter what may be his views In regard to
total abstinence. Official tables are
given of the value of the different kind;*
of 11 (tiors Imported Into Canada for home
consumption from IS77 to 1804 inclusive.
The total value oJ thosu importations
■ggregated is follows
Ale. beer nnd  porter $ 8,891,008
Cider 87,708
Malt for   browing 84?,ti3g
Spirits and wlnos 98,070,0(17
Graud total ISO B.'lO.fltU
'I lu , amount represents merely the
mouoy that wont out of Canada to pay
for those liquors nlon**, at Importers'
wholesale prices Tiny were consumed
from year to year and what bad Canada
or the Canadians to show for all that
outgo nl sho end ol 180}! Sin,ply nothing whatever that, added one lota to thn
prosperity health, advancement or happiness of tho country. Surely there
should bo, as soon as pos«tbln, a prohibition of tho importation of  liquors.
Woman as a RnstesH*
Whatever the test he tic or sensuous attractions, tho ultimate fact is thai when
peoplo assemble socially thoy meet to talk.
In popular definition "sociable" means
"conversation," ami "unsocial" means
silence." The success of any social
gathorltlg Will bo largely decided by the
prevailing spirit, of the conversation. Ami
iu this, more (ban iu any other feature of
the occasion, the personality of the hostess
.should appear. Xo matter how many
gifted conversation ttl is ts there may be
present, she .should not permit an outsider
to create tho atmosphere of her bouse.
Even the most diffident woman, who
glide.-* unobtrusively through a throng
elsewhere, should courageously assert
herself when the responsibility »f entertaining rests upon hot'. In her admirable
fearlessness she may recall tbe terse self-
announcement of Rob Hoy, "My foot is on
my native heath, and my imme is AJae-
Gregor,"—AgnosH, Morton in February
Ladies' Home Journal-
aS -
Dead-lock on the Nanaimo
,   Hotel License.
Petition to Discontinue the License Is
Favored bv the Mayor and Opposed by the Magistrate.
The Licensing Court was held Wednes-.
day afternoon, Mayor Davison presiding
and Magistrate Simpson also present.
Communications were received as fol-,
low a:
From Richard Gibson, applying for a|
transfer of the I loon hotel license from ■
himself to James Bennet.   Granted.
From Peter Weigle, withdrawing application for retail license for the International hotel.   Mr. F. Young,on behalf
of Mr. Weigle, asked that the case  he I
withdrawn from court. Rcquestgranted. I
Letters were also  read from W. Martin !
and .lames Tunstall, withdraw inn their
objections to the renewal of the license,
so that it is left with the city clerk to
issue a license when asked for.
From T. Bryant, on behalf of the Executive committee of the temperance societies, protesting against a continuance
of the license to Evans & Gough, as a
reasonable time had already been given
i,n which to rebuild tho Nanaimo hotel.
Mr. Simpson said that when this matter was formerly discussed by the board
extra time had been granted for the rebuilding of this hotel owing to Mr. Plan-
ta's difficulty with the Hirst estate. Some
little time elapsed before Mr. Westwood
was authorized to take charge of the
accounts, and during that time nobody
represented the estate. As soon as Mr.
Westwood was duly appointed receiver
he appeared before the late mayor and
himself, informing them of the intention to rebuild the hotel, and that, as the
license was really an asset of the Hirst
estate, they regarded it as only equitable
that the estate should still retain that
asset, reasonable time being given to rebuild. Subsequently Mr. Westwood tiled
a declaration to the efl'eet that as soon as
he could arrange for the necessary money
the building would lie erected. Another
difficulty arose about the foundation,
which also caused considerable delay. A
permit was granted by the late commissioners, and Gough & Evans had meantime gone on with their foundation. He
agreed with the communication that a
good deal of time had been granted, but
before the board took action he thought
the representative of the Hirst estate
should he allowed to appear before them.
As Mr. Westwood was then in Victoria,
he suggested the matter layover until
the next meeting.
At the request of Mayor Davison, the
declaration of Mr. Westwood was read
by the clerk.
Mayor Davison then said : " Mr. West-
wood was appointed receiver of the Hirst
estate, and he had made a declaration
on the 18th of June, 1895, and in this
declaration he stated that tbe construction of the building would probably be
commenced Inside of 60 days from that
date. I am not in Sympathy with the
manner in which this lease has been renewed from time to time owing to the
fact that the Hirst estate have had ample
time to construct a new building, or ball
a dozen if it were necessary ; and in my
opinion the renewal of this license from
time to time was not in the interests of
the public, and was certainly detrimental to those who are engaged in the hotel
business and who are complying with
the law and carrying on their business
in a legitimate manner. The better class
of hotels in tbiscilyhave been constructed at a cost to their owners of from $0000
to $16,000, and the lessees of which are
compelled to pay a monthly rental of
from $75 to $200. This, together with the
large outlay incurred in furnishing their
buildings and providing suitable hotel
accommodation, made it impossible for
them to compete successfully with such
a place as the Nanaimo hotel, the stock-
in-trade  of  which was  simply nothing
but liquors and cigars. The accommodation of tbe said building is not even
sufficiently ample to provide lodging for
the proprietors." In conclusion, Mayor
Davison emphatically objected to a continuation of this license on the ground
that the city granted no exclusive saloon
Mr. Simpson said the board could only
ileal witli the question  as  provided for
by tht statute, and that it was not the
duty of the board to study the interests
of people who had invested their capital
in the city.   The Government had declared that, in cases of accidents by fire
or otherwise, the license might be held
until the premises were rebuilt.    His
worship seemed to forget the objections
which had been urged against, a wooden
Structure and the time lost In consequence; also the delay occasioned by the
Council's discussion regarding the foundation.   Considering the difficulties experienced hy the Hirst estate, the delay
was not altogether unreasonable.   As a
natter of fact, it was the  Hirst estate
hieh would be chiefly affected by a re-
d to continue the license. Should the
se he withdrawn, that estate would
My never be able to put up the
■• at all.   Unless, however, the
•)k  steps within the next three
i get the matter in shape, he
inly agree with  his worship
ttiine had been granted,
on said very little time
getting permission iroin
the Council to build on the old site.
Permission was asked and granted to
erect a wooden structure thereon, and
fully live months bad elapsed since that
time and there is no indication of a new
building being erected further than the
pretense made by placing four eedar
sticks on the street to be used for the
foundation; hut he understood tho only
contract given at present was for the
placing of these sills in position, lie
was not in accord with Mr. Simpson's
statement that it was   uot  their duty to        ,,     ,,,•.., ,    ,•    .,
,.,„.. , ,, ii,      Mr. C. K.Stevenson (dt Steven
guard   the  interests of   those Who   bad e   r,    \       . ,   e ...
... ,     .,       .      son it Co.) returned from a trip to
made  large  investments    u   the   eitv.   ,,     ,.    .   '    ,,., , ,   .,      '
, ... , .. , .. ..   ,, the East on ihursday,  A Mail re1
"We are both servants of the city, ,     i   •!   i i •        •*..
, .     ,   .,,   .      ..,.,-      ,.",.  porter hailed lum with
lie explained,   "but   with   tins sligbt, *   ,.,,, ,,  , , ,    ,    ,
..„.   '      ,'.       ,   . . .      ,i    " Well, now do you feel after your
difference: he is a salaried servant, and |. .  ,,,, J J
Looking to British Columbia
for Relief.
Probability of  Unprecedented  Emigration Westward This Year.
The Gold Fever Abroad.
I perform my duties gratuitously. I am
sure it is my duty, as mayor of the city
and a member of thu Licensing Board,
to see that tbe interests ot tbe citizens,
both Individually and collectively, are
properly protected."
The subject was then dropped.
The board confirmed the mayor's temporary transf t of Jas. Bennett's license
to H. L. Rates.
The board then adjourned.
G. Baker was lined $'.'0
for selling beer after hours on Saturday
night last.
A meeting of the Nanaimo Cricket
Club will be held this evening at the
Hotel Wilson.
"I feel as if the British Columbia
climate and country is good enough
for me," he replied. "If a few of
these chronic kickers could have
had the same dose of snowstorms,
with the thermometer, as the Irish
man said, 'busted,' they would lie
more than satisfied .here. There is
a very marked improvement in the
Territories and Manitoba, and all
seemed to prosperous and going
ahead very fast, and a great portion of the grain seems to be still
ind $5 costs in the hands of the farmers. The
season this year, they all say, has
been very fine—only a few days
extreme weather. In Ontario they
seem to have an unusual amount of
snow with extreme cold, and, owing
The present government at Victoria to the drought, many sections seem
are as far off being overthrown as they ' to be suffering from it, and business
were on the day of election. | is consequently dull.     In Quebec
The bark   Leon   has  completed   her
cargo of 250,000 feet of lumber from
Haslam's mill, and is expected to leave
to-day for Alaska.
Ten dollars per day is the wage paid
to miners on the Yukon, and food is
sain to be one dollar per pound.
A co-operative store on a large scale is
being started in Westminster under the
auspices .of the Knights of Labor.
The Anglo-American Cold and Platinum Hydraulic Mining Company are
commencing operations on their Similk-
anieen property.
Mr. David  Kobson, ex-city   clerk  of
there  is  a much  better feeling, as
crops were good.   British Columbia
M. Bate, sr., returned from a visit to
the capital yesterday.
Mr. J. Dunsmuir and Mr. J. Bryden,
M. P. P., visited the city yesterday.
Rev. S. Cleaver returned to Victoria
yesterday after a brief visit with Rev. H.
R. Maitland.
Mr. G. W. Rowland has arrived in
this city to take charge of the Pioneer
laundry branch office.
Rev. 0. E. Cooper, of S. Matthew's
Church, Wellington, left on Wednesday
on a visit to the old country,
HeV. H. II. Maitland went to Duncans
yesterday to lill an appointment to lecture on "Wil and Wisdom" at the Methodist church.
Mr. 11. Wilkinson, of London, is a
guest at the Wilson Hotel. This gentleman is here to represent the English
capitalists who are interested in the
British Paeillc scheme.
Mr. II. P, Burton has started in th,
hay, feed and cattle business on Com
mercial street, next door to the Britan
nia Hotel.
Mr. E. E. C. Johnson, late head sales
man of A. B. Erskine, Victoria, has as.
sumed sole control of the Cash Boot and j
Shoe store, and will no doubt work up a
large trade in the business. There are j
separate departments for ladies anil j
and the  Northwest Territories are
attracting large number.- of eastern
people.    They predict this year the
greatest  emigration  from Eastern j
Canada to the West that, has vet ,     ,
,,,.,,        , .,   ,  •      once take the necessary steps to
occurred.   Manitoba and Kootenay        •,.. .-       ,
, .   ,. •   a military company formed ai
B. C. Affairs at Ottawa.
On March 5th Hon. Mr. Mclnnes
called the attention of the Senate to
tho fact that "there is no rille or
artillery company at present in
Nanaimo, in many respects the
most important port on the Pacific
coast;" and asked "if it was the
intention of the Government to at
nd to
um in the supplementary estimates to build a suit-
Manitoba and K
seem to  be the principal objective j ... ■
.     i   r   .    1, .1 put a sumcient
points,    in fact, all seem to be get-! v
ting the gold-mining fever, and in.   , ,    , .,,   ,    ,,   ■     ,,       .       ,.   ,
.,    ,     , ,i      • i .   i t able drill hall  tn the city of Na-
Montreal among the right class of     •     .„, J
• , ■• .  „ I naimo "
men—capitalists. \    r\    .i i .    a      ,     „,
n,r       ,    , .,    ,    . ..     On the same date Senator Mcln-
" I low about the business result      ,.   , ,,      .... {  ,,     Q
,      ,    , •   .„, called the attention of the Senate
of your trip? .   ii.,    • , . ....        . ,,
     • . _ __ 11.. * 11... 11... .1.11. li .. ..I uirt,t,f,--i nj tne
,   ,,       ,          ,n   to " the incomplete condition
twing to the extreme dull-, j_:l1  U11   :„'v    *.*.'....,.„•.,
...       .         ,                     , ,                       ,,ii             i drill hall in   New  Westminster,
\\ estminster, has been elected by acela-' ness of trade, 1  secured   	
mation to lill the vacancy caused by the
resignation of Aid. Arthur Hill.
A farewell reception wus given to Miss
Perdy by her pupils on .Monday evening
last and a very enjoyable time was spent
until one o'clock next morning.
The juice of shares in tiie different
mining companies of Alberni continue
to advance. Shares that were sold for
10 cents are now quoted at $1.50.
The Ciieniainus saw mill has succeeded in obtaining a modest contract for
6,000,000 feet of lumber and will start
ou the 21st instant to lill the order.
J. lv. Smith, a miner at Union, was
injured by a fall of rock on Thursday
and taken to the hospital, where he is
doing well. One of his ribs was fractured.
The Great Northern has offered a rental of 1(511(10 a year for a traffic bridge | Sunday school
across the Fraser at Westminster.   Tbe Prayer at 7 p
people are urging the Provincial Government to build it.
Tbe fishing season opens on Monday
aud in view of thai fact extensive purchases of fishing tackle have been made
by a number of amateur anglers who
who have promised themselves a few
days Sport,
The R. Dunsmuir Sons' Company has
incorporated in San Francisco with a
capital stock of $1,000,000, all of which
has been subscribed. The directors are
Alexander Dunsiniiir, James Dunsmuir,
James T. Boyd, Cavalier Hamilton Janett
and Alexander Gompurta,
A quiet marriage was solemnized by
Rev. Mr. Rogers on Tuesday at Wellington, the contracting parties being Jas.
Richards, the assistant surveyor for  R.
some wonderful bargains, which will be handled to the advantage of our customers. Samson, Kennedy & Co.,
one of the largest houses in Canada,
failed, and during llie crash we so-
cured bargains that will be impossible to duplicate in British Columbia."
Sunday at 4:30, Children's day. Speaker, Mr. R. VV. Clarke, Vancouver. Subject, "A Child's Influence." All young
people invited. At 8:80 the meeting
will be under the auspices of the Ep-
wortb League.   All welcome.
ST. AI.lux's eill'UCIl.
Third Sunday in Lent, March 15,lSSIii.
Holy Communion at 8 a.   m.; Morning
Prayer, Litany and sermon at 11 a. m. ;
at 2:'!o p. in.; Evening
in.    Week-day Bervics
and meetings—Daily Morning Prayer
and asked "if it was the intention
of the Government to place in the
supplementary estimates a sufficient sum to have the building
properly heated and lighted and a
caretaker appointed forthwith."
On March 9th Senator Mclnnes
called the attention of the Senate to
" the necessity of having a dredger
exclusively for the Fraser river, in
order to carry on necessary improvements to navigation at the
sandheads and elsewhere;" and
asked "if it was the intention of
the Government to put in the supplementary estimates a sum sufficient to build a first-class dredge
for the purpose above named."
Dry Goods
42 Pieces of Wool Dress Serge
•**"- 25 cts. per yard,
In Navy, Cardinal, Royal Blue, Black, Light, Mid and
Dark Greys, Fawn, Cream and Strawberry; also an excellent range of
Ladies' Black Cashmere Hose at 25c. pr.
Lookout for Bargains.
Chas. E. Stevenson & Co
41 and 43 Commercial St.,      Nanaimo, B. C.
^Pioneer Steam Laundry
have opened a Branch Office in the
McAdie Block, Victoria Crescent.
i    Parcels delivered in the city free of
Repairs Neatly done.
Shirts, Collars an.I Cull's a Specialty,
Box (.)5.
Terms strictly cash, 0. 0. I).
D. M. STEWART, Proprietor.
The Most Complete Stock
Sine. Swanson lias challenged Frank
Joncos, of Northflelcl,  to  a  wrestling
match, eatch-as-oatch-can style, for a
purse of $100.   It will be remembered
that Sine, downed the Frenchman two
9:80 a. ni.' Wednesday, children's set:-1 straight  falls in the recent   wrestling
vice with address by Archdeacon Scriven I tournament, but since that time Joncas
| at 8:80 p. m.; Evening Prayer with ad- has been to San Francisco, where he is
dress hy the Hector at 8 p. to.i O.E,T.tl.  Bald to have  received lessons from the
Thursday evening at 7:30.
Services at 11 a. M. and 7 P. u. Sunda v
Little Demon (.1. Acton) and now returns
with confidence of being able to down
the youth.   Joncas has expressed his
school and pastor's Bible claSB at 2:S0 willingness to wrestle Swanson at 120
p.m. Midweek meeting, Wednesday, pounds, and then go for higher game,
7:80 P.M. All seats free; all are invited. I and oilers to wrestle J. C. Stewart at
Rev. W.A. Gunton, pastor, 169 Farquo,r| the same weight.   Then Mat Wheeling
is after Swanson's seal]- and offers to
wrestle him at 140 pounds. Now Sine,
hurry up and reduce your weight anil
after you have thrown Joncas we can
Bible Society, will preach.    Bible clussl recommend a good boarding house, so
eiiKsiiYTKitiAN onOBOH.
At 11 a. in. Mr. Barron, of the Victoria 1.ranch of the British and Forelirn
and Sabbath school at 2:80 p. m. Evtav
ing service at 7, when  the  pastor will
Dunsmuir ei Sons, and Miss Agnes Kus-1 preach.   Seats free; all welcome.—J. C.
sell, a sister of Wm. Russell, of Welling-  Stewart, pastor pro ten-
ton.   The newly married couple left for
Victoria to spend their huneymau.
Iluring the week there have been quite
a few miners left the city lor the gold
fields of Kootenay. Messrs. ('. llempsey,
Harold Harold aud J. Graham were
among the number, and it is expected
I by the end of next month there will
hardly bean idle miner iu this city, as
they intend leaving for other parts.
On March 17th the Dairymen's Pro-
; vlneial Association will incut at Chilli-
wack, when the following papers will he
read: "Winter Dairying," 11. F. Page;
w. 0. T. o.
The usual women's meeting  will   be
held under the auspices of the W.O.T.U.
in St. Alban's church nt 4 p. in.
Nanaimo Spiritualists Association * a* i 11
meet in Spiritualists' hall, Odd-Fellows'
building, Sunday afternoon, Mar. 15, at
II o'clock.  Ladies' Aid meets at'.' p. u.
t.'irclesfor members only every Sunday
evening at 7:110.
Promiscuous circle every Thursday at
7:;i() p. M.   All are welcome.
that you can quickly put on the flesh to
accommodate Wheeling at 140 pounds.
 «. •>.	
The tie match between the Northlield
Violets and the Junior Wanderers of
Victoria will take place this afternoon
al tiie capital.
Jnlin Hull at the Y. M. C. A.
The following programme will be ren-
"Creameries," A. A. lving; "Silo," li
A.Wells.   At a subsequent meeting at  dered to-night:
Langley, "The Care of Cattle" will be; pai't i.
the subject of Mr. Cunningham's ad- Piano Solo Mr. V. Stewart
,irpaa Song Mr. H. Johnson
„'       . ,   .,      . Song  Miss CiMiner
Ur. Davis, coroner, held an inquest on ; Reoftetlon Mr.  11. McKenzie
the body of Klik Tee on .Monday.   The  Hong Mr. H. Smith
medical evidence failed to show bow de-  Song Miss Bertram
ceased came to bis death, and although ' J.'*1-*"-*-'*- Ua,v    -boo',!
,, , ,   ,    .'      .    , -.Song Aid. A. h. 1 'until
the coroner charged the jury in favor of  Song—"Sailing" Mrs.  Pollard
an open verdict,  that body  returned a  Recitation  Mrs. Cavidsky
verdict that he met hiB death by being i Song  Mr. C. Brenton
accidentally run over on the New V. C.   h""i-.
.Mrs. l'otts
I Cu's track, where be bad no business to
I'lie public meeting held at Victoria
Piano Solo.
.Mr. V. Stewart
, .Mr. R. Smith
Mrs. Iloneyman
j on Thursday night for the purpose of . Recitation Mrs. Cavulsky
! condemning the Provincial government  Song...  .Aid. A. K. Planta
,        .      •*.      .. u ,.,„ u.ui.1   i>.     Song—"Storm at Sea" Mrs. Pollard
for not putting through tbe i.ntish Pa-, ".^ Mq  Mj|jg Wmon
cilia Hellenic,  turned out favorably for i gong  Mr. C. Breuton
Premier Turner, although at the outHet  Song Miss Bertram
it was clearly Indicated that the major-   Recitation .Mr. II. McKcnzie
1 ,        , ,       .. ,!    Sons  Mr. J. W. Doheson
ity   were  against   him.    However, his        >>  Mr  1: Jo|mson
■ truthful and business-like explanation I       G|iairmttn_J. If. Cocking, Esq.
satislied the audience that he had taken I       Accompanist—Miss Watson.
1 the right staud. 1       Admission 10 cents.
Another Libel Suit Imminent.
The last number of the Victoria Com
mercial Journal contains the following
item :
" Daley & Graham, barristers, Nanaimo, dissolved;  D. I '•. Daley continnues."
The Victoria Times says: On the
Victoria board of police commissioners a deadlock has occurred because of the government's failure to
appoint a third commissioner. In
the Nanaimo license board a deadlock has occurred for a similar reason. When the provincial government usurps municipal functions,
surely the least it can do is to see
that its usurpation dee-: not block
municipal business.
The date for the execution of
Holmes has been fixed by Governor
Hastings for May 7th.
Jas. McGregor's
Victoria Crescent.
Restaurant and Chop House
Commkkciai. SinBET,
Oysters in every stylo.
Menls, 25c. and upwards.
Good Beds, 2!5c. and upwards.
Spring Chicken always on hand
From the present Proprietor,
-Arli-Qgtoi} Hotel,
Having completed the erection of Uio Arlington
Hotel ut NAXOOSK DAY, tills hiia.lsc.me und
oommodloufl ImU'l is now prepared to rwi't'e
antl comfortably entertain travelers nnil others.
in provided over by Mrs. Thompson, and tiie
Table d'Hote constantly provided with nil the
dclicuciofl oi the season. Combined with tho
e)ugattt furnished ap'artmentB, the visitor finds
tho surroundings! of the most ploasant description,
City Market
Wholesale and Retail Butchers
Try Philpott's Tomato Catsup
25u. and 50c. per llottlo.
We Never Sleep.       Open Day and Night.
Private Boarding
*— AT TUB —i
Wallace Street,
and the . . . UNION BREWERY.
P. O. Box 227
Telephone 7-8
Ask for-:-    (^S.T1""1
Lawrence's te;^;;:;,
ManufacturerotTemperance Drinks, EtyrupB.dtpi
Delivered frcoto nil parts oi oltyaiiavloinlly.
tasr I'limii.t attention pui.i toBMon{q-iolder--.
Telephone8.4, P.O.Box79. n»naihii.
For Bent.
Two Large Stores
On Victoria Orescent, in best
situation. Kent moderate. For
particulars apply at
Oban Cigar Factory.
Our Clfiirs nru made of the choicest Havana
Tobaccos.   Our famous
Cuban Blossom -**■•>
Black Diamond
Are flailed for everywhere, and are superior to
any imported cimir.   Made by Dnlon Labor,
M. J. BOOTH, Wharf Street.
JOS. I. BROWN, Watchmaker.
.Watches Demagnetized shortNotice
By BPEOIAL MAt'UlNKKY on tho Premises,
Fine and Complicated Watches and ('locks
Carefully Cleaned and Repaired
Fine CYCLOMETERS, forlllcyclcs, In Stuck.
Johnston Block, Commercial Street, Nanaimo,
^ Scotch Bakery   J
Has not changed hands—only one ol the
partners has retired; but
Our Celebrated Bread
Is made by the same hands, and customers can depend upuii gettfliffthe mime
Sweet Bread and
Fresh Cakes
c. c. Mckenzie,
Land Agent and Conveyancer,
Town Lots and Farms tor Sale.  Money to Loan
un Mortgage at low rates.
Agent for the United Fire Insurance Company
of Manchester, England.
TheGty Tea Supply Co,
Are giving away a few handsome Premiums
in books, eoindKtliiK of Shakespeare," Musical Leaves," " Royal Gallery of Poetry and
Art," "The Favorite Cook Hook," etc. On
obtaining one oi these books it entitles the
purchaser to a membership in the tilobq
Library Association.
W. W0RDEN, SBifi
Mahket, Bastion Stheet.
Hteainers and Shlp-iini: supplied on short notice
at Wholesale Prices. t\t
AT BROOKS', 50YI0T«1M? i


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