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The Nanaimo Mail Feb 29, 1896

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4S.-TUUTI '.'lyi'tfilWtVi
'■        '-..',;,.'    .rtir-llTUlV.VA',.*,*
no. 37.
We hove jusl Opened out a Large ?tocl< of
Prices as Alwaj'S, Down to the Lowest Notch.
GROCERIES nre still very low in price   The goods are
the best obtainable.
Potatoes, per sack  65 cent--.
Jains,  Til, pails  65
Beans, 401bs  I 00
Rolled Oats. 301bs    1 00
California   Table   Fruits,   Pears,    Apricots,
Peaches, quality guaranteed, 5 tins 1 00
|    CI .ni. d Currants, L21bs  1 00
Musctttelle Raisins, choice, 201bs  I 00
I    Valeni in Raisins, extra good, L41bs  1 00
Everything else in the name ratio,"and weguarantee quality in
: every iase    Send along a trial order and be satisfied.
Goods mi'I Prices and Price.- are right,
Full Itetuvns From the Small
Debts Courts.
A Bill for the Ronoilt of Mechanics
mul  Laborers*—Opposition* in
11,,' School Lands Bill,
: |,'i  Our I ,'.\ !,,,..,,• itoll '
Victoria Crescent. ,-ota
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& t\     i       i ni      a i
t   KAATOll/i \hAD.\TAPD i
No. 19 Commercial Street,
tjrJKAli V   UJ EjJjIIIiu
; On  SfrtnrflflU    I'Vh   29          J
i —               I
•■' x
J'' The Latest Styles of Mens, Womens and Ghil- %
i %
1 dren's Goods.   Will be sold at Lowest Cash %
S t»
$ Prices.                                                              ^
| -         E.E.C. JOHNSON, Mgr.     5
I $
&••* ■*'-iK^'«a^a-q.'«^v^''*^'«''^<»./%'^*.'>'a**- *>■% u'j- •*-'*■**■ i* '■va <5, ■ wi- •«/•*
of England Cloth.
Your Choice for   -   -   -
OVERCOATS—A fine line of those Heavy
Chinchillas.   Will clear at $20.00.
* The Fashionable Tailor,
('ommercial Street.
Eon Speaker Higging I ,ol( the
chair at two o'clock.
The most of the afternoon lession
was taken up in motions uf which
due notice bad been given.
Mr. flume moved for u return of
Crown grants given in Kootenay
under the mineral acl up to 31st
Dec, L895, tisj to taxes paid there in,
-.'. -ni the names oi the holders, Mr,
Sword's motion us ti making it
compulsory to so tie logs taken from
Government lauds was agrei ,11,,.
I'l'.A'-i H   RIVER  FLOODS.
Mr, Sword moved thai u rt spi cl ■
ful address be presented to His
Honor the Lieutenant-Governor,
praying him t<> Hend down to the
'huvii-i' copies of any correspondence
v.'il, the Dominion goverm tent relating to the proposed join! action
of his government with that of the
Fraser river, as preliminary to a
possible ,-\ stem oi protection.
The motion, after some debat i !;i
which the circumstances of the la il
flood mi Lhe Frit er were reviewed,
was passed.
Mr. Sword said thai the government had laid down the prim ipie
thai their eagerness to assist the
unfortunate b< ttler oh tiie Fraser
river who had suffered from tho
freshets ol 89: must be b ','■ in
chei k until they could have a prt -
liminury Burvey made (i. e. thougli
ibis wae k< pi in ii,.' back ground
till the g< neral eli i:'", ti i , over,).
': hi re mij hi ' ■ « •>■ foi - ■ gumi it
as to li),- nei essily for this di lay
ei, re undertaking work of protection, bul the govornmenl insisted
,,ii its necessity and the sufferers
could only acquii ice. Such being
tho case the underhand way in
which the government contrived to
evade the carrying oul of their
pledge in this m titer had
thoroughly disgusted all ivho were
conversant wiih the facts, and
made all those who bad supported
Lhe g ivernmi i.i at tiie general election tee] thai their confidence had
been misplaced, The nature of the
reclamation required for overflowed
lands In low Sumas, where the current was comparatively slack, could
not be affected by the results of
any survey, and il was there only
that any dy king schemes had n
ceived the gov, rniui nt guarantee
given as the excuse for noncarrying
.nn the anti . I,, ion programme.
■ he upper p irlion of the district
where trie curri ut is more wipid,
and where thi greati st dai ta ; I id
been suffi r id, bad not the slightei I
interest in any of Ihese scheme!
and ii survey of that portion of the
river might have been of considerable benefit nol only in showing
how hii' various channels might be
the result of the expected hydraul-
icing works in the neighborhood of
Hon. Col. Baker said that lhe
scheme alluded to by Mr. Sword
was ii„'i large and too comprehensive
to warrant the government in Liking it up; bul they had contented
themselves with granting assistance
to Beveral smaller dyking Bchemes
nnd negotiations were now in progress with the Dominion government by which their a i lam i
would be obtained In preventing
floods by dredging the channel,
lowing logs and driftwood out oi
the channels of navigation. The
correspondence on the subject
would lu* brought down.
Mr. Kitchen proceeded to dre s
Col, Baker down In connection
with the promises made by him to
the Bottlers of tho river at the time
of tht, flood, and the way these
poor people had been treated was
mid in the extreme,
Mr. Walkem asked the Hon.
Chief Commissioner of Lands and
Works: Subsequent the passage
of what ir- vonnm,uly known us the
"Settlement Act." and prim to the
transfer of the administration of
the island Railway reserve to the
10. & N. I!. Ii. Oo., were any Crown
grants (in accordance with tho
land laws then in force) for any
portion of these. reserved lands
given to any person?   And if Buch
Crown granl 3 havi   bei      e ren,   to
. , ■.
Hon, Mr. Martin replied:   Ko,
i   I \ M,   r'OIl   -  I, PUitl
Tho Hou o went   into committee
", bill    ' ,   Stoddarl   in  the
ohi M r.        ',  ',     oppi ■■"!   to
thi 11 us it gavi   hi      od    at a
prii mi   b   b,        t!   ir  value to
I hi culator.   The warrants i   i
pui e land   ,i .' , i r* lovi figure
■■.'h wi iv reallj   ol  gn   '   value.
'< I I       tnds   had   :      Id   he
(F i*) was in favor of put tin
\' \■ !   lands   up   to   auclion  and
tin i tin  buyi ; k',,.i what   lie  was
getl ;   and   il   brought   its   true
ng rambling ,i; n ussion took
pla, e in w hit h members, instead of
c ii fii ing their critici -m to the
olaui e of tht bill under discussion
talked all round tin ihop until 6
o'olock,.when thecommitteo ro e, reported progress and asked leave to
Bit again.
The ! lou.'C then adjourned.
Speaker Etiggins took   the ohair
at 2 p. in.
Hon. Mr. Martin introduced a
bill amending the Game At i.
M ' ~:o;i! is (Lillooet) moved for
a return showing: i. Amount of
mon, y id *an i d by the govcrn-
menl to purchase feed and seed for
settlers in New Westminster district during the year 1894! 2,j
The amouht thai has  bi en  repaid
;,, the gove 'nmenl by '•'■."■ e sel •
,'.n tccount of such   advances.     3. j
The amount of m< ney advanced by
, the government to pun hase feed
ami st ed f >r settli rs tu Sew \\ est-
minster district during the year
1895.   -I.   The numbei   oi settlers
I mi such advani •- were made
durinj  1895,   fj. At what date s i
isui'ii ailvancei i ■ be repaid to ' he
gov rnment. 0. What amounthas
been n pai i to the government by
But h Bel i.' . ■.     ■ greed to,
Thi f< Hewing bills wi re read a
set und time,
•■ , Hi,';,;,'  i ight   Company
i ,, i porati, n.     ■!,'. Keilie.
[•Jew V • ",.:': t<,- and Bui rar I
in: ■; Teh pi me Company act
amendment.    M r. Adams.
\,; non and Nelson Felephone
Company act amendment. Mr.
ii. C, Southern Railway, Col.
Bi ker.
Columbia and Western l!.ii!',v;i\r.
■ Mr. Kiiiv
Ashcruft vV Cariboo Railway.
wo.mkn's council.
A committee of this earnest and
useful . auncil presented a petition
asking : hal matrons be appointed in
j iila where females are tncan eted.
; he ,..,!., r voted the petition oul
of order, but ii iras hande i over to
Dr; Walkem, chairman of the
. tinting Committee for action.
•' ITOOL  LANDS   T:il.l .
The house agaiu went into  coi t
. littei on this bill and  iu  the debate   therein   li,"    members    I r
South    tsanaimo   (Walkem)  and
■ ::--;:\r ([rving) opposed lhe
scheme of selling the public li ndi
by roving warrants,
The committee ultimately rose
wh ooui making tinj progress.
.'i .ii   niiR'i   coi hrs.
Dr, Waikem asked th i Uto j
< leneral win n thi returns from the
Magistr ties «-, re t i be expectt i,
Ample time had been given to obtain ti reply and it was tn ating tl •
House with disret-* I   to be  kept
waiting for this information.
Mi Klu','1 said lhal be hoped the
returns would be brought dow n
-!, irtly.
Mr. Walkem Tins House has
.ilr. ady received that answer on
two former occasions and ii wai
unsati -I' ti n .     Ii  those  retui nt
wero ii"!  bef  the  House at  an
early dati he would ask the House
to lake such Bteps as would enfon e
their ordi i to public servants, or
they would know the reason why.   |
'I he i li iso ■;" o adjourned,
• i hai ' i u    ioneri hould  I iariboo road bi twe,     '. hi rofl and
have been appointed  for thi   revi    Bakerville (Mr. Adams), with  Mr.
ol   ti"    tatutes.     That an)   McGregor in the chair.    The bill
changes from the law as it   al  pre- provide :
entstand      , gested bj   Lhe  com-  '   2, After the flrst'day of  M trch,
mie  i    hould  have  b     L897, it shall be unlawful  for any
d to this  house,  and  should  wagons or vehicles.tif the following
havi been included in the revision cairying capacities to be drawn
itself, until and only so far ae such driven on tin trunk   road   between
■     ■    ed changes had beei adopted   Asheroft and Barkerville unless the
I il"    ■      \'i'l  thai  proper  tires thereof shall be of the width
I  ■'   ttion   h ',.:'l :," taken by  the  ae follows:
government   to   ensure  ';,,   worl       (a.)   iVagona    of    a     carrying
■ n   done at   the   leasl   expense  capacity of   up in   2,500   pounds
intible with the importance of weighl    avoirdupois,   tires  of thi
width of two .'inil one-half inches al
spoke again i   the leasl:
Mr.   Williams     (b.) Wagons of a carrying capacity of over 2,500 and up to 4,000
Resolution lost on part) divi ion  pounds weight avoirdupois, tires of
ofl0tol9. the  width  of  not less than four
inches at the least:
(c.)  Wagons of a carrying capacity oi  over  4,000  pounds  weight.
of the width  of
than iivo inches at   the
u   '., irk."
i [on. Mr. Turner
ii'" resolution and
in support of ii
Mr.    Mat pherson   tnovi ,1 for a
return showing   the rate per ton   .
,     f   • , ,. ■ , avuirttupuis, tirei
charged on freigntfor various classes U)t  i
of goods;   rate   for  carrying   Her
Majesty's mails; express rates and
passenger rates; also the total   mm
derived unde
heads, on th
railway, for the various periods for
Mr. Kitchen moved an amendment to make the bill applicable to
.       -      - ,. . .     u;i:.,ji tu I
1 "v:1; ,,f u« d",f""   the whole province.
The amendment being referred to
the Speaker, was rule! out of order
winch returns have been mo 11
.,            .  ,      , in tne absence of instructions from
Mr. Sword thought that the gov- the House.   Section  1—the   short
emment should lake steps to see title-was then adopted,
that the returns made are erred, Mr.Semlin moved, as an amend-
andthat the railway is being given ment lo section 2, to give effect  to
credit for the full amount of traffic the bill from 1st  March, .1900, in-
of all Borts carried over the line. stead of 1897
Hon. Mourner said  ii  is  tin- Mr. Booth moved*n amendment
intention of the government to in- to   the amendment   to make the
quire thoroughly into  this matter, j.ll0 is| m ,,v,.   |ggg
as they thought they should  have This was   adopted on division,
received more  than  had  come to ,lll(.   t!„,  committee rote and re-
them,       I hey   once   had  similar porterj progress
doubts with "" peel to theShuswap Hon. Mr, Turner presented a re-
i kanagan, and sent  an  auditor turn giving the report of the audi-
to   Montreal,  where the accounts tor upon the accounts of ihe road
are kept, to make an examination, superintendent of Easl Lillooet.
with the result, unfortunately, that Th, speaker  ruled  Mr.  KeUie's
he found an  overpayment to  the atnendmeht  rr resident  Judge of
province if Pl.500. Vancouver, out of order.
;' "i"!'/'-';-"■■ to. The house adjourned at 5:45.
Hon. ." r. !.," i ■ presented a re-
turns), ringtfa   nu.n   irof plaints notices op motion.
interedin the small  debts court, Mr. Keilie-   Co introduce a bill
i irj the fees received; respecting the incorporation of tele-
i".,.,',.    Foes, graph and telephone companies in
•itovis,-^ ilaerae             ! $l,2i}0 00 Wesl Kootenai district,
Mr. Sgiith    ':   insert in ll,,- gatae
bill as d new cl.iu-, ; "Xut-.villi-
andihg anything in the said act
84 -,■; contained, no person shall be liaMe
under any of the provisions thereof
by reason of his having in his
possession any skins, heads, horns,
or other parts of the animals men-
lit,tied therein, if the same shall
have come into possession in the
ordinary course of business or have
been acquired by him for his own
purposes other than food."
*■"■..-      '!  Hin
'. ., t)u
'. ni   i    .1.  \ l>ruir,s ...
■  . 50
Vancouver   :.'..1..'. ntlerroii
1)2 50
—W. \. Bolt
:,,. 50
- .1. A. Kii— 11   .
34 50
We tuilnstei—V . \. H Ic
1 50
—ti. Pit.teiidrlgli
HI) 50
Kaslo- \. \V. i\ littht,
41 50
i'..,.,,:..,.)..—-ii. C, Tmistall
i 1
— .|,i,i'',' Splnks
18 50
—C. W. trelan 1
5 50
Donald—J. i'. Armstron
"-. 50
Osovoos-*C.A.li. I..111.,'!.,'.
! 00
Mr. Helmcken moved the second
reading of the bill "for the ben< lit
of ni,', hanics end laborers." This,
as he explained in detail, provides
for an ludisputable lien by employes and material men on any
worl the result of their laborer for
which they have supplied materials;
and   provisions   are    inserted
seeureowners agaiust hardship or
Hon, Mr. Eberts congratulated
tbe hon. member upon the cure he
had ;akeii in framing what must
,). ■, sarily be an intrii ate measure.
iie agreed with tin' principle of the
bill, which is in the interest of the
laborer in I'm ther securing him in
iii-   rights,  while recognizing  thi
i ssity, in  view of recent deci-
■ !,,' law with i'
The late Bishop Hill's will shows
he :,,.- lefl an estate valued at£17,-
851 12s. 7d.
The   United  States government
to propose to colonize the reindeer in
Alaska, to take the place of dogs.
A bill has been introduced in the
Hi use of Commons to prevent newspapers being published on Sunday.
[■"he Grand Trunk and Canadian
Pacific have been successful in killing the pn ji i to charter an electric road Eroi . Montreal to Windsor.
Father Lai orabe has i* ritten another   letter  to  Mr.  Laurier con-
sions, of declaringu.».»» m,,, ,*•• demninghlm for betraying his con-
L also to the lien of the material  ,., ..- i,;e
r„l, nee by the  publication of his
last letter.
Al a convention of Liberals at
Portage la Prairie, Dr, Rutherford,
M. P. P., was chos, n as the Liberal
m m,
Mr, Sword spoke against giving
,:. ' "in'iii of a lien to the material
man, who he considered should be
inthe position of any ,, ther creditor, and not in the exceptional candidate for theComi ions for the
pn itiou of a workman.
Mr. !i,.,i raovi ,1: " That a n ipect-
ful address ',„' presented to ili-
Honor ihe Lieutenant-Governor,
praying him to uvire upon lhe
Dominion government the necessity of immediate »! ipe being taken
to pro tool the 1 aiuk ot tne Cowichan
river, so as tu preveni the great
damage caused by overflow."
Hon,   Mr. Turner endorse!
resolution   and   the   motion
agreed to,
si S ll Tl  REVISION,
Mr. Semlin in. veil:    "That
the opinion of   this   House
ii i:'.
Macdonald constituent y,
Professor Odium, of Vancouver,
'i bi en app anted hy the Province ,! Uovernmi nt lo represent the
provim e ;it tne immigration convention held in Winnipeg this
The directors of the Bank of B-
C. at a recent meeting declared a
dividend of 5 per cut. for the year
Iso.",, besides leaving a balance of
£2,409 9s. id, to be carried forward. The actual profit nnd loss
account amounted to $ 17,409 9s. 4d.
Thedirectors of the Bank of British North America recommended a
balance dividend of 2 per cent,,
making a total distribution of 4 per
cent, foi ilie year en,led December
31st, leavirfg £3,700 to lie carried
forward. For 1894 the dividend
paid was 4'. per cent,
About 1000 lithographic artists
strike in
Hon, Col. Baker spoke in support
il 11 bill, and Dr. Waikem against
giving ibe material men a lien.
I.iil read a -eeonil lime on ilivi-
Mr. Hunter presented ihe eighth
report of the private1 bills can
mittee, declared the preamble
prove,;,,f the Consolidated Railway
and Light Company act amendment bill, and reported tho bill
with amendments. Report adopted,
Mr. Martin presented "Extracts
from Crown Lauds Reports" containing Mr.Lee's report on the Big
Bend country and Mr. Burnyeat's
on Trinity Valley in Easl Vale.
The bill presented byMr.Graham
lo preveni cattle stealing was read
a second lime.
Mr. Graham moved the second
fading   «fth..U«JWM-™d;^^XS2dto«i.bf
Water Courses bill    to   correct a  — --■   ,     lnternationai Lith6-
rmstakeol last session,   Agreed to. o^ei^ ^.^ ^ ^^^ ln_
wii'H ti litis Koit cariboo roads. sutaoce and Protective Association
TheHousewefnt into committee torn readjustment of,their relations
on the bill io regulate the width, of with employers iron recognition uf
lire-' which may be used on the the,r union. THE   REMEDIAL  BILL.
Explanation <>» lis Soope—Standard ot
Education to be iiHj.'-ume as Under the
Present Act.    	
In the II ,'. b J Coinm i s oc'the 11th
Iii:. Dii ;■,-'■■ movi I for leave to Introduce
a bill entitled ' . i, Ken edial Act of
Manitoba." There were criea of "Explain." The Free Press says : Mr. Dio-
fcev rising said, "Sir, Speaker, I am
afraid any explanation loan give to-day
vri-li the members of the house not in
possession of the bill, will be very iiuue-
i.uate. and really will uot furnish hou.
members with any ileiiniie information
as to the cloto.iisj of the bill, The only
thing I can say to the house iu aski ii*
leave to introduce the bill is to refer to
tbe general lines on which it, is drawn.
J may say that iu ilrsftinst it tho lines of
tho old lesisiatioti iu Manitoba have been
followed aj closely as possible iu oruer
that while restoring those rights which
it was thought lieti'abie should be restored, it should not transgress the lines
of the jurisdiction of this parliament. It
has been a matter ot very grave difficulty,
1 need scarcely say, to frame the bill.
Tne general scheme I may state is this:
it was fouud impossible to restore to the
Koman Catholic minority iu Manitoba
those rights which it was thought they
were entitled to under the constitution
without establishing a sv-stem of separate
schools. 1 u order to make that workable
a board of education is to be established
in the province for separate schools, composed of tho same number of members as
the Catholic eection of tiie board of education, This board will have power
with ri sped to organizing and carrying
on the schools. The standard of education to be taught in these schools and the
standard of the teachers who are qualified to hold licenses in these schools, are
to be the same a? in the public school act
of Manitoba, not identically the same,
but of the same standard. The persons
who contribute to these schools, arc to be
prima facia all Ci'tholies in Manitoba,
out the Roman Catholic who prefers
t-hat his children shall attend the public
schools, and decides thnt he will contribute to the public schools has a right to
make that choice hy giving certain notice, which will be found in the bill, and
no becomes a contributor to the public
schools and not to the separate schools.
"The inspection is of a double kind.
What 1 ma j* call the everyday inspection
of the schools for the practical working,
is to be carried on by inspectors, to be
appointed hy the new board of education,
the body to which I have referred.
There is a further inspection to he made,
oy inspectors to be appointed, or to be
authorized in that behalf, by the Lieuten-
ant-governor-in-counei! in the province
of Manitoba. These inspectors of tbe
iocal government will inspect them sim-
plv for the purpose of certifying to the
efficiency cf the teaching in the schools.
It is thought that an entirely independent inspection should be had for the
purpose of testing efficiency: but as 1
have said,the practical everyday inspection is to be made by what we mar call
domestic inspectors appointed by the
board of edccation. It is not necessary
for me, I think, to go into any further
details. The bill' provides for certain
powers as to trustees, and as to ratepayers and other matters that are essential
to the working of the Echoois system.
and arc which are necessarily in the ca
nire of details which cannot be discussed
at the present time. One verv trouble-1
some question dealt with by the 'oil! is
tbe queE'.ion cf ichool books, That. I
maysay, gave us a great deal of difficulty,
but it was finally settled on this basis:
that the board of education should have
the choice of school books: should be able
to chose them; their choice, however,
being limited to this; they shculd only
select school books that havs been the
choice of the publia schools of Manitoba,
or the books in the public separate
schools in the province of Ontario." That
gives a fair range of choice, and it will
secure, I think, what will be readily admitted to be a very high standard cf
books. These are the general lines of
the bill. I do not intend particularly to
discuss either the details or the principle
of the bill to-day, because this can be
more fittingly done on another occasion.
I do not think I need say more to put
the house in possession of the lines'on
which the bill has been drawn."
Mr. McCarthy asked: "Perhaps the
hon. gentleman will tell the house about
the financial aspect of the measure'.'"
Mr. Dickey replied: "The financial aspect of the measure is this: The Catholics who become adherents of this school
system, or rather, who do not dissent
from this Echool system, are allowet to
tax themselves for the separate school in
their district, and they are exempted from
taxation for the public schools of Manitoba. The municipality is enjoined by
the bill to collect the whole municipal
taxes over the whole of the property in
the municipality and distribute it for the
mpport of schools in the municipality:
by property in that sense I mean Roman
Catholic property subject to the tax for
the support of separate schools. Tbe subject of a legislative grant was one of very
Brave difficulty, and the constitutionality
of the provisions relating to that wit!, I
have no doubt be the subject of discussion in the house, But so far as the bill
is concerned, the attempt that was made
by the government was. this: There were
two aspects of the question, The sharing
of the legislative grant, which was
one of the rights adjudged primarily to
the Roman Catholic minority :*i Manitoba in the Privy 3otiucil decision in
England and Canada. That, therefore,
was one of the rights to which they were
partioulai ly entitled, tin the other hand
it, was felt that for this parliament to
attempt to interfere directly with supply
granted to the province ol Manitoba
would lead to enormous practical ,3'iffi
cutties, besides being of a highly od'ensive
character, il I may use that term, to the
local authorities. The government did
not feel that this house had any .'onsti-
tutional authority to deai practically
with the question "of the liglslatlve grant,
and so far as the difficulty was considered
possible of solution, it is solvsd in the
bill which I propose to introduce by adjudicating that the right to share in the
legislative grant be one of the rights and
privileges of the Catholic minority in tie
province of Manitoba, Taking it for
granted—as I think later discussion will
show we have a right to do—that tbe
province of Manitoba itself will, after the
system is established,supply that fund tc
the separate schools.    That of course
will be a matter of discussion later on.^ I
do not know that I can say anything
further just now as to the financial aspect
of the case.
Mr, Laurier—"I would like to aol: my
hoti. frier.d if he can tell me at '.his moment by •thom the board of education
for the separate schools is to be ap -
." inted."
Mr. Dickey—"It is to be appointed bv
the. lieutenant-governor in-couDcil of
Manitoba and after three months default
in caking any appointment the gover-
uor-gencraldn-council is. clothed with
power to ill! vacancies or to appoint the
Mr. Choquette—''I desire to ask if the
bill received the approval of the religious
Mr. Ouimet—"The honorable gentleman may make er-|uiries for himself."
Mr. I.anrier—"Is the hon. gentleman
I prepared at this moment to hx a day for
: the second reading of this very import-
1 ant measuro."
Mr. Dickey—"No, I  am not   prepared
i at this moment, but I have no doubt the
I leaders of  both sides of  the house could j
I agree later on to fix a date."
Mr. Laurier— "1 would suggest that I
I some time would be needed for the study ,
I of this bill beiore the second reading is !
j fixed."
Mr. Dickey-—"(Juite so, I would point
i out to the hon. gentleman that the bill is
I not printed in French vet."
Mr. Mills (Bothwell)— 'I would like to
I ask whether it is the intention of the
1 government to communicate a copy of
| this bill to the government of Manitoba
j before rhe second reading, and whether
I they will be invited to express any opin-
j ion upon the subject'.'"
Mr, Dickey (after consultation among
i the ministers,—"I think there would be
i no objection at all to that course being
I followed ; although I do not know that
j it would be necessary if it is considered
| more courteous it shail certainly be
j done."
Mr. Hazen—"I wish to ask the minis*
, ter of justice how many   clauses the bill
Mr, Dickej—"There are 11- clauses."
Mr. Martin—"Do I understand the hen,
gentleman to say it is printed in English
, and will be distributed to-,.!av '."
Mr. Dickey—"No, but I think very
shortly. Probably to-morrow ortheday
j after."
The  bill was then  read a first time.
The bill recites in the preamblr the
reasons which have induced the Dominion parliament to pass legislation o: this
character, and declares It expedient to
do eo. The provincial authorities are
authorized to appoint a Catholic board of
education for the province, consisting of
not more than nine person; who must be
Koman Catholics, three of whom will retire annually. This board will be charged with many duties, chief among which
are the control and management of separate schools, and the selection of text
books, and issuing of teachera certificates,
but it is especially enjoined on the board
that the text books cms; be equal to
those used is the public schools of tbe
province, while the teachers themselves
are not to be inferior to those who have
passed through prc-inciE! Normal
schools, aud are employed in public
schools. In the event of the provincial
authorities failing to appoint a Catholic
board of education, euch board will be
appointed by the federal authorities. A
snperintenuant of public schools is to be
appointed by the provincial authorities,
who will have genera! supervision and
direction of Catholic schoois.
[[Separate school districts may be created
on petition of ten heads of families who
must pledge themselves to a certain
amount of financial support to the school
each vear. Where a municipality fails
to organize a Catholic school district,
power will devolve on the board of education. In the event of a municipal
council failing to collect takes, power ie
given to trie Catholic board to raise
them, No Koman Catholic will be taxed
for the support of a separate echool if he
notifies the municipal authorities thai he
desires hie taxes to go to the public
schools, but hi3 responsibility to pay
Catholic school taxes will remain until
the day of declaration of his desire to
support public schools. In caeca where
I toman Catholics predominate In any
school district and Protestants have to
attend these schools, provision is made
for regard to the wishes of parents in the
matter of children abstaining from Catholic exercises. Inspectors ot separate
schools may be appointed and in the
ovent of any school proving inefficient,
the provincial grant may be withdrawn.
Clause two enacts: "The Lieutenant-
governor-incouncii of the province of
Manitoba shall appoint ar.d constitute a
separate school board of education for
Manitoba. A certain number of persons,
not exceeding nine, all of whom shall be
Roman Catholics. Three of such members, recorded at foot of list of the members of the board, as entered in ihe minute book of the executive council of the
province of Manitoba, shall retire and
cea.-e to hold office at the end of each
year, which for the purposes of the art
shall be held and taken to be the 2nd day
of October annually, and the names of
members appointed in their stead shall
be placed at the head of the list, and
three members so retiring in rotation and
annually may be eligible for reappointment."
Clausen, if the lieutenant-governor-
In-councll does not within three months
after the coming into force of this act
make appointments to separate school
board : or if the lieutocaiu-go'/enior-in-
oounoll dots not fill anv vacancy that
may from any cause occur in the separate school board within three months
after the occurence of such vacancy,
then, in either such ease, the governor-
general shall make any appointment not
made by the lieutenant-governor-in-
Ciause 4, The department of education may, for observance of separate
schools, make regulation for the registering and reporting of the daily attendance oi all separate schools in the province, subject to the approval ofjthe
lieutenact-governor-in-couacil. The department of education may also make,
from time to time, such regulations as
they may think fit for the general organization of the separate schools.
Clause 5. Defines the duties of the
Roman Catholic board of education. It
is to have control and management of
the separate echoois; to arrange for
examination and licensing of teachers, whose eeculir qualifications are
to be of the provincial standard : the
board also to recognize all tiro-
vinical certificates to teachers. The
board is   to  select  books  within   the
limits above described. It is to have
power to regulate the construction of
schools, and formation and alteration
of all school d.stricta under its care,
The board is to give special aid to
high schools from the funds at its disposal, not exceeding in the aggregate
one-twentieth of it.'- appropriation, no
high school to receive such special aid
m ■■ ir. complies fully with theregu*
lationp, and further, such high school
only to be estal lished with the consent of the trustees. The Lieutenant-
governor-in council if empowered to
appoint one of the members of the
board to be superintendent of separate
schools, and secretary of the board. If
no appointment shall be so made, the
board shall appoint one of its members
to be superintendent. The duties of the
superintendent are to generally supervise
schools, and work of school inspectors,
as executive officer of board ; to furnish
to provincial government yearly returns
of school attendance, together with a
statement of receipts and expenditures of
all government monies. In regard, to tho
formation and alteration of echool districts i
this is left to the municipal council etib-
j let to the sanction of the board of education. It is provided that should the
municipal council refuse petition of five
heads of familiesto establish or alter a
school district, upon appeal of the petitioners, the board may, wilhin three
months, itself establish or reconstruct a
separate school district. And it is "further provided that no school district
shail be organized under act unless there
shall be at least ten Roman Catholic
children of school age living within the
same, and situated not over three miles
from a point that may in any wise be
fixed as first school site." In r.li cases of
re-adjustment of Echool districts, the
separate school inspect >r and one person
appointed by each board of trustee's shall
value the school property and arbitrate
upon the respective rights of interested
parties. The award is subject to an
appeal to the courts. In cities and towns
the board may divid* the municipality
into wards foVseparole school purposes
and regulate theSrtection of trustees. In
portions of the province not organized
into municipalities, the board ha? authority-;'to form school districts and trustees
levy and collect taxes.
The 2Sthclause provides, "The Koman
Catholic rate payers of a school district,
including religious and educational corporations, shall. be liable to be assessed
for support cf public schools." The exemptions include the place of worship,
educational and charitable institutions
themselves. No Koman Catholic, who
is assessed for the support as a
separate echool, shall be liable
to be assessed, taxed or re [Uired
in any way to contribute for the erection, 'maintenance or support of any
other school, whether by provincial law
or otherwise, nor shall any of his property, hi respect of which he shall haye been
so assessed be so liable." But it is provided that any Koman Catholic, upon
giving written notice, may have his property assessed for puplio school purposes
if he BO dessres. And he shall continue
to be considered to be a public echool
supporter, until he gives notice of withdrawal. The clause in regard to the
provincial government is as follows :
"The right to share proportionately in
any way in the grant made out of public
funds for the purpose of education, having decided to be and being now one of
the rights and privileges of the said
Koman Catholic minority of Her Ma-
,'Ssty'a subjects in the province of Manitoba aud appropriated for separate
schools: shall be placed to the credit of
the board of education in accounts to bo
opened in the books of the treasury department and in the audit, office.'' The
board is empowered to establish a separate Normal school In Sf. Boniface, aud
assign it one tenth of the educatitonal
The bill concludes with this provision:
"Power is hereby reserved to the parliament of Canada to make Bush further
aud other remedial laws as provisions of
the said section twenty-two, of chapter
three of the statutes of 1870 and of the
decision of the governor in council thereunder may enquire."
Boes lo Europe for Treatment.
Th* Pretil'leut of tiie ltoyul   C'eo'*ri,,'il,lclil
Society on Britain*' Right.
Clements Markaam, I'. R. S., president
of the Royal ideographical society, has
contributed a two column letter to the
London Times minutely describing all
the cartographic evidence obtainable in
the societies map room bearing on the
disputed boundaries of Guiana from the
1370 onwards. He eaye that by the
treaty of 1814, the Dutch ceded a portion
of Ciuiana. including theEssequibo basin
to Creat Britain, and that trpain. then
the sovereign of Venezuela, was a party
to the treaty. "As the inheritor from
.-pain of tuat sovereignty," the letter
goes on to say, "tho Venezuelan republic
Is bound in honor to adhere to the treaty
of 1-1*1. which abrogated all previous
claims made by Spain and secured to
Great Britain the sovereignty of the
whole of the Essequibo basin." After
then detailing Robert Schoinburgk's explorations, Mr. Markham contends that
the concession of the Yurari Valley,
which was Kritiab territory, to Venezuela, shows that nothing could have been
further from the thoughts of the British
statesmen than an Infringement of tbe
Monroe doctrine. lie concluded that
even if the territory which Venezuela
claims were adjudged not to belong to
(neat Britain it does not follow that it
belongs to Venezuela. Hreat Britain's
right, he claims, resti, ou discovery, on a
Dutch possession of three centuries, ou
effective occupation and on a treaty.
The Timest remark? in an editorial on
the above letter: "Mr. Markham is a
high authority, and his conclusions are
in substance identical with those reached
by ex-Justice Daly, of York. It is not
easy to see how tils arguments can be
pet aside. That we should bo willing to
submit any part of such a controversy to
arbitration is a signal testimony to the
prevailing desire among us to prevent
the peace being endangered by a preposterous quarrel." The Times concludes
by expressing disappointment that do-
splte the expressions of good will In
America, neither the executive or either
house of congress has yet made anv public advance towards an amicable arrangement with England,
l'tre broke out iu the basement of the
dry goods Btore of A. Allan & Co., Calgary, N. VV. T., the other night. Tho
brigade come promptly to the rescue
Thousands of dollars of damage was done
before tbe fire was extinguished.
I utti   " Viturt's  s-reot Restorer," South
A'.;.irli".»n Nurvlm, Tonic 'lullt up Iho
Nervous Orfffcuis-*-, and (lave Bad*
tu tt,„ Wearied ,,,,'t Iftcbauated
Nerve   Centres  Their
Wonted visor.
The Breath of the Flues.
Coughs, colds, asthma, bronchitis, sore
throat and lung troubles are cured by
Norway pine Syrup. Price 25 and 50
cents. It breaths out the healing virtues
of the pine forests.
"Which do you love most your papa
or your mamma? Little Charlie—I love
papa most. Charlie's Mother—Why,
Oharlje, I thought you loved me most.
Charlie—Caul help it. mamma. We
men must hold together.
lor four generation;; the remarkable
family of LaBodie have been prominently identilied with the legal and professional life of Montreal. A long line of
active, intellectual men. whose ambition
to rise to prominence meant a constant
drain upon the nerve forces, and a tremendous demand for brain power.
Adolphe 1-. C. L., ,T, P., etc., has for
seventeen years been engaged in the
legal profession, living, as the duties of
intellectual men of this fast age demand,
beyond tiie reserve limit oi natural nerve
force, requiring more of the nerve centres
at base of brain than they can possibly
fulfill, whioh alwnys results,in nervous
prostration, dyspepsia, hot Hashes, insomnia, constipation and attendant evils.
Mr, LaBodie soared neither time nor
money to obtain relief, and went to
Europe for special treatment, all to no
purpose. I its attention being directed to
south American Nervine Tonic, he concluded to try it. Result—immediate relief from insomnia, and a perfect and
permanent cure from all other disorders,
with but five bottles of tho Nervine.
Mr. Adolphe Bodio, under date of
April 27th, writes from Montreal: "'I
was suffering from insomnia and nervous
debility, prostration and exhaustion
rather than rest followed a night's experience. Took five bottles of South
American Nervine and am wholly recovered, mid now enjoy restful night's,
1 have tried many remedies, have beer,
treated in Europe, ami can say with
truthful emphasis that the South American Nervine has cured me."
There is a reason for all thing?: business reasons in business, truthful reasons
in truth. Mr. LaBodie'-., statement herewith is the truthful reason why, if South
American Nervine cured him, it will
cure you. It is the nerve builder for
brain wotkers. Brain and -toraach cannot both work at the same time with
healthful and happy issue. One must
sutler. Intense intellectual activity produces indigestion, because the brain is
consuming all the nerve power. South
American Nervine Tonic* holds nature
to a happy poise, and life and its duties
swing to fruitful success.
"Avoid whiskey and water my, son,"
eaid the father: "its a delusion and a
Milburn'aCod Liver Oil Emulsion with
Wild Cherry and Hopophospbites combines the curative powers of Wild
Cherry, Hypophospbites of Lime and
Soda, aud pure Norwegian Cud Liver Oil
in 'perfectly palatable form. It ie the
best for coughs and colds and oil lung
troubles,   Price 50c. and $1.00 per bottle.
Mankind is always happier for having
beeu made happy. If you make thern
happy now vou will make them thrice as
happy twenty years hence in the memory of it. 	
Belief In Mix Hours.
Distressing Kidney and Bladder diseases relieved in six hours by the
Booth Ambbicas Kidnky Ccp.e."
This new remedy i.s a great surprise
and delight on account of its exceeding promptness to reiievinc pain
in the bladder, kidneys, back and every
part of the urinary passages in male or
female. It relieves retention of wacbt
an,! pain in passing it almost Immediately. If you want quick relief and cure
this is your remedy,
Sold by ail druggists,
Lorraine—Do you iike  Masie?    She's
I so terrible bruske!    Dora—No, I can't
! bear her.   Lorraine—Then why are vou
always together'.'    Dora—Oh, her bad
manner brings out   my good   one more
! strongly.
Catarrh Relieved lu 10 lo 0O Seconds.
i One short puff of the breath through
! the Blower, supplied with each bottle of
I Dr. Agnew's Catarrhal Powder, diffuse!
I this Powder over the surface of the n.5sal
I passages. Painless and delightful to use,
I it relieves instantly, ami permanently
j cures Catarrh, Hay Fever, Colds, Head-
| ache, Sore Throat, Tonsilitis and Deafness.   60 cents.
all druggists.
The only tiling we can recommend to
. women for the management of a husband
is to feed him well aud trust to luck.
illrtrrirt^e of nn *' Ire..,, Who Couldn't Act
—An Kventful Career.
The announcement was published
recently of the marriage of Ho'ie Booth,
"Little Miss Cute," as she is tailed on
the Itialto, to James Adger B.rin, Mail of
kitiderhook. The marriage took place
OU Deo. 19, and the young pair are now
supposed to be ill Europe, Hope Booth
hails from Toronto, Canada, nnd is a
remarkably pretty woiuau. Some years
ago she married Hon. L. GibbB, member
of the Canadian parliament, and came to
New York to study for the stage. She
started out ou a starring tour in "Spite
of All," but failed dismally. Her husband died shortly afterwards and Miss
Booth Went to London. She had. money
and succeeded in convincing John  Hare
and several other London managers the
was one of "America's leading actresses.''
She leased tbe (iarrlek to produce her
play. "Little Miss Cute," but before the
night of production Mr. Hare became
nervous about her ability and turned her
out. She then leased tho itoyalty
theatre, where she appearrd In "Little
Miss Cute," for one night. Play and actress were roasted most unmercifully by
Loudon critics. Miss Booth sued everyone of them for iibel. She then returned
to America and signed a contract with
Koster and Bial to open their music hall
ou the same night that Yvette tiuiibert
made her debut at a rival house. At the
last moment, by suggestion of her managers. Miss Booth became too indisposed
to appear. Mise Booth is about 21 years
old. Jas. A. B. Earil is tbe eldest ton of
the luteC-eorge D. Earil, of Kinderhook,
Columbia county, N. Y. He is about 20
years of age. It is suppesed that young
Earil and his younger brother will inherit a fortune of something like half a
million left them by a wealthy aunt.
Khentniitlsm Cured In % Dny.
South American Rhuematio Cure for
Rhr.ematlsn: and Neuralgia radically
cures ir, one to three days. Its action
upon the system is remarkable and mysterious. It removes at or.ee the cause,
and the disease immediately disappears
The first dose greatly benefits, Seventy*
Sve cents.
Sold by all druggists,
A cool head aud a warm heart should
go together,	
Slrtv HeadAChr,
Dyspepsia. Biliousness, Sour Stomach
au,f Constipation arise from wrong action
of the stomach, liver and bowels. Bar-
dock Blood Bitters cures all diseases of
these organs.
The time to shoct folly is
ilies, but before it Hies.
lot whs
Besrt DSHenye HeUeved In SO ftlinnte,.
Dr. Agnew's Cure for the Hetrt gives
l perfect relipf in all caser of Organic or
sympathetic Heart Disease in SO minutes,
i and speedily effects a cure.   It is a peer-
j less remedy for Palpitation. Shorn:.e-s of
j Breath, Smotcerlng Spells, Pain in Left
Side aud  all  symptoms  of a i\seased
1 Heart.   One dose convinces.
Sold by all druggists.
Legal action has been commenced to
1 prevent, Vancouver from  entering into
an agreement with the Western Electric
' company. 	
A Men iiivit Te-mite*.
Gkntlkjien,—I write to tell you how
zood I have found Hagyard's Y'eilow Oil
for sore throat. In one"family alone the
Y'eilow Oil cured several bad cases, and
ray customers now recognize it.-: i^reat
value. ILoy se?m to prefer i; u all
others.    _ D. COLMIEE.
Wholesale and rletail Grocer,
Canaan Station, K. B.
l'ree Silver Coluege.
The long contest over lhe silver bill
is at. an end iu tho senate at Washington,
that body having passed the lree silver
coinage substitute to the bouee bond bill
by tho decisive vote of 42 to to 86, a majority of seven for free silver. Thts result was reached at:; o'clock, after three
houis of caustic debate and sharp parliamentary fighting. The public interest in
the culmination ofthe protracted struggle
was shown by crowded galleries, and a
full attendance on the floor. 77 senators
being present, and the others paired.
A C,i„„iil„i„,t„r In B. R.
Gkktlbmbk,—Having need Hagyard's
Pectoral Balsam in our family for years
l have no hesitation In sr.yim; that it
beats everything else that we have ever
tried for cOUghfl aud colds iu children as
well as grown up people. It relieves that
tight binding sensation in the chest, We
would not be without it for anything, as
wo bmve a large family.
Commissioner in B. II.
Balmoral, Man.
A  franchise   has   been   given to the
Bellevlll tllectrtc oompanv to construct
and operate electric railways between
Belleville and outlying villages,
CouNtluatton Cured.
Gunts,—I was in very poor health for
over four years, tho doctor called it Constipation.   Not  wauting  to  Spend too
much cash, 1 got three bottles of Burdoc's
Blood Bitters and took  it  regularly.    1
can certify that 1 am now in the best of
health and feci verv irrateful  to B, B. B
Montreal, Que
He (savagely)—"Marry me!" She—
■'If I refuse yon will marry that widow '•'"
Ho-"Iwill." She (.hotly,-''The I'll
marry you."
-*nn Insurance office,  l    -..
Eastern Assurance Co. j
Quebec Fir'* Assurance Company.
London and Lauca-shire Life Ins. Oo,
British and Foreign Ma*lr.e ins. Oo.
Lloyd's Plate Glass Insurance Oompany,
W. 11. ALLAN,
Oeueral Axeut,
1 Lowest Prices
I     E'.-srQ-:**.:.
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as all sensible pcopl; do; because it atfis Dyspepsia, Constipation, Biliousness, Sick
Headache, Bed Blood, and all
Diseases of the Stomach, Liver,
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It warms, invigorates and
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Croup, Whoop I :i(jr Cough, Qui nsy,
Pain in the Chest anil all Throat,
Bronchial anj Lung DUeasea.
The healing auti-consumptlve vlrtuei
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this medicine with Wild Cherry aul
other pectoral Herbs and Balsams to
make a true spectflo for all forma o£
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Price 2$c, and 50c. m SALISBURY SPEAKS.
Tiie lUauruc Doctrine Respected aud Advocated—Good Ite&Bous tor not Interfering With Turteey—Isolated bat TJn-
ited—Beware of Home Rule for Ire-
The banquet of the Nonconformist
Unionist association at tho Hotel Metro-
pole, London, was the occasion of an
address by the Marquis of Salisbury.
prime minister of Kuirland, and Secretary
of state for foreign ail'airs. In the course
of his remarks he said, with reference to
Venezuela: "I have been held up as
the denouncer of the Monroe doctrine.
As a matter of fact, although the Monroe
doctrine is no part of international law,
rov dispatch to Mr. Olney, the secretary
of'stateof the I'nited States, supported
it as a rule of policy, in the strongest and
most distinct terms, but when I stated in
that dispatch, and reiterate noiv, that as
a ruieof policy, we are the entire advocates of the Munroe doctrine: we mean
the Munroe doctrine as President Mon
roe understood ir. (Ohoers.) In that
sense vou will not ilud any more convinced supporters than we are." 1.3rd
Salisbury then turned abruptly to the
Armenian question, and he reproached
the religious communities with laboring
under a mistake, when they supposed
that England had bound herself in honor
to succor tho Armenians, which means
to go to war with the sultan in order to
force him to govern the Armenians well.
The Berlin treaty, ho said, merely bound
vhe signatory powers that if the sultan
promulgated' certain reforms they would
watch over the execution of these reforms—nothing more. He did not think
anyone could interpret that as an under-
takinf* to go to war. As to the Cyprus
jonvention. Lord Salisbury continued, it
contains no trace of an undertaking to
interfere in behalf of the sultan's subjects. "I was concerned in the drafting
of both these conventions,'' Lord Salis
buiy continued, and nothing would have
induced me to pledge my country to such
a desperate undertaking.'' The speaker
reminded his hearers that the reforms
whioh the sultan had recently accepted,
although very good reforms could nut be
expected to produce good government in
two months. ''They required time to
work out,'' the speaker went on to say,
"they require time in a civilised community, and much more in a savage and
fanatical community. I hope that they
will have a bentfloial result as the time
progresses. Lord Salisbury continued
by asking: "Meantime, by spreading
among tbe Turks the feeling that their
dominion was threatened, the reforms
have unfortunately led to the perpetration of horrors which can only be compared with tne days of Gonghai Kuan
and Tamerlane. I am aware that many
influential people aver that this was dons
by the sultan and his government with a
set. purpose. My own opinion is that
the sultan's government is weak, wretched, impotent and powerless; but it is a
dream to imagine that he ordered the
perpetration of these cruelties. In my
judgment there is no ground for thinking so. It was race faction and creed
faction driven to the highest point in
their most corrupt and most horrible
form which brought, upon tl-.o wretched
Armenians theso terrible sufferings. If
you aBk why ire have uot interfered, I
can only answer for Engisnd, that wo
could have threatened, what I may call
annoyances, in the seizing of customs
in England and there; but when you are
dealing with, the rising of a whole fanatical population, against r. population
with whom they have been at bitter
enmity for ages, and who aro situated in
mountains far removed from the sea
shore, you are deceiving yourseif if you
imagine that England's arm, long as it
is, could have done anything in mitigation. Nothing buta military oocupation
could have done it, and England does
not possess the power for military occupation at that, distance, Mr. Gladstone
wrote in a letter that England could cope
with five or six Turkeys. Thai, was a
rash and most ill judged observation. If
the sultan could meet us oa the open sea,
undoubtedly we oould cop? with rive or
six sultans. Hut is not worth arguing
the possibility of England occupying
these inaccessible provinces. ! am not
bound to answer the question why
Europe did not interfere. I say confidently that none of tie powers wished
to interfere, and I believe their view is
that, with patience, the sultan's prestige,
which is the only power left in the
country, will ultimately reestablish order and allow industry and commerce to
take their usual secure course. That is
their view, aud it is our duty to give tho
sultan time. It is not for us to pass juilg,
ment on that view, but. no other reme ly
. has been suggested. It is some encouragement to find that already some do
gree of order is being testored. Ii yon
do not aet with the powers you mustact
against them, and produce calamities far
more and terrible than the Armenian
atrocities." In conclusion Lord Salisbury referrtd to the recon!  patriotic  .ie-
'monstrations of the colonies in the face
of the foreign complications, and said :
"I care not. how much we are isolated if
we are united. An example has teen
set which will ahsda beneficent light on
the latest generation of Englishmen." As
he finished hie address and resumed his
sea;, ho was greeted with loud and prolonged cheers.
Lord Halsbury, the lord chancellor,
Lord Geo, Hamilton, secretary cf state
lor India: Mr. Ritchie, president of the
biartt of trade, and other members of the
government, were also guests of the association.
L:,rd Salisbury at the opening of his
speech, referred to the recent Transvaal
crisis as throwing a lurid light on what
might happen if home rule were granted
!„ Ireland. As soon as the Transvaal
was in trouble, he pointed out, it applied
to the foreign powers instead of to England for support.—Eree Press.
Hygiene Ice company, Malley and Tate,
Electric Light powerhouse, and the Cody
and Seely estate. In the morning the
water had gone down considerably in the
eonthern section of the town, and was
not more than three or four feet deep.
The lake dam had for a long time been in
a dilapitated condition and threatened
breaking during any severe storm.
A ten foot freBbe*. in Bondout Creek
the sanae night, carried out ten or twelve
cana! boats and tugs, some of which sank.
One man on board one of the canal boats
has not been heard from. A washout of
fifty feet on tho Walkill Valley railroad
suspended travel for four hours. Tho
rain in the mountains is verv heavy.
And Morrlstowu, New >ler.,ey, Was Flood-
Residents in the lower section of Mor-
ristown were kept in a state of terror
all night by floods, caused by the breaking of Pocuhantas lake dam on the upper
side of Morristown. The water rushed
into the valley, sweeping everything
before it. People had to go to the upper
stories of their houses and remain there
until rescued by boats. The water rose
from seven to ten feet. No life waB lost.
The most serious damage was done to the
Two MllUon   Dollars Worth  of   Property
Tho big seven story building of 'Chas.
H. Hazeitine, Nob. ],:,'P>and !,-n-' Chestnut street, Philadelphia, and the adjoining five story structure of the American
Baptist Publication Society and the
American Baptist Historical Society were
destroyed by tire the other day. The
buildings damaged by lire and water and
falling walls were the four story dry goods
house of Homer Lebontillier & Co., Nos,
l,412and 1,414; the dwelling house at
1,422, owned by the Wistar estate, and
the hotel Lafayette, at Broad and Son*
sotn streets, On the other side of tho
main entrance to tho Haseltino building
were the piano waieroorna of Hallett &
Davis at 1,410, and of Steinway .v. Co.. at
1,418, The two Baptist societies lose
large and valuable collections of paintings, books and curios. The detailed
losses have not been made up yet, but a
conservative estimate places the aggregate amount at close to two million dollars. It is thought that this is almost
totally covered by insurance, There
were about 250 guests in the Lafayette
hotel, which is in the rearofthe destroyed buildings. Among those were Olga
Nethersole, the actress, her brother, Louis
F. Nethersole, and Madge Meadows and
Maud Clayton, of her company. While
there was much confusion in the hotel,
the guests, barring a few fainting women,
kept cool heads, and ail were removed in
safety. Every other hostelry in the city
was thrown open for the reception of
the disturbed guests. Only the eighth
and ninth floors of the hotel were burned,
although the back part of the building
from cellar to roof was badly damaged by
smoke and water.
The first signs of the fire were discovered about ,; o'clock by Policemen Bice
and Howard, while patroling their beats
at Broad and Chestnut', streets. Flames
were seen issuing from the rear of the
Hazeitine building. An alarm was
struch Immediately, but before the first
engines could reach the sceuo, a strong
west wind had carried the flames
throughout the entire building, A dozen
lines of hose were turned on the Chestnut street front. But tha light wood
aud raper which stocked the second,
third am! fourth floors, were easy food
lor tho names, The upper part of the
building was known as the Hazeitine Art
gallery, Many leading artists had studios
the-e, and tne art collections stored under tho roof aggregated in value thou.
Bands of dollars. At four o'clock tho
walls began to collapse, and the Barnes
soread on the east to Homer Leboulit-
tiorre, and on the west to the Baptist
Publication Society, A general alarm
wns turned in and the riremen directed
most of their energies to prevent tbe
destruction of the entire block which was
for a time threatened. The upper portion of tbe Lafayette bote! was iguited
by sparks flying'from the burning buildings on Chestnut street. But the blaze
was confined to the eighth anil ninth
tloore. The fire was not controlled until
after day-break, and Unes of heso were
kept playing upon it.
The Hazeitine building v-ivs valued at
$700,000 and was fully insured. It was
erected in IS88, and the first two lloors
were nre proof. The loss on paintings
ou the second floor Is between i;"0o,00'j
and $400,000, uninsured. Among those
destroyed were two by G, 11. Selous,
valued at $80,000 each ; one by Roberts-
Fleury, valued at $10,000. There were
thirty-nine cilices in the builing occupied mainly by artists, lawyers and dentists. The valuable stock of plains in
the stores on the first fiat were destroy-
id, hut the amount of this ioss has Let
yet been estimated.
The Baptist publication building and
Btorewere valued at $400,000, insured.
The Historical society lost ten thousand volumess, valued at $200,000
am! insured for 2').000. !>r. Way-
land, the eminent, divine, also
lest a valuable private library, on
which there was no insurance. Dr. I-'. C.
Stelmoyer lost $4,000, Losses on Homer
Lebontillier and the Lifayette hotel
buildings have not yet been approximated. The origin Ot the tire has not
been learned.
Hit Joints Were Swollen and Dtst-irtod,
Her'Nights Almost Sleepless ami Iter
Appetite Gone— Sull'ered for Several
Years llefore Relief Whs l'ound.
From the Kingston News,
Mr. Hugh McLaren, lighthouse keeper
on Wolfe Island, ie one of the best known
men in this section, and to his vigilance
in thoperformance of bio duties is due
the safety of the many craft sailing in
that part of the St. Lawrence. Mrs, McLaren, his wife has been an invalid for a
number of years, and in conversation
with a reporter recently, Mr. McLaren
stated that, she was rapidly regaining her
old-time health under the treatment of
that most marvellous of modern medicines—Dr. Williams' Pink fills. Asked
if he had any objections to giving the
particulars, Mr. McLaren replied that emphatically he had not if euch publication
was likely* to benefit any other sufferer.
He said : "A number of vears ago my
wife contracted rheumatism, and for a
considerable time was a helpless invalid.
Her joints wore swollen and distorted;
her nights were sleepless and her appetite poor and very flckie. During those
years she experienced excruciating tortures, the pain never ceasing day and
night. She had the benefit of skilled
medical advice but the treatment afforded
no relief, and we began to fear that her
trouble had gone beyond human aid.
On a number of occasions I real in the
papers  of cases of rheumatism  being
f-f* rT.---'- lien. ' ^
cured by the use of Dr. Williams' Pink
Pills, and this at last determined us to
give thom a trial. She had used some
three hoses before any improvement was
noticed; and than we began to notice
that she slept belter and that hsr appetite was improved. Then the pains gradually began to subside, and after using
about a dozen boxes she was able to get
up and walk about, she continued the
use of the pills for a while longer, and
although occasionally she felt twinges cf
thetroublo in changeable weather, she
now enjoys belter health than she has
done for years, and can sleep as soundly
as ever she did in her life, while her appetite never was better, I lcok u;:ou
Dr. Williams'Pink Pills as a wonderful
medicine, for I know they have done
wonders In my wife's case, aud I feel
certain that If any areafllloted as she was
will give them a good trial, equally goo,!
results will follow, and I therefoie give
this testimony freely, hoping that it will
benefit some other sufferer."
Mr. McLaren's strong testimony proves
the claim made that Dr. Williams' Pink
Pills cure when other medicines fail,
and that they deserve to rank as the
greatest discovery of modern medical
science. The public should always be on
their guard against imitations and substitutes, which some unscrupulous dealers
for tho sake of the extra profit, urge
upon purchasers. There is no remedy
"just tho same as" or "just as good" as
Dr. Williams' Pink Pills and the genuine
always have the full trade mark, Dr,
William-.' Pink Pills for Pale People" on
the wrapper and around every box.
iu:,l   the
'IV,    Hon.   Dudley   Msim-ii.,.!:'..-
I..,„,,,in Ballot Girl.
The suit of Birdie Sutherland, the
well known member of the ballot, against
Hon. Dudley Churchill Majorlbanks,
eldest son of Baron Tweedmouth, and
Lieutenant in the Fourth Battalion of
Argyll: and Southern Highlands, claiming twenty thousand pounds damages
for breach of promise of marriage which
was to iiave been tried before.Judge Hits-
sel and a special jury, has been settled
ont of court. Miss Southerland, who had
previously refused £3,000 to settle the
case, has withdrawn her suit upon payment of £5,000, The case was expected
to furnish much interesting testimony.
Sir E, Clarke, <>. C,, M. P., former solicitor general, had been engaged to represent Miss Sutherland, ami Mr. Henry
Aequlth, formerly secretary of slato for
home affaire, had been retained to defend
Mr. Majorlbanks, It was supposed tho
case would turn upon the point whether
the defendant was of full age when Ihe
promise of marriage was allege,! to haye
been made. Miss Sutherland, nee 'Vat-
kins, not being of age, sued through I »r
father, who waa formerly a clerk in the
BAnk of England. The settlement of the
suit out of court has disappointed n .ay
people. A large crowd had gather* . in
and around the court room, where - ,ther
caso waB proceeding, iu anticip -.on of
hearing what was looked upon i.s likely
to be a celebrated theatrical case. But
to their disgust the case tried was suddenly interrupted as Miss Sutherland
and her lawyer held a short conversation
in a low tone with Judge Russel, after
which the latter announced that Sutherland vs. Msjoribanks had been Bottled
out of court. Judge Busscll allowed
How Qravea are Robbed and Bodies Shipped to Various Points,
i Iwing to misunderstanding ot the address on a large box left at the Baltimore
and i Ihio depot of Washington, to be
forwarded hy express, the existence of a
trade tn corpses for dissecting purposes
has i sen unearthed, The box tiore two
addresses, and the employees of the Unit'
ed Slate,! Express company were undecided as to what address it should be
Sent to.   After the box had been at  tiie
station all dav, the employees fotced its
cover, and one of them thrust, in his
hand, hoping tho contents would indicate whether the box should go to Baltimore or Detroit which were the two
addresses.  The employe caught hold of
a human foot, The box was then opened
and found to contain the bodies of  two
women.   It first appeared a murder had
been committed, and the bodies of the
victims were being shipped out of town.
The bodies were entirely nude. One was
an old colored woman and the other
seemed to be the cor, so of a white woman, J", years of age. After working all
day, the detectives ,'line to the conclusion the bodies w-re shipped bv grave
rooters, it has been learned that a regular system for shipping bodies stolen
from cemeteries about Washington exists,
Tho work is carried on with astonishing
boldness, end dozens,,f bodies have been
sent out of town recently. This box was
addressed io Angus McLean, 223 Pelham
street, Detroit, Mich. Large boxes sent
l,y the same set ol men havo been followed to New Haven and Hartford,
Conn., Baltimore and other cities. Some
were so heavy the belief is they contained three bodies.
Photograph Experiments
At (he university of Toronto recently,
experiments were successfully made in
connection with the l'ontgen discovery
in photography. The first experiment
consisted of photographing a twenty-live
cent piece, a pair of steel pliers, and a
small iron wrench, with an induction
coi! and Crooke's tube, as on illuminating medium. A clear silhouette of those
objects was obtained on a Cramer crown
plate, such as is used in ordinary photographing, through a board a quarter of
an inch thick. The second experiment
was made bv using the same illuminating
medium, and substituting ,a sheet of
Platen's bromide paper for the sensitized
plate. The sheet was placed in a black
paper bag, and a haman hand interspersed between it and the rays. With exposure of five minutes a  fairly well de
fined image of the hand was obtained on
the paper, when developed. The ex- eri-
ments wsre conducted by Chas. H. C.
Wright, lecturer on architecture in the
school of practical science; J. C. McLennan, demonstrator in tigures at Toronto
University; J. Keele, a fellow of the
school of practical science; and W. W.
Nionol, a fourth year student in the university.
Latest News From the  Seat  of Hie   War.
Official reports to tho contrary notwithstanding, General Gomez is neither
dying of consumption or suffering from
fractured leg or otiier wounds received
from Spanish troops. He is in good
health and vigor despite SE years of age,
and is still prosecuting the campaign
with none the less vigor now that Captain General Martinez He Campos bus
been recalled to Spain. General Gomez
expressed regret at the deposition of J >e
Oanjpos when tie news was conveyed to
him in the field hy a pressjcorrespondent,
saying De Campos was a statesman an,!
a patriot, and lie had oonduoted the war
from the beginning with fairness and
humaneness if not with success. As fur
the coming commander General Weyler,
ho thought Cuba had littie to expect
from him except bloodshed, extortion
and torture—anything to gam the dav in
Gomez said hie troops were in fair
condition being well enough fed despite,
the reports in Havana disseminated, no
doubt by Spanish officials that his men
were starring. As for the future the
general sail the chances of Spanish sue-
cess and the failure of the cause of independence becaoie more remote every
day. With the approach of warmer
weather, and the rainy season in about
five or at the least six weeks from now,
yellow fever will begin to piav havoc
with the soldiers from Spain, while the
acclimatized natives will fight, marching
on as vigorously aa now. Furthermore,
with the lapse of time fur-ds to pay the
Spanish soldiery werejbecoming depleted
and before long they will be obliged to
econouize or else extort money from
Cubans themselves. It is predicted by
residents ofHavana that General Wevler
will begin the work of extortion right
herein the city among the merchants
and professional men. It is further promised that if this policy should be
adopted as in the revolution twenty years
ago, the populace wll1 ri-e end the downfall of Spanish Dominion in tbe island of
Cuba w,U be doomed. In fact, there are
many who opine there may be an uprising among the Inhabitants of that city,
even before being oppressed by the
mailed hand ef the new commai
There is kn,,xr. lo be a strong under-
enrrent of feeling against the succession
of wrongs that have been done and are
being dune-, and there is a feeling that if
1'? CampOS could not restore order aud
dominion by his plan of campaign, surely General Weyler can do no'belter with.
the practice of cruelties for which he is
Cubans generally feel Campos' denar
ture keenly. They knew he was their
friend, and while loyal to Suain. treated
them as men in battle, and refused to
carry out the sanguinary policy preferred
by his superiors. General Gomez is
quoted as saying it was a dark day for
(.'ub? when Crtupns gave Up the command of tho Spanish forces. "It was his
band," said Gomez, "that stayed the
lilood thirstlness of Spa;n and we love
him.  AH Cubans love birn."
The Election Blot In Troy and How shea
Deliberately Killed—lie Was the Leader of  a   Ilo.il   Oang of   Repeater*  and
Personatorf Who Dlsrsgarded Warnings.
"Bat" shea, whose long fight to avoid
execution has excited interest iu all
parts of the country, sat in the death
chair at Dannemora prison, and was
killed at 0.58 the other morning.
'ihe crime for which Shea has paid the
penalty, isoue which because cf its character has been rehearsed very oftsn, the
lucen'ive being a desire to violate the
election lews that for years has been
trampled on in Troy, aui which the
better element of both parties determined
sho;.id be violated no more.
At the March election, 1804, the people
of Troy determined to free the city's
nama from tho statu upon it, and organ*
Ued Into a committee of fifty and urged
all good citizens to help purify the ballot.
Shea, McGougn and several others, who
for years lad led partios of repeaters,
were warned *;.:c to try it nt any of the
polling places, and were told they would
he resisted even with arms, it was in
the sixth ward of Troy that the man
who died appe red and tried to vote in
violation of t e law. A general moleo
took pUn* in which Wm. i'o»s, Robert
lloss. McGough and *-ho.-*. with half a
doi *ti others were engage,!. Revolvers
were drawn. While Kohl. Hobs lav
prosfnie on tho ground, Shea deliberately
shol him in the hack of the head, killing
him. MoGougbehot Wm. ltoss. McGough was sentenced to Dinnemora for
eighteen years.   Shea was tried during a
period of great Indignation, and ,'ti the
13th of July found guilty and sentenced
11 be executed tbe week beginning Aug.
31st, 1804.
The condemned men Sioptsoundly the
night before the execution and rose at
7. HI* breakfast consisted of ham aid
eggs. The rites of the Catholic church
were, administered by bis spiritual adviser and proparatloni for the execution
were hastened as much us possible, The
warden brought the convict In to thedeath
room Just at B •'■*'. The straps were adjusted quickly while priests Intoned the
service for the dead. The current sent
the body lightly against the sirups.
Twice the current was applied before Df.
Stetnescope recorded no life. The autopsy showed shea was of tine physical
condition. IIuwbb a man of extraordinary pliyshpie. Physicians said doath
was instantaneous.
Our Western Heritage the Subject  of tht«
Coln-rui, Which Will be Found  En-
tertalnlnp; and Instructive.
"No, sir," lie said indignantly aa ho
turned from the electro light in his room,
"I won't stop here. The idee of a
hotel's tryiu' ter run up a bill on a man
by putting his gas in a glass case, no's it
can't be blowed out!
Lanark has passed a 1:10,000 bonus
by-law for an electric railway between
Perth and Lanark.
Herring's drug store block, Xew Westminster, E. 0„ was destroyed by hre recently. The fire started by spontaneous
combustion of drugs, and'the chemical
engine bad no effect on the liames. Herring's drug store, Jlaussll'sgenls'furnishing store and DeGrey's Ehaying parlors
were destroyed. Loss about $8,000, partially insured. Mr. DeGrey who slept in
room above thejstore, waE "caught in the.
llamos. and jumped from the balcony to
the sidewalk. He was carried away with
an injured spine.
Karly the other morningabout 3 o'clock
a s.Mr. Peters, C. P. il. operator at Calgary, X. W. T., was entering his house
with a block of wood he slipped and fell.
The block descending broke one cf the
Krnes of his left forearm. While Peters
was absent having the bone set a high
wind sprang up and his house caught
tire. An alarm was given about ,i SO and
the firemen did their best but the wind
made it impossible to save the furniture
of which $200 worth was destroyed. The
ioss is partially covered by insuranc I.
H. M. S. flagship Reyal Arthur, has
been doing a little target practice lately
offOomox, B.C.. on the east coast, of
Vancouver Island, to keep her men in-
practice. The result is certainly astonishing to the unlnltated. Tho following
ia the official report: Steaming at full
speed—20 mi'es an hour—past target 15
by •.'•! feet, one mile away, tired 11 shots
in two ruiuut s from each of her 12
,i-:nch guns. The result was an average
of nine hits for each gun. Une gun
made 11 hits in two minutes.
While Reginald Alford cud James
G^etz were riding near Ked Deer. Al-
bsrta. looking after cattle tho horse on
which Mr. Alford was riding fell, throwing him andTbreaking his log. Mr. Gaetz
then started for lied Daer to get a doctor
to attend to the injuries sustained by his
comrade, and when within a halfmile of
town his horse stnmblod and fell, and
the riders ibot getting fast in the stirrup
he was unable to extricate himself aud
wis dragged 200 yards before he got the
horse stopped and whi!e being dragged
aiong his leg was broken. Nol withstanding his mangled limb he mounted his
horse cud rode into town an,1 one oi the
doctors was at ouce dispatched ;o attend
to the injuries of iii* comrade while the
other doctor attended to Mr. Gaetz,
Victoria, B. 0,, has Iter school troubles
as well as Winnipeg, but of a different
nature. The teachers claim that the
trustees have been cutting their salaries
from year to year until they can scarcely
il', e. This year the salaries were reduced
in the city ak.ue }\00o, The trustees
also changed the form of engaging teachers, their engagement hereafter are only
to date from year to year. Uue teacher
v.ho was Ie: out on these grounds, has
offered to work to the end of the t. rm
for nothing that the work may not be
interfered with. Ac indignation meeting of teachers has been held and they
havc appealed to the council to stop the
alleged head-strong, ill-advised policy of
the trustees. High school pupils now
havo to pay £5 a term from the 1st of
There is quiet but intense excitement
in British Columbia church circles over
the attempt of prominent Citizens to
throw everything wide open on Sunday,
and have a" concert hall in the city of
Vancouver. Thousands of dollars are
lost every year by monled B. 0. miners
and fishermen going to Victoria and
Seattle every season to have their little
time. The council want to save this
money for the citizens, The churches
object. Rev. Mr. Bier moved a resold- |
tion from tho pulpit at Princess Street
Methodist church the other night
denouncing the "Sunday desecration
movem nt.'' Tiie resolution carried by
a standing vote, 25 percent, of tto congregation dissenting by keeping the.ir
-■eats. A lithe churches and the Y. M.
(.'. A....c taking action,
Charles Warwick, provincial govern
ment ag'Ut at Westminster. B. C, is under an—* at Victoria, charged with
stealing a large sum of public money, by
l:i? own confession, some (7,600. a few
days ago a telegram from V\'arw,ck to
Premier Turner stated that he would be
down on important business in a few days.
That evening Mr. Warwick arrive.! a:
Westm .'ister and acknowledged to tne
premier that he was short iu his ac-
counts. Broken down by anxiety and
Borrow lie could keep .his secret no ion-
atid come to throw himself upon the
mercy of the government; he wanted to
make" restitution, hi had i,o roady money
though he had some life insurance policies upon which something could be
realized, and the remainder of tha missing ram ho ottered to make up bv having
an amount kept back from his salary.
The premier and other members of tbe
government, though pained at the unhappy position oi one who for years had
been a trusted servant, felt i: their duty
toseethelaw was carried out.. The esse was
put iii tbe hands of Superintendent Hut
sev. Warkick was quietly arretted at
Angel hotel and sent out t" tie provln*
viaij.il!. Warwick's downfall li ascribed
to rash speculation.
A Cleveland Water Main Bursts With Di»-
a«truiiH Results.
At an early hour the other morning
an immense water main hurst with terri-
I tic force on Franklin Avenue hii!,  Cleve-
I land, just west of Cuyahove river, and
by the great volume of water that pour-
: edout several hundred feet of hill, on
| which were located many small bouses
I were washed into the river.   One small
one story frame house occupied hy .Mrs.
Mary Bavey, sixty years old, was inundated.and with the contents hurled into
tiie river.   Mrr. Ravey   was drowned.
The body was recovered an hour inter.
A Xew V»rk  Pennsylvania and Ohio
freight train was passing the foot of tho
hii! at this time.   The force of tho water
carried several cars into the riyer.     On
the cars were three of the train crew and
the men were carried down wnh the cars.
Two of the m&n jumped before tiie river
was reached and escaped, but the third
jumped Into the river and was rescued
but badly injured.   Houses were washed
along or dropped into a great pit aud
scooped out by the raging water.   Much
damage was done.
An mi. it lull Salted „i ihe Oka Manas*
triy-.t' n»e Heft-rred to Ottawa,
Montreal excisemen have icized an
Illicit still at the Trapoist monastery at
oka, Que, For eighteen months past o,;i -
oialsol the inland revenue department
were aware that '],.iite a lot of whiskey
was coming into town from the little
village of Oka, but the source could only-
he guessed at. Officer Braban' at last
suspected tue monastery, The tot
search revealed nothing, but the second
was nice successful, and resulted in discovering a whisk.y still, with a capacity
of twenty-live gallons a dav. The superiors claimed thai the whiskey «»» distilled without their knowledge. The
machinery was seized. Two monks from
Oka called at the inland revenue oilice
and offered to pay a tine for illicit distillation of whiskey. They were referred
to Ottawa.
Thos. Xevry. of South Yarmouth, who
waa recently' accidentally shot by bis
tr.ther while hunting, has J''el'from
blool pO!coaing.
A Kljcb Bridge Ooss tiown in Gonneotioat
and Witt, ii c: Human Helngs.
Throe bodies of men killed by tbe fall
of the Pequabuckriver bridge at Bristol,
Oonn,, duriai; the great storm the other
night were recovered the next day.
Kle' en survivors sustained severe bruises
but none of them were seriously injured.
The men wt;o a gang of engineers, mechanics r.u,i laborers, who were engaged
in strengthening the bridge which had
recently been condemned as unsafe.
They were raisinga derrick which the
wind toppled over, and the fall of the
derrick caused the bridge to give away.
In the afternoon consternation was caused by the discovery that tne loss of life
may be as greet; as at first reported. It
had been learned that ca the bridge at
the fateful moment there were 21 men.
Three dead bodies have been recovered.
Eleven are known to be alive and seven
are missing.
riint Jliirvel or Jlosos Snld to ll;iv«
Beon Dlsoovot-ed by Enffllsli Travel-*
ors and Uron^UI to London.
This   is  the   Bible story about tha
I   II ,.'',,.* bush :
"And the angel of the Lord appeared
unto him  Moses) in a flame of   re, out
' ■ of a b    ii: and he looked,
,, id, 1   hold, the hush burned with hre,
and the : ish was not consumed.
"And Moses said, I will now turn
aside and see this great sight, why tlm
bush i.- nol burned.
"And when the Lord saw* that ho
turned aside to see, Oo,l called unto
him out oi the midst of the bush and
said, Moses, Moses. And he said,Here
am I.
"And he said. Dranynot nigh hither:
put off thy shoes from thy feet, for the
place whereon thou staiidest is holy
Now comes an Kuglish foreign
officer's report with the account of a
newly-discovered stunted tree, culled
the chapparo, that appears to till tho
bill and reproduce the miracle, minus
tho voi ,• of God, however.
In n huge conflagration this strange
trooseoms to start into life,as an ordinary plan: does when it is wet with
ruin after a, long drought. Amid tho
swirling reds und yellows of the flames
it takos on a new life, and after tho
lire has swept past, it is seen with now
shoots of vivid green springing but of
it. At such times the chapparos
stand alone, sturdy and strong, amid
the surrounding blacken,,! trunks, tho
only living things in a land reduced b>
Itisnol accurate to say that the entire tree comes out of a fores: lire unscathed. While the body of the tree is
incomli stil Ie, its smaller branches and
twigs burn. They burn very slowly,
while the rest of the woodland is suing;
up in smoke,
Tho London scientists who havo
lookod into the matter believe that tho
trunk of the tree, and its branches in a
small,".' degree, exude under the in-
liuoi c of c: ial h ia1 a moist ire ; I,a; i*j
suflieien . owing to its peculiar chemical propi rties, to i".',,:•"■, i,m wood.
Commenting on the chapparos, the
Ei glisli Foreign ' h:i e r, | orl saj s: "It
is vi ry remarkable that thes i fire-begotten ns are nowhere crowded to ■:. , s; on the ontrary, the trees
are so reg ilai!.. plac, A l Imi ■ In ir aspect
vies with 11 n of inosi carefully
form, ,1 Kin-ill: •."
A ■ p :,.',.i ot ehn ■',: o bat 1, 1- "ii
exhil .  .      in of l lie Pluu*-
inutTii    ,1   *' ■ li  .-. in   imshitry
w       , , 1. ndon.
,\ com] arlson of the tlcsci ipt Ion of
this remarkable tree with that given of
the "bin ows thai il   was
, ,1 .    1' '■ 1;,     ol     the
Vrabii ,, Pi la,       si    it of Eg* nt,
.i.i.l ".a- akin to h. tree end
ciina. Henci i ntainson ch
it grow - d,: ivi ' In ir un u Sinai | and
the (.mi is called the "V 1 li m ■ of
91n," , In "iSeneh." Tho wood ol ; lie
diittal ■   l-lio,] the material for
I !;,■ Ai,;.■!    ' ■   Cot e ;:  and \ iirious
parts ,'i : " T, 111 nacle, 1; is hard,
I durable, cud susceptible ol
fii. , olish.
Among other miscellaneous matters
comprised in Article XVII. of this ro-
mnrknble constitution, there is retained from former  consliiutions   the fol
lowing perpetuation oi tl Id-fashion-
■ 1 disabilities! do, .ued necessary to protect citizens against atheism:
".\\, person who denies the existence
of a Supreme Ueiug shall hold any
otlice under this ronstil ution."
Such provisions, well mount though
ihey be, are more likely to provoke
loubt ill   tho   miiiiis   of half  educated
young nun of good conscience but unsettled convictions, than to promote
revereiioe and sin ngthen faith. From
"South Carolina's New Const it ut ion,1"
by Allien Shaw, in the January Review of Reviews. v M<***0*c*sMis2s)r'*-1
E. C. Ukaiu), Editor and Manager,
Bastion Street. N'riuaimo, B, C.
By mall-Cm'yum- 2.00
Six months  i.EB
"       Three months 76
Delivered by carrier Mfu*. per month
~ •_  best interests of civilized man, and Too jealous to redress thy wrongs
The   platform   adopted   by   the Armenia, noble martyr land,
Labor Convention recently held in i    Beyond the deep blue flood,
San   Francisco   sweeps   over    the ' Oppressed by miscreant tyranny,
whole domain of economic politics,     So oft baptized with blood,
national, state and municipal. The Thy dying groans uf agony
preamble declares that the eoinpeti-1    Are heard across the sea,
tive system, upon which the whole 0, when will men rise in their might
structure df modern industry and     And go to suuuor thee?
nearly the wh.de of modern society ■ Before thy pates at anchor He
is based,  nc longer subserves the |   Armadas proud and bold,
Header* of the Mail are Bpeeially requested
to t-xmniin.' kn advurtiaementB before making
purohaaes. Observation and experience have
demonstrated that it is tbe active, wide-awake
business man or firm who advertlsei that Is the
most accommodating, sells the cheapest and
deals the must Uoerally in every wy\ with put
roiir-. Tbe advertisements <>f tho principal dealers of Nanaimo appear in tin.- columns of tins
paper. Deal with them, watch oijr columns
closely for bargains, and bewaroQf the tricky,
trashVt traveling transout traders.
The Remedial Bill.
Ami miseries untold.
Imprisoned by the amused Port
Thy captive daughters lie;
From hopeless hurems up t,, hea*
Ascends tin ir anguished ery,
Crimes thou Imst none, I
Pursued by Islam's Bword
Because, thou'rt nut ashamed to
Thy glorious risen Lord,
lVi'i'liuiiiT the truth to thee may
Imperfectly reveuled,
But yet tin,u 11,11*-1 in tears ,,i bio
Thy testimony sealed,
Behold, and see If in the world
A Borrow like t,, thine
The Remedial Bill introduced by
Mr. Dickey is substantially the
measure which wns promised by
Premier Howell lust session. Mr.
Dickey anticipated the objection
which is likely to be made to the
transfer of control over Catholic
schools to a Catholio board, ami defended it upon the ground that tiie
rights of the minority could nol be
restored without re-establishing separate schools, and that a separate
school system would not be workable without the establishment of
a separate board of control. We are
free to admit that the difficulties
which lie in the way of a Federal
Parliament establishing a workable
system of any kind are formidable.
Only, instead of regarding these
difficulties as arguments in favor of
Mr. Dickey's bill, we look upon
them as arguments in favor of endeavoring to find a solution of the
question without Federal interference. To such a solution the Government of -Manitoba has already
pointed the way in its suggestion
for   an   investigation of  the  facts,   molality
and in its assurance that it will not
allow any substantial grievance of
the minority to remain without
remedy. An impartial investigation would in all probability be
followed by the expressions of
opinions as to whether any, and if
so what, grievances exist, and by
suggestions for the improvement of
the system where improvement is
required; and the Cuverruient of
Manitoba has to all intents and
purposes declared that it will adopt
any reasonable suggestion.
Now, the creation of the.board is
objectionable, not only because it is
a Catholic board, composed wholly
of Catholics, but also because it is
not amenable to public control. It
is a sort of copy of the Federal Senate. True, there is to be what is
called an every-day inspection by
persons appointed by the board,
and a further inspection under Pro- reuall
vincial authority, with a view to
testing the efficiency of the schools;
but what is to be the practical result of a report that a particular
school is inefficient? The Provincial grant, if any, may be withheld;
but the Provincial grant may be
withheld from all the separate
schools, irrespective of efficiency.
Mr. Dickey admits that it would be
impossible to coerce the legisl iture
so far as that is concerned.
The system intended to be established by the bill is not the Ontario
system against which the Ontario
Conservatives used to fulminate.
Yt'e know how much noise they
made with the very small amount
of material at their command; but
the imagination fails to conceive of
the violence of the campaign that
they would have carried on against
a proposal to make every Catholic
a prima facie supporter of separate
schools, and then virtually to remove these schoolsnut of the sphere
of legislative and popular control.
That is what is proposed for Manitoba, and that is whal the I hitario
Conservatives will he asked to force
on Manitoba in defiance of the
clearly-expressed will of ils people.
If Sir Charles Tupper can force
them to swallow the dose and to
stultify their record in regard to
educational questions, he need not
despair of getting their consent to
the wildest and most extravagant
that the time has come to supplant
it by substituting a system of universal co-operation founded upon
lhe socialisation of the means of
production lands, tools and capital. Tbe platform, which follows,
was ad„pu.,J unanimously:
1. n,"h: ition of the hours ,,f labor in
proportion to tli i primress ol production.
2, The flnlted States --iuill obtain
possession of the railroads, caiipje tale-
graphs, telephones', and all other moans
ut' public transportation and commiiui-
I'lii.ion' bul no employe shall U' dia-
charged for political reasons.
8, The municipalities to obtain pos-
session ,,1   the local  railroads, ferries,
water works, gas works, electric plants \ Beseeches human sympathy
1,11,1 all industries requiring municipal     ijr pleads for aid Divine,
franchises; but no employe shall be discharged for political reus,,ns. ,     ,      ,
4. The public lands to bs declared in-;    *•-*-•*- followers 0I the Lord,,
alienable, Revocation of till land grants | And yet allow his faithful ones
to corporations or individuals the condl-1   y{) perish by the sword;
tions of which have not been complied
5. Legal Incorporation by the States
,,f local trade unions which have no
national organization.
ii. The United States to have the exclusive right I,, issue money,
7. CoqgreRslonal legislation providing
fur the scientific management of forests
1111,1  waterways,  and   prohibiting  the
waste ,,i the natural resources ,,i
country. ,
S. Inventions to he free to all:
inventors to be remunerated by
0, Progressive in,-,,me tax and tux,m
inheritances; the smaller incomes lo be
LO. School education of all children
under 14 years of age to be compulsory,
gratuitous and accessible 0, all,
11. Repeal of all pauper, tramp, conspiracy and sumptuary laws. The un-
ubridged rights of 1 bination,
VI. Official statistics concerning^ the
condition of labor. Prohibition ,,1 the
employment of children of s,'l„,,,l age
ami of the employment of female labor
in occupations detrimental to health or
Abolition of the convict labor
18. Employment of the unemployed
by the public authorities (county, stale
ami national).
li. All wages tu be paid in lawful
money of the United States. Equalization of women's wages with 111,,se of
men where equal Bervice is performed,
15, Laws (or the pn,te,'lion of life
ami limb in all occupations, and an efficient employers' liability law,
The political demands are:
1. The people to have the right to
propose laws and to vole upon all measures of importance, according t<> the
referendum principle,,
2, Abolition of the veto power,,( the
executive (national, suite and municipal), wherever it exists.
3, Municipal self-government.
4. Direct v,,te ami Becret ballots in
all ele,•thins. Universal and equal right
of Butfrage without regard to color, creed
or sex. Election days to be legal boll-
,lavs. The principle of proportional representation to be introduced,
All public officers 1,, be subject to
by their respective constituencies.
ii.   Uniform  civil  and criminal law
throughout the United siiates.    Administration of justice to be free of charge.
The convention will meet again
in two weeks, when probably action
will be taken in reference to practical politics of the present time.
To-day. the 29th of February, is
a date that will not occur again
will until 1904. A child burn to-day
therefore have to wail eight years for
its next birthday. Leap year is a
device for correcting the calendar,
and it bad its origin in the time of
.iulius Ca.'sar. who in the year do
IS. C. fixed tbe solar year at 865
days and (1 hours, every fourth year
being a leap year, with ,'ltiG days.
This was culled the Julian style,
and is still adhered to by Russia.
It was, however, defective, because
the solar year consists of 365 days,
6 hours,-is minutes and 56 seconds,
or 11 minutes and J seconds less
than the Julian year. In Ibe time
of Pope Gregory XIII., whose pontificate extended from 1572 to 1685,
there was 1111 error in the calendar
amounting to ten entire days, the
vernal equinox falling on the 11th
instead of tbe 21bI of March. To
remedy this error Gregory ordained
that in 1582 that that year should
consist of only :it').r> days, October
5th becoming October 15th, and to
prevent further irregularity it was
determined that a year beginning a
century should not be a leap year,
not be,
To lurk hi ileus and caves of earth,
Beset on every hand
With famine, tortured to the death
By ruthless robber band.
Oh, be 11,,1 like the priest of old,
Who looked and then |>HS8C 1 by,
Kill wiih Samaiia's tenderness
Allen,I their piteous cry.
Pray that all past nidi feruuee
By God may pardoned be;
Go forward iu his promised ..trength
And set Armenia free.
Sample Outrages,
Ciragos Toinauian is a young Armenian of Milwaukee, Wis., who recently received sad news from home.
Tbe young man is almost prostrated by a letter which he received
from his uncle, Khiatjian Toinauian, written Dee. 21st, lf»',).r), in tbe
vilage of O.uzounaba, Palau, province of Dairabehir, Armenia, The
letter says:
1 write of horrible happenings un-
equaled in the history of our village,
They have burned our churches and our
hollies, nnd robbed us ,,f everything.
They have killed nearly everyone. Those
left havechanged their religion ami have
become Mohammedans. But this is not
nil. Let me relate about your home,
Your brother's wife and your little boy
were killed. Your wife anil mother have
thrown themselves info tbe Euphrates
in order lo save themselves Iron, Turkish
mtrages, Your sister is living, but
wishes she mi. lit have been killed will,
lhe rest, lor they have takrii her, married her to a Kurd, and have changed
her religion to Mohammedanism. The
innsrai'ic continued three ,l:,;s. Very
few oi us are led now in tiie village.
A close personal friend of Mr.
Gladstone is responsible for the
statement that the soul of the Grand
Old Man has been so nroused by
Lord Salisbury's final abandonment
of tbe Armenians that he has determined to embrace the first opportunity to .re-enter Parliament in
order to raise his voice for the
awakening uf the national conscience.
A man who had recently buried
his wife in Toronto, and who to save
his children from freezing picked
up some coal.dropped on a railroad
siding, was arraigned in the police
court for theft and released on suspended sentence, 'lhe magistrate
advised him to put his children in
a charitable institution and go to
jail as a vagrant. A vagrant is a
man without visible means of support, a condition which may be
reached by accident, by defects, by
a conscientious refusal to do mean
things- -in short, by roads too numerous. Sympathies are occasionally shocked by such eases of distress; but as the shocks become,
with social development, more frequent, sympathies become blunted
and more able to bear them. An
industrial civilization which produces such results, Bays the (1 lobe,
must be regarded as still on its trial.
The Out-door Order of Public
Ownership  is  a  new organization
I which the exigencies of the times
(have brought to J.ife in the United
States, and which advocates public
I ownership as tbe fundamental principle upon which co-operation must j
1 be based. A circular recently issued ]
by the order-sets forth that—
The all-including and incomparably
dynamic idea of society, as it closes this
centurv, is co-operutiou under general
: or public ownership, in which the people
replace the capitalists an,I lhe political
state is advanced into nn industrial organization, Co-operation wi mustbave;
1,111 we eanuol have it without public
ownership. The one sunn,I and abiding
foundation fur union la therefore ilds
principle of public o\\ nei'Bhip, It is ihe
one potent and comprehensive comhin-,
Ing thought.
Tbe circular calls upon the people
lo "coucclrale and elder upon an
unyielding,    irrepressible,    unconquerable campaign, to bring indus- j
trial affairs  to   the point oi crisis'
and change.''
Aseptolin is the name of lhe latest remedy for consumption, lis
discoverer, Dr. Cyrus Edson of New
York, claims that its administra-
tration by hypodermic injection will ■
cause a chance in the composition
of lhe blood fatal to the germs of
consumption. Ac'ordiug to bis report to the Medical Record, of 216
eases experimented with, 21-1 showed
improvement, 23 were discharged 1
cured and (iti were making progress
sufficient to insure complete recovery.  <>>
Some time ago there was great
talk about forming an anti-Chinese
league throughout the Province with
headquarters at Victoria; but we
have not yet heard what steps, if
any, have been taken toward consummating the project. That it is
necessary is evident to every observer, especially in Victoria, where
Chinese are employed to make
clothing for some of the leaders of
It is about time for boards of
trade, chambers of commerce and
industrial organizations of all kinds
to give notice that some measure of
tariff reform is needed at this session, and that in the judgmerjrt of
the people nothing can justify a
neglect to provide it promptly aud
The Orange Sentinel says: " We
are told that quite recently a number of Orangemen temporarily employe,! by the Ottawa Government
have been quietly shelved. We expected as much. Men who dare belong to the order and work for the
present Cabinet may expect to be
Does Mexico want a monopoly in
brutish sports, or does it seek to
atone for one act of barbarity by
forbidding another? While continuing the bull-baiting barbarity
as its national amusement, it prohibits a pugilistic side-show performing within its territory.
It is significant how instinctively
the Nanaimoe-e, upon heading of
the Johannesburg disaster, reverted
to the possibilities of a similar horror here.
Some people are leaving, but soon the
trees will be leaving, and the advent of
Spring will signalize the advent of Spring
Goods. Bright times are coming. Watch
this space.
A LARGE CONSIGNMENT of Fall Goods from
Also a consignment of famous West of England
Cloth which are open for inspection. This consignment undoubtedly comprise the best material
that has ever heen imported to this city. YV-e
guarantee the latest style in suits in every detail,
aud tho lit exact. :::::::::::
Our reputation continues to take tho lead over all
other establisments.    ::::::::::
■Merchant Tailor,       -:-      Commercial Street.
A large and. Enthusiastic meeting
in opposition  to lhe lU.-vue-Jial Bill with the exception  of eael
took place in Toronto last Saturday century.    Thus  1900 will
night and was composed of-Liberal's but 2000 will be  a  leap year
and Conservatives'alike, 'including tlie  new   arrangement  three  days
distinguished members of.Loth par- are  retrenched during  400 years,
'ties.   A series of timely resolutions the 11 minutes and 4 seconds a year
were adopted, including the follow- making up thesedays in that period.
jng: in this way the year is  made to
This meeting io in no spirit of hostility correspond   as closely  as  possible
to Catholics, but with a sincere desire ti, with the true solar year, there being
■see justice done to all classes,» mi creeds . only .a difference of 14 minutes and
of the community, and protests against UAigaean£n jn Aftn .,„„,.„
the passage of the So-caM,Reinedial . ,£?'"'?,    ln .  U *>eils\
Bill its subversive of provincial aftton- .' he Grag-tfiarj calendar was in
,nmy and  injurious to those for whose 1(582   adopted   by   France,   Italy,
benefit it is ostensibly framed and likely Spain, Denmark, Flanders and Por
We learn from a gentleman residing in Southern California that
the supply of the oil wells there
has fallen off fully one-third within
the past two months, which proves
conclusively thai they are not to be
depended on. This news is of significant importance to Nanaimo.
California must have coal, and
British Columbia possesses the advantage of being able to govern the
market. Our informant, who takes
a great interest in Nanaimo, states
., that it is only a question of time
' when the coal from this district will
command greater attention, and
then it will make a big stride forward.
to provoke strife, keep alive sectional
bitterness and impede the progress of
lhe Dominion.
The amount of coal consumed annually in San Francisco is estimated hy"the Gall at 1,800,000 tons.
ttigal; but such were the effects of
During the revenue-tariff decade
the population of Canada increased
18 per cent.     During the decade of
protection and  booming  that followed it increased only 11 per cent. I
The natural increase of population j
is placed by statisticians at 14 per
cent., so the era of  protection was j
about as far below as   the revenue-'
prejudice that it was  not  adopted ! tariff era  was  above  lhe natural!
by Great Britain until 1752, when level.    Yet the boorusters accuse,
the year was adjusted by leaving 10 \ their Opponents of a desire to "blight i
days out of the calendar, Sept. 8d and destroy" the industries of Can-
being reckoned Sept. 18th, ,ij.da. 1
Comprise absolutely everything handy
in footwear, from shoes so (rood to kick
with that no one kicks about them, to
those ihat touch the top notch of elegance for evqnlng wear. That young
man hasn't any doubt.about the points
of our BllOOs; thev lire all thai they
should lie from heel 1,1 toe, Iron, soles to
tops. Their handsome appearance makes
them pii-tni'cs iu leather, so to speak,
while their superior quality causes them
to wear like Patieuee. Our shoes have
put the whole low 11 ou a solid footing,
and made peileHtrianism popular. Had
shoes tux the feet, and high prifuti tux
the poeketbook,
Cannot he  surpassed in .the
City. WekeepuHpeciul line of
Choice Teas and Coffee,
Canned Fruits, Etc.
QUALITY oooiiii (loons KXCELLKNTi
Don't, go elsewhere until vou have triad
-:- THE ABCADE -:-
Where they Defy all Competition,
j. h. McMillan,
15 Victoria Crescent.
P. s.-
Blend No. i---a*t-25c. per pound.
*    2---aH<ki.   "
"   3—at 50c.   "
«   4....at-ttttt.  #
5 lbs. M. M. at $1.50.
-Afisatn, Souchong, Cvylon„ Orange Pekoe,
best produced. Our own Blended Coffee at 35c.   Cannot be beat. \
Opposite Gibson Block, Commercial St.
Apt for the Dominion Building and Loan taxation,
Subscribed Capital $2,250,000.
No entrance foes unless loans are accepted..    M,oney advanced
within 20 days of application.    All te-rrns  and  agreements are in black and white,, so you cap understand them.
Insurance  Companies.
Royal, Queen,
London and Lancashire,      London and Canadian,
Quebec of Ontario.
THE MAIL, the People's Paper, $2 a Yea? >■■:  .;, '.   v  ■
Submitted ,at the Last Meeting
of tthe Council.
In ffte event of <* dissolution of rhrllament' the
Government of fto day is only entitled ~/6 a note, on,
£sfiimtes Sufficient in. Amount to Carry on Pie afkirs
Cf tfte Country  until A General ejection. Cctn Le he/o!.
fftte Present Government 6erno A/ready m possession
*of Fends voted tost Session of, id June, /ffc rj not
Constitutions/ft/ eniit/ed todnyAdtditionA/ vbte.
t    ToZer. Hi' IWfM M
\   twtlt M C4H Gitfortie^
what th.
Brewers' License Still Htw.'fs  Kire.
Millstreani Bridge to Be Rebuilt.
Street improvements.
The Municipal Council held their regular meeting Men,lay evening, when a
lull board was present.
The niinutes of the previous -regular
meeting  were  read  and adopted;  also
those of the special meeting.
From the Attnruey-lu'iieral, in reply
to the resolution respecting the police
magistrate, stating the matter would receive his rally attention, Received and
From W. 8. (.lore, enclosing check for
*[,:W-I.:i:|, being balance of contract price
lor new schoiil-bimisc. Received and filed,
From the Grand Lodge of (loud Templars, asking the Council to enforce the
resolutions adopted by them and previously furnished the Council. Received
and died und a suitable reply ordered
From the ratepayers of Krnnklyti-street,
asking the Council to extend tbe sidewalk to the hospital. Referred to the
Street committee for report.
From 10. Bray, staling he could not
afford to have the ashes from hie premises carted away,and requesting permission to dump them in a hollow by the
railway. Referred to Sanitary committee for information.
From the residents of Kennedy street,
complaining that the alleyway between
Kennedy and McClcary streets was not
yet opened and asking the Council to
have the necessary work done. Referred
.to the Street committee for report.
From S, Hough, secretary of the Hoard
of School Trustees, stating the board had
•deemed it advisable to complete the
School building while the workmen were
there, and that tbe sain of £8,660 would
be required for that purpose, and $3,85(1
fi'.r the purchase of additional lots. Laid
over for discussion,
The Street committee submitted reports as follows: In regard to the Mill-
stream I,ridge—That the present bridge
he condemned and replaced hy a new
bridge; the new one to ben truss bridge
of one span, with abutments of concrete
and to be built of such a bight as will
make an easy grade from the gas works
to Newcastle townsite. The cost of the
bridge is estimated at l|5U00.   Laid over
iSor discussion.
•i!egi\r,li,|g the drain on Milton street—
TThat 800 feet of a tile train will  be re-
.quire,I, and the remain,ler open drain,
•".is cost  of  which   will   he about $8;K).
iliiilrl over for discussion.
;&",'■.» -ling repairs ,,n Newcastle town-
site—Recommending thai the work ibe
done promptly. Recommendation adopted and..work ordered carried out.
Re sidewalk on Kennedy street—Recommending that the sidewalk lie laid
and   the   hospital  directors  notified   lo
. relume the fence surrounding the hospi-
. tnl from the street.   Recommendation
udopi,e,l,.'!tul work ordered carried out.
The, tyad. forein.ui reported that workmen hii!, bpen engaged ,hiring the week
onFliila*»9on*street,.lavliiKsldewalks'and Monday night. ,,,,„,,
, . ' . . ,', . , , ,., , Aid. Planta moved that the CltyClerk
doingjgencrai ,■. o„!'.  Received and file,!.   ,„.-„,, |n ,„„ „,,,,,„,,,„.,„ ,., ,„• f,,,, |is,
,j,ISCKKKli,i.-a'l,-,l.\l(.,s. uf    wor|.    beill|j   Oone    ll.V   IIBXt    Moll,illy
The. communication from Mr. Cough | night; seconded by Aid. Sinclair.
was taken up, and Ahl. .Martell said that
Examination for Colliery Manager—Certificate of Competency.
Impossible to do anything till they knew liquor license was cut down from $700       CONGRESSIONAL DEVOTION'S.
Aid. Mor-
i,| no-
ir that
btidge would cosl
[on  end,,is, .1 me lulier's view a,
proved the suggestion of the May
plans   for aa  iron btidge he also
for; and
Aid. 1 'hiiitu amended his motion so as
to include tenders and pit us for an iron
I,ridge, and the motion passed.
Regarding the drain mi Milton street
from Mrs. Lee's property, Aid. "Wilson
said it was work thai should he attended
to, as the grievance had been home for
years; and although ii was a costly undertaking, the work should he,Ion, . lie
moved the matter lay on Hie table for
.,ne week pending a notice of motion,
Aid. Man,'11 Beeonded lhe motion,
which carried.
NEW   llt'MNCSS.
Aid. Martell sulci thai if700was a rough
estimate for laying a sidewalk on Irwin
street, and moved that if be done by,lay
work; seconded hy Al,,. Wilson,
Aid. .Morion did' nol think if fair to
call f,r "iie pi,-.,. of work by contract
and not another.
T'o,' !i",ii"ii curried,
Ald.W llson moved that Kennedy street
be graded fr Albert to Hecate, and a
,sidewalk  laid  to  the  II. & If   railway;
| seconded hy Ale. Morion.
A,,I. Foreman suid lie- Street committee had examined that portion uf ihe
I street, and deemed the cosl of Improvement too great tn justify them i., going
to the expense this year, especially us'
there were only  a  lew persons residing
to . li HI.
At the suggestion of Aid. Wilson, the |
Express Company's license was reduced
from >i) I to .'j.',, as i lie company was liable
lo withdraw from Nanaimo if  the full;
tax wus imposed,
The  following are the estimates
Ll,'i:\sl-s—Wholesale liquor $200,
retail liquor JOUUO, retail trade
I $1000, wholesale nude $00, peddlers .ylfjii. auctioneers $200,
livery stables .-on, scavengers
$10, teamsters i 100, Otis Co.. 60,
Electric I ight Co. .foil, Telephone C". •■>>, hanking iplOO,
washhonses 1,5 , shooting gallery ijS, public exhibitions ,|.7o,
1    ndik ;,o., Express Co. .15; total $8,
Taxes—Real estate * 10,000, iu:)|
. estate arrears ,;!iiiii, road ■•, WHO,
revenue ::,."> 0, dog $160, CQU1-
l.i.-ivini   travelers   *j?i>,   street
i    sales,i'0; dial	
Iii- ,1.1.1.*.,:, cs—Pound fees$260,
i.y SCI i* lei.i : o ,, police eoili'L
lees ...•C'ti, lax sale costs s;7y,
e,'bonis per eapitu $.0000,special
n e '•■>■> for school purposes of
1 mi!! * I'-', 16, special rale levy
for sanitary purpoaes of 1 mill
$1808; total 	
Grand total
on thnt sir,
The motl
,n carried.
Aid    Mel
oilllld moved that a six-fool,
sidewalk l»
constructed on the cast side
of Hnlibiirl
instreel From Dixon street tu
the l)"w in
op Hotel; seconded bv Aid.
Sin,'lair aie
, carried,
tin iiiuii,
ii ,,i Aid, Sinclair, seconded
bv Aid.  M
Donald, bids  were ordered
called  for
lie work,   to  be in by  next
F*  M/l
i OI.I
$7,Kill was m,,r" tlmo flic ,'it: could stand
■it ibe present tin, •, and therefore it
would be advisable.to ytyy. rent on the
lots, and In' siipp,,*..,! it\*v»wld be necessary to raise the money
Iu reply to Aid. Plants, Aid. Wilson
stated that the $8Q60 required wns over
.land above tbe $16,000 voted by the Chiv-
• ei n ment.
Aid, Planta then moved that the (/ ,v-
• eminent be requested to make a further
grant for the purpose.
Aid. Bradley said he would second the
motion, provided, the chairman of the
School Hoard and the Mayor lie appointed a committee to interview the Government in the premises.
Aid. Planta objected to the amendment, ami Aid. Sin,-lair seconded the
motion, but asked that it he made to
embrace a committee, Aid. I'lauta consented, naming Mayor Davison, K.Qu n-
i,ell and the chairman uf the Sujiool
Hoard, and the motion carried.
In regard to the Millstreani bridge,
Aid. I'lanta moved that theoomnift.toe's
report be adopted and tenders be called
for the const ruction of the bridge including plans and specifications, and sent
Aid. M,-Do,,al,I oi,I nol think if was
necessary, us a monthly statement would
shortly be presented; Aid. Westwood
considered a reserve fund should always
be kept, us ii was of more, importance
than building si,I, walks; Aid, Wilson
ilid not think il fair lo link this of the
City Clerk, ami that il was the duty of
the committee on Sirei
thought each Alderman who asked for
work.',j lie done should furnish the esti-
nucte.'. Ii.'i'ef,.:'.
Finally the motion was laid on lhe
table lor lwo weeks.
Un Mio'ioe of Aid. Wilson, Ibe annual
Loan By-law was read a Becond lime by
title; it then passed through committee
and was read a third time and passed.
Aid. l'lania naked if ihe > mlttee
appointed   to  interview the   It,,aid of]
Trade  had  met.     Aid.  .Morion   replied1
that, owing to the absence tin gb sickness of several members of ibe Hoard,
they had been unable lo meet.
Aid. I'lanta said, owing to an unfortunate mistake in Ibe minutes on lhe Rev-
anueBy-law, thev slated "thecommittee rose," but did' nol add "and reported
progress." lie asked if il. would be out
of order lo move  thai  the   bill go   into
committee again, or would it !„■ neces-
Hiiry to re-introduce il.    The   Mayor replied that, as the committee  lose  and
not ask   leave  to sit  again, il was
!ariesS<Ki), ttd
lighting [86, fuel
sli), postage ami I'. 1). box $(l,
cloth Ing I 1.'II, lei,'grains .',, supplies .■'£}, cleaning .-b, sundries
$60; total   	
.l.ui.F.xi'K' sis—Water .12, meals
.,-',, lighting .-■'., cleaning $6,
stores .,40 ;  Ultlll    	
City Oi.ERk's Ilince —Salaries,
$2i(i0,posiugeuiid P.O. box$50,
telephone ,;ii'., printing and advertising ijUOO, telegrams ?0, B.
C. tiazeltes ■ tf \ repairs to office und collector's office, $160,
lighting$40, imdil ( un. fuel$20,
stationery > 21), ion,I premiums
S'ii ,, , leaning $7, BllpplieS (type
w rilei"     iilO: total .....
Pouxn—Rent$120, feed$120,commission .,!> sales   10, sundry ,x-
I" iihcS$20; t ilul       ....
Inelair ICitv Ham.— Iii8umnee$80, painting jaiO; total 	
FniK Dbi'abtment—Wages (060,
telephones $72, lighting $180,
remission of mx.-s: 200, repairs
and fixtures $20; total	
Sen,, .i.s—Maintenance   	
STBKBT l.l'.ll I I Ml     	
Miscellaneous—Elections $100,
Hoard of Health ?800, charities
$400, donations f200, legal $200,
leper $180, Coroner's lees $100,
Mayor's fund (600, city scales
repairs $28, hunk Interest 1(200,
Snblston & Wilcox (property)
$168; total	
The chaplain of the House continues his blasphemous prayers. As
a way of calling the Almighty's attention to the wickedness of Jones
of Nevada in "holding up" tin1
tariff bill in the Senate Finance
committee, he "prayed" last week
for "additional protection tn American workingmen." Washington
correspondents are making merry
over the chaplain's performances,
and (hey surely can plead that
there is a difference between laughing at religion and laughing at
(hose who make religion ridiculous.
Hut the thing has already passed
I beyond the stage of ridicule and
I become a question of how to put an
end to the sacrilege. What is the
18,1561 use 0f talking of a great cathedral
in Washington if this spectacle of
hideous impiety is to be allowed in
the national legislature? it is high
time that "the church vote" made
itself felt in connection with this
public scandal, not to let the jingo
I vote, the high-tariff vote, theCuban
$87,080 j vol(,; tm, genera]iy quarrelsome and
repulsive, underbred and heaven-
defying vote have everything their
own way in Congressional devotions.—-Mew York l'oet.
an examination for Managers' Oertifi-1
cates of Competency under tne above Act |
will be held at Nanaimo on or about the '
Second Thursday of April, 1(196.
Candidates intending to present themselves at such examination must, on or
before the first day of April, 1898, notify
sueh intention to the Chairman of the1
Board, from whom all particulars can be
Applicants for examination must not I
be less than 2.'i years of age, and must
have bad at least two years' experience
underground in a cud mine (or mines).
Along with the application they must
also send a eertilieale of service from
their present or previous emplover.
TAKE NOTICE that there will also'
be an examination as above mentioned
ut Union in the month of August, 1896,
Chairman of Hoard.
Xax.umo, .Ian. 21, 180(1.
Farm for Rent
A Full Assortment at the Lowest Market Rates
Promptly Attended to.
All kind!) of
Tin and Sheet-Iron Work.
Victoria Crescent, Nanaim o
Office Tel. 3D.   P.O.B00CM.   Residence Tel. 101.
known us the Shirks Estate, offered for
rent, subject to approval of the court.
About 50 acres under cultivation, with
all  necessary  haras, dwelling-house
and store buildings.  It also comprises
a splendid orchard of four acres in good
healthy condition.   This farm is situ-
ated about six miles from the city.
Received Up to Monday, March 2xd,
For further information apply to
D. S. McDo.vali), ,
Guardian of Estate, Haliburton St.
Bevier House
MRS. JAS. HAWKING, (late of the
Temperance House) desires to express her thanks to tbe public for
former patronage, and now begs to
state that tbe Kevier House has
been comfortably arranged for the
accommodation of boarders, steady
or transient. Single or double rooms
with hot or cold water baths, and
electric light in each room. Everything strictly first-class and charges
moderate. Remember the house, a
half-minute's walk from the old!
stand north.
Fnneral Director and Embalmer
Graduate nf the Oriental, the Eureka,
the  New   York ttnd Clark's
Schools of EmbHlming.
1, 3 and 5 Bastion St., Nanaimo
All accounts due the Estate of John
Hilbert must be paid on or beiore .the
15th of January, 1800, to J-Lniy Jane
Hilbert, Bastion .**'treeL Al! iwjtstand-
ing accounts after tKsut <U.te will be
placed in the hands of a <*ofJei*tor, with
full instructions to press for sane. In
future the business will becondoeted btr
Nanaimo, Jan. 3rd, 1890.
Bakery and
.fin. bi,">
is nn: CHEAP
Invites Inspection and Comparison
as to Qoality and Price.
Awarded  First Prize at the Agricultural Show.
The Nanaimo Bakery Excels
.f 1,000
Presidential Coincidences.
,l,,hn Adams was eight years older
than his successor, Thomas Jefferson; he eight years older than James
Madison: he eight years older than
James Monroe, and he eight years
older than John Q. Adams.
George   Washington   ended   his
term as President in his sixty-fifth
year, and so, ton, did John Adams,
Tie,mas .Jefferson, James  Madison
and James .Monroe.
Thomas Jefferson and John. Adams
250 I died on lhe same day, July 4, 1826,
j exactly of) years after  the signing
280■ <if the Declaration of Independence.
One other President- James .Mon-
| roe—died on July 4.   His death occurred in 1831,
Kvery President, it is said, with
lhe single exception of William H.
Harrison, has had blue eyes.
—.**'/. Louis Republic.
The Popular Bakers.
Bastion Street, opp. Telegraph Office
LAMPS, Etc. etc.
House Painters
-<'^M   Paper-Hangers
Sioij painters
WHARF STREET.   -   Posloffice Boi 71
gJiT Orders left at R. Lukey's Printing Office, Bastion .St., will be promptly
attended to.
Birds and Animals set up in a thor-
ough workmanship manner.
On Hand—Roar line Deers' Heads,
which will be sold for price of setting
then, up. Also a fine case of Birds.
d. s. Mcdonald.
69 Haliburton Street, Nanaimo.
ommercial Hotel.
BARKED Jc POTT8, Barristers mid Sollcltori.
Co'tuneroUU street.
/,    l'\ CANE, n,irriKterandSoli<*lu>r, Room 11,
"J.  Johnston Bloolc.
Corner t'i,niiiii>ri'iiil anil Bastion Sts.
Ml 1XNKS A  MiINNKS,   Ilarrbaers.   Room  6,
VARWOOD ,t  VOUNG, Iiiirrisu?™, corner ol
1   (',
Balance for streets and drainage
into tbe Council within two weeks. Aid. ,
Sinelair seconded. equivalent to a dissolution,
Mayor  Davison said  it would  bens asni-.u,  BBTIMATKS,
well to call for tenders for an iron bridge, I    Aid. Wilson, chairman of the I'inun
as many cities were now adopting' tbein, | committee, submitted  the estimate
think  it Was   receipts and  expenditures for the
but Aid, I'lanta did not
practicable. I IHIIII," which   were  considered   in   .■
Aid. Wilson did not. think it was right: mlttee,
to call for competition in a small job of
this kind, mid the first thing to consider
was how the money was to be railed, If
it was necessary to pass a by-law for the
purpose, that should be first attended to.
Aid. Planta favored tbe work being
done by local eon tractors.
Aid. Bradlev thought Aid. Wilson had
pointed out the correct course, and that
the report should be laid on the table
until ways and meaiiB were provided to
carry out the work.
Aid. Westwood said it was necessary
to do the work, and thought, as it .was a
trunk road, the Government ought to
Aid. Martell endorsed the stand taken
by Aid. Wilson and Bradley; A Id. Planta
thought the Council should call a halt
in other work and build thebrJdge; Aid
Ald. Wilson explained than an increase of ijfifiii had been estimated in
wholesale licenses on account of taxing
all the breweries, as they were working
under the recent Ontario decision which
held that   breweries were amenable to
local taxation.
Mayor Davison stated that during the
w-eek he had business to attend to in
Victoria, and during bis visit he embraced the opportunity of Interviewing
the Attorney-General on this subject,
and that gentleman bad informed him
that a test case was now before the Supreme Court, and he expected it would
be carried to the Privy Council, Under
these circumstances the Attorney-General was not, prepare,I to say whether it.
Was legal or not to tux the'brewers, but
he suid if the local brewers could not. hi
ll rand total	
Pending the reorganisation deal, the
Fire Deportment estimates were laid
The increased estimate for street lighting is to provide for three or four extra
TIlO committee rose, reported progress
and obtained leave to sit again,
Zimmerman's Record.
Zimmerman, who recently arrived at San Francisco from Australia, is :2b years of age, Eebegan
Bl,178 racing in 1S87 at Queens. L. I.
Since that time he lias won $30-000
worth  of
This long-eitflbltBhod Hotel is comfortably
lltlci up Willi superior ticcoiiinioila-
tlons for lru\ elers an,I others.
usual Block. I'oiniiu'refjil street,
ion i voi'Xti, llnrrlsiers.
Commercial and Button streets.
TiiAKi'Y. Botanic DruMtit, Winfleld Crei-
.   ecu!..   Try lltir.lv'H I'ile ointment.
.r>,!H 7
None but the boat nnniiis ,,f Wines, Liquors,
Ales iiiei C'.Kurs dispensed ,u the i»nr.
T. O'OONN WI,, Prop.
111!. MASON, Dentist.   Extracting aipeolaltj*.
I'   GbUAIld Ktiier „,i,,iiiiisleri.,i.
Office, ,»<i'J Fellow's Block, Nanaimo.
other   than  oils
P.O. ll„x •'■ii,.
Telephone 7-'.i.
(187,0001 '""'""   '"   1"'IZC:
'prizes. Among these were 10 pianos,
27 gold watches, 88 diamond studs,
said In he worth $5(11)11, -I hiiroes, 7
carriages, ami 145 medals, worth
from $•">(! to $1(HI each.    The most j
vat liable prizes he has won were a I wholesale and Retail Healers In all Wade ol
$1000 team of horses ami a 11000
gold cup at Indianapolis.   The sum
W.I. CURRY, Ii. D. 8., Creep Block.
• class work guaranteed.
Nanaiino Moat Market,
,*iit:s, t:vr pharmacy,  ii.u.i. 4St-uruim,
"'   proprietors.   Victoria Crescent.   IllHpensillf;
ait.l family recipes a specialty.
Medical II,.il rticr . ommercial „,,,l Bastion streets.   Telephone l-S-B.
aid,Planta waB granted permission to of lhe money prizes he has won as
 i, i„. i.,  1.......1  u.. ,    ■    *, i    ..-*..    _.. _,-_,.__
introduce the Revenue Amendment Hy
Aid. Planla drew attention to tbe dis
a professional he refuses to disclose,
lie medals, cups, rings, studs and
Foreman said they would either have to ! made to pay, thev could not expect out-
fence the bridge off or build another, as  Bldersto pav the tax—both partieB must
it was  very   dangerous   in   its  present' be I .rented alike,
state; Aid. McDonald said it would be I    Bending further Information  whole-
ef'ul state of Needham street between   the 300 or -100 silver pieces, mugs,
Xicol street ami Victoria road, and the
necessity for a light in that neighbor-
Ii I. Referred inappropriate committees for report.
On motion of Aid. Morton, ibe remaining four new hydrants were ordered placed in position,
On motion of Aid. .Martell, a sidewalk
was ordered laid on Fry street by day
Aid. Norton reported the caretaker at
the Fire Hall had lieen suspended for
one week on account of drunkenness,
nnd that, Frank Robinson was appointed
to till bis position temporarily! Referred to Fire Wardens for report.
cups, pitchers, sugar howls and all
such tilings, he says, he has kept
ami intends to keep. The horses,
pianos and other non-portable and
bulky articles he hassold und traded
away. His best record in any season was that of 1898, when he made
101 firsts, and failed of first but
three times.
The lightning calculator of the
St. Louis Globe-Democrat has figured ouUbatjif all the gold offered
Council then adjourned until Monday I to the U S. Government in the re-
next at 7:80 p. m.-^ i cent bond issue were lien ten out into
■ei,, ,     , ***        ".       ... ,,     gold foil, it would gild a  roadvvav
rhe London newspapers discredit tJvel 5,. i   ,    ■>     ,, j ,i , v
report ilmt tl,,. Hiitmh intend toevaen- 5P Wt Wide  nil  around the world.
ate Egypt. 'Just think of (hot for a boulevard!
Fresh and Salt Moats.
"*"   Sausages, Etc	
Meals Delivered—
To any part oflhe city free of clinrpe.
Special Attention paid to snipping orders.
A Trial Solicited.
Lodge Notices.
Inkermnn Lodge, No. SIB, .Soji* of St.
George.—Regular weekly meeting is held
in Hubert's Hall, Wharf street, on Saturday evening at 7:30 o'clock. Visiting
brethren cordially invited to attend,
Fkkd. Wagrtaff, Sec.
People who Appreciate- ->
Hftv* their preacriptions liiBponsod «t
Their 1'rireK are Right. Telephone 3.
•WANAJMO  DYE  WnlSKS.-liyclnK. Ota-otaf
1*   and Repairing   14 Nice! street.
I'. I'llAlu.TON, Manager.
-,    MARSH, Wholesale  Healer in  Finh  and
Game, Baetlon street. Naiiaimo.
p.RAXIi HOTKI.-w. Steel, Proprietor—Vio-
yj   toria Crescent.
A  Proprietor,  victoria Cresoent
mnirance Agent.
M   WOLFE, Financial ami I
•   Johnston Block.
IiOREMAN 4 HARDY, Red Eitate Broken,
Bastion ■treet.
D  TAYLOR, l>e„l,r In all kinds of Xew end
• Sooond'Hand Furniture, and Fancy Articles „f irverv description.
Xe.vi to ilni'iinell'», Coinuicreiul street. I'EEAK   BICYCLES.
But Can Anybody Elide It?—Tbe   Bontaua*
ette is Built Low am! lis Designed to lieln
Women I.earn tt. Mount.
In England a man hoe evolved rhe
queer-looking thing on this page, which
tho Inventor safely claims to bo the latest
thing in cycles. This cycle has not ft8
yet been given a name, and it will not hi*
plaood in tho public service, for a month
The accompanying illustration is from
Black and White, a reputable publication
that would not bo guilty of play ins a
practical joke on the cytiling world. The
accompanying description is onUe brie!
aud In these words: '
"A glance will show its poouliar charm.
Itlghtnosfl with simplicity of construction
appoar to be i(h strongest points; the
rider, being suspended bolow the mnuhine's
center ol gravity, maintains a level seat
whntevor the speed or grado. Power is
obtained hy the simple action oi a spring
attached to tho treadles, and great spaed
ih promised. Vou will wish the now
cycle ii i tho success it may bo found to
deserve "
The Illustration Is, however, far from
satisfactory! a-- the details of the pedal
oonneotlon an not apparont, and the hart
statement   that   "power  is obtained by
1   ',  Ls.*l»/ .-      , .-'*. ' H
JlJjgjw m
Till    I n\v    toi ■■,:;      <>.;   v   mi :,',
the si-;!, Ie ,■■' Io ) of a • i ri ng il nch iu tu
tho treadle . ' -;..:. un ■■ ■■■-. tn .-.
Tho claim thai ' k rat power" maybe
secured ■'.■:'.; •, ■ idmi: ed by the average
mind proviv id i hat 1 he dt ■■ ice bo -oil ■■
down a very stoop hill, A rasual glanc
givos lhe impression of a man having
been captured by the fabled iu...; :: ike
which is bearing him off to Its lair,
The newest thing In oyoling is reproduced for tho bum ill ■ ■: i eoph who - elight
in tho study of abstruse questions in
mechanics. Some one of them may
figure it out.
Another new thing from Kngland
which will Interest all wheelwomen is
tho bantam ette. It Is a machine do vised
for women. It is a sister to the bantam.
The bantam was built especially for men
who desired to make an easy mount.
The seat of the bantam is low, allowing
the mount to bo made with a single
thrust of the foot against the ■.•round.
()n tho high seated wheels it, is often
necessary for unskilled ri tiers to take a
hop skip and jump for a considerable
distance before they arc able to got the require! balance
Thi! bantam ette was planned for a
similar reason, The new won.an. of
course, will havo nothing to do with it.
for sho spurns anything that suggests
weakness or unman lines, But to that
small remaining nlass of women who
still cling to the old fashioned skirts and
who desire to arrange them on tho saddle
and start off comfort-ably from the
ground without springing or straining the
body, tho bantam ette, will be a groat convenience.
Tins new machine is so low that tho
rider may sit in tbe saddh and pul both
foet nn tho ground at ono. The effect of
this is gn-aiiy to increase the sense of
security) so that, back peddling may he
done on a steep gradi easily without resort to tho brake.
It will bo observed that the upright
forward bar is of unusual length. This
Is made necessary by tho small diamotor
of the wheels, bringing the c: itch if the
fork well towards th( gn ind,
The arrangement of the frame In the
tear is pocnlinr, instead of tho pair of
parallel bars extending from the saddle
diagonally to the axle of tho rear whoel
thero is n single straight bar. ri i hing
from i he saddle to a heavier I ar whh h
extends horizontally from the roar axle
half way to tho pedals. In this way a
material saving Is made In weight, at tho
cost, It would seem* of general st • ngth
and rigidity,
Tho essential featnro of tho n nchine is
the pedal and gearing a bion, whl h are
attai hod to the forward wheal, Thero is
a chain less gear whh ii may be altered to
suit the rider,    in the  ordinary  chain*
THE tiUEEItl Sl   WUKRL "> ET,
gear bicycles tho ridoi is usually seated
slightly forward of a point above the
rear axle, In tho bantatnotte. the rider
Is seated Well forward.
Tho fact that tho propelling force is
given With the forward instead of with
the rpar wheel seems to make no differ*
enc-6 in the running of the bicycle. Some
Ingenious mechanics havo declared that
thorn is a lbflS of leverage in the chainless
gear, hut tins assertion has yet to he
proved. Those who have given both
kinds thorough trial are undecided as to
which is tho Hotter.
The bantarnetto shown in the picture
Ih built either with an upper < roas bar or
with a l1 frame for skirts. It is an excellent
machine bo lent n mounting with. It In
only necessary for a woman after arranging her skirts comfortably and seating
herself  Ariuly   in   the saddle to give h
forward thrust with one foot, or both
feat. Enough momentum ii» gained in
this way to allow of plenty of time for
getting control of the pedals.
Thero are some women who never have
learned to mount the bicycle, although
thoy rldo well enough when they are start
ed. They ar;* deterred by fear of falling or
receiving seme injury. There is abolutelj
I no occasion for st: Ii fear when using
the bantam ette.
Still another new thing in "wheel
: conies from the current Scientific American. It is .ailed a railway tricycle Tho
purpose of the machine is to provide a
means of conveyance for one or more persons as well as tools and appliances for repairing eloctrtc lines and railway trot ks.
The tricycle is tho invention of Mr.
William J, Mellur, of Langtry. Tex., aud
has boon patented.
As will be scon at once, the tricycle is
designed to bo run on a i ar-trai k, The
forward wheel and the guide wheel are
each provided with flanges for this purpose It was not necessary to have a
ilango on the rear wheel, as it. keeps the
track through the action of tho other
wheels. A Ann go on the rear wh--ol
would merely have added to tbe friction
without   accomplishing any g^oti  object
The front, and rear main wheels nre
placed In a frame, on whi-'h la a < rank-
sbaiiaml a sprocket-wheel to rotate the
roar whoel, The other trnc.fr rail is en-
gnged by tho flanged guide wheel on a
short axle attached to a transverse bar.
Tne handle bar may bo raised or lowered a; pleasure by means of ti movable collar. bYom the lower end of the handle
bav post a stiffening rod extends to the
transverse rod. The framework is so arranged that :t may be folded up Into a
comparatively small compass when not
in use.
A brake is attached in tho rear of tbe
front wheel, and on Che frame In front of
the sprocket-wheel is carried a tool box,
A platform in the rear affords room for
another passenger or for llxtures or appll-
ani es to bo carried.
Uy the movement of the handle bar
the rider keeps tho gulfe wheel ;n a proper
forward or backward position on curves,
preventing any binding of the wheels
and readily balancing tho frame where
tin r ■ is considerable difference in the elevation ol the rails.
The tlippocyt-le  ICtmbU-K Kept hie* tn Push
tl.<-  ttuhbei Tin*.
The pr?dlc*ion made  last summer  by
Prof. Alexander   *<rabam   Bell, the     liven tor of  the toll phono, 11.it :.  maejiii i
wottl ! bo   Invented that would   he to tin
horse wuat the bicycle .■ to I he man, has
attra ted more   than   pn di -   atti i I
jiiui the problem of   a vehi do   In
I he ::■ r-"   shall   bo tin    mi riva p w r is
not so far  from solution as many i titers
th it have v.-:. id the si ioutlflc wor tl   for
A corresnondont of a leading Ki nil th
paper, Cycling, hoi loves that In thc"hlp-
pocyclo," of which ho submits n w
drawing, a great advance in this direction lias been made, The imi dill
equipped with four iO-lnch rubber-tirml
wheels, tho two rear- whoels beinp h >-
cr>. tho forward wheels stcorors. Tho
machine is so designed that the horse
will propel himsolf and tho vehioli an i
thero will bo two riders, who will do
the steering and governing.
The method of transmitting the power from tho horsy is by a revolving end-
loss platform built upoti twu chains
supported by rollers, the construction
being identical with that of tho^iorso*
powor treadmills and with that in.-mall
pi ear mills and weed-saw ing yards.
Upon this platform the horse can walk
or run as desired, being harnessed with
collar anil traces in tho usual way, the
traces being hooked to the oncl of tho
In moving tho horse pulls at the
Traces, and as the platform reoados under bis feet the ma-dune advances, Motion from the platform Ucommunicated
tt- a toothed antl rate, he ted drum on the
driving axle over which the platform
runs, and the other end of the platform
over a froe drum.
When the ilrsl inaclilni was built it
wns found by this arrangement thnt it
was propelled bacward. To obviate this
difficulty the platform was reversed nnd
the horse placed so mat his la ad pointed
in the opposite direction to   that  which
It wns <!"Hn'(l In propol tho uiui'Iiinu;
mul mi douht this Kj-Ktem will ' ■ ruiitln-
ncil in i,i:,,'!:itt. - not lntoluleil to i'i.i, h it
hiffh rate of *,i»'c(!.
li ul ii iiitl,"t:iiiyi*»t oTorthlsdl . ilty
nnd ilu ii,'i", ,'ir,I macbloe pi mitts tiie
hoi'^o t,, he stntlouoil in n normal pualtlon,
no that hii lii'iul pnlnts torwiirit Th'.-.
ru-ult in nchlovoil l,y llttlnn tlm |lm-
forni bclnw tbi< driving mcli*, coinmunl-
t'.'ilii.L' Its motion hy ,,;itsi;U' tooth on-
gnglng in 8lnill*ir tooth on tlio drlTlng
iixl". ns Ih Indicated In tho  llliulrntlnn.
'I'll,- gonrlng ,'i the plnlform with Ui„
a.*;',.-, us tn tho   bli'yolo,   detormlnoii tho
-,*,,', ,1 ,.l    ll,,,   inn, !::.!'.     li'.li    wliiicns ill
tho bloyolo » two Hpcetl gonr In not n no-
oosstty, in il,,' In;.|' ■ y,■', ■ ii Is :::,f,-|„'ii-
Whon tho cyclist nowndnys oucountsrs
n hill il,.-,: Is too formldiiblo. !„■ ,!,--
mounts mid pnshos hln muohlno, To un-
liorni ks the luir-., in Iik,* mnnnor nnd ni
ini'li I.iin to the li',,iit (,f tho machine
would be ■ in of il,, question. But with
tho low gear us denlgnod, whioh Is np-
pllonblo at will, all hills cin be inonnt-
od. und tiir Hi',! spood goar Is mild to un-
swor admirably.
Tho horse in tlm hlppocyclo is imablod
to rest ni-s,ilnt,-ly on ovory approolablo
doollno, Kvery tlrlvor knows ilmt thu
strain ou n lmr.-.u drnwlnic a carriage is
I'ljuily sovero, whother tha gmillont l,n
lor or against him.
Tho anoloot llsos onlled iliu "Homo's
Prayer," will beiBcalladi
"Up liill and down hill,
*-|i,ii'o tlinit ino:
And wlimi upon tho lovol road
I'll make il up to tlioc. "
in tin* hlppooyolo the horso will be as
niiicli at rest when   (rning down  hill as
if ho wore in homo I u his stall.   Proper
provifioh is made for prventing Injury
to tho horse in case of » sudden appli-
oation of the brakes. Tho problems of
steering the hlrpocycle ate those involved in lhe government of the motocy-
oles or horseless carrlnges. liver good
roads a speed nf fifteen to twenty miles
Is said to have been made by the hip-
pooy iie.
Harder   Worked  Than   l!«'r
■ScIiol»rn «f I
Exceptional   Capacity   M;ty Kccuru  I'ro-
motluii Before the  Kcliool   Vear UihIr— I
Maai' KiToi ins Are Piopoii' d.
iTapan continues to be a country of
sjvoial interest to as many ar. are Interest*
ed lu the progress of nations. The educational systom Is spooially interesting,
Starting with tho demand for an improved olvillzatlon which came with tho Restoration, or Meljli only twonty*elght
years ago, education in Japan has mado
remark aide progress. Here aro some
facts in relation to student life, course
of study and systems In vogue.
Trior to tho Moljl period tho school pys-
tom "i Japan was at host a haphaxard
one. Education a-,-i> not compulsory, and
csen when tnugllt was kept within rigid
linos, and not at all adapted to the needs
of every day iii'o. To the higher nohles,
for instanon, the rules of urUhmotla were
t> in';/: loiter, and even among the Mim-
nral It wae conslderod infra dig. to understand tho working of the abacus (sorob-
an i- or count np maohlni—a most.
slmplo yotojcoellonl IBnbhidgeiu embryo. 1
bavehnd the opportunity of seeing a noble
: Cr-^'-.^'fiSii'.. .-M
=ki , ijmm ' ••''
- A     >*:.*■  »>*•■*
x\ \p-> vS&
i ovi uxmkN'T :•!;::; \\x\ S( nooi i»ov.
of prlncoly rani: engagod In taking a lesson in arithmetic, Though an ox eel lent
writer and pool of no small skill, he np*
ppor k! unable to grasp tho phnplcst prob-
h I i addition and sul I rn t Ion, And
thi- al the agi of twenty thre -, with n
bloom nig w Ife antl i wo sturdy »liildn n to
bear his name I it would almost seem
that the sonse of cnlonlntion had been crad*
loatod tir hopolcssly enfeebled \>y centuries of - untflmptous neglect. In the
nohles school at the preM ni ih y. 1 am
told, the same dislike for numbers Is apparent thongh In .i mm h loss dogroo;
while the young scholars are ut hor wise
very qntolt In acquiring luugungos and
fond ol abstruse argument,
Similarly, geography. In the sense In
which we understand it, wa- prnotloally
unknown, although the topography of the
Km pin was most carefully taught. Nor
was there any proper lustmotlon In the
mother tongue; no available dictionaries*
absolutely no grammar Tho place uf
these Indispensable hooks was taken hy
the Chinese classics, a knowledge of
Which was thought necessary fco every
student, female education was wholly
Ignored. It was considered quite ButHoieut
if a woman, oven of high rank, could
write with the stinpro ka'ia. or syllnblo
al])hahot Poetry was tautrht, bat after
a very halting fashion. On the other
hand, the greatest possible weight was
laid on nth lot lo exercises and the devi lop-
men- of the physique. Fencing was
taught to mere youngsters nf six or seven
and onward until they reached the age of
manhood. Atohory. the use of the spear
aud halberd, equestrianism, jujatsn, and
■. bi ore of similar exorcises helped to
strengthen the muscles and harden thu
frame, The Japanese of thirty yuarB ago
were physically a far finer race than tho
present generation. Moreover, the rein
thins between tcaohers and those taught
were cf a very different nature tln-n from
what they ore now. Sense! (literally
•'tencher1' > w; s a complimentary Mylo of
nddresH This Is derived from tho modern
Chinese custom, where, to he poll to nnd
elogant, it Is good form to add re* s any one
j,. luo sion-FhongCold teacher" t. To tho
present day sen-ei Is n title oi respoot in
Japan, but fields not tho exalted : -i
tion of yore. Then the instructor ranked
next, attar the pupH'ttown father and
mother. His word was law; his wlilies
desires of magnitude. b»e must *>o
humbly approached, bis name ven era tod,
his virtues extolled. And so tho teachors
were as a rule, men of profound learning In the style then pro vol ont; <if
modest mien, yet hluh virtue and sober
life; men, in .» word, who understood
thnt tholr example and precept had as
profound nn effect on their pupils ns tho
B lonce J'iev tried to instil into their
All this has changed. Many things
hro for the bettor, Irat not a fewnlso for
the worse Rvory two or tliree years sees
alterations ni impnrt.iti'-e-— some of vital
Importance—takoplace in the plans of
the Kducntlnnal Department. The pros
ont Minister ot Kid neat Ion, Marquis
Mftloujl the youngost Cabinet member,
has pronounced views of his own. which
he In desirous of seeing adopted before tho
next turn of the wheel will see him Land*
ed in the Privy Council or in possession
or some "ther lesf congenial portfolio,
Lust year, for Instance, a very great
olmnge wo* inaugurated. Higher middle schools—of which moro anon—were
given the rank and style of high schools,
wherein tho student may. if ho so de>
sires,acquire fully stifli.'iont kn wlcdfjo for
all puproies of practloal life, or may
graduate as an agricultural expert, an
englnoer, n manufacturer, serlonltnrist —
in a words as a well trained professor of a
number of sciences peculiarly adapted to
thcewrydny needs of the people. This
was n groat step in the right direction,
tho success of whi'-h was mainly attrlluit-
uhlc to the Indefatigable labors of Mr.
Tsuji Siiioji. nx-Vloc Minister of Rducn*
tion, and President of the Educational
Society of Japan.
Tho modern school years of the Japan*
use, as will he seen from the following.
aro far too long. The I Diversity Is a
goal which can he reached by few. The
schools are divided thus:
Primary School—Course of  four years.
Higher Primary School—Course of
four years.
Middle School—Course of tlve years.
Higher Middle School—Course of three
University—Coarse of four to live
It will thus be seen that,  according to
the system now in vogue a student must-
study twenty to twenty-one years before
he can hope to obtain tho diploma of the
Imperial University. This means, moreover, that be has toheglnsohoolatthe age
of six. never fail in any. examination nor
be absent for a period of any length on
account of ill-health—almost an impossibility. Tho term, however. Is usually
shortened by permitting graduates of
highorprimary schools, upon standing an
additional examination, to enter tho
second year class cf tho middle schools,
thus abridging the scholastic period of
the latter by one year. Further, scholars
of exceptional ability can pass from one
class to another In six mouths instead of
one year, If they show them solve-] up to
the required standard. Again, pupils can
enter any class of any school, without
having certificates from ether establish
inentfi, if they aro aide to stand the on-
trance examination for such a olftfis. Ami
It is for these reasons that. Micro are such
numbers of private schools in every oity
and town—school-devote:! to a sort of
forcing system In hlngliflh and other
modern language-- (German or l'renchi.
mat hematics and physics, bookkeeping
and the principles f law and political
oennomy. Most, of those private establishments. If not devoted to the teaching ot
cue or two special subjects, are of middle
class rank, though there are numbers of
private primary schools scattered throughout tho country as well, School lees are
payable at the beginning of each month
in both Government and private schools,
tho price of tuition ranging from abonl
:'."> sen to 1 yen 50 sen per mensem (1:.' .
cents to 76 cents gold:. "Most schools
charge entrance fees, now termed nyuga-
ku-kin, "entering school money,'* although under tho old system this was
known as the sokushu, or "present raado
to the master," a much prettier stylo
Sohonl hygiene and sanitation are still In
their infancy, though in Government establishments little is loft ;:> he desired in
these ivFpecu. Students on entering the
school building must change tholr wooden
dogs or spiJtons for noiseless straw sand-
alp, although many walk harcfont all day
long The desks and heuohes arc even in
high class private establishments, of n
rough and i onrpu description. Xu attempt
is made to keep the young hacks straight
or pro\ent tho young '.boulders from
In Government schools most students
aro required to wear a uniform—. oat and
troupers of foreign out, with a forage cap
bearing in front the school -insignia, two
gilt pens, n Hag, a chrysanthemum, ti
white and gold band, etc There arc no
half holidays. Eaoh day hns Its five to
six and even seven hours of Instruction.
Between classes there is a recess of five
minutes, with half an hour at noon for
lunch. Japanese Bohoolhoys are in nch
more sedate in their bcnrln : than their
colleagues abroad. Gui tea In the o\ en
air aro not much In favor, although
cricket and loot hall, thu latter In particular, aro gradually hi■ * mlng popular.
Kvory Government and privato school ol
note or protonsion has twice a year an
open air athlot o meeting or picnic, where,
foot races, leaping, wrestling, etc, are
practised with enthusiasm, still the
university record for leaping, running,
etc., falls far short of tho records of
America or Kuropo. The long jump averages 17 feet; the polo jump !-'- feel: high
running jump, 5 feet a Inches at the
maximum. Boat races aro in favor
among tho pupils or middle schools and
the students of the nnlversUy, but boats
of n very clumsy bill Id are used—mere
gigs, without outriggers ov sliding sents.
Still the young rowers drive those crafts
at. an excellent pnoo through the water,
and tho annual regatta of the Imperial
University antl Higher Middle School of
Tokyo is attended by many prominent
men, thi Prince Imperial generally being
pretent as an interested spectator. The
honors almost invariably fall to the law
s! tulents.
The great objection to the system or
education at present in vogue In Japan is
that   it,   requires  far  too much  of    rue
List .
•   I   il i "
MIlUil.l.     M'lKilll.
■; i Di    r.
Students. They are OXpOOtod to acquire
all the isms and ologlei of Wost< rn
schools, .md have in addition to spend
from three to four years in tho acquisition of tho Chlnoso Ideographs—over four
thousand, often six or seven thousand, of
most complicated and dUlloult signs, Thli
graphic  systt    wonderfully dovoloped
though it undoubtedly is, nnd of remarkable flexibility, Is the bade of Japanese
school i fe. it is to this that the too
great length of the curriculum is eolely
attributable, It Is owing to this that the
best students quickly age, and that consumption and brain disease are becoming
typical maladies of learnod men. The
latosl statistic* show that there is a
marked annual Inori ase in I he number of
short -sight, d students, and that tho wearing .of spectacles is becoming universal
among graduates ol higher middle
schools, Moreover, statistics show with
equally sad distinctness that there is n
steady decrease in strength and stature,
that the students of to-day are physically
vastly inferior to their fathers or grandfathers of half a century ago. This truly
deplorable state of affairs has. it need not
bo said, engaged the active attention of
tho Government-, and the Introduction of
semi-military drill In Covernmont schools,
tri-woekly gymnastics, Dot to speak of the
favor shown to Jujutllt* fencing and
other similar exerdRos, hoi thine much
to Impede tho course of tho evil. Still, no
stroke has as yet boon made at the root of
tlm trouble, for, from mistaken patriotic
motives, tho Japanese believe that tho
abolition of tho Chinese graphic system,
now wholly Japaniei/,ed, would bo equivalent to Injuring tho very virility of tho
language, and causing the mother tongue
to become gradually forgotten or fall
into disuse. There are very few in favor
•ttfit adoption of Roman   letters,  and,
frmn what I everywhere hear, there :s
little chance of this graphic systom over
becoming adopted. On the other hand
•the partisans of the kma, or Japanese
{syllable alphabet oT forty-eight signs, are
growing in strength and numbers. At
all events, something must, be done, and
that quickly, or the future generation
Wl 11 be far moro degenerate than the
Until quite recently—that, is, within
tho last live or six years—education of a
mere than primary grade was not, obtainable oxCOpt in the larger cities. Of higher
middle schools there are, even at present.
hardly more than half a do-en, principally
in Tokyo, Osaka and Sendai, tho others
being of comparatively small repute.
This necessitates the leaving of their
homes and tho travelling to a distance
on tho part of thousands of students. In
Tokyo, 11 the Kanda district atone, it is
est'inatid that men- than thirty thousand
students arc lodging, while an almost
equal number is to be round in Hon go
district, whore are tho Imperial l*nivarsity
ami first Higher Middle School, These
young men, of ages ranging all tho way
between fourteen and twenty-nix. man-
ago to live and pay for their schooling on
a monthly average stipend of eight yon,
I for this, or a little less, Is the average in-
| oomo of students in the metropolis. Ifor
I board and lodging the student must pay
j from four to iivo nnd one-hall yen or so.
; from $» to 9-3.70 gold. For bathing and
sundries he expends, say, one yen
monthly, the residue being absorbed by
school fens. For those $9 or $2.To he can
;a-: n room of three to four and one-half
mats in she (one mat measuring two
ami one-ha If by live anil one-hail feet).
and food, but of a very Inadequate description. A scanty allowance of fresh fish
i non a t'i>*y, no beef whatever, perhaps an
e;-.;.' once or twice a week, salt fish every
other day, and pickled vegetables and
rice. This Is his whole bill of faro, summer and winter, and It falls dooldodlr
short of the necessary dietary standard.
The want of nitrogenous food is shown
in tho very great prevalence of that curious disease, kakke, tho beriberi of tho
Malayan peninsnia,or Polynuritis en lom-
ica, according to Professor Dr. Hie!,-..
The acute form of this endemic malady
carries the i-ulfe.-er off In less ban
twenty*fonr hours, How can this he
obviatedP is a quostlnti which has soroly
vexed tiie Kdttcatlonal Llepartment I'ho
only remedy sterns to lie in an
in the numhor oi middle soho*
heightening of tho a landnrc
ready tn i s.istnn . Thl -
student need nt : travel
in  search   <'   gnowl"
, and the
,-f those al-
done, -the
far from homo
And, Iwt It
sound Ine able tin; pretty decent food
andl<-: tig may be obtnlnod for a minimum of £3 In gold in Tokyo, lot mo cite
tht act that in Tosn and othor southern
province students obtain much betti
board and lodging for $1,25 or even $1
go.d per mensem!
1; verv frequently occurs tha: t;,e
Japanese student's sour, e of Income fails
before his studios aro completed, either
by lack of buBlnes at home, a bad harvest,
deal h, or similar causes, In this ease the
young man Is suddenly th own on his
own resources, ye; vvltho tt having gone
far enough to tit himself for any particular enrour, Some devot.a students actually spend the nights pulling jinrlklsha
or doing other no loss fatiguing work In
order to keep up their studios by day.
But by far the majority join tho sushi
faction-—a far spreading coterie of political rowdies and bravadoes ■ hat Is a dis
grace to Japan. Cf late years, or, rather,
within tho past twenty mouths, the soshl
have decreased iu numerical strength,
owing to stringent regulations issued by
the Government as well as tho popular
disfavor with which they are viewed.
Nevertheless there are thousands of young
men in Tokyo to-day who are no bottor
than vagabonds—young men who came
from tho provinces nnd failed as students.
From this element of discontent canto the
rufllnn who attempted to assassinate ihe
nged ' Jhinoso Peace Ambassador last
spring. I am assured that Marquis
Saiouj, Minister of Kduontlon, has
under consideration many valuable pro
posed reforms In tho Japanese sohonl sys
tern. While It is amazing and admirable
in many respects and ofthehlghost character, nil things eon.-idered, it is nevertheless, capable of much Intollligont reformation,   i am convinced.
Marry Youns  m« ii,
due oi the surprising things to American women In Knglaud is the number
ot Knglish women who marry mon . ri m
live to twenty years younger than thi . -
selves, The action ol tha Baroness Bur-
(.:*,'. Coutts In taking so young a hus
baud as Mr. Harth :<, .- by no an an- uncommon in all grades ol Knglish •■*-
-: ty and a bit of a - hock to the ro-
muntic-minded A merican, who prefers
to tot her husbnMl have quite tho advantage of horn) point oi years at least.
It was almost with a little gasp of horror a sentimental iittlu American was
told of tho tlrst meeting between Mrs.
Kltchlo, Thackeray*!* daughter, and hor
presont husband. His met her was a
dear friend of Miss Anno Thackeray,
who, one day. when about .. years old,
dropping into i.'"' Ritchie home, raealved
the Interesting information n| a brand
new arrival In the household, Proud
Mrs. liliohio herself placed tho woo
Rlohnrd in Mlsn Thackeray's arms, so
that young I ad j romarkod wltha laugh:
"bo it lu anothor i t V. little toy come
to make tho ttltohlB family Pappy. it
was the sonto Richard Kltehlu who in
after vfir- made Miw '. ni.* Thackeray
tils wlfa
\\ ii-   .'"• ti'. inns to  h now,
Tht other day a won,an shipped her
husband's remains aud a dog ovej tbe
Central. At Albany she apponrd at the
door of tho baggage ear to see now they
woro gotl Ing nlong,
"How does he seem to be doing"r'1 she
usked with a   sniff.
"Who, tho corpse! ' inquired the baggage master, kindly.
•No. the dog."
"Oh, he's comfortable," replied the
"Anybody been sitting on him?"
" Who. the dog;"
"No.  the corpse. "
"Certainly not,'* nnsworrd the baggageman.
"Does it seem t-old enough in here for
him J"
"For who, the corpse)-"
'No, tho dog."
"1 think so," grinned the baggage-
"Does the jolting appear to affect him
'Affect who—the dogV"
"No. the OorpBO,''
"I don't, believe it does.11
"You'll keep an eye on him, won't
you?' she asked, wiping a tear away.
"On who. the corpse?"
"No. the dog."
And having secured the baggageman's
promise, she wont back to her coach »p-
> parently contented. -Kxchunge,
Man's conscience is the oracle of God.-—
j Byron.
If thou desire rest unto thy soul, be just,
j — Quarlos.
Humility is the truest abstinence in the
'Trust reposed in noble natures obliges
them the more.—Dryden.
A man  without,  mirth  Ie like a wagon
without springs.—Beecher.
Want, and   sorrow are the wages that
} folly earns for Itself.—Schubart.
Envy always Implies conscious Inforiorr
; ity wherever it resides,—Pliny.
Good-nature is one of tiie richest fruits
I of true Christianity.—Beecher.
If a bettm- system is thine, Impart it; if
; uot, make use of mine.—Horace.
An  ounce of contentment  is worth   a
pound  of sadness,  to serve Cod with.—
! Fuller.
i Beauty is the first present nature gives
i to woman and the tirst it takes away.—
■   .More.
Providence has given us hope and sleep
; as a compensation for tho many ■ arcs of
I life.—Voltaire.
Genius may bo described as the spirit of
I discovery. Il is the eye of Intellect, ami
| the wing of thought.—Slmms.
i Fnvy makes us sec what will serve to*
} accuse others, and not perceive what may
; justify them.—Bishop Wilson.
Obstinacy and contradiction are like a
j paper kite; they are only kept tvp so long
: as you pull against them. —Anon
It takes much marble to build tho sepul-
j dire. Mow little of lath and plaster would
; have i' paired Lhe garret.    Bul wor.
Waul ni d wealth equally harden the
human licitrt, as \'\\^-\. and fire are both
alien to the human flesh. — Theodore
Kxtrcme views arc never just: something always turns up which destroys the
calculations founded uu their data.- -Tan*
en d.
A greal man may be the personification
and Lype.of the epoch for which God destines him, but be :•■ never Its creator.—
I; ,.- nol true thai , quality i-* n law of
nature. Nature has uo equality. Its sovereign law is sul«>rdinatiott and dependence.   -Viinv. aargues.
All thai is good in art i- the expression
uf one soul talking to anothor, and is
precious according '■<• the greatness of tho
soul that utters it.— liuskin.
There is not tho least (lower b t! seems
to hold tip Its bead, and to look pleasantly, In thi *ei ■ ! si : -'■ ol the goodness of Its
heavenl;  maker.   So tth.
(iood hum i' is tie very air f n good
mind; tin si .. of a largi an I ..■ nercms
sou!, and I he pei till tr soil In whii h vii tuo
prospers,   i loodmau.
faultless people have f »w friends.
Tho  bearer of good news always  has a
-\ '     |   \ -.■n-c.
Onei i the bosl lu io- toward heaven i- a
good mother.
Wherever Cod*s will i- hi v, nothing but
purity can exist.
We have all blamed Adam fi i lulling,
bul Cod never has.
Kverythiug good losl iu this world will
be found In heaven.
Lovo never has to Irj watched to see that.
ii does honest work.
Lei flowers bloom all the year round,
and the bees will quit work.
The greater tho house built on Lhe sand,
thu greater will bo the loss.
When our hearts refuse to pray as Christ
teat hi -. he is no longer our Lord.
Do right yotuself, and you will help
some other man to behave himself.
Fhe poorest people in the wor id are
those who try to keep all they get,
Tho devil leaf- no man's profession
u hen it is higher t ban his pracl let.
Make homo like heaven, and you will
make the children waul to go there,
Cvi-iy trial Cod permits us to have, la to
teach us something new about Christ.
Pro vi that there is no devil, and every
man in the world will be your friend.
As soon as we hegln to have peace with
Cod. we begin to have war with self.—
Knm't- Horn.
Thu Small ttegituttiiKsThttl I'rodtti
ti leaster*.
Moistened Lin turnings and chips havo
bet.! li tn w n to taku iii  .
A rat kitawlng ai nboN I greaw dipped
friction mi Lchi - Ign ■ ed thu lo!.
A running hi II which sagged into a mass
of greasy waste set (Ire Lo tho heap by
A Hood burned ono factory by causing a
pile of iroi Ming to oxidize so rapidly as
to become intensely heated.
A match carelessly dropped beneath a
lace curtain was stepped upon, Ignited and
Instantly the drupei|y was ablaze.
A !<■-,- exposed to the sun's rays In an
opt Iciuu's window frequent ly ucl s as a
burning fglussbefore being noticed.
A cockchafer crawled from an oil receptacle to e gas jet, whtrc the creature's
tuly body took tire, and, fulling,spread tho
A stream from the fireman's hose startod
.i second lire while, putting out. tho first,
i he watt r having penoi rated an adjoining
buildi::.; containing (julokllme.
A nail glanced from a carpenter's ham*
mer Into tho conveyor ol raw material In a
jute factory, rubbtd agaiusi it drum, and
produced a ■■park which net tiro ■• the
place,'  Insurance J our mil,
"Krninuul kin laugh et ho own folly
am er long way* Cum bciu' er fool.
*'' indusa'vt il Tanks bu'ta er hones' man
wuss'n de brackes1 Ingratitood.
"Vomlghl ex well set on er ba'b-wire
flnce fo'eomfo't ez lo uuss yo1 augah lo'
de satersfackshtn hii am toryer,
"Kf yo' lion" feel hltyo'dooty terbohappy, yo' kaiu't git much happiness onto'
doin' yo1 dooty,
"1 kaint sympafizo. somehow, wlv de
man vv'al 'd rttddah mck or big failyuh 'n
SCO1 er small succiss.
"Vo might c/, well try tor jedgo er boss-
pace by de dus' 'e kicks Up e/. try tor reck
In'fum de splu'g or man ineks how much
ob de man doy am in Mm.
"Mos* folks '11 deny deysu'ves terday lode sake ob«r happy termorndi; but. whah's
do si use It) Ilblu' stingy nil yo' life an den
dylu' Co' dc bouerJitof yo' hT cousins an'
de lawyahs ■'"
In 1884 tho Massachusetts general assembly made bullets a legal tender by the
following eiiactmont: "It is likewise
ordered that musket bullets of a full
bore shall pass currently for a farthing
apleco. Provided thnt no man be compel*
lod to take shove XI Id at u time in
nnd Weather the Cause—The Dlfl*-
sow Attacks HorflOBj Cats und Dogs—
[Icrobe Theory—A Curious Cere.
at empire,
This  being
ir wo shall
of   the   dls-
■ip.   like   tho    courso
s [ts course   westward.
jaso, it Ip very likely tli
i b ive anoilu r opldemlo
News is received every day by tho
i that Influenza has spread all over
ope and is -till spreading. Berlin
b ■ m especially ucf irtunute, and
there b ive been recorded In that capital
w many as 500 oases lu one day. A great
RUiih.-!* of those proved fata!.
LFrom Gormnny, which was visited by
ildemlo last month for tho second
tills year, tho disease spread to the
■north ind west. Its ravage? were severely folt In Norway and Sweden, which
HpUOtrl ib h ive had very bad  weather.
) In England  tho   citizens   havo   Inula
leeooud   oxpoiieuco  this   year   with   the
The cable reports that many pen.
n ible   birth   have  been   a (dieted,
, diows that thu malady   is  no   re-
■■   if persons.In this regard the grip
Idttf':- from cholera, whioh  con tines   its
attention chiolly t, >  the   very   poor, ex-
some particular instances which
iccouutod i r.     The reason   for
that the cholera germ breeds and
In filth, whereas the  inter ibe of
v,if the microbe theory bo adop-
[ulres uothlng hut a   dark, disa
■itato ol the weather Lu order to
i :o a condition of   Irritating ro-
Far it must  be   remembered
*! linslthlor the mlcrobt)    the less
thfi ludlvidual who us  actiug as
history   uf    grip   epidemic*;     has
shown that the maladymay bo expected
g> arrive here a tow weeks after  Its up-
uirau-fl In Piuropo,    On   tho   occasion
hoi tho grip first   became   prominent,
knd whs recognized as a mallgnaut and
con' lj   hi- disease,  Its course   could   bo
readily traced cloar around   the   cart.;.
u.'hts w*w In 1889.    Tho weather   during
the winter  of   is-.'  ■)   wns   remarkably
dauvp  uid disagreeable, and   those   cno-
J/Ueuis   accompanied   tho disease   eio-e-
|jy ou its  globe-trotting   expedition.    It
rwa-, li " until the upldomlc reached Con*
|trai   .':fi'::i that- i^ -.bowed   any   sign ol
let'-; -.-, no, and ever, then it died hard.
,'T-a .   weather   during    November    has
1 t»en 'i ::■: b-ularly fiv,rabbi  to    tho    de-
»Voli,i;   uit  of   tho srlp intend es.    All of
*"tb« u     .isa,? cundi'i us havi* prevailed.
| Warn;   t;id eohi day*, have  alternated in
confusing aud unexpected  maii-
ner.   i:"T.i has Iimii ,i great deal of rain
•nd   i kft.nmi!*.., and   tiie   wind    has,   OU
th** '.' il I days, l n of a singularly pen-
•j»:im_' character.    It h dlllioult   far a
It re. i
its :
jbrot *
■'to in..
exp'W .<
ll"'* *
[1n*   .I
tra'. i;
It w
that  :
, count ■
. JMU'.hii
who i- subject bo the disease to
himself against such a f irmi-
imbluation. Tho results or sure
nr, and wo have had sudl i mt
nco to know Just what they will
ioro will Me :i -dilvoring, a sueez)
soughing, and, above all, a feel»
lttor misery md    nervous   pros*-
not until a
• grip  was   t
7 ae a dUeas •
title in tlm li-
"Asnktti I.    M my det
1 pnly   •■ bad mild,  or
But it has
i grip Is a mi
i Is true that
many   reap-
Ii vo
tti ir.
ool 1
inn w
un 1 I
till !  I
' Bpn ■■*
he r u
| diflO'A:
deserving an c,»-
if ills rhat nftllttt
urn I that It was
i form of pneti-
duce been shown
I idy all by Itself.
It r woinbln-*! a bait
its, attacking tho
i' tho nose, t hroat
■juchinl tubes, title is mend.' an
i*. and not tlm main feature, The
, in fact, according to a well re-
1 authority of throat troubles, "to
rded as a general or constitutional
of which bronchitis is the   local
1 tnantl '■station.    Lik ■ ill
eases, tills has doubtk**^ n
aud ibis cause   is   undott
mosph ira,"
While physicians are general!
that tb ■ grip is caused by ttin presence
of • * ilu n.:- 7 dies ;n the atmosphere,
the? ire by   no  means sure   how  these
spot ill   cause,
itodly   the   ut-
germ *
It :•
■he ni
1 rep'.I »i
I bor  if
an up
Vs move from one part of the
■ » tho other. It U particularly
tit to understand how they can
Ten Atlantic I >i nan in the short
if a week, unless it is assumed
diay are brought over on shipboard,
li djra and other  epidemic  disease
,i clrctimstanno
in by those wh
robe theory th
■ uf lulluonz i,
lersotis aro  nt;
on ie of any n
deserving some
are Interested in
, during every
rar greater num-
ked than during
■ r disease,  ('ho!
Touching tho subject of tho oa use of
tho grip, Dr. William M. Draper says:
"It scorns evident that thu determining
cjiu.su of this disease,whatever it may bo,
is one whioh spends its force primarily
and direotly upon tho nervous system,
Its most serious results have, as a rule,
been observed in poisons of advanced
years and in those who are eufeoblen by
previous disease or intemperate habits.
The relalive mortality of the malady
has, to bo sure, not been large, but
When wo consider, apart from tho mortality which it has caused tho vast sum
of human energy that it has destroyed
and the check that it litis everywhere
put Upon tho wheels of human industry,
its effect has Indeed been appalling,''
Thero Is one point about the grin
whioh does not seem to have attracted
tho attention of physicians to any marked degree. There nre certain fortuuato
persons who appear to on joy n singular
Immunity from Its attacks. They aro
not necessarily robuajt in their health
nor particularly temperate In their
habits, Many ot them are weakly and
small. Vet whenever nn epidemic, comes
along thoy are sure to esoapo. Such individual.-, are accustomod to regard their
less fortunate neighbors with a good
deal of .surprise and they constitute
largely the class of scoffers who announce solemnly that tho grip Is only a
bad cold. They are unable to comprehend
that it is something much different aud
decidedly worse.
The symptoms of the grip are various
and sometimes remarkable. Ono Interest*
ing case whioh occurred in Philahdelphia
during the epidemic «1! 1893 was that of
a young woman. Mni was seized with
the prostration which indicates the approach of the disease and in a day or two
the grip was fully developed, She suffered excruciating pain and it seemed as
though every nerve in her body had been
exposed and touched by hot irons, opiates were administered in order to relieve the suffering, and when tho disease
had run so far tear pain was bouumhod
then followed a remarkable reaction.
"The sense of feeling" writes tho physician who attended the case, "anil, in
fact every other souse were as completely
overcome as in the case of sleep. A pari
of her brain was active as was evident
from hor muttering talk. The will,judgment and reasoning faculties wore all
benumbod, so to speak, and the young
woman was almost literally in tho condition of one who droams, The e was
this difference—she could du% bo
awakened, as tho droamor can." Thi-,
trance like condition lasted a woek    '
The explanation is that tho trances are
osused by tho poisoning of tho blood
which is one of tho most daugorous result* of the grip. The tirst manifestation of this poisoning is an attack on the
nerve centers. If tho attack were confined to tho nerves in one locality, as for
instance, those of the face or the sciatic
nerve, medical treatment could be applied
with good results. But it i-. Impossible
to give Mich treatment whon thu entire
nervous system has been brought under
the luiluenco of the poison. Tho only
treatment possible, then, Ih that which
deadens the pain by tha use ol opiates
ami when suoll suffering has passod'
away in the course of tho disease, to
allow nature to begin its restorative
work, aided by sv.rti science as medicine
can command. The trance-like influence
of this poison is not entirely gone until
tho poison itself has beeu ontlraly eliminated from the systom,
Ilyiteria is'also eausod by the grin.
An Interesting cur- of a cose of this
kind is on record iu the medical journals. A woman was brought to the hospital suffering from grip. On tho evening of her arrival she foil into a state of
hysteria, setting up from time to time
a series of unearthly yelks Tho doctor
studied her ease witii groat thoroughness, and was of tho opinion that grip
bad caused such weakness of the woman's
will power is could only In remedied by mental treatmont. Ho prescribed a curtain dose, which was to bo
taken every hour, and then loft, Early
tho next morning he called and found
tho patient very hysterical. He asked
the nurse if the proscription had been
given as ho directed, aud when told that
ir had, he said In a \wy loud voice;
■• then there is nothing for me to do hut
go away aud let hor die,'1
The doctor loft. The woman qulokly
recovered from her hysteria, jumped out
Of bed and went home, declaring that she
was as well as anybody. Toe doctor
pronotioed this one of the mysteries of
the grip.
Don't imagine that because you are the
wage-etiruor your wife has no rights.
Don't accuse your husband of drinking
every   time you detect an odor  of   liquor.
Don't become intimate with every other
woman in the house 'it you live In a 'bit. |
Dou'l be afraid to apologise even if you
have not been the Cause of tbe quarrel.
Don't move every time your wife buds a
better flat "for just the same money."
Don't walk three yards apart If you are
out t:i o rainstorm with only one umbrella.
Don't insist that your wife shall wear
bloomers so that you need have but ono
Don't: allow your children to know that
you have ever bad occasion for altercation.
Don't criticise your wife because she
adopts all the whimsicalities uf women's
Don't take the words out of each other's
mouth while telling a story to third persons.
Don't forget that the marriage relation
can never be a happy one without mutual
Don': throw your young husband too
much Into tbe company of fascinating aud
artful women.
Don't make biting remarks about "how
different" things are when you have company to dinner,
Don't refuse your wife if she wan'-; tho
last word. Let her have it, it won't cost
you anything.
Don't parade your children Us If they
were freaks; it does not make the neighbors love you.
Don't allow yourselves to become so domestic as to be cut off entirely from social
Don't give way to every temptation to
be irritable. If you do you only make
matters much worse.
Don't grow jealous if your wife raves
about some "mash" actor. Such frenzies
eve usually short-lived.
Don't be forever reciting to your friends
the daring exploits aud wonderful adventures o! your husband.
Don't make nn awful fuss ovor every
cent you give your wife, Vou were married with your eyes open.
Don't Imagine that because you are
married your wife has lost nil interest iu
her former associates.
Don't get so much in the habit of speaking "baby talk" that you forget to converse in any other language.
Don't, under any circumstances, -speak
about your wife to third persons except In
the most flattering terms.
Don't insist thai your husband walk
the floorovery night with the baby. This
duty .should be divided equally.
Don't forget that your wife Is much
.superior to oilier women, it' she were nor
you would not have married brr.
Don't, enumerate for your husband's
benefit the proposals you have received In
the past.    It only Hatters his vanity.
Don't rifle your husband's pockets every
night in the week. He may occasionally
find use for .some loose change.
Don't find fault with your wife because
she spends much or her time shopping.
Think of the money she saves ou bargains.
. by "I5'i«y,"
of   mlsundo
era. m has been pointed out, usually
MtiiUs only those who, owing'to the
in III: ms of to air lives, rendor them-
; solves peculiarly liable lo Its Inlluouoos,
Sear! it fever, typhoi t fever and smallpox iltui attack a smaller number of
victims* To uccount it this it has been
t-u-w >■.! id that the lufittenza mloyobe
.■ dun;u an epidomio u found in ovory
PPpatUof tho atmosphere and i.-, not con*
I ) tlnaV like tho cholera mlcrobo, ta oer-
Jbj talti I ' tall ties,
i'V Tun which might ho expected to follow from this Is just what actually oo-
ouw Tiie rich ami the poor, strotig and
weak, lean and unclean, alt aro alike
■abj-i fj to Ltiuueti7.a, vyl,h, however, thin
Important quallfl ml m, that the dlsoaKo
Is n ie usually followed by fatal result-.,
except when 1; attack* the aged and the
feebi' A perfeetly healthy man. In | tlll;t t!)(, ,|n
other words, though he may not avoid
eat liIng the malady, i.eotl not ruit any
i:i : msequoucsa If bo takes care of hlin-
r.*1i properly, Among human beluga
the .:i Ip i- not ■•■ i (I istrui liv ■ of llfo i\n
0411 ong some of the I mer animal.-. It In
reported that In Kngland the disease lias
foua i its way to dogs, oats and horses,
In tit i esse of tho dugs \\ hn,n had a
mortal Ity of (J per cent,: ol tho cats. 21
mil., and of tho horses a still larger
■ •nt. The mortality among men is
it oral due to compile it ions with
• troubles. Of these capillary bron-
*. aud pneumonia are particularly
% apt to cause death. It. Is hardly D000S-
v sarjr to stare that bronchitis and pUOU-
mon la aro favored by the same cm-
dltlona that ou courage iniluonza
tn regard to tho genu theory It may
, ho s.iid that this Is still under dlscas-
Bion. All doctors and scion tide mon
are Uot agreed that tho disease is caused
by norma, There aro, It is true, pathologists who say that they have BOOH
the bacilli of giip and that they are
nhlti to propagate them In certain "cultural." Others (there aro mire to bo
"others" in any solentlflo question
wbi Ii cannot be absolutely answered
beyond any possibility ot doubt), declare that while the germ theory may
lm uiJ probably is sound, it litis not
baeit demonstrated and honey eauuot
rattle ftl a cold, hard (-tot.
' oh It
W hut Uie"t'eiitrnl"M>n
Thore Is a   grost   deal
standing in the minds of some toloplmu-a
Bubscrlhorfl on the subject of the '•busy'"
with which the "central" of   the   telephone exchange will often reply to   re*
quest! for connection   to   certain   Hum-
nor.-.    Many people, even although they
may not exproM it  outright, feel   more
or loss vagnoly that they have Homosort
of   a   personal   grievance   against    ||)(.
"central" for turning them   down   for
the time being;   that   things aro   badly
regulated, and that  if   they themselves
worn running tho exchange no such annoying obstacle as "utuf"   would   over
occur,    l'ills, as tho   telephone   author-
Ithjfl say.  is a mild picture of   many   of
their subscribers, and for the  bonellt ni
both the subscribers and tha   public   it
has been found desirable to explain just
What   thu     telephone   "busy"    means.
', Whon :«ti operator report-,    •busy'*   to a
request for anv    number,    it    is   mount
illed for is In use,    From
j tho moment an operate"   connects   her-
j iui to the line of a calling subscriber to
I answer bis call that lino   i.s   automata
: .ally protected against interruption   on
I the part of any nthor operator whfimuy
j wish   to connect with tr.    The line   remains si protected during the   progress
; of   tho   communication and    until   the
| ring-off signal has been given and   dis-
i connect ion   made.    As   over*  lino   is
! available for connection With   others at
! a number of different points   In the ex-
1 change, this automatic system   of   protecting a line   from   Interruption    from
the momont it is put in use by the subscriber is absolutely  necessary   to   pre-
A Collect ton uf tn i ore st J iig and Inst rue live
Facts Ciinceriilug tile * Istial Organ*
Tho utility* of shedding tears is to keep
the eyes cool, though the balance of tbe
head may be hoi,
It is said that the prevailing colors >t"
eyes among patients of lunatic asylums
are brown or black.
Kyes of which the whole of the iris is
visible belong to erratic persons, often
with a tendency toward insanity.
BlUe-eyed cars are always deaf. The
physiologists have in will! attempted to
explain this curious circumstance.
Lines are more easily seen than small
squares. A line L-4,900th of the inch thick
can be easily seen by an unaided eye.
Many creatures of the lowest orders of
animal life are provided with eye .spots,
which probably gtvgouly nuimpression of
it seldom happens that both eyes are
exactly alike. An examination with n
magnifying glass usually discovers many
differences between thotw >.
A red object Is not nearly so visible at a
distance OS OUO of white. A n\\ globe a
foot in diameter can be perceived clearly
only at a distance of 3,000 feet, and a blue
globe a little further.
A white object of any size may lie seen
in sunlight ni a distance of 17,250 times its
diameter; that ;s to say, if it, i.s awhile
ball a foot iu diameter, ir can be perceived
at n distance of IT,3S0 feet.—Philadelphia
vent contusion that would Othorwlsoarb
by reason of   simultaneous   calls   from
different parts of   the   system   for   the
same number.
it'tc:' t.onn \>
"After long years work le visible. In
agriculture you oamiot see the growth.
Pass that country two months after and
thero is a difference, Wo acquire (Irtn-
nois and experience Incessantly.   Every
action, every word, overy maul, ll part of
our trial and our discipline, VYo aro
assuredly ripening or else blighting, We
aro not conscious of those ehatlgofl which
go on quietly and gradually In the soul.
We only count the shocks iu our journey.
Ambitions' die, grace grown as Lie goo*
on."—Kredurick W. Kobertsou.
Did you ever know a lazy man who
didn't complain that his pay was too low*
The cheerful giver is one whose gift is
from the heart.
The less religion people have, the more
they are ashamed ot It,
Wo treat Christ just as WO treat the
There are some blessings that God can
only give Iu the lions' den.
The only tiling that can kill worry i.s
With all Ms practice the devil hasn't
Improved any on hta first hypocrite.
It mngnlfl *s the love of Christ to become
j woll acquainted with some of the people
for whom he died.
Mnnj a man who claims to he trusting
! ti' l finds out thai lie bm't when the bank
S ek happiness and you will f. ll, S • ik
■. aud you u III flitd both.
Daniel could And time to pray three
times a day, btti 'some of us think we are
doing well If wo pray oi ce a week.
Tie- higher the Hood swells on earth, the
nearer tho ark mounts to heaven.- Ham's
The meadow lark has a plaintive whistle.
The hummingbird has a squeakyi little
Tho red-headed woodpecker slugs like r
tree frog.
The bluebird sings, in flight and at rest,
a soft, pleasing warble.
The brown thrush Is one of the sweetest
of dingers—a very gifted vocalist.
The Nfnrylnud yellow-throat hits a vigorous, rl u. but monotonous note.
The i nieka ! e in summer calls "chic-n-
dce."    In winter '"day-day-dny."
The bobolink has n most curious. Incom*
preln ustbhvjingling, roundabout, joyous,
laiigbublc medley,
The catbird mews, calls in a rude way
"trut-tut'tnt tat," and sometimes imitates
a robin ami a thrush.—Phtlndelphln Uec-
To milk the cow Intelligently, a man
must do so from the side of the question
that has to do with tho animal as a
mother. To milk the cow is to usurp
the place of tho calf, and secure for commercial purposes the substance '.'ailed
milk that nature provided for the offspring. This operation, then, becomes a
method of treaty with tho cow, and the
Inducement for her to continue the supply of milk, and even prolong it beyond
the time set by nature. The operator
should so proceed that the milking Is a
pleasure to tho cow, and ono In which she
realizes as nearly as possible the em >
tion.s of pleasure thnt sho exhibits whon
tho calf draws tiie mill: in nature's way.
The best milker is the man who estnh
iisiies a -sort of sympathy with tho eow
aud bestows a form of caressing that
appeals to hor, In turn, to bestow in her
way a form of bovine affection, If tho
milking is a quiet, painless manipulation
of tho udder, and a noothlng .sensation
follows the relieving of the glands lu
connection with it, nature pours out Its
abundance alike to calf and man, and the
cow is wi 1! milked. It Is now protty well
settled that milk-getting Is a result of
nerve forca, and that all the nerve energy
expended In other direction.- ; hnn I :ie
elaboration of tnilkcnusosa proportionate
loss of milk, and the worried and fretted
cow gives less and even Inferior milk to
What Bhe would if she bad quiet and restful conditions. Thu- the milklno -hould
never be of a character that irritate- tho
cow or dl-tracts her attention from tho
fact of milking; the milker should, with
quiet movement and assuring way. take
hi*-: plaoe at tho side of the cow. afld, after
a preliminary handling of tho udder, take
Arm and square holdot the teats, without
tugging or jerking, and with a gentle
pressure draw the milk, The plan of
milking out all the milk of thoqnarter
before changing over Is nor, a good one.
The four quarters should be as nearly oven
:\a possible—a sort of round and round
movement, until tho udder U emptied.
The milking should be performed with
a full hand, and never with the thumb
and linger; an-', should be continued until
the udder i.s emptied, Tho operation
should close with milking round twice
with the other band. Tho gentle handling of tho udder stimulates the nerve
glands to renewed action in milk secretion; aud It is thus that one gets yet a
little more milk. It is this that helps t..
prolong the milking season, a fact tin:
is emphasized by the poor milklngs and
faulty milking out nf the strappings by
the Indifferent owner or help, which results in the early drying off of the cow
and puts her, often unjustly into the
non-paying class of cows, Cows, of
course, should be milked nt regular intervals and In regular order. While
milking, the cow shed should not be a
place of Btrango noises, or of strange poo-
pie, and one person should at each time
milk the wine cows, only on extraordinary occasions milkers being changed or
new onos substituted. The individuality and heredity of men are nor. moro
marked than In what are known as
dairy animals. He who deals with men
has :i«:t greater need of mastering the
peculiarities nf those with whom he is
brought In enntaot than those who nave a
herd of eows to care for, the perfect care
and handling of whioh constitute what is
called advanced dairying. The dairyman
who recognizes thoso peculiarities In libs
herd best ministers to these notions and
whims, and turns each and all of them to
profitable account. In no place is greater
judgment to be used than whi n man, cow
and pall aro brought Into contact,—Exchange.
Boat-building patents number 121G.
There are lfiSO  patented   knitting-machines. ■
The steam engine  is covered   by SCOT
paten! -..
The:-'' are 153   I       'id   patented kinds
of noils.
Th ■   ..:■ > 159 p il ":;- covering masonry
There are       idiiferent kmds'of velocipedes.
The maiiufai   nre if gas   .-  covered by
3000 patei i
The ::. in ;■'.. tun       fei    is covered by
:;; patents.
Patented    machines   for  book-binding
number /■■.;.
Watch and clock making is encouraged
by 8040 patents.
There a:-.; 1449 different   appliances for
draw ing wire.
A-temsas has one inventor In every 10,-
79" of Its p ipulal on.
There are 3300 patents and  models of
sheet metai wire.
riten are M>79 paten)     cks and luti lies
: >•■ door, and gates.
There are t'."■,., d iTeront  kinds of saws
und sawing apparal us.
North   Carolina   has   one   inventor to
every 18,59? of its people
The fatenl Office litis issued 703 Ipatetits
on laundry appliances.
New Jersey has one  Inventor to every
1557 of it.s popttlui Ion.
Thero are \MV-' tools  used, or which may
be u.sed. iu stoneworkiiig
Pateuts ou explosives have been issued
to riie number uf 500.
The builders of tall  houses have   1039
elevators to choose from.
Paper me ihe « >od - have been  patented
to the number of 3:131.
Of air ami gas engines I025differeut var-
iet ies have been patented.
Cautions, guns, pistols and   projectiles
are protected by .''-■ pateuts.
One thousand and ninety  patents have
1 eon Issued for paving,
There are 4:240 models of patented pumps
in our Wash in jton office.
The American roof may be covered by
any one of lw" patent footings.
For tiie propulsio.ti  of steamships l"iS3
appliances have beeu ] ateuted.
There are 2'J9S dllVereut con! rivauces for
the purpose uf spinning thread.
Knives, forks aud spoons are protected
by parents to the ntimberof 12103.
There are S-SSS models of different kinds
of steam boilers in our Patent Office.
There aro patents for scrubbing brushes
i and brooms to the number of 81S4.
There are over 50,000 patents which iu
I one way or nnqtlier benefit the farmer,
There are 4S54 patents for the niaiittfae-
I  ture of furniture other than chairs.
Of mechanical motors  there  are   1773
known to the ofilcialsnt the Patent Office.
There are  1351  patents  which  ".nay be
employed in the manufacture uf glass.
Kitchen ware, exclusive ol stoves and
rnuges, is protected by 1747 patents.
Patent needles and phis are made to the
number of 175 different varieties.
Thero ate 3307 patents for machinery or
processes employed in paper-making.
The farrier is aided in his work: by the
Inventor to tho number of 1234 patents.
Tbe Implements and materials used In
buildings arc protected by 7792 patents.
Trunks, valises and baggage contrivances gonorully aro protected by 1338 patents.
Creain CbecHo,
A writer in Farm, Kioid and Fireside
gives the following recipe for making
cream cheese:
"Take half a pi'.** of very rich cream
and a cheese cloth. Pour the '-ream Into
the loth and lay It over one of your
dairy pans tor an hour to drain. Then
take a prefect I y -de m knife and scrape
off any cream that may have stuck to the
cloth and lay It on tho top and sides of
the uuiss. Tie it up somewhat loosely
and hang it up to drip; opon 11 from
time to Dime and remove any 'Team that
has stuck to the doth, placing It as he-
lore When it stops dripping ■ he cheeee
Is ready and will turn out easily. The
cheese should always he used the same
day as It Is made, in summer a few
hours will suffice, If you tel! your dairy-
woman the day before she will have a
thicker cream far tho cheese by keeping
some of the milk that is used for croam
twelve hours or moro bey end the usual
time for ordinary purposes before sklm-
mIng it. The iuautity >f orenm depends, Of courso, upon tho number of your
party; half a pint [s enough for six to
eight people. If thooreatnbe rich and
tho cheese wall made, it. v-ili be soft, but
without losing Its round shape in the
least. Though tied up loosely ut first It
should be gradually tightened, after being
opened from time to time as directed
above "
Milk Studlen,
In an  Investigation antl report  on tho
milk ef sixteen   Dutch  iows,  during an
entire  season, by Professor W,    Klel*oh
matin, many interesting facts are brought
First, n i onfl ms wh it h is beon cl dm
ed, that milking three tl hs a day usual
ly gives an increase of both milk and
fat. tn the case o( this tuird :'i■- In t o- •
o; fat was ; '>.'•• i per cen , »ve th u -■ en
Wh 'II milked twice a day,     In an Dial
test, there:'.ire, milking three times a day
should not be allowed unless all tbe cows
are milked so,
Second, In the observation if this herd,
the individual character I stlce of c »ws, s.
to flow of milk and quality, were t uui
to be largely transmitted to their offspring,
During 1> 15, 00,0 ■; cattle, Sli, 'i0S
si: wp and 1 J, |Si- horses were shipped
from Montreal to British ports, s-aya the
Montreal Gazette, This is an increase
over I(J94 of 8,900 :itr.,\ 75,745sheen und
il,845 horses. The average price paid* to
farmers for cattle shipped was ?)>•.), whore-
as In 1804 It was $56, The farmers have
therefore received $5,793,^40 Cor cattle
Shipped during 1895, compared with
♦4, S13,920 in 1804. It la stated that the
qucntl.ty of hay shipped to food the cattle
was 10,000 tons, nt nu average price of.
110,50 per ton, or 1108,1)00 for the season.
The insurance on the cattle amounted to
$'.Ml,fil\*! aud the sum paid out for freight
was $008,040, It Is Iwlloved that the
farmers received |l,O7?,O40 for sheep
sold, while tho insurance was 964,000,ftud
the freight. -f'J.y.MjO,
In Nero's time there was a fashion prevalent of wearing large rings, the setting
of which was curved with the bust of the
special dlviuity who was the wearer's
Paradise rings were greatly worn tu
Italy three centuries ago. They were very
wide and bore on tho circumference representations of Adam uud Eve in the Garden of Kdeu.
When the tomb of the great Emperor
Frederick, who died in 1250, was opened in
1730, bis coronation ring, set with a beautiful emerald, was still found upon bis
The ring of Edward the Confessor is
preserved among the royal regalia of
Great Britain. For several centuries it
was used in the coronation ceremonies of
the English Kings,
Iu the Etruscan tombs o: Northern
ftaly gold rings have been found made in
the shape of a cord, a large knot o[ intricate pattern forming the principal part of
tiie ornament.
Mournltig rings were greatly \ir-M in
Europe during the -seventeenth century.
After t\\a execution of Charles 1. his sym
pathi/.ers in Enghiud wore mourning
rings in token of their grief.
The scarnbaeus, or snored beetle of the
Egyptians,.wns a favorite subject for n
setting tu the early Egyptian rings. I:
was carved lu stone, the work often being
exquisitely done.
Iu India at the time of the British occupation foliated rings were fashionable*
They were so largo thai vvhen worn on
the second finger they covered almost all
the outer portion ot the band.
Anchor, or Christ, rings were frequently used among the early Christians
Many specimens have been found in the
catacombs, hearing upon the settings the
representation of an anchor and the t Ireek
^\ nib il for the n imo of I hrlst,
hi :he sixteenth century diamond rings
were nr 'tu ly  In fashi n,  not  a i much on
of I heir ul rlnstc  beaut)   as from
, he f'.' that tl ■■ tit irp diamond was em-
veil fur wi   lug on glass,
\. ub  \'-   ring   h us   preserved   In   the
T *•<> .;•   ' i. imlon    It Is -.'t wh b ii peculiar
■e me,  I ■  ti i tu '■ of which  is unknown,
bu   ivhich rtMfl h ill-veil by bis enemies I i
■  -  ••- m i.   :tl pro perl I  i
■,1:....::.: m laid down certain rub', for
tlr«   '■■      Ing   of    r logs,     lie    protested
igainst the use of too  many, and said It
was not In g tod l uste to wear rings below
the middle joint of the linger.
In both ancleui and mediaeval tine's
I vitiation rings were common. The sot-
t ug, generally ol onyx, was carved with
symbolic IIgtiros, in which were supposed
reside the mvsterlous potency of the
jew I.
Hebrew marriage rings were formerly
very elaborate, bearing upou tbe back a
representation ol i coffor or casket, which
tometimes contained slips of paper on
which prayers or charms were written.
It was charged against Demosthenes by
his enemies that ho was too fond of rings
aud jowelory, and that wflen he made a
speech he gesticulated more to show his
rings iii.ta tb enforce his remarks.
During the fourteenth century, in France
and Spain, gitls of valuable rings to
statues of the saints and Virgin Maty
wore very common. One statue lo Barcelona Is sauj to have WOru rings valued at
An inexpensive and convenient house
for seventy-five fowls Is shown In tho accompanying  illustration   (Fig,    lj.     A
liner pain Is given in Fig. 2, shewing the
Inside arrangement, from whirl; it, will
bo seen that tho outside door opens into a
hallway  that coiuuiuunlcates   with    all
four of tin: pens-, but takes floor space
from only two uf them.    Ko one who has
experienced the convenience and the
oloanllness of having a hallway in the
poultry quarters will ever build a hotiso
without one, as <,'M-y much of the work of
(•■(ting for the fowl* can he done in the
hall, without entering (in* pens, The
size of this bouse allows about ten square
foot to enoh fowl, which experience has
shown is little enough If the best results
are aimed at. unless  th" dlmate Is suoh
thnt the poultry san run mt of doors
nearly the whole year round In this
case a hundred,or even more, could well
be accommodated. Let tho side with
windows front toward the southeast, and
have, if desired, a small window in each
end, to catch the early morning sun, and
the late afternoon sun of winter.—Am.
A  Convenient  Kgg  Box.
Where one markets his oggs to private
customers or at the .stores oven, the egg
box shown herewith will be found vory
serviceable. It is a box about half tha
length of a 30-dozon egg carrier, with a
handle and fitted drawers, each drawer
being lined with pasteboard egg  lilloni.
A drawer of nig* ran thus be taken
from the box and carried into ihe customer's house, the box itself being left
in the wagon. The bottom of each
drawer may well be covered wltlf coarse
bran, and the pasteboard fitters placed
on these, thus providing a soft resting
place for oaoh egg.
Live-Stock Notes.
Keep   boys   out of the sheep yard until
they will feed the sheep and make them
The friends of bees assort that bee-keeping Is on the decline in New Kngland,and
ascribe it in part to Insecticides and to
poultry. '  i
Some persons think snow Is food and
drink to a sheep. It is cold comfort, as
food, and as a drink is n failure. It increases thirst Instead ot quenching it,
and the flack should not bo condemned to
such punishment. Fresh well water is
the very best drluk in the'wlnter as well
as in the summer, ami should bo provided liberally, tt Is ft good plan to have
the drinking troughs hung at each end
on pivots, so that at ni^ht rney may bo
inverted and so emptied that ice will not
collect In them, in the morning the
troughs are turned up and held in place
by a stent peg.
Fully su percent, of most roots Is wator,
end when fed cold in freezing weather
they reduce the temperature of tho
Btomach rapidly and impair digestion.
In England ll ist.be practice ot farmers
to let shesp eat down the turnip patch In
fall and winter. l-Jut the English climate is very different from ours, These
sheep thnt slowly gnaw out the heart of a
turnip havo good rations of grain or oil
cake, and they probably only get enough
of the turnip, with the exercise and fresh
air which they have to take with it, to
make 1c digest well. It tSQS an appetizer
that roots in winter are most valuable.
Their nutritive value is very low i:i comparison with their bulk or rest, and It
does not pay to till the stomachs of animals with them, especially In very cold
weather. A *ow every day with other food
makes a better ration than will a diot
mainly composed nf thom
Dorset Iambs come any time desired.
The ewes are typical milk animals and
will put the lamb into market in less
day-und in better shape than any other
breed As thoroughbreds arc high priced,
•■.a* common Michigan Merino, tram
three to five years Old, crossed by a Dorset
homed lamb is next best. Tne oross broil
Dorset Merino lamb has moro vitality,
can endure more hardships will • get up
and get there" to business after being
dropped, will grow faster, go to market
younger, weigh more, be more plump
aud In every way better and sell for mora
money than any other cross, Too claim
of dark-faced breeders that Dorsots do
not make is Rood mutton as tho Downs
and that horns are an objection is un
founded, it is the food, not the breed
thai gives quality to the lamb, The
horns a! my Dorset iambs have become n
trade murk and customers look for thom
as an evld n se o sttpei lor quality of i ar
miss. Out o( -i given numboi ol oom
mon owes, a Dorset ram will secure 10
times as many before February first, as
will any other breed. After tho Dorset 1
would use the following' Hampshire,
Shropshire, aud Southdown In the order
Kerosene in llutter-Makliig,
A few months ago it wns reported that
capitalists in Chicago had securi l a pal •
ont on a process lor combining mineral
ind vegetable oils for tho purpose of
cheapening the production of butterlne,
tilled cheese, oleomargrtno, nod all these
deceptions. Out of these conglomerate
materials it is nSBertod that a product of
sweet smelling savor results.
If the claim of tho owners of the patent-
is to be rolled upon there Is to bo as much
money In it as Pn Col. Seller's great
schemes. The cow of old utility Is to
shelved If from nature there can be called
up at tho book of scienoe a thing as pleasing to the palate and tho olfnotory nerve
as her complex organism has heretofore
oeeu producing, Wo have no faith In
their claim and no fears of their competition if conducted ou an honorable basis. diwjiv* **w MM 1MB **mr.. .*Tfww«i ir-s I
Increased  Shipments for
Month of February.
Business Pull in San Francisco, Although Prices Reman Unchanged.
Domestic Demand Diminished,
Coal Exports for the Ifoi
Following is the ii-: ,,i foreign c, ;,;
Bhiptnenta lor the  month  eudii     b'el
28, 1890:
BY Till: S'KW V ''.,,,, ' ' i; ,',.m,", m .
tk.        Name and Dei nn., ion,        l'o ■■
Ship Elwell, San I'temtiseo        -'.'.""
Sti   ;.., Lio i, Poi l Tow nssnd
" T„■•,,.,..,, Porl Tom ns, inl
■'  VVillapa, l'"i'i Ton n
"  peter lebsen   i   n I liego       1,1   I
"  Willapa, J me  \ i iskti
"  Seu Lion, Porl Co« iisenit.
"  Wander, r. Port Tow iiseml
" T,,,'..in,,, Port T, ■■' nsemt
Bark VVilna, San Franclsoo .     2,8: I
•■    i., n. Faiivhild, S ui I 'ran   '
Sii Wander, ,, Porl T m isi ad        kl
"   Magi . Porl Tom ii ■ i       .       16
"  Pioneer, Port Tom hi end 13
" PetorJehsen, San f raneisoo I,(i78
'•  Tyee, Porl L'ovrnseud "';l
"   Bark Rufus E. Wood, S, I-. 2,162
H, W. Buckling, well known here,
■ ied :it the hospital1 at Vancouver on
Ton acres of Stanley Park at Vancouver will bo converted int,> a rac irso
and pleasure ground.
The Vancouver School Trustees havo]
decide I uot to reduce tho salaries of
teachers in that city.
Onlj $2000 wae bid for Jordan's coal
mine at the auction sale l.r1 I at Vii toriay
bul the Bale was withdrawn,
Angus  McDonald, ;; Vancouver < -
actor, is badly want, i , j his workmen',
ha\ ing I •••!. m ssing since he dri i ' I iO
to pay their «
The Nanaimo Athletic Club sc  i I
brilliant sue, ess al Wi llington lasl  3al
ui la*   nighl.   and   were  greeted  by a
, rowded hou   .
The miners have In   u woi I Inc i i
Concerning the Provincial Government.
The British  Paciflc Railvjay Propc
sals Assigned as the Cause,
Forecast of Chang
Victoria, B.C. Feb. 28
all kinds ol ruiiors afloal
"   . ■ ml the Turner i
breaking up.  The imniei
assigned is the British Pa ific Ball-
way proposals, Theprobable course
si, ms to be, not a dii lution, but u
co ilitii n government, wil ■ I ton  I'.
\V, Higgins  as   Premier,  A.   \\ il
Mams   a     Attorney-General,   and
-   ri ;ularly during the present month, ami   j;
h, ..- '., i'.,.> roll of th   \'. V. ('. i'., will;
with them n social, d Mess
Semlin and Dr. \\ alkem
Total.,  18,750
Fia.M h'ki.um; rus.
Str Discovery, Porl T ,w ns, nd
Ship Two Brothers; Sun Fran. 3,000
Str City of Topeka, Alaska IB0
" Costa Rieaf San Francisco.. 2,520
"  Wellington, San Francisco, 2,6 ■"
Ship 1-,'vi W. Buiyi is, San Fran 2,300
Str City of Everel t, San i-Van 3,925
" Angeles, Tacoroa
" Costa l!i,"i. San Fran, la o 2,52 i
"  America. -:',,, Francisco 3,1 (30
" City of Topi ka, Sil ka 360
"  Wellington, San Francisco
Bark Kate Davenport .' lonolulu I,"(to
Str Tacoma, Port Cow nsi nd W
'•  Mexico, Mary Island    .  . 1125
"  Yoseinite, San Francii co l,7l
"  Leon  300
" City oi Everett	
1'11,'M  ONION,
14 Str Progressist, San Francisco
"  Mineola. 1. is iugi   " 3,100
21   " San Mateo, I. - ingi les       i. ,50
Jan, I "I'
Nanaimo 14,2:.'2 18,750
Wellington         23,042 » . I .:
Union            18,01)11 11   150
be considerably augmented,
li. ,1. :-. Roj-al Aril, ii  -""I  PI ,■ san
led    . ■   I   esday evci ■■■■: anil -"<'• il
pxl day.  War liijis are I dug
regular risitors in ■ ur I arbor,
, (wen Bradshaw  ae, Mentally set  fire
, a fe, iler of gas in the roof of his Bt, il
ii. Protection mini nn L'hursday and was
badly burned about the fac,  and an .-.
R, Swans, n has tajc, n passage on the
I;,,!,: E, ,'. " id fi ; *,' I ranci ico. Robert will bo :.,. al ly miss, il among the
athletes of this city, as ho was an all-
round good man',
ii will be midsummer hi foro the new
,: ivei nuionl  building nil! he ri idy foi
., paiiey,    Me iiitin .   ,. ithing   :an be
di finitely detei ■■ ; il «' h r -.. irrl to the
Ulileti, ■ Inl oieap; i lie o), coni'l
h, use,
ill   P tei Wi igl,   has di elded  nol to
taki an apji i     '-i,' ll    recent d    Ision
of  Polio,     .:':■"■   iinpaon n   •■ 11 " .
li [uor without a lieens ■       lhe Inl
tional  hi tel  bar, and id t,   ll
p lie, c, u 'I cle ■. the ai nt of lh< fine
and coBts.
Suj ■ n utei dent Hits ret rued yes-
terday from Co ox and l Is a , iff, n nt
story .'"■'      in. (Jnnatal     llu   hii ion
1!.. n   :.: I   ill   tl ului
contemporary on '1 n ■ la it, The
i Imrge ij-iiinsl tin   c, I as  '.„,'i
■ran DTD I'l'.i: ii.
ite cause
"An (lid Resident" Asks a
nenl Qu 'Stii n-..
Editoh Mail :   li is  now
since the unfortunate lire oi
clal streol in which the old ii
t tidily destroyed.   N,, attemj
made to replace the building I
burned  down,   although it
known fact that il. was insure
thing like $500.    li would be
interesting to the business nn
what   lias  become  of   this
whether il is lhe intention to
nol on this property, as it li
understood  the late  (ohn 11
the donation of this pari uul
lair, for a lire stuti u . and tu
no ■ tin r pui pos, .   Unless tl
this j ifl i   pushi •,. it will rovi
the  Hirst  estate, and ih,,s
pi, :, ol • rtj. ..aa:,;, .1 in
p, i ■ ion of the city, will be
lost, and It will be a difficult
cure a site for a mueh-neede
of this  kind  thai   dit to
i;, reahouts, 1 hope that our i
will make stringent inquiries
this matter and not dwindle
tho old mossback systi n .
pul.lie Bee thai they are ali.
rtut; ind provi prot, rtors of l
property of the city.   I was V
ew 1','i'ii-
W hen recently asked the value of
his London real estate, the Duke of;
(.Westminster replied that lie could
nut form an estimate of its "value,
but that he would  not take £12,-1
000,000 for his holdings in the me-;
Acting Chief of Poll, e Ho la of
Seattle, has ordered suppression of
ppker, black-jack and crap games
m Baloons of the Sound i \v, nd is
taking Steps to procure the enforcement of this weeping order. \ 'hat
are ordinarily termed "banking
•.tames" have long been under the
ban in the Sound city.
Dr. Jamieson and fourteen of hi>
fell ".' i : oni rs have been arraigned in London on a charge of "War-
igainst a friendly state " rhe
case has been adjourned for two
weeks, in the meantime tjie pi ison-
, : - have la (ii admii ted to bail in
$2000 each. Great exciloroent prevails in London over ibo ease.
h is repoi ted th it 1 ion. Mr. Lau
i irand total
7 50
7 50
15 0i
13 00
8 ",,
San Francisco Coal Market,
Prices of coal are quoted ;,, San D ,i,ie
Cisco as ful lows:
Xew H elllllgton
Coos Bay ......
Scotch .  .
Cumberland, in bulk $18.50; ■•.,. I.
Pennsylvania \nthraciti   Egg
Welsh Anthracite Egg
Rock  Springs, Cfl itle  (rate  and
Pleasant \ alley...
Han ison's, ir mlar says: " Duri
week there have been (I     irrival i from
the coast collieries with   12,040 tons;
nothing f.". in   any  Fon ;,,,   , trt.   The
light arrivals  have   n  I   . ". •• ed quota
tions, which remain un, hanged,    i
ness generally In  this  ,;."■ :    'ery dull,
and jobbei I an i retail, rs an  coin] ni i-
ing of lacl ol orders,   Sin e tin weathei
moderati d the deman I for housi
lias diminlsl ' I, an I will   ■ main   light
until rain -, ts in again,   Tb mi ol
foreign coal to an ive here In the n, > I 30
days does nol exei e t 20, I,:| ,- ns; hence
prices foreteusu [rades should be strongly
maintained.   The atock on h nd Ie hoi
large, and u I  more tin u    '..l; ' ni  to
meet uurrenl   requirements, excepting
Swansea antl racite, oi  whi ih u II
supply is I,ere in yard ; l„n iu  I ie ' ital
quantity d'liieh ,■:,,• poi Bibli   irrive I
In the no*:l live months lo, i nol ex ■. .-'I
:ii>,<";1' tons, the  Indie ,' ions  pdlnl t,, a
itossihlesbi ".',.*,■ of IVelsh antlin fit. In
"May ,,r June m si.    E r ights on
future loadiu j are quoted   al   i :    ■■■>
from Swansea and Us. lid.   om Sewcas-
tle, N. **. \y.. »itli Ineraased rati - of insurance on all grades, as coal carg
1395 prov, 'I very   i!; :asti  ui   ,':-
thot,e who covered thom."
■  ;.     he reports in the Mail
fames l      k, for •    resident, of are gi ttiug on  first class, an,
Coinox, was hi n ; »      ■" the  i    .  . ,;i improv, n ■ il    thi i hai
en iMiiti ' . the lun itie asylum al   lev   will b      nti    A s • ii d R
V   Btmii    er.    He has been  Ih big "***7~
those year  in u ■■ -■ . In II n, lj   ,     I SUNDAY   8]   . ll ■
I i in, : nd 11 i- :,  wondi r li i  re i    lid ,
a.a give ■■'      ... Rev. Mr. Glover,, (Toronto,
A atone from acatapu      i  tl i ho ids   l i •■   Ik    | :'-
"i :,n :,-•--■ i- mul truck Mi.
Duke Uoss at Vi   oi ia, ratting
e; ; i. it   il    i u        "      ■  ■
l':. Helmcken !, ipes ui - ■■•  he . i tle-
n ,.,i'-    .   t,l      :"' will he n, iniaii iiill;       ' ■' naimo S| Irituuli     '.■   ■
ilsiigu e, .   : .:   -hould hea-warniugl    ;''  .'.:'  "  :' ''■"::      ' :l!i* ;,'!
  bull line:,     unlay ail inn ,
the boys in this city. ;;,,-,.,   ■. , : ,,  ■ ud . ,„ ..   „
\ , orresjion lent of th, Circ.l,        incnibei*s oul
■. i, ■ ha    ■    i teli      ven In
grains there fion    I of Tradeof -
'.'i itorla, x .Vancouver and ', esl   [
,.     r d,   lining  to seud di legale   to
■ "■"   ,. ars
hall w
•  I :     ; ■ ' i,
inci ii wus
is a   well- I
I for some-
■ ■., re   i ly
to know
sum,   and
rebuild or
'.".-, erally
list made
in  ; lece '.i
ii used for
claim :..
it back ;,,
;  valuable
he central
voci I
a;,,; 1,, pro-
I building
be erected
ily fathers
back into.
ii   let il,"
to their
Iii, and
-glad to
thai they
hope the
ad | , ■
i-iiil NT.
rior has offered II ,n. Mr. Foster tol  9    9
Over 250 pairs of Men's Pants ranging from
$1.50 to $4.50 per pair. Our $-i.5i.) lino is
is a very special one and selling quickly.
See them.
3*50 Hoys' and Youths' Tweed.and Serge
Suits- from $1.50, $1.75, $'.?.'.2,::i. $2.50 and
Boys' Blous Suits, $i.25„$1.50, $1.75, etc.
*/» 'A v%% % *vw%^
Cash    t
'•* ' '    9 $ t 'V - -> A' it'-* c*r -,"■ G ».' *      !■***/*
*     i       VV KiNlhH.ERS, !:,ii(„,
seems unlikely thai  the govern-    Q    L.^,».*.«»^   I
•ii  can ge  the estimates through    G "
■ .'l   •   o'  ll
ill     . '.!   '       ,.      ■.' ..    Suliji
nun]    th,    '    i r."    Ill   v
.'.•■'.'   C.'J    .'      Ill hn
.a tho ineel ing     '■    .'•■ li
allow tin',, montl ■' i stimal i I i
pass without opposition, thi new
parliament to pai s the remainder,
men. ...
thi   essmn.   it is even doubtful   |   41 and 43 Commercial St.,      Nanaimo, B.C.   BM
about the i  medial bill, the oppoei-    \3 '        U "
tion being ii,',;i:e,I v.i,11 ihe i,.;.*i,- ■ ^^siffi^ffiSK-aiJaE^'ara^^
tion to talk until April 25.
A dispatch from ; lavana report 3
15.000 Spanish soldiers missing in   JS5,
1 li i'.,    i In fact has been communi-,
uated  to  the   Ma Irid   goVej'tn ion!
at -;  he learch for their win renbouts
is going on day and night.   (Ifficial
cir, les are in a   iti te of alarm, for
15.1 ■' ■ ■ ti, with (5,000 rifles and
500,000 i 'tridges, is an euormous
iti m to the :-., tni li ai my. The lis-
appearance of lhe men will tilti-
inutelj be tra      I   i ithei di - bsin
battle, the number of which has shf;'iH;'collars ami Cuds a Specialty.
been c ie lied to hide Spanish WilltE LABOH OX I A' umployed.
losses, di',',''- to positions in vur-
ii ii, parts of thi island, of which    i!it\ 95. D. M. STEWART, Proprietor
no record hi    been kept, or de'ser*  ~,„ . , . . „.- —. „ «.,_..  '        „.„ m
tions to join    he insurgents.   Tbe _
Tim Scotch Bnlc^rv j
Fioneer Steam Laundry
and 11. C. Toilel Supply
have ope,ie,I a Bran, :, I Iffice in the
RlcAdie Block, Victoria Crescent.
'.'■■ imin Seatly done.
Parcels delivered  in the city frei
Terms Btrlctlj cai h,l , O. !'.
garrisons   tun e   joined  the  n ■■< I.■
with their arms in every province .„.,     .,,     . .., ,   .    ,.,     ,
,,,, Lhe  :.,,.,i. i Ihe Most Complete Stock
.Vi ii' ADVERTIS1 1/ '  ,:■'
Ont., will
li   ITOM
'    '...:■
vi.la.     At
..   char o
VICTOR! v Ci'l-'.-CCVT       -y
I     i
llii- nol I :': ". ■  !    IftlldS     mly -.;,■      i   Ll
:   .     !>..:::■ r  ...>■ n tiredj but
(tur Celebrated Bread
mnili  by i',r ,„. '.■ tin i ,-. iei.1 ou
■   :.',.'ii.: .1,11111 .■,■[,,,. il., nan
,' lotiBei       evory Tl
:,'I0 p. a.   .'ill an welcome,
ii ii.,,'.     -.,,■.
I    .        viu,        : I ■ 11
"    ■      in      ]-   ( on      ti u    ;,..    i   w.  ;i v, . ol foi
the 1 'h   the   evi	
He   ppearasurp ise, |   rearenot,
lapn, V hi il  ;- expeel
, I h, re on Mondav,     . Lake ■
':'      ""          ' '' 	
ti u me and cabin, litis en so        I In :  _ ., ,.,,,.,. :ll ;.   xiie j
steamer \i i:l ah ,        ■ g I - .■   am mil ■ ■ ■ .. al bol hi   , nie,  . All .v.
o  freight, in, luding      i nan Use foi the C. Stewart, ,     in      . tern,
North and ! upplies . ud outtitt b   '
to mine - en i mti egold   i        ol *'i(;es a
Ih,  Vul ....
iitlon «i!l
.;..r. I, a
' ' . >
Sund  ■
■ ■.,'. al
All \\. I,   ui,
I'RKBUV I'l Rl ','.   CHI
pclu i     or'a   iliblu el
,.   .    Midwe, k  nu utinir,  \l
A wres    ,.. ■■ atel , tal      lace all;  ,:■  ■■. M. All seal ifree;
rjlHR     P,0 ' "l>     OF    I UBLIC
8   iool'l .-...■ ee  inviti   ap[iliealions
up to
Sufiuday Evening, torch 7,   l!H)i .
for the poi ition of Janitor and nt end-
on,*o '■'■•■ i ol the N'ew Contnil -' hool
Buildinj;.   ?alai y -"i'1 pi i u   n
, i - pinohniOT :'""' "c^ ''•'■:;'•■ '"|'1
U ' lIlblllilHSl   ;■•-■.;■; Cak^s _„.,,
I riua thu ;■■".■    11'ro, rlel  :.
\\   niE Oil , . AT JEROME WILSON.
> i. i .' .. i i.. . i i a i        .    i  ■   ; ■-   i    I i,i ii ; ■ .. .
Applications to he sent to 'I,,'  Secre- y T1 ft     /^l            .         s         ''i   -,j3 i o / i •'- ■ • »-, ..'   '.,,•'   »1
irv.   The Trustees reserve th,   riyht lo f f\ rt M fiP^i\di\WC\ APlIDSCOl) fA OtCJ
•el'nse any or all amplications, •:,.■"■• is.: ' . \'i* '('■"*.'!''U .■    S '                   •" v M
id . ,.   ii.
Int., will
• mil
Victoria Crescent.
10 p. in.:
Btor «ill
come, S,
. Sua.lav
> ,,i '.'::;:'
llli -.1 ,y,
In viu il,
l:,'V. \V. .\. Gunton, pistor, Iflfl
BI "I' ESS  Nd'i'l.s
Dr McKi ohnli has pi     tit, ■' a Imi-ge
mid lianilsou, ■ silver cup to , ie I   I
Rugby Union t , lie compel d for as »
■ lampionship trophy.   'I he , up was i -
eeived too late toroomj ctlti m   his year.
At i! leetlng ol the     ecu i     o( the
anion al Vai ver ,.n Man I, 7 the cup
will !>o handed ,,\, r i.,i k, epii ' t, , the
present  to  the  Van, uu t-er , luh, they
being chain]; tne  f, r this seas     I lie
exr, utlve will draw up ruli - for il," competition in the chatnplonshli srii i next
The Junior Wauderora of Victoria will
play th, • ■ ■ '■'., Id Vloli ts "i Viet, ria
on Mar -h 14, The Nam Imo Swifts will
have the bye and will he in the final for
t',e cup. Tl,< Nanaimo Athletics will
play the Victoria Senior Wanderers at
Victoria on March 28,
The schedule of games drawn up by
the B, C. Football Aasoclatioi is as follows, the first name mentioned indicating the place of contest:
March   7  Nana! mo v. Wellington
Mareh 14 Wellington v. Victoria
March 21   Nanaimo v, Victoria
March 28 Victoria v. Nanaimo
April t Wellington v, Nanaimo
Tiie old country plai „f playing for
points is being followed—2 being allowed
for il v, in ami I for a ilra'.v ; the team
having the highest number of points al
the end of the hciik,,ii winning the championship cup and gold medals. 'Die
presend standing is if for the Victoria
Wanderers against nothing lor Nanaimo
,',,n,l Wellington,
,tel   Korthli 'Id, on    :.,,, I. 18,  '
',,', .,. Paul  - • md John Gerba,   : ttl luarstreet.
:  r  :'■ ,    :''. . in I nnil    land jlyl , th,
money being In  the I     Is ol  Michael.
Bpizal  ie   •■:.. ill >l,l, . : eiihei parti fall.    , "'.l  l,V'!''v> lV* ' '"•■ ';a'
,-        I analu.o ih at llarket.
In ;ton  u, ■,'   al tin   .   ■ tint, ,i nine I,,
,   ,   ,   .' . •!■  i,-. Dadev  ,v  Clrahai
": ''  "  Ll"       ■"       '■    '"'  solved, the former com    in
■! ni 98 or a, eld,    : the match to aion,
    18 p. m. on the above data j T. L. Davles, formerly in  business
lie best three out ol live falls, to win.       this city, will shortl* lo	
h< returns of th       all  del. ml ''"'''' :'                : "'~
'    Dr. Walk,     '.ii.  bi   found
uceded to
i,,;\.    dis-
i posses-
'.'. i on in
i   theii   .    il      : I         ion    ■ • igi
 .:     retui       ah n*   only th
number ,ii plaints oml the amounts sue.I
i, ,   ,\ Ithoul the fi >.- i iken bl
rates, \: I lllooel , . Phalr ti led
threi Biilti. invol '■■ I!II| .,t Nelson,
N. I'i, '-i,;ii,-, four, i ', ',::,i: and „,
R, aland, N. l'n, itul -. live for f 188.
Hie - iii- ettli bi: ■■ In ni,,,: iiniii-
''.',1 d 88 in Vi, i 18 In Union, 88 In
Vancouve , and .' In Nanulmo, Thi
total amount iu *i for was (10,081 In
' I, toria, |8,2 H) In S malmo, * 1,002 in
\ ancouvi i.   5,0 li In Union, and 11,213
in [Casio,
hnslnei - of >l e. M   i.  <   u itei
lake possession ,,,, Monday,
ii,    . .For,  lei .'  [Illditch hnvi
:.    eontracl for the nei  hotel to
be un ■ ",■ : on the Hb testate, in,I have
comnu need operati, i
'".' '.'.  I'll!'.
Jvunaimo, B. C. Feb. ::,, I8!)0.
Millstream Bridge.
ons foi ,n" . oni tructlon ol an li >n
ui Wooden Ilridtre ti ross I he '•' itlsl,   a.
River will I" receive i from residi ,. - ol
Nanaimo only, up In
Monday, l!a:',;!i 9, 111116, al   7 p, in
The    Wiinicipnl Council  rest), •■',■ ihe ■
right to ,'. i",-i all ,a any pi mi Biihn i led,
Parlieulara un a| pllcalion to
City CI .'..
Nanaimo, B. c. Feb. 20, 1800. M lals, 26c. arid upwai Is,
i rood Beds, ".:.",.. nud upwards
n . l   it   i   on
Rcsiaiiraiit and Chop House i
MB. .;. \. ■•" 'U'-',\
Ha, Inn .- I <■:■'. the    ^ ;tl ■■■ ol 11 ■■ Arlingu-i
Unit ' nl   > l.N'OOhE HAT, Ihl a- ui u i   ,
me '.,..  i  in huh i re   iruil to ren    ■
,' .: corof, it,,:.:; ■ ',; trt, li :,*" i»icrfl tuid rttliei -
:•:•' <vi-: ,k
I,   i i mlrtort ,■'■,   :..,   v,\.  rhoi i|  •■,,. mid ll ,     '"•'
'i ubli d'llo'e >'..'*:.', ■   ly pro, - .   ,  .-..,. ,, i   tin
.l.-lM .li'i,'.  .., , t,    ...   . ti,    ■ '       " . s   ,.   . ,  ,;,.
•■I. turn site I ti| in . .■,-:•• ■ ' ■    ■-■-.■  limit     '■
th, rounding., uf tin  m,  I : I, hi toil li ,crlp
: loMMIHI : LI,  S : MEET.
Citv Market
miy Wonienai!
Spring (Ihicken nlwaj ■■■ on band.
over  the
an,I will
Try PliilpotCs Tomato Catsuj)
^ClENTIHTS say   the   Cornel ac, and 50c. per Dottle.
,,. j   «ill i.'iss the earth.   It is I
equally true how Mel,,", l can  lit
yon so wonderfully with a soil ot   \y, Never Sleep. Open Day and Night.
clothes iu  the very  latesl  style.
See our stock of Spring and Sum-   .       . ,                , ■
Private Boarding
Local Retail Marhei
i ' .a i.   ,, .ii. i ■ ■ , lunii
Green Crowi
ilereub -    ....
-. .. ,,.    !., ■! granulate 1      |5,
Bright .'.'■ Hum :.
II , kb From 16,   ; •
Bi . >i i > n i: ,i" ■.     .  I:: . to
I *iBn    Besl   	
Hi ii. i:   ii. ry	
Dairy .       	
'  ". ll INK
I   UI1S 	
Victoria ,,n  Chickens	
Mr. T. Kltchln left f
Thursday to put through an Important — ^»^
mlnlngdeal. Lord Dunraven
,,   ,, „..,       „ ,,      , ,,   ., resignation  us a
Mr. C. Wl son, Q. C, am   Mr. Camp- xi   V    i  v    i,
bell o  Vancouver were In   iiceitv dur-, ,
i , ' tnerel
lug lhe week on legal business.
Meut.-Governor Dewdney arrived by
the ttoyal Arthur on Tuesday, and remained over night in the city, leaving
on Wednesday for Victoria,
has sen
Clllb,   ttl
0(1 '
It.,1,1   "
. 10   "
16 ,   Bill li
.'t    "
7c. plb.
.„•      "
a-    •■
."„'     "
lie     "
or dozen
, per boa
per ,a,'l.
fill cents
in bis
of   the
icb was
■\Mr\m), The Tailor
28 Victoria (Ire ici tit.
A i  nu:
I Wholesale and Retail Butchers^
I'. O. Box 227 Telephone 7-8
Asl« for -:-    (Champaqnim ,1.1.1:
liaAvrniifA't! /,;'M ■"■Al' v   *f
till \\ H  HI t   O   ( 8AH8AI-AHH.LA'       (
\I„,,,,,'..,-nin'riii'T'',,,|.v,'„,,,,' Drlnkn.B) rups.&a
,,. Hvi lv 1 (red a. nil i'..ft' ol i Ity nnil , Irlully,
g.£r- :', tlflnl  ttteulton until lo -..ii.,a .I,',1.-
1'oleplioue ;M. P. <'. H"x 79,   S vsiiMo.
C. C. McKKNZIli,
; morel
V. M. C. A. Entertainment.
Saturday, Fob. '."■>   Storeoptlcon En-
acuounta  due tho  Enlnt
—   —   _ -_-- .__ — 7
I'iiAMvLYN HOUSE Land Agent and Conveyancer, *
■ .1 lai i   i \ i,i. in'-i ii,i lioota to near,
■. In i ume i" N.num.i.• i * Iriij iilm .i pnlr:
■■nl lutve mi'' pftli ni Ltiloli and ono piitrof Mini,
II i can find Whitfield'*, ' i«yi Brian O'Lynn,
I I.    Iliml     ;     I  ■' ■'        llll  ::'".>:.    I'l'     I  tal 11   POUtl  •
• ,v ■ hr    ■'! lie ii [hi one I've mt ) a\ fniiiul out.
,   Kflin \\ hllnoln   I'll hnj onlj ri'oin him,
For he rt'.i- tliochoapuHt," sayi Brian O'Lynn,
Wallace Street,
iirnivui'x nn: METHODIST CHURCH
lio (topped „ little ivost "I >!". n Btroeti
ie. -in'. '\ 'hit :.i.i   -,.     Hiiro 't\vnn a trout: . (1. D,       ,
Hooiionod I I Ooowo al ivtlhln ii..   .,,,,   /   ,<)•.! 1'   MfiiTTfWV
„ rvo found It nt lum," Bays Brian O'Lynn. I    (llldlt   I   IgClJ    LClUlUlV,
We (lutu'od lilm our calf booln, kid and cowhide,         ——
,,f John
Hilberl Diusl be paid on or bufore the
i.'tih ol January,   1800,  to  vi. ry Jane
I tertalnment, song, scene anrj story of I Hilbert, Bastion Street.   All intstaml
the South,  before and altiee the  war,   [ng  ..„.,.,;,,,,,,  alter that  date will  be
'.;.,■ ili-.i, i mul  ii/!,!  ol  il"   slave with   p|Roed In the hands of a fiolli  tir,  with
i-i'i 'late and atlrritur fflelo les,   Mr.  fnn instmetlons to'press for seme,   In
,,. A, Ball, enterfelner, Mr. O. P. Ball, future the businees will beeondauled by
aeeonipanlst,   Admission-10,ueiits. ^j  j   hilbtcrt t CO
ll payfl to lead our adteitisei'iiilitf,      | Niiimiiiiii, Jan. tlrd. L80f).
'i tu' I,,!'- ■'." prntse i ,   no -.-,'.- ».i tliu .■,.:,■.
Wo'vo boots tit all kludu from ouoliL't. and llorlln,
" sue-,..,,;',,' boots for tlio mUllou," Hfty, I', Ian
O'Lynn. [notraHhi
lk> l,ii:i;llll lltm his In ii .In, wlill'll of colli ,-
II,. ,,:iiil iIiimii his monoy, for ,\„ soil only for
!,. the ;.ni.iii- liosnys: "Ho n,,l taken in, I, ash.
liny only from Whitfield," Bays Hi-inn n'l.y,,,,
"If there's a loak in the toeorstdeof youi slioe
J,ml tnkottto Wliitllclil, that's nil you nci'il do;
ll,. „,ll i„'i, ii ,,r potch lasl while you ur,' In,
Am! the eharKO seems like nothing," says Brian
WHITFIELD, the Shoe Man,
our Cigars are made ot tho Choicest Havana
Tol cos.  Our famous
Cuban Blossom «*•>
Black Diamond
Are called to, everywhere, and aro superior to
nny Imported ,'l„„r,   \l,,,l,' by Dnion Labor,
M, J, BOOTH, Wharf Street.
VlOTOBU t;i:i:sri:\r
••v"-"'"    JOS, I, BROWN, Watchmaker
Town Lots and Farms for Sale,   Money4to Loan
on Mortiftigo at low rnteB. ,1
Agent for the Unltod Wro Insurance Compunj    H
ol Mam in1'■■'.'■!■. Knplund,        I   -41
The City Tea Supjilyro. |
Arc t-h iu» away a few hiindsomo Promfumi il
In books, iMhi-ir-tini: i-f BtmkoBpoare," Mnel- 11
cal Leaves," "Royal Gallery of Poetry and 1
Art," " Tin' Favorite Cook Book," eto.   On ' 1
obtaining one ol thoao bookn it entttles the .  H
purchaser to n membershtp in the Q)quq /
Library Aasoclatlon, I
Si AliKKT, -Uastion Stbebt.
City Anctioncer
,V v'n'i'riM'.. I lemagnetized shortNouco
By sI'I'.rlAl. .\IAi:illM:iiY mi the I'roinlaos.
Pino and Complicated Watcliosand (llocki
™ Commission Merehanl Carefully Cleaned and Repaired
Stoamera oad Shipping supplied on short notice
ni vvholosalo Prices.
VA 1. va   IM
SALESconductod In 'Vellinglon, Union
ami Adjoining Bismol
FlnoCY(JI,0)fKTfiR8,forBlnyclMi InStock.
Johnston Blo'.'k, Nanaimo.  I Johnston Block, Oonunerolal Strast, Nanaimo,
AT minOk'S' .Ml vii'TottiA ntEscBNT
■ i/iw»i ijvci - ou       siiiiiiiiiin.n. c.


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