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The Nanaimo Mail Mar 21, 1896

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NO. 40.
Seeds.    Seeds.    Seeds.
—We have just Opened out a Large Stock of—
,      GARDEN,
Prices as Always, Down to the Lowest Notch.
GROCERIES are still very low in price.    The goods are
the best obtainable.
Potatoes, por sack »  Go cents.
Jains, 71b pails    .. 65
Beans, 401bs  1 00
Rolled Oats, 301bs    1 00
California   Table   Fruits,   Pears,   Apricots,
Peaches, quality guaranteed, 5 tins  1 00
Cleaned Currants, 121bs  1 00
Muscatelle Raisins, choice, 201bs  1 00
Valencia Raisins, extra good, 141bs  1 00
Everything else in the same ratio,"and weguarantee quality in
every case.   Send along a trial order and be satisfied.
Goods and Prices and Prices are right.
Petitions,Questiona and Motions
the Order of the Week.
Alberni Water and Klectic Co.'s Bill
Passed—Several Returns Made
and Bills Advanced.
Cfa JAMES YOUNG. Victoria Crescent. ^
Where Will I Oet
Cash Boot and Shoe Store,
No. 19 Commercial Street.
Strictly Cash.3^
E. E. C. JOHNSON, Mgr.
100 PAIR
of England Cloth.
Your Choice for  -   -   -
OVERCOATS—A fine line of those Heavy
Chinchillas.   Will clear at $20.00.
The Fashionable Tailor,
Commercial Street.
A general petition was read praying that all curtains and screens be
removed from saloon windows and
doors, that saloon entertainments
be abolished, and that no licenses
be granted to grocer*.
A petition was read from the
New Westminster and Vancouver
Tramway Co. against the validation of an alleged illegal sale of the
road lo the Consolidated Railway
and Light Co., such petition having
reference to certain clauses of the
hitter's hill before the House.
In answer to Mr. Mcl'herson, the
Chief Commissioner of Lands and
Works said that all work was progressing on the parliament buildings except the plastering, which
the contractor had delayed for fear
of damage by frost.
The House considered the Alberni
Water, Electric and Telephone Co.'s
bill, after which it adjourned.
There being only some half dozen
government members in their seats,
Mr. Speaker was anxious to know
if the government had instructed
any private member with reference
to tbe carrying out of government
bills (laughter).
Mr. .Semlin inquired if thespeak-
er had received any intimation of
the government having resigned
(renewed laughter).
Hon. Mr. Eberts hurried into the
house at this juncture and the rest
of the members of the cabinet filed j
in one at a time.
Mr. Semlin asked the Premier
whether there was any new legislation to be brought in.
Hon. Mr. Turner said that practically all the legislation intended
I to be brought down had been intro-
: dueed, with the exception of the
idairying bill, which is at present
: under consideration.
In answer to .Mr. Cotton, Hon. Mr.
Turner said that probably the esti-
\ mates would be brought down Wed-
! nesday.
Tbe house then went into com-
! niittee of the whole to consider the
! message of His Honor the Lieuten-
! ant-Governor of March Kith, enclosing Rill (No. 63) entitled "An Act
! relating to gold and other minerals,
j excepting coal," Mr. Hunter in the
chair. The committee subsequently rose and reported the bill to the
Col. Baker moved to amend the
' Public School Act by substituting
the following clause in lieu of clause
15, sec. 40, which was carried:
I Any person being a Hritish subject of
the lull age uf 21 years, who is a resi-
• dent householder or a resident freeholder in a School district, anil the wile of
sueh such householder and freeholder,
.Hall be eligible to serve us school trus-
I tee, providing that the wile of an acting
school trustee shall not be eligible fur
The Sherfffs' bill, on motion of
Hon. Mr. Eberts, was read a second
time on a division of 14 to 0.
The House went into committee
[on the Columbia & Western Railway bill.    An amendment by Mr.
I Graham  providing that a deposit
'of .1-50,000 be made with the Government as security for the completion and operation of the roud from
Trail to a point near Pentincton
within four years of the passage of
I the aet, was lost on a division of 16
to 12, after which the committee
rose and reported progress and the
House adjourned.
Mr. Bryden presented a petition
from residents of Englishman's
[ River and contiguous settlements
asking for a resident physician.
Ruled out of order, but to be referred to the Government.
Capt. Irving moved for a return
j of statistics and other data regard-
I ing the Bella Coola colony and the
I settlement of Quatsino. Agreed to.
Mr. Williams moved for a return
j of all papers relating to the con-
[ tracts of the Government with the
j late Frederick Adams and with McGregor & Jeeves concerning work
ion tbe new parliament buildings.
: Agreed to.
Mr. Sword moved for an order
requiring the assessor lo state upon
what authority be withdrew his
claim that the deposits in the Hank
of British Columbia should be assessed.    Agreed to.
The Columbia & Western Railway bill was considered in committee and reported complete.
The report of the committee on
the Alberni Water and Electric
Co.'s bill was adopted.
The House went into committee
on the Consolidated Railway and
Light Co.'s bill, and Mr. Kennedy
moved to lay over section 7, in accordance with the petition presented on Monday. This point was discussed at some length and the committee rose and reported progress
The success of the Abyssinians
has stirred up the Dervishes to try
to run the British outof Egypt, and
before long Africa may be carrying
the war into Europe for a change.
News which is gradually leaking
out lends color to the impression
that the quadruple alliance, composed of Germany, Austria, Italy
and Great Britain, is an accomplished fact.
Gen. Baratieri justifies his attack
A bill for  the extermination of! on  the ground that it was a safer
wild   horses,   introduced   by   Mr.
Adams, was read a first time.
The House then adjourned.
A bill to amend the Placer Mining Act, 1891, was introduced by
Col. Baker and read a first time.
The Cariboo wide-tire bill was
considered in committee and a motion prevailed that the committee
rise, which killed the bill.
The Cattle Act Amendment bill
and the Line Fences and Water
Courses bill were read a third time
and passed.
The Cariboo Hospital Incorporation bill was considered in committee, reported complete and read a
third time and passed.
Hon. Mr. Turner presented returns regarding the arrears of taxes
on land, showing the arrears on wild: .,      ,. .     ,    , ,       ,,
i     i    L      .   i i    tAvnaoAi. „„ ! Egyptian surplus to defray the ex-
land  amounted to $47,069.47    oni    °fl      ...    '       ,.,.        *\.    „ ,
ii     i  --ihm i,i        i penses of the expedition.    Mr. Ha-
improved land, $54.253.40   and on if , ,   , ,,   .v, , n
r , '. i.,w,i„,„ four added that trance and Russia
personal property,+o0,0i)0 19 had not replied to Great Britain's
A return was also presented show- . f. ,, . ... „,,
., , ,. ' t • • representation on this subject. Ihe
ing the traveling expenses of minis- .,* . " . a .. . J ,.
, b , , , i i „ „ r„i I Marquis of Salisbury announced in
ters last year to have been as fol- ,r } ,T ... /. „ .,. , ,
         . | House of Lords that the British and
had no news
report of the
"lie Premier
added that the news was not credited by either government.
A dispatch to the N. Y. World
says: The Hritish advance upon the
Soudan denotes the initiation of a
polity which  may be fraught with
course than to retreat, as supplies
were running short and the roads
were infested with Abyssinians. In
the Chamber of Deputies Premier
Rudini said former instructions to
treat for peace had been withdrawn,
as the government was now con-
convinced that it would be preferable to establish the state of things
agreeing with Italy's interests, and
hostilities would continue. He asked
for a credit of 140,000,000 lire for
the African campaign, which was
On Wednesday Rt. Hon. A. J.
Balfour, announced in the House of
Commons that favorable replies had
been received from Austria, Germany and Italy, in regard to the
proposed British-Egyptian expedition up the Nile, and agreeing to
the withdrawal of £50,000 from the
The Benevolent Societies bill was
considered in committee and reported complete with amendments.
The Trustees and Executors bill
was considered in committee, and
in order to allow tbe Attorney-Gen
eral to look into its provisions the far-reaching and possibly disastrous
committee rose and reported pro- consequences,     'lhe  Liberals will
„,.ess oppose the campaign, and they ex-
The Municipalities Incorporation peotit will make the government
Mr. Gladstone has returned to
London from the Riviere in excellent health.
The Senate mercilessly scored the
Toronto exhibition bill, several senators characterizing it as a "hog
A strong protest on behalf of the
Dominion Government has been
submitted to the Colonial Office
against Ihe exclusion of live cattle.
Lawyer Shoemaker of Philadelphia has been suspended from practice for one year for subornation of
perjury in the Holmes murder case.
The employes of the Oliver Iron
and Steel Co. at Pittsbure, numbering 1500, have been notified of a 10
per cent, reduction in wages, to take
effect at once.
A Liberal convention to select a
candidate to oppose Speaker White
in North Renfrew will be held at
Pembroke to-day, and also the Liberal convention for Pontiac.
On Sunday night a burglar broke
open the poor box in St. Peter's
Cathedral, Peterboro, Ont., drank
the Communion wine and ransacked
the parsonage by the light of an
altar candle.
The London Daily News says two
hundred thousand Armenians are
in a starving condition and wholly
dependent for the necessaries of life
upon the charity of the British and
American public.
The great lumber combine has
commenced operations in earnest,
and the price of every foot of lumber shipped to San Francisco and
manufactured or handled in any
business centre on the Pacific coast
has been advanced.
A hot battle between forces under
Col. Hernandes and insurgents under Maceo and Banderas is reported
from the neighborhood of Cande-
laria, in Pinar del Rio, in which
the insurgent loss is said to have
been 300 killed and wounded.
The Dominion Government has
been officially advised that the colonial conference on the Pacific cable
bill  and the  Municipal Elections unpopular, as its perils are only too scheme will meet in London about
.       .  *■- . .,...,,! *,,-..,»     ..,!,: I,,    tl I.. ..,-,*.. ,,,.„    \S I    . n   j  j -r.     • i   n<      -ir
and Electors bill were read a sec- .apparent, while the advantages, if
ond time i sllccessful, are nebulous in the high-
The Literary Societies bill was iest de8ree* *ir Charles Dilke in the
read a second time; also the bill for ! oourse of ■••■ abi" *?<*&> sa,d ,that>
the extermination of wild horses.      unlef P«'l'-ijar outcry stays Sails-
TheMineral bill, as reported from bury's Tiand, it may well happen
the mining committee, was read a *■*"•* *•?• -°ng-expeoted casus belli
second time. I *mch ls to br,n{5 about a general
The Alberni Water and Electric European cataclysm  may be pro-
Co.'s bill was read a third time and , vlded> ■*>» hy tro,uble at <-°nstanti-
j nople or in the Balkans, but by the
The "Rowland Water Works bill' °]a.shin6 of French German and
was considered in committee and Brltl8n interests in Africa, and es
pecially in the race now begun in
good earnest for possession of the
unappropriated portion of the valley of the upper Nile.
reported complete.
The House then adjourned.
Mr. Helmcken has given notice of
a bill to amend the Loan Societies
Act, designed to permit societies to
acquire land other than by foreclosure. 	
A Fabulous Fortune.
Messrs. Shilton, WallbridgeA Co.
of Toronto, are engaged in searching for Canadian heirs for an estate
of enormous dimensions which is
said to exist in Holland. A cent'dry
ago a gin manufacturer named Jasper Cronckheit died in Holland,
leaving a fortune of about $12,000.-
(XX). Two brothers of his had emigrated to America, and he wrote to
them, asking them to return. Failing to induce them to come back he
left a will, which he stipulated was
not to be opened for 100 years.
The century expired on April ti last,
and in the meantime the fortune
has increased until it now amounts
to about $40,000,000, which is to be
divided among the various heirs
now living. Mrs. W. G. Whiting
of Toronto is said to be one of the
heirs and several others are now
said to be living at the Hay of Quinte.
Press dispatches assert that Governor McKinley of Ohio endorses
the unspeakable Otis, of the Los
Angeles Times, for vice president
on a platform which, among other I t'n;7mendmen7toTheOoarMin7sEegu°
Encouraging Reports of Local Business anil Development.
It is reported the N. V. C. Co. intend
putting down a shaft on the Wakesinh
park, providing the prospects of the
present bore are as good as the last one.
It is now learned from a reliable source
that a seam of coal has been discovered
on Salt Spring Island, and although nt
present only IS inches thick, it is confidently expected that when it is further
developed a bountiful supply of coal will
be uncovered.
We are pleased to learn that the.
whaleback steamer City ol Everett has | Street, and begin.
been chartered by Rosenfeld & Sons for
five months, to be engaged in carrying
coal from this port to San Francisco.
Besides the above steamer the Barks
Itufus E. Wood, General Faireblld, Wil-
na and St. John are all chartered for
New V. 0. Co'8 coal, so that the prospects for the future wear a brighter
aspect.    Reports from  the  Bay  City
April 14. It is expected Sir Mackenzie Howell and Stanford Fleming will be the Canadian delegates.
It is announced that Princess
Lilioukalani of Hawaii, who is in
Italy, will be married to an Italian
nobleman on Easter Monday, but
the report is denied by Hawaiians,
who say she would jeopardize her
chances of suce'ession to the throne
of Hawaii by marrying an Italian.
Ballington Booth has named his
religious organization "God'sAmerican Volunteers." They will be governed by a military constitution,
witn Mr. and Mrs. Booth as joint
presidents. The local branches will
be called posts, and the various
officers will have rank and titles
like those of the American army.
Cecil Rhodes has been eminently
successful in securing a successor to
Dr. Jamieson in the position of ad-
ministraterof Rhodesia. LordGrey,
a director of the Chartered Company, has accepted the position, although it will necessitate his disposal of every interest other than that
inherent to the position of director.
At Brockville a man named La-
point with a breech-loading gun
shot Mr. Peter Moore dead on the
firing promiscuously at everyone in sight. He
wounded seriously Chief of Police
Rose, Officer Tinsley, an Indian
and several others. Finally La-
point was shot down and placed
under arrest.
Russell Sage, tbe millionaire,Ydien
assailed by a lunatic with a bomb
held one of his clerks in front of his
things, calls for "protection to Amer-1 j ^
ican labor." As "American labor" |„,...
has officially repudiated Otis by a
still show that there is an abundance of' own person for protection, the tnil-
I coal in the yards, but ns oil does not np-1 lionaireescaping unharmed and the
j pear to be used so extensively, the stock . clerk receiving injuries from which
will shortly be considerably reduced. i it is said he will never entirely re-
A deputation consisting of K. Smith  cover. The latter has been ever since
(secretary of the Miners' Union), 'fully | seeking compensation from his em*
Boyce and Aid. A. Wilson, went to Vic-; plover, and the Supreme Court has
! toria Tuesday for the purpose of inter-, at last confirmed  a  judgment for
viewing the Attorney-General regarding j $40,000 damages; but the resources
of the millionaire, legal and other-
on  Act excluding Chinese from the
mines.     Hon. Mr. Eberts promised to
,   . ,.,.       , vxpedite the matter of testing the con-
■ vote of its affiliated organizations 8tUutioimlltyof the amendment, delay
throughout the United States his havIng been occasioned bv the press of
name on such a ticket would  be | lnumtn, work. „nd •■. |B p.-obable
laughable in the extreme.   It M the,U, matter will be brought before the
sameOUs that furnished the rats oourtB ffIthtn a week or 10 llays.  Mr.
fortheTacoma Ledger ar.d after-, Clm|.1(!8 wilgon of Vancouver has been
wards tried to make a similar deal
with his prototype Gallagher, who
was then running the Telegram at
The Salvation Army will not run
Ballington Booth will have to run
a side show
wise, are many.
Last Sunday
Wns one nf  those bright, joyous, sunshiny daysthnt
Inspires the young tn thoughts of love
And directs the aged mind aliove.
Warm nnd Invigorating, all nature seemed glad.   The birds snug nnd the dogs
laughed, while ever and anon
The frisky calf nnd sportive cow
Hilarious hopped from bough to bough.
Down by the millstreani ninny happy
hours were passed, Simrklingnud bright
the water leaped  for joy, chasing itself
in  picturesque beauty to that bourne
whence no mlllBtreauj returns.   In fact,
it was one of those days you read about
possible he will erect a stamp mill on  but very seldom see—except in Nanaimo.
the property. I    Thank God we have the climate leftl
retained to represent the Miners' Union.
Mr. J. Dunsmuir is expected here today en route for Alberni, where he will
inspect the mines of the Mineral Hill
Consolidated Company. It is Mr. Duns
wn ei reuses under one  tent   and  muir's intention to [mt a strong force of
WO circuses uncier one  lent,  anu  men to work at once| llm* a8 goon M TEMPERANCE.
Gifflintic Mri.lf. uT Ti'mimi'itne*) LettHln.-
tlnn siijr'reMt Ewoiiriicri'maiit ror the 1'u-
tare,  Wllun  I'i'Ilvt-l'oil  From llio   in ink
Tnini,. *.-..• situ11 i
II   1'!
■ 1-1
The follow inn exit-nets, taken tram the
nutobiogi'uplilcal reminiscences of the late
rtev. Horace D. Walker, recall forcibly to
mind the sad condition of afl'nli's existing
sixty years ago, ami, contrasted with the
gigantic strides temperance sentiment ami
leglstutiuii lias taken since then„encour-
ugos to a belief that in '.1"' uenr future Uie
shackle* uf the nun trallic will be coin*
plutelv tlirowa oil'anil leave n* .i free poo-
In ISS5, when I was ti boy of ten, nt school
in W , Muss., n ntovenumt  wns luatig*
urn,ted to Improve tiio common. It lay iu
front of i lie church, mid it was mtsi rough,
mnt uiiHiffhtly Iii appiHiruiicc. The farmers cume in from all directions oue bright
summer day with carts and Implements,
aud school was dismissed that the boys
might aid as they could in tho go .d work.
The center was fairly alivu with busy
wurkers when, at eleven o'clock, good old
Parson Piste issued froifi lii$ house, fronting the common, in his well-known black
study gown, carrying in oue hand .i good-
sized ti;i pail, and in the other a small tin
dipper. He moved about the busy throng
followed by a layman with a woodeu pail
#i:il a largerdipper.
Ali tho workers, even boys as small an '.
us young as myself, were invited by the
parsop to partake of the contents ot his
jtinl and welcomed by the layman to
draughts from iii- bucket.
The parson carried new rum. the layman bore cold water, I rememb ■;■ '■ >w .1
taste from the parson's pail ("fire-wafer"
indeed, since it wn- neither weakened u ir
sweetened drove me in a hurry tu the
other pall to cool my poor tongue.
But i here were many to whom the parson's rounds wen very welcome, Jusi ar
rue ive I saw one of the promiueni young
lawyers of the place staggering into hi.-
dooryard near the common, lie led by the
hand his little buy du-t within the gate
tlte father fell, utterly helpless lu his intoxication.
But at four o'clock the parson wont
again his hospitable round, dohn Sullivan, the first Irishman I had ever seen,
and whom I well knew, as his wife was
employed at my boarding place, wns particularly attentive to the parson's ministrations: so much so that iie was very
much affected by them. As his temper
was quickened his legs were weakened,
so that one of the ucademj boys, whom he
assailed, had no difficulty in kn ickiughiiu
down. The combat occurred in the ceme-
tery, Eroiii which unsightly heaps uf gravel
wi re being taken to lill up holl .wh in the
common. John gathered himsell up In
hot indignation, and wenl stnggeriug 11
tj the hearse house, tho rear ol which
stfud upon post 1,
I saw his elbow thrown nit n   lie   led
the corner, and wt- heard the cry ■ "He i-
cutting his throat!" So 1 ran aud looked
under the house whore he had crawled.
With a dull juckkuife and nn unsteady
I, .'..! ho waa sawing away without much
result upon the loose skin of his throat,
while men were pulling him out by the
Strange as it seems to ita>. not -i -*-■■.! In
all the crowd put toget] ir the sad full ol
tho lawyer, the attempted suicide nf the
Irishman and the parson's tin pail Every
one thought that the g ■ wl man was doing
3*ust the proper and hospitable thing; fur
drunkenness was general nnd h ibitual.
tu the vloiuity of my h >me all tho farm*
t - whom 1 can recall w 1 h I w > ex ep-
1 as, drank to excess Tiio cellars were
filled with hard, very h i cider, and 1
mug of It always mulled before the fire.
It was the custom to serve grog to farm
hands at eleven o'clock . an 1 I remember
the warm discussion thnt was provoked
when Capt. Mason proposed -il must have
lieeti in the thirties- I 1 serve coffee to his
men Instead uf liquor, ti was prophesied
that lie couyi not get ii dp to run 1 ho farm
il ho persisted, as he did, in hi- resolution
tu make tho change.
K very hotly went tot* his dram to Capt.
Paul's tavern, about two miles beyond
Capt. Masou's. "Uttle King," the dwarfish cobbler at the foot nf tin' lane, used t<.
travel dally this distance ou his weak Utile legs, but usually he made the trip In
tho evening. One day some school girls,
neighbors1 children,overtooklilm walking
nu all -ides of the road. Thinking him
ill, they took him by either arm to help
him homo;hut they bitterly complained
afterward, that he had stepped 011 thelt
best shoes
Oue neighbor, »n immensely corpulent
man, used to i>«' put ulghtlx iuto hi- wag-
ount the tavern, to bo delivered at home
by his faithful horse Uut one night ho
(1 11 'mt of bis wagon and tho hor-* earn •
homo alone. Ills sous wenl fortheii missing parent with a stone t[rag.
When tho greal wrnvi • 1 ol il absl Inem 1
sen Em ml roll tl iver the 1 -tintry, one »f
the ourlj agitators, b'oi he Hunt, came to
our hou * aud in wlo li ins home whil 1
lecturing in thu I'iciuit; Ho was * Vlr*
giuiaii, slightly deformed iimau <•( slug-
ular cluquenc?, who filled hurch and gab
lery wherever he wi it Hesaid thnt m>
sou, then three weeks old this was iu 18-11
- louhl sign tho tempera 1 c ■ pledge as h -
children had done, ii" had 11 little frame
madcnl the village carpenter's, with ;i
glass lilted al the llngi* •' ir • . und he
wrote nut in his neat hand 1 pledge for
the child that it would n ?ver touch wh it
v. mid "make drunk ■ ome, md to thi- t
pui mj hand." Then he inked all the in-
-. |q nt the ■    im id and  pressed
h upon the paper as 11   - '-j, "it nre  to 1 he
I edge ■■ hlcli, yellow w I h ige, in  the
Igiual I ranting,  -' ill recalls  I he   tempi-;'
ance agitator Of 'n.
loi'd " The people o ..cored and cougratu-
ated uacli other on Uaviug such .1 Judge.
A Mother sulitiimii.
The.'.' are still jti Ig ■- in the World wh >
Are ah si ns wise as King iSnloiuon and
verbal '■■ "Daniels 1 1111 • to itidgment.'
>■ itch .1 one pi-'-' le 1 over .1 local
c iri lu the Islo at IScin An action for
damages was broughl agn usi .1 local railway compnuj arising oul of a serious collision, A man had Los) in arm lu the af
fair, and ;i young married woman had
been made a widow, . 01 the loss of tho
arm the judge award ul ■ I piastres, and
only 3,(XK) for tin- lo< -tor the h isbaud At
1 his there wt re loud 1 m nur i, whereupon
the judge justified himself in tho following terms; "Mydear per-plt*, my verdici
must remain, for you will •"■ it Is a just
one. Poor Nikola has I"-' his arm. and
nol liing on can h cau restore . lial yri*- less
limb. Butyoti," turnlny to the woman,
"you are Mill young un i pretty. Vou
have now somo mon ■>■ . 111 will easily
liud another husbnud who posjibly imij
ba a& Koiul, peril fipa better, than your dead
Much has been said und written ab:ui
vlctousness In bulls, whioh. id u morn or
less degree, will hold good; but a great
deal ot this peculiarly bud trait in their
characters could be eliminated, wen tho
prop.1:- means resorted to. The bull is .-v
gegarious animal; hu likes nor to ba
alone, and one of the greatest stimulants
to engender a cranky, vicious nature In
him is to keep him secluded, to isolate
him from his world, so that lie sees none
of his kind and hears only tlte voloeof his
attendant. My own experience In the
treatment nf a two-year-old bull, with
seven-eighths Jersey blood in him, and J
the results obtained therefrom,may he iu-1
teresting us demonstrating some of the I
more doolie traits In the animal's nature. I
During the winter mouths I kept the j
hull In a stable where the young stock I
wot" wintered, feeding him on the saiue-l
rations us the latter waived,and driving |
him out to water along with his 00m-1
panlons, He was always tractable, never
fractious, aud showed no disposition to(
separate himself from them. As soon as
thu cows were let out to pasture he was j
allowed to ao with them wherever they I
went,  except Int ■ the   yard   where  thuy l
Mm. zr
1 4"^ 'S
■W   'ill D
A  PE1   .t!   ';-'T tlt-T.t,.
wore mllkeil. At clu't»!itl of rlirut! months,
I installed him i:i ono - f rh.» enmers (it
the (\>\v stnblo. wh*-re !v> w.';i- k<»;:* until
it w.is timu t.i bring thu hurt! lnst'le,u*ht*!- 1
lid was romuveit tonnothor stAl*]t* i.v lilni-
self. During the ptiri.nl of hi^i iDonrct*rA<
tion In the oowstuble. h^ w.is well hmketl
after, kept sornpnlou.sly clean by lu-lng
RUppltetl tliiily with bedding mat.'rial, foil
nnd watered regularly. Here lie waa a-j
--gentle a.. :* lamb.*' When leading the
Imll tn and from wnter, I have at times
done s.i hy simply taking bo! i or liis
hum, and at no time did I employ nny
means other than the device shown in
the nccompnnying Illustration, which
obviates the use of a h.ilter, being more
speedily adjusted aud just as seoure. It
i-onsists .if a piece of rope with a loop at
one end, which i- thrown over onu horn.
a half hitch being made around the other
horn, thus firmly so< tiring tho rnpTi, for
the more the animal pulls the tighter the
rope i- drawn. This samo device was
used ia tying lum III tho cow stable,
when the cows were outside thus allowing him the freedom of walking around
to tho "end of his tether,*" he, of course,
being fastened In the stani loons while
the rows wore being milked, 1'ho state,
ment has been advanced that the bull
should never i:a petted,as that oourse has n
tendency to lessen his virility. He that as
i- may. tiiis Jersey was pettod and apparently liked to be so, and no trouble was
bvoi' experienced in the lines indicated, I
had a \\»:;t ot thirty rows nnd its offspring
In each ease wis always healthy nnd
strong, and no*, ir did his efforts prove
abortive. He knew his name, answering
to tl whenever called, and he waul 1 mme
to 'at .-nit, a potato or i little silage out
of mv hand, li may lie that this Jersey
wa-. in exception to the average bull, lint
I think tho care anil kind treatment he
received was what made hini so gentle
and doolie.—Ale;. Wallace, New Vork
Prof. Builay has published a builacia
describing the various sorts nt' poplar,
ami their uses. He says that the poplars
are examples of trees which should lie
used only for secondary or incidental
ello.ts In landscape gardening, and never
to construct the body or main features of
the planting. Cheap trees produce cheap
effects. The Lombardy poplar may be
used to advantage now and then In a
group of trees to add spirit and vigor;
hut it should rarely iie seen as an isolated
specimen. The varieties of the white
poplar or allele are, in general, oven less
desirable than the Lombardy, As ordinarily planted they are Immodest and
Uglyttoes, especially the whitest varieties,
and their use in farm yards, country
cemeteries and all small places should be
discouraged. Poplars which should be encouraged for ornamental planting are the
oonimon cotton wood, the common wild
aspen, tiie normal or erect form of tha
large toothed aspen, tho Certtnensil
poplar, Populus olegans of the inn-series,
and tho i-'.uropeau aspen. Poplars of
n particular value for shelter belts and
timber aro the certlnensls, Cottonwood,
balm of GUend and possibly Populus
slmonii, Species of rather heavy and
dark foliage and strung growth, and
whioh may be used for groups or masses,
are tiio balm of Gilend, nolestl, and prob-
ably Populus sleboldl and 1'. shnonii.
Among the species and varieties which
are interesting becuuso of natural peculiarities, and which may be uesd for in-
cldentnl ofleets or as single specimens,are
Populus augustlfolla, various forms of
the balsam poplar iespecially the variety
viminalisl and forms of the European
black poplar. Weeping varieties are found
ln several species. Tha best is probably
the drooping form of Populus tromnla,
the European nspen. There are good
weeping forms of the large-toothed aspen
(Populus grandident.ii, but thoy are apt
to be too st';:T lor the best effects in a
drooping tree, There are yellow leaved
or variegated forms of soma species, of
which the best is the variety of the Cottonwood known aa V:m tieert's golden
poplar. The !'ost single species of poplar
for general planting iu Now York t,
probably the common Cottonwood or
Carolina poplar (Populus monillferai.
The second choice is the new Russian
■pocies known as Populus certlnensis.
Mi, Tlinnglil slip I niiprsiood.
The following story la told of a preco-
clou- little girl of ten. .-lie is the daughter
of a well-known lady of considerable
charms, whom the family doctor was
visiting for inline'.7a. He fdlt the pulse
gravely and tenderly, holding hor wrist
after the orthodox manner of a ladies'
doctor, as he sat beside her in the draw
tug-room A.-, he did so ho became aware
that tie* child had her great grave eyes,
full of Inquiry, fixed upon him.
■Vou don't know what I'm doing:1"
said tiie medical man, lightly, to tho
young lady.
■Y,—I   do,"   was   the  portentously
imn reply.    " You are making love to
my mother:
--London Tld-Blt*.
W.i- liitell.jtod.
Mamma (anxiously watching her little
boy at dinner)—My dear child, you really
should nol eat your pudding  so n.uickly.
-small Child—Why not, mamma:
Stlnmma—Hecuusa it is dangerous, I
onoe knew a. lltlte boy ibout your age
who was eating hii pudding si quickly
that he ill • I before he had finished it.
.-mall Child (with much concorn)—
And what did they .1 i with tha rest of
his pudding, minima
Itlll-.vlnii ll.ielil.....
Whore there are bnt few boulders and
these not 111-vre than thren or four feet in
diameter, thu quickest wav to dispose ut
them Is by burying them. To render
this operation sai<\ tho-plan shown in the
sketch may Pe adopted. First determine
the underground dimensions of the sumo
by forcing a crowbar down close to It,
upon all sides, b'requently there is a projection at one side; this should be is. er
tamed. Then excavate a trench, for a
heavy sti ■!; or fence post, two feet longer
man the .tone is wile. With the sup.
porting timber in place a propel- excavation may lie made ami tha .tone' undermined to hall its width at least. There
will be no danger of :-.s falling as long as
the end- of the stick are (Irmly embedded
in tho banks as thoy should iie. When
tl,-- hole is oi tho proper depth to sink
■he boulder below the tilpw tine tin- stick
is removed by prying up one Biid. (>run
BVt-n then the stono will no: move unless
pressure '* applied at tiie other side, This
manner of disposing of liouldors is o'.'ion
cheaper than by blasting. In the case of
extra large ones a blast u iv be applied to
break them In two or three pieces, and
these burled in holes upon tl. i sides toward which they lean. In every neighborhood thora are usually men who will take
the contrite* to bury i certain number
of 'iould.*r. for a spin ltleil amount, and
that Is a very good wav to have the work
performed, unless you da .' yourself or
have men In your employ ottend tu it at
leisure timns.
Keller In H'.i Hoars.
Distressing Kidney ami Bladder disease-: relieved in uii hours by the
Socr-H AjrKBlCAM Kipnky Ccrs."
This new remedy is a great surprise
and delight on account of its exceeding promptness in relieving pain
in the bladder, kidneys, back and every
part of the urinary piorcures in male or
ferua'.e. It relieves retention of watei
and pain in paasing it almost immediately. If you want quick relief and cure
this is yo.tr remedy.
Soli' by al! druggists.
It's all ti^ht. we suppose, to say tiiat
a man is homely Miough to stop a train,
but he'll tlnd lie's not homely enough to
stop it if i.e arrived at the station a minute after it has started.
Heart Disease Relieved ln SO Minnies.
Dr. A-tnew's Cure for the Heart gives
perfect relief in all cajcr of Organic or
Sympathetic Heart Disease in 30 minutes,
and speedily erTecto a cure. It is a peer-
lees remedy for Palpitation, Shornnes3 of
Breath, Sntotherin*; Spells, Pain in Loft
Side and all Bympto.-ns of a Diseased
Heart.   One dose convinces.
bold by all druggists.
The brakeman'fl "al! al>- ird ! " eve long
Will be of little worth,
When from the air-ship rings the sor.^,
"Come all get off the earth!
Take good 'are of tiie young ows, that
they may continue profit ible when t!e>y
uro old.
The wool trade of (iraat Britain goes
back for a period of 1,000 or more years.
Indeed, more than I 300 years ago.sheep
-ire mentioned Inthe statute by one of the
kings oi ICnglnnd in relation to their
price. Tiie mother of Alfred tho Great Is
represented as being skilled lu tha art
of weaving wool.
Many farmers would fit ten a few
sheep in the winter If thev did not have
an idea that n basement barn was essential tn success In this Pusines.. The only
ndvnntnge iu a basement fnr sheep is that
their tedder can tie stored above and
thrown down to them through a chute.
As for tie' extra warmth of tbo basement
it Is well nniu'.gli for other stock, but
sheep Mo not need it. a shed which will
exclude rain and snow is better for them
than to he cooped up in a basement and
lying on tiie pile of budding Which tliey
ire working into a manure pile, The
barn basement is m-ccs.-ary for those who
grow early lambs, but for other than
brooding owes tt is no ndvnntnge.
The ocean commerce of Tnooina !"i
Ooiobor shows total Imports ot tl. 160,000'
total exports, 1118,054,
About UiC.OOO liuhols of wheat WOM
totwardoil to foreign countries and 14,001
Iwrois of Bout to China an.l Japan,
*:!:■> .at:,: i-.-.i Cu.'eil ln m Day,
Boath American Rhnematlo Care foi
P.huemat!sm and Ueuralgia radically
cures in one to three days. It.s action
upon the -lystem is remarkable and mysterious. It removes at once thi- cause,
and the disease immediately tiiiappeare
The first dose greatly benefits, Seventy-
five cents.
Bold by ah druirgists.
The ieap year valentine, they any
But who eha'.l trust in rumors)
Will bring cut Cupid, bright and gay,
Upon a bike, in blooraers.
Catarrh Relieved Vi 10 to GO Seconds.
One short ptiff of the bieath through
the Blower, supplied with each bottle ol
Dr. Agnew's Catarrhal Powder, diffitset
this Powder over the surface of the nasal
passages, Painless ami delightful lo use,
it relieves instantly, and permanently
cures Catarrh, Hay Fever, Colds, Headache, Sore Throat, Tonsilitifl and Daaf-
oess.   60 cents.
Sold by all druggists.
Uncle Hays—'Member the Havrkin
boys who ran awav to ;ine a theater company" Aunt MarthaWhy. yes!—What's
about 'em. I'ncle Hays l'|Uietly)—
They've walked back.
NO P.EMEDV cures Coughe. Colds,
Croup, Hoarseness, Asthma, Bronchitis,
Sore Thmat, etc., so well as Dr. Wood's
Norway Pine Syrup. It heals, soothes
and stitngthena the lungs and throat.
Attacked with Nenralala of the Limbs he
Became Helpless, and Suffered Intense
Agony—Spent HU Home ln Doctoring
with Specialists Without Avail--ur.
Williams' FlnkPl'ln Come to ihe Rescue When Other Means had failed.
Frcc.i tiie Sir.ut* Reformer.
The many virtues of Dr. Williams'
Pink Pilla for Pale People have so often
been published in the columns of this
paper, that they are widely known to the
residents of Norfolk county, and it Is
widely conceded that they have brought
joy into more than one household, and
their merits are spoken of only in words
of praise. In this instance the words are
brought directly home to the residents of
Simcoe, a gentleman who is glad to testify to the benefit he has received from the
use of these pills being a resident of this
town. Mr. Wm. iiiwood. er.. of Bimcoe
for about two Tears, and for years a resident of Fort Erie, a carpenter by trade, is
loud ir. his praise of the benefits be derived from the use of the pills. Iu an
interview with Mr. I'.lwood, that gentleman told the Reformer, that about eight
years ago he was attacked with ulcerated
catarrh of the head and throat, and was
oblige:! to quit wcrk, and since that time
lias "not been able to tesunie hiB calling.
The disease, shortly after ho was taken
ill, developed into neuralgia of the lower
iui'bs, from which he suffered terrible
agony. During his long illness the services of specialists in both Toronto an.''
Buitalo, as well ae those of local physicians, both in his former home and Simcoe. were called into requisition, but all
to no purpose. So had did he become,
and so" .jreat were the pains that shot
through his limbs, that at times Mr. El-
wood had to be held down on his couch.
His stomach and bowels were seriously
affected, and he was indeed in a deplorable condition. About a year ago he lost
the use of his left foot and ankle and was
unable to walk around his home without
great difficulty. At one time Mr. Elwood
was possessed of a good home, but SO long
was he ill that he spent all bis property
in the hope of refining his health. Last
fall Mr. Klwood commenced taking Pink
Pills, and shortly afterwards began to
fee! an improvement in his condition. He
continued the use of the pills until he
had taken thirteen boxes when he regained the use of his foot and ankle and
thought lie was about cured and discontinued their use. .So long had he been a
Bufferer, however, that it was impossible
for him to become convalescent in so
short a time. An attack of giippe again
brought on the disease, but uot by any
means so terrible as formerly. M'r. Elwood ssain comr.ienced taking the pills
and is fast regaining his former health
and feels certain that the Pink I'.lls will
exterminate all traces of disease from his
system. He feels so gratified at what the
pills have done for him, that he gladly
gave the information to the lleformer for
publication in the hope that his experience may be a benefit to some other surT-
Dr. Williams' Pink Pills strike at tiie
root of the disease, diving it from tbe
system, and restating the patient to
health and strength. In case of paralysis, spinal troubles, locomotor ataxia,
rheumatism, erysipelas, scrofulous troubles., they are superior to all other treatment. They are also a specific for the
troubles which make theliveB of so many
women a burden, and spe dily restore
the rich glow of health to sallow cheeks.
Men broken down by overwork, worry
or excesp. will find in Pick Pills a certain
sold bv ali dealers or sent by mail, post
paid, at "f cents a box, or Bix boxes for
§250, hy addreBsitig the Dr. Williama'
Medicine Company Brockville, I 'at., or
Schnectady, -v. V. Beware of imitations
and substitutes alleged to be "just as
Bit-gs—I am so Btout that I know exercise would do me lots of good. Toms
—Then why don't you get out and
shovel that snow of the walk' Biggs—
That's not exerci-e, that's work.
To Heal Mankind.
It is as a healing medicine for a'd outward -ores, ulcers, blotches, skin diseases,
cancer, scrofulous sores, etc., that Burdock Blood Bitters has eon.e of its most
signal viotoiies ovor disease. In every
CBM where it has been faithfully tried a
clear bright ehin and found whole lleah
have resulted.
Here is what Mies l.illie Y. l»oyle, of
Stradei's Hill. Ont.,says i
For three years I had a very bad breaking out all over my face anil went to a
doctor who gave me a bottle of medicine
which I used but got no benefit, I then
went to another doctor who gave me
medicine, but as my face kept getting
worse I aBked him to change tbe medicine, which he did, but it niso failed to
do any good, and he told me he could do
no more forme.
A bout three months ago I got a bottle
of Burdock Blood Bittets and bogau using
it: I soon found my face getting much
better, so I got f.uothcr bottle and used il,
and on using the third bottle found my
face completely cured. Several otheis
who hnve followed my advice to try B.
B. B. Cave been cured of similar troubles.
"Lane." said her father. "I thought
yju hatt '■ ^tingy people, aud yet your
young man—'1 "Why. pa, who saves ho
is stingy I ' "Oh, nobody sayB so, only I
could see he was a little 'neat' when 1
passed through the room."
COUCHING LEAU3 TO COF11N unless stopped by l)r, Wood'e Norway Pine
Svrup. Tho safest and beet cure for
Coughs, colds and Lung Troubles. Price
'.'5c, all druggists,
Sudden Taking OS* hy Heart Disease.
That pain in the side, that sense of
smothering, that palpitation of the heart,
that reBtivt ness rendering it impossible for
one to remain long in any one position—
these are symptoms of heart diseae that
should be immediately heeded. And
practical heed will be given by sec uring a
bottle of Dr. Agnew's Cure for the Heart,
the most wonderful heart specific that
has ever been given to the world. Aa
has been shown frequently in these columns, some of the most desperate cases
of heart trouble have been cured by its
One dose will relieve in ."0 mimttee.
The remedy is harmless as milk, ami it is
entirely vegetable.
"My lips are sore, hut camphor ice
I will not have," said May.
' Of course 'twould cure them, you soe,
'Twould keep the shape away."
Growing Prevalence of Brighfs Disease.
Bright's disease shows itself usually in
depression of spirits, hue loses its ::eet.
Eilorta bring an early fatigue. There is
loss of appetite, listlessnees, Bleep fails to
refresh. There may, or may not be pain
in the re-jicr. of the kidneys. It is not
only astonishing but alarming, the eztent
to which this disease is seizing the ablest
men of the country. The deceptive nature of the trouble is almost akin to that
of consumption. Our dearest friends are
carried off with it before e, e are aware of
the nature of their disease. The one salvation is to sid the system of its trouble
a*, its very inception. This is being sue-
ccsfully accomplished by South American
Kidney Cure, a medicine that will cure
any case of Brighfs disease, that has not
already signed the deata warrant cf its
victim. It is a medicine that most completely rids the system cf those elements
that go to constitute this disoaee, working
d stluctlvoly oa the kidneys.
"I say Bellevue, lend me $10, will
you?" "You have struck me at the
most unfortunate time of tho year, Manchester." "Way so." "February is
the shortest month."
Rheumatism Is Still Being Cnred In From
line to Three Days by South aVmtrloan
Ktieiunatlr Cure—Mure Testimony.
Mr. /.. A. Van Luven, Govoruor of the
County jail, oi Napanee, I Int., writes —
"My wife has been a groat sufferer from
rheumatism for some time past. The disease attacked the limbs and wae drawing
them out of shape. The pain waa most
excruciating. She could not get anything to cure her. Mr. Huffman, druggist of this town, recommended South
American llhetimaticCure. The first few
doses gave my wife perfect relief. To-day
after taking four bottles of the remedy,
ehe is certain that the disease is entirely
eradicated from her syetem ant! blesses
the day she first heard of this remedy."
Oh. let us join and thankful be!
The mau who can control
Thebli:: ard signal is not bt-'
Who runs the price of coal.
C'c.re-t by Asne-i*'* Catarrhal  Powder—An
Kitrnoruluary *L*\'.erle.nce.
Catarrh nearly always leaves its mark
after it. These are frequently revealed
in deafnef- of the victim. A case in
point is that of Capt. Ben Count r, of 1S9
P.e'iely street. Toronto, who \va3 deaf
for ten years from catarrh, ^o medicine
or treatment did htm any ^ood, until he
procured a bottle Dr. Agnew's Catarrhal
Powder, which gave immediate relief,
and continuing to u-eit, tu a Ehort time
the deafness was entirely removed. Mr.
Connor's friends who knew the extremity
of the malady, are loud in their praise-: of
this medicine : and Capt. Connor himeelf
will be only too glad to answer ail enquiries concerning his case and remark
able cure.
Watts—There seema to I e acme truth
in the saying that heaven helps those
who help themselves. Potts—Of conrae
there ia. They are the only kind worth
HARSH COUGHS, Henvy Colde,
Hoarseness, Asthma and Bronchitis are
cured by Dr. Wood's Norway Pine Syrup.
The best lung remedy inthe world.
"How is your daughter getting on
with the piano, Kumson' " "First-rate.
She ean play with both hands now. Sho
sav:s she will be able to play with lor ear
in six months."
Snn Insurance Office,   \    p
Eastern Aoauranite Co. J
Quebec Fire Assurance Company,
London and Lancashire Life Ins. Co,
Britinb and Foreign Marine Ina. Oo.
L'.uyd's Plat* Glass Insurance Company
General Agent,
&>oks and Pictures for
25 Wrappers,
Send for a list of
400 Books and 6 Pictnr :-.-:■
B.B.B. nnlocks all the cscretioni anJreuii-»>»
all Impurities from tlte system from a cotnawta ti
pimple to the worst scrofulous *ore. J
BURDOCK PILLS act ffcatly «t
thorousbly -m tbe Stomach, Livt:r:ui-i LJjiva**
t^ That Rals-s Money 7*W
Largest and mont Cvii'i'i'i
Good Seeds, Pretty Flowers, and
Farm Requisites issued
in Canada
CQCC   wvre us
rllbb        i- A.L-. ■>. -
MtNTJO.*! THIa P4°E*1
Tomnto, Our
Loves? Prices
E'.ir Q'lo'ed.
Writs Por
SCHOOL DESXS    J New Catalogue ,
Norway Pinej
Rich In th<? Inn p-heal in tr vlrttM)S Oftttt Pina1;
combined with the loothtaflr and expectorant'"
properties of other pectoral herbs aadbiriti.
Hoarseness, Asthma, Broncrntii, Sore Thro.i-,
Croup and all THROAT, BRONCHIALi.nl
LUNG DISEASES. Obstinatecouihawhich
resist other remedies yield proai-iLly tj tois
pleasant piny syrup.
f-wes osOi *no boc. Kn aorrui
New Canadian Monthly.   Write at cmcejlll
(or partlcolara to P
{fame Hints to Children ll«iw toHoitxe and
I «.-»! Thrni.
Tho first cost of our bunny was eight
cents. We got her In summer, a tiny,
wee thing about a month old. Just
about that time thy following spring sho
was hopping about wltnh A family of
thirteen. If you wish to keep rabbits let
ua give you few hints. Hutches on tho
grass with win- bottoms should be moved
to a clean spot twice daily. A carrot or
a quartered swede turnip In the morning
and a handful of swtfet hay at night
should be put into the nick dally if grass
ifi not. plentiful. Hutohes In the yard
should fnoe the soutti. They should havo
a lean-to roof fixed up above them, with
a spout for the rain water to ran oft by.
The food for rftblbts In hutohes should be
dry and fresh and sweet, whether It be
greens or roots. Always lot green food be
dry and crisp; always wash roots and
slice them before giving to rabbits. Ue-
znomber to keep their hutohes clean, and
to make up their bed tho same as if you
wore going to live there yourselves. Food
them in the morning before having your
own breakfast, and always do It quietly
hy yonrsolf, Don't keep dogs or cats
near, don t bustle about or shout-, and be
sure to do nothing in a hurry.
How to I tnal :i I.iirl.it-. < -
A vory pretty effect may be produced
hy causing a oondlo to burn while almost
Immersed in water In a tumbler. The
experiment is very simple:—
insert a nail—not too heavy—in the
lower end of a short candle in ordor to
make • ha! end heavier, and place the
whole n a glass containing enough water
te reach the upper end of tho candle
without wetting the wick. At first
.thought nothing seems stranger than to
expect a candle to he entirely consumed
In snoh a situation: bill it is simple
enough, As thu candle burns it grows
lighter and lighter, and rises gradually
as St diminishes In length, so ihat the
lighted end always remains above the
surface of the water.
Moreover, the outside of tiio candle,
being cooler, will melt much more slowly than usual, ami the [tame will make a
little hollow In the center. This hollow
place also helps in making the candle
few, and preserves the wick from contact
With tbe water. Thus the candle will
Dontinne to burn in its strange candle-
jtick until the wick is entirely consumed,
tnan m ordinary aayugnc; cntoropnyn
grains make their appearance in the cor*
tex as far as tho endoderm, and even in
the medullary rays and pith. Tho palisade
tissue of the leaf is reduced, or entirely
disappears, and the epidermal cell walls
are thinner, The bark is less developed,
and the various 1 issues of the stem are less
differentiated. It is found as an invariable result that when electric light is
discontinuous, as, for example, when it. is
turned vn twelve bourn out of the twenty-
four, the effect ou vegetation is intermediate between that of normal sunlight and
that of a continuous electric light. Another singular phenomenon developed is
that Alnjne njants cultivated under a nnn.
tinuous electric'iijiTTr exhibit points of
structure identical with those of Arctic
plants, whtch are exposed to almost continuous suullght in tiie summer. Further
data on this subject have been collected
by Prof. A. Alol, of the Italian Botanical
Society, lie adduces evldcitto In favor of
his view that both terrestrial and atmospheric electricity exercises a favorable influence on tin germination ofseeds-union
the growth of plains, ami predicts that the
employment of electricity will be u most
important factor In tiie agriculture of tiie
ti Stmfili I inl.- Trlek Sow liuiulng
Kiuifctis City Society*.
A lawyer who has an ofllce in the New
York Life building was at a party the
other night where tho principal dtvortlso-
ment was tricks, one nf which recalled to
the lawyer's mind one he used to do when
lie was n schoolboy back in Maine. He
callod Tor a whisk broom ami then, laying ;.  nickel   in   the center of his open
ThfArtlUefHl Vhwii May »>•• Produced by
Simple Means
A yawn is either natural rn- artificial.
Among the natural are the tilings called
"gaps." which are uot trve yawns at all,
and must be carefully distinguished from
them. The nrttllclal article has a number
of purposes. Sometimes it is assumed as
asin hint to a visitor who stays too long,
or to the man who talks politics Iu the
presence of women, or talks shop, or tells
an old story, or makes himself a general
nuisance. Women have a habit of yawning in tl e fti < of the male iiidivkhitil who
talks enthusiastically to them about other
women. This is one of the most artilicial
of yawus. li bus not even the pretence of
; :-,. ity about it. The most essential tlif-
j fereuee between tbe real yawn and the os-
j sumed one Is that the former is contagious
and the latter is not. (hie has only to Indulge in this physical act unwittingly in a
I street car to see it pas'- up cue side and
down the other. The majority of those
} who follow tho first example dolt without
i noticing where the initiative came from,
or that "Ley are- following it. Oil the
other hand, an artilicial yawn begins and
ends with ihe person who perpetuates it.
it has none of tho subtle initiative of the
real article. Ncxl to being able to understand a yawn, tho most important social
accomplishment is to be able to stifle one.
This can he done only after long practice.
Where this art has not been attained to,
the best thin^ to do Is not to apologize.
Sueh an explanation is an insult to tho in-
t-elligencc of the person spoken to. A real,
soul felt yawn must be lived down ; it can
nol lie explained away. Say nothing and
your neighbor may obviate all trouble by
imitating you. Ln that cose one transgression   offsets  the   otjier.
The Newest P»-«iciis show Some Ita»lic*l
If the present tendencies of mode- may
be regarded as indications of what the
future will bring forth, then spring
sleeves will run to actual smallncss and
skirts be wider than ever.
A tea gown sleeve named for Miss Olga
Nethersole, the Knglish actress, wrinkles
over the arms like a loose glove and is -o
long that It covers the hand to the
knuckles. At the outslae seam cf this a
frill of lace or plaited chiffon is inserted
to hang and flutter like the fringe of an
Indian's legging.Tiie wrist portion is bell
shaped, which is a capital arrangement
for disguising a too thin hand, and the
floating luce at tho outside seam takes
away from the severity of the sleeve's
But Speaking of actresses, it is really
to their influence we owe the reform now
shown in scattered instances, and that
threatens soon to sway ail sleeves.
The evening gowns at present being
worn at the best theaters have, Inthe
majority of cases, short, puff sleeves
mode ed after thosu worn during tiie
Direotoire period and not a great deal
ln "The Notorious Mrs. Kbbsinith'"
Miss Nellson wears u- pair of sleeves that
may be said to have made the hit of tho
piece. They form par; ofn black spangled
gauze gown such as tho stage always associates with Wickedness, and are a
revelation as to what simple draping
may ilo for a beautiful arm.    The bodice
to which was attached n note expressing
the hope that they would aid in future
searches.—Ladles' Homo Journal,
Pftim, i fTerftd it to anyone in the party
who would sweep li off with the broom.
One ot the conditions was that tho
broom must be held straight up and the
t.oln swept with the ends ofthebrautn
'*oh| loan do that," said a young
woman, and she took the broom and
began to sweep at the coin. Tho harder
sho swept tbe tighter the coin stuck to
the open palm of tho lawyer's hand. I me
after another, each person at tho party
tried to -weep off the coll) and it was an
astonishing thing that the I room would
nor. budge it.
Since then the trick has spread, and at
•many every party some one shows the
whisk broom and nickel trick, and it
tauw-s no end of woudi v and amusement.
Any kind of sun.11 coin and any kind of
wl.uk broom are nl! that nre needed to
show the trick •■—Kansas City Star,
* wonder if the beys who lovo to walk
about on stills, know how necessary they
are in some places In France In the
sonthwest part, of thai country are largo
plains called the Lamias, which are often
flAided in part* with water, In crossing
these plains, where the water Ifl not generally deep enough for bouts, high Milts
are, worn most of the time hy both men
aud women, who thus are able in keep
their feet dry. Thev arc nut held by the
liamli like the -t.it- used by boyi, but
are llrtnly strapped to the side of the leg,
ami the person wearing I hem carries a
long pole In his hand, ta balance himself
and to -lid him tn walking.
Thi" pole usually litis a cross piece on
the upper end. like the head of n crutch.
and be putting it nl a slant on tho
gt -und behind him, the person on ttilts
nn sit down on It nnd rest, looking in
the position much like a tripod on a
three*legged stool. .Men and women may
often be seen In thai country perch oil in
'his wav upon high stilts, and knitting,
While they watch their sheep.   They Wear
their stilts ail day long, putting them on
when they go Ollt In ihe Illuming, and
taking Item off only when they return
homoflt night, Ko used are they to them
that they can travel Iniujt distances on
them without getting tirod; and as thoy
nre able to take very long steps, they ran
go much faster than it man on foot—fix,
Ktci-li-h'll • mul VetfelKllnn.
Further Investigations Into the effect of
tin elect ric light und electricity oil VUgO*
tat ion by M, Houulergo to show that n
'otiiiuuous    electric   light   promotes   tho
formation of chlorophyll, and brings about
at the same time, a simpler anatomical
structure of the leaves, under a contln-
tom electric light tiie distribution of the
Chlorophyll It) the tissues j«moreextended
The Old-Fashloned Heaven.
I: 'pears tor me, wife, that the doctrines
Which we now hear preadied an' sung,
' Ain't exae'ly ns we heard 'em
lu the days when we were young,
lliey are now not nigh so Import'nt,
Alt' the\ seem to have grown mo' kind—
is the world mo' hirii'd or better.
That it's leaving its hardness behind *■
Wedon'i heat* so much about heav'n,
Where t here'll be nu mo, any night:
\\ lien w it h k'm*n ti harps we'll be siugln'
'Hound the throne that is  great   and
I A'/ we don't hear much nv the mansions,
An't lie street uy shitthi' goF,
An1 how we'll all like ter the angels
Whi.u we're safe within the fol'.
A.' these ilnvs we hear but little
Fv that otficr old-fashioned place
! i...i wm made fur the fallen angels
An' the lost nv the human race,
T\   ;s Hre* f never rngln\
An' ■ In worm i hat dieth i ol ;
Vv tin wrath of i rod unfniliii*
In' the soul's uuehuugiu' lot,
Au'. wife, there'm a sight o' comfort
In that dear old-fashioned heav'n,
Win ie, within a glorious mansion,
Wi '11 be safe wit h oitr i iiiioK n -ev'n.
Kill i In n—but then, supposhr —
\. h .'a.:*. as- we km w. fruni i lad
'  U ns .i . Itlii wild : je.-t it litlli :
L      tii lovi . lis ti u well lo be bad .
, -■ . swaj I'rum his home he wauder'd,
An'we know not where he's stray iu\
l '■ ly t. now ' Imi i lie i ivcr is ours
■- when hi- arotind us wus pin*, In*—
( -   pposin'. I say. w hen up yoin i.
Svi' i sab \\ it li t he sl.\ u hi  ri  here,
think you II lie happy, mothi r,
ll you tiud < nr Jui k is not there i
| i ..;,i w -I u too well tei b'lii ve it :
All yo'iir thoughts would go alter the
. \\\ .
Thi la pin your hands would lie silent,
All the glory could nut makeyoii glad.
A n* there'll be no end ter ymu sorr r
1 'ti i. ■ mini '>' t lie one down below :
V-   "d i ither be there 3 ourielf, mother,
Thuti  tev  have him   there, don't   you
i.i (\\ '. — Shaler ' i. Ilillvcr.
Sou nil umt KtectrtcHy
A • -..'• > i ircumstatiee Illustrating tne
difference iu speed between sound, which
travels through the air, and electricity,
through wire as its guide and conductor,
oi tu ed In California. A certain powder
works bh w up iii a town while a railway
te 11. -np ■ operator wn\ telegraphing to
another In a neighboring town, .U the
Instant ol He occurrence he telegraphed
; he ni ws to the operator, who, sixty *■>■ ■-
omh .-.".' i tvai Is, heard : he report of the
I Kplo-dou. ib- km 'V [I had Ol IIHTud by
■'■.:» itsl i :t iniuute bo fore hu heard the
report *• md trin els ai about the rate of
■!■ '-<•,' mi und i^ l:lh eh trii Ly ae*
;■,-'' "■ " ■'■- in -ta saim short
pi ri id   I ti me.
i hi tin 1 i no i.i ,
A corneal   or met  ilng  hi ok. u  glass op
ihina Is mi   > by tl   - ilvl   ■  hatl it it ounce
• e,.,,, arabic .:. .i winegtns>f il ol boiling
ivatur an I adding ' uough ph stev ol  Paris
in maki n thick paste.   Appl.i  il   wi' h   a
., li ti ' lie edges ol   t hu  bn ken   part..
Hold ' liu pie ♦-  carefully ti getln r ntitll
lie   ! nn tit has hardened  suJllcii nl ly for
hem to adhure.    If the nrticli to \x mend«
3d is bn ken In several pieces, ».    not  at*
xuiipt to cement a second piece before the
Irsl i.a- thoroughly hardened.
■It l? a strict rule with the I ig trans-
Atlantic steamship companies that the
wife of the captain shall hot travel in
his ship. The company strongly prohibits
its captains from taking their wives
Aboard with them. Tho supposition is
that- if anything should happen to the
ship the captain, instead of attending to
his public duty, would devoto his attention
mainly, to tne safety of his wife. So
that-if the wife of a captain wants to go
abroad she must take passage in some
other vessel. This rule also holds In
m«;,Y uf ihe freight lives.
of this gown ic very dnoollette back and
front and is kept on the shoulders by a
narrow spangled band. Another .similar
to it encircles the bare arm jus; below the
elbow, like a bracelet, and through this,
underneath. ROBS a long scarf of the
spangled gauze, looping loosely between
ibe bracelet band and the nrmholo, where
It is sewed In, and banging from the
elbow in a long flowing end. The effect is
bizarre, of course, but In Miss Xcllson's
ease it is extremely becoming.
A few of the newest evening gowns
shown by the smart dressmakers are also
without sleeves, a graceful little fall of
lace or artificial flowers at the shoulder
taking their place Kven where there are
sleeves there is nn evident desire to shew
as much of a pretty arm as possible, To
accomplish this The bodice is often mr.de
very low at the shoulders, or Is held on
only with n strap, tie short puff sleeve
hanging away below ihe arm.
W Ut:  the   < liiWrcn.
The sheen of a small child must be \tvy
! carefully   chosen.    An    ill-fitting    boot
upon a tender foot  is the most frequent
source   of   corns,    bunions and enlarged
joints.   A chilli's shoes should have broad
soles of tho extension pattern and no heels
, nt  all.     They should bo made of soft bur
| not thin leather, and they should bo laced
rather than buttoned, as laced boots afford
more • import to tbe ankle.
Thi little maid had been IH ami had
struggled slowly through tiio early stages
of convalescence, She had taken "nourishing" broths and ''nourishing" jellies
until her soul was weary within her. One
morning -"ho eleotrliiod the family by
sitting boh upright in bed and sayingt
"1 want you all to take notice 1 am
not goinu . > take any more nourishment.
I'm hungry and 1 ivant my meals, and
not another mouth>ul of nourishment
will i eat."
If the baby is oven ordinarily healthy,
he should nave his daily airing, no mat*
ter wiiai thi state nf the weather. From
'he (..->: time ho is taken out, his con*
stitut-tonal should bo religiously observed.
To take hin out on some davs and keep
him at home on others is to pave the way
for nl; sorts of Illness, The child will bo
nine!;   more   liable   to   take cold who.*"
sept indoors on some days than the one
who g..« s i at every day.
Small girls wear fetching coats these
winter days, They are long, rippling
affairs which hang from a straight, narrow yoke. The enormous sleeves end in
deep curfs. and very wide collars -over
them half way to the waist, They are
made ol tho bouole clotl, in various
colors, and are trimmed indifferently
with fur or lace
She is a wise mother who allots to each
of her children a single bed. From the
rime tbo baby occupies the crib alone on
through childhood ho should have a bed
to him salt. S:eh pretty little affairs ol
white iron nnd brnsscomo for the nursery
ihat it is hard to resist them, even apart
from hygli nie oonsidc 'adorns.
I'pon entering by invitation, t\ friend's
parlor one evening lasl dune, I was puzzled by the sight of the numerous little
slips of paper that seemed to bo every-
when—pinned mi curtain, chair, mantel
lambrequin and cushions, ever table mid
piano cover, on picture frames and oil
briL'-a-b.ac the little slip- found lodgment, Presently the guest-, a/rived, and
our hostess informed ns thai n:i ea h -lip
was written one-quarter ol a familiar
quotation. Wo might pick up any slip
we wished and proceed to Und the rest
of the quotation of which it formed a
part. Wo wi ;-e allowed to ask for parts
of quotations,the one asked being obliged
to hand ovor the slip asitcd for if ho or
she happened to have it. At a given
signal we started and a lively time ensued,
tho object being to see who could match
tho greatest number of quotations, l
first picked Up a slip on which 1 read, "to
see ourselves," 1 found "Oul wad some
power-' in the hands of ono of the company. "The gtftlo uie us" had taken
refuge in the comer of a white picture
frame, and "as Ithers seo us" was nestled
comfortably in a fold of a portiero.
The prizes were appropriate, but inexpensive, thu most elaborate one being a
dainty booklet for the most successful
searcher, while the member of the company who had been least successful received u.vjuir of bteel-rlmmed scectacies.
Matrimonial  Ventures of Many peculiar
Kinds'jflml (fulled Menials to TiUei,
Old Sir Henry Parkes, who, at the ago
of SI, has just married a twenty-year old
chambermaid of his household, is by no
means ihe first titled Englishman to seek
a matrimonial alliance in the servants*
hall. As a rule, the bridegrouin,*; in such
cases have been of les- mature age than
Sir Henry, who iu the most distinguished
of all .Australian statesmen, and has repeatedly held the office of Pylme Minister
of Xew South Wales. Among the most
notable cases are those of Sir David Kvaus.
who was kliigbtcd during his term ol
office as Lord Mayor of Loudon, and whose
wife was a chambermaid at the Seven
Oaks Hotel in Kent, where he was in the
habit of stayiug on Ms fishing excursions.
Sir Henry Hawkins, the eminent Knglish
judge of the Supreme Court, married his
housemaid, while the second wife oi the
late Lord Iiramwcll had previously filled
the odice of cook in his establishment.
The late Karl Stamford married 1 * general son nnl. <■ negress.
Xor are such marriages as these confined
to tho Knglish aristocracy. The Dowager
ttuchess ol Kocln Com nuld, mother ol the
bead of thai illustrious house, was a
laundress, while the Dowager ■ 'ouutoss "f
Waldsteiu, \vhose -"U. now dead, married
Princess- Metternich's daughter Pasaline,
bud been a chambermaid in her husband's
Count Kng?ne Ktnsky married bis
laumlrcs-. and old Count Octave Klnsky,
whoso death at the age oi v. has just
taken place, disgusted his relatives by
wodding n wholly uneducated and oxcee t-
iugly objecth liable woman who had tilled
■■ he ;!■■ -i;..r'.. ti sc-.U'c' ■' nur.I ••.• ':■ sk-i . hen
After marrying him she rendered herself
so abhorrent to the people of t lie dist r?ct,
especially the peasantry, that i n two occasions she was shot at. The Count himself was placed under legal restraint a
couple (l yenrs ago 1 y hl« relatives to
prevent him from dissipating his vast
estates aud ruining 'ni*-' property in order
to satisfy the greed of his plebeian-born
Yet another nobleman who has married
a s, rvaut is Prince Gregory Btourd/.a, the
Roumanian general, senator and statesman. There are two instances of women
occui ying menial oositinus wedding
royatty, oi e being Knmna, t he morganatic
wife o; the late King Vi- tor Emmanuel of
Italy, who was a chambermaid at an inn
when she attracted bis attention. Tho
other was that of * ho consort of Deter the
Great, who was elevated to the digulty of
Empress of Hussin. and from whom is
•descended the present occupant of tbe
Still more numerous are the Instances of
women of rank seeking mates in the
kitchen or stable. Princess Adolpli Clil-
may is married to her English butler, who
who rejoiced in the name of Jobsou before
she purchased for him the Italian title of
count, and the Duke of Fife's sister, Lady
Ida Hope, first eloped with aud then married her groom. Princess Kiizabeth
Hnheuholie married one of her father's assistant gamekeepers just a few weeks lie-
fore giving birth to a child of which he
was tiie father.
Besides these there nre a good many
families of rank who are descended from
servant-. Sir Horace ttnmbold.tho British
envoy at Tho Hague, and one of t he most
distinguished diplomatists In the service
of Queen Victoria, is descended, from a
man who worked his way up from the
butlorshlp of one of the clubs iu Loudon tt)
the-post of Governor of Madras, audit
was for his services in the latter < opacity
that lie was created a baronet, the dignity
now home by Sir Horace. Then there is
the Marquise FTervey do Saint-Denis, one.
of the leader- of Parisian society, and an
intimate friend ot Comtesse do Pari-, who
is the daughter of uu Knglish groom
named Wanl. who, commencing as il
stable boy. ended by becoming the Prime
Minister of the Duko of Parma. Prince
Henry ol Battenbcrg's sister-in-law. the
now widowed Princess Alexander nf Bat*
ten berg and Countess of Hartencati, is tho
issue ol a union between the valet and the
cook oi old Field Marshal Count Martini.
The entire princely house of Murat is
descended from King Joachim of Naples,
who begin i life as n stable boy, while tiie
first Prince Kuiu-otV. rhe founder of tho
powerful Hiissiaii family of that name,
a: P 'eve :'i 1: -■ _rr;irM*--- l ,; i-evk"1! '•;!;■
he displayed as valet and barber to Czar
The Dukes of Marlborough are descended from n clmmliermaid, while the first
Duchess of Marlborough lived tn seo a
man who had been In her service blossom
into n Secretary of State mid a Post-
toaster*! Icueral.
The Care or Cows.
C. P, Goodrich has said that hundredi
of cows are destroyed every year in his
County by having their teats stepped
Upon by cows beside them, which is a
stmng argument for having a partition
between the cows in the darns Mr.
Woodward, In a recent article, referred to
his cow stalls as having a partition between every cow. It seems to nie no
more important topic has been referred
to. I have been milking and raring for
rows since I was old enough to squeeze
the milk out of an easy old cow. My
father ran an all-year round dairy for
many years of from tifty to sixty cows,
carrying his milk nine miles every
morning to the earn, which took it to New
York city, I wax a good milker before 1
was in my teens. Clean milkers, clean
cows and clean stables and the milk
properly cured for were requisites for the
milk to got to New York city in first
class shape. But nl all the device- I like.
a st ill with a partition bowteeti the cows
is the best—a box -tall ,'ust tho length of
tho cow, and from three and a fourth to
throe and a half feot wide, with a rope
drawn behind to keep each cow 111 her
place. The platform can bo kept clean
with a splint broom. A cow can lie with
her head by her side and go to sleep. She
has no desire to hack into the gutter and
bring back tilth. In being released, the
partition swings and she can have the
Stable without soiling a foot. In the
stocks a oow could be kept protty clean
if her platform just exactly titled her
length. But oh, the tall! How often
the tongs were needed to lift it to the tail
holder! A carload of stalls were taken
by farmers about here just the other day.
which means that hundreds of milch OOWs
will leavo their winter quarors next
spring with no manure plastered on
them. It took but about ft year to convert- the dairymen of this country to the
mercy of dehorning, although the first
ones who had them cut(tWas the second)
had to hide for awhile. Dr. Home did
the cutting, and he Is now the popular
superintendent of our Humane Society,
EUortf* to Ob tn in the Truth uf the [Cerent
Storj vi Dr. Sanseu's Disuovury*
Every possible effort is being made by
the Hoyal 'ieopraphioal Society to ascertain if the story that Dr. Nansen, the
Aretlo explorer, has been heard from is
true, and, in addition, tbe Russian and
Swedish Governments have taken active
steps to find out the facts in the case.
The reported discovery by Dr. Nansen of
the North Pole is much discussed In the
press, both in London and* according to
foreign telegrams, elsewhere, and the
general opinion seems to be somewhat
sceptical,without denying The possibility
of the truth of the report. 13ut this report is held to at least indicate that Dr.
Nansen is safe, and is returning. The
Koyal Geographical Society's officers
consider it strange that they should have
received no word, as Dr. Nansen promised
that the society should have the very first
news, and they have as yet received
nothing, The Times prints various conjectures on the subject,and concludes that
If the news is true, Dr. Nansen has accomplished the task more rapidly than
*vas expected..
A despatch to the Times from St
I'eter-L :rg says: "Xo confirmation has
hewn received of the news that Dr.
Nansen has discovered l he North Dole
and is returning to civilization. If he is
returning his own despatches are likely
-o arrive beofre any onswer is available
to enquiries to such wild regions, devoid
.is they are of telegraph or other meant
of rogulari omm nnlcation."
Captain Wiggins thinks ihat if it is
true that   Nansen is returning he must
have abandoned his ship. This observer
regards the report regarding Nansen as
not impossible*
The Dally News has an interview on
the subject with Mr. Clements H. Mark-
hum, president of the Hoyal Geographical
s-ociety. who did not think that it was
impossible that Dr. Nansen had reached
the Pole, but thought the absence of detail was strongly against rhe truth of the
The news from Dr, Nansen which was
telegraphed here from Irkuisk, Siberia,
was received there from 1st Yaeht, at
the mouth of the Yann river.
Gen.Greely regards the fact that the report failed to state Dr. Nansen's location
when heard from as a \K>vy suspicious
circumstance. General i ireely believes
that Nansen's Idea as to the way in which
to reneh the Pole is utterly Impracticable.
Nansen held that by getting into the
Jean net to otirrent he would bo carried
north to the Pole and then across It smith
into warmer waters again. Nansen's
belief In tho existence of such n current
was bused upon the tin el ing of what
claimed to be relics of the Jennctte expedition, and on ft theory he conceived
based on the direction of the currents of
the air. -aencral "ireely says tiie aliased
relics have nevi r been an then tii ally
proven to have been those of the Jennneite
expedition. Cpon this flimsy foundation,
!.•'•:: f.pal ■.■r,.'.'.;v said, the Ifram expedition
stalled. He <itoi not believe thnt the
party has reached the Pole, but iu view
of lhe length of time which has r!n* •■ d
since it commenced its voyage, he thinks
it haseither rerlshed or Is In great danger,
Kvldently this u tbe belief ofthe Norwegian Government, for he says It I as
r,rejected an expedition to go to Nansen's
Ci ts the Trunk Slut t'nder Itie Vrrj   N""f
ot itis irgtu-l ,m<    l.uinliHily.
•■While there is ra Ither wealth noi fame
lu my occupation.'' said ti young man
who lives by his wits. °I don': l:i. w - .
any calling which ilemands s i m n i. in-
senility. 1 am not hnn^tfui when [say
,' am rather fertile In expedients and
•onio. of my trkfcs havi seemed so clevei
v. me 0:;'.t Dm not nthamc;! to admit I'm
■ u:..e'.Thnt stuck en myself.
"Let me tell yon how I . nre b it iml of
a pretty tight plate, I was living In a
boarding house In Veti Twelfth street,
the landlady ol Which wa- a widow.
AiiTongI) n.anv way* I ingratiated myself
into her good graces, ami whin things
.'ain't run my way 1 wns able tn 'hang'
Iter up. At i be time uf which Pm speak-
inn I'll had a long tun id hard Ittck which
'eft me in her debt considerably over a
hut.dreii. A friend of mine offered me
half of his room until my luck changed,
sud as the widow had grown les* attentive to my wants in din t proportli n tu
the size ol my hill I determined to ai oopt
his offer. Somehow or other the widow
surmised toy utile plan and aecuBod me
uf Inti titling to olope with my trunk at
tin firr-t favorable opportunity.
- '1 as-ore you. inailiim.' said I. that
run uru mistaken, On the mntrary, l
have obtained for you another boarder, a
friend of mine, who will ulltt.' my room
with me. I expect his trunk here any
"This smoothed matters over for the
time, and that same afternoon, when the
si mints were nut, and there was no one
home but tho widow and myself, and she
was entertaining *• friend In the second
lloor front l sprang my Utile scheme.
Hastily packing Up my worldly posses-
sions I put my trunk on my back and
proceeded as noiselessly as 1 eou'd down
the stairs. I walked down backwards,
not because that was easier, but because I
was ingenious, as 1 have told you. Ii
was good that 1 did so, for on the second
lauding i unfortunately inndo a noise
that brought tbe landlady tn the door. I
Iintnedlately began to walk upstairs
again, and. as i was turned the right
Wiiy, she never tumbled to the gune.
" 'oh, that's your friend's trunk you're
bringing In,' she said. 'Those ex press men
are so disobliging, I'm tarry none of the
girl-are at home to help you."
"1 waited until she Went hock to her
friend and then 1 started down once
more. \s i safely peised tbedudrl heard
the landlady say io her friend:
" 'It Was all right, my dear, I thought
he was trying to monk out with his things,
Hut it was  ust us he had said about bis
friend's trunk.    Be   was   carriyng It up
stairs.' "
Some physiologists assert that the olfactory nerves are destitute of the power of
sensation, otherwise than to detect odors.
The membranes covering the interior of
tho nostrils are of two kinds, the schneid-
erian, or lower, and the olfactory, or upper.
The movements of tlte nose and the
muscles which cluster around il generally
impart a disagreeable expression to the
The external prominence of the nose iu
man is due to i he arrangement and formation of the cartilages attached to lhe
nasal bones.
The Roman nose whs so called from tho
fact that it first came Into prominence as
a characteristic of tiie conquerors of the
Most wild animals are font! of perfume.
I.ions and t Igers In capl ivity lake a special
delight in odors, such as those of roses
and violets.
In many Greek portrait busts the none
descends straight from the forehead, without any Intermediate cavity or mark of
Among t Ijc Mongolians,Indiaus and Ne-
gri ■ s, tho internal cavil les of the nose are
more largelv developed than among tho
l ■anca-ians.
The Semitic nose is not, an generally
supposed, peculiar to 1 lobrews, The same
type oi nose is possessed by several nations
of the Orient.
The nostrils of all birds are located on
the back of the bill, and in most, birds are
so protected by hairs or feathers as to be
almost '.Tivi-;file.
Only the three highest classes of animals
have what ma j properly be called a nose.
All tiie rest havo simply a breathing and
smelling apparatus.
The lower part of the uo-e does not perceive the set.-a; jon of smell ; the power of
perceiving odors resides in the upper part
of the nasal cavity,
Atllla, the Hun, had a nose much larger
than was common among his people, it
was. however, of the snub variety, the
nostrils opening directly forward.
Tho mole's sense of smell is very keen*
As he has no eyes worth mentioning, ho
must depend on his nose to inform him of
tho whereabouts of his prey.
h is u singular fact that dog-; dislike
most odors that aro disagreeable or offensive to man. The smell of ammonia, for
example will drive a dog almost wild.
"Nosology" is not, as some might suppose, the -cicuce ot noses. The term comes
from two iireek word-- and signifies the
sclent Ifli classification of diseases.
The tapir's snout is an extension of his
nose. This singular animal is regarded
by some naturalists as the intermediate
class between the elephant and the pig.
The Chinese uose is of a different type
from t he Japanese. Tiie Japanese big
nose showed its superiority to the Chinese
snub during the late war in Eastern Asia.
Alexander the Great bad a Btraight nose.
It was rather more prominent tlian usual,
aud toward the latter part of his short
life became red from his dissipated habits.
There are ducts leading from the corners of the eye !o the nasal cavities, |,y
which the tears are carried away. People
wtio are crying always blow their noses.
Ii Is -aid that Napoleon, when he needed
a man for a sudden emergency, generally
chose a soldier with a good Horn an nose.
He was seldom deceived in his choice of
A lover, don', be too fund.
A husband, don't be miserly, nor flirt
with liberty,
A wife, don't bo extravagant, nor too
exacting, nor unkindly censorious.
A mother, don't be too lenient,
A father, don'i be too harsh,
A son ordftUghtor, don't be ashamed of
your parentage.
A pastor don't be too dlglllfled, nor too
coldly reserved.
A church member, don't be hypercritical of tho pulpit
\n employer, don't be afraid of overpaying.
An employe, don't be afraid of overworking.
A dressmaker, don't delay your work.
A customer, don't delay your pay.
As a -ah-man, don't overrate your
A- a purchaser, don't underrate your
As a friend, don't be cautious.
A- a foe. don't be unmerciful.
As a tender, be patient; if a borrower, bt
If you are smart, don't lie vain; if dull,
don't talk incessantly.
If poor, don't be envious or SUSpicloUSf
if rich, don't be heart less.
As a giver, don't parade ; as a recipient^
don't be ungrateful.
\s a teacher, avoid Indifference; if a
pupil, lie obedient.
If a critic, don't be unjust,
il anything, ilon't bo hypocritical.
Themis onij one wooden church build"
tug in Kngland to-day- a chapel, guarded
b\ atoworovei two hundred years old, in
tirei nsted Park, neni < tugar.
Kmpfi'or William II. of ■•ermany has
en ugh I the h cj li t> v«r. Put he w ,11 not
ride in public \ private track is being
uinde read) for his iplna at Potsdam.
In Russian Poland at] train- musi stop
at overy station mill tbe police (oi gen*
darmcrie) captain ol the place gives permission for it- ih pnrture.
In a tavern at Leer. Holland, n young
fool lau ly •'■ • ■ ■ -' nts 11 .-■ he could cm a
thousand Hit-..' oni sitting. The Hie*
were caught aud put in a beer [floss, and
then he won,
ll i- little known, even among tho
Preiiohmen,thai the anti-anarchism law
passed lu Prance III ISO'J imposes capital
punish tut nt for tin di posit « ttli criminal
.i u |p ,.' ,.\; ; gives in an) public or private pia... even when no explosion results.
A Stuttgart i-H".' sajfs that Bismarck
weighs him* f every day, ami has don-- so
for many year-, lie is still ft man of great
wi Iglit, •'!;■ ■ •"■ ■■" heavy as he wa- ll fleet]
year-, ago, It htli ho tipped the scalos at
,i i pounds: in w Ills weight la 903 pouude.
The House nl Parliament iu London is
partly lighted by 40,tKW electric lamps,
which nam tier is being constantly iu-
i p..I-.,; i' : \ vxp I'ienced * lectrlciaus
nre cm] • < ■ ■ ■ system in order,
Hut then ■ ■ II ugm I ol uvt I* vi'J,0U0
; 11 j i   i I
3.-Vt%v*i*zirv*aii*r.VY*i!n, wan *'-■*■■
nv thi-:
E. C. IlKiitn, Edi.toraud Manager.
Bastion Street, Nanauno, It. c.
(Tbe fflanafmo (Bail XtS11't0 be in comrnission
In an exhaustive speecli replete
with details and figures he showed
lhe necessity for the Quadra being
in permanent service for the purposes of perfecting the very incomplete coast surveys, the locating of
new fishing grounds, protecting the
fishing grounds from United States
six months
"        Three mont
Ivered by oitrnor..
. .yOo, per month
MILITIA defense is h. c.
poachers, and collecting license fees
from tin different fishing canneries
and establishments   up and down
Routes of tho Mam. nre spoclaUyroqiiostofl   th(,  00ast      Jn rep1y g*r Mactenzie
to uxiiniluo its iidverti80*iicnt8 before rank....
purchases.   Observation anil experience tmve   Howell said:
demoiiBtratod Una It Is tho iietlvo, wiite-awako
bustnoits iiiiiii or firm who advertfses thai le tho
mosl aoi moilating, sells tho choapest  and
deals tho mosl lloerally In overy way with pat
runs. Tho advertisements of tho principal deal-
its .if Nnniiliim appear in the columns **f ibis
papor.    Deal with thorn, ivatcl ■ poluni'is
alosoly for bargains, and bowareot tho tricky,
trusliv. traveltna transeut traders,
I can assure the honorable gentleman thai his representations will
Island Railways.
receive the best consideration of the
Government with n view of not only
extending the time in which that
vessel shall be in commission, but
of putting a much faster and more
valuable vessel on the route. The
captain of the Quadra has been in-
strucled to look after the interests
of the fisheries, and I know that the
!captain tried to impress on me the
Xow that the construction of the absolute necessity of having a small
Hritish Pacific is not a matter of cannon by which he could frighten
immediate possibility, it is desir- the poachers from our coasts,
able that railway extension on the lf ••■■' British Columbia, members
Island should be considered in other in the House of Commons would
connections. It will generally be conceive that they had some duties
conceded that a railway through *" perform lor the Province apart
the upper pari of the Island would fl'*"» t*-eir being on hana l(* vot<- ,lt
open up a valuable tract of agri- *■"' dictation of the Government,
cultural land now practically inac- mucn g°od '"'J-'1'1 *'es,-*lt- As i( *s-
cessible. It would also disclose the British Columbi i is never thought
great mineral wealth of the interior  llf   "'•"-'■•   l'1*1-11*'  expenditures  are
of the Island  and otherwise miliar considered. „^
to  the   publio   our  unparallelet
natural resources.
The advantages that would accrue to this city from the construction of such a line would he tremendous, especially if the northern
As Australia is ihe originator of
various political and economic reforms that have been adopted by
other countries, their system of mining lhe precious metals i» worthy of
extension could be arranged to go consideration.   Under their system
, r aii. ii xi . the miner himself is a shareholder
by way of Alberni.   At the present •   ,, , -   , , ,    ,
1 in the property his labor :s devel-
time this city is threatened  by the op'ng) aml •„  -ts working, inspires
complete loss of the Alberni trade, the confidence of investors.   Golcl-
which is becoming more and nunc  mining is carried on more for the
alienated to Victoria. The business interests of the miners themselves
,       ... . .        .  . ,than is the case in the gold regions
from that promising mining centre of r.uiad.i ,im, (|ie (Jn*jted S|;||(,s
would alone pul new hie into our The miners and residents generally
city if it could be made completely ! have and lake an active part in the
tributary; and besides this, if the I buying and selling of stocks.  Kach
districl has ils local mining bureau
ir stock  board, controlled and influenced   by  actual   conditions as
be brought to focus here, the result they vary during the daily develop-
trade of  a developed  and develop.
ing district to the north could also
would be that Nanaimo would
stem has proven that
come the most thriving city in the it is more profitable for the many
Pj.ovinoo 'actually interested  in the mining
.»...'..      .   , ,   .   ,,    business,    In the principal mining
Might  it  not be an admirable centre8 8ale8 are ^ade £ goid.mln!
move on the pari of our city fathers jDg stock twice a day, the first call
anil Hoard of  Trade and local  re- being from half-past 10 to 11 inthe
preservatives to combine their wi- forenoon and the second from half-
dom and seek the consummation of P?"8*,7 l" 8.°'oloo*f '" 'he evening.
, . ., . At these times those forming the
some scheme for railway extension representative portion of the town
on the island such as would pro- meet and sell or buy as they listen
duce the benefits thai would un- to the exploration.- and reports of
doubtedly resull and at the same superintendents, owners or opera-
time be matured without either lives of the various properties. The
, ,. . , . . largest commercial centers like Mel-
compromising thefinancial position bourne and Sydney have their gold-
of the country or imperiling the mining bureaus also, but they sim-
publio heritage
would not involve such a stupen-
his  movement! ply echo the bona fide conditions
proclaimed by the bureaus in the
dous amount of work as might be HpT' mini,n« re^ons'.     ,   .
,       ,.   ,    , , the operatives share in the inter-
supposed at first glance: because, egt8 of tj,e n , and they, together
in the first place, the Dominion with the other residents of there-
Government is practically bound gion, control enough slock iu tInto donate $3200 a mile, anil besides aggregate to have n superintendent
7 j..;  *i.„:». ..!.,.;„,.      ti ii : .  ji...i
this no doubt the local legislature!",
could be induced to make a reason
able grant.
lenee is inspired in the intending;
ERMANENT DSE FOR THE QDADIU.   | investor, who, by means of the daily
discussions and subsequent printed
f their choice.    The result is that
immediate and reliable information
lis publicly available regarding the
daily prospects of the mine. Confi-
The Times correspondent at Ot
tawa writes as follows:
Senator Mclnnes is doing gooi
work in Parliament for the I'n-v
ince of British Columbia,   lie i
reports, is able to gel at the true
condition of things. The system of
local co-operative management of
:stock boards is the history of the
mining history in Australia, and it
about the only representative from "*"^onemore tnan ;iii elsetomake
the Province who is doing anything, mining successful to the many in-
It was supposed thai when Lieut.- •erMtea ■ls opposed to the few tnag-
dol. Prior became o controller, if nnte**- ','1"' output from many of
nol a "full-Hedged'' minister, he the mines is enormous. The large
Would have shown some services for
the office.    So far he has  f.iile,.
respond in Parliament when anv- ''"' W:'.v •• is conducted tends to
thing of importance regarding the maintain tbe industry and permits
inland revenue came up.  The same ",'" new, developments when they are
the mines is enormous,
number of people interested in the
01 business and  having confidence iu
thing has happened as  far as the
[lampion Court Palace is now divided Into trl suites of apartments,
the accommodation of which varies
committee work is concerned. In
these instances Mr. Wood, the ex-
Controller of inland   Revenue, has
had to attend to  the duties which i , ,
ought, to have been done by the gal- VMy ""'c1', "' 81Ze' H'""e, btmnB fla
lant colonel. The excuse given by ma7 aa 40,r?om^, Jl!''se WT1"
Col. Prior in one instance was that m'", ar° sole|y at the ^we" s d>8-
he was not conversant with the very ' '"'7"' ""I1 "* "fln" f,m,('(   to. ,he
much threshed-outquestion of grain wlrlo*8°f officers or those who have
standards, and his friends say that 8emd th<5 "'"'"■...
in another instance he was seeing a ! At ■-,„ ,.,,, ,„,.„,. ~, „,„ Tl.,„,(,s
few military ineli around Al any Council of San Francisco the dele-
rate, none of the British < olurabia gate fl,,m the Typographical Union
members, Including the Control er, U.eponed that jfc* ,/,,, advent of
have been heard so far this session type-setting machines in that city, I
ifting UP their voices  ,„   behalf of.; ;■,,„    .illl(,,.s ,|;|(, ,,„„„ „„.„„,„ „ut ft j
the rovince. I s therefore pleas- ■ Wl)r, Inanv ()f whom deBtltute,
Ing to see that British Columbia is I .      <to
not entirely forgotten, and is not A general, simultaneous census |
not likely to he when such a man of the world for the year 1900 is!
as Senator Midlines is here. A few asked for by the International Sta-1
days ago the senator called Ihe at- tistical Institute. This can be done I
tentlon of the Senate to the Quadra [ by slight modifications in the time
being only in commission for a lew of taking their census by different
weeks in the year.   He maintained I countrios, .j
In our last issue we referred to
the fact of Senator Mclnnes calling
the attention of the Senate to the
importance of re-establishing a militia company at Nanaimo. Following will be found the proceedings
in this connection. Senator Mclnnes said:
Until three years ago the city of
Nanaimo had a very good and efficient rifle company, which contained some of the best rifle shots
probably in the Dominion of Canada. J understand the reason why
it was disbanded was owing to the
Btrong views held by the late Major
(it ral Herbert, commanding the
imilitia of Canada, who considered
thai in ihe Pacific Pravince there
should be no rifle companies, but
thai tiny should lie all artillery
companies. Whether I hat statement
is correct or not, I draw the attention of the house to the fact that at
the present time there is no military organization of any kind in
the city of Nanaimo, although 1
believe several efforts have been
made to reorganize the old one.
For what reason they have uot been
successful 1 am not prepared to say
at tho present time. 1 may mention in connection with this question that the electoral district of
Vancouver, which comprises nearly
the whole Island of Vancouver aud
the adjacent islands with the exception of the city of \ ictoria and a
few miles surrounding the city,contains all the productive coal mines
of ihe province, and- with the exception of the Union mines, which
are situated in the northern portion
of tiie district—all the mines arein
or in ihe immediate vicinity of the
city of Nanaimo, from which nearly
all tiie coal is shipped to ihe different portions of the Province and
most of the Pacific coast in the
United Slates. Owing to the superior quality of that coal, it has
forced its way, notwithstanding the
heavy duty il has to meet entering
into ihe United States, into every
port on ihe Pacific coast, and I am
credibly informed lhe mines pay
handsome dividends to the different
companies thai are engaged in that
important and profitable industry.
1 may also slate thai the navy, the
Canadian Pacific Railway steamship lines, the Canadian-Australian
steamship line, and in fact nearly
all tne important steamship companies get all their coal at or from
Nanaimo. I draw the attention of
the house to the fact that, in the
event of any complication with Russia or tiny other foreign power, it
would be of the greatest importance
to have the coal-shipping port of
Nanaimo protected, not only by the
navy, but also by a large and efficient local military force. The importance of protecting our coal supply cannot be over estimated. There
are three places in the Pacific Province that, in my judgment,ought lo
be protected at any cost and made
as impregnable as possible- -namely, Esquimalt, Nanaimo and Vancouver, the western terminus of the
Canadian Pacific Railway. The city
of Nanaimo itself, ii is true, is nol
a very large place. It has a population of over 6000 inhabitants, and
in all probability will grow much
faster in thu near future than it has
in the past. Within a radius of six
or seven miles of the city itself we
have a population of 12,i)U(), ami
all lhe productive coal mines are
within tliat area. In thai population, composed very largely of hardy
and intelligent coal miners, you will
find as good material out of which
to form an efficient militia organization as is to be found anywhere
in this or any other country. 1 may
also state that, if this company i.-
formed' and 1 have every reason
lo believe thai   it will   be, ir nu  lhe
patriotic spirit thai has actuated
our worthy premier and the Minister  of  .Militia, who   has   a   seal   in
this house immediate steps will be
taken inward establishing a military organization there; and when
that is done, I hope we will see that
a suitable drill hall is erected to enable the volunteers to drill and to
store away ti'eir rifles, their clothing and munitions of war. 1 hope
the honorable Minister of Militia
will take this into his favorable
consideration and not only promise
to have it done, and that al an
early drte, but see that it is done,
and the best evidence he can give
that it wiil he done is to place a
sufficient sum in the supplementary estimates for that purpose.
Hon. Mb. M.M'ho.vai.I) (B. C.)—
As far as the honorable gentleman
has gone in his speech about the
Province, I think he is perfectly
right; but as a good general be
should have gone further than the
city of Nanaimo. When tho honorable Premier vi ited our Province
he traveled as far as Seymour Narrows, and that is one of the back
doors by which an enemy could
enter British Columbia, If that
door were closed with a battery,
you could cut off all communication that. way. Then, at the south
end of Vancouver Island, on the
Straits of San Juan de Fuca, is the.
other door.    Fortify that end, and
I you close both doors and   protect,
not only Nanaimo and Vancouver,
but all the inhabited coast of British Columbia.    That is a most important thing to do in a case of war
with   Russia—tu  guard  these two
communications, one by the Straits
of Fuca at Victoria, and on the east
side at Seymour Narrows, which is
about two miles wide; and by having a strong battery there you could
keep out any enemy and any num-
I her  of ships, and  with  these two
I avenues closed Vancouver, Nanaimo and all lhe other settled parts
| of the country would be protected.
llo.v. Sin Mackenzie Boweli.
; The subject brought under the notice of the Senate by the honorable
gentleman from New Westminster
and the remarks made by the honorable member from Victoria are,
as we all know, of a very important I
and  grave character.    .Military or-1
ganization in all countries is an important  duty devolving  upon the
administration.    We ail know that
the events which  have transpired
within   the  last two months have'
induced   the  Government to askj
Parliament  for   a   loan   of   somej
| $3,000,000 for the purpose of arming thu volunteer force and to put
the country in as efficient state of
defense as that amount will enable,
them to accomplish, With reference,
to the particular point to which the'
hon. gentleman has called the  al-
tion   of   the   house—Nanaimo,    1
might inform him  that there has
been a company of volunteers there j
and that it was abandoned on the
recommendation of the Major Gen-
eral for reason that the commander,
or captain, of the company had removed to  the United  Slates, and
still further,  on   inquiries   being
made, it was found that the principal reason why it  has not been reorganized is the fact that a gentleman could not be obtained prepared
to take the responsibilities attending the organization and management of any company.   The question, however, has   not   been overlooked by lhe department or  the
Government, and every step will be
taken that they deem must advisable in the premises.   Speaking as a
layman, not as a military man, although I have iiad some little voltiu-
leer experience, 1 cannot fail to recognize the force of the remarks of I
tiie hou. gentleman   from Victoria
with reference lo  a battery at Seymour Narrows,  which   is  a   place|
very diihcull lo navigate  ai   most
times.    I have seen  steamers slick
in the current and  remain there in
a stale of vibration for more than a
half an hour before they could move
on.   They have to lake special peri-1
ods of the title in order '.a navigate I
with safety, but there are vessels of ir*-
sufficient strength to overcome the -J
tide at all periods.    We  all   know  (
that  a   large amount of  money is
now being spent jointly by ihe Imperial   anil   the Canadian Governments  ai Esquimalt, the defences
there being such as not only tu justify the expenditure, but tu lead to the
conclusion tiiat they are constructing very strong works  and  everything  necessary to protect Victoria
and the important harbor of F.*i'iii-j{
mall.   I can assure the hon. gentle-
tleman and ihe house that the Government have not lost sight of the
important   subject    which    he   has
brought under our notice, and ihat
everything will be done  to accomplish   the  object   lie   has   in view.
While this is tiie usual way of attempting to extract from tiie Government information  as   to their
policy on any question, I  can only
give  the  same answer that   I  have
always given under such circumstances—when  the estimates come
down,   they will   speak   for  themselves.
In reply to Hon, Mr. Maudonald, Pre-
In order to assist the unemployed, Situations Wanted and
Situations Vacant will be advertised in "The Mail" free of charge.
k LARGE CONSIGNMENT of Full Goods from
-**■*■ Glasgow—IMPORTED DIRECT.
Also a consignment of famous Wiist of England
Cloth which are open for inspection. This consignment undoubtedly comprise the best material
•that has ever been imported to this city. We
guarantee the latest style in suits in every detail,
and the lit exact. :::::::::::
Our reputation continues to take the lend over all
other estttblisments.    ::::::::::
Merchant Tailor,
Commercial Street.
Eertect Fitting
Shirt Waist:
All the   :   :   :
Latest Styles,
:   :   :   Colors, Etc.
The above Cut is a Perfect Sample.
Prices:       $1.25,      $1.50,      $1.75.
Men's Cambric Shirts, just arrived.
The Latest Styles und Trices.
Ready Made Clothing Just to Hand.
Call Early for Rest Choice.
mier linuell BtiltOil tiio War (llliir hail
iiiikIi surveys, and observations at Seymour Narrows both as to navigation and
fortification j an,I Hon. Mr, Mclnnes
Btntud he hu,I heard Indirectly from an
uili prof one of the wan ships In B. 0,
wiilers that it was tho In ton tion to have
Borne fortifications built al Seymour
Narrows at no distant day; after which
the debate was adjourned.
A dispatch from Washington says
that " the establishment of a large
military post al some point on Puget
Sound opposite the British naval
station on Vancouver Island is now
under consideration by the War
Department and will be undertaken
within tbe next few months. Gen.
Merrill has come to Washington at
the direction of Secretary Lamont
to consult with the authorities regarding the most advantageous locality for the post."
The little King of Spain had for
his lesson tbe other day the mottoes
of the different European countries.
He got as far as England, and
promptly replied " Dieu et Mon
Droit," and then abruptly asked,
"What  is tbe motto of America?"
Count 'A , who happened to be
in the room at the time, answered
"Dieu et Mon roc."
 - <«» ■
Sir Oliver Mowat says it is clear,
as he understands the facts, the present Dominion Government expires
on April 26th.
Opposite Gibson Block* Commercial St.
Apt for tiie Dominion IJnilif and Loan Association,
Subscribed Capital 82,250,000.
No entrance fees unless loans are acoepted,   Money advanced
within 20 days of application.   All  terms and  agreements aro in black und white, so you can understand them.
Insurance  Companies.
Royal, Queen,
London and Lancashire,      London and Canadian,
Quebec of Ontario.
THE MAIL, the People's Paper, $2 a Tear
Will He Be, Allowed to Jeopard
Commercial Street?
He Proposes to Erect a Building to
tiio Sidewalk Limit—Plan for
Iron Bridge Adopted.
A full board was present nt the C'oun-
oil meeting on Monday evening, when
the following business waa transacted:
Prom Hon. .1. II. Turner, in reply to
the city in reference to the lease uf the
old court house and jail, which he hail
much pleasure to state had been arranged
with Mr. Jas, McGregor for (BO a year.
Received mul filed and a suitable reply
ordered forwarded to the Premier,
From 0. McOuli'heoii, asking leave to
dump earth from an excavation he was
making on to the street. Referred to the
Street committee with power to aet.
From J. II. Good, protesting against
paying a retail li<-eust' in addition to an
auctioneer's license, and contending that
it was contrary to the laws in Victoria
and Vancouver.
From II. Devlin, complaining i f an
open drain on Needham street that was
detrimental to health. Referred to the
Street committee for report.
From 10. Shakespeare, complaining
that the street in front of his properly
was in n dilapidated condition and was
breaking down his fence. Followed the
same course.
From D. Moffat, askirtg that it drain
be put in to carry the stagnant water
off Lubbock square, as he could not rent
his property otherwise, Laid over for
From Yiirwoiul & Young, asking thai
the line in the case of P. Weigle be refunded, as, they, went on to show, Mr.
Welgle had been unjustly dealt with in
this matter.   Laid over for discussion,
From F. Rowbottom, asking permission io erect three posts on Farquhar
and Ximl street, to enable him to put
up a screen to protect the windows of
his store, Referred lo .Street commutes
with puwer to act.
From l'. 0. MuKenzto, petitioning the
Council  to prohibit  a  frame   building
consequently Mr. McKenzie's contention
was erroneous.
Aid. Bradley suid they had never bad
expert evidence as called for under the
by-law, and he was under the impression that the workings wcie tilled in
lone ago.
Aid. Sinclair did not think it wus right
for this Council to ignore the permission
grunted by lust year's Council.
On motion the papers in connection
with the permission referred to by Aid.
Sinclair were produced und rend by the
Aid. Wilson said, according to the
plans, there were no pillars left—it was
all worked out.
Aid. Bradley asked if this Council were
Another Richmond in the Coal Field
Who Threatens a Rig Cut.
II. \V. McNeill, formerly western manager of the Oregon Improvement Company, and with bis brothers owner of
seven large coal mines in different parts
of the country, was in San Francisco
lust week, and told a Cull reporter that
lie bud recently developed n large coal
mine "only live days distant from San
Francisco," unit is thinking seriously of
shipping coal to that city. "If I do,"
lie said, "you may look out for a big
cut in prices." Mr. McNeill is u man
with whom developing coal mines and
building railroads has been a life busi-
bouud to this particular transaution by „css. His home is at Oakland, Iowa.
laBt year's Council in view of the fact He also bought some time since the ex-
that the estate did not take advantage tensive coal mines at Banff, B.C. "This
of ii when the permission wus granted, property consists of about 10,000 acres
Mayor Davison did riot think they were, |0f coal lands at the Canadian Pacific
but that they could  undo it  if  it  were
crossing of the Rocky Mountains," said
necessary. I j|r. McNeill.  "We have been operating
Aid. Bradley objected to a frame build- them live years. They are 500 miles from
ing of Iwo stories being erected  ill this ! tidewater."   The coal is true anthracite,
particular purl of the city, us he < sid- ,u„i because of this is admitted free of
ered it dangerous. | duty into the United States.   Our mar-
Aid.   Sinclair   failed  to see  how the  kef is from Winnipeg to Vancouver. We
Council could follow any other course have a crosscut tunnel In now showing
than to acknowledge the transaction uf
the previous Council in the matter. lie
instanced the case of A. R. Johnston &
fully 100 feet of anthracite
Mr. McNeill is developing other mines
In different sections.   He is largely In-
Co., who were given permission to build I terested   in   tho Victoria Consolidated
wlthoiu again having to ask permission | (iold Mining Company of Cariboo, B, C.
The evidence produced
and  the   permission
of this O.iiincil
wus convincin
should be granted,
Aid, Wilson contended Unit Aid. Sinclair went too far, and read thu by-law
relating to the subject. He did not
think, however, they could do anything
else lluin proceed with the work.
Aid. Morton suid there was 110 doubt
the land hud been undermined and still j
wus, and in his opinion il would be un-'
safe to put a brick building on it. He
thought the Council should endorse the j
at tion of the last Council.
Aid, Bradley contended there was no
evidence to show that the property wus J
undermined al  the  present time, audi
that a bore should be put down to test it. I
Aid. Plants suid, to his own knowledge, i here bud been u cave-in about
two years ago, us lie had to make an inspection ui il.
Aid. Morton  failed  to see how  they
He is also interested in the Kootenay
mines, and in a cinnibar property in the
Holmalco River country, over 400 miles
north of Vancouver.
j       San Francisco Coal Market.
Prices of coal are quoted in Sun Fran-
, cisco us follows:
Wellington  .fs oo
: New Wellington     s 00
! Soulhlield     ,"50
'Seattle       if5 00@6 50
1 Bryant      5 BO
j Coos Hav     4 50
J Wallsend    ii 50
: Scotch     7 50
Brymbo     7 50
| Cumberland, in bulk $18.60; sacks 15 00
Pennsylvania Anthracite Egg..., 18 00
funnel          8 00
Ruck  Springs, Castle  Gate  and
Pleasant valley    7 00
Harrison's circular says: "During the
week there have been lu' arrivals—from
the northern collieries 24,007 tons, from
Australia 8S94 tons, nnd from New York
200 tons. Jobbers und retailers ureconi-
"Nothing like leather," says an old
saw, speaking of Its endnring quality,
Certainly nothing can bo firmer than our
shoes. They are symbols of endurance
und proofs of what service good leather
can be. For the good of your feet and
your health you can't have too good a
shoe. Whatever you buy here is of good
stuff and well made, and would be cheap
nt a higher price. Wear tells. Style talks.
Examination for Colliery Manager—-Certificate of Competency.
could entertain Mr. McKenzie's petition
from being erected ou the Hirst estate on   unless the time given tu the lliistestate  plaining of  the stagnancy of trade, us
Commercial Btreet, arid contending thai   hud expired. since our snowstorm orders are coming
no proof had bci n produced to show that Aid. Sinclair moved, seconded by Aid,! in very slowly; hence there is quite an
the ground was unsafe for the erection Martell, that the petition be received, accumulation of Hritish Columbia coal
of a brick building.   Laid over for dis-1 und that Mr, McKenzie be informed that i in yard, which must lead eventually to
cussion, jcxpcrtovi.lt e had been given to the diminishing their Imports, as they are
hbports op cummittkks. Council showing that it wus unsafe to now taxing theiryard room. Thedemand
The Street i" nnil ii I tee reporter] (I) thai   erect a brick building on  tiie property  for steam uses holds up, und cargoes on
they hud Interviewed Mr. Robins re-  in question. arrival are delivered to consumers direct
gardlng_ the alleyways, and were in- Aid. Bradley askod that the Mayor from ship'*- side. Each week we hear
formed by him they Here under the con- give a ruling us to whether this Council of some new source of supply whence
trol of the city the smne as the streets; is bound to fulfill pledges made by the cheap fuel will find its way to our mar-
(2) thai they bud failed to arrive at any  previous Council. ket. These promises do not materialize,
satisfactory arrangement with regard lo Mavor JJnvison said matters passed by as the cost of production added to the
the HIist estate; und (:',) giving a list last year's Council held good until re- transportation is Invariably ill excess of
of the estimates for all work done and peuled or changed by a subsequent Couh- pencil calculation. Freights from Aus-
ordered  up to date, aggregating $4592,   ell, the same us u by-law ; but thev would • tralia are being marked op, now making
I have tu hear the expense In a case like the cost of colonial imports fully 10 per
nmittee reported   the Hirst estate where expense bad been  cent higher than prices named in .I-.mii-
iu selecting the   entailed.   The motion then carried.        ary; and unless outward grain freights
Aid. Morton then handed in proof, on improvestillhijiher,quotationswill rule.
behalf of the Fire Department, that the  Besides, the f. o. b. colliery prices have
lire ball rile wus undermined, j been cut so fine In  Australia that it is
Aid. Wilson moved that permission be i generally believed a higher cost may be
given to tbo Fire Depart nt tu erect u  named in the near future. Freight rates
Received end Iii
The special Bridge c
they wrro uutiniumu
plans of Mr. .1. Kelly fur an Iron truss
bridge, and recommending that Mr. .1.
MuGregor he asked to bring the matter
before tho Provincial Government with a
view of obtaining assistance in the work.
Cannot be   surpassed in the
City. We keep a special line of
Choice Teas nnd Coffee.
Canned Fruits, Etc.
Don't go elsewhere until vou have tried
-:- THE ARCADE -:-
Where they Defy all Competition.
j. h. mcmillak,
15 Victoria Crescent.
Truly MeA
an examination for Managers' Certificates »f Competency under tne above Act
will be held at Nanaimo on or about the
Second Thursday of April, llltiii.
Candidates intending to present themselves at such examination must, on or
before the first day of April, 1896, notify
such intention to the Chairman of the
Hoard, from whom all particulars can be
Applicants for examination must not
be less than 2.'! years of age, and must
i have hud at least two years'experience
underground in a coal mine (or mines).
Along with the application they must
also send a certificate of service from
their present or previous employer,
TAKE NOTICE that there will also
be an examination us above mentioned
at Union in the month of August, lsyti.
Chairman uf Hoard.
Nanaimo, Jan, 21,1896.
Farm for Rent
A Full Assortment ut the Lowest Market Rates
will miss the ear
the Comet
urth. It
equally true how McLeod can lit
you so wonderfully with a suit of
clothes in the very latest style.
See our stock of Spring and Summer floods.    :::::::
McLEOD, The Tailor
28 Victoria Crescent.
City Auctioneer
--.'.' Commission Merchant
SALESoonduoted III Wellington, Union
and Adjoining Districts,
Johnston Block, Nanaimo,
Also that Mr. Husluni, having stated he
would gladly ussisl in tho expense if the
oity Would build Sllell n bridge, the clerk
be instructed to write and ascertain if
his oiler si ill bolus good; and further,
that he be asked tu allow vehicles to pass
through bis property while the bridge is
being built. Also, as the bridge is unsafe, it be now closed to vehicles, but
kept open for pedestrians.
On motion of Aid. I'iunta, that portion
of the report referring to the plans was
laid on the table: the remainder was
Aid. Wilson inquired if (hut meant
the closing of tbe bridge, to which llie
Mnyor replied iu the affirmative; and
the former then moved that a notice to
that effect be published In the local
papers, Seconded by Aid. Sinclair and
The road foreeman reported work done
on   Prldeaux,   Farquhai   and   Wallace
streets, and on the alleyway op theSabls-
ton-Wilcux estate.   Received und Hied.
Re communication of J, 11. Good—Aid.
Irauie building nn the properly; second-  from Great Britain are steady."
ed by Alo. Morton ami curried. _— ■»•»  	
niiVu.vuK uv-law, There is  a good deal too much
Aid. Planta moved that tbe Council go made of  the word "grievance" in
into coinmittee on the Revenue By-law. connection with the coercion bill.
j The word "grievance" is not used
con,ie,i by Aid I'11 *,*ie Manitoba act nor in the qo.es-
ial meeting bo'■'""* submitted   to   the Supreme
Court  of   Canada   and  the  Privy
(No sei I.)
Al I. U il.-u.i m,iv
McDonald,  ihat  a
culled for Thursday evening tu
mis by-law,   Curried,
Aid, Wilson explained mere had been
a little irregularity in  the flaming  the
j Council; therefore the point to he
|decided was  not whether there wns
a "grievance" or not, but whether
rights and privileges previously en-
wore so  "affected"  by  the
;■■ previous year,  ■ \  aot <-*. *'Si,° <ls -<> give a right
it was ...ii.. i, ,.u  it would not answer I °\ aPPe&* to the Cabinet.  That was
what the Judicial Committee decided. It La true that the Judicial
Committee, in some general remarks
Loan By-law, Although it was a precise ! J".vt'(1
copyol tne one passed the pr-">*t,»"H ,.,.„..   'I'1111"
not answer[
the purpose this year, and   hu asked I
leave to Introduce another by-law.  J'er-
missiun granicd.
Aid. Westwood asked leave lo introduce a by-law to raise a sum ui money
sufficient to build the bridge across the
Miilstieuiu.   Permission granted.
Aid. Planta failed to understand why
arrangements hud not been arrived ut
by the Street committee in reference to
the Hirst estate, and thought the city
Planta said that, while the collector hud should imikc them an oiler for the piece
only done his duty, he did not think Mr. of bind In question,
Good should be held liable for a retail Aid. Foreman said the only question
license. He moved the coniniiniiciitinii wus whether the estate Would allow their
be received and laid on the table peiul- line to remain the smne us at present.
Ing the passage of the revenue by-law, It would certainly dlsligure the street
Seconded by Aid. Foreman and carried,  to change it, but the committee had no
Re petition of D. MoHiit-—Aid. I'lanta j power to make an offer,
moved it be referred to lhe Street com- j    Aid. I'laniu suid, from what he heard
mlttee,   As a drain was being laid to from the chairman of the Street commit-
not of the essence of the judgment,
used the word "grievance'' in referring to the Koman Catholic ground
I of complaint] but to admit that the
| Roman Catholics hatl a "grievance"
is not equivalent to saying that
what they asked must he granted.I
I That was t, ie very thing lo lie freely j
| decided on its merits by the Cabinet, Reforn iatorylawswbioht?enoh
uiion personal interests, anil new
inventions which throw men out of i
employmeott, may cause a Berious
grievance fro some people, but it does TV,,, ,.
not follow that lhe cause of the blll\ H'ilTS
grievance  must he removed.
The Pending Campaign
Ts of vital interest to the
people of British Columbia.
In order to keep posted on
the issues of (he campaign
Will lind it lo your interest
to read Tni*: Mail—not occasionally, hut regularly. Tn
enable you to do this the
he mailed In anv
known as the Shirks Estate, offered for
rent,subject lo approval of the court.
About 50 acres under cultivation, with
all necessary burns, dwelling-house
and store buildings. It also comprises
a splendid orchard of four acres in good
healthy condition.   This furm is situated about six miles from the city.
Receiver Up to Monday, March 2nd,
For further information apply to
Guardian of Estate, Haliburton St.
Eevier House
MRS. JAS. HAWKING, (lute of the
Temperance House) desires to express her thanks to the public for
former patronage, and now begs to
State that the Revier House has
been comfortably arranged for the
accommodation of boarders, steady
or transient. Single or double rooms
with hot or cold water baths, and
electric light in each room, Everything strictly first-class and charges
moderate. Remember the house, a
half-minute's walk from the old
stand north.
TEE BEST " = -. "
Promptly Attended to.
Tin and Sheet-Iron Work.
Victoria Crescent, Nanaimo
Offloe Tel. 80.   P.O.Box 16.   Residence Tel. 101.
Funeral Director and Embalmer
Graduate nf the Oriental, the Eureka,
tliu Xew York und Clark's
Schools of Embalming.
1, 3 and 5 Bastion St., Nanaimo
All accounts due the Estate of John
Hilbert must be paid on or before the
15th of January, 1896, to Mary Jane
Hilbert, Hastion Street. All outstanding accounts after that date will be
placed in the hands of a collector, with
full instructions to press for same. In
future the business will beconducted by
Nanaimo, Jan. 3rd, 1896.
Bakery and
Invites Inspection and Comparison
as to Quality and Price.
Awarded First Prize at the Agricultural Show.
The Nanaimo Bakery Excels
The Popular Bakers.
MCE & F0KTEK   :
Bastion Street, opp. Telegraph Office
LAMPS, Etc. etc.
h    House P&illterS     BriujsAiroAMiMAi.s8etuplnathor-
(fj ough workmanship manner.
>   Kalsominers
Panpi-.TTanoPi-a      On Hand—Knur  line  Deera' Heads,
-- m    i apci -nangei s      „.,,-,.,, wlu ,„. BoU forpri(,eof 8ettin(;
w    i • them up,   Also a tine ease of Birds.
d. s. Mcdonald.
ti!) Haliburton Street, Nanaimo.
Sign Painters «gg
WHABF STREET.   -   Posteffice Box 71
flPUTOrders left al R. I.ukey's Printing; t mice, Bastion St., will be promptly
attended to.
loess Jjjrectory
BARKER A POTTS, Barristers nnd Solicitors.
Commorclal itreet,
.     . --            -         /-   F. 1AM, Barrister mul Solicitor, R
ftommerciaj Hotel ! ',";:"'";;";",,-,rT -„-
\ «■)   ; *ii< iNM.s ,v Miisnks. Barristers, R
y^y —-^ j Ji  Johnston Block, Comn-ej-oial street,
/-   P. CADE, Barrister and Solicitor, Room 11,
U.   Johnston Rloi'li.
ooru 6,
Corner Commercial and Bastion 8b,  *■,•••■•■■""" ,t YOUNG, Barristers, corner ol
J-   in
This long-established Hotel Is oomfortably
fitted up ii uh superior accommodations for trawlers anil otlmrs.
' oiniiiiTi'liii ii ml Bastion street*.
rii   IIAIiliV. Botanic liruuglst, WlnfleM Cres*
1 ■   cent,   Try llnr.ly's Pile nine
add res
None but tho bosl brands ,,l wines, Liquors,   D%aVanTKt^r&l•flsw'r^ng*,PMl*lt,r■
Ales and Cigars dispensed at the Uir. ' OHoo, Odd-Fellow's Block, Nanaimo.
1'. I )-l 'ONN ic.i.,
urk luiiirinilec.l.
1'. i). Box •125. Telephone 7-11.
'vol*.  >•• j  iihuy. p. i). s„ areen Blook.   rirst-
" .   I'lnss mi ■
three months for
Mrs.   Lee's  property,   the committee
might see their wuylu tup this water hy
tiie Same means and carry it oil'. Seconded by Aid. Bradley and carried.
Re petition of YarwoodA Young—Aid,
Rradley asked if when Mr. Welgle applied for a license it was licensing day,
(No answer.) Aid. McDonald moved,
seconded by Aid. Planta, that it be referred to a special committee for report.
Motion carried and the following committee appointed : Aid. McDonald, Bradley and Wilson.
Tint iiiiist lnm.niNG.
Re communication of 0. 0, MoKen-
■de—in reply lo Aid. Wilson, Aid. Planta
said permission to erect a frame building hud been granted by lust year's
Council,   il   having  been   conclusively
.?hown that the laud was undermined j
tee, no effort had been made lo come to
any agreement, and urged thnt an oiler
be made by the Council to the estate in
order to obtain thnt strip of land.
Aid. Rradley suid it wns not fair uf
Aid. Planta to blame the committee in
this .matter, as he believed they hud
done their duty conscientiously,
A motion to adjourn then canted and
cut of the discussion.
The Ontario Government derives revenue from liquor licenses and from a succession tux, the latter being a graduated
percentage mi large estates left by will
or otherwise, The licenses to sell liquor
ure issued by the Provincial authorities,
und u moiety is bunded over to the iiiu-
nlclpalitles, Iu Quebec other direct
luxes are imposed, such us the business
nix, n tux on the professions and a lux
on the transactions in real estate.
'I'he decline of the horse is shown
by the faojt that in Lakeview, Oregon, recent ly six head of fair-sized,
entirely sound horses were sold for
un average of ,*r'(i.5() each, one of
them bringing only $1.50.
—.— »»«	
The Do:minion Government has
evidently 1 earned the common sense
of not swa pping horses while crossing a strea m, or the "pull" of the
"old warhc irse" has lost its strength.
Mr. llingi ey, one of Maine's representatives in tr. e House, has introduced n
bill intends, I to prevent the extermination of fur- bearing animals in Alaska,
The meiisiin • authorises the President to
conclude negotiations with Sreat Britain, Kussia and Japan for tho further Investigation of the seal regulations with
ii view of establishing new regulations
for their pio teclion.
Payable in advance; or it
will he sent FREE for three
months to any person forwarding a list of six subscriptions for three months
nt the aboVe rate.
.NilllililHO    jIOiIT   -.lIc'H'ket.   ••BK.-.i-KST I'lIAiiMACY.   HauAStkarma--,
'    proprietors,   Victoria crescent.  Dispensing
V ii "I'* > l*l .\ i 'I. i-isi IB1NT,       l nnd I'nuiiii recipes a specialty,
The Besl Printing' Material
and the knowledge to use it
to the besl effect.
Try 'em Yoursalf
Wholesale nnd Retail Dealers in nil kinds ol
m._   Fresh nnd Stilt .Meats.
"'"   Sausages, Etc ,
Meats Delivered—
'I'n iiny pun oh lie City [pee of ohftrgo,
special Attoation paid to shipping Orders,
M,.,heal Hall, corner commercial
tion streets,   Telephone 1-8-8.
I'lal ami Pas-
Lodge Notices.
Tnherman Lodge. So. SIB, Sons of St.
George.— Regular weekly meeting is held
in Hubert's Hull, Wharf street, on s>at-
uniiAV evening ut 7 :llt) o'clock. Visiting
brethren cordially Invited to intend.
I'liicn. W.KisrAi'K, Sec.
People who Appreciate——»
Have tholrpro*oriptions dispensed tit
Their Prices aie Right, Telephone 3.
NANAIMO  DYK  WORKS.-Dyelng, cleaning
an,! Ropalring   it Klcolstreet,
0. CiiAiii.Tus, Manager.
;,    MARSH, Wholesale  Denier In  Klsh and
-*•    Game, Bastion Street, Nanaimo.
■ikami ttOTEh-W, Steel, Proprietor—Vie-
" *    torln Crescent.
1   Proprietor,   Victoria crescent.
M   wm.!•';:, Financial ami Insurance Agent,
-• Johnston Block.
|.ioIII:m \N A  I1AKDY. Heal Estate Brokers,
r    Bastion street
|\   TAYI.ou, Doaler In all kinds of New nnd
1'. Scentnl-MiiiKl  Kiirtiitiire, mul  Fancy Arti.
.iie- ol every description.
Next lo Quennoll s, nmiinereUl street, HEART STENOGRAPHY
tHraiis* Action of Stimulant*---Tliu Sphyg-
inof*Tapht » Delicate Piece of Mechanism, |
Wiitet Wlm't tu* Heart Dictates.
One of tbe most intrloate and wonder*
tal little instruments applied in the
soionoe of medicine is the sphygmograph.
Tho mechanism of this tiny machine is
no minute that it- is somewhat dl01 cult to
convey j* comprehend ve idea of it by
means ol a written description, The accompanying Illustration, however, will
assist the render tn bniHUng an ideal
sphygmogrnph In the mind's eye, nnd the
study of it- w;ii afford a little exercise
antl consequent development of the
faculty through which we gain mosl of
our knowledge—perception.
The sphygmogrnph is an Instrument
used iii measure arid record the action "1
the heart, using the pulse ns its key. In
other and plainer language, it sketohes on
paper, by means ol a very ' ne point-, in
Irregular   up and   down mgv.ng  strokes,
' j., f
every bonl   and movnrncnl cf tnnt   great
little blood-pump, tho houn
The utility und importance of such an
Instrument, is readily understood when
wo remember that the Heart's action
manifests Itself through tho pulse, The
heart acts and tho pulse exhibits the
notion or rather the manner of thi
action This at Hon is perceptible to tin
touch when we "feel the pulse," man!
testing itself by different rtagreo- of intensity Iri the pulse beat. Thus a strong
heart produces a strong* firm swell or
wave in tho pulse, and vii e versa.
Tho olllco of tho sphygmogrnph is to indicate tho degree of intensity and regular*
ity of the heart heat, wi U h performance
le acoon plished as follows; The instrument is' attached to the wrist by mean a of
a Silk band, thu- holding a sensitive dine,
fastened to the hand, in juxtaposition
wiih the pulse artery. The pupations,
noting on this dlso, mi ve a pointed
marker held by nn armature, up, down
Hint ncross the surface of a slip o! paper
which is kept moving by means of a
ilolicau meohanisra within the instrument. In this manner the Irregular
tracings as shown in the outs below.
aro produced end make ar. ao< urate stenographic reoord, as it were, of the heard-
movements in health nnd disease, excite*
ment nnd depression This written lang*
taage of the heart i- therefore a message
containing a detailed description of the
status i f our physique In general run.
heart .11 particular.
Dr. K. Woodbury, professor of olinlual
medicine at the Medical Chirnrgicnl College of  Philadelphia, Inaroconl  lecture
to medical students called attention to n
most important series ol these sphygmo-
graphlo  tracings   made by Di   a. H. P.
Leuf,  aie director ol physical education \
at the University of Pennsylvania, which j
Illustrated   In   a   strlk ng   manner   the
effects *■:   alcohol and other stimulants j
apon tho  hoar'.    The illustrations  here
Bhown are adapted - om thoM- nf I)r.l e..!   j
Out No   . represent* thi   i-onuliion of the I
pulse in Its ti' rinal state.
No. . — Tracings produced by (he normal heart beat
'■■it No .shows the high, fitful and
srrai u | ulse produced by an ouno ot
alcohol taken -n the form of whisky, a
hall hournftei nd iiinlstrntion,
No - —The Irrogu ur lines produced
by the al inorxnn  Btiinuiai on   of alcohol
Thi woak, bncortali tracings ol Cm
No. S --how tho reaction, or depression—
mental or physical—which follows the nse
of alcohol. II will hi noted that the
pulse h reduced U one-third its normnl
No. I —Tin* reaction following tho i*e
il alcohol*
These throe Unt ingest 1 nvntely Indh ate
the normal and whisky actions of U-e
heart rOHpt |itlVCly
Tracings No 4 nnd 6 rcprescni the
effect of u powerful 1.1-imulanl ionic made
from the African stnre^lin nut, the stand'
nrd  preparation   ol   which in tho N Ino-
Kolu'ra t.l the drug store* made by John-
nil ,-. Johnson  New York,
the drug is spent the pulse gradually
decreases in strength until its natural
state is attained. Tracings taken every
fifteen minutes for live hours showed that
at no time wae the subject's pulse lower
than before Taking or lower than normal,
whereas with alcohol tho reaction was so
pronounced, the pulsations so feeble, that
tho spbygmograpbio record of thom is a
weak wavy line, showing scarcely any
movement of the murker.
Dr. Lonf's tracings serve to demonstrate that alcohol, opium, cocaine, morphine etc., aro stimulants which merely
lend strength aud exact, a twofold payment from nature's reserve forces for the
loan. TRerein lies the great drawback
inthe use of alcohol as a stimulant and
excitant., absorbing as it does its stimulant power from the virl.nl reserve of
nature, whereas, in the case of Vino
Kolafra tho extra amount of energy is
furnished by the remedy Itself, moulded
nnd generated by nature s own methods,
it is merely an addition of fuel to the
over-burning tire or nnt lire, and when that
addition is consumed tho flame of nature
subsides 10 its normal stale, leaving; no
trace whatever of the transpiring of any
unusual event. This fact is ol the utmost
imp. rtanoo and its value can not bo overestimated as it will undoubtedly havo a
considerable bearing in the administration of a stimulant and tonic. Prof, j
Woodbti ry spocilii biiy drow the attention j
of the medical students to it He also j
reoommeudod the value of Vino k-dafr*.
;:■: restoring tho nervous system to it-
normal condition after an alcoholic de-
ban b, as also for weakness, ineli nohulin,
gastric catarrh t\m\ drunkard's dyspepsia,
predicting that "on account of if- sustaining and strengthening effects upon the
heart ;?• will be foun ! useful, in preventing heart failure." "it is," he further
say?:. " tiie remedy
and debility fnlloi
Prof. Wood bur
tion was Ural call
the African nur-
medical director
Navy, who, in tn
Biok-hoaduche   am
dehnity and impaired digestion, foun
the remedy of decidedly beneficial value
and 1 *r. Glhon's observations were sub
sequently lonfirmed by Ur. A. Hudson
United states Navy, it: a paper published ]
in the Philadelphia Medical Times
Keferring to the extensive use of Vino ■
Kolafra by the athletes of Vale aud other
colleges during the past season, Prof,
Woodbury says; "As athlete-hud It-sustains them during their severe muscular
and nervous exorcises, it is a fair inference
that in wasting diseases ir will similarly
. onsorvc muscular ami nervous force."
These remarkable chnrai toristlcs exhibited in the action of Vino Kolafra
would seem to lend it a distinction In
valne far beyond that possessed by any
other stimulant and tonic, the merits of
whioh aro known to us. It* application
in sickness and disease will certainly
pn ve a valuable innovation In the science
of medicine.
Much has been said about Vino
Kolafra, and the scientific and indisputable evidence ol the sphygmographlo
tracings as detailed by Dr. Leuf add only
to the cumulative proof of its merits.—
r '..he muscular pain:
tg la grippe."
notes thai hit atten-
to  the-  products  ol
v   Dr.   A. L.   iTlhou,
RnTr tir Got Rwl of 0 Dinner Which Didn't
Suit Hi* Xante.
A correspondent of the London Spectator reports a clever trick of a black
Persian cat, by the name of Priu. One. of
his peculiarities is a disrelish of meats
unless they aVe roasted. The 000k undertook to break him off this foolish whim.
In short, she determined to starve it out
of him
She set before him a saucer of boiled
meat. Prin turned away from it in disgust. "Very well," said the took, "it is
that or nothing."
For three days the cat went hungry,
the boiled meat, remaining untouched.
Hut on the fourth morning the cook
found the saucer empty.
"Ah, Prin.'* she said, "so you have
come to your meat*'1
That day the cat fared sumptuously
on roast boef With plenty M gravy. . But
on Saturday,whon tho potboardunder the
dresser was cleaned, the cook found in
ono of the stewpans tho boiled meat:
whioh had remained three day.-, in Prin'*-
stmcer. Thecal had boon too sharp for
"I know this story to be true," concludes the correspondent.
An Effc-Lnytng Uamiuul From the Willi*
«>l Australia.
One of th( oddest of the many queer
and unique creatures thai inhabit tin
antipodean wilds is :,n animal about the
shape and Size of the  American raccoon.
1 I \ RirT^i-^^^ l   ll ''    '£
ng aovei
nor vi
The. ClJaut'ii >x\tirU,
'•"    ! *\ M    '/""if
Be is not a curiosity on account of his
shape or size, 1 r because he resembles tho
ooon and lives in Australia, where all
nature is topsy-turvy, bni bocauseol a remarkable habit the femnlaof his species
has of laying oggc and hatching them
after the'manner of birds '1'his queer
egg-laying animal, the only creature of
the kind on earth, so far as the zoologists
know, is calico a platypus. It inhabits the
deer f- rests of the river bottoms of both
Australia and New Zealand, and. It Is
said, has many of the characteristics
which distinguish the beaver tribe. The
platypus is not a common animal even in
its native haunts, and it is yearly becoming rare, because ol the war which has
been waged against it on account of the
continuous dread <>f the harmless little
creature, because its habits deviate so
widely from those generally noted it. fur-
covered, four-footed creatures.
*nme   Commit   Suicide    Arc If ten tally   hy
ll:ii[£inc or Cltoklltff.
Many'strange accidents have occurred
to birds while feeding, nays the Opmhill
Magazine. An Irish naturalist once observed a dunlin behaving very curiously
on the seashore, The bird lose in the air
and fiew for a short distance and then
alighted and shook its head violently, in
a vain endeavor to detach around lump
observable upon its bill. The Incumbrance proved to be a cockle which the
dunlin had found open and. in Innocently
attempting to negotiate had been trapped by it. This kind ot bivalve accomplishment no loss nn authority than Mr.
Togetmier declares to be not at all uncommon on our shores, A white stable
cockle recently bore testimony to the
veteran naturalist's assertion by capturing a green linnet by one of its toes.
A poor little chaWnch was found dead
in the neighborhood o! Kj*om a short
time ago with it>- lower mandible firmly
embedded in t to shell of a bunch nut, that
had become so Inextricably fixed that tbe
bird had died from starvation. A hen
pheasant was unt long slpoe observed by
a sportsman Hying round and round in
the most unaccountable fashion, and on
being shot was discovered to have a large
oak leaf impaled upon its beak so as to
completely ohsoure its vision.
Herons sometimes choke themselves by
attempting to  swallow large  trout, how
large may bo fudged to some extent from
the  fact that I recently discovered a bird
of tiiis species in whose maw was a large
water-rat   in  a perfect state of preservation.    An   eider   duck   has   been  killed
thro.igh attempting to swallow a  toad,
and a bullhead or "miller's thumb"  has
--roved :<>d much for 0 water rail, a  little
grebe, and a kinsflsher.  A member of the
last-named species was discovered a  season 01 two back In a* -ami rldgeshlre ditch
by  some sportsmen, unable  to fly except
for a   short   distance,   and   upon  being
caught   and  examined It. was fonml that
die   bird   had a young   p * e  protruding
! from   its    gullet.     As   soon    as the lish,
j which measured no less than   »  . inches,
i was   removed,   tho kingfisher flew away
• apparently none the worse for its experi-
; ence.
Birds that employ hair in the building
of their nests sometimes oome to grief by
hanging, but I should say very seldom Indeed in the following singular manner.
A gentleman who had a number of cults
upon his farm one day noticed a small
bird entangled in the long hair of the
tail of one of them. The little creature
had evidently beon In search of material
wherewith to  lino  its  nest and by some
m 1 B-jyig .
No. J — SliinnSi.' Oil protlUCfli hy Vinn
Kolafra—linos regular ami high,
Ah shown hy tha trnotngi In No. '-.
Vino Kuinfri, produces, ft regular and
nvi.n degree ol stlmnlatlon, sustaining
•inrfuttly the lnoreasod tone nnil Intensity
ni the puliation prodaoed by tho heart-
boat. It. doue not plnnge and Jump in a
-wild inorw,se ol stimulation Belli theoase
of in. id., . mul, wlmt is of more and far
^r.'.vor IraportanoB. theAfrloan itl-BDUlant
lmfi  BO  roont.lon. iiur dons It eatlM i,ny ol
tho deprenlon attendant upon tho admin.
i-itratlon  ol   aloohol.    When tho force of
No. Ii.—-Shows condition of the pulse
after Itlmnlatlon by Vino Kolafra, the
puim being uormitl (he same as in No. 1.
MK, BVIAj—Yes my laus, the old
swi ru .s jr. first*rate condition, and I'm
ready 10 thrash you ll you :,-i^ upon it:
but fanny part 1 much prefer our present
relations, which are more becoming u
Christian Powers and mon edifying to
liii world,—J. W. Bengough, In Massey's
.' lagnzine.
li« •.■j.iUii'c Onr r«UoM Men,
Human lives have their perspeoUve ap-
pect as much has as external nature, in
regarding our fellow men, U i> due in in*
vest them with the feature which. In plo
tnree, we tonslder as essential for our
rlghl seeing—a perspective. A portrait
nre limited to a fore-ground would not
please and people gain as much at> plo-
turns do *.:>* a recognition of Inoldonti
apart from the plane of the near and
present, He who has the art to endow
the Inexpressive enigmatical silhouettes
that men appear, rs commonly seen,with
a moral penpectlve, hud* no life lacking
In Interest, lor in these hidden personalities are vxititsol memory nnd sunlit bills
Ol hope: the. arena of eonQlct with the
• ignair- of victory, or the dusl nnd con*
fnsioii if a defeat that God knows about]
valleys of humiliation ami sorrow,
heights of gladness and success; and
always the far horizon line thai throws
into roliof the bun.an figure, and lends
it h peculiar dignity. Though these
thingi nre nol noted in detail. It can be
remembered that with varied lights ana
shAtllngl they exist. Thus wc shall bo
checked from exercising a spirit of in-
dlfferenco and depreciation toward man,
'or whose right estimate more than we
can com 1 ass must be taken into account,
vim-,-, ufa Umln I ol' w heat,
A   mi llhg  trade  organ publlshei   the
following description of tho   manner   in
whirl, a bushel ol Wheat in made to bear a
variety of profits:
1. 'i'he farmer lives, ou It—He raises it.
*-.. The sbpper lives on It— H* ships it,
3 The   elevator man   lives   on   it — lie
stores it.
4.  The Hoard of Trade man lives on it
— He sells it.
6, The miller lives on It—He mills it.
'.  The flour dealer lives on it—He soils
7. The grocer lives on it—Ho sells it.
)\  The consumer lives nn it—Ho eats it.
They all buy and sell again at a profit
except the last man, who pays all the
profit! the other seven have made.
The only orltlolsnJ we feel inclined to
make on the above, remarks Merchants'
J.eview, is ln reference to the seventh
item, liy far too many grooers sell (tour
by the barrel at 80 centltfl BO cents profit
barely paying cost oi handling, therefore
.1 is too much to n»j "the grocer lives on
in ink' Man, He Perform*.
His Duty.
The Intelligence of the shepherd ilt,?
and his faithfulness to man were demonstrated in a romurkable way In connection with the deutn of Charles trillion, a
native of Providence K,I.,who was killed
in Montana two months ago by the (lis-
charge of his revolver, On May -. he
went out en a buying trip and was lu
the li.j? Hole country, 110 miles from
iiutto City. He bought a lot of sheep
and cattle, and was going further into
tho country to visit other ranches. He
usually paid for his purchases with
chocks, but when he went to ranches so
far from business centers he could make
better terms for cash, because >>: the Inconvenience of travel :.*; to 1;-': checks
onsl ed. Ho had taken some SO.OOU with
him on this trip, and for protection carried a revolver. Some two miles from
the nearest ranch he had occasion i*
make a -top in the sago brush. His revolver he had dropped into one of his
"chaps," as tho hip boots w rn by the
riders in that country aro called. As he
remounted his horse tho revolver was
discharged. Ho had dropped the pistol in
thi ••chaps' with the muzzle up. and tho
hammer liit against the horn of the saddle. A ball was sent np through his
groin, and, passing upward through his
body, came oul behind one ol his
shoulders. He fell to ihe ground, but
rallied, and. mortally wounded though
he was. he once more climbed Into the
saddle, but could not -it on Ids horse.
Fainting from loss of blond, ho tumbled
out of the saddle a second time. When
ho revived his shepherd dog was over
him. acting as though fully aware of the
serious nature of what had happened.
The don wan one «-f two which Glllen had
trained to herd horse- and cattlfc Realizing thst he was probably mortally wounded, and that prompt assistance must le
obtain* tl if the slie;hti -t chance he hatl ot
-surviving wns to be made tho most of
Glllen told tin dog H "go to MoVoy's
ranch. This was the nearest rnnoh, and
oue from which be might expeci help to
be sent its soon ns they could know of the
accident There were other ranches lu the
surrounding count ry, but Assistance
might be obtained more "ulckly from
this ulio The dog whined and cried, and
showed a desire to stay by hl«t master's
s.oe. but (illlon scolded and told the dog
to run the horse lo McVey's, Finally the
dog started the horse ahead of him. and
made a bee line fur the ranch mentioned.
* >n the way the horse fell in with a bond
<.f tifiy other horw s, but tho dog out him
out and ran him at full speed to the
ranch, uu arriving In slghl of the rnnoh
tho dog began barking to attract atten-
I tioni and when the dog ami riderless
t horse arrived at the place the people knew
j some thing had happened to Glllen, As
soon as the dot* saw the blood on the sail
die was noticed he turned and excitedly
manifested a desire that tho ranchmen
-•hould hasten back to where Glllen lay,
l-iursos were quickly mounted, and the
horsemen bad difficulty in keeping the
dog Insight, so great was the animal's
haste to return to the side of his wounded
master. Glllen wus still alive when his
friends reached him.
Aa fnitenloos Arrangement*
Open a book at random md sclecl a
word within the first ten linos and within the tenth word from the end Of the
Hue. Now double the number of the
page, and multiply the sum by 6; then
lldll 30; then add the number of the line
you have selected then add 6j multiply
the sum by ip. Add the number of the
word In the line. From thl*. subtract
3fj0, and the remainder Will Indicate in
tho unit column the number of tho word.
in the ten column the number of the line
and the remaining figures the number
of the page.
unaccountable accident had become entangled in the unkempt hair of the colt's
tnlh Cases of birds cettlng their feet on-
tangled tu bits of yarn or string wo no*
nt all uncommon, especially In the breeding season, and win never the victim of
this kind of mishap happens to get the
impediment fastened in a tree or among
stones, death is pretty sure to be tht re*
suit, unless pron.pt human aid is forthcoming. In the spring of tho your, ns
everybody knows, the dead leaves of pampas grass fall lo the ground and curl up
like the shavings from a carpenter's
bench. A c rrespondent mentions finding a poor robin which bad accidental ly
got one of these pieces rolled round its
neck s<. tightly t;,;it it wa- unable to
feet, and died of starvation.
It was a quest-Ion iu the family why
Edith was always *>omuch me*'0 welcome
than any other nioco w hon she marie her
weekly call upon Aunt Klin or, who is an
Invalid. Aunt Kllnor can talk very little, and some visitor- tire her beyond os*
pvesston. Kdith, on tho contrary, seems
lo have her exhilarated am  refreshed,
'l am no fonder ol hor than l am of
the other nieces.'' said the invalid one
day. whon the question was brought up,
"but I conies- I do like better to see her.
She telle me somethins -lowly and gently, She seems to have plenty to say. and
neve:' to get flustered in saying it, and
there are no pauses when she looks off
into vacancy, and makes me feel as if I
ought to entertain her,1'
"Well, F.dith." said the girl*fi mother
that night, "how do yon manage It!
Give us y«. ur receipt for talking to an invalid."
F.dith blushed.
"I wish 1 needn't, mamma.*' she said.
somewhat guiltily. "Perhaps It's a silly
thing to do, nnd 1 ought to bo ashamed
of tti but to tell the truth, l pet it up be-
" What! your conversation?"
1 Yes, mamma, l don't dare to depend
on thinking of the right thing at the
right time, and I used to make such fearful mistakes with Aunt kllnor before I
thought of arranging mj programmes
Once I told her how Ton: s dog was run
over, and. then when 1 saw it wasexotting
her 1. got nervous and said her cat had
,-iite' been utter the canary. I believe it
was thai very morning! made up my
mind to talk byruletioxt time."
"I shall call you ' Lit ta Thirdly and
Fourthly,'1 said her mother, 'Toll me
what you talked about last time."
■ Will, i told her about thp nasturtiums
Hrst: how you sowed them in tho window
boxes, and how Tom popped some beans
In tiio, and you were so puzzled when the
nasturtiums ooiue up beat.?. Then she
laughed, and 1 got encouraged and passed
on to my next heading, That was oalioo,
and I described my new wrapper and told
how    I   g"t  on the rullle With the figure
upside down,
"And then—oli, there were lots moro
tilings, but I had them oil in my mind,
and two or three I saved over for the
next time,because tin nurse ennte In and
told me my halt-hour was up But is it
a bad way to do, mamma:' it Isn't priggish,  is It';''
"It's a very good way,'* said her
mother. "It's so good that I think I
shall try it myself."—Vouth's Companion.
Ili.ll lie <-...   llotjg.
" How do you get along with your blcy*
"Well," replied the truthful young
man, ''sometime*; ono way and some
times another. Sometime* the biey< le
rides me and once iu a wtile 1 ride thi.
Some ahe has thus originally described
the menu whioh must bt prepared wore
one to invite a green plant to dinner;
"the soup would be Represented by water,
tho fish by minerals, the joint by carbonic acid gas and tho dessert by ammonia.''
Plants whioh contain no chlorophyll,
as the green color of plants Is called, as,
•or in Stan 00, mushrooms, have quite a
different diet: they feed on water,oxygen,
minerals, and animal matter.
There aro curious differences between
tht green and the non-green plants. The
greon plants get their food from the soil
and air. nnd from these lifeless matters
build Up their own living structure.
The non-grcon plants will grow only
where there is plenty of animal matter in
a state of decay. They inhale oxygon as
if they were animals, while the green
plants inhaling carbonic acid gas, whioh
is composed of oxygen and carbon, exhale
the oxyiren and retain the carbon, for
food. In tho dark, green plants behave
like non-green plants, and absorb oxygen
..nd give off ourbonio acid,
There are a number of exceptions, also,
to tho rule thnt green plauta do uot take
living food. The parasitic mlstlotoe,
thpugh it has green leaves and oould obtain oarbon food from tho air. yet drinks
lo-treo on whioh
the sap of the oak
it grows.
Tiie Venus fly-trap, the pitcher plants
and the bntt.orworts capture insects by
ar. ingenious arrangement of their leaves,
and digest rhe meal thus secured.
1: is these variations from a general
rule which prevent- the animal kingdoms
bolng sopnrated from the plant kingdom
hy habits of feeding.
The mushroom presents tho distinction
thnt plants do not, like animals. Inhale
oxygon. Those inseot-fceding plan's bathe way to such a distinction as thai plants
feed only on inorganic matter. — The
Ifet:>ru1 [tint-.
Friendship moans sympathy,  help.
Th*- green craze is manifest In the new
green china and glass,
It is reported that tho newest gowns
have sleeves of the old tlm( eoal shape,
laoe or ribbon failing over the slight fulness at the top.
Slender vases holding a single long
stemmed flower still hai ■ favor, although
all other floral decor,.!'..ins for the table
are low.
The >! -slrable velveteen is one of the
fabri i of which waists are fashioned.
Olaret and preen have tho preference with
the majority.
A few bnlbs of oxalis in a po< or hanging basket and given plenty of sun nnd
water, will make a rapid growth, bloom
fn-eiy and remain beautiful all winter.
Wash out the waste pipe of the rofrlgor-
litor once a week with boiling hoi soda
water, and after pouring cold water
through, to cool the box, wipe clean and
What the fan has lost in dimension*- is
made up in exquisite workmanship.
Klegant black and white satin ions are
beautifully painted, rare lace is also used
us decoration
Do not attempt to hang the clothes on
wash day without a pair of clean white
mitiens. A warm jacket, bond and rubbers will prevent an aching head and
sore throat tbe next morning,
tlyj-teutc Hints,
The morning hath should not be a
lengths affair taken In a tuhfnl of water.
Much baths are temporarily enervating,
and should be taken only wheu, ttie
bather has ample opportunity to recover
from them. The morning bath should
bo taken standing, in a few Inches of
water, and should boa shower. It should
bo fol owed bya brisk rubbing with ro igb
Breakfast should bo nourishing, but
not heavy, unless one Is engaged in »■;;;-
dot r labor, The luncheon of indoor, and
especially of bruin wo?kers,should also be
very light. A heavy meal causes the
blood to be withdrawn from other parts
of tho body to tho stomach, there to do
the work ol digestion, if the brain also
makes a demand upon the blood supply
neither brain no;' stnmnoh is • roporly
provided for and the work < f both Is unsatisfactorily iloUr.
Ono should sloop not merely sis or eight
hours a night, but until one wakos refreshed. Tho tlmo will vary with different persons. Sleep restores the nervous
power more than any other par; ot tiio
system, and those who make tho grootost
drain on their nervous forces need tho
most sleep,
K«« 1  lonr PI at it« I've** From Imrei Petit*
Thoy increase with wonderful rapidity
at. this season, unless active mean- are
taken u> oheott thom. Tho aphis will soon
cover such plants as the polargoll tun and
the rose. If not met with effective
weapons, hlr-tree-oll soap is the best
Insecticide 1 have 1 ver nut^X in lighting
this pest If i* suro death to the Insect
if It- reaches it. and Is harmless to all
plan'*** if the infusion is made and applied
auoordlng to the directions on the ran. It
is also very uffet Live with mealy bug ami
scale. The rod Spider—which Is tho
most destructive Insect I hnv< overbad
trouble with—can only i*o conquered bv
the use of water in liberal quantities, it
should be applied every dav. am! all over
the plant, The spider locates himself an
rhe underside of the haves, and is dis*
lodged only by forcible and repeated
It (tin e OrilM logs
1'os lettneo is seldom seen in the
markets, ami I suppose this ll only so because there Is nor s'.'l< lent demand for it
to make Its growing profitable-. Mill, 1
believe if thu markets oould be supplied
With such a delicious article as I grow,
and so rnslly grow, for my sj\vn use, thnt
the demand would increase. I have
grown the Ttlanon and the Paris White
and decidedly prefer the latter, though
loth aro good* 1 transplant, it in tows,
aboui .:. Inchon apart in the rows and as
loon ;.^ the leaves are of good sUe., I
gather them together and slip a little
rubber band around them, about midway
betwoen base and top. This oornpaots
thom ami they blanch finely and rapidly.
Often the head, Which Is long and slender, will take on n oorksorew shape. The
past seaton I had heads ton inohes long,
most beautifully blanched, tender and
dolliato and so crispy that a lent would
break like a pipe stem If It should be
bent. So for as my observation goes, it
remain* edible quite as long, or longer
than the ordinary head lottUCC. 1 certainly commend it to every' amateur garden*
er.—K (-i. Fowler.
Dow to Make It.
Flowers and feathers profusely trim
She new spring bonnets, but with this
liberality there is great taste and discrimination used in the arranging of them.
Velvet will Vic with ribbon in Persian
nnd mother-of-pearl designs for popularity, but the richness of the first-named
fabric ensures its retention as long as possible as an important factor in up-to-date
The bonnet I have selected for our lesson to-day is a most comfortable ono,
and will suit our more matronly readers.
In Fig. 1 an oultine of the shape is
given, and this is covered with dark
green velvet. Half n yard will be ra-
qulred, and this must be out to the .snaps
Illustrated in the next diagram. This
piece has to bo evenly run in a series of
Hues indicated by the dots, and afterwards drawn up, the end of each gathering thread being firmly secured by a
stitch or two. This detail, of course,
cannot ho done until yon have Piled the
gathered crown piece on to the shape,
and regulated the fulness to It
This   done,    attach the  velvet   to  the
share by tacking it round the raw edges,
which arc afterwards concealed by the
bias piece of cherry-colored velvet, which
is folded around tbe brim. Por this fold
you will require a quarter of a yard »t
velvet, out on tho cross. I dare say thero
will he a short length to spare, bt/t that
cannot ho helped, as the width is not
sufficient to go round, silk velvet being
only eighteen inches wide, as a rule,
The quarter of a yard we cut in t«ro
strips, join at the cross, turning in tbe
edges, and lightly catching down to tho
inside, taking great care that the stitches
do not show through.
Ot) either side of the front is a bunch
of violets which covers the stitches employed to catch the folds In the position
they take in tho sketch More flowers ore
planed at tho hack, covering the join
where strings and fold moot. In addition
to the violets, however, there are on the
loft side two plumos and n white curl*!
osprey, and on the right two loops of tho
velvet made out of the piece I mentioned
as being loft over from the folded Irons.
Ribbon velvet, pink or black, the IntMr
for choice should make the strings, one
und a quarter yards being purchased, »s
the bow is tied close to the chin, the onde
being quite short.
The lining of this bonnet Is accompli-died in  u different manner tu  that, an i la
very much easier to adjust, Vou buy ft
.jiuirtir oi a yard of sarcenet-, cut it exact"
ly so as to tit to the Inside of the buokram
shape, than turn ln tho edges and h nu
neatly all round. A piece ol muslin Inserted between the --arc*, net ami shape
will aud considerably to the wearer*e
i om fort
Stylish fur oapes just covering the
shoulders have stole fronts nearly reaching the feet. h	
Pain pat <> raw.
The cultivation of pampas grnss is one
of tho small but Interesting Industries of
California. August and September are
the months in which tlte crop uf plumes
is gathered for distribution over the Bast-
urn States of America and for export.
Probably not much more thau a hundred acres Is devoted to this grass in the
whole of California, hut each plant heirs
BOine thirty or forty plumes, and thoro
nre about 800 plants on an acre, suit is
very evident thai the total uuiuIht of
these ornaments is very large,
One of tbo largest producers has twenty
acres of pampas grass on   a  ranch  two   .
miles from  the little  Quaker  town  or I
If there ate no old plants tht seed is
sown during tho rainy season In January and  February In   rowB  twelve tmit
upurt, and carefully tended until the
leathery fronds have attained their glory.
As soon at this happen-, the plumes,
whioh often grow 10 a height of twelve
or fourteen feet, are cut by hand and tho
green leaves stripped off. They are then
laid out to dry In the sun for three days
io lake tha sap out of tho stem. After this
thoy are collected and tied up into bundles ot fifty, to bo si nt to the dealers.
Five cents is a common price lor a plumo.
SumOtltues they aro dyed rod, Violet)
green or yellow before they go to toe
Starting < hrysauthemttms.
Bring the chrysanthemums from   tho
cellar about the hitler part ol February,
and place them lot a low days in a sunny
The little shoots will soon begin to start
out, and when the-o nre sufficiently hardened for -lips, pot them, m* what is preferable, take up tho young plants with
sonic of Che roots, as these are less trouble
tn get started.
Pot them In quite small pots, putting
broken bits nf curl hen ware in the soil tn
ensure good drainage, and keep the plants
out of the sun for a few days until they
I nre well-rooted; then place them In a
sunny window until May or June, whon
they arc transferred to tbe open   ground.
A small brush Is a valuable assistant
in washing about the handles of cups and
KcOcctiiiii Obtained aDoolded A-tlvancn for
for Wliioli  Ti»ii»iitu University Deserves
CJi'tMlit — Interesting     Experiments     la
Other Cantors *»r Learning;,
lliperhnenters at tho University of
Toronto have worked without ceasing
ever since thu newB of Boentgon's great
discovery reached ihu side of tho Atlantic. Tuesday afternoon, however,
Mossrs.MoIiidlan and Wright made a step
which has uot boon heard of as yet,
though wh tt may have been done simultaneously »t tha other side of the gloho is
hard to say They claim to have discovered and have proved their discovery by
numoroitn experiments, that it is possible
to toko the photograph of an invisible object In :ih short .1 time as is required for
tho taking of any ordinary photograph,
To explain the way in which this discovery was made it will ho necessary to describe what might now be termed the "old
process." Tho object to bo photographed
\h placed Immediately above a highly
sensitized plate,and over it is the Crooks'*)
tube (a round gloss vacuum tube), to
which tho two poles of an electric battery
ere  attached.    The   negative pole, gives
r^      j JlNOUCTlflNCOlt j    "\
forth wh.it ■-; l.nown as tho negative or
oath0i3e rays, Those rays, which are
within tho glass, create a disturbance out*
side*and this rtiaturbanco Roentgen termed the a rays" for want of any known
Spoakltiff ■-.* them, ho said that he had
found tt Impossible to obtain any evidence if tholr reflection, bur that they
would tui-i-i porpondtcularly through almost any substance to the aluminum
plate. Messrs, Mo Loll ail and Wright
found, hnwevor, that thoy would radiate
in all directions according to their Intensity, and finding that they would not go
through glass, concluded from this that
1.1*07 might ii i concentrated or focused by
enclosing them within a glass Bass Accordingly it. was decided to place a bwll
jar o«ar the wholo apparatus aud see if
this would bring about tho required result. This was dona about -t o'clock
tn tho afternoon, and to the groat delight
of all proved % splendid success, A sou*
■iti'.'.r-d plate was put on the table, on top
of which was n leather-covered box containing i medal, the shape of a Maltese
cross, and above it- was the Crooko's tube
w t.h the elootric polo attached. Over
the whol ■ was placed a large hell-jar. and
the current turned on for about three
seconds. The plate was then developed
and gave -i very clear uegatlvo, showing
tiie medal distinctly and the screws of
the box, but everything oho had disappeared. Being thus sntlsflod that they
were on the right path they tried tho
same thing a number of times with
different irtlolus and found that it was
possible to Cako tho photograph almost
Instantaneously. At a late hour last
night a great many negatives had been
secured, whhih were clearer and more distinct than any talcon by tha old plan of
long exposure.
When the new disci very was made th *
news of it spread with groat rapidity, ami
for a Lime the most Intense excltemont
prevailed I lollege professors, students
and ethers were gathered round to witness rhe new process. What may n >,v
be lookod for it Is difficult to say.
In rfew >f the now discovery it may he
Interesting to know how the news of tin
"X rays" tt rst reached thu t/nlverslfcy,
•alt has much to do with making tha
final result .1 decided victory for the University of Toronto, Mr. K .J. Almay,
who graduated from 'Toronto University
in 18(11 is n honor student in the depn.*i>
moor, oi .'.ministry, has been taking a
1 post-grad into courso at KuIdolbergttiuder
Profossnr Victor .Meyer, As soon as
Roentgen   made  hi* discovery,  Almay,
win ait prove ot great value ana lead t-»
yet more oxtanslvo acquisition in the
vast region of tr.euni.ifIo truth. It is an
admitted fact that sevoral loading spirits
in the world of science were within
measurable distance et the discovery of
Prof. Roentgen.
One of the most valuable results achieved since Prof. Roeutgou startled the
world with bis foots regarding oathodlc
rays Is that by Dr. William Jamos Morton* tho eminent neurologist of New
York City. Tbe Now York w*or!d has
a moat interesting Interview with Dr,
Morton, who showed ita represetatlve
how to produce the cuthodlo rays in a
simple vacuum tuiio into which there
entered no electrodes, no wires or auy
metallic substance whatever, and which,
going a step further than Prof. Pupin of
Columbia University, had an tinfoil
wrapped at, either end whereby to -jer'.::--»
the application of tho olectrto current
necessary to oxcite tiie particles of ether
in the rarlfled air of tha vacuum and produce tho iluoresoenoe and the cathodlo
rays. The visible radlauoe created was
of a soft, milk-white hue, the purest of
etherlc light, and fascinating to look upon
In its beauty and purity. It was an ex*
per intent commanding both wonder and
The experiment Is Illustrated by figure
No J. The meohanlBiu shown iu the
drawing, with the exception of the now
feature represented hy tho bulb and wire
underneath the Leyden jars, was mndo
for tho production of a spar!; gap and the
consequent oscillatory currant (or alternating), an important discovery made by
Dr. Morton, and necessarily used by Prof,
Roentgen in finding tho "X rays," and
now In general use In electrical experimental work. It was first presented by
Dr. Morton :;: 1381 and again In 1300.
A spiral wire basket is made with ten
turns of wire, the two ends of which aro
attached direct to the Loydon jars, from
which tho ourrout Is received. The current,
procoods from tho induction coll, wherein
the voltage is produced, to tho spark gup,
whore, by its rapid discharge between the
two brass knob-, It becomes oscillatory,
and passes on to the Leyden jars and the
wire spiral or basket. The vacuum bulb
or cylinder, .»s it is represented, is merely
dropped Into tho spiral. It at onco becomes luminous with tho milk-white
etherio light, and the sought-for oathodlc
rays are produced, unseen, hut certainly
thero. l-'rom ono end of the oyllnder aro
omitted the cathoulc or negative rays,
while from the other comes the anodic or
positive rays—merely the invisible light
from each electrical terminal.
Thus It Is easily possible to expose ui
object to he shadowgrophod on sensitive
plates it doth ends of a cylinder,-md demonstrate conclusively the relative merit
of tho rays from each tormina:. Prof.
Wright, -if Yale, has made pictures using
only the anodic rays. Dr, M.irt.m has
made a great number of pictures on collu*
iotd rllni by the cothodic.orX rnys generated as desi I'ihed, nnd intends to go tn
for mars important pioture-maklng bv
this pro ess as soon as lie seen res a
vacuum tube with an aluminum window
at ono or both ends. The aluminum will
allow i more ready exit of the rays, as
glass is thought to confine and withhold
about % per cent, oi the light force.
Ono feature at this arrangement or
prooess Is tho absolute safety of tho much-
prized vacuum buhos, If a tube with
entering wires and electrodes were attached direct to the Ley den |ars It would
sooner or later be burned out by a current
sufllclently strong to produce fluorescence.
As shewn by the drawing, therein no
motntlle substance whatever used except
the surrounding spiral, which may bo insulate.), In convoying the currents, and
there can conse (itontly be no destruction.
Dr Morton states for the benefit of amateurs or other investigators that the Leyden jars may ho fed either by the indue*
tion aa hero shown or by tin influence
machine. Tho principle Is that thoro is
produood tn tho space unclosed within tho
spiral wire ;\ field of elootrlolty excitation
by win "h tho vacuum tube Is readily i<!-
llue need
Tho method of taking rhe picture of
the Interior of an Opaquo object by th-i
detached vacuum tube is just the samo as
by tho better known process now i;i general uso fjud in which the Crooko's tube,
containing electrodes, is used, (figure
No. 1 show*: Dr. Morton a plan for
multiplying the  lO.pOO voltage received
knowing that his alma
lulerr.de I   in,I  ailxlOUB
matter would bn
to be abreast- of
the times, forwarded a copy of thu original  article   to    Mr.    \V.   I,. Miller,  Ph.D.,
lecturer on chemistry, and Mr, C. A
Chat, M. v , lecturer on physics, at t/ie
University. These gentlemen began experimenting nt onoe, but were somewhat
delayed In reaching n successful result In
th;.;. they wolO un ibb* to produce a beau*
tifnl Iluoresoenoe from a substance called
barium pia.inu-cynuido, which Professor
Roentgen itotes may bo .had by plaolng
this Bubstauce as Car nwayos six foot from
th* Crooke -j tube when the latter Is completely covered with an opaque substance.
It was thought at first that something
must lot wrong with the apparatus, but
finally H was decided to try a photographic piato.nod hy Wednesdny afternoon
of last wools a successful negative was
(Aid Ui By tilts time Professor Pike.
Mr. dmnirt, Ph.D., Mr. MoLeltnn* Mr,
Wright md others were busily engaged
In i-xpei'luicutliig along tho sumo line,
ami just who was tho Ursti to Drain a sue-
cestui result Is, and will probably evHr
remain, i in itter of debate. Ar. present
ov< ry i i tinner of the staff who knows
anything ahoui electricity and Orooke's
tubas hi hustly engaged In seeking for
ui w iidv un oinonts,
In ov try so u of higher learning on this
oontim-ttt ;ii Willi ns In Khirope and other
parts ol ' in ""'i-i'd world, experiments
nu.. l.ir t' those carried on at our national Institution hero have been in progress
since Professor lioentgon gave his mat-
VelloUl dis".nory to the world, and tho
developments in numbers ai placee as a
result) ol this lOlentlflo research havo been
w. .N.i er i i valuable and nu more us.
Many of tin results are ofl yet inoxpii- -
ible even hy the most learned, but, with
further knowledge, thero Is no doubt thoy
irom the Induction coil by means of a
transformer, which at the samo time
feeds tho current to the GrookVa tube lu
such a harmless yet powerful fashion
that tho terminals will not fuse, while
the rays -leoured are of the highest |tml-
Ity, The arrangement- of mechanism is
the name as in fl«urj No. ti down to tho
transformer, whioh consists of elghtaou
turns of very coarse wire for a primary
Circuit and 10M turtle   of less   course wire
for a secondary circuit, Starting ut the
Induction coll with a voltage of about
10,000, ir, leaves tlm transformer for the
production of oathodlc rays In tlm tube at
an undetermined but enormously Increased voltage.
Thorn Is soon In the out tho reproduction of an ordinary incandescent); light
bulb with broken filament Dr. Morton
has taken pictures with such bulbs, whioh
he thinks ure worth while telllns about
tb'thoarmy of amateurs to whom Orooke's
tubo3 are an Impossibility. Dy connecting tho negative wlro from the transformer to tho wire h.-ading to the longer
nf tho two ends of filament and connecting the positive pole t.» the other,tho bulb
is made fluorescent, and tho oathodlc
rays are produced by the negative terminal-—that giving the most area of Ilium- ut.
This arrangement makes excellent
shadowgraphs of small objects. Tho other
Incandescent, light bulb shown has one
terminal, an upright piece of metal,
meant for the negative  or   cathode aloe-
tmao, while tne other terminal is obtain
ed by plaeing a tinfoil cap on the hull]
and attaching to it the wire from the positive pole.
The illustrations were made by Dr.
Morton in his laboratory at No. 19 East
Twenty-eighth street, whero the investl-
gator .-poke as a physicist and not an a
medical man. "This line of scientific
work," said he, "is, of course, entirely
apart from that of my profession, bur I
have alwys given it much study, and this
Roentgen matter Is too deeply interesting aud important for me to remain inactive. I have splendid facilities hern
for prosecuting experiments—all the most
approved and most powerful apparatus—-
but I lacked that which it seems ovory-
one also also had not—Crooke's tubes. I
don't know, ho waver, but that it wa-
well for me to havo boon without thosd
tubes, for I have been driven to experiments that have produced interesting rn-
sultft. I think the idea of using the
broken filament tube will be of immen-u
advantage to many struggling novtcoB
who want to experiment In a small way.
"I have thought a great deal on tha
possibilities of these new r.iys in the
Held of surgery and medicine, Wn may be
able to localize tumors and growths. It
is merely a question of the relative density of tissues, and.it occurs tomojthough
I do not yot know it to be a fact, that
doad tissue, pus and other products of
broken-down tissue are denser than live
tissue. If this is true then we may get
tho shadow of tumors and growths, etc.,
projected on a film.
■'As to the possibility of locating a
ballet in tlte brain, that. It Is possible,
like photographing for the liver, spleen -»?
other organs, may be merely a question
of variation of shade. We may find that
two layers of bo tie with i\ bullet iu the
lu-uln will prove denser than two layers
if bone alone, and thus an Indication of
the bullet may he found on the sensitive
film or plate."
As to tho possibilities and probabilities!
no man can now outline them. All yarns
about X rays killing bacteria and curing
diseases may safely bo discredited. The
a ray experiments cause a great deal >.'
ozone to be generated, and it was in all
probability the effects of ozone that
caused some mon or' narrow experience to
be misled, Due thero seems to he no
doubt that snort medical men will bo able
to look Into even the most hidden ports
of the human body a-- one looks out, of »
window In the sunlight. They will seo
heart and brain and hums and digestive
organs at their pari ont and
labor, vul will readily note
and seats of organic diseases
ponetrattag ray-, will detect
jewels, 'ii largo ordinance,
plate, iu the beams
and will thus prevent
takes and save millions of dollars aimu
ally to  Individuals and to Governments,
> i foaturo of this scientific announcement has beon more interesting than tho
enormous popul ir Interest in it. Tho
magazines, rhe weeklies, the news
jolumns of tiio daily newspapers are titled
wit h discussions, experiments, explanations. The lectura rooms of professors
of science are filled to overflowing not
only wirii students our, with tho plain
people, who are usually, and, as this
proves, Incorrectly, supposed to stand
still In matters sclent iii,:. Tho Roentgen
ray has thrown floods of light Into many
hidden places. Ifpon the photographic
plate of history It bus thrown \ picture of
the passionate desire for knowledge that
fills the people of all classes in this
splendid era of tho end of tho century.
Thu latest success obtained it the University ol Toronto in experiments with
the Roentgen rays was in the taking of a
shadowgraph of a oohi through six plies
of black covered paper hy a single Hash of
the rays The paper was of a kind that
any one sheet would totally ex dude the
sunlight. The experiment was perform*
ed hy Messrs. MoTjennan, Wright and
Keole to test tho possibility of obtaining
i:i -ttuutaneous   pi ;ture;
A woman who has a sewing machine
can make hor own underwear with comparatively little work and at less expense
that she can purchase it ready made.
Nightgowns, especially, are satisfactory
wit tn made from a pattern proportioned
to the figure Cambric, dimity, Lonsdale, nainsook, and Que ootton are all
used for this purpose,
New shapes hang full from tha
should.:rs, with the front trimmed in
V shape, and the neck finished in square
tabs of open-work Insertion aud u wide
frill of embroidery.
Dotted Swiss with a loop or guipure
edge is used for trimming many gowns.
Those frills aro soft aud dainty, making
an effective trimming at small expense.
Another pretty '*!yle of gown is made
of nainsook with a neck outpointed, bnok
and front, having insertlugs of fine
dimity and embroidery, Dotted Swiss
outlines the points and dresses the neck
The elcevflH are if three-quarters length
'finished with a doup frill that falls to
the wrist.
Another pretty gown of nainsook has a
cape outlining the neck and falling over
the shoulders '-Thla cape la cut square it
the hack, and Vandyke points »var the
shoulders and front, fctuivs of lusortlon
are set lengthwise into the cpfpe, and a
wide trill of embroidery i-- applied to tho
edge Strips of insertion follow the front
to the waist lino, adding'greatly to the
beauty of the gown
A more elaborate gown is of nainsook,
with the front made u\ bouffant style to
drop just below tho waist line. At olther
•side of the full front the gown Is shaped
with row- of t'rench insertion separating
hands of linen lawn with dainty embrotd-
ersd beading.
Tho neck Is outlined with i sailor collar mad; of linen lawn, with tlno tucks
running diagonally ctud alternating with
I have used many different markers
of various patterns, but none have given
me more satis fact! m than the one here
described and illustrated, which Is one of
my own invention. While I would nut
advise its use in breaking colts, I have
drawn straight rows with ir, and with a
skittish horse,by "ttirig one hand to guide
tho horse, and the other to steady the
marker. Take two pieces (h) one inch
thick, throe inches wide, and l> feet long;
to these fasten four crossplecss (o), two
inches wide tiud 80 Inches long, two feet
three inohes ami -i-i feet three' Inches from
the center toward each end. Then fasten
two harked poles ml over the two center
crossplecss, giving the frame the desired
slant, allowing the poles to project three
feet back uf frame and fasten to unothei
un leasing
the causes
And tiie
daws In
in iriuor
of Iron buildings,
wtndllng and mis-
8 i',
barked pole mi 13 feet long, rr.:::; ng parallel with thu fraiuo; at the same tlmj
.{Ive the two pole- tho proper shape for
shaft-,. Brace the hnnRle pole *->> with
two-Inch strips td) fastened to the tower
.•ad of cmsspioces (ci and to the t ipsof
end pieces, Brace the shafts arosswiso
from the handle to tho shaft polos two
feer iu front of tiie frame; also ->7 iheavy
win* extending from the top of end cross-
pieces to the shafts, two feet from the
front end, A Rii*s;letree >;> Is secured to
the X. Bore holes In middle if each
long frame strip, and every six Inches
each war. through vvhh h by the use j:'
bolts, the marking iegMf), ■ . tr i feet
!■■:!_'. aro fastoned any desired Hacunce
apart, care being taken tu have th i draft
as evenly divided ns pnssthfu hy having
tho ! ig-i ''■) same distance from tho center e; each sl'.lo.    Let the and leu trace
tho last inarki
nt \ uniform
the   >:i;i;w.-.  -under   t
hands co g-u-i lo tho h
i, an Agriculturist.
■; h^ ln-si  m
and all rows will be
1j turn .:.*,'. h tok
*   p de,    lain a the
rse aroun I —Am ■:-
-.1   nf  ],
hy the nev
ribbm hows, nnd I', frilled with i P*r • ■ h
lace. The sleeves are of hish »p shape ind
got!:.'red into a hand of insertion nlgod
with loot'
A pretty nightgown that formed a part
of a bridal outfit was made with a Wat-
tcou back, the front with a short hay
yoke ol guipure embroidery, :i::i<] wl
with a narrow row of Insertion.
Outlining the yoke, und tapering to
the waist, are wide rallies of embroidery
to :' irm tho revere. The sleeves are full
and gathered Into a cuff conirosed if In.
sertlon, ta which Is attached t wide frill
j of uUlpure embroidery.
i '.I Mia Porte.
Tho refinement of cruelty appears in
this, thnt the Turkish i?overnmont has
attempted to .over up les hideous policy
tiy the most colossal lying aud hypocrisy.
It Is true that on .September :;■). I89"i,
some hot-headed young Armenians, con-
trary to the entreaties >f the Armenian
petrlaroh and the order.? of tho police attempted to take a well-wordo I petition to
the Grand Vlzlor according to a time*
honored custom, It is also true that tha
oppressed mouutalnoors of Zeltnun drove
out a sinali garrison of Tu/hlsli sntdlcrs,
wh mi, however, they treated with
humanity; it Is likewise true that In various places Individual A rut en Inns, in despair, have advocated violent m ithods.
But the universal testimony of impartial
foreign eye-witnesses Is that, with the
above exceptions, the Armenians havo
given no provocation, and that almost, i;
not, quite ail tht telegrams purporting
to eome from the provincial authorities
accusing the Armenians of provoking th i
massacres are sheer fabrications of names
end dates, (i the Armenians mado at
tacks, where are the Turkish dead:'
And the dreadful alternative of I-.lam
or death was offered by those who havo
dazzled and deceived Rurope with Hsttl
Shareefs and Hnttl Kumayouns, promul-
Katlnge>lvll equality anil religl ms liberty
for their Christian subjects.
Strangest of all, ho who is the lead of
all authority in Turkey nnd responsible
above any and all ithcrs for the oold
blooded mesBaoros and plundering of the
past two months, wvdo a letter to Lord
Salisbury, and pledged his word of honor
that the scheme of reforms should be car*
rieil out to the loiter, it the very moment
when he was directing rhe niassnores,
Ana tho six groat Christian powers of
Europe, as well as, tho I'nited .Stales,
still treat thij man with infinite courtesy
nnd deference; their representatives stlil
dine at his table, and some of thom still
receive hi-, decorations. — from 'Tho M is-
saares In Turkey," In the February lli
View et' Udview3.
with *:' •
*;M      ill
Jrtvcd   :>y .
^Ir George Yule, of the Indian Civil
Service, was a mild, swect-natured man,
but a "mighty hunter," who had killed
hundreds of boors, and shot Hirers on foot
and from horse ami elephant. Sir Kd-
ward Braddou, in his •Thirty Years of
Shikar," tells of Sir George's narrow
escape from death In in enoounter with
a tiger.
He was standing outside of a jungle
from which a tig»r was being driven by
heaters. The tiger came from the jungle
Within a few f»^t of the spot whore Vuin
stood and rushed at him, He bail only
time to bring his rifle up to his hip and
lire as the beast sprang upon him, knocking him to the ground, smashing lu his
Itta-helmet and tearing hi-? shoulder ail l
The tiger was dead when it reached
the ground, killed by the chance shot so
ooolly tired.
every one  I.s familiar
appearance end   ta--*   of  r.: *
which Is so com mon •*. n spice
are not Ilkewis - I mi 111 \r with iu
it growth
The trees upon which nutmegs grow
lookliko small pear-tree-yiud \re gertval*
ly not over twenty feet high The lowers
are very much like the lily tt the \ illev.
They are pale and very fragrant, Th
uutmeg is tha seed of rhe fruit, i:n:
mace is th*? thin -ovoriug over the itvd,
The i':-:::! ;-. about the -',:-■ of i pa icli.
When it ts ripe it i: i.:s ipen r; I ah iw»
a little uut Inside. The trees grow '■■;
the Islands of Asia ind tropical Amerloa.
They hear fruit seventy ir lahty year-*,
v.ul hive ripe fruit upon thom nil rhe
A troe in Jamal ia has ovor four thousand nutmegs an it every year The Dub h
used to have iU this nutmeg trade, ts
they owned the Bftllda id.in Is, and con-
quered aH tbe trades -ma destroyed the
To keep the price up, they it) *.- ■*." •»
there piles of nutmegs, each of which w is
Bald to be "as U\tz as a -lntr- h, '
Mature did uot sympathl/o wltli s\w\\
inonuness, The nutmeg pi neon found
In all the Indian island, did fur the w r I
what the Butch had dotermin d -. mild
not be done—carried those nuts which ire
th >ir food, Into nil the aurroundlng »un
tries, and tree* grew again, ,.:i.i * i
world had ti; • benefit. —Tho 11 mseh il •
Tie rjuestion >i which Is ti.^ best breed
of fowls narrow-, down to thU: What
fowl do you lik-- best;- Which -ityle nnd
color takes your eye. Can yon give the
pr iper housing antl '\vre that the tenderer
breeds require? Will you hav * tn subject
your fowls to just ordinary ho ses and
•are: The breed ot)9 fancies tuosi w^i;
In tlm majortty of eves receive the best
rare, which naturally results In the tu ist
■ v ci'. Ii' one prefers fine feath irs u d i
beautiful form ind carriage rather than
»strl tly economic fowl, there ire many
breeds from which to make \ selection.
If a goneral pun»>e fowl is wanted, the
: s t< select fr nn was never -a long is ir
I.-. to*dny, If beauty mJ itlllty 'omblned
are wunted, thero arc several ireeds
to soled from, my ono or v;hich should
satisfy iny reasonable person, Thero Is
much truth in the -uying, ••■feeii tnaUes
tl ' •■ ! The best breed In the world.
whichcrer oue may bo so onsldered by
the iwtter, will '•■ .< fallur • and lisap-
po : tin ml If kept . ider uuf. i ir ible ei-
ditiens and Injudlci. .-ly fed, Th 'refers
k iwoul '. a i i - ■ th • ihovc, '*fe ■ I II 'i ire
make the hreod.' Wo do uot know if
any bread which with proper ...r■< \m\
I ed will not panve :■•■.:■■• tab ■■ pr >III il >*
hath in pleasure md money. In making
leioi tinu me's 1 'c nnstauces and *ur-
:•' indli j- to ild '"■ taksn In! account
wh ire me breed would tie perfectly hardy
and thrive well, an«)thi r breed would not
lo a all well Therefore :: behooves
ono to guard against letting i -mdden
fam ■' run aw iy with good iudgrnont,
loose who are lust considering the sub-
iei t. I would earnestly advise taking
plenty ol time to look th - rJeld over
thor nig] ly before making up tholr
mln Is. lie Is ii.- r.j be favorah y Em
pressed with the ippenrnnce  >   a    -rtala
or I, f.'ii!cu after due thought would be
re tctetl fisr Rood and sulllclenl roason,
whereas ■*. the first impui-o I had
been bought, tt wo t! ! pro\*e i lisappolnt-
tui-ut and entail a loss, Thosu who are
continually    changing  tho   breed  very
ire   *.i
sllud  with
y giving
anything and
i wh i- < up In
\   U llkl
7 a    l-
S31 itS   111
.; e    :• n.
;•   te .-d
M>ap hex, ■•>:'.. v.'t [u hoc Remove tho
top md bottom, ind in tho top nail a trl-
mgu ii -•-.■. tvblch covers one-half of
the space, as shewn  ;:i   the   sngravlng,
comimnylng ■': stratfon i ipw-
ilking itool win ■!. li is been In
ire ' ban i y ir* and whh li Is
ifactory.    It  Is   made   from  a
\j>«**    "^^Sll
"Don'l <.,    i.. din (Ir iMIn. "
li.it [mncnltt*. nro ■" :. onlversnl i, i:
ir-'s, nnd tin) lamlly Is so \ irioil In nil It-
brnnches dint ivory onn t.now, I tw to
im\ tli i mosl approved I mruilli-titi
whothor tlm stibs'.rittiuii l,o lui kwhen
pica, lii'll.m m.'.il, ip \i'!..-.it [lour *'■';'
ii'iv: :•! bnku thom In the |U «l in ■ - a
out nilltifl tho houso with sniolto an .
,, lv ■  gfc-isy , |nj
Do ii i  greiise eh i <;- Itlle     Thnt' i i  ••
way,.:'   mltlng tlieni,    XhH crKlilln miiii
!m perfectly olontiitml -m,, th, mil neither
too lint nor yot too cool    Wlion 1 tlilm;
II  about  rlBht  I v.- i ll   iff wl :. , w .    tlmi!
towel,  tiifn  try  otte Bmnll enlta    11
bakes to i nloe liijli,' brown, Rieti  !  '.
tli" :;:'ii! lie nt ■ Imi I 'iiii'.'i.i'   rn until   t! ■
men) 11 llnisliml, m ivlng ti nil ifli iteb
a cooler or wttrmer plaoo on uu  nuigo,
ns may bo ueeitoil.
T ■ i-... whl ■ - I irln ; . '■ itop, rests
! the open nu   <    ■ ■ vt • in  his -.m*.    Mia
strio and end   .-.:,,..;    U mnbarondlly
ullll.tiiil   ,i :■      1 isl  •• 11 III Kl   i:.y .1" ;10
.   inlonl ' >:      ■ .     ;.'      '. 'i 1.-, stool  Is
*-,-    leap, md .,-■■.. i .-    trpos i   id
m   r !y.-  I,  I    i -■ ■ ■•
., ii ■
A  ll.li;,. 1    I'.'ll \*.-;;.":.
rntftlHitnut !i,r.- nnnor. kruiw that It
;. ■ osible to "■"■ ■ i -■ ■' ■ lluliteil -i:i:l well
v .|:''i i|.<:   in : .-   '   ■ ,.u.,,i i Imoso v ."in
■ i'    i ■ ■ will ■: " :•.'■' io In i   itirlnx the
■ ■' i,..' iv,..;::, ■,. tMi-nt ■ if ■■■ Ind iws .i,-,,
;■ ie led, 11 ■ li . ••■ ■ . to whll w:nh tha
■■•I:,,' ■ lute: ir r lo isl on o n y-'.'ir. To
ii -ci up tali    :" •   it i     le;-    oieptinKe of
mul;,, i, whole bnrrel 'hHeiTOnh,
I and apply It "■:"* thick with n broom,
tlculii by iwoeplng the sldM, pnrtltlon*
-.lift ":::'i.;. Whirs tho surface l> nm-von.
■i i.;' e pui 'i with , pray nozttlo in nx-
",•".: foi apply :■■■.: tho wiiltov tah Tlm
whltownsh  tu : : :ii d bo riililinl tlironi*li
1 a slo-ro to p ive the lumps, or th->y will
lu.* th - v live   if  i'.iii  pump.    Kui'p tlm
I saw the prottlost penwiper the othr-r    wltiilows trow h«In« splnshoil hy tanking
loytbnl mo could luinglne    It was son:    old bwa or blankets over thom,    I,lino is
as Avolentina glfi last year, and waa purifying ami aendorlr.lng, and make, it
mado nl whito felt In the ihapeofn , ,.,.,;,,. tl, :„,„,, the stable olonn ami in
abont four Inchoa iu dlnmetor, It hud i „..liin. Another reason fur providing
Unt brim, und tho crown jvaspui ml ibundnn light In to promote tho bonlth
llko ii i'aiii O t-hantor, ,,.„• ,in,|it, ol nulraala. A cuiv in a
Peeping out from beneath the full winter dairy Is like n poraon engaged It-
crown wrao some tiny blue foraut-mo- ., ,..,,.... ,n. unployment, Sho caunot
not? -
 ■*"  ■"     '•"■■  * >'    "—'    a   luuonrary  giupioyiueuc,     .-no  cannot
iota, while on tho brim,  written In gold    recolvo the stlmulu. to her  vitality ihat
nk, wore the words,  "whew did j  ugot     , horse, for liislnnoo,   gota from labor In
that Imi
Underneath the mlnlaturo bnt won
sovoral layer, m felt, illcoly pluked to
use for the penwiper! but it is doubtful if It.owner will ever hove tiio !,o:irt to
djf.ise such a dainiy valentine, —z.
!■ ■ sunshine, A cow cannot do Imr beat
unless she la mndo .imfortnblo In a light
md  hccrful «i iblo,
It a nun liny, nu creilil. ho  dries   not
know when lie :• living within his means.
A   DRE3S   FOR   3ASV
Wl.lte   -J,iii,u:i][   I, the  ;Si>n»,t IF»l»rl.i fur
lllfftllt'.   «.,.,:
Bnliy with bi-i bisli,);i ilaovea in right In
the I'n-i'iion. Tha epAulet brimming,
t'io, id up to Jute, but may be omitted if
i simpler gown is desired,
While nainsook is the softest nnd
liainsloit fabrio   far   infant's  wniir,   liut
batiste and oambrica are loss nostly  and
probably wenr hart.-r
i'liiiiiys it batiste with tiny embroidered dots iu pink ur blue are dainty, .iin!
with u bit of ribbon of the same color
forming bows on the shoulder ttiiBu a,
ohariuiug effect.
it perms of
uf tho
]*.,riti.ii'm lit.- -Uttii.
From Paris comos the  cows th;
fuiim-i havo  ).j-ii rosi n*nil to favoi
Tlui u^f of hypodormio injoetii
violet extract is the latest, froalt
| Parlsionue. i*fiis uiotlioJ iiniil to lui-
part a lusting fragrance to the skin, ft
Is already nulto oasy to select among
the'women at tooeptiqna those who arn
addicted to this hrtijir
The j,Jim originated wicli a Paris 'iriig
gist, who comiuunluated it ro n few well-
known women. They loniidod Inntbers,
who in miiii told tlioir fflonds N'uw, it
Is assertod.hatf th,, sunioty women In tho
gay ■ Ity ;:,;, ih» needle and tho dell ate
This Is nil tlm more surprising from
tho fact that until very rocently the use
of scont-i has tieen BOUHidoredeznoodlngly
'ia.', foi'iii. Women of r,,tluua tnsteavolded
everything in that line ojccupt » deli late
•in :bet powder which was allowed tn tint
a place in tlrj handkerchief box and
clothes closet Most l-Viruiau whims find
enthusiastic supporto*.-. here, however,
and It is very probable that with tha
American morphine fiend and colpguo
driukor we shall have tbo perfume faddist.
hixtracts have increased In value, ind
■x irhltant iiri'-e- ,-,rn aaked for so-callod
■'permanent frngrunae." The favorite
distilled odors are violet and Invoudur
Horrible to ral-uc niiisk Is being wafted
abroml, and a new mixture of this pom*
Sr:iii:i4 scent is lenown in " l-'roa-l-'rou"
sach it.
Every ■• on in who uses perfumo il
my kind has her favorite Tne ono ruin
i* that there muot iie r: i mixing of
o.lirs. Tiio contents if bypodomiosyrln-
gen fachet ■ ng-, uromlasrs and toilet
water o'.;!j,s must hu >uo familiar por
Spring i .»,.-..
It is useless to talk if ^[iriiig ooAta fta
a fixed family, -ven as lata i- this, for
on.i iiewi ciiowswhat women are going
. i wear until the tlmo comes to wear it
However, .lie shops have uloomed out in
smart light coats lately, loose and tight
di'.ing. and many of thom reaching
barely below tho liip.s. One loo3e niiulot
in pale covert loth, horn shown, ta »d
vised as .. becoming leslgn »o:- si.giit
figures. It is girdlml trimly Into thu
will.-;*, wiiii i narrow bolt .,' y-ilow leather, .-in i thu sKirt piotured with it is of
ohcoked woo! in two shades of brown.
Aioot!. ir suit combination to bo worn
during Ltsuten days oonslsted of a plain
sk:vt in green and brown novelty wool
and a short oapo of plain green cloth.
Very beautiful hairy wools or.i being
shown for siyiisii street gowns, ami these
aro made up simply with too bodioe
with short oas'iios, and often a wide
gifiilo shapod belt aud stork of velvot as
;h«* only trimming
T.ie Into hats aro taking on fin airy
loi.u ludicativo ,f the approach ofsprlng,
though, naturally, it is too early for
shapes aud material tou.uttedeoldo tluuii-
.,•'%.'.- i,;iiititii hondgear, nevertheless,
i^ very smart, and here and there de-
ni'ire slinpltoity !i-mls Itself heeomiugly
to the sea.on. .Many of the sinali round
hata, ami ilmso on tlm sailor order with
narrow brims, aro mndo of a satin braid
in which a ooarse **.rnw ono Is iatro-
dncud. Itig loose roses In a vivid pink,
touch thom up becomingly against tbo
hair at the lie.'k or under the brim at
the sitto. On the outside thero Is a ion*
denoy to run a vast gauzy bow n»*russ
the front of nil the sni.ill lirim tints, with
spreading wings bshtnfl It, and in the
eentre lltlto ourled ulgretloa llkonphoaa-
ant's ore.t.
Stuffing in Tim...
.\n.iiher oauso ol tnl. ■ notes Is
tiio bad hiiLii*. whioh no many singers
lulttvnte of attempting to sing notes oub
of their r.iirh, sin'.. Mine. Kniiua
Nevada, ihe prima donna, in an art old
.rn "Importance of Kinging In Time," in
Mir.ii Ladles' Home Journnl. -'Toeing
i tiigo V .'j thnt li can Stinreeiy nu i ■
tlngutehed from n i' tiattiral in nit, i,
oeriainly nolther artistic, in usual ttjr
desirable. Therefore, avoid high coie«
until they are so itiroly within yourgriiup,
NotVOtlsness and foai havo also a pirn.iv.
ing i"To t upon ;!:o vocal oh irds, and may
•;; ,-:u a ilatt-.ug, which is as unpleasitnt
as it is distre-sing. When a Blnger is
frightened, therefore, she mo-* sing out
)f tune.but sho must overcome this nervousness If she wishes to suocoed, An
audience ruay excuse It on n tirsi appear*
alien, hut it should not endure it there
after. Nervousness aud fear must bo as
completely erndloated from the singer's
ari .is nny other bad habit. Tliero is a
-till further reason for singing out of
tune, and this Is distinctly In tho nariiro
il u ioubo for a soemlngly Inexcusable
thine—-thnt Is, tho fact that there is no
universal standard of pltoh in music.
Tho mud for n untver»»l standard
el pit h 1. desired by all musicians, hut
by none more fervontly than by singers,''
Dainty Turkish slippers of embroidered kid, with pointed, turned-up ions, onu
be prooured in ovory color to barmontce
with pretty house goons. Thoy aro very
pliable and light on t.ii ■ loet.and i<ulte lu
Charged Against an Aged Resi-
ft-mt of This City.
Arrest Based on the Confession of His
Tral'.-j-Year-Old Daughter.
Ja.enile Ineorrigibles
Fo- eome timo past Mr. J. Cleaver,
apparently u-iwerds of 60 years of age,
and better known aa tha "crumpet man,"
residing n i ichard Street, has been in
the habi. o( i'.l-using his 12-year-old
daughter, who recently arrived herefrom Birmingham, England, at his be-
hes':. Tils ill-treatment, in fart, had
becouo oo shamleas and conspicuous of
late an to arouse the indignation of
neighbors, who interfered on behalf of his
innocent and helpless charge. To all
their complaints he turned ar. indif-
ersni, ear, i::dicating a brutish insensibility t*.i;iunceptible alike to humane influence or scorn. Their pleadings having
no eft'ect upon the father, his daughter
was interviewed with the view of ascertaining the extent of her ill-treatment
and the cause therefor. Upon questioning her they were startled by a revelu-1
tion that cat-Bed them to send for the |
Chief of Police and have her father ar-
rested on the charge of incest. Accordingly ho was arrested by Chief Orossan j
Thursday night and confined in the
He  was  formally   arraigned   before
Magistrate Simpson yesterday morning
on the charge indicated, when  Magistrate Simpson remanded the case until !
to-day in order to give the prisoner en j
opportunity to ottain legal advice.
Subsequent to the police court pro-!
ceedim"', in the case of John  Cleaver, j
Dr. McKechnie had a private consultation wi'h Inc. authorities, as the  result
of which the verbal charge of incest preferred against the prisoner this morning
haf: been altogether changed, and the'
information  will   now   be  bused  upon
section 270 of the Criminal Code, which
"Everyone who attempts to have un-1
lawful orimlnal knowledge of any girl!
under -he age of '.4 years is guilty of an '
indictable ofvnce and liable to two years'
impt'.jonment ind be whipped."
The medical examination, it seems,
would not substantiate the original
charge—fortunately for the prisoner.
Mr. G. F. Cane has been retained by !
the Women's Christian Temperance
Union to prosecute the case.
Only last weelf we referred to the need j
of a refermity institution, and this week j
the fact wae emphasized by the discov-:
ery that a gang of young Incorrigibles
infest this city that make a  continual
practice of pivyi-ui.upon  the  resources,
of unwary  citizens, principally store-j
keepers.   The  Co-operative  store   has (
been the objectof theirspecial attentions
lately, and although  being caught   in
flagrante delicto, and   with   the   stolen
goods in their possession, the police refused to handle the matter on  account
of   the youth  of  the culprits.    Surely
something should be done to stop these
depredations, and also to punish and reform the depredators.
The Samson-Kennedy Slock is arriving daily at Stkvknson a Co's. Sale on
Tuesday, March 31st at » a. m.
A Night ill Old Ireland.
The following programme arranged by
Mrs. J.  H.  Ilavison  and  Mrs.   II.  H.
Smith will he rendered at the  Y. M. C.
A. this evening:
Chairman's Remarks, St. Patrick,
Ur. Mcleod
Piano Solo, selected  Miss Watson
Song, "There goes MoManus,"
Mr. (ins Bate
Solo, Lanjo Selection.. .Miss McGregor
Reading, selected   Mrs. Smith
Song, "Killarney" Miss Keildy
Irish Duet, irisfi Airs,
Messrs, Waters and Davies
Recitation, David aud Goliath,
Mr. l'\ Strain
Song, "Jarney THea"Mrs.J.II.Davison
l-AUT   ll.
Instrumental D-iet,
Misses Watson & Pollock
Song, "Rosie M ..rphy,"
Miss Christy McDonald
Corrot Solo, -elected. .Mr. J. Ilalverson
Song, "Katie B letter,".Mrs.I'ittenilrigh
Song, "Offto Philadelphia,"
Mr. R. Johnson
Reading Miss McDonald
Song, ' If yo:. Icvc me tell me so,"
Mr. Priestly
Admission 10 cents.
Rev. C*nr.« Cood will leave San Francisco or. the .'•.'r.d for this city.
Miss Mar; 3tefc!ss left on the .loan last
Wednesday tor Union to visit friends.
Mr. David Wilson,, the Provincial Inspector ni Schools, paid the local schools
a visit Tuesday and Union on Wednesday.
W.TJ. Jones, hitherto editor of the
Kamloops Sentinel, was in the city during the week. Mr. Jones has disposed
of his interest in U.e Sentinel.
Vhe division on Laurier's amendment
to s'.vu the Remedial bill a six months'
hoist wi.s lost by a vote of Ul in favor of
the amendment and 115 against.
The masquerade ball given at Wellington on Tuesday night under the auspices
of the Colliery Band proved a great success.
Mr. Williams' resolution in the Legislature favoring the residence of a Supreme Court judge at Vancouver was
carried by 19 to 10.
A "quotation social" was given at the
Presbyterian church on Tuesday night
under the auspices of the Y. P. S. C. E.
The prize waB won bv Mrs. Stanley Craig.
A young Norwegian named Johnson,
while going north on the Danube last
week, deliberately threw himself overboard and was drowned. He sank before assistance could reach him.
A concert and social was given in the
Wallace stieet Methodist church Tuesday evening and was largely attended.
The programme was of an exceptionally
high order, the artists including the best
the city affords.
Mr. W. Jarvis and Miss F.dith llar-
wood were united in marriage at the residence of the bride's parents Thursday
morning, Rev. R. R, Maitland officiating.
They left by tho Cutch to enjoy their
honeymoon on the Mainland.
The Provincial Grand Lodge A.O.U.W.
at Victoria elected J. E. Church (Victoria) Grand Master, J. T. Mclllmoyle
Grand Recorder, and R. T. Williams
Grand Receiver. The Grand Lodge will
meet in Victoria again next year.
Representative bodies throughout the.
Province have endorsed the Government's action on the British Pacific
proposition, and the Vancouver Board
of Trade moved a vote of thanks to the
Premier and cabinet :'ur, "service to the
The Loyal Crusaders, Sons of Temperance, gave an en terlainment in the Haliburton street. Methodist church Monday
evening, when a very interesting programme was rendered, consisting of dialogues, recitations, songs aud instrumental music.
Thomas Gibbons, Mike Ravlgan, Jos.
Dolan and Daniel Lynch were killed on
Saturday by an explosion in the Centre j
Star mine at Rossland. Ed. Shanagan
and Mike Brooks are perhaps fatally injured. McClements and Collins had a
narrow escape.
Magistrate Simpson Imposed a line of.
$10, with $6 costs, on Louis Steffelo for
assaulting E. W. McNeill. The magistrate refused the application of the defense for postponement in order to procure further evidence, and notice of appeal was given.
Andrew Cameron was on Tuesday
lined lj'50 on the evidence of a solitary
squaw, who averred be supplied her
with liquor. It in about time this law
was changed, as it is a well-known fact
that an Indian will swear to anything
in favor of the polk-e.
Charles Warwick, the defaulting Government agent at Westminster, whose
shortage proved to be $98-1 1.7-1, was committed for trial on Tuesday. On Thursday he was brought up for trial, when
he pleaded guilty and was sentenced to
four years' imprisonment,
Chief Justice Davie refused to grant
bail to Harry Creech, who, with Dr.
Garrow, is awaiting trial on the charge
of murdering Nellie Janes. Garrow was
allowed out several weeks ago, but the
Chief Justice said that Creech, unlike
Garrow, was not suffering from confinement and the Assizes were near
The C, P. R., in connection with the
C. & K. S. N. Co., have increased their
service to Kootenay from two to three
trips per week. This service, it is expected, will be maintained without interruption during the season. The train
time on the Nakusp & Slocan and Columbia & Kootenay roads will be arranged to make close connection with
the steamer from Arrowhead,
W. Martin,  who  for  some  time  had
kept the International  restaurant, has
disappeared   in the great elsewhere, to
the sorrow of many a  trusting  friend.
The Btory's told; 'tis in. surprise;
Ht'sltiii»ly failed—to advertise.
The lire boys were hurried out Saturday evening in response toil wild alarm.
A burning chimney at J. Swanson's residence, near Comox road, caused the unnecessary com motion.
Mr. J. McGregor bus received a letter
from Mr. W. Sloan staling that the party
from Nanaimo had left Juneau by
Steamer, which would carry them on
their journey a distance of HII miles, after
which they would have to Bet out with
sleighs for a distance of 1100 miles. The
remainder of the journey will be made
by bout, which they will have to build
unless they lire fortunate enough to lie
able to buy ono. The party are all well.
Thomas Mansfield, alias " Red Gallagher," who broke jail at Nelson lust January after choking jailor Miles into in-
sensi.bilily  und  helping  himself to his
Hirst Estate Matter.
A Numerously Signed Petition to Be
Presented the Council Against
The delayed match between the Na-
A Correspondent Elucidates the  naimo  Athletics  and   the   Wellington
team has again been postponed.
The Northtield Violets will meet the
Victoria Junior Wanderers at thecapital
to-day to decide the semi-final contest.
The Wanderers of Victoria defeated
the Wellington team last Saturday on
the latter's ground by five goals to two.
The Nanaimo Cricket Club met last
Saturday  evening  and  reorganized  for
the  coming season  with  the following
officers:  President,  S. M. Robins; vice
time of the old What Cheer House fire,   presidents, W. McGregor, C.H.B. Potts,
At that time it was understood that the  J. Pawson, W. lleddle, Geo. Bevilock-
late John Hirst presented to the city  way ; captain, J. Hodgson; vice captain,
that wedge-shaped strip of land, as he  J. Hickman; secretary, Austin Gibbs;
would have better fire protection  when . treasurer, J. Hickman.   Satisfactory ar-
the Royal Hotel was built,  and,  if my   rangenients having been made for the
memory serves mt right, Mr. Hirst at use of the new cricket ground, the secre-
that time gave the lines for the city to  tary was directed  to arrange dates for
EniTOR Mail—It is a matter of comment all over the city whether the city
fathers are going to allow the Hirst estate
to encroach on the street, or at least build
up to the old line  that  existed at the
ne gave
build up a cribbing, and I think that
cribbing still remains where it was
built; and healso gave a piece of ground
for a lire hall. Now, I find, the receiver
of the Hirst estate has fenced in the fire
hall property. What is the matter with
him? Probably he does not know that
the Hirst buildings on the opposite side
are encroaching on the street about four
or live feet, and that the ratepayers are
as well posted as he is himself. Then,
again, the receiver of the Hirst estate
does not seem to be aware that the approach to Hirst's wharf is on city property, and that one of the warehouses as
well as the wharf is encroaching on
Bastion street. I was glad that the
Council of 1S90 had the foresight to
build a dog pound on the street, so as
they could still maintain their right to
the property, but at the time it was
built there were very few who knew
what it was for, but probably this letter
will remind them; and I, for one, think
it about time our city fathers built ai
public wharf at the foot of Bastion
street, and then the fanners could land;
their produce. Probably the public does
not generally know that the alley running from Bastion Street to Wharf street,
and also Krauklyn street, run down to
the water front, but they do; and the
sooner the city fathers look after these
strips of land the better it will be for the
public, or very soon they will be lost-
sight of; but I think the parties that,
have the reins in their hands are equal
to the occasion. Citizen,
future matches; and other matters were
left to the management oonfiinittee—H.
Dawson, Webster, Hilton, Calverley, J.
11. Hawthornthwaiteand Wagslaff.
The N. A. C. has elected officers for
the coming year as follows: President,
J. White; vice president,.). Curry; secretary, E. B. Drummond; treasurer, J.
C. Reilly; wardens, S. Andrews, J. l'in-
der and J. Gordon.
The Oar.
At a meeting of the executive committee of the North Pacific Association of
Amateur Oarsmen held in Seattle on
Saturday, it was decided to hold the annual regatta at Vancouver on July 24-H5.
A great international regatta is being
arranged to take place at Vancouver in
September, when Gaudaur will row Stan-
bury for the world's championship and
$1000 a side. Hanlan, Peterson and other
crack oarsmen are expected to be present, ami a week's carnival is promised.
A petition is in circulation and being
numerously signed, asking the Council
to endeavor to make arrangements; to
widen Commercial street, and in Urn
meantime obviate tbe necessity for their
erection of the Nanaimo hotel bulletin!
to the proper or official street, iine.
Song service at 3:80 p. m. in charge of
the Hcyal Templars.   All welcome.
ST. aluan's church.
Fifth Sunday in Lent, March 22,1896.
Holy Communion at 8 a. in.; Morning
Prayer, Litany and sermon at 11 a. in.;
Sunday school at 2:80 p.m.; Evening
Prayer at 7 p. m. Rev. E. G. Miller will
preach in the evening. Week-day services
and meetings—Daily .Morning 'Prayer at
0:80 a.m. Wednesday: Children's service with address by Archdeacon Scriven
at 8:80 p. in.; livening Prayer with address at 8 p. in. Bund of Hope Monday
at 8:80 p. in. Gen. W. Taylor, rector.
Services at 11 A. m. and 7 v. u. Sunday
school end  pastor's  Bible class a.t 2:80
,1.    Midweek meeting,  Wednesday,
i0 p. M, All seats free; all are invited.
1,'ev. W. A.Gunlon, pastor, 100 Farquur
Samson-Kennedy Stock
—Commences on—
Tuesday, Mar. 31
At 9 a. m.
This will be the business event of the season.
Get Ready for
Steyenson & Co.,
41 and 43 Commercial St.,      Nanaimo, B. C.
r ioneer Steam Laundry
have opened a Branch Office in the
McAdie Block, Victoria Crescent.
Repairs Neatly done.
Sbirls, Collars and Culls a Specialty,
Box 95.
Parcels delivered  in tbe city free
Terms strictlv cash.C. O. D.
D. M. STEWART, Proprietor.
Drlfiti O'Lynn had no boots to wear,
so he eaino to Nanaimo to buy him a palrj
"I'll havo ono pair of thick mul one pair of thin,
If l oan (imi Whitfield's," says Brian O'Lynn.
do hunted tho Btores all along the main route,
Says he: ''The right one I've nol yot found out.
1 want Whitfield -I'll buy only from him,
For he sellB tiif( heapeBt," says Brian O'Lynn.
Scotch Bakery
Me stepped ii little iveBl
He saw will
Has not changed hands—only one oi tiie
partners has retired; but
f Albert street:
tdeld'8 Blgn—sure'twns a treat; „ -_
,,-d the door and ooorge stood within- Our Celebrated Dread
Evidently Prom Texas.
Editor Mail—Nanaimo appears to be
peculiar city—or the  people,  rattier.
I Wednesday last, having occasion to visit
j your city, my attention  was called  to
| your court house by seeing a large crowd
I gathered   there,   and,   having   a   little
; leisure time, thought I would "take in"
J what was going on.    Upon  entering I
; was surprised to hear a little pompous
! man on the bench "going for" the peo-
| pie who  were  present.   Because some
remark that had been made caused them
to smile a little loudly, he at once said,
"If I hear any more of the like I  will
have you all locked up in the Bastion."
I  being   one   of   the   party,   naturally j
enough inquired what he meant, when
I was informed that he was the police
magistrate recently appointed, and felt
his position very  much, and  that the'
Bastion was the block building erected ''
by the Hudson's Bay Company several
years ago, and now used as a city lockup.   I would like to inquire "on what
meat has this great Ciesar fed," that he
has become so  imperious?   If he had
used language to property-owners where
I came from like he did on the occasion
referred to, some one would very likely
lire him out of the window before he had
time to repeat it.    I think the people of'
Nanaimo must be very law-abiding, or
they would not stand such like—111 fact
I do not know any other place  where
they would.   It reminded nie very much
of a bantam rooster on his perch,
A Brief Meeting.
A special meeting of the Municipal
Council was held on Thursday night for
the purpose of discussing the amended Revenue By-law. There were
just a quorum present, consisting of
Mayor Davison, Aid. .Vilsnn, Martell,
McDonald, Planta and Foreman.
On motion the Council went into committee of the whole to consider the bill
clause by clause.
Aid. Wilson immediately rose and
staled he had compared the new by-law
Morning service at 11 o'clock; Bible
claBB and Sabbath school at 2:30 p. in.;
evening service at 7. The pastor will
preach at both services. All welcome. S.
O. Stewart, pastor pro teni.
Nanaimo Spiritualists Association will
meet in Spiritualists'hull, Odd-Fellows'
building, Sunday afternoon, .Mar. '2'2, at
3 o'clock.   Ladies' Aid meets at 2 ]-. M.
Circles for members only every Sunday
evening at 7;80.
Promiscuous circle every Thursday at
7:80 p. m.   All are welcome.
Farewell to Bro. Counter.
At a meeting of   Doric Lodge, No. 18,
j B. O. R., A. F. & A. M., held Tuesday
; evening, March 17, the following resolutions were passed :
wiiF.itKAs. Thetelatlons tuui escoclatfonsbetween ihe memborsoi Doric Lodgt. Nn. 18, B.C.It.
A.V.& A.M., nnil ils retiring treasurer, Bro.
Countor, iiRvliig always i,eeu of a mosl cordial |
mul friendly character, they desire tn express,
on his leuviiii- the city and bis consequent with-
drawal from tho oHloe he has no ithlynml o;H-
clently  tilled shin- the Inauguration of the!
lodge, tholr arateiul sense ol liis services iiml ;
their esteem fur him t>oih ana nian mul ti v.uson:
therefore lie* it
icSfcOI,vim, Thai tiie retirement of Bro. Conn- !
ter from lhe Ireasurershlp ol dis lodgo mul the i
ciUnenship of Nanaimo Is u subject of sincere .
regret to nil ihe members of Doric Lodge, and
that no form of words run adequately express
the tit'ili regard they entertain for him.
Bksoi.vko. That Boric Lodge, altboiigb de-
oriveti of i,is valuable services as treasurer,
will never cense to remember with gratitude I
the Interest he has always taken in Its prosperity.
Bksoi.vkii. Thai in whatever pursuit he may
engage the members of Doric Lodge most heartily wish nun success, iv,'ll knowing thai he
richly (I,'sines il: anil (hut. wherever he may
t,e located, ilieir wannest Bympathio' wil' he
Willi lii,n, unit iiml, when die last tick shall
Bound and the mainspring be brol'en, he may
lie celled in thai Grand Lodge mi IiIkIi—iiihi
house not nnuie with lunula, eternal iu Ihe
heavons, where partings are unknown, Further 'ie it
RKSOI.VBO, That a copy of these resolutions
he spread upon tlie minutes mul a copy banded
to Bro. Counter.
" I've found ii ai lust," says Brian O'Lynn,
Wo showed him ouroalf hoots, kid and i owbldo,
The ones we pruise most no senilis nt the side.
We've hoots ol nil kin,is from Quebec and Berlin.
" Sure you've boots for the million," says Brian
O'Lynn. [notrosh:
lie bought him his hoots, which of course were
He paid down his monoy, for wo sell only for
Totliunnbllohosaysi "Be not taken in, leash.
Buy only from Whiitiehl," says Brian O'Lynn
"if there's a leak In lhe too or sldoof your shoe.
.lust takeli to Whitfield, that's nil you aeod 'to;
lie will peg it or patch lust ivhllo you nre iu,
Ami the Charge seems like nothing," snvs Briuli
Is made hy the same huinls. ami citato*
men* euu ilcpentl upon getting lhe same
Sweet Bread and
Fresh Cakes	
From the present Proprietor,
WH [TFIELD, the Shoe Man, | j&rliljgtOIJ JJ OteL
Victoria Crbsoknt, Nanaimo.
The Most Complete Stock
Jas. McGregor's
Victoria Crescent.
Having completed tho erection of the Arlington
Hotol at NAN00SK BAY; this handsome and
Qommodloufl hotel is now prepared to receive?
and comfortably entertain travelers mul others.
Is presided over by Mrs. Thompson, and the;
Table d'Hote constantly provided with nil the
delicacies of the season. Combined with the
elegant furnished apartments, the visitor duds
tho surroundings of the must pleasant doscrlp-
Restaurant and Chop House
Co.MMKHCIAl,  S'l'llKKT.
Oysters in every style.
Meals, 2f>e. and upwards.
Good Beds, '2.r>e. nnd upwards.
Bro. Counter gracefully expressed his I Spring Chicken always on band.
appreciation of tlm honor, and assured , ,—.
tin- iiien-l-era of tho. Imlire how kernlv lie' .„        ,„ .,      ,,,    ,„ ,      /(   ,
felt the impending separation between|Try Philpott'S Tomato Catsup
guardian's watch, revolvers, money and wjth the 0,,, ()|)e f)[ ,8f)3 an(, fonn(i t,]ere
suit of clothes, and who was subsequent- waB very |-ttje material difference, and
ly recaptured, pleaded guilty to the that it would ,je to Uie intere8t o( tlie
oll'ense at Kamloops the other day and !c-ty (o mere,y ameml certain c|ttllBe8 of
was sentenced by Judge Spinks to three I the oM one Umt requ-,.ed amending In-
This will be the greatest sale of bargain:! ever attempted in Nanaimo, 13. C.
Stkvenso.i & Co."
years in the penitentiary.
!    On Tuesday  night  burglars made a
| raid on the residences of  MeSSl'S. Stret-
j house, Strickland street, and A. I). JIc-
1 Kenzie, Hecate street, during the tern-
! porary absence of  the families, taking
from the former .f26 in cash, watch and
chain and a piece of jewelry, anil from
the latter a lady's gold watch ami chain,
gentleman's silver watch and chain, gold
stead of going to the expense of bringing
in the new one.    He therefore moved,
seconded by Aid.  McDonald,  that  the
committee rise.   Carried.
Council then adjourned.
Anlay Morrison for Westminster.
Sixty-one delegates were present at
the Liberal convention at Westminster
on Tuesday to select a candidate for that
district.    The balloting resulted in  the
himself ami them.
Appropriate speeches were also made
by members of the lodge and visiting
Bro. Taggart, lodge organist, brought! -
the proceedings to a eloBe hy playing ' *
"Auld Lang Syne" with much feeling.
25c. and Bile, per llottle.
We Never Sleep.       Open Day and Night.
Private B.)?i ding
Wallace Street,
brooch, silver brooch, gold ring, $2,60 choice of Aulay Morrison by a good ma-
Kaelo is lo have a smelter.
It pays to read our advertisements,
and 211-friinc gold pieces. Suspicion reslB
upon a Irani]! who was seen in the neighborhood during the evening. No further
clue; noiarrests,
jority, ami the nomination Was nnuie
unanimous by an enthusiastic standing;
vote. Other candidates were ll.,l. Munn,
A. Henderson, A. Ewen and Kev. Buchanan.
How's This ?
Victoria papers published a report to
tbe effect that II. M. S. Counts left Esquimau on Saturday lust on a secret
mission which those in authority would
not divulge. However, as an instance
of having to go from home to learn the
news, the following telegram from Vic-
| toria appeared in the San Francisco Call I BETWMN tiik METHODIST OHUBOH
underdateof the9th inst.: LND ■••„•• . . . UNION BREWERY.
Unexpected orders were received  by  — ,
H. M. 8. Oomus and Pheasant on Sun-  ^    , ^.« -r*,      .
day. The Oomus Is now In drydook being I in I'lll I llTflT HlWMIH'V
Overhauled. The work Is being rapidly | \jUMtlll Vlj^tt'l XUHUU1J ,
pushed to completion, it being expected
the two cruisers will start on Saturday
for Honolulu. Their object in proceeding to that port is unknown except to
the admiral, who received cable advice
on Sunday on which immediate action
was required. It is given out that the
vessel's work will simply he to protect
lit'ilish interests in case of a revolution.
The Pheasant hud intended going to
Bering sea in a short time,
City Market
 _—, ^
Wholesale and Retail Butchers
P. O. Box 227 Telephone 7-8
Ask for -:-    (OhampaonkOidbr
I NlllA   \\ ATKll
Lawrence's) fir™
Minill.'iirtiiri-rnf'1't'luihthiii'i' llriiik*,.Svriips,A;e..
Delivered Iran to nil parts of oity anil vicinity.
loir** I'liuupi iittfuiioii |,ui,i toahlunliigordoni,
Telephone8-4. P.O.Box7D, Nanaimo.
c. c. Mckenzie,
Land Agent and Conveyancer,
Town Lota and Farmi fnr Sale.   Money to i,otm
<iii MortuiiKr u( low rules.
Agent for tho United Fin- Insurance Company
ol Manchester, England,
Our Cigars are made ol thu Choicest Havana
Tobaooos*  Our famous
Culiiiii Blossom ■•<•>
Hhick Diamond
Aro called for everywhorCj and un> sttporlor to
any Imported Hniir.  Made by Union Labor,
M. J. BOOTH, Wharf Street.
Two Large Stores
On Victoria Crescent, in best
situation, llont moderate. For
particulars apply at
Market, Bastion Stuebt.
Steamers and Bblpplng supplied on short notice
nt Wholesale l-rlooa,
1 p


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