BC Historical Newspapers

BC Historical Newspapers Logo

BC Historical Newspapers

The Nanaimo Mail May 9, 1896

Item Metadata


JSON: nanamail-1.0082471.json
JSON-LD: nanamail-1.0082471-ld.json
RDF/XML (Pretty): nanamail-1.0082471-rdf.xml
RDF/JSON: nanamail-1.0082471-rdf.json
Turtle: nanamail-1.0082471-turtle.txt
N-Triples: nanamail-1.0082471-rdf-ntriples.txt
Original Record: nanamail-1.0082471-source.json
Full Text

Full Text

Array ll
NO. 47.
i Stale.
We do not sell merely <'bea|i goods—almost anyone can do that, but we
do sell the BEST GOODS obtainable ut astonishingly
I" GROCERIES our stock is very large, and in every line we have
something extra good,
TEA—Our "Special" Brand, 25 cents per pound, still leads. This is
the best value in tiie country.
COFFEE—Our "Empress" is not easily excelled; 40 cents per pound.
BUTTER—We keep only the best, grades in Creamery, in tubs, lOlbs.,
201 be., 0011 is. Fresh Ranch Butter comes In regularly. Also the
Famous DELTA CREAMERY, certainly the best butter in this
PURE COMB HONEY In original frames.
PURE JAMS, 71b. palls, Gouts.
CHOICE ROLLED OATS, 80 pounds for $1,00.
COAL OIL—We sell this article lower than tho lowest, nnd in addition we supply FREE -he celebrated Patent Automatic Oil
Can.   It is a dandy.
So it is in every line we have something it will pay you to use.
SEEDS "' :|ll sorts. Field, Gurden and Flower. We have a large stock.
BOOTS AND SHOES— We have a very large stock at ligures that
will surprise you.
Be sure you give us a call if only to get some pointers*
Victoria Crescent.
The People's Store,
Official Programme of Nanai*
ino's Great Celebration.
Regatta, Horse Races, Bicycle Races,
Lacrosse, Hose Reel Contests,
Athletic   Sports   and
Rifle Matches.
RIKI,E MATCH, MAY 28, at 1:30.
The following is the programme for
the Nanaimo Rilie Association meet to
| be held at Nanaimo on May 28, in connection with the Queen's Birthday cele-
i bration:
| 1 Team match, 200, 500 and 000 yds.
open to teams of live men, seven snots
!at each range—1st, prize, !f]5; 2nd, $10|
i entrance if 1 for each team.
2 Individual match, 200 yards, same
! score us in above match to count—Prizes
[ *•>, IA, If8, :f2 50, Jj2, !fl 50, .fl.  Entrance
25 cents.
3 Individual match, 600 yards-
Prizes same us in match No. 2; score
Sameasin match No. 1. Entrance 25
4 Individual match, 000 yards—same
score ns in mutch No. 1; same prizes as
in matches No's 2 and 8. Entrance 25
5 Aggregate match—Prizes, $7, $5,
and $3.    Entrance 25 cents.
Shooting to begin at 1 ;80 sharp.
Matches to be regulated by the rules
of B. 0. Ride Association.
<fy% 4»<4.'»/V^*»>->Vfc •»%»■% *t.-»*'a-*a^*a^%*^<».***^*^e>"SiV-»», V1»
jyffikc Yotor F^et G^d
In White, Brown or Grey.
Tan Low Shoes in Lace or Button.®
Regatta, May 25.
BTAKT 5) A. M,
1. Buys' race, 14 years and under, in
single scull gunwale boats; course 1 mile
with turn—Prizes, lishing rods, value $5
an I :,2.60.
2. Girls'race, 14 years and under, In
single scull gunwale bonis; course 1 mile
with turn—Prizes: 1st, sunshade, value
?5; 2nd, dry goods, value .)2..r)0.
8. Coal miners' race (confined to
members of M. & M.L.P.A., who have
never computed in a race) iu double
si till gunwale boats with coxswain, l'„
miles with turn*—Prize, Cup, value $10,
presented by Foreman & Hardy, and if 10
from celebration funds.   No entrance,
4. First-class sail ing race, for lion ts 20 to
80 ft. water line (time allowance); course
about 10 miles—Prizes: 1st, $125; 2nd,
$00; 3rd, $25.   Entrance, 5 per cent.
5. Single scull rowing match, for amateurs, in   IS ft.   lapstreak   outriggers;
'course lb. miles, with turn—Prizes, tro-
Iphies:  1st,  value j-20; 2nd, value .flO;
ti. Peterboro canoe race for amateurs,
I double puddles; course  1!.-,   miles with
] turn—Prizes: 1st, trophy, value :jl5; 2d,
cigars, value: 0. Entrance fee50c. added.
7. Single scull rowing ma lull for professionals in 20 It. lapstreak  outriggers;
course 2  miles with turn—Prizes: 1st,
|$25; 2nd,lf,10.   Entrance, 50c.
S. Log balancing contest—Prize, $10.
! 0. Indian war canoe rare for 10 pnd-
! dies with stcerer; courso llu miles with
I turn—Prizes, .'55 and S22.
10. One upsetjjjPeterboro canoe race,
single paddle; course 200 yards—Prizes:
i 1st, 15.15; 2nd, $5.
11. Barrel race, in costume, broom
j propellers—Prizes (value), so and $2.60.1
Potts, W. McGregor, II. Simpson, M.
Lamont, R Gibson, J. H. Cocking. E.
B. Drum mood, J. Hickman, M. Wood-
1. Dry Test—Run 125 yards to hydrant, oouplo on to hydrant, lay 200 feet
of hose, break coupling, screw on nozzle.
Time to be taken from drop of nozzle.
2. Wet Test—Run 126 yards to hydrant, couple ou tbe hydrant, lay 200
feet ot hose, break coupling, screw on
nozzle. Time to be taken when water
leaves nozzle.
ln both cases cart to carrv not less
than 300 feel of 4-ply hose. 'All couplings, including hydrant and nozzle, to
be on not less than three full turns.
Hose carts to be manned by not more
than 12 men.
Prizes—$100 for each race, providing
two visiting tenuis compete with borne
A prize of *75 for each race, providing
only one visiting team competes with
home team.
In case there is no visiting team, $100
v ill bj given for B oris to be contested
for hy members of the Nanaimo Fire
Brigade, events to be hereafter agreed
Upon by the coinmittee. Races to be
governed by N. W. F. A. Rules.
Decision of referees to be final.
Protests, if any, to be made in writing
within three hours of the event against
which said protest is made, otherwise it
will not be considered by committee—
\V. H. Morton, R. Nightingale, and E.
McG. Van lioui.cn.
The End of Nanaimo's Cause
Result Not Altogether Unexpected.
The Grand Jury Recommend
Invstigaliou  in the
Simpson Case.
The Nanaimo Spring Assizes opened
on Tuesday morning and terminated on
j Wednesday afternoon, Mr. Justice Drake
; presiding.     The grand   jury  returned
HORSE RACES--.MAY 26 at 1:30.
1 Running face, open to all coiners,
best two out of three heats, distance half
mile—1st prize, $100; 2nd prize, entrance
money.    10 per cent entruhce.
2 Trolling race against time, confined
to city and district stock, distance about
?4 mile—1st prize 150; 2nd prize, entrance money.   Entrance 5 percent.
3 Scrub race, open to all comers,
other than competitors in other races—
1st prize, 1(50; 2nd entrance money.
Entrance 5 per cent. Distance hall mile
and repeat.
4 Pony race for ponies not over 14
hands high. 1st prize, $30; 2nd, entrance money. Entrance 2V, per cent.
Distance half mile and repeat.
The running, Bcrub and pony race will
he run over the old track endi'iv
Dew Drop bold.
The trotting race will start at
Good Templars' hall and end ut
Italian hotel.
The running race, prize $100, wil
started at 1:80 p in. sharp.
true hills in the cases of Anna Ballo,
concealment of birth; Keetloosh, an Indian, attempting to inflict grievous bodily harm and unlawfully wounding Win.
Ailclieunk; and J. P. Planta, stealing
in his capacity of official administrator
and disobedience to the statute.
_ This matter, which has occupied public attention for the past. Uvo years' was
brought ton finish on Wednesday bv tbe
defendant being lined $75 for disobedience to a statute.
The accused occupied a seat bv the
side of his counsel, Mr. J. Todd Aiknian,
Mr. F. McB. Young appearing on behalf of tbe Crown.
Mr. Young withdrew all the charges
except that on which the defendant was
fined. Before the fine was imposed Mr.
Aiknian asked leave to call witnesses to
the character of his client. This being
granted, A. llaslam, George Williams,
C. C. MclCcnzie, W. K. Leighton, M.
Bate, sr.. and ,1. If. Pleace deposed in
turn of their business relations with Mr.
Planta extending over many years, and
chat they had always found' him perfectly honest and prompt in meeting his
Mr. Aiknian said he would ask his
at the llordship to deal leniently with the ac-
leuscd.   In addition  to putting in tiiis
anda key of.the nearest hydrant, for
better protection against lire'in tiiis institution.
We visited Chinatown and found sanitary affairs in a bad condition; we find
that pigs ure kept and slaughtered in
close proximity to bouses inhabited bv
Chinese, and would respectfully request
you to bring this mailer to the attention
of the proper city authorities.
Wellnd that tin' city fire hall and the
Provincial gaol are In good order.
We further beg to call your attention
to tiie fact that a great deal of comment
has been mude in regard to the case of
11. A. Simpson, barrister of this city,
versus certain Justices of tbe Peace ut
Union, B, C, and as the matter has not
been investigated satisfactorily to the
minds of a great many persons in the
community, we would respectfully request tliat you impress upon the Provincial authorities the necessity of making such investigation as they shall
deem lit.
We would also beg to request that you
present to the proper authorities "the
advisability of taking some steps to reduce the costs of collections of debt, especially in sinali amounts, as imposed
by the legal profession.
_ tt'e wisli to congratulate the Provincial authorities upon lhe erection of the
new Court House in our city, which is
now completed, and we trust thatbv the
time the next Assizes are held it will be
suitably furnished and ready for occupation.
We would urge that remuneration be
made to Grand Jurors for their services.
In conclusion we thank vour lordship
for the able assistance you have rendered us in enabling us to .come to our
conclusions in the various cases placed
for our consideration.
Yours Respectfully,
A. R. Joiixstox, Foreman.
The Thorn Removed From Our Pillow.
The Devil Solves the Mystery.
The first heat of the trotting rm
take place immediately after tlj.
heat of the running race.
All other races will be started in as
quick succession as possible. Ail ruces
will be best two heats out of three.
Three entries iu all races or no race.
G. Raymond, Starter; T. O'Ooiinell
and .III .Huwthornthwaite, judges.
Commit tee—Thompson and Scoville,
Dunlop Bros . Geo, Baker, J. II. Cocking, J. Humphries.
(lie 'evidence, which he felt confident would
the j have due effeut,he wished to draw atten-
j tion to the fact that all the proceedings
be i hitherto taken hy the government against
j his client, every one of them, had been
Lacrosse Match, May 28, 4 p. ra.
On   Caledonian   Grounds—Vancouver
Beavers vs. Nanaimo.
will I dropped—not because uf settlements ef
first tauten* by his client, but because, on investigation,  the Crown  had found the
Cbarges groundless.
His lordship said the offense for which
the accused bud been indicted, a-id the
only offense which the Crown hail seen
fit to enforce against him, wus a breach
of duty as administrator. The counts
which involved more serious charges
having been abandoned,the one under
consideration came to him more or less
as a technical ottense in one sense. It
was a breach of duty in his capacity of
a Government officer, not to return iin-
Mr. Andrew Iluslain, who bo ably represented this district for the past three
The above paragraph, taken from
an effusion in the evening sheet,
has seriously disturbed our editorial repose since we read it. The paragraph itself looks innocent enough,
nothing to startle or alarm; but the
thorn in our pillow was, in what
category of the literary world it belonged. We know that the editor
of the evening sheet prides himself
on being something of a humorist,
and we wondered if he was making
an elephantine attempt to imitate
Bill Nye, Mark Twain or M. Quad.
The difficulty of settling our mind
on the humori t theory was the absence of humor. We had to reluctantly abandon the theory. We
next  entered  an  exploratory tour
mediately to the Government the hinds I through the tit-Id of satire, and had
winch he received from various estates.   .Immt mirli ,m n„. „l    l ,i   .
Instead of doing this, he had taken upon •   l ")iUlt "P, 0U,r mnul that our
Cash Boot and Shoe Store,
No. 17 & 19 Commercial Street.
Prices Right to Date.
li). Greasy pole walking—Prize, 1 ham. I w'ill determine the competitors
Committee—E. Quennell,  J. Hilbert, ['against the Beavers on  the 25tl
himself the administration, and had administered the estate asa private administrator would have done. The statute
did not allow any deduction except for
burial expenses and certain cbarges for
care of property, etc. Other disbursements had to lie made by the treasury,
into which all oilier moneys must be
paid. He had given the case careful
consideration, and was familiar with tbe
A meeting nf the Intermediate League
occurs at. Westminster to-day.   Will F.
Norris will represent Nanaimo.
Much interest is centred in the match
12, Klootuhmaus' canoe1 race in Indian  between the Intermediates and Black
canoes, two paddles—Prizes, '•> and *8,   Diamonds (juniors; to-dny, ns its result
  -:" '-'--  ■ -- *' ■"       to phiv i ''u"81
i. The : Sl'l'ti"n."' tne act to which Mr. Aiknian
hud referred. Under the circumstances
he did  not think  the case was one in
II Mudill    Goal  .. .1 Ilurdv^'.''''1] a1,K}"fer" penalty should be in-
W E Newenmh . .Point... J McDonald »|-!-*d- -■'•• sentence therefore was that
J Fitzgerald . .Cover Point . .1 Martin I the accused pay to the Crown tiie Fum
A VV McGregor. 1 Defense.
2 Defense
3 Defense.
.Centre ..
3 Home .
2 Home
1 Home   .
G. K. Caine, J.J. Iloueyinan, J. M. Rudd
Dr. Curric, W. Thompson, J. H. Haw
thornthwalte, V. Thurburn, T. Dobson
VV. T, Heddle, secretary-treasurer.
Bicylc Ruces, May 25.
Starter- Jus. McGregor, M.P.P. ,, „ ,..,
Time-keepers- Win.   McGregor and   ? 'W'.T'" "
° J C McGregor
J E Rogers
following tennis have been chosen
Intermediates Black Diamonds
 .1 Hardy
J McDonald
...J Martin
ol .
I Ward Bell
! V Stewart.
Chas. Deeming
Referee—J. Newton
t.. E. c. joiinson, Manager.
As the New Spring Season
is now upon us	
to come and inspect our stock of
Do Not Fail
i's Millinery
Our stock this season we assure you is
complete in every respect and bound
to please. It comprises all the latest
novelties, etc. A very fine and well
assorted stock of Ladies' Sailors and
Children's Galatea, Silk and Lace Hats.
Crescent Store, Nanaimo, B. C.
Judges—W. K. Leighton and Martin.
Clerk of Course— VV.  Edmods, 11. 1J.
Lap-laker—John Shaw, Geo. Fletcher.
l'lUKUlAMME Olf UAOeS—BTA1T AT 1 .111).
1st Prize, ind.
1 mile novice	
,'.j mile amateur	
1 mile amateur	
2 mile amateur 	
ii mile amateur  	
5 mile amateur	
A third prize of .5 in lust named race.;
Ladies'Race—1st  prize,  gold watch;
2nd, silver watch ; Bra, Jewel Cuse, pre-1
sented by VV. M. Langton,
ii mile, standing start .'. .WO 00 $10.00
1 mile handicap  80.00   10,00
2 mile       "         85 00   10.00
8 mile        "        40.00    15.00
6 mile        "         70.00   25.00
A third prize of if 10 in latter event.      j
A E Hilbert...
W Ii Mudill.Outside Home.
SC Hague . .Inside Home
7 60
7 51
Field Captain—E B Drumiuond
The Trijjg-er.
The first shoot for the Nanaimo Rifle
Association cup took place Inst Saturday
afternoon, when the following scores
were made: VV. McGregor B8, C. il. 'darker 7t), VV. Well 87, B. Watson 72,Shore
,-Jd 70, Miller (ill, l'ittcn.lrigb lil, Him ncourt
47, Ii. Dempscy 40, Leighton '•
,R Simpson   ul *70'   T'le aill0"nt was promptly paid.
.. R Giiison I OTHER cases.
11 Dempster! In passing sentence on the Indian
.. J Lukey Keetloosh, his lordship said the crime
W Glaliolm .for which the prisoner appeared before
. W Brown i him was one committed while under the
. W Hillwt influence of liquor supplied by some
.. .1! Martin j white person, adding that he would pre-
W Taylor | fer to inflict the punishment upon  the
man who hud supplied the liquor than
upon the prisoner himself. He then sentenced the prisoner to six months' imprisonment with hard labor.
ancient friend had come out as a
follower of the great Swift or Rabelais, and hung out his shingle as a
full-blown satirist. We say, "had
almost made up our mind,"'because
at this point the primer's devil
whispered a word in our eiu—
Eureka! the mystery wns solved.
All our fine-spun theories of wit,
humor and satire were "knocked
into a cocked hat." The mystical
word was "toadyism." With this
cathode ray thrown on the subject,
let us repent the paragraph and put
it in small caps:  "Mb. Andrew
YEARS." In the name of all that is
holy—yen, and all that is unholy,
what has he done for the district
since his election? Echo answers
What? With the exception of an
excursion trip across the C. P. It, to
Ottawa nud keeping his sent warm
At. Portland Sunday the liume team
defeated Victoria—10 to 4.
At Tacomii Wednesday Victoria beat
the homo teiim—11 to 8.
Ai Portland on Wednesday the home
team lost to Seattle—S to 7.
|    The  present standing of   the league
■ series is as follows:
Won Lost
To be run in connection   with   the  Seattle     3     1
bicycle races on the Caledonian grounds  Victoria     1     1
commencing at 1:30 p. m. Portland     1     l
1   220-yard race, open—Prizes, $10 00  Tacoma     1     3
and if7 50 cash. Tho Victoria Amities and Wellington
t^,*    ™ce' a»«teur—1st prize, ! ninfl are billed for a match in Victoria
 ""      1 pair pants j to-day.
Ii the case of Anna Halo, be consid- during the sessions of Parliament
ercd that a nominal punishment would ,',..,,,.;„„ li. <, ,1 ,,.. j , i '
be 8ufflcie.it under the circumstances, as ! 'aWI"§ '",s slliU.V and returning,
beyond the mere concealment of birth I ll would take a magnifying glass of
there was no suggestion of impropriety,  greater power than any yet invent-
1 '  ed to discover what benefit he has
The sentence of the court was '.'4 hours
Imprisonment, and as this dated from
the lirst day of the assizes, the prisoner
was now discharged.
The entire docket now being disposed
of, the petit jurors were discharged, und
the court rose sine die.
1 dozen Elite Photos: 2nd
3   ,*4-mile race, open—1st prlle, *15;
2nd, UO.
A practice match between members of
4   1^-mile race, amateur—1st prize, j of the local club will take place on the
1 violin, (Fletcher); 2nd, 1 pair pants,  new grounds this afternoon.
5 Lj-mlle race, open—1st prize, 115:
2nd, 110.
0 Boys' race under 15 years—1st
prize, 1 dozen photos (Sampson) j 2nd
1 pair slippers (Hughes).
7 Girls' race under 10 years—1st
prize, $3 ham (Robinson); 2nd, |8 bread
tickets, (Wilson & Matthews).
8 Tug of War, 0 men und anchor-
Prize, $20.
An entrance feo of 50 cents, excepting present.
6 and 7. i  *>»	
Committee—M. Wolfe. Jas, McGregor, I    Victoria will semi u hose team to com-
M.P.P., Dr. Duvia, ty*. Hunter, C.H. B.  pete in the firemen's races here.
A neat pavilion, supplied with all conveniences for players, has b?en erected
on the cricket ground, the gift of Mr. S.
On April 18th, at the Crystal Falace
grounds, the Sheffield Wednesdays defeated the Wolverhampton Wanderers
in the final for the English cup by 2
goals to 1.   About 55,000 spectators were
The Grand Jury's Presentment.
The following is a copy of the Grand
Jury's presentment, which was handed
to Mr. Justice Drake oil Wednesday:
Nanaimo, B.C., May tl, 1800.
Ve Hit Lordship Mr. Justice Drake:
We, the Grand Jury for the Spring
Assises held ut N'anuimoon the5th inst.,
beg respectfully to make the following
Having visited the Central School
building, Nanaimo City, we deem it advisable that all doors opening into the
been to the district.
Latest Quotations.
The latest advices show the recent
lliieinuiious and present values to be as
May t.
A. llaslam  80
J. Haggart  40'.,
W. W.li. Mclnnes  (10
Dr. Walkem   UL,
May 9.
Methodist District Meeting.
The following ministers represented
the various points in Victoria district at
the conference held at the Wallace street
Methodist church on Thursday: Rev. S.
Cleaver, J. P, Hicks,  C. M. Tail,  J. F.
class rooms be made to open outwards ! Betts, Victoria; W. J. Stone, Xattinaf
into the halls; also that a proper drain! J. W. Winslow, Manuel, J. 0. Spencer'
be constructed to carry the refuse from I Duncans: R. .1. Walker, Cape Miidee*
the closets, and that a suitable lire es- Robert Wilkinson, Wellington; Suther-
cape be attached to the front of the bal- land, Union,
cony ofthe building. i    T|K. following lay delegates were also
We also visited thehospital, which we in attendance:  Sheriff McMillan, W
found in a creditable and cleanly coudi- j Whiilden and ll Spencer of Victoria
tion, and In regard to this institution | und Mr Watson of Somenos
we would respectfully ask you to urge At the Victoria district meeting of the
the Provincial Government to increase: Methodist church Thursday afternoon
tho present appropriation to (6,000, three probationers—S Wilkinson, R
owing to the fact thnt many patients: Wilkinson and James Hicks—were eon-
from A\elbngton and outlying districts tinned, and thc cases of R. J. Walker
avail themselves of the advantages of and James Hicks were referred to u spe-
this hospital. : da) district meeting in Victoria.    Rev
We would also request you to oall the CM. Tate wns elected secretary and
attention of the proper authorities to Rev Manuel assistant secretary for the
tiie necessity ol providii g suitable hose  the district. THE NEWS OF THE DAY.
Short   and   Interesting   PavagrrapUii
Treat of Men anil Tlilass lu a
General War.
Toronto is to have a Dominion exhibition in lfef'7,
The race meeting of the Ontario Jockey
club takes place iu Toronto oa May 'ilru,
The license commissioners cf Hamilton refuse to make any rtducticn :n the
number of licenses.
Mrs. Bell, of Ottawa, for cruelty to her
grandchildren, got life imprisonment at
the assizes at that place.
The l'resbvterian church of Northumberland county, was struck by lightning
and destroyed; Iobs $8,500,
Frank Falls, brother of H. M. Falls, of
Northway, Anderson and Falls, Simcoe,
committed suicide by hanging aud -hooting hiniEelf in his father's barn.
Henry Collins, a farmer who wa3 on
hia way from B'.yth to Sault Ste, Marie,
waa swindled out of $195 at the Tnion
station, Toronto, by two confidence men
who used an old freight bill and check
game to catch hiB money.
Luke Doyle, aged 4:".. of Camden, about
two weeks "ago, while learning a calf to
drink, was bitten on the thumb bv the
animal. About a week later blood poisoning set it, and notwithstanding all that
medical skill could devise, he died.
James Slephenson. ex-superintendent
ofthe Grank Trunk railway, was present
ed the other evening with a small carved
cabinet containing a check fcr two thou
sand dollars, the proceeds of subscriptions
by Grand Trunk employees cf all grades,
as a testimonial of esteem. An illuminated address accompanied the gift.
Last Aunuet, Police Magistrate Denison
of Toronto, convicted Bandmaster Bay-
lev, ofthe Queen's Own band, of infringing the Lord's Day aet by holding baud
concerts on tiie is and on Sundays. The
conviction was made with a view to having the point settled by tbe superior
court, and was oHashed the other morning by (he divisional court. Chief Justice Armour said if the conviction were
sustained, any church organist could be
lined for infringing the act.
Following ie tbe Toronto Ever, ing Teie-
gram'a special cable, dated London, Aprii
18: "It is understood to-day that the
government hue yielded to tbe persistent
opposition displayed towards the cattle
diseases bill and will not further press it.
It is known the idea of passilW it has
been abandaned at ".east for this year.
The bUl which was introduced by the
president of the board of agriculture ^as
to make the present law wnich temporarily excludes foreign cattle from British
ports, a permanent measure."
A life insurance company, of Toronto,
which does a large business iu church
loans, is pressing for repayment: in the
case of some Toronto churches. It has a
claim of $8,000 on Bend street chit eh.
Tbe indebtedness was incurred when the
church was in moat prosperous circumstances, under the ministration of Dr.
Wild. The church is now anything but
prosperous, meeting its obligations with
difficulty. The present pastor Dr. Sims,
who lias bad a hard time since Dr.
Wild's resittn tion. and he mav bei riven
to resign by the new difficulty;
James Deans, an old gentleman, nearly
90 years of age. was instantly killed at
tbo'Grand Trunk station, Galt,t int The
old gentleman, who was verv 'leaf, was
crossing the track at the -tation. when a
car which was being shunted, struck him.
Ihe wheels passed over bis neck, completely severing the head from the body.
Before the car reached him. some bystanders, too far away to save him, tried
to warn tbe unfortunate man of his danger, but he did not hear them. Deans
wae one of the oldest resident- of that
neighborhood, and had beet, active in
Liberal politics for over half a century.
Horrllylru DUololOrei »t U»« Trial ol Balijr
Mrs. Annie I've.-and bei Son-in-law,
Arthur K. Palmer, the babv furmers,
who were arrested a: Reading a few-
weeks ago on the chaw of infanticide,
were remanded the Cher day :n the
Heading police court, pending the rosuit
of further search in the river for bodies
which tiie police are n< w mak ng. While
the hearing was iu progrsis an Slurry
crowd gathered outside the court and
indulged in menacing language
towarda the prisoners. The developments are horrifying the country.
It haB been prove.', that since
Christmas twenty children were intrust'
ed to Mrs. Dyei 'S keeping, and that only
four are livina:. The otheiS have vanished.    Prior to Christmas many other
children who had been placed in her
charge disappeared. Above the door of
her home was a figure of Christ, beneath
which was the inscription. "Sutler little
Children to come onto Me, and forbid
them not, for of such ll the Kingdom ol
Heaven." over one hundred mis-nun
infanta are now connected with Mrs'.
Dyer. The police have consulted the
higher legal authoi:tie< regarding prominent personB who have been founil to be
involved by giving Mr.. Dyer charge of
the children, .-ensational developments
are probable when the case couiex on for
Aim,i.i i, Wreil*.
Thc eteanior Algerme returned to
StJobnB Nlid., from the seal fishing the
other day almoat a wreck, The stem had
been smashed, the bow sheathing carried
away, and tbe bows had been sprung.
The stem had to be .ashed s Itfi wire
cables and anchor chains to enable tbe
steamer to reach home. The Aigerine
has been ten days making port, being
unable to enter any ice. Mie had 100
sealskins on board. It Is reported that
the Vanguard ban arrived at Harbor
Grace with 12,000 sea. skins. Tbe
Esquimaux' is stuck in the ice ed' here
with lO.OOn skins. None of these trips
have paid expenses. The schooner
Casper llmproae, from Barbadoes, is at
Trepassev. She reports that Bbe loft
galley boats, deck gear and sai'.a in the
recent gales.   ^^^^^^
Mis, Mtisicus—Did you have much
trouble in learning to sing so beautifully?
MIbs Frankly—Yes, especially with the
Am! Strike For Freedom In Believed to lie
the Policy of Hie lloert,.
The dirficulty of obtaining news cf the
Matabele uprising increases day by day,
owing to the restrictions of the authorities, Out it is positively known the situation about Buluwayo has grown darker.
The rebellion   is so widespread  that a
large force of troops wili be  neceaaary to
restore order.    Urgent requests fcr troops
have teen made by  people not  directly
interested in the British Chartered South
Africa company, and  the home government i3 blamed  for  postponing the die-
patch of strong reinforcements to *-outh
Africa.   The inaction c i  the war odice
is undoubtedly due to the desire of Mr.
Joseph Chamberlain, secretary cf   state
for tne colonies, to avoid anything which
might be construed into an attempt to
coerce the South African republic, but
it is pointed out that while Mr. Chamberlain hclde hia cands tied, the  Boers are
openiy drilling under imported German
instructors, accumulating arms and ammunition, constructing fortifications, and
bringing   heavy  guns    from Germany.
The policy of President Kruger is one of
delay, to avoid doing or saying anything
definite until the Trinavaal  is in si position to defy Great Britain, and  then the
independence of  the South   African republic will be declared.   Ihe I irange Free
State may be actually  incorporated into
the republic, and natives will everywhere
be incised to rise against BritiBh rule,
and an attempt be made to drive the Bri-
tiah out of South Africa.   This is the plan
openly talked of amonz the Boeis: but
the home authorities seem utterly blind
to the danger ahead; and the chartered
company in the interests  of  its   stock-
holders.'is doing everything possible to
suppress the  tmth,  and  the  belief is
growing that nothing short of a terrific
dieaster, such as thecantureof Buluwayo,
will bring the Eritish government toils
senses.    It ;s stated  that   fully 15,000
Matabeies have been massed 1'or an at -
tack   on  Buluwayo,    which,  although
placed in a fair state of defence, could not
hold out against a  rushing  chars-e  of
native regiments.   Urticials of the  chartered company say they have no fear that
Buluwayo will be capture I; but it is the
over-confidence, ami a habit of gro sly
underrating the strength of an  enemy,
which haB led. to many  historical disasters to British arms.   There is no denying that the Matabeies have been steadily gathering  together for weeks  with
the intention, apparently,  of attacking
Buluwayo.   The recapture of Kinc Lo-
bengula's old capital from the B* Irish
wouid be a l'earfui blow  to  ''paramount
power in South Africa."   Thisis frankly
admitted, and yet the available force cf
volunteers, etc., at BuiuTay, ie not believed to   be  over  700  men.    Macline
gun- have, it is true, been hurried to the
front   from   the   British     tiagship   St.
George,   The market place has bean converted into a strong iaaeer. and the old
police camp outside the town, and other
points have been fortified, but it would
take many men and many obstructions
to withstand a living tidal wave of over
10,000 Matabeies.   especially if is true
they arc ;,eing :ude.i and abetted by Boer
An Intel,..,, Sufferer Through Pains lu the
Murtclea of Hlw L«.<rH und Armi— Reduced Almost to a Living Skeleton.
Qatboc    I-rorltice   Inundated   by   Rlalug
Riven ant! Much Dn-.-.:,-»* Done.
Floods are doing much damage in the
province of Quebec to railways and factories adjacent to the various streams. At
Sherbrooke the fires have been put out
in a number of factories by the ovei don-
of tte St. Francis river which is running
like a mill race half a mile over its banks
between that place and hichmond. The
tracks of the Quebec Central railway, the
Maine Central and Boston and Maine are
washed out in various places. The big
iron bridge on the first named road at >t.
Anaeime went down with a crash, .several residences in Sherbrooke are in danger of hems washed an;. Half of the
town of l.ichmond is under water and
communication is cut of from the surrounding country. Jancsviile, near the
railway, is completely inundated. The
cellars of homes iu Three P.ivers are
flooded bv the rise in the St. Lawrence.
Tho damage wi'l 3m< tint to thousands of
dollars. The employes of tbe- Jenckes
Machine Oo„ at ^herbrocke, bad to be
taken from the building in boats the
other day,
Tbe hundred and fifty foot railway
bridge overthe Eichemin river at Sans-
stead on tiie Quebec Central railway, was
carried ol! as a result ci a sudden rise of
wate:.   The water rose eome 2~ I set.
Baltimore Slay Havo a Pope.
The London Chronicle publishes an
interesting letter from Lome, in which
the writer states that tr.e pope atil! governs his grsat household wilh order and
diligence, though there are stories of the
occaeional failure of his physical power.
But neither his diplomacy or ecclesiastical policy have lost tneir old keenneae of
en eption. Referring to the pope'a propos.
ed French diplomacy.the"')rre8pondeut remark- that he does not believe there is a
ipiestion cf a pope ever making bis headquarters at Agignon, though.at an undated futuro, there mav be a pope at Baltimore, the correspondent asaerte. His
holiness, it appears, is now absorbed in
the idea of a reunion of the Koman and
\nglican churches.
Front ln Callfornltt.
RlMnt severe frosts caused much
damage to fruit in orchards in the centre
of California. A dispatch from Fresno
sayH much damage was done vineyarde
there, aud that tho froete will cause a
short raisen crop. Two-thirds of the
grape crop in the vicinity of Caliatown
was destroyed. Cherries, apricots and
prunes su.'icrcd from frost in the vicinity
of *in Jose. Frost had a killing effect
on the grape vines in the vicinity of
Stockton ami vineyard men declare tnere
will not be half a crop cf grapes, from
neighborinr; counties.
Photography ln Colors.
The latest development iu genuine
photography in colors tie recently explained to a brilliant audience at the
Royal institute. London. Eng, by M.
Llppmun, a distinguished French investigator. He has now succeeded in reproducing perfectlv ali the colors of nature
ou auensitive plate. Prominent leaders
in science who were present vers aroused to great enthusiasm by M. Lippmann'a
achievement. He explained his method,
which is ainiple, and iespiayed the results which were considered marvellous,
From the VVolfville, tf. ■■*.. Acadlau.
Mr. T. \V. Beokwith is the proprietor
ofthe Loyal Hotel, Wolfville, the moat
important hostelry in the town, and is a
man well known and esteemed throughout that section. He has a bright band-
ome looking son, 13 y3arfl of age, named
Freddie, who is a lad of more than ordinary intelligence. It is prettly well known
in Wolfville that Freddie underwent a
very severe illness, though perhapB the
means to which he owes his recovery is
not so generally known and a statement
of the case may be the means of helping
some other sufferer. On the :2')th of
December, 1893, Freddie was taken ill
and was confined to his room and his
bed until March, 1894, Two dirterent
physicians were called in during hia long
illness. I me "aid he had lu grippe and
the other that hia trouble wae rheumatic
fever.     He   wa.- troubled  with   severe
A. Simple Care.
Aa a aure cure for headache, whether
caused by liver, stomach, kidney or nerve
trouole. Burdock Blood Bitters is the
most effective medicine known. It removes the cause of headache by restoring
all the organs of the system to proper
action and health. Doubt disappears in
view of proofs like this:
"In the spring of 1891 I got a bottle of
B. B. B. for my mother, who had been
troubled for twenty-five vears with sick
headache. I got it frow Mr. Vi. Paxton
Baird, of Woodstock, X. B.. who gave me
two other medicines to take home and let
my mother take her choice. Fortunately she chose the Burdock Blood Bittere,
and I returned the other bottles. She
used it for three months,and hae bad no
headache since. We are aure that it was
B. B. B. cured her aa she took no other
Nov., 1895.   J. A. Gi'.i-i:*.', Hartford, X.B.
pains through the muscles cf his lege and
arm-, after three er four days was obliged
to take to bed. where be lay neariv all
winter, sud'ering terribly from the pains.
He became reduced almost to a skeleton
and was unable to relish food of any
kind. Du-ing his illness be sudered a
relapse owing to trying to get up sooner
than he should. Biy like he wasanxious
to get out and enjoy the beautiful spring
sunshine aud for several days was carried
out and taken for a drive. This brought
on the reiapse. The doctor was again
called in and as he continued to grow
worse he was ordered once more to bed.
Things then looked very dark as despite
the medical care tie did not vet any better. At last hiB father decided to try Dr.
Williams' i'ink Pills. Soon after beginning their use he began to feel setter.
Hia appetite began   to   return  and the
All on Account of a Woman.
From the position of cashier and confidential clerk of the Kichelieu and Ontario Xavigation company's office at
Montreal to a singer in a Parisian cafe is
considerable of a change. A woman was
tbe cause of it all. F.osario Bourdon was
the unfortunate young man, who becoming fascinated with one of the ladiea of
the French opera, left hie wife and family and an overdrawn account to the
extent of several thoueand dollars and
Bailed i or France, llecentfy Constable
Biesonnette received a cablegram from
tbe chief of police in the French capital,
saying Bourbon had been arreated at a
provincial town, where in company with
Mile Marie I.egendre he waa earning hia
living singing at different cafe concerts.
Biesonnette will leave at once for Paris
to bring back the prisoner. Bourbon's
family is well known and highly respected, and the accused wae exceedingly popular in local musical circles.
Nervous Prostration and Dyspepsia    Lose
Their Terrors Under Its It llueuce.
The secret of tbe wonderfully successful results that follow the use' of South
American Xervine is to he faund in the
fact that this medicine operates directly,
immediately and distinctively on the
nerve centres of the system. Othermed-
icinee, because of aome atimulating element they poBBess, will aomotimeB give
temporary relief, but South American
Xervine not alone acts more Bpeediiy on
the system than perhaps any other medicine, but it acts lastingly. Science haB
proven, beyond any peradventure, that
the life fluid finds its origin in these
nerve centres. Indigestion, nervousness,
a debilitated constitution, is only triried
with when the medicine used gives but
passing cause for satisfaction. This ie
never the cise with South American
Xervine. It can be counted on every
time to perform an effective cure.
NORWAY PIXE SYRUP is a combination of healinz throat and lung remedies which curea Coughs, Colds,
Hoarseness. Croup and Sore Throat, oven
in the most obstinate cases.
Young Duff'—I never talk about thinsB
that I do not understand. Old Ruff-
Really you must be the most reticent
young man in the city.
A Kemarkable Doff.
The King Charles spaniel "Gillie"
recently refused entrv to the Xew York
dog show hy reason of its being under six
months of age, has been sold by Dr.
Schenrk. of Boston to Prince Bismarck,
ermany. for $1,000, The dog weighs
oniy two pounds, aud is considered by
doz fanciers to be a remarkable animal
Ae Prince Bismarck recently lost by death
his favorite hound, Dr. Schenok thinks
the spaniel i> to take its place. A. 1'.
Oilman, of Worcester, raised the dog.
which will be shown in Boston next
week and shipped to Germany
Immediately afterwards.
Glad to See Sprits.
Another long cold winter Is well over
with ai! ita hardships, and now we can
•■eve! in the bright weather and outdoor
iife. But—there'll be another winter,!
ami we will be faced .".gain by- the pro.-
lem of keeping warm without beina |
burdened by the weight of ourclothing
pains were le-s severe.    As he continued I A fibre chamois interlining seems to give
It warms, invigorates and
strengthens the system. Wei!
brewed and thoroughly matured. Recommended by many
physicians in preference to
the imported article.
"The Yellow Fellow"
Is thu title bestowed on
the Stearns by the admirers of its orange
rims. In constructing
the '96 Stearns we have |
striven to make the best
bicycle producible, and
if best materials, superior workmanship, unsurpassed facilities and
honest effort count for
anything, we have surely succeeded.
Our Iiand-om*: new cat..
Uigii... which we will mail on
requett, is n.it more artiilic
than the wheel itself.
AQlNr rod MANITOU a H «.T.
Importers of Plioto^rapliic MaterJ
Agents for	
Printing, ^Developing  and   Retouch!
for the  Trade.
We deal in first class material oniy :
give the best value for lho money.!
£ \
£ When ive Read or Hear of)
fc     we naturally think of
tho use ofthe Pink Pill heregained healt
and strength rapidly, and in about a
month was apparently as well as ever,the
only lemaimnj symptom of hl( trying
illness being a slight pain in the leg,
which did not disappear for several
months. It is over one'atnl a half years
ago since Freddie took his last pill, and
in that time he has not had a recurrence
of the attack. There is no doubt that
Dr. Williams' Pink Pills cured him. and
both the boy and his paronls speak highly in their praise.
Dr. Williams' Pink Pills are the medical marvel of tha age. In hundreds of
cases they have cured after all other {■
medicines had failed. They are 2 positive cure for all troubles arising froiu a
vitiated condition of the bleed or a shat-'
tered nervc-U3 system. Sold ly all dealers
or by mail, from Dr. Williams' Medicine
Company, Brockville, Out., at ">;' cents a
bos or six hoses for Jl' B0. There are
numerous imitations and substitutions
against which the public are cautioned.
the best results as it furnishes warmth
without adding weight, and is both wind
and water proof.
Western train robber—Hold up your
hands! Reggie Lannuld—Aw—go to my
man. deah fell aw, he always awanges
about my twavelling bills.
'Papa, what is a'walk ia lifer" "It
is that DroceflBiou, mv boy- where everybody has to run iike rn*"!. or get left.'
Hf.i-.rt in-..*..,' l:.'",.v,.il in SO QHnnto*).
Dr. Agnew's Cure for the Heart Rives
perfect relief iu all caser of Organic or
sympathetic Heart Disease in 30 minutes,
and speedily etfects a cure. It is a peerless remedy for Palpitation. Shornness of
Breath, Smothering SpelU, Pain in Left
Side arid, ali symptoms of a Diseased
Heart.   One dose convinces.
bold bv all druggists.
™       mA^lH       THE
Sew Canadian Monthly.   Write at oact
for particulars to
RE  YOU   •
SfUa&Ustcj Claim   lint   lim   Roentgen   R,J,
Kin Diphtheria ami Typhoid Germi.
Prof. I. P. Pratt and Prof. Hugh
Wightman, of Chicago, announces to the
world that diphtheria and typhoid germs
are absolutely killed by Roentgen rays.
This statement is made without reserve.
The decision was reached the other night
in the laboratory when tiie lost c' the
germs which had been exposed to the
rays failed to show signs of life under the
glass, the deadly bacilii remaining idle
and inactive in the midst of the best and
most tempting invitation of human tissue. Prof. Wightman prepared four now
colonies of epidemic breeders, labelled as
cholera, luberoluosis, hog cholera and
diphtheria, They were located in tubes
filled with nutriment. Prof. Pratt turned
the current into the great eel! an! the
rays werethrowuiuto the germs of bacilli.
The magic agency wt - allowed to work
Bixty-two minutes.
A critical and elaborate examination
showed a great chemical change. It was
evident the force had acted upon the
artificial tieaue. Free oxygen was made
and acid created, exactly as would take
place in the human body. Tnis acid
either kills the germs or puta them to
Tney will now be transplanted, the two
phyBieians risking their own professional
reputation bv tbe prophecy that not one
of the four groups will ever be able to
They are certain of tho effect oa diphtheria and confident concerning the
other three.
It cannot possibly be a failure, on the
score of machinery or appliance They
have already proved the correctness of
their theory.
A nut Bicycle Trust.
A Toledo. Ohio, epecial to the Xew
York World Bays that a gigantic bicycle
trust is taking shape and there is every
probability of its being located in that
city. Tbe scheme originally contemplated having headquarters at Worcester,
Mass. One of tue largest men in the
combination, a resident of Wotcester,
snent tbe past month here and has decided this is the proper place for the
plant. Three of Toledo's largest concerns
have already signified their intention
of taking stock in the trust. Three large
eastern factories are behind the Worcester
man. The new concern will be capitalized at from 18,000,000 to 5.10,000,000.
The combine aims to control the price ol
every wheel put on the American  mar
ket and to that end will control the man- "Efyou trgiBa wif er smaht man
ufacture of large quantities of everything I said L'ncie Hoou, "you done get de WUIt
that enters into bicycle construction, in* I ob ll, and yob argiflesw'i er tool yob
eluding tires, wood rims and saddles.       1 done wat'e'yoh time."
"You don'tsee spring signs in this city
much, do you?" 'oh, yes. crowds get
bigger every day in front of bicycle show
win "lows," 	
C-fttarrli Relieved tn 10 to 60 .Socoml.i.
One short puff of the breath through
the Blower, supplied with each bottle of
Dr.  Agnew's Catarrhal Powder, diffuse!
this Powder over tiie aurfaoe of the nesa'
passage*.   Painless and delightful to use j
it relieves Instantly, ana permanent!) I
cures Catarrh, Hav Fever, Colds, Head-
ache, Sore Throat, Tonjilitis and Deaf-,
ness.   60 cents.
Sold by ali druggist?,
•Oh, I can recommend him to you.]
hois obliging he knows his work, he is
honest."   "But   iie  stole   u:y watch'"
"Yiure, too!"   __^___
Belief In Six Hours.
Distressing Kidney and Bladder dis
aaaea relieved in 'sir hours by the
South Amkrica.v Kionkv Cras."
Thi? new remedy is a grea' surprise
and delight on account o' iu exceeding promptness in relieving pair
in the bladder, kidneys, back aud every
par'of the urinary passages in male ot
female. It relieves retention of wa'.ei
and pain in passing it almost immediately. If you want quick relief and cure
this is your remedy.
bold by all druggists,
Watterson—Isn't your piano frightfully out of mm- Hostess—oh, no: my
daughter li just playing a little thing of
Wagner's now.
RhftDtnittlHin Cored Id m Day.
Sontn American Khunmatlc Cure foi
Rhuematism and Neuralgia radically
cures in one to three days. Its action
upon the system is remarkable and mysterious. It removes at once the cause,
and the disease immediately disappears
The first dose greatly benefits, Seventy-
five cents.
Sold by a!! drnggists.
Muggins—Did vou ever attend a box
parly at tho opera. Bnggine—Ne, I'm
too :ond cl music.
If so. send address for Catalogue. Wt
have tiie largest range nf glass in Western
Oanada, covering !0 00O square feet. Cut
Fiowers and Floral Desi-ps shipped
promptly, on short notice. Cut Rocts
and Carnations always on band.
F. ra.iMK, Manager,
WINNIPEC.      -     -     MANITOBA.
"i Lowest Prid
I     Ever (Juo'.sd
SCHOOL DESKS.   J New Catali
LESLIE B!OS„ffilil,.
Sun Insurance Office.    1
Eastern Assurance Co. i
Quebec Fire Insurance Company.
London ami Lancashire Life I=s. Co
British and Foreign Marine Ins. Co.
Lloyd's Plate Giaes Insurance Couinaj
".<>ii»>r.i  .It;.,;!
I a^'«^%*%%^%%%^«^%-Sa^^^^^-%%-SV«V%%%%'%%%%1
B. B. B.
Bad Blood
Rich Red Blood.
WlXn.l: OOL'OH.Sors Throat, Asthma, Bronchitis, Croup, etc., are more
quickly and easily cured by Wood's
Norway Pme8yrup than by any other
Fogg »ays tluit to borrow ton dollars
from a friend mu-t he considered an \-
raise eiperiment	
BYRUP cures, Coughs, Uolds. Asthma.
Bronchitis. Hoarseness and Consumption
if taken iu time. Price -'".c, all druggists.
In Spring Time get Pure Blood by using B.B.B.
No other remedy poisiases such perfect cleansing, healing
and  purifying'  proportiis   as   Burdock   Blood   Bitters.    It  not
only cleanses internally, but it luals, when applied externally,
all *>ores, ulcers, abscesses, scrofulous sores, blotches, eruptions,
etc., leaving the skin clean and pure as a babe's.    Taken inter^
nally  it   removes all morbid effete or waste  matter from  the
2  system, and thoroughly regulates all the organs of the body,
0  restoring the Stomach, liver, bowels and blood to healthy action.
g)  In this way the sick become well, the weak strong*, and those
# who have that tired, worn out feeling receive new vigor, and
# buoyant health and spirits, so that they feel like work.     If your
w appetite is poor, your enenry gone, your ambition
J will restore you to the full enjoyment of happy vigc
rk. If your V
lost, B.B.B. 0
igorous life.   '[
Ijitt'Tltuui Study the Hnrmeso--The Women
FpcUev&n Trade Thau tlte Men ami Huvo
HEgaal nights.
The woman suffragists can learn much
T» f value to themselves and got a good
w rrs!i array of arguments if thoy Btart in
uo study ilit condition of women in Jinr-
oah. These worn on aro probably tho hop-
lest woman in the world In tho lirst
BulacQ thoy are far "advanoed" in the
Jsutlraglst sense, having full control of
Ithcir property and being considered
" mrewdcr In buelnoss than the men themselves, and In tho second thoy aro protty
ind fascinating and aro so regarded hy
■Jio men In Cacti the great aim "f a liur-
rim-Ki- woman's llfo, especially ii sin- be
Mjroung is to he considered extremely
*■ Il is yet to he learned that any of tho
: BunncBo women aro prominent In affairs
I-of state, bnt in all branches of Industry,
j «y«n in foreign commerce, they arc ex-
raueedingly active, ami are moro closely
1 Identified with financial matters than
J aro the men.
■j" Most of the markets In Burmese cities
Wire almost entirely-oendnoted by women.
lth-i-^- uncommon thing  to  find certain
rtrades completely organized iy women in
these cities, and tho foreign   buyers come
I aoutally in contact with quaintly-robed,
* picturesque matrons who   know precisely
how to deal witli thom.   A man lias to bo
moro careful In dealing with these women
than he would with a  Burmese gentleman, for they are extraordinarily shrewd
- at- a bargain,
A Inreg number of the Government
contracts for timber and forage are inu.de
with women, and it lias been found that
while they will haggle for the smallest
|i percentage or profit) thoy nre invariably
honest and fulfil all of their obligations
exactly as they aro contracted.
Wives are consulted in all the affairs of
/life in this country, and no farmer would
think of making any negotiations regarding his harvest without first talking
tho matter over with his wife This usu-
Axlly rusultB in his letting her do all the
-tolling. The wives have ye', a stronger
hold* upon the husband. According to
Burmese law marriage is an equal contract, and all  property  is   held   jointly;
that 1b, the woman tnvarlnl iy has an
equal share with her husband, and quite
«h valid a claim upon nil the household
effeotfl and material goods as he.
The property that a woman Inherits or
acquirers in any way before marriage or
after It, belongs to her and to her alone
Her husband cannot touch it- Tho maids
are quite as free and have quite as many
rights as have the matrons. In fact, in a
targe family the daughters are quite as
important from a business point, of view
jis are the sons, and their ndvlce is apt in
I* taken even more readily. Throughout
the whole country there is comparatively
little education, but the women get a fair
share of what there is.
Not only do the women do most of the
tn.y-.ug and silling in Burmah, wholesale
as well as retail, hut they attend to al!
the household affairs. Man is not made a
subordinate, hut ho has no more responsible position than his sisters have. Taken
all in all. there is llttln i uostlon but that
the Burmese women uro the freest in the
world In overy relation of life,
The Burmese women smoke—not cigarettes in an imitative sort of way, but
cheroots, which are the Burmese substitute for cigars. It is a curious and a very
picturesque sight to seo one of these Bur-
mete girls in the enjoy ment of hor oner*
ont. The greater number Of them select
a weed that is lung and green fully ton
inches in length.ami in a day they smoke
many of them.
i Though cigars, rolled in the Kurupoan
Cushion and made of tobacco leaf, aroused
I to some extent in the cities whore foreign
olyillsation has crept in, the true liur-
men cheroot- is of a dlstllll live sort. It Is
constructed o< an envelope formed of a
certain dried leaf or of the inner husk of
the matee plant, and this envelope is
tilled with a mixture of tobacco and finely
chopped wood, the latter generally of the
stalk of the tobaooo plant Itself. It is an
inch in diameter at the thiukor end. lt
is the custom of Burmah for a woman
not to smoke her cheroot iu steady puffs,
hut to take a few whiffs and then lay it
down or pais it to tho next lady in the
Unite as common is the smoking habit
among girls as it Is among women, and
it extends even to children. A frequent
tiight is that of a lUirmese mother taking
a cheroot from her mouth and putting it
to the lips of her nursing child. The
ehilil, il it be a year and a half or two
years of aire umd these women of Bur-
IU ah, according to an old custom, Buckle
their children until they are long past
twol, will purse up lill tiny lips and puff
away at the weed with every indication ot
Many other peculiar and interesting
customs do these people have. Kissing
Is absolutely unknown in this land, the
nearest approach to it being smelling.
The lover puts his arm around the lady
he adores and literally sin el Is her cheek,
(he young mother I ends over her baby's
little body and continually snlliR at It.
Tho men treat women with eonsidora
tion and courtesy under all olronmStances,
particularly in a Jostling crowd, and
there ta no false familiarity at any time.
The women show themselves worthy of
this by proving In every instance faithful
mothers, good wives aud dutiful daugh-
tem. Family life is almost ideal in this
■country, and tho old people of a housc-
hold aro regarded with much  respect und
While the woman of Burmah Is a great
force in business, she do«fl not attempt to
usurp   tho time-honored  prerogative of
tiie men as  regards  courting and  marriage.    Thore are  very  strange customs
among these people   in   regard  to  courtship.    During the  day  tho  young folks,
| however lovesick   they   may   be.   attend
; strictly to business   affairs.    At '.. o'clock
j at night, though, when tho old people are
I supposed to have gone to   bud, begins tho
' loo-byo tay achyrin,'1 or  'tho time lor
\ young men to go  about."    This  means
1 the time to court.   So prevalent a custom
I has this become that if a suspicious ehar-
i actor is found   lurking   about   the streets
after dark In1 need only say to the guard,
I "I am loo-byo tay-iug,"u>  bo  immedi-
j ntely set free.
When a young man   decides  to   marry
i a girl lie sends some old people to propose
j the matter to hor  parents.     If  ho   is   accepted, ho goes quiet ly   to   his   father-in-
law's house, takes  posses-ion  ofthe lady
; without any further   ceremony, and lives
j thero as a son for n year or so.     The year
having expired, he then takes his wife
i away, especially  if  he  has a  child, and
j sets up house for himself.     Tiie marriage
tie is   easily performed  and  easily   dissolved.    Opouly living  together  as man
ami wife and   "eating   out of  the  same
dish Is the entire ceremony.    Divorce.- are
many, and they are easily gotten, all that
is necessary being to go before the village
elder and Blgn an   agroement to separate.
Employed to Give (he Alarm in u New (ill
for  Prisons.
There is on exhibition In this city a
model of a cell for prisoiiB from which a
criminal would find it practically impossible to attempt an escape without giving an alarm that would bring the guard
rushing to his door before either the look
on the door or the steel tubes of which
the cell is composed wero broken or even
cracked. The protection is not afforded
primarily by electricity, although electricity plays a part in the device. Tho
chief protective agent is water, which
fills every length and every joint in the
steel tubos forming the entire cell. The
water is maintained in lho tubes at a certain pressure, indicated on a gauge in tho
watohman's room, and the slightest doorcase ln pressure of this water, such as
would be made by the cracking of a tube,
so that no more than a cubic inch of water could escape, would release the pointer
on the gauge, allowing It to turn slightly
and thu*- make an electrical connection
with an electric bell. The bell then tings
continuously until tho circuit is broken
hy the watchman. At the same time
that the bell rings, on an annunciator
above is shown the number of the cell
whore the water is escaping from the
Unlike modern cells that are mado
with solid steel hare, and tho floors and
ceilings do not have to bo made of steel
plates, through which a criminal can
often cut his way or on which his movements in the cell keep up a continuous
noise sulflolent to make the cell room
often too noisy for the watchman to hear
the slight sound of a saw or augur In a
particular coll, this new cell is a cage.
The sides, floor, ceiling and door are all
made of the steel tubes, set so closely together that they could not le sprung
apart to nny advantage. I,ven the hinges
and the holt on the door are filled with
Water always ready to give the alarm if
its pressure is changed in the slightest
degree 5el inclosed In such a manner
that the prisoner cat. i.ot make any attempt to break or cut his way out of tho
cell without changing tho pressure.—
Boston Transcript.
Tlir World's OliIeHl i a in I lies.
A contemporary has an interesting editorial on "The Oldest Family in the
World. About a dozen of tbe 100 barons
in the British House of Lords date hack
to 1400, the earliest being 1804. The oldest family it. the British Isles is the Mar
family, of Scotland, 10U3. The Campbells,
of Argyle. to whom belong the present
Duke of Argyle. began In 11!"-'. Talleyrand dates from 1100, Blsmarok from
1370. the Grosvonot family, the Dukes of
Westminster. 10(50; the Austrian house
of Hapsbnrg goes back tn 0n3, and the
House of Bourbon to 8U4. The descendants of Mohammed, born -J"t>, are alt registered carefully and authoritatively in a
book fcopt ln Mecca by the chief of tho
family. Little or no doubt exists of the
absolute authenticity of the long line of
Mohammed's descendants,
in China there are many old families,
also among the Jews, "but," says our
contemporary, "when it comes to pedigrees there \< one gentleman to whom
the world must take off its hat, not, as
facile prlnoops or primus inter pares, but
as a great and only none-such. This Is
the Mikado of Japan.1' His place lias
been tilled by members of his family for
more than t?,G00 years. The present
Mikado is the lS.M of the tine. The first
one was contemporary with Nehuchnd-
nessar, (500 before Christ. Of the seven
great religions enumerated by Max Mullet
as possessing Bibles, the Mikado family
ll older than five.
Since we nil have tho consolation of
knowing that we are descended from tho
lirst family, it makes no difference if
some of the early m ords are lost, 0x01 pt
bo far as they may relate to recent prop
erty titles —Christian Advocate.
a Luminous Foresight*
A luminous  foresight has been  used
successfully for some time to enable tho
gunner to direct his piece at any desired
point in tbe darkness, or imperfect light.
A small Incandescent lamp, supplied
with a cnrrreiu from a simple form of
battery, is mounted within a shield at
the mi..vie of lhe gnu, and a faint ray of
light enables the marksman to obtain the
required alignment with the back sight
and with the target. It is now proposed
to apply this device not only to the illu-
;nination of machine guns used against
lorpodo attacks during the night, but for
the assistance of sportsmen using rillea
or fowling j Leoss for night shooting. Iu
the latter case, the battery is concealed In
the Stock, and there is jusr enough light
thrown by the lamp to enable the gunner
to 100 the direction In which the muzzle
Is pointed, without dax/llng his sigh., or
alarming the game. —Boston Globe,
Vers ConstderutDi
What true friendship consists In depends on the temperament of a mm who
lias a friend, It is related that at the funeral of Mr. X., who died extremely
poor, the usually cnld-blooded Turn Tight-
lltit was much affected.
'You thought a great deal of him, I
supposul Bumo one asked him. 'Thought
a great deal of him' I should think 1 did.
There was a true friend I Ho never asked
tne to lend him a penny, though I knew
well enough he was  starving  to death!"
We have to bo living Very near to the
toss before  we   can   enjoy   having  out1
faults pointed out.
A rotten cause abides no handling.
A noble cause doth ease much a grievous case.
God hath yok'd to guilt her pale tormentor- misery.
Before man made us citizens, great,
Nature made us men.
A brave man is clear in his discourse,
ftnd keens close to truth.
The best hearts. Trim, are ever the
bravest, replied my Uncle Toby.
The measure of choosing well is whether
a man likes what he has chosen.
Even from the body's purity the mind
receives a secret, sympathetic aid.
There are in business three things necessary—knowledge, temper and time.
Small are the seeds fate does unheeded
sow of slight beginnings to Important
A madcap ruffian, and a swearing Jack,
that think* with oaths to face the matter
What bliss, what wealth, did o'er the
world bestow on man, but cares ami fears
attended it.
He is nol worthy of the honeycomb that
Blums the hive because the bees have
Weep not that the world changes—did
it keep a stable, changeless course, t'were
cause to weep.
Aud there's one rare strange virtue in
their speeches,the secret of their mastery—
they are short.
He that's liberal to all alike, may do a
good by chance, but never uut of judgment.
He who goes around about in his requests wants commonly more than lie
chooses to appear to want.
The brave man seeks not popular applause, nor, overpowr'd with anus, deserts his cause: unsham'd. though foil'd
he does the best he can.
The tear down childhood's cheek that
Hows is like the dewdrop ou the rose,
when next tho summer breeze comes by
ami waves the bush, the flower is dry.
But human bodies are sic fools, for a'
their colleges and schools, that when nao
real ills perplex them, they make enow
themselves to vex them.
Horace appears in good humor wh iie ho
censures, and therefore his censure has
the more weight as supposed to proceed
from judgment, nut from passion.
Do not insult calamity; it it a barb'rous
gross ness to lay on the weight of scorn,
where heavy misery too much already
weighs men's fortunes down.
To wear long faces, just as if our
Maker, the < !od of < loudness, was au
undertaker, well pleased to wrap the
soul's unlucky mien in .sorrow's dismal
crape or bombn/.ine.
Stop not unthinking, every friend you
meet, to spill your wordy fabric In the
street: while you are emptying your colloquial pack, the ilend l-.umb.tgu jumps
upon your back.
To one who had said. "I do not believe
tl.er' Is an honest man In the world," another replied, "it is Impossible that one
man should know all the world, but quite
possible that one should know himself.''
—Montreal Star.
Whatever mitigates the woes or increases the happiness of others is a just
criticism of iniquity. Ono should not
quarrel with a dog without a reason sufficient to vindicate oue through all the
courts of morality.—Goldsmith,
Intrepidity is an extraordinary strength
of soul, which raises it above the troubles,
disorders and emotions which the sight
of great perils can arouse in it: by this
strength heroes maintain a calm aspect
and preserve their reason ami liberty in
the most surprising anil terrible accident-.
Charity Is a universal duty, which it is
iu evi ry man's power sometimes to practise, since every degree of assistance given
to another, upon proper motives. Is an act
of charity: and there is scarcely any man
in such a state of imbecility as that he
may not, on some occasions, bene lit his
Here'-a largo mouth, indeed, that spits
forth death, ami mountains, rocks and
sens: talks as familiarly of lions, as maidens of thirteen do of puppy dogs. What
cannoneer begot this lusty blood f He
speaks plain cannon, lire, and smoke, and
bounce: he gives the bastinado with his
Xo; hi Jig is moro certain than that our
manners, our civilization, and all the good
tiling- which aro connected with civilisation, have, in this European, world of
ours, depended for ages upon two principles, and were indeed the result of both
combined. I mean the spirit of a gentle
man and the spirit of religion.
If we bok back upon the usual course
of our feeling.-, we shall find thatweare
move Influenced by tho frequent recurrence of objects thau by their weight and
Importance; and Lhai habit has more
force in forming our characters than our
Opinions have. The mind uat uially takes
it- 1 one aud eon 1 pie\imi from what it
habitually contemplates,
It [s a curious paradox ihat precisely In
proportion to OUV own intellectual weak-
111— will be our credulity to those mysterious powers assumed by other-: ami iu
thoso regions of darkness and ignorance
where man can not 6(tool even those
ihings that are within tho power of man,
there we shall ever find that a blind belief iu feats that are far beyond those
powers has taken the dcopost root in thu
minds of the deceived, and produced ihe
richest harvest tu tho knavery of thc deceiver.
There are some characters who appear to
superiiei.il observers to be full of contradiction, change and Inconsistency, and
ye! ihey that ure iu the secret of what
such persons are driving at, know that-
they are the very reverse of what they
appear to be, and that they have one
single object in view, lo which Ihey as
pertinaciously adhere, through every circumstance of change, as 1 he lloUtltl to the
hare, through all her mages and doublings, We know thai a windmill is eternally at work to accomplish oua end, although it shifts with every variation of
the weathercock, and assumes ten different positions in a day,
In Lhe whole range of literature nothing
is more entertaining, aud, 1 might add,
more instructive, than sound, legitimate
criticism, the disinterested convictions of
a man of sensibility, who enters rather
Into the spirit than tho letter of ids author, who can follow him to the height of
his compass, aud while he sympathizes
with every brilliant power and genuine
passion of the poet, is uot so carried out of
himself as to indulge his adinirat ion at
the expense of his judgment, but who can
afford us t he double pleasure of being first
pleased with ids author, and secondly
with himself, for having given us such
just and Incontrovertible reason for our
They Seein to be Short,  Rut Really They
A if Long,
No feature of city llfo strikes the country visitor to this town more forcibly
than the hour at which the real business
of the day is begun. Justice Keogh. of
the Supreme Court, wanted lo begin proceedings on the criminal bench in this
city at 8.S0, and tho suggestion brought
out a strong protest. Justice Keogh has
beeu accustomed to sit In rural districts.
People in the country go to bed early,
and are apt to consider lu n'olook in the
forenoon a lazy hour to begin work.
The lawyers, bankers, brokers and men
whose offices are in the luwer part of the
city don't, as a rule, get down to their
work much before 10 o'clock, and at 1 or
.'1 0 clock In the afternoon they are on
their way up town again, but these
hours by no means represent their actual
working time.
Life in New Vork is much more romp-lux than it is in a small town. Thn law
yer, whoso office hour; are perhaps not
more than six nt the most may be such a
busy man that he has le-s time to him
sell'than the countryman wlm yets up
at daybreak and works until dark. Many
New Vork lawyers have large law libraries at their homes, and there they do the
work that tells In court. Such men as
Joseph II. Uhoate, Klihu Hoot. Kdward
Lautcrbaoh, and a score of others who
can be found in their offices only during
comparatively short hours are busy at all
times. Not long ago the writer had ocoa-
sion to call on Mr. Root late in the evening. He found him up to his elbows In
law papers that pertained to :i case which
was soon tn be tried. Mr. Hoot had attended a public dinner and then returned
to his library to go to work again. But
the man from the country who knows
that the office hours of such men as Mr.
Hoot are short jumps at tho conclusion
that their hours of labor are equally
Bhort.—Now York Hun.
The Fur-Hearing Seal   Wilkes a Cradle of
the Ocean Billows.
Writing of the habits of the fur seal, a
naturalist tells how luxuriously these
creatures take their naps In tho billows
of the sea. The thick layer of blubber
and the coats of soft fur in which these
seals are enveloped enable them to sleep
with comfort on the hard lodges of the
shore, ami it makes them seem all the
greater favorites of Nature that sho takes
them to her bosom in the yielding waves
of the sea.
As they rest on the water, they seem to
sleep as sound and as comfortably,
bedded on the waves or rolled by the
swell, as they do on tho land.
They lie on their backs, fold the fore*
dippers down across lho chest, and turn
the hind ones tip and over, so that tiio
tips rest on their necks and chins, thus
exposing only tho nose and tho heels of
tho hind Hipper above water, nothing else
being seen.
In this position, unless it happens to be
very rough, tho seal goes to sleep, as
did t.'io subject of that memorable song,
who was "rocked in the cradle of the
itlisueil Ute Point.
The Chicago Record prints a story
touching the slowness—real or imputed—
of Englishmen in catching the point of a
joke. A party of traveling men were
talking about phonographs as they sat
about the hotel tire.
"I heard an amusing story about an
old farmer the other day." said one of
"Interest always attaches to the doings
of the agricultural classes." said the
Englishman, hitching up his chair with
a look of interest.
"The farmer had just driven into town
with his mules to sell a load of pump
kins, and stopped in front of the phono
graph store.
"What air them fellows coin' in there
With spouts in their ears:" he asked.
"Those are talking machines,'' answered a man In tho doorway.
"Tho farmer was a little incredulous,
hut finally left his mules and went in.
The tubes wero placed in his ears, he
dropped the nickel in the slot, and a
brass band bognn to play,
'Whoa, there!'' shouted the rustic
darting out of tho store. "Them mules
o' mine won't   stand no brass hand."
At tlrst the Englishman looked anx
lolls, as if ho expected to hear the rest of
the story. Then suddenly he bur-stout
''Great joke on tho mules, eh" he
liee Current.
Many electric power stations are greatly
exercised over the fact that not a few of
thc business houses and manufacturing
places In their vicinity obtain tholr electricity for light and power purposes without paying for it, The free discussion of
the way in which the pipes running under many ii'v streets have been honeycombed and destroyed by the electrolytic
action of the stray currents from trolley
lines has taught the public that where
electric ruaus are operated there is plenty
uf current, as It Were lying around loose,
aud the next idea thnt naturally presents
Itself is to turn it to nocouut. Any electrician cm, for a few dollars, make the
roqHired connection, and the electric companies have no ease against tho man who
does It, It 1- not like tapping a gas main,
for the electricity ts taken from the
ground, and not irnm the company's
wires. All along the line of electric
roads in large elites are numberless pipes,
which, being good 00lidUCtors, are sought
by the stray electricity. Water pipes are
particularly susceptible, as water itself is
a good conductor, To utilise the curront
it is only necessary to attach wires to a
motor and a very of Tic lent power is ob
tallied without expense. It is also said
that a great deal of private lighting is
never paid for and owes Its existence to
this de flea tod electricity.
Friendship and the Initiation
Without spirituality thte can be no
friendship, Tbe exchange of social favors
is not friendship, though lt is mistaken
for it; It is trnde. I will call upon you If
you call upon mo, 1 will invito you If
you invite me. The greater part of the
social round Is upon a 6trtctly commercial basis This is not friendship Friendship asks no return, lt is hurt when, hy
an ostentatious promise or proffer of a return of favors, it is put upon the platform of the mart. Spirituality Is the
source of true friendship. Without it
every man and woman Is potentially,
and at nil times partially, every man's
and woman's opponent, rival, antagonist.
enemy. Rare as pure friendship may be
among Christians, there i.s none of it
whatever anywhere else.
The Pasting Season.
Giles—1 hear the landlady is going to
weed out tho boarders, and Intends to
keep only the religious onefl.
De Garry—Yes, She calculates that thl
will make money out of them during
NtitfciV.*-  Characteristics of the Attire of
Illuropoau Women,
It i- stratfge that whereas in every
country of Kurope. among the higher
class as wp.'I as tho peasantry, a distinctive peculiarity of costume exists, there
i.s absolutely nothing of the kind in North
America, says the Philadelphia Times.
The newness of the country does not explain this, as in South American .States,
width are younger than our nation, a national costume is tho rule.
The Russian "kakoohnik" is one of
the most charming articles of adornment
In Kurope, It originated among tho
Muscovite peasant women, but has been
adopted during this century by the ladies
of the court, who have elaborated it into
a red velvet cap embroidered iu precious
stones. It is worn with the rod velvet
court mantle and jeweled stomacher
brought out on state 1 oonsions, and more
than outrivals the plumuB und vail worn
at ihe Knglish court.
The Spanish mantilla is well known
and has been somewhat vulgarized on
the comic stage. The national dress of
ioumania has escaped that fate. Camion
Sylvn always wears it when at homo. It
consists of a white linen sleeveless garment mndo with as few folds as possible
and somewhat resembling the Bgyptian
"fellaheen." It is thickly embroidered
in a cross stitch arabesque in bright red.
sky-blue, orange, yellow and black silk
threads, a band of similar embroidery
encircling the waist, with streamers of
colored ribbon falling therefrom in a
shimmering cascade, The hair is braided
In four plaits loosely tied with chains of
sequins and the feet aro encased in crimson kid slippers strewn with seed pearls.
In Poland princesses and peasants wear
around their throats several rows of hugo
coral beads, and so loth to part with these
supposed brlngers of good luck arc they
that when a grando dame is arrayed for a
ball and is obliged to put on p arls and
diamonds she carries her coral beads in
her pocket.
In Austria-Hungrnry is found the
greatest divergence in the matter of costume. The garb of the Hungarian peasant is so fetching that the wealthy ladies
eopv it when on their estates. It consists
Of a short puffy skirt of crimson and yellow a small sleeveless velvet bodice imprisoning a snowy shirt, stiffly starched
and embroidered in contrasting colors,
and an artistically knotted head scarf
from under which escapes a thick braid
of hair entwined with colored ribbons.
In the plains of Provenoe and in the
Normandy lands the wealthy still cling
to their little lace cap. the intrinsic value
of whieh is sometimes inestimable, made
as they arc of rare point lace fastened
down with quaintly chased golden pins,
heirloom.- in families.
TllC Story of :
This is a story told  by  a doctor In an
swer to    lho   question. J loss a  man see
while in a somnambulistic condition?
■'About 10 years ago I had as a roommate a young fellow who was a student
in the medical college, and a bright
young fellow he was, too. He was fond
of shooting, and to keep up his practice
he had a line air-gun and he converted
the hall on the third lloor, which we occupied, into a shooting-gallery. I used to
take a hand myself every time I had a
chance, and sometimes for an hour at a
time he would be banging away at the
target he had lixed at the far end cf tbe
"One morning J oame In from a patient's about -'■ o'clock and found the
whole Upper story dark. I lit the gas in
the front room, which we used as sitting-
room, and was about to go out and light
the gas in the hall, when the young fel
low came walking in from our sleeping-
room, attired in his night clothes, and
with his eyes wide open. I spoke to him.
thinking something was tho matter with
him. but lie did not answer, and in a
minute 1 saw that he was walking in his,
"This was not altogether unusual with
htm, but 1 bad never caught him in the
act before, and concluded 1 would watch
him. He came directly across tho room,
going around a chair and a table that-
stood in his path, and opening a drawer
where ho kept the air-gun, he took it out
and then be loaded it, getting the small
bullets wo used out of a box on the mantelpiece. This box ho stuck Into what
would, have been his coat-pocket, if he
had had a coat on. but a- he hadn't the
box fell to the floor, which ho took no
note of.
"Then ho went into tho dark hall, carefully avoiding all furniture In his way.
and going as straight to the dooras If he
had been awake. I followed him cautiously into tho hall, and whon ho
reached the usual point from which wo
did our firing he stooped, took careful
aim and fired. The slight snap and shock
of the gun seemed to have quite a differ-
ont effect than either my voice or the
bright light inthe room, for on the instant he dropped thc gnu, made a half
-top forward and fell into my anus, just
about as he would have fallen out of bed
if he had waked suddenly on it- edge,
"Ho was wide awake in a minute and
began laughing and asking me what bad
happened. I told him. and we at onco lit
the gas in the hall and examined the tar
get. The target had beon repainted alter
we had had our last practice, so that We
could see plainly   where  his   bullet   had
hit, and I assure you he hati made almost
a center shot.   Now,'   concluded the phj
siclnn, "inthe lighted   room, he  missed
all tl'.e furniture   in   his way, and in   the
dark hall, he hit the target.   Do you think
he could see, or couldn't he:-"
The star Alpha   Cetttautl— the   nearest
star to ttio earth—consists, ns the  tele
scope shows, of two suns, one of which is
five or six times brighter than the other.
But recent observations by Mr. Roberts
at the ('ape of Good Hope Observatory
have led him to the conclusion that the
two components of Alpha Contauri.
much as they differ in brightness are
really nearly equal in weight. Together
they are twice as heavy as our sun. says
a writer in the " Youth's Companion." H
seems to follow from these facts that one
of those twin suns is losing its light, and
in the course of ages may become only A
gigantic opaque planet, while its oninpnn
Ion will still continue to blaze with solar
Omit gen for lilllnustiesK,
Oranges are not half appreciated: if
they were there Would be much less of
the bilious complexions and ecru d skin
we see every day. Their acid is a tonic
and purifier fcr the blood. As a Spring
relish, when tho system requites more
acid foods than at any other season, the
orange is Incomparable. I'.aton at break
fast. It quickens tbe appetite when all
else falls Instead of dosing with spring
medicines, try eating oranges
The tittle Booit Made Fiim Thoughtful fo*
One Nlglft.
It was only an ordinarily bound,
small sized Bible, and would not attract
more than a passing glance from any one
of the hurrying hundreds who passed the
little table in front of ihe secondhand
book store every day, Perhaps it had lain
thero for years unnoticsd until one day
last wsok, when its former owner found
it. Ho was ambling along, surrounded
by several boon companions—a man of
about :;■■ years, from tfts general appear-
anoo,bnt one whose eyes looked like those
of an old man—tin- kind of eyes one sees
In the sockets about the gambling houses.
He was the jolliest ot the crowd, and in a
boisterous way was joking his follows.
As his eyes shifted restlossly he happened
to catoh sight pf that little leather-oov-
erod JBthlft as it lay on tho dirty table In
front of the old second-hand store. In au
instant he stopped as if petrified, and forgetting his companions vtocd riveted to
the Npot. Then he walked quickly int**
the store and asked the old woman to
come   utside,
"Mow much for this bi : k:" he asked,
picking it up,
''Thlrtv-flvecents," was the reply.
The man handed hen a silver dollar,
and. picking up the   book,   li ,t the store.
"What ou earth do you want with that
book" exclaimed one of tho "gang," who
did not see the title But the man paid
no attention to the question. Instead ho
opened the book, and there on the (ly-leaf
saw the Inscription: "To my boy," and
underneath the date. "July 5, 1-880." Aa
ho read the words two tears --ame into hiB
eyes and one of them plashed down upon
the book, ills companions had by this
time passed on and had entered a saloon,
1 ut hu did nor think of them. His
thoughts were of that twenty-first birthday, ten years ago, when his mother had
given the tittle book tn Mm on the eve of
his departure fur the city. In a minute '
ho had lived over all those evil fifteen
years th ft t had elapsed since then, and
unmindful of the passers by stood in tho
middle .d the crowded street the book
still open in his hand. His companions
had by this time missed him and came
"Hurry UP, old boy the drinks are ordered, and there's a good game going on
upstairs." cried one. bur, tho man only
shook hiB head and quietly said:—
"1 don't think I'll play to-day. Good-
by, hoys, I'm going home on the 6
o'clock train."—Louisville Courier-Journal.
Adherents n! thc Keller Have Kept   Them
Many Yean,
There can bo little doubt but that tho
Initiates of tho higher mysteries of Buddhism possess secrets of a psychological
nature which are absolutely unknown to
the rest of the world, and which have
nevor been divulged during a period
which probably far ante-dates the rise of
Buddhism itself, Tho secrets of hypnot*
ism. thought transference and many
others on what may be called the oooult
side of nature,while thoy are mysteries to
the Western world have betn commonplaces to these people for ages, and they
have never permitted tho slightest Inkling of their true nature to leak out, although their revelation might possibly
revolutionize the world. Tho trade se-
orets of the Phoenicians ware kept for
centuries with marvelous fidelity. The
chief of these wa- doubtless tho location
of and the method of reaching the tin
mines of Cornwall, and the story is still
extant of the cap-tain of a Phoenician galley who. when pursued by a Roman
trireme, which sought to follow him to
his destination, deliberately ran his ship
ashore and wrecked her, so that, the great
secret might remain undlvulged.
His Thought,
A man who is sad or sorry is often approached best from the commonplace
side Inthe "History of the Town of
Bedford" is a story of a misanthropic patient in a Washington hospital during
the war. He had a compound fracture of
tin- knee, and as he was in pain most of
the time, oould scarcely be expected to
prove a jovial companion. Yet. although
he steadily frowned down nil efforts at
conversation,one lady.who was staying in
tho hospital to nurse her husband, succeeded in getting Into his life one little
wedge of human kindliness.    She writes:
He does not care tn have mo road or
speak to him ; wo call him "South Carolina'' because he wishes to be "let alone.'*
One morning, as I took my usual walk
down the aisle, his head was resting on
his hands and he looked very solemn, 1
felt that he was homesick. I was determined to call him out of himself if T
could. Acting on the impulse of tho moment, 1 said:—
a penny for your thoughts, sir!"
To my surprise he did not frown, as
he had done before when I had spoken to
him. hut said quietly: "My thought la
too foolish to tell."
" Perhaps not," I replied,
Hell said lie, "I was just wishing I
could hav.* some buttermilk biscuit for
breakfast, like those tho woman used to
make with whom 1 boar.led in New
He told me her name and where she
lived, and then 1 could say that she was
my husband's cmsln. That made a lu--
glnnlng, and since then I have dared to
"be neighborly."
'liiii Oxen.
Cue of the greatest    curiosities   among
the domesticated animals of  Ceylon is a
breed of cattle known to tho rouloglsts as
thu "BO -red running oxen. They are tho
dwarfs ol the whole ox family, the largest specimen of the species ni ver exceeding thirty Inches in height. One sent to
the Mnrqnls of Canterbury tn the year
lSt'l which is Btlll living, and is believed
to be somewhere near ton years of ago. is
only twenty-two mob.68 high, and weighs
but one hundred and nine and a half
pounds, In I fey loll they are used for quick
trips across country with express matter
and other light bads, and it Is said that
four of them can pull a driver of a two-
wheeled ■ art and a two-hundred pound
load of miscellaneous matter sixty to seventy miles a day. They keep up a constant singing trot or run. and havo been
known to travel ono hundred miles In a
day and night without either food 01 water. No one knows anything concerning
the origin of this peculiar breed of miniature cattle. Tiny have boon known on
the island of Ceylon and In other Buddhistic countries for moro than a thousand
A Straight  Answer.
"How's the going':" called the man tu
the rod mittens, as. through the blizzard,
the driver of the Wayback mail camo
struggling into town.
"iHimio," RnBWOTed the driver. "L
haven't gone yet—but," he added in a
burst of frankness, "the coming is oil-
lircd hard" GbeHaimimoflfoaU
ity thi:
E, C. Bbahd. Editor aud Manager.
Bastion Street. Nanaimo, it. C.
Hy mall—One yoar    2.00
" Six tl! nil I lis  LES
- Three months vs
Delivered by currier *jr>c per monlt]
SAT1 BDAY MORNING, •   -   -  ■ MAY '.>. ISM
Twice-a-week Mail.
Id response to :i general demand,
The Nanaimo .Mail will hereafter
be published semi weekly on W'eil-
nesday and Saturday evenings.
The Saturday edition will continue in eight-page form, and in its
next issue will commence ;i thrilling love story of the sunny South,
entitled "TheOverton Claim," concerning rival claimants to n valu-
uable tract of land in Tennessee,
and is one of lho best productions
of the celebrated authoress, Martha
McCulloch Williams.
The price of Tiik Mail will remain unchanged.
The Free Press vau\ Its
In a recent editorial spurt the
Free Press took occasion to sing the
praises of Mr. llaslam as a Dominion representative. While we do
not agree with his public conduct,
and believe he is open to severe censure fur some of his actions, anil
more particularly for his-inaction,
yet our respect for him as a fellow-
citizen makes us wish that he had
been spared the publication of these
recent masterpieces of sarcasm. A>
it i-, he is presented to the electorate with the most fulsome flattery
and patent falsehood in a strangely
ridiculous light, the only charitable
feature of the situation being that
the description places .Mr. llaslam
beyond the possibility of recognition, Bul if Mr. 1 laslam cannot
protect himself from his friends, it
is certainly out of our line to suggest discipline.
We intend to refer to a few efface
expressions used by our 1 cal contemporary, and wi' can assure our
readers 1l1.1t. in repeating them, it
is not our desire to add to the foolishness of their subject, bul only tu
suggest a few ideas in rebuttal of
the apparenl insinuations tiny contain against the nther candidates,
Mr. Haggart and Mr. Mclnnes:
From all sections of this vast district
have been received urgent requests i"i
Mr. Haslnm tn allow iii** nnuio to lv
placed in nomination, for they all feel
ilmi in .Mr. Haslam they have had a representative of tlic strictest Integrity,
Bterting business qualities, und one who
has ever been keenly alive to tbe Interests of the Province generally and Vancouver Island liisuict in particular.
.Mr. Andrew llualam, ulm bus so ably
represented this constituency for the
pasl three years, Ins. mi the urgent request of his friends, consented to again
allow himself in be put in nomination,
We do not doubt Mr. Iiaslam's
integrity, nor du we necessarily
doubt bis business qualities. Hut
when we learn that, he "has been
keenly alive to the interests of this
Province" ami "has .-0 ably represented this constituency," doubting
Thomas is not in it with us. li
indeed would be hard to imagine
what the Free Press would consider
"poorly" represented, ii is inconceivable how even a party paper,
inspired by the conditions that animate our local contemporary, can
so stultify itself as to throw before
the public such an undisguised
falsehood. Nothing is more certain
or more frequently made ihe subject of regret in this district, than
the absolute incapacity of mu- lasl
member. For three sessions he
traveled to Ottawa and back. What
he did we do not know. That be
did nothing for this district we unfortunately do know. If we are
mistaken, lei him speak out ; ami
the public will be ready lo place
credit where due. Hut this prating
about "able representation" is as
yet premature. Look at tiie mail
service, public buildings, harbor
and coast facilities, subsidies, etc.,
and you will strain in vain for the
fruits of this "able representation."
Perhaps it was on tin.' floor of Parliament that this "able representation" took place. Jf sn, we have
lived in the dark, for thus far we
have seen attributed to Mr. Haslam
only utterances too puerile to merit
even passing notice in debate, and
more like the foolish jumble of a
mispraci'd, embarrassed man than
the deliverance of an "able representative." But we are writing for
the eyes of hundreds who have suffered by this able representation,"
and therefore dismiss this text.
Again, we find that—
The resources of this Immense district
are Indeed varied und extensive, requiring for their assistance and development
the services of a practical, capable and
enterprising man—nol ibe superficial
politician—in ihe parliaments of tbe
And here we ask fair neighbor
again what has this, "practical, c.i
pable and enterprising man" clone
lor our district during his three years
at Ottawa? We await an .answer.
But the point in tbe above extract
is that Mr. Haslam is a political
giant, and that -Messrs, Mclnnes
and Haggart are mere "superficial
politicians." This is rich. KLr.Has-
lani a deep politician! We wonder
how he came to be overlooked by
Sir Charles Tupper in forming his
new Government. But to the point:
When did the Free Press develop
such an antagonism to "superficial
politicians"? Did it not once support Mr. llaslam when he himself
blandly acknowledged that he knew
nothing of Dominion politics? But
Mr. 11 islam soon grew in wisdom—
in fuel, within four months nf this
confession, he told Sir Richard
Cartwright in Parliament that he
said nothing worth talking about
or considering; ami since then of
course he has attained such an eminence that he can look down on
Martin ami ridicule his ignorance
and condescend to gaze on Laurier
and Mills and Weldon and McCarthy and a host of Canada's
brightest sons ami pass judgment
on their wisdom as the mutterings
of a drunken, crazy rabble. No,
indeed; Mr. Haslam is no "superficial politician"—if you are to
judge by his own remarks. But,
then, why he cruel and judge a man
by cold words in type, when he
probably saw six speakers before
him when speaking and did not
realize the unutterable presumption
and absurdity of what he said?
We are also constantly reminded
in different, ways that—
Mr. Ilasluni has extensive interests in
Ibis district, for bis lumbering enterprise alone has given employment to u
large number of persons, lor during tbe
past few veins he has been the next
largest employer of labor to the collieries.
It would appear from theconstant
repetition of this idea that it is contended that a rich man is a better,
wiser man than a poor man, and
would therefore ma >e a more satisfactory representative. With this
view we take exception. A man's
wealth is no criterion to his honor,
often the reverse; neither is i; always 'he result of superior wisdom.
The met hods of acquiring the wealth !
now broughl into prominence arc
beside the question. Love of country and Joviiliy to principle are nut
necessarily the attendants of wealth,
ai history amply affirms. Sir John
A. Macdonald had several subscriptions taken up in his favor to keep
the wolf from the door. Sir John
Thompson died poor and his family
were thrown upon the charily of
the Canadian people. Even in this
district the late lamented D. W.
Gordon, the best representative tho
district ever had a man who did
more in his poorest session's work
than Mr. Haslam has done in hi-
three was not over-endowed with
riches in the early years of his parliamentary career.
But more extended reference (0
this matter is unnecessary. The
public arc familiar with Messrs.
Haslam, Haggart and Mclnnes.
They know Mr. Ila-lam's failure as
a Dominion representative. They
know that he has obtained nothing
for this district; and, so far as he
has spoken in Parliament at all, it
has been discreditable to an important district such as ibis. In short,
il cannot truthfully be denied by Mr.
Ila-lam's best friends that be has
been a complete failure as our Dominion representative; that he has
proven his absolute incompetency
in such a public role ; that he has
no influence at Ottawa; thnt be has
said nothing and done nothing in
Parliament for tbe benefit of this
district; and, to put it mildly, the
foolish remarks he may have made
were calculated to make a sorry
spectacle far from beneficial to those
he was supposed to represent. This
is plain truth, and we believe it the
best antidote to the lying rubbish
that    the    Free    Press'   has    lately
dumped on the public.
It i.s almost an axiom of tbe legal
profession that the law i.s clear and
certain, and the judges know the
law. ll is one nf the hist principles
of Blaekstone that "the law cannot
make a mistake." And yet one of
the most eminent of English judges,
Lord Mansfield, once said, in deciding a case: "As to the certainty
of lhe law, it would be very hard
upon the profession if the law was
so certain that everybody knew it.
The misfortune is, it i.s so uncertain
that it costs much money to know
what it is, even in the court of last
resort." But that was before our
Local Luminary dawned upon the
God give us monl   A time like this demands
Strong minds, -,'rent licints, true ftiiili and ready
Men whom the IuhI of olllre doefl not kill;
Men whom Un,. spoils of ollleu eiin not buy;
Men who possess opinions nud a will;
Men who line honor—men who will not lie;
Men who can stand before 11 demagogue
And hrnvo Inn treacherous Hlltlerlugs without
'lull men, nun-frowned, who live »hove thefog
r-i puhlle tinty and In private thinking.
for wMle tho rabble, with ihulr thumb-worn
Their largo professions, nnd their little deeds.
Mingle In Kellli.lt Mrlfe, Io!  Freedom weepB,
v. rongrules ihe 1111111,111111 waiting justice sleeps,
J. Q, Holland.
More Money in Silver and Lead at the back of
Than Gold ?& the Back of
Opposite Gibson Block, Commercial St.
Agent for tiie Dominion Building and Loan Association,
Suliscnbetl Capital 82,250,000.
No entrance fees unless loans are accepted.   Money advanced
within '20 days of application.   All terms and agreements aro in black and white, so you can understand them.
Insurance  Companies.
Royal, Queen,
London and Lancashire,      London and Canadian,
Quebec of Ontario.
Twelve months ago     150 -—: ■ . . _.-    —  =
To-day   -   -   - 3,500 Thc Most complete stock Best Bread Pies and Cakes
And estimated to reach
Within 12 months from date
Sossland lots are worth
$1000 to $6000
Ami out of your reach as a speculation;
I will sell you good
At $150 to $200.
Easy Terms.
Other good lots from $50 to $150
These prices are an advance on last quotations, but
Is beginning to go ahead in good shape.
If you buy now you WILL make big money.
T should like to see more in Nanaimo interested,
that I can recommend to my clients and others.
The reader of this must acknowledge I am
right, and I will give you an easy, square deal
to suit the times. Business is improving all
along the line
Jas. McGregor's
Victoria Crescent.
m sior Bakery
Wc have a Fresh Stock of Choice
Candies in thin week.
Cannot be  surpassed In the
City. We keep a special line of
Choice Teas and Coffee,
Canned Fruits, Etc.
Don'tgo elsewhere until you have tried
-:- THE AECADE -:■
Where they Defy all Competition.
15 Victoria Crescent.
1-. 0. Box 2-!5._ Telephone 7-tt.
Nanaimo Meat Market,
Wholesale and Retail Dealers In all kinds of
.    Fresh and Salt Meats,
"'"   Sausages, Etc ,
Moats Delivered—
To uny pari Ofthe City free of charge.
Speolal Attention paid to Shipping Orders.
A Trial Solicited.
Mining Exchange Department.
Shares in various mines for sale from 10c. up. Also, one-
linlf nnd one-fourth interests in some of the hest claims
on the Island for sale at reasonable prices.
City Auctioneer
-". Commission Merchant
SALES conducted In Wellington, t'nlon
and Adjoining l>ixtrictB.
Johnston Block, Nanaimo.
People who Appreciate *
Have tholr prescriptions dispensed at
Their Prices are night. Telephone s.
Garbonating anil Bottling
MITCHELL 4 Rl'MMIKO, Proprietors.
Manufacturers of Lemonade, Ginger Ale, Snr-
siiparilhi. Cillers, Etc.
All Orders Promptly Attended To.
Telephone 20. 1*. o. Bos '.to.
Restaurant and Chop House
Oysters in every style. ,§
Meals, 25c. and upwards.
(iood Beds, 25c. and upwards.
Spring Chicken always on hand.
Try Philpott's Tomato Catsup
25c. und 50(i. per Bottle.
We Never Sleep.       Open Day and Night.
Cuban Cigar Factory.
Our Cigars atv mude of the Choicest Havana
Tobaccos.   Our famous
Cuban Blossom »*»
Black Diamond
Aro called for everywhere, and are superior to
any Imported olgar.   Made by Union Labor.
M. J. BOOTH, Wharf Street.
c. c. Mckenzie,
Land Agent and Conveyancer,
Town Lot* and Partns for Sale.   Money to Loan
on Mortgage nl low rates.
Agent for the United Fire Insurance company
of Manchester, England,
Lodge Notices.
Inkerman Lodge, So. US, Sons of St.
Georof,—Benular weekly meeting is held
in Hubert's Hull, Wharf street, on Sat-
citi-AY evening at s o'clock. Visiting
brethren cordially Invited to attend.
J-'UKl). Wauhtai'f, Sec. In His Efforts to Carry Out the
Wishes of the Council.
The Sunday Law to Be Enforced if
Found to Be Operative—Privilege Granted for Horse
Races on the 26th.
A full board wus present at the C'nun-
thought it should be handed to the Police
id not
t, for
the hest interests of the city, but thought
he had acted indiscreetly. His action
was not in accordance with the wishes
ot a majority of the Council,as there was
no reason to believe the aldermen who
were absent when the resolution to reduce the force was passed, and who hud
voted against it at a previous meeting,
had changed their opinion, and he
thought the Mayor had overstepped his
A Id. Westwood expressed similar views
and therefore could not support the motion.
Aid. Foreman admitted he had voted
against the motion when it was lirst Introduced, but thought the Police Board
should have considered the mutter when
it hud been referred to them, and in this
il meeting Monday evening, when the   position he did not think he was "going
hack on    his previous action.   He could
following business wns transacted :
From Hon. .lames Baker, Provincial
Secretary, notifying the Council of the
appointment of Mr. A. K. Johnston us
Police und License Commissioner, ltc-
celved und filed.
From Magistrate Simpson, staling lie
.could see no legal reason why the license
paid by the Victoria Brewery should hi
refunded.    Received und lileil.
From John Biukle, complaining of the
improper way iu which the sidewalk
had been laid on the lower side of .Mil-
see no reason why tbe Police Board refused to take some action in the matter,
and would therefore endorse the action
of the .Mayor, believing he had acted for
the best interests of tbe city.
Aid. Sinclair questioned the course of
Aid. foreman alter he bud voted against
a reduction of the force. The duty uf
discharging a constable, he thought,
rested entirely with the Police Board,
ami the Council should let tiie matter
Aid. Wilson was heartily in sympathy
with the Mayor in his endeavors to carry
: out the wishes of the Council iu the line
1 of retrenchment, It had nut been proven
: that  the  vote liv which the resolution
ton street; tluit if it remained as it Is, it passed was not a proper one, and the ex-
would completely blockade the Bickle caption taken in this respect was improperly and render it untenantable, tenable. Six was a quorum of the Coun-
On motion of Aid.' McDonald, referred oil to do business, and the vote was per-
to the Street committee for report. feelly legitimate. Solar as the Mayor
From the Salvation Army, by M. A. endeavors to carry out the wisheB ot the
Fitzpatriok, officer in charge, complain- Council, he would support him, Tbe
inj; of lhe damage done to ihe iounoa-1 Magistrate had shown verv little cour-
tion and basement of the barracks by tesy ln the matter and deserved the cen-
• Uoard «i i
ilu-c force by oi
reason of water being allowed to drain
therein ..tiring the fall and winter,
•and asking that a coinmittee be appointed to investigate the sunie wilh a view
to granting compensation. On motion
of Ant. Bradley, referred tu Street committee lor report.
From tl. F. Cane, on behalf of Geo. It.
Raymond, asking that the official lines
be given ul lot 3, block til, east side of
Commercial Street. On motion of Aid.
Westwood, il was so ordered.
From Thompson & Scoville and Dun-
lop Bros., complaining ihat parties who
kept bicycles lor hire Here not required
lo pay license therefor. Aid. Wilson
thought they were amenable under the
by-law, which Included all "vehicles"
kept lor hire, and moved ihat the collector be directed to colled the license,
'i'he motion prcvaileo, Alii, Bradley voting no.
From K. McRae, iiskiic* the privilege
of digging a celiac under his residence
on Nicol streel and placing the earth in
front of his property. Permission gruut-
e , tin* work lo oi1 'italic under lhe supervision oi ihe Street committee.
I'loni the resident, ratepayers, asking
ttial a hix-luul sidewalk iie laid on the
f.i.-i siue ol Vi.-toiia road, from lot io to
io. 21, Jueksun block (420 leet), On mo-
tion o, Aet. Plama, referred io Street
committee lor report.
From thc resident ratepayers, complaining ol toe rough condition uf Pri-
uuaux street, between Fitzwiiliuni and
the sawmill, aud asking thai steps be
tauea tu have it graded. On motion of
Aid. McLionahl, referred to the Street
Committee to report on the approximate
cost of tbe work.
Frpm .. number of ratepayers, asking
that the dog-tax be reduced to lj.1, but
that a penalty of .ydi) oe imposed for allowing sluts lo run at large at certain
times. [Tnis petition was deferred lor
discussion, but was overlooked.)
The clerk read the following report
from Mayor Davison:
Nanaimo, B.C., April 27,1806.
To the Board of Aldermen :
Uknti..ou:n—lieliovlnu Unit
passed Muroh .11, rut'iiusun'- ta
Uomintsslouurs iu reduce trie tn
member, merited lhe due mil early considers*
tion ui tne board, I oolitic i mo laeinbura lliefe f
-...ul a meoluii- „,».,.,. bu iieldon the7tli Inst,
A few minutes afier Ilia lime appointed for
thu meelui'- Mr.a mp*,ou, uecoinnaiilod by Chlei
ol Police urusauu,entered ineoiaco cf the City
Clerk, and upon ascertaining that the object of
tne 1110611111- was n, uuustder tho Council's resolution, hu Immediately Informed me ttnit tho
imi.tlug .,tsiica a mealing would be useless /it,
as r.iii. e Magislratuof this oity, he would not
iii.o me Council's request any consideration
I mlii Mr. Simpson Unit I had mild tho meeting fur the express purpose nf considering die
Co..noil's resolution, and mat u would lie unjust in deny it a few moments' consideration,
lie then consented to liol.l tlm meeting, nut
warned me lino t,e would lake no action in the
matter whatever. We men look ,.ur seal;' at the
board, und, lo mv great sttrprl.ie, Chief of Police
Crossiin, as if ho were cuiiiie.l in On so, did tho
aa ne. 'l'n las presence mere I immediately ub-
jutted nu ine reusouabie ground that, unless
liulilied by Ine secretary thai his services would
be tequlred, neither ne' nur anv other member
of the force bail auy right tn l,e present, and
liinrc especially at a lime when the solo Object
of the meeting was In eunsuler the advisability
nl reduolug the forte.
Mr. Simpson argued that the chief bad a per-
leei right in he present, and I contended that lie
luut uot, ami would imi open the meotlngAvhlie
be sat in the hoard. The I'ulice Magistrate, slating bis unwillingness mproceed with the business In the absence uf the chief, left his Beat,
ami tne meeting, being without u quorum, ihe
petition ni the Council was nnt discussed. I
again called a mooting fnr ihe ifjih Inst, fnr the
purpose aforesaid, and also in considor.the application uf nlghtwatohman Trounce fur two
weeks' leave nf absence.
Mr. Simpson came uptnthe (ity Clerk's otlice,
where I was waiting, received bis cheque fur
last ninlltb's salary, and was about lu leave the
room when I askeil him if be .lid nut Intend In
remain lur thc meeting, and to this civil question he made answer: "it's nunc nf your business!" anil hastily made his exit from* ibe room,
The I'ulice Magistrate, as you are alt aware,
receives from tlielity a Hillary of f 10IHI a year tn
mien,I tu and faithfully perform (be varioiiH
duties ill connectluti with  Ills nllice.   Tins be
has not only refused tu do, nut has acted instead
in a most disinterested manner, using at the
same time very uugentlemaniy language. Kind- ■
ing that the Police Magistrate still persisted In '
i:,rmirlng your request, I became convinced that
tne time had arrived when thu alitor* nf tho city
shoutil no longer lie left tn the capricious humor ,
uf an uninterested Individual; ami as the council had ilccided that iwu pulieeincli were aalli-
clent fur tiie present requirements nl tbe city, I I
give Constable Thompson a notice of suspen- j
Sinn nn the Jlst hist.
Now, the i'ulice Magistrate having taken one
view uf this quest mu and 1 another, and an the
third commissioner has at lust heun appointed,
ynur request will doubtless come up fur consideration before a full iiuard uf Commissioners
-shortly Should the majority uf the board decide tu retain the present police force in its entirety, the Council can then discuss the decision
of the board anil pursue whatever couthc thoy
may deem expedient.
1 have the h r tu tie, gentlemen,
Your ubcdlent servant,
AM. McDonald moved that tho action
of the Mayor be endorsed; Aid. Wilson
Aid. Morton claimed the Council had
no right to deal with the matter. The
Council hud aright to request the Police
Board to take certain actions, but a ina-
joriy of that board had not authorized
the Mayor to take the course he did.
The Council had not asked the Mayor to
submit a report un  the  mutter, and  he
sure uf the Council. There wus no excuse for bis refusal to consider thc question. Whether he coincided with the
Council or not, he had done wrong.
Mow the Police Board was properly eon-
Stltuted, the matter would doubtless be
threshed out, and he was willing lo
abide by the decision of the board.
Aid. Bradley, as opposed lo Aid. Morton's opinion, contended tbe Municipal
Act required the Mayor to report such
action as he had taken to the  lext meeting of the Council.     He eonf.emned the
action of the Magistrate in ignoring the
request of the Council.      He did  not
know from what source be obtained his |
authority, but he believed he had over-!
stepped Ins power,    lie did not see how I
the .Mayor could  have taken any other 1
action when  he was obstructed  in  the I
course of his duty by the  Magistrate,
who refused to act altogether.
Aid. Morton moved as an amendment
thai the communication be received ami !
(bed;    Aid.   Sinclair   seconoed.     The j
amendment was  lost  by  the following j
vole: Ayes—Aid. Morton, Planta, West-
wood and Sinclair.   Nay.*,—Aid. Wilson,
McDonald,  Bradley, Martell  and Foreman.
The original motion then passed by a
reverse vole.
From T. Bryant, on behalf of the executive committee of local temperance
societies, drawing attention to the fact
that the Sunday law was '-inoperative,"
and ask ng thai the law be enforced,
Abb Wilson moved the matter be referred to Ihe Police Bonn
was nol operative, it wa
suggest tiie remedy.
-"— —=^-jJCV\    .-.-iii'-J •-•■V-1'"     '.\VV  -Y*'
.HS-J& S *;•=.-'.*( -.-''-J.-! sfcp-i I'
i.-»      ,K /■«.v*"*vv.';y--. .-.-.-;.-   -,-:-£>:-- . Vl-fiH' 7
'^j.-hli nt;.--^?nm
|cfv^:g^^«Si"' i
sSrf g**S >Sfe. C: Ni>'      • • ^-ST-C-. .»-—^=- ^Kfea  5
"Help! help!   Meredith, Chrtplenu, Kucjh John, Pellctier
of Boodle, help, and he quick about it!! "
.._ _ §~p^lIM
......     -■....,-.:,        .Wtt^r*--^1
'it"''--''.'-"^'.^ ^.^»,-:^*'—.^sfi |i vti\
somebody—anybody—in the nama
with during the celebration by the eon-
for if the law I l''''"n "' the building on the Hirst estate.
their duty to   , Oi1,mo,t.i?,n '"' Aid. Morton, amended
, by Aid, Wilson,   H   was  ordered that "
Who Holds the Dirk?
A Snap.
Some   Mud
Aid. Morton understood the law was
mil workable, ami ii it wus not it should
tie made so.
Aid, .McDonald thought the Police
Board should say why the law was not
enforced.   He seconded the motion.
Aid. Morton did not want the Police
Board to enforce the law if it was likely
to involve the city in a lawsuit, lie
called upon the Mayor for information.
Aid. Martell said the city had a right
resuhi'iun  to regulate lhe liquor traffic,
The Mayor, in reply lu Aid. Morton,
said the by-law bail passed at the end of
last year, lie did not think it was the
province of the Police Board to enforce
lhe law. to was a vital question, aud
would involve the city in considerable
expense to allow it to go into the courts,
lie advised the Securing of competent
legal advice. It tbe Council would give
him authority, ho would procure advice;
ami ii the by-law was found ti lie legal,
would see that it was enforced,
Aid. Planta moved that lhe mutter be
referred to the Police Magistrate for legal
opinion. After some discussion as to
whether the advice of the magistrate
would conflict with his position as judj^e
of cases brought before him under the
law in question, the motion prevailed.
Iresslllg uf gravel lie placed over the rock
on Wallace street, and the sidewalk on
that street put in proper repair to the
Comox mail.
On motion of Aid. Morton, the Council went into committee on cemetery
all'uirs, and the following bids for a sidewalk from the present limit on Comox
road to the cemetery gate were read:
Wilson & Barnes, (17c. per lineal foot;
W. A. Nettle, tine.; A. W. McDonald,
68c. On motion of Aid. Wilson, the contract was awarded to Mr. Settle.
In reply to Aid. Bradley, Aid. 'Wilson
stated the cemetery clerk hud not had
time to complete the list of amounts due
the cemetery fund, but Ihey would approximate $100. The clerk was granted
further time to report.
The committee then rose and the
Council adjourned.
Our local contoraporary lastweelt, The Harbor Dredged ■
referring to Mr. Eiaslnm s cundida- Revealed.
ture, said among otlier things: EniTOH Mail: Now that matters
lt is not positively known, nor will it pertaining tu Dominion politics are
. i   .i...... .., i ..... ..„... -     .       ^      .      . .    '
be known for a few days at least, as to l ^n t],e oarpet jt  might not be out
whether Mr. Haslam will consent to Im ■ '
a candidate for re-election or not.    W
A circular for Australia, published on
April 3(1, says: "The total amount of
Australian that can possibly reach here
prior to July I cannot cxceoiwlO,UUO tons,
so .hat it is very evident there will then
i be a very scant supply oi colonial eoals
here on hand; in tact, I here are now
some grades of Newcastle very  scarce
, here, which are being replaced by British Columbian steam coals at full figures.
i There are in all about 00,(Kit) ions capac-
■ ity already engaged to load coal iu Australia lor "here. Eighty per cent, of this
amount has not yet been loaded. iiiiiI
some of the snips already listed will nol
i be   at   their   loading   port   for several
months yet.   Values have changed but
; little since  the last mail; freight rales
ion coal ure reported u little easier; hence
.!? .1?J!?i'j I asking prices fur cargoes are somewhat
lower.  Cabled reports are that the inln-
The Street committee presented a report on the repair of the Midstream
bridge, statin;; it would cost $600 or ijOOO
to put Ihe bridgq in a safe condition for
a year or two, but considered that would
be a move in the wrong dire,■tin,i ami
would be money thrown away, as the
bridge wind.I have to be built lit the expiration of ihat time. They recommended that steps be taken to secure a new
Aid. Wilson coincided with tl
and believed that a loan hv-law would
pass lor ihe purpose of construction, He | el.g |ulve g0Ile Mlt al „,,„„.,,, tho .„ ,„ ,
moved the matter lay over tor oue week j pa| collieries, but as vet no details hav
pending a statement irom the Finance
committee.   The motion carried.
The report of the auditor, stating he
had examined the books and accounts
for April and found them correct, was
received and tiled.
The report of the road foreman, giving
a detailed  statement of  street repairs
and  the impounding uf cattle for  the
pasl two weeks, was received and filed.
A communication was received from
the committee in charge of the horse-
racing to take place on the 20th, asking
the use of Haliburton street from Good
Templars' hall to the city limits for said
races, and that the street be put in a
butter condition.
Aid. Wilson believed the city would be
responsible for any accident that might
occur, and he did not see his way clear
to vole for the privilege.
Aid. Sinclair thought the street could
be closed for the time being. Ho moved
the petition be granted, the street to be
closed to vehicles for six hours, and notice to that etl'ect published.   Curried.
On motion uf Aid. Sinclair, it was also
ordered that lhe racing committee be required to-have notices posted on all the
cross streets Intersecting with Haliburton to the effect above Indicated,
At the suggestion of the Mayor, Aid.
Westwood agreed to see that tiie eonve
been received. As there is a very large
amount of tonnage awaiting coal, the
workmen will probably succeed in their
demands. This strike has beon threatening foi1 several months. The final outcome will be a probable advance in the
price of coals."   Prevailing prices are:
Wellington  *N Oh
New Wellington     S 00
Sonthlield     7 fill
Seattle   1(5 OOulfi 50 | lam does not Intend again i
understand tha'. the matter is now under
■ consideration, but there is reasonable
ground for the hope that Mr. llaslam
will meet the desires of Ills numerous
friends from all parts of the district, and
accept renomluaii in. ...
It is to be hoped Ihat he will be able to
see see bis way to accept a recotnination
at the hands of Ihe voters ol the Vancouver Island Electoral District.
In tin- same article language is
used which was evidently designed
to leave tlte itnpressiori that Mr.
Haggart wits an intellectual pigmy
beside giant llaslam ameresuper-
facial politician, and unworthy uf
this district's eimtideneo, But is is
notour intention jus; now to consider the relative proportions of
these gentlemi n's hats or purses so
much as to call the attention of
our readers t" the readiness with
which some Conservative editors
can work up an enthusiastic affection for a candidate, The Free
Press iiad scarcely disclosed to the
world how its hopes i i Conservative success centred in Mr. Haslam
when the Colonist, before Mr. Haslam had decided anil with a suspicion uf perfidy tluit is cruel tu
contemplate, declares that Mr. Haslam is mil iu ii ; thai Mr. Haggart
is worthy of every eulogy, and
around him every good Conservative should rally,    it says:
Mr..lames Haogarl of Wellington has,
we understand, been selecto 1 ustheCun-
servative candidate lor the representation of the Vancouver dUlrici in the
house of Commons. Mr. ijaggart is well
spoken of by all win, have Ilia privilege
of bis acquaintance, lie is a public-
spirited man of superior Intelligence,
and will no doubt serve tne constituency
effectively and faithfully. As Mr. Hasher bim-
of place to call attention to the
almse uf oflice whioh our harbormaster lias been guilty of for some
years past. Mr. (Juennell, as ca-
terer, provisions the ships that
enter our port; nnd Mr. Quennell,
as harbormaster, exercises quite a
little influence over these ships.
This arrangement, while it may he
A Full Assortment at the Lowest Market Rates
Promptly Attended to.
Tin and Sheet-Iron Work,
Victoria Crescent, Nanaimo
Offloe Tol. 80.   P.O. Iloxie.   Residence Tel. 101.
Funeral Director and Embalmer
Graduate of the Oriental, the Eureka,
tlm New York and Clark's
Schools uf Embalming.
1, 3 and 5 Bastion St., Nanaimo
Bakery and
Invites Inspection and Comparison
as tu Quality and Price.
Awarded First Prize at the Agricultural Show.
Bastion Street, opp. Telegraph Office
J^.J_,^VAVS in   stock —>
LAMPS, Etc. etc.
Birds and Animals set up in a thor-
ough workmanship manner.
On Hand—Four tine Decrs' Heads,
which will he sold for price of setting
them tip. Alpn a line ease of Birds.
d. s. Mcdonald.
(i!) Haliburton Street, Nanaimo.
r^oin mercial Hotel.
Corner Commercial and Bastion Sts,
This IniiK-uptiilillsheil Hotel in comfortably
tlttl'tl up with superior Hocomniotla-
tlons lor travelers ami others.
None but the best tirmnis or Wines, Liquors,
Ak's ami Cigars dispensed m the bar.
T. O'CONNEL, Prop.
Johuston Blook, Commercial street,
y.VI'Wiinli A  VulNil.  Iliirristers, corner of
t'oiuitierviiii ami BasUon streets.
rp   1IAKIIY,  I'mnnir  llrncflsl. W'illlieM Cres-
A.  cent.  Try Hardy's File Ointment
uf business with him and who feel
the result of the unequal competition.      If   Mr.   (illcnnell    considers ' li.UtKKlt ,t- PUTTS, Hamsters and Solicitors.
there is more money in catering to t *0joi,,i,,ordaut.eet.	
Ibe ships thau there is  in his posi- ;('   ? cask, Barrister and solicitor, Koomn,
.' ,     ,                     ,       i .*t . «• JohnBton mock.
tiuii ut harbormaster, then let him	
.Hive up bis salary and enter into |]£-*INNB8 •« M.i"-sr-. r,,,,,.,,.. tt..™, ,;.
competition un a fair basis. As it
is,if there is no abuse of office, there
is certainly the possibility of it, and,
tu say tbe least, the present position
of affairs is indelicate and improper.
Another thought: How dues it
come that the mouth uf tlie Millstreani has been allowed tu (ill with
snags and slabs, and collect a bar
of mud and debris to such propor-
' tions that where unco a large schooner could land an empty scow can
now scarcely be accommodated ?
And tiio Bawdust that perpetually
fluws down that Btream—has it also
escaped the notice uf our harbormaster? Nut at all. He nut only
knows these things, lie also knows
their origin, and the author of
them lias the same drop on Ned that
Ned has on lhe ships.    NuF SfiD.
Dlt. MASON, Dentist   Extracting a, speolalt
lias 111! * "
t Ether administered.
Offloe, Odd-Fellow's Blook, Nanaimo.
.1. CURRY, li. D. 8., Green Blook.
class work muuiinteed.
>    proprietors,  Viotoris Crescent.  Dispensing
ini'l Ihmlh recipes a specialty.
G   MARSH, Wholesale  Healer In  Fish and
•     Uiiiiic, Bastion street, Nanaimo.
Coos Bay.
Scotch ...
5 511
4 60
li mi
7 6'J
7 fill
Cumberland, in bulk $18.50; sacks Ifi 00
Pennsylvania Anthracite Egg,...
Huek Springs, Castle  Gate  and
Pleasant Valley	
18 Oil
8 00
7 lit)
What We Inherit
We nre not to blame for. We cannot bo lieM re
sponsible for the dlposltions and tondenoles |
which we derive irom our ancesiors, nor nre we
responsible lor tlicgorins of disease uiah may
manliest themselves ln our blood ns a heritage
from former ge ertulous. Mm we arerosponsi.
tile 11 we allow those lairuis tn develop into serious diseases which win Impair our usefulness
nml destroy our happiness. We tire responsible
If we transmit to our descendants tho disease
•terms whioh it is possible tor us to eradicate by
llui use oi Hood's Sarsaparilla, the one true
hlooil purilicr.    This modii '
self fur election, the Conservatives of the
district eaniuit do better than give Mr.
Haggart their united mul hearty support.
We du nut desire to enlarge upon
die domestic troubles pertaining to
the local Conservative camp, but
the conclusion from the above dippings is obvious—that our local
Conservative papers are very unlike
Oa-sar's wife, who we are told was
above suspicion, The public are
naturally inquiring: Why off with
the old love, Mr.-. Colonist? and
Mrs. Free Press, why blind to lhe
charms uf the new?
It Finds a Striking Counterpart In Recent
World Triumphs.
Napoleon knew well the value ot a victory.
After Atislerlit* the world seemed tits. Fame
invited, fortune lavored. everythtugstimulated
his aspiring ambition, With growing power he I ftRANP ""TKL-w. stem.,
Medical Hall, comer. onuiicrcial ami Uas-
tion streets.   Telephone i-H-n.
VANAlMu  DYE  WORKS,—Dyeing, cleaning
1*   and Repairing    14 Niool street.
C CHARLTON, Manager.
  ..as power to
.   ... ,   make rich,  red blood and establish perfeot
ntence ul pedestrians was nut Interfered I health in place ot disease.
Are You One of ih so unhappy people suil'er-
ln« witli week nerves? Reraemlior ihat the
norves mav he made strong by Hood's Sanapn*
rllln, which lOOds llleui Upon pure I,loud.
Hood's  l'ills me lhe bosl  lifter,Manor pill;
assbjtulgestion, preventoonstipation. 8do.       i
gathered the fnnts ol victory. Ami ao has It
ever been. Success succeeds, a notable tllus-
trillion oi tills truth Is furnished by the treat
victories won nl lhe World's Fair In '98 and the
California Midwinter Kalr In   '.14 by Pr. Prices
Cream ttakiun Powder. Ever Increasing sales
and popularity have beon the result. The people
have promptly ratified the official verdicts that
declared Pr. Price's, fir leavcntiit* power, keep-
Ing qualttlos, purity and general excellence, the
"foremost baking powder iu nil the world."
Quite as qulrhUy ns the great Emperor do thoy
know tiie value ol a victory (lint means worldwide siipieiiuicy.
lii-M < i.is^ AccoinmodaUon, Fire proof building
Terms: $1.00 Per Day and Upwards.
The Doon Hotel,
jas. DENNETT, Proprietor,
Commercial St.,     Nanaimo, B, C,
torla Crescent.
i-   Proprietor,   Victoria Crescent.
WOLFK, Financial and Insurance Agent,
Johnston Blook.
and  Ptpn rainier, Pft]
Corner Albert nnd Milton
4    HASH)  Roiiao   Hini  Pipit rainier, Paper-
A* Hanger, ete.   (v— *      ' *""
PtreelH.   V. O.bOX '2!*S,
WORKMAN A HARDY, Real Batata Brolteiis
I      1'HKlion street.
-\\ TAYLOR, Doaler in nil kinds i
I '• Pooond'Hanti FnrtiHure,
f Nom- nnd
.  and  Fancy Arti-
alt-t. cf every description.
Next Ui QuetinoUl] ruinmcrelnl etreet. BICYCLE RIDING.
Some Practical and Interesting Advice
Frnm an Expert—ISHHlest and Most Grace-
fti) Way fur a Woman.
The average novice Imagines that ho
U riding on horseback rather than taking
a walk or run on his own legs—whion
riding a bloycle actually amounts to—
and It takes him usually until hi* second
season at riding before he actually rids
himself of tho deln-don and becomes enthusiastic. It Is then, too, that he tires
oi reading theories uf how to ride a bioy-
ole, the proper position, sad die, etc.,
written usually hy inexporlonced phy-i
olane and professors who havo ridden a
few times. He will usually read anything
at first, and try everything that is advo-
oated; but when he ha« aotunlly passed
the "third dogreo," anil has ridden tho
goat "be turns a deaf ear tn it ail and
selfishly loaves bis neighbor to "find It
out1' lor himself
Did you i vor compare riding a bicycle
to climbing a ladder? The similarity Is
surprising- and in order to demonstrate
the idea moro forcibly three illustrations
are given herewith, showing a man
climbing a ladder in three different positions Tiio first position is represented by
A, Whose lad dor i« placed in a position
almost perpendlonlar; his hands are
grasping the two rails of the ladder As
he proceeds to nsoend, step Ity step, lie has
to grasp tightly with his hands or he will
ffall bnok ward, boon use tho point of equilibrium is ahead of his weight, or. In
other words his feet are ahead of his
body. His upper-limb muscles are doing
very muoh more than would bo necessary should the ladder be placed at a
lower angle, When he steps up a step ho
ra.st-s his entire weight, plus tbe "pull,"
by thu grasp of the hands, which "pull"
acts directly upon the muscles of the
back and abdomen, helping largely toward exhaustion. In fact, the action of
any unnecessary muscles tends to ex-
b a ns tion, and exhaustion invites discouragement, especially ton bicycle rider.
If A climbs very far his hack or abdomen
wili be the first to feel the strain; yet
his position on the ladder is about the
same ;is that adopted by the average beginner on the bicycle, who will continue
to rale in this pOSitiO . unless lie be nf an
observing disposition, or unless pome
friend actually teaches him better. Kven
then he will argue that he has reasons for
doing sn. (1) be cau Bo it appears to be
common sense to sit. erect as if riding
horseback and (8) because the machines
•are built that way—except the racing machines, and of course he does not want a
tracing maohine or any "bending over."
He has rtnd too many articles on the
evils of bending over.
Now let up look at B. Did you ever
stand at a public stairway and give notice
to tbe positimi ino.fi poople assume when
climbing the stain-' Do sn. and you will
observe that they all iean forward a little
slightly bending at the hip joint,
but not bending the back. Why
Is this? Nature tells us that it makes the
work easier and we certainly do find it
so. Tbe bicycle rider who has'found''
this position has found tbo easiest position, Re can travel mere miles in a day
and feel less tired He has passed into the
secoi.il and higher Btage of riding a bicycle, lie now possesses greater possibilities, and his interest In cycling is doubled.
He has made a discovery, he asplros to
take his next long run with a set of
wheelmen who ride faster and farther
than his usual companions. What was
only a Tad to this man has taken root ln
him. and lw becomes an enthusiast. He is
criticised by the Inexperienced multitude
for "becoming a scomber," or for "leaning ovor '    but yon Will notice that in his
riding now he does no pulling or pushing
— he puts his weight   simply  on   his forward foot (like 8   who climtiH tho ladder)
nat urally and more easily.
It Is needless to explain tho position assumed by C, but il will readily be compared with the M,w oreher," or a rider in
rael ng form. J le largely carries bis
weight on hi- hands, and by bending
over to exaggeration "doubles up his
lungs," solo ipeaki thereby, no doubt, in
viting danger. And this is a "leaning
ever'' position which writers do well to
warn wheelmen against) although these
writers make a mistake In assuming that
there are bnt two positions, vi/., to sit
croct and to lean over. C can make speed,
however, )n his pof.it ion. because of less
Atmospheric friction when riding at high
speed, a thing very essential In racing.
To tho rider who sits erect, and he is
largely In the majority, here is a little
graotical and kindly advice    Manage to
procure a "front'' saddle-post or a T-post,
if you have not one already, and adjust
your saddle forward. §ay 8 or 4 inches.
Then exchange your "raised'' handle-bars
fori* drop" bar—not an exaggerated
one, but medium—where the cork handle
is about 4 inches lower than the middle.
Adju.-t the handles to about 4 inches below Vie saddle, thon mount your wheel
ami try it. Vou will not take kindly to
it at first, because the change is so radical—it is a different system altogether .
Von will imagine you are going to pitch
Pusiiimi    Decrees   thnt  the   Mother-to-be
siiiiii Occupy Her I'nsitinn In Society.
The false modesty which makes a recluse of so in any w o ni rn during tho
months immediately preceding the birth
of their children has received a comforting blow from the last (junrter in which
sympathy was lo be looked for by those
who would rather be out of tho world
than out of fashion. Common sense and
the medical profession have always urged
upon pregnant women the necessity of
their remaining in tho world and of it at
such a time so far as compatible with
their   best   health.     Lately,    fashionable
, women in this oountry have seemed suddenly to remember that   foreign  nrlstoo-
I racy looks upon an   expectant   mother as
J the proudest of women, and the woman
herseli fills her aooustoined place in society so lung as her torn fart permits. Tho
result of this sudden accession of fashion
able pride in les jeunes mores, coupled
with tbe fact that young matrons in society who have baby sons and daughters
are the envied of childless matrons aud
oompllmonted of all fashiondom, has
boon a greatly augmented effort on the
part uf dressmakers everywhere  to com-
i pose toilette.- that shall boat once elegant
T.iK  RIG IT   " ■ Y   Tl)  MOUNT.
forward ovor the handle-bars, you have
to lean qulto heavily ou them instead of
pulling on them at every stroke. This
seems objectionable at lirst, but as soon
as the rider becomes reconciled to the
fact that he is propelling a machine instead of riding a horse the idea seems
more sensible, When this position is attained the question of saddle is also settled.
To tho rider now the saddle is but a
resting-place, not a scat, his weight being distributed on the pedals, handlebars
and saddle in about the relative percentages (tl 70 if. and 16—and when crossing
tracks and rough places he throws his entire weight on pedals and handles, relieving himself entirely from tho saddle for
tho moment.
.Vow the rider is able to make "centuries" without exhaustion ur discomfort
from the saddle, and now he makes no
more complaints about tbe "hardness"
of his saddle. It is the novice usually
who makes such complaints.
One of the greatest difficulties women
have tc. contend with in bicycling is
learning to mount easily   and  gracefully
niR wnoxu v-a.y to mol'st.
off tho level roadway. It is easy enough
when tho friendly onrbstone or raised
footpath Is bandy, but to stand on tiptoe
in the mad while the dress is adjusted on
tbe saddle, and then effect a good start,
is a gymnastic feat which few are equal
lo, especially on an up or down grade.
The fact is. this is not the best way to
mount. Tne best way—in fact, the oniy
proper one, not so easy io learn, but far
more effective arid graofeul when accomplished—Is this; Got the pedal into position for starting, grasp the handles firmly, and stand exactly in front of the saddle, with one foot on the pedal and tiie
other firmly planted on the ground; then,
by an upward and backward spring you
are in the saddle in a moment, with
the machine well started by the weight of
the body thrown upon the pedal and tbe
push from ibe other foot on the ground,
Tlte dress moreover, falls equally on
both sides, and needs no adjustment, and
the other pedal Is easily caught ns It
comes np by the font which has just left
the gro .no. In raising the body very little aotual spring is needed. Most of the
weight should, as we have said be thrown
upon the pedal, but some pressure on
the handles will assist. After a little
practice it will bo found much more easy
and effective than the other method.
It it best to try it at first at a standstill,
with some one to hold the machine. In
mounting down hill it- is a good plan to
bold nn the brake until the moment of
This is nne of the most difficult phases
ol cycling, and many women who wear
bloomers prefer mounting even a drop
frame from the rear, considering the
method net only far safer, but also much
more graceful.
A   Peculiar   Malady   Willi  Which  Sallow
Are Sometime* Afflicted.
Some very notable rases of sot ailed
moonblink, or moon blindness, were reported a few days ago, the victims being
sailers en board the ship Kl Capital),
whi< h had just returned to New York after a long cruise in Chinese and Japanese
waters. These men. we are tuld, were in
the habit of lying on the deck at night.
With their faces turned upward, and as a
result wur stricken with temporary
blindness During thn daytime they could
set well enough, but at night they could
see nothing, This singular aftilotion bo-
sol them as long as they remained in the
warm countries.
As to the cause or the exnol nature of
this disease m> explanation is to be found
in medical works. Sailors themselves bo-
Dew that it is caused directly by the
moon, and n.any who have looked into
thc subject of lunar influence agree with
them. One thing is certain, moon blindness was recognized as a curious malady
many years ago, and by one. who evidently wrote after careful consideration!
was attributed directly to lunar Influence. Martin, In his "History of the
Hritish Colonies," a book published many
years ego, says:—
"I have seen in Africa newly-littered
young perish in a few hours at the
mother's side if exposed to tbo rays of thu
full moon: fish become rapidly putrid,and
meat if left exposed, incurable or unpro-
servable by salt; the mariner, heedlessly
sleeping on tho deck, becomes afflicted
with myotologla, or night- blindness; at
times the face is hideously swollen if exposed during sleep to tho moon's rays;
the maniacs paroxysms are renewed
with fearful vigor at the full and change.
and the cold, damp chill of the ague supervenes on the ascendency of this apparently mild yet powerful luminary. Let
hor influence over the earth be studied:
it is more powerful than is generally
known. "—Boston Herald.
The busier we keep for the Lord the
harder it wttf l»/M Khs devil to uUkhs*
out notice.
and graceful for special maternity wardrobes. Common sense wins many women,
but when all is said and dene from that
point of view, there be many women who
bold back to hear the arguments of fach-
londom. Hear. then. Fashion decreos
tluit the mother-to-be shall occupy her
position in the home and in society as
usual, and the smart dressmakers aro
making lovely toilettes with this regime in
view—so lovely thoy arc equally ^elegant
for women everywhere.
An evening gown that is all that could
be wished in the way of fashion and be-
comingness is given. Plait satin combined with striped satin aro employed
With jabots the entire length of tbe front
and a corsage garniture in bow shape of
chiffon accordion plaited, (ireon satin in
a delicate shimmering shade with narrow satin showing stripes in floral pat;
tern in warn print is a handsome combination. The chiffon could bo white.
pale green'r I lack. A soft fold ot the
chiffon borders the decollete bodice.
Poo's Collage at For til mm.
At the top of Fordhatn Hill, on the
Klngsbrldge Hnnd, In the recently annexed or northern district- of New York
City, is a little old Dutch cottage known
to fame as the home of Kdgar Allan Poo
during the last four years of his life. The
hnlldlng is a small one containing only
three rooms, a porcli extending along its
entire front, ami standing with its gable
end to tho street Instead uf being clap-
boarded, it was shingled, ae was custom.
ary in the early days ln which it was
built, making a good specimen of the
dignllicii little homes that dotted northern New York, but which huvo almost
wholly disappeared before the march of
modern improvements, In Poe's time the
cottage was pleasantly situated on a little
elevation ln a large open space, with
cherry trees about it. Many literary
workers of his day visited him here, and
mention was quite frequently made of
the 00*y home which Virginia Poo made,
notwithstanding hor limited moans and
contracted quarters, The surroundings
have somewhat changed with passing
years. The cherry trees are gone, and the
neighboring bouses elbow the cottage
quite closely, but the poet's old home remains the same as a half century ago.
aside from the neglect of recent years.
The hallway   entrance leads directly to
the main room   of   the  house—n   good*
1 si/ed. cheerful apartment with .four win*
; duws two opening on the porch. Between
I those   stood   the   poet's  table, nt  which
j  much of his reading   and editorial   work
' was done.     It:  the   little  sleeping   room
[ lacing toward   the   street.   Virginia   Poe
died.    At the left of the little hallwny is
! an old fashioned winding staircase to the
l attic above    ln this low-roofed room Poe
had a writing table  and  his  meager   H-
:  brary.    Hero in soo In si on Ills more ami i-
j  tioufl   work   was    done.      The    musical
I "Bells. '  the   pathetic   "Annabel   Lee.'"
I the weird   "Uilalume,"  and the enigmatic " Kurekn,    as well  0,8  some of his
best (lotion,   were   written  hero. — Prom
"Shall We Preserve   the  Poe   Cottage  tet
Fordhami ' hy Fred,   M,    Hopkins,   in
April Review of Reviews.
Traveling Gnwn.
A smart traveling gown is designed
with an additional < oilar of tulle, which
quickly may be added for an evening at
tho Casino. The gown is out princess
fashion and is built of a tan covert suiting. All the seams in the skirt and bodice are outlined by a delicate tracery of
Iridescent beads and paillettes. The gown
fastens invlsibly.and the cut and lit must
bo perfection. On the right side of the
front breadth is a cloth strap held by two
fancy buttons and concealing a pocket.
Tho fancy neck arrangement to be worn
with this Is built of pale green and purple tulle, noordion pleated, the green being laid over tho purple, giving an almost
shot effect. About the neck is simply a
huge ruche of the double tulle: over the
shoulders are wings of tulle in epaulet
fashion, and in front is a third fan-shaped
wing reaching just over the bust. Doming from the neck ruche, but under thc
front fan. is a long scarf of the tulle dotted with paillettes. This is passed through
the strap on the skirt and falls down on
the skirt almost to the hem.
In « pi vTouched.
Clngo—-That trolley accident was quite
afflicting this morning.
Lingo—Yes, after the  crowd  hud  dispersed I put my hand In iv swttekWWJkft*
i and felt deonly touched.
A  New Currant.
While for many years thero has been
but little improvement in currants—and
this came almost exclusively from the
other side of the Atlantic—within recent
years American fruit growers have realized tho great importance of this fruit as
a market crop. .Several intelligent experimenters have made a specialty of currants, and have succeeded in producing
some new varieties of unusual excellence,
Mr. .Jacob Moore,of Wyoming county, X.
Y., the originator tif tho Brighton grape,
tbe Hartletti-Seokel pear, and other valuable fruits, has in recent years devoted
himself particularly to the Improvement
of the currant, of which, by judicious
crossing, he has produoed several excellent varieties, tho best of which he considers the Red Cross, which is now holug
introduced by the Green's Nursery Company, A8 seen in our Illustration, tbo
clusters aro long and well lieoked and
the berries very largo. Prof, Beach of
tho New York experiment station, describes thu fruit as "of largo size: stem
long  between  cane aud   bunch; fruit a
shade darker than Fay, but lighter than
cherry: averaging larger than Kay; very
mild; sub-acid for a red currant; clusters larger than Cherry, The flavor Is less
sprightly than either Kay or Cherry."
All those who have seen and tested this
new currant are well pleased with it. and
from all we can learn it is certainly
worthy Df extensive trials. The impetus
given thc culture of small fruits this season is pronounced, as shown elsewhere
In our columns, and this now variety
will no doubt receive further consideration at the hands of growers.
Transplanting Tici *■.
Tho critical time for trees transplanted
in spring comes in midsummer, This is
not gonorally itnderstood. Most people
think their newly i [anted trees need the
greatest attention for two or tlir -e weeks
after planting. Then they are watered,
though probably tho soil is still damp
from the spring rains. A tree that is in
proper vigor will always put out now
leaves when trans] Ian ted, however poor
its chance of living afterward. The sap
in the roots and trunk is sufficient to
start tbo buds into loaf. Then cutties a
larger call for sap, as the leaves evaporate
moisture more rapidly. If very heavy
rains fail tho m wy-plantod tree may be
more injured than benefited. Tho loose
sod around its roots will be washed away
from tlfcjm, and then the tree quickly
perishe«, Cultivating the surface and
mulching it is the best preventive of
this. Uut too much reliance should not
be placed on mulching, for it brings
roots near the surface, where they nre Injured hy frost in winter ami droughts
i i the following summer.
Iloi'tlvullutul .Votes.
Wo should grow (lowers when we make
a flower garden. Have enough of them to
make it worth the e(Tort. I sympathize
With the man who likes sunflowers,
There is enough of them to be worth
looking at, Thoy till the eye. Xow show
this man ten square foot of pinks, or asters, or daisio\ al! growing free and easy,
and he will toil you that he likes thom.
All this has a particular application to
the farmer. He grows potatoes and buckwheat and weeds by the acre; two fir
three unhappy pinks or geraniums are
not enough to make an impression.
It Is important in manuring orchards,
that the potash fertilizers applied Ie
mixed with the soil and L'O down deeply
enough to reach tho roots. There is no
danger that potash thus applied m fall
will Ijo wasted by leaching. Fruit*trees
roots go down as deeply as most under*
drains, as any one who has dug under*
drains in orchards must know. Thc feeding r: Ots sometime inthe course of the
fertiliser downward will seize It and
turn it to use Potash Is ln especial demand for bearing trees, though it also
has an excellent effect In promoting a
strong and healthy   growth of foliage.
LnqUlries sot on fool by tbe Delaware
Station show that the Bubaoh is the most
popular strawberry for general oultlva*
lion in that state, as it is the most productive and profitable variety. Haver*
land ranking second. Gnndy is considered
the best shipper, with Bubaoh closely following and Meek s taking third place.
Sharpless Is the favorite for home use,
with Gaudy for second choice. Michel
and fi overland are equally popular as
early varieties with Meok's closely following. Gandy takes the load na.a late
variety, with Knhaneo as Second choice,
The most prominent varieties cultivated
in Delaware are the Bubaoh Gandy,
Sharpless, Haver land, Michel, Jessie,
Phillips and Cumberland. The Station
recommends mowing and burning over
the strawberry field after picking the
fruit' as a remedy for the strawberry
In every long'-settled locality whore
tho soil is sandy, farmers quickly learn
after the original forest is cleared away
to plant windbreaks to protect their soil
from blowing away. Such windbreaks
do good, which more than offsets the
waste of the land which they occupy.
Not only Is soil blown away after being
plowed, but during the summer there are
frequent violent sand storms where Unwinds have full sweep, which uncover tho
seeds and plants or blow sand against the
foliage of plants, cutting nnd spoiling it.
These windbreaks serve another Important purpose in winter in keeping tho
snow evenly spread over the fields. Thoy
should be evergreen wherever possible, so
| ns to make a protection for wmtar as wmI-
i us for the summer season.
A Useful Article nf Navy Blue Flannel or
Serge for Spring Wear.
The accompanying design can be made
up of navy blue flannel or serge with
white pearl buttons, or in goods that can
be easily laundered. It consists of a
blouse waist of not much fulness, and
full sleeves gathered into a cuff one end
of which is cut to a peak like the belt.
The collar is a rolling one. The skirt,
which ia not  too  long,   hits  straps  that
eon be uplifted to reach tho buttons on
the waist, so that the skirt may be raised
in wet weather to avoid soiling It In
front when stooping, as shown In one of
the accompanying views. The bell should
tie sullieieiitly light lo secure the ends
of lhe straps whon not Uplifted, or can
be made additionally secure by sewing on
a hook on the strap aud making a loo;, ou
the waist line. The skirt may be a plain
skirt or a four gored one.
Their Secrets in a Nutshell.
Parisian modistes announce that trimmed skirts shall succeed the plain ones.
Voluminous skirts uro on the retrograde
—six yards in width is the maximum.
Smooth fitting about the hips is no longer an essential feature, but a disposition
to distribute the fulness evenly is apparent. Lose festooned about tbe lower edge,
or cascades outlining the godets. is the
manner of introducing this innovation
upon spring frocks for favorable comment,
Felix saye: "The corsage Is-no longer
the piece do resistance of the costume,but
' shares the honor of elaboration with its fellow skirt." Draped skirts are to ■ o In evidence in the late summer and si;-/ -ostions
of this coming style are found .a a Don-
cet model which shows a ' io of them in
mousseline do sote over n silken petthoat,
the upper end of whioh is caught up at
either sice  forming n deep tabller.
Due to the advent of tho bustle and
the adoption of Us colleague, the hip pad.
rip lo basques obtain. No bodice conforms to fashion's decree without the
undulating coat tail, the length of which
milady s own good taste must determine,
Worth s opinions are thoroughly identified with the sleeve family and the costumier says of them ■ " Huge sleeves are on
the wane poetic ones are to the fore."
In other words, the shove of to-day has a
tendency lo emphasize the lines denoting
a graceful, sloping shoulder, nnd tore-
veal the contour of the arm. All crinoline
is eliminated. Puffs and bouffant effects
are arranged with nn eye to picturesque*
ness and almost any disposal of soft folds
is regarded with favor.
Cuffe to be en regie shall be modifications of the Cavalier, Uanntlet, or Hell
variety. Developed In laco. or ribbon,
they unquestionably adorn tin- smart bodice of the summer girl. Sometimes terminating at the elbow, at others framing
tbo wrist—at all times an accessory of
Diaphanous cloths are to be more ex>
tens',vcly used than ever before. Over a
silk foundation they appear to best advantage. Organdies, batistes and mulls
are the leading fabrics. Kxamplos of the
fnriver ure most entrancing ]'ale lined
backgrounds are generously sprinkled
with detached sprays of flowers, nr else
wreaths and nosegays vie with each other
in exqnislto effectiveness. Among the
novelties in batiste, which is woven in an
many grades as there are designs for decoration, is that embroidered in gold
Dolly Varden mulls revive old memories as well as stylo of loUf) ago. They are
brocaded in blurred blossoms with a
happy commingling of faint hues, and
are provided with a ribbon mate to further enhance their beauty,
Princess slips nf colored dimity, to be
worn beneath delicately tinted organdies,
are fetching garments destined to be popular witti the bud.
Color is rampant—vivid and harmonious though the associations be. Yellow
In a variety of shades. Mazarine blue, violet and its kindred tints ard the fascinating colors of tho season, Blnok and
white in combination is considered the
acme ol perfection. "Black imports character declares Yirot. No color scbemo
for gown or ohapeau conforms to the artistic idea without thc introduction of
this primary color in its composition.
A I tetter Time Cuming,
The olden-time system of apprenticeships will probably never be revived in
this country. The system bad its advantages in tbe way of forming principles
and life habits of value for all learners,
ami was the means of educating a larger
proportion of good workmen than is dono
nowadays. Young men now want to get
along too fast, and as a consequence,
nearly every branch of the business is
filled with botches' and "blacksmiths,"
who are nuisances to all thoy eoine into
contact with. There are but few good all-
around printers to be found in tho print
ing offices to-day. These pose either as
"compositors. " "jobbers," or •'pressmen,' and but a small proportion have
any claim to cxportness even in their
branch of the trade. There are very few
men now to be found who are competent
to act as general foremen in moderate-
si/eu) printing offioos. This wns certainly
not tho case half a century ago, when all
served long apprenticeships.—John k.
Tulle on Hats,
Tulle is sd jaunty and dainty on a summer hat that many women will be tempted to use this delicate material for rosettes and loops aud to cover tho ribbons
used on the hat with it. Unless 000 Is fortunate enough to possess two or more
hats this trimming will be a shortlived
beauty, for the least bit of dampness will
lake all the newness out of ii. Great
quantities of lilac and puprle tulle are
used, with violets and pansles; white
tulle with black dots Is scon on hats
which aro heavy with lavender orchids.
Purple hats, clouded in tulle of the same
shade, with purple (lowers (Mistered at
the back, arc dreams of loveliness, thnso
all In delicate lilac are equally handsome,
and many aro as low as $16.
Although tulle has supplanted, In a
measure, gauze and ohifTon iu fashion's
fancy, it is almost too delicate for general
wear and too expensive to be useful.
Quality  and   Kind of   Grass   Heed  to  Sow
Per Acre.
Practice on this subject varies so widely
that we have doomed it Important to obtain the views of numerous successful
farmers and professors of agrlonlturo, In
tho replies summarized below, the weight
of redtop Is for cleaned seed, free from
chair, unless otherwise stated. If red top
is sown in tho chart, at least twice tho
quantity stated should be used. The common and scientific names of tiio grasses
mentioned below fire as follows, thn figures after each being the average weight
of a bushel of cleaned seed:
Timothy, Phloum'pratense, 15
Redtop, Agrostls vulgaris, 1*3
Rhode Island bent, Agrostis eanina, U
Alslke olovor, Tri folium bybrldutn oo
Hod clover, Trifolium pratenso, HO
White clover, Trifolium repons, B5
Perennial clover. Trifolium perenne, <U
Fowl meadow grass, Poo scroti no-. 18
June grass, Pou pratonsis, 18
Wood meadow grass, Poa mem oralis, 15
Rough-stalked meadow grass, Poi triv-
ialis. 15
Orchard grass, Dnotylis glome rata, 19
Tall  oat  grass, Arrhenatherum nvona-
ceum, 7
Meadow foxtail. Alopeourus pr; ■ en sis, 5
Hard fescue, Postuou dtiriuseula 10
Tall fesoue, Efestuoa elatlor, 14
Meadow fescue, Festuca pratensls, 14
Italian rye grass, I.olium Itallnum, 15
Perennial rye grass, Lollum per en no, ^18
Yellow oat grass, Avetia flavescens,       ' fl
A Good Lawn nud Mow to Get It.
, There is nothing that adds more to the
appearance of a country place than a fine,
well-kept lawn, and not only this, but it
Increases the money value as well, 'ibis
will be proven when ono tries to sell i\
farm which has not been beautified by
the addition of a good lawn and well-selected trees. Says Downing:" It may seora
a heavy tax to some, yet no expenditure
In ornamental gardening is, to our mind,
productive of bo much beauty as that, incurred In producing a well-kept lawn.
Without this feature no place, however
great its architectural beauties, its
iharms of scenery, or its collections of
(lowers and shrubs, can be said to deserve
consideration in point of landscape gardening; while with it the humble cottage grounds will possess n charm which
is among pleasure grounds what a
refined au graceful manner is in society
—a universal passport to admiration.'*
In fact, trees and grass ore the principal
features which give grace and beauty to
the landscape; but they must have the
proper care and attention in order to
bring about tho desired result. Downing
says the essentials or a good lawn are
deep soil, proper kinds of grass, and frequent mowings: but for this climato I
would add a fourth—plenty of water.
The average American summer is not so
well adapted to the production of a fine
lawn as is the moist and humid atmosphere of Great Britain, There, not so
muoh attention need be Riven to tho richness of thi' soil, as the moisture takes its
place in a measure. But in this oountry
tho soil should be deep ami rich, with
subsoil capable of retaining moisture,
but not in excess." If tho subsoil Is bard
ami tenacious, it s.muld be well Under*
drained and trenched, or sttbsoilcd to a
depth of i*> or lh inches, so as to form a
re-tcrvolr of moisture, to support the
plants during our hot, dry summers.
Subsoil I tig is not given tbe attention in
this country that the conditions demand.
.Many people think that :f the surface soil
is in good condition it is all that Is necessary. A deep soil is one of tbe essentials
for a good lawn. By a good lawn is
meant one that will remain green during
the entire summer and autumn.
Too much attention cannot be given to
the preparation of tbe soil before the sead
is sown. It should bo plowed ami re-
plowed, cultivated, harrowed and rolled
until the whole is thoroughly pulverised
and mixed to a depth of 1') Inches. This
work should be done in the fall, and tlutn
left to settle all winter beforo the seed is
sown. This gives a solid foundation uti
which to build, and will prevent ltitlo
knolls and hollows, which Interfere with
the proper working of the lawn mower
There are hut two kinds of grasses fnr
lawns tlmt are really worthy ol consideration for this climate. These aro Kentucky bluegrass and redtop. There are »
few others, such as HhodO Island bent
grass and brown bent grass, which may
be used, but they aro more expensive,
and in no way BO porl or. A little Sweet
Vernal grass or white clover will do no
harm, but neither is essential. The
coarser grasses, such as timothy, orchard grass, or meadow fescue, should
never be sown on a lawn. They are .shortlived and too coarse and stiff lomnkf*)
soft, velvety carpet. Many high-priced
lawn mixtures, if analyzed, will be found
to consist mainly of blue grass ft lid r-'U-
top, which may be bought In the market
tOE $1.60 to $d,6J per bushel. To soad
properly, it will require from two to throe
bushels per acre, depending somewhat
upon the amount of chaff mixed with the
seed. This should be sown as early in the
spring as possible, so that tbo young
plants will be strong enough to withstand thi- hot, dry weather of midsummer. Home recommend sowing eats with
the Seed as a protection to the young
grass plants, but I have never found Cat
a strong, gross-feeding plant like the eat
would furnish protection to a dellotttflb
slow-growing one.    Instead, it will rob it
of its nourishment, aud much time will
be lost in securing tea desired result*
Kedtop germ (not ob much quicker tlmn
blue gross, and will furnish ail tbe protection noeessary, besides covering the
surface with a green coat almost as
quickly as the oats. Alter the blue grass
becomes well rooted, it will need no further protection, and will assume entiro
control in a very short time.
Tho third essential is early and fro-
quont mowing. If tho grass is allowed to
got too largo before being cut, the Stubble will Ijh loo stiff, nud that soft, velvety
appearance, which is so attractive, wilt
not be obtained. As soon as the grass Is
tall enough for tho mower to catch It, is
the time to begin. A few annual weeds
which may appear during tho hummer
wili do no harm, as frequent mowing
will prevent their goin^' to soul; but such
perennials -ns docks, dandelions, plantains, etc., should be dug up as soon as
they appear. If there is plenty of water
always at command, loss attention need
be given to fertilization: but early every
spring It will ho well to topdress tbe
lawn with unleached ashes and bono meal
or superphosphate. Forty ur lilty hushols
of tho former and three or four hundred
pounds of the latter per acre will keep the
grass in a healthy, thriving condition.
IJarnyard manure is too unsightly, and
should tint bo used except In localities
where snow covers the ground oil winter;
then It should bo rnked off us early in tbe
spring as possible. Hy following the
above suggestions, as good lawns can be
Iiml in this country as those In Kngland;
lawns which will last a lifetime, and ore
a continual source of pleasure to all whe
come ln contact with them.
Bull-liiie-i Tliat  Rest on   Steel   Hulls Sway
With the EartU—Suooessful Experiments
lit Tolciu.
The earthquake lias at Inst been ovgr-
oome. FroC, John Milne, of tho Imperial
Collei-o of Engineering at Tokio, has
Holvod tho problem that for ovor ;),000
years has boon .itudiotl by the aljlost scientists in all parts uf tho world.
His plan for tho abolition of destruction
by shocks and ruptures of the earth is
striking and comparatively simple, but
its chief beauty lies in its demonstrated
practicability, it has been tried several
times, and ou each occasion proved all of
the inventor's assertions.
In substance, il is the construction of
buildings upon huge ball bearings. The
foundations rest on immense iron shot,
so that when an earthquake occurs the
whole building rolls with tbo movement
of the earth, as though It were placed
upon tho ball bearing of a bicycle.
Prof. Milne is the greatest earthquake
authority on tbo globe. Ho has devoted
his life to the study of earthquakes, and
lias tnvonlod niuehlues which show just
how the earth moves at. such times, and
i its edict on all sorts of structures. According to Prof. Milne, it makes a great
difference as to how the structures are
built, and he says that for hundreds of
years t,ie Japanese have been trying to
devise a stylo of building that would uot
rip apart with the vibration and rollings
of the earth.
About fifty years ago, after dozens of
experiments, a famous Japanese builder
became convinced that the secret of pro-
taction did not lie in the construction of
the buildings themselves,but in the foundations, i'pon this theory he sot to work
and erected an immense bmaboo structure, with its foundations of wooded
beams, lasting upon long iron rollers At
tho first rumbling of an earthquake, after
its erection, many of tho most prominent
men of 'l'oklo gathered around the building to watch tbe effect. For a few minutes it was marvelous, The whole structure rose and foil with tlm undulating
earth and swayed from side to side at angles of many degrees. lint it was only
for a short time, and while the quake
continued in one direction. As soon as
tho trembling swerved to a different direction the building collapsed, for the
rollers could only move in one direction,
from side to side. When the motion of
the earth was from north to south they
were wholly useless.
Tho experiment had demonstrated,
however, that the tumble destruction
from earthquakes could at leas* bo
ohookotl, and, encouraged by tho action of
tho Toilers, tho work of experimenting
wus continued,
Tho noxl slop was to equip a building
with two sots of rollers, one above the
other, and placo.l at right angles. This
was somewhat moro successful, as it sustained the building for a longer time, but
was far from guaranteeing safety to tho
.Many r.ew features wero added from
time to lim.', but iu tho end ali proved
useless from tho "tie cause, that the earth
vibrated from so many directions at once.
At last the experiments were ghon up.
nnd i be work which hail been watched
with interest by scientists all over the
oountry abandoned.
Prof, Milne was one of those experimenters, but he did not give up the movable foundation theory. At tho same
time he wa. as muoh at a loss to solve the
problem as his colleagues.
One day about two yours ago. while
tatting apart, a bicycle, his eye became
riveted upon tho ball hearings at the
axles, and almost instantly the secret became clear to him. Dropping everything
else, ho began tho construction of a foundation upon tho ball theory.
From the sides of the house ha dropped
four foundation walls, which were
grooved out at the base antl rested on
rows of iron shot. These in turn rested
In grooves, running In all directions, so
that thu house could -novo up and down
or to anil fro In unity with the earth's
movements with perfect ease.
The experiment proved successful, The
structure swayed terribly, but did not
I'pon this secret nf the problem Prof.
Milne has worked continuously, and is
adding numerous Improvements. Quite
a number of buildings have already been
built In Tokio and other cities of Japan
after this idea, and although they have
been shaken by earthquakes several times
not ono has [alien.
He has now devised a new style of
building and foundation, which rests on
bulls, lint eclipses any of his former Ingenious inventions. Instead oi being constructed of bamboo the building itself Is
built of wood and iron, lightly but
strongly riveted together, so as to make
the whole thing really one placo.
ilo claims that tho building could be
lifted in its entirety, and not one piece
would fall apart Tho foundations, In-
■tend of being long walls, are four
Wrought Iron posts, one under each corner
of the building They are supported an I
connected tot*'ther by light trim arches,
running from one to the other. I'pon
these pillars and arohos the building
rests, while tho large upon space between
them tthe exact urea of the building)
servos as a cellar. The base of each of the
pillars is grooved nut und rest, on an immense steel ball. Between this bail and
the base of the posts are Inserted a nun..
ber of small shot or really a full set of
bull bearings, which are cased In, after
tho pattern on a bicycle.
My this arrangement the building can
move quickly ai.d Ilchtly. The smaller
twills are sensitive to shock, and move
readily before lho larger balls not into
motion The four largo shot rest upon a
perfectly smooth lloor of cement, and can
roll in any direction without Interruption, for their movements In this plan uro
not con lined tu grooves.
About, il feet from either side of the
pillars are stone walls which hold the
rolling of the building to within that
space This gives ample play to the sway-
ings In any direction, without allowing
the building to topjilo too far over. The
only possibility by which tbo building
could collapse during un earthquake
would be tiie rending opott of u great
seam in the earth directly between thu
pillars. In that event they would he
forced apart and tear the buildings from
its foundations.
This, however, seldom occurs, for, although the damage done by earthquakes
in both Japan and .South America Is ler-
rlble, there are but comparatively few
records of the earlh actually opening up
ami swallowing buildings during tho
last, half a century. All thro-mli the
earlier history of Japan are records of
whole villages being swallowed up with
their Inhabitants, and a list prepared by
■olentlsts and historians (or the Imperial
Library at Tokio shows that two centuries ago almost that whole city was destroyed and 200,000 people killed. The
list also shows that at various times since
then mountains have fallen and lakes
taken their places.
Tho last great earthquake of which
there Is n record, tho earth really opening
sufficiently to swallow a large building,
was in 1855 at Tokio. Kighty separate
shocks were felt within a month, und
101,000 people perished. Fourteen thousand houses wore demolished, and in
some cases actually buried.
This is tho last cue when tho ground
opened to any alarming extent. The present day ones are vory destructive, but
from vibration only. Thoy will shake
down whole districts of houses without
the earth opening more than a few feet at
any one place. A typical earthquake of
this nature occurred near Na>*aga, Japan,
just, four yoars ago. The ground undulated to such a degree that groat factories
were thrown to tho ground and thousands
of dwellings went down. The railroad
was wrecked, and some of the most, famous potteries of tbe country destroyed.
Over 300 Buddhist temples were reduced
to ruins, and almost ns many more by
It was estimated that 850,000 peoplo
were rendered homeless and about 5,000
killed by debris falling on thom. Thousands wero cut and injured by tiyiug
fragments of buildings, yet there is un
record of more than 100 actually perishing by a rent iu the earth.
Naturally, in au earthquake like the
ono of 1855, Prof. Milno's buildings
would be of little value, but scientists
claim that those of that nature are passing away.
Although his buildings can not full,
there is nothing to prevent the occupants
being killed by dying furniture, and,
realizing this, he has invented what ho
calls an 'earthquake table." It is a
huge table of steel lifted on heavy ballbearing legs. Tho Idea is to keep ono in
each room of the house, where it call be
used the same as an ordinary table, until
an earthquake comes. It is then quickly
pushed in a corner and the occupants of
the room crawl beneath it. Under the ton
are iron rings whioh tho person holds to
prevent the table from rolling with the
movement of the tloor. There are also
steel sides, on hinges, which can bo lowered at a moment's notice, and when
these are down   the  occupant is virtually
I-1.\N  o
in a portable steel .-ale or case. Xo flying
furniture can touch him or demolish tho
table, nnd as long as the building stanu's
he is safe from injury. In the event of
Qndlug himself in a dangerous corner ho
can move the table to any pnrt of the
room by means of tho iron rings.
ln the new buildings it is not propose.1
to have tne furniture fastened to the
lloor, but look for protection to the table.
Those who have been in earth quake
countries longest, fear the calamities the
most, for they appreciate an earthquake's
terrible possibilities more than can he described These older inhabitants, who
have experienced many of them, long ago
began the custom of having Immense
coats made, and hanging them to the
head of their beds ready for instant use.
They kept the pockets stuffed with provisions anil their valuables. Upon this
Idea Prof. Milne has what he terms an
"earthquake .'nut.'' It reaches from tbo
beau to thu feet, and is mado of the heaviest cioth procurable. It is really two
coats, one over the other. Tho space between thu two is heavily padded, and a
hood with I inches of padding iu the
crown goes with it. Instead of buttons
there aie clasps on thocoat,so that it may
be fastened on In a second's time, Un
each side there are ton pockets of various
shapes and sizes, for the currying of pro*
vislons Kach pocket is arranged for cor
tain articles, and altogether they will
hold enough provisions for several days.
The coat ts designed for use as a last
resort oniy It i.s to bo kept iu a convenient place near the bed. and upon Indlcn*
tions of the building's collapse Is to be
hurriedly donned. The padding is of
sufficient thickness to render protection
from falling objects while the wearer is
making his uacnpe,
Had  these    its   been   in   use  iu   the
earthquake of three yoars ago mentioned,
there wuuld havo boon no records of per-
sons starving to death upon tho outskirts of the city, where they had rushed
to escape ihe filling buildings.
In addition to these Inventions Prof
Milne has devised an eartleiaiake lamp,
which will go out at the lirst trembling
of the earth, iie bus also many oilier invent Ions for tho prevention of destruction
and loss of life by earthquakes, that will
probably revolutionize the mode ot living
In all the earthquake countries.
Typewriters iu l-iti-li.intent.
Miss May 11. Ash worth is at the head
of a typewriting department introduced
May, 1800, for the benefit of the members of the Knglish House of Commons,
She bus a stall of llvu young women, who
aro proficient typewiters and stenographers, gome of them are also export linguists. The nuturo of the work required
is thus described by Miss Ashworth:
"There ure many occasions when u member of parliament wants some letters, or
a speech, or a nute to his constituents
typewritten, and, when he does, wo are
at his sorvico. He may also have a foreign
letter, written in a language with which
ho la not conversant; again we are at his
service. Or he may bu in a grout hurry,
and have sevoral letters to write; so he
sends lor one of my staff, dletatos them
to her. und thoy are written down us
quickly as he speaks." Tho employment
of women In the British House of Commons ts an Innovation that attracts much
attention. Ono day, after tho head clerk
had written dictated letters for un old
member, he rushed out of the room,
seized the arm of a friend, und, dragging
him In, cried excitedly: "Just think of
It! This young lady has written ton letters for me in live minutes. It's marvelous! -simply marvelous I" — Loudou
A C.it-1   Who Puzzles   London   Doctors by
Her Curious Faculties,
At last week's meeting of the Clinical
society, a distinguished suburban prao*
Mtionar, whose mime is withheld, in order not to ufford any clue to the Identity
of the patient, showed a girl, 1-J years ol
uge, wiio exhibited lu the most complete
and indubitable furm tiie condition known
as "dual existence,'' or "double con*
Last year, after a severe illness, which
was diagnosed to be meningitis, she became subject tu temporary attacks uf im-
oonsalousness, on awakening from which
she appeared in an entirely different character. In her normal condition she could
read and write and speak lIueiitl.T aud
with comparative correctness, ln the altered mental condition following the
attack she loses all niemury of ordinary
events though she can recall things that
have taken place during previous attacks.
So complete is this alteration of memory
that at llsrt sho was unable to remember
even her own name, or to identify herself
or her parents. By patient training in
the abnormal condition she had been enabled to give things their names, though
she still preserves a baby Cushion of pronouncing.
She sometimes remains in the abnormal condition for days together, und
the change to her reel self takes place
suddenly, without exciting surprise or
dismay, and she forthwith resumes possession of her memory for the events of
her ordinary lite, to tho exclusion of
those which have transpired during the
abnormal state. During the last mouth
or so she appears to have entered on u
new phase, for, after a mental blank of a
fortnight's duration, she awakened completely oblivious of all that had happened
since June, 1895, und she alludes to
events that took place just antorltr. to
that- date us though they were of quite
recent occurrence; In fact, sho is living
mentally in July. 18115.
These cusos, though rare, are, of
course, not infrequently mot with, and
they have been carefully studied, especially in Franco, whore women appear
more prone to neurotic manifestations.
The hypothesis that most, finds favor is
that, the two halves of the brain de not
work in unison, in other words, that
there has been seme interference with tho
connections whioh, in the ordinary normal being, make of a wonderfully composite organ like the brain one organic
whole. Sometimes one port of tho brain,
and sometimes the other, takes posses*
slon of tho field of psychical activity,and.
us each part works to Lhe exclusion of the
other, wo got the Dr. Jekyll and Mr
Hyde transformations.—London Medical
A Slave Made a Ulsbian.
American travelers ln Kngland, as a
rule, make a pilgrimage to rhe ancient
cathedral of Canterbury, which Is filled
with assuolatlous of moment to the historian and the Christian Hero the oru*
sideri kept vigil before departing to the
Holy Lund. ' Here Beoket wa*: murdered.
The stone stops arc still worn in deep hoi
lews by the knees of countless pilgrims
in past centuries. Every stately pillar
and carved -tone has it* record of dim,
far-off days in Knglish history. Oue
scene, however, whioh was witnessed iu
this great minster, is more significant to
Americans, vexed as they are with their
race problems, then any murder or enroll, itlon.
Here, before tho high altar,with all the
solemn splendor of tho ceremonial of
the English Church, a poor freed Slav-,
with u ..kin as black as coal, was cotise-
crated the lirst bishop of tho Niger.
Adjai, a Yoruba boy of twelve, was
taken prisoner with his mother by tho
Koulah tribe, nud sold to Portuguese
slave-traders His mother was left ln
Africa. An Knglish man-of-war ran
down tiio slave-ship, and brought out
from tho hold the wretched prisoners
frantic with terror at the white skins and
blue eyes of their rescuers. They mistook
the cannon-bulls ou dock for skulls, and
the carcass of a hog in the cook's tubln
for a human body, anil tried to escape
from lhe supposed cannibals by jumping
into the sea.
The boy, Adjai, was sent to the mission school ut Sierr.a Leone. There he
was taught the Christian faith, and
trained to bo a carpenter. He was Imp-
Used under the inline of t-j.-imuel Crow*.
ther, hut kept, too, his own uuiiie Adjai.
saying proudly:—
"I am Chrtsltan, Hut I am always
bluoK and Yum ha."
He proved to be so faithful and practical, both as Christian and negro, that i:e
was sent to Kngland to make known thp
oondltiou and wants of his people. Large
sums wero given him, which he used
with much sagacity for his ruoe. The
Queen sent Bibles, Pr lice Albert a steel
corn-mill and ether farming implements
which Adjul taught his people how to
On his second visit, ho was made
bishop. Ho returned to bis awn tribe,
and after long search found his mother,
lie took her to his home aud she became
a devout servant of Christ, and lived to a
great age. But she persisted in wearing
always the decent Yoruba costume, anil
In speaking that language, answering
all arguments by saying: —
i am negro. Jesus will know me in
my own sklu and In my blanket."
No man ;n Africa served tho Master
more faithfully than Bishop Adjai Crow
ther The thoughtful reader in Ihe story
of his life can Iiml a meaning which,
rightly used, will uplift his awn.
Fl»li Hatched t>v tions]
The hens of China lead busy lives.
When not engaged in hatching oul u
brood of their own kind they nre put to
the additional and novel task of hatching
llsh eggs. Chinese cheap labor collects
tho spawn of llsh from tho water's edge,
places It in uu empty eggeholl, which is
then hermetically sealed with wax. and
placus It under the unsuspecting sitting
After some days the eggshell Is removed and carefully broken, and the
spawn, which has been warmed Into life,
is emptied into a shallow pool well
warmed by the sun. Here tho minnows
tiiat soon develop are nursed until strung
enough to be turned into a lake or stream.
— Philadelphia Kocord.
Personally Responsible.
The harvest may seem a long way off.
Wilt it will most assuredly come, with its
burning realities and tremendous consequences. There has always been seedtime and harvest, summer, and winter,
since tho world began. Su Is It in human
life. As summer follows spring, and au-
tuinn follows summer, and dreary win-
tor comes r,t last,oven so will It be with all
who neglected Cod's overtures of mercy
in Christ. With them tho harvest will
soon bo past and the  summer ended, and
their condition will bo eternally hopeless.
'Ho that. obsorvoth the wind shall not
sow, ami hu that regnrdeth the clouds
shall not read." F.very man is personally
responsible for his sowing and roaplug.
Pasture Grasses,
For permanent pasture it is necessary
to use such trusses aa lorm \\ close, com
I'.T-t- sod ami which- at tho same time, are
perennial and not easily killed hy tramping. Of course, the nature of the soil has
to im taken into consideration. However,
a permanent pasture of bluegrass ami
white clover may ho made on almost any
kind of land, and they are especially well
adapted to upland soils, Where it is desired to convert low-lying rugged lands
into permanent pastures, alsiko clowr
and redtop may prolitauly he used with
the bluegrass and white clover, tn such
oases It Is advisable to sow only a few
pounds of the mixture to the aero and allow tho .-end to mature ;wid remain to re-
seed tho land. Prof. Shaw of tlm Minnesota Station, tn his book on "Grasses,"
gives a mixture which he claims will he
found approximately suited to avorago
conditions in states easS of Michigan. Ir-
ts made up as follows: Orchard gra.ss
four pounds, meadow fosauo three
pounds, tall oat grass two pounds, thn
othy two pounds, meadow foxtail two
pounds, lucerne five pounds, alstlte chivr
throe pounds, white nlovar two pounds,
yellow clover ono pound, making a mixture of -XI pounds—enough for flooding an
acri'. On a very moist subsoil, lucerne
should bo omitted, and tiie quantities of
alstke and white clovor correspondingly
Inoreased Orchard grass, out gross and
the foxtail havo hardly been tried suftT-
ciently to establish thoir worth, ami
three or four pounds of hluograss could
perhaps be profitably substituted.
A Milking Device.
Tt--' air is swarming with dies, bririg-
i g .-• return of the vexations with which
■lUfcsrs aro al! so familiar. The plan
a «cii nor. mean that one has to hitch the
c 'v hy the vail to hold her while ho
nr Us. The device is dosignod to ho used
in tho stables fo keep the cow's tail out of
the pail  ami  out of the  milker's  face,
^i   .X
1   i
which is usually tho soooud placo she
wishes to pur it. It ia made of a small
piece of hickory, with a long, deep notch
sawed ti) one end. A clinched nail or
screw keens it from splitting further.
The loiifl hair or brush of thn tail is
slipped between tho prongs, and tho ring
Is slipped over the ends, thus securely
fastening it. The ring is fastened to
some part of thn stick with a string long
enough to permit Its being put in place
readily. Strapped in tiie upper end of
the-tick is a snap into which Is slipped
another ring at the ond of a small rope
attached to the wall behind tiie cow.
When the milking is finished, with one
hand slip thu lower ring off the prongs
and the whole will drop bnok ngainst tho
side of the stable, and the tail be tree.
Small ropes, with rings at the end. are
fastened along the bnok of the. stable
midway between two cows, ono "answer
ing for both. The fast oner is nnsnapped
and moved Irom ring to ring as needed.
Chis 1« valuable not only as an aid in
fly-time, but as a causa of additional
olonnliuess, whioh at some reasons is tho
greater benefit
Prolltubla < <>..■>.
It is a fact, not appreciated by all, that
a great many cows maintained in the
dairies throughout the country are of
such inferior character that thoy do nut
pay for thoir kcop, and a correspondent
of the Country Uentlemnn, in referring
to this fact, takes some pains to presenI
it iu BUch words that people will understand it : and so he goes on to say that If
these inferior cows constitute bnt la per
eent. of tho total nuns ler nf dairy cows,
it requiring t hreo acres to maintain a cow
their presence is tantamount to a less of
six acres to each 30 cows kept in a dairy.
There is no French or Italian or other
incomprehensible tongue or "foreign accent ' about tiiis Htntetment. Un the eon
trary, It is the plain Knglish of it, and
evuryh i ly ought lo be ablo to understand
it. Would there bo anything lost if tha*a
cows vera sold to the butcher ond tbeao
six acres of ground "turned out" to grow
up in weeds:' Certainly not; and tht*
farmer WOUld hu ahead .just the labor he
bostows upon the nix acres and tho care
ot tho rows. Indeed, he won! 1 bo better
off to tho same extent, with rnxus besides,
if he wero to sell tho cows and give away
the bind. Hut tiie fanner is, fortunately,
under no necessity either of permitting
the land to grow up in Weeds or of giving
it away. He can devote tt to Rome other
useful purpose In the way of raisin:
crops, or he can procure better oowi and
devote it to their maintenance.
And when tin-character of Other Stock
comes to be examined, and lhe result! expressed in plain ECngllsn, U will be found
that thero are othei animals beside*? dairy
co wn which barely pay fur their keep,
that there are lots of cattle calculated tor
beef, aud a good many mores, md Bbeop,
and awlne maintained upon the Forms
which give no adequate returns for tholr
keep, and that their maintenance menus
a great many acres, perhaps In mine cases
as much as one quarter of ths t irm, put
to no profitable use md yielding not n
dollar of return. There Is nothing like
getting these things into plain Inuguage
so one can understand Just what Is
meant. Hut if one does nos understand
them nt first n little study and relle tion
will dIsolose the real meaning And
nothing can he plainer than thnt an un*
profitable animal ou the farm means the
use of so many acres and so much labor
thrown away; that tha substitution of
hotter animals wont i brtng proilt from
the land and compensation for the labor
put upon it.
A Term for Wast.- Burdcet.
According to Hot ten's Slang Dtoiton-
ary, the word 'Balaam" is printers'
shine lor matter kept In typo a unit monstrous productions of nature, etc.. to lill
up spaces in newspapers that would bo
otherwise vacant. The terra balaam-box
has long been used In HI ickwood as tho
name of the depository for rejected articles, Kvidoutly from Numbers xxil., 80,
and denoting the ' speech of an ass," or
uny story difficult of deglutition not contained in scripture. Hotten's book was
issued in 1800, and this term, which was
undoubtedly in common use then, bus
since vanished.
A riiiv
Ago Doctor Invents a Now
Any ono who bus ovor taken a needle
bath knows its value as a tonic for the
skin. A Chicago physician has recently
applied tiie samo principle to the treatment of the stomach,
"Laundering thu stomach" has been
practised for many years both here and
abroad. The ' needle bath" is in reality
similar to "laundering,1 Tiie apparatus
required for the bathing operation was recently described hy Or. b\ li. Turck in
the Medical News.
It. consists if two large glass bottles
with closely fitting corks. The corks are J
pierced by two glass tubes, one of whi-jh
reaches the bottom tbe same as the tube
In a syphou ot viohy. A rubber tube of
sail a Ida length Is attached to each of
these glass tubes, and is provided with a
shnt'Olf clamp so that the operator can
use either hot, cold or tepid water at will.
A V-shaped glass tube conneots the
two extremities of the rubber tunes. Tn
tho remaining ond   cf   the   glass  tube is
How They Were Hade Sixty Ve
t)l E I'.V I'll.
attached a long,soft robber stomach tube,
its ends minutely perforated To the
other V-shaped glass tube a rubber bulb
(similar to an atomizer bulbt Is attached.
In order to till the bottle tne long tube
h connected with h it or oold water us de-
sired. When the bottles are bnlf full they
are ready for use. Tha force of tbe stream
from tha bottles Is regulated by pumping
air into them by the rubber bulb,
The stomachs of those who suffer from
chronic gastritis are, as a rule, more or
less filled with niUCUS, Which prevents
Hie proper secretion of the gastric juice.
Consequently Indigestion, with i great
variety of symptoms, Is the natural re-
suit. Hy tho use of this instrument uia
stomach i- entirely freed from mucus and
partially digested food.
The alternating stream of hot and cold
water, together with the forceful Impact
of numeraus needle like jots against the
lining membrane of the stomach, net as
a p iwerful stimulant.
The foreign substanoa being removed
and tbe secreting glands stimulated, the
stomach is in a condition to receive and
properly digest a meal whioh would cause
untold agony if the mucus and other debris were left in the organ.
Industrial tl.'li.'f iVi»r!s In Armenia.
The Industrial Bureau has proved itself
a double blessing to the cotnmunltv by
furnishing honest labor *n hundreds oi
families—a happy exchange for fit her
free bread or starvation-—and at the same
time \r has provided us with a rich supply of the very kinds of materials needed
to clothe the hordes of village refugees.
As the generosity nf tho peof le ot England ind America permitted us we gradually increased tho number of workers
from four hundred and seventy-six reported in October( to over one thousand
at the present time. Of these seventy per
cent are women occupied in spinning cotton and wool, twenty percent, are weaT-
ets—men and women — ol cotton and
woolen materials, and the remaining ten
per cent, are em ployed as overseers, sixers, carders, sptndle-iiUers, knitters and
Bowers of clothing and bedding, while
some twenty men are employed as door
keepers, examiners and clerks With tho
exception of three men, who act as accountants nnd head elerks, every person
In the employ of tbe Indus: rial bureau is
thereby relieved of actual hunger end
RUtl • tig These three men are w '!
known .\nd respected nur. honts, who, In
tho total cessation of business, have hoen
able to take up th** war!:. A salary of $7
a month i\ ■ Turkish pounds' is gh -n,
no-' In coinpon.-ation of service, nil as a
ret dncr on the part of the management
—i hey being to serve their own pe ipie in
this capacity The dally p iy roll averaged
over two hundred last week, while one
out Ired nnd forty six employed ns onrd
ors sitters, spindle •tiller'., dooi keepers,
Btc, were p.iid their Weekly wages last
Saturday, as against twonty-Beveii shown
In the Oct Miter report, As the cold
weather has come on, we have been
obliged in many cases to supplome;
-■ un wages by gifts of money tc
fuel, or of clothing nnd bedding, A
a ids a great way lure, and eighty oe
Turkish Hegldlft, or about lour
iingsj. will buy fuel fir a family te
or three months      in some  cases we havo
doubled the rate nf wages to euaule the
family to live by their own labor, and
In home other cases we have helped them
hy giving an allowance of bread 11 addition Tn theii wages, Thus, taking ev.-ry
case on its own merits, we endeavor to
insure thn bare nesesslties of llfo to each
of our workers. The danger of impost
tion necessitates keeping n corps of work*
ers busy examining Into cases, since we
believe no one's story until our own
agents have verified It. No one can tell
What a boon this work is tj these poor
people, and thoy do not fail to give fro
quent and enthusiastic acknowledgment
oi it — Krom ■ An American Heroine iu
the Heart of Armenia," by Dr. iJrace
Kimball, ln the April Review of Reviews.
it the
tits ;a
r two
On : in- Bai gain Oountor.
"Vou say,   then, that this  material Is
tho latest fashion"
"The very latest, madam."
"But will It fade In the sun?"
"Why, it lias beon lying in the Window
for two years,   and   look how  well it has
stood '.
Bntmiifiil to t»«> Another.
Mrs Hlckcrs (with a doleful shake of
te head)—'You are nut tho mau t mar-
Mr. bickers (with renewed animation)
— I'm glad to hear it. I'll go and marry
the pretty Miss KitUsh right away.
nr** Ago.
To make a satisfactory purchase of a
pair of rubber shoes, sixty ur more yearn
ago. was an undertaking requiring tho
accredited keenness of a "Phllladelphla
Boston, Mass.. was then headquarters
nt the rubber tnul\ rhe largest importers
being found there, where, besides supplying the regular Wde, the commission
merchants hold rulyber auctions at stated
Notices sent Abroad secured a full at-
tendanoe of boot and shoe dealers of New
York. Philadelphia, Baltimore and all
around, for runners" wore not thought
of in those days of slow roaches.
Most of the rubber, and tbe best came
then, a- now. from Para, South America,
or along the Amazon River,whsra natives
procured ir. by tapping the trees, Cloy
and wooden lasts of various sizes were
dipped In the cream-like liquid, the coating being dried by u dense smoke exactly
as Is done to-day •
When the several dippings were over,
the sh i 's wae stamped un the toes iu
fancy designs, more or less elaborate,
taken o!T the last-, and stuffed tub of rice
hulls and hay j tho tops were then sowed
together with twine, or coarse thread
Two of about the same size wore tied
together, and these il! assorted pairs were
packed tn wooden boxes of all sizes mul
shapes, mostly sugar boxes, and shipped
to foreign ports.
A boot and shoe dealer receiving a box
would immediately consign it to the collar of ids Btoro, wnere, on being opened,
the stitches would ba cut, tho hulls and
grass emptied out, together with a few
scorpions and other live stuck sueh as
frequently took passage in the shoes.
The shoos were then turned wrong side
out and after a thorough washing inside
and out to free them of all adher!
and dirt, w -ro loft to dry.
Then followed the tedious process of
trimming and shaping them. Kach sole
was turned over a wooden last—the ono
that seemed to be about the right size, if
it was not sufficiently largo, another
would take its place, if too lorge, the
shoe was heated and by extra exertion
was often made to work down to the required capacity. Then with sharp scissors the edge was neatly trimmed and
after being sp»u-red with .Japan blaoking
tho shoe was ready for sale. Only about
enough for one or two days' sales were
made ready at one time, the boys working evenings preparing thom.
A customer desiring to purchase a pair
of No i's was shown a pair that were
stretched over that size of last. They may
have had originally, tho one a round toe.
tbe other a pointed roe, one may have
had n thin, tho other a thick top—hut so
long as they could bo made tu cover a
certain last thot fixed tho size If one of
them shrunk ou being removed from the
last, it was heated and put on again, and
possibly heated a trifle before trying it
over a customer's boot. It was a c unman
occurrence to havo a customer return
with a shoe, or a pair of thom, that drew
the feet so badly they proved worthless to
him or her. If the shoes had bean worn,
they were generally taken back in ex-
ohni g i for a less expensive pair, and on
being heated -ame, the indentations were
easily worked out, sj the pair was just
as good ns new.
Repairing and resoling rubbers was a
very nice operation, requiring great skill
and cleverness, The Shoe was again put
on a last, when the sole or part to lie
mended was shaved with a sharp knife
until it was nil fresh and adhesive, and
then a similarly prepared piece of rubber
was put over it. tiio fresh surfaces
pounded together and then trimmed
nearly around. The shoes being soft and
easily injured, had to bu frequently
They tire readily, stones and sticks
penetrated the soles, heat softouod them,
oold stiffened them, aud the sun discolored them; but notwithstanding all
that, every woman and child, and many
U man, was obliged tu wear them through
the muddy, slushy, and snowy seasons,
so the sales wero proportionately great.
Rubber overshoes sold at wholesale from
■-'."i cents a pair upward, retailing from 50
cents to il.Slii n pair, according to their
evenness ol toxturo. their shapeliness and
the elaborateness of their stamping; for
the latter was a puiul oi beaut? not to he
The dealer himself could not be sun; of
bis goods, and the purchaser oould only
be guided bv the dealer as he or sho
knew nothing of the oxtrn stretchings, or
of the mysteries of tho trade, usually parried un below stabs by the apprentices,
or boys, who wore early taught to Stretch
their consciences with their goods.
IUro and thero may occasionally be
found a man whose hand oven now bears
the marks of trimmings lone on "gums"
during tlte day* of his youth, hut there
nre comparatively few people living who
remember the old time rubber shoes,
with their stamped io.is —which were can-
ddered a valuable improvement over
wool s oks nnd Indian mocassins
Human Nature During a Panic.
Baltimore's terrible casualty was not a
lesson ; Il was au exhibit. 1: showed how
strong Ih animal Instinct In human nature
that hits not been trained by education of
b«th mind and uod*j The details of thc
catastrophe indicate thai most of those
who participated In the fatal panic were
people who had never learned >eli ■ >ntmi
or practised cool reasoning, They had nn
instinctive Idea t bar fire meant death t-»
nil In iii w n and when the cry wa» raised they si irted, as so many timid nufmals
would, to fly for safety, without waiting
to naccri tin whethei or nol they were in
danger II would be as idle to use this
incident i- n lesson to others who may be
in a theater when i cry ol tire is raised as
It would have been to try to irguc with
this panic-stricken < r iwd En Its wild
(Ugh! Any one who has mind enough at
such n time to look about him and .sue ,
where tho danger is, If there be any, has
wit euougll to avoid panic, but the fro-
queut occurrence of jnsl such incidents as
this shows whnl Lies under the superficial
stratum of modern education and Intel*
lectual development. — Philadelphia
Blessings for All,
"I suppose," said Mr, Hilltops, "that
in great measure we appreciate blessings
according aa they Mil tho real or fancied
requirements of our individual existence,
there aro many things that some of us
might not recognize as blessings at all
that, tn others might seem downright
boons. Tims I hoar Mrs. Hilltops saving
with cheerfulness, as she .surveys the
crumpled mass of things just taken in
from the lino, that It has beon a lovely
drying day.'
'Now, there was a feature of the day
that I had never even given a thought to,
but which to Mrs. BUI tops appears as a
bl osss In if to be grateful for. "—New York
Ban, uTMrjjmiijr.'i
Tiio Best Laid Plans o' Mice and
Men (J aim- Ai'r A "'ice.
Confusion Reigns Supreme in the Conservative Camp—Will "Super-
lie inl Politics" or Ntuiiii-
nio's Interests Bale?
A Lesson From Nanaimo for the
Benefit ofthe Republic.
Last Tuesday evening, to judge
by their dejection and consternation, life had few charms for our
local Tory friends. Upon Hie street
lit 1 lo groups were seen expressing
their lamentations and bewailing
the untimely ruin of their plans.
The Free Press darkened ils windows before the accustomed time,
and the erstwhile king-maker was
observed to hide his sorrow and
confusion in tiie welcome shades of
lint boneyard meditation belongs
to our local coptemporary by right
of long usage, and we prefer upon
this occasion to extend our sympathy rather than gloat over the dissension, disruption and failure that
have overtaken the faithful.
It wus, indeed, unkind of Mr.
Haggart to announce himself the
Conservative candidate, especially
at the time when the scheme was
maturing nicely for thrusting him
aside. And then to think that ail
those gushing editorials in praise of
Mr. Haslam and in derogation of
Mr. Haggart have failed to inspire
a reverence for Mr. Haslam ihat
none would question, and that possibly some of tho insinuations
against .Mr. Haggart will have to
be retracted, is enough to sour tie-
most courageous soul. But there is
a rift in the clouds—if not in the
party —and through il we can see a
sign of hope.
Let the convention assemble, ami
who can doubt but thai he who has
so "ably represented this district"
will triumph over all presumptious
candidates. Let him reiterate his
noble sentiment that he will stand
by the nominee of the convention
(and who would not stand by himself?), and Mr. Haggart will lie
forced into an ungenerous position,
which will alienate his support, or
he will reciprocate these kindly feelings and be slain by his friends. So
be not east down—there is still a
chance of success in the scheme.
The idea of a convention is so fair,
it must work. Hut we cannot repress
the awful thought: if the convention fails—if all fair means and intriguing devices fail to bring the
electors to recognize the "able representation" of Mr. Haslam and
secure his renomination, how awful
it will be to have to support a
"superficial politician" in preference to the interests of this city.
But let us nol anticipate. "Sutii-
cient unto the day is the evil thereof." Meantime—Hurrah for convention!
Tliat S-M) Prize.
Editor Mail: It is very amusing
to the observant puhlic to note with
what bad grace the immaculate (?)
editor of the Free Press has chosen
to conduct his paper for the sole
persecution of Mayor Davison. 1
allude to the controversy of the $50
prize, where the editor has discovered his mistake (intentional) in
attempting to turn the current of
popular sentiment in Mayor Davison'.- disfavor. Were he a man of
principle, he would have written an
ample apology for his disgraceful
and cowardly conduct instead of
endeavoring to meanly shoulder the
blame upon thecollectors. The public of Nanaimo have always shown
a fair spirit in dealing with matters
political, and I am much mistaken
if the dastardly attempt to injure
Mayor Davison wiil not recoil upon
tlie perpetrator. Wvi. i,
Are Vim l-'nnd of lee Cream V Well,
If you call ai Mi-Kt'iizie's Cumly Store,
Victoria Crescent, you can be nccouiino-
(Intel with almost any Bnvor, The
cream Ib delicious and up to the standard, which this house was Bowel! noted
for lust Bummer.
Look out, fur the Skmi-Wki-ki.v Mail
Highest Honors—World's Fair.
la what gives Hood's Sarsaparilla Its great
popularity, its constantly increasing
sales, and enables it to accomplish its
wonderful and unequalled cures. The
combination, proportion and process
used In preparing Hood's Sarsaparilla
are unknown to other medicines, and
make Hood's Sarsaparilla
Peculiar to Itself
It cures a wide range of diseases because
ol Its power as a blood purifier. It acta
directly and positively upon tbe blood,
and tho blood reaches every nook and
corner of the human system. Thus all
the nerves, muscles, bones and tissues
come under the beneficent Influence of
The sloop Boss, Capt. MeLeod, was
spoken in Huhu^h Sound April 26.
The Angling (. Inn will meet at the
Windsor House this evening at 8 o'clock.
A meeting of the Nanaimo Di-anmtin
and Operatic Society will take place on
Tuesiluy, .May 12,
Richard 11. Holmes has been elected
clerk of lho Wellington Council, vice
Robert Mercer, resigned.
At a meeting of the VV. C. T. U. Monday Miss Elford was appointed superin-1 Evincing  a Spirit That Should He
tendent of misBlonarvwork.ln Nanaimo. j        j.,,,,,,,,,,.,,  Wlth a pertinent
Application lur the dissolution of the)
Citizens' Building .Society  of Nanaimo Sll-Jgi-st ion to the MU-
will lie made to Judge Harrison June 8. nicitinl Council.
Mr. 10. lluti'liersiii, has been uhosen us i
the standiii'd-bc.irei' of the Conservatives 	
in Westininslcr, vice   .Mr. Atkinson, re-I
si8"ci1' !    Editor Mail:   When the Presi-
l'lrenicn   have   hem   warned  oil'   the. -     t    f   t,     tj   u   •   sti|||,s   a 8nor,
Hirst estate by a trespass notice posted .                   .   , .   ...    ,  .    , , ,.
on the  property and signed by C. N. time ago wrote his ill-advised letter
Westwood, receiver. on  the Venezuelan question, there
The examination for coal mine mana- was a widespread feeling of alarm
gere' certificates will   he held at  the old ,,,,,,„  ,1,,,   i,',,,,i; 1. ....j.;.,..   ,,.....1.1
,  , ,,. .       ,.     .,, over  tne   e-ngiiSll-Speatunf;   WOTlu,
court house  Luesday morning. Mav 12.        ,   . ,r ' .".
There are six candidates. ' il,u* *'lc question was raised in many
As a rcHultof the several performances minds what would be the result if: 	
t nml    .... ... i    ,.   i     v ,        ,. ,-.     ,       i i i The One True 11 cod I'm- Her.   $1; six for $5.
of "TheChimes of Normandy,' the Nn- iWo such nations  as   kngland and1
naiuiohospital received * 15U, which theuhe United Slates were drawn into
secretary thankfully acknowledges, , ....
We learn on reliable authority that all war over such a   trilling question,
the carpenters in this city have been arid .Many were afraid  that  lhe Presi-
still   are   prepared   to  do two-dollars' dent's   little   bluff   would    be  the
worth of work every day with neatness cau e of 8U.ft-nefl relntions between
and dispatch, ,. ,  .       ,    ,  , ,    , .
A party composed of .1. Kummel, 0. the two countries, but J am glad to
McDonald and CJuaJicnui Tom are re- say that everything goes  to  prove
ported to have discovered a rich deposit that such is not the ease.   The ma-
of gold and silver-beai'lngnmu'tz in good ,•,„.;,     ()f  Hl,,.   Majesty's   subjects
quantity in the vicinity ol  Horn   Lake, v      J      ., ■       ,    .*■..*, ,    .
From present indications, it appears have   nothing   but  kind words for
the political fight, in Vancouver will lie Uncle Sam's people, and we must
tlirce-cnrnerel—two  Conservatives and admit that the citizens of thateoUll-
one Liberal the former being D.Oi.pen- lry residing in Nanaimo have taken
heimer and  J,   \\.   Bowser,  the latter J             ,v
Rev. G. E. Maxwell. a very active part in   urging  our
The All Star Specially Company will people to celebrate   Her Majesty's
shine In lull galaxy this eveningat the Birthday in a lilting manner after
Y'.,M,' °.\A,' '"'"•   T',"','',':'''' de reehtnnee tj1(, fj ,uncjj i,.uj stlmvtl slu.h a ]n|.e.
■■•'■-   and Juliet, or li
__       ,,     r*.||    euro I.lver Ills] easy to
MOOU S FlllS hike, easy to u'lerat**. 25e.
pERrECT Fitting
Okell & Morris'
Spring Dry Goods. U
will be "Borneo and Juliet, or the Old ,    ■
.Man's Revenge." As the admission has "arm spirit toward that project—
been reduced tolOc., it will be necBBflary in fact, might be said to have
to go early to secure seats, thrown   cold     water      upon     it.
And the people have responded in
lii-ii ti O'Lynn Iiml no boots to wear.
Sr. he came to Xanaiimi to buy him n P'lir:
"I'll have ono jiulrof thick mul one pair nf linn,
If I can lin-1 IVlilttleld'B,' says Brian o'l.ynn.
lie bunted tho stores nil ulmn* Die lnnbi route,
. r ,   ,      i Snyslie: '"I'l-e right one 1','e not yet fuunilout.
see-   ebration Committee.  I am glad that ! I want Wlilllielil   I'll liny only fnm, him,
lie sells tlioclioiiticst," sayeBrinn o'bynu..
Me stepped a little '.vest of Allien stroel;
In Silks we are showing beautiful Taffetas, Shot,
Broches,Surahs, Japanese and China Silks, Velvets, Doras Velvets, Plushes, ete.
DRESS GOODS-For spring and summer service.
The rarest and most beautiful to suit the
most fastidious.
WASH GOODS-We have thc latest in Crinkle,
j* * Prints, Muslin, Ducks, Sateens, Ginghams.
II Y§\       Pl^fiSfi I  VTiS ) Tnis unin-'e und attractive assortment of goods being latest novelties
Ul \J       L L \JU\JL 1 vW, *    of a reliable kind is calculated to meet the tastes and preferences
Prepared from Choice B.C.Fruits
and I!. 0. Sugar.
Thoy are the Purest and Best.
Luf every lady likely to enter our store.   We are always pleased to show goods.
At  ihe annual meeting of the B. C.
Medical Council at Victoria on Monday ,, ,        ■■,■■,
the following officers were elected: 1'res- 'J10 same spirit by selecting United
idem, John Duncan,Victoria; vlce-prcs- States citizens as oQicers oi theCel
ident, R. E. McKeehnie, Nanuiir
reiary and  registrar   tx. I.   Milne-. Ic- such Bpjrjt was Bjuiwr) by t|R, .„,,,.,]
toiia; treasurer, \\ . .1. .ilciuii gan, \ an- , ..    '  . i.     -,i i I «•> ""i-c*-""""
COuver '     iNanalmO,    It will go a long Way   He saw Whitfield's-.urn—sure 'twas a treat;
Dr. VV. McNanghton Jones, provincial toward soothing any irritation that "rvi'found'itiV'iuKi'i-'-'kttj^iinrTaiVo^i1.^!'!,""
snwerintendenl  ofthe Dominion quar- may be caused  by any bud  break  We showed him our calf boots, kid end tmvlilde, I
night   in   >
l.\ei:, what made you look so nice
Jaok—Why Torn, beeause I had 'such  n clean  shirt
and collar on and such nice polish on them.
Tom—Where did you get them dune?
Jack—At the '
.......   ..i,  ...lliuuiun   .,..;n:.-,   j, km III"  l.l b"'V    "'"'"""""**" l.C lll'HI'l II III  lll--l,      Ml VS  .U'llUI  O  I .\ lill. \ /Zg     j**f^°*K   • /^*J     I "f" "1
Buwerintendenl  ofthe Dominion quar-  mav  be caused  by any bud  break  Wo showed him our calf boots, kid and tnwhlile, 5    ^-rf   l-i a*« aa*m W-J-Am-vt 9    c, *ii -v\ ri *wi*«n
antine service, died Sunday at Williams'  .i,.,', i :,..,..„,. Cl„v<d.in,i'  mil „„,„].„ The ones we iimlseninst-uo soamsai the slue. J (I   M I 4 \ \ \ il  I I iNN'iSllI I l5*l I !  t 11 I I V
Head. He was a native of England, aged   !"'    (,l°)el   Uervellll*cl   m **/ mi»«  We've taohill uiuls from Quebec,,,,i iiciin.  \ KiOUtl I iVjlltUll lidUiUUl   )
til.    He came to Victoria 8*1yearsI ago.  m the future.    I suppose It  would  "Surevoieve boots for the infill   «»y»««»n } 1_ J
He was colliery doctor at Kanalmo and   not   have  been   right  to   havo   left   u0 hou-jlit him Ids boots, whioh of course were |
Wellington for"a number of years,    lie Mayor Davison oft  the list of ofii-  Uo r«W" down Ids inuii-jy, for we roll only tot
ieivt's ■, t'-nnitv  .11,11,11,. „ li. .,,1 .ii-,. M,o .,        * ii, ,     ,: lo the piiollo losiiys: "lie nuttaken lu,   ,„'■!,.  .
leavra a iHmily, amoi p unonii are M s, cel.s; otherwise Ave Could   have had liuvunly from wi itBi-lu," says llnan <>■ Lynn i
a. Heyland ol ibis city and Mr. Leslie •, i        . ,     , tt  •.   ,  .. ,■' , ,   ,•    ,   ,       ',,    ,        ,
r/oni'gni Mliei-ni ' .lt composed  exclusively o    United I "irthora ■ «lojik In the tosor sldoof yourshne.
.lo.ii .*■ oi .unci in. r i Just tnkoIt to WhltHold, that's all you need do;
Provincial Constable Htilcheson came otates citizens,   oome ol our people ■ He will pen ll or -mtali net while you ure in.
down from Union Thursday with Jaspar se, -» to be afraid that tiiese officers ' An" -ho "-"irw Beams like nothing," says Brian
Hilligas under arrest on live charges, to mi(rht discriminate aeainst British
wit: Breaking into Ec.cles house, steal-      ■• ,,       ••,.,.       . .      r
lug Fletcher's hunt, breaking into  D. subjects m the different events of
Cowio's place  and   stealing  a watch; toe two-days'sports, but I have too
inc jail at  Alberni, and stealing high  an  opinion  of  those gentle-
Tom—Xo more Chinamen for inc.    They ruih my shirts.
Jack—Drop ii card in I'osf Office Box 95 or leave word at I
Simp and the wagon will call on you at iiiu-e.
WHITFIELD, the Shoe Man,
iieai.inc jan in   •-.loer mu stealing men  an   opinion   ot  tliose gentle     /*\                 . J *> •     j 1     1
wo pairs of government blankets.   He men's character lo think they would  HllPPTI H \\IY\ i\( VA\
(loaded guutv to the flrst charge before i           ,, •         .  ,,     ,•   ,     i         , will. I 11 l5 1^11 lllvltli
udgc  Harrison  and was sentenced  to 'lo  anything   of   the   kind.    I   am|\uvl,,,J J
three years'   Imprisonment with  hard sure they will treat everyone alike!
labor, (he judge warning him that the and will  use   the power placed in
remaining bun* charges might  at   some their hands  in   a manner that will I
tuturo time be brought up against him, „ .,    ,       ,..       ., , ,   .
■ reflect credit (ill themselves ana tile
A concert will be given "in St. ...i ,, ■■ ""•,,'i 'r,"i: "'' 'i.eni.-.-:ve.-ami ine JL'ii'.i*! Jj£jXl!rO.
Hall uu Tuesday, Mav 19, the proceeds great republic to which they belong. OE,.T„n ,,,,.,.,„.„.    ... , .    ,
of which will be 'presented to the rector      [think it would bo in order for nj thf CeSatien Comm tiee  u  to
prevous to his leaving  for  his well- our C()Uncil   to ,ailll „     lhlic  ">    ' '' ^ ., v   '
deserved and much-required change and i,,., .,     ,/ . T ,- uOlKt'lV. fllctV   11. io.'h
rest.   The programme will he published holiday on the 1-ottrth ot July as a       ',   " ,   f'     . ,f       ,.'        ,
in full as earlv as possible,   Mr. Bovd of return for their kindness.    Anv of '■ ■'/'' «'e exclusive pnvllege ol Bmiplylng
Vancouver has kindly promised to help, our aldermen nre at liberty to use ! ml\R'ffi :«t*"ll«ll«»""» ,"""'"'s
 I ...ni I.,.i ..ni   i,;,.. '..i,. />..i..i... , • . ... '. . on .in... _.i .inn-ii.
1. Wines, Liquors and Cigars.
2. Temperance  drinks,   Ice   cream,
fruits ntnl candies,
IS.   Eatables.
md wiil bring will, him Mr. Orlckway,  this suggestion, but 1 would efirn-
who has generously consented to assist,     ,,       ■'        , '. ,    ,,,  ,,    .,     ,
him, so that uu elocutionary treat may estlyomnmencl it to Aid. Bradley for
be  expected.     Several  kind Nanaimo his careful consideration.    BrITON.
friends will assist with songs, duets and ■ -•♦♦	
solos, vocal and instrumental.   Admis-      In the House of Commons yester-
Bion, 25c; family tickets, to admit Ave, $1, day  sir  William Harcourt asked
PEMSONAJ the government to  make  a  state- k'ertifled cheque for amount of tender.
 " ment regarding the raid  into the Cheques returned to unsuccessful bid-
Dr. Walkem arrived at Ottawa Friday. Transvaal.    In  so  doing  be  said By order of committee.
J. H. Pleaee went to Vancouver on a the opposition had  heretofore  not I "            B. D. PRESLEY,
business trip Thursday. u,il]uh, pregsed the government on I Secretary.
,',";,,.T.','il'',MshR'!',oft-M:,n'llly'm ,lliH  important  matter,  but   thev
a business trip to nun l'laucisco. .,        . .r.,    .   .,
i      ,   ,   ,, ,,,,,, holight  that   the
Marshal   Dray and  A.   It    Johnston . '  , ,     ..     ,
went noun to S'lctoria yesterday. .arrived for the hou
Tims Foster of Westminster, M P P , ed of t,ie government's intention in _,_
paid a flyingvl'sil toNanaimoyesterday, the case.   The responsible directors T1|(, (, „„., „f RevU,on f    „„. c|t   (|f
! I,,    e!\, v!"i, Si? v "^i1"""' U"S •'"   w •   e     n Uliir'c,-<;<    South HanB,     wi|, b(j he,d ln the 0,    Coun.
Ing on a visit to Mr. bloan's parents in  African    Company    at   Capetown ., ,,,      ,
Ontario i   i  i L , • , ci  Chambers
"1UL"° i and Johannesburg were,  he said,
^n\i^n\th!:^;:^^      y •*«-«• °f }h^ «d pr. iw8tjnfiSjav Mav 97 \m
the Phil. Gable cigar factory Jameson was only their  suhordin-   »■ jy-iuij.;tlj, Ifluj  ui,  IUUU
i    Rev  <1   A. Taylor returned yesterday  «•<■;     '''h'! government, the speaker ,n   , ^
from Victoria, where he attended  thc claimed,   was   responsible  for   the'
[ meeting of the Synod executive. 'acts of Ihe Chartered Company  to when any appeal from the assessment
It. Adam, .1.  MeKenzie, .1. Bowden  the nation and to  the  world "(an-  for 1800 will be heard.
WHITE I.AI'OI! ONLY emjiloyed.
Terms strictly cash.C. O. D.
s  Barber
D. M. STEWART, Proprietor.
.*-.,■': :'.    i! -.' '.
CHU : -i
ft'. ■ ••■        j '■-.- .■ ;-"
> <\   -A, !    :;•- *':0 .,
■■■  *■     :  .- ■'        .:      . ',   '-;■   I
t •■•■"., >•-••■—' ,;;
-r v i-1 M
. i •>'". .
NOTICE   is   hereby  given  that   Edwin
Matthews has been admitted a partner
in  the above business.    In  future the
i business will be carried on bv the undersigned under the style antl name of
Wilson & Mattiikws, who will assume
.all liabilities and collect all debts due
I lhe said business, and we trust that by
J careful  attention  to the  needs of our
customers, to merit a continuance ofthe
,   . patronage so liberally bestowed in the
if vou do. it ii make u great riiuereiu-e past.
JjtltOME  Wll.sON,
Eiiwin .M .vrni lews,
send von: cim.diien TO rs.
mutter,   but   they'   ,.  „ "_""      .    .
outbitatoTiCourt of Eevision
j and W   Johnson  left Monday  morning phmse "from Opposition" benches.)
lor tbe Casslar country on a prospecting ;.    ,      •        ...'',,..,..       ., 'I
(,,„,,.. '        ii** Continuing, air William Harcourt
Mrs. Crossan, wife'of Chief Crossan. remarked   that   partisans   of   the   .
luft Monday morning on a throe months' company were trying to pass it   off
visit in friends In Chicago and the East- on   the credulity of the people that
By order,
Olty Clerk.
mi States.
A&tf^iSo^sSSS:!" -""•«■! n;e■ri'1,i'of"j0"ha""ne8: Thfi filohfi Hotel
nying Nanaimo a visit. They expel to l'llL*-:j;i[i1l1Is.tJ2!Lt.r!1':'.''.- 1 l"-     y* ' v rJV     J 117 ll 1
the raid was  an   uupulsive  action
paying .Miiiainio a visit, ineyexj
remain in the province about six months.
.1. II Price, tlicnewly-aiipoinicd manager uf the Okell & Mm lis n uit-preserv-
ing company of Victoria, returned to
Victoria yesterday after a business trip
through the district
A pure Grape Cream of Tartar Powder.    Frei
from Ammonia, Alum or any other .idulteiant
40 Years thc Slan-Jard.
I'Iiksiivtkiiian I'liciieii.
Morning service at 11 o'clock; Bible
class and Sabbath school at 2:110 p. tn.I
evening service at "• The pastor will
preach at both Services. All welcome. 8.
C, Stewart, pastor pro tem.
Y. P. S. C. E. prayer meeting immediately alter the evening service.
Midweek meeting, Thursday evening New Westminster.Tuesday
at 8 o'clock.
BAPTIST cueitcii. Clinton Monday
Services at 11 A. it. and 7 1*. M. .Sunday   Victoria    Tuesday
school and   pastor's  Bible clflBS at 2:80   Kamloops Monday
p.m.    Midweek  meeting, Wednesday, Vernon  Monday
7:80 e. M. All scats free; all are. invited. I'Nelson  Monday
Showing the Dates and Places of
Courts of Assize, Nisi Prins, Oyer
and Terminer, and General Gaol
Delivery for the year 1896.
Spring Assizes.
Nanaimo    Tuesday... 6th May
Tuesday... 12th  May
Tuesday.. ,19th Mav
Has been renovated and re-furnished,
and is now conducted as a lirst-class
Mn. Ai.hki-t It.U'cn can be found as
Superior accommodation is provided
for the public.
,25th  Mav
,26th  May
Arlington Hotel
i Having completed the erection ot the Arlington
; lintel at NANOOSK BAY, thil hniKisiiiue and
' eolneinilloils lintel  in new prepared to receive
h'ev. W. A. Gunton, pastor, ItillFarquar
Coal Exports.
Following arc the foreign shipments
of coal for tho week ending .May II:
Date.        Namk ani> Drbtination,        T
I Sp El well, San Francisco  2
I SS Holyoke, Port Townsend..
'I SS Cilv nl Kverett. Sun Frail.. 8.B80 i anv tender nut necessarily accepted
2,2001     ' J. E. McKENZlE,
,  .   ,     -   ■ and einiiliirtiilily eiilertiitn tnivelerH nnd (itliem.
J5l.li June    's presi«lod over by Mrs. Thompson, and tht
* Donald Monday.. 22nd June   T*Mo d'Hoto oonitniitly provided with all the
delicacies of tho Benson. Combined with the
eifTiiitt furnished apartments, the visitor Buds
tin- surroundings of the muM pleasant description,
•Special Assize.
"for sale
TENDERS will he received up to Mon
BUST   VAljliK   IN
'ons.   day, Mav llth, by the undersigned, for'   ®^^\ T T f \ T If X tf\ C^f
,800 the purchase of Lot 2, ISIock 14, with T-^iH 6    III    1^
12 i two large stores thereon.   Thchighestor \_     AJIV^   J.   \Jk^J
6 Bk Oregon, San Francisco
5 SS Pioneer, I'ort Townsend
Victoria Crescent.
Tenders may he made separately or with the youngsters and n si ill greater
collectively, difference with you.    They'll lie better
Each tender must be accompanied hylshnd than they possibly could be elsewhere and at a considerably less cost.
When yon can save money by buying
better Roods, ynuv'e struck a goml imitation of ii bonanza. That's what you'll
always find in nur stock—the best juvenile footwear in S'nnuimo. Yon can't
beat either our Bonus or prices. Yon |
might as well try to beat a drum with a i
N'lina'ino, II. ('., April 7, 1808,
Watch this Space for Particulars of the
White ]{iinmed
Hyslop  Bicycles
And why you should got your Whoels
repaired at
Jevier House
MRS. JAS. HAWKING, (late of the
Temperance House) desires to express her thanks to the public for
former patronage, and now begs to
sliiu- that the Kevier House has
been comfortably arranged for the
accommodation of hoarders, stea ly
or transient. Single or double rooms
with hot or cold water Imths, anil
electric light in each room. Everything strictly lirst-class and charges
moderate. Remember the house, a
half-minute's walk from the old
stand north.
Nanaimo Furniture Stoiv
Johnston Block, Bastion St.
T" mm\ "• fcraLFNpHrtr.
The Nanaimo Bakery Excels
The Popular Bakers.
—Full nml Complete stock of—
Furniture, Mattresses, Lounges,
t'|iliolslereil (,'niiilnol'iill KinilB  Made unit  Itu-
puii-eil.   l-'iirniuiie nf till description  fioiiKtit
and sold.   Mattreus*-n repiilreil nml delivered
the siutiediiy.   A trial nriler Boiloited.
City Market
Wholesale and Retail Butchers
r. o. Box 227 Telephone 7-8
JOS. M. BROWN, Watchmaker,
oV watl-'i'is Demagnetized shortNotice
By SI'KCIAI, MACHINERY on the Premlaes.
Fine nml Cum plicated Wmclies and Clocks
Carefully Cleaned and Repaired
Fine C YCLOM KTKRS, for Bicycles, in Stock.
Consult Clltllieil  AM) ClIAl'KI, Stukp.ts.
Makkiit, Bastion Si'iiickt.
Ask for -:-    (j
Lawrences jgss
Soda Watbb
Mannfaeturor of Tomperence Drinks, 8yriiBi,So.
,     ,     ,      : liellvcreil tree lo lill imrlB el city und vicinity.
Bteomeri ana Blilpplngsttopiicd on unort notice; ^-jr- pminpi Attention pnld tostuppluKordezt.
ut Wliolemilu ITleeH. .       Tclt'pliniie ij-l. 1'. O. llox ,».  N.VNA1MO.     .


Citation Scheme:


Citations by CSL (citeproc-js)

Usage Statistics



Customize your widget with the following options, then copy and paste the code below into the HTML of your page to embed this item in your website.
                            <div id="ubcOpenCollectionsWidgetDisplay">
                            <script id="ubcOpenCollectionsWidget"
                            async >
IIIF logo Our image viewer uses the IIIF 2.0 standard. To load this item in other compatible viewers, use this url:


Related Items