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The Nanaimo Semi-Weekly Mail Oct 6, 1896

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 "Patent Excellent
VOL. II.-NO. 28.
,    Comes the twit Tea offered to dlserlml-
i        natlng buyers In BrltlBh Columbia.
. '   Garden Manager,    I
**y*" (        FOBSTKK IlKUULE. ( Sole Agents B. C.
Boots: Shoes rBoots
We Have Jnst Received Several Large Consignments
From the Best Makers, and Consequently are in
a Position to Offer Exceptional Value.
Boots, Shoes, Slippers, Etc.
We have a large stock, constantly being added to. We
guarantee stock and workmanship equal to the best in
the market, while prices are as low, at least, as the lowest.
No, We Are Not Neglecting Our
Grocery Stock.
That Is Up to Date in Every Particular.
We carry Duncans and Delta Creamery Butter, a very
choice stock of Selected Dairy and Eastern Creamery in
Tubs, and regular supplies of choice Ranch Butter.
Our Coffee Stock
Has been supplemented by a supply of SCHILLING'S
BEST, put up in lib packets, which we grind for you
while you wait. Our Empress Brand is still, as always,
equal to anything in the market for the money.
Our "Special" Tea
Is still the Prime Favorite and easily retains its placo as
the BEST TEA in the country for the price. 25c. *#* lb.
We carry a very large stock, including the best brands of
all sorts, <iiul we are sole agents for the famous Salada Toa.
■Our Automatic Oil Can
Is giving unbounded satisfaction, and as we are supplying them PKEE, you should get one. There is no waste,
no oil spilling over anything, and tlie oil is supplied 25c.
tin lower than the regular cans.
Give Us a Trial Order.   You Will Find Us All Right.
e's Store,
Victoria ,
lew Millinery
New Jackets
New Dress Goods
We are showing a Very Choice Selection of
each ot:<lhe above ofthe Very Latest Styles.
Are the Moist Fashionable of the Season.
Nanaimo, B. C.
They nro
Made from Select   ruttand Cane Sugar.   The Hn-ntest oaro la exorolsed In tholr preparation anil oxi uiBttecloanltiieM observed,   we only make one quality—the iiust-
thesi-me as supplied to the order ot ilia ExooUenoy Lord Aberdeen.
WHY BUY CHEAP JAMS ? BUY OKELL & MORRIS'. They are the Purest anil Best
Broken Bicycles1
Repaired in Good Shape
4jTA v
to avoid (lander of accidents.
Repairing Bikes a Specialty
See the HYSLOP.
City Market
' ! V
Wholesale and Retail Batchers
f, 0, Box 2?7 Telephone 7-8
flout-Low nor 0(»poH.unj5\
If you haven't had unfortunate ex-
peri uncus with shoes you are to lie con-
unitnliiie I. Perhaps you cnunot tull
the right siile of leather from the wrong
side, hut that's no reason why you
shouldn't get what ynu pay lor In the last
cent's worth. When ynu can hiiyn pair
of shoes from us you will know just what
to expect from them and ynu won't he
disappointed, for we tell you the exact
truth and nothing but the truth.
The Cash Boot and Shoe Store
Nos. 17 and 19 Commercial Street.
All Goods From the Leading Houses of Canada
Men's, Women's, Hisses', Children's and Infants' Footwear,
Ladies' OvefcGaiters, Boys' Lace and Knee Boots,
Ladies', Misses', Children's and Infants' Leggings
Ladies' Kid Slippers in All Styles.
E. E. C. JOHNSON, Manager.
M Its. M. A. HOWF, Proprietor,
Cor. Haliburton and Mam Streets
GOOD Hie an., a
SQUARE nm   —a
In Staple and Fancy———,
Dry Goods,
Boots and Shoes,   •
Patent Medicines, Etc.
Give Her a Call and be Convinced
(lonils Delivered Free* to any [fart of the City
Emptj Bottles oi any Description,
Did Copper, Brass, Zinc or Lead,
Cnn dis'topc ol name by aiMre*Blng a poatal to
11. A.4 RON SON, Box IIS, Nanaimo,
Who will cull promptly at anyaddrni in city
or .Suburb..
Singer Sewing Machine Co.
29 Commercial Street
(Same Untitling an Botley'n Shoe Htore),
where a Oeiiural Anaortment of
Sewing Machine Supplies
Are kept on hand.   All kinds ot
Sewing Machines Repaired
And Work Guaranteed.
t j'oinmercl-al Street.
Has changed his quarters,
and can now be found up
stairs in the
Williams Block,
Where he will be pleased to
receive his patrons.
Fall Suit -houM
     Anyone requiring
lenvo tlie order early.
Tbe Manufacturing Jeweler
In again open for bu sinew at the old stand on
Oppontte the Doon Hotel.    JtfwelTj" made to
order und repaired.   All work guaranteed.
HE Member* of tha aboro ("oromltteo at* tte
queued lo meet at the city Council Chamber
Next Saturday Evening it I o'clock.
A full attendance Ir requested,
RALPH BM1TH, Secretary.
Socialist Convention.
sharp there will he held ln
A Socialist Convention, to whieh all reformer*
nre Invited. Tako advantage ol BKDVCED
RATES to lhe exhibition and attend, Good
Speaker* will he there, and Iota of excellent
ideas will lie liromulftated.
gtf- Let Nanainio bt will rtyra-entt-t.
A Free Trade Colony.
An experiment is going on in
the English colony of New South
Wales which promises to be of great
economic value. When the Hon.
G. H. Keid, the present premier,
succeeded last fall in passing his
bill embodying a new scheme of
taxation, it was asserted by the protectionists of New South Wales,
as well as by those living in other
Australian colonies, that an application of the plan could not fail to
lead to general industrial bankruptcy. Premier Keid's plan was
a more radical free trade method
than any hitherto in use in any
civilized country in the world.
All the customs taxes are under it
abolished, except those on spirits,
wines, beer, tobacco, and opium.
These are looked upon as luxuries
upon which a tax can fittingly be
paid, while if distilling, brewing
or tobacco growing takes place in a
colony, a countervaling internal
revenue tax would undoubtedly
be placed upon those enterprises.
The deficiency in the national receipts brought about by this radical curtailment of revenue is, under
the law now in force to be made
good by direct taxation. A part
of this is secured by a tax on land,
and the other part is received
through the instrumentality of an
income tax. As the result of six
months operations, instead of proving disadvantageous, the new plan
or taxation has been found to be
distinctly beneficial. It was said
that wheat growing would b« abandoned in New South Wales because there was no longer any protection granted the fanners; bul
instead of this the area of wheat
planting has been much larger this
year than ever before, and curiously enough, a large number of farmers have come from the protectionist colony of Victoria into the unprotected colony of New South
Wales for the purpose of engaging
in the farming business. It is said
that New South Wales may grow
enough wheat this year to feed its
population—a thing that has never
happened in any past year. General trade has also received an impetus, and with this object lesson
before them, it is by no means improbable that the other colonies
will realize the necessity of speedily abandaning the protectionist
methods to which they are now
attached. It may be interesting
to add that there is no place in the
world, not even in the United
States, where the hours of labor
are uniformly soshort(eight hours),
and the wages paid uniformly so
high, as in this free trade colony of
New South Wales.—Boston Herald.
Y. M. C. A. Concert
... There was a rather small turn
out to the concert on Saturday
evening owing, no doubt, to the
chilly atmosphere. Aid. Wilson
occupied the chair, and the programme was gone through as advertised with one or two exceptions.
"Burn down your cities and leavo
our farms, and your cities will
spring up again as if by magic.
But destroy our farms and grass
will arow in the streets of every
city in ttits country."—Wm. J.
This column is open to the public and we
heartily invite tlte citizens to make
use of it for discussing public questions.
Editor Mail.—Sir.—I was fully
aware before I began to write the
expianation that appeared in your
last issue in reference to the financial report I made to the Council
on Sept. 28th that it would be, if
anything, more "disappointing" to
the Free Press than the report itself, if that were possible. With
that well known fact before me, I
did not set myself to work to satisfy
the requirements of my fastidious
friend. But rather to make a plain
statement, that I felt sure would be
accepted by any person who did
not desire to impute dishonest
motives to my actions in the
If there was any possible object
for me to gain by suppressing the
true state of affairs, then I could
understand why the Free Press
should suspect me of trying to deceive the public, but the very opposite is the only course for me to
pursue, if there is anything to be
gained. If, as the Free Press asserts, the Council has "overdrawn
the constable," then for the sake of
my reputation, as a member of the
Council, the sooner I become aware
of the fact, and applied the brakes,
the better. If there is any truth in
the assertion made by the Free
Pres •-, and that fact being an "open
secret" for so long a time, why did
it not speak out long before? If
the Council is the batch of incompetents that it would infer; why
has it not got out an injunction
long ago and stopped our wild
If the estimates passed by the
Council were recklessly compiled,
and without due regard for the
difficulties that must be faced in
collecting revenue, why did it not,
as a public spirited journal, give us
the benefit of its twenty-three years
experience, and show us wherein
we erred?
But no, it has been dumb as an
nyster all these months upon this
important question. The Free
Press—of all journals—I did not
expect would remain silent under
such circumstances.
Admitting, for sake of argument,
that the Council has over-estimated their actual receivable revenue,
so as long as they keep within the
present appropriations, there can
be no deficit at the end of the year,
and that is the question in which
tbe ratepayers are most interested.
True, there maybe accounts owing,
and the less taxes collected
the larger that sum is sure to
be. But there will be an asset to
offset that account in the shape of
uncollected taxes. If this is the
size of that "nigger" discovered by
the Free Press, he is a very small
shaver indeed.
Even Aid. Planta and West-
wood's "most carefully prepared
report" must be quite "disappointing" to the Free Press, is they have
cut down its figures to the tune of
$3,000. What does the discrepancy prove? Only this: that it is
impossible to form a correct idea
as to the amount of revenue likely
to be collected, with the exception
of one item, Police Court fees. I
will admit it does not require a
very keen observer to descern that
our revenue will fall short in that
department, as up to Sept. 28th we
have only received ■r'350 of the
$1000 estimated by the Council. It
will be within the recollection of
all that I tried in the early part of
the year to meet this anticipated
deficiency, by asking the Government to reduce the Balary of the
Police Magistrate, and later on
Aid. Bradley sought the same end,
by asking for a reduction ot the
police force. Did tbe Free Press
and those who now evince such
anxiety concerning the financial
standing of the city, give us that
support that reasonably was to be
expected from those who are supposed to be ever watching the best
interests of the City? Or was this
particular move looked upon as a
persecution of certain industries,
and over worked officials? The
Free Press will probably say, "this
is dragging inside issues" that have
no bearing on the case, but it appears to me not a very hard task
to find a connection in this instance with the sum of $1,060 at
least by which the Council have
been assisted very materially to
"overrun the constable."
Yours respectfuly,
Arthur Wilson.
Nanaimo, B. C, Oct., 5th, '96.
At the regular meeting of the Council
on Monday evening there were present:
Mayor Davison, Aid. Sinclair West-
wood, Planta, Wilson Martell, Morton, and Foreman
The minutes of last meeting were read
and on motion adopted.
The report -of the auditor was
read and on motion was ordered to
be received and fyled.
A communication was received
from the City Clerk of New Westminster extending a hearty invitation so the Mayor and Aldermen
to visit the annual Agricultural
Exhibition to be held at Westminster during the present week.
Aid. Wilson moved, seconded by
Aid. Morton that the letter be received and a reply be sent, accepting the invitation.   Carried.
Returning Officer Thompson
made a report that 153 votes had
been cast for, and 152 against the
Fire Alarm By-law, which had not
received the necessary number of
votes required to pass it. Received
and fyled.
Aid. Westwood requested that his
communication respecting the
building a sidewalk in front of the
new Nanaimo Hotel be read.
Communication read.
Aid. Morton moved, Aid. West-
wood seconded that the motion of
last week be reconsidered.  Carried.
On motion of Aid. Morton and
Foreman permission to raise the
sidewalk to the grade be granted,
subject to the supervision of the
Street Committee.   Carried.
The Street Foreman presented
his report which was received and
Aid. Wilson asked that the Finance Committee have another week
to present their report. He said
the Finance Committee had been
called for Tuesday at 7 o'clock,
and he extended an invitation to
all the Aldermen to be present.
Aid. Foreman moved and Aid.
Sinclair seconded that the request
of the chairman of tbe Finance
Committe be granted.   Carried.
There being no further business
the Council adjourned.
Gospel Temperance Meeting*.
The Y.M.C.A hall was well filled on
Sunday evening. A good programme
was provided and the meeting went on
without a hitch. One good feature was
noticed at this meeting, viz., that the
meeting was opened punctually on time.
Miss Hartt occupied the chair, and it ia
due to her that the audience did not
have to wait until the details were arranged on the platform. Mrs. Gunton
rendered as a solo, "When the Mists
have Cleared away."
Mr. Hall was the speaker of the evening, prefacing his remarks with a reference to the prevalence of profanity on
the streets of Nanaimo, by old gray-haired men in the hearing uf little children,
who stood by and listened. He said he
was not there to deliver a tirade of abuse
on the saloon keepers; he would rather
light principles. He had nothing to say
anaiiiBt thoee men who bought and paid
for the license to sell intoxicating drink,
so lone aa they obeyed the law regulating those licences, but he had a good
deal to say against a principle which
would license the sale of an article, under the influence of which a man might
commit murder, and then execute him
for committing it. He wished to talk
on habit, and gave a stirring address to
young men especially on forming early
habits, as these would in a large measure mould their future lives. Pathetic
reference was made to an address of J.
B. Gough, in which reference was made
to the influence of a mother's teaching.
After giving one or two instances coming
directly under the speaker's personal
observation as to the evil effects of drink
on the moral and physical nature, Mr.
Hall closed, what we think was one of
the best temperance addresses ever de-
livercred in Nanaimo.
Provincial News.
Ronald Campbell, who went up 'o
Union from Chilli wack some few months
ago, has now removed his stock of boots
and shoes to Kossland, where he expects
to go into business.
Extensive bush fires have been raging at Valdez Island for the past five or
six weeks. Millions of feet of timber
have been destroyed, and settlers have
lost heavily by the burning of crops and
fences. Quite a number of Nanaimoitea
are located on Valdez Island.
Chief Justice Davie, who has been 111
for some days, has been removed to the
hospital in Victoria for treatment. It is
understood that the Chief Justice is suffering from a similar malady to that
with which his late brother was afflicted,
and his friends are anxious for his condition.
Owing to the delay of the Joan in not
reaching Comox on Thursday until 3 p.
m. the judges selected by the Agricultural Society were not able to arrive on
time. Mr. ft. A. Forest, of Vancouver,,
who returned by the Joan, reports tho
Fair to be a success. Thero was a large
turn out from Comox and Union.
 «>» ■
Ar. immense number of names have
been attached to, the anti-Mongolian
petition in Vancouver. It is confident j>
expectel that 10,000 signatures will T£
obUdned". The Chinese Question.
! ul   nlitinnlinnq      Tin.   rpKiilr Is that   not   the hon. the Controller would lead this House
al obligations.     llu,  resultIS tna;, n      to believe exists, and Ithlnkthat hon. momhers
having any appearances  of self-respect   wlll ,,„ morc moUned ,0 take the view ol my
I to keep np lor themselves and their faun-   hon. Iriend Irom Burrard (Mr. Maxwell), hacked
The following is the Hansard re port of i ljeS|  they have  thus  an additional ad-   up as it is by lhe u.nanhnoiiB expression .of the
W. W. IS. Mcliinis' speech on the Chin; j vantage in competing against our peo-' B1,""'"re '"
ese question delivered  in  the  House of
Commons on Sept. 16th :
Mr. Mclnnes.   Mr.  Speaker,  when I
heard the able and comprehensive explanation of this Chinese question which [
was given to the House lust week by the
hon. member for Bun-aid (Mr. Maxwell) |em.t .,ussj|,ie nutriment. They have
I thought it was unnecessary for any- inht,,.ill.(1 tDe capacity to live on the
thing more to be said in justification ol |,,,i,,i,,,u>» of food which is necessary to
•the position which is taken on this „„„,„■„ |*fe anrj tliia neeessurily implies
question by the people of our western \taB0 -ar aa tht, mte 0f  waj,,.8 ja deter-
Another point which has been referred
to is this. They and their ancestors before them, owing to the over-populated
condition of China, have adapted their
stomachs,  so to speak,  to do with the
on this
'Province. It seems, however, that notwithstanding the convincing and complete argument of my hon. friend (Mr.
Maxwell), there is s'till some diversity
of opinion among hon. members upon
■the question of increasing the restrictions upon Chinese immigration, As
this matter is undoubtedly one of the
moBt vital consequences to British Ool-
limbia in general, and to the district I
have the honour lo represent in this
House in particular, 1 wish to endorse
the remarks which have been made by
different speakers who have spoken in
favour of increased restriction, and I
wish more particularly to refer to a few i
Of the arguments which  have been   ad
mined by the necessaries of life, that
these people cun undermine the white
Therefore, on account of their lack of
social obligations in the community, on
account of their single blessedness, so to
speak, on account of the fact that they
can live on next, to nothing, you will see
that they are in a position to undercut
our labour at every turn. It is absolutely impossible for white men to compete against Chinamen in thc field of
labour. The result is that a white labourer most either cast his self-respect
to the winds, and iritist. degrade himself
! to the level of that vile product of
vanced by boo. gentlemen who hold a
different view. The ti rst member who
expressed an opinion different from that
of the introducer of this motion was the
hon. member for ftuysborough (Mr.
Fraser), and Sir. I must confess that 1
was surprised to find that lion, gentleman take the position which be did,
because we have have always regarded
him, and in fact we know that he is still
a stalwart friend of those who are labouring under unjust and unfair conditions
of society, and on this occasion it seemed peculiar to find him in opposition to
those whose interests lie bus always
championed. But, he explained nwny
the surprise of most of ns when he stated to the House, that there were practically no Chinamen inthe province of
Nova Sjotia. Sir, if there were Chinamen in Nova Scotia and if that hon.
gentleman were brought in contact with
the evils of the presence of large numbers of Chinese, he could not hold the
views which he at present, does. If be
lived in British Columbia or in any
place where there arc a large number of
Chinese, be would see the interests of
the white men undermined by Chinamen in the most unfair manner. He
would see the white laborer driven from
his work; be would see white families
reduced to the verge of starvation ; he
would see these things as we see them
ir» the west, not in individual instances
but in numberless cases, and seeing
them I know that he would sympathize
*with those of bis race who are looking to
this Parliament for relief. Tbe hon.
gentleman, in justification ofthe position which he has taken on this question
lor the time being—I say for the time
being because I believe that both he and
the Controller of Inland Revenue after
further ventilation of the question, will
be inclined to accept the views held by
those members of the House who are
most directly concerned—I say the lion,
gentleman (Mr. Fraser) has advanced
certain arguments in favour of his
present position, to whieh I wish to
refer briefly, because I have no doubt
there are other members of this House
holding similar views.
The first idea  suggested   by the  lion,
member  (Mr.   Fraser)   was,   that   the
movement    In    favour   of    restricting
Chinese immigration was  something of
a class agitation which   is supported by
■the working classes only.   That  is alto-
together u mistaken view   of  the   situation.     There can be no doubt but that
the first effect of  the   presence   of  this
large number of Chinese  is manifested
upon the working classes, but,   Sir, it is
equally true   that   tbe   injurious   effect
falls upon all other classes   ofthe   community.    The fanners   are  as much Interested in ihis question as are the work-
ingmen, and it is   not too  much  to say
that tbe tra lespeople are also  similarly
interested.     It must  be  remembered
that while there are about 20,000 Chinamen in British Columbia,   these Chinamen observe a rule not to patronize any
white establishments if it is  possible to
do otherwise.   The great bulk of their
supplies and provisions  are  Imported
direct from China.    Now,   if  these 2d,-
000 Chinamen were not in British  Columbia, there would be somewhere about
10,(100 white   men to take  their  places,
and the majority of these   being  in all
probability heads of families,   the con-
ditiOrwonlil wring an   enormous  trade
to the merchitms of that province.    The
fact is, that all   the   people   iu British
Columbia, no matter what their calling
In life, are desirous of restriction   being
placed upon further Chinese   Immigration.    I shall not dwell upon this phase
of the question at the present  time, because in a very few  months   there  will
be a monster petition  presented   to the
Government asking for further restrictions to he placed   upon   the  Immigration of Chinese,  and   when   that petition   is   presented   to   this   House     it
will  be  found  that the signers of it include not only workingtnan, and tradespeople, and farmers, but also those  who
are engaged in Industries,  whieh  it  is
contended by pro-Chinese advoetes cannot be cut ried ou  iu  British Columbia
without Chinese labour.    But, if it were
argued  that this question were a mere
question of competition,  and  Unit  the
object was for the workingineii to get rill
of  this  competition ;   even   if that, were
the basis of our objection, I confe.-s thai
after the discussion that I heard in ihis
House lust Wednesday evening I would
ex|«"t to fliiil a great deal  of sympathy
With   our   movement,   for Sir, when th"
Alien Labour Bill was before the 1 louse,
lion, gentleman on both  sides endorsed
the principle of keeping but American
labour.   In British Columbia we do not
complain of falrcoinpetitiun,  The point
whicli we take is uol, so much that Chinese labour ionics into competition with
our white  labour,  but tbul it, creates a
condition of affairs which make competition Impossible,   You will see that this
Is  so,   when   vou consider the habits of
tbe Chinese  in   that  province.    In the
first place, while we have about 20,000
Of  them,   we  have  as  a matter of fact,
only about, !i I Chinese  women.    That
means  that nearly tbe whole of the 20,-
000 Chinamen of Biitisll  Columbia are
Unmarried.    Now, us most of the white
men  are  married you   readily  observe
that even were these Chinamen equal iu
other respects to unmarried while men
that  in competition   against   married
white  men,  they would have a decided
advantage in the labour market.   There
is another  point whieh  makes the advantage of tho Chinamen more apparent,
and it is that they rrftne to British  Columbia without nny idea whatever of accomodating  themselves to the customs
of our people.  They live and work there
as mere dumb animals.    They engage in
fo phases of society which involve soci-
Ji'o .     - •■■ .    "•'	
gested Asiatic life, or be must seek other
fields of labour. This question, then,
comes o this. White labourers in British Columbia cannot compete against
Chinese labour; they will not, on account of their self-respect as white men
and British subjects, consent to degrade
themselves to the condition of the Chinese, and the question arises will they
be forced to leave British Columbia?
Will BritishColumbia, with nil its wealth
of natural resources, and with its assured future, become the heritage ofthede-
gra.le.l Chinese, or will it become the
glory of Canada?
The hon. member for Giiysboroiigb
threw out the suggestion, and it has been
endorsed by the lion. Controller of Inland Revenue, that we have broad acres
of unoccupied land in this country, and
that it is certainly the right of the Chinese to come in and occupy them if they
see lit. There is no doubt that it is desirable that our broad prairies should be
peopled ; bnt I think it is equally undesirable to have them populated with the
refuse of humanity. We want men to
come to eome to this "otintry who will
make good citizens, men who will thicken the backbone of this country ; but to
say that all the magnificent opportunities of Ibis country should be thrown
open to the riff-raff of humanity isa proposition whice I do not think tiiis House
will entertain. There has been a complaint beard throughout the country,
and I think also in this House, against
the degraded elements of European life
being dumped intothiscountry. ltbink
thut complaint is well-founded. But
tbe fact is that the worst elements of
European life nre Pilgrim Fathers in
comparison with the scum which rises
from tha social conditions of the over-
populated und semi-civilized Empire of
The hon. Controller of Inland Revenue
has eulogized the character and the
morality and the intellect of the Chinese
people. 1 would say thai, so far as the
better classes of Chinamen purpose to
come to this country, there is at the
presenl time, so far as I understand tbe
law, no obstacle in Ihoir way. The pre-1
scut law merely excludes Ibe Chinese
labourer. In that law we have not gone
so far us the hon. member for South
Leeds (.Mr. Taylor) has gone in bis Alien
Labour Bill, which has been endorsed
by the House That Bill, as I understand it, is directed against all outside
countries, and is intended to prevent
foreign labour coining into competition
with our labour. We do not, gg so far as
tbut. The Chinese restriction Ut wishes
to prohibit only the Chinese labourer
'"from coming into this country. There
is at present no restriction whatever on
Chinese merchants, Chinese Students,
Chinese tourists, or Chinese ambassadors. They are allowed to conic into this
country, and there is no serious objection to them. It is only upon that degraded class which comes to this country in slavery, and remains in slavery
while here, that ,we desire to place restrictions.
Thehon. Controller of Inland I'evenve,
ns 1 have said, extolled the Chinese
character. He has been lately brought
into contact with Furl l.i Hung Chang,
uml there is no doubt that that eminent
Chinaman bus made a verv favorable
impression upon our Controller. But I
would point out to that hon. gentleman,
that iu China where there 400.000,000
Chinamen, there is but one l,i Hung
Chang; and it would be just as reasonable to attribute the virtues of the Hon.
Wm. E. Gladstone to the Whitechapel
wretches as to attribute any virtues
whieh the hon. Controller has seen in
Li Hung (Miang to the degraded Chinese who are Imported into British Columbia.
The bun. Controller has extolled lhe
morality of Chinamen in opposition to
lhe experience of the people of the west
and the experience of almost every pe -
sun who lias come In contact with the
Chinese people there; uud, as he has referred to books, 1 shall speak by the
book also.    I hnve here tbe report of the
Minister of Justice of this country for
the last year, in which I find a statement of the nationalities of the convicts
in tlie penitentiary of British Columbia;
and 1 find that, outol' 108 convicts in that
penitentiary 80 are Ohlnauien, There
are more chinamen there than native-
born Canadians. Now, at the outset,
there arc not more than 20,000 China-
meu in British Columbia, this means
Ihat while nol more lluiii 20 percent of
Ibe people of British Columbia are Chinamen, upwards of 30 per cent of the
convicts in the penitentiary are of that
nationality. I do not know tlmt that
stands very well beside the contention of
the lion. Controller in regard to the
morality of these people. But, Sir, it is
certain that the fact, as disclosed by tbe
report of the Minister of Justice, is well
known to nil persons who live in British
Columbia; ami if I had here the  report
ofthe common jailB of the province, it
would be found that, that report would
mnke It more apparent si ill I bat, the morality nf the Chinese, ns we know thom
in British Columbia, is of tbe very lowest kind.
The hnn. Controller also oxtolled thn Intern-
iiiMM',! nf the Cnlnninitn. in that om*uiootton I
have looked up tho FtiiiMli's of the asylum nf
Hritish Columbia and 1 timl that out ofsomeltW
inmate* 20 are Chinamen. Mo you 1*1)1 see, if
ynu n,i..ik by tho hook, that It can easily he
uro i" 1 Mini the class of Chinamen wnlon we
hove In British Ci,Innililii nre neltherof the very
highest mnrai or Intellectual standing. Hut wo
from British Columbia, upon Mils occasion,
heotl not routine oursotves to books ns must the
hon. Controller of Inland Revenue, whollvoi
H.lmo miles away front the enmillion of ntl'nlrs
Which we   hnve   ih'si'lll.eil   lo-lllgllt.      lie   llllH
B'l'fineii nil ins information from works written
ay j-nrtieswhoseinterests i iin hoi know; but
lhe representatives iron Hritish Columbia hnve
p rinnni knowledge of ibis question nml ore
iiioeeil in declaring Hint n different condition uf
"Hairs exist ln that province Irom that which
experience in British Columbia, and by leglsla-
latiou lu the greut nation to the south of us and
down in the Australian colonies, than the views
which nre to be louudin the works of unknown
Uut the lion, member for Guysborough (Mr.
Fraser) furthermore sought to raise a prejudice
against our agitation in this matter, by saying
that we nre copying t he legislation of the united
States Just as we hail taken our protectionist
theories from that nation Well, I do not know
that thc judgement of a nation of TO.oou.ooo people Is io he disregarded altogeter. i think quite
the contrary, but if thore are any objections
from free iraders to our adopting the judgement of that great protectionist nation to tlie
south ou the Chinese question, 1 would refer
tbcmto the colonv of New South Wales. That
colonv, whieh has strong tree trade proclivities,
has passed lhe identical legislation which the
peoplo of Hritish Columbia nre now asking this
Parliament to pass. Hut the point we make is
this, thnt whorever Chinamen have been
brought into contact wilh Anglo-Saxons, whether in thc Coiled Stales or Atislrnlia or arilish
Columbia, there has nee" the same unanimous
desire on lhe part of Anglo-Saxons to be rid of
their presence. Everywhere we And the same
unanimous verdict thai the lwo people cannot
live together ln the same country, to their mutual advantage.
There is another argument which has been
advanced in this discussion, thought do not
know ihnt ll has been strongly advanced, bin it
ls one whieh, if it were well bused, would be one
of the strongest arguments thai could head-
vanced by pro-China advocates. Thnt argument is that undoubtedly, while it would be to
ihe advantage of orltish Columbia io have Chi-
iniuien exciuded, yet thai advantage wouhl be
entirely provincial, and Hint the national trade
oi Canada with China which wouhl be interfered wilh is of more Importance lhan lhe mere
provincial benefits which would neerue to British Columbia from the exclusion of tho Chinese. Now, I have looked this mailer up, and so
far as 1 cau gather from the statistics in lhe
Statesman's Year-book, 1 lind fhal for tne three
years prior to 1803, when the Americans passed
the Exclusion Act, the United states exported
to china goods lo tlie value ol 4,000,(100 taels, und
thut during the three years after thu passage of
that Aet. the annual value exported, avcrugod
0,000,000 taels, or an increase of 50 per eent alter
the Exclusion jVct was brought inloetteet.
lt is therefore idle to contend that if
we raised our restrictions on Chinese
immigration, there would be any falling
oil'in the trade between Canada and
China. The case of the United States
is on all fours with ours. They have
shown greater hostility than the people
of British Columbia have shown and are
now asking the Parliament to give expression to, but notwithstanding that,
the people of China bought 60 per cent
more goods from the United States after
the exclusion Act. There is a reason
for this. The Chinese are not only unsentimental in trade us in otlier things
but ure otherwise very peculiar, _ They
are conservative, they do not wish for
any change in their system of civilisation. They wish to go on, as they have
been golngon for centuries, undisturbed
hy outside nations, and lhe result is
thev look upon all outside countries
with disdain. They do not exercise any
discrimination whatever, but class all
outside people as foreign devils, no mailer to what nationality they belong.
The result is that when they make purchases from these outside peoples it
really makes very little difference to
them whether tiiey purchase from a
Canadian, a German or a Frenchman.
There is another reason which explains
why trade Increased with China, even
in the face of apparent hostility. It is
this. The whole trade with China is
done through commission agents ut the
sea ports ol that country, so that the
Chinese themselves ure not brought into
immediate contact with the people they
purchase from. Therefore, 1 do not
think that we need attach any weight to
this trade argument, when considering
the legislation asked for.
The lion,   member   for  Giiysboroiigb
The Most Complete Stock
Wake up to the fact that if you
invest NOW in Shares of
good reliable
Gold Mining Companies
You stand to make Big Profits,
Will sell to you on terms no other
Broker in British Columbia
Jas. McGregor's
Victoria Crescent.
Carbonating and Bottling
MITCHELL & BUMMING, Proprietor*.
Manufacturers nf Lemonade, Ginger Ale, Sv-
sapurilla, Cider*, Et*.
All Orders Promptly Attended To.
Telephone 20. p. o. Boi 90.
Restaurant and Chop House
Commercial Street.
Oysters in "very style.
Meals, 25c. and upwar-is.
Good Beds, 25c. and upwards.
Spring Chicken always on hand.
spoke of humanity in Bonlieutlno witli
tbis ([iii'stion, itml they suggested that it
is every man's right to gg where he
wishes on this ".lobe without restriction.
Tbe lion, member lor Ouysuorough
spoke of a common fatherhood, and I
shall notenter into that  view of the
rase, but let me point out one fact in
this connection. While it mny be true
that the Chinese do not place any restriction in a technical sense upon tbe
immigration of Canadians into their
country, us a matter of fact that stale*
ment is very far from being correct, in
llie practical sense, for while the Chinese may have no law against Canadians
or British subjects entering China, yet,
as n matter of fact, there aie conditions
there which attain llie smne object. It
is well known that if u white person attempted to enter the Interior of China,
he would simply take his life in his
hands, ami thai is the most effective exclusion that can possibly be inflicted on
nn oulside people, lt seems to me that
when Li Hung Cluing melodramatically
implored the hon.Controller of Inland
Revenue not to abandon him, he hnd,
no doubt, in his mind the fact that he
was about lo enter the far interior of
this country, und, remembering the
massacres of foreigners which have taken
place in the interior oi bis own country,
he feared least a similar fate might
await him here. Just exactly as a white
person on the coast of China would no
doubt have to appeal to the Imperial
authorities of that country for protection, if beatleinpted to enter the Interior, so lil Hung Chang appealed to out
hon. friend: "Do not abandon ns." If
the question of humanity be considered, 1 would Suggest that the highest and
must practical kind of humanity requires that we protect the Interests ol
those who ure nearest and dearest to
Now, there bus ben a question  raised
us to the jurisdiction of lull Parliament
to interfere.    It bus been contended Ihnt
there are International dittlcultiesln the
wny. It appears to mo that it ls ralhei
late In tbe day for these difficulties to
arise. The proper lime [or these ililli-
cultics lo arise. The proper time lor
these difficulties to have been ventilated
was ill 1886 and 1880, when the first restriction was placed upon the Chinese
immigration. We have acted upon that
restriction law for ten yenrs. Having
endorsed the principle lor Ihnt length of
You have to Pay
I divide it up into
So that everyone can have an in
terest in Mining and secure part
ofthe Profits that most assuredly
WILL be made.
lonthly Instalments-
Try Pliilpott's Tomato Catsup
25c. and Bile, per Bottle.
We Never Sleep.       Open Day and Night.
The Nanaimo Bakery Excels.
The Popular Bakers.
Land Agent and Conveyancer.
Town Lots innl Farms for 8alb.   Money to Loam
on Mortgage at lnw rates,
Agent for the United Firo insurance Company
ol Manchester, England.
The Stamp  Mill at Alberni
Is now in operation. When results are known, up go the Shares
of all Alberni Companies.
Trespass Notice.
WHEREAS, Certain evil-disposed persons have been luiliiijx stock on Valde/,
Island, Nanainio Himiict, it iit
BESOLVKD in future tbut nil persons
found truflpaBBitlff on the Wake Kstiile
of 700 acres and Indian Reserve of 1700
adjoining will be prosecuted to the lull
extent, of Ibe law.
(Signed)    BALDWIN II. WAKE.
Sept. 16,189(1.   JOHN HASIIj.
Do Vou Want to Borrow ?
$50(1, rc'piiyi.Me monthly in s yi-nrn, ftC47i50
.fi.nun ropay tibia monthly in jj yoars, ui $ir>,no
$2,000 ropnvable monthly in B yean, at vSoM
Othor amounts in proportion.   Loam made.
nnlv (ni !-'ii*l Mnrtjjiwo nn  Improved Town or
cily property.   ICquitahmi havinmn, Loam and
IK'iiJiiN'i AbhOCIATIONi 34 Toronto St., Toronto.
Iviioui Nu. 14, Jolinulun Muck.
And make money while you have
a chance BEFORE the rise takes
Arlii^toi^ fjotel.
Saving completed the oroction of lhe jtrlingtor.
Hotel nl NANOOBE HAY. this handsome and
commodious hotel ih now prepared to receiver
and comfortably entertain travelers and others..
ls presided over hy MrH. Thompson, and tho-
Table d'tFnte constantly provided with all the-
delicacies oi the season. Comhtucd with the*
elegant furnished apartments, the visitor duds
the surroundings of the most pleasant description.
l-'irst cIh.sh jVecniiiinodatlon. Flre-proof building*
Terms: $1.00 Per Day and Upwards.
Tlie Doon Hotel,
JAS. BENNETT, I'roprleto-i.
Commercial St.,      Nanaimo, B. C
in llie
Emancipation of Mental Slavery
Should hand in their iiumefi at once and)
become members of the
Frcethought Library.
P.O. Box 890.
21 Commercial St., City.
ALWAYB in   stock-
LAMPS, Etc. etc.
Hums ash Animai.h set up in a thorough workmanship manner.
On Hand—Foul* line Dears' Heads,,
which will lie sold lor priee of Netting,
them up.    Also a Hue-ease of Hilda.
d. s. Mcdonald,
09 Haliburton Street, Nanaimo.. 3beBanaimofll>aU
Ed. V. Chambers, Editor and Manager.
Victoria Crescent. Nanaimo. B. C.
*By mail—one year i.eo
"        8ix months *-*©
"        Threemonths 60
.Delivered bv carrier feJoo. per mouth
OCTOBER 6, 1896.
Civic Finances.
It is hardly supposable that the
•object the Free Press has in view,
in its often repeated assertion, to
use its own vernacularism, that the
Council has "over-run the constable"
to the amount of $8,000, is to have
the citizens believe that the members of the Municipal Council are
men wholly devoid of reasoning
ability or average common sense.
If that section of the Council which
our local contemporary kindly
takes beneath its sheltering wing,
was not included amongst the incompetents, we could readily understand the motive. But no exceptions are made, and densly ignorant indeed must the Alderman be,
who has sat at the Council Board
during the present year and not
know the financial standing of the
city, even to the minutest detail.
Yet the Free Press seriously tells
lS its readers that their trusted representatives eat with folded hands,
eerenely happy, in blissful ignorance
of the true state of affairs until it
sounded the tocsin and awoke tliem
li6m their torpor. Doubtless an
attempt will be made to give Aid.
Planta the credit of sounding the
alarm, but this would be, indeed,
begging the question as Aid. Plan*
ta's query hud norefetence'to shortage of revenue ur a probable deficit,
hut the usual clamoring for further
expenditure in the construction of
the Newcastle Townsito sidewalk.
We are moreover very gravely told
that Aid. Planta und Westwood,
assisted by the City Clerk, made a
careful inquiry and report as their
finding that thc ''constable" is the
loser by $5,000. 1 n this connection
we feel justified in asking Aid.
Planta and Westwood a plain question or twi, and in the public interest demand a plain reply. What
additional information did you,
Aid. I'lanta and Westwood glean
in your inquiry, assisted by the
City Clerk, which was nnt already
i.i your possession? If the facts
and figures were in your possession
before, why did you remain silent
until the editor of the Free Press
prodded you into your present
activity? In asking Aid. Planta
and Westwood the above question
we are not prompted by uny spirit
of hostility, but for general information. That our readers may
understand the full significance of
i equesiio 8 kid, 'tmus b bine
in mind that the uuunuiul truns-
.,actions of the cily during tho present year have been so frequently
reported on, that any Alderman
with the least spark of intelligence
could at any time tell whether the
Council or the "Constable" was
ahead. To more fully explain, it
must be remembered that at the
beginning of the year the Finance
Committee prepared a report show-
• ? ing the estimated receivable revenue,
and on such basis appropriated
sums to the different branches of
Municipal service. This report was
adopted by the Council and, of
course, every Alderman would keep
a copy to guide him in his year's
work. To see that the letter and
spirit of the Finance Committee's
report was carried out the City
Clerk's books were posted, balanced
and audited at the end of each
month, a detailed statement of
receipts, expenditures and unpaid
accounts, if any. compiled and a
copy handed to each Alderman. In
addition to this the City Clerk prepares and publishes u quarterly
statement in tho local press. With
these fasts publicly known we can
hardly conceive of any of the Ald-
e.'men making himself so ridiculous in the public eye as to try the
"baby act" and say "I did'nt
know." Nor can we beliove they
will bo so silly as to become the
eats-paw for a well known schemer.
The main issue in this contro
versy, and the one, no doubt, the
citizens are most interested in, is
the question, will there be a deficit
of $8,000 at the end of the year?
Judging from the reports made
public and providing that no un-
forseen liability has to be met, there
is certainly no indication that the
present Council will go out of
office with any greater amount of
unpaid obligations than their predecessors. In a former article we
pointed out that to prove a deficit
at the end of the year it must be
shown that the revenue falls short
of the estimates or that the appropriations have been overdrawn.
No attempt has been made to prove
the latter, but our local sage in the
usual prophetic spirit croaks forth
the prediction that the ratepayers
will not pay their taxes this year.
Aid. Planta and Westwood after
eight months consideration, stimulated by a liberal injection of
Norrisonian virus have come to the
same conclusion.   Time only can
solve the problem.
The Chinese Question Not
a Party Issue.
In our last issue we published a
very able paper re the Chinese
question by Mr. Ralph Smith, the
opening paragraph of which might
create an impression on the mind
of the casual reader not intended
by the writer. The paragraph referred to is as follows: "The eastern feeling on the Chinese question
is a different matter entirely from
what it is represented to be by the
conservative journals of B. C." We
must admit that taking the quotation apart from the body of the
article is liable to be construed to
mean that the Conservative party
of British Columbia, through their
mouth-piece the press are indifferent or opposed to any further restriction of Chinese immigration.
It is needless for us to say that a
plain economic subject like the
Chinese question can never become
an issue in party politics. The
pe'p!e directly affected—the pn-
ducing and wage earning class—
no matter how much they may
disagree on other political problems are a solid unit in favor
of restricting Mongolian immigration. In contradistinction to this wc
tako the tariff, which is also an
economic question, but we find no
such unanimity of opinion amongst
the same people. Those united on
the Chinese question are hopelessly
divided on the tariff issue. Some
holding that a high protective
tariff is necessary, while others believe in absolute free trade while a
third section take a middle course,
or a tariff for revenue only. The
same diversity of opinion is observed amongst the manufacturers and
employers of labor. Consequently
tbe tariff must be treated from a
party standpoint. The only class
in British Columbia who favor the
unrestricted immigration of Mongolian labor are the employees of
labor, and those who have nothing
to fear from their competition and
everything to gain by having ready
to hand an ample supply of cheap
tractable servants, very little removed from the slave standard.
Even amongst the employers of
labor there are some very notable
exceptions; for instance Mr. S. M.
Robins, Superintendent of the New
j Vancouver Coal Co., the largest
employer of labor in the Province,
who has always been outspoken in
his abvocacy of more stringent
restriction against Coolie labor. As
far back as 1884 before the Royal
Commissioners on Chinese immigration, Mr. Robins is reported as
saying that, in his opinion, "it was
not necessary to retain Chinese in
the Province." There are others
amongst the employing class, al*
though less prominent figures than
Mr. Robins, whose minds ;ire broad
enough and perceptions keen
enough to look beyond the petty
gain of tbe present to bcc the dis-
asterous results to tho Province,
ultimately, by having the country
overrun by a horde of Mongolian
laborers of low grade morelly, and
intellectually. It would be a silly
delusion on our part to suppose
that every member of parliament
supporting the Government will be
found in favor of Chinese restriction. . No doubt there are members
on the Government benches who
through sentimental or other
reasons will oppose the proposed
$500 poll tax. But equally certain
is it that there will be many members on the opposition side of the
House as strongly in favor of the
measure as either Mr. Maxwell or
Mclnnes. As to the final result we
have no fear but what the $500 tax
will be carried at the next session
of parliment by a very large majority, composed of both Liberals
and Conservatives, and if that will
not meet the difficulty it will be
followed by a bill of total exclusion.
In the meantime British Columbia
must do its part by keeping the
agitation redhot and making the
petition to the Government a monster one.
The Settler's Rights.
It must be gratifying to the
friends of Mr. W. W. B. Mclnnes
to see how faithfully and wall he is
carrying out his ante-election pledges to the people. Probably the
most important point which Mr.
Mclnnes has so far accomplished is
his successful effort in moving the
Government to make an inquiry
into the claims of the E. & N. Railway Co. to the mineral wealth beneath the homesteads in Cedar District. JA more impudent claim than
that set up by the E. & N. Railway
Co. to the minerals in those lands
is hard to imagine. The land to
which the Company lay claim to
the minerals, was taken up by the
settlers, in many cases, years before
the grant was made to the Company, and the Act specially provides for them receiving other lands
in lieu of the lands already alienated within the Railway.belt There
can be little doubt but what the
Government will disallow the claim.
Ottawa News.
Oct 2.—Although no official
announcement has been made, the
general impression to-night is that
prorogation will take place on Monday. In anticipation of this the
accountant of the House, with the
permission of the Speaker, was engaged all afternoon and evening
pitying members tbe balances due
to them on account of sessioneal in
demnity. There was quite an exodus of members east and west tonight. At 1 a. tn , ill the estimate ■
hail been passed. The proceedings
late in the evening were enlivened
by a wordy war between Messrs
Quinn and Wallace over the administration of the customs department.
Sir Oliver Mowat informed the
Senate to-day that there had been
no settlement of the Manitoba
School question as yet. If it were
not soon reached by compromise,
a conference would be appointed to
investigate the mutter.
The Ontario Conservatives will
hold a convention on Tuesday Oct.
Operaters Strike.
Oct 2.—There is not much
chanco in the situation of the telegraphers strike. Every operator
in B. C. is out on strike. The
Assistant General Manager has
notified the men who are out to
resume work before 5 p. m.to-day,
as their places will be filled by new
men. Although the Supt at Vancouver invited the operators to return to work, nono have responded.
The only telegrapher remaining
at bis post is chief despatcher Good-
fellow. Supt. Abbott has a wire
from the General .Manager to the
e 'ict Ihat there was no likelihood
of a sympathetic strike. One of
the officials has had an interview
with thc other brotherhood of the
road. The C. P. R. officials expected nil existing difficulties
would be soon cleared away. Ace-
ding to a Winnipeg despatch, no
freight is moving, all express business, except prepaid to be left on
platform is declined. The Canadian Pacific is tied up tightly.
—— -»•♦-	
A Schoolboy's Composition of King:
Henry VIII.
A schoolboy being asked to give
a short sketch of the reign of King
Henry tho eighth, gave the following: Henry 8 was the greatest
widower that ever lived, lie was
born iu the year Annie Dominie
1000. He hnd 310 wives besides
children. Tbo first was beheaded,
and afterwards executed. The second was revoked. Henry 8 was
succeed to the throne by his great-
;.r nd-niother, tlie beautiful Mary,
Queen of Scots, sometimes called
the Lady of thc Lake or the Lay of
the Last Minstrel.
Tj\e Ne vV Y ancou Ver
The New Vancouver Coal
Company mine at their
Collieries at and near
Nanaimo the following
The above are supplied in
the foiiowfng Grades, viz: Double Screened, Screened,
Run of tlie Mine,
Washed Nuts and
Washed Screenings.
Prompt Delivery at the Company's
Wharves at Nanaimo and Protection Island.
BY a respectable young woman, a
situation as chambermaid—boarding
house preferred. Apply to tbe Mail
Keeps by far the Largest, Heaviest and
Cheapest Stock of
In this City.
tD^Ahi. Castings   Kept   on   Hand.
Lady as  Housekeeper.    For particulars
apply at this olliee.
People who Appreciate ->
Have their prescriptions dispensed at
.'heir PHoea tire Bight
Telephone 3.
Market, Bastion Street.
Steamers and Shipping supplied on short notice
at Wholesale Prices.
Lodge Notices.
Inkerman Lodge, No. .KB, Sons of St.
George.—Regular weekly meeting is held
in Hubert's Hall, Wharf street, on Saturday evening at 8 o'clock. Visiting
brethren cordially invited to attend.
Fred. Waqstaff, See.
For a Cool Drink
Vol/ fty»   _•        i* Champaonk Cider
ASK. IOl    -.-      V SoDA Watjb
Lawrence's te,C,L
Miuuitactiircrof Temperance Drinks,Syrups,Ac.
Delivered tree to all parts of ellj anil viilnily.
■"T" I'lomiii attention paid to snipping orders.
Telephone 2-4. V. O. Ilox 79.  S»»aimo.
Wholesale and Retail Butchers
Telephone 7-9. Nanaimo, C. C.
Meats delivered freo of charge to all
pur's of tho nity.
Olliee Tel. 110.   P. O. Box 10.   Kesldenco Tel. 101
Funeral Directors
A_j^ Embalmers.
Graduates of the Oriental, thc Knrcka,
the New Vork and Olark'l
Schools of Embalming.
1, 3 nnil 6 Bastion St., Nanaimo
(Commercial HqM
Corner Commercial anil Bastion Sis.
This long-established Hotel is romlm-laMy
fitted up with superior accommodations lor travelers slid othors.
Ti O'CONNBL, Prop.
Arrival and Departure of Mails
Dally ex. Sun
Wellington, Northfield and a.m. a.m.
East Wellington 11.25 8.50
Victoria,Southern States and
places along line of E. & N. Daily ex.Sun.
Railway    8.20 11.50
British and foreign, Eastern
Provinces, Eastern States, Dally ex.Sun.
Vancouverand other places p.m.  p.m.
on Mainland of B.C.    6 .30 5.00
Comox, Union, Union Bay,
Sandwock,Courtenay,Gran-Tues. Fri.
thani, Qualicum, Hornby p.m. p.m.
Island and Dennian Island  8.20 3.00
Salt Spring Island, Burgoyne
Bay, Fulford Harbor.North
Suit Springlsland and Gab-
riola Island   	
Alberni, Parksville, French
Creek and Ellington	
Nanoose Buy	
Departure Bay, daily ex. Sun
Cedar(South), Saturday.   ..
Frl.    Tues
8 20
P. M.
A. ».
11 00
A Full Assortment at the Lowest Market Rates
Promptly Attended to.
All kinds of
Tin and Sheet-Iron Work.
Victoria Crescent, Nanaimo.
AU Materials used in connection with the above
guaranteed to be first-
General Steamship Agency
Parties going to the Old Country
or sending for friends will
By purchasing Tickets from
General Agent.
20c. per MONTH
One year, $1.50.
Six months, 75c.
Three months, 50c.
Job Printing
P. O. Drawer 44.
Telephone 7-1, *•■*
(continued phom pack 2.)
Une, it Heema to me that it is rattier
late in the day to attempt to criticise it
or to attempt to upset it now. But, in
. connection with this question, it is well
to note the fact that, when Earl Li
Hung Chang interviewed the Right
Hon. Mr. Chamberlain in Groat
Britain, and made some kind of
protest against the restriction
which was placed upon this imtni-
?' ration into Canada, Mr. Chamber-
ain informed him that in these
matters the colonies were entirely
self-governing. There we have the
'opinion of one of the highest authorities we can possibly have, that
it ie competent for this Parliament
to deal with this matter us it sees
fit. We have the further fact that
in New South Wales, which is a
British colon}' and in the position
as we are—in fact, in a less advantageous position than we are—
they have placed a restriction of
$600 upon Chinamen coming into
that colony. If they have the juris
diction to pass such a law, surely
we have similar jurisdiction in tins
country. The position, then, is just
this : It has been found in British
Columbia, in fact it has been
found wherever the Anglo-Saxon
race has been brought inlo contact
with the Chinaman, that the presence of the Chinaman is incompatible with the enjoyment by the An-,
glo-Saxon of the opportunities of
his country. And, as there seems
to be no doubt that we have the
right in this Parliament to put further restrictions upon immigration
of Chinamen to this country, 1
hope that hon. mem hers will consider this question from tbe point
of view of those who are most in
contact with the conditions complained against, and those who are
most interested in it, and when, in
the near future, a lietinite proposal
is laid before the House, asking
for relief by restriction upon the
entry of Chinamen in to this
country, hon. members will be prepared to grant that relief, whjch
is so urgently needed and so unanimously desired by the people of
British Columbia.
County Court.
Before Judge Harrison.
Henry Streithorst mado iippl'icnti....
for naturalization papers. Necessary
formalities having been gone through,
the papers were granted.
McManus vs. Badcoek. Mr, Young
for appellant, .Mr. Cane for respondent.
This, was an appeal irom tho decision of
the magistrates al Wellington.
From the evidence it, appears that the
respondent, Badcock, who keeps a shoe
store at Northfield, sent a boy named
Williams to the post office—of which
Mrs. McManus is the postmistress—at I
Northfield forMr. Oharman's mall. Mrs.
McManus made some remark to lhe hoy
about calling for other people's mall
without written authority, and snid
something about the police—whether
referring to the boy or the person who
sent him—was not made dear, Tins boy
carried the report to the respondent iii
sueh a way as tomakehim beiieveit was
made to refer to liim. He then, according to the evidence of Mrs. McManus,
went in an excited state to tho post-
office and in a loud voice—according to
one witness he roared like a bull—called ,
the appellant a liar, at the same time
putting Ids fist in close proximity to tbe
lace of the postmistress. This was repented several times and in the presence
of a little girl named Miiuclie Uiark.
The magistrates dismissed the case
and Mrs. McManus now appealed against
this decision. After the « I tn usees had
given evidence, the judge suggested that '•
some arrangements might be made lie-1
tween the parties, and not leave the
matter to him. An apology for words
used to Mrs. McManus was given, and
the case withdrawn.
Avery amusing matrimonial case
came before Judge Harrison on
Monday afternoon, in which Frank I
Passadena sued John Balagno for!
$127 money lent. Mr. Voting an-1
peared for the plaintiff and Mr.
Simpson for the defendant. From
the opening statementof Mr. Young
it appeared that the plaintiff was
anxious to enter into the ranks of
the Benedicts, and the dofendant
having been informed of his inten-!
tions very considerately entrusted
to a friend a photograph of his'
sister, at that time at the old home
in Italy. This photo was to be
shown to thc defendant who appeared to be charmed with the bewitching beauty of the fair donna
for he at once repaired tothe house
of the defendant, and made a pro*
posal in the presence of witnesses,
that if the girl was brought to this !
country, he would likely marry i
her. Balagno not having the
means of buying a ticket intimated !
OS much to the plaintiff, who at I
.once made an offer, that if she was
"all right, and up to the photograph," to advance enough money
to bring her to this country. Balagno accepted his offer and $127 was
handed over with the understanding", according to the plaintiff, that
if she did not come up to the description, or refused to marry him,
the money was to be refunded. The
defendant however in his statement
said that the agreement was that if
Passadena did not marry the girl,
then he was to lose his money, but
if the girl refused to marry him,
the money should he repaid. The
jfirl came out, and Balagno notified
the plaintiff who came around to
•M how he would like his venture.
Considerable amusement was created in the examination of the defendant who described the preparations he made for the meeting in
the best parlor and secured them
from interruption. But the plaintiff evidently changed his mind
, after spending an hour in her com-
; pany, for he went away promising
to come again the next evening, the
lady waited, but waited in vain,
for her lover never returned.
Passadena's contention was that
the girl was not according to description; she was 3 inches tooshort,
and she had a wry neck. So he
asked the court to order Balagno to
refund the amount advanced to him
in May last.
The counsel had considerable
difficulty in getting at the facts, all
the parlies being Italians, with a
very limited knowledge of English,
at one time two interpreters having
' to be sworn together, one to check
the other.
The learned judge looked upon
the matter as a contract, and scored the plaintiff severely. He said if
he was silly enough to enter into
any such arrangement, he must
stand by it. Verdict for defendant
with costs.
Thompson vs. Sharp, an action
to recover board for defendants
child.    Action dismissed.
Stark vs. A. Ruper. Case to
stand adjourned.
Editorial Notes.
We w< old call . ur readers intention to Mr. Mclnnes' speech on
the Chinese question which we
publish in full in this issue of the
.Mail. A more forcible exposition
of the evil is hard to find.
Ofit attention has been called to
the necessity of something being
done toward forming a society for
the prevention of Cruelty to Animals in this City, Many instances
of cruelty to horses by fast driving
have come to the notice of the
Mail, We believe there is enough
public sentiment in the City to
stand by any oflicer endeavouring
to put a stop to the practices which
are so prevalent.
Choice Groceries Cheap
IHI.M P-ll   AT
Robinson's, the Wallace Street Grocer.
Choice Butter and Tea a Specialty.
ALL FREIGHTS left on the
Nanaimo Wharf Co.'s Wharf
will be at owners' risk,
A. li. JOHNSTON & CO., Wharfingers.
Mr. A. Barnes returned last Saturday
from the Comox District where be had
been for ten days In tha interest, of the
antl-Monj-ollan committee in seuuring
signatures to the petition to be sent to
parliament next session. Mr. Barnes
reports a very favorable lour, Imvlnj* secured close on 500 signatures. It appears that our Com ox friends are as
anxious to got rid of tbe Mongolian pest
ns we are,
Mr. Ralph Smiib lias consented io
write us a scries of articles on the labor
question, giving bis Impression of the
movement in tbe East.
Mr. J. M.Coidell is leaving Protection
Island ami is now offering bis two boats,
one u sail-boat 17 ft. keel and the other
a row-boat 18 ft. keel, in a drawing to
Hike place on Nov. 1st, Tickets are one
dollar each. Tbe sail-boat will be first
I'li-*-' and the row-boat second. Mr.
Corriell leaves the management ofthe
drawing to a committee of ticket-holders
who will meet at Shaw's boat bouse at
ii p. in. on llie above dale anil conduct
the drawing. Mr. Shaw is the builder
of the boats and can give any information desired. (i-O-iJ iu.
Personal Mention.
Capt. Gibson, came up from
E. G. Van Ilouten, came up from
Mr. J. B. Holmes, of Comox,
came down by the Joan on Saturday.
Mr. H. L. Law, of Alberni, came
up to-day, and took the stage for
Dr. Ernest Hall, purposes leaving Victoria shortly to take up his
residence in Rossi und.
Rev. T. W. Hall, Jas.  W. Hall
and Miss Jessie Hall   are in Westminster taking in the fair.
Ship Elwell is loading at the
Bark Wilna has arrived from
Vladivostook, Russia.
Ss. Peter Jebson finished loading
and sailed for Los Angeles on Sunday.
Ottawa News.
Oct. 5.—Parliament was prorogued to-day with the usual ceremonies.
Captain Pemberton, of the War
office, is here en route to the Coast
to inspect the fortifications now in
progress at Esquimalt.
Operators Strike.
Oct. 6.—There is no change in
the state ofthe strike, the men still
remain out, and remain firm. The
situation for the C. P. It. is regarded as critical, owing to the fact that
navigation closes in about thirty
days, and the great crops of the
North West remain unmoved.
At Toronto tho chief difficulty in
the way of filling the vacant places
is the hostility of outsiders  to the
men replacing the strikers.
A 16-year-old boy killed himself in Alameda on Tuesday because he saw no hope in life. He
worked eighteen hours a day for
four dollars a week. If this was
not slavery, what was it?—S. F.
Brlhn O'Lynn had no boots to wear,
So lm came to Nanaimo to buy him ft pair;
"I'll havo one pair of thick and one pair of thin,
If I can Had Whitfield's," says Brian O'Lynn.
He hunted the stores all "Ions the main route,
Says he: "The rlt*ht one I've not yet found out.
I want Whllllehl—I'll buy ouly from him,
For he sells the cheapest," says Brian O'Lynn.
He stepped a littlo west of Albert streot:
He saw Whitlleld's sign—sure 'twas a treat;
lie opened the door and Ueorjje stood within—
" I've found It al last," says Hrlan O'Lynn.
We showed him our calf boots, kid and cowhide,
The ones wc praise most—no seams at the side.
We've l»»n.ts of nil kinds from Quebec and Ilerliu.
" Sure you've boots for the million," says Hrlan
O'Lynn. [no trash
He bought liim his boots, which of course were
He paid down his money, for we sell only for
To tlte public he says: "He nol taken in, [cash.
Buy only from Whitfield," says Brian O'Lynn
"If there's a leak ln the toe or side of your shoe,
.lust take it to Whitfield, that's all you need do;
He wil] peg it or patch lust while you are in.
And the charge seems like nothing," says Brian
WHITFIELD, the Shoe Man,
Victoria Ckkscext, Nanaimo.
Vaoaimo Business Directory
iAKKER & POTTS, Barristers and Solicitors.
Commercial street.
ri    1*. CANE, Barrister aud Solicitor, Room 11
IT.   Johnston Block.
TfclNNES & McINNES,   Barristers,  Room C,
lu.  Johnston Block, Commercial street,
YABWOOO & YOUNG, Barristers, corner ot
Commercial and Bastion streets.
rit   HARDY, Botanic Druggist, Winlicld Ores
J.,   cent.   Try Hardy's Pile Ointment.
R. MASON, Dentist    KxirncHii-* a Hi-efiMlty
Ousand Ktlicradmin^tercd.
OHlce, (Md-Fellow'B Mock, Nanaimo.
J. CURRY, D. D. 8., Uruen Block.
tiluK*** work guaranteed.
fiKESCKNT PHARMACY. Hall Astrakhan.
v proprietors. Victoria CreBi'unt. Dispensing
and family recipes a specialty.
If cnoWEfX, ATKINS, WATSON CO., Limited.
i-U- Medlca) llttll, corner commercial and Bastion streets.   Telephone 1-3-5.
NANAIMO   DYK   WORKS.—DyeingT^leanlng
and Repairing    14 Nicol street.
C. CHaklton, Manager.
G    MARSH, Wholesale  Dealer In  Fish  and
•     Ciime, Bastion Street, Nanaimo.
M   WOLFE, Financial and Insurance Agent,
•   Johnston Block.
1/or.-:MAN A. HARDY, Heal Kstatc Broken-
■     Bastion street.
D   TAYLOR, Dealer jn all kinds of New and
• Second -Hand Furniture, and Fancy Articles ol every description.
Masonic building.
TOS. M. BROWN. Watchmaker. Watchw.
O and Clocks carefully (-leaned and repaired
Corner Church and chapel streets.
Corporation of the City of Nanaimo, B.C.,
From 1st January, 1896, to 30th September, 1896.
Cn.sli on Imiul lst January, 189U   $
Bank Balances at January 1, 1890—
Special rates aeuoont iffl,(i38 84
Streets Improvement Loan account,
unexpended     s;i!) 14
Fire Hall nnd Hydrant account....    47;i 75
General account      1117 in—
Taxks—Real Estate tax   1
Keal Estate tax arrears  1
Revenue lux     2,
Dox tax	
Commercial Travellers' tux	
Special ratrs—
Sirccis Improvement rate	
"     nrrei
Bastion Street Bridge rate 	
.. u II II
Firo Hall und Hydrant rate ...
0 53
8,148 02
0,500 65
School Erection rate	
" " "   arrears 	
Commercial St. filling rate	
"             "       "       " arrears.
Rock crusher rate	
Miscellaneous—Police Court fees, . 450
City Pound fees   200
Schools per capita grant      3,204
Schools construction grunt  8,000
Contract deposits   310
Ijoun Bank of 11. C 18,90*0
Rebate on bond premium  5
Deposit for street line  6
Tax salo redemptions  00
Rent of City bull     54
Interest from Heal Estate taxes iu
iirrcurs  30
Kent of Park Puvillion  7
Cily Bcale fees  23
Interest—Gas works debentures.... 00
Special rale account  30
Commercial St. filling debentures. 500
Fire Hull unexpended balance  25
00- 1,037 31
8,098 00
00- 20,310 83
27—      600 58
4 51,428 72
Coupon Interest, viz:—
Street Improvement Debenture account  3,000
Bastion   street   bridge  debenture
account  300
Fire Hall  and hydrant debenture
account  600
Schools erection debenture account 600
Commercial  street filling  debenture account  6(Ki
Street lighting   3,490
Police department  3,175
Jail department  844
City offices   2,789
City pound     260
Schools     16,804
Fire department   1,4:14
Elections  175
Leper station  127
Coroner's Inquest!  95
Legal     896
City hall     105
Sanitary  42
Charities  289
Donations  264
City park   7
Contract deposit refunds  820
Interest on loans  272
Street line deposit refund  6
Repayment of loans  6,900
Redemptions of land (tax sale)  60
City scales repairs   22
Sl rent repairs  6,769
Mayor's fund   437
Bank Balances at, September 30, 1896, \if.
Street improvement  loun  account
unexpended  830
Special rules account  2,370
General account Bank of B. C  490
Cash on hand 	
25—   5,006 26
00— 42,636 53
3,700 26
85 68
  »6I,428 72
Examined and found correct,
n . k.. *',«-; TVUY BOYCE, Auditor.
October 6,1896.
You Like tbe Best a' Latest
And this season we )
are showing all the |
our Mm foal Hals w\ Bonnets
Great Gash Dry Goods & Men's Furnishings Store
Commercial St., Nanaimo, B. C.
"•I.E.P.S. I*
:       WE HAVE JUST RECEIVED the Most Complete
and Best Values in
Fall Hosiery
:       Of any house in  British Columbia.    Sec our All- f
:       Wool Hooks, black, at 40c.    They nre fine value.
Ladies' All-Wool Hose, 25c. and 35c; good value.
The Celebrated
Health Brand of Underwear
:       We carry in large assort incut  for Women, Misses
:       and Children.   Large assortment in
Men's Underwear
:        At the best value for the money to be got.
Our Comforters
:        Are the best.    See tho Eider Down  Comforter at
:       $5.00 und $5.50.
Dress Goods
In the Newest and Latest Styles. Our Tweed Effects
:       at 25c. and 30c. are great value.    Our stock of
Ready-made Clothing,
Waterproof Hats and Caps, Ties, Shirts, Umbrellas,
:        etc., is now complete.
Call and See Them Before Buying Elsewhere.
Are now ready for your inspection, the
designs, quality and styles being the choicest from the looms in Great Britain.
Have also a job line of 100 suits of
Which I will sell for $27, the best value
ever shown in Nanaimo. Soliciting your
esteemed orders, and thanking you for
past patronage, respectfully yours,
Commercial Street.
Shirts, Collars and Cuffs
^—  , DONE  BY THE        	
fr ioneer Steam Laundry
mm. It By so doing you will PATRONIZE WHITE LABOR
■^   j And help to GET RID OF THE CHINESE!
Dye Works in connection. mm
P. O. Box 96. D. It. STEWART, Proprietor.


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