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Nanaimo Courier Apr 7, 1889

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The : Nanaimo : Courier
The  Largest   Circulation.
.■
"  'Eg
THE   :   COURIER
'Excellent Advertising Medium'
VOL.
NANAIMO,    B. Ci,   SUNDAY.    APRIL   7th,    1889.
No.   36.
SPENCER   &  PERKINSJ on cable let
NEW GOODS ARRIVING EVERY DAY.
— WAIT   FOR—-
m
PUMP  W
mum .u   ui 11
OF   MILLINERY    AND    MANTLES
On  Friday April  5th, 1889.
DON'T FORGET—ALL NEW GO< IDS.    NO OLD STOCK.
•f On and after April ist store will open at 8 a.m. and
close at 7 p.m., Salurdays io p.m.
SPENCER & PERKINS.
March 31st
DELMONIOO    RESTAURANT
0_t_T_>i"0__L Street, _*r_._____.lx___o, _B. O.
H.    DEMPSEY,    Proprietor.
	
THIS   RESTAURANT   HAS  BEEN RECENTLY   FITTED UP   IN
FIRST-CLASS STYLE.
FURNISHED ROOMS, SINGLE OR IN   SUITE, CAN BE HAD AT
ANY T IME.
GOOD SAMPLE ROOMS IN CONNECTION.
COAL!
THE
Vancouver Coal Mining
* AND   LAND   CO.   (LIMITED.)
THE   WELL-KNOWN   NANAIMO AND SOUTHFlELD   STEAM,
GAS,   AND    HOUSE   COALS   ARE   MINED   ONLY   BY
THIS   COMPANY,  AT   THEIR ESPLANADE AND
SOUTH FIELD COLLERIES,  NEAR   THE
PORT   OF   NANAIMO.
OCEAN STEAMERS AND THE   LARCEST DEEr-SEA VESSELS
LOAD AT THE COMPANY'S  WHARVES AT ALL
STATES OF THE TIDE AND RECEIVE
PROMPT  DISPATCH.
OPPENHEIMER   BROS.,
_R 1 O ___T _EJ *___! H.
(Wholesale Grocery House,
100 and ..02 Powell Street, Vancouver, B. C.
FOR    SALE
'wo Million Bricks
BY   THE
I0NEER   STEAM   BRICK   YARD.
COUGHLAN   Si   MASON   Prop, iktors,  VICTORIA,   B.   C.
Post Office Box no.
A. R. JOHNSTON k Co.
trnpoiters k Commission Mrtits
BASTION STREET & GORDON'S WHARF,
NANAIMO.
a. ;fu___i_ __,i_sr___ op
Finest   Groceries   and   Fresh   Provisions
KEPT   IN   STOCK.
Ships    Disbursed   and   Supplies   Furnished
Families and shipping supplied, goods delivered to all
parts of city and vicinity.
'Definite News of. Stanley's
Whereabouts
EXPECTED THP EBESEHT MOITTH.
Prosecution o? Newspaper, by f_9rm_o
Government—Dov.ager Duchess
of Cumberland Dead,
_GENT   FOR   PACIFIC   COA.F     STEAMSHIP   COMPANY
AGENT FOR THE EAST COA.T STEAMSHIP CcM. ANY.
London, April (!,—An attache of thp
Hritish Foreign Oflice, in nn interview lo-
day respecting the probable movements of
H. M. Stanley during the past seven
months whi-h the explorer's feller, published on Wednesday, leaves unsolved,
stafed that Lord Salisbury had no doubt
that definite news regarding Stanley's
present whereabouts would be received
during the present month, nnd that certain events which had transpired in Central Africa during the past three months
pointed conclusively tn the fact tbnt the
ureat explorer was not only alive, but succeeding in aocomplishinn the work be undertook. He started on tbe expedition
beyond the most sanguine hopes of the
English Premier. "Of course," snid tins
•'cntlemnn, "the expedition wns ostensibly to relieve Emin Pasha, but it also had
for its object the great work of opening
the counlrv to civilization. That Ibe
former hns been accomplished, so fir as
Emin's wishes were concerned, no one
doubts, and those who have road from
lime to time the necounts of the recent
victories of El Senoussi .er Klhalfa's
forces, and bis rapid march through Dor-
I'our and Kordofan to Khartoum, nt which
place he is reported this afternoon, can
doubt that Stanlev has succeeded where
others have failed In obtaining the powerful aid of the Veiled Prophet of the oasis
of Simah to accomplish tno second part
of his talk. Since th. Gordon massacre
repeated attempts had been made through
the ngencv oi African travellers and others
tn win El Senoussi's sympathies for the
suffering people and prisoners whom the
Mahdl ruled with an iron hand, and
treated with the utmost cruelty. But to
nil these representations no answer was
returned beyond the mere statement Hint
his business wns with the souls of his
people, and not their material well-being I
Stanley pla-ed the matter so strongly I
before one of the agents of El Senoussi
and showed him that the Mahdl not
content with usurping pnrt of the kingdom
was even endeavoring bv cruel men. ores
to proselyte all the tribes of the Soudan,
from Sennus-d-Y.-i. Many nf the aye-its
of ElSenocssI in Northeastern Africa, also
gave Bllch vivid pictures of tbe ruin nnd
misery which Ibe Mahdi bad spread from
one end of the Soudnn lo tbo oilier, tbnt
El Senoussi enst away
TUE  VEIL FROM   HIS  FACE
and came forward, as he himself declared
in the interest of religion and humanity,
and to crush Mnhdiisni, resjore thc Soudan to peace and order, and to Egypt. Before thc outbreak of Mahdiism all
the tribes of the Soudan who were
not idoloters were Senoussia-Ya, a religious confederacy whose influence is felt,
from Tripoli to Zanzibar. Hut nowhere hail religion heen more warmly accepted than in Darfour, Wady and the
neighbor-boring stales, which border upon
Lake Chad, until theMahdi's attempt to
stifle it with .his iron fanaticisms.
El Senons.i is the only man in Africa
who has the power to crush tbe Mahdi
and restore Soudan to place and order,
thus opening Africa to civilization. Any
day may bring news that El Senoussi hns
taken Andiirmnn, nnd Khartoum, and
that the reign of the Mahdi is at an end.
A semi-official announcement on Thursday that the prosecution of the Yolks-Zei-
tung for defaming the memory of Emperor William, was undertaken at the demand 01 lhc present Emperor', has excited
a feeling of distress among statesmen,
both in England and on tho Continent,
regarding the future of < lermany. About
three weeks ago the German court of appeals rendered a decision that it was open
to any Judge lo order the confiscation of
any n ens paper, in which there appeared
nny matter that can he construed as libel,
and it was Ihen predicted Hint tbe pre, c-
dent would surely be extended. 'Pie suppression of the Yolks Zeitung by Ibe president 01 police, followed shortly afterwards, and it is much stronger application of an nnalagous doctrine. The president of police based his action on the law
against those efforts of social democracy,
which involved danger to the Commonwealth. The passage which offended the
police and Euperor was tlie following:
"Should they arise to-day, the dead who
repose in Fredrlchstatn, the bitterest feeling would awake in their hearts. Only a
feeling of tho deepest shamo remains to
the living How many feel
Ibis we know not, bn. this we know that
they are a bend which grow s from day to
day and in the name of those brave and
true ones we salute to-day, men who
(ought On the 18th day of March, living
as well ns dead with grateful feeling.
These sentences appeared on the lS'.li day
of March, Ibe anniversary of Hie fight between ihe troops and tbepeople of Berlin
In 1848, For tlie bloodshed which took
place nt tbnt time the government alone
was responsible.   Tlio policy of
srn-in REPBSSSION
Had been followed for thirty years against
tbo people in every sense,   ripe   for  self
government.   The  king in tbe uneasy j
times that preeeeded   tlio  troubles,   had
premised ;o make good tne pledges of Ins
father and had begun to make concessions
nbout the realizations of which he hesitnt-1
ed,   Public agitation was great and was
Increased by the king's shilly  shallying,
Ou the I81I1 of March a crowd assembled
at the palace without apparently any Idea
Other than that of a peaceful demdnetru-
. tion. The king and his ndvlsers lost (hell
I beads and allowed tbe officers free hands,
' Tbe people were fired upon aud the result
, was a perfectly Inexcusable massacre
[The Volks Zeitnng referred lo eilizeiiF
; who were killed on (hat day whom il mil)
, fairly consider martyrs in Ibe cause of
free Institutions,  That German llberalt
who survive from 18.x should regard Ibe
present regime with shame is natural.
I I-!verv one of the ideals for which they
j worked are now working in (lermany in
i dust. Tin- president of police endeavored
I to brand ns soi inl democracy the sensible
remark*! ef the Volks Zcitung. He knew
well enough thai Ibe paper was no! a
social deniocratie organ, bul under the
ordinary law he had no excuse tosnpprcs"
•il. Being advised Ihnl the Volks Zeitung
would gnin a legal victory if tlie case went
lt(j the .(tarts oh the chnr.o made by th-
president of police, the Emperor comes
forward to prosecute tbe paper nn tbe
ground that it defamed the memory of
bis grandfather a charge if anytbin
more ridiculous. Several eminent German lawyers predict that it will be nn-
;other Gi-ifi-ken case.
' 'Lord C'rrts... Secretary of Slate for India
:h,isarranged a conference lielween ihe
millers and tho vairons chairmen of
C'linnibers of Commerce throughout Kng-
lunil to discuss Ihe hest means of improving the conditions In which Indian wheat
arrives in Great Britain. There is good
reason to believe tbnt dirt and inferior
seed nre mixed with Indian wheat to mid
to profits nnd that tho Bvstem of "fair
average qualities" bv which acceptance of
cargoes is now governed lends itself to
shell frauds. It is proposed in order to
get rid of this insufficient rule of fair average rjnalitv to substitute that if any cargoes shall contain nn excess of 2 per cent
of such dirl ami mixture the defect must
be accounted for bv n reduction of the
prices. This would improve the Indian
wheat trade and perhaps indirectly assist
British agriculture hv inakingpricen more
equitable. At present it is claimed thai
shipments nf Indian wheat contain II! per
cent of dirt and inferior seed.
Italy's anxiety to obtain a protectorate
on the Somali consi is puz/ling the minds
of the British statesmen. Not long ago shi
nlaeed her flag at Ihe mouth of the Jul-
liver, just on the equator, but was warned
off and retired nfter some bluster. Non-
she has moved six degrees further north
and succeeded In persuading somo poor
chief at Oppia or Hepia to accept, her pro
tectlon. Here there is a bitof harbor and
amber is sometimes cast upon the beach,
hut the whole country is one great desert
of ssnd, no game and poor and scanty
population. Italy's object is to obtain a
sort of backdoor to Shoa. She is not likelv
to be successful, she will have to pass
among tho troublesome Somalia and
through a region which is now regarded
as within British sphere of influence.
AN INCREASE WASTED.
London, April 6.—The Mine Masters of
Northumberland refused to grant thc advance
in wages demanded by ihe colliers. There is
no certainly yet as to the course the men will
pur-ue in consequence of the refusal.
UNITED STATES NEWS!
SUPREME 00U1T.
THIS AUD THAT.
It is. alas, the life-insurance agent who
says most heartily and enthusiastically to his
customer, ('I am delighted to see you looking
so well, sir."
The juryman who sleeps through the whole
tri. 1 and awakes and listens to the charge of
the judge is the safe man. He knows seme-
tluug; the other eleven are only muddled
with the evidence.
"How jaded your horse looks, cabman!"
remarked an old lady as she dismounted from
the cab. -'Is not the bit uncomfortably
large for his mouth?"
"Il ain't the big hit in his mouth, mum:
it's the small bit in his stomach ;" and, looking at the shilling she tendered for her fare,
he added, "it doesn't seem as ifit'l! get much
larger either."
Jones, who is in had health, but improving,
returns home, whereupon the wife of bis
bosom says—
"Well, and how are you now?"
Jones: "lletter. In fact, I feel quite another man."
"Wife: I'm glad to hear il. I was getting
tired of the old one." Jones continues lo
improve.
There is a shopwalker in one of the large
drapery establishments, whose great lo_s
paint toward each other in the most friendly
manner.
"Whal will you have, madam?" said he to
•n Irishwoman, who was looking hopelessly
about.
"Calico."
•'Walk thin way.''
"Walk lhat way, is it? Sure, I'd have
you know, Sur, thai my legs is not built ikal
way, sur, and I couldn't walk that way if
you'd give me the whole shop, sur."
The Severest Snow Storm of
the Season in tlie
UNITED    6_A_ES     fESTEEDAY.
L'.i-.l    Lon-ibb's   Arctic   Expedition
HearJ Frou.- Lor 3.I11I0 ami his Party
Are iu C'roi Health.
1 on fool
in   little I
iluigak on ;
train I
OHUEOHJKOTIOES.
ROMAN   CATHOLIC.
St. Peter's Wallace street, Rev. J. Du
rand. Service, morning, every other Sunday
at the hour of 9 anil II, a. m.; evening service 7 o'clock.
PRESBYTERIAN.
St. Andrew's, Fit?. William street, Kev.
James Millar. Morning service 11 o'clock;
evening service 7 o'clock. Sunday school,
2 p. m.. Prayer meeting every Wednesday
evening at 7:30,
METHODIST.
Rev. Joseph Hall, Pastor. Services '*
II, a.m. and 7, p. in.: Sunday school and
Bible class at 2, p. in.. Prayer meeting
Thursday at 7:30, p. 111.
st. Paul's cm-r<h.
Episcopalian—Services held at 11 a.m.
and 7 p. ni. Sunday school at 3 p. 111.
Kev. J. B. Good, Hector.
WILLI NO TON,
Rev. F. Chamberlain, pastor,
tbe usual hours.
i.oiid l.oxsini.r: s 1:.. icnm >x.
Philadelphia, April li.-A letter received
at.Bothlehem from Mr. Wolf, a Moravian
Missioi ary, stationed at Nrishaget,
Alaska, giving details of Lord Lonsdale's
expedition to- Ibe Arctic circle station, is
situated near Port Alexandria, on Bristol
Hay, in Int. 50 degrees north, IDS degree,
longitude. Lonsdale arrived al the .Mission on Doc. Llth last year niter n voyage
of 4090 miles overland from Balks
land. He remained nt tlie Mission for a
month. His journey from Balksland
ended with grent dangers. Snow was
drifted in seme places so badly that the
sleds were of no use, and tlie party had
to take lo snow shoes. 1 In the Ist nf 1 lee.
tbe thermometer registered 105 degrees
below /.ro. Food was scarce, .hare and
reindeer being the only game available,
md verv hard to find, Lonsdale estimates he travelled bv dog train an
19,000 n.il! s from Wii 1, 1 eg.
more (ban n
January  14th, end with  his d
started across the peninsula to ECatwl, on
th * North Pacific, thence going to Kotliac
whaling station, die intended to hike u
vessel there for an American port.
Dakota's scourge.
St. Pan], April ti.—Shocking details oi
thc casualties and losses in tho
prairie lire continue to come In. Thousands of dollars worth of property have
liean destroyed. Within ten miles of
Freeman thlrtv-two families lost home,
machinery, grain and bay. and a great
amount of stock. The burned-out tinfor-
'iinnto families are entirely destitute and
without food or shelter. In Douglas
county the house of William Cline was
burned, Mrs.Ollnp perishing in the flames.
She was 70 years old, and was Ihe mother
oi W. Cline, attorney of Douglas county.
Near Oakwood Late Miss F. Goodfellow
wns so badly burned thai she will die. In
Illicit county fully 100 families lost their
nli. Two women were burned to dentil
near Chamberlain.
THE  NOVA  SCOTIA   GOLD  MIXES  A  FAILURE.
New York, April 0.—The failure of the
attempt to partially work the gold mines
of tfbvd Scotia,is confessed by ibe application in the Supreme Court to-day by a
majority of the trustees of the Essex Gold
Mining Company for voluntary dissolution. In Ihe petition it is stated that the
company's only assets are some mining
propertv nt, Tangier, N. S., and about
$500 in hand. The recent experiment in
crushing the ore product of the mine
proved a failure, anil tl.e dissolution is regard as best for all concerned.
A   HEAVY  . N'OW STORM.
Pittsburg, April 0.—Tho heaviest snow
storm of tiie season is prevailing in this
section. It began about 10 o'clock last
night, and has been snowing ever since.
The snowfall is about eight inches up to
10 o'clock this morning, but in the mountains railroad men report from eighteen
inches to two feet. Trains are all behind
time, but no accidents are reported. The
storm seems confined to the western part
of the State.
Charlottesville, Va., April 1!.—Another
heavy snow storm, accompanied hy thunder and lightning, prpraisea to be the
deepest oi the winter.
A SEVERE SSfOW   BTOBlf.
Washington, April 11.—A snow storm
set in here early this morning and con
tinned till early in the nftern
chi nged to rain and sleet. T
accompanied by occasional flashes of
lightning and heavy thunder. The streets
und sidewalks are covered villi slush and
deserted by pedestrians. Telegraph wires
leading out ol the city a- well as in town
are badly broken up and crossed in every
direction. Advices received from the
south report a heavy fall of snow in West
Virginia and considerabl damage and serious interference In telegraphic communication. Twelve inches of snow are
reported fallen last night and to-day on
Ihe Blue ridge mountains.
A I'Ol'RT MARTIAL ORDERED.
Washington, April I).—The president
this afternoon ordered a court martial for
the trial of Major A. Amies, charged with
conduct unbecoming an olliccr nnd gentleman. The specifications will include
Major Ariues'assault on Governor Heaven
and his conduct on inauguration day during parade.
A   FATAL   ACCIDENT.
Chicago. April &.—Effie Filler, tho ten
year old daughter of Mrs. W. A. Filler, of
Arkansas City, Ark., who, with her two
children is ou ber way lo Columbus,
Ohio, fell out of a cab this morning near
the corner of Dearborn and Van Buren
streets and was run over and killed. Tlie
accident  was  caused hy  the cab  horse
r>f,irt H_ Lor<:s',»p H, P. P. Create.
I    His Lordshin opened this court at 1:30
j p. m., yesterday.
Mr. T. Davie, Q. ('., applied for a mandamus lo compel the magistrates of
Ibis city to issue a licence to the Palace
Hotel, Skinner street.   In support of the
I application Mr. Davie contended that of
the eight justices of the peace on the
Licencing Bench, four, viz., Messrs. S.
M. Robins, II. Cooper, ,fas. Abrams, and
.1. P. Planla, were in favor of granting the
license, and that of tbe four opposed to
the granting of the license, three were not
qualified to sit on a licensing bench, as
they were interested in various saloon
businesses in Ihe cily. Mr. ,1. Pawson
in fuiil (n he Interested in the Old Flag,
end Mr. D. Smith in the Identical. Mr.
A. Shaw was demurred against as lie had
signed the petition protesting against the
issuance of any more licenses in this city.
!    Mr. Eberts, of Fberts A Taylor, appear-
J ed for Mr. .1. Pawson and said that his
client had not been notified of this ease,
and that they had to depend on others for
a copy of the preliminary proceedings.
He wished lo raise the following objection
before asking for an adjournment of the
case.
1. He contended that the court held,
was not a legally constituted court from
. j the fact that the municipal council had
' never passed a by-law to regulate the
issuance of hotel and other licences,
and the Bench would, therefore, have to
be constituted under the Licensing Act,
which only provided for courts to be held
in June and December.
2. Tbnt the court that sat on March
Iulh ult. was not qualified, and all their
proceedings were null and void.
3. That as the municipal council had
failed to pass tbe necessnry by-law the
Municipalities Licensing Act was not in
operation in Nanaimo, nnd that the licens*
ing court could only lie held in June or
December.
His Lordship said flint if Mr. F.berts'
objections werb correct, then all the acts
by the Licensing Bench in March and
Septemlier for many years past were null
and void.
Mr. Davie argued that as the License
. Act was passed in 1875 it would super-
Dakota scde the Municipality Act. The Municipality Act provided for Licensing Courts
to sit four times in each municipality
within the year He further remarked
that if what Mr. Eberts had said were
correct, then neither the Mayor nor Reeve
could sit on the Bench unless they were
Justices of the Peace. The courts created
by the Municipality Act had sat unquestioned several years.
Mr. Eberts said that the consolidatien
this year made all laws on the subject new
and equal as to date.
His Lordship remarked that the consolidation did not make them new laws. It
was clear that the Court had a right to
sit on March 18th nnd September 15th, as
die Municipality Act over-rode the License
Act within the municipality and created
a new court. The rule of law was that
the latest act on a subject always had the
first say. His Lordship decided the court
had a perfect right to sit on March 15th,
and over-rnled the objection accordingly.
Mr. Eberts then applied for an adjournment.
Mr. Davie said he Would not object to
an adjournment if tlie local magistrates
would grant a temporary license. He
stated that the court would have the power to do so, ns the Lieutenant-Governor
would prorogue the House at 3 o'clock
that afternoon.
His 1-ordship remarked that if a license
were granted, it would be a popular one,
and not a legal license.
Mr. Eberts said it was no part ef his
retainer to object to the granting of a tem-
liorary license to Mr. Morrello by the
Mayor. He was simply appearing, for
Mr. Pawson, who had no interest in the
matter beyond his position as a Magistrate.
Mr. Davie desired the Judge to recommend that n special license be issued to
the Palace Hotel, but His Lordship remarked that lie wns very jealous of his
rights as a Judge, and as it was no part oi
his duty, lie objected to interfere with
Mavor Bate's right to issue a license or
not, ns he pleased.
Mr. Davie said thai a temporary license
1  when it S'lve n0 vested rights and was only good
storm was I till  the  next  silting  of t he  Licensing
'   '   ' Court.
The case was Ihen adjourned till neit
Tuesdav at Victoria.
SHippima iTEWs.
IS
v.  C.   CO.
The  ship  Wilnn.  Captain Porter,
loading coal for San Francisco.
Ship America, Captain Gilisou. sailed
this morning for San Francisco with 3,150
tons of V. C. Co.'s coal.
WELLINGTON.
Shin Richard 111 is loading coal ior San
Francisco.
FnoM THE   NORTH,
Tlie steamer Rustler arrived last night
from the North with the following passengers: J Letheraalo, W Blaney and W
Birdsall from Cortez Island. W Eaton, J
Gemmell, J Hanlon and Fred Kelly from
Texada.
FOE TEXADA.
The steamer Bustler left Hirst's wharf
last night for Texada, having on board
the following passengers: M Bray, J
Greenwell, of Wellington, R Watkins, H
R James, W C llalleck. James Pierce
nnd W Gillis. Mr. W C Halleck and Mr.
James go to look at the island in the In-
a.vi,n.n «is .'.nisei iv me can uor.-w terest of several capitalists. Mr. Hi
stumbling, throwing tbe child against the  Bray says he will bring the   Nutcracker
door, which   being  insecurely   fastened, j down in his bag. 	
came open and allowed her to'fall out and        _ I     •*"*; ,       „ ,
under the wheel of thecal). The driver,1 'Passengers in this bus will do well te
was arrested. The (lend child and mother j loo.k »fl*r their pockets, said a I.o.doi
are al McCev's  hotel,  where an   inquest! policeman a 1 the door of a crowded omnibus
Services at
was held. _
New Millinery, Fashionable Hats. The
very latest style in Hats nnd Bonnets arrived this dny. Call and get tbe best selection. Arthur Bollock.
Stylish prints, embroidered dresses,
handsome new- French dress goods, watered nlushes just received at Arthur Bullocks. • *
Pimbury's emulsion of Cod Liver Oil
and hypophospliilcs of Lime and Soda
for coughs, colds and consumption, at
I'iinbiry's Medical Hall, Commercial
street. *
there are two members of the'swell mob-
in there."
"If that's the case," said a iervous nan
in a white choker, who looked like a clergyman, "I will get out; I cannot risk my reputation in such company."
"And I," said a respectable-looking gentleman, with gold-headed cane and spectacles,
"have too much money about me to stand the
chances of being robbed." And so both
alighted.     Then the policeman said—
"Drive on: they've both got e«t," ■>\ ,   ..■.*
■    __A
NANAIMO
COURIER
SUNDAY,  AFRIL 7th.   1SS9.
we ought to try to reform. "The arbitrary
discrimination of the criminal law," he
says, "as between felony and mi_de_nen-
AN   INDEPENDENT NEWS. rt. ER  \nnri the statutory division Into degrees
— j of crimes, such ns assnult, larceny, burg-
_ I lnry, forgery, robbery and arsen, with
 -:--- penalties adjusted to each; and Ibe die-
Mr. James O'Neil is authorized on be- j m tion vi st d by law in the ■ ourls to ue-
half of the Nanaimo CoUBIKR to I termini-, within the prescribed limitations)
canvass for subscriptions, advertising, re- • the duration of punishment, nil uniiiia- i
ceive payments and give receipts for the take-ably point to a purpose of retrtlm-
Biime in the eity of Victoria.                        tion..'   And this retributive element in,
the punitive system is fraught wilh evil
for the prisoners.   Severe sentences make
| them bitter and  revengeful; undue Ion-
I ii-m-y encourages  them in crime;   and,
^ i worse than all, they get the idea that the
Wellington.  . serving out of a sentence squares accounts j
vi it! society and removes every obstacle
In Ibe resumption of criminal conduct.
The penitentiary portion of penological
The question of prison labor and the science is nearing a crisis. The care of
employment of prisoners is, and lias been ; criminals require nqjf penitentiary treat-
a vexed question. Our altitude on the ment different from that of ibe modern
question was more from a feeling of bu- slate prison. Penitentiaries must lie
ninnity (ban as a question of bringing more serviceable to prevent crimes or'
convict labor into competition with honest, they are worse than useless. Experience
labor. But since the question has excited ' teaches that severity rarely deters crime
considerable comment, we may say, thai and never reforms. What then shall be
the experience of many Vnited States, done? The answer is plain. Make the,
prisons may lie taken as a criterion by prisons rcnlly reformntory, nnd thus they
which to judge of the effect of employing ; will become preventive of crime. For
convicts on public works. This experience | this, only simple changes are required,:
hns nol been of a kind that would (end to I and there are really no serious obstacles
encourage the  system.   And  indeed, so | in the way.
Esauitiiwa,Nanaimn  LEET, GORE & CO.,
TIME    CARD    No.    10.
(, TAKE bt-'f-'ECi AT s:«o A. M.|,ON SAT-
UKDaV, MARCH 3.th. stlo, trains
RUN ON FACIlIC STANDARD
Mk. John Ciiuhe is authorised on lie-
half of the Nanaimo CotmiEB to
canvass for  subscriptions, receive   pay
PRISON    LAHOR    PROBLEM.
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SURVEYORS,  CONVEYANCERS, NOTARIES AND COLLECTORS,
GrO-yrxVXLNlMLXijNT    STREET,
!CableAB.^GETT. Victoria, B.H
>o n- _■ -. -r r.
--0  0  -.00 -_i   Ovt-NNiO   -t ,r»C
UQ.Nfl^t    .^^^l
M_ti__*_doo o' c c-oc v.
great has been the pressure brought to
bear in different states, that convict labor
goods have been, by legislative enactment, prohibited from being placed upon
the markets. But apart from this altogether, we believe as a matter of principle that the public employment of prisoners
serving sentences for nny crime in oui
prisons is radically wrong. In a
former article we pointed out some of tin
objections to the system, and which we
believed nere morally right. And we
have not changed our mind. That it i-
necessary to keep prisoners employed to o
certain oxtent is not wrong, but we claim
that such employment could be furnished
enabling them to become producers of tin
necessaries of life, and not as competitors
with what may be called the honest pro
du.erj. Wc are antagonistic to the present
system. The employment ofthe "chain
gang" in opening up streets, etc., may
appenr upon the face of it to lie all right.
but is not this very work done at the expense ofthe honest tollers? Does not
the employment of prison labor prevent
the employment of just so much honest
labor? And men who would be only too
glad to engage in such work must, perforce, be idle that employment be given
to the prisioners in our prisons. It is
wrong, nnd no one who has given this
much vexed question any study can arrive ut any other conclusion. How to
employ our convicts, however, is a question which has troubled many countries,
nnd n satisfactory solution has not as yet
liivii urrived at. With long time prison
ers, the case may be dlilVrent, but as se
before Btatcd, with men who are under
going potty sentences for petty offences,
Ihe system In vogue in this country is inhuman and nn outrage upon, not only tin
prisoners themselves, but upon the right
thinking people of any community.
The following from a late Issue of ni:
Eastern contemporary has some Ixarin,
upon this subject:
In one Blinnc or another Ihis wretched
question is always coming to the front—
and always evoking answers which turn
out net answers at all. The politician,
accused on good evidence of striking nl
i he very foundations of free government
by purchasing voles, hardly takes the
trouble to make denial, nnd smilingly inquires, "What are you going to do aboul
it?" The twenty tinieB millionaire, ensconced within the fortress of his trust,
repeats the question. The pauper asks it
from the almshouse; the gambler puts it
from the faro table; tho saloonkeeper, the
swindler, the professional mendicant, the
petty thief, the gentlemanly embezzler,
the railway wrecker, the coal baron, the
fraudulent bankrupt, all join to swell the
interrogatory chorus, "What are you
going to do about it?"
"What are you going to do about ill"
Softly, now I Hero comes one with tbe
Rnswer. Mr. Superintendent lirockway,
of the New York Slate Reformatory. He
will tell us what to do about it. What to
do about some of it, nt all events. Mr.
Brockwayisa man learned in penology,
and skilled in the treatment of prisoners.
lie will tell us what to do about our crim-
nals. Perhaps when we get the question
answered so far we shall see tbe way to
answer it entirely. Open, the Ohnutau
quau then for March, 1889, and listen to
Mr. Superintendent Brockway.
Mr. Brockway approaches his solution
of the whnt-to-do-about-it problem with
the statement of a fact, illustrating how
necessary it is that the problem should be
solved.   He tells us Ihis:
In 1850, there was one imprisoned crim
inal to every 3,445 of population.
In lo-O, there was one to every 1,649.
In 1870, there was one to every 1,172.
In 1880, there was one to every 855.
This is interesting, isn't it? Evidently
either the police force has vaB'ly increased tp criminal catching efficiency, or
the proportion of criminals to population
is growing with portentous rapidity. On
either hypothesis, it behooves us to hurry-
up and discover that answer before any
more of us get feund out, or take to ways
of wickedness.
The root of the trouble, Mr. Brockway
tells us, is that we treat our criminals on
a wrong plan.   We aim to pnnis)i when,
Mr. Brockway would have all convicts.i
sentenced to   indeterminate  terms, and
subjected to reformatory, rat'ier than ro- j
vengeful treatment.   And this final state-
ment of what we ought to do about it is j
conveyed in these words:
"Give increased attention to renovating
the physical man for increase of his mental activity nnd ehnrncter; supplement
such training with careful education in
| school to the extent of each prisoner's
power to receive and develop; add manual
! -ind technological instruction, until tlie
prisoner in prison does actually earn his
subsistence and becomes habituated to
live by his own honest earnings; at the
same time train him in practical ethics,
thoroughly testing his appreciation of
common morality in his daily life; teaching bim also, when it is possible for him
to know il, bow to love and trust the Almighty Father of us nil."
It is impossible not to sympathize with
_fr. Bbockway's object. Wo wish him
•{odspeed in his ertbrts to humnnl/e the
system of our prisons. And he is probably perfectly correct in his assumption
that the method of treatment he proposes
would have a reformatory effect upon very
many criminals who, under the present
system, simply become hardened in their
evil ways. And yet—and yet—it Is hard
to say, but it must be said, that despite j
his good intentions, bis long experience, ]
and his careful study of the question, Mr.
Brockway has failed to give us an nde-1
quate solution cf the real problem. What
are we going to do about it ?
He proposes to establish inside the pris-
son walls an ideal social system—a sys-
•e;n under which each man's mind nnd
body shall be trained to the highest usefulness, under which industry shall be rewarded and idleness discouraged, under
which morality shall be the rule of daily
life, and under which all shall be taught
to love and trust the Almighty Father of
us all. It must he a hardened criminal,
ndeed, on whom such a system would
have no good effect. The trouble would
not be with the happy inmates of the reformatories, but with the nnlucky folks
outside of them.
Superintendent Brockway, wc fear,
would soon find that the wicked world
would breed criminals faster than the virtuous penitentiaries could reform them.
If he would effectually put down crime,
let him establish outside the prisons Unequitable conditions which be pleads to
have establ.sbed in them. Once that were
done, a single generation would end the
necessity for prisons,
There is no mystery about the origin of
evil. It is easy to trace the genesis of
crime against property. Man seeks to
sitisfy bis desires with the least expenditure of labor—to have the greatest possible enjoyment at the cost of the least trouble to himself.
So long as we maintain in society a
class of disinherited men, with no acknowledged right to existence on tho
planet, who can never hope to secure more
than a mere fraction of tho just reward ot
any honest labor they r.iny perform, nnd
who secure the privilege ol working for
that fraction only intermittently and by
favor of other luckier men—so long as we
de that, we must expect the presence of
a class who will take the short cut from
desire to ful til ment, and seek to get by
fraud and stealing the things they can
never hope to get by honest Inbor. If
society would put nn end to the roguery
of individuals it must nndo its own gigantic robbery. Fntil it does that It will seek
in vain the answer to Tweeh's question.
What are you going to do about it?
*<_  .(_
• •__ ___ a <_'■__ j* • ■ * * * * *=
_.?I__C_J"*C(-   ">    ■*_»    **   Q   *-""
4ffli"!__'Bjl!_r
| p liy ill j If fl
. _ -^ _3 „ i ,"rs   .  .   .*_*   .  . ^
g      Leaves Nanaimn Dally, excepting Sunday,
' i at eleven  o'clock a. m., and 3 o'clock p.m.,
reluming at 9 o'clock a.m.,   ami 1 o'clock
p.m.
JAS. HARPER, Proprietor
;iNE
ANV PERSON WISHING TEAMIN'G
in any |i:irt uf tit. citv c_v have thi -.awe iloill
by calling on
J. TIPPETT,
At Nicol street, adjoiniug the lot of Dave fenner.
Feb 24— tf
:_!
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•C/l
___e
3  M
**,
'■• X -*_£'
*»*_
0
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.   It*
t_., *.
I
F
2  c ' I « .! . 1 10 in
z       i -_■ 5 (J«T	
Q '___:_) _S r. rj- i_ 1-1 in _-> 0. _".i_i t-     *-
_ 2   T„|  •      _
(.
__ HE
Z. ft S
; E?
{_.
**j <
XCOMO\0""d   O'O'dO' w Jj  I
ON SATnilMYS MMp SrjriMYR.
Return tickets will V>e 'issuer, .i.tween al point.-
fcr a sinKl- ■"*»■"« P00f' f"r retlirn ^1flncl_V'
krturn tickets for onr nn*1 a liatf ordinary fare mav
be puichased daily ,0 $> points. Rood for three day*
including the.dflV of!s_'"e.
No return tickets issued for a single fare wli.r
sucli far* _i 2 . cents.
Through rate? between  - ictoria and Coinojr
R. DUNSMUIR, Pre-id.nt;
JOS. HUNTF-R.Oi*. eml ci-nrrinten.ent*
H. K.  PR.O R, General Freight and Pa._en-.e-
A gam,.
FIRST BAN K
—RSTABI l.ll-D    IN —
Oity . Nanaimo
(INCORPOHATRP  BV  kOYA!      -'■<-■      I
CAPITAL MjAIMMMMi
{WITH  I'OWBR  TO  INCBRASE.)
London   Officii—»8 Cornhill,  ondon.     Braochf**
at San Francisco, Portland, Ot . Victoria, New
Westminster, Vancouver, Nanaimo and
Kamloops.
AtfeuU and l'orrenpen.frii_N:
In Canada—The Rank of Montreal and branches.
UN1TBD Statbs—Agents Rank of Montreal, 59 Wall
Street, New York; —Bank of Montreal, Chicago.
Ukitbti Kingdom—Rank of British Columbia, aft
Cornhill, London) National Provincial Rank of
England' North and South Wales Rank;
Hriiish Linen  Company's  Rank;
l-.ink of Ireland.
nrlia, China, Tnpnn, Australia, New Zealand H-Kip
Kong  ami   shanghai   Rank   Coronratlon—
Chartered   Rank of India, Australia and
China, English, Scottidh and Austra*
lian Chartered  l-ar.ir, Rank or
Australasia,    Commercial
Rank C0.1 of Sydney,
Mbxjco and fine th Ambrica—London   Rank  of
Mexico ami South America
Canadiau Pacific Navigation  Co.
[LIMITED]
TIME  TABLE   No.   io.
TAKING'EFFECT FEBRUARY iet, tMo,
nURRARD INLET ROUTE.
VICTORIA  TO Vm-r-MlW ind  Moodvville daily
evre- * Mnntlev, _t t o'clock'
VANTO''vrP to Victoria, dadv, - Jcce.» Mondat,
at   rvi.   '■'"*■ r\e   rr  0.0   *■..    .rrtvftl of the C. P.
Raflv-7,   Tmlfl
PUOFT r-OTTNI) R^TTTF
*. S. PRKVTrR wtll leaw i' folio-**.*—VuifottitM
3 p. -t... Mnndni**i ^"d Thurtdrtvt, •••'t'irnin*'
!eivr« «_-"'- v7."i,. «;•'■,*-■« r.nd Saturday* at 6
a.m.* nrr'vin ;P Vanr*.ny**r 4nn*tt-totin.i thl-sto
take.T,-tT nrlav Ve. rn«n*n»h
KFWWF*-nf|VCTFr' ROUTE,
Leaves victorp (V.. W_*_* We.tmtn_tar( T-adnefN
Lnnrl'np nr-' I u'u Ta'ind,   flfihrlivv. and ThufS*
duvs . f 1 'VlnrV   TiiM-l**'* it p n'. lorlJr,
Leave VPW \V*ccT\fiyftTRR  for Victoria  and
w._v oo-H on Mon^wv .t 9 n.m., WedneatUy an*1
JM---.V at m n m
PLUMPFR PA^c. -.irrlnvM •.nVlnrlc.
FRA^F.P RIVFR ROUTE.
^reamers for Hone and wav ports 1. _ve N-w West-
master- every Thursday 1 For ChiHIwhack and
wi-' li".dirtf_s ftyetv Tuesday and  Saturday at
'pASCT.AV  C0TTNP  ROITtR,
ct-amer MAT.T.F 1fnv-s Victoria fnr Alberni and
Si nnd "rrts on. e . Pjonth,
VOPTirFPN    POTTTF
^'fam. bin RaHonytt will leave for Fort Simmon and
interm.rll-it- rto*t«n*i the First  and  Fifteenth of
eft-..- month.   Whenever sufficient   Inducement
offers will rail at nnints on the West Coast and
Oueen Charlotte Islands.
Theror»o*nv reserves the ri**ht nf rhan.lng this
T:*"i- Table -*t anv t'me without rtotlfimtinn.
0, A. CARLFTON JOHN IRVING.
Gen   Atjent. Manaeer
Departure Bay Express   occidental hotel
This elegant anil eotniuodious
NEW BRICK HOTEL,
Opposite  tlie   J&qulma.    I nd Nanaimo
RailuM)   Station, having  l.ecn
leased by the undersigned, will,
after a thorou *Ji over-hatiling and fitting up, be
CONDUCTED IN FIRST-CLASS STYLE
Special care will be given to .!..
Dining - Department
Anil no troubl. will bt spared to satisfy
everybody.   Fine elegantly fitted up
XI *__*_! _D   HOOM8
EfSAMr-LE ROOM-^J
Fcr  Travellers.     Only    first-class   Wines,
l_ir|iinrs and Cigars  dispensed   at the
-IAR.    We solicit your patronage.
John Decker & Co
r_ s tf
DON'T RKAD THIS I
Whitfield    Bros.,
IMPORTER*    .-Ti    nt'M'P.   |N    BOn-rs
VI,     1.   R
Cosmopolitan Market,
Commercial street, i_d_i__, B.C.
__..    Q17*E!I_r__i_nE31__C__
Fir a Firtt-Glass  Hair Out. Snave or
Shampoo, Ro to the
Mio mmi M Bath Rooms.
COMMERCIAL ST., NANAIMO, B. c.
JOHN LEWIS, Proprietor.
PRIVATE ENTRANCE TOR lADlE-.
ROVNSEFELL 6* CO.,
Real E tate, Insurance and General Agents,
CONVEVANCEFS,   NOTARIES   PVBLIC
Mr nev Loaned on Besi T.rmn.   Estate, Mana.e_,
CORNER CORDOVA ANP CAMRIE STREETS.
P. '). BOX to8. VANCOUVER. B. C
W.BRF'ni.MPyFP.T)R,PH.
Mln'-   c  •' n'M   .'a'ps a-d
Pr-v'". fi fun-oynr rpH t .
ar.'/itr.  .r-nrn.-sr. B   C.
' •'E PARTNfcP "c I
■ rn ,-ni
ITY.
—ALWAYS—
A   CHOICE   ASSORTMENT
OF TIIE FINEST
MEATS   AND   VEGETABLES
IN TIIE MARKET:
Free Dolivecry to All Farts of the Oity.
Telecraphjc Transfers antl R__l|tt_lica to an<l from
all points can he made through this Hank at
current  rate..
G.
BIGGER
W.
VICTORIA,   IS. C,
—WILL LIVE—
Crayon.lndian InkorWaterColors
The BEST WORK on the Pacific
Coast at
NEW
YORK    -.      TRICES.
ollections cnrefully il tended to nnd ever)- description or ImnWni:  tn_.nsi.ctcd.
K.M.   YATIWOOD,
Solicitor of the High Court, Ontario,
•i-AND—
ROTARY PUBLIC FOR BRITIE COLOMBIA.
Office in Smith's Btiililiiur, Commercial
Street, Nanaimo.
QUE EDjST
Chop and Oyster House,
Long Biidge, Nanaimo, M. C.
OYSTERS   IN   EVERY   STYLE
Raw, Fry, Fancy Roast,
Plain Roast, Oyster Loaf,
New York Stew, Rox Stew, Pan Roast.
FISH : GAME : AND : CHICKEN
ALL KINDS OK   ROASTS.
ICE   :  CREAM
L
■  1
r.OJUIEIt'.IAI.   K'l.K
The IiB-gMt    nil Rn_ Do"! la A   Oltv.
It. WATKl** r»i«_
N.INMMt .  B.<
Poi'kV  ! 'o.fl.
EAST   WELLINGTON.
T.    E     PECK.    Pr.pri.10r.
FIRST-CLASS IN EVKKY   PARTICULAR.
The Choicest Brands of Winks, I.t,,.tfjns and Cioars
always on liantl.
A CALL SOLICITED.
OITY A_t___L__R.3ES.XaO?.
Next   door   to   Hirst's   Bros.,
Commcrci.1 Street.
W. D. DEEBLE, Prop.
Confi.antly on h_nd a full assortment of
Choice Meals and Vegetables.
Shipping supplied  nt short notice.
' tli thlr n-'_rl-..  niirleril ■'■   • .1        map.
if 'in*s exciite. .■>"■'o » <-o- ' _ •-. i-.„ nn all
'ir I. of Mlnernls, Oold mil Silver 1>.-.. Thirty
•■ef *s experience in mining in Alfa, F.urope and
f'n ted State** of America. Speaks ten languages.
\nt\y$ from a distan-r promptly attended to.
t\d re.s, Vancouver, o. C. t osvy*
F. REVELY,
Master,
NANAIMO   AND   COMOX.
V'ill leave Vi.tona every Tuesday at 7 a.m., for
Mi aif.o, cn'iinje at Sannicn. Bursoyne Bay, Vesu*
vi_ Pay .in. Chlunainu.. Wilt leave Naiuimo
every **<-'cdne..day at 1 a.m., for
COMOX
Vi Way l'oit*, in J wturi _t ' .m., every Thurs-
!-• rVyl leave NannlnK. -itro Friday at 6;i a.m.,
ft- . ...cotive., md return the same dav at 1:30 p.m.
iV| I l-ave tin .aitii-' every Saturday nt 7 a.m.. for
V'l 0-.1. """ailing at rheraaltiil*. Voi-Uvlui Bay, Burin* 10 Bay and Saanlcli. Ft-r Freight Mid f-Vsage
M j j n maiii,
i 11 1—tf
I*'.IDF.NT   PlIYSiriAN  AT CLINTOS.
A  M'UCATIONS   for   tlie   position   of Resident
'*    riiysicii.n  at  Clinton  will he recited   at  the
Pro tin hi Secretary'* Office up to Saturday, the BOtn
day of April next.
G lvirnineni  stipend at the rate of $750 per annum,
A CAMPBELL RED DIE.
Deputy Provincial Secretary.
Pm .ini-ial Secretary's Office,
ajrd March, i8Sj . mh 27 Ap a*.
It ED   HOUSE.
ALEX. MAYER   -   MARCUS WOI.KE.
Alex. Mayer & Co.,
Wholesale and Retail Dealer, in General,
Merchandise
Or lers   promptly   nnii   carefully delivered-
SHIPFINC SUPPLIB_Al.il SHIPS DIS
IIIII.SF.P.
I. E L A N I.    II 0 USE,
I'ROUT      &    INSLEY,    Proprietors,
Strictly Kirst-t laui   AccomtnodBtion foi taj Guettf.
Convenient t° Railway Station and Steam*
ship  Dock.
CORNER OF HASTIKOS A  GRANVILLE
STKEETS. VANCOUVER. B. C.
S.'.ooiier Nc- 4, Pilot Boat,
1IEI.ON0INO    TO
CAPTAIN MAC DONALD,
EQUIPPED AND KEAPY FOB 8EB-
virp.
|.^Opcn day and night.    Meals 25 cents        ... .. .
snd upwards.    Board and  Lodging by the ! *~ vice.   Any person wishing to lure tlio
day, week or month. I Slime for pilot businos.. or seal or lilnrk
_ir   ui   nun T>r_TT    D---.r.  1 oal Pihing, can hnve tlio some by npply-
W. H. PHILPOTT, Prop.' -m t0      C-maw MacDonau., no. i
apl3-tf mans-Un
Cotnrtiercial Street,
Nana ita
11. c.
_.:*., Nauai-
h the
NOTICE.
Ass. issment Act and Provincial Revenue '
mo Distii.t.
^ Jtice i. hereby Riven, lo _-_.KtU.i__. v th t,
St.. .itcs, that I'rjviti'.-iiil jieveiiue Tax and all 'Uxm
Ii vi -.1 Under the Ahsc.. ment Acts i".r( n w d*>« for the
yea., i_3o, a.id payable at my .flico, NanaiuiOf
Ab!< ssed Tuxes, if paid on or before June 30th, 1889,
arc' ollectabl- at the following rate., viz:
Ji of i pif cent*on Real Property.
*_J_ cents per acre on Wild Land.
One-third of one per cent, on Personal  Property.
% of 1 per cent, on I nronie.
If paid after June 30th, 1880:—
i'i of 1 per r .nt. on Keal Property.
i'i cent, per acre on Wild Land.
•■< of t per cent, on Pergonal Property.
^i of 1 per c_nt. on Income.
'   * M. T-AT1..
AS5W50JMii'   ilieifM
Donald   Smit^J
NOTARY PUBLIC, CONVEYANCE^
REAL   ESTAT'I
AND INSL'UANCE AGENT,
:xr_-____»,i_na.o,  _B.  C
Jan. »_tf p. 0. Bojt.o.^J
-f r
W. R. ROBERTS,
Watch Maker & Jeweled
NORTH WELLINGTON
Opooilt. Rallraa. SlaUan.
Watches antl Jewelry hought, sold and repairer
POODLE DOG RESTAURANT
NANAIMO, B. C.
P. Jamieson, _Prop,i
Oysters,   takes, Jellies, Ice Cream,  Bin*j
Mange, &c,    Thc orly White Labor
Restaurant in Town.   Meals
from 25 _Tits up.
R-   CRAIG,
&<»___ EHack.mith & Carriage Build. |
flastloa street Bri. „e, laialmo, B. C,
Vith New Premise,, M0,let„ Mnchinery and'Fit'
Class   Workmen,  all Styles of Wagons,     I
Carnages and BiiKie, will be b lilt,
to order,
.<>_SE SHOEING A SPECIALTY.   REPAI*]
ING DONE.
L.   G.   McPHILLIPS,
BARRISTER, ATTORNEY AND SOLICKOli
(Of the Province of Manitoba),
3F FIOE—WHETHAM   BLOOK,   OOROOvJ
8TREET, VANOOUVER, B. O.
Joseph M. Brown
l'M;l.!-H.    AMERICAN    AND   SWIS
WAT CHI'S  &   CI OCKS CLEANED
AND REPAIRED.
MIFNT FOR S. S. KIMHELL^ CHAMvl
1'ION 1 'IRE AND HI.'RCLAR-rROOF A
SAFES. J
Front Street, Nanaimo.
-E.CIAL   MILLS
LEAMY & KYLE, Props.
MANtlFAiri'URF.RS AND  DtA-EKS   IN
ALL   KINDS OF   ROUGH AND
DRESSED
LUMBER,!)
DOORS, WINDOWS. BLINDS, SHINOLEB.
LATHS, Etc., Etc
TELEPHONE.   Office and Yard:
SOUTH END CAMBIE ST., FALSE CK <
VANCOUVER,   li.   C.
c. c. Mckenzie,
Land Agent, Conveyancer, Accountant^
and Insurance Agent.
Officb:—C. L. Smith's Building, Bastion Street, J
..aiiaimo. f
Town Lot. and Farms fof Sale. Money to Loan on '
Mortgage at low ral.e. J
Agent for the Glasgow antl Lpndon Fire Insurance 1
Company.
R. J. W. ATWOOD,
Chemist & -Druggist.'
Patent Medicines, Perfumeryand
Toilet Goods.
Prescription. Carefully Compounded,
COJfMEBOUL 8TEEET, NANAIKO, B.   0. '
DEW DROP HOTEL.
HALIBURTON      St.,     NANAIMO,
The best of l.it[Uors and Cigars will be dispensed
at the Dnr.
Thi, II ul i- no-.v prepared to furnish first-claafi ac-
cemai ti aliou r.,r Boardeni. nd Lodger,..   ltonrd__
per month l-6,oo.
SAMUEL HAGUE,
tom  rra.-E_r_i_i
DEALER   IN ALL  KINDS OF
Smokers' Articles, Fruit.Station-
ary and  Confectionery.
Nazia imo EmpIoymentBureau
P. 0. Hon 131, Nanaimo, B, C,     I n o. '". - ?,-•*'      ' ■
;i_>___',._v^ '•'
STEAMER SERVICE.
[Between Nanaimo, Comox and Victoria.]
Steamer Amelia.
Arrives in Nanaiaino every Tuesday evening.
Leaves Nanaima for Comox Wednesday     3A.M.
Returns from Comox for Victoria,
Wednesday evening.
7_ea.es Nanaimo for Victoria Thursday     7 a. M.
Leaves Victoria for Nanaimo, En-
day     7 A. M.
Leaves Nanaimo for Victoria,  and
all  way ports Saturday      7 A. M.
[Between  Nanaimo and  Vancouver.]
Steamer RAINBOW.
Arrives    at    Nanaimo     Tuesdays—Leaves
Nanaimo Wednesday morning.
[Between Westminster, Comox & Nanaimo.]
Steamer Robert Dunsmuir.
Ai rives in  Nanaimo Wednesdays and Sun
days—Leaves    Nanaimo    for   Comox     i
Thursdays—Leaves    Nanaimo   for
New  Westminster    Saturdays
nnd  Mondays.
Trains leave Nanaimo for Victoria.   9 a-4 A.M.
"        Wellington      I2.-Q -. M.
" arrive in    " from Victoria    12120 P. M.
11      ,i    1,     11    ■■ Wellington       8:e5 A. M.
On Saturdays an extra train leaves Nanaimo for Victoria at f.efi P. M, A train also
leaves Victoria for Nauaimo, arriving here
at 6:55 r, M„ and leaves for Wellington nt
10115 P, M.
box,  the following questions were put
to him by the prisoner—
"Misther D., will ye p'.ase to tell
the court where Oi was on such •and-
i such  a  flay"  (naming lhc crime that
was alleged to  have been committed.
"Certainly."    You were  under my
care,   serving   six   months   in   II.M.
, Prison in this city."
With   great   coolness, the   prisoner
then said—
"Vou may step down,  Misther 1'."
Then,  turning to the judge, lie ron-
i tinned, imitating the voice ol" thc pro-
! scenting counsel—
"That's my case, my lord!"
Later on in the day the counsel for
the prosecution, happened to meet the
prisoner, who, of course, had by that
time been discharged from custody,
asked him why he had not taken the
trouble to prove the alibi when thc
case was being heard in tlie police
court.
Shure now," he replied, "an' did ye
think that Oi was after spoiling the
sport?"
•rma
NANAIHO COURIER!
Published every morning except
MONDAY
—_vr—
Nanaimo,B.O.
OO umbia - Carriage - Works    A1M0D IM Wolfe
astings Street, East of Carroll,
- 0 -
A litrs
an.OUVer, B. C.
This extetulve e.taMMim.nt lt_- just opened.    A large -nt! well sel,-, led Btoell _f
Carriages,   Buggies,   Buokboads,
POSTAL SERVICE.
Malls close daily for Victoria
and way stations  -A.M.
"   Arrive     12.20 A.M.
•*   Close for Wellington...    11:45 A.M.
"    For Comox, Alberni and
way stations every  Wednesday  7 P. M
WHAT THF, PUBLISHERS PAID
DICKENS.
Dickens, at his death, left £80,000,
a considerable slice of which came
from books. The stipulated payment
for his first great success, 'The Pickwick Papers,' was £14 for each monthly part. This sum was afterwards increased to £15; and as the popularity
of the work became assured, the publisher presented him at intervals with
several cheques, amounting in the aggregate to £3,000,
For 'Nicholas Nickleby' Messrs.
Chapman & Hall gave him £3,000,
and from the same firm he received a
similar amount for 'Barnaby Rudge.'
Of the profits on the sale of 'The
Christm s Carol.' his half share, contrary to his expectations, amounted
only to £726; he had looked forward
to a clear £1,000, For the sale of
'Dombey and Son' he realized, during
the first half year of its publication.
£2,820.
For 'Edwin Drood' he was pai'
£7,506 for 2,500 copies; the publisher?
and author agreeing to share equally in
the profits of all sales beyond that
impression. The number of copies
sold, while Dickens was yet alive,
reached 50.000. The sum paid far
early sheets of this work sent to
America was £1,000.
For 'Martin Chuzzlcwit,' it was arranged that he should receive £200 for
each of the 20 monthly parts (in all
£4,060), and on the completion of the
work, a fourth of the value of the
existing stock, and half of
the future interest. For a short story,
not longer than half of one of the
numbers of the last-mentioned work,
the editor of ihe New York Ledger
sent him £1,000.
It is curious to contrast this liberal
treatment with that which he received,
when unknown to fame, from the
editors of the Old Monthly Magazine.
For those of his 'Sketches by Boz,'
which he contributed to that periodical
he got nothing beyond the mere pleasure of seeing them in print.
The conductors of The Evening
Chronicle, on the staff of which he
was engaged as Parliamentary reporter,
and to which the "Sketches" were
afterwards transferred, behaved somewhat better. In consideration of his
extra services, they raised his salary
from £5 to £7 per week. The
"Sketches" were subsequently collected, and sold to Macrone, the publisher, for £400.
A H'.lt..l.V«,
The modes of death's approach ore various, and statistics show conclusively that
inure persons die from diseases of the Throat
and Lungs than any other. It is probable
that everyone, without exception receives
vast numbers of Tubercle Germs into the
system and where these germs fall upon suitable soil they start into life and develop, at
first slowly and is shown by a slight tickling
sensation in the throat and if allowed to continue their ravages ihey extend to the lungs
producing Consumption and to thc head,
causing Catarrh. Now all is dangerous, and
if allowed to proceed will in time cause
d.-ath. At the onset you must act with
promptness; allowing a cold to go without
ittention is dangerous and may losi . r
life. As soon as you feel that s_ii_.ning s
wrong with your Throat Lungs _i Ncs.rir
ibtain a bollle of Ih.schee's German Syruy
It will give you immediate relied
The first of the season Riversideoranges,
tin vel oranges and new cabbages can be
o tiined at George Cavalsky's. *
This paper is a live exponent of the
interest of
Nanaimo ai_ Vicinity
And is tlwr oyhly
_.D_PIMn IN POLITICS'
wil.l. UF. KEPT IN STOCK AM, MADE TO (Hull;.
HnPSP-SHfiF.lrM.       ":,vi".   <''..-"J ll" bm sl'""' "" the c«u I»department-will baraadea
nUIl-_l OnULll.U.      .JeJwWiy.   We «uarantee to prevent bones from interfering or ov.r-ttac.l_g
1. A A*-.   lilt JKH.fi -hut! and treated on tin- la__t approved pri
RFPARINf. K -■"""_ I" -I I" Imin. Itcs, _ .,,.-11In. 1'AI VII Ml, I Hi \ > v,| M;   _■«•.. .lone with :
Mil /mil. Ui mttlt—l antl nt tnodamu prices. Light and Ke»v> miiii.i MM ,, ,.„,... -j, .,,;.„;„ „
Attended t»>. _a.Kv.ryf dejNtftnunl will receive the penonal •upervision of our Mr. M, KABR nnoide v-
pertenced workman, well un,i favontmy known in many paru of the Dominion.
A.   T.  MoNAI.Ii   ,t   Co.
GARESCHE   GREEN & CO.,
-B _A_ T*r 3E£. E3 _OL S.,
Government Street, _. . Victoria, B. C.
Deposits Received in Gold, Silver and Us. Currency.   lateteal )iai., ,„, ,„„ ^
on tune deposits,
'LIMITED)
VICTORIA, B. C.
engineers. iron   founders   an.
uoilkr makers.
works:
ON"   .TOttR, MCCOVPRV Al.'D   HER*. I.D S T S.
Mnnufactnr.K of Marine and Land Engines,
ll'.il.r,, 1'i.lt C'tinnintj and Mining Msc-inery,
Hydraulic _I__M and Pipe REPAIRS executed
with dlspatrtt,   V'orln running night and day.
j _ __      t	
Wm. Blackmore,
Architect.   Etc.'
OFFICE-422 CORDOVA STREET,
I'. O. BOX ■ 16.
VANCOUVER, B.  f.
un nine uepoSHS, cm T.
flold Dust nml U. B. Currency purchased nt highest market rates. .. ,
Sight Drafts and Telegraphic Transfers on Hun Francisco, New Vork and 	
Canada. "   "
lancre on l"_-nd-,ti .-nii.i-i- -•  - "
or  -
uauaiin.
tixcliange ou Loudon available in ull pails of .Europe, England, lrclaud and
Scotland.
Letters of Credit issued on tbe principal Cities ot tbe United States, Canada nnd
Europe.
W Agents for Wells, Fargo & Co. „i_1
WORTH    THEIR   WEICHT IN
GOLD.
HoJIoway's Pills & OJ_ti.it
BRITISH COLUMBIA STEAM BAKERY,
NESBITT. DICKSON
FORT STREET,
It c jutains all the Latest
i'.lographic Dis«atciies
-AND	
TENDERS.
WHOLE OR SEFARATE TENDERS ARE IN-
vited for the several works to he done
in the upper rooms ofthe building now
in course of erection for Mr. Walter Wilson,
on Commercial street. Plans and specifications can be seen by applying to J. Hilbert.
Tenders must be in on or before Saturday
evening, April 6th, at six o'clock. Lowest
or nay bid not necessarily accepted.
J. HILHERT, Architect.
James Harvey
IMPORTER OF
ENCLl.H am. CANADIAN M__< H_
DISE.
__
uu
AL NEWS
Arrowroot,
Assorted Jumbles,
Assorted Tlngers,
Abernethy, it,
Cabin,
Coffee Cake,
Cheese Biscuits,
Currant Tops,
Olnter Snaps,
Qraham Wafer*.
Olnger Cake, -tfj
Family Pilot. "■_
Fancy Mixed.
Fruit Blear,
load Ginger Bread.
Iced Sultana.
'_»i|i,.
& CO.. Proprietors,
 ABOVE  DOT_-0__-_g3
Lemon Snaps,
Lemon Biscuit,
New York Snatis,
Oat Meal,
Pilot.
Perkins,
Rich Mixed,
o     __ -     Soda Crackers,
Seed Biscuit,
Sugar Crackers,
Spice Jumbles,
Sugar Cookies,
Sultana Biscuit,
Vanilla Cream,
Wine,
Etc., Etc.
1       10 readable style, sin ia
I early each n        $
1 "?i..ry.in« fit"   _.»
■ 1 -1 tin- hi   ikfttHt
_l.l«.
Frlce List Furnished. Orders promptly attended to.  Ask your Grocer
ir MBSBITT, DICK8QN > CO.'S Biscuits.	
BRITISH COLUMBIA
Comme ciai. STRERT, Nanaimo,   R. C.
PROVINCIAL SECRETARY'S OFFICE,
1JIS    HO vol.     :!_•;
**   ern-    his    oc   p.; s.
upp'iint n.nt i
LIEU rENANT-GOV-
j tnal _• tho following
3rd April, 18-.Q.
irent.Na-
3m .-.prii,
Marshals I.RAV.HsQuire, Government An    .
iiaimo, tu be a tllnlng Rei order, under the "Mii'era
Act, 18.4," for th&t portion 0. the Eftst Coast of Vancouver Isi-tinf which Ilea to the north of Chemalnui
and fur thc Island, adjacenl thereto.
April j
THE ACCIDENT
IXSURANCE COY
-OF N01ITI1 tMBBlt'A.
Pre-irlnnt-HIS T. S_bT,     Tine   Pr•» -JNO)
BAWKIN. Esq,,     Beerotarr-M. U..WL1NH*
Inaur. _a_ii)tit aeuidont by lud or i .a.   $5 per
Milium Menrea nithtir $l(JOJ in cue ot fatal acoi-
4n_t, or f_3 c_riati__h tu o_p- uf uun-fatal Iniorjr.
__c_ra Pmrnibuia for bMsrdoao 0_plu7tu.aU.
_____ OP * MASON.
Attttt, OowBiaoK Wroot, Vict,   a.
COrtREiSPONDKNTS
In every part of the
l"    »    ii   v,.      -      i| j    .„   -n_/£__ !
\id ul'  tbe ,'il.Hi pv.nth of ptildii
i_i «t    Imp promptly tiwnsmitieu.
J_,pry qneHtion of. public
inupoi'tuncB discua.od
without
FEAR, FAVOR 03 PARTIALITY I
THIS  INCOMPARABLE   MEDICIN1
hits sccureQ /or itself an imperishable
1 fame throughout thc world for thtalleviatlmi
and cure of mo^t diseases to which humanity
: is heir.
THE   PILLS
Purify, regulate and improve thc quality af
• the Mood. They assist the digestive organs,
i cleanse the STOMACH * BOWELS- increase thc secrctnry power ofthe Liver, brace
j the nervous system, and throw into thecir«
' dilation the pure elements for sustaining anil
repairing lhc frame.
Thousands of persons have testified that
hy their use alone \hoy have been restore*!
to health ar.d streppth after every other
means have proved unsuccessful
THK   OINTMENT'
Will be found Invaluable, in every Household
in Ihe cure of open Sorrs. Harrl Tumors,
HAD I.FGS, OLD WOUND., COUGHS,
Cold-, Sore Throat.t, Pronchiti., and all disorders of the Throat and Chest, as also Gout,
Kheumatism, Scrofula, and every kind of
Scin Diseases.
Manufactured only at Professor Holloway'i
Fs'.al'lishmcnt, 78 New Oxford St. (late 533
Oxford St.), London, and sold at Is. !>_.,
39, od.. 4s. 6d. lis., 22., and 33s. each Hot
and  Pot.
•■_»RF\VARF OF AMFRJCAN COUN.
TFRFFITS. Purchasers should look to thi
Label on the Pot and Poxes. If the addreos
is not 5:3 Oxford Street, London, they are
spurious.
THOMAS ALLSOP.
HEF.BY S. MASON,
Cl/YLER A. HOLLAND,
56 New
Broad St.
DIRECTORS.
!
HE
WOULDN'T    SPOIL
SPORT.
THE
Some time ago an Irishman was
- brought before a judge in the North
of England, and witness after witness
testified that he was the person who
had committed the crime far which li-
was charged. The counsel for th.
prosecution then rose, and. addressing
the judge, said—
"That's my case, my lord."
Yes, my lord," he re| ;i I, "Oi wish
to oall Misther D., the chief warder of
H.M. Prison in this city."
This gentleman was thereupon sent
'for, and on being placed in tbe witness
TURNER, BEETON. CO.,
 MERCHANTS	
WHARF BTIIEKT      ■      .      VICTORIA, B.0.
 '—.   s •*	
Head Offltviv fur British Columbia for
NOBTH BRIT-INK  AND   MERCANTILE   I_*I_
BAinm Company, and Ooahdian
Inuubanok Company.
a O. BEETON _ CO.
86 Plngbury Cirous, London, B. 01
H. A. Mullon, VanootiTer.
Great Transcontinental Route.
NORTHERN: PACIFIC
HAIIiWAT
Vis the Cosoads   Diviaioa  now  torn.
pleted, mskiug it tho Shortest,
Best and Quickest.
 HAVING	
A LARGE CIRCULATION
IU adtant_g- u an
11
IS APPARENT.
SUBSCRIPTION:
tad all points But.   Tio
ieut poin ta throughont (	
THnovoa Pullman Dbawtm-RoO-I
Blupino Oars.
Bwtmtiona ess ba ateund la AdrsnM.
To East-Bound Passengeri
Bt oareful aud do not main e isiatska, bat hs
•nro to tsks ths
Northern Pacific Railw'y
And rat that your ticket reads vis THIS
LINE, St. I' ml or Minneapolis, to avoid
changes nnd serious delays occasioned
by other routes.
Through Emigrant Sleeping Cars
Run oa regular express trains full length
of the lino. Berths tree, Lowo... l.ates,
Quioktat time.
W. B. DENNISON,
Nanaimo, B.C.
1 A. D. cnariton, . ~*m
_. Ml. (J.vu. >BU. A«t,
I   .0. _,\.(_Klfi:ton____. Pefil_t_,0_
1 I III       'll ■ I   11   ■—! Slllll-<
Per Year.   •   -
Per m.mh,   •   •
Per Week. ■   •
•t* O*
a_Ctr_
Courier
Printing & Publishing Co.,
[LIMITED.]
_sr_3Lisr_a-i_v_:o, _b. o.
R. T. WILLIAMS,
Publisher, Book-Binder, Paper Ruler
•—Aim	
Rubber Stamp  Manufaatu.sr.
OWKM or SH>
British   Columbia  Dirtctory.
Electrotyping & Stereotyping.
the business of ALLSOP <_ MASON has been merged in the
mbot. Company and mill be carried on by tut Company•from this
aaUata General Land Investment and Insurance Agency.
MllNn. Tfl I flAhl 01H WOB™A«E AT LOW J.ATE8.
IflUIIL I I U LUHII Town Lois ami Farming Minds .«-
*_ble •■ easy terms.        »^*™
CANADIAN
PACIFIC   -_<
RAILWAY
— THE TRUE	
TR NSCONTINENTAL ROUTF
— BETWEEN THK—
Pacific and the Atlantic I
Tts passenger equipment is the ttnest
n the world, consisting of LnxuBJons
, j.r.F.i-i.vo Cars having Drawing, Smoking
1 nil Bath Rooms; Comfortable and Clean
Colonist Cars, with Free Sleeping Berths
lor holders of second-olsss tickets; nnd
most modern style of day coaches.
ITS DINING CARS AND HOTELS I
provide the best quality of food in un
'united quantity nt reasonable rates.
The Variety and Grandeur of Scenery
elong its line is unequalled, sud in the
details of track, train service, etc.,
nothing is omitted that can add to tbe
Salety and Comfort of its patrons. All in
all, it gives tbe best and most serviceable
lino of travel, whether for business or
tlensnre, between Portland, Tacoma,
tattle, Viotoria, and all Paoiflc Const
Points, and Winnipeg, Minneapolis, St.
Paul Chicago, St. bonis, Ottawa, Toroi:">
Montreal, Bostoi., New Vork and (__.
__i_t_rn Cities.
THROUGH TICKETS
.re wane- to all principal points in ti
United States, Canada and Enrope, tn
the Lowt st Rates.
1.0BT. IRVING, Freight nnd Passenger
Agent, Govt St., Victoria.
A. E. Plant*, Ticket A gent, Nannimo.
D. E. Bbov n, D. F. and Passenger Ag nt
Vnntvmvur
v\j VANCOUVER £ITY
FOUNDRY and IRON WORKS.
I Th* bnildinRi ami fitti..-- up nf rr.nch-ncry in
! connect imi with these workrj h-in:; now bu far
1 ttlv-_nc.il the proprietnrB feel ju.titiot] in notifying their friends and the public that ihey will
be prepared on or about tho ist of May to receire
and promptly eseculo any order, for work in
their line for which they may bu favored; and
from the supeiior ehnrnct.r of their machinery
and plant generally, ns woll us tlie skill of th_.tr
employees, they feol confident nf befog in a von,
tion to do aa good, if uot bettor, work than any
•imilar eitablicthment in the Province.
A. MCKELVIE.
Mechanical Munagop,
WOOOVMr. B. Ci 10th April. 1888.
Dr. J.  ColHs   Browne-b
CHLORODYNE.
TIIE ORIOINAI. and ONLY GENUINE.
Advice lo Invallrll-Tf votl wtfk|0nkla(a
... I fr_rn r_,n and ,nrui_., tn calm and
«mage he wWtiy aching, _f protract",
dlsewe, invigorate lhc nervous med a and
egtiln « the circulating sys„.ms of lhe ;™
yotl _-.ll provide yourself «i,h tnat marvel':
om remedy d.scove.cd by Dr. I. Colli,
Browne (late Army Medical aim to whK5
he (rave the name of CIU.ORODYNK ,„2
which I, ndm.tled hy the profession to he ,™
rove^r1"*1"" va,u"blc *W em
CIILORODVKE h the be,, reolMy
AsZa E   ' C0n«U»P% B'ODchiiis'
'  rHLbRODYNE act,  (Ike   a   charm in
a,;r,t^iae;,,s,hcon,ys^i"c''<>'«°
CHLORODYNE effectually cut, short all
attacks of Epilepsy, Hysteiia, Palpi « ill
anil Snaums, wfitaui ■
CHLORODYNE l> the only nallistive |.
N-iiralf.,.,    Rheumatism,    tfoulJft___?
Toothache, Meningitis, &c„ ic.« *
Printing and Binding.
Munroe: Miller,
DUCK'S BUILDING, JOHNSON ST.,
VICTOs-SA
Um tlie most comiiloto nnd thoronffhly wol
Mttlppi'd Print Uia uetablUbmenl i'i i o Pro v.
Lmm. NoweKt *»_>it" in typo nre being uddmi
Willi rapid pn-usen snd besr of w.»rl(inon, ho in ii
• DOHltioii to turn out Mood irork at n\tstnab
price-..
BOOK-BINDING & BLANK BOOK.
tt*%*\ ktodl tn order linspoolnlty. His work h
luarantcc. to be oqunl to the beet, and At prict.
Oroera from tho country and oorroeponddnc
rill im'oivc prompt nttouUbn,
Notice of Removal.
TO
EUROPE, CANADA or the
XJnitoca. Statos.
To save mc.iey consult the undersifned at
J, II. Hllhert's Hoot & Shoe Store, Commercial street, about rates to or from Great
Britain and the Continent or to any part in
thc United Slates and Canada before
purchasing elsewhere.
\V. B. DENNISON,
Railway antl Steamship Agent,        J
Nanaimo, B, C.     J
E. G. PRIOR & CO.
Victoria
Iron & Hardwar €
MERCHANTS
Have Removed to their New PrtaiMt
Cflrn.r of >i..h_smi and Gov.rnmoat StrMts.
F,   W.   COOK, C.E.,
CIVIL ENGINGEER AND SURVEYOR,
Surreys limber anti othar c'ainjt.
A-drtM-CO-tOX, B,Cr
Mar 30--tf
Now is tho time to
 FIX	
Your Doors and Window?
Keep out the Gold unci Iinin!    Get yi ni
Wenther 8lripa of the   H'chmo.-d
Wbatiikb Sthii' Co.
McKILLICAN _ ANDERSON, Agent  j
«W^_____», -OL. I
From    Symes   &   Co.,   PharmoceMIcal
Chemists Medical Hall, Simla, January Sir,
1880:     To J. T. Davenport, Esq., 33 Crott
Russell  Sireel, Bloomsbury, London, Defi
Sir:—W'c embrace this opportunity of con-
eratulatinc you  upon the wide-spread rcptti
tatinn  this justly cstcemctl medicine, Dr. J.
Collis  .Irowne's Chlorodyne, has earned ft I
itself,   unit,nly in Ilintloslan,  but all ovir
•u- East,     As a remedy of general utility,
milch  question   whether a belter is im.
pt,rtt?il  into lhc country,  antl  we shall 10
qlail  I., hear of its finding a place in cveiy
Anglo-Indian home.    The oilier brands,  w.
are happy lo say, nre now relegated  to  tha
native  bazaars, nntl judging from their sale,
we   fancy   Iheir   sojurn   there   will be tut
evanescent.    We   could  multiply instance*
infinitum  of  the   cxtr.iordinaty   efficacy of
Dr, Collis Browne's Chlorodyne in Diarrhoea,
and   _nd    Dysentery     Spasms,    Cramps
Ne-iralgia, the Vomiting of Pregnancy, an_
ai     general  Sedative,   that have oeearred
untk < our personal observation during many
vcars.    In Choleraic Diarrhora, and even in
Ihe more terrible forms of Clinicia itself, we
have witnessed its controlling power.     We
have never used '.ny other form   af  this
medicine than Collis Browne's, from a firm
conviction  that it is decidedly the best, and
also from a sense of duly we owe to tha p.oj
fession   nnd   the   public,   as   we «>_ ofthe
opinion tnat thc substitntion of any other
than Collis Browne's, is A DELIBERATE
BREACH OK FAITH ON THE PART
OF TIIE CHEMIST   TO   PRESCRIBE
AND PATIENT  ALIKE.    We  are  sir,
faithfully yours,  Symes & Co,, Members of
Ihe  Fliarm.     Society of Great Britain, His
Excellancy lhc Viceroy's Chemists,   ^^^
CAUTION.—Vice-Cnancellor SiF»F.
Page Wood staled that Dr. J, Collis Browr.o
was, undoubtedly, the inventor ofCMoro.
dyne; that the story of the defendant, Freeman, was deliberately untrue, which, tt
regretted to say, had been sworn to—Se«
"Tlie Times," July 13, 18S4.
Sold in bottles at Is. kk'_., 3s. gd., ttk
fill., and lis. each. None is genuine with*
out the words "Dr. J. Lollis Brown. E
Chlorodyne" on the Government sUmrj
Overwhelming medical testimony accow*,
panics each Iwtlle.
Caution—Beware of Piracy,.and !_n'la#
lions,
Sole Manufacture*—J. T. Dtre_p_-t,
Great Rrrasell 6tr*etf WtoBnlwry  lot '-..v.'::' 7:'-
ffAMIMO   :-; COTJB1EB
SUNDAY,   APRIL  7th, 18S9.
LOCAL AUD GENEEAL.
"FooT_Ai.T.-Tlie Hovers had a practice
on the green yesterday afternoon. They
are very anxious to get in trim to meet
the Vancouver team, shouUI tbev lie able
to arrange a match I hem.
Bi.ri- Hki.i, Mnroto Co.—There will be
a meeting of the shareholders of Hit- nine
Beli Mining Oo. on Monday night at!)
o'clock iii Mr. .Iiunes Abmm'a oflice.
Shareholders arc reqtictetl lo be pri-scnt,
us business of importance will be dig.
cussed.
M-WCAI.   A.MICNIIMKXT    ACT.
This bill was read  a  third  time nnd
I passed.
l_l.V___.oj_,
lion. Mr. Robson aaketl permission to
reply to the honorable member for Ksqui-
rualt, Two years at;o the House instructed
I he government to Pis_hani_e the raiiwiiv
I belt of Ian.I, for Ian-1 in the Peace rivet
; listrit't. The government had lost no time
' tn carrying Out th -ir ui.iii.n.
Mr. t-.igfrin8l-j_l.6d that however desirable an exchange sf lands might have appealed one or two yearn a-;o, the situation
was entirely changed since the railway
belt had been denuded of ils chief value",
the minerals. He hoped the matter would
not be further considered by the House.
The House tnen adjourned.
Letters From the People.
VANCOUVER
f    The tomUtone tvtan while pondering over
the   wise sayings ot i'k* "OKI Man uf 'he
j Mountain1'cannot help coming to th,' cor.>  «i i. »T7 •
jelusion   that   the   "Old   Man1'  has  a   long   1/11PT1 llfUtt    '    WOTȣ^AHOA
i head, (and so has a mule B__£f)   Th, tomb-: F UI illllii 0    .     II (U UllUUDti
-ilonc  man  while lisier.iiiK with awe to the
bawling* of the strange being of the moun- ■
■ tain,  cxrlaims within himself, verily, verilv. j ,
!ii  equals,  yea far surpass ?s the braying   I
'• .he wilii ass uf th.: plains.
THE   :    NEW   i   STORE
Till. TOMBSTONE  1..1U.I.F.R.
PEES0MAL.
Retiring Prom Businrss Mr.  Arthur
Hull- _k,onc of N...:aitno>s solid business men,
hits announce,! his intention of retiring from
active bttsiacis life, Mr. Bulloc. has lots of
Iricnds no! onlv in llns citv but all over Ihe
province, who wiil learn of his decision with
regret. He has been one or tha fortunate
cues antl has prospered, iihd all who have
Ihe pleasure of his acquaintance and friend.
. hip while sorry lo lose him from Ihe arena of
active business life, will wish him the filler.
prosperity and happiness which he deservM.
Mr. i...U0rl; will in the near future dispoie
of his dry good business, .nd will travel for
.onic lime in Europe.
More (Ji-aktz.—It isreportetl that some
fine silver nnd copper-bearing quartz has
been fount! on one of the islamls in the
neighborhood of Seymour Narrows. However, nowadays every rock ihat is expos'-d
to the surface is prospected in order lo
see whether it contains anv ot the precious uiotals o.- not. Hut oiie thing is certain, and that is, that there is an abiiiid-
ancp of low grade quartz on Vancouver
Island and the adjacent islands of tlie
golf, and the lime will come when (lie
quartz there will be worked at a profit.
This country is yet in ils swaddling
clothes as fnr as mineral producing is con-1
cerncd.
I. 0. 0. T. Kntkiitahmment.—The en-'
tertninment to be given nt 'Wellington under the  auspices of the I, 0. O. T., on i
Wednesday, April 10th inst.. promises to j
be n grand affair.   An  excellent  programme hns been nrraneed, and no pains !
■will he spared to make the evening's en-!
tortainment a most enjoyable one.   Mr.
Scott, Lodge Deputy, Will preside; Mr. j
Edwards will render a solo, and nn  atl-
dress will be delivered bv Kev. F. Chamberlain,
The speaker of the evening will be Mr. i
J. W. Porter, who as a lecturer of ability i
is well and fnvorablv known. Music «iii j
lie provided by the Wellington Brass
Band, which in itself will be a treat. <
There will also be other Interesting tea-
I ures introduced during the evening.
-.-.oisi.ATciiF. PaoBOOt'ED.—The third
session of the fifth legislative Assembly
of British Columbia was prorogued yesterday afternoon in due form by IHb
Honor Lieut-Governor N. lain. The session lias been a comparatively short one,
and the province is to be congratulated
that it was nol longer. There is no need
ol spinuing out the sittings of our local
boiiBe to an interminable extent.
When the members find that
the country docs not expect them
fo *'iten to the sound of their own elo-
c-unee, they get down tn work and the
country is the gslnu- Tlu prmon* session
i was not, marked by any legislation of
great moment, although some measures
have been passed which will no doubt
prove beneficial to the country nt large,
while others which could not but have
been of vast importance, were strangled
almost before they saw the light. On the
whole the country is to be congratulated
on the amount of'work done, and that it
was no worse than it is.
Editor Dot iiiku: — This mornings'
poster was distributed in company with
your paper, coming from 6. Aaronson &
Co. Our neighbor is certainly in great]
trouble, and thinks tho cause of all his
woes is the auction room ami Ihe Co-|
operative Store, and holds litem up US 0
target to shoot at.
The Cooperative people do nol  invite i
competition drawn on tine lines; In fact,
one of our principal   olrj-Pts is to avoid
ihis.   The peoplo of this world would be
butter if they could direct their exertions
to brinh- about a friendly feeli-ig towards
oaoh other.   We believe we should work j
for the good of all  and not  for So-nnd-
So & Co.; neither do we advertise simply j
because we wish to ■void Ibis terribl'i.
Strife tiiat is hasting so many of our Irad- i
era to an early grave.
The members of our store wish  to goj
quietly alone, seeking peace.   If we have
. not peace in this world it is our own fault.
■nd wo deserve nil  the punishment for I
disturbing the harmony.
Our friends B. A. A Co. nre advertis-
ing our store, nnd we have not decided to
do so yet, consequently they will bear nil j
the expense himself: and the result will1
be, every member ol the slore will avoid
him   because he   has   a desire   to  light
against that which  we   have worked so!
hanl to build up.
Thanking you for the space,
Till! 1 .ll.StDl.NT.
Mr. M. King left yesterday for Victoria.
Mr. Theodore Davie, M. P.P., Q. ('.,
was a passenger on the noon train yestertlay from Victoria.
Mr. and Mrs. N. Shakespeare, of Victoria, were iu town yestertlay. They returned home by the afternoon train.
Tom Hell has retnrnetl to the city.
Mr. A.T.I). M'l'-lcuien retnrnetl from
the Capital yesterday.
Mr. William Dunn, of K ■• rtVllin, ton,
went to Victoria jest id;
Rev.    Mr.   Chliati'     of I- .   on.
passed through this  ii   ■-.
place on last night's train
Mr. Marshall I'm      m
the Hustler las' nl hi
Mr. F. J! Quill      •
yestertlay.
Mr. J. Oi Kit-bard..   Int.- •■' Sehl & Co.,
went to Victoria In    ibis mil  in 's ti i
en route for tbe Unite   v' _l. .
SPEC I
Smoke The   N
Cigar in town
Cavalsky's.
"Stook-tflkin •"
•\rihur THI   ' '
Ladies
pretty II..ta nl
JOHN HILBERT.
IS SF.I.I.INH
Furniture  and   Household
GOODS
ClfF.ArER than ANV OTHER II0US1
IN   ""-   CITY.
_
T   Li.   BROWNE   &      O.,
for that:
Al
the
. it Bi llock's.
THE LEGISLATURE.
(Peferrcd  Proceedin_.s.)
CAtUDtAS WK8TBBN   BAII.WAT.
In committee Mr. Ladner moved to insert a new clause as section fl, compelling
the company to dispose of all lands granted them in accordance with the land laws
of the province.
Hon. Mr. Dunsmuir saitl lhat a railway
company had to have some means of get-
ling a return for tho money expended in
construction. He would be glutl to sail
the lands owned by the K. A' N. II. 1!.
back to the government for _-, even for
00 cents or 25 contu an acre.
Mr. Beaven wished to know if he con hi
not make it 20 cents.
Mr. Dunsmuir said  he  did not know
■ but what be could.
The amendment was lost.
Mr. Fry moved to amend section 11, to
grant the company three years instead of
two to commence the construction of the
railway.
Hon. Mr. Hobson replied thai Ihe company had agreed to start in two years.
ROVAI. HOSPITAL BIM,.
The bill  authorizing  tlie   Hide  of the
Royal Hospital wns read a third time and
passed.
MINICIPAI.ITIKS   I1II.I..
This bill was rend a third timo and
passed.
SUPREME  COURTS Bill..
The order for the second reading of this
bill was discharged.   The House then adjourned till Friday.
pkiiiay'm pbockedinhs.
The House met at 2 ;30 p. m, on Friday.
i ABOLISHMENT OF OBANU JURIES.
Mr. T. Davie moved that an humble
address be presented to His Honor tbe
Lieut-Governor, praying him to urge upon
the Dominion Government to submit a
measure to Parliament to abolish grand
juries.
Mr. Davie descanted nt great length
on the difficulties of doing away wilh old
established customs. He contended that
the Attorney-General here, practictieally
answered the same purpose us the public
prosecutor in Scotland, and although the
grand jury dates backs io the earliest
, period of English history, it did not follow
that it was indispensable lo the administration of justice,
Hon. Mr, Humphreys said he considered the grand jury the grandest bulwark of
Knglish ilberty.
The resolution was lost by a vote of 14
tab.
CJ-lfADMN- WESTERN RAILWAY.
An amendment was made to make the
time of construction date from 1st of
November next.
pill was read a thjrd time an 1  passed.
THE PItlSONERS.
Editor Contrail:—I notice that the
editor of the Free Fress wants the prisoners to be employed upon ihe streets. Of
course this means they are lo be preferred
to honest men who must consequently
leave the oity and seek employment else-
where, No wonder that our population !
does not increase, no Homier that a hard i
workingman finds it difficult to obtain '
employment on corporation work when
such work is done,by convict labor and;
its employinont advocated by the Free
Press—the same paper which insinuated
that respectable white girls visited the
Indian ranche on the Departure Bav road
to compare their looks with their Indian
sisters. Until the appearance of the
Courier the working man never had a
show in a newspaper—no he hadn't
money enough Vou have done well in
surporting Dr. Walkem's suitable letter
on the parading and walking of prisoners
on our public streets. 1 hope every workingman in Ihis community will keep his
eye upon those who advocate prison labor
on the streets. We foii-dit that light in
thc east and we won, and here again the
same system which has been the curse of
the honest nnd industrioLS artisan and
toiler the world over has to be fought and
conquered, notwithstanding that it be
backed up ami supported hv the Free
Press which, by the by, reminds mo of
the saying "It's an ill'procession where
the devil holds the candle."
A. Minor.
EniTon Courier s—I am very sorry indeed that tho Free Press, which usually
takes a sensible view of public questions,
should be guilty of the following paragraph in an editorial on "Tbe Employment of Prisoners" i
"We cannot see where the great
amount of harm or injury it done by compelling these men to do such work. While
it is certainly humiliating to those who
are compelled to walk through the street
with a ball and chain and atliretl in a
prison garb, il must he remembered that
this is part of Iheir punishment, and he-
fore the offence was Committed for which
Ihey were sentenced, Ihey were perfectly
well aware of what awaited them if detected."
Now, ns to the harm or injury done by
compelling these men to work on the
streets, I can only say that some years
ago a convict in the X. VV. penitentiary
gave as his reason for being there, that
having been sentenced to the chain gang
in Victoria for a trilling oU'enee, he had
lost everything—his character   was gone,
he was a  branded n; and so be fell
fronihatltovvor.se, until the gates of the
penitentiary closed upon him for a term
of years.
Lei us suppose that the prisoner Know
previous to the commission of Ids fan .-
pas that a public exhibition awaited liim.
Does it necessarily follow that the punish-
ishmeiit is a correct one, or one in stricl
conformity With the creation of a good
moral tune in Ibe community where such
punishment Is in vogue? The assertion
that the appearance of the chain gang
upon the streets exercises a salutary effect "in the minds Of Ihe youths" retpiires
but little refutation. It is sheer unadulterated nonsense.
"Vice is a monster of such frightful mien
That to he hated, needH butlo bo Seen,
Bul— seen too oft, familial' with her face;
We lirst endure, then pity, then embrace"
It is haul to believe I hut lirst offenders
and men Confined for trivial offences, prefer by all means to he employed in tlie
open air and o-i the public si reels with
letters on Iheir limbs, antl in the company
of Chinese ami Siwashes antl a low criminal element, I have heard no advoca-
of a confinement of prisoners—in defence
of detention in "a close, ill-smelling
find unhealthy room," which successive
gram) juries have declared to he clean,
well ventilated ami sweet. Prisoners require open air work, but let it be within a
prison enclosure sufficiently large to give
them plenty of exercise nnd plenty of
work. VV. Wymond Wai.kem.
Editor Courier :—The tombstone peddler desires lo return his heartfelt thanks to
the "Old Man of the Mountain"—"The
Omnipitent'*—f.ir the timely advice given
him. He also wishes to express his gratitude
for thc information derived from this august
being whose gigantic mind when soaring to
its zenith grasped the wondrous idea that
monuments erected in * lhc "City of the
Dead" are similar to some of the designs
hawked around by thc tombstone peddler.
Truly the subject ond thc conclusion are of
such paramount importance that it will prove
interesting and instructive to thc public.
"I'F.c, Top" cigars; four lor a QUARTER at
the Little Wonder Cigar Store.
* J. H. HlI.RERT.     |
Rome verv elaborate and handsome
things in mantles and new neck wear at f
Arthur Bullocks. *
Before pnrchasim. anv groceries, drj
gootls, jewelry or am- other merchandise,
consult tlieudvertisciiii'ii.KiiitlieCii' ci'- .
Strangers  and  olhers  visiting   Heparin,
Hay or  East    Wellinging    are strictly   pro
hibited   from riding  on the cart on the Efts'
Wellington   Railway.—EAST  WELLINGTON COAL CO.
The Vancouver Coal Mining and Land Co.,
limited, hereby give notice thai any person
found cutting or r.-moving timber fr >m ih.-iv
land, without htainiiu; p nnis.ion at the
Company's Oliit;. will hi pr- -touted.- S.
M. Robins   -.int rinieii'i.-ni. *
Will Opes on Friday Next, April 5th
WITH  A CAREFULLY  SELECTED AND
FIRST-CLASS STOCK OF 150VS' AND
GENTLEMEN'S'FURNISHINGS.
All goods mark* 1 in plain figures and of CASH PRICES.
T. L. BROWNE & CO..    -   Next door to Spencer & Perkins.,
VICTORIA   CRESCENT.
Everybody   Is   Invited,
-I
ol
5]
-1
' Hi
S_l
w
w I
'A
NEW TO-DAY.
C3-H-A.KTI_>
Free :-: Entertainment
—OK   THE—
Wellington 1.0, G, T,
Weanestlay. April lOlli, at 7:30 p.m.,
—AT   I'HF.—
Wellington Hall
Mr. Scott, L.D., will preside.
 PRO..K-.MM..	
Sun. by the choir.
Sol Mr. Edward,
Address kfv. . . Ch_.uiberl.iin
Music Wellington Band
-I.ECI'UKl-
Suhj-et—T.mperanci- J. W. TORTER
Song Br the "Three John's
MUSIC,  Etc.
April 7*io
Steamer Jjk Rustler
i£____.:_s.
THE STEAMER RUSTLER
Note fee /moress:   A'os, r,J,J, ftc,
Bifstinn,   Front mid   Wharf
Sts., Nanaimo, Ii, C.
Vanllouten & Randle
IM.0I.T1.KS AND DEALERS IN
Hardware : Stover
Tinware
KAJViJ
on n
-_J     -i- '■..   mVmt"   .
.::.. Y/.q
. *"
iy30
XXk   7*. to,   "81
Goods will bi soM .it cost to li.'afc'u room for an entire new stock.
U'tj intvino lur tne future to
BUY FOR CASH AND SELL FOR CASH.l
And our Prices will be LESS than Auction or
Co-Onerrttive Prices.
CASH  - CLOTHING  - STORE,
B. AARONSON & CO..   -   Commercial St. netir Bastion, Nanaimo, B.
I   am
Mltrcll ;_—Mnv
We manufacture all kinds of
SHEET IRON, TIN
AND COPPER WARE.
PLUMBING    VND ITTINC
I'r im| •'    ill
£'-■   '■   ,, ,-■: !', > f,Tin R 'ofing ant
Comic    V   ,.!,.    I       ial  i giv.n nnd vvorl
guarint.  d.
VANHOUTEN & RANDLE,
Victoria Crescent     ~     -     Nanaimo, Ii. C.
..ussell KcDonald_Co., CALDWELL ft LEWI.
Nanaimo Land Office.
HAVVTHORNT1IWAITE   &   CO.
WII I.  LEAVE
FOR SALE
NEWCA^TI-F. DISTRICT—St'i-en ncres,
mure or less, very^ootl land, Midstream
running through, close to t-OmoxRoad
j A desirable homestead, minerals included—
j $1000.    *
Newcastle Townsite—Lot OS, Mock 3.
$225 Term..
TT"     _-l      tiii        c   r rr\ _j     I     Lot 41, bl .rk io, $ .00 c_.Ii.
Hirst s Wharf for  Texada    nan.umo City-tVa houses and 2 lots,
enrner  H.iliburton  atttl  Trace  streets, verv
MONDAY  MORXINC |desirable  location  for  store or  dwelling,
$2 s°°.
Lot 8. block  13, $180:-  urnis.   Splendit
business sit
GcNERAL   DEALERS
A NO
AUCTIONEERS
COMMERCIAL   ST,
NANAIMO.
Sell  in   the  regular way at Rock-Bottom
Prices ond at the
Saturday Night Auction Sale
TO   THE   HIGHEST DIDDERS;
"OSITIYKLV  WITHOUT RESERVE.
 TIIE-
: Fashionable : Tailorl
Il.ve the Choicest Assortment of
Foreign and Domestij
CLOTHS AND TWEEDS,
CLOTHS AND TWEEDS,
CLOTHS AND TWEEDS,
 AND	
GENTS'  FURNISHING  GOODS
GENTS' FURNISHING  GOODSl
GENTS' FURNISHING  GOODSl
IX XAX.UMO.
I
I. 0. O. F.
•ANNIVERSARY
-Latest
|JeS Mi. am
CALL    :   AND    :   SEE     :   US|
CALDWELL & LEWIS,
3£lll      and.      SUpper.   Commercial Street   -   -   Xannimo, B.
apl3.1n1
Under the Auspices of  ■„ _—
LACK    DIAMOND    LODGE   No.    -. TEAMING-
INSTITUTE    HALL
Friday, April 26th, '89.
r\   DERS   FOR  DRAVAOE   OR  TIAMINri
^ left _t the Excelsior Bakery, Commercial streell
or Mansou's store, ltaliLuirtoii street, will rtcctvq
prompt attention at moderate rates.
A. ANDERSON,
Albeit Street,
April 6 -tf Nanaimo, B.C.
TICKETS
G. H. BLAKEWAY& C0.1
IMPORTING AND DISPENSING
CHEMISTS AND DRUGGISTS.
The Nanaimo Pharmacy]
5 X O • _J COMMERCIAL   STREET.
U U SX It 6 C 6 IV 6 O   Thysician Prescriptions carefully compounded J
Country orders nromotlv rtticndwl io.
$3 00.
—A CARLOAD OF-
_A.t _S» O'clocls. ct.-xrt..
I'tir   frciglit    or   pU-flgl ap.'ly on  li>ard,    or  ti
M. Mamso
DON'T STOP
t'STII, YOO  AltltlVE AT
Where   you   can  g-1  goods
LOWER than at Eastern prices.
Just  to hand a beautiful stock of
Lois 11 and 12, block .- -$1000.
I.ocnli ins for resitlenc- and business sit.-:
throughout th city,
Nine blocks in the . yndic_i_ Addition l-
Port Angeles. Fauns in all parts of th
Provided npL)
HARYHONT- BROS.,
DIALERS   IN
New and Second-Hand
GOODS.
Gold and Silver WatchesAn Kinds c" Go°   *m<
AxxcSL  Olocks SoId   an"   '':; ied-
At    prices    that    will   surprlu   you.     I VICTORIA CRE.
Painters
Should  Call and see our immense stock of
BRUSHES of all kinds.
TRUNKS, VALISES, LAMP
CHIMNEYS, BROOMS, Etc.
AUCTION SALE ONSATURDAY NIGHT
April 1..
<i      ,i:.' I 1   1 inciw Hotel.
J. H. HIipfRl
KEEPS   THE I.ARnrST AND ItFST
BOOTS   AND SHOES IN THE CITY.
Give him a call and r;et pric. s.
MON HOUSE,    .   COMMERCIAL ST.
Mar 15-tf
Ming Stos (4 Ranges §
BETTER Til. N ANV iN THE
MARKET.
ii^It will pay to see them before buying
elsewhere
J.EPLEACE,
—DEALER IN—
U8DWAEE,    STOVES,    PAINTS,    OILS,
KT .     8TC.
Victoria   Crescent,
NANAIMO, u. C,
NOTICE.
Having disposed of lhc type nnd l.xtures <
the Nanaimo Morning Courier to thc Coin*-'
.it Priuiingatid Pt.bushi._g Company, all ac« .
Hints due the saitl   paper  will be collected .
y me,  and all  liabilities of the Nanaimo ,
I Morning COURIER will be   paid  b» me on 1
presentation. UOIIT. TODD.
".REWARD.
A REWARD OP TEN DOLLARS WILL BE
** p-iu fnr any Informttton that will Icidtetht
Conviction of any per-cni unlawfully removing fiuwcm
from .my |{r..v*. in the Nanaimo ccmcltry.
HV OIIDKR UF THE TRUSTEE!).
Nannimo, _otb March, 'to—Ap 14
To the Travelling Public
TICKETS
■■■—        TO   /.If.    tOINTfi   ON    THF——
CANADIAN PACIFIC RAIL'V
And its connection, rw.y be ba 1 from
A. SHAW, Agent,   •   •   Nanaimo.
George Cavalsky's
Fnitlwftt
VICTORIA  ORESCENT,
Is the place loget your l-'I.UITalways
lhc firr.t and best of the season, be*
sides if vou want
^anoy    Ax* tlol..*,
Jewelry, Tipes and Cigars of which
he has the biggest assortment
in town ns well as being
agent for
McKay's   - London    -   Cigars,
For Nanaimo and Wellington.
His is the place and no other, as he imports
his own goods and saves you money.
Oive him a call and satisfy yourself.
Victoria Orescent.

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