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Mt. Pleasant Advocate Jul 20, 1907

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Array Mt. Pleasant
Devoted to' the interests of Mt. Pleasant and South Vancouver
-t-TABLisH-D April' 8th, 1899.   Whole No. 481.
Mt. Pleasant,  Vancouver,   B.C.,  Saturday,   July 20,   1907.
(Ninth Year.)   Vol. 9, No. 15
AINLESS, and by the most Skillful Operators known to the
profession. Our Specialists are all Graduates, Liscensed
COLUMBIA. Wc give, you a Written Protective Guarantee for
10 years with all Dental Work.
147 Hastings St. Telephone 1566.
Olllce Hours: 8 a.m., to 9 p.m.;  Sundays 9 a.m.,   to 2 p.m.
This may seem au odd question,
but it is not an uncommon fact.
If you can not depeud entirely
upon your watch, if time and
satisfaction is worth anything,
yonr watch should be thoroughly
repaired or a new one should be
Iu addition to the special movements of onr" own manufacture
we carry all tbe best watches of
tin' well known American and
Swiss manufacturers.
We closeat 5:86 p.m., July & Aug.
Jewelers & Diamond :___hohants
Corner Hastiugs uud Granvi.lo Sts,
Geo.   E.   TROREY,
MautiginK Director,
For   local  nows   subscribe    for  THE
ADVOCATE only $1 for 12 months.
Call up 790    *
Watson Co.'s
when in need of  anything
in the drug linfe.
Our   messenger   service   is
Trv It;
Crown. Economy.
J. P. Nightingale &C0.
Westminster & Seventh Aves.   lit. Pleasant.
•   Telephone I860.
The Northern
Head Office - - Winnipeg, Manitoba.
Authorized Capital  $6,000,000
Cor. Westminster and Ninth avenues.
Drafts and Bank Money Orders
A General Banking   Business
We invite you to start an account in our
Open Saturday Nights, 7 to 9 o'clock,
J. E. HAWKSHAW, Manager
Lawn Grass Seeds
Clover and Timothy Seeds,
Pratt's Poultry and Animal Foods.
Pratt's Lice Killer,
Holly Chick Food, Beefscraps, Etc.
**\    WPITH  Corner   NINTH avenue   &
TelI'phouc    1(13 7.
Incorporated 18(19.
Mt. Pleasant Branch
Local Items.
Changes for advertisements should be
in before Thursday noon to insure their
The Municipal Council of South Van
couver will meet this Saturday
The annual Picnic, Barbecue and
Dance of the Vancouver Butchers will
be held in North Vancouver on Wednesday July 24th.
The family of Mr. and Mrs. W. R.
Owen is camping at Lonsdale, North
Vancouver. Other Mt. Pleasant
people there are the families of Aid.
R. Mills and C. W. Murray.
Rev. J. P Westman, Pastor.
Snnday July 21st —Morning subjeot:
"The    Greatest    Vision."      Evening
subject:   "Diversity  in  Union,  or  is
Church Union Possible?"
Capital Paid-up
Reserve Fund..
. *4.890,000.
and upwards, received and interest,
allowed thereon. Compounded
FOUR times yearly.
7 to 8 o'clook.
transacted.   •
W. A. Schwartz, Manager.
If you miss Thk Advocate you mis*
the local news..
Miss Olive J. Morrison and Miss
Lydia Copeland were In attendance
at the C. E. Convention in Seattle
this week; they shopped at "The
Washington" while ln the Coast
For a cool refreshing drink of soda
water or a dish of the best ice oream
made in the city, go to Main's in the
Burritt Block.
All kinds—all prices    Air-tights from $2.50 up.
in fact, everything for the home.
We are always pleased to have you call and inspect our stock.
i    i\    n   u   iu   Mt«  PLEASANT
J. A. neiiy Lid. hardware store.
Tel. 4 4 7.
We have just received another   j [
lot of the  famous  W. G. & R,
Shirts, in the latest patterns.
j |   Also a nice range of
11   A full line of Boots & Shoes.
2415 Westminster avenue
Mt. Pleasant.
Mrs. DePeucier, wife of Rev. D
Pencier of Brandon, Man., was one
of the delegates to the National
Convention of the Council of Women this week, and is being entertained by Mrs. H. P. DePencier, corner of Seventh avenue and Quebec
street. i
"The Advocate" 0 months for 50c.
Keep a bottle
of our OREAM OF
in a handy place, A
Specific for Sunburn, prevents Freckles, and allays
any irritation caused by heat.
Unsurpassed as an After
Shave. Prepared and sold
only by—
Drug Co.
Cor. Seventh & Westminster
avenues. 'Phone 2.136.
Physicians'  Prescription
a specialty.
Dominion    Express   Money
Orders issued.
A class is being formed for instruction iu Reading Music at Sight correctly, also Class Siuging. For full particulars as to terms, etc., apply to Mrs.
O'Dell, 175 Niuth avenue west.
Among the Mt. Pleasant young people who returned this week from the
C. E. Convention at Seattle were: Miss
M. Lee, Miss H. Burritt, Miss A. Lee,
Miss E. Sim, Miss McCain, Mr. H.
Sim, Mr. S. Clark, Miss Gerrard,
Miss M. MacBeth, Miss M. Ross.
Electric belts and family batteries repaired; made as good as new.
Capt. H. B. Walton, 531 Ninth Avenue W.
Mr. Charles E. Netherby arrived
home Tuesday from an extensive
tour embracing New York City, Baltimore, Washington, .D C, Chicago
Salt Lake City, Toronto, Montreal
and Bowmanville, Ont. Mr. Netherby
expects to oppen a drug store within a month at the corner of Robson
and Thurlow streets.
Fruit Jars
Economy and Crown—the two best made.
Pure Ontario Honey
Picnic Basket.
H. G. Lee,
2425   Westminster  Ave
'Phone  322
!     King's Heat flarket     |
i,   R. Porter & Sons*       2321 Westminster Ave.
j Wholesale and Retail
j t Dealers in all kinds of Fresh and Salt Meats. Fresh Vegetables always
J [ on hand. Orders solicited from all parts of Mount Pleasant and Fairview.
<   Prompt Delivery.   FRESH FISH DAILY.   Poultry iu season. *
Jt Tel. 2306. j*
Flint's Bromo Grippe—best cure for
cold in the head—25c a box at the
M. A. W. Co.'s Postoffice Drug  Store.
Miss Elsie Wells of Tirtrteenth avenue, entertained her younger music
pupils on Thursday afteruoou at a
picuic at Second Beach, a most delightful time was spent by the children.
The pupils attending were: Luiu and
Ruth Mellon, Freda Murray, Mildred
Kelman, Myrtle Young, Katie Home-
wood, Lillian Forey, Helen Weeks,
Vera Frazier, Ella Bowden, Hazel
Cooper, Howe and Ford Moore, Flora
Hicks, Dudley Russell, Edith McCutcheou, Mabel Tinman.
Young men take yonr young lady
friends to Main's, in the Burritt Block,
for cool refreshing drinks and ice oream
DO IT NOW l-tf not already a Sub
pcribor to "Tho Adv.xiate" become one
now.   Only |l. tor. is ipontbs.
Real Estate
In pussing our store during
the past week you will
have noticed the chango
we have made in one of
our windows. It is now n
Real Estate Office and is
managed by Mr W. J.
Pascoe whom we have
known for the past five
years, and auy property
you have to list will be
promptly looked after, nlso
there are a. few special buys
Oall aud see Mr. Pasco.
11 Wm. Stanley & Co. jj
I ! —Papf.r-hanokrs— ] I
i I AT,-..-.. I.  . -..-     II, s.r.* I
] I       Northern Bank Block.
1 :   Niuth te Westmiuster avenues.
•Phone a1695.
Rend the New York Dental Parlors
advertisement, in this paper, tken go to
Vew York Dental Parlors t<* your work
List your
LOTS for
Sale with
ThrCanadian Bank
of Commerce
Deposits of One Dollar and npwnrr'*
received aud interest allowed thereon.
Bank Money Orders  issued.
A General Banking Business
OFFICE HOURS: 10 ». m. to 3 p. in '
Saturdays: 10 am. to 12 m., 7 to 8 p.m.
East tnd Branch
444 WMtniltuter      C. W. DURHAN*
Amber al ~_b-t bMn." "•>'•* atx* L" Eta.
eor-miGHT,    iwb.    by    lothrop    pub _»hinc    company
IT wus court week, and the grand
Jury was In session. There were
many people in the streets of tht.
sbire town. Tbey moved with a
slow foot, some giving their animation
to Bqulnts of curiosity and shouts of
recognition, some to profanity and plug
tobacco. Squire Day and Colonel Judson were to argue the famous maul*
eugar case, ana many causes of local
celebrity were on the calendar.
The third day of that week—it was
about tbe middle of tbe afternoon—a
score of men gossiping in the lower
hall of the court building were hushed
suddenly. A young man came hurrying down the back stairs witb a look
cf excitement.
"Wl    's up?" said one.
"Sidney Trove is indicted," was the
answer of tbe youug man. .
He ran out of doors and down the
street. People begau crowding out of
the courtroom. Information, surprise
and coujecture~a kind of flood pouring out of a broken dam—rushed up
aud down the forty streets of the village. Soon, as of old, many were
aliout and some few were drowning in
It. For a little, busy bauds fell limp
and feet grew slow und tongues halted. A group of schoolgirls on their
way home were suddenly overtaken by
the ourushing tide. Tbey came close
together and whispered. Then a little
cry of despair, und oue of them fell
ind was borne into a near house. A
young man ran up the stairway at the
Sign of the Dial and rapped loudly at
Darrel's door. Trove and tbe tinker
were Inside.
"Old fellow," said the newcomer, bis
baud upou Trove's awn, "they've voted
to indict you, aud I've seen all the
Trove bad a book in bis band. He
rose calmly and flung it on the table.
"It's an outrage," said he, with a
"Nay, an honor," said Darrel quickly. "Hold up thy bead, boy. Tbe laurel shall take the place o' the frown."
He turned to the bearer of these evil
"Have ye more knowledge o' the
"Yes, all day I have been getting
bold of their evidence." said the newcomer, a law student, who was uow
faring his friend Trove. "In the first
place, It wus a man of blue eyes and
about your build wbo broke Into the
bank ut Milldam. It ia tbe sworn statement of the clerk, who has now recovered. He does not go so far ns to say
you are the man, but does say it was a
man like you that assaulted blm. It
appears the robber had his fuce covered witb a red biindniina handkerchief
in whicli square holes were cut so he
could see through. The clerk remembers it was covered with a little white
figure, that of a log cabin. Such a
handkerchief was sold years ago In tbe
campaign of Harrison, but bns gone
out of use. Not a store In tbe county
bas bud tbem since 1845. Tbe clerk
flred upon him with a pistol and thinks
he wounded him In the left forearm.
In their fight the robber struck bim
wltb a slung shot, aud be fell and remembers nothing more until he came
to Iu the dark alone. Tbe skin was
cut in little squares wbere tbe shot
struck blm, and that Is one of tbt
strong points against you."
"Against me?" suid Trove.
"Yes—that aud another. It seems th»
robber left behind him one end of a
bar of Iron. The other end of tbe same
bar and a slung shot—llie very one tbat
probably felled the clerk—bave been
The speaker rose and walked half
across tbe room aud back, looking
down thoughtfully.
"I tell ye wbat. old fellow," said he,
sitting dowu again, "it Is mighty
strange. If 1 didn't know you well,
I'd think yon guilty. Here comes a detective who says uuder outli that one
nlgbt he saw you come out of your
lodgings about 11 o'clock and walk to
the middle of the bridge and throw
something Into tbe water. Next morning bur and shot were found. As nearly as be conld make out, tbey Iny directly under the place where you bad
Darrel sat looking thoughtfully at
the speaker.
"A detective?" said Trove, rising
erect, a stern look upon blm.
"Yes, Dick Roberts."
"Roberts, a detective!" said Trove in
a whisper. Tben he turned to Darrel,
adding, "I shall have to find the
"Louis Leblanc?" tb* young map
"Louis Leblanc," Trove answered,
with. su-Tirta*.
"lie bas been found,"' said the other.
"Tben I shall be able to prove my
point. He came to his home drunk one
night and begun to bully bis family. I
was boarding with the Misses Tower
and went over and took the shot and
Iron from his bands and got bim to
bed. Tbe woman begged me to bring
them away."
"He declares that he never saw tha
shot or the iron."
Darrel rose ai-d drew bis chair a bit
"Very well, but there's the wife,"
said he quickly.
"Sbe will swear, too, that she never
saw tbem." <
"And how about the daughter?"
Trove inquired.
"Run away and nowhere to be
found," was the answer of the otber
young man. "I've told you bad news
enough, but there's more, and you
ought to know it all. Louis Leblanc is
In Quebec, and be says tbat a clock
tinker lent him mouey with which to
leave the States."
"It was 1, an' God bring him to repentance, the poor beggar!" said Darrel. "He agreed to repay mc within a
fortnight an' was in sore distress, but
he ran away, an' I got no word o' him."
"Well, the inference is that you, being a friend of the accused, were trying to help him."
"I'm caught lu a web," said Trove,
leaning forward, bis head upon his
hands, "and Lelilunc's wife is the spider. How aliout the money? Have
tbey been able to Identify It?"
"In pnrt. yes. There's one bill that
puzzles tbem. It's tbnt of an old bnnk
in New York city thnt failed years ago
nnd went out of business."
Then a moment of silence and that
sound of tbe clocks, like footsteps of s>
passing caravan, some slow aud heavy,
ionic quick, us if impatient to be gone.
"Ye speediug seconds'." suid Darrel
as he crossed to the bench. "Still tby
noisy feet!"
Then be walked up and down, thinking.
The friend of Sidney Trove put on
bis hut and stood by the door.
"Dou't forget," said he; "you have
many frieuds or I should uot be able
to tell you these things. Keep them to
yourself nnd go to work. Of course
you will be able to prove your inno-
"1 thank you witb all my heart," said
"Aye; 'twas friendly," the old man
remarked, taking the boy's baud.
"I bave to put my trust iu Tunk, the
poor liar!" said Trove wben tbey were
"No," Darrel answered quickly.
"Were ye drowning ye might as well
lay bold of a straw. Trust in thy honor; it is enough."
"Let's go and see roily," said the
young man.
"Aye, sbe o' the sweet heart," suid
the tinker.   "We'll go at once."
They left the shop, and on every
street tbey traveled there were groups
of men gossiping. Some nodded, others
turned awuy, as tbe two passed. Dick
Roberts met tbem at the door of the
bouse wbere Polly boarded.
"I wish to see Miss Vaughn," suid
Trove coolly.
"She ls 111." said Roberts.
"Could I not see ber for a moment?"
Trove Inquired.        '
"Is she very sick?"
Darrel came close to Roberta. Ha
•o.ikcd sternly ut tbe young man,
"Boy." said be, with great dignity,
his long forefinger raised, "within a
day ye shall be clothed with shame."
"Tbey were strange words," Trove
thought, ns they walked awuy ln silence, and wben tl^ey had eome to the
little shop it was growing dusk.
"Wbat have I done to bring tbls upon me and my friends?" said Trove,
sinking into a chair.
"It is what I bave done," said Darrel. "nn' now I take the mantle o' tby
shame. Rise, boy, an' bold up tby
bead."  '
Tbe old man stood erect by tbe side
of tbe young man.
"See, I am as tall an' broad as thou
He went to an old chest and got a cap
and drew lt down upon his hend, pushing his gray hair under It. Then he
took from bis pocket a red bnudnnnn-'
handkercbicf, figured with a cabin, tying It over his I^ce, ne turned, looting at Trove through two square holes
in the handkerchief.
"Behold tbe robber!" sold he.
"You know who Is the robber?"
Trove Inquired.
Darrel raised tha handkerchief and
flui_-Jt back uppn bis bepd.   .
"Tis RodSrlclf Darrel,"'said he, his
band now on the shoulder of tbe young
For a moment both stood looking into
each other's eyes.
"What joke is this, my friend?"
Trove whispered.
"I speak not lightly, boy. If where
ya tbougbt were honor an' good faith
there be only guilt an' shame, cau ye
believe ln goodness?"
For his answer there were silence
and tbe ticking of the clocks.
"Surely ye can an' will," said tbe old
man, "for there Is the goodness o' thy
owu heart. Ah, boy, though I have it
not, remember that I loved honor an'
bave sought to fill thee with It. This
night I go where ye ennrot follow."
The tinker turned. In It ing a pendulum.
Trove groaned as he spoke. "O man,
tell me, quickly, what do you mean?"
"Tbat God hath laid bis band upon
me," said Darrel sternly. "1 cannot
see thee suffer, boy, wben I am tbe
guilty one. O Redeemer o! the world,
baste me, haste me, now to punishment!"
Tbe young man staggered, like one
dazed by the shock of a blow, stepped
backward and partly fell on a louuge.
"You, you will confess and go to
prison!" he whispered.
"Fair soul," said tbe old man, striking the boy's bead, "tblnk not o' me.
Wbere I go there be flowers—lovely
flowers—an' music an' the bards an'
prophets. Tbough I go to punishment,
still am I In the Blessed Isles."
"You ure. doing It to save me," Trove
whispered, taking tbe band of tbe old
man. "I'll not permit It. I'll go to
prison first."
"Am I so great a fool, think ye. as
to claim an evil that is not mine? An'
would ye keep in me tbe burning o*
remorse when I seek to quench it? I
warn thee, meddle not with the business o' me soul. That is between the
great God an' me."
Darrel stood to his full holt-lit. tbe
(Continued from page 3)
"Crime in "
re*. kaD-krreblcf covering bis head and
fulling ou nis back. He began wltb a
tone of contempt tbat changed quickly into one of sharp command. There
was a little silence, tben a quick rap.
"Come iu," Durrel shouted as he let
tbe handkerchief fall upon bis face
Tbe district attorney, a constable and
tbe bank clerk, wbo bud been Injured
tbe uigbt of the robbery, came in. I
"He ls not guilty," suid Trove, rising.
"1 command ye. boy, be silent!" said
Darrel steruly.
"Have ye ever seen that hand?" he
added, approaching the clerk and point-
lug at a red mark as large as a dime
on the buck of his left band. I
"Yes," tbe clerk answered, wltb surprise, looking from band to handkerchief; then, "turning to tbe luwyer, he
added. "This is tbe mun." |
"Now," Darrel continued, rolling up
his sleeve, "I'll show wbere tby bullet j
struck mc In the left arm.   See; there
It seared tbe flesh!"
Tbey saw u scar, quite nn incb Ion;,
midway from band to ellww.
"Do you menu to suy that you ar; i
guilty of tbls crime?" tbe attorney '
"I am guilty aud ready for punishment." Darrel auswered. "Now, discharge the boy."
"Tomorrow," sold the attorney. "That
ki for tbe court to do."
Darrel went to Trove, who now *at
weeping, bis face upon his bands.
"Ob, the great rivers o' tears!" said
Darrel, touching the boy's head. "Beyond It are tbe greeu shores of happiness, an' I have crossed, au' Boon shalt
thon. Stop, boy; It 111 becomes thee.
There la a dear, dear child whose heart
_ breaking.   Go an' comfort ber."
Trove sat as if be bad not beard. The
tinker went to bis table and hurriedly
wrote a line, folding and directing It.
"Go quickly, boy, au' tell her nn' then
take this to Riley Brooke for me."
Tbe young man struggled a moment
for self mastery, rose, wliii a sigh and
a stern look, and put ou bis bat
"It is about ball?" be Whispered.
"Yes," Darrel anawe^ed.
Trove hurried away? A woman mel
hhn at the door wjthln which Polly
"Is she better?" Trove asked.
"Yes, but has asked me to say that
ahe doe? .not wish to see, you."
cTo "Be Continued'*
was Prepared for Disclosures
"As I must determine whether ot
no the evidence discloses any und a
restraint, I must consider the que?,
tion at large. I must "confess, kt.et
what I had read during the last several years, I approached the trial ol
this case quite prepared lor disclo •
ures of methods inimical to the public interests. I felt, too, that when
the control of a great market had
passed into the hands ol a comparn-
tive few, its management becami
impressed with a great public tru.-t.
While the public good impels tho
eradication from such institutions ol
all that works to the people's detr.-
ment, it i3 equally of public interes.
that our market be neither traduced
bv its enemies or wrecked through n
misunderstanding of those economia
conditions for the continuation el
which it is a public necessity. At tha
trial counsel for the crown wer.',
therefore, given the wideBt latitudi
irt' their inquiry. The whole question was investigated practical.'
witho'it restriction. Yet with all t J
evidence before me, I am forced ti
the opinion that not oirfy was no undue restraint of trade disclosed, b t
that the very acts complained of,
taken in connection with these su.-
rounding conditions, made on tin
whole for a more stable market "t
the fullest values and so for the public good.   -
The Commission Rule
"The gravium of tlie whole charg.
hangs on the commission rule.
Doubtless if it was abrogated soni i
business would be temporarily do; J
at less than one cent a bushel profit,
but for how long? Witnesses all
agrae this was the lowest profit o i
which the business could live. Sr.c i
a change- must result in unsettled
conditions which, while temporarily
profitable to the wheat grower, woul I
inevitably result in an erratic ami
unstable market. As conditions a. a
now, according to all the evidence,
Fort William prices nre the highest
the world's markets can justify, and
these are the prices, leBs necessary
freight rates, storage and carryii'.!
charges, and less one cent a bushel
as the dealers' profit, which the farmer actually receives for his grain.
Verdict for Defendants
"The safeguard to the grain grower, and to me it appears a very re; 1
and permanent one, ib the impossibility of preventing the freest competition by the millers and the export purchasers. With the expo t
market settled at its full value anil
with equivalent coiriparative locnl
priceB assured to the farmer by our
present Bystem of car distribution
and car loading, it would appear in
the interest rather than to the detriment of the grain growers of o; r
country that the intermediate profits between the grower and the exporter should be taken care ot by a
fixed, certain and reasonable commission rather than that the market
should be destroyed, the legitimate
dealers' credit impaired and the grni i
trade of our great Canadian weso
made   sport  for   speculators.
"For these reasons I find then
was no undue restraint. Under mv
construction of the statute no evidence was offered to support the fir .
and second counts in the indictment.
The defendants are  not guilty."
Tha  Way  Manufacturers  Conceal   Defects In the Casting,
It might very uutiiiully Wave been
thought that if there was one trader
which could he snld to be free from
trickery and faking it wns thut of steel
manufacture. The mere fact that steel
Is synonymous with stlt'Ugtb would
seem to bear out this view. Anil yet .
methods ure souii-tiiues adopted In tin.
making of steel which once again Illustrate the saying that there ure tricks
In every trade.
At tbe same time It must be admitted that some of these tricks when cur.,
ried out do not uecessarlly uienn a
lessening In tbe soundness nnd quulity
of tbe material. Kor Instance, it sometimes happens that in casting a piece
of steel what Is known ns a "blowhole" occurs. Ofteu this Is not noticed
until the steel hus been cut and trimmed for tbe required purpose. In sncli
a case the hole Is usually "tapped" uml
a well fitting screw inserted, the head
of tbe latter being filed off so closely
to the metal thnt it needs an expert
eye to detect uny unusual feature.
Tbls Isji trick whlcb makes no difference ln"the strength »f tbe metal ami
consequently is quite harmless.
Sometimes, however, a crack appears in a piece of metal which It Is
Impossible to remedy by the usual expedients of hammering and rolling.
The careful manufacturer will put tha
piece on one side and mnke a fresh
casting, for if such a piece of metal
were used as a crank shaft for Instance, If might split at a time of extra
strain and so bring untold disaster.
On the other hand, the manufacturer may decide thut be cannot afford to
throw tbe faulty casting ou one side.
and In ordeT to cover the defect It is
put In tbe open air to rust. Tbe weatber will most likely be found to have
filled the crack by the time the cast-
lug Is required, and uo one outside tlie
foundry will have known of Its existence until perhaps It causes a vessel to
become disabled. And. as It is almost
impossible to tell afterward bow the.
crack originated, the maker is quit.-
secure from blame.
One of the most sensational scandals
which have agitated tbe ensii-crlme
world for some years past came to
light not long ago in connection with
tbe building of a great battleship.
After a trial trip she was found to Ih>
somewhat leaky, and an examination
of some of the plates forming the side
of the vessel revealed tbe startling fnct
that tbe rivets had been put In the
boles cold and simply calked.
When a ship's plates are riveted together. It is usual not only of course to
drive tbe rivets In red hot but also to
calk them over with a special composition as an extra caution against leakage. In the case mentioned the builder was working under contract and In
order to save time resorted to the trick
described. The result was thnt the
strain on the plates quickly loosened
tbe calking, and some of tbe rivet-
actually dropped out of the holes.—
London Tit-Bits.
•Tidylng-Up"   by  Gardener*.
During the winter the gardener usually finds time "to tidy up the
shrubbery," as  he expresses it.
This operation, if it is permitted, is
aa painful to watch"*as tidying up the
borders. It consists, firstly, in clearing nway all fallen leaves, and. secondly, in turning over all. the soil ir-1
tween the shr-'bs. The mischief which |
A single able-bodied man can do in
this way in tlie courso of a day's
•ork  is  incalculable
When trees and shrubs have occupied the snme positions for a number of years, the ground anvmd them
becomes densely matted with roots,
snd mnny must be destroyed by digging. Nor is this /ill, adds The Bystander. The leaves serve two useful purposes.
To remove this nosering is to expose the root*, lying, ns they do.
close ta the surface to the risk oi
Injury by frost, tn say nothing about
the  effects  of drought  in summer.
~A Bad Practice.-
"I've a good notion." said Plodding
Pete, "to join dis forestry association."
"Wbat furr
**I want de trees preserved In all delr
venerable beauty. I want to 'see de
monarch* of de wilderness left undisturbed in delr peaceful majesty. It's
time dls practice of hand!In' a man an
ax an' tellin' blm to chop wood was
The Great Difference.
Poonnan—Of course there's a big difference between a botanist and a florist.
Ascuin—Is there, really? Poonnan—
Yes; a botanist Is one who knows all
•bout flowers, and a florist ls one wbo
.knows all about the prices people will
Senate Gavel Handleless.
It Is au odd fnct tbnt tbe gavel use-
by the presiding officer of the senate
bns no handle, like that used by tbe
speaker of tbe bruise. It Is an Ivory
contrivance, modestly ornamented, of
cylindrical shape und about four Inches
long, lu wielding It the vice president
bns to bold tbe gnvel In bis hand us if
lt were a small hammer without a handle. How the custom originated of
providliiti the vice president with a
bnndlcless gavel Is not known, thong.
tbe oldest senate attache cannot re- -
member wheu It was otherwise. Just as
tbe oldest senate attache cannot remember when the gold snuffbox that
occupies Its ancient niche at tbe right
of tbe vice president's raised desk was
not dutifully filled every moruiug. although no statesman now patronizes
tbat once popular box for a geuila
Barbarians and Perfumes.
Though perfume may be tbe outcome
of civilization and more lavishly used
by nations well to tlie front in manners and polish, there are Instances of
people of great demoralization who
use lt ln some of their horrible customs. Tbe fetich men of Asbantl supply an Illustration of this, wbo, for tbe
benefit of young soldiers, concoct a
mixture of hlood, of human hearts and
of fragrant herbs, and Bettnny, quoting from Beecham, says, "All wbo bave
never before killed an enemy ln battle
eat of the preparation, It being believed tbat lf tbey did not tbelr energy
would be secretly wasted by the haunting spirits of deceased foes."
Not a Cnanee!
Married men will certainly appreciate the grim humor of tbe Staten Island schoolboy who wrote hi an epic,
"Tbelr foes In froBt, their wives behind—Impossible  was  flight"
It ts w»II there la no one without •
fault for be woaU not bare a frleud ln
8—okmij In Congress.
The rule niralnst smoking In congress wns adopted some years ago at
the suggestion of the late Senator ln-
iralls of Kansas. The Kansas senator
complained one dny that smoke was
lielng wnfted Into the chamber fro u
the corridors or cloakrooms. Oth^r
senators Joined the Kansan In protect
The rule wns passed. Later It developed that the smoke came from
iitirnlnrr waste near the capitol. and).
the wind carrlel It Into the btilldlin.'
When It reached the olfnctorles of Mr.
Imrnlls It reminded blm of fl Kansas
I'li-ar. Bnt the discovery of tbe mistake did not abate thn ml- THE ADVOCATE. VANCOUVER, BRITISH COLUMBIA.
Hidden   Treasure   of  Cromwell's   Era
The ruins of Bradley Old Hall,
near Ashbourne, are to be thoroughlv
•explored with a view to finding hidden  treasure.
The story goes that a quantity of
treasure was concealed in the cellnrs
when the hall was destroyed in the
time of Cromwell, and tnat the fact
was made known to Prince Charles
Edward when he was in Derbyshire
in 1745, by a Scottish minister, who
wns then in charge of Bradley
church.' A detachment of Highlanders came from Derbv to secure the
booty, but the Bradley folk have alwnys maintained that all the valuables were not removed. The hall
was formerly the residence of the
Meynells.—-London  Standard.
We offer One Hundred Dollars Reward
for any case of Catarrh that cannot be
cured by  Hall's Catarrh Cure.
P. J. CHENEY & CO., Toledo, O.
We. the undersigned, have known F. J.
Cheney (or the last 15 years, and believe
him perfectly honorable In all business
transactions, and financially able to carry
out any obligations made by his firm.
Waldlng, Klnnan & Marvin,
Wholesale Druggists. Toledo. O.
Hall's Catarrh Cure ls taken Internally,
acting directly upon the blood and mucous surfaces of the system. Testimonials sent free. Price. 7Bc. per bottle.
•Sold bv all Druggists.
Take Hall'a Family Pills for Constipation
Celluloid Starch needs
no cooking just
cold water and 'tis
ready. 'Twon't stick,
yet gives a better
gloss, with less iron-
rubbing, than any
starch you know.
Its price is little.
Your dealer sells it.
Try it this week,   jm
fig Celluloid
The school teachers of Oregon are
undertaking to raise $50,000 to defray
the expense of Peary's next voyage
in search of the North Pole.
Minard's Liniment Used by Physicians
The New York police now want an
■eight hour day. Several hundred
of them  recently met and organized
Hats   Imperil   the   Entente
Paris—The  Matin  raises   a   protest
against    the     general     wearing    by
I French children of sailor hats, made
m London,  with   such    ribbons    as
H.M.S.       Trafalgar,"       "victory,"
"Nile,"  "Cresoy,"  "Aboukir," all  recalling French defeats.
"It is nonsensical," says the Matin, "for French children to walk
about with English sailor hats as
though French children were British
subjects. It is the fashion just now
to go to England for boys' sailor hats
and suits, but supposing people were
to go to Germany? French mothers
would never allow their offspring to
wear caps with such words as 'Sedan' or 'Woerth.'"
We have no hesitation in saying
that Dr. J. D. Kellogg's Dysentery
Cordial is without doubt the best
medicine ever introduced for dysentery, diurrhoea, cholera and all summer complaints, sen sickness, etc.
I' promptly gives relief and never
fails to effect a positive cure. Mothers should never be without a bottle
when their  children  are teething.
The bishops of the United States
nnd Canada have assured the pope
of a contribution of 5,000,000 francs
nil hard, soft or calloused lumps and blemishes
from hones. blood spavin, curbs, splints.
•ringbone, Sweeney, stifles, sprnins. Bore and
swollen throat, coughs, etc. Save $50 by use
of one bottle. Warranted tile most wonderful
Blemish  Cure   ever known.
Grace Karl, a waitress of Sixth
avenue, New York, was attacked and
robbed by two men, who tore earrings from her ears, kicked and bent
her, then roped her to the bed and
escaped with jewelry valued at $500.
Terwilliger, the most ingenious
citizen of Eastport, L.I.,' has perfected his chicken-picking machine,
by means of which a chicken can be
separated from its feathers in three
*A Cough
Ayer's Cherry Pectoral is ■
regular cough medicine, •
strong medicine, a doctor-
medicine. Good for easy
coughs, hard coughs, desperate coughs. If your doctor
endorses it for your case, take
it. If not, don't take it. Never
go contrary to his advice.
We publish our formulae
_.     We --tilth eleohol
\m     from, our m•dlolne-a
We i\itm yon »o
•on suit yoar
The dose of Ayer's Pills is small, only
one at bedtime. Aa a rule, laxative doses
are better than cathartic doses. For constipation, biliousness, dyspepsia, sick-
headaches, they cannot be excelled.
Ask your doctor shout ihis.
——HsO oj _• J. o. A3«Oo., Leweu, -in
—sad all atomach
and bowel disorder..    J*
Mskes puny babies
plump and rosy.   Proved
by SO yeait' successful
use.    At"
\ik your dniggut
Nurses' ud Mothers' Treasure
ion— Dins tt Clt-mic-,1 Co., Limit—
Montml. i
An Infallible Cure
For Sprains, Ringbone, Splint, Curb,
Sweeney, Lameness snd Sort Bunches,
Kendall's Soavin Cure bas no equal.
Motn-BAl, P.Q., Sept. la, 't*.
"I here the care of a number of horses
and havs used your remedies, which
alwnys proved Infallible." A BaMtrfcrtm.
Be prepared—keep Kendall's always In
the stable. Our book "Treatise on the
Horse" free from dealers or
Jt > Mli«~« toi SS.
Dr. I. J.
Kendsll Ce.,
After  Hospital  Treatment  Failed  Dr.
Williams'   Pink  Pills Cured  Him
"I suffered the greatest agony
from rheumatism. Leading pnysi-
cians prescribed many medicines, '
but with unsatisfactory results. I
was compelled to gu to an hospital, |
but even the treatment there failed.
Then 1 took Dr. Williams' Pink
Pills and today I am a well man." j
These words were spoken by Clif- i
ford L. Forbes when interviewed at I
his home in Port Maitland, N.S. I
Mr. Forbes is a fisherman and had
always been very healthy, until some
three years ago while lisiiing off
Newfoundland he was /seized with a
very severe attack of rheumatism.
In his own words he says: "I was
fishing on the Grand Bunks in the
spring of 1903 when I was stricken
with rheumatism. I could not work
or sleep, and the pain was almost
unbearable. My case became so
serious that I had to be landed, and
for weeks I lay in a Cane Breton
hospital as helpless as a cripple.
The hospital doctors prescribed different remedies, but they did not
cure me. I then left the hospital
and was taken home with rheumatism apparently completely fastened
upon me. Day and night I suffered.
Nothing I did for the trouble seemed
to help me and I became despondent
and downhearted. Then a friend
advised me to try Dr. Williams'
Pink Pills. I was skeptical, but my
friend praised the pills so highly
that I determined to try them, with
the result you see today. I am
fully cured and have not since
hurl even a twinge of that dreaded
affliction. I cannot say too much in
favor of Dr. Wlliams' Pink Pills and
I urge all rheumatic sufferers to try
'Dr. Williams' Pink Pills cured Mr.
Forbes because they struck straight
nt the root and cause of his crippling rheumatism. , They don't act on
the mere sypmtoms like ordinary
medicine. They don't net on the
bowels. They do only one thing, but
they do it well—they actually make
new blood. In that way they root
out all common blood diseases like
anaemia, headaches and backaches,
rheumatism, sciatica, neuralgia and
the secret ailments of girls and women, who suffer unspeaknbly when
the richness nnd regularity of their
blood becomes disturbed. Dr. Williams' Pink Pills are sold by all
dealers in medicine, or sent by mail
nt 50 cents a box or six boxes for
$2.50, by writing The Dr. Willinms
Medicine Co.,  Brockville,  Ont.
"You have some stock in a gold
mine out west, haven't you? Is it
paying nny dividends?"
"Not now. You see, they've hnd
to instal a lot of new and expensive
machinery "
"They struck n vein of water that
flooded the, mine and had to be
pumped out, didn't they? But there's
plenty of free gold in sight, and just
as soon as "
"Why,  how  did  you  know?"
"My dear boy, I didn't know it.
I just guessed it. But I've paid
$5,000 to learn to be n good guesser
on mining propositions, and I generally  hit  it."—Chicago  Tribune.
A Chiropodist Says Injury Is Often
Done by Low Heels.
"This talk about bigh heels breaking
the arch of tbe foot ls all nonsense,"
said a chiropodist-who'made a specialty of the "broken arch" difficulty. "It
is the spring heel and very low heel
that cause the trouble. Mothers should
never be guilty of puttlug spring beel
shoes on tbelr children, for It means a
flat and ugly foot In later years. Just
as soon as a child can toddle around It
should be provided with a soft, pliable
shoe wblcb has the tiulest bit of a heel.
This tends to tbrow the weight of the
body forward on tbe ball of tbe foot,
wbere lt Is most easily supported, and
relieves the strain on the arch.
"You have often seen small children
who have just learned to walk run
over the heels of their shoes, haven't
you? It Is not because tbey are unsteady on their feet, which Is the popular opinion, but because tbelr weight is
resting on the arcb or wbere the bone
of the lower leg meets tbe bone of the
foot. The flat foot may begin at this
rery time, so great care should be taken as to just what shoes the little toddlers wear. In some of the European
countries little ones wear one-quarter
Inch heels on their shoes, but American
mothers seem to think that spring heels
are smarter and more healthful.
"For adults the moderately high
Cuban beel is the most comfortable
and sensible for ordinary wear. The
flat heels and the common sense heel
should both be tabooed. Even the
French heel ls not particularly Injurious If It is only worn occasionally
and when tbe woman will not walk
much, but of course It ls ridiculous for
a walking boot. But, whatever you do,
avoid the low heel."—New York Press,
Ask for  Minard's and Take no  Other
Bobby had gone to Canada to visit
his English aunt, and was trying to
be on his best behavior all' the time,
but at luncheon, when his aunt
asked him if he would like some curried chicken, he was speecliless with
"What is the matter, Bobby?"
asked his aunt. "Don't you like
curried chicken?"
(i "I don't know,", answered Bobby.
"We don't curry ours; we pick
A Stylish, Quickly Worked and Easily
Washed Cover.
A charming pillow may be made
of the heavy fish net that can be
bought in tbe upholstery department
of most large department stores.
Cut from paper a pattern of conventionalized four leaved clover about
six Inches across. Fut this on tbe net
and trace around the edge witb a soft
lead pencil. Diagonally back of It set
another clover blossom of which part
of two petals Is bidden. Dot two
flowers so grouped at equal intervals
over the surface of tbe net
Outline the design In duchess lace
braid and fill in bach petal with a
darning stltcb ln blnk rope silk. Use
a darker pink for tbe under flower.
Run the lace around the centers. Extending about an Inch on the outside
of each group of flowers darn ln an Irregular background of a still darker
shade of pink. For this the stitches
should go directly across the mesh of
the net, not up and down.
Made up over _ nile green taffeta pillow, this makes a stylish and quickly
worked cover, which bas the added
advantage that lt may be easily washed.—Philadelphia Press.
Stockings and socks should be turned
wrongslde out before they are put Into
tbe tub.
Do not waste time and strength ironing knit underwear. If folded down
smoothly wben taken from the line,
these garments will need no ironing.
An ordinary telegraph wire makes a
better line to hang clothes on to dry
than the hempen one generally used.
Tbe wire does not sag, rot or break. It
is easily made clean.
Soap should never be used when
washing silk stockings. Add four tablespoonfuls of bran to a quart of water used for this purpose, rinse ln several clear waters, pressing tbe water
out, and dry in the sun.
In sorting clothes to send to the laundry look carefully over each article,
taking care to remove every pin, which
may seriously Injure tbe laundress, and
seeing that no studs, shields or cuff
but tons are left In the blouses and
1 Apples will not turn dark when pared
lf dropped Into water to which lemon
'nice has been added.
When cooking rabbit always remove
tbe kidney fat and tbe flavor of ths
meat will be greatly Improved.
For a green omelet mix minced pars-
ley with the beaten egg before turning
it into tbe pan, and tben cook without
Instead of stuffing dates with nuts
try filling them with cream cheese for
an afternoon tea relish. Finely chop-.
l"i'd nuts mixed with tbe cheese ls an
When frying croquettes or doughnuts
Sn fat lt ls well to drop In a small bit
of bread when smoke begins to rise.
If in about Ave minutes the bread begins to brown, the fat Is ready for use.
Into the pot of boiling mutton drop
an onion into which a clove has been
stuck, a small carrot and a small bit
of bay leaf. If tbe liquor Is to be used
for a soup, add a couple of tablespoonfuls of barley.
A   Refreshing Stimulant
A  Perfeot Luxury to Japan Tea Drinkers.
Lead    Packets    Only,    40c,  60c,  and     60c     Per    Lb.     At     All     Grocers,
Richard Mansfield, the actor, arrived in London from New York.
He says he will rest a year before
acting again.
Another outrage is reported from
Odessa, where two chief detectives
and the superintendent of police have
been blown to pieces by an infernal
While a severe thunderstorm raged
at Eastport, N.Y., a lightning bolt
struck the fish pond of John Rockow,
killing many trout.
In Nature's Storehouse There Are
Cures — Medical experiments have
shown conclusively that there are
medicinal virtues in even ordinary
plants growing up around us which
give them a value that cannot be estimated. It is held by some that
Nature provides a cure for every disease which neglect and ignorance
have visited upon man. However
that may be, it is well known that
Parmelee's Vegetable Pills, distilled
from roots and herbs, are a sovereign
remedy in curing all disorders of the
Cornwall is said to have the largest number of teetotalers in proportion to population of all English
Itch, Mange, Prairie Scratches and
every form of contagious Itch on human or animals cured in 30 minutes by
Woltord's Sanitary Lotion.
Count Mazza, Italian consul-general in Canada since 1901, has been
appointed envoy-extraordinary and
plenipotentiary  at  Teheran.
Is there anything more annoying
than having your corn stepped upon? Is there anything more delightful thnn getting rid of it? Hollo-
wav's Corn Cure will do it. Try it
and be convinced. -      «
Frederick A. Burnham, president
of the Mutual Reserve Life Insurance
company of New York, has been
asked to resign.
Worms cause feverishness, moaning an.i restlessness during sleep.
Mother Graves' Worm Exterminator
h pleasant, sure and effectual. If
your druggist has none in stock, get
him to procure it for you.
"Old man, I'm sorry lo see you
carrv such a looking umbrella as
"Why so, dear boy? I think it's
a peculiarly fine one, and a credit to
any man's taste."
"So it is, old man; so it is. I'm
sorry to see you carrying it because
it looks exactly like one I used to
carry and have lost track of somehow."—Chicago  Tribune.
Keep Minard's Liniment in the House
The twenty-fifth anniversary of the
signing of the triple alliance of Germany, Austria-Hungary and Italy
was celebrated.
A'l the news from the industrial
battlefields in Germany points to the
certainty that 1907 will be the year
of great lockouts.
Tbo Honest Physician is Anxious
to Cure and Uses the Best
Available Remedies.
A Horse with a
Strained Shoulder
is sound as a dollar in 24 houn
after yot1 rub the sore spot with
' Fellows' L,c_ning's Essence.
It gives instant relief in all
cases of Strains, Bruises and
Swellings — draw9 the pain
right out — strengthens the
weak back, shoulder or knee.
Whether you have one horse
or twenty, accidents are liable
to happen any time. Keep a
bottle of
handy 90 you can bave it when
50c. a bottle.    At dealers.
The proposed legislation t-hrongB
the Dominion Parliament for the regulation of the manufacture and sal*
of patent or proprietary medicines is
of the utmost importance, and it is
I receiving a great deal of attention,
I not only by the proprietary medicine
j manufacturers, but also by the leading
doctors and druggists. Every manu-
I facturer of reliable and high class
remedies weloornos the bill as a step
in the right direction. The discussion
has brought out the fact that the best
physicians in Canada and on the continent approve of and prescribe Psychine in cases of the most difficult
character. In a recent instance of
very serious thrott and lung trouble
the patient had been using Psychine.
Two leading United States specialists
were consulted, in addition to two
eminent Canadian physicians. Upon
learning what the patient was using,
a sample of Psychine was taken and
analyzed, with tho result that the
physicians advised its continuance.
They prescribed no other medicine but
Psychine, with the result that the patient has fully recovered and is a
splendid walking and talking advertisement for the wonderful curative
power of a remedy that will "stand
up" before the keenest professional
criticism and analysis. As a builder
up of the system and restorer of all
wasted conditions, Psychine has no
equal, and the best and most earnest
physicians recognize this fact.
" At the ago ot 25 my lungs wore In a terrible
state. I had la grippe the year before; lt sealed
on my lungs and 1 kept steadily growing woree
till I got down so low I was ln bed for six weeks.
I had a consultation of doctors, and they said they
could do nothing more for me. Then I starloil tb
use Psychine. I took the medicine for more than
a year. It certainly did wonders tor mc. I am
now as strong as I was before my sickness."
MRS. 11. HOPE,
Morpeth, Ont
Psychine, pronounced Si-keen, is the
greatest of tonics, building up the system, increasing the appetite, purifying the blood, aids digestion, and acts
directly upon tha throat and lungs,
giving tone and rigor to the entire
system. • At all druggists, SOo. md $1,
or Dr. T. A. Slocum, Limited, 179
—ine Street West, Toronto.
A Surprise in Biscails
Every box of Mooney's Perfection
Cream Sodas you open—you wiU
find a new delight in these dainty
When you want to surprise yourself,
give your appetite a treat with
Perfection Cream Sodas
can I ever do my work
when pit mtieclon are nil
Inflamed with Rheumatism f
Johnsons .
Rubbed on Briskly
will remoTt the Inflammation, Umber up the
musolat, and make you good ss new.
25c, thru, times ss much J—.   All deals—.
I. S. JOnNSON A 00., Boston, Haas.
(Established April 8,1809.)
(Oetiob : 2 4'5 0 Westminster avenue.
English Office—30 Fleet street,
London, E. 0., England Where a
hie of "The Advocate" is kept for
Mrs. R  Whitney, Publisher.
|!lubscriptiou $1 a year   payable   in
5 oents a Oopy.
Tel. B1405.
Provisions were offered them by
citizens, but the wanderers refused
everything but bread.
Vancouver, B. C, JuLy 20, 1907.
Important News Items of the
July 13th.
The total cut of logs on the coast
,of British Columbia for the fiscal
year ending June 30th, was 339,-
343,662 feet, according to the books
of the Government Supervisor of
Scaling. The cut for June alone was
39,199,946 feet, so that the total
for that month was not a record-
breaker, as lt was believed it would
be. It Is estimated that the entire
cut. of British Columbia, including
that from Dominion "and Interior
lands, was just double the Coast
output, or a total cut for „_e"~—itire
Province of 678,687,324.
Windsor, Ont.—Two big steel
freighters, the Tuscarora, of the
Lehigh Valley line, and the Maryland of the Hudson River line, met
in a serious head-on collision ln the
St. Clair river at an early hour this
morning, as a result of which both
boats are now on the bottom of the
river. No lives were lost.
Seattle.—That about "557,000
cannot be accounted for in the funds
handled by John Riplinger while in
the city comptroller's office will be
shown by the report of the accountants who, for the past two
months, have been examining the
records in the city hall.
July 17th.
Hamilton, Ont.—The city's treasury has been enriched ln the sum of
about $900, begotten through fining
some thirty young men for shooting
dice on Sunday.
San Salvador.—An armed clash,
which it is believed will Involve all
Central America, will probably occur within fifteen days. It is expected that the flrst battle will be between San Salvadoreans and Nlcar-
London.—Returns of deaths from
the plague In India show the appalling total of 1,060,067 for the six
months ending June 30th. The
monthly total Is at present decreasing, however, the death roll for June
being placed at 69,064. The total for
the first six months of 1907 already
surpasses that for the entire twelvo
months of 1906, when 1,022,000
persons died. This total is the highest ever recorded previous to the
present year. The total deaths from
October, 1896 to December, 1906
numbers 4,411,212.
THE BEER Without a Peer.
Brewed right here in Vancouver by men of years
and years and years experience, and a brewery whose
plant_ is the most perfect known to the Art of
Brewing. Is it any wonder that it has taken a place
in the hearts of the people which no other beer can
supplant ?    Doz., quarts $2. Doz., pints % I.
Vancouver Breweries, Ltd.
Vancouver, B. C. Tel. 429
For Sale at all flrst-clasB Saloons, Liquor Stores and Hotels or
delivered to yonr house.
July 14th.
La Paz, Bolivia.—Fernando Jua
ckaiia is a cai—.'-S.I-. SM president
01 x_uiivia iu succesaiou To Dr. Mon-
—_, whose term expires on August
UUl,   190S.
The Hague.—The Dutch Peace
League ls organizing an imposing
demonstration on tbe occasion of
the inauguration of Andrew Carnegie's Palace of Peace. The programme will include an allegorical
procession, representing all the peoples of the world, passing before the
altar of peace, and renouncing their
enmities. About 1,700 will take part
in the procession, and it Is expected
that 25,000 spectators will be present.
July 18th.
Philadelphia.—The parade of the
Benevolent and Protective Order of
Elks today was marked by the prostration from heat of many persous, estimated by the police at 2.500. Never was
there such a wholesale overcoming of
people in the history of tbe people. For
six hours the police, ambulances, surgeons and Red Cross Nurses were kept
on the ruu looking nfter persons who
collapsed uuder the combined effect of
tlie sun ana humidity, and largely because of their excellent service, but ono
case resulted fatally.
July 19.
Vancouver Bank Clearings for   the
week ending Jnly 18th, amounted to
There is so much bad iu tho best of ur
And so much good in the worst of us,
That it hardly behooves any of ns
To talk about the rest of hs.
As philosopher uuto philosopher,
write this in thy book, that it may be
handed down from geueratiou togeuerii
tion, unto all the world. "As far as the
East is from the West, as the North is
from the South, as the Sim is from the
Moon, us Paradise from Hades is—so far
removed are Mau and Constancy."
Subscribers who fail to
get "The Advocate" on Saturday morning please notify
this office.    Telephone B1405
July 15th.
Paris.—The natlouai iete jester-
lay was marred by au attempt on
the llie of President lallieres liy
Leon -Uaille, a naval reservist of
iia.'ie, wiio, it is beiieveu, is suifci-
ii>g from the mania of persecution.
Mallle iired two shots at the President', but did uot hit hiin. The assassin was at once placed under arrest.
July 10th.
London, Out.—The building oc-
:-pied by Hold's Ciy_,_ul ilali,
Longs c.othiiig stoie, McCallum'S
photograph store, und uiewator'B
live anil ten cent sttres on _uuuas
street, collapsed this afternoon. Several are reported killed.
Boston, Mass—As the result of an
ex plosion of a bag of powder on
bi.ard the battleship Georgia yesterday, eight of her crew are dead and
thirteen injured, three of whom are
not likely to live.
Dauphin, Man.—About, fifty Doukhobors, mon and women, tramped
Into town last night, weary and footsore. They went through the streets
singing and chattering, nnd took up
a collection for food. Only one or
two can speak Kngiish, and stated
ttiat they were looking for a werm-
>r   rountrv.   but   wer™   '"'■'•'»   ""-«t
p. i.
t'jr V.;',;.^.,^.   T.  A. rn 'ell. *•'   T..
' ,  hv'l ,'tu' interview     ii\]\    them.
/    .,       ..*._.  _.        .V ./lv.. ..     .     .
The Story of a Medicine,
Its name—"Golden Medical Discovery*
was suggested by one of its most important and valuable ingredients — Golden
Seal root.
Nearly forty years ago, Dr. Pierce discovered that he could, by the uso of pure,
triplc-rolined glycerine, aided by a certain degree of constantly maintained
heat and with tha aid of apparatus and
appliances designed for that purpose, extract from our most valuable nativo medicinal roots their curative properties
much better thnn by tho use of alcohol,
so generally employed. So the now world-
ftimed "Golden Medical Discovery," for
the cure of weak stomach, Indigestion, os
dyspepsia, torpid liver, or biliousness and
kindred derangements was llrst made as
It ever since has boon, without a particle
of alcohol In Its makn-iip.
A gliinco at tho full list of its Ingredients, printed on every bottle-wruppor,
will show that lt Is mndo from the most
valuable medicinal roots found growing
In onr American forests. All these In-
fTredients have received tho strongest on-
i.orttnieiit Irom the leading medical expert*, teachers ami writers on Materia
Mtvea who recommend them as the very
best remedies for tho discuses for which
"Golden Medical Discovery" is advised.
A little book of these endorsements has
been compiled by Dr. R. V. Pierce, of
Buffalo, N. Y., and will lie mailed free to
uny one asking same by postal card, or
letter addressed to the Doctor as above.
From these endorsements, copied from
standard medical books of all tho different schools of practice, it will be found
that the Ingredients composing tho "Golden Medical Discovery" arc advised not
only (or the eure of the above mentioned
diseases, but also for the cure of all catarrhal, bronchial and throat affections,
accompalnod with catarrhal discharges,
hoarseness, soro throat, lingering, or
hang-oii-coughs, and all those wasting
affections which, If not promptly and
properly treated arc llahlo to terminate
in consumption. Take Dr. Pierce's Discovery In timo and persevere In Its uso
until you givo it a fair trial and it is not
likely to disappoint. Too much must not
be axpoctod of It. It will not perform
miracles. It will not cure consumption
In its nd viineed stages. N . medicine will.
It a VI cure thn affections Unit limd uy to
GOlWUfnptiOD,'/ IuacH ia HllW,
It is a written form of salesmanship.
It is aimed to aid In making sales
and ls therefore an adjunct.
It serves to remind old customers
that there are new and extended
uses for a product and develops a
demand that may already exist.
The Advocate is the best advertising
medium where it circulates. Tel. B1405.
Beautiful new house, 7 rooms, close
in. Easy tern-s for this comfortable
new home.
Fine place on the Fraser river, large
commodious house, tennis court, fine
garden, frvit of all kiuds. Ideal
country home.
Seven (7) lots ou Westmiuster avenue. Cheap.
Mrs. R. Whitney, "Advocate" Office.
Advertize in the "Advocate.
List Your Property
with Mrs.  R.  Whitney,   2450
Westminster avenue.
There  is a great demand for
vacant lots.
There is a great   demand for
houses to rent.
Residential property is also in
grent demand.
List your property now.
Mt. Pleasant
t. O.  O. F.
Mt. Ploasaut Lodge No. 1!)meets every
Tuesday at. 8 p. m , in Oddfellows Hall
Westminster avenne,   Mt. Pleasant.
Sojourning brethren cordially invited
to attend.
Noble Grand—Stanley Morrison.
Recording Secretary—H.   Patter-
sou, 120 Tenth avonue, cast.
Alexandra Hive No, 7, holds regular
Review 2d an„ lth Tuesdays of each
month in Knights of Pythias Hall
Westmiustor avenue.
Visiting Ladies always welcome.
Lady Commander—Mrs. N. Pottipieci,
25 Tenth avenue, enst.
Lady Recorder Keeper—Mrs. Bntchart,
corner Eloveuth and Manitoba.
L. O. L.
Mt. Pleasant L. O. L.,
No. 1-42, meets the 1st and
3d Thursday of each month,
at 8 p. m , in the K. of P.
All     visitiug    Brethren
cordially welcome.
J. Martin, W. M.,
121 Ninth avenue, cast.
Samuel Mooro, Rec. Sec'y.,
South Vancouver I'o-tofflce.
I. O. F.
Court Vaucouver 1328, Independent
Order of Foresters meets 2d and 4th
Mondays of each mouth at 8 p. m., iu
Oddfellows' Hall.
Visiting brethren always welcome.
Chief Ranger—A. Pengelly.
Recording Secretary—M. J, Crehan,
3S7 Princess street, City.
Financial Secretary—Ralph S. Cumin ings, "Advocate" Office, Mt. Pleasant
Vaucouver Council, No. 211n, meets
everv 2d and 4th Thursdays of each
mouth, in I O. O. F., Hall, Westminster aveuue.
Sojourning   Friends always welcome
E. R. Flewwelling, Chief Councillor
'-;V1'_: Ontario street,
Mrs. O. G. Kinnie, Recorder
H.H Seventh   avenue, east.
Two 35-ft. lots, % block from Westminster aveune, 1050.
Corner, 50x100, Niuth avenue, $3,000.
Property on    Westminster   avenue,
bringing a rental of $160 per month.
2 33-ft. lots, 9-roomed House, orchard
small fruit. ...$3,650
Beautiful 9-room   House,   gas and
electric light, convenient to car;
Thirteeuth avenue.
Lot   26x132   on Westminster   avenut
two-storey building, in fine condition ; leased for 2 years; title perfect,     Price *14.000.
One lot, 25x120, on Westminster avenue; price $500, $200 dowu,
balance on easy terms.
Six-room hor.se ou Howe street, $1,200
cash, balnuco on easy terms.
5 Lots (oorner) Westminster  avenue,
80x132 ; price $8,500,  terms.
Howe Sound
143 Acres
Crowu Grant Lnnd.
Half mile water-front.
Heavily timbered—fir and cedar.
Cash $1,000.   Will exchange
for city property.
Buys 44-ft. on Westminster
avenue.        Good   busiuess
property.     Increasing     in
value   all   the   time.
Choice Acres near city; suitable to
*_j subdivide;   good  buy;   favorablo
$700 Buys
it   lot on Westminster
aveuue, near city limits.
$400 cash,
$1 SOO
buys a fine lot on Lome street.
The finest location on this street.
Buy now before the price goes
up; $800 cash, balance (i nnd 12.
$.100 aud $(i00 each—half cash.
Theso lots are high and level.
Your Property wit'*
Mrs. R. Whitney,   2450   Westmiuster
avenne, "Advocate" Office.
Mrs. R.Whitney
2450 Westminster ave.
:Ay***4t*:*-4^*0*t*:<.*i'4C<<4*'0   V*f4«n*W<4<''i*&^^ THE ADVOCATE, VANCOUVER, BRITISH COLUMBIA.
_■_■—_»-—■ i i —*******■———
I ocal Items.!
Dr. Robt. Lawrence who has been ill
a few days this week is now muoh
Mrs. Clyde Dougan of Fourteenth
nvenue, is recovering from a severe
Mt. and Mrs. Clark of New Westminster, are viBiting Mrs. Brown of Thirteenth nveuue.
Mrs. Frank Marrion and children
came over from Nanaimo on Wednesday for n week's stay.
Mr Chas Doering and Miss Doering
went over to the Islaud last week, visiting relatives aud frieuds.
Mt. Pleasant Lodge No. 19, I.O.O.F
will hold its regular weekly meetiug ou
Tuesday evoniug uext.
Mrs. O'Dell, 175 Niuth avenue west,
•will resume teaching the first week in
August. A few vacancies for advanced
The friends of Mr. and Mrs. Geo.
Bobbins of Eleventh and Victoria street,
will he pleased to kuow they are both
nble to be out nfter serious illuess.
Thompson's Cream of Witch Hazel—
(best for chapped hands. At.Mt. Pleasaut M. A. W. Drug Store.
Misses Lettie aud Bessie Murphy
registered Nurses of Seattle, are spending their holidays with their parents
Mr. nud Mrs. Jos. Murphy, 23 Twelfth
The Epworth Lengue of the Mt.Pleasant Methodist Church will speud a
Social eveuiug iu the new Banquet
Hall ou Mouday next, July 22d. A
hearty invitation is extended to all.
FINE LOTS iu South Vancouver;
-fBO.OO cash; price $150.00.—Mrs. B
Whitney, "The Advocate" Office, '2450
Westminster avonue.
The Ladies' Mission Circle of Mt.
Pleasant Baptist Chnrch with their
friends held their Auuunl Picnic at
Lousdale Gurdeu, North Vaucouver,
ou Thursday July nth. A very enjoyable time was spout. Dinner and tea
was served on the grounds. All returned home in the evening feeling it had
been a day well spent in social pleasure
Court Vancouver, Iudependent Order
of Foresters, will meet ou Mouday evening iu Oddfellows' Hall,
Mr. Geo. Crocker of the Central
Wood Yard, narrowly escaped being
killed on Weduesday moruiug Ho hnd
his wagon loaded with shingie bolts,
when the load nud front of the wagon
slipped forward throwing Mr. Crocker
under liis horses feet; fortunately for
the young umu hu fell beneath the
gentle horse, the other animal he was
driving being newly broko to harness.
Mr. Crocker certainly hnd a close oall.
Personal notices of visitors on
fit. Pleasant, or of Mt. Pleasant
people who visit other cities, also all
local social affairs are gladly received
by "The Advocate."
50-ft. Lot ou Niuth avenue west, for
$1,800.      '
Bo-tiful new honse in Fnirview.
7 rooms, 50-ft.; price fo 150, cash $1,500,
Beautiful view of city.
Double-corner, fnciug the city. For
quick sale, $2 000; terms.
ForcnBh. 88-ft, lot sonthside Eleveuth
avenue, $525.
For Sale Exclusively hy Mrs. R.
Whitney, "Advocate" Office,
Local Items.
Miss Kate Ohappell of Chiliwhack, is
visiting Miss Ella Sparling.
Vancouver Council No. 211a, Canadian Order of Chosen Friends wil
meet next Thursday evening.
"The Advocate" wiBhes any carelessness In delivery reported to the Offlce,
telephone B1405.
Mr. Sheldon Wells from Shield, B.O.,
spent a few days with his family, on
Thirteenth avenue, the past week.
Mr. and Mrs. J. D Sim hnve taken
up housekeeping on Mt. Pleasant. Mr
Sim and Miss Little were married last
The following party left Friday for
camp up Howe Sonnd: Mrs. N. Dickey,
Misses Alberta and Edna Dickey, Miss
Ross (Extension), Mrs. R. Sparling,
Miss Clement.
The reception to Premier McBride on
Saturday night last was a graud success, the citizens of every political
party turning out to wolcome the
Champion of Provincial Rights. The
parade was made up of three bands,
carriages, tally ho coaches, automobiles
and hundreds of men marching with
torches. After passing along Hastings,
Granville and Georgia to Cambie
Street Grounds, the Premier made a
brilliant speech on the rights of British
Columbia and reviowed the events connected with the negotiations in the
Interest of B. C. while in London.
Premier McBride secured the written
and verbal promise of the Imperial
Government that the words "Final and
Uunlterable" would be struck out of the
revision of the British North America
Act, and tb*e right of British Columbia
to agitate for and demand special treatment in the matter subsidy from the
Dominion Goverumeut will be guarded.
When it is taken iuto consideration
that B. C. has yielded $20,000,000 more
to the Dominion Government than it
has ever spent or given in subsides, it
certaiuly looks as though something
of a specinl character was due to British
Columbia. Premier McBride is the
mau that will Hot what is coining to
British Columbia, if it is possible.
Alexandra Hive No 7, Ladies of the
Maccabees will meet on Tuesday evening next.
Woman's Home   Companion.
For those who are taking a
lengthy rest from business, or for
those who are unable to leave it,
suggestions as to the best way to get
the most good out of spare time Is
always interesting, and sometimes
helpful. "Vacation for Business
Men," dealing with the best and most
helpful way to spend a holiday; and
"A Busy Man's Vacation," showing
how a person can get rest and re-
for Flowers, choice Pot. Plauts in
variety, Ornamental Trees aud
Flowering Shrubs, also a choico lot
of Privet for hedges. You will find
my prices reasonable.
Nurse)y & Greenhouses, corner of
Fifteenth and Westiniiister avenues.
Thk Cheapest Place in the City.
Royal Crown
the Best in the Would. Drop
us a post curd asking for a
Catalogue of Premiums to bo
had free for Royal Ckown
Soap Wrappers.
E. & J. HARDV & CO.
Company,  Financial,  Press and
AdvertisEns' Agents.
»0 Fleet St.. Lioudon, E. O, England
Co.ou.vil Business a Specialty,
creation at their own doors, are both
Interesting and helpful. Both these
articles are to be found ln the July
Outing Number of Busy Man's Magazine. In addition to these, there are
several others of Interest to those
about to tako an outing. Other articles of popular interest also appear,
among which are, "Government
Ownership In Canada;" "Telegraphing Pictures;" "Inventions We Owe
to Savages;" "Old Age Pensions in
Germany;" "Even Temperament as
a BuslnesB Asset." The amount of
fiction ls rather larger than usual
this month, and no better can be
said of it than that it is up to the
usual standard.
The funeral of Daisy, infant daughter
of Mr. aud Mrs. S. Swann, 112 Dufferin
street, took place from the family residence on Thnrsday 18th, at 2 p. m.,
Rev. O. O. Owen officiating; Armstrong & Edward had oharge of the
fnneral arrangements.
The late Isabella Mowatt, who
died, aged fifty-four, last Saturday, was buried from the residence
of her daughter, Mrs. Freestone, of
130 Lome street, at 4.30 o'clock.
The Rev. C. C. Owen, of Christ
Church, conducted the funeral services. Numerous handsome floral
tributes were noticed on the coffin,
and a large number of friends followed the body to its final resting
place  In  Mountain View  Cemetery.
Municipality of South Vancouver
TENDERS will be received until
2 o'clook on Saturday Jnly 20th, for
the following:
Continuing the Peters road from
where li_t to the Dixon road, about 48
Filling in and clearing a Road in District Lot 853, from the Westminster
road Bouthin Blocks 7, 9 snd 11, about
20 chains.
Mnking the Ferris road from where
made near the North Arm rond to
Centre road, about 150 chains.
For completing Twentieth avenue in
District Lot 472.
For clearing and building a Road on
the Eastside of Ljjlu Island Railway,
from the Mngee ifond to the Wilson
Making the Bodw^l rond from Centre
road to the Johnson road, about 145
A Bond between Blocks 22, 23, 44, 41,
42, 43 iu District Lot 51 and SB, from the
Car-track to Wellington avenue.
A road from the Burrows road to the
Home road, along tbe Westside of
Blocks 8 and 15, District Lot 391 aud 392.
The Almas rond from Wellington
avenuo to the truck.
Constructing a Road between the
Gibson and Flett roads in District Lot
All tenderers to state price per chain.
The lowest or any tender not necessarily accepted.
W. G  Walker, C. M. C.
Drawer I Mt. Pleasant Postoffice.
July 9, 1907.
Fine Lots close in South Vaucouver
$20 cash, balance $10 monthly. Easy
way to get homesites.
4 acres, South Vancouver, nenr
Municipal Hall, $1,000 cosh, biilauee
easy terms.
6-room House, two 50-ft lots Twelfth
avonue; lot of fruit. One of the best
buys ou our list.
4-acres, 1 block from Westminster
avenue, South Vancouver, Cash $1 000,
balance on easy terms.
5-room House ou Second avenue,
Fairve: 50-ft. lot. Price $2.5000, cash
$1.000; balauce easy tonus.
Stone foundation,   furnace,   electric
fittings,   anchor   fence,   large attic,
fruit trees.   Cash $2,000, balance on
Mrs. R. Whitney
'Phoue BU05.
Argyle House
The Big Bargain Dry Goods Store of B. O.
This Dry Goods Business has been sold to Messrs. Franklin &
Nixon, of this oity, but before transferring, the very large stock
must be reduced by at least one-half. Irrespective of present
prices the goods must be cleared.
The Sale is Now On*
This does not mean a reduction of certain lines, but everything
in the store will be reduced to an almost give-away prioe.
In fact this is going to be one  of  the   biggest  dry goods selling
events ever held in the history of this city.
J. Horner,
139 Hastings street east.
Between Westminster and Columbia avenues. 'phone 877.
•^•^l^ i-yi wj9 t^-P^l^t Sr^d^BU^B fl^sf^tv^C Jr'
Is lssued»«, l
& South Vancouver.
"The Advocate" gives all the Local News of Mi.. Pleasant from
week to week for $1 00 per year; six months 50o. An interesting
Serial Story is always kept running; the selections in Woman's
Realm will always be found full interest to up-to-date womou; the
miscellaneous items are always bright, entertaining and inspiring.
New arrivals on Mt. Pleasant will become raedily informed of the
community aud more quickly iuterested in local happenings if
they subscribe to "The Advocate."
The Function of an
is first to draw attention and to leave a favorable
and as far as possible a lasting impression.
The first and principal object of a very great deal of advertising
is not directly that of selling goods, but of establishing a worthy
fame—a recognized reputation—to make the goods and the house
known. Customers must come with some idea of the goodB they
seek, the more knowledge the better. With confidence inspired
by effective advertising, it is then up to the salesman to do the
rest—to mnke good by courtesy and a skillful presentation of the
wares which should be up to all that has beeu advertised.
THE ADVOCATE is the best advertising
medium for reaching Mt. Pleasant People—to
gain their favorable attention to your goods and
store. Advertising rates reasonable—not in the
Publishers' Association high rate combine.
50  VEARS*
Junction of Westminster road nud West—luster avenue, SERVICES ni 11 n. m.;
Mid 7:nop.uu; Sunday Bchool at 2:80 p.m.
Rev. Herbert W. Piercy, 1'itstor; residence
fi'2 Eleventh nvenue west.
Comer Tenth nvenue nnd Oninilo street.
SBRVICKB at lla.m.. nnd "p. m.! Sunday
School mid Bible Clnss 2:80 p.m. Rev. J. P.
Westman, Pastor.
''nrsonnge l'S Eleventh avenue, west. Telephone B11MB.
Corner Ninth nvenno mid Qnebou street
SERVICES nl 11 h.111..nnd iitin p. 111.: Sunday
Bcliool nt j;nn p. 111. Rev.Ueo.A.WIlson.B.A.
Pastor, Manse l'itl Seventh nvenue west;
Tel. lOtlfi.
St Michael b, (Anglican).
Comer Xlnlli nveuue and Priii"c Edward
stroei. SERVICES nt lla.m., una7:no p.m.,
Holyfnm111union 1st and .Id Sunday.. In each
inonlti niter morning prayer, 8d and nh sun
lays at 8 a.m. Sundny Bchool m 2: so p.m,
Rev. u. H. Wilson. Hector.
Rectory corner Eightli ave. nud Prince
Edward street; Telephone B1799,
Advent Christian Church (not 7th day Aden tints), Seventh nvenue, near Westminster
avenue. Services 11 a.m.. ami 7:1.0p.m.,
Sundny School at 10 a.m. Voting peoples'
Soclctyol Loyal Workers nl Christian lindca-
vol meets every Sunday nvenilignltl: to o'clock.
Prayer-meeting Wednesday nigh'"at 8o'clock.
-[.organize]) O-USCH of .1R8D8 Christ
ol Latter Day Saints. VtV, Westminster avenue. Services nt S o'clock every Sunday eve-
niugby Elder.!. ' Ralncy; Sunday S Until ul
7 o'clock. I'ruyer-iiiueting every Wednesday
evening at 8 o'clock.
Tfwoe Marks
Anvone sending n sketch nn I ilenerlt'tlnn mny
quickly ascertain onr opinion fr,_c whether nn    1
Invention Is probnhly patentable,   ("ntiiniuiilcn-
tlntinsirtcHTConUtlcnllii!, Handbook on Patent!    ,
sen! free. Oldest nucucy for He mi-lntf putents.
Talent* tnkon tiiroueh Munn  + Co. receive    1
iprrinl i.oiii .■, without chnn.o, in the
Scientific American.
A hfUldlOTQVly IHintrAtpr) we.-vir. T.nrirPflt ctr*
Oiiitltnn ot nny urieiiritln Jiturunl, Tonm*. |3 a
yeur; [oar months* |L Sold by all noffflilriilcTH.
_&Co.36,B""",**av New York
Brauch onico. l-_ F BU Waiel'MIon. U. C.
• #^*0***r***r**r***00****0*<>
For Local NewB Read Thk Advocate
" The Advocate"'
10*******   J
*00000000000000000.9*?0afM0*. y_ THE ADVOCATE, VANCOUVER, BRITISH COLUMBIA.
Mottling I Ate
Agreed With Me.
Mrs. Lenora Bodenhnmer, R.F.D.
'I., Box 99, Kernersville, N.C., writes:
"I suffered with stomach trouble
.and indigestion for some time, and
nothing that I ate ,:greed with me.
I was very nervous and experienced
a continual feeling of uneasiness and
fear. I took medicine from the doctor, but it did me no good.
"I found in one of your Peruna
books a description of my symptoms. I then wrote to Dr. Hartman
for advice. He said I had catarrh
of the stomach. I took Peruna and
Manalin and followed his directions,
jind can now say that I feel as well
as I ever did.
"I hone that all who are afflicted
with the same svmptoms will tnke
Peruna, as it has certainly cured
The above is only one of hundreds!
■who  hnve  written  similar  letters  to j
Dr.  Hartmnn.    Just   one   such  case
as this entitles.Peruna to the candid!
consideration  of  everv  one  similarly
afflicted,   If this be true of the testi-
monv  of  one  person  whnt  ought  to'
be the testimony    of   hundreds, yes
thousands, of honest, sincere people, i
"We have in our files a great ninny j
•Other testimonials.
Not  Rendy Yet
The children in the Sunday school
clnss were cetting restless, nnd the
teacher, to divert them, asked all
who wished to go to Heaven to stand
«p. The whole" class rose except one
little bov.
"Don't vou '"nnt tn go to Heaven,
my little boy?" asked the teacher.
"Yes," was the response, "but I
know mother doesn't wnnt nie to go
just yet."—Chicago Tribune.
'All so-called "soothing" syrups
and most of the powders advertised
to cure childhood ailments contain
poisonous opiates, and an overdose
may kill the child. When the mother
uses Bnbv's Own Tablets she has the
guarantee of a government analyst
' that this medicine contains no opiate or narcotic. They can be given
with absolute safety to a new-born
baby. They cure indigestion, constipation,    colic,    diarrhoea    and    the
•other minor ailments of children.
Mrs G. Collins, Kirkella, Man.,
says: "Baby's Own Tablets are the
most satisfactory medicine ' I have
ever used for the minor ailments of
children. T always keep the Tablets
in   the  house."    Sold   b.v   medicine
.dealers or bv mail nt 25 cents n box
irom   The   Dr.     Williams     Medicine
'Co.,  Brockville, Out.
•Whenever  little Johnny  fell down,
bumped his head, or had the Smallest
Bort  of  mishap  lie  would  cry.    One j
day his mother was passing the win-1
dow and saw him fall on the  pave-1
ment.    He  got   up   nnd   rubbed   his
face, but didn't cry.    An hour Inter
lie came in nnd she said:
"Why, Johnny, you fell down,
didn't you?"
"Yes.  I  did,"
"Didn't it hurt you!'"
"Well,  why didn't you cry?'
"Johnny,   beginning  to  sob,
"There wasn't anybody to cry to."
—Chicago Tribune.
Hadnt  Been  Drunk.
He evidently wasn't used to the waj»
of big hotels. He looked as though he
might have been from some Kansas
farm and was in a large city for tht
first time. Somehow he had heard thai
the next morning men who had been
absorbing intoxicants drink lots of Ice
"Say," he said to C. T. Newton be
hind the desk at the Shirley hotel about
8 o'clock In the morning, "the other
clerk last night told me to ask fet
things over the little telephone In my
room wben I wanted "em."
"Yes," said Newton.
"Well, this morning, about a half an
hour ago, I asked fer a glass of Ice
water. Some girl answered the telephone."
"Well, I don't like to be took fer a
heavy drinker. I wasn't drunk last
"What do you mean?"
"Jes' this: I didn't get no glass of Ice
water. That girl sent me up a whole
pitcher. It looked mighty much to me
like she thought I was full of liquor
last night and would need a whole.
pitcher. A glass would 'a' been j
enough." And as he turned and strode
away he wore one of those "Guess I
didn't  call  him  down,  eh?"  looks.
Energy the Motive Power
The longer I live the more deeply
am I convinced that that which
makes the difference between one
man and another—between the weak
and powerful, the great and insignificant—is energy, invincible determination—a purpose once formed,
and then death or victory. This quality will do anything that is to be
clone in the world, und no two-legged
creature can become a man without
An Old Time Alderman.
Several patrons of the restaurant at
Broadway and Tenth street were lunching there a few days ago, seated at a
table between the corner windows on
the second door which commanded a
fine view down Broadway, which
makes a sharp turn at Tenth street
Bald one of them: "Do you know that
this bend in Broadway wa. made in
order to save a tree? Well, it was. As
originally planned, Broadway would
have cut a slice off the lawn of Hen-
drlk Brevoort, who ran a tavern ln
tbe Dutch farmhouse which stood
where Grace church now Is. He was
an alderman, like many of bis profession today, and not only succeeded in
saving the magnificent tree in the
shade of which bis customers- lingered
over their pipes to watch the traffic on
Bloomingdale road, but about 1849 also prevented the opening of Eleventh
street from Fourth avenue to Broad-
way, which would have necessitated
the tearing down of his tavern."
The Madrigal.
■___e word madrigal sounds very
formidable to a beginner In music.
More than once have I heard the question, "What ls a madrigal?" Strictly
speaking, a madrigal ls an elaborate
vocal composition In from three to six
parts, generally sung In chorus. The
melody should not be carried through
r sgle part, but should be dispersed
; a phrases through the different vole. .
So the conversational manner peculiar
to the music of the sixteenth and sev-
mteenth centuries. The true madrigal
...as no accompaniment. This form of
Bong is considered English, bnt Is
0—iught to have bad Its origin ln the
Retherlands. The exact derivation of
the word Is not known. The first
madrigals nre believed to have been
morning songs, shepherds' lays or
Bongs in praise of the Virgin.
A warrant has been issued in St.
'.Petersburg for the arrest of Nikolia
Lenin, lender of the majority faction
now attending the Social Democrat
congress in London, on the charge of
high treason.
fk PILLS,-
A Very Practical Christian.
A benevolent old man wbo lived on
his farm In Iowa never refused shelter
to any wbo might ask It of him. His
many friends remonstrated with him
about this characteristic, knowing that
many unscrupulous hoboes would avail
themselves of the opportunity and that
tnere was great danger of the old
man being robbed. To these remonstrances the old man replied tbat ho
believed In "practical Christianity."
"But," said one of his friends, "this
seems very Impractical. Suppose one
of these men took it Into his head to
rob you one night?'
"My dear young friend," was the reply, "I bid all enter in the name of
God, but I prove my belief ln practical
Christianity by looking np their pants
during the night"
Poll Parrot as a Game Bird.
While the parrot Is a bird of beautiful plumage, as a table delicacy It is
not to be recommended, as I know
from sad experience. My first essay at
eating a parrot was attended with modified snecess. The bird must have been
comparatively young, and after several
hours' boiling became soft enough to
masticate and finnlly swallow, leaving
behind lt an Impression that we had
lunched on the sole of a rubti*r boot—
■Arthur D. Temple In Field and. Stream.
No Accent Needed.
There aro questons put to applicants
for positions as telephone operators,
which, if not funny in themselves
sometimes draw laughable replies
says a writer in Cassell's Saturday
journal. A girl is asked, for instance,
if she has a looal accent, because it
is a condition of tho telephone ser
vice that she must speak clearly, dis
.inctly and grammatically, and that
hor speech be free from local dialect.
Whether she has such an accent oi
not—am' . jetimes a girl has it un
awares—t. _ generally replies, "No,"
though .i very accommodating candidate wrote, "No, but 1 could acquire
At the Yarmouth Y.M.C.A. Boys'
Camp, held at Tusket Falls in August, I found MINARD'S LINIMENT
most beneficial for sunburn, an immediate relief' for colic and toothache.    -
General  Secretary.
Scottish folk are proverbially canny
and prudent in money matters, and
the following shows that tb? younger
generation is no exception to the
A teacher in a Lowland school was
taking mental arithmetic with a
class of boys.   She asked one urchin:
"How much would your mother
give you to buy four pounds of tea
at one and six a pound?"
"We ne'er get sae much at aince as
that, mem."
"Never mind that. Four pounds
at one and six?"
"But we cannn afford the one and
six, mem. We always hae the one
and twa."
"Answer the question. What
would she give you to pay for four
pounds of tea at "
"Naethin', mem."
"What do you mean by 'nothing'?"
"She'd na gi'e me ony bawbees.
She'd tell me tne ask the man tae
pit it doon."
"Oh, dear! Oh, dear! But supposing she did?"
With a pitying smile came the reply: " A can see ye've ne'er met
ma mitlier, mem."
Good Sight and Good Health Returned When
...,.      the Liver was eet Right by
The Demon, Dyspepsia—In olden
tinies it was a popular belief thnt
demons moved invisibly through the
ambient air, seeking to enter into
men and trouble them. At the present day the demon, dyspepsia, is at
large in the same way, seeking habitation in those who by careless or
unwise living invite him. And once
he enters a man it is difficult to dislodge him. He that finds himself so
possessed should know that a valiant
friend to do. battle for him with the
unseen foe is Parmelee's Vegetable
Pills, wliich are ever ready for the
"Haven't you and your friend got
through that argument yet?" asked
a parent of his youngest son.
"It isn't any argument," answered
the boy. "I am merely telling Jim-
mie the facts in the case, and he is
so beastly stubborn that he won't
Always a Good Friend—In health
and happiness we need no friends,
but whon pnin and prostration come
we look for friendly aid from sympathetic hands. These hands can
serve us no better than in rubbing
in Dr. Thomas' Eclectric Oil, for
when the Oil is in the pain is out.
It has brought relief to thousands
who without it would' be indeed
Two men were talking together
and the question of Rockefeller's
wealth came up. One of them said,
to show the enormous income of the
"Say, do you know that whenever
thnt 'clock," pointing to a grandfather's clock in the room "goes
tick, Rockefeller makes a thousand
'Is that so?-
'That's a fact."
'Then stop the clock."—Philadelphia Record.
To persons, who hnve not considered the relationship of eyesight to
general health this letter will prove
especially   interesting.
Mrs. A. R. Price, Nose Creek, Calgary, Alta., writes. "I write to tell
you ho,w highly we think of Dr
Chase's Kidney-Liver Pills, for they
are unsurpassed for torpid liver,
constipation and kidney troubles.
My husband derived great benefit
.'rom Dr. Chase's Kidney-Liver Pills
a couple of years ago when he was
feeling depressed and regularly out
of sorts. His eyesight was failing
and the lamplight hurt his eyes so
he could not read at all and had
made up his mind to see an oculist.
"I advised him to try Dr. Chase's
Kidney-Liver Pills, thinking he was
suffering from torpid liver. He did
so, and after using less than two
boxes his eyesight entirely returned
nnd he felt quite well again. We
would never be without these pills in
the house and I cannot speak too
highly of them."
Dr. Chnse's Kidney-Liver Pills ure
miirvelouslv prompt and certain as a
cure for sluggish action of the liver.
While awakening the liver they also
regulate the bowels nnd invigorate
the kidney action.
In this way the filtering and excretory systems are thoroughly cleansed
of all poisonous, impurities and tlie
cause of pnin, sickness and suffering
In every family there is need of
just such a medicine as Dr. Chnse's
Kidnev-Liver Pills to cure constipation, backache, biliousness, indigestion and prevent dangerous and
fatal diseases of the kidneys and
bowels. One pill a dose, 2*> cents a
box, at all denlers, or Edmanson,
Bates & Co., Toronto. To protect
you against imitations the portrait
and signature of Dr. A. W. Chase,
the famous receipt book author, are
on every box.
Kaiser Abolishes Checkreins
In 1905 the use of the checkrein
was prohibited in the German emperor's stables and almost simultaneously with this prohibition the new
police regulations of the city of Berlin governing public cabs came into
effect. According to the provisions
oi these regulations, the use of blinkers or of the checkrein on public cab
horses was nrohibited. In the streets
of Berlin l :e now seldom sees a
checkrein or blinkers on horses, except on a few belonging to private
During courtship    a    n.an    doesn't
realize how dear a woman is to him .
—but   when    he    begins  to  pay  her
bills   nfter   marriage   he   gets   wise.—
Chicago  News.
Minard's  Liniment,  Lumberman's
Mr. Shapp—If there were no women the men would have nothing to
laugh at.
Mrs. Shapp—If there were no women the men wouldn't wnnt anything to laugh at; they wouldn't feel
like  laughing.—Illustrated  Bits.
Ii fitted with the improved Record
Triangular Grate—the most perfect furnace grate on the market Of the four
triangular grate bare, each bar is operated
by the use of • handle applied to either
of the two centre bare. To remove this
hendle after shaking is impossible until
the grate bar has been returned to its
original position, flat and in
place, without any of the cogs
sticking up. The result is that
the bars are always Rat under
the fire and that it is impossible
for lumps of coal to drop through
end be wasted. The Record
Triangular Grate can be entirely removed from without
without lying on stomach or
bothering with a light.       104
Write for Catalogue.
Iroumjrleset MONCTON, N.B. & MONTREAL.RQ-I
Sales Branches at MONCTON, N.B.; MONTREAL, P.Q.; TO.
Does fit
^ has the soft1
™ warm     feel\
the skin enjoys.
„va<nm   Made for  men) wo_
men and   llttl'.   folks,
a   variety  of  styles,
Rheumatism Cured
' Do you know why you are
suffering with Rheumatism?
Because your kidneys are sick.
They are too weak to filter urio
add from the blood. This add
is poisoning your system, and
inflaming every nerve in your
body. Those excruciating pains
in hands, shoulders, back, knees
and feet—are the result of kidney
trouble. Stop the uric acid
from poisoning the blood and
there will be no Rheumatism.
exert llwintlim because they era* the
tdHnej*. The/ replace diseased with vlfor-
•M, baattkgr tiaaiie-ntreasthen the organ*—
iut—rallM urlq acid—and Insure the blood
belay para anel itch.
Try (MN RUi on our poslti»e guarantee
Hut Uny moat cure you or money refunded.
HQ_«tMI   t tea tx.jP. At all dealers or from
"Weauthorire every dealer in Pen- Anglj
Under wear to replace, at our coil, an}
garment faulty io material cr making
W.    N.   U.    No.   639
Human Ingenuity will
never devise a process
that will make corn or
oats as digestible or at
nutritious as the whole
wheat, when steam-
cooked, shredded and
baked.    Try  it.
#»**&*? "*--»__.. .-.stiWiaih"'*-- >■*-"«*«
BISCUIT for  Breakfast gives   energy for day's work.
All Grocers—13c c carton; 2 for 26c. THE ADVOCATE, VANCOUVER. BRITISH COLUMBIA-
Defendants in Celebrated Grain Case Acquitted
By Judge Phippen — Judgment to the Effect That Acts Complained of Made for
Stable Market — Natural Protection of Interests --- Growers Safe-Guarded
The following is a copy ot the
Judgment delivered by Mr. JuBtice
Phippen in the grain case ol the
King vs. Gage:
Th*  Judgment
'The defendants stand indicted tor
cenrr.n c—^ws ana regulations' bl
; some of these associations and cer-
; tain agreements between some of the
! subsidiary   interests   amounted   to   a
restraint of trade for which these de
fendants are criminally    responsible.
Thut they did in-some sense amonnt
eonspi racy  under Section 498 of the   tr trade restrictions I expressed mv
Criminal   Code.    That  section   is  as j gelf at Ule „loge oJ the trial  as  be.
follows ^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^
" '498. Everyone is guilty of an indictable offence and liable to a penalty not exceeding four thousand
dollars and not less than two hundred dollars, or to two years' imprisonment, and if a corporation is
liable to a penalty not exceeding ten
thousand dollars and not less than
one thousand dollars, who conspires,
combines, agrees or arranges v^ith
any other person, or with any railway, steamship, steamboat or transportation  company:—
*' '(a) To unduly limit the facilities for transporting, producing, manufacturing, supplying, storing or
dealing in any article or commodity
which may be a subject of trade or
ooinmeree; or
" '(bl To restrain or injure trade
or commerce in relation to any such
article  or  commodity;  or
"'(c) To und.ily prevent, limit
c lessen the manufacture or production of any snch article or commodity, or to unreasonably enhance the
price thereof; or
" '(d) To unduly prevent or lessen
competition in the production, manufacture, purchase, barter, sale, transportation or supply ol any such article or commodity, or in the price
of insurance upon person or property.'
"It is apparent from the reading
of the act that subsection tb) covers
as a generality the same ground
which subsections (a), (c) and (d)
oover specifically, yet under subsections (a), (c) and (d) to constitute an
offence the restraint must be 'undue,'
while subsection tb) contains no such
limitation. To construe (b) in its
literal sense would mean that under
one part of section 498 the doing of
an act without more is punishable,
while under another part of the same
lection the snme act is only an offence if done unduly—a legal condition it is impossible to attribute to
the  intention  of  parliament.
"Such a construction of (b) would
constitute the most ordinary and
natural understanding for business
protection or the advancement of
common interests, a crime. An agreement for the exclusive agency of a
manufactured commodity would
amount to a restraint of trade subjecting the contracting parties to the
penalties provided by the section.
Il is evident no such condition was
contemplated, and some other rea-
sonible  BOl"tion   must  be  found.
"I am inclined to the oi iiro i
which Seems to have been adopted
by Chief Justine Killnm in Gibbons
vs. Metcalfe, 15 M.R. B88, thnt subsection lb) relates to those re traints
whch nre not justified by any personal interest of Ihe coi.trncting
parties, but which are merely malicious restraints uncounect d with
anv business relations of the accused
Ne such ense was attempted to be
made under this present indictment.
All restraints suggested by the evi.
dence were ic/rP' d to, whether justi.
finblv or not, ss business regulations. Before furling the defendants
guiltv, these restraints must, in my
rending of the section, appear to bis
No Technical  Grounds
"The   evidence   offered
with   the  consent  of  counsel  for
apparently j ^"j
-  all
yoild a doubt. It is not every trade
restriction, however, which is criminally , punishable, not every trade
restriction wliich is even viciou■'.
As life can onlv be sustained bv the
destruction of life, so, paradoxical as
it mny appear, is the life of trade dependant on its own impairment.. And
as the right to protect individual life
has at nil times been universally
recognized, so must we reEpect the
right of a particular trade or business or of a particular class of traders, to protect their property by regulations and agreements, so long as
the public interests are not thereby
undid'1  impaired.
Legislation Regulating Trade
"This is the true field for legislation regulatim. trade restric'ions. )t
is the only field, to mv mind, parliament has attempted to occupy, and
the issue raised before me is not
whether the grain interests of the
west, in their effort to carry on a
leg:tiniate business, have done anything which might be considered a
trad? restriction, but whether, regard
being had to existing conditions,
t''ev have, to the undue public detri-
l.iant,    erected    barriers  to the  fair,
fee nnd natural competition oi c nn-
A   Duplicate   Svsten
"The natural conditions pertaining
to  the  grain  trade  in   Manitob.i  ure
ii   duplication   o.   tho.-e    ex is ing   in
eery   considerable    export    market,
rain is primarily collected ut trans-
(ii tut ion   points   convenient    to    its
.ital distriot.    What is not  required
ir strictly  local consumption  ft for-
aided to some geat collecting cent e
in this partic.-.lar case, to the head
if  lake   navigation   at   Fort   William
i  Port Arttmi     Toll is taken in its
irogrest to meet the requirements of
he   larger    milling    companies,  and
•he remainder is stored till the convenience  of  transportation,   and  the
eouireinents  of  foreign   markets de-
'ermine its destination and the time
if its shipment.
."There is one feature of the grain
trade whicli is largely overlooked.
While the crop matures at practically a common date, its ui-e is necessarily distributed throughout the
succeeding year. With manufactured
articles this is not ordinarily so. On
a normal manufacturers' market the
consumers' demand should keep
abreast of the production.
"Between the cop production and
its consumption a very large portion
mist be carried lor a considerable
time in store b.v the dealer's: The
exigencies of the grain grower require
an immediate market for at least a
material part of his outnut. Tha
farmer must sell a long way ahead
ol the requirements of consumption.
Meanwhile, owing to uncontrollable
world-wide fluctuations, the value of
the commodity is necessarily speculative.
Money  Necessary
"The    enormous    and     increasing
amount of money required to handle
I one  crop   can   be  inferred  from  Mr.
! Horn's  evidence.    Prom   1st  September,  1905, to .list August.  1906, he ill-
j spected  of 'wheat  alone  nt  Winnipeg
cars, or nearly 65.000.000 bushels.     This  did    not    include     wheal
interests) assumed the form of an I „rown east of Winnipeg, whent which
investigation of the conditions gov- f(|UI.(1 ju w|iy t0 the WOrld'B mar-
erning the grinn trade of the w«-t w_ yja n,xiu,hi or w|,ea, U8ed by
rather than a trial of charges speci- | [nterior min,. Assuming it to be of
fled in the  ii.dii'tment.    "let as in a i the average vll|,le 0| 7R 08ntg B b she)
at   Fort William,  this  means  a Iock
large sense the guilt or innocence of
the accused is interwoven with the
subject of the inquiry, I feel called
upon to treat the matter so'ivwhat
broadlv, rather than to conclude it.
bv a decision based only upon narrow technical and strictly legal
"My duty iB much lightened bv
the somewhat unusual riicm tance
that, although the trial lasted many
davs. it concluded with absolutely no
conflict of evidence on material
points. The testimony of all of the
witnesses, whether those who. from
their interests, might be expected to
fnvor the prosecution or the defence,
vas in strict accord, and I can
therefore have no hesitation in accepting it ae the simple trith. For
the purpose of olenriess I propO'e tn
discuss the evidence without special
reference to any exis'ing distinction
between those associations with which
fie defendants, or some of then,
hnve been connected, namely, t'e
V'innipeg Grain 4 Produce Exchange, the Grain Dealers Association snd the Elevator Companies Association.
Crown's Case
"The   case   for  the  exown  ie  that
up for a part of the year at least,
for a considerable part as to a portion, of an aggregate of between. $45-
ooo.ooo and"' $511,000,000. p a tically
all of which must be provided by the
dealers. As a natural sequence the
dealer must so conduct his business
n.- to command t'e confide'tee of the
financial institutions of our country
and to attain this end he must eliminate so far as nossible the element of
speculation. A. small and cert in
orofit is n bi'ter banking asset thin
the ppHBibJiitv of a large hut entirely
speculative return.
The Option Market
"The only moans as yet devised to
.lirninate tlie element of speculation
is the option mirkei. Tne aealer
can thus uso the speculator as the
insurer uses the underwriters at
Lloyd's, to relieve him of a large
part of the element of uncertainty
incident to the trade, and by future
•tales against his cash purchases,
bring himself within the reasonable
purview of business.banking, and so
alone obtain that financial credit necessary to take care of the crop under  co—c'stkuiii  which  make  im—.ib__.
to the' larnier a ready m'arEet anil ai
its fair and legitimate value.
The Basis of Sale
"The common storage point naturally becomes the basis of sale and so
o' value. Primarily, grain is largely
purchased at the interior points of
production, but it must there b;
bought on a value relative to that at
its common storage centre, the difference or sprend depending largely
on transportation con-'itions. It is
usually, in the first instance, bo gh'
either on street or on track. Str et
purchases are those made from the
farmers' wagons, Track purchiis-s
where the grain has actually been
loaded info a enr.
"As grain is bought in the interio
on  the  basis  of  its  estimated  value
when   it   reaches   Fort   William,   its
interior  worth  is  necassnrilv  a m t
ter of  some  calculation.    Upon  conditions  which,   with     normal   crops
must at all times prevnil to a greater
or  less  extent   in   the   west,   it   is  a
matter   of  speculation   to   the   birer
when he can obtain delivery at Fort
William, when it will first attain it
true market value.    Under   ordinir
circumstances  this    speculative    element is slight, as it depend.?, except
for  a   short  period  each   year,  upon
conditions  which   experience  has   reduced  to a  practical  certaintv.  S ch
s  speculative element  as it is, however,  must  be  provided   against  the
Speculative Conditions
"There is one period of the year
when these speculative conditions
are of moment. When the purchasing
season has advanced to that point
when it is doubtiul if cars can be got
11 forward the grain before navigation closes, it is a somewhat nice
point as to when one must cease
buying it on a lake and rail basis.
The time does come each year when
a bushel of whe.it on track is worth
more thnn a bushel of similar wheat
on the street, because the one can
and the other cannot be got forward
for that season's lake freight. Thus
it is that for a period during encsi
year the street prices when compared
to track would appear unduly low.
At certain setisonsof the year a car
nt the dispornl of a shipper for lond-
ing purposes meanB just so manv
cents a bushel ndded to the value of
the wheat it will carry.
"Parliament to equalize car distribution has provided a system wliich
plnees each individual farmer in n?
favorable a position as an elevator
owner. A book is kept at each station which nil-one requiring a car
mav sign, nnd cars mnst be distributed in rotation of signing, one to
each, so that a large portion of the
cron is now moved bv platform
loading  bv the  firmer direct.
"A farmer mm' dispose of hi"
wheat in several different wavs. H'
mav load it on n car direct nud thei
either se" i» as track wheat or se"d
to Fort William, selling it on arrivn'
as cash wheat. He mav B'.ire it i .
in elevator under charges wliich ars
lubject to government regulation, and
ihence load it on track, or he may
tell it from liis wagon as street
Commodity of Exact Value
"Wheat is a commodity of exact
values. If two buyers compete in
Ihe same local market, an advance
Df one-eighth of a cent a bushel b.v
one, unmet by tiie other, would secure all, wheat oT'ered, delivery conditions being equal or nearly so. It
Is a commodity which requires a
quick market. It is in the public
Interest that dealers should congregate at some central point where
market iiiforma'ion is accumulated
and which affords easy and tree inter-communication; that they should
be governed and their business regulated by rules securing uniformity of
trade; that the market should be
conducted so as, so for as possible,
to eliminate the element of speculation amongst dealers by allowing
hedging of purchases to the establishment of a business which may bo
conducted on a snfe but narrow margin. It is because of these conditions
we find exchanges established at all
large trading centres, and doubtles-
some such considerations led to the
Incorporation of the Winnipeg Grain
A  Produce Exchange.
The Winnipeg Grain Exchange
"The Winnipeg Grain & Produce
Exchange was incorporated in 1891
b.v act of the local legislature; 64
Vic. c. 31. Ils objects aie declared
to be:
" '(a^ To compile, record and publish statistics, and acquire and distribute information respecting the
produce and provision trades, and
promote the establishment and maintenance of uniformity in the business, customs and regulations among
the persons engaged in the suid
trades  throughout the  province.
" 'To provide and regulate a suitable building or room for a Grain
and Produce Exchange and offices in
the City of Winnipeg, and encourage
the centralisation of the produce
and the provision trades of the snid
city thereat; to promote the establishment and maintenance of uniformity
in the business of its members aud
those dealing with them; to compile,
retold and publish statistics respecting the same; to promote the observance of such regulations and requirements as may be by bylaw established, not being contrary to law,
and to adjust, settle and determine
controversies and misunderstandings
between persons engaged in the said
trades, or which may be submitted
tc arbitration as hereinafter p:o
vided; to which ends the said corporation is hereby empowered bv/vot.
of the majority at any annual, quarterly or special meeting ol the Association,  to  make  ■»!!  proper needful
i i-   - ■
bylaws  lor us  gov*-.—err,  c-v.~
"The prosperity of the Exchange
has kept pace with the increased
crop production of the west until a
very large grain business is now
transacted on its floors and nearly all
of. the western dealers oi importance
are its members or associates. It
receives telegraphic reports of thS1
markets of the world and of conditions and estimates of interest to
dealers. This information it disseminates without stint through the newspapers and the freedom of its exchange. It hns passed rules regulating the dealings of its members,
looking apparently to the promotion
and systematizntion of trade and the
speedy and economical settlement il
disputes. By its bvlaws it has apparently endeavored to eliminate
speculation and establish n narrow
but stable margin of profit, affording
facilities to the birrower, permanency
and security to the derfler and the
fullest value to the grain grower.
The Alleged Conspiracies
"This brings me to the consideration of the conspiracies alleged. One
of the bylaws of the Exchange was
enacted for the purpose of putting
the grain business of the west on the
basis of a cent a bushel profit, neither more or less, from the time it
was purchased either on str.et or
track until it was taken off the western market by sale to the miller or
the exporter. Of the reasonableness
of this profit there can be no question. The crown's witnesses, without
exception, ag'eed that it was as
small as would enable the dealer to
do business and live, and in the
Gibbons case Chief Justice Killnm
has upheld this same bylaw nnd declared it both fair and just. His
judgment wns afterwards affirmed bv
the unanimous opinion of the Court
of King's Bench en banc.
"The bylaw was attempted to ne
rendered effective by s inter amendment and by agreements and arrangements b»twe°n the me'fbers of the
Exchange, Tt o:iginnlly prohibited
members from buying wheat nt a
price which would not show one
cent between the price paid and its
then value, on Fort William basis,
and wheat conld not be sold on con-
mission at less than one -cent a
bushel. t
Division of Commission
"In the strife to buy track wheat
it wns found members were employing agents nt small points at what
was practically a division of commission. It wns felt that if this was
not discontinued it would make such
serious and unnecessary inrods on
the commission returns as to prevent
members doing business on the one
cent margin. The commission byiaw
was then amended to prevent thi
members from employing a buying
agent"* at n market which was too
narrow to justify paying him a salary of $50 a month. This result d
in a large number of agents being
discontinued at the smaller points
and secured a greater portion of the
or.e cent a bushel to the membe.s of
the Exchange. It did not however,
according to the unanimous evidence,
in any way affect the price to the
farmer. It did not increase to the
slightest extent the profit to the
dealer, excent in so far as it cut his
expenses. It d'd not ma'eria'l''
lessen the convenience of the loc.il
market to the producer. It was
passed for the supposed furtherance
of the business of the Exchange and
without anv intent to lessen, nnd in
fact it did not lessen, the prrfits of
any other than the employes of its
Track Wheat
"Track wheat could be bought at
any time and at any place at a
price whicli would show tlie one cent
profit. As the v due of wheat was
constantly fluctuating during the
open hours of the Exchange (9.30
a.m. to 1.10 p.m.i, persons having a
car of track wheat to sell could obtain a quotation from a member or
several meu bars of the Exchange by
wire, and before accepting obtain a
iurthei and later quotation from in-
other member. If meanwhile prices
had advanced even fractionally tne
later quotation would be accepted,
but if the reverse, the original offer
was taken. In other words, it was
found detrimental to their b.isiness
to give what was praciically a temporary option during the ac.ive hours
of the market by attempting to buy
carloads of wheat at country points
bv telegraphic communication. It
was therefore agreed that while the
freedom of the market should at all
times be open to a person having
track wheut for sale, offers would
not be made to buy nt country points
during the market hours, but that
the closing prices would be immediately wired to all points, on which
basis track wheat would be bought
at these points until the following
market opening. To avoid expense
of duplicating messages and to in
sure the promnt receipt of market
quotations at coun'tiy points. Mr.
Fowler, the secretary of the Northwest Grain Dealers Association, was
employed to wire this price at the
close of the market. There is ro
question but thnT this was fairly
done, nor ig there any suggestion
that the price wired was not only
just but was the highest price that
could then be paid fur grain based
on Fort William values. To mv mind
this arrangement was not only a reasonable business protection, b-it vas
entirely unobjectionable from the
grain grower's point of view. The
country wheat owner could always
ascertain the exact value of his commodity, that is the value at Fort
William, either by 'phone or wire, or
from the daily papers, and deducting
the freight rate, he knew what the
tr____i  V-Jzfi. «a__.oul__   Le.    lit:    could
either Tel" tr***! i_*r go fbtwar?! "aniTae"-'
it on its arrival at Fort William as
cash  whent in  what   the    witnesses
sav is the best market in the world,
and at what was at all times, according  to  the  evidence,  absolutely the-
full value of the grain; he could send)
his  bill  of  lading tc Winnipeg and)
sell   either   during   or   after   market
on   the   Fort William   basis,   or  h»
could  wait   and   sell  at  the  closing
■price of the  day  to the local  agent
of   any   dealer   and   in   so   doing  he>
would receive what the miller or exporter  could  afford  to  pav  for  Fort
William whent in lots of market sizir
ton   the  same  basis  of delivery,  lessi
actual cost of transportation and lame
the one cent commission for sale.
There  Was   No  Agreement
"T find there '■ as no agreement between  any   parti .s  to  abide   by  anv
street   prices.    There   were   meetings
at which the average cost of handlings
wheat from street to car was discussed, and it was agreed,  regard being
had to all circumstances,    that   th«
average   actual   cost   of   maintaining;
the elevators was a little over 3 cent*
a bushel on the average wheat handled.      It'    was    stated    by    all    the"
crown's witnesses who testified on the-
point thn*  this figure did  truthfully
represer.. the actual cost.    It was also  discussed,   and,   I   think,   practically agreed, that a fair and convenient method of ascertaining the stre t ..
value would be to deduct, three ce: tu.
and the fraction  (whatever the friction might be) from the track price,
assuming  the  stieefc. wheat  could  . r>
forward for like delivery with true';.
Otherwise,   what  was  its  equivalett,
to  base it on  the  month   when the*
street  wheat    might    reasonnb'y  b»
expected  to  become  cash   wheat  by
delivery at Fort William.   If this evidence is true, and as it is from tne
crown's   own   witnesses   and   without
dispute,   it  must   be  so  accepted,  it
left a profit of one cent only on street
wheat,  disregarding    of    course  an/
speculative advances or reverses due
to  subsequent    market    changes, not
covered bv hedging sales,  and disregarding   also   variations   in   forwarding conditions, either for or against.
As fractions both up and down were
disregarded, Mr. Fowler was emplo"-
ed  to send  out quotations  by advising of each one cent variation only.
Prices Are Broken
"As a matter of fact, these prices
were constantly broken by increases,
but  even   assuming    thein   to   have
been adhered to, I rail to see in thera
more than  reasonable business regulations.    Certainly    on   the   uniform
evidence    nothing    unreasonable    or
undue.   In all of these it was stated
by  each  of the  witnesses  who testified on the subject, prices to the public were in no wise affected, the market  was  not  narrowed  and  convenience  of  delivery   was  not  lessened.
If  this  uncontradicted  testimony  ba
true,  and  it  was  not otherwise suggested, the public was not concerned?
in  the  limitations,   whichs amounted
to no more than private and internal
business arrangements.    So with tha
5,000   bushel   purchasing   limitation.
"Certain elevator companies decided as n mntter of individual management during a portion of one or
two years not to have more than
5.000 bushels of purchased wheat on
hand in anv one interior building at
nny one time during that portion of
the season when whent was bought
to go forward on a lake and mil
basis. The reason for this wns that
owintr to trnffic conditions it wns
doubtful when street wheat could be
routed, to b° co-npelled to enrry it
until the following season if bought
on the basis of going forward during
the purchnring season, meant n considerable loss. To provide against *
considerable depreciation o<-ing to »
quantity of whent being left,on their
hnnd? in the Interior, yet not to kee->
entirely out of the market some of
the compiles dicided to limit the
amount of their -treet nurchr»-.g, Of ■
this no one could complain. The lim-..
itintr comnsnies sent tl,eir purehuvi >>
whent, forv.frd a? quic'.cly a* • os«Tt'«
nnd re_uctl-ms*'in vi* « noo b'slHsT^
limit were at once filled b" WW p tr-
chnsi»s. Ac ""-• n as whent vrrn' on a
winter  basis "the  limitation /wa.-.  re-
moved.    Th"t this was unobiect'ori-
able  is  too  apparent to   requirt  di*- ,
I'llSnion. I
The  Allseed   Poollrf^ .^>
"Lastly, that some of the elevstqj
companies pooled receipts at certun
points. The coiistinction of great additional railway mileage, with its n-.
creased number nf loading cer.trW
and lessened territory tr butary ta><
the older ones, coupled with the [>:«••
:.ent facilities for p»ntform loading,,
lisp left many stations with much toj
great elevator capacity. The co n-
osnieB found it nucersflry to c t\
down expenses or increase th_>
elevator charges. To enable t *i
former course to be ad-ipted it
was agreed between h number of t »•
companies and adhered to for »
couple of seasons, although *ban«-
doned before this prosecution, thnt
al certain points elevator recipt*
should be equalized by an arbitrary
payment of about 2 cents a bushel
on a clearing house system. There
is no question, on the evidence, tha
public was not affected by the af»
rangement. It enabled the com*
panies to reduce expenses and ttik^
off stroet buyers, but it in no way
lessened the price pnid. When a
farmer brought his lond to inark»l
there was not quite so much surfn-a
activity in the efort to buy, h It •
there was none the less n free market nt the old price; the full market
value of his commodity, less the o e
cent a I unhid. Neither were s'.or &.
charges inc^se/i,
1   • ' -(Continued on pnge 6.) THE ADVOCATE, VANCOUVER, BRITISH COLUMBIA.
—July 20, 1907—
Phone 014.
All kinds of Mill Wood.
Dry Cedar a specialty.
Yard, foot of Columbia street.
Crocker Bros.
-     0&#00000000000000000000000>
-—and otlier—
ress Goods
Ail Next Week.
1 Qs
Mrs. H. A. Gibbs
Royal    Bank   Building,    Westminster
itvenue, Mt. Pleasant.
Get your work done at the
(1 snsjow Barber Shop
:2 doors from Hotel
Fi iiNK Underwood, Proprietor.
UflTHS— ;'ath room fitted with Porce-
l,Al-    BaiH    Tub    and  all   modern
fcton ■.•_iem.es.
i-room Cottage on  Manitoba
:;treet, close to tramline
Balauco Monthly Payments.
Mrs. R.  Whitney
2450 Westminster avenue.
The Advocate"
your locial taper
$layear; fi*: for fi mouths
idvertiao iu "Tho Advocate."
i like to read advertisements. They
tiie in themselves literature; and I
can gauge the prosperity of the coun-
i:y ,by their very appearance."—Willi;, .a IS. Gladstone.
for 12 Months
Silicon China
| [ Beautiful ware. Stock pattern in Royal Blue and Gold.
Buchanan & Edwards
«     662 664 Granville St. 'Phone 2021.
I ;
■ V-^/      if it happens
that you are NOT
■ buying Our Bread
it will please you.
Hanbury, Evans
& Co.
(Successors to W. D. Muir.)
2414 Westminster avenne, Mt. Pleasant
'Phone 443.
Summer Girl
We waut you to visit our Studio
nud let us show you how successfully we can photograph
you in your summer gown.
They look so neat and daiuty
that we know they will please
you, aud our special offer will
bo an inducement.
Northern Bauk Building, Niuth avenue.
Niuth & Westminster aves., Up-stairs
Cleaning, Pressing, Repairing
and Dyeing. TRY HIM.
What Is Dust?
Man is but highly organized dust.
So says modern materialistic philosophy. It Is true. But do you know
what dust ls? Do you know that dust
contains the possibility of everything that can exist? Do you know
what is latent in a speck of dust? Is
there any proof that a grain of dust
cannot evolve into a brain? We see
the marvelous metamorphosis of the
cocoon into a butterfly before our
eyes. Why then should not dust
evolve a Hamlet or a Don Quixote?
The finest imagination in the world
may be only dreaming dust. The
greatest philosopher In the world
nuiy bo only reasoning dust. It ls
m ire n-arvelous that dust should
evor become mind than that mind
shoii'i. return to dust. Nature is a
gigantic crucible. All is alchemy.
JJut who bas discovered the Alche-
mis,'.' Evolution teaches us that ma',
has evolved from protoplasm. But
what microscope can tell us what
protoplasm Is? We know it only as
a veiled force. And dust Is a veiled
force. Who knows what ls cradled
In the atom? Despised dust! But
what is dust?
lit. Pleasant Mall,(Postoffice.)
The letters are colU-cted from theMt.
Pleasant Postoffice at the following
hours:    .
7:80,9,10:30 a.m.,
13:30, 15:15, 16:45 o'clock.
All classes of mail leaves at 10 a. ra.
and 8 * 10:30 p. m.   .
Mail arrives nt 9:30 and 8:15 p. m.
it only $1.00 a year,
50c. for 6 months,
39p for » mottfkB.
Messrs. II. O. Lee and Sidney J,
Lee visited Seattle this week.
Mr. Roy Lee returned Tuesday
from a stay of several days in Seattle.
Miss J. Kllkennie of Twelfth avenue, returned Sunday from a week's
stay with friends In Victoria.
Messrs. T. A. Tidy and J. Martin
this week sold their homes on Ninth
avenue, consideration being $12,300,
Subscribers are requested to report
any carelessness iu the delivery of this
Mrs. J. D. Allen who underwent
an operation for appendicitis at the
City  Hospital  is  progressing  favor-
-***■ _,!.__-.___■
The finest candies, most refreshing
soft drinks and the best of ice cream at
Main's Mt. Pleasant Confectionery.
Rev. H. W. Piercy of Mt. Plea,
sant Baptist Church, ls attending
the Baptist convention at Summer
land this week. '
Before starting on a shopping tour
110k over the advertisements in the
Mrs. T. Jull and family have ar
rived in Madison, Neb., on'a visit to
relatives. Master Earl Jull up to the
time of his departure about three
weeks ago was one of "The Advocate" route boys. ,
The Garden Fete to be given by
the Victorian Order of Nurses on
the lawn of Mr. and Mrs. S. G.
Faulkner, Nicola and Beach ave., Is
set for Tuesday, July 23rd. Auto
rides will be an attractive feature
of the evening's pleasures.
For Sale By
Mrs. R. Whitney
2450 Westminster ave.
***********0****00*0***000 4******0*00*****00***0000*
Wood Yard.
F. W. STONE, Prop.
ALL KINDS OF Sixth and
MILL WOOD. Willow streets.
Telephones 2848 and B1695.
Electric Rays, perfectly bygenie; no
cure, no pay; for skiu diseases, lip or
skin cancers, lupus and inflammation of
the eyes. Other affections quiokly
cured or relieved.—Capt. Ii. B. Walton,
581 Ninth avenue west.
The Important event of this week
has been the convention of the National Council of Women in this city.
Much Important business has been
put through by the Council.
The exhibition by the Canadian
Art Association of the work of the
French Habitant and of the Douka-
boor women at Tourist Association
on Granville street, was most attractive. Miss Lindsay of Toronto,
treasurer of the Association, had
charge of the exhibit.
Beautiful new house on Ninth avenue, 2 fireplaces; price $8,600, cash
Cottage on Ninth avenne, 6 rooms,
pretty home; cash $1,000, balance easy
50-ft, Lot on Sixth avenue for a short
time only $1,665.
Lots on Scott, good location.
50-ft. Lot on Ninth avenue; $2,700,
cash $1,700, balance C. P. R. terme.
North Arm Road: Choice lots for
building within tho reach of the work-
iiigmiin; very easy terms. Five-cent
fare on tramline
By Hilton R. Greer.
One dared to die. In a swift moment's space,
Fell in War's forefront, laughter on
his face. :;   jgijff
Bronze tells bis fame In many a market-place.
Another dared to live.    The    long
years through,
Felt his slow heart's blood oose, like
crimson dew,
For Duty's sake,   and smiled.   And
no oft* bm*m.
Three room cottage, 2 lots, fruit
trees aud email fruit, Ontario street;
price $1,700.
One 50-ft lot, on Thirteenth avenue,
$500; cash $825—u good buy.
Beautiful cornor, fine house on property.   In desirable part of Vancouver.
Two choice lots on Ninlh avenue;
price ou terms $1.600,cash $1.000,balauce
6 and 19 mouths; price nil cash $1.525.
These are very desirable lots.
Lots iu South Vaucouver: Double-
corner, vory good buy; price $1,200, cash.
$4,500, V* cash—will buy
44~ ft. front on
Westminster ave.
Good business property.
Mrs.R.Whitney, "Advocate"
Office, Mt.  Pleasant.
Have Fine Lots in
3450 Westminster ave.


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