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The Morrissey Miner Mar 28, 1903

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 The morrissey  Miner
VOLUME   1
MOKRISSEY,   BRITISH   COLUMBIA,   SATURDAY,   MARCH   28.   1903
NUMBER 30
MORRISSEY, B. C.
" There's No Place Like Home "
Australian
Hotel	
H. L. Stephens, Prop.
Morrissey — - B. C.
pool Co.
Our Groceries Have Arrived
We wish you to call and inspect them and see if you are
■satisfied with our selection. If you are not, then we are
not, and wi I continue to add to it till we have what you
want. We solicit a fair share of your patronage in this line,
and if fair dealing and correct and reasonable prices will
bring you, me shall accommodate you.
J. A. Gillis
.THE CASH STORE
MORRISSEY DEPARTMENT STORE "
Our atook la rapidly thinning out under the pressure of
Greatly.Keduced Prices
You can deoend on every article you buy at tlvs store
;; Unreliable goods will never fi id place here. You'll find the
'P, best or nothing, and value for value. You'll find our prices
• i down to the buy-without-question mark.
R. HIRTZ, Proprietor
IT Mil BE
SETTLED TODAY
The Differences May Finally Be Adjusted.
<s>«>e*s>§»s><£k«k$KS><H«$>^.$:g^
1 ...THE...
London and
Liver
Fernie, B. C.
Departmental Store
DEPARTMENTS
1 Clothing
2 Mens Furnishings
3 Mens Boots and Shoes
4 Ladies & Childrens Boots and Shoes
5 Staple and Fancy Dry Goods
6 Millinery and Fancy Goods
7 House Furn'shgs, Carpcta, Linoleums,
8 Furniture
9 Crockery and Glassware
10 Groceries
11 Hardware, Stoves and Tinware
IT IS TIME   TO SETTLE
Common Sense Should Prevail and Bull
Headedness Take  a  Back
Seat
MOB RULE SHOULD BE SQUELCHED
James McDonell came 'own from Per"
ale last evening, and slated tbat he
was informed tbat there was a chance
of the strike being settled today. It
seems that moat of tbe English speak-
Ing miners are willing lo return to
work on tbe term, agreed upon, but the
Slavs are opposed to It under tbe advice
and counsel of one or two radical leaders.
If the terms agreed upon by the com
pany aud tlie Federation c< mrnhtee are
not agreed upon, then it ls time for the
government to take a hand and protect
tbe company In operating the mines.
Manager Tonkin bas done everything
possible within the bounds of reason to
ring about a satisfactory settlement.
He has made concessions and been reasonable in the treatment of the difficulties, so reasonable in fact, that every
representative of unionism present in
tbe conference has been amply satisfied.
And yet the strike ls not settled. Tbe
foreign element that is holding out
against a settlement is held by the leadership of one or two men who have no
knowledge of tbe general injury resulting from the strike, or if they do, have
no thought of results. Thousands of
laboring men are suffering frota this
strike, and If unionism mtans anythin ',
It means the greatest good to the grr. t
est number.
If the coal strike Is not settled th>
 ..., n is a ueath blow to unionism in
this district.     It will be tbe duty of the
government to put In an armed force to
protect the coat company, for tbe work
of mining coal must proceed, or every
Industry  in   eastern  British Columbia
must perish.
The Miner believes in unionism, but
it also believes in fairness in adjusting
labor troubles, and not In lawlessness
or mob rule. All violations of the law
should be promptly squelched, and tbe
Crows Nest mines sbould be operated.
We want prosperity for the men, for the
country and for tbe company, It ls
time for bull beadedness and Ignorance
to take a back seat.
(ket us get to work. Let us have,
peace and prosperity. Let us have
comur.n sense and reason. It will be
better for all.
EUGENE WALTER
Proprietor
A First Class Hotel in
a First Class Town
RATES:   ONE DOLLAR PER DAY
BEST OF WINES, LIQUORS AND CIGARS
J. MECREDY.
DRAYand EXPRESS
Wood and Coal For Sale
•1 tm in shape to jjMfc <uuftf ul attention to any business fn ray line.   Satis*
■Action jruaranieed.   Wtt wata a -tyecURy of safe transportation of all .goods.
Situation At Present.
Fernie, March 25.—The miners' meeting called by the conciliation committee
'or this morning, was fairly well attended. The chairman, John Keen, reviewed their work from the start to the
present deadlock.
Mr. Giur.ce, secretary to the committee, in an eloquent address, clearly
showed the false position the meg were
placing themselves In. He pointed out
that 101 men In the three camps voted
for acceptance and 338 against, while
the remainder of the 1363 men in the
employ of the Coal company did not
vote. He also showed that IS of the
lowest paid men that the executive
could find had, nnder oath, given evidence from which It appeared that their
net average daily earnings amounted to
93 70.
Chris Foley made a vigorous speech.
He spoke strongly against the influence
of agitators. The union, he claimed
had got the recognition they wanted,
and he believed In regard to the other
details, that tbe settlement was the
best possible under the circumstances
Their repudiation of their executive
board, he said, would be a blow at unionism all over the province.
Mr. Flumerfelt showed the wide
spread effect of the strike, and necessity
of the immediate settlement to save
their brother unionists In the Boundary
country, who were on the point of being
discharged. His remarks evinced a
keen interest lu the welfare oi the
working men.
Tbe secretary of the local union, in
reply, tried to upset some of the arguments of the former speakers. He said
the miner* were golug to settle the
qucstlou i-hemselves, and not the con-
ciliatlon committee or the disttict executive, and he urged the men to oppose the acceptance tf the terms.
Others present also addressed the
meeting.
All the members of the executive
committee and the conciliation comml-.
slon, and George Dougherty, president
of district No. 6, W. F. M , were on the
platform
The feeling of the men seemed to be
In   accordance   with   yesterday's vote.
Tbe speakers were given a fair hearing,
but there was very little applause.
Tbe miaers hold another meeting tomorrow, when prob-bly another vote
will be taken.
Figures of tbe votes polled at the
three camps are:
For   Against
Fernie     20 105
Morrissey  ..        10 113
Michel     71 00
Hope of settilog the strike bas by no
means been abandoned either by the
c mentation committee, headed by John
Keen, or by the officers of the W. F. M.
Chris Foley, Harry Seaman of Hosslao),
President Dougherty and the Indefatigable Jobu Keen are all working hard
and seem to be of tbe opinion that an
soon as tbe miners can be got to understand the true aspects of the situation
they will be willing to be bound by the
action of tbe executive. The trouble
would seem to be that tbe majority of
ihe non English element, new to the
country, is hardly able to appreciate
either tbe true conditions or the methods of approach applied in this country.
It is expected, however, that this oppc-
sltlon, which chiefly arisen iiom undue
suspicion, will be removed.
INTERESTING
NOTES   FROM   THE   MINES
An Answer   to a  Question
Often Asked.
ABOUT    REAL    ESTATE
Mob Law.
Morrissey, B. C, March 27, 1903.
Editor Miner:
The extraordinary state of affairs-
extraordinary for Canada—existing in
our sister town of Ferule at the present
time is a disgrace to our institutions
and the British flag. There is an actual relgu of terror. It began last summer when a constable was run out of
town. It was alleged that he had mace
a remark objectionable to the miners
and they took tbe law in their own
hands. They have been keeping It
there ever since. The then chief constable was standing by when the mob
demanded the surrender of tills man to
them. He banned him over and they
chased him for miles along the railway
track. All these men go by the railway
track, there being no government roads
lu the country.
There was no notice taken of the action of these men. Encouraged by this
fact, they ;hen proceeded to regulate
th" domestic affairs of some families.
with the result that five or six more hit
the trail. Men began to ask each other,
"Where will this thing end?"   With the
settlement of the  strike the thin? (tea*,
eu umu a lew aays  ago,  when another
outoreak occurred.    A  mob went up to1
Coal creek mines where a few men were
wortclng In the  power  house,  keeping
the fans going.     They drove these men
away with violence,  through  the town
and down tbe track.    N jt satisfied wltn
that they entered the  house  of one  of
the men, and finding only his wife they
dragged her down stairs, saying If they
couldn't   find  her   husband   she  would
have to go.   She was enciente.
A farcical attempt to bring these men
to justice Is being made. The brute
who assaulted the woman was let out
under bonds of the nominal amount of
$300, and of course, disappeared.
Are these outrages to continue? What
of the boasted security of life and property In Canada?
This article has no reference to the
strike. It is a p'aln statement of facts.
1 There is being sown the, seed in tbis
district now that one day will yield an
abundant crop of bloodshed. When It
is being harvested the luefflclents at
Victoria, who are supposed to govern
the country and maintain law and order
will probably have been relegated to
the background, but the country will
suffer just the same.
There Is a lawless element here that
constitutes a constant menace to the
peace and welfare of tbe community,
and until It Is dealt with by the strong
arm of the law, life and property are in
danger. Something must be done to
put an end to the perpetration of these
outrages, and done quickly.
A Believer In Law.
No Money Made Unless Commodities arc
Exchanged  and   Profits  are
Realized.
WHY  LOTS  ARE  PUT  UP FOR SALE
THE   COAL   OUTPUT
What the Crows Nest Pass Coal
Company Is Doing.
The Crows Nest Pass Coal company
has demonstrated that It Is one of the
largest industii.il institutions in Canada by lis output the past two years.
The last year, owing to the explosion
and strikes, has not been what it would
lav; been under more favorable circumstances. A. Dick, mines Inspector
foi South East Kootenay, furnished
The Miner with the following figures,
which will prove interesting reading:
The output of coal shows a small Increase over the past year, but with a
small decrease in coke. The total coal
produ ed from the Crows Nest Pass
Coal company's collieries during 1902
was 303,901 tons, an increase over the
year 1901 of 1-1,000 tons. Of this coal
170, Kio tons was converted Into coke,
producing 107,837 tons, as compared
with 111,683 tons In the previous year,
showing a small decrease of 3816 tons.
Of the above coke 26.746 tons were sold
into the United States, and 81,073 tons
were sold for consumption In the Do-
miulon of Canada. The coal export for
the year 1902 waB 101,746 1-20 tons,
which also wei.t to the United States,
atid for consumption In the Dominion
of Canada 121,731 19 20 tons, which includes the coal consumed under the
boilers about these collieries-.
When one Is ecgaeei in the sale of
real estate he meets with many peculiar propositions. Tbat is to say, the
various phases of humanity are exemplified to blm In his dealings with the
public. This was demonstrated the
pasi week by au Uquiry received by
Mr. Crahan, agent for the Morrissey
townsite, and in answering it Mr. Crahan has stated the position of every
man engaged in the same line of business,
Mr. Crahan received a Tetter the other day that contained the following inquiry:
"U the lots you have advertised dur-
log the past six months are all you represent them to be, why don't you keep
them yourself?"
Mr, Crahan makes the following reply:
"The above was sent to my office this
week, and I will try to give my questioner a satisfactory and convincing
answer.
uIncrease In the value of real estate
Is entirely dependent upon development, and the only way a satisfactory
development (and by that I mean a
great number of residences and inhab-
taut.*) can be secured is through diver-
s fit d ownership. If my company kept
the   property   without  improving it, or
without inducing people to live on it, it
.. ._.j .uv-i case m value in proportion to the pressure of development
about it, and probably not one-tenth at
fast as if it were Improved, distributed
ta lots, built upon and inhabited. Then
too, the burden of carrying large tracts
of unimproved land would be more than
any prudent operator should care to undertake.
uMy company Is in the land business
just as John WaDnamaker is in the
dry goods business. He lays lar^e
quantities of goods, advertises them,
stIs them at a reasonaole profit and all
are benefitted. My company takes up
land, or buys it at wholesale, thereby
securing It at low piices, lays it out In
lots and retails it at a fair profit.
"A large proportion of the sales receipts are spent in extensive improve
ments, and as Mr. Wannamaker does,
the surplus Is reinvested and so business ls continued indefinitely. Some of
the company's lands must be sold In order to get the maximum price for the
remainder."
OLD   AND   NEW.
Change   In    Superintendents   On
the Crow.
As has been stated In The Miner,
R K. Jamieson, superintendent of the
Crows Nest line, has been promoted to
a general superlntendency with headquarters at Calgary, and has gone there
to arrange his staff. Last Monday
night the board of trade of Cranbrook
tendered him a banquet. It was the
largest and most successful gathering
of the kind ever held In that town.
About 70 business men and railway employes sat down to tbe banquet board,
and for five hours It was one unceasing
round of pleasure. Many were present
from ail over the district, and the occasion was a most enj jyable one, A
pleasing featuie was the presence of
J. G. Taylor, Mr. Jamleson's successor,
and many kind words were said for
both geutlemen, We bave spoken of
the miuy good qualities of Mr. Jamieson, and equally as much may be said
of Mr. Taylor, his successor, who was
formeily superintendent on the Great
Northern, and Is a railroad man of rare
ability. The Miner bespeaks success
for both gentlemen In their new positions.
Beats Giving It Away.
Nelson Tribune: About a hundred
Nelson men are applying for licenses to
prospect for coal in East Kootenay. If
their applications are granted tlie provincial treasury will be Lhe gaiuer by
8325,000. As many more people, who
live in other sections of the province,
are doing the same thing, and it is to be
presumed if they succeed they will be
out of pocket another #325,000. This
tneaus that the provincial government
would realize #650,000 for the sale of
1.28,000 acres of land thut is supposed to
contain more or less coal. Surely this
is a belter way of disposing of laud than
grunting it to railways as subsidies.
Items of General   Interest  From
the  Coal   Center.
We regret to announce the death of
tbe infant daughter of Mr. acd Mr*.
William H'jbiusoD, which cccurred on
Sunday, March US, at the mine town.
II F. Martin, mine superintendent,
returned from Fernie Sunday.
A site has been given by the Ceal
company to the Methodists here for a
church. The location Is In the center
cf tie town, ar.d within easy access to
all. Tbe lumber is on tbe ground so
building may stait atiy day. This is a
good thing for the resident.-*, as they
li . v« bad to put up with the school
hcu-e too long.
Mrs. \V. H. Harris and children have
-:;one to Fernie where she will reside
for a time, until sbe j j!us her husband
in Ilajden, Montana.
Messrs. Symmonds, UjrrUge, U.cb-
ijrdson, Spenae and Huber took in tbe
dance at the Australian Tuesday. Mr.
and Mrs. A. Hamilton also attended.
An alliance has been formed by one
of our young bachelors and tbe secretary of the Knockers club at Morrissey,
and now everything reigns supreme.
At one time it looked like a duel, but
owing to the difference In stature of
the opponents, it was called off.
When at a dance a waltz is called and
ladies' choice Is given, a man who hldts
h in eif under the table must be afflicted
wi h lots of cone—. Thfs was done by
an lrreslstable young man of Morrissey
Tuesday night, and came from his wearing one of those passion shirts.
A committee of the Federation came
down to the mines on Monday to confer
with the miners bete ou the strike situation. It was hoped that work would
be resumed again after the concessions
trade by the Coal company, but after a
vote of all present only 10 voted for
work. Several of our best men are
leaving tbe camp disgusted with the
strike, as there has been no work now
for nearly seven weeks, and by the outlook at the present time It may be
another seven or more before the mines
start again. It is to be hoped that tbe
present state of affairs will have a
speedy termination, or the country at
large will suffer that which will take a
lone time to recover from.
Messrs. Trites and Word, accompanied by accountants and clerks, came In
on Thursday's train and proceeded to
the minr. They Intend to take stcck
at the store, preparatory to taking over
tbe business from the Coal company.
N. Forrest, justice of the peace at
the mine, left for Wardner Thursday
morning.
Fritz Bachor,   the  genial butcher at
the   mine,  Is expected back from Wau
sau,   Wisconsin,   accompanied   by   bis |
bride, on Monday next.
The Rev. Stillman came up from Fernie this week to arrange for the building of the new Methodist church here.
He was accompanied by C. F. Connor.
POLITICS NOW
Smith Curtis Is Dead Sort
on Joe Martin.
tin: main issue to him
E.   C.   Smith   Has   An  Opportunity  tl
flain Tame and Name At This
Sessioo.
GENERAL   COMMENTS  OF   INTERESf
Search for Egan'a Body.
With the coming ol spring the search
for the body of Superintendent Egan,
of the Montana division of ihe Great
Northern, comprising also the Jeunings-
Morrlssey branch, who was lost In the
mountains near Columbia Falls last
November, has been taken up again.
The widow and friends of the missing
man are pushing the search, and it Is
possible Great Northern officials may
take a hand in the matter. Mr. Egan
carried life insurance to the amount of
$25,000. Not a cent of this has been
paid the widow, and probably will net
be if the body is not found, without a
considerable amount 0* litigation. This
will delay the payment for a long time,
and friends of the widow are anxious to
have the matter settled for her sake.
It is believed that if the body Is found
early enough iu the spring that it will
be recognizable, as Mr ISjan disappeared during cold weather and probobly
died from exposure. He went up into
the mouutalns, with which he was quite
familiar, in the early part of November
on a hunting trip, and has not been
heard from since. The railroad company, at this time, took up the search,
but no trace of the missing man cmld
be found,
Another Big Contract.
Messrs. Foss and McDonell have secured the contract for grading and constructing the foundation for 250 new
coke ovens at Michel. They will have
their outfit ready for removal in a short
time, and expect to commence work on
the new contract early next month.
The new contract will require the removal of about 14,000 yards of rock.
Tho Sullivan
II begins to look as If tbe Sullivan directors are getting matters in shape so
that all their difficulties may be cleared
up anil work inaugurated ou the completion of tlie smeller at MarysvUle, It
is understood that the new loan of $100.-
000 has been negotiated and ihat the
s'.ock iu the company is again ou a
sound basis. This will be good news to
many in this district holding stcck and
to everybody interested in seeing the
work on the smelter go ahead.
WTe met Smith Curtis, the weil knowtt
lioasland politician, on the Irjln th*
ether day. Mr. Curtis is a member of
the present Louse, and during the last
seision was tbe leader of an independent party lu the hous*, composed of
himself aud E C. Smth. the member
from Sontfa Eiit Kootenay. There was
a tliee when Mr. Curtis was a boson
friend of Joe Martin, and they botft
slept under the same political sheet.
But a change has come over the spirit
of his dreams. Now, judging from th*
expressions of opinion there is only one
obj ct left for him in life, and th. t l< to
shove the political knife in Mr. Martina
vitals.
Desiring to secure some li.formation
from what might be termed the fountain head, Tbe Miner iran asked a nam*
b r of questions, and so far as the Information secured Is co corned, the 11-
Urview might as well have been as follows:
"Tais will be a busy session, Mr. Car*
tUt"
"Oh, ye I Very basy^ and we mast
down Joe Martin."
"Will they go to the countrjf
"I cannot say.) but we must down £0*
Martin."
'Will tbis session grs"' »»j lanfcs ot
Ldsu suosidUs to the railway companies?"
'I can't say,  but  we must down Jot
Martin."
"j 'J  you  imuK  inounae   is tryxug to
work a scheme to succeed Prior?"
"That may be, but we must down joe
Martin."
"What do you think of the coal
strike?''
"It Is a mo3t unfortunate thlrg foff
the province, but we must down Joe
Martin."
"What will be done with the SoB'-h
East Kootenay reserve?"
"It should be opened for the public,
and we must down Joe Martin."
"How does Joe Martin stand"
"He has no standing in the province
except a'. Cranbrook, and we n est dowa
him. I will go to th. t town to speat
against any man who runs fer the house
as a Martin man. We must down Joe
Martin."	
The meeting of the ; ssoc lated boards
of trade at Fernie last we^k was a pronounced success, and no doubt great
good will be the result of the confer-
ence. Fernie treated the visitors in 1
royal manner and gave them a great
banquet. Fernie citizens demonstrated
the fact that even in a time of depression they know how to do things right.
Oar urbane friend, W Ii- Ross, offl lated
as toastnuster, and la consequence the
prcceedings of the evening moved along
with a degree os smoothness that added
to that gentleman's fame as a presiding
officer at a social function.
It will not be long before Morrissey
beer will be added to the fame of tbe
town that produces Morrissey coal.
Our friend Smitb, who represents
this district, has before him the greatest opportunity of any politician In
British Columbia. There are men in
politics lu this province who would
give ten years of their life for the
etiance now held by Mr. Smith. He
can stand at Victoria within two weeks
after the house meats as the most pop-
u!ar man In Sjulh Eist Kootenay.
Will he be equal to tbe occasion? It
will require courage and a broad, liberal mind, but, 5e gods, It Is the opportunity of a lifetime. He may lose a few
supporters, but he can make himself
solid with the whole district If he take*
the right course.   Watch blm.
A Varied List,
The C P R. has gathered its leading
officials from all over the world. Sir
William VanHorne is a Dutchman from
tbe state of Illinois-; SirTbomas Shaugh.
nessy is an Irishman from Milwaukee;
D. McNicoll is from Scotland; Wi Ham
Whyte is an old countryman.; Robert
Kerr is a Yankee from Rhode Island;
chief engineer Mclienry is a native of
the United Stated R. Mar pole is fro**
Wales; ]. W. Troup was born In the
sta'e of Washington; William Dowoie i«
from Ireland. The only high official »•»
theCatalian Pacific Railway company
who is a native bred Canadian is Georfc
McL. B'cwn. mm tlirce or four times und said:
"Now, by tbe beard of Josbua's goat.
you produce tbat money, or I won't
! leave a whole bone In your body! Out
' witb it!"
"I owe you two and a balf," said the
major a* bis rigbt band went down to
his pocket.
|    "You do!"
j   "And—and  here  it is.   Tbat is to
!    That was to sav tbat be pulled out
[Copyright. 1902. by Charles Austin]      j nnJy     ,     dol,ar     but    tba    collector
MAJOR   CROFOOT   bad   been   "chugged" blm again, aud n dollar and
talking to a caller for balf [ a half was added.    Tbe bill was re-
an   hour   on   the   profit   of j celpted and left ou the desk, and as the
raking long tailed oxen uud j man went out be said:
establishing soap factories oil over tbe I    "That's all today, and I hope you'll
£06 9 9 $6 * • • ® • • •
Ithe grand!
s promoter |
© — o
£.  He Pf yi a Debt, but Can't Make jj.
j*t Out How He Came To
ARE FACING  DEATH.
70,000  PEOPLE   IN   NORTHERN   SWEDEN STRICKEN OF STARVATION.
world when be opened the door to let
tbe man out und found unotber ready
to Btep in. It wus a man witli a bill
for -_'.r»ii for a hat.
"I have come to see If you Intend to
pay tills bill." said the collector us be
stepped Inside tbe room and set his
Jaw.
"A bill, nnd ngnlnst uieV" queried the
enjoy tbe novel sensation."
But tbe major didn't. He sat down I
and got up. and be walked to and fro
and stood still, but lie seemed to be lu !
tbe midst of wheels going round. "I .
owed two and a half," be mused. "It I
was un old debt fur au old bat. I bave j
been hss enough to pay it, and tbe niuu j
hns departed  with  tbe money.   How |
People In Ihe Stricken District uf Kin,;
Oicar'a Healin Are Even -Vow sub.
elating ou I.,:. 1 han Half the Bailees
of r'aiuine I iuee- Relief lundi From
Other louutrlei Mil] Ue Required t">
Six Months.
! A feeling of deep sympathy not tin-
; mingled with horror wus experienced
j by news readers the other day ut tbe
'intelligence conveyed by cable from
: Sweden that in the northern dis-
'■ trlcts ot King Oscar's realm 70,000
; people were reduced Lo tlie direst
| straits by famine. The latest re-
j liable Information wus received    on
major in a surprised voice.   "My dear ; did I come to?   What lias happened? j
What's wrong with me?"
And two other creditors at tbe door,
who bad found It lucked, heard tbe
major pacing to ami fro nnd tulking I)
himself, and they wondered whether It
would be a ease of suicide or one for a
lunatic asylum. Jl. QUAD.
man, but there must be some tuislnkf-
tiik re surely mutt."
"It is fiirn hat, nnd the account bas
been running for two years."
••a bat? ail is it possible tbat I
bought a hat two years ago and didn't
pay for it?"
"It is not only possible, but It's a
cold (act" replied tbe collector. "I
bare worn out u pair of shoes limiting
yuu, and now I want to know what
you are going to do about it. Understand right off the reel that you can't
IVo   Monkey   Hniirh  There.
"During   the   last   campaign,"   said
Senator Heltfeld. "I spoke ull over Idaho.   One duy, up In the northern part
of tbe state, u Wheel came off the liug-
bamboozlo me.  I'm on to all your little I gy in which I was riding.    1 walked
tricks." along the rond a piece until I came to
'■Ykiu seem to be laboring under con- | a rancher's house.    Tlie only person I
sfderable  mental  excitement,"  calmly j could  tind  was a  big,  shock  headed
Swede.
answered Hie major us he walked
about "and therefore I shall overlook
you,- stitin wlini insulting remarks. My
friend. I can pay 11,000 for Jl as fust
as any old debts come in."
"Then pay the lace value of this one.
You have shirked It long enough."
"Exactly,  it shall be paid.  Will you
have cash ei H cheek?"
"The cash. Your check wouldn't be
worth the ink it was written with. Two
and u balf, please."
"You shall have It, and I trust you
will biter on render me full aud ample
apology for your words. Meanwhile
let me ask you if you know anything
about explosives?"
" 'My friend,' I said, 'can you tell me
where I can find a monkey wrench?'
"He looked at uie blankly for a minute and then said:
" 'No; this bar ben a sheep ranch au'
over thar ben n cattle ranch. I don't
kuow where thar's a monkey ranch!'"
—New York World.
How   It   lln>   He   Done.
"Do you think thnt it is really possible to support a family on $10 a week?"
said tbe woman with a worried look In
her eye.
"Certainly," nnswered the businesslike friend.    "The experiment may be
"I know when I'm blown up or when ; made quite remunerative  if one only
I blow some one else up.    What's ex- j has the knack of writing magazine ur-
plosives got to do with this old debt?"
"A good deal, indirectly, perhaps.
You haven't heard of the t'rofoot warship exterminator because its existence
bus not yet been made public und
won't be for ten days yet   It is an ex-
tlcles ubout it."—Washington Star.
It  Annoyed  Her.
"Yes, tbe widow is perplexed."
"How is that?"
"She doesn't know Whether it nieuus
thut her busbund was a good man or
sbe is a vixen."
"I don't understand."
"When he died, the papers said that
he had gone to a happier home." —
Brooklyn Eagle.
I30LAR PHYSICS.
j It. A. Stupart, F.U.S. t., Cheervatory Chief,
on Matteis Meterolk,j;iral uud Astronomical—Trolley System Troubles.
At the Canadian Institute rooms in
| Toronto ou a recent Saturday night,
un address was reud by  It.  A   Stu-
part, F.R.S.C., on astronomical niat-
| ters.     Mr.    Stupart  said the   world
! was awaking to the importance of so-
I lar    physics,    meteorology,   seismo-
I graphy   and    terrestrial   magnetism.
! Much good work had been done    by
the Toronto Observatory,    and     he
was glad to say that Canadians generally   were  beginning   to   appreciate
It.
The lecturer traced briefly the rise
and growth of meteorological and
magnetic science, und stated thut the.
British Associat ion in 1H84 ordered
u magnetic survey to be made of the
principal lands of the two hemispheres, in 1HH7 u report Wus published, and in IHilS uu expedition,
partly subsidized by Queen Victoria,
wus organized under Sir John itoss
uml sailed tor tbe Antarctic on u
voyage of discovery and magnetic investigation.
Canada und Van Liiemen's I-iand
vrero selected us being nearest the
magnetic poles, and St. Helena, because it wus lu the sphere of least
magnetic disturbance, uud in tliese
j three places observatories were or-
I dered to be erected.
Toronto  wus  chosen  as  tho     most
STEEL TRACK ROADS
EXPERIMENTING WITH THEM IN NEW
YORK CITY.
Hon These Hlahivaya ef Steel Ar*
Bulli und What Tbey Cost—Tbe Immense Sarinx In Haulage on Thl*
Style of Roadway.
The rural, commercial and industrial
interests of this country bave been so
much accustomed to depend upon canals and railroads to transport their
products to market that tbey huve habitually neglected tbe arteries over
which nearly all traffic originates—viz,
the common highway. Farmers und
other people living lu the country ure
more Interested than other citizens iu
tbe construction and maintenance of
good highways, yet until a few years
ugo tbey displayed obstinate antipathy
to belp any movement in favor of Improving tbe couutry's highways.
Tbe first systematic movement made
to Improve the country's highways wus
originated by bicyclists when that
form of amusement wub uu uclive living force, says a writer In the Automobile Magazine. The bicycle fantasy
bus passed, but It lias beeu succeeded
by even a stronger movement—thut of
automobiling—and the people Interested iu horseless carriages lire agitating
_   w.   ......j line       VIIIIOLII        It    ■ lilt' IIIU3L 111
suitable point in Canada, und King's | strenuously In favor of Improved high-
Slovr  Boy.
Ascum—And what profession ls your
son to follow?
Patet -1   don't kuow yet, but that's
about an he'll do, I guess.
Ascum—What?   How do you mean?
Hitter—n.'ii .... . . ,„„
He never seems able to cutcb up to
anything.-Philadelphia Press.
I0n«y For Him.
"I don't see," she said, "how you can
pursue u train of thought here In nil
this noise."
"Oh, I am an old commuter," he replied, "and put-suing trains has become
second nature to me."—Chicago ltec-
ord-Herald.
"PKODUf'E TIIAT MONET Oil I WON'T LEAVH
A   WHOLE HOSE IN VoDIi BODY."
plosive shell of my own Invention and
will be tested by the government inside or n fortnight We will suy the
situation is this: An enemy's tleet Is"—
'"i'o Texas with an enemy's fleet!"
Interrupted the man as he Hung his
arms around. "I want the cash for
tills bill—two and a half—nnd your
hocus pocus don't go."
"An enemy's fleet Is approaching our
shores with hostile intent," mused the
major as ho looked up nt the ceiling.
"It lias arrived within a distance ot
twenty-eight miles and is slowly
creeping in—six vessels in line—when
tbe Crofoot cannon is flrcd. and the
Crofoot shell goes whizzing through
the air. Five seconds later It falls
among the fleet. There Is a terrific explosion, followed by shrieks and groans
of despair, and six shattered men-of-
war, each manned with lino men, slowly disappear In the depths of the Atlantic, to be heard of never again. Not
a ship—not a man—escapes. My friend,
my conscience almost upbraids me for
having Invented such a thing."
"And you want me to go into it, of
course?" sarcastically queried tbe collector.
"The position of secretary of the
Crofoot warship exterminator has not
been filled yet, nnd ns the salary Is
$20,000 per year and you nre a trusty
man"—
"I,ook here, old man." snid the collector ns the major paused, "I have
come for ensh. I'll either hnve it or
give you such a lambasting Unit you'll
be In bed for a week. Don't hold me
here live minutes longer, or I'll break
loose."
"There was a time, aud not so very
long ngo, when I wns bind up. I found
it hard work to even pay tny laundry
bills. Certain people, and you nre one
of them, stood by me and hnd fnith in
my promises."
"Never! I nlwnys took you for a
deadbeat! Don't spring any guff of
that sort on me!"
"And it is such men I would like to
reward now that my sun of prosperity
has risen," continued tbe major in
even tones. "You may not know any-
thiug nbout explosives, but you can
learn, and under the circumstances"—
"Do you pay, or don't you?" shouted
the c Hector ns be seized the major
cout collar,
"Alv dear boy, It was settled long a>20
that I would i -tv,   i win at once write
viiii out n elie, . for twice the amount
and 1 hopo"-
"I want no checks."
"Then yon shall hnve the rendy cash.
I." you took the position of secretary, I
should expect you to report within a
week.  Can you do so?"
"I'm right here this minute. Cough
up that two nnd n half."
"If the position and snlnry of secretary 'ire not to your liking, then I
would suggest"— begun the major, but
he never finished the sentence. The
collector grabbed him and backed him
up  against  tbe  wall  and   "chugged"
Her Cruel  A: ither.
Ella—Mother doesn't want me to marry.
Stella—Does she say so?
Ella—No, but she tells everybody that
at my age sbe looked just as I do now.
—Town Topics.
Visitor—I s'pose when tbe elephant Is
disobedient you stick that hook Inta
him?
Keeper—Oh, no. We just put up the
sign, "Dou't feed the elephant peanuts."—Chicngo News.
fEASANT  FttOU FAMINE1 niSTiilCT, SWI'iOBN.
Krum ]...ml,ui: hy Alborl i  ::■;!<ul.
the iMth January from The London
Duily News correspondent at Gelli-
vere, North Swollen.
" 1 he most pitiiul conditions were
found ut every point visited," said
the correspondent, "Only the most
meager relief supplies which huve
temporarily ceased in certain districts, stand between tbs peasants
and starvation. Were tlie relief re-
soiiries lo slacken lor any considerable number oi days during tlio next
Bix months it is hard to conceive
how thousands of human beings and
iralllc should escape death fioni hunger. Even now they ore subsisting
on less than half the regulation rations of famine times.
"This description of tlio situation
Is based on personal Inspection of
typical districts, und is indorsed by
Hoc eminent officials,  pastors,  school
teuehers, Innkeepers and others In
hourly contract with the widespread
misery. At present tlie problem that
is given the relief authorities most
concern is the need for securing sui-
ficient seed grain—principally barley
—in order to enable the ruined farmers to sow new crops, Only u
small percentage is required. tSix
handled thousand bushels ure in
sigliL. if there is any Canadian
gruin grown fur enough north to
ripen in the Swedish altitudes     the
L.I,VCI IIUIL-lll.   Will    llll|JVi, v   	
The condition of the people in northern Sweden is beyond description.
The heavy trust and snowstorm
which eaino in August destroyed
then- crops. Then pestilence swept
over the liuul. All the game left il,
tho fish being driven out of tho rivers. The snow is deep, and it is
dillictilt to curry food to the. destitute. There is talk of the Swedish
Government making a bond issue by
which the farms may be restocked
and seed be purchased for the next
crop.
F. A. lJndstruiid, publisher of The
Swedish-American, gives some additional Information. lie says tho
people of the stricken area number
more than 70,000. Their small
farms have, been Stripped of stock.
Tlie section in which they live bus
been robbed of every article that
could be converted into food. The
suffering is Intense and widespread,
Then the work of the relief committee is ipade more difficult beenuse of
the large area through which the
farmerj are scattered. Relief must
be carried to them on sledges. Meantime they are slurring. They are au
honest, hard-working, deserving class
of people. No appeal ever wus nmde
for suffering thousands more in need
ol assistance or more worthy of it.
A general appeal lor relief has been
sent out by the Swedish National
Committee from Stockholm. This
committee was appointed b.v King
Osrtr to lake rhurgc of funds und
Superintend their distribution. Already SHO.nOO has lieen sent to this
committee b.v the Swedes in tlie cities of the United Slates, and the
genuineness of the need is seen in
these subscriptions by people comparatively poor themselves.
Governor Karl .1. Bergstrom of tho
College grunted  u  site.    In Septem-
I bet,   1340,   the  first magnets      weie
! suspended in a wooden structure, and
from then until 1892 constunt     and
careful      observations     of      diurnal
changes in magnetic declination and
dip were made, but In 1SP2 the mag-
nels weie ruined, ns were those     of
I other   observatories    In    Potsdam,
! Greenwich, Kew und Washington   by
I the advent of the trolley cur, the el-
| retro-magnetic force utilized being so
| strong ns to set up local attractions
| which destroyed tlie Influence of earth
magnetism.
ways, aud tlie Influence tbey •.■xercise
as a class promises to produce important results. All they need ls the
co-operation of farmers and others interested in hnviug good roads to haul
their produce over.
The Automobile Club of America has
inaugurated a movement which Is calculated to effect a revolution iu Inland
transportation if it meets with the support It deserves. A few mouths ugo
General Roy Stone, who haB made a
special study of roudmnklng, In an address before the  Automobile Club of
Prof     Stupart    then    dealt   with I America Btrongly advocated the use of
light,  noting that light exerts pres- i steei piuteB for making highways.   His
s proved by'the radiometer
lie gave a lengthy and lucid description of tho Aurora Boreuiis, and explained it according to the theory of
primordial matter, with which Ir,
Osborne Reynolds of Owen's College,
Manchester lately startled the scientific win Id,
Next Mr. Stupart touched on the
superheated steam theory of seismic
and volcanic disturbance, referring,
of course, to i'eleo.
The nd spot un Jupltor, the Nova
Perseii mill the desirability of in—
creasod metubership of the society
cull had a place In tho professor's
remarks.
JUMPING.
One of the Toriuit,  ai(,hr*» Host Sporting
.irtlfkltkN.
This form of sport, while not so
attractive to the spectator as running, is hecertlie ess a very important e.c.t on every ulhiitc program, wl,ether at tho big national
championships or the small Country
fuirs.
'ihere ls no doubt thut Jumping
would be more popular thnn it is
if provision were made so that every
s|ie tutor could get a good view    of
f^a!WJ$ra"^Htii«8#fi%AftKi
SontethlnK,  but Not  Sno-m.
Oh, you who will not shovel oft
The snow that's on your wiilk,
'Tis you to whom, a little while,
I'd hand a line of talk.
Hie place where, after t'nclr demise.
Such lazy men all go
There'll be some shoveling to do,
But not, alas, of snow.
—Bultimore American-
The Uarly Hint.
report     from       Washington
The
County. Mo., of a birds nest with
oggs in incubation, the first week in
January, is pretty good evidence of
the presence of the Canada jay rather further south than usual. The
nesting in this instance se.'ms to have
been about six to ten weeks earlier
than usual, though December and
January instances are not
enough to be surprising
hatched young of the Canada Jay
have been seen on March 8, and that
is about their ordinary season. The
4'Rnada jay is variously known ns
wiskojou Whiskey Jack, moose bird,
robber bird. It is a pretty hardy'
bird to nest and bring forth its
young In such winters as Maine has.
Time to Interfere.
"What are they arresting the mnn
for?"
"They caught him selling coal Id
short measure strawberry boxes."—
Cleveland Plain Dealer.
A
*<d2
TYPICAL LOU  CAB1.V, NOUT1II n.\ SWKOK.V.
From paintliiK br 0. Kjnoetiul.
piOVines of Norrbotlcn, North Sweden, in whl.h the majority of the
famine Sufferers reside, reported lo
the king that 1,000,0(10 kroner
would lie required to foed the destitute until they receive some support
from their own crops. This sum
about 81,080,000 in Canadian money, must all be received quickly to
provide thoni with food, and then it
will require them to collect the necessary stock and soed with which tc
supply their farm's for the approach:
New'y ring season.
Ono Chicago committee of the
poorer class of Swedes have forwarded a trainload of provisions already
Planning  Ahead.
Edith—Mertie says she Intends to
learn to skate this winter.
Marie—But she learned last winter.
Edith—Yes, but she broke her engagement to that fellow.—Judge.
and hangers-on standing around, thus
spoiling uny chance of seeing the
spoit. Dnill this is remedied I don't
think it will ever amount to much us
a drawing curd  nt nny  meet.
To be a good jumper i equine a
lot of hard work ami a Certain
amount of cat-lil'e spring. Not one
out of ten who go in for lumping
make anything like a success out of
it for the reason flint it is so bard
and violent un exorcise. let nny person go out some u.oning and try
the running broad Jump sever,il
times. They will find next day they
ure sore in every joint and no doubt
would not try it again for any
amount An athlete who follows
jumping must keep oontlnually iu
training, for if he does ni t he will
Hud he cannot do us good work when
it conies to a contest.
The events generally on n program aro the running broad Jump,
standing jump, running high, standing high und hop, step and jump,
the last one, I think, being the hard
est to get proficient at.
Of com 80 it is necessary to have
a good pair of jumping shoes, with
oak tan soles fitted with steel spikes,
six In front and two behind. They
should be made of oalfskln and lace
to tho toes.
•In practising for the standing jump
it is a good id<a to use weights at
first, say, about five pounds each,
toe the mark and swing the arms
several times, throwing the weights
behind you as you leave the mark.
You can gradually decrease tho
weights till you cun Jump without
them altogether. In making the
jump bring the knees well up toward
tho chin nnd do not drop them till
you have to. In this manner you
cover more ground. Ten feet is a
good jump. Also try and bring both
heels together. If one is six inches
ahead the judge is sure to mark the
back ono.
Tlio running broad and hop-step require thnt the athlete poiteSs some
sprinting ability, as It is necessary
to run a short way to get a good
send-off. There is no regular mark
for this event, the judge merely
marking from wtie-o you step off.
The standing high and running high
have no regular method to go by, as
any wny to get over the bur without
knocking it off counts, nnd I have
seen jumpers light on their hands
and sklis. On the whole, jumping is
a hard guino and requires a lot of
pluck and endurance.—Win. Devine,
St. Thomas, in Tho Globe.
New Ai-flitcolnj-lcjil \naiM,
Russia ban decided to found nn
nrchueloiri'nl museum in Sevn,; tnpol.
The building is to be erected In the
style of nn old Christian ba'ri'l a and
to he arranged for three apartments,
one devoted lo the Greek, one to the
United St,,:,. OnUnariana.
Mr. Simon, addressing the Hundred Year (Tub in New York, cited
figures furnished by the United
States Census Bureau recording 3,-
485 centenarians, including eighty-
six of upwards of .120 yeurs old nnd
fifteen upwards of l.'IO. The oldest
white AmeiLcan is (120, and there are
an Indian of 150 and a negro of 145,
The oldest woman is a Degress aged
In   Rrliienec.
Knlcker—Did she display presence of
mind when the mouse appeared?
Booker—No; nbsei.ce of silk stockings.— Philadelphia Ledger,
Bonuin ei
rt  n   ll iid  to  Ihe
I'y. antine
pi rikkil.    '
.•ul in  I.  1
le- v hole  pruv t
in    the    manor
hns   been
l". nt      of
tinr d   1.
l •- Alexander Mir
iniJov ill h
arguments were so convincing that
Mr. ChurleB M. Schwab, president of
the United States Steel corporation, offered to provide at his own expense
steel sufficient to lay a mile of the
roadway recommended by General
Stone. Oue block of that steel bus
been laid in Murray Btreet, New York,
a street noted for its heavy traffic, und
tests of the road were recently mude.
The results were a remarkable demonstration of the vulue of the system.
It wus found by actual experiment
thut a tractive force ISO per cent greater was required to draw a load upon
tbe rough stone pavement than upon
the track or thnt, taking tlie power ncc-
cssury to draw tlie loud upon the pave-
ment ns the standard, exactly 37'A por
cent of it was saved hy using the rails.
In starting the load the advantage in
favor of the rails was even greater, ns
but one-half or one-third of the usual
force was required,
The steel rails used In bulldlug these
highways arc forty feet in length and
n foot In width. The upper surface is
uot polished. It ls a rough finish, hut
not corrugated nor especially rough*
eued In uny way. The section of the
rails is like thnt of nu ordinary channel  bur, tne tiuiiei, ........ ,.--.i„no H,
either side being nbout one und n half
Inches iu depth. Course broken stone
laid In a trench ubout fifteen Inches
deep and of the snme width constitutes
the bed upon which the rails rest A
drain tile atjbe outer edge of tbe
torn of euch trench Insures stiffi 'ec
drainage,
On top of the broken Btone n layer
of gravel or very fine stone and stone
dust ls laid, lu which the rails Imbed
themselves firmly. Joltits, consisting
of (Jut plates of steel riveted lo euch
rail under the wide tread nnd heavy
fish plates, boiled to the turned down
portions of tlio mils on euch side, afford u continuous and smooth surface.
To prevent spreading of the rails there
are Inserted in the rondbed nt Intervals
sleel ties bent so us to clasp the rails
and hold them securely in place.
Every person fumillar with teaming
is a ware of tlie groat reduction of Wheel
resistance that results from the wheels
of a wagon being run on the plates attached to street car rails. If tbe day
ever comes that the country roads are
laid with steel runways, the saving to
people who have to haul freight over
the roads will be Immense. Experiments made by engineers of high reputation have shown that a horse can
haul on un iron or steel track fifty-four
times the loud It can haul in sand, thirty-six times us much as on mi earth
road, thlrty-threo times ns much as on
a stone trackway, twenty-live times as
much ns on a plank road lu good order
and nine times us much as ou a good
macadam rond. Most of the roads that
farmers have to liiitil their produce over
are earth ronds, so the change to steel
would Increase tbe hnuluge eighteen
times. The introduction of such an improvement ought to draw the cordial
co-operation of every person who wishes
to see our agricultural communities
prospering as tl ey should prosper.
General Stone says that this style of
roadway can be laid down for about
$1,000 a mile and that tills character of
road ls as practicable for country ns
city use and thnt tbe cost would be no
more thnn for ordinary stone roads.
THE  LONDON
rr.R.
the
Petrolenm For Rond Protection.
The vast amount uf damage that hns
been done to ronds in tlie east and central states by tbe heavy rains Inst summer calls attention rather forcibly to
the great effect thut petroleum has hud
on the California roads In preventing
the washing of gullies across the ronds.
The mutter Is worthy of Investigation.
A   Prnpoanl.
"Dear  me!    Bui   we're  supposed to
nave reached the nge of discretion."
"Ou   the contrary,   we've  passed It,
'« ven r-New York Life.
tbunk lu
The Se I list, nore.
The most unnoj lag bore we know,
Who angers us as few do,
Is he who when you tell how low
Your spirits are proceeds to show
He's feeling worse than you do.
Los,,   of   Height.
A person usually begins to lose heigtit
at the age of fifty, and at the age of
ninety has lost nt least one and a hnlf
Inches.
The Government and Good Ronds.
As long as the government is committed to Internal improvement It could
spend Its money In no way inir;1 lien
Oclnl to tlie greatest milliter limn I:
giving us good ronds.—Kxlrect I'rom i
Sliced! by Hon. C. A. Bin nn n.
A Dllty of Content.
Sing u son? of linpplness
To delight tlie soul;
Beef upon the table and
A cellar full of coat
li.-iri!   Luck   Stori.--   Thai   Tjkc
I'lmee   01   OPO»   "- ■?-.', •:-.
The plaiu und open tapster who accosts you iu the street purely to beg
may generally be known li) an amazing overpoliteness iu opening the conversation. He is tbe only person I
know who begs pardon for taking the
liberty of speaking to you, and by tills
sign you shall know him. They all begin by begging pardon for taking tbis
not so very rare liberty, but only the
duffers go on straightway to tup. Tbe
proficient tapsters approach the tap
sideways, so to speak. Something like
this, with a quick touch of the hat
brim:
"Beg. pardon, sir, I'm sure I 'umlily
beg your pardon for takin' tlie great
liberty of speukin' to you lu a public
thoroughfare like this, which 1 am
quite aware It is a great liberty, sir,
though trusttn' you will kindly pardon
the great liberty of a pore, 'u.dworkin'
man, sir, in takin' the great liberty of
sskln'if this street ls the 'Ayniarket.
sir?" (Or the wuy to the Strand or the
day of tbe month, or something.)
You answer the question, but you
dou't stop the stream of apologetics
"Thank you, kindly, sir," pursues the
tapster, pouring out tlie words, "thank
you kindly, sir. If you'll SO Tur pardon
tlie liberty of n pore, 'itrihvorkln' unin.
sir. In nskin' the question, which unfortunately I was forced to take the
great liberty, sir, through beiif out o'
work eighteen months an' uothink to
eat since lust Tuesday fortnight, sir,
upon my word of honor, which notblnk
but the cries for bread of fourteen
young children In arms would prevail
on tne. sir—so Igstreme kind ns you've
bin to me, sir, which I shall never forget—to hike the very great liberty, sir,
in n public thoroughfare, of ostein*
which is the nearest work'ouseV"
If once more yon give hlin Information Instead of coppers, you only provoke another speech of tlie same sort,
for he can go on like thnt for a deal
longer than you want to listen. It is
only in the extreme that bo will directly ask for money, though I fancy that
it is merely caution thnt marks bis
guarded way, as they say In the lyric,
for if accused of begging by some
watchful policeman ho cun always
plead that he was only asking a harmless question. Aud tlie questions nre
endless In variety, I give my solemn
word that I wits once buttonholed by
one of these seedy tapsters with the
apologetic request Hint I would tell
him tlie number of stars on the national Hag of the United Slates! This
is a simple fact.—Leonard Larkln in
tbe Strand.
The Title of "Mrs."
The title Mrs. wns In olden time applied to unmarried ns well ns to married women and to young as well as
old. Sir Walter Scott spoke of .loiin-
nu (unmarried) ns Mrs. .loiinnn Biilllle.
Although it wus not perhaps so universal to address quite young children as
It was those over Iwenly-one b.v the
title of Mrs., yet It wns frequently
done. The most ludicrous example of
this occurs lu tbe register of burials
for the parish of St. Margaret, West-
uitumcn   TL. l.„,.l..l „,   \|lll„„k„ s,„.ond
wife und that of bis infant daughter,
named after her. who died at the aue
of five months,  are both  recorded  In
that register,   th imc In each case
iiciug entered ns "Mrs. Knlberln Milton." without any mark of distinction
save tlie letter "C" for "child," after
the second name. Even in the reign of
George II.. as we read in "Pope's Letters," unmarried ladies used to be
styled Mrs.
Wonderful   liiaoct   Vitality.
It is a standing puz:',!o to Ibe entomologists how frail little Insects of tlie
mosquito and butterfly order can brave
the cold of uu arc lie winter und yet retain their Vitality, The larva of the
milkweed bUlterUy has been exposed
lo an artificial blast H8 degrees below
zero. Tnken out of range of thin artificial blizzard and gradually "thawed
out" this same worm was able to creep
In less than half an hour uflorward.
Butterflies have been found Hilling joyously about In the highest latitude man
has ever penetrated, nud the mosquitoes of Alaskn aud Greenland ure
known to be the healthiest specimens
of that race of little pests.
EliKiiU'cmeiit   Rlngn.
The custom of giving engagement
rings ranks bnck to long before the
Christian era. With Ihe ancient Egyptians engagement rings were always
of iron, to indicate tlie mutual sacrifice of liberty of tbe contracting parties.
One of the very earliest adornments
of betrothal rings was n iondslone,
which symbolized the attractive force
Which drew a ma Idea from her own
family circle Into Hint of her husband.
It ls believed thnt (he fourth finger
has alwuys been the bride's ring finger.
■lard lo  I'nrl  Wllh.
The mnn nt our boarding house hns
the remains of a once prosperous
pocket comb, from which the teeth
have long since Ued.
"Why," we usk him, "do you carry
that thing around with you—thut
worthless old combV"
And he replies:
"Well, I enn't part with it."
The  Fronted  Hand.
"Yes. and nrter she refused me she
waved her hand iu farewell,"
"Sort   of   colli    wave,   wasn't   it."
Down ou Touncco.
Ella-Fred kissed me last night, and
I know he hud been using tobacco.
Stella—No mnn ran kiss me who n *
a smoking compartment in his face.-) their aldi" They get't'oo'much as it Is
A lluala For Mortal Sneeens,
Mr. Blank—I wns rather amused to
hear the children gossiping ubout their
little playmates.
Mrs. Blank—The little denrs! If they
only keep on, how they will shine in
polite society when they grow up!
Ideas generate Ideas, like a potato,
which cut In pieces reproduces itself In
a multiplied form.
Twenly-flve Floors.
Knlcker—George Washington would
have been completely lost in one of our
modern skyscrapers.
Bocker—Yes, he couldn't tell a story,
—New York Herald.
BY SIMPLY KNOWING
LIFE MAY BE SAVED   IN   MANY CASES
OF ACCIDENT.'
lint Aid in '.neb Ltk-nli-Jtut VI hat to
Do While Awaiting tha Xluetor'a Coming— I'o Check u Flow of ltlood—Kan-
dugiug of Liuibi-the sufli-ier From a
Lit—'treatment of I>og liite.
• In the case of an ordinary accident
what is the most effective aid which
can be rendered by an ordinaly person with ordinary uppliarues?
The question cannot be too often
repeated. Tin- judgment of nonprofessional persons In each mutters
is li..e!y to be unscientific, uud popular advice is more or less misleading, in tlie army and nu\ v and on
our ruiirouds men are regularly educated to maJkie the best sis emergencies of Hie appliances at bund.
With our railroads and car lines
and tlie machinery so plentiful everywhere, accidents of one sort and
another at* common. Tbe most
alarming cusus to tlie luyman iu
such mutters—cerlulnly those which
arouse most conoerir—are those causing a How of blood The sight of
blood is of Itself ghastly, and the
How, if profuse, is likely to cause
deuth in a few minutes. Mishups
Which Cause loss of blood are more
likely to occur than any irther class
ol  accident.
The general advice for such emergencies to stop the bleeding is familiar. There are two ways of checking
the How of blood—by direct pressure
of finger or thumb on the open vein
or artery or by means of a pud and
a firm bandage over tho entire
wound
Tlio treatment depends upon the location of the injury and its seriousness. In bandaging a limb the pressure should, of course, be applied at
a point between the heart and the
wound. The simplest plan ls usually
to place a snugly applied bandage
between the points.
if the wound, for example, bo hi
the hand the constriction should bo
applied at tho wrist or somewhere
around the urm above tho cibtw.
Tlio philosophy of such treatment is
very simple. The heart pumps tho
blood, and the pressure merely shuts
oil the current.
To restore a fainting person first
lay the body lu un easy position on
the buck and loosen all tho clothing
about trio neck, chest nnd waist.
Llive him plenty of air and ''eep him
as quiet as possible. The praitice
of dashing cold water in the face is
an excellent one, as it tends to ix-
cito respiration. Tlio same effect Is
sumei im,...; produced by gently slapping the front of the cheat, or by
applying smcliiiiig sails to the nose,
if more treatment is required tlio
physician Is the only one who enn
safely apply it.
A similar treatment should be followed in tlio cuie of one suffering
from a fit.' It is a nristukc to chufo
the hands of the unconscious victim.
The custom of forcing salt down an
epileptic's throut is u mistaken kindness.
Tlie lies'- tiling to do is to mnko
him as easy and comfortable as possible and leave him to work out his
lit alone. An epileptic, notwithstanding his apparent suffering, is
always  unconscious    during the    nt-
luuk. The nutiirnl sleep which follows Is the best possible restorative.
Tbe best treulineiit for a dog bile
Is to control tbo circulation In the
afeleil pak t. It is quite safe, for
example, to suet; the wound if it bo
done immediately. The more freely
the wound bloods. If there bo uny
poison in It, the bettor. The Indians, when bitten by snakes, it will
be remembered, plunge the affo til
part In running wuter to muue it
I.I 'ed ua freely  us possible.
The wound should be Cauterized,
but nnlil this can be done by an
export hand it Is well to make every
elToi t to elealiso it.
The bite of u rattlesnake, which is
the moit venomois wo aro likely to
receive in this latitude, should le
treated in a similar way. First get
rid of tlio poison If possible. It is
well to pluce a llgntuie about the
arm or leg, above the bito, until the
latter can Le cauterized.
The stings of bees, hornets nnd
similur insects aie- scurceiy seifous
enough to cull for more than passing
attention. At worst the pain ia
likoly to pass off In a few minutes.
The old fashioned plan of applying
a poultice of mud to the wound is
evidently bused on the tn.licaciors to
exclude air nnd quel tie part.
A light wash of ummonia or soda
will give almost Immediate relief
To tlie Fallen lti-avu.
The monument in tho form of a
Celtic cross erected on tho hill at
Mngersfontein overlooking the spot
where the Highland Lrl^ilde,     under
She Fills the Dill.
His wife insists on lots of "dough"
To please her c\ery whim,
But he has wealth to burn, and so
She's Just the match for him.
Wanted It All.
Victim-Help!  Help!  Police! PoHcel
Highwaymnu-Ttit, tut!  I don't need
. HIGHLAND  BBIGAUK MONUMENT.
General Wauchope, was decimated by
i ho Boer riflemen, who, concealed in
shelter pita and behind rocks, shot
down the Highlanders entangled
milling barbed wire und unable to
force their way through it.
Rapid Coaling.
Good as is the coaling record of H.
M. S. Terrible, it is quite eclipsed hy
Hie i orfirmnnce of the Empress ol
CMna. She took on board 1,210
toes of bunker coal in the remarkably quick time of three and one-half
hcurs, the q.uickest on record In Nagasaki and, we believe, the quickest
,n record for the world.	
Afterthonn-hta.
"It frequently occurs," said tbe member of congress, "thnt the most important pmt of a woman's letter Is the
postscript."
"Yes," nnswered his wife, "and I
bave been informed thnt quite frequently the most Important thing
about a bill ls the amendment."—Washington Star.
On the Shore.
"How sweet It.would be to live alone
with you In yonder lighthouse!" he
whispered tenderly.
"Yes," she murmured, abstractedly,
"and do  light  housekeeping."
^1
c
Xi ALASK   X BOUNDARY
MAP THAT SHOWS CLEARLY THE
CANADIAN-AMERICAN   DISPUTE.
The Point ttt lotus —No E nib* nuking
Condition* Imputed by tiio Tieuty
Signed by SecretMry Hay ami Sir Michael Herbert, tlie British Ambuanador
-What Mr. Ihoraaa liodtfiua, K.C.,
hntii ou Receipt of tba News.
The accompanying map shuvvs the
tenituiy in dispute between1 Canada
■ tth'l the Uiiitfd .Stales. J'Jiu numeral* (11 tF {'2 > iiiwl (o) aliove Lynn
CiuuU indicute the pru\ Lsiuiiul boundary points utTunget. betwetu tlie
United .Stale* und Croat Britain in
October, 189tf, which is the boundary now observed. Thin provisional
boutiditi'y is about twenty miles from
tidewater, and bars ','anuda's territorial rights along the upper shores
of Lynn Cuiml. The map very eiVar-
ly illustrates the point at issue between the two count!ies, the method
of measuring' the ten marine leagues
inland from the shoie. The British
contention is that, in accordance
v.'Ui the usage of International law,
tin; line should cut across buys uud
lnk'tn such us the Lynn Canal. The
Americans, on the other hand, claim
that the line should follow these indentations of the coast the full ten
lo. (v cm hack, 'ihe deepatchoa flrHt
puLlIshed on the news of tho treaty
ha\ing been signed on the 21th .January, stated that Skaguuy and I'yea
THK  ALASKA    BOtKDAKY.
were expressly excluded from the pro-
sent reference, but later Wir Wilfrid
Laurlor stated tjiat tho whole question, including tho possession of
these tidewater settlements, is included in the reference. The map is
reproduced from Mr. Thomas Hod-
gin.i' pamphlet, "The Alaska-Canada Boundary Dispute."
Mr. Thomas llodgins, K.C., tho
author of the brochure mentioned,
says:
"The questions to be considered
and adjudicated upon by this new
arbitral tribunal are purely legal
questions which It is contended by
both nations have been wUl-roltlod
by the rules of international law.
These questions involve tl.o interpre-
tat ion to be given to the treaty
words 'ocean,' 'coast' and 'summit nf
tho mountains.' And it wotdd seem
to be a reasonable inference from
the cluim recently promulgated by
fl'lr. Kx-Secretiiiy Foster, ono of tho
llligh Conunissionpis of the United
States, in whHi l.e contended that
'Russia was to have a continuous
■trip of territory around all the inlets and arms ol the sou,' that tho
rules of international law respecting
the shore lino in front of such inlets
did not come up for discussion before the .Joint High Commission.
"ttul this important question, and
mnry others affecting the claims of
prltain and Canada, ne to the proper rules for running the Alaska
boundary lines, were discussed in my
short article on' the 'Aluska-Canada
BbuMftt-y Dispute*' published in The
Conteiir^rnry Review last summer,
in which I gave the history of the
discussions, and a careful analysis
of the treaty; and supported tho Canadian claim of boundary by the
rules and doctrines of international
law enunciated by American authorities and Secretaries of State.
"Credit must also be given to Sir
Michael Herbert, the present British
Ambassador, for it was he who negotiated the treaty convention Ol
18»2, which it is claimed freed tho
discussiorT of the American contention, that Canada and England luid
stood by while tho United Stales
wore settling the territory, aud hnd
never made any serious effort towards a permanent boundary settlement."
• Id liltifii.t.
It is pointed out in T. P.'s Weekly
that 00 per cent, of all chilblains
aro duo to avoidable cold In the extremities. With a few exceptions, no
man who consistently keeps his
ilmhs warm can possibly aufior from
this exasperating ailment. Some
people think that chilblains are
Caused by violent changes from a
cold atmosjxhore to a warm one, and
they will advise the sufferer never to
go near a hot fire. This is wrong.
The c a''o four principal causes of
chilblnins—oold bedrooms, cold beds,
damp boots and thin gloves.—London Globe-
A Baft oiler.
"What's the price of choose?"
"'Fifteen cents per pound."
"But.tho fellow opposite sells     it
for 10."
"Then go and buy it there."
"But he hasn't got any.*^.
"Well,   then,     the kind of cheese 1
haven't got you can have here at 10
cents a pound also."
Nittlce.
Editorial Notice (In magazine of
the near future)—Owing to the press
of advertising matter the literary
fentires have boon omitted for this
month.—Smart Set.	
Tlie   I.««t   Straw.
"Well, whnt do you wnnt now?" queried old Growells ns the insurance solicitor entered bis office. "You have
bullied me Into insuring ray life, my
store and the title to my real estate.
What Is there left to insurer'
"I just dropped In," calmly replied
the man with the adamantine cheek,
"to see if you would like to insure your
insurance policies."—Chicago News.
liniment.
First Actor—I am having a new suit
of clothes ftindo.
Krcnml Aolor-I Mil driving fl pair of
soel.H--uit! -Indinnnpolis News.
UNCLE   EL1S   FABLES.
[Copyright. BR, b* C r; I ■
Tlie Sage w.-i.-i -ining under u blue
gum tree une Say, reflecting on tlie benefits to be derived from sdversltjr,
when a young man appeared before
him ant] said:
"0 man of wisdom, I have come
many miles to speak with thee and
crave advice. My name Is Jones, und 1
am Cashier of the Seventy-second National bank."
"And what's your trouble. Jones?"
asked the Sage.
"It is this: I handle large sums of
money and fear that the temptation
will Boiue day prove too great for me."
"But you must withstand it."
"I have tried. O Sage-I have tried
my beat."
"But you must keep on trying."
"Alas, but it ia useless. I have already succumbed."
"What? Thou art a thief?" exclaimed the Sage.
"I don't exactly know, and that's
why I have come to you. If I stole
$5,000, I'd be a thief, wouldn't I?"
"You surely would, and despised by
all men."
"But if the sum was $100,000, o man
of profundity?"
"You don't menu that you got uway
with any such boodle Bl that?"
"It ls here. Am I n thief or not?"
"Of course not—not by a long shot.
You are simply u Cashier who has gone
wrong, and your tip Is (o settle with
the bank for half the amount of the
stolen funds. You can leave a package
of $5,000 for me on this shelf while I
wander forth and reason ou man's Inhumanity to man, and anything I can
do for you after you get to Canada will
be cheerfully done' without extra
charge."
Moral.—The difference between tvvce-
dledee und tweedledum has kept many
a man out of Jail. M. QUAD.
Sketch   «kf   ( U..U !:,'„    i,r;, .:,     ......,„,-  «.|
., '• ii- '   "  l Vk-nik .
Mr.  Willi m John Gerald,    Deputy
Minister of Inland 1.,-vcie e, K'&( born
at l'les'-ott on July 27, 1850 Ik-
was educated ul .' t. Joaeph's College, St. Lament, Montreal, and entered the ci-.il ser i.c on April 4,
1867. On Januaiy 1, 1880, he was
appointed collector of tbe Branli'ord
division, Jnh-nd Rc-enue Deport,*
ment, and the followi. ^ year he'ainc
collector of tbe London division. On
Dominion Day, 1883, Mr. Gerald was
Thoae Who Itcml  \ovela.
"But," we object, speaking to tlie author who has written a historical novel, "these historical data are absolutely
wrong. Why. It's ridiculous to have
George Washington lighting three
duels, fighting battles: he was never In,
etc."   -
"I kuow 1 took some liberties with
George and history," the author says
naively, "but what's the difference?
He'll never know, nnd It won't hurt his
feelings."
"But tho people who read your book?'
we again object.
"Surely you know that people who
read historical novels know nothing
of history!" he exclaims In just scorn.
—Baltimore Ilerald.
Mil.  ttU.  .'■  OKUALII.
appointed Inspector of Tobacco Factories. On February 7 be was trans-
fen ed to Ottawa, us ussiMiutt to
Mr, Miall, tlio then Commissioner of
Inland Revenue, In l'.Ol. upon Mr.
.Miall's reliremei.t, tl-e otlice of commissioner wus abollf od, nnd Mr.
flerald euceeeded to the position of
Heputy Mini-ter. His promotion to
Ibis position marked a deviation
'rom a well-understood practice.
Heretofore the procedure bad been,
when a vacancy occurred In the
otlice of deputy head, to appoint a
supporter of the Government, seeing
tliftt the duties involve more or less
confidential relations with the Minister to whom the ilepnitnient is entrusted. This wns not done in the
rase of the Inland Revenue Hepart-
inent. and Mr. Gerald accordingly
p;ot tbe beneiit of promotion. The
fuel formed the subject of much discussion at a caucus of Parliamentary
followers of the Government.
CIIOWN PRINCE OF SWEDEN.
WllO lit* Just   Heeil  Mllde B«f«nt During-
ihi' ivina'ri Illneaa,
Prince Gustnf of Sweden, who has
been;made regent of Sweden during
the illness of King Oscar, which, Instead of yielding to treatment, seems
to dispose the King to continued inaction,   is the eldest    son  of    Oscar
Hi,jut  Fatla.
"The papers say that Queen Alexandra's hobby Is clocks."
"Yes, aud I noticed tbe other day
tbat one of her royal sisters is very
fond of flue poultry."
"Well, I fancy it requires a much
higher degree of Intelligence to set a
hen than lo set a clock."—Cleveland
Plain Denier.
'Ere Ih Whut Queered lllm.
Wantanno—What queered De Wruy-
ter and Miss Rocks?
Diiziio—In writing an.ode to her he
used the expression "dainty, shell-like
ears," nud the printers became mysti-
fled over De Wruyter's horrible chirog-
raphy and made it "dirty, shawl-like
ears."—Baltimore American.
On the Way.
"How does you like de new preacher?" asked Mr. Krnstus Pinkley.
"Very much," answered Miss Miami
Brown. "He's got a good staht. He
knows a heap o' words, nn' Jes' as soon
as he gits 'em arranged In de proper
order he'll hah a mighty line sermon."
—Washington Star.
Julia cm!  (lie  Old  Man.
"I never see John these days. Where
Is he now ?"
"He's off sotnewlieres n-learnln' of
Latin and Greek."
"And what's the old man doing?"
"Splittin' rails In dialect for to pay
John's bills."—Atlanta Constitution.
Now  Advanced.
Nell—Mrs. Ritteuhouse Squeer says
her husband wns a perfect nobody
when she married blm.
Belle—And now?
Nell—Oh, now he Is Mrs. Rlltenhouse
Squeer's husband. — Philadelphia Record. —
The  Ointment  of  the Gleet.
"People In polite society do not use
hair oil," remarked tbe eastern man to
his guest  '
"I know that," answered the Texan.
"The out and out proper thing nowadays Is petroleum."—Brooklyn Life.
Literary Alchemy.
"Ruyter is not nn nuthorr He's a
born chemist."
"Why so?"
"Every novel he writes becomes a
drug on the market."—Knoxvlllc Sentinel. 	
Chivalry.
litTSTAI', CIIOWN P .!   CE IT SWF.nUN'.
and the beir apparent to the throne.
Prince Gustaf was born in 1858 and
In 1881 married Princess Victoria,
daughter of tbe Grand lluke of Baden, lie is said to possess a rather
stern personality, His son, Pr.ince
Gustaf, heir presumptive, will be 21
in  June.
1 h ■ Painter Prince III.
Prince Kugen of Sweden, who is reported as being seriously ill in
Stockholm, is tho youngest son of
King OflCor, and one of tbe most
talented of the talented royal family
of Sweden. His work as a painter
is said to have elicited high praise
from some of tlie best and at all
events unprejudiced critics of Europe.
Prince Eugcn was born in 1801 and
is unmarried, l.ii-e bis father, he is
an easy-going democrat, who thinks
more highly of talent or genius than
he does of rank.
"Kin I offer you me I
"But It Isn't ruining'
"I'm awfully perry. I:
me a quarter fer Hit' t
-Son Francisco : •   i
liidj-r*
About the  lluinnn Hotly.
Some statistician has been contributing his studies of the human body
to a l-Yench journal. In its normal
Condition, he says, the human body
contains enough iron to make seven
large-sized nails, sufficient fat^for the
supply- of 13 pounds of candies, enough carbon to make 05 gross of
lead pencils nnd enough phosphorus
for over 8,000 wax vestas. Or, reduced to another state, the earae
man possesses tho possibilities of
supply of 08 cubic metres of gas and
sufficient hydrogen to inflate a balloon of a carrying power, of 150
pounds.
London's (fhlr.u  Art Club.
"The Langham" is the colloquial
abbreviation of tbe Artists' Society
and Langham Sketching club. It is
thu oldest working art society in
London and as a club is unique.
Apart from' its history, dating back
to the early part _.f the last century, and tho influence exercised by
Its members in the art world ofyis-
torday and to-day, it is the one institution in the metropolis which affords the best glimpse of all that is
fittest to survive of our old time ur-
tistic Bohemia.
The Artists' society was founded
toward- 1b.e end of 1880, although
the earliest list of signatures to the
rules of tho society is dated 18111.
Its meetings were held at that time
with >J. Prescolt Knight, R. A., as
the ruling spirit, in Gray's Inn
Mews, but in dune, 1835, the society moved to 20 Clipstone street,
Portland place, and at this habitat
In 1838 was inaugurated the Lung-
ham Sketching Club.
MAN'S COMING FASHIONS.
Ihe    t'orr«Tt    Styles    m»    Ootlimd    hy    a
( (lampion   Cult* r
The most prominent characterisi if-s
of garments that will be fashionable
dining the seuSon about t,t begin are
as follows, says U !' Sherman,
(haujji^n cutter and president ofthe
National Cutters'  Association,
The lounge or sack suit of the two
buttoi. double breasted variety so
popular the last two seasons will
not be worn by fashionable dressers.
The three and four button single
bie.sfed sack, with ils former sudden cutaway effect, is relegated to
the rear. In their place we will
have a three button double hreasted
lining • coat anil a four button single breasted sack, with the bottoms
of front slightly rounded Vests with
th« se fults will be Invariably single
breasted, no collar, and Jong front
dip.
On trousers for business suits it
reevrm utterly impossible for any
number of tailors to agree. I r<-
conunended a style und cut which
met with great favor among ibesar-
tivi.il luminaries attending the rtv
cent Convention—Viz., a roomy full
thigh, a gradual but distinct narrower effect nt knee, Witb not too
pegtop a bottom, and I predict the
adoption, of this style among the
best  trades.
Koi- general business wuar during
the afternoon the three button
■lightly cutaway frock in dark mixtures for coat and vest and a fancy
Scot h trousering is again to the
fore. The curve of waist seem is
something absolutely new, giving the
wearer a .'lender appearance al the
waist line and the broad full breast
so greatly desired.
The Tuxedo will have a lower roll,
shawl collar, square cut at bottom.
■M list we also have a fancy vesting
to wear with this much abused garment . A sky blue, corn or equally
modest shade of Bilk, cut singlo
breasted with long, nharp points.
made either three or four button,
will be correct.
Making Bogun Meteorite*.
Genuine meteorites are curiosities
highly prized by museums and scientific collectors. Professor St. Meun-
icr of the Natural History museum
of Berlin paid" as much us $5 per
gram for a meteorite. It is therefore conceivable that sharp practices
should be resorted to by dealers in
scientific curiosities. A band of meteorite counterfeiters was recently captured and considerable evidence obtained of very curious and ingenious
methods cf deceiving the gullible collector. The members of this band
were Corsicans. It was their practice to obtain natural nick resembling meteorites as closely as possible and then to burn them In order to produce the black crust which
is one of the earmarks of every genuine meteorite. The pieces of rock
were coated with lampblack dissolved in molten sulphur, It seems,
however, that this method waa so
crude that the deception was easily
discovered, and the men were forthwith arrested.
THE   INDIAN   RUNNER  DUCK. ^
Ivnu,- of ill*- btroutf rdnlti uf 11 . i
l.t-cuoi-ii of ti..- iik..;. Family,
Tlif Iudiiiii runner dock is what
I uiiKlit be called tn all arunnil practical
I duck. The general makeup of ilit-ae
) ducks seeing to be unlike luauy others,
I Inasmuch as they have so many uoiuts
; In their favor.
First, the color and plumage are very
attractive, being of a fawn color mixed
with white, the drakes having a steel
i blue cap, with a distinct white line run
: nlng from the t-y,- around the back of
: the head to the eye opposite, the pure !
; white neck, the   fawn   colored  breast
j and  buck, tnperliik. off with  while in
| wing (lights and tail.   They are strong
and erect, alert iu every  motion  uml
very hardy.
Second, their laying qualities are such
that they have been called and are
known today as the Leghorn of the
duck family. Oue breeder claims for
one Individual duck a record of 192
i'-jhs per year.
It Is very fascinating for one to collect eggs from these ducks after once
sinning to lay, nnd they generally start
in with me In February. It Is a common occurrence to bring in just ai
many eggs as there ure ducks.
Third, as a market duck they grow
very rapidly, and while they consume
much less food In proportion than the
I'ekln, at ten weckB old will dress ten
pounds to the pair, aud lu comparing
the pair I find the runner smaller
boned, hut heavier meated.
Success with these ducks, ilke everything else, depends solely on feed nnd
care. Iu the center of an acre lot adjoining my place la n pond fed by
springs about a hundred feet across.
On the shore of this pond Is my duck-
house, where the ducks are wintered.
In the breeding season I select my
breeders, putting one drake with every
five ducks, and as soon as the Ice Is out
of the pond the ducks are allowed the
use of It through the day. but ure called
into their house for supper at night,
thus making It easy to collect the eggs
In ihe morning.
One of the most essential things iu
raising ducks Is that they have dry
quarters to sleep In and pure air to
breathe. Little attention need be given
to making tight houses as long ns they
are kept dry at night. They will stand
some very cold weather. For their bedding I use plenty of lawn clippings and
clover hay, and It is surprising to see
how much a flock of fifty will consume
through the winter.—Walter B. Delano
In American Poultry Journal.
THE JAPANESE WOMAN.
lllrllkpliukH of Trunin.
Vlonna Is called the birthplace of
the trusts. They lirst. aiuv the light
there in 1873, and cartels regulating
production, restricting competition
a lift governing prl es now exist in
steel rails, iron, petroleum, sugar,
alcohol, plate glass, glassware, paper, boots and shoes and textile
fabrics A comprehensive Iron and
itccl trust covering the entire Em-
pie bus lntely been formed. Even In
the production of honey a cartel obtains, and on o ca'don the busy
mountain bee is practically put upon
short hoi'rs. 	
l^:.|.usii,|k,   tlit>   !»„/:.
"Mndtliii. your fierce dog here bit me
im i a nVi lui'iii ugli."
"My dog'/ Impossible,! That dog
wouldn't litirm a ilea."
"IV.-luipH lie d:iln'l know I had nny,
tiia'.:m " - t'ii'vi l.i'itl l'ljiiu liealcr.
They  Went to l>rc«a.
'Muy I prim ti kiss on your Ups?" I said,
And she iK'klki ki h.-r hivi-ci permission.
So we \v,nt 10 press. ;.a,l I ralhkT giies.8
We printed a full cklltto'n.
All Deserted.
Tl    ■ say I ■• '1 scrik.-rt ihe singe;
•   ' vi turn ... .in )■ , per anil (It
A'liliiublii I'ullitluc'ri   Dnikni.
The celebrated picture of the Cru-
cifiction, by Kignor Anglln, on the
ceiling of tho Unman Catholic' Church
of   <2*      -\f~-i.,   Wo«.-K<klkI«,    Kbj   l»k.-eil  OO-
molishcd by builders' men.
This great work of art, which, says
The City Press, has been variously
estimated as woreh bel ween £10,000
and £20,000, was painted on lath
and plaster, and could not be removed bodily from the church. The painting was 50ft. by 30ft., and contained several hundred figures, and waa
circular in form and lighted by a
dome above.
Although a handsome reward wns
offered no one volunteered to bodily
remove the painting, and, with the
exception of some of the heads, it
has now been demolished with other
parts of the church.	
A Premature Monument.
Lust spring with much ceremony
the city of Armagh erected a fine
$025 monument on tlie most commanding site in the cemetery in honor of tho memory of Hugh Carbeiry,
who died in South Africa fighting
against the British. He was supposed to have been killed at Moder-
spruit in 1899. Michael Davitt unveiled the monument. Now Mr.
Carberry has written to his friends
In Armagh asking them if they cannot turn the monument into money
and send It to him, as ho is very
badly in need of cash.
Tha Knowing Brood Row.
A brood sow knows some things as
well as anybody. She knows what
she ought to eat, and if she can get.
to it she will eat it, and it will do
her good: hence a sow running in a
pasture will not only have needed exercise, but she will get a bite here
and there needed by her system and
condition and as a result will do
better than.il' kept penned and fed
everything that can he thought of.
Animal instinct is olten better than
the art of mnn.	
m-ainwork in Farming.
No matter what occupation a man
follows he has need for brain force,
and this applies to farming and
dairying as well ns to law or modi-
cine. The farmer who succeeds today is the farmer who directs his
brawn with his brain. Tho farmer
has an excellent field for this brain-
work, and he above all others should
not fall into a rut. In other words,
be something moro than a marhino.
It means more cash and more respect. 	
Cavalry Caplliro a Fleet.
Which is the most extraordinary
cavalry charge on record? If we
take extraordinary in the sense of
unusual, probably nothing will ever
surpass the charge of the FrciKh
General Pichogru's cavalry in 179"),
made upon tho Dutch fleet, fast
bound by Ice io Zuyder Zee. rialloiv-
ing rapidly over tbo ice, the hussars
surrounded the tremendous but Immovable vessels and compelled the
fleet, to -surrender.—Londoil Answer*.
I'nreaaonnble Woman.
"This thiTiiiotneter," complained the
customer? "is no good. 1 can never tell
by it huw cold It is."
"Consider, my dear woman," replied
the Boston shopkeeper, "the word 'thermometer' is derived from two Greek
words meaning 'measure of heat' Tho
Instrument ls designed to measure heat,
minium, not cold."—Philadelphia Press.
That's Different.
"1 see n Chicago girl hns risked her
life to save her pet ca,t"
"I wonder if she ever broke or tried
to break a man's heart Just for the fun
of the'thlug."-Chicago Uecord.
Fine   White   Hooka.
The Illustration shows a pair of
White Plymouth Rocks owned by D. T.
Boots,  Connersvllle,  Ind.   They  were
first cock and first hen nt recent Cleveland show. The picture Is from the Inland Poultry Journal.
To Keep liens at  Home.
If you want hens to stay at home and
not fly over the fence, you must make
home attractive to them, and the best
way to make home attractive Is to keep
the hens busy. A lot of grain scattered
where it is hnrd to find will generally
keep chlckeus busy. This Is better than
cropping the wings. All the smaller
breeds love lo fly up on a fence, look
around aDd then fly down on the wrong
side, especially If the wrong side Is the
garden. But they can never fly over a
fence to get buck. They will run along
the fence and try to pass through a
two Inch mesh or between close palings, but they never so much ne look
up to see how high the fence Is. IB
short, a hen In the matter of wandering will never do that which she ought
to do. If sbe Is In when she ought to
be out, you have to catch her and throw
her over the fence. As long as they can
find grain that they think you have
hied to hide from them- hens will stay
at home and work.—Farm and Uanch.
Turkey Home.
Not many years ngo 1 was very anxious for a house for my turkeys, an
open shed rather than a house, ns 1
wanted It opeu on tne south side. Now
I have almost decided that turkeys are
healthier for roosting In tbe open air.
I agree with Mr. Matteson that we
must uot pamper our breeding stock
too much if we desire healthy offspring. If our turkeys will roost In the
trees lu a place somewhat protected
from the storms, they will come
through the winter In good shape If
they are us strong and healthy as they
should be, and our poults next spring
will be hardy nnd if kept free from
lice and fed carefully will be easily
rulsed.—Margaret Cavanaugh Daly in
Poultry Success.
Thtno-a  lo  I'revent.
Hundreds of chicks lose their lives
every year by being huddled Into corners and smothered to death. In building a coop look out for the corters.
Keep the coops neat nnd clean, the
floor covered with sand, sawdust or
chaff. Once a week sprinkle a little
chloride of lime on the floor and cover
with chaff. Tobacco stems chopped
and sprinkled over the floors are a good
thing. Cold rains, wet cold grass ufter
rains, early morning dews, etc., are
in uses of enlarged crops, constipation
and bowel diseases In young chicks.
Keep the chicks shut up until the grass
is dry.        	
[tomantle.
She Is engaged, oh, lovely maid!
What raptures thrill us through!
What happiness hangs on your word!
What hopes nre flxetl on yoa!
We pledge our lives to serve your wish;
"1 will surely make a stir—
This penrl of cirls. who Is eugaged
To cook at fifteen per!
-Now York Heralrt.
Coualilernte.
Nightciips and cotton ear wads are
provided by the proprietor of a hotel
nt Vyitra, Hungary, for those ot his
guests who retire early and do not
wish to ho kept awake by a gypsy
baud which plays nightly nt the hotel.
l<ot a .Ijti.. lii.t !!.. A.-,. . ,   i     a I Ikiel of
tbe llama    4eaten* ■ ■ if.-  ..., •■*
I llk-ni   Sn j,ri I'.    ..
"No race enn lis-.' l,',^,-- th;,n Ite
mothers." Japanese »'oi ■ I are essentially a rare of mothers, and ihe
care and tearing of their children occupy so much of their time and
thought that they aie unai.le to
have that extensive social life their
western sbiteis enjoy, even were it
not for the e'.iquette which makes
It actually fashionable for them tu
find their pleasure* in th, ir homes.
Many have imputed to .lupuuese
women in consequence of a lark of
knowledge and undue meekness, re
gnrdiiig thnn us little more Ulan
servants ol thiir families and husbands. Such critfeiam is purely su-
parflcla! und far from being accurate
Indeed, it is very inaccurate.
The position of a Japan  woman
ls a high one. Sbe is add eased as
"okusmnu." the honorable lady of
the house, and slie is treated with
the greatest consideration and respect l,y her husband and her family. Far from being a nn-ek, slavish
creature of the household, she is
more of tho mentor, the autocrat
and idol of the home, in domestic
affairs  she has full  control,   tier    du-
lies aie onerous, but never repugnant to her. 'Ihey consist of managing the household, practicing economy, making her hoi ie pleasant
both in appearance and by her cheerfulness of disposition, and the education and Instruction of her children, for even after the children have entered school they are
still under her tutelage.
As her home ia therefore her
win Id, it is only natural that it has
become the Inherent instinct of the
Japanese women to lavish the great*
est love and tenderness upon their
homes and to expend much time
and thougftit in endeavoring to make
them as attractive and as pleasant
as possible.
Her house is the acme of purity
To a western eye the aspect of tho
Interior of a Japanese house may at
first seem bare und cheerless. In
truth, the Jppumse abhor decora-
lion of uny kind and consider it not
only inartistic, but extremely vulgar. I was once shown a so called
"Japanese room" In the house of a
Chicago millionaire, nnd I am quite
Sure that the average . Japanese
housewife would have though I herself in the room of some insane person or else in some curiosity shop.
Such a profusion of articles scattered broadcast about the room! Such
a frightful display of mixed up ornaments hanging to the wall!—Onoto
Watanna in Home and  Flowers.
GOOD ROADS Irj .GERMANY.
The MtKhtva-k- Ifepair SyMemlKr.'I Itul
Ceaalr-r.
"Americans concede that roadmaklng
In Germany ^ B tine art. Few, bow.
ever, real:;.- Hint road repairing has
been reduced to a comparatively cheap
art as well. I wish dovcvtly," writes
Count Alida von Krockow In tbe Chicago Tribune, "that local societies could
be formed In order to study It and apply the results of the study to country
roads In America. 1 sp ike once on tbe
subject to an audience of leading cl
zens In Ulster county. In New Fork,
an Ideal county to experiment1 In, bs
ing ull the three chief things fur - a
cess. I mean stones, pnnpers and fruit
trees.
"Germans liud thai it pays to encourage peasants to free their fli
stun1 s.   The property rises In ■
taxing value.   The stones thrown Inti
In the ItoniHIi Catacomb*.
Discoveries of tho first Importance
to the students of the evidences of
Christianity and to arcbaoologists
are confidently looked for from the
continued exploration of the Catacombs of Home. Uf the 45 cemeteries known to have existed, only
five have been made accessible to visitors. The principal Catacombs-
'hose on the Appia, Nonienlana, Sii-
lnria and Ardeatina—although open,
are not yet thoroughly explored.
The soil, being of volcanic origin, is
too soft to be utilized for building
purposes, but it is of sufficient r.o,k
sisiency to enable excavations to be
prosecuted without the aid of supports. Until the nmiii century the
Catacombs were places of pilgrimage, but from then until the nineteenth century they Were neglected.
The entrances becane blocked aud almost all the sites were lost stght of.
It is computed that fully six millions of bodies lie buried in the Ito-
inan Catacombs, or moro than double the number that are interred in
the Catacombs of Paris. The most
ancient of all known Catacombs are
those of the Theban Kings, which
are over 4,000 yeais old.
New Isu for I'nvulBn Wa«.
A new and important use for refined paraffin vvux has been discovered by a prominent resident of Ohio,
living near Lancaster, who had two
trees badly damaged by storm, one
being a maple and the other an
appie.
In each case, says a writer in Popular Science News, a large limb was
broken down from the trunk, but
still attached to it. The limbs were
propped up and fastened securely
with straps, very much as a broken
leg might be fastened with splints,
and then melted refined wax poured
into and over all the cracks, Tl e
surgical operation was entirely BUc-
ro3sful. The paraffin prevented the
escape of the snp, kept out the rain
and moisture which would have rot-
led the trees, prevented the depredations of insects and the limbs seem
to be re-attached to the trees.
Thles in tlie Mediterranean,
For practical purposes tlie Mediterranean may be accepted as being
what it is popularly supposed to be,
a tideless sea. but it is not so in
reality. In ninny places there is a
distinct rise and fall, though this is
more frequently due to winds and
currents than to lunar -attraction.
At Venite there is a rise of from
one to two feet in spring tides, according to the prevalence of winds
up or down the Adriatic. In many
i traits and narrow n'.ins of tlie sea
there is a periodical llux und reJlux.
lint the only place where the tidal
influence, properly so callod, Is unmistakably observed is in the Gull
of Cubes, where the tide runs nt the
rate of two or three knots an hour
and the rise and fall varies from
three to eight feet.
M-klHivik SiiperMlllouik.
The Mohaves believe that all who
die nnd nre not cremated nre turnod
Into owls, und when thry henr un
owl hoofing nt night they think it
Is the spirit of some dead Mohave
returned. After any ono dies they
do not eat salt or wash themselves
for four days. They had formerly
un annual burning of property ami
all would contribute something to
ihe Humes in expectation of its going
up to their departed friends in lieav-
en, or "white mountain," as tbey
call it.       j.
A   Credit  to   Both.
"Does she favor her father or her
mother?"
"Well, 1 should say sbe sort of compliments both of them."—'
Not  Compnlaory.
"And what did he have to say about
that?"
"He didn't hnve anything to sny; otherwise he wouldn't have talked for two
hours as be did."—Philadelphia Press.
0EI1MAN IIOAD BBPATB KV.-T!   I
heaps by the roadside are purchased
by the district road repairing commission. Poor men, who otherwise would
have  to be supported   In  almshouses,
are hired to break these stones an,!
then ure trained to tbe work of repairing the roadbeds.
"The money to pay the men is made
by auctioneering off to the highest bidder the crops of fruit trees that were
planted on both sides of the highway
when It was built uud which was nourished well by the manure that falls
alung the road and is poshed at Intervals by tbe road tender upon their
roots. The purchaser of the crop sees
to It thnt his fruit ia not stolen. Tbe
road commissioners hnve no bother
about that.' Aud although the sale be
by auction it brings in considerable.
Every burgher knows bow much, because tbe sales of highway fruit crops
are published in the local newspapers."
UNIMPROVED  ROADS.
How They Affect the Cost ef Trana-
portatlon,
F. H. Hitchcock, chief of (lie bureau
of foreign markets, gave an Interesting
address at tbe North Dakota good
roads convention. The subject of trans-
portntlon is one of the most Important
matters that have to be considered b.v
Mr. Hitchcock's bureau, and iu the
course of his remarks he stated 'hnt it
was of ns much Interest to his department to huve the cost of transportation
between the farm and town reduced to
a minimum as it was to reduce the cost
to tbe coast or from Hoslon to Liverpool.
Poor roads from the farm to the market figure In foreign competition, and
It is a known fact that taking the average haul of ten miles to market at 2T
cents per ton per mile, the cost bring
$2.60, the amount is twice that charged
fur transporting the same produce from
Boston to Liverpool. Thirty years ago
it cost 30 cents fur transporting wheat
from Chicago to New York, while it
now costs ll cents, and where It formerly cost $10 from New York to Liverpool it now costs $1,50.
The cost of transportation has been
reduced very materially In cvvy way
except from the farm to the market
which still remains the same as thirty
years ugo. uud all because of unimproved roads.
Use of the ttouil Holler.
If you use a roller, remember tbat
the sides of the roads should have your
tlrst attention and that the work of
compacting the layers of gravel should
proceed from each side toward the center so as to counteract the tendency of
the gravel to work out from the center toward the sides. The work of
rolling will generally go ou more quickly and thoroughly if Ihe gravel Is slightly moistened In advance of the roller,
and this Is particularly Important in
putting down the lop or su face layer.
Ikli-nl Hi,ail ways.
Ideal roadways, according to Martin
Dodge, expert of the agricultural department, should provide, lirst. a
smooth, linn and nonwcarlng surface
for the wheels; second, a firm, nonsllp-
pcry footing for tlie horses; third, low
first cost, combined with durability:
fourth, low cost for maintenance nnd
repairs; fifth, a nnndust and noniuud
forming surface; sixlh. It should also
be as nearly noiseless ns possible.
Good Honda PosslbfO livery where.
flood roads are possible everywhere,
nnd so soon ns emulation in making and
maintaining them Is provoked we shall
hnve them everywhere. The money expended upon them brings a tenfold prof-
It for the community which is wise
enough to Invest In Their construction.
Good roads will scud tills country along
in the path of civilization and prove of
incalculable economic advantage.
I'lUklei-rnpl,   the   Iltchwiiya.
An exchange says that photography
ls playing an Important part In the
good ronds movement, as il tells at a
glance whether a community be thrifty
or shiftless, progressive or behind the
times, whether its people have easy
methods uf travel or the reverse. Photographs of good reads nre a good advertisement for any town; photographs
of bad ones a sllgma.
Warm   Feet.
Warm fe?t hnve much to do with
white bands. When feet are habitual.
Iy cold. Ihe hands nre always red or
Three  of  a   Kind.
SI a late—Why, my watch has slopped.
Miss Willing—And so has the clock.
Si ii late— Then 1 suppose I may ns
well slop awhile longer.—San Francisco Kxuininer.
A Vision of miss.
Rnstus—Ah dreamed oh heaben las'
night.
Zeke—Am dat so? An' n hut diil It
look like?
"A monst'us big chicken roosi In de
middle ob a watermllllon patfhl"-Stin
Francisco Bulletin. TflE MORRISSEY  MINER.
THE   MINER   PUBLISHINO   CO
fc E. SIMPSON, Manager
fc- ROCKENDORF, Local Editor.
B   Vunsg o. 3CUA
Our txleud B   gh-u.
., .» is iowm ig.«u
L..J- u 4 li.. -i i-*k
SUBSCRIPTION RATES:
One Year, in advance, $2.00
Six Months, " »1.00
Advertising rates, $1.00 per inch
BRIEF   MENTION.
H L Stephens wa* a Sundzj visitor
Id Cranbrook,
R. Htrtr and A.Sheridan spent Sunday in C ko with their families.
Thomas Crahan. the townsite a^ent,
was in Wardner on business Monday.
Miss Tlllfe Nomeland was in Fertile
Monday night  visiting   with her sister
P. D. McTavlsh. the Scranton school
tnau, was in town several days this
Week.
H D. Treavor, cf the H iyes Lumber
company, was in town on business Wednesday.
if yru want any books kept or made
Up, call and see G. G, Moffatt In The
Miner building.
Read today's news today, and read it
in the Duly News, Nelson's live daily.
Jack Gillis sells it.
J. W. Na/in, representing the North-
West Jobbing company of Lethbrldge,
Was In town Tuesday.
A steam shovel is working at Elko
taking out ballast to fill in the long
trestle a mile and a  half west of town.
Messrs, Hackett, Mcintosh and Armstrong arrived lu town from Spokane
Monday, and left Tuesday morning for
tbe upper Flathead.
The C. P. H. ls building a section
house at Wardoor, and it is said that
plans are prepared for a new station
building, which Is to be started at once.
The entire Miner staff and "Mooch,"
tbe (ni:e mascot, were in Cranbrook
Several days this week assisting on The
Herald, three members of the latter
staff being on the sick list.
H Garrett, who has been In the employ of the Cedar Valley Improvement
company the past winter, left this week
on an extended visit to Vancouver, Seattle and other coast points.
Church of England services will be
conducted (D. V.) by the Rev. Aykroyd
Stoney on Sunday afternoon at 2:30
o'clock, in the Methodist church, AU
are very cordially invited to attend.
the warm weather of the past week
has taken away the snow rapidly, and
toother earth Is appearing in numerous
places. Rubber boots aud canoes will
soon be the ord«r of ih« day la Morrissey.
C. d.   Efckstorm    pusad    through   town
Monday on his way to Fernie to lay in
a supply of goods for his hotel in Wardner. The hotel has been completely
remodelled, and was opened to the public this week.
The small sawmill recently put In at
Wardner by Breckenridge & Lund
Was started last Monday and is now
busily engaged In cutting lumber for
covering the immense new mill which
Ul expected to  be  in  operation In May.
Work on installing the machinery in
the new Crows Nest brewery is progressing favorably, and within another
month the Institution will be turning
out a beverage that will place Morrissey on a level with Milwaukee and St.
Louis for popular recognition.
iu kn.pttM'^\ Iiuoj M.-jtri >*j, iiiA' tlia
ihe tutfci is on mixS iLecFn uulbir^ do
lfl£ at M.wLci. 11- U al-o Ml active
memuci uf ilc Knockers cub, aud that
lo g- bus benefitted greatiy by his presence at its sessions during tbe past
week.
R L Fevre, tha section foreman on
the Great Niutiern, has resigned his
position and will leave for his fcruer
home fo Kalispell as soon as his successor is appointed. Mr. LtFevreaud fam
ity have been good citizens during their
stay lu Morrissey, and their departute
will be the occasion for regret to uuny
warm friends In this town.
A snow and sand sliJe came down
over the Great Njrthern track iuit
east of E.do last Sunday night, aud
the train from the south did not get lo
Morrissey on Its M >n£ay trip. A
bunch of Jim Hill's chosen people were
again imported for the occasion, and
Wednesday the track was cleared and
the south train came iu on time.
Dr. Bell, the government veterinary
surgeon of Cranbrook, was In town
Thursday examining some horses brought
into tlie country hy a settler from Ida
bo. The settler was on his way to the
Kdxonton country and said that if he
found conditions as favorable as reported, he would be followed by twenty or
thirty families from his former home in
Sand Point, Idaho, who are anxious to
acquire land in the north country.
Nelson Tribune: Thirteen years ago
today the outlet between Nelson and
Kokanee creek was open for ihort
stretches, although the ice was rotten
on the stretches that were closed. That
day 13 years Bgo, ail the mail for the
residents of Nelson was packed in on
Ned Bray's broad back all the way from
Kootenai station, 28 miles beyond Bcn-
ners Berry. Ned Bray is now a capitalist, having made a cleauupout of shares
in the Crows Nest Pass Coal company,
and the residents of Nelson get mail by
the ton daily.
Frank Carpenter was down to the
new town of Hayden the first of the
week, and says things are hummin ; in
that boom burg. The town is five miles
across the boundary In Montana, and
Is where construction will start on the
Gieat Northern cutoff. Already several hundred men are on the ground waiting for work to commence, and although
lots have been on sale only a few days
several bocze joints 1 re opened and do
Ing a rushing business, while buildings
are going up on every hand. It is a
typical western American town, and in
a few weeks will be an exceedingly
torrid proposition, judging from the
number of saloons, dance halls and
bagnios now under construction.
Morrissey M.thodlst Church.
C. F. Connor, pastor; preaching service, n a.m.; Sabbath school (at the
miu.*»g) 3 p.m.: preaching service (at
the   mines)   7:30   p.m.     All   welcome,
scats fraa.
rr*| f\ 1 • T~\ 1 (*    /"* »rii<»rif'riHiit-frttikririii'H'HMi*tiiiiiiuu'ii
lne Canadian Bank of Commerce I    imperial bank of canada
Head Office, Toronto.
Paid up Capital, $8,ooo,oco.       Reserve Fund, $2,5oocoo.
HON. GEO. A. COX, President.        B. B. WALKER, General Manager.
SAVINGS  BANK DEPARTMENT.
Deposits of $1 and upwards received and interest allowed at current rates.
depositing or withdrawing funds.
Depositors are subject to no delay when
NOTICE
Notice is hereby given that within flic (iror
prescribed by law 1 Intend to upply to the
nsfutttunt eommiRslon^r nf lands and works
for the dfstflct of Hunt Kootenay, and the
chief commissioner of landnnni] works, for a
license to prospect Mr ooal and petroleum
upon the fi-|](jwin» ■!< hci ibeil lands Hituntcd
on Sage creek, about six miles enBt from
Flathead liver and about four miles from
tlie International boundary in East Kootenay district of British Columbia:
[n] Commencing ut n post 4 miles from
boundary, being N. K. corner of VV. H. Mor-
rison'H claim, thence south 80 chains, thence
west 80 chains, 1 hence north 80 chains,
thence east 80 chains to the pluce of beginning, containing 840 acres
Dated February Si, 1903.
W. H. Morrison, Locator.
A- 0 Coplen, Agent.
Fernie Branch,
E. H.BIRD, Manager.
(b] Commencing at a p™t 4 miles from
lioundury. beimr N. W. corner of A D.Cop*
leu's claim, theses south HO chains, thence
enst 80 MailU. thence north 80 chains,
theuce went 80 chuins to place of beginning,
containing 040 aires
Duted February 21, lftu.'t.
A. D. Copta), Locator.
[e] Tommem-ing nt a post 4 miles from
boundary, being the s. B.eornerofQsorgs
Lnx'tdata, thence north 80 chain.", thence
wef-t BO chains, thei.ee south 80 chains,
thanes tost SO chains to plan of beginning.
containing 640 nam*.
Dated P< hniary Jl, 10 8.
George Lux, Locator.
A. I). Coplen, Agent.
[it]    Coaimriie llg  at   a   I*   '■'   4  inil.-in nu
boundary, bring the A. W, earner of James
W. Croft's rliiii... tliince 80 chtiins north,
thence 80 chains east, thence 80 chains
south, thanes  BO chains west to place of
Commencing, containing 840 acres.
Dated lebruury Bl, fi>08,
JumcB \V. Croft, Locator
A D. Coplen, Agent.
R. T. SIMMS
Contractor and Builder
FERNIE, B. C
Estimates Furnished, The Best ol Work
»«4<Sxs>S4<?444 ♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦«»
D. J. JOHNSON
Carpenter and Builder
A Resident ol the Town of Morr!s?ev
GOOD WORK AT REASONABLE PRICES
+W*+++++H-i«1'1"H-+1-1-++1-++*+
Saw  Mill  For Sale
Complete outfit of the Cedar Valley
Improvement company's mill at Morrissey, B. C , will be sold at very low figure to tbe right purchaser. Capacity
eighteen thousand feet per day, but has
turned out twenty six thousand with
crowding.
MILL 18 IN GOOD REPAIR
Take
The Miner
and keep posted
on this part
ofthe
district,
Capital (Authorized) $4 000,000
Capita)(Paid Up) $2,923,860
Best $2 485 288
HEAD OFFICE,  TORONTO, ONTARIO.
T. R. Merritt, Pres.   D. R. Wllkie. Vice Prea. and Gen. Manager.   E. Hay, Aast
Gen. Manager.   W. Vfolfat, Chief Inspector.
CHANBROOK BRANCH
SAVINGS DEPARTMENT   Interest allowed on deposits.
A general banking business transacted. Drafts sold, available in every
part of Canada, United States and Europe.    Special' attention  to  col.
lections. P. H. MARSH, Manager.
Your Local Paper
is a necessity to you, financially
and socially. A NEWSPAPER
of GENERAL CIRCULATION,
containing the latest news of the
world, is equally necessary to
you. The "up to date man" will
provide himself with these two
necessaries.
In THE TWICE-A-WEEK
SPOKESMAN-REVIEW will
be found the very latest news of
the world, its matter including information on politics, commerce,
igriculture, mining, literature, as
well as the local happenings in
tht*states of Montana, Oregon,
Idaho, Washington, and the province of British Columbia. 9ln addition, its columns for women, its
popular science articles, its short
and continued stories, its "Answers to Correspondents," and
"Puzzle Problems" combine,, to,
form a home newspaper that at
$1.00 per year can nowhere be
excelled.
I'orbapa you have ■omathlng' to Bell—a farm,
ft team, farm machinery. You may wlah lo
buy Bf.methlng. Tho begt posfllble way to communicate with people who wish to buy or Bell
IB by inserting a small advertisement in the
Spokcsman-Roview. Tbe price ls the same In
the dally and tbe Twlce-a-Week.
IT DOESN'T COST MUCH— •
1 time 30c
2 times 450
2  times Wo
1 time 40c
2 times «jo
3 times SOo
ir you wish to reich business men and new-
r.omers, us» the DAILY. Farmers, stockmen,
"imlikkinen   anil   miners   take   the   TW1CE-A-
,','EEK.
rtt'n'H'TtTTfT'I'l'WTTTT'H" ttttttrtl
1+**+
i Patmores Hardware Store
MORRISSEY,  B. C.
I Shelf and Heavy Hardware
Stoves and Cooking Utensils
Plumbing   and   Tinsmithing
I J. C. Patmore   -   Proprietor
H. A. KANOUSE
Preideut
C. H. LEVERS
H.BENTLEY
Sec'y-Treas
A dwelling houee and  office  will go
with the mill.    Write to or Inquire of
Cedar Vallev Improvement Co.
Morrissey, B. O.
THE BEST BEER
IS THE BEST
Drink Fort Steele
Brewing Co 's Beer
It Is wholesome and nutritious and is
made in the district.
(vM-4*>$4>&Mm-sm#«&Mm*m44'
4^^-m<i*m*H»&S>®®$4e$&H*^
James Greer
CONTRACTOR
AND BUILDER
AU Work Guaranteed.   See us
Before You Build.   It Will Pay You
Morrissey, B. C.
e®«s®«®®s)kiXj)®g^^
18 WORDS
24 WORDS
CITY MEAT MARKEl
R. W. Rogers, Prop.
FRESH AND
SALT MEATS
Poultry and Game in Season
Meat. Delivered to Any Part  of
the Town/
Graham & Robert Love
Plasterers, Bricklayers
and Stonemasons-
HEADQUARTERS - - CRANBROOK, B. C
CEDAR VALLEY IMPROVMENT CO, LIMITED
MANUFACTURERS OF ALL KINDS OF
Rough and Dressed Lumber, Shingles,
Lath, Dimension and Bridge Timber
Mills at Morrissey and Fernie
•S*3x^3xS'M-<S>S><S>e<S>M*S*^S>3^^
I MORRISSEY HOTEL,
JULES HUREL, Prop.
New House, Newly Furnished and Everything
Nicely Arranged.
We Keep the Best of Liquors and Cigars
I G. G. Moffatt, Notary Public, Accountant
• AGENT FOR
BEALE, HUTCHISON & ELWELL
Head Office, Cranbrook,  B. C.
We are ready to furnish estimates on
all work In our line anywhere In the
district. Address all letters to Cran- |
brook, B C.
Insurance, books kept and accounts audited. Collections
promptly attended to. The very best fire, life and
accident companies only.
Morrissey Office      ...      Miner Building
®«*Sk«>S*S*£<SK^4.$x5><£<SxS*$K^3^
MORRISSEY, B. C.
I
The tide of values is rising in this section.        •*
Those who regard this as a "boom", sure to be followed by a reaction, are much mistaken,
will make an effort to account for the stimulus.
Extensive development of their coal properties by the Crows Nest Pass Coal company.
Building of 500 coke ovens at Morrissey.   Building of 250 additional coke ovens at Michel.
Throwing open by government of reserved coal and oil lands on the Flathead and tributaries.
Building of the Crows Nest Southern from Morrissey to Michel.
Building ofthe Kootenay Central from Elko to Golden.
Installation of power plants at Elko. v "
This does not exhaust the list, but is sufficiently comprehensive.    Each year will mark an advance, and each advance will be on a larger scale than the preceeding one.
Investors who think prices are high now will be amazed a few years hence, when they compare present rates with figures the future has in store.
en
THOS.   CRAHAN
AGENT, MORRISSEY, B. 0.

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