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The Ladysmith Chronicle Jul 10, 1909

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Issued Every Wednesday and Saturday.
Vol. I.
Ladysmith, B. C, Saturday, July 10, 1909.
Charles Jones Identified
As the Murderer
Local and Provincial
News Notes
The arrest of Charles James, or
Jones, ln Ladysmith a few weeks agd
has been one of the leading subjects
ot discussion for some time. Young
Jones' had (quite a number ot friends
here who refused to admit tbat he
wns tbe man wanted for the murder
in Iowa He'denied strenuously that
he bad ever lived In Iowa, and declared that it must he a ease of mistaken identity. When he was taken
away from here he assured bis friends
that it would only be a question ol
a couple of days until, he would be
baci in Ladysmith, and they believed
bim. But it now looks as if be
would never see Ladysmith, nor his
friends here, again.
Yesterday morning there arrived at
Victoria by the steam Ircjojuols from
Seattle a party comprising W. B.
Griffin, sheriff of Munroe County, AU
bin, Iowa; Ur. Hyatt, tbe coroner
'who conducted the inquest over tbe
body of the late Charles Jack, and
H. A. Armstrong, a . mulato acquaintance of tbe accused, brought
out to settlo any doubt there might
be, owing to James' stout denial of
guilt, as to wncther he is the man
indicated in tbe information.
Immediately after their arrival thi4
V. S. officials waited on F. S. Hus-
sey, superintendent of provincial police^. After presenting their credentials James was produced. Armstrong recognised him, asserting
without hesitation, and in an emphatic manner that left no doubt ln
the minds of thoae present that he
was the party for whom tbe Iowan
police have been bunting for the past
Ave years and on whose head there
was a price ot $200.
The American sheriff is delighted nt
having brought to bay this fugitive
from justice. He says that ever since
his election to that office he has t-r en
keeping a sharp lookout for Jones,
confident that sooner or later he
would be found ln some of those
small mining towns which he was in
the habit of frequenting. He forwarded circulars giving a description
of the mulatto to; the four cornors of
the continent. This announced that,
. when Jones left Iowa, be wore a double breasted sack coat and a blue or
brown fancy shirt and that he v-ls
in the habit ot hanging around I'.it
loons and tending bar ln places on
the outskirts of mining camps.
Tbat ln tbe arrest of Jones, an cut-
law, cold-blooded and crafty, has
been placed where he won't be able
to trouble society for some time, is
tbe opinion, ol Sheriff Griffin. H»
claims that seldom does a murder
occur tn which the killing Is done in
such a revoltingly cool manner. The
circumstances, briefly, he says, nre
that a row occurred In a Buxton
barroom- there were a lew wordB between Jones and Jack, and the former, then but a lad of etghteen years,
deliberately pulled his revolver, emptied Its full contents Into the body
of Jack, who had fallen at tbe first
shot, and then walked away, taking
advantage of the dated and frightened condition of witnesses to effect
hla escape.
Posses, Sheriff Griffin affirms,
scoured the surrounding country but
could not find any trace of tbe murderer. Later, when hope ot Immediately capturing him had dwindled
away, it was learned that the youth/
with a temerity that would havetbeoil
too much for the average hardened
criminal, had calmly attired himself
ln women's garments and remained
about the scene ot tho shooting undetected.
The next heard of him was througft
a letter from Kentucky. In that
state his pnronts lived and he had
found his way to their home.' Kcol-
lng safe, apparently, nnd wishing to
have a shot at the police he inJ-tml
a. letter to them telling where he was
to be found and suggesting that they
might make a search.
They did, but, of course he hi.d
departed. Again all trace had been
That tho criminal should have
turned up in a town like Ladysinith
docs not surprise Sheriff Griffin. Ho
says that for years he has kept in
touch with ex-Constable Brown, the
negro who discovered Jones on Vancouver Island, thinking that, perhaps
in tbe course of his wanderings he
might happen to obtain a clue. That
it should happen In Just that way
was something odd but, he explained,
was not unexpected. Jones had
changed slightly, but not enough to
hide his identity. After identification
he made no^attempt to tight extradi.
tion, but ogreed to accompany the
sheriff back to the scene of tho murder, nnd they left on the afternoon
boat for Seattle. It would not have
done him any good to have made a
light, for he would have been sent out
of the country as an undersirable citizen.
Just before leaving Victoria, the
prisoner asked the superintendent cf
police for permission to telephone a
friend in Ladysmith, but the subject
of his communication is not necessary to relate. It proved, however,
j that no matter how bad he may have
i*een, there was still some sentiment
left in the young fellow.
Mrs. Robt. Allan has returned to
Chemainus after a visit to her parents, Mr. and Mrs. Conway, ln Ladysmith.
New houses are going up in all dir-1
rcctlons in Ladysmith these days. One
gratifying feature of the butlding
boom is that a/better class of houses
than formerly is being built.
It is reported to The Chronicle that
there are some infractions of the
fire by-law with regard to Btarting
fires. This is something that > should-
ho strictly enforced, and if there be
any offenders they should be punished
Mayor Nicholson was a visitor to
Victoria Thursday. The convenience
of the double train service was apparent in the fact that he was ablo
to go down to tho capital in the
morning, transact his business and
return the same day.
Annual Meeting of
A. and B. Fund
Mrs, Mary Mureheson died at ber
residence on Gallano Island last
Wednesday. She was born in Scotland and was SO years of age.
Tho mayor and city clerk have
signed tbe contract with tho Canadian Westinghouse company lor tho
installation of the olectric lighting
plant and the document has been forwarded to the vice-president of the
company at Hamilton for his signature.
H. Pccvor rocelved a telegram at
noon today to the eflect that
the films of the Passion Play had
been shipped from New Westminster.
They will be run Monday,, Tuesday
nnd Wednesday and will .be produced
for the benefit of the hospital committee.
Today being the 400th' anniversary
of the birth of John Calvin, the
Preitoyterian churches throughout the
world are celebrating it by meetings
and lectures. Bev. W. Forbes Robertson wilt preach on John Calvin,
the man and his message, in the
Presbyterian church, on Sundny even;
Mrs. W. K. Akenhcad left on the
noon train for Courtenay, where she
will spend three months with her parents.
Tho brickwork of the Nicholson
block will be practically completed
tonight, and the carpentering and
other work will be rushed to completion.
The picture of Pocahontas at tbe
Novelty this week nas, been the leading-attraction. The picture is a good
one and comes out well on tbe enn-
ves. There are a number.,of other
good pictures, and, the programme is
one that can be enjoyed by all.
A. Leslie Collingwood has entered
into partnership with T. E. Sullivan
in the plumbing business. They will
carry a full stock of plumfling goods,
nnd will prepare plans and specifications, etc, Mr. Collingwood leaves
Monday for Vancouver to secure
stock of electrical figures,, which will
he of tho most modern design und
convenience. ThcBo will he carried in
The architect's sketch plans for tht>
new Anglican church were examined
by the church committee on Thursday evening and thoroughly approved. Tho building will be an ornament and a credit to Ladysmith,
and is right in line with the hospital
and other civic improvements. It is
expected to cost ln the vicinity of
$4,000 of which $1,538.05 have as yet
been subscribed.
The annual meeting of the A. & B.
fund was held in Russell's Hall on
July 7th. The business before tbe
meeting was not of great importance.
Tbe books were audited and reported
correct and in good order. Officers
were elected and the secretary read
his report:
Ladysmith, July 7, 1909.
Mr. President. and * Gentlemen:
During tbe six months covered by
this statement from Nov. 13, 1908,, to
May 17, 1909, two death claims have
been paid, those of Wm. Cope and
Oscar Massett.
One special assessment was levied
in the month of Aprtl, amounting to
$444.50, with the regular assessment
amounting to $1,446.74. Donation
from Mr. Jas. Dunsmuir $150.00,
and sale of one pair crutches $2.00
brought out tho total receipts for thc
six months to $2,043.24.
Following  is. a   statement of  receipts and disbursements:
Bal. on hand Nov. 13, 1908,...$5,8:ii7..»3
Regular assessment  1,446.74
Special assessment     444.50
Donation, Mr. Dunsmuir      150.00
It, Barchiy, pair crutches        2.00
Benefits  $1,091.00
It was with much regret that the
members of tbe Board of Trade yesterday heard the secretary read a
letter from Lleut,-Col. Prior stating
that the state of his health wns sr.cU
that he did not feel able to take any
positlonin connection with the management of the affairs of the hoard.
We are sure that we express thc hope:
of all thc citizens of Victoria when
we say that we wish he may soon be
fully restored to his strength nnd
activity,  —Victoria, Colonist^
An effort is again being made to
secure a double mail service. It is
almost intolerable that a city of thd
business importance of Ladysmith
should be compelled to do with one
mall from Victoria each doy. Victoria and Nanaimo are moving iu the
matter this time, and there seems to;
be good prospects of success.
The following baseball players are
requested to turn . out tonight:
A. Kerr, F. Ingham, J. Sanderson,
Larrlgan, Taylor, Moore, M. Kerr,
J. Fisher, O. Delcourt, Dakers, Simpson, Barclay, S. Kerr, J. Muir, M.
Metro!' Oerrard, T. White, C. Thomas, A. Morrison, D. Aitken, C. Del-
court. From the above players there
will be a team picked to go down to
Chemainus tomorrow.
Death   claims     COO.tK
Haulage,  ambulance   r-l.S0
Secretary's  salary  and  expenses   40.46
Fin. secretary's salary   30.00
Repairs ambulance wagon ... 28.ft
Hall rent   8.50
Printing  - 2.50
$7,881 ST
E. LOWE, Secretary,
audited aud found correct
Auditing Committee.
Benefits paid by A. & B. Fund for
month ending June 30, 1909;
John Armstrong   $ 12.00
Jos. Lewis  ,     8.UU
Wm. Bradley     24.00
A. Crawford     30.00
D. Campbell      7.00
A. James     15.00
B. Rudman      2.00
John Senen!   35.00
F. Vanwassmeuf      9.00
John Giacoma     3.00
F. Hampson   33.00
Wm. Ross     16.00
Peter Conti      6.00
Fred Corseni    11.00
f. Hickabrand      9.00
E. Matthews      9.00
A. Brault     15.00
Mrs. Thos. Kulai, death claim
T. Kulai 215.00
Mrs.    E.   Armstrong,     death
claim E. Armstrong  215.00
Mrs.   Thomas   Webley,   death
claim M. Webley,    65.00
D. 3. Jenkins, funeral expenses
T. Kulai     85.00
D. J. Jenkins, funeral expenses
E. Armstrong     85.00
D. J. Jenkins, funeral expenses
M. Webley     85.00
Wm. Russell       6.00
E. Lowe  •     5.00
John Russell, hull rent     2.50
Haydcn & Harrup, launch hire
T.   Kulai, Chemainus hospital 	
-adysmith Chronicle, 250 dodgers 	
Lieut. Haycock, of the Shearwater,
and Capt. Hughes, of Work Point
barracks, have left Victoria for
Prince Rupert. They will likely report at length upon the natural facilities which exist for establishing
work of detence, etc., nt the new
port. It is readily conceived that tin-
Imperial as well as the Canadian au-'
thorities are desirous of having on
record all the information possible as
to the character of thc harbor Mil
tbe many other points that might Jbe
considered in connection with the sea
and land protection. Prince Rupert
is to become an important shipping
point, and lt is important that there)
should be exact information in the
hands of tbe naval and military authorities.
Rev. R. B. Laldley, of Nanaimo,
died early Thursday morning. He
was well known ln tho district and
highly esteemed. His daughter,' Lila,
taught school in Ladysmith and onlf
left a year ago. Her many friends
in Ladysmith will sympathise with
the mother and daughter in their bereavement. Mrs. Laldloy is an invalid.
Mrs. Margaret Russell, mother of
John and Miss Russell, died at their
homo ut BlanoyVon Wednesday. Tlio
funeral took place on Friday. Tho
servico was conducted by the Rev. R.
Wilkinson nt the home, nttcr which it
large number of friends followed tho
remains to thc cemetery at Chemalui
us. Mrs. Russell sank rapidly in her
last illness. She was in her 69th
Vessels coaling during the past
week Owon and scow, Pioneer, Delhi,
B. C. P., Amur, Czar, Dominion,
Princess May, Queen City, Cascade,
Henrletto, Erin,, Bermuda, Mystery,
Alcedo, Spray and scow, Princess
Ena, Belfast, Princess Royal, Clay-
burn and scows, Nanoose, Jeanie,
Flyer and scow, Kildonan, J. E. Boy-
den and scow, Surprise, Oscar', Opbiu
Achates, Dola and scows, Terra Eo
va, Etta White,
Mr, J, A. Macdonald, ot Toronto,
Ont., was in thc city yesterday. Mr.
Macdonald for several yoars conduct-
id the Arnprior Chronicle, but in an
unguarded moment "ho was tempted
to ahandoii the down-trodden press
and cngago in the insurances business.
Ho made a bucccbu of newspaper publishing and is now succeeding ns
manager of ono of tho most prosper
oils and reliable accident insurance
companies in tho Dominion. While
here he secured tho services of Mr.
John Stewart to look after the interests of the company in Ladysmith.
Mr. Macdonald mnt some old friends
here who were glad of the opportunity to once more shake nands with a
newspaper man of tho old school,
Stole the White Girt
from the Poor Chinee
E.  LOWE,  Secretary.
The following officers were elected
for the term ending Dec. 31, 1909:
Preside nt— Mr. P. Malone.
Vice President— Mr. Jas. Glenn.
Secretary— Mr. E. Lowe.
Fin. Secretary— Mr. Wm. Russell.
'Treasurer— Hon.  Jas. Dunsmuir.
The following committee was then
appointed to act with officers: Messrs. Jas. Deeming, Jas. Malpass, R.
White   F. Thick.
Edward Payson Weston, who is
nearing the end of his long 3,424
mile walk from Now York, arrived at
Colfax, Cat., at 11.1$ last night, liav-t
ing covered more than 40 miles during the day. He slept four ... ,.a,
and started out for. Sacramento tt
four o'clock this morning, tie expects to reach the state capital tonight. In order to do so, 1.0 will
have to walk 54 miles. The c > pedestrian, and though admitting thnt.
he felt somewhat weary, dec i.r>d
that he was in splendid health. Weston expects to, deliver to Pnstma ter
Fisk, of San Francisco, tho "tti-r he
Is carrying from,. Postmaster Mi-rgan,
of Now York, nt three o'ilaek on
Tuesday afternoon,
Fourth avenue is being opened up
and a sixteen-foot street grade trom
High street to White street. This is
a part of thc comprehensive plan of
street work the corporation baa engaged in this season. Tho avenue on
which the men nre now working has
been in an almost impassable state,
and the grading of a sixteen-foot
road will be a much needed improvement and a great convenience to tbe
public, particularly teamsters.
While Mr. John Stewart was sitting down to breakfast yesterday
morning, ho heard an unusual commotion in bis front yard, and going
to the door ho was agreeably surprised to find tho dog he was forced
to leave behind In his late pilgrim-,
age in the woods. Mr. Stewart is
not a demonstrative man, but tbe
sight of his dog moved him perceptibly, and it is not drawing on the
iirtnglnaflinn to say that there is nothing in the Stewart home these days
a bit too good for the canine,adventurer.
Fifty years ago today, July 10th,
1859, Mr. and Mrs. William Wilkin,
son, ot Nanaimo, father of Rev. R.
Wilkinson, of this city, were united
in marriage, and next Monday the
relatives of the respected couple will
Join with them In celebrating tbelr
golden wedding. Mr. and Mrs. Wilkinson have three sons and three
daughters living, twenty-one grandchildren and one great grandchild.
They are all living on Vancouver Island. It will be of interest to mention that should Rev. R. Wilkinson
and Mrs. Wilkinson be spared until
November of this year tbey will be
able to colebrate their silver wedding. The father and mother of the
popular pastor of the Ladysmith
Methodist church are well known In
this city, and their friends here will
unite with their friends in Nanaimo
and elsewhere in extending hearty
congratulations on the occasion of
their golden weddtng and wishing
them continued health and prosperity.
Early last Thursday morning a woman and a man from Nanaimo tried
to persuade Robert Harrop to take
them over to Vancouver in a launch.
The woman told a mournful story of
a sick mother in Seattle who was
waiting anxiously to get one lest
fond look at her favorite daughter.
Generally speaking, Mr. Harrop is a
tender-hearted fellow, but this time
he failed to be moved. Tbe couple
then came up town and the man went
to Sid Gilford's livery stable anil
hired a horse to drive to Oicuml-nm.
At the corner of First avenue und
Rot- its street a women got into the
Carriage and they botli drove oft. As
thc noon hour approached Mr. Gilford beenmc suspicious and be telephoned to Nanaimo, but tbe couple
had not boen seen there. Then he
telephoned to Duncan, and they had
passed there during the forenoon. Another telephone' mr *"-e to Gold-
stream disclosed the fact that they
had passed through there, and then
Mr. Giftord telephoned the Victoria
police to be on the lookout for them.
The police drove out a abort distance but did not meet them, but lo
the meantime the runaway couple
had arrived at Victoria-and had put
the horse ln one of the livery and
leed stables. They were Immediately
arrcstod, and the Ladysmith police
communicated with. They denied
any intention of stealing the horse,
and on yielding up $30, to cover expenses, were permitted to depart in
peace. It appears that the woman
was recently married to a Chinaman
at Nnnalmo, and after a few months
of wedded bliss, decided to elope with
a well-known business man thote.
The Colonist says she is one cf tbe
most notorious females on the coast,
and one well known to the  Victoria
police authorities, and was nose jth-
er then Mrs. Chan, wife of a Ohineso
r ior nt Nanaimo but better . nown
:,i the police of Victoria and jeattla
as I....y Earle, one time -u.'—*.. .-.
tbu underworld, and formerly of Seattle whence Ae was driven by tbe
atithcritii a. Just recently i.be figured
at San Francisco, whence she and he»
biuf-and, u former Victorian, were deported. Since her arrival on Canadian soil she has been residing at Na.
nalmo, where she left her former hua-
bani', end no"* she claims, she is
mi-in 1 to the l'hiu.*man.
Prospect* «re Good
for a Big Crop
Winnipeg, July 9. — Reports received from muny parts of the nprir,»
wheat country show thnt the wheat
I is already heading out, much ;,ood
having been done by the heavy rains
of tho past to: might. ;
Generally speaking, the grain is
looking exceedingly healthy, ind in
districts, covering practically all ol
Saskatchewan and Albjtrta, and some
parts of Manitoba, it is now quite
thirty inches high.
With this present condition of the
plant there appears no reason to look
for anything less than a very bountiful harvest, garnered in good time
betore the frosts. Just normal wen*
ther conditions from now is all that
is required to bring about this result.
In some districts of Manitoba,
however, conditions are not quits so
promising, especially in ths south*1
west, where seeding was somewhat
late and the tender shoots were
checked by • prolonged drought.
Good rains have now fallen ln those
sections,, and the grain is* now rapid-;
ly catching up lost ground, but ths
harvest there will probably be a little late and the yield not above ths
And 4200 at $10
Per Month
For a First Class House on a Gcod Corner,
did Soil, Good Stables, Etc.
This Is o  Bargain.
Notary Public Conveyancer
Head Office  -  - Toronto
CAPITAL $10,000,000: REST $6,800,000
Bonk Money Orders
3   cents
tt     '
|S and under
Over IS and net exceeding $10,
"   |10      "      » 130,
'•   130      "      " ISO,
Theaa orders are parable at par at any office in
Canada ot m Chartered Bank, except in tha Yukon
and at tha principal banking points in tha United
They ar« ncwotiabk at MAO to the £ eterlinr In
Great Brittin and Ireland. They form an excellent matl od af remitting ami 11 eunta of money
»l!h aafi X i and at email coat and may ba ebtaln-
cd without delay at any office of the Bank.
LADYSMITH BRANCH   L. M. de Gex, Manager
Published by Carley & Carley at Ladysmith, B. C., every Wednesday and' Saturday.
Undertaking Company
First class Hearse supplied in Ladysmith.
Telephone No. 262 and 180
P. O. Box 735    ■      >    Nanaimo
$1.50 a Yiar !■ Advance, 25c Ptr Msitth
Advertising Rates on application.
John Houston hns lelt Prince Rupert, and hopes to spend bis remaining days in Old Mexico. He has been
a resident ot Prince Rupert for .* i
years and during that time he contributed more than hla share toward*
maklne the place known to the .ut,
side world. The last issue ot the
Empire is to hand and contains Mr.
Houston's valedictory. He s"vys:
"The man who wrote this page ol
The Empire will not again 'vrite a
page of The Empire. He would be
lacking ln the one quality Ui..S Is
looked lor in men who pioneer ntw
countlrea were he to,refrain trom expressing gratitude to the men who
made it possible for blm to be a pioneer In Trlnce Rupert; and throuKh
him it was possible for huud-'eds of
of others to become pioneers In
Prince Rupert. The men who mi de
it possible lor the writer of these
words to live In Prince Rupert were
Fred J. Fulton, Robert O. 'Patio**.,
nnd Dr. Henry Esson Young, 1. D.
These three men ore members of the
McBride Government. The pioneers
of Prince Rupert owe them more
than they will repay them. The
writer will say prayers for them ln
Old Mexico."
Hon. W. L. Mackenzie King, a
grandson af the famous Willtum+.yon
Mackenzie, on the occasion nl bis recent visit to Harvard University,
made a suggestion that might well
le carried out. Harvard University
conferred the degree ot doctor ol
philosophy on Mr, King, and in tbe
course ot an' eloquent speech that
gentleman spoke ol the peaceful relations which had existed between
Canada and the United States since
1812. "Should we not," said Mr.
Kins, "as wc'round out the 100 year
of peace, make this occasion one nt
great rejoicing here, one which can
not fall to strike the imagination of
tbe peoplea el other lands?" The
suggestion is one thnt Is likely to
meet with popular tavor on both
■idea of the line, and should the celebration take place on the historic
ground of Niagara, the scene of the
last conflict, the event would be an
object lesson to the peoples of all
There was no meeting ol the Cltl-
Dr. R. B. Dier
Surgeon Dentist
zens' League last Thursday evening,
and this must be regarded in the
light ot a calamity. The secretary
had important matters to bring before the league, and one thing particularly in which the citizens of i.a-
dysmith arc deeply concerned—namely the all-absorbing Question of transportation on Vancouver Island. Another matter that would have come
up for the consideration of the members of. the League, is thc best method of advertising the city. Every
place on the island Is considering
this .question, and some of them have
solved tho problem, witb satisfactory
results. Ladysmith, as a matter ol
fact, is further behind in this regard
than any other place on Vancouver
Island. It ia not even mentioned ln
the advertisements ot the. Victoria
Development League as one ot the
points that can be reached by automobile on thc island. If this city Is
going to get into the procession ot
progress the citizens must not miss
an opportunity ot advertising the attractions and resources of the place.
They may be intending to do a great
deal in the future, but now Is the
time to do lt. There 1b a rumor cur.
rent to thc eflect that badce is* paved
with good Intentions.
With the work Incidental to the Installation of nn electric lighting
plant und the construction of a complete system of sewers, there should
be prosperous times in Ladysmith
thin year. The contract lor the electric lighting plant has been signed
by tbe mayor and clerk, nnd the con>
tract for the sewers will be completed
In a tew days. The machinery for
thc lighting plant has been ordered
by wire, and Mr. McDonald has given
several large orders for material that
will be required in the construction
of tbe sewers. The men who will be
engaged ln both works will be on tht
ground ln .a lew days, and aa they
will In all probability be paid .every
Saturday this means the circulation
of considerable ready money in the
city. The contractors will buy every
thing they require that can be supplied In Ladysmith, and this in itself
will be ot sufficient Importance to
make lt an object to cultivate thla
The arrest ot Charles James, or
Jones, again aflorda evidence ol the
difficulty of evading the strong arm
ot the law. James for five years has
lived in tbe beltel that his sine would
not And him out, but hla oflence had
not been forgotten. During the Ave
yearn that hare elapsed Blnco Cnarlc
James took the life of a fellowman
the officers of thc law have teen oi
his track, and at last their searcl
has been rewarded. The circum
stances surrounding this murder case
are sufficiently thrilling to supply a
plot tor an interesting story, but
Charles James must not in ans
sense ho regarded as a hero.
When will the new postoffice be op
ened is a question that' is being asked
quite frequently. This time last ycai
It was said the, government buildint
would be ready for occupancy in November; when November came it wat
announced that everything would bt
in readiness by the first of the year
Here it is July and there is nothini
to indicate the intentions of thesgov
ernment as to the opening date. Tin
Laurier government has long .boasted
that lt is a business administration,
but they have not done anything ol
Vancouver Island to emphasize theit
right to claim the title.
The Bank of England note is thi
most easily forged of all.' for It it
the simplest, consisting as it does oi
black printing-on a white paper. Thi
great safeguard lies in the quality o.
the paper and the reality of tht
printing and tbe watermark on tht
paper, says Answers.
To make the actual paper is be
yond the skill of the cleverest forger. It is made at a small town near
London, but so well has the secret
been guarded that the most skilful
note printers in the trade do not understand that, though they knov,
most of the other secrets.
Note printing is one of the highly
skilled trades which still is a virtua',
monopoly of the city of London. It
has always been so, nnd the great
banks of thc world come to the engravers and printers of London to
have their notes or plates made.
They turn out thc most beautiful
printing in Europe. Some of it is of
the most complicated description,
and in this fact lies its great safe
Tho steel plate itself Is tbe work of
many- hands and many brains. When
the main design p&a been decided upon the parts of the picture have tc.
be. given over to several engravers,
each of whom is skilled ,in>one branch
of his art and could not exchange his
part with any ot the others. One is
an architectural engraver, and with a
lino needle he labors for weeks in tbe
sflort to convey to thc metal a perfect picture of a building. Another,
with skill of quite a different sort,
makes portraits, a third draws scenery, while n fourth fashions tho let-
tors. Still others contrive cornet
pieces; and then there is the machine
engraver, which is more wonderful
still, tor the machine does work so
Ane that no human hand can imitate
The complicated work of tracery
which you see on the back and front
jf Scotch und foreign notes is so
minute that the camera cannot effectively copy it. To reproduce the
photography on zinc it is necessary
to employ acid, and the ncid would
sat away these One lines. The work
Is done by a machine which is made
on the principle of the pantograph.
It seems to consist ot n multitude
of wheels oud eccentrics, and apparatus tor guiding and checking the
needle and sending lt ln new directions at all sorts of unexpected angles nnd curves.
After the design hns been worked
out on the machine in accordance
with thc Bccret code, which is kept
by the proprietor locked In the safe,
the machine docs the work Itself, il
the operator will go on turning the
driving crank slowly and steadily*
The'.plan is taken out with numbers,
which represent the wheels ond the
code ol figures, showing the work
which is to be done by each wheel,
and bow it comes Into play. But the
operator cannot know that secret.
The machine simply goes on its own
way, and the least slackening ot any
ot the parts will put lt all out. A
workman cannot repair the error, for"
he docs not know tbo code, and the
whole work wiH| be spoiled until the
master comes along and resets the
wheels and other parte in their proper order.
Only • small part of the design Is
worked out by this delicate machine
—Just enough to give a complete representation ol tho pattern. Then
that portion is stamped on soft
steel, which is hardened by another
secret process and made Into a sort
of die, which < is used to impress other plates of steel, till the full border
Is thus completed or a band made to
go across the whole tace or back ot
the note. /
In tho best of tho colored notes
;hree or four tints nre used, and gen-
rally you find that one of them is
,lue. It defies the camera. The dif-
erent .colors are put on with differ-
nt plates and each menus a separ-
ite printing, The result is that If
,'ou hold one of the notes up to the
Ight you will find that the lines of
he different colors run into and
.hrough one another; making it im-
icssi-Jle to tako a perfect copy, even li.'
he camera could catch them all,
.vhich it cannot.
■No forger can get, the tracery done
>y hand, because no engraver could
lo it, and he cannot get the mach-
'ne. If he had the macnine lt would'
take years to work out the secret
ombinatlon    of figures   which make
ny particular design. There are on-
y three or four of these machines ln
he world. Then for his design, in
he shape of portraits and architecture and scenery and lettering, he
vould want a combination of four or
ncre engravers ot high ability and
md character, which would be as
lard to come by as the machine. It
■annot be done.
But the English note Is protected
>y nono ot these things. Its letter-
ng and general design can.bo copied
uitc easily by tbe camera, and a
ood plate reproduced nn zinc tor
Tinting. It can be photographed on
stone and the printing is ready at
■,nce if the forger can get paper of
.he right sort.
A theatre had been destroyed by
ire, the interior being entirely
(recked. A friend found tho proprietor sitting disconsolately on a
.'lie ol debris Just inside the stage
mtrance. "Well, old man," ho said,
"I'm awfully sorry! Only small Insurance, I hear. Save any of the
3xtures and properties?" "Well, I
relieve the acoustic properties are
left," replied the proprietor.
We have just received another ship-
lent of those
Elegant-Designs and
Call and see them. They are going fast.
A full line of, Paints and Varnishes
n sloe!;.
Picture Framing done on shortest
notice. Bring your pictures and lock
over our mouldings.
Painter and Paperhanger.
Ladysmith Waterworks
On and after this date
water consumers must not
sprinkle streets or roads.
The following rules will
govern gardens and lawns:
Below 3rd Avenue-Jn the
morning from 7 to 10 o'clock.
Above 3rd Avenue—In the
evening from 5 to 8 o'clock.
Dated June 9th 1909.
J.J. Bland,
Superintendent or Waterworks
corn Beef  Lands for Sale
Chicken and Veal at all times
J. A.  Ryan
To whom It may concern:—
Take notice that on and after this
ditto, I will not be responsible tor
any debts Contracted ln my name
without my written' order.
Dated a* Ladysmith, July 0, 1909.
John W. Coburn,
President and Managing Director.
The Ladysmith Lumber Co..
Rough and Dressed Fir Lumber,
Red Cedar, Shingles and Lath
Do You Want A Summer Suit?
I carry one of the largest stocks of SUMMER
SUITINGS on the Island.
We Guarantee FIT and the PRICES are RIGHT
D. J. Matheson
Gatacre st.,   Ladysmith, B. 0.
(Two Good Local Buys
4_ House and Lot on Roberts St. and 6th Ave.   $525.
4 *
X Store on Roberts St.,   near 4th Avenue.   $400 %
!   McKELVIE BROS.,   *
Real Estate
I First Avenue,
Novelty Theatre
Masonic Building, Ladysmith
New Programme
Monday and
Thursday        >
Admission: IOc and 15c
Matinee Prices 5c and IOc
Agricultural, Timber and Suburban Lands for sale.
For prices and location apply to the Land Agent at
Victoria or the District Land Agent at Duncan.
Town Lots and cleared Suburban acreage for sale
at Ladysmith. Apply Land Agent, Victoria, and
Townsite Agent, Ladysmith, s
READ!   CONSIDER!   ACT!      ^out fig leaves.
I.. w5IBlv* ad™;ti8,nB I" Isi-bb Nawspapm. in
lawi Cities costs law. sums of money Wekre
satisfied with small advertialng. In a small paper?
for imnll money. This enables us to plaje uur
roods before our customers at a price to match
most income.?.
Furniture Store
Light and heavy teaming.
Furniture and piano moving
a specialty.
Nicholson & Weaving
Telephone 1.
I Sill T.). Trapp & Co's
Celebrated Wagons
During the seouon we havo said a Inrtre number
t)f wagons, Implements and logirinir trucks.
Everything carries a guarantee-
Buller Street
A~ 4
*      DRINK
I). B. C.
|     AND BOHEMIAN    %
I       BEER      |
I " I
% NANAIMO, B. C. 4
9 9
Ice Cream
> AT
Csrter's Store
Ice Cream lOo a plate.
Express and Teaming
Wood for Sale.
P. INKSTER. phone 66
0 J. Jenkins successorto A.E. Hilbert
Hllbert Undertaking Parlors
1,3 and 3,Bastion St.,Nanaimo
Phone 124     P. 0. Box lj
[ The City Market
Wholesale aad Retail.
Ladysinith, D. C.
A. Litt
Charge* moderate.
All work   left at   McCallum'a tnd
t venue, near Fire Hall, will receive
rompt ateentlun.
'"And they sewed flg leovoa together and made themselves aprons."
1 do not know of any other sentence in tho language which is as
brimful and running over with, suggestions as tho above, yet I have
never heard any sermon upon It, or
any discourse at all. lt is Burely
timo that the great truths therein
stated should be made clear to the
mind that reads and runs.
Picture to yourself the situation.
Summer was coming on and Eve's
housewifely care discovered that her
wardrobe needed replenishing, Al]
she had to her back was a bathlug-
suit and that was made before tho
flood. Besides, her primeval sense o.>
propriety assured her that aw!!* an
outfit was very incomplete. Also
Adam was, as one may say, almost
destitute. Something must bo done
at onco.
It must have been a great strain on
Eve to think of becoming and correct stylos. There were no fashion
papers there. No paper patterns. No
collapsible forms to drape on. idaM
may have allowed ber to drape on
him. But the false pride of men in
cush crises make this appear doubtful. There were no stores to tisit
there, to enjoy the delights of shopping. Eve bad as much comnmnd of
raw material and thc pleasures of
free trade as oven a Liberal could
wish for.
It must have been after much deliberation that she decided on i'g
leaves. Their peculiar adaptability
to dress making is not apparent to
modern minds, but Eve wns a leader
of fashion, if ever thero wns one; so
we bow to her decision even though
it docs seem to be a figurative expression. One can see her gjing
about getting samples and shoving
them to Adam and making thc momentous choice.
How delightful chopping in Pufa
disc must have been! No supercilious
clerks. No damsels afflicted with
chewing gum and boiling over with
reminiscences of goycty uver night.
No electric lights to sputter gnd go
out at critical moments. Eve hrd
all day to match her samples, and
any amount of good, clear, fresh-,
from-thc-cruiciblc sunshine to do lt in',
Wo mny be sure she went home at
night triumphant.
Naturally Adam had selected his
own fig-leaves. We may imagine,
judging from his descendents, that
he went to thc most convenient fig-
tree, regardless of coot or harmony
of dint, and returned in self-compla-
cont peace to his dwelling. No bargain-counter for him.
Thc next thing to do was to toss
those materials together and get an
effect. There is no doubt Eve invented the needle and thread and first ap
plied her invention ln this Instance.
Thus woman's sphere originated at
thc period of the Fall.
Here arises another point. The
text says distinctly, "They Made
Themselves Aprons." Here the natural perversity, thc unadulterated old
Adam appears. I assure you it was
no idea of chivalry which prompted
our ancestor to make his own
clothes. Somo prophetic instinct
waiii' d him of the future derision of
mankind, and he wasn't going to
have it said that a woman made bis
Masons here may traco the origin
of their order, Adam being the first
man to wear an apron. No doubt
his devoted and long-suflering wife
was excluded from all knowledge of
theso mysteries. Is it any wonder
lhat Ere ate tho apple? Just thin!*!
Thc first secrets that wore ever concocted iu this world, and Eve not to
know them I It was extremely unkind, because there was no one for
hcr to repeat them to, even If she
wanted to. I strongly suspect the
Serpent of having had an unrecorded
Interview with Adain.
Eve, moauwliilo, was busy contriving her   costamc; patiently piercing
the leavci, together -so that no   rip
might appear; longing many a time,
no doubt, for a sowing machine,   especially when she came to the   button-holes.   If wo only had a   pattern
of that ancient garment!   It was, we
may suppose, very simple.    The  authorities, in fact, call it nn   apron.
But men cannot be expected to understand   tlie   sublptlpH  of  woman's
dress.   Ono thing is evident.   It   wan
the great forebear of patchwork, and
explains tho inherited desire of   our
Immediate    grandmothers to   secure
scraps of dresses for their >;uilt«. But
whnt happiness lt would have   beon
to havo ono flg leaf of that original
garment to hand down from mother
to daughter even to the present dayj
When tho   apron waa   finished   no
doubt Eve was filled with pride  and
joy,  Sho was tho only woman In tho
world    who   could   make    her own
clothes.   It wns a triumphant moment.   Ever since Eve had ceased to be
a rib she had longed to assort hor Independence.  Adam was too fond   of
reminding her of her origin, and it
took centuries of oppression to goad
her daughters to retort. But hero
was tho first victory of her sex.
She stood forth in her perfectly-
fitting and modish costume; in iull
fig as it were, whilst Adam arroyed
himself in his wonderful apron, lt is
no wonder, considering the fearful
and wonderful construction of that
garment. Eve, dear, good soul, was
too kind to display her success before him, and she, too, womanlike,
retired from view.
It is afterward mentioned that
suits of skin were given them, probably an improvement on the bare-
skin, which was their earliest covering, but I am sure Eve always remembered her first effort with complacency, even though Adam had'hceil
mean enough to cast all the blame
on her and send tlio flrst " 'taint ae;
'twas her," echoing down the back
stairs of time.
The Serpent brought evil into Paradise. Dressmakers' bills and milliners' bills, shopping bargain and fashions were all in hla trail, which accounts for the historic feud between
him and the sons of men. But one
good thing he did bring forth which
otherwise might still remain dorm-i
ant, and that is the natural and unalienable superiority of the rib over
the other sex.
In ancient times Armenia was an
independent country, and though frc-
Vently invaded, It succcoded- in re
gaining its independence many tlmei
until tho Middle Ages; but it is now
thc joint possession of Persia, Russia and Turkey. Years of oppression
and subjection have wrought many
changes in the country, und thc natives have emigrated to other lands|
where greater opportunities presented
themselves for the display of their
aptitude fur trade and commerce I
Ti.ey arc also skilled as artisans.
On their   native heath the Armcn-'
inns arc mostly shepherds and tilleru
of the   soil, living in low mud-built
cottages   or    underground   dwelling
nieagerly furnished.     Thc houses aro
built at   the   side of   or around   a
small courtyard, the rooms v ,th   no
apertures   lor light   '    .pt into the
yard.   Frequently th   eettlo   and the
family    occupy   the   same dwelling
place.   In summer the roof is utilized for smoking, eating and sleeping.
Armenian women do not occupy   a I
very  desirable   position.   Tbey    nrej
deemed much the Inferior of tho men,
and marriages are arranged   by   thc \
parents.   As   late   as   the middle of
tho   nineteenth century an Amernian,
wife was not'allowed to speak to her
sister-in-law for the first six months
after her marriage, nor to her moth,
cr-in-law for nine   months, while   il
wns eighteen months before she was
admitted to speaking terms with  her
father-in-law, and then the speaking
was confined to a whisper.
The women, however, were and ara
encouraged in industry, especially
with regard to weaving, an occupation which the men seldom take up.
The women weave carpets, Bilk and
woollen stuffs, stockings, horse coverings, shawls and the like, and particularly distinguish themselves in
tho making of lace, for which they
obtain gold and silver thread from
Armenian women are very attractive, many of them being decidedly
handsome, with erect carriage, regu
lor features and fine dark eyes. Al
thought they are scattered ovcr many
sections of the world, thoy retain
their national characteristics, and
their racial clunnishncss is one of
their marked traits. In tbe seaport
cities of this country, New York and
Boston ln particular, many Armenians make their home.
The Fenian raid marks one of the
Woodiest pages in the history ol
o«nada. it is now over torty-three
years ago since tlie raid took place,
out Canada cannot forget t-ue time
when her citizen soldiery were wan-
tomly shot down by a horde of invaders who cannot be regarded as
other than wilful murderers um>.le to '
give any reason for their atrocious
Omitting the so-called rebellion of
1837, which was a domestic affair, in
which well-meaning men contending
for a principle, were driven to resort
to arms, thc land had known tranquility for more than'fifty years. Not
since 1812 had a foreign foe set foot
upon Canadian soil, and there were
no indications from any quarter to
cause apprehension of the breaking of
tho long peace. Thc American Statg*
had experienced tho storm of havoc
of a prolonged and destructive war,
and their shattered and weary armies were returning to their homes
to renew their strength and to reckon at leisure the fearful sacrifices
tbat had been necessary to preserve
the union and strike the shackles
from the slave. The sympathies ot
Canada had been with the federal
power in the long struggle and many
had gone from this side to attest
tbat sympathy In action. But tho
war was ovcr, thc union was sccuro
i.nd tlie captive was free, and this
country which had watched tiie struggle with sorrow and fear, rejoiced
with Hiosc who : id rejoiced and wns
glad that right had won the victory.
There was uu thought tbo t the a .r-
mat.li of this foil harvest, would be
gntherod on our borders, yet it was
Another "Sunshine" Feature
This is an entirely new idea,,and will especially interest people who reside in natural
gas districts. The gta ring: takes the place
of the lower Sunshine fire-pot, thus making
it possible to burn gas in your furnace without
inconvenience. Such is not possible in a
furnace where the ordinary gas log is inserted;
for, should the gas give out, a coal or wood
fire could not be started until the gas pipes
were disconnected,
To provide against sweating in the summer
time, Sunshine Furnace is equipped with a
nickelled steel radiator and dome. All
bolts and rivets are nickelled, all rods
copper-plated. This special treatment, besides meaning quicker and greater radiation
from the radiator and dome than cold chill
iron could possibly give, acts as protection
for the bolts, rivets and rods from inroads of
gas, When cast iron comes in contact with
our nickelled steel it is coated with our special
Anti-Rust treatment, which prevents the
slightest possibility of rust commencing
anywhere in Sunshine Furnace.
The Gas Ring
.     WCWs
For Sale By Ladysmith Hardware Co., Ltd., Ladysmith
In purls of Switzerland thero Is no
capital   punishment.   But, after   all,
thc   criminal might prefer death  to
the  seemingly   lighter  penalty,   for
life on the terms granted to a mur-
dorcr In a Swiss prison is but a  living death.   Ho is condemned to   stl
once.   H1b cell Is built below the level of the ground.   II In ventilated, of
course,  but unlightcd.   He is forbidden to address a  warder.   Should ho.
dn so ho .goto no answer.   For thirty
mlnutci*   In evet-y twenty four hours
ho is taken  to a high-wallcd   courtyard for cxerclBo In the prcBenee   of
mute, armed janitors; then ho return
to tlie eilonco and blackness of   his
cell.   Reason docs not last long   under1 conditions Bitch as these.   Apparently thero Is no official desire   that
It should,
In tho course of his Sunday morning announcements a Wabaunsee
County minister said; "Brethren, the
janitor and I will hold* our weekly
prayer meeting noxt Wednesday even*
Ing as usual," ,_
|    The ngitutiun in Ireland, which had
j slept for a time, had been revived in
I n more menneiiu; form that it   bad
| presented  In years,  tho power   this
! time being   the Fenian organization,
iiumcd   nftor   an ancient   Irish military force.   The movement, the   nim
of which was armed attempt lo overthrow British rule iu Ireland,   had
| its headquarters m New   York    and
I the prime propagator of tlie schemes
| wan   James   Stophcns,    u    Kilkenny
; muu, who became known as the bend '
j centre.   He \.sited Nov,* York iu 1864,
i nnd organized the disaffected Irish into Fenian centres there its he   had
| done   in Ireland.   On bis return   to
Dublin   he wns   arrested.    Fourteen
days   afterwards   Ue   escaped   [rom
Richmond Bridev ell, and while   this
was set dovn to careless officials, if
was evident   Lhat there    must   have
been some connivance on the part of
the goverunent.   Stephens was   ever j
afterwards regarded as a government
spy and could not regain ids  former
posit iou   in the   order.   He returned
to New    York about   the middle of
JMay, 186C, to   find that O'Mahoney,
his colle.'! ue,   who was  at the head
of the   movement   in America,   had
been deposed,   and that   Roberts,   a
noted   Fenian,   was in full control.
The latter lad as chief henchman a
"General"   Sweeny,   who had   been
through the   American war.     There
was a warm   dispute between Stephens and O'Mahoney on the one   side
and Roberts and Sweeny on the other ever the control ot thc organization,    especially the control of   the
money,    of   which a quarter   of a
million   had   poured into   the  New
York treasury, contributions from deluded working people throughout the*
country   eager   to aid   in "freeing"
Ireland,   This money had disappeared
in some   mysterious   way, and   thc
men in charge of tho luxurious offices
in Union   Square, New York,   could
give no   satisfactory account ot   it.
Trobably   to divert attention   from
tiic   subject,   Roberts   and   Swccnc*
wcro   clamoring   for   action in   the
field, and this field was Canuda. Stephens,   on the other   hand, opposed
this and contended that tho   battle
should bo fought iu Ireland, and   it
would be fought that year If support
could bo secured.   But support   wbb
not forthcoming, neither was  money
in reach anywhere.
So mutters stood in Muy, itiiit'. In
the meantime Roberts aud Sweeny
pressed their agitation for invuslou
of Canada, though bow Canada obstructed tho cause of Iijsh freedom
was not cxplnlucd, and'these worthies mado journeys into tho west,
where tho Fonlan movement was
si long, to sllr up tlio members to ae
tion. That thc'Oanndlnn government
was fully informed ns to tho conspiracy Ib certain. O'Neill, afterward*
chief of tho secret service, was then
in the employment ot thc government, a shrowd, trustworthy and
fearless officer, and ho und channels
of information known only to tho
heads of departments at Ottawa.
On May 29, 1866, tho Cincinnati
Commercial reported a movement of
Fenians and large shipments of arms
northward, and said there were appearances of an extensive raid upon
Canada. Similar reports came from
Chicago, Now York, Philadelphia nnd
other places. Still there was no
thought that the, Fenians would carry
their threats into operation. Rolwrtw
and Stephens were at open war
on the subject, one declaring for a
ltlow at Canada, and the other clamoring for a rising in Ireland, and on
May 31 Stephens was openly,accused
at Philadelphia of being an English
spy, to which accusation he. offered a
most unsatisfactory defence.
On May 31 a truinlond of   Fenian i
from    Cleveland arrived at   Buffalo.
They   were a bnnd   of drunken ruf-
1 dans who had   fought nmong themselves nil tlie way from thc Ohio city, aud one of their number hud bee!*
killed   with  n   bottle ut  Ashtabula.
They did not go directly into buffalo, but   left the train   on tho   out-
| skirts   of the city,   ond tliat night
mado Canal street   howl   with   riol-
I ing, setting thc police nt dcl'.ance.
'   In lhc meantime the mayor of But'
ifalo hud telcgruphcd the mayors   of
Toronto, llan'Mtou and Lonuou that
something serious was utoot, and to
prepure for it, but  uo ono supposed
Unit a Goyprnmcnt  would allow  bo
nialigiiaut   a   proceeding us nn   attack upon a  friendly nnd inoffensive
people   to   come   from   Its iiordci'j.
This wus a delusion to be most pain/
fully   dispelled within   a tew hours.
The   American government not   only
permitted   the   raid to   take place,
nicking no effort whatever to prevent
it;    but a   government   vessel aided
the murderers to escape from   their
angry pursuers.   So cruel, so   heartless, so devllsh an offence against   a
peaceful people by a  neighboring and
supposedly   sympathetic people   can
only be found among savage and hMr
baric uations.    It  lett  a  cankei'ng,
sore in Canada for many a  day. Everyone knows   the story of   the repulse of the marauders.
Double Train
3         1                                2 4
10.00    9.00     VICTORIA 12.05 18.55
18.45 II57 LADYSMITH    11.00 16.58
10.25 12.35     NANAIMO 8.15 16.15
Dist. Pass. Agt.
Victoria, B. C.
"How do you kuow he hasn't any
sense ot humor?" '"Because he hasn't
any sense ot any kind."
Eva—"And do you really think
candy affects the heart?" Edna—"I
know it does. Why, this box that
Jack bought me for a Valentine
moved my heart a little nearer to
"Of courso," said the, earl, "everybody will say that you married mc
for my title." "Well," replied tho
beautiful heiress, "what do wc care?
I get it, don't 1?"
Ladysmith Bakery
Cakes of every, description, fans
and plain. Caiidiea of all kinds
Fruit of all kinds. Fresh bread ever
Reasonable prices. Come and se
our lines and leave your orders. VV
give careful attention.
"My son wants to marry your
daughter. Docs sho know how to
cook a dinner?" "Yes, It she gets
tho ma tennis for one. Docs youi'
son know how to supply them?"    U.
Judge—"What have you brought
that thick stick into court for?" Defendant—"Well, everybody told mo
tnat I must como provided with u
tntinns of defenue, and I fancy 1'vo
brought It."
A Kansas man wrote lo his newspaper and nBkcd: "What's tho matter wllh iny hens? Every inornlUK
when I go to Iced llicni I flnd some
of tlicin hnve keeled ovcr to rise no
inoiu," To which tho editor replied:
"They're dead,"
Small Gilbert wiib wnlchlng the
lilnrksnilth shoring his father's horse.
When tho smith bognn to pare thc
horso's hoof Gilbert thought it linn
to Interfere. "Say, mister," he exclaimed, ''my papa doesn't want Mb
horse made any smaller!"
Hop Lee, Prop.
Esplanade street,   Ladysmith.
Pure Ice Cream
On Hand
Tobaccos, Cigars, Etc.
Bestquality of Confectionery
Miss Bardozona
n fence or a house, if so consult me
as I can save you money on lumber.
Having purchased n low truck. I
am prepared to movo furniture and
For any  teaming  consult
•LADYSMITH     -      -      PHONE  6.;
"I should think you would be glad
when your work was done Saturday
night, Mrs, Homeg," said AngyiTup-
per to his landlady. "I'd be gladder
lt it wasn't dun evory Saturday
night," she replied. "May I speak to
you n mlnuto after supper?"
Portland Hotel
A. Leslie Collingwood
Excellent Boarding
Story of the Celebrated Chapman Murder
On October 25, 1902, tne Royal pro-
cession which was organized that tbe
people of South London might be
compensated to some extent tor tbe
limited nature of the Coronation procession, necessitated by the King's
recent Illness, passed through thc
Borough High-street amid the cheers
cf a dense crowd of loyal spectators.
From the upper windows of a public house, the Crown, the British flail
Hew bravely in honor of the great oc^
The Crown abuts on the public
pleasure garden at thc back of which
is tbe old Marshalsea prison, and
ttanda In the centre ot little Dorrit
The entrance to the Crown is panelled with the pictures representing
the scenes from "Little Dorrit."
In a portion ot the public garden,
hidden from general observation,
stands a  public mortuary.
Strange things bad happened In the
public house and in the mortuary on
the eve of the Royal,procession that
celebrated the coronation of King
Edward VII.
On tho night of October 22 a youni,
barmaid named Maud Marsh, wbo
passed as the wife of the proprietor,
a Pole, named Severino Klosowski,
but calling himself George Chapman,
had died in terrible agony.
She had been seriously ill tor some
time, and had been attended by a
doctor, and nursed by a woman called in for that purpose.
Her symptoms had been those af
acute gastro-enteritis. Chapman,
her supposed husband, had 1600 most
attentive to her in her agonising illness. He had himself brought her
cooling drinks, and administered tho
prescribed medicine to her.
When she died he wept, and. at once-
began to make preparations tor the
His first preparation was to go
across to the mortuary keeper and
ask him to remove tbe body.
It was late, and thc mortuary .keep
cr said he would have the body
fetched the next day, and he did so.
But in the meantime there hadvbeen
a little trouble about the death certificate. The doctor in attendance
had told Chapman plainly that he
didn't intend to give one until there
bad been a post mortem exam'nation.
This doctor had attended a previous wife of Mr. Chapman's, who had
died with very much the same sympf
toms in 1901 at the monument puu-
lice house, of which Chapman waB
then the landlord. In that case be
had given a  certilicate, and the fun
eral had taken place without any un
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sale. Apply D. Davies,
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Leave orders at Robert's
Butcher Shop.
mxissary delay. In this Instance the
doctor was adamant.
Reluctantly Mr. Chapman agreed
to the post-mortem.
It was made in the little mortuary
which is practically just behind the
Crown. The wall enclosing the back
yard of the Crown abuts on to the
ground io wb'ich the mortuary stands
In the dark hours ot the evening,
when all was quiet and tbe gates ot
public garden locked, the doctors had
completed their task. As tbey stood
talking together the mortuary keeper's quick ears caught tbe sound of a
footstep cn the gravel path outside.
He instantly opened the door, and
saw the figure of a man disappear in
the direction af the back wall of the
Crown public-house.
Mr. Chapman, the landlord, had
crept in the darkness of the door of
the mortuary in the hope of overhearing the conclusion at which the
doctors might arrive,after the examination of the body of his dead barmaid.
He knew the way to the mortuary.
He knew the mortuary keeper. He
had during the day suggested to
him that he should like the funeral
as soon as possible, and be had men1
tioned that he didn't suppose there
would be any difficulty about getting
the job over quickly.
On the morning of the Royal procession excellent business was done
at the Crown, and the landlord was
anticipating a still greater rush of
customers atter
and the huge crowd had begun to
But he was not to see the Royal
procession, and he was not behind
the bar to attend to tbe customers
when it was over.
Two hours, before the King and
Queen drove by certain police officers
entered the Crown, and Informed Mr.
Chapman tbat they had come to ar.
rest him on suspicion of haviitg. cans'
ed the death ot bis barmaid. The
result cf the post-mortem which
Chapman had not succeeded in ascertaining when he listened at the mortuary door, had been communicated
to tlie coroner and the police, and
the stiruel was the arrest of the landlord on a   capital charge.
He was taken into custody, and
passed on his way to the police station through the waiting crowds and
the waving flags.
The story of George Chapman Is
the story of a human, brute of the
Neil Cream and Deeming type, but
with variations. His method of "removing" was that of Neil Cream, anil
his motive was very much the same.
With Deeming he had this in common, that he had successfully perpetrated various forms of fraud, and
bad been a criminal adventurer from
his youth. Like Deeming, his one
idea was to "marry" and murder,
but he was more clever than Deeming, and more subtle in his methods.
Chapman had done his poisonings
so skillfully that he had in each case
obtained a certificate ot death, duly
signed by a medical man. When the
poisoning of Maud Marsh had been
successfully accomplished, with a doctor in daily attendance, he was not
only astonished but indignant that
there should be any trouble about
giving the usual certificate.
Had the certificate been granted, as
with bis previous experience be had
every right to hope that it would be;
be would have gone on marrying and
murdering. He had already, before
the death of the poor little girl of
19, who had been his dupe, proposed
to another young woman who came
Into his service tbat they should go
to America together.
She had objected—alluding to Maufj
Marsh—that he had a wife, and ho
had met the objection with the unwise remark that If he gave Maud
"that"—indicating a pinch of something with his fingers—"she would be
no more Mrs. Chapman."
Qeorge   Chapman,    the  successful
poisoner of women, had- his lnjudl.
clous moments of frankness.   But hl»|
success ln all his criminal-enterprises
had justified him ln taking rlak*.
Born ln Warsaw ln 1865, Severlnd
Klosowski ln his early day* studied
medicine with a view of foUowlng a
calling which In Poland 1* the equivalent of our old time "Barber Surgeon."
He did not pass the higher examination, and was at one time a
"fnlscher," or male nurae, ln the
Hospital of the Infant Jesus at War-
In 1888 he came to England and I her certificate was stated to be "iu-
was employed In a hairdressing shop [testinal obstruction, vomiting and
ln Whltechapel road.   He then spoke,exhaustion."   Three,  other    doctors
only Polish and Yiddish, and the first I were in this   case consulted.     Bach
wife he married in this country—he | carae to a difierent conclusion as   to
But thero was
no post-mortem, and Bessie Taylor,
lhe second poisoned MrB, Chapman,
was duly put underground.
had married previously in Warsaw-[the cause of death.
Polish JewesB.   That was
was a Polish Jewess. That was in
1889. This wife had the good fortune
to leave him after a short married
life, and to that fact she probably
owed the privilege ot being present
at the Old Bailey when he was tried
for the murder of three of hlB subsequent "wives." Tho first marriage
took place in a synagogue.
He seems to have moved about to
various parts of London, finding occupation as a journeyman hairdresser and barber. In 1894 ho was in business for himself as a barker ln Hif.li
road, Tottenham. The business did
not pay and be took a situation at
Thore ho met a married woman
named Spink, who was separated
from her husband. They kept company, and in October, 1895, Chapman
informed his friends that he and Isabella Spink had been legally married
at a Jewish place of worship in
WhiteehaFel. He waB Klosowski in
Tottenham, but he had while there
lived with a girl named Chapman,
and from that time forward he
dropped Severino Klosowski and
called him George Chapman.
It was as Mrs. Chapman that Mrs.
Spiui left Leyton with nim and assisted him in a hair-dressing and
shaving business which he had taken
at Hastings.
In 1897, while, he was at Hastings,
he made—so far as the police were
able to ascertain—bis first experiment
in tho use of poison.
In April, 1897, he purchased at a
chemist's shop in Hastings an ounc.v
ct tartar emetic.
Ad ounce of tartar contains 437
grains, and two grains have been
known to be fatal.
When Chapman was arrested tor
the murder of Maud Marsh and the
police searched his premises, the label which the chemist at Hastings
bad affixed to the bottle In which the
powder known as tartar emetic was
put, was tound in Chapman's posses
sion. On it was written, "Dose:
One sixth to one quarter grain. To
he used with caution."
Tho caution waB needed. Chapman
had obtained possession ot 437k#rains
of a poison, 10 to 15 grains of
which ma':e an absolutely fatal dose,
Tartar emetic or turtarntcd antimony is a heavyish white powder
freely soluble ln 20 parts of water,
and less soluble in alchohollc fluids,
tt in used ln medicine but more large
ly in veterinary surgery.
Mrs. Chapman had now come Into
money. With some of it Chapman
took a public-house tn London, tbe
Prince of Wales beerhouse in Bartholomew square.
They entered Into possession on
September 24, and soon afterwards
Mrs. Chapman began to fall in
health, and ln Decembor .became seriously ill, and took to her bed. She
dlod after great suffering on Christmas Day. The doctor certified the
death as due to "phthisis," and, although two persons' employed In the
house openly accused Chapman ot
having poisoned her, the unfortunate
woman was placed undeiferound without any official Inquiry.
When, five years later, the body ot
Isabella Spink, Chapmans's flrst
known victim, was exhumed, lt was
found by the experts to be "saturated" with antimony.
The action of the antimony bad
preserved form and features so completely that tbe poor woman might,
as Dr. Stevenson said In his evidence
"have been buried that very day."
Three months atter the death of
Isabella Spink Chapman took Into
his employment a young woman
named Bessie Taylor,
Soon afterwards the couple seem to
have gone through some form of marriage. They moved from the Prince
of Wales in Bartholomew square to
the Grapes ln Bishops Stortford, and
then came back to London. In Mny,
1899, "Mr. and Mrs. Chapman" were
the landlord And landlady of the
Monument public-house In Union
street, Borough.
It was at the Monument that thla
terrible barber from Warsaw started
his second experiment with tartar
According to witnesses who nursed
her during her Illness Mrs. Chapman
became terribly ill, and always vomited atter the food nnd drink which
Chapman prepared for hcr.
Shc wns attended hy the doctor
who afterwards attended Maud
Marsh.   She   died   on   February   13
When after tbe arrest ot Chapman
lor the poisoning of Maud Marsh the
body ot BesBle Taylor waB exhumed,
it was,found to be In practically the
same condition as that of Isabella
Spink, "saturated with antimony."
In August, 1901, Maud Marsh, a
girl of 19, living with her parents in
Croydon, advertised tor a situation
as barmaid.
The Polish publican who had so
comfortably disposed of two "wIvob"
and obtained death certificates exonerating him from any blame In tbe
matter, snw the advertisement, and
invited Miss Marsh to call upon him.
Representing himself to be a widower, and stating that there was a
family in the bouse, he deceived the
girl's parents, and secured bis third
The story of this man's infamous
career shows that he had the power
of fascinating women. He Boon had
this young girl in his toils, and she
did not inform her parents that he
had deceived them as to the "family in the house."
But she let her parents know that
he bad "fallen in love" with her, and
early in October she told them that
"she and George" had been married.
The mother went to the houso, saw
confetti lying about, and was told
that the marriage had taken place in
a Roman Catholic church.
This was at tho Monument, the
public-house in which Bessie Taylor
had died a few months previously.
In 1902 Chapman and the new "Mrs.
Chapman" moved into the Crown, in
the Borough-High street. Tho Monument public-house hnd been burnt
down, and the insurance companies,
having' certain suspicions, did not
pay Chapman all that ho claimed.
He threatened an action, but he did
not bring lt.
In the July of 1902 Maud Marsh be.
gan to be seriously ill. Eventually
she was taken to, Ouy's hospital. The
doctors do not seem to have arrived
nt a definite opinion as to the cause
of her symptoms. But under treatment shc got well enough to go back
to the Crown.
Immediately . she became ill again,
and the serious symptoms returned,
Chapman prepared her food, and him.
self brought her everything she had
to drink, and he himself gave -her
He was making his third expert
ment in tartaric emetic.
Cn October 22 she died, her last
words being "Good-bye, George."
A few days before her death her fa-
aroused. He went to his doctor at
ther, visiting her, had his suspicions
Croydon, and asked him to go and
see his daughter.
The doctor went, aud the result of
his visit was a communication from
him to tho doctor in attendance,
which doubtless Influenced the latter
when, Immediately atter the death,
Chapman asked for the usual certificate.
The terrible barber from Warsaw
had tried nl. favorite experiment
once too often. This time lt brought
him to the Old Bailey, and the dead
bodies of his former victims rose
trom thoir graves to hear damning
evidence against him.
Chapman, In the dock, was a miserable object. I have seen many meft
and women tried for their lives, but
I never saw one who from first to
last showed so plainly all the symptoms of abject terror.
When he was sentenced he collapsed.
In the condemned cell the thought of
death paralysed him physically and
Before his trial he could speak anc\|
write English fairly well. His last
letters, those written Just previous lo,
his execution, showed that the know-),
ledge of English he was possessed
had been almost obliterated. His
more recent mental equipment
seemed to have peeled oft. His last
letter written in English was unintelligible.
Severino Klosowski was a monster
of the Neil Oream type, but he selected his victims from a dlflerent
class, nnd lived with them ln a domestic environment. -
To watch the long agony of the
women with whom he had cohabited
was the gratification ol an Instinct
which Is a form of Insanity, but
Is a form for w,hlch the gallows la
the only remedy.
Tlie astounding feature of the case
undesirable aliens that ever invaded
our hospitable shores, is the ease
with which he deceived the doctors
and secured death certificates.
All of his victims had been medically attended during their poisonlnjf
and had actually been In-patients ot
a hospital Yet until the doctor at
Croydon was communicated with by
tho father of Maud Marsh, there does
not seem to have been any suspicion
of !oul play,
Against the loose way in which
death certificates are still granted in
England I have protested again and
Fourteen years ago a Select Committee recognized the dangers ot our
present system, but little has been
dene to Improve It.
I have shown In the public press
that it is possible to bury a body today without a certificate .at all. A
year ago T had upon my study table
over 20 death certificates ot persons
ol various ages, not one ot which had
ever been handed to the cemetery authorities.
In each of these cases, therefore,
the body had been buried without the
production of a certificate.
Whenever a "great" poisoning case
comes to light there are, as a rule,
exhumations, and it is generally
found that the all-covering carta has
been hiding a murderer's secrets.
The case of George Chapman is on
ly one of the many in which the poisoner has hoodwinked the doctors
with the greatest ease.
In Neil Cream's case, two of the
victims who died in agony nad been
ilaried without post-mortem examination. In Chapman's case exactly the
same thing happened.
In the evidence given before
Select Committee in 1893 occurs
following significant passage:'—
"His great sanitary ally and friend
Dr. Richardson, haO declared that he
did not know one medical man of extensive practice who in the course of
it had not met with a case of secret
murder. Now, as there are more
than 18,000 practitioners in this
country, what does such a fact as
this disclose of evils of insecurity bf
life calling for protection7"
This is quoted from evidence given
in 1888:
Tho victims of Nell Cream, exhumed in 1892, and of George Chapman, exhumed in 1902, had all been
buried with certificates that death
was due to natural causes.
The loose way in which death certificates are still grnnted Is one ot
the crying scandals of the day.
one on the coach examined tor the
missing articles.
By the timo that the commercial
traveler had calmly finished a hearty
meal there was' nearly a .riot,
and then ' he emerged from tha
coffee room and suggested that the
waiter had better look in the teapot.
While discussing the. subject of
drink an interesting story is told ot
two gentlemen, both now dead, who
were members ol Parliament—Dr.
Tanner and Sir Ellis Ashmead-Bart
Dr. Tanner went up to Sir Bills
Ashmead-Bartlett ln the lobby ot the
House ot Commons and abruptly observed:—
"You're  a fool."
Sir Ellis fixed him with his eyeglass, and in disgusted tone* replied:
"You're drunk."
"I suppose so," retorted the Irishman; "but then I'll be sober tomorrow"—in the most plaintive tone,
then in a crescendo of scorn—"whereas you'll always be a fool."
He—"I thought they weren't going
to get married until the autumn?"
She—"Yes, but they changed their
minds suddenly, and were united yesterday. You see, they happened to
hear of a good servant out of place,
and they wanted to secure her!'*
"Here's a pretty good coat, if you
want it," said the farmer's wife,
with a generous smile. Young Hilary Weariness, the tramp, spoke politely, yet with some slight hauteur.
"Yer kindness, ma'am," he said,
"should be a sufficient excuse tor yer
ignorance,, but ye must know I can'4
wear no sack coat with* this here silk
1901, and the  cause  of  death upon'of George Chapman-one of the most
Some Interesting advertures are recounted in "Thc Reminiscences ot an
Irish Land Agent," by Mr. S. M.
I-Iussey. The author of the book has
had an extensive experience, has been
the target ^pf irate) tenants with shotguns, and other pleasantries of the
land war of the eighties, but has
come out unscathed, and at the age
ot 80 enjoys fighting his battles over
again. ,
ln Mr. Hussey's earlier years stage
coaches -were still universal, and
steam packet services were unknown.
The journey from Dingle to Dublin
took more than two days, and tne
journoy to London occupied five. He'
Those coaching journeys were terrible experiences ln wet weather, tor
you were drenched outside and Bul-
focated Inside, whilst you paid more
than three times the present railway
fare for the miserable privilege ot
thts uncomfortable means of transit.
The old posting hotels used to .be uncommonly good and comfortable,
whilst they did a thriving trade. The1
coach purported to give you ample
time to breakfast and dine at certain capital hotels, but by a private
arrangement between mine host and
the guard and driver the meal* used
to be abruptly closured in order to
■ave the landlord's larder.
On the way down from Dublin a
thirty minutes' pause was allowed at
Naas for breakfast; but on the, occasion of my story, as well as on every other, after a quarter ol an hour
the waiter announced that the coach
was just starting,
Everybody ran out to regain their
seats except one commercial traveler, who picked up all the teaspoons
and put them In the teapot before
calmly resuming his meal. <
Back came the waiter with:—
"Got a  moment to spare, sir."
"All right," said the traveller.
"Which of the passengers has taken
the teaspoons?"
Tho waiter gave one glance ot horror and then proceedld to have every-
The Duke of Abercorn, when Governor of Australia, gave a reception
to which blue and white cards for
dlflerent doors were sent, according
to the social statu* of the invited.
A certain man received a white
card, his wife a blue one; but on presenting themselves, arm ln arm, the
Duke's aide-de-camp objected, saying?
"White and blue can't go together."
"Heavens!" exclaimed the wife, "do
you take us for a seldlitz powder?"
They were admitted.
T. E. Sullivan
Plumbing, Gas ui Steamfitting.
Prices RiasuiMi.
First Avenue, near New Westxn hold
Paperhangier and Art Decorator.
High Street.
Shoe Repairing
I am ready to repair Boot*   and
Shoe*.    Satisfaction Guaranteed.
Corner Third ave. and High street,
near Queen'* Hotel.
Flrit Claas   Photo*,
n.iwv on First AvtMi*.
F. C. Fisher
Studio It William*' Block.
Chong Kee
Washing and Ironing pwmptly attended
Boots and
The Cclebratod
Every "Pair Guaranteed or will be
replaced with another pair. In Men's
Boy's and Ulrl's. The Best School
Shoes ln Town. Also Children's Wash
Ing Suits and Sailor Blouses, and
Strachan Hats.
J. J. Thomas
Made to Order
I sell the
Every piece is guaranteed
to fit, and the price no
higher than ready made
First Avenue
Bright Things Said by Maurice Barrymore
While at tho apogee of biB ability
and fame as a leading man, the late
Maurice Barrymoro was the chief support ln a highly romantic play of an
actress noted in the profession for
her explosive outbursts of violent
lanl'.uafco upon small occasion. Iu th«
progress of the play it was part of
Barrymore's business to bestow a
protracted osculation upon the lips
of tho actress.
On the opening night Barrymore,
inspired by a senso of mischief, far
overstepped the limit in his1 bestowal
of this kiss. He not only deprived iti
of tho remotest semblance of the conventional stage kiss, but kept his lips
glued to the actress's for an -unconscionably long time, until .the flrst
night audience rocked with laughter,
tho actress's eyes blazing with nnger
whilo be held her in Mb relentless
Tho critics touched up the iocldent.
abundantly, generally with humorous
"Barry," remarked Abe Hummell,
Who met the actor on Broadway on
the following afternoon, "you clung
to that caress last night for a
deuced long time. What was the
"I was sooking reputation ut the
cannon's mouth," replied Barrymore
.amiable. "Instead, I lost it. You
should have heard her,when the ciir-
Phone 43
For Meats
Geo. Roberts5
Meat Market
Cor. First Ave. and Robert* Street.
tain fell.'
For the Holiday
White Underskirts,  95c,
$1.00, $1.25 to $2.85.
Black Underskirts, $1.35,
$1.60 to $3.50.
A few Blouses left, going
Miss Uren's
B. B. WELLS, Proprietor
Hack, Express, Livery and Feed Stable
A dozen or more years ago, when
Mmc. Sarah Bernhardt was returning
to Prance by way of New York from
hcr Australian tour, she was present
at a gay little Sunday night dinner
party of well known theatrical folk
in a private dining room of a Kcw
York hotel.
Alcng before the wind-up of the
evening the divine Sarnh, who was
more subject to such caprices than
she has been in later years, began to
direct the somewhat cutting, suafts of
her Gallic wit at Barrymore, who received the barbs with the greatest
good nature. He made it a >oint
not to tilt with women unless absolutely driven to it, and, moreover,
he used to declare that he had never
been able ln tho least degree to understand women.
So Barrymoro allowed himsilf to b
the butt of -the French woman, and
made no effort to get back until she
sini him some sort of dart be trine;
upon hcr belief in hiB overapprecia-
tion of his personal pulchritude, fi
thing of whirh Barrymore was certainly never guilty.
This brought tho flush to 3arry-
more's cheek, but ho waited his mo*
ment. Finally he overboard her saying to tho actress seated on her left:
"You know, my son is of the same
name as your distinguished and so
very beautiful Monsieur Barrymore—
my son Maurice."
'(lea," put in Barrymore solemnlyi
addressing the actress to whom the
French woman had made the remark,
"we are cf an age, and were playmates at Harrow when he was getting his boy schooling in England.
He is well, madam, I vonture to
hope?" turning with a smile to the
French actress.
Everybody at the table knew tbat
Barrymore was well p«st 45 then,
quite as well as they wcro aware of
Mme. Btrnhardt's extreme* sensitiveness as to her age. As a matter ot
truth, Barrymoro was a good twenty years older than young Maurice
Bernhardt at the time.
Mme.' Bernhardt was excessively
amiable toward Barrymore not only
tor the remainder ot tho evening,
but always when she met him afterward.
"Kven tho excuse of drunkenness is
no condonation for such an unspeakable lingual profanation."
Whereupon ho suddenly dartod in,
caught thc other man around tho
waist, lifted him into the air as if hi
had been a paper bag of floiir, tossed
him face down on a table and spanked
him in the old fashioned way, but
with modern enthusiasm for five! minutes, the prone actor making frantic
but ineffectual efforts to regain his
Wnen the conquered and chagrined
actor was at length permitted to gel,
up be gazed weakly at Barrymore foil
bit and then said:
"Maurice Barrymore, I wouldn't
have your disposition for thi world."
Which was the origin dating back
nearly two decades, of a phrase
which has recently been revived and
converted into one of slangful meaning.
Barrynore's carelessness as to his
apparel was so pronounced that it
was a genuine grief to his family and*
friends. His contempt for the matinee idol—which he never admitted
himself to havo been for as much as
a minute—was so acute that ho took
actual pleasure oft the stage in showing by tho carelessness of his attire
that he had no mind tp be catalogued1 with that lot.
He was walking along Broadway
ono afternoon with a couple of companions, when, from thc opposite direction, approached an actor of note
in classical roles who was conspicuous at all times for his nobby exterior.
"Ah, Barry," hum-hawed this actor, coming into speaking distance,
"here you are, in a disgraceful suit
of clothes, as usual. This one, however, is oven more shocking than its
predecessors. Wearing it on a bet,
old man?"
"Yes," replied Barrymore.
"You must   have given the   other
man Ion;; odds, Barry," said the oth«
er actor.
"I did,"   replied Barrymoro.     "I
wagered him that you were not  the
most mediocre reader of blank verse
now   alive on   the   globe,   and   he
proved me wrong and won."
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I 100 Pairs
! 100 Pairs of Trousers i
IOO Pairso
To Be Cleared Out at GREATLY REDUCED
PRICES.      $1.75   PER  PAIR and up.
G. O. ROSS, First Avenue
IOO Pairs
when tho housewife visits our r»tore and aces the array of delicacies for her
table that she can procure for such a small amount of money at one store.
Fresh canned fruits, vegetales. and toothsome hams, bacon and everything in
fancy aud staple groceries at prices to suit the economical
Scott's Building, First Avenue.
1p classified ads in
Advertisements under
ono cent per word per
able in advance.
NURSE BROWN -is prepared for Maternity or general engagements. Ap<
ply at Mr. IS. Wilson's Second av-
tnfie, between Roberts and Gatacre.
ttWtitfnS        "**
FOR RENT-Cheap to Suitable Tenant—3 Bedrooms and Large L ving
Room and Pantry. Apply at Velc*
phone office.
FOUND-A Sed Ci Hie Dog. Owner
can have same hy applying to
Frank Torest, Gatacre street, and'
paring (or this advertisement.
LOST — Between Roberts street,
Third avenue and High street,
book, entitled "Fun Doctor."
Please return to Mrs. Ewart, High
street.  11.00 Reward. '
FOR SALE-Brown and White Rabbits. Fifty cats each. SApply Mr*
John Stwsrt-
FOR SALE—White Leghorn eggs for
Betting. Buff Leghorns and Black
Minorcas. J2.50 a setting. Apply
Mrs. Laird.
FOR SALE—Express wagon ln perfect order and harness. Apply Arthur Howe, Chemainus.
FOR SALE—Four roomed house in
good, locality in Extension, B.
C:   Apply Ike Storey.
PIANO FOR SALE.—Upright Grand
Dominion Piano ln first class condition. In use only a short time.
Apply Mrs. Bernard, Union Brewery, Ladysmith.
First Avenue
Phone 62
Ladysmith, B. C
Fresh Vegetables
Grown by
Green Onions, Spinach,
Lettuce, Rhubarb.
E. Pannell
We carry a large stock of   Fancy
Recently in Paris the Court of Cassation declared through tlie mouth cf
its presiding judge, in a bourgeois
divorce ease, thnt a certain >vitneas
was "not only incapable of speaking
tho truth, but that apparently he
could not even think it." In other
words, the said witness was declared
to, he irresponsibly mendacious, end
that he was a congenital or hereditary liar. Naturally enough the Paris press seized upon the incident and
gathered, the opinions of medical experts as to the extent to which irresponsible mendacity existed in human nature. Tbe results can he
hardly said to be encouraging, and a
pathetic enough consideration is the
undoubted fact, according to medical
testimony, that the habit of lying
may, all unconsciously to jUMalvos,
overtake us at any period in life, ard
follow us down to a dishonored
Dr. Pieron, who is a medical publicist of note in tbe French capital,
says that the brain in the course of
its development, thnt is, up till thc
fiftieth year in average mon, mny at
some point or other develop a mol
formation which will have thc effect
ot destroying thc ratiocinatlvo or
reasoning faculty. Like paresis, of
which mendacity is a kindred '.diocuso
it may come upon tho most truthful
and tho lenst suspecting man without a moment's warning, and just na
tho result of a sudden "kink" occurring in the cerebral structure.
Lying, says Pieron, is not by any
means a monopoly of women und
children. The male grown-up, oven it
ho-.does not naturally ovinco thc ten.
dency to cxaggorate or invent—a certain indication of degeneracy—is always liable to become a victim ot
the lylri' habit. The natural and
spontaneous liar wbo has reached
maturity lies because ho is physical
ly or mentally still an infant, aud
can neither exercise any power ot
criticism either, subjectively or objectively, and is wholly devoid ot
reasoning ns to the effect his lies
produce upon his hearers or upon
their objects. He will lio mali-bus-
ly, just as recklessly or as easily as
he .lies spontaneously or simply, the
result being lncalcuablo as far as ho
is concerned. They nro unfortunately amonnblo to the lnilu 111:0 of
stronger wills, and can under quosl-
hypnotlc power, be mado to assert
nlmoBt anything, the truth > r untruth of their declarations being to
Barrymoro gazed nt the man with them not only on ontlrely absent con-
an expression of tho most hopoless | slderation but without tho s.ope of
disgUBt for a full half mlnuto und tholr mental or moral piirvie ■/.
then he said: J   The   so-called harmless liar,   &nys
Pieron, differs only in a light degree from the malicious or bruta.
liar who lies lor motives of revenge,
jealousy or cruelty. The physical [
malformation is almost identical in
both cases, tho difference being rnly
one of morbidity and a more diseased condition ot the nerve ei lis
which produces the state of. hysteria,
of which lying is perhaps the mest
pronounced symptom.
Tho children of drunkards and lunatics, more than any others, evince
the disposition to He and to deceive,
and it is an unfortunate fact that
considerable nbifity and even conscientious spirit—as for example lb
money matters—may exist side by
side with thc tendency toward mendacity. In women who nre the children of lunatics and drunkards the
lying spirit often manifests itself, although « keen sense ot honor Is still
Barrymore had a dislike for puns,
which was altogether 'unusual for an
A well .known leading actor—oow in
vaudeville—who was always more or
less on his muscle whon ln drink,
dropped into the Horton House cafe
while Barrymore was there with some
frtends. He no sooner saw Barrymore
than he began to rail at him for
wholly imaginary Injuries, and to
threaten to macerate Barrymore to
unrecognisable pulp.
Barrymore, noting his fellow actor's condition, took it all in good
part. At length his tauntcr, win
W'i 1 really an accomplished mai >
hli lists, us ho hod shown oil several occasions when Infuriated, strolled
over to Barrymore and remarked
that he had a great mind to knock
his, Barrymore's, head off, then and
"Robby," blandly remarked Barrymore, "behave. You appoar to ho
burying a  lot of dead tonight.".
"That's oil right," replied the pugnacious actor, his face curving Into a
foolish grin, "I'll Barrymore."
preserved in the common dealings of
life. The woman remains, however,
wholly unconscious of her lapse, say,
in cobIs of Infidelity. She is, says
Pieron, in the position ot 0 person
who has no recollection of having
done wrong. She will deny her guilt
and lie away her soul,, really in good
faith, simply because she refuses to
persuade herselt that she is doing
wrong or that she has done .\'r ug.
Though such a woman wore prepa/injl
to commit nn offense, or wore even
actually caught In an offense, she
would still deny her guilt, e*.cn
though thero had bcon a tho.i-ja.id
witnesses of lt.
This is not moral perversion, fcr
tho moral senso in woman is rather
a reflection of the Bense of honor or
justice in a man than an active nnd
original quality. It 1b simply thnt
in Buch women, even as in men of
similar mentnlity, thc idcaB cease to
co-ordinate or to (bccomo logical at a
certain point in the cerebral digeft-
ivc process. It iu just liko this:1 If n<
psyenopotbic liar were to look out ot
a window and see a camel with ono
single hump thc sight of thc r-nimal
would, In tho normal way, strike
upen tho retina and, having ratiocln-
atlvely declared itself to beau mc!,
would figuratively travel down tho
optlco norve and pass into the brain.
At 0 certain, junction of nerve lines
tho camel would—unconsciously to
thc psychopathic liar-switch off tbo
originol nerve line it was lutuided
thnt it should follow. Having become derailed, so to Bpeak, thc camel Would, while germinally remaining
a camel In the liar's mind, cha-igo its
proportions relatively to its actual
condition. It would, when loft to the
choice of other rails ln tho "June
tion," dovelop into a two-humped or
even a threo-humped cornel. Its tads
would grow ten times their orlglial
size; its hide would from' light brown
become a bright red, Its neck would
becomo longer than that of a gir-
affo. All this because the central
idea became derailed in tho linr'a
mind, and the cerebral "stomach"
refused, owing to its diseased -.ta:.e,
to digest tho primary conception
Notice is hereby given that Arthur
Howe of Chemainus in the Province
of British Columbia, butcher, did ou
the ISth day of June, A. D., 1909,
make an assignment unto Arthur
(buries Smith of Chemainus aforesaid, machinist, of all bis personal
property, real estate, credits and effects which may be seized and sold
under execution, for the purpose of
paying and satisfying all his creditors ratably and proportionately and
without preference or priority:
And further take notice that a
meeting of the creditors of the said
Arthur Howe will be held at the
Horsishce Bay Hotel, Chemainus.
aforesaid, on tbe 10th day of July,
1903, at two o'clock in the afternoon for the purpose of; giving directions with reference  to the disposal
FOR SALE—Piano nt 1
one.piano drape und
Apply It. Thornley.
.   snap, ulso
two   stools.
FOR SALE—Wallpaper and Painting
Business Stock. Cheap for Cash.
Property, etc. Apply J. E. Smith,
Roberts street.
of the estate; and further take notice
that all persons having claims
against the said Arthur Howe are required to forward particulars of the
same, duly verified, and the nature
of the securities If, any held by tbeu.,
to the said Arthur Charles Smith at
Chemainus, B. C, on or betore tbe
23rd day of August,, after which data
the assignc will proceed to distribute'
the proceeds of the estate among the
parties entitled thereto, having regard only to the claims of those of
which he shall then have bod notice,
and all persons indebted to the said
Arthur Howe arc required to pay thc
amount of their indebtedness ta
Arthur Charles Smith forthwith.
Dated at Chemainus, B. C, ,
tbe 22nd day of June,-1909.
Solicitor for thc said assignee.
FOR SALE-My South African Veteran Bounty Land Certificate Issued
by the Department of the Interior,
Ottawa; good for 320 acres ot any
Dominion Land open for entry ln
Alberta, Saskatchewan, or Manitoba. Any person over the ago ot 18
years, Man or Woman, can acquire
this land with this certificate.
Write or wire, L. E. Telford, 131
Shuter Street, Toronto, Ontario.
WANTED—A girl to assist in light
housework. Apply Mrs. Mulholland, First avenue, Ladysmith.
Lot 4, Block 29 (Map 703   A)
In the matter of an application for
a Duplicate Certificate of Title to
Town of Ladysmith.
Notice is heroby given that it   is
my Intention  at  tbe  expiration  of
one month from the date of tbe first
publication hereof to issue a Duplicate Certificate of Title to said land
issued   to   William Beverldge   and
Henry Reifel on the 3rd day of November, 1902, and numbered 8203 C.
IVKistrar-General of Titles.
Land   Registry   Office, Victoria, B
a. Um llth d»v o« AnriU 1SHU.
Notice is hereby given that wc In
tend to apply to the Liccnso Commissioners of tlie City of Lndysmith
ut tlio next regular meeting, for 0
transfer of the retail liquor license
now held by us in respect ot tho
Portland hotel, Lwlysmith, B. 0.,
from ourselves to Arthur Leslie Collingwood.
Dated ut Ladysmith, B. C.
July 7th, 1909.
Have Your Houses Plastered
For Terms spply to
C. H1NE, Plasterer, etc, Ladysmitli, P. 0.
Notice is hereby given that It is
my Intention lo moke application to
the Board of Commissioners of the
City ol LadyBinith at their next regular meeting for n transfer ot the
retail liquor license now held by me
tn respect 'to thc premises known as
the Pilot Hotel, situate on Lot 9,
Block 126, in the City ol Ladysmith
from myself to Alexander Thomas.
Ladysmith, 25th May, 1909.
Cement Sidewalks a specialty.
disease, and must be so accounted.
Nevertheless the existence of sich
things in the world should be noted
hy the health authorities, since they
are so easily influenced by unscrupulous persons. Where the disease ot
such a person can be diagnosed and
recorded, tho legal testimony Is not
I of morn validity than would bo that
Lying ot this kind Is, therefore, a of a gramophone.
This is to notify the public tbat
I, .lumen Rowe, will not be responsible for any debts contracted by my
wife, on and after this date, without
my written permission. Any accounts against mc should bo sent ln
at once.
Ladysmith, J una 16, 1909.
The partnership heretofore existing
between Robert Barclay and John
Conlln, hotel proprietors, has this
day been dissolved by mutual consent. All bills due the late firm
must, be paid to Robert Barclay, who
will also pay all bills against the
said firm.
4 if.
T ~__    .,-...-.__ a.   .     <K    m—— J— 4
I Straw Hats     Linen Hats
|   For one week beginning to-day, we |
J will give you a |
i 4
Special Discount of
20 Per Cent
I off all our Summer Hats.
1200   STRAW HATS FOR  $1.60f
1150       -- --       --      1.201
,oU 4
75       - ■-      -■        .601
| Simon Leiser &Co.,Ltd
!   Specialists in Corsets
* For Fancy Summer Vests
We make a specialty
Stoul Figures
Guaranteed to Give Satisfaction
Soft Negligee
Shiris -  -
Our Stock of Shirts is
complete in all sizes; and p&t-
j terns. We have them in
Brown Linen, Corn Shade,
Fancy Figured, Eta
Our $1.00 Shirt isi a dandy
in Blue, Brown, White, with
si'k striped Front.
Just a nice assortment
left in all sizes and pric es.
Cleaning them out at reduced prices.
In Cashmere Lisle Gauze.
All Colors, prices from 25c
W. E. Morrison
'The Vancouver Island Cigar
Formerly Gold & Johnston, ol Victoria, are Introducing a new brand
oi Cigars to be known  as the
"V. I."
Try Them.
and General
News Notes
Carr English
Biscuits at ni.iir &
Walter Miles is \islting the A. Y.
P. exposition at Seattle.
- Miss Robinson returned from a vis-;
it to Vancouver this morning.
:   Agents for the Crompton Corsets
Local and General
News Notes
Tlie Foresters ot. Nanaimo will hoi t,
a grand re-unlon on August ,4th.
Mr. J. J. Bland went down to VI1'•
torla on the 1 o'clock train.
Commencing Saturday July li, Mi/
W. Hooper will dispose ol his jewel-
try stock by public sale.
Mr. John Holland, wile and two
daughters, ot East Wellington, have
left on a visit to the old country.
Bee Jelly Powder, 5 pkts. for 25c.
Sec our window.   Blair & Adam.     *
We are selling a line of
Men's Fine, Blue, Balbrig-
gan Underwear at 40c a Garment or 75c a Suit.
This Underwear sells regularly at $1.00 a Suit. Call
and buy your summer supply
before the sizes are gone.
C E. Jeffs
Sh far Hum Sitirtn
Rev. R. Wllkinsonywent up to Nanaimo today to attend the tuneral ot
Rev. R. Laidley.
Jas. Rowan, a Nanaimo photographer, Is in the city, and may
start business here.
Mr. John Hepburn, tbe contractor,
has commenced work on the 40-foot
addition to the ES. & N. freight shed.
Finest Ice Cream in the city at
Hooper's, the most select [tirlcr
on the Island. Everything of the
best quality in Confectisiery.       •
Tea rooms for ladies or gentlemen. Short order or, sandwiches
always ready at Hoop::'.'. *
Mi. Mark Chruchill, formerly a . re-;
sldcnt of LadyBmlth, but now living
at Cumberland, waa in tbo city this
week renewing old acquaintances. Mr.
Churchill paid a visit to the A.-Y.
P. exposition, and declares it to be
one ot the best shows of the kind he
ever witnessed. He was surprised at
the great dimensions ot the enter
I rise, and wns sorry that the limited time at his disposal prevented a
prolonged visit.
Tho S. S. Jcannie boys proved easy,
^picking ln their second meeting with
the Ladysmith baseball team. The
score was 15 to 0, Tbe Jeanie boys
tried to bring ln a run, but the borne
boys were too stingy to give them
anything but a shut-out. Delcourt
pitched a good game and allowed
only two hits, The rest of the boys
all played their usual good game.
The Jeanie boys expressed themselved
as being well satisfied with the way
the ball boys entertained them while
here and promised to call on their
return trip this tall. f
Mr. J. J. Bland sold one ot the E.
& N. lots on Duller street today. A
new house will he erected thereon at
Mr. Roy Clothier, who has been visiting triends In Ladysmith, left on
Thursday morning for Vancouver,
trom which point he will start in a
lew days lor Nevada.
i > mcet your triends and be right
at home, while in Victoria, stay at
the Rainier Hotel, Oeorge Burggy
proprietor. '
The Chicago police recently sent
out a load of nearly COO revolvers,
sling shots, dirks and other murderous weapons captured trom crlnilnuli)
during the pnst six months ind had
them thrown into the lake,
English Balbrlggan Underwcnr tor
men.   $1.60 suit.    Blair & Adam.    •
II you have money ln large or
small amounts to Invest, lt will pay
you to see Norflcet at New western
hotel. We pay the largest rate of ini
terest ln the market, at least 6 per
cent thc first year and Irom 15 to 20
per cent ln five years.
Free placer gold, running, It Is estimated, at trom 1180 to »100 per
ton, has been discovered In the bee-
ln of Seymour creek, five mlUs from
Vancouver. For six weeks past J.L.
Marrlett, an Australian prospector,
has been washing the sands of the
creeks, and Ills efforts have been entirely successful.
To meet your triends and be right
at home, while ln Victoria, stay at
the Rainier Hotel, Oeorge .lu -gy
proprietor. *
.At thc meeting ot tao Citizens'
Lcaguo in Nanaimo last eviilbx tbe
subject ot a transcontineir.nl nil-
way with Island terminus was dU-
Thc steamer Yosemite went on tho
rocks on Thursday near Bremerton,
while returning with an excursion
pnrty to Seattle. A large hole was
stove in the steamer amidships and
she was hung on tho reef -.'itb live
feet ot water in her hold.
Church Services.
Sunday Services at 11 a. m. and P
p. m.     Bible   Class   and   Sunday
School at a p. m.   Prayei   meeting
Wednesday at 7 p. nv.
Services at St. John's Church, fltth
Saturday atter Trinity, July 11th:
Matins— 11 a. m.
Evensong— 7 p. m.
Sunday school— 2.30 p. m.
Wednesday, July 14th:
Evensong— 7.30 p. m.
Subjects for Sunday: "Sin and Absolution" and "A Disciplined Wife."
Rev. O. M. Ambrose, M. H., rector.
Epworth League meets at tbe close
of the Sunday evening service.
Prayer meeting Wednesday at 7.30
p. m.
Sabbath Services: Morning, 11 a.
m; evening, 7 p. in.; Babbath school
and Bible class, 2.30 p. m..
R. WILKINSON, rastor
Sunday services'. At 8 a. m., low
nans. At 10:30 a. m., high mass.
lt 2 p. in., Sunday school. At 7
p m.. evening service and Benediction.
Seattle Daily Times
70c a month
::   We carry in stock the leading sizes
11 suitable for Camping.
Complete Stock.
Our stock fs well assorted in all the
■•leading lines suitable for these waiters, etc. We are offering special
:: values in Fishing Rods.
Ladysmith Hardware Co.,
*-H-H-f"S-!'«-M,*H-l-M-H*+«' 'W-W^H-W'M-M-M-M-M-
In answer to the call for a meeting
ot all ladies Interested in the movement ot procuring a hospital tor Ladysmith, a goodly nun-Lor mot at tbo
city hall Wednesday evening nnd organized a Ladies' Hospital Auxiliary. Election, of officers being tbe
flrst order of business-: Mrs. Frost
was elected president; Mrs. Wilkinson
vice-president, and Miss Hutchisoit
secretary, and Mrs. Irving treasurer.
Amongst other 'business transacted,
it was resolved that, an effort should
be made by the members to raise the
sum necessary to add a maternity
ward. To do that a large committoe
was appointed, to solicit from every
woman in the town. The next meeting will be held Wednesday, July 14,
at 8 p. m. in the city hall, and every lady interested ln the cause Is
urged to attend.
Tyee Gun Club Shout.
The following Is tbe result of the
11th modal shoot of the Tyee Qun
J. Meek  16
Geo. Hopple; 16
W. Keserich' ' 19
J. Wargo  18
W. Haydcn  12
J. Rumsby  11
M. McKinley  16
Dr. Dier   11
A. Hopkinson  17
J. McDonald  19
WANTED—Men for Nome, Alaska.
Five dollars a day and board. Also n local manager. Call or address, R. L. Norflcet, New Western
The Holiday Season Is Here
Call and see our assortment of I.nlics' Tlelt Pins in Sterling and Hard Enamel, also
CufU'ius, Waist Sots, Hat Pins,  Ash Trays, Etc, Etc,
For the Month of July we will givo 10 por cent discount for all Cash Purchases made
Our Watch repairs are Daily increasing.    Remember wo tarnish estimates betore
doing the work.    All work Guaranteed.
Knights Book Store
To wiiom tt may concern:—
Tako notice that on and atter this
date, I will not be responsible tor
any debts contracted in my name
without my written order,
Dated at LadyBmlth, July 9, 1909.
SUMMER SUITS $7.50 and $10.00.


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