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The Labor Star Jan 16, 1919

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 .   -��������� * *' ���'
ujst 3c sa�� 4c ae*
r* "i
Control of State Through Political Action Must Be
* ��� * -#���
*  *  *
*. *��� ������#���
*  *  *
Forces of United Labor If Certain Victory Is to Be Achieved
By E.T. tingdey
THE SOLE motive of modern industry is the exploitation of enslaved human labor and the
turning of the results of such exploitation to the benefit, aggrandizement and
enrichment of the ruling class. Since the
first slave was shackled and the institution of slavery became the cornerstone
of civilization, everything that has been
incorporated into the mechanism of that
civilization, whether principle, theory or
fact, has been so incorporated solely because it furthered, buttressed, bulwarked and made perfect the efficiency
of the means of turning the proceeds of
exploitation to the upbuilding and
Strengthening of the ruling class empire of pomp, magnificence and power.
Ruling class industry, with its eom-
licated an"
and all that is embodied in the superstructure of this vulgar and brutal civilization. The grand climax of that
achievement has been indelibly written
in letters of fire: and blood during the
last four years. And this grand climax
has all but wrecked the ruling elass and
its civilization of horror and rapine.
From the aftermath of the blood debauch of the last four years that civilization can never recover. Intellectual,
moral and material bankruptcy of the
ruling class of the world is manifest-in
every act of the ruffianly rulers and
their tools, in every utterance of their
rtateamen and diplomats, and in every
fact that figuratively stands forth upon
the pages of their day books and ledgers. And the long ages of slavery and
torture have at last conjured forth the
Nemesis, in the shape of an awakening
proletariat, that will swiftly sweep this
rotten ruling class civilization and its
kindred crimes from the pathway of the
human race and make it possible for
men and women to live upon this earth
without being ruled and robbed for the
glory and vulgar aggrandizement of
slave masters and drivers.
' .A *'���.-���* *
There has never yet been discovered
but one means whereby slaves can be
held in bondage and ruled, robbed and
tortured by their owners and masters.
That means is commonly termed govern-
meat. The modern state is the instrument of the ruling class. It is the instrument designed, developed and
brought to its present high state of effi-
tune to which millions of slaves danced
to their death in the glorious spectacle
;.ud millions more crippled and maimed
themselves in the gallant attempt. Let
?t not be forgotten that the common
people, the useful people of no land had
anything to say; either one way of another, in regard to staging the delectable performance. Rulers, ruffians, governments, attended to all of that, and
they are now busily but ludicrously endeavoring to save themselves from the
ruins of their own show.
Happily we are democrats, hereon this
western continent: In fact we are now
democrats all over the earth, since
wicked autocracy has been so sweeping-
ly defeated by the self-sanctified nations of the earth and the pure in heart,
democracies we are told that
j��nd owners
p.nd tame to the exactions and scl:etaie>
of their rulers. Government is unthink-  people." Granted that t
THE wo:
rble except for such a purpose. And it
las thus far proven itself amply efficient
lor that purpose. So long as it can bamboozle or cajole the slaves into docility
and quiet under the lash of exploitation, it cheerfully does
so, no doubt because
that is the cheaper
way, but whenever that
method becomes no
longer effective, the
lash, the knout, the
club, the gun, the bayonet, the jail and the
gibbet are used with
equal cheerfulness ant"
aplomb, for, no matter
what the cost in "
tality and blood.,
property rights" in hu��
man flesh must be held
intact to the owners
and masters and the
game of profitably ruling and robbing slaves
must not be broken up..
Never was such gigantic plunder gathered
from the slaves of the
earth year by year as
is the case at the present time. The magnificence and wealth of
the people; by the
The only solution of
labor's big problem is a
complete change in the
mode of wealth production. ! Instead of the
workers leaving ^heir
bread and butterm the
hands of corporations,
they must, by legislative
���arid therefore legal���
enactment, restore the
ownership to themselves.
If the workers wait for
the present owners to get
off their backs, they will
probably starve to death
amid plenty ��� arid it
would serve them right
Better join a working
class political party today.
the ancient empires of Babylon, Assyria,
Egypt Greece and Rome, pale into signi-
ficenee alongside of that of the vulgar
capitalist empires of this enlightened
age. All, the vast power of the chattel
slavery and feudalism of the past was
unequal to the task of staging w
?;>.ipendous and magnificent exhil
of ruling elass efficiency and i
as. that pulled off to the musk
talist class machinery during the
four years. And, let none overlook the
fact that governments alone .called the
though it be a something absolutely unthinkable and Mr. Lincoln did not know
what he was talking about, then it is
up to the people of these alleged democracies to take steps to -See that their
precious governments
let up on the club, the
gun, the bayonet, the
bomb, the jail and the
gibbet, and arrange for
at least a mellpfeeent
and tolerable" state of
affairs than that which
has prevailed in the
past and which is even
now promising to become far worse. If the
people really govern
here in Canada and in
other equally enlightened democracies* then
it is time that the ruling and robbing of the
producers by the masters of industry, trade
and commerce wa<*
brought to sn e*d. It
is high time that the intelligent people (may
God forgWfe us) took a
hand hi their own affairs to the end that
poverty and misery in
a land and age of plenty might be
brought to an end.
w �� *
It is- time that'. governments were
forced to spend less of their time in aiding arid abetting the schemes of exploiters and commercial brigands to
rather their profits at the expense of
the producers of wealth, and more of
��t for the purpose of relieving the pre*
sare upon the producers and breaking
the stranglehold of rulers upon their
lives and.fortunes. And wherever the
people of a country possess the franchise they have it in their power to
legally deprive their governments of the
power to continue as the instruments of
class tyranny, rapine and eventual
slaughter. Having the franchise and outnumbering the mailers many to one, the
workers and farmers ef Canada can take
poiseSnon of the. reins and powers of
government at any election that may
tceur, except under a "War Time Election Act," and turn those powers to any
purpose they see fit. Those powers can
be used to stop the present exploitation
and impoverishment of the wealth producers, just as effectively as they are
now used to further the exploitation and
make that impoverishment inevitable.
Of course where a ** War Time Election
Act" is in ftpce, it is somewhat different
��or under such mi infamy the last ves-
cf the war, there is no reason why a
ruling class government should eon-
t:nue in power, except that of a lack of
intelligence upon the part of the working ^esa electorate. So long asthe farm-
era aid city workers draw all of their
political and economic Inspiration from
ruling class sources, however, their very
ignorance will cause them to use their
franchise wherewith to cut their own
economic and political throats! That isj
what they have been doing in the past,'
hut there "is no longer, any excuse for \
such folly. A true understanding of \
their position in present day society tt
now easily obtainable, unless they are
too mentally lazy to grasp it. A volumin-���
(Continued *>n  l*sse Three)
'J#V. ;>��k, V
1 x,
��� --������    m*        ������   ��� ���-  ^-
January It, IMS
Control of the State By
(Continued from Page One)
ous Jiterature explaining it all is now
iloat and It is. increasing tremendously
in volume. Meetings arc being held almost everywhere and the attendance is
rapidly increasing. The very atmosphere is even now surcharged with the
e'ectricity of revolutionary- change. The
decades immediately to come will mark
the most stupendous changes in social
end industrial institutions the world has
ever seen. The day of freedom for the
toilers of the earth is about to dawn.
������*       ��� W'     w      w
For the workers, both rural and
urban; for the progressive thinkers; for
those who earnestly look forward to a
U iter order, a more decent arrangement
ot the social and economic affairs of
men; for .all who have had enough of
slavery, of competition, of brutality and
n ar, the time has come for an alignment
of forces for the conquest of the public
powers for the common good and welfare of all. If all who really believe in
democracy were to move in solid political phalanx against the common foe of,
all progress and human liberty, the citadel of ruling class power would crumble
to ruiris and that baneful and sinister
instrument of class txranny and rapine
- govemment���woulcTbe shorn of, it*
power for evil, and with its teeth pulled
fnd its claws trimmed might be turned
into a useful and beneficent administrative instrument wherewith to peacefully
find decently carry out the requirements
ef a civilization not based upon slavery
rjnd/slaughter. It is the mission of this
publication to do all within its power
to'rouse the workers, the useful, the
thoughtful, the progressive, people of
��he land, to the necessity of united and
emphatic action along political lines for
the purpose of wresting from the brutal
and conscienceless* ruling class of this
dominion and of the world, control of,
Instrument jfi op-
repression whereby the
wealth producers are held in the tor-
f'irc of exploitation and robbery in
times of peace, and driven ruthlessly
Into .the shambles of ruling class blood-
lust and slaughter, in times .when rulers
and robbers fall out and quarrel over
Pnli tiffll Action # ���' the division of the plunder. United political action by all workers and progressives generally, against the robber class
o/ this and all other lauds, is the first
< onsideration, and where these have the
franchise there if would be folly to advocate or advise, resort to any other'
means. We still have the franchise in
Canada and the United States. Let us use
that franchise in our own behalf and
that 'of our class. When we have been
deprived of that franchise it will luen
!/c time to consider the advisability of
using some other equally'legal weapon
wherewith to effect the deliverance of
vur class from its age long bondage. In
such ease even the club would be legal,
ay.any legal gentleman will cheerfully,
admit, that is if he be paid for1 the admission. The tactics and. methods forced
upon the workers and peasants of Russia are not yet necessary Tiere. Let us
hope they never will be necessary, but
jet us also hope, and also solemnly affirm, that whenever it does become njec-,
cssary to 4o as the Russian workers have
done, that we will not be so lackingein
iranly courage as to lay down on the
job. But the conquest of the public
powers by and for the working class,
and that too by the #use of whatever
means may be determined by^ the ruling elass. itself, is the first task'in hand.
It is up to that class whether the change
that is coming shall come peacefully, or
come ^ih full panoply of war, with wild
dishevelled locks and shod in iron
aandals." Li v
���'  . ������'���-.���i-
The United States Is generally acknowledged by the self-touted apostles of hyproc-
risy to be the world's leading "democracy."
Among the first 2,000,000 conscript slaves,
"selected" to carry the message of American "democracy" to the benighted heathen
of central .Europe, 200,000 were found who
could neither read their orders or understand, them when delivered. When they got
letters from' friends or relatives they were
compelled to get some one else to read them
and Interpret their contents. Secretary ��fj,
the Interior Lajfle, in his annual report com-*
mnts upon this evidence of high-class citizenship and remarks that "the nation spends
In a year twice as much for chewing gum
as it does-for school books, more for automobiles than for all primary and secondary
education and pays the average school
teacher less than  It pays the average day
laborer." And yet this appears u> be about
as it should be. The less the slaves know
the better are they qualified to be used In
"making the world safe for democracy" of
the particular brand that Is now so Immensely poflalar. In ruling class circles. The
advantage the "day laborer" has over the
school teacher In the matter of remuneration Is doubtless due to the greater merit
of his services. The day laborer usually
performs useful and essential service. The
capitalist teacher teaches mostly pnuk.
I *     *     *
A Stockholm special to the New York
rvenfng Pest says that "expenditure of Len-
ine government for 1918 Is 4M00.800.0��1>
roubles, and the revenue but 15.000.500,000
roubles. As estimates are* optimistic^ the real
deficit Is placed at 43.000.0CO.000 roubles."
This deficit was covered by the printing of
"credit notes." During the year "the Bol-
sbevlki printed 30,000.000.000 rouble* of
these, which with 'amount already outstanding from January I, 1918, makes 60.000,000,-
000 roubles In circulatlon.'VAs any one may
readily see there is evidently no shortage of
money (capital) in Russia, and as that Is
the main consideration, according to all that
we have been taught by our capitalist
masters, It is by no means .easy to understand why all thjs talk of how Russia Is-suffering for the food and other numerous
things that our dear capitalists are so eager
to And a market for. And as far as we know
thgSQUfhevikl printing press is still in running order and in consequence there Is no
-Immediate prospect of the money supply
running short. Such being the ease,there la
no honest reason* why the Bolshevik! of Bus-
slashould refuse to pay the paltry billions
that were borrowed from the French and
other soulful ..capitalists of the .earth prior
4o the - collapse of the Czar's reign. They
might even loan the Germans enough of that
/sort of money to pay the indemnity to be
Imposed upon them by the- disinterested
champions of "democracy" who have so valr
orously brought unto then! the glad tidings
of an everlasting peace.
National bank resources ' of the United
^Mates are now close to 120,000.000,00, thus
surpassing all previous records. Deposits
were over $15,000,000,000 on Nov. 1 with
federal reserve, banks. As a dollar Is equivalent to two roubles ft may be readily seen
that the, .United States is by no means behind Russia In Wealth and capital, it la
all the same kind, too. In both cases it is
solely a product of the^ printing press. It
is all an order upon the future.' It hr-really
amazing how easy it is to make money, and
how- rapidly wealth may be accumulated although everything that is produced is actually used up as .rapidly as it Is brought
w w Tr
The gross sales of F. W, Woblworth Co.,
proprietor of 1038 five, ten and flfteen-cent-
Junk stores, amounted to $107,175,743 during 1018. The company was able to squeeze
1 ut ��� 1-2 cents profit per dollar of sales, and
���tt the miserably paid and lntensly sweated
slaves-in its employ.' As every one-knows most T
of these slaves are girls at that. The com-
j .any'a profit only amounted to about $iv>
(00,000 for the year. It will afford Uttle relief to the girls, however, to know that their
beneficent employer fat forced to such a narrow margin of existence aa Implied bythoae
figures. To tell the Immortal truth about the
Mutter though, the girls ought to be heartily
ashamed to draw down their princely wages
in the fane of such harrowing- financial jclr-
cumstances for their benevolent .and philanthropic employer. But come to think of it,
however, the poor slaves of this age weald
indeed be in a devil of a fix were it not for
the eleemosynary institutions like Woot
worths that a divine capitalism has eatab-
ln>hed for their material sustenance and soulful uplift.
Out ef 2,600 American ���qldlssa awgiisssl
from shell shock in France, over 2.000 were
Instantly cured by news of the signing of taa
armistice. This Was related as a veritable fact
tc the senate military committee by Surgeon
General Ireland. The somewhat unsophisticated Surgeon General emphatically and enthusiastically remarked that tt was taw
'greatest experience in psychotherapeutics
known." Without any���particularly intimate
acquaintance With "psychotherapeutics" we
feci strongly Inclined to quite agree With the
learned and profound Surgeon General. It
undoubtedly was the "greatest" ever,
Boston Safe Deposit A Trust Co. has declared dividends amounting to $24 per share
for 1918. And yet there are millions of working plugs who stubbornly persist In dubbing
j long for wages as low as $8 or 110 per day,
instead of saving their money and starting
up an easy money game like the above men-
t-oned. What fools these working animals are
anyway. Can it be that the creator inade them
that way on purpose, so that they might forever function as easy marks and gold bricks
for the rogues and rascals of this mundane
sphere? Looks like it any way.
. Now that Roosevelt, the blatant ass of
American politics is dead, every dirty sheet
of capitalism and every reactionary Tiypocrlte
rnd fount of crocodile tears is busy fulminating of his virtues and eulogizing his gar-
r llty and inordinate self conceit It must
have been an inspiring sight when Senator
Lodge, that relic of the stone age, burst into
team "when he attempted to eulogise the
former president," upon the floor of the senate recently. We toe are impelled to tear*
Over the late lamented. Coming as it has
so swjftly upon the complete, snuffing out and
silencing of Kaiser Bill Hohenzollern, the unhappy demise of the raucous Roosevelt has
left the world entirely devoid of salt and
savor. These two spectacular asses were all
we. had to break, the presbytirian gleam of
an otherwise drab and dreary existence. Now
that they are gone all is dark indeed. We
shall sorely miss the raucous and frequently
rpontaneous racket of the two of them. No
wonder Lodge wept copiously over "Teddy'eM
demise. And the.floodgates of our weep are
opened doubly wide over the loss of these
two Dromios of flamboyant, noisy and other-
vise spectacular performance.
IT Is beyond human reason Jhat the common people of any country, the exploited
and tortured victims of class rule and clans
robbery, could be driven like so many cattle
to the shambles of slaughter and devasta'*
tu>n, as has been the case during the last
four years, were-tt not for the fact that they
���were deliberately lied to and kept, In total
ignorance of the objects and purposes of
the brutal and bloodthirsty rulers and ruffians who directed the slaughter. To keep
the masses In Ignorance l�� the first duty
of governments, for It Is by no other token
that their continued rule and robbery can
we assured. In all the era of rule and rob-
fcery and devastation and slaughter, that has
cursed the earth for the last hundred centuries, never has the diabolical art of falsehood, deoelt and downright lying been
brought to such a pinnacle .if perfection as
during-the last decade, and more particularly during' the last four years. Every pretense that has yet been made m Justification of the wholesale' slaughter that has
numbered Its victims by the teas of millions,
baa been a lie. Every profession ef motives
kss diabolical and sordidly vulgar than that
of murder, robbery and rapine, naa been
but canting humbug. Every edict ef "author-
It y has been made, not for the reasons
usually so brazenly and Impudently set forth,
but for reasons and, purpose entirely contrary thereto.
* WW
It Isa common boast that the won-i wn?
t ever before so blessed with means f* the
wide dissemination of information. Never before was It possible to give to all the -world,
a record of the events of the world each day
ar they occur. With the cable lines- underneath the oceans, with the continents spider
webbed, with telegraph and telephone wire*,
.with the wireless stations everywhere flash-,
tea their messages from shore to shore and
continent to continent and with highly organised   news  gathering  agencies  alert la
t\try land, a full account of all Important
happenings throughout the ear*1- are bro-ight
to the breakfast table of every inquiring citizen of *aU civilized lands. At least that te the
way it Is related to us, and that is the way
it actually Is, if we are to believe even one-
half of what we are told. But is It true?
Are we really Informed as to What is occurr-
���ng in the various countries o* the earth, rr
are we misinformed? Are we given tin truth
in all cases, or are we frequently lied to outright or led astray through misrepresentation? Do we know anything even now about
the Internal affairs and conditions of other
countries, that we can rely on as beta.; the
truth?. Is It not a fact that we kna# h^xt
to nothing about what is going on among
the people Of bur owrt land, outside th* narrow limits of our own personal acquaintance
and observation? hi It not a fact that we
are fad dally with pure and unadulterntyl
falsehood* regarding the thoughts and doing*
of. area oar own fellow countrymen In o*h*r
provinces andjptowns, or are kept In i.<n��..r-
once thereof through deliberate suppression
*' fhe ae.w��2 It Is undoubtedly true that
ae*w were" the facilities so great for the
gathering and disseminating of Information
and news, but It Is.also as undoubtedly true
that the facilities for gathering and disseminating that which is false and misleading
were also never eo great as now, and the
control and operation of those facilities are
in the hands of that class In human society
whose interests are conserved only by rule
and robbery, and which necessitated the hold-
tag of the Working class in ignorance of how
and when and where the trick is turned upon
them. It might be permissible to remark
right here/ that like all other fsrf* of the
hiduftria! and plunder mechanism of the
ruling class, that for the dissemination of
misinformation and falsehood ban been designed for that especial purpose and for
that purpose alone, as far as Its application
to the service of the slave class Is concerned.
. It .would be the heighth of presumption to
expect it to be used for the purpose of bringing any truth to the slaves of class rule,
that might in any manner prove dangerous
to their rulers and masters.
* ,* w
Perhaps the most transparent piece of,
government humbug in all its achievements
hi that hne is the Censorship, that tt has
long since become so fashionable to establish
i-pon the slightest" occasion that may affright
the gentle souls of rulers and other ruffians
of that ilk. Every country Involved la the
glorious war, that uncorked its glory la 1914,
immediately set up a censorship, for the alleged purpose of preventing any Information being printed and disseminated that
"might be of military value to the enemy."
ir any mors childish excuse could >be given
tt has not yet been discovered. With all the
means and avenues for gatheringvnewe and
spreading the same, hi the hands of tad
rulers of the various nations and their military ruffians, it Is apparent that no sucft information could stand much of a chance Of
reaching any place where it was not wanted
to go by the rulers. This continent being
some 2.000 miles or more from the European
enemy and none of the means of news transmission, upon this side of the water being In
his hands, Is quite enough to give the lie to
the. pretense that'the .censorship was set
up for any such purpose. The censorship of
Canada has been made to cover the banning
of Scientific and other publications that by
no stretch of the imagination could, have anything to do with the enemy, either by revealing to him military secrets or bringing
any other comfort to his no doubt dirty soul.
The War has now been over for'some weeks,
bnt the censorship is vstill on. There is no
enemy left, unless It be the Bolshevik!, te
���whom military secrets could be revealed by
some petty little country weekly perhaps,
that never had above 200, subscribers" and
not a copy of which ever went Into any more
dangerous and seditious neighborhood than
Me reading rooms of the senate and House
of Commons at Ottawa. It is quite evident
that the censorship was never established la
Canada for any such childish purpose an
that of preventing matter of military^ ���alua
to the enemy from reaching him. It was not
set up for. the purpose of preventing anything being published and circulated fat Canada from bringing aid and comfort to hie
diabolical highness, the Germna Kaiser. This
dcminion is altogether too far from Kaiser
land to admit of such silliness a* thatbeing t
.resorted to except as a flimsy excuse. And
besides all that, we hare no authentic evidence that the kaiser ever heard of Canada
or knows where It is. Bat we do know that
the censorship has been used to prevent information coming rata Canada and at still
so need. We know that papers aad other
printed matter that are not Interfered with
in other countries are banned from entering this dominion, and the only inference is
that the censorship Is being used to prevent
people of this country from gaining -know*.
ledge and Information in retard to glbat ri|
occurring in other parts of the eaJth. In
other words It is a means of aiding in keeping the people in ignorance qf what ia going
on in the world, or at least ignorant of what
the rulers of this land do not wish them to
know. We hare not yet heard of the censorship-being used to prevent the dissemination
of the most glaring falsehoods regarding not
only the Russian revolutionists and those of
other lands, bnt also the moat brssea falsehoods about the activities of the workers of
various parts of the Dominion of Canada. No
censorship was ever yet established by the,
ruling class against falsehood-and misrepresentation. It is a ruling class weapon, against
the truth. v THURSDAY
January If, l��lt
Returned Soldiers Have a Rod In
* *
t*. * *
Pickle for the Profiteering Pirates
Profiteer* who have been hiding
behind the flag will not have easy
���ailing, a few months hence, according to a soldier who recently
returned from France.
"There Is one kind of newn that
riles every 'soldier���to know that
sonie dastardly creatures are making great sums of money by Illegally, soueesing the government and
the people at home for whom you
are giving your life, if necessary,
arouses a feeling that you can't describe except that you despise and
hate the traitors.
"When a group of soldiers got together over there, with nothing to
do but talk, which wasn't often,
some One was almost sure to bring
up this f "Subject of the profiteers.
Well, I think if some of theae profiteers could have heard what the
rank and file fighting men (not the
professional -soldler-pouticlans) are
planning to do to them when they
get home they'd pack their kits and
hike out in a hurry for some far-
off neutral land.
"No, mere is no concerted movement. Such things are not known
in the army. But'the men I met
all feel alike on.this one sore theme.
They all look upon profiteering as
"This thing has burned Into their
ynry souls.      They    won't  forget!
The profiteers will not get by with'
their game much longer.",.
-,. ,       1
*'  u i.i  i'.      ii   11 ii      i      ���
Office: 680 Homer street. Telephone number: Seymour ��205.
w    it    Tflf v
When you read this copy of The
Star pass it on to a teUow workman.
���fir   *   *"'
The Star management will specialize in bundle orders, for educational work along working class
political lines. The bundle-order
rata has been fixed at I cents per
copy.   Order a bundle.
There are three daily papers, and
a score or more weeklies and
monthly publications in Vancouver,
all ready and willing to fight for
and defend capitalism, with all that
that implies.
it   it   w
The subscription price' of The
Sou is higher than working class
papers are in the habit of charging.
In addition to the dozens of excuses
generally given in such eases, It is
the desire of the publishers to secure sufficient revenue, from circulation alone to make "it possible to
keep the sheriff at bay without the
sale of half of its columns as advertising spaee.
The present sice and form of The
Star appeals to the manager and
editor as much handier than the
usual alx. seven or eight-column
productions.^ jijLater on. after Star
readers have had an opportunity to
judge, it the standard-slsed paper is
fhon*   Seysaew*  XSA-i
Salt*  SOt   Dominion   Bids.
- Vancouver. B. O.
preferred, the change can easily be
made.      Meantime     patrons    and
friends can look forward to seeing jyaits on
the  present eight  pages  increased
to  twelve  or sixteen  at an early
w   a   it s ���
The number system will be used
on The Star's mailing list That is
to say, instead of being sold by the
year it' will be by. the issue, the
number' on the address label indicating when the subscription expires, rhther than the ante. Send
along any amount you wish���and
your address label will be changed
accordingly. It is much simpler
book-keeping than the old way.
Bundlelbrder address labels will
show the number of papers mailed
in addition to expiry number,
;���.���-it  -'- ���-
Oh, i'es, indeed!
"No One,"  said Lloyd Cieonto
few weeks ago, to a deputation
British'manufacturers, "ever dreamt^ment?
of continuing the present system of
government* control after the war.
He quite agreed that, the war being
over, the present Absolutely necessary Interference in business by the
state must disappear/'
. v �� -&���.-'",���������   r
"Wherever a set of people claim
political domination within a nation,
whenever men Imagine themselves
predestined to be the guardians of
a nation; wherever a caste tries to
monopolize the political and economic forces of society to employ them
for purposes of Its own, without regard for the interest of the rest of
the nation, there we have Junker-
Perry <& Dolk
' Leber Temple
The Labor Star
580 Homer Street,
Vancouver, B. C.
Enclosed find $..
of The Star at the rate of 4 cents per issue.
Name ��� ~~
���for which send me..
Compelled by the policy of violence practised, by (he Imperialism
of all the world, the Soviet Republic' Is marshalling its forces for resistance against the growing demands of the robber packs of international capital, and it looks to the
Inevitable rebellion of the working
classes for the solution of the question of h/>w the nations can live
peacefully together.
it   it   it.
The Soviet Republic has declared
war upon war, not only-in words
but also in deeds; and In doing so
it formally and in the name ot the
working masses' of Russia announced Its complete renunciation
of all efforts at conquest and annexation, as well as all thought of
oppressing small nations.
By  no  other    nationality la the
equality of women so generally recognized as In   Finland   among   the
. ���. > www.
"The social order that means
social sanity and health and peace,
tbe jnan In overalls. No
man of the hour* will ever artse/to
savig the worker from the conditions
Which he himself must change."
'   ( it   it   it
'"The      average     worker      must
achieve   a  degree    of    intellectual
freedom    before    any    of  ua  can
achieve  economic  freedom."
. -    .' it   it   it    ��� '�� :."'
"Slave of the Wheel of Labor,
What to    htm are    Plato and the
swing of Pleiades?
What the long reaches of the peaks
of song?
The   rift \ of   dawn~��the   reddening
,      of the rose?" -
The federal antl-lofing ukase'has
been suspended. This because enforced loafing has become chronic
among the workers throughout
Canada. Now why not an order-
in-council   for     enforced    employ-
The local daily press announces
an important capture by Vancouver
"Dicks." The victims were, youths
between the ages of 1 and 11. Also
a prohibition drunk. The latter was
very drunk.
. �� it *
' If prohibitionists- are sincere In
their desire to see the booze eliminated they will insist that the government commandeer the source of
supply and thereafter manufacture
and sell the product at the cost ot
production. Without the element of
profit there would be no Incentive
for boot-legging; The banishment
of the bar .has been a good thing
for the workers. With clear brains
they are now expending their energy
in securing '<��� concessions from th*
bo*a. And to think, too, the bosses
dug up the campaign fund!
The Actino Optical Institutes Ltd*
602-13 OBPHEUM BLDO., Granville Street
1 In order to allow Dr. Jordantmbre time to. devote to literary and
'   scientific work, the direction of the Institute Is now in the hands
ot Dr. Arthur Piercy, F.S.M.C., London, Eng., who has for some
time been studying Dr. Jordan's methods.
f Patients desiring the personal attention of Dr. Jordan must make
special appointment. ���,
1 The following works, by A. McKay Jordan, can be obtained at Jhe
above address:
Actino-Ocular Therapeutics  .
The Book of The One Law :
Others In process ot preparation.
..Price f .50
..Price   2.00
Uevo>"*'-a are not made, they
c>ni< .revolution Is as natural" a
greipifras an oak. It comes out of
the' past its foundations are laid
far back.r���Wendell Phillips,
"If the workers refuse to use their
voting power Intelligently, whom
can they blame for their lack of influence in all public affairs? Influence and power must be acquired, they must be conquered, they
are not given."
�� a w
"We have been fighting to make
the world safe for democracy, and
we are glad to,see that the Euro-
peons have been caught by the
spirit of democracy and are now
busy to embody it Into social institutions. You kno%��BwNBBilt',by its
manifestations only, and the most
beautiful theories derive their value
and significance from their aof^aV
application to the affairs of our
practical lite" , ���
"tit       tV       &
"It Is not the people in any country that are trying to crush the
freedom of the press. That is the
"work of the ruling class and their
political agents. Neither was the
freedom of the press given or granted by the rajlng class and* their
political agents. Read what the
great British statesman, Disraeli,
had to say on this subject: The
free press was toot granted by monarch* it was not gained for us by
aristocracies: but it sprang from
the people, and. with an immortal
instinct, it has always worked for
the people.",
w   it   A
" Whom the godanrould destroy,
they first make mad.' This saying
of the ancients to etui true���that Is.
the essential meaning of it to true.
The possession ot Vreatth and power
and the greediness for more deprive
men of the ability to form correct
Judgments a��3 to see things tn their
proper relationship to one another:
They see only what they desire to
see. and thus they are led to actions
which do "viotence to the laws-of
common sense and��rea*on and ultimately bring about the ruin of their
Taking <;are of your teeth
is not an extravagance
.. --���
���diet away front the idea that you ate ������saving**���
- when defect* appear in your teeth ���by  putting off
elvlng immediate attention to Um��e.
s>   , . I / *
Keeping your teeth in good condition means comfort, health
and a pleasing personal appearance���three things we all want. Is
money spent for such a purpose extravagance? "
Defects m teeth develop���grow more extensive���daily! fa tb*>
end "they will compel you to visit a dentist. la It not real economy
to attend to them right at the start���when the work is slight and
the expense lowest? .        ��t
^ ���
Let me examine your tecUi as soon as defects develop. Ill tell
jou, what should be done���how much the work will cost.
Victory    Bonds    taken    In    exchange for dental work.
X-Ray     Films    taken ��� 10-year
guarantee given.
60S Hastings Street West
Office Open Tuesday and Friday Evenings Until S:C0 ��'Clock
r     r ,  Til,
Union Blue Label
' "ii
These Cigars are made from the highest
grades of Imported Tobacco grown, and
are made under the most sanitary conditions in tfatriotly union factory.
Any honest connoisseur of .
tell you that they are the Cigar of Cigars.
For Sale Everywhere
If   your   dealer   hasn't   got   them,   write
D. JT. ELMER, 3U s Alberta St., Vancouver
�� -7"������
Weeklies ��
Printers to
The Star
Terminal Publishers
tind Typesetters
Vancouver, B. 0. PAQE FOUK
; tJHjJMjiii BtaBaMnWataMiBaH
January U. ltll
���ai   i      i . -���*,��� ��� .MI.I H.ii ��������� ���e> ���.n ��_  .������ ^y p
liberty and civilization." they
i wcuiy of the opinion that their
cause could not be properly .furthered and
liberty auu civilization be made safe and secure, except by annexations of territory and
payment of Indemnities to be exacted from
those other equally valiant champions of
liberty, democracy and civilization, their
imaginary enemies. These eojiuiu*. during
.those troublous momenta, were vociferously
emphatic and quite noisily persisteni in asserting the absolute disinterestedness of
their motives. In so far as material things of
this world are concerned, and actually made
the welkin ring with voluminous asseverations of their'eternal devotion only to the
sacred and noble cause of "safeguarding'
hberty, establishing Justice and preserving
civilization." against the murderous assaulU
sad wicked designs of their apparent
enemies, bnt really allies la libarty*�� cause.
That they were really allies to clearly shown
by their mutual confession of being engaged
in battling tor liberty and civilisation. Battling far the same thug they could-not be
enemies, and it to not exactly clear how they
could have fallen into the error of ever
Imagining themselves as such. And It was
a really delightful sight to witness the emphatic renunciation of all worldy ambitions
dealing with matters of territory, indemnities and other similar vulgar things, by
the Entente disciples of liberty, democracy
and civilisation..and their fervent embraee-
ment of the soulful doctrine of "self-determination" for small nations, "no annexations and no indemnities" for the big ones,
the death of autocracy, the "destruction of
militarism, and the world made safe for
democracy." Aad thus did hitherto sordid
nations rise above the vulgarity of empire
over material things and enter the kingdom
of righteousness, where spirituality aad purity of purpose become the supreme riches
4    Carealele    and    laferpretatloa    ef    liseel,
Natloaal and  Intrraatlons* Carrent Kvrata
Kw,��i   the   Workers'   Vlewgssst .
l���*4    by     The    Star    i'ahliaalajr     Coaapany
R.   T.   KINOSLET   ......
.   Editor
Offices 880 Has*** SI.
(UppoHite iMhor Temple)
Adverttalag Hatea ���:.  Application
In bundle 0>��
order*     OV.
Br stall   4g�� �����*>* Pin,
per suite **. eopies irt
NO 2
���If this number Is on your address
label your subscription expires
with next issue.  Renew promptly.
Vancouver, B. C, Thursday, January 10, 1919
HE LABOR STAR has no apologies to
make for Its appearance in the newspaper world. It will be an instrument of
the working class In its struggle tor freedom
from the tyranny and exploitation of eapl-
tal. It will fearlessly hew to the class line let
'.he chips ef truth fall where they will.
* * ������>..-.-',
The manager, editor and associate writers
.are aot without experience in the Labor
movement of Western Canada. . Having
made, about all the mistakes possible, in the
past, an endeavor will be made to avoid
some of them during the stirring events of
the future.
ww    w
Special attention will  be devoted to the I of the human soul, and the individual does
discussion of local, national and
tional events from the -viewpoint of the
workers. The imperative necessity of independent political action upon the part pf the
workers will be emphasized, as the only
solution of present-day economid problems, providing a basis to start from in the
process of "reconstruction."
ww *
After Feb. 1st The Labor Star will be issued weekly. As soon as warranted,' It will
be made a semi-weekly. The Star will try to
make a place for itself by deserving the support of that portion of the working class believing primarily in independent political
; __ *���;���i���;���  ���
**|">HERE never was a war fought In all
history that waa not waged in the name
���*��� ot liberty. Either side to these delectable and edifying struggles always Outvies
the other in loyalty and devotion to her most
glorious cause and points the accusing finger
at it* adversary as the enemy of civilisation
and the curse of humanity? The legions of
Ronaajwere never sent forth upon marauding
expeditions in search of plunder/ except with
liberty as their slogan. The barbarian hordes
never raided Roman territories, that they
did not do so with the cry of liberty upon
their lips. In all the bloody wars of Europe
from the collapse of Roman civilization down
to the present, the resounding slogan of alt
the combatants has always been, "liberty."
The armies of Napoleon fought for liberty;
Wellington and his minions fought tor
nothing short of that. The bloody butchery
of Crimea was pulled off in her sacred name,
and both sides to the combat were as a unit
in so affirming. Britain has conquered and
held half the earth���including India���In the
name of liberty. The rebellious colonies of
America fought for their independence from
her brutal rule, in the name of liberty, and
Britain as stubbornly fought for, liberty in
order to prevent it. In 1881 %�� the United
States the North and the. South both fought
for liberty, and in 1870 France and Germany
did the same thing. The Boer war, the
Spanish-American, the Jap-Russian, and a
lengthy list of lesser ones, each and all
marked an undying seal, upon the part of
all the participants, to further the cause of
liberty, utterly regardless of all discomforts
that might fall to their respective tote In
the glorious struggle.
*"- *." * s
And then eame the great war of 1914,
the most stupendous spectacle ever pulled
off on behalf of liberty in all the history of
blood and butchery, and area the moat
biased observer will be compelled to admit,
that each and every one of the numerous
national combatants has been actuated solely by an overwhelming desire to preserve
and extend the liberty of all the people ef
the world aad safeguard civilisation against
the sinister and deadly Influences that might
wickedly seek io destroy Ifc, . Each and every
one of the-combatant nations has affirmed
and repeatedly reaffirmed its loyalty and devotion to that noble and very commendable
purpose. And where there far sUch an emphatic unanimity of affirmation, who is
���here among us so dull as not to be convinced of the nobility of purpose and the
deep sincerity of the efflrraees. both singly
and collectively?
*   a ' w    '
But, strange to say, when the Central Empires were still In fine fettle and evidently
thought  they were winning the battle far
teraa-" norhav* to watt untU death to become pos-
���  of bis allotment.    'Twas than that
nations found their "soul," as some poetic
dope fiends have so succinctly get forth.
i*    *    *
The Ode does not always run aaa
way. Id-do* time it turna This to as true
ot the tide of war as it to of that of the "salt
chuck." When the tide eventually turned
against the Central Empires aad the star of
the Entente was In the ascendant, although
still bravely battling for liberty the Central
Empires began to lose faith la the virtue of
annexations and indemnities as a means to
firmly secure liberty to a distracted world,
and as their case became more and more
hopeless that loss of faith became to time
transformed Into a fixed aad firm conviction.
This change of face, however, we* aot generally considered as anything particularly
startling by the rest of the world, for it had
become a widely accepted conviction that
the wicked "Bun" wss nothing but a hypocrite at the best, and his change of face
was attributed entirely to bis change of
fortune. But, strange to say, whU*
the "Hun" has evidently lost faith la
the efficacy of vulgar material acquire-,
menu as an aid to the securing of liberty to
the world and the peoples thereof, his
doughty erstwhile antagonists' of the spiritual empire of soulful uplift have either
backslid or fallen over the battlements and
landed oa their feet in a sordid swam* ad
grossly material substance. Having lost their
lately found "sou*" they are now become
ardent champions of such base aad sordid
ambitions as the seizing ot territory by force
and the collecting of plunder under the
fascinating cognomen of Indemnities. No
more nonsense about "self-determination of
smaU nations." No more misleading piffle
about "no annexations." No more meaningless twaddle about "no Indemnities.'' No
more laying aawke nights over the
faillty of "Uberty" being destroyed. No
concern about the salvation ot "democracy."
No more humbug about the "destruction of
Just as his change of fcrtaaa estoetss) a
corresponding change In the convictions Of
the "Hnn" regarding the plundering of hto
neighbors, so has the ctoflhge of fortune
With taa Entente Allien effected a complete
change ot conviction in regard to the same
noble purpose. "at the beginning of the war
the "Hun" aaa be accused of wearing (to
mask of hypocrisy in regard to his intention
to seise plunder wherever he could lay 'fat*
hand* upon It When the tide of war turned
against him he camouflaged that intention
fay mean* of tbe garb of hypocrisy. He pretended to be opposed to plunder in nay
form. So long as the tide of war appeared
to be against the other side to the noble
controversy, those gallant champions of
liberty and democracy, those nations that
"found- their souls." noisily and hypo-
critically avouched the parity of their pur-
jpese and their unshakable opposition to "annexations and Indemnities." They Nvere
pledged to oppose plunder in any and all
fcrms. That It was ail sham and hypocrisy
is clearly attested by their every act and
word, since the tide of war turned in their
favor. At the forthcoming "peace conference" they will undoubtedly strip the last
shred of decency from their hypocritical
pretenses of the last four years, aad stand
clothed in the naked shamelessness that to
and has always been the only legitimate aad
befitting garb of rulers throughout all history. And it is good that hypocrisy should
unmask Itself, for then It will be well done.
WHEN it comes down to the matter ef
finance tt to the veriest impudence
for common dubs to pretend that they
know anything about It,   It to for that rea-
��� that we quite,, properly alt with due
humility M the feeb-of those Who are, by
virtue of long practice and peculiar fitness,
duly qualified - to expounasiafae intricacies Of
the art of finance, and drink in their words
of wisdom with a' thankfulness eminently
befitting the occasion. For who should be,
or could be, qualified to apeak with authority
upon such a weighty subject except those
who have given it a life study Most' assuredly no Wfge animal or horny-handed
tiller of the soil could accumulate any knowledge worth while to regard to how to make
payment for wealth produced and said, when
there to nothing oa earth with which to make
such payment, or bow to become rich by
accumulating figures that represent nothing
but  wealth   which has  been produced and,   eniorcea oy me    iron neer   ot goverunvm.
consumed,  leaving nothing behind bnt the r��ne need Dut follow the utterances of the
figures aforesaid and a leaa and hungry look
upon the visage and a bad taste to the
mouth of those who produced the wealth.
For sound Information  upon finance It  to
to go direct to the  fountain-head   of
wisdom, the Bankers'  Association
its staff of financial, experts. By so
doing we may be sure of obtaining a correct
Insight into how and why the nations of the
world become the richer the more they are
la debt; how wealth may be amassed by
the accumulation of figures that represent
nothing but debt that can never ha paid;
and how It to that great fortunes are possible to spite of the fact that all the wealth
that to produced tat the world to totally consumed as fast as tt to produced. .
��� * *
Thomas W. Lamont, of J. Y. Morgan ��s
Co., to-Chairman of foreign securities committee of Investment Bankers' Association.
Now Thomas must be a very competent
financial sharp in order to hold down so
Important a post with that aggregation of
financial wolves. No further argument or
evidence to requisite to establish the competency of Thomas than the vary fact that
he holds such aa Important position. At
tbe recent convention of the "Bankers' Association" Thomas unloaded a voluminous
cargo of financial wisdom of the choicest
quality. He lucidly pointed out that the
fortunes of the war for democracy had converted the United States from a "debtor
ration" to the tune ot some 14,000.000,000.
to a "creditor nation" to the still happier
tune of 110,000,000.000. And Thomas prognosticates that the tremendous mass of foodstuffs, materials for reconstruction, etc, that
Kurope will require tor years to come will
assure a "trade balance" in favor ot the
United States, of at least 11.600,000.000 per
year. "How is such an enormous annual
indebtedness to be settled ?' asks Thomas.
To which he cleverly makes answer, that
"there Is no possible way, except, through
continued and heavy investment by America
to foreign obligations, public and private. If
the world is to move en; if its people are
to be housed and,fed and clothed; if rich
America to to de her full share in rendering
these services, we shall have to lend to, and
in foreign countries on a scale that, five
yean ago we had never even conceived possible."' In other words the only way that payment can be made to by extending the payment Indefinitely. Either Thomas' explanation means that or it means nothing. It seems
that all that happened through the United
States bringing home or "absorbing" that
nearly t4.000.000.000 of debt that wag held
abroad to that Instead of such debt now being
held against American railways and other
concerns by foreigners tt is now held by
American brigands of tbe same ilk. No in-
debtness has been wiped off the slate. AU of
that of debt still remains, and
tbe American end of the financial octopus
has added thereunto at least another $10.-
000,000,000 of debt against foreigners, the
very interest upon which cannot even be met
except by contracting additional debt to that
amount And by this very lucid explanation
Thomas makes clear all that there la to the.
mysterious monkey business of finance). Products cannot be taken from the prouui
end anything like payment be made, for the
very simple reason that there la nothing
outside of the products. themselves with
which such payment could be made. All subsequent transactions relating to those products must be purely matters of credit. They
cannot be sold and paid tor, any more
easily than they could be stolen and paid
for in the first tostanas. In neither ease could
there be anything wherewith to make pay-
meat. That to self evident, though perhaps
act to Thomas, the financial expert.
' * * * ;���;
And that to all there to or can be to what
in euphoniously termed finance. It to all
credit flimflam. All investments, currency,
bonds, stocks, loans, mortgages, debentures,
ere merely debts against the future. There
to nothing behind them all except the more
or less desperate gamble that the future will
continue to come through with the tribute
the holder* thereof expect to garner. And
tbt continual coming through with that tribute does aot lessen the debt one fata. It to
immortal. It never dlea It can only be disposed of by repudiation. While it to termed
capital and to supposed to be an aid to production, the vary plain truth of the matter
b) that tt represents nothing but a part of
the wealth that has been previously taken
away from tbe producers and for which they
got nothing in return. It to held as an order
upon future production and we are all carefully taught that it constitutes a solemn obligation which the future fa honorably bound
to meat to return for something the past to
supposed to have sacrificed. By some it to
fervently believed that all of this financial
junk, this Investment, money, loans, bank
recounts, and other; credit flimflam, to the
v. ell earned "fruit of "saving and, abstinence"
upon the part of the holders, thereof. It to
oli a Ue. It refresents nothing of the sort.
It to made up of the figures left behind,out
of the plunder of the producers of the past
The only "abstinence" that has entered Into
the accumulation of this co-called "wealth"
or "capital" to the enforced "abstinence" of
the producers from all participation In the
enjoyment.of the products of their labor,
an "abstinence" that has been aad still to
enforced by the "iron heel" of government
great financiers and their Journalistic mouthpieces tor become fully aware of the fact
that the magnitude of the world's wealth,
as expressed by the figure* of tovestmenta
bank clearings, trade balances, loans and
capital generally, has become so great that
the entire breaking down of the whole flimsy
structure of Impossible debt to imminent
That it is Impossible is becoming painfully
apparent to more than one of the Investing
class, for it is becoming next to impossible o
to longer And the additional markets and
opportunities for new tovestmenta, upon
which the continuation of the ridiculous
game of skinning slaves in production and
selling the proceeds on credit dependa One
striking evidenee of this to to be found In
the practically unanimous conviction among
the high priests of trade, commerce and Investment that the years Immediately before
out are to be years of the moat intense competitive struggle for markets and Investments the world ever saw. And the ruling
class world to in terror lest the world Bol-
sheviki too seriously interferes with the delightful prospect
The value of mineral products mined in
the United States in 1917, according to the
Geological Survey, was 16.010,948.000. As
this would be equivalent, to $60 per head
or $200 per family for the-population ot
tbe country, tt would almost.seam as though
everybody la tbe country should be fairly
well supplied. No family or person should
be short of Iron, copper, lead, coal aad
petroleum, under such a generous production as that And yet there are hundreds
who eaa draw no lesson from such figures '���
of production aa expressed in the above.
1 he simple fact to that no family could
use, for any legitimate and essential pur-
rose. $200 worth of mineral, even at war
prices, la a decade, 'let alone in a stogie
year. And yet there are so-called Socialists
galore who firmly believe that the free society they expect to Inaugurate hi the future
.can and must be predicated upon the gigantic industrial production of. present day
capitalism. With these earnest souls all that
will be necessary to bring the Elysium to to
figuratively decapitate the capitalists and
then everything will be lovely and the goose ?
will hang high.   They had better guess again,
* *     *
The Christian Science Monitor to distinctly
Ir. a class by Itself, as the most viciously
poisonous and Intentionally deadly and venomous production of Its baneful kind la
existence. ��� True to its food source it to
especially vicious In dealing with the ad-
Vance guard of real democracy and human
progress, the Bolshevik! movement of Russia and the world at large. In venomous
reference to a recent Socialist meeting held
ot Chicago, this delectable sheet declared
"this gathering cheered for Bolshevism, the
worst expression of lawlessness aad brutality the modern world has known." If
the Bolshevik! of the entire world can pun
oe an expression of "lawlessness and brutality" upon a more efficient aad stupen- .
dous scale than the ruling class effort of
the last four years it will certainty be a
manifestation of efficiency. Initiative aad
genius that will at least do credit to all the
teachings of ruling class history la that very
commendable art Aad that it to a vary
commendable art may be readily seen., far
If 'lawlessness and brutality" were eliminated from the- ruling claw stock-in-trade
there would be nothing left It to the breath
of life to ruling clam noetrito.
* *    w
About the middle of the sixth century.
Hilderic. the Vandal Prince of the African
kingdom, being' too much of a man of peace
to suit the "soldiers aad even the common
people, was ousted from hto Job by Gllde-
mer who seised tbe throne. Justinian was
upon the throne of the eastern empire at
Constantinople at the time. The ire of Justin ton waa tensed at the action of Glide-
roer in ousting Hilderic and the two at once
prepared for glorious war, each against the
kingdom of the other. Gibbons,, In 'The
Decline and Fall ot the Roman Empire,"
naively, remarks, that "the war was preceded, according to the practice of ctviltoed
nations, by the most solemn protestations
that each party waa sincerely desirous of
peace."    It may be noted that this "prac
tle* of civilized nations" to still la vogue.
i. January It. ill*
WHAT IS tbe real significance of
trade and commerce? What bearing
does the trade and traffic in the products of human labor have upoa tbe welfare
and well being of those who do the world's
work? Dow this trade, traffic and commerce
serve to in any manner enhance the comfor;
and well being of tbe producers of all
wealth? Does tt make it any easier for them
to make a living than would be the case if
such institutions, schemes and performances
did not exist? It there any ground for assuming that trade and commerce are at all nec-
ewary la order to safeguard the existence of
the people of any country on earth? Can or
do any working people anywhere live by
tiade and commerce? These are questions
that may well command the attention of all
workers, and if tt b* found that the producers of wealth can gain nothing through trade
aad commerce the' sooner they get busy in
devising ways and m*an�� to get rid ot the
unnecessary burden, tbe better for themselves and their fellows in all lands.
* W *
Tbe fact to that trade and commerce. La.,
traffic to the products of labor to not carried
oa by the workers themselves, but by others
who by some more or lew mysterious process
come Into possession of tbe thing* that are
traded in. The first requisite of trade to that
the producers of the things to bs traded In
must be dispossessed of those things. Now
it would not be an easy matter to dispossess
a fre* man of the things that he requires
for hto own use and which he has obtained
hrough hi* own efforts. But a slave can be
dispossessed of that which he brings forth
by his labor. Therefore It became necessary
to first deprive the producers of wealth of
their freedom, before the things they produced could be taken from them, either for
the purposes of trade or any other. Once
the producers of food and othjr necessary
things are enmeehed in th* chains of slavery,
aad. are therefore separated from any further control over their means of life. It becomes an easy matter for their rulers and
masters to turn their productive efforts into
such channels and tow specialize their individual skill along narrow trade lines w to
render It ever more difficult for them to
break away from the bonds then* masters
have thus forged for them. No living creature
can exceed in helplessness the human animal
who has been trained all his life to do but
one specific thing In the great industrial processes of this slav* civilization. He may be
a good machinist, engineer, electrician, carpenter, or machine tender of1 any kind, but
If that to all he knows how to do. It becomes
almost impossible for him to even entertain
the possibility of being able to exist by any
other means. To him the present system
of exploitation, trade and commerce seems
the most natural and logical thing In existence, tor how could he live without it? And
I every man, woman and child lives solely
upon the products of, the soil, and not from
anything brought forth by means of trade
and commerce or any of the gigantic enginery that makes trade and commerce .possible. No food, clothing or shelter to produced by trade and commerce. It to all pro-"
duwd by the labor of human hands and
never appears to the channel* of trade until
It has first been taken from the producers,
and that too without payment for there Is
nothing and can be nothing to pay with. As
.all that enters into the market of the world
to produced by labor and by labor alone, no
further explanation of the impossibility of
payment should be required by any one possessed of reasoning faculties.
Trade and commerce constitute the means
; whereby the rulers and exploiters of labor
w dispose of the plunder taken from their
���laves w to best conserve their Interests and
build up their empire and their fortunes.
That which they are unabto to consume in
personal and family expenses, is added to
what to euphoniously termed their capital,
thereby adding to and extending their power
over slaves and Increasing their importance
'fit the ruling class scheme of things, at least
(in their own individual imaginations. Trade,
Y  commerce, business, finance have nothing to
yAo with producing the wwlth of the world.
| except to take that wealth away from those
who do produce It and w dispose of it that
-they can never get it again. Fortunately,
perhaps, far the masters and rotors
of the prewnt age the great bulk of
that which to produced to of such a character
that the slaves could under no clrcumstancw
have any UW whatsoever for tt and conw-
quently there to na danger of their making
any attempt to regain    possession thereof.
- Outside of the production of food, clothing,
shelter and the remaining few really essential things of life, there to little produced
thew days that need arouse the cupidity even
of a slave, let alone a free man. Probably
mare than three-quarters of all that to produced today Is w completely useless to the
wealth producers as were the pyramids of
ancient Egypt to the captive slave* whose
tabor erected them. And by Its very nature
It would continue to be equally useless, under
whatever clrcumstancw of ownership and
control might prevail.
w w ���
The wise guya and the great captains, ef
Industry, trade and commerceadn all Mads
are sitting up nights trying to find ways and
means of extending the trade and commerce
of their respective countries Immediately
upon the heels of the great war. And there
to logical reason for this earnest quest for
new and additional markets. That reason to
not to be found, however, to any need upoa
the part of the real producers of wealth in
these countries, but lies solely to that of
the exploiting and slave driving interest* of
their ruler* and master*. Stoves can not be
kept busy, aad therefore docile, unless tbe
products of their tabor can ha disposed of
properly and profitably. There to a very
serious aad threatening spirit of revolution
in the air throughout the world today, and
untow sufficient activity can be infused "into
the industrial life ot the big slav* empires
of the.earth, to make it possible to keep
their slaves busy aad therefore docile and
safe, that spirit may become Irrepressible
aad even bant cut la such destructive fury
that this slave civilization and Its delectable
institutions will be destroyed. In that event
all of thetr glorious struggle to "make taa
��orld safe for democracy" wjll have gone for
naught; all their heroism will have fawn to
vain. Aad w they are all turning eager eyes
towards the splendid "natural resources" of
Russia aad other lands, which are there in.
tremendous volume anxiously awaiting to be
"developed" aad "exploited" by the kindly
hand of available "capital" from the gnat
national champions of liberty, democracy and
the uplift of tbe weak, the weary and the.
heavy laden among the nations of the earth.
It would bring tears of pity from a heart of
stone to know bow .the poor Russians are
longing for machinery to be brought to them
from tbe U. S., for raw materials from here,
and food from there, and a thousand and one
things from almost everywhere else, but thew
tears would be Instantly dried once it was
realized how sympathetically Inclined are the
great philanthropic nations of the democratic
uplift to attune their disinterested caudal
appendage* "to tbe plaintive cry of those who
hunger aad are sthirst for economic salvation,
more especially those who accompany their
plaintive appeals with a satisfactory assurance of financial righteousness.
* dr....:-.-'*   '
And now that the ruling class of th* whole
world baa been purged of all sordid taint by
toft heroic action to staging the greatest war
la all history; now that it has purified Its very
soul by pouring oat its .credit at a very
teasonable per cent; now that it hw made
the "supreme sacrifice" by cheerfully imolat-
ing eleven millions of Its slaves upon the
bloody altar of Mars and with equal cheerful-
new has crippled, maimed and made miserable
twice as many more; how that it has bid all
unworthy motives begone and hw found its
soul, that everybody had long supposed waa
irretrievable lost let those, who either through
siothfulness or dull perversity have hitherto
refused to receive the spiritual uplift that can
only come through the "development of their
resources" and th* acceptance of tbe financial
end commercial doctrine of the true capitalist
faith, repeat While there 1* yet time. Let them
come unto the slaughter. Let -them embrace
the true religion. Let them be taught to work.
Let them be truly civilized aad properly
trimmed out of all they produce, so that In
time they may experience the same supreme
beatitude of the slaves to all highly developed
capitalist' nations, who work for nothing,
board themselves, and pay their masters right
handsomely tor the proud privilege of so
doing. And in the course ot time they will attain the high level of spiritual and ethical
culture that marks the happy slave* of th*
leading nations of the earth, to time they
will be made fit sacrifice* for Immolation apou
the altar of war, whenever their owners and
master* twl th* urge of the sacrificial spirit
U to the mission of capitalism to put the yoke
ot exploitation upon the necks of all people.
It la tbe mission of trade and commerce to
ferret them out to the last man, and lead
them unto the yoke. In that lies the significance of trade. In that may be found Its real
meaning. 80 long as there are any more
people to be yet reached by trade, and thus
yoked tor exploitation, this stave civilisation
to not yet quite ready to perish through senile
dewy. But its margin of life to becoming very
narrow and the hunt far market* to getting
fiercer each day. Draw your own conclusion*
Ttne Ttngan pgnngrgw.
NB of the leading financial papers In the
United States gleefully records the fact
that the U. 8. government statistics
show that a far greater acreage of wheat
will be harvested to that country next year
than has ever fawn garnered in any previous
year. About 60.000.000 acres have been sown
to winter wheat already aad It to expected
that S6.000.00a will be Wanted to spring
wheat Tbe eondittoevja*?th* winter Wheat
at latest report waa 10 per cent above the
normal. The total expected crop to 1.100,-
000.000 bushels. It this expectation to real-
teed tt will mean that\ a production of at
toast 10 bushels per head for the entire
population of the country will result As this
would bb at least twice the amount actually
required to furnish the entire population of
the country with bread far are year, it may
be wea that there will be sufficient to ax-
port to fully bread another 110.000.000
people. The matter then resolves Itself, into
tbe very simple sect that the agriculturist* ot
the U. B. Will tura tflto the market daring
1M�� enough wheat to fully fwd all the balance of the population, a* weft w themselves,
aad aa equal quantity for the people of other
Aad what arc the prsduow* ot wheat to
the U. S. to get for that which they will turn
over tor the use of other people? What are
thaw wheat producers to receive for that
which they bring forth for the feeding of
other people, either inside the great republic
or outside of tt? The answer simply* to that
they will get nothing. That to all that enslaved aad exploited always get whether
tnelr exploitation be effected by chattel slave
masters, feudal lords, or capitalists. Thew
producers will. It to true, receive - certain
promises to pay. la return far that which
they sell in the market, but thew "promises
will depaad solely for their redemption upon
other slaves being likewtoe exploited out of
the things that they bring faith by their
tabor. All that the producer* ot both city
aad country will get will coma aad mast
come solely from that which they Jointly
produce. And eyen theaSt will constitute but
an Infinitesimal portion of the values they
bring forth, for all th* balance of the world,
its ruling claw aad all of Its menials, depead-
ants aad hangerson, will have to b�� fed.
clothed and sheltered to each fashion as will
do credit to their exalted aad parasitic existence and station ia life All that constitutes
the ruling aad exploiting class, and all of
that vast horde of tabor whose energies arc
oonttauatty expended la the parasitic production wwnttol to ruling claw magnificence
and empire, will ha ted and otherwise provided for by thew agriculturist* aad the very
limited number of other producers of really'
essential things at Ufa. It to scarcely conceivable that awn aa much as BO per cent
of the producers of wealth to this delightful
civilization are engaged in the production of
things that are at all essential to human comfort and well being. Fully 60 per cent ot
taa worker* and probably more, aw employed solely in tit* production of ruling claw
requirement* and' paraphernalia,, a line of
production that la ao manner conserves the
Interest of the claw that to compelled to provide the tabor, te.. the enslaved victims of
Caw rata and plunder. Alleged revolutionists
and would be "reconatructlonists" are respectfully recommended to give at least a few
minutes thought to this matter before they
actually move into th* glass palaces they are
dreaming of fw the future
* * *
During i>17 the farmers of the U. 8.
turned Into the market over $22,000,000 ooo
of term product*. Besides this they fed themselves. They not only produced all the food
used by the entire population of tbe country,
but all the wool, cotton, flax, hides, etc, Aad
W though that Was not enough they brought
forth enough food to fully ration 65.000,000
Europeans, and to grain ration 28,000,000
more Aa already stated they got nothing for
doing it If services to production bad to he
paid tor there would be nelthw trad* or
commerce There would toe nothing to trade
were it not for the fact that labor ww despoiled of what it produeee It to high time
that both rural and city labor became wise
to that fact Were they wise to it they would
perhaps be somewhat less craxlly patriotic
to going out to kill aad be killed ia defence
of "our country** trade" The huge amount
turned into th* market by the farmers last
year to to be largely increased during the
next This increased acreage to wheat 1* already causing the financial and commercial
worthies to drool at the mouth to sweet anticipation of the good things to come to them
through an enlarged trade .and traffic In
plunder. Guff galore will be poured Into the
Cull ear of the hornyhonded son of toll to
Impress upon him the fact of th* very great
riches that will undoubtedly come unto him
through hto thrift Industry and foresight In
thus enlarging hto acreage of the high priced
wheat ��nd other goodies, bnt he may, and
perhaps will, to due time awake to the painful fact that he has been flimflamed, gold
bricked and taken la. But be may lay the
perhaps comforting *olace to hto weary soul
that he 1* not alone in being made the goat
of a ruling etoas civilisation. Th* wage plug
ef the city to Just w thick to the head as he.
Between them they are the buttress and bulwark of all tyranny and exploitation; they
really constitute the only good thing that
ever happened. Their continued stupidity
and ignorance constitutes the bread promise
of futurity to the class that rules aad robs
the slaves ot tbe earth in the nam* ot
��� . '. ���     w ;������'  . *
FOR AGES man has bent hto brow la
thought aad burned the midnight oil In
devising Way* aad means to names* the
force/I of nature to da hto bidding and be hto
star /This noble purpose bap been tang by
lauded by safes and blessed toy the
of God. a* the lofttast and meat worthy
Inspired the brain aad
ad the canning of that animal, that
all others, wa* made in the Image of
The glory aad the grandeur that
follow In the wake of the conquest ot
force* of nature fay man, baa long bean
the theme of the orator and the ���crib*, and
the delight* of the Elysian field* into which
humanity was to be lifted by tbe mechanism
driven by these forces, have, been painted In
vivid colors by th* prophets and seers of all
Undo aad dhow And all down through the
ages man haw struggled to realize that ambition and countless thousand* have each contributed their mite to attain that end. And
an for which thew nobl* souls struggled and
labored down through the 'agw at bat eon-
fa each a gigantic and
���'������ 'nT i-pn
cataclysmic exhibition of th* triumph of man
otmt th* force* of nature;- such a complete
harneasing of those forces to "do hto bidding
aad be hto stave," that th* very heavens war*
rant asunder aad the earth literally rocked
upon Its foundations. This grand culmination
of all the struggle* ot the agw to thus harness
the forces o* nature to do the bidding of man.
however, brought no Elysian fields where humanity frolicked to Joyous abandon midst
fruits aad flowers, but a veritable field of
carnage strewn with th* mangled remains of
millions of dead; with other counties* millions
maimed, crippled and mad* miserable, and
with vast stretches ot the earth blasted and
���w��pt w if by the v*ry flr* aad fury ot hell
* w    *
No sooner to th* wild fury of th* carnage
stilled, then th* entire world again begins to
feel the grip of the hard times and so-called
business depression that marked th* year* of
alleged peace that preceded the outburst.
From every quarter comes teles of a curtailment of industrial activity and an increasing
number of unemployed workraent. A slump
to prices accurs to on* line after another. In
spite of all efforts to prevent It wages take a
downward trend and millions begin to feel th*
pinch consequent upon a lack of employment
and a diminishing purchasing power. Frantic
efforts are put-forth by th* manufacturing,
trading and financial Interests to discover and
open up new markets In order to keep their
industries running and their profits flowing
in. All sorts of trick* and devicw in the way
of tariffs, reciprocity measures, economic
leagues, bonuses and subsidies are devised and
resorted to to order to infuse new life and
activity into the gigantic and powerful raecb.
antom of the ruling class,, that grand creation
that wa have been told ww calculated to lift
the burden of toll from human shoulders and
make of lite an idyllic dream for the sons and
daughters of men. But all to no purpose.
Matters continue to go from bad to worse
Greater and greater becomes th* confusion
and more and more Widespread the distress.
The symptoms of a constitutional breakdown
of the Industrial mechanism of ruling claw
scciety becomes each day more pronounced.
In spite of th* so-much-per-line optimism of
th* ruler* and masters of today, the future
carries no ray of hope to th* ruling claw that
its wonderful mechanism for exploiting and
governing slaves can longer be made to satisfactorily effect Its purpose, under the nam*
of .peace And, though war to Its ultimate and
highest achievement it wn not follow that
Upoa anything like a universal seal* for any
appreciable length of time without bringing
on total collapse. The history of the last four
and a half years, and the semi-chaotic condition that hw resulted from it affords ample
proof to establish that fact
* w     w
The productive power of the slaves of civilisation ha* been so enormously increased to
'the production of ruling class requirement*;
things that are absolutely nonessential to the
comfort and sustenance of the human race,
through the highly developed mechanism by
UW of which such production to carried o;i,
that It to well nigh impossible to dispose of
the products. To continue produclliKt full
btost !%, therefore, impossible, although it ti
absolutely necessary so to do If the slaves
are to be kept quiet and tame and tractable
If production is slowed down to such an
extent that a huge army of unemployed to
created, grave danger threatens awing to
the rebellious and even revolutionary activity that such ��� situation to bound to develop. Another four years ot war upon the
scale of th* last four would have completely
wrecked the entire ruling class shebang, and
it will require but a tew yean at the matt
of any *ort of peace that to at all possible, to
bring a simitar result The world's ruling
class to between th* "devil and the deep wa.* :
It can not continue war without swiftly Inviting bankruptcy; it can not establish aad
maintain peace for any appreciable length
of time without reaching the same end. Ita
machinery ot exploitation hw been brought
to such a state of perfection that it to ao
longer possible to operate It, either In what
to termed war. or what to termed peace,
without Its destroying the civilization of
which it 1* part It ha* become a veritable
Frankenstein Monster that to destroying the
ruling class that conjured It forth. Let the
good work go on.
���������' ' ""'        w   '       ��� ���
Surface skimmers and thow who cannot
Wa th* wood* far the trees are continually
making the welkin ring because of the tre-
rrendou* Increase of the world's wealth thai'
Las been brought about by what to torm*d
th* Industrial development of the past But
it to all so much tommyrot Thew to ao mar*
toad, clothing and other essential things produced per capita bow than ww the caw can-
turiw ago. There to a lot more ruling claw
Junk produced new titan ever before, but
that sort of stuff neither feeds clothes or
ol herwtoe makes comfortable aay producere
It to all that much wasted effort Everything
that to produced, whetWer it be essential to
human comfort or merely adds to the pomp
and magnificence of rulers and masters, fa
consumed w fast as It to produced and consequently ther* can be no Increase of the
world'* wealth. If production should stop for
any appreciable length of time all the World
would perish from starvation. There I* a*
accumulated wealth far anybody to Uv* on.
AU live solely by th* daily toil of slaves. Aad
there to nothing la that to blew about
i )
X . .v. January J��, 1919
Ilk* tV
Col. William B. Thompson, on* of the heads of the Red Crow Mission to
Russia, has recently returned from Petrograd. He has undertaken, in a series
of ��ve brief articles for the "Evening Post" to give his personal views as
to the present co.nprex situation in Russia, and as to the manner In which,
be thinks. America may assist Russia in solving; her troubles. Cot Thompson Started for RuWla last June, by way of tbe Pacific aad Vladivostok, lie
crossed Siberia on the Imperial train which had brought out Senator Root
and tbe other members of tbe American Mission. i>urlug bis stay to Russia,
Col. Thompson was thrown In touch with people there of ail classes, persons
still clinging, to the ideas of tbe old regime; member* of tbe social democracy, who, with Kerensky at tbe bead, maintained the Provisional Government for months; Radical leaders, returned Wiles from Siberia and foreign
countries, and so on. lb this way Col. Thompson had exceptional opportunities for gaining close insight Into  the  whole  Russian situation.���Editor
Labor Star.    .        ','' '���������.���'������ <*���"
��ni ��� �����     *
MOST people, I suppose, think of Russia as a great, soggy mass of
people, ignorant and unintelligent, unresponsive to the things that
inspire other peoples; deep in the murk of the darkness that has
been imposed upon them during centuries of brutal oppression; but even
wide from-that, somehow Inherently incapable of th* kind of awakening
that ha* come to other peoples.
In a measure, that to true. There has been that oppression, as all the
world knows, and it has had the inevitable results that come from oppression. The maw of the people of Russia has been kept in ignorance, and the
darkness has been deep and stupefying. But nowhere in the world���-not
even in America���is there a people more amenable to awakening. Nowhere
'to there a people more gentle to nature, more idealistic in character, more
capable of being aroused to all those worthier aspirations and achievements that we love to think of as being distinctively American. Senator
Root puts it admirably when he says. "They have a natural sense of justice. They would not willingly do injustice to any one in the world; and
their justice to enlarged and ennobled by beautiful charity. They are the
kindest people towards .the unfortunate and the erring that I know of."
racy. Indeed, so true to this that
foreigners, particularly of the business caste, are known in Russia, regardless of their actual nationality;,
as "Germans."
German-has been the language of
the business world in Russia. All
the forms of control up to the time
of the revolution have been, and
even now are, in the hands of Germans, or German agents. And the
spirit, the attitude of mind, the influence of the German autocracy,
insidiously permeating the whole
fabric of Hussion life, built, up Inevitably a resentment In the muds
of the people ot Russia which made
for war against Imperial Germany
herself. The Russians recognized
in* the German Empire the. real
home and the real source of the
brutalities to which they had been,
What the Russians Arc like
President Wilson opened his heart
to the people of Mexico. Again and
again, he exhibited the keenest sympathy with a great mass of humanity, struggling toward* freedom
and light Every word that he said,
and everything that he did to aid
those people, applies to or ought
to apply iflhnitely more to the people of Russto. The Mexicans are
not a homogeneous people. But the
Russian people are Russian. For
centuries they have cultivated the
land;'they have been peaceful, inoffensive, law-abiding, religious In
the fine sense of the word; they
have submitted over long periods to
tbe tyranny under which they had
to live.
One of the great fictions of Russian' history, one of the great fictions of all ni&tory. ��avih�� "Freeing
of the Serfs." It is true that they
vera freed, technically. Actually,
their condition was little improved
by that much-vaunted act of emancipation. The fact is, that previously their feudal lords wero in son e
seufce responsible for their welfare;
once they were frtte, this responsibility ended, and if anything, their
condition was worse than tt was before. They were still tied to the
land, which in every real sense' of
the word they did not own. They
knew no other occupation; they had
no means of going awayTthey Were
left to 'their own devices of support; they were now free to starve
m beat they might; their poverty
was the affair of no one but themselves; These were white men, ef
the same racial stock as ourselves.
unsplrators���the fact that the army
ould not obey.   Whole   regiments
The Background Necessary to
Understand the Present Situation
���Nowhere a People More Amenable to Awakening Prom Brutal
1 w��nt to Russia last spring as an
American, deeply interested in the
cause, to which my country .'had
committed her life, her fortune, and
her honor; with no desire save as
I could to help my country win the
war. And I have tome back to tell
tbe people of the United States what
I saw. And In the picture of Russia, aa It lay in my mind and as it
lies in the minds of most of us. the
centre to occupied by a dark and
sinister thing���an endless procession of men and women wending
their weary and despairing way
across the snows to Siberia. I wonder how many Americans can clearly see the nature of that procession ?
Do they think of it as made up of
the scum of Russia���ruffians, murderers, .enemies of society, nihilists,
anarchists, "every ..sort of creature
whom the world of reason and humanity would desire to see stamped
out? Nothing could be further from
the. truth. This endless procession,
year after year, decade after decade, has been made up of Russia's
best These were people whose eyes
were turned upward. These were
people who sought to bring.light
into the darkness. These were
people who knew what Russia had
. suffered and lost at the hands of
the oppressor, and who sought to
emancipate their country, and their
fellow Russians from the conditions which oppression had produced. ,    ���
People That Never Despaired
I said they were despairing. They
never despaired. That spirit never
despairs. They went to Siberia by
hundreds and thousands' and tens
of thousands and hundreds of thousands. Through the gateway ot the
Urals at Ekaterin��burg In ten years
passed a million people, bound for
Siberia., Some of them came back
and began their work again, and
again were sent to Siberia, to mine*.
to dungeons, to foreign exile. Thousands simply disappeared from the
sight of man. And in their places
always row up an endless procession of others of like spirit They
bore every sort of barbarity and
outrage, but they were not afraid
and they never despaired. Hundreds of them were in Petrograd*
when I was there,,and I never met
: In my life a nobler group of people.
: Marie Spirldonova wt in the Demo-
���cratlc Conference, With a soldier
���delegate on either side, looking for
an the world like a New England
school teacher an she took note*
She hid Just returned from fifteen
years mt sotttary confinement. And
- there she was. back at last to hslp
her beloved Russia keep its freedom. And thousands of others were
there tike her. \v
Under  German  Autocracy
Now.    the   oppressor* . of   these
people  were, really  German   auto-
��������� erst*.    Many of them were actually
and literally ot the German ruling:
caste, but the spirit In which .they
acted���th�� spirit of the whole regime,   was   that  which   we    have
learned to  recognize  as  the  spirit
of the German autocracy.   The Caar
himself was the offspring of seven
generations  of German   autocratic
blood.    The spirit of the whole re.
��� gime was the spirit of mediaeval
despotism, perpetuated,. by' Inhuman
military force; the negation af that
in which the really civilised world
"was moving forward toward demoe-
Worklng Towards the Light
Notwithstanding these conditions,
these Russian peasants took their
life in hand, and despite almost insuperable difficulties wrought their
way toward better conditions. How
many of us realise that In the Peasants' Co-operative Society, the
largest organised body in Russia before the .war. If not Indeed the
largwt organised body In the world.
there wero upwards of 20,000.000
members. These are th* farmers-
peasants, tenant-farmers, to be
sure���of Russia, working out wader
the most adverse conditions the
problems of mutual benefit, mutual
During the last twenty-five years
there also has grown/ up in Russia,
with the development of the factory
system, a claw of city industrial
workers. The city populations In
letrograd. Moscow, and other large
centres are made up In the main of
vvorkers in the factories and���mark
thk well-���of the great numbers of
retainers who serve the establishments of the innumerable ruling
class, the nobility.
There may be little that' to new in
all this that I have lust said, but
some such, background to necessary
for any intelligent understanding of
the present situation to
The People, Called -Together to*
War. Discovered a Unity, and
Upset Autocracy's Plan for Reverting to Oppression���Kerensky
and the Forces for Future Russia.
i        *nT ���
"Bolshevik" means "majority." It
to not properly the name of aay society or group or faction or creed
or theory. It to a perfectly good
Russian word, and th* Russian people take it in its literal sense. Furthermore, tt to accurate in Its description of the people to whom tt
to applied. No greater mistake
could be made than to attach it
simply or even especially to the extreme element that at this moment
is in control to Petrograd. Not lew
than ninety per cent of the Russian pepopl* constitute the Bolshevik!.
In Saturday's article I tried to
sketch the underlying situation in
Russia, and the history of autocratic
oppression which brought it about
Remember that from time to time
throughout the years there has been
more than one attempt at revolution. Human flesh and blood had at
least to try to throw off the grinding heal ot ; despotism. Again and
again there were upheavals ot
greater or less magnitude but always the autocracy was able to suppress ���' them. The enormous distances in Russia, the inefficiency of
transportation, and the fact' that
every means of communication waa
absolutely controlled by the government made It. almost impossible for
hny considerable revolutionary
movement to be organized. Every
movement to instruct and awaken
the people was ruthlessly suppressed;
there was, of course, nothing in the
way of public meetings of,protest
There ww no such thing as the
peaceful assembling of the people
to appeal for the mitigation of grievances. On more than one occasion���
notably at the time of the uprising
In 1006 ��� a peaceful procession
headed by the sacred religious emblems of Russia, was even invited to
the Czar's Palace, and on Its approach waa shot to pieces by the
ttoops. Under such conditions it was
inevitable that the means of propaganda had to be secret Little groups
ot revolters, and in many cases' Individuals, resorted to the tactics of
terrorism and assassination. And
underneath there went on constantly
in spite of all this brutal repression,
the spreading of the message of a
freedom that would surely come.
Their poets like Nekrawof aad their
writers like Tolstoy wrote of this
freedom. '
Rallying Against Germany
The beginning of the 'great war
was a new and unexpected unifying
Influence. There was not only a common cause against the feared and
hated government of the German
Empire, but a personal interest in
the business. From every part of
Russia men were summoned to the
army. The great Russian people
awakened to something like a world
At the same time the terrible cost
of the war to every Russian individual increased the privations of the
people. Sufferings such as they never,
had known before invaded the
homes of the peasants,-and added
tc their grief at the loss, perhaps
forever, of their brothers and sons.
At last came a time when the
Czar and the ruling classes really
pro-German at heart saw that the
jig was up The family quarrel between 'Willy" and "Nicky" was
getting serious. The old officer class
wag pretty well shot to pieces In the
war; new ones had taken their
places. The army was getting to be
a little tea efficient and self-conscious of its power. These autocrats
began to fear for their own safety.
So \they decided to "put over" a
separate peace, There is no doubt
that Protopopoff, who was In charge
of-the distribution of the food supplies, deliberately shut off the'feed'
of Petrograd. as Sturmer and'Suk-
homilnoff had deliberately kept
arms and munitions from the Russian army and handed over countless thousands of weaponless Midlers to slaughter at the hands of
the well-armed Germane. It was
their plan evidently to precipitate
an uprising In Petrograd which
would be suppressed toy the army,
and at onw give a plausible reason
for withdrawing from the war, thus
enabling the pro-German autocracy
of Russia to fasten its grip mure
tightly than ever upon the Russian
Rossi* Becomes Free
It was a fatal blunder. Two things
conspired to npwt the whole <plan.
The first a bask) fact with which
tho pro-German autocrats, had not
reckoned was the momentous circumstance that the Russian people
at list Waa united for action. The
second was not tow astonishing to
'the government and their German
with their officers marched to enlist themselves under the banner of
the revolution. In the twinkling of
an eye, Russia was free.; Once and
for all the shackles of the old despotism���nominally Russian, but actually dominated by the German
autocracy���were torn off and thrown
into the scrap-heap.
The outstanding social fact in
Russia, upon which all consideration of' the events there must be
based, to. that there to no considerable middle chum The small merchant and the small business and
land-holding claw, characteristic of
England, France, and America���Intelligent enterprising, independent
in thought and with a grew stake
in the "existing order of things"���
to practically non-existent to Russia.
Eighty-six per cant of the population to made up of peasants, another 10 per cent, of factory workers. The rest the official and property-owning class, is numerically
infinitesimal. But in this tatter class,
in the vary small element corresponding to our middle class, there
were, to be sure, a few men who
were sufficiently forward-looking to
join to the revolution, and they took
up the work of organizing a provisional government. It: waa of a
group like tt.u that there came the
first government headed by Prince
Lvoff. But it quickly fall under suspicion as to its fidelity to the alms
of the revolution. In times of rapid
change any regime not moving
ahead as fast as the mere extreme
elements desire, to likely to be upset So went Lvoff and the Mllyuk-
offs..,Then came Kerensky���only In
turn to fall, and for much the same
sort of reason as had his predecessor.
Kerensky a Beat Patriot
In mt judgment Kerensky represented the forces which to.the long
run will save Russia. He is a true
patriot, honest. - clean-banded, and
eager to give the fast atom of himself for hi* country. He was rejected
because the people ot Russia are In
no mood for compromise or half-
measures. He tried to make aad
keep a government, representing
both the mass of the people and the
small conservative element
But as to Kerensky's character
there can be no quwtion. I was In
touch with him day by day. and I
can endorse without reservation
Senator Root's characterisation:
"Kerensky, that man of conviction,
of intense purpose, of tremendous
personality, devoted, to hto great
cause to the tost drop of hto blood."
The conservative element with
which Kerensky tried to come to
some practicable basis of understanding, was under the gravest suspicion. Naturally,' the Russians regarded everybody who had had anything to do wltlrUhe previous state;
of things as belonging to the opprea-
ivt class. Louder and louder row
the cry for government by the representatives of the moss of the
people; that to. of the manual worker!, in the'factories and of the
peasants who worked on the toad.
And the peasants had a passion of
their awn; 'that Waa, the desire to
own the land on which they worked.
"Just as much land as a man can
work himself to a slogan to which
every Russian peasant responds
eagerly. It Is hto dearest dream. Kerensky tried to unify the interests of
the well-to-do with those of the
rrasses of the people. In the state
of things then existing. It was a Job
aged, the spread of the desire tor
peace, but it did not make Russia
want a separate peace. Nothing that
ha�� happened has made the Russian
people fwl any differently toward
the Imperial German government in
Which they see the embodiment of
all the brutal oppression under
which they haw suffered.
- Why Kerensky Fell
Kerensky fell because the "Bol-
ehevlki"���the maw of the Russian
people >.regarded him as unrepresentative of themselvea The Ex- -
tremlsts came to the top. And It was
the overwhelming majority of the
people of Russia that raised them
to the top���act because thow Extremists represented the views ot
all Russia, out because Ruwia ww
so fearful of any swing-back towards even th* old order. R ww w
it Russia had, with deliberation,
preferred for the moment disorganization and Impracticable ideas
rather than run any risk of coming
bsck to old autocratic and German
Now the newspapers tell us that
Ugh no peace hW been signed,
and his followers have defeat the Russian army, made
up for the meat part of peasants
and workmen, will no longer fight
against the peasants and workmen,
of Germany and Austria; further,
that the armies, with the exception
ot some of the younger soldiers. Will
be withdrawn from tag front There
Is nothing new or startling in this
announcement; nor daw It indicate
any radical change in the situation.
It is y* difficult to believe the dispatch!* that come from Berlin, *ay-
ing that th* Germans are puwled by
this announcement and are doubtful as to whether they Will be safe
In further weakening their' eastern
front; in fact, may fWI it neceswry
again to take up arms against
i   H   *   w
A Plea, for a Clear Understanding
of the Bolshevlkl and Their Alms
���The Danger of Allied Mistakes
Leaving Them to the Ministrations of Germany.
IU. ���
Far, too much emphasis has been
laid on the personalities of Lenlne
and Trotsky. These two individuals,
happen to come to the. surface in
the turmoil of the Russian situation.
Far too much have they been Men-,
titled to the American mind With
the term "Bolshevik!" You might
suppose from the common discussions and newspaper articles about
them that they had somehow kidnapped Russia. Nothing of the sort.
xou might suppose that these two.
man were dictators who had implanted themWlvw in the command
of a rabble of wild-eyed enemies of
public order, and were turning the
city of Petrograd and the Russian
empire over to an orgy or disorder
and excesses*of the mob. Nothing
of. the abrt Tou might suppose that
they were paid agents of the German ^autocracy, hired to deliver
Russia, bound hand and foot over
to the greedy hands of the German
autocracy. Nothing of the sort. And
I say this, even in view of the recent
dispatches from Ruwia, which I
commented upon briefly in my article publl*h*d In the Evening Post
I might wy right here that every
&TCK^���� l!!^J^!^?JJ^^^!^
being, at least the-two things would
not mix.
Germany's Underground Work
All through the same time the
Germans were at their obi game.
Ihe failure of the vast campaign of
bribery and Intrigue with which
they had honeycombed official Russia, and the overthrow of their vast
system of police spies, made necessary efforts along other lines. They
war*, efforts of the same kind, however. Enormous sums of money were
now invested In a campaign for separate peace With Germany. At the
same time there was a campaign of
d'Jurgaatoatlon. The German secret
agents tried to demoralise the railways; they wrecked 60 per cent of
the munitions plants; they confused
the food distribution; they depreciated the ruble: they conspired in
every Way possible to bring about a
chaotic condition,''The soldier* at
the front were told that th* land WW
being distributed, and if they were
not there they couldn't get aay.
hundreds Of thousand* of sorters
left the ranks and started far home.
The Russians did not want aad
never have Wanted a separate peace
with Germany. They Wanted peace,
but they'wanted a world-wide peace
ii-. which the' "Bolshevlkl"���the
mam of the people���in all the
countries should share. They Insisted that negotiations to that end
should begin at once. Again the
stupidity of the German general
staff in dealing with things dwp-
lylng In the hearts of peoples was
displayed. Their money bad.encour
to thaw men to trace to them noma
of the German money with) which
Russia reeked, but absolutely without success. As for disorder, all 1
can say to that 2 ww in Petrograd
when the present men came to
power, and for some time after that
and I am wttaew to the fact that
they have maintained more stable
order In Petrograd than that under
any previous regime that I observed.
One cannot wy that Ruwia to an
unwilling victim of their rule, because on many points these men.
now to power and tire Russian
people generally think alike. These
points" embody the principles on
which alt democracies rest As for
the other points, Lenlne and Trotsky
are Internationalists; that, to to **?>
they want their dreams to Coma true
all over the world���dreams of a
world ruh by workmen And peasants.
Only experience and responsibility
Will show them that. you. cannot turn
a factory over to the hand* to run.
aay mora than you can a bank to
the clerks.
.   Excesses Greatly gwffgejatod .
But on the whole, it is an amas-*
taa thing to me that In the sudden
freedom which has burst Upon Rus-i
ate, w long under the heel of the
cruel autocracy, there have been so!
few excesses. Many of the storier of]
riot  looting,   bloodshed,   aad out-1
rage under the rule of the Bolshevlkl /are lies pure and simple, circulated by German propagandists and]
by members of the oW regime, wboj
e to poison   the   mind   of the]
Continued on page Sev��a)       J THURffpAY
The New Russia
_ (Continued  from Page Six)
Mhit*?^ **,���*�� �����* *����� o��v*
uato Lenlne and Troteky. to assume
that the Bolshevlkl are hostile to
America, Neither of these things are
^^^���/ifiJX^ ���'"*
viki regime,
 . and currency to given
to this by some of the most carefully edited magazines. Thew officers were killed during the Kornlloff
t'prtolng, which was put down by
Kerensky, who, with the great mass
of people saw In It an attempt to
... ...v=o tuiugs are
true. The Bolshevlkl are doing more
damage to tbe Central Powers today with; their ideas than they were
able to do with their bayonet*.
As for their, attitude towards the
l/nitcd States, I am In a position
to say that':they are "all ears" to
hear What we shall say to them. The
president's    wonderful    speech,    in
.. i       .             . ,
 �����������      '
nuniiTiui   speecn,
which be stated to congress th* war
aims of the United States, was cir
places of leadership. ��� rr<ms%8$
Thew people and their many associates and followers were from the
American point of view sane and
reasonable. They realized the
danger* of m^to fanaticism, and,
with Kerensky. sought to guide the
exultant masses of the people into
channels of reasonable and constructive organization. But the very
fact that at no time in the past had
the    people    been    permitted
nroughout Germany and
Austria���by the Bolshevlkl ! Lenlne
telegraphed that speech word for
word to Troteky at the peace conference at Brest-Litvwk. and from
hto hands It burst there, Ilk* a
toombshell that it was, In the faces
of the German officers. It'to our
words ot skepticism, coldness, and
wW not set at liberty until Sept
18. Th* prewnt government did not
com* into power until November S>
And as for charging that these
men are agents of Germany, It to
becoming IncreWingly evident that
they and their works may prove the
undoing of the whole German situation. The example.and efforts of the
Russian democracy are th* things
that more tt nan anything else are
setting the Central Powers on flr*
behind the German lines. The most
damaging enemy that **�� '
.^Mwii, wianaaav and
hostility that are diligently cabled
back to Petrograd by German
agents here; tt to our newspaper ar-
. ���...., HW the German
autocracy has to the Russian democracy alongside of it, preaching to
the German sold lens; and in spite of
all obstacles teaching the, German
common people the doctrines of democracy and international brotherhood. Did you not read only a tew
days ago th* statement of the German general staff that they had been
obliged to withdraw many German
regiments from the Russian front
disintegrate �����*����   ���-<
     premises   and
quwtlon their bwt motives���thoae
are th* only factors that can drive
Russia away from us and into the
arm* of Germany.
A Sobering Sensc*Ho Coma
The old extreme Right (the ultra-
conservative, the. autocrats) of Russia to-gone,  forever   The formerly
moderate  Centre iffcis
ultra-conservative. Whe
ita*.      "���    -
ultra^conwfvaltTv..^* extreme* Left
��� ��� ��u ^auciub uei
has become the Centre. The ultra
radicals are in power. It to a commonplace of human experience that
when ultra-radicals gain power and
hold it for any length of time with
the manifest consent of the people,
they are soon sobered by the weight
of responsibility and by the necessity of adapting means to ends and
building    permanent - things.     No
amount of governmental power can
enable even ultra-radicals to do the
impossible, to make something out
of rfothing, to   build   and   hold" a
stable government, and  an  enduring  industrial  and  agricultural  organization   on the   basis   of high*
sounding phrases. >
Presently, Russia must aad will
stabilize herself. Shall she have the
aid of the United States in working
out her problems, or shall she be
left to the ministrations of Germany?
  B H   it   w
Germany and Austria    MUCH PATIENCE WITH
The; preachings of the JBofahevlki, RUSSIA IS NEEDED
like the incendiary bombs that the
Germans have uwd in their warfnr-.
Hki  that
could no longer be
What   a stupendous  yet
piece     of    German
.   .     to scatter the con-
'tagion   of   revolution   through   an
army not hitherto infected!
Ferment to
.... ���_.��� uwu in their warfare,
have set fire wherever they fell.
These teachings have been deliberately scattered behind the German
lines and throughout Austria-Hun-
and -have been largely respon-
tor the ferment that has been
cting the governments of both
ries. Autocracy, cannot endure
teachings. The right of the
>ple to rule themselves to a teach'
ing- In the Itoht ��* ���*�����-
One Must Remember the Chaotic
Conditions Out of Which Present
People's Rule Sprang���The Russian Democracy Looks for the
Friendship of Fellow Men Every,
tonlhfthentoelve-'to a teach? W�� need a ��"** P**1*'*06 ,n de*1*
����.VnMt Twhi?h^��t������ inf With the effort* of the Russian
I   kind   wri?3bf\��^��T* "POOP'O to And themselves, and to es-
of every
worm osl
Oaf man officers protested
frantically against such unheard-of
doings. They could view with complacency the dropping of dynamite
bombs upon their soldiers and their
cities���that was war, legitimate war,
aa they look at such things���but the
scattering of idea* of liberty, equality, fraternity, into a land where
despotism rules behind a bulwark
of bayonets was an intolerable, an
unthinkable atrocity!
We see the same stupid policy in
the action of the German government in sentencing to ten years' imprisonment British airmen who had
been captured while scattering read
ing matter over German soil.
Now it seems to me that almost
as stupid as the tactics of the German general staff have been those
of the diplomacy of the Allies. The
greatest and most effective enemy
vt Germany, the enemy which it has
viewed with the most anxiety, and
to which in many ways it has devoted the most solicitous attention;
the enemy against which it hw
inown no way to fight effectively
has been treated by the allied government* with coldnew amounting
to hostility. So marked ha* this attitude been at time* that *   ~
....,, -.Mi* by testable government, a move-
mint that will turn their aspirations
at' home into something Workable,
add will 'carry on their relations
wRh the rest of the world. We must
remember the doubt and confusion
which surrounded the beginning* of
our own republic We must remember how much worse were the conditions out of which sprang the
��present government in Russia than
were Jhose of our own
���.lightest "experience to self-government made the task of these people
enormously difficult���made it in
tact for the time being impossible
Th* pendulum bad to swing clear
to Its limit to extreme radicalism.
Kerensky could not bold it and
thaw relatively moderate people of
the liberal Centre were swept aside,
and the Extremists came to the top.
Lenin* and Troteky happen to .be
the toast conspicuous figures among
Latent Powers of Conservatism
And yet tb*r***faas been at all
timw, to this maw of eager and impatient people, an amazing resource
of conservatism. For example. In the
midst of all the confusion and disorganization���precipitated largely by
th* use of th* Gdrman..corruption
fundr11the great body of the railroad workers, whose revolt would
have thrown Ruwia into absolute
anarchy, stood steadfast at the Job
and kept the railroads sunning.
Nineteen million men   had . been
mobilized  for the army  in  Russia
between the outbreak of the war and
and the beginning of the revolution.
As the officers of the old caste fell
by the wayside, new qnes took their
places,  but there was lost the old
"binder" of personal allegiance and
habit of obedience. The new officers
were stranger* to their,men. There
grew up among them a' great and
increasingly democratic, force., More
and more the bond of brotherhood
united the soldiers from far-separ-
tted parte of the empire as they became acquainted and brought to one
another a sense of common interest
and common purpose. Their experience under the treachery of Stunner
add Bukhomliaoff, which sent them
bare-handed, or with iron bars and
empty  guns,  against  the perfectly
equipped    and   relentless    German
military   machine,   made   them   at
onw eager for   peace,   and   determined   to  avenge   themselves   upon
the system   responsible   for   these
things-   They  represented   an  enormous power for good or HI. They
bad been learning the methods and
the power of organization. They introduced into Russia a new thing���
this great body of former peasants,
I lately become soldiers and tighter*
[for their country���in the organtoa-
'tlon   of   Workmen*'   and   Soldiers'
0elegetes, the backbone of the present stiuation in Russia.
How the Army Fell Apart
The democratization of the army
was turned into utter demoralisation. To this and one great factor
was the fear of the people and their
leaders that a well-dlscin
j mean, and, despite the announcement of a German dictated peace,
the Central Powers will still have
to grop* their way through tortuous, uncertain, and baffling paths.
The economic business situation is
for th* moment badly demoralized.
The roots have n*��* *��-"-
aJL5 Russia was all (Terman.
German in spirit and personnel, aad
that baa been overthrown and re-
rhujh  'AfaaWg
m* t*
mr^F*? Umt to��r must'swuina
of WhftS bttWI���� 'of tbe^iito* o��
r��2��S* *���* �����*��� ta noway*re*
���cro*. the worldTwnnot b/2J����F
J��*.����P-o ofAuwto0to^0^
PUdtated. Xtt��FSlo%toq��
ponce, to call th* laSa ?.* *���*!���
tag for th* uplltHfth* Rus-
,-cple. Its one dealr* l
��, to call th* land Its
nav* a part In th* todu*tiViifa of
.* ay  aw   aw   ilea a fj
call the'land Its own. to
, - ,-rt In th* industrial Ufa of
th* country, to liv* live* of order
unrestrained by Czar or dictator, to
acquire real education aad intelligence tot the people.
Eagerly Seeking JFrlrwfalito
It is looking upward and outward
fojr the friendship of fellow-men
everywhere, and especially for the
friendship of America. I said a while
ago that the Russian democracy had
hair on its face and mud on its boot*
but it has the love of freedom in its
heart and a groat friendliness for
the people qt all the world.
w   w   w
S5.SS Y%^g&' %
*nd   land-
owners,   business   men, rr
ownars, such W U characteristic of
England and France and th* United
State*. Virtually th* entire population of Ruwia consists of peasants
and industrial worker* That to th*
rw*on why th* government of the
Bolshevlkl���the "majority"���fa entirely made up of representatives of
thew workers. Whatever happen* in
Ruwia, I know on* thino- *m-�� ���
" ' *^��sJbi
New Govemmi
bv n^inm90hru N<* Crushed
��L ?Trmany.',WlU B�� * Liberal.
���nd   muoj^jy  a Stabl*   One���
 oa* thing, that un-
Germany conquer* there
Bturn ���� ���., fttj0 power
inspired I
i of th* Q ,
.. . great new democracy of Russia to going to be ruled
for the nraaam* i���� - ������
no return 'tosutSiiu ZZZ* ���"��� ��*
��mall ruling chw? lnJi?Vru0t th*
"Pint and the htaa.V%d J?y tha
���SX&JZ tlTgyaat^w0-.^
it j*. of
Must Be Solved In Spirit
���nts Message.
course, too early to say
what form of government the Bol-
phevikl may ultimately establish,
but on* thing I am sure we can rely
i.pon: If not crushed by Germany
the new government will be
. a lib
  and  ultimately It
become a stable government
now some of its leaders are
under tbe delusion that their great
nation  can  live .without  economic
relations with the rest of the World;
can carry on industry without the
organizing genius of 'loaders;   that
If only every man can   have   "as
much land as h* can cultivate himself" th* people can live In a perpetual state of peace and happiness.
Without a radical change In its
attitude in  thew   matters,   Russia
Indeed  be lost;  utter chaw
even a return of
come" to  be
_. ..���. vi*�� early his-
l-tery. The United States was founded
I by men who came from relatively
free countries; the men and women
who constitute the backbone of the
Russian revolutionary movement
came  otit  ��*   ���*-
w ���oouanea military rank
and titles; no soldier had any longer
to salute an officer, and ��h. *m
came out of
gwn*, m
_��� _ well-disciplined army
would  be  used  to restore  dictatorship^ They abolished the death pen-
..��*-   -*��� abolished  military  rank
i soldier had any longer
officer, and the officers
 Jected by their teen. In
all this.business German money and
German propaganda were very active.
The attempt to place oyer Ruwia
"a man on horseback" -came aeon
In the so-called Kornlloff revolt -j
This was a mad venture, based upon
th* idea that thew soldiers could be
driven or enticed into an enterprise
to restore a military despotism in
Russia, A part of the scheme In
would ensue, and
despotism ' might ���..��� w oe welcomed w a mere mean* of existence
There to some excuse for the present attitude of tbe part of the ultraradicals in talking about the repudiation of the debt* of the old government They see in those debts
obligations assumed by the old regime for money used to perpetuate
their slavery and to keen
the present by a working .man'*
government  until they find out at
tost how to make a goiejrnmenf of
genuine labor and genuine capital.
Since I returned   to   the  United
States a few weeks ago, and sine*
I have been telling of these things
that I have seen and felt in Russia,
I have been accused by my friends
of having lost my head, ot having
turned Socialist and Bolshevist together. I don't think this is truo, but
I am certainly not ashamed of having bwn greatly moved by my experiences in Russia; by the intimate
sight of those Russians who for generations    have   endured    ignominy;
tultering, and  death in order that
their beloved Russia might become
free;, by the witness, before, my eyes
Of the Joy and happiness of these
people in their new-found freedom;
by tbe conviction that   ao  matter
what their early mistakes they will
in" due course surely become a sound
and stable government "capable", a*
Senator Root  hw said,   "of  doing
great things for the betterment of
mankind  and   the  advancement   of
Senator Root's Lotty Utterance
Yes. I willingly confess that I am
moved Just w Senator Root a man
much older, and more wwonedjthatt.
1 was moved when in that ftoe utterance of SaaaWaWsmm���������
prisons, out of dungeons, in which for years many of
them, bad been in solitary confine-
em'nt, out of exile in Siberia. I found
a record of one political prisoner���*
known only by a number���who /had
been in prison under three Czars for
sixty-four years.
Everybody Who ww even suspected of entertaining any hope of liberty, had been In exile or In prison.
Even young girls, twenty years *��� _^^mmmmmmaaWmemf>,v ,m��
pr lew Who ventured to meet to- lM��",<��" ^tLHSLlllt^'u^l
getber for any Intellectual activities. JfS; ���� &^SS^LSLSS^
wore often bundled off to prtoon and !?, 'J^-fELTO ��� W^mwiioiaattoa
not infrequently to vea��. ~# ~�����
_, ��.. w, mvuvmm in ci
nection with the Kornlloff uprto���0
was to make tt appear that Kerensky ww a party to it This was a
"frame-up" diligently assisted by
tb�� Germans. Tha attempt failed,
tort a vast mischief had been done.
The strength of the army, far from
falling behind th* "man on horseback," went over to the support of
th* Extremists.
. . ~ keep thewutoc-
racy in power. Even the debt assumed for tbe present war they may
regard as little of their affair; many
of them may think of toPas the
"Czar'a war"; and . th* unsympathetic attitude ot Russia's allies
since the Revolution has done little
to give the Russian people any interest in taking over thew obligations.
Sanity Must Come to Time
But the time is not far distant in
my Judgment When there will be
an awakening in this business. If
even tbe present Extremist Government should remain long to power,
it will have to confront the problem of borrowing money from other
countries for tha dawai��i*���*��-
... ..mi owe u
of hto. in language that i
never hope   to   command,   he
wid upon hto return from Petrograd
list September:
"I am glad to have gone to Russia, because it hw put into my hearts
,  a sympathy  for  those  struggling
people which   makes   me  a better
man.   This  war   hw   don*   many
things already. I know that for on*
battered  old   campaigner who  has
town  through  the  rude  buffets of
life for half a century, it hw dissolved  that hardness of the heart
which   bring*   indifference   to  the
dreams of youth,   It   has   brought
sympathy,   ennobling  sympathy, to
us all. Sympathy, for poor, struggling, bleeding Ru-vda."
Great Longing for Liberty
The people of Russia are hungry
liberty.      Inexnariai
erty.       Inexperienced
weltera ��*'V*Z   whlch the continued
sion of raiT^"?***?: *n�� o*l��n-
..... uu*. or any partlcipatiot
Bt.,not infrequently to yiaSol'w^ter? ?^tg?%SL��alLVX&^
 ���_ ���u�� fa alUtiajconfinement I. It any wonder that. {^IIIW.  or r^--  -'   ~
they hivrsusViected Sit tL**TC|*hen  overnight tbe ��hac
osar restored to
��jc Russia and autocratic
rmany cannot exist side by side:
r. w Senator Root put it "America
feels that th* new freedom of Russia cannot live a* a neighbor to the
military autocracy of Germany." If
the allies Will rwlize this fact onw
 Hand thew ,,..
repressed,  earn* suddenl]
thq light of liberty, they
th* opposite extreme?
shackle* were
���oe people, so long
���uddenly out into
pished to
The Little Grand-
r*B they wuig1vrr^m*^abtosu^ ��*��
pert to the Russian people, millions fen'r * '
|kv* suffered
Siberian Exile
*t�� Wars age Catherine
Jrrw w ^r-i?.o*��   th.
women and chldrea
  and starved  to help
the thing that the AlUes are' lighting for. With such support geoer- 	
ed, Russia can regain iw.-^ZXZSZ. ^S.-
her stability and e*a|i2 fS?!?*^ who
lermany with th* om*!!^*"*01^
^Bpon that the autocrat know* not
how to resist
, ,.ww ���o��aniy-riv<
years old, and she hw passed thirty-
four years of her life In prison and
in  Siberian   exile.    Nicholi
Friendly to America
Late in the day though It Is, it to
still criminal folly to proceed upon
the assumption that Russia is Completely lost to the cause of the war
against the Central Powers and
against the things for which the
Powers stand;  or,  because
of this.
mT. - waa head of 1
feasants' Co-operative Society, as
far back w I860, worked with
Madame Breshkovskaya In her
tabors tor the uplift of the people,
and cam* to be known w the
''Grandfather of   tha   r<
 _.���.., itm ��ot help
Allies, or restore the Russian
army to fighting activity. But
sympathetic aid from this country,
especially If the common people of
Germany and Auswia do not follow
tit* example of those of Russia In
overthrowing autocracy, may yet go.
for to bring a substantial body of
Russian soldiers back to the Allied |
fighting line Russia to a country of
violent reactions and quick change*
A Iabrytatb far the Germans
It is really astonishing that out of
such a chaotic situation as I have
to confront the prob
��� ........, ufjieep, and <
sion of railroad* and linw of communication; for th* building of public works, tha construction of shipping, and so forth. Then they will
realize that even ��������--������    -^
the old regime o��i oe luirm
fact, they have already shown
appreciation of this
action of the All-R
voting.for tfca **��""
poisoned  by Gern,-trT-fnC*d     ���**
amy well
fact^Sev^! !W> *��bSS- In "more ^fc^J^J*******
line oraer could
have come Yet the fact Is that since   ... .��� .����<���� *o system or order
the first week In November fast the tor economy or efficiency will learn
government which succeeded that off that thing* cannc*   *��  ���*=*-
Kerenskv has n���- -..�����-���������
______*of   the
���*���** ��"��?- yoorn .to   confine-
tot Dr. David 'Socklce. who was
Kvate secretary to Kerensky, had
g years-of residence In the unspeakable fortress of St Peter and
^���smaWmaaasmf*"'"* I Puub Thew are only type* of the
of this, that or the other extreme I high-grade men and women whom
utterance, attributed to th* Individ- J cudden liberty put in their rightful
fective it ba^ ZLlurprl,,l��|3f *
Ity^samto'' ffit^S!*1 no w��,,n *b��-
Gernt-i^���l^.tne ,��i����"ta��tion    or
peatedly  check^ ttl'**   H
, will make uw of the organising ability that it nwds to straighten out
:h* tangle Into which it hw fallen.
Inevitably, common-sense and common experience and the lemons that
men have learned about th* ways to
do.things, and th* thing* that are
worth while to do, will regain their
���way. The worklngmen who are
cow trying to run the
without regard to i
i m* many moving
voices with which the troubled air
of tha world to filled . . .th* veto*
ot th* Russian people . . . Whether
their present leader* believe It or
pat it is our heartfelt desire and
���""" * >tne way may be opened
may bo privileged to
assist the people of Ruwia to attain
their utmost hop* of liberty and
ordered peace."
In my opinion nothing hw don*
sc much to define th* great world
Issue* as that message of President
Wilson's. It to to the spirit of that
message that ***- "-���
   the most skilful
representatives of the Germans, Its
cleverness has.been the despair of
the best minds of the autocracy.
Even now, as I have said, th* Germans are wholly in the dark **
know what Troteky*!
*ay; that
gent co-o
<*��*      fa*   done   that
~>^1**ZJ?**1 novo ��ntelll-
co-operatton   and   tateliigent
they are to turn out
the product* which oven
low-Russians���-to say not* . ���* .������� econom
rest of the world���must have,- and   Russia,
in exchange for whien ��������-��
  ���w ..anon problem,
must be solved, and it amy well be
that the ration*! solving of the Rus-
_.   _--,sten problem will be th* wiving ot
the   factories I the world problem.
Today it may went that Germany
has swallowed Russia whole, to**
morrow it may seem that Ruwia
will not. be swallowed. -But, If we
fall to meet this problem's** world
problem, .there will ���
ever be prewnt
  i.e.   i/e present
i tnejr fel- f the menace of Oermany, not only to
nothing of the 1 economic domination   to   Huron***
ittst hav**~a��* I ��."����*-
__�� ,,��rarsno|Ku**ia, but clear to the Pacific We
haage for which they are to [must realize that **---'-
receive other products equally nee-1 ~
to titemwlvee And aa educa-
tlon and  Intelligence mread  a^roi
the great otato. -��- ^*thecro*
a*��th* rest ef th^rorfatSJ^ "^
the world, book* aad to-
 .. the Russian demo-
cracy will never willingly yield to
German autocracy; ���"���**   ��v-ji   ������ -
itocracy,   and   that   our
that ea��teirJ1*'*?.' co- B "-"> PAGE EIGHT
THURSDAY .... January It, 1111
* i��
Bargains in Suits, Overcoats, Gent's Furnishings of every kind!
the like of which have never before been offered in Western,
... *':
Dick is. putting on this sale solely because of the necessity of reducing his stock to make room for Spring shipments now on the
This suit is the genuine stuff
in blue serge���real English
material���guaranteed to give
perfect satisfaction. Made up
in the latest style. Your
choice of a number of models.
Regular price  $25.00.    Sale
Exceptionally good nfaterial
���Scotch tweeds and English
worsteds. These suits will give
unexcelled service; made up
on this season's models. Your
choice from many mixtures.
Pre-war prices $20 to $25,
Sale price    _���^.���$1496
A line of suite in material
that can't be beat���pure wool
all imported cloth; Scotch
tweeds, English worsteds, in
fancy mixtures; many shades;
large variety of models. A
suit that will  "stand up"    '
under any conditions. Regular prices to $35. Sale price $24.95
$30 OVERCOATS POR $19.75
A line of good serviceable
coats���warm and comfortable
���can be depended upon for,
good wear. Values from $25
to $30. Sale pries _....^~.~.$19.78
$35 OVERCOATS FOR $24.95
A high-grade line of high-
grade overcoats, in dark
colors and fancy cheeks. Regular price $35. Sale price ........$24.95
The famous "Aquatite"
Raincoat���the moat popular
raincoat in the Old Country
in brown and grey. Six only.
Regular $18 value. Special
sale price IfJ, $1(1.00
Here's a genuine bargain for
all-round wear���a good street
suit, neat, stylish; will wear
well; in good staple patterns
and colors, Regular $25 to
*30. Sale price -_��.���,-	
The best worsted suit on the
market-^absolutely pure wool
finest quality; best English
weave���a suit that has been
one of our best selling lines
���in aH models/ Regular values to $40, Sale price ....... $29.96
A line of young men's fancy
suits, in belters; good quality
worsted; all the new models;
single and double breasted;
snappy in appearance. Regular value $25. Sale price $18.95
Especially smart appearing,
in several fabrics���suite that
have a real swagger to them;
all the latest fixings. Regular
values $18 to $20. Sale price $12.85
Good serviceable working
shirts in black twill. Regular
$2. Sale price .~..__..-_$1.46
Fine quality black sateen work
shirts. Regular $1.50. Sale
price .in.fi>ii. mi..������.! !������ imiiiiii �������������~ ......a*.all
Heavy weight work attrjjk in
pure wool; best quality^in
fancy checks. Regular $8 ���.���$3.96
The famous Carharrt make-
always sells for $3.00���in blue,
black  and blue stripe. Sale
P**VV       -���-�����a^^����a*��a����a*#��a.*��.��ai��**aaa��*-��#����a-��aa#'^PW,fW
The genuine kind���made in
England���a,sock you can depend upoa Sale price, per
pair   in.j ,i,. I,... 11,, .mi-.i��    .���,...
Prompt service and special consideration given to out-of-town
customers. Call at Dick's. Make his centrally located store your
headquarters while in Vancouver.
i "���   ', i '���:; ",';,:,�����:���!'rftfae
33-45-47-49* Hastings ShEasi\


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