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Kamloops Wawa Jul 1, 1895

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Array No. 130.
SO Centimes,
lO Cents.
Vol. IV. No. 7.     KAMLOOPS WAWA.
July, 1895.
r   -iT
M
The shortestway toleam
the Shorthand is through,
tUe Chinook, and. the short*
esb Way to leariv the. Chinook
is throucjh the Shorthand.
Dvh the cover oj- this paper
vow. ha/ve. all tkat is neces -
Soury j"or Uot^mViof this Sys-
tewyof 5horthanc(.
v-,-Take the Alphabet at Hie.
fop of next pcxq*., av\d. ao
ovi> To oUcibher every Word.
that comes alona. You.
Will hourly have deciphered all the matter on this
^ovtr, wWtn. you. will be
Surprised to jmdyourself
/amih'ar With ail the   secrets o\ this shorthand.
' This paper is now produced by Photo.£waraiWV»cj,a
process which cdloyi/s space
■j^or nearly ^-ti/e tivne$ as
much reaxUna OLsbtfore..
One. pcxcre o\ this contains
as much as j-iVe paaes <?$•
the j-ormev numbers.   By
coi^parino/ the spac*. occu-
pud. by £ngUsk text ih/iiH
typeand/ the same. mPho.-
noaraphy,'a$ in next pacy
it will be Seeyu ^kXtonepacf*.
iV» shorthand i$ equyl to
$o*)0 paqes ordinary type..
This paper iss wed .monthly, ott |, i.00 pfirannww.
Posh Stamps accepted. English , CanoLciicvYi or \y\. S....
72? our Reocofers.
'rr> Gjir6 rf^> *^fh &f>
tb-? *' yj>A^t-°^y> L/&&y
my of\_y <y-°.' —dZ^ &&, -A
dlr- ^° Xds COp bb 'Jc?
^   /<?C? l/^ . Jl^ op
"^y^^y? " ^-^ G?- GCp <S't>d
yJm>CDp oC-y .„   id lr-rs
y°y°4J&cpp^y»^ G-^yh
'A-ly^ S\ 2j£ G(p.
'-iTU} D^iyrsOp t»b L-A£y4
C90 ' CDp ^ ^ —dZoZ^_y
b *>a —^-y^'^et on^y ~>a
6-° 3l%a G(pop bt ?
dbcofa Lb "2&A Gfi^£
cypdb'- <>'*yl'b> *—
—^"i&k- ^ * Qy «y-*'*ytf*^-
o^yGCpojp^ MbhiA ^
'^G p, -ydyy- opp fa ^
<>^fd<yjt<£Cp0'-°dy*>'7>
s±y>. (y-yty J^» op ^^-^
db <<<P—o **>& *• - *5 '^<6 cop
^y> L^ G(p ]y_ydrd'yb> y G (>
)rjyd-i dtr iZyA *-*> • Qy '"*%
c<p op r--y-»A I z^k a ^>5
yo£ S-^cLy C(p ^"K^-Q-j lb-
I oyi_y Cp op *-*€. ' y db
^di 4o-*y°..-
v4dolre«,s:  Editor of :
Ka.v\loops WolWol;
Kamloops-. .B. C.
AppreK.ez ta. SteViocjfrcc -
phie d Va.icL&.cLiA. Chinook
etle Chinook ct t'aioU oU.
la. Stent?gra.phie,.^ ^
It r»'y oc pas o\s. chemm
ptus cowt^t pOiAr ccoprtn-
o\r<. la. Ste'noartxphit que.
par le Chinook , eti\ y\'y
ex. pcx«, de cV\e.mir\ plus
court pour ajyprer>drc -
le Chinook cm-e. par tec
Ste'noofraphie.. —
La. SteVioarctphie 3)uploye'
estrwn^ Ste'noartxphie n-
rviVerselle,, s'adoptanh
awssi facilementoil toulfs
les lanques, mortes ouVi«
v'ant'fs. /oarbares oa 6iVi-
lise'es.
Le C'hmook est ansii un,
lah.aaae. tAr>iveyse7, cwX
fois plus ftXciU ctvu. \e_ld>-
.k^>^-;-.Ls'oLpp«nd.-/r.i|i—
le jdii plus vitt.Ves mil-
liers de. persoftnec, dn toutes
natioMs S'en Sotit series et
S'en serpent tons fes jours.
L'AbonnemeKit ot tt petit
papier- est cU u^Dollav,
ou. C7tncr Ttyanc<: beer an.
NuYAt'ro j^<LUVAtyv\^ Sixcenli,
CmcyutxriSe Centimes.
Ev\Voyzz Ac Timbre* twife
fram^u's, AnaluUi>. Canadieit
OidcXme'ricainS •
Adrcssez a Z'i'clitfur ttiX
Kami oops Wawix
Kawloops.kB.i- (Ca^adjii THE   DUPLOYAN   PHONOGRAPHY
Duployrxn Phonetic Alphabet.
I. Simple, j-or Chinook.
o
a
O
o
CD
c?ff
.      -
k
0 &
OW   WOL
y   y^
1 sh
^k.
IP1       '<       t      5h       5     tt.    m
17. Complete, forjintflish.
» O O G 0  ~ ~ <   y ~y *  *»  *
<? <?ir cw wcc a. cu e.
dy
d   ^J  /-    i    y    k
This system oj- Shorthand vi/asfirit
published in France, by the PtLploye, Brothers , in 1$67. _ It woLs/irst taught ft)
the Indians oj British Columbia, , <xt
. Cold water, in the jail of lS?c?.
A novel idea*, some vVi'Usay,. to .
teach the lnd.ia.ns to react shorthand.'
Would it not be. better to tecstch them
common writing\ — Somebody remar-
.,. N.   f    d yy^y^y^^^JJd - ^   Red in Vbll; They, are not ccble to
Hp/U d. ^ v Aa T r sh ch s ts n n^mfAeA;   leourn. the old hand, vvritiW, how
^^ j.^      (ea|r„ shorthand—Because
this shorthand- is one. hundred, .nay*
one thousand, times Simpler than
the old. writing. Any one can Uctrw
it in a. few foow.r$, and become, expert in ii in a few clays'.
Thou Sounds o\ Indians alt <?i/<r ♦
3
*   9
o
<7.
IJI.jVumeVa.ls.
i     -     \    /   'c
1     2.      3    4   r 6
HiaUs. /. Write sounds .otfly.
JI. A mot AnyUs.
III. Write I andr upwards.
Remark.. The whole shortliandt'sifan :
you need only wo>r/' iT cut
this cowntryotre r\ow abU to r^ocd
and. write  this shorthand .M'ost 'of-
Lf 1 I     *i      '•        i.     ■* ft -1
'?<^^? yd2 nf— -^y^d£> > *"•* y?j%   ^m Uar ntd it in two or th r€«, oJajft.
<2^> \^^^^^^«o^?c\-^ h/^ 'Ttay-w.tHour-kfMl to-^atfifo'ip-fhc".
^ <»*. ^i^j^J^-ow^<V/i^:'- •     blessing o{ beinj ptUe ta reoj4   the
•?.-«"£«- - -P<x<^ ^, r~y\,^-^gykp    skortKeihki..«"We rec&ive now/,t*Ae/
P^C^Jd7'' cc^-^^-i^^^- Cv^-^     $ow» ^o>r«, insftrtAcfrwv in one tf^ek
^» -^ v- <^ t^yd^^y^^y-^^^s^yg*   th£n ,vVe COu.ld teariv b<?fc-tx i>v 5e^ml
y^ft— •*-^,v^^<kX^yf^--<3k^\/vC>^  months, whe»v vi/e hcuL'hQ other way
^ " "~^ iPdT^lft?* K<-c8y \7ddi. ~g>-~q
/Ti yf**m~m .^*f -    *   '_ .
C^Uarnincjf tharv by"CM«t^p.fch'tcan's."t>
Many of them can now begiVv    ft>
^<yKp».«»^- '^^^^--•^^    Wrn, the £n^U*sh iom^a^< ,for
I ly^^^ybd^K *<<hy^H mt:~*     IhtWritino) of n^hich this thortham
^^^— *>«/ <5 w^"^, ^•^^•t^yiV'-,' •        Why not adopt This sylfym of-
<P^>* «?<5^ ^*- ' ° Vf^T^ At/^*'' »'• 5»Sortkowd. for wst tVv th<} Jpncjtiih
^—.j^^-CACv^ci^^^^k^^v^ Schools, as it*is used ttx.t<K>3rVely9
v^^^^^>^^^vy<Lw^^<:></' fp ojrea^advant-a:cJ<.k throughovct*
72^~ •'V^a<^»--.^. S^v.^^^--.^ Children cot»\ (earn, fy reotot this Pho-
^^^^^^^,§c9'^P^>^ Ytojrafny iy\l"WoW^ks»Withaf(ftcerv
-^/-~^^A>-xw,.K jc^^, ^^ » ^^d>_i minuteUsson. wiry day.- Then, in-
^ • iS-d^ls. -0^ -^ ^C— ^ eve"—£_• Stead of cUctottim, exerc/ses may  be
iTc^«^-v*^o.^^v'Zv^^ writi/en. in shorthand.on thcblat^ar4
*■ *w-^>- ^^-V*^/y ^^V^v/^^-«^^ <,rolnerwise,tob< transcribed mf& ordi'-.
'*r^yy%-Tyy=i*r&^~* i^g »c9- oV^C^v? fca>7 writing, Ifeed ih tiW v/ay%thi'j PAa-
, 13. tkUed iVv thaf v/ayA   	
K04raphy WomK bfcoyn^ ex. pov/erj-nt mw«j
oV teaching orthoya^hy. 3&\dzs that,
pvupils frained i'n tKat v/ay, wowtd
com* out of School per|ett Stenographer*,
J.M.R ■
^ RAW FURS
READ THIS!
,(y\7J^cd'^"€cP^
S^Jl^
CLy
JAS. McMILLAN & CO.. -  Minneapolis, Minn,
R.   E.   SMITH,
Established   1883,
DEALER IN
Dry Goods, Groceries,
Boots and Shoes,
Clothingr-Millineryr—^
Carpets,
House Furnishings, Etc.
KAMLOOPS, B.C.
019 Man's 3f©me,
KAMLOOPS, B.C.
Quilchena 3fofel,
Near the Center of
NIC0LH    LHKE,
50 Miles South of KAMLOOPS,
Health and     *
-£^8umme^RLesGrtr
JOS.   RATCHFORD,
Superintendent.
Beautiful Scenery
and Climate.
E}D.   O'ROURKE,
PropHctor.
INLAND SENTINEL,
IN TOUCH WITH THR
Mining, Banehing £ Gommereial Interests
OP THE
INTERIOR OF B. C.
Subscription, $2.00 pep Year.
SEND FOR SAMPLE COPY FREE.
Kamloops, B.C. OTHER   PUBLICATIONS:
Bishop Durieu's Chinook Bible History.   With English
interleaved.    1 vol. bound, post paid, $1.25
Kamloops Wawa, 1892, 1893, or 1894.     With Indian
Prayers.    Three volumes, bound ; now rare,   .    .    .   each, $2.50
COSMOPOLITAN  HOTEL,
The oldest established house in
KAMLOOPS, B.C.
dT. H. MUSSEL, Froj?.
GO  TO
KAMLOOPS, B.C.
Dealer and manufacturer in
Stoves, Tinware. Plumbing, Hardware, Paints, Oil and Glass.
KAMLOOPS, B.C.
For  EJJRNITTIliE, CATtl'ETS?
WINDOW-SHADES, Etc.
M.  GAGLIETTO,
General Merchant,
KAMLOOPS, B.C.
*-&*»   STATUARY    DEPARTMENT **^^.
-OF-
D. & J. SADLIER & CO.
Wolic Publishers, Booksellers and Stationers,
IMPORTERS OF
HO
JiVlWiB, I1
&
i 23   Church" Street,
TORONTO.
1669 Notre Dame St.
MONTREAL.
We have the BEST European Artists, and Skilful Painters,
working on our Statues, and we can supply immediately, or on
short notice, a great variety of statues of Saints and Religious-
Groups, in all sizes, in Plaster, Plastique, or Cement, with plain
or rich decorations artistically finished; also a large and varied
assortment of models for drawing.
All orders are given our personal attention, and we are
daily in receipt of .highly complimentary letters from all
parts of the country. { '
t
ink j.
Vol. IV. So. 7.
KAMLOOPS WAWA.
July, 1895.
The first engraving in this paper is
that of the Coldwater Indian Village,
in Nicola, B.C. Coldwater was a mere
desert, or simply a hunting ground,
twenty years ago.   An oldish Indian,
Paul Satchie, -came there with his
family and some friends, and induced
half  of  the Boston Bar Indians   to
follow him, for the purpose of rearing
horses, tilling the ground,  and procuring a .more certain means of livelihood ithan  the   fish   and   game on
which hitherto they had to rely as
sole   sustenance.     He   had  another
object in view, which was to make
Christians of all those people, which
project could not have been so easily
accomplished at Boston Bar, where
they were constantly in contact with
indifferent and heathen Indians.   He
set to work with all the might of his
soul, conducting the prayers morning
and night, showing himself the example he wanted them to follow.   As
early as five a.m. in the summer and
six in the winter he would rise and
summon  his people  to prayer.    iHe
could not be induced to drink liquor,
eat meat on Friday, or work on Sunday, either by the bribe of a reward .or
=by=the direst=threats.=*HeAvas always-
opposed to the Tamanoaz, or Medicine
Man, and did all he could to diminish
their influence over his people.    It
was he who started the construction
of the first chapel at Coldwater, and
built it nearly all himself.   Paul was
a strong  and  healthy  man   in  his
younger days.   He accompanied and
guided the early parties of surveys
and explorers in the country.   Lieut. -
Gov. Dewdney  and  Judge   O'Reilly
had  him  in   their  company during
their pioneer excursions throughout
the country, and held him in high
esteem.   Twenty-five years ago/Paul
accompanied Bishop d'Herbomezvand
another  JTather   from Welle tip    fao
Cariboo. He would start on foot
ahead of the party, arrive first at the
rendezvous and light the fire; then,
as soon as the Bishop and party had
arrived, he would take care of the
horses, prepare the supper, pitch the
tents, and arrange whatever they
had that could be called a bed—I
mean green grass or leaves with the
blankets on top. He would watch the
horses, and retire to rest last of all,
hut not before having spent some
time in saying most fervently his
nightly prayers. Next morning he
would be the first on foot. Before
the others were awake he would say
his prayers, then attend to the animals, prepare the breakfast, get the-,
horses ready, pack up everything,,
and start again on foot, to be still the.
first at next evening's rendezvous-
After leaving the party at Cariboo,
he came back to Yale on foot in eight
days—that is, at the rate of fifty miles
a day.
The second plate in   this   number
shows all the Indian Chiefs of British
Columbia who were present at the
great  meeting  at Sechelt, in June,
jL890.~———     —  -—
***
The Catechism pages were not ready
for this month, kbut we hope to have
them in next number.
The usual pages of New Testament
are also missing in this issue. They
are replaced by two extra pages of
the Old Testament.
The balance of the paper is taken
up by the Shushwap prayers. As
there is a large meeting of Shushwap
Indians to take ,place at Sugar Cane,
near William's Lake, in the first half
of  July, and  as those  Indians  are 98
EDITORIAL   NOTES.
anxious to have their prayers in print,
it has been found advisable to collect
in the same number as many as
.possible, of their prayers.
*'
It will be noticed that all those
pages of Shushwap prayers are divided in four. The intention is to
use the plates afterwards for printing
a small size prayer book.
*
A young Indian, from Lillooet
iMeadovss, named Ignace Dick, was
-present at the High Bar meeting, on
the last Sunday in April. Seeing
some paper written in Chinook, he
took it up and began to read it plainly,
evidently with the desire of being remarked. Next day he took an envelope with some French printed on it
"in shorthand, which he also read to
the best of his ability. He also read
a few lines of English iii shorthand,
then Indian languages different from
his own, etc. Before returning home
he left a small script in shorthand,
which read plainly: "You want to
heat me, but you can't beat me; I
know all the Chinook writing."
X-    -X-
In the Nicola country, B. C, there
lire~fhr"e"e~old" men=Temlh-skoo 1-11 an-,
Haap-kan and Shoo-yaska—who are
still pagans,'and who have spent their
early lives in the Semilkaraeen, or
between the Semilkameen and the
Nicola. But they are neither Semilkameen nor Nicola Indians. They
belong, to another family,.;of which
they are now the only survivors.
Temelh-skool-han still remembers a
few words of his old language, which
he was not allowed to speak by the
Nicola Indians. Here is a list of those
\vovd&-:—Sek'-ha, woman ; shna-hle t
sck-ha, a lazy woman';' rapentle' he
rciin tic hen, a lazy man ; sh-lio, horns;
khec, avvo\y;nal<;isi, arrow poi7uV;
voscss, soup- olali ; -terienn, bearberry i
ttoolh,   strap   or   band   for packing;
roroltooty, small fish; tlcentkshin,
another kind of fish ; selh - ka - ke,
ground hog ; skoivm, to - morrow ;
a toe k 'ha, come, child.
■#•
A book well worth reading is that
of Rev. Father Alf. Young, "Catholic
and Protestant Countries compared
in Civilization, Popular Happiness,
'General Intelligence and Morality."
Published by the Catholic Book Exchange, 120 "West 60th street, New
York.
..*
Another book, of importance to all
people interested in British Columbia,
is "The History of British Columbia,
from its Earliest Discovery to the
Present Time," by Alexander Begg,
aii octavo volume of 568 pages. It
should be in every house in the
country. Price, $3.00. Address: Alexander Begg, 22 Kingston street, Victoria, B. C.
Here is a clipping from the "Montreal Gazette," of November29th, 1894,
concerning the "Kamloops Wawa"
and the Chinook jargon, which will
be found interesting :—
Some four years ago, the "Gazette" published
an article on the Chinook Jargon or Oregon Trade
language, under the heading of " Chinook versus
Greek.'' The title was suggested by a rule just
adopted by the Course of Study Committee of the
Methodist General Conference, allowing students
who were candidates for mission work in the Northwest to substitute Cree or Chinook for Greek in
-preparing for their ministry. The value of Chinook
as a medium for communicating with certain Indian
tribes of British Columbia has also been recognized
by other denominations. Some time ago we re-
-ceived—through^-Messrs—D—&—J—Sad!ier-&-Go7—a-
copy of an interesting monthly paper, published at
Kamloops, B.C., and bearing the title of "Kamloops Wawa." The word " wawa " means "speech '.'
or " language," and the object of this little periodical
is to teach the Indians to read- and write their own
tqngue-in shorthand, and also to teach both Chinook
ami shorthand, to persons of French or English
origin. ' The system of phonography employed is
that.of the.Duploye Brothers, first made known in
1S67; and first taught to the natives of British Columbia in the,.falT of1890. The first issue of the
" Kamloops Wawa " appeared on the 2nd of May,
1891, and it 'lias'.-been published regularly every
month„since then. This novel plan has the sanction
of success. There arc sixteen extremely simple
characters or signs in use for writing Chinook, a
fuller alphabet ""being necessary for French or
EngTvsh. It takes up much less space than the
Cree.or Otchipwe or Ojibway syllabaries, and, it is
claimed, is very easily learned by the Indians. The
"Wawa" contains sixteen pages (7 x 3>< inches), of
which fifteen are.printed in,shorthand, witli English
Or French explanations, the whole being produced
by. photo-engraving. One sample page (three
columns) in a script'that is to diamond what
djiunoitd is to-long primer,- is said to comprise
5,000 Chinook, equal to '7,500 English words. The
Diiploye stenography is said to bC adapted to all
languages, and'to be "largely used in France and in
this province.
14 EDITORIAL- NOTES
99
I
u ■■
k)
The "Chinook Jargon, "or Oregon Trade language, is a curiously composite form of speech,
being- partly Chinook, partly Nootka, partly French,
partly English, and partly the result of onomatopoeia. During- the early intercourse of Europeans
with the West coast, Nootka was the emporium of
the traffic, and the Indians gradually picked up
from the sailors some English words. Later on,
when traders began to frequent the Columbia
River, they used the words learned at Nootka, and
in this way the Chinooks, always quick in: catching
sounds, added Nootka and English words to then-
own vocabulary. As early as 1804 a li7igttajimaiica
had thus come into use on the coast. The Nor*-
West, Astor and Hudson's Baj' Companies' servants, and the French voyageiirs, all-contributed
their share to the jargon. When Mr. Horatio Hale,
whose manual is a work of-authority,-'first visited
the coast, it consisted of about 250 words. Of these
18 were of Nootka origin, 41 of English source,
while 34 were French and in formed the Chinook
'substratum. That was more than fifty years ago.
In 1863, when the Smithsonian Institution published
its-dictionary of the language; the number of words
had grown';to 500. - Of these 221 were considered
Chinook,* 94 French,' 67 English, -while the Salish
or.Flathead Indians were'..credited' with 39.
The nationalities of their civilized visitors were
designated respectively- Pasai (Francais) ; Kint-
chossh (King Georg-e, whose medals are known all
through the North-West, being the type of an
Englishman, and Boston (from the French-Canadian Bastounais). A man named Pelton, going
insane, furnished a term for fool or madman. The
term of salutation — c/ak-oh-ah-yali—used to be
traced to the visit of Clark, and his friends' enquiries after his health, and their origin.satisfied
Sir D. Wilson. Mr. Hale, however, prefers" to.'■
assign it a Chinook origin. TTim-tum. is a sound
word for heart (from the pulsation)-;-and is-used for
will, purpose, desire. Up lip (to boil) is --another
such word, imitating boiling water. Kole-sick-
luau'ni-sick is the expressive jargon for fever and
ag-ue. Sli/c is used for tree or anything made of
wood. Hcc Jiec clearly denotes laughter, and is
used for any kind of diversion. One of the commonest words ismn-mook (to make), and can be
used with any noun to indicate every kind of
operation or proceeding. Ilia hcc (ground) is also
used in all sorts oC ways, as JJosror, illahcc (the
United States), .mima loose -ilia hcc (deatii ground,
cemetery), saga lie HlaJiec (mountain, highlands).
All strong liquors are called turn (rum). Ship,
pray, tea, sick, stone^, sing, nose, soap, mama, papa,
^aTYd'^thWrvtfftl^
English. The French words adopted have mostly
undergone some change, as viahsie (merci), Dialich,
(marier), pe (puis) used for "and," lawcsthi (la
niedicine), etc. The Nootka word hyas .great) is
used with other words to indicate a larger animal,
etc.,   resembling a  smaller  one." as puss-picss.   or
pish-pish (a c;\i),/tyaspuss-puss (a panther).' The
Nootka pollaich Igift) is also largely u?,v<.\ both as
noun and verb. These few examples will show that .
the Chinook Jargon is not without interest to the
student of language. For missionaries and others
who have intimate dealings with the Indians of the
Pacific 'province it is essential to prollable intercourse. There is some slight divergence between
the spelling of Ivlr. Male and that of the " Kamloops Wawa," but the phonetic system solves all
such diliiculties. .Apart from the good work that it.
is doing among the Indians, their little .paper is
well worthy of attention as affording a key to one
of the most interesting of composite tongues. How
many of the languages oi' civilization have developed in similar fashion by accessions from outside
sources?—and in the obscure prehistoric, past how
often may this ver"y:process, have.been repeated to
form what we, deefn' x.\\<z..ursprci(./:e'of some great
family of speech? Thosii -who are'curious on the
subject may obtain fuller satisfaction- bv addressing
the' Editor of the '' Wawa;"-at- Kainfoops,r' H. C'.',
and enclosing a dollar.
"Kamloops Wawa" hereby thanks
Mr. H. M. Pernin, of Detroit, Mich.,
for an. article in the April number of
"Pernin's Monthly 'Stenographer,"
"Shorthand among Indians."
■***,
"Pernin's Monthly Stenographer"
is a very interesting magazine concerning shorthand, typewriting, etc.,
with shorthand lessons and exercises
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French. Some, of the vowels have
been changed, and a number of combinations adopted in'the Pernin system, in order to attain as much brevity as.possible in writing the English
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"The Missionary Record" for May,
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the article of the "Chicago Sunday
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Maibelle Justice. "The Missionary
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lia,." by Very Rev. M. II. Gaughrcn,
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last of all, condensed news from all
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To be had at Burns & Gates. London,
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