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Kamloops Wawa Jan 1, 1895

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Array t-
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No. 124.
BO centimes.
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Vol. IV. No. 1.      KAMLOOPS WAWA.     January, 1895.
The shortest way to learn,
the Shorthand is through/
the Chmook, and the short*
est Way to leana/ the Chinook
lb ihrouojh the Shorthand.
-    On, the cover oj- this paper
you. ha/vt. all tUott is neces-
.  Sccry for learning this System*.^ Shorthand.
„C-Take the Alphabet at the.
fop oj next pacji, ar.d jo
oa/ fo decipher every Word.
that comes alontf. )?ou.
Will hocrdly have deciphered all the matter on this
coyer, when you. ivi'll be
"Surprised, tojindyourselj
familtar vvith all the  secrets of this shorthand.
4r=V'-::
'¥' ■■'■ ■
fc-y- "v
#'■.-■■;.■.
•• This paper is nou> produced by Photo £ngraying,a
~~process~whicrrauovi/5~spac£
Jror nearly fivt times as
mvuhx reading txs'beford.
0ne patfe oj-mis contours
as much as jiVt pa-3«£ of",
the formzr numbers.   By
comparing the space, occu-
:p;ed-by English text injxill
type and the samt inPho--
.hparaphy,'a$ in next p«j«.
it will be seen/thatompacf*.
in shorthand is eaual to
g<?r J0pag.es ordinary type.
This pojjeri'is wed monthly, at. <§>i.OD per annum.
r .Post" Stamps accepted.Em-
;, qlish.i Caha.cU»w f r-M.,5.,
7£ our Headers.
o%^ Jh\^/v<^2 ro/ r~y^or ..
^ /c7c? i^». cP^ CP^)
- /Ipprcwel let Sfmojroo -
phie d 1'aioie.tiu. Chinook
etle 6'hiwook d I'aioU oU
la Ste'ncjgraphie-.   *
,IL ^V-01- p«-S de'chemm
plus.court pour af>preh-
c\r*. la Stenocjraphie que
par le ^hmook\>hil n'y
ex pas de chernin plus
cowrt pour apprendre, ;
U Chinook opmc par loc
Ste'noqraphie..
La Stehoarapbie ^ujiloye'
est" une Ste'no^rocphie u:
rviVerselU, s'aaopfant-
aussi'-fatilementov. toutrs
les lartques, mortes o« Vi«
v"ant-«s. foarbares ou, civi-
lise'es.
. Le 6'hmook est awssi uru
lanqaiqe. universel, ce^t
foi^ plus^otM'l* era*. le.Z£-
i'j        ■' I l'l    i' , V '/."nil       -      ,      i»     .       «•'■
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:'.'.■■ -'is THE   DUPLOYAN   PHONOGRAPHY
Dwploycxn Phonetic '/4lphaket.
[. Simplt, j-or Chinook.
o
CL
O
o
tl p  t
CD
Off
/
k
O   &
our wol
<
I
sh
5      ft-
m
l\. Complete, j-orXnglish.
S"   ^l   r     ^    j     ^
1 o a o & ~ ?. <  „ _
a   tf ^ *jw wu, a, at e   t*. u. oun* ifuoiv un,
.hpTbfc.d J-v Ag T r sh clj s  fs n n<jr w^etc
111. Numerals.
\     %      3    4   ? 6   7- $   ?   <?.
' Hi ul« S. /. /#-*/<e Sonnets or?ly.
H. A i/oicl Angles."
III. Write I andr upwards.
Kemark.. 7^ /*vW* shorthand is there :
you need only work it cut.
"*>*" ~'*q) ■v-/ *^ /~0"*
~ --r>cx-j^ L^*J^}fJ ^■^z^/ky
*^» ^^c^l^^^*^^^*^
^ - **)?.   L^^ /^ * «~ C**' t/^S. n&~Z^*.
^^/-^A>^,K^^^^^^^
"^\^^^y^<^2
<--w
"*^Ot>
. Thi*> system 6\ Shorthand waajint
published in Trance- by the DuptoyeHro-
thcrs, in l^X. _ It wa,s/irslr toutght to
the Indian oJ-3rftisrtColumbiov , at
Cc?tdwa.ter,in Ihtfoill of WO.
A novel idea/, some vi/i'llsay,. -fo .
teacV\ the, Indiocns to read shorthand.'
Would il not be, better to teoccfi them
common Writing'. — SoiYiebpdy remarked \r\ iW: They, owe, not able, to
learrt the old hand, writing, how
coch they learn shorthand I—Because
this shorthand is one. hundrcci,nay
one thousand, times SsVnpler tnan
the. old. vi/rzting. y4ny Jne can leocrnv
it in a j-cv/ liours , and became, expert in if in a few aayS.
Thou,Sounds oj Indians all ovtr »
tnis country are now able to rea4
and write  this shorthand •M'tfst :f?f'
them learned it in two .^r three, <fay£.
' They are thankful to Cp<3( for fte.
blessing of beina o^ble to reexjd   tKe
sVkorthotrtd.^-"We rece/v^e. novi/»tney
Socy, rt\or*. instruction/ in one, vfeek
than%vi/e could learns before, in, $ev^ml
months, wnen, We, nod. no ot^er Woty
^learning than, by end; repehttons,,,
Many of them can n«w begin/     to
lea.rn/thc^nglish JL«ngaag^.,for
the V/nti'ng of Which this shorthand
is as weiradajptecVy~
Why not adipt this system <»{•
shorthowol -f-oru$<; iVw the English
Schools, as it is used e*.tensrVely>
to great advantaj*., throughou^
France. cXnd ZoWW Canaela,.
Childlrewcan learn- to read, this Phonography in tvJo vi/tlks, with af if teefv
minute lesson, eveiry day. ^ Then, m-
$te«.d ot oUchxtipyv, cxerc^'ses may be
Written in short hand,on thcWackbo*r<l
or otherwise., to be transcribed! into ordinary writing, feed in that Way^thi* ?ho<
nogrotphy woul^ .become, ot pav/e^M? maws
oj- ttff.chiv»a orth.og,^^^. ^esK&s t^at,
pvupiU fraineJ m t&tffr v/ay, w»iAtc6
cow* out o\ School perjtttt Sfenotfraphw, " '>' I
Vol. SV. No. I.
KAMLOOPS WAWA.       January, 1895;
It is now three years and six months
since the first appearence of Kamloops
¥awa, May 2nd, 1891. Of this issue, only
100 copies were distributed ; the most of
which had to be given away, there being
very few persons with interest enough
in the publication to offer their subscription. The paper had even to be discontinued after 4 months, until Feb. 2nd., 1892,
when it reappeared as a weekly letter of
four pages, this idea having been suggested by multiplied correspondence
among the Indians. The first week 50
copies were issued, the following week 75,
then, 100 ; and so on to 200, which number
was the limit reached until January 1st,
1893, when it was increased to 300, and
continued on this scale until March 1894,
when 500 had to be printed, then 600, 750,
1000,  and at last 1200 from May till Dec.
1894. .
Kamloops Wawa now begins its fourth
year with a monthly circulation of 2000
copies.
It considers its first duty to thank God
for the blessings He deigned to confer on
it, and which, it has been the means of
extending to numbers of people.
It has also the happiness of attesting its
gratitude to our Holy Father Pope Leo
XIII, who bestowed on it a special blessing on the occasion of Bishop Durieu's
last visit ad Limina.
It has also to express its deep thank
fulness and devotedness to His Lordship,
Bishop Durieu who helped its beginnings,
enlightt-ned its editing, and contributed to
its pages such a large amount of beautiful
chinook matter. Kamloops Wawa is proud
of having the honor to perpetuate those
pages of the Chinook Bible History (Old
and New Testament) the fruit of so many
"hours of HiFEoTdslrip'sndevotecllabnr.       ~~^
Thanks also to the very Rev. Father
Soullier, Sup. Gen. of O. M. I., whose encouraging visit last summer was so quickly
succeeded by the transformation of this
paper from a poor production of a mineo-
graph to the most attractive form of photoengraving.
Thanks also to the Rev. Fathers of the
mission's in different districts,'through
whose kind interest in Kamloops Wawa,
the knowledge of the new writing, has
been imparted to their respective flocks.
Heart-felt thanks also to all our friends,
far and near, who have recently taken so
lively an interest in our work. Fur each
and all, let us say at the beginning of the
New Year. "Vouchsafe, O Lord, to reward with eternal life all those who do us
good for Thy name's sake ! "
We offer you this new copy of " Kam-,
loops  Wawa ", trusting you will receive
it with the same kindness to which you
have of late accustomed us.
We had so much matter for our monthly
budget, that we had to reduce it to l'2l6j
making that page equal to 16 ordinary
pages in shorthand, and to 32 pages of
common English reading. The Shushwap
Indians were so delighted with the contents of a similar page in the November
number, that they made their young men
write it out in large characters, that whosoever wished, might copy it for private
study.
Two photo-engravings appear in this
number : one His Lordship Bishop Durieu ; the other, a group of Shushwap
Indians.
An English method of the Duployan
Phonography is given, complete in three
pages. It by no means pretends to compete
with the other learned systems of short
hand in vogue among the American and
European people; but it offers a simple
explanation of the system used in this
paper to teach the Indians jand others to
read' and .write English as well as their
own idiom.
These lessons may also be precious to
numbers of persons, who, not having sufficient time for the study of the higher
systems of short hand would nevertheless
wish for a more speedy way of transcribing their notes than the long hand.
In the two pages of catechism ; one
side, Chinook and English in Phonography and the other bearing the English
text in full type, it is obvious how practical is this system of short hand to bring
the natives to the knowledges of English
reading   and writing.
^^(Fol^^rlore'Englislrreading see pages 14"
and 15.
And now, kind readers, who would wish
to give your mite towards the propagating of the good news of the Gospel, you
will not, we know, hesitate to send us your
subscription for the coming year. What
to you is a trifle, given from your abundance, will be to us a great help in our
need.
The cost of the issue of the paper, each
month, is from $50 to $60 ; and we rely
on the help of your generosity both in
contributing your own share and engage-
ing your friends to imitate you.   ,
May the blessing of God bo with you
always.
J. M. R.
,-'i|
d'k
■":).'■
I K  I
•jK
7,     i
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~ ■'■■■'A 'i 1 OUR  MONTHLY   BUDGET.
& ii
Over 5000 Chinook words equal to 7500 English words, in one page.
l'\?
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SfAjrirj. Wrc/iK* and Martyr.
3/-. 30J^^<jt'A.<£-«J)-i--<'.—r,
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Et. Eev. Bishop PAUL DUEIEU, O. M. I.
BISHOP OF NEW WESTMINSTER, B. C.
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DUPLOYAN   PHONOGRAPHY  ENGLISH   METHOD
Elements oJ^TkonoarcLphy.
Is- lesson..
The first lesson comprises jive.
phonographic elements,and exercises..
i^Write a. small circle, the smallest
you. ear.: "o„.Thatis the sound txah„s
or "a „ as Wfctt, joiner, ask..' °
2,- Write novo a circk much lamer
thorn, tine, first; "p,. .That vi/i'll answer
for "^,,, and. WiU figure "oc/asin not,
note, form, or "a.,;\x\ falk, ail.     .
3°-The same size circle, with a
tail inside, *£>,., Will starvd, for''<^,,
in m6on,-u/aolt or "ia„ in W«, /*#.
4f The fourth siqn is a short per*
penaiculour, about ont eighth of atv ■
fncK long '<\ n invariably written
aownwcxrds ; iVis the letter 'Jo,,,
.   S-^A perpendicular, tvi/o or three
times lonojer is the. siqn usee! jor Hie
consonant   <3„.
Write aqourvthe monogram "l,/>^
biAt.bej-or enigma the pen,, draw-an<&s
snort perpendicular ctousn usotrds • it
makes: « J or b, Potpti. In the sawe,
""ST^ 4or%<P°P>>\ qorfytpoop.,,
Ij to the ntonolgram "J ..you'add ano
er '<„„ , you will have\ "J , papcc.J}
o
ah
§h
00
P
/,
b"
WitV\ these five elements, we can,
already figure a number oj- wttrds.
Draw the. siqn wsea for •/?,, ending
it ir\ a sm«.U circle as lASeA jor "<zkj:
I. You have the word. tft>cL0 :  (,.
It would he Wrona to make an angle
Between the/? andtne oc, by placinq
the circle straight under the perpendr=
cular:"4„.ThatWould make two"
Strokes of the pew instead of one..
The angle is avoided. Jby turmnot the,
circle either side of the perpentficu -
lar:"!, orj,,. r   r
0Mr-.area.l; rule is i"o avoidanales,
Whenever it is possiJbk. ^
Now,draw the/? "as befores and
termmate by a lo6rge circle., as f or
_^_:_"K_Jt./oiA_have_Hn€_word:yd?^«;.-	
Draw again the Same as forpa&j
entering in a. tail, from the point where
the circle closes: "l, „ . Yoia have /^.
.Write now first^etetter '^„ JW*
nmg at the bottom, so as to connect
Without angle, with thefolloiVina fetter
pn. /on have ;"<} or p,; <z£, In the Same
^«jW>eir: .q or p, <p, BVfl, <*?/>.
Write now along perpendicular, as
jor <5, terminating into a. small circle..   .
YoiA havey« | ,/*,„. In the sanoe mm-
ther
.     Ma.* It y/itl be very useful /ostufl/j
' tnis lesson two or three tiroes ^?V£r, ^opy--
ina, all siofns ahd monoarams, before
passing to the next. % also sugaestat=
tention to avoid makinq the "«„ too
lar^e~ or the "o„ too >rkxll. Scanners
art also liable to make the/ptpolona
or th< / too 6hort, so as to confound
the one tetter with the other.
„ IRd Lesson.
"••The second Ifsson adds only fbVomore
elements to the ones already given. tiHev
/> and st the Sowwds /"anfll 'd art similai;
' the one being sharp «ma short, and the
other,loncj and Soft. The letterY„ Will
be represented by an horizontal tine,
very short, always Wr;ttewy/v>« ^// So
riyht: «-. „ .The Utter f'4„ the same.
Si^f> , miAch lonaei^-' " . f  .
M)vv, v/rite an'Tjorizonfaf Une3 very
5hort, terminah'ncj Without ctngh, in*
to a very small circle twrjoed above- or
below the tine : " _^ c^r^ , tac.Jn [ht
Same manner: "-£s)^>jtoei^>     3too.tJ
Thew., write first the vowd, followed by
the consonant, without making an anqle;
<•<*- or^, aj/; a. tfrcr, ^/. gl, _-^<
Write again _o, and bejore lifting the
pen, draw/anotKer "/„ ; 'La. „ foet,' >Cl. ,
tauyht;J2-, toot.
A number of other words can be. written
_vyith^the-help-o/-th z-two con son oLnt-s-leam^-—
ed. in the first lesson: -o -d tup. -O ■
~p}top. -f,Jf> toop.   'Here the drc'U
is turned above the line, So as to connect
without ancjlt with the following consonant
without the pen runmn the same course
twice.
£xerct'ses.   _d _d _£D	
f. ^^ ^^ —*° —O —O
-Q CL.    _0    _£U /       /
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^w^iwffT^y«tJ?V4>'s?;
ti»fcirtl«V5;S^tf* IVtih^k,,,,, j   tr-T,-
...■In  ■^■^~.^^v^nw-;;.v,'o;i^-^l^/i/i^^^...^1 3 1 ] 3 '( "5 AT    3.3 < T < ( TS 1 I Y   EI* (.. 1 Jf H-   ]N 1 U!( D
5
F     v      IJi^LeSSOn:' t Vlli^ Lesson.
h-\ .v:\ .*Two more siqns are ao\-       *». ■>   r/a -,      ,. ,     »    r     .    .   , :.
ded to tk£>ones already tfnowvx: ftfc    cu%,2 \.QifA^f ?f^J"0'3le>
similar Sounds/W J, ^e, represent-^1!^ w,1i u   3^'^   ^"/T?
Colby slantmq tVnes,draw/fdoxin^rds £^5'TjJ^J^hr <^0 ' ^ ^
from left to right, the' ^Leing much   ™ldt WlU Wakc " "^ ^ '
longer than me.J: ./*.N ; ^^
Hf.'j)
verges   ^. *> ^   -> p.^)^
^.kc;
«**«"• V^£)X^N  ^<VcV
IV^ Lesson..
K:/ • Cry- * Two more Sups, y^i's
short a.hd'sharp, and c7 is long ckt.cX
soft. ,4 slanting tine,-, very short, writ*
ten downwards, from nyht toieft,\iK\
represents, the same, much longer,^1-.
A&toL: * When, a sounds li'Me^/.as in y
<zye, it is wn"tten"iikcy, in "Fhonography/
Exercises ■ , £ £ ? O c? Y °( &
<J- cJ- &— )<<c<e< y cy cy ; jo -v
Vk-i> Lesson.
Lt/. K:XX Z and. /tare called //'-
lejt to right, wlU represent these letters,., ^      ^ ?
ashort o^or/, ankl alon3 one Jor/*       £m^sp^ %_ ^ ^
?etiersresemble the p -  --. .
o. But they are perfectly distinct, «.nd
no contusion showld-be made,- for / <3»ncf
/• oiirt written upwards; ii and Of',
downwards. When written j-ro*n the
Same line, t and r will ccscenoL,aSove.
while k candy, descend, 6elozz>)h\i\[\t\L:
I:/; r:/;  ?<:,,;$■/ ■
£x.e.rcises   V y^ry^
IX^ Lesson.^ .
£*:£-. c?nty one consonant left.'/??.
It v/ill be figured \yy a. larq-e. semi-circle curved to the left, and written dcra::^
wards: £ . v
. Xfc^ lesson,
c^/^) , k5*fe.<^.x>lcircle samesj'ze
as O»With a dot inside, will figuretfie
sound o[ eno, on in cou>t now, oust; otr
0£cy in out, stout, etc.: Q.
.Write the letterOs but beforeUftirg
the.pen, "Write a small circle inside^
At first sight, Wlese tVo       . ^ra'ses. '^-O^Q^^ feNo^r
ble the preceding ones, ka^ & H &~ <? erO^GLs cj f.
■XI^ Lesson.
A : * ; ai:p ; €: c . x The five vowels
o O O OO ■> are called patoctal^ vow
els', because they are Sounaecl in the,
palate more or less open.
Cther vowels are called dental, on
„'   V account oj- their bei'^g sounded    be-
.y tween the teeth . We distinguish three
dental vovi/cls:
1- <£ lpnofy as incite, cxte; or &as
in psrey, o6ey, or e short^.as in Jfiet.
H. 92    /y j      t\ C   Tt^     SVfV*     >)/k//iV> *    rti*%   SV   . sv c   iia .
VJlJ: Lesson.
share ; or e as in there, ivhere.
Exercises: *-% r^ ^ <f-N ^-p <^_ ^
o> 00 o° r^ ^V <K —^ ,^ ^
preceding'co^soncmt m e^ery case,
#and with  the folVow'mq one also,    as
mt^ T  oj-ten as it is possible, d dot belon> the
VII- Lesson semi circle will help to d7stinau/'5h the
5: v;.^.ts v^.x^ large. sem.-arde tcconA S0MWa,ah/a dot above wll
curved WAtke li«c, wriftenfrvm    point 0^ ^ thi,d; ^ .       ^        -■{
/r// /j A/y^, will stand for the letter 5 .•       ^eMW lf- .;s pmct,c«hle. especiaUy
^. ^dot .^nside will d.stmauish the W- at ^ beginning ar,d end o\ wordi% J
tcr z, or is : ^, . j.|^e a[j0Ve scmi c,rcle,or hook, turned •'
Axcrvses. ^>v_PvJ? <:_^ ^.^^p^Jpv-9-     upwards or forward, wilt figure the
vJ?1- v^L v^ v^">02^cO-e,c3^^^-  third sound,- it will be turnedV*tvy>v =
wards
/ ^U>' 4«. iL i/k4a.»»..jn«r*fr4i
'*i'««»«>KM«!ekrtaaKWSai(i4iys^|
I3R
ft
I
,:«
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6    DUPLOYAN PHONOGRAPHY ENGLISH METHOD
wards, or backward, to figure   flit
first and second sound. £xa*nple:
P*<t-'I,' p«y-j.; teac • ^, Ay., ;/«w\,
/^•' b »' %"•' £> WW j i see:^r,
4 dash m<xy  with advantage   re*
place the dot, to distinguish a fcng
SOl\y\d . & .•
£xetases. n <_ e_ <_,>«/ <^
L"    -J     *>>»     O       <     $_y       •       U        b—       t\     —J>   —J!
Xlfo Lesson •  "  —" *,"**j"»"*-»•'» **"":• <«.vi*uieci, «.
/7 />j^ • •     y/ -1 4 V^*.^ ~      *„.»   *** HyZZ, ?.tc, tAe stern of <£, a. very
used to represent the Sound of il fa
dsc, or eta in-feto,n&w
The letter f — , alone will figure the.
article ttif. " ]
Compound vowels: wa.: sy ; to^e.^c
woo:S: iV0lO:(p^We:cV; way:$
Wy : C9>; Way ee:(v>i Wee- a A ¥($>;
Oinsafi : sGj. y
A hhreviation s : Jesus-CAr/st; r-r\,
Stessed Piry/n. J.   i/.p. : >>
/Vtimerods.
l.3.,5,4-,f, 6y >, g, 7,
o
1       ~~     \   /     ^   c      D    '"^    ^-^    O
Hthtn, i, z, 3, £, r, oc*jl dou6led,as
The same with a dot inside will n=
present u. as in us .
This charter of a circle must be>
turned So aster avoidangles, w\\en--
ever it is possible.
The stan of u, may also be turned
upwards oy forward for ut and backward or downward for u . Then, the
dot mow be omitted.
£xenises. \   t \   ^-v   v ^   .r
• L !' o 'v
#: J j'-afcJL.; J3.' ^; 4.4-: ?;?rrj<<
(But: a : i ; fr: 3 ; S%:r^ s <tf; ^ .
A/umSers may 6e also aSbrtn'ctfeaC
as follows:     fodo : ST) ;f0M0; (S>;
WO:  & ; MO0OO : (§jf00t)0O0: (W).
The'Creoctiono/the Wor/d.
i i^L^  ^    -  <2^ y~
•c^
^CXs Sr
XlH^Icsson.
A small aiAarter of a circle, turned
soa s to avoid angles, is us«oJ as an
abbreviation to figure <*/if entrh> on,
urv, dm, em, im, om, umt etc..
When alone, it can have four differ*
cnt positions, ,-> u «., and represent,
different words: r*arv;   y*tn; j-otl,
When confusion is apprehended, occ«
cents may be used, as lollows: ^
1°-Ar\ acute accent above, for <rn,a/n. /*'
2.-/1 praise, accent above, foreri,,in,,etc. >5>ri
 y-An_ ^tCf</g accent lelow. fpr_cnyf o>n>.
4°Aqrave accent 6elow\forurv,unt.
A:j^ Lesson.
. -A heavy dot in front of a will point
out A aspirate, ;<L>, iJczs;  •</: here.;
^ :mmt etc. . 'A
The yovoel i, as in ice, fine, ete\s
figured by the. a oa.4 e, combined^ 0%
tftfXp* hs.bte  L, li9ht:r,life:f\
"** '' <?'  Z^s /^^» ^^fi -f, tine. >f).
The letter t,-,ord--y k,M amar/c
jroone StoU.,/tjruresth: -tf sharp,
—*— ^ SoJ-t: -^y tht's ,-^y these..
~^e^--^e>k4/^^^
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|_c\ -y'-cx - ^"cx >^ ex ay- _J^ .. ^^
■» of* -
'<&—
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8
BISHOP   DURIEU'S   NEW   TESTAMENT
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I BISHOP   DURIEU 3   NEW   TESTAMENT
9
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SHUSHWAP   TNDTAN   TEMPERANCE   SOCIETY
11
^v_y-o vi/*l l<yl «J?- t>x
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Witness,
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Chinook
OUR   CHINOOK   INDIAN   CATECHISM
1.
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V^" -Dei, •             •                                                       .     \ - V-^  •                                                         I    ^
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lit OUR   INDIAN   CATECHISM
13
v:
1. Who made you ?
God made me.
2. Why did God make you ?
God.mademeto know Him,tolove
Him and to serve Him, and bv that,
means, to be happy with Him for
ever in Heaven.
3. What is God ?
God is a spirit, eternal, infinitely
good, all powerful; He sees cail
things.
4. Why do you say that God is
a spirit ?
Because God has no body.
5. Why do you say God is eternal ? -
Because God ever was and ever
will he.
6. Why do you say God is infinitely good ?
Because all good is in God : he
is supremely good above all things.
,7. Why do you say God sees all
things ?
Because God sees all.things past,
present and to come, and even
what we conceal in our hearts.
8.   Where is God ?
God is every where.
II
9. Are there several Gods ?
No, there is but one God.
10. Are there several persons in
God?
Yes, there are three persons in
God; the Father, the Son and the
Holy Ghost : this is called the
Blessed Trinity.
11. What is the Blessed Trinity ?
Tne Blessed Trinity is one God
in three persons..
12. Is the Father God ?.
Yes, the Father is God.
13. Is the Son God ?
Yes, the Son is God.
\ 4. Is the Holy Ghost God?
Yes, the Holy Ghost is God.
15 Are the Father, the Son and
the Holy Ghost three Gods ?
No, they are three Persons, but
one God. _     „
16. Why are the three Persons
only one God ?
Because the three Persons are
equal in all things.
17. Which of the three persons is
the best, the oldest, the most powerful ?
.None; the three persons. are
equal in all things. ,
18. Do the three persons differ
from each other ?
Yes, they differ : the one is not
the other.
in       ■•';';
—\§7-D id—one-^of^-three—^Persons-
become man ?    ■    .
Yes,  one  of the three  Persons
became man.
20. Which of the three Persons
become man ?
God the Son.
21. How did God the Son become
man ?
God  the  Son  became  man  by
taking a borly and Soul like ours.
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How Lycooso- Learned  to   Love  Christ.
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Once there was an Indian boy named Lycooso who grew up to
be a man like any other Indian who had lived all his life among
the mountains and lakes, until a white man from a far away
country across the ocean,came tctellhim of the great and wonderful
Christ, who died for him, and now lived above the clouds and sky,
and who would do a great deal for Lycooso,if he would but love and
trust him, and learn the Holy Word he had left behind on earth.
Lycooso laughed at the white man's talk and turned aside, at
the same time.shooting an arrow from his bow into the air at a
bird, to let the white man know he was not interested in what he
was saying. He did not care to talk about things which he did not
understand.. Thei the white man took him by the hand and said :
" Lycooso, look up over the mountains into the blue sky."
Lycooso did as he was bidden, dropping his bow at his side.
"If you are a good man and will believe what I am going to
tell you, you will live up there among the stars some day."
The Indian looked far into the sky for a moment, expecting to
see some house or wigwam, then he. shook his head and laughed
harshly again.
' Indian can't walk in air, white man ! " he said.
The white man then told him all about the Holy Father and the
good Virgin Mary and what they had suffered for Lycooso, the
Indian. Then he tried to teach Lycooso a prayer with which to
ask forgiveness for his sins.
But Lycooso turned his back on the white man and shot another
arrow into the air. Just as the white man was going to. speak
again, Lycooso espied a squirrel skipping over a log, and he
steathfully spead after it. As he drew his bow up to his shoulder,
he looked back at the white man standing pale and still, and
laughed again.
" Poor white man crazy ! " he said and disappeared in the thick
bushes.
Soon after Lycooso went fishing in the lakes. When he returned,
he found his mother in tears and the wigwam still and solemn.
His little sister, Wapoona had died in his absence and he had
returned just in time for her funeral Lycooso loved Wapoona
very much and he wept long and ate no fish, for many days.    One
day Lycooso saw the good white man again.
" Wapoona is in God's wigwam, up there " he said, pointing
to the skies.
Lycooso growled and gnashed his teeth. He thought the white
man was making fun. " White man crazy again," he cried, " Go !
Go ! " Then he threw a small bolder at him and rushed off into the
forest. Soon Lvcooso's mother died, and he ran out into the moun-
tains where it was lightening and thundering and cried as if his
heart would break.    The next day the white man came to him.
"Lycooso," he said, " will you not learn the prayers now ? Thy
mother, too, is in God's wigwam up there."
Lycooso scorned him and ran away again.
One day a heavy 1'orest tree fell on his father, Mysicka, crushing
his breath away. Poor Lycooso could not stand this blow for the
wigwam was now empty and deserted. He did not wait for the
white man to come to him again, but rushed away into the mountains, his long hair flying behind him, where he fasted for a long
while. His heart was broken and he had no home to whom he
could go for comfort.    All at once be began to think of the Holy ])'>
How Lycooso  Learned  to Love  Christ.
15
My
ii i
Christ and Virgin Mary, and tried to remember all the white man
had told him of- them." The trees swayed back, and forth all the
long night and the cold winds sighed through their branches.
Lycooso was very sad and he put his fingers in his ears to shut out
the noise.
Suddenly his dark face brightened and he looked up through the
trees at the sky as the early morning came on. He remembered
one little prayer the white man had taught him.
" Holy Jesus, take me to thy arms, a sinner ! ''
He said it over and over again and his heart, grew lighter. Did
Christ's word make every one as happy.as he ? Springing to his feet
he started to run. Miles and miles he sped over the snow, never
stopping till he reached the white man's door.
" Teach me more of them ! '' Lycooso cried, saying the prayer over
and over. " Lycooso laugh no more ! Lycooso loves them ! Lycooso's
mother is in God's wigwam up there too 1 " and he pointed a long
bony finger to the sky. His long fast had made him-poor and gaunt-
Tears crept down the white man's cheeks, and the sinner and priest
prayed together.
Lycooso is an old man now and he has done much good in his life.
He has'been a thrifty farmer, owning a large farm and he has a good
wife and many children. No sorrow has come to him since he began
to love and trust Christ. In the evenings, when he and his family
sit in their open doorway, watching the red sun sink out of the blue
sky, old Lycooso will point upward and say :
u Some day, we will all be in God's wigwam up there ! "
The end.        By MAIBELLE, JUSTICE,
Chicago, Nov.6th, 1894.   For Kamloops Wawa and my Indian friends.
From the " Catholic Record ?' London, Ont., Nov. 3rd, 1894.
WAWA!
This word, which will undoubtedly appear strarige to our readers,
is the title of a Polyglot new paper which has reached us from Kamloops, British Columbia, through the publishing house of Messrs D. &'
J. Sadlier; and quite an interesting curiosity we find this little journal to be.    Wawa means speech in the Chinook tongue.
The number before us" is printed in English, French and Chinook,
the latter being the language spoken by the Indians of British Columbia:—IirTeveals-to-us^the-in-teresting-fact-t-hatrt-he-in-genious-and-zeal--
ous Fathers of the Oblate Order have actually introduced a system of
shorthand as the written language of the Chinooks, so that this tribe
is the first nation which has adopted a truly short method of writing,
which is at the same time quite philosophical as the national means
of representing spoken language
< By this system the Chinook tongue is spelled exactly as it is pronounced, and thus all the great difficulties of learning to read, which
exist in most modern languages, and especially in English and
French, are avoided-, and the Chinooks, educated in this manner, are
enabled to read and write their own language in an incredibly short
time. It is admitted by all scholars that the phonetic representation
of any language removes the difficulties of learning to read and spell,
and it is just this which the Oblates have taught the Chinooks to
use; and not only are they able when instructed by this method, to
read and spelt in a few days, but they are able in a short time to
write  as quickly as they think,  and to keep pace with the fastest
speakers !
The Wawa gives the full alphabet of.the Chinooks, so that all who
take an interest in the matter will be able to learn much on the subject
of their tongue, by subscribing for the Wawi, which may be had
from Messrs. D. & J. Sadlier & Co., Montreal, Can. ^^S5^SS!%!B*^g^;^.^
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meat is allowed.—F, Feast of Obligation.—X, Christrnas.
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Medailles d'Or, Paris 1878 et 1889
Metkode pour apprendre sans mnitre en 2 heures, 16* edition,
franco : 3 francs. E. DUPLOYE, a Sinceny (Aisne)
On
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VOYELLES
A   0    Ou    £   £   I   Eii   U   An
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Pe Be Te De Fe Ve Ke Cue Le Re Me Ne Gne Je Che Se Ze
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Regle generale : Ecrire les Sons et non pas les Lettres.
Rf.gle des consonnes : Seules L et R s'ecrivent en remontant.
Regle des voyelles : Les tourner de maniere a eviler les angles.
Note. — Les points et accents ajoutfis a certains signes s'omettent habitaellement.
EXPLICATION DE L'ALPHABET DUPLOYEN
VOYELLES
/\  O   Petit cercle.
Q Q Grand cercle.
U U{^~Gnmd~tOTCle botfcleT
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1|4    de   grand   cercle
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Petit   1[2  cercle  sans
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Petit  1| 2  cercle  avec
point au-dessous.
Petit   ll 2  cercle aveo
point an-dessus.
1|4 de petit cercle avec
accent aigu au-dessna.
1| 4 de petit cercle
• avec accent aigu au-
dessous.
1|4    de    petit    cercle
avec accent grave au-
dessus.
1|4    de    petit   cercle
avec accent grave au-
desBous.
CONSONNES
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C     t    Petite oblique, de gau-
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droite a gauche.
Petite oblique   ascen-
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Grand 1|2   cercle   en
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ill E C.   forme de C.
X S16crit comma KS on GZ.
Signes euphoniques ZwT *N3R 7 K-/
Les voyelles se tracent dans le sens qui permet de les untr
SANS ANGLE aux consonnes. Lob consonne* setracenttou-
jourH dans le sens lndiqu£. LeS deOX COnSOXinesL et R.36
tracent seules de bas en naut, en remontant.
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, i- — v\ // // (;   ) }  a/^^v^Oo Qf J » «'c  'r    *   ) A  \
12        34567 8 9 00 separation des chlffrea droits repete* |
n «£$£ ;*w**tiw4%r*w«Mw:te««».
St     * ' ^^""""™'hwmiwhi*——.      |   |t> wipMinnmr-,
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OTHER PUBLICATIONS :
Bishop  Durieu's Chinook Bible History.   With English
interleaved.  I'vol. Bound, post paid ,   .    . ■  .    . .. |i 2 5
Kamloops Wawa, 1892,1893; or 1894. With Indian Prayers'
-    I hree volumes, each, bound. .-.., $1 <>5
COSMOPOLITAN HOTEL
The oldest established house in
KAMLOOPS, B. C.
JOS. EATCHPOED, Prop.
GO  TO
JAMES VAIR
KAMLOOPS, B. C.
Dealer and manufacturer in
Stoves, Tinware, Plumbing, Hard-
ware, Paints, Oil and Glass.
M. P. G-ORDQ.N
KAMLOOPS, B. C.
For: FURNITURE, CARPETS,
WINDOW-SHADES, Etc.
GAGLIETTO
General Merchant
KAMLOOPS, B. C.
BEAUTIFUL SELECTION OF
RICH OIL CHROMOS AND FINE OLEOGRAPHS
Our Lady of Mt. Carmel.........21 x 31
Holy Family ...21 x 36
The Virgin 26x32
St. Teresa.; .....22 x 25
Last Supper '.27 x 36
St. Antoine Padua   29x36. q
Our Lady of Dolors  27x36...    '  o
st Ann 27x36 	
St
5t, Joseph de Murille 26 x 34....          o
SacredHeart of Mary 26 x 36 .."     3
Jesus 26 x 36.'	
Angel Guardian 26_x_37....  ~
Our Lady of Lourdes 27 x 37..."."""!	
Crucifixion 07 x 37        """" *
Madonna Trevison .".'."."Ml x 32.'...	
00
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50
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r\t\
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Ecce Homo 21x32 <J
Our Lady of the Chair !!!!!27 x 37!!!!  o
Death of St. Joseph 27 x 36 !!!!!!!!;.'.!!.'.'."!  3
stations of the Cross in all sizes and styles
decorated. StalUGS ^   PlaSl6r °r Cement'  plain'   or   arlistically
D. & J. SADLIER & CO.,
Catholic Publishers, Booksellers and Stationers, Church Ornaments
Vestments, Statuary and Religious Articles.
MONTREAL & TORONTO.
-': r
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