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The Kootenay Star Jun 3, 1893

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Array VOL. IV.
No. 51.
Mr. G. Nelles is about again, bnt
looking very feeble after tbe severe
operation be underwent.
Mr. Arnold, of Seattle, is in town,
ud will examine several mineral
claims in tbe Lardean witb a view to
A meeting will be held in the
library at 8 o'clook to-night to discuss tbe future of that institution
and other matters of importance,
Mr. Kellie has received a letter
Irom the Hon. F, G. Vernoo stating
that the matter of constructing a
wagon road from Lardeau to Tront
Lake is receiving attention.
Mr. Johu Utilize, of Seattle, came
tip from Lardeau yesterday. He is
here in the interest of an American
miuing syndicate and will examine
Borne mineral claims secured by Mr.
Mr. Howson baa just reooivod a
Mrload of furniture, among which is
an extensive range of Baby Carriages
In rattau, whioh he is selling at very
low prices, A second-hand organ
for sale, cheap, *
Mr. John Thompson has been appointed by the Qovernment as road
surveyor for Kevelstoke Division.
Mr. Thompson is a thoroughly competent man, aud no doubt will give
satisfaction both to the Qovernment
���nd tbe people of tbe district.
Hon, John Haggart, Minister of
Railways, and Hon. F. C. Patterson,
Minister of Militia, witb Mr. A. W,
Boss, M.P., Dr. Montagu, M.P., Mr.
Mara, MP., Mr. Barnard, M.P., and
Senator McLaren, arrived here from
Lower Kootenay by str. Columbia
on Monday, aud, with the exoeption
of Messrs. Mara and Barnard, left
fot Vanconver the same evening.
Ihe Ministers were much impressed
with the immeuse promise of the
mining districts of West Kootenay.
Mr. Haggart made an inspection of
tbe Naknsp Pass, tbe route of the N.
k S, Railway, aud ur. Patterson
addressed a meeting of the Kaslo
Board of Trade.
A pair of good working horses, &
nearly-new Bain wagon, two sets of
harness, and a fine-toned upright
piano by Williams of Toronto, new
laat fall.���-Apply tu t. It. Peterson,
Io the People of Revelstoke.
Do yon know that in your own
province, and within the limits ot your
own town, Providence lms placed
herbs which, when gathered, dried
and carefully prepared, produce a
medicine second to nothing in the
World ns a general tonic, spring medicine, blood purifier, etc,
As a spring medicine this preparation is unrivalled, while its tonio properties increase its value tenfold.
It is a sure preventive for infectious
and other diseases, and in this respect
Blone is worth its weight in gold.
Yon will learn more of this medicine later on.
At present it can be obtained at the
Kevelstoke Pharmacy, and no one
should be without it.   Price 75c.
Ask for the Kootenay Discovert.
Orders by mail promptly attended to,
Naknsp &  Slocau  Railway
Sealed tenders will be received up
to noon on Wednesday, the 7th June
Uext, addressed to the undersigned,
care Messrs. Wnlffsohn k Bewicke,
Ltd., Bankers, Vancouver, B.C., for
tbe construction of this Company's
Railway from Naknsp to Forks of
Carpenter Creek,
Forms of tender can be obtiiined ou
application to the undersigned at the
Company's office, Victoria, B.C., and
Bt the office of Messrs. Wulffsolin k
Bewicke, Ltd., Vancouver, and no
tender will be considered unless made
on suoh form.
The lowest or any tender will not
necessarily be accepted.
Viotoria, B.C., May 8th, 1893.
The Licensing Board will sit at the
Courthouse, Revelstoke, on Tiiuiisuav
Jnne 15th, 1893.
Revelstoke, April 20th, 1893.
SALESMEN, local and travelling
to represent our well-known house.
Yon need uo capital to represent n
firm that warrants nursery stock first
oIiisb and true to name, Work all thu
year; $100 per month to the right
man.���Apply quick, stating age, to
L.L. MAY*ftCo.,Nur8oryineD, Fiori ts
and Seedsmen, St. Paul, Mlun. This
house is responsible.
Mr. J. Dennie, of Rogers' Pass, was
a visitor here on Tuesday.
Mr. Giluiotir will conduct service in
the Presbyterian church to-morrow at
7.30. p.m.; Sabbath-school at 2.30.
Rev. D. D. Birks will preach in tbe
Methodist church to-morrow; morning
at 10.30, evening at 7.30. Sunday ... -ol
in the church at 2.30.
Mr, Thos. Paton, recently transferred
from Revelstoke to till the Presbyterian
pulpit at Kettle River, arrived up by
yesterday's boat aud received a warm
greeting from his numerous friends.
Rev. C. Ladner und family left oo
Monday for Chilliwack, Mr. Ladner'e
new station. Regnt at Mr. and Mrs.
Ladner's departure is felt by many persons besides the members of his congregation.
The excursion to Naknsp on Dominion
Day ia being talked about in other places
thau Revelstoke, The people at Hall's
Landing, Lardean, Thomson's and Tront
Lako City are looking forward to the
event with great anticipations.
Mr, McKiunon has just completed a
rowboat which, we understand, iB the
first of tho kind ever built here. She
is 18 feet iu length by 3 feet beam, is
very light, speedy, and is owned by that
veteran oarsman Morgan David,
In order to facilitate the shipment of
parcels and small freight to tbe Kootenay mining country the C.P.R. is now
running a special car (or more if required) between Vancouver and Revelstoke, arriving here in time for Thursday morning's boat.
Hull Bros., who have the contract for
the supply of meat to the Nelson k Fort
Sheppard construction gangs, are sending a lot of cattle down river. Three
carloads of prime beeves were shipped
this week, and a fine herd is browsing
here, the grass and clover being most
luxuriant this spring.
In the Methodist chnreb on Wednesday evening Rev. Dr. Carman delivered
his well kuown lecture, "Trade and Get
Rich, " to a good audience, It was the
best lecture heard in Revelstoke for
some time. It is a matter for regret
that, through an oversight, the usual
vole of thanks was omitted.
Mr. A. Craig went to Trout Lake City
last week to take charge of G. B. Hume
k Co.'s new store, He is already doing
a large business, having put in an extensive stock of niiuers' and settlers'
supplies. Tbe firm hus bought lots at
Sayward, at the bouudury line, and will
probably open a branch there.
J. I. Woodrow, manuger for Hull
Bros., wbile engaged in killing ou
Wednesday, accidentally out a deep
gash across the palm of his right band.
Dr, McLean dressed thi wound, which
is progressing fuvorably. This gives
Jim a good excuse for asking the good-
looking waitresses at the hotel to cut up
his meat for him.
W. E. Losee and J. M Douglas, both
of Viotoria, left here last Saturday with
three packhorses well loaded for a prospecting trip to Big Bend. Bob Green
acter as guide, and returned with the
horses on Wednesday. He left the men
in oamp at Carne's Creek. The object
of the expedition is to locate some good
timber and prospect for quartz and
placer gold.
Tom Home, discoverer of the great
Home ledge, returned from a visit to
the mines this week, He says several
olaims near Trout Lake are now clear of
suow ami the higher ranges will lie accessible in about two weeks. A vast
number of prospectors are gathering at
Trout Lake for tbe opening rush, the
shores of the lake being dotted witb
white touts.
Hon. Theo, Davie has promised to
address a public meeting at Revelstoke
on his way back from the lower country,
where he has been attending the assize
courts. He will probably arrive np on
Monday afternoon. If so, the meeting
will be held in the schoolhouse the same
even ng. Thu Premier will explain the
Government's uctiou in the matter oi the
Parliament buildings uud redistribution.
Revelstoke is now in n ceipt of a mail
every day Up to yesterday tho trains
arriving from the wost on Tuesdays and
from the east on Fridays brought no
mail. Henceforth every train will bring
a mail. On account of tbe new running
time ou the C.P.R. there will be only
oue delivery a dav at the post-office--at
8 a.m. Letters lor east or west should
be mailed before 8 p.m., when the bags
are made up.
An extremely handsome monument
was on Thursday erected over the grave
of the late Mis Beavo iu Iievelstoke
cemetery, It is a polished grey marble
pyramid standing oo u frotstone base,
and presents a chaste appearance. The
name and age of di ceased are inscribed
on it, and it is a tribute of affeotioo from
hor mother, Mrs. Clark, It is from tbe
marble works at Clinton, Out,, and was
obtained through Mr. li. Howson, the
agent here. 0
The practical joke ol luri ing a barrel
of beer into a burr. I ol water whioh we
published two weeks ago was certainly
one of best ever ri corned, i at ��e made
a mi-take as to the location. The affair
happened at Salmon Arm, nud not at
Revelstoke station Our informuut had
rushed to Ihi v nclnsioi that u must
have beer, don-.- here. B it the b ye at
lhe station have been loo busy for tho
past nn iih lo invent a joke" ol such
Of Swansea and Wigan,
Analytical Chemist & Assayer,
Every branch of analytical or assay
work undertaken ; honest and accurate
results guaranteed.
Carpenter and Builder,
Mr. T. M. Hamilton arrived back on
Wednesday from Edmonton, where he
bus spent tbe last three months.
Tbe C. k K. Nav. Co.'s boats are not
running on auy regular schedule time,
but in a haphazard sort of manner, and
in one or two instances recently intending travellers have "got left." Mr. J,
R, Hull brought a carload of horses from
Kamloops aud got them aboad the str.
Lytton last Friday night, Kuowing tbe
boat's time of sailing (lust season) was
i a.m. Mr. Hull arrived at the wharf at
that hour, but the Lytton was gone -she
had left at half-past three, and tbe horses i
were aboard. This economical tit of the
steamboat company will probably be the
oause of a great deal of profanity.
Great regret is expressed here at th;
removal of the dining car for the summer months oo account of the e.ha. ,o in
the C.P.R. time table. The conductor
is Mr. Horace Hume, who is deservedly
popular with all classes of people for
hib general courtesy and kindly manner.
Alee Paul, the chief cook, is also well
liked, aud all the boys connected witb
the dining car will be greatly missed at
Revelstoke station. Herbert Lewis returns to his old position as waiter. For
the next four months the car will run
betweeu Nicomen aud Ashcroft, and the
employes will reside at the latter place,
Mrs, Hume remained iu Revelstoke, and
will visit her relatives at Golden.
Nev x'enver, May 30tL.
The ore vein rn the Alpha miue has
opened ont to 7 feet in width and almost
entirely solid. The mine has greatly
improved fr m the surface, and as the
lower ground is reached the better it is
found, wbieh goes far to show that the
Slocuu Mines are permauent. Some
pessimists wbo bate shaken their heads
aud expressed doubts as to tbe ore going
do��n auy distance may feel a litt.e annoyance that their prophecies have not
come true, but those who have pinned
their faith on the Slooan's future may
rest assured tbat the best is yet to come.
Every mine in thu distriot that has been
developed has, so far, made a better
showing than the surface indicated,
All the houses which happened to be
located ou streets before the survey
bave been ordered to be removed at
once, it is ex nested that the grading
of said streets will be taken iu band
forth* ith, aud then the town will begin
to look like a towu,
It is stated that tbe Bigel w addition
will be a' o..ce laid out, many lots having
already been sold.
Henry Hursl* w iu running a pack
train of 30 horses, between here and
Naknsp, carrying goods for Bourne
Bros,, whose New Denver store has
been completely emptied, so great lias
beer the business done by this firm
dnring the winter and spring. The
amount of goods sold over the counter
would ustuuish many storekeepers in
older uud larger towns than New Denver. Mr. Tomlinsoo, tbe courteous
manager, was compelled to go to Revelstoke this woek to look np supplies at the
headquarters oi the firm. One good
feature iu bein�� cleared ont is that the
removal to tho handsome new store just
completed will entail muoh less labor
than it otherwise would.
The Nakusp trail ib in excellent condition, with the exception of two wet
spots which might bo easily obviated by
diverting the trail a few feet. Ten meu
are employed, and lor seven miles it is
ten fei I wide ami fit lor vehicular traffio,
the writer meeting a wagon on the road
about tuut dint- ooe from Nakusp.
Nakusp, Muy 30th.
The Queen's birthday was celebrated
in grand style here. Although not ad -
vertiied to any extent there was quite it
Dumber of strange bnt welcome faoes
aniongsl thii familiar ones, The sports
consisted of running, jumping, putting
the shot, sack racing, boat racing uud
tug ol.vur, The bent nice ��as the event
oi the day, there being twelve entries
and the struggle tor place very keen.
Things weut lovely throughout the day,
N��.- hard nord.. or had feeling marred
the enjoyment of tho celebration, and
the day wound up with a ball in tho
hull. This is only a preliminary tu tho
celebration on Domini"!) Dny, when u
lurge i umber ol excursionists from
sister tow'.B an expected. The citizuus
promise to u,o all in Iheir power to make
the day one to bu rcuaemhored.
Nukusp is still iiuehing lorth to the
Btartiug of the railroad, Although not
far distant tow, ull are anxious to see
I tbe construction iu aolual operation.
|'i'iw  surveyors are  workiuj* witb all
possible speed, and Mr. Nanlt has a
large raft of square timber for tbe wharf
anchored in front of the town. Tenders
will be opened at Viotoria on 7th Jnne.
Theu tbe boom will commence in earnest, and it is expected to surpass anything tbat the Kootenay couutry has
witnessed np to date. Considerable
property has changed hands at advanced
figures, and now the cry is beard, " I
wish I had bought last summer,"
Contractor Nanlt has cleared twenty
additional aores of the townsite.
Quite a number of people are going
in to New Denver via Nakusp. Eleven
leave to morrow, some on horseback and
some on Shanks' pony.
Among ���he visitors has been Mr. Jos.
Hunter, M.P.P., of Viotoria, manager
of the Esquimalt at Nanaimo Railway.
D. McGillivray, president of tbe Na*
kusp k Slocau Railway, arrived on the
26th aud will inspect the proposed route,
Hy. Harshaw has brongbt in a large
pack train for freighting between here
and New Denver.
In social affairs things are not as they
should be. "Man's inhumanity to man"
is prevailing to a certain extent.
[fbom odh own correspondent.]
Thomson's Landing, May 29th.
Things are lively at Trout Lake City,
Lardean and Thomson's Landing. The
outfit for tbe surveyors engaged in laying out Tront Lake City was paoked in
by Malcolm Beaton, as well as tbe son-
dries and fittings for Mr. Bourke's botel.
The trail is now in excellent condition.
Thomson's Hotel is foil of people snd
the shore dotted with tents, All are
bonnd for Tront Lake City and tbe
Lardeau mines. There are abont 60 at
Tront Lake City already, and they are
going in at the rate of 15 or 20 a day.
There will be over 500 there by the lst
of July. It is destined to become one
of the largest mining towns in America.
So say all the mining men who have
examined tbe ledges in the vicinity.
Mr. E. G. Smithe of Occur d'Alenes, a
mining expert, and W, B, Pool visited
the Pool gronp of mines last week, and
three nf tbe olaims were bonded for
$50,000. Mr. Smithe says he expected
to see a fair prospect, bnt was simply
astonished at the mass of ore exposed to
view. The size of tbe ledge far exceeded
his expectations,
There are about 100 men at the head
of tbe arm. Mr. Steed has his new
slock on thn shelves and ia doing ���
rushing business. As he oarries everything needed for a prospeotor's outfit
there will be no necessity for incomers
to encumber themselves with baggage.
Beaton's aud Cleveland's pack trains,
comprising 18 horses, have just left with
freight for Trout Lake City.
LabdeaD, May 29th.
Lardean Townsite Company will contribute $5,000 towards tbe construction
of tbe wagon road to Tront Lake City,
and it is expected that the Tront Lake
people will also assist.
Today's arrivals include Mr. J. M.
Kellie, M.P.P., from Revelatoke, and
Messrs. McClellan aod Anderson from
Hot Springs. Yesterday's arrivals were
numerous, several coming from the Hot
Springs. Mr. Edward Roessler eame
all tbe way from Texas, and was so much
iu love with our city that tue day after
his arrival he poreeased two business
lots on Viotoria Avenue.
The Miners' Hotel entertained Fete
Walker and Dave Ferguson at dinner on
Sunday, They were on tbeir way to
Revelstoke. After a sumptuous meal
and a clean toothpiok they viewed tbe
city from Viotoria Aveune. Mr, Bourke,
as pleasant a Frenchman as one wishes
to meet and an old landlord himself,
dined at tbe Lardean Hotel, where over
his after dinner oigar he gave his ideas
of the futnre greatness of Larduan.
Come again, Johu.
Thu Lardeau Hotel is to have a grand
opening, which will include a supper
and dunco about the 9th of June. Ben
Wredo is right iu it when he is entertaining a orowd.
J, W. Sutherland, a niuing broker of
Fai"i"iwu, arrived last week. He us-
pros f great surprise at tbe improvements going on, aud muoh more whon
he was informed of the works contemplated this summer. He says tbe fame
of Lardeau extends all over tbe So iod
oountry. Many prospectors aud weali by
mining men will come here next month,
W. ll. Pool weut over to front Lake
on miuing business last week. He reports the city by tbe lake as progressing
fiuely, but says there is no plaoe like
home If faith���and everyone kuows
| bat faith will remove a mountain���will
build up a country jolly William will be
a ai'i in im ire many times,
It wus a pleus.tnt sight to see the
gentlemen raising their hats on the
arrival of thc Marion on Mouday. The
cause���Mrs. McRue and Mrs. Richard-
sou uccompunieii by bur four children���
being the first lady residents of Lardeau
City. Tbi smile on genial Jack's face
was bioudur than over, while Suudy
McRuu wore a very happy look,
A largo ferry boat, 18ft. by 40ft., is
Hourly ready for launching on Fish
Creek. It will have strong railings uud
will carry Irom 2o to 30 horses and
pucks. About 500 fi et ol % inch cable
is lying ou the lunik ready to be placed
across the stream,
A large force of men aro working on
tho trail from the i reek lo about hull a
uiile iu t'uui oi Thomson's.
Mr. Van Home.
President Van Home, Mr. H. Abbott
and other C.P.R. officials arrived hero
iu Mr. Abbott's private car by the train
from the coust oo Tuesday morning aod
were soou afterwards conveyed to the
lower wharf by the yard engine. Tbe
C. k K. Nav. Co.'s fine str. Columbia
(tbe best on tbe upper river) bad made
a special trip to Revelstoke the day
before, dlsplucing the Lytton, in boner
of the president of onr big railway, and
Mr, Van Home and party embarked
about 10.30. Mr. Mara, M.P., chairman
of the steamboat company, Capt. Troup,
manager, and Mr. Barnard, M.I'., weie
also on board. Mr. Van Home will
make an inspection of tbe routes of tbe
Revelstoke k Arrow Lake and Nakusp
k Slocau Railways, and, it is said, will
visit the Crow's Nest Puss; but tbis
part of tbe programme may be omitted,
as it will require a massive horse to
oarry Mr. Van Home throngh the
mountains, the president being no light
weight. Part of the journey can, we
believe, be made by boat. The Columbia was flying the Stars and Stripes and
the company's private flags. Neither
the Union Jack nor the Canadian flag
was in evidence. Is the C. k K. Co.���
a Canadian company, sailing from t,
Canadian port���ashamed of our glorious
old flag? Had Mr. Van Home been
still a citizen of the United States one
could have understood tbe compliment.
Down With High Prices For
Electric Belts.
$1.55, $2.65, $3.70 ; former prices $5, $7.
f 10. Qualty remains the same���16 different styles; dry battery and acid belts
���mild or strong current. Less than half
the price of any other company and more
home testimonials than all tbe rest together. Full list free. Mention this
oaper. W.T.BAEB& CO. Windsor, Out.
CO, Lira.
8teamer "W. HUNTER,"
Q. L. Estabrooks, Master.
Until further notice will leave New
Denvee Mondays, Wednesdays and Saturdays at 1 p.m. for Head of Lake.
Tuesdays, Thursdays and Fridays leave
New Denver for Four MitK Citt at 6
a.m. Returning, leaves New Denver at
7 a.m. for Head of Lake.
Leaves Head of Lake every evening
(Sunday excepted) for New Denver ut
5 p.m.
Columbia & Kootenay Steam
Navigation Co,
Hereafter all freight for Hall's Landing,
Naknsp, Fire Valley and other non-agency
points must be prepaid or guaranteed lie-
fore it will be reoeived on board of this
company's steamers at Revelstoke.
J. Wa Troll p, Manager.
Revelstoke, May llth, 1893.
Lardeau and Sloean Prospects
Sail, Tent and Awning* Maker.
Daos, Hammocks, io.
Tbe largest and most central Hotel in
tbe oity ; good accommodation ; everything new ; table well supplied ; bar mid
billiard room attached ; Are proof safe,
House Painter, Paper-
hunger and Grainer.
Stockholm  House
The Diniug-room is furnished with the
best the nmrket affords,
The bBr ib supplied withu choice stook
l>t wiMS,foDOTSfalld ,'V'{".1*5. JACK'S VICT0B7.
Ii is delightful to meet a 1'Oy ov ;i girl
who i.as learued the meaning nf tlie words,
"Siek and ye shall find."   There U such a
Beem to trouble him in the
much they might scoft and
He knew what lie knew,
the beat of it.
they eame to the palace,
j ^taiu, ui   ic|,i_>
and it did not
least, however
.sneer at lum.
and so he had
fn due tin.e      ^^	
,     .,��� ���,,...     ,   ,     ! Petei ind Paul tried their luck in turn, aad
boy m the romance field, of Norseland, and : mie 8noh M(1 fai|area o{ it tlmt they vm ;   ��� *   *,
.'.f him I am going to tell you to-day.   His | sent ,lome fa ^ ���        W*
name is Eabeu, hue we will call him Jack,    lheu. ,I1.|)Ulle,���e amI ,vorth'easne8S hail
for short, ....
Growing Hogs for Profit'
I common small cheese Ily.  It propagates ita
I kind with wonderful celerity, and at the
the!height of ita ravages  the vines literall
���    ,   .    , aajajaaaaaajaajajaaaa^ai        ,  ,,    ,   I put the king 80 completely OUt of Sorts that
lack had tw��� brothers, Peter and Paid, | he did 110, fee, very ^ell-diaposed towards
Perhaps the moit critical period in the'height of ita ravages
life of the pig, aad the oue requiring the I swarm with.these pests,
most skill and judgment on the patt of the
grower, is from farrowing to weaning time.
If properly handled during this time, the
" stand some little neglect or mismanagement afterward without seriously
impairing his growth, but there must be but
It generally commence! ita woik about
the time the potatoes are large enough to
lioe. The first indication of its work is
seen in a few of the lower leaves turning
prematurely yellow. If these leaves are
examined with a microscope they will be
ini* the three boys lived with their lather,
whose stock of worldly goods was small,
The poor mar. told hii sons that some day
they would have to go out iuto the world I
.and  seek  their fortunes.   He had never
found fhe way to fortune himself, aud his|
two older boys grew .up with no more light j
u> guide them than he had.   Jack made up |
his miud that he would find the way the
rest of the family had missed.
Not far from the poor man's cottage Uy |
the king's palace, and at the side of this
grew a wide-spreading oak that shut out
every ray of sunshine. The king thought
be ought to have sunshine as well as other
people, ami te lie said he would give a great
deal of money to any one who could cut
down that oak, It may seem aneasyt-.sk
ui out down a tree, but it was not so in this
i's.s.'. The oak was of a kiud that whenever
iue ohip was made to fly from it in the
usual wa j two chips grew in the place of
the one that w��.8 gone.
Cliere v/as still another wish very close
to .he kings heart. He wanted a well
i hat would hold water all the year. Every
one. of Iiis neighbors had suel; a well, but he
bad none He was positively ashamed o;
this, and so he offered a large sum of money
..i i.ny person who would dig him one, .Still
ii.- well remained nr. lug, for the palace was
near the top of a hill, and it was not possible to dig far v. ithotlt striking the living
i oolc
At. last tiie kiug gave out far and wide
thai he who could cut down thc mighty oak
md. Jig a veil that would hold water all
lhe year should have the princes.- aud half
the kingdom. Many a man came to try his
)u;:k, you may be sure, but the oak grew
stouter and the rock remained hard.
Meanwhile Jack had learned the secret
of using his eyes and iiis ears, ana lie was
i Jaclc when tie found the lad wa- their
��� I brother, He told him curtly he could be
sent home in disgrace easily enough, without the trouble of a trial.
"I'd like to see for myself what I can
do," said Jack, aud the king let lum have
Ids way.
Quietly taking the axe from his scrip, the
lad lifted it to its haft and cast it at the
" Hew away I" said lie, and the axe began to hack and to hew until the chips Hew
so swiftly in all directions there was ue
time for any to grow iu their place.
It wa3 not long hefore the majestic tree
lay prostrate on the ground, aud the king's
palace was Hooded with sunshine, Then
Jack took the spade from his strip, and,
fitting it into its handle thrust it into the
" Dig away I" cried he and at once a
shower of crumbled earth and rock was
whirling about him,
It wa? not long before as tine a well as
ever you saw was ready to hold water all
few if any mistakes within this period if | found to he gnawed, many'of them, nearly
the best results are to be obtained. I off.    This wound is under the arm of the
As the sow is apt to be feverish at farrow- leaf, whereit puts out of the stalk. The
mg, she should have access to plenty of leaf dies, as the circulating gases and fluids
pure, fresh water, but have no food until | are stopped.    The leaves are the lungs of
she appears hungry and then only a few
haudfuls of bran and middlings, stirred in a
bait pailful of warn, water. Do not tempt     ^	
her to eat, and be in no hurry to crowd her j entire plant, leaves, stalks"and
with food, as for the first few' days the pigs | ceases.   The tubers sometimes rot
��� require but little for tbeir nourishment,
i livery experienced grower will admit that,
| with the average farmer, the tendency is to
1 crowd them too much at the beginning and
to stint them when started, and when they
should be fed liberally. After the first week
the rati, a should be gradually increased,
and by the time tho pigs begin to eat, which
will be in about three weeks, she should be
brought up to full feed, and should now
have all the milk-producing food she will
eat up clean tha- times a day.
We cannot insist too urgently on the importance of feeding the pigs largely through
the dam. i'he draw on the vitality of the
sow suckling a lit t.-r of eight or ten healthy
vigorious piss is tremendous; besides, there
the plant, anil when the circulating fluids
have ceased to circulate naturally, nutrition ia not performed and the growth of the
^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^ this ia
caused by gases or litiids flowing back from
the tubers to the wounded stalks. In fields
rotting badly these Hies car. be seen in immense swarms, in all ages and stages of
their growth.
t so happens that many times the farmer
^':.y-,'l.rL.A?.s.��.0',1.?li!i.tiwas ^.p, enou��h | ?^
to suit him, -lack took the walnut from his
scrip, laid it in one corner of the well and.
pulled the moss out of the hole.
" Trickle and run !" said Jack, and the
water gushed from the hole in a swift
In less time than I can tell you the well
was full.
So-'ack got the princess, who was the
loveliest maiden in the world, and half the
kingdom. Tlie wedding was the grandest
you ever knew, and they all lived happily
together to the end of their days.
And if you, my young readers, will keep
your eyes aud ear3 open, and lose no
chance to see and learn, you too  will find
���^^_^^_ you too
���vide awake to all tbat was going on about jthe ���">"to win the Pri/e Y<> �� *"-st deserve
hint.   He brought home the news one day j  ���*���
of what the king had offered, and Peter and
Paul thought it would be a pretty nice
thing if one of them could get the princess
and half the kingdom. They thought they
deserved to wiu as well as another, and su
they said they would try their luck.
Jack was ready to go with his brothers,
Suit they laughed at him. No small a chap
as lie wouldn't have a ghost of a chance
when they were along, they told him, but
Tick's father said the lad might as well go.
The old man hadn't much faith that ary of
shorn would wiu the princess and half the
kingdom, but, like many another office
seeker, he thought that by reaching for the
Siighest, his boys might get some kind of a
jab.   That waa all he wanted.
So one bright spring day the three broth-
An Explorer I'inila a (orpsf al Ihe He ad of
III!. Bfit-A Sfeit Resource fur Bail.
Mr. Charles Hose during his recent
journey up the little k.iowr. Baram kiver
in Northwestern Borneo, made some interesting discoveries among the native.-. Early
in his journey he spent the night in a native
house, and it was not until next morning
that ho discovered at the iiead of his bed a
large box which lie had not noticed the
night before, which proved to be a coffin.
On inquiry, he was informed that it contained the mortal remains of the chief's wife.
He found that it was the custom of these
ers set out for the'palace." Before they had LW1**to k��T> ? corpse in the house for
....me very far they came to a forest of firs, | three months before burying it
stretching up a rising slope, and the sound i "hen the body is removed to the bard-
of kackim and hewing among the trees J���"1 mausoleum prepared for it, every-
above came down to them. I -"-ty aen|ls ��"e^ mo,re Wrettes made of
" 1 wonder what that noise can be V said! "atlre tol,ll-'co to hls llea'1 relatives in hades.
These cigarettes are plaoed on the top of
the loflin und around it. If th-' deceased
person is a man, his weapons, tools, and a
small qu&intity of rice, together with liis
cooking pot, are put in the tomb, so that
be may continue his daily pursuits iti the
other world. If the body ia that of a woman.
a large sun hat, a little hoe used for cnlti-
I vating the paddy fields, her beads, earings
an i ither tint-ry are buried with hei body,
Bi that she may not be found wanting on her
arrival in the other world.
The Sibop tribe, farher up the river, are
skilful in the use o: the blow-pipe, and with
tl ;��� weapon they kill numbers of monkeys,
from whioh the Re/oar stones are obtained
These -: ines are highly prized by the Chinese, who are glad to purchase ther it -.
high price. 1'hey use them as medicine
��� dl kinds of ailments. The stone- ire
aaid t. ie f mnd in the intestines and in the
[rail bladder of the monkey. The) are of
var o ��� -i tea, nually flat and oval, and the
largest stones, about th--  size of a hen's
������2g, br: .: " .: . O' t.i >-.'
ip the river Mr Hose., party
wiahed to catch some fish, but the*    ������'  ifl
tackle An ingenious Dyak produced a piece
f  .���.., be tied on the end of a
iti k  ind with a smali piece of brass wire
lie 'oent into a hook it oegan to look
i party then
lea vorn       it found ni ne.   The
Dyak  h >wi   n   -��� is tel sated ao
em 6   I ���'	
I   i dl pieces off I: ���
..   ���        witb ��� 18
r, probably, wa ...
empl      i bail     ill the pa ty m
apj i, fi en '
Jaei standing itill.
" Don't stand there gaping," cried Peter,
and Paul insisted that what they heard
wis only a wuodmau at work among the
"I'd like to see for myself what it is,''
said .lack, and off he went, regardless of the
jeers of hia brothers,
When he had made bis way up the slope,
what should lie find but an axe, hacking
and hewing al; of itself at the trunk of a
1*11 fir.
'���Good-day 1" said Jack "How come
vmi to he at work here all alone '."
" I am waiting for you,' s lid the axe.
" Well, here I am," cried Jack, pulling
tlie axe from its haft, and stowing both head
and haft in his s:rip.
His brothers greeted him with shouta of
laughter, as became back to them, and
.(.sited what strange thing he had found.
" It w i-, oi ly an a ������������ t* - heard, ifter dl
said Jack, simply.
Walking on they foul        i n -    et   ���
ne it;: an overhanging cliff.   On top    >!
cliff they heard the arumd ol  '._���_   .  li
ahovell   .
'��� Iwondei wha       ���      >    be
.1 ick, listening.
" Did you ni   ���   I eai i �� lodpei (
in j i': a hollow tree A asked  Paul,   	
ng   .   whi er,   with a superior   iir,
bs le     v. 1. itop  da sill*    ��� ig  ���
come ���;
" I'd like to sea I       - ���  I a
Least heed i   bis brot   rs, b    ��� ile
rhere ispa
iug awa;
���.    . ��� ��id tho spa le
tad knocking      ��� landle
put Ik 'in.
told h IS .i .
oi i
ran ii ng wot Is they sa
iy walkei lently came
Ui a little babbling
pro       .;.'���". fi n ��� h ���;  long vail   i   .
i have a drink,
��� I wonder w ie 	
���ai.: 1 Jack, gazing
��� A ���'
" What a d in e
bit ,.' �� mdering '   i r ed Pe   .       Ha
. .. ��� ��� i-r hoard hoa  ?. itei  i,.-. -, fro .. i
gpi . .��� .ii the earth
��� fes, but I'd like to seeformysi
... -.< from, laid Ja k, and away
foil wing the course of the brook.
)���:-   li.-oth.en   bawled after   in    vainM
in' ing could stop him, and Paul declared  turing anything,' wid an old oquett.
thai  f the boy were not mad now he mon  lomew ia   renorableofl ���
wi  d be mau.   If ha kept on racking his     " You ought to have a fellow fei   i
bra i "i foolishly. | me,' was the reply.
T :������ brook grew narrower and narrower
as J'ck went on, until at length hi:cam- to
a Urge walnut. Out of tins the wit,,;r
trii ��� -l and ran.
" I...od day I" said Jack, " How i ime
you to iie trickling and running here all
ale :���'��� ?"'
" I i;n waiting for you," said the wal-
to the dam's milk. Tbe flow of milk should
therefore be increased by every possible
means, lhat the pigs may be kept gro.ring
and thrifty, and that the sow may not become a walking skeleton and have to be
given a long time to recuperate betore she is
in condition to be bred again.
The way to accomplish thia is to feed
liberally, three tines a day, a well balanced
ration. Pigs aie sually fed too much emu
and other foods too rich in carho-hydrates.
They should instead be fed nitrogenous or
protein foods, as they require much mere
nitrogen than old iiogs. By this means we
secure greater growth with a given amount
of food, and there is a more perfect development of bone and muscle, which indicates
a condition of the system least liable to
Perhaps the best foods available at this
season are bran, middlings, corn meal, oil-
meal and grass. In our own experience we
have found a mixed ration of three parts
brau, four parts middlings, two parts corn-
meal and oue part oil meal, by weight, wet
up (with milk as far as possible) to a creamy
consistency and fed in such quantities as
they will eat up clean, and at the same
time appear to be satisfied, gives the best
results. If thus fed in low troughs, we cau
see uo necessity for arranging troughs, for
the pigs in separate apartments inaccessible
to the sow as generally recommended.
The hog's stomach needs some kind of
ribrou3 food to act as a divisor of the more
concentrated foods, md allow the gastric
uices to permeate tlie entire mass and thus
greatly aid in the digestion of the whole.
It is often disputed that piga. when nursing
the dam, and liberally fed, will eat much
grass. But they are not only good grassers,
but make better growth.,and are more vigorous than when reared On concentrated food
alone. They should, however, be prevented from running in the grass or clover when
wet with ram or dew.
gets a large growth of potatoes and then
loses nearly all. This loss can to a large
extent, be remedied. If the vines are pulled and the potatoes left in the hills hefor
they are affected as above, every sound
potato will remain sound.
1 believe thers has not, as yet, been any
cheap, harmless remedy discovered that
will enable the vines to remain green till
the crop has ripened I remember very
well when the vines remained green till
killed by autumnal frosts, and the tubers
were a large growth and fully ripe, if the
potato rot ia ever effectually hindered it
wiil be by spraying the vines with something so distasteful to these little pests that
they cannot work among the vines.
Practical Pointers.
A. colt's education should begin the first
week of its life. Then its disposition is
formed belter than at any other time.
Th..- life experience of the " wideawake
farmer" may be of great service to mankind
when added to the sum of agricultural
An excellent foot warmer when riding in
3leigh or buggy in colJweather ia a lighted
lantern between the feel surrounded by lap-
If the grindstone is left to freeze it will
be impossible to keep it running true, and
the value of the stone is lessened by half
when one side is chipped away by frost more
ttisn i3 the other.
Fruit in its season���and that means the
year round, taking the excellent winter
apples and pears now so extensively grown
���is an economical article of food aside from
its health giving virtues.
They who fear for the future of our agriculture forget that the average increase of
our population ia greater than that of our
wheat, production, and that we are gradually becoming independent of foreign markets.
Hoard's Dairyman believes that the great
foe of the farmer, either as a private dairyman or creamery patron, is bis own lack of
good dairy understanding. This is the devil
that is phving the mischief with our prof
Dr. Hoikina' experience for the year 18!)-
shows that he can grow���In com fodder so
good that the cows eat up ever} si-rap cf It
without even the trouble of cutting it for
them���more winter iced for them on four
acres than his whole thirty aores of fodder;
it was grown in a young orchard,
Do not feed sparingly while dry. No
branch is so sadly neglected as feeding. Look
over, besides, if done abruptly, it is apt j to the individual needs of cows. Pure air
to cause the sow great suffering. ��� The first I and sufficient exercise must be had, and the
step should be to gradually change the foodl lack of these is a great cause of abortion.
of the sow to dry corn or one that will not There is no question abont profit with the
produce so much milk,   keeping up  the right conditions.
The weaning of pigs when improperly
done sometimes puts a check on tbeir
growth from whicli they  never  fully re-
protein tation with the pigs on a separate
floor where the sow cannot go. When the
How of milk has thus been checked somewhat, separate the pigs entirely from the
dam during the day, by confining the sow
but letting the pigs bave full range and
uiow them to sleeptogether at night. After
being thus separated for a few days they
m iy be weaned entirely and neither piga
nor sow will scarcely know when or how it
was done. If there he runts in the Iitter.it
] ia an excellent plan to allow them to run
with the sow for a few days after the others
are removed, which has a tendency to even
them up,
last but not least, they should have dry,
clean, warm quarters to rest  and .sleep in,
for the comfort of an animal has  much to
do with its development
We know
om experience that pigs treat   .   . ^_^^^^^_^__
ed as indicated in this article will make a : plant food,   while il is in a liquid or
growth for the food consumed that will bo I solved state.   Thus it is seen not only
To horse owners wiio desire to have their
horses' feet filled with the loathsome, foot
wrecking disease known as thrush, we can
say that the mud and filth which can be
found at this time of the year in so many
yards and stalls, where horses are kept, are
factors extremely conducive to that condition.
The farmer of to-day can produce at
least twice aa much by his labor and buy
most articles al. less than one-half the
price of 50 years ago. This condition has
beeu largely brought about by the middleman. He has made an endless chain, carrying produce from the farmer to the
manufacturer and back again to the
Many people forget lhe fact that plants
do not oat, but drink. They can ouly appropriate  the  fertilizing elements in any
ai e
Pat's Oonfa   i
i   ������   ii
low Ma            . ..-             dry and  fertile.   With
e  much to answer for   .   island mi     nploughed
pi il" il le, and entirely satisfactory to the
fotato Oultora-
The point, ia indigenous to this country,
i   iw extensivelj cultivated and eaten
irts ol the world.    The seed
��� -,;,' lined ii ",.��� ripene i balls trom which
m bi ol: lined.
le, the        : ir planting is
ti mi. if the sea-
The  y i ing  vines must
lab ipi ii . frosts, as freezing
iteria Ij  n arei theii   growth,   Nearly
! kind ��� .' oil will prodm a good potatoea
���' j Fore, is the best, as it is generally fertile
ind  q i ���   free   of worms    It should  be|
>t, id liately before
planl   :   ������        lea1 is I      land free ol
' j -Tumiy,',,.,... red the p n-oedi n ieol hoeing,   Planl large
" aaid Pat, '���* I shall aa),     .,-..,.   ,     .    mpport the young plants
the liquid excrements lost by passing down
through the stable floors as they do in many
cases, but the rains still further rob the
value of the solid portion by washiug away
the more soluble portions.
When the laborer is hired for six months
at, aay, twenty dollars per month, he may
work awhile ihen refuse to work in June
or Jul ..nless paid harvest wages ; and as
the laborer that will do this has no property
his employer is helpless, The propor plan
would he to specify fifteen dollars as the
wage for each of the first three months,
thiity dollars each for the fourth and filth
months, and fifteen dollars for the sixth
month. If the hiring is for a year; the wage
for each month should be proportioned to
the value of the labor customary at that
''������ ill, hen- I am," cried Jack, and tn,    I"''"1 "'
i your |     '.'���'..
Fellow Fe��! am
" Vmi have been in the army  i   <   .
u i, but I never heard oi .       ip
How a]
"Because we both know   whatlt Is to
gl IW   Id   without, mak    g any    0
The late King Louis II of Bavaria
berorl tho royal property lo iui h an ontenl
thai il will require a paymentol tISOa lay
during eighteen yean before his di ita >-
ing i b ' of moss, he stopped up the hole to
kei |    ��� water from flowing nut.
P ".rg the walnut in his scrip,  he the
Mrs Bix   "I wondei wl j pai rots   i
f> easily.     Mr   Bi*   " Perhaps b a
I toy I i,v   iui li awful bills before i1 em
. 1 ones  H, I at harvest time
-   vill be i    a thai repa
On a h leing i inffl iei t, The hills should
in too 'la-.   Thia gives Hie
ita cl ir.ee to i-1 titj thc ��� rop foi
war-1 faitei than illefl flat, ai d in w i
wna provi ���    ite aj id Ullage,
I /��� onl) drawbaok or uui i talnty in
i lising potatoes In this oounti,, la tho Colorado beetle and the potato llj As mon
is the Colorado beetles appeal the) should
'..- hunted uid killed. The held should bo
kepi ii oleai ol 'in-old ial is possible, Tins
leavoi tho young brood in a< an e th it It an
easily bs gathored up and dostroyod,
Home good i nmmeri Ial fortillzera il ild
be mini aboul SOO pounds to tho ai re,
Tins amount will In reaso the nop about
ci alt, md tho quality of the potatoes
will be better, -all diminishes theuepreda-
 ol th- v irious kind i ol '.onus.
Tho potato Hy Is tli" i iuse ol the rot,
llOl     '   ��� n -ay poople w    ��� iv.   it j     |   |
1 "I by oheinlcaj i lunges iu thi un   iphere,
Friendly Advice-
Hostetter McQlnnis went to a Harlem
iloi tor for advice.
" What is the matter with you !"
" lam as hungry as a wolf and work like
i horso but can't sleep,"
" I guess you had better see a veterinary
surgeon," said the doctor, sarcastically.
" What do 1 want to see him for'.' I am
no veteran.''
Old bachelor (in want of a housekeeper)
--And where did you say your last place
Applicant���My las! situation was at
I'.nemal, sir.
Old bachelor���What's thc name of it-
Animal '
Applicant ���Nn, sir, Knemal,
Old bachelor���Where tbe dooce is that?
Applicant���It's hin Suffick, sir, Ijord
Stradbrooke a
Old hai held -How do you spell it':
Applli anl ���Haiti li, hee, hen, baitch, hay,
hem, haiti h, bay, hell, hell, sir.
Old lacbelor (relieved)���0-o-o-o-o-h!
iHenham hall :~{Judy.
Blue eyes belong to people of at enthusiastic turn of mind.
The Paris sewers are the largest and m03t
complete in the world.
The turtle can live for nearly a century,
and the pike for about 17-3 yeara.
In the reign of Henry II. of Rugland monks
were allowed thirteen courses at dinner.
The speed of trains iu Russia rarely exceeds twenty-two miles an hour.
Gloves with separate fingers were unknown before the twelfth century.
The total number of dentists in the
United Kingdom is 4,il7, as agaiust J.S'.IG
for iNNi', being a decrease of 70,
It is stated that oneof the lady enthusiasts who joined in the pilgrimage to the
Vatican presented the Pope with 300,00Of.,
which she desired should be considered as
Peter's Pence.
It has been found that bicyclists who ride
to excess are atllioted with a catarrhal laryngitis. Mouth breathing and the rapidity
and pressure with which, large quantities of
air are forced into the larynx aro said to be
the cause.
New (iiiiner, has the credit of producing
the only venomous bird known to ornithologists���the Rpir N'Doob, or " Bird of
Death." There is no antidote to the bite of
this bird, which causes excruciating paius
in every part of the body, loss of sight,
convulsions, lockjaw and certain death within two hours.
Azurizawa Ryochi Nichome Saujukanboz
Kio-bashiku is the simple name of a Japanese gentleman who lias discovered the
secret of photographing in natural colours.
It is hoped that he will not imitate Daguerre
by christening tne process with his nwn
name. Think of going to a photographer and
telling bim you want a dozen A/urh-awar-
yochinichomesaiijtikanbozkiobashiku- types
Photographs of growing plants show some
marvellous results, especially among the
climbers. The young stems are said to move
in a .succession of irregular circular or elliptical curves, which vary iu every direction.
These movements are due to the irregular
growth in various parts of the stem.
The stables of King Humbert of Italy are
exceptionally fine, and contain at present
nearly one hundred and fifty horses, chiefly
l'lnglish-bred. The double row of stalls form
a regular streel, so beautifully kept that it
is a pleasure to walk through it, and each
animal has its name printed in large letters
on a little board above tho manger.
The most interesting sight iu Prague is
the old Hebrew cemetery. It ii- in the
centre of the city, surrounded by thick
walls. There are thousands of ancient moss-
covered slabs, some bearing inscriptions of
great antiquity which only Hebrew scholars can decipher. The cemetery is not now
in use, but no other Hebrew burial ground
in Kuropc can compare with it for age or
general interest to tho antiquarian.
There is no accounting for tastes in this
topsy-turvy world. A New V'ork woman
wears a ring in which is set in a rirclo of
diamonds her baby's first tooth. A London
lady of high degree wears set in the jewels
of her bracelet a tooth extracted from the
mouth of her pet poodle. Another affectionate creature use-, the sk ii of a once favorite horse as a hearthrug for ber boudoir,
and has a defunct pet pug mounted in ��
life-like attitude by tbe taxidermist tor an
ornament on her writing-table.
A Berlin clergyman is indignant because
persons dying of cholera are immediately
burled, He asks how it can be definitely
known that they are really dead. He
knows personally of a case in thc year ISIifi,
when a young soldier died in Bohemia, apparently of cholera, and was already in hia
coffin, when, during the night he revived.
The man is still living, and cau be pointed
oul. Cholera often ends with a catalepsy
that is scarcely to be distinguished from
There is in England a new guild, appropriately dedicated to St. Mary and St.
Martha, composed of religious and educated
women, who, after a period of training and
probation, are sent out on the plau of
visiting nurses to relieve the over-worked,
long-suffering martyrs, the housewives and
homeiiiiikers, in every kind of domestic
emergency. They are trained in cooking,
nursery work, laundry duties, plain dressa
making, and are willing to do anything
they can to assist those to whom they go
from religious motives,
Kuropean potentates delight iu a multi
plicity of names, but thia is a matter which
is much better managed In Asia, especially
in Siam. The present King of that country
rejoices in a larger number of names than
is enjoyed by any of his Royal and Imperial
cousins throughout the monarchical hemisphere. He is usually spoken of in the
West us Chulalongkorn I., and even the
"Almanach de (iotlia," gives him no longer
a designation than Soniedrtch l'hra Para-
imiidi Malta i.'hulalong Morn. In hia own
country, however, he is habitually described as Somdatoh l'hra I'aramindr Maha
Chulalongkorn Palllldr Debia Maka Nlong-
j hut I'nriistarutue Ituja Ja Bamougse Warut-
iiiabrouse I'arabut Waiak-hat-tiararajah-
ruhartiragariinkas I'liruina - dhiiruinukem-
,'iba-rujailbirajah Para Manart I'abit l'hra
Chiila Chomkloy Chov Vu Hun.
The most beautiful unman led young
princess in all Europe is the youngest
daughter of the King of the Belgians, the
Princess Clementina. She is just twenty-
two years of age, very tall, has beautifu
dark hair and eyes, aud carries herself like
a queen. She has led a sad life on account
of the misfortunes that have liefallen her
family, Thesuicideofherfavouritcbrother-
in-law, the Archduke Rudolph, anil the
death of Prince Baiidouin of Klanders, who
had been mentioned as her possible husband, have combined to impress her with
the feeling that she should spend her days
in the retirment of a convent. But a marriage with the Crown Prince of Italy or
Prince Ferdinand of Bulgaria ia being discussed. She has a beautiful young girl
friend, the Princess Josephine of Flanders,
who is fair-haired, blue-eyed, and always
happy, and is the greatest heiress in all
" My dear young friend," exclaimed the
gocil man, solemnly, " do you attend church
regularly?" " Ves, sir. but I didn't go today. My sal's visiting friends out of town,
you know."
How to put a horse en his metal���shoe
him A nciiidmawc   unciitai   laucmc-iioc.
ed, and that it would bc explained why
Shan-min-yuen had held him a[ tu e there,
and for what cause he had been subjected
Strange as it may seem in thia hour of
trial, the sun's heat did not seem to affect
me, and later I felt no injurioui
perhaps my head was sufficiently protected
by my mandarin hat of round shape and of
line straw, or perhaps the great excitement
served iu some unknown way as au antidote
to the great heat of the sun's rays.
As we rode onward, urging our steeds to j ,,;���>,( |ia3 sftve(
tesh exertion, and keeping the pony upon 19[* p.
whioh  Norris was tied between us as we     " And what then
went, a terrible fear entered into me
" Suppose, J laid wildly, " that our
ponies break down : what then ?"
Chin-chin-wa answered me at once���
"Face trouble when it comes I"
After that we did not apeak : for our
flight was of that nature which called, upon
in to expand our strength of mind aud body
uppn baste alone ; and, cumbered as we
were with the man and horse between us,
re were indeed sorely tried.
I do not kuow how long we were upon the
r >ad, for my mind too,t uo account of timet
but at last 1 saw that we weie entering a
great village. There we hastened onward,
passing through its streets, unheeding those
who gathered in a crowd behind, until we
reached a vast open 3pace, and I saw sails
and masts at a little distance.
We had reached the Peiho,
Here upou the banks of the river in the
���village of Tungchow, we dismounted, Chin-
chin-wa directing me to release Norris from
'.lie ropes  which bound  him,  whilst  faei  ,  ,   , .
sought for a boat. I **.f th.e (:lune3.e race' mi ouv UvM m*? Pa>'
By the time 1 had done so, he returned
I to agonies such  as this that Chin-chin-wa
:' had found. Thus was I inusiug when Chinchiu-wa moved.    He turned towards me in
a few momenta.
" Have you slept:" he asked    " 1 am a
had sentinel, you see. bi ' I think ::' danger
had been near I should have wakened. The
us: we shall reach Tient-
asked, snswering
only his last words, " In Tientsin we are
far from safe. For my part, I shall only
feel at ease when we get to tea."
''Vou are right ; it is our only safety. I
too feel that we have not passed through
all our dangers. Shan-min-yuen will know
that we have gone to the coast : if he pursues us by river, we have a chance ; but he
may also, by rapidly pushing overland, intercept us. All depend- upon tne hour of
his setting out from I'ekin. if we reach
Tientsin in safety, I shall bribe these men
to' take us on to the coast, unless by
chance there is an English vessel ready for
immediate departure. We must risk the
j sea in tl is cockcle-shell: I believe it is the
, safest means."
"Bu:," I queried, "ate there not enough
Englishmen in Tientsin to protect us'1'
"Vou mistake" was his reply, "\ou
i have seen the settlement, and kuow it to be
j a small one: we cannot estimate the
I strength of our foe3.   We are in the laud
much at this time,
It may be that we
, nr that anxiety held
and in a few words informed nre all
A moment or two since, feariug that re
should not secure a boat, I had foreseen
death only, as Shan-min-yuen must now
have been nearing us; for although. I had
upon my person two revolvers, and Chin-
ohin-wa no doubt carried, as always, his
deadly knife, I had come to know enouirh
of China and the Chinese to perceive how
useless would have been the shedding of
blood, far inland as we then were; and it
was a most fortunate thing that till
this timo the arms whicli I had brought
with me to the north had not, been called
into requisition, for a single drop of blood
might have sealed our fate.
Scarce halt an hour had passed ere we
had Btarted on our journey down the Peiho
ro Tientsin.
Our progress was rapid, for Chin-chin-wa
had secured a triple crew, aud of these men
a number were upon the bank dragging the
boat down stream by means of ropes tied
to the mast.
What came of our ponies I do not know ;
they, as with our baggage ia Pektn, were
left behind. We bad uo' time to care for
such things as these.
The boat upon which we now were was a
house-boat ; so termed by tbe Europeans
in China, since it carries a wooden house,
forming a cabin where the travellers may
We did not speak
Chin-ohin-wa ami I.
were equally wearied
us in iron bounds.
Slowly night began to fall upon us ; but
our speed slackened little, for we were to
travel throughout without stoppage ; and
as it fell, a great sense of peace and security
ard total release from anxiety came upon
mo, and I fell asleep.
When I awoke a feeble limp was burning
in the little cabin where I lay, and I saw
that Norris was beside me. Something
assured me now, as I looked on him, that
it could be none other than he.
Sleep had oome upon him, too, ao 1
judged, for his breast moved gently and his
eyes were closed, so that 1 could not think
that he was unconscious still.
^ I looked closely upon hi3 face : it wa3 an
English face, I could have sworn it, and
yet so drawn that I knew not why I judged
it to be English, for 1 had never seen an
English, face like bis,
Upon his half-shaven head I noticed several black spots uear the forehead, round
and evenly marked, and I wondered vaguely as to what these were.
Then I looked out upon the night, and
distinguished clearly in the half-light of the
moou the figure of Chin-ohin-wa sitting in
the prow gating forward���ao it seemed to
me���as though ever upon the watch.
I stepped out beside him, He too had
fallen under iiatuie's charm, for he slept
sitting at l.is self-chosen post.
I did not disturb either of the sleepers,
but eat down to muse upon the dangers
through which we had passed, and which
Still hung over us, whilst my ears were
charmed by the gentle splash of the waters
we were moving through, and my eyea followed listlessly the half-distinguishable
forms of the men who toiled for us upon the
Night holds a I eauly in these lands unknown to those who live at home. The
still air is lulled Into ecstasy by evory sound
and a near [ eace falls upon the world and
OUbdusa the trouble of man,
Farabove US,in a sky peopled with its million Stars, shone lhe peei'losa moon���not in
its lull glory, but yet beautiful in ita silver
Beneath me, within a foot or two of my
hand, was the Hluggiiih water, whose diugi-
ness waa not observable now that the night
had come. "
On either sido lay the long. low banks,
and before us the curve which the men
with the ropes were straining evcu now to
For a little mj senses drank their full of
the testful glory of an Eastern niglit, so
that trouble passed from me, and I wandered inlo a land of dreams.
It was only now, as I sat quietly, that I
the forfeit of what we have done. Do not
tliink that now, after all that has been,after
the man has been robbed of his prey, and
baulked as he has been, that anything
will stand iu the way of his revenge
He wil! be like an infuriated and senseless
beast, His owu destruction will be a small
thing, if he first compass mine. 1 am glad
that it is so, for now, if we meet, we are as
man to man. iSothing stands between us:
I may destroy this wicked man ! But," he
continued in a lighter tone, "curUvea must
stand apart from others as far as may be.
We shall not risk many lives to save three:
the settlement must not be called upon, else
every European life in Northern!lhina hangs
upon a thread. Vou must see now how
powerless would the legation in Pekin. have
proved, had we gone to them for aid : a few-
men against a nation. What is tbe result.
They are brave ; what does it matter '.' The
Chinese are pitiless and cruel."
" I aee that you are right. Then you
propose to proceed to the coast in this boat
and to avoid entering Tientsin ?"
" If it be possible, it would he the wisest
plan.   We shall attempt it "
" And when shall we reach Tientsin'!" I
"I hope, early to-morrow night;perhaps
before darkness falls.
For i long time we sat talking, for there
was much which each had to say���much that
was repeated and yet seemed new, and held
an interest for each, owing to tne .dangers
faced together which had now bound us in
a bond of union of the truest kind.
Hours may have passed, when in a momentary silence I heard a sound from the
little cabin. "Hush!" 1 said. "It is
Norris who speaks at last."
I went down beside him, and Chin-chin-
wa followed me.
By the feeble rays of the little lamp we
saw that he was awake ; that sleep bad entirely removed tlie cloud, and that the
man was now'conscious and could speak.
It was then that I fully perceived his
emaciated state for it must have been a long
time since he had tasted food, and that alone
had not reduced him to this plight.
Chin-chin-wa poured some samshu down
hia throat : and this seemed to aid his poor
ruined strength, for he asked us in a strange
uneven voire now hoarse and now sunk into
a whi-per if we could give him food.
The knowledge of my own selfishness
stabbed me. I bad nothing suitable to give.
But Chin-ohin-wa was more provident; for,
whilst 1 had slept he had had some soup
prepared, and although it had cooled, it was
nourishing nevertheless.
Norris swallowed a little, as I held him
up whilst Chin-chin-wa placed the basin
to his lips. Then he sank back exhausted,
and Chin-chin-wa said to me���" Leave him.
Come! He is too weak to speak. We shall
come again."
So we went forth again into the night
The first of the dawn was approaching :
but neither of us slept, for anxiety held us
in its bonds.
Slowly the new day was born, and slowly
the morning came and passed. No incident
ooourred, though we were over on the outlook lest our enemies should appear upon
the bank.
Several times we fed .Votris, and gradually he seemed to improve : but it was past
noon before I ventured to sit beside him and
By tint time he wis able to sit up, and
seemed in a fair way to be regaining something of his shattered strength.
" Norris," I had said addressing him for
the Iirst time, "you are safe now,"1'
He was silent for a moment, and then in
hia strange, weak '.nice, "How do you
know my name ?" he aaid.
���' The swallow brought it me," was my
reply, "month.- and months ago."
As I spoke he burst into tears: and I do
not know if it was all weakness which caused him to weep, for the vision of the beautiful bird, weary and worn with its flight
scrota the seas, as it had come to me in
Brussels mouths before, recurred to me.and
my own heart was full, so that I could not
We nearedTientsinat last. We bad paid
off some of the nisn who had toile" '
could picture to myself thescene: for when 11 ALLILL, T "7" "'""' """ TS l��\ ""
had ii toned toChlLhia-wa'. rapid tolSy  EiS broa^d' " * neire'' "" *
mind had been in no condition to fully comprehend.
I had beard and understood, but no
more ; for the sense which man possesses,
which may drink in fear and horror, waa at
thai i ime already Batedllu the presence of
the clangors around UB; and it was only
now for the Iirst lime that 1 could clearly
grasp the truth of what had passed,
What must not, the mnnlhs gone by have
been to Norris,   found, as be   had   lien, a
victim to audi awful torture In tho end I
For his lain, I knew that 1 must wait,
perhaps for many, many daya, and then it
might be lhat tho mystery would be dear-
and deepened, so that
the oars alone were of use, and our boat
was not large enough to hold all the men
whom we had hired.
It was at this time that Chin-chin-wa,
who had been speaking tu the men at the
oars turned to me, as I stood betide him
wonderingly, and said bitterly :
"They refuse to take us past Tientsin."
" Refuse I" I said, astounded,   " Why 1"
" Because," he aaawered, " they see the
Di ISlbllity of unlimited reward : they have
fathomed the truth that every hour is of
Importance to us.''
"Bu'  -(Ive them ths reward���anvthirig
the) ask." I cried.
reward���ifter we pass Tientsin ; but we
muat not carry out that half-made barga:u.
They will agree to nothing. We must leave
this boat at Tientsin."
" Why so?" I asked : for I was puzzled.
"This is the reason,'' was his reply. " I
have promised them great sums if thty will
asrree to take us to the river's mouth. They
have so far agreed that they think the
greater reward lies after the passing of
Tientsin, and with that in view they will
expend their strength so that we may pass
the city. Then they have us in tbeir power:
they may refuse for fabulous sums to move
on, and much time may be lost. At every
bend iu the river their avarice may demand
fresh bribes. We can uot afford to risk our
live3 on such system ot flight."
" Then," I asked, "what is to be done '.'"
" I scarcely kuow. We shall go, I think,
to your German acquaintance, Norris and
yourself must wait there whilst I engage a
steamer or any river conveyance possible to
take us to the sea."
" But why to Bowel's?"
"For this reason: his house, in my mind,
will be the last to which Shan-min-yuen
a steamer or beat might be gone, for we
will go; for Bonsel has not appeared in
(onnecMon with our search, and the man-
I darin will not be likely to go to his friend
1 when upon such an affair as this.''
I    I perceived the strength of his reasoning,
' and yet my mind revolted at tlie idea of
going to Bonsc-l's house.
I put tiiis betore him, asking if we could
not rather remain together, without separating. But he answered me that it would
be niglit, and that, with Norris to support
from place to rlaee, our chance of securing
could not act .apidly when thus cumbered.
For us, darkness was a certain safeguard,
and we now looked to the possibility of
leaving Tientsin before dawn : and it was
true that Shan-min-yuen, if he had arrived
ordid arrive in Tientsin, would he likely to
avoid his German friend when bent upon
such a mission as that of our pursuit: hut,
notwithstanding all this, it was with reluctance that I ayreed.
That Bonsel could have had no hand in
Norris's capture I believed. But supposing
that we had judged him toe leniently iu
this, what then ? I questioned Chin-chin-
wa on this point.
" I shall be with you," was his answer,
" when you go to Bonsel's -. if there is guilt,
we shall know it instantly.   Trust to me."
After that I said no more.
Evening was falling as we moved down
the widened river, past the outskirts of
Tientsin ; past Chinese soldiers at play
upon the banks, swinging from arm to arm,
in graceful movement, great weights, which
passed from one to the other, caught, as
they fell through the air, in curious positions, which must have strained the powerful muscles to the full.
Others, again, were busy upon convict-
work upon the river banks.
The whole river teemed with life, with
curious boats aud junks, aud the air was
tilled with a myriad of human sounds, which
rose alike from the water and the land.
We reached the bridge of boats; it was
I open, and we passed through. Scarcely
j had we done so, when Chin-chin-wa stood
up and commanded the rowera loudly, as
I had known he was about to do, to put to
land. But it seemed that they refused to
obey i for a disturbance arose, since the
men had expected greater reward when
Tientsin was passed. Chin-chin-wa turned
to me.
" Yourrevolvers!" he said. Itook them
from my belt and handed them to him. He
toi k sus in either hand, and, pointing them
to the men, spoke in a voice of command.
For a moment they swerved ; I thought
that this threat was sullicient rand I was
glad, for I feared the result of the pistol
explosion at such a time. But whether it
be that the men were ignorant of the deadly
nature of the weapons^ held by Chin-chin-
wa, or that they felt security in the presence of the life around, I know not; but
certain it is that they did not obey, but
rather rowed the harder down the stream.
The oars, of which, whilst the men tracked
upon the bank, one had been used as rudder,
were now employed by the meu iu front;
and it may be imagined that our boat was
fully manned (even for its size, which was
larger than the ordinary house-boat of its
kind), when it is known that there were five
Chinamen in front, thus making���with
ourselves three���a complement of eight on
The Chinamen were crushed together, but
yet managed to guide the boat.
They did not obey Chin-chin-wa's command, but shouted to one another, and we
moved on rapidly down stream.
Chin-chin-wa did not. lire. Instead sinco
threats were of no avail, he handed nie my
"These are useless; it must be quietly
cone. Wait here ! Do not tire : leave all
to me.   There ia only one way now.
With theae words he .seized iu his hand a
skort pole of wood which was fixed upright
in a hole upon the deck of the stern where
W! stood. It was loose in its socket, for it
hul acled as a part of the helm, the oar in
tits earlier part of our journey having been
ti��d to this with rope.
It came easily to hia hand.and taking it,
he moved quickly forwaid along the side of
tin boat till he came to where the men sat
in the prow, beyond the little cabin upon
I obeyed him, and stood still, though I
longed to follow ; but aa it was, I did the
The Chinamen Instantly knew lhat danger was come : for they stood up as Chin-
chin-wa reached them, and two of them
drew in their oars. But, ho did not give
them a moment for thought.
Wielding his block ol wood with herculean
strength, he knocked the mon over like
ninepins, strikingattheir heads and sending
three of them, as he dill so, ovor the little
vessel's side.
I had scarcely time to think of liis
intention before all this was done.
Three of the men lycre in the water, two
of them being apparently stunned, for their
bodies had sunk.
The third was half swimming with the
tide. Of the two men still left, one must
have been senseless, for Chin-chin-wa raised
bis body and caat it over; and then when 1
thought all was at an end the worst came,
for the last man, who can not have boen
much injured, suddenly rose and precipitated himself upon Chin-chin-wa with alibis
Chin-chin-wa staggered ; then, to my
horror, he half stepped buck, and the next
instant, with the Chilian.an's arms about
him, he too fell iutd the stream, whilst the
The waters closed then, without a sound,
upon him and hia desperate foe.
I could do nothing. My eyes were fixed
upon the spot where the two had disappeared, as the boat swiftly passed it,
1 was alone now with Norris. I am not
a strong swimmer ; and even had I been so
I could have done nothing, since both men
had disappear-!
Could Chin-ciun-wa swim ' The question
in its full agony occurred to me. I iiad
never heard bin. speak of this
Momenta of intense reeling passed over
me as I gazed powetlesaly at the dull water,
whilst the boat drifted on. Of i sudden I
heard a splash. I turned.
" Thank (o.d !" burst from me, " all is
well" ; for Chin-ohin-wa had risen to the
surface in front of me, carded on by some
I saw, on the instant, that he was a powerful swimmer; and hastening forward, I
reached out an oar���he caught it. aud in a
few seconds more stood again by my side,
" I had my knife ; but the man clung to
me," he aaid, between long-drawn breaths,
" even when he was dead."
I turned to the cabin aa he spoke, for it
Her Tars Universally Admired in
the Naval Parade.
.in Amerli m Comment I i>eu Thi-lr-rer-
r-trmanct -Ailmiral Hopkins Expresses
illiuHiir.,. Being ��.-r> \fi-i; a;,:i,^,,|
A ���,..��� il ,,rl ,.,-r mtr i ��� i the Nthr
York Times the following criti isi : the
i-reat naval parade in New i .-k :���
When the men of tlie United Statea fleet
lande 1 the) were dressed in the regulation
blue uniform, with web cartridge belts,
bayoneta, canteena and leggings, All Carrie i Lee maga ine rifles, No ammunition
was carried. The marines of the United
States fleet were dressed in light marching
order, in undress, with white helmets. The
marines were at: ed with Springfield rifles.
Naval officera, who critically compared the
American blue jacketa with those who followed them of other nations regretted that
there waa so much sombrenes's to the American bb,! clothes,
There was a wide margin : 'ellenoe
in infantry work observable among the iif-
suddenly struck me, now that Chin-chin-wa I ferent companiea,   Several of the seamen'
was safe, that it was strange that Nbrris | infantry commands were handled ia :apital
Had given no cry.
I found that he had fainted, probabl
an excess of fear.
(TO tin ' IHTIS   !���!))
��� fashion, are, a ���: the i harleit a ��� n an and
iu I those of the Sau Fraaciaco showing u] , u
ticularlj well, 1 ut In many of the companies
there wa, not that precision '���>'. work exhibited which the officers have been ,\:ce:^ inl -
ed to see when cadets at Annapolis, tin
the whole, though, the show made by the
American bluejaoketa wa., deemed by the
observers us good, if not perfect. The men
looked out for any amount of hard work,
and if their drilling form was not in every
instance up to what it should have been the
blame, at any rate, waa not, iu the opinion
of the observers, attributable to the officers.
Theappearanceof the British blue-jackets
at nearly all points along the line was the
occasion tor applause. The British Naval
brigade waa composed of oOd seamen and
l.r.O marines. The sailors were dressed in
blue uniforms, with leggings and accoutre-
ments, aud the whole topped off by enormous straw hats.   These hats are made by
yveri. thai uur Surveyor* anil tihxi* of
llie Mates Have Now  in llaml
The Canadian scientific expedition,
which is to take part with. Aiferii an surveyors it. the delimitation of the southern
boundary of Alaska, has sailed from Vancouver. The United States party, numbering nearly fifty surveyors and assistants,
has also started tor its destination. The
boundary between Alaska and the Domic ion
has already been located from Mouut St.
Elias north, to the Arctic Ocean, a distance
of about 700 miles. This survey along the
llht meridian, which was completed nearly
two years ago by the American surveyors, I t'i'1"u��' ,   .;
,    .-' s  ,-, ,    .,    n ... ,  c. '    '  the blue ackel.i themselves and are pierced
has heen accepted by the British Covern- ���-
ment.   The undetermined portion of the
boundary is that from Portland Channel
at the southern terminus of Alaska on the
sea, to Mount St. Elias, and the fact that
this part of the couutry requires delimitation at this late date is due to defects in the
treaty of IS25 between Great Britain and
Russia, defining the boundary between their
This treaty, after describing the boundary line as beginning at the southernmost
extremity of Prince of Wales Island, traces
it from that point northwestward along the
" summits of a range of mountains parallel
to the coast to the Hist meridian, thence
following that meridian in an unbroken line
due north to the Arctic Oceau." It happens, however, that no such range of mountains parallel to the coast, as was supposed
to exist, has been discovered, and it was
therefore necessary to take advantage of
another provision of the treaty, which specified that when the summit of this rangs of
mountains was at a greater distance from
the coast than ten marine leagues, the boundary should be formed by a line drawn parallel to the windings of the coast, but never' famous passage in
more than ten marine ieagues from the j of Balaklava, when
shore. j erence to the thin red line, made famous
The country is very broken and densely I the red coat of the British soldier. In all
wooded, and the cost of fixing thia continu-1 there were nearly 150 British redcoats on
mis boundary line parallel with and thirty j shore yesterday. Following the British
miles from the innumerable indentations of' came nearly 000 men from the Russian
the coast at every point would he enormous., fleet. The Russian brigade as a body
For this reason the British and UnitedStates   narched yesterday   the   best of all  the
together out of sennit. Tha British tars
canied Martini-Henry rifles. The new
Lee rifles now used in the British Army
have not yet been issued to the British
The British soldiers, as they marched
took shorter steps than did the Americans,
and consequently appeared to march at a
quicker pace. Their uniform was decidedly-
picturesque. The shirt or blouse ia worn
wide open to ihe lower point of the breast,
and underneath is a white flannel iersey
which reaches up to the lower portion of the
neck and is faced with a blue border. The
collar of the shirt i- extremely wide, and
falls flowing over the shoulders. This collar
is of a color almost sky blue, and sets off
well the sombre blue of the uniform, The
British marines marched with the proverbial steadiness which has alw���yscharacterised them. Nothin? like their marching, it
can be safely said, haa ever beer, seen in the
United States on the part oi the naval forces.
The observer's mind while viewing them
them unconsciously reverted to Kiuglake's
{escribing the battle
Kinglake, by his ref-
Covernments agreed laat summer to carry
out a joint survey at certain points stretching northward from the upper end of Port-
land Channel to Mount St. Elias, and thereby
obtain  information that would enable the
battalions. There was a massiveness about
the Russia column which was not even approached to a little bit by any other of the
other battalions, save possibly the Herman
one.   The Russian sailor a  looked enough
Commissioners of the two (lovernnient.s to : alike to be taken for brothers. They wore
agree upon the boundary without incurring' the blue sailor uniform, topped off by white
the expense of a minute, exhaustive survey, caps and streamers. The men l-eld them-
This is the work that the two surveying selves well together, hut there was not that
parties now sent out are expected to do. I individuality exhibited by them so notice-
They are to fix upon a considerable mini-! able on the part of the British. The Rusher of places distance thirty miles from the J aiau sailors were armed with t.ie Russian
coast line, and with this data the boundary
will be drawn to connect the points whose
position has been ascertained without going
to more  expensive  surveying.   The  two
needle gun. The men from the Argentine Republic cruiser Nuevn de lulio made
but a handful when <omparei with the
massive  column  of Russians.    Yet  thev
parties are expected to return from Alaska j marched remarkably well, and far better
by the end of October. The American j than one would expect from a crew only
surveyors will be explorers as well, and it is j four months aboard its ship. The dress of
expected that they will return with a good I the Argentine Republic men waa similar to
deal of information about native tribes and j that of the British tars, with the exception
the plant and animal life of the country they that the former wore striped undershirts
will visit, a part of which has uever yet been underneath their blue blouses,
explored.   Some of the party  will make I admiral HOPKINS beviiws,
special inquiry into the mineral resources of | Vice-Admiral Hopkins, of the British
this southeastern part of Alaska, particular- j Aeei< wit| UpUin Hamilton, of the Blake
ly along the Stioklne River, where several | ftnd tnc admiral's flag lieutenant, B. 0.
were deeply interested witnes.-ea
rich gold mines are already being worked j Sandema.1
with great profit.
Aa Adventurous Trip.
From the Mersey on Sunday, one of the
smallest, if not the most diminutive, craft '
that have ever left the port of Liverpool
Bailed OU  an ocean voyage.     The little
vessel is named the Victoria.     Her gross I
tonnage  is 30.    She is schooner-rigged,   mlral Hopkina moved to the fn
carries a crew of two white men and two j Governor Flower    Ilis keen blue eyea scan
negroes, and is bound for Sierra Leone, on   ,1!''1 llie ' "input ranks ��l tailors, with their
the West African Coast, where she is in- [straw
tended by hor owners (Messrs, Pickering '
of the march, past. They applauded the
splendid ii.arching of the Yankee sailors
and marines with great vigor, and dolled
their hats for the colors of the I'n ited Statea,
ju.it as all the foreign ollicers uncovered for
all the flags, foreign or of their own country.
When the United States contingent of naval
soldiers had passed, and the bard of tbe
Blake ia.a-in sight from Broadway, Ad-
' ont beside
Berthoud, of Mancheslerand Liverpool) lo
take up a regular service between that port
and the island of Sherbro. The Victoria
carries a cargo of general merchandise, and
is expeoted to make the trip from Liverpool
to Sierra Leone direct in something mer a
month. The vessol hua been built by
Messrs. Dickinson, of Birkenhead, and as
her registered tonnage falls siiort of the
Board of Trade regulations, special permission had to be obtained before she could
be despatched ou her adventurous trip.
Woman in Ancient E��ypt-
Some, one has discovered an interesting
fact about the position of women in ancient
Egypt. Among the bas-reliefs of tiie (lizeh
Museum the great monarchs of the earliest
ages are found of equal size with their wives
and standing on a level with them. A few
hundred years later the lig ures of the wives
are found decreased in size and standing on
a lower lovel than those of their royal
spouses. Still later groups of the most
diminutive of wives are found meekly ranged at the monarchs' feet. It has been suggested that, iih the old rule of retrogression
among women is at an end and her physical
status ia improving, groups of diminished
figures of men may, ages hence, be found
at the feel of women rulera.
iat brims jauntily upturned, the dignified little midshipmen, and the superbly
aocurats marching of ths red raatedandthe
blue-coate I mirinea with a critical eye.
Everybody applauded except the British
ollicers. They left the verdict with their
lines:-, but they could tell by the plaudit,"
thai rang from the steps of the City ball
and all along I'ark Row that it was favorable. Admiral Hopklna dropped back,
when the last British tar ha I passed, to
make roon for another admiral. He was
congratulated upon the fine appearance' of
the men of his fleet.
" Oh, I expected them to march well.
And for sailors who are knocking about on
ship most of the time, I fancy they do
quite as well aa should be expected, The
marines, as 1 have told you, beat all our
troops in the accuracy of their marching.
That bus frequently been a subject of wonder, for they are aboard ship almost M
constantly IS tho sailors, and do not begin
to have the opportunities for drill that the
shore troops have.
Sea-fowls' eggs have one remarkablehey
culiarity���they are nearly conical in fo pe-
broad at the base, anl sharp at the norm,
so that they will only roil iu a circle. Tint,
are BOtnetimes laid mi the bare edges of high
ro ks, from which they wr old almost surely
roil off save for thia happy provision of nature. *Xfy> ftootcnay Star
The stream of pure water which
flows past Long's brewery wonld be
a great blessing to the lowor town if
utilised aa it should be. At present,
inetead of being a blessing, it is very
muoh of an evil by converting land
wbieh wonld otherwise be dry and
healthy into a fever-breeding swamp.
It would seem that Providenoe intended this Stream to be something
better than a hatching plaoe for mosquitoes. This lower town is badly
off for water dnring a dry snmmer.
Although the Columbia Biver rashes
by tbe town, ite waters can be of no
earthly use as a source of supply
unless expensive pumping machinery
is brongbt into requisition. Tbe
stream abovo mentioned oould easily
and cheaply be brought in over or
near the toboggan slide, and the force
from such a fall would create considerable pressure even as for up
Front 8treet as the Victoria Hotel.
An enterprising butcher dug a trenoh
Some years ago and brought the
water as far as McCarty's slaughterhouse. Two hundred yards further
wonld reaoh the brow of the hill,
Where piping wonld be necessary, as
ten little force could be obtained
without pipes. But if the pipes were
laid all the way from the brewery
ths old trench need not be Used and
b quarter of a mile in distance could
be saved. As the open trench passes
two or three Chinese snacks and a
slaughter ��� house, complete piping
would be the better plan. The only
trouble is tbe cost of the pipes. How
to do it is a problem for onr city
fathers to work out. We only give
tbe suggestion. Form a company,
negotiate a loan, of ask the Government to advance the money.
It il a pity that some newspaper
editors in tbeir desire to injure what
they consider to be a rival town will
Seize upon and recklessly publish any
tumor, however unfounded, that will
���HX-re * hit againt tho said rival. The
editor 4* the Kaslo Examiner, either
in malic*,, or perhaps to create traffio
via Bonner*** Ferry, to the avoidance
of Kevelstoke' **d Nelson, publishes
'he falsehood fltoft there ue seven
cases of smallpox iv llhveletoke. The
simple truth is this���/- W. Haskine,
���w,ho spent Ute winter at VtMeottim,
ibrottght bask with Mm a bM/tiftft suit
.wbioh he did not pat ou ui/HtJ- the
river became open enough for tottfagr
and this mm several weeks after b.**
arrival,   A week or two after he put
.on the -suit Mr. Haskins developed
BympUinjB cs* smallpox and was at
onoe removed to a shuck half a taaifc
off in the Umber. The house in whioh
he boarded (which is situated nearly
a mile from the town) was quarantined
ifor 14 days.   No other cm occurred
anywhere near it, bnt a man named
McKay, who had u-cess to Haskins,
caught the disease, and later on Jire,
McKay took it.   Both were placed
in the quarantine ground md a fence
six feet high built around it.   Their
personal effects were burned, the house
lonigated.   This was some time ago.
Mi. Haskins has entirely recovered
and Mr. and Mrs. McKay are earn-
nleeeing fast.  Neither ot these eases
was within a mile of tbe town, and the
jtrun.pl measures taken by the health
���officer aUaywl all fear ot tho Ameme
spreading.   The Examiner's bump ot
discretion must be very snalL
T'tutt strut*!,
QmaJBgly situated no the hank ot
lite, rirsr, on the principal stiw.;.
dee* to Vive poet-otha'e and
QaTTermven*, bniklings,
and wants', W>ii��a
Firs* ���Uv' Table, go-Mi it**!*, |
���HUGH UjUiDcSa a-*-*-**-**..
"Bvmt&vtif ritaatad ������� the TXkti
shun m line train*.-**- to the best and
ahettmti vtsaH So sli* Stowm ntbn aad
Jew Xte-w-r.   The kttl ImVog hi**,
laiit.'-rtg ro. tha Aw'ikrt, 'villi, jjiatrtl j
tatting md 'X-M'iung. twuhtias tor
kmrers and an i-ta
. Tm Bax b mruia* wrm tob
Jkitft-to-awis of vraeMiiynoxa j
aarf cigara.
*B�� mtnwtytimM nf B�� II***) tm J
tjl Om iiwiL
200 to 212 FIRST AVE. NORTH.
psocnisTons or THS
ninneapol.8         ^^ ^pj,^^ Green Salted HIDES,
sneepskin       isrAiss-oiudest. 3oi*303s.i!ii��st.   Calfskins, Dry Hides,
Experttrsof   Tannery.     HELENA, MONT. Pelts, Furs, Wool,
FIKE NORTHERN FURS.         !  '
SaOuBiTY Bmnk of Minn..Miamia.oLta. Mr...
Ft. DlamonN Nar.BaNK, CHioaoo,        lu,
MoNTaNa NaTiONaLBaNM, HeLBNa, Mont.
First National BaNK. Gnaar Fan., Mont.
Fimt NaTiONaL BaNK, 8.0KaNiF'La.Wa��aa.
NaT. BaNKOpCoMMiRoi,8r. Louiaa.     Mo.
Tallow, Grease, Deerskins,,
Ginsing A Sensca Root.
Liberal Advances Made on Shipments Against
Original Bill ol Lading.
Shipments Solicited.   Write for Circulars.
sIi1[i|,ith from i hia Hlnti! Corn-spoml with aod Con-
BlgD tu MllinraiKilia IIuuki.
Mining and Real Estate Broker and General
Commission Agent.
Is situated at the bead of the North-East Arm of Upper
Arrow Lake. It is the easiest point from wbieh to enter the
remarkably rich mines of tbe Lardean and Fish Creek Districts. It will hare the advantage of both rail and steamboat lines. The C.P.R. Will begin the building ofa line from
Rerelstoke to the N.E. Arm of Arrow Lake as soon as the
weather will permit. LARDEAU is at the bead of navigation on this Arm, and will be the terminus of steamers and
that of tbe Lardeau & Kootenay Railway. There is no
tinestion tbat tbe Rieb Mining Districts which are tributary
to LARDEAU will attract thousand*! of Prospectors and
Capitalist? daring thc present season,and that a large town
will grow np at that point. The history of Kaslo will be
repeated at LARDEAU tbis year, aud investors in Kootenay'
property sboaki study this situation. Kuslo, in many instances, has already repaid from 500 to 1,000 per cent, to*
The wisdom of an investment in LARDEAU it*
without tpiestion.
For further parUenJara, prices and terms, apply to any of ibe nnder-
ROBERT IRVING, Trustee, Broad Stmt, Tat*foria.
HENRY CROFT, Colonist BnMfi-**, GoTernment Street, Yictoriu.
DOUGLAS & COn 139 Codofa Street, Vaucoaver.
GREEN, RICHARDSON & CO., 57 Jamesoii BuMng-, Spokane..
DAVID F. DOUGLAS, Resident Agent, Lardean.
Atlantic EjqarusH, an-inf* 10.10 daily.
Pwtfitt ** ��      ItkSi    ��
C'b��Hp>*i"- mwrt retUhh) snd Ktfa
rate ko Montrsai1,Torootoi, til. fan).
fMim^n,   X��w  York   nmH   Bestoo
Bitas |5 vi |l��losm thai snj other
other rrmtV,
���ipcftially Iffcd Ctfotdtl Car*, in
���bans ot a fort-r, tor tlio Mocnuto.
Attain f*f fuumifj*��� lK>lilm*> wntiA
^wc tfebata I'liaawn^ers ImoW la
iw} from all Bntopasn pabti a*.
f./>WWt  lUta-fl,
lyw |i'r*-is;M Ratoff. Qnicfc rTw
���nilia-h. Stferobantfl will save money
hy hmng their freigbl ranted tie
PwB arid mftalai* atftitmnlAn gni-n
by applying to
Assl Qttfl Piraigfaf Agt,1? wttrnvot
or lo f. f. BBEW8TE8,
0. & H. LEWIS,
mtm km nnptBRt
f'��t��rt*il Bw.
WTfurtnir, aunt t BHX3ALTT
ih:vi;i,-.tokiv. itr-
��� rorlnr.ir����t"','i'.��i^5fr.BH<ini1'K)f)lrwrlti)t()
J4l;H.aj a CO, SSI "ImiAliVAr, N��W YORK.
'Il.litft i nn.-RQ rirr ffiy.iirii.g tini. nta In Anidrlca.
Hrarj. putairit t.ia.-n out by- un in brmiKlit. befrir*
. ia.a piilillc l.y a iu.' .'in Kit-am timdr rlmixu lo llie
f Mittif if $mt\m
iKrwti. rtrnilo*!' 11 Of any vloiUlfln (jiipar In tha
��>xit aiiira-l'i.'.T llluatmtaii No luhlllKont
' mun nhfiold tm w'.tlmut it. Wijckly **.'(.00 ��
���p��ri aiiflalx month*. A.Mwn JIIIN.V ,t CO��
yeaunn'.ns. .'llll arija<iw��y,A��w y.jrliCltr.
U w Me
ri yoa to, yoo ii��M haif THE'
a Tert, Bfxifc fur f/irrMpondcnts Re-
port.rr. Editors snd QsnsjuV Writurn:
<t .t oa iiWiin .-ir chick, BT
t J7 WASSW Snutr New Yosk,. W. Y.
Jtittt^ttttmymtawiMiaaijio, witire-
>���   ��� ���   .    ���tt'-ift..-  i  .'-.I;;��(.!. toa- IcMTllna-
Fresh Groceries,
Oamping Outfits, Clothing,,
-Ladies'1 Fancy Goods and
Revelstoke, New Denier
and Nakusp.
Giant Powder kept in stock at New Denver and
Messrs. C. B. Hume & Co,,
Revelstoke Station,
'COTarignment of Better and Egg�� reewved mry week.
Onr store at Trout Lake City is stocLed witk
Everything required by
liners and Prospectors.
*   Tt
��I <,
<   l T 1
tQ 2 I
F*  o  q
^        >
r  I
���41 n
��        af
. j 4
e> 5>
i .(4
h bo
Furniture & Undertaking.
Has a large Stock of Household Furniture, Coffins, Caskets,.
Shrouds, &c.
REVELSTOKE,    B.C. ms   uiuiti aim '..umi
Nobody sit* io tho little arm chair!
It fctMidH in a corner dim ;
But. a whito-haired mother gating thoro.
And yenrninaly thinking of him.
Sees through the dust of tho long i��ro
Thc bloom of hor hoy's swoet faco.
An he rocks so merrily to and fro.
With a laugh that cheers theplace.
Somotlmos he holds a book in his hand,
sometimes a pencil nnd slate,
Tho lesson 'shard to understand,
And the figures hard to'mnke:
But sho sues the nod of his lather's lie id,
So proud of the little sou.
And she hears the word so often said,
"Nj fear for our littloono."
Thoy were wonderful days, the dear swoet
When a child with sunny hair
Was hers to scold, to kiss, and to praise.
At her knee in the little chair.
She losthini barn in tho busy years,
When the great world caught tho man.
And he strodo away past hopes and foam
To his place in tho battle's van.
But now and then in a wistfuldroam,
Liko a picturo out of date,
She sees a head with a golden gleam
Bent, over a pencil and slate.
And she lives again the happy day,
The day of her young life's spring,
When tho small aruvohair stood just in tho
The centre of ororylhing.
-IMargaret E.Sangstor, in Harper's.
A Talk tt Hothsn-
I think telling to children, mere babes,
the wonderful story of perpetuation, has
heen overdrawn io many instances. The
child of less than three years, who is supposed to comprehend how her new brother
happened to be present, may hare heard the
story, just as her mythical brothers and sis-
tors are told things in imagination. A safe
way ia to cultivate common sense. A wise
mother notes the dawn of understanding in
her child, according with the age where a
knowledge of certain facts becomes necessary, anil is an unfailing mentor in time of
ChtlJi-en are much influenced by surroundings, and sometimes they make them precocious beyond their years. To sucb, a
helping haud must constantly be held out.
The silent child often escapes observation
in the thirst for information. But in every
case the watchful mother, if she be bleat
with common sense, will know the right
method to pursue.
A mother may talk to her boys as well as
her girls, aud the need for her counsel is
usually greater with the sons. She can easily give them all the necessary information
and warn them of all that they should
My boy Chet, now taller than I, and I
am not dumpy, comes to me as naturally
with his confidences, as does my little
Grace, He comes from force of habit, formed early in life, when I sympathized with
him over every childish misfortune.
I remember with what a heartache I kissed my children, and sent them, or took
them, for their first day at school. How
vividly I realized,that there began the first
severance of the strong cord of home influence ; that thereafter 1 must fight with the
world for my own.
Yet it is better for the child, having the
world to face sometime, that he be educated among his fellows, and early prove his
claim to recognition or oblivion, as the
world's opinion goes. He who holds his
Ik-si. good at heart cannot do less than con
Stantly watch lest he fall,
The travail of birth is the least of child-
homing. The child is borne upon our
hearts till we are laid to rest.
���[Monnie Moore.
Don'ts for Huabaadu-
Don't hang around the kitchen offering
advice and suggestions to your wife in regard to hor work. You have no more business in her kitchen than sbe in your office
or countingroom.
Don't be so very, very saving of your
praises of your wife. Be just as recklessly
extravagant In this direction as you choose.
No danger of bankrupting your stock of
affection, or hers either, by such a course.
Don't compare her to other women to her
disadvantage, and don't speak of her failings to aiy other person on the earth. Men
who talk about their wives deserve, and receive, the contempt ot all respectable per.
Don't reserve all your sullen pouting
spells for your own fireside. Distribute
some of your hatelulness around the other
places, where others will tell you just what
they think of you for such unchristianlike
Don't tell her how she ought to dress her
children or herself, and don't forget to tell
her when you see her looking prettier than
And don't forgot certain little promises
and solemn vows you made to her on your
knees in the days of your courtship and at
the marriage altar. They are registered
on high and you may some day be reminded
of them to your infinite sorrow.
meu mini aula llicuvia uuue.
There is nothing more appetizing in
spring and summer than a well-made salad.
It need not be elaborate, involving a great
amount oi time in its preparation ; often ���>.
simple one proves quite as tempting.
There is a long list of " green things
growing" whieh may be converted into
salads, as lettuce, cucumbers, asparagus,
onions, beets, celery, dandelions and watercress, besides fruit, eggs, meats, and all
cooked vegetables. In fact, the list would
lie shorter if one mentioned those irticlei
of food which may not be used in that
If one does not wish to make a regular
dressing, the salad may be seasoned with
salt, pepper, oelery salt, mustard or any
way preferred, then moistened with vine
gar and melted butter.
Salads should be served the day they are
prepared, but many salad dressings may
lie bottled and kept for weeks. The following is recommendod :
Bom.ui) Salad Drksswii.���Beat yolks
of eight eggs, add to them a cupful of
sugar, one tablespoonful osch of si.lt, mustard and black pepper, a liltle cayenne, and
half a cupful of cream ; mix thoroughly ;
bring to a boil a pint and a half of vinegar-
add one cupful of butter, let come to a
boil, pour upon the mixture, stir well ami
when cold put into bottles. Set in a coo!
Bk.in Salad.���Siring young I eaus, break
Etui Salad.���Slice six cold, hard-boiled
eggs ; pour over them a cold cream dressing
made of two eggs beaten well, a teaspoonful
of sugar, one-fourth teaspoonful of salt,
two tablespoonfuls of cream, a pinch of
mustard, two tablespoonfuls of vinegar;
cook in a double-boiler and stir until it
Oranok SaUD.���Six oranges and one
bunch of lettuce. Peel the oranges, divide
into sections aud remove the seeds. Arrange a few sections on each plate upon
lettuce leaves |and pour over them a salad
dressing. In preparing this dressing do not
use onion juice; lemon juice in place of
vinegar makes it finer.
Chicken'Salad.���Cut the meat from a
roasted chicken, chop with a few stalks of
celery or sprigs of parsley, Sprinkle with
salt, white pepper, snd pour over it a few
spoonfuls of vinegar and oil. Let this stand
two or three hours, then place it on a plate
or salad dish in the midst of fresh lettuce
or parsley leaves, and pour over it a salad
Various Seoioii-
Pressed Beef.���Chop fine two pounds of
beef aud one pound of lean, fresh pork.
Add one cup cracker crumbs, one beaten
<%g, salt, pepper, and sage if liked. Steam
three hours, and leave in the dish overnight. This is nice for anyone carrying
cold dinners, as well as for home lunches.
Potted Ham.���When the ham it nearly
finished cut off all the meat and chop as
fine as possible; add pepper, mace, cloves,
etc., and a little melted butter. Pack
tightly in a jar and pour a little melted butter over the top,
Scalloped Okions.���Peel and boil a few
onions in salt and water till tender. Pick
the onions to pieces and put a layer in the
bottom of a buttered disb, then a layer of
crackers and so on till the dish is full.
Have a layer of crackers on too; season
well, fill up ths dish with milk, and bake
a nice brown.
Hycie.vic Coitse. ���Two quarts of wheat
bran, one cupful ot molasses, white of one
egg ; to be well mixed, and browned in the
oven until of a dark brown color, stirring
often to prevent scorching.
Sour. Coosies.���Two cupfuls of sugar,
two eggs, one-half cupful of butter, one-
half cupful of fried meat gravy or drippings, one-half cupful of sweet cream, one-
half teaspoonful of soda. Before baking,
dip the top of each cooky in the white of
egg, then in granulated sugar. The white
of the egg is not to be beaten.
Laves Cake,���One cupful of powdered
sugar, half a cupful of butter, three-fourths
cupful of milk, two cupfuls of flour, three
eggs, two teaspoonfuls of baking powder,
flavoring. Cream the butter and .sugar,
add the well-beaten yolks of eggs, the milk
with the flavoring, the flour into which the
baking powder has been sifted, and last,
the stiffly beaten whites. Stir lightly.
This makes three thick layers.
Steamed Podding.���Two eggs, one cupful ot sour milk, one-half teaspoonful of
soda, three cups of flour, one cup of fruit if
liked; steam two houis. Serve with cream
and sugar. I put in raisins unless I have
fresh fruit.
Poor Man's Pcddini;.���Peel and slice a
layer of apples in the bottom of a dish, then
a layer of breadcrumbs that have been softened in water. Repeat this until the dish
is full, sweeteuing the apples every time.
Finish with a layer of bread and dot with
bits of butter. Fill up with water and
bake. Serve while warm with cream and
A Good Plain- Pudding.���One cupful of
sour milk, a pinch of salt, one-half teaspoonful of soda, one cupful dried berries���sliced
green apples are good���and cornmeal to
make a batter as thiok as for Johnny cake.
Steam half an hour and eat with sweetened
cream. I find a round cake tin with a
center tube an excellent dish in which to
steam puddings.
Mother's Bread.���Put two quarts of flour
into a pan, and pour boiling water over it
until nearly all the flour is wet. Stir the
flour while pouring on the water. Add one
pint of cold water, and beat welL Let it
stand until lukewarm, then add one cup of
potato yeast, butter the stze of an egg and
half a teaspoonful of soda, and flour to make
a stiff dough. Turn it out on the moulding
board and work in more flour by slashing it
with a sharp knife. Slash, add flour and
knead until the dough is stiff and smooth.
You cannot get too much flour into it. Let
it stand until morning, then knead it down
without removing it from the pan. After
breakfast, turn it out on the board, and
knead it for ten minutes, then put it back
and let it rise as much as possible without
smelling like wine, and make it intiloavss.
U'hen the loaves are light they should be
put into a hot oven which is allowed to cool
gradually until the bread is done. Bread
made in this way will keep fresh a long
A Good Soap Recipe.���Four pounds of
soap cut fine, one pound of sal soda, two
ounces each of turpentine and borax, two
and one-half gallons of rain water. Cook
Try it in a saucer. When cooling pour in
one ounce of coal oil, aud stir in half a teaspoonful of fine salt.
Frills of Fuhion.
Short shoulder capes of lace will be worn.
Galloons and ribbons are the most stylish
All skirts are cut with a pronounced flare
at the bottom.
Dark blue cheviot with a lining of plaid
silk is a good choice for an ulster.
All new skirts are wide but are smooth at
the top and flare outward at the foot.
Nine gored and seven gored skirts with
bias sesma are among the latest fashiou.
Tailor made dresses should have as plain
sleeves as the present fashion will allow.
A very short cape either in one ruffle
with a ruched top or with a flat collar is
All sleeves whether cut like the mutton-
leg, puff or elongated puff are made lo
The semi-circular flounce lined with crinoline is used in making over dresses that are
too narrow.
Hair cloth, linen canvas, grass linen and
crinoline are used for stiffening skirts; hair
cloth is used for heavy dresses.
Cut out the waist of a dress first and
then the skirt, or plan for the waist first
for that can not be scrimped. If the cloth
falls short the sleeves may be nude of contrasting material.
To face the bottom uf a basque, baste
the facing on and then stitch the bottom.
Turn the facing up and baste again, then
press before it is felled down. Tins will
keep the facing from drawing.
Flounces will be greatly used this summer. A new method of trimming is a fold
of velvet at the lower edge of a skirt then
a fold of silk and finally a fold of the dress
material. There should be a two-inch
space betweeu the folds and if the arrangement is repeated making six folds it will
be yet mote stylish.
For a work dress make a plain skirt four
to five yards in width; then finish the
bottom with a deep hem or a six-mob ruffle.
Make a shirt waist with three box plaits
both back and front, shirt sleeves, a rolling collar and cuffs and wear with it a
leather belt. Pearl bottons are used on
wash dresses -, if trimming is added let it
be an embroidered collar and cuffs. Do not
make a wash dress to fit tightly.
The Story of the Ioa Age.
There cannot be any doubt that after
man had become a denizen of the earth, a
great physical change came over the northern hemisphere. The climate which had
previously been so mild that evergreen
trees flourished withiu ten or twelve degrees of the North Pole, now beoame so
severe that vast sheets of snow and ice
covered the North of Europe and crept
southward beyond the south coast of Ireland, almost as far as the southern shores
of England, and across the Baltic into
Frace and Germany, This Arctic transformation was not an episode that lasted
merely a few seasons, and left the land to
resume thereafter its ancient aspect. With
various successive fluctuations it must have
endured for many thousands of years.
When it began to disappear it probably
faded away as slowly aod imperceptibly as
it had advanced, and when it finally vanished it left Europe and North America
profoundly changed in the character alike
of their scenery and of their inhabitants.
The rugged rocky contours of earlier times
were ground smooth and polished by the
march of the ice across them, while the
lower grounds were buried under wide and
thick sheets of clay, gravel, and sand, left
behind by the melting ice. The varied and
abundant flora which had spread so far
within the Arctic circle was driven away
into more southern and less ungenial
climes. But most memorable of all was
the extirpation of the prominent large
animals which, before the advent of tne
ice, had roamed over Europe. The lions,
hya-uas, wild horses, hippopotami, and
other creatures either beoame entirely extinct or were driven into the M aditerranean
basin and into Africa. In their place came
northern forma���the rein-deer, glutton,
musk ox, woolly rhinoceros, and mammoth.
Such a marvellous transformation in climate, in scenery, in vegetation and in inhabitants, within what was after all but a
brief portion of geological time though it
may have involved no sudden or violent
convulsion, is surely entitled to rank ae a
catastrophe in the history of the globe. It
was probably brought about mainly, if not
entirely, by the operation of forces external
to the earth. No similar calamity having
befallen tho continents within the time during which man has been recording his experience, the Ice Age might be cited as a
contradiction to the doctrine of uniformity,
and yet it manifestly arrived as part of the
established order of Nature. Whether or
not we grant that other ice ages preceded
the last great one, we must admit that the
conditions under which it arose, so far as
we know them, might conceivably have occurred before, and may occur again. The
various agencies called into play by the extensive refrigeration of the northern hemisphere were not different from those with
which we are familiar. Snow fell and glaciers crept as they do to-day. Ice scored
and polished rocks exactly as it still does
among the Alps and in Norway. There
was nothing abnormal in the phenomena
save the scale on which they were manifested. And thus, taking a broad view of the
whole subject, we recognize the catastrophe,
while at the same time we see in its progress
the operation of those same natural processes which we know to be integral parts
of the machinery whereby the surface oi
the earth is continually transformed.���[Sfr
A. Geikie.
Thn Spider's Enemy-
A writer gives an interesting account o
the curious habits of the ichneumon-fly of
Ceylon, the natural enemy of the spider.
This insect is green in color, and in form
resembles a wasp, with a marvelously thin
waist. It makes its nest of well-worked
clay, and then goes out on a hunting expedition. Its victims are invariably spiders
of various kinds, but all are subject to the
same mode of treatment. A scientific sting
injects some poison, which effectually paralyzes the luckless spider, who is then carried
off to the nest and there fastened with a dab
of moist clay.
Another and another victim is brought to
this cliaml.fr of horrors. Then the prescient
mother ichneumon-fly proceeds to deposit
her eggs one in the body of each spider,
which can just move its legs in a vague aimless manner, but can offer no resistance,
This dono the fly returns to her work as a
mason. She prepares more clay and builds
up tbe entrance to this ghastly cell, Then
she commences a new cell, which she furnishes in like manner, and closes; then she
adds yet another cell, and so proceeds until
her store of eggs are all provided for, and
her task in life being accomplished, she dies,
leaving her evil brood to hatch at leisure.
In due time these horrid little maggots
come to life and find themselves cradled in a - larder of fresh meat. Each poor
spider is still alive and* his juices afford
nutriment for the ichneumon-grub till it is
ready to pass intoiti chrysalis stage, thence
to emerge as a winged fly, fully prepared to
carry out the traditions of its ancestors with
regard to spiders, and to fulfill the purpose
for which they havo been created, according
to ichneumon belief.
Two base-ball clubs, composed entirely
of young ladies, have been formed in East
Like, Ala.
In no part of the world, says the Scottish
American, has Scottish military prowess
been more daringly exemplified than in
Cauada, and yet its record there excites
little or no comment outside of the Dominion. When public speakers in Scotland
allude to the doings of the country's kilted
warriors they refer eloquently to India, to
the Cape, to the continent of Europe, and
very seldom say a word as to what the Highland soldiers accomplished for the British
empire in Canada. And yet, in a great
measure, it was their loyality, bravery,
endurance and daring that preserved that
great Colonial empire to the British flag.
In the histories of the Dominion such commands as those of Fraser'g Highlanders, and
such names as Peter Hunter, Simon Fraser,
John Murray, William Drummond and a
host of others, figure largely and honorably ; but to the general reader, we fear
they have no significance. The time will
come, however, when the services to Britain
of these heroes will be everywhere fully
In most American histories where the
Highland soldiers who fought in Canada
or the States in early times are mentioned
thay are referred to io a general sort of
way, just as they speak of the Hessians.
On only a tew occasions do they descend to
details and inform us exactly to what par.
ticutar regiment
THE TR001.fl
ment-'oned belonged, or what names they
bore. Then the Black Watch fought many
of their campaigns on this side of the Atlantic, but with American Writers as our
guide it is difficult to follow their movements as their individuality is very frequently lost under the general term of " Highlanders," and we tind it impossible to tell,
without referring to other sources, whether
the troops belonged to the Black Watch,
to Montgomery's brigade, or to the old
Argyle Highlanders raised by John Campbell of Barbreck.
In Bancroft's " History of tbe United
States" we read, in the account of the siege
of Quebec, 1775, that, to aid in ihe defence
of the stronghold, "Colonel Alan Maclean
arrived on the 12th of November with 170
men, levied chiefly among disbanded Highlanders who bad settled in Canada," There
is nothing here to guide us as to what particular squad of Highlanders is referred to,
and we have to go to other sources to find
that these troops belonged to a regularly
organized oommand, tbat the men had all
served in disbanded regiments, that some
of them had settled in Carolina, that the
number who reinforced the Quebec garrison
was nearly 350, and that the date of entry
waa the 13th November.
The Highlanders referred to were thc
first battalion of the old 31th Regiment���the
Royal Highland Emigrants. As this command was never in Great Britain, as its
term of service was^iassed in America, and
almost entirely in'Canada, and as ita history is but little known, it may not be amiss
to devote this article to describing in outline its career.
It was a long time the policy of the British Government to give a grant of land to
auch discharged men in tbe Highland regiments, serving in this country, as agreed to
settle down iu the localities selected, and,
as the saying now is, " help to build them
up," The Highlanders made as good colonists as soldiers, and were just tbe very men
who could best toil regardless of
until the land which was given them was
cleared of its weed and stone, and brush and
tree, and was ready to yield a generous
harvest. Some of these veterans, after peace
was declared in 1763, settled in the northern part ot the state of New York, others
went as far south aa North Carolina, and
there were settlements of them in various
parts of Canada, notably in Nova Scotia.
Individual settlers were found all the way
between Canada and Virginia, and they appear to have been everywhere regarded
with much consideration, and to have enjoy
ed the friendship and good-will of their
When the revolutionary trouble began
Britain soon saw that she was likely to need
again the services of these cast- off soldiers,
and made many efforts to bring them together into compact organizations, It was
almost invariably found that the highlanders
were as willing as ever to fight for the old
flag. The " Royal Highland Emigrants,"
as one of the new organizations was called,
waa composed of these veterans, and they
certainly made that name (or their later
numerical designation, the 84th)as famousas
even Eraser's Highlanders, if we take time
and opportunity into account. The regiment
comprised two battalions, one of winch was
raised solely iu Nova Scotia and the other
mainly in the States.
This battalion from tho States���the first
���was brought together by Alan Maclean,
son of Maclean of Torloisk, and one of the
bravest soldiers who ever left Mull, In
April, 1775, he went secretly into Carolina,
and formed a company there, and, leaving
them to make their way north to the appointed rendezvous he hurried to other sections to arouse the old soldiers.
That company had rather a rough experience. The country was at. tnat time in a
condition nf open hostility, and the spectacle ofa band of trained soldiers marching
to the support of a flag that had been repudiated waa not likely to be viewed with
complacency hy the revolutionary sym>
pathizers. Under the command of Capt.
Alex, Maoleud, formerly au ollicer in
Eraser's Highlanders (the old 78th), they
made their way northward. Crossing a
bridge over a oreek one day they fouud it
at the other end, and firs was opened upon
them before they could take any means to
retreat or protect themselves. In endeavoring to force the passage Capt. Mncleod was
killed, at were several of the men. The
rest, when the fight was over, agreed that
it was not judicious to pass openly through
the country of an enemy, and divided into
amall parties, reaching their destination
after undergoing groat suffering and escaping many dangers,
When his recruits wore gathered together Colonel Maclean commenced a.series
of forced marches and entered Quebec just
in time to reinforce the garrison tlie-n,
which was confronted by a revolutionary
army under Benedict Arnold. It h allowed
that the successful defence of Quebec was
mainly due to Col. Maclean and his gallant
Highlanders. Every move made by Am
old (and however he miy be judged it can
gomery was resisted with a degree of skill
and bravery that won the admiration even
of the enemy. For the latter, however,
this great assault had a
termination, for one of its incidents waa
the death of ('eneral Alontgomery, one of
the noblest soldiers in the army. In 1751)
he had taken part in another attack on
Quebec, aud was njt far from General
Wolfe wheu that hero fell victorious, end
closed Ins eyes with the kuowledge that
his great venture had been successful.
Montgomery died under very similar circumstances, except for the shadow of do
After this disaster Arnold arranged his
forces ao as to prevent any supplies being
received in the city, and the garrison had
to endure great privations. Colonel Maclean shared in all the hardships of his men,
and his own couragj and determination
seemed to inspire every one, Arnold got
tired of the seeming endlessness of the
siege after a while, and commenced active
hostilities, but the Quebec forces were
more than a match for him, aud after several repulses the American soldiers were
withdrawn and Arnold re-crossed the St.
Lawrence. The service of the Highlanders
did not terminate with the saving of Que
bee, however. They were sent on many
minor expeditions, and always acquitted
themselves with honor.
The second battalion of this regiment waa
raised in Nova Scotia, and was drawn together by Major John Small, formerly a
captain the Black Watch. The battalion
consisted of teu companies, and five of
these were sent to join the army of Lord
Cornwtllia, while the others did service in
the Maritime Provinces. Their record waa
also a grand oue. In 1778 the two battalions were formerly designated the 84th
Regiment, when Sir Henry Clinton was appointed colonel of the uuited command, and
they were kept under arms until 1783,
when they were disbanded. The warriora
were again given a chauce to become lairds
in the land they had so
to preserve to tbeir country, and a large
proportion of the first battalion settled in
Ontario, while the second battalion preferred Nova Scotia, aud gathered in the
township of Douglas. The captains got
grants of 3,000 acres of land, subalterns
500, sergeants 200 and privates 100 acres.
They again proved that they were a* good
citizens as aoldiers, and many of the oldest
families in Canada are proud to claim descent from the "Old Eighty-Fourth."
It may be interesting to note tbat tho
Highlanders uniform consisted of their national costume with sporrans of racoon
skiu. They all carried swords, and the officers iu addition were armed with formid
able dirks. Tbe.y were kuown for their
bravery all oior the country. Even the
Indians had wonderful stories to tell of
their prowess, while often the despatches to
the Home Government told how frequently
the Highlanders wero engaged in battle,
and how almost invariably "they drove all
before them" with both regularity and despatch,
The (hrutaher Columbni.
The greatsieel "whaleback" passenger
steamer being built by the American Steel
Barge Company at West Superior, Minn.,
under the superintendence of Capt. Angus
McDougall, brother of Capt. Alexander
McDougall, the famous originator of the
"whaleback" model, has received her first
coat of paint, and is rapidly nearing completion. It is expeoted that the vessel will
be ready to 3ail on the upper lakes as soon as
navigation up there opens. She has been
built expressly for the World's fair trade,
and is capable of carrying between 4,000
and 5,000 passengers at one time.
Great interest is excited by theC'hristo
pher Columbus, not only because of her extraordinary size, but because of her peculiar
model, which, so far as passenger-carrying
is concerned, is really an experiment. Her
dimensions are 362 feet over all, 42 feet
beam, with a depth of24 feet. Her engines
are triple expansion, of 3,1)00 horse-power,
built by Samuel F. Hodge A Co. ; the cylinders are 26 inches, 42 inches and 72 inch as
in diameter respectively, with 42-inch
stroke. There is abittcry of six Scotch
type boilers, each 11 feet.in diameter and
12 feet long over corrugated furnaces. Tho
boilers were built by the Cleveland Shipbuilding company, and are reported to be
models of their kind. The single funnel, or
"smokestack," is nearly 20 feet in diameter and the captain's bridge is well-nigh 90
feet above the water line. It is expected
that the waves will never wash so high.
A feature of the construction is that tbe
hurricane and upper decks are raised upon
irou turrets to such heights that even tbo
heaviest seas will soarcely reach them. The
space between the main and upper decks is
open, as are also the bulwarks, to that a
cross sea will have unimpeded rush right
over the lower deck, instead of pounding
the sides, as is doue with bluff-built ships.
Inside the iron turrets are spiral stairs for
ascending and descending to the dining
rooms and othor compartments in tbe hull,
and the equilibrium of the vessel is so well
arranged that there will lie hardly any roll
ing should she get into the trough of the
"luil'lra Det'ti i��r lunula Eriwartt (reltsr
tint Highlanders, all hi. ��t> -limit
of u�� lei-Men'.
A Chicago special says:���A shadow hat
been cast over the Kngliah military colony
and Tattersall's Sixteenth and State streets,
hy the sudden death of Capt. Edward Wm.
Croker, of the 93rd Highlanders, the adjutant of the tournament. Capt. Croker had
a severe fall from hii horse during the per
formance on Monday evening, causing Internal injuriea from which he died shortly
after midnight May lOtb. Captain
Croker wis the fourih son of the late Cap
tain Edward Croker and Lady Georgina
Croker, of Ballingarry.County Limerick,
wat a cousin of the present Earl of I 'Ian
carty and a nephew of Viscount Monck,
who was Governor-General of Canada tor
six years. He served in the 93rd Highland
ers for seventeen years, during seven of
which he was adjutant of the regiment.
m ���
There has never been a one of sun.
I stroke or hydrophobia in St. Auguttine,
I Florida. TROUT
-.  LAKE
The above town site is now on the market, and lots are being
rapidly bought up by local parties. It is situated at the north end of
Trout Lake, in the famous
which is going to be one of the RICHEST MINING REGIONS in
America. NUMEROUS RICH CLAIMS have been found close to this
town site, which will make it the DISTRIBUTING POINT foi- an
IMMENSE TRACT OP COUNTRY. It is the only level Ian* at the
north end of the lake. The owners intend to expend money on streets
and other improvements in the Spring. The trail from Lardeau City,
on Arrow Lake, to Kootenay Lake, runs through the town site. Por
the NEXT THIRTY DAYS corners will be sold at $150 and insides
Por further particulars apply to
C. E. PERRY & CO.,
at the Head Office, Nelson, B.C., or
Local Agent,


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