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The Kootenay Star Jun 10, 1893

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 VOL. IY-
REVELSTOKE. WEST KOOTENAY, B.C., JUNE 10, 1893.
No. 52.
FOR   SALE.
A pair of gocl working horses, a
nearly-new Bain wagon, two sets of
liarnoss, nnd a flue - toned uprigbt
piano by Williams of Toronto, new
last fall.���Apply to P. R. Peterson,
Kevelstoke.
To the Pcoiilc of Revelstoke,
Do you know that in yonr own
province, and within tbo limits of your
own town, Providence has placod
herbs which, when gathered, dried
ond carefully prepared, produce a
medicine second to nothing iu tho
world as a general tonic, spring medicine, blood purifier; eto.
Ae n spring medicine this preparation is unrivalled, whilo its tonic properties increaso its value tenfold.
It is a suro preventive for infectious
and other diseases, and in this respect
alone is worth its weight in gold.
You will learn more of this medicine later on.
At present it can be obtained at, the
Bevoletoko Pharmacy, and no one
Should be without it.   Price 75c.
Ask for the Kootenay Discovery.
Orders by mail promptly attended lo.
SLOCAN TRADING ABD NAVIGATION
C0,LJMiM
Steamer "W. HUNTEK,"
G. li. Estabrooks, Master.
Until fnrlher notice will leave New
Dekveb Mondays, Wednesdays and Saturdays at 1 p.m. for Head of Lake.
Tuesdays, Thursdays aud Fridays leave
New Denver for Foun Milk City at 6
a.m. Returning, leaves New Dexveh at
7 a.m. for Head of Lake.
Leaves Head of Lake every evening
(Sunday excepted; for New Dexveh ut
5 p.m.
NOTICE
(the Licensing Board will Bit at the
Codrthouse, Revelstoke, on Thursday
dune Ibth, 1893,
Revelstoke, April 20th, 1S03.
NOTICE.
I heroby give notice to the Licensing Board that at ita uext sittiug I
Intend to apply for a lidnse to sell
wines, spirits, beer aud other fermented and intoxicating liquors on the
premises known as toe " Liita View
Hotel,'' Trout Lake Oity, in B*yel-
6toke Division, Kootenay District.
W. 8. PHIPPS.
Revelstoke, May 10th, 1898.
LOCAL NEWS.
Children's White Druses and Aprons
are selling very cheap at H.N.CourHie!''-,.
Sum Bickerton ia desirous of starting
a now temperance society Beoruita
welcomed.
Another consignment of fast-coiorod
Priuts in beautiful patterns just opened
up al H. N. Coursier's.
Judge Walkem aud Chief of Police
Hussey were passengers for Rovelstoko
on otr. Lytton Wednesday.
It is stated that Dun McGillivray has
obtained the contract for constructing
tho Nakusp k Sloean Ruilway.
Mr. T. Lewis will conduct service in
the Presbyterian church to-morrow at
7.30. p.m.; Sabbath-school at 2.30.
J. F. Wardner, tho fortunate mining
man who helped along the Kaslo boom,
arrived here yesterday on str. Lytton.
��� Tom Reid arrived up last night fruni
a trapping expedition, amongst his collection being three large black bear
skins.
Keep the little folk as cool as possible
this weather and ol "the them in one of
thoso nice White Dresses at H. N. Cour-
NOTICE
Is hereby givon, that ui the next
Bitting cf the Licensing Board for the
Revelstoke Division of West Kootenay I intend to apply for a license to
Roll by the glass, or retail, ale, beer,
porter, wine9 and spiritoufl liquors in
the " Lardeau Hotel," et Thomson's
Landing, at the iiead of the Northeast Arm of Upper Arrow Lake.
MALCOLM BEATON.
Thomson's Landing, Muy 6th, 1893
NOTICE
Is hereby given, that at the next
Bitting of the Licensing Court to be
held at Revelstoko we intend to apply
for n license to sell wines, beer and
other fermented or intoxicating liquors
by retail at tho " Miners' Hotel," at
Lardeau, West Kootenay.
A. McRAE,
J. RICHARDSON.
Revelstoke, May lCth, 1898,
NOTICE
Is hereby given, that I intend to
apply, at the next sitting of the Licensing Court to be held at Revelstoke, for a liconso to sell wines, beer
or other fermented or intoxicating
liquors by retail at the " Trout Lake
House," Trout Lako City, in West
Kootenay District
GEORGE BOURKE,
Rovelstoke, May 4th, 1893.
NOTICE
Is hereby given, that I intend to
Apply at tlio uext sitting of the Licensing Court to be hold at Revelstoko for a liconse to sell beer, wine
and spirituous aud fermented liquors
by retail at tho premises known as
" The Senate Hotel," situated in the
town of Rovelstoke.
JOHN BOURKE.
Revelstoke, May 15th, 1893.
Kooteuay Lake
SAW MILL,
Q. O. BUCHANAN, PROP,
LUMBER YARDS AT
NELSON BALKOUR
AINSWORTH KASLO
Large Stocks on hand.
Preparations are being made for the
Grout Building Boom of 1893.
A. McNEIL,
BARBER SHOP k BATHROOMS,
Front Street,
BEVELSTOKIi). B.C'.
sier s.
As �� result j)f the recent hot weuther
(80 deg. in the shade) tho river is again
rising, bnt it will hardly reach last year's
high water mark.
Rev. Mr. Smith will preach in the
Methodist church lo-morrow; morning
at 10.30, eveuing at 7.30. Sunday-school
in the church at 2.30.
Hull Bros, shipped two carloads of
prime beef cattle, from Morley, per str,
Columbia on Tuesday for the Nelson &
Fort Sheppard contractors.
M?. Wm. Gill, of the Inland Revenue
Dop&rtaout. Victoria, spent WednoBiloy
in town making an inspection. He left
for Nelson Thursday morning.
Roman Catholic services will be held
in tho schoolhouse to.morrow morning
at 9.30. Celebration of Mass and sermon by Rev. Fattier Jon. Accorsiue.
A most interesting race will come off
this afternoon bf.tvveen two of our local
Bprinters���Charlie Nelles and Bill Haley
-for HOD a side. Distanco, 100 yirds.
The Rev. F. Tolland will oonduot
Church of England services in the
schoolroom to-morrow. Morning nt 11;
evening at 7.30. Holy Communion at
morning service.
R. Howson is selling Baby Carriages
in rattan, Pictures and Picture Frames
at pricos that are astonishingly cheap.
Call in at tho store and see for yourself.
A second-hand organ, very cheep.
A petition to the Molson's Bank has
been extensively signed by our business
men for the establishment of a brunch
hero. A bank is an actual necessity to
Revelstoke, and it is to be hoped tbe
Molsons direotors will comply with the
petition.
We ure compelled to hold over onr
Nakusp and New Denvor correspondents' letters, tho Public School mouthly
statement, Pro Bono Publico's letter,
and an extract from a speech ou West
Kooteuay mines by Mr. Cannan, Usual
cause���want of room.
In a recent article wo mentioned the
unchuritableness of the Roman Catholics
in absenting themselves from the funeral
of a no-religionist (Louis Mason) because of tho suopioiou of suicide. We
aro asked to stato " that Mr. Mason was
not a Roman Catholic, although be wns
supposed to belong to a Oath olio family,
He was�� man of no belief whatever, aud
had no claim to the last rites of tlio
Church." Still, he was a human being,
aud a burial service of some kind would
bnve bean mure seemly,
Tho townsite uf Lardean seems to have
many detractors, especially among those
who have never seen it, but from a private account by a gentleman who bus no
interest to serve it would appear that
Lardeau is one of the most delighfully
situated townsites iu the district. The
str. Kootenai had uo difficulty in going
up lo tlie wharf iu FibIi Creek, which
runs through thc townsite. lieu W rede's
new hotel, the Lardean, is said to lie lho
finest building in Revelstoko division.
Tho streets aud avenues ai" wide, und
the town most tastefully laid ont,
Mr. T. E. Kitchen M'.P.L'. fur Westminster District, who hus been traveling
through Lower Koolenay, arrived here
on 3tr, Lyttou Wednesday, Mr. Kitchen
is one of the foremost men iu the ranks
of the Opposition iu tho Legislative
Assembly, and is opposed to the misuse
of public money foi the proposed Parliament buildings at Victoria, He is
desirono of enlightening the inhabitants
of this distriot as to thc unfair polio;
pursued bj the Qovernment regarding
redistribution, and is willing to address
a meeting of onr oitizens at toy date
they muy fix upou.
We understand that Hull Bros, having
established a branch business in the
lower country, J. P. Sutherland has
beeu appointed manager.
We havo on our desk the initial number of tbe Canadiau Engineer, a bright
monthly journal of 2ti pages and cover,
devoted to tlm meobanical, mining and
other branches of the engineering trades,
It is thoroughly Canadian in tone, every
article has a practical purpose, nnd it
gives un immei.se amount of Canadian
news of interest to the trades eoneorned.
Its design a;ul ly pographioal appearanoe
are not excelled by any trade papai yet
issued in Ihis conntiy. Published by
thi' Canadian Engineer Co., 62 Ohuroh
(street, Toronto, and the Fraser Building,
Montreal, at il a year.
Hon. Thoo. Davie, Premier of British
Columbia, and Mrs. Davie, arrived np
on str. Columbia oh Monday, having
been attending the assise courts at, Nel
son nud Kasio. Mr. Davie bad written
the editor that he would address a public
meeting iu Revelstoke, but accepting
Mr. Van,Homo's inviiation to take an
eastern trip Mr. and Wrs. Duvio left au
hour afterwards for the Glacier, Banff,
and very likely the World's Fair. Mr.
Davie will be back in about three weeks
aud will give notice in lime to advertise
the meeting. Should lie fail to do this
tho public will put ils owu construction
upon his action. Mr. Duvio was to bave
addressed meetings tt Nelson and Kuslo,
but tbey never came off.
Still another newspaper inWest Kootenay. Tbe Lardo Reporter made its debut in this wild, wooly, western world
last Saturday, and begins right, away to
''pitch into" all and sundry that dure
to cross tho destiny of its birthplace,
tbe especial objects of its wiath beiug
the Nelson jonrnuls, the General Post-
office and the other Lardeau at the hoad
of the Northeast Arm. Go steady, my
child, Tbe other Lardeau won't relinquish its name; that's certuiu. There
is eertuin to be some confusion between
Lardeau ��nd Lardo. Why not adopt
the name of Dennis ? The Reporter,
which is the sixth paper iu Weht Kootenay (aud all alive and kicking), where
a year ago there were only two, makes a
most creditable showing for a town
barely two months old. It hus our best
wishes for a long, progressive career,
Election of School Trustee.
The Annnal School Meeting of this
District will be held on SATURDAY,
June 24th, commencing nl 11 a.m. in the
Schoolhouse, for the purpose of electing
u Trustee in tbe place of Mr, F, Eraser,
whoso term of ollice expires.
H. J. BOURNE,
Secretary.
( Revelstoko, June Gtb, 1893,
TENDERS FOR I UMBER,
Sealed londors for tho supply of from
400,000 to 1,000,000 feet, B.M., PINE
LUMBER, addressed to tho undersigned,
will be reoeived at the ollice of the clerk
of committees up to 8 o'clock p.m. on
Thursday, 22nd June.
The lumber shall bo of sound pino, free
from looso or unsound knots, sawn to even
thickness and without wane.
The sizes required will be 2-iueh plank,
in widths of from din. to Win. and in
lengths of from 12ft, to 18ft.
Also a quantity, not excoeding 10 per
cent, of tho whole, of 3in. plank.
Tenders may be by carload lots delivered P.O.B., Winnipeg, nil subject to
acceptance by City Engineer.
Each tender must be accompanied by
an accepted cheque, made payable to the
order of the City Treasurer, for tbo sum
of $400, whioh will bo forfeited by tho
party wIiobo tender is accepted should ho
fail to enter into a written contract, with
approved sureties,
The lowest or any tender not necessarily accepted,
G. H. WEST,
Chairman Committee on Works,
Winnipeg, May 29th 1893.
A splendid rango of Ladies'Summer
Blouses and Whitewear at E. N. Coursier's.
The'Cheapest Route to Lardeau
Mines.
When the Kaslo Examiner made the
boast that the Lardeau mines and the
Trout Lake district wore tributary to
and most receive their supplies from
Kaslo it bit off o, bigger mouthful than
it oould masticato, From Lardo (oi
Kootenay Lake) to Trout Lake is forty
miles, and the lowest rate for freight be-
W. E. P0ULTCF,
SAYWARD.
has his Hotel in running order, aud if)
prepared to accommodate all-comers
I.N  B1BST CLASS STYLE.
 ��� ....
IN  THE  MATTER OF LOUIS
MASON (DECEASED).
All accounts against ihe estate of Lomfl
Mason, wbo died in Iievelstoke on tbo
22ml of May last, will be received by tbo
undersigned up to the 10th July, 1893.
J. KIRK IT,
Deputy Administrator.
Mr. Van Home at Kevelstoke,
  | tween these points is 5 cents per lb.,
President V��n Horn?, wbc nnd spent j wbioh ia not dear considering tbe dis-
noaiiy a week in Lower Kootenay studying the npn and downs of the oountry
from a railroad magnate's point of view,
arrived back here ou str, Colubmbia at
one o'clock Monday afternoon, He was
ncoompnnied by a party of gentlemen,
among whom was the Hon. Thoo Davie,
who with Mrs. Davie accepted Mr. Van
Home's invitation for a trip. The party
journeyed to the station in Supt. Abbott's
private car, which awaited the steamer's
arrival at the wharf. At the station the
president's private osr was coupled on,
and about three o'clcck tbe short train
of engine and two cars, witb the distinguished party on board, struck off eastward through the nioautains. Our reporter obtained an introduction to Mr.
Van Home, and in tbo course of a ten
minutes' talk introduced one or two
questions of great losul importance :���
Reporter: " What do yon think of the
Kootenay mining country, Mr. Van
Home?''
President; "I'm vory much impress*-
cd witb all I've seen and hoard. I think
thoro is a great future before il."
" Well, its future is to a great extent
in tbe hands of the O.P.R, Will the
Revelstoke k Arrow Lake branoh bo
commenced this year?"
" Ob, yes; it will be commenced
right away. There nro one or two littlo
preliminaries to bo settlod nt Ottawa,
bnt that won't take long,"
"If it is oommenceil tbis month there
will bo about five months of good weather. Do you think it will be completed
thi3 year?"
"That's hard tu say, Wo don't know
what may turn up."
"It is in the winter, when the boats
can't run. tbat communication with the
mining country is most needed. Last
winter we had to sit down and seo tbo
whole lnull! of the country goiug over
tho boundary lino. If wo hud all the*
year*round communication with tbo
mines tho trade would flow into the
Province, instead of going to build up
Spokane,
Tbe President smiled, The remainder
of lhe interview elicited nothing moro of
public importance, but our reporter was
completely captivated by Mr, Van
Horue's genial and kindly uianuer.
Fatal Accident.
Little Tommy Tapping, tbo three-
year-old sou of Mr, Unbelt Tapping,
wbile playing nt the baok of the honm-
yesterday, fell into the pool of wator at
the intake of tho Smelter Company's
pipes an.i was carried over thu dam.
Mr. Tapping was working in the garden
closo by, and hearing nothing of the
child for some time lie went to lho (bun,
and lound tho littlo follow lyin on tbo
rocks below with the water splashing
over bim. Tbe father picked np the boj
and sent for tbo dootor, but consciousness never-returned, Mrs, Tapping is
ill iu bed, having been confined with
unotlier sou lust Saturday, The bereaved
parents huvo the sympathy of tho whole
town in thoir affliction-
taace. The cost from KaBlo to Lardo
nanst bo added on to this, making 5'/i
conle per lb. From Revelstoke to Trout
Lako the cost is 2% cents per lb., a
differenco of 3 cents per lb. or ��60 per
ton. The men camped at the lower end
of Trout Lake find it more profitable to
row thoir boats the whole length of the
lake (20 milos) and get their supplies
from tbe Rovelstoke firm of C. B, Hume
k Co., who havo established n branoh
there, and tho money saved on each boat
load freqnontly amounts to ��10���a dollar
for each mile rowed. And the freighters
from tho N. E. Arm are having a far
more profitable business at 2);'c. per lb.
than the pack trains from Lardo can
ever hope for at 5c. The discerning
publio will not be slow to avail itself of
tho cheapest and quickest route, Time
will show the emptiness of the Examiner's screaming,
Robberies and Rowdyism.
It is high time that a night oonstable
was appointed iu Iievelstoke   Sevoral
robberies have occurred of lato and the
irrepressible hoodlum is again ou tho
rampage,    Two weeks ago McCnrty's
butcher shop was broken into, for tho
third time within n year, nnd somo moat
carried off. Billy Floming cuptiired ono
of three men who were seen hanging
nrour.d tho premises, and the prisoner
wns brought before the magistrates the
following Monday.   As thoro wns somo
doubt of his being the right man ho was
acquitted,   A night or two afterwards
thieves broke into Hull Bros.' slaughter
house and took away a rifle and ammunition, and no clue bus beon obtained of
tho robbers, Tbo same woek some night
prowlers wrenched the look off the door
of a chicken houso on  Front  Street
and carried away four laying bens. Tho
perpetrators aro being shadowed, and
with a littlo moro proof will bn arrested.
Hohveon throe nnd fonr o'clock Thursday morning four hoodlums, wbo bud
spent tbe night in bibulous hilarity,
went to tho  houso  occupied   by tho
Chinese womnu noar the top of Front
Street  (which seem:' to bo tbo favorite
hunting ground ol tho leaders of Iho
gang), and after creating a horriblo din
by beating tin cans, ko., their brute-
ships proceeded to kick in tho door.
While engaged iu tbis manly recreation
the liltle Chinawoman appeared on tho
scone, and they Immediately began to
pelt her wilb empty beer bottles which
lav around.   Fortunately she dodged
most of tbem.   Junt then a big Chinaman with a ulick oamo out, and threo of
tbo valiant crowd took to their heels.
One of tbem, who appeared to bo the
leader, stood bis ground, but the Chinaman did not attack him, thinking discretion the better part of valor.   He
weut for Constable Kirkup, but by lbe
time tbo officer arrived tbo gang had
I skedaddled, no donbt delighted by the
I additional notoriety tbey lmvo aebioved.
The oonstuble declares that he will arrest thom If they attempt anything in
��� tho suuio lin*' Bg81D<
Big Ucud.
Several prospeoting parties havo al-
ready gouo up tbe trail lo Big Rend, on
which the Govemm-ut have hud seven
men employed for tbe cast six weeks,
under Wm. Mackenzie. It is expected
tho work will be completed some time
next week, and prospectors will then be
able to reach thut gold-producing region
under more pleasout conditions tbun for
two or three- years past. It seems rather
strange, considering thu great and growing disparity in the relative value of
gold and silver, thut so many mining meu
are turning their attention to the Bilver
ledges of Lardean aud Slocau in preference to the gold ledges of Big Bend,
Admitting that tbe difficulty iu reaching;
it has been the greatest drawback to tho
opening up i f Big Bend, it canuot bo
denied that one good paying gold mine
would be worth uiauy of our best silver-
lead mines. Moreover, the Big Bend
country is known to be a gold bearing
country, hoih in placer und quartz. Vast
quantities of the precious metal nave
been taken out, bnt a very small poition
of th'' district has been worked for
plucer gold, aud uo attempt was ever
made to utilize the quartz, specimens of
which, taken from McCnllongh Creek,
have assayed as high as ��500 per ton.
The time is close at hand, we believe,
when Big Bend will be the scene of
busy miuing life, when the days of '65
and '66 will be re-enacted aud the auriferous bend of the Colnmbia River be-*
come the Mecca for thousands of gold-*
hunting pilgrims from all quarters of
the g'obe. The scream of the iron horse
will awaken tbe echoes through the
lonely passes o' that untrodden wilder-*
ness, and the railroad, which will have
its starting-point in Rovelstoke, will be
continued on north and west through
Cariboo to the golden Yukon in Alaska.
The world is badly iu need of gold, and
its necessities must be met,
The rush to Big Bend may not this
year be as great as it is to tbe Lardeau
and Sloean, but many prominent mining
meu have expressed their iutentiou of
going up there this summer, among
them Chus. F. Blaokburn of Seattle, J.
H. Anderson of Hamilton, and J. M.
Keliio, M.P.P. W. E. Losee and J. M.
Douglas, of Victoria, left here with three
poekhorses last Saturday week. Bob
Green guided them as far as Carne's
Creek, where they cached their supplies
and Bob brought back the horses. They
told him they were going to "look at
some timber and do a little prospeotiug.''
We understand that all lbe timber limits
in that district have been sold or leased
to a Michigan company, so that the
story of " looking for timber" was
merely a blind. But thereby hangs a
tale whieli smacks strongly of soma
very ancient romanco. It appears that
Messrs Losee and Douglas by Boms
meaue (through an old and recoutly
defunct Indian, it is said) got hold of
tbo information tbat there is a cortain
spot in Big Bend whero the beautiful
yellow uuggcls can bo scooped np by
tho buckciful. Whether they have a
map to guido them nobody knows, as
thoy did their best to pnt everyone off
the scont while hero ; iu fact, they gavo
it ont that tbey were bound for Ibe Lar-
doau. Cerlaio it is, though, that thoy
aro gono to hunt for ibis ildorudo. Tbnt
thoy may bo successful is om' ardent
wish, Ou Tuesday lost John Boyd and
Tom Bain, proBpeotorB well known at
Illeoillowoet, left here with a uaokhorso
well laden with camping outfit. Their
intention is to commence where tho
mineral belt crosses tbo trail from southeast to north-west and prospect right
through the Big Bend country. It is,
therefore, quite probable tbat Revelstoko will bo stortled with tbo news of
some gnat discovery up river beforo
loug, as a Strike of that kiud is bouud
to leak out iu spite nf ull endeavors to
keep it secret. Tbo Dominion Government should huve the river improved so
that Bteamers could run as far up as
Gold S.iearn.
EDWARD LIPSETT,
Sail, Tent ami Awning Maker*.
B0R8E & WAGON OOVHSa,
BA83,  llAM.M"i KB, kOi
WATERPROOF BLANKETS & COVESS
TENTS FOE SALE & TO RENT.
<!!> WATER 8TKEET,
VANOOUVSft,  0,0i A Tiiitii.i.ixo Stout op Chinese Tiieaciirbt
CHAPTER XXIII.
Half an hour after thia we stood upon
the shoro. Chin-chin-wa und 1 hint rowed
the bout to hind so soon us we were ablo ;
ami now, supporting Norris between us,
we strove to hasten to Bonsel's house.
It was, indeed, Blow progression, since
Norris, nnw reassured of safety, anil recalled again to life, could yet, from his weakness, scarcely place foot upon the ground.
It was dark hy tlie time we reached the
settlement.
At length we stood upon the threshold of
lionsol's home. He was dining whon we
arrived, aud happily alone, and his amazement upon seeing us knew no bounds.
From our roeeption, and from his manner, I knew at once lhat wc had done a
grievous wrouir in suspecting, even for a
moment, the honest man.
Bonsel had had no hand in the affair.
Overwhelming us with questions, he placed
his house at our disposal; indeed,  his hos-
overtakeu  us  by
Shan-min-yuen   lint
road.
Chin-ohin-wa reached the quay; but
finding that the captain of the vessel spoken
of by Honsel was dining at the agent's
house, he had followed him thither, and
with much troulile ultimately arranged all
that he had desired.
The affair had not been settled in a moment's space of lime ; for though the tide
was, fortunately, well-nigh full, it was a
somewhat dangerous thing to steam down
the river by moonlight, and, for the rest,
the vessel had its usuul work to do. But
as money conquers all things, so it had conquered now ; and in the end all had been
'��� settled, so that we might start at an early
I hour.
I On the way back to lionsol's, Chin-chin-
j wa met his enemies, and, with great difli-
I cul ty eluding them, had hastened to rejoin
I us, knowing that our safety depended upon
I him.
., ... ],.,-, i^^h      He had been followed,  however, so it
piiahy seemed likely to prove a aenous 800m0d; and atranceiy it chanced thatthe
loss 0 tune. ���   i .    , ,     p       ii        i   t    r
1 end was to be under honsel�� roof, tor 1
Chin-ohin-wa,, however, set this right.
iNcrris had heen placed upou tho sofa, being thoroughly fatigued. Bonsel had handed me my letters, and was questioning us,
when Chin-chin-wa interrupted him.
" Forgive my interrupting you, Mr. Bonsel ; this is the whole ease. Listen without
speaking till I am done. Your Chinese
friend, Shan-min-yuen, is the man who has
held Norris a captive."
House! sUrled hack.
" It can uot he I" he exclaimed.
" In the temple  of Confucius I" continued Chin-chin-wn coldly. ' It is true.   Wi
arc pursued hy him now.   There m
know that for evil or good, the struggle
was near at hand.
I stood up and grasped my revolvers,
calling to Norris to lie still.
"Take that," I said to Chin-chin-wa, holding a revolver toward him ; but he did nol
seem to hear me, and grasped his knife in
his right hand, as he fixed his eyes upon the
<loor, answering mo, briefly :
" Leave him to mo I"
These were his last words ; and he had
but just spoken, and I had scarcely noticed
that Bonsel's face was pale as death with
ust be ' 'ear' w'lon hurried st*P8 outside told us the
no time lost.   Is there an English steamer
in Tientsin'!"
" Ves, one was arriving today ; but it is
hero for several days."
" ll must leave Tientsin with U3 to-night.
Mr. Vanseombe will explain all. I must
hasten to the river. The steamer's crew
must be collected, and we must sail tonight."
Bonsel, I think, understood lhat a crisis
was at hand.
" Shan-min-yuen will come tome," he
said.
" If he does, you must conceal your
guests. You are the Chinaman's friend; he
will believe you. They aro safer in this
house than in any other in Tientsin."
With these words ''hin-ehin-wa hastened
to thc door and left us in the German's
house.
Alone with Bonsel, I rapidly detailed all
that had occurred, Norrii listening eagerly
us 1 spoke. Bonael still seemed to doubt the
truth, for ho oould believe no ill of his
friend. And yet he knew Shan-min-yuen
to be the father of the Confucian priests.
"But tor what cause," he asked at length,
"could Shan-min-yuen, my friend, have
done this'!"'
The answer came unexpectedly from
Norris in a few words, charing al! Iliat hid
been tome a'so a mat ter of doubt.
"1 gavo two false checks'o the mandarin,''
he said. At the words, I'onsel started and
turned pale.
" What is wrong'.''' I uiked hurriedly.
"This,"he answerod, "1 received one
false order Irom Shan-min-yueu, It. was
returned from tho Knglish hunk. I waa
knowing nothing; for the name was other,
wise���not Norris."
"And the second'.' Norris says thero were
two !"   I asked eagerly; "what of It?"
truth.     ^^^_^__^_^__^^^_
The next moment Shan-min-yuen stood
upon the threshold, and those who were
with him crushed behind.
Bonsel instantly stepped forward, and,
as Shan-min-yuen made a step into thc
1*3011), he cried;
" My guests���do not approach I"
It was a bold move, and a moro diplomat-
ci one than I could have believed Ihe Ger-
man capable of, but he had forgotten with
whom he had to deal, and, almost as
he spoke, Shan-min-yuen raised his arm
and buried his knife deep in tho breast of
his defenseless friend.
Bonsel fell back, without a groan, stone
dead���a monument to the utter worthless-
ness'of Chinese friendship, and to the folly
of placing trust iu any one of the Chineso
race.
I raised my revolver instantly, killing
with a couple of shots two of the men who
had pressed forward.
I did not lire at Shan-min-yuen, for Chinch in -wa had said, "leave him to me."
I do not remember having at any time
felt so cool and utiexcited as I was now.
A table was iu front of mo so that I had
a clear advantage. Norris lay upon a sofa
behind.
As the men sprang forward Chtn-ehin-wii
and Shan-min-yuen met in close, conflict,
whilst ray revolver shots did fearful and
immediate work upon the others.
Through the smoke I was yet conscious
of a terrible conflict of two men against
one ; for a second had attacked Chin-ohin-
wa, I seized my knife and hounded forward, tiring with my left hand, as I did so,
my last two shots toward the door. Then
I grappled with the nun who was attacking
Chin-chin-wa.
Ife  turned upon me,  bu
ing in his voice, " you must forgive me ifl
cannot boar to look upon this land again  !'
Thc last moments came, and a sense
of isolation came upon me as hc
took his scat in the sampan that
conveyed him to the shore. Only those
'who have known danger, and faced it
by another's aid", can know what my feel-
iuga were,.' .-.. a purled from Chin-chim-wa.
And as we left the harbor, his last word
came sounding from the l'raya, across thc
unrippled sea ; and my heart re-echoed his
message of ���
" Farewell!''
We stood gazing���with a deep sadness,
holding our sight -at bim, whose tall form
diminished in the distance until wo saw him
no more ; and still we continued, without
speaking, to look upon the receding settlement and the peak of Hong Kong until, in
the falling darkness, all was taken away.
Then, at length, I turned to Norris with
something resembling tears dimming my
sight, ao that* could not clearly see.
" I have written," I said, " much of
what has been. Will yon holp me to complete the tale ? for I would that the world
might know something of the existence of
that great, good man."
And I do not think that Norris answered
me then, but I knew that Ida heart had
framed the answer, " \'es."
Years havo passed since then, yet there
are days in a life-time which never die,
and that on which William Norria and
Herbert Vanseombe left Hong Kong is to
both as one of these.
Twice iu the intervening time Herbert
Vanseombe has visited Hong Kong, thus
keeping his promise to Chin-chin-wa ; and,
even now he is upon the way eastwards for
the third time.
Time had done little to age the strong
man, Chin-ohin-wa, Still he was, as Herbert Vanseombe found, the man of old-
one whose histi-iy was a strange one, with
something of Borrow cast about it. Y'et he
who had carved his own path had never
swerved. There arc but few of us resemble
him in this.
And of William Norris it has been said
tlmt a youthful lave affair drove him from
his home. That ia in the past. Perhaps
thore was a mistake then, I do not Know.
Bnt now who a certain lady, whose
beauty and virtue are famed far and near,
is tempted sometimes to mingle with tho
world, and whei people who do not know
her say to oue another, " Who is that
strange looking man on whose arm the
beauty leans; the man with the whito hair
and wild, strange face?"���there is no proud
cr woman in all England thau she who bears
his name as wife.
[the urn]
had
come upon him
was his' knifo into his throa; as he did so, for
! the advantage in bavin,
i from behind. B
And uow, in the midst of all, a great lull
seemed to have come.    Tiie room was tilled
Pate of the Santa Maria-
One of the explanations the ollicers of
the Santa Maria, Columbus' flagship, havo
had most constantly to make to visitors,
Bays the New York Evening 1'ost, is that
the litile vessel at presont anohorsd in the
North river is not the one Columbus sailed
in, but a copy of it. In detail of constructing and fitting the reproduction is faithfully exact, but is a reproduction merely, for
the original Santa Maria went ashore on a
sandbank off the coast of Hayti or Espafiola,
as Columbus navthW Mils Island, at midnight, on Christmas eve, 1492.
Columbus' own account of the accident
as given by Las Casas, shows that it was
due to neglect of duty on the part of the
pilot, who, the sea being calm and himself
drowsy, intrusted the helm to an inoxpor-
ieuced boy���a direct violation of Columbus'
I ihniU my I orders���and went asleep.   Columbus  and
i the rest of the crew were also sleeping. The
" I am knowing nothing  of it
answer; "it has not come here."
" Yon hive not written toShan-miu-yuen ;
of our visit to Pekin?" I inquired anxiously.
"No !" was his reply,
But, notwithstanding that wo had muoh
to question and investigate, it, was a weary    --���   ��--1    .      ���.,   ,,.,,. i     , ,  .
lime : for' he hours slipped by an 1 Chin. I ah was at au end, save that Shan-min-yuen | vain,    lhe Santa Maria was hard and fast
ship, caught hy a current that the boy was
too green to perceive, Btruok ao gently that
only his shouts of dismay at feeling the
  rudder touch roused the sleepers.
with smoke and the terrible groans of those j    Columbus Wis the first on deck, and did
who still lived; but it se;med as though all that he could to save his ship, but in
chin-wa did not reappear.   Bonsel was of I still struggled with Chin-chin-wa. iaground, and began at once to careen, Co
opinion thai Chin-chin-wa was right ; that     "��� our ��� "''��� ��������� "r 3��ven lay, some living j lumbns took refuge on board  the  Nina,
it this thing was truo, which even yet  lie '        ''"; ' >���   leaped groaning upon the | which lay t
scarcely  believed,  Shan-min-yuen  would   ���'  >r; ar.d if there had been others, these
had takeu flight when they had aeon the
. irr ng ; wer of the weapons held by
���
The   .'..':  twas  reduced to  a fight be-
if wh im had strange-
:   .   -.-. ���  tl eirknives; and though
���> i-i greater than
.   ::..    be remem-
Chin-chin-wa red,  -. ���      , tower to resist   I'here ro-1 them most generously with
���   i housi iw the words ofl    ti-ohin-wa '""" '"'''     m      	
My feeling was that,  till we had       j 1 the sentence of exile
1.     lin, la bung over ,       " iiii
was it I       ca had, til! - len,   you
rait ?        h.id
Shan-min t have followed ; and i! I    That honr had row oome.
no! conic to his : ��� a en nl upon such
a pursuit.and that, shou i,we could
easily be concealed. We had reckoned
without taking into ac i ml tbe strange
eli mces of I tc.
It seemed to me that years    I i
c I since last 1   id   een u       for time is,
in the i lin I, measured b; :
indeed rt i ife ti now     Wcre * :, a;
'���re pass-
���    iw might brui
������   ��� .   '
;
laving tin
ij las
kn iwn that we        I      io
in goa
if J
-
ited a c
1 -orman:
lor mj
I'o mo    seemed
id or two,
ovi powered   lorn,
-   head with his
fore    - ,,   m I
;
I
itreiijj       ilov     wenl
m then   ioi k-
���
��� ''
���
near hy, and at dawn sent the
news of his misfortune ashore to the king
of that region, who had already shown him
aome hospitality. This king, the amiable
and friendly Guacanagari, wept when he
heard of the disaster, and sen' his people
out in their long cauoes to assist the Spaniard;, in saving ber cargos whicli they did
so well that "not as much as an end of
cordage or the point of a needle was lost,"
s-iys Columbus. Morovei, he entertained
feasts and
presents of gold. These amenities, especially the gold and the prospect, of there
being mines uf it near by, decided Columbus to found there an 1 then a colony, and
onl of the wreck of the Santa Maria to
build a fort. Thia hn did, the natives helping him skillfully us before, and called Iho
port La Navidn, because it was on the
morning of tho nativity that he wns stranded and thus led to settlo on this shore,
regarded as a direct interposition
oi IV,. idene i in his behalf,
But the (anta Maris was doomed to com-
pi ������  iesti   tion novel llieloss,   On returning on i mil ��� ���     ��� Columbus fount
Islng Imii ma the ford
hid   beon burned  lo  tho
ground.
In Arizona.
From 1800 until recently Arizona has
heen the favorite resort of bandits and
highway-men. Both Mexicans nnd Americans indulged in the practice, and it is said
that many a snug fortune now belonging
to respected citizens was founded in that
way. But bo that as it may, many a bar
of bullion started from the mines to the
railroad aud failed to reach its destination.
Years afterward the bones of its custodian would be found bleaching in the sand,
but thoy conld tell no tales, and the robbers,
went unknown, unless the sudden rise of
some Btruggling citizen from poverty to affluence directed suspicion, in which case
the matter waa allowel to drop.
One of thc latest and boldest of these
robberies occurred in 1SS8, a littlo way out
from Phoenix, and its result has deterred
the Mexicans from any attempt at ita
repetition.
Thc Vulture mine, the property of Senator
Tabor, was at that time worked by an English syndicate, with a man named Cribble
as superintendent. In taking away thc bullion wi armed guard of live to ten men
usually accompanied it, riding far enough
ahead and behind to prevent tlicir all boing
killed by a single fire from ambush. One
morning in August of 1888, Qribble wi th ono
companion in ihe buggy, started to Plnr-nix
with 42 pounds of gold bullion. His guard
consisted of two men on horseback, who
wero supposed to ride one 200 yards in
advance and the other '200 yards to the rear,
but it afterwards developed that they were
riding together.
When the cavalcade reached a lonely place
on the desert near Negro Welle the road
made an abrupt turn to the right, and
directly facing tho turn, about ten rods j
j distant, waa a clump of groascwood. From
behind theae bushes a deadly fire was poured
in on them by three Mexicans. They had
selec* 1 thoir to.gets, and Gribble and two
othe., wore killed at the first fire. The
other nnn who waa mounted on a thoroughbred horae, attempted to make his escape,
but the ballets from the Winchesters overtook him, and hc fell dead about ,'i00 yards
distant. Oneof the Mexicans took his horse,
aud, strapping the bullion ou the saddle,
tho three made across the desert toward
Moxico.
Late in tho day the stage from 1'rescott
came by, and the driver, discovering the
bodies, brought tho news into Plnenix. By
daylight next morning a posse, of white men,
with Indian trailers, were on tbe ground
and began the pursuit. Late in thc day
four of them came upon the robbers while
thoy were trying to cut thc piece of bullion
to divide it, they evidently wishing to
separate. They showed light, and the
whites returned to Vulture tor rc-cnforcc-
mcntB, and, going back as rapidly as possible
found the robbers had separated, and two
of the trails were lost in the mail pass of
the Eagle Tail Mountains. Pressing on the
trail of tho other they reached the Gila on
the evening of the next day. Here they
found the. fugitive's horse mired in the
quicksand, wiih a leg broken, his rider
having taken his blankets and the bullion,
whicli he still had in bis possession, and
started down the rivor on foot. He had
ridden the horse more than 100 miles without food or water, and in trying to rush
him across tho river, whicli was swollen, ho
had bocomo mired, and in a frantic effort
to free himself had broken his leg.
The pnrsuora shot him and followed the
bank nf the river to a ferry a few miles below, where Gov. Powers had some Mexicans at work on a boat. Hiding up to the
fence thoy asked him if hc had seen such a
man, describing the one they wanted. Bo-
fore P owera could reply the Mexican who
was Bitting on hia blanket in the shade of
the house and within hearing of the conversation, started to run up the hill and toward the brush. The white mon began
shooting, and ho fell dead. He had come
to the house on foot a few hours before,
and hat obtained permission to rest there
uutil Ihey had repaired the boat so they
could put him across the river. In his roll
of blankets they fouud the piece of bullion,
with Cribble's blood dried upon it. The
thieves had tried to out it in two but had
failed, and they had separated, the leader,
doubtless, having given the other two the
slip.
The dead robber waa found to bc Yuocintc
Vnlenzucla, a trusted Mexican omployed at
the mine. The other two robbers were
never discovered, nor were tbe citizens
over able to even fasten suspicion on any
one.
Uuclaime.l Deposits in Scotland-
forgot t
Date-
���: I     i
. ter me,   -
	
Why
plol
to face; l
when all wn do
I wai to
I No       i ���
-
���   ���
M      iht wan ���  .
II alike
to the pro
-..   ,-..,". .'���,,.--.,'.
i hn did io :
" Quick I ��� n i     ierfl     I
must havo roan     I .    i��
i el ,en he hasti ���      I vn. I
bim and vheu I left tV.iir town
���'���'���' | but wo are tracked dn ,, n tome,
Tbi   ��� .    ho    iad hap] ������ ie I, ii  I learn-
o! in thi afte     ��� B,   I Iiii ���
leaving us, proco tothoqiia*
On tin  fay I * h id mi     i I passcil aie ol
-!im-min ��� ueti   men,   From   ii
that tl     .. uny 111 "dreads in 11
Ho had thought thodisi every a foi
one, for ho beliovod th il hc was nnobsi
od : bul  o this ho was wrong, for the man
mud  immediately have ha3tonnd   to his
i laster lo Inform bim of oui arrival In Tientsin, lu I In 'ni" ofraany, in ill probability. |
ii ��� up ui tho watch-.
���
(aides
i ,. ,
Ito I
!
���
f hud bid iant*ha I
for thi as I had
���    ���
"Ci i f with is to wi
I. ���  ���   ��� I ul done he
rn     " No," li    -I'd,   md
ifagi       inrro v in h      - !
I i       Rngland   ia nol   for m - ;
mi i, i   you wl m   to   ��� ��� im in tho
after yean,   My homo Is II is |
.- o   say ?"
And I promiiod  him,   earnestly, lhat I
-   ���!���
���������:i*^^^^^^^^^^
ime down    r tli baptizis HI -1
Ougbtei   to be   ihamod o
:        H lose days   in   \.
cr,   I il    '.. ml he
,   ini '��� ���������: il I i'l yer oni ��� down
i
rom   tor do [ail yard li r
���      |j
i, In- wu/.s ; tei
i    facl  ivo il I
II '"���' ilo i	
i I ..     ,     .    ���   .     |    ,|l,  I      llll     ���
I     I
iln j i   i i-i iv   my   foro ho
Irap    I?
HI      Ollti  I,"
" ti ���,  ���
��� ,      oi it il ro '������ I ion, tin
man
bap-
day,
I "Contain' (hi i.i in
mm Jon ohentod i o outon dis
,' rill think rial I ;; i i'l hah do re ip ick
foi -I i'i ' i Icr o' initio, i il ow, I 'spine t��r
na i ��� p'i - a wid lich er po' teoolcckabun,
[Aril in'a ,v Truvulor.
Fifty millions sterling are supposed to be
i lying at this moment in tho hands of banks
1 and banking companies in Scotland in thc
shape of unclaimed deposits. Such is tho estimate of thc Convention of Royal aud Parliamentary Burghs of Scotland, representing,
as thev remind ns, the collective opinion of
more than hall of the Scottish people. Perhaps nothing less in the way of authority
would serve to convince the worid thai
Scotsmen aro ho indifferent to the cash thut
belongs to thom. The Convention has presented to Parliament * petition in favour of
a measure making il compulsory on banking
establishments to publish periodically particulars of ail unclaimed money deposits lying
in their possession for a series of years. W ith
a viow to enlist the sympathies of Sir William Hareourt, the petitioner remind usthat
i ho nation hears a proportionate loss on thc
,|;i'y winch would accrue to the Crown upon
righi of succession boing established to unclaimed moneys or securities.
An the Years (ioby-
A young man and a young woman loan
over the front gate! Tbey are lovers. It
i moonlight. Eo is loth to leave, as the
parting Is tho last. Ho is about to go away,
She is reluctant to soo bim d"part. Tbey
swing ou the gate.
'I I'll never forget, you,'' ho says, "and il
death should clniin me my last thought will
I I you,"
" ]'|| be  true  lo you," she sobs.   "I'll
novor see anybody else or love them us long
na I livo,"
They part. Six years Inter he returns,
Ills sweetheart ol formeryoarshad married,
'I bey mi'' at a party. Sho bus changed
greatly. Belweon the danoes the recognition lakes place.
"Lot mo see," she muses, with her fan
hinting atitoo on her pretty bund, "was
ii vou or your brother who was my old
rwecthrart!''
" Beally 1 don't know," he says. "Probably my father."
fiehtin-r Oholera in Antenna-
Hr. J. Tel-ya-fiis, of Kills, In an essay in
the Now Y'ork Medical Record says:���
"The habitat of the cholera bacillus is the
delta of the Ganges,"
This ie nol a faot, It is pore fiction, and
is as misleading as it is stupid. The "cliol-
ora"���-comma bioiUus���is a microscopic
species of minute vegetable mould. It is a
wise provision of nature for the purpose of
arresting the elfluvia resulting from decaying animal or vegetable substanfCB, using
the salts and soluble mineral elements
peculiar lo vegetable growth, as their development may require, and converting tho
whole iuto a harmless vegetable mould.
The claim that cholera is caused by such
mieo-orgaiiiaui, reals upon a mistaken premise, and is sure to mislead tbe public, as
the statements of reputed experts ure liable
to find acceptance lor thr time being, It
ia not contended that cholera docs uot obtain in the unwholesome region mentioned;
but that, it does not emanate from there is
a "pandemic." Persons must be predisposed to it as a result of a mistaken personal
hygiene. There must be some offensive
substance in thc alimentary tract as a predisposing cause ; and an effort to dislodge
the same by vomiting and purging was
called by the medical profession, "cholera"
���the Latin for vile���a bilious attack.
During the dark ages, when no specific
knowledge of the vital operations was extant, thia vomiting and purging accompanied by a general collapse, and followed
bya speedy death, all combined to frighten
the unscientific physicians of those days, asj
well as thc illiterate public.
From tbe standpoint of Dr. Te'.-ya-fiiB,
thero is practically no remedy: as the
draining of the delta of the Ganges is simply impossible. The methods being adopted
by our Boards of Health���of "quarantining"
i ���will bc largely useleo?. It were far better
j for all parties to arrive at conscmna of
opinion and place special officials at each
of tiie Kuropean ports from which emigrants for America will embark, aud subject them to a purifying process by a rigidly
abstemious dietory for ten or twelve days,
accompanied by daily ablutions, and a
thoroughly purified wardrobe and bedding.
That is the place to quarantine, and such
is lhe way it ought to be done. No medicinal tonics, and no alcoholic liquors should
be permitted, and smoking and chewing
should be limited to once or twice daily
during the quarantine and voyage. If a
bilious habit is at all suspected an emetic
or purgative would remove the accumulated biliary and mucous excreta from the
alimentary tract, and tliua prevent ail attack during the voyage.
Tho medical profession and tho presB,
every whet e, should teach the people the
importance of a purified alimentary tract,
which can onl)' bo obtained by abstemious
i eating and literal water drinking and bathing. This will change tiie quality of the
blood from a heavily-laden bilious one to
a properly purified vital current which
affords the only safety from danger
and death. Such a course of man-
niftimciit may be distasteful to persons who
'live to eat," but it will exempt them from
all danger of fatal results or oven protracted illness. In many instances of au attack,
the dislodgment of the bile, etc., will be
accomplished in an hour or two, and convalescence established thc next day when
the necessary precautions as above are
taken. No delay should be risked ; each
responsible person should see that children
and servants, as well as themselves, and
friends take such precautionary measures
as shall prevent all danger of fatal or even
serious results.
Sir Edwin Arnold's experience has
been amongst this pest in India and
Japan, and hc ridicules the idea of
its boing cither contagious or epidemic.
He Bays : " In India we have it with ns
eveiy day in tho year, and do nol. fear it
in the least. Keep yourself purified and
healthy, and you cannot take it from another person." The Medical world is quite
amused at Sir Edwin's confidence in a
purified, healthy, personal condition as a
preventative measure against thia disease,
though one of our Toronto Medical Journals says of his views; " comiug as he does
trom India and Japan, where the disease
usually attacks the natives. The Europeans enjoy a certain immunity, owing to
their more cleanly habits.'' But surely we
in America can be as cleanly, careful and
healthy as Europeans can in a country
especially opposed to the maintenance of a
high standard ot health for Europeans,
Bul, it is possible that because of the
dangers likely to result from gross carelessness in tho proper care of the body, the
necessary precautions arc taken, and, hence
their "immunity." Dr. Keene, of Baltimore, read a paper hit fall before the
Medical Association of that city, in which he
related an experience in lXS'I. The cholera
was raging at that time in Philadelphia,
and was 'especially bud with the oyster
dredges of " James Island " in Chesapeake
Bay. Careless diotic habits, tobacco,
strong coffee and tea specially predisposed
the dredges to bilious or choleraic attack.
Too much bread is used predisposing to
constipation, and should therefore be substituted by a liberal use of nicely cooked
vegetables. Fruits, animal foods, etc., ure
also used too liberally : porridges, plain
puddings, etc., arc good substitutes.
Isaiah Rydf.ii, M,l).
Japan bus no undertakers.
Greek helmets covered the head, hack of
the neck, ears and nose.
According to the Montreal Witness there
ia a brisk quarrel in the United Slates over
the question who originated lhe World's
Fuir us a celebration of the discovery of
America. It did not originate at all in the
United States, but in Canada. Montreal,
whoso 250th birthday also comes upon this
year, was the first to propose it, and then
New York greedily snatched at the idea,
Montreal did not struggle very hard for her
own, for sho was conscious of aome misgiving as to 'whether sho was big onough and
rich enough to oarry it through. However,
when Chicago, in turn, grabbed the Fair
from iinier the very nose of Now York,
.Montreal felt avenged against the thc. thief,
and when Chicago asked for Montreal's
recommendation of it to Congress as the
proper site for the World's Pair, she had
.Moni real's support. This is the history of
the origin of the Fair and how Chicago oamo
to get it���all through Montieal, If the
origin were aa llimsy as the story then it
Would nave been hotter had the Fair hul
no origin at all, lliaally Obtained in Any Store hy Any-
ajfaty.
WHAT Iii A rniSON?
According to the definition given by the
standard works on the subject a poison is
"any substance which, when introduced in
small quantities into the animal system,
seriously disturbs or destroys the vital
functions." The quantity is afeature of vital
importance in the definition, for so numerous are tho harmful substances which are
included in the daily prescription list of the
druggist that the difference between a medicine and a poison is frequently only a matter of dose. The researches ot the chemists
have also discovered that several of the
most active poisons, when used in doses almost inconceivably small, become valuable
medicines, and some of these, such aa
strychnine and aconite, have bocome recognized remedies. On the other hand many
remedies, commonly beneficial, may become
powerfully poisonous when used in large
doses, and even the most nutritious food,
when taken in excessive quantity, may cause
symptoms that closely resemble those induced by active poisons. The pathway of the
druggist is therefore beset with difficulties
which are not diminished in number or in
gravity by the fact that no restriction whatever isplaced on the sale ofmanycoir, pounds,
like well-known preparations for dostroying
vermin, known to owe. their efficacy to arsenic or other poisons, As a rule, refined
or educated people are the most likely to
resort to the use of poison when resolved on suicide, and such persona can, with
no great difficulty, evade the questioning of
the druggist or invent plausible reasons for
desiring to obtain the coveted drug. People who aie resolved to leave the world can
very easily do so without the aid of the
drug store if they choose, and abo\ e all,
the number of suicides is so small compared
with the total number of persons who purchase drugs with which life might be taken
that even the most careful pharmacist may
sometimes be excused for view! , with a
lenient eye theexcuses tendered, particularly as he knows perfectly well that if he declines to sell, the person desirous ot buying
will be able to procure what he wants in a
drug store, perhaps in the immediate vicinity, where no troublesome questions will be
asked.
l'OISONS HABITUALLY t'SED.
One of the most unfavorable features of
the subject is the habitual ubc of poisonous
drugs by hundreds of persons in every community. In cities like Toronto or Montreal
the slaves of poison perhaps number thousands, a considerable proportion of whom
manage to conceal the fact from even their
nearest friends, for no ono is so cunning in
obtaining, in using or in concealing the use
of a poisonous drug as ita habitual consumer.
Nor should it be forgotten that, by comparison, the evil wrought on the system by intoxicating drinks is trifling. A noxious
drug, habitually used, does its work slowly,
bntwith lightning speed us compared with
whisky, and the habit, once formed, is tenfold harder to break. It may be broken in
the same way as it was begun, but the
cases in which the user has the perseverance necessary to accomplish so difficult a
task are few in number when compared with
roformed drunkards. The nse of opium,
morphine, arsenic or chloral is never the
growth of a day. Begun in infinitesimal
doses to relieve uneasiness or paiu, it soon
becomes necessary to increase the dose in
order to accomplish the desired effect, and
there are peranns in this city who daily
consume thirty or more grains of morpnine.
To break off the habit it is necessary to
reduce the dose as gradually as it was increased. For a few days only twenty-nine
grains, if the dose has boen thirty, must be
taken, then twenty-eight, and so on, little
by little, until the daily allowance has boen
brought down to its originally minute proportions, when it may safely be discontinued. Any other method, particularly with
arsenic and morphine, it is likely to prove
fatal, since an abrupt discontinuance produces all the symptoms of arsenical or morphine poisoning. The same is true, iu a
minor degreo, of several preparations used
for the small ills of life. The use of anti-
pyrene, for example, is habitual to many
persons who have begun its employment as
a remedy for headache. Young "iris iu
the schools have been known to carry
vials of this drug in their pockets and take
it regularly overy day. Used properly, it is
a valuahle panacea ; used habitually, its
discontinuance brings ou (he ailment itwas
originally employed to euro, and abstention
for even a single day will result in a most
violent attack of sick headache, which only
a return to the habitual remedy will allay.
MINERAL l'OISONS,
Tho man who Is determined to shuffle off
this mortal coil noed havo no trouble with
his drnggiat in securing tho necessary
means, for there arc scores of mineral poisons, which any druggist will sell to him
without, tho slightest hesitation and without asking a single question as lo the use he
intends to make of hn purohase, Arsenic,
in tho form of while powder, or of paris
green, or of any ono of a do/on preparations
manufactured for the purpose of killin_f
vermin, ia daily sold in considerable quantities. So also aid thu several salts of copper, the acetates, or Verdogrll, the sulphate
or blue vitriol, cither of which Is deadly
enough to serve tho pucpore of the most
desperate suicide, und both of which sometimes occasion Involuntary poisoning, thi
former by forming In carelessly kept coppei
vessels, the hitter by lho dangerous habit
of phi ling bits of oopper in pick'es in order
to heighten their color. Any on<- of a Jo/en
mercurial remedies, oponly and freely sold
in the form of blue niait, nodomol, blue
ointment, rod ointment uud othor preparations may be laken in deadly doses, to gay
nothing of corrosive sublimate, a mercurial
preparation which, oven in minnto doses,
is ono of the deadliest poisons known, Lead
too, in almost uveiy form, is deadly, as
painters can testify, and nol painters alone
hut many hundreds who have been poison
by drinking water whioh has sioo 1 in le 11
pipes, by eating cmned fruit put up with
cheap lead solder or by working iu :'a iter-
ies whore some of the manufacture ol lea I
are prepared, A great many eye waters
nro as poisonous an ai isnio, since . favorite
element in these proparati mi ia ai - Ial - ol
lend, and an ounce bottle ol I ,,ii ��� , i-e
waters procured in any drug (tore may be
asoortnlnly fatal as the same quantity of
prussloaold, Almost anv of the t,'-. ���
zinc, frequently used in lhe arls and a�� |||.
Illfootailts,   are irrilj.nl poisons, and ' .���  ,
few cents one may purchase a quart bottle
of disinfectant a wine elm full of which
a virulent poison, a comparatively small
dose of which will prove fatal, while phosphorus, found in abundance on the heads
of matches ami in much larger quantities in
various paten; vermin destroyers, is both a
slow and a quick poiso.i. Taken in small
quantities for a considerable period, it
causes a frightful disease of the teeih and
jawbone, causing the former to fall out and
ibe latter to decay and break in pieces;
taken in huge doses, it brings death speedily, though under circumstances of fright
fulagony
VEGETABLE P0130SS.
Among the contents of every drug store
will he found a large number of preparations used in medicine in one way or another
which are rank poisons, and even in minute
doses will prove speedily fatal. Strychnine
is famous as a wolf-killer. In the Western
Stales, where wolves formerly abounded,
It was customary to place a carcass, liberally dosed with strychnine, where these
animals could reach it, and on the following morning wolves would be found lying
on or near their fatal repast, having eaten
and falien down dead. Yet strychnine is a
favorite medicine, and a very noted tonic is
composed of this deadly substance in combination with iron and quinine. A conple
of ounces of this tonic, swallowed at once,
if it did not prove fatal, would at least
cause symptoms so serious as to make the
would-be suicide bitterly regret his haste.
Iodine too, constantly in use and a valuable
remedy, is a poison of fruitful virulence,
and a small quantity swallowed brings on
death, with the utmost suffering. The number of vegetable poisons used in medicine ia
really enormous. They are often called
narcotico-acrid, though their action is by
no means always stupefying, some producing efi'eots aa burning and irritant as the
most acute mineral poison. One of tho
most deadly plants is the digitalis, seen
in almost every garden, Tho entire plant
--roof,   branch,  leaf and flower���is  ex-
..,,,- ..nui.w. uf ill,' All.vaMllllltl ,��!|K.
The creatures of Nature are equipped for
the struggle for existence with a sublime indifference lo the principles of chivalry and
elegance. They kiek, they bite, they hit
below the belt, they nse daggers snd poison;
scores of weak animals owe their safely to
their villainous odor and lhc Abyssinian cave
baboon appals his enimes with a dragonhead, which rather abuses the monkey privilege of homeliness.
Ages ago the gelada, or mane-baboon may
have heen to shilt with the ordinary ugliness of all the dog faced apes, but the
clearing of thc lowland forests obliged him
to retreat further lo the wilderness of the
Sierras, wheic tht struggle for survival
brought bim iu competition with leopards and
vultures, and where the hideousness of his
appearanoe rose '.o a transcendent degree.
The thick snout has become bull-doggish,
turned up at the end, and with the great
canine fangs protruding at every prclimin-
! ary of a grin. The deep-sot eyea are tinged
I wuh red, and under the influence of passion
I glare like lire-balls in the livid face. A
mane like a mantle hangs over the shoulders
aud flanks down Ui tiie knees of the brute
and can be erected iu a way to more than
double its apparent size.
Add a shrill voice and a pair of superhuman fists, and there is aome excuse for
tho superstition of the natives who slick to
thc theory that the goladas are demons
who have taken refuge in the wilderness of
the upper world, but who, every now and
then, are driven back to their sulphurous
home, wheie they remain till the relaxed
vigilance of the gatekeeper offers auothor
opportunity for escape.
OKMIINS OP TUB  Wll.llKBXESS.
According to the hypothesis of the Golfat
Highlanders, the cave-baboons are spies of
the archfiend, who commissions them to
exploit the haunts of men, and recalls them
to loarn the result of their observations.
There is no doubt that great troops of gel
tremely poisonous;  and  yet,  as   used in J adas descend to tho plains to plunder "the
medicine, is  a  valuable  remedy.    When j cornfields of the lowlanders, and often be-
the dose is excessive the result is a markei
depression of the action of the heart,
followed by fainting, coma and loss of life.
An uncertain and dangerous drug, digitalis
is thoroughly reliable as a poison. Belladonna, too, extracted from the deadly nightshade, a common plant, is as rank a poison
as ever was gathered from the fields, and
the  active principle, attopia, is as easily
come as troublesome as an army of Bedouin
marauders, till for reasons best known to
themselves, they retreat to their mountain
stronghold and disappear for months together, so completely, indeed, that a hunting expedition, guided by veteran bcoiHs,
may fail to discover their hiding-place.
The naturalist Hirtzil, who explored the
Abyssinian Alps in the summer of lhfjl, in-
obtained ao the belladonna.   While iodine! clines to the opinion that the periodic raids
and strychnine, digitafis and atropia may of the cave-bahoous are due to an occasion-
be had with little difficulty, opium is harder
to obtaiu, many restrictions being thrown
around its sale as well as that of morphine.
Both, however, as well as chloroform, choral
and others, may bc had with no great difficulty, and the enormous quantities used of
each almost justify the fear expressed somo
al failure of their ligitiinate means of subsistence, the berries and seeds of their highland haunts. They vary that diet with
entremets of insects, undin Btress of circumstances will turn up stones in quest of ants,
but there are years when the general drought
parches the hillsides to the borders of tho
The Prince of Wales is rarely seen ungloved.
Vcr.li, the composer, is the son of an inn
keeper.
Queen Victoria never goes to bed before
midnight,
The Pope dines habitually alone, and on
the plainest food.
In the rock of Gibraltar there are seventy miles of tunnels.
A calf in Lnmberton, Conn,, captures
and eats chickens.
Scientists arc of the opinion that somo
cebergs last for 200 years.
Parchment glued to leather makes a
belting which will not stretch.
Twenty-eight varieties of the lemon gtow
in Italy ; in France, eleven.
Thecolorcd people in the United States
maintain" colleges, 17 academies, and SO
j high schools,
| Ina human body weighing 140 pounds
there are 10"> pounds of liquid and 35
pounds of solid matter.
A Vermont judge has decided that when
a lady discards a lover she must return the
engagement ring.
A brass band furnishes the music for a
Methodist church in Lainsburg, Mich.
Both thc minister aud his wife play in the
band.
A lady in Pulaski County, Vo., has a
brunette ba'jy daughter that she considers
a precious gem ; ao she has named her "Anthracite."
A London schoolboy staggered hia |teacher
with this definition of faith: "It is the
quality by which we are enabled to believe
that which we know is untrue."
Five minutes after receiving her divorce
papers, a woman in Paris, Texas, faced the
same judge with another man and was
promptly married to him,
The trial trip of a "dying machine," in
Brenham, Texas, caused the inventor to
take a tumble from a vast height. He is
likely to be a sick man for months.
Seme Parisian shopkeepers attract spectators to their windows by emitting delightfully scented warm air from openings at the
base of the window frames.
A single red hair is the chief attraction
iu a mosque at Delhi, India. It is carefully kept under glass, and is said to have
been plucked from the mustache of Mahomet.
time ago by a prominent physician that the perpetual snow fields and the hunger-crazed
American people will become a nation of | denizen of the rooks extends his foraging
lunatics. Morphine is more popular than ! trips lo valleys where the horrors of famine
opium, probably on account of its speedier have been mitigated by means of irrigation
and more certain effect. It is the favorite
remedy among ladies for many ailments, and
it is more than hinted that the number of
morphine users among women is on the increase, It is hard to differentiate, that is,
so far as the respective moral qualities of
the two vices arc concerned, between morphine using and whiskey drinking. Wc are
ever prone to " condone the sins we aro inclined to by damuing those we have no
mind to," and it is believed that in the
large cities of this country tlierc are strenuous advocates of temperance, bitter opponents of what they call tho tyranny of King
Alcohol, who do not hesitate to resort to
the use of morphine, not only aa a panacea
for a trifling pain, but as an exhilarant to
enable them to undergo social duties.
1'OISOXINll STATISTICS.
Owing to the lack of proper records in
this country it is impoasible to ascertain bow
large a proportion of deaths arise from intentional or accidental poisoning, but an
article on the subject iu the British Medical
Journal gives some facts in this connection
that are highly significant. From this it
appears that in 1891 the total number
of deaths in England and Wales from
accidental and intentional poisoning was
876, or no fewer than 242 more than in
188ft. "Of that number 541 were accidental, 327 were cases of suicide, and five were
cases of homicide. It is chiefly the cases of
accidental and suicidal poisoning that are
of in let est. There were no fewer than 114
cases due to narcotic poisoning by opium,
laudanum, morphine, chlorodyne, soothing syrup, cordial, paregoric. The poison
that comes uext, in regard to the number
cf deaths, is chloroform, to which sixty-two
deaths are attributed ; the carbolic acid,
as the cause of death in thirty-one cases.
The poisonous alkaloids���aconite, belladonna, cocaine and strychnine���have been
the cause nf nineteen deaths; the mineral
acids of seventeen, arsenic of eight, chloral
ofseven, and oxalic acid of ouly two. Then
there were 128 deaths caused by n number
of miscellaneous poisons. In the twenty-
four cases the nature of the poison was not
ascertained. The number of deaths attrib-
j uled to chloroform is a remarkable feature
of this return, but since the circumstances
, of the cases are not stated it is impossible
iiere to consider them further. The number
of deaths canted bv articles which are not
Statutory poisons is considerable ; carbolic
acid and the mineral acids ure alone responsible for forty-eight deaths by accident,
Great Drought in Italy,
A Borne correspondent telegraphs :���Tiie
drought iu Italy is becoming really serious,
and pr? vers are behig offered up everywhere for rain. For ten weeks past not a
drop c! rain has fallen, and agriculturists
are getting terribly anxious. Nearly all
kin Is of crops are seriously endangered, and
particularly ��� erca'.s and olives. It is
estimated lhat the damage already done to
agriculture by drought amounts to several
millions sterling.
.fi- iirin.li Warship* t.ti in so��-
The day before the British fleet sa.-ed
from New York, the Tribune aaid :���This
is the last day of tiie present stay in American waters that Queen Victoria's men-of-
war will ride at auchor in the quiet Hudson ; and In-day is lhe hist opportunity Ntw
Yorkers will have for an ind' finite time io
visit the British ships. To-morrow at eleven
o'clock the tieet of Britishers will weigh
anchor and put to sea. The "Blake," the
" Magioienne " and the "Tartar" will proceed io Bermuda. The destination of the
" Australia " is in doubt. .*)he wiil either
accompany the other ships to Bermuda or
go directly to Halifax, whither the "Blake,'1
the " Magioienne " and the " Tartar " will
sail after a short Slav in Burmuda. As late
as four o'clock this afternoon, however,
visitors will receive the same cordial welcome on all of the British ships that those
who have already gone out of the boats have
always found there,
It was, perhaps, in expectation of lbe
early departure of the ship, that many visitors chose yesterday to go ul-oard the men-
of-war on iheir tours of inspect! in, As haa
been the case since the sinp began to receive, the "Biake " has caught the crowds.
Anchored as ahe is at the head of thc fleet
and near the New York shore, this beautiful flagship of the British Admiral serves as
a "catch-all" ior the ships that lie below
and beyond her. The crowds on the shoro
all want to go to the "Blake." The boats-
men all call out their prices as so much to
the "Blake." The people who come back
in the launches all proclaim the greatness
of the "Blake." She is the ship ofthe populace. Half a mile further over toward the
New Jersey shore, the "Philadelphia'' ndes
almost deserted. Excursionists passing her
on steamers cheer her flag and sing "America," and now and then a private party
crosses to the "Philadelphia" in one of the
ship'B launches, but the crowd stops at tht
"Blake." Xo steamers, which bring the
greater portion of the visitors to tbe latter
ship, are allowed to come alongside tht
United States men-of-war and thus the)
have comparative peace.
Forces at Spain's Oommand-
Spain's military establishment, on a peace
footing, numbers 100,000, the full war
footiug being 452,00(1 of all arms. Spain's
colonial forces, including colonial militia,
number 230,000.
The navy of Spain is large. To-day she
has 128 s lam vessels, exclusive of
120 s. lam vessels, exclusive of a fine
The Bishop of Liverpool  is one of the torpedo fleet.   Included in the 126 vessels
most stalwart members of the Episcopal are 7 iron-olads of tbe highest class.   The
bench.    He stands over six feet high, and! Spanish navy numbers 22,000 officers and
is, or was, a model of a university alhelete. I men of all ranks.
The Spanish tegulars
A pet mocking bird savod the lives of Mr,
and Mrs. A. M. Cr ustecJ, of Talapoosa,
Fia. Alter midnight, when the inmates wero
asleep, the house look fire, and saon wan all
ablaze. The loud singing of the lin! awoke
husband and wife, and they had just time
to navo themselves by leaping from the
window.
In tha year 1870, Mr. A. ,T. Elmermann,
now a lawyer of Milwaukee, cast a ��10 loaf
(bread 'ipon the waters, and it has just
turned to him in the shape of n legacy of
| 7,000 Ti,- $10 were loaned to F, A.
'.', liter, who wast 'd ihe money to pay his
fare to Si, Loni . A A-.? died the other
i iv at Houstos, V- va-, an 1 io KiniiTinunii
��� i' s'.im tlsA'o named,
At sight of a hyena the Abyssinian peasant
will make a rush for his Bpear; al sight of
a mane-baboon hc will take to his heels and
call his dogs.
Man to man hc might venture lo try conclusions with the very leader of thc four-
handed buahwackere, but experience has
taught him that the geladas travel only in
large troops, and conduct their campaign
wiih (Uugajrous methods of cu-operatiou.
The mane-baboon will enter a lowland
orchard in broad daylight and enjoy his
lunch in tbe presence of yelling children and
yelping curs with the leonine calmness of a
mastiff among a swarm of Skye terriers, but
the moment an armed defender of the despoiled kraal should appear on the scene the
grizzly champions of the bushwhacker brigade will strut to the front, ready to rush
in at a second's notice if the representative of
lawandorder should try todecido thedispnte
at close quarters. A dog in nine cases ont of
ten, would pay an attempt of that sort with
his lite. The fangs of an adult rook-baboon
are three inches long, but he rarely makes
use of them hefore testing the efficiency
of a more formidable weapon. In the
midst of a rough and tumble lirrht a hand
with a grip like that of a blacksmith's
fist will snatch up the dog by the hind legs
and whirl him in a circle till all the bones in
his body crock while the cousins of the four-
handed champion keep up ear-splitting
shrieks of rage and defiance.
RAMON  PANDEMONIUM.
If the simultaneous appearance of several
hunters, with their canine retainers, should
result in a general melee, the pandemonium
of baboon yolls becomes deafening aud ia
often answered by shrieks from the neighboring mountains, and may actually bring
up re-enforcements sufficient to insure the
victory of tho shaggy bandits, But even in
the presence of a decidedly superior foe the
geladas retreat at leisure, and under all circumstances endeavor to cover the retreat of
their youngsters and females. Those non-
combatants scatter to rally in the next
thicket, while lhe sachems strittt oil' slowly,
growling ami whooping, though covered
with wounds, und the pluckiest dog may
well hesitate to tackle an ogre facing about
with a twelve-inch grin, and every now and
then rising on its hind logs to heighten thc
effect of its bristling mane.
On thc plateau of Qobol-Kasscr Professor
llirtzel's dog treed a young cave-baboon
that seemed to have lost its way in trying
to rejoin its relatives, and looked harmless
enough as it clung to the neck ol its captor
and seemed to invoke his piotection against
the rampant hounds, But the moment ils
screams were answored hy whoops from the
contiguous rocks the liltle imp changed its
(actios ami bn und scratched liko a catamount when ii;1 would bc muster tried to
prevent it from jumping to the ground.
"Thero comes the dog."," said thc professor ; " I do wish thoy had never bothered with this little wretch. We can't gel,
rid of him now and he won't stop screeching."
" Let me see lhat kid," said the Abyssinian guide, and grabbing the squealing
youngster by I he nape of tho neck fin tossed
him high up into thc branches of a wayside
treo and then gathered a supply of stones
to rout the dogs, "Now lets hurry oil,"
hc said ; " if we had kept that liltle rascal
he wouldn't have stopped screeching till
he b,ought a m ib of his listy uncles on our
heels, and il would have taken every mine
of our ammunition to keep thom at arm's
length, We i light have killed one or two
ut close range, but when you drop a gelada
a score will pop up In the bushes und
rocks to take I,is place."
Before making u long speech, Mr, Arthur
Balfour takes i couple of eggs beaten up in
a wineglassful of rum.
Marseilles is the headquarters for tlie ;
sale of false hair.    Twenty huge bales of
Chinese human hair recently arrived there,,
and will be manufactured into curls ami
frizzes tor fashionable ladies,
A " Matrimonial alliance" club has been
formed in McDonough, Ga. The object is
to secure desirable husbands aud wives for
its members. The entrance fee is $10, and
all tho money in the treasury is to be given
to the member who first wins a mate.
A waiter at a celebrated gaming house
Bat for years in Parliament in this wise.
He lent money to a "noble" gambler, who
give him security for the loan ou a rotteu
borough which sent a member. The waiter
elected himself to the seat.
Tho Empress of Austria is reputed to be
the best r;yal housekoeper in Europe.
Everything in tho Austrian palace is under
her own personal care. She orders cooka,
butlers, laundrymaids, and iB constantly
invonting something now in cookery.
The King and Queen of Greece live in
very simple style, cheerfully adapting their
expenses to the impecunious plight of the
couutry, aud his Majesty often "boards the
train" when he wants to run down to the
port (the famous Pineus) nt Athens,
Some burglars had entered a bank at
Catawissa, Pa., and wore diligently work-
at the safe, when they were so startled by
tbe loud grunting of a hog that they tied,
leaviug their tools behind,
About a mile from Boise City, Idaho,
there lVa spouting woll of boiling hot water.
It is proposed to conduct the water through
pipes into the houses of tho town, and thus
heat thc dwellings.
Katie Smith is a little eight-year-old
girl, of Chicago, who is without hands.
She resides at Colli Perry avenue. By
means of an artificial hand she writes legibly, and she also writes by holding the pen
iu her mouth.
Au amateur pianist in Cincinnati annoyed
his neighbors by practicing long and loud
on the instrument, at an open window. One
neighbor engaged a hoy to play a hand-organ
near his window all day long, In a week
I he pianist was silenced and he moved away.
Mrs. Geo. Lagonza,of West Hazelton, Pa,
was deserted by her husband, Then her
two-year old child died. As she was without money or friends, Bhe made a shroud of
her own garments and with her own hands
constructed a rude coffin. Generous neighbors heard of hersad plight, and furnished a
pretty casket.
Iu Iceland, that country of gentle and old
fashioned customs, it has always been in
the fashion to present to tho baby, when its
first, tooth appeared, a lamb, to be ils very
own, cured for and tended as no other pet
could be, and never to he parted with,
Queen Victoria, since the beginning of her
rolgu has only signed one death warrant,
whicli wus for an execution in the lslo of
Man, the act passed for relieving her Majesty of signing death warrants hiving, by an
oversight, not included that part of her
Majesty's dominions,
The Duchess of Nowcastle is very fond of
dogs, and lhc kennels ul Clumber House,
N'otls, arc litlcd up with overy luxury.
Closo by it is a cemetery, where the bodies
of her departed canine pels are interrod.
Much grave is marked by a tombstone, upon
which sonic suitable epitaph is written.
Au artesian well, bored in 1120, a' Llllurs,
France, has flowed without cessation foi
7(17 years. One at Airo, In Artels, France,
has flowed steadily for over i century, the
water riling 11 feet above ihu surface, '
the rate of 250 gallons a minute,
lison, the groat inventor. Is hopeful o
in Cuba number
about 12.U00 men. They consist of infantry, engineers, artillery, and cavalry. Included in this number is the famous Guurdia
Civil. Its men are the good conduct men
ofthe Spanish army, who can resd and
write, have put in their full service, and as
a special privilege have been drafted inlo
the Civil guard. They are mounted as
cavalry. They are magnificent horsemen
and sharpshooters. As a body they will
compare favorably with the tlower oi any
European army. Their discipline is perfect,
their valor known, and they are loyal to
the core.
In times of peace they constitute a small
army of observation. They are to be found
all over the island in companies, detachments and here and there are squads in
command of a sergeant. Witn them and
hy them Spain controls the island. The
loyalty or disaffection of any individual or
locality is known. It is apart of the duty
of the men to know the exact leanings of
every man iu their immediate vicinity.
They have a dual function. They are partly civil and partly military.
In times of insurrection they are simpiy
invaluable for police or fighting purposes.
They are fighters whose sole duty begins
and ends in maintaining Spaiu's supremacy
and honor.
The Cubans are divided among t benwelves,
the Santiago de Cuba end of the island he-
iii<- the favorite habitant of the Autonomia-
tas,while the loyal Cubans are found in the
centre of the island, toward Havana and
beyond. Tiie Cuban who is loyal to Spain
has a profound contempt for the Alltoni
mistaa.
being able to generate electricity direotlj
from heat, and thus dispense with the
itoam engine and dynamo now used foi
produolug eleotrio power, If this plan be
ai icossful, ll is likely that a simple piece nt
inochanism placed over the kitchen chimney
will supply eli'i'tric lights to every room in
an ordinary resilience.
AT Tfl�� LONDON Z00-
Hoar Ibe Friuale Tisjer salute, tbe  Ilanpj
Morn.
In the early morning hours, when theii
" sitting rooms" have been duly swept and
strewn with fresh sawdust, and their toile'
���whicli is always completed in their sleep
ing chambers���is finished, the iron doori
ure opened, and '.he owners of the different
cages come leisurely out to greet the day,
each iu its humor us the night's sleep o:
natural temper dictates. On the last occasion on which the writer wated on the
tigers'levee it was evident that some disagreement had marked I hemoi ning hours, The
tigress from Hyderabad came out with a
rush and greeted the world with a most forbidding giowl. She then stood erect, like
a disturbed cat, iwitching her tail to and
fro, and after examining every corner of the
cage summoned her male with a discontented roar. The tiger then stalked out and
endeavored to soothe his partner with some
coininonplae-'ciress, whioh apparently soothed her milled nerves, for after sharpening
her claws upon tho flour she Lav down, and
rolling over on her back, wiih paws folded
on her breast and mouth half open, went
most content! Ily to sleep. The ptir of
tiger cubs in the next oage were still sleeping ihe long sleep oi youth, one makings
pillow of ihe other's shouldor, Tigers, It
may be observed, do not sloes like jats,
but resemble in all their tttituaesof repose
tiie luxurious langu ir of some petted house
dog, constantly rolling over ou their backs
and sticking up their paws, with hea ll upon
one side and eye: half opened.���{Spectator,
It t ikes seventy men to make a knife.
l. e horses is sometimes cured by
jiving them the opportunity te swim. In
swimming the same muscles are exercised
as in trotting, bnt without pain to foet or
legcr.
Most people do not know a plant hai
lungs, but it has, and its lungs are in Ita
leaves,   Examined through  a high-power
nion . ivery leaf will show thousand!
upon thousands of openings, infinitely
small, of course, but each provided with
jps, whi ih, :n i my sp�� Its, are continuala
ly opeul .��� and closing. C!]c ftootenay 5tar
SATURDAY, JUNE 10,18113.
A Mr. Atlierton, on Behalf of "The
Rovelstoke 1 Intel Co.," will apply fur
a license at the nit ling of the Licensing
Board next Thursday, The company
promise to build a three-storey hotel
ut the station if they are granted a
license���to carry on business in tho
old library block while the Raid three-
Storey hotel is in course of erection.
But will the company's bona fides
bear investigation f Have they ordered the lumber for the building?
Have tbey chosen a site for it? What
gnarautee do they offer that when the
Snmmer is over and the hotel harvest
is past they will not skip out with tho
fnouey they have made, to pop up
again noxt spring iu some othor town
and under n uew nanio endeavor to
"carry on the same old game." Rutting aside all this, however, we would
draw attention to the fact that thu
six hotels iu the town have had an
extremely dull winter, and if there is
" a good time coming " in hotel matters thiy ought to bo protected from
the incursions of such irresponsible
newcomers as "Tlie Revelstofee Hotel
Company."
IVkst Kootenay is booming, nnd
fill tho towns are participating in tho
boom. Revelstoke sees a lot of new
laces every day. Some stop a day or
two, others a week, but their destination is further on. The immense
deposits of silver, lead, aud copper
bres now beiug unearthed in West
Kootenay are beginuiug to attract
tnining men of all classes from the
United States, Eastern Oanada, England und elsewhere, and the towns
are full of meu who will shortly scatter to the mountains in quest of now
discoveries. Experts who have examined onr silver ledges declare that
tin 3iich rich miuing district has ever
been oponod up on this continent. In
consequence the country is alive, and
every train aud boat is crowded with
new arrivals. Scarcely four years ago
Revelstoke was the only town in West
Kooteuay. Now there are no less
than 15 townsites, ami more cropping
up every day. Theso infant towns
are growing, too. Somo of them have
every prospect of becomiug cities of
considerable magnitude. A great
future is assured for Trout Lake
City, right in the heart of the Lar-
��J*����* minimi action, M*J Iwaotfltolty
situated on the most picturesque lake
in the district. It will be oue of
the largest mining centres in Canada.
Nakusp, from its grand situation on
Upper Arrow Lake, is bound to become a fashionable watering - place
nud summer resort for the wealthy
mining communities inland. From
its proximity to the best tuiu&s in the
Sloean, Nakusp will Iw the site for
smelting and refining works, being,
fiB 't is, tbe shipping port for Eastern
Sloottn, Ln.-'dsau is already peopled
by the imA eu.**rf*etie population that
could pot*...:1)' W Bot f8eth<-f'   ��
already boasts of so ^>d to, build-
��, liijo m Greek
mgs, n ferry aotoet.l ''**     ��� hi
deep-water whiuf off '^e
Having the right of wn; to     ��� ,., ,
the richest mines in the L.'ii!-'0'''    '   ,
those ou Fish Creek, her destiny is
the brightest.   New Denver is so*-'1'-
The high price of lots thore gives .an
idea ol that.   Silverton (.Fniir Mile j
City j has made wonderful progress, j
Ainsworth is regaining some of her
loBt prestige, ami Lardo is rapidly ;
forging ahead.   Some of these will I
hiuko a noise in the world at uo very j
distant date.    Of the older towns
Nelson has recovered from the effa Is
of hst year's boom aud is now ott a
healthier footing than ever.    A four- ;
year-old ^own that can support two i
good newspapers must, be tread
the t'.wa to prosperity.   Kaslo, where
a little over a year ago there was only
oue Loose, has about 2,000 population, but the majority of these are
aliens, having no permanent, interest.
in the oountry, and when they withdraw it is to be feared the bottom of
the u,wn will fall out.   Nelson com- j
' '-nranly with Kaslo in this
pares ia, ' ~"fl huve banking
respect.   Both to- * i* . ���
facilities, Bohools, churches, ..
ht trade, good hotels and fine business
Maces. And Kevelstoke? Well,the
pioneet town of the district is not by
ariy means "about to be wiped off the
face- of the map." The Canadian
m-vwav la, tho tjlocan and Lardeau
nlVa ledg a the sentra I ;uardmg
Big Bend gold, and the dk-. ibntin
beDtre tor the whole of W"-   I*-1
an< I a
H.E. Arm.
Borne of
ESTaBUSHEP U177.
Ji.iffiMMCG.
-MAIN HOUSE,
200 to 212 FIRST AVE. NORTH,
l"S��i'.:l.iUf:J liLlv7|  I'iUA.i
proprietors op viaa
ttain-QeapoiSs
SSaes*iskin
Exporters of   Tannery.
FINE NORTHERN FURS.
LiEALfcRS JtNn Ev^OFITEr-IS,
BRANCHaai COUUTRY AND PACKER
Greoii Salted HIDES,
CHICAGO, ILL ST. LOUIS, MB,
1374139Suit 8. 801ft 303B.Malii8t.
HELENA, MONT.
Calfskins, Drj Hides,
Pells, Furs, Wool,
fallow, Grease, Deerskins,
Ginseng & S.-'toa Hoot.
REFERENCES BY PERMISSION.
Sbouh-ty Bank or MlNN.jMlNHSAPOLIfi, Minn.
Ft. DeaRDOi.a- MaT.BanK, Chioaqo. III.
MouTaNA Nai ion al BaNK, Helen, , Mont.
F-ihot National Hank, Great Palls, Mont.
F-'iiisT National Tank. *jpOKamF-:.��,W.BH.
Nat. BankopOoiv.merl-t.St. toij,9,      Mo.
Liberal Albania's Made nn Shipments Apainst
Original Elili of Lading.
Shipments Solicited.   Writs far Circulars.
Shippers from IhtB Btiitu Corrw>ponil witli aud ('on-
���airti ty blLuueapotlB House.
T. L.
NOTARY PUBLIC
HAIG,
REVELSTOKE, B, C.
lining and Real Estate Broker and General
Commission Agent
FIRE. LIFE & ACCIDENT INSURANCE.
REPRESENTATIVE OF THE KOOTENAY SMELTING AND
TRADING SYNDICATE.
agent for TROUT LAKE CITY, KASLO CITY, NAKUSP * OTHSB
TUWNS1TE8.
* I
l
LARDEAU
���
Is situated at the lieail of the North-East Arm of Upper
Arrow Luke, it is the easiest point iiom which to enter the
remarkably rich miues of the Lardeau and Fish Creek Districts. It will have the advantage of both rail aud steamboat lines. The C.P.R. will begin the bnildiug of a line from
Revelstoke to theN.E. Arm of Arrow Lake as soon as tlie
weather will permit. LARDEAU is at tho head of naviga-
tiou ou this Arm, and will be the terminus of1 steamers and
that of thc Lardeau & Kootenay Railway. There- is uo
question that the Rich Miuiug Districts which are tributary
to LARDEAU will attract thousands of Prospectors and
Capitalists during the present season, and that a large town
Will grow up at lhat peiiut. Thc history e>f Kaslo will be
repeated at LARDEAU this year, anil investors iu Kootenay
property should study the situation. Kaslo, in man*.' instances, lias already repaid from 500 to 1,000 per cent, to
investors.   ^_	
The Wisdom of an investment in LARDEAU is
without question.
For further particulars, prices anil terms, apply to any of the nnder-
sigued.
ROBERT IRVING, Trustee, Broad Street, Victoria.
HENRY CROFT, Colonist Building, Government Street, Victoria.
��� **OUGLAS & CO., 139 Cordova Street, Vancoaver.
>;S". RICHARDSON at CO., ol Jameson Building, Spokane.
KE, P.L.S., KAMLOOPS.
i..   DOUGLAS, Resident Agent, Lardeau.
GAi
\l. Ba   *���
DAVID
Ttrmmmme*..^ fctvA-taernrazn
��� L ]   ���'���'      \   '
Iti'. --aaaV^Aaaia��Va*.iififa�� aafciflk-ai- ��� '���
lli   Rl - OKETIME TABLE,   I
Atlantic Express, arrives  4.20 dai7T.
Pacifii 21.80   ""   '
ipesl abli   and wife
Soientifta American
Aflctic-y foi'
^P.&M^LLL4
��� ���������A'-: '
-  ���y</"l o v**fi~
*yhx.My
rf      "ABLW    CrtVEflT9,
Vfev   N^  T-aoe MARKS,
'* *2*!L��- Ct-ICN PATEl,T3,
'{> v ."Jii-JHTS,   oto.
*a        ttt.H wrildto
PH.
i ro
tlm
ironl    -    Piml,   i,,rir,f'*!:llltu"1 ?".'/"     '������ iMwyonir,
rfoi ton     ,,,'    . ' ,   i. roi .-��������� i mijhtbefo
B I    55 1   510 lower than anv other   ����� '    "' '..'-.- I     * ''������""
Of.    ���-���< ���.'     r* a   v>*
ffKattti* |�� *
'  ohai
ted ' olonisl  Cars, iii
rt| "i tmmgm holdin, ,      ���"   - - ���
,,n nil   Enropead
LV
Rntcfl    Qm'ak <��������*
ncpr.iii'i'ln thn
inl llliti it
[beWitJi.jiit II       ''    /.'..*:':Y
..i.-Zt,,,,..    t    ��� ���.....,     '
.���  . ..,! . I   i.    ..  No* ''���'���"���I"-
���""   ��� iW ti    i ��� '���':,:'7 ,
Do yon Write for the Pap^s?
note
tmv Berelstoke hut      ��� -"   ';1; ;;'
hor tiiifk-   The co      iii '    '���'��� li-1"
ban benofit from these  rich i
eoonUdw onW thwogh Kevefeti
and tbe gi tet part ol West i	
duvV iviuii u in -" ��nih Vim' "���' *
H-.ui Ui- .��".���.'. "r '''��' l,r,-'"',('' ''v'"'
tiinu' ihe r\'i..~<i' why
, ��� 0.    4    H,
HuaH it' i ��� ������ ��� -i- '������'���r'-' S,0iY��Ko and BALLS
Tiik Uab ���-������ mm-umi wits na
Lowest Hat
Low  Freight
patch    Mercbanl   will save i
by ba-riug """'':    ��nted via      ,, ;,,u fio. you (-houiii have; THF
tn''1 f..-r>)'*��,ri  OF   JOURNALISM,
l-i:   - -" l,rf.,r,:,o���,l,nW.U,.
by applying to
RO.Mol   rlHOWJf,
Aw.\.Ge ''
Ag't aV R Dqwi
Q
9,
lAAtdul^.
' ���M.illilil'ii��oM.lii'iI'-l'1;'":
Iho iii'cuni
,.f lliv liOJl
titite-red lor.
(TBI I    '��� ' "     IBPICIj*    '
\l\y. El ��� DKE* B��C
.-..-   in I '-   -nl Wrllen.
PRICE, 60 CENTS.
��� -,       .      ������; 1   rare*, nt
ALLAN   FOR MAN,
I   ,��� ��� . ', Ui't VORK, N. Y.
.     ,   ....        nil ,' ni '-vill riv
] ���        ih lift fremtng,
6. TKRKYBKK.K1.
EMUKAL BLACKSMITH
REV! 1 SI QUE,
1   .,   ,1 i/joNS, Etp,
1 .,.1-,.) ,1;  k \,v\x\At;x\.
Fresh Groceries,
MINERS' SUPPLIES,
Camping Outfits. Glothin^,
GEHTS' FUEHISHIEGS, BOOTS & SHOES,
Q0' %icy Goods and
ery
1
Ja.
AT
H. N. COURSIER'S;
GENERAL MERCHANTS;
Revelstoke, New Denver
and Nakusp.
DEALERS    IN
DRY GOODS, PROVISIONS,
SUPPLIES,
SfOTlSa HMil'MIr
Harness,
BOOTS km SHOES.
FLOUR, OATS, SHORTS AND ALL RINDS OF FEED.
DOORS, WINDOWS, BLINDS, PAINTS, OILS, VARNISHES,
WALL PAPER,  Etc.
Giant Powder kept iu stock at New Denver and
Nakusp.
Messrs. C. B. Hume & Co.,
Revelstoke Station,
GROCERIES
PROVISIONS
BOOTS & SHOES
FLOUR HARDWARE
FEED & OATS CLOTHING
AMMUNITION MINERS' TOOLS
Consignment of Butter and Eggs received every week.
Our store at, Trout Lake Citv is stocled with
verytMng required by
rs and Prospectors.
Furniture & Undertaking.
R.  HOWSON,
Has a large Stock ot" Household Furniture, Coffins, Caskets,,
Shrouds &c.
REVELSTOKE,    B.C. HEALTH.
Disea3i*3 Not Dae to Miorobn-
Tin; miorobio origin of'infeotious diseases
was one of the grea.te.-it discoveries in medi-
onl history. It has largely revolutionized
medical aoienoe.
There was a further advance when it waa
proved that the harm done by ihe microbes
waa not direct, but due to a violent poiaon
they produced, somewhat analogous to the
Uvea. Minute allowances of butter are
served out to those who would gladly consume five times the quantity. Where ihe
Iiousp income makes thia a matter of necessity there ia little more to he said than that
it is often a costly economy. Enfeebled
health may easily entail a far heavier expense than a more libera! breakfast would
have done.
Cod liver oil costs more than butter, and
it is, besides,often not resorted to until too
late. Instead of restricting a child's consumption of butter, encourage it.   Let the
poisons normally thrown off by the cells of limit be the power of digestion and the
our tissues ; and these are innocuous so long tendency to biliousness, Most children
us they are duly carried out of the system may he allowed to follow their own inolina-
by the eliminating organs. | tions and will not take more than is good
It was at first thought that tlie discovery ; for them. The butter should be of the best
woul.i cause a revolution in medical prao- and taken oold. Bread, dry toast, biscuits,
tice, and enable physicians to cure patients j potatoes and rice are good vehicles, (,'hil-
with medicines which would destroy the ; dren well supplied with butter feel the cold
parasitic microbes.   What may be done in j less than others and resist the  influenza
this direction is still among the problems ot
the future.
The chief advantages of the discovery are
that it emphasi/.ea the supreme importance
better, They do no: "catch cold" so easily.
In speaking of children, I by uo means intend to e.xclu le other ages, especially
young adults. Grown-up persons, however,
of general -sanitation, and that it may lend | take other animal fats more freely than
to extending the principle of vaccination to ���' most children do, and are, besides, allowed
moat infeotious disease*. But according to j much freer selection as to both quality and
Doctor Troutssart, of Paris,���weijuotefrom quantity. It is not so necessary to raise
the Boston Medical and Surgical Journal,��� [any clamor for reform on their account,
we are in danger of carrying the microbe
pathogeny too far, and of overlooking the
part that belongs to the organism.
He affirms that it will always be impossible toexpliin all pathology by microbes,
and emphasizes the fact that the functions
of the living cells themselves may he perverted or destroyed by other agents than
miiro-organisms, When the functi'ina of
cells are perverted, the exceaaea of secreted
or excreted matter become real poisons,
similar in their effects to those produced by
microbes.
The fact is the cells of the tissues have an
organization and properties similar to those
of the microbe, and when their functions
are diseased become veritabb parasites,
which the organism hastens to eliminate by
the well-known proceaa of inflammation.
Al'. poisons, whatever their origin, must-
be eliminated by the kidneys, the intestine
or ths akin. The fact that the cells and
microbes are so similar in constitution and
properties indicates that it is unsafe to ad-
miuiater remedies that would be effective
against the microbes.
Pastor Kneipp'*. Water-Oare-
Pastor Kneipp, the famous water doctor
from Worrishofen, in Bavaria, the modern
place of pilgrimage of the water enthusiasts
of all countries, is now in Berlin, lecturing
to his followers on the wonderful effect of
hia water-cures. Says a Berlin letter to the
London Daily Newa: Nearly two thousand persons assembled to hear from Father
Kneipp's own lips the mysteries of his system. Pastor Kneipp makes a very sympathetic impression. Hin long black cassock
covers a medium-sized strong body, on
which rests an energetic head. Although
his hair is rather gray his bushy eyebrows
are deep black. Prom the way he holds
himselfand hia lively movements, uobody
would take Pastor Kneipp to be 72 years of
age. He is a wandering advertisement for
his doctrine, to which, as he says, he owes
hia life and strength, and which he has
lived up to since 1842,
He aaid that what could not be cured
with water was altogether incurable,
Water was tho panacea for all these evils.
A good remedy must he everywhere easily
available, especially to tlie poor. It must
be able to be borne, ami suited to the different complaints. Herr Kneipp comes to the
conclusion that hydropathy, and especially
hia method, unites all these advantages. He
insisted that he waa not a medical man.
He had never read a medical work. He
himself had been given up as incurable
forty-seven yeara ago. He had cured himself with water, and his love for his neighbor had iod him to apply the same cure to
his fellow men. And good results had
proved that his method was the only right
one. Finally, Pastor Kniepp pleaded for
the use of simple food and clothes, aa these
things, combined witli the use of water,
would produce a healthy human race. For
Pastor Kueippbydropathy is the alone saving
principle which can be applied everywhere.
As one wants nothing but a bath, a watering can, two rough towels, aud water, one
can apply it at home and in the hospital.
It coats nothing and needs no line building,
"In my old wash-house," he said, "I recently treated a minister and a general from
Munich, and both would rather remain in
the old washhouse than in the neiv bathhouse."
Look to The Diet.
The cholera increases in Russia and else
where as the weather grows warmer, and
we must be prepared for it in this country
as the hot season approaches. We must
look to our diet aa never before, for in the
face of every dread disease we must consider
as all important the diet, sponging, the
bath and similar hygieuicmeasures. One of
the truest things about medicine to-day is
that we have less medication and more of
proper diet and surroundings. Put the
patient in the most favorable condition to
resist disease and it is better than taking
drugs. The truly scientific advances of
medicine are based upon this. Medication
comes in vogue as a fad or fashion, but diet
and sanitary surroundings are always the
aame. Science has stamped out of existence
by hygiene the dreaded plagues that dev-
astated vast populations, and cholera and
yellow fever are prevented from sweeping
across the country by quarantine, sanitary
surroundings and proper diet. Small-pox
uo longer spreads its contagion from one
community to another because vaccinition
has been used as a shield to stop it,
Puerperal fever that formerly threatened
the life and happiness of ao many thousands
of homes, is now prevented by its great
enemy, asepts. Cholera must be fenced in
by quarantine, but everyone can help to
place himself in a favorable condition by
looking well to the diet. Nourishing diet
is essential, and this must not be neglected
lor any mixture that may tempt the palate
more. If our bodies are nourished well
they can resist disease better.
A. S. Atkinson, M. D.
Tomatoes and Oaaoer-
One of the delusions that is prevalent in
many parts of tlie country ia that tomatoea
are the direct causes of cancer, and that
those who eat them are pretty sure to run
the risk of developing cancerous growth at
some time. So fixed is this delusion in
parts of the country that people will not
touch this most healthful of vegetables.
The fact is there is no connection at all
between eating tomatoes aud cancers.
Those who eat plenty of tomatoes are now
more apt to outlive those who do not, for
the vegetable has a direct and beneficial
action upon the stomach and kidneys. Thev
should be eaten whenever poaaible. Recently it was announced that the London
Cancer hospital had forbidden all patients
in it from eating tomatoes, as they were a
predisposingoause to oancer. fn tesponae
to numerous inquiries if them was any
foundation to the rumor the chairman of
the hospital committee, Dr. Mardden, announced officially that " tomatoea neither
predispose to nor excite cancer formation,
nml that they are not injurious to those
suffering from the disease, but on the contrary are a wholesome article of diet particularly an if cooked ' This should be
Btiffiolent to dispel the illusion in this
country too.
Just to Fix the Style ia Her deal.
She waa seated before a long mirror in
one of the largest milinery establishments
in Toronto. Two dainty creations of lace,
straw, aud flower? were balanced on her
finger tips. She was gravely comparing
their merita, while the saleawoman stood
by smiling. And ao her dearest friend
caught sight of her.
"Why, Dora, you here ! Come help me
to decide. How much did you say this
one was ?"
"Only $39.42, awfully cheap," cooed the
saleawoman.
"I'll try it on."
The young lady turned to the glass: her
friend watched her with envious eyes. How
did Flora ever get so much money?
"Lovely !" cried the saleswoman, as siie
turned from the mirror.
"Which do you prefer, Dora?"
"They are both lovelj," said Dora, in a
faint, nothing-to-eat-sini'c-morning  voice.
"And quite reasonable, too," went on
Flora. "Now, if I decide to take this one,
could I have that cluster of flowers moved
just a trifle to the right?"
"Certainly, nothing easTer."
"I'll try on the other before deciding."
Dora could hear no more. She fled to the
elevator. How poor and cheap looked the
hat ahe had put on ao proudly an hour ago,
and she had meant to crush Flora with it!
Two houra later they met on King street,
Dora_glanced at her friend's head.
"Vou had it sent home, I see," ahe said.
"Sent home nothing, gooaie; didn't you
see me wink at you ? Why, I had only 49
cents in my pocketbook all the time, but
my old hat had to be trimmed over. I did
it to gain time to fix the stylee In my head,
I can do it beautifully now. Here's a sale
of imported flowers for 17 cents a bunch ;
let's go in and look at them,"
They went.
BBIEF AND .'NTERESTINf}.
Quakers are aaid ti be unusually long-liv
ed.
Verdi, the composer, is the sou of an innkeeper.
Some species of seaweed grow to the
length of 500 yards.
Spain hu3 fewer daily papers than any
otiier Kuropean country.
A load of two tonscan be readily carried
by a full grown elephant.
" Otiida," the novelist, was born at Bury
St, Edmund'sfifty-tlreo years ago.
Consumption is befevedto be more prevalent in Ireland than'in either England or
Wales.
The Chinese wall ii more than 1,2 0 miles
long, generally over JO feet high and '.'4 feet
thick.
Those who notic* the rapid growth of
their fiuger-nails shoiid be happy, for it is
considered to indicate good health.
Pigeons were employed in the mail service in Bible times. They acted as letter
carriers when Joshua invaded Palestine.
Lilies are raised aaa regular field crop in
the Bermudas. In one of the largest fields
'over 100,000 may he seen in bloom at the
same time.
The venom of the opbra if swallowed is
harmless.
Philadelphia is now to have a college of
undertakers.
Silk hats were first manufactured with
success iu 1830 in France.
According to Andrew Lang, Great Britain
has 100,000 novelists.
The Czar's throne is said to be worth
four times aa much as Queen Victoria's.
Good players of the harp are said to be
the scarcest ot all musical performers.
The great auiesthetic, chloroform, waa discovered by Guthrie, 1831, and was first employed in surgical operations iu 1840.
The best Chinese razors are made of old
horseshoes.
The Pope dines habitually alone, and on
the plainest of food.
I Only 10 per cent, of German schoolboys
are said to go in for athletics.
The Orloff diamond is believed to be responsible for sixty-seven murders.
Light-haired people, as a rule, are longer
lived than the dark-haired.
The total import of palm oil into England is about 50,000 tons, valued at over
��1,000,000.
More tobacco ia used by the Austrians
in proportion to the population than by any
other nation.
Of the total number of ships which annually pass through the Suez Canal nearly
80 per cent, fly the British flag,
A French prince advertises that he desires to sell his title and arms, "the whole
guaranteed by authentic parchments of the
reign of Henry IV,"
Fifty millions sterlingnre aupposed to be
lying at this moment in the hande of banka
aud banking companiea in Scotland in the
shape of unclaimed deposits.
to have been supposed that he waa almoat
as simple aa rich, for he recently received
two letters asking for the modest sum of
50,000 franca in each caae, a refusal to be
followed by his immediate assassination.
Tlie money waa in each instance to be put
in a certain hiding-place aa intimated. The
Prince fulfilled each request, but at a distance the police were on watch disguised
a.3 monks, an.l pounced upon the innocent
ones as anon aa they had aecured the paek-
agea.
Speaking of the good whicli a singer may
unconsciously accomplish by exercise of her
vocal powers, Mme. Antoinette Sterling
said that oue evening at a concert she aang
"Darby aud Joan," and a few daya afterwards she was told by a friend that a
gentleman anl his wife who happened to he
present were so affected by the aong that
they had become reconcile I to cach other
after a quarrel which had made I heir home
wretched for months.
A curious list haa recently been made of
the Kings and Emperors of Europe who
have been overtaken by misfortune. It ap-
peara that 304 have been ousted from their
thrones, 108 have been condemned to death
and executed, twenty-one have committed
suicide, thirty-four are on record 113 having
been placed under restraint in consequence
of having become insane, 123 have been
killed in warfare, twenty-five have been
tortured to death, and 251 haie been
officially declared to have been assassinated, The number of monarchs who are suspected of having been assassinated is infinitely greater. It will be seen fiom this that
the poaaeaaion of a throne ia not without
ita extremely objectionable aud J.isagreeable
featurea.
Tfl�� CAMPANIA'S DBUOfiATIOHS.
A Bright Englishwoman Diet the Work
Which Hies Kvrlinl Ihe Wonder and
Admiration of All.
A quarter of each generation die before
attaining the age of seventeen ; but a man
thirty-two years of age may expect to live
for another thirty-two.
The most powerful and heaviest gun in
the world weighs 135 tons, is 40 feet in
length, aud has a 131-inch bore. Its range
is 11 miles, with a projectile weighing I,-
SOO lb.
The British Oolumbia Trouble.
Ut. Theodore Daviea, the Premier of
British Columbia, proposes to try if sober
argument will not allay the feeling of irritation that has caused the inainlaDders to
talk of secession. He will heard the lion
in its lair by defending the policy of his
Government at the centres of excitement.
If he determines promptly to deal justlv
by all the interests involved, that decision
will accomplish more thin any amount of
talk. Tne postponement of the redistri-
ution cannot now be prevented, but it
should be remedied it the earliest possible
moment. More than that, the people
.should be assured lhal no action will be
taken rcgardini: the Parliament buildings
until a representative House shall have
pronounced upon the scheme. Such concessions as these should preserve the unity
of the province, which is oi more importance than any party victory.
Liberal Use of Butter- *
No dietetic reform would be more conducive to Improve health among children,
and especially to the prevent ion of tuberculosis,than an increase in the consumption
of biiltiir, says.1111'xchanm'. Our children
are trained in take butter with great r.*-
aiiaint,  and are told that 11 ia greedy and I decent,
His Laat Will.
An Irishman, who was pretty well to do
but who had been ill for a long time, thought
he was going to die.
Calling his wife to nil bedside, he said to
her: "Well, me darling, 1 think
leave thee."
" Sure thon, Pat," said she : " aud if you
do, what ahall I do with the money ?'
"aitli,' said he : " bury nie clean
extravagant to eat much oiit, li is regarded as a luxury, and m giving a relish
to bread rather tlm 11 In Itself a moat lm- i
portanl artiole of food. Eu-n to private
families of tho wealthier classes these rules
prevail at table, and at schools, and at
public boarding establishments they 1.. �����;,..
strong reinforcements from economical mo-
III d
wit 1 Ine remainder
Ami what lh 1
.-he ��sked.
" Spend it at leisure," replied Pat,"
" Shall I spend il be 1 ire we bury you, or
whon we are comiug bev i
"No bsilad|"said Pat 1 "spend 11 when
wo re going, for I shan'i .-<��� with you lomiug
back, '
Sir Audrew Clark, M.D., once preacribed
by cable, for a patient in Victoria, British
Columbia. The messages passed between
tlie Loudon doctor and his patient almost
hourly.
Tiie Emperor of China is the supreme
head of his subjects, and is supposd to receive his instructions as to the management
of the vast territory committed to his charge
by decrees from heaven.
Mr. C. H. Wilson, M. P., who has been
fighting the dock unionists at Hull, and his
brother, Mr, Arthur Wilson, are the largest
private shipowners in the world, and two
of the richest men in the country.
The laughing jackass, when warning his
feathered mates that daybreak ia at hand,
uttera a cry reaembling a group of boys
shouting, whooping and laughing in a wild
chorus.
One ot the few women who were privileged to call Mr. Gladstone "William" died
recently near Liverpool in her eighty-
seventh year. She was Mary Ann McKean,
and for more than half a century she was in
the service of the Gladstone family.
The produciug power of thc banana is
forty-four timea as great as that of the
potato. The dried fruit is readily converted
into nutritious flour; it may be also manufactured into sausages ; beer can be made
from it; while the skin can bo turned into
cloth, and the juice made to do service
either aa ink or vinegar,
The tobacco pipe ia never aeen in Spain
in uae among the natives, nor are tobacco
pipes to he purchaaed in any of the shops.
Cigars and cigarettes, manufactured in the
Government factories in Spain, or imported
from Cuba or the Philippines, can alone be
procured, and are universally smoked by
the people.
A postage stamp, equal in value to five
cents, iapaated each week in a little blank
book which every aervant girl in Germatiy
carries. The atamp ia the donation of Iter
mistress, enforced by lau. Should thc girl
get sick, the atamps are redeemed by the
Government, or she may keep them unredeemed until she is old, when the Govern
ment paya their face value.
A curious incident oonneoted with the
Servian army ia the maimer in whicli most
of the regiments carry the big drum. It is
not, as iu most other countries, slung 111
front of the man who plays it, but is placed
upon a small two-wheeled cart drawn by a
I large dog, which has been so trained that it
keeps its place even through the longest
ni going tc j am| m0flt tedious of marches.
A Canadian haa invented a simple and
ingenious device to bc attached to all bottles containing poisona. It consists of a
mechanism fastened tothe bottom nf the bottle, and so arranged that every lime the bottle is lifted or moved it rings a little bell.
With a death's head fur ll"' eye, and a kind
of death rattle for the ear, it seems as if accidents ought to be entirely avoided.
Prince Odescalchi, who lives in Pome, is
renowned for his great wealth, and, be it
added, for hia great generosity,   It seems
For the paat week or so the papers have
had much to say about the beautiful decoration of the new Cunard steamship, the
Campania. The following letter from England will give added interest to the details.
It is not perhaps known in America that
the magnificent uew Cunarder which arrived in New Vork ou Saturday on her
maiden voyage, having made the fastest
initial trip on record, was entirely upholstered, decorated and fitted up by a womau ;
and yet such is the case. Miss Charlotte
Robinson, decorator to the Queen���the
first business woman to receive recognition
from Her Majesty���holds a foremost place
in her line to-day, which was won by no
"fairfield or favor," but by determination, capacity and perseverance, added to
true artistic instincts, and a natural and
highly cultivated gift of design,
It is now eight yeara aince a bright, ambitious, self-confident girl, equipped with
an excellent education, found herself confronted with the problem of earnii g her
own living, or, as she saya, "sitting idle,
living on a little,'' She had received a
thorough training in art, design and
modeling. With characteristic independence she at once determined to strike out
iu a new direction, scorning the well-worn
way of governess or "companion."
In spite ot the ominous shakings of head
and warnings trom her fair.il and friends
she rented aome rooms in her native city of
Manchester, at i'2U0, orSl,000 ayear. She
stocked them with artistic furniture. Some
laughed at her " fad," others held up their
hands in horror at her for not hiding her
identity, but boldly putting her name on
her door, and she was reproached by all for
the " degradation of serving in her own
shop." There ensued many daya of trial
and diacouragement ; when no salea were
made, when atock accumulated and became
out of date " ou her handa, and when
THE NARONIO'S JAIL BIED3-
Escaped Convict* Sank wiih the lll-Fale-4
������iiip
It has just come to light that among the
unfortunates who went to a watery ;-rave
on the ill-fated White Star freighter Naronic, which his never been heard from aince
ahe sailed from Liverpool three months ago,
weie several criminals and jail-birds. Some
were convicts who had broken jail. It is a
common practice among criminals who want
to keep cut of reach of the police to sail on
freight steamers or cattle boats plying between New Vork and foreign ports. They
go under assumed names and uu oue knows
them. They make a few trips until they
believe it safe to venture ashore when the
ollicer.-, of the law have ceased all efforts to
tind them.
w ���;���:������ r:in S'aroxic LEKT i.ivfp.p > u.
on February 11 there were aboard of her at
least four well-known criminals. Besides
theae, it is now learned that a dozen irmore
of men who used to hang around tiie -at tie
yards in New Vork, were lost on tho NaT-
ion ic.
On the morning of July 8, last year, nine
convict* made I heir escape from Massachusetts State Prison at Charlestowu in 1 more
dining mauiier. The attempt had been
flanned for months before the opportunity
came to carry it out. The ring-leaders were
James M. Bradley, alias " Walter Mait
land,".md " Williams," one of the most
desperate criminals in the land. The men
dug thiough the prison floor to a sewet
which drained the prison. They were led
by Bradley, who waa armed with two revolvers. The aewer.was half full of water,but
the convicts swim a distance of 1,600 feet
to the mouth of the sewer, which opened
into a railroad freight yard. There they
broke into ashed, stole all the cloth s and
overalls belonging to the switchmen and
railroad employees and made good their
escape. Some of the men were subsequently recaptured, but it is known that a! least
three out of the nine who beat their way
out of the Charleston prison met their fata
on hoard the ill-fated Naronic.
TUB-IE WERE P.IN'ni.BMiKRs BRADLEY,
JackConnen and Daniel Mullen, all notorious crooks. "Jim" Bradley was a burglar
with a long record, a notorious thief and
confidence nan and was considered oue of
the cleverest aate breakera in the country.
He was arrested for numerous Post-office
robberies in New England towns and a few
yeara ago made his escape from the Greenfield jail iu Massachusetts.   He broke out
of the Charlestowu prison twice.   At the
time of hia firat escape last J uly he waa serv-
inflf a five years' sentence for burglarizing a
safe in a jewelry store in Boston.   He had
been in prison scarcely four months when he
led a gang of nine convicts, including him
self, to freedom and liberty. On theailth of
last October Bradley was arrested in New
Vork by Detectives Aloncle and Formosa of
Inspector McLaughlin's staff He gave hia
name as Henry Langdon andat firat stoutly
protested that a mistake had been made.
He was positively identified, however, and
gave in when he saw the game was  up.
Bradley was a fine-looking fellow, slick 11
they make them and every inch of a gentleman in his Iehavior. This waa on November
25,   Since his second escape the police of
this and othor cities have been hunting high
and low for him.   Within '.he week tne
authorities have received information that
Bradley had skipped on the Narouic's laat
voyage and lost his life ou her.
ICELAND AND ITS PEOPLE-
Ilia- at 1,iintr.a lli.-il la Almoat nevoid oD ��na
(ort.
Iceland ia little better than a desert. The
crafty dealers turned" herTnTxperience" to | Pef!lli��r .""te'i^fjf'E. "I'l���?""
their own advantage! and when theintrepid, jv   "' "' "'	
and, as yet, not hopeless young dealer waa, ""'
everywhere greeted  by   her   pessimistic
friends with that moat exasperating formula : " I told you so." Finally a few orders
came in, and were filled with .such originality and boldness of design, artistic workmanship and thoroughness in execution,
that gradually they multiplied, and many
who had scoffed at this new and " unfemi-
nine departure" came to entreat Miss
Robinson's advice and assistance in the decoration of their homes.
With the Manchester exhibition came
Miss Robinson's chance ; her stand of furniture and fittings, many of which were
altogether novel, aud had been made from
her own graceful design, proved one of the
most attractive in the building and drew
tho attention of royalty, with the result
that the appointment of " Decorator to the
Queen" was conferred upon her. Miss Robinson's success was now assured, aud her
influence on the English standard of taste
in the interior decoration became extended
hy her acceptance of the post of adviser in
such matters to the readers of the London
Queen,and by the opening of a branch of
her business at 'JO Brook street, London, aud
between which dainty depot of what might
truly be called decorative "confections" and
her establishment in Manchester, Miss
Robinson divides her week.
Misa Robinson does not confine herself
merely to furnishing the abodes of the
newly-married or replacing the common-
placo with the artistic in English homes.
Sho revels in mammoth orders, such as fitting up hotels, theatres, etc., and now her
latest achievement is the superintending of
all the interior fitting and decorationa of
anil, alon.'with the barrenness of
I, makes the conditions of existence
extremely hard. People with so little
to make life attractive might he pardoned
if they were; 0 sink into a stolid indifference
to everything but the struggle to keep alive.
The size cf Iceland is greater than that of
Ireland, and the population numbers 70,-
000 souls: but the onlv inhabitable portion
is a narrow strip of pasture laud extending like a girdle round the coast and up
the deep, narrow fiords.
The interior of the country is a howling
waste of sand and ice, traversed by darting
glacial rivars, and utterly incapable of supporting more than a few scattered inhabi
tants, Grass is the only considerable crop.
The hills and valleys are treeless andaffotd
at best but a scanty pasturage for horses,
cows and sheep. Roads and bridges scarce
ly exist. A Danish merchant at P.eykjavik
has a wheeled carriage, but in the interior
such a conveyance is unknown and would
be useless if known, The backs of horses
are the only means of transportation across
country.
Small boats carry travelers over dangerous rivers, while the horses swim on ahead.
Hardly anything that miniatera to comfort,
to say nothing of luxury, ia produced in
Iceland. Every nail in an Icelandic house,
every pane of glass, every bit of wooden
flooring, every insignificaut bit of furniture,
haa to be transported laboriously from one
of the seaports to its destination.
Tiiat the Icelanders are poor goes without
saying. There is little or no home market,
for every Icelander has thesame products
to sell as his neighbors. The circulation of
money ia, therefore, very small. If a farmer
haa  direct dealings  with the  agents for
and
the Campania, the largest and fiuest ship j foreign markets and is sufficiently prosper-
alloat. "It was suoh fun," ahe saya, in her 0113 to have a little.surplus ea ih year he may
bright way, " to lay my plana before the j handle a little money, but in general the
grave and reverend directors of the Cunard j trading at the seaports is literally trading.
Company, before whom I was the ?rst worn. I An Icelander barters a certain number nf
an artist who had ever appeared." Their horses or sheep or rolls of dried tish or bales
surprise was overcome by their admiral ion I of hay for a supply of groceries and othei
for the beauty and originality of her scheme | necessaries of life,
of decoration, which lliey heartily approv
I. Miaa Robinaon's personality is radiant
with tho charm of never-failing spirits and
vivacity. Work has not spoiled her " infinite variety :" nor has the battle of business life banished her true gentleness and
femininity.
Ee Might Venture a Tip-
"If I might venture," said the guest, in
a low tone, as the dignifisel waiter assisted
him in the matter of putting on his overcoat, "to give you a tip���'
" Yes, sir," said the waiter, relaxing considerably.
" I should advise you to try earnestly to
break yourself of the habit of lingering your
mustaohe iu a severe, abstracted manner
while you are taking a dinner order. My
hat please.   Thank:.
Hia First Experioa :e-
A oountry boy who had been brought up
in a remote district of Scotland had occa
sion to accompany his father to a village
near which a branch line of railway passed.
Thc morning after his arrival, when saun
tering iu lhe garden behind the house in
which they were staying, he beheld with
wondering eyes a traiu go by. For a moment he stood staring at it with astonish
ment, and then, rushing into the house, he
said i���" Faither' faither I come out :
there's a smiddy ran off w' a raw 0' horses,
an' its awa' doon by the back 0' the toon !
Right at the foot of a great glacier in
New Zealand there is a tropical growth of
plant life and a ho; spi ing, with water isau
iug forth a! a temperature of over 100 degrees. TROUT
LAKE
CITY
WEST KOOTENAY, B.C.
The above town site is now on the market, and lots are being
rapidly bought up by local parties. It is situated at the north end of
Trout Lake, in the famous
LARDEAU COUNTRY
which is going to be one of the RICHEST MINING REGIONS in
America. NUMEROUS RICH CLAIMS have been found close to this
town site, which will make it the DISTRIBUTING POINT for an
IMMENSE TRACT OF COUNTRY. It is the only level land at the
north end of the lake. The owners intend to expend money on streets
and other improvements in the Spring. The trail from Lardeau City,
on Arrow Lake, to Kootenay Lake, runs through the town site. Por
the NEXT THIRTY DAYS corners will be sold at $150 and insides
$100,
For further particulars apply to
C. E. PERRY & CO
���j
at the Head Office, Nelson, B.C., or to
I    i     Lm.     ilfll
3
Local Agent,
REVELSTOKE, B.C.

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