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The Kootenay Star Apr 29, 1893

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Array VOL. IV.
REVELSTOKE. WEST KOOTENAY, B.C.. APRIL 29, 1893.
No. 46.
WANTED.
AGENTS to sell onr choice and
hardy Nursery Stock. We hnve many
new special varieties, both in fruits
and ornn mentals, to offer, which are
controlled only by ns. We pay commission or salary. Write ns at once
for terms, and secure choice of territory.���Mav Bl'OTHEllS, Nurserymen
Rochester, N.Y.
THE
Revelstoke Pharmacy
IS NOW OPEN
to the Pulilio of Revelstoke and the
surrounding district with a
complete Block of
DRUGS, CHEMICALS,
PATENT MEDICINES,
TOILET k  OTHER  ARTICLES
mtTAINlNG TO THE T1IADK.
THE
MADDEN HOUSE,
HUGH MADDKN, Prop'r.
Beautifully situated on tbe Lake
shore at the entrance to the best and
shortest road to the Slocau mines and
New Denver, The best fishing and
hunting in the district, with grand
boating and sketching facilities for
tourists aud artists.
The Bah is supi-ued with the
Best brands of wines,liquors
and cigars.
The accommodations of the Hotel are
of the best.
CENTRAL HOTEL.
ABRAHAMj-ON BROS., Prop's.
Charmingly situated on the bank of
the river, on the principal street,
close to the post-office nnd
Government buildings,
and nearest to the
Steamboat
Wharf.
First-class Table, good Beds,
Telephone.
FIRE-PROOF SAFE.
���BUS MEETS ALL TRAINS AND
STEAMERS.
CAVEATS,
TRADE MARKS,
DESIGN PATKNT8,
COPYRIGHTS, eto.
for Information snd free Handbook write to
JIUNN * CO. Ul Bhoadwat, Nivr York.
Oldest bureau for Mourlnn patent! In America.
Krerr patent taken out by ni la brought before
the publio by a notiee given free of charge In tho
Lavsat drailatletn of any ���efentlOe paper In ths
world. Splendidly Illustrated. No Intelligent
man ahould he without it Weekly, 13.00 a
fear | DUO ell months. Address MUNI* A CO,
'ususiinu, 301 liroadwar, New York City.
JDo you Write for the Papers V
If 70a do, you should have TEE
LADDER OF JOURNALISM,
a Text Book for Correspondents. Re-
porters, Editors and General Writers.
PRICE, 60 CENTS.
,     SUNT ON RECEIPT OV PRICE, BY
ALLAN  FORMAN,
1.17 Nassau 8treet, New York, N. Y.
State where yon saw thin and you w111 receive a handsome lithograph for framing.
ANADIAN
'-PACIFIC
REVELSTOKE TIME TABLE,
Atlantic Express, arrives 10.10 daily.
Paciflo       " ��     16.52   "
Cheapest, most reliable and safe
route to Montreal, Toronto, St, Pnul,
Chicago, New York and Boston.
Rates 1(55 to $10 lower than any other
other route,
Specially fitted Colonist Cars, in
charge of a l'orter, for the accommodation of Passengers holding second
cIphh tickets, l'lissengers booked to
nud from all European points at
Lowest IfiiteB.
Low Freight Hates. Quick despatch. Merohnnts will save money
by having their freight routed via
heC.P, ll.
Full and reliable Information given
by applying to
*    GEO. McL. BROWN,
Asst, Gen'l Freight Ag't, Vnoonver,
or to I. T. BREWSTER,
Ag't C. P. 11. Depot, Revelstoke,
Tlie New Hallway.
Work on the Revelstoko k Arrow Lake
Railway iv ill commence next Wednesday, when J. T. Nanlt's outfit will start
at thin end clearing the right of way.
About thirty men will be employed by
Mr. Nanlt, who has beeu in town for a
week piiBt. Close upon their heels a ill
follow the work of grading and truck-
laying. There are uo grades of any
importance, and, burring accidents uud
union-seen obstacles, tbe road will be
iu operation before snow flies. Work
on the Nakusp k Slocuu wiil be commenced simultaneously with t at ou the
Revelstoke branch.
Dowu irom Big Bend.
Messrs. L. Mason, Qeo. Laforme, J.
Sweeny, Chan. Norleans, Solomon Holden, Thos. Maloney, Wolsdou, and a
Chinese cook arrived down from Big
Bend on Monday evening, Tlie placer
mines there have been fairly remunerative dnring the past winter, more especially tbe past two months. Over $90
was taken out in one day by three men,
and good paying gronnd has been entered uuon. Tbey have met wiih a lot
of drawbacks in the shape of slides and
water, but have now everything clear
for profitable working. Mr. Mason, one
of tbe owners of the Coosolation Minn,
has sold his share to Chas. Norleans, tbe
other partners being Geo. Laforme aud
John Sweeney. Mr. Mason goes to
Chicago to lake in the World's Fair, but
will return in July and tarn his attention
to the Lardeau. Each man had a tine
shotting of nuggets (some of tbem of
large size) and considerable dust. A
large party will go into tbe Bend within
the next few weeks, as soon as tbe trail
is passable. There will be about 81,000
spent on it this year.
Trial of the Chemical Engine.
At tbe meeting of the fire brigade on
Mouday evening, Chief W. M. Browu
in the chair, Messrs. A. H. Holdicb and
J. I, Wondrow were appointed engineers, in conjunction with Mr, A, Stone,
while Mr. O. H. Allen was appointed
consulting engineer. Seven new m in-
bers were elected, A practioe was beld
yesterday afternoon, when a huge bonfire, about 12 feet high aud built of dry
oedar, was ignited at the bottom of
Frout Street aud nearly a quarter of a
mile from tbe engine-boose. The fire
was allowed ten minutes'start, and tbe
flames were leaping several feet above
the blazing pile when the engine arrived.
Within three minutes from the time of
leaving tbe engine-boose and about 30
seconds after the stream began to play
on it no fire was visible. After this tbe
smouldering fire in the heart of the pile
waa allowed to spring into a blaze, aud
tbe experiment was successfully repeated. As soon as the chemicals came in
contact with the flames they were snuffed
out instantly. The mistake was made
of not turning tbe cylinder nntil arrival
at the fire. Had this been done at the
time of starting from the fire hall the
chemicals would have been thoroughly
mixed, aud consequently more foroe ob'
tained. Tbe stream oan be thrown to a
height of 40 feet, but owing to tbis mistake its best work was not attaiued. It
was perhaps owiug to iste arrival of Mr.
Allen, who thoroughly understands the
working of the engine, that the mistake
occurred.    Altogether the experiment
"'flu ii -1   r'j.loi1 ^iioepsN.
s
bc.*s
r-ijrt SAlE.
Several first-class new Boats for sale.
Apply to     MORtjAN DAVID,
Revelstoke.
R, H. RAMSEY,
House Painter, Paper-
hanger and Grainer.
BEVELt-TOKK B.C.
WORK DONE WITH NEATNESS
AND DISPATCH.
GEORGE 8HIEL,
Taxidermist
OLD  POST  OFFICE,
KEVELSTOKE, B.C.
All kinds of specimens of Animals,
Birds and Fishes carefully and naturally
mounted. Several local Specimens on
view and for sale.
UEEK ANII  CARIBOO HEADS A SPECIALTY'
EDWARD LIJPSETT,
Sail, Tint and Awning Maker.
HORSE ii WAGON COVERS,
Bags, Haumoi ks, ko.
WATERPROOF BLANKETS & C0VET:S
TENTS FOR SALE & TO RENT.
60 WATEK STREET,
VANCOUVER,   B.C
LOCALNEWS.
R. Tapping's letter will appear next
week,
C. B. Hume k Co. have just reoeived
a consignment of prospectors' tents, in
various sizes.
If yon are intending to grow floweis
or gardeu plants this year go to H. N.
Coursier's for your sends.
We have br��n requested by several
ladies to call attention to the " loafing "
at the post office    Nnff sed.
Onr New Denver correspondent's news
budget has heen 14 duys on the road,
and comes to hand too lute for insertion.
Miners and prospectors going into the
Slooan can obtain nil necessary supplies
at Bourne Bros.' Nakusp and New Denver stores.
We would call the attention of trappers and fur dealers to the advertisement
of Messrs. Jas. McMillan k Go. on our
fourth page,
J. P. Sutherland, of Truro, N.S., and
A. McKav, of Creemoro, Ont., left here
ou the str. Illecillewaet on Monday for
Nelson and Kaslo,
The Rev. C. Ladner will preach tomorrow in the Methodist Church,
morning at 10.80, evening at 7.30, All
are cordially invited.
The farmers around Salmon Arm are
utilizing tbe present delightful weather
for all it is worth, and seeding and
planting are in full swing.
Tbe Rev. F. Yollaud will conduct
Church of England services in the
schoolroom to-morrow. Morning at 11;
eveuiug at 7.30. Holy Communion at
morning service.
Hnll BroB. are having a new stable
built in the rear of their premises. The
old stable would most likely take a trip
down river this summer, if uot removed
before the rise takes place.
Mr. Paton will conduct service in the
Presbyterian church to-morrow at 7.30.
Sabbath sohool at 2.30 p.m, in the
churoh. Wednesday prayer meeting in
Mr. Paton's house at 8 p.m.
Joe Wbyte, wbo bus heen stationed at
Kamloops for some months, was in town
ou Wednesday, and was looking exceedingly well. He brought up a train
of C.P.R. workmen to join in the attack
on our big snowslide.
Wild geese are passing northward in
large flocks, and several enterprising
Nimrods bave been emptying tbeir rifles
into tbem as they sailed aloft over the
town, but ao far without any other result
than a waste of cartridges.
Our readers will see tbat owing to
pressure of advertisements our news
space is very limited. We bave, therefore, to curtail everything as much as
we oan. It is the intention of the proprietor to enlarge next month.
Notice to Pbobpectobs and Miners.
Concentrated Sugar, 600 times stronger
tbau sugar. Can oarry equal to 25 lbs.
in tbe vest pocket. Send five dollars to
A. E. Waldon, tbe wholesale druggist,
Calgary, and get a supply by mail.
Bourne Bros, bave this week received
a carload of stoves and a carload of
hardware, and their new warehouse,
packed full of stoves, stovepioe, miners'
and gardeners' tools, is a fine addition
to the business appearanoe of the towu.
Mr. J. M. Kellie, M.P.P. for West
Kootenay, arrived here on Wednesday
morning from his legislative duties at
Victoria, anil is now at the Central
Hotel, He will go into tbe Lardeau and
Fish Ci"ek mining districts and develop
some properties he owns there.
lbe Salmon Aim Athletic Club held
its weekly practice last Saturday, with
a full attendance of members. Onr hw>t
boxer, Duffy, tendered his resignation,
which was accepted, as be is abont to
leave for the oid oountry, or he may
change his mind and go to Kuslo.
A lot of familiar faces have been seen
in town during tbe week, besides a great
number of strangers. Among tbe old-
timers are D. A. Lamey, Hugh Ross,
Jack Commins, Charlie Holton, I'ete
Walker, W. B. Pool, J. i.. Piper, J. W.
Thomson, W, Cleveland and others.
Mr. Hugh Midden (of the Madden
House) and wife and Mrs. Jno. Madden
arrived from Nukusp on the str. Marion
Monday, ond were guests at thu Hotel
Victoria for several days. Mr. Maddon
returned to Nukusp on Thursday and
the ladies went east (or Montreal the
same day.
There was a good attendance at the
concert-social Thursday night. Mr. F.
Ahlin played tbe introductory organ
solo, and those who received eneort-H
were Misses Ruth and May Valentine
for their recitations, Misses C. Howson
and Fanny Valentine for their duet,
" Cautslena," and Mr. Barber for his
solo.
Tbe str. Marion returned here from
ber first trip tbis season on Monday
evening. She brought several passengers for Revelstoke, and a large number
from Robson to the bead of Arrow Lake
bound for the Lardeau. Tho Marion
sailed for Unburn on Thursday morning
with pusseui'iisiind genera! freight.
Mr. aud Mrs. Frank Lyonuais were
accorded an enthusiastic reception on
their return from Kumloops on Mouuay
morning, where thu happy couple bi.il
been mude one Iiy the Rev A. Shildrick
pn the previous Bay, An informal reception was held in the dining car, und
a host of friends assembled to offer
their congratulations, und seveiul felicitous speeches were got off in honor of
the occasion. Of I'OUi'B', tho usual
"ohivari" took jluoo in tho evening.
The mill started to work on Mouday,
and activity is apparent in ovory department. Orders are beiug filled us
rapidly as possible, extra hauls having
been tukeu on. Large quantities of
lumber are required fer the buildings
going np at different points down river
and at Revelstoke Station.
Miss Graham and Mr, H, N. Coursier
were passengers hy the str. Marion ou
Thursday for Nelson, Kuslo ami other
towiiB iu Lower Kootenay, Thoy lmvo
a line range of millinery and ladies'
gooiis and will take orders for dressmaking. ThiB is Mr. Coursier's Iirst
business trip to tbe lower couutry.
C. B. Hume k Co. will open a general
store at Trout Lake City uext week,
supplies for whioh have been sent down
by the steamers, and miners and prospectors will be able to obtain every
requisite on tho spot. The firm thus
obtains the free lot offered by tlio town
aite owners for the first store opened
there.
Mr. E. F. Caaael bought a miuiug
claim on the Great Norlheru ledge, iu
the Lardean, lust week. Tom Home,
Tom Edwards und Guy Barber are said
to be the, parties interested iu the sale,
The price to he paid ia $5,000. If
capitalists want to pick np good mines
at low figures they should come right
along now,
A meeting was held in tbe schoolroom
last night regarding the makiug of a
road from tbe sawmill to the C.P.R.
freight shed, dr. Holdich presided,
and a resolution moved by Mr. Robson,
tbat tbe Government be asked to devote
some portion of tbe appropriation to
the making of such road, was curried by
a majority of one.  Details next week.
ON TRIAL FOR 90 DAYS.
The flnmt, complctest ond latest line of Elec-
trical apnllance* In the world They have neves
fulled to cure. We are no positive of 11 that we
will back our belief and send you any Electrical
Appliance now iu the market and you ear. try It
TorThrec Muntha. Largeat ltstcf tMllmonlals
on eurth. Send for book and jonrr.a! Free.
W. V, Baer Ic Co., Wladaor, Onr.
The weather hus been everything that
can be desired dnring the week, and the
snow has completely disappeared except
on the mountains. The river ia fust
rising, and in all probability will attain
its highest point much earlier thau last
year. The strs. Lytton and Columbia
bave not yet put in an appearance, but
we are informed the water is quite high
enough for tbem.
A pleasant surprise was given to Mr.
Tboa. Puton on Monday evening in the
Prestn teriau churoh. He had heen requested to meet the members of the
congregation at a farewell gathering,
and a large number attended. After
a social chat and refreshments Mr. Hay
sang " We'd belter bide a wee," and
then Mr. Laing read an address while
Mr. Law presented Mr. Paton with a
purse of $110.
The familiar figure of Capt. Troup
was Beeu on our streets lust Sunday, the
C. k K. Co.'s steam scow Illecillewaet
having arrived up from Robsou Saturday night with a full complement of
passengers. She left again ou Mouday
morning at daylight with passengers and
cargo, and Capt. Troup returned in ii-r
to the lower country. She again arrived
up nn Thursday afternoon and left for
Robson yesterday moruing. Alex.Liud-
qnist is the engineer,
Mr. J. T. Wilkinson, the Vancouver
" W��rld Man on tho Wing," arrived up
nu the str. Illecillewaet. Saturday niglit
from a tour through Lower Kootenay
in the interests of his paper He spent
four days iu town, and in company with
Mr. Mara, M.P., loft for Kamloops on u
local freight Wednesday eveuiiK*. Mr.
Wilkinson seems to be an intelligent,
level-headed gatherer ol facts, with the
faculty of silting thom till he gets ihe
truth, aud his letters to the World muy
bo depended upon to represent the ������iuto
of things in West Kootenay as it really
is,
Mr. J. A, Mara, M P., oamo here ou
Sunduy morning to meet Cupt, Troup,
munugor for the C. k K. Nav. Co., aud
intended returning to Kumloops the
sume evening. But the westbound train
did not arrive till 2.30 Monday morning,
which train Mr, Mura unfortunately
missed, aud owing to the big suow. lides
wi.ioh came down in the Illeoilluwaet
vulley ou Mouday und Tuesday uo other
westbound train got through for four
duyB. On Wednesday evening Mr.
Mara returned to Kumloops on a local
freight train, which also took the dining
car buek to Salmon Arm.
Mosbi's. Wm. Vickers, L. MoDonaln
un.i Wm. Cleveland arrived here from
Hull's Landing on Monday morning,
haviug left the Muriou ut the Groen
Slide. The prospects for a good fruit
and vegetable season are excellent ut all
Ihe farms down there, although the
budding is somewhat late aim pluming
iB bul just begun. Mr. Keliio has obtained un appropriation of $i0U from the
Government for the making of a road
from the landing-place to the interior
ranches. The sura of UOO will not go
very far iu roaomukiiig, nut the boon of
having a road ut ull will be greatly up-
pn ciuted. A hotel will bc much needed
this siiniiiior. Already travellers ure
! stopping hereon their way to Ihe Lar-
I dean, aud Mr. and Mrs. Moxley bave
i acted as host and hostess with their
i usuul hospitality.
SEaal)   POTAlOES.
I have foi sale one ton ol Peakse's
Eauly and one ton ol   Hi sedai es,
both very prolific and fron  the best
imported stock.   Price 5o. per lb.
1\ Fraser,
Box 'JIT. Revelst 'ke.
Ltoxxais��� V .1.1 a -.  On Suudr*,
April 23rd, al Kamloops, I r '
Rev. A. Shildrick, Frank  I nd re
Lyonuais to Miss lidith Volla is,
both pf lievelsl ike, B.O,
NEWS   EltOM   I.Alv'D. A.U.
Messrs, J. W, Thomson, J, Mosley
uud A. Suott iiirn d up from the
lleud of the lake on Tuesday. They
slute that the N'orlheasl Arm is open
for rowbouts and the ice wil ha
entirely disappeared in a fow days.
Seven bouta have gone throngh io
Thomson s Landing with prospectors
und others bound for tue nuues norlh
of Tront Lake,
J. 0 Wagner and two American
capitalists who nave bondo 1 his
claims for 810,000 went over to look
ut the Wagner group last Tuesday.
The bote) at Thomson's is full of
prospectors and capitalists waiting
to imo the new eldorado���Lardeau���
the great rush having commenced ill
earnest.
Malcolm Teuton is bringing in a
pack truiu of 12 horses for service
between Thorns ui'e and Trout Lake.
A larger train than this will be ueed-
ed in a week or two.
It is said thai ��ome of the mining
capitalists stopping at the la iding
have been figuring on erecting large
sampling works at ihe mouth of the
Intaichtukok Creek, where thi re nro
falls sufficient to run any amount of
machinery. These falls are about
300 yards from the hotel.
Mr. Thomson is taking down carpenters for the erection of additional
buildings, and with the opening of
the mining seasou the head of the
Arm will put on a busy, bustling,
appearance. Everybody at Trout
Lake, Lardeau City. Fish Creek aud
Thomson's Lmdiug in goo i health.
Huifc ."Snow Slides.
Lust Monday forenoon there camo
dowu on the O.P.R. uack, at tho
2ud crossing in the .alley of tho
Illecillewaet, one ol li, - biggest snow
slides which ever occurred in tho
Selkirks, which was followed about
uoou by n snow and timber slide a
half mile or so further east, which
covered u vast extent ol traok. Tho
eastbouud train hau just passed before the first slide, bin no otiier train
passed thut point until Thursday
afternoon, the woik of clearing tlio
track engaging the services of tho
whole available force of C.P.R. men
between Donald an Kamloops, uud
two engines and u rotary at each end
of the obstructions. There were also
present the chief officials of tho
mountain aeotion of the road���Mr.
It. Marpole. superintendent : Mr. R,
Wei more, road mast r; Mr J. Serson,
bridge superintendent; Mr. C. H.
Temple, locomotive superintendent;
and the vuriou�� lection foremen. Mr.
Abbo t, supt, Paeilio Division, ar-
rived from Vancouver on Thursday.
The tjrst slide cum. down on a snow
sl. d, ov. rluppin. il several yards
each snio and almost eiiliiely filling
up tue subway. The mountains are
from U.UdU to (1,00(1 feet high, and
the aviilance swppt dowu with such
irresistible force as to bury the shed
and huri itseif completely across the
river, damming back the water until
it formed a good-sized lake. Bnt
when suow meets water it lias eventually to give way, uud it was a ran 1
sight when the river bloke through
the icy burner and dashed madly
down its uld channel as if joyful at
its release, and carrying along huge
fragments oi trees wbiob had become
spliuture uud embedded iu the hard
snow during tue rapid desoent from
their mum soil on the mountain
ciests. Not only were these large
trees toin up in lhe roots and splintered like mu -hwoud, but tons of
earth wlncn darkened the bdow, as
.veil as h igu bmil .ers, wen mixed iu
u.. eil'eetinly as a oook ouold mix lho
flour, spic.-s and raisins in a Chri t-
inus pudding. I'ue I rustle bi; |e to
the east ol the shed was purily do-
Ul0ll��b6ll. i'Ue I id slide Will about
4U Ieet deep Over the track n .. per*
haps 600 yards long, Tn. umber
embedded in the suow wus lm great
drawback to thi work ul the rotary,
wlllch seui llie all iw ,-ky III when
the tiojberbttd b-- ti extracted, .dean-
while tiain.- fn m tbe west arrived
at their regular time, and ��eie held
in Row-is' ,���  nl ard, the   .ning
i.u in ii... i mil. ��� i Salmi ���. Ana
every night, i ho town wat .errun
by the dei iyci | assen era, but littlo
or io extra I ii-iiih,- resnlh I, Do
Inn -,i r, moi'ui .        i- pu
I un-i the minis were tiau li ri     ovi i
tin- obstructions,an I Ihe first ei   em
i mail sine.- Sunduy .us di liven i hero
ui no.-I, ui T'l.ui.: lay.   Luti r in tbe
: day tb  trains   I u   ha I  I ��������� u held
; on the i a     i     of tbi   il   -
i    li   to uoinu  on,  a   i   .
i .' ard   it intervals oi
labou      hour, A TURILLISG StORT OF CitiVK-K TREACHERY
CHAPTER XV.-: Ci
'l.M I I-.
With these feelings urging mc to action,
1 was aboul to do something rash, and had
indeed made two rapid steps towards the
temple gates, when a counter-impulse caused me abruptly to stop.
Chin-chin-wa had appeared at the
entrance to the temple building ! Willi
three priests on cither side, and others following behind, he came towards mo, and
| toward fieedom, step by step over the
shadows of the trees upon the stone paved
path.
As he came nearer 1 saw that he carried
something heavy in his arms, though with
his great strength lie walked erect- as always. The moments heat into my brain as
. lie advanced, until he with the priests
that is, as a means to secure the | reao|,ei* t|lc gaite, an(j there he came forth
i of William Nonas through hia uni���jured wfth his burden in hisarma.
friendship with Shan-min-yuen, and by I Then I knew that it was a man's attenu-
holding Honsel s life, as Chin-ohin-wa had | ttte(1 form that he bore| for j aaB. the llare
determined to do, as hostage for that of feet| one of whieh waa covered with blood,
"Orris, i and tiie coarse Chinese dress he wore, and
But even in tins tlierc was a Haw, for {j |ook(,(1 uom, llis ljfelm face wh|cn hung
Bonsel 8 life was safe m Pekin, since Chin-  |w(.k over ijbiu-chin-wa'a arm.
chin-wa was exiled from the city ; and this     h wa, pa|e iln(1 (lrawn  as with a long
pointed out.   All the answer I received , xmnv ;ul(i Uu. hea(1 waa half shaved.
1 could say nothing; lor he, possessing
the paidon, had the prior right; and, fur- j
Iher, I did nut speak Chinese.
1 agreed that his chance of success was
much greater than mine.
But if, on the morrow, lie failed, from!
imy cause, then 1 might use the pardon in I
what way I saw lit; and he, us an unpar-
doned exile, was willing to face his fellows.
But, indeed, I perceived that there was but
flint chance of my succeeding if the pardon
had once been used unsuccessfully by Chin-
chin-wa himself; and f came finally to share
Chin-chin-wa's opinion, that he would be
justified in treating Bonsel as he proposed
to do,
freedom
' is this then
i ��g��".V
" My Cod I" I half gasped
William N'orris ?"
The crowd surged around, us and Chin-
chin-wa answered me wildly.
" I do not know."
CHAPTER XVI.
was this, " If the lime comes, we shall see ;
but to-morrow is not yet passed."
During the night I wrote a letter to the
Dioeys ; to them, at least, I felt that I
could write, forCliin-chin-wa agreed with
rn< that they were true meu. It was the
first letter 1 had sent them from I'ekin,
iui . .vas to go by special courier (as Chin-
chin-wa, thiough his friend, our host, had] When we left N'orris in the Temple of
arranged for me), to the Iirst steamer at Confucius it was winter time, and he was
Tientsin I clad in the heavy padded garments such as
: wrote them to this effect: 'That wo had i the Chinese wear in the north as u protec-
discovered Norris iu be confined in the tion against the cold, and with furs in ad-
Confucian temple ; that BonseTs Chinese dition, for the I'ekin winter is severe in-
friend was his captor ; that Chin-chin-wa, deed. He resembled a wild beast, moving
I:t i been banished from Pekin by this man; j to and fro in confinement, when we parted
and that the lime had come when cither | with him, and wc return to him now, some
outlives would be lost or William Norris J mouths later, when the terrible effects of
saved. Audi asked iliem to seek for us j the agony caused by the dropping of the
wil ,:i three weeks, if lliey received no molten lend upon his skin had begun to
fur ior news trom us before the expiration J wear away.
of that  time, and to reach us as they .    Slowly indeed did Norris come to know
!-.:. I best through the medium of Rouse
jr. Kent! ;n. I wrote as tully as 1 was able
'.' i i iu the present condition of my mind ;
;..: . using with difficulty the brush which
' hinese use as ii pen, I completed a
lengthy letter, to be dispatched early on Ihe
eoi   ng day.
The dawn crept slowly upon us as ive
Btil sal waiting Wearily. Wc hail long
.��� it! talking, but sleep on the dawn of
su . a day as new came was a thing beyond
oi ,    iwors,
I e night of anxiety slowly passed away,
iiii ��� ' lasl 'i.i hour came at which, when
i - i re w n i nt with the strain placed
ti] us, in palanquins aud their Chinese
hi i irs stood in the road to carry us for
mi     through the streets.
I ns, dress d in rich garb in tho fashion
oi e wi i j mandarins, and with large
sp i iii.-,.-. eli as thoy wear to cover the
oi ��� mil screi the faco from dual and from
..' ��� ", i , a were borne amongst thc
er ��� ind c un i- and muh i thai crowd the
s'.- ��� ��� -, slowii . nearing the distant goal,
an i describe my fi i bugs on this
(by Now hai the swallow's message was
hute������! beai Ing fruit, 1 was sad beyond do-
scripi in, as though n great le idon weight
luui ��� en tii luro ind my hi irl to drug ii into t leptl : : ic il - pi -lib -; air. How much
this ' n sl in in lo us I full' realized :
ye.t my i I in *i< ty und fear was lesl
Nri ris, v. o, io far ii we c mid judge, hull
ye i ij been submitted to torturo within
that his senses were still preserved lo him
that he had passed through the ordeal, and
that he had suffered the priestly- rite of the
molten lead and still had survived.
The cold assisting the man's niitura
strength gradually effected his return to
perfect sanity, and Norris awoke to life
again with a perfect forgetfulness, as is
sometimes the casi with the human brain,
of lie- agony through ��Inch lie bad passed.
Up to a certain point his recollection sewed him; beyond that there was a blank
which he set down to a kind of delirium
through which he fancied himseif to have
pissed���a delirium which had its commence-
menl with tht entry long ago of the priests
and the Chinese barber to the temple building, when Norris had then lain as a captive
oil ihu d by the ankle lo the ground.
Thus, to his mind, he had never beeu
shaved ; for hc could not recall what had
succeeded ti the firsl entry of the barber,
whom In lid not then, and did not now
recogni; ��� as such.
During the weeks that had gone by
his i iptors had left him to himself j not
that lliey pitied lum, or felt remorse,
when hi- strange half-whining cry
reached the! ears, but that there was little
use I - tortun i in in in i uch a state.
['oi lupa ii ttis thai their minds had been
sated fo: ��� certain time with their own
cruelty, or perhaps that some command to
then from tho power without the templo
walls    li- that as it may, Norris was left
i pie, hud hy now succumbed; ioi   to hi riug many weeks j to and this
my imnu w - -'���    led :    such a pitch by
I In   ii tcusit * . ' I i  ��� '     ioi   tlm I couId
i...        : - y possibility   >1 ir ulli-
m.
'������'. ���   ' v '.   \: ul    i
ti      re tukci stai nst au uvci
v       ling     le, m it to us
t' [.," You shall i
sii.
;      I v   ;
T
��� *���     ;.
:
'���
:
��� '
vv
: -
'
il
l:   r of n
:
..������  :
I ������    was
-
i
...
-
i
-.
'
.
i
���
.
1
.
: iiii   iere were bul : w exceptions, one of
hi :._ tin li '.v on which the priests
ha 11    ued tin ling out into the
mi pointed I ward the prisoner as
th ;.'     plaitih ii ._��� to a  China-
:         ��� red embri i li re I - ....
.-.-- ,i. Isl at the door.
id be    even tl en creeping upon
I knees, as
thou lethintj   ab -
-   - . "...
��� had fallen into a
: ing< .' up        .    ...
lest the drops I fal
his tempo idne
-. ' g ..:._ '.������������
.-   nd.   The
tin
_   .    ' ��� .
- le gl
''���
���
fo
���
-
i
-
i
-
ii
i :
1 ��� Idea  from soini
;
[wail
.       ���  . of the i
-  ig . i i
a. repel I i  - imo,
'���.    rowd    id   ;athi-r-i ro ind   mc   \
1   ��� .        ..i       ���      md i u
ope     ml   >. i -ni. i li ing pi i
bi.fi-i; ;.���:. .-.    ---.-,- dn     -���  j.-1hop  no
|.        ���     .-,    :
knew that 1 was I .    ������  ���   . ition,
M Chin   !  han min , i..:n
mul .  . I
,   u Idoti i i Inn    iv i  ,
i I      i --.-...., i-i I.,    , and \\ iih.un
Ni     in pCfil l[l :  loud,     I tOO WOltld fo ��� '��� ui
.   .    templo, m'l evoi    . ilala
iu -��� i 11 ihai   with 'ie in
t li -   ��� ' ���
���
i
���
sufficient guard upon a man driven mad by-
pain.
Thus the unlook'dafor visit caused Norris
no little trouble il llis inmost thoughts ;
for although not yet so strong as to be able
by any means to contemplate escape, he
perceived that the priests might deem him
to be so, and in tli s he was not far wrong,
Within four days lie was removed from
the court-yard to hl8 old spot of captivity,
with the ring in tie ground to which hi.s
ankle was chained, mil further, his captors,
realizing his sanity, east about in their own
minds for some treill torture which they
could inflict.
It has been said t'lat to Norris, on recovering full posscssio:' of his senses, such an
ordeal as that of the molten lead had never
taken place, in so far as he had completely i
forgotten tbe whole of tbe occurrences of
that time, even including the shaving oi his
head.
Upon bis head had grown new hair; but
Norris did not know that it was new or that
it was a strange shade of white, nor did he
recall one incident of that time, which by a
mental freak bad become a blank.
And it is probable that he might never
have remembered it but for the torture imposed upon him immediately upon the discovery that his sanity of mind was an assured thing.
The Chinese are a calculating nation.
They know well that agony of mind may
be even greater than agony of body, and il
was upon the mind of Norris that they had
now determined to place the strain.
They knew nothing of his forgetfulness
of the most hideous hours of his life ; they
did not guess that all recollection of the
ghastly rite was dead to Norris; and they
considered in this way���that Norris might
fear a repetition if they took the first steps
leading to the torture for a second time.
And the fear of a thing, so they argued,
is some times worse than the reality itself.
So they decided, knowing that Norris could
not yet bear the bodily tortures in store, to
act upon his mind by causing him to undergo
a second time the preliminaries of the torture of the molten lead ; only these no-
more.
And had they guessed that by this
means they were destined to recall to
the miserable man all that had passed
during that time, which by God's mercy,
bad become a blank, they would have known
that no torture more devilish than that
which they had determined to inllict could
have been invented by the subtle cruelty of
their priestly minds.
When thc mental 'acuities of the individual man exhibit a partial blank such as bad
come upon William Norris���a thing of frequent occurrence under the pressure of some
sudden blow of misfortune,���a system is
frequently followed whicli leads tho mind
to recall all from the recollection of some lost
portion round which incidents immediately
cluster and gather till the whole pas! is
laid bare.
So strangea thing is the memory of man,
that the striking ot a cord upon the piano,
or the scent of a flower borne upon the
breeze, will instantly bring before the mental eye some scene of a long forgotten past,
calling as it were irom the.world of the dead
that which is born to live in dream again,
And thus, though the priests were ignoi-
ant of what they did, they were aotually
about to follow tho only course which could
Icing back to William Noiris that part of
his confinement which was now entirely
blotted from thc page of memory.
To them what tliey wen. about lo do was
merely so that they might terrify him with
the idea of a rope.ition ; ill reality it meant-
the reawakening of the ghastly memory before this could beuu accomplished thing.
There was little, indeed, in what they
now proceeded to do. The old scene was
enacted again in its earlier stages.
Norris, as he lay upon the ground, tied
by the ankle so that lie might not escape,
saw two of the captors enter, and with
them came the third ii an���the man whose
fa ie was the link between memory and the
blank���the Chinese barbel who had shaved
his head.
On their  entry,  Norris was iii utter
ignorance   of   ,vhat   was   about   to   be
done.    The   two   priests watched him
with  disappointment;   for it  bad been
; that on first seeng lhe barber
N'orris would at once jump to the conclusion that the whole ordeal had a second time
undergone���an impression which would
ighteued as ihe man proceeded in the
mi of his duty ; and it was the inteii-
I. n to bring N'orris so far and no further -
o ihave his head as in the old time, and to
li ive lira a prey to expectancy of a repetition of bis  terrible doom-a doom which,
expected, would always seem to be
neai and yet never come!
Wl it di v ice oolud much exceed thai of
-.- com eption cftli i temple priests!
��� id ol oxhibii ing fear al the entry of
i   N'orri   watched his
for,asyot, hoknewabso-
tn [hi b    i lore,und
omnleti I -. n im ������ ol the
ten I iad - - ho h id boon
ei tin  barber had last
Hut his mind
ipuzii ed,
, .    ��� -I - led
 ndyel   - Id
,i                   . w��i - i pon the
-.-.   ,        it be. :. -i
rid v
i r>auhed
ine iiarner nail no necil now to proceed
with his task. A terrible uncertainty would
face Norris on the return of consciousness���
the endless wondering when lbe time would
come and wheu the lead would fall.
All that tbey had desired waa done; so
the barber put up his implements and left
Norris with the forepal t of his i. jail shaven
and die back untouched : and, strange as it
may seem, the hair did not grow again
upon tlie shaven part for many, many
months to come.
When his senses returned, there returned
also the vision of the terrible time when,
with the crowd of priests around him, lie
had been tied to the upright post; aud bis
hands would wander now ever and anon to
his forehead, as though to linger upon the
spols laid bare a second time by the renewed shaving of iiis bead.
His mind had, indeed, reawakened to all
the sources oi most exquisite agony, which
now seldom left him ; lor, in addition to
the hideous recollection���the more vivid
now that it had been recalled from darkness,���there was the gnawing of the other
thought, as designed by the priests, at a
heart filled with doubt and expectation and
endless fear.
He would start at the slightest noise, and
the mere appearncc of the man who brought
lusfood would aotuponhisnorvea in the most
acute manner, for the sight of a fellow-man
bad become as a thing foreboding ill to
bis agonized u ind.
In the mean time, whilst lie was a prey to
all the combined feelings which form the
tissue of supreme mental agony, the news
had gone beyond the walls, and reached a
higher ear than thai of any member of the
priesthood, that Norris was once more a
sane man and in possession of his reasoning
faculties. It occurred to Norris frequently
to wonder (when for a littic he succeeded in
initially banishing the pervading fears
which bad grown as a part of llis existence),
as to what had ensued upon the return
of his false check.
It will be remembered that from
some outside hand lie bad received two
notes demanding money as recompense
for his freedom���a freedom which had
never come to be au accomplished fact,
and lhat he gave in answer a false order
t'.oiiff
hildren learn
in the  Cape
The French infantry were armed with tha
pike until 1640,
The Paris sewers are the largest and most
complete in the world.
There is but one sudden death
women to every eight among men.
The cross-bows of the fourteenth century
weighed lfllb.
Mr. Gladstone weighs 11 stone, and Sic
William Hareourt IS stone.
No one can breathe at a greater height
than seven miles from the earth..
No fewer than 20,000
Dutch as well as Englis-I
schools.
South Africa still supplies the greater
part of the ostrich feathers used by manufacturers,
Leeds finds employment for 500 women
and girls us rag sorters. They earn 8a. a.
week.
A wild elephant has a keen senaeof smell.
At a distance of 1,000yards it can scent an
enemy.
Among stevedores, cotton is regarded aa
the hardest to stow, and railroad iron as tho
easiest.
Queen Victoria has taken 447 prizes at
Knglish cattle shows for products of her
stock farms.
New Zealand bus twenty-one- mcat-freei*-
ing works, capable of yearly dealing with.
���V 00,000 sheep.
The value, of infantry waa not fully
recognised by medlicval commaitdera until
tbe fifteenth century.
Chili is said to number among her pope
latiou more poets /ier capita than any other
nation in the world.
Teething is an important crisis in the life
of lion cubs, and a large number of the
young die during that period.
fu Paris il is required that every vehicle
traversing its streets at night, if only a
wheelbarrow, shall carry a lamp.
The Bombay University has eighteen
magnificent buildings, erected ly some of
the successful unlive speculators in UM.
Of 33,000 persons in German prisons, 11,
000 were arrested  for  crimes committed
upon bis home bankers, signed with a flo-junder the influence of intoxicating drinks
minus naire,
lie had calculated then that four months
might bring the return message from Eng'
land, to the effect that his check was a valueless thing and a forgery -. and as this time
must have now long expired, hc marveled
that he had heard nothing from his captor
���the man who sought to extort a ransom
by his confinement.
Norris was unaware lhal his imprisonment had been of such length ua had been
the case, for madness bad in a measure
caused bim to pass through the winter
months almost as it were in a dream, the
extent of which, having now awakened, he did not know, but he knew that bis
confinement bad been of more than four
months'duration.
Tlie reason that he 'hud heard nothing
upon the return of the false ordoi from England was this��� that ho had not been iu a
lit condition to hoar or understand, and
that on the single occasion upon
which a vioit hud boon paid to him by thn
man whose orders bad first kept him captive in the temple, and whose wishes might
still overrule those of thc priesthood, notwithstanding even the desecration by Norris
of the temple, lie found Norris in one of the
worst piiases of temporary lunacy which he
and tlie priests alike regarded at that time
aa a tiling that could nol be lifted from the
captive's miud.
.So the man had been temporarily baulked;
for his victim had escaped him���so he
thought���by going mad.
Norris'.- return to bis former state meant,
then, that once more hc came beneath his
enemy's control.
The departure of bis madness must mean
at once the resumption of tlm tori ure and that
of the attempted blackmail,
it may bo that ho who had in tlie earlier
days of the Englishman's captivity, deemed
it well to write notes alone in place of appearing in person to interview and intimidate tlle prisoner, had bad then some idea
that liberty might be given to William Norris, since- be was thus careful to hide bis
face.
But now, after the passing uf months,
when all concerned in the dastardly affair,
oven down to Norris himself, wero becoming accustomed to a state of things whose
novelty bad completely worn off, il was no
longer a necessity to deal with the captive
by writing ; tor what was to be feared by
the disclosure of person or face':'
So it came that Norris al last beheld bis
captor, as he might lime beheld him long
since, as be had stood upon the temple steps
Ioe], ing down upon llim, had not ids brain
been clouded at lhal time, and his eyes filled
with a light which could not truly .see,
ll v as a bad sign indeed, for Norris, Ibat
h" saw- his enomy at length ; for llis coming
was proof, wasitnnt, that tho Englishman
captivity was now perpetual, since ho who
I eld liim in bondage oponlj showed his face,
and i pi rson - .hoc to maki his demand!
(TO I,l.M,.IT l I ;-.)
private
lead ol
i f*tw ueonds lie fo nil himself
.nd.
.... ,     Whal
II woro partly
.   i -      Ull lu
lurbei bento ei
dfoto
...       ��� the movii     -  ii -1 iiin-
. i :       iel hie whole mil    -   -
n inti m|i, .,t overpowi rinu   <....
trugglod  witl   ouch,
- - not dart i mil   i   <���    man
proceeds I     - ��� ,   aid    irofully an wai
��� lit,  and   Noiris realized tli il III
head    was    In ing    ill i it d,   a     n Idi i
o   , pain vi io  through ills hi irl   in
nod   i. -     -   ii   lonsatlon, and then
li  -    v '"-'i ward io; w tm -.- .^  ke
It; ii.-.I i , iee h lown bead ball bared,
ind upon hi i lore heat!, where ths ban med
to bo, thore woro flvaro ind ipota, whii h he
f. |i dio, - |n to in i bftln at though tl   cad
in ��� . >, ii nl 1 0  molten t   n ond  timo
Phil It wa       i   lulled      om his rei
, ���   ..I. bringing lho whole ol ��� I   jotl
horroi instantly before him,
'-"-'i-i. i li nd, dosfilrlng cry, li   be in ���
���
i
,., ���
. | pissed at
i   .   ... -
p
in        Norn ���       He
in althn
had , ���   ������' -n in   '    indil ioi
iapai    * to notloi ho   itill
knew ii"' ���' id bi
alone and unlooked upon ia1
of tho ui in  wl        ighl        la food���i
nrni  who romintli -i him In no   ������
pricsl
i". i      i ikonod
I,.',Mi-  with  ihe  - -
���    i
ii   .   .   prieal   one tho leas,
- i   i h.iii noli' lis, and lo    his
roaion     ,  iyod by lm brethren to do thi
i olnmbtis, Ky., lea hard place. An old
i irnier,*who ho 1 been thoro, said of it i if
lie \o,e! U ibriol happona to llghd at Columbus there'll bo no rcsiirrootlon ior they'll
won!1 himoulol his trumpet boforo bo oan
n ike i ilngleloot."
Tin' niimbor ol offioora on tho permanent
establishment ol tho 1'ost Oflico io ll,1f8ilS,
��� .I whom 8,K77 aro women ; and about 64,-
DOOothoc persons aro omployod moro or less
1.1 Pom Ollico work, of whom about lii.UUO
..n-ii.
Sir Sidney 15ill predicts that the whole
nl New ZimIuiiI nnd tlio greater part ol
in tralia will ho engulfed boforo the ond
nl tho year 1025,
The ao-oallod Watteau skirl is a bell fitted with darts or gathers in front ami bavin  ��� center back in a bias seam, which is
I aid in a graduated box-plait three inches
.vide ci llm lop and eight Inches wide at
���li" li ci mi, while ii la piiMseil, but not
tughi Into 'ilo'pe, ond forms a slight Hai-
,.,���; dip still ible foi a tiny dombtrain,
I'i .i- wooleni for plain labor gowns,
which will bo worn as mon as lhe Ural mild
....-,'i.c ol pring succeedi lho winter, are
tho: ��� igh i ilibll haircloths, whioh aro noteworthy for Iheir soft, sllkon-llko texture,
and long'hairod rough-looking Biirfu e,
ic- ���   thoro can bo no disputing the
II i thai tho Hi Arktl - tpe Hi n wa ��� jot
up b) Noah,
Everybody in Russia looks upon it as the
most praiseworthy of action- to take a
bear's lite whenever and wherever possible.
The experiment of stopping runaway
horses by the use of electricity, without
any injury to lhe animals, has been tried
successfully.
It is now quite widely believed thai the
discovery of a system of artificial flight cap
able of practical application is inly a matter of liuic.
Tlierc is only one lauded . oprleloi
in England possessed of morc than 100,
000 acres in one county, there arc three
in Ireland, and no Ies.- than fourteen in
Scotland,
The wealth of New South H A...- is estimated   at  C.JS8,700,000 ;    tl -
wealth being equal to ��363 | ;"
population.
Tlie Mayor and Aldermen of Chicago
have already granted 0,000 license;', for now
drlnking-bara to be oponed during the Em-
position.
h'ivc million yards of insulated wire will
be required for the distribution of current
to the 92,000 lamps which are to light up
the World's Fair,
Japanese books beein at what We call the
end. The lines are vertical inste id of lion
zontal, tho first being on the right hand
edge of the page, and are read downwards
irom tbo top. The place for the "foot
notes'' is at the top of the page, und that
for the reader's marker ut the bottom.
The effects of ammonia upon the com
plexion are directly opposite to that of
arsenic. The first symptom of ammonia
poisoning which appears among those who
work in ammonia factories is a discoloration of tho skin of lhe nose and forehead
This gradually extends over the face until
tbe complexion hasu stained., blotched, and
unsightly appoarance.
The snail's shell is a horny covering which
serves to protect, him against Ids numerous
foes. Slugs are simply snails which live a
retired life, and consequently need no
covering at all, The shell of the snail is
built up from limo in the plants on which it
feeds, and the creatures are nevei found ou
soil which produces no lime,
ft is curious to watch the burning questions in the dlli'oroiil Parliaments of the
world, lu Franco it is the Panama Canal;
in Germany it is theauti-Semitioagitation;
in England it is Home Rule ; iii Canada it
is tariff reform, but in .Mexico the National
Congress is agitating seriously tlle question
nf enaotlng a law compelling the Mexicans
and Indians lo wear trousers. At present
the Mexican garb is decidedly scant,
A Ily will lay four times during tho summer, about eighty eggs each time, and careful calculations have demonstrated that the
descendants of u single insect may, from
���futic 1st lo the end of Soptottlbor, exooe
2,000,000. Were ii not for bats, insect
eating birds, and the Innumerable micro
sooploparasites with which the Ily is particularly aillietcd, there would be no worse
pest in tho WOl'ld than the Ily.
In Finland there is found a green stone
It foretells the weather, and Ita power to do
so is all owing io Its singular formation, In
clear weather il i.s White and speckled : au
rainy weather comes on, it turns black, ll
proves to be composed of clay, nitre, and
salt. The salt absorbs thc moisture and.
nuns the stone dark ; lhe salt then dries
aa the weathot clears oil', and this leaves
the surface full nf while spots.
Incandescent electric lamps have been
adopted in Madras as an ornament to tlio
heads of lhe horses driven in harness by the
Jaghirdar of Ami. Two lamps, provided
with powerful reflectors, and attached to
the harness, between the ears of the horses,
the lumps being connected to a battery
placed in the body of the carriage, Tho
novelty of the arrangement attracted much
attention,
Ono of tlio curiosities of (lie Rritish I'at-
eut Ollice is tho p; tent granted to ".liimca
I'ucklc, of Loudon, Cent.,'' for a portable
machine gun, breech-loading, and tired by
turning a handle after the manucr of the
Well-known Maxim gnu. It was granted,
by "OurSoverign Lord, King George,"and
ladated July tho25th, 1718, Tbt invention
ia fully worked out, and the patent illustrated'in detail. His Position filled With Danger and
Hardship-
llll III 11   IMII, DEATH.
There are really two classes of brakemen.
And while there may be a similarity in their
iuties in some respects, the conditions under
which thev -ire performed are as widely different as that of the theater usher and the
���'engineer" of coal wagon.
Tlie passenger brakeman, clad in a natty
uniform, ia sheltered from inclement weather
and makes his run without having to face
��ny of the perils which fall to the lot of his
brother freight brakeman. He is like tbe
home guard during a war, and stays in comparative safety while that active soldier, the
freight man, does the fighting. There is
little responsibility in the position of passenger brakeman not shared by some other
member of the crew. The automatic and
Westiughousc brake, the patent couplers,
;he right of way and scheduled time on
which the train runs, together with the few-
switches to throw, leaves him little to do
���except in cases of emergency. He is required to report for dutyat least thirty minutes
before train time, which gives bim an opportunity to examine the connections of the
cell cord, the brake and the conductor's
signal whistle and see that the train is provided with the proper Hags, lights and torpedoes ready for immediate use. He then
-lakes his stand at the entrance ot the ladies'
soaoh to assist passengers and arrange for
their comfort, While en route he must see
lhat the car is properly ventilated. This
is where the freight brakeman scores one.
As simple as this duty may seem it is not
-.he easiest thing in the world to cater to a
score or more of passengers in this respect.
As one of the brakemen very forcibly put
it, " there are a few cranks every trip, and
I get a kick from one end because I don't
open the door and a kick from the other
���end because I do." It is also a part of bis
iuty to " cry stations." Here is where he
eets even with the ventilation " kickers."
All the cranks in the world can't regulate
.1 brakeman's yell, It may run the scales
.ii caliope style, operatic tones,   or steal
lie IU sr lit,  I'l -HTI AL.
Punctuality is absolutely indispensable,
and a long established rule has fixed a penalty providing for the immediate discharge
of any brakeman who fails to put in an appearance in time to take out his run. On
most of the roads a service of two years in
the capacity ot freight brakeman is required
before they will be recognized for promotion.
They are then given the first vacancy as conductor of the train, or the position of baggage
master. This is the routine through which
they must go to reach the position, but cases
are rare where two years' service is rewarded
by promotion. It sometimes happens that
lbe rule of " turn" is disregarded, leaving a
man by the wayside who, if nothing else
but point of years was to be considered,
woulit long ago have been ill charge of some
of the departments,
A mixed train is the nightmaie of a brake-
man's life. It is made up cf everything
from a flat to a refrigerator car, and to cross
it, even under the most favorable circumstances is like flirting with death,
the last CAU..
Take such a train out iu the open prairie
on a stormy night���a night when citizens
are in dread of being carried away by the
gale���the air filled with sleet, and blinding
snow covering everything with a glare of
ice smooth as a mirror. Imagine then, if
you car., the dangerous position of tht brake-
man. The oue short blast of the whistle
calling him to duty has sounded, and without any visible apprehension for the result,
heshoveathelanternupon his arm and starts
on the perilous trip across the cars. Now
standing, uow crawling, little by little he
makes his way forward, stopping at the end
of every car to tighten a brake until be finally reaches the engine. A moment for rest
and a chance for the warmth of the engine
to thaw out his benumbed hands and be
must return. Particles of snow sharp as
needles are dashed into his face, and blinded, half frozen, heclimbesuponeside, cross
and down, and up again until his place is
reached. When he has time he can rest and
warm himsel fin thecaboose.but this "time''
never comes to a freight brakeman until
chance promotes him, or fate relieves him,
Many a poor fellow takes up the burden
" tbis life and, in the face of these count-
u
gently through the car like a whisper from -esa dangers, buries his apprehensions
the sad sea waves. His voice ia the tber-1 t-,e -ll)))e t-,al the -uUu.p has something bet-
mometer of his spirits, and sometimes the I tef iu atore -01. ���,������,_ xhis frequently ends
oldest tourist would have to be conversant j ))V mftni onB tl.jp to0 manv-that trip
with Sanscrit to gather any information  wjlich robs him of his usefulness in this life
from the volley of sounds hurled into the
lar, Vou know you are going, you can't
tell where, and you instinctively blame
your carelessness in not having provided
yourself with a Baedecker. It is often no
iittle cause for grievance among the travel-
ing public that stations are not announced
:n an intelligible manner, but no one ever I
seems to think that it is "getting oven " |
for being " sat upon " two hours previous
when attempting to ventilate the car.
sKl.l.l.Vil TIIE SUi.fAL.
His most important duty is the attention
he must give in the opening and closing of
switches, and the coupling or uncoupling of
a car should occasion roquiresuoh work, as
1 reakemen are obliged to attend to this
after leaving the yard. Should the train
be stopped by accident or obstruction the
Death steals along the rail swilt as thought,
and, hovering over the train, waves in his
clammy hand tbe white light in the signal
call "forward." The benumbed brakeman
hastily responds, and, as he falls, sees the
white light change to the red one of death.
The shrill whistle of the engine of fate haa
sounded the call "forward," and in the re
nt' WILL ''Uil.l'Toy,
Oh, she v i- a rose halt-budded, in the intermediate aohool,
And hei face and form I studied twice us much as task or rule.
For ber eyes my eyes enlisted more than books ou any shelf,
And no lesson e'er existed so instructive aa herself,
She waa such a slender wee thing, with gold hair and modest eyes ;
But my heart with love waa seething for ihis undiscovered prize.
Oh, she was a girl io die for, but I couldn't do that, alas !
1 could only help ber cipher, aud be pony in ber class.
And my boyish mind affirmed me full of passion most divine ;
Though no doubt ray tea her termed mc as a juvenile canine.
And one icy day i offered to protect her steps from harm ;
With a bow the boon 1 proffered ; and she almost took my arm,
0 that year and month were older : for this beauty of the school
Ran, and o'er her shapely shoulder shouted softly, " April Fool I"
II.
Oh, the times we met were fewer���jealous years rushed in between j
She was six when first I knew her���but she now had grown sixteen.
All her childhood's winsome graces had been gently trained and taught;
There were ou her brow the traces of a woman's coming thought.
1 could aee her mind revolving in the realms of faith and doubt;
The great problem she was solving, what tbis world is all about.'
Hopea enough her soul must bury ; many prizes must be lost ;
But her heart was bright am! merry, as I toned out to my cost.
For I met her otice beguiling with some llowers her homeward way.
\l hen the Month of .Storms was smiling with a pleasant opening-day.
" Without words these blooms repose here," I remarked with jaunty bow ;
" If you like me, pluck this rose here, and present it to me now."
Coming toward me I dis:erned it ; then, with mauner kind, but cool,
To her bosom she returned it, softly laughing, " April Fool I"
III,
i lh, another year I found her bathed in Fashion s lurid light,
With a hundred guests around her seeking favor in her sight.
Rushing years with treasures laden, you bad nurtured in your arma
My sweet simple school-girl maiden, to this miracle of charms!
Flashing through the frescoed hallways, how the splendors decked her brow 1
She had been an angel always, but sbe was a goddess now I
And my love���could I conceal it .'���no ; without a doubt I knew
That my glances must reveal it���'twas so deathless and so true.
And I thought her heart would soften-that she pitied me tlie while;
For she looked my way quite often���once she sent a wistful smile I
So I said, deluded sinner, not remembering the date,
" I will take her down to dinner, and confirm my splendid fate."
But her arm with that was mated of a mild prosaic mule,
A small creature that I hated���and she murmured, '��� April Fool |"
IV.
Oh, 'twas just a year precisely, from the evening named above,     ���
When, more honestly than wisely, I revealed my depths ot love:
Told her how with gloom appalling was this desert world of ours",
Till hei smile upon it falling made it blossom into flowers ;
How my web of life had faded nitre and more in gloomy strands,
Till a golden thread she braided with her white and helpful hand's;
How my heart had twined about her, as the fairest of the good ;
How I could not live without her, and I would not if I could.
" Oh, I pity you," demurely she replied, with laughing tongue :
"It will be a hardship, surely, for a youth to die so young I"
Like a tiger loosed, 1 started for the mansion'.--gilded door ;'
1 was wellnigh broken-hearted ; I with luge was boiling o'er.
P.ut she stepped before me shyly in the gloomy vestibule,
Whispering, as she kissed me slyly, "Oh, you dear old April Fool I"
���[Harper's Magazine,
uaaaLau A.   uujlLi-.
Hon an EnglhliTraveler Was i-i"iii��io.:
hi Hie '.ariniiil.
He was an English clergyman very sociable and chatty and not averse to telling a,
joke, even if it were on himself. He aud
hia wife were making a tour of the States,
and, while admitting the superiority of some
things on this side of the "pond," he claimed that " English aa she is spoke" by Americans was full of traps tor the uninitiated.
" We had a book," he said, " '.vhich gave
us much desirable information about our
intended journey, including advice as to
clothing, etc., and tbe instructions ended
with these word : De sure and take a,
duster."
" So much emphasis was put on thia laat
phrase that my wife bought a piece of cloth
such as she uses for household purposes, cut
and hemmed it, and we each I ad a new duster tucked away in our baits for use over here.
We expected to use them in wiping oil'dusty
car seats or in some such way, but found all
your traveling conveyances so clean we did
not require them at all, and wondered why
ihat book so strangle advised the bringing
of dusters.
" Finally we started for Vosemite, Just
before starting on the stage ride I heard one
of the passengers say : 'Guess it's time to
put on my duster'���the first time I bad
heard the word used during my trip.
" I nudged my wife, and we watched to
see how he was going to wear a duster.
" Imagine our astonishment when be proa
ceeded to put on a linen overcoat, which he
evidently referred to when he spoke of
'duster.' We did not take out ours.but we
smiled at each other aa we thought of those
nicely hemmed squares which we had
brought way over from England to use as an
American 'duster.' "
spouse h
i has been faithful unto death.
T-'S'V E. KERT.
ELECTRICITY ON FAKA13-
ii- i-
:ia nn Agent (or Producing l'liiu-r
mill Assisting (.rii'Mh.
"Tho use of electricity in the propulsion
I of farm machinery and in the propagation
oosii-ucuou um j 0(- |Rntb��� 18 a 8U'bjec|. rooeiving .lUention
reakeman must immediately go back with , ,n -^^ cmmtl.ie8 At Rouen \ m Frenoh
nanger signals lo stop any Irani moving in
the same direction, At a point fifteen
telegraph poles from the rear of the train a
torepoac is placed on th
farther a second, and ten yards farther a, agency except fhesun. "Iii consequence of
third, and returning to the first torpedo he , thj, ��M ^ .^.: ^^ ,- htg
nustwait tor the engineer a signal recall- L^ d, the tlme,   It-,' Bald that this
mghltn. ,.,.,...        gives extra vigor to tlie plants, but the cost
Jn fine weather a run o   this kind is no 9 x ^ h       ^    ^^^   At.
imlship; but it the weather be inclement J t|,!!lp(s |lllvo ,,ee��� made ,��� France ,0 pass
conservatories   are lighted by electricity.
The gardener thinks that the plants and
,    i flowers thus lighted have a more  lively
""���e pmes; air tnan t]lose iig|Ue('t ijy ga8 or anv other
the two-mile walk, with the probability of j
having to stand at the last torpedo.  i.> all
unpleasant duty which, fortunately ior the
brakeman, does not often occur.
Passenger brakemen have little difficulty
in getting meals whileon duty, If lunches
nre not carried they arc easily procured at
some of the stations or on tho dining-car
should one be attached to the train. Most
roads allow a discount lo all employes, and
"his dues away with the necessity of carrying lunch.
TIIK FREIGHT tlKAKEMA*.*.
All this is changed when it comes to the
freight brakemen���it lacks all the luster,
with increased labor, aud longer hours,
There are no brass-buttoned uniforms for
-hem, no comfortable coaches in which to
vest nor dining-car where substantial meals | brings $1 a pound.
:an be obtained. He must take his rest sitting on the wheel of a brake and eat his
lunch in the caboose whenever opportunity
offers. There are none of those pretty patent brakos, nor carpeted aisles. A short
stick for the novice or the oaloused hands
o? the veteran serves to wind up the brake,
ind crawling coal or walking the narrow
boards at the top of a box-car ia the only
way to get through the train.
The freight brakeman reports for duty
forty-live minutes before starting on the
trip, and if necessary assists in making up
'.he train.   He must inspect tho trucks and
".lulling gear of each car, and report any
faulty action of tbe brakes to tl e engineer,
lisp.. the proper signals, assist in loading
ami union bug freight at the small stations,
and in case of accident proteot the train
from tront and rear by placing torpedoes
md fixing signals,   He is required to be on
top of the cars at least one mile before reading stations, sidings, |iinotlons, drawbridges,  railroad crossings, and coal and
water stations.   And ihis means to be out
at laait three-quarters of the time, unless
the run be through a sparsely settled district.
The salaries paid  brakemen range from
IJ to 2J oodts per mile,   This is governed
entirely by the length of the run and the
amount of labor necessary.   Some few of
tho roads pay at lhe rate of Sol) per month,
ten hours constituting a day'a work.   The
railroad companies have all adopted this
latter method of paying their brakemen ou
suburban trains.
Insurance companies put brakemen in tbo
same class as switchmen, not even making
concessions for those who hold that position on the passenger trains.   These men
have an association, however, which lakes
risks to the amount of $600, which entitles
them  to *?."> per week for the  period of
twenty-all! weeks should they be hurt. The
full amount of the  insurance becomes due
in case of total disability or death. Freight
crews arc subject to the same rules whicli
govern engineers in regard to extra ruin.
The first crew in is Iirst oul, ami it nol  lo-
frequently happaiia that thoy run into a
station, and without even an opportunity
to oat, are roqtllrod to take charge ol an
extra (ruin, which way keep them without
He concluded that the electricity had
favorable eliect in decomposing tlie salts and
other component parts ot the soil, But another scientist, who tried the seeds of
radishes, barley, wheat, mustard, and sunflowers in boxes, found that those to which
eleclric currents were applied grew later
and feebler.
A French chemist got up an iren cage which
Sundays alone, bore ripe fruit on Feb, lli,
Raspberries transplanted into the hothouse on Dec. 16 ripened March 1, and
strawberries set out at the same time bore
fruit ofa superior taste and color ou Feb.
14. Crapes of vines budding on Dec, 28
ripened on March 20, but were unusually
soar in taste. Wheat, barley, and oats
, shot up with surprising rapidity, but did
robbed the plants of the natural electricity'not ripen,   After reaching the'length of
electric currents through buckets where
seed were washed preparatory to sowing.
The purpose is to destroy microbes which
are invisible. It is claimed that the germinating power is increased by thia treatment.
In Essex, England, there is a dairy operated by electricity. It was opened a few
months ago by Mr, Hlythe, who has on his
estate a herd of 200 butter-producing
Jerseys. The dairy proper occupies the
semi-basement of the building, There are
two rooms lined from top to bottom with
marble. The lloor is marble and the root' is
panelled with marble. The building is
lighted with electricity and electric motors
run the' churns. The butter is stamped
with the name of the dairy and date ou
which it is made.   This kind of butter
At Frankfort, Germany, there is a project
under consideration to erect a plant at a
waterfall iu the vicinity of Lake Constance
to generate electricity for distribution to
neighboring farms. The intention is to use it
for thrashing, pumping, sawing wood, and
other tonus of agricultural work. "Tiie
general feeling, among practical electricians
here is that the uses of electricity aie already sufficiently varied, and ibat the
economical success ol such applications
will only I"* compromised by attempts to
apply it to other purposes wherein its utility would lie at least experimental."
At Dreaden an a; tempt was made a short
time since to use electricity for the propagation of roses,   It was abandoned aa too
expensive.
Some extensive experiments have been
conducted in Germany, and Commercial
Agent,Waahburn, at Magdeburg, tella about
them, The effect ol plate ourrenta of batteries aud of electric light have been tried
on phi"! life. Tin- remits were not very
encouraging in a practical way. Some remarkable ell'e.ts were seen 111 isolated experiments, but when anything was attempted on a large scale it did not pay.
A beet sugar field was selected. Copper
and zinc plates were sunk in the rows and
connected with wires. There was an electric current passing all summer. The same
thing was tried witli potatoes. Besides tlie
plates a battery current was applied. The
rows of beets to which the battery current was applied did not do any belter than
the rows which had no artificial electricity,
liut the rows where the zluo and copper
plates had been sunk and connected began
to show a healthier and fresher appearance
in about ten days. This continued as long
us the beet tops were growing. The crop
where the battery current was applied was
no better than the general crop. The rows
where the zinc and copper plates were sunk
gave 18 per cent, increase in heels and 24
per rent, increase in potatoes. There was
no difference in the quality, however.
Another scientist, tried the effect of electricity on lhe germinating period. He
found tlierc was a difference ot from six to
eight days in favor of the seeds where electricity was applied. Furthermore, the
plants had a quicker and healthier growth.
in Ihe air ami soil, These plants were very
backward as compared with those which wore
allowed tlie benefit of tiie natural forces.
A series of experiments by Siemens on
the effects of electric light were more marked. Oneelectric light wm put outside ofa
a glass house and was allowed to diffuse its
rays upon the plants through a transparent
shade. The other was put inside a glass
house and was given a reflector which
threw the rays directly on the plants. The
experiments were kept up from October
to May. Every evening, except Sunday,
the electric light was turned and kept going
until daylight. Vegetables and .'lowers
were planted and observations taken. It
was soon discovered thatthe influence of
the outside light was beneficial, while the
plants under the rays of the naked light
showed a wilted appearance.
Suspecting that combustible products of
tlie light might exercise a dwarfing influence
the experimenter sought to remove this
difficulty. By the help of an engine, which
also pumped in currents of fresh air, clouds
of steam were introduced into the hothouse
between tbe plants and light, This device proved to be a stop in the right direction, though it became eventually necessary
to provide the lamp with *, shade. This
last served at once a double purpose,viz.: It
diverted the combustible products and supplied a shade between the plants and light,
It was most instructive to watch the workings of the last-mentioned contrivance. 11
the shade was so placed as te protect only
a part of the plants the line of demarcation
bowed itself very plainly on the leaves-
about i-j inches they began to wither and
die. More favorable were the results of lhe
attempt with the same grains and the light
in the open air. The sowing took place on
Jan. 0, but tbe germination was slow by
reason of the snow and frost. With the
advent of milder weather, however, a rapid
growth took place and the fruit ripened at
thc end of June. That plants grown under
the influence of electric light bring forth
fruit whicli can be successfully used for
seed purposes was demonstrated by an experiment with peas. Peas gathered on Feb.
16 were plained on Feb. 18, They germinated a few days later, and were healthy
in appearance.
MALA VITA TERRORISM-
Violence ul lhe Tiiaii.r Two Hundred
Criminals In Tnranto.
The recent trial of Mala Vita criminals
in Taranto, Italy, was the most comprehensive legal process yet instituted against
Italian bandits. Tho prisoners were 200
members of tiie Mala Vita, who for years
had murdered and robbed with impunity
iu and around Taranto. Daily during the
trial 10,000 persons, mostly friends or relatives of the criminals, filled and surrounded
the building in which the proceedings were.
Repeated efforts were made by the crowd
to storm the building and rescue the prisoners, but two companies of soldiers and a,
policemen, armed with rilles and pistols,
drove back Hie mob every time after a hard
struggle.
All the prisoners behaved with remarkable indifference to con sequences. Tbey frequently curred the Court and the Government, revile,! the witnesses, and threatened death to all instrumental in convicting
them. In all the 200 there were but two men
above the lowest level of illiterate cutthroats. These two were the Chief, Agre-
tills Ramirez, who threatened to murder
the whole court in cas e of his conviction,
and Francois Miccoli, the bookkeeper of
the Mala Vita, who tried to win back llis
liberty by feigning penitence. Both of
these men were handsomely dressed, and
gave every evidence of education and refinement.
The open threatening in and out of court
apparently had the desired effect upon the
Judges for they sentenced Ramirez and
Miccoli to but six years' imprisonment each,
and tbe other 108 to imprisonment for one,
two, or three years each.
Amphibious Kanaka rlojs.
For amphibious humanity commend me
to the Kanaka boy. It seems as if he took
to the ocean as soon as his awadliug
olotbes wcre removed, and many a copper-
colored son of a subject ot Hawaii can
swim almost before he can toddle about.
Steamer day is a great event for these
youths. Long before the vessel from
'Frisco, Australia, or China is moored at
the dock little dots of black are observable
on the surface of the blue water, whicli,
upon near approach, are seen to be tufts of
hair with rolling white eyeballs underneath,
A passenger throws a coin over the side,
the heads disappear: but the boysdonotdive
as those in other lands or waters do ; they
sink like lead. With knees drawn up they
hop in thc ocean, their object beine to get
beneath tho coin and seize il in their hands
even after a single night.   Those plants atlas it descends.    Of course, when there is
a distance of from nine to ten feet from the
naked light were distinctly wilted, while
only one coin thrown for a number of lads
tho scramble is more lively, and f.'equontly
those under the shade of a tiiin glass pre-  the piece of silver is not captured until il
reaches bottom.   Until every pas-enger has
ft the steamer the urchins remain by its
ented a healthy appearance. This line of
difference oould even be detected ou single
leaves. Voung stalks allowed the injurious
effect ofnaked light at a distance of twenty
feet.
Here was clearly aquoationof the abaorp-
tion of certain kinds of rays through glass.
A�� electric light is rich in invisible, frangible rays which are capable of being mostly absorbed through shaded (jloSS, Siemens
concluded lhat these rays woro ospeolally
destructive to the cells, Te ascertuiii this
more aoouratoly an experiment was undertaken, The soli of a hothouse was sown
wiih plants of quiokgrowth md in parcels
at equal distance from the lig'it. The lii'-l
par a-1 was exposed to the naked, the second
was covered with thin glass, the third with
yellow glass, the fourth and fifth with red
and blue, respectively. The growth wits
carefully observed daily, and tlle following
fads reported;
The plants under the thin glass showed a
strong and healthy appearance. Next camo
the plants under the yellow glass, although
the color and thickness of the stalk suffered
considerable by contrast. The plants under
the red gluss had a feeble growth and yellow leaves, and those under llie blue glass
were slill moro sickly. Finally, the plants
of the exposed parcel ��howcd a stunted
growth, with leaves very dark and partly
wilted. Throughout tho entire experiment
care was taken to provide (luring the day
a suffused daylight and a sullicient air circulation,
side.   And so on sailin;
the craft al least half a mile from the hock,
some of the lads not returning to land until bonis after they went into the ocean,
It is said that these youths remain six
and seven hours at a lime in the water.
Between spells of swimming they Boat
around, resting as comfortably aa if sunning I heniselves upon Ihe dock, and itis
even asserted that a Kanaka boy has been
seen Inking a nap while thus lying in tlie
cradle oi the deep.
1 have seen boys diving at St. Thomas, at
the Bermudaa, and in llraz.il, but they cannot equal these lads iu Honolulu harbor.
On Washington's Milt Inlay aqueous sports
were in order for the sailors on the different
men-of-war. Ono of the events was a half
mile swimming race. Long before the
start a half dozen Kanaka boys were sporting around iu the water beside the boat
where lhe sailors were to take their dive.
Hard work did those men-of-war's men
make of their sl niggle, but the little youths
swam all around them, diving beneath the
contestants, darting ahead, then dropping
behind, only to come up again and grin
from ear to ear at the men, who were blowing and snorting like grampuses. At the
finish one sailer wiib so exhausted that
three men hail lo haul bim aboard the stake
boat, but the .Kanaka lads took au extra
turn around the Mohican and then paddled
to shore,
PEARLS OF TRUTH.
No one can find rest who avoids toil,
The true spirit of enquiry is a prayer foe
light.
Hope has been styled the poor man's
bread.
Family life may be full cf thorns and
cares Out they are fruitful.
The instances oi  longevity   are chiefly
among the abstemious.
' Good thoughts are true wed'ii. They are
gems that always shine.
He who knows only hia own side of the
case knows little of that.
Fight the temptation found in the line of
duty, but run away from all other.-.,
No great characters are formed in this
world without suffering and self-denial.
In every action reflect upon the end : and
in your undertaking it, consider why you
do it.
Ambition ia as necessary to the growth of
genius as sunlight to the growth of com.
We are responsible for all the evils that
exist in our midst, In proportion to our
power to remove them.
Dirt has been wisely called " good matter In the wrong place." So sin is but the
II us- of good things.
The aame furnace thai ll irdenaclay lique-
dny they follow I flea gold, and i.i the strong manifestations
of divine power Pharaoh found hia punishment, an i David his pardon
It h th, Itindly-diapoaitioned men who
un- ilo- ictive ii en of the world, while tho
selfish and the sceptical, who have no lovo
butfor themaelvi i, are its idlers.
The difference between nonaenaa not
worth talking and nonaenaa worth it, is
simply this : The former is the result of a
wnnt of idea-, the latter is a superabundance of their.
Uv a natural process ol elimination
.Siemens next turned bis attention to expert- A? the ear is a very delicate organ, l
mooting with a lamp with a thin glass ahould be treated with great oautlon, About
shade. He noted that peas sown al the ond I the only safe way to wash it is with water
of October, under the Influence of lho i mid only as far as a towel wrapped aroi'nd
electric light,  discontinued, as before, on  the linger can reach.
The Awful Lonellaeaa of the Plains
Mid-ocean is not more lonesome ihan the
plains; nor night so gloomy as that dumb
sunlighl. ll h barren of Bound. The
brown grass la knee-deep���and even that
trill" gives a shock, in this hoof-obliterated
land. The bands of antelope that drift,
like cloud shadows, across the dun landscaoe
suggest less of life than of the supernatural.
Tho spell of the plaina is a wondrous thing.
At first it fascinates. Then it bewilders.
At last, it crushes. It is sure us the grave
���and worse. It is intangible but resistless; stronger than hope, reason, will-
stronger than humanity. When one cannot otherwise escape the plains, one takes
refuge in madness.
Every day has as much to do with the
harvest as the reaping time,
The growth of tbe Argentine republic in
the past thirty years has been remarkable.
According to recent statistics, the population is now i,000,000, aa against 1,350,000
iu 1801, WANTED,
SALESMEN, looal and travelling,
to represent our well-known houso.
You need no wipitul to represent n
firm that warrants nursery Block ftrst-
cliiss und true to name. Work all the
your; $100 per month to the right
man.���Apply quiok, stating age, to
L. L. Mavk Co.,Nurserymen, Floiiite
und Seedsmen, St. Paul, Miuu, This
bouse is responsible.
NOTICE.
WE, the undersigned 'Bus-owners
of Revelstoko, will, on und nfter MONDAY, April llth, positively uot curry
any party or person (except guests
arriving or departing from hotels)
without l oharge being mude therefor.   (Signed)
W. COWAN,
ABRAHAMSON BROS,
BROWN k CLARK.
Revelstoke, April 6th, 181)3.
ESTABLISHED 1877.
MAIN HOUSE,
200 to 212 FIRST AVE. NORTH,
MINNEAPOLIS, MINN.
NOTICE
The Licensing Board will sit at the
'Courthouse, Revelstoke, on Tnuitsiuv
June 15th, 1893.
Revelstoke, April 20th, 1893.
BRANCHES:
DEALERS AND EXPORTERS.
COUNTRY AND PACKER
PROPRIETORS OF THU
WiT!nl9*n      CHICAGO, ILL. ST. LOUIS, MO. *m Salled B1DES-
sneepsKin       1374135:^21. sou 303s.1iair.st.   Calfskins, Dry Hides,
exporters of   Tannery.     HELENA, MONT. Pelts, Furs, Wool,
FINE NORTHERN FURS. ' Tallow, Grease, Deerskins,
REFERENCES BY PERMISSION.
Ginseng & Seneca Root.
Siourity Bank OP Minn..MlNNEapoug, Minn.
Ft. Dearbohn NaT.BaNK.CmoaQO, |u.
MoNTana NariONaL Bank, HaLlNa, Mont.
First NaTiONaL BaNK, Qriat Faut, Mont.
Firct NaTioNAL BaNK, SpoKaNiF.aa.WaaH.
Nat. BaNKOpCoMMBROt.Sr. Louis,      Mo.
Liberal Advances Made on Shipments Aaalnst
Original Billot Lading.
Shipments Solicited.   Write for Circulars.
Shippers from Mils stiitu Correspond with auilCoQ.
slirii to Miuu- ii-iuliB House.
What's in a name?
"A Eose by any other name will smell as sweet."
NOTICE
A SITTING OP THE COUNTY
COURT will be holden at Revelstoke
on Tuesday, the 23rd day of May,
1893.
J. KIRKUP,
Registrar.
Revelstoke, April llth, 1893.
Tenders for a License to cut
Timber on Dominion Lands
in tlie Province of British
Columbia.
SEALED TENDERS, addressed
to the undersigned and marked
on the envelope "Tender lor Timber
Berth 118, to be opened on the 5th
of June, 1893," will be received at
tbis Department until noon on Monday, the 5 th of June next, for a
license to cut, timber on Berth 118,
described ns follows:���Commencing
at the intersection of the northerly
boundary of Timber Berth 115, on the
easterly side of the Columbia River,
south of Revelstoke, theuce np tho
river three miles iu direct distance,
and extending easterly baok from the
river three miles, measured at right
angles with the general bearing of tlm
river within tho berth ; tho southerly
boundary thereof to be the northerly
boundary of said Timber Berth 115,
and containing au area of nine square
miles, mow or less.
The regulations under which a license will be issued may be obtained
at this Department, or at the office of
tbe Crown Timber Agent at New
Westminster.
Each tender must be accompanied
by an accepted cheque on a ohartered
Bunk, iu favour of the Deputy of the
Minister of the luterior.for the amount
of the bonus which the applicant is
prepared to pay for a license.
No tender by telegraph will lie entertained.
JOHN R. HALL,
Secretary.
Depurtmeut of the Interior,
Ottawa, llth April, 1893.
MAIL  CONTRACTS.
QEALEDTENDERSaddrensedl
^   to iln' PoBtmaster - liencm!'
will be recehed at Ottawa until nmn j
mi  Friday, tbe  19th  May. fur the ,
oonveyance nf tbe mails mi proposed
,1 nl   iota fur fonr years in each case,
between
ALKALI LAKE k CLINTON
BLUE -SPRING.*; & VERNON
and
C0M0X -v GRATHAM
ami, nntil n 1 on Pridny, tho 2f)th
Mav. fur the ConVB' linoe 'if 111" mails:
between 1101.DEN'& ST. EUGENE
MIMSI0N, ail from 1st July next.
I 'rin! <-< 1 notices containing further
information as to conditions nf proposed contracts may bo seen, ami
blank forms of tender may l��> obtained at. the post-offices mentioned,
as well as at the post-olfloes nf Big
Bar Creek, Dog Croek, While Vmley,
Galena, Windermere. Port Steele ami
Fairmont Springs, and al ihis offloo,
F��� II. FLETOHEB,
Post ollice Inspector.
Post nllice tnspeotor's Ollice, Vic
torin, I'i.C, 11 Isl, March, 1898,
[Upans'l o<- lo whii constipation. 1
Rffpann Tabules ouro oolio.
Yet there is something in a name. We see in commerce, long after the
excellence of an article has ceased to be exceptional, the idea lingering on
tbat there still remains the superiority which at one time drew fame.
There are many brands of Flour now in the market which are entitled to
rank of tbe first quality, and the
HUNGARIAN PATENT
SOLD   BY   ROBSON
IS ONE OF THEM.
Having placed in the bands of tbe people of Revelstoke a first-class
Flour at a reduced price, be looks for an appreciative patronage.
Always get Robson's prices, and when found lowest act fairly and buy from
bim.
T. L. HAIG,
NOTARY PUBLIC : REVELSTOKE, B. C.
Mining and Real Estate Broker and General
Commission Agent
FIRE, LIFE & ACCIDENT INSURANCE.
CONVEYANCING:   RENTS & ACCOUNTS COLLECTED,
MINING CLAIMS Bought and Sold,
REPRESENTATIVE OP THE KOOTENAY SMELTING AND
TRADING SYNDICATE.
agent for TROUT LAKE CUT, KASLO CiTY, NAKUSP & other
TOWNS1TES.
v LARDEAU V
I- situated at tlio bead of tlie North-East Arm of Upper
Arrow Lake. It is f lie easiest point from which to enter the
remarkably rich mines of the Lardeau ami Fish Creek Dis-
tricts, It will have the advantage of both rail and steam.
boat lines. The C.P.R. will begin the building of a line from
Revelstoke to the N.B. Arm of Arrow Lake as soon as the
weather will permit. LARDEAU is at the head of navigation on this Arm, and will lie the terminus of steamers and
that of tlie Lardeau & Kootenny Railway. There is no
question that the Rich Mining Districts which are tributary
to LARDEAU will attract thousands of Prospectors and
Capitalists during the present season, and that a large town
������ill grow up at that point. The history of Kaslo will he
repeated at LARDEAU tbi*- year,and Investors in Kootenay
property should study the situation. Kaslo, in many in-
stances, has already repaid from .">((() to 1,000 per cont. to
Investors.
The wisdom of an investment in LARDEAU is
wuhovt qui-istion.
For further particulars, prices and terms, apply to any of tlm nnder-
uigned,
ROBERT [RVJNG.TroBtee, Broad Street, Wctorin,
HENRY CROFT, Oolonisi Building, Govern ment Street, Viotoria.
DOCK,AS & (;()., 139 Cordova Street, Vanoonver.
GREEN, RICHARDSON & CO., 57 Jameeon Building, Spokane.
It. II.  I.KM, IM..S., K Ull.OOI-S.
A.  Mo NEIL,
BABBEB BHOP& BATHBOOMB,
Front Btroet,
REVELSTOKE,  B.C.
GARDEN  PLANTS.
Don't order yonr (Iaiiukn Plants
Vet.   Wait uml boo Williamson.
New Spring Goods.
We are showing a complete range of Men's, Lailies', Misses' anil Children'-/*
Boots and Shoes, and our
Prints have arrived.
Also a large stook of Cottons, Muslins, Dress Goods, Laces, and Trimmings,.,
Art MnsliuB, Cbambniys, Carpets, Matting aud Art Squares;
OUR
Millinery
Tbis Spring is tbe best and most varied stock ever sib6*rn here, and bnrr
prices tbe lowest over offered.
H. N. COURSIER.
BOURNE BROS,
GENERAL MERCHANTS;
Revelstoke, New Denver
and Nakusp.
DEALERS    IN
DRY GOODS, PROVISIONS!
MINERS' SUPPLIES,
Harness,
FI.0UR, OATS, SHORTS AND AM. KINDS OF FEED.
LOOKS, WINDOWS, BLINDS, PAINTS, OILS, VARNISHES,
WALL PAPER, Etfi.
Giant Powder kept in stock at New Denver anil
Nakusp.
Messrs. C. B. Hume & Co.,,
Revelstoke Station,
GROCERIES
PHOV1SIONS
BOOTS & SHOES
FLOUR
FEED & OATS
AMMUNITION
HARDWARE
CLOTHING
MINERS' TOOLS 1
Consignment of Butter and Eggs received every week.
MINERS' AND HUNTERS' SUPPLIES.
ALL KINDS  OF   FURS BOUGHT  AND  SOLD.
Railway Men's Requisites.
GOODS LOADED ON CAB AND STEAMBOAT FEEE OF CHAHGE.
Furniture & Undertaking.
R.  HOWSON,
Has a large Stock oi' Household Furniture, Coffins. Caskets,
Shrouds, &c.
REVELSTOKE,    B.C. A Pair of Old. Shoaa-
When the curtains are drawn and tho baby's
asleep,
And the olilor boy dreams en his couch up
the stair,
While tbe clouds and the moonbeams are playing bo-peep,
Then a truoetothc day's wearystruggle with
care;
And welcome, tried friend, sturdy ?oc to the
blues.
True comforter,   welcome, dear easy   old
shoes!
Though two. ye are one, 0 moil matchless ol
twins!
And oft, thrust in satchel,'have traveled
afar,
When, condemned lo do penance for earlier
sins,
The poor feet have ached in the rich palace
car;
How blissful the moment, when reckless to
choose,
Thc pilgrim in torture drew forth the old
shoes!
Ye were now Ion? ago, ami in dignified state,
All glossy and spotless, closo fitting and
trig.
No mortal had ventured to presage your tate,
Loose-jointed, and jolly, and hopelessly big;
Yet never till now a blithe theme for the
muse.
0 beautiful, lovable pair of old shoos 1
Though business may vex with its tips and Its
downs.
Though ships may dclayand though bill* bc
postponed,
Still man, lei his home bein Holds or in towns,
Finds often a wearisome trouble condoned.
When, easy chair waiting, life's rose-tinted
hues
Return with the advent of homely old shoes.
Come, wife, drop tho mending, and sit by my
side.
Let us build us a castle, my sweet one. in
Spain,
For our love grows the stronger, whatever^be-
tide.
And wo are together, for sunshine or rain-
And somehow the glamour 'twere ruin to lose
Comes back-, whon I reaoh for those easy old
shoes.
-[Margaret E, Sangster,
Courtesy to Children-
Unconsciously, perhaps, we take a bit of
honest pride unto ourselves in practicing
with exact nicety all the little and big cour
tesies that go to make up refined living. It
is natural and pleasant to us and not at all
a dutj. It may be we even deny ourselves
the brusquenessand "camradrie" admissible
between ourselves and our intimate friends,
because they are incompatible with our ideal
of true refinement. Such a thing as rudeness
to any living soul sends well-bred ihudders
up and down our proper spinal columns���
and, though we are willing to confess ourselves mortal, we are far from willing to
admit that wc ever wittingly forget our
"manners1'! If any bold individual, then,
were to intimate that we were not always
courteous to our little men and women in
the home-nursery���what then ? Not polite
to our owu children���our babies! Well,
maybe it would take all our Christian
strength to be polite to lhat " bold individual" after that I Suppose we do not call
it lack of courtesy to the wee ones-we will
give it a gentler name than that, and so
"let ourselves down1' more easily.
I believe it is true that we too often use
up our courteous words and manners among
our grown-up friends���those older than we
and altogether deserving of civility and respect and those with'whom we mingle more
intimately. We seem to have so much use
for our polite stores abroad, and, really, ao
little need of them at home in the rush and
business ot hum-drum life. It takes so
much more time to say, "please Johnnie
bring the scissors to mamma" titan it does
to say "Johnnie ! bring me the scissors!" I
Besides they ate ours���the babies, Ood
bless them, They belong to us���we have a
perfect right to say to Emily, "Uo," and
ahegoeth, and to Jane, "Come," and she
eometh. And we get so used to sending the
little trudgers hither aud yon for us, all day
long, with scarcely ever a word of thanks
or a gentle "If you please, dear,"
If we wore to begin this way, aud when
the scissors are needed, were to say, " Want
to do an errand for mamma, little lady'.'
Will you please run for mamma's scissors'.''1
and when thc scissors were brought, if we
were to say, "Thank you, dear" or " Vou
are kind to mamma''���well, I think we
should see our reward for the bit of unusual courtesy in the little- lady's own blue
eyes. How pleased and "grown-up'1 she
would feel'.
Let the wee errand-goers feel that they
are conferring a little favor on mamma, not
loing something because they've "got to.",
Let it be a delight to them to feel that they |
are helping and you will see how willing
the little feet arc lo run, and how glad the
little faces look. I know about it, you see,
for there is a little face that laughs up into
my face a dozen times a day���"helping
mamma." When her bit ladyship was very
small it was one of her great joys and privileges to "he'p kee up " after baby's bath,
and the soap and the powder were carried
safely and proudly to their places���and then
would come the coveted " thank you " or,
maybe, the " mamma's little helper" that
would fill the little cup of joy brimming
full.
Why should wc not say "please "and
" thank you" to the children ? Their tiny
rights and prerogatives are just as important as our big ones. Indeed,there is more
need of remembering them, for the littic
folks cannot stand up for their tights as we
can, and there is thc need of our doing it for
them. We are constantly hearing mothers
and fathers "ordering" their children about.
Shameful! we think, and then why do we
not fall to wondering if we may not be
doing the same thing in our own peculiar
fashion and in greater or less degree'.' We
never dream we are ordering about the
little men and women���but are we not after
all? Anyway it can do us no harm to take
heed unto our way���put on our glasses
awhile and look closely into all the corners
and crevices.
Make Housekeepers Of Tour Daughters
If you wish them to make good wives.
Silly mothers mako bad instructresses of
their daughters, nnd there nre few things
more deplorable than the bride, who on
settling down in her new home is utterly
helpless either lo manage her houso or servants. Then arise the iirst signs of discontent on the part of the husband, who uatur-
ally has a very good right to expect the
girl he marries is lit for the position she has
undertaken. 1 really cannot holp feeling
sorry fur a man thus disillusioned. What
a look-out fur the rest of his married life lo
have BO very incapable a helpmeel, for say
what you will a man's aflootlon is reached,
and kept, mainly through his creature win
ner daughter how to order and choose meat,
fish, poultry, vegetables���and, in fact, all
thc necessaries of daily life. The girl *ill
be taught how to keep the household accounts, and to pay the tradesmen's bills; to
have the meals properly cooked and
seat in, and, if necessary, to teach the cook
how to manage this, It is a proud position
for a girl to be set at the head of affairs,
and she should realise her responsibilities.
Her eye must be also on the appearance of
her rooms as well as on the look of herself
and her costume. Each department in the
house must be thoroughly well done, and
if adequate wages are given to the servants
and a comfortable home provided, there is
no reasou why this should no: occur. I
have heard a girl say before now,
" I wiil never marry a man who cannot
keep me well." Certainly no man has the
right to bring the girl he loves into a poorer
or harder condition of life than tint to which
she has been accostumed. But on the girl's
side this does not mean that she is to sit in a
smart frock doing nothing all day but a little
uselessfancy work.whils'.she leaves herhus-
band's comfort inhouseand table tosome low-
class servant. By many girls whose mothers
have put a wrong estimation of social position beforethemthisstyle of thing isconsider-
ed the sign of being a lady. Unfortunately, it is so far from the true state of the case
that it is only underbred, not to 3ay vulgar,
people who would think so, and quite a sign
of the very opposite extreme. Thoroughbred women of the present day are notably
practical, and have too much common sense
shown in their education not to be able to
turn their hand, if need be, to anything, without in the very least detracting
from their position. Therefore, in dealing
with servants, for instance, you having
taught your daughter the common rules of
health as applied to herself, show her also
how to take charge of those under her care
and to give every consideration for their,
comfort and well-being, a kindness and
thoughtfulness that none but the vulgar
and presuming would ridicule or impose
upon.
flow Es-a-j May be Serod.
In these early spring days the housekeeper puts much dependence upon eggs as food,
and by a fine economy of nature it is at this
season that they are freshest and most
abundant. Some chosen receipts to vary
their serving will, therefore, have special
interest:
Poached eggs are the most delicate of the
simpler methods of serving eggs. A deep
saucepan should be used and the water
should reach the boiling point before the
egg is carefully dropped in. Some cooks
squeeze not more than two or three drops of
lemon juice into the water and always use
a teaspoonful of salt. A full minute should
poach the egg sufficiently, when it is lifted out
with the fia.mmer and laid upon the square
of toast already prepared on a hot platter,
Some of the best chefs claim that the poaching pan, to do half a dozen etigs at once,
does not insure the same perfection to each
as when they are done separately, Eggs
may be poached in an almost perfect sphere
by giving to the water a rapid rotary
motion with a spoon or fork and dropping
the egg in the heart of the whirlpool thus
formed.
Fried eggs done in olive oil will be found
more delicate than where lard or butter is
used. The oil should be of the best quality,
and very little suffices. Two tablespoonfuls
will fry four eggs; heat the oil thoroughly
and drop the eggs in very carefully. Contrary to the accepted idea, the best authorities advise turning a fried egg. Cook not
more than twenty seconds on one side, then
deftly turn with a pancake turner and cook
the same length of time on the other side.
Serve on a folded napkin on a hot platter
garnished with a bit of water cress.
Stuffed eggs with sardines is an appetizing luncheon dish. Boil three eggs till hard,
shell them, cut in halves, and remove the
yoll'3 carefully ; put them in a mortar with
three or four sardines drained from the oil,
skinned, and the centre bones removed, a
little butter and a dust of red pepper;
pound till smooth ; refill the whites with the
mixture, cut off the tips so that they will
stand firm, and serve each on a diamond of
fried or toasted bread.
The secret of scrambled eggs is not to
beat them before cooking, to have a hot
skillet, and to take them off while they are
yet very soft; they cook a half minute after
they are taken off, which many cooks do
uot allow for. A dash of lemon juice just
as they are going to the table in a hot dish
is an addition.
Eggs in cups���Butter some small china
cups, and sprinkle them with chopped
parsley. Put in each a teaspoonful of
browned butter and a little chopped mushroom. Break in a fresh egg, sprinkle with
more mushroom, and a trifle more of the.
browned butter, and cook in the oven or on
the range until done. Butter may be
browned by putting a piece the size ofa
large walnut in a clean skillet and letting
it heat till it takes on a brown color. A
dash of lemon juice preserves it, and it may
be used as required,
Egg balls are a dainty luncheon dish and
not so much trouble as the receipt is long.
Pound the yolks of four hard-boiled eggs
with a piece ot butter the si/e of a walnut,
a pinoh of ptpper, salt, and curry powder.
Divide into six portions and shape into
round cakes or pats about tlie size of a
twenty-five-cent piece, but thicker, In the
centre of each stand an olive, and serve
garnished with water cress, To add to the
flavor of the dish the olives may be prepared as follows: Remove the stones and fill
with a bit of pounded anchovy, putting a
caper on the top. Half an hour before they
will bo required stand them in a small dish
and cover with salad oil mixed with a little
lemon juice. Let them drain a moment on
paper before they are put on the egg pats.
If the stoned olives are used thia marinading
is au improvement. These egg balls make
an appetizing luncheon course, sent round
with toast in golden-brown slices and butter.
Omelet with vegetables is a change from
the usual list. Several kinds of ccoked
vegetables���peas, beeis.carrots, asparagus-
are mixed, the large ones being first cul
into dice, aud stirred lightly with the eggs
after they are beaten, The omelet is then
mado in the usual way, and served resting
ou a layer ol the vegetables saved out for
that purpose.
Tried fieceipta
Baked Spring Lamb.���Wipe a quarter
ol lamb with a damp towel,put in a baking
pan aud dredge with pepper and salt, add a
and baite every ten minutes; let cook fifteen minutes to every pound ; serve with
mint sauce.
^ Mint Sauce.���Chop a bunch of fresh min'
fine, mix with a tablespoonful of sugar, a
pinch of aalt and pepper, rub well together,
and add half a cupful of vinegar, with a
squeeze of lemon juice.
Lettuce Salad.���Wash and shake dry
two large heads of lettuce, pull apart, put in
a salad-bowl and pour over a teacupful of
plain salad-dressing.
Asparagus.���Wash two bunches of asparagus, put in a saucepan, cover with
boiling water, add a teaspoonful ol salt, and
let cook until tender : take up, drain, put
in a heated dish, and pour over melted
butter.
Macaroni.���Break half a pound of macaroni into small pieces, put in a saucepan
and cover well with water; fide) a teaspoonful of salt, let boil rapidly for half an hour,
drain, put back in the kettle, add a pint of
soup stock ; rub a tablesponful of butter
and two of flour together, put in the macaroni and stir until thick.
Potato Pie.���Boil four large potatoes
until done, rub through a sieve ; to a pint
of the mashed potatoes add two tablepoou-
fuls of butter, a teacupful of sugar, two
pints of sweet milk and a teaspoonful of extract of lemon ; line pic-pans with puff paste,
fill with the mixture and bake.
Tea Cakes.��� Beat the yolks of six eggs,
add one pound of sugar, half a pound of
butter, one pound of flour, two teaspoonfuls
baking-powder, with sweet milk to make
soft dough : roll thin, cut in small cakes
and bake in a very quick oven. Make icing
of the beaten whites of three eggs, a large
teacupful of sugar and two teaspoonfuls of
extract of cinnamon; spread over the tops
of the tea-cakes, and set in a cool, dry place
to harden.
Cornstarch Cake, Ko. 1. ���Four eggs, one-
half cupful of milk, one-half cupful of butter, one cupful of sugar, one and one-half
cupfulsof Hour,one-half cupful of cornstarch,
two teaspoonfuls of baking powder.
Cornstarch Cake, No, 2.���Whites of six
eggs (well beaten) one and one-half cupfuls
of sugar, the same of flour, one-half cupful
of cornstarch, one-third cupful of butter,
one-third cupful of milk, one and one-half
teaspoonfuls of baking powder.
Berry Cake.���One pint of flour, one cupful of sugar, one egg, one and one-half teaspoonfuls of baking powder, butter the size
of an egg, salt, one-half pint of blueberries,
made scft with milk, about one cupful,
The New British Coinage-
A new set of gold and silver pieces is to
be coined at the Royal Mint, to be issued as
lawful money current in the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland, and as
soon as the proclamation is fully published
in the colonies the use of the old patterns
at the mints will cease. The'authorities in
charge of British coinage have evidently
decided that the art of engraving is not
what it was in the days of fine gems and
cameos; and, at all events, coins cannot be
as artistic a3 medals, aince coins must admit
of piling, and are limited, therefore, to salient figures with alow relief.
For the first time since the act of 1S70 the
Queen exercises her authority to place upon
the coinage indicating that she is Empress
ot Iudia. The inscription will read, " Victoria Dei Gra. Britt. Regina Fid, Def. Ind.
Imp," The addition of the last two words,
: the abbreviation of "Indorumlmperatrix,"
is entirely new. The value of each coin is
I plainly designated in English, The reverse
j of the new florin bears three shields instead
i of four, one each for EnglauJ, Scotland and
I Ireland, On the present coin England has
two of the four shields. Two scepters, in-
I stead of four, arc retained, and the emb!eni3
j ���rose, thistle and shamrock���which had
] disappeared from the 1887 iiorin, are restored. The ornamentation of the 2-shilling
j piece is still florid, the public having become
I accustomed to the pieee, ami the shilling re-
| sembles it more than formerly. The double
i florin, or 2-shilling piece, which was one of
the jubilee coins, has proved a failure, and
will be dropped, As cases are on record
where new farthings have been accepted as
gold coins, the use of St. (Ieorge will be
limited to the gold coins.
One feature common to all the coins.from
the ��3 gold piece to the silver Maundy
penny, is the absolute identity, though on a
different scale, of the Queen's head on the
obverse side. The crown so much criticized
on the old coins has disappeared. In place
of it the Queen wears a state tiara of diamonds, which covers the front part of the
! head only, and from it flows a gracefully
I draped veil. Tlie ornaments are the Garter
! star.apeat-droppearlearr-iiigandadiamoud
| necklace. Tlicre is a strong resemblance
I to the head on several medals and on cer-
j tain colonial coins.
In these days the artist supplies only the
i plaster cast of coin, and from this model a
working cast is finished. Next an electro
deposit is obtained, and tlie plate goes
through a delicately constructed reducing
lathe. By means of this apparatus an accurately reduced copy of the model ia made,
a pointer, or index finger, attached to a
very sensitive lever traveling over the plate,
while a cutting tool, acting in perfect accord, reproduces, on a smaller icale,the design upon the surface of a steel punch. The
punch serves in turn to impress a matrix,
and the matrix to mold, under great pressure, the die with which the coins arc
struck. At every stage of thia operation
the artists are requited to retouch the design.
A SAVING MANIAC
Midi 1< the lonilllii.ii of Blrhard Sly, Hhot
Throngli lhc Brain.
A JackBon, Mich., despatch says:���
Richard Sly, who was shot through the
brain by Charles Brown, now occupies a cell
at the county jail, a raving maniac. When
Sly first went to the hospital after tho shoot-
it was supposed he would soon die from the
effects of the wound in his skull, but hc
gradually improved until it was intended to
discharge him some time this week. The
last day or two the attending physician has
noticed signs of insanity, and Sly has been
closely watched. This attention ho became
entirely unmanageable at the hospital, The
matron communicated with Sheriff Peck in
regard to the disposition to bs made of the
maniac. The sheriff subsequently went to
the hospital and removed Sly to a coll at
the county jail, where he will be kopt for a
day or ao until he can be sent to an asylum
rxiv-run m iiu&HK JJt,L JfUiiliO
A Race Thai Is Behind lbe Times. Except
In l.niigniigt'.
In maps of the seventieth century there
were sometimes written across the islands
known asTierra Del Fuego the words "Cau-
daii homines hie," which means something
like "men here have tails," and the belief
that the Fuegians are monsters haa not
passed away altogether. Travelers have
vied with each other in crying down the
islanders, but I). R. O'Sullivan has been
more successful in heaping abuac on that
people than hia predecessors,because he haa
had better opportunity for studying them,
and hia scorn was so sincere that he exclaimed, after repeated efforts had been
made by the savages to replenish their
larders with the bodies of O'Sullivan and
hia companions, "Since I have come to know-
about the true conditions and circumstances
of these wretched Fuegians, I cannot
find it in my heart to condemn them
for trying to get a little 'long pig.'"
Mr. O'Sullivans party was cast upon one
of thc larger islands anil forced to remain
for three months, during which time the
white men suffered much from hunger and
cold, although the attacks of thu natives
were easily repulsed. O'Sullivan has studied theformation, flora, and fauna of the islands, but what hc says about thc poople is
perhaps of most general interest, The
men average a trifle over 5 feet iu height.
Their bodies are far larger that the size of
the head and limbs warrant. As they have
almost.no clothing, they pass much time
bending over fires, and thus, acquire a stoop,
which increases with years. For the same
reason diseases of the eye arc disgustingly
common. The people know nothing of agriculture, and are, the writer says, still in
the stone age. Fish hooks are unknown ;
the line is fastened around the bait, and
the art is carried on in this fashion :
" The fisherwoman leans over the side of
the oanoe and watches until the fish has got
a firm hold of the bait. Then, before it has
time to loosen its teeth from the tough morsel, she jerks it clear out of the water, seizes
it with her disengaged hand, disembowels it
with her teeth, and strings it on a twig."
Mr. O'Sullivan once saw "a woman, quite
nude, paddling a canoe and endeavoring to
protect with her own person from the snow,
which was falling in heavy flakes, the naked
body of her baby, while her lord and master
wrapped in a skin cloak, sat warming him-
self over the fire amidships." Thc " cloak,"
however, it is later explained, was only a
piece of untanned skin, reaching from thc
thigh to the small of the back, and this in a
climate like that of northern Scotland. At
last there is a word of praise for the poor
islanders. The Fuegian language contains
30,000 words and makes use of twenty more
vowels than the English. From which the
writer conclueds:
" And it would appear as if this extraordinary languagae is the one solitary heritage
of this race from an ancestry of much higher civilization. * * * It is most likely
that they are the remnants of a people whicli
formerly dwelt in the broad plains of the
adjoining continent, but were gradually-
forced farther south by the more powerful
tribe."	
To Parallel tho Canadian facific ���
A Winnipeg telegram to the New York
Sun says;���The chief topic hero is a proposed new road between Winnipeg and
Lake Superior, paralleling the Canadian
Pacific. Men interested say they have
$8,000,000 of New York capital ready to
build the line, and that all they want is a
guarantee of the local Government to goon
with the work. A strong deputation of
citizens waited on the Government to urge
that body to call a special meeting of the
Legislature and pass the aid asked. The
scheme was fully outlined hy which the
promoters propose giving to this province
another competing line to Port Arthur and
Duluth, The intention as stated, is to run :
the proposed line from Winnipeg south of
the Canadian Pacific, tapping the Rainy
River country, and through to Port Arthur,
a distance of between 400 and 500 miles. It
is proposed to utlize either tho Manitoba
Southeastern or Winnipeg Southwestern
charters through the province to the Lake
of the Woods, and also to utilize the charter
ot a company which has power to run
through the Rainy River country till the
Port Arthur, Duluth and Western is reached. The new company has made arrangements for running over the latter line to
Port Arthur. The connection with the
Port Arthur anil Duluth Railway will
shortly be completed to the Zenith City,
and running power will be secured over
this line lor the entire length of the system
Thc company asks the Government for a
cash bonus of $450,000 on 110 miles���a rate
of ��1,000 per mile. It does not ask for the
payment of this amount until after the completion of the line in 1895. The company
will enter into bond with thc Government of
Manitoba to reduce present grain rates 23
cents per buahel between Winnipeg and
Lake Superior. After hearing Mr. Ewarl
and other members of the deputation, the
Premier assured the gentlemen that their
request would bc taken into consideration
at thefirst Cabinet meeting,
Murder of au African King-
Information just received from West
Africa reports the death of King Crow, or
Kroo, of Rooktown, Hereby. Tho deceased
met with his death, it is believed, at the
hands ol his enemies, a neighbouring tribe
with whom his own poople wore at variance. King Crow was a notable figure on
the Hereby coast, and had I he reputation of
having killed the crew of an American
vessel. The Hereby coast is fringed with
rocks and is consequently dangerous of ap.
proach. It is said that the American
vessel got wrecked at the place where thc
crew landed. They numbered about 17
all told, and it is staled that through old
Crow's instrumentality all of tho poor fellows met their deaths, This, however, is
said to have occurred about 17 or 18 years
ago, King Crow lived right in the centre
of his town, and was found dead one morning, having been stabbed to death. How
the murderer managed to get into the King's
quartcra was a mystery, on account of his
house being completely surrounded by the
dwellings of ii in people. King Crow invariably came off in a canoe from his
place, and was well known on board the
English mail steamers, his regal habiliments consisting of a tall hat ami a piece of
cloth round the waist,
AC0NDE1-,8��D NOVEL OF THE3EA-
lhrsiorj or (In- Lalt-sl Chart From theT.S.
ilydrnzmiihli' Offlrr.
The maivels, mysteries, and tragedies of
the sea for the last live years are told in th��
unemotiouitl language of the statistician in
the latest chart of the V. S. Hydrographic
Ollice. The chart is not altogether an artistic
creation, but it lias probably more startling
information on it than any other square
yard of paper ever printed. Its upper half
is filled with red eurlycues and criss-cross
lines which represent' the erratic drift of
famous derelicts. All parts of the coast,
from Maine tu the stormy Cape Hatteras,
are plentifully speckled in red. Every
crimson dot shows where a sailing vessel
came to grief. There are a few blue dota,
which mark the place where steamers have
foundered or have been dashed to pieces.
The wreck chart is nearly surrounded by
printed statistics. They help the student of
the chart to appreciate the dangers ol the
main. They ���ay that "the most reliable
statistics show an average annual total loss
of 2,172 vessels with 112,000 lives in thecom-
nierce of the world. The estimated \alue of
the vessels and cargoes loat is about $100,-
0110,000, The dots and*he curlycues show-
where 956 vessels were wrecked on the
Atlantic coast of North America, together
with the positions of 3312 abandoned vessels,of which 130 were frequently reported
and have Iheir drift tracks plotted as far as
the limits of the chart will permit. In addition to these the monthly pilot charts and
weekly bulletins show|that there were in this
same region and period 625 derelicts which
could not be identified.
" These025 unknown with the 332 known
derelicts make a total of 1157 derelicts during the five years, or an average of 16 for
each month. The table of the drift derelicts
indicates, as far as cau be estimated from
the number of days these derelicts were
floating, that the average time a derelict remains afloat is about thirty days, so that it
is evident that there are at least 111 derelicts
constantly afloat in this region. This average is doubtless underestimated, since it is
based only on definite reliable reports, and
no doubt there are many more which were
not reported or were not seen. The pilot
chart for February, 1893, shows 45 derelicts
afloat in the North Atlantic, 25 of which
were in the vicinity of the tracks of the
transatlantic steamers."
The wreck chart shows that there were
33 collisions with derelicts from Jan. 16,
1887, to Dec. 1,1891, or an average of nearly 8 a year. Ten steamships collided with
derelicts. Only one, the Glenrath, was so
badly damaged that she sank. The number,
of derelicts has increased steadily year by
year. There were in 18SS eighty-two of
I the unidentified waifs; in 1890, 140; in
1891, 172. In regard to the unidentified
derelicts, the hydrographer, writes:
"Thty include all the reports of vessels
floating bottom up, floating hulks without
masts, and abandoned vessels with masts
standing, indicating the rig, but uot establishing the identity. There are many reports of known derelicts not recognized by
the vessels making the report, but which
were evidently the known derelict because of the da te and position seen, When
several reports of unrecognized vessels are
for the same time and place, it is assumed
to be the same oue."
In the list of abandoned vessels there are
many, mostly lumber-laden American
schooners, that have drifted from 1,000 to
more than 5,000 miles. Among these are
the American schooner W, L, While, which
was abandoned on March 13, 1888, the day
after the blizzard. In her cruise of ten
months and ton days she cruised 5,910miles
and filially drifted on the shore of one of
the Hebrides. The Wyer G. Sargent, also
a lumber carrier, which was last sighted,
a mere shell, cm Dec, li. 1801, was one year
and nine mouths drifting. She was abandoned olf Hatteras on March 31, 1891, with
$20,000 worth of mahogany under her decks-
She cruised 5,500 miles, mostly in the Sargasso Sea, Some of her cargo drifted
on the shcrcs of the Azores, and was sold
bv auction, The schooner Ethel M. Davis
drifted 4,100 miles, the David W. Hunt 4,-
800 miles, and the Fannie F-. Woolston,
which is still in fair condition, bothering
tlie navigators, had, up to Dec. 13, 1802,
cruised 3,460 miles.
Tartars ot 2,000 years ago preserved only
the thumb and toe mils of theii dead,
A Frenzied Girl's Wild Shot.
A Montreal despatch says:���The details
I if what came very nearly being a murder in
i broad daylight leaked out to-day. and ton-
i aequently all  the  interested parties  arc
, worked up to the fullest pitch of excitement.
A young man living near the corner of St.
Hubert and Dorchester streets, had, it ap-
I pears, been paying frequent visits toapretty
'��� mil living in a house of doubtful repute on
! Cadleux street, and everything seemed to
i indicate that his affection was reciprocated
' a hundred-fold,   yesterday afternoon while
i the woman in question was shopping io a
1 fashionable establishment on St. Lawrenco
Main street, she happened to cast her eyes
towards thc door, and saw her lover promenading  with another person of  less tender years.   This was  too much for the
young lady to bear and with a deep moan
she fell to the flu,.r in a swoon.   Restoratives were applied and the broken-hearted
girl was sent home in a carriage and although better when her lover called in the
evening, her nerves were worked up to a
dangerous pitch,   Repairing to her room,
followed by the young man, she drew a
pistol from a drawer and fired.   The ball
missed the object for which it was intended
and smashed a mirror instead,   The almost
insane girl was disarmed and has apparently convinced the authorities and her lover
that she was unaware of the weapon being
loaded, as it has been decided to make no
arrests,   The French  press, however,  is
making the most of the unfortunate incident and it may be that the case may yet
be brought into court.
Perfectly Safe-
Little Girl���" 1 hat's lhe second lima
your mamma has called you,"
Little Roy (busy playing]-" I know."
Little Girl���" Won't she whip you if you
don't go."
Littic Boy���" No, slit's got company and
she'll say : ' He's been real deaf since he
had thc measles, poor little fellow.1"
All Alike-
Visitor���" And so you  went  to the
church to see the wedding! vVhat did you
think of it I"
Little Gill���" I  didn't  think.   I juat
looked and  talked, an1   talked  without
thinking, same as everybody else.' TROUT
LAKE
OITY
WEST KOOTENAY, B.C.
The above town site is now on the market, and lots are being
rapidly bought up by local parties. It is situated at the north end of
Trout Lake,     the ^^^^^^^^^^^^^^H
COUNTRY
which is going to be one of the RICHEST MINING REGIONS in
America. NUMEROUS RICH CLAIMS have been found close to this
town site, which will make it the DISTRIBUTING POINT for an
IMMENSE TRACT OF COUNTRY. It is the only level land at the
north end of the lake. The owners intend to expend money on streets
and other improvements in the Spring. The trail from Lardeau City,
on Arrow Lake, to Kootenay Lake, runs through the town site. For
the NEXT THIRTY DAYS corners will be sold at $150 and insides
$100.
For further particulars apply to
C. E. PERRY & CO.,
at the Head Office, Nelson, B.C., or to
���
HAIG,
Local Agent,
REVELSTOKE, B.C.

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